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The Company has no substantive operations other than holding all of the outstanding share capital of China Xing De (BVI) Limited (&#8220;Yulong BVI&#8221;). In turn, Yulong BVI is a holding company holding all of the outstanding share capital of China Xing De (Hong Kong) Limited (&#8220;Yulong HK&#8221;). Yulong HK is also a holding company holding all of the outstanding equity capital of Zhengzhou Xing De Enterprise Management &amp; Consulting Co., Ltd. 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The Company operates principally from the city of Pingdingshan, Henan Province, in the People&#8217;s Republic of China (the &#8220;PRC&#8221; or &#8220;China&#8221;). The Company produces fly-ash bricks and ready-mixed concrete, and since April 2015, hauls and processes construction waste, with which it produces crushed construction waste or recycled aggregates, and bricks made from recycled aggregates, or recycled bricks. All of the Company&#8217;s business activities are carried out by domestic Chinese companies that the Company controls through contractual arrangements as follows: (1) Henan Jianyida Industrial Co., Ltd. (&#8220;Yulong Bricks&#8221;), which carries out the bricks business, (2) Pingdingshan Hengji Concrete Co., Ltd. (&#8220;Yulong Concrete&#8221;) and Pingdingshan Hengji Industrial Co., Ltd. (&#8220;Yulong Transport&#8221;), which carry out the concrete business, and (3) Pingdingshan Xulong Renewable Resource Co., Ltd. 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As such, the Yulong operating companies are controlled through contractual arrangements in lieu of direct equity ownership by the Company or any of its subsidiaries. Such contractual arrangements are a series of four agreements (collectively the &#8220;Contractual Arrangements&#8221;) which significant terms are as follows:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>&#160;</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>Exclusive Consulting Services and Operating Agreements</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Pursuant to the exclusive consulting and service agreement among Yulong WFOE, each Yulong operating company and its shareholders, Yulong WFOE is engaged as exclusive provider of management consulting services to such Yulong operating company. For such services, the Yulong operating company agrees to pay service fees determined based on all of its net profit after tax payments to Yulong WFOE or Yulong WFOE has obligation to absorb all of the Yulong operating companies&#8217; losses. The agreement remains in effect until and unless all parties agree to its termination. Until such termination, the Yulong operating company may not enter into another agreement for the provision of management consulting services without the prior consent of Yulong WFOE.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>&#160;</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>Option Agreements</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Pursuant to the exclusive equity option agreement between the shareholders of each Yulong operating company and Yulong WFOE, such shareholders jointly and severally grant Yulong WFOE an option to purchase their equity interests in such Yulong operating company. The purchase price shall be the lowest price then permitted under applicable PRC laws. If the purchase price is greater than the registered capital of such Yulong operating company, the shareholders are required to immediately return any amount in excess of the registered capital to Yulong WFOE or its designee. Yulong WFOE may exercise such option at any time until it has acquired all equity interests of such Yulong operating company, and freely transfer the option to any third party. The agreement will terminate at the earlier of (i) the date on which all of the equity interests of such Yulong operating company has been transferred to Yulong WFOE or its designee or (ii) the unilateral termination by Yulong WFOE.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>&#160;</i>&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>Equity Pledge Agreements</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Pursuant to the equity interest pledge agreement between the shareholders of each Yulong operating company and Yulong WFOE, such shareholders pledge all of their equity interests in such Yulong operating company to Yulong WFOE as collateral to secure the obligations of such Yulong operating company under the exclusive consulting services and operating agreement. The shareholders may not transfer or assign transfer or assign the pledged equity interests, or incur or allow any encumbrance that would jeopardize Yulong WFOE&#8217;s interests, without Yulong WFOE&#8217;s prior approval. In the event of default, Yulong WFOE as the pledgee will be entitled to certain rights and entitlements, including the priority in receiving payments by the evaluation or proceeds from the auction or sale of whole or part of the pledged equity interests of such Yulong operating company. The agreement will terminate at the earlier of (i) the date the shareholders have transferred all of their pledged equity interests pursuant to the option agreement or (ii) two years from the satisfaction by such Yulong operating company of all its obligations under the exclusive consulting and service agreement.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>&#160;</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><i>Voting Rights Proxy and Financial Supporting Agreements</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Pursuant to the voting rights proxy and financial supporting agreement between the shareholders of each Yulong operating company and Yulong WFOE, such shareholders have given Yulong WFOE an irrevocable proxy to act on their behalf on all matters pertaining to such Yulong operating company and to exercise all of their rights as shareholders of such Yulong operating company, including the right to attend shareholders meeting, to exercise voting rights and to transfer all or a part of their equity interests in such Yulong operating company. In consideration of such granted rights, Yulong WFOE agrees to provide the necessary financial support to such Yulong operating company whether or not such Yulong operating company incurs loss, and agrees not to request for repayment if such Yulong operating company is unable to do so. The agreement will terminate at the earlier of (i) the date on which all of the equity interests of such Yulong operating company have been transferred to Yulong WFOE or (ii) the unilateral termination by Yulong WFOE.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">As a result of the foregoing contractual arrangements, which give Yulong WFOE effective control of the Yulong operating companies, obligate Yulong WFOE to absorb all of the risk of loss from their activities, and enable Yulong WFOE to receive all of their expected residual returns, the Company accounts for each Yulong operating company as a variable interest entity (&#8220;VIE&#8221;). Additionally, as the parent company of Yulong WFOE, the Company is considered the primary beneficiary of the Yulong operating companies. Accordingly, the Company consolidates the accounts of the Yulong operating companies for the years ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, in accordance with Regulation S-X-3A-02 promulgated by the Securities Exchange Commission, and Accounting Standards Codification (&#8220;ASC&#8221;) 810-10, Consolidation.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; 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At lease inception, if the lease meets any of the following four criteria, the Company will classify it as a capital lease; otherwise it will be treated as an operating lease: (a) transfer of ownership to lessee at the end of the lease term, (b) bargain purchase option, (c) lease term is equal to 75% or more of the estimated economic life of the leased property, or (d) the present value of the minimum lease payments is 90% or more of the fair value of the leased asset.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The cost and related accumulated depreciation of assets sold or otherwise retired are eliminated from the accounts and any gain or loss is included in the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.&#160;&#160;Construction-in-progress represents labor costs, materials, and capitalized interest incurred in connection with the construction. Interest incurred during construction is capitalized into construction in progress. All other interest is expensed as incurred.&#160;No depreciation is provided for construction in progress until it is completed and placed into service. 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Prepayments also include advances made to a village committee in connection with acquiring land use rights. Management regularly reviews aging of prepayments and records an allowance when management believes collection of equipment, land use rights, or services to be performed due are at risk. Advances aged over one year and considered uncollectible are written off after exhaustive efforts at collection. 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The Company also re-evaluates the periods of amortization to determine whether subsequent events and circumstances warrant revised estimates of useful lives.&#160;&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><u>Impairment for long-lived assets</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Long-lived assets, including buildings and improvements, equipment and intangible assets with finite lives are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances (such as a significant adverse change to market conditions that will impact the future use of the assets) indicate that the carrying value of an asset may not be recoverable. The Company assesses the recoverability of the assets based on the undiscounted future cash flows the assets are expected to generate and recognize an impairment loss when estimated discounted future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset plus net proceeds expected from disposition of the asset, if any, are less than the carrying value of the asset. When the Company identifies an impairment, the Company reduce the carrying amount of the asset to its estimated fair value based on a discounted cash flows approach or, when available and appropriate, to comparable market values. As of June 30, 2015 and 2014, management believes there was no impairment.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><u>Fair Values of Financial Instruments</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">ASC Topic 825, Financial Instruments (&#8220;Topic 825&#8221;) requires disclosure of fair value information of financial instruments, whether or not recognized in the balance sheets, for which it is practicable to estimate that value. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. In that regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets and, in many cases, could not be realized in immediate settlement of the instruments. Topic 825 excludes certain financial instruments and all non-financial assets and liabilities from its disclosure requirements. Accordingly, the aggregate fair value amounts do not represent the underlying value of the Company.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The accounting standards define fair value, establish a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosures of fair value measurement and enhance disclosure requirements for fair value measures. 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The Company determined that the carrying value of the noncurrent capital lease obligations approximated their fair value using level 2 inputs by comparing the stated loan interest rate to the rate charged by the PBOC on similar loans.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><u>Revenue recognition</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 605,&#160;<i>Revenue Recognition</i>, regarding revenue recognition which specifies that revenue is realized or realizable and earned. Sales revenue is recognized at the date of shipment to customers when a formal arrangement exists, the price is fixed or determinable, the delivery is completed, the Company has no other obligations and collectability is reasonably assured. Payments received before all of the relevant criteria for revenue recognition are recorded as customer deposits.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Company sells concrete and bricks primarily to major local real estate development and/or construction companies. Sales agreements are signed with each customer. Each agreement has specific terms and conditions with the exception of delivery date and quantity, which are provided when the customer issues an order pursuant to the agreement. The Company does not sell products to customers on consignment basis. 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The Company operates a fleet of trucks to haul construction waste, consisting primarily of bricks and concrete, from construction and demolition sites. Revenue is recognized upon completion of hauling from the construction and demolition sites per truckloads.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Company also provides transportation services for its concrete customers. 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Transportation services revenue is immaterial to the Company&#8217;s consolidated revenues for the periods presented in the accompanying financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><u>Shipping and handling</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Shipping and handling costs pertaining to raw material purchases are included in cost of revenue.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: center;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Shipping costs incurred in the delivery of products and depreciation expenses for transportation equipment (under Yulong Transport) are included in selling expense. Shipping costs amounted to $316,256 and $432,328 for the years ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. Depreciation expense amounted to $188,662 and $320,218 for the years ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><u>Concentration of risk</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><i>Credit risk</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><i>&#160;</i></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. As of June 30, 2015 and 2014, $16,393,414 and $19,526,224 were deposited with various major financial institutions located in the PRC, respectively. While management believes that these financial institutions are of high credit quality, it also continually monitors their credit worthiness. Historically, deposits in Chinese banks are secure due to state policy to protect depositor interests. However, China promulgated a Bankruptcy Law in August 2006 that came into effect on June 1, 2007, which contains a separate article expressly stating that the State Council may promulgate implementation measures to provide for the bankruptcy of Chinese banks based on the Bankruptcy Law. Under the current Bankruptcy Law, a Chinese bank may file bankruptcy if it deems itself to be insolvent. In addition, since China&#8217;s concession to the World Trade Organization, foreign banks have been gradually permitted to operate in China and have intensified competition in many aspects, especially since the opening of the Renminbi business to foreign banks in late 2006. Therefore, the risk of bankruptcy at the institutions that the Company maintains deposits has increased. 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Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the difference between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates that will be in effect in the period in which the differences are expected to reverse. The Company records a valuation allowance against deferred tax assets if, based on the weight of available evidence, it is more-likely-than-not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Company applies ASC 740,&#160;<i>Accounting for Income Taxes</i>, to account for uncertainty in income taxes and the evaluation of a tax position is a two-step process. The first step is to determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination, including the resolution of any related appeals or litigation based on the technical merits of that position. The second step is to measure a tax position that meets the more-likely-than-not threshold to determine the amount of benefit to be recognized in the financial statements. A tax position is measured at the largest amount of benefit that is greater than 50 percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement. Tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold should be recognized in the first subsequent period in which the threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not criteria should be de-recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which the threshold is no longer met.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">As of June 30, 2015, Yulong WFOE and the VIEs have each filed income tax returns in China for the years ended December 31, 2010 to 2014. All such tax returns are subject to examination by the Chinese taxing authorities.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><u>Earnings per share</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Earnings per share are calculated in accordance with ASC 260-10,&#160;<i>Earnings per Share</i>. Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing net income attributable to holders of ordinary shares by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per ordinary share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if securities to issue ordinary shares were exercised. 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Among other disclosures, ASC 220-10,&#160;<i>Comprehensive Income</i>, requires that all items that are required to be recognized under current accounting standards as components of comprehensive income be reported in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements. The Company adopted ASU No. 2011-05 by presenting items of net income and other comprehensive income in one continuous statement, the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><u>Employee benefit</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The full-time employees of Yulong WFOE and the VIEs are entitled to staff welfare benefits including medical care, housing fund, pension benefits and unemployment insurance, which are government mandated defined contribution plans. The Company is required to accrue for these benefits based on certain percentages of the employees&#8217; respective salaries, subject to certain ceilings, in accordance with the relevant PRC regulations, and make cash contributions to the state-sponsored plans out of the amounts accrued. Total expense for the plans was $118,410 and $109,502 for the years ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><u>Recently issued accounting pronouncements</u></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">In August 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15,&#160;<i>Preparation of Financial Statements - Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40), Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern</i>. Under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), continuation of a reporting entity as a going concern is presumed as the basis for preparing financial statements unless and until the entity's liquidation becomes imminent. Preparation of financial statements under this presumption is commonly referred to as the going concern basis of accounting. If and when an entity's liquidation becomes imminent, financial statements should be prepared under the liquidation basis of accounting in accordance with Subtopic 205-30, Presentation of Financial Statements-Liquidation Basis of Accounting. Even when an entity's liquidation is not imminent, there may be conditions or events that raise substantial doubt about the entity's ability to continue as a going concern. In those situations, financial statements should continue to be prepared under the going concern basis of accounting, but the amendments in this Update should be followed to determine whether to disclose information about the relevant conditions and events. The amendments in this Accounting Standards Update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-15 to have material impact on the Company&#8217;s consolidated financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">In November 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-17,&#160;<i>Business Combinations (Topic 805): Pushdown Accounting (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force</i>. The amendments in this update provide an acquired entity with an option to apply pushdown accounting in its separate financial statements upon occurrence of an event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. An acquired entity may elect the option to apply pushdown accounting in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs. An acquired entity should determine whether to elect to apply pushdown accounting for each individual change-in-control event in which an acquirer obtains control of the acquired entity. If pushdown accounting is not applied in the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurs, an acquired entity will have the option to elect to apply pushdown accounting in a subsequent reporting period to the acquired entity&#8217;s most recent change-in-control event. An election to apply pushdown accounting in a reporting period after the reporting period in which the change-in-control event occurred should be considered a change in accounting principle in accordance with Topic 250, Accounting Changes and Error Corrections. If pushdown accounting is applied to an individual change-in-control event, that election is irrevocable. The amendments in this ASU are effective on November 18, 2014. After the effective date, an acquired entity can make an election to apply the guidance to future change-in-control events or to its most recent change-in-control event. However, if the financial statements for the period in which the most recent change-in-control event occurred already have been issued or made available to be issued, the application of this guidance would be a change in accounting principle. The adoption of ASU 2014-17 did not have a material impact on the Company&#8217;s consolidated financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><font style="font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">In January 2015, FASB issued ASU No. 2015-01,&#160;</font><i>Income Statement&#8212;Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items<font style="font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">.</font></i><font style="font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160; FASB is issuing this Update as part of its initiative to reduce complexity in accounting standards (the Simplification Initiative). The objective of the Simplification Initiative is to identify, evaluate, and improve areas of generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for which cost and complexity can be reduced while maintaining or improving the usefulness of the information provided to the users of financial statements. This Update eliminates from GAAP the concept of extraordinary items. &#160;The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. A reporting entity may apply the amendments prospectively. A reporting entity also may apply the amendments retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. Early adoption is permitted provided that the guidance is applied from the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The effective date is the same for both public business entities and all other entities.&#160; The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-01 to have material impact on the Company&#8217;s consolidated financial statements.</font></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><font style="font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</font></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis. Under both current GAAP requirements and the amendments in this update, a decision maker is determined to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE if it satisfies both the power and the economics criteria. The primary beneficiary consolidates a VIE because it has a controlling financial interest. Under the requirements in current GAAP, if a fee arrangement paid to a decision maker, such as an asset management fee, is determined to be a variable interest in a VIE, the decision maker must include the fee arrangement in its primary beneficiary determination and could consolidate the VIE on the basis of power (decision-making authority) and economics (the fee arrangement). However, the amendments in this Update specify that some fees paid to a decision maker are excluded from the evaluation of the economics criterion if the fees are both customary and commensurate with the level of effort required for the services provided. Those amendments make it less likely for a decision maker to meet the economics criterion solely on the basis of a fee arrangement. The amendments in this update are effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-02 to have a material impact on the Company&#8217;s consolidated financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, an amendment to Topic 330 for simplifying the measurement of inventory. The update requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value where net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal, and transportation. Subsequent measurement is unchanged for inventory measured using LIFO or the retail inventory method.&#160; The amendment is intended to provide clarification on the measurement and disclosure of inventory in Topic 330 and not intended for those clarifications to result in any changes in practice. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016.&#160; Early application is permitted for all entities and should be applied prospectively. The Company does not expect the adoption of ASU 2015-11 to have material impact on the Company&#8217;s consolidated financial statements.</p> <p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><b>Note 3 &#8211; Variable interest entities</b></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">On September 2, 2011, Yulong WFOE entered into the Contractual Arrangements with each Yulong operating company and its shareholders. The Contractual Arrangements were subsequently amended on April 21, 2014, and again on June 24, 2015, with respect to Yulong Renewable. The significant terms of the Contractual Arrangements are summarized in &#8220;Note 1 -<b>&#160;</b>Nature of business and organization&#8221; above. As a result of the Contractual Arrangements, the Company classifies each Yulong operating company as a VIE.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">VIEs are entities that have either a total equity investment that is insufficient to permit the entity to finance its activities without additional subordinated financial support, or whose equity investors lack the characteristics of a controlling financial interest, such as through voting rights, right to receive the expected residual returns of the entity or obligation to absorb the expected losses of the entity. The variable interest holder, if any, that has a controlling financial interest in a VIE is deemed to be the primary beneficiary and must consolidate the VIE. 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At the same time, Yulong WFOE is obligated to absorb all of their losses. The Contractual Arrangements are designed so that the Yulong operating companies operate for the benefit of Yulong WFOE and ultimately, the Company.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Accordingly, the accounts of the Yulong operating companies are consolidated in the accompanying financial statements pursuant to ASC 810-10, Consolidation. In addition, their financial positions and results of operations are included in the Company&#8217;s financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Yulong operating companies are owned and controlled by their founder, with the other shareholders holding equity interests on behalf and for the benefits of the founder. Such arrangements are memorialized in agreements between the founder and the other shareholders entered into prior to the completion of the share exchange transaction between the Company and Yulong BVI in December 2011 (see &#8220;Note 1 &#8211; Nature of business and organization &#8211; Share Exchange Agreement&#8221; above). Through such arrangements, the founder can direct and cause Yulong WFOE and the Yulong operating companies to enter into the Contractual Arrangements, and to amend such agreements as necessary, at any time. Accordingly, beginning on July 1, 2011, Yulong BVI has been consolidating the accounts of the Yulong operating companies because they were under common control since such time in accordance with ASC 805-50, Business Combination. For this reason, the Contractual Arrangements have been accounted for as a reorganization of entities and the consolidation of the Yulong operating companies through the Contractual Arrangements has been accounted for at historical cost and prepared on the basis as if the Contractual Arrangements became effective as of the beginning of the first period presented on July 1, 2011 in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The carrying amount of the VIEs&#8217; consolidated assets and liabilities are as follows for the years indicated:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; 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text-align: left;">Total assets</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">77,305,132</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; 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font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">29,529,680</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; 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text-align: right;">47,775,452</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">37,663,204</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><b>&#160;</b><b>&#160;</b></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; 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font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; 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font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; 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font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; 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border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">138,952</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">68,361</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">Total long term liabilities</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">138,952</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">18,292,496</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 4pt;">Total liabilities</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">29,529,680</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; 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font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The operating results of the VIEs are as follows:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="6">Years ended<br />June 30,</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; 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line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">46,230,384</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 141px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">44,456,436</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Gross profit</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">16,867,399</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">16,952,975</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Income from operations</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">13,964,941</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">15,616,442</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Net income</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">9,786,060</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">11,092,208</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><div>&#160;</div> <p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><b>Note 4 &#8211; Accounts receivable, net</b></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Accounts receivable, net consists of the following for the years indicated:&#160;&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; text-align: center;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Accounts receivable</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 142px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">9,329,495</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 141px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">5,181,394</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">Less: allowance for doubtful accounts</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 4pt;">Total accounts receivable, net</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">9,329,495</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">5,181,394</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"><b>&#160;</b></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">Movement of allowance for doubtful accounts is as follows for the years indicated:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"></p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; text-align: center;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt; text-align: center;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; text-align: center;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Beginning balance</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 142px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 141px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">126,196</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Charge to expense (benefit)</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; 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font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;"></p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;</p> <p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; 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font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-indent: 0.5in;">&#160;&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; 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font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">3,782</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">67,740</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; 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text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">350,120</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0.75in; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><table style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman', times, serif; width: 100%; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; margin-top: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; word-spacing: 0px; widows: 1; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: top;"><td style="width: 0.5in;"></td><td style="width: 0.25in;">(1)</td><td style="text-align: justify;">In December 2011, Yulong Bricks agreed to outsource some brick production to Pingdingshan Hongrui New Construction Materials Co., Ltd., an unrelated party, and paid approximately $147,330 (RMB 900,000) as security deposit, which deposit is due on demand.</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; 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white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Inventories consisted of the following for the years indicated:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; 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font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Raw materials</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; 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font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">90,498</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; 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font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">421,998</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Raw materials for bricks consist primarily of cement, gypsum, quicklime, aluminum powder and reclaimed fly-ash. Raw materials for concrete consist primarily of cement, admixture, sand and pebble. The cost of finished goods includes direct costs of raw materials as well as direct labor used in production. 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font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Building and improvements</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; 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line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">(5,548,197</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;&#160;&#160;&#160;&#160;Total</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">41,267,655</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; 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No depreciation is provided for construction-in-progress until it is completed and placed into service. Total budget for the construction of the waste recycling plant and brick production plant is approximately $44.8 million, of which approximately $11.1 million was transferred to fixed assets. The Company completed construction of Yulong Renewable&#8217;s production and research facilities, employee dormitory and office building, and commenced formal operations of the production facilities (with one brick production line) in April 2015. The Company is currently renovating the research center and the office building, and expects to complete such work by the end of October 2015, and install the second brick production line as well as to purchase additional hauling trucks for the recycling plant by December 2015. Total budget for the installation of the autoclave is approximately $131,000. 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The Company may incur other costs in addition to what have been contracted for.</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: top;"><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;">&#160;</td><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;">&#160;</td><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: top;"><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;">&#160;</td><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;"><font style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">(2)</font></td><td style="text-align: justify; line-height: 15.3333px;"><font style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">Approximately $74,000 in the aggregate for installation has been contracted for. As of June 30, 2015, approximately $16,000 was included in prepayment (See Note 8), approximately $8,000 was included in construction-in-progress, and approximately $107,000 was not yet due. 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The lease required a one-time payment of $242,276 and an additional $32,740 as a security deposit paid in January 2012, monthly lease payments of approximately $33,000 from January 2012 to December 2014, and interest rate per annum of 15.3%. The Company has an option to purchase the machines for $327 if there is no default of the lease payments at the end of the lease term (see Note 12). In November 2014, the Company paid approximately $70,000 (RMB 427,613) in penalties due to late payments, and as of June 30, 2015, the Company paid off the lease and ownership of the machines was transferred to the Company. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $37,952 and an additional $5,828 as a security deposit paid in March 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $5,000 from June 2014 to May 2016, with interest rate per annum of 8.8%. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $17,758 and an additional $5,549 as a security deposit paid in March 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $3,000 from June 2014 to November 2015, with interest rate per annum of 8.5%. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $54,506 and an additional $8,414 as a security deposit paid in October 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $8,000 from November 2014 to October 2016, with interest rate per annum of 8.7%. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $37,952 and an additional $5,828 as a security deposit paid in October 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $5,000 from November 2014 to October 2015, with interest rate per annum of 8.7%. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $17,758 and an additional $5,549 as a security deposit paid in October 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $3,000 from November 2014 to April 2016, with interest rate per annum of 8.3%. 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The lease requires a one-time payment of $17,706 and an additional $5,533 as a security deposit paid in October 2014, monthly lease payments of approximately $3,000 from November 2014 to April 2016, with interest rate per annum of 8.3%. 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The lease also requires a one-time payment of $163,701 in April 2013 and monthly lease payments of approximately $26,000 originally from June 2013 to May 2015, with interest rate at 18.2% per annum. The ownership of the trucks has been transferred to the Company with an attached lien that will be removed if there is no default of the lease payments at the end of the extended lease term (see Note 12). 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The lease also requires a one-time payment of $163,704 on April 30, 2013, monthly lease payments of approximately $32,000 from July 2013 to June 2014, and monthly lease payments of approximately $16,000 originally from July 2014 to June 2015, with interest rate at 16.8 % per annum. The ownership of the trucks has been transfer to the Company with an attached lien that will be removed if there is no default of the lease payments at the end of the extended lease term (see Note 12). 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In July 2014, the Company entered into a binding agreement with the same party to lease the first 30 trucks for two years for approximately $1,820,000 (RMB 11,115,000), or approximately $61,000 (RMB 370,500) per truck. The lease also requires a one-time payment of $383,058 (RMB 2,340,000) as security deposit paid in July 2014 and monthly lease payments of approximately $89,000 from August 2014 to July 2016, with interest rate at 15.6% per annum. The Company has an option to purchase the vehicles for $491 if there is no default of the lease payments at the end of the lease term (see Note 12). For the remaining 70 trucks, the Company plans to enter into another binding agreement with the same third party in October 2015.</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">The Company recognized approximately $297,000 and $200,000 of interest expense related to the above capital lease equipment for the years ended June 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.</p><p style="color: #000000; 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line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; 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background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Machinery and equipment</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 142px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">1,883,535</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 141px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">1,406,278</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">Transportation equipment</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">2,923,262</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; 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text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">4,806,797</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">2,501,923</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">Less: accumulated depreciation</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">(1,036,884</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">)</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">(337,598</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">)</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;&#160;&#160;&#160;&#160;Total</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">3,769,913</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 4pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 4pt; border-bottom-style: double; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">2,164,325</td><td style="padding-bottom: 4pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr></table> <p style="color: #000000; 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orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">Prepayments consisted of the following for the years indicated:&#160;&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px;">&#160;</p><table style="width: 1567px; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; word-spacing: 0px; border-collapse: collapse; widows: 1; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"><tr style="vertical-align: bottom;"><td style="font-size: 10pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2015</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: center; border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid;" colspan="2">June 30,<br />2014</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="width: 1191px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Prepayment for equipment purchase</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 142px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">21,281</td><td style="width: 16px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">$</td><td style="width: 141px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">589,875</td><td style="width: 15px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;"><font style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">Prepayment for construction&#160;<sup>(a)</sup></font></td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">3,637,467</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">4,803,303</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">Prepayment for land use right</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; padding-bottom: 1.5pt;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="border-bottom-color: black; border-bottom-width: 1.5pt; border-bottom-style: solid; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="padding-bottom: 1.5pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; 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Pursuant to supplement land usage reimbursement agreements between Yulong Bricks and the Villagers&#8217; Committee of Xiwuzhuang Village dated February 12, 2014, between Yulong Concrete and the Villagers&#8217; Committee of Gaozhuang Village dated February 12, 2014, and between Yulong Renewable and the Villagers&#8217; Committee of Lvzhuang Village dated September 6, 2015, the purchase price may be accounted for as lease expenses over 50 years, which will expire in December 2058 with respect to Yulong Bricks and Yulong Concrete, and in March 2065 with respect to Yulong Renewable, until the Company can complete such registration.</p><p style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman', times, serif; margin: 0px; color: #000000; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; widows: 1; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;">&#160;</p><p style="font: 10pt/normal 'times new roman', times, serif; margin: 0px; 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line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">&#160;</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; font-stretch: normal; margin: 0px; text-align: justify;">Short term loans due to banks consisted of the following as of the years indicated:</p><p style="color: #000000; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; font-size: 10pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; letter-spacing: normal; line-height: normal; orphans: auto; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 1; word-spacing: 0px; 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Interest rate of 12.0% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Bricks. The Company fully repaid the loan on April 29, 2014, and entered into a new agreement to borrow $617,500, which was due in April 2015, with annual interest of 12%, and guaranteed by Yulong Bricks and a third party. The Company repaid $257,360 in April 2015 and obtained the Bank&#8217;s approval to extend the remaining $360,140 until April 2016. 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Interest rate of 12.1% per annum. 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Interest rate of 10.8% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Transport and Yulong Concrete. 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Interest rate of 10.8% per annum. Guaranteed by a third party. The Company repaid $75,850 in January 2015 and extended the remaining $736,650, which matured in July 2015, with interest rate of 10.8% per annum. The Company repaid the loan in August 2015 with a new loan of the same amount which matures in August 2016. 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Interest rate of 10.8% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Concrete and Yulong Renewable. 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Interest rate of 12.1% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Bricks, Yulong Transport and three relatives of the founder. 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Interest rate of 12.6% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Transport, a third party, the founder and his relative. This loan was fully repaid in December 2014.</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">1,625,000</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Loan from Pingdingshan Bank, matured in August 2015. Interest rate of 10.8% per annum. Guaranteed by Yulong Concrete, Yulong Transport, Yulong Renewable, the executive director of Yulong Bricks, the founder and his relatives.</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">818,500</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">-</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: white;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: right;">&#160;</td><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">&#160;</td></tr><tr style="vertical-align: bottom; background-color: #cceeff;"><td style="font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal; font-size: 10pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'times new roman', times, serif; text-align: left;">Loan from Pingdingshan Rural Credit Cooperative Union, matures in December 2015. Interest rate of 12.6% per annum. 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