Toggle SGML Header (+)


Section 1: 8-K (8-K)

Document
false0000086312 0000086312 2019-10-22 2019-10-22


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 _______________________________________
 FORM 8-K
 ______________________________________

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 22, 2019
 _______________________________________________
The Travelers Companies, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 _______________________________________________
 
Minnesota
 
001-10898
 
41-0518860
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
485 Lexington Avenue
New York, New York 10017
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(917) 778-6000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)
 _________________________________________________

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
 
            Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
            Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
            Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
            Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol(s)
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, without par value
 
TRV
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
 
Emerging growth company  
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o






Item 2.02.  Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
On October 22, 2019, The Travelers Companies, Inc. (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing the results of the Company’s operations for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, and the availability of the Company’s third quarter financial supplement on the Company’s web site.  The press release and the financial supplement are furnished as Exhibits 99.1 and 99.2 to this Report and are hereby incorporated by reference in this Item 2.02.
 
As provided in General Instruction B.2 of Form 8-K, the information and exhibits contained in this Form 8-K shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, nor shall they be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.
 
Item 9.01.  Financial Statements and Exhibits.
 
(d)                                 Exhibits.
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
99.1
 
 
 
 
99.2
 
 
 
 
101.1
 
Pursuant to Rule 406 of Regulation S-T, the cover page to this Current Report on Form 8-K is formatted in Inline XBRL.
 
 
 
104.1
 
Cover Page Interactive Data File (Embedded within the Inline XBRL document and included in Exhibit 101.1.)






SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, The Travelers Companies, Inc. has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
 
THE TRAVELERS COMPANIES, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date:
October 22, 2019
By
/s/   CHRISTINE K. KALLA
 
 
 
Name: Christine K. Kalla
 
 
 
Executive Vice President and General Counsel


(Back To Top)

Section 2: EX-99.1 (EXHIBIT 99.1)

Exhibit


400532751_g34651mo25i001b12.gifExhibit 99.1
The Travelers Companies, Inc.
485 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10017-2630
www.travelers.com
NYSE: TRV

Travelers Reports Third Quarter 2019 Net Income per Diluted Share of $1.50
and Return on Equity of 6.2%

Third Quarter 2019 Core Income per Diluted Share of $1.43 and Core Return on Equity of 6.5%

Third quarter net income of $396 million and core income of $378 million.
Increasingly challenging tort environment impacted results.
Consolidated combined ratio of 101.5%; underlying combined ratio of 94.1%.
Record net written premiums of $7.569 billion, up 7%, reflecting growth in all segments.
Renewal premium change in Business Insurance of 7.4% at highest level since 2014.
Total capital returned to shareholders of $590 million, including $375 million of share repurchases. Year-to-date total capital returned to shareholders of $1.808 billion, including $1.172 billion of share repurchases.
Book value per share of $99.21, up 14% from year-end 2018. Adjusted book value per share of $90.09, up 3% from year-end 2018.
Board of Directors declared quarterly dividend per share of $0.82.

New York, October 22, 2019 — The Travelers Companies, Inc. today reported net income of $396 million, or $1.50 per diluted share, for the quarter ended September 30, 2019, compared to $709 million, or $2.62 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Core income in the current quarter was $378 million, or $1.43 per diluted share, compared to $687 million, or $2.54 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Core income decreased primarily due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current quarter, including the impact of an increasingly challenging tort environment. Net realized investment gains were $23 million pre-tax ($18 million after-tax), compared to $29 million pre-tax ($22 million after-tax) in the prior year quarter. Per diluted share amounts benefited from the impact of share repurchases.

Consolidated Highlights
($ in millions, except for per share amounts, and after-tax, except for premiums and revenues)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Net written premiums
 
$
7,569

 
$
7,062

 
7
 %
 
$
22,076

 
$
21,017

 
5
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 
$
8,013

 
$
7,723

 
4

 
$
23,518

 
$
22,486

 
5

 
Net income
 
$
396

 
$
709

 
(44
)
 
$
1,749

 
$
1,902

 
(8
)
 
per diluted share
 
$
1.50

 
$
2.62

 
(43
)
 
$
6.59

 
$
6.97

 
(5
)
 
Core income
 
$
378

 
$
687

 
(45
)
 
$
1,670

 
$
1,859

 
(10
)
 
per diluted share
 
$
1.43

 
$
2.54

 
(44
)
 
$
6.29

 
$
6.81

 
(8
)
 
Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
 
261.8

 
268.4

 
(2
)
 
263.4

 
271.1

 
(3
)
 
Combined ratio
 
101.5
%
 
96.6
%
 
4.9

pts
97.9
%
 
96.8
%
 
1.1

pts
Underlying combined ratio
 
94.1
%
 
93.0
%
 
1.1

pts
93.5
%
 
93.0
%
 
0.5

pts
Return on equity
 
6.2
%
 
12.6
%
 
(6.4
)
pts
9.5
%
 
11.1
%
 
(1.6
)
pts
Core return on equity
 
6.5
%
 
12.0
%
 
(5.5
)
pts
9.6
%
 
10.9
%
 
(1.3
)
pts
 
 
As of
 
Change From
 
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2018
 
September 30,
2018
Book value per share
 
$
99.21

 
$
86.84

 
$
84.82

 
14
%
 
17
%
Adjusted book value per share
 
90.09

 
87.27

 
86.51

 
3
%
 
4
%

See Glossary of Financial Measures for definitions and the statistical supplement for additional financial data.

1



“Third quarter core income was $378 million and core return on equity was 6.5%,” said Alan Schnitzer, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. “Despite the impacts of an increasingly challenging tort environment facing our industry and higher non-catastrophe weather-related losses, our underlying underwriting results were solid, benefiting from 4% growth in earned premiums and continued disciplined and thoughtful expense management. Earnings this quarter were impacted by net unfavorable reserve development in Business Insurance. While workers' compensation reserves continued to develop favorably, asbestos reserves developed in an amount comparable to the prior year quarter and general liability and commercial auto reserves developed unfavorably primarily due to the more challenging tort environment. Our high-quality investment portfolio performed well, generating net investment income of $528 million after-tax. In terms of capital management, we returned $590 million of excess capital to our shareholders this quarter, including $375 million through share repurchases, bringing the total capital returned to shareholders so far this year to more than $1.8 billion.
“Turning to the top line, we remain very pleased with the execution of our marketplace strategies. Net written premiums increased by 7% to a record $7.6 billion, with each of our business segments contributing. In Business Insurance, net written premiums increased 7% as we achieved renewal premium change of 7.4%, including renewal rate change of 4.3%, in both cases the highest levels in more than five years. At the same time, we maintained strong retention and grew new business. Given the elevated loss activity, we will continue to actively and thoughtfully seek rate increases. In Bond & Specialty Insurance, net written premiums increased by 13%, with strong production across our Management Liability and Surety businesses. In Personal Insurance, net written premiums increased by 7%, with Agency Auto up 3% and Agency Homeowners up 11%, both benefiting from renewal premium change and strong new business.
“We have a long track record of successfully managing our various businesses to create value over time, including through periods of elevated and volatile weather losses, changing loss trends, economic uncertainty and low interest rates. With insight from leading data and analytics driving our pricing and underwriting, the best claim organization in the industry and deep relationships with our agents and brokers, we will continue to leverage the power of our franchise to deliver industry-leading returns over time.”
Consolidated Results
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Underwriting gain (loss):
 
$
(149
)
 
$
198

 
$
(347
)
 
$
320

 
$
546

 
$
(226
)
 
Underwriting gain (loss) includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable (unfavorable) prior year reserve development
 
(294
)
 
14

 
(308
)
 
(120
)
 
350

 
(470
)
 
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
 
(241
)
 
(264
)
 
23

 
(801
)
 
(1,106
)
 
305

 
Net investment income
 
622

 
646

 
(24
)
 
1,852

 
1,844

 
8

 
Other income (expense), including interest expense
 
(64
)
 
(67
)
 
3

 
(209
)
 
(229
)
 
20

 
Core income before income taxes
 
409

 
777

 
(368
)
 
1,963

 
2,161

 
(198
)
 
Income tax expense
 
31

 
90

 
(59
)
 
293

 
302

 
(9
)
 
Core income
 
378

 
687

 
(309
)
 
1,670

 
1,859

 
(189
)
 
Net realized investment gains after income taxes
 
18

 
22

 
(4
)
 
79

 
43

 
36

 
Net income
 
$
396

 
$
709

 
$
(313
)
 
$
1,749

 
$
1,902

 
$
(153
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Combined ratio
 
101.5
%
 
96.6
 %
 
4.9

pts
97.9
%
 
96.8
 %
 
1.1

pts
Impact on combined ratio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (favorable) unfavorable prior year reserve development
 
4.1

pts
(0.2
)
pts
4.3

pts
0.6

pts
(1.7
)
pts
2.3

pts
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
 
3.3

pts
3.8

pts
(0.5
)
pts
3.8

pts
5.5

pts
(1.7
)
pts
Underlying combined ratio
 
94.1
%
 
93.0
 %
 
1.1

pts
93.5
%
 
93.0
 %
 
0.5

pts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net written premiums
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business Insurance
 
$
3,889

 
$
3,648

 
7
 %
 
$
11,926

 
$
11,423

 
4
 %
 
Bond & Specialty Insurance
 
728

 
644

 
13

 
2,025

 
1,871

 
8

 
Personal Insurance
 
2,952

 
2,770

 
7

 
8,125

 
7,723

 
5

 
Total
 
$
7,569

 
$
7,062

 
7
 %
 
$
22,076

 
$
21,017

 
5
 %
 
 

2



Third Quarter 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. third quarter 2018, unless noted otherwise)

Net income of $396 million decreased $313 million due to lower core income and lower net realized investment gains. Core income of $378 million decreased $309 million, primarily due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current quarter.

Underwriting results: 

The combined ratio of 101.5% increased 4.9 points due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current quarter versus net favorable prior year reserve development in the prior year quarter (4.3 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (1.1 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.5 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 94.1% increased 1.1 points. See below for further details by segment.

Net unfavorable prior year reserve development in Business Insurance included a $220 million increase in asbestos reserves, compared with a $225 million increase in the prior year quarter. Net favorable prior year reserve development occurred in Personal Insurance and Bond & Specialty Insurance. See below for further details by segment. Catastrophe losses primarily resulted from wind and hail storms in several regions of the United States and Hurricane Dorian.

Net investment income of $622 million pre-tax ($528 million after-tax) decreased 4%. Income from the fixed income investment portfolio increased due to a higher average level of fixed maturity investments, as well as slightly higher interest rates. Private equity partnership and real estate partnership returns were strong but lower than in the prior year quarter.

Record net written premiums of $7.569 billion increased 7%, reflecting growth in all segments.

Year-to-Date 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. year-to-date 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Net income of $1.749 billion decreased $153 million due to lower core income, partially offset by higher net realized investment gains. Core income of $1.670 billion decreased $189 million. Core income decreased primarily due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current period versus net favorable prior year reserve development in the prior year period and a lower underlying underwriting gain, partially offset by lower catastrophe losses. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes. Net realized investment gains of $101 million pre-tax ($79 million after-tax) were higher by $47 million pre-tax ($36 million after-tax).

Underwriting results:
 
The combined ratio of 97.9% increased 1.1 points due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current period versus net favorable prior year reserve development in the prior year period (2.3 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (0.5 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (1.7 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 93.5% increased 0.5 points. See below for further details by segment.

Net unfavorable prior year reserve development occurred in Business Insurance. Net favorable prior year reserve development occurred in Personal Insurance and Bond & Specialty Insurance. See below for further details by segment. Catastrophe losses included the third quarter events described above, as well as winter storms and wind storms in several regions of the United States in the first half of 2019.
 
Net investment income of $1.852 billion pre-tax ($1.572 billion after-tax) was comparable to the prior year period. Income from the fixed income investment portfolio increased due to a higher average level of fixed maturity investments, as well as higher long-term and short-term interest rates. Private equity partnership and real estate partnership returns were strong but lower than in the prior year.

Record gross written premiums of $23.685 billion grew 6%, reflecting growth in all segments. Net written premiums of $22.076 billion increased 5%. Growth in net written premiums was impacted by the Underlying Property Aggregate Catastrophe Excess-of-Loss Reinsurance Treaty entered into effective January 1, 2019 (“the new catastrophe

3



reinsurance treaty”), the entire cost of which impacted net written premiums in the first quarter. Accordingly, the treaty did not impact net written premiums in the second or third quarters and will not impact net written premiums in the fourth quarter.

Shareholders’ Equity
 
Shareholders’ equity of $25.607 billion increased 12% from year-end 2018, primarily due to the impact of lower interest rates on net unrealized investment gains (losses). Net unrealized investment gains included in shareholders’ equity were $2.991 billion pre-tax ($2.354 billion after-tax), compared to net unrealized investment losses of $137 million pre-tax ($113 million after-tax) at year-end 2018. Book value per share of $99.21 increased 14% from year-end 2018, also primarily due to the impact of lower interest rates on net unrealized investment gains (losses). Adjusted book value per share of $90.09 increased 3% from year-end 2018.

The Company repurchased 2.5 million shares during the third quarter at an average price of $147.23 per share for a total cost of $375 million. Capacity remaining under the existing share repurchase authorization was $2.161 billion at the end of the quarter. Also at the end of the quarter, statutory capital and surplus was $20.780 billion, and the ratio of debt-to-capital was 20.4%. The ratio of debt-to-capital excluding after-tax net unrealized investment gains included in shareholders’ equity was 22.0%, within the Company’s target range of 15% to 25%.

The Board of Directors declared a quarterly dividend of $0.82 per share. The dividend is payable on December 31, 2019, to shareholders of record at the close of business on December 10, 2019.

Business Insurance Segment Financial Results
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Underwriting gain (loss):
 
$
(284
)
 
$
(36
)
 
$
(248
)
 
$
(282
)
 
$
69

 
$
(351
)
 
Underwriting gain (loss) includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable (unfavorable) prior year reserve development
 
(316
)
 
(56
)
 
(260
)
 
(266
)
 
94

 
(360
)
 
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
 
(116
)
 
(136
)
 
20

 
(422
)
 
(442
)
 
20

 
Net investment income
 
457

 
482

 
(25
)
 
1,365

 
1,368

 
(3
)
 
Other income (expense)
 

 
4

 
(4
)
 
(6
)
 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 
Segment income before income taxes
 
173

 
450

 
(277
)
 
1,077

 
1,434

 
(357
)
 
Income tax expense (benefit)
 
(6
)
 
40

 
(46
)
 
133

 
187

 
(54
)
 
Segment income
 
$
179

 
$
410

 
$
(231
)
 
$
944

 
$
1,247

 
$
(303
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Combined ratio
 
107.0
%
 
100.6
%
 
6.4

pts
102.1
%
 
99.0
 %
 
3.1

pts
Impact on combined ratio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (favorable) unfavorable prior year reserve development
 
8.1

pts
1.5

pts
6.6

pts
2.3

pts
(0.9
)
pts
3.2

pts
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
 
3.0

pts
3.7

pts
(0.7
)
pts
3.7

pts
4.1

pts
(0.4
)
pts
Underlying combined ratio
 
95.9
%
 
95.4
%
 
0.5

pts
96.1
%
 
95.8
 %
 
0.3

pts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net written premiums by market
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Select Accounts
 
$
695

 
$
666

 
4
 %
 
$
2,236

 
$
2,168

 
3
 %
 
Middle Market
 
2,150

 
2,032

 
6

 
6,569

 
6,279

 
5

 
National Accounts
 
273

 
238

 
15

 
800

 
778

 
3

 
National Property and Other
 
553

 
485

 
14

 
1,528

 
1,383

 
10

 
Total Domestic
 
3,671

 
3,421

 
7

 
11,133

 
10,608

 
5

 
International
 
218

 
227

 
(4
)
 
793

 
815

 
(3
)
 
Total
 
$
3,889

 
$
3,648

 
7
 %
 
$
11,926

 
$
11,423

 
4
 %
 
 

4



Third Quarter 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. third quarter 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Business Insurance was $179 million after-tax, a decrease of $231 million. Segment income decreased primarily due to higher net unfavorable prior year reserve development, lower net investment income and a slightly lower underlying underwriting gain, partially offset by lower catastrophe losses. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.

Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 107.0% increased 6.4 points due to higher net unfavorable prior year reserve development (6.6 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (0.5 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.7 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 95.9% increased 0.5 points, primarily driven by the impacts in the quarter of (1) higher loss estimates in the commercial automobile product line and in the general liability product line for primary and excess coverages, including the re-estimation of losses incurred in the first six months of 2019, and (2) the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty, partially offset by (3) lower loss estimates in the workers' compensation product line, including the re-estimation of losses incurred in the first six months of 2019, and (4) a lower underwriting expense ratio.

Net unfavorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by (1) a $220 million increase to asbestos reserves, and higher than expected loss experience in the segment's domestic operations in (2) the general liability product line (excluding the increase to asbestos reserves) for primary and excess coverages for multiple accident years and (3) the commercial automobile product line for recent accident years, partially offset by (4) better than expected loss experience in the segment's domestic operations in the workers’ compensation product line for recent accident years.

Net written premiums of $3.889 billion increased 7%, benefiting from continued strong retention, higher renewal premium change and higher levels of new business.

Year-to-date 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. year-to-date 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Business Insurance was $944 million after-tax, a decrease of $303 million. Segment income decreased primarily due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current period versus net favorable prior year reserve development in the prior year period and a slightly lower underlying underwriting gain, partially offset by lower catastrophe losses. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.
 
Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 102.1% increased 3.1 points due to net unfavorable prior year reserve development in the current period versus net favorable prior year reserve development in the prior year period (3.2 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (0.3 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.4 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 96.1% increased 0.3 points, primarily driven by the impacts of (1) higher loss estimates in the commercial automobile product line and in the general liability product line for primary and excess coverages, (2) the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty and (3) higher non-catastrophe weather-related losses, partially offset by (4) a lower level of domestic large losses, (5) lower loss estimates in the workers' compensation product line and (6) a lower underwriting expense ratio.

Net unfavorable prior year reserve development was primarily driven by (1) higher than expected loss experience in the segment’s domestic operations in the general liability product line (excluding increases to asbestos and environmental reserves) for primary and excess coverages for multiple accident years, including the impact for accident years 2009 and prior of the enactment of legislation by a number of states which extended the statute of limitations for childhood sexual molestation claims, (2) the $220 million increase to asbestos reserves, (3) higher than expected loss experience in the segment's domestic operations in the commercial automobile product line for recent accident years, (4) a $68 million increase to environmental reserves and (5) higher than expected loss experience in the segment's domestic operations in the commercial

5



multi-peril product line for recent accident years, partially offset by better than expected loss experience in the segment's domestic operations in (6) the workers’ compensation product line for multiple accident years and (7) the commercial property product line for recent accident years.

Gross written premiums of $13.194 billion grew 6%, benefiting from the same factors as discussed above for the third quarter 2019. Net written premiums of $11.926 billion increased 4%. Growth in net written premiums was impacted by the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty.

Bond & Specialty Insurance Segment Financial Results
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Underwriting gain:
$
104

 
$
183

 
$
(79
)
 
$
373

 
$
526

 
$
(153
)
 
Underwriting gain includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable prior year reserve development
3

 
53

 
(50
)
 
45

 
177

 
(132
)
 
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
(1
)
 
(4
)
 
3

 
(4
)
 
(9
)
 
5

 
Net investment income
59

 
57

 
2

 
173

 
172

 
1

 
Other income
6

 
4

 
2

 
16

 
13

 
3

 
Segment income before income taxes
169

 
244

 
(75
)
 
562

 
711

 
(149
)
 
Income tax expense
30

 
48

 
(18
)
 
111

 
138

 
(27
)
 
Segment income
$
139

 
$
196

 
$
(57
)
 
$
451

 
$
573

 
$
(122
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Combined ratio
83.3
 %
 
70.2
 %
 
13.1

pts
79.8
 %
 
70.4
 %
 
9.4

pts
Impact on combined ratio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable prior year reserve development
(0.5
)
pts
(8.7
)
pts
8.2

pts
(2.3
)
pts
(9.9
)
pts
7.6

pts
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
0.2

pts
0.6

pts
(0.4
)
pts
0.2

pts
0.5

pts
(0.3
)
pts
Underlying combined ratio
83.6
 %
 
78.3
 %
 
5.3

pts
81.9
 %
 
79.8
 %
 
2.1

pts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net written premiums
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management Liability
$
424

 
$
379

 
12
 %
 
$
1,194

 
$
1,089

 
10
 %
 
Surety
232

 
217

 
7

 
660

 
637

 
4

 
Total Domestic
656

 
596

 
10

 
1,854

 
1,726

 
7

 
International
72

 
48

 
50

 
171

 
145

 
18

 
Total
$
728

 
$
644

 
13
 %
 
$
2,025

 
$
1,871

 
8
 %
 

Third Quarter 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. third quarter 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Bond & Specialty Insurance was $139 million after-tax, a decrease of $57 million. Segment income decreased primarily due to lower net favorable prior year reserve development and a lower underlying underwriting gain. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.
 
Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 83.3% increased 13.1 points due to lower net favorable prior year reserve development (8.2 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (5.3 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.4 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 83.6% remained very strong. The increase of 5.3 points from the prior year quarter included a 2.7 point adjustment in the third quarter of 2019 for management liability coverages, 1.9 points of which related to the re-estimation of losses incurred in the first six months of 2019. The current quarter result compares to a particularly strong prior year quarter.


6



Net favorable prior year reserve development was driven by better than expected loss experience in the domestic general liability product line for management liability coverages for multiple accident years.

Net written premiums of $728 million increased 13%, reflecting continued strong retention, increased levels of renewal premium change and strong new business in management liability and continued strong surety production.

Year-to-Date 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. year-to-date 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Bond & Specialty Insurance was $451 million after-tax, a decrease of $122 million. Segment income decreased primarily due to lower net favorable prior year reserve development and a lower underlying underwriting gain. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.

Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 79.8% increased 9.4 points due to lower net favorable prior year reserve development (7.6 points) and a higher underlying combined ratio (2.1 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.3 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 81.9% remained very strong.

Net favorable prior year reserve development was driven by better than expected loss experience in the domestic general liability product line for management liability coverages for multiple accident years.

Net written premiums of $2.025 billion increased 8% and benefited from the same factors as discussed above for the third quarter 2019.

Personal Insurance Segment Financial Results
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
($ in millions and pre-tax, unless noted otherwise)
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
2019
 
2018
 
Change
 
Underwriting gain (loss):
$
31

 
$
51

 
$
(20
)
 
$
229

 
$
(49
)
 
$
278

 
Underwriting gain (loss) includes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable prior year reserve development
19

 
17

 
2

 
101

 
79

 
22

 
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
(124
)
 
(124
)
 

 
(375
)
 
(655
)
 
280

 
Net investment income
106

 
107

 
(1
)
 
314

 
304

 
10

 
Other income
22

 
17

 
5

 
65

 
48

 
17

 
Segment income before income taxes
159

 
175

 
(16
)
 
608

 
303

 
305

 
Income tax expense
28

 
22

 
6

 
111

 
38

 
73

 
Segment income
$
131

 
$
153

 
$
(22
)
 
$
497

 
$
265

 
$
232

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Combined ratio
98.0
 %
 
97.2
 %
 
0.8

pts
96.2
 %
 
99.9
 %
 
(3.7
)
pts
Impact on combined ratio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net favorable prior year reserve development
(0.7
)
pts
(0.6
)
pts
(0.1
)
pts
(1.3
)
pts
(1.1
)
pts
(0.2
)
pts
Catastrophes, net of reinsurance
4.7

pts
4.9

pts
(0.2
)
pts
4.9

pts
8.9

pts
(4.0
)
pts
Underlying combined ratio
94.0
 %
 
92.9
 %
 
1.1

pts
92.6
 %
 
92.1
 %
 
0.5

pts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net written premiums
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agency (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Automobile
$
1,347

 
$
1,305

 
3
 %
 
$
3,871

 
$
3,746

 
3
 %
 
Homeowners and Other
1,300

 
1,168

 
11

 
3,395

 
3,137

 
8

 
Total Agency
2,647

 
2,473

 
7

 
7,266

 
6,883

 
6

 
Direct to Consumer
115

 
108

 
6

 
313

 
299

 
5

 
Total Domestic
2,762

 
2,581

 
7

 
7,579

 
7,182

 
6

 
International
190

 
189

 
1

 
546

 
541

 
1

 
Total
$
2,952

 
$
2,770

 
7
 %
 
$
8,125

 
$
7,723

 
5
 %
 

7



 
(1) Represents business sold through agents, brokers and other intermediaries, and excludes direct to consumer.

Third Quarter 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. third quarter 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Personal Insurance was $131 million after-tax, a decrease of $22 million. Segment income decreased primarily due to a lower underlying underwriting gain. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.

Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 98.0% increased 0.8 points due to a higher underlying combined ratio (1.1 points), partially offset by lower catastrophe losses (0.2 points) and higher net favorable prior year reserve development (0.1 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 94.0% increased 1.1 points, primarily driven by the impacts of (1) higher non-catastrophe weather-related losses in Agency Homeowners and Other and (2) the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty, mostly impacting Agency Homeowners and Other, partially offset by (3) lower other loss activity.

Net favorable prior year reserve development was driven by better than expected loss experience in domestic homeowners and other and automobile product lines for recent accident years.

Net written premiums of $2.952 billion increased 7%. Agency Automobile net written premiums increased 3%, driven by renewal premium change of 4% and higher levels of new business. Agency Homeowners and Other net written premiums increased 11%, driven by renewal premium change of 7% and higher levels of new business.
 
Year-to-Date 2019 Results
(All comparisons vs. year-to-date 2018, unless noted otherwise)
 
Segment income for Personal Insurance was $497 million after-tax, an increase of $232 million. Segment income increased primarily due to lower catastrophe losses and higher net favorable prior year reserve development, partially offset by a lower underlying underwriting gain. The underlying underwriting gain, while lower, benefited from higher business volumes.
 
Underwriting results:

The combined ratio of 96.2% improved 3.7 points due to lower catastrophe losses (4.0 points) and higher net favorable prior year reserve development (0.2 points), partially offset by a higher underlying combined ratio (0.5 points).

The underlying combined ratio of 92.6% increased 0.5 points, primarily driven by the impacts of (1) higher non-catastrophe weather-related losses in Agency Homeowners and Other and (2) the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty, mostly impacting Agency Homeowners and Other, partially offset by (3) earned pricing that exceeded loss cost trends in Agency Automobile and (4) lower other loss activity.

Net favorable prior year reserve development was driven by better than expected loss experience in domestic automobile and homeowners and other product lines for recent accident years.

Gross written premiums of $8.312 billion grew 6%. Net written premiums of $8.125 billion increased 5%.

Agency Automobile gross written premiums of $3.896 billion grew 3%, driven by renewal premium change of 5% and higher levels of new business. Net written premiums increased 3%.

Agency Homeowners and Other gross written premiums of $3.538 billion grew 11% driven by renewal premium change of 6% and higher levels of new business. Net written premiums increased 8%.

Growth in net written premiums was impacted by the new catastrophe reinsurance treaty.

8




Financial Supplement and Conference Call
 
The information in this press release should be read in conjunction with the financial supplement that is available on our website at www.travelers.com. Travelers management will discuss the contents of this release and other relevant topics via webcast at 9 a.m. Eastern (8 a.m. Central) on Tuesday, October 22, 2019. Investors can access the call via webcast at http://investor.travelers.com or by dialing 1.844.895.1976 within the United States and 1.647.689.5389 outside the United States. Prior to the webcast, a slide presentation pertaining to the quarterly earnings will be available on the Company’s website.

Following the live event, an audio playback of the webcast and the slide presentation will be available on the same website.

About Travelers
 
The Travelers Companies, Inc. (NYSE: TRV) is a leading provider of property casualty insurance for auto, home and business. A component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average, Travelers has approximately 30,000 employees and generated revenues of approximately $30 billion in 2018. For more information, visit www.travelers.com.

Travelers may use its website and/or social media outlets, such as Facebook and Twitter, as distribution channels of material Company information. Financial and other important information regarding the Company is routinely accessible through and posted on our website at http://investor.travelers.com, our Facebook page at https://www.facebook.com/travelers and our Twitter account (@Travelers) at https://twitter.com/travelers. In addition, you may automatically receive email alerts and other information about Travelers when you enroll your email address by visiting the Email Notifications section at http://investor.travelers.com.

Travelers is organized into the following reportable business segments:
 
Business Insurance - Business Insurance offers a broad array of property and casualty insurance and insurance-related services to its customers, primarily in the United States, as well as in Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and throughout other parts of the world as a corporate member of Lloyd’s.

Bond & Specialty Insurance - Bond & Specialty Insurance provides surety, fidelity, management liability, professional liability, and other property and casualty coverages and related risk management services to its customers in the United States and certain specialty insurance products in Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and Brazil, utilizing various degrees of financially-based underwriting approaches.

Personal Insurance - Personal Insurance writes a broad range of property and casualty insurance covering individuals’ personal risks, primarily in the United States, as well as in Canada. The primary products of automobile and homeowners insurance are complemented by a broad suite of related coverages.
 
* * * * *
Forward-Looking Statements
 
This press release contains, and management may make, certain “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements, other than statements of historical facts, may be forward-looking statements. Words such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “likely,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “believes,” “estimates” and similar expressions are used to identify these forward-looking statements. These statements include, among other things, the Company’s statements about:

the Company’s outlook and its future results of operations and financial condition (including, among other things, anticipated premium volume, premium rates, renewal premium changes, underwriting margins and underlying underwriting margins, net and core income, investment income and performance, loss costs, return on equity, core return on equity and expected current returns and combined ratios and underlying combined ratios);
share repurchase plans;
future pension plan contributions;
the sufficiency of the Company’s asbestos and other reserves;
the impact of emerging claims issues as well as other insurance and non-insurance litigation;

9



the potential benefit associated with the Company's ability to recover on its subrogation claims;
the cost and availability of reinsurance coverage;
catastrophe losses;
the impact of investment (including changes in interest rates), economic (including inflation, changes in tax law, changes in commodity prices and fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates) and underwriting market conditions;
strategic and operational initiatives to improve profitability and competitiveness;
the Company’s competitive advantages;
new product offerings;
the impact of new or potential regulations imposed or to be imposed by the United States or other nations, including tariffs or other barriers to international trade; and
the impact of developments in the tort environment, including legislation enacted or to be enacted by states allowing victims of sexual abuse to file or proceed with claims that otherwise would have been time-barred.

The Company cautions investors that such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond the Company’s control, that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking information and statements.

Some of the factors that could cause actual results to differ include, but are not limited to, the following:

catastrophe losses could materially and adversely affect the Company’s results of operations, its financial position and/or liquidity, and could adversely impact the Company’s ratings, the Company’s ability to raise capital and the availability and cost of reinsurance;
if actual claims exceed the Company’s claims and claim adjustment expense reserves, or if changes in the estimated level of claims and claim adjustment expense reserves are necessary, including as a result of, among other things, changes in the legal, regulatory and economic environments in which the Company operates, the Company’s financial results could be materially and adversely affected;
during or following a period of financial market disruption or an economic downturn, the Company’s business could be materially and adversely affected;
the Company’s investment portfolio is subject to credit and interest rate risk, and may suffer reduced or low returns or material realized or unrealized losses;
the Company’s business could be harmed because of its potential exposure to asbestos and environmental claims and related litigation;
the intense competition that the Company faces, and the impact of innovation, technological change and changing customer preferences on the insurance industry and the markets in which it operates, could harm its ability to maintain or increase its business volumes and its profitability;
disruptions to the Company’s relationships with its independent agents and brokers or the Company's inability to manage effectively a changing distribution landscape could adversely affect the Company;
the Company is exposed to, and may face adverse developments involving, mass tort claims such as those relating to exposure to potentially harmful products or substances;
the effects of emerging claim and coverage issues on the Company’s business are uncertain;
the Company may not be able to collect all amounts due to it from reinsurers, reinsurance coverage may not be available to the Company in the future at commercially reasonable rates or at all and we are exposed to credit risk related to our structured settlements;
the Company is also exposed to credit risk in certain of its insurance operations and with respect to certain guarantee or indemnification arrangements that we have with third parties;
within the United States, the Company’s businesses are heavily regulated by the states in which it conducts business, including licensing, market conduct and financial supervision, and changes in regulation may reduce the Company’s profitability and limit its growth;
a downgrade in the Company’s claims-paying and financial strength ratings could adversely impact the Company’s business volumes, adversely impact the Company’s ability to access the capital markets and increase the Company’s borrowing costs;
the inability of the Company’s insurance subsidiaries to pay dividends to the Company’s holding company in sufficient amounts would harm the Company’s ability to meet its obligations, pay future shareholder dividends and/or make future share repurchases;
the Company’s efforts to develop new products, expand in targeted markets or improve business processes and workflows may not be successful and may create enhanced risks;
the Company may be adversely affected if its pricing and capital models provide materially different indications than actual results;

10



the Company’s business success and profitability depend, in part, on effective information technology systems and on continuing to develop and implement improvements in technology, particularly as its business processes become more digital;
if the Company experiences difficulties with technology, data and network security (including as a result of cyber attacks), outsourcing relationships or cloud-based technology, the Company’s ability to conduct its business could be negatively impacted;
the Company is also subject to a number of additional risks associated with its business outside the United States, such as foreign currency exchange fluctuations (including with respect to the valuation of the Company’s foreign investments and interests in joint ventures) and restrictive regulations as well as the risks and uncertainties associated with the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union;
regulatory changes outside of the United States, including in Canada, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland and the European Union, could adversely impact the Company’s results of operations and limit its growth;
loss of or significant restrictions on the use of particular types of underwriting criteria, such as credit scoring, or other data or methodologies, in the pricing and underwriting of the Company’s products could reduce the Company’s future profitability;
acquisitions and integration of acquired businesses may result in operating difficulties and other unintended consequences;
the Company could be adversely affected if its controls designed to ensure compliance with guidelines, policies and legal and regulatory standards are not effective;
the Company’s businesses may be adversely affected if it is unable to hire and retain qualified employees;
intellectual property is important to the Company’s business, and the Company may be unable to protect and enforce its own intellectual property or the Company may be subject to claims for infringing the intellectual property of others;
changes in federal regulation could impose significant burdens on the Company and otherwise adversely impact the Company’s results;
changes in U.S. tax laws or in the tax laws of other jurisdictions where the Company operates could adversely impact the Company; and
the Company’s share repurchase plans depend on a variety of factors, including the Company’s financial position, earnings, share price, catastrophe losses, maintaining capital levels commensurate with the Company’s desired ratings from independent rating agencies, changes in levels of written premiums, funding of the Company’s qualified pension plan, capital requirements of the Company’s operating subsidiaries, legal requirements, regulatory constraints, other investment opportunities (including mergers and acquisitions and related financings), market conditions and other factors.

Our forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release or as of the date they are made, and we undertake no obligation to update forward-looking statements. For a more detailed discussion of these factors, see the information under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our most recent annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on February 14, 2019, as updated by our periodic filings with the SEC.

 *****
GLOSSARY OF FINANCIAL MEASURES AND RECONCILIATIONS OF GAAP MEASURES TO NON-GAAP MEASURES
 
The following measures are used by the Company’s management to evaluate financial performance against historical results, to establish performance targets on a consolidated basis, and for other reasons as discussed below. In some cases, these measures are considered non-GAAP financial measures under applicable SEC rules because they are not displayed as separate line items in the consolidated financial statements or are not required to be disclosed in the notes to financial statements or, in some cases, include or exclude certain items not ordinarily included or excluded in the most comparable GAAP financial measure. Reconciliations of these measures to the most comparable GAAP measures also follow.

In the opinion of the Company’s management, a discussion of these measures provides investors, financial analysts, rating agencies and other financial statement users with a better understanding of the significant factors that comprise the Company’s periodic results of operations and how management evaluates the Company’s financial performance.


11



Some of these measures exclude net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax, and/or net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax, included in shareholders’ equity, which can be significantly impacted by both discretionary and other economic factors and are not necessarily indicative of operating trends.

Other companies may calculate these measures differently, and, therefore, their measures may not be comparable to those used by the Company’s management.
 
RECONCILIATION OF NET INCOME TO CORE INCOME AND CERTAIN OTHER NON-GAAP MEASURES
 
Core income (loss) is consolidated net income (loss) excluding the after-tax impact of net realized investment gains (losses), discontinued operations, the effect of a change in tax laws and tax rates at enactment, and cumulative effect of changes in accounting principles when applicable. Segment income (loss) is determined in the same manner as core income (loss) on a segment basis. Management uses segment income (loss) to analyze each segment’s performance and as a tool in making business decisions. Financial statement users also consider core income (loss) when analyzing the results and trends of insurance companies. Core income (loss) per share is core income (loss) on a per common share basis.

Reconciliation of Net Income to Core Income less Preferred Dividends
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
($ in millions, after-tax)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
396

 
$
709

 
$
1,749

 
$
1,902

Less: Net realized investment gains
 
(18
)
 
(22
)
 
(79
)
 
(43
)
Core income
 
$
378

 
$
687

 
$
1,670

 
$
1,859

 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
($ in millions, pre-tax)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
432

 
$
806

 
$
2,064

 
$
2,215

Less: Net realized investment gains
 
(23
)
 
(29
)
 
(101
)
 
(54
)
Core income
 
$
409

 
$
777

 
$
1,963

 
$
2,161

 
 
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
($ in millions, after-tax)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
2007
 
2006
 
2005
Net income
 
$2,523
 
$2,056
 
$3,014
 
$3,439
 
$3,692
 
$3,673
 
$2,473
 
$1,426
 
$3,216
 
$3,622
 
$2,924
 
$4,601
 
$4,208
 
$1,622
Less: Loss from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(439)
Income from continuing operations
 
2,523
 
2,056
 
3,014
 
3,439
 
3,692
 
3,673
 
2,473
 
1,426
 
3,216
 
3,622
 
2,924
 
4,601
 
4,208
 
2,061
Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net realized investment (gains) losses
 
(93)
 
(142)
 
(47)
 
(2)
 
(51)
 
(106)
 
(32)
 
(36)
 
(173)
 
(22)
 
271
 
(101)
 
(8)
 
(35)
Impact of TCJA at enactment (1)
 
 
129
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Core income
 
2,430
 
2,043
 
2,967
 
3,437
 
3,641
 
3,567
 
2,441
 
1,390
 
3,043
 
3,600
 
3,195
 
4,500
 
4,200
 
2,026
Less: Preferred dividends
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
3
 
3
 
4
 
4
 
5
 
6
Core income, less preferred dividends
 
$2,430
 
$2,043
 
$2,967
 
$3,437
 
$3,641
 
$3,567
 
$2,441
 
$1,389
 
$3,040
 
$3,597
 
$3,191
 
$4,496
 
$4,195
 
$2,020
 (1) Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (TCJA)


12



Reconciliation of Net Income per Share to Core Income per Share on a Basic and Diluted Basis
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Basic income per share
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
1.52

 
$
2.65

 
$
6.65

 
$
7.03

Adjustments:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net realized investment gains, after-tax
 
(0.07
)
 
(0.09
)
 
(0.30
)
 
(0.16
)
Core income
 
$
1.45

 
$
2.56

 
$
6.35

 
$
6.87

Diluted income per share
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
1.50

 
$
2.62

 
$
6.59

 
$
6.97

Adjustments:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net realized investment gains, after-tax
 
(0.07
)
 
(0.08
)
 
(0.30
)
 
(0.16
)
Core income
 
$
1.43

 
$
2.54

 
$
6.29

 
$
6.81


Reconciliation of Segment Income to Total Core Income
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
($ in millions, after-tax)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Business Insurance
 
$
179

 
$
410

 
$
944

 
$
1,247

Bond & Specialty Insurance
 
139

 
196

 
451

 
573

Personal Insurance
 
131

 
153

 
497

 
265

Total segment income
 
449

 
759

 
1,892

 
2,085

Interest Expense and Other
 
(71
)
 
(72
)
 
(222
)
 
(226
)
Total core income
 
$
378

 
$
687

 
$
1,670

 
$
1,859

 
RECONCILIATION OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY TO ADJUSTED SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND CALCULATION OF RETURN ON EQUITY AND CORE RETURN ON EQUITY
 
Adjusted shareholders’ equity is shareholders’ equity excluding net unrealized investment gains (losses), net of tax, included in shareholders’ equity, net realized investment gains (losses), net of tax, for the period presented, the effect of a change in tax laws and tax rates at enactment (excluding the portion related to net unrealized investment gains (losses)), preferred stock and discontinued operations.
 

13



Reconciliation of Shareholders’ Equity to Adjusted Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
As of September 30,
($ in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Shareholders’ equity
 
$
25,607

 
$
22,460

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized investment (gains) losses, net of tax, included in shareholders’ equity
 
(2,354
)
 
447

Net realized investment gains, net of tax
 
(79
)
 
(43
)
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
 
$
23,174

 
$
22,864


 
 
As of December 31,
($ in millions)
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
2007
 
2006
 
2005
Shareholders’ equity
 
$22,894
 
$23,731
 
$23,221
 
$23,598
 
$24,836
 
$24,796
 
$25,405
 
$24,477
 
$25,475
 
$27,415
 
$25,319
 
$26,616
 
$25,135
 
$22,303
Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized investment (gains) losses, net of tax, included in shareholders’ equity
 
113
 
(1,112)
 
(730)
 
(1,289)
 
(1,966)
 
(1,322)
 
(3,103)
 
(2,871)
 
(1,859)
 
(1,856)
 
146
 
(620)
 
(453)
 
(327)
Net realized investment (gains) losses, net of tax
 
(93)
 
(142)
 
(47)
 
(2)
 
(51)
 
(106)
 
(32)
 
(36)
 
(173)
 
(22)
 
271
 
(101)
 
(8)
 
(35)
Impact of TCJA at enactment
 
 
287
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(68)
 
(79)
 
(89)
 
(112)
 
(129)
 
(153)
Loss from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
439
Adjusted shareholders’ equity
 
$22,914
 
$22,764
 
$22,444
 
$22,307
 
$22,819
 
$23,368
 
$22,270
 
$21,570
 
$23,375
 
$25,458
 
$25,647
 
$25,783
 
$24,545
 
$22,227

Return on equity is the ratio of annualized net income (loss) less preferred dividends to average shareholders’ equity for the periods presented. Core return on equity is the ratio of annualized core income (loss) less preferred dividends to adjusted average shareholders’ equity for the periods presented. In the opinion of the Company’s management, these are important indicators of how well management creates value for its shareholders through its operating activities and its capital management.

Average shareholders’ equity is (a) the sum of total shareholders’ equity excluding preferred stock at the beginning and end of each of the quarters for the period presented divided by (b) the number of quarters in the period presented times two. Adjusted average shareholders’ equity is (a) the sum of total adjusted shareholders’ equity at the beginning and end of each of the quarters for the period presented divided by (b) the number of quarters in the period presented times two.
 
Calculation of Return on Equity and Core Return on Equity
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
($ in millions, after-tax)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Annualized net income
 
$
1,585

 
$
2,838

 
$
2,332

 
$
2,536

Average shareholders’ equity
 
25,464

 
22,541

 
24,637

 
22,899

Return on equity
 
6.2
%
 
12.6
%
 
9.5
%
 
11.1
%
Annualized core income
 
$
1,512

 
$
2,746

 
$
2,226

 
$
2,478

Adjusted average shareholders’ equity
 
23,339

 
22,809

 
23,289

 
22,774

Core return on equity
 
6.5
%
 
12.0
%
 
9.6
%
 
10.9
%
 
Average annual core return on equity over a period is the ratio of:
a) the sum of core income less preferred dividends for the periods presented to b) the sum of: 1) the sum of the adjusted average shareholders’ equity for all full years in the period presented, and 2) for partial years in the period presented, the number of quarters in that partial year divided by four, multiplied by the adjusted average shareholders’ equity of the partial year.
 

14



Calculation of Average Annual Core Return on Equity from January 1, 2005 through September 30, 2019
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
($ in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
2009
 
2008
 
2007
 
2006
 
2005
Core income, less preferred dividends
 
$1,670
 
$1,859
 
$2,430
 
$2,043
 
$2,967
 
$3,437
 
$3,641
 
$3,567
 
$2,441
 
$1,389
 
$3,040
 
$3,597
 
$3,191
 
$4,496
 
$4,195
 
$2,020
Annualized core income
 
2,226
 
2,478
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted average shareholders’ equity
 
23,289
 
22,774
 
22,814
 
22,743
 
22,386
 
22,681
 
23,447
 
23,004
 
22,158
 
22,806
 
24,285
 
25,777
 
25,668
 
25,350
 
23,381
 
21,118
Core return on equity
 
9.6%
 
10.9%
 
10.7%
 
9.0%
 
13.3%
 
15.2%
 
15.5%
 
15.5%
 
11.0%
 
6.1%
 
12.5%
 
14.0%
 
12.4%
 
17.7%
 
17.9%
 
9.6%
Average annual core return on equity for the period Jan. 1, 2005 through September 30, 2019
 
12.8%