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Section 1: 8-K (CURRENT REPORT, ITEMS 2.02 AND 9.01)

cffn-20200729
0001490906false00014909062020-07-292020-07-29

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported)
July 29, 2020
CAPITOL FEDERAL FINANCIAL, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)

Maryland001-3481427-2631712
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)(Commission File Number)(IRS Employer Identification No.)


700 South Kansas Avenue,TopekaKansas66603
(Address of principal executive offices)(Zip Code)


Registrant's telephone number, including area code
(785) 235-1341

N/A
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)


Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock,
par value $0.01 per share
CFFNThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
        Emerging growth company
        
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐





ITEM 2.02 RESULTS OF OPERATIONS AND FINANCIAL CONDITION
The Registrant’s press release dated July 29, 2020, announcing financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 is attached hereto as Exhibit 99, and is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 9.01 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND EXHIBITS
(d) Exhibits

Exhibit 99 – Press release announcing earnings dated July 29, 2020
Exhibit 104 – Cover page interactive data file, formatted in Inline XBRL.





SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

CAPITOL FEDERAL FINANCIAL, INC.
Date: July 29, 2020By: /s/ Kent G. Townsend
Kent G. Townsend, Executive Vice-President,
Chief Financial Officer, and Treasurer

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Section 2: EX-99 (PRESS RELEASE ANNOUNCING EARNINGS)

Document


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NEWS RELEASE
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
July 29, 2020
CAPITOL FEDERAL FINANCIAL, INC.®
REPORTS THIRD QUARTER FISCAL YEAR 2020 RESULTS

Topeka, KS - Capitol Federal Financial, Inc.® (NASDAQ: CFFN) (the "Company"), the parent company of Capitol Federal Savings Bank (the "Bank"), announced results today for the quarter ended June 30, 2020. Detailed results will be available in the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020, which will be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on or about August 7, 2020 and posted on our website, http://ir.capfed.com. For best viewing results, please view this release in Portable Document Format (PDF) on our website.

Highlights for the quarter include:
net income of $19.5 million;
basic and diluted earnings per share of $0.14;
net interest margin of 2.07%;
annualized deposit growth of 20.4%;
paid dividends of $11.7 million, or $0.085 per share; and
on July 23, 2020, announced a cash dividend of $0.085 per share, payable on August 21, 2020 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on August 7, 2020.

Impact of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 ("COVID-19") Pandemic During the Current Quarter

During the current quarter, the COVID-19 pandemic continued to have an impact on our customers, employees, and business operations. Management's actions related to COVID-19 and the impact of COVID-19 on certain aspects of the Company's business are summarized below.
Bank operations - In mid-March 2020, preventative health measures were put in place including elimination of business-related travel, implementing mandatory work from home for all employees able to do so, social distancing precautions for all employees in Bank offices, and preventative cleaning at offices and branches. Lobby services were limited to appointment only while drive-through, mobile, and online banking became the Bank's primary channels of serving customers. Retail loan closings have been conducted with customers coming to our drive-through facilities and commercial loans have been closed in person only when necessary. All employees continue to be paid their regular salary and receive full benefits. In mid-May 2020, lobbies reopened with limitations on the number of customers in a branch at one time. We also implemented operational measures to promote social distancing when customers visit branches and installed sneeze guards. There are several other precautions being taken at our locations such as extra cleaning in high traffic/touch areas and providing locations with additional cleaning supplies, hand sanitizer and masks. In early June 2020, back-office employees started to return to the office in phases. Due to the increase in COVID-19 cases in late June into July 2020, management rolled back the changes to the lobbies that occurred mid-May and adjusted the return to office phases, where necessary, for back-office employees. Our lobby services are now again by appointment only. Management continues to monitor COVID-19 cases and will reopen lobbies when we believe it is appropriate to do so.

Loan modification programs - In late March 2020, the Bank announced loan modification programs to support and provide relief for its borrowers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Generally, loan modifications under these programs ("COVID-19 loan modifications") for one- to four-family loans and consumer loans consist of a three-month payment forbearance of principal, interest and, in some cases, escrow.  COVID-19 loan modifications of commercial loans mainly consist of a six-month interest-only payment period. The Bank's COVID-19 loan modifications have not been deemed troubled debt restructurings per current accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP").
As of June 30, 2020, the Bank had processed COVID-19 loan modifications for 896 one- to four-family loans totaling $233.4 million, for which the borrowers had a weighted average credit score of 733, and 94 consumer loans totaling $2.6 million.  Included in these one- to four-family and consumer loan totals are 135 loans with a combined balance of $32.2 million for which the borrowers have requested additional assistance, generally another three-month payment forbearance, and the Bank either completed or was in the
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process of completing a second modification as of July 20, 2020. During the month of July 2020, the Bank completed or was in the process of completing a first modification for an additional $4.8 million of one- to four-family and consumer loans.

As of June 30, 2020, the Bank had processed COVID-19 loan modifications for 229 commercial loans with a combined gross loan amount of $392.8 million, which includes undisbursed amounts.  Included in these totals are six loans with a combined gross loan amount, including undisbursed funds, of $30.6 million for which the borrowers have requested an additional three months of payment deferrals and the Bank was in the process of completing the second modification as of July 20, 2020. The Bank is currently in the process of completing a first modification for one additional commercial loan for $19.2 million.

Small Business Administration ("SBA") Payroll Protection Program ("PPP") loans - As of June 30, 2020, the Bank had originated and funded 700 PPP loans totaling $42.6 million, with a median loan amount of $21 thousand, and received origination fees totaling $1.8 million associated with these loans. These loans are fully guaranteed by the SBA. The program ended June 30, 2020, but was extended on July 6, 2020 through August 8, 2020. Through July 20, 2020, the Bank had originated an additional $520 thousand in PPP loans. The Bank continues to accept applications for PPP loans.

Correspondent loan activity - In an effort to manage the influx of refinance requests from current customers in our local markets during the initial days of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Bank suspended accepting new applications for correspondent one- to four-family loans in mid-March 2020. Correspondent applications and commitments in the pipeline at the time of the suspension continued to progress through the approval and funding process. In mid-June 2020, the Bank resumed accepting new applications for correspondent one- to four-family loans.

Capital, liquidity, and dividends - Management performed stress test scenarios during April 2020. Based on the Company's existing capital levels, deposit inflows, loan underwriting policies, loan concentration, and geographical diversification, no liquidity or capital concerns were identified as a result of the stress tests. Management anticipates being able to manage the economic risks and uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and remain well capitalized with sufficient liquidity to serve our customers.

Deposit balances have increased due primarily to the economic stimulus payments and PPP loans. As a result, management is currently faced with the challenge of excess liquidity. Due to the nature of deposit cash flows, management does not know how long the excess liquidity will be retained. As such, management has elected, for the time being, to reduce the Bank's level of borrowings using the excess liquidity from the deposit portfolio.

With earnings of $0.34 per share, year-to-date, and a cash balance at the holding company level of $89.0 million, the Company has the resources to continue to pay its regular quarterly dividend of $0.085 per share for the foreseeable future. Given the state of economic uncertainty and how that may play out with the credit risk exposure in the Bank's loan portfolio, the Company elected to defer the annual True Blue dividend in June 2020 and did not ask for a regulatory non-objection to move capital from the Bank to the Company to pay that dividend. It is management's intent to ask for a regulatory non-objection at some point in the future and to pay this dividend when economic conditions are more certain. It remains the Company's intent to pay out 100% of its earnings.

Comparison of Operating Results for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020

For the quarter ended June 30, 2020, the Company recognized net income of $19.5 million, or $0.14 per share, compared to net income of $4.3 million, or $0.03 per share, for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. The increase was due primarily to recording a $22.1 million provision for credit losses during the prior quarter, and no provision for credit losses in the current quarter. This was partially offset by an increase in income tax expense and a decrease in net interest income compared to the prior quarter. The net interest margin decreased 12 basis points, from 2.19% for the prior quarter to 2.07% for the current quarter. The decrease in the net interest margin was due mainly to a decrease in the loan portfolio yield, specifically the yield on the correspondent one- to four-family loan portfolio due to an increase in premium amortization as result of an increase in payoff activity.

Markets responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in many ways, with a dramatic lowering of interest rates in a short period of time having the most impact on the operations and performance of the Bank. With the pandemic impacting the United States later in the March 2020 quarter, the opportunity to fully respond in that quarter was somewhat limited. Since the onset of the pandemic, the Bank lowered its offered rates on deposits and restructured its borrowings. We have lowered offered rates on all retail deposit products except checking and savings accounts. Changes in the rates paid on money market accounts have an immediate impact on the cost of our deposits, while the impact of reducing rates offered on our certificate of deposit products lower the cost of deposits only as higher-costing certificates of deposit reprice lower when they mature. During the prior quarter, the Bank was able to restructure the cost of $350.0 million of its Federal Home Loan Bank Topeka ("FHLB") advances by lowering their cost 72 basis points. During the current quarter, we realized the full benefit of that restructuring. As the Bank further monitors rates offered and the cost of borrowings, we anticipate that the average cost of our interest-bearing liabilities will continue to decrease.

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During late February and through much of March, rates offered on our one- to four-family loan products increased in order to control the volume of loans the Bank could process. During the current quarter, the offered rates on our one- to four-family loans decreased along with local market rates, but our ability to process the loan volumes was maintained. Given current rates offered on new loans and the recent volume of one- to four-family refinances and endorsements of terms to lower current market rates, the yield on the total loan portfolio is likely to continue to decrease. Additionally, with significant cash inflows realized due to securities being called and prepayments on mortgage-backed securities ("MBS") increasing, the yields on reinvested funds into new securities are lower than the portfolio yield.

Considering the drastic changes in market rates and the ongoing economic uncertainty, even with the changes the Bank has made to its cost of funding, with the lower rates on new mortgage loans, refinances, endorsements and new securities also at lower rates, our net interest margin could continue to decrease with further downside risk as a result of high levels of prepayments and premium amortization on correspondent loans, as was experienced during the current quarter.

Interest and Dividend Income
The weighted average yield on total interest-earning assets decreased 23 basis points, from 3.55% for the prior quarter to 3.32% for the current quarter, while the average balance of interest-earning assets increased $78.0 million between the two periods. The following table presents the components of interest and dividend income for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, March 31, Change Expressed in:
20202020DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
INTEREST AND DIVIDEND INCOME:
Loans receivable$66,652  $69,613  $(2,961) (4.3)%
MBS5,616  5,866  (250) (4.3) 
FHLB stock1,207  1,714  (507) (29.6) 
Investment securities847  1,382  (535) (38.7) 
Cash and cash equivalents59  380  (321) (84.5) 
Total interest and dividend income$74,381  $78,955  $(4,574) (5.8) 

The weighted average yield on the loans receivable portfolio decreased 17 basis points, from 3.72% for the prior quarter to 3.55% for the current quarter, due mainly to a $2.1 million increase in premium amortization related to correspondent loans as a result of an increase in payoff activity. The decrease in interest income on the MBS portfolio and the investment securities portfolio was due primarily to the purchase of securities at market rates lower than the existing portfolios. The decrease in dividend income on FHLB stock was due mainly to a reduction in the dividend rate paid by FHLB compared to the prior quarter. The decrease in interest income on cash and cash equivalents was due mainly to a decrease in the yield earned on cash held at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City ("FRB of Kansas City").

Interest Expense
The weighted average rate paid on total interest-bearing liabilities decreased 14 basis points, from 1.55% for the prior quarter to 1.41% for the current quarter, while the average balance of interest-bearing liabilities increased $121.2 million between the two periods. The following table presents the components of interest expense for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, March 31, Change Expressed in:
20202020DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
INTEREST EXPENSE:
Deposits$16,533  $17,804  $(1,271) (7.1)%
Borrowings11,561  12,483  (922) (7.4) 
Total interest expense$28,094  $30,287  $(2,193) (7.2) 

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The decrease in interest expense on deposits was due to a decrease in the weighted average rate paid on money market accounts, wholesale certificates of deposit, and retail/business certificates of deposit, partially offset by an increase in the average balance of deposits. Management generally reduced deposit offer rates throughout the quarter as discussed above.

The decrease in interest expense on borrowings was due primarily to a full quarter impact of the replacement of certain FHLB advances at lower market rates. During the prior quarter, the Bank prepaid fixed-rate FHLB advances totaling $350.0 million with a weighted average rate of 2.42%, and replaced these advances with $350.0 million of fixed-rate FHLB advances with a weighted average term of 4.7 years and a weighted average effective rate of 1.70%, which includes the impact of deferred prepayment penalties being recognized over the life of the new advances. Additionally, the Bank reduced the usage of its FHLB line of credit compared to the prior quarter, and did not replace a $100 million FHLB advance, at a rate of 1.61%, that matured during the current quarter.

Provision for Credit Losses
The Bank did not record a provision for credit losses during the current quarter, compared to a provision for credit losses during the prior quarter of $22.1 million. The $22.1 million provision for credit losses in the prior quarter was in recognition of the deterioration of economic conditions as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. There was significant deterioration of economic conditions at March 31, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic which carried into the June 30, 2020 quarter. There was no deterioration in credit quality indicators, such as loan delinquencies, asset classification and credit scores, during the current quarter. Loans 30 to 89 days delinquent were 0.20% of total loans at June 30, 2020 and 0.24% of total loans at March 31, 2020. Loans 90 days or more delinquent or in foreclosure were 0.12% of total loans at June 30, 2020 and 0.10% of total loans at March 31, 2020. The allowance for credit losses ("ACL") to loans receivable ratio was 0.42% at both June 30, 2020 and March 31, 2020. See additional discussion regarding management's evaluation of the adequacy of the Bank's ACL at June 30, 2020 in the Financial Condition section below.

Non-Interest Income
The following table presents the components of non-interest income for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, March 31, Change Expressed in:
20202020DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
NON-INTEREST INCOME:
Deposit service fees$2,539  $2,783  $(244) (8.8)%
Insurance commissions671  400  271  67.8  
Other non-interest income1,229  1,488  (259) (17.4) 
Total non-interest income$4,439  $4,671  $(232) (5.0) 

The decrease in deposit service fees was due mainly to a decrease in service charge income as a result of a decrease in consumer activity stemming primarily from the COVID-19 pandemic.  The increase in insurance commissions was due primarily to the receipt of annual contingent insurance commissions and adjustments to the related accruals during the prior quarter, and no such adjustments during the current quarter. Contingent insurance commissions are performance-based incentives based on certain criteria established by the insurance carriers. These commissions are accrued based on management's expectations and are adjusted when the funds are received. The decrease in other non-interest income was due primarily to a decrease in income associated with interest rate swap collateral, a decrease in commercial loan late fees, and a decrease in income from bank-owned life insurance ("BOLI") resulting from a decrease in yield on the Bank's BOLI policies.

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Non-Interest Expense
The following table presents the components of non-interest expense for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, March 31, Change Expressed in:
20202020DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
NON-INTEREST EXPENSE:
Salaries and employee benefits$13,059  $13,235  $(176) (1.3)%
Information technology and related expense4,285  4,268  17  0.4  
Occupancy, net3,556  3,449  107  3.1  
Regulatory and outside services1,548  1,297  251  19.4  
Advertising and promotional1,004  1,359  (355) (26.1) 
Deposit and loan transaction costs697  678  19  2.8  
Office supplies and related expense475  592  (117) (19.8) 
Federal insurance premium287  —  287  N/A
Other non-interest expense1,253  1,286  (33) (2.6) 
Total non-interest expense$26,164  $26,164  $—  —  

The increase in regulatory and outside services was due primarily to the timing of external audit services. The decrease in advertising and promotional expenses was due mainly to adjustments in advertising schedules and postponements of campaigns that were currently in-progress as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The increase in the federal insurance premium was due mainly to the Bank recognizing a federal insurance premium accrual as the remaining assessment credit from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") was utilized during the current quarter. We anticipate the federal insurance premium for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2020 will be approximately $620 thousand, or $333 thousand higher than the current quarter.

The Company's efficiency ratio was 51.58% for the current quarter compared to 49.05% for the prior quarter. The change in the efficiency ratio was due primarily to lower net interest income in the current quarter compared to the prior quarter. The efficiency ratio is a measure of a financial institution's total non-interest expense as a percentage of the sum of net interest income (pre-provision for credit losses) and non-interest income. A higher value indicates that the financial institution is generating revenue with a proportionally higher level of expense.

Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $5.1 million for the current quarter, compared to $824 thousand for the prior quarter. The effective tax rate was 20.7% for the current quarter compared to 16.2% for the prior quarter. The effective tax rate was higher in the current quarter due primarily to the Company's permanent differences, which generally lower our income tax expense, having a proportionately smaller impact given the higher pretax income in the current quarter compared to the prior quarter. Management anticipates the effective income tax rate for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2020 will be approximately 21%, resulting in an effective tax rate of approximately 20% for fiscal year 2020.

Comparison of Operating Results for the Nine Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019

The Company recognized net income of $46.3 million, or $0.34 per share, for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2020 compared to net income of $71.8 million, or $0.52 per share, for the nine-month period ended June 30, 2019. The decrease in net income was due primarily to a $21.9 million increase in provision for credit losses and a decrease in net interest income, partially offset by a decrease in income tax expense.

Net interest income decreased $12.9 million, or 8.3%, from the prior year period to $143.7 million for the current year period. The net interest margin decreased 15 basis points, from 2.30% for the prior year period to 2.15% for the current year period. The leverage strategy was suspended at certain times during the prior year period and during all of the current year period due to the negative interest rate spreads between the related FHLB borrowings and cash held at the FRB of Kansas City, making the transaction unprofitable. See additional discussion regarding the leverage strategy in the Financial Condition section below. When the leverage strategy is in place, it increases our net interest income but reduces the net interest margin due to the amount of earnings from the transaction in comparison to the size of the transaction. Excluding the effects of the leverage strategy, the net interest margin would have decreased 17 basis points, from 2.32% for the prior year period to 2.15% for the current year period. The decrease in the net
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interest margin, excluding the effects of the leverage strategy, was due mainly to an increase in the cost of retail/business certificates of deposit, as well as a decrease in the loan portfolio yield, specifically the yield on the correspondent one- to four-family loan portfolio.

Interest and Dividend Income
The weighted average yield on total interest-earning assets decreased 13 basis points, from 3.61% for the prior year period to 3.48% for the current year period, and the average balance of interest-earning assets decreased $165.9 million. Absent the impact of the leverage strategy, the weighted average yield on total interest-earning assets would have decreased 14 basis points, from 3.62% for the prior year period to 3.48% for the current year period, and the average balance of interest-earning assets would have decreased $89.0 million. The decrease in the weighted average yield between periods was due primarily to a decrease in the loan portfolio yield. The following table presents the components of interest and dividend income for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, Change Expressed in:
20202019DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
INTEREST AND DIVIDEND INCOME:
Loans receivable$206,179  $213,863  $(7,684) (3.6)%
MBS17,584  19,437  (1,853) (9.5) 
FHLB stock4,747  5,667  (920) (16.2) 
Investment securities3,736  4,781  (1,045) (21.9) 
Cash and cash equivalents1,126  2,921  (1,795) (61.5) 
Total interest and dividend income$233,372  $246,669  $(13,297) (5.4) 

The decrease in interest income on loans receivable was due mainly to a decrease in yield resulting from a $4.3 million increase in the amortization of premiums on correspondent loans related to increases in payoff and endorsement activity. This was partially offset by a shift in the mix of the loan portfolio, as the average balance of lower-yielding one- to four-family loans decreased $155.4 million, or 2.3%, partially offset by a $91.2 million, or 13.3%, increase in the average balance of higher-yielding commercial loans. The weighted average yield on the loans receivable portfolio decreased 11 basis points, from 3.78% for the prior year period to 3.67% for the current year period.

The decrease in interest income on the MBS portfolio was due primarily to a $60.4 million, or 6.1%, decrease in the average balance of the portfolio due to not reinvesting all the cash flows from the portfolio, along with a 10 basis point decrease in the weighted average yield to 2.52% in the current year period. The decrease in dividend income on FHLB stock was due mainly to a decrease in the dividend rate paid by FHLB. The decrease in interest income on cash and cash equivalents was due primarily to the leverage strategy being in place for a portion of the prior year period and not being in place during the current period, along with a decrease in the yield earned on cash held at the FRB of Kansas City. See additional discussion regarding the leverage strategy in the Financial Condition section below. The decrease in interest income on investment securities was due mainly to calls and maturities either being replaced at lower market rates or not being replaced.

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Interest Expense
The weighted average rate paid on total interest-bearing liabilities increased one basis point, from 1.51% for the prior year period to 1.52% for the current year period, while the average balance of interest-bearing liabilities decreased $85.5 million. Absent the impact of the leverage strategy, the weighted average rate paid on total interest-bearing liabilities would have increased two basis points, from 1.50% for the prior year period to 1.52% for the current year period, while the average balance of interest-bearing liabilities would have decreased $8.6 million. The following table presents the components of interest expense for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, Change Expressed in:
20202019DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
INTEREST EXPENSE:
Deposits$52,299  $48,730  $3,569  7.3 %
Borrowings37,421  41,360  (3,939) (9.5) 
Total interest expense$89,720  $90,090  $(370) (0.4) 

The increase in interest expense on deposits was due to an increase in the cost of the retail/business certificate of deposit portfolio. The weighted average rate of the retail/business certificate of deposit portfolio increased 20 basis points, to 2.08% for the current year period, and the average balance increased $194.7 million, or approximately 8%. Late in the third quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Bank increased offered rates on short-term and certain intermediate-term certificates of deposit in an effort to encourage customers to move funds to those terms. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019, the Bank held the unTraditional campaign, resulting in growth in the short-term and certain intermediate-term certificates of deposit.

The borrowings line item in the table above includes interest expense associated and not associated with the leverage strategy. Interest expense on borrowings not related to the leverage strategy decreased $2.6 million from the prior year period due primarily to a decrease in the average balance of such borrowings, as certain maturing FHLB advances were not renewed and the Bank paid down its FHLB line of credit. Interest expense on FHLB borrowings associated with the leverage strategy decreased $1.4 million from the prior year period due to the leverage strategy being in place for a portion of the prior year period and not being in place at all during the current year period.

Provision for Credit Losses
The Bank recorded a provision for credit losses during the current period of $22.3 million, compared to $450 thousand during the prior year period. The $22.3 million provision for credit losses in the current period was primarily related to the deterioration of economic conditions as a result of COVID-19. See additional discussion regarding management's evaluation of the adequacy of the Bank's ACL at June 30, 2020 in the Financial Condition section below.

Non-Interest Income
The following table presents the components of non-interest income for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, Change Expressed in:
20202019DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
NON-INTEREST INCOME:
Deposit service fees$8,384  $9,581  $(1,197) (12.5)%
Insurance commissions1,762  2,072  (310) (15.0) 
Other non-interest income4,468  4,446  22  0.5  
Total non-interest income$14,614  $16,099  $(1,485) (9.2) 

The decrease in deposit service fees was due mainly to the discontinuation of point-of-sale service charges, which the Bank ceased charging in April 2019, along with a decrease in service charge income due primarily to a decrease in consumer activity as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The decrease in insurance commissions was due primarily to a decrease in the amount of annual contingent insurance commissions.

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Non-Interest Expense
The following table presents the components of non-interest expense for the time periods presented, along with the change measured in dollars and percent.
For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, Change Expressed in:
20202019DollarsPercent
(Dollars in thousands)
NON-INTEREST EXPENSE:
Salaries and employee benefits$39,765  $39,205  $560  1.4 %
Information technology and related expense12,694  13,535  (841) (6.2) 
Occupancy, net10,212  9,768  444  4.5  
Regulatory and outside services4,188  4,247  (59) (1.4) 
Advertising and promotional3,773  3,597  176  4.9  
Deposit and loan transaction costs2,086  1,882  204  10.8  
Office supplies and related expense1,586  1,884  (298) (15.8) 
Federal insurance premium287  1,787  (1,500) (83.9) 
Other non-interest expense4,237  4,709  (472) (10.0) 
Total non-interest expense$78,828  $80,614  $(1,786) (2.2) 

The decrease in information technology and related expense was due mainly to the prior year period including costs related to the integration of the operations of Capital City Bancshares, Inc. ("CCB"), which the Company acquired in August 2018. The decrease in the federal insurance premium was due mainly to the Bank using an assessment credit from the FDIC during the majority of the current period. The decrease in other non-interest expense was due primarily to a decrease in debit card fraud losses, as well as a decrease in amortization of deposit intangibles.

The Company's efficiency ratio was 49.81% for the current period compared to 46.68% for the prior year period. The change in the efficiency ratio was due to lower net interest income in the current period compared to the prior year period.

Income Tax Expense
Income tax expense was $10.9 million for the current period compared to $19.8 million for the prior year period. The decrease in income tax expense was due primarily to lower pretax income in the current period. The effective tax rate was 19.0% for the current period compared to 21.6% for the prior year period. The lower effective tax rate in the current period compared to the prior year period was due mainly to the Company's permanent differences, which generally lower our tax expense, having a proportionately larger impact given the lower pretax income in the current year period. Additionally, a discrete benefit was recognized during the current period as a result of favorable federal tax guidance issued during the current period related to certain BOLI policies added in the CCB acquisition.

Financial Condition as of June 30, 2020
The Federal Reserve, in response to economic risks resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, returned to a zero-interest rate policy in March 2020. This was after most broader market rates decreased significantly in response to evolving news about COVID-19. Deteriorating economic conditions included more than 20 million people becoming unemployed in the United States in one month's time, with more than 45 million in total filing for unemployment benefits, along with immediate reductions in consumer spending on almost all categories of purchases except groceries and staples, and closure or significantly reduced operations of restaurants, bars, airlines, hotels, and entertainment and hospitality venues, among others, and had a devastating impact on the economy. Since that time, many areas of consumer spending rebounded during May and June, generally locally and not related to travel and entertainment. In the Bank's local markets, governments put stay-at-home orders into effect which only allow for essential businesses to remain open. Many of these stay-at-home orders have been lifted or greatly reduced. As previously described, we adjusted our operations in response to the orders and have worked with both our retail and commercial customers to help them manage their debt during this period of economic uncertainty as our regulators or the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security ("CARES") Act have allowed. Given the current level of the Company's total assets and the economic and interest rate environment, it is unlikely that the total loan portfolio will increase materially during the remainder of fiscal year 2020. We have been responding and expect to continue to respond to local market conditions regarding the loan and deposit rates we offer. There is increasing concern about the longer lasting impact on local business as well as travel and entertainment resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. This could cause a longer recovery time for all sectors of the economy and could make it challenging for sectors that have had better recoveries to maintain that recovery in the long run.
8



Total assets were $9.56 billion at June 30, 2020, an increase of $187.6 million, or 2.0%, from March 31, 2020, due to an increase in cash and cash equivalents, partially offset by a decrease in loans receivable. The increase in cash and cash equivalents was due mainly to deposit growth as discussed below. Management elected to keep a higher balance of cash on hand due to the uncertainty surrounding the current economic environment, and in anticipation of paying off certain fixed-rate borrowings scheduled to mature during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2020, depending on deposit cash flows. Total loans were $7.39 billion at June 30, 2020, a decrease of $88.7 million, or 1.2%, from March 31, 2020. The decrease was mainly in the one- to four-family correspondent loan portfolio, partially offset by an increase in commercial and industrial loans due primarily to the origination of PPP loans. As noted above, we suspended accepting new applications for correspondent one- to four-family loans during the majority of the current quarter. During the current quarter, the Bank originated and refinanced $270.0 million of one- to four-family and consumer loans with a weighted average rate of 3.19% and purchased $129.0 million of one- to four-family loans from correspondent lenders with a weighted average rate of 3.18%. The Bank also originated $68.5 million of commercial loans with a weighted average rate of 2.23%, which included $42.6 million in PPP loans at a rate of 1.00%, and entered into commercial real estate loan participations of $65.2 million at a weighted average rate of 3.95%.

Total deposits were $6.07 billion at June 30, 2020, an increase of $295.1 million, or 5.1%, from March 31, 2020. The increase was primarily in non-maturity deposits, including a $148.5 million increase in checking accounts and a $112.0 million increase in money market accounts. The increase in deposits was due in part to Economic Impact Payments from the U.S. government to individuals as authorized by the CARES Act, and deposits from PPP loans, along with commercial deposit growth and a delay in federal income tax payment due dates from April 15 to July 15.

Total assets increased $218.8 million, or 2.3% from September 30, 2019 to June 30, 2020, due mainly to an increase in cash and cash equivalents due to deposit growth. Total loans decreased $28.7 million from September 30, 2019 to June 30, 2020. The decrease was primarily in the one- to four-family correspondent and bulk loans, partially offset by an increase in commercial real estate and commercial and industrial loans. During the current year period, the Bank originated and refinanced $720.0 million of one- to four-family and consumer loans with a weighted average rate of 3.37% and purchased $382.1 million of one- to four-family loans from correspondent lenders with a weighted average rate of 3.34%. The Bank also originated $136.1 million of commercial loans with a weighted average rate of 3.43% and entered into commercial real estate loan participations of $93.6 million at a weighted average rate of 4.16%. The commercial loan portfolio totaled $812.3 million at June 30, 2020 and was composed of 77% commercial real estate, 12% commercial and industrial, and 11% commercial construction. Total commercial real estate and commercial construction potential exposure, including undisbursed amounts and outstanding commitments totaling $154.5 million, was $867.1 million at June 30, 2020. Total commercial and industrial potential exposure, including undisbursed amounts and outstanding commitments of $22.4 million, was $122.2 million at June 30, 2020.

Total deposits increased $487.8 million, or 8.7%, from September 30, 2019 to June 30, 2020. Non-maturity deposits increased $442.3 million, including a $220.8 million increase in checking accounts, a $122.0 million increase in money market accounts, and a $99.4 million increase in savings accounts. See the deposit growth discussion above for more details. Retail/business certificates of deposit increased $51.9 million due primarily to the President's Day certificate of deposit campaign in February 2020.

Total borrowings at June 30, 2020 were $1.99 billion, a decrease of $250.9 million, or 11.2%, from September 30, 2019. The decrease was due to not renewing a portion of the FHLB advances that matured during the current year period and repaying the FHLB line of credit balance.

Stockholders' equity was $1.30 billion at June 30, 2020 compared to $1.34 billion at September 30, 2019. The $35.8 million decrease was due primarily to the payment of $82.1 million in cash dividends, partially offset by net income of $46.3 million during the current year period. In the long run, management considers a Bank stockholders' equity to total assets ratio of at least 10% an appropriate level of capital. At June 30, 2020, this ratio was 12.2%. The cash dividends paid during the current period totaled $0.595 per share and consisted of a $0.34 per share cash true-up dividend related to fiscal year 2019 earnings, paid in December 2019, per the Company's dividend policy, and three regular quarterly cash dividends totaling $0.255 per share. On July 23, 2020, the Company announced a regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.085 per share, or approximately $11.7 million, payable on August 21, 2020 to stockholders of record as of the close of business on August 7, 2020.

At times, the Bank has utilized a leverage strategy to increase earnings. The leverage strategy involves borrowing up to $2.10 billion either on the Bank's FHLB line of credit or by entering into short-term FHLB advances, depending on the rates offered by FHLB. The borrowings are repaid at quarter end, or earlier if the strategy is suspended. The proceeds from the borrowings, net of the required FHLB stock holdings, are deposited at the FRB of Kansas City. Net income attributable to the leverage strategy is largely derived from the dividends received on FHLB stock holdings, plus the net interest rate spread between the yield on the cash at the FRB of Kansas City and the rate paid on the related FHLB borrowings, less applicable federal insurance premiums and estimated taxes. Net income attributable to the leverage strategy was $14 thousand during the prior year nine-month period. The leverage strategy was not in place during the current nine-month period, due to the large negative interest rate spread making the strategy unprofitable.
9


Management continues to monitor the net interest rate spread and overall profitability of the strategy. It is expected that the strategy will be reimplemented if it reaches a position that is profitable.

At June 30, 2020, Capitol Federal Financial, Inc., at the holding company level, had $89.0 million on deposit at the Bank. For fiscal year 2020, it is currently the intent of the Board of Directors to continue the payout of 100% of the Company's earnings to the Company's stockholders. Dividend payments depend upon a number of factors including the Company's financial condition and results of operations, regulatory capital requirements, regulatory limitations on the Bank's ability to make capital distributions to the Company, and the amount of cash at the holding company.

The Company has authorized the repurchase of up to $70.0 million of its common stock under its stock repurchase plan. Shares may be repurchased from time to time based upon market conditions, available liquidity and other factors. There is no expiration for this repurchase plan and no shares have been repurchased under this repurchase plan.

The following table presents the balance of stockholders' equity and related information as of the dates presented.
June 30, September 30, June 30,
202020192019
(Dollars in thousands)
Stockholders' equity$1,300,520  $1,336,326  $1,327,099  
Equity to total assets at end of period13.6 %14.3 %14.3 %

The following table presents a reconciliation of total to net shares outstanding as of June 30, 2020.
Total shares outstanding 141,511,716  
Less unallocated Employee Stock Ownership Plan ("ESOP") shares and unvested restricted stock(3,450,111) 
Net shares outstanding 138,061,605  

Consistent with our goal to operate a sound and profitable financial organization, we actively seek to maintain a well-capitalized status for the Bank in accordance with regulatory standards. In September 2019, the regulatory agencies, including the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, adopted a final rule, effective January 1, 2020, creating a community bank leverage ratio ("CBLR") for institutions with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion and that meet other qualifying criteria. The CBLR provides for a simple measure of capital adequacy for qualifying institutions. According to the final rule, qualifying institutions that elect to use the CBLR framework and that maintain a leverage ratio of greater than 9% will be considered to have satisfied the generally applicable risk-based and leverage capital requirements in the regulatory agencies' capital rules and to have met the well-capitalized ratio requirements. In April 2020, the federal bank regulatory agencies announced the issuance of two interim final rules, effective immediately, to provide temporary relief to community banking organizations. Under the interim final rules, the CBLR requirement is a minimum of 8% for the remainder of calendar year 2020, 8.5% for calendar year 2021, and 9% thereafter. The Bank elected the CBLR framework beginning with the quarter ended March 31,2020. As of June 30, 2020, the Bank's CBLR was 12.4%, which exceeded the minimum requirement.

The following table presents a reconciliation of the Bank's equity under GAAP to regulatory tier 1 capital as of June 30, 2020 (dollars in thousands):
Total Bank equity as reported under GAAP$1,169,620  
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income ("AOCI")17,591  
Goodwill and other intangibles, net of associated deferred taxes(13,981) 
Total tier 1 capital$1,173,230  

10


Capitol Federal Financial, Inc. is the holding company for the Bank. The Bank has 54 branch locations in Kansas and Missouri, and is one of the largest residential lenders in the State of Kansas. News and other information about the Company can be found at the Bank's website, http://www.capfed.com.

Except for the historical information contained in this press release, the matters discussed herein may be deemed to be "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include statements about our beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, anticipations, estimates and intentions. The words "may," "could," "should," "would," "will," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, including: potential adverse impacts of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and any governmental or societal responses thereto on the economic conditions in the Company's local market areas and other market areas where the Bank has lending relationships, on other aspects of the Company's business operations and on financial markets; changes in policies or the application or interpretation of laws and regulations by regulatory agencies and tax authorities; other governmental initiatives affecting the financial services industry; changes in accounting principles, policies or guidelines; fluctuations in interest rates; demand for loans in the Company's market area, the future earnings and capital levels of the Bank, which would affect the ability of the Company to pay dividends in accordance with its dividend policies; competition; and other risks detailed from time to time in documents filed or furnished by the Company with the SEC. Actual results may differ materially from those currently expected. These forward-looking statements represent the Company's judgment as of the date of this release. The Company disclaims, however, any intent or obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

For further information contact:
Kent TownsendInvestor Relations
Executive Vice President,(785) 270-6055
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurerinvestorrelations@capfed.com
(785) 231-6360
ktownsend@capfed.com
11



SUPPLEMENTAL FINANCIAL INFORMATION
CAPITOL FEDERAL FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

June 30, September 30,
20202019
ASSETS:
Cash and cash equivalents (includes interest-earning deposits of $381,946 and $198,809)$396,219  $220,370  
Available-for-sale ("AFS") securities, at estimated fair value1,220,054  1,204,863  
Loans receivable, net (ACL of $31,215 and $9,226)7,388,090  7,416,747  
FHLB stock, at cost102,782  98,456  
Premises and equipment, net98,953  96,784  
Income taxes receivable, net1,655   
Other assets351,061  302,796  
TOTAL ASSETS$9,558,814  $9,340,018  
LIABILITIES:
Deposits$6,069,684  $5,581,867  
Borrowings1,989,089  2,239,989  
Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance39,125  65,686  
Deferred income tax liabilities, net10,942  14,282  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses149,454  101,868  
Total liabilities8,258,294  8,003,692  
STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY:
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding—  —  
Common stock, $0.01 par value; 1,400,000,000 shares authorized, 141,511,716 and 141,440,030
 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020 and September 30, 2019, respectively1,415  1,414  
Additional paid-in capital1,211,653  1,210,226  
Unearned compensation, ESOP(33,453) (34,692) 
Retained earnings138,496  174,277  
AOCI, net of tax(17,591) (14,899) 
Total stockholders' equity1,300,520  1,336,326  
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY$9,558,814  $9,340,018  
12


CAPITOL FEDERAL FINANCIAL, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)

For the Three Months EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
2020202020202019
INTEREST AND DIVIDEND INCOME:
Loans receivable$66,652  $69,613  $206,179  $213,863  
MBS5,616  5,866  17,584  19,437  
FHLB stock1,207  1,714  4,747  5,667  
Investment securities847  1,382  3,736  4,781  
Cash and cash equivalents59  380  1,126  2,921  
Total interest and dividend income74,381  78,955  233,372  246,669  
INTEREST EXPENSE:
Deposits16,533  17,804  52,299  48,730  
Borrowings11,561  12,483  37,421  41,360  
Total interest expense28,094  30,287  89,720  90,090  
NET INTEREST INCOME46,287  48,668  143,652  156,579  
PROVISION FOR CREDIT LOSSES—  22,075  22,300  450  
NET INTEREST INCOME AFTER
PROVISION FOR CREDIT LOSSES46,287  26,593  121,352  156,129  
NON-INTEREST INCOME:
Deposit service fees2,539  2,783  8,384  9,581  
Insurance commissions671  400  1,762  2,072  
Other non-interest income1,229  1,488  4,468  4,446  
Total non-interest income4,439  4,671  14,614  16,099  
NON-INTEREST EXPENSE:
Salaries and employee benefits13,059  13,235  39,765  39,205  
Information technology and related expense4,285  4,268  12,694  13,535  
Occupancy, net3,556  3,449  10,212  9,768  
Regulatory and outside services1,548  1,297  4,188  4,247  
Advertising and promotional1,004  1,359  3,773  3,597  
Deposit and loan transaction costs697  678  2,086  1,882  
Office supplies and related expense475  592  1,586  1,884  
Federal insurance premium287  —  287  1,787  
Other non-interest expense1,253  1,286  4,237  4,709  
Total non-interest expense26,164  26,164  78,828  80,614  
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE24,562  5,100  57,138  91,614  
INCOME TAX EXPENSE5,088  824  10,877  19,780  
NET INCOME$19,474  $4,276  $46,261  $71,834  

13


The following is a reconciliation of the basic and diluted earnings per share calculations for the periods indicated.
For the Three Months EndedFor the Nine Months Ended
June 30, March 31, June 30,
2020202020202019
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
Net income$19,474  $4,276  $46,261  $71,834  
Income allocated to participating securities(16) (3) (38) (35) 
Net income available to common stockholders$19,458  $4,273  $46,223  $71,799  
Average common shares outstanding137,935,000  137,926,574  137,919,631  137,593,497  
Average committed ESOP shares outstanding83,052  41,753  41,600  41,602  
Total basic average common shares outstanding138,018,052  137,968,327  137,961,231  137,635,099  
Effect of dilutive stock options —  32,007  31,747  55,335  
Total diluted average common shares outstanding138,018,052  138,000,334  137,992,978  137,690,434  
Net earnings per share:
Basic$0.14  $0.03  $0.34  $0.52  
Diluted$0.14  $0.03  $0.34  $0.52  
Antidilutive stock options, excluded from the diluted
average common shares outstanding calculation 813,645  382,894  405,522  491,669  


14


Loan Portfolio

The following table presents information related to the composition of our loan portfolio in terms of dollar amounts, weighted average rates, and percentages as of the dates indicated.
June 30, 2020March 31, 2020September 30, 2019
% of % of % of
AmountRateTotalAmountRateTotalAmountRateTotal
(Dollars in thousands)
One- to four-family:
Originated$3,955,668  3.61 %53.4 %$3,944,782  3.68 %52.6 %$3,873,851  3.74 %52.2 %
Correspondent purchased2,268,031  3.54  30.6  2,385,907  3.60  31.8  2,349,877  3.64  31.7  
Bulk purchased217,652  2.73  3.0  228,730  2.88  3.1  252,347  2.94  3.4  
Construction36,595  3.46  0.5  35,798  3.61  0.5  36,758  4.00  0.5  
Total6,477,946  3.56  87.5  6,595,217  3.62  88.0  6,512,833  3.68  87.8  
Commercial:
Commercial real estate625,106  4.32  8.4  584,236  4.45  7.8  583,617  4.48  7.9  
Commercial and industrial 99,735  2.92  1.4  62,153  4.62  0.8  61,094  5.14  0.8  
Construction87,448  3.98  1.2  126,266  4.40  1.7  123,159  4.81  1.7  
Total812,289  4.11  11.0  772,655  4.45  10.3  767,870  4.58  10.4  
Consumer loans:
Home equity107,174  4.68  1.4  114,571  5.67  1.5  120,587  6.15  1.6  
Other10,033  4.46  0.1  10,837  4.56  0.2  11,183  4.57  0.2  
Total117,207  4.66  1.5  125,408  5.58  1.7  131,770  6.02  1.8  
Total loans receivable7,407,442  3.64  100.0 %7,493,280  3.74  100.0 %7,412,473  3.81  100.0 %
Less:
ACL31,215  31,196  9,226  
Discounts/unearned loan fees 30,312  29,645  31,058  
Premiums/deferred costs(42,175) (44,366) (44,558) 
Total loans receivable, net$7,388,090  $7,476,805  $7,416,747  

15


Loan Activity: The following tables summarize activity in the loan portfolio, along with weighted average rates where applicable, for the periods indicated, excluding changes in ACL, discounts/unearned loan fees, and premiums/deferred costs. Loans that were paid-off as a result of refinances are included in repayments. Loan endorsements are not included in the activity in the following table because a new loan is not generated at the time of the endorsement. The endorsed balance and rate are included in the ending loan portfolio balance and rate. During the current year period, the Bank endorsed $355.1 million of one- to four-family loans, reducing the average rate on those loans by 81 basis points. Commercial loan renewals are not included in the activity in the following table unless new funds are disbursed at the time of renewal. As noted earlier, during the initial days of the COVID-19 pandemic, correspondent one- to four-family loan application acceptance was suspended by the Bank but existing correspondent applications and commitments continued to progress through the approval and funding process. One- to four-family correspondent new loan application acceptance was resumed in mid-June 2020.
For the Three Months Ended
June 30, 2020March 31, 2020December 31, 2019September 30, 2019
AmountRateAmountRateAmountRateAmountRate
(Dollars in thousands)
Beginning balance $7,493,280  3.74 %$7,424,834  3.77 %$7,412,473  3.81 %$7,501,741  3.83 %
Originated and refinanced:
Fixed277,904  2.83  172,891  3.44  233,693  3.52  188,753  3.60  
Adjustable60,626  3.75  55,946  4.11  55,126  4.30  59,550  4.37  
Purchased and participations:
Fixed131,739  3.28  125,612  3.46  123,118  3.77  49,161  4.12  
Adjustable62,510  3.76  18,985  2.96  13,801  3.06  12,305  3.55  
Change in undisbursed loan funds(32,202) 24,049  (9,743) 12,293  
Repayments(586,434) (328,644) (403,361) (410,624) 
Principal recoveries/(charge-offs), net19  (314) (16) (110) 
Other—  (79) (257) (596) 
Ending balance$7,407,442  3.64  $7,493,280  3.74  $7,424,834  3.77  $7,412,473  3.81  

For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2020June 30, 2019
AmountRateAmountRate
(Dollars in thousands)
Beginning balance $7,412,473  3.81 %$7,507,645  3.74 %
Originated and refinanced:
Fixed684,488  3.22  316,581  4.39  
Adjustable171,698  4.04  260,058  4.87  
Purchased and participations:
Fixed380,469  3.50  136,974  4.83  
Adjustable95,296  3.50  64,000  4.57  
Change in undisbursed loan funds(17,896) 39,927  
Repayments(1,318,439) (822,533) 
Principal (charge-offs)/recoveries, net(311) 123  
Other(336) (1,034) 
Ending balance$7,407,442  3.64  $7,501,741  3.83  
16


One- to Four-Family Loans: The following table presents, for our portfolio of one- to four-family loans, the amount, percent of total, weighted average credit score, weighted average loan-to-value ("LTV") ratio, and average balance per loan as of the dates presented. Credit scores are updated at least annually, with the latest update in June 2020, from a nationally recognized consumer rating agency. The LTV ratios were based on the current loan balance and either the lesser of the purchase price or original appraisal, or the most recent Bank appraisal, if available. In most cases, the most recent appraisal was obtained at the time of origination.
June 30, 2020September 30, 2019
% ofCreditAverage% ofCreditAverage
AmountTotalScoreLTVBalanceAmountTotalScoreLTVBalance
(Dollars in thousands)
Originated$3,955,668  61.4 %770  62 %$144  $3,873,851  59.8 %768  62 %$140  
Correspondent purchased2,268,031  35.2  765  64  376  2,349,877  36.3  765  65  371  
Bulk purchased217,652  3.4  768  60  301  252,347  3.9  762  61  304  
$6,441,351  100.0 %768  63  188  $6,476,075  100.0 %767  63  186  

The following table presents originated, refinanced, and correspondent purchased activity in our one- to four-family loan portfolio, excluding endorsement activity, along with associated weighted average LTVs and weighted average credit scores for the periods indicated. Of the loans originated during the current year period, $223.9 million were refinanced from other lenders.
For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2020June 30, 2020
Credit Credit
AmountLTVScoreAmountLTVScore
(Dollars in thousands)
Originated$173,851  73 %763  $479,751  74 %765  
Refinanced by Bank customers82,171  67  767  190,163  68  763  
Correspondent purchased129,049  70  771  382,139  71  768  
$385,071  71  766  $1,052,053  72  766  

The following table presents the amount, percent of total, and weighted average rate, by state, of one- to four-family loan originations and correspondent purchases where originations and purchases in the state exceeded five percent of the total amount originated and purchased during the current year period.
For the Three Months Ended For the Nine Months Ended
June 30, 2020June 30, 2020
StateAmount% of TotalRateAmount% of TotalRate
(Dollars in thousands)
Kansas$223,073  57.9 %3.12 %$584,621  55.6 %3.25 %
Missouri63,889  16.6  3.13  183,403  17.4  3.29  
Texas45,333  11.8  3.15  148,772  14.1  3.27  
Other states52,776  13.7  3.18  135,257  12.9  3.37  
$385,071  100.0 %3.13  $1,052,053  100.0 %3.27  
17


The following table summarizes our one- to four-family loan origination and refinance commitments and one- to four-family correspondent loan purchase commitments as of June 30, 2020, along with associated weighted average rates. Loan commitments generally have fixed expiration dates or other termination clauses and may require the payment of a rate lock fee. It is expected that some of the loan commitments will expire unfunded, so the amounts reflected in the table below are not necessarily indicative of our future cash needs.
Fixed-Rate
15 yearsMore thanAdjustable-Total
or less15 yearsRateAmountRate
(Dollars in thousands)
Originate/refinance$31,346  $54,513  $10,563  $96,422  3.17 %
Correspondent14,428  34,092  5,683  54,203  3.09  
$45,774  $88,605  $16,246  $150,625  3.14  
Rate2.78 %3.37 %2.91 %

Through June 30, 2020, the Bank had processed COVID-19 loan modifications for 896 one- to four-family loans totaling $233.4 million. These modifications are summarized in the table below, along with the weighted average credit score and weighted average LTV as of June 30, 2020. Credit scores are updated at least annually, with the latest update in June 2020, from a nationally recognized consumer rating agency. The LTV ratios were based on the current loan balance and either the lesser of the purchase price or original appraisal, or the most recent Bank appraisal, if available. In most cases, the most recent appraisal was obtained at the time of origination.
Credit
CountAmountScoreLTV