OVERLAND PARK, Kan.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. (NYSE: WDR) today reported first quarter 2016 net income1 of $37.0 million, or $0.45 per diluted share, compared to net income of $62.9 million, or $0.76 per diluted share, during the prior quarter and net income of $67.1 million, or $0.80 per diluted share, during the first quarter of 2015. The current quarter’s net income included investment losses of $10.2 million, compared to investment gains of $7.6 million during the fourth quarter of 2015 and investment gains of $4.0 million during the first quarter of 2015. Operating income of $71.4 million declined 22% compared to the prior quarter and 32% compared to the first quarter last year. A lower level of assets under management is the primary driver for the decline in operating income.
During the quarter we consolidated several sponsored funds for which we have a majority ownership interest. Net income attributable to these consolidated funds is reported in noncontrolling interests presented in a separate caption in the consolidated statement of income.
Assets under management declined 9% sequentially due to an increase in net outflows and market depreciation. Compared to the same period in 2015, assets under management declined 23% due to a combination of net outflows and market depreciation.
In order to maintain an acceptable level of profitability given the magnitude of net outflows, weakness in fund performance and heightened market volatility, the company announced cost cutting initiatives in February 2016 that were intended to reduce fixed operating expenses by approximately 10%, or $40 million from our annual run-rate. After completing an internal process, we have identified cost savings to meet our target. These will reduce underwriting and distribution, compensation and general and administrative expenses.
“The entire executive team is focused on positioning the company for renewed growth,” said Hank Herrmann, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. “Central to our efforts is improving investment performance. I am confident that our investment culture, our proven investment process, and the resources we have committed to our investment staff will bear fruit.
“At the same time, we need to make strategic investments to adapt to a fast-changing world,” continued Herrmann. “Project E will strengthen our broker-dealer (formerly referred to as our ‘Advisors channel’) and enable us to compete with other broker-dealers of similar size. We have also intensified our efforts to broaden our product line in order to compete more fully with other asset managers.”
Management Fee Revenue Analysis
Management fees declined 13% sequentially, in line with a 12% decline in average assets under management and one fewer day during the current quarter. Compared to the same quarter last year, management fees declined 20% due to a 22% decline in average assets under management, which was partly offset by an additional day during the current quarter and a mix-shift in the asset base that increased the average fee rate.
Average assets under management were $95.7 billion during the current quarter, compared to $108.9 billion during the prior quarter and $123.3 billion during the first quarter of 2015. The effective fee rate for the current quarter was 60.8 basis points compared to 60.6 basis points and 59.9 basis points during the fourth and first quarters of 2015, respectively.
Underwriting and Distribution Analysis
Underwriting and Distribution Revenues
Revenues declined 9% sequentially, due primarily to lower asset-based Rule 12b-1 fees. Additionally, our broker-dealer had lower sales commissions and lower advisory fee revenues. Compared to the same period last year, revenues declined 12% due to lower asset-based Rule 12b-1 and lower advisory fee revenues in our broker-dealer.
Underwriting and Distribution Costs
Sequentially, direct costs declined 10%, slightly more than related revenues due to lower wholesaler commissions. Indirect costs declined modestly. The fourth quarter of 2015 included costs for severance, while the current quarter saw lower advertising and business travel costs. Lower costs in the current quarter were more than offset by an increase in costs associated with the implementation of Project E.
Compared to the first quarter of 2015, direct costs declined 16%, in line with the decrease in revenues and lower wholesaler commissions. Indirect costs rose 4% due to higher IT, employee compensation and benefits and consulting costs, and partly offset by lower advertising and sales meeting costs.
Compensation and Related Expense Analysis
Costs rose 10% compared to the fourth quarter of 2015 due to higher equity compensation and severance costs, and to a lesser degree, annual merit increases and payroll taxes. Compared to the same period last year, compensation costs declined 1% as annual merit increases, higher pension and higher equity compensation costs were more than offset by lower incentive compensation.
General and Administrative Expense Analysis
Costs declined 26% sequentially. Last year’s fourth quarter included higher IT and legal costs as well as higher advertising costs associated with the launch of new funds. The current quarter saw a decrease in IT costs, as our system renovation project nears completion as well as lower money market fund waivers.
Compared to the same quarter in 2015, costs declined 25% due to lower dealer servicing costs and lower usage of IT contractors.
Investment and Other Income
The company’s seed investment in sponsored funds has grown significantly due to the launch of new products. Our ownership in certain sponsored funds exposes investment and other income to an increased level of market volatility. To mitigate this risk, we entered into a number of total return swap contracts during the current quarter to serve as an economic hedge against the market risk associated with our investments in sponsored funds. The performance of the hedge has been largely effective since inception; however, we experienced a $9.6 million investment loss before our hedging strategy was fully implemented.
|Unaudited Consolidated Statement of Income|
|(Amounts in thousands, except for per share data)||2015||2016|
|1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.|
|Investment management fees||$||182,105||$||185,914||$||175,218||$||166,325||$||144,778|
|Underwriting and distribution fees||166,978||171,508||165,130||160,382||146,658|
|Shareholder service fees||36,375||36,568||35,761||34,367||32,380|
|Total operating revenues||385,458||393,990||376,109||361,074||323,816|
|Underwriting and distribution||195,420||195,762||189,065||189,534||173,836|
|Compensation and related costs||53,495||52,829||46,157||48,271||52,940|
|General and administrative||25,678||27,897||25,458||26,033||19,152|
|Total operating expenses||281,014||282,946||267,102||269,717||252,383|
|Investment and other income/(loss)||3,972||9||(16,872)||7,647||(10,218)|
|Income before taxes||105,650||108,288||89,370||96,232||58,447|
|Provision for taxes||38,537||40,843||41,312||33,312||20,978|
|Net Income Attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.||$||67,113||$||67,445||$||48,058||$||62,920||$||36,968|
|Net income per share, basic and diluted:||0.80||0.80||0.58||0.76||0.45|
|Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted||83,581||84,079||83,469||82,873||82,104|
|Net Distribution Cost Analysis|
|(Amounts in thousands)|
|Retail Unaffiliated Distribution1||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.|
|U&D Expenses - Direct||(68,595)||(66,947)||(62,117)||(57,119)||(46,846)|
|U&D Expenses - Indirect||(14,029)||(13,972)||(13,329)||(14,614)||(13,349)|
|Net Distribution (Costs)||
|U&D Expenses - Direct||(82,022)||(85,177)||(84,420)||(83,413)||(80,277)|
|U&D Expenses - Indirect||(30,774)||(29,666)||(29,199)||(34,388)||(33,364)|
|Net Distribution Excess/(Costs)||$||2,040||$||4,897||$||4,471||
|1 Retail Unaffiliated Distribution was previously referred to as the "Wholesale channel"|
|2 Retail Broker-Dealer was previously referred to as the "Advisors channel"|
|Changes in Assets Under Management||2015||2016|
|(Amounts in millions)||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.|
|Retail Unaffiliated Distribution|
|* Sales is primarily gross sales (net of sales commissions). This amount also includes|
|net reinvested dividends & capital gains and investment income.|
|(S in millions)||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.|
|Retail- Unaffiliated Distribution|
|Retail - Broker Dealer|
|Fund Rankings||1 Year||3 Years||5 Years|
|Funds ranked in top half||27%||43%||41%|
|Assets ranked in top half||20%||33%||51%|
|Funds with 4/5 stars||19%||16%||11%|
|Assets with 4/5 stars||15%||11%||5%|
|Broker Dealer||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.||1st Qtr.||2nd Qtr.||3rd Qtr.||4th Qtr.|
|AUA* (in billions)||$||53.7||$||53.6||$||49.4||$||51.0||$||49.9|
|AUA* fee based accounts (in billions)||$||
|Advisor productivity (in thousands)||$||65.9||$||67.9||$||66.3||$||64.9||$||61.3|
|U&D revenues (in thousands)||$||114,836||$||119,740||$||118,090||$||117,291||$||110,735|
|* AUA represent Assets Under Administration|
|Unaudited Balance Sheet Information|
|Schedule of Selected Items|
|Mar. 31, 2016|
|(Amounts in millions)|
|Cash & cash equivalents (unrestricted)||$447.1|
|Mar. 31, 2016||Apr. 2, 2016|
|($ in thousands)|
|Number of shares||1,125,671||1,384,346|
|Rate per share||$0.46||$0.46|
|Capital returned to stockholders||$63,713||$69,844|
|On April 18, 2016, we granted 2,209,135 shares of restricted stock|
|pursuant to our stock incentive plan|
Earnings Conference Call
Stockholders, members of the investment community and the general public are invited to listen to a live Web cast of our earnings release conference call today at 10:00 a.m. Eastern. During this call, Henry J. Herrmann, Chairman and CEO, will review our quarterly results. Live access to the teleconference will be available on the “Investor Relations” section of our Web site at www.waddell.com. A Web cast replay will be made available shortly after the conclusion of the call and accessible for seven days.
Web Site Resources
We invite you to visit the “Investor Relations” section of our Web site at www.waddell.com under the caption “Data Tables” to review supplemental information schedules.
Nicole Russell, VP, Investor Relations, (913) 236-1880, email@example.com
About the Company
Waddell & Reed, Inc., founded in 1937, is one of the oldest mutual fund complexes in the United States, having introduced the Waddell & Reed Advisors Group of Mutual Funds in 1940. Today, we distribute our investment products through the Waddell & Reed Wholesale channel (encompassing broker-dealer, retirement, and registered investment advisors), our Advisors channel (our network of financial advisors), and our Institutional channel (including defined benefit plans, pension plans and endowments, and our subadvisory partnership with Mackenzie in Canada).
Through its subsidiaries, Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc. provides investment management and financial planning services to clients throughout the United States and internationally. Waddell & Reed Investment Management Company serves as investment advisor to the Waddell & Reed Advisors Group of Mutual Funds, Ivy Funds Variable Insurance Portfolios and InvestEd Portfolios, while Ivy Investment Management Company serves as investment advisor to Ivy Funds and investment advisor and global distributor to the Ivy Global Investors Fund SICAV, an umbrella UCITS fund range domiciled in Luxembourg. Waddell & Reed, Inc. serves as principal underwriter and distributor to the Waddell & Reed Advisors Group of Mutual Funds, Ivy Funds Variable Insurance Portfolios and InvestEd Portfolios, while Ivy Funds Distributor, Inc. serves as principal underwriter and distributor to Ivy Funds.
This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which reflect the current views and assumptions of management with respect to future events regarding our business and industry in general. These forward-looking statements include all statements, other than statements of historical fact, regarding our financial position, business strategy and other plans and objectives for future operations, including statements with respect to revenues and earnings, the amount and composition of assets under management, distribution sources, expense levels, redemption rates and the financial markets and other conditions. These statements are generally identified by the use of such words as "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "anticipate," "forecast," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "project," "outlook," "will," "potential" and similar statements of a future or forward-looking nature. Readers are cautioned that any forward-looking information provided by us or on our behalf is not a guarantee of future performance. Actual results may differ materially from those contained in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those discussed below. If one or more events related to these or other risks, contingencies or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may differ materially from those forecasted or expected. Certain important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our expectations are disclosed in the "Risk Factors" section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015, which include, without limitation:
The foregoing factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read together with other cautionary statements included in this and other reports and filings we make with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the information in Item 1 "Business" and Item 1A "Risk Factors" of Part I and Item 7 "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" of Part II to our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015 and as updated in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the year ending December 31, 2016. All forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made and we undertake no duty to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.
1 Net income represents net income attributable to Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.
Source: Waddell & Reed Financial, Inc.