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Section 1: 8-K



 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 8-K
 
 
 
CURRENT REPORT
PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
Date of report (Date of earliest event reported):  October 7, 2019
 
 
 
BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
 
 
 
     
Virginia
0-22955
54-1838100
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
1801 Bayberry Court, Richmond, Virginia 23226
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (804) 404-9668
 
N/A
(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)
 
 
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  


 


Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement

On October 7, 2019, Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into Subordinated Note Purchase Agreements (collectively, the “Purchase Agreement”) with certain qualified institutional buyers and institutional accredited investors pursuant to which the Company sold and issued $25.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 5.625% fixed-to-floating rate subordinated notes due 2029 (the “Notes”).

The Notes will initially bear interest at 5.625% per annum, beginning October 7, 2019 to but excluding October 15, 2024, payable semi-annually in arrears. From and including October 15, 2024 through October 14, 2029, or up to an early redemption date, the interest rate shall reset quarterly to an interest rate per annum equal to the then current three-month SOFR plus 433.5 basis points, payable quarterly in arrears. Beginning on October 15, 2024 through maturity, the Notes may be redeemed, at the Company’s option, on any scheduled interest payment date. The Notes will mature on October 15, 2029.  The Purchase Agreement contains certain customary representations, warranties and covenants made by the Company, on the one hand, and the Purchasers, severally and not jointly, on the other hand.

If certain events of default occur, such as the bankruptcy of the Company, the holder of a Note may declare the principal amount of the Note to be due and immediately payable. The Notes will be unsecured, subordinated obligations of the Company and will rank junior in right of payment to the Company’s existing and future senior indebtedness. The Notes are not convertible into common stock or preferred stock, and are not callable by the holders.

The Notes have been structured to qualify as Tier 2 capital under bank regulatory guidelines, and the proceeds from the sale of the Notes will be utilized for general corporate purposes, including the potential repayment of the Company’s existing subordinated debt (which debt becomes callable in May 2020) and supporting capital levels at Virginia Commonwealth Bank, the Company’s subsidiary bank.

The Notes were offered and sold in reliance on the exemptions from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Rule 506(b) of Regulation D thereunder.

The foregoing descriptions of the Purchase Agreement and the Notes do not purport to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to the forms of the Purchase Agreement and the Note which are attached hereto as Exhibits 10.1 and 4.1, respectively, and are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

The information set forth under Item 1.01 above is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.03.

Item 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure.

In connection with the offering of the Notes, the Company made presentations to potential investors. The information presented to such potential investors is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K, and is incorporated herein by reference.

The information contained in this Item 7.01, including the information incorporated by reference herein from Exhibit 99.1, shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), or incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.


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Item 8.01 Other Events.

On October 7, 2019, the Company issued a press release regarding the offering of Notes. A copy of the press release is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.2 and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 (d) Exhibits


Exhibit No.
Description
 
     
4.1
Form of Subordinated Note
 
10.1
Form of Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement
 
99.1
Investor presentation
 
99.2
Press Release dated October 7, 2019
 
     








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SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 

 
BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC.
 
       
       
Date:  October 7, 2019
By:
/s/ Judy C. Gavant
 
   
Judy C. Gavant
 
   
Chief Financial Officer
 
       


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Section 2: EX-4.1



Exhibit 4.1
FORM OF SUBORDINATED NOTE
BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC.
5.625% FIXED-TO-FLOATING RATE SUBORDINATED NOTE DUE 2029
THE INDEBTEDNESS EVIDENCED BY THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS NOT A DEPOSIT AND IS NOT INSURED BY THE FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION OR ANY OTHER GOVERNMENT AGENCY OR FUND.
THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS A GLOBAL NOTE WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE PAYING AGENCY AND REGISTRAR AGREEMENT, DATED AS OF OCTOBER 7, 2019 (THE “PAYING AGENT AGREEMENT”), BETWEEN BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC. AND UMB BANK N.A., AS PAYING AGENT AND REGISTRAR, AND IS REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF CEDE & CO AS NOMINEE OF THE DEPOSITORY TRUST COMPANY (“DTC”) OR A NOMINEE OF DTC. THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS EXCHANGEABLE FOR SUBORDINATED NOTES REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF A PERSON OTHER THAN DTC OR ITS NOMINEE ONLY IN THE LIMITED CIRCUMSTANCES DESCRIBED IN THE PAYING AGENT AGREEMENT, AND NO TRANSFER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE (OTHER THAN A TRANSFER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE AS A WHOLE BY DTC TO A NOMINEE OF DTC OR BY A NOMINEE OF DTC TO DTC OR ANOTHER NOMINEE OF DTC) MAY BE REGISTERED EXCEPT IN LIMITED CIRCUMSTANCES SPECIFIED IN THE PAYING AGENT AGREEMENT.
UNLESS THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS PRESENTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC TO THE COMPANY OR ITS AGENT FOR REGISTRATION OF TRANSFER, EXCHANGE, OR PAYMENT, AND ANY SUBORDINATED NOTE ISSUED IS REGISTERED IN THE NAME OF CEDE & CO, OR IN SUCH OTHER NAME AS IS REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC (AND ANY PAYMENT HEREON IS MADE TO CEDE & CO. OR TO SUCH OTHER ENTITY AS IS REQUESTED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE OF DTC), ANY TRANSFER, PLEDGE, OR OTHER USE HEREOF FOR VALUE OR OTHERWISE BY OR TO ANY PERSON IS WRONGFUL INASMUCH AS THE REGISTERED OWNER HEREOF, CEDE & CO., HAS AN INTEREST HEREIN.
TRANSFERS OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE WILL BE LIMITED TO TRANSFERS IN WHOLE, BUT NOT IN PART, TO NOMINEES OF DTC OR A SUCCESSOR THEREOF OR SUCH SUCCESSOR’S NOMINEE AND TRANSFERS OF PORTIONS OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE WILL BE LIMITED TO TRANSFERS MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH RESTRICTIONS SET FORTH IN THE PAYING AGENT AGREEMENT IDENTIFIED HEREIN.
THE INDEBTEDNESS EVIDENCED BY THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS SUBORDINATED AND JUNIOR IN RIGHT OF PAYMENT TO SENIOR INDEBTEDNESS (AS DEFINED IN SECTION 3 OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE) OF BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC. (THE “COMPANY”), INCLUDING OBLIGATIONS OF THE COMPANY TO ITS GENERAL AND SECURED CREDITORS AND IS UNSECURED.  IT IS INELIGIBLE AS COLLATERAL FOR ANY EXTENSION OF CREDIT BY THE COMPANY OR ANY OF ITS SUBSIDIARIES.

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IN THE EVENT OF LIQUIDATION ALL HOLDERS OF SENIOR INDEBTEDNESS OF THE COMPANY SHALL BE ENTITLED TO BE PAID IN FULL WITH SUCH INTEREST AS MAY BE PROVIDED BY LAW BEFORE ANY PAYMENT SHALL BE MADE ON ACCOUNT OF PRINCIPAL OF OR INTEREST ON THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE.  AFTER PAYMENT IN FULL OF ALL SUMS OWING TO SUCH HOLDERS OF SENIOR INDEBTEDNESS, THE HOLDER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE, TOGETHER WITH THE HOLDERS OF ANY OBLIGATIONS OF THE COMPANY RANKING ON A PARITY WITH THE SUBORDINATED NOTES, SHALL BE ENTITLED TO BE PAID FROM THE REMAINING ASSETS OF THE COMPANY THE UNPAID PRINCIPAL AMOUNT OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE PLUS ACCRUED AND UNPAID INTEREST THEREON BEFORE ANY PAYMENT OR OTHER DISTRIBUTION, WHETHER IN CASH, PROPERTY OR OTHERWISE, SHALL BE MADE (I) WITH RESPECT TO ANY OBLIGATION THAT BY ITS TERMS EXPRESSLY IS JUNIOR IN THE RIGHT OF PAYMENT TO THE SUBORDINATED NOTES, (II) ANY INDEBTEDNESS BETWEEN THE COMPANY AND ANY OF ITS SUBSIDIARIES OR AFFILIATES OR (III) ON ACCOUNT OF ANY SHARES OF CAPITAL STOCK OF THE COMPANY.
THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE WILL BE ISSUED AND MAY BE TRANSFERRED ONLY IN MINIMUM DENOMINATIONS OF ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS (U.S.) ($1,000) AND MULTIPLES OF ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS (U.S.) ($1,000) IN EXCESS THEREOF. ANY ATTEMPTED TRANSFER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IN A DENOMINATION OF LESS THAN ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS (U.S.) ($1,000) SHALL BE DEEMED TO BE VOID AND OF NO LEGAL EFFECT WHATSOEVER. ANY SUCH PURPORTED TRANSFEREE SHALL BE DEEMED NOT TO BE THE HOLDER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE FOR ANY PURPOSE, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE RECEIPT OF PAYMENTS ON THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE, AND SUCH PURPORTED TRANSFEREE SHALL BE DEEMED TO HAVE NO INTEREST WHATSOEVER IN THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE.
THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE MAY BE SOLD ONLY IN COMPLIANCE WITH APPLICABLE FEDERAL AND STATE SECURITIES LAWS. THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE HAS NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED (THE “SECURITIES ACT”), OR ANY APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS, OR ANY OTHER APPLICABLE SECURITIES LAWS. NEITHER THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE NOR ANY INTEREST OR PARTICIPATION HEREIN MAY BE REOFFERED, SOLD, ASSIGNED, TRANSFERRED, PLEDGED, ENCUMBERED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF IN THE ABSENCE OF SUCH REGISTRATION OR UNLESS SUCH TRANSACTION IS EXEMPT FROM, OR NOT SUBJECT TO, THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF THE SECURITIES ACT.
CERTAIN ERISA CONSIDERATIONS:
THE HOLDER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE, OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN, BY ITS ACCEPTANCE HEREOF OR THEREOF AGREES, REPRESENTS AND WARRANTS THAT IT IS NOT AN EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN, INDIVIDUAL RETIREMENT ACCOUNT OR OTHER PLAN OR ARRANGEMENT SUBJECT TO TITLE I OF THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974, AS AMENDED (“ERISA”), OR SECTION 4975 OF THE INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1986, AS AMENDED (THE “CODE”) (EACH, A “PLAN”), OR AN ENTITY WHOSE UNDERLYING ASSETS INCLUDE “PLAN ASSETS” BY REASON OF ANY PLAN’S INVESTMENT IN THE ENTITY, AND NO PERSON INVESTING “PLAN ASSETS” OF ANY PLAN MAY ACQUIRE OR HOLD THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN, UNLESS SUCH PURCHASER OR HOLDER IS ELIGIBLE FOR THE EXEMPTIVE RELIEF AVAILABLE UNDER U.S.  DEPARTMENT OF LABOR PROHIBITED TRANSACTION CLASS EXEMPTION 96-23, 95-60, 91-38, 90-1 OR 84-14 OR ANOTHER APPLICABLE EXEMPTION OR ITS PURCHASE AND HOLDING OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE, OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN, ARE NOT PROHIBITED BY SECTION 406 OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE WITH RESPECT TO SUCH PURCHASE AND HOLDING.  ANY PURCHASER OR HOLDER OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN WILL BE DEEMED TO HAVE REPRESENTED BY ITS PURCHASE AND HOLDING THEREOF THAT EITHER: (I) IT IS NOT AN EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN OR OTHER PLAN TO WHICH TITLE I OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE IS APPLICABLE, A TRUSTEE OR OTHER PERSON ACTING ON BEHALF OF ANY SUCH EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN OR OTHER PLAN, OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY USING THE “PLAN ASSETS” OF ANY SUCH PLAN OR OTHER PLAN TO FINANCE SUCH PURCHASE OR (II) SUCH PURCHASE OR HOLDING WILL NOT RESULT IN A PROHIBITED TRANSACTION UNDER SECTION 406 OF ERISA OR SECTION 4975 OF THE CODE FOR WHICH FULL EXEMPTIVE RELIEF IS NOT AVAILABLE UNDER APPLICABLE STATUTORY OR ADMINISTRATIVE EXEMPTION.
ANY FIDUCIARY OF ANY PLAN WHO IS CONSIDERING THE ACQUISITION OF THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN SHOULD CONSULT WITH HIS OR HER LEGAL COUNSEL PRIOR TO ACQUIRING THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE OR ANY INTEREST HEREIN.

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No. [●]CUSIP: [Accredited Investors: 072035 AB4][QIBs: 072035 AA6]

BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC.
5.625% FIXED-TO-FLOATING RATE SUBORDINATED NOTE DUE 2029
1. Subordinated Notes. This Subordinated Note is one of an issue of notes of Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc., a Virginia corporation (the “Company”), designated as the “5.625% Fixed-to-Floating Rate Subordinated Notes due 2029” (the “Subordinated Notes”) issued pursuant to that Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement dated as of the Issue Date (as defined below in Section 4(a)) between the Company and the several purchasers of the Senior Notes identified in the signature pages thereto (the “Purchase Agreement”).
2. Payment. The Company, for value received, promises to pay to Cede & Co., or its registered assigns, as nominee for The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”), the principal sum of [●] Dollars (U.S.) ($[●]), plus accrued but unpaid interest on October 15, 2029 (the “Maturity Date”) and to pay interest thereon (i) from and including the Issue Date of the Subordinated Notes to but excluding October 15, 2024 or the earlier redemption date contemplated by Section 4 of this Subordinated Note (the “Fixed Rate Period”), at the rate of five and six hundred twenty-five thousandths percent (5.625%) per annum, computed on the basis of a 360-day year consisting of twelve 30-day months and payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year (each payment date, a “Fixed Interest Payment Date”), beginning April 15, 2020, and (ii) from and including October 15, 2024 to but excluding the Maturity Date or earlier redemption date contemplated by Section 4 of this Subordinated Note (the “Floating Rate Period”), at the rate per annum, reset quarterly, equal to the Floating Interest Rate (as defined below in Section 2(b)) determined on the second Business Day (as defined below in Section 2(d)) before the first day of the applicable interest period (the “Floating Interest Determination Date”) plus 433.5 basis points, computed on the basis of a 360-day year and the actual number of days elapsed and payable quarterly in arrears (each quarterly period a “Floating Interest Period”) on January 15, April 15, July 15, and October 15 of each year (each payment date, a “Floating Interest Payment Date”). Dollar amounts resulting from this calculation shall be rounded to the nearest cent, with one-half cent being rounded up.
(a) An “Interest Payment Date” is either a Fixed Interest Payment Date or a Floating Interest Payment Date, as applicable.
(b) The “Floating Interest Rate” means:
(i) initially Three-Month Term SOFR (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(22)).
(ii) Notwithstanding the foregoing clause (i) of this Section 2(b):
(1) If the Calculation Agent (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(7)), determines prior to the relevant Floating Interest Determination Date that a Benchmark Transition Event (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(6)) and its related Benchmark Replacement Date (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(5)) have occurred with respect to Three-Month Term SOFR, then the Company shall promptly provide notice of such determination to the Noteholder and Section 2(c) will thereafter apply to all determinations, calculations and quotations made or obtained for the purposes of calculating the Floating Interest Rate payable on the Subordinated Notes during a relevant Floating Interest Period.
(2) However, if the Calculation Agent, determines that a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to Three-Month Term SOFR, but for any reason the Benchmark Replacement (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(2)) has not been determined as of the relevant Floating Interest Determination Date, the Floating Interest Rate for the applicable Floating Interest Period will be equal to the Floating Interest Rate on the last Floating Interest Determination Date for the Subordinated Notes, as determined by the Calculation Agent.
(iii) If the then-current Benchmark (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(1)) is Three-Month Term SOFR and any of the foregoing provisions concerning the calculation of the Floating Interest Rate and the payment of interest during the Floating Rate Period are inconsistent with any of the Three-Month Term SOFR Conventions (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(23)) determined by the Company, then the relevant Three-Month Term SOFR Conventions will apply.
(iv) Notwithstanding any other provision of the Subordinated Notes, in the event that the Floating Interest Rate, as determined in accordance with this Section 2, is less than zero (0) on any Floating Interest Determination Date, the Floating Interest Rate for the immediately following Floating Interest Period shall be deemed to be zero (0).

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(c) Effect of Benchmark Transition Event.
(i) If the Calculation Agent determines that a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred prior to the Reference Time (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(17)) in respect of any determination of the Benchmark on any date, the Benchmark Replacement will replace the then-current Benchmark for all purposes relating to the Subordinated Notes during the relevant Floating Interest Period in respect of such determination on such date and all determinations on all subsequent dates.
(ii) In connection with the implementation of a Benchmark Replacement, the Company will have the right to make Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(4)) from time to time.
(iii) Any determination, decision or election that may be made by the Company or by the Calculation Agent pursuant to the benchmark transition provisions set forth herein, including any determination with respect to a tenor, rate or adjustment or of the occurrence or non-occurrence of an event, circumstance or date, and any decision to take or refrain from taking any action or any selection:
(1) will be conclusive and binding absent manifest error;
(2) if made by the Company, will be made in the Company’s sole discretion;
(3) if made by the Calculation Agent, will be made after consultation with the Company, and the Calculation Agent will not make any such determination, decision or election to which the Company reasonably objects; and
(4) notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Subordinated Note or the Purchase Agreement, shall become effective without consent from the holders of the relevant Subordinated Notes or any other party.
(iv) For the avoidance of doubt, after a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred, interest payable on this Subordinated Note for the Floating Rate Period will be an annual rate equal to the sum of the applicable Benchmark Replacement and the spread specified on the face hereof.
(v) As used in this Subordinated Note:
(1) Benchmark” means, initially, Three-Month Term SOFR; provided that if a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to Three-Month Term SOFR or the then-current Benchmark, then “Benchmark” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement.
(2) Benchmark Replacement” means the Interpolated Benchmark (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(12) with respect to the then-current Benchmark, plus the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(3)) for such Benchmark; provided that if (a) the Calculation Agent cannot determine the Interpolated Benchmark as of the Benchmark Replacement Date or (b) the then-current Benchmark is Three-Month Term SOFR and a Benchmark Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred with respect to Three-Month Term SOFR (in which event no Interpolated Benchmark with respect to Three-Month Term SOFR shall be determined), then “Benchmark Replacement” means the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the  Calculation Agent, as of the Benchmark Replacement Date:
a. Compounded SOFR (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(8));
b. the sum of: (i) the alternate rate of interest that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(18)) as the replacement for the then-current Benchmark for the applicable Corresponding Tenor (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(9)) and (ii) the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
c. the sum of: (i) the ISDA Fallback Rate (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(16)) and (ii) the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
d. the sum of: (i) the alternate rate of interest that has been selected by the Company as the replacement for the then-current Benchmark for the applicable Corresponding Tenor giving due consideration to any industry-accepted rate of interest as a replacement for the then-current Benchmark for U.S. dollar denominated floating rate notes at such time and (ii) the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.

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(3) Benchmark Replacement Adjustment” means the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the Calculation Agent, as of the Benchmark Replacement Date:
a. the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(24));
b. if the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement is equivalent to the ISDA Fallback Rate, then the ISDA Fallback Adjustment (as defined below in Section 2(c)(v)(15));
c. the spread adjustment (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected by the Company giving due consideration to any industry-accepted spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of the then-current Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for U.S. dollar denominated floating rate notes at such time.
(4) Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes” means, with respect to any Benchmark Replacement, any technical, administrative or operational changes (including changes to the definition of “Floating Interest Period,” timing and frequency of determining rates with respect to each Floating Interest Period and making payments of interest, rounding of amounts or tenors and other administrative matters) that the Company decides may be appropriate to reflect the adoption of such Benchmark Replacement in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Company decides that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Company determines that no market practice for use of the Benchmark Replacement exists, in such other manner as the Company determines is reasonably necessary).
(5) Benchmark Replacement Date” means the earliest to occur of the following events with respect to the then-current Benchmark:
a. in the case of clause (a) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the relevant Reference Time in respect of any determination;
b. in the case of clause (b) or (c) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the later of (i) the date of the public statement or publication of information referenced therein and (ii) the date on which the administrator of the Benchmark permanently or indefinitely ceases to provide the Benchmark; or
c. in the case of clause (d) of the definition of “Benchmark Transition Event,” the date of such public statement or publication of information referenced therein.
For the avoidance of doubt, if the event giving rise to the Benchmark Replacement Date occurs on the same day as, but earlier than, the Reference Time in respect of any determination, the Benchmark Replacement Date will be deemed to have occurred prior to the Reference Time for purposes of such determination.
(6) Benchmark Transition Event” means the occurrence of one or more of the following events with respect to the then-current Benchmark:
a. if the Benchmark is Three-Month Term SOFR, (i) the Relevant Governmental Body has not selected or recommended a forward-looking term rate for a tenor of three months based on SOFR, (ii) the development of a forward-looking term rate for a tenor of three months based on SOFR that has been recommended or selected by the Relevant Governmental Body is not complete or (iii) the Company determines that the use of a forward-looking rate for a tenor of three months based on SOFR is not administratively feasible;
b. a public statement or publication of information by or on behalf of the administrator of the Benchmark announcing that such administrator has ceased or will cease to provide the Benchmark, permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide the Benchmark;
c. a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of the Benchmark, the central bank for the currency of the Benchmark, an insolvency official with jurisdiction over the administrator for the Benchmark, a resolution authority with jurisdiction over the administrator for the Benchmark or a court or an entity with similar insolvency or resolution authority over the administrator for the Benchmark, which states that the administrator of the Benchmark has ceased or will cease to provide the Benchmark permanently or indefinitely, provided that, at the time of such statement or publication, there is no successor administrator that will continue to provide the Benchmark; or
d. a public statement or publication of information by the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of the Benchmark announcing that the Benchmark is no longer representative.
(7) Calculation Agent” means such bank or other entity (which may be the Company or an affiliate of the Company) as may be appointed by the Company to act as Calculation Agent for the Subordinated Notes during the Floating Rate Period.

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(8) Compounded SOFR” means the compounded average of SOFRs for the applicable Corresponding Tenor, with the rate, or methodology for this rate, and conventions for this rate being established by the Company in accordance with:
a. the rate, or methodology for this rate, and conventions for this rate selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body for determining compounded SOFR; provided that:
b. if, and to the extent that, the Company or its designee determines that Compounded SOFR cannot be determined in accordance with clause (a) above, then the rate, or methodology for this rate, and conventions for this rate that have been selected by the Company or its designee giving due consideration to any industry-accepted market practice for U.S. dollar denominated floating rate notes at such time.
For the avoidance of doubt, the calculation of Compounded SOFR will exclude the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.
(9) Corresponding Tenor” with respect to a Benchmark Replacement means a tenor (including overnight) having approximately the same length (disregarding Business Day adjustment) as the applicable tenor for the then-current Benchmark.
(10) FRBNY” means the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
(11) FRBNY’s Website” means the website of the FRBNY at http://www.newyorkfed.org, or any successor source.
(12) Interpolated Benchmark” with respect to the Benchmark means the rate determined for the Corresponding Tenor by interpolating on a linear basis between: (1) the Benchmark for the longest period (for which the Benchmark is available) that is shorter than the Corresponding Tenor and (2) the Benchmark for the shortest period (for which the Benchmark is available) that is longer than the Corresponding Tenor.
(13) ISDA” means the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. or any successor thereto.
(14) ISDA Definitions” means the 2006 ISDA Definitions published by the ISDA or any successor thereto, as amended or supplemented from time to time, or any successor definitional booklet for interest rate derivatives published from time to time.
(15) ISDA Fallback Adjustment” means the spread adjustment (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that would apply for derivatives transactions referencing the ISDA Definitions to be determined upon the occurrence of an index cessation event with respect to the Benchmark for the applicable tenor.
(16) ISDA Fallback Rate” means the rate that would apply for derivatives transactions referencing the ISDA Definitions to be effective upon the occurrence of an index cessation date with respect to the Benchmark for the applicable tenor excluding the applicable ISDA Fallback Adjustment.
(17) Reference Time” with respect to any determination of a Benchmark means (1) if the Benchmark is Three-Month Term SOFR, the time determined by the Calculation Agent after giving effect to the Three-Month Term SOFR Conventions, and (2) if the Benchmark is not Three-Month Term SOFR, the time determined by the Calculation Agent after giving effect to the Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes.
(18) Relevant Governmental Body” means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”) and/or the FRBNY, or a committee officially endorsed or convened by the Federal Reserve and/or the FRBNY or any successor thereto.
(19) SOFR” means the daily Secured Overnight Financing Rate provided by the FRBNY, as the administrator of the benchmark (or a successor administrator), on the FRBNY’s Website.
(20) Term SOFR” means the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR that has been selected or recommended by the Relevant Governmental Body.
(21) Term SOFR Administrator” means any entity designated by the Relevant Governmental Body as the administrator of Term SOFR (or a successor administrator).
(22) Three-Month Term SOFR” means the rate for Term SOFR for a tenor of three months that is published by the Term SOFR Administrator at the Reference Time for any Floating Interest Period, as determined by the Calculation Agent after giving effect to the Three-Month Term SOFR Conventions.

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(23) Three-Month Term SOFR Conventions” means any determination, decision or election with respect to any technical, administrative or operational matter (including with respect to the manner and timing of the publication of Three-Month Term SOFR, or changes to the definition of “Floating Interest Period”, timing and frequency of determining Three-Month Term SOFR with respect to each Floating Interest Period and making payments of dividends, rounding of amounts or tenors, and other administrative matters) that the Company decides may be appropriate to reflect the use of Three-Month Term SOFR as the Benchmark in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Company decides that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Company determines that no market practice for the use of Three-Month Term SOFR exists, in such other manner as the Company determines is reasonably necessary).
(24) Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement” means the Benchmark Replacement excluding the Benchmark Replacement Adjustment.
(d) In the event that any Fixed Interest Payment Date during the Fixed Rate Period falls on a day that is not a Business Day, the interest payment due on that date shall be postponed to the next day that is a Business Day and no additional interest shall accrue as a result of that postponement. In the event that any Floating Interest Payment Date during the Floating Rate Period falls on a day that is not a Business Day, the interest payment due on that date shall be postponed to the next day that is a Business Day and interest shall accrue to but excluding the date interest is paid. However, if the postponement would cause the day to fall in the next calendar month during the Floating Interest Period, the Floating Interest Payment Date shall instead be brought forward to the immediately preceding Business Day. The term “Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday or Sunday or any other day on which banking institutions in the Commonwealth of Virginia are generally authorized or required by law or executive order to be closed.
3. Subordination.
(a) The indebtedness of the Company evidenced by this Subordinated Note, including the principal and interest on this Subordinated Note, shall be subordinate and junior in right of payment to the prior payment in full of all existing claims of creditors of the Company and depositors of Virginia Commonwealth Bank (the “Bank”) whether now outstanding or subsequently created, assumed, guaranteed or incurred (collectively, “Senior Indebtedness”), which shall consist of principal of (and premium, if any) and interest, if any, on: (i) all indebtedness and obligations of, or guaranteed or assumed by, the Company for money borrowed, whether or not evidenced by bonds, debentures, securities, notes or other similar instruments, and including, but not limited to, deposits of the Bank, and all obligations to the Company’s general and secured creditors; (ii) any deferred obligations of the Company for the payment of the purchase price of property or assets acquired other than in the ordinary course of business; (iii) all obligations, contingent or otherwise, of the Company in respect of any letters of credit, bankers’ acceptances, security purchase facilities and similar direct credit substitutes; (iv) any capital lease obligations of the Company; (v) all obligations of the Company in respect of interest rate swap, cap or other agreements, interest rate future or option contracts, currency swap agreements, currency future or option contracts, commodity contracts and other similar arrangements or derivative products; (vi) all obligations that are similar to those in clauses (i) through (v) of other persons for the payment of which the Company is responsible or liable as obligor, guarantor or otherwise arising from an off-balance sheet guarantee; (vii) all obligations of the types referred to in clauses (i) through (vi) of other persons secured by a lien on any property or asset of the Company; and (viii) in the case of (i) through (vii) above, all amendments, renewals, extensions, modifications and refunding’s of such indebtedness and obligations; except “Senior Indebtedness” does not include (A) the Subordinated Notes, (B) any obligation that by its terms expressly is junior to, or ranks equally in right of payment with, the Subordinated Notes, or (C) any indebtedness between the Company and any of its subsidiaries or Affiliates.  This Subordinated Note is not secured by any assets of the Company.  The term “Affiliate(s)” means, with respect to any Person (as such term is defined in the Purchase Agreement), such Person’s immediate family members, partners, members or parent and subsidiary corporations, and any other Person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with said Person and their respective Affiliates.
(b) In the event of liquidation of the Company, holders of Senior Indebtedness shall be entitled to be paid in full with such interest as may be provided by law before any payment shall be made on account of principal of or interest on this Subordinated Note.  Additionally, in the event of any insolvency, dissolution, assignment for the benefit of creditors or any liquidation or winding up of or relating to the Company, whether voluntary or involuntary, holders of Senior Indebtedness shall be entitled to be paid in full before any payment shall be made on account of the principal of or interest on the Subordinated Notes, including this Subordinated Note.  In the event of any such proceeding, after payment in full of all sums owing with respect to the Senior Indebtedness, the registered holders of the Subordinated Notes from time to time (each a “Noteholder” and, collectively, the “Noteholders”), together with the holders of any obligations of the Company ranking on a parity with the Subordinated Notes, shall be entitled to be paid from the remaining assets of the Company the unpaid principal thereof, and the unpaid interest thereon before any payment or other distribution, whether in cash, property or otherwise, shall be made (i) with respect to any obligation that by its terms expressly is junior to in the right of payment to the Subordinated Notes, (ii) any indebtedness between the Company and any of its subsidiaries or Affiliates or (iii) on account of any capital stock.
(c) If there shall have occurred and be continuing (i) a default in any payment with respect to any Senior Indebtedness or (ii) an event of default with respect to any Senior Indebtedness as a result of which the maturity thereof is accelerated, unless and until such payment default or event of default shall have been cured or waived or shall have ceased to exist, no payments shall be made by the Company with respect to the Subordinated Notes.  The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to any payment with respect to which the immediately preceding paragraph of this Section 3 would be applicable.
(d) Nothing herein shall act to prohibit, limit or impede the Company from issuing additional debt of the Company having the same rank as the Subordinated Notes or which may be junior or senior in rank to the Subordinated Notes.

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4.
Redemption.
(a) Redemption Prior to Fifth Anniversary.  This Subordinated Note shall not be redeemable by the Company in whole or in part prior to the fifth anniversary of the date upon which this Subordinated Note was originally issued (the “Issue Date”), except in the event of a: (i) Tier 2 Capital Event (as defined below); (ii) Tax Event (as defined below); or (iii) Investment Company Event (as defined below).  Upon the occurrence of a Tier 2 Capital Event, a Tax Event or an Investment Company Event, the Company may redeem this Subordinated Note in whole or in part at any time, upon giving not less than ten (10) days’ notice to the holder of this Subordinated Note at an amount equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the outstanding principal amount being redeemed plus accrued but unpaid interest, to but excluding the redemption date.  “Tier 2 Capital Event” means the receipt by the Company of an opinion of counsel to the Company to the effect that there is a material risk that this Subordinated Note no longer qualifies as “Tier 2” Capital (or its then equivalent) as a result of a change in interpretation or application of law or regulation by any judicial, legislative or regulatory authority that becomes effective after the date of issuance of this Subordinated Note.  “Tax Event” means the receipt by the Company of an opinion of counsel to the Company that as a result of any amendment to, or change (including any final and adopted (or enacted) prospective change) in, the laws (or any regulations thereunder) of the United States or any political subdivision or taxing authority thereof or therein, or as a result of any official administrative pronouncement or judicial decision interpreting or applying such laws or regulations, there is a material risk that interest payable by the Company on the Subordinated Notes is not, or within one hundred twenty (120) days after the receipt of such opinion will not be, deductible by the Company, in whole or in part, for United States federal income tax purposes.  “Investment Company Event” means the receipt by the Company of an opinion of counsel to the Company to the effect that there is a material risk that the Company is or, within one hundred twenty (120) days after the receipt of such opinion will be, required to register as an investment company pursuant to the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
(b) Redemption on or after Fifth Anniversary. On or after the fifth anniversary of the Issue Date, subject to the provisions of Section 4(f) hereof, this Subordinated Note shall be redeemable at the option of and by the Company, in whole or in part from time to time upon any Interest Payment Date, at an amount equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the outstanding principal amount being redeemed plus accrued but unpaid interest, to but excluding the redemption date, but in all cases in a principal amount with integral multiples of One Thousand Dollars (U.S.) ($1,000). In addition, the Company may redeem all or a portion of the Subordinated Notes, at any time upon the occurrence of a Tier 2 Capital Event, Tax Event or an Investment Company Event. The redemption referenced in this Section 4(b) shall be subject to the receipt of any required regulatory approval.
(c) Partial Redemption. If less than the then outstanding principal amount of this Subordinated Note is redeemed, (i) a new Subordinated Note shall be issued representing the unredeemed portion without charge to the holder thereof and (ii) such redemption shall be effected on a pro rata basis as to the Noteholders.  For purposes of clarity, any redemption processed through DTC, shall be made on a “Pro Rata Pass-Through Distribution of Principal” basis, among all of the Subordinated Notes outstanding at the time thereof.
(d) No Redemption at Option of Noteholder. This Subordinated Note is not subject to redemption at the option of the holder of this Subordinated Note.
(e) Effectiveness of Redemption. If notice of redemption has been duly given and notwithstanding that this Subordinated Note has been called for redemption but has not yet been surrendered for cancellation, on and after the date fixed for redemption interest shall cease to accrue on the portion of this Subordinated Note called for redemption, this Subordinated Note shall no longer be deemed outstanding with respect to the portion called for redemption and all rights with respect to the portion of this Subordinated Note called for redemption shall forthwith on such date fixed for redemption cease and terminate unless the Company shall default in the payment of the redemption price, except only the right of the holder hereof to receive the amount payable on such redemption, without interest.
(f) Regulatory Approvals. Any such redemption shall be subject to receipt of any and all required federal and state regulatory approvals or non-objections, including, but not limited to, the consent of the Federal Reserve.  In the case of any redemption of this Subordinated Note pursuant to paragraph (b) of this Section 4, the Company will give the holder hereof notice of redemption, which notice shall indicate the aggregate principal amount of Subordinated Notes to be redeemed, not less than thirty (30) nor more than forty-five (45) calendar days prior to the redemption date.
(g) Purchase and Resale of the Subordinated Notes. Subject to any required federal and state regulatory approvals and the provisions of this Subordinated Note, the Company shall have the right to purchase any of the Subordinated Notes at any time in the open market, private transactions or otherwise. If the Company purchases any Subordinated Notes, it may, in its discretion, hold, resell or cancel any of the purchased Subordinated Notes.
5.
Global Subordinated Notes.
(a) Provided that applicable depository eligibility requirements are met, upon the written election of any Noteholder that is either (i) a Qualified Institutional Buyer, as defined in Rule 144A under the Securities Act, or (ii) an institutional “accredited investor” as defined in Rule 501(a)(1), (2), (3) or (7) under the Securities Act, the Company shall use its commercially reasonable efforts to provide that the Subordinated Notes owned by such Noteholders shall be issued in the form of one or more Global Subordinated Notes (each a “Global Subordinated Note”) registered in the name of DTC or another organization registered as a clearing agency under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), and designated as Depositary by the Company or any successor thereto (the “Depositary”) or a nominee thereof and delivered to such Depositary or a nominee thereof.

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(b) Notwithstanding any other provision herein, no Global Subordinated Note may be exchanged in whole or in part for Subordinated Notes registered, and no transfer of a Global Subordinated Note in whole or in part may be registered, in the name of any person other than the Depositary for such Global Subordinated Note or a nominee thereof unless (i) such Depositary advises the Company in writing that such Depositary is no longer willing or able to properly discharge its responsibilities as Depositary with respect to such Global Subordinated Note, and no qualified successor is appointed by the Company within ninety (90) days of receipt by the Company of such notice, (ii) such Depositary ceases to be a clearing agency registered under the Exchange Act and no successor is appointed by the Company within ninety (90)  days after obtaining knowledge of such event, (iii) the Company elects to terminate the book-entry system through the Depositary or (iv) an Event of Default (as defined in Section 6) shall have occurred and be continuing.  Upon the occurrence of any event specified in clause (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this Section 5(b), the Company or its agent shall notify the Depositary and instruct the Depositary to notify all owners of beneficial interests in such Global Subordinated Note of the occurrence of such event and of the availability of Subordinated Notes to such owners of beneficial interests requesting the same.
(c) If any Global Subordinated Note is to be exchanged for other Subordinated Notes or canceled in part, or if another Subordinated Note is to be exchanged in whole or in part for a beneficial interest in any Global Subordinated Note, then either (i) such Global Subordinated Note shall be so surrendered for exchange or cancellation as provided in this Section 5 or (ii) the principal amount thereof shall be reduced or increased by an amount equal to the portion thereof to be so exchanged or canceled, or equal to the principal amount of such other Subordinated Note to be so exchanged for a beneficial interest therein, as the case may be, by means of an appropriate adjustment made on the records of the Company or, if applicable, the Company’s registrar and transfer agent (“Registrar”), whereupon the Company or, if applicable, the Registrar, in accordance with the applicable rules and procedures of the Depositary (“Applicable Depositary Procedures”), shall instruct the Depositary or its authorized representative to make a corresponding adjustment to its records.  Upon any such surrender or adjustment of a Global Subordinated Note by the Depositary, accompanied by registration instructions, the Company shall execute and deliver any Subordinated Notes issuable in exchange for such Global Subordinated Note (or any portion thereof) in accordance with the instructions of the Depositary.
(d) Every Subordinated Note executed and delivered upon registration of transfer of, or in exchange for or in lieu of, a Global Subordinated Note or any portion thereof shall be executed and delivered in the form of, and shall be, a Global Subordinated Note, unless such Subordinated Note is registered in the name of a person other than the Depositary for such Global Subordinated Note or a nominee thereof.
(e) The Depositary or its nominee, as the registered owner of a Global Subordinated Note, shall be the holder of such Global Subordinated Note for all purposes under this Subordinated Note, and owners of beneficial interests in a Global Subordinated Note shall hold such interests pursuant to Applicable Depositary Procedures. Accordingly, any such owner’s beneficial interest in a Global Subordinated Note shall be shown only on, and the transfer of such interest shall be effected only through, records maintained by the Depositary or its nominee or its Depositary participants.  If applicable, the Registrar shall be entitled to deal with the Depositary for all purposes relating to a Global Subordinated Note (including the payment of principal and interest thereon and the giving of instructions or directions by owners of beneficial interests therein and the giving of notices) as the sole holder of the Subordinated Note and shall have no obligations to the owners of beneficial interests therein.  The Registrar shall have no liability in respect of any transfers affected by the Depositary.
(f) The rights of owners of beneficial interests in a Global Subordinated Note shall be exercised only through the Depositary and shall be limited to those established by law and agreements between such owners and the Depositary and/or its participants.
(g) No holder of any beneficial interest in any Global Subordinated Note held on its behalf by a Depositary shall have any rights with respect to such Global Subordinated Note, and such Depositary may be treated by the Company and any agent of the Company as the owner of such Global Subordinated Note for all purposes whatsoever.  Neither the Company nor any agent of the Company will have any responsibility or liability for any aspect of the records relating to or payments made on account of beneficial ownership interests of a Global Subordinated Note or maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to such beneficial ownership interests. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall prevent the Company or any agent of the Company from giving effect to any written certification, proxy or other authorization furnished by a Depositary or impair, as between a Depositary and such holders of beneficial interests, the operation of customary practices governing the exercise of the rights of the Depositary (or its nominee) as holder of any Subordinated Note.

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(h) Company, within thirty (30) calendar days after the receipt of written notice from the Noteholder or any other holder of the Subordinated Notes of the occurrence of an Event of Default with respect to this Subordinated Note, shall mail to all the Noteholders, at their addresses shown on the Security Register (as defined in Section 14 below), such written notice of Event of Default, unless such Event of Default shall have been cured or waived before the giving of such notice as certified by Company in writing.
6. Events of Default; Acceleration; Compliance Certificate.
Each of the following events shall constitute an “Event of Default”:
(a) the entry of a decree or order for relief in respect of the Company by a court having jurisdiction in the premises in an involuntary case or proceeding under any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, or reorganization law, now or hereafter in effect of the United States or any political subdivision thereof, and such decree or order will have continued unstayed and in effect for a period of sixty (60) consecutive days;
(b) the commencement by the Company of a voluntary case under any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or reorganization law, now or hereafter in effect of the United States or any political subdivision thereof, or the consent by the Company to the entry of a decree or order for relief in an involuntary case or proceeding under any such law;
(c) the Company (i) becomes insolvent or is unable to pay its debts as they mature, (ii) makes an assignment for the benefit of creditors, (iii) admits in writing its inability to pay its debts as they mature or (iv) ceases to be a bank holding company or financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended;
(d) the failure of the Company to pay any installment of interest on any of the Subordinated Notes as and when the same will become due and payable, and the continuation of such failure for a period of fifteen (15) days;
(e) the failure of the Company to pay all or any part of the principal of any of the Subordinated Notes as and when the same will become due and payable;
(f) the liquidation of the Company (for avoidance of doubt, “liquidation” does not include any merger, consolidation, sale of equity or assets or reorganization (exclusive of a reorganization in bankruptcy) of the Company or any of its subsidiaries);
(g) the failure of the Company to perform any other covenant or agreement on the part of the Company contained in the Subordinated Notes or the Purchase Agreement, and the continuation of such failure for a period of thirty (30) days after the date on which notice specifying such failure, stating that such notice is a “Notice of Default” hereunder and demanding that the Company remedy the same, will have been given, in the manner set forth in Section 22, to the Company by a Noteholder; or
(h) the default by the Company under any bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness for money borrowed by the Company having an aggregate principal amount outstanding of at least Fifteen Million Dollars (U.S.) ($15,000,000), whether such indebtedness now exists or is created or incurred in the future, which default (i) constitutes a failure to pay any portion of the principal of such indebtedness when due and payable after the expiration of any applicable grace period or (ii) results in such indebtedness becoming due or being declared due and payable prior to the date on which it otherwise would have become due and payable without, in the case of clause (i), such indebtedness having been discharged or, in the case of clause (ii), without such indebtedness having been discharged or such acceleration having been rescinded or annulled.
Unless the principal of this Subordinated Note already shall have become due and payable, if an Event of Default set forth in Section 6(a) or Section 6(b) above shall have occurred and be continuing, the Noteholder, by notice in writing to the Company, may declare the principal amount of this Subordinated Note to be due and payable immediately and, upon any such declaration the same shall become and shall be immediately due and payable.  The Company waives demand, presentment for payment, notice of nonpayment, notice of protest, and all other notices. Notwithstanding the foregoing, because the Company will treat the Subordinated Notes as Tier 2 Capital, upon the occurrence of an Event of Default other than an Event of Default described in Section 6(a) or Section 6(b), no Noteholder may accelerate the Stated Maturity of the Subordinated Notes and make the principal of, and any accrued and unpaid interest on, the Subordinated Notes, immediately due and payable. The Company, within forty-five (45) calendar days after the receipt of written notice from any Noteholder of the occurrence of an Event of Default with respect to this Subordinated Note, shall mail to all Noteholders, at their addresses shown on the Security Register, such written notice of Event of Default, unless such Event of Default shall have been cured or waived before the giving of such notice as certified by the Company in writing.

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7. Failure to Make Payments. In the event of an Event of Default under Section 6(c), Section 6(d) or Section 6(e) above, the Company will, upon demand of the Noteholder, pay to the Noteholder the amount then due and payable on this Subordinated Note for principal and interest (without acceleration of the Subordinated Note in any manner), with interest on the overdue principal and interest at the per annum rate borne by this Subordinated Note, to the extent permitted by applicable law.  If the Company fails to pay such amount upon such demand, the holder of this Subordinated Note may, among other things, institute a judicial proceeding for the collection of the sums so due and unpaid and such amount as shall be sufficient to cover the reasonable costs and expenses of collection, including the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of such Noteholder, its agents and counsel, may prosecute such proceeding to judgment or final decree and may enforce the same against the Company and collect the amounts adjudged or decreed to be payable in the manner provided by law out of the property of the Company.
Upon the occurrence of a failure by the Company to make any required payment of principal or interest on this Subordinated Note or an Event of Default, until such Event of Default is cured by the Company or waived by the Noteholders in accordance with Section 18 hereof, except as may be required by any federal or state bank regulatory agency, the Company shall not: (a) declare or pay any dividends or distributions on, or redeem, purchase, acquire, or make a liquidation payment with respect to, any of the Company’s capital stock; (b) make any payment of principal or interest or premium, if any, on or repay, repurchase or redeem any indebtedness of the Company that ranks equal with or junior to the Subordinated Notes; or (c) make any payments under any guarantee that ranks equal with or junior to the Subordinated Notes, other than: (i) any dividends or distributions in shares of, or options, warrants or rights to subscribe for or purchase shares of, any class of the Company’s common stock; (ii) any declaration of a non-cash dividend in connection with the implementation of a shareholders’ rights plan, or the issuance of stock under any such plan in the future, or the redemption or repurchase of any such rights pursuant thereto; (iii) as a result of a reclassification of the Company’s capital stock or the exchange or conversion of one class or series of the Company’s capital stock for another class or series of the Company’s capital stock; (iv) the purchase of fractional interests in shares of the Company’s capital stock pursuant to the conversion or exchange provisions of such capital stock or the security being converted or exchanged; or (v) purchases of any class of the Company’s common stock related to the issuance of common stock or rights under any benefit plans for the Company’s directors, officers or employees or any of the Company’s dividend reinvestment plans.
8.
Affirmative Covenants of the Company.
(a) Notice of Certain Events.  The parties agree that prior to any notice or disclosure required by the Company pursuant to this Section 8(a), the Noteholder and the Company shall have executed a non-disclosure agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Noteholder and the Company.
To the extent permitted by applicable statute, rule or regulation, the Company shall provide written notice to the Noteholder of the occurrence of any of the following events as soon as practicable, but in no event later than fifteen (15) Business Days following the Company becoming aware of the occurrence of such event:
(i) The Company becomes less than “well-capitalized” as defined under the then applicable regulatory capital standards or the total risk-based capital ratio, Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio, common equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio or leverage ratio of the Company or any of the Company’s banking subsidiaries becomes less than ten percent (10.0%), eight percent (8.0%) six and one-half percent (6.5%), or five percent (5.0%), respectively, as of the end of any calendar quarter;
(ii) The Company, or any of the Company’s subsidiaries, or any officer of the Company (in such capacity), becomes subject to any formal, written regulatory enforcement action (as defined by the applicable state or federal bank regulatory authority);
(iii) The dollar amount of any nonperforming assets of the Company on a consolidated basis as of the end of a given fiscal quarter as a percentage of the Company’s total loan portfolio exceeds two percent (2%); or
(iv) There is a change in ownership of twenty-five percent (25%) or more of the outstanding securities of the Company entitled to vote for the election of directors.
(b) Payment of Principal and Interest. The Company covenants and agrees for the benefit of the Noteholder that it will duly and punctually pay the principal of, and interest on, this Subordinated Note, in accordance with the terms hereof.
(c) Maintenance of Office. The Company will maintain an office or agency in the Commonwealth of Virginia where Subordinated Notes may be surrendered for registration of transfer or for exchange and where notices and demands to or upon the Company in respect of the Subordinated Notes may be served.
The Company may also from time to time designate one or more other offices or agencies where the Subordinated Notes may be presented or surrendered for any or all such purposes and may from time to time rescind such designations; provided that no such designation or rescission will in any manner relieve the Company of its obligation to maintain an office or agency in the Commonwealth of Virginia.  The Company will give prompt written notice to the Noteholders of any such designation or rescission and of any change in the location of any such other office or agency.

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(d) Corporate Existence. Except as contemplated by Section 9(b), the Company will do or cause to be done all things necessary to preserve and keep in full force and effect: (i) the corporate existence of the Company; (ii) the existence (corporate or other) of each subsidiary; and (iii) the rights (constituent governing documents and statutory), licenses and franchises of the Company and each of its subsidiaries; provided, however, that the Company will not be required to preserve the existence (corporate or other) of any of its subsidiaries or any such right, license or franchise of the Company or any of its subsidiaries if the Board of Directors of the Company determines that the preservation thereof is no longer desirable in the conduct of the business of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole and that the loss thereof will not be disadvantageous in any material respect to the Noteholders.
(e) Maintenance of Properties. The Company will, and will cause each subsidiary to, cause all its properties used or useful in the conduct of its business to be maintained and kept in good condition, repair and working order and supplied with all necessary equipment and will cause to be made all necessary repairs, renewals, replacements, betterments and improvements thereof, all as in the judgment of the Company may be necessary so that the business carried on in connection therewith may be properly and advantageously conducted at all times; provided, however, that nothing in this Section will prevent the Company or any subsidiary from discontinuing the operation and maintenance of any of their respective properties if such discontinuance is, in the reasonable judgment of the Board of Directors of the Company or of any subsidiary, as the case may be, desirable in the conduct of its business.
(f) Waiver of Certain Covenants. The Company may omit in any particular instance to comply with any term, provision or condition set forth in Section 8(b) or Section 8(c) above, with respect to this Subordinated Note if before the time for such compliance the Noteholders of at least a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Subordinated Notes, by act of such Noteholders, either will waive such compliance in such instance or generally will have waived compliance with such term, provision or condition, but no such waiver will extend to or affect such term, provision or condition except to the extent so expressly waived, and, until such waiver will become effective, the obligations of the Company in respect of any such term, provision or condition will remain in full force and effect.
(g) Tier 2 Capital.  If all or any portion of the Subordinated Notes ceases to be deemed to be Tier 2 Capital, other than due to the limitation imposed on the capital treatment of subordinated debt during the five (5) years immediately preceding the Stated Maturity of the Subordinated Notes, the Company will immediately notify the Noteholders and thereafter, if requested by the Company, the Company and the Noteholders will work together in good faith to execute and deliver all agreements as reasonably necessary in order to restructure the applicable portions of the obligations evidenced by the Subordinated Notes to qualify as Tier 2 Capital; provided, however, that nothing contained in this Section 8(g) shall limit the Company’s right to redeem the Subordinated Notes upon the occurrence of a Tier 2 Capital Event pursuant to Section 4(a) or Section 4(b).
(h) Compliance with Laws. The Company shall comply with the requirements of all laws, regulations, orders and decrees applicable to it or its properties, except for such noncompliance that would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect (as such term is defined in the Purchase Agreement) (i) in the condition (financial or otherwise), or in the earnings of the Company, whether or not arising in the ordinary course of business, or (ii) on the ability of the Company to perform its obligations under this Subordinated Note.
(i) Taxes and Assessments. The Company shall punctually pay and discharge all material taxes, assessments, and other governmental charges or levies imposed upon it or upon its income or upon any of its properties; provided, that no such taxes, assessments or other governmental charges need be paid if they are being contested in good faith by the Company.
(j) Financial Statements; Access to Records.
(i) Not later than forty-five (45) days following the end of each of the first three fiscal quarters for which the Company has not timely filed a Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q with the Securities and Exchange Commission, upon request, the Company shall provide the Noteholder with a copy of the Company’s unaudited parent company only balance sheet and statement of income (loss) for and as of the end of such immediately preceding fiscal quarter, prepared in accordance with past practice. Quarterly financial statements, if required herein, shall be unaudited and need not comply with generally accepted accounting principles in effect from time to time in the United States of America (“GAAP”).

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(ii) Not later than ninety (90) days from the end of each fiscal year, upon request the Company shall provide the Noteholder with copies of the Company’s audited financial statements consisting of the consolidated balance sheet of the Company as of the fiscal year end and the related statements of income (loss) and retained earnings, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for the fiscal year then ended.  Such financial statements shall be prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis throughout the period involved.
(iii) In addition to the foregoing Sections 8(j)(i) and (ii), if a Noteholder holds at least twenty-five percent (25%) in aggregate principal amount (excluding any Subordinated Notes held by Company or any of its Affiliates) of the Subordinated Notes at the time outstanding, the Company agrees to furnish to such Noteholder, upon request, with such financial and business information of the Company and the Bank as such Noteholder may reasonably request as may be reasonably necessary or advisable to allow such Noteholder to confirm compliance by the Company with this Subordinated Note; provided, however that, prior to any disclosure by the Company pursuant to this provision, such information shall be subject to an executed non-disclosure agreement in a form reasonably acceptable to the Noteholder and the Company.
(k) Company Statement as to Compliance. The Company will deliver to the Noteholders, within one hundred twenty (120) days after the end of each fiscal year, an Officer’s Certificate covering the preceding fiscal year stating whether or not, to the best of his or her knowledge, the Company is in default in the performance and observance of any of the terms, provisions and conditions of this Subordinated Note (without regard to notice requirements or periods of grace) and if the Company will be in default, specifying all such defaults and the nature and status thereof of which he or she may have knowledge.
9.
Negative Covenants of the Company.
(e) Limitation on Dividends. The Company shall not declare or pay any dividend or make any distribution on capital stock or other equity securities of any kind of the Company if the Company is not “well capitalized” for regulatory purposes immediately prior to the declaration of such dividend or distribution, except for dividends payable solely in shares of common stock of the Company.
(f) Merger or Sale of Assets. The Company shall not merge into another entity, effect a Change in Bank Control (as defined below) or convey, transfer or lease substantially all of its properties and assets to any person, unless:
(i) the continuing entity into which the Company is merged or the person which acquires by conveyance or transfer or which leases substantially all of the properties and assets of the Company shall be a corporation, association or other legal entity organized and existing under the laws of the United States of America, any State thereof or the District of Columbia and expressly assumes the due and punctual payment of the principal of and any premium and interest on the Subordinated Notes according to their terms, and the due and punctual performance of all covenants and conditions hereof on the part of the Company to be performed or observed; and
(ii) immediately after giving effect to such transaction, no Event of Default, and no event which, after notice or lapse of time or both, would become an Event of Default, shall have occurred and be continuing.
Change in Bank Control” means the sale, transfer, lease or conveyance by the Company, or an issuance of equity securities by the Bank other than to the Company, in either case resulting in ownership by the Company of less than fifty percent (50%) of the Bank.
(g) Transfer of Voting Stock. Except as contemplated by Section 9(b), the Company will not, nor will it permit the Bank to, directly or indirectly, sell, assign, transfer or otherwise dispose of any shares of, securities convertible into, or options, warrants or rights to subscribe for or purchase shares of, Voting Stock (as defined below) of the Bank or any successor thereof or any subsidiary of the Company that is a depository institution and that has consolidated assets equal to thirty percent (30%) or more of the Company’s consolidated assets (“Material Subsidiary”), nor will the Company permit the Material Subsidiary to issue any shares of, or securities convertible into, or options, warrants or rights to subscribe for or purchase shares of, Voting Stock of the Material Subsidiary if, in each case, after giving effect to any such transaction and to the issuance of the maximum number of shares of Voting Stock of the Material Subsidiary issuable upon the exercise of all such convertible securities, options, warrants or rights, the Company would cease to own, directly or indirectly, at least eighty percent (80%) of the issued and outstanding Voting Stock of the Material Subsidiary.  “Voting Stock” means outstanding shares of capital stock having voting power for the election of directors, whether at all times or only so long as no senior class of stock has such voting power because of default in dividends or other default.
10. Denominations. The Subordinated Notes are issuable only in registered form without interest coupons in minimum denominations of One Thousand Dollars (U.S.) ($1,000) and integral multiples of One Thousand Dollars (U.S.) ($1,000) in excess thereof.
11. Charges and Transfer Taxes. No service charge will be made for any registration of transfer or exchange of this Subordinated Note, or any redemption or repayment of this Subordinated Note, or any conversion or exchange of this Subordinated Note for other types of securities or property, but the Company may require payment of a sum sufficient to pay all taxes, assessments or other governmental charges that may be imposed in connection with the transfer or exchange of this Subordinated Note from the Noteholder requesting such transfer or exchange.

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12. Payment Procedures. Payment of the principal and interest payable on the Maturity Date will be made by check, by wire transfer or by Automated Clearing House (ACH) transfer in immediately available funds to a bank account in the United States designated by the registered Noteholder if such Noteholder shall have previously provided wire instructions to the Company, upon presentation and surrender of this Subordinated Note at the Payment Office (as defined in Section 22 below) or at such other place or places as the Company shall designate by notice to the registered Noteholders as the Payment Office, provided that this Subordinated Note is presented to the Company in time for the Company to make such payments in such funds in accordance with its normal procedures.  Payments of interest (other than interest payable on the Maturity Date) shall be made on each Interest Payment Date by wire transfer in immediately available funds or check mailed to the registered Noteholder, as such person’s address appears on the Security Register. Interest payable on any Interest Payment Date shall be payable to the Noteholder in whose name this Subordinated Note is registered at the close of business on the fifteenth (15th) calendar day prior to the applicable Interest Payment Date, without regard to whether such date is a Business Day (such date being referred to herein as the “Regular Record Date”), except that interest not paid on the Interest Payment Date, if any, will be paid to the holder in whose name this Subordinated Note is registered at the close of business on a special record date fixed by the Company (a “Special Record Date”), notice of which shall be given to the Noteholder not less than ten (10) calendar days prior to such Special Record Date.  The Regular Record Date and Special Record Date are referred to herein collectively as the “Record Dates.” To the extent permitted by applicable law, interest shall accrue, at the rate at which interest accrues on the principal of this Subordinated Note, on any amount of principal or interest on this Subordinated Note not paid when due. All payments on this Subordinated Note shall be applied first against costs and expenses of the Noteholder, if any, for which the Company is liable under this Subordinated Note; then against interest due hereunder; and then against principal due hereunder. The Noteholder acknowledges and agrees that the payment of all or any portion of the outstanding principal amount of this Subordinated Note and all interest hereon shall be pari passu in right of payment and in all other respects to the other Subordinated Notes. In the event that the Noteholder receives payments in excess of its pro rata share of the Company’s payments to the holders of all of the Subordinated Notes, then the Noteholder shall hold in trust all such excess payments for the benefit of the other Noteholders and shall pay such amounts held in trust to such other holders upon demand by such holders.
13. Form of Payment. Payments of principal of and interest on this Subordinated Note shall be made in such coin or currency of the United States of America as at the time of payment shall be legal tender for the payment of public and private debts.
14. Registration of Transfer, Security Register. Except as otherwise provided herein, this Subordinated Note is transferable in whole or in part, and may be exchanged for a like aggregate principal amount of Subordinated Notes of other authorized denominations, by the Noteholder in person, or by his attorney duly authorized in writing, at the Payment Office or the offices of the Registrar.  The Subordinated Notes will initially be issued in certificated form. The Company or the Registrar shall maintain a register providing for the registration of the Subordinated Notes and any exchange or transfer thereof (the “Security Register”). Upon surrender or presentation of this Subordinated Note for exchange or registration of transfer, the Company or the Registrar shall execute and deliver in exchange therefor a Subordinated Note or Subordinated Notes of like aggregate principal amount, each in a minimum denomination of One Thousand Dollars (U.S.) ($1,000) or any amount in excess thereof which is an integral multiple of One Thousand Dollars (U.S.) ($1,000) (and, in the absence of an opinion of counsel satisfactory to the Company to the contrary, bearing the restrictive legend(s) set forth hereinabove) and that is or are registered in such name or names requested by the Noteholder.  Any Subordinated Note presented or surrendered for registration of transfer or for exchange shall be duly endorsed and accompanied by a written instrument of transfer in such form as is attached hereto and incorporated herein, duly executed by the Noteholder or his attorney duly authorized in writing, with such tax identification number or other information for each person in whose name a Subordinated Note is to be issued, and accompanied by evidence of compliance with any restrictive legend(s) appearing on such Subordinated Note or Subordinated Notes as the Company may reasonably request to comply with applicable law.  No exchange or registration of transfer of this Subordinated Note shall be made on or after the fifteenth (15th) day immediately preceding the Maturity Date.
15. Successors and Assigns. This Subordinated Note shall be binding upon the Company and inure to the benefit of the Noteholder and its respective successors and permitted assigns. The Noteholder may assign all, or any part of, or any interest in, the Noteholder’s rights and benefits hereunder only to the extent and in the manner permitted in the Purchase Agreement. To the extent of any such assignment, such assignee shall have the same rights and benefits against the Company and shall agree to be bound by and to comply with the terms and conditions of the Purchase Agreement as it would have had if it were the Noteholder hereunder.
16. Priority. The Subordinated Notes rank pari passu among themselves and pari passu, in the event of any insolvency proceeding, dissolution, assignment for the benefit of creditors, reorganization, restructuring of debt, marshaling of assets and liabilities or similar proceeding or any liquidation or winding up of the Company, with all other present or future unsecured subordinated debt obligations of the Company, except any unsecured subordinated debt that, pursuant to its express terms, is senior or subordinate in right of payment to the Subordinated Notes.
17. Ownership. Prior to due presentment of this Subordinated Note for registration of transfer, the Company may treat the holder in whose name this Subordinated Note is registered in the Security Register as the absolute owner of this Subordinated Note for receiving payments of principal and interest on this Subordinated Note and for all other purposes whatsoever, whether or not this Subordinated Note be overdue, and the Company shall not be affected by any notice to the contrary.
18. Waiver and Consent.
(a) This Subordinated Note may be amended or waived pursuant to, and in accordance with, the provisions set forth herein. Any such consent or waiver given by the Noteholder shall be conclusive and binding upon such Noteholder and upon all subsequent holders of this Subordinated Note and of any Subordinated Note issued upon the registration of transfer hereof or in exchange therefor or in lieu hereof, whether or not notation of such consent or waiver is made upon this Subordinated Note.  No delay or omission of the Noteholder to exercise any right or remedy accruing upon any Event of Default shall impair such right or remedy or constitute a waiver of any such Event of Default or an acquiescence therein. Any insured depository institution which shall be a Noteholder or which otherwise shall have any beneficial ownership interest in this Subordinated Note shall, by its acceptance of such Subordinated Note (or beneficial interest therein), be deemed to have waived any right of offset with respect to the indebtedness evidenced thereby.

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(b) No waiver or amendment of any term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement in the Subordinated Notes shall be effective except with the consent of the Noteholders holding more than fifty percent (50%) in aggregate principal amount (excluding any Subordinated Notes held by the Company or any of its Affiliates) of the Subordinated Notes at the time outstanding; provided, however, that without the consent of each Noteholder of an affected Subordinated Note, no such amendment or waiver may:  (i) reduce the principal amount of any Subordinated Note; (ii) reduce the rate of or change the time for payment of interest on any Subordinated Note; (iii) extend the maturity of any Subordinated Note; (iv) change the currency in which payment of the obligations of the Company under the Subordinated Notes are to be made; (v) lower the percentage of aggregate principal amount of outstanding Subordinated Notes required to approve any amendment of the Subordinated Notes; (vi) make any changes to Section 6 (Events of Default; Acceleration; Compliance Certificate), Section 7 (Failure to Make Payments), Section 8 (Affirmative Covenants of the Company), or Section 9 (Negative Covenants of the Company) of the Subordinated Notes that adversely affects the rights of any Noteholder; or (vii) disproportionately and adversely affects the rights of any of the Noteholders of the then outstanding Subordinated Notes.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may amend or supplement the Subordinated Notes without the consent of the Noteholders to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency or to provide for uncertificated Subordinated Notes in addition to or in place of certificated Subordinated Notes, or to make any change that does not adversely affect the rights of any Noteholder of any of the Subordinated Notes.  No failure to exercise or delay in exercising, by any Noteholder of the Subordinated Notes, of any right, power or privilege hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, power or privilege preclude any other or further exercise thereof, or the exercise of any other right or remedy provided by law, except as restricted hereby.  The rights and remedies provided in this Subordinated Note are cumulative and not exclusive of any right or remedy provided by law or equity. No notice or demand on the Company in any case shall, in itself, entitle the Company to any other or further notice or demand in similar or other circumstances or constitute a waiver of the rights of the Noteholders to any other or further action in any circumstances without notice or demand.  No consent or waiver, expressed or implied, by the Noteholders to or of any breach or default by the Company in the performance of its obligations hereunder shall be deemed or construed to be a consent or waiver to or of any other breach or default in the performance of the same or any other obligations of the Company hereunder.  Failure on the part of the Noteholders to complain of any acts or failure to act or to declare an Event of Default, irrespective of how long such failure continues, shall not constitute a waiver by the Noteholders of their rights hereunder or impair any rights, powers or remedies on account of any breach or default by the Company.
19. Absolute and Unconditional Obligation of the Company.
(a) No provisions of this Subordinated Note shall alter or impair the obligation of the Company, which is absolute and unconditional, to pay the principal and interest on this Subordinated Note at the times, places and rate, and in the coin or currency, herein prescribed.
(b) No delay or omission of the Noteholder to exercise any right or remedy accruing upon any Event of Default shall impair such right or remedy or constitute a waiver of any such Event of Default or an acquiescence therein.
(c) Any insured depository institution which shall be a Noteholder or which otherwise shall have any beneficial ownership interest in this Subordinated Note shall, by its acceptance of such Note (or beneficial interest therein), be deemed to have waived any right of offset with respect to the indebtedness evidenced thereby.
20. No Sinking Fund; Convertibility. This Subordinated Note is not entitled to the benefit of any sinking fund. This Subordinated Note is not convertible into or exchangeable for any of the equity securities, other securities or assets of the Company or any subsidiary of the Company.
21. No Recourse Against Others. No recourse under or upon any obligation, covenant or agreement contained in this Subordinated Note, or for any claim based thereon or otherwise in respect thereof, will be had against any past, present or future shareholder, employee, officer, or director, as such, of the Company or of any predecessor or successor, either directly or through the Company or any predecessor or successor, under any rule of law, statute or constitutional provision or by the enforcement of any assessment or by any legal or equitable proceeding or otherwise, all such liability being expressly waived and released by the acceptance of this Subordinated Note by the Noteholder and as part of the consideration for the issuance of this Subordinated Note.
22. Notices. All notices to the Company under this Subordinated Note shall be in writing and addressed to the Company at Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc., 1801 Bayberry Court, Suite 101, Richmond, Virginia 23226, Attention: Randal R. Greene, or to such other address as the Company may notify to the Noteholder (the “Payment Office”). All notices to the Noteholders shall be in writing and sent by first-class mail to each Noteholder at his or its address as set forth in the Security Register.
23. Further Issues. The Company may, without the consent of the Noteholders, create and issue additional notes having the same terms and conditions of the Subordinated Notes (except for the Issue Date and issue price) so that such further notes shall be consolidated and form a single series with the Subordinated Notes.
24. Governing Law; Interpretation. THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE WILL BE DEEMED TO BE A CONTRACT MADE UNDER THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK AND WILL BE GOVERNED BY, AND CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH, THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK WITHOUT REGARD TO CONFLICT OF LAW PRINCIPLES THEREOF. THIS SUBORDINATED NOTE IS INTENDED TO MEET THE CRITERIA FOR QUALIFICATION OF THE OUTSTANDING PRINCIPAL AS TIER 2 CAPITAL UNDER THE REGULATORY GUIDELINES OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE, AND THE TERMS HEREOF SHALL BE INTERPRETED IN A MANNER TO SATISFY SUCH INTENT.
[Signature Page Follows]

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has caused this Subordinated Note to be duly executed and attested.
 
Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.
 
       
       
 
By:

 
   
Name: Randal R. Greene
 
   
Title: President and Chief Executive Officer
 
       

ATTEST:
__________________________________
Name: 
Title: 





[Signature Page to Subordinated Note]



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ASSIGNMENT FORM




To assign this Subordinated Note, fill in the form below: (I) or (we) assign and transfer this Subordinated Note to:

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Print or type assignee’s name, address and zip code)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
(Insert assignee’s social security or tax I.D. No.)

and irrevocably appoint ____________________________________________  agent to transfer this Subordinated Note on the books of the Company. The agent may substitute another to act for him.
Date: _____________________          Your signature: _______________________________________________  
(Sign exactly as your name appears on the face of this Subordinated Note)
Tax Identification No: _______________________________________  ____
Signature Guarantee: ________________________________________  _____
(Signatures must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution (banks, stockbrokers, savings and loan associations and credit unions with membership in an approved signature guarantee medallion program), pursuant to Rule 17Ad-15 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)).
The undersigned certifies that it [is / is not] an Affiliate of the Company and that, to its knowledge, the proposed transferee [is / is not] an Affiliate of the Company.
In connection with any transfer or exchange of this Subordinated Note occurring prior to the date that is one year after the later of the date of original issuance of this Subordinated Note and the last date, if any, on which this Subordinated Note was owned by the Company or any Affiliate of the Company, the undersigned confirms that this Subordinated Note is being:
CHECK ONE BOX BELOW:
(1)
acquired for the undersigned’s own account, without transfer;
(2)
transferred to the Company;
(3)
transferred in accordance and in compliance with Rule 144A under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”);
(4)
transferred under an effective registration statement under the Securities Act;
(5)
transferred in accordance with and in compliance with Regulation S under the Securities Act;
(6)
transferred to an institutional “accredited investor” (as defined in Rule 501(a)(1), (2), (3) or (7) under the Securities Act);
(7)
transferred to an “accredited investor” (as defined in Rule 501(a)(4) under the Securities Act), not referred to in item (6) that has been provided with the information designated under Section 4(d) of the Securities Act; or
(8)
transferred in accordance with another available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act.

Unless one of the boxes is checked, the Company will refuse to register this Subordinated Note in the name of any person other than the registered holder thereof; provided, however, that if box (5), (6), (7) or (8) is checked, the Company may require, prior to registering any such transfer of this Subordinated Note, in its sole discretion, such legal opinions, certifications and other information as the Company may reasonably request to confirm that such transfer is being made pursuant to an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the Securities Act such as the exemption provided by Rule 144 under such Act.
Signature:  ________________________________________

Signature Guarantee: ________________________________  ____________________________
(Signatures must be guaranteed by an eligible guarantor institution (banks, stockbrokers, savings and loan associations and credit unions with membership in an approved signature guarantee medallion program), pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 17Ad-l5).
TO BE COMPLETED BY PURCHASER IF BOX (1) OR (3) ABOVE IS CHECKED.
The undersigned represents and warrants that it is purchasing this Subordinated Note for its own account or an account with respect to which it exercises sole investment discretion and that it and any such account is a “qualified institutional buyer” within the meaning of Rule 144A under the Securities Act and is aware that the sale to it is being made in reliance on Rule 144A and acknowledges that it has received such information regarding the Company as the undersigned has requested pursuant to Rule 144A or has determined not to request such information and that it is aware that the transferor is relying upon the undersigned's foregoing representations in order to claim the exemption from registration provided by Rule 144A.












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Section 3: EX-10.1

Exhibit 10.1
FORM OF SUBORDINATED NOTE PURCHASE AGREEMENT
This SUBORDINATED NOTE PURCHASE AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) is dated as of October 7, 2019, and is made by and among Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc., a Virginia corporation (the “Company”), and the several purchasers of the Subordinated Notes identified on the signature pages hereto (each a “Purchaser” and collectively, the “Purchasers”).
RECITALS
WHEREAS, the Company has requested that the Purchasers purchase from the Company up to $25,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of Subordinated Notes (as defined herein), which aggregate amount is intended to qualify as Tier 2 Capital (as defined herein).
WHEREAS, the Company has engaged Sandler O’Neill + Partners, L.P. as its exclusive placement agent (“Placement Agent”) for the offering of the Subordinated Notes.
WHEREAS, each of the Purchasers is an institutional accredited investor as such term is defined in Rule 501 of Regulation D (“Regulation D”) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or a “qualified institutional buyer” as such term is defined in Rule 144A promulgated under the Securities Act.
WHEREAS, the offer and sale of the Subordinated Notes by the Company is being made in reliance upon the exemptions from registration available under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and pursuant to Rule 506(b) of Regulation D.
WHEREAS, each Purchaser is willing to purchase from the Company a Subordinated Note in the principal amount set forth on such Purchaser’s respective signature page hereto (the “Subordinated Note Amount”) in accordance with the terms, subject to the conditions and in reliance on, the recitals, representations, warranties, covenants and agreements set forth herein and in the Subordinated Notes.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual covenants, conditions and agreements herein contained and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:
AGREEMENT
1. DEFINITIONS.
1.1 Defined Terms.  The following capitalized terms used in this Agreement and in the Subordinated Notes have the meanings defined or referenced below.  Certain other capitalized terms used only in specific sections of this Agreement may be defined in such sections.
Affiliate(s)” means, with respect to any Person (as hereinafter defined), such Person’s immediate family members, partners, members or parent and subsidiary corporations, and any other Person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with said Person and their respective Affiliates.
Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the preamble hereto.
Applicable Procedures” means, with respect to any transfer or exchange of or for beneficial interests in any Subordinated Note represented by a global certificate, the rules and procedures of DTC that apply to such transfer or exchange.
Articles” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2.1.2(a).
Bank” means Virginia Commonwealth Bank, a Virginia state-chartered bank and wholly owned subsidiary of the Company.
Business Day” means any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or any other day on which banking institutions in the Commonwealth of Virginia are permitted or required by any applicable law or executive order to close.
Bylaws” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2.1.2(c).
Closing” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.5.
Closing Date” means October 7, 2019.
Company” has the meaning set forth in the preamble hereto and shall include any successors to the Company.
Company Covered Person” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.2.4.

Company’s Reports” means (i) the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, as filed with the SEC; (ii) the Company’s quarterly reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, as filed with the SEC; and (iii) any Current Report on Form 8-K, as filed or furnished by the Company with the SEC since January 1, 2019.
Disbursement” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1.

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Disqualification Event” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.2.4.
DTC” means The Depository Trust Company.
Environmental Laws” means any federal, state, local or foreign statute, law, rule, regulation, ordinance, code, policy or rule of common law or any judicial or administrative interpretation thereof, including any judicial or administrative order, consent, decree or judgment, relating to pollution or protection of human health, the environment (including, without limitation, ambient air, surface water, groundwater, land surface or subsurface strata) or wildlife, including, without limitation, laws and regulations relating to the release or threatened release of Hazardous Materials (as hereinafter defined) or to the manufacture, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport or handling of Hazardous Materials.
Equity Interest” means any and all shares, interests, participations or other equivalents (however designated) of capital stock of a corporation, any and all equivalent ownership interests in a Person which is not a corporation, and any and all warrants, options or other rights to purchase any of the foregoing.
Event of Default” has the meaning set forth in the Subordinated Notes.
Exchange Act” means the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
FDIC” means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in effect from time to time in the United States of America.
Global Note” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1.
Governmental Agency(ies)” means, individually or collectively, any arbitrator, court, governmental body, commission, board, regulatory body, administrative agency or other authority or agency (including, without limitation, each applicable Regulatory Agency (as hereinafter defined)) with jurisdiction over the Company or a Subsidiary (as hereinafter defined) or any of their respective properties, assets or operations.
Governmental Licenses” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.3.
Hazardous Materials” means chemicals, pollutants, contaminants, wastes, toxic or contaminated substances, hazardous substances, petroleum or petroleum products, asbestos-containing materials, mold or similar materials, including, without limitation, any substances which are “hazardous substances,” “hazardous wastes,” “hazardous materials” or “toxic substances” under the Hazardous Materials Laws (as hereinafter defined) and/or other applicable environmental laws, ordinances or regulations.
Hazardous Materials Laws” mean any laws, regulations, permits, licenses or requirements pertaining to the protection, preservation, conservation or regulation of the environment which relates to real property, including, but not limited to:  the Clean Air Act, as amended, 42 U.S.C. Section 7401 et seq.; the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, 33 U.S.C. Section 1251 et seq.; the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976, as amended, 42 U.S.C. Section 6901 et seq.; the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended (including the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986), 42 U.S.C. Section 9601 et seq.; the Toxic Substances Control Act, as amended, 15 U.S.C. Section 2601 et seq.; the Occupational Safety and Health Act, as amended, 29 U.S.C. Section 651, the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986, 42 U.S.C. Section 11001 et seq.; the Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, as amended, 30 U.S.C. Section 801 et seq.; the Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 300f et seq.; and all comparable state and local laws, laws of other jurisdictions or orders and regulations.
Indebtedness” means:  (i) all items arising from the borrowing of money that, according to GAAP as in effect from time to time, would be included in determining total liabilities as shown on the consolidated balance sheet of the Company or any Subsidiary of the Company; and (ii) all obligations secured by any lien in property owned by the Company or any Subsidiary whether or not such obligations shall have been assumed; provided, however, Indebtedness shall not include deposits or other indebtedness created, incurred or maintained in the ordinary course of the Company’s or the Bank’s business (including, without limitation, federal funds purchased, advances from any Federal Home Loan Bank, secured deposits of municipalities, letters of credit issued by the Company or the Bank and repurchase arrangements) and consistent with customary banking practices and applicable laws and regulations.
Leases” means all leases, licenses or other documents providing for the use or occupancy of any portion of any Property (as hereinafter defined), including all amendments, extensions, renewals, supplements, modifications, sublets and assignments thereof and all separate letters or separate agreements relating thereto.
Material Adverse Effect” means, with respect to any Person, any change or effect that (i) is or would be reasonably likely to be material and adverse to the financial condition, results of operations, business, assets or prospects of such Person, or (ii) would materially impair the ability of any Person to perform its respective obligations under any of the Transaction Documents (as defined below), or otherwise materially impede the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby; provided, however, that “Material Adverse Effect” shall not be deemed to include the impact of (1) changes in banking and similar laws, rules or regulations of general applicability or interpretations thereof by Governmental Agencies, (2) changes, subsequent to the date hereof, in GAAP or regulatory accounting requirements applicable to financial institutions and their holding companies generally, (3) changes after the date of this Agreement in general economic or capital market conditions affecting financial institutions or their market prices generally and not specifically related to the Company, the Bank or the Purchasers, (4) direct effects of compliance with this Agreement on the operating performance of the Company, the Bank or the Purchasers, including expenses incurred by the Company, the Bank or the Purchasers in consummating the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, or (5) the effects of any action or omission taken by the Company with the prior written consent of the Purchasers, and vice versa, or as otherwise contemplated by this Agreement and the Subordinated Notes; except to the extent that the effects of such changes in the foregoing (1) through (3) disproportionately affect such Person and its Subsidiaries, to the extent applicable, taken as a whole.

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Maturity Date” means October 15, 2029.
Paying Agency Agreement” means the Paying Agency and Registrar Agreement, dated as of October 7, 2019, between the Company and UMB Bank N.A., as paying agent and registrar.
Paying Agent” means UMB Bank N.A., as paying agent and registrar under the Paying Agency Agreement, or any successor in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Paying Agency Agreement.
Person” means an individual, a corporation (whether or not for profit), a partnership, a limited liability company, a joint venture, an association, a trust, an unincorporated organization, a government or any department or agency thereof (including a Governmental Agency) or any other entity or organization.
Placement Agent” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Property” means any real property owned or leased by the Company or any Affiliate or Subsidiary of the Company.
Purchaser” or “Purchasers” has the meaning set forth in the preamble hereto.
QIB” means a Qualified Institutional Buyer as defined in Rule 144A of the Securities Act.
Regulation D” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Regulatory Agency” means any federal or state agency charged with the supervision or regulation of depository institutions or holding companies of depository institutions, or engaged in the insurance of depository institution deposits, or any court, administrative agency or commission or other authority, body or agency having supervisory or regulatory authority with respect to the Company, the Bank or any of their Subsidiaries.
SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Secondary Market Transaction” has the meaning set forth in Section 5.5.
Securities Act” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Subordinated Note” means the Subordinated Note (or collectively, the “Subordinated Notes”) in the form attached as Exhibit A hereto, as amended, restated, supplemented or modified from time to time, and each Subordinated Note delivered in substitution or exchange for such Subordinated Note.
Subordinated Note Amount” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals.
Subsidiary” means with respect to any Person, any corporation or entity in which a majority of the outstanding Equity Interest is directly or indirectly owned by such Person.
Tier 2 Capital” has the meaning given to the term “Tier 2 capital” in 12 C.F.R. Part 217 and 12 C.F.R. Part 250, as amended, modified and supplemented and in effect from time to time or any replacement thereof.
Transaction Documents” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2.1.1.

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1.2 Interpretations.  The foregoing definitions are equally applicable to both the singular and plural forms of the terms defined.  The words “hereof”, “herein” and “hereunder” and words of like import when used in this Agreement shall refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular provision of this Agreement.  The word “including” when used in this Agreement without the phrase “without limitation,” shall mean “including, without limitation.” All references to time of day herein are references to Eastern Time unless otherwise specifically provided.  All references to this Agreement and Subordinated Notes shall be deemed to be to such documents as amended, modified or restated from time to time.  With respect to any reference in this Agreement to any defined term, (i) if such defined term refers to a Person, then it shall also mean all heirs, legal representatives and permitted successors and assigns of such Person, and (ii) if such defined term refers to a document, instrument or agreement, then it shall also include any amendment, replacement, extension or other modification thereof.
1.3 Exhibits Incorporated.  All Exhibits attached are hereby incorporated into this Agreement.
2. SUBORDINATED DEBT.
2.1 Certain Terms.  Subject to the terms and conditions herein contained, the Company proposes to issue and sell to the Purchasers, severally and not jointly, Subordinated Notes in an aggregate principal amount equal to the aggregate of the Subordinated Note Amounts. The Purchasers, severally and not jointly, each agree to purchase the Subordinated Notes from the Company on the Closing Date in accordance with the terms of, and subject to the conditions and provisions set forth in, this Agreement and the Subordinated Notes. The Subordinated Note Amounts shall be disbursed in accordance with Section 3.1. The Subordinated Notes shall bear interest per annum as set forth in the Subordinated Notes. The unpaid principal balance of the Subordinated Notes plus all accrued but unpaid interest thereon shall be due and payable on the Maturity Date, or such earlier date on which such amount shall become due and payable on account of (i) acceleration by the Purchasers in accordance with the terms of the Subordinated Notes and this Agreement or (ii) the Company’s delivery of a notice of redemption or repayment in accordance with the terms of the Subordinated Notes.
2.2 Subordination.  The Subordinated Notes shall be subordinated in accordance with the subordination provisions set forth therein.
2.3 Maturity Date.  On the Maturity Date, all sums due and owing under this Agreement and the Subordinated Notes shall be repaid in full.  The Company acknowledges and agrees that the Purchasers have not made any commitments, either express or implied, to extend the terms of the Subordinated Notes past their Maturity Date, and shall not extend such terms beyond the Maturity Date unless the Company and the Purchasers hereafter specifically otherwise agree in writing.
2.4 Unsecured Obligations.  The obligations of the Company to the Purchasers under the Subordinated Notes shall be unsecured and not covered by a guarantee of the Company or an Affiliate of the Company.
2.5 The Closing.  The closing of the sale and purchase of the Subordinated Notes (the “Closing”) shall occur at the offices of the Company at 10:00 a.m. (local time) on the Closing Date, or at such other place or time or on such other date as the parties hereto may agree.
2.6 Payments.  The Company agrees that matters concerning payments and application of payments shall be as set forth in this Agreement and in the Subordinated Notes.
2.7 Right of Offset.  Each Purchaser hereby expressly waives any right of offset it may have against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.
2.8 Use of Proceeds. The Company shall use the net proceeds from the sale of Subordinated Notes for general corporate purposes, including the repayment of subordinated debt and supporting capital levels at the Bank.
3. DISBURSEMENT.
3.1 Disbursement.  On the Closing Date, assuming all of the terms and conditions set forth in Section 3.2 have been satisfied by the Company and the Company has executed and delivered to each of the Purchasers this Agreement and such Purchaser’s Subordinated Note and any other related documents in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Purchasers, each Purchaser shall countersign and deliver this Agreement and disburse in immediately available funds the Subordinated Note Amount set forth on each Purchaser’s respective signature page hereto to the Company in exchange for an electronic securities entitlement through the facilities of DTC in accordance with the Applicable Procedures in the Subordinated Note with a principal amount equal to such Subordinated Note Amount (the “Disbursement”).  The Company will deliver to the Paying Agent a global certificate representing the Subordinated Notes (the “Global Note”) registered in the name of Cede & Co., as nominee for DTC.

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3.2 Conditions Precedent to Disbursement.
3.2.1 Conditions to the Purchasers’ Obligation. The obligation of each Purchaser to consummate the purchase of the Subordinated Notes to be purchased by them at Closing and to effect the Disbursement is subject to delivery by or at the direction of the Company to such Purchaser (or, with respect to the Paying Agent Agreement, the Paying Agent) each of the following (or written waiver by such Purchaser prior to the Closing of such delivery):
3.2.1.1 Transaction Documents. This Agreement, the Paying Agent Agreement and the Global Note (collectively, the “Transaction Documents”), each duly authorized and executed by the Company.
3.2.1.2 Authority Documents.
(a)
A copy, certified by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Company, of the Articles of Incorporation of the Company, as amended (the “Articles”);
(b)
A certificate of good standing of the Company issued by the Clerk of the State Corporation Commission of the Commonwealth of Virginia;
(c)
A copy, certified by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Company, of the Bylaws of the Company, as amended (the “Bylaws”);
(d)
A copy, certified by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of Company, of the resolutions of the board of directors of the Company, and any committee thereof, authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of the Transaction Documents;
(e)
An incumbency certificate of the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Company certifying the names of the officer or officers of the Company authorized to sign the Transaction Documents and the other documents provided for in this Agreement; and
(f)
The opinion of Williams Mullen, counsel to the Company, dated as of the Closing Date, substantially in the form set forth at Exhibit B attached hereto addressed to the Purchasers and Placement Agent.
3.2.1.3 Other Documents and Information. Such other additional information regarding the Company, the Bank and any other Subsidiary of the Company and their respective assets, liabilities (including any liabilities arising from, or relating to, legal proceedings) and contracts as as well as other certificates, affidavits, schedules, resolutions, notes and/or other documents which are provided for hereunder or as a Purchaser may reasonably require.
3.2.1.4 Aggregate Investments.  Prior to, or contemporaneously with the Closing, each Purchaser shall have actually subscribed for the Subordinated Note Amount set forth on such Purchaser’s signature page.
3.2.2 Conditions to the Company’s Obligation.
With respect to a given Purchaser, the obligation of the Company to consummate the sale of the Subordinated Notes thereto and to effect the Closing is subject to delivery by or at the direction of such Purchaser to the Company of this Agreement, duly authorized and executed by such Purchaser.

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4. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY.
The Company hereby represents and warrants to each Purchaser as follows:
4.1 Organization and Authority.
4.1.1 Organization Matters of the Company and Its Subsidiaries.
4.1.1.1 The Company is a duly organized corporation, is validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia and has all requisite corporate power and authority to conduct its business and activities as presently conducted, to own, lease and operate its properties, and to perform its obligations under the Transaction Documents. The Company is duly qualified as a foreign corporation to transact business and is in good standing in each other jurisdiction in which such qualification is required, whether by reason of the ownership or leasing of property or the conduct of business, except where the failure so to qualify or to be in good standing would not result in a Material Adverse Effect. The Company is duly registered as a bank holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended.
4.1.1.2 The Bank, VCB Financial Group, Inc., Steptoes Holdings, LLC and Bay Service Company, Inc. are the only direct or indirect Subsidiaries of the Company.  The Bank has been duly chartered and is validly existing as a Virginia-chartered bank and each other Subsidiary has been duly organized and is validly existing under the jurisdiction of its incorporation, in each case in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation, has corporate power and authority to own, lease and operate its properties and to conduct its business and is duly qualified as a foreign corporation to transact business and is in good standing in each jurisdiction in which such qualification is required, whether by reason of the ownership or leasing of property or the conduct of business, except where the failure so to qualify or to be in good standing would not result in a Material Adverse Effect.  All of the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity interests in each Subsidiary of the Company have been duly authorized and validly issued, are fully paid and non-assessable and are owned by the Company, directly or through Subsidiaries of the Company, free and clear of any security interest, mortgage, pledge, lien, encumbrance or claim; none of the outstanding shares of capital stock of, or other Equity Interests in, any Subsidiary of the Company were issued in violation of the preemptive or similar rights of any security holder of such Subsidiary of the Company or any other entity.
4.1.1.3 The deposit accounts of the Bank are insured by the FDIC up to applicable limits. The Bank has not received any notice or other information indicating that the Bank is not an “insured depository institution” as defined in 12 U.S.C. Section 1813, nor has any event occurred which could reasonably be expected to adversely affect the status of Bank as an FDIC-insured institution.
4.1.2 Capital Stock and Related Matters.  The Articles of the Company authorize the Company to issue 30,000,000 shares of common stock and 2,000,000 shares of preferred stock.  As of the date of this Agreement, there are 13,332,484 shares of the Company’s common stock and zero shares of preferred stock issued and outstanding.  All of the outstanding capital stock of the Company has been duly authorized and validly issued and is fully paid and non-assessable.  Other than pursuant to the Company’s equity incentive and other benefit plans duly adopted by the Company’s Board of Directors, as of the date hereof there are no outstanding options, rights, warrants or other agreements or instruments obligating the Company to issue, deliver or sell, or cause to be issued, delivered or sold, additional shares of the capital stock of the Company or obligating the Company to grant, extend or enter into any such agreement or commitment to any Person other than the Company.
4.2 No Impediment to Transactions.
4.2.1 Transaction is Legal and Authorized.  The issuance of the Subordinated Notes, the borrowing of the aggregate of the Subordinated Note Amount, the execution of the Transaction Documents and compliance by the Company with all of the provisions of the Transaction Documents are within the corporate and other powers of the Company.
4.2.2 Agreement and Paying Agent Agreement.  This Agreement and the Paying Agent Agreement have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company, and, assuming due authorization, execution and delivery by the other parties hereto, constitutes the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally or by general equitable principles.
4.2.3 Subordinated NotesThe Subordinated Notes have been duly authorized by the Company and when duly executed, authenticated, issued and delivered to the Purchasers and paid for as provided herein will constitute the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Company, enforceable in accordance with their terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally or by general equitable principles.

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4.2.4 Exemption from Registration; No Disqualification EventNeither the Company, nor any of its Subsidiaries or Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf, has engaged in any form of general solicitation or general advertising (within the meaning of Regulation D) in connection with the offer or sale of the Subordinated Notes.  Assuming the accuracy of the representations and warranties of each Purchaser set forth in this Agreement, the Subordinated Notes will be issued in a transaction exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act.  No “bad actor” disqualifying event described in Rule 506(d)(1)(i)-(viii) of the Securities Act (a “Disqualification Event”) is applicable to the Company or, to the Company’s knowledge, any Person described in Rule 506(d)(1) (each, a “Company Covered Person”).  To the Company’s knowledge, no Company Covered Person is subject to a Disqualification Event.  The Company has complied, to the extent applicable, with its disclosure obligations under Rule 506(e).
4.2.5 No Defaults or Restrictions.  Neither the execution and delivery of the Transaction Documents nor compliance with their respective terms and conditions will (whether with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time or both) (i) violate, conflict with or result in a breach of, or constitute a default under:  (1) the Articles or Bylaws of the Company; (2) any of the terms, obligations, covenants, conditions or provisions of any corporate restriction or of any contract, agreement, indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, bank loan or credit agreement, or any other agreement or instrument to which the Company or the Bank, as applicable, is now a party or by which it or any of its properties may be bound or affected; (3) any judgment, order, writ, injunction, decree or demand of any court, arbitrator, grand jury, or Governmental Agency applicable to the Company or the Bank; or (4) any statute, rule or regulation applicable to the Company, except, in the case of items (2), (3) or (4), for such violations and conflicts that would not, either singularly or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in, a Material Adverse Effect on the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (ii) result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance of any nature whatsoever upon any property or asset of the Company.  Neither the Company nor the Bank is in default in the performance, observance or fulfillment of any of the terms, obligations, covenants, conditions or provisions contained in any indenture or other agreement creating, evidencing or securing Indebtedness of any kind or pursuant to which any such Indebtedness is issued, or any other agreement or instrument to which the Company or the Bank, as applicable, is a party or by which the Company or the Bank, as applicable, or any of its properties may be bound or affected, except, in each case, only such defaults that would not reasonably be expected to have, either singularly or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect on the Company.
4.2.6 Governmental Consent.  No governmental orders, permissions, consents, approvals or authorizations are required to be obtained by the Company that have not been obtained, and no registrations or declarations are required to be filed by the Company that have not been filed in connection with, or, in contemplation of, the execution and delivery of, and performance under, the Transaction Documents, except for applicable requirements, if any, of the Securities Act, the Exchange Act or state securities laws or “blue sky” laws of the various states and any applicable federal or state banking laws and regulations.
4.3 Possession of Licenses and Permits.  The Company and its Subsidiaries possess such permits, licenses, approvals, consents and other authorizations (collectively, “Governmental Licenses”) issued by the appropriate Governmental Agencies necessary to conduct the business now operated by them except where the failure to possess such Governmental Licenses would not, singularly or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company or such applicable Subsidiary. The Company and each Subsidiary of the Company is in compliance with the terms and conditions of all such Governmental Licenses, except where the failure so to comply would not, individually or in the aggregate, have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company or such applicable Subsidiary of the Company. All of the Governmental Licenses are valid and in full force and effect, except where the invalidity of such Governmental Licenses or the failure of such Governmental Licenses to be in full force and effect would not have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company or such applicable Subsidiary of the Company. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary of the Company has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such Governmental Licenses.
4.4 Financial Condition.
4.4.1 Company Financial Statements.  The financial statements of the Company included in the Company’s Reports (including the related notes, where applicable), which have been provided to, or are otherwise publicly available to, the Purchasers (i) have been prepared from, and are in accordance with, the books and records of the Company; (ii) fairly present in all material respects the results of operations, cash flows, changes in stockholders’ equity and financial position of the Company and its consolidated Subsidiaries, for the respective fiscal periods or as of the respective dates therein set forth (subject in the case of unaudited statements to recurring year-end audit adjustments normal in nature and amount), as applicable; (iii) complied as to form, as of their respective dates of filing with the SEC in all material respects with applicable accounting requirements and with the published rules and regulations of the SEC, as applicable, with respect thereto; and (iv) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP consistently applied during the periods involved, except, in each case, as indicated in such statements or in the notes thereto.  The books and records of the Company have been, and are being, maintained in all material respects in accordance with GAAP and any other applicable legal and accounting requirements. The Company does not have any material liability of any nature whatsoever (whether absolute, accrued, contingent or otherwise and whether due or to become due), except for those liabilities that are reflected or reserved against on the consolidated balance sheet of the Company contained in the Company’s Reports for the Company’s most recently completed quarterly or annual fiscal period, as applicable, and for liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice or in connection with this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby.
4.4.2 Absence of Default.  Since the end of the Company’s last fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019, no event has occurred which either of itself or with the lapse of time or the giving of notice or both, would give any creditor of the Company the right to accelerate the maturity of any material Indebtedness of the Company. The Company is not in default under any other Lease, agreement or instrument, or any law, rule, regulation, order, writ, injunction, decree, determination or award, non-compliance with which could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect on the Company.
4.4.3 Solvency.  After giving effect to the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, the Company has capital sufficient to carry on its business and transactions and is solvent and able to pay its debts as they mature.  No transfer of property is being made and no Indebtedness is being incurred in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement with the intent to hinder, delay or defraud either present or future creditors of the Company or any Subsidiary of the Company.

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4.4.4 Ownership of Property.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries has good and marketable title as to all real property owned by it and good title to all assets and properties owned by the Company and such Subsidiary in the conduct of its businesses, whether such assets and properties are real or personal, tangible or intangible, including assets and property reflected in the most recent balance sheet contained in the Company’s Reports or acquired subsequent thereto (except to the extent that such assets and properties have been disposed of in the ordinary course of business, since the date of such balance sheet), subject to no encumbrances, liens, mortgages, security interests or pledges, except (i) those items which secure liabilities for public or statutory obligations or any discount with, borrowing from or other obligations to the Federal Home Loan Bank, inter-bank credit facilities, reverse repurchase agreements or any transaction by the Bank acting in a fiduciary capacity, (ii) statutory liens for amounts not yet delinquent or which are being contested in good faith and (iii) such as do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially affect the value of such property and do not materially interfere with the use made and proposed to be made of such property by the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries, as lessee, has the right under valid and existing Leases of real and personal properties that are material to the Company or such Subsidiary, as applicable, in the conduct of its business to occupy or use all such properties as presently occupied and used by it.  Such existing Leases and commitments to Lease constitute or will constitute operating Leases for both tax and financial accounting purposes and the Lease expense and minimum rental commitments with respect to such Leases and Lease commitments are as disclosed in all material respects in the Company’s Reports.
4.5 No Material Adverse Change.  Since the end of the Company’s last fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2019, there has been no development or event which has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company or any of its Subsidiaries.
4.6 Legal Matters.
4.6.1 Compliance with Law.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries (i) has complied with and (ii) to the Company’s knowledge, is not under investigation with respect to, and has not been threatened to be charged with or given any notice of any material violation of, any applicable statutes, rules, regulations, orders and restrictions of any domestic or foreign government, or any instrumentality or agency thereof, having jurisdiction over the conduct of its business or the ownership of its properties, except where any such failure to comply or violation would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole.  The Company and each of its Subsidiaries is in compliance with, and at all times prior to the date hereof has been in compliance with, (x) all statutes, rules, regulations, orders and restrictions of any domestic or foreign government, or any Governmental Agency applicable to it, and (y) its own privacy policies and written commitments to customers, consumers and employees, concerning data protection, the privacy and security of personal data, and the nonpublic personal information of its customers, consumers and employees, in each case except where any such failure to comply would not result, either individually or in the aggregate, in a Material Adverse Effect. At no time during the two (2) years prior to the date hereof has the Company or any of its Subsidiaries received any written notice asserting any violations of any of the foregoing.
4.6.2 Regulatory Enforcement Actions. The Company, the Bank and its other Subsidiaries are in compliance in all material respects with all laws administered by and regulations of any Governmental Agency applicable to it or to them, the failure to comply with which would have a Material Adverse Effect.  None of the Company, the Bank, the Company’s or the Bank’s Subsidiaries nor any of their officers or directors is now operating under any restrictions, agreements, memoranda, commitment letter, supervisory letter or similar regulatory correspondence, or other commitments (other than restrictions of general application) imposed by any Governmental Agency, nor are, to the Company’s knowledge, (a) any such restrictions threatened, (b) any agreements, memoranda or commitments being sought by any Governmental Agency, or (c) any legal or regulatory violations previously identified by, or penalties or other remedial action previously imposed by, any Governmental Agency remains unresolved.
4.6.3 Pending Litigation.  There are no actions, suits, proceedings or written agreements pending, or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened or proposed, against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries at law or in equity before or by any Governmental Agency, that would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company and any of its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or materially and adversely affect the issuance or payment of the Subordinated Notes; the aggregate of all pending legal or governmental proceedings to which the Company or any such Subsidiary is a party or of which any of their respective properties or assets is the subject, including ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
4.6.4 Environmental.  Except as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (i) neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is in violation of any Environmental Laws, (ii) there are no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened, administrative, regulatory or judicial actions, suits, demands, demand letters, claims, liens, notices of noncompliance or violation, investigations or proceedings relating to any Environmental Law against the Company or any of its Subsidiaries, and (iii) to the knowledge of the Company, there are no events or circumstances that would reasonably be expected to form the basis of an order for clean-up or remediation, or an action, suit or proceeding by any private party or Governmental Entity, against or affecting the Company or any of its Subsidiaries relating to Hazardous Materials or any Environmental Laws. No Property is or, to the Company’s knowledge, has been a site for the use, generation, manufacture, storage, treatment, release, threatened release, discharge, disposal, transportation or presence of any Hazardous Materials and neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries has engaged in such activities.
4.6.5 Brokerage Commissions.  Except for commissions paid to the Placement Agent, neither the Company nor any Affiliate of the Company is obligated to pay any brokerage commission or finder’s fee to any Person in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.
4.6.6 Investment Company Act. The Company is not required, and upon the issuance and sale of the Subordinated Notes and the application of the net proceeds therefrom as herein contemplated will not be required, to register as an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.
4.7 No Misstatement.  No information, exhibit, report, schedule or document furnished by the Company to the Purchasers in connection with the negotiation, execution or performance of this Agreement and none of the representations, warranties, covenants and agreements made in this Agreement or in any certificate or other document delivered to the Purchasers by or on behalf of the Company, when taken together as a whole with the Company’s Reports, contains any untrue statement of a material fact, or omits to state a material fact necessary to make the statements contained therein not misleading in light of the circumstances when made or furnished to the Purchasers, as of the date of this Agreement and as of the Closing Date.

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4.8 Internal Accounting Controls. The Company, the Bank and each other applicable Subsidiary has established and maintains a system of internal control over financial reporting that pertains to the maintenance of records that accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the Company’s assets (on a consolidated basis), provides reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP, and that the Company’s and the Bank’s receipts and expenditures and receipts and expenditures of each of the Company’s other Subsidiaries are being made only in accordance with authorizations of the Company’s management and the Board of Directors, and provides reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of assets of the Company on a consolidated basis that could have a Material Adverse Effect.  Such internal control over financial reporting is effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of the Company’s financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external purposes in accordance with GAAP.  Since the conclusion of the Company’s last completed fiscal year there has not been and there currently is not (i) any significant deficiency or material weakness in the design or operation of its internal control over financial reporting which is reasonably likely to adversely affect its ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information, or (ii) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a role in the Company’s or the Bank’s internal control over financial reporting. The Company (A) has implemented and maintains disclosure controls and procedures reasonably designed and maintained to ensure that material information relating to the Company is made known to the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company by others within the Company and (B) has disclosed, based on its most recent evaluation prior to the date hereof, to the Company’s outside auditors and the audit committee of the Company’s Board of Directors any significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal controls over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.  Such disclosure controls and procedures are effective for the purposes for which they were established.
4.9 Tax Matters. The Company, the Bank and each Subsidiary of the Company have (i) filed all material foreign, U.S. federal, state and local tax returns, information returns and similar reports that are required to be filed, and all such tax returns are true, correct and complete in all material respects, and (ii) paid all material taxes required to be paid by it and any other material assessment, fine or penalty levied against it other than taxes (x) currently payable without penalty or interest, or (y) being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings.
4.10 Representations and Warranties Generally.  The representations and warranties of the Company set forth in this Agreement that do not contain a “Material Adverse Effect” qualification or other express materiality or similar qualification are true and correct in all material respects (i) as of the date hereof, (ii) as of the Closing Date and (iii) as otherwise specifically provided herein.  The representations and warranties of the Company set forth in this Agreement that contain a “Material Adverse Effect” qualification or any other express materiality or similar qualification are true and correct (a) as of the date hereof, (b) as of the Closing Date and (c) as otherwise specifically provided herein.
5. GENERAL COVENANTS, CONDITIONS AND AGREEMENTS.
The Company hereby further covenants and agrees with each Purchaser as follows:
5.1 Compliance with Transaction Documents.  The Company shall comply with, observe and timely perform each and every one of the covenants, agreements and obligations under the Transaction Documents.
5.2 Affiliate Transactions.  The Company shall not itself enter into, nor shall it cause, permit or allow any of its Subsidiaries to enter into, any transaction, including, the purchase, sale or exchange of property or the rendering of any service, with any Affiliate of the Company except in the ordinary course of business and pursuant to the reasonable requirements of the Company’s or such Affiliate’s business and upon terms consistent with applicable laws and regulations and reasonably found by the appropriate board(s) of directors to be fair and reasonable and no less favorable to the Company or such Affiliate than would be obtained in a comparable arm’s length transaction with a Person not an Affiliate.
5.3 Compliance with Laws.
5.3.1 Generally.  The Company shall comply and cause the Bank and each of its other Subsidiaries to comply in all material respects with all applicable statutes, rules, regulations, orders and restrictions in respect of the conduct of its business and the ownership of its properties, except, in each case, where such noncompliance would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company.
5.3.2 Regulated Activities.  The Company shall not itself, nor shall it cause, permit or allow the Bank or any other of its Subsidiaries to, (i) engage in any business or activity not permitted by all applicable laws and regulations, except where such business or activity would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect on the Company, the Bank and/or such of its Subsidiaries or (ii) make any loan or advance secured by the capital stock of another bank or depository institution, or acquire the capital stock, assets or obligations of or any interest in another bank or depository institution, in each case other than in accordance with applicable laws and regulations and safe and sound banking practices.
5.3.3 Taxes.  The Company shall and shall cause the Bank and any other of its Subsidiaries to promptly pay and discharge all taxes, assessments and other governmental charges imposed upon the Company, the Bank or any other of its Subsidiaries or upon the income, profits, or property of the Company or any Subsidiary and all claims for labor, material or supplies which, if unpaid, might by law become a lien or charge upon the property of the Company, the Bank or any other of its Subsidiaries.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of the Company, the Bank or any other of its Subsidiaries shall be required to pay any such tax, assessment, charge or claim, so long as the validity thereof shall be contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings, and appropriate reserves therefor shall be maintained on the books of the Company, the Bank and such other Subsidiary.
5.3.4 Corporate Existence.  The Company shall do or cause to be done all things reasonably necessary to maintain, preserve and renew its corporate existence and that of the Bank and the other Subsidiaries and its and their rights and franchises, and comply in all material respects with all related laws applicable to the Company, the Bank or the other Subsidiaries; provided, however, that the Company may consummate the transactions described in Section 9(b) of the Subordinated Notes in accordance with the provisions of that section.

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5.3.5 Dividends, Payments, and Guarantees During Event of Default.  Upon the occurrence of an Event of Default (as defined under the Subordinated Notes) until such Event of Default is cured by the Company or waived by the Noteholders (as defined under the Subordinated Notes) in accordance with Section 18 of the Subordinated Notes, except as required by any federal or state Governmental Agency, the Company shall not (a) declare or pay any dividends or distributions on, or redeem, purchase, acquire or make a liquidation payment with respect to, any of the Company’s capital stock; (b) make any payment of principal or interest or premium, if any, on or repay, repurchase or redeem any debt of the Company that ranks equal with or junior to the Subordinated Notes; or (c) make any payments under any guarantee that ranks equal with or junior to the Subordinated Notes, other than (i) any dividends or distributions in shares of, or options, warrants or rights to subscribe for or purchase shares of, any class of the Company’s common stock; (ii) any declaration of a non-cash dividend in connection with the implementation of a shareholders’ rights plan, or the issuance of stock under any such plan in the future, or the redemption or repurchase of any such rights pursuant thereto; (iii) as a result of a reclassification of the Company’s capital stock or the exchange or conversion of one class or series of the Company’s capital stock for another class or series of the Company’s capital stock; (iv) the purchase of fractional interests in shares of the Company’s capital stock pursuant to the conversion or exchange provisions of such capital stock or the security being converted or exchanged; or (v) purchases of any class of the Company’s common stock related to the issuance of common stock or rights under any benefit plans for the Company’s directors, officers or employees or any of the Company’s dividend reinvestment plans.
5.3.6 Tier 2 Capital.  If all or any portion of the Subordinated Notes ceases to be deemed to be Tier 2 Capital, other than due to the limitation imposed on the capital treatment of subordinated debt during the five (5) years immediately preceding the Maturity Date of the Subordinated Notes, the Company will immediately notify the Noteholder (as defined in the Subordinated Notes), and thereafter, if requested by the Company, the Company and the Noteholder (as defined in the Subordinated Notes) will work together in good faith to execute and deliver all agreements as reasonably necessary in order to restructure the applicable portions of the obligations evidenced by the Subordinated Notes to qualify as Tier 2 Capital; provided, however, that nothing contained in this Section 5.3.6 shall limit the Company’s right to redeem the Subordinated Notes upon the occurrence of a Tier 2 Capital Event (as defined in the Subordinated Notes) pursuant to Section 4(a) or Section 4(b) of the Subordinated Notes.
5.4 Absence of Control.  It is the intent of the parties to this Agreement that in no event shall the Purchasers, by reason of any of the Transaction Documents, be deemed to control, directly or indirectly, the Company, and the Purchasers shall not exercise, or be deemed to exercise, directly or indirectly, a controlling influence over the management or policies of the Company.
5.5 Secondary Market Transactions. To the extent and so long as not in violation of Section 6.4 hereof, each Purchaser shall have the right at any time and from time to time to securitize its Subordinated Notes or any portion thereof in a single asset securitization or a pooled loan securitization of rated single or multi-class securities secured by or evidencing ownership interests in the Subordinated Notes (each such securitization is referred to herein as a “Secondary Market Transaction”).  In connection with any such Secondary Market Transaction, the Company shall, at the Company’s expense, cooperate with the Purchasers and otherwise reasonably assist the Purchasers in satisfying the market standards to which the Purchasers customarily adhere or which may be reasonably required in the marketplace or by applicable rating agencies in connection with any such Secondary Market Transaction, but in no event shall the Company be required to incur any material costs or expenses in connection therewith. Subject to any written confidentiality obligation, including the terms of any non-disclosure agreements between the Purchasers and the Company, all information regarding the Company may be furnished to any Purchaser and to any Person reasonably deemed necessary by the Purchaser in connection with participation in such Secondary Market Transaction.  All documents, financial statements, appraisals and other data relevant to the Company or the Subordinated Notes may be retained by any such Person, subject to the terms of any nondisclosure agreement between the Purchaser and the Company.
5.6 Bloomberg. The Company shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Subordinated Notes to be quoted on Bloomberg.
5.7 Rule 144A Information. While any Subordinated Notes remain “restricted securities” within the meaning of the Securities Act, the Company will make available, upon the request of any Purchaser or subsequent holder of any Subordinated Notes the information specified in Rule 144A(d)(4) under the Securities Act, unless the Company is then subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.

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6.
REPRESENTATIONS, WARRANTIES AND COVENANTS OF THE PURCHASERS.
Each Purchaser hereby represents and warrants to the Company, and covenants with the Company, severally and not jointly, as follows:
6.1 Legal Power and Authority.  It has all necessary power and authority to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under this Agreement and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby.  It is an entity duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws its jurisdiction of organization.
6.2 Authorization and Execution. The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement has been duly authorized by all necessary action on the part of such Purchaser, and assuming due authorization, execution and delivery by the other parties hereto, this Agreement is a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Purchaser, enforceable against such Purchaser in accordance with its terms, except as enforcement thereof may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium or other similar laws relating to or affecting creditors’ rights generally or by general equitable principles.
6.3 No Conflicts.  Neither the execution, delivery or performance of the Transaction Documents nor the consummation of any of the transactions contemplated thereby will conflict with, violate, constitute a breach of or a default (whether with or without the giving of notice or lapse of time or both) under (i) its organizational documents, (ii) any agreement to which it is party, (iii) any law applicable to it or (iv) any order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, determination or award binding upon or affecting it.
6.4 Purchase for Investment.  It is purchasing the Subordinated Note for its own account and not with a view to distribution and with no present intention of reselling, distributing or otherwise disposing of the same.  It has no present or contemplated agreement, undertaking, arrangement, obligation, indebtedness or commitment providing for, or which is likely to compel, a disposition of the Subordinated Notes in any manner.
6.5 Institutional Accredited Investor.  It is and will be on the Closing Date either (i) an institutional “accredited investor” as such term is defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D and as contemplated by subsections (1), (2), (3) and (7) of Rule 501(a) of Regulation D, and has no less than $5,000,000 in total assets, or (ii) a QIB.
6.6 Financial and Business Sophistication.  It has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the prospective investment in the Subordinated Notes.  It has relied solely upon its own knowledge of, and/or the advice of its own legal, financial or other advisors with regard to, the legal, financial, tax and other considerations involved in deciding to invest in the Subordinated Notes.
6.7 Ability to Bear Economic Risk of Investment.  It recognizes that an investment in the Subordinated Notes involves substantial risk.  It has the ability to bear the economic risk of the prospective investment in the Subordinated Notes or any other securities of the Company, including the ability to hold the Subordinated Notes indefinitely, and further including the ability to bear a complete loss of all of its investment in the Company.
6.8 Information.  It acknowledges that:  (i) it is not being provided with the disclosures that would be required if the offer and sale of the Subordinated Notes were registered under the Securities Act, nor is it being provided with any offering circular or prospectus prepared in connection with the offer and sale of the Subordinated Notes or any other securities of the Company; (ii) it has conducted its own examination of the Company and the terms of the Subordinated Notes to the extent it deems necessary to make its decision to invest in the Subordinated Notes; (iii) it has availed itself of publicly available financial and other information concerning the Company to the extent it deems necessary to make its decision to purchase the Subordinated Notes (including meeting with representatives of the Company); and (iv) it has not received nor relied on any form of general solicitation or general advertising (within the meaning of Regulation D) from the Company in connection with the offer and sale of the Subordinated Notes.  It has reviewed the information, including information regarding “Risk Factors” pertaining to the Company, set forth in the Company’s Reports, the exhibits and schedules thereto and hereto and the information contained in the data room established by the Company in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.
6.9 Access to Information.  It acknowledges that it and its advisors have been furnished with all materials relating to the business, finances and operations of the Company that have been requested by it or its advisors and have been given the opportunity to ask questions of, and to receive answers from, persons acting on behalf of the Company concerning terms and conditions of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement in order to make an informed and voluntary decision to enter into this Agreement.
6.10 Investment Decision.  It has made its own investment decision based upon its own judgment, due diligence and advice from such advisors as it has deemed necessary and not upon any view expressed by any other Person or entity, including the Placement Agent.  Neither such inquiries nor any other due diligence investigations conducted by it or its advisors or representatives, if any, shall modify, amend or affect its right to rely on the Company’s representations and warranties contained herein.  It is not relying upon, and has not relied upon, any advice, statement, representation or warranty made by any Person by or on behalf of the Company, including, without limitation, the Placement Agent, except for the express statements, representations and warranties of the Company made or contained in this Agreement.  Furthermore, it acknowledges that (i) the Placement Agent has not performed any due diligence review on behalf of it and (ii) nothing in this Agreement or any other materials presented by or on behalf of the Company to it in connection with the purchase of the Subordinated Notes constitutes legal, tax or investment advice.

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6.11 Private Placement; No Registration; Restricted Legends.  It understands and acknowledges that the Subordinated Notes are characterized as “restricted securities” under the Securities Act and are being sold by the Company without registration under the Securities Act in reliance on the exemption from federal and state registration set forth in, respectively, Rule 506(b) of Regulation D promulgated under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and Section 18 of the Securities Act, or any state securities laws, and accordingly, may be resold, pledged or otherwise transferred only in compliance with the registration requirements of federal and state securities laws or if exemptions from the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws are available to it.  It further understands and acknowledges that the Company will not be obligated in the future to register the Subordinated Notes under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act, or under any state securities laws.  It is not subscribing for the Subordinated Notes as a result of or subsequent to any advertisement, article, notice or other communication published in any newspaper, magazine or similar media or broadcast over television or radio, or presented at any seminar or meeting.  It further acknowledges and agrees that all certificates or other instruments representing the Subordinated Notes will bear the restrictive legend set forth in the form of Subordinated Note.  It further acknowledges its primary responsibilities under the Securities Act and, accordingly, will not sell or otherwise transfer the Subordinated Notes or any interest therein without complying with the requirements of the Securities Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder and the requirements set forth in this Agreement. Neither the Placement Agent nor the Company has made or is making any representation, warranty or covenant, express or implied, as to the availability of any exemption from registration under the Securities Act or any applicable state securities laws for the resale, pledge or other transfer of the Subordinated Notes, or that the Subordinated Notes purchased by it will ever be able to be lawfully resold, pledged or otherwise transferred.
6.12 Placement Agent.  It will purchase the Subordinated Note(s) directly from the Company and not from the Placement Agent and understands that neither the Placement Agent nor any other broker or dealer has any obligation to make a market in the Subordinated Notes.
6.13 Tier 2 Capital.  If all or any portion of the Subordinated Notes ceases to be deemed to be Tier 2 Capital, other than due to the limitation imposed on the capital treatment of subordinated debt during the five (5) years immediately preceding the Maturity Date of the Subordinated Notes, and if requested by the Company following notification to the Noteholders (as defined in the Subordinated Notes), the Company and the Noteholders will work together in good faith to execute and deliver all agreements as reasonably necessary in order to restructure the applicable portions of the obligations evidenced by the Subordinated Notes to qualify as Tier 2 Capital; provided, however, that nothing contained in this Section 6.13 shall limit the Company’s right to redeem the Subordinated Notes upon the occurrence of a Tier 2 Capital Event pursuant to Section 4(a) or Section 4(b) of the Subordinated Notes.
6.14 Accuracy of Representations.  It understands that each of the Placement Agent and the Company are relying and will rely upon the truth and accuracy of the foregoing representations, acknowledgements and agreements in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, and agrees that if any of the representations or acknowledgements made by it are no longer accurate as of the Closing Date, or if any of the agreements made by it are breached on or prior to the Closing Date, it shall promptly notify the Placement Agent and the Company.
6.15 Representations and Warranties Generally.  The representations and warranties of the Purchaser set forth in this Agreement are true and correct (i) as of the date hereof and will be true and correct as of the Closing Date and (ii) as otherwise specifically provided herein.  Any certificate signed by a duly authorized representative of the Purchaser and delivered to the Company or to counsel for the Company shall be deemed to be a representation and warranty by the Purchaser to the Company as to the matters set forth therein.
7. MISCELLANEOUS.
7.1 Prohibition on Assignment by the Company.  Except as described in Section 9(b) (Merger or Sale of Assets) of the Subordinated Notes, the Company may not assign, transfer or delegate any of its rights or obligations under this Agreement or the Subordinated Notes without the prior written consent of all the Noteholders (as defined in the Subordinated Notes).  In addition, in accordance with the terms of the Subordinated Notes, any transfer of such Subordinated Notes by the Noteholders must be made in accordance with the Assignment Form attached thereto and the requirements and restrictions thereof.
7.2 Time of the Essence.  Time is of the essence of this Agreement.
7.3 Waiver or Amendment.  No waiver or amendment of any term, provision, condition, covenant or agreement herein or in the Subordinated Notes shall be effective except with the consent of the holders of not less than more than fifty percent (50%) of the aggregate principal amount (excluding any Subordinated Notes held by the Company or any of its Affiliates) of the Subordinated Notes at the time outstanding; provided, however, that without the consent of each holder of an affected Subordinated Note, no such amendment or waiver may:  (i) reduce the principal amount of any Subordinated Note; (ii) reduce the rate of or change the time for payment of interest on any Subordinated Note; (iii) extend the maturity of any Subordinated Note, (iv) change the currency in which payment of the obligations of the Company under this Agreement and the Subordinated Notes are to be made; or (v) lower the percentage of aggregate principal amount of outstanding Subordinated Notes required to approve any amendment of this Agreement or the Subordinated Notes, (vi) make any changes to Section 6 (Events of Default; Acceleration; Compliance Certificate),  Section 7 (Failure to Make Payments), Section 8 (Affirmative Covenants of the Company) or Section 9 (Negative Covenants of the Company) of the Subordinated Notes that adversely affects the rights of any holder of a Subordinated Note; or (vii) disproportionately and adversely affect the rights of any of the holders of the then outstanding Subordinated Notes.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company may amend or supplement the Subordinated Notes without the consent of the holders of the Subordinated Notes to cure any ambiguity, defect or inconsistency or to provide for uncertificated Subordinated Notes in addition to or in place of certificated Subordinated Notes, or to make any change that does not adversely affect the rights of any holder of any of the Subordinated Notes.  No failure to exercise or delay in exercising, by a Purchaser or any holder of the Subordinated Notes, of any right, power or privilege hereunder shall operate as a waiver thereof, nor shall any single or partial exercise of any right, power or privilege preclude any other or further exercise thereof, or the exercise of any other right or remedy provided by law, except as provided for in the Subordinated Notes.  The rights and remedies provided in this Agreement are cumulative and not exclusive of any right or remedy provided by law or equity.  No notice or demand on the Company in any case shall, in itself, entitle the Company to any other or further notice or demand in similar or other circumstances or constitute a waiver of the rights of the Purchasers to any other or further action in any circumstances without notice or demand.  No consent or waiver, expressed or implied, by the Purchasers to or of any breach or default by the Company in the performance of its obligations hereunder shall be deemed or construed to be a consent or waiver to or of any other breach or default in the performance of the same or any other obligations of the Company hereunder.  Failure on the part of the Purchasers to complain of any acts or failure to act or to declare an Event of Default, irrespective of how long such failure continues, shall not constitute a waiver by the Purchasers of their rights hereunder or impair any rights, powers or remedies on account of any breach or default by the Company.

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7.4 Severability.  Any provision of this Agreement which is unenforceable or invalid or contrary to law, or the inclusion of which would adversely affect the validity, legality or enforcement of this Agreement, shall be of no effect and, in such case, all the remaining terms and provisions of this Agreement shall subsist and be fully effective according to the tenor of this Agreement the same as though any such invalid portion had never been included herein.  Notwithstanding any of the foregoing to the contrary, if any provisions of this Agreement or the application thereof are held invalid or unenforceable only as to particular persons or situations, the remainder of this Agreement, and the application of such provision to persons or situations other than those to which it shall have been held invalid or unenforceable, shall not be affected thereby, but shall continue valid and enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law.
7.5 Notices.  Any notice which any party hereto may be required or may desire to give hereunder shall be deemed to have been given if in writing and if delivered personally, or if mailed, postage prepaid, by United States registered or certified mail, return receipt requested, or if delivered by a responsible overnight commercial courier promising next business day delivery, addressed:
if to the Company:
Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.
1801 Bayberry Court
Suite 101
Richmond, Virginia 23226
Attention: Randal R. Greene
with a copy to:
Williams Mullen
Williams Mullen Center
200 South 10th Street
Suite 1600
Richmond, Virginia 23219
Attention:  Scott H. Richter
if to the Purchasers:
To the address indicated on such Purchaser’s signature page.

or to such other address or addresses as the party to be given notice may have furnished in writing to the party seeking or desiring to give notice, as a place for the giving of notice; provided that no change in address shall be effective until five (5) Business Days after being given to the other party in the manner provided for above.  Any notice given in accordance with the foregoing shall be deemed given when delivered personally or, if mailed, three (3) Business Days after it shall have been deposited in the United States mails as aforesaid or, if sent by overnight courier, the Business Day following the date of delivery to such courier (provided next business day delivery was requested).
7.6 Successors and Assigns.  This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of the parties and their respective heirs, legal representatives, successors and assigns; except that, (i) unless a Purchaser consents in writing, no assignment made by the Company in violation of this Agreement shall be effective or confer any rights on any purported assignee of the Company and (ii) unless such assignment complies with the Assignment Form attached to the Subordinated Notes, no assignment made by a Purchaser shall be effective or confer any rights on any purported assignee of Purchaser. The term “successors and assigns” will not include a purchaser of any of the Subordinated Notes from any Purchaser merely because of such purchase but shall include a purchaser of any of the Subordinated Notes pursuant to an assignment complying with the Assignment Form attached to the Subordinated Notes.
7.7 No Joint Venture.  Nothing contained herein or in any document executed pursuant hereto and no action or inaction whatsoever on the part of a Purchaser, shall be deemed to make a Purchaser a partner or joint venturer with the Company.
7.8 Documentation.  All documents and other matters required by any of the provisions of this Agreement to be submitted or furnished to a Purchaser shall be in form and substance satisfactory to such Purchaser.
7.9 Entire Agreement.  This Agreement and the Subordinated Notes along with any exhibits thereto and any non-disclosure agreements between the Purchaser and the Company, constitute the entire agreement between the parties hereto with respect to the subject matter hereof and may not be modified or amended in any manner other than by supplemental written agreement executed by the parties hereto.  No party, in entering into this Agreement, has relied upon any representation, warranty, covenant, condition or other term that is not set forth in this Agreement or in the Subordinated Notes.
7.10 Choice of Law.  This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York without giving effect to its laws or principles of conflict of laws.  Nothing herein shall be deemed to limit any rights, powers or privileges which a Purchaser may have pursuant to any law of the United States of America or any rule, regulation or order of any department or agency thereof and nothing herein shall be deemed to make unlawful any transaction or conduct by a Purchaser which is lawful pursuant to, or which is permitted by, any of the foregoing.

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7.11 No Third Party Beneficiary.  This Agreement is made for the sole benefit of the Company and the Purchasers, and no other Person shall be deemed to have any privity of contract hereunder nor any right to rely hereon to any extent or for any purpose whatsoever, nor shall any other Person have any right of action of any kind hereon or be deemed to be a third party beneficiary hereunder; provided, that the Placement Agent may rely on the representations and warranties contained herein to the same extent as if it were a party to this Agreement.
7.12 Legal Tender of United States.  All payments hereunder shall be made in coin or currency which at the time of payment is legal tender in the United States of America for public and private debts.
7.13 Captions; Counterparts.  Captions contained in this Agreement in no way define, limit or extend the scope or intent of their respective provisions.  This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts and by different parties hereto in separate counterparts, each of which when so executed and delivered shall be deemed to be an original and all of which taken together shall constitute but one and the same instrument.  In the event that any signature is delivered by facsimile transmission, or by e-mail delivery of a “.pdf” format data file, such signature shall create a valid and binding obligation of the party executing (or on whose behalf such signature is executed) with the same force and effect as if such facsimile signature page were an original thereof.
7.14 Knowledge; Discretion.  All references herein to a Purchaser’s or the Company’s knowledge shall be deemed to mean the knowledge of such party based on the actual knowledge of such party’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer or such other persons holding equivalent offices or individuals performing similar functions.  Unless specified to the contrary herein, all references herein to an exercise of discretion or judgment by a Purchaser, to the making of a determination or designation by a Purchaser, to the application of a Purchaser’s discretion or opinion, to the granting or withholding of a Purchaser’s consent or approval, to the consideration of whether a matter or thing is satisfactory or acceptable to a Purchaser, or otherwise involving the decision making of a Purchaser, shall be deemed to mean that such Purchaser shall decide using the reasonable discretion or judgment of a prudent lender.
7.15 Waiver Of Right To Jury Trial.  TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW, THE PARTIES HEREBY KNOWINGLY, VOLUNTARILY AND INTENTIONALLY WAIVE ANY RIGHT THAT THEY MAY HAVE TO A TRIAL BY JURY IN ANY LITIGATION ARISING IN ANY WAY IN CONNECTION WITH ANY OF THE TRANSACTION DOCUMENTS, OR ANY OTHER STATEMENTS OR ACTIONS OF THE COMPANY OR THE PURCHASERS.  THE PARTIES ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THEY HAVE BEEN REPRESENTED IN THE SIGNING OF THIS AGREEMENT AND IN THE MAKING OF THIS WAIVER BY INDEPENDENT LEGAL COUNSEL SELECTED OF THEIR OWN FREE WILL.  THE PARTIES FURTHER ACKNOWLEDGE THAT (I) THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND THE MEANING AND RAMIFICATIONS OF THIS WAIVER, (II) THIS WAIVER HAS BEEN REVIEWED BY THE PARTIES AND THEIR COUNSEL AND IS A MATERIAL INDUCEMENT FOR ENTRY INTO THIS AGREEMENT AND (III) THIS WAIVER SHALL BE EFFECTIVE AS TO EACH OF SUCH TRANSACTION DOCUMENTS AS IF FULLY INCORPORATED THEREIN.
7.16 Expenses.  Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, each of the parties will bear and pay all other costs and expenses incurred by it or on its behalf in connection with the transactions contemplated pursuant to this Agreement.
7.17 Survival.  Each of the representations and warranties set forth in this Agreement shall survive the consummation of the transactions contemplated hereby for a period of one year after the date hereof.  Except as otherwise provided herein, all covenants and agreements contained herein shall survive until, by their respective terms, they are no longer operative.

[Signature Pages Follow]


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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Company has caused this Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement to be executed by its duly authorized representative as of the date first above written.

 
COMPANY:
 
 
 
BAY BANKS OF VIRGINIA, INC.
 
       
 
By:

 
   
Name: Randal R. Greene
 
   
Title: President and Chief Executive Officer
 



[Company Signature Page to Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement]


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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Purchaser has caused this Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement to be executed by its duly authorized representative as of the date first above written.

 
PURCHASER:
 
 
[INSERT PURCHASER’S NAME]
 
       
 
By:
   
   
Name:
 
   
Title:
 
       
   
Addresss of Purchaser:
 
       
       
       
   
Principal Amount of Purchased Subordinated Note:
 
       











[Purchaser Signature Page to Subordinated Note Purchase Agreement]


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EXHIBIT A
FORM OF SUBORDINATED NOTE






Ex. A-1

EXHIBIT B
OPINION OF COUNSEL









EX. B-1



(Back To Top)

Section 4: EX-99.1

Exhibit 99.1

   Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.OTCQB: BAYKSubordinated Debt OfferingSeptember 23, 2019   
 

 Offering Disclaimer  This Investor Presentation contains forward-looking statements. Words or phrases such as “may,” “should,” “could,” “predict,” “potential,” “believe,” “will likely result,” “expect,” “continue,” “will,” “anticipate,” “seek,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “projection,” “would” and “outlook,” or the negative version of those words or other comparable words are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying such statements. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, and are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the Company’s business based on the beliefs of, and certain assumptions made by, the Company’s management, many of which assumptions, by their nature, are inherently uncertain and beyond the Company’s control. Accordingly, you are cautioned that any such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Although the Company believes that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable as of the date made, they may prove to be materially different from the results expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations and future prospects of the Company include, but are not limited to: changes in interest rates and general economic conditions; the legislative/regulatory climate; monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, the quality or composition of the loan or investment portfolios; demand for loan products; deposit flows; competition; demand for financial services in the Company's market area; acquisitions and dispositions; implementation of new technologies and the ability to develop and maintain secure and reliable electronic systems; tax and accounting rules, principles, policies and guidelines; and other risks and uncertainties described in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K and, from time to time, in other reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Unless required by law, the Company also disclaims any obligation to update any forward-looking statements. Interested parties should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement and should carefully consider the risks and other factors that the Company faces.Certain of the information contained in this Investor Presentation may be derived from information provided by industry sources. The Company believes that such information is accurate and that the sources from which it has been obtained are reliable. The Company cannot guarantee the accuracy of such information, however, and has not independently verified such information.Except where information is provided as of a specified date, this Investor Presentation speaks as of the date hereof ¹. The delivery of this Investor Presentation will not, under any circumstances, create an implication that there has been no change in the affairs of the Company since the date of this Investor Presentation. The Company is not making any implied or express representation or warranty as to the accuracy or completeness of the information summarized herein or made available in connection with any further investigation of the Company. The Company expressly disclaims any and all liability which may be based on such information, errors therein or omissions therefrom.This Investor Presentation contains certain non-GAAP financial measures which are provided to assist in an understanding of the Company’s business and its performance. These measures should always be considered in conjunction with the appropriate GAAP measure. Non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the most directly comparable GAAP measures. For example, other companies may use similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures that are calculated differently from the way we calculate such measures or may use different non-GAAP financial measures to evaluate their financial condition or results of operations, either of which could reduce the usefulness of the non-GAAP financial measures contained in this Investor Presentation as tools for comparison. Reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures provided in this Investor Presentation to the most directly comparable GAAP measures can be found in the appendix of this presentation.  1) This Investor Presentation is dated as of September 23, 2019 
 

 Terms of the Proposed Offering  Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.  Issuer  Subordinated Notes  Security  $20 million  Amount  Fixed-to-Floating Rate  Structure  10 Years  Maturity  Callable After Year 5  Call Features  General corporate purposes, including the repayment of subordinated debt (which debt becomes callable in May 2020) and supporting capital levels at the bank  Use of Proceeds  Sandler O'Neill + Partners, L.P.  Sole Placement Agent  Egan-Jones Rated: BBB+  Rating  Regulation D Private Placement  Offering Type 
 

 Company History  Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc. (the “Company” or “BAYK”) is the holding company for Virginia Commonwealth Bank (“VCB” or the “Bank”) and VCB Financial Group, Inc.With nearly 170 years of combined history as independent community banks, Bank of Lancaster and Virginia Commonwealth Bank (Legacy VCB) merged on April 1, 2017VCB currently has 18 banking offices and one loan production office located throughout the Richmond metro area, the Northern Neck and the Hampton Roads regions of VirginiaVCB’s focus is to serve businesses, professionals and consumers with a wide variety of financial services, including retail banking, commercial banking and mortgage lendingVCB Financial Group provides management services for personal and corporate trusts, including estate planning, estate settlement, trust administrations, wealth management and insurance servicesAs of June 30, 2019, the Company had $1.1 billion in assets, $910.5 million in net loans, $875.6 million in deposits and a market capitalization of $108.7 million 
 

 Overview of Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.  Headquartered in Richmond, Bay Banks of Virginia has $1.1 billion in assets and improving performance metricsThe Company is run by a management team with deep experienceInvestments in the vibrant Richmond and Virginia Beach markets are yielding strong results and creating opportunities for steady growth The Bank continues to see increased efficiencies with the benefits of scale resulting from the merger and subsequent growthThe focus of management (in the near term) is to continue to increase profitability through: shifting the loan mixgrowing noninterest-bearing depositslowering deposit costsmanaging expenses   Corporate Overview  Excludes troubled-debt restructurings (TDRs) and purchase credit impaired loans (PCI)Nonperforming assets defined as nonaccrual loans and other real estate owned; excludes troubled-debt restructurings (TDRs) and purchased credit impaired loans (PCI)Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents 
 

 Deposit Market Share & Branch Footprint          Branch  LPO            MSA Deposit Market Share  Note: Deposit data as of June 30, 2019; dollars in thousandsSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, FDIC, Company Documents 
 

 Virginia Market Demographics Overview  ‘19 – ‘24Projected Population Growth (%)  ‘19 – ‘24Projected Household IncomeGrowth (%)  Note: Percent of deposit franchise pertains to top chart; deposit data as of June 30, 2019Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence  9.9%  Percent of Deposit Franchise  16.8%  6.2%  13.7%  3.2%  4.6 %  9.4%  5.3%  1.6%  6.6%  2.8%  19.8%  56.5%  9.4%  100%  100% 
 

 2019 Accomplishments & Priorities  2019 AccomplishmentsShifted strategy to reduce overall residential mortgage portfolio through amortization and secondary market salesRefinancing on-balance sheet loans to secondary market – generating secondary market fee incomeNatural amortization is approximately $40 million annuallyCreating capacity for higher yielding commercial relationships (1.00% - 1.50% increase in yield)Other noninterest expense initiatives (approximately $400K) Branch workforce reductionResidential mortgage staffing reductionAdded deposit-focused relationship managerBranch closureSet incentives with heavier weighting on noninterest-bearing deposit generationBegan decreasing deposit costs on both non-maturity and time depositsMoved to common bank and holding company board members2019 PrioritiesProfitable growth following three-year strategic plan to achieve ROAA in the range of 1.00% - 1.25% by 2021Team and community developmentEnhance business diagnostics and reporting capabilities (e.g. KPIs) Enhance technology offerings to customersDevelop strategy to enhance deposit generationNoninterest expense control 
 

 2018 Accomplishments  Enhanced management team and associates in all critical areasCombined multiple cultures into “One Bank, One team”Finalized a three-year strategic plan, charting a path of growth and increased earningsGrew balance sheet to begin to realize leverageImplemented new Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) platformRefreshed Capital Plan incorporating the Company’s risk profile rooted in new ERM frameworkCompleted implementation of SOX 404(b), strengthening internal controlsImplemented a new Software Defined Wide Area Network (SD-WAN), improving the reliability of the Company’s networkVCB Financial Group entered into a partnership with the largest independent trust operator in the U.S., resulting in a more efficient trust operating model and shifted focus to sales 
 

 Balance Sheet Trends  Total Assets  Total Net Loans  Book Value Per Share  Total Deposits  Note: Dollars in millions, except per share dataReconciliations of tangible book value per share, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, to the most directly comparable GAAP measure can be found in the appendix of this Investor PresentationSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents  Legacy VCB    Legacy VCB    Legacy VCB    Book Value Per Share    Tangible Book Value Per Share¹   
 

 Improving Profitability  Return on Average Assets  Return on Average Common Equity  Efficiency Ratio  Net Interest Margin  Adjustments to net income include one-time expenses related to the merger and severance costs of $575k in 2016 and $2.0mm in 2017, merger-related expenses and costs incurred for early retirement program of $846k in 2018; tax affected at a 34% tax rate in 2016 and 2017 and 21% in 2018; YTD data as of June 30, 2019. Reconciliations of these adjusted profitability measures, which are non-GAAP financial measures, to the most directly comparable GAAP measures can be found in the appendix of this Investor PresentationIn the merger in 2017, BAYK acquired a pool of consumer loans held by Legacy VCB. Following the merger, the Company purchased additional consumer loan portfolios in 2017. As the Company finalized its purchase accounting on Legacy VCB, it determined that it required a larger fair value mark on this portfolio. Given this, the Company recorded additional provision on the post-acquisition consumer portfolio. As of June 30, 2019, the remaining balance of the consumer portfolio was less than $10 million and is expected to be insignificant within the next 12 monthsSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents  Adjusted ¹      As Reported  Adjusted ¹      As Reported  Adjusted ¹      As Reported 
 

 Noninterest Income / Expense  Noninterest Expense / Avg. Assets  Noninterest Income / Avg. Assets  Note: Change in noninterest income / average assets from 2016 to 2017 is a result of increased assets due to the merger; adjusted noninterest expense excludes merger-related expenses, severance and costs incurred for early retirement. Reconciliations of adjusted noninterest expense, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, to the most directly comparable GAAP measure can be found in the appendix of this Investor PresentationSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents  Primary Sources of Noninterest Income:Trust and Wealth Management feesServices charges and other bank fees1-4 Family portfolio servicing and secondary market sales  Adjusted      As Reported 
 

 Loan Composition Trends  Historical Loan Composition  Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents 
 

 CRE and C&I Portfolio  Non Owner Occupied CRE  C&I and Owner Occupied CRE  Note: Dollars in millionsThese loans are part of a set of purchased loan pools. As of June 30, 2019, the Bank had approximately $122.9 million of wholesale purchased loans and $65.6 million of participationsSource: Company Documents 
 

 C&D Portfolio  Construction & Development  Note: Dollars in millionsSource: Company Documents 
 

 Recent Development: Wind Down of Richmond-based Firm and Impact to NPAs  Situation Overview  Nonperforming assets defined as nonaccrual loans and other real estate owned; excludes troubled-debt restructurings (TDRs) and purchased credit impaired loans (PCI)Texas Ratio defined as the sum of nonaccrual loans, loans past due 90 days or more and still accruing, real estate owned and repossessed assets as a percent of tangible equity and loan loss reservesSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents  A top 200 ranked Richmond-based law firm with approximately $120 million in revenue for 2018, received a loan from an ABL firm in December of 2017. The Bank participated in the loan (60%). In August of 2019, the firm announced it will wind down its operations and subsequently filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on September 3, 2019As of June 30, 2019, the Bank had an exposure of $5.8 million to the law firmSince the wind-down announcement, the law firm has paid down $2.4 million on the Bank’s portion of the loan, leaving the Bank with a $3.4 million balance as of September 19, 2019The combined outstanding balance is $5.7 million (the Bank’s share is $3.4 million)BAYK has a senior position and, as of September 19, 2019, expects to be repaid through the liquidation of receivables outstanding 
 

 Historical Asset Quality  NPAs¹ / Assets  NPLs² / Gross Loans  Texas Ratio³  Loan Loss Reserves / Gross Loans  Nonperforming assets defined as nonaccrual loans and other real estate owned; excludes troubled-debt restructurings (TDRs) and purchased credit impaired loans (PCI)Excludes troubled-debt restructurings (TDRs) and purchase credit impaired loans (PCI)Texas Ratio defined as the sum of nonaccrual loans, loans past due 90 days or more and still accruing, real estate owned and repossessed assets as a percent of tangible equity and loan loss reservesSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence, Company Documents  Pro Forma For Credit outstanding as of September 19, 2019 
 

 Deposit Composition  Historical Deposit Composition  Note: Change in noninterest-bearing demand from 2018Y to 2019Q2 includes the reduction of $8 million of holding company funds being contributed to the Bank as capitalSource: S&P Global Market Intelligence 
 

 Securities Portfolio  Portfolio Composition  Note: Financial data as of June 30, 2019Source: Company Documents  Excluding corporates, nearly all holdings are investment grade rated or FDIC-insured 
 

 Interest Rate Sensitivity  Net Interest Income at Risk as of June 30, 2019  Economic Value at Risk as of June 30, 2019  Source: Company Documents; Bank only  
 

 Capital Positioning of the Bank  Tier 1 Leverage Ratio  Total Capital Ratio  Tier 1 Ratio  Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence  Bank Level     Bank Level     Bank Level    
 

 Current and Pro Forma Capital Ratios  $20 million offering$10 million down-streamed to Virginia Commonwealth BankRemaining net proceeds will be kept at the holding company for interest coverage expense and to pay off existing subordinated notes after they become callable in May 2020  Key Offering Assumptions  Pro Forma Bank Level Capital Ratios  Pro Forma Consolidated Capital Ratios¹  Estimated consolidated capital ratiosNote: Capitalization tables does not reflect pay off of existing subordinated notes; notes are not callable until May 2020; financial data as of June 30, 2019 
 

 Double Leverage & Interest Coverage  Assumes Company intends to retain $10 million of gross proceeds at the holding company to cover two years of the new subordinated debt interest payments and to pay down current $7.0 million of subordinated notes callable May 2020; remaining capital of $10 million down-streamed to the BankInterest rate of 5.75% is an assumed rate for illustrative purposes onlyEquity investment in nonbank subsidiary for 2019 Q1 is assumed to be equal to the amount of equity investment in nonbank subsidiary for 2018 year end Source: S&P Global Ma1rket Intelligence 
 

 Appendix   
 

 Randal R. “Randy” Greene – Vice Chairman, President & Chief Executive OfficerMr. Greene is the President and CEO of Bay Banks of Virginia. He serves on the Boards of Bay Banks, Virginia Commonwealth Bank and VCB Financial Group. He joined the family of companies in the fall of 2011. Randy received his Bachelor of Business Administration from East Tennessee State University in 1982 and began his banking career in 1984. Prior to joining Bay Banks, Randy was a Regional President of State of Franklin Bank, a division of Jefferson Federal Bank in Johnson City, Tennessee. From 1996 to 2008, he was President and CEO, Director and Founder of State of Franklin Savings Bank and Chairman of its Executive Committee. Randy has substantial knowledge of successfully growing a community bank with experience in all areas of banking, including managing multiple teams, as a senior credit officer with years of direct experience working with regulatory agencies, 25 years of lending experience, and has been directly responsible for managing the asset quality of a $350 million community bank. He was awarded 2015 Outstanding Alumni for the College of Business at Eastern Tennessee State University.C. Frank Scott, III – Chairman of the Board & President of Virginia Commonwealth BankMr. Scott is currently the Chairman of the Board, Chairman of VCB Financial Group and President of Virginia Commonwealth Bank. Before the merger with Virginia Bancorp, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Virginia Commonwealth Bank and served on the Board since 1987. He worked at Virginia Commonwealth Bank since 1999, before becoming CEO in 2011. He is the past President of the Petersburg Lions Club, the Southside Virginia Association of Realtors, and the Tri Cities Independent Insurance Agent’s Association. He is currently a Member of the Board of the Appomattox Educational Foundation, the Prince George Alliance for Education Association, and the Richard Bland College Foundation. He is a Member of Redeemer Lutheran Church in Midlothian, Virginia and currently serves as a Member of the Board and as Treasurer. He received his BS degree in Finance from Virginia Tech in 1974 and his MA from the Charles F. Dolan School of Business at Fairfield University in Fairfield, Connecticut in 2003.Judy C. Gavant, CPA – Chief Financial OfficerMs. Gavant joined in March 2018 as Chief Financial Officer of Bay Banks of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth Bank and VCB Financial Group. She brings more than 36 years experience in accounting, taxation, finance, and M&A. Ms. Gavant most recently served as Senior Vice President, Controller, and Chief Accounting Officer at Xenith Bankshares, Inc., which grew from $350 million in assets to over $3.0 billion in assets during her seven-year tenure. Prior to Xenith, Ms. Gavant served in a variety of leadership roles with both early-stage businesses and Fortune 500 corporations. She began her career with PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP, where she served in the firm’s audit and tax practices over a nine-year period, and holds a BS in Accounting from Louisiana State University and a MS in Taxation from Virginia Commonwealth University. Ms. Gavant is a licensed CPA in Virginia and Texas.   Leadership 
 

 Douglas F. Jenkins, Jr. – Chief Banking OfficerMr. Jenkins serves as Executive Vice President and Chief Banking Officer of Virginia Commonwealth Bank and Bay Banks of Virginia. Prior to the merger with Virginia Bancorp, he was Executive Vice President and Chief Banking Officer of Bank of Lancaster. Mr. Jenkins served as Senior Vice President of Bank of Lancaster from December 2009 until December 2011 and served as Senior Lending Officer from May 2008 until April 2013. From June 2011 until April 2013, he served as Retail Delivery Administrator. Prior to joining Bank of Lancaster in 2006 as a Vice President and Business Development Officer, Mr. Jenkins was a Vice President at SunTrust Bank, where he was a member of its Financial Institutions Group.Andrew G. Ferguson – Chief Credit Officer Mr. Ferguson a 33-year banking veteran, has joined Virginia Commonwealth Bank as Executive Vice President, Chief Credit Officer. Prior to joining Virginia Commonwealth Bank, Mr. Ferguson began his banking career in Richmond at First Market Bank. He most recently served as Chief Credit Officer at The Heritage Bank in Georgia and previously worked as Executive Vice President, Chief Credit Officer at First Capital Bank in Richmond.  Mr. Ferguson is a graduate of the University of Virginia and earned an MBA in Economics from the University of Richmond – Robins School of Business.C. Rodes “Dusty” Boyd, Jr. – Chief Lending Officer Mr. Boyd has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Lending Officer of Virginia Commonwealth Bank since April 2017. Mr. Boyd joined Virginia Commonwealth Bank in April 2011 as Executive Vice President and Chief Credit Officer, a role he served in until July 2012. Prior to joining Virginia Commonwealth Bank, Mr. Boyd was a Vice President in Commercial Banking with The Bank of Richmond and Gateway Bank from 2002 until 2009, and was the Richmond Market President for the Bank of Hampton Roads from March 2009 through December 2010. Mr. Boyd is currently serving a two-year term as Chairman of the Lending Executive Committee for the Virginia Bankers Association. Mr. Boyd is a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute and earned an MBA in Economics from the University of Richmond– Robins School of Business.  Leadership (continued)  
 

 Leadership (continued)  William (Bill) J. Callaghan – Chief Administrative OfficerA 38-year banking veteran, Mr. Callaghan joined Virginia Commonwealth Bank in March 2018 as Executive Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer. In this position, he is one of our executives who oversees day-to-day administrative operations of our Bank, which includes deposits, loans, mortgages, wealth management, human resources and compliance. Mr. Callaghan has over 35 years of progressive management experience within the financial services industry. He has been responsible for managing and overseeing 15+ core system conversions successfully. Mr. Callaghan most recently served as Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer of Xenith Bank in Richmond. He was one of the original members of their Executive Team to assist in the start-up of Xenith. One of his initial tasks was to build the Technology and Operations platform. Mr. Callaghan built the infrastructure to be scalable and flexible to support a fast growing multi-billion-dollar financial institution without compromising on efficiency, productivity or security.  Eric F. Nost – President & Chief Executive Officer of VCB Financial Group Mr. Nost, a financial services executive with over 30 years experience, leads Bay Banks’ wealth management subsidiary, VCB Financial Group, as President and CEO. Prior to Bay Banks, he managed a bank-owned investment firm, C&F Wealth Management Corp., building it to over $400 million in assets under management. A U.S. Navy veteran, Mr. Nost is a graduate of Virginia Military Institute, earned an MBA degree from Liberty University, and is a Certified Financial Planner.  
 

 Non-GAAP Reconciliation  Note: Set forth above are calculations of each of the non-GAAP financial measures included in the presentation. Management believes that these non-GAAP measures are meaningful because management uses them to assess the financial performance of the Company. Calculations of these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to the calculation of similarly titled measures reported by other companies 
 

   www.baybanks.comwww.vcb.bank  Contact InformationRandy GreeneVice Chairman, President & Chief Executive [email protected] GavantExecutive Vice President & Chief Financial [email protected] 
 

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Section 5: EX-99.2

Exhibit 99.2


Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc. Completes
$25 Million Subordinated Notes Offering


Company Release – 10/7/19

RICHMOND, Va., October 7, 2019 / PRNewswire / -- Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc. (the “Company”) (OTCQB: BAYK), holding company for Virginia Commonwealth Bank and VCB Financial Group, Inc., announced today that it has completed a private placement of $25 million in fixed-to-floating rate subordinated notes due 2029 (the “Notes”). The Notes have been structured to qualify as Tier 2 capital under bank regulatory guidelines, and the proceeds from the sale of the Notes will be utilized for general corporate purposes, including the potential repayment of the Company’s existing subordinated debt (which debt becomes callable in May 2020) and supporting capital levels at Virginia Commonwealth Bank. Sandler O’Neill + Partners, L.P., served as the sole placement agent.

The Notes will initially bear interest at 5.625% per annum, beginning October 7, 2019 through October 14, 2024, payable semi-annually in arrears. From October 15, 2024 through October 14, 2029, or up to an early redemption date, the interest rate shall reset quarterly to an interest rate per annum equal to the then current three-month SOFR plus 433.5 basis points, payable quarterly in arrears. Beginning on October 15, 2024 through maturity, the Notes may be redeemed, at the Company’s option, on any scheduled interest payment date. The Notes will mature on October 15, 2029.

The Notes have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any state securities laws and may not be offered or sold in the United States absent registration or an applicable exemption from registration requirements. This press release does not constitute an offer to sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy, any security.

About Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc.

Bay Banks of Virginia, Inc. is the bank holding company for Virginia Commonwealth Bank and VCB Financial Group, Inc. Founded in the 1930s, Virginia Commonwealth Bank is headquartered in Richmond, Virginia. With 19 banking offices, including one loan production office, located throughout the greater Richmond area, the Northern Neck region, Middlesex County, the Tri-Cities area and the Hampton Roads region, the bank serves businesses, professionals, and consumers with a wide variety of financial services, including retail and commercial banking, and mortgage banking. VCB Financial Group provides management services for personal and corporate trusts, including estate planning, estate settlement and trust administration, and investment and wealth management services.

Caution About Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains statements concerning the Company’s expectations, plans, objectives, future financial performance and other statements that are not historical facts. These statements may constitute “forward-looking statements” as defined by federal securities laws. These statements may address issues that involve estimates and assumptions made by management, risks and uncertainties, and actual results could differ materially from historical results or those anticipated by such statements. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on the operations and future prospects of the Company include, but are not limited to: changes in interest rates and general economic conditions; the legislative/regulatory climate; monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. Government, including policies of the U.S. Treasury and Federal Reserve Board; the quality or composition of the loan or investment portfolios; demand for loan products; deposit flows; competition; demand for financial services in the Company’s market area; acquisitions and dispositions; implementation of new technologies and the ability to develop and maintain secure and reliable electronic systems; and tax and accounting rules, principles, policies and guidelines. These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating the forward-looking statements contained herein, and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date they are made. Except to the extent required by applicable law or regulation, the Company undertakes no obligation to revise or update publicly any forward-looking statements for any reason.

For further information, contact Randal R. Greene, President and Chief Executive Officer, at 844-404-9668 or Judy C. Gavant, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, at 804-518-2606 or [email protected]




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