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Section 1: DEF 14A (DEFINITIVE PROXY STATEMENT)

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A
Proxy Statement Pursuant To Section 14(a) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No. __ )

Filed by the Registrant                     
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant
Check the appropriate box:
 Preliminary Proxy Statement
 Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))
 Definitive Proxy Statement
 Definitive Additional Materials
 Soliciting Material under §240.14a-12
GLACIER BANCORP, INC.
(Name of Registrant as Specified In Its Charter)
(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)
Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):
 Fee not required.
 Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(4) and 0-11.
(1) Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:
(2) Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:
(3) Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):
(4) Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:
(5) Total fee paid:
 Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.
 Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.
(1) Amount Previously Paid:
(2) Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:
(3) Filing Party:
(4) Date Filed:




GLACIER BANCORP, INC.
49 Commons Loop
Kalispell, Montana 59901

NOTICE OF ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS
To Be Held April 29, 2020
9:00 a.m. Mountain Time

To the Shareholders of Glacier Bancorp, Inc.:
We cordially invite you to attend the 2020 Annual Meeting of Shareholders of Glacier Bancorp, Inc. (“Annual Meeting”) at The Hilton Garden Inn, 1840 Highway 93 South, Kalispell, Montana. The meeting’s purpose is to vote on the following proposals, together with any other business that may properly come before the meeting:
1.To elect nine directors to serve on the board of directors until the 2021 annual meeting of shareholders;
2.To vote on an advisory (non-binding) resolution to approve the compensation of Glacier Bancorp, Inc.’s named executive officers;
3.To ratify the appointment of BKD, LLP as Glacier Bancorp, Inc.’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020; and
4.To transact such other matters as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements.
If you were a shareholder of record on February 24, 2020, you may vote on the proposals presented at the Annual Meeting in person or by proxy. We encourage you to promptly phone in your vote, vote via the internet, or complete and return the enclosed proxy card or voting instruction form in order to ensure that your shares will be represented and voted at the meeting in accordance with your instructions. If you attend the meeting in person, you may withdraw your proxy and vote your shares.
Further information regarding voting rights and the business to be transacted at the Annual Meeting is included in the accompanying Proxy Statement. The directors, officers, and employees who serve you genuinely appreciate your continued interest and support as a shareholder in the affairs of Glacier Bancorp, Inc. and in its growth and development.
March 16, 2020BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
/s/ Ron J. Copher
Ron J. Copher, Secretary

YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT
Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, please phone in your vote, vote via the internet, or sign and date your proxy card or voting instruction form and return it in the enclosed postage prepaid envelope. You do not need to retain the proxy card or voting instruction form in order to be admitted to the Annual Meeting. If you attend the Annual Meeting, you may vote either in person or by proxy. You may revoke any proxy that you have given either in writing or in person at any time prior to the proxy’s exercise.

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Shareholder Meeting To Be Held on April 29, 2020. A copy of this Proxy Statement and the Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2019, which includes the Form 10-K, are available at www.glacierbancorp.com.




TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
INFORMATION ABOUT THE MEETING
 
Voting on Matters Presented
 
Voting in Person at the Annual Meeting 
VOTING SECURITIES AND PRINCIPAL HOLDERS THEREOF 
Principal Shareholders 
Directors and Named Executive Officers 
SECTION 16(A) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE 
TRANSACTIONS WITH MANAGEMENT
 
Certain Transactions
 
PROPOSAL NO. 1 ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
 
Directors and Director Nominees
 
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
 
Corporate Governance Guidelines and Policies 
Board Leadership Structure11  
Director Qualifications11  
Majority Voting Policy12  
Director Independence12  
Shareholder Communications with the Board of Directors13  
MEETINGS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS13  
Board Authority for Risk Oversight13  
Committee Membership14  
MANAGEMENT17  
Named Executive Officers Who Are Not Directors17  
EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION18  
COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS18  
COMPENSATION TABLES27  
Summary Compensation Table28  
Grants of Plan-Based Awards29  
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End30  
Option Exercises and Stock Vested30  
Director and Employee Plans31  
Post-Employment and Termination Benefits32  
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation32  
Pension Benefits33  
2019 Employment Arrangements and Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change In Control
33  
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CEO Compensation Pay Ratio38  
COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS38  
Director Compensation Table39  
Director Equity Compensation40  
REPORT OF COMPENSATION COMMITTEE40  
PROPOSAL NO. 2 ADVISORY (NON-BINDING) VOTE ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION40  
AUDITORS41  
Fees Paid to Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm41  
Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors
42  
REPORT OF AUDIT COMMITTEE43  
PROPOSAL NO. 3 RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM44  
OTHER BUSINESS44  
2021 SHAREHOLDER PROPOSALS AND DIRECTOR NOMINATIONS44  
Shareholder Proposals44  
Director Nominations45  
Copy of Bylaw Provisions45  
ANNUAL REPORT TO SHAREHOLDERS45  
DELIVERY OF DOCUMENTS TO SHAREHOLDERS SHARING AN ADDRESS45  

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GLACIER BANCORP, INC.
49 Commons Loop
Kalispell, Montana 59901
(406) 756-4200
PROXY STATEMENT
Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials for the Shareholder Meeting To Be Held on April 29, 2020:
        A copy of this Proxy Statement and the Annual Report to Shareholders (“Annual Report”) for the year ended December 31, 2019, which includes the Form 10-K (“Form 10-K”), are available at www.glacierbancorp.com.
INFORMATION ABOUT THE MEETING
        Meeting Information. This Proxy Statement (“Proxy Statement”) and the accompanying proxy card or voting instruction form are being sent to shareholders on or about March 16, 2020 for use in connection with the Annual Meeting of Glacier Bancorp, Inc. (“Company” or “Glacier”) to be held on Wednesday, April 29, 2020 at 9:00 a.m. Mountain Time. In this Proxy Statement, the terms “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Glacier Bancorp, Inc.
        Solicitation of Proxies. Our board of directors (“Board”) is soliciting shareholder proxies, and we will pay the associated costs. Solicitation may be made by our directors, officers and employees and by our banking subsidiary, Glacier Bank (“Glacier Bank”), or by the directors, officers and employees of the Glacier Bank divisions, operating under the following names:
Bank of the San Juans (Durango, CO)First State Bank (Wheatland, WY)
Citizens Community Bank (Pocatello, ID)Glacier Bank (Kalispell, MT)
Collegiate Peaks Bank (Buena Vista, CO)Heritage Bank of Nevada (Reno, NV)
First Bank of Montana (Lewistown, MT)Mountain West Bank (Coeur d’Alene, ID)
First Bank of Wyoming (Powell, WY)North Cascades Bank (Chelan, WA)
First Community Bank Utah (Layton, UT)The Foothills Bank (Yuma, AZ)
First Security Bank (Bozeman, MT)Valley Bank of Helena (Helena, MT)
First Security Bank of Missoula (Missoula, MT)Western Security Bank (Billings, MT)

        We do not expect to engage an outside proxy solicitation firm to render proxy solicitation services. However, if we do, we will pay a fee for such services. Solicitation may be made through the mail or by telephone, facsimile, or personal interview.
        Record Date. If you were a shareholder on February 24, 2020 (“Record Date”), you are entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting. There were approximately 92,363,417 shares of our common stock outstanding on the Record Date.
        Quorum. The quorum requirement for holding the Annual Meeting and transacting business is a majority of the outstanding shares entitled to be voted. The shares may be present in person or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting. Both abstentions and broker non-votes (as defined below) are counted as present for the purpose of determining the presence of a quorum.

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Voting on Matters Presented
        Proposal No. 1 - Election of Directors. The nine director nominees who receive the highest number of affirmative votes will be elected. Shareholders are not permitted to cumulate their votes for the election of directors. Votes may be cast FOR or WITHHELD from each nominee. Votes that are withheld and broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of the election.
        As described below under the section entitled “Corporate Governance – Majority Voting Policy,” the Company has adopted a Majority Voting Policy (“Majority Voting Policy”). As a requirement of nomination, each director nominee of the Company is required to tender an irrevocable resignation as a director of the Company. The Company has such a letter on file from each director nominee. If any such director nominee receives more WITHHELD votes than FOR votes in an uncontested election of directors, his or her resignation will be considered by the Company’s Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee (“Nominating/Governance Committee”) and the Board.
Proposal No. 2 - Advisory (Non-Binding) Vote on Executive Compensation. The affirmative vote FOR by a majority of those shares present in person or by proxy and voting on this matter is required to approve the advisory (non-binding) resolution on the compensation of our Named Executive Officers (“Named Executive Officers”). You may vote FOR, AGAINST or ABSTAIN from approving the advisory (non-binding) resolution on executive compensation. Abstentions and broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of the proposal.
        Proposal No. 3 - Ratification of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm. The proposal to ratify the appointment of BKD, LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm (also referred to as “independent auditors”) for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020 will be adopted if a majority of the votes present and entitled to vote are cast FOR the proposal. You may vote FOR, AGAINST or ABSTAIN from approving the proposal. Abstentions and broker non-votes will have no effect on the outcome of the proposal.
        Voting of Proxies. Shares represented by properly executed proxies that are received prior to the deadline for submitting proxies and that are not revoked will be voted in accordance with the instructions indicated on the proxies. If no instructions are indicated, the persons named in the proxy will vote the shares represented by the proxy (i) FOR the director nominees listed in this Proxy Statement, (ii) FOR the advisory (non-binding) resolution to approve the compensation of our Named Executive Officers, and (iii) FOR the ratification of the appointment of the independent registered public accounting firm. Any proxy given by a shareholder may be revoked before its exercise by:
giving notice to us in writing;
delivering to us a subsequently dated proxy card; or
notifying us at the Annual Meeting before the shareholder vote is taken.
        Voting of Proxies by Shareholders of Record and by Beneficial Owners. A significant percentage of Glacier shareholders hold their shares through a stockbroker, bank or other nominee rather than directly in their own names. As summarized below, there are some differences between the two types of ownership.

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        Shareholders of Record. If your shares are registered directly in your name with Glacier’s transfer agent, American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC, you are considered, with respect to those shares, the shareholder of record, and these proxy materials are being sent to you directly by Glacier. As the shareholder of record, you have the right to grant your voting proxy directly to Glacier or to vote in person at the Annual Meeting. We have enclosed a proxy card for you to use.
        Beneficial Owner. If your shares are held in a stock brokerage account or by a bank or other nominee, you are considered the beneficial owner of shares held in “street name,” and these proxy materials are being forwarded to you by your broker or nominee who is considered, with respect to those shares, the shareholder of record. As the beneficial owner, you have the right to direct your broker, bank or other nominee on how to vote. Your broker or nominee has enclosed a voting instruction card for you to use in directing your broker or nominee as to how to vote your shares.
        Brokers cannot vote on behalf of beneficial owners on “non-routine” proposals (defined as “broker non-votes”). Generally, broker non-votes occur when shares held by a broker for a beneficial owner are not voted with respect to a particular proposal because (i) the broker has not received voting instructions from the beneficial owner and (ii) the broker lacks discretionary voting power to vote such shares.
        If your shares are held in street name and you do not submit voting instructions to your broker, your broker may vote your shares at this meeting on the ratification of the appointment of the independent registered public accounting firm only. If no instructions are given with respect to the election of directors or approval of the (non-binding) resolution on executive compensation, your broker cannot vote your shares on these proposals.
Voting in Person at the Annual Meeting
        Shareholders of Record. Shares held directly in your name as the shareholder of record may be voted in person at the Annual Meeting. If you choose to vote your shares in person at the Annual Meeting, please bring the enclosed proxy card and proof of identification. Even if you plan to attend the Annual Meeting, we recommend that you vote your shares in advance as described above so that your vote will be counted if you later decide not to attend the Annual Meeting.
        Beneficial Owner. Shares held in street name may be voted in person by you only if you present a “Legal Proxy” at the Annual Meeting. Contact your broker or nominee immediately to obtain a “Legal Proxy,” and bring that document and proof of identification with you to the Annual Meeting.
VOTING SECURITIES AND PRINCIPAL HOLDERS THEREOF
        There were approximately 92,363,417 shares of common stock outstanding on the Record Date, which was set at February 24, 2020. Shareholders are not permitted to cumulate their votes for the election of directors.

Principal Shareholders
        The following table includes information as of December 31, 2019 concerning the persons or entities, including any “group” as that term is used in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), who or which was known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the issued and outstanding common stock of the Company on the Record Date.

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Title of Class
Name and Address of
Beneficial Owner
Amount and Nature
of Beneficial
Ownership (1)

Percent of
Class
Common Stock
BlackRock, Inc.
55 East 52nd Street
New York, NY 10055
13,369,514 (2)
14.5%
Common StockThe Vanguard Group, Inc.
100 Vanguard Blvd.
Malvern, PA 19355
9,600,760 (3)
10.41%
           
(1)Pursuant to rules promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) under the Exchange Act, a person or entity is considered to beneficially own shares of common stock if the person or entity has or shares (i) voting power, meaning the power to vote or to direct the voting of the shares or (ii) investment power, meaning the power to dispose of or to direct the disposition of the shares.
(2)A Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 4, 2020 indicates that BlackRock, Inc. (“BlackRock”) had sole voting power over 13,150,015 shares and sole dispositive power over 13,369,514 shares of the Company’s common stock. The securities are beneficially owned by various BlackRock subsidiaries, including BlackRock Fund Advisors, who beneficially owns 5% or greater. For purposes of the Exchange Act, BlackRock is deemed to be a beneficial owner of such securities.
(3)A Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 12, 2020 indicates that The Vanguard Group, Inc. (“Vanguard”) had sole voting power over 99,455 shares, shared voting power over 10,895 shares, sole dispositive power over 9,502,474 shares, and shared dispositive power over 98,286 shares of the Company’s common stock. The securities are beneficially owned by various Vanguard subsidiaries. For purposes of the Exchange Act, Vanguard is deemed to be a beneficial owner of such securities.

Directors and Named Executive Officers
        The following table shows, as of February 24, 2020, the amount of Glacier common stock beneficially owned by (a) each director and director nominee of the Company, (b) the Named Executive Officers listed in the Summary Compensation Table below, and (c) all of Glacier’s directors, director nominees, and Named Executive Officers as a group. Beneficial ownership is a technical term broadly defined by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In general, beneficial ownership includes (i) securities over which a director or executive officer is deemed to have voting or investment control, either directly or indirectly, and (ii) stock options or other rights that are exercisable currently or become exercisable within 60 days of the date upon which the beneficial ownership was determined. Except as noted below, each holder has sole voting and investment control for all shares beneficially owned.



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Name and Address**
of Beneficial Owner
Position
Amount and Nature of
Beneficial Ownership of
Common Stock as of
February 24, 2020 (1)
Named Executive Officers




Randall M. CheslerDirector, President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”)

54,949*
Ron J. CopherEVP and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”); Secretary

71,420 (2)
*
Don J. CheryExecutive Vice President (“EVP”) and Chief Administrative Officer (“CAO”)

35,667(3)
*
Directors




David C. BoylesDirector

104,447 (4)
*
Sherry L. CladouhosDirector

18,416 (5)
*
James M. EnglishDirector

33,864 (6)
*
Annie M. GoodwinDirector

13,306*
Dallas I. HerronDirector

67,150 (7)
*
Craig A. LangelDirector, Chairman of Glacier and Glacier Bank

63,219 (8)
*
Douglas J. McBrideDirector

12,138*
John W. MurdochDirector

14,067 (9)
*
George R. SuttonDirector

3,157*
Executive officers and directors as a group (12 individuals)

491,800*
           
* Represents less than 1% of outstanding common stock.
** The business address for each beneficial owner is 49 Commons Loop, Kalispell, Montana 59901.
(1)The number and percentages shown are based on the number of shares of Glacier common stock deemed beneficially owned under applicable regulations and have been adjusted for stock splits and stock dividends.
(2)Includes 22,837 shares held for Mr. Copher’s account in the Company’s Profit Sharing and 401(k) Plan.
(3)All shares are held jointly with Mr. Chery’s spouse.
(4)Includes 102,095 shares held jointly with Mr. Boyles’ spouse.
(5)Includes 9,770 shares held jointly with Ms. Cladouhos’ spouse.
(6)Includes 18,436 shares held jointly with Mr. English’s spouse.
(7)Includes 12,000 shares held jointly with Mr. Herron’s spouse, 3,755 shares owned by Mr. Herron’s spouse.
(8)Includes 63,110 shares held directly by Mr. Langel, of which 25,905 shares are pledged or held in a margin account; and 109 shares owned by Mr. Langel’s spouse.
(9)Reflects 14,067 shares held in the John W. Murdoch Revocable Trust dated April 13, 2011 for which Mr. Murdoch has voting and dispositive power.

SECTION 16(a) BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP REPORTING COMPLIANCE
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires our directors and executive officers to file reports of their ownership of Glacier’s common stock to the SEC. Based solely upon a review of the filings made with the SEC, and written representations from our directors and executive officers, we believe that all Section 16(a) filing requirements that apply to our directors and executive officers were complied with for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019.

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TRANSACTIONS WITH MANAGEMENT
Certain Transactions
Transactions between Glacier or its affiliates and related persons (including directors and executive officers of Glacier or their immediate family members) generally must be approved by the Audit Committee (or a comparable committee of independent disinterested directors), in accordance with the Statement of Policy with Respect to Related Person Transactions adopted by the Board. Under the policy, a transaction between Glacier or Glacier Bank and a “related person” will be consummated only if (i) the designated committee, or a majority of the disinterested independent members of the Board, approves or ratifies such transaction in accordance with the guidelines set forth in the policy and (ii) the transaction is on terms comparable to those that could be obtained in arm’s-length dealings with an unrelated third party.
        During 2019, certain directors and executive officers (and their associates) of Glacier and Glacier Bank were customers of one or more of our bank divisions, and it is anticipated that such individuals will continue to be customers in the future. All transactions between Glacier Bank and such executive officers and directors (and their associates) were made in the ordinary course of business on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and collateral, as those prevailing at the time for comparable loans with persons not related to the bank, and, in the opinion of management, did not involve more than the normal risk of collectability or present other unfavorable features.

PROPOSAL NO. 1
ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
        In accordance with the Company’s Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation and its amended and restated Bylaws (the “Bylaws”), the Board has set the number of directors for election to the Board at the 2020 Annual Meeting at nine and has nominated the persons identified below in the section entitled “Directors and Director Nominees” for election at the Annual Meeting. If you elect the nominees presented, they will hold office until the election of their successors at the annual meeting in 2021 or until their earlier resignation.
        We know of no reason why any nominee may be unable to serve as a director. If any nominee is unable to serve, the proxy may be voted for the election of such substitute nominee(s) as may be designated by the Board.
        At the close of the Annual Meeting, our former Chairman Dallas I. Herron, age 76, will retire from the Board. Mr. Herron has been a director since 2008 and during that time has served on various committees, including currently as a member of Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee, Compliance Committee, Risk Oversight Committee, Audit Committee, and Compensation Committee. Mr. Herron became Chairman of the Board in 2013. Mr. Herron also previously served on the Board of Directors of our subsidiary, Glacier Bank, for ten years. The Board of Directors thanks Mr. Herron for his extensive and valued service to the Company and the Bank for over 11 years.
        Director Craig A. Langel was recently appointed as Chairman of the Board, and will chair the Annual Meeting.

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Directors and Director Nominees
Information regarding each of the nominees is provided below, including each nominee’s name, age as of February 24, 2020, principal occupation, public company directorships during the past five years, and the year first elected or appointed as a director of Glacier. All of the nominees are currently directors of both Glacier and Glacier Bank. Certain of the directors also served as directors of Glacier’s other bank subsidiaries prior to Glacier’s consolidation of its bank subsidiaries with and into Glacier Bank, which occurred in April 2012. Information regarding the amount and nature of each nominee’s ownership of Glacier common stock is provided under the section entitled “Voting Securities and Principal Holders Thereof.”
Our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation provide that the number of directors shall be determined by a vote of the majority of the Board and shall be no fewer than seven and no more than 17. For election at the 2020 Annual Meeting, our Board has set the number of directors at nine, effective as of the Annual Meeting, and the Nominating/Governance Committee has identified nine director nominees as set forth below.
David C. Boyles, 69, was appointed to the Board in 2018, and is designated by our Board as an “audit committee financial expert” under SEC rules. Mr. Boyles is a banker with over 46 years of commercial banking experience. He served as President and Chairman of the Board of Columbine Capital Corp. and its subsidiary Collegiate Peaks Bank (“Columbine”) from 2006 to January 2018 when Columbine was acquired by Glacier. Mr. Boyles also served as Chairman of the Audit Committee of Columbine. Prior to joining Columbine, Mr. Boyles served for 22 years as President and CEO, and as Chairman of Guaranty Bank and Trust Company. Mr. Boyles is a founding Trustee of the Rose Community Foundation in Denver, Colorado, where he served for ten years and then continued as a member of its Investment Committee for six years after his term as a Trustee. Mr. Boyles served on the board of directors of Rose Hospital for 40 years, and he has been on the boards of directors of Winter Park Ski Area and Boy Scouts of America, and he has been a trustee of HealthONE. Mr. Boyles also served as the Tenth Federal Reserve District representative to the Federal Reserve Advisory Council from 2006 to 2008. Mr. Boyles completed his undergraduate studies at the University of Colorado-Boulder where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Chemistry and a Bachelor of Science degree in Business-Finance. Mr. Boyles brings to the Board his extensive banking and regulatory knowledge.
        Randall M. Chesler, 61, was elected to the Board at the Company’s 2016 annual meeting. From August 1, 2015 to December 31, 2016, Mr. Chesler served as President of Glacier Bank. Since January 1, 2017, he has served as President and CEO of each of Glacier and Glacier Bank. Mr. Chesler has more than 31 years of experience in the financial services industry, most recently as President of CIT Bank, the Salt Lake City-based banking subsidiary of CIT Group. During his ten years with CIT, Mr. Chesler held progressive leadership positions including President, Small Business Lending and President, Consumer Finance. Mr. Chesler brings to the Board broad experience in a variety of aspects of the banking and technology industries, as well as proven leadership skills.

Sherry L. Cladouhos, 64, was appointed to the Board in October 2010. She has served as Chairman of the Compensation Committee since July 2015 and served as the Chairman of the Compliance Committee from May 2013 to July 2015. She was employed by Blue Cross Blue Shield Montana for 36 years and served in a variety of leadership and executive roles, including President and CEO, Co-Chief Operating Officer, Senior Vice President of Marketing and Operations, Vice President of Member Services and Support, and Director of Customer Service and Administration. Ms. Cladouhos was responsible for the overall strategic direction of the company and worked with others to provide affordable healthcare coverage to Montanans until her retirement in 2010. She is a Certified Health Insurance Executive and is a graduate of the Berkeley Healthcare Executive Program. Ms. Cladouhos also
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has served on the boards of numerous business and community-related organizations. She is past Chairman of the Montana Chamber of Commerce, and she served on the Montana Chamber of Commerce Foundation. Ms. Cladouhos brings extensive experience in executive-level leadership and strategic business decision making to the Board.
James M. English, 75, was appointed to the Board in February 2004 and has served as Chairman of the Nominating/Governance Committee since July 2013. He also served as a director of the Company’s former subsidiary, Mountain West Bank in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, from 1996 until the consolidation of Glacier’s bank subsidiaries in 2012. Mr. English earned a Bachelor of Science degree in finance and a law degree from the University of Idaho. From 1996 to 2000, he served as the President and Chief Operating Officer for Idaho Forest Industries, Inc., a lumber manufacturing, real estate development and building products retail sales company. Mr. English has been an attorney in limited private practice as a sole practitioner of the English Law Firm in Hayden, Idaho since 2000. He is a partner in Great Sky Development of Boise, Idaho and serves on the board of RGB Holdings, Inc. Mr. English brings experience and expertise to the Board based on a legal career of over 40 years and experience as a business executive.
        Annie M. Goodwin, 61, was appointed to the Board in June 2012 and has served as Chairman of the Risk Oversight Committee since July 2012. Ms. Goodwin is an attorney in Helena, Montana and is the principal of the Goodwin Law Office, L.L.C. She practices banking and regulatory law. Ms. Goodwin served as Montana’s Commissioner of Banking and Financial Institutions from 2001 to 2010, as Chief Legal Counsel with the Montana Banking and Financial Institutions Division and Department of Commerce from 1988 to 2001 and worked in private practice prior to that time. She earned her Bachelor of Science degree in nursing from Carroll College and worked as a registered nurse before going on to earn her Juris Doctor degree from the University of Montana Law School in 1984. Ms. Goodwin continued her legal education at Hastings College of Law, George Mason University of Law in the Banking Law Section, and she completed the FDIC Bank Examination School for Attorneys. She is active in local and trade associations and was appointed to the Commission on Character and Fitness of Attorney Admissions to State Bar of the Montana Supreme Court where she has served as Chairman since 1988. Ms. Goodwin brings to the Board her expertise and knowledge gained in her role as Commissioner where she had regulatory oversight over the financial institutions in Montana.
Craig A. Langel, 69, is Chairman of the Board, and was appointed to the Board in December 2005. He has served as Chairman of the Audit Committee since 2009, and is designated by our Board as an “audit committee financial expert” under SEC rules. Mr. Langel received his education at Montana State University, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in accounting in 1973. He received his Certified Public Accountant (“CPA”) license in 1974. Mr. Langel has served the accounting profession for over 40 years and is a CPA accredited in Business Valuation and a Certified Valuation Analyst. He is an officer and shareholder of Langel & Associates, P.C., providing consulting and tax services throughout the United States. In addition, Mr. Langel is the owner and CEO of CLC Restaurants, Inc., which owns and operates Taco Bell and KFC restaurants in Montana, Idaho, and Washington, and he is a part owner of Mustard Seed Restaurants. He served as a director of Glacier’s former subsidiary First Security Bank of Missoula from 1984 to 2005 and was re-elected to the board in February 2009, serving until the consolidation of Glacier’s bank subsidiaries in 2012. Mr. Langel also serves on the board of directors of two non-profit organizations. With a career of over 40 years as a CPA, Mr. Langel brings extensive financial acumen to the Board, in addition to his experience as a business owner and executive.
        Douglas J. McBride, 67, was appointed to the Board in September 2006 and has served as Chairman of the Compliance Committee since July 2015. Dr. McBride has been an optometrist in Billings for over 30 years. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree at Linfield College and his Doctor of Optometry degree at the Illinois College of Optometry in 1978. He is a former President of the Montana State Board of Examiners for Optometry, of which he has been a member since 1993. Dr. McBride is also
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the former Chairman of the Advisory Board for TLC Laser Eye Center in Billings and is the former administrator for the State of Montana for Vision Source, an optometric franchise. He is a past President of the Montana Optometric Association. Dr. McBride also served as a director of the Company’s former subsidiary Western Security Bank, serving from 2003 until the consolidation of Glacier’s bank subsidiaries in 2012. Dr. McBride’s expertise in the healthcare community is valuable to the Board and allows him to provide insight into the Company’s healthcare and medical benefit issues, as well as the healthcare industry in general.
John W. Murdoch, 77, was appointed to the Board in September 2005. Mr. Murdoch graduated from Doane College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1964. He worked in the ranch and home supply industry for over 40 years. From 1994 to July 2017, Mr. Murdoch was an owner of Murdoch’s Ranch & Home Supply, LLC, a ranch and home retail operation, and served as its President from its founding until 2006, when he sold a majority ownership to key employees. As President, he coordinated the efforts required to run a 1,700-employee, multi-location, multi-state retail operation, including the oversight of purchasing, marketing, human resources, distribution and accounting. Mr. Murdoch served as a director of the Company’s former subsidiary Big Sky Western Bank from December 2002 to February 2010, and he served on the Montana State University Foundation board in 2009 and 2010. In addition, he served as a director for Bozeman Deaconess Hospital from 2008 to 2017. Mr. Murdoch was also President of Mid-States Distributing Co., Inc. in 1990 and then again in 2006 and 2007. Mid-States is a buying cooperative for farm supply stores with over 500 stores and $3 billion in retail sales annually. Mr. Murdoch brings to the Board broad experience and expertise based on his management and oversight of substantial consumer businesses.
        George R. Sutton, 72, was appointed to the Board in September 2017. Mr. Sutton is an attorney and of Counsel to the Salt Lake City-based law firm Jones Waldo Holbrook & McDonough, where he has practiced since March of 2008. He served as the Utah Commissioner of Financial Institutions from 1987 to 1992, where he was responsible for regulating all state-chartered depository institutions and all consumer financial services providers in Utah. Since 1993, Mr. Sutton has specialized in bank regulation. He assists clients with new bank and other regulatory applications, provides compliance reviews of products and services, and advises boards and management on regulation and corporate governance matters. From July 2009 to December 2016, Mr. Sutton served as a member of the board of directors of Synchrony Bank (previously named GE Capital Retail Bank). Synchrony Bank is a federal savings bank with assets in excess of $73.6 billion and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Synchrony Financial, which is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “SYF.” He was an independent director and a member of the audit and compensation committees. Mr. Sutton completed his undergraduate studies and his Juris Doctor degree at the University of Utah. Mr. Sutton brings to the Board his extensive experience in the banking industry as a regulator, operator, and attorney.
        The Board unanimously recommends a vote FOR the election of each of the nominees to the Board.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
Corporate Governance Guidelines and Policies
The Board is committed to good business practices, transparency in financial reporting and high standards of corporate governance. Glacier operates within a comprehensive plan of corporate governance for the purpose of defining responsibilities, setting high standards of professional and personal conduct and assuring compliance with such responsibilities and standards. We regularly monitor developments in the area of corporate governance. The Board periodically reviews our governance policies and practices against those suggested by various groups or authorities active in corporate governance and the practices
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of other companies, as well as the requirements of the related SEC rules and the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market (“NASDAQ”).
Our Governance Documents and Policies
You can access our current corporate governance documents, including the Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers, the Director Code of Ethics, the Clawback Policy, the Anti-Hedging Policy, the Anti-Pledging and Margin Account Policy, the Majority Voting Policy (summarized below), the Stock Ownership and Retention Guidelines, and the charters of the Audit, Compensation, Compliance, Nominating/Governance, and Risk Oversight Committees, by visiting the Company’s website at www.glacierbancorp.com and clicking on “Governance Documents” or by writing to: Corporate Secretary, 49 Commons Loop, Kalispell, Montana 59901.
Codes of Ethics
The Board has adopted a Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers which applies to its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, chief administrative officer, controller, treasurer, and any persons performing similar functions. The Board has also adopted a Director Code of Ethics Policy.
Clawback Policy
        The Board adopted a “clawback” policy providing for the recovery of incentive compensation in certain circumstances. Under the clawback policy, if Glacier is required to prepare an accounting restatement due to the material noncompliance of the Company with any financial reporting requirement under applicable securities laws, the Company will recover compensation from any current or former executive officer who received incentive compensation (including equity-based compensation) during the three-year period preceding the date of the restatement, based on the erroneous data, in excess of what would have been paid to the executive under the accounting restatement.
Anti-Hedging Policy
        The Board has adopted an Anti-Hedging Policy that prohibits our directors, officers and employees of the Company and the Bank from engaging in a “hedging transaction,” which is generally a transaction that would have the economic effect of establishing a downside price protection in connection with Glacier common stock owned by such person, whether by purchasing or selling a security or derivative security, or otherwise. This type of transaction may create the appearance that the person’s interests are not aligned with those of the Company’s shareholders generally, to the extent that it is designed to hedge or offset against any decrease in the market value of Glacier common stock, and equity securities that have been granted to our directors, officers and employees as part of their compensation.
Anti-Pledging and Margin Account Policy
        The Board has adopted an Anti-Pledging Policy that prohibits our directors and executive officers from pledging Glacier common stock as collateral or from holding Glacier common stock in a margin account. This policy was originally adopted on June 30, 2015 and does not affect any pledges of Glacier common stock that were made prior to that date, except that no such pre-existing pledges may be increased in amount after that date.

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        Stock Ownership and Retention Guidelines Policy
The Board has approved a Stock Ownership and Retention Guidelines Policy for its directors and executive officers which are intended to help closely align the financial interests of such persons with those of Glacier’s shareholders. Within five years after appointment or election to the Board, each director is expected to acquire and retain shares of Glacier common stock having a market value of at least five times his or her annual cash retainer, exclusive of committee fees. All directors have met the guideline or are on track to meet the guideline within the required timeframe.
Similarly, executive officers who are required to file reports pursuant to Section 16 of the Exchange Act are expected, within five years of appointment or within three years of an increase in base salary, to acquire and retain Glacier shares having a specified market value. The CEO is expected to own shares having a market value equal to at least six times his or her annual base salary, and each other executive officer is expected to own shares having a market value equal to at least four times his or her annual base salary. Each of our executive officers has met the guideline or is on track to meet the guideline within the required timeframe.
Unless a director or executive officer has achieved the applicable guideline level of share ownership, he or she is required to retain an amount equal to 50% of the net shares received as a result of the exercise, vesting or payment of any Glacier equity awards granted to him or her.
Board Leadership Structure
The Board is committed to maintaining an independent Board. To that end, it has been our practice to separate the duties of Chairman and CEO. At this time, the Board believes that the separation of duties of Chairman and CEO eliminates any inherent conflict of interest that may arise when the roles are combined and that a non-employee director who is not serving as an executive officer of Glacier can best provide the necessary leadership and objectivity required as Chairman.
Director Qualifications
The Board believes that it is necessary for each of our directors to possess many qualities and skills. All of our directors bring to our Board a wealth of leadership experience derived from their extensive board service and their service in a variety of professional and executive positions.
The Nominating/Governance Committee is responsible for, among other duties, monitoring the Board composition, and the oversight and nomination process for director nominees. The Nominating/Governance Committee has not historically adopted formal director qualification standards for Nominating/Governance Committee-recommended nominees. However, the Nominating/Governance Committee annually reviews the experience, qualifications, attributes and skills of each director and nominee as part of its evaluation as to whether or not the nominees are the right individuals to serve on Glacier’s Board and to help Glacier successfully meet its long-term strategic plans. Because each director must be re-elected annually, the Nominating/Governance Committee has an annual opportunity to assess these factors and, if appropriate, determine not to re-nominate any director. A more detailed discussion regarding the considerations given by the Nominating/Governance Committee when considering director nominees is set forth below in the section entitled “Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee.”
The director biographical information set forth above in the section entitled “Directors and Director Nominees” summarizes the experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that we believe qualifies each director nominee to serve on the Board.

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Majority Voting Policy
The Company has adopted the Majority Voting Policy under which each director nominee is required to tender an irrevocable resignation as a director of the Company. The Company has such a letter on file from each 2020 director nominee. If any such nominee receives more WITHHELD votes than FOR votes in an uncontested election of directors, his or her resignation will be considered by our Nominating/Governance Committee and our Board.
We believe that the Majority Voting Policy enhances our accountability to shareholders by formalizing the consequences of a “majority withhold” vote and demonstrating our responsiveness to director election results, while at the same time protecting the long-term interests of the Company and its shareholders.
An “uncontested election” is generally an election in which the number of nominees for election does not exceed the number of Board positions to be filled. In a contested election, the Majority Voting Policy will not apply, and the nominees will be elected by plurality voting.
The Nominating/Governance Committee will consider any director resignation tendered under the policy and recommend to the Board the action to be taken with respect to such resignation. Among other things, the recommendation of the Nominating/Governance Committee may be to accept the resignation or to defer acceptance until a qualified replacement director can be identified and elected to the Board. The Nominating/Governance Committee may also recommend that the resignation be rejected, either: (i) unconditionally; (ii) by addressing what the Nominating/Governance Committee believes to be the underlying reasons for the failure of the director to receive more FOR votes than WITHHELD votes; or (iii) by resolving that the director will not be re-nominated in the future for election.
In considering a tendered resignation, the Nominating/Governance Committee is authorized to consider all factors it deems relevant to the best interests of the Company and its shareholders. The policy contains a non-exclusive list of the factors that may be considered in any particular circumstance.
The Board (excluding the director whose resignation is being considered) will act on the recommendations of the Nominating/Governance Committee no later than 90 days following certification of the shareholder vote. The Board is authorized to consider information and factors which led to the nomination of the director by the Nominating/Governance Committee and any additional factors as the Board deems relevant to the best interests of the Company and its shareholders. Following the Board’s decision, the Company will promptly publicly announce such decision, provide an explanation of the process by which the decision was reached and, if applicable, the reasons for rejecting the tendered resignation.
Director Independence
With the assistance of legal counsel to the Company, the Nominating/Governance Committee has reviewed the applicable legal standards for Board and Board committee member independence. The Nominating/Governance Committee has also reviewed the answers to annual questionnaires completed by each of the directors, which identify any potential director-affiliated transactions.
        The Board then analyzed the independence of each director and determined which directors meet the standards regarding independence established by industry best practices and required by applicable law, regulation and NASDAQ listing standards and whether or not each such director is free of relationships that would interfere with the individual exercise of independent judgment. In determining the independence of each director, the Board considered many factors, including any loans to the
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directors, each of which were made on the same terms as comparable transactions made with persons not related to Glacier, Glacier Bank, or our bank divisions. Such arrangements are discussed in detail under the section entitled “Transactions with Management.”
Based on the standards described above, the Board determined that each of the directors listed in the table below is independent but that Randall M. Chesler, Glacier’s President and CEO, is not independent.
● David C. Boyles● Annie M. Goodwin● Douglas J. McBride
● Sherry L. Cladouhos● Dallas I. Herron● John W. Murdoch
● James M. English● Craig A. Langel● George R. Sutton

Shareholder Communications with the Board of Directors
The Company and the Board welcome communication from shareholders and other interested parties. Communications may be made by writing to the Chairman of the Board, c/o Corporate Secretary, Glacier Bancorp, Inc., 49 Commons Loop, Kalispell, Montana 59901. A copy of any such written communication will also be sent to our CEO. If the Chairman and the CEO determine that such communication is relevant to and consistent with Glacier’s operations and policies, such communication will be forwarded to the entire Board for review and consideration.
MEETINGS AND COMMITTEES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
        The Board met 14 times, five of which were special meetings, during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. Each director attended at least 75% of the meetings of the Board and the committees on which he or she served, during the period that he or she served. We encourage but do not require our directors to attend the annual meeting of the shareholders. Last year, all of our directors attended the annual meeting.
Board Authority for Risk Oversight
The Board has the ultimate authority and responsibility for overseeing risk management at Glacier. Some aspects of risk oversight are fulfilled at the full Board level. For example, the Board regularly receives reports from management – specifically from enterprise risk management – on risk components that impact the operations and reputation of the Company. The Board delegates other aspects of its risk oversight function to certain of its committees.
The Audit Committee oversees financial, accounting and internal control risk management, and legal and regulatory compliance. The director of the Company’s internal audit function reports directly to the Audit Committee. The executive officers regularly report directly to the entire Board and to appropriate Board committees with respect to the risks they are responsible for managing.
        The Compensation Committee oversees the management of risks that may be posed by the Company’s compensation practices and programs. As part of this process, the Compensation Committee is responsible for analyzing the compensation policies and practices for the Named Executive Officers, and all employees. In its review of these policies and practices, the Compensation Committee has determined that the current policies and practices do not create or encourage employees to take risks that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. To further mitigate risks, the Board has also adopted a clawback policy for the recovery of incentive payments to executive officers in certain circumstances.

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The Compliance Committee monitors compliance with federal and state laws associated with the consumer, including the Community Reinvestment Act, which are applicable to the Company, Glacier Bank, and our bank divisions.
        The Risk Oversight Committee oversees the enterprise risk management practices of the Company regarding the identification, measurement, monitoring, and control of the Company’s principal business risks related to strategy, credit, the market and interest rates, liquidity, operations, reputation, and safety and soundness laws and regulations.
Glacier’s independent directors meet in executive session during regularly scheduled meetings of the Board and at other times as required. During 2019, the independent directors met in executive session two times.
Committee Membership
        Throughout this Proxy Statement, we refer to five of the committees established by the Board, and the membership of each is shown in the table below. All of the independent directors were members of all five committees throughout 2019. Mr. Chesler is excluded from the chart since he was not considered an independent director in 2019.
Name
AuditCompensationCompliance
Nominating/
Governance
Risk Oversight
David C. Boyles
   (2)
Sherry L. Cladouhos
   (1)
James M. English
   (1)
Annie M. Goodwin
   (1)
Dallas I. Herron
Craig A. Langel
       (1), (2)
Douglas J. McBride
   (1)
John W. Murdoch
Mark J. Semmens(3)
George R. Sutton
Total Meetings in 2019144988
            
1. Committee Chair during all of 2019.
2. Designated by our Board as “audit committee financial expert” as defined by SEC rules.
3. Mr. Semmens retired from the Board on April 24, 2019.
        Audit Committee. Each Audit Committee member is considered independent as defined by NASDAQ listing standards and applicable SEC rules. Mr. Langel, who serves as Chairman of the Audit Committee, and Mr. Boyles each qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” under SEC rules. The Audit Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board. As part of its periodic review of Audit Committee matters, the Audit Committee has received updates on the relevant requirements of applicable SEC rules and the corporate governance listing standards of NASDAQ.
        The Audit Committee is responsible for the oversight of the quality and integrity of Glacier’s financial statements, its compliance with legal and regulatory requirements, the qualifications and independence of its independent auditors, the performance of its internal audit function and independent auditors, and other significant financial matters. In discharging its duties, the Audit Committee is expected to, among other authority and responsibilities:
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have the sole authority to appoint, retain, compensate, oversee, evaluate and replace the independent auditors;
review and approve the engagement and related fees of Glacier’s independent auditors to perform audit and non-audit services;
meet independently with Glacier’s internal auditing department, independent auditors, management, and the Board;
review the integrity of Glacier’s financial reporting process;
review Glacier’s financial reports and disclosures submitted to bank regulatory authorities;
establish reporting systems to the Audit Committee by each of management, the independent accountants and the internal auditors regarding any significant judgments made in management's preparation of the financial statements;
maintain procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints regarding financial matters;
review the Company’s process for monitoring compliance with laws, regulations and the code of conduct;
review and approve related person transactions; and
determine, in its capacity as a committee of the Board, the appropriate funding necessary to compensate any accounting firm engaged for the purpose of rendering or issuing an audit report or related work or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company.
        Compensation Committee. Each Compensation Committee member is considered independent as defined by NASDAQ listing standards and applicable SEC and IRS rules. The Compensation Committee reviews the performance of the Company’s CEO and other key employees and determines, approves, and reports to the Board on the elements of their compensation and long-term equity-based incentives. In determining the CEO’s compensation, the Compensation Committee evaluates several performance factors including the Company’s financial results and levels of compensation of peer financial institutions. The Compensation Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board. A complete description of the executive compensation process applicable to 2019 is described under the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis.”
        In addition, among other authority and responsibilities, the Compensation Committee:
has the sole discretion to retain or obtain the advice of any advisor, including but not limited to compensation consultants and outside legal counsel after taking into consideration of certain independence factors as specified in the charter;
recommends, if appropriate, new employee benefit plans to the Board;
reviews all employee benefit plans;
makes determinations in connection with compensation matters as may be necessary or advisable;
recommends, if appropriate, revisions to the compensation and benefit arrangements for directors and executive officers; and
provides appropriate funding, as determined by the Committee, for payment of reasonable compensation to a compensation consultant, independent legal counsel or any other adviser retained by the Committee.

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        Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee. Each Nominating/Governance Committee member is considered independent as defined by NASDAQ listing standards. The Nominating/Governance Committee is responsible for the Board composition, director performance and the overall effectiveness of the Board. It is responsible for nominating a slate of directors for election at Glacier’s annual meeting and appointing directors to fill vacancies as they occur. The Nominating/Governance Committee is also responsible for (i) considering management succession plans, the appropriate Board composition and size, and committee structure and appointments; (ii) developing and reviewing corporate governance principles applicable to Glacier, Glacier Bank, and our bank divisions, to align with emerging standards and best practices, and the needs of Glacier and its shareholders; (iii) reviewing and approving all related-party transactions within the scope of Item 404 of SEC Regulation S-K; (iv) overseeing the Company’s efforts in setting and maintaining high standards for corporate social responsibility and reviewing Company performance in environmental, social, and governance (ESG) matters; and (v) making such recommendations to the full Board as the Nominating/Governance Committee considers appropriate. The Nominating/Governance Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board.
        The Nominating/Governance Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders if the recommendations are made in accordance with the procedures described in this Proxy Statement under the section entitled “2021 Shareholder Proposals and Director Nominations.”
In deciding whether or not to recommend incumbent directors for re-nomination, the Nominating/Governance Committee evaluates Glacier’s evolving needs and assesses the effectiveness and contributions of its existing directors. The Nominating/Governance Committee is authorized to establish guidelines for the qualification, evaluation and selection of new directors to serve on the Board. The Nominating/Governance Committee has not adopted, nor does it anticipate adopting, specific qualifications for Nominating/Governance Committee-recommended nominees, nor has the Nominating/Governance Committee adopted a formal policy relating to Board diversity, although the Nominating/Governance Committee and Board value a diversity of backgrounds, professional experience and skills among directors. The Nominating/Governance Committee instead will evaluate each nominee on a case-by-case basis, including assessment of each nominee’s business experience and special skills. The Nominating/Governance Committee will also evaluate whether or not a nominee’s skills are complementary to existing Board members’ skills and the Board’s needs for operational, management, financial, technological or other expertise.
In 2019, our Nominating/Governance Committee conducted an assessment survey of the Board’s performance. All directors were given a comprehensive questionnaire which included topics related to the composition, performance, initiative, and overall effectiveness of the Board and included a director peer review. The Board reviewed the results of the survey at a Board meeting, in executive session, and intends to continue this process annually in the future. The Board’s evaluation includes a review of the Corporate Governance Guidelines and an annual review of its committee charters to consider proposed changes.
Compliance Committee. The Compliance Committee monitors compliance with federal and state laws and the associated regulations applicable to the Company, Glacier Bank, and our bank divisions and reports to the Board on such matters.
The Compliance Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board. In discharging its duties, the Compliance Committee is expected to, among other authority and responsibilities:
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review and discuss with management the Company’s regulatory environment, legal requirements with which the company must comply, and material risk areas;
oversee the development and execution of a plan to monitor and remediate all compliance or fair lending deficiencies identified by the Company, regulators, or third party auditor(s);
review internal and external reports to management prepared by the compliance department or third party, and management’s response;
review and approve proposed responses to regulatory agency examination reports prior to submission of any such response on examinations and ensure that all information requests made by regulatory agencies are accurately and timely addressed;
pre-approve all compliance auditing services to be provided to the Company;
ensure the proper implementation of the Community Reinvestment Act program for the Bank so as to maintain at least a Satisfactory rating; and
review, with legal counsel, any legal matter that could have a significant impact on the Company.
In carrying out its responsibilities and duties, the Compliance Committee will foster an environment that encourages the Compliance Director and all of Company officers and employees to raise any compliance issues or concerns freely and without concern for retribution.
Risk Oversight Committee. The Risk Oversight Committee assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with regard to the Company’s risk management program. Among the responsibilities of the Risk Oversight Committee is to engage management in an ongoing risk-appetite dialogue as conditions and circumstances change and new opportunities arise. The Risk Oversight Committee reviews and approves Glacier’s risk-appetite statement annually and approves any material amendments to the risk-appetite statement. It will also engage with the Bank’s Information Security Officer on the development of the Bank’s information security and cybersecurity programs as the Bank grows and the cyber and information risks change. In carrying out its responsibilities and duties, the Risk Oversight Committee will foster an environment that encourages the Senior Vice President/Enterprise Risk Manager and all Company officers and employees to raise any risk issues or concerns freely and without concern for retribution.
MANAGEMENT
Named Executive Officers Who Are Not Directors
        The following table sets forth information with respect to the Named Executive Officers, who are not directors or nominees for director of Glacier, including employment history for the last five years. All executive officers are appointed annually and serve at the discretion of the Board.
NameAgePositionExecutive Officer Beginning
Don J. Chery57Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer1989
Ron J. Copher62Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Secretary2006
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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
The following section of Compensation Discussion and Analysis describes the compensation that Glacier pays its Named Executive Officers. “Officer” is defined in Rule 16a-1 of the Exchange Act to include those who perform a policy-making function, and the “named executive officers” are defined by Item 402 of Regulation S-K to be the principal executive officer, the principal financial officer, and the other three most highly compensated executive officers, each of whose total compensation for the last fiscal year exceeded $100,000.
For 2019, Glacier had only three Named Executive Officers rather than five because there are only three executive officers who perform a policy-making function for Glacier.
Glacier’s Named Executive Officers for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 were:
NamePosition During 2019
Randall M. CheslerPresident and Chief Executive Officer; Director
Don J. CheryExecutive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer
Ron J. CopherExecutive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, and Secretary

        The following sections include (i) the Compensation Discussion and Analysis; (ii) narrative and tabular disclosures about various compensation programs available to the Named Executive Officers; (iii) the Summary Compensation Table and related tables detailing the compensation of the Named Executive Officers; (iv) narrative and tabular disclosures about the employment agreements with and post-employment and termination benefits payable to the Named Executive Officers; and (v) the Report of the Compensation Committee.
COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
Overview
The following discussion provides an overview and analysis of our Compensation Committee’s philosophy and objectives in designing Glacier’s compensation programs, as well as the compensation determinations and the rationale for those decisions relating to our Named Executive Officers.
This discussion should be read together with the compensation tables for our Named Executive Officers, which can be found following this discussion. Unless otherwise indicated, any references to a particular year in this discussion means the fiscal year ended December 31 of such year.
Executive Summary
2019 Financial and Strategic Highlights
Net income was $211 million, an increase of $28.7 million, or 16%, over the prior year net income of $182 million.
Return on average assets (“ROAA”) and return on equity (“ROE”) remained well above peer averages for the year. ROAA was 1.64% and ROE was 12.01%.
Through a combination of acquisition and organic growth, the Company ended the year with total assets of $13.7 billion, which was an increase of 13% over the prior year.
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The loan portfolio increased organically by $364 million, or 4%, during the year.
Core deposits increased organically by $401 million, or 4%, during the year, contributing to the low cost of funding of 39 basis points.
Net interest income increased by 16% for the year, primarily from increased commercial loan growth.
Net interest margin as a percentage of earning assets, on a tax-equivalent basis, increased to 4.39% from 4.21% in the prior year.
Credit quality further improved as non-performing assets decreased to 0.27% of assets, down from 0.47% in the prior year.
The Company completed the acquisition of Heritage Bancorp, the holding company for Heritage Bank, a community bank in Reno, Nevada, with assets of $978 million.
The Company completed the acquisition of FNB Bancorp, the holding company for the First National Bank of Layton, a community bank in Layton, Utah, with assets of $379 million.
Say-on-Pay Vote
The Compensation Committee evaluates our executive compensation programs in light of market conditions, shareholder interests, and governance considerations and makes changes as appropriate. As required by the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and under Section 14A of the Exchange Act, we held an advisory vote on the compensation of our Named Executive Officers (“Say-on-Pay”) at the 2019 annual shareholder meeting. Our shareholders overwhelmingly approved the compensation of our Named Executive Officers, with approximately 99% of shareholder votes cast in favor of the Say-on-Pay resolution. As the Compensation Committee evaluated our compensation programs in 2019, it took into account our shareholders’ vote of confidence in making changes to our executive compensation program as described below to ensure a continued link of pay to performance.
Executive Compensation Philosophy
The quality and loyalty of our employees, including our executive team, is critical to executing our community banking philosophy, emphasizing personalized service combined with the full resources of a larger banking organization. To meet our primary goal of attracting, retaining and incenting highly qualified and loyal executives and employees within the context of our corporate culture, our compensation programs are designed with the following principles in mind:
We are committed to providing effective compensation and benefit programs that are competitive within our industry and with other relevant organizations with which Glacier, Glacier Bank, and our bank divisions compete for employees.
Our programs are designed to encourage and reward behaviors that ultimately contribute to the achievement of organizational goals.
Our executive officer compensation has a meaningful portion of total compensation opportunity linked to the achievement of short- and long-term goals and delivering increasing shareholder value.
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Pay programs and practices reinforce our commitment to providing a work environment that promotes respect, teamwork, and individual growth opportunities.
Consistent with this overall philosophy, we have designed our executive compensation programs to be relatively straightforward and transparent to shareholders, while providing benefits appealing enough to attract, retain and motivate highly qualified executives.
The Compensation Committee designs our overall compensation program and makes decisions regarding individual executive compensation in the context of a “total compensation policy” that takes into account the overall package of compensation benefits provided to each executive. Our philosophy is to tie a significant percentage of an executive’s compensation to the achievement of Company financial and performance goals. Accordingly, Glacier strives to set base salaries at competitive levels, with an opportunity for each executive to be rewarded through the annual incentive bonus and equity grants if Glacier meets its performance objectives.
The compensation philosophy is reviewed and approved annually by the Compensation Committee. Decisions made by the Compensation Committee and the Board relative to compensation take all current applicable rules, regulations and guidance into consideration and are made with the goal of being compliant with all such requirements.
Role of the Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee operates under a written charter adopted by the Board. The Compensation Committee is responsible for the design, implementation and administration of the compensation programs for our executive officers and directors. When appropriate, the Compensation Committee makes recommendations to the Board on items that require Board approval. Specifically, in 2019, the Compensation Committee:
Monitored incentive programs with a view to avoid creating incentives that could subject the Company to excessive risk;
Reviewed and recommended salary adjustments for Messrs. Chesler, Copher and Chery for Board approval; and
Reviewed and approved the annual and long-term incentive program opportunities and goals.
Role and Relationship of the Compensation Consultant
The Compensation Committee has the sole authority to retain and terminate a compensation consultant and to approve the consultant’s fees and all other terms of the engagement. The Compensation Committee has direct access to outside advisors and consultants throughout the year.
McLagan, a part of Aon plc and an independent compensation consulting firm, has been engaged by, and has reported directly to, the Compensation Committee periodically since 2011 while working on various compensation initiatives. During 2017, McLagan assisted the Compensation Committee to develop a custom Compensation Peer Group and provided related data and reports in connection with, and reviews of, (i) executive officer, officer, and director compensation; (ii) annual and long-term incentive plans; (iii) proxy statement disclosure; and (iv) 401(k) and profit sharing plan contribution practices and levels compared to the market. The results of these analyses were used to establish executive compensation for 2019.

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The Compensation Committee considered the independence of McLagan in light of SEC rules and NASDAQ listing standards. The Compensation Committee requested and received a report from McLagan addressing McLagan’s independence and the independence of the senior advisors involved in the engagement which included (i) other services provided to us by McLagan; (ii) fees paid by us as a percentage of McLagan’s total revenue; (iii) policies or procedures maintained by McLagan that are designed to prevent a conflict of interest; (iv) any business or personal relationships between the senior advisors and any member(s) of the Compensation Committee; (v) any Company stock owned by the senior advisors; and (vi) any business or personal relationships between our executive officers and the senior advisors. The Compensation Committee discussed these considerations and concluded that the work performed by McLagan and McLagan’s senior advisors involved in the engagement did not raise any conflict of interest.
Role of Management
Our CEO performs an annual performance review of executive officers of the Company and provides a recommendation to the Compensation Committee regarding base salary and bonus targets for such persons, which the Compensation Committee has discretion to approve or modify. The Compensation Committee meets separately on an annual basis with our CEO to discuss his compensation. No Named Executive Officers are present for the Compensation Committee’s discussions, deliberations and decisions with respect to their individual compensation. The Compensation Committee then submits a recommendation regarding compensation for all executive officers to the Board for approval.
Risk Review
The Compensation Committee reviewed and discussed a compensation incentive plan review prepared by the Compliance Department during its January 2019 meeting. The Compensation Committee’s conclusion was that our compensation policies and practices do not create risks that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on our business or operations. This risk assessment review included an analysis of the design and operation of the Company’s incentive compensation programs, identifying and evaluating situations or compensation elements that may raise material risks, and an evaluation of other controls and processes designed to identify and manage risk.
Competitive Benchmarking and Compensation Peer Group
The Compensation Peer Group is periodically updated by the Compensation Committee and consists of companies that the Compensation Committee believes are comparable in size, performance and business model to the Company and with which we may compete. In 2017, McLagan conducted an analysis of the Compensation Peer Group with emphasis on factors previously utilized by the Compensation Committee to determine appropriate companies for inclusion, with emphasis on asset size, location, business model and performance as the measures of comparability.
The Compensation Peer Group has been updated periodically since 2012, in each instance with the assistance of McLagan. In 2017, McLagan worked with the Compensation Committee to create the following Compensation Peer Group for the purpose of evaluating executive compensation and to create a multi-year plan to bring compensation closer to market:


21


1st Source Corp.
First Financial BanksharesMB Financial Inc.
BancFirst Corp.First Interstate BancSystemOld National Bancorp
Bank OZKFirst Merchants Corp.Park National Corp.
Banner CorpFirst Midwest Bancorp Inc.Simmons First National Corp.
Chemical Financial Corp.Great Western BancorpUMB Financial Corp.
Columbia Banking System Inc.Heartland Financial USA Inc.Washington Federal Inc.
First Busey Corp.Home BancShares Inc.Western Alliance Bancorp
First Financial Bancorp  

Discussion of Executive Compensation Components
The following table outlines the major elements of 2019 total compensation for the Named Executive Officers:
Compensation ElementPurposeLink to PerformanceFixed / Performance-BasedShort- / Long-Term
Base SalaryHelps attract and retain executives through market-competitive base payBased on individual performance and market practicesFixedShort-Term
Annual Cash Incentive AwardsEncourages achievement of financial performance metrics that create near-term shareholder valueBased on achievement of predefined corporate performance objectives; a portion of Named Executive Officer cash bonuses are deferred on a mandatory basis, with additional performance triggers related to long-term performancePerformance-BasedShort-Term:
Cash

Long-Term:
Mandatory Deferrals
Long-Term Incentive Awards (Restricted Stock Units)Aligns executives’ and shareholders’ long-term interests while creating a retention incentive through multi-year vestingBased on achievement of predefined corporate performance objectivesPerformance-BasedLong-Term
Supplemental Executive Retirement PlanProvides income security into retirementCompetitive practiceFixedLong-Term
Benefits and PerquisitesProvides health and welfare benefits on the same basis as to our general employee population; also provides limited perquisitesCompetitive practiceFixedShort-Term


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Base Salary
Base salary generally is established by the Compensation Committee based on the Named Executive Officer’s performance, experience, competent and effective execution of strategic objectives, and level of responsibilities. Named Executive Officer salaries were increased for 2019 in light of the Compensation Committee’s consideration of the 2017 McLagan compensation report, which indicated that the total compensation of such persons was below the Compensation Peer Group median. In its determination, the Compensation Committee considered the positioning of base salary, against the market, growth and overall financial performance of the Company, responsibilities of each Named Executive Officer and the impact of salary on total compensation positioning of the Compensation Peer Group.
Named Executive Officer2018 Salary ($)2019 Salary ($)Increase (%)
Randall M. Chesler$721,350$759,5595.30%
Ron J. Copher$407,357$419,6983.03%
Don J. Chery$337,135$356,8735.85%

Annual Incentive Bonus
The short-term incentive program (“STIP”) for 2019 is designed (i) to motivate executives to attain superior annual performance in key areas we believe create long-term value to Glacier and its shareholders and (ii) to provide incentive compensation opportunities competitive with those in the Compensation Peer Group.
The STIP and its goals are reviewed annually by the Compensation Committee. The 2019 STIP opportunities as a percentage of salary for each of the Named Executive Officers and 2019 results are shown below. The target award opportunities were increased in 2019 from the 2018 levels of 60%, 40% and 40% of salary for the CEO, CFO and CAO, respectively, to be more closely aligned with the market median.


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PositionAnnual Incentive Program
Opportunity Levels as a % of
Base Salary
Actual Earned
(%)
Actual Earned
($)
ThresholdTargetMaximum
President & CEO0%65%98%83%$525,707
CFO0%45%68%57%$210,506
CAO0%45%68%57%$148,491
To maintain focus on long-term Company performance and discourage excessive risk taking, the Compensation Committee established that incentive awards earned for 2019 performance were subject to a mandatory deferral, with 50% paid in February 2020, 25% to be paid in March 2021 and 25% to be paid in March 2022. This mandatory deferral program continues the practice implemented in prior years with
respect to incentive awards, which serves to balance risk in the incentive plan and place an emphasis on the longer-term performance of the Company. Payment of deferrals in 2021 and 2022 are triggered by meeting the following minimum performance conditions over the deferral period:
NPAs / Total Subsidiary Assets better than 1.20%; and
Must meet eligibility requirements outlined in the STIP program document.
Performance goals were established in 2019 to balance Company focus on profitability, credit quality, and growth. Goals are reviewed and approved annually by the Board with input from management. The table below shows the goals and corresponding results for 2019:
Short-Term Incentive ProgramThresholdTargetMaximumActual ResultResult % of TargetWeighted % of Target
Performance AreaWeight80%100%115%
Return on Tangible Equity20.00%12.64%15.80%18.17%116.07%101.71%20.34%
Non-performing Assets / Total Subsidiary Assets20.00%0.90%0.75%0.64%.29%115.00%23.00%
Net DDA Growth (# of accounts)20.00%3.00%4.00%5.00%4.76%111.40%22.28%
Efficiency Ratio20.00%57.00%54.50%52.00%54.43%100.42%20.08%
Net Interest Margin20.00%4.10%4.25%4.40%4.37%112.00%22.40%

100.00%



Overall Performance:108.10%
The goals were selected in light of Glacier’s strategic plan, key initiatives, and the need to balance risks in executive compensation arrangements. The 2019 goals represent metrics addressing key areas of the Company’s performance including profitability, credit and asset quality, and growth in assets and the customer base. The goals were established based on the expectation that 2019 performance
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results would reflect an increase over 2018 results. The goals exclude the impact of acquisitions during 2019.
Long-term Incentives
The long-term incentive program (“LTIP”) is designed to reward executives for performance results relative to Company objectives while aligning the interests of our executives with those of our shareholders. The LTIP provides executives the opportunity to increase their ownership in Glacier while at the same time creating a retention vehicle through the use of a multi-year vesting period.
The 2019 long-term incentive awards consist solely of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) that vest in equal installments on each of the first three anniversaries of the grant date, subject to the executive’s continued employment. RSUs were chosen because they provide the desired retention incentive for executives while also aligning the executives’ interests with those of shareholders without encouraging excessive risk taking. In addition, RSUs deliver value reflecting the long-term performance of the Company.
Once the level of performance for the 2019 LTIP awards was determined based on 2018 performance, RSUs with a grant date fair value (based on market price of Glacier’s common stock on the grant date) equal to the dollar amount calculated by multiplying the target amount of salary by the actual performance percentages were granted on February 15, 2019.
Target long-term awards granted in 2019, based on performance in 2018, as a percentage of salary for each of the Named Executive Officers are shown below.
PositionLong-Term Incentive Program
Opportunity Levels as a % of
Base Salary
Actual Earned
ThresholdTargetMaximum
President & CEO0%60%90%74%
CFO and CAO0%40%60%49%
The LTIP goals were selected in light of Glacier’s long-term strategic plan, long-term initiatives and the need to balance risks in executive compensation arrangements. The 2018 goals represent metrics addressing key areas of the Company’s performance including return on equity, earnings per share, and total shareholder return.
        Goals are reviewed and approved annually by the Board with input from management. The LTIP goals for awards made in 2019, based on performance in 2018, exclude the impact of acquisitions during 2018.

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Long-Term Incentive Program
ThresholdTargetMaximumActual ResultResult % of TargetWeighted % of Target
Performance AreaWeight80%100%115%
Return on Tangible Equity45.00%12.00%15.00%17.25%15.71%104.73%47.13%
Diluted Earnings per Share45.00%$1.80$2.00$2.20$2.10107.50%48.38%
Total Shareholder Return10.00%25.00%50.00%75.00%95.45%115.00%11.50%

100.00%



Overall Performance107.01%
The LTIP provides that, regardless of how relative total shareholder return compares to the KBW Regional Banking Index at the end of a period, if the total shareholder return is negative, the highest possible LTIP award for this goal will be made at the “target” level.
Profit Sharing and 401(k) Plan
The Named Executive Officers participate in the Glacier Profit Sharing and 401(k) Plan (the “Profit Sharing Plan”), which includes a 3% safe harbor contribution plus a discretionary contribution. The Profit Sharing Plan includes a trigger for the discretionary contribution, which is set equal to the 2019 STIP qualifier of NPAs / Total Subsidiary Assets no greater than 2%. The Company considered return on tangible equity (“ROTE”) as a primary metric in determining its discretionary contribution. Based on ROTE of 16.15% (which for purposes of the Profit Sharing Plan includes the impact of acquisitions during 2019), the 2019 discretionary contribution was 8%.
Retirement Benefits
As part of our total compensation policy, we offer executives the opportunity to participate in both a tax-deferred compensation plan and a Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (“SERP”). Each of our Named Executive Officers is a participant in the SERP. The SERP is intended to supplement payments due to participants upon retirement under our other qualified plans.
The deferred compensation plan allows certain Company and bank division executives to defer a portion of their salary and bonus and thereby defer tax payable on that income. Participation in these plans is elective. Terms of the deferred compensation plans and the Named Executive Officer SERP are described under the section entitled “Post-Employment and Termination Benefits.”
Termination and Change-in-Control Benefits
As an additional part of our total compensation policy, we have entered into employment agreements with our Named Executive Officers that allow for continuation of current base salary upon termination without cause or upon termination under certain circumstances following a change-in-control of the Company. These arrangements are intended to retain our executives who could have other employment opportunities that may appear to them to be less risky absent these arrangements.
The change-in-control arrangements in our executive officer employment agreements are “double trigger,” meaning that benefits are not awarded upon a change-in-control unless the executive’s employment is terminated without cause or for good reason within a specified period of time following the transaction.

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The terms of these agreements are described under the section entitled “Post-Employment and Termination Benefits.” That section also contains tables showing the amounts that the Named Executive Officers would have received if their employment had terminated on December 31, 2019 in connection with a change-in-control.
Other General Employee Benefits
Executive officers are eligible to participate in all employee benefit plans that are available to eligible employees generally, including health, life, and disability insurance.
Other Arrangements
The Board and the Compensation Committee have established additional policies to ensure the overall compensation structure is responsive to shareholder interests and competitive with the market. These specific policies are summarized below.
Discussion of Option and Restricted Stock Award Grant Timing
The Company does not have a written policy as to when equity awards are granted during the year. In recent years, the Compensation Committee and Board have met in January of each year to consider the award of stock options, restricted shares, RSUs and fully vested shares of our common stock to directors, executives and other officers with the grants being made in February. The Company does not backdate or grant equity awards retroactively and does not coordinate equity grants with the release of positive or negative corporate news.
At the 2015 annual meeting, the Company’s shareholders approved the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (“2015 Equity Plan”) and the 2015 Short Term Incentive Plan (“2015 Short Term Incentive Plan”) to allow for performance-based compensation to executive officers. The 2015 Equity Plan does not permit the award of discounted options or the repricing of stock options. Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Equity Plan, option exercise prices are determined based on the closing price of our common stock on the grant date, or if shares were not traded on the grant date, then on the nearest preceding trading day.
COMPENSATION TABLES
The following table shows compensation paid to or accrued by the Named Executive Officers for the last three fiscal years.

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Summary Compensation Table
Name and
Principal Position
YearSalary
($)
Stock Awards
($) (1)
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation
($)
Change in Pension Value and Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($) (8)
All Other Compensation
($) (9)
Total
($)
Randall M. Chesler,
President and CEO
2019
2018
2017
$758,105
720,425
676,423
$534,283 (2)
472,226 (3)
205,487 (4)
$525,707 (5)
486,292 (6)
353,876 (7)
$150,037
119,772
59,841
$40,043
60,474
47,133
$2,008,175
1,859,189
1,342,760
Ron J. Copher,
EVP, CFO, and Secretary
2019
2018
2017
419,228
406,867
391,250
201,079 (2)
161,549 (3)
142,257 (4)
210,506 (5)
207,242 (6)
201,323 (7)
63,317
58,149
42,553
37,000
42,003
35,113
931,130
875,810
812,496
Don J. Chery,
EVP and CAO
2019
2018
2017
356,118
336,730
323,805
166,430 (2)
133,722 (3)
117,715 (4)
148,491 (5)
171,517 (6)
167,575 (7)
47,838
43,190
25,577
37,360
41,145
37,459
756,237
726,304
672,131
           
(1)Represents the grant date fair value of the RSU awards. The fair value of these awards was determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. Assumptions used to calculate these amounts are set forth in the notes to the Company’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2019, included in the Company’s accompanying Annual Report.
(2)The fair market value of the RSU awards granted in 2019 is based on the per-share price of Glacier’s common stock at the close of business on February 15, 2019 ($43.15), the date on which the awards were granted. The awards vest in three equal annual installments beginning February 15, 2020.
(3)The fair market value of the RSU awards granted in 2018 is based on the per-share price of Glacier’s common stock at the close of business on February 15, 2018 ($39.81), the date on which the awards were granted. The awards vest in three equal annual installments beginning February 15, 2019.
(4)The fair market value of the RSU awards granted in 2017 is based on the per-share price of Glacier’s common stock at the close of business on February 15, 2017 ($36.74). The date on which the awards were granted. The awards vest in three equal annual installments beginning February 15, 2018.
(5)Represents the performance-based cash bonus that was paid in 2020 pursuant to the STIP. The bonus amount is payable 50% in 2020, 25% in 2021, and 25% in 2022. The deferred portions of the cash bonus are payable only upon the satisfaction of certain requirements as described in the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis – Annual Incentive Bonus.” Based on 2019 results, the total bonus earned by Mr. Chesler was $486,292, Mr. Copher was $207,242, and Mr. Chery was $120,062.
(6)Represents the performance-based cash bonus that was paid in 2019 pursuant to the STIP. The bonus amount is payable 50% in 2019, 25% in 2020, and 25% in 2021. The deferred portions of the cash bonus are payable only upon the satisfaction of certain requirements as described in the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis – Annual Incentive Bonus.” Based on 2018 results, the total bonus earned by Mr. Chesler was $553,303, Mr. Copher was $208,246, and Mr. Chery was $172,348.
(7)Represents the performance-based cash bonus that was paid in 2018 pursuant to the STIP. The bonus amount is payable 50% in 2018, 25% in 2019, and 25% in 2020. The deferred portions of the cash bonus are payable only upon the satisfaction of certain requirements as described in the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis – Annual Incentive Bonus.” Based on 2017 results, the total bonus earned by Mr. Chesler was $576,943, Mr. Copher was $219,294, and Mr. Chery was $181,491.
(8)The amount represents the increase in the actuarial present value of accumulated benefit under Glacier’s SERP, the material terms of which are described below under the section entitled “Post-Employment and Termination Benefits – Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan” and above-market earnings on nonqualified deferred compensation. Earnings are credited at one-half of the Company’s current year return on average equity.
(9)Amounts reported for 2019 that represent “All Other Compensation” for each of the Named Executive Officers are described in the table below.

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Name401(k) Matching Contribution
($)
Profit Sharing Contribution
($)
Other
($)
Total
($)
Randall M. Chesler$12,500$24,500
$3,043 (1)
$40,043
Ron J. Copher$7,656$29,344--$37,000
Don J. Chery$9,760$27,240
$360 (2)
$37,360
          
(1)Represents costs associated with an automobile for business use. The Named Executive Officer may have derived some personal benefit from the use of such automobile.
(2)Represents health rewards for completing the Company’s wellness program.

Grants of Plan-Based Awards
Name
Estimated Future Payouts Under Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards (1)

ThresholdTargetMaximumGrant DateAll Other Stock Awards: Number of Shares of Stock or UnitsGrant Date Fair Value of Stock Awards
($)($)($)

(#)($)
Randall M. Chesler$492,768$739,153



RSU (2)



2/15/201912,382$534,283
Ron J. Copher$188,653$282,979



RSU (2)



2/15/20194,660$201,079
Don J. Chery$160,253$240,379



RSU (2)



2/15/20193,857$166,430
          
(1) These amounts represent ranges of the possible performance-based cash bonuses that could have been paid based on 2019 results pursuant to the STIP. The actual bonuses paid are displayed under the column entitled “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” within the Summary Compensation Table. The incentive target level is determined as the aggregate dollar amount derived from the Named Executive Officers’ target bonuses expressed as a percent of annual salary. This target percentage is currently 65% for Mr. Chesler and 45% for each of Messrs. Copher and Chery. The maximum incentive is 98% for Mr. Chesler and 68% for each of Messrs. Copher and Chery. The STIP is further described in the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis – Annual Incentive Bonus.”
(2) These amounts represent the equity awards in 2019 for performance in 2018 pursuant to grants of RSUs under the LTIP on February 15, 2019.


29


Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End
The following table presents information concerning RSUs that have vested under equity incentive plan awards as of December 31, 2019 for each Named Executive Officer of the Company.
NameStock Awards
Number of Shares or Units of Stock that Have Not Vested
(#)

Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock that Have Not Vested
($) (1)
Randall M. Chesler
1,865 (2)

$85,771

7,908 (3)

363,689

12,382 (4)

569,448
Ron J. Copher
1,291 (2)

59,373

2,706 (5)

124,449

4,660 (6)

214,313
Don J. Chery
1,068 (2)

49,117

2,240 (7)

103,018

3,857 (8)

177,383
            
(1)Amounts shown are calculated using $45.99, the per-share price of Glacier’s common stock at the close of business on December 31, 2019.
(2)The unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020.
(3)3,954 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; and 3,954 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021.
(4)4,128 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; 4,128 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021; and 4,126 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2022.
(5)1,353 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; and 1,353 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021.
(6)1,554 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; 1,554 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021; and 1,552 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2022.
(7)1,120 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; and 1,120 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021.
(8)1,286 of the unvested RSUs vested on February 15, 2020; 1,286 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2021; and 1,285 of the unvested RSUs will vest on February 15, 2022.

Option Exercises and Stock Vested
        The following table presents information concerning the vesting of RSUs during 2019 for each Named Executive Officer of the Company:

Stock Awards
Name
Number of Shares Acquired on
Vesting (#)
Value Realized on Vesting
($)
Randall M. Chesler12,229$518,713
Ron J. Copher4,443$191,715
Don J. Chery3,717$160,389

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Director and Employee Plans
Equity Award Plans
        At the 2015 annual meeting, Glacier’s shareholders approved the 2015 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2015 Equity Plan”). The 2015 Equity Plan provides for awards of stock-based incentive compensation to eligible employees, consultants, and directors of the Company or its affiliates. Shares of Glacier common stock are issuable under the 2015 Equity Plan in the form of stock options, share appreciation rights, restricted shares, RSUs, unrestricted shares, and performance awards.
The 2015 Equity Plan is effective for ten years and limits the grant of equity awards to any one eligible person to a maximum of 50,000 shares in a calendar year. The maximum number of shares subject to all awards to any non-employee director in a calendar year is 5,500. The aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the 2015 Equity Plan is 2,500,000, of which 281,972 have been issued, 11,111 have been forfeited and 2,041,367 remain available for issuance at December 31, 2019.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The table below provides information regarding our equity compensation plans, including 2015 Equity Plan and the plans acquired in acquisitions.
Plan Category(a)
Number of Securities to be Issued Upon Exercise of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
(#)
(b)
Weighted-Average Exercise Price of Outstanding Options, Warrants and Rights
($)
(c)
Number of Securities Remaining Available for Future Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans (excluding securities reflected in column (a))
(#)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
176,661 (1)
(2)
2,041,367
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders (3)
(1)Represents shares subject to RSUs issued under the 2015 Equity Plan.
(2)RSUs do not have an exercise price.
(3)An aggregate of 83,465 shares are issuable upon exercise of options assumed in connection with the acquisitions of Columbine Capital Corp. in January 2018 and Heritage Bancorp of Nevada in July 2019. The weighted-average exercise price of the assumed options is $19.61. No shares are available for future grants under the acquired plans.

Cash Incentive Award Program
        The Company has maintained an annual cash incentive award program as part of our overall compensation structure since 2012, when we adopted a program for our executive officers following the recommendation of our outside compensation consultant. The 2015 Short Term Incentive Plan approved by Glacier’s shareholders at the 2015 annual meeting was designed, among other purposes, to allow the annual cash incentive awards to qualify for the exemption for performance-based compensation from the $1 million cap on tax deductibility under Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code. The exemption was eliminated prospectively under the Tax Act.

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Post-Employment and Termination Benefits
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
Directors and Key Employees. Since December 1995, Glacier has maintained a nonqualified and non-funded deferred compensation plan (“Deferred Plan”) for directors and key employees. The Deferred Plan permits eligible directors and officers of the Company to defer certain income that would otherwise be taxable as earned and paid in the ordinary course. The Deferred Plan was amended in 2005 and 2008 principally in response to the enactment of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code and permits participants to elect cash-out distributions and to make new distribution elections on terms that conform to the restrictions set forth in Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code.
        As amended and restated, the Deferred Plan permits a designated officer or key employee to annually defer up to 50% of his or her salary, as well as up to 100% of any cash bonuses. A non-employee director may elect to have any portion of his or her director’s fees deferred into an account. The amended and restated Deferred Plan also provides that the post-2004 rate of return on deferred compensation accounts will equal 50% of the Company’s return on average equity (whether positive or negative) as of December 31 for such year. This change is expected to limit the Company’s future compensation expense while retaining the Deferred Plan’s performance-based nature.
Of the Company’s Named Executive Officers, only Mr. Chery participates in the Deferred Plan.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
 Executive Contributions in Last FYAggregate Earnings in Last FYAggregate Balance at Last FYE
Name
($) (1)
($) (2)
($)
Don J. Chery$51,455$5,951$57,406
(1)Amount deferred pursuant to the Deferred Plan, which is reported as compensation to the Named Executive Officer.
(2)Earnings on amount deferred under the Deferred Plan are credited at one-half of the Company’s current year return on average equity, or 6.00% in 2019.
        Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan. In December 1995, the Board adopted a nonqualified and nonfunded SERP for executive officers and entered into separate SERP agreements with certain of the executives. The SERP is intended to supplement payments due to participants upon retirement under the Company’s qualified plans. In general, the SERP provides that Glacier will credit each participating executive’s account, on an annual basis, an amount equal to employer contributions that would have otherwise been allocated to the executive’s account under the tax-qualified plans were it not for limitations imposed by the Internal Revenue Code on participation in the Deferred Plan. Payments under the SERP are payable in a lump sum (with respect to Messrs. Copher and Chery) or in five annual installments (with respect to Mr. Chesler). Amounts credited to the executive’s account shall be paid to him on, or beginning on, the first day of the first month immediately following the month upon a payment trigger event, including (i) separation from service; (ii) attainment of age 65; (iii) any of the first five anniversary dates following his separation from service; or (iv) any of the first five anniversary dates following his attainment of age 65. In the event of a change-in-control, the amounts in the individual SERP accounts will be deposited into a trust, and the Company will continue to be obligated to provide for the benefits under the SERP. In the event the executive is terminated for cause (as defined in the SERP agreement), no benefits will be payable to the executive under the SERP, and all obligations of the Company with respect to the executive’s SERP will cease.

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In 2005 and 2008, the SERP was amended principally to mirror the changes described above for the Company’s Deferred Plan; namely, permitting participants to make cash-out elections and new distribution elections and providing that, for years after 2004, the account balance for each participant will be credited with a rate of return that is equal to 50% of the Company’s return on average equity.
Pension Benefits
Name
Plan Name
(1)
Number of Years Credited Service
(#) (2)
Present Value of Accumulated Benefit
($) (3)
Payments During Last Fiscal Year
($)
Randall M. CheslerSERPN/A$363,7190
Ron J. CopherSERPN/A$273,5040
Don J. CherySERPN/A$167,9370
          
(1) The terms of the SERP are described above in the section entitled “Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan.”
(2) There are no minimum service requirements under the SERP.
(3) Based on the amounts accrued through December 31, 2019, in the event the SERP is triggered, the Named Executive Officer could receive a payment in the amount stated in the table (i) payable in five annual installments for Mr. Chesler and (ii) in a lump-sum payment for each of Messrs. Copher and Chery.

2019 Employment Arrangements and Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change-In-Control
        Below are summaries of certain arrangements between the Named Executive Officers and the Company or Glacier Bank. These summaries do not purport to include all of the provisions of the employment agreements with each Named Executive Officer, and this section is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full employment agreements which can be accessed through links in our exhibit index to our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. The terms “Cause,” “Good Reason,” and “Change in Control” are defined in the respective employment agreements with each Named Executive Officer.
Randall M. Chesler
During 2017, Mr. Chesler’s employment was governed by an employment agreement that became effective June 18, 2015, with a term of August 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. A new agreement was entered into effective March 5, 2018, and was amended on February 19, 2020. The employment agreement of Mr. Chesler will continue for a period of two years, and, subject to prior termination in accordance with the employment agreement, will be automatically extended for an additional one-year term from the anniversary date of the Amended Commencement Date unless either the Company or Mr. Chesler gives notice of non-renewal to the other party(ies) at least 120 days prior to a Renewal Date (the “Chesler Employment Agreement”). Mr. Chesler has served as President and CEO of each of Glacier Bank and the Company since January 1, 2017. Capitalized terms used in this section have the meanings ascribed to them in the Chesler Employment Agreement.
The Chesler Employment Agreement provides that, if Mr. Chesler’s employment had been terminated by the Company without Cause or by Mr. Chesler for Good Reason during 2019, Mr. Chesler would have received an amount equal to the greater of (i) the amount of base salary remaining to be paid during the Term or (ii) the amount he would have been entitled to receive under the Bank’s Severance Plan, in equal monthly installments over a period of three (3) years, beginning within thirty (30) days after Mr. Chesler’s separation from service.

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If Mr. Chesler’s employment had been terminated by the Company or its successor without Cause either following the announcement of a Change in Control that subsequently occurred, within two years following a Change in Control, or if Mr. Chesler terminated his employment for Good Reason within two years of a Change in Control, the agreement provides that Mr. Chesler would be entitled to receive an overall amount equal to 2.99 times the compensation (as reportable on his IRS W-2 Form) received by Mr. Chesler from the Company for the most recent calendar year, payable in 36 monthly installments.
The agreement provides that payments to be received by Mr. Chesler would be reduced (i) by any compensation that he received from the Company or its successor following the Change in Control and/or after his termination of employment and (ii) to the extent that any payment or distribution of any type would constitute an “excess parachute payment” as defined in Section 280(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Total Payments will be reduced to the largest amount that will result in no portion of those payments being subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code.
In addition, the agreement includes a prohibition on competing with the Company or its subsidiaries during the term of the agreement and for a three-year period following his termination of employment.
Ron J. Copher
During 2017, Mr. Copher’s employment was governed by an employment agreement that became effective January 1, 2017. The agreement terminated December 31, 2017, and a new agreement was entered into effective March 5, 2018 and was amended on February 19, 2020. The employment agreement of Mr. Copher will continue for a period of two years, and, subject to prior termination in accordance with the employment agreement, will be automatically extended for an additional one-year term from the anniversary date of the Amended Commencement Date unless either the Company or Mr. Copher gives notice of non-renewal to the other party(ies) at least 120 days prior to a Renewal Date (the “Copher Employment Agreement”). Except as described below, the provisions of the Copher Employment Agreement are substantially the same as those within the Chesler Employment Agreement.
The Copher Employment Agreement provides that, if Mr. Copher’s employment had been terminated by the Company without Cause or by Mr. Copher for Good Reason during 2019, Mr. Copher would have received an amount equal to the greater of (i) the amount of base salary remaining to be paid during the Term or (ii) the amount he would have been entitled to receive under the Bank’s Severance Plan, in equal monthly installments over a period that is the greater of the remaining period of the Term or two (2) years after the termination of Mr. Copher’s employment, payable in 24 monthly installments.
If Mr. Copher’s employment had been terminated by the Company or its successor without Cause either following the announcement of a Change in Control that subsequently occurred, within two years following a Change in Control, or if Mr. Copher terminated his employment for Good Reason within two years of a Change in Control, the agreement provides that Mr. Copher would be entitled to receive an overall amount equal to two (2) times the compensation (as reportable on his IRS W-2 Form) received by Mr. Copher from the Company for the most recent calendar year, payable in 24 monthly installments.
In addition, the agreement includes a prohibition on competing with the Company or its subsidiaries during the term of the agreement and for a two-year period following his termination of employment.
Don J. Chery
The material terms of the 2018 employment agreement, and as amended on February 19, 2020, for Mr. Chery are the same as those for Mr. Copher.

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Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control
The table below shows the maximum amounts that could have been paid to each Named Executive Officer in 2019 under his respective agreement. The following information is based on the executive’s compensation at December 31, 2019 and assumes the triggering event occurred on December 31, 2019. Capitalized terms used in this section have the meanings ascribed to them in the respective executive’s employment agreement.
Randall M. CheslerTermination by Company for Cause or by Executive without Good Reason
($)
Termination
by Company without Cause or by Executive for Good Reason
($)
Death
($)
Disability
($)
Change-In-Control Termination
($) (1)
Retirement
($)
Employment Agreement$–$292,138$–$–
$5,280,223 (2)
$–
Benefits Payable under SERP (3)
363,719363,719363,719363,719363,719
Profit Sharing Plan24,50024,50024,50024,50024,50024,500
Accrued Vacation (4)
51,70851,70851,70851,70851,70851,708
Life Insurance (5)
50,000

STIP525,707525,707525,707525,707
LTIP (RSU Accelerated Vesting) (6)
1,062,8591,062,8591,062,859
TOTAL$76,208$1,257,772$2,078,493$2,028,493$6,783,009$965,634
           
(1)Represents payments in the event of termination (i) by the Company without Cause within two years of a Change in Control; (ii) by the Company without Cause before a Change in Control and within six months of termination if a Change in Control occurs; or (iii) Mr. Chesler terminates his employment with Good Reason within two years of a Change in Control. To the extent that any payment or distribution of any type would constitute an “excess parachute payment” as defined in Section 280(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Total Payments will be reduced to the largest amount that will result in no portion of those payments being subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code. The amount shown does not reflect any adjustment that would be made in this regard.
(2)Beginning within 30 days after a termination following Change in Control; payable in 36 substantially equal monthly payments.
(3)Payable in five annual installments.
(4)Based on accrued hours times hourly pay rate.
(5)Paid by a third party upon death.
(6)Pursuant to the LTIP program document and/or 2015 Equity Plan, Mr. Chesler’s unvested RSUs would vest immediately only upon his death, disability, or termination following a Change in Control.

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Ron J. CopherTermination by Company for Cause or by Executive without Good Reason
($)
Termination
by Company without Cause or by Executive for Good Reason
($)
Death
($)
Disability
($)
Change-In-Control Termination
($) (1)
Retirement
($)
Employment Agreement$–$258,276$–$–
$1,583,694 (2)
$–
Benefits Payable under SERP (3)
273,504273,504273,504273,504273,504
Profit Sharing Plan29,34429,34429,34429,34429,34429,344
Accrued Vacation (4)
32,28432,28432,28432,28432,28432,284
Life Insurance (5)
50,000

STIP210,506210,506210,506210,506
LTIP
(RSU Accelerated
Vesting) (6)
416,184416,184416,184
TOTAL$61,628$803,914$1,011,822$961,822$2,335,010$545,638
           
(1)Represents payments in the event of termination (i) by the Company without Cause within two years of a Change in Control; (ii) by the Company without Cause before a Change in Control and within six months of termination if a Change in Control occurs; or (iii) Mr. Chesler terminates his employment with Good Reason within two years of a Change in Control. To the extent that any payment or distribution of any type would constitute an “excess parachute payment” as defined in Section 280(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Total Payments will be reduced to the largest amount that will result in no portion of those payments being subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code. The amount shown does not reflect any adjustment that would be made in this regard.
(2)Beginning within 30 days after a termination following Change in Control; payable in 24 substantially equal monthly payments.
(3)Payable in a lump sum.
(4)Based on accrued hours times hourly pay rate.
(5)Paid by a third party upon death.
(6)Pursuant to the LTIP program document and/or 2015 Equity Plan, Mr. Copher’s unvested RSUs would vest immediately only upon his death, disability, or termination following a Change in Control.

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Don J. CheryTermination by Company for Cause or by Executive without Good Reason
($)
Termination
by Company without Cause or by Executive for Good Reason
($)
Death
($)
Disability
($)
Change-In-Control Termination
($) (1)
Retirement
($)
Employment Agreement$–$356,873$–$–
$1,217,312 (2)
$–
Benefits Payable under SERP (3)
167,937167,937167,937167,937167,937
Profit Sharing Plan27,24027,24027,24027,24027,24027,240
Accrued Vacation (4)
17,81417,81417,81417,81417,81417,814
Life Insurance (5)
50,000
STIP148,491148,491148,491148,491
LTIP
(RSU Accelerated
Vesting) (6)
344,456344,456344,456344,456344,456
TOTAL$45,054$1,062,811$755,938$705,938$1,774,759$705,938
           
(1)Represents payments in the event of termination (i) by the Company without Cause within two years of a Change in Control; (ii) by the Company without Cause before a Change in Control and within six months of termination if a Change in Control occurs; or (iii) Mr. Chesler terminates his employment with Good Reason within two years of a Change in Control. To the extent that any payment or distribution of any type would constitute an “excess parachute payment” as defined in Section 280(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, the Total Payments will be reduced to the largest amount that will result in no portion of those payments being subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Internal Revenue Code. The amount shown does not reflect any adjustment that would be made in this regard.
(2)Beginning within 30 days after a termination following Change in Control; payable in 24 substantially equal monthly payments.
(3)Payable in a lump sum.
(4)Based on accrued hours times hourly pay rate.
(5)Paid by a third party upon death.
(6)Pursuant to the LTIP program document and/or 2015 Equity Plan, and the “Rule of 80,” Mr. Chery’s unvested RSUs would vest immediately upon his death, disability, retirement, or termination following a Change in Control.


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CEO Compensation Pay Ratio
As required by Item 402(u) of Regulation S-K, we are providing the following information for 2019, which is our last completed fiscal year:
The median of the annual total compensation of all Glacier employees (other than Mr. Chesler, our President and CEO), was $47,566; and
The annual total compensation of Mr. Chesler was $2,008,175.
Based on this information, the ratio for 2019 of the annual total compensation of our CEO to the median of the annual total compensation of all employees is 42 to 1.
The pay ratio reported above is a reasonable estimate calculated in a manner consistent with SEC rules based on our internal records and the methodology described below. Because the SEC rules for identifying the median compensated employee and calculating the pay ratio based on that employee’s annual total compensation allow companies to adopt a variety of methodologies, to apply certain exclusions, and to make reasonable estimates and assumptions that reflect their employee populations and compensation practices, the pay ratio reported by other companies may not be comparable to the pay ratio reported above, as other companies have different employee populations and compensation practices and may utilize different methodologies, exclusions, estimates and assumptions in calculating their own pay ratios.
We completed the following steps to identify the median of the annual total compensation of all our employees and to determine the annual total compensation of our median employee and CEO:
The median employee was identified for 2019 based on the employee population on December 31, 2019, which consisted of all full-time, part-time, temporary, and seasonal employees employed on that date.
To find the median of the annual total compensation of all our employees (other than our CEO), we used wages from our payroll records as reported to the Internal Revenue Service on Form W-2 for the fiscal year 2019. In making this determination, we annualized the compensation of full-time and part-time permanent employees who were employed on December 31, 2019 but who did not work for us the entire year. No full-time equivalent adjustments were made for part-time employees.
We identified our median employee using this compensation measure and methodology, which was consistently applied to all employees who were included in the calculation.
We reviewed 2019 compensation for this median employee, which was calculated by adding together all elements of this employee’s compensation for 2019 in accordance with the requirements of Item 402(c)(2)(x) of Regulation S-K, resulting in annual total compensation of $47,566.
With respect to the annual total compensation of our CEO, we used the amount reported in the “Total” column of our 2019 Summary Compensation Table.
COMPENSATION OF DIRECTORS
        The Compensation Committee has authority over director compensation subject to the Board’s authority to approve changes. Our directors receive cash compensation and stock awards. Glacier does not
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pay directors who are also employees of the Company additional compensation for their service as directors.
        In 2019, the Compensation Committee engaged McLagan to conduct a competitive assessment of our Board of Director compensation program. McLagan analyzed board of director compensation practices of our 2019 peer group, and compared our Board compensation program to these practices. The results of the assessment showed that our individual director compensation was below the 50th percentile compared to the peer group and total aggregate director compensation was lower than all of the peers. Based on these findings, the Compensation Committee determined that it was appropriate and in line with market practices to increase certain Board compensation for fiscal year 2020, effective January 1, 2020. Specifically, a) the annual director cash retainer was increased $6,000 to $50,000; b) the annual director equity retainer was increased $15,000 to $50,000; c) the annual Board chair retainer was increased $5,000 to $40,000; and d) the annual retainer for the chairs of the Audit, Compensation, Nominating & Governance and Risk committees increased $3,000 to $10,000. These changes in compensation position our 2020 individual director compensation near but below the 50th percentile and total aggregate director compensation below the 25th percentile compared to the 2019 peer group. No other changes to Board of Director compensation were made for 2020.
The following table shows compensation paid or accrued for 2019 to Glacier’s non-employee directors. These directors also serve on the board of directors of Glacier Bank. Mr. Chesler is not included in the table as he was an employee of Glacier in 2019 and thus received no compensation for his services as a director. The footnotes to the table describe the details of each form of compensation paid to directors.
Director Compensation Table


Name
Fees Earned or Paid in Cash
($)
Stock
Awards
($)

Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings
($)
All Other Compensation
($)


Total
($)


(1)
(2) (3)
(4)

(5)
David C. Boyles$44,000$52,557$ –
$17,600 (6)
$114,157
Sherry L. Cladouhos51,00035,03813,39599,433
James M. English51,00035,038
20,440 (7)
106,478
Annie M. Goodwin51,00035,03886,038
Dallas I. Herron
79,000 (8)
35,03819,970134,008
Craig A. Langel51,00035,03886,038
Douglas J. McBride51,00035,03827,504
11,500 (9)
125,042
John W. Murdoch44,00035,03820,434

99,472
Mark J. Semmens
14,667(10)
35,0381,82151,526
George R. Sutton44,00035,03879,038
Total$480,667$367,899$83,124$49,540$981,230
          
(1)Directors are paid an annual retainer of $44,000, and committee chairpersons are paid an annual retainer of $7,000.
(2)Represents the grant date fair value of the stock awards, based on the per-share price of Glacier’s common stock at the close of business on February 15, 2019 ($43.15), the date on which the stock awards were granted. The fair value of these awards was determined in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. Assumptions used to calculate these amounts are set forth in the notes to the Company’s audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, included in the Company’s accompanying Annual Report.

39


(3)The stock awards were fully vested at the time of grant.
(4)The amount represents the above-market earnings on nonqualified deferred compensation. Earnings are credited at one-half of the Company’s current year ROE.
(5)Amount includes all Board and committee chairperson fees earned or deferred in 2019.
(6)Amount reflects fees earned for service as an advisory board member for Collegiate Peaks Bank, a division of Glacier Bank.
(7)Amount reflects fees earned for service as an advisory board member for Mountain West Bank, a division of Glacier Bank.
(8)Amount includes $35,000 for service as Chairman of the Board.
(9)Amount reflects fees earned for service as advisory board member for Western Security Bank, a division of Glacier Bank.
(10)Amount reflects fees earned for service through April 24, 2019 when Mr. Semmens retired from the Board.

Director Equity Compensation
        Directors’ Stock Awards
        Equity awards for 2019, as set forth in the Director Compensation Table above, were made to non-employee directors in February 2019 under Glacier’s 2015 Plan.
REPORT OF COMPENSATION COMMITTEE
        The Compensation Committee of the board of directors makes the following report which, notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in any of the Company’s filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, will not be incorporated by reference into any such filings and will not otherwise be deemed to be proxy soliciting materials or to be filed under such Acts.
The Compensation Committee of the Company has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis (“CD&A”) as required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management, and, based on that review and those discussions, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board that the CD&A be included as part of this Proxy Statement and 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Compensation Committee Members
Sherry L. Cladouhos (Chairman) David C. Boyles James M. English
Annie M. Goodwin Dallas I. Herron Craig A. Langel Douglas J. McBride
John W. Murdoch Mark J. Semmens* George R. Sutton
              
*Mr. Semmens retired from the Board on April 24, 2019

PROPOSAL NO. 2
ADVISORY (NON-BINDING) VOTE
ON EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Our shareholders are entitled to vote to approve, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the compensation of our Named Executive Officers as disclosed in this Proxy Statement in accordance with Section 14A of the Exchange Act. At the 2017 annual meeting, as recommended by the Board,
40


shareholders voted on an advisory (non-binding) basis to hold such an advisory (non-binding) vote, also known as the Say-on-Pay vote, annually.
Accordingly, we are providing you the opportunity as a shareholder to endorse or not endorse our executive compensation programs through an advisory vote for or against the following non-binding resolution:
“RESOLVED, that the Company’s shareholders APPROVE, on an advisory (non-binding) basis, the compensation paid to the Company’s Named Executive Officers, as disclosed pursuant to Item 402 of Regulation S-K and including the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, compensation tables, and related narrative discussion in the proxy statement.”
We invite you to consider the details of our executive compensation programs provided under the section entitled “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” in this Proxy Statement. That section provides you with information about the structure of our executive compensation program and the objectives that our compensation program is intended to achieve.
Because your vote is advisory, it will not be binding upon the Board. However, the Compensation Committee values the opinions that our shareholders express in their votes and will take into account the outcome of the vote when considering future executive compensation arrangements.
The proposal to approve the advisory (non-binding) vote on executive compensation requires the affirmative vote FOR of a majority of the shares present and voting on this matter.
The Board unanimously recommends a vote FOR approval of the compensation of Glacier’s Named Executive Officers as described in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the accompanying compensation tables, and the related narrative discussion in this Proxy Statement.

AUDITORS
Fees Paid to Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
         BKD, LLP was selected by the Company to serve as the Company’s independent public accountants for the 2019 fiscal year, and the shareholders of the Company ratified the selection at the 2019 annual meeting of shareholders in April 2019. The Company has selected BKD, LLP to serve as the Company’s independent public accountants for the 2020 fiscal year, and the shareholders of the Company are being asked to ratify the selection at the 2020 Annual Meeting.
        The following table sets forth the aggregate fees charged to Glacier by BKD, LLP for audit services rendered in connection with the audited consolidated financial statements and reports for the 2019 and 2018 fiscal years.


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Fee CategoryFiscal 2019% of TotalFiscal 2018% of Total
Audit Fees$1,075,51591.4%$1,005,80896.7%
Audit-Related Fees100,8508.6%34,0253.3%
Tax Fees
All Other Fees
Total Fees$1,176,365100%$1,039,833100.0%

        Audit Fees. Consists of fees billed to Glacier for professional services rendered by BKD, LLP in connection with the audits of the Company’s financial statements, the effectiveness of internal controls over financial accounting, the reviews of financial statements included in Glacier’s Forms 10-Q and Form 10-K, and the services to Glacier in connection with statutory or regulatory filings or engagements.
        Audit-Related Fees. Fees in both 2019 and 2018 include technical accounting research and consultation relating to adoption and implementation of new and revised financial accounting and reporting standards.
        Tax Fees. There were no fees incurred for tax services for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.
        All Other Fees. There were no fees for services not included above for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019 and 2018.
In considering the nature of the services provided by BKD, LLP, the Audit Committee determined that such services are compatible with the provision of independent audit services. The Audit Committee discussed these services with BKD, LLP and Company management to determine that the services are permitted under the rules and regulations concerning auditor independence promulgated by (i) the SEC to implement the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and (ii) the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
Audit Committee Pre-Approval of Audit and Permissible Non-Audit Services of Independent Auditors
        The services performed by BKD, LLP in 2019 were pre-approved in accordance with the pre-approval policy and procedures adopted by the Audit Committee. This policy describes the permitted audit, audit-related, tax, and other services (collectively, “Disclosure Categories”) that BKD, LLP may perform. The policy requires that, prior to the beginning of each fiscal year, a description of the services (“Service List”) expected to be performed by BKD, LLP in each of the Disclosure Categories in the following fiscal year be presented to the Audit Committee for approval.
        Services provided by BKD, LLP during the following year that were included in the Service List were pre-approved following the policies and procedures of the Audit Committee.
        Any requests for audit, audit-related, tax, and other services not contemplated on the Service List must be submitted to the Audit Committee for specific pre-approval, and services cannot commence until such approval has been granted. Normally, pre-approval is provided at regularly scheduled meetings of the Audit Committee. However, the authority to grant specific pre-approval between meetings, as necessary, has been delegated to the Chairman of the Audit Committee. The Chairman of the Audit Committee must update the Audit Committee at the next regularly scheduled meeting of any services that were granted specific pre-approval.
        
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In addition, although not required by the rules and regulations of the SEC, the Audit Committee generally requests a range of fees associated with each proposed service on the Service List and any services that were not originally included on the Service List. Providing a range of fees for a service provides appropriate oversight and control of the independent auditor relationship, while permitting the Company to receive immediate assistance from BKD, LLP when time is of the essence.
        The Audit Committee reviews the status of services and fees incurred year-to-date against the original Service List and the forecast of remaining services and fees for the fiscal year.
REPORT OF AUDIT COMMITTEE
        The Audit Committee of the board of directors makes the following report which, notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in any of our filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, will not be incorporated by reference into any such filings and will not otherwise be deemed to be proxy soliciting materials or to be filed under such Acts.
The Board has determined that the current members of the Audit Committee meet the independence requirements as defined under the NASDAQ listing standards and that each of Craig A. Langel and David C. Boyles qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by SEC rules.
Management has the primary responsibility for the financial statements and the reporting process of the Company, including the systems of internal controls. The Audit Committee is responsible for overseeing Glacier’s financial reporting processes on behalf of the Board.
The Audit Committee has met and held discussions with management and Glacier’s independent auditors. Management represented to the Audit Committee that Glacier’s consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and the Audit Committee has reviewed and discussed the audited consolidated financial statements with management and the independent auditors. The Audit Committee discussed with the independent auditors matters required to be discussed by AS 1301 (Communications with Audit Committees).
The independent auditors of the Company also provided to the Audit Committee the written disclosures and letter required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent auditors’ communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence, and the Audit Committee discussed with the independent auditors the independent auditors’ independence.
Based on the Audit Committee’s review of the audited consolidated financial statements and the various discussions with management and the independent auditors noted above, the Audit Committee recommended that the Board include the audited consolidated financial statements in Glacier’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC.
Audit Committee Members
Craig A. Langel (Chairman) David C. Boyles
Sherry L. Cladouhos James M. English Annie M. Goodwin Dallas I. Herron
Douglas J. McBride John W. Murdoch Mark J. Semmens* George R. Sutton
              
*Mr. Semmens retired from the Board on April 24, 2019.

43


PROPOSAL NO. 3
RATIFICATION OF APPOINTMENT OF INDEPENDENT
REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
BKD, LLP currently serves as our independent registered public accounting firm and conducted the audit of our financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2005 through December 31, 2019. The Audit Committee has appointed BKD, LLP to serve as Glacier’s independent registered public accounting firm to conduct an audit of the financial statements for fiscal year 2020.
Appointment of Glacier’s independent registered public accounting firm is not required to be submitted to a vote of our shareholders for ratification. However, upon the recommendation of the Audit Committee, the Board has determined to submit the selection of auditors to our shareholders for ratification. In the event our shareholders fail to ratify the appointment, the Audit Committee may reconsider whether or not to retain BKD, LLP and may retain BKD, LLP or another firm without re-submitting the matter to our shareholders. Even if the appointment is ratified, the Audit Committee, in its discretion, may direct the appointment of a different independent registered public accounting firm at any time during the year if the Audit Committee determines that such a change would be in Glacier’s and its shareholders’ best interests.
Representatives of BKD, LLP are expected to be present at the Annual Meeting and will have the opportunity to make a statement if they desire to do so. It is also expected that they will be available to respond to appropriate questions.
The Board unanimously recommends a vote FOR the ratification of the appointment of BKD, LLP to serve as Glacier’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020.
OTHER BUSINESS
        The Board knows of no other matters to be brought before the shareholders at the Annual Meeting. If other matters are properly presented for a vote at the Annual Meeting, the proxy holders will vote shares represented by properly executed proxies in their discretion in accordance with their judgment on such matters.
2021 SHAREHOLDER PROPOSALS AND DIRECTOR NOMINATIONS
Shareholder Proposals
        In order for a shareholder proposal to be considered for inclusion in our Proxy Statement for next year’s annual meeting, the written proposal must be received by the Company no later than November 16, 2020 and should contain the information required under our Bylaws. Such proposals also need to comply with the SEC’s regulations regarding the inclusion of shareholder proposals in Company-sponsored proxy materials. Shareholder proposals to be presented at the 2021 annual meeting of shareholders, which are not to be included in the Company’s proxy materials, must also be received by the Company no later than November 16, 2020, in accordance with the Company’s bylaws. A copy of our bylaws may be obtained from the Corporate Secretary or from our SEC filings at www.sec.gov.

44


Director Nominations
        Glacier’s Bylaws provide for the nomination of director candidates by its shareholders. In order to nominate one or more persons for election as directors, you must give written notice of your intent to make such nomination(s) by personal delivery or by U.S. mail, postage prepaid, no later than November 16, 2020. In addition, the notice must meet all other requirements contained in our Bylaws. Such notice should be sent to the attention of the Corporate Secretary of the Company and should contain the information set forth in the Company’s Bylaws including (a) the name and address of each proposed nominee and the number of shares of Glacier stock held by such nominee; (b) the principal occupation of each proposed nominee; (c) a description of any arrangements or understandings between the nominee and the nominating shareholder pursuant to which the nomination is being made; (d) your name and address; (e) the number of shares of Glacier stock you own of record; and (f) a consent of the nominee agreeing to the nomination. The presiding officer of the annual meeting may disregard your nomination if it does not contain the above information or otherwise does not meet the requirements set forth in our Bylaws.
The Nominating/Governance Committee will consider candidates for director recommended by any of our shareholders and will evaluate such recommendations in accordance with its charter, our Bylaws and the regular nominee criteria described above under the section entitled “Nominating/Corporate Governance Committee.” This process is designed to ensure that the Board includes members with diverse backgrounds, skills and experience, including appropriate financial and other expertise relevant to our business. Eligible shareholders wishing to recommend a candidate for nomination should follow the procedures set forth in our Bylaws, as described above. In connection with its evaluation of a director nominee, the Nominating/Governance Committee may request additional information from the candidate or the recommending shareholder and may request an interview with the candidate. The Nominating/Governance Committee has discretion to decide which individuals to recommend for nomination as directors. Shareholders should submit any recommendations for director nominees at our 2021 annual meeting to us by November 16, 2020 (120 days prior to the anniversary of mailing this proxy statement).
Copy of Bylaws Provisions
        You may contact Glacier’s Corporate Secretary for a copy of the relevant Bylaws provisions regarding the requirements for making shareholder proposals and nominating director candidates.
ANNUAL REPORT TO SHAREHOLDERS
        Any shareholder may obtain without charge a copy of our Annual Report and/or Form 10-K filed with the SEC under the Exchange Act for the year ended December 31, 2019, including financial statements. Written requests for the Annual Report and/or Form 10-K should be addressed to: Corporate Secretary, 49 Commons Loop, Kalispell, Montana 59901. The Annual Report and Form 10-K are also available at www.glacierbancorp.com under the “Quick Links.”
DELIVERY OF DOCUMENTS TO SHAREHOLDERS SHARING AN ADDRESS
        In some cases, only one copy of this Proxy Statement is being delivered to multiple shareholders who share an address (unless we have received contrary instructions from one or more of the shareholders). We will deliver promptly, upon written request, a separate copy of this Proxy Statement to a shareholder at a shared address to which a single copy of the document was delivered. To request a separate delivery of these materials now or in the future, a shareholder may submit a written request to Glacier’s Corporate Secretary at the address above. A shareholder may also request these materials by calling (406) 756-4200. Additionally, any shareholders who are presently sharing an address and
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receiving multiple copies of either the Proxy Statement or the Annual Report and who would rather receive a single copy of such materials may instruct us accordingly by directing their request to us in the manner provided above.
March 16, 2020BY ORDER OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS
/s/ Ron J. Copher
Ron J. Copher, Secretary

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