Toggle SGML Header (+)


Section 1: DEF 14A (DEF 14A)

Document
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A

(Rule 14a-101)

INFORMATION REQUIRED IN PROXY STATEMENT

SCHEDULE 14A INFORMATION

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the Securities
Exchange Act of 1934 (Amendment No. )

Filed by the Registrant ý
Filed by a Party other than the Registrant o
 
Check the appropriate box:
o
Preliminary Proxy Statement
o
Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only, (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))
ý
Definitive Proxy Statement
o
Definitive Additional Materials
o
Soliciting Material under Rule 14a-12

WASHINGTON TRUST BANCORP, INC.
(Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)

Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):
ý
No fee required.
¨
Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11.
 
1)
Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:
 
2)
Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:
 
3)
Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (Set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):
 
4)
Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:
 
5)
Total fee paid:

o
Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.
o
Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.
 
1)
Amount Previously Paid:
 
2)
Form, Schedule or Registration Statement No.:
 
3)
Filing Party:
 
4)
Date Filed:



403322880_bancorpbluestackeda15.jpg
Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders

Date and Time:        Tuesday, the 28th of April, 2020, at 11:00 a.m. (local time)

Place:            Westerly Library, 44 Broad Street, Westerly, Rhode Island

Items of Business:
1.
The election of three directors, nominated by the Board of Directors and named in the Proxy Statement, each to serve for three-year terms and until their successors are duly elected and qualified;
 
2.
The ratification of the selection of Crowe LLP to serve as the Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending
December 31, 2020;
 
3.
A non-binding advisory resolution to approve the compensation of the Corporation’s named executive officers;
 
4.
Such other business as may properly come before the meeting, or any postponement or adjournment thereof.

Record Date:
Shareholders of record at the close of business on March 2, 2020 will be entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting.

Proxy Voting:
It is important that your shares be represented and voted whether or not you plan to be present at the Annual Meeting.  Please sign, date and fill in the enclosed proxy card and return it by mail in the enclosed addressed envelope or vote your shares through the internet or by telephone as described in the proxy card or voting instruction form.  If you wish to vote your shares in person at the Annual Meeting, you may revoke your proxy and do so.

Important Notice Regarding the Availability of Proxy Materials
for the Annual Shareholder Meeting To Be Held on April 28, 2020
On or about March 17, 2020, we mailed a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the "Notice") to all shareholders of record as of March 2, 2020, containing instructions on how to access our Proxy Statement, Form 10-K and Annual Report and vote your shares. The Notice also contains instructions on how you can (i) receive a paper copy of the proxy materials, if you only received the Notice by mail, or (ii) elect to receive your proxy materials over the Internet.
By Order of the Board of Directors,
403322880_kristen1copya03.jpg
Kristen L. DiSanto
Corporate Secretary

March 17, 2020

Free parking is available at the Washington Trust parking garage at 23 Broad Street, Westerly, Rhode Island.  
The Westerly Library is handicapped accessible.  Please call 401-348-1566 for information regarding accessibility.



Table of Contents
Independent Lead Director
Director Independence
Director Nominations
Communications with the Board
Board Members
Board Composition, Qualifications and Diversity
Committee Membership and Meetings
Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
CEO Pay Ratio
Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports



Proxy Statement
The accompanying proxy is solicited by and on behalf of the Board of Directors of Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. (the “Corporation” or “Washington Trust”) for use at the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held at the Westerly Library, 44 Broad Street, Westerly, Rhode Island, on Tuesday, the 28th of April, 2020 at 11:00 a.m. (local time) (the “Annual Meeting”), and any postponement or adjournment thereof.
As of March 2, 2020, the record date for determining shareholders entitled to notice of and to vote at the Annual Meeting, there were 17,363,457 shares of our common stock, $0.0625 par value, issued and outstanding.  Each share of common stock is entitled to one vote per share on all matters to be voted upon at the Annual Meeting, with all holders of common stock voting as one class.  
On or about March 17, 2020, we mailed a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the "Notice") to all shareholders of record as of March 2, 2020. The notice included instructions on how to access this Proxy Statement and our Annual Report on Form 10-K. You may access the proxy materials at
http://ir.washtrust.com/proxy. Printed copies may be obtained at no charge by contacting the Corporation by phone at (800) 475-2265 or by email at [email protected].

Vote Required and Board Recommendations
Proposal
 
Vote Required
 
Board of Directors Recommendation
1.
Elect the following nominees as director:
 
As required by Rhode Island law, a plurality of votes cast by holders of common stock entitled to vote at the annual meeting
 
FOR ALL
 
John J. Bowen; Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA; and Sandra Glaser Parrillo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
Ratify the selection of Crowe LLP as the Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending
December 31, 2020
 
A majority of votes cast by holders of common stock entitled to vote at the annual meeting
 
FOR
 
 
 
 
 
 
3.
Approve, on a non-binding, advisory basis, the compensation of the Corporation’s named executive officers
 
A majority of votes cast by holders of common stock entitled to vote at the annual meeting
 
FOR
We know of no matters to be brought before the Annual Meeting other than those referred to in this Proxy Statement.  If any other matters not described in this Proxy Statement are properly presented at the meeting, any proxies received by us will be voted in the discretion of the proxy holder.

Quorum, Abstentions and Broker Non-votes
A majority of the outstanding shares of common stock entitled to vote, represented in person or by proxy,
will constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at the Annual Meeting. Abstentions will be counted
for purposes of determining if a quorum is present. A broker non-vote occurs when a broker, bank or other nominee holding shares for a beneficial owner does not vote on a particular proposal because the nominee does not have discretionary voting power on that matter and has not received instructions from the beneficial owner. Broker non-votes will be counted for purposes of determining if a quorum is present, but will not affect the outcome of Proposals 1, 2 or 3. Abstentions will have no impact on Proposal 1 and will have the same effect as a vote “against” Proposal 2 and 3.

Revocation of Proxies
The presence of a shareholder at the Annual Meeting will not automatically revoke a proxy previously delivered by that shareholder. A shareholder may revoke his or her proxy at any time before it is exercised by: (1) submitting another proxy bearing a later date, by mail, Internet or telephone, (2) by attending the



Annual Meeting and voting in person, or (3) by notifying the Corporation of the revocation in writing to the Corporate Secretary of the Corporation, 23 Broad Street, Westerly, RI 02891.  If not revoked, the proxy will be voted at the Annual Meeting in accordance with the instructions indicated by the shareholder or, if no instructions are indicated, all shares represented by valid proxies received pursuant to this solicitation (and not revoked before such shares are voted) will be voted “for” all of the nominees in Proposal 1 and “for” Proposals 2 and 3.

Proposal 1: Election of Directors
Our Board of Directors is divided into three classes, with one class elected at each annual meeting. The Corporation’s Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended (the “Articles of Incorporation”), require that the three classes be as nearly equal in number as possible. There are presently 12 directors. H. Douglas Randall and John F. Treanor have each reached age 72 and, pursuant to our by-laws, are not eligible to stand for reelection. Each will resign from the Board of Directors effective as of the Annual Meeting.
The Board has determined that, effective as of the Annual Meeting, the size of the board will be reduced to 11 directors. Three individuals will be elected to the Board of Directors, each to serve until the 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and until his or her respective successor is elected and qualified.
Based on the recommendation of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee (the “Nominating Committee”), the Board of Directors has nominated John J. Bowen; Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA; and Sandra Glaser Parrillo for election at the Annual Meeting.  Each of the nominees for director is presently a director of the Corporation, except for Ms. Parrillo.  Each of the nominees has consented to being named as a nominee in this Proxy Statement and has agreed to serve as a director if elected at the Annual Meeting.  In the event that any nominee is unable to serve, the persons named in the proxy have discretion to vote for other persons if the Board of Directors designates such other persons.  The Board of Directors has no reason to believe that any of the nominees will be unavailable for election.
Recommendation:
The Board of Directors unanimously recommends that shareholders vote “FOR” each of the nominees in this proposal.

Corporate Governance
Corporate Governance Guidelines
The Board has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines, which are available on our website at http://ir.washtrust.com/govdocs.  The Corporate Governance Guidelines describe our corporate governance practices and address issues such as Board composition and responsibilities, Board leadership structure, the Board’s relationship with management and executive succession planning.
Please note that the information contained on our website is not incorporated by reference in, or considered to be a part of, this Proxy Statement.

Board Leadership Structure
The Board believes that the Corporation’s Chief Executive Officer is best positioned to serve as Chairman because he is the director most familiar with the Corporation’s business and industry, and most capable of effectively identifying and executing strategy priorities.  The Corporation’s independent directors bring experience, oversight and expertise from outside of the Corporation, while the Chief Executive Officer brings Corporation-specific experience and expertise.  The Board recognizes its responsibility to hold management accountable for the execution of strategy once it is developed.  The Board believes the


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 2



combined role of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, together with an independent Lead Director having the duties described below, is in the best interest of shareholders because it fosters effective decision-making and strategy development while providing for independent oversight of management.

Independent Lead Director
The Corporation’s Corporate Governance Guidelines provide that the Chairperson of the Nominating Committee of the Board serves as Lead Director.  The Lead Director presides at all executive sessions of the independent directors, consults with the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer on Board and committee meeting agendas, acts as a liaison between management and the non-management directors, including maintaining frequent contact with the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer.

Director Independence
The Corporation’s Board has determined that each of current directors John J. Bowen, Steven J. Crandall, Robert A. DiMuccio, Constance A. Howes, Katherine W. Hoxsie, Kathleen E. McKeough, H. Douglas Randall III, John T. Ruggieri, Edwin J. Santos, and John F. Treanor is considered independent under the NASDAQ Listing Rules. The Corporation’s Board has also determined that nominee Sandra Glaser Parrillo is considered independent.
Any interested party who wishes to make their concerns known to the independent directors may avail themselves of the same procedures utilized for shareholder communications with the Corporation’s Board, which procedures are described under the heading “Communications With the Board of Directors” later in this Proxy Statement.

Executive Sessions
The Board believes that executive sessions consisting solely of independent directors are part of good governance practices.  The Board conducts executive sessions as deemed necessary from time to time and at least twice a year as required by the NASDAQ Listing Rules.

Director Nominations
The Nominating Committee identifies, evaluates and recommends director candidates to the Board. Neither the Nominating Committee nor the Board has a policy with regard to the consideration of diversity in identifying director nominees, although under the provisions of the Nominating Committee charter, the Nominating Committee may consider diversity when identifying and evaluating proposed director candidates.  
At a minimum, each nominee to become a Board member, whether proposed by a shareholder or any other party, must:
1.
have the highest personal and professional integrity, demonstrate sound judgment and effectively interact with other members of the Board to serve the long-term interests of the Corporation and our shareholders;
2.
have experience at a strategic or policy-making level in a business, government, not-for-profit or academic organization of high standing;
3.
have a record of distinguished accomplishment in his or her field;
4.
be well regarded in the community and have a long-term reputation for the highest ethical and moral standards;
5.
have sufficient time and availability to devote to the affairs of the Corporation, particularly in light of the number of boards on which the nominee may serve; and
6.
to the extent such nominee serves or has previously served on other boards, have a demonstrated history of actively contributing at board meetings.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 3



The Nominating Committee evaluates all such proposed nominees in the same manner, without regard to the source of the initial recommendation of such proposed nominee.  In seeking candidates to consider for nomination to fill a vacancy on the Corporation’s Board, the Nominating Committee may solicit recommendations from a variety of sources, including current directors, our Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers.  The Nominating Committee may also engage a search firm to identify or evaluate or assist in identifying or evaluating candidates.
The Nominating Committee will consider nominees recommended by shareholders.  Shareholders who wish to submit recommendations for candidates to the Nominating Committee must submit their recommendations in writing to the Corporate Secretary of the Corporation at 23 Broad Street, Westerly, RI 02891, who will forward all recommendations to the Nominating Committee.  For a shareholder recommendation to be considered by the Nominating Committee for election at the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, it must be submitted to the Corporation by November 17, 2020.  All shareholder recommendations for nominees must include the following information:
1.
the name and address of record of the shareholder;
2.
a representation that the shareholder is a record holder of our securities, or if the shareholder is not a record holder, evidence of ownership in accordance with Rule 14a-8(b)(2) of the Exchange Act;
3.
the name, age, business and residential address, educational background, current principal occupation or employment, and principal occupation or employment for the preceding five full fiscal years of the proposed nominee;
4.
a description of the qualifications and background of the proposed nominee that addresses the minimum qualifications and other criteria for board membership approved by the Corporation’s Board;
5.
a description of all arrangements or understandings between the shareholder and the proposed nominee;
6.
the consent of the proposed nominee to (a) be named in the proxy statement relating to our 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders, and (b) serve as a director if elected at the 2021 Annual Meeting of Shareholders; and
7.
any other information regarding the proposed nominee that is required to be included in a proxy statement filed pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).
Shareholder nominations that are not submitted to the Nominating Committee for consideration may be made at an Annual Meeting of Shareholders in accordance with the procedures set forth in clause (e) of Article Eighth of our Articles of Incorporation.  Specifically, advanced written notice of any nominations must be received by the Corporate Secretary not less than 14 days nor more than 60 days prior to any meeting of shareholders called for the election of directors (provided that if fewer than 21 days’ notice of the meeting is given to shareholders, notice of the proposed nomination must be received by the Corporate Secretary not later than the close of the 10th day following the day on which notice of the meeting was mailed to shareholders).



Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 4



The Board’s Role in Risk Oversight
The Board’s role in the Corporation’s risk oversight process includes receiving regular reports from members of senior management on areas of material risk to the Corporation, including operational, credit, interest rate, liquidity, fiduciary, legal, regulatory, compensation, strategic and reputational risks.  The full Board of the Corporation or the Bank (or the appropriate Committee in the case of risks that are under the purview of a particular Committee) receives these reports from the appropriate “risk owner” within the Corporation’s management to enable it to understand and determine the adequacy of our risk identification, risk management and risk mitigation strategies.  When a Committee receives a report, the Chairman of the relevant Committee reports on the discussion to the full Board of the Corporation or the Bank at the next Board meeting.  This enables the Board and its Committees to coordinate the risk oversight role, particularly with respect to risk interrelationships.  As part of its charter, the Audit Committee is responsible for review and oversight of the Corporation’s Enterprise Risk Management Program.

Communications With the Board of Directors
Any shareholder desiring to send communications to the Corporation’s Board, or any individual director, may forward such communication to our Corporate Secretary at our offices at 23 Broad Street, Westerly, RI 02891.  The Corporate Secretary will collect all such communications and forward them to the Corporation’s Board and any such individual director.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 5



Board of Directors

The following is biographical information as of March 17, 2020 for each member of and nominee for the Board of Directors, including positions held, principal occupation and business experience for the past five years or more. The description includes the specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that, in the case of each nominee for director, led to the conclusion by the Board of Directors that such person should serve as a director of the Corporation; and in the case of each director who is not standing for election at the Annual Meeting, that the Board of Directors would expect to consider if it were making a conclusion currently as to whether such person should serve as a director. Additionally, we believe each has a reputation for honesty, integrity and adherence to high ethical standards, and has demonstrated business acumen and sound judgment, as well as a commitment to the Corporation and its shareholders. All current directors of the Corporation also serve on the board of directors of our subsidiary bank, The Washington Trust Company, of Westerly (the “Bank”).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_bowen201502a02.jpg
John J. Bowen
Age:
68
Director Since:
2011
Term in Office Expires:
2020
 
Business Experience:  Mr. Bowen retired from Johnson & Wales University in 2018 and was elected Chancellor Emeritus. Previously he served as Chancellor, President and Chief Executive Officer of the University from 2010 until his retirement and as President and Chief Executive Officer from 2004 to 2010. He serves as a board member for a wide variety of not-for-profit organizations and has previously served as a director of a large regional bank. Mr. Bowen’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his experience leading a large, successful institution; experience on governing boards of nonprofit and for-profit corporations; and previous experience in the banking industry.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_crandall201502a02.jpg
Steven J. Crandall
Age:
68
Director Since:
1983
Term in Office Expires:
2021
 
Business Experience:  Mr. Crandall has served as Vice President of Ashaway Line & Twine Manufacturing Co., a manufacturer of sporting goods products and medical threads, for more than 40 years.  His experience and responsibilities include domestic and international sales and marketing, corporate finance and financial analysis, and human resources management.  Mr. Crandall’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his extensive experience in sales and marketing as well as the management of a successful commercial and industrial business.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_dimuccio201502a02.jpg
Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA
Age:
62
Director Since:
2010
Term in Office Expires:
2020
 
Business Experience:  Mr. DiMuccio has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Amica Mutual Insurance Company since 2005, also serving as Chairman since 2009. He joined Amica in 1991 as a Vice President and has served in various positions of progressive responsibility, including Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer.  Prior to joining Amica, he was an audit partner with the public accounting firm of KPMG LLP, with public and non-public company audit experience, including banking and insurance companies. He is also a director and past Chair of the American Property Casualty Insurance Association and has earned the Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter (CPCU) designation. Mr. DiMuccio’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his extensive experience in the areas of audit, accounting and financial reporting, as well as his record of leadership in the financial services industry.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 6



403322880_handy201602a02.jpg
Edward O. Handy III
 
 
Age:
58
Director Since:
2016
Term in Office Expires:
2022
 
Business Experience:  Mr. Handy assumed the role of Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation and the Bank, in March 2018, after serving as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and the Bank since November 2013. Prior to joining Washington Trust, he served as President of Citizens Bank in Rhode Island and Connecticut from 2009 to 2013; Executive Vice President, Head of Commercial Real Estate from 2007 to 2009; President / Chief Executive Officer of Charter One Bank, an affiliate of Citizens Bank, from 2005 to 2008; and various positions of senior leadership at Citizens Bank and related companies, primarily in commercial real estate lending, from 1995 to 2005.  Prior to that, he held positions at Fleet National Bank with concentration in commercial lending and credit analysis. Mr. Handy’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his extensive banking and leadership experience, with particular emphasis on his extensive background in the area of commercial lending.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_howesconniebw2a01.jpg
Constance A. Howes, Esq.
Age:
66
Director Since:
2018
Term in Office Expires:
2021
 
Business Experience:  Ms. Howes served as President and CEO of Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island from October 2002 through October 2013. She served at Care New England Health System as EVP of Women’s Health from October 2013 through October 2015, and Women’s Health Advisor from November 2015 through July 2016.  Prior to working in healthcare, she practiced business law in Providence, RI.  She served as an Adjunct Professor at Roger Williams School of Law, teaching Health Law and Policy in 2017 and 2019, and is a Faculty Advisor for the Brown University Executive Master of Healthcare Leadership program.  She previously served on the Board of Trustees of the American Hospital Association and as the Chair of the RI Governor’s Workforce Board.  She also served on the RI Board of Education, as well as on the boards of numerous community organizations. Ms. Howes’ qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include her extensive legal expertise; her experience as an executive of several large healthcare organizations; and her experience on governing boards of various non-profit, industry and government entities.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_hoxsie201502a02.jpg
Katherine W. Hoxsie, CPA
 
Age:
71
Director Since:
1991
Term in Office Expires:
2022
 
Business Experience:  Ms. Hoxsie has been retired since 2008. She previously served as the Vice President of Hoxsie Buick-Pontiac-GMC Truck, Inc. automotive dealership, responsible for the company’s management and operations from 1991 until 2008. Prior to 1991, Ms. Hoxsie was employed by the public accounting firm of Price Waterhouse with experience in audits of public and non-public companies, including financial services companies. Ms. Hoxsie’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include her expertise in the areas of audit, finance, accounting and taxation, as well as her knowledge of regulatory and financial reporting requirements.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 7



403322880_marcaurele201502a02.jpg
Joseph J. MarcAurele
 
Age:
68
Director Since:
2009
Term in Office Expires:
2021
 
Business Experience:  Mr. MarcAurele served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation and the Bank from April 2010 until his retirement in March 2018. He held the additional title of President of the Corporation and the Bank from April 2010 to November 2013. Prior to joining Washington Trust in 2009 as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and the Bank, he served as President of Citizens Bank from 2007 to 2009. He held positions of President and Chief Executive Officer of Citizens Bank entities in Rhode Island and Connecticut from 2001 to 2007, and held a series of positions of executive leadership at Citizens Bank from 1993 to 2001 in the areas of commercial lending, wealth management and private banking.  Prior to that, Mr. MarcAurele held positions at Fleet National Bank with concentration in commercial lending and credit analysis and also held the position of Senior Vice President, Director of Human Resources. Mr. MarcAurele’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his extensive experience in banking and financial services, experience in positions of executive leadership, and knowledge of the business community in our market area.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_mckeough201502a02.jpg
Kathleen E. McKeough
 
 
Age:
69
Director Since:
2003
Term in Office Expires:
2022
Business Experience:  Ms. McKeough is retired and previously served as Senior Vice President, Human Resources, of GTECH Holdings Corporation, a lottery industry and financial transaction processing company, from 2000 to 2004. From 1991 to 1999, she served with the U.S. division of Allied Domecq, PLC, a manufacturer and franchiser for 6,500 franchised stores, in positions including Treasurer, Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President, Human Resources. Previously, she held positions in commercial lending and credit administration with Bank of Boston. Ms. McKeough’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include her extensive experience in human resources matters as well as her experience in finance and banking.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_parilloa02.jpg
Sandra Glaser Parrillo
 
Age:
63
 

  Nominee for Director
 
 
Business Experience: Ms. Parrillo has served since 2000 as President and Chief Executive Officer of The Providence Mutual Fire Insurance Company, a property-casualty mutual insurance company with operations in New England, New Jersey and New York. She joined The Providence in 1977 as an underwriter and has served in various positions of progressive responsibility. She was awarded the designation of Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter (CPCU) and Certified Insurance Counselor. She is also a director and past Chair of the National Association of Mutual Insurance Companies and a director of the Rhode Island Public Expenditure Council. Her qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include her extensive experience in leading a successful financial service company, as well as her experience on governing boards of nonprofit and for-profit corporations.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_randall201602a02.jpg
H. Douglas Randall III
 
 
Age:
72
Director Since:
2000
Term in Office Expires:
2020
 
Business Experience:  Mr. Randall serves as Chief Executive Officer of Randall, Realtors, and holds the title of Chief Executive Officer in several related firms including Kinlin Grover Real Estate (since 2009), Kinlin Grover Commercial (since 2010), Page Taft (since 2011) and Pequot Commercial (since 2012). These firms operate 35 realty offices with 690 professionals and staff in Rhode Island, Massachusetts and Connecticut. He has more than 48 years of experience in realty and property use matters, holding Graduate Realtors Institute and Certified Residential Broker designations. His qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his extensive experience and knowledge of real estate matters as well as the management of a successful realty business.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 8



403322880_ruggierijohna01.jpg
John T. Ruggieri
 
 
Age:
63
Director Since:
2019
Term in Office Expires:
2022
 
Business Experience: Mr. Ruggieri has served since 2005 as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Gilbane Building Company, a global integrated construction and facility management services firm, and as Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Gilbane, Inc., a global construction and real estate development firm.  Prior to joining the Gilbane companies, he served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer for Emissive Energy Corporation, a manufacturer of lighting electronics and equipment.  From 1980 through 2004, he worked for A.T. Cross Company, an international manufacturer of fine writing instruments, timepieces and personal accessories, holding various positions of increasing responsibility, ultimately being named Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in 1997 and assuming the additional responsibility of President, Pen Computing Group in 2001.  Mr. Ruggieri is a former certified public accountant. His qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his expertise in the areas of audit, finance, accounting and taxation, as well his experience as an executive of several large companies and knowledge of real estate development, facilities management and construction matters.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_santos201602a02.jpg
Edwin J. Santos
 
 
Age:
60
Director Since:
2012
Term in Office Expires:
2021
 
Business Experience: Mr. Santos has had a distinguished career in banking, with experience in risk management, corporate governance, management advisory services, acquisitions, and reengineering efforts. He served for many years in various positions of significant responsibility with FleetBoston Financial Group and most recently served as Group Executive Vice President and General Auditor for Citizens Financial Group prior to his retirement in 2009. Mr. Santos currently serves as Chairman of Prospect CharterCARE, LLC and is Past President of the Board of Trustees of the Rocky Hill School. He is a member of the Bryant University Board of Trustees. Mr. Santos’ professional competency, broad experience in the financial services industry and strong reputation in the Rhode Island community qualify him to serve on the Board of Directors.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403322880_treanor201502a02.jpg
John F. Treanor
 
Age:
72
Director Since:
2001
Term in Office Expires:
2020
Business Experience:  Mr. Treanor served as President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and the Bank from 1999 until his retirement in 2009. Mr. Treanor has more than 45 years of experience in the financial services industry. Prior to joining Washington Trust, he held Chief Financial Officer positions with commercial banks for ten years and previously served as Director of Corporate Planning and Mergers and Acquisitions for a major Boston bank. Mr. Treanor is a member of the board of directors of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston, where he serves as chairman of its finance committee, and served as a member of the board of directors of Beacon Mutual Insurance Company from 2009 to 2014, where he served as chairperson of its audit committee. Mr. Treanor’s qualifications to serve on the Board of Directors include his strong background in banking and finance as well as his extensive knowledge of regulatory and governance matters.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

None of our director nominees or incumbents serves or has served during the past five years as a director of any other company with a class of securities registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or that is registered as an investment company under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.



Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 9



Board Composition, Qualifications and Diversity
We believe the Board is comprised of an effective mix of experience, skills and perspectives. The following charts and graphs highlight the current composition of our Board.
403322880_directorchartsa14.jpg
403322880_directorskillsa12.jpg
Committee Membership and Meetings
Current Committee membership and the number of meetings of the full Board and each Committee held during 2019, are shown in the following table.
 
Independent Director
Board
Audit Committee
Compensation Committee
Executive Committee
Nominating Committee
John J. Bowen
n
n
 
n
 
 
Steven J. Crandall
n
n
n
 
 
 
Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA
n
n
n+
n
n
n
Edward O. Handy III
 
¬
 
 
n
 
Constance A. Howes, Esq.
n
n
n
n
 
 
Katherine W. Hoxsie, CPA
n
n
t+
 
n
n
Joseph J. MarcAurele
 
n
 
 
n
 
Kathleen E. McKeough
n
µ
n
n
t
t
H. Douglas Randall III
n
n
 
 
 
 
John T. Ruggieri
n
n
n+
 
 
 
Edwin J. Santos
n
n
n
t
n
n
John F. Treanor
n
n
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Meetings in 2019
 
10
11
6
2
6
¬ = Chairperson of the Board µ = Lead Director t = Committee Chair n = Member + = Financial Expert


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 10



During 2019, each member of the Corporation’s Board attended at least 75% of the aggregate number of meetings of the Corporation’s Board and the Committees of the Corporation’s Board of which such person was a member.  While we do not have a formal policy related to Board member attendance at annual meetings of shareholders, directors are encouraged to attend each annual meeting to the extent reasonably practicable.  All directors attended the 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.

Executive Committee
When the Corporation’s Board is not in session, the Executive Committee is entitled to exercise all the powers and duties of the Corporation’s Board, except for such business that by law only the full Board is authorized to perform.
Nominating Committee
The Nominating Committee has a written charter that is available on our website at http://ir.washtrust.com/govdocs.  The Nominating Committee’s responsibilities and authorities, which are discussed in detail in its charter, include, among other things:
Establishing procedures for identifying and evaluating nominees for the Board.
Establishing procedures to be followed by shareholders in submitting recommendations for director candidates to the Nominating Committee.
Evaluating and recommending to the Board qualified individuals to serve as Board and/or Committee members.
Reviewing and assessing succession plans for the Chief Executive Officer position.
Developing and recommending to the Corporation’s Board a set of Corporate Governance Guidelines and recommending any changes to such Guidelines.
Overseeing the evaluation of the Corporation’s Board and management.
The Nominating Committee recommended that John J. Bowen; Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA; and Sandra Glaser Parrillo be nominated for election to serve as directors until the 2023 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and until their successors are duly elected and qualified.
Audit Committee
The Audit Committee has a written charter that is available on our website at http://ir.washtrust.com/govdocs.  The charter is reviewed annually and amended as appropriate to reflect the evolving role of the Audit Committee. The responsibilities of the Audit Committee include, among other things:
overseeing and reviewing our financial statements, accounting practices and related internal controls, as well as audits of the financial statements of the Corporation and its subsidiaries;
overseeing our relationship with our independent registered public accounting firm, including having the sole authority and responsibility for all decisions related to appointing, compensating, evaluating, retaining, assessing the independence of, and, when appropriate, replacing the Corporation’s independent registered public accounting firm;
overseeing our internal audit function;
reviewing and approving all audit plans, including scope and staffing;
establishing procedures for the submission, receipt and treatment of complaints or concerns regarding accounting or auditing matters; and
overseeing and reviewing the Corporation and the Bank’s compliance program and risk management efforts, as well as our credit review program and related results, asset quality and the adequacy of our allowance for loan losses.
Management is responsible for the financial reporting process, including the Corporation's system of internal controls, and the preparation of the Corporation's consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The Corporation's independent registered public


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 11



accounting firm is responsible for performing an independent audit of the Corporation's consolidated financial statements and internal controls over financial reporting in accordance with the auditing standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) and to issue a report thereon. The Audit Committee's responsibility is to oversee and review these processes, and it relies on the expertise and knowledge of management, the internal auditor and the independent auditor in carrying out that role. The Audit Committee is not professionally engaged in the practice of accounting or auditing and does not provide any expert or other special assurance or professional opinion as to the sufficiency of internal and external audits, whether the Corporation's financial statements are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles or on the effectiveness of the Corporation's system of internal controls.
In order to assure continuing auditor independence, the Audit Committee periodically considers whether there should be a regular rotation of the independent registered public accounting firm. Additionally, in conjunction with the mandated rotation of the audit firm’s lead engagement partner, the Audit Committee is directly involved in the selection of the new lead engagement partner.
The Board has determined that each member of the Audit Committee is an independent director under the NASDAQ Listing Rules and Rule 10A-3(b)(1) under the Exchange Act. In addition, the Board has determined that Ms. Hoxsie, Messrs. DiMuccio and Ruggieri each qualify as an “audit committee financial expert” under the Exchange Act.
The Audit Committee’s report on our audited financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 appears under the heading “Audit Committee Report” later in this Proxy Statement.
Compensation Committee
The Compensation Committee has a written charter that is available on our website at http://ir.washtrust.com/govdocs.  Generally, the Compensation Committee is responsible for executive and director compensation decisions, and reports all actions to the members of the Corporation’s Board.  The Compensation Committee’s responsibilities and authorities, which are discussed in detail in its charter, include, among other things:
Establishing our compensation philosophy, and reviewing compensation practices to ensure alignment with that philosophy.
Establishing annual compensation for the Chief Executive Officer and all other executive officers including salary, incentive, and equity compensation.
Establishing incentive plans for all employees, and approving awards under such plans to the Chief Executive Officer and all other executive officers.
Annually reviewing the Succession and Talent Development Plan.
Establishing director compensation.
Approving equity compensation awards and the terms of such awards to employees and directors.
Reviewing the impact of our compensation practices in relation to the Corporation’s risk management objectives.
Administering our retirement, benefit and equity compensation plans, programs and policies.
A schedule of meetings and preliminary agenda is approved by the Compensation Committee at the end of each year for the coming fiscal year.  The agenda for Compensation Committee meetings is determined by its Chairperson with the assistance of the Chief Human Resources Officer.  Compensation Committee meetings are regularly attended by the Chief Executive Officer and other members of the senior management team, although they are not voting members nor are they present during executive session deliberations regarding their own compensation.  The Compensation Committee meets regularly in executive session without the presence of employee directors and management.
The Compensation Committee has authority under its charter to select, retain, terminate and approve the fees of advisers, counsel or other experts or consultants, as it deems appropriate.  The Compensation


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 12



Committee has engaged Meridian Compensation Partners, LLC (“Meridian”), an independent compensation consulting firm, to assist in fulfillment of its duties.  Meridian was selected by the Compensation Committee after review of, among other things, the Compensation Committee’s needs, the qualifications of the firm’s personnel, the firm’s independence, the firm’s resources, past experience with the firm, and a good faith estimate of fees, and was not made pursuant to the recommendation of management.  The compensation consultant advises the Compensation Committee with respect to compensation and benefit trends, best practices, market analysis, plan design and establishing targets for individual compensation awards.  The use of an independent compensation consultant provides additional assurance that our executive compensation programs are reasonable and consistent with our philosophy and objectives.   The compensation consultant reports directly to the Compensation Committee, and meets with members at least annually in executive session without the presence of employee directors and management.  The Compensation Committee does not prohibit Meridian from providing services to management, but such engagement must be requested or approved by the Compensation Committee.  The Compensation Committee has considered all relevant factors, including the six factors listed in Rule 10C-1(b)(4) of the Exchange Act and further included in the Compensation Committee’s charter, and determined that no conflict of interest exists with respect to Meridian.
During 2019, Meridian received total remuneration of $71,251 for consulting services on behalf of the Compensation Committee related to compensation analysis and planning.  We did not engage Meridian for any services other than those related to executive and director compensation consulting on behalf of the Compensation Committee. 
The Compensation Committee may delegate authority to fulfill certain administrative duties regarding the compensation and benefit programs to our management team.  The Compensation Committee solicits the input and recommendations of the Chief Executive Officer for compensation awards to other executives, including the named executive officers.  Such awards are further discussed in executive session, with decisions made by the Compensation Committee without the Chief Executive Officer’s involvement.




Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 13



Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

The following table sets forth certain information as of March 2, 2020 regarding (i) the beneficial ownership interest in our common stock of the directors and certain executive officers of the Corporation and the Bank, (ii) the beneficial ownership interest of all directors and executive officers of the Corporation, as a group, and (iii) the security holdings of each person, including any group of persons, known by the Corporation to be the beneficial owner of five percent (5%) or more of our common stock outstanding.
 
Common
Stock
Exercisable
Options (a)
Vested
Restricted
Stock
Units (b)
Total (c)
Percentage
Of
Class
Nominees and Directors:
 
 
 
 
 
John J. Bowen
8,130


590

8,720

0.05
%
Steven J. Crandall
16,863


590

17,453

0.10
%
Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA
8,568


590

9,158

0.05
%
Edward O. Handy III
11,949



11,949

0.07
%
Constance A. Howes, Esq.
200



200

%
Katherine W. Hoxsie, CPA
131,423


590

132,013

0.76
%
Joseph J. MarcAurele
63,234



63,234

0.36
%
Kathleen E. McKeough
12,750


590

13,340

0.08
%
Sandra Glaser Parrillo




%
H. Douglas Randall III (d)
20,628


1,710

22,338

0.13
%
John T. Ruggieri
509



509

%
Edwin J. Santos
2,940


590

3,530

0.02
%
John F. Treanor (d)
13,733


1,710

15,443

0.09
%
Certain Executive Officers:
 
 
 
 
 
Mark K.W. Gim
21,025

4,100


25,125

0.14
%
Ronald S. Ohsberg




%
James M. Hagerty
10,125

2,000


12,125

0.07
%
Kathleen A. Ryan
500

2,000


2,500

0.01
%
All directors, nominees and executive officers as a group (23 persons)
361,468

28,340

6,960

396,768

2.28
%
Beneficial Owners:
 
 
 
 
 
The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation (e)
240 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10286
2,079,210



2,079,210

11.95
%
BNY Mellon, National Association (f)
240 Greenwich Street, New York, NY 10286
1,944,635



1,944,635

11.18
%
BlackRock, Inc. (g)
55 East 52nd St., New York, NY 10055
1,165,079



1,165,079

6.70
%
Principal Global Investors, LLC (h)
801 Grand Ave., Des Moines, IA 50392
976,500



976,500

5.61
%
(a)
Stock options that are or will become exercisable within 60 days of March 2, 2020.
(b)
Restricted stock units that are or will become vested within 60 days of March 2, 2020.
(c)
Total does not include a performance share unit award for Messrs. Handy, Gim, Ohsberg and Hagerty, Ms. Ryan and certain other executive officers that is based on the Corporation’s relative performance during the measurement period, which ended December 31, 2019 and was further subject to a time-based vesting period, which ended on January 19, 2020Relative performance results were not available as of March 17, 2020, and therefore, the final awards have not been ascertained.  Information regarding these grants including the current performance assumption is presented under the heading “Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End” later in this Proxy Statement.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 14



(d)
Messrs. Randall and Treanor will reach age 72 prior to the Annual Meeting, and pursuant to our by-laws, will resign from the Board effective April 28, 2020.
(e)
Based on information set forth in a Schedule 13G filed with the SEC on January 13, 2020. Includes 1,944,635 shares held by BNY Mellon, National Association.
(f)
Based on information set forth in a Schedule 13G filed with the SEC on January 13, 2020.  These shares are also included in the shares owned by The Bank of New York Mellon Corporation as discussed in more detail in footnote (e) above.
(g)
Based on information set forth in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 6, 2020.
(h)
Based on information set forth in a Schedule 13G/A filed with the SEC on February 18, 2020.

Executive Officers
The following is a list of all executive officers of the Corporation and the Bank with their titles, current ages and years of service, followed by certain biographical information.
Name
Title
Age
Years of Service
Edward O. Handy III
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation and the Bank
58
6
Mark K.W. Gim
President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and the Bank
53
26
Ronald S. Ohsberg
Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of the Corporation and the Bank
55
2
Kristen L. DiSanto
Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer and Corporate Secretary of the Corporation and the Bank
50
25
William K. Wray, Sr.
Senior Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer of the Bank
61
4
Debra A. Gormley
Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Banking Officer of the Bank
64
9
James M. Hagerty
Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer of the Bank
62
7
Maria N. Janes, CPA
Executive Vice President and Controller of the Corporation and the Bank
49
22
Mary E. Noons
Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Lending Officer of the Bank
58
27
Kathleen A. Ryan, Esq.
Executive Vice President and Chief Wealth Management Officer of the Bank
54
4
Dennis L. Algiere
Executive Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer & Director of Community Affairs of the Bank
59
24
Biographical information for Mr. Handy is provided under the heading “Board of Directors” earlier in this Proxy Statement.
Mark K. W. Gim joined the Bank in 1993 and held various positions of increasing responsibility in financial planning and asset/liability management.  In 2000, he was promoted to Senior Vice President – Financial Planning and Asset/Liability Management of the Bank.  He was named Executive Vice President and Treasurer of the Corporation and the Bank in 2008, and had the added responsibility of oversight of the Retail Banking Division from 2011 through 2013. He was promoted to Executive Vice President, Wealth Management and Treasurer in 2013, and to Senior Executive Vice President, Wealth Management and


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 15



Treasurer in 2015. In June 2017, he was named Senior Executive Vice President, Wealth Management and Chief Strategy Officer. In March 2018, Mr. Gim was promoted to President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and the Bank.
Ronald S. Ohsberg, CPA joined the Bank in 2017 as Executive Vice President and Treasurer. In September 2017, he was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President and Treasurer. He was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer in February 2018. Prior to joining the Bank, he served as Executive Vice President, Finance for Linear Settlement Services from July 2016 to May 2017 where he was responsible for all finance and accounting matters for the company. He served as Executive Vice President, Corporate Controller and Chief Accounting Officer for Citizens Financial Group from 2009 to April 2016 where he was responsible for financial operations and reporting.
Kristen L. DiSanto joined the Bank in 1994 and held positions of increasing responsibility within Human Resources.  She was promoted to Senior Vice President, Human Resources in 2009, and to Executive Vice President, Human Resources in 2012. She was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer and Assistant Secretary of the Corporation and the Bank in September 2017. She was promoted to Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer and Corporate Secretary of the Corporation and the Bank in February 2018.
William K. Wray, Sr. joined the Bank in 2015 as Senior Vice President, Risk Management. He was promoted to Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer in September 2015 and to Senior Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer in September 2017.  Prior to joining Washington Trust, he served as Chief Operating Officer for Blue Cross Blue Shield of Rhode Island from 2009 to 2015. From 1993 to 2008, he served in various executive leadership positions for Citizens Bank including Vice Chairman and Chief Information Officer, including responsibility for corporate risk and compliance programs.
Debra A. Gormley joined the Bank in 2011 as Senior Vice President, Retail Banking. She was promoted to Executive Vice President, Retail Banking in 2014, and appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Banking Officer in 2018.
James M. Hagerty joined the Bank in 2012 as Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer. From December 2001 until he joined Washington Trust, he served as Senior Vice President, Rhode Island Market Manager, for Citizens Bank, responsible for middle market and not-for-profit commercial lending.
Maria N. Janes, CPA joined the Bank in 1997 as Accounting Officer, and was named Assistant Controller later that year. She has served as Controller since 1998, and was named Assistant Vice President in 1998; Vice President in 1999; and Senior Vice President in 2010. In 2016, she was promoted to Executive Vice President and Controller, and designated as Principal Accounting Officer of the Corporation and the Bank.
Mary E. Noons joined the Bank in 1992 and has held positions of increasing responsibility in managing lending support, loan operations, secondary market, consumer lending, mortgage operations and mortgage origination. She was promoted to Senior Vice President in 2011. In March 2016, she was promoted to Retail Lending division head, assuming responsibility for all mortgage and consumer lending activities. She was promoted to Executive Vice President in September 2016, and appointed Executive Vice President and Chief Retail Lending Officer in 2018.
Kathleen A. Ryan, Esq. joined the Bank in 2015 as Senior Vice President, Client Services and Trust and Estate Services. In September 2017, she was promoted to Executive Vice President, Wealth Management. In March 2018, she was promoted to Executive Vice President and Chief Wealth Management Officer. Prior to joining the Bank, she was a partner at the law firm of Partridge Snow & Hahn LLP from 2001 to 2015, serving as Chair for the firm’s Trusts & Estates practice from 1999 to 2015.
Dennis L. Algiere joined the Bank in 1995 as Compliance Officer. He was promoted to Vice President, Compliance in 1996 and to Senior Vice President, Compliance and Community Affairs in 2001.  He was named Senior Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer and Director of Community Affairs in 2004, and promoted to Executive Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer and Director of Community Affairs in 2019.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 16



Compensation Risk Analysis
Annually, the Compensation Committee (the “Committee”) performs a complete review of the Corporation’s short-term and long-term incentive compensation plans to assess and ensure that arrangements do not encourage executives and/or other employees to take excessive risks.  The Committee Chair presents the results of this review to the Board.
As part of the review, the Committee analyzes governance practices, plan design, and policies and internal controls. The Committee identifies areas of material risk to the Corporation, including operational, credit, interest rate, liquidity, compliance, strategic and reputational risks.  Following the completion of a detailed analysis, the Committee concluded that all incentive plans appropriately balance risk and reward, and align employee interests with shareholders based on the following observations:
We structure our pay to consist of fixed (salary) and variable compensation (cash incentive and equity). We believe variable elements provide an appropriate percentage of overall compensation to motivate executives to focus on performance, while fixed elements provide an appropriate and fair compensation level that does not encourage executives to take unnecessary or excessive risks.
Our compensation program balances short-term and long-term performance, and does not place inappropriate focus on achieving short-term results at the risk of long-term, sustained performance.
Most incentive plans (including plans covering executive officers) include a threshold, target and maximum award.  By establishing a maximum, we ensure that the compensation mix remains within acceptable ranges and limit excessive payments under any one element.
All incentive plan designs are reviewed and approved by the Committee annually.
Performance targets for the Annual Performance Plan, which covers most executives, are established annually by the Board.  We have internal controls over the measurement and calculation of the performance metrics, which are designed to prevent manipulation of results by any employee, including the executives. Additionally, the Board monitors the corporate performance metrics each month.
The Committee has the discretion to modify any plan payment downwards, allowing for consideration of the circumstances surrounding corporate and/or individual performance.
The Corporation has adopted an Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy that applies to the Corporation’s executive officers. In the event the Corporation is required to restate previously reported financial statements due to material noncompliance with any financial reporting requirements, executive officers are required to reimburse the Corporation for any cash or equity award that would not have been earned based on restated financial results. Among other things, this policy is intended to discourage executives from manipulating performance results that would assure a payment.
The Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy also provides that, in the event of an executive’s misconduct, the Committee may require the executive to (a) reimburse the Corporation for any cash or equity award in an amount determined by the Committee; and (b) forfeit any outstanding cash or equity awards in whole or in part.
There are appropriate internal controls and oversight of the approval and processing of payments.
There are robust internal controls and segregation of duties throughout the Corporation, including areas responsible for making credit and investment decisions as well as financial reporting.
The Corporation has a strong risk management and corporate governance framework to identify, measure, monitor and control current and emerging material risks. We have appointed a Chief Risk Officer to assist the Board and executive leadership in managing our overall risk program. Additionally, various committees of management and the Boards of the Corporation and the Bank may be responsible for evaluating and managing the risks associated with credit granting, interest rate and liquidity, investment portfolio management, fiduciary services and technology.  


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 17



Equity compensation consists of performance share units, restricted stock units, and stock options, which vest over a minimum of three years. These grants encourage a long-term perspective on overall corporate performance, which ultimately influences share price appreciation.  Equity compensation helps to motivate long-term performance, balancing the cash incentives in place to motivate short-term performance.
Annually, the Committee reviews our 25 top paid employees, regardless of position, providing added context and oversight to overall compensation throughout the Corporation.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 18



Compensation Discussion and Analysis
The Committee has responsibility for establishing, implementing and continually monitoring adherence with our compensation philosophy. The Committee ensures that the total compensation paid to senior executives is fair, reasonable, competitive, performance-based and aligned with shareholder interests.

Executive Summary
The Corporation had another year of exceptional performance in 2019, highlighted by record earnings and growth along key business lines. We continue to be a high performing regional bank with a unique, competitive business model that features revenue diversity, a proven growth strategy, a lower risk profile and solid capital position, while delivering consistent shareholder returns. We continue to gain market share, attract new clients, and build existing relationships by focusing on service excellence and offering superior retail, business and wealth management products. Furthermore, we believe the Corporation is well positioned to continue its positive growth momentum into 2020 and beyond. Key highlights of our performance and resulting compensation actions include:
How Did We Perform In 2019?
Wealth Management
Mortgage Banking
Lending
Retail Banking
At year end, assets under administration stood at $6.2 billion. Wealth management revenues totaled $36.8 million for 2019.
Mortgage banking revenues totaled a record $14.8 million for 2019. Total origination volume was a record $945.5 million, an increase of nearly 24% over the prior year.
Total loans (commercial, residential and consumer) reached a record $3.9 billion at year end, up 6% over the prior year.
Deposits totaled $3.5 billion at year end. This included a record $3.2 billion of in-market deposits, which grew by 5% during the year.
403322880_arrowa05.jpg
Corporate Results
Strong profitability
Strong relative performance
Asset quality
Increased shareholder value
We generated $69.1 million in net income or $3.96 per diluted share. Return on equity (ROE) was 14.34% and return on assets (ROA)
was 1.34%.
ROE, ROA, dividend yield, total non-interest income as a percentage of total revenue and price to book ratio exceeded the 93rd percentile of industry peers(a).
Asset quality indicators remained strong as nonperforming assets were 0.35% of total assets at
December 31, 2019.
We increased our dividend in 2019 by 24 cents, or 14%, over the prior year. This resulted in a dividend yield of 3.72% as of
December 31, 2019.
403322880_arrowa05.jpg
How Did We Pay Our Executives?
Modest merit increases
Bonus payments aligned with performance
100% performance-based equity grants, a leading best practice
The Committee approved modest base salary increases for 2019 and 2020 in line with market trends.
Based on solid corporate and individual performance results, plan formulas resulted in payments at or above target under the Annual Performance Plan, but below target under the Wealth Management Business Building Incentive Plan due to client attrition in our Weston Financial Group, Inc. subsidiary.
All equity awards to our named executive officers were granted as performance share units, which will be earned based on relative performance over a three year period.
(a) Industry peer group includes all publicly-traded banks and thrifts located in New England and the Mid-Atlantic (excluding institutions in Puerto Rico) with assets of $2.0 billion to $9.0 billion (Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence, for companies reporting as of March 10, 2020).


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 19



Further, the Committee recently expanded our recoupment policy to provide for clawback of plan payments as well as forfeiture of outstanding grants. Additionally, triggering events were expanded to include, among other things, the executive’s misconduct. This policy is described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy” later in this proxy statement.
The actions and the Committee’s decision-making process are further explained in the narrative following this summary. We believe these actions underscore that our compensation programs are built on a foundation of compensation best practices and sound governance practices, which we believe our shareholders demand, including:
What We Do
ü
Ensure pay for performance alignment
 
ü
Allocate a significant portion of total compensation to performance-based pay
 
ü
Grant 100% of long-term equity as performance-based awards for our named executive officers
 
ü
Award based on both absolute and relative performance metrics
 
ü
Review both realized and realizable pay
ü
Engage an independent compensation consultant who reports directly to the Compensation Committee
ü
Benchmark our practices annually to ensure executive compensation remains consistent with the market
ü
Subject short-term and long-term incentive payments to caps
ü
Perform an annual compensation risk assessment
ü
Maintain share ownership guidelines
ü
Require that change in control agreements contain double-trigger rather than single-trigger provisions
ü
Subject cash and equity incentive awards to an Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy
What We Don’t Do
û
We don’t maintain employment contracts
û
We don’t provide excise tax gross-ups on change in control payments
û
We don’t provide excessive perquisites
û
We don’t allow repricing of underwater options without shareholder approval
û
We don’t provide current payment of dividends or dividend equivalents on unearned long-term incentives
û
We don’t allow executive officers to engage in hedging transactions




Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 20



Executive Compensation Philosophy and Objectives
Our success is highly dependent on hiring, developing and retaining qualified people who are motivated to perform for the benefit of our shareholders, customers and community.  The Committee believes that an effective executive compensation program should be designed to reward the achievement of specific annual, long-term and strategic goals, and align executive interests with shareholders, with the ultimate objective of enhancing shareholder value.  The goal of our compensation program is to compensate senior leadership in a manner that encourages superior corporate performance, defined as at or above the top third of our peers.
Our compensation program places emphasis on:
attracting and retaining the best talent in the financial services industry;
providing compensation for key executives that is competitive with similarly-sized financial institutions;
linking pay to performance;
motivating executives to achieve the goals set in our strategic plan;
returning a fair value to shareholders; and  
ensuring that compensation supports sound risk management practices.
To these ends, the Committee believes that compensation packages provided to executives, including the named executive officers listed in this Proxy Statement, should include both cash and stock-based compensation that reward short and long-term performance as measured against established goals, both on an absolute and relative basis.

Factors Considered in Determining Pay Programs and Making Pay Decisions
The Committee is responsible for all executive compensation decisions and reports all actions to the Corporation’s Board. The following chart outlines the primary factors considered in determining executive compensation:
Determining Pay for the Chief Executive Officer
Determining Pay for Other Named Executive Officers
-
Compensation consultant’s analysis
-
Compensation consultant’s analysis
-
Market benchmarks
-
Market benchmarks
-
Corporate performance
-
Corporate and business unit performance
-
Internal and external economic conditions
-
Internal and external economic conditions
-
Tally sheets and wealth accumulation analyses
-
Tally sheets and wealth accumulation analyses
-
Compensation relative to other executives
-
Compensation relative to other executives
-
Assessment of the Chief Executive Officer’s performance by the independent directors of the Corporation’s Board
-
Chief Executive Officer’s assessment of the executive’s performance and compensation recommendations
 
 

Benchmarking Compensation
Prior to the beginning of the fiscal year, the Committee consulted with an independent compensation consulting firm to assess the competitiveness and effectiveness of our executive compensation program.  The compensation consultant provided an analysis of base salary, short-term incentive, long-term incentive and benefit practices of comparable companies in the banking industry.  The compensation consultant considered individual compensation elements as well as the total compensation package, and assessed the relationship of pay to performance.  



Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 21



In performing this analysis, the consultant used a peer group of banking institutions, which was reviewed and approved by the Committee.  The peer group included institutions of generally similar asset size, regional location, and to the extent possible, organizations with a wealth management business line since this represents a significant part of our business model.  At the time of peer group selection, the Corporation was positioned approximately at the median of the peer group in terms of total assets, with asset size ranging from $2.5 billion to $9.0 billion (approximately one-half to two times the size of the Corporation). All banks were based in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic region.  The peer group used in the report presented for consideration of 2019 compensation decisions consisted of the following financial institutions:
Arrow Financial Corporation
Bar Harbor Bankshares
Boston Private Financial Holdings, Inc.
Bridge Bancorp, Inc.
Brookline Bancorp, Inc.
Bryn Mawr Bank Corporation
Camden National Corporation
Century Bancorp, Inc.
CNB Financial Corporation
Enterprise Bancorp, Inc.
First Commonwealth Financial Corp.
The First of Long Island Corporation
Independent Bank Corp.
Lakeland Bancorp, Inc.
OceanFirst Financial Corp.
Peapack-Gladstone Financial Corp.
S & T Bancorp, Inc.
Sandy Spring Bancorp, Inc.
Tompkins Financial Corporation
TrustCo Bank Corp NY
United Financial Bancorp, Inc.
Univest Financial Corporation
WSFS Financial Corporation
 

A peer group analysis is limited to those positions for which compensation information is disclosed publicly. Therefore, the compensation consultant also relied on published compensation surveys to supplement peer group information, including the McLagan Regional Banking Survey.  Similar asset and regional scope comparisons were used for the benchmarking analysis.
Setting Pay and Mix
We target total compensation at the 50th percentile of market pay, with opportunities for upward or downward adjustment based on actual corporate performance on an absolute and relative basis. Each executive has a target total compensation opportunity that consists of base salary, short-term cash incentive and long-term equity compensation elements. We believe that our target compensation mix (outlined below) allows our compensation to vary appropriately based on corporate and individual performance in a manner that is aligned with shareholder interests and represents sound risk management principles.
403322880_exectargetpaymixa01.jpg
Because a substantial portion of compensation is based on short-term and long-term corporate, divisional and individual performance results, total compensation, as well the percentage of compensation delivered under each element, will vary annually. We believe that our most senior executives should have a significant portion of pay provided through at-risk performance-based compensation elements.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 22



Tally Sheets and Wealth Accumulation Analyses
Annually, the Committee reviews a presentation of total compensation or “tally sheet,” for each executive officer. This detailed analysis of actual and potential compensation includes:
a summary of total compensation for the current and previous fiscal year, including actual allocation to each compensation element;
incentive opportunity and related performance levels needed to achieve threshold, target and maximum payouts;
the value of perquisites, if applicable;
potential value of unvested equity grants at various levels of stock performance;
overall total compensation ranking within the Corporation; and
potential post-employment payments.
The Committee uses the tally sheets to evaluate each executive officer’s total compensation, as well as the impact of the Corporation’s performance on compensation. We believe this analysis is an integral part of our evaluation of the executive compensation program.
The Role of Shareholder Say-on-Pay Votes
The Corporation provides its shareholders with the opportunity to cast an annual advisory vote to approve the compensation of the named executive officers (the “say-on-pay proposal”). At the Annual Meeting of Shareholders held on April 23, 2019, 98% of the votes cast on the say-on-pay proposal were voted in favor of the proposal. We believe this affirms shareholders’ support of our approach to executive compensation, and did not significantly change the approach in 2019. The Committee will continue to consider the outcome of annual say-on-pay votes when making future compensation decisions for the named executive officers.

Base Salary
Our base salaries consider market pay levels and reflect individual roles, performance, experience and leadership contribution.  Generally, base salaries are targeted at the 50th percentile of our peer group. The Committee approved base salaries for the named executive officers as outlined below.
 
2018 Salary
2019 Salary
2020 Salary
Handy
$575,000
 
$600,000
 
$630,000
 
Gim
$340,000
 
$351,000
 
$365,000
 
Ohsberg
$294,000
 
$303,000
 
$315,000
 
Ryan
$284,600
 
$295,000
 
$304,000
 
Hagerty
$280,000
 
$290,000
 
$305,000
 


Short-Term Cash Incentive Compensation
The Committee believes that cash incentives are instrumental in motivating and rewarding executives for achievement of annual corporate and division goals.  All of our named executive officers participate in our Annual Performance Plan. In addition, Ms. Ryan participates in our Wealth Management Business Building Incentive Plan, which rewards achievement of growth targets for the wealth management business unit.
Plan terms, including the target bonus levels and relationship of payouts to achievement of financial metrics, were established by the Committee in consultation with the independent compensation consultant.  Annually, the Committee reviews the plans to ensure that they are designed in a manner that continues to motivate employees to achieve our strategic goals.
Cash Incentive Opportunities Under Annual Performance Plan
The Annual Performance Plan provides the opportunity to earn cash awards based on achievements relative to predefined corporate financial goals and individual performance. The plan has a maximum


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 23



payout of 150% of target under both the corporate and individual performance components. The target incentive opportunity is a percentage of base salary earnings, and varies by role and level of responsibility as outlined in the following table.  
 
Target Incentive Opportunity
Allocation
 
Corporate Performance
Individual Performance
Handy
50%
70%
30%
Gim
40%
70%
30%
Ohsberg
35%
60%
40%
Ryan
30%
60%
40%
Hagerty
35%
60%
40%

Regardless of the actual award determined by the plan parameters, the Committee has the discretion to modify any award downwards. Plan payments are subject to recoupment as described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy” later in this Proxy Statement.
Performance Measures
Corporate performance is based on three financial metrics - net income, fully diluted earnings per share (EPS), and return on equity (ROE), with each metric receiving equal weighting.  We believe these measures are an appropriate reflection of our annual performance, profitability, and contribution to shareholders.
At the beginning of each year, the Board establishes performance targets based on our strategic objectives.  At the end of each year, the actual performance for each of the financial metrics is measured separately against its target. Corporate performance exceeding a threshold of 80% of the performance target will result in progressively increasing payment levels, ranging from 50% to 150% of the target award as outlined below.
Corporate Performance Results
Award Level (as a % of Target)
<80.0%
0.0%
80.0% to 82.4%
50.0%
82.5% to 87.4%
62.5%
87.5% to 92.4%
75.0%
92.5% to 97.4%
87.5%
97.5% to 102.4%
100.0%
102.5% to 107.4%
112.5%
107.5% to 112.4%
125.0%
112.5% to 117.4%
137.5%
117.5% +
150.0%

In order to qualify for an individual performance award, the weighted average of the financial metrics must be at least 80%. Once this threshold level is achieved, individual performance awards range from 0% to 150% of the target, based on an assessment of executive performance against expectations established at the beginning of each year. Individual performance for the Chief Executive Officer is determined with consideration of matters such as leadership of the senior management team, community involvement and presence, market expansion and enhancement, strategic planning and implementation, corporate governance, investor relations, talent acquisition and development, risk management and ability to focus the Corporation on the long-term interests of our shareholders.  For the other named executive officers, individual performance is determined with consideration of matters such as leadership, strategic planning, and achievement of business unit operational and/or production goals. The Committee relies upon the assessment of the performance of the Chief Executive Officer by the independent directors of the


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 24



Corporation’s Board, and considers the Chief Executive Officer’s assessment of the performance of all other senior executives.
2019 Awards
Corporate performance targets and actual results for 2019 are outlined in the following table. This performance resulted in a payout of 95.8% for the corporate performance component.
Metric
2019 Performance Targets
2019 GAAP Results
Award Level
Net Income
$70,798,000
$69,118,000
100.0%
EPS
$4.04
$3.96
100.0%
ROE
15.01%
14.34%
87.5%
Final Corporate Performance Award
95.8%

Individual performance was assessed based on the criteria described earlier.  The Committee noted the following regarding the individual performance of the named executive officers:
Mr. Handy received a 132.1% award under the individual performance component due to strong leadership of the Corporation as evidenced by our strong results, including record 2019 earnings, continued solid profitability results and strong peer group performance. In making this award determination, the Committee recognized Mr. Handy’s efforts in providing leadership for strategic initiatives; strengthening and expanding the corporate brand; driving organic growth while effectively managing risk; acquiring key talent in order to position the Corporation for future success; and strong contribution to our investor relations efforts.
Mr. Gim received a 144.5% award under the individual performance component due to strong job performance, as well as his contributions to the Corporation’s overall success. The Committee recognized the strong performance of the business lines under his leadership, including most notably, the Retail Lending division which achieved a record $945.5 million in mortgage origination volume and generated mortgage banking revenues totaling $14.8 million. Additionally, the Committee recognized Mr. Gim’s significant contributions to the planning and execution of strategic initiatives, as well as his strong contribution to our investor relations efforts.
Mr. Ohsberg received a 103.9% award under the individual performance component due to solid job performance, as well as his contributions to the Corporation’s overall success. This includes, most notably, strategic analysis regarding key financial aspects of our business, leadership in executing strategic initiatives, guidance regarding capital management strategies and his strong contribution to our investor relations efforts.
Ms. Ryan received a 110.6% award under the individual performance component due to solid job performance, as well as her contributions to the Corporation’s overall success. This includes her strategic efforts to increase the profitability of the wealth management division through maximizing capabilities, optimizing systems, creating new service models, streamlining processes and leveraging internal talent. Further, while total net new assets under management results were below plan due to client attrition related to the departure of two senior counselors within the Weston Financial Group, Inc. subsidiary, net new assets under management in all other wealth management business lines was significantly above plan. Therefore, the Committee wanted to recognize her efforts in focusing the team on client acquisition and retention efforts.
Mr. Hagerty received a 115.0% award under the individual performance component due to strong job performance. Under his leadership, total commercial loans surpassed $2.1 billion at the end of 2019, up 6% from 2018, and the Corporation had successful deposit gathering results for commercial and cash management customers, which contributed to a record $3.2 billion of in-market deposits as of December 31, 2019.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 25



Annual Performance Plan awards for the named executive officers are outlined in the following table:
 
Corporate Performance Component Award (95.8%)
Individual Performance Component Award (0-150%)
Total Plan Payment
Overall Percentage of Plan Target
Handy

$201,147


$118,853


$320,000

106.7%
Gim

$94,141


$60,859


$155,000

110.4%
Ohsberg

$60,951


$44,049


$105,000

99.0%
Ryan

$50,863


$39,137


$90,000

101.7%
Hagerty

$58,335


$46,665


$105,000

103.5%
_______________________
Wealth Management Business Building Incentive Plan
Ms. Ryan is eligible for an additional bonus payment based upon the performance of the wealth management division.  This incentive is intended to drive growth in the wealth management business line, which is an important contributor to our net income.  Plan performance is measured in terms of division pre-tax earnings, revenues, and net new assets under management (new accounts and solicited additions/upgrades less lost business, excluding routine flows and market appreciation/depreciation).  The target payment is $90,000 ($30,000 for each metric), with a range of 0% to 150% based upon actual performance.  The plan payment is determined by assessing achievement of each metric individually against its target.  Performance exceeding a threshold of 70% of the performance target will result in progressively increasing payment levels, ranging from 25% to 150% of the target award.  Regardless of the actual award determined by the plan parameters, the Committee has the discretion to modify any award downwards. Plan payments are subject to recoupment as described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy” later in this Proxy Statement.
In 2019, plan targets were:  (i) division pre-tax earnings of $14,642,100; (ii) division revenues of $42,175,100; and (iii) net new assets under management of $65,000,000.  During 2019, the wealth management division met 82.0% of the pre-tax earnings goal, 87.4% of the revenue goal, and did not meet the minimum threshold for the net new assets under management goal.  This performance resulted in a total bonus payment of $33,750 to Ms. Ryan under this plan, which is equal to 37.5% of the plan target.

Long-Term Equity Incentive Compensation (100% Performance-Based Equity)
The granting of stock-based incentives is viewed as a desirable long-term incentive compensation strategy because it closely links the interests of management with shareholders; provides an opportunity for increased executive stock ownership; aids in executive retention; and rewards executives for focusing on long-term stock value.  In determining the form of equity to be granted, the Committee considers many factors, including the ability to drive corporate performance; retention and stock ownership; tax and accounting treatment; and impact on dilution.  
Performance Share Unit Grant in 2019
We are committed to providing compensation that reinforces a strong link between pay and performance for our executive leadership team. Our equity compensation program is designed to achieve this objective. Therefore, 100% of all long-term equity incentive grants to named executive officers were made in the form of performance share units in 2019. The awards were designed to position total compensation at the 50th percentile with opportunities for upward and downward adjustment based on actual corporate performance compared to an industry comparator group, providing true pay for performance through the leveraging of equity awards.
Selecting and defining the performance measurements for the award was a critical decision for the Committee. Measures needed to reflect our strategic plan and growth strategy, as well as shareholder expectations.  In addition, measures had to be within the control and influence of the grantees so that there is a true correlation between actual contribution and reward.  After reviewing a number of performance


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 26



metrics, the Committee decided to base performance on relative core return on equity (“Relative Core ROE”) and relative core earnings per share growth (“Relative Core EPS Growth”), with the two metrics having equal weighting. Provisions related to the 2019 grant are outlined below.
Range of potential awards: 0% to 200% of the target award
Performance measurement period: January 1, 2019 through December 31, 2021
Performance criteria: Relative Core ROE and Relative Core EPS Growth performance. Core measurements are defined by S&P Global Market Intelligence as GAAP results adjusted to use net income after taxes and before extraordinary items, less net income attributable to non-controlling interest, gain on the sale of held to maturity and available for sale securities, amortization of intangibles, goodwill and nonrecurring items. S&P Global Market Intelligence uses a consistent tax rate in all tax adjusted metrics.
Industry comparator group: All publicly-traded banks and thrifts located in New England and the Mid-Atlantic (excluding institutions in Puerto Rico) with assets of $2.0 billion to $9.0 billion (based on information published by S&P Global Market Intelligence).  
Dividend equivalents: Dividends will be paid retroactively in cash only on earned shares once the award is earned and the earned shares are actually issued.
2019 performance share unit grants for the named executive officers are summarized in the following table:
 
Range of Payouts (# of Shares)
 
Minimum
Threshold
Target
Maximum
Relative Performance (a)
0-25th percentile
25th percentile
50th percentile
100th percentile
Handy

3,600

7,200

14,400

Gim

1,800

3,600

7,200

Ohsberg

1,400

2,800

5,600

Ryan

1,250

2,500

5,000

Hagerty

1,250

2,500

5,000

(a)
The Corporation must achieve threshold performance at the 25th percentile for each metric to qualify for an award based on that metric. Payouts range from 50% to 200% of the target award based on a straight line interpolation for performance from the 25th percentile to the 100th percentile.
______________________

Except as outlined in the next sentence, each award is subject to forfeiture in the event of the executive’s termination of employment prior to the three-year anniversary of the grant. Each award is subject to acceleration in the event of a change in control, death, retirement or disability prior to the three-year anniversary of the grant, with the number of earned shares based on the Corporation’s performance during a shortened performance period. This shortened performance period will include any completed calendar year and year-to-date performance through the last completed calendar quarter preceding the acceleration event, with partial years weighted accordingly. In the event of retirement or disability, the earned shares will be further adjusted for the number of completed months within the 36-month vesting period. The grant is subject to recoupment as described under the heading ““Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy” later in this Proxy Statement.
2016 Performance Share Unit Awards that Became Earned in 2019
In 2016, Messrs. Handy, Gim and Hagerty were granted performance share units with an opportunity to earn from 0% to 200% of the target award based on the Corporation’s Relative Core EPS Growth and Relative Core ROE performance during the measurement period of January 1, 2016 through December 31, 2018. These grants were structured in the same manner described earlier, except that the industry comparator group was based on all publicly-traded banks and thrifts located in New England and the Mid-Atlantic (excluding institutions in Puerto Rico) with assets of $1.5 billion to $7.0 billion. On March 29, 2019, the Committee certified the following performance results:


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 27



 
Percentile Ranking
Metric
Calendar Year 2016
Calendar Year 2017
Calendar Year 2018
Weighted Average
    Core Return on Equity
94.7%
97.2%
98.8%
96.9%
    Core EPS Growth
30.6%
37.5%
64.4%
44.2%
    Final Performance Relative to Industry Comparator Group
70.6%

Based on this performance, the executives earned 141.2% of the target award, plus dividends payable on earned shares from the grant date through the issuance date. The final earned awards are outlined in the following table.
 
Range of Payouts (# of Shares)
Final Award Earned
 
Minimum
Threshold
Target
Maximum
Shares
Dividends
Handy

2,300

4,600

9,200

6,495

$33,969
Gim

1,550

3,100

6,200

4,377

$22,892
Hagerty

1,550

3,100

6,200

4,377

$22,892

Compensation-Related Policies and Practices
Stock Ownership and Equity Retention Guidelines
The Committee believes that stock ownership aligns financial interests with shareholders and focuses executives and directors on long-term company performance.  We have established stock ownership guidelines for executives and directors as outlined below.  Until ownership targets are achieved, equity grant retention guidelines apply.
 
Stock Ownership Requirement
Equity Grant Retention Guideline
Chief Executive Officer
2 times base salary
50% of all vested equity grants (a)
All Other Named Executive Officers
1 times base salary
50% of all vested equity grants (a)
Non-employee Directors
5 times retainer (b)
100% of all vested equity grants
(a)
net of any shares withheld to satisfy the tax liability or fund the purchase price of such grant.
(b)
expected within five years of joining the Board.
_______________________

As of December 31, 2019, Messrs. Gim and Hagerty have attained the applicable ownership target. Ms. Ryan and Messrs. Handy and Ohsberg are adhering to the retention guidelines. All non-employee directors except Ms. Howes and Mr. Ruggieri have attained the ownership target.
Anti-Hedging Policy
The Corporation’s Insider Trading Policy prohibits directors, executive officers and certain other employees from engaging in hedging transactions with respect to the Corporation’s securities. Further, pledging of the Corporation’s securities is permitted on a case by case basis with the approval of the Audit Committee; currently no named executive officer has pledged any stock.
Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy
In order to further align management’s interests with the interests of shareholders and support good governance practices, all cash incentive awards and performance share unit awards made prior to March 2020 to the named executive officers included a recoupment or “clawback” provision. In the event that the Corporation is required to prepare an accounting restatement due to the material noncompliance with any financial reporting requirement under the Federal securities laws, the executive will be required to reimburse the Corporation for any amount that would not have been earned based on the restated financial results.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 28



In March 2020, the Corporation expanded its recoupment policy through the adoption of the Incentive Compensation Clawback and Forfeiture Policy, which applies to all future cash incentive payments and equity compensation grants after that date. The policy provides that:
In the event (a) the Corporation is required to restate previously reported financial statements due to material noncompliance with any financial reporting requirements or (b) it is discovered that an award was based on materially inaccurate performance results (whether or not the executive was responsible for the inaccuracy), executive officers are required to reimburse the Corporation for any cash or equity award that would not have been earned based on the financial results contained in the restatement or corrected or adjusted performance results.
In the event of (a) the executive’s misconduct; (b) the gross or willful failure of the executive to take action with respect to any act(s) of misconduct by an employee in his or her business unit; or (c) the executive directs any other person to take any act(s) of misconduct, the Compensation Committee may require the executive to reimburse the Corporation for any cash or equity award made within the three-year period preceding the triggering event, in an amount determined by the Committee and/or forfeit any outstanding cash or equity grants in whole or in part.
Under the policy, misconduct is defined as the occurrence of any one or more of the following events:
a willful act of dishonesty by the executive with respect to any material matter involving the Corporation or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates;
a gross or willful violation of the Corporation’s policies and/or the Corporation’s Code of Ethics and Standards of Personal Conduct (the “Code of Ethics”);
actions that have caused or might reasonably be expected to cause significant reputational or other harm to the Corporation;
the commission by the executive or indictment of the executive for (i) a felony or (ii) any misdemeanor involving moral turpitude, deceit, dishonesty or fraud (“indictment,” for these purposes, means an indictment, probable cause hearing or any other procedure pursuant to which an initial determination of probable or reasonable cause with respect to such offense is made); or
the gross or willful failure by the executive to substantially perform his or her duties with the Corporation (after being provided written notice of the scope and nature of the failure, with the opportunity for the executive to remedy such failure).
The Compensation Committee has the sole authority regarding all determinations for the application and operation of the policy.

Deductibility of Executive Compensation
Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), generally places a $1 million limit on the amount of compensation a company can deduct in any one year for certain executive officers and certain other individuals. While the Committee considers tax deductibility as one factor in determining executive compensation, the Committee also looks at other factors in making its decisions, as noted above, and retains the flexibility to award compensation that it determines to be consistent with the goals of our executive compensation program even if the awards are not deductible by us for tax purposes. The exemption from Section 162(m)'s deduction limit for performance-based compensation has been repealed, effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, such that compensation paid to our named executive officers in excess of $1 million will not be deductible unless it qualifies for the limited transition relief applicable to certain arrangements in place as of November 2, 2017.
Despite the Committee's efforts to structure certain performance-based awards in a manner intended to be exempt from Section 162(m) and therefore not subject to its deduction limits, because of ambiguities and uncertainties as to the application and interpretation of Section 162(m) and the regulations issued thereunder, including the uncertain scope of the transition relief under the legislation repealing the performance-based compensation exemption from the deduction limit, no assurance can be given that compensation intended to satisfy the requirements for exemption from Section 162(m) in fact will. Further,


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 29



the Committee reserves the right to modify compensation that was initially intended to be exempt from Section 162(m) if it determines that such modifications are consistent with our business needs. The Committee believes that shareholder interests are best served if its discretion and flexibility in awarding compensation is not restricted, even though some compensation awards may result in non-deductible compensation expenses.

Retirement and Other Benefits
Pension Plan
The Bank maintains a tax-qualified defined benefit Pension Plan. Plan entry was closed for all new hires and rehires after September 30, 2007, and all benefit accruals will be frozen on December 31, 2023. Mr. Gim continued to accrue benefits under the Pension Plan in 2019. Messrs. Handy, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan were hired after September 30, 2007, and therefore, are not eligible to participate in the Pension Plan.
Pension benefits are available at normal retirement age (typically age 65), with reduced benefits available as early as age 55 with ten years of service. The annual pension benefit for an employee retiring at normal retirement age is the sum of (1) 1.2% of average annual pension compensation plus (2) 0.65% of average annual pension compensation in excess of the Social Security covered compensation level, multiplied by the number of years of service limited to 35 years. Pension compensation consists of base salary plus payments pursuant to the Annual Performance Plan and other cash-based payments, subject to IRS qualified plan limits ($280,000 in 2019). In 2019, the Social Security covered compensation level was $85,920 for a participant retiring at age 65.
Supplemental Pension Plan
The Bank also offers a Supplemental Pension Plan, which provides for payments of certain amounts that would have been received under the Pension Plan in the absence of IRS limits. Benefits payable under the Supplemental Pension Plan are an unfunded obligation of the Bank. Mr. Gim continued to accrue benefits under the Supplemental Pension Plan in 2019.
401(k) Plan
The Bank maintains a 401(k) Plan that covers substantially all employees, and is an essential part of the retirement package needed to attract and retain employees.  The Plan provides for deferral of up to the lesser of 75% of plan compensation or the annual dollar limit prescribed by the Code.
The Bank matches 100% of the first 1% and 50% of the next 4% of each participant’s salary deferrals up to a maximum match of 3% of plan compensation.  Additionally, certain eligible employees who are hired or rehired after September 30, 2007, and therefore, excluded from participation in the Pension Plan, including Messrs. Handy, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan, are eligible for a non-elective employer contribution of 4% of plan compensation. Participants become vested in employer contributions after two years of service.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
We provide a Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan that permits key employees, including the named executive officers, to defer salary and bonus with the opportunity for supplemental retirement and tax benefits.  The plan also provides for credits of certain amounts that would have been contributed by the Bank under the 401(k) Plan, but for the deferral under the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan and IRS limitations on annual compensation under qualified plans.  Further, Mr. Handy receives an additional employer contribution of 5% of salary annually. Participants become vested in employer contributions after two years of service.
Deferrals are credited with earnings/losses based upon the participant’s selection of investment measurement options (described further under the heading “Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan” later in this Proxy Statement). Because all investment measurement options are publicly-traded mutual funds, we do not consider any of the earnings credited under the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan to be “above market”.  Benefits payable under this plan are an unfunded obligation of the Bank.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 30



Welfare Benefits
In order to attract and retain employees, we provide certain welfare benefit plans to our employees, which include medical and dental insurance benefits.  The named executive officers participate in the medical and dental insurance plans under the same terms as our other full-time employees.  All full-time employees, including the named executive officers, are offered cash-in-lieu of medical coverage that would otherwise have been provided.
We provide two times base salary in life and accidental death and dismemberment insurance for our full-time employees, including the named executive officers.  This is provided through a combination of group life insurance contracts and split dollar arrangements under bank-owned life insurance policies.  The life insurance benefit provided to the named executive officers does not exceed the benefit offered to other full-time employees.
We also provide disability insurance to our full-time employees, including the named executive officers, which provides up to 60% of base salary income replacement after six months of qualified disability.  In order to obtain a competitive group rate, the group disability policy limited covered base salary to $319,080 in 2019.  This group plan limit did not fully cover the base salary of certain named executive officers.  To provide a benefit commensurate with the benefits provided to other full-time employees, we reimburse Mr. Handy for a pro-rata share of his personal disability insurance policy.

Perquisites and Other Benefits
We provide named executive officers with perquisites and other benefits that the Committee believes are reasonable and consistent with our overall compensation program.  Perquisites include transportation benefits and country club memberships, as appropriate for business purposes.  Annually, the Committee reviews the perquisites and other benefits provided to named executive officers.  In addition, on an annual basis, the Compensation Committee Chairperson reviews the expense reports of the named executive officers to ensure that all reimbursements are reasonable and appropriate.  On January 21, 2020, this review was completed with respect to 2019 expense reimbursements and no exceptions were noted.

Change in Control Agreements
The Committee believes that change in control agreements promote stability and continuity of senior leadership as well as eliminate, or at least reduce, the reluctance of management to pursue potential change in control transactions that may be in the best interests of shareholders. Therefore, we have entered into change in control agreements with Messrs. Handy, Gim, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan.  
Upon a termination event (as defined in the change in control agreements) in connection with a change in control, the named executive officers would be eligible for (a) a severance payment equal to a multiple of the sum of base salary in effect at the time of termination plus the average bonus paid within the three-year period prior to the change in control; and (b) benefit continuation for a period of additional months of medical and dental insurance coverage.  The terms for each executive are set forth in the following table.
 
Multiple of Base and Bonus
Length of Benefit Continuation
Handy
3
36 months
Gim, Ohsberg, Ryan and Hagerty
2
24 months

Payments and benefits otherwise provided to the executive in connection with a change in control will be reduced so that no portion would be subject to the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code, if such reduction would result in a greater amount of payments and benefits on a net after-tax basis. 
Payments under the change in control agreements would be triggered if:
in the event of a change in control (as defined in the change in control agreements) of the Corporation or the Bank, (a) the Corporation or the Bank terminates the executive for reasons other than for Cause (as defined in the change in control agreements) or death or disability of the executive within 12 months after such change in control; or (b) within 12 months of a change in


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 31



control, the executive resigns for Good Reason (as defined in the change in control agreements), which includes a substantial adverse change in the nature or scope of the executive’s responsibilities and duties, a material reduction in the executive’s salary, relocation, or a failure of the Corporation or the Bank to obtain an effective agreement from any successor to assume the change in control agreements; or
the executive is terminated by the Corporation or the Bank for any reason other than Cause, death or disability during the period of time after the Corporation and/or the Bank enters into a definitive agreement to consummate a transaction involving a change in control and before the transaction is consummated so long as a change in control actually occurs.
The change in control agreements require the executive to provide a general release of claims to receive payment under the agreement and provide an opportunity for the Corporation to remedy a “Good Reason” triggering event. Further, should a six-month delay in payments be required by Section 409A(a)(2)(B)(i) of the Code, we have agreed, upon the executive’s termination of employment, to make an irrevocable contribution to a grantor trust on behalf of the executive in the amount of the severance, plus interest at the short-term applicable federal rate.

Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis beginning on page 19 of this Proxy Statement with management.  Based on that review and discussion, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Corporation’s Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Proxy Statement.
The foregoing report has been furnished by the members of the Compensation Committee:
Edwin J. Santos (Chairperson)
John J. Bowen
Robert A. DiMuccio, CPA
Constance A. Howes, Esq.
Kathleen E. McKeough
 


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 32



Executive Compensation
Summary Compensation Table
The following table shows, for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the compensation of the person who served as Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation (the “CEO”), Chief Financial Officer of the Corporation (the “CFO”), and each of the three most highly compensated executive officers of the Corporation and/or the Bank, serving at the end of the last completed fiscal year, other than the CEO and CFO, whose total compensation exceeded $100,000 in each year.  Compensation for Mr. Ohsberg and Ms. Ryan is presented only for fiscal years ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2019, the only years in the last three fiscal years in which such executives were named executive officers.
SUMMARY COMPENSATION TABLE
Name and Principal Position
Year
Salary ($) (a)
Bonus ($)  (a) (b) (c)
Stock Awards ($)  (d)
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation ($) (a) (b) (e)
Change in Pension Value & Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Earnings ($) (f)
All Other Compensation ($) (g)
Total ($)
Edward O. Handy III
2019
599,904

 

532,930

(h)
320,000


99,359

1,552,193

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation and Bank
2018
575,000

 

688,867

(i)
355,781


94,907

1,714,555

2017
425,000

 
29,750

256,658

(j)
180,625


48,345

940,378

Mark K.W. Gim
2019
350,958

 

266,465

(h)
155,000

629,860

22,776

1,425,059

President and Chief Operating Officer of the Corporation and Bank
2018
340,000

 

341,016

(i)
168,300

115,877

22,117

987,310

2017
283,000

 
13,266

171,105

(j)
187,984

363,118

14,320

1,032,793

Ronald S. Ohsberg, CPA
2019
302,965

 

207,250

(h)
105,000


21,607

636,822

Senior Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of the Corporation and Bank
2018
294,000

 

182,280

(i)
110,000


20,979

607,259




 













Kathleen A. Ryan
2019
294,960

 

185,045

(h)
123,750


32,126

635,881

Executive Vice President and Chief Wealth Management Officer of the Bank
2018
284,600

 

165,191

(i)
140,750


31,371

621,912




 













James M. Hagerty
2019
289,962

 

185,045

(h)
105,000


30,481

610,488

Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer of the Bank
2018
280,000

 

165,191

(i)
115,000


29,564

589,755

2017
260,000

 
13,650

171,105

(j)
91,350


28,159

564,264

(a)
The following table outlines deferrals of salary and bonus under the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan (the “Nonqualified Plan”):
Named Executive Officer
Salary Deferrals ($)
Bonus and Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation Deferrals ($) (1)
2019
2018
2017
2019
2018
2017
Handy
59,990

57,500

42,500

96,000

35,578

21,038

Gim
20,000

15,000

15,000




Ohsberg
30,297

29,400


10,500

11,000


Ryan






Hagerty
14,498

14,000

13,000

10,500

11,500

10,500

(1)
Payments were accrued in the year indicated and paid in the succeeding fiscal year.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 33



(b)
Except as noted, amounts were accrued in the year indicated and paid in the succeeding fiscal year.  Thus, the 2019 bonus was paid in fiscal 2020, the 2018 bonus was paid in fiscal 2019 and the 2017 bonus was paid in fiscal 2018.  
(c)
Amount represents an adjustment made to 2017 Annual Performance Plan awards to exclude the enactment-related impacts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 as described in our proxy statement dated March 13, 2018 for the 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.
(d)
Amount listed reflects the aggregate grant date fair value computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718 in the year indicated. For 2019, assumptions related to the financial reporting of stock awards are presented in Note 17 to the Consolidated Financial Statements presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”).  
(e)
Amount listed reflects payments under the Annual Performance Plan and Wealth Management Business Building Incentive Plan as outlined earlier in this Proxy Statement.
(f)
Amount reflects aggregate change in the value of accumulated benefits under the Pension Plan and Supplemental Pension Plan between December 31 of the year indicated and December 31 of the prior year. The amount represents the increase due to an additional year of service; increases in average annual compensation; increases or decreases due to the passage of time; and increases or decreases due to changes in assumptions. Assumptions for 2019 are described in footnotes to the Pension Benefits table included later in this Proxy Statement. Amounts are based upon the earliest retirement age at which the individual can receive unreduced benefits, which for Mr. Gim is age 65. The present value calculation for the Pension Plan reflects a 50% probability that the pension is paid as a lump sum and a 50% probability that it is paid as a life annuity. The present value calculation for the Supplemental Pension Plan assumes payment as a life annuity.
(g)
The following table shows the components of this column for 2019:
Named Executive Officer
Life and Disability Insurance ($)
Cash in Lieu of Benefits ($)
Employer Contributions
Country Club Membership ($)
Auto and Parking Allowance ($)
Value of Non-cash Items ($) (1)
Total ($)
401(k) Plan ($)
Nonqualified Plan  ($)
Handy
6,388

(2)

19,600

52,389

8,622

12,360


99,359

Gim
95

 

8,400

2,129

3,392

8,760


22,776

Ohsberg
399

 

19,087

2,121




21,607

Ryan
399

 
1,500

19,600

1,047

7,000

2,580


32,126

Hagerty
399

 

19,282

1,015

7,000

2,760

25

30,481

(1)
Reflects the value of non-cash items received under the Corporation’s volunteerism program.
(2)
Amount listed includes a disability insurance premium of $6,293. All other amounts reflect life insurance premiums.
(h)
Reflects the fair value of the performance share unit grants based on the grant date probable outcome assumption of relative performance at the 70th percentile; the maximum value of this award assuming performance at the highest level for Ms. Ryan and Messrs. Handy, Gim, Ohsberg and Hagerty is $264,350; $761,328; $380,664; $296,072; and $264,350, respectively.
(i)
Amounts reflect the fair value of the performance share unit grants made in 2018. The following table summarizes the grant date fair value and maximum value of each grant:
Named Executive Officer
Annual Grant
One-time Promotional Grant
Total Grant Value
Grant Date Fair Value (1)
Maximum Value (2)
Grant Date Fair Value (1)
Maximum Value (2)
Grant Date Fair Value (1)
Maximum Value (2)
Handy
478,485

683,550

210,382

300,545

688,867

984,095

Gim
235,445

336,350

105,571

150,815

341,016

487,165

Ohsberg
182,280

260,400



182,280

260,400

Ryan
165,191

235,988



165,191

235,988

Hagerty
165,191

235,988



165,191

235,988

(1)
Reflects the fair value of the performance share grant based on the grant date probable outcome assumption of relative performance at the 70th percentile.
(2)
Represents the maximum value of this award assuming performance at the highest level.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 34



(j)
Reflects the fair value of the performance share unit grants based on the grant date probable outcome assumption of relative performance at the 75th percentile; the maximum value of this award assuming performance at the highest level for Messrs. Handy, Gim, and Hagerty is $342,210; $228,140; and $228,140, respectively.
______________________

Grants of Plan-Based Awards
The following table contains information concerning grants of plan-based awards under our cash and equity incentive plans to the named executive officers during the year ended December 31, 2019.
GRANTS OF PLAN-BASED AWARDS
 
 
Estimated Future Payouts Under Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards
Estimated Future Payouts Under Equity Incentive Plan Awards
All Other Stock Awards: Number of Shares of Stock or Units (#)
All Other Option Awards:  Number of Securities Underlying Options (#)
Exercise or Base Price of Option Awards ($/Sh)
Grant Date Fair Value of Stock and Option Awards ($)
Name
Grant Date
Threshold
($)
Target
($)
Maximum
($)
Threshold
(#)
Target
(#)
Maximum
(#)
Handy
03/13/19
149,976

299,952

449,928

(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
01/17/19
 
 
 
 
3,600

7,200

14,400

(b)
 
 

532,930

(c)
Gim
03/13/19
70,192

140,383

210,575

(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
01/17/19
 
 
 
 
1,800

3,600

7,200

(b)
 
 

266,465

(c)
Ohsberg
03/13/19
53,019

106,038

159,057

(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
01/17/19
 
 
 
 
1,400

2,800

5,600

(b)
 
 

207,250

(c)
Ryan
03/13/19
44,244

88,488

132,732

(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
03/13/19
22,500

90,000

135,000

(d)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
01/17/19
 
 
 
 
1,250

2,500

5,000

(b)
 
 

185,045

(c)
Hagerty
03/13/19
50,744

101,487

152,231

(a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
01/17/19
 
 
 
 
1,250

2,500

5,000

(b)
 
 

185,045

(c)
(a)
Reflects the 2019 threshold, target and maximum award available under the Annual Performance Plan.  Awards under the Annual Performance Plan are based upon achievement of both corporate and individual goals.  Threshold awards assume corporate performance at 80% of plan (resulting in a 50% payout on the corporate performance component) and individual performance at 50%.  This plan is described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Short-Term Cash Incentive Compensation” earlier in this Proxy Statement.  Actual awards are reflected in the Summary Compensation Table.  The grant date represents the date that the terms were approved by the Committee.
(b)
Reflects the threshold, target and maximum number of shares available under the performance share unit award granted on January 17, 2019. This grant is described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Long-Term Equity Compensation (Performance-Based Equity)” earlier in this Proxy Statement.
(c)
For purposes of this table, we have assumed that relative performance will be at the 70th percentile, resulting in a 140% award.  The actual number of shares that will be earned will depend on the Corporation’s relative performance during the performance measurement period and, therefore, actual amounts may be different.
(d)
Reflects the 2019 threshold, target and maximum award available under the Wealth Management Business Building Incentive Plan.  This plan is described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Short-Term Cash Incentive Compensation” earlier in this Proxy Statement.  The actual award is reflected in the Summary Compensation Table.  The grant date represents the date the terms were approved by the Compensation Committee.
______________________



Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 35



Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End
The following table sets forth information with respect to the named executive officers concerning unexercised stock option awards and unvested stock awards as of December 31, 2019.
OUTSTANDING EQUITY AWARDS AT FISCAL YEAR END
Name
Option Awards
Stock Awards
Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Options (#)
Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options (#)
Option Exercise Price ($)
Option Expiration Date
Number of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested (#)
Market Value of Shares or Units of Stock That Have Not Vested ($) (a)
Equity Incentive Plan Awards:
Number of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested (#)
Market or Payout Value of Unearned Shares, Units or Other Rights That Have Not Vested ($) (a)
Exercisable
Unexercisable
Handy








4,950

(b)
266,261

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





12,600

(c)
677,754

 
 
 
 
 
 





5,540

(d)
297,997

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14,400

(e)
774,576

Gim
4,100





$17.52
6/1/2020










 
 
 
 
 
 
3,300

(b)
177,507

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6,200

(c)
333,498

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,780

(d)
149,536

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,200

(e)
387,288

Ohsberg








2,000

(f)
107,580




 
 
 
 
 
 










 
 
 
 
 
 





4,800

(c)
258,192

 
 
 
 
 
 





5,600

(e)
301,224

Ryan
2,000





$40.25
10/18/2026
 
 
 



 
1,800

(g)
 
$58.05
10/17/2027
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
500

(h)
26,895






 
 
 
 
 
 





4,350

(c)
233,987

 
 
 
 
 
 





5,000

(e)
268,950

Hagerty
2,000





$24.73
7/9/2022








 
 
 
 
 
 
3,300

(b)
177,507






 
 
 
 
 
 





4,350

(c)
233,987

 
 
 
 
 
 





5,000

(e)
268,950

(a)
Based upon December 31, 2019 fair market value of $53.79.
(b)
Amount represents a performance share unit award that was based on the Corporation’s relative performance during the performance measurement period beginning January 1, 2017 and ending December 31, 2019, and was further subject to a time-based vesting period, which ended on January 19, 2020. For purposes of this table, we have estimated that the Corporation’s relative performance will be at a percentile ranking of 75.0, resulting in 150.0% of the target award being earned. Final performance results will be ascertained in early 2020, and may be different than the amount listed in this table.
(c)
The actual number of shares that will be earned under this award depends on the Corporation’s relative performance during the performance measurement period beginning on January 1, 2018 and ending December 31, 2020. We estimate relative performance at the percentile ranking of 70.0, resulting in a 140.0% award.  As the instructions indicate, when performance is assumed to have exceeded the threshold, this table shall be based on the next higher performance measure that exceeds that assumed performance level. Accordingly, we have included the maximum number of shares that can be earned.  Actual results may be different.
(d)
The actual number of shares that will be earned under this award depends on the Corporation’s relative performance during the performance measurement period beginning on January 1, 2018 and ending December 31, 2022. We estimate relative performance at the percentile ranking of 70.0, resulting in a 140.0% award.  As the instructions indicate, when performance is assumed to have exceeded the threshold, this table shall be based on the next higher performance measure that exceeds that assumed performance level. Accordingly, we have included the maximum number of shares that can be earned.  Actual results may be different.
(e)
The actual number of shares that will be earned under this award depends on the Corporation’s relative performance during the performance measurement period beginning on January 1, 2019 and ending December 31,


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 36



2021. We estimate relative performance at the percentile ranking of 70.0 resulting in a 140.0% award.  As the instructions indicate, when performance is assumed to have exceeded the threshold, this table shall be based on the next higher performance measure that exceeds that assumed performance level. Accordingly, we have included the maximum number of shares that can be earned.  Actual results may be different.
(f)
This restricted stock unit grant will become fully vested on June 1, 2022.
(g)
This nonqualified stock option grant will become fully vested on October 17, 2020.
(h)
This restricted stock unit grant will become fully vested on October 17, 2020.
______________________

Option Exercises and Stock Vested
The following table sets forth information with respect to the named executive officers concerning the exercise of stock options and stock awards that vested during the year ended December 31, 2019.
OPTION EXERCISES AND STOCK VESTED
 
Option Awards
Stock Awards
Named Executive Officer
Number of Shares Acquired on Exercise (#)
Value Realized on Exercise ($)
Number of Shares Acquired on Vesting (#)
Value Realized on Vesting ($)
Handy

 

 
6,495

(a)
353,068

(b)
Gim

 

 
4,377

(a)
237,934

(b)
Ohsberg

 

 

 

 
Ryan

 

 
500

 
24,510

 
Hagerty
2,000


55,880


4,377

(a)
237,934

(b)
(a)
Amount shown represents the final award under a performance share unit grant made on January 20, 2016. This performance share unit award and related performance results are discussed in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Long-Term Equity Incentive Compensation (Performance-Based Equity)” earlier in this Proxy Statement. Taking into consideration shares withheld for payment of applicable taxes, Messrs. Handy, Gim and Hagerty acquired a net amount of 3,551; 2,393; and 2,393 shares, respectively.
(b)
Amount shown represents the value of shares earned and related dividends on the date performance results were certified by the Committee.



Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 37



Pension Benefits
The following table sets forth information with respect to the pension benefits of the named executive officers. Information about the Pension Plan and Supplemental Pension Plan can be found under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Retirement and Other Benefits” earlier in this Proxy Statement. Messrs. Handy, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan are not eligible to participate in these retirement plans, and therefore, are excluded from the table.
PENSION BENEFITS
Named Executive Officer
Plan Name
Number of Years Credited Service (#)
Present Value of Accumulated Benefit ($) (a)
Payments During Last Fiscal Year ($)
Gim
Pension Plan
26.3
1,117,910


 
 
Supplemental Pension Plan
26.3
1,008,049


 
(a)
Present value of accumulated benefits under the Pension Plan and Supplemental Pension Plan as of December 31, 2019, determined using mortality assumptions after benefit commencement based on the RP-2014 Mortality Tables projected back to 2006 using the MP-2014 projection scale and projected forward generationally using Scale MP-2019 (generational) with no mortality assumption prior to benefit commencement and other assumptions consistent with those presented in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements presented in the 2019 Form 10-K, except that retirement age for Mr. Gim is based upon age 65, the earliest retirement age at which he can receive unreduced benefits.  Present value is expressed as a lump-sum; however, the Supplemental Pension Plan does not provide for payment of benefits in a lump-sum, but rather payment only in the form of an annuity with monthly benefit payments.  The present value calculation for the Pension Plan reflects a 50% probability that the pension is paid as a lump sum and a 50% probability that it is paid as a life annuity. The present value calculation for the Supplemental Pension Plan assumes payment as a life annuity.
______________________

Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
We provide executives with the opportunity to defer up to 100% of regular base salary earnings (but not below the level sufficient to cover any required withholding taxes and any elected benefit plan deductions) and annual bonus earnings into the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan.  This plan also provides certain employer contributions, as described earlier in this Proxy Statement.
The following table outlines employee and employer contributions to the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan, earnings on plan balances during the year and the aggregate amount of all plan obligations as of December 31, 2019.
NONQUALIFIED DEFERRED COMPENSATION
Named Executive Officer
Executive Contributions in Last FY ($) (a)
Registrant Contributions in Last FY ($) (b)
Aggregate Earnings in Last FY ($)
Aggregate Withdrawals/ Distributions ($)
Aggregate Balance at Last FYE ($) (c)
Handy
95,568

52,389

214,656

996,474

Gim
20,000

2,129

102,006

487,359

Ohsberg
41,297

2,121

15,151

108,401

Ryan

1,047

149

1,872

Hagerty
25,998

1,015

36,938

244,718

(a)
Reflects deferrals of salary and bonus payments that were accrued under the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan during 2019.  Salary amounts are disclosed in the Summary Compensation Table under the year 2019.  Bonus amounts are disclosed in the Summary Compensation Table under the year 2018.  
(b)
Represents credits for amounts that would have been contributed by the Bank under the 401(k) Plan, but for certain IRS limitations, as described earlier in this Proxy Statement.  Mr. Handy’s credit also includes a contribution of 5% of his salary, or $29,995, which is described earlier in this Proxy Statement.  This amount is disclosed in the Summary Compensation Table, under All Other Compensation in 2019.
(c)
Includes employee and employer contributions that have been reflected in the Summary Compensation Table in this Proxy Statement and previous proxy statements as outlined in the table below. Aggregate balance may also


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 38



include amounts contributed when the executive was not a named executive officer; such amounts were not reported in previous proxy statements.
Named Executive Officer
2019 ($)
Previous Years ($)
Total Reported ($)
Handy
147,957

542,618

690,575

Gim
22,129

109,650

131,779

Ohsberg
43,418

37,958

81,376

Ryan
1,047

672

1,719

Hagerty
27,013

139,210

166,223



Contributions are credited with earnings/losses based upon the executive’s selection of publicly-traded mutual funds.  Investment elections can be changed at any time. The following table summarizes the annual rate of return for the year ended December 31, 2019, for the investment options.
Fidelity® Blue Chip Growth Fund - Class K (a)
33.56
%
 
Vanguard 500 Index Fund Admiral Class
31.46
%
Fidelity® Blue Chip Growth Fund - Class K6 (b)
36.11
%
 
T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund (a)
22.47
%
John Hancock Funds Disciplined Value Fund Class I (a)
22.71
%
 
T. Rowe Price Real Estate Fund I Class (b)
22.66
%
John Hancock Funds Disciplined Value Fund Class R6 (b)
22.79
%
 
MFS® Mid Cap Value Fund Class R6
31.08
%
Goldman Sachs Growth Opportunities Fund Institutional Class (a)
34.76
%
 
Vanguard Mid-Cap Index Fund Admiral Shares
31.03
%
MFS Mid Cap Growth Fund Class R6 (b)
37.93
%
 
Fidelity® Treasury Money Market Fund
1.84
%
Carillon Eagle Small Cap Growth Fund Class R5 (a)
25.75
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® Income Fund
10.73
%
Carillon Eagle Small Cap Growth Fund Class R6 (b)
25.90
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2005 Fund
12.34
%
JPMorgan Small Cap Value Fund Class R5 (a)
19.28
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2010 Fund
14.35
%
JPMorgan Small Cap Value Fund Class R6 (b)
19.42
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2015 Fund
16.28
%
Vanguard Small-Cap Index Fund Admiral Shares
27.37
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2020 Fund
17.98
%
Harding Loevner Institutional Emerging Mkts Portfolio
25.76
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2025 Fund
19.45
%
Lazard International Strategic Equity Portfolio Inst. Shares
21.55
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2030 Fund
21.82
%
Vanguard FTSE All-World ex-US Index Fund Admiral Shares
21.55
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2035 Fund
24.49
%
PIMCO Low Duration Fund Class I2 (a)
4.37
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2040 Fund
25.38
%
PIMCO Low Duration Fund Class Institutional Class (b)
4.47
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2045 Fund
25.40
%
Loomis Sayles Core Plus Bond Fund Class Y (a)
8.96
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2050 Fund
25.33
%
Loomis Sayles Core Plus Bond Fund Class N (b)
9.05
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2055 Fund
25.34
%
Vanguard Total Bond Market Index Fund Admiral Shares
8.71
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2060 Fund
25.43
%
Vanguard Inflation-Protected Securities Fund Admiral Shares
8.16
%
 
Fidelity Freedom® 2065 Fund (c)
9.56
%
(a) Fund was available for selection as an investment benchmark from January 1, 2019 through April 12, 2019.
(b) Fund was available for selection as an investment benchmark from April 13, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
(c) Fund was available for selection as an investment benchmark from September 27, 2019 through December 31, 2019.
_______________________

Upon election to defer income, the individual must also elect distribution timing and form of payment.  In-service distributions may be in a lump sum payable in a specific year or in four annual installments commencing in the year a named student reaches age 18.  Accounts may also be distributed commencing in the year following retirement in a lump sum or annual installments over five or ten years.  Retirement is defined as separation from employment after age 65 or after age 55 with 10 or more years of service for executives, and for directors as termination of directorship after age 55.  Employer contributions are always payable in a lump sum in the year following separation. In the event of pre-retirement separation, accounts become payable in a lump sum in the following year, regardless of distribution election.
The Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan has been restated to comply with Section 409A of the Code, which imposed new rules on deferred compensation programs.  These rules generally apply to amounts deferred after December 31, 2004 and related earnings (“post-409A accounts”).  Amounts deferred prior to January 1, 2005 and related earnings (“grandfathered balances”) are subject to the rules applicable prior to


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 39



the effective date of Section 409A.  Participants may change distribution timing and form on grandfathered balances, provided a full calendar year passes between the year in which the change was requested and the new distribution date.  Distribution elections on post-409A accounts may only be changed if (a) the new election is made at least 12 months before the first scheduled payment; (b) the distribution or first installment is delayed at least five years from the originally scheduled payment date; and (c) the new election is not effective until at least 12 months have elapsed.  Participants can receive an early distribution of grandfathered balances, less a withdrawal penalty equal to 10% of the participant’s total grandfathered balance.  In the event of an unforeseeable emergency, executives and directors may receive a distribution from grandfathered balances and/or post-409A accounts, to the extent necessary to meet the emergency and resulting income tax and penalties, subject to certain limitations outlined in the plan.

Potential Post-Employment Payments
The named executive officers are entitled to certain compensation in the event of termination of such executive’s employment.  This section discusses these potential post-employment payments, assuming separation from employment on December 31, 2019.
Severance Pay and Benefit Continuation
We do not have an employment contract with any named executive officer.  Therefore, no severance benefit is payable and there is no continuation of benefit coverage in the event of a named executive officer’s voluntary or involuntary termination, retirement, disability, or death.  Severance and benefit continuation are available in the event of a change in control as discussed in the Potential Post-Employment Payments table presented later in this section.
Retirement Benefits Payable
We consider retirement as separation from service after age 65 or after age 55 with ten years of service. None of the named executive officers were eligible to retire as of December 31, 2019.
As noted earlier, Mr. Gim is eligible to participate in the Pension Plan and Supplemental Pension Plan (collectively, the “Defined Benefit Retirement Plans”). Retirement benefits are not enhanced in the event of Mr. Gim’s voluntary or involuntary termination, retirement, disability or death, nor a change of control of the Corporation. The following table outlines the annual benefits available under the Defined Benefit Retirement Plans, assuming separation from service on December 31, 2019 under various termination scenarios:
 
 
Annual Benefit Payable under Defined Benefit Retirement Plans(a)
Named Executive Officer
Retirement Plan
Voluntary or Involuntary Termination ($)
Retirement ($)
Death Benefit Payable to Surviving Spouse ($)  (b)
Change in Control ($)  (c)
Gim
Pension Plan
112,008


54,318

112,008

 
Supplemental Pension Plan
96,626


46,859

96,626

(a)
Amount reflects the annual benefit payable at age 65 in the normal form, which is a life annuity under the Defined Benefit Retirement Plans. The executive is eligible to take the qualified Pension Plan benefit as a lump sum or to commence a reduced benefit at termination. The Supplemental Pension Plan does not provide for payment of benefits in a lump-sum, but rather payment only in the form of an annuity with monthly benefit payments.
(b)
Amount reflects annual pre-retirement death benefit equal to 50% of the qualified 50% joint and survivor annuity, payable to Mr. Gim’s surviving spouse from his 65th birthday.
(c)
Assumes change in control and immediate termination event as described under the heading “Compensation Discussion and Analysis - Change in Control Agreements” earlier in this Proxy Statement.
_______________________
Messrs. Handy, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan are not eligible to participate in the Defined Benefit Retirement Plans.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 40



Vested Equity Awards
Vested stock option grants, if applicable, are outlined in the Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End table earlier in this Proxy Statement.  A named executive officer may exercise vested stock options at any time through their separation from employment date.  The right to exercise vested stock options is forfeited following separation from employment for all reasons other than retirement and death.
In the event of the death of the named executive officer, the right to exercise vested stock option grants would transfer to the named executive officer’s estate and would expire on the three-year anniversary of the date of death.  In the event of retirement, the named executive officer would have the right to exercise vested nonqualified stock options for three years following retirement and vested incentive stock options for 90 days following retirement.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, all stock options will expire no later than ten years from the date of grant. Messrs. Handy, Gim, Ohsberg and Hagerty and Ms. Ryan were not eligible to retire as of December 31, 2019.
Information regarding the effect on unvested equity grants in a separation from employment is discussed in the Potential Post-Employment Payments table and accompanying footnotes presented later in this section.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan
Obligations under the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Plan generally would become payable in a lump sum in the January following the separation from employment, subject to the six-month delay imposed under Section 409A of the Code.  The aggregate balance of the obligations under this plan can be found in the Nonqualified Deferred Compensation table earlier in this Proxy Statement.  Plan balances represent accrued liabilities for amounts earned and are not enhanced for any voluntary or involuntary termination.


Washington Trust Bancorp, Inc. | 2020 Proxy Statement | 41



The following table presents potential post-employment payments assuming separation from service on December 31, 2019, under various termination scenarios.
POTENTIAL POST-EMPLOYMENT PAYMENTS
Named Executive
Officer
Type of Payment
Involuntary
or Voluntary
Termination
($)
Retirement
($)  (a)
Death
($)
Permanent Disability
($)
Change in
Control
($)  (b)
 Handy
Severance (c)




2,395,513

 
Intrinsic Value of Accelerated Equity (d)(e)


1,578,804

863,377

1,578,804

 
Value of Increased Retirement Benefits





 
Health Benefits (f)




36,288

 
Cutback (g)





 
Total


1,578,804

863,377

4,010,605

 Gim
Severance (c)




1,007,000

 
Intrinsic Value of Accelerated Equity (d)(e)


834,513

476,684

834,513

 
Value of Increased Retirement Benefits





 
Health Benefits (f)




14,726

 
Cutback (g)




(90,705
)
 
Total


834,513

476,684

1,765,534

 Ohsberg
Severance (c)