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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_________________________
Form 10-Q
_________________________
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-34603
_________________________
Terreno Realty Corporation
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
_________________________
Maryland 27-1262675
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
101 Montgomery Street, Suite 200
San Francisco, CA
 94104
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (415655-4580
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per shareTRNONew York Stock Exchange
_________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company    
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No   
The registrant had 68,372,568 shares of its common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding as of November 3, 2020.



Table of Contents
Terreno Realty Corporation
Table of Contents

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements of Terreno Realty Corporation
Terreno Realty Corporation
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands – except share and per share data)
September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
 (Unaudited) 
ASSETS
Investments in real estate
Land$1,094,059 $1,055,146 
Buildings and improvements931,215 909,201 
Construction in progress61,183 101,253 
Intangible assets86,210 88,594 
Total investments in properties2,172,667 2,154,194 
Accumulated depreciation and amortization(227,294)(208,279)
Net investments in properties1,945,373 1,945,915 
Cash and cash equivalents155,324 110,082 
Restricted cash690 2,657 
Senior secured loan, net 15,858 
Other assets, net35,306 33,952 
Total assets$2,136,693 $2,108,464 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Liabilities
Credit facility$ $ 
Term loans payable, net99,739 99,583 
Senior unsecured notes, net347,966 347,674 
Mortgage loans payable, net11,378 44,318 
Security deposits14,056 14,149 
Intangible liabilities, net24,574 28,127 
Dividends payable19,829 18,158 
Performance share awards payable5,467 11,633 
Accounts payable and other liabilities29,187 27,699 
Total liabilities552,196 591,341 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
Equity
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock: $0.01 par value, 400,000,000 shares authorized, and 68,233,344 and 67,252,787 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
684 673 
Additional paid-in capital
1,579,344 1,514,266 
Common stock held in deferred compensation plan, 139,224 and 0 shares at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
(7,546) 
Retained earnings12,283 2,621 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(268)(437)
Total stockholders’ equity1,584,497 1,517,123 
Total liabilities and equity$2,136,693 $2,108,464 
The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Terreno Realty Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(in thousands – except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020201920202019
REVENUES
Rental revenues and tenant expense reimbursements$47,147 $43,397 $138,005 $126,007 
Total revenues47,147 43,397 138,005 126,007 
COSTS AND EXPENSES
Property operating expenses12,228 10,991 36,070 32,393 
Depreciation and amortization12,124 11,105 34,683 32,168 
General and administrative5,130 5,132 16,553 17,852 
Acquisition costs123 47 186 48 
Total costs and expenses29,605 27,275 87,492 82,461 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
Interest and other income51 832 805 3,171 
Interest expense, including amortization(3,887)(3,952)(11,802)(12,269)
Gain on sales of real estate investments9,016 1,782 26,766 6,247 
Total other income (expense)5,180 (1,338)15,769 (2,851)
Net income22,722 14,784 66,282 40,695 
Allocation to participating securities(194)(95)(277)(257)
Net income available to common stockholders$22,528 $14,689 $66,005 $40,438 
EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE - BASIC AND DILUTED:
Net income available to common stockholders - basic$0.33 $0.22 $0.98 $0.64 
Net income available to common stockholders - diluted$0.33 $0.22 $0.97 $0.63 
BASIC WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING68,112,661 65,724,426 67,600,957 63,667,100 
DILUTED WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING68,372,515 66,018,996 67,860,811 63,961,670 
The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Terreno Realty Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 For the Three Months Ended September 30,For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2020201920202019
Net income$22,722 $14,784 $66,282 $40,695 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Cash flow hedge adjustment50 85 169240 
Comprehensive income$22,772 $14,869 $66,451 $40,935 
The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.












































Terreno Realty Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(in thousands – except share data)
(Unaudited)
Nine months ended September 30, 2020:
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-
in Capital
Common Shares Held in Deferred Compensation PlanDeferred Compensation Plan Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
Loss
 
Number of
Shares
AmountRetained
Earnings
Total
Balance as of December 31, 201967,252,787$673 $1,514,266 $— $2,621 $(437)$1,517,123 
Net income— — 12,856 — 12,856 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $426
562,5214 29,647— — — 29,651 
Repurchase of common stock related to employee awards(4,510)— (240)— — — (240)
Issuance of restricted stock20,501— — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 1,573— — — 1,573 
Common stock dividends ($0.27 per share)
— — (18,314)— (18,314)
Deposits to deferred compensation plan(135,494)— 7,346135,494(7,346)— —  
Other comprehensive income— — — 73 73 
Balance as of March 31, 202067,695,805$677 $1,552,592 135,494$(7,346)$(2,837)$(364)$1,542,722 
Net income— — 30,704 — 30,704 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $630
630,4907 32,068— — — 32,075 
Forfeiture of common stock related to employee awards(352)— — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 2,197— — — 2,197 
Common stock dividends ($0.27 per share)
— — (18,478)— (18,478)
Deposits to deferred compensation plan(3,730)— 200 3,730(200)— —  
Other comprehensive income— — — — 46 46 
Balance as of June 30, 202068,322,213$684 $1,587,057 139,224$(7,546)$9,389 $(318)$1,589,266 
Net income— — — 22,722 — 22,722 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $70
8,250 424 — — — 424 
Forfeiture of common stock related to employee awards(4,794)— — — — — — 
Repurchase of common stock related to employee awards(149,865)— (9,597)— — — (9,597)
Issuance of restricted stock57,540— — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 1,460— — — 1,460 
Common stock dividends ($0.29 per share)
— — — (19,828)— (19,828)
Other comprehensive income— — — — 50 50 
Balance as of September 30, 202068,233,344$684 $1,579,344 139,224$(7,546)$12,283 $(268)$1,584,497 

Nine months ended September 30, 2019:
 Common StockAdditional
Paid-
in Capital
 Accumulated
Other Comprehensive
Loss
 
Number of
Shares
AmountRetained
Earnings
Total
Balance as of December 31, 201861,013,711$610 $1,233,763 $14,185 $(761)$1,247,797 
Net income— — 15,532 — 15,532 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $1,427
2,184,88822 87,902 — — 87,924 
Repurchase of common stock related to employee awards(99,999)— (3,959)— — (3,959)
Issuance of restricted stock30,294— — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 928 — — 928 
Common stock dividends ($0.24 per share)
— — (15,109)— (15,109)
Other comprehensive income— — — 63 63 
Balance as of March 31, 201963,128,894$632 $1,318,634 $14,608 $(698)$1,333,176 
Net income— — 10,379 — 10,379 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $1,718
2,386,47024 106,958 — — 106,982 
Forfeiture of common stock related to employee awards(19,651)— — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 1,268 — — 1,268 
Common stock dividends ($0.24 per share)
— — (15,719)— (15,719)
Other comprehensive income— — — 92 92 
Balance as of June 30, 201965,495,713$656 $1,426,860 $9,268 $(606)$1,436,178 
Net income— — 14,784 — 14,784 
Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs of $1,194
1,458,63014 72,138 — — 72,152 
Forfeiture of common stock related to employee awards(23,138)— — — — — 
Issuance of restricted stock80,805 — — — — — 
Stock-based compensation— 781 — — 781 
Common stock dividends ($0.27 per share)
— — (18,094)— (18,094)
Other comprehensive income— — — 85 85 
Balance as of September 30, 201967,012,010$670 $1,499,779 $5,958 $(521)$1,505,886 

The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Terreno Realty Corporation
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20202019
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net income$66,282 $40,695 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
Straight-line rents1,051 (2,299)
Amortization of lease intangibles(4,054)(3,155)
Depreciation and amortization34,683 32,168 
Gain on sales of real estate investments(26,766)(6,247)
Deferred financing cost amortization1,024 1,171 
Deferred senior secured loan fee amortization(57)(489)
Stock-based compensation6,353 8,152 
Changes in assets and liabilities
Other assets(3,677)(3,108)
Accounts payable and other liabilities2,530 1,603 
Net cash provided by operating activities77,369 68,491 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Cash paid for property acquisitions(46,780)(216,780)
Proceeds from sales of real estate investments, net70,685 25,305 
Additions to construction in progress(7,989)(22,950)
Additions to buildings, improvements and leasing costs(23,352)(22,237)
Repayments on senior secured loan15,915  
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities8,479 (236,662)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Issuance of common stock55,986 264,493 
Issuance costs on issuance of common stock(812)(3,825)
Repurchase of common stock related to employee awards(9,837)(3,959)
Borrowings on credit facility 17,000 
Payments on credit facility (36,000)
Payments on mortgage loan payable(32,960)(1,130)
Dividends paid to common stockholders(54,949)(45,472)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities(42,572)191,107 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash43,275 22,936 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period112,739 34,479 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period$156,014 $57,415 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest12,975 15,585 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash transactions
     Accounts payable related to capital improvements11,472 9,409 
     Non-cash repayment of senior secured loan (39,085)
     Non-cash issuance of common stock to the deferred compensation plan(7,546) 
     Lease liability arising from recognition of right-of-use asset460 707 
   Reconciliation of cash paid for property acquisitions
     Acquisition of properties47,577 228,566 
     Assumption of other assets and liabilities(797)(11,786)
Net cash paid for property acquisitions$46,780 $216,780 
The accompanying condensed notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
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Terreno Realty Corporation
Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
Note 1. Organization
Terreno Realty Corporation (“Terreno”, and together with its subsidiaries, the “Company”) acquires, owns and operates industrial real estate in six major coastal U.S. markets: Los Angeles, Northern New Jersey/New York City, San Francisco Bay Area, Seattle, Miami, and Washington, D.C. All square feet, acres, occupancy and number of properties disclosed in these condensed notes to the consolidated financial statements are unaudited. As of September 30, 2020, the Company owned 219 buildings aggregating approximately 13.1 million square feet, 22 improved land parcels consisting of approximately 85.0 acres and one property under redevelopment expected to contain approximately 0.2 million square feet upon completion.
The Company is an internally managed Maryland corporation and elected to be taxed as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), commencing with its taxable year ended December 31, 2010.
Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation. The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for annual financial statements. In management’s opinion, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The interim consolidated financial statements include all of the Company’s accounts and its subsidiaries and all intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 and the notes thereto, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 6, 2020.
Use of Estimates. The preparation of the interim consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Capitalization of Costs. The Company capitalizes costs directly related to the redevelopment, renovation and expansion of its investment in real estate. Costs associated with such projects are capitalized as incurred. If the project is abandoned, these costs are expensed during the period in which the redevelopment, renovation or expansion project is abandoned. Costs considered for capitalization include, but are not limited to, construction costs, interest, real estate taxes and insurance, if appropriate. These costs are capitalized only during the period in which activities necessary to ready an asset for its intended use are in progress. In the event that the activities to ready the asset for its intended use are suspended, the capitalization period will cease until such activities are resumed. Costs incurred for maintaining and repairing properties, which do not extend their useful lives, are expensed as incurred.
Interest is capitalized based on actual capital expenditures from the period when redevelopment, renovation or expansion commences until the asset is ready for its intended use, at the weighted average borrowing rate during the period.
Investments in Real Estate. Investments in real estate, including tenant improvements, leasehold improvements and leasing costs, are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation, unless circumstances indicate that the cost cannot be recovered, in which case, an adjustment to the carrying value of the property is made to reduce it to its estimated fair value. The Company also reviews the impact of above and below-market leases, in-place leases and lease origination costs for acquisitions and records an intangible asset or liability accordingly.
Impairment. Carrying values for financial reporting purposes are reviewed for impairment on a property-by-property basis whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of a property may not be fully recoverable. Examples of such events or changes in circumstances may include classifying an asset to be held for sale, changing the intended hold period or when an asset remains vacant significantly longer than expected. The intended use of an asset either held for sale or held for use can significantly impact how impairment is measured. If an asset is intended to be held for the long-term, the recoverability is based on the undiscounted future cash flows. If the asset carrying value is not supported on an undiscounted future cash flow basis, then the asset carrying value is measured against the lower of cost or the present value of expected cash
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flows over the expected hold period. An impairment charge to earnings is recognized for the excess of the asset’s carrying value over the lower of cost or the present values of expected cash flows over the expected hold period. If an asset is intended to be sold, impairment is determined using the estimated fair value less costs to sell. The estimation of expected future net cash flows is inherently uncertain and relies on assumptions, among other things, regarding current and future economic and market conditions and the availability of capital. The Company determines the estimated fair values based on its assumptions regarding rental rates, lease-up and holding periods, as well as sales prices. When available, current market information is used to determine capitalization and rental growth rates. If available, current comparative sales values may also be used to establish fair value. When market information is not readily available, the inputs are based on the Company’s understanding of market conditions and the experience of the Company’s management team. Actual results could differ significantly from the Company’s estimates. The discount rates used in the fair value estimates represent a rate commensurate with the indicated holding period with a premium layered on for risk. There were no impairment charges recorded to the carrying values of the Company’s properties during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
Loans Held-for-Investment. Loans that are held-for-investment are carried at cost, net of loan fees and origination costs, as applicable, unless the loans are deemed impaired. Impairment occurs when it is deemed probable that the Company will not be able to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of loans that are held-for-investment. Prior to the adoption of ASC Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (“ASC 326”), the Company evaluated its senior secured loan (the “Senior Secured Loan”), which was classified as held-for-investment, for impairment quarterly. If the Senior Secured Loan was considered to be impaired, the Company would record an allowance through the provision for Senior Secured Loan losses to reduce the carrying value of the Senior Secured Loan to the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the Senior Secured Loan’s contractual effective rate or the fair value of the collateral, if repayment was expected solely from the collateral. Actual losses, if any, could differ significantly from the Company’s estimates. The Senior Secured Loan was fully repaid in May 2020 and there were no impairment charges recorded to the carrying value of the Senior Secured Loan during both the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.
On January 1, 2020, the Company adopted ASC 326 on a prospective basis, which had no material impact to the Company's consolidated financial statements. ASC 326 replaces the current “incurred loss” model with an “expected loss” model that requires consideration of a broader range of information used under the incurred losses model. Under ASC 326, the Company is required to re-evaluate the expected loss of its loans portfolio at each balance sheet date. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company had no allowances for loan losses.
Property Acquisitions. In accordance with Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business, when substantially all of the fair value of the gross assets acquired (or disposed of) is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, the integrated set of assets and activities is not considered a business. To be a business, the set of acquired activities and assets must include inputs and one or more substantive processes that together contribute to the ability to create outputs. The Company has determined that its real estate property acquisitions will generally be accounted for as asset acquisitions under the clarified definition. Upon acquisition of a property the Company estimates the fair value of acquired tangible assets (consisting generally of land, buildings and improvements) and intangible assets and liabilities (consisting generally of the above and below-market leases and the origination value of all in-place leases). The Company determines fair values using Level 3 inputs such as replacement cost, estimated cash flow projections and other valuation techniques and applying appropriate discount and capitalization rates based on available market information. Mortgage loans assumed in connection with acquisitions are recorded at their fair value using current market interest rates for similar debt at the date of acquisition. Acquisition-related costs associated with asset acquisitions are capitalized to individual tangible and intangible assets and liabilities assumed on a relative fair value basis and acquisition-related costs associated with business combinations are expensed as incurred.
The fair value of the tangible assets is determined by valuing the property as if it were vacant. Land values are derived from current comparative sales values, when available, or management’s estimates of the fair value based on market conditions and the experience of the Company’s management team. Building and improvement values are calculated as replacement cost less depreciation, or management’s estimates of the fair value of these assets using discounted cash flow analyses or similar methods. The fair value of the above and below-market leases is based on the present value of the difference between the contractual amounts to be received pursuant to the acquired leases (using a discount rate that reflects the risks associated with the acquired leases) and the Company’s estimate of the market lease rates measured over a period equal to the remaining term of the leases plus the term of any below-market fixed rate renewal options. The above and below-market lease values are amortized to rental revenues over the remaining initial term plus the term of any below-market fixed rate renewal options that are considered bargain renewal options of the respective leases. The total net impact to rental revenues due to the amortization of above and below-market leases was a net increase of approximately $1.3 million for both the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, and approximately $4.1 million and $3.2 million, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The origination value of in-place leases is based on costs to execute similar leases, including
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commissions and other related costs. The origination value of in-place leases also includes real estate taxes, insurance and an estimate of lost rental revenue at market rates during the estimated time required to lease up the property from vacant to the occupancy level at the date of acquisition. The remaining weighted average lease term related to these intangible assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2020 is 8.1 years. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company’s intangible assets and liabilities, including properties held for sale (if any), consisted of the following (dollars in thousands):
 September 30, 2020December 31, 2019
 GrossAccumulated
Amortization
NetGrossAccumulated
Amortization
Net
In-place leases$82,377 $(62,621)$19,756 $84,425 $(59,504)$24,921 
Above-market leases3,833 (3,678)155 4,169 (3,853)316 
Below-market leases(44,378)19,804 (24,574)(44,099)15,972 (28,127)
Total$41,832 $(46,495)$(4,663)$44,495 $(47,385)$(2,890)
Depreciation and Useful Lives of Real Estate and Intangible Assets. Depreciation and amortization are computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the related assets or liabilities. The following table reflects the standard depreciable lives typically used to compute depreciation and amortization. However, such depreciable lives may be different based on the estimated useful life of such assets or liabilities.
Description  Standard Depreciable Life
Land  Not depreciated
Building  40 years
Building Improvements  
5-40 years
Tenant Improvements  Shorter of lease term or useful life
Leasing Costs  Lease term
In-place Leases  Lease term
Above/Below-Market Leases  Lease term
Held for Sale Assets. The Company considers a property to be held for sale when it meets the criteria established under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 360, Property, Plant and Equipment (See “Note 5 - Held for Sale/Disposed Assets”). Properties held for sale are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less estimated costs to sell and are not depreciated while they are held for sale.
Cash and Cash Equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents consists of cash held in a major banking institution and other highly liquid short-term investments with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents are generally invested in U.S. government securities, government agency securities or money market accounts.
Restricted Cash. Restricted cash includes cash held in escrow in connection with property acquisitions and reserves for certain capital improvements, leasing, interest and real estate tax and insurance payments as required by certain mortgage loan obligations.
The following summarizes the reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash as presented in the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows (dollars in thousands):
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For the Nine Months Ended September 30,
20202019
Beginning
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period$110,082 $31,004 
Restricted cash2,657 3,475 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash112,739 34,479 
Ending
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period155,324 54,553 
Restricted cash690 2,862 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash156,014 57,415 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash$43,275 $22,936 
Revenue Recognition. The Company records rental revenue from operating leases on a straight-line basis over the term of the leases and maintains an allowance for estimated losses that may result from the inability of its tenants to make required payments. If tenants fail to make contractual lease payments that are greater than the Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts, security deposits and letters of credit, then the Company may have to recognize additional doubtful account charges in future periods. The Company monitors the liquidity and creditworthiness of its tenants on an on-going basis by reviewing their financial condition periodically as appropriate. Each period the Company reviews its outstanding accounts receivable, including straight-line rents, for doubtful accounts and provides allowances as needed. The Company also records lease termination fees when a tenant has executed a definitive termination agreement with the Company and the payment of the termination fee is not subject to any conditions that must be met or waived before the fee is due to the Company. If a tenant remains in the leased space following the execution of a definitive termination agreement, the applicable termination will be deferred and recognized over the term of such tenant’s occupancy. Tenant expense reimbursement income includes payments and amounts due from tenants pursuant to their leases for real estate taxes, insurance and other recoverable property operating expenses and is recognized as revenues during the same period the related expenses are incurred. Consistent with the Financial Accounting Standards Board staff question-and-answer document released on April 10, 2020, the Company elected to account for lease concessions related to the effects of the novel coronavirus ("COVID-19") as though no lease modification was made in instances where total contractual lease payments over the term of the lease were unchanged. Due to the effects of COVID-19, the future contractual lease payments of certain of the Company's tenants were not probable and as such, approximately $0.2 million and $1.1 million of straight-line rent receivables were reversed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively.
As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, approximately $28.1 million and $27.4 million, respectively, of straight-line rent and accounts receivable, net of allowances of approximately $1.3 million and $0.2 million as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively, were included as a component of other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU No. 2014-09”), using the modified retrospective approach, which requires a cumulative effect adjustment as of the date of the Company’s adoption. Under the modified retrospective approach, an entity may also elect to apply this standard to either (i) all contracts as of January 1, 2018 or (ii) only to contracts that were not completed as of January 1, 2018. A completed contract is a contract for which all (or substantially all) of the revenue was recognized under legacy GAAP that was in effect before the date of initial application. The Company elected to apply this standard only to contracts that were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Based on the Company’s evaluation of contracts within the scope of ASU No. 2014-09, the guidance impacts revenue related to the sales of real estate, which is evaluated in conjunction with ASC 610-20, Other Income - Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (“ASC 610-20”) (see below).
Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 610-20, which applies to sales or transfers to noncustomers of nonfinancial assets or in substance nonfinancial assets that do not meet the definition of a business. Generally, the Company’s sales of real estate would be considered a sale of a nonfinancial asset as defined by ASC 610-20. ASC 610-20 refers to the revenue recognition principles under ASU No. 2014-09 (see above). Under ASC 610-20, if the Company determines it does not have a controlling financial interest in the entity that holds the asset and the arrangement meets the criteria to be accounted for as a contract, the Company will derecognize the asset and recognize a gain or loss on the sale of the real estate when control of the underlying asset transfers to the buyer. As a result of adoption of the standard, there was no material impact to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
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Deferred Financing Costs. Costs incurred in connection with financings are capitalized and amortized to interest expense using the effective interest method over the term of the related loan. Deferred financing costs associated with the Company’s revolving credit facility are classified as an asset and deferred financing costs associated with debt liabilities are reported as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the debt liability in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets. Deferred financing costs related to the revolving credit facility and debt liabilities are shown at cost, net of accumulated amortization in the aggregate of approximately $9.1 million and $8.3 million as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
Income Taxes. The Company elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Code and operates as such beginning with its taxable year ended December 31, 2010. To qualify as a REIT, the Company must meet certain organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement to distribute at least 90% of its annual REIT taxable income to its stockholders (which is computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction or net capital gain and which does not necessarily equal net income as calculated in accordance with GAAP). As a REIT, the Company generally will not be subject to federal income tax to the extent it distributes qualifying dividends to its stockholders. If it fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, it will be subject to federal income tax on its taxable income at regular corporate income tax rates and generally will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for federal income tax purposes for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification is lost unless the IRS grants it relief under certain statutory provisions. Such an event could materially adversely affect the Company’s net income and net cash available for distribution to stockholders. However, the Company believes it is organized and operates in such a manner as to qualify for treatment as a REIT.
ASC 740-10, Income Taxes (“ASC 740-10”), provides guidance for how uncertain tax positions should be recognized, measured, presented and disclosed in the financial statements. ASC 740-10 requires the evaluation of tax positions taken in the course of preparing the Company’s tax returns to determine whether the tax positions are “more-likely-than-not” of being sustained by the applicable tax authority. Tax benefits of positions not deemed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are recorded as a tax expense in the current year. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the Company did not have any unrecognized tax benefits and does not believe that there will be any material changes in unrecognized tax positions over the next 12 months. The Company’s tax returns are subject to examination by federal, state and local tax jurisdictions beginning with the 2010 calendar year.
Stock-Based Compensation and Other Long-Term Incentive Compensation. The Company follows the provisions of ASC 718, Compensation-Stock Compensation, to account for its stock-based compensation plan, which requires that the compensation cost relating to stock-based payment transactions be recognized in the financial statements and that the cost be measured on the fair value of the equity or liability instruments issued. The Company’s 2019 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2019 Plan”) provides for the grant of restricted stock awards, performance share awards, unrestricted shares or any combination of the foregoing. Stock-based compensation is recognized as a general and administrative expense in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and measured at the fair value of the award on the date of grant. The Company estimates the forfeiture rate based on historical experience as well as expected behavior. The amount of the expense may be subject to adjustment in future periods depending on the specific characteristics of the stock-based award.
In addition, the Company has awarded long-term incentive target awards (the “Performance Share awards”) under its Amended and Restated Long-Term Incentive Plan (as amended and restated the “Amended LTIP”), which the Company amended and restated on January 8, 2019, to its executives that may be payable in shares of the Company’s common stock after the conclusion of each preestablished performance measurement period, which is generally three years. The amount that may be earned is variable depending on the relative total shareholder return of the Company’s common stock as compared to the total shareholder return of the MSCI U.S. REIT Index (RMS) and the FTSE Nareit Equity Industrial Index over the pre-established performance measurement period. Under the Amended LTIP, each participant’s Performance Share award granted on or after January 1, 2019 will be expressed as a number of shares of common stock and settled in shares of common stock. Target awards were previously expressed as a dollar amount and settled in shares of common stock. Commencing with Performance Share awards granted on or after January 1, 2019, the grant date fair value of the Performance Share awards will be determined under current accounting treatment using a Monte Carlo simulation model on the date of grant and recognized on a straight-line basis over the performance period. For Performance Share awards granted prior to January 1, 2019, the Company estimates the fair value of the Performance Share awards using a Monte Carlo simulation model on the date of grant and at each reporting period. The Performance Share awards granted prior to January 1, 2019 are recognized as compensation expense over the requisite performance period based on the fair value of the Performance Share awards at the balance sheet date, which varies quarter to quarter based on the Company’s relative share price performance, and are included as a component of performance share awards payable in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Use of Derivative Financial Instruments. ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging (See “Note 9 – Derivative Financial Instruments”), provides the disclosure requirements for derivatives and hedging activities with the intent to provide users of financial statements with an enhanced understanding of: (a) how and why the Company uses derivative instruments, (b) how
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the Company accounts for derivative instruments and related hedged items, and (c) how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect the Company’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Further, qualitative disclosures are required that explain the Company’s objectives and strategies for using derivatives, as well as quantitative disclosures about the fair value of and gains and losses on derivative instruments.
The Company records all derivatives on the accompanying consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of derivatives depends on the intended use of the derivative, whether the Company has elected to designate a derivative in a hedging relationship and apply hedge accounting and whether the hedging relationship has satisfied the criteria necessary to apply hedge accounting. Derivatives designated and qualifying as a hedge of the exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset, liability, or firm commitment attributable to a particular risk, such as interest rate risk, are considered fair value hedges. Derivatives designated and qualifying as a hedge of the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows, or other types of forecasted transactions, are considered cash flow hedges. Hedge accounting generally provides for the matching of the timing of gain or loss recognition on the hedging instrument with the recognition of the changes in the fair value of the hedged asset or liability that are attributable to the hedged risk in a fair value hedge or the earnings effect of the hedged forecasted transactions in a cash flow hedge. The Company may enter into derivative contracts that are intended to economically hedge certain of its risks, even though hedge accounting does not apply or the Company elects not to apply hedge accounting.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments. ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (“ASC 820”) (See “Note 10 - Fair Value Measurements”), defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. ASC 820 also provides guidance for using fair value to measure financial assets and liabilities. ASC 820 requires disclosure of the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall, including measurements using quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1), quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active (Level 2), and significant valuation assumptions that are not readily observable in the market (Level 3).
Segment Disclosure. ASC 280, Segment Reporting, establishes standards for reporting financial and descriptive information about an enterprise’s reportable segments. The Company has determined that it has one reportable segment, with activities related to investing in real estate. The Company’s investments in real estate are geographically diversified and the chief operating decision makers evaluate operating performance on an individual asset level. As each of the Company’s assets has similar economic characteristics, the assets have been aggregated into one reportable segment.
Note 3. Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to a significant concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents. The Company may maintain deposits in federally insured financial institutions in excess of federally insured limits. However, the Company’s management believes the Company is not exposed to significant credit risk due to the financial position of the depository institutions in which those deposits are held.
As of September 30, 2020, the Company owned 62 buildings aggregating approximately 3.6 million square feet and nine land parcels consisting of approximately 48.8 acres located in Northern New Jersey/New York City, which accounted for a combined percentage of approximately 29.2% of its annualized base rent. Such annualized base rent percentages are based on contractual base rent from leases in effect as of September 30, 2020, excluding any partial or full rent abatements.
Other real estate companies compete with the Company in its real estate markets. This results in competition for tenants to occupy space. The existence of competing properties could have a material impact on the Company’s ability to lease space and on the level of rent that can be achieved. The Company had no tenant that accounted for greater than 10% of the Company's annualized base rent as of September 30, 2020.
Note 4. Investments in Real Estate
During the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company acquired one industrial building containing approximately 22,000 square feet. The total initial investment, including acquisition costs, was approximately $6.5 million, of which $3.7 million was recorded to land, $2.3 million to buildings and improvements, and $0.5 million to intangible assets. Additionally, the Company assumed $0.1 million in intangible liabilities.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company acquired three industrial buildings containing approximately 101,000 square feet and two improved land parcels containing approximately 5.5 acres. The total aggregate initial investment,
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including acquisition costs, was approximately $47.6 million, of which $34.8 million was recorded to land, $11.0 million to buildings and improvements, and $1.8 million to intangible assets. Additionally, the Company assumed $0.7 million in intangible liabilities.
The Company recorded revenues and net income for the three months ended September 30, 2020 of approximately $0.8 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and recorded revenues and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 of approximately $1.5 million and $0.7 million, respectively, related to the 2020 acquisitions.
During the three months ended September 30, 2019, the Company acquired 11 industrial buildings containing approximately 442,000 square feet and one improved land parcel containing approximately 2.0 acres. The total aggregate initial investment, including acquisition costs, was approximately $148.3 million, of which $118.6 million was recorded to land, $25.4 million to buildings and improvements, and $4.3 million to intangible assets. Additionally, the Company assumed $3.5 million in intangible liabilities.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company acquired 15 industrial buildings containing approximately 608,000 square feet, and three improved land parcels containing approximately 21.7 acres. The total aggregate initial investment, including acquisition costs, was approximately $267.7 million, of which $213.0 million was recorded to land, $43.2 million to buildings and improvements, and $11.5 million to intangible assets. Additionally, the Company assumed $9.9 million in intangible liabilities.
The Company recorded revenues and net income for the three months ended September 30, 2019 of approximately $2.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively, and recorded revenues and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019 of approximately $3.8 million and $1.6 million, respectively, related to the 2019 acquisitions.
The above assets and liabilities were recorded at fair value, which uses Level 3 inputs. The properties were acquired from unrelated third parties using existing cash on hand, proceeds from property sales, issuance of common stock and borrowings on the revolving credit facility.
As of September 30, 2020, the Company had one property under redevelopment expected to contain approximately 0.2 million square feet upon completion with a total expected investment of approximately $63.3 million, including redevelopment costs, capitalized interest and other costs of approximately $61.2 million. During the third quarter of 2020, the Company completed redevelopment of its Kent 192 property in Seattle, Washington, an approximately 0.2 million square foot redevelopment property. The total investment was approximately $33.9 million. The Company capitalized interest associated with redevelopment and expansion activities of approximately $0.4 million and $0.9 million, respectively, during the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 and approximately $1.5 million and $2.5 million, respectively, during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
Note 5. Held for Sale/Disposed Assets
The Company considers a property to be held for sale when it meets the criteria established under ASC 360, Property, Plant, and Equipment. Properties held for sale are reported at the lower of the carrying amount or fair value less estimated costs to sell and are not depreciated while they are held for sale. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had no properties held for sale.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company sold three properties located in the Washington, D.C. market for a total aggregate sales price of approximately $51.3 million, resulting in a gain of approximately $17.8 million and one property located in the Miami market for a sales price of approximately $22.2 million, resulting in a gain of approximately $9.0 million.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2019, the Company sold one property located in the Los Angeles market for a sales price of approximately $12.4 million, resulting in a gain of approximately $4.5 million and one property located in the Miami market for a sales price of approximately $14.0 million, resulting in a gain of $1.8 million.
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Note 6. Senior Secured Loan
The Company had a Senior Secured Loan outstanding to a borrower that bore interest at a fixed annual interest rate of 8.0%. The Senior Senior Secured Loan was fully repaid in May 2020 and was secured by a portfolio of six improved land parcels located primarily in Newark, New Jersey. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there was approximately $0 and $15.9 million, respectively, net of deferred loan fees of approximately $0 and $0.1 million, respectively, outstanding on the Senior Secured Loan and approximately $0 and $0.3 million, respectively, of interest receivable outstanding on the Senior Secured Loan. Interest receivable is included as a component of other assets in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.
Note 7. Debt
As of September 30, 2020, the Company had $50.0 million of senior unsecured notes that mature in September 2022, $100.0 million of senior unsecured notes that mature in July 2024, $50.0 million of senior unsecured notes that mature in July 2026, $50.0 million of senior unsecured notes that mature in October 2027, $100.0 million of senior unsecured notes that mature in December 2029 (collectively, the “Senior Unsecured Notes”), and a credit facility (the “Facility”), which consists of a $250.0 million unsecured revolving credit facility that matures in October 2022, and a $100.0 million term loan that matures in January 2022. As of both September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were no borrowings outstanding on the revolving credit facility and $100.0 million of borrowings outstanding on the term loan. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had one interest rate cap to hedge the variable cash flows associated with $50.0 million of its $100.0 million variable-rate term loan. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had two interest rate caps to hedge the variable cash flows associated with its existing $100.0 million variable-rate term loan. See “Note 9 - Derivative Financial Instruments” for more information regarding the Company’s interest rate caps.
The aggregate amount of the Facility may be increased to a total of up to $600.0 million, subject to the approval of the administrative agent and the identification of lenders willing to make available additional amounts. Outstanding borrowings under the Facility are limited to the lesser of (i) the sum of the $100.0 million term loan and the $250.0 million revolving credit facility, or (ii) 60.0% of the value of the unencumbered properties. Interest on the Facility, including the term loan, is generally to be paid based upon, at the Company’s option, either (i) LIBOR plus the applicable LIBOR margin or (ii) the applicable base rate which is the greatest of the administrative agent’s prime rate, 0.50% above the federal funds effective rate, or thirty-day LIBOR plus the applicable LIBOR margin for LIBOR rate loans under the Facility plus 1.25%. The applicable LIBOR margin will range from 1.05% to 1.50% (1.05% as of September 30, 2020) for the revolving credit facility and 1.20% to 1.70% (1.20% as of September 30, 2020) for the $100.0 million term loan that matures in January 2022, depending on the ratio of the Company’s outstanding consolidated indebtedness to the value of the Company’s consolidated gross asset value. The Facility requires quarterly payments of an annual facility fee in an amount ranging from 0.15% to 0.30%, depending on the ratio of the Company’s outstanding consolidated indebtedness to the value of the Company’s consolidated gross asset value.
The Facility and the Senior Unsecured Notes are guaranteed by the Company and by substantially all of the current and to-be-formed subsidiaries of the Company that own an unencumbered property. The Facility and the Senior Unsecured Notes are unsecured by the Company’s properties or by interests in the subsidiaries that hold such properties. The Facility and the Senior Unsecured Notes include a series of financial and other covenants with which the Company must comply. The Company was in compliance with the covenants under the Facility and the Senior Unsecured Notes as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. As of September 30, 2020, the Company had one mortgage loan payable, net of deferred financing costs, totaling approximately $11.4 million, which bore interest at a weighted average fixed annual rate of 5.5%. The mortgage loan payable is collateralized by one property, is non-recourse and requires monthly interest and principal payments until it matures in April 2021. As of December 31, 2019, the Company had two mortgage loans payable, net of deferred financing costs, totaling approximately $44.3 million, which bore interest at a weighted average fixed annual interest rate of 4.1%. As of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the total gross book value of the properties securing the debt was approximately $32.7 million and $114.9 million, respectively.
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The scheduled principal payments of the Company’s debt as of September 30, 2020 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

Credit
Facility
Term LoanSenior
Unsecured
Notes
Mortgage
Loan
Payable
Total Debt
2020 (3 months)$$$$155$155
202111,23311,233
2022100,00050,000150,000
2023
2024100,000100,000
Thereafter200,000200,000
Total debt100,000350,00011,388461,388
Deferred financing costs, net(261)(2,034)(10)(2,305)
Total debt, net$$99,739$347,966$11,378$459,083
Weighted average interest raten/a1.4 %3.8 %5.5 %3.3 %

Note 8. Leasing
The following is a schedule of minimum future cash rentals on tenant operating leases in effect as of September 30, 2020. The schedule does not reflect future rental revenues from the renewal or replacement of existing leases and excludes property operating expense reimbursements (dollars in thousands):

2020 (3 months)$35,582 
2021123,189 
2022104,043 
202384,098 
202465,245 
Thereafter149,208 
Total$561,365