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Section 1: 8-K (FORM 8-K)

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

 

 

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT

 

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of report (date of earliest event reported): May 8, 2020 (May 7, 2020)

 

 

 

CLARIVATE Plc 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Jersey, Channel Islands 001-38911 N/A
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation) (Commission File Number) (IRS Employer Identification No.)
     
Friars House
160 Blackfriars Road
London SE1 8EZ
United Kingdom
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: +44 207 433 4000

 

 

 

Clarivate Analytics PLC 

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

¨Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

¨Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

¨Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

 

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934:

 

Title of Each Class

 

Trading Symbol

 

Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered

Ordinary shares   CCC   New York Stock Exchange

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x

 

 

 

 

 

Item 5.07.Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

On May 7, 2020, Clarivate Plc held its 2020 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders. All proposals on the agenda were approved by the shareholders. For more information on the proposals, see Clarivate’s proxy statement for the 2020 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, filed as Exhibit 99.1 to our Current Report on Form 8-K on April 10, 2020. Below are the final voting results.

 

(1)           Shareholders elected the individuals named below to serve as Class I directors of Clarivate, with a term expiring at the 2023 Annual General Meeting. Election of each director required approval by a simple majority of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy.

 

Nominee  For  Against  Abstain  Broker Non-Votes
Sheryl von Blucher  329,964,364  4,128,295  453,473  5,724,333
Jane Okun Bomba  334,118,808  285,493  141,831  5,724,333
Balakrishnan S. Iyer  334,073,532  303,935  168,665  5,724,333
Richard W. Roedel  328,021,795  6,356,132  168,205  5,724,333

 

Pursuant to the Amended and Restated Shareholders Agreement dated as of January 14, 2019, as amended as of April 10, 2020, Onex Partners Advisor LP and Baring Private Equity Asia Group Limited and their affiliates (“Onex” and “Baring,” respectively, and collectively, the “Private Equity Sponsors”) agreed to vote their ordinary shares in favor of the above nominees.

 

(2)           Shareholders approved a change of the company’s name to “Clarivate Plc.” Approval required two-thirds of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy.

 

For  340,035,344
Against  23,820
Abstain  211,301

 

(3)           Shareholders approved the proposed amendments to Clarivate’s memorandum and articles of association. Approval required two-thirds of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy.

 

For  271,097,022
Against  63,298,629
Abstain  150,481
Broker non-votes  5,724,333

 

A copy of Clarivate’s Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association is filed herewith as Exhibit 3.1.

 

(4)           Shareholders approved Clarivate’s proposal to engage in open-market share repurchases. Approval required two-thirds of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy.

 

For  308,047,996
Against  25,356,437
Abstain  1,141,699
Broker non-votes  5,724,333

 

 

 

 

(5)           Shareholders approved Clarivate’s proposal to engage in share repurchases from the Private Equity Sponsors. Approval required both (i) two-thirds of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy and (ii) a simple majority of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy, excluding for purposes of this clause (ii) votes cast by the applicable Private Equity Sponsor.

 

Votes Cast by All Shareholders
For  308,591,652
Against  24,664,012
Abstain  1,290,468
Broker non-votes  5,724,333

 

Excluding Votes Cast by Onex
For  216,351,621
Against  24,664,012
Abstain  1,290,468
Broker non-votes  5,724,333

 

Excluding Votes Cast by Baring
For  272,720,529
Against  24,664,012
Abstain  1,290,468
Broker non-votes  5,724,333

 

(6)           Shareholders ratified the appointment of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP to serve as Clarivate’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2020. Ratification required a simple majority of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the shareholders entitled to vote in person or represented by proxy.

 

For  339,997,543
Against  77,305
Abstain  195,617

 

Item 8.01.Other Events

 

Date of 2021 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders

 

Clarivate announced that its 2021 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders will be held on May 6, 2021. Further details will be provided in the proxy statement for the meeting.

 

Item 9.01.Financial Statements and Exhibits

 

(d)Exhibits.

 

No.

 

Description

 

3.1   Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association
     
 104   The cover page from this Current Report on Form 8-K formatted in Inline XBRL

  

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

Date:      May 8, 2020 CLARIVATE Plc
   
  By: /s/ Richard Hanks
    Richard Hanks
    Chief Financial Officer

 

 

 

(Back To Top)

Section 2: EX-3.1 (EXHIBIT 3.1)

Exhibit 3.1

 

 

Companies (Jersey) Law 1991

 

Company Limited by Shares

 

 

 

 

AMENDED AND RESTATED MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION
OF
CLARIVATE PLC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Companies (Jersey) Law 1991

 

Company Limited by Shares

 

Amended and Restated

 

Memorandum of Association

 

of

 

Clarivate Plc

 

1.The name of the Company is Clarivate Plc.

 

2.The Company is a public company limited by shares.

 

3.The Company is a no par value company.

 

4.The Company has unrestricted corporate capacity.

 

5.The liability of each member arising from his or her holding of a share is limited to the amount (if any) unpaid on it.

 

6.There is no limit on the number of shares of any class which the Company is authorised to issue.

 

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

1   Definitions, interpretation and exclusion of Standard Table 1
Definitions 1
Interpretation 3
Exclusion of Standard Table 4
   
2   Shares 4
Power to issue Shares and options, with or without special rights 4
Power to issue fractions of a Share 5
Capital contributions without issue of further Shares 5
Limit on the number of Joint Holders 5
Treasury Shares 5
   
3   Ordinary Shares 5
   
4   Preferred Shares 5
   
5   Register of Members and share certificates 6
Issue of share certificates 6
Renewal of lost or damaged share certificates 7
Uncertificated shares 7
   
6   Transfer of shares 8
Form of transfer 8
Power to refuse registration 8
Notice of refusal to register 8
Fee, if any, payable for registration 8
Company may retain instrument of transfer 8
Transfer to branch register 9
Holding of Shares through Direct Registration System 9
   
7   Redemption, Purchase and Surrender of Shares, Treasury Shares 9
Power to pay for redemption or purchase in cash or in specie 10
Effect of redemption or purchase of a Share 10
   
8   Variation of Rights Attaching to Shares 10
   
9   Commission on Sale of Shares 11
   
10   Non-Recognition of Trusts 11
   
11   Transmission of Shares 11
Persons entitled on death of a Member 11
Registration of transfer of a Share following death or bankruptcy 11
Indemnity 11
Rights of person entitled to a Share following death or bankruptcy 11
   
12   Alteration of capital 12
Increasing, consolidating, converting, dividing and cancelling share capital 12
Reducing share capital 12
Sale of fractions of Shares 12

 

 

 

 

13   Closing Register of Members or Fixing Record Date 12
   
14   General Meetings 13
Power to call meetings 13
Annual general meetings 13
Content of notice 13
Period of notice 14
Persons entitled to receive notice 14
Publication of notice on a website 14
Time a website notice is deemed to be given 15
Required duration of publication on a website 15
Accidental omission to give notice or non-receipt of notice 15
Notice of other business 15
   
15   Proceedings at meetings of Members 18
Quorum 18
Use of technology 18
Lack of quorum 18
Adjournment 19
Chairman 19
Right of a Director or auditor’s representative to attend and speak 19
Method of voting 19
Taking of a poll 19
Chairman does not have casting vote 19
No written resolutions 20
   
16   Voting rights of Members 20
Right to vote 20
Rights of Joint Holders 20
Member with mental disorder 20
Objections to admissibility of votes 20
Form of proxy 20
How and when proxy is to be delivered 21
Voting by proxy 22
   
17   Corporations Acting by Representatives at Meeting 22
   
18   Clearing Houses 22
   
19   Directors 22
   
20   Appointment, disqualification and removal of Directors 23
No age limit 23
No corporate Directors 23
Appointment of Directors 23
Removal of Directors 23
Filling of vacancies 24
Resignation of Directors 24
Corporate governance policies 24
No shareholding qualification 24
   
21   Directors’ Fees and Expenses 24
   
22   Alternate directors 24
   
23   Powers and duties of Directors 26

 

 

 

 

24   Delegation of powers 26
Power to delegate any of the Directors’ powers to a committee 26
Power to appoint an agent of the Company 26
Power to appoint an attorney or authorised signatory of the Company 27
Management 27
   
25   Disqualification of Directors 27
   
26   Meetings of Directors 28
Regulation of Directors’ meetings 28
Calling meetings 28
Use of technology 28
Quorum 28
Voting 29
Validity 29
   
27   Permissible Directors’ interests and disclosure 29
   
28   Minutes 30
Written resolutions 30
   
29   Record Dates 30
   
30   Dividends 30
Payment of dividends by Directors 30
Apportionment of dividends 31
Right of set off 31
Power to pay other than in cash 31
How payments may be made 31
Dividends or other monies not to bear interest in absence of special rights 32
Unclaimed Dividends 32
   
31   Accounts and audits 32
Accounting and other records 32
No automatic right of inspection 32
Sending of accounts and reports 32
Time of receipt if documents are published on a website 33
Validity despite accidental error in publication on website 33
When accounts are to be audited 33
   
32   Audit 33
   
33   Seal 33
Company seal 33
Official seal 34
When and how seal is to be used 34
If no seal is adopted or used 34
Power to allow non-manual signatures and facsimile printing of seal 34
Validity of execution 34
   
34   Officers 34
   
35   Register of Directors and Officers 35

 

 

 

 

36   Capitalisation of profits 35
Capitalisation of profits or of any stated capital account or capital redemption reserve 35
   
37   Notices 35
Form of notices 35
Signatures 36
Evidence of transmission 36
Delivery of notices 36
Giving notice to a deceased or bankrupt Member 36
Saving provisions 37
   
38   Authentication of Electronic Records 37
Application of Articles 37
Authentication of documents sent by Members by Electronic means 37
Authentication of document sent by the Secretary or Officers by Electronic means 37
Manner of signing 38
Saving provision 38
   
39   Information 38
   
40   Indemnity 39
Indemnity 39
   
41   Forum 39
   
42   Financial Year 40
   
43   Winding up 40
Distribution of assets in specie 40
   
44   Shareholders Agreement and related matters 40
Applicability of Article 40
Definitions applicable to this Article ‎44 41
Shareholders Agreement and Director Nomination Agreement 41
Modifications to certain other Articles during applicability of this Article ‎44 41

  

 

 

 

Companies (Jersey) Law 1991

 

Company Limited by Shares

 

Amended and Restated

 

Articles of Association

 

of

 

Clarivate Plc

 

 

1Definitions, interpretation and exclusion of Standard Table

 

Definitions

 

1.1In these Articles, unless otherwise defined, the defined terms shall have the meanings assigned to them as follows:

 

Affiliate means:

 

(a)in the case of a natural person, such person’s parents, parents-in-law, spouse, children or grandchildren, a trust for the benefit of any of the foregoing, a company, partnership or any natural person or entity wholly or jointly owned by such person or any of the foregoing, and

 

(b)in the case of a corporation, partnership or other entity or any natural person or entity which directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such entity.

 

The term control shall mean the ownership, directly or indirectly, of shares possessing more than fifty per cent (50%) of the voting power of the corporation, or the partnership or other entity (other than, in the case of a corporation, shares having such power only by reason of the happening of a contingency), or having the power to control the management or elect a majority of members to the board of directors or equivalent decision-making body of such corporation, partnership or other entity.

 

Articles means, as appropriate:

 

(a)these Articles of Association as amended from time to time; or

 

(b)two or more particular Articles of these Articles;

 

and Article refers to a particular Article of these Articles;

 

Business Day means a day, excluding Saturdays or Sundays, on which banks in New York, New York, United States of America and the Island are open for general banking business throughout their normal business hours;

 

Commission means the Securities and Exchange Commission of the United States of America or any other federal agency for the time being administering the Securities Act;

 

Company means the above-named company;

 

Company’s Website means the website of the Company, the address or domain name of which has been notified to Members;

 

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Designated Stock Exchange means the New York Stock Exchange or any other stock exchange or automated quotation system on which the Company’s securities are then traded;

 

Directors means the directors of the Company for the time being, or as the case may be, the directors assembled as a board or as a committee thereof;

 

Dividend means any dividend (whether interim or final) resolved to be paid on Shares pursuant to these Articles;

 

Electronic has the meaning given to that term in the Electronic Communications (Jersey) Law 2000;

 

electronic communication means electronic transmission to any number, address or internet website or other electronic delivery methods as otherwise decided and approved by not less than a majority vote of the Directors;

 

Electronic Record has the meaning given to that term in the Electronic Communications (Jersey) Law 2000;

 

Electronic Signature has the meaning given to that term in the Electronic Communications (Jersey) Law 2000;

 

Exchange Act means the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or any similar federal statute and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder, all as the same shall be in effect at the time;

 

Exemption Order means the Companies (Transfers of Shares – Exemptions) (Jersey) Order 2014;

 

Fully Paid and Paid Up means that the agreed issue price for a Share has been fully paid or credited as paid in money or money’s worth;

 

Island means Jersey, Channel Islands;

 

Joint Holders means two or more persons registered as the holders of a Share or Shares or who are jointly entitled to a Share or Shares by reason of the death or bankruptcy of the registered holder.

 

Law means the Companies (Jersey) Law 1991;

 

Market Price means for any given day, the price quoted in respect of the Ordinary Shares on the Designated Stock Exchange of the close of trading on such day, or if such day is not a date on which the Designated Stock Exchange is open, then the close of trading on the previous trading day;

 

Member means any person or persons entered on the register of members from time to time as the holder of a Share;

 

Memorandum means the Memorandum of Association of the Company as amended from time to time;

 

month means a calendar month;

 

Nominating Member means (i) the Member providing the notice of the nomination proposed to be made at a general meeting, (ii) the beneficial owner or beneficial owners, if different, on whose behalf the notice of the nomination proposed to be made at any general meeting is made, and (iii) any affiliate or associate of such stockholder or beneficial owner;

 

Officer means a person appointed to hold an office in the Company; and the expression includes a Director, alternate director or liquidator, but does not include the Secretary;

 

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Ordinary Resolution means a resolution of a duly constituted general meeting of the Company passed by a simple majority of the votes cast by, or on behalf of, the Members entitled to vote;

 

Ordinary Shares means an Ordinary Share in the capital of the Company of no par value designated as Ordinary Shares, and having the rights provided for in these Articles;

 

PDF means Portable Document Format;

 

Preferred Shares means shares in the capital of the Company of no par value designated as Preferred Shares, and having the rights provided for in these Articles;

 

Register of Members means the register maintained by the Company in accordance with Article 41 of the Law or any modification or re-enactment thereof for the time being in force;

 

Registered Office means the registered office for the time being of the Company;

 

Regulations means the Companies (Uncertificated Securities) (Jersey) Order 1999 including any modification or re-enactment of them for the time being in force;

 

Seal means the common seal of the Company including any facsimile thereof;

 

Secretary means a person appointed to perform the duties of the secretary of the Company, including a joint, assistant or deputy secretary;

 

Securities Act means the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any similar federal statute and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder, all as the same shall be in effect at the time;

 

Share means a share in the share capital of the Company, and the expression:

 

(a)includes stock (except where a distinction between shares and stock is expressed or implied); and

 

(b)where the context permits, also includes a fraction of a share;

 

signed means a signature or representation of a signature affixed by mechanical means or an electronic symbol or process attached to or logically associated with an electronic communication and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the electronic communication;

 

Special Resolution has the meaning given to that term in the Law;

 

subsidiary has the meaning given to that term in Article 2 of the Law;

 

Treasury Share means a share held in the name of the Company as a treasury share in accordance with the Law; and

 

year means a calendar year.

 

Interpretation

 

1.2In these Articles, save where the context requires otherwise:

 

(a)words importing the singular number shall include the plural number and vice versa;

 

(b)words importing the masculine gender only (i.e., he and his) shall include the feminine gender (i.e., her and hers) and shall include references to entities without gender (i.e., it and its);

 

 3 

 

 

(c)a reference to a person includes, as appropriate, a company, trust, partnership, joint venture, association, body corporate or government agency;

 

(d)may shall be construed as permissive and “shall” shall be construed as imperative;

 

(e)a reference to a dollar or dollars (or $) is a reference to dollars of the United States of America;

 

(f)references to a statutory enactment shall include reference to any amendment or re-enactment thereof for the time being in force;

 

(g)any phrase introduced by the terms including, include, in particular or any similar expression shall be construed as illustrative and shall not limit the sense of the words preceding those terms;

 

(h)written and in writing means all modes of representing or reproducing words in visible form, including in the form of an electronic record and any requirements as to delivery under these Articles include delivery in the form of an electronic record; where used in connection with a notice served by the Company on Members or other persons entitled to receive notices hereunder, such writing shall also include a record maintained in an electronic medium which is accessible in visible form so as to be useable for subsequent reference;

 

(i)the term “clear days” in relation to the period of a notice means that period excluding the day when the notice is received or deemed to be received and the day for which it is given or on which it is to take effect;

 

(j)the term “holder” in relation to a Share means a person whose name is entered in the Register of Members as the holder of such Share;

 

(k)headings are inserted for convenience only and do not affect the interpretation of these Articles, unless there is ambiguity;

 

(l)where a word or phrase is given a defined meaning, another part of speech or grammatical form in respect to that word or phrase has a corresponding meaning; and

 

(m)all references to time are to be calculated by reference to time in the place where the Company’s registered office is located.

 

Exclusion of Standard Table

 

1.3The regulations contained in the Standard Table adopted pursuant to the Companies (Standard Table) (Jersey) Order 1992 and any other regulations contained in any statute or subordinate legislation are expressly excluded and do not apply to the Company.

 

2Shares

 

Power to issue Shares and options, with or without special rights

 

2.1Subject to the provisions, if any, in the Memorandum (and to any direction that may be given by the Company in general meeting), the Directors may, in their absolute discretion and without approval of the holders of Ordinary Shares, allot, issue, grant options over or otherwise dispose of Shares (including fractions of a Share) with or without preferred, deferred or other rights or restrictions, whether in regard to Dividend or other distribution, voting, return of capital or otherwise, any or all of which may be greater than the powers and rights associated with the Ordinary Shares, to such persons, at such times and on such other terms as they think proper, which shall be conclusively evidenced by their approval of the terms thereof, and may also (subject to the Law and these Articles) vary such rights.

 

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2.2The Company shall not issue Shares in bearer form and shall only issue Shares as fully paid.

 

Power to issue fractions of a Share

 

2.3Subject to the Law, the Company may issue fractions of a Share of any class. A fraction of a Share shall be subject to and carry the corresponding fraction of liabilities, limitations, preferences, privileges, qualifications, restrictions, rights and other attributes of a Share of that class of Shares.

 

Capital contributions without issue of further Shares

 

2.4With the consent of a Member, the Directors may accept a voluntary contribution from that Member without issuing Shares in return. If the Directors agree to accept a voluntary contribution from a Member, the Directors shall resolve whether that contribution shall be treated as an addition to the stated capital account of the Company or to a general reserve of the Company (it being understood that the contribution is not provided by way of loan).

 

Limit on the number of Joint Holders

 

2.5In respect of a Share, the Company shall not be required to enter the names of more than four Joint Holders in the Register of Members of the Company.

 

2.6If two or more persons are registered as Joint Holders of a Share, then any one of those Joint Holders may give effectual receipts for moneys payable in respect of that Share.

 

Treasury Shares

 

2.7From time to time, the Company may hold its own Shares as treasury shares and the Directors may sell, transfer or cancel any treasury shares in accordance with the Law. For the avoidance of doubt, the Company shall not be entitled to vote or receive any distributions in respect of any treasury shares held by it.

 

3Ordinary Shares

 

3.1The holders of the Ordinary Shares shall be:

 

(a)entitled to dividends in accordance with the relevant provisions of these Articles;

 

(b)entitled to and are subject to the provisions in relation to winding up of the Company provided for in these Articles; and

 

(c)entitled to attend general meetings of the Company and shall be entitled to one vote for each Ordinary Share registered in the name of such holder in the Register of Members, both in accordance with the relevant provisions of these Articles.

 

3.2All Ordinary Shares shall rank pari passu with each other in all respects.

 

4Preferred Shares

 

4.1Preferred Shares may be issued from time to time in one or more series, each of such series to have such voting powers (full or limited or without voting powers), designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof as are stated and expressed, or in any resolution or resolutions providing for the issue of such series adopted by the Directors as hereinafter provided.

 

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4.2Authority is hereby granted to the Directors, subject to the provisions of the Memorandum, these Articles and applicable law, to create one or more series of Preferred Shares and, with respect to each such series, to fix by resolution or resolutions, without any further vote or action by the Members of the Company providing for the issue of such series:

 

(a)the number of Preferred Shares to constitute such series and the distinctive designation thereof;

 

(b)the dividend rate on the Preferred Shares of such series, the dividend payment dates, the periods in respect of which dividends are payable (Dividend Periods), whether such dividends shall be cumulative and, if cumulative, the date or dates from which dividends shall accumulate;

 

(c)whether the Preferred Shares of such series shall be convertible into, or exchangeable for, Shares of any other class or classes or any other series of the same or any other class or classes of Shares and the conversion price or prices or rate or rates, or the rate or rates at which such exchange may be made, with such adjustments, if any, as shall be stated and expressed or provided in such resolution or resolutions;

 

(d)the preferences, if any, and the amounts thereof, which the Preferred Shares of such series shall be entitled to receive upon the winding up of the Company;

 

(e)the voting power, if any, of the Preferred Shares of such series;

 

(f)transfer restrictions and rights of first refusal with respect to the Preferred Shares of such series; and

 

(g)such other terms, conditions, special rights and provisions as may seem advisable to the Directors.

 

4.3Notwithstanding the fixing of the number of Preferred Shares constituting a particular series upon the issuance thereof, the Directors at any time thereafter may authorise the issuance of additional Preferred Shares of the same series subject always to the Law and the Memorandum.

 

4.4No dividend shall be declared and set apart for payment on any series of Preferred Shares in respect of any Dividend Period unless there shall likewise be or have been paid, or declared and set apart for payment, on all Preferred Shares of each other series entitled to cumulative dividends at the time outstanding which rank senior or equally as to dividends with the series in question, dividends rateably in accordance with the sums which would be payable on the said Preferred Shares through the end of the last preceding Dividend Period if all dividends were declared and paid in full.

 

4.5If, upon the winding up of the Company, the assets of the Company distributable among the holders of any one or more series of Preferred Shares which (a) are entitled to a preference over the holders of the Ordinary Shares upon such winding up and (b) rank equally in connection with any such distribution shall be insufficient to pay in full the preferential amount to which the holders of such Preferred Shares shall be entitled, then such assets, or the proceeds thereof, shall be distributed among the holders of each such series of the Preferred Shares rateably in accordance with the sums which would be payable on such distribution if all sums payable were discharged in full.

 

5Register of Members and share certificates

 

Issue of share certificates

 

5.1The Company shall maintain or cause to be maintained the Register of Members in accordance with the Law.

 

5.2Subject to and to the extent permitted by the Law, the Company, or the Directors on behalf of the Company, may cause to be kept and maintained in any country, territory or place, a branch Register of Members resident in such country, territory or place, and the Company may, or the Directors on behalf of the Company may, make and vary such regulations as it or they may think fit regarding the keeping of any such branch register.

 

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5.3Upon being entered in the Register of Members as the holder of a Share, a Member shall, subject to Article ‎5.8, be entitled:

 

(a)without payment, to one certificate for all the Shares of each class held by that Member (and, upon transferring a part of the Member’s holding of Shares of any class, to a certificate for the balance of that holding); and

 

(b)upon payment of such reasonable sum as the Directors may determine for every certificate after the first, to several certificates each for one or more of that Member’s Shares.

 

5.4Every certificate shall specify the number, class and distinguishing numbers (if any) of the Shares to which it relates and whether they are Fully Paid or partly paid up. A certificate may be executed under seal or executed in such other manner as the Directors determine.

 

5.5The Company shall not be bound to issue more than one certificate for Shares held jointly by several persons and delivery of a certificate for a Share to one Joint Holder shall be a sufficient delivery to all of them.

 

5.6All certificates for Shares shall be delivered personally or sent through the post addressed to the Member entitled thereto at the Member’s registered address as appearing in the Register of Members. Every share certificate sent in accordance with these Articles will be sent at the risk of the Member or other person entitled to the certificate. The Company will not be responsible for any share certificate lost or delayed in the course of delivery.

 

Renewal of lost or damaged share certificates

 

5.7If a share certificate is defaced, worn-out, lost or destroyed, it may be renewed on such terms (if any) as to:

 

(a)evidence;

 

(b)indemnity;

 

(c)payment of the expenses reasonably incurred by the Company in investigating the evidence; and

 

(d)payment of a reasonable fee, if any, for issuing a replacement share certificate;

 

as the Directors may determine, and (in the case of defacement or wearing-out) on delivery to the Company of the old certificate.

 

Uncertificated shares

 

5.8Subject to Article ‎5.9, at any time the Shares are listed on the Designated Stock Exchange (provided that the Designated Stock Exchange remains an “approved stock exchange” (as defined in the Exemption Order)), the Company shall not be required to (although may, in its absolute discretion choose to), provide a share certificate in accordance with Article ‎5.3.

 

5.9Following a written request at any time from a Member to the Company requesting a share certificate in respect of Shares held by that Member, the Company shall, within 2 months of receipt by the Company of that written request, complete and have ready for delivery the certificate of such Shares in respect of which the request was made unless the conditions of allotment of the Shares otherwise provide.

 

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6Transfer of shares

 

Form of transfer

 

6.1Subject to these Articles (including Article ‎6.8), any agreement between a Member and the Company, and the rules or regulations of the Designated Stock Exchange or any relevant securities laws (including, but not limited to the Exchange Act), any Member may transfer all or any of his Shares by an instrument of transfer in the usual or common form or in a form prescribed by the Designated Stock Exchange or in any other form approved by the Directors acting reasonably and may be under hand or, if the transferor or transferee is a clearing house or its nominee(s), by hand or by machine imprinted signature or by such other manner of execution as the Directors may approve from time to time.

 

6.2The instrument of transfer shall be executed by or on behalf of the transferor. Without prejudice to the last preceding Article, the Directors may also resolve, either generally or in any particular case, upon request by the transferor or transferee to accept mechanically executed transfers. The transferor shall be deemed to remain the holder of the Share until the name of the transferee is entered into the Register of Members in respect thereof.

 

Power to refuse registration

 

6.3The Directors may decline to recognise any instrument of transfer unless:

 

(a)the instrument of transfer is in respect of only one class of Share;

 

(b)the instrument of transfer is lodged at the Registered Office or such other place as the Register of Members is kept in accordance with the Law accompanied by the relevant share certificate(s) (if any) or such other evidence as the Directors may reasonably require to show the right of the transferor to make the transfer (and, if the instrument of transfer is executed by some other person on his behalf, the authority of that person so to do); and

 

(c)the instrument of transfer is duly and properly signed and endorsed or accompanied by the share certificates in respect of the relevant Shares or an indemnity.

 

Notice of refusal to register

 

6.4If the Directors refuse to register a transfer of a Share, they must send notice of their refusal to the existing Member within two months after the date on which the transfer was lodged with the Company.

 

Fee, if any, payable for registration

 

6.5If the Directors so decide, the Company may charge a reasonable fee for the registration of any instrument of transfer or other document relating to the title to a Share.

 

Company may retain instrument of transfer

 

6.6The Company shall be entitled to retain any instrument of transfer which is registered; but an instrument of transfer which the Directors refuse to register shall be returned to the person lodging it when notice of the refusal is given.

 

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Transfer to branch register

 

6.7The Directors in so far as permitted by any applicable law and rules of the Designated Stock Exchange may, in their absolute discretion, at any time and from time to time transfer any Share upon the Register of Members to any branch register or any Share on any branch register to the Register of Members or any other branch register. In the event of any such transfer, the Member requesting such transfer shall bear the cost of effecting such transfer unless the Directors otherwise determine.

 

Holding of Shares through Direct Registration System

 

6.8At any time any of the Shares are listed on the Designated Stock Exchange (provided that the Designated Stock Exchange remains an approved stock exchange (as defined in the Exemption Order)), a transfer of such Shares is exempt from the provisions of Article 42(1) of the Law requiring an instrument of transfer to be delivered to the Company where the following conditions are met in respect of such transfer:

 

(a)the transfer is made:

 

(i)to or from an approved central securities depository (as defined in the Exemption Order), or

 

(ii)by means of a computer system (as defined in the Exemption Order); and

 

(b)the transfer is in accordance with the relevant laws (as defined in the Exemption Order) applicable to, and relevant rules and regulations of, the Designated Stock Exchange.

 

7Redemption, Purchase and Surrender of Shares, Treasury Shares

 

7.1Subject to the provisions, if any, in these Articles, the Memorandum, applicable law, including the Law, and the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, the Company may:

 

(a)issue Shares on terms that they are to be redeemed or are liable to be redeemed at the option of the Company or the Member on such terms and in such manner as the Directors may, before the issue of such Shares, determine; and

 

(b)purchase its own Shares (including any redeemable Shares) in such manner and on such other terms as the Directors may agree with the relevant Member, provided that the manner of purchase is in accordance with any applicable requirements imposed from time to time by the Commission or the Designated Stock Exchange.

 

7.2The Company may make a payment in respect of the redemption or purchase of Shares in any manner authorised by the Law, including out of capital, profits or the proceeds of a fresh issue of Shares.

 

7.3The Directors may, prior to the purchase, redemption or surrender of any Share, determine that such Share shall be held as a Treasury Share.

 

7.4The Directors may determine to cancel a Treasury Share or transfer a Treasury Share on such terms as they think proper (including, without limitation, for nil consideration).

 

7.5Notwithstanding any other provision of these Articles, and subject to the provisions of the Law, where the Company wishes to purchase its own Shares, the Directors shall have the authority to instead elect to convert any or all of those Shares into redeemable Shares that shall be redeemed by the Company upon such terms and conditions as the Directors may agree with the holder(s) of such Shares at the relevant time. The Directors may convert, and the Company may redeem, any relevant Shares in accordance with this Article as they in their absolute discretion decide, subject to obtaining the prior consent of the holder(s) of such Shares, and there shall be no obligation on the Directors or Company to offer to convert and redeem any other Shares held by any other Members and no Member shall have any rights to require their Shares to be considered for conversion and redemption.

 

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Power to pay for redemption or purchase in cash or in specie

 

7.6When making a payment in respect of the redemption or purchase of Shares, the Directors may make the payment in cash or in specie (or partly in one way and partly in the other way).

 

Effect of redemption or purchase of a Share

 

7.7Upon the date of redemption or purchase of a Share:

 

(a)the Member holding that Share shall cease to be entitled to any rights in respect of the Share other than the right to receive:

 

(i)the applicable payment for the Share; and

 

(ii)any dividend declared in respect of the Share prior to the date of redemption or purchase;

 

(b)the Member’s name shall be removed from the Register of Members with respect to the Share; and

 

(c)the Share shall be cancelled or become a Treasury Share.

 

For the purpose of this Article, the date of redemption or purchase is the date when the redemption or purchase occurs.

 

8Variation of Rights Attaching to Shares

 

8.1If at any time the share capital of the Company is divided into different classes of Shares, all or any of the rights attached to any class (unless otherwise provided by the terms of issue of the Shares of that class) may, whether or not the Company is being wound up, be varied without the consent of the holders of the issued Shares of that class where such variation is considered by the Directors not to have a material adverse effect upon such rights; otherwise, any such variation shall be made only with the consent in writing of the holders of not less than two thirds of the issued Shares of that class, or with the sanction of a resolution passed by a majority of not less than two thirds of the votes cast at a separate meeting of the holders of the Shares of that class. For the avoidance of doubt, the Directors reserve the right, notwithstanding that any such variation may not have a material adverse effect, to obtain consent from the holders of Shares of the relevant class. To any such meeting all the provisions of these Articles relating to general meetings shall apply mutatis mutandis, except that the necessary quorum shall be one person holding or representing by proxy at least one third of the issued Shares of the class and that any holder of Shares of the class present in person or by proxy may demand a poll.

 

8.2For the purposes of a separate class meeting, the Directors may treat two or more or all the classes of Shares as forming one class of Shares if the Directors consider that such class of Shares would be affected in the same way by the proposals under consideration, but in any other case shall treat them as separate classes of Shares.

 

8.3The rights conferred upon the holders of the Shares of any class issued with preferred or other rights shall not, unless otherwise expressly provided by the terms of issue of the Shares of that class, be deemed to be varied by the creation or issue of further Shares ranking in priority to or pari passu therewith. The rights conferred upon the holders of Ordinary Shares shall be deemed not to be varied by the conversion and redemption of Ordinary Shares in accordance with Article ‎7.5 or any purchase or redemption by the Company of its own Shares.

 

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9Commission on Sale of Shares

 

The Company may, in so far as the Law permits, pay a commission to any person in consideration of his subscribing or agreeing to subscribe (whether absolutely or conditionally) or procuring or agreeing to procure subscriptions (whether absolutely or conditionally) for any Shares. Such commissions may be satisfied by the payment of cash and/or the issue of fully or partly paid-up Shares. The Company may also on any issue of Shares pay such brokerage as may be lawful.

 

10Non-Recognition of Trusts

 

Except as required by law:

 

(a)no person shall be recognised by the Company as holding any Share on any trust; and

 

(b)no person other than the Member shall be recognised by the Company as having any right in a Share.

 

11Transmission of Shares

 

Persons entitled on death of a Member

 

11.1If a Member dies, the survivor or survivors (where he was a Joint Holder) or his legal personal representatives (where he was a sole holder), shall be the only persons recognised by the Company as having any title to his Shares. The estate of a deceased Member is not thereby released from any liability in respect of any Share, for which he was a joint or sole holder.

 

Registration of transfer of a Share following death or bankruptcy

 

11.2Any person becoming entitled to a Share in consequence of the death or bankruptcy, liquidation or dissolution of a Member (or in any other way than by transfer) may, upon such evidence being produced as may be required by the Directors, elect, by a notice in writing sent by him to the Company, either to become the holder of such Share or to have some person nominated by him registered as the holder of such Share. If he elects to have another person registered as the holder of such Share he shall sign an instrument of transfer of that Share to that person. The Directors shall, in either case, have the same right to decline registration as they would have had in the case of a transfer of the Share by the relevant Member before his death or bankruptcy, liquidation or dissolution, as the case may be.

 

Indemnity

 

11.3The Directors may require a person registered as a Member by reason of the death or bankruptcy of another Member to indemnify the Company and the Directors against any loss or damage suffered by the Company or the Directors as a result of that registration.

 

Rights of person entitled to a Share following death or bankruptcy

 

11.4A person becoming entitled to a Share by reason of the death or bankruptcy or liquidation or dissolution of a Member (or in any other case than by transfer) shall be entitled to the same Dividends, other distributions and other advantages to which he would be entitled if he were the holder of such Share. However, he shall not, before becoming a Member in respect of a Share, be entitled in respect of it to exercise any right conferred by membership in relation to general meetings of the Company and the Directors may at any time give notice requiring any such person to elect either to be registered himself or to have some person nominated by him be registered as the holder of the Share (but the Directors shall, in either case, have the same right to decline registration as they would have had in the case of a transfer of the Share by the relevant Member before his death or bankruptcy or liquidation or dissolution or any other case than by transfer, as the case may be). If the notice is not complied with within ninety days of being received or deemed to be received (as determined pursuant to these Articles) the Directors may thereafter withhold payment of all Dividends, other distributions, bonuses or other monies payable in respect of the Share until the requirements of the notice have been complied with.

 

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12Alteration of capital

 

Increasing, consolidating, converting, dividing and cancelling share capital

 

12.1To the fullest extent permitted by the Law, the Company may by Special Resolution do any of the following (and amend its Memorandum and its Articles for that purpose):

 

(a)increase or reduce the number of Shares that it is authorised to issue;

 

(b)consolidate all or any of the Shares (whether issued or not) into fewer shares; or

 

(c)divide all or any of the Shares (whether issued or not) into more shares.

 

12.2All new Shares created hereunder shall be subject to the same provisions with reference to the payment of liens, transfer, transmission, forfeiture and otherwise as the Shares in the original share capital.

 

Reducing share capital

 

12.3Subject to the Law and to any rights for the time being conferred on the Members holding a particular class of Shares, the Company may, by Special Resolution, reduce its share capital in any way.

 

Sale of fractions of Shares

 

12.4Whenever, as a result of a consolidation or division of Shares, any Members would become entitled to fractions of a Share, the Directors may, in their absolute discretion, on behalf of those Members, sell the Shares representing the fractions for (i) the Market Price on the date of such consolidation or division, in the case of any shares listed on a Designated Stock Exchange, and (ii) the best price reasonably obtainable by the Company, in the case of any shares not listed on a Designated Stock Exchange, and distribute the net proceeds of sale in due proportion among those Members, and the Directors may authorise (and the relevant Member hereby authorises) any person to execute an instrument of transfer of the Shares to, or in accordance with the directions of, the purchaser. The transferee shall not be bound to see to the application of the purchase money nor shall his title to the Shares be affected by any irregularity in or invalidity of the proceedings in reference to the sale.

 

13Closing Register of Members or Fixing Record Date

 

13.1The Directors shall prepare, or cause to be prepared, at least ten (10) days before every general meeting, a complete list of the Members entitled to vote at such meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each Member and the number of Shares registered in the name of each Member. Such list shall be open to the examination of any Member, for any purpose germane to the meeting, during ordinary business hours, for a period of at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting, either at a place within the city where the meeting is to be held, which place shall be specified in the notice of the meeting, or, if not so specified, at the principal executive office of the Company. The list shall also be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time thereof, and may be inspected by any Member who is present.

 

13.2The Directors, in accordance with the Law, may fix in advance or arrears a date as the record date for any such determination of Members entitled to notice of, attend or to vote at a meeting of the Members or any adjournment thereof, or for the purpose of determining those Members that are entitled to receive payment of any Dividend or other distribution, or in order to make a determination of Members for any other purpose.

 

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13.3If no record date is fixed for the determination of Members entitled to receive notice of, attend or to vote at a meeting of Members or those Members that are entitled to receive payment of a Dividend or other distribution, the record date for such determination of Members shall be, subject to the Law, at the close of business on the Business Day next preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the Business Day next preceding the day on which the meeting is held. When a determination of those Members that are entitled to receive notice of, attend or vote at a meeting of Members has been made as provided in this Article, such determination shall apply to any adjournment thereof.

 

14General Meetings

 

Power to call meetings

 

14.1The Directors may call a general meeting at any time.

 

14.2If there are insufficient Directors to constitute a quorum and the remaining Directors are unable to agree on the appointment of additional Directors, the Directors must call a general meeting for the purpose of appointing additional Directors.

 

14.3The Directors must also call a general meeting if requisitioned by one or more Members in accordance with the Law.

 

14.4The requisition must:

 

(a)specify the objects of the meeting;

 

(b)be signed by or on behalf of the requisitioners. The requisition may consist of several documents in like form signed by one or more of the requisitioners; and

 

(c)be deposited at the Company’s registered office in accordance with the notice provisions.

 

Annual general meetings

 

14.5The Company shall hold annual general meetings unless otherwise dispensed with in accordance with the Law. The first annual general meeting shall be held within a period of 18 months of the Company’s incorporation and thereafter at least once in every calendar year. Not more than 18 months may elapse between one annual general meeting and the next.

 

Content of notice

 

14.6Notice of a general meeting shall specify each of the following:

 

(a)the place, the date and the time of the meeting;

 

(b)if the meeting is to be held in two or more places, the technology that will be used to facilitate the meeting;

 

(c)subject to Articles ‎14.6(d) and ‎14.16, the general nature of the business to be transacted;

 

(d)if a resolution is proposed as a Special Resolution, the text of that resolution; and

 

(e)in the case of an annual general meeting, that the meeting is an annual general meeting.

 

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14.7In each notice, there shall appear with reasonable prominence the following statements:

 

(a)that a Member who is entitled to attend and vote is entitled to appoint one or more proxies to attend and vote instead of that Member; and

 

(b)that a proxy need not be a Member.

 

Period of notice

 

14.8A general meeting, including an annual general meeting, shall be called by at least 14 clear days’ notice (but not more than sixty (60) calendar days’ notice). A meeting, however, may be called on shorter notice (and shall be deemed to have been duly called for all purposes hereunder) if it is so agreed:

 

(a)in the case of an annual general meeting, by all the Members entitled to attend and vote at that meeting; and

 

(b)in the case of any other meeting, by a majority in number of the Members having a right to attend and vote at that meeting, being a majority together holding not less than:

 

(i)95% where a Special Resolution is to be considered; or

 

(ii)90% for all other meetings;

 

of the total voting rights of the Members who have that right.

 

Persons entitled to receive notice

 

14.9Subject to the provisions of these Articles and to any restrictions imposed on any Shares, the notice shall be given to the following people:

 

(a)the Members;

 

(b)persons entitled to a Share in consequence of the death or bankruptcy of a Member;

 

(c)the Directors;

 

(d)the Company’s auditor (if any); and

 

(e)persons entitled to vote in respect of a Share in consequence of the incapacity of a Member.

 

Publication of notice on a website

 

14.10Subject to the Law, a notice of a general meeting may be published on a website providing the recipient is given separate notice of:

 

(a)the publication of the notice on the website;

 

(b)the address of the website;

 

(c)the place on the website where the notice may be accessed;

 

(d)how it may be accessed; and

 

(e)the place, date and time of the general meeting.

 

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14.11If a Member notifies the Company that he is unable for any reason to access the website, the Company must as soon as practicable give notice of the meeting to that Member in writing or by any other means permitted by these Articles but this will not affect when that Member is deemed to have been given notice of the meeting.

 

Time a website notice is deemed to be given

 

14.12A website notice is deemed to be given when the Member is given notice of its publication.

 

Required duration of publication on a website

 

14.13Where the notice of meeting is published on a website, it shall continue to be published in the same place on that website from the date of the notification until the conclusion of the meeting to which the notice relates.

 

Accidental omission to give notice or non-receipt of notice

 

14.14Proceedings at a meeting shall not be invalidated by the following:

 

(a)an accidental failure to give notice of the meeting or an instrument of proxy to any person entitled to notice; or

 

(b)non-receipt of notice of the meeting or an instrument of proxy by any person entitled to notice.

 

14.15In addition, where a notice of meeting is published on a website, proceedings at the meeting shall not be invalidated merely because it is accidentally published:

 

(a)in a different place on the website; or

 

(b)for only part of the period from the date of the notification until the conclusion of the meeting to which the notice relates.

 

Notice of other business

 

14.16No business may be transacted at any general meeting, other than business that is either (A) specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto) given by or at the direction of the Directors (or any duly authorised committee thereof) or pursuant to a requisition of a meeting by Members in accordance with Article ‎14.3, (B) otherwise properly brought before an annual general meeting by or at the direction of the Directors (or any duly authorised committee thereof) or (C) otherwise properly brought before an annual general meeting by any Member of the Company who (1) is a Member of record on both (x) the date of the giving of the notice by such Member provided for in this Article and (y) the record date for the determination of Members entitled to vote at such annual general meeting and (2) complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Article.

 

(a)In addition to any other applicable requirements, for business to be brought properly before an annual general meeting by a Member, such Member must have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the Secretary of the Company and comply with Article ‎14.16(c) and ‎(f).

 

(b)All notices of general meetings shall be sent or otherwise given in accordance with this Article not less than fourteen (14) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting. The notice shall specify the place, date and hour of the meeting and (i) in the case of an extraordinary general meeting, the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called (no business other than that specified in the notice may be transacted) or (ii) in the case of the annual general meeting, those matters which the Directors, at the time of giving the notice, intend to present for action by the Members (but any proper matter may be presented at the meeting for such action). The notice of any meeting at which Directors are to be elected shall include the name of any nominee or nominees who, at the time of the notice, the Directors intend to present for election.

 

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(c)For matters other than for the nomination for election of a Director to be made by a Member, to be timely such Member’s notice shall be delivered to the Company at the principal executive offices of the Company not less than ninety (90) days and not more than one hundred twenty (120) days prior to the one-year anniversary of the preceding year’s annual general meeting; provided, however, that if the Company’s annual general meeting occurs on a date more than thirty (30) days earlier or later than the Company’s prior year’s annual general meeting, then the Directors shall determine a date a reasonable period prior to the Company’s annual general meeting by which date the Members notice must be delivered and publicise such date in a filing pursuant to the Exchange Act, or via press release. Such publication shall occur at least fourteen (14) days prior to the date set by the Directors.

 

(d)To be in proper written form, a Member’s notice to the Company must set forth as to such matter such Member proposes to bring before the annual general meeting:

 

(i)a reasonably brief description of the business desired to be brought before the annual general meeting, including the text of the proposal or business, and the reasons for conducting such business at the annual general meeting;

 

(ii)the name and address, as they appear on the Company’s Register of Members, of the Member proposing such business and any Member Associated Person (as defined below);

 

(iii)the class or series and number of Shares of the Company that are held of record or are beneficially owned by such Member or any Member Associated Person and any derivative positions held or beneficially held by the Member or any Member Associated Person;

 

(iv)whether and the extent to which any hedging or other transaction or series of transactions has been entered into by or on behalf of such Member or any Member Associated Person with respect to any securities of the Company, and a description of any other agreement, arrangement or understanding (including any short position or any borrowing or lending of shares), the effect or intent of which is to mitigate loss to, or to manage the risk or benefit from share price changes for, or to increase or decrease the voting power of, such Member or any Member Associated Person with respect to any securities of the Company;

 

(v)any material interest of the Member or a Member Associated Person in such business, including a reasonably detailed description of all agreements, arrangements and understandings between or among any of such Members or between or among any proposing Members and any other person or entity (including their names) in connection with the proposal of such business by such Member; and

 

(vi)a statement as to whether such Member or any Member Associated Person will deliver a proxy statement and form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Company’s voting Shares required under applicable law and the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange to carry the proposal.

 

For purposes of this Article 14.16(d), a Member Associated Person of any Member shall mean (x) any Affiliate of, or person acting in concert with, such Member; (y) any beneficial owner of Shares of the Company owned of record or beneficially by such Member and on whose behalf the proposal or nomination, as the case may be, is being made; or (z) any person controlling, controlled by or under common control with such person referred to in the preceding clauses (x) and (y).

 

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(e)In addition to any other applicable requirements, for a nomination for election of a Director to be made by a Member of the Company (other than Directors to be nominated by any series of Preferred Shares, voting separately as a class), such Member must (i) be a Member of record on both (x) the date of the giving of the notice by such Member provided for in this Article and (y) the record date for the determination of Members entitled to vote at such annual general meeting; (ii) on each such date beneficially own more than 15% of the issued Ordinary Shares (unless otherwise provided in the Exchange Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission); and (iii) have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the Secretary of the Company. If a Member is entitled to vote only for a specific class or category of Directors at a meeting of the Members, such Member’s right to nominate one or more persons for election as a Director at the meeting shall be limited to such class or category of Directors.

 

(f)To be timely for purposes of Article ‎14.16(e), a Member’s notice shall be delivered to or mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Company not less than ninety (90) nor more than one hundred twenty (120) days prior to the meeting; provided, however, that in the event less than one hundred thirty (130) days’ notice or prior public disclosure of the date of the meeting is given or made to Members, notice by the Member to be timely must be so received not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the earlier of the day on which such notice of the date of the meeting was mailed or such public disclosure was made.

 

(g)To be in proper written form for purposes of Article ‎14.16(f), a Member’s notice to the Secretary must set forth:

 

(i)as to each Nominating Member:

 

(A)the information that is requested in Article ‎14.16(d)(ii)-‎(d)‎(vi); and

 

(B)any other information relating to such Member that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to any applicable law and rules of the Commission or of the Designated Stock Exchange; and

 

(ii)as to each person whom the Member proposes to nominate for election as a Director:

 

(A)all information that would be required by Article ‎14.16(d)(ii)-‎(d)‎(vi) if such nominee was a Nominating Member, except such information shall also include the business address and residence address of the person;

 

(B)the principal occupation or employment of the person;

 

(C)all information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for appointment of Directors in an election contest, or is otherwise required, in each case pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act or any successor provisions thereto, and any other information relating to the person that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to any applicable law and rules of the Commission or of the Designated Stock Exchange; and

 

(D)a description of all direct and indirect compensation and other material monetary arrangements and understandings during the past three years, and any other material relationship, between or among any Nominating Member and its Affiliates and associates, on the one hand, and each proposed nominee, his respective Affiliates and associates, on the other hand, including, without limitation, all information that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 under Regulation S-K of the Exchange Act if such Nominating Member were the “registrant” for purposes of such rule and the proposed nominee were a director or executive officer of such registrant.

 

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Such notice must be accompanied by a written consent of each proposed nominee to being named as a nominee and to serve as a Director if elected. The Company may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as may be reasonably required by the Company to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as an independent Director of the Company in accordance with the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange.

 

(h)Unless otherwise provided by (i) the terms of these Articles, (ii) any series of Preferred Shares or (iii) the agreements set forth in Article ‎14.16(c) or (iv) any other agreement among Members or other agreement, in the case of this clause ‎(iv), approved by the Directors, only persons who are nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth above, shall be eligible to serve as Directors. If the chairman of a general meeting determines that a proposed nomination was not made in compliance with these Articles, he or she shall declare to the general meeting that nomination is defective and such defective nomination shall be disregarded; provided that the chairman of such meeting may waive any such defect and submit to the meeting the name of any person duly qualified and willing to act. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of these Articles, if the Nominating Member (or a qualified representative of the Nominating Member) does not appear at the general meeting to present the nomination, such nomination shall be disregarded.

 

14.17Subject to the other provisions of these Articles, the Company may by Ordinary Resolution appoint any person to be a Director.

 

14.18Subject to these Articles, a Director shall hold office until the expiry of his or her term as contemplated by Article ‎19.2 or, until such time as he or she vacates office in accordance with Article ‎25.1.

 

14.19No person shall be eligible for election as a Director of the Company unless nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Article. If the chairman of an annual general meeting determines that a nomination was not made in accordance with the foregoing procedures, the chairman shall declare to the meeting that the nomination was defective and such defective nomination shall be disregarded. This Article ‎14 shall not apply to any nomination of a Director in an election in which only the holders of one or more series of Preferred Shares of the Company are entitled to vote (unless otherwise provided in the terms of such series of Preferred Shares).

 

15Proceedings at meetings of Members

 

Quorum

 

15.1No business shall be transacted at any general meeting unless a quorum of Members is present at the time when the meeting proceeds to business. Members holding in aggregate not less than a simple majority of all voting share capital of the Company in issue present in person or by proxy and entitled to vote shall be a quorum, provided that the minimum quorum for any meeting shall be two Members entitled to vote.

 

Use of technology

 

15.2A person may not participate at a general meeting by conference telephone or other communications equipment.

 

Lack of quorum

 

15.3If a quorum is not present within 15 minutes of the time appointed for the meeting, or if at any time during the meeting it becomes inquorate, then the following provisions apply:

 

(a)if the meeting was requisitioned by Members entitled to vote, it shall be cancelled; or

 

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(b)in any other case, the meeting shall stand adjourned to the same time and place seven days hence, or to such other time or place as is determined by the Directors.

 

Adjournment

 

15.4When a meeting is adjourned to another time and place, unless these Articles otherwise require, notice need not be given of the adjourned meeting if the time and place thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. At the adjourned meeting the Company may transact any business that might have been transacted at the original meeting. If the adjournment is for more than thirty (30) days, or if after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, a notice of the adjourned meeting shall be given to each Member of record entitled to vote at the meeting.

 

15.5A determination of the Members of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a general meeting shall apply to any adjournment of such meeting unless the Directors fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting, but the Directors shall fix a new record date if the meeting is adjourned for more than thirty (30) days from the date set for the original meeting.

 

Chairman

 

15.6The chairman of the board of Directors shall preside as chairman at every general meeting of the Company. If at any meeting the chairman of the board of Directors is not present within fifteen minutes after the time appointed for holding the meeting or is unwilling to act as chairman, the Directors present shall elect one of their number as chairman of the meeting or if all the Directors present decline to take the chair, the Members present shall choose one of their own number to be the chairman of the meeting.

 

Right of a Director or auditor’s representative to attend and speak

 

15.7Even if a Director or a representative of the auditor (if any) is not a Member, he shall be entitled to attend and speak at any general meeting and at any separate meeting of Members holding a particular class of Shares.

 

Method of voting

 

15.8All resolutions put to the vote of the meeting shall be decided on a poll. Each Member shall have one vote for each Share he holds which confers the right to receive and vote on a resolution put to the vote of a meeting, unless any Share carries special voting rights.

 

15.9In determining the number of votes cast for or against a proposal or a nominee, Shares abstaining from voting on any resolution and votes by a broker that have not been directed by the beneficial owner to vote on any resolution in any particular manner will be counted for purposes of determining a quorum but not for purposes of determining the number of votes cast.

 

Taking of a poll

 

15.10A poll on any question shall be taken immediately.

 

15.11A poll shall be taken in such manner as the chairman directs. He may appoint scrutineers (who need not be Members) and fix a place and time for declaring the result of the poll.

 

Chairman does not have casting vote

 

15.12In the case of an equality of votes, the chairman of the meeting shall not be entitled to a second or casting vote.

 

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No written resolutions

 

15.13Members are prohibited from passing resolutions in writing as contemplated in Article 95 of the Law.

 

16Voting rights of Members

 

Right to vote

 

16.1Unless their Shares carry no right to vote, or unless an amount presently payable has not been paid, all Members are entitled to vote at a general meeting and all Members holding Shares of a particular class are entitled to vote at a meeting of the holders of that class of Shares (whether present in person or by proxy).

 

16.2Members may vote in person or by proxy.

 

16.3A Member who is entitled to vote shall have one vote for each Share he holds, unless any Share carries special voting rights.

 

16.4A fraction of a Share carrying the right to vote shall entitle its holder to an equivalent fraction of one vote.

 

16.5No Member is bound to vote all its Shares or any of them, nor is he bound to vote each of his Shares in the same way.

 

16.6No Member shall be entitled to vote at any general meeting unless all sums presently payable by such Member in respect of Shares in the Company have been paid.

 

Rights of Joint Holders

 

16.7If Shares are held jointly, only one of the Joint Holders may vote. If more than one of the Joint Holders tenders a vote, the vote of the holder whose name in respect of those Shares appears first in the Register of Members shall be accepted to the exclusion of the votes of the other Joint Holders.

 

Member with mental disorder

 

16.8A Member in respect of whom an order has been made by any court having jurisdiction (whether in the Island or elsewhere) in matters concerning mental disorder may vote by that Member’s receiver, curator bonis or other person authorised or appointed by that court.

 

16.9For the purpose of the preceding Article, evidence to the satisfaction of the Directors of the authority of the person claiming to exercise the right to vote must be received not less than 24 hours before holding the relevant meeting or the adjourned meeting in any manner specified for the delivery of forms of appointment of a proxy, whether in writing or by Electronic means. In default, the right to vote shall not be exercisable.

 

Objections to admissibility of votes

 

16.10An objection to the validity of a person’s vote may only be raised at the meeting or at the adjourned meeting at which the vote is sought to be tendered. Any objection duly made shall be referred to the chairman whose decision shall be final and conclusive.

 

Form of proxy

 

16.11An instrument appointing a proxy shall be in any common form or in any other form approved by the Directors. A Member may appoint more than one proxy to attend on the same occasion.

 

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16.12An instrument appointing a proxy that is in writing must be signed in one of the following ways:

 

(a)by the Member;

 

(b)by the Member’s authorised attorney; or

 

(c)if the Member is a corporation or other body corporate, under seal or signed by a duly authorised signatory (including an authorised officer, secretary or attorney).

 

If the Directors so resolve, the Company may accept an Electronic Record of that instrument delivered in the manner specified below and otherwise satisfying the Articles about authentication of Electronic Records.

 

In addition, the Directors may provide or facilitate the provision of another form of proxy in such form other than in writing that they think fit (including, for the avoidance of doubt, the provision for the appointment of a proxy, the receipt of proxy forms and/or receipt of (or processing of) voting instructions for use at any general meeting by way of any telephone, internet-based or any other electronic systems as they in their absolute discretion may think fit) and the Directors shall in such case specify the method of authentication to be used in respect of any such appointment in the notice convening the meeting.

 

16.13The Directors may require the production of any evidence which they consider necessary to determine the validity of any appointment of a proxy.

 

16.14A Member may revoke the appointment of a proxy by notice to the Company duly signed in accordance with Article ‎16.12 prior to the time specified by the Company for the revocation of proxies for the meeting or adjourned meeting, but no earlier than 48 hours prior to the meeting; (for which purpose no account shall be taken of any part of a day that is not a working day); but such revocation will not affect the validity of any acts carried out by the proxy before the Directors of the Company had actual notice of the revocation.

 

How and when proxy is to be delivered

 

16.15Subject to the following Articles, the form of appointment of a proxy and any authority under which it is signed, or a copy of the authority certified notarially or in any other way approved by the Directors, must be delivered so that it is received by the Company prior to the time specified by the Company for voting by proxy at the meeting. They must be delivered in either of the following ways:

 

(a)in the case of an instrument in writing, it must be left at or sent by post:

 

(i)to the registered office of the Company; or

 

(ii)to such other place specified in the notice convening the meeting or in any form of appointment of proxy sent out by the Company in relation to the meeting; or

 

(b)if, pursuant to the notice provisions, a notice may be given to the Company in an Electronic Record, an Electronic Record of an appointment of a proxy must be sent to the address specified pursuant to those provisions unless another address for that purpose is specified:

 

(i)in the notice convening the meeting;

 

(ii)in any form of appointment of a proxy sent out by the Company in relation to the meeting; or

 

(iii)in any invitation to appoint a proxy issued by the Company in relation to the meeting; or

 

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(c)if, pursuant to Article ‎16.12 the Directors have provided or facilitated the provision of another form of proxy in a form other than in writing, the Directors shall specify how and when that appointment of a proxy must be delivered in the notice convening the meeting.

 

16.16Where a poll is taken, the form of appointment of a proxy and any accompanying authority (or an Electronic Record of the same) must be delivered as required under Article ‎16.15.

 

16.17If the form of appointment of proxy is not delivered on time, it is invalid.

 

Voting by proxy

 

16.18A proxy shall have the same voting rights at a meeting or adjourned meeting as the Member would have had except to the extent that the instrument appointing him limits those rights. Notwithstanding the appointment of a proxy, a Member may attend and vote at a meeting or adjourned meeting. If a Member votes on any resolution, a vote by his proxy on the same resolution, unless in respect of different Shares, shall be invalid.

 

17Corporations Acting by Representatives at Meeting

 

17.1Save where otherwise provided, a corporate Member must act by one or more duly authorised representatives.

 

17.2A corporate Member wishing to act by a duly authorised representative must identify that person to the Company by notice in writing.

 

17.3The authorisation may be for any period of time, and must be delivered to the Company before the commencement of the meeting at which it is first used.

 

17.4The Directors of the Company may require the production of any evidence which they consider necessary to determine the validity of the notice.

 

17.5Where a duly authorised representative is present at a meeting that Member is deemed to be present in person, and the acts of the duly authorised representative are personal acts of that Member.

 

17.6A corporate Member may revoke the appointment of a duly authorised representative at any time by notice to the Company, but such revocation will not affect the validity of any acts carried out by the duly authorised representative before the Directors of the Company had actual notice of the revocation.

 

18Clearing Houses

 

If a clearing house or depository (or its nominee) is a Member it may, by resolution of its Directors, other governing body or authorised individual(s) or by power of attorney, authorise such person or persons as it thinks fit to act as its representative or representatives at any general meeting of the Company or at any general meeting of any class of Members; provided that, if more than one person is so authorised, the authorisation shall specify the number and class of Shares in respect of which each such person is so authorised. A person so authorised pursuant to this provision shall be entitled to exercise the same powers on behalf of the clearing house (or its nominee) which he represents as that clearing house (or its nominee) could exercise if it were an individual Member of the Company holding the number and class of Shares specified in such authorisation.

 

19Directors

 

19.1The minimum number of Directors shall be two and the maximum number of Directors shall be fourteen, unless increased or decreased from time to time by the Directors or the Company in general meeting. So long as Shares are listed on the Designated Stock Exchange, the board of Directors shall include such number of “independent directors” as the relevant rules applicable to the listing of any Shares on the Designated Stock Exchange require.

 

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19.2The Directors shall be divided into three (3) classes designated as Class I, Class II and Class III, respectively. Each class shall consist, as nearly as may be practicable, of one-third of the total number of Directors constituting the entire board of Directors. At the first annual general meeting of Members, the term of office of the Class I Directors shall expire and Class I Directors shall be elected for a full term of three (3) years. At the second annual general meeting of Members, the term of office of the Class II Directors shall expire and Class II Directors shall be elected for a full term of three (3) years. At the third annual general meeting of Members, the term of office of the Class III Directors shall expire and Class III Directors shall be elected for a full term of three (3) years. At each succeeding annual general meeting of Members, Directors shall be elected for a full term of three (3) years to succeed the Directors of the class whose terms expire at such annual general meeting. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this Article, each Director shall hold office until the expiration of his term, until his successor shall have been duly elected and qualified or until his earlier death, resignation or removal. In the event of any change in the number of Directors, the board of Directors shall apportion any newly created directorships among, or reduce the number of directorships in, such class or classes as shall equalize, as nearly as possible, the number of Directors in each class. The board of Directors may, in its discretion, reallocate any Director to another class in connection with such a change in the number of Directors; provided that no decrease in the number of Directors constituting the Directors shall shorten the term of any incumbent Director.

 

20Appointment, disqualification and removal of Directors

 

No age limit

 

20.1There is no age limit for Directors save that they must be aged at least 18 years.

 

No corporate Directors

 

20.2A Director must be a natural person.

 

Appointment of Directors

 

20.3No appointment can cause the number of Directors to exceed the maximum, and any such appointment shall be invalid.

 

Removal of Directors

 

20.4A Director may be removed from office by the Members by Special Resolution only for cause (“cause” for removal of a Director shall be deemed to exist only if (a) the Director whose removal is proposed has been convicted of a felony by a court of competent jurisdiction and such conviction is no longer subject to direct appeal; (b) such Director has been found by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Directors then in office at any regular or special meeting of the board of Directors called for that purpose, or by a court of competent jurisdiction, to have been guilty of wilful misconduct in the performance of such Director’s duties to the Company in a matter of substantial importance to the Company; or (c) such Director has been adjudicated by a court of competent jurisdiction to be mentally incompetent, (which mental incompetency directly affects such Director’s ability to perform his or her obligations as a Director) at any time before the expiration of his term notwithstanding anything in these Articles or in any agreement between the Company and such Director (but without prejudice to any claim for damages under such agreement). In addition, a Director may be removed from office by the board of Directors by resolution made by the Directors for cause.

 

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Filling of vacancies

 

20.5A vacancy on the board of Directors may be filled only by the affirmative vote of a simple majority of the remaining Directors present and voting at a meeting of the Directors, subject to these Articles, applicable law and the listing rules of the Designated Stock Exchange. A Director appointed to fill a vacancy in accordance with this Article shall be of the same Class of Director as the Director he or she replaced and the term of such appointment shall terminate in accordance with that Class of Director.

 

Resignation of Directors

 

20.6A Director may at any time resign the office by giving to the Company notice in writing or, if permitted pursuant to the notice provisions, in an Electronic Record delivered in either case in accordance with those provisions.

 

20.7Unless the notice specifies a different date, the Director shall be deemed to have resigned on the date on which the notice is delivered to the Company.

 

Corporate governance policies

 

20.8The Directors may, from time to time, and except as required by applicable law or the listing rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, adopt, institute, amend, modify or revoke the corporate governance policies or initiatives, which shall be intended to set forth the policies of the Company and the Directors on various corporate governance related matters, as the Directors shall determine by resolution from time to time.

 

No shareholding qualification

 

20.9A Director shall not be required to hold any Shares in the Company by way of qualification. A Director who is not a Member of the Company shall nevertheless be entitled to receive notice of and to attend and speak at general meetings of the Company and all classes of Shares of the Company.

 

21Directors’ Fees and Expenses

 

21.1The Directors may receive such remuneration as the Directors may from time to time determine. The Directors may be entitled to be repaid all traveling, hotel and incidental expenses reasonably incurred or expected to be incurred by him in attending meetings of the Directors or committees of the Directors or general meetings or separate meetings of any class of securities of the Company or otherwise in connection with the discharge of his duties as a Director.

 

21.2Any Director who performs services which in the opinion of the Directors go beyond the ordinary duties of a Director may be paid such extra remuneration (whether by way of salary, commission, participation in profits or otherwise) as the Directors may determine and such extra remuneration shall be in addition to or in substitution for any ordinary remuneration provided for, by or pursuant to any other Article.

 

22Alternate directors

 

Appointment and removal

 

22.1Any Director (other than an alternate director) may appoint any other person, including another Director, to act in his or her place as an alternate director. No appointment shall take effect until the Director has given notice of the appointment to the other Directors.

 

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22.2A Director may revoke his or her appointment of an alternate at any time. No revocation shall take effect until the Director has given notice of the revocation to the other Directors.

 

22.3A notice of appointment or removal of an alternate director must be given to the Company by any of the following methods:

 

(a)by notice in writing in accordance with the notice provisions; or

 

(b)if the Company has a facsimile address for the time being, by sending by facsimile transmission to that facsimile address a facsimile copy or, otherwise, by sending by facsimile transmission to the facsimile address of the Company's registered office a facsimile copy (in either case, the facsimile copy being deemed to be the notice unless Article ‎38.7 applies), in which event notice shall be taken to be given on the date of an error-free transmission report from the sender's fax machine; or

 

(c)if the Company has an email address for the time being, by email to that email address or, otherwise, by email to the email address provided by the Company's registered office (in either case, the email being deemed to be the notice unless Article ‎38.7 applies), in which event notice shall be taken to be given on the date of receipt by the Company or the Company's registered office (as appropriate); or

 

(d)if permitted pursuant to the notice provisions, in some other form of approved Electronic Record delivered in accordance with those provisions in writing.

 

Notices

 

22.4All notices of meetings of Directors shall continue to be given to the appointing Director and not to the alternate.

 

Rights of alternate director

 

22.5An alternate director, where so appointed and acting, shall (subject to these Articles) be entitled to:

 

(a)attend and vote at any board meeting or meeting of a committee of the Directors at which the appointing Director is not personally present;

 

(b)sign any written resolution of the Directors or a committee of the Directors circulated for written consent; and

 

(c)generally perform all the functions of the appointing Director in his or her absence.

 

An alternate director, however, is not entitled to receive any remuneration from the Company for services rendered as an alternate director.

 

22.6A Director who is also an alternate director shall be entitled to a separate vote for each Director for whom he or she acts as alternate in addition to his or her own vote.

 

22.7Save as otherwise provided in these Articles, an alternate director shall be deemed for all purposes to be a Director and shall alone be responsible for his or her own acts and defaults and he or she shall not be deemed to be the agent of the Director appointing him or her.

 

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Appointment ceases when the appointor ceases to be a Director

 

22.8An alternate director shall automatically cease to be an alternate director if the Director who appointed him or her ceases to be a Director, or on the occurrence in relation to the alternate of any event which, if it occurred in relation to the alternate's appointer, would result in the termination of the appointer's appointment as a Director.

 

23Powers and duties of Directors

 

23.1Subject to the provisions of the Law, the Memorandum, these Articles and any resolutions made in a general meeting, the business of the Company shall be managed by the Directors, who may pay all expenses incurred in setting up and registering the Company and may exercise all powers of the Company.

 

23.2No prior act of the Directors shall be invalidated by any subsequent alteration of the Memorandum or these Articles or any direction given by Special Resolution. However, to the extent allowed by the Law, Members may in accordance with the Law validate any prior or future act of the Directors which would otherwise be in breach of their duties.

 

24Delegation of powers

 

Power to delegate any of the Directors’ powers to a committee

 

24.1The Directors may delegate any of their powers to committees consisting of such member or members of their body as they think fit; provided that any committee so formed shall include amongst its members at least two Directors unless otherwise required by applicable law or the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange; provided further that no committee shall have the power or authority to (a) recommend to the Members an amendment of these Articles (except that a committee may, to the extent authorised in the resolution or resolutions providing for the issuance of Shares adopted by the Directors as provided under the laws of Jersey, fix the designations and any of the preferences or rights of such Shares relating to dividends, redemption, dissolution, any distribution of assets of the Company or the conversion into, or the exchange of such Shares for, Shares of any other class or classes or any other series of the same or any other class or classes of Shares of the Company); (b) adopt an agreement of merger or consolidation; (c) recommend to the Members the sale, lease or exchange of all or substantially all of the Company’s property and assets; (d) recommend to the Members a dissolution of the Company or a revocation of a dissolution; (e) recommend to the Members an amendment of the Memorandum; or (f) declare a dividend or authorise the issuance of Shares unless the resolution establishing such committee (or the charter of such committee approved by the Directors) permits the committee to so declare or authorize. Any committee so formed shall in the exercise of the powers so delegated conform to any regulations that may be imposed on it by the Directors.

 

24.2Unless otherwise permitted by the Directors, a committee must follow the procedures prescribed for the taking of decisions by Directors.

 

Power to appoint an agent of the Company

 

24.3The Directors may appoint any person, either generally or in respect of any specific matter, to be the agent of the Company with or without authority for that person to delegate all or any of that person’s powers. The Directors may make that appointment:

 

(a)by causing the Company to enter into a power of attorney or agreement; or

 

(b)in any other manner they determine.

 

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Power to appoint an attorney or authorised signatory of the Company

 

24.4The Directors may from time to time and at any time by power of attorney appoint any company, firm or person or body of persons, whether nominated directly or indirectly by the Directors, to be the attorney or attorneys of the Company for such purposes and with such powers, authorities and discretion (not exceeding those vested in or exercisable by the Directors under these Articles) and for such period and subject to such conditions as they may think fit, and any such power of attorney may contain such provisions for the protection and convenience of persons dealing with any such attorney as the Directors may think fit, and may also authorise any such attorney to delegate all or any of the powers, authorities and discretion vested in him.

 

24.5Any power of attorney or other appointment may contain such provision for the protection and convenience of persons dealing with the attorney or authorised signatory as the Directors think fit. Any power of attorney or other appointment may also authorise the attorney or authorised signatory to delegate all or any of the powers, authorities and discretions vested in that person.

 

Management

 

24.6The Directors may from time to time provide for the management of the affairs of the Company in such manner as they shall think fit and the provisions contained in the following paragraphs shall be without prejudice to the general powers conferred by this paragraph.

 

24.7The Directors from time to time and at any time may establish any advisory committees, local boards or agencies for managing any of the affairs of the Company and may appoint any persons to be members of such advisory committees or local boards and may appoint any agents of the Company and may fix the remuneration of any of the aforesaid.

 

24.8The Directors from time to time and at any time may delegate to any such advisory committee, local board or agent any of the powers, authorities and discretions for the time being vested in the Directors and may authorise the members for the time being of any such local advisory committee or board, or any of them to fill up any vacancies therein and to act notwithstanding vacancies and any such appointment or delegation may be made on such terms and subject to such conditions as the Directors may think fit and the Directors may at any time remove any person so appointed and may annul or vary any such delegation, but no person dealing in good faith and without notice of any such annulment or variation shall be affected thereby.

 

24.9Any such delegates as aforesaid may be authorised by the Directors to sub-delegate all or any of the powers, authorities, and discretions for the time being vested to them.

 

24.10The Directors shall elect, by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Directors then in office, a chairman. The chairman of the board of Directors shall be a Director or an officer of the Company. Subject to the provisions of these Articles and the direction of the Directors, the chairman of the board of Directors shall perform all duties and have all powers which are commonly incident to the position of chairman of a board or which are delegated to him or her by the Directors, preside at all general meetings and meetings of the Directors at which he or she is present and have such powers and perform such duties as the Directors may from time to time prescribe.

 

25Disqualification of Directors

 

25.1Subject to these Articles, the office of Director shall be vacated, if the Director:

 

(a)becomes bankrupt or makes any arrangement or composition with his creditors;

 

(b)dies or is found to be or becomes, in the opinion of a registered medical practitioner by whom he is being treated, physically or mentally incapable of acting as a Director;

 

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(c)resigns his office by notice to the Company in accordance with Articles ‎20.6 and ‎20.7;

 

(d)is prohibited by applicable law or the Designated Stock Exchange from being a Director;

 

(e)without special leave of absence from the Directors, is absent from meetings of the Directors for six consecutive months and the Directors resolve that his office be vacated; or

 

(f)is removed from office pursuant to these Articles or any other agreement between the Director and the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

25.2If the office of Director is terminated or vacated for any reason, he shall thereupon cease to be a member of any committee of the board of Directors of the Company.

 

26Meetings of Directors

 

Regulation of Directors’ meetings

 

26.1Subject to the provisions of these Articles, the Directors may regulate their proceedings as they think fit.

 

Calling meetings

 

26.2The chairman of the board of Directors, a majority of the Directors or the Secretary on request of a Director may at any time summon a meeting of the Directors by twenty-four (24) hour notice to each Director in person, by telephone, facsimile, electronic email, or in such other manner as the Directors may from time to time determine, which notice shall set forth the general nature of the business to be considered unless notice is waived by all the Directors either at, before or after the meeting is held. Notice of a meeting need not be given to any Director (i) who signs a waiver of notice or a consent to holding the meeting or an approval of the minutes thereof, whether before or after the meeting, or (ii) who attends the meeting without protesting, prior thereto or at its commencement, the lack of notice to such Directors. All such waivers, consents, and approvals shall be filed with the corporate records or made part of the minutes of the meeting. A waiver of notice need not specify the purpose of any regular or special meeting of the Directors.

 

Use of technology

 

26.3A Director or Directors may participate in any meeting of the Directors, or of any committee appointed by the Directors of which such Director or Directors are members, by means of telephone or similar communication equipment by way of which all persons participating in such meeting can hear each other and such participation shall be deemed to constitute presence in person at the meeting.

 

Quorum

 

26.4The quorum for the transaction of business at a meeting of Directors (including any adjourned meeting) shall be two Directors (including, if applicable, any alternate directors). Every act or decision done or made by a majority of the Directors present at a duly held meeting at which a quorum is present shall be regarded as the act of the Directors, subject to the provisions of these Articles and other applicable law. The contemporaneous linking together by telephone or other electronic means of a sufficient number of Directors to constitute a quorum, constitutes a meeting of the Directors.

 

26.5Subject to these Articles, an alternate director present at a meeting of Directors shall, in the absence of the Director for whom he or she acts as alternate director, be counted in the quorum at the meeting and any Director who is present and counts in the quorum at a board meeting shall also be counted in the quorum as one for each absent Director for whom he or she acts as alternate director at the meeting; provided that not less than two individuals will constitute the quorum.

 

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26.6If a quorum is not present within 15 minutes from the time specified for a meeting of Directors, or if, during a meeting, a quorum ceases to be present, then the meeting shall be adjourned to the same day in the next week at the same time and place or such other day, time and place as the Director(s) calling such meeting may determine.

 

Voting

 

26.7A question which arises at a board meeting shall be decided by a majority of votes. If votes are equal the chairman shall not have a casting vote.

 

26.8The continuing Directors may act notwithstanding any vacancy in their body but if and so long as their number is reduced below the number fixed by or pursuant to these Articles as the necessary quorum of Directors, the continuing Directors may act for the purpose of increasing the number, or of summoning a general meeting of the Company, but for no other purpose.

 

Validity

 

26.9Anything done at a meeting of Directors is unaffected by the fact that it is later discovered that any person was not properly appointed, or had ceased to be a Director, or was otherwise not entitled to vote.

 

27Permissible Directors’ interests and disclosure

 

27.1Subject to these Articles and the Law, a Director who is in any way, whether directly or indirectly, interested in a contract or proposed contract with the Company shall declare the nature of his interest at a meeting of the Directors. A general notice given to the Directors by any Director to the effect that he is a member of any specified company or firm and is to be regarded as interested in any contract which may thereafter be made with that company or firm shall be deemed a sufficient declaration of interest in regard to any contract so made. A Director may vote in respect of any contract or proposed contract or arrangement notwithstanding that he may be interested therein and if he does so his vote shall be counted and he may be counted in the quorum at any meeting of the Directors at which any such contract or proposed contract or arrangement shall come before the meeting for consideration.

 

27.2A Director may hold any other office or place of profit under the Company (other than the office of auditor) in conjunction with his office of Director for such period and on such terms (as to remuneration and otherwise) as the Directors may determine and no Director or intending Director shall be disqualified by his office from contracting with the Company either with regard to his tenure of any such other office or place of profit or as vendor, purchaser or otherwise, nor shall any such contract or arrangement entered into by or on behalf of the Company in which any Director is in any way interested, be liable to be avoided, nor shall any Director so contracting or being so interested be liable to account to the Company for any profit realised by any such contract or arrangement by reason of such Director holding that office or of the fiduciary relation thereby established. A Director, notwithstanding his interest, may be counted in the quorum present at any meeting whereat he or any other Director is appointed to hold any such office or place of profit under the Company or whereat the terms of any such appointment are arranged and he may vote on any such appointment or arrangement. Any Director who enters into a contract or arrangement or has a relationship that is reasonably likely to be implicated under this Article ‎27.2 or that would reasonably be likely to affect a Director’s status as an “Independent Director” under applicable law or the rules of the Designated Stock Exchange shall disclose the nature of his or her interest in any such contract or arrangement in which he is interested or any such relationship.

 

27.3Any Director may act by himself or his firm in a professional capacity for the Company, and he or his firm shall be entitled to reasonable expense reimbursement consistent with the Company’s policies in connection with such Director’s service in his official capacity; provided that nothing herein contained shall authorise a Director or his firm to act as auditor to the Company.

 

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28Minutes

 

28.1The Directors shall cause minutes to be made in books or loose-leaf folders provided for the purpose of recording:

 

(a)all appointments of officers made by the Directors;

 

(b)the names of the Directors present at each meeting of the Directors and of any committee of the Directors; and

 

(c)all resolutions and proceedings at all meetings of the Company, and of the Directors and of committees of Directors.

 

Written resolutions

 

28.2The Directors may pass a resolution in writing without holding a meeting if the following conditions are met:

 

(a)all Directors are given notice of the resolution;

 

(b)the resolution is set out in a document or documents indicating that it is a written resolution;

 

(c)all of the Directors:

 

(i)sign a document; or

 

(ii)sign several documents in the like form each signed by one or more Directors; and

 

(d)the signed document or documents is or are delivered to the Company, including, if the Company so nominates by delivery of an Electronic Record, by Electronic means to the address specified for that purpose.

 

28.3Such written resolution shall be as effective as if it had been passed at a meeting of the Directors duly convened and held; and it shall be treated as having been passed on the day and at the time that the last Director signs.

 

29Record Dates

 

Except to the extent of any conflicting rights attached to Shares, the Directors may fix any time and date as the record date for declaring or paying a dividend or making or issuing an allotment of Shares. The record date may be before or after the date on which a dividend, allotment or issue is declared, paid or made.

 

30Dividends

 

Payment of dividends by Directors

 

30.1Subject to the provisions of the Law, the Directors may pay dividends in accordance with the respective rights of the Members. Any dividend shall not be a debt owed by the Company until such time as payment of the dividend is made.

 

30.2In relation to Shares carrying differing rights to dividends or rights to dividends at a fixed rate, the following applies:

 

(a)if the Company has different classes of Shares, the Directors may pay dividends on Shares which confer deferred or non-preferred rights with regard to dividends as well as on Shares which confer preferential rights with regard to dividends but no dividend shall be paid on Shares carrying deferred or non-preferred rights if, at the time of payment, any preferential dividend is in arrears;

 

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(b)subject to the provisions of the Law, the Directors may also pay, at intervals settled by them, any dividend payable at a fixed rate if it appears to them that there are sufficient funds of the Company lawfully available for distribution to justify the payment; and

 

(c)if the Directors act in good faith, they shall not incur any liability to the Members holding Shares conferring preferred rights for any loss those Members may suffer by the lawful payment of the dividend on any Shares having deferred or non-preferred rights.

 

Apportionment of dividends

 

30.3Except as otherwise provided by the rights attached to Shares, all dividends shall be declared and paid according to the amounts paid up on the Shares on which the dividend is paid. All dividends shall be apportioned and paid proportionately to the amount paid up on the Shares during the time or part of the time in respect of which the dividend is paid. But if a Share is issued on terms providing that it shall rank for dividend as from a particular date, that Share shall rank for dividend accordingly.

 

Right of set off

 

30.4The Directors may deduct from a dividend or any other amount payable to a person in respect of a Share any amount due by that person to the Company in relation to a Share.

 

Power to pay other than in cash

 

30.5If the Directors so determine, any resolution determining a dividend may direct that it shall be satisfied wholly or partly by the distribution of assets or the issue of Shares. If a difficulty arises in relation to the distribution, the Directors may settle that difficulty in any way they consider appropriate. For example, they may do any one or more of the following:

 

(a)issue fractional Shares;

 

(b)fix the value of assets for distribution and make cash payments to some Members on the footing of the value so fixed in order to adjust the rights of Members; and

 

(c)vest some assets in trustees.

 

How payments may be made

 

30.6A dividend or other monies payable on or in respect of a Share may be paid in any of the following ways:

 

(a)if the Member holding that Share or other person entitled to that Share nominates a bank account for that purpose, by wire transfer to that bank account; or

 

(b)by cheque or warrant sent by post to the registered address of the Member holding that Share or other person entitled to that Share.

 

30.7For the purpose of Article ‎30.6(a), the nomination may be in writing or in an Electronic Record and the bank account nominated may be the bank account of another person. For the purpose of Article ‎30.6(b), subject to any applicable law or regulation, the cheque or warrant shall be made to the order of the Member holding that Share or other person entitled to the Share or to his nominee, whether nominated in writing or in an Electronic Record, and payment of the cheque or warrant shall be a good discharge to the Company.

 

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30.8If two or more persons are registered as Joint Holders, a dividend (or other amount) payable on or in respect of that Share may be paid as follows:

 

(a)to the registered address of the Joint Holder of the Share who is named first on the Register of Members or to the registered address of the deceased or bankrupt holder, as the case may be; or

 

(b)to the address or bank account of another person nominated by the Joint Holders, whether that nomination is in writing or in an Electronic Record.

 

30.9Any Joint Holder of a Share may give a valid receipt for a dividend (or other amount) payable in respect of that Share.

 

Dividends or other monies not to bear interest in absence of special rights

 

30.10Unless provided for by the rights attached to a Share, no dividend or other monies payable by the Company in respect of a Share shall bear interest.

 

Unclaimed Dividends

 

30.11All dividends unclaimed for one (1) year after having been declared may be invested or otherwise made use of by the Directors for the benefit of the Company until claimed. Subject to any applicable unclaimed property or other laws, any dividend unclaimed after a period of ten (10) years from the date of declaration shall be forfeited and shall revert to the Company. The payment by the Directors of any unclaimed dividend or other sums payable on or in respect of a Share into a separate account shall not constitute the Company a trustee in respect thereof.

 

31Accounts and audits

 

Accounting and other records

 

31.1The Directors must ensure that proper accounting and other records are kept, and that accounts and associated reports are distributed in accordance with the requirements of the Law.

 

No automatic right of inspection

 

31.2Except as provided in Article ‎13.1, the Directors shall from time to time determine whether and to what extent and at what times and places and under what conditions or regulations the accounts and books of the Company or any of them shall be open to the inspection of Members not being Directors, and no Member (not being a Director) shall have any right of inspecting any account or book or document of the Company except as conferred by applicable law or authorised by the Directors.

 

Sending of accounts and reports

 

31.3The Company’s accounts and associated Directors’ report and auditor’s report (if any) that are required or permitted to be sent to any person pursuant to any law shall be treated as properly sent to that person if:

 

(a)they are sent to that person in accordance with the notice provisions in Article ‎37; or

 

(b)they are published on a website providing that person is given separate notice of:

 

(i)the fact that the documents have been published on the website;

 

(ii)the address of the website;

 

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(iii)the place on the website where the documents may be accessed; and

 

(iv)how they may be accessed.

 

31.4If, for any reason, a person notifies the Company that he is unable to access the website, the Company must, as soon as practicable, send the documents to that person by any other means permitted by these Articles. This, however, will not affect when that person is taken to have received the documents under Article ‎31.5.

 

Time of receipt if documents are published on a website

 

31.5Documents sent by being published on a website in accordance with the preceding two Articles are only treated as sent at least 14 clear days before the date of the meeting at which they are to be laid if:

 

(a)the documents are published on the website throughout a period beginning at least 14 clear days before the date of the meeting and ending with the conclusion of the meeting; and

 

(b)the person is given at least 14 clear days’ notice of the meeting.

 

Validity despite accidental error in publication on website

 

31.6If, for the purpose of a meeting, documents are sent by being published on a website in accordance with the preceding Articles, the proceedings at that meeting are not invalidated merely because by accident:

 

(a)those documents are published in a different place on the website to the place notified; or

 

(b)they are published for only part of the period from the date of notification until the conclusion of that meeting.

 

When accounts are to be audited

 

31.7The accounts relating to the Company’s affairs shall be audited in such manner and with such financial year end as may be determined from time to time by the Directors or failing any determination as aforesaid shall not be audited.

 

32Audit

 

32.1The Directors or, if authorised to do so, the audit committee of the Directors, may appoint an auditor of the Company who shall hold office until removed from office by a resolution of the Directors and may fix his or their remuneration.

 

32.2Every auditor of the Company shall have a right of access at all times to the books and accounts and vouchers of the Company and shall be entitled to require from the Directors and officers of the Company such information and explanation as may be necessary for the performance of the duties of the auditors.

 

33Seal

 

Company seal

 

33.1The Company may have a seal if the Directors so determine.

 

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Official seal

 

33.2Subject to the provisions of the Law, the Company may also have:

 

(a)an official seal or seals for use in any place or places outside the Island. Each such official seal shall be a facsimile of the original seal of the Company but shall have added on its face the name of the country, territory or place where it is to be used or the words “branch seal”; and

 

(b)an official seal for use only in connection with the sealing of securities issued by the Company and such official seal shall be a copy of the common seal of the Company but shall in addition bear the word “securities”.

 

When and how seal is to be used

 

33.3A seal may only be used by the authority of the Directors. Unless the Directors otherwise determine, a document to which a seal is affixed must be signed in one of the following ways:

 

(a)by a Director (or his or her alternate) and the Secretary; or

 

(b)by a single Director (or his or her alternate).

 

If no seal is adopted or used

 

33.4If the Directors do not adopt a seal, or a seal is not used, a document may be executed in the following manner:

 

(a)by a Director (or his or her alternate) and the Secretary; or

 

(b)by a single Director (or his or her alternate); or

 

(c)by any other person authorised by the Directors; or

 

(d)in any other manner permitted by the Law.

 

Power to allow non-manual signatures and facsimile printing of seal

 

33.5The Directors may determine that either or both of the following applies:

 

(a)that the seal or a duplicate seal need not be affixed manually but may be affixed by some other method or system of reproduction; and/or

 

(b)that a signature required by these Articles need not be manual but may be a mechanical or Electronic Signature.

 

Validity of execution

 

33.6If a document is duly executed and delivered by or on behalf of the Company, it shall not be regarded as invalid merely because, at the date of the delivery, the Secretary, or the Director, or other Officer or person who signed the document or affixed the seal for and on behalf of the Company ceased to be the Secretary or hold that office and authority on behalf of the Company.

 

34Officers

 

34.1Subject to these Articles, the Directors may from time to time appoint any person, whether or not a Director of the Company, to hold the office of the chairman of the board of Directors, the Chief Executive Officer, the President, the Chief Financial Officer, one or more Vice Presidents or such other Officers as the Directors may think necessary for the administration of the Company, for such term and at such remuneration (whether by way of salary or commission or participation in profits or partly in one way and partly in another), and with such powers and duties as the Directors may think fit.

 

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34.2The appointee must consent in writing to holding that office.

 

34.3Any appointment of a Director to an executive office shall terminate if he ceases to be a Director but without prejudice to any claim for damages for breach of any agreement relating to the provision of the services of such Director.

 

34.4Where a chairman is appointed he shall, unless unable to do so, preside at every meeting of Directors.

 

34.5If there is no chairman, or if the chairman is unable to preside at a meeting, that meeting may select its own chairman or the Directors may nominate one of their number to act in place of the chairman should he ever not be available.

 

34.6Subject to the provisions of the Law and Article ‎34.7, the Directors may also appoint any person, who need not be a Director, as Secretary, for such period and on such terms, including as to remuneration, as they think fit.

 

34.7The Secretary must consent in writing to holding that office.

 

34.8A Director, Secretary or other Officer of the Company may not hold office, or perform the services, of auditor.

 

35Register of Directors and Officers

 

The Company shall cause to be kept in one or more books at its office a Register of Directors in which there shall be entered the full names and addresses of the Directors and such other particulars as required by the Law.

 

36Capitalisation of profits

 

Capitalisation of profits or of any stated capital account or capital redemption reserve

 

Subject to the Law and these Articles, the Directors may capitalise any sum standing to the credit of any of the Company’s reserve accounts (including a stated capital account or a capital redemption reserve) or any sum standing to the credit of profit and loss account or otherwise available for distribution and to appropriate such sum to Members in the proportions in which such sum would have been divisible amongst them had the same been a distribution of profits by way of dividend and to apply such sum on their behalf in paying up in full unissued Shares for allotment and distribution credited as fully paid up to and amongst them in the proportion aforesaid. In such event the Directors shall do all acts and things required to give effect to such capitalisation, with full power to the Directors to make such provisions as they think fit for the case of Shares becoming distributable in fractions. The Directors may authorise any person to enter on behalf of all of the Members interested into an agreement with the Company providing for such capitalisation and matters incidental thereto and any agreement made under such authority shall be effective and binding on all concerned.

 

37Notices

 

Form of notices

 

37.1Except as otherwise provided in these Articles, any notice or document may be served by the Company or by the person entitled to give notice to any Member either personally, by facsimile or by sending it through the post in a prepaid letter or via a recognised courier service, fees prepaid, addressed to the Member at his address as appearing in the Register of Members or, to the extent permitted by all applicable laws and regulations, by electronic means by transmitting it to any electronic number or address or website supplied by the Member to the Company or by placing it on the Company’s Website, provided that, (i) with respect to notification via electronic means, the Company has obtained the Member’s prior express positive confirmation in writing to receive or otherwise have made available to him notices in such fashion, and (ii) with respect to posting to Company’s Website, notification of such posting is provided to such Member. In the case of Joint Holders of a Share, all notices shall be given to that one of the Joint Holders whose name stands first in the Register of Members in respect of the joint holding, and notice so given shall be sufficient notice to all the Joint Holders.

 

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37.2An affidavit of the mailing or other means of giving any notice of any general meeting, executed by the Secretary, Assistant Secretary or any transfer agent of the Company giving the notice, shall be prima facie evidence of the giving of such notice.

 

37.3Any Member present, either personally or by proxy, at any meeting of the Company shall for all purposes be deemed to have received due notice of such meeting and, where requisite, of the purposes for which such meeting was convened.

 

Signatures

 

37.4A written notice shall be signed when it is autographed by or on behalf of the giver, or is marked in such a way as to indicate its execution or adoption by the giver.

 

37.5An Electronic Record may be signed by an Electronic Signature.

 

Evidence of transmission

 

37.6A notice given by Electronic Record shall be deemed sent if an Electronic Record is kept demonstrating the time, date and content of the transmission, and if no notification of failure to transmit is received by the giver.

 

37.7A notice given in writing shall be deemed sent if the giver can provide proof that the envelope containing the notice was properly addressed, pre-paid and posted, or that the written notice was otherwise properly transmitted to the recipient.

 

Delivery of notices

 

37.8Any notice or other document, if served by (a) post, shall be deemed to have been served when the letter containing the same is posted, or (b) facsimile, shall be deemed to have been served upon confirmation of successful transmission, or (c) recognised courier service, shall be deemed to have been served when the letter containing the same is delivered to the courier service and in proving such service it shall be sufficient to provide that the letter containing the notice or documents was properly addressed and duly posted or delivered to the courier, or (d) electronic means as provided herein shall be deemed to have been served and delivered on the day on which it is successfully transmitted or at such later time as may be prescribed by any applicable laws or regulations.

 

Giving notice to a deceased or bankrupt Member

 

37.9Any notice or document delivered or sent to any Member in accordance with the terms of these Articles shall notwithstanding that such Member be then dead or bankrupt, and whether or not the Company has notice of his death or bankruptcy, be deemed to have been duly served in respect of any Share registered in the name of such Member as sole or Joint Holder, unless his name shall at the time of the service of the notice or document, have been removed from the Register of Members as the holder of the Share, and such service shall for all purposes be deemed a sufficient service of such notice or document on all persons interested (whether jointly with or as claiming through or under him) in the Share.

 

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Saving provisions

 

37.10A Member present, either in person or by proxy, at any general meeting or at any meeting of the Members holding any class of Shares shall be deemed to have received notice of the meeting and, where requisite, of the purposes for which it was called.

 

37.11Every person who becomes entitled to a Share shall be bound by any notice in respect of that Share which, before his name is entered in the Register of Members, has been duly given to a person from which he derives his title.

 

37.12None of the preceding notice provisions shall derogate from the Articles about the delivery of written resolutions of Directors and written resolutions of Members.

 

38Authentication of Electronic Records

 

Application of Articles

 

38.1Without limitation to any other provision of these Articles, any notice, written resolution or other document under these Articles that is sent by Electronic means by a Member, or by the Secretary, or by a Director or other Officer of the Company, shall be deemed to be authentic if either Article ‎38.2 or Article ‎38.4 applies.

 

Authentication of documents sent by Members by Electronic means

 

38.2An Electronic Record of a notice, written resolution or other document sent by Electronic means by or on behalf of one or more Members shall be deemed to be authentic if the following conditions are satisfied:

 

(a)the Member or each Member, as the case may be, signed the original document, and for this purpose original document includes several documents in like form signed by one or more of those Members;

 

(b)the Electronic Record of the original document was sent by Electronic means by, or at the direction of, that Member to an address specified in accordance with these Articles for the purpose for which it was sent; and

 

(c)Article ‎38.7 does not apply.

 

38.3For example, where a sole Member signs a resolution and sends the Electronic Record of the original resolution, or causes it to be sent, by facsimile transmission to the address in these Articles specified for that purpose, the facsimile copy shall be deemed to be the written resolution of that Member unless Article ‎38.7 applies.

 

Authentication of document sent by the Secretary or Officers by Electronic means

 

38.4An Electronic Record of a notice, written resolution or other document sent by or on behalf of the Secretary or an Officer or Officers of the Company shall be deemed to be authentic if the following conditions are satisfied:

 

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(a)the Secretary or the Officer or each Officer, as the case may be, signed the original document, and for this purpose original document includes several documents in like form signed by the Secretary or one or more of those Officers;

 

(b)the Electronic Record of the original document was sent by Electronic means by, or at the direction of, the Secretary or that Officer to an address specified in accordance with these Articles for the purpose for which it was sent; and

 

(c)Article ‎38.7 does not apply.

 

This Article applies whether the document is sent by or on behalf of the Secretary or Officer in his own right or as a representative of the Company.

 

38.5For example, where a sole Director signs a resolution and scans the resolution, or causes it to be scanned, as a PDF version which is attached to an email sent to the address in these Articles specified for that purpose, the PDF version shall be deemed to be the written resolution of that Director unless Article ‎38.7 applies.

 

Manner of signing

 

38.6For the purposes of these Articles about the authentication of Electronic Records, a document will be taken to be signed if it is signed manually or in any other manner permitted by these Articles.

 

Saving provision

 

38.7A notice, written resolution or other document under these Articles will not be deemed to be authentic if the recipient, acting reasonably:

 

(a)believes that the signature of the signatory has been altered after the signatory had signed the original document;

 

(b)believes that the original document, or the Electronic Record of it, was altered, without the approval of the signatory, after the signatory signed the original document; or

 

(c)otherwise doubts the authenticity of the Electronic Record of the document;

 

and the recipient promptly gives notice to the sender setting the grounds of its objection. If the recipient invokes this Article, the sender may seek to establish the authenticity of the Electronic Record in any way the sender thinks fit.

 

39Information

 

39.1No Member, as such, shall be entitled to require discovery of any information in respect of any detail of the Company’s trading or any information which is or may be in the nature of a trade secret or other confidential or proprietary information related to the conduct of the business of the Company and which in the opinion of the Directors would not be in the interests of the Members of the Company to communicate to the public.

 

39.2The Directors shall be entitled (but not required, except as provided by law) to release or disclose any information in their possession, custody or control regarding the Company or its affairs to any of its Members including, without limitation, information contained in the Register of Members and transfer books of the Company.

 

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40Indemnity

 

Indemnity

 

40.1To the fullest extent permitted by law, the Company shall indemnify every Director and Officer of the Company or any predecessor to the Company (which for the avoidance of doubt, shall not include auditors of the Company), together with every former Director and former Officer of the Company or any predecessor to the Company, and the successors and assigns of each of the foregoing, and may indemnify any person (other than current and former Directors and Officers) (any such Director or Officer, an Indemnified Person), out of the assets of the Company against any liability, action, proceeding, claim, demand, costs, damages or expenses, including legal expenses, whatsoever which they or any of them may incur as a result of any act or failure to act in carrying out their functions in connection with the Company other than such liability (if any) that they may incur by reason of their own actual fraud or wilful default. No Indemnified Person shall be liable to the Company for any loss or damage incurred by the Company as a result (whether direct or indirect) of the carrying out of their functions unless that liability arises through the actual fraud or wilful default of such Indemnified Person. No person shall be found to have committed actual fraud or wilful default under this Article unless or until a court of competent jurisdiction shall have made a finding to that effect. Each Member agrees to waive any claim or right of action he or she might have, whether individually or by or in the right of the Company, against any Indemnified Person on account of any action taken by such Indemnified Person, or the failure of such Indemnified Person to take any action in the performance of his duties with or for the Company; provided that such waiver shall not extend to any matter in respect of any actual fraud or wilful default which may attach to such Indemnified Person.

 

40.2The Company shall advance to each Indemnified Person reasonable attorneys’ fees and other costs and expenses incurred in connection with the defence of any action, suit, proceeding or investigation involving such Indemnified Person for which indemnity will or could be sought. In connection with any advance of any expenses hereunder, the Indemnified Person shall execute an undertaking to repay the advanced amount to the Company if it shall be determined by final judgment or other final adjudication that such Indemnified Person was not entitled to indemnification pursuant to this Article. If it shall be determined by a final judgment or other final adjudication that such Indemnified Person was not entitled to indemnification with respect to such judgment, costs or expenses, then such party shall not be indemnified with respect to such judgment, costs or expenses and any advancement shall be returned to the Company (without interest) by the Indemnified Person.

 

40.3The Directors, on behalf of the Company, may purchase and maintain insurance for the benefit of any Director or other Officer of the Company against any liability which, by virtue of any rule of law, would otherwise attach to such person in respect of any negligence, default, breach of duty or breach of trust of which such person may be guilty in relation to the Company.

 

40.4Neither any amendment nor repeal of these Articles set forth under this heading of Indemnity (the Indemnification Articles), nor the adoption of any provision of these Articles or Memorandum of Association inconsistent with the Indemnification Articles, shall eliminate or reduce the effect of the Indemnification Articles, in respect of any matter occurring, or any action or proceeding accruing or arising or that, but for these Indemnification Articles, would accrue or arise, prior to such amendment, repeal or adoption of an inconsistent provision.

 

41Forum

 

Unless the Company consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Company, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer or other employee of the Company to the Company or the Company’s Members, (iii) any action asserting a claim arising pursuant to any provision of the Law or these Articles (in each case, as they may be amended from time to time) or (iv) any action asserting a claim governed by the internal affairs doctrine shall be the courts of the Island of Jersey.

 

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42Financial Year

 

Unless the Directors otherwise prescribe, the financial year of the Company shall begin on January 1 in each year and shall end on December 31 in such year.

 

43Winding up

 

Distribution of assets in specie

 

43.1If the Company is wound up, the liquidator or the Directors, as the case may be, shall, subject to these Articles and any other sanction required by the Law, apply the assets of the Company in satisfaction of creditors’ claims in such manner and order as such liquidator thinks fit. Subject to the rights attaching to any Shares, in a winding up:

 

(a)if the assets available for distribution amongst the Members shall be insufficient to repay the whole of the Company’s issued share capital, such assets shall be distributed so that, as nearly as may be, the losses shall be borne by the Members in proportion to the number of Shares held by them; or

 

(b)if the assets available for distribution amongst the Members shall be more than sufficient to repay the whole of the Company’s issued share capital at the commencement of the winding up, the surplus shall be distributed amongst the Members in proportion to the number of Shares held by them at the commencement of the winding up subject to a deduction from those Shares in respect of which there are monies due, of all monies payable to the Company.

 

43.2If the Company is wound up, the liquidator or the Directors, as the case may be, subject to the rights attaching to any Shares and with the sanction of a Special Resolution of the Company and any other sanction required by the Law, divide amongst the Members in kind the whole or any part of the assets of the Company (whether such assets shall consist of property of the same kind or not) and may for that purpose value any assets and determine how the division shall be carried out as between the Members or different classes of Members. The liquidator or the Directors, as the case may be, may, with the like sanction, vest the whole or any part of such assets in trustees upon such trusts for the benefit of the Members as the liquidator, with the like sanction, shall think fit, but so that no Member shall be compelled to accept any asset upon which there is a liability.

 

44Shareholders Agreement and related matters

 

Applicability of Article

 

44.1This Article ‎44 shall apply only until the first time at which no Director is an Onex Shareholder Designee or Baring Shareholder Designee (as each such term is defined in Article ‎44.2), and from and after such time, and notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Article ‎44 (including any provision in this Article ‎44 that includes the phrase “notwithstanding any provision of these Articles” or words to similar effect), nothing in this Article ‎44 shall have any force or effect under these Articles regardless of any subsequent change in the composition of the board of Directors; provided that Article ‎44.12 and Article ‎44.13 (together, the Waiver of Owner Opportunities Articles) shall continue to apply until such time as no Director who was an Onex Shareholder Designee or a Baring Shareholder Designee remains on the board of Directors. Neither any termination, amendment or repeal of the Waiver of Owner Opportunities Articles, nor the adoption of any provision of these Articles or Memorandum inconsistent with the Waiver of Owner Opportunities Articles, shall eliminate or reduce the effect of the Waiver of Owner Opportunities Articles in respect of any matter occurring, or any action or proceeding accruing or arising or that, but for the Waiver of Owner Opportunities Articles, would accrue or arise, prior to such termination, amendment, repeal or adoption of an inconsistent provision.

 

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Definitions applicable to this Article 44

 

44.2In this Article ‎44, unless otherwise defined, the defined terms below shall have the meanings assigned to them as follows:

 

Baring Shareholder Designee means an individual elected to the board of Directors that has been nominated by the Baring Shareholders pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement;

 

Baring Shareholders means the Baring Shareholders, as such term is defined in the Shareholders Agreement;

 

Designated Shareholder means the Designated Shareholder, as such term is defined in the Director Nomination Agreement;

 

Designated Shareholder Designee means an individual elected to the board of Directors that has been nominated by the Designated Shareholder pursuant to the relevant Director Nomination Agreement;

 

Director Nomination Agreement means the director nomination agreement entered into by and between the Company and the Designated Shareholder, as amended from time to time;

 

Onex Shareholder Designee means an individual elected to the board of Directors that has been nominated by the Onex Shareholders pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement;

 

Onex Shareholders means the Onex Shareholders, as such term is defined in the Shareholders Agreement;

 

Shareholder Group has the meaning given in the Director Nomination Agreement.

 

Shareholders Agreement means the Amended and Restated Shareholders Agreement entered into by and among the Company, the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders and the other parties thereto, as amended from time to time;

 

Shareholders Agreement and Director Nomination Agreement

 

44.3Notwithstanding any provision of these Articles to the contrary, each of the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders and the Designated Shareholder shall have the respective rights set forth in the Shareholders Agreement or the Director Nomination Agreement, as applicable.

 

Modifications to certain other Articles during applicability of this Article 44

 

44.4The following provisions shall be deemed added at the end of Article ‎14.16(c):

 

Subject to the terms of the Shareholders Agreement and the Director Nomination Agreement, as applicable, the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders and the Designated Shareholder shall have the right (but not the obligation) to nominate at any time the persons to be elected to the board of Directors which the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders or the Designated Shareholder, as applicable, are entitled to nominate to the board of Directors pursuant to the terms of the Shareholders Agreement or the Director Nomination Agreement, as applicable, in accordance with the provisions of these Articles for the election of Directors.

 

44.5The following paragraph shall be deemed added following Article ‎14.16(h):

 

(i)Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders and the Designated Shareholder, as applicable, shall not be required to comply with the advance notice or 15% ownership threshold requirements, as applicable, set forth in Articles ‎14.16(c) and ‎14.16(e) for so long as the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders or the Designated Shareholder, as applicable, are entitled to nominate one or more Directors pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement or the Director Nomination Agreement, as applicable, but shall provide any such notice to the Company at least fourteen (14) days prior to the applicable general meeting.

 

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44.6The following proviso shall be deemed added to the first sentence of Article ‎20.4.

 

; provided that any Director who was nominated for election by the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders or the Designated Shareholder may be removed with or without cause only by the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders or the Designated Shareholder (as applicable) that have/has the right to remove such Director pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement or the Director Nomination Agreement (as applicable).

 

44.7The following proviso shall be deemed added to the first sentence of Article ‎20.5.

 

; provided that if any vacancy was created by the death, resignation or removal of an Onex Shareholder Designee, Baring Shareholder Designee or Designated Shareholder Designee, then such Director shall only be replaced by the Onex Shareholders, Baring Shareholders or Designated Shareholder (as applicable) that has/have the right to replace such Director pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement or Director Nomination Agreement, and the Directors shall, subject to the terms of the Shareholders Agreement and the Director Nomination Agreement, applicable law and the listing rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, cause the vacancy caused by such death, resignation or removal to be filled, as soon as possible, by a new designee of the Onex Shareholders, the Baring Shareholders or the Designated Shareholder (as applicable) pursuant to the rights set forth in Article ‎44.3.

 

44.8The following Article shall be deemed added after Article ‎14.19:

 

14.19.1The Directors will ensure that the Onex Shareholder Designees, the Baring Shareholder Designees and the Designated Shareholder Designees nominated in accordance with Article ‎44.3 are included in the notice of meeting for the next available annual general meeting or any extraordinary general meeting at which Directors are to be elected, noting that a general meeting will only be the next available annual general meeting if the advance notice requirements of these Articles can be complied with.

 

44.9Article ‎14 shall be deemed not to apply to any nomination of a Director pursuant to Article ‎44.10.

 

44.10         The following Articles shall be deemed added after Article ‎20.3:

 

20.3.1The Directors shall, subject to the terms of the Shareholders Agreement and the Director Nomination Agreement, applicable law and the listing rules of the Designated Stock Exchange, ensure that all individuals (i) nominated by the Baring Shareholders to be Baring Shareholder Designees, (ii) nominated by the Onex Shareholders to be Onex Shareholder Designees and (iii) nominated by the Designated Shareholder to be Designated Shareholder Designees are nominated for election as Directors at the next annual general meeting or extraordinary general meeting called for that purpose and they shall be appointed if approved by way of Ordinary Resolution at such general meeting.

 

20.3.2With respect to any Director seat which the Baring Shareholders, Onex Shareholders and the Designated Shareholder are not entitled to nominate an individual for such seat pursuant to the Shareholders Agreement or the Director Nomination Agreement, the Directors shall have the right to nominate an individual for election as a Director at the next annual general meeting or extraordinary general meeting called for that purpose and they shall be appointed if approved by way of Ordinary Resolution at such general meeting.

 

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44.11The following proviso shall be deemed added to the first sentence of Article ‎26.4:

 

; provided, that unless there shall be present a majority of the authorised number of Directors (including, if applicable, any alternate directors), such meeting shall immediately be adjourned without further action unless at least one Onex Shareholder Designee who is an employee of Onex Corporation or its controlled subsidiaries (excluding, for greater certainty, any portfolio company of its sponsored private equity funds) and at least one Baring Shareholder Designee shall have given notice in writing to the Secretary indicating such Onex Shareholder Designee’s or Baring Shareholder Designee’s, as applicable, consent to such meeting’s continuance without the presence of a majority of the authorised number of Directors (including, if applicable, any alternate directors).

 

44.12The following provisions shall be deemed added at the end of Article ‎27.2:

 

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing:

 

(a)the Baring Shareholder Designee, the Onex Shareholder Designees and any Designated Shareholder Designee may hold any position of any kind whatsoever with the Baring Shareholders, the Onex Shareholders or any member of the Shareholder Group (as applicable) and/or any of their respective Affiliates and may maintain any interest of any kind whatsoever, whether directly or indirectly, in the Baring Shareholders, the Onex Shareholders or any member of the Shareholder Group (as applicable) and/or any of their respective Affiliates and/or any Owner Opportunity (as defined below) (such positions and/or interests, as the case may be, hereinafter, together, Owner Interests);

 

(b)no Owner Interests shall disqualify any Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee or Designated Shareholder Designee from the office of Director, nor shall any contract, transaction or arrangement entered into by or on behalf of the Company in respect of which any Owner Interests may subsist, whether directly or indirectly, be or be liable to be avoided, nor shall any Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee or Designated Shareholder Designee be liable to account to the Company for any profit or other gain arising by reason of any Owner Interest and/or any contract, transaction or arrangement entered into by or on behalf of the Company in respect of which any Owner Interest may subsist, whether directly or indirectly;

 

(c)each Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee and Designated Shareholder Designee shall be at liberty to vote in respect of any contract, transaction or arrangement in which any applicable Owner Interest may subsist, whether directly or indirectly; and

 

(d)the Owner Interests shall be deemed to have been disclosed by each Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee and Designated Shareholder Designee upon his or her appointment as a Director of the Company and shall be deemed to be sufficient disclosure of the Owner Interests as required under these Articles. Thereafter, it shall not be necessary for a Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee or Designated Shareholder Designee to give special or particularized notice of any Owner Interests in respect of any transaction which may involve the Company.

 

44.13The following Article shall be deemed added after Article ‎27.2:

 

27.2.1       To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law:

 

(a)the Company renounces and waives:

 

(i)any interest or expectancy in, or in being offered or presented with an opportunity to participate in; or

 

(ii)any right to be informed of:

 

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any business or corporate opportunity that may from time to time be of interest to or known to or be or have been presented to the Baring Shareholders, the Onex Shareholders or any member of the Shareholder Group (as applicable) and/or any of their respective Affiliates and/or any of their officers, directors, agents, stockholders, members, partners and subsidiaries (including specifically, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, each Baring Shareholder Designee, Onex Shareholder Designee and Designated Shareholder Designee (other than the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, the Executive Chairman of the Company (if any) and any other officer or executive officer of the Company)) (each such opportunity, hereinafter, an Owner Opportunity) whether or not such Owner Opportunity is or may be pursued by any Baring Shareholder, any Onex Shareholder or any member of the Shareholder Group (as applicable) and or their respective Affiliates and whether or not such Owner Opportunity may be a business or corporate opportunity the Company might reasonably have pursued or had the ability or desire to pursue if granted the opportunity to do so;

 

(b)no Onex Shareholder Designee, Baring Shareholder Designee or Designated Shareholder Designee (other than the Chief Executive Officer of the Company, the Executive Chairman of the Company (if any) and any other officer or executive officer of the Company) (each of such persons, hereinafter, a Relevant Person) shall:

 

(i)be required or be under any duty (whether fiduciary or otherwise) to present to or make known to the Company any Owner Opportunity or refrain from, whether directly or indirectly, pursuing, participating in the pursuit of, exploiting or acquiring, any Owner Opportunity; or

 

(ii)be liable to the Company for any breach of any fiduciary or other duty, whether as a Director or otherwise, by reason of the fact that such Relevant Person, whether directly or indirectly, acting in good faith, pursues, participates in the pursuit of, exploits or acquires any Owner Opportunity, directs any Owner Opportunity to another person or fails to present any Owner Opportunity, or information regarding any Owner Opportunity, to the Company;

 

unless such Owner Opportunity is, or has been, expressly offered in writing to the Relevant Person solely in their capacity as Director;

 

(c)none of the Baring Shareholders, the Onex Shareholders or any member of the Shareholder Group nor any of their respective Affiliates has any duty to refrain from engaging or investing directly or indirectly in the same or similar business activities or lines of business as the Company or any of its subsidiaries.

 

 

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