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Section 1: 10-Q (FORM 10-Q)

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended                        June 30, 2020                       

 

OR

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT

 

For the transition period from ____________ to _______________

 

Commission File Number:                        0-16540                       

 

UNITED BANCORP, INC.

 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Ohio   34-1405357
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  (IRS Employer Identification No.)

 

201 South Fourth Street, Martins Ferry, Ohio 43935-0010

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(740) 633-0445

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

N/A

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class Trading Symbol(s)

Name of each exchange on which

registered

Common Stock, Par Value $1.00 UBCP NASDQ Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

Yes x       No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  x  Yes  ¨  No

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “accelerated filer”, “large accelerated filer,” “small reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer ¨         Accelerated filer ¨         Non-accelerated filer x         Smaller Reporting Company x

Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)

 

Yes ¨         No x

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date: As of August 7, 2020, 5,966,351 shares of the Company’s common stock, $1.00 par value, were issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
       
  Item 1 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets 3
       
    Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income 4
       
    Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income 5
       
    Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity 6
       
    Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows 8
       
    Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 10
       
  Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 45
       
  Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 53
       
  Item 4 Controls and Procedures 54
       
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
       
  Item 1 Legal Proceedings 55
       
  Item 1A Risk Factors 55
       
  Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 55
       
  Item 3 Defaults Upon Senior Securities 55
       
  Item 4 Other Information 56
       
  Item 5 Exhibits 56
       
SIGNATURES 57

 

 

 

ITEM 1. Financial Statements

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In thousands, except share data)

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
  2020   2019 
   (Unaudited)     
Assets          
Cash and due from banks  $7,785   $5,697 
Interest-bearing demand deposits   13,862    9,288 
Cash and cash equivalents   21,647    14,985 
Available-for-sale securities   191,520    188,785 
Loans, net of allowance for loan losses of $4,015 and $2,231 at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively   441,886    439,317 
Premises and equipment   13,671    12,402 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   4,432    4,012 
Foreclosed assets held for sale, net   719    819 
Core deposit and other intangible assets   1,467    1,542 
Accrued interest receivable   4,247    2,697 
Bank-owned life insurance   17,442    17,196 
Other assets   4,297    3,951 
Total assets  $701,328   $685,706 
           
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity          
Liabilities          
Deposits          
Demand  $384,379   $334,380 
Savings   116,559    108,217 
Time   92,789    105,472 
Total deposits   593,727    548,069 
Securities sold under repurchase agreements   9,494    6,915 
Federal Home Loan Bank advances   ---    39,800 
Deferred federal income tax   2,233    1,736 
Subordinated debentures   23,574    23,543 
Interest payable and other liabilities   6,315    5,721 
Total liabilities   635,343    625,784 
           
Stockholders’ Equity          
Preferred stock, no par value, authorized 2,000,000 shares; no shares issued   ––    –– 
Common stock, $1 par value; authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued 5,966,351 shares June 20, 2020 and December 31, 2019 – 5,959,351 shares; outstanding  2020 – 5,723,952; 2019 - 5,740,817   5,966    5,959 
Additional paid-in capital   22,845    22,871 
Retained earnings   29,479    27,905 
Stock held by deferred compensation plan; 2020 –162,806 shares, 2019 – 176,134 shares   (1,567)   (1,659)
Unearned ESOP compensation   (84)   (228)
Accumulated other comprehensive income   10,334    5,536 
Treasury stock, at cost 2020 –79,593 shares, 2019 – 42,400 shares   (988)   (462)
Total stockholders’ equity   65,985    59,922 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity  $701,328   $685,706 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(In thousands, except per share data)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,   June 30, 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Interest and dividend income                    
Loans, including fees  $5,425   $5,399   $11,267   $10,634 
Taxable securities   193    197    416    402 
Non-taxable securities   1,299    849    2,496    1,573 
Federal funds sold   4    146    33    231 
Dividends on Federal Home Loan Bank stock and other   28    57    56    123 
Total interest and dividend income   6,949    6,648    14,268    12,963 
Interest expense                    
Deposits                    
Demand   523    594    1,128    1,165 
Savings   7    52    23    98 
Time   449    579    949    1,088 
Borrowings   448    244    1,012    325 
Total interest expense   1,427    1,469    3,112    2,676 
Net interest income   5,522    5,179    11,156    10,287 
Provision for loan losses   1,408    120    1,971    210 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses   4,114    5,059    9,185    10,077 
                     
Noninterest income                    
Service charges on deposit accounts   671    694    1,330    1,407 
Realized gains on sales of available-for-sale securities   1,181    ---    1,250    --- 
Realized gains on sales of loans   40    9    46    13 
Other income   264    244    574    472 
Total noninterest income   2,156    947    3,200    1,892 
                     
Noninterest expense                    
Salaries and employee benefits   2,296    2,154    4,642    4,337 
Net occupancy and equipment expense   609    567    1,215    1,117 
Professional services   371    307    648    610 
Insurance   112    111    230    222 
Deposit insurance premiums   46    60    90    112 
Franchise and other taxes   125    109    247    214 
Advertising   143    138    218    275 
Stationery and office supplies   26    28    52    70 
Amortization of core deposit premium   38    37    75    75 
Other expenses   813    661    1,572    1,302 
Total noninterest expense   4,579    4,172    8,989    8,334 
Income before federal income taxes   1,691    1,834    3,396    3,635 
                     
Federal income taxes   16    188    142    375 
Net income  $1,675   $1,646   $3,254   $3,260 
                     
EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE                    
Basic  $0.29   $0.29   $0.57   $0.57 
Diluted  $0.29   $0.29   $0.57   $0.57 
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE  $0.1425   $0.135   $0.285   $0.2675 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

 (In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

   Three months ended   Six months ended 
   June 30,   June 30, 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
Net income  $1,675   $1,646   $3,254   $3,260 
                     
Reclassification adjustment for realized gains on available-for-sale securities included in net income, net of taxes $248 and $263   (933)   ---    (987)   --- 
Unrealized holding gains (losses) on securities during the period, net of tax of $816, $623, $1,538 and $1,280 for each respective period   3,070    2,345    5,785    4,815 
                     
Comprehensive income  $3,812   $3,991   $8,052   $8,075 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
(In thousands except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 

   Three Months Ended 
       Additional   Treasury Stock and   Shares Acquired       Accumulated Other     
   Common   Paid-in   Deferred   By   Retained   Comprehensive     
   Stock   Capital   Compensation   ESOP   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Total 
Balance, April 1, 2019  $5,927   $22,826   $(2,245)  $(335)  $25,153   $2,460   $53,786 
                                    
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    1,646    ––    1,646 
Other comprehensive income   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    2,345    2,345 
Cash dividends - $0.135 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (797)   ––    (797)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    (379)   379    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Repurchase of common stock   ––    ––    (149)   ––    ––    ––    (149)
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    82    ––    ––    ––    ––    82 
Restricted stock activity   12    (12)   ---    ––    ––    ––    --- 
Amortization of  ESOP   ––    ––    ––    67    ––    ––    67 
Balance, June 30, 2019   5,939    22,517    (2,015)   (268)   26,002    4,805    56,980 
                                    
Balance April 1, 2020   5,969    22,797    (2,510)   (149)   28,644    8,197    62,948 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    1,675    ––    1,675 
Other comprehensive income   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    2,137    2,137 
Cash dividends - $0.1425 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (840)   ––    (840)
Shares purchased for deferred compensation plan   ––    45    (45)   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Restricted stock activity   (3)   3    ––    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Amortization of ESOP   ––    ––    ––    65    ––    ––    65 
Balance, June 30, 2020  $5,966   $22,845   $(2,555)  $(84)  $29,479   $10,334   $65,985 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity
Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 and 2019
(In thousands except per share data)
(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended 
       Additional   Treasury Stock and   Shares Acquired       Accumulated Other     
   Common   Paid-in   Deferred   By   Retained   Comprehensive     
   Stock   Capital   Compensation   ESOP   Earnings   Income (Loss)   Total 
Balance, January 1, 2019   5,927    22,556    (1,747)   (404)   24,321    (10)   50,643 
                                    
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    3,260    ––    3,260 
Other comprehensive loss   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    4,815    4,815 
Cash dividends - $0.2675 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (1,579)   ––    (1,579)
Shares purchased for deferred compensation plan   ––    (148)   148    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Repurchase of common stock   ––    ---    (416)   ––    ––    ––    (416)
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    121    ––    ––    ––    ––    121 
Restricted stock activity   12    (12)   ––    ––    ––    ––    --- 
Amortization of ESOP   ––    ---    ––    136    ––    ––    136 
Balance, June 30, 2019   5,939    22,517    (2,015)   (268)   26,002    4,805    56,980 
                                    
Balance January 1, 2020   5,959    22,871    (2,121)   (228)   27,905    5,536    59,922 
Net income   ––    ––    ––    ––    3,254    ––    3,254 
Other comprehensive income   ––    ––    ––    ––    ––    4,798    4,798 
Cash dividends - $0.285 per share   ––    ––    ––    ––    (1,680)   ––    (1,680)
Shares sold for deferred compensation plan   ––    (92)   92    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Repurchase of common stock   ––    ––    (526)   ––    ––    ––    (526)
Expense related to share-based compensation plans   ––    73    ––    ––    ––    ––    73 
Restricted stock activity   7    (7)   ––    ––    ––    ––    –– 
Amortization of ESOP        ––    ––    144    ––    ––    144 
Balance, June 30, 2020  $5,966   $22,845   $(2,555)  $(84)  $29,479   $10,334   $65,985 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 

   Six months ended 
   June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Operating Activities          
Net income  $3,254   $3,260 
Items not requiring (providing) cash          
Accretion of premiums and discounts on securities, net   218    142 
Amortization of intangible asset   75    75 
Depreciation and amortization   557    512 
Expense related to share based compensation plans   73    121 
Expense related to ESOP   143    136 
Provision for loan losses   1,971    210 
Increase in value of bank-owned life insurance   (246)   93 
Gain on sale of loans   (46)   (13)
Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale   2,357    794 
Originations of loans held for sale   (2,311)   (781)
(Gain) loss on sale or write down of foreclosed assets   (2)   5 
Gain on sale of available-for-sale securities   (1,250)   --- 
Deferred income taxes   ---    (206)
Amortization of debt instrument costs   30      
Net change in accrued interest receivable and other assets   (1,942)   (1,604)
Net change in accrued expenses and other liabilities   (185)   1,910 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities   2,696    4,654 
           
Investing Activities          
Securities available for sale:          
Maturities, prepayments and calls   6,178    6,250 
Purchases   (21,351)   (32,174)
Proceeds from sale of available-for-sale securities   19,544    --- 
Net change in loans   (4,492)   (15,877)
(Purchase) redemption of Federal Home Loan Bank Stock   (420)   230 
Purchases of premises and equipment   (1,847)   (836)
Proceeds from sale of foreclosed and fixed assets   123    86 
           
Net cash used in investing activities   (2,265)   (42,321)

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (continued)
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)

 

   Six months ended 
   June 30, 
   2020   2019 
Financing Activities          
Net change in deposits  $45,658   $20,804 
Net change in securities sold under repurchase agreements   2,579    (394)
Net change in FHLB overnight borrowings   (39,800)   --- 
Proceeds from issuance of subordinated debentures, net of origination fees   ---    19,396 
Repayments of long-term borrowings   ---    (105)
Repurchase of common stock   (526)   (416)
Cash dividends paid on common stock   (1,680)   (1,579)
           
Net cash provided by financing activities   6,231    37,706 
           
Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents   6.662    39 
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period   14,985    25,253 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period  $21,647   $25,292 
           
Supplemental Cash Flows Information          
Interest paid on deposits and borrowings  $1,990   $3,691 
           
Purchases of available-for-sale securities not settled  $---   $7,187 
           
Supplemental Disclosure of Non-Cash Investing and Financing Activities          
Transfers from loans to foreclosed assets held for sale  $---   $30 

 

See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1:Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

These interim financial statements are prepared without audit and reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present fairly the financial position of United Bancorp, Inc. (“Company”) at June 30, 2020, and its results of operations and cash flows for the interim periods presented. All such adjustments are normal and recurring in nature. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and, therefore, do not purport to contain all the necessary financial disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America that might otherwise be necessary in the circumstances and should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes for the year ended December 31, 2019 included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K. Reference is made to the accounting policies of the Company described in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in its Annual Report on Form 10-K. The results of operations for the three months and six months ended June 30, 2020, are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The condensed consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of December 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of that date.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of United Bancorp, Inc. (“United” or “the Company”) and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Unified Bank of Martins Ferry, Ohio (“the Bank”). All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Nature of Operations

 

The Company’s revenues, operating income and assets are almost exclusively derived from banking. Accordingly, all of the Company’s banking operations are considered by management to be aggregated in one reportable operating segment. Customers are mainly located in Athens, Belmont, Carroll, Fairfield, Harrison, Jefferson and Tuscarawas Counties and the surrounding localities in northeastern, east-central and southeastern Ohio and include a wide range of individuals, businesses and other organizations. Unified Bank conducts its business through its main office in Martins Ferry, Ohio and branches in Amesville, Bridgeport, Colerain, Dellroy, Dillonvale, Dover, Glouster, Jewett, Lancaster Downtown, Lancaster East, Nelsonville, New Philadelphia, Powhatan, St. Clairsville East, St. Clairsville West, Sherrodsville, Strasburg and Tiltonsville, Ohio. The Bank also operates a Loan Production Office in Wheeling, West Virginia.

 

The Company’s primary deposit products are checking, savings, and term certificate accounts, and its primary lending products are residential mortgage, commercial, and installment loans. Substantially all loans are secured by specific items of collateral including business assets, consumer assets and real estate and are not considered “sub prime” type loans. The targeted lending areas of our Bank operations encompass four separate metropolitan areas, minimizing the risk to changes in economic conditions in the communities housing the Company’s branch locations.

 

Commercial loans are expected to be repaid from cash flow from operations of businesses. Real estate loans are secured by both residential and commercial real estate. Net interest income is affected by the relative amount of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and the interest received or paid on these balances. The level of interest rates paid or received by the Company can be significantly influenced by a number of environmental factors, such as governmental monetary and fiscal policies, that are outside of management’s control.

 

10 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers ("ASC 606"), establishes principles for reporting information about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from the entity's contracts to provide goods or services to customers. The core principle requires an entity to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that it expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for those goods or services recognized as performance obligations are satisfied. 

 

The majority of our revenue-generating transactions are not subject to ASC 606, including revenue generated from financial instruments, such as our loans, investment securities, as well as revenue related to our mortgage banking activities, as these activities are subject to other GAAP discussed elsewhere within our disclosures.

 

Descriptions of our revenue-generating activities that are within the scope of ASC 606, which are presented in our income statements as components of non-interest income are as follows:

 

Service charges on deposit accounts - these represent general service fees for monthly account maintenance and activity- or transaction-based fees and consist of transaction-based revenue, time-based revenue (service period), item-based revenue or some other individual attribute-based revenue. Revenue is recognized when our performance obligation is completed which is generally monthly for account maintenance services or when a transaction has been completed (such as a wire transfer). Payment for such performance obligations are generally received at the time the performance obligations are satisfied.

 

Use of Estimates

 

To prepare financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management makes estimates and assumptions based on available information. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the disclosures provided and future results could differ. The allowance for loan losses and fair values of financial instruments are particularly subject to change.

 

Loans

 

Loans that management has the intent and ability to hold for the foreseeable future or until maturity or payoffs are reported at their outstanding principal balances adjusted for unearned income, charge-offs, the allowance for loan losses, any unamortized deferred fees or costs on originated loans and unamortized premiums or discounts on purchased loans.

 

For loans amortized at cost, interest income is accrued based on the unpaid principal balance. Loan origination fees, net of certain direct origination costs, as well as premiums and discounts, are deferred and amortized as a level yield adjustment over the respective term of the loan.

 

For all loan classes, the accrual of interest is discontinued at the time the loan is 90 days past due unless the credit is well-secured and in process of collection. Past due status is based on contractual terms of the loan. For all loan classes, the entire balance of the loan is considered past due if the minimum payment contractually required to be paid is not received by the contractual due date. For all loan classes, loans are placed on nonaccrual or charged off at an earlier date if collection of principal or interest is considered doubtful.

 

11 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Management’s general practice is to proactively charge down loans individually evaluated for impairment to the fair value of the underlying collateral. Consistent with regulatory guidance, charge-offs on all loan segments are taken when specific loans, or portions thereof, are considered uncollectible. The Company’s policy is to promptly charge these loans off in the period the uncollectible loss is reasonably determined.

 

For all loan portfolio segments except residential and consumer loans, the Company promptly charges-off loans, or portions thereof, when available information confirms that specific loans are uncollectible based on information that includes, but is not limited to, (1) the deteriorating financial condition of the borrower, (2) declining collateral values, and/or (3) legal action, including bankruptcy, that impairs the borrower’s ability to adequately meet its obligations. For impaired loans that are considered to be solely collateral dependent, a partial charge-off is recorded when a loss has been confirmed by an updated appraisal or other appropriate valuation of the collateral.

 

The Company charges-off residential and consumer loans when the Company reasonably determines the amount of the loss. The Company adheres to timeframes established by applicable regulatory guidance which provides for the charge-down of 1-4 family first and junior lien mortgages to the net realizable value, less costs to sell, when the loan is 120 days past due; charge-off of unsecured open-end loans when the loan is 120 days past due; and charge down to the net realizable value when other secured loans are 120 days past due. Loans at these respective delinquency thresholds for which the Company can clearly document that the loan is both well-secured and in the process of collection, such that collection will occur regardless of delinquency status, need not be charged off.

 

For all classes, all interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on nonaccrual or charged off are reversed against interest income. The interest on these loans is accounted for on the cash-basis or cost-recovery method, until qualifying for return to accrual. Loans are returned to accrual status when all the principal and interest amounts contractually due are brought current and future payments are reasonably assured. Nonaccrual loans are returned to accrual status when, in the opinion of management, the financial position of the borrower indicates there is no longer any reasonable doubt as to the timely collection of interest or principal. The Company requires a period of satisfactory performance of not less than six months before returning a nonaccrual loan to accrual status.

 

When cash payments are received on impaired loans in each loan class, the Company records the payment as interest income unless collection of the remaining recorded principal amount is doubtful, at which time payments are used to reduce the principal balance of the loan. Troubled debt restructured loans recognize interest income on an accrual basis at the renegotiated rate if the loan is in compliance with the modified terms, no principal reduction has been granted and the loan has demonstrated the ability to perform in accordance with the renegotiated terms for a period of at least six months.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses

 

The allowance for loan losses is established as losses are estimated to have occurred through a provision for loan losses charged to income. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectability of a loan balance is confirmed. Subsequent recoveries, if any, are credited to the allowance.

 

The allowance for loan losses is evaluated on a regular basis by management and is based upon management’s periodic review of the collectability of the loans in light of historical experience, the nature and volume of the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect the borrower’s ability to repay, estimated value of any underlying collateral and prevailing economic conditions. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are susceptible to significant revision as more information becomes available.

 

12 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The allowance consists of allocated and general components. The allocated component relates to loans that are classified as impaired. For those loans that are classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows (or collateral value or observable market price) of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of that loan. The general component covers non-impaired loans and is based on historical charge-off experience by segment. The historical loss experience is determined by portfolio segment and is based on the actual loss history experienced by the Company over the prior five years. Management believes the five year historical loss experience methodology is appropriate in the current economic environment. Other adjustments (qualitative/environmental considerations) for each segment may be added to the allowance for each loan segment after an assessment of internal or external influences on credit quality that are not fully reflected in the historical loss or risk rating data.

 

13 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect the scheduled payments of principal or interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due based on the loan’s current payment status and the borrower’s financial condition including available sources of cash flows. Loans that experience insignificant payment delays and payment shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired. Management determines the significance of payment delays and payment shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed. Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for non-homogenous type loans such as commercial, non-owner residential and construction loans by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s obtainable market price or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. For impaired loans where the Company utilizes the discounted cash flows to determine the level of impairment, the Company includes the entire change in the present value of cash flows as bad debt expense.

 

The fair values of collateral dependent impaired loans are based on independent appraisals of the collateral. In general, the Company acquires an updated appraisal upon identification of impairment and annually thereafter for commercial, commercial real estate and multi-family loans. If the most recent appraisal is over a year old, and a new appraisal is not performed, due to lack of comparable values or other reasons, the existing appraisal is utilized and discounted generally 10% - 35% based on the age of the appraisal, condition of the subject property, and overall economic conditions. After determining the collateral value as described, the fair value is calculated based on the determined collateral value less selling expenses. The potential for outdated appraisal values is considered in our determination of the allowance for loan losses through our analysis of various trends and conditions including the local economy, trends in charge-offs and delinquencies, etc. and the related qualitative adjustments assigned by the Company.

 

Segments of loans with similar risk characteristics are collectively evaluated for impairment based on the segment’s historical loss experience adjusted for changes in trends, conditions and other relevant factors that affect repayment of the loans. Accordingly, the Company does not separately identify individual consumer and residential loans for impairment measurements, unless such loans are the subject of a restructuring agreement due to financial difficulties of the borrower.

 

In the course of working with borrowers, the Company may choose to restructure the contractual terms of certain loans. In this scenario, the Company attempts to work-out an alternative payment schedule with the borrower in order to optimize collectability of the loan. Any loans that are modified are reviewed by the Company to identify if a troubled debt restructuring (“TDR”) has occurred, which is when, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrower’s financial difficulties, the Company grants a concession to the borrower that it would not otherwise consider. Terms may be modified to fit the ability of the borrower to repay in line with its current financial status and the restructuring of the loan may include the transfer of assets from the borrower to satisfy the debt, a modification of loan terms, or a combination of the two. If such efforts by the Company do not result in a satisfactory arrangement, the loan is referred to legal counsel, at which time foreclosure proceedings are initiated. At any time prior to a sale of the property at foreclosure, the Company may terminate foreclosure proceedings if the borrower is able to work-out a satisfactory payment plan.

 

It is the Company’s policy to have any restructured loans which are on nonaccrual status prior to being restructured remain on nonaccrual status until six months of satisfactory borrower performance at which time management would consider its return to accrual status. If a loan was accruing at the time of restructuring, the Company reviews the loan to determine if it is appropriate to continue the accrual of interest on the restructured loan.

 

14 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

With regard to determination of the amount of the allowance for credit losses, trouble debt restructured loans are considered to be impaired. As a result, the determination of the amount of impaired loans for each portfolio segment within troubled debt restructurings is the same as detailed previously.

 

Earnings Per Share

 

Basic earnings per share represents income available to common stockholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted earnings per share reflects additional potential common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued, as well as any adjustment to income that would result from the assumed issuance. Potential common shares that may be issued by the Company relate to outstanding stock options and restricted stock awards and are determined using the treasury stock method.

 

Treasury stock shares, deferred compensation shares and unearned ESOP shares are not deemed outstanding for earnings per share calculations.

 

Earnings per share (EPS) were computed as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 
    Net Income       Weighted-Average
Shares
      Per Share Amount 
    (In thousands)                 
Net income  $1,675                 
                      
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock   (35 )               
                      
Less allocated dividends on non-vested restricted stock   (34 )               
                      
Net income allocated to common stockholders   1,606                 
            5,466,035         
Basic and diluted earnings per share                 $   0.29 

 

15 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 
    Net Income       Weighted-Average
Shares
      Per Share Amount 
    (In thousands)                 
Net income  $1,646                 
                      
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock   (29 )               
                      
Less dividends on non-vested restricted stock   (26 )               
                      
Net income allocated to common stockholders   1,591                 
            5,520,259         
Basic and diluted earnings per share                 $   0.29 

 

    Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 
    Net Income     Weighted-Average
Shares
    Per Share Amount 
    (In thousands)                 
Net income  $3,254                 
                      
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock   (67 )               
                      
Less allocated dividends on non-vested restricted stock   (69 )               
                      
Net income allocated to common stockholders   3,118                 
            5,464,899         
Basic and diluted earnings per share                 $   0.57 

 

16 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 
  

Net

Income

   Weighted-
Average
Shares
   Per Share
Amount
 
   (In thousands)         
Net income$ 3,260           
                
Less allocated earnings on non-vested restricted stock   (57)          
Less dividends on non-vested restricted stock   (49)          
Net income allocated to common stockholders   3,154           
         5,517,852      
Basic and diluted earnings per share            $0.57 

 

Income Taxes

 

The Company is subject to income taxes in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, as well as various state jurisdictions. Tax regulations within each jurisdiction are subject to the interpretation of the related tax laws and regulations and require significant judgment to apply. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local income tax examinations by tax authorities for the years before 2016.

 

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

On February 25, 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 “Leases (Topic 842).” ASU 2016-02 is intended to improve financial reporting about leasing transactions. This ASU affects all companies and other organization that lease assets such as real estate, airplanes, and manufacturing equipment.

 

Under the current accounting model, an organization applies a classification test to determine the accounting for the lease arrangement:

 

(a)Some leases are classified as capital where by the lessee would recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet.
   
(b)Other leases are classified as operating leases whereby the lessee would not recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet.

 

Under the new guidance, a lessee will be required to recognize assets and liabilities for all leases with lease terms of more than 12 months. Consistent with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee primarily will depend on its classification as a finance or operating lease.

 

17 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

However, unlike current GAAP—which requires only capital leases to be recognized on the balance sheet—the new ASU will require both types of leases to be recognized on the balance sheet. Right of use assets represents the Company’s right to use the underlying assets for their lease terms and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments.

 

The Company adopted ASU 2016-02 January 1, 2019. The right of use asset and lease obligation recorded as of March 31, 2019 was approximately $126,000 and is reflected in other assets and interest payable and other liabilities, respectively on the balance sheet. The modified retrospective method was applied. Due to the immateriality of the impact, certain disclosures under ASU 842 have been omitted.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326) - Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The provisions of ASU 2016-13 were issued to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments that are not accounted for at fair value through net income, including loans held for investment, held-to-maturity debt securities, trade and other receivables, net investment in leases and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date. ASU 2016-13 requires that financial assets measured at amortized cost be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, through an allowance for credit losses that is deducted from the amortized cost basis. The amendments in ASU 2016-13 eliminate the probable incurred loss recognition in current GAAP and reflect an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. The measurement of expected credit losses is based upon historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the financial assets. 

 

For purchased financial assets with a more-than-insignificant amount of credit deterioration since origination (“PCD assets”) that are measured at amortized cost, the initial allowance for credit losses is added to the purchase price rather than being reported as a credit loss expense. Subsequent changes in the allowance for credit losses on PCD assets are recognized through the statement of income as a credit loss expense. 

 

Credit losses relating to available-for-sale debt securities will be recorded through an allowance for credit losses rather than as a direct write-down to the security. 

 

On October 16, 2019, FASB approved a final ASU delaying the effective date of ASU 2016-13 for small reporting companies to interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of these amendments to the Company’s financial position and results of operations and currently does not know or cannot reasonably quantify the impact of the adoption of the amendments as a result of the complexity and extensive changes from the amendments. The Allowance for Loan Losses (ALL) estimate is material to the Company and given the change from an incurred loss model to a methodology that considers the credit loss over the life of the loan, there is the potential for an increase in the ALL at adoption date. The Company is anticipating a significant change in the processes and procedures to calculate the ALL, including changes in assumptions and estimates to consider expected credit losses over the life of the loan versus the current accounting practice that utilizes the incurred loss model. In addition, the current accounting policy and procedures for the other-than-temporary impairment on available-for-sale securities will be replaced with an allowance approach. The Company continues to run projections and review segmentation to ensure it is fully compliant with the amendments at adoption date. Additional work will be needed once additional guidance or clarification in the standard is given during the delay. For additional information on the allowance for loan losses, see Note 3.

 

18 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 2: Securities

 

The amortized cost and approximate fair values, together with gross unrealized gains and losses of securities are as follows:

 

   Amortized Cost   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value 
   (In thousands) 
Available-for-sale Securities:                    
June 30, 2020:                                  
U.S. government agencies  $32,000   $157   $              ---   $32,157 
                     
Subordinated notes   4,500    ---    (7)   4,493 
State and municipal obligations   140,558   $14,312    ---    154,870 
Total debt securities  $177,058   $14,469   $(7)  $191,520 

 

   Amortized Cost   Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value 
   (In thousands) 
Available-for-sale Securities:                    
December 31, 2019:                                             
U.S. government agencies  $40,000   $––   $(472)  $39,528 
                     
Subordinated notes   4,500    36    (4)   4,532 
State and municipal obligations   135,897   $8,993    (165)   144,725 
Total debt securities  $180,397   $9,029   $(641)  $188,785 

 

   Available-for-sale 
   Amortized
Cost
   Fair
Value
 
   (In thousands) 
Within one year  $---   $--- 
One to five years   ---    --- 
Five to ten year   36,500    36,650 
Due after ten years   140,558    154,870 
           
Totals  $177,058   $191,520 

 

The carrying value of securities pledged to secure public deposits and for other purpose, was $45.0 million and $46.8 million at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.

 

19 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Certain investments in debt securities are reported in the financial statements at an amount less than their historical cost. The total fair value of these investments at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, was $1.9 million and $50.3 million, which represented approximately 1% and 27%, respectively, of the Company’s available-for-sale investment portfolio.

 

Based on evaluation of available evidence, including recent changes in market interest rates, credit rating information and information obtained from regulatory filings, management believes the declines in fair value for these securities are temporary.

 

Should the impairment of any of these securities become other-than-temporary, the cost basis of the investment will be reduced and the resulting loss recognized in net income in the period the other-than-temporary impairment is identified.

 

The following tables show the Company’s investments’ gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

June 30, 2020 
   Less than 12 Months   12 Months or More   Total 
Description of
Securities
  Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
(In thousands)
US government agencies  $---   $---   $---   $---   $---   $---
Subordinated notes   1,951   $          (7)  $          ---   $          ---   $1,951   $          (7)
State and municipal obligations  $---   $---   $––   $––   $---   $---
Total temporarily impaired securities  $1,951   $(7)  $---   $---   $1,951   $(7)

 

20 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

December 31, 2019 
   Less than 12 Months   12 Months or More   Total 
Description of
Securities
  Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
   Fair Value   Unrealized
Losses
 
(In thousands)
US government agencies  $39,528   $(472)  $         ---   $         ---   $39,528   $(472)
Subordinated notes   996   $(4)  $---   $---   $996   $(4)
State and municipal obligations  $9,831   $(165)  $––   $––   $9,831   $(165)
Total temporarily impaired securities  $50,355   $(641)  $---   $---   $50,355   $(641)

 

The unrealized losses on the Company’s investments in Subordinated notes were caused primarily by interest rate changes. The contractual terms of those investments do not permit the issuer to settle the securities at a price less than the amortized cost bases of the investments. Because the Company does not intend to sell the investments and it is not more likely than not the Company will be required to sell the investments before recovery of their amortized cost bases, which may be maturity, the Company does not consider those investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019

 

During the six months ended June 31, 2020 the Company sold $18.5 million of State and Municipal securities for a total gain of approximately $1,181,000 and the Company also sold $8.0 million of US Government Agency bonds for a total gain of approximately $69,000. There were no sales of investment securities for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019.

 

21 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Note 3: Loans and Allowance for Loan Losses

 

Categories of loans include:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial loans  $104,653   $99,995 
Commercial real estate   248,541    254,651 
Residential real estate   83,646    77,205 
Installment loans   9,061    9,697 
           
Total gross loans   445,901    441,548 
           
Less allowance for loan losses   (4,015)   (2,231)
           
Total loans  $441,886   $439,317 

 

The risk characteristics of each loan portfolio segment are as follows:

 

Commercial

 

Commercial loans are primarily based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets, such as accounts receivable or inventory, and may include a personal guarantee. Short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.

 

Commercial Real Estate

 

Commercial real estate loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts and the repayment of these loans is generally dependent on the successful operation of the property securing the loan or the business conducted on the property securing the loan. Commercial real estate loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate markets or in the general economy. The characteristics of properties securing the Company’s commercial real estate portfolio are diverse, but with geographic location almost entirely in the Company’s market area. Management monitors and evaluates commercial real estate loans based on collateral, geography and risk grade criteria. In general, the Company avoids financing single purpose projects unless other underwriting factors are present to help mitigate risk. In addition, management tracks the level of owner-occupied commercial real estate versus nonowner-occupied loans.

 

22 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Residential and Installment

 

Residential and installment loans consist of two segments - residential mortgage loans and personal loans. For residential mortgage loans that are secured by 1-4 family residences and are generally owner-occupied, the Company generally establishes a maximum loan-to-value ratio and requires private mortgage insurance if that ratio is exceeded. Home equity loans are typically secured by a subordinate interest in 1-4 family residences, and consumer personal loans are secured by consumer personal assets, such as automobiles or recreational vehicles. Some installment personal loans are unsecured, such as small installment loans and certain lines of credit. Repayment of these loans is primarily dependent on the personal income of the borrowers, which can be impacted by economic conditions in their market areas, such as unemployment levels. Repayment can also be impacted by changes in property values on residential properties. Risk is mitigated by the fact that the loans are of smaller individual amounts and spread over a large number of borrowers.

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Recorded Investment in Loans

As of and for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2020

 

   Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Total 
Allowance for loan losses:                         
Balance, April 1, 2020  $1,055   $781   $567   $305   $2,708 
Provision charged to expense   1,279    67    38    24    1,408 
Losses charged off   ---    (97)   (6)   (29)   (132)
Recoveries   10    ---    1    20    31 
Balance, June 30, 2020  $2,344   $751   $600   $320   $4,015 
Balance, January 1, 2020  $568   $792   $572   $299   $2,231 
Provision charged to expense   1,808    86    39    38    1,971 
Losses charged off   (42)   (127)   (12)   (60)   (241)
Recoveries   10    ---    1    43    54 
Balance, June 30, 2020  $2,344   $751   $600   $320   $4,015 
                          
Allocation:                         
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $7   $---   $---   $---   $7 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $2,337   $751   $600   $320   $4,008 
Loans:                         
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $82   $587   $493   $139   $1,301 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $104,571   $247,954   $83,153   $8,922   $444,600 

 

23 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Allowance for Loan Losses and Recorded Investment in Loans

As of and for the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2019

 

   Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Total 
Allowance for loan losses:                         
Balance, April 1, 2019  $393   $622   $727   $341   $2,083 
Provision charged to expense   (131)   177    51    23    120 
Losses charged off   ---    ---    (40)   (41)   (81)
Recoveries   ---    ---    9    11    20 
Balance, June 30, 2019  $262   $799   $747   $334   $2,142 
Balance, January 1, 2019  $389   $672   $519   $463   $2,043 
Provision charged to expense   (110)   127    258    (65)   210 
Losses charged off   (18)   ––    (40)   (82)   (140)
Recoveries   1    ---    10    18    29 
Balance, June 30, 2019  $262   $799   $747   $334   $2,142 
                          
Allocation:                         
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $28   $80   $69   $---   $177 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $234   $719   $678   $334   $1,965 
Loans:                         
Ending balance:  individually evaluated for impairment  $1,349   $774   $431   $---   $2,554 
Ending balance:  collectively evaluated for impairment  $101,828   $234,831   $75,814   $10,406   $422,879 

 

 

24 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The following tables show the portfolio quality indicators.

 

   June 30, 2020 
Loan Class  Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Total 
   (In thousands)     
Pass Grade  $104,566   $244,765   $83,066   $8,922   $441,319 
Special Mention   ---    2,958    ---    ---    2,958 
Substandard   87    818    580    139    1,624 
Doubtful   ---    ---    ---    ---    --- 
                          
   $104,653   $248,541   $83,646   $9,061   $445,901 

 

   December 31, 2019 
Loan Class  Commercial   Commercial
Real Estate
   Residential   Installment   Total 
   (In thousands)     
Pass Grade  $99,924   $249,563   $76,611   $9,697   $435,795 
Special Mention   ––    4,016    ––    ––    4,016 
Substandard   71    1,072    594    ---    1,737 
Doubtful   ––    ––    ––    ––    –– 
                          
   $99,995   $254,651   $77,205   $9,697   $441,548 

 

To facilitate the monitoring of credit quality within the loan portfolio, and for purposes of analyzing historical loss rates used in the determination of the ALLL, the Company utilizes the following categories of credit grades: pass, special mention, substandard, and doubtful. The four categories, which are derived from standard regulatory rating definitions, are assigned upon initial approval of credit to borrowers and updated periodically thereafter. Pass ratings, which are assigned to those borrowers that do not have identified potential or well defined weaknesses and for which there is a high likelihood of orderly repayment, are updated periodically based on the size and credit characteristics of the borrower. All other categories are updated on at least a quarterly basis.

 

The Company assigns a special mention rating to loans that have potential weaknesses that deserve management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may, at some future date, result in the deterioration of the repayment prospects for the loan or the Company’s credit position.

 

The Company assigns a substandard rating to loans that are inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the borrower or of the collateral pledged. Substandard loans have well defined weaknesses or weaknesses that could jeopardize the orderly repayment of the debt. Loans and leases in this grade also are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies noted are not addressed and corrected.

 

The Company assigns a doubtful rating to loans that have all the attributes of a substandard rating with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable. The possibility of loss is extremely high, but because of certain important and reasonable specific pending factors that may work to the advantage of and strengthen the credit quality of the loan or lease, its classification as an estimated loss is deferred until its more exact status may be determined. Pending factors may include a proposed merger or acquisition, liquidation proceeding, capital injection, perfecting liens on additional collateral or refinancing plans.

 

25 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The Company evaluates the loan risk grading system definitions and allowance for loan losses methodology on an ongoing basis. No significant changes were made to either during the current and past year to date periods presented.

 

Loan Portfolio Aging Analysis

As of June 30, 2020

 

   30-59 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
   60-89 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
   Greater
Than 90
Days and
Accruing
   Non
Accrual
   Total Past
Due and
Non Accrual
   Current   Total Loans
Receivable
 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial  $13   $---   $---   $43   $56   $104,597   $104,653 
Commercial real estate   ---    ---    ---    556    556    247,985    248,541 
Residential   133    229    ---    980    1,342    82,304    83,646 
Installment   ---    ---    ---    ---    ---    9,061    9,061 
                                    
Total  $146   $229   $---   $1,579   $1,954   $442,947   $445,901 

 

Loan Portfolio Aging Analysis

As of December 31, 2019

 

   30-59 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
   60-89 Days
Past Due
and
Accruing
   Greater
Than 90
Days and
Accruing
   Non
Accrual
   Total Past
Due and
Non Accrual
   Current   Total Loans
Receivable
 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial  $129   $132   $––   $30   $291   $99,704   $99,995 
Commercial real estate   ––    214    197    348    759    253,892    254,651 
Residential   448    ---    29    1,074    1,551    75,654    77,205 
Installment   58    1    ––    ---    59    9,638    9,697 
                                    
Total  $635   $347   $226   $1,452   $2,660   $438,888   $441,548 

 

A loan is considered impaired, in accordance with the impairment accounting guidance (ASC 310-10-35-16), when based on current information and events, it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due from the borrower in accordance with the contractual terms of the loan. Impaired loans include nonperforming commercial loans but also include loans modified in troubled debt restructurings where concessions have been granted to borrowers experiencing financial difficulties. These concessions could include a reduction in the interest rate on the loan, payment extensions, forgiveness of principal, forbearance or other actions intended to maximize collection.

 

26 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

 

Impaired Loans

 

   As of June 30, 2020   For the three months ended
June 30, 2020
   For the six months ended
June 30, 2020
 
   Recorded
Balance
   Unpaid
Principal
Balance
   Specific
Allowance
   Average
Investment in
Impaired
Loans
   Interest
Income
Recognized
   Average
Investment in
Impaired
Loans
   Interest
Income
Recognized
 
   (In thousands) 
Loans without a specific valuation allowance:                                   
Commercial  $60   $60   $––   $66   $---   $66   $6 
Commercial real estate   587    587    ––    588    5    588    5 
Residential   493    493    ––    591    12    591    14 
Installment   139    139    ––    151    4    151    4 
    1,279    1,279    ––    1,396    21    1,396    29 
Loans with a specific valuation allowance:                                   
Commercial   22    22    7    24                 ---    24    1 
Commercial real estate   ---    ---    ---    ---    ---    ---    --- 
Residential   ---    ---    ---    ---    ---    ---                  –– 
Installment   ––    ––    ––    ––    ---    ––    --- 
    22    22    7    24    ---    24    1 
                                    
Total:                                   
Commercial  $82   $82   $7   $90   $--   $90   $7 
Commercial real estate  $587   $587   $          ---   $588   $5   $588   $5 
Residential  $493   $493   $---   $591   $12   $591   $14 
Installment  $139   $139   $––   $151   $4   $151   $4 

 

27 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

 

Impaired Loans

 

   As of December 31, 2019   For the three months ended
June 30, 2019
   For the six months ended
June 30, 2019
 
   Recorded
Balance
   Unpaid
Principal
Balance
   Specific
Allowance
   Average
Investment
in
Impaired
Loans
   Interest
Income
Recognized
   Average
Investment
in
Impaired
Loans
   Interest
Income
Recognized
 
   (In thousands) 
Loans without a specific valuation allowance:                                   
Commercial  $71   $71   $––   $466   $4   $465   $4 
Commercial real estate   371    371    ––    387    5    373    6 
Residential   594    594    ––    248    3    249    7 
Installment   ---    ---    ––    ---    ---    ----    --- 
    1,036    1,036    ––    1,101    12    1,087    17 
Loans with a specific valuation allowance:                                   
Commercial   ---    ---             ---    885    11    882    11 
Commercial real estate   ---    ---    ---    411            ---    409              --- 
Residential   ––    ––    ––    191    ––    191    –– 
Installment   ––    ––    ––    ––    ---    ––    --- 
    ---    ---    ---    1,487    11    1,482    11 
                                    
Total:                                   
Commercial  $71   $71   $---   $1,351   $15   $1,347   $15 
Commercial real estate  $371   $371   $---   $798   $5   $782   $6 
Residential  $594   $594   $––   $439   $3   $440   $7 
Installment  $---   $---   $––   $---   $---   $---   $--- 

 

28 

 

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Interest income recognized on a cash basis was not materiality different than interest income recognized.

 

For the TDRs noted in the tables below, the Company extended the maturity dates and granted interest rate concessions as part of each of those loan restructurings. The loans included in the tables are considered impaired and specific loss calculations are performed on the individual loans. In conjunction with the restructuring there were no amounts charged-off.

 

   Three Months ended June 30, 2020 
   Number of
Contracts
   Pre- Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
   Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial            1   $         23   $         23 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    –– 
Installment   ––    ––    –– 

 

   Three Months Ended June 30, 2020 
   Interest
Only
   Term   Combination   Total
Modification
 
       (In thousands)     
Commercial  $           ––   $           23   $           ––   $           23 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Consumer   ––    ––    ––    –– 

 

   Six Months ended June 30, 2020 
   Number of
Contracts
   Pre- Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
   Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial              3   $           106   $           106 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    –– 
Installment   ––    ––    –– 

 

   Six Months Ended June 30, 2020 
   Interest
Only
   Term   Combination   Total
Modification
 
       (In thousands)     
Commercial  $           ––   $           106   $           ––   $           106 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Consumer   ––    ––    ––    –– 

 

29 

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

    Three Months ended June 30, 2019 
    Number of
Contracts
    

Pre- Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment

    Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
    (In thousands) 
Commercial   ––   $––   $–– 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    –– 
Installment   ––    ––    –– 

 

    Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 
    Interest
Only
    Term    Combination    Total
Modification
 
    (In thousands) 
Commercial  $––   $––   $––   $–– 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Consumer   ––    ––    ––    –– 

 

    Six Months ended June 30, 2019 
    Number of
Contracts
    

Pre- Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment

    Post-Modification
Outstanding
Recorded
Investment
 
    (In thousands) 
Commercial   ––   $––   $–– 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    –– 
Installment   ––    ––    –– 

 

    Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 
    Interest
Only
    Term    Combination    Total
Modification
 
    (In thousands) 
Commercial  $––   $––   $––   $–– 
Commercial real estate   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Residential   ––    ––    ––    –– 
Consumer   ––    ––    ––    –– 

 

30 

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

During the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019 troubled debt restructurings did not have an impact on the allowance for loan losses. At June 30, 2020 and 2019 and for three and six month periods then ended, there were no defaults of any troubled debt restructurings that were modified in the last 12 months. The Company generally considers TDR’s that become 90 days or more past due under the modified terms as subsequently defaulted.

 

Note 4: Benefit Plans

 

Pension expense includes the following:

 

   Three months ended
June 30,
   Six months ended
June 30,
 
   2020   2019   2020   2019 
   (In thousands) 
Service cost  $98   $75   $196   $150 
Interest cost   59    55    118    110 
Expected return on assets   (117)   (102)   (234)   (204)
Amortization of prior service cost and net loss   13    1    26    2 
                     
Pension expense  $53   $29   $106   $58 

 

Note 5: Off-balance-sheet Activities

 

Some financial instruments, such as loan commitments, credit lines, letters of credit and overdraft protection, are issued to meet customer financing needs. These are agreements to provide credit or to support the credit of others, as long as conditions established in the contracts are met, and usually have expiration dates. Commitments may expire without being used. Off-balance-sheet risk to credit loss exists up to the face amount of these instruments, although material losses are not anticipated. The same credit policies are used to make such commitments as are used for loans, including obtaining collateral at exercise of the commitment.

 

31 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

A summary of the notional or contractual amounts of financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk at the indicated dates is as follows:

 

   June 30,   December 31, 
   2020   2019 
   (In thousands) 
Commercial loans unused lines of credit  $39,017   $40,538 
Commitment to originate loans   48,078    38,722 
Consumer open end lines of credit   51,373    38,575 
Standby lines of credit   46    46 

 

Note 6: Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income

 

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income, included in stockholders’ equity, are as follows:

 

   June 30,
2020
   December 31,
2019
 
   (In thousands) 
Net unrealized gain on securities available-for-sale  $14,462   $8,389 
Net unrealized loss for unfunded status of defined benefit plan liability   (1,381)   (1,381)
           
    13,081    7,008 
Tax effect   (2,747)   1,472 
           
Net-of-tax amount  $10,334   $5,536 

 

Note 7: Fair Value Measurements

 

The Company defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company also utilizes a fair value hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date

 

Level 2Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities

 

32 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

  Level 3 Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as the general classification of such instruments pursuant to the valuation hierarchy.

 

Available-for-sale Securities

 

Where quoted market prices are available in an active market, securities are classified within Level 1 of the valuation hierarchy. If quoted market prices are not available, then fair values are estimated by using quoted prices of securities with similar characteristics or independent asset pricing services and pricing models, the inputs of which are market-based or independently sourced market parameters, including, but not limited to, yield curves, interest rates, volatilities, prepayments, defaults, cumulative loss projections and cash flows. Such securities are classified in Level 2 of the valuation hierarchy.

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019:

 

       Fair Value Measurements Using 
   Fair Value  

Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 
June 30, 2020                    
U.S. government agencies  $32,157   $---   $32,157   $--- 
                     
Subordinated Notes  $4,493   $---   $4,493   $--- 
                     
State and municipal obligations  $154,870   $---   $154,870   $--- 
                     
December 31, 2019                    
U.S. government agencies  $39,528   $––   $39,528   $–– 
                     
Subordinated Notes  $4,532   $---   $4,532   $             --- 
                     
State and municipal obligations  $144,725   $––   $144,725   $–– 

 

33 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

Following is a description of the valuation methodologies used for assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets, as well as the general classification of such assets pursuant to the valuation hierarchy. For assets classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy, the process used to develop the reported fair value is described below.

 

Impaired Loans (Collateral Dependent)

 

Collateral dependent impaired loans consisted primarily of loans secured by nonresidential real estate. Management has determined fair value measurements on impaired loans primarily through evaluations of appraisals performed. Due to the nature of the valuation inputs, impaired loans are classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy.

 

The Company considers the appraisal or evaluation as the starting point for determining fair value and then considers other factors and events in the environment that may affect the fair value. Appraisals of the collateral underlying collateral-dependent loans are obtained when the loan is determined to be collateral-dependent and subsequently as deemed necessary by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisals are reviewed for accuracy and consistency by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisers are selected from the list of approved appraisers maintained by management. The appraised values are reduced by discounts to consider lack of marketability and estimated cost to sell if repayment or satisfaction of the loan is dependent on the sale of the collateral. These discounts and estimates are developed by the Company’s Chief Lender by comparison to historical results.

 

Foreclosed Assets Held for Sale

 

Assets acquired through, or in lieu of, loan foreclosure are held for sale and are initially recorded at fair value (based on current appraised value) at the date of foreclosure, establishing a new cost basis. Subsequent to foreclosure, valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Management has determined fair value measurements on other real estate owned primarily through evaluations of appraisals performed, and current and past offers. Due to the nature of the valuation inputs, foreclosed assets held for sale are classified within Level 3 of the hierarchy.

 

Appraisals of foreclosed assets held for sale are obtained when the real estate is acquired and subsequently as deemed necessary by the Company’s Chief Lender. Appraisals are reviewed for accuracy and consistency by the Company’s Chief Lender and are selected from the list of approved appraisers maintained by management.

 

34 

 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

The following table presents the fair value measurements of assets recognized in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and the level within the fair value hierarchy in which the fair value measurements fall at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

       Fair Value Measurements Using 
   Fair
Value
  

Quoted Prices in Active Markets for Identical Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant Other Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant Unobservable Inputs

(Level 3)

 
   (In thousands) 
June 30, 2020                    
Collateral dependent impaired loans  $15   $––   $––   $15 
Foreclosed assets held for sale           ---                 ---                ---                  --- 
                     
                     
December 31, 2019                    
Collateral dependent impaired loans  $---   $––   $––   $--- 
Foreclosed assets held for sale   ---    ––    ––    --- 

 

Unobservable (Level 3) Inputs

 

The following table presents quantitative information about unobservable inputs used in recurring and nonrecurring Level 3 fair value measurements.

 

   Fair Value at 6/30/20   Valuation Technique  Unobservable Inputs  Range
   (In thousands)
Collateral-dependent impaired loans  $15   Market comparable properties  Marketability discount  10% - 25%
             
Foreclosed assets held for sale  $---   Market comparable properties   Marketability discount  10% – 35%

 

    Fair Value at 12/31/19   Valuation Technique  Unobservable Inputs  Range
    (In thousands)
Collateral-dependent impaired loans  $---   Market comparable properties  Marketability discount  10% - 25%
            
Foreclosed assets held for sale  $---   Market comparable properties   Marketability discount  10% – 35%

 

35 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

There were no significant changes in the valuation techniques used during 2020 and 2019.

 

The following table presents estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments. The fair values of certain of these instruments were calculated by discounting expected cash flows, which involves significant judgments by management and uncertainties. Because no market exists for certain of these financial instruments and because management does not intend to sell these financial instruments, the Company does not know whether the fair values shown below represent values at which the respective financial instruments could be sold individually or in the aggregate.

 

       Fair Value Measurements Using 
   Carrying
Amount
  

Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)

  

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)

  

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

 
   (In thousands) 
June 30, 2020                    
                     
Financial assets                    
Cash and cash equivalents  $21,647   $21,647   $––   $–– 
Loans, net of allowance   441,886    ––    ––    441,835 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   4,432    ––    4,432    –– 
Accrued interest receivable   4,247    ––    4,247    –– 
Financial liabilities                    
Deposits   593,727    ––    592,466    –– 
Short term borrowings   9,464    ––    9,464    –– 
Federal Home Loan Bank Advances   ---    ––    ---    –– 
Subordinated debentures   23,574    ––    22,851    –– 
Interest payable   379         379    –– 

 

36 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

 

       Fair Value Measurements Using 
   Carrying
Amount
  

Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets

(Level 1)

  

Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant
Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

 
   (In thousands) 
December 31, 2019:                    
                     
Financial assets                    
Cash and cash equivalents  $14,985   $14,985   $––   $–– 
Loans, net of allowance   439,317    ––    ––    437,688 
Federal Home Loan Bank stock   4,012    ––    4,012    –– 
Accrued interest receivable   2,697    ––    2,697    –– 
Financial liabilities                    
Deposits   548,069    ––    548,130    –– 
Short term borrowings   6,915    ––    6,915    –– 
Federal Home Loan Bank Advances   39,800    ––    39,800    –– 
Subordinated debentures   23,543    ––    22,857    –– 
Interest payable   213    ––    213    –– 

 

The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Accrued Interest Receivable and Federal Home Loan Bank Stock

 

The carrying amounts approximate fair value.

 

37 

 

 

United Bancorp, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

 

Loans

 

Fair values of loans and leases are estimated on an exit price basis incorporating discounts for credit, liquidity and marketability factors.

 

Deposits

 

Deposits include demand deposits, savings accounts, NOW accounts and certain money market deposits. The carrying amount approximates fair value. The fair value of fixed-maturity time deposits is estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies the rates currently offered for deposits of similar remaining maturities.

 

Interest Payable

 

The carrying amount approximates fair value.

 

Short-term Borrowings, Federal Home Loan Bank Advances and Subordinated Debentures

 

Rates currently available to the Company for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities are used to estimate the fair value of existing debt.

 

Commitments to Originate Loans, Letters of Credit and Lines of Credit

 

The fair value of commitments to originate loans is estimated using the fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements, taking into account the remaining terms of the agreements and the present creditworthiness of the counterparties. For fixed-rate loan commitments, fair value also considers the difference between current levels of interest rates and the committed rates. The fair values of letters of credit and lines of credit are based on fees currently charged for similar agreements or on the estimated cost to terminate or otherwise settle the obligations with the counterparties at the reporting date. Fair values of commitments were not material at June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019.

 

Note 8: Repurchase Agreements

 

Securities sold under agreements to repurchase (“repurchase agreements”) with customers represent funds deposited by customers, generally on an overnight basis that are collateralized by investment securities owned by the Company.

 

At June 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, repurchase agreement borrowings totaled $9,494,000 and $6,915,000, respectively and are included in short-term borrowings on the consolidated condensed balance sheets. All repurchase agreements are subject to term and conditions of repurchase/security agreements between the Company and the customer and are accounted for as secured borrowings and reflected in short-term borrowings.

 

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United Bancorp, Inc.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited) 

 

The following table presents the Company’s repurchase agreements accounted for as secured borrowings:

 

Remaining Contractual Maturity of the Agreement

 

(In thousands)

 

         
June 30, 2020  Overnight and
Continuous
   Up to 30 Days   30-90 Days   Greater than 90
Days
   Total 
Repurchase Agreements                         
U.S. government agencies  $9,494   $––   $––   $––   $9,494 
Total  $9,494   $––   $––   $––   $9,494 

 

         
December 31, 2019  Overnight and Continuous   Up to 30 Days   30-90 Days   Greater than 90
Days
   Total 
Repurchase Agreements                         
U.S. government agencies  $6,915   $––   $––   $––   $6,915 
Total  $6,915   $––   $––   $––   $6,915 

 

These borrowings were collateralized with U.S. government and agency securities with a carrying value of $17.7 million at June 30, 2020 and $9.4 million at December 31, 2019. Declines in the fair value would require the Company to pledge additional securities.

 

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