Toggle SGML Header (+)


Section 1: S-3ASR (S-3ASR)


Use these links to rapidly review the document
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 9, 2019

Registration No. 333-      


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form S-3
REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

W. P. CAREY INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Maryland
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
  45-4549771
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

WPC Eurobond B.V.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


The Netherlands
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

Not applicable
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

50 Rockefeller Plaza
New York, New York 10020
(212) 492-1100

(Address, including zip code, and telephone number, including area code, of registrant's principal executive offices)

Jason E. Fox
Chief Executive Officer
50 Rockefeller Plaza
New York, New York 10020
(212) 492-1100

(Name, address and telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

Copy to:

Christopher P. Giordano, Esq.
Jon Venick, Esq.
DLA Piper LLP (US)
1251 Avenue of the Americas
New York, New York 10020
(212) 335-4500

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public:

From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.

             If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box.    o

             If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box.    ý

             If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.    o

             If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering.    o

             If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box.    ý

             If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box.    o

             Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o

Emerging growth company o

             If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of Securities Act.    o

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

               
 
Title of Each Class of Securities
to be Registered

  Amount
to be Registered(1)(2)

  Proposed Maximum
Offering
Price per Unit

  Proposed Maximum
Aggregate
Offering Price

  Amount of
Registration Fee(3)

 

W. P. Carey Inc.:

               

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

       
 

Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value

       
 

Depositary Shares

       
 

Stock Purchase Contracts

       
 

Stock Purchase Unit(4)

       
 

Warrants(5)

       
 

Debt Securities

       
 

Guarantee by W. P. Carey Inc. of Debt Securities of WPC Eurobond B.V.(6)

         
 

WPC Eurobond B.V.:

               

Debt Securities(7)

       
 

Total:

        $—

 

(1)
Omitted pursuant to Form S-3 General Instruction II.E.

(2)
An indeterminate aggregate initial offering price or number of the securities of each identified class is being registered as may from time to time be sold at indeterminate prices. Separate consideration may or may not be received for securities that are issuable on exercise, conversion or exchange of other securities or that are issued in units.

(3)
The registrants will pay registration fees on a deferred basis pursuant to Rule 456(b) and 457(r) in connection with offerings of securities hereunder, and will update this table by post-effective amendment or prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) to indicate the aggregate offering price of the securities offered and the amount of the registration fees paid.

(4)
Any registered securities may be sold separately or as Units with other registered securities. Units may consist of two or more securities in any combination, which may or may not be separable from one another. Each Unit will be issued under a unit agreement. Due to the fact that Units will consist of securities registered hereunder, no additional registration fee is required for the Units.

(5)
Equity Warrants will represent rights to purchase equity securities registered hereby. Due to the fact that the Equity Warrants will provide a right only to purchase the equity securities offered hereunder, no additional registration fee is required for the Equity Warrants.

(6)
No separate consideration will be received for the guarantee by W. P. Carey Inc. of the debt securities of WPC Eurobond B.V. Pursuant to Rule 457(n), no registration fee is required with respect to any such guarantee.

(7)
The debt securities will be non-convertible debt securities issued by WPC Eurobond B.V., a wholly-owned subsidiary of W. P. Carey Inc.


Table of Contents

PROSPECTUS

LOGO

W. P. CAREY INC.

Common Stock
Preferred Stock

Depositary Shares
Stock Purchase Contracts
Stock Purchase Unit
Warrants
Debt Securities
Guarantee of Debt Securities

WPC EUROBOND B.V.

Debt Securities
(fully, unconditionally and irrevocably guaranteed by W. P. Carey Inc.)

          W. P. Carey Inc. may from time to time, in one or more offerings, offer, issue and sell (i) shares of our common stock, $0.001 par value per share ("Common Stock"), (ii) one or more series of our preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share ("Preferred Stock," and together with the Common Stock, the "Capital Stock"), (iii) depositary shares, which may represent a fractional interest in a share of a particular class or series of our Preferred Stock (the "Depositary Shares"), (iv) stock purchase contracts and stock purchase units (collectively, the "Purchase Agreements"), (v) warrants ("Warrants"), (vi) debt securities ("Company Debt Securities"), and (vii) a guarantee ("Guarantee") of debt securities offered and sold by WPC Eurobond B.V. ("WPC Finance") (the Common Stock, Preferred Stock, Depositary Shares, Purchase Agreements, Warrants, Company Debt Securities and any such Guarantee, collectively, the "Company Securities"). One or more of the Company Securities, including but not limited to the Preferred Stock, Depositary Shares, Warrants and Company Debt Securities, may be convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of Common Stock, Preferred Stock or other Company Securities. WPC Finance may from time to time, in one or more offerings, offer, issue and sell securities ("WPC Finance Debt Securities," and collectively with the Company Debt Securities, the "Debt Securities," and collectively with the Company Securities, the "Securities"). Any WPC Finance Debt Securities will be fully, unconditionally and irrevocably guaranteed by W. P. Carey Inc., as described in this prospectus and in any applicable prospectus supplement.

          This prospectus describes some of the general terms that may apply to the Securities. When we decide to offer the Securities, we will prepare a prospectus supplement describing the offering and the particular terms of the Securities that we are selling, which terms will include, among other things, (i) in the case of Common Stock, any public offering price, (ii) in the case of Preferred Stock, the specific title and stated value, any distribution, liquidation, redemption, conversion, voting and other rights, and any initial public offering price, (iii) in the case of Depositary Shares, the fractional Preferred Stock represented by each Depositary Share and the applicable terms of the Preferred Stock, (iv) in the case of Purchase Agreements, the particular combination of Securities constituting any Purchase Agreement, (v) in the case of Warrants, the exercise price and other specific terms of the Warrants, including a description of the underlying Security, (vi) in the case of Debt Securities, the particular terms of the Debt Securities, which will include, among other things, the specific title of the Debt Securities, the aggregate amount of the offering and the offering price, and the denominations in which the Debt Securities may be offered, and (vii) in the case of any Guarantee, the particular terms of such Guarantee.

          The applicable prospectus supplement also will contain information, where applicable, about the material U.S. federal income tax considerations relating to, and any listing on a securities exchange of, the Securities covered by such prospectus supplement, not contained in this prospectus. In addition, such specific terms may include limitations on direct or beneficial ownership and restrictions on transfer of the Securities, in each case as may be appropriate to assist in maintaining our status as a real estate investment trust (a "REIT") for U.S. federal income tax purposes. You should read carefully this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement before you make your investment decision.

          Our Common Stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange (the "NYSE"), under the symbol "WPC." On August 8, 2019, the last reported sale price of the Common Stock on the NYSE was $87.29 per share.

          The Securities may be offered directly by us, through agents designated from time to time by us, or to or through underwriters or dealers. If any agents or underwriters are involved in the sale of any of the Securities, their names, and any applicable purchase price, fee, commission or discount arrangement with, between or among them, will be set forth, or will be calculable from the information set forth, in a prospectus supplement or other offering materials. See "Plan of Distribution" beginning on page 81. No Securities may be sold without delivery of a prospectus supplement describing the method and terms of the offering of such Securities.



          Investing in our Securities involves risks. See "Risk Factors" beginning on page 5 of this prospectus, in the documents incorporated by reference and in any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus. This prospectus may not be used to offer or sell any Securities unless it is accompanied by the applicable prospectus supplement.



          Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these Securities or determined if this prospectus is truthful or complete. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

   

The date of this prospectus is August 9, 2019


Table of Contents

ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

    1  

FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

    2  

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION; INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

    3  

THE REGISTRANTS

    4  

RISK FACTORS

    5  

USE OF PROCEEDS

    6  

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

    7  

DESCRIPTION OF DEPOSITARY SHARES

    15  

DESCRIPTION OF STOCK PURCHASE CONTRACTS AND STOCK PURCHASE UNITS

    16  

DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

    17  

DESCRIPTION OF COMPANY DEBT SECURITIES

    18  

DESCRIPTION OF WPC FINANCE DEBT SECURITIES AND THE GUARANTEE

    33  

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS RELEVANT TO HOLDERS OF OUR COMMON STOCK

    52  

MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS RELEVANT TO HOLDERS OF OUR DEBT SECURITIES

    75  

PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

    81  

EXPERTS

    83  

SELLING SECURITYHOLDERS

    84  

LEGAL MATTERS

    85  

        Unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus to "W. P. Carey," "we," "us" and "our" refer, collectively, to W. P. Carey Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including WPC Eurobond B.V.; references to the "Company" refer only to W. P. Carey Inc., and not to any of its subsidiaries or affiliates; and references to the "WPC Finance" refer only to WPC Eurobond B.V., and not to its parent or subsidiaries or affiliates.

        We have not authorized any person to give any information or to make any representations in connection with this offering, other than those contained or incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus, and, if given or made, such information or representations must not be relied upon as having been so authorized. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy by anyone in any jurisdiction in which such offer or solicitation is not authorized, or in which the person is not qualified to do so, or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Neither the delivery of this prospectus nor any sale hereunder shall, under any circumstances, create any implication that there has been no change in our affairs since the date hereof, that the information contained herein is correct as of any time subsequent to its date, or that any information incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated. by reference herein is correct as of any time subsequent to its date.

i


Table of Contents


ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS

        This prospectus is part of an automatic shelf registration statement that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") as a "well-known seasoned issuer," as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). By using an automatic shelf registration statement, we may, at any time and from time to time, sell the Securities described in this prospectus or in any applicable prospectus supplement in one or more offerings. The exhibits to the registration statement contain the full text of certain contracts and other important documents we have summarized in this prospectus. Since these summaries may not contain all the information that you may find important in deciding whether to purchase the Securities we offer, you should review the full text of these documents. The registration statement and the exhibits can be obtained from the SEC as indicated under the heading "Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference" beginning on page 3.

        This prospectus only provides you with a general description of the Securities that we may offer. Each time we sell Securities, we will provide a prospectus supplement that will contain specific information about the terms of those Securities. The prospectus supplement may also add, update or change information contained in this prospectus. You should read both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement together with the documents incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus and the additional information described under the heading "Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference" beginning on page 3.

1


Table of Contents


FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS

        This prospectus and the documents incorporated and deemed to be incorporated by reference herein and therein contain statements that are based on our current expectations, our estimates and forecasts, our projections about our future performance, our expectations for our business, our beliefs and our management's assumptions and other matters, and are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"). These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding: the impact of the merger of one of our former investment programs, the CPA:17 Merger (defined and discussed herein) and the potential umbrella partnership real estate investment trust reorganization; the amount and timing of any future dividends; statements regarding our corporate strategy and estimated or future economic performance and results, including our projected assets under management, underlying assumptions about our portfolio (e.g., occupancy rate, lease terms, and tenant credit quality, including our expectations about tenant bankruptcies and interest coverage), possible new acquisitions and dispositions, and our international exposure (including the effects of Brexit) and acquisition volume; our capital structure, future capital expenditure levels (including any plans to fund our future liquidity needs), and future leverage and debt service obligations; prospective statements regarding our capital markets program, including our credit ratings and ability to sell shares under our "at-the-market" program and the use of proceeds from that program; the outlook for the investment programs that we manage, including their earnings, as well as possible liquidity events for those programs; statements that we make regarding our ability to remain qualified for taxation as a real estate investment trust ("REIT"), and the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("TCJA"); the impact of recently issued accounting pronouncements; other regulatory activity, such as the General Data Protection Regulation in the European Union or other data privacy initiatives; and the general economic outlook. Forward-looking statements are generally identified by the words "believe," "project," "expect," "anticipate," "estimate," "intend," "strategy," "plan," "may," "should," "will," "would," "will be," "will continue," "will likely result" and similar expressions. Actual results could differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors.

        The cautionary statements under the caption "Risk Factors" contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, as well as any additional information and risks that we disclose in reports that we have filed (since the filing of such reports, in each instance), with the SEC pursuant to the Exchange Act, which are incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus and other similar statements contained in or incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus and any related free writing prospectus prepared by us or on our behalf, identify important factors with respect to forward-looking statements, including certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial also may materially and adversely affect us. Should any known or unknown risks and uncertainties develop into actual events, those developments could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations and prospects.

        In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the results and events contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus and the documents incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference herein and therein will in fact transpire. Moreover, because we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment, new risk factors are likely to emerge from time to time. Given these risks and uncertainties, potential investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements as a prediction of future results. We do not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements except as required by applicable law. All subsequent forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements.

2


Table of Contents


WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION; INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

        We are subject to the information reporting requirements of the Exchange Act, and in accordance with these requirements, we file annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC, which is available at http://www.sec.gov. Our filings with the SEC are also available to the public on our website at http://www.wpcarey.com. However, the contents of our website are not incorporated by reference into this prospectus. We have filed this prospectus with the SEC as part of a registration statement on Form S-3. This prospectus does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement.

        We "incorporate by reference" certain information from filings with the SEC, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is an important part of this prospectus, and any information contained in this prospectus or in any document incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus will be deemed to have been modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained in this prospectus, or, if applicable, the accompanying prospectus supplement, or in any other document we subsequently file with the SEC that also is incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus, modifies or supersedes the original statement. Any statement so modified or superseded will not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to be a part of this prospectus.

        We incorporate by reference the documents listed below and any future filings made by W. P. Carey with the SEC under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act between the date of this prospectus and the termination of the offering of Securities described in this prospectus; provided, however, that we are not incorporating by reference any documents, portions of documents, exhibits or other information that is deemed to have been "furnished" to and not "filed" with the SEC:

W. P. Carey SEC Filings (File No. 001-13779)
  Period and/or Date Filed
Annual Report of W. P. Carey on Form 10-K   Fiscal Year ended December 31, 2018, filed on February 25, 2019
Current Reports on Form 8-K   Filed on the following dates: November 19, 2018 (Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2), February 28, 2019, June 14, 2019 and June 14, 2019
Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A   Filed on April 4, 2019
Definitive Additional Materials on Schedule 14A   Filed on April 4, 2019
Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q   For the quarter ended March 31, 2019, filed on May 3, 2019 and for the quarter ended June 30, 2019, filed on August 2, 2019

        You may request a copy of any documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement, at no cost, by writing or telephoning us at the following address and telephone number:

W. P. Carey Inc.
Attention: Investor Relations
50 Rockefeller Plaza
New York, New York 10020
Tel: 212-492-1100

        Exhibits to the filings will not be sent, however, unless those exhibits have specifically been incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement.

3


Table of Contents


THE REGISTRANTS

W. P. Carey Inc.

        W. P. Carey is an internally-managed diversified REIT and a leading owner of commercial real estate, net-leased to companies located primarily in the United States and Northern and Western Europe on a long-term basis. The vast majority of our revenues originate from lease revenue provided by our real estate portfolio, which is comprised primarily of single-tenant industrial, warehouse, office, retail, and self-storage facilities that are critical to our tenants' operations. Our portfolio is comprised of 1,198 properties, net-leased to 320 tenants in 25 countries. As of June 30, 2019, approximately 64% of our contractual minimum annualized base rent was generated by properties located in the United States and approximately 34% was generated by properties located in Europe. In addition, our portfolio includes 26 operating properties, comprised of 24 self-storage properties and two hotels, substantially all of which we acquired in connection with the CPA:17 Merger, as described below.

        The vast majority of our net leases specify a base rent with scheduled rent increases (either fixed or tied to inflation) and require the tenant to pay substantially all of the costs associated with operating and maintaining the property. We actively manage our real estate portfolio to try to mitigate risk with respect to changes in tenant credit quality and the likelihood of lease renewal.

        We also earn fees and other income by managing the portfolios of certain non-traded investment programs through our investment management business. In June 2017, we exited non-traded retail fundraising activities and no longer sponsor new investment programs. On October 31, 2018, one of our former investment programs, Corporate Property Associates 17—Global Incorporated ("CPA:17"), merged into one of our wholly-owned subsidiaries (the "CPA:17 Merger"), which added approximately $5.6 billion of assets to our portfolio. The unaudited pro forma statement of income for the year ended December 31, 2018 reflecting W. P. Carey's results as if the CPA:17 Merger occurred as of January 1, 2018 has been filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part.

        Our shares of Common Stock are listed on the NYSE under the ticker symbol "WPC." Headquartered in New York, we also have offices in Dallas, London and Amsterdam. At June 30, 2019, we employed 199 individuals globally. Our principal executive offices are located at 50 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, New York 10020. Our telephone number is (212) 492-1100. Investors can find press releases, financial filings and other information about us on our website at http://www.wpcarey.com. However, the contents of our website are not incorporated by reference into this prospectus.

WPC Eurobond B.V.

        WPC Finance is an indirect, 100%-owned subsidiary of the Company. Its telephone number is +31 (0)20 333 1450. WPC Finance is a finance subsidiary and currently has no assets, operations, revenues or cash flows, other than those relating to the issuance of the WPC Finance Debt Securities being registered that are guaranteed by the Company. WPC Finance is incorporated under Dutch law as a private company with limited liability (besloten vennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid), with its corporate seat in Amsterdam, the Netherlands and office address at Strawinskylaan 741, Tower C, 7th Floor, 1077 XX Amsterdam, the Netherlands, registered with the Trade Register under number 67078028.

4


Table of Contents


RISK FACTORS

        Investing in our Securities involves risks. In evaluating an investment in our Securities, you should carefully consider the risk factors incorporated by reference to our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q or Current Reports on Form 8-K that we file after the date of this prospectus, and all other information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus, as updated by our subsequent filings under the Exchange Act, and the risk factors and other information contained in the applicable prospectus supplement before acquiring any of such Securities. The risks and uncertainties included or incorporated, or deemed to be incorporated, by reference in this prospectus are those that we currently believe may materially affect our company. Additional risks not presently known or that are currently deemed immaterial could also materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, AFFO and prospects. The realization of any of these risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, AFFO and prospects as well as our ability to service our existing and future indebtedness. The occurrence of any of these risks might cause you to lose all or part of your investment in the offered Securities. Please also refer to the section above entitled "Forward Looking Statements."

5


Table of Contents


USE OF PROCEEDS

        Unless otherwise indicated in an applicable prospectus supplement, we intend to use the net proceeds from the sale of the Securities offered by us for working capital and other general business purposes, which may include, among other things, the repayment, redemption or refinancing of all or a portion of any indebtedness or other securities outstanding at a particular time, acquisitions, investments, share repurchases and capital expenditures. We may provide additional information on the use of the net proceeds from the sale of Securities in an applicable prospectus supplement. Pending the application of the net proceeds, we may invest the proceeds in short-term, interest-bearing instruments or other investment-grade Securities.

6


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

        The following contains a summary of certain material provisions of the W. P. Carey's Articles of Amendment and Restatement (as amended, the "Charter") and W. P. Carey's Fifth Amended and Restated Bylaws (as amended, the "Bylaws") relating to the shares of our Common Stock that are incorporated by reference into this Prospectus. The following description of the shares of Common Stock does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the Charter and Bylaws.

General

        Our Charter provides that we have authority to issue 500,000,000 shares of Capital Stock, consisting of 450,000,000 shares of Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share, and 50,000,000 shares of Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value per share. A majority of our entire board of directors, without any action by our stockholders, may amend our Charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of our Capital Stock or the number of shares of our Capital Stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue.

Common Stock

        Subject to the provisions of our Charter restricting the transfer and ownership of shares of our stock, each outstanding share of Common Stock entitles the holder to one vote on all matters submitted to a vote of stockholders, including one vote for each director to be elected in the election of directors, and, except as provided with respect to any other class or series of shares of our stock, the holders of our Common Stock possess exclusive voting power. There is no cumulative voting in the election of directors, which means that the holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of Common Stock can elect all of the directors then standing for election (and the holders of the remaining shares will not be able to elect any directors).

        In accordance with Maryland law, a Maryland corporation generally cannot dissolve, amend its charter, merge, sell all or substantially all of its assets, engage in a share exchange or engage in similar transactions outside the ordinary course of business unless declared advisable by the board of directors and approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of all votes entitled to be cast on the matter, unless a lesser percentage (but not less than a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter) is set forth in the corporation's charter. Our Charter requires the affirmative vote of the holders of not less than a majority of all of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter to approve such matters, except that any amendment to the sections of the Charter concerning the removal of directors, restrictions on transfer and ownership of shares, and the voting requirements for the amendment of such provisions must be declared advisable by the board of directors and approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of all the votes entitled to be cast on the matter.

        Maryland law permits the merger of a 90% or more owned subsidiary with or into its parent without stockholder approval provided (i) the charter of the successor is not amended other than in certain minor respects and (ii) the contract rights of any stock of the successor issued in the merger in exchange for stock of the other corporation are identical to the contract rights of the stock for which it is exchanged. Also, because Maryland law may not require the stockholders of a parent corporation to approve a merger or sale of all or substantially all of the assets of a subsidiary entity, including where a substantial number of operating assets are held by the subsidiary, as in our situation, our subsidiaries may be able to merge or sell all or substantially all of their assets without a vote of our stockholders.

        Holders of shares of our Common Stock are entitled to receive distributions paid ratably on the Common Stock if and when authorized by our board of directors and declared by us out of assets legally available for the payment of distributions. They also are entitled to share ratably in our assets legally available for distribution to our stockholders in the event of our liquidation, dissolution or

7


Table of Contents

winding up, after payment of or adequate provision has been made for all of our known debts and liabilities. These rights are subject to the preferential rights in respect of distributions or upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of any other class or series of our stock that we may subsequently classify or reclassify, and to the provisions of our Charter regarding restrictions on transfer and ownership of our stock.

        Holders of shares of our Common Stock generally have no appraisal, preference, conversion, exchange, sinking fund, redemption or preemptive rights to subscribe for any of our Securities, except as may be provided under the terms of any class or series of stock that we may subsequently classify or reclassify. Subject to the restrictions on transfer and ownership of stock contained in our Charter and the rights of any other class or series of stock that we may subsequently classify or reclassify, each share of Common Stock has equal distribution, liquidation and other rights.

        We may offer additional shares of our Common Stock for sale, in which case, we will describe the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock offered and the offering price or prices of the shares in a prospectus supplement.

Preferred Stock; Power to Reclassify Shares of Our Stock

        Our Charter authorizes our board of directors to classify any unissued shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock and to reclassify any previously classified, but unissued, shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock into one or more classes or series of stock. Prior to the issuance of shares of any class or series of stock, our board of directors is required by Maryland law and our Charter to fix the terms, preferences, conversion or other rights, voting powers, restrictions, limitations as to dividends or other distributions, qualifications and terms or conditions of redemption for each class or series of stock, in all cases, subject to the restrictions on transfer and ownership set forth in our Charter. Therefore, our board of directors could authorize the issuance of shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock with terms and conditions that could have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing a transaction or a change of control of our Company that might involve a premium price for you or otherwise be in your best interests.

        We may sell shares of Preferred Stock in one or more class or series. In a prospectus supplement, we will describe the specific designation; the aggregate number of shares offered; the dividend rate or manner of calculating the dividend rate; the dividend periods or manner of calculating the dividend periods; the ranking of the shares of the series with respect to dividends; liquidation and dissolution; the stated value of the shares of the series; the voting rights of the shares of the series; if any, whether and on what terms the shares of the series will be convertible or exchangeable; whether and on what terms we can redeem the shares of the series; whether we will list the shares of Preferred Stock on a securities exchange and any other specific terms of the class or series of Preferred Stock.

Power to Increase or Decrease Authorized Stock and Issue Additional Shares of Common Stock and Preferred Stock

        Our board of directors has the power (i) to amend our Charter from time to time to increase or decrease the aggregate number of shares of our stock or the number of shares of stock of any class or series that we have authority to issue, (ii) to issue additional shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock and (iii) to classify unissued shares of our Common Stock or Preferred Stock or reclassify any previously classified, but unissued, shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock into other classes or series of stock, and thereafter to issue the classified or reclassified shares of stock. We believe this ability provides us with increased flexibility in structuring possible future financings and acquisitions and in meeting other needs that might arise. The additional classes or series of stock, as well as our Common Stock, are available for issuance without further action by our stockholders (unless stockholder action is required by applicable law, or the rules of any stock exchange on which our

8


Table of Contents

securities may be listed, or the terms of any classes or series of stock that we may subsequently classify or reclassify). Although our board of directors does not currently intend to do so, it could authorize us to issue a class or series of Common Stock or Preferred Stock that could, depending upon the terms of the particular class or series, delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control of our Company that might involve a premium price for you or otherwise be in your best interests.

Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer

        Our Charter provides that our board of directors may decide whether it is in the best interests of our Company to qualify and maintain status as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code, as amended (the "Code"). In order to qualify as a REIT under the Code, our shares of stock must be beneficially owned by 100 or more persons during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months, or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year. Also, no more than 50% of the value of our outstanding shares of stock may be owned, directly or indirectly, by five or fewer individuals (as defined by the Code to include certain entities) during the last half of any taxable year. Neither the requirement to be held by 100 or more persons or the provision disallowing ownership by five or fewer individuals apply to the first taxable year of a REIT.

        To help us qualify as a REIT, among other purposes, our Charter, contains restrictions on the number of shares of our stock that a person may own, subject to certain exceptions. Our Charter provides that generally no person may beneficially own, or be deemed to own by virtue of the attribution provisions of the Code, either (i) more than 9.8% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the aggregate outstanding shares of our stock excluding any outstanding shares of our stock not treated as outstanding for U.S. federal income tax purposes, or (ii) more than 9.8% in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive, of the aggregate outstanding shares of our Common Stock, excluding any outstanding shares of Common Stock not treated as outstanding for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        Our Charter also prohibits any person from (i) beneficially or constructively owning shares of our stock that would result in our being "closely held" under Section 856(h) of the Code; (ii) transferring shares of our stock if such transfer would result in our stock being beneficially owned by fewer than 100 persons; (iii) beneficially or constructively owning shares of our stock that would cause us to own, directly or indirectly; 10% or more of the ownership interests in a tenant of our Company (or a tenant of any entity owned or controlled by us); (iv) beneficially or constructively owning shares of our stock that would cause any independent contractor to not be treated as such under Section 856(d)(3) of the Code; or (v) beneficially or constructively owning shares of stock that will otherwise cause us to fail to qualify as a REIT. Any person who (i) acquires or attempts or intends to acquire beneficial or constructive ownership of shares of our stock that will or may violate any of the foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership, or (ii) who would have owned shares of our stock that resulted in a transfer of shares to a charitable trust (as described below), will be required to (A) give written notice immediately to us, or in the case of a proposed or attempted transaction, to give at least 15 days' prior written notice to us, and (B) provide us with such other information as we may request in order to determine the effect of such transfer on our status as a REIT. The foregoing restrictions on transferability and ownership will not apply if our board of directors determines that it is no longer in our best interests to continue to qualify as a REIT or that compliance is no longer required for us to qualify as a REIT.

        Our board of directors, in its sole discretion, may exempt (prospectively or retroactively) a person from the above ownership limits and the restrictions described in clauses (iii) and (iv) above. However, the board of directors may not grant an exemption to any person unless the board of directors obtains such representations, covenants and undertakings as the board of directors may deem appropriate in order to determine that granting the exemption would not result in losing our status as a REIT. As a condition of granting the exemption, our board of directors may require a ruling from the

9


Table of Contents

United States Internal Revenue Service ("IRS") or an opinion of counsel, in either case in form and substance satisfactory to the board of directors in its sole discretion, in order to determine or ensure our status as a REIT.

        Our board of directors may increase or decrease the Common Stock ownership limit and/or the aggregate stock ownership limit so long as the change would not result in five or fewer persons beneficially owning more than 49.9% in value of our outstanding stock. Any decrease in the Common Stock ownership limit and/or the aggregate stock ownership limit shall not apply to any person whose percentage ownership of stock is in excess of the decreased ownership limits, until such time as such person's percentage ownership of stock equals or falls below the decreased ownership limits. Absent an exemption from the ownership limits, any further acquisition of shares of our stock by such person will be in violation of the ownership limits, unless and until such person's percentage ownership of stock falls below the ownership limit (in which case such person may acquire shares up to such ownership limits).

        Pursuant to our Charter, if any transfer of our shares of stock occurs that, if effective, would result in any person beneficially or constructively owning shares of stock in excess, or in violation, of the above ownership limitations or restrictions on transfer (a "Prohibited Owner"), then that number of shares of stock, the beneficial or constructive ownership of which would otherwise cause such person to violate the ownership limitations or restrictions on transfer (rounded up to the nearest whole share), will be automatically transferred to a charitable trust for the exclusive benefit of a charitable beneficiary and the Prohibited Owner will not acquire any rights in such shares. This automatic transfer will be considered effective as of the close of business on the business day before the violative transfer. If the transfer to the charitable trust would not be effective for any reason to prevent the violation of the above transfer or ownership limitations, then the transfer of that number of shares of stock that would otherwise cause any person to violate the above limitations will be null and void. Shares of stock held in the charitable trust will continue to constitute issued and outstanding shares of our stock. The Prohibited Owner will not benefit economically from ownership of any shares of stock held in the charitable trust, will have no rights to distributions and will not possess any rights to vote or other rights attributable to the shares of stock held in the charitable trust. The trustee of the charitable trust will be designated by us and must be unaffiliated with us or any Prohibited Owner and will have all voting rights and rights to distributions with respect to the shares of stock held in the charitable trust, and these rights will be exercised for the exclusive benefit of the trust's charitable beneficiary. Any dividend or other distribution paid before our discovery that shares of stock have been transferred to the trustee will be paid by the recipient of such dividend or distribution to the trustee upon demand, and any dividend or other distribution authorized but unpaid will be paid when due to the trustee. Any dividend or distribution so paid to the trustee will be held in trust for the trust's charitable beneficiary. The Prohibited Owner will have no voting rights with respect to shares of stock held in the charitable trust, and, subject to Maryland law, effective as of the date that such shares of stock have been transferred to the trustee, the trustee, in its sole discretion, will have the authority to:

        However, if we have already taken irreversible corporate action, then the trustee will not have the authority to rescind and recast such vote.

        Within 20 days of receiving notice from us that shares of stock have been transferred to the charitable trust, and unless we buy the shares first as described below, the trustee will sell the shares of stock held in the charitable trust to a person, designated by the trustee, whose ownership of the shares will not violate the ownership limitations in our Charter. Upon the sale, the interest of the charitable

10


Table of Contents

beneficiary in the shares sold will terminate and the trustee will distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner and to the charitable beneficiary. The Prohibited Owner will receive the lesser of:

        The trustee may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and other distributions paid to the Prohibited Owner and owed by the Prohibited Owner to the trustee. Any net sale proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner will be paid immediately to the charitable beneficiary. If, before our discovery that shares of stock have been transferred to the charitable trust, such shares are sold by a Prohibited Owner, then:

        In addition, shares of stock held in the charitable trust will be deemed to have been offered for sale to us, or our designee, at a price per share equal to the lesser of:

        We may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and other distributions paid to the Prohibited Owner and owed by the Prohibited Owner to the trustee. We may pay the amount of such reduction to the trustee for the benefit of the charitable beneficiary. We will have the right to accept the offer until the trustee has sold the shares of stock held in the charitable trust. Upon such a sale to us, the interest of the charitable beneficiary in the shares sold will terminate, the trustee will distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner and any distributions held by the trustee will be paid to the charitable beneficiary.

        All certificates, if any, representing shares of our stock will bear a legend referring to the restrictions described above.

        Every owner of more than 5% (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the regulations promulgated thereunder) in value of the outstanding shares of our stock, within 30 days after the end of each taxable year, must give written notice to us stating the name and address of such owner, the number of shares of each class and series of shares of our stock that the owner beneficially owns, and a description of the manner in which the shares are held. Each such owner must also provide to us such additional information as we may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of the owner's beneficial ownership on our status as a REIT and to ensure compliance with our ownership limitations. In addition, each of our stockholders, whether or not an owner of 5% or more of our stock, must, upon demand, provide to us such information as we may request, in good faith, in order to determine our status as a REIT and to comply with the requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance and to ensure our compliance with the ownership restrictions in our Charter.

11


Table of Contents

        The ownership and transfer limitations in our Charter could delay, defer or prevent a transaction or a change in control of us that might involve a premium price for holders of our stock or might otherwise be in the best interests of our stockholders.

Business Combinations

        Maryland law prohibits "business combinations" between us and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder for five years after the most recent date on which the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder. These business combinations include a merger, consolidation, share exchange, or, in circumstances specified in the statute, an asset transfer or issuance or transfer of equity securities, liquidation plan or reclassification of equity securities. Maryland law defines an interested stockholder as:

        A person is not an interested stockholder if our board of directors approves the transaction by which the person otherwise would have become an interested stockholder in advance. However, in approving a transaction, our board of directors may provide that its approval is subject to compliance, at or after the time of approval, with any terms and conditions determined by our board of directors.

        After the five-year prohibition and in addition to any vote otherwise required by Maryland law and our Charter, any business combination between us and an interested stockholder or an affiliate of an interested stockholder generally must be recommended by our board of directors and approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least:

        These super-majority vote requirements do not apply if our common stockholders receive a minimum price, as defined under Maryland law, for their shares in the form of cash or other consideration in the same form as previously paid by the interested stockholder for its stock.

        The statute permits various exemptions from its provisions, including business combinations that are approved or exempted by the board of directors before the time that the interested stockholder becomes an interested stockholder.

        Pursuant to the statute, our board of directors, by resolution, has exempted any business combinations between us and any person who is an existing, or becomes in the future an, "interested stockholder." Consequently, the five-year prohibition and the supermajority vote requirements will not apply to business combinations between us and any such person. As a result, such persons may be able to enter into business combinations with us that may not be in the best interest of our stockholders, without compliance with the super-majority vote requirements and the other provisions of the statute. Additionally, this resolution may be altered, revoked or repealed in whole or in part at any time and we may opt back into the business combination provisions of the Maryland General Corporation Law (the "MGCL"). If this resolution is revoked or repealed, the statute may discourage others from trying to acquire control of us and increase the difficulty of consummating any offer.

12


Table of Contents

Control Share Acquisitions

        Maryland law provides that holders of "control shares" of a Maryland corporation acquired in a "control share acquisition" have no voting rights, except to the extent approved by the affirmative vote of stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter. Shares owned by the acquiror or by officers or by employees who are also our directors are excluded from the shares entitled to vote on the matter. "Control shares" are voting shares of stock that, if aggregated with all other shares of stock currently owned by the acquiring person, or in respect of which the acquiring person is able to exercise or direct the exercise of voting power (except solely by virtue of a revocable proxy), would entitle the acquiring person to exercise voting power in electing directors within one of the following ranges of voting power:

        Control shares do not include shares the acquiring person is then entitled to vote as a result of having previously obtained stockholder approval. A "control share acquisition" means the acquisition of issued and outstanding control shares, subject to certain exceptions. A person who has made or proposes to make a control share acquisition may compel our board of directors to call a special meeting of stockholders to be held within 50 days of the demand to consider the voting rights of the shares. The right to compel the calling of a special meeting is subject to the satisfaction of certain conditions, including an undertaking to pay the expenses of the meeting. If no request for a meeting is made, we may present the question at any stockholders' meeting.

        If voting rights are not approved at the stockholders' meeting or if the acquiring person does not deliver the statement required by Maryland law, then, subject to certain conditions and limitations, we may redeem any or all of the control shares for fair value, except those for which voting rights have previously been approved. Fair value is determined, without regard to the absence of voting rights for the control shares, as of the date of the last control share acquisition by the acquiror or of any meeting of stockholders at which the voting rights of the shares were considered and not approved. If voting rights for control shares are approved at a stockholders' meeting and the acquiror becomes entitled to vote a majority of the shares entitled to vote, all other stockholders may exercise appraisal rights. The fair value of the shares for purposes of these appraisal rights may not be less than the highest price per share paid by the acquiror in the control share acquisition. The control share acquisition statute does not apply to shares acquired in a merger, consolidation or share exchange if we are a party to the transaction, nor does it apply to acquisitions approved by or exempted by our Charter or Bylaws.

        Our Bylaws contain a provision exempting from the control share acquisition statute any and all acquisitions by any person of our stock and, consequently, the control share acquisition statute will not apply to us unless our board of directors later amends our Bylaws to modify or eliminate this provision, which it may do without stockholder approval, and which it may make effective prospectively or retrospectively.

Maryland Unsolicited Takeovers Act

        Subtitle 8 of Title 3 of the MGCL permits a Maryland corporation with (i) a class of equity securities registered under the Exchange Act and (ii) at least three independent directors, to elect to be subject, by provision in its charter or bylaws or a resolution of its board of directors and notwithstanding any contrary provision in the charter or bylaws, to any or all of five provisions:

13


Table of Contents

        In our Charter, we have elected under Section 3-804(c) of the MGCL that vacancies on our board of directors be filled only by the remaining directors, even if the remaining directors do not constitute a quorum, and for the remainder of the full term of the directorship in which the vacancy occurred.

        Through provisions in our Charter and Bylaws unrelated to Subtitle 8 of Title 3 of the MGCL, we (i) require the affirmative vote of the stockholders entitled to cast at least two-thirds of all votes entitled to be cast generally in the election of directors for the removal of any director from the board of directors, (ii) vest in the board of directors the exclusive power to fix the number of directorships and (iii) provide that unless called by the Chairman of our board of directors, our President, our Chief Executive Officer or our board of directors, a special meeting of stockholders may only be called by our Corporate Secretary upon the written request of (and satisfaction of certain procedural and information requirements by) the stockholders entitled to cast not less than a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on any matter that may be properly considered at the meeting.

        In January 2015, our board of directors resolved to opt out of the provision of the Maryland Unsolicited Takeover Act that, absent such resolution, would have permitted our board of directors to unilaterally divide itself into classes without stockholder approval (commonly referred to as a "classified board"). Although we did not have a classified board at that time, by opting out of this provision our board of directors cannot elect to become a classified board in the future without approval of the stockholders.

Transfer Agent and Registrar

        The transfer agent and registrar for our Common Stock is Computershare Investor Services.

Authorized but Unissued Capital Stock

        The listing requirements of the NYSE, which applies so long as our shares of Common Stock are listed on the NYSE, require stockholder approval of certain issuances equal to or exceeding 20% of the then-outstanding voting power or then-outstanding number of shares of our Common Stock.

14


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF DEPOSITARY SHARES

        We may issue Depositary Shares, each of which will represent a fractional interest in a share of a particular class or series of our Preferred Stock, as specified in the applicable prospectus supplement. Shares of a class or series of Preferred Stock represented by Depositary Shares will be deposited under a separate deposit agreement that we will enter into with a bank or trust company named therein, as depositary (such depositary receipts will evidence the Depositary Shares). Subject to the terms of the deposit agreement, each owner of a depositary receipt will be entitled, in proportion to the fractional interest in a share of a particular class or series of Preferred Stock represented by the Depositary Shares evidenced by that depositary receipt, to the rights and preferences of, and will be subject to the limitations and restrictions on, the class or series of Preferred Stock represented by those Depositary Shares (including, if applicable, dividend, voting, conversion, redemption and liquidation rights).

        Some of the particular terms of the Depositary Shares offered by the applicable prospectus supplement, as well as some of the terms of the related deposit agreement, will be described in the prospectus supplement, which may also include a discussion of certain U.S. federal income tax consequences.

        Copies of the applicable form of deposit agreement and depositary receipt will be filed with the SEC as an exhibit to, or incorporated by reference in, the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. The statements in this prospectus relating to any deposit agreement, the depositary receipts to be issued thereunder and the related Depositary Shares are summaries of certain anticipated provisions thereof and do not purport to be complete and are subject to, and qualified in their entirety by reference to, all of the provisions of the applicable deposit agreement and related depositary receipts. Accordingly, you should read the form of deposit agreement and depositary receipt in their entirety before making an investment decision.

        In a prospectus supplement, we will describe the particular combination of Securities constituting any Depositary Shares and any other specific terms.

15


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF STOCK PURCHASE CONTRACTS
AND STOCK PURCHASE UNITS

        The following summarizes the general terms of stock purchase contracts and stock purchase units that we may issue. The particular terms of any stock purchase contracts or stock purchase units that we offer will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. This description is subject to the stock purchase contracts, and any collateral arrangements and depositary arrangements, relating to the stock purchase contracts or stock purchase units.

        We may issue stock purchase contracts, including contracts obligating holders to purchase from us, and obligating us to sell to the holders, a specified number of shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock at a future date or dates. We may fix the consideration per share of our Common Stock or Preferred Stock at the time we issue the stock purchase contracts, or the consideration may be determined by referring to a specific formula stated in the stock purchase contracts. We may issue the stock purchase contracts separately or as part of stock purchase units consisting of a stock purchase contract and Company Debt Securities, preferred securities, Warrants or debt obligations of third parties, including U.S. Treasury securities, which secure the holders' obligations to purchase the Common Stock or Preferred Stock under the stock purchase contracts. The stock purchase contracts may require us to make periodic payments to the holders of the stock purchase units or vice versa. These payments may be unsecured or prefunded on some basis. The stock purchase contracts may require holders to secure their obligations in a specified manner.

        In a prospectus supplement, we will describe the particular combination of Securities constituting any Purchase Agreement and any other specific terms.

16


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF WARRANTS

        We may issue separately, or together with shares of our Preferred Stock or Common Stock offered by any prospectus supplement, Warrants for the purchase of additional shares of Preferred Stock or Common Stock. The Warrants may be issued under warrant agreements to be entered into between us and a bank or trust company, as warrant agent, and may be represented by certificates evidencing the Warrants, all as set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the particular series of Warrants.

        The following summaries of certain provisions of the Warrants are not complete and are subject to, and are qualified in their entirety by reference to, all the provisions of any related Warrant agreement and Warrant certificate, which will be filed with the SEC as an exhibit to, or incorporated by reference in, the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part. A prospectus supplement will describe the terms of the Warrants in respect to which this prospectus is being delivered including, where applicable, the following:

        The exercise of any Warrants will be subject to, and limited by, the transfer and ownership restrictions in our Charter. See "Description of Capital Stock—Restrictions on Ownership and Transfer."

        We may sell Warrants to purchase our Common Stock or Preferred Stock. In a prospectus supplement, we will inform you of the exercise price and other specific terms of the Warrants, including whether our or your obligations, if any, under any Warrants may be satisfied by delivering or purchasing the underlying Securities or their cash value.

17


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF COMPANY DEBT SECURITIES

        The Company Debt Securities will be issued in one or more series under an indenture between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. We have filed a copy of the indenture with the SEC. References herein to the "Company Indenture" refer to such indenture and references to the "Trustee" in this "Description of Company Debt Securities" refer to such trustee or any other trustee for any particular series of Company Debt Securities issued under the Company Indenture. The terms of the Company Debt Securities of any series will be those specified in or pursuant to the Company Indenture and in the applicable Company Debt Securities of that series and those made part of the Company Indenture by the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended (the "Trust Indenture Act").

        The following description of Company Debt Securities describes general terms and provisions of the series of Company Debt Securities to which any prospectus supplement may relate. When the Company Debt Securities of a particular series are offered for sale, the specific terms of such Company Debt Securities will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. If any terms of such Company Debt Securities described in a prospectus supplement are inconsistent with any of the terms of the Company Debt Securities generally described in this prospectus, then the terms described in the applicable prospectus supplement will supersede the terms described in this prospectus.

        The following description of selected provisions of the Company Indenture and the Company Debt Securities is not complete, and the description of selected terms of the Company Debt Securities of a particular series included in the applicable prospectus supplement also will not be complete. You should review the form of the Company Indenture and the form of the applicable Company Debt Securities, which forms have been or will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part or as exhibits to documents that have been or will be incorporated by reference in this prospectus. To obtain a copy of the form of the Company Indenture or the form of the applicable Company Debt Securities, see "Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference" in this prospectus. The following description of Company Debt Securities and the description of the Company Debt Securities of a particular series in the applicable prospectus supplement are qualified in their entirety by reference to all of the provisions of the Company Indenture and the applicable Company Debt Securities, which provisions, including defined terms, are, or will be, incorporated by reference in this prospectus, and to those made part of the Company Indenture by the Trust Indenture Act. Capitalized terms used but not defined in the following description shall have the meanings assigned to those terms in the Company Indenture or, if applicable, the Company Debt Securities.

        The Company Debt Securities will be obligations solely of the Company and will not be obligations of, or directly or indirectly guaranteed by, any of its subsidiaries or any other entity. Accordingly, the Company Debt Securities are structurally subordinated to the liabilities of, and any preferred equity in, its subsidiaries and, as a result, the Company's right to participate as a common equity holder of a subsidiary in any distribution of assets of such subsidiary upon such subsidiary's liquidation or otherwise, and thus the ability of the holders of the Company Debt Securities to benefit from such distribution, is junior to creditors and any preferred equity holders of such subsidiary, except to the extent that any claims the Company may have as a creditor or preferred equity holder of such subsidiary are recognized. The Company may also guarantee obligations of its direct or indirect subsidiaries. Any liability the Company may have for its subsidiaries' obligations could reduce its assets that are available to satisfy its direct creditors, including holders of the Company Debt Securities. In addition, the Company Debt Securities will rank junior to the Company's secured debt to the extent of the value of the collateral security securing the same.

General

        The Company Debt Securities will constitute the unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of the Company and will rank on parity in right of payment among themselves and with all of the Company's

18


Table of Contents

other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The Company may issue an unlimited principal amount of the Company Debt Securities under the Company Indenture. The Company Indenture provides that the Company Debt Securities of any series may be issued up to the aggregate principal amount that may be authorized from time to time by the Company. Please read the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the Company Debt Securities of the particular series being offered thereby for selected terms of such Company Debt Securities, including, without limitation, where applicable:

19


Table of Contents

        As used in this prospectus, references to the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on, the Company Debt Securities of a series include Additional Amounts, if any, payable on the Company Debt Securities of such series in that context.

        The Company may issue the Company Debt Securities as original issue discount ("OID") securities to be sold at a substantial discount below their principal amount. In the event of an acceleration of the maturity of any OID security, the amount payable to the holder upon acceleration will be determined in the manner described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Important U.S. federal income tax and other considerations applicable to OID securities will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

        The terms of the Company Debt Securities of any series may be inconsistent with the terms of the Company Debt Securities of any other series. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Company may, without the consent of, or notice to, the holders of the Company Debt Securities of any series, reopen an existing series of the Company Debt Securities and issue additional Company Debt Securities of that series.

        Other than to the extent provided in "—Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets" below or to the extent provided with respect to the Company Debt Securities of a particular series and described in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Company Indenture will not contain any provisions that would limit the Company's ability to incur indebtedness or to substantially reduce or eliminate its consolidated assets or that would afford holders of the Company Debt Securities protection in the event of:

        Accordingly, the Company's ability to service its indebtedness (including the Company Debt Securities) could be materially and adversely affected in the future.

Registration, Transfer, Payment and Paying Agent

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, each series of the Company Debt Securities will be issued in registered form only, without coupons.

20


Table of Contents

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Company Debt Securities will be payable and may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange at an office of the Company or an agent of the Company in The City of New York. However, the Company, at its option, may make payments of interest on any interest payment date for a Company Debt Security by check mailed to the address of the person entitled to receive that payment or by wire transfer to an account maintained by the payee with a bank located in the United States.

        Any interest not punctually paid, or duly provided for, on any interest payment date with respect to the Company Debt Securities of any series will forthwith cease to be payable to the holders of those Company Debt Securities on the applicable regular record date and may be paid to the persons in whose names those Company Debt Securities are registered at the close of business on a special record date for the payment of the interest not punctually paid or duly provided for to be fixed by the Trustee or the Company, notice whereof shall be given to the holders of those Company Debt Securities not less than 10 days prior to the special record date, or may be paid at any time in any other lawful manner, all as completely set forth in the Company Indenture.

        Subject to certain limitations imposed on the Company Debt Securities issued in book-entry form, the Company Debt Securities of any series will be exchangeable for other Company Debt Securities of the same series and of a like aggregate principal amount and tenor of different authorized denominations, upon surrender of those Company Debt Securities at the designated place or places. In addition, subject to certain limitations imposed upon the Company Debt Securities issued in book-entry form, the Company Debt Securities of any series may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange thereof at the designated place or places if duly endorsed or accompanied by a written instrument of transfer. No service charge shall be made for any registration of transfer or exchange, redemption or repurchase of the Company Debt Securities, but the Company may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with certain of those transactions.

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Company will not be required to:

Outstanding Company Debt Securities

        In determining whether the holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding Company Debt Securities have given any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent or waiver under the Company Indenture:

21


Table of Contents

Redemption and Repurchase

        The Company Debt Securities of any series may be redeemable at the Company's option or may be subject to mandatory redemption by the Company as required by a sinking fund or otherwise. In addition, the Company Debt Securities of any series may be subject to repurchase by the Company at the option of the holders thereof. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the terms and conditions regarding any optional or mandatory redemption or optional repurchase of the Company Debt Securities of the particular series.

Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets

        The Company Indenture provides that the Company may not, in any transaction or series of related transactions, (i) consolidate or amalgamate with or merge into any other person or (ii) sell, lease, assign, transfer or otherwise convey all or substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any other person, in each case, unless:

        Upon any consolidation or amalgamation by the Company with, or the Company's merger into, any other person or any sale, lease, assignment, transfer or other conveyance of all or substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any person, in each case in accordance with the provisions of the Company Indenture described above, the successor person formed by the consolidation or amalgamation or into which the Company is merged or to which such sale, lease, assignment, transfer or other conveyance is made, as applicable, shall succeed to, and be substituted for, the Company and may exercise every right and power of the Company under the Company Indenture with the same effect as if such successor person had been named as the Company in the Company Indenture; and thereafter, the predecessor person shall be released from all of its

22


Table of Contents

obligations and covenants under the Company Indenture and the outstanding Company Debt Securities.

Events of Default

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, an Event of Default with respect to the Company Debt Securities of any series is defined in the Company Indenture as being:

        No Event of Default with respect to any particular series of the Company Debt Securities necessarily constitutes an Event of Default with respect to any other series of the Company Debt Securities. The Trustee is required to give notice to holders of the Company Debt Securities of the applicable series within 90 days after a responsible officer of the Trustee has actual knowledge of a default relating to such Company Debt Securities.

        If an Event of Default specified in clause (vi) above occurs, then the principal amount of all the outstanding Company Debt Securities and unpaid interest, if any, accrued thereon shall automatically become immediately due and payable. If any other Event of Default with respect to the outstanding Debt Securities of the applicable series occurs and is continuing, either the Trustee or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the Company Debt Securities of that series then outstanding may declare the principal amount of, or if the Company Debt Securities of that series are OID securities such lesser amount as may be specified in the terms of, the Company Debt Securities of that series, and unpaid interest, if any, accrued thereon to be due and payable immediately. However, upon specified conditions, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the Company

23


Table of Contents

Debt Securities of that series then outstanding may rescind and annul any such declaration of acceleration and its consequences.

        The Company Indenture provides that no holders of the Company Debt Securities of any series may institute any proceedings, judicial or otherwise, with respect to the Company Indenture, or for the appointment of a receiver or Trustee, or for any remedy thereunder, except in the case of failure of the Trustee, for 60 days, to act after it has received a written request to institute proceedings in respect of an Event of Default from the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of that series, as well as an offer of indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it, and no inconsistent direction has been given to the Trustee during such 60 day period by the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of that series. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Company Indenture, each holder of a Company Debt Security will have the right, which is absolute and unconditional, to receive payment of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, and any Additional Amounts on, that Company Debt Security on the respective due dates for those payments and to institute suit for the enforcement of those payments, and this right shall not be impaired without the consent of such holder.

        Subject to the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act requiring the Trustee, during the continuance of an Event of Default under the Company Indenture, to act with the requisite standard of care, the Trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under the Company Indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of the Company Debt Securities of any series unless those holders have offered the Trustee indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it. The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee, or of exercising any trust or power conferred upon the Trustee, provided that the direction would not conflict with any rule or law or with the Company Indenture or with any series of the Company Debt Securities, such direction would not be unduly prejudicial to the rights of any other holder of the Company Debt Securities of that series (or the Company Debt Securities of any other series), and the Trustee may take any other action deemed proper by the Trustee which is not inconsistent with such direction.

        Within 120 days after the close of each fiscal year, the Company must deliver to the Trustee an officer's certificate stating whether or not the certifying officer has knowledge of any Event of Default or default which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would become an Event of Default under the Company Indenture and, if so, specifying each such default and the nature and status thereof.

Modification, Waivers and Meetings

        The Company Indenture permits the Company and the Trustee, with the consent of the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of each series issued under the Company Indenture and affected by a modification or amendment (voting as separate classes), to modify or amend any of the provisions of the Company Indenture or of the Company Debt Securities of the applicable series or the rights of the holders of the Company Debt Securities of the applicable series under the Company Indenture. However, no modification or amendment shall, without the consent of the holder of each outstanding Company Debt Security affected thereby:

24


Table of Contents

        The Company Indenture also contains provisions permitting the Company and the Trustee, without the consent of the holders of any Company Debt Securities, to modify or amend the Company Indenture, among other things:

25


Table of Contents

        The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of any series may, on behalf of all holders of the Company Debt Securities of that series, waive any continuing default under the Company Indenture with respect to the Company Debt Securities of that series and its consequences, except a default (i) in the payment of principal of, or premium, if any, or interest, if any, on, the Company Debt Securities of that series, or (ii) in respect of a covenant or provision that cannot be modified or amended without the consent of the holder of each outstanding Company Debt Security of the affected series.

        The Company Indenture contains provisions for convening meetings of the holders of the Company Debt Securities. A meeting may be called at any time by the Trustee, the Company or the holders of at least 10% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of any series. Notice of a meeting must be given in accordance with the provisions of the Company Indenture. Except for any consent or waiver that must be given by the holder of each outstanding Company Debt Security affected in the manner described above, any resolution presented at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum, as described below, is present may be adopted by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of the applicable series. However, any resolution with respect to any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver, or other action that may be made, given or taken by the holders of a specified percentage, other than a majority, in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of a series may be adopted at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum is present by the affirmative vote of the holders of that specified percentage in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of that series. Any resolution passed or decision taken at any meeting of holders of the Company Debt Securities of any series duly held in accordance with the Company Indenture will be binding on all holders of the Company Debt Securities of that series. The quorum at any meeting called to adopt a resolution, and at any reconvened meeting, will be persons holding or representing a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of the applicable series, subject to exceptions; provided, however, that if any action is to be taken at that meeting with respect to a consent or waiver that may be given by the holders of a supermajority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of a series, the persons holding or representing that specified supermajority percentage in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding Company Debt Securities of that series will constitute a quorum.

Book-Entry Procedures

        Company Debt Securities of a series may be represented by one or more Company Debt Securities of such series in global form. References to "global note" in this "Description of Company Debt Securities" refer to such global note(s). Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, global notes will be deposited upon issuance with the Trustee as custodian for DTC, in New York, New York, and registered in the name of DTC or its nominee. Each global note will be credited to the account of a direct or indirect participant in DTC as described below.

        Except as set forth below, a global note may be transferred, in whole and not in part, only to another nominee of DTC or to a successor of DTC or its nominee. Beneficial interests in a global note

26


Table of Contents

may not be exchanged for Company Debt Securities in certificated form except as described below under "Exchanges of Global Note for Certificated Company Debt Securities."

        A beneficial ownership interest in a global note may not be exchanged for the Company Debt Securities of the same series in certificated form unless:

        DTC has indicated that it intends to use the following procedures for the global notes. DTC may change these procedures from time to time. Neither the Company nor WPC Finance is responsible for these procedures. You should contact DTC or its participants directly to discuss these matters.

        DTC is a limited-purpose trust company organized under the New York Banking Law, a "banking organization" within the meaning of the New York Banking Law, a member of the Federal Reserve System, a "clearing corporation" within the meaning of the New York Uniform Commercial Code, and a "clearing agency" registered pursuant to the provisions of Section 17A of the Exchange Act. DTC holds securities that DTC's participants ("Direct Participants") deposit with DTC. DTC also facilitates the post-trade settlement among Direct Participants of securities transactions in deposited securities, through electronic computerized book-entry transfers and pledges between Direct Participants' accounts. This system eliminates the need for physical movement of securities certificates. Direct participants include both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations, and certain other organizations. Access to the DTC system is also available to others such as both U.S. and non-U.S. securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, and clearing corporations that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a direct participant, either directly or indirectly ("Indirect Participants"). DTC rules applicable to its participants are on file with the SEC. More information about DTC can be found at www.dtcc.com.

        Purchases of the Company Debt Securities under the DTC system must be made by or through Direct Participants, which will receive a credit for the securities on DTC's records. The beneficial ownership interest of each actual purchaser ("Beneficial Owner") is in turn to be recorded on the direct and Indirect Participants' records. Beneficial Owners will not receive written confirmation from DTC of their purchase. Beneficial Owners are, however, expected to receive written confirmations providing details of the transaction, as well as periodic statements of their holdings, from the Direct Participants or Indirect Participants through which the Beneficial Owner entered into the transaction. Transfers of beneficial ownership interests in a global note are to be accomplished by entries made on the books of Direct Participant and Indirect Participants acting on behalf of Beneficial Owners. Beneficial Owners will not receive certificates representing their Beneficial Ownership interests in a global note, except in the event that use of the book-entry system for their Company Debt Securities are discontinued.

        To facilitate subsequent transfers, all global notes deposited by Direct Participants with DTC will be registered in the name of DTC's partnership nominee, ("Cede & Co."), or such other name as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. The deposit of global notes with DTC and their registration in the name of Cede & Co. or such other DTC nominee do not effect any change in

27


Table of Contents

Beneficial Ownership. DTC has no knowledge of the actual Beneficial Owners of global notes; DTC's records reflect only the identity of the Direct Participants to whose accounts a global note is credited, which may or may not be the Beneficial Owners. The Direct Participants and Indirect Participants will remain responsible for keeping account of their holdings on behalf of their customers.

        AS LONG AS DTC, OR ITS NOMINEE, IS THE REGISTERED HOLDER OF A GLOBAL NOTE, DTC OR ITS NOMINEE, AS THE CASE MAY BE, WILL BE CONSIDERED THE SOLE OWNER AND HOLDER OF THE COMPANY DEBT SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THE GLOBAL NOTE FOR ALL PURPOSES UNDER THE INDENTURE AND THE COMPANY DEBT SECURITIES.

        The laws of some U.S. states require that persons take physical delivery in definitive form of securities that they own. The ability to transfer beneficial ownership interests in a global note to such persons may be limited to that extent. Because DTC can act only on behalf of its Direct Participants, which in turn act on behalf of Indirect Participants and banks, the ability of a person having a beneficial ownership interest in a global note to pledge such interest to persons that do not participate in the DTC system, or take other actions in respect of such interest, may be affected by the lack of a physical certificate.

        Conveyance of notices and other communications by DTC to Direct Participants, by Direct Participants to Indirect Participants, and by Direct Participants and Indirect Participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time.

        Neither DTC nor Cede & Co. (nor any other DTC nominee) will consent or vote with respect to a global note unless authorized by a Direct Participant in accordance with DTC's procedures. Under its usual procedures, DTC will mail an omnibus proxy to the Company as soon as possible after the record date. The omnibus proxy assigns Cede & Co.'s consenting or voting rights to those Direct Participants to whose accounts a global note is credited on the record date (identified in a listing attached to the omnibus proxy).

        Payments of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on, global notes will be made to Cede & Co., or such other nominee as may be requested by an authorized representative of DTC. DTC's practice is to credit Direct Participants' accounts upon DTC's receipt of funds on the payment date in accordance with their respective holdings shown on DTC's records. Payments by participants to Beneficial Owners will be governed by standing instructions and customary practices, as is the case with securities held for the accounts of customers in bearer form or registered in "street name," and will be the responsibility of each participant and not of DTC, the Trustee or the Company, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. Payment of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on the global notes to DTC will be the responsibility of the Company, disbursement of such payments to Direct Participants will be the responsibility of DTC, and disbursement of such payments to the Beneficial Owners will be the responsibility of the Direct Participants and the Indirect Participants.

        The Company will send any redemption or repurchase notices to DTC. If less than all of the Company Debt Securities of a particular series are being redeemed or repurchased, DTC's practice is to determine by lot the amount of the interest of each Direct Participant in such issue to be redeemed or repurchased.

        DTC may discontinue providing its services as depositary with respect to global notes at any time by giving reasonable notice to the Company or the Trustee. Under such circumstances, in the event that a successor depositary is not obtained, Company Debt Securities in certificated form are required to be printed and delivered.

28


Table of Contents

        The Company may decide to discontinue use of the system of book-entry-only transfers through DTC (or a successor securities depositary). In that event, the Company Debt Securities in certificated form will be printed and delivered to DTC.

        The information in this section concerning DTC and DTC's book-entry system has been obtained from sources that the Company believes to be reliable, but it takes no responsibility for the accuracy or completeness thereof.

        Neither the Company, the Trustee nor their respective agents are responsible for the performance by DTC or its Direct Participants or Indirect Participants of their obligations under the rules and procedures governing their operations.

Discharge, Legal Defeasance and Covenant Defeasance

        Upon the Company's direction, the Company Indenture shall cease to be of further effect with respect to the Company Debt Securities of any series specified by the Company, subject to the survival of specified provisions of the Company Indenture, including (unless the accompanying prospectus supplement provides otherwise) the Company's obligation to repurchase such Company Debt Securities at the option of the holders thereof, if applicable, and the Company's obligation to pay Additional Amounts in respect of such Company Debt Securities to the extent described below, when:

        If the Company Debt Securities of any series provide for the payment of Additional Amounts, the Company will remain obligated, following the deposit described above, to pay Additional Amounts on those Company Debt Securities to the extent that they exceed the amount deposited in respect of those Additional Amounts as described above.

29


Table of Contents

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Company may elect with respect to the Company Debt Securities of the particular series either:

        The Company Legal Defeasance or Company Covenant Defeasance described above shall only be effective if, among other things:

30


Table of Contents

        In the event the Company effects Company Covenant Defeasance with respect to the Company Debt Securities of any series and those Company Debt Securities are declared due and payable because of the occurrence of any Event of Default other than an Event of Default with respect to the covenants as to which Company Covenant Defeasance has been effected, which covenants would no longer be applicable to the Company Debt Securities of that series after Company Covenant Defeasance, the amount of monies and/or government obligations deposited with the Trustee to effect Company Covenant Defeasance may not be sufficient to pay amounts due on the Company Debt Securities of that series at the time of any acceleration resulting from that Event of Default. However, the Company would remain liable to make payment of those amounts due at the time of acceleration.

        The applicable prospectus supplement may further describe the provisions, if any, permitting or restricting Company Legal Defeasance or Company Covenant Defeasance with respect to the Company Debt Securities of a particular series.

Concerning the Trustee

        There may be more than one Trustee under the Company Indenture, each with respect to one or more series of the Company Debt Securities. If there are different Trustees for different series of the Company Debt Securities, each Trustee will be a trustee separate and apart from any other Trustee under the Company Indenture. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, any action permitted to be taken by a Trustee may be taken by such Trustee only with respect to the one or

31


Table of Contents

more series of Debt Securities for which it is the Trustee under the Company Indenture. Any Trustee under the Company Indenture may resign or be removed with respect to one or more series of the Company Debt Securities. All payments of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on, and all registration, transfer, exchange, authentication and delivery (including authentication and delivery on original issuance of the Company Debt Securities) of, the Company Debt Securities of a series will be effected by the Trustee with respect to that series at an office designated by the Trustee.

        U.S. Bank National Association is the trustee under the Company Indenture. The Company may maintain corporate trust relationships in the ordinary course of business with the Trustee. The Trustee shall have and be subject to all the duties and responsibilities specified with respect to an indenture trustee under the Trust Indenture Act. Subject to the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act, the Trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of the powers vested in it by the Company Indenture at the request of any holder of the Company Debt Securities unless offered indemnity or security reasonably acceptable to it by the holder against the costs, expense and liabilities which might be incurred thereby.

        Under the Trust Indenture Act, the Company Indenture is deemed to contain limitations on the right of the Trustee, should it become a creditor of the Company, to obtain payment of claims in some cases or to realize on certain property received in respect of any such claim as security or otherwise. The Trustee may engage in other transactions with the Company. If it acquires any conflicting interest relating to any of its duties with respect to the Company Debt Securities, however, it must eliminate the conflict or resign as Trustee.

Governing Law

        The Company Indenture and the Company Debt Securities will be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

Notices

        All notices to holders of Company Debt Securities shall be validly given if in writing and mailed, first-class postage prepaid, to them at their respective addresses in the register maintained by the Trustee or by electronic means in the case of global securities.

32


Table of Contents


DESCRIPTION OF WPC FINANCE DEBT SECURITIES AND THE GUARANTEE

        The WPC Finance Debt Securities will be issued in one or more series under an indenture between WPC Finance, as issuer, the Company, as guarantor, and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee. We have filed a copy of the indenture with the SEC. References herein to the "WPC Finance Indenture" refer to such indenture and references to the "Trustee" in this "Description of WPC Finance Debt Securities and the Guarantee" refer to such trustee or any other trustee for any particular series of WPC Finance Debt Securities issued under the WPC Finance Indenture. The terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series will be those specified in or pursuant to the WPC Finance Indenture and in the applicable WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series and those made part of the WPC Finance Indenture by the Trust Indenture Act.

        The following description of WPC Finance Debt Securities describes general terms and provisions of the series of WPC Finance Debt Securities to which any prospectus supplement may relate. When the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series are offered for sale, the specific terms of such WPC Finance Debt Securities will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement. If any terms of such WPC Finance Debt Securities described in a prospectus supplement are inconsistent with any of the terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities generally described in this prospectus, then the terms described in the applicable prospectus supplement will supersede the terms described in this prospectus.

        The following description of selected provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture and the WPC Finance Debt Securities is not complete, and the description of selected terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series included in the applicable prospectus supplement also will not be complete. You should review the form of the WPC Finance Indenture and the form of the applicable WPC Finance Debt Securities, which forms have been or will be filed as exhibits to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or as exhibits to documents that have been or will be incorporated by reference in this prospectus. To obtain a copy of the form of the WPC Finance Indenture or the form of the applicable WPC Finance Debt Securities, see "Where You Can Find More Information; Incorporation by Reference" in this prospectus. The following description of WPC Finance Debt Securities and the description of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series in the applicable prospectus supplement are qualified in their entirety by reference to all of the provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture and the applicable WPC Finance Debt Securities, which provisions, including defined terms, are, or will be, incorporated by reference in this prospectus, and to those made part of the WPC Finance Indenture by the Trust Indenture Act. Capitalized terms used but not defined in the following description will have the meanings assigned to those terms in the WPC Finance Indenture or, if applicable, the WPC Finance Debt Securities.

        WPC Finance may also guarantee obligations of its direct or indirect subsidiaries. Any liability WPC Finance may have for its subsidiaries' obligations could reduce its assets that are available to satisfy its direct creditors, including holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities. In addition, any unsecured WPC Finance Debt Securities will be effectively junior to WPC Finance's secured debt to the extent of the value of the collateral security securing the same.

General

        The WPC Finance Debt Securities will constitute the unsecured and unsubordinated obligations of WPC Finance and will rank on parity in right of payment among themselves and with all of WPC Finance's other existing and future unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. WPC Finance may issue an unlimited principal amount of WPC Finance Debt Securities under the WPC Finance Indenture. The WPC Finance Indenture provides that WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may be issued up to the aggregate principal amount that may be authorized from time to time by WPC Finance. Please read the applicable prospectus supplement relating to the WPC Finance Debt

33


Table of Contents

Securities of the particular series being offered thereby for selected terms of such WPC Finance Debt Securities, including, without limitation, where applicable:

34


Table of Contents

        As used in this prospectus, references to the principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a series include Additional Amounts, if any, payable on the WPC Finance Debt Securities of such series in that context.

        WPC Finance may issue WPC Finance Debt Securities as OID securities to be sold at a substantial discount below their principal amount. In the event of an acceleration of the maturity of any OID security, the amount payable to the holder upon acceleration will be determined in the manner described in the applicable prospectus supplement. Important U.S. federal income tax and other considerations applicable to OID securities will be described in the applicable prospectus supplement.

        The terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may be inconsistent with the terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any other series. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, WPC Finance may, without the consent of, or notice to, the holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series, reopen an existing series of WPC Finance Debt Securities and issue additional WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series.

        Other than to the extent provided in "—Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets" below or to the extent provided with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series and described in the applicable prospectus supplement, the WPC Finance Indenture will not contain any provisions that would limit WPC Finance's ability to incur indebtedness or to substantially reduce or eliminate its consolidated assets, or that would afford holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities protection in the event of:

        Accordingly, WPC Finance's ability to service its indebtedness (including the WPC Finance Debt Securities) could be materially and adversely affected in the future.

Guarantee of the WPC Finance Debt Securities

        The Company will fully, unconditionally and irrevocably guarantee to each holder and the Trustee the full and punctual payment of principal of, premium, if any, and interest on the WPC Finance Debt Securities and any of the other obligations of WPC Finance under the WPC Finance Indenture with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities, when and as the same become due and payable, whether at maturity, upon redemption or repurchase, of acceleration or otherwise, including any Additional Amounts required to be paid in connection with certain taxes. Any obligation of the Company to make a payment may be satisfied by causing WPC Finance to make such payment.

35


Table of Contents

        The Company's Guarantee will be an unsecured and unsubordinated obligation of the Company and will rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company's other senior unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness and guarantees from time to time outstanding.

        The WPC Finance Indenture provides that in the event of a default in payment of principal of, premium, if any, and interest on senior WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series, the holder of such series of WPC Finance Debt Securities may institute legal proceedings directly against the Company to enforce the applicable Guarantee without first proceeding against WPC Finance.

Registration, Transfer, Payment and Paying Agent

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, each series of WPC Finance Debt Securities will be issued in registered form only, without coupons.

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the WPC Finance Debt Securities may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange at an office of WPC Finance or an agent of WPC Finance in the City of New York. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be payable at the office of the paying agent named in the applicable prospectus supplement. However, WPC Finance, at its option, may make payments of interest on any interest payment date for a WPC Finance Debt Security by check mailed to the address of the person entitled to receive that payment or by wire transfer to an account maintained by the payee with a bank located in the United States.

        Any interest not punctually paid or duly provided for on any interest payment date with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series will forthwith cease to be payable to the holders of those WPC Finance Debt Securities on the applicable regular record date. Such interest may be paid to the persons in whose names those WPC Finance Debt Securities are registered at the close of business on a special record date for the payment of the interest not punctually paid or duly provided for to be fixed by the Trustee or WPC Finance, notice whereof will be given to the holders of those WPC Finance Debt Securities not less than 10 days prior to the special record date, or may be paid at any time in any other lawful manner, all as completely set forth in the WPC Finance Indenture.

        Subject to certain limitations imposed on WPC Finance Debt Securities issued in book-entry form, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series will be exchangeable for other WPC Finance Debt Securities of the same series and of a like aggregate principal amount and tenor of different authorized denominations, upon surrender of those WPC Finance Debt Securities at the designated place or places. In addition, subject to certain limitations imposed upon WPC Finance Debt Securities issued in book-entry form, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange thereof at the designated place or places if duly endorsed or accompanied by a written instrument of transfer. No service charge will be made for any registration of transfer or exchange, redemption or repurchase of WPC Finance Debt Securities, but WPC Finance may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in connection with certain of those transactions.

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, WPC Finance will not be required to:

36


Table of Contents

Outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities

        In determining whether the holders of the requisite principal amount of outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities have given any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent or waiver under the WPC Finance Indenture:

Payment of Additional Amounts

        All payments in respect of the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be made by WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable without withholding or deduction for, or on account of, any present or future taxes, duties, assessments or governmental charges of whatever nature, imposed or levied by the Netherlands or the United States or any taxing authority thereof or therein, as applicable, unless such withholding or deduction is required by law. If such withholding or deduction is required by law, WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, will pay to a holder who is not a U.S. person (as defined below) such Additional Amounts on such WPC Finance Debt Securities as are necessary in order that the net payment by WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest on, such WPC Finance Debt Securities to such holder, after such withholding or deduction, will not be less than the amount provided in such WPC Finance Debt Securities to be then due and payable; provided, however, that the foregoing obligation to pay Additional Amounts will not apply:

37


Table of Contents

38


Table of Contents

        The WPC Finance Debt Securities are subject in all cases to any tax, fiscal or other law or regulation or administrative or judicial interpretation applicable to the WPC Finance Debt Securities. Except as specifically provided under this heading "—Payment of Additional Amounts," neither WPC Finance nor the Company, as applicable, will be required to make any payment for any tax, duty, assessment or governmental charge of whatever nature imposed by any government or a political subdivision or taxing authority of or in any government or political subdivision.

        As used under this heading "—Payment of Additional Amounts" and under the heading "—Redemption for Tax Reasons," the term "United States" means the United States of America (including the states and the District of Columbia and any political subdivision thereof), and the term "U.S. person" means any individual who is a citizen or resident of the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes; a corporation, partnership or other entity created or organized in or under the laws of the United States, any state of the United States or the District of Columbia, including an entity treated as a corporation for Unites States income tax purposes; or any estate or trust the income of which is subject to U.S. federal income taxation regardless of its source.

Redemption and Repurchase

        The WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may be redeemable at WPC Finance's option or may be subject to mandatory redemption by WPC Finance as required by a sinking fund or otherwise. In addition, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may be subject to repurchase by WPC Finance at the option of the holders thereof. The applicable prospectus supplement will describe the terms and conditions regarding any optional or mandatory redemption or optional repurchase of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of the particular series.

Redemption for Tax Reasons

        If, as a result of any change in, or amendment to, the laws (or any regulations or rulings promulgated under the laws) of the Netherlands or the United States or any taxing authority thereof or therein, as applicable, or any change in, or amendments to, an official position regarding the application or interpretation of such laws, regulations or rulings, which change or amendment is announced or becomes effective on or after the date of the issuance of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a series, WPC Finance or the Company becomes or, based upon a written opinion of independent counsel selected by them, will become obligated to pay Additional Amounts as described herein under the heading "—Payment of Additional Amounts" with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of such series, then WPC Finance may at any time at its option, having given not less than 30 nor more than 60 days prior notice to holders, redeem, in whole, but not in part, such WPC Finance Debt Securities at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount of such WPC Finance Debt Securities, together with accrued and unpaid interest on such WPC Finance Debt Security to, but not including, the date fixed for redemption.

Merger, Consolidation and Transfer of Assets

        The WPC Finance Indenture provides that neither WPC Finance nor the Company may, in any transaction or series of related transactions, (i) consolidate or amalgamate with or merge into any other person or (ii) sell, lease, assign, transfer or otherwise convey all or substantially all of the assets of WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any other person, in each case, unless:

39


Table of Contents

        Upon any consolidation or amalgamation by WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, with, or WPC Finance's or the Company's, as applicable, merger into, any other person or any sale, lease, assignment, transfer or other conveyance of all or substantially all of the assets of WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, and its subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any person, in each case in accordance with the provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture described above, the successor person formed by the consolidation or amalgamation or into which WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, is merged or to which such sale, lease, assignment, transfer or other conveyance is made, as applicable, will succeed to, and be substituted for, WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, and may exercise every right and power of WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, under the WPC Finance Indenture with the same effect as if such successor person had been named as WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, in the WPC Finance Indenture; and thereafter, the predecessor person will be released from all of its obligations and covenants under the WPC Finance Indenture and the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities and the Guarantee, as applicable.

Events of Default

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, an Event of Default with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series is defined in the WPC Finance Indenture as being:

40


Table of Contents

        No Event of Default with respect to any particular series of WPC Finance Debt Securities necessarily constitutes an Event of Default with respect to any other series of WPC Finance Debt Securities. The Trustee is required to give notice to holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series within 90 days after a responsible officer of the Trustee has actual knowledge of a default relating to such WPC Finance Debt Securities.

        If an Event of Default specified in clause (vi) above occurs, then the principal amount of all the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities and unpaid interest, if any, accrued thereon will automatically become immediately due and payable. If any other Event of Default with respect to the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series occurs and is continuing, either the Trustee or the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series then outstanding may declare the principal amount of, or if WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series are OID securities such lesser amount as may be specified in the terms of, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series, and unpaid interest, if any, accrued thereon to be due and payable immediately. However, upon specified conditions, the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series then outstanding may rescind and annul any such declaration of acceleration and its consequences.

        The WPC Finance Indenture provides that no holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may institute any proceedings, judicial or otherwise, with respect to the WPC Finance Indenture, or for the appointment of a receiver or Trustee, or for any remedy thereunder, except in the case of failure of the Trustee, for 60 days, to act after it has received a written request to institute proceedings in respect of an Event of Default from the holders of at least 25% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series, as well as an offer of indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it, and no inconsistent direction has been given to the Trustee during such 60 day period by the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series. Notwithstanding any other provision of the WPC Finance Indenture, each holder of a WPC Finance Debt Security will have the right, which is absolute and unconditional, to receive payment of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, and any Additional Amounts on, that WPC Finance Debt Security on the respective due dates for those payments and to institute suit for the enforcement of those payments, and this right will not be impaired without the consent of such holder.

41


Table of Contents

        Subject to the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act requiring the Trustee, during the continuance of an Event of Default under the WPC Finance Indenture, to act with the requisite standard of care, the Trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of its rights or powers under the WPC Finance Indenture at the request or direction of any of the holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series unless those holders have offered the Trustee indemnity or security reasonably satisfactory to it. The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series will have the right to direct the time, method and place of conducting any proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee, or of exercising any trust or power conferred upon the Trustee, provided that the direction would not conflict with any rule or law or with the WPC Finance Indenture or with any series of WPC Finance Debt Securities, such direction would not be unduly prejudicial to the rights of any other holder of WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series (or the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any other series), and the Trustee may take any other action deemed proper by the Trustee which is not inconsistent with such direction.

        Within 120 days after the close of each fiscal year, WPC Finance and the Company must deliver to the Trustee an officer's certificate stating whether or not the certifying officer has knowledge of any Event of Default or default which, with notice or lapse of time or both, would become an Event of Default under the WPC Finance Indenture and, if so, specifying each such default and the nature and status thereof.

Modification, Waivers and Meetings

        The WPC Finance Indenture permits WPC Finance, the Company and the Trustee, with the consent of the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of each series issued under the WPC Finance Indenture and affected by a modification or amendment (voting as separate classes), to modify or amend any of the provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture or of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series or the rights of the holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series under the WPC Finance Indenture. However, no modification or amendment will, without the consent of the holder of each outstanding WPC Finance Debt Security affected thereby:

42


Table of Contents

        The WPC Finance Indenture also contains provisions permitting WPC Finance, the Company and the Trustee, without the consent of the holders of any WPC Finance Debt Securities, to modify or amend the WPC Finance Indenture, among other things:

        The holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series may, on behalf of all holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series, waive any continuing default under the WPC Finance Indenture with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series and its consequences, except a default (i) in the payment of principal of, or

43


Table of Contents

premium, if any, or interest, if any, on, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series, or (ii) in respect of a covenant or provision that cannot be modified or amended without the consent of the holder of each outstanding WPC Finance Debt Security of the affected series.

        The WPC Finance Indenture contains provisions for convening meetings of the holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities. A meeting may be called at any time by the Trustee, WPC Finance or the holders of at least 10% in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series. Notice of a meeting must be given in accordance with the provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture. Except for any consent or waiver that must be given by the holder of each outstanding WPC Finance Debt Security affected in the manner described above, any resolution presented at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum, as described below, is present may be adopted by the affirmative vote of the holders of a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series. However, any resolution with respect to any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver, or other action that may be made, given or taken by the holders of a specified percentage, other than a majority, in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of a series may be adopted at a meeting or adjourned meeting duly reconvened at which a quorum is present by the affirmative vote of the holders of that specified percentage in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series. Any resolution passed or decision taken at any meeting of holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series duly held in accordance with the WPC Finance Indenture will be binding on all holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series. The quorum at any meeting called to adopt a resolution, and at any reconvened meeting, will be persons holding or representing a majority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of the applicable series, subject to exceptions; provided, however, that if any action is to be taken at that meeting with respect to a consent or waiver that may be given by the holders of a supermajority in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of a series, the persons holding or representing that specified supermajority percentage in aggregate principal amount of the outstanding WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series will constitute a quorum.

Book-entry Procedures, Delivery and Form

Global Clearance and Settlement

        Unless otherwise provided in the applicable prospectus supplement, the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be issued in the form of one or more global notes in fully registered form, without coupons, and will be deposited with, or on behalf of, a common depositary, and registered in the name of the nominee of the common depositary for, and in respect of interests held through, Euroclear Bank S.A./N.A as operator (the "Euroclear Operator") of the Euroclear system ("Euroclear") and International Clearstream ("Clearstream"). References to "global note(s)" in this "Description of WPC Finance Debt Securities and Guarantee" refer to such global note(s). Except as described herein, certificates will not be issued in exchange for beneficial interests in the global notes.

        Except as set forth below, the global notes may be transferred, in whole and not in part, only to Euroclear, Clearstream or their respective nominees.

        Beneficial interests in the global notes will be represented, and transfers of such beneficial interests will be effected, through accounts of financial institutions acting on behalf of beneficial owners as direct or indirect participants in Euroclear or Clearstream. Those beneficial interests will be in denominations specified in the applicable prospectus supplement. Investors may hold WPC Finance Debt Securities directly through Euroclear or Clearstream, if they are participants in such systems, or indirectly through organizations that are participants in such systems.

44


Table of Contents

        Owners of beneficial interests in the global notes will not be entitled to have the WPC Finance Debt Securities registered in their names, and, except as described herein, will not receive or be entitled to receive physical delivery of such WPC Finance Debt Securities in definitive form. So long as the common depositary for Euroclear and Clearstream is the registered owner of the global notes, the common depositary for all purposes will be considered the sole holder of the WPC Finance Debt Security represented by the global notes under the WPC Finance Indenture and the global notes. Except as provided below, beneficial owners will not be considered the owners or holders of a WPC Finance Debt Security under the WPC Finance Indenture, including for purposes of receiving any reports delivered by us or the Trustee pursuant to the WPC Finance Indenture. Accordingly, each beneficial owner must rely on the procedures of the clearing systems and, if such person is not a participant of the clearing systems, on the procedures of the participant through which such person owns its interest, to exercise any rights of a holder under the WPC Finance Indenture. Under existing industry practices, if WPC Finance requests any action of holders or a beneficial owner desires to give or take any action which a holder is entitled to give or take under the WPC Finance Indenture, the clearing systems would authorize their participants holding the relevant beneficial interests to give or take action and the participants would authorize beneficial owners owning through the participants to give or take such action or would otherwise act upon the instructions of beneficial owners. Conveyance of notices and other communications by the clearing systems to their participants, by the participants to indirect participants and by the participants and indirect participants to beneficial owners will be governed by arrangements among them, subject to any statutory or regulatory requirements as may be in effect from time to time. The laws of some jurisdictions require that certain purchasers of securities take physical delivery of such securities in certificated form. These limits and laws may impair the ability to transfer beneficial interests in global notes.

        Clearstream and Euroclear have indicated that they intend to use the following respective procedures for global notes. Clearstream and Euroclear may change these procedures from time to time. Neither the Company nor WPC Finance is responsible for these procedures. You should contact Clearstream and Euroclear or their respective participants directly to discuss these matters.

        Clearstream has advised that it is incorporated under the laws of Luxembourg and licensed as a bank and professional depositary. Clearstream holds securities for its participating organizations and facilitates the clearance and settlement of securities transactions among its participants through electronic book-entry changes in accounts of its participants, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates. Clearstream provides to its participants, among other things, services for safekeeping, administration, clearance and settlement of internationally traded securities and securities lending and borrowing. Clearstream interfaces with domestic markets in several countries. Clearstream has established an electronic bridge with the Euroclear Operator (as defined below) to facilitate the settlement of trades between the nominees of Clearstream and Euroclear. As a registered bank in Luxembourg, Clearstream is subject to regulation by the Luxembourg Commission for the Supervision of the Financial Sector. Clearstream customers are recognized financial institutions around the world, including underwriters, securities brokers and dealers, banks, trust companies, clearing corporations and certain other organizations and may include the underwriters. Indirect access to Clearstream is also available to others, such as banks, brokers, dealers and trust companies that clear through, or maintain a custodial relationship with, a Clearstream participant, either directly or indirectly.

        Distributions with respect to WPC Finance Debt Securities held beneficially through Clearstream will be credited to cash accounts of Clearstream participants in accordance with its rules and procedures.

45


Table of Contents

        Euroclear has advised that it was created in 1968 to hold securities for its participants and to clear and settle transactions between Euroclear participants through simultaneous electronic book-entry delivery against payment, thereby eliminating the need for physical movement of certificates and any risk from lack of simultaneous transfers of securities and cash. Euroclear includes various other services, including securities lending and borrowing and interfaces with domestic markets in several countries. Euroclear is operated by the Euroclear Operator. All operations are conducted by the Euroclear Operator, and all Euroclear securities clearance accounts and Euroclear cash accounts are accounts with the Euroclear Operator. Euroclear participants include banks (including central banks), securities brokers and dealers and other professional financial intermediaries and may include the underwriters. Indirect access to Euroclear is also available to other firms that clear through or maintain a custodial relationship with a Euroclear participant, either directly or indirectly.

        Securities clearance accounts and cash accounts with the Euroclear Operator are governed by the Terms and Conditions Governing Use of Euroclear and the related operating procedures of Euroclear, and applicable Belgian law (collectively, the "Terms and Conditions"). The Terms and Conditions govern transfers of securities and cash within Euroclear, withdrawals of securities and cash from Euroclear, and receipts of payments with respect to securities in Euroclear. All securities in Euroclear are held on a fungible basis without attribution of specific certificates to specific securities clearance accounts. The Euroclear Operator acts under the Terms and Conditions only on behalf of Euroclear participants and has no records of or relationship with persons holding through Euroclear participants.

        Distributions with respect to a WPC Finance Debt Security held beneficially through Euroclear will be credited to the cash accounts of Euroclear participants in accordance with the Terms and Conditions.

        So long as Euroclear or Clearstream or their nominee or their common depositary is the registered holder of the global notes, Euroclear, Clearstream or such nominee, as the case may be, will be considered the sole owner or holder of the WPC Finance Debt Securities represented by such global notes for all purposes under the WPC Finance Indenture and the WPC Finance Debt Securities. Payments of principal, premium, if any, interest and Additional Amounts, if any, in respect of the global notes will be made to Euroclear, Clearstream, such nominee or such common depositary, as the case may be, as registered holder thereof. None of WPC Finance, the Company, the Trustee, any underwriter and any affiliate of any of the above or any person by whom any of the above is controlled (as such term is defined in the Securities Act) will have any responsibility or liability for any records relating to or payments made on account of, beneficial ownership interests in the global notes or for maintaining, supervising or reviewing any records relating to such beneficial ownership interests.

        Distributions of principal, premium, if any, and interest with respect to the global notes will be credited in euro to the extent received by Euroclear or Clearstream from the paying agent to the cash accounts of Euroclear or Clearstream customers in accordance with the relevant system's rules and procedures.

        Due to the fact that Euroclear and Clearstream can only act on behalf of participants, who in turn act on behalf of Indirect Participants, the ability of a person having an interest in the global notes to pledge such interest to persons or entities that do not participate in the relevant clearing system, or otherwise take actions in respect of such interest, may be affected by the lack of a physical certificate in respect of such interest.

46


Table of Contents

        WPC Finance understands that investors that hold WPC Finance Debt Securities through Clearstream or Euroclear accounts will follow the settlement procedures that are applicable to conventional eurobonds in registered form. Subject to applicable procedures of Clearstream and Euroclear, the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be credited to the securities custody accounts of Clearstream and Euroclear participants on the business day following the settlement date, for the value on the settlement date.

        Due to the fact that the purchaser determines the place of delivery, it is important to establish at the time of trading of any WPC Finance Debt Securities where both the purchaser's and seller's accounts are located to ensure that settlement can be made on the desired value date.

        WPC Finance understands that secondary market trading between Clearstream and/or Euroclear participants will occur in the ordinary way following the applicable rules and operating procedures of Clearstream and Euroclear. Secondary market trading will be settled using procedures applicable to conventional eurobonds in global registered form.

        Investors will only be able to make and receive deliveries, payments and other communications involving the WPC Finance Debt Securities through Clearstream and Euroclear on days when those systems are open for business. Those systems may not be open for business on days when banks, brokers and other institutions are open for business in the United States or the Netherlands.

        In addition, because of time-zone differences, there may be problems with completing transactions involving Clearstream and Euroclear on the same business day as in the United States. U.S. investors who wish to transfer their interests in the WPC Finance Debt Securities, or to make or receive a payment or delivery of the WPC Finance Debt Securities, on a particular day, may find that the transactions will not be performed until the next business day in Luxembourg or Brussels, depending on whether Clearstream or Euroclear is used.

        Clearstream or Euroclear will credit payments to the cash accounts of Clearstream customers or Euroclear participants, as applicable, in accordance with the relevant system's rules and procedures, to the extent received by its depositary. Clearstream or the Euroclear Operator, as the case may be, will take any other action permitted to be taken by a holder under the Indenture on behalf of a Clearstream customer or Euroclear participant only in accordance with its relevant rules and procedures.

        Clearstream and Euroclear have agreed to the foregoing procedures in order to facilitate transfers of the WPC Finance Debt Securities among participants of Clearstream and Euroclear. However, they are under no obligation to perform or continue to perform those procedures, and they may discontinue those procedures at any time.

        Subject to certain conditions, WPC Finance Debt Securities represented by global notes may not be exchanged for certificated notes in definitive form unless:

47


Table of Contents

        In all cases, certificated notes delivered in exchange for any global note or beneficial interest therein will be registered in the names, and issued in any approved denominations, requested by or on behalf of the common depositary (in accordance with its customary procedures).

        Payments (including principal, premium and interest and Additional Amounts) and transfers with respect to WPC Finance Debt Securities in certificated form may be executed at the office or agency maintained for such purpose in London (initially the corporate trust office of the paying agent specified in the applicable prospectus supplement) or, at WPC Finance's option, by check mailed to the holders thereof at the respective addresses set forth in the register of holders of the WPC Finance Debt Securities (maintained by the registrar specified in the applicable prospectus supplement), provided that all payments (including principal, premium, interest and Additional Amounts) on WPC Finance Debt Securities in certificated form, for which the holders thereof have given wire transfer instructions, will be required to be made by wire transfer of immediately available funds to the accounts specified by the holders thereof. No service charge will be made for any registration of transfer, but payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or governmental charge payable in connection with that registration may be required.

Discharge, Legal Defeasance and Covenant Defeasance

        Upon WPC Finance's direction, the WPC Finance Indenture will cease to be of further effect with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series specified by WPC Finance, subject to the survival of specified provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture, including (unless the accompanying prospectus supplement provides otherwise) WPC Finance's obligation to repurchase such WPC Finance Debt Securities at the option of the holders thereof, if applicable, and WPC Finance's obligation to pay Additional Amounts in respect of such WPC Finance Debt Securities to the extent described below, when:

48


Table of Contents

        If the WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series provide for the payment of Additional Amounts, WPC Finance or the Company, as applicable, will remain obligated, following the deposit described above, to pay Additional Amounts on those WPC Finance Debt Securities to the extent that they exceed the amount deposited in respect of those Additional Amounts as described above.

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, WPC Finance may elect with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of the particular series either:

49


Table of Contents

        The WPC Finance Legal Defeasance or WPC Finance Covenant Defeasance described above will only be effective if, among other things:

        In the event WPC Finance effects a WPC Finance Covenant Defeasance with respect to WPC Finance Debt Securities of any series and those WPC Finance Debt Securities are declared due and payable because of the occurrence of any Event of Default other than an Event of Default with respect to the covenants as to which the WPC Finance Covenant Defeasance has been effected, which covenants would no longer be applicable to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series after the WPC Covenant Defeasance, the amount of monies and/or government obligations deposited with the Trustee to effect the WPC Covenant Defeasance may not be sufficient to pay amounts due on the WPC Finance Debt Securities of that series at the time of any acceleration resulting from that Event of

50


Table of Contents

Default. However, WPC Finance and the Company, as guarantor, would remain liable to make payment of those amounts due at the time of acceleration.

        The applicable prospectus supplement may further describe the provisions, if any, permitting or restricting legal defeasance or covenant defeasance with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a particular series.

Concerning the Trustee

        There may be more than one Trustee under the WPC Finance Indenture, each with respect to one or more series of WPC Finance Debt Securities. If there are different Trustees for different series of WPC Finance Debt Securities, each Trustee will be a trustee separate and apart from any other Trustee under the WPC Finance Indenture. Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, any action permitted to be taken by a Trustee may be taken by such Trustee only with respect to the one or more series of WPC Finance Debt Securities for which it is the trustee under the WPC Finance Indenture. Any Trustee under the WPC Finance Indenture may resign or be removed with respect to one or more series of WPC Finance Debt Securities. All payments of principal of, and premium, if any, and interest, if any, on, and all registration, transfer, exchange, authentication and delivery (including authentication and delivery on original issuance of the WPC Finance Debt Securities) of, the WPC Finance Debt Securities of a series will be effected by the Trustee with respect to that series at an office designated by the Trustee.

        U.S. Bank National Association is the trustee under the WPC Finance Indenture. WPC Finance or the Company may maintain corporate trust relationships in the ordinary course of business with the Trustee. The Trustee will have and be subject to all the duties and responsibilities specified with respect to an indenture trustee under the Trust Indenture Act. Subject to the provisions of the Trust Indenture Act, the Trustee is under no obligation to exercise any of the powers vested in it by the WPC Finance Indenture at the request of any holder of WPC Finance Debt Securities unless offered indemnity or security reasonably acceptable to it by the holder against the costs, expense and liabilities which might be incurred thereby.

        Under the Trust Indenture Act, the WPC Finance Indenture is deemed to contain limitations on the right of the Trustee, should it become a creditor of WPC Finance (and the Company, as guarantor), to obtain payment of claims in some cases or to realize on certain property received in respect of any such claim as security or otherwise. The Trustee may engage in other transactions with WPC Finance and the Company. If it acquires any conflicting interest relating to any of its duties with respect to the WPC Finance Debt Securities, however, it must eliminate the conflict or resign as Trustee.

        Unless otherwise specified in the applicable prospectus supplement, the Trustee will be the initial paying agent. WPC Finance may at any time designate additional paying agents, rescind the designation of any paying agent or approve a change in the office through which any paying agent acts, except that WPC Finance must maintain a paying agent in each place of payment for each series of WPC Finance Debt Securities.

Governing Law

        The WPC Finance Indenture and the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the laws of the State of New York.

Notices

        All notices to holders of WPC Finance Debt Securities will be validly given if in writing and mailed, first-class postage prepaid, to them at their respective addresses in the register maintained by the Trustee or by electronic means in the case of global securities.

51


Table of Contents


MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS
RELEVANT TO HOLDERS OF OUR COMMON STOCK

        The following is a summary of the material U.S. federal income tax considerations of holding shares of our Common Stock. The law firm of DLA Piper LLP (US) has acted as counsel and reviewed this summary. For purposes of this section, references to "we," "our" and "us" mean only W. P. Carey Inc. and not its subsidiaries or other lower-tier entities, except as otherwise indicated. This summary is based upon the Code, the regulations promulgated by the U.S. Department of Treasury, rulings and other administrative pronouncements issued by the IRS, and judicial decisions, all as currently in effect, and all of which are subject to differing interpretations or to change, possibly with retroactive effect. No assurance can be given that the IRS would not assert, or that a court would not sustain, a position contrary to any of the tax consequences described below. We have not sought and do not currently expect to seek an advance ruling from the IRS regarding any matter discussed in this prospectus. This summary is also based upon the assumption that we will operate our Company and our subsidiaries and affiliated entities in accordance with their applicable organizational documents. This summary is for general information only and does not purport to discuss all aspects of U.S. federal income taxation that may be important to a particular investor in light of its investment or tax circumstances or to investors subject to special tax rules, such as:

and, except to the extent discussed below:

        This summary assumes that investors will hold their shares of our Common Stock as a capital asset, which generally means as property held for investment.

        The holding of shares of our Common Stock depends in some instances on determinations of fact and interpretations of complex provisions of U.S. federal income tax law for which no clear precedent or authority may be available. In addition, the tax consequences to any particular stockholder holding our Common Stock will depend on the stockholder's particular tax circumstances. You are urged to consult your tax advisor regarding the federal, state, and local and foreign income and other tax consequences to you in light of your particular investment or tax circumstances of acquiring, holding, exchanging, or otherwise disposing of our Common Stock.

52


Table of Contents

Taxation of W. P. Carey Inc.

        We elected to be taxed as a REIT commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2012. We believe that we have been organized and operated in such a manner as to qualify for taxation as a REIT.

        The law firm of DLA Piper LLP (US) is acting as our tax counsel and has provided an opinion that we have been organized in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code from February 15, 2012, our date of incorporation, through our taxable year ended December 31, 2018 and that our present and proposed organization, ownership and method of operation will enable us to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT. It must be emphasized that the opinion of DLA Piper LLP (US) is based on various assumptions relating to our organization and operation and conditioned upon fact-based representations and covenants made by our management regarding our organization, assets, and income, and the future conduct of our business operations. While we believe that we have been organized and operated and intend to continue to operate so that we qualify as a REIT, given the highly complex nature of the rules governing REITs, the ongoing importance of factual determinations, and the possibility of future changes in our circumstances, no assurance can be given by DLA Piper LLP (US) or by us that we will qualify as a REIT for any particular year. The opinion of DLA Piper LLP (US) is expressed as of the date issued. DLA Piper LLP (US) has no obligation to advise us or our stockholders of any subsequent change in the matters stated, represented or assumed, or of any subsequent change in the applicable law. You should be aware that opinions of counsel are not binding on the IRS, and no assurance can be given that the IRS will not challenge the conclusions set forth in such opinions.

        Qualification and taxation as a REIT depends on our ability to meet on a continuing basis, through actual operating results, distribution levels, and diversity of stock and asset ownership, various qualification requirements imposed upon REITs by the Code. Our ability to qualify as a REIT also requires that we satisfy certain asset tests, some of which depend upon the fair market values of assets that we own directly or indirectly. Such values may not be susceptible to a precise determination. Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the actual results of our operations for any taxable year will satisfy such requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT.

Taxation of REITs in General

        As indicated above, our qualification and taxation as a REIT depends upon our ability to meet, on a continuing basis, various qualification requirements imposed upon REITs by the Code. The material qualification requirements are summarized below under the section titled "—Requirements for REIT Qualification—General." While we intend to operate so that we qualify as a REIT, no assurance can be given that the IRS will not challenge our qualification, or that we will be able to operate in accordance with the REIT requirements in the future. See the section below titled "—Failure to Qualify."

        Provided that we qualify as a REIT, generally we will be entitled to a deduction for dividends that we pay and therefore will not be subject to U.S. federal corporate income tax on our taxable income that is currently distributed to our stockholders. This treatment substantially eliminates the "double taxation" at the corporate and stockholder levels that generally results from investment in a corporation. In general, the income that we generate and distribute currently is taxed only at the stockholder level upon distribution to our stockholders.

        Domestic stockholders that are individuals, trusts or estates are generally taxed on qualified corporate dividends at a maximum rate of 20% (the same as long-term capital gains). With limited exceptions, however, dividends from us or from other entities that are taxed as REITs are generally not eligible for this rate and will continue to be taxed at rates applicable to ordinary income. See the section titled "—Taxation of Stockholders—Taxation of Taxable Domestic Stockholders—Distributions."

53


Table of Contents

        Any net operating losses and other tax attributes of ours generally do not pass through to our stockholders, subject to special rules for certain items such as the capital gains that we recognize. See the section titled "—Taxation of Stockholders."

        If we qualify as a REIT, we will nonetheless be subject to U.S. federal tax in the following circumstances:

54


Table of Contents

        In addition, we and our subsidiaries may be subject to a variety of taxes, including payroll taxes and state and local and foreign income, property and other taxes on our assets and operations. We could also be subject to tax in situations and on transactions not presently contemplated.

Requirements for REIT Qualification—General

        The Code defines a REIT as a corporation, trust or association:

        The Code provides that conditions (1) through (4) must be met during the entire taxable year, and that condition (5) must be met during at least 335 days of a taxable year of 12 months, or during a proportionate part of a shorter taxable year. Conditions (5) and (6) need not be met during a corporation's initial tax year as a REIT. In our case, we elected to be taxed as a REIT commencing with our taxable year ended December 31, 2012. Our Charter provides restrictions regarding the ownership and transfer of our shares, which are intended to assist us in satisfying the share ownership requirements described in conditions (5) and (6) above.

        To monitor compliance with the share ownership requirements, we generally are required to maintain records regarding the actual ownership of our shares of Common Stock. To do so, we must demand written statements each year from the record holders of significant percentages of our Common Stock pursuant to which the record holders must disclose the actual owners of the shares (i.e., the persons required to include our distributions in their gross income). We must maintain a list of those persons failing or refusing to comply with this demand as part of our records. We could be subject to monetary penalties if we fail to comply with these record-keeping requirements. If you fail or refuse to comply with the demands, you will be required by U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations to submit a statement with your tax return disclosing your actual ownership of our shares and other information.

55


Table of Contents

        In addition, a corporation generally may not elect to become a REIT unless its taxable year is the calendar year. We have adopted December 31 as our taxable year-end, and thereby satisfy this requirement.

        The Code provides relief from violations of the REIT gross income requirements, as described below under "—Income Tests," in cases where a violation is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, and other requirements are met, including the payment of a penalty tax that is based upon the magnitude of the violation. In addition, certain provisions of the Code extend similar relief in the case of certain violations of the REIT asset requirements and other REIT requirements, again provided that the violation is due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect, and other conditions are met, including the payment of a penalty tax. If we fail to satisfy any of the various REIT requirements, there can be no assurance that these relief provisions would be available to enable us to maintain our qualification as a REIT, and, if such relief provisions are available, the amount of any resultant penalty tax could be substantial.

Subsidiary Entities

Ownership of Partnership Interests

        If we are a partner in an entity that is treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes, U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations provide that we are deemed to own our proportionate share of the partnership's assets, and to earn our proportionate share of the partnership's income, for purposes of the asset and gross income tests applicable to REITs. Our proportionate share of a partnership's assets and income is based on our capital interest in the partnership (except that for purposes of the 10% value test, our proportionate share of the partnership's assets is based on our proportionate interest in the equity and certain debt securities issued by the partnership). In addition, the assets and gross income of the partnership are deemed to retain the same character in our hands. Thus, our proportionate share of the assets and items of income of any of our subsidiary partnerships will be treated as our assets and items of income for purposes of applying the REIT requirements.

        The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 changes the rules applicable to U.S. federal income tax audits of partnerships. Under these rules (which generally are effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017), among other changes and subject to certain exceptions, any audit adjustment to items of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit of a partnership (and any partner's distributive share thereof) is determined, and taxes, interest, or penalties attributable thereto are assessed and collected, at the partnership level. Although the application of certain aspects of these rules is still unclear, it is possible that they could result in the operating partnership being required to pay additional taxes, interest and penalties as a result of an audit adjustment, and we could be required to bear the economic burden of those taxes, interest, and penalties even though we, as a REIT, may not otherwise have been required to pay additional corporate-level taxes as a result of the related audit adjustment. The changes created by these rules in many respects depend on the promulgation of future regulations or other guidance by the U.S. Treasury. Stockholders are urged to consult their tax advisors with respect to these changes and their potential impact on their investment in our Common Stock.

Disregarded Subsidiaries

        If we own a corporate subsidiary that is a qualified REIT subsidiary (a "QRS"), that subsidiary is generally disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and all of the subsidiary's assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit are treated as our assets, liabilities and items of income, deduction and credit, including for purposes of the gross income and asset tests applicable to REITs. A QRS is any corporation, other than a TRS (as described below), that is directly or indirectly (through other disregarded entities) wholly owned by a REIT. Other entities that are wholly owned by us, including single member, domestic limited liability companies that have not elected to be taxed as

56


Table of Contents

corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes, are also generally disregarded as separate entities for U.S. federal income tax purposes, including for purposes of the REIT income and asset tests. Disregarded subsidiaries, along with any partnerships in which we hold an equity interest, are sometimes referred to herein as "pass-through subsidiaries."

        In the event that a disregarded subsidiary of ours ceases to be wholly owned—for example, if any equity interest in the subsidiary is acquired by a person other than us or another disregarded subsidiary of ours—the subsidiary's separate existence would no longer be disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Instead, the subsidiary would have multiple owners and would be treated as either a partnership or a taxable corporation. Such an event could, depending on the circumstances, adversely affect our ability to satisfy the various asset and gross income requirements applicable to REITs, including the requirement that REITs generally may not own, directly or indirectly, more than 10% of the securities of another corporation.

Foreign Assets and Subsidiaries

        With respect to any foreign properties, we have maintained, and will continue to maintain, appropriate books and records for our foreign properties in local currencies. Accordingly, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, including the 75% and 95% gross income tests summarized herein, our income, gains and losses from our foreign operations that are not held in TRSs will generally be calculated first in the applicable local currency, and then translated into United States dollars at appropriate exchange rates. On the periodic repatriation of monies from such foreign operations to the United States, we will be required to recognize foreign exchange gains or losses; however, any foreign exchange gains we recognize from repatriation are expected to constitute "real estate foreign exchange gains" under Section 856(n)(2) of the Code, and will thus be excluded from the 75% and 95% gross income tests summarized above.

        In addition, we own interests in entities that are both TRSs and "controlled foreign corporations" for U.S. federal income tax purposes, and we are deemed to receive our allocable share of certain income, referred to as Subpart F Income, earned by such controlled foreign corporations whether or not that income is actually distributed to us. Numerous exceptions apply in determining whether an item of income is Subpart F Income, including exceptions for rent received from an unrelated person and derived in the active conduct of a trade or business. Rents from real property are generally treated as earned in an active trade or business if the landlord/licensor regularly performs active and substantial management and operational functions with respect to the property while it is leased, but only if such activities are performed through the landlord/licensor's own officers or staff of employees. We believe our controlled foreign corporations generally do not satisfy this active rental exception however, and as a result we may recognize material amounts of Subpart F Income. Based on advice of counsel, we believe that that the types of Subpart F Income most likely to be recognized by us qualify under the 95% gross income test. However, we do not believe our Subpart F Income qualifies under the 75% gross income test.

REIT Subsidiaries

        Some of our subsidiaries may also be taxable as REITs. Provided such entities qualify as REITs under the Code, our equity in such entities will be a qualifying REIT asset under the quarterly REIT asset tests described below, and any dividends and/or gain on disposition of such equity will be qualifying REIT gross income under both the 75% and 95% gross income tests discussed below.

Taxable REIT Subsidiaries

        We will jointly elect with certain of our U.S. and non-U.S. subsidiary corporations, whether or not wholly owned, to treat such subsidiary corporations as TRSs. A TRS also includes any corporation

57


Table of Contents

other than a REIT with respect to which one of our TRSs owns more than 35% of the total voting power or value of the outstanding securities of such corporation. The separate existence of a TRS or other taxable corporation is not ignored for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Accordingly, a TRS or other taxable corporation generally would be subject to corporate income tax on its earnings, which may reduce the cash flow that we and our subsidiaries generate in the aggregate, and may reduce our ability to make distributions to our stockholders.

        We are not generally treated as holding the assets of a TRS or other taxable subsidiary corporation or as receiving any income that the subsidiary earns. Rather, the stock issued by a taxable subsidiary to us is an asset in our hands, and we treat the distributions paid to us from such taxable subsidiary, if any, as income, gain, or return of capital, as applicable. This treatment can affect our income and asset test calculations, as described below. Because we do not generally include the assets and income of TRSs or other taxable subsidiary corporations in determining our compliance with the REIT requirements, we will use such entities to undertake indirectly activities that the REIT rules might otherwise preclude us from doing directly or through pass-through subsidiaries. For example, we may use TRSs or other taxable subsidiary corporations to conduct activities that give rise to certain categories of income such as management fees or activities that would be treated in our hands as prohibited transactions. Our ownership of securities of TRSs will not be subject to the 5% or 10% asset tests, but will be subject to the 20% asset test, described below.

Income Tests

        In order to qualify as a REIT, we must satisfy two gross income requirements on an annual basis. First, at least 75% of our gross income for each taxable year, excluding gross income from sales of inventory or dealer property in "prohibited transactions" and certain hedging and foreign currency transactions, generally must be derived from investments relating to real property, mortgages on real property or interests in real property, including interest income derived from mortgage loans secured by real property (including certain types of mortgage-backed securities or interests in real property), "rents from real property," distributions received from other REITs, and gains from the sale of real estate assets (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015, including debt instruments of publicly offered REITs (as defined below), other than nonqualified publicly offered REIT debt instruments as defined in Section 856(c)(5)(L)(ii) of the Code), as well as specified income from temporary investments. Second, at least 95% of our gross income in each taxable year, excluding gross income from prohibited transactions and certain hedging transactions, must be derived from some combination of such income from investments in real property (i.e., generally income that qualifies under the 75% income test described above), as well as other dividends, interest, and gain from the sale or disposition of stock or securities, which need not have any relation to real property.

        We and our subsidiaries may hold investments in and pay taxes to foreign countries. Taxes that we pay in foreign jurisdictions may not be passed through to, or used by, our stockholders as a foreign tax credit or otherwise. Our foreign investments might also generate foreign currency gains and losses. For purposes of either one or both of the 75% and 95% gross income tests, two categories of foreign currency gain may be excluded from gross income: "real estate foreign exchange gain" and "passive foreign exchange gain." Real estate foreign exchange gain is not treated as gross income for purposes of both the 75% and 95% gross income tests. Real estate foreign exchange gain includes gain derived from certain qualified business units of the REIT and foreign currency gain attributable to (i) qualifying income under the 75% gross income test, (ii) the acquisition or ownership of obligations secured by mortgages on real property or on interests in real property, or (iii) being an obligor on an obligation secured by mortgages on real property or on interests in real property. In addition, passive foreign exchange gain is not treated as gross income for purposes of the 95% gross income test only. Passive foreign exchange gain includes real estate foreign exchange gain and foreign currency gain attributable to (i) qualifying income under the 95% gross income test, (ii) the acquisition or ownership

58


Table of Contents

of obligations, or (iii) being the obligor on obligations and that, in the case of (ii) and (iii), does not fall within the scope of the real estate foreign exchange definition. In all cases, we intend that any foreign currency transactions will be structured in a manner that will not jeopardize our status as a REIT. No assurance can be given that any foreign currency gains that we recognize directly or through pass-through subsidiaries will not adversely affect our ability to satisfy the REIT qualification requirements.

        Interest income constitutes qualifying mortgage interest for purposes of the 75% income test (as described above) to the extent that the obligation upon which such interest is paid is secured by a mortgage on real property. If we receive interest income with respect to a mortgage loan that is secured by both real property and other property, and the highest principal amount of the loan outstanding during a taxable year exceeds the fair market value of the real property on the date that we acquired or originated the mortgage loan, the interest income will be apportioned between the real property and the other collateral, and our income from the arrangement will qualify for purposes of the 75% income test only to the extent that the interest is allocable to the real property. Even if a loan is not secured by real property, or is undersecured, the income that it generates may nonetheless qualify for purposes of the 95% income test. Notwithstanding the foregoing, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015, in the case of an obligation secured by both real and personal property, if the fair market value of such personal property does not exceed 15% of the total fair market value of all such collateral, such personal property is treated as real property and interest income from the arrangement is treated as allocable to real property.

        To the extent that the terms of a loan provide for contingent interest that is based on the cash proceeds realized upon the sale of the property securing the loan, income attributable to the participation feature will be treated as gain from sale of the underlying property, which generally will be qualifying income for purposes of both the 75% and 95% gross income tests provided that the real property is not held as inventory or dealer property or primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of business. To the extent that we derive interest income from a mortgage loan or income from the rental of real property (discussed below) where all or a portion of the amount of interest or rental income payable is contingent, such income generally will qualify for purposes of the gross income tests only if it is based upon the gross receipts or sales and not on the net income or profits of the borrower or lessee.

        Rents received by us will qualify as "rents from real property" in satisfying the gross income requirements described above only if several conditions are met. If rent is partly attributable to personal property leased in connection with a lease of real property, the portion of the rent that is attributable to the personal property will not qualify as "rents from real property" unless it constitutes 15% or less of the total rent received under the lease. In addition, the amount of rent generally must not be based in whole or in part on the income or profits of any person. Amounts received as rent, however, generally will not be excluded from rents from real property solely by reason of being based on fixed percentages of gross receipts or sales. Moreover, for rents received to qualify as "rents from real property," we generally must not operate or manage the property or furnish or render services to the tenants of such property, other than through an "independent contractor" from which we derive no revenue and that meets certain other requirements or through a TRS. We are permitted, however, to perform services that are "usually or customarily rendered" in connection with the rental of space for occupancy only and which are not otherwise considered rendered to the occupant of the property. In addition, we may directly or indirectly provide noncustomary services to tenants of our properties without disqualifying all of the rent from the property if the income from such services does not exceed 1% of the total gross income from the property. For purposes of this test, we are deemed to have received income from such non-customary services in an amount equal to at least 150% of the direct cost of providing the services. Moreover, we are generally permitted to provide services to tenants or others through a TRS without disqualifying the rental income received from tenants for purposes of the income tests. Also, rental income will qualify as rents from real property only to the extent that we do not directly or constructively hold a 10% or greater interest, as measured by vote or value (or assets or net profits, as applicable), in the lessee's equity.

59


Table of Contents

        We may directly or indirectly receive distributions from TRSs or other corporations that are not REITs or QRSs. These distributions generally are treated as dividend income to the extent of the earnings and profits of the distributing corporation. Such dividends will generally constitute qualifying income for purposes of the 95% gross income test, but not for purposes of the 75% gross income test. Any dividends that we receive from a REIT, however, will be qualifying income for purposes of both the 95% and 75% income tests.

        If we fail to satisfy one or both of the 75% or 95% gross income tests for any taxable year, we may still qualify as a REIT for such year if we are entitled to relief under applicable provisions of the Code. These relief provisions will be generally available if (i) our failure to meet these tests was due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect and (ii) following our identification of the failure to meet the 75% or 95% gross income test for any taxable year, we file a schedule with the IRS setting forth each item of our gross income for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income test for such taxable year in accordance with U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations. It is not possible to state whether we would be entitled to the benefit of these relief provisions in all circumstances. If these relief provisions are inapplicable to a particular set of circumstances, we will not qualify as a REIT. As discussed above under "—Taxation of REITs in General," even where these relief provisions apply, the Code imposes a tax based upon the amount by which we fail to satisfy the particular gross income test.

Asset Tests

        At the close of each calendar quarter, we must also satisfy certain tests relating to the nature of our assets. First, at least 75% of the value of our total assets must be represented by some combination of "real estate assets," cash, cash items, U.S. government securities, and, under some circumstances, stock or debt instruments purchased with new capital. For this purpose, real estate assets include interests in real property and interests in mortgages on real property and, for taxable years after December 31, 2015, debt instruments issued by REITs which are required to file annual and periodic reports with the SEC under the Exchange Act ("publicly offered REITs"), interests in mortgages on interests in real property, interests secured by a mortgage of both real and personal property if the fair market value of such personal property does not exceed 15% of the total fair market value of such real property and personal property, and personal property leased in connection with a lease of real property for which the fair market rental value attributable to such personal property is not greater than 15% of the total fair market rental value of all real and personal property received under such lease. Assets that do not qualify for purposes of the 75% test are subject to the additional asset tests described below.

        Second, the value of any one issuer's "securities" (defined to exclude "real estate assets") that we own (other than a TRS or QRS) may not exceed 5% of the value of our total assets.

        Third, we may not own more than 10% of any one issuer's outstanding securities, as measured by either voting power or value. The 10% asset tests do not apply to securities of TRSs and QRSs and the 10% asset test by value does not apply to "straight debt" having specified characteristics and to certain other securities described below. Solely for purposes of the 10% asset test by value, the determination of our interest in the assets of a partnership in which we own an interest will be based on our proportionate interest in any securities issued by the partnership, excluding for this purpose certain securities described in the Code, as well as our equity interest in the partnership, if any.

        Fourth, the aggregate value of all securities of TRSs that we hold may not exceed 20% of the value of our total assets (25% for taxable years before 2018). Fifth, not more than 25% of the value of our total assets is represented by securities (other than those securities includable as "real estate assets.") Sixth, for taxable years after December 31, 2015, not more than 25% of the value of our total assets is represented by nonqualified publicly offered REIT debt instruments.

60


Table of Contents

        Notwithstanding the general rule, as noted above, that for purposes of the REIT income and asset tests we are treated as owning our proportionate share of the underlying assets of a subsidiary partnership, if we hold indebtedness issued by a partnership, the indebtedness will be subject to, and may cause a violation of, the asset tests unless the indebtedness is a qualifying mortgage asset or other conditions are met. Similarly, although stock of another REIT is a qualifying asset for purposes of the REIT asset tests, any non-mortgage debt that is issued by another REIT, other than a publicly traded REIT (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017), may not so qualify (such debt, however, will not be treated as a "security" for purposes of the 10% asset test by value, as explained below).

        Certain relief provisions are available to REITs to satisfy the asset requirements or to maintain REIT qualification notwithstanding certain violations of the asset and other requirements. One such provision allows a REIT which fails one or more of the asset requirements to nevertheless maintain its REIT qualification if (i) the REIT provides the IRS with a description of each asset causing the failure, (ii) the failure is due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect, (iii) the REIT pays a tax equal to the greater of (A) $50,000 per failure, and (B) the product of the net income generated by the assets that caused the failure multiplied by the corporate tax rate (currently 21%), and (iv) the REIT either disposes of the assets causing the failure within six months after the last day of the quarter in which it identifies the failure, or otherwise satisfies the relevant asset tests within that time frame.

        In the case of de minimis violations of the 10% and 5% asset tests, a REIT may maintain its qualification despite a violation of such requirements if (i) the value of the assets causing the violation does not exceed the lesser of 1% of the REIT's total assets and $10,000,000, and (ii) the REIT either disposes of the assets causing the failure within six months after the last day of the quarter in which it identifies the failure, or the relevant tests are otherwise satisfied within that time frame.

        Certain securities will not cause a violation of the 10% asset test described above. Such securities include instruments that constitute "straight debt." A security does not qualify as "straight debt" where a REIT (or a controlled TRS of the REIT) owns other securities of the same issuer which do not qualify as straight debt, unless the value of those other securities constitute, in the aggregate, 1% or less of the total value of that issuer's outstanding securities. In addition to straight debt, the Code provides that certain other securities will not violate the 10% asset test. Such securities include (i) any loan made to an individual or an estate, (ii) certain rental agreements pursuant to which one or more payments are to be made in subsequent years (other than agreements between a REIT and certain persons related to the REIT under attribution rules), (iii) any obligation to pay rents from real property, (iv) securities issued by governmental entities that are not dependent in whole or in part on the profits of (or payments made by) a non-governmental entity, (v) any security (including debt securities) issued by another REIT, and (vi) any debt instrument issued by a partnership if the partnership's income is of a nature that it would satisfy the 75% gross income test described above under "—Income Tests." In applying the 10% asset test by value, a Debt Security issued by a partnership is not taken into account to the extent, if any, of the REIT's proportionate interest in the equity and certain debt securities issued by that partnership.

        We believe that our holdings of securities and other assets comply with the foregoing REIT asset requirements, and we intend to monitor compliance on an ongoing basis. Certain mezzanine loans we make or acquire may qualify for the safe harbor of Revenue Procedure 2003-65 pursuant to which certain loans secured by a first priority security interest in ownership interests in a partnership or limited liability company will be treated as qualifying assets for purposes of the 75% real estate asset test and the 10% vote or value test. See "—Income Tests." We may make some mezzanine loans that do not qualify for that safe harbor, qualify as "straight debt" securities or qualify for one of the other exclusions from the definition of "securities" for purposes of the 10% value test. We intend to make such investments in such a manner as not to fail the asset tests described above.

61


Table of Contents

        Some of our assets will consist of goodwill. We do not expect the value of any such goodwill to be significant, and, in any event, to negatively impact our compliance with the REIT asset tests.

        No independent appraisals will be obtained to support our conclusions as to the value of our total assets or the value of any particular security or securities. Moreover, values of some assets, may not be susceptible to a precise determination, and values are subject to change in the future. Furthermore, the proper classification of an instrument as debt or equity for U.S. federal income tax purposes may be uncertain in some circumstances, which could affect the application of the REIT asset requirements. Accordingly, there can be no assurance that the IRS will not contend that our interests in our subsidiaries or in the securities of other issuers will not cause a violation of the REIT asset tests.

        If we should fail to satisfy the asset tests at the end of a calendar quarter, such a failure would not cause us to lose our REIT qualification if (i) we satisfied the asset tests at the close of the preceding calendar quarter and (ii) the discrepancy between the value of our assets and the asset requirements was not wholly or partly caused by an acquisition of non-qualifying assets, but instead arose from changes in the market value of our assets. If the condition described in (ii) were not satisfied, we still could avoid disqualification by eliminating any discrepancy within 30 days after the close of the calendar quarter in which it arose or by making use of relief provisions described above.

Annual Distribution Requirements

        In order to qualify as a REIT, we are required to distribute dividends, other than capital gain dividends, to our stockholders in an amount at least equal to:

        We generally must make these distributions in the taxable year to which they relate, or in the following taxable year if declared before we timely file our tax return for the year and if paid with or before the first regular dividend payment after such declaration. In order for dividends paid with respect to taxable years prior to 2015, to provide a tax deduction for us for such years, the distributions must not be "preferential dividends." A distribution is not a preferential dividend if the distribution is (i) pro rata among all outstanding shares of stock within a particular class, and (ii) in accordance with the preferences among different classes of stock as set forth in our organizational documents. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2014, the preferential dividend rules no longer apply to publicly offered REITs. We are a publicly offered REIT.

        To the extent that we distribute at least 90%, but less than 100%, of our "REIT taxable income," as adjusted, we will be subject to tax at ordinary corporate tax rates on the retained portion. We may elect to retain, rather than distribute, our net long-term capital gains and pay tax on such gains. In this case, we could elect for our stockholders to include their proportionate shares of such undistributed long-term capital gains in income, and to receive a corresponding credit for their share of the tax that we paid. Our stockholders would then increase their adjusted basis of their stock by the difference between (i) the amounts of capital gain distributions that we designated and that they include in their taxable income, and (ii) the tax that we paid on their behalf with respect to that income.

        To the extent that we have available net operating losses carried forward from prior REIT tax years, such losses may reduce the amount of distributions that we must make in order to comply with the REIT distribution requirements. Such losses, however, will generally not affect the character, in the

62


Table of Contents

hands of our stockholders, of any distributions that are actually made as ordinary dividends or capital gains. See "—Taxation of Stockholders—Taxation of Taxable Domestic Stockholders—Distributions."

        If we should fail to distribute during a calendar year at least the sum of (i) 85% of our REIT ordinary income for such year, (ii) 95% of our REIT capital gain net income for such year, and (iii) any undistributed taxable income from prior periods, we would be subject to a non-deductible 4% excise tax on the excess of such required distribution over the sum of (A) the amounts actually distributed, and (B) the amounts of income for the taxable year we retained and on which we have paid corporate income tax.

        It is possible that, from time to time, we may not have sufficient cash to meet the distribution requirements due to timing differences between (i) our actual receipt of cash, including receipt of distributions from our subsidiaries, and (ii) our inclusion of items in income for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Other potential sources of non-cash taxable income include:

        In the event that such timing differences occur, in order to meet the distribution requirements, it might be necessary for us to arrange for short-term, or possibly long-term, borrowings, or to pay distributions in the form of taxable in-kind distributions of stock or other property.

        We may be able to rectify a failure to pay sufficient dividends for any year by paying "deficiency dividends" to stockholders in a later year. These deficiency dividends may be included in our deduction for dividends paid for the earlier year, but an interest charge would be imposed upon us for the delay in distribution.

        Under recent legislation, the deduction for net business interest is generally limited to 30% of the borrower's adjusted taxable income (excluding non-business income, net operating losses, business interest income, and, for taxable years beginning before January 1, 2022, computed without regard to depreciation and amortization). This limitation on the deductibility of net business interest could result in additional taxable income for us and our subsidiaries that are C corporations, including our TRSs, unless we or our subsidiaries qualify as real estate companies and elect not to be subject to such limitation in exchange for using longer depreciation periods that may otherwise be available.

Failure to Qualify

        If we fail to satisfy one or more requirements for REIT qualification other than the gross income or asset tests, we could avoid disqualification if our failure is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect and we pay a penalty of $50,000 for each such failure. Relief provisions are available for failures of the gross income tests and asset tests, as described above in "Income Tests" and "Asset Tests."

        If we fail to qualify for taxation as a REIT in any taxable year, and the relief provisions described above do not apply, we would be subject to tax, including, for taxable years beginning prior to January 1, 2018, any applicable alternative minimum tax, on our taxable income at the regular corporate rate. We cannot deduct dividends to stockholders in any year in which we do not qualify to be taxed as a REIT, nor would we be required to make distributions in such a year. In this situation, to the extent of current and accumulated earnings and profits, distributions to domestic stockholders that are individuals, trusts and estates will generally be taxable at qualified dividend rates. In addition,

63


Table of Contents

subject to the limitations of the Code, corporate distributees may be eligible for the dividends received deduction. Unless we are entitled to relief under specific statutory provisions, we would also be disqualified from re-electing to be taxed as a REIT for the four taxable years following the year during which we lost qualification. It is not possible to state whether, in all circumstances, we would be entitled to this statutory relief.

Sale-Leaseback Transactions

        Our investments may be in the form of sale-leaseback transactions. We normally intend to treat these transactions as true leases for U.S. federal income tax purposes. However, depending on the terms of any specific transaction, the IRS might take the position that the transaction is not a true lease but is more properly treated in some other manner, such as a financing arrangement or loan for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Even if our sale-leasebacks are treated as secured loans, for purposes of the REIT asset tests and the 75% gross income test, each "loan" would likely be considered to be collateralized by real property to the extent of the fair market value of the underlying property. As a result, we believe that we would continue to meet the REIT assets tests and gross income tests. However, it is possible that if one or more of our leases were recharacterized as a financing, the recharacterization of one or more of these transactions could cause us to fail to satisfy the REIT asset tests or gross income tests described above based upon the asset we would be treated as holding or the income we would be treated as having earned as a result of such recharacterization, and such failure could result in our failing to qualify as a REIT. In addition, if one or more of our leases were recharacterized as a loan, tax attributes associated with the ownership of real property—principally depreciation—would not be available to us, and the timing of our income inclusion would be affected. These changes in amount or timing of income inclusion or the loss of depreciation deductions resulting from the recharacterization could cause us to fail to meet the distribution requirement described above for one or more taxable years absent the availability of the deficiency dividend procedure or might result in a larger portion of our dividends being treated as ordinary income to our stockholders.

Prohibited Transactions

        Net income that we derive from a prohibited transaction is subject to a 100% tax. The term "prohibited transaction" generally includes a sale or other disposition of property (other than foreclosure property, as discussed below) that is held primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business. We intend to conduct our operations so that no asset that we own (or are treated as owning) will be treated as, or as having been, held for sale to customers, and that a sale of any such asset will not be treated as having been in the ordinary course of our business. Whether property is held "primarily for sale to customers in the ordinary course of a trade or business" depends on the particular facts and circumstances. No assurance can be given that any property that we sell will not be treated as property held for sale to customers, or that we can comply with certain safe-harbor provisions of the Code that would prevent such treatment. The 100% tax does not apply to gains from the sale of property that is held through a TRS or other taxable corporation, although such income will potentially be subject to tax in the hands of the corporation at the corporate rate.

Foreclosure Property

        Foreclosure property is real property and any personal property incident to such real property (i) that we acquire as the result of having bid on the property at foreclosure, or having otherwise reduced the property to ownership or possession by agreement or process of law, after a default (or upon imminent default) on a lease of the property or a mortgage loan held by us and secured by the property, (ii) for which we acquired the related loan or lease at a time when default was not imminent or anticipated, and (iii) with respect to which we made a proper election to treat the property as foreclosure property. We generally will be subject to tax at the corporate rate (currently 21%) on any

64


Table of Contents

net income from foreclosure property, including any gain from the disposition of the foreclosure property, other than income that would otherwise be qualifying income for purposes of the 75% gross income test. Any gain from the sale of property for which a foreclosure property election has been made will not be subject to the 100% tax on gains from prohibited transactions described above, even if the property would otherwise constitute inventory or dealer property. To the extent that we receive any income from foreclosure property that does not qualify for purposes of the 75% gross income test, we intend to make an election to treat the related property as foreclosure property.

Derivatives and Hedging Transactions

        We and our subsidiaries may enter into hedging transactions with respect to interest rate and foreign currency exposure on one or more of our assets or liabilities. Hedging transactions could take a variety of forms, including the use of derivative instruments such as interest rate swaps, interest rate cap agreements, options, futures contracts, forward rate agreements or similar financial instruments. Except to the extent provided by U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, any income from a hedging transaction will not constitute gross income for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests if we entered into such hedging transaction (i) in the normal course of our business primarily to manage risk of interest rate, inflation and/or currency fluctuations with respect to borrowings made or to be made, or ordinary obligations incurred or to be incurred, to acquire or carry real estate assets, which is clearly identified as specified in U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations before the closing of the day on which it was acquired, originated, or entered into, including gain from the sale or disposition of such a transaction, (ii) primarily to manage risk of currency fluctuations with respect to any item of income or gain that would be qualifying income under the 75% or 95% income tests which is clearly identified as such before the closing of the day on which it was acquired, originated, or entered into, and (iii) for taxable years after December 31, 2015, primarily to manage risk with respect to a prior hedge entered into in connection with property that has been disposed of or liabilities that have been extinguished. To the extent that we enter into other types of hedging transactions, the income from those transactions is likely to be treated as non-qualifying income for purposes of the 75% or 95% gross income tests. We intend to structure any hedging transactions in a manner that does not jeopardize our qualification as a REIT. We may conduct some or all of our hedging activities through our TRS or other corporate entity, the income from which may be subject to U.S. federal income tax, rather than by participating in the arrangements directly or through pass-through subsidiaries. No assurance can be given, however, that our hedging activities will not give rise to income that does not qualify for purposes of either or both of the REIT gross income tests, or that our hedging activities will not adversely affect our ability to satisfy the REIT qualification requirements.

Redetermined Rents, Redetermined Deductions, Excess Interest and Redetermined TRS Service Income

        Any redetermined rents, redetermined deductions, excess interest or (for taxable years after December 31, 2015) redetermined TRS service income we generate will be subject to a 100% penalty tax. In general, redetermined rents are rents from real property that are overstated as a result of services furnished by one of our TRSs to any of our tenants, redetermined deductions and excess interest represent amounts that are deducted by a TRS for amounts paid to us that are in excess of the amounts that would have been deducted based on arm's length agreements, and redetermined TRS service income is income of a TRS attributable to services provided to us or on our behalf that is less than the income that would have been earned from such services based on arm's length agreements. Rents we receive will not constitute redetermined rents if they qualify under the safe harbor provisions contained in the Code. We intend to deal with our TRSs on a commercially reasonable arm's length basis. However, these determinations are inherently factual, and the IRS has broad discretion to assert that amounts paid between related parties should be reallocated to clearly reflect their respective incomes. If the IRS successfully made such an assertion, we would be required to pay a 100% penalty tax on the difference between the arm's length amount and the amount actually paid.

65


Table of Contents

Taxation of Stockholders

Taxation of Taxable Domestic Stockholders

        In this section, the phrase "domestic stockholder" means a holder of shares of our Common Stock that for U.S. federal income tax purposes is:

        If a partnership, including for this purpose any entity that is treated as a partnership for U.S federal income tax purposes, holds shares of our shares Inc. Common Stock, the tax treatment of a partner in the partnership will generally depend upon the status of the partner and the activities of the partnership. An investor that is a partnership and the partners in such partnership should consult their tax advisors about the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of shares of our Common Stock.

        So long as we qualify as a REIT, the distributions that we make to our taxable domestic stockholders out of current or accumulated earnings and profits that we do not designate as capital gain distributions will generally be taken into account by stockholders as ordinary income and will not be eligible for the dividends received deduction for corporations. With limited exceptions, our dividends are not eligible for taxation at the preferential income tax rates for qualified dividends received by domestic stockholders that are individuals, trusts and estates from taxable C corporations. Such stockholders, however, are taxed at the preferential rates on dividends designated by and received from REITs to the extent that the dividends are attributable to:

        Distributions that we designate as capital gain dividends will generally be taxed to our stockholders as long-term capital gains, to the extent that such distributions do not exceed our actual net capital gain for the taxable year, and, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015, to the extent that such gain does not exceed our dividends paid for the taxable year, including dividends paid the following year that are treated as paid in the current year, without regard to the period for which the stockholder that receives such distribution has held its stock. We may elect to retain and pay taxes on some or all of our net long-term capital gains, in which case provisions of the Code will treat our stockholders as having received, solely for tax purposes, our undistributed capital gains, and the stockholders will receive a corresponding credit for taxes that we paid on such undistributed capital gains. See "—Annual Distribution Requirements." Corporate stockholders may be required to treat up

66


Table of Contents

to 20% of some capital gain distributions as ordinary income. Long-term capital gains are generally taxable at maximum federal rates of 20% in the case of stockholders that are individuals, trusts and estates, and 21% in the case of stockholders that are corporations. Capital gains attributable to the sale of depreciable real property held for more than 12 months are subject to a 25% maximum U.S. federal income tax rate for taxpayers who are taxed as individuals, to the extent of previously claimed depreciation deductions.

        Distributions in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits will generally represent a return of capital and will not be taxable to a stockholder to the extent that the amount of such distributions do not exceed the adjusted basis of the stockholder's shares in respect of which the distributions were made. Rather, the distribution will reduce the adjusted basis of the stockholder's shares. To the extent that such distributions exceed the adjusted basis of a stockholder's shares, the stockholders generally must include such distributions in income as long-term capital gain, or short-term capital gain if the shares have been held for one year or less. In addition, any distribution that we declare in October, November or December of any year and that is payable to a stockholders of record on a specified date in any such month will be treated as both paid by us and received by the stockholders on December 31 of such year, provided that we actually pay the distribution during January of the following calendar year.

        For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017 and before January 1, 2026, a non-corporate U.S. stockholder may deduct 20% of ordinary REIT dividends (i.e., not including any REIT capital gain dividends or qualified dividends). The cumulative amount that a U.S. stockholder may deduct for any taxable year with respect to ordinary REIT dividends from all sources (together with certain other categories of income that are also eligible for such 20% deduction) may not exceed 20% of such U.S. stockholder's total taxable income (excluding any net capital gain). Under final U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations recently issued by the IRS, in order to qualify for this deduction with respect to a dividend on our common shares, a U.S. stockholder must hold such shares for more than 45 days during the 91-day period beginning on the date which is 45 days before the date on which such shares become ex-dividend with respect to such dividend (taking into account certain special holding period rules that may, among other consequences, reduce a stockholder's holding period during any period in which the stockholder has diminished its risk of loss with respect to the shares). Stockholders are urged to consult their tax advisors as to their ability to claim this deduction.

        To the extent that we have available net operating losses and capital losses carried forward from prior tax years, such losses may reduce the amount of distributions that we must make in order to comply with the REIT distribution requirements. See "—Annual Distribution Requirements." Such losses, however, are not passed through to stockholders and do not offset income of stockholders from other sources, nor would such losses affect the character of any distributions that we make, which are generally subject to tax in the hands of stockholders to the extent that we have current or accumulated earnings and profits.

        In general, capital gains recognized by individuals, trusts and estates upon the sale or disposition of our stock will be subject to a maximum U.S. federal income tax rate of 20% if the stock is held for more than one year, and will be taxed at ordinary income rates (currently, of up to 37%) if the stock is held for one year or less, but will generally be eligible for the 20% deduction (described above). Gains recognized by stockholders that are corporations are subject to U.S. federal income tax at the corporate rate (21%), whether or not such gains are classified as long-term capital gains. Capital losses recognized by a stockholder upon the disposition of our stock that was held for more than one year at the time of disposition will be considered long-term capital losses, and are generally available only to offset capital gain income of the stockholder but not ordinary income (except in the case of individuals, who may offset up to $3,000 of ordinary income each year). In addition, any loss upon a sale or

67


Table of Contents

exchange of shares of our stock by a stockholder who has held the shares for six months or less, after applying holding period rules, will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of distributions that we make that are required to be treated by the stockholder as long-term capital gain.

        If an investor recognizes a loss upon a subsequent disposition of our stock or other securities in an amount that exceeds a prescribed threshold, it is possible that the provisions of U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations involving "reportable transactions" could apply, with a resulting requirement to separately disclose the loss-generating transaction to the IRS. These regulations, though directed towards "tax shelters," are broadly written and apply to transactions that may not typically be considered tax shelters. The Code imposes significant penalties for failure to comply with these requirements. You should consult your tax advisor concerning any possible disclosure obligation with respect to the receipt or disposition of our stock or securities or transactions that we might undertake directly or indirectly. Moreover, you should be aware that we and other participants in the transactions in which we are involved (including their advisors) might be subject to disclosure or other requirements pursuant to these regulations.

        Distributions that we make and gain arising from the sale or exchange by a domestic stockholder of our stock will not be treated as passive activity income. As a result, stockholders will not be able to apply any "passive losses" against income or gain relating to our stock. If we make dividends to non-corporate domestic stockholders, the dividends will be treated as investment income for purposes of computing the investment interest limitation. However, net capital gain from the disposition of our stock (or distributions treated as such), capital gain dividends and dividends taxed at net capital gains rates generally will be excluded from investment income except to the extent the domestic stockholder elects to treat such amounts as ordinary income for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        Certain domestic stockholders who are individuals, estates or trusts are also required to pay an additional 3.8% tax on, among other things, dividends on and capital gains from the sale or other disposition of stock.

Taxation of Non-U.S. Holders

        The following is a summary of certain U.S. federal income and estate tax consequences of the ownership and disposition of our stock applicable to certain non-U.S. holders. A "non-U.S. holder" is any person other than a domestic stockholder or an entity treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        The following discussion is based on current law, and is for general information only. It addresses only selected, and not all, aspects of U.S. federal income and estate taxation.

        The portion of distributions received by non-U.S. holders that (i) is payable out of our earnings and profits, (ii) is not attributable to our capital gains and (iii) is not effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. holder, will be subject to U.S. withholding tax at the rate of 30%, unless reduced or eliminated by treaty. We generally plan to withhold U.S. income tax at the rate of 30% on the gross amount of any such distribution paid to a non-U.S. holder unless either:

68


Table of Contents

        Reduced treaty rates and other exemptions are not available to the extent that income is attributable to excess inclusion income (i.e., certain income from taxable mortgage pools or Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits residual interests) allocable to the non-U.S. holder. Accordingly, we will withhold at a rate of 30% on any portion of a distribution that is paid to a non-U.S. holder and attributable to that holder's share of our excess inclusion income. As required by IRS guidance, we intend to notify our stockholders if a portion of a distribution paid by us is attributable to excess inclusion income.

        Subject to the discussion below, in general, non-U.S. holders will not be considered to be engaged in a U.S. trade or business solely as a result of their ownership of our stock. In cases where the dividend income from a non-U.S. holder's investment in our stock is, or is treated as, effectively connected with the non-U.S. holder's conduct of a U.S. trade or business, the non-U.S. holder generally will be subject to U.S. federal income tax at graduated rates, in the same manner as domestic stockholders are taxed with respect to such distributions. Such income must generally be reported on a U.S. income tax return filed by or on behalf of the non-U.S. holder. The income may also be subject to the 30% branch profits tax (or such lower rate as may be specified by an applicable income tax treaty) in the case of a non-U.S. holder that is a corporation.

        Unless our stock constitutes a U.S. real property interest (a "USRPI"), distributions that we make that are not out of our earnings and profits will not be subject to U.S. income tax. If we cannot determine at the time a distribution is made whether or not the distribution will exceed current and accumulated earnings and profits, the distribution will be subject to withholding at the rate applicable to ordinary dividends. The non-U.S. holder may seek a refund from the IRS of any amounts withheld if it is subsequently determined that the distribution was, in fact, in excess of our current and accumulated earnings and profits. If our stock constitutes a USRPI, as described below, distributions that we make in excess of the sum of (i) the stockholder's proportionate share of our earnings and profits, plus (ii) the stockholder's basis in its stock, will be taxed under the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act of 1980 ("FIRPTA") (unless an exemption to FIRPTA applies for a specific non-U.S. holder, at the rate of tax, including any applicable capital gains rates, that would apply to a domestic stockholder of the same type (e.g., an individual or a corporation, as the case may be), and the collection of the tax will be enforced by a refundable withholding at a rate of 15% of the amount by which the distribution exceeds the stockholder's share of our earnings and profits.

        Under FIRPTA, a distribution that we make to a non-U.S. holder, to the extent attributable to gains from dispositions of USRPIs that we held directly or through pass-through subsidiaries, or "USRPI capital gains," will, except as described below, be considered effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of the non-U.S. holder and will be subject to U.S. income tax at the rates applicable to U.S. individuals or corporations, without regard to whether we designate the distribution as a capital gain distribution. See above under "—Ordinary Dividends," for a discussion of the consequences of income that is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business. In addition, we will be required to withhold tax equal to 21% of the amount of distributions to the extent the distributions constitute USRPI capital gains. Distributions subject to FIRPTA may also be subject to a 30% branch profits tax (or such lower rate as may be specified by an applicable income tax treaty) in the hands of a non-U.S. holder that is a corporation. A distribution is not a USRPI capital gain if we held an interest in the underlying asset solely as a creditor. Capital gain distributions received by a non-U.S. holder that are attributable to dispositions of our assets other than USRPIs are not subject to U.S. federal income or withholding tax, unless (i) the gain is effectively connected with the non-U.S. holder's U.S. trade or business and, if certain treaties apply, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment maintained by

69


Table of Contents

the non-U.S. holder, in which case the non-U.S. holder would be subject to the same treatment as U.S. holders with respect to such gain, or (ii) the non-U.S. holder is a nonresident alien individual who was present in the United States for 183 days or more during the taxable year and has a "tax home" in the United States, in which case the non-U.S. holder will incur a 30% tax on his or her capital gains.

        A capital gain distribution that would otherwise have been treated as a USRPI capital gain will not be so treated or be subject to FIRPTA, and generally will not be treated as income that is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business, and instead will be treated in the same manner as an ordinary dividend, if (i) the capital gain distribution is received with respect to a class of stock that is regularly traded on an established securities market located in the United States, and (ii) the recipient non-U.S. holder does not own more than 10% of that class of stock at any time during the year ending on the date on which the capital gain distribution is received. The shares of our Common Stock are listed on the NYSE under the symbol "WPC." In addition, distributions to certain publicly traded non-U.S. holders that meet certain record-keeping and other requirements ("qualified shareholders") are exempt from FIRPTA and will instead be treated as ordinary dividend distributions, except to the extent owners of such qualified shareholder that are not also qualified shareholders own, actually or constructively, more than 10% of our Common Stock. Furthermore, distributions to "qualified foreign pension funds" or entities all of the interests of which are held by "qualified foreign pension funds" are exempt from FIRPTA. Non-U.S. holders should consult their tax advisors regarding the application of these rules.

        Unless our stock constitutes a USRPI, a sale of our stock by a non-U.S. holder generally will not be subject to U.S. taxation under FIRPTA. Our stock could be treated as a USRPI if 50% or more of our assets at any time during a prescribed testing period consist of interests in real property located within the United States, excluding, for this purpose, interests in real property solely in a capacity as a creditor. We expect to meet this 50% test.

        Even if the foregoing 50% test is met, however, our stock nonetheless will not constitute a USRPI if we are a "domestically-controlled qualified investment entity." A domestically-controlled qualified investment entity includes a REIT, less than 50% of value of which is held directly or indirectly by non-U.S. holders at all times during a specified testing period. In addition, effective as of December 18, 2015, any person that at all times during the testing period holds less than 5% of a class of our stock that is regularly traded on an established securities market in the United States is treated as a U.S. holder unless we have actual knowledge that such person is a non-U.S. holder. We believe that we will be a domestically-controlled qualified investment entity, and that a sale of our stock should not be subject to taxation under FIRPTA.

        In the event that we are not a domestically-controlled qualified investment entity, but our stock is "regularly traded," as defined by applicable U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, on an established securities market, a non-U.S. holder's sale of our Common Stock nonetheless would not be subject to tax under FIRPTA as a sale of a USRPI, provided that the selling non-U.S. holder held 10% or less of our outstanding Common Stock at all times during a specified testing period.

        If gain on the sale of our stock were subject to taxation under FIRPTA, or in the absence of a specific exemption for a non-U.S. holder, the non-U.S. holder would be required to file a U.S. federal income tax return and would be subject to the same treatment as a U.S. stockholder with respect to such gain, subject to applicable alternative minimum tax and a special alternative minimum tax in the case of non-resident alien individuals, and the purchaser of the stock could be required to withhold 15% of the purchase price and remit such amount to the IRS.

        FIRPTA Exemption—Qualified Shareholders.    Subject to the exception discussed below, any distribution on or after December 18, 2015 to a "qualified shareholder" who holds stock of a REIT

70


Table of Contents

directly or indirectly (through one or more partnerships) will not be subject to United States tax as income effectively connected with a United States trade or business and thus will not be subject to special withholding rules under FIRPTA. While a "qualified shareholder" will not be subject to FIRPTA withholding on REIT distributions, certain investors of a "qualified shareholder" (i.e., non-U.S. persons who hold interests in the "qualified shareholder" (other than interests solely as a creditor), and hold more than 10% of the stock of the REIT in which the "qualified shareholder" holds stock (whether or not by reason of the investor's ownership in the "qualified shareholder") may be subject to FIRPTA withholding.

        A "qualified shareholder" is a foreign person that (i) either is eligible for the benefits of a comprehensive income tax treaty which includes an exchange of information program and whose principal class of interests is listed and regularly traded on one or more recognized stock exchanges (as defined in such comprehensive income tax treaty), or is a foreign partnership that is created or organized under foreign law as a limited partnership in a jurisdiction that has an agreement for the exchange of information with respect to taxes with the United States and has a class of limited partnership units representing greater than 50% of the value of all the partnership units that is regularly traded on the NYSE or NASDAQ markets, (ii) is a qualified collective investment vehicle (defined below), and (iii) maintains records on the identity of each person who, at any time during the foreign person's taxable year, is the direct owner of 5% or more of the class of interests or units (as applicable) described in (i), above.

        A qualified collective investment vehicle is a foreign person that (i) would be eligible for a reduced rate of withholding with respect to ordinary dividends under the comprehensive income tax treaty described above, even if such entity holds more than 10% of the stock of such REIT, (ii) is publicly traded (as defined in Section 7704(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, is treated as a partnership under the Internal Revenue Code, is a withholding foreign partnership for purposes of United States withholding taxes, and would be treated as a United States real property holding company if it were a domestic corporation, or (iii) is designated as such by the Secretary of the Treasury and is either (a) fiscally transparent within the meaning of Section 894 of the Internal Revenue Code, or (b) required to include dividends in its gross income, but is entitled to a deduction for distributions to its investors.

        FIRPTA Exemption—Qualified Foreign Pension Funds.    Any distribution on or after December 18, 2015 to a "qualified foreign pension fund" or an entity all of the interests of which are held by a "qualified foreign pension fund" who holds REIT stock directly or indirectly (through one or more partnerships) will generally not be subject to United States tax as income effectively connected with a United States trade or business and thus will not be subject to the withholding rules under FIRPTA.

        A qualified foreign pension fund is any trust, corporation, or other organization or arrangement (i) which is created or organized under the law of a country other than the United States, (ii) which is established (A) by such country (or one or more political subdivisions thereof) to provide retirement or pension benefits to participants or beneficiaries that are current or former employees (including self-employees or persons designated by such employees) as a result of services rendered by such employees to their employers or (B) by one or more employers to provide retirement or pension benefits to participants or beneficiaries that are current or former employees (including self-employees) or persons designated by such employees in consideration for services rendered by such employees to such employers, (iii) which does not have a single participant or beneficiary with a right to more than 5% of its assets or income, (iv) which is subject to government regulation and with respect to which an annual information reporting about its beneficiaries is provided or otherwise available to the relevant tax authorities in the country in which it is established or operates and (v) with respect to which, under the laws of the country in which it is established or operates, (A) contributions to such organization or arrangement that would otherwise be subject to tax under such laws are deductible or excluded from the gross income of such entity or taxed at a reduced rate, or (B) taxation of any investment income of

71


Table of Contents

such organization or arrangement is deferred, excluded from gross income or such income is taxed at a reduced rate.

        In general, special wash sale rules apply if a stockholder owning more than 5% of our Common Stock avoids a taxable distribution of gain recognized from the sale or exchange of USRPIs by selling our Common Stock before the ex-dividend date of the distribution and then, within a designated period, enters into an option or contract to acquire shares of the same or a substantially identical class of our Common Stock. If a wash sale occurs, then the seller/repurchaser will be treated as having gain recognized from the sale or exchange of USRPIs in the same amount as if the avoided distribution had actually been received. Non-U.S. holders should consult their own tax advisors on the special wash sale rules that apply to non-U.S. holders.

        If our stock is owned or treated as owned by an individual who is not a citizen or resident (as specially defined for U.S. federal estate tax purposes) of the United States at the time of such individual's death, the stock will be includable in the individual's gross estate for U.S. federal estate tax purposes, unless an applicable estate tax treaty provides otherwise, and may therefore be subject to U.S. federal estate tax.

Foreign Accounts

        The FATCA provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, together with administrative guidance and certain intergovernmental agreements entered into thereunder, impose a 30% withholding tax on certain types of payments (including dividends on our stock and, subject to the proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations as discussed below, gross proceeds from the sale or other disposition of, our stock) made to "foreign financial institutions" and certain other non-United States entities unless (i) the foreign financial institution undertakes certain diligence and reporting obligations or (ii) the foreign non-financial entity either certifies it does not have any substantial United States owners or furnishes identifying information regarding each substantial United States owner. If the payee is a foreign financial institution that is not subject to special treatment under certain intergovernmental agreements, it must enter into an agreement with the United States Treasury requiring, among other things, that it undertakes to identify accounts held by certain United States persons or United States-owned foreign entities, annually report certain information about such accounts and withhold 30% on payments to account holders whose actions prevent them from complying with these reporting and other requirements. Investors in jurisdictions that have entered into intergovernmental agreements may, in lieu of the foregoing requirements, be required to report such information to their home jurisdictions. The requirements under FATCA may be modified by an intergovernmental agreement (an "IGA") between the United States and another country, such as the IGA between the United States and the Netherlands. Prospective investors should consult their tax advisors regarding this legislation and the applicability of any IGA in their home jurisdiction. Under the applicable U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations and administrative guidance, withholding under FATCA generally applies to payments of dividends on our stock. Proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations have been issued that, when finalized, will provide that the 30% withholding tax will not apply to payments of gross proceeds from the sale, exchange or other disposition of our stock. In the preamble to the proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, the government provided that taxpayers may rely upon the proposed regulations until the issuance of final U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations.

72


Table of Contents

Taxation of Tax-Exempt Stockholders

        Tax-exempt entities, including qualified employee pension and profit sharing trusts and individual retirement accounts, generally are exempt from U.S. federal income taxation. However, they may be subject to taxation on their unrelated business taxable income ("UBTI"). While some investments in real estate may generate UBTI, the IRS has ruled that dividend distributions from a REIT to a tax-exempt employee pension trust do not automatically constitute UBTI. Based on that ruling, and provided that (i) a tax-exempt stockholder has not held our stock as "debt financed property" within the meaning of the Code (e.g., where the acquisition or holding of the property is financed through a borrowing by the tax-exempt stockholder), and (ii) our stock is not otherwise used in an unrelated trade or business, distributions that we make and income from the sale of our stock generally should not give rise to UBTI to a tax-exempt stockholder.

        Tax-exempt stockholders that are social clubs, voluntary employee benefit associations, supplemental unemployment benefit trusts, and qualified group legal services plans exempt from U.S. federal income taxation under Sections 501(c)(7), (c)(9), (c)(17) and (c)(20) of the Code are subject to different UBTI rules, which generally require such stockholders to characterize distributions that we make as UBTI.

        In certain circumstances, a pension trust that owns more than 10% of our stock by value could be required to treat a percentage of its distributions as UBTI, if we are a "pension-held REIT." We will not be a pension-held REIT unless either (i) one pension trust owns more than 25% of the value of our stock, or (ii) a group of pension trusts, each individually holding more than 10% of the value of our stock, collectively owns more than 50% of the value of our stock. Certain restrictions on ownership and transfer of our stock should generally prevent a tax-exempt entity from owning more than 10% of the value of our stock and should generally prevent us from becoming a "pension-held REIT."

        Tax-exempt stockholders are urged to consult their tax advisors regarding the U.S. federal, state and local and foreign income and other tax consequences of owning our stock.

Backup Withholding and Information Reporting

        We will report to our domestic stockholders and the IRS the amount of dividends paid during each calendar year and the amount of any tax withheld. Under the backup withholding rules, a domestic stockholder may be subject to backup withholding with respect to dividends paid unless the holder is a corporation or comes within other exempt categories and, when required, demonstrates this fact or provides a taxpayer identification number or social security number, certifies as to no loss of exemption from backup withholding and otherwise complies with applicable requirements of the backup withholding rules. A domestic stockholder that does not provide his or her correct taxpayer identification number or social security number may also be subject to penalties imposed by the IRS. Backup withholding is not an additional tax. In addition, we may be required to withhold a portion of a capital gain distribution to any domestic stockholders who fails to certify its non-foreign status.

        We must report annually to the IRS and to each non-U.S. stockholder the amount of dividends paid to such holder and the tax withheld with respect to such dividends, regardless of whether withholding was required. Copies of the information returns reporting such dividends and withholding may also be made available to the tax authorities in the country in which the non-U.S. stockholder resides under the provisions of an applicable income tax treaty. A non-U.S. stockholder may be subject to backup withholding unless applicable certification requirements are met.

        Payment of the proceeds of a sale of our Common Stock within the U.S. is subject to both backup withholding and information reporting unless the beneficial owner certifies under penalties of perjury that it is a non-U.S. stockholder (and the payor does not have actual knowledge or reason to know that the beneficial owner is a U.S. person) or the holder otherwise establishes an exemption. Payment of the

73


Table of Contents

proceeds of a sale of our Common Stock conducted through certain U.S. related financial intermediaries is subject to information reporting (but not backup withholding) unless the financial intermediary has documentary evidence in its records that the beneficial owner is a non-U.S. stockholder and specified conditions are met or an exemption is otherwise established. Any amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules may be allowed as a refund or a credit against such holder's U.S. federal income tax liability provided the required information is furnished to the IRS.

Legislative or Other Actions Affecting REITs

        The rules dealing with U.S. federal income taxation are constantly under review by persons involved in the legislative process and by the IRS and the U.S. Department of Treasury. Changes to the U.S. federal tax laws and interpretations thereof could adversely affect an investment in our stock.

        We and our subsidiaries and stockholders may be subject to state, local or foreign taxation in various jurisdictions including those in which we or they transact business, own property or reside. We own real property assets located in numerous jurisdictions, and will be required to file tax returns in some of those jurisdictions. Our state, local or foreign tax treatment and that of our stockholders may not conform to the U.S. federal income tax treatment discussed above. We may own foreign real estate assets and pay foreign property taxes, and dispositions of foreign property or operations involving, or investments in, foreign real estate assets may give rise to foreign income or other tax liability in amounts that could be substantial. Any foreign taxes that we incur do not pass through to stockholders as a credit against their U.S. federal income tax liability. Prospective investors should consult their tax advisors regarding the application and effect of state, local and foreign income and other tax laws on an investment in our stock.

        The tax act commonly known as the TCJA was passed by Congress on December 20, 2017 and signed into law on December 22, 2017. The TCJA significantly changed the U.S. federal income tax laws applicable to businesses and their owners, including REITs and their shareholders. Technical corrections or other amendments to the TCJA or administrative guidance interpreting the TCJA may be forthcoming at any time. We cannot predict the long-term effect of the TCJA or any future law changes on us or our stockholders. Potential investors should consult with their tax advisors regarding the effect of the TCJA on their particular circumstances (including the impact of other changes enacted as part of the TCJA that do not directly relate to REITs and thus are not discussed herein).

74


Table of Contents


MATERIAL U.S. FEDERAL INCOME TAX CONSIDERATIONS RELEVANT
TO HOLDERS OF OUR DEBT SECURITIES

        The following is a general summary of the material U.S. federal income tax consequences of the purchase, ownership, and disposition of the Debt Securities covered by this prospectus. This discussion is for Holders (as defined below) that hold the Debt Securities as capital assets within the meaning of Section 1221 of the Code, and does not purport to discuss all U.S. federal income tax consequences that may be applicable to the individual circumstances of Holders in special tax situations, including but not limited to banks, insurance companies, other financial institutions, certain former citizens or residents of the United States, tax-exempt organizations, traders in securities that elect to use a mark-to-market method of accounting for their securities holdings, brokers, dealers or traders in securities or currencies, mutual funds, regulated investment companies, REITs, S corporations, estates and trusts, a person subject to alternative minimum tax, a U.S. expatriate, Holders that hold the Debt Securities as part of a hedge, straddle, or an integrated or conversion transaction, or U.S. Holders (as defined below) whose functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, or are partnerships or other pass-through entities. In all cases, prospective investors are advised to consult their own tax advisors regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of purchasing, owning, and disposing of Debt Securities, as well as any tax consequences arising under the laws of any state, local, foreign, or other taxing jurisdiction. In addition, this summary of certain U.S. federal income tax consequences is for general information only and is not tax advice for any particular Holder. Additionally, this summary does not address U.S. federal estate and gift tax consequences of holding the Debt Securities, the alternative minimum tax, or the tax laws of any state, locality or other political subdivision of the United States or other countries or jurisdictions.

        As we use the term, a "U.S. person" means any of the following:

        "U.S. Holder" means a U.S. person that beneficially owns a Debt Security. "Non-U.S. Holder" means a beneficial owner of a Debt Security that is an individual, a corporation, an estate, or a trust that is not a U.S. person. "Holder" means either a U.S. Holder or a Non-U.S. Holder.

        If a partnership (or other entity or arrangement treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) holds Debt Securities, the treatment of a partner will generally depend upon the status of the particular partner and the activities of the partnership. If a partnership (or other entity or arrangement treated as such) holds Debt Securities, the partnership and its partners should consult their own tax advisors regarding the U.S. federal income tax consequences of the purchase, ownership and disposition of the Debt Securities.

75


Table of Contents

        The discussion below is based upon the Code, U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations thereunder, and judicial and administrative interpretations thereof, all as in effect as of the date of this Prospectus Supplement and any of which may at any time be repealed, revoked or modified or subject to differing interpretations, potentially retroactively, so as to result in U.S. federal income tax consequences different from those discussed below.

        The summary of the U.S. federal income tax consequences set out below is for general information only. Prospective Holders should consult their own tax advisors regarding the tax consequences to them of purchasing, owning, and disposing of Debt Securities, including the tax consequences under state, local, foreign, and other tax laws and the possible effects of changes in U.S. federal or other tax laws.

Certain Contingent Payments

        In certain circumstances, we may redeem the Debt Securities at times earlier than the final maturity. In addition, in certain circumstances, we may be required to pay additional amounts to Non-U.S. Holders in respect of U.S. tax withholding or deductions. The possibility of such redemptions or the payment of such additional amounts may implicate the provisions of U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations relating to "contingent payment debt instruments." Under the applicable U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, however, the possibility of redemption of the Debt Securities or the payment of additional amounts will not affect the amount, timing or character of income recognized by a Holder with respect to the Debt Securities if, as of the date the Debt Securities are issued, there is only a remote chance that we will redeem the Debt Securities or otherwise pay additional amounts on the Debt Securities, or certain other exceptions apply. We intend to take the position that the contingencies associated with any redemption or the payment of any additional amounts should not cause the Debt Securities to be subject to the contingent payment debt instrument rules. Our determination is binding on a Holder unless such Holder discloses its contrary position in the manner required by applicable U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations. Our determination is not, however, binding on the IRS, and if the IRS were to successfully challenge this determination, a Holder might be required to accrue interest income at a higher rate than the stated interest rate on the Debt Securities, and to treat as ordinary income any gain realized on the taxable disposition of a Debt Security. The remainder of this discussion assumes that the Debt Securities will not be treated as contingent payment debt instruments. Prospective Holders should consult their own tax advisors regarding the potential application to the Debt Securities of the contingent payment debt instrument rules and the consequences thereof.

U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences to U.S. Holders

        Payments of Interest and Principal.    Payments of stated interest on the Debt Securities generally will be taxable to a U.S. Holder as ordinary income at the time that such payments are received or accrued, in accordance with such U.S. Holder's usual method of accounting for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        Original Issue Discount.    It is expected that the issue price of the Debt Securities will equal the stated principal amount of the Debt Securities or the Debt Securities will be issued with no more than a de minimis amount of OID for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        OID is treated as de minimis for U.S. federal income tax purposes if it is less than 0.25% of the principal amount of the Debt Securities multiplied by the number of complete years to maturity of the Debt Securities. If the Debt Securities are in fact issued at greater than de minimis OID or are treated as having been issued with OID under the U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, then generally, the excess of the "stated redemption price at maturity" of the Debt Securities offered hereunder (generally equal to their principal amount as of the date of original issuance plus all interest other than "qualified stated interest payments" payable prior to or at maturity) over their original issue price (in

76


Table of Contents

this case, the initial offering price at which a substantial amount of the Debt Securities offered hereunder are sold to the public) will constitute OID. A Holder must include OID in income over the term of the Debt Securities under a constant yield method. In general, OID must be included in income in advance of the receipt of the cash representing that income.

        Under a provision enacted in the TCJA applicable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018, a U.S. Holder using an accrual method of income tax accounting and issuing a financial statement for certain purposes may be required to accrue any OID on the Debt Securities in the manner reported on such financial statement (rather than under the provisions described above) if the financial statement reporting results in earlier inclusion of income. U.S. Holders reporting results of operations on financial statements should consult their tax advisors regarding the application of this provision to their particular circumstances.

        Sale, Exchange and Redemption of Debt Securities.    When a U.S. Holder sells, exchanges or otherwise disposes of a Debt Security in a taxable transaction, including by retirement or redemption, such U.S. Holder will recognize gain or loss equal to the difference, if any, between the amount realized on the disposition or retirement (not including any amount attributable to accrued but unpaid interest) and the U.S. Holder's adjusted tax basis in the Debt Security. Any amount realized on the disposition that is attributable to accrued but unpaid stated interest will be taxable to a U.S. Holder as ordinary interest income to the extent not previously included in the U.S. Holder's gross income in the manner described above under "—Payments of Interest and Principal". A U.S. Holder's adjusted tax basis in a Debt Security generally will equal the amount paid for the Debt Security, increased by the amount of any OID (if any) included in the U.S. Holder's income with respect to the Debt Security. Any such gain or loss will be characterized as capital gain or loss and will be long term capital gain or loss if the Debt Security was held by the U.S. Holder for more than one year.

        Potential Acceleration of Income.    Accrual method taxpayers that prepare an "applicable financial statement" (as defined in Section 451 of the Code, which includes any GAAP financial statement, Form 10-K annual statement, audited financial statement or a financial statement filed with any federal agency for non-tax purposes) generally would be required to include certain items of income such as OID and possibly de minimis OID in gross income no later than the time such amounts are reflected on such a financial statement. (The applicable of this rule to income of a debt instrument with OID is effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018). In Notice 2018-80, the IRS announced that it intends to issue proposed regulations providing that this new rule will not apply to market discount. This could result in an acceleration of income recognition for income items differing from the above description although the precise application of this rule is unclear at this time.

        Net Investment Income.    A tax of 3.8% is imposed on the "net investment income" of certain individuals, trusts and estates. Among other items, net investment income generally includes gross income from interest and net gain attributable to the disposition of certain property, less certain deductions. U.S. Holders should consult their own tax advisors regarding the possible implications of this legislation in their particular circumstances.

U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences to Non-U.S. Holders

        Interest.    The Debt Securities are intended to be treated as notes issued in registered form for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Payments of interest (including accrual of OID, if any) on a Debt Security held by a Non-U.S. Holder will be subject to a 30% U.S. federal income tax withheld at source, unless:

77


Table of Contents

        In some circumstances, a Non-U.S. Holder may be able to claim amounts that are withheld as a refund or a credit against its U.S. federal income tax liability, provided the required information is timely provided to the IRS.

        Portfolio Interest Exemption for Non-U.S. Holders.    Payments of interest on a Debt Security held by a Non-U.S. Holder that are not effectively connected with a trade or business of the Non-U.S. Holder within the United States (or if an income tax treaty applies, are not attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder) generally will be exempt from U.S. federal income and withholding taxes if the following conditions are satisfied:

        Payments of interest on a Debt Security held by a Non-U.S. Holder that are effectively connected with a trade or business of the Non-U.S. Holder within the United States (and if an income tax treaty applies, are attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder) may be exempt from U.S. federal withholding taxes, provided the Non-U.S. Holder provides a properly completed Form W-8ECI (or successor form) to the Withholding Agent. Although exempt from the 30% U.S. federal withholding tax, such payments may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis at graduated rates as if such Non-U.S. Holder were a U.S. Holder and, in the case of a Non-U.S. Holder that is a corporation, may also be subject to U.S. federal branch profits tax.

        Sale, Exchange and Redemption of Debt Securities.    Generally, Non-U.S. Holders will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on gain realized on the sale, exchange, redemption, retirement or other taxable disposition of a Debt Security (other than amounts attributable to accrued interest the

78


Table of Contents

treatment of which is governed by the rules discussed above under "—Interest" and "—Portfolio Interest Exemption for Non-U.S. Holders") unless:

        If any gain realized on a taxable disposition of a Debt Security is effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business of a Non-U.S. Holder (and if an income tax treaty applies, is attributable to a U.S. permanent establishment maintained by the Non-U.S. Holder), such payments may be subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis at graduated rates as if such Non-U.S. Holder were a U.S. Holder and, in the case of a Non-U.S. Holder that is a corporation, such gain may also be subject to U.S. federal branch profits tax.

Information Reporting and Backup Withholding

        Payments of interest (including accrual of OID, if any) on Debt Securities held by non-exempt U.S. Holders are required to be reported to the IRS and the U.S. Holders. Payments of interest (including accrual of OID, if any) on Debt Securities held by Non-U.S. Holders generally will be reported to the IRS and the Non-U.S. Holders.

        Backup withholding of U.S. federal income tax at the applicable rate may apply to payments made on the Debt Securities and payments of proceeds from the sale of a Debt Security. Backup withholding will apply to such payments to beneficial owners who are not exempt recipients and that fail to provide certain identifying information, such as their respective taxpayer identification numbers in the manner required. Generally, individuals are not exempt recipients, while certain entities and Non-U.S. Holders who certify their status as such are exempt recipients.

        If a Holder (other than an exempt recipient) sells a Debt Security before the stated maturity to (or through) certain brokers, the broker must report the sale to the IRS and the Holder unless, in the case of a Non-U.S. Holder, the Non-U.S. Holder certifies that it is not a U.S. person (and certain other conditions are met). The broker may be required to withhold U.S. federal income tax at the applicable rate on the entire sale price unless such Holder provides certain information and, in the case of a Non-U.S. Holder, the Non-U.S. Holder certifies that it is not a U.S. person (and certain other conditions are met).

        Any amounts withheld under the backup withholding rules from a payment to a Holder would be allowed as a refund or credit against such Holder's U.S. federal income tax liability, provided the required information is timely provided to the IRS.

FATCA Withholding

        Non-U.S. financial institutions and other non-U.S. entities are subject to diligence and reporting requirements for purposes of identifying accounts and investments held directly or indirectly by U.S. persons. The failure to comply with these additional information reporting, certification and other requirements could result in a 30% withholding tax on applicable payments to non-U.S. persons. In particular, a payee that is a foreign financial institution that is subject to the diligence and reporting requirements described above must enter into an agreement with the U.S. Department of the Treasury

79


Table of Contents

requiring, among other things, that it undertake to identify accounts held by "specified United States persons" or "United States-owned foreign entities" (each as defined in the Code), annually report information about such accounts, and withhold 30% on applicable payments to noncompliant foreign financial institutions and account holders. Foreign financial institutions located in jurisdictions that have an intergovernmental agreement with the United States with respect to these requirements may be subject to different rules. The foregoing withholding regime generally applies to payments of interest on our Debt Securities, and is expected to generally apply to other "withholdable payments" (including, subject to the proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations as discussed below, payments of gross proceeds from a sale, repayment, retirement, or other disposition of our Debt Securities). Proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations have been issued that, when finalized, will provide that such "gross proceeds" withholding will not apply. In the preamble to the proposed U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations, the government provided that taxpayers may rely upon the proposed regulations until the issuance of final U.S. Department of Treasury Regulations. In general, to avoid withholding, any non-U.S. intermediary through which a holder owns our Debt Securities must establish its compliance with the foregoing regime, and a Non-U.S. Holder must provide certain documentation (usually an applicable IRS Form W-8) containing information about its identity, its status, and if required, its direct and indirect U.S. owners. Non-U.S. Holders and holders who hold our Debt Securities through a non-U.S. intermediary are urged to consult their own tax advisor regarding foreign account tax compliance.

80


Table of Contents


PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

        Unless otherwise set forth in a prospectus supplement accompanying this prospectus, we may sell the Securities offered pursuant to this prospectus to or through one or more underwriters or dealers or we may sell the Securities to investors directly on our own behalf in those jurisdictions where we are authorized to do so or through agents. Any such underwriter, dealer or agent involved in the offer and sale of the Securities will be named in the applicable prospectus supplement.

        Underwriters may offer and sell the Securities at a fixed price or prices that may be changed, at market prices prevailing at the time of sale, at prices related to such prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. We may also, from time to time, authorize dealers or agents to offer and sell the Securities upon such terms and conditions as may be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. In connection with the sale of any of the Securities, underwriters may receive compensation from us in the form of underwriting discounts or commissions, and may also receive commissions from purchasers of the Securities for whom they may act as agent. Underwriters may sell the Securities to or through dealers, and such dealers may receive compensation in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the underwriters, or commissions from the purchasers for whom they may act as agents.

        Shares of our Common Stock may also be sold in one or more of the following transactions: (i) block transactions (which may involve crosses) in which a broker-dealer may sell all or a portion of such shares as agent, but may position and resell all or a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction; (ii) purchases by any such broker-dealer as principal, and resale by such broker-dealer for its own account pursuant to a prospectus supplement; (iii) a special offering, an exchange distribution or a secondary distribution in accordance with applicable NYSE or other stock exchange, quotation system or over-the-counter market rules; (iv) ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which any such broker-dealer solicits purchasers; (v) sales "at the market" to or through a market maker or into an existing trading market, on an exchange or otherwise, for such shares; and (vi) sales in other ways not involving market makers or established trading markets, including direct sales to purchasers.

        Any underwriting compensation paid by us to underwriters or agents in connection with the offering of the Securities, and any discounts, concessions or commissions allowed by underwriters to participating dealers, will be set forth in the applicable prospectus supplement. Dealers and agents participating in the distribution of the Securities may be deemed to be underwriters, and any discounts and/or commissions received by them and any profit realized by them on resale of the Securities, may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions.

        Underwriters, dealers and agents may be entitled to indemnification against and contribution toward certain civil liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act under certain contractual agreements with us. Unless otherwise set forth in an accompanying prospectus supplement, the obligations of any underwriters to purchase any of the Securities will be subject to certain conditions precedent and the underwriters will be obligated to purchase all of such Securities (if any such Securities are purchased).

        Underwriters, dealers and agents may engage in transactions with, or perform services for, us and our affiliates in the ordinary course of business.

        If indicated in the prospectus supplement, we may authorize underwriters or other agents to solicit offers by institutions to purchase Securities from us pursuant to contracts providing for payment and delivery on a future date. Institutions with which we may make these delayed delivery contracts include commercial and savings banks, insurance companies, pension funds, investment companies, educational and charitable institutions and others. The obligations of any such purchaser will be subject to the

81


Table of Contents

condition that the purchase of the Securities shall not at the time of delivery be prohibited under the laws of the jurisdiction to which the purchaser is subject.

        The underwriters and other agents will not have any responsibility with regard to the validity or performance of these delayed delivery contracts.

        In connection with the offering of the Securities hereby, certain underwriters and selling group members, as well as their respective affiliates, may engage in transactions that stabilize, maintain or otherwise affect the market price of the applicable Securities. Such transactions may include stabilization transactions effected in accordance with Rule 104 of Regulation M promulgated by the SEC, pursuant to which such persons may bid for or purchase Securities for the purpose of stabilizing their market price. The underwriters in an offering of Securities may also create a "short position" for their account by selling more Securities in connection with the offering than they are committed to purchase from us. In such case, the underwriters could cover all or a portion of such short position by either (i) purchasing Securities in the open market following completion of the offering of such Securities or (ii) exercising any over-allotment option granted to them by us. In addition, the managing underwriter may impose "penalty bids" under contractual arrangements with other underwriters, which means that they can reclaim from an underwriter (or any selling group member participating in the offering), for the account of the other underwriters, the selling concession with respect to Securities that are distributed in the offering but subsequently purchased for the account of the underwriters in the open market. Any of the transactions described in this paragraph (or comparable transactions that are described in any accompanying prospectus supplement) may result in the maintenance of the price of the Securities at a level above that which might otherwise prevail in the open market. None of such transactions described in this paragraph or in an accompanying prospectus supplement are required to be taken by any underwriters and, if they are undertaken, may be discontinued at any time.

        Shares of our Common Stock are listed on the NYSE under the symbol "WPC." Any Debt Securities, series of Preferred Stock or Warrants we offer will be new issues of Securities with no established trading market and may or may not be listed on a national securities exchange, quotation system or over-the-counter market. Any underwriters or agents to or through which Securities are sold by us may make a market in such securities, but such underwriters or agents will not be obligated to do so and may discontinue any market-making at any time without notice. No assurance can be given as to the liquidity of or trading market for any Securities sold by us.

        Selling securityholders may use this prospectus in connection with resales of the Securities. The applicable prospectus supplement will identify the selling securityholders and the terms of the Securities. Selling securityholders may be deemed to be underwriters in connection with the Securities they resell and any profits on the sales may be deemed to be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. The selling securityholders will receive all the proceeds from the sale of the securities. We will not receive any proceeds from sales by selling securityholders.

82


Table of Contents


EXPERTS

        The financial statements and management's assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting (which is included in Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting) incorporated in this Prospectus by reference to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of W.P. Carey Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the audited historical financial statements of Corporate Property Associates 17—Global Incorporated included on Exhibit 99.1 of W.P. Carey Inc.'s Current Report on Form 8-K/A dated November 19, 2018 have been so incorporated in reliance on the reports of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.

83


Table of Contents


SELLING SECURITYHOLDERS

        Information about selling securityholders, where applicable, will be set forth in a prospectus supplement, in a post-effective amendment, or in filings we make with the SEC. We do not expect to receive any of the proceeds from the sale of Securities to which this prospectus relates that are offered by any selling securityholders.

84


Table of Contents


LEGAL MATTERS

        The legality of the Securities offered hereby is being passed upon for W. P. Carey and WPC Eurobond B.V. by DLA Piper LLP (US) and DLA Piper Nederland N.V. In addition, the descriptions of U.S. federal income tax consequences contained in the sections entitled "Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant To Holders Of Our Common Stock" and "Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Consideration To Holders Of Our debt Securities" are based on the opinion of DLA Piper LLP (US), which opinion is subject to various assumptions and is based on current tax law of the United States. Certain legal matters may be passed upon for any of the underwriters or agents by counsel named in the applicable prospectus supplement.

85


Table of Contents


PART II.

INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS

Item 14.    Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution.

        The following table sets forth an estimate of costs and expenses, other than underwriting discounts or commissions, to be paid by us in connection with the registration of the securities being registered by this registration statement. All of the amounts shown are estimates. All other costs and expenses will be calculated based on the securities offered and accordingly cannot be estimated at this time.

Securities and Exchange Commission registration fee

  $            *

Printing expenses

               **

Trustee fees and expenses

               **

Legal fees and expenses

               **

Accounting fees and expenses

               **

Rating agency fees

               **

Miscellaneous

               **

Total

  $            **

*
Pursuant to Rules 456(b) and 457(r) under the Securities Act, the registration fee will be paid at the time of any particular offering of Securities under this registration statement.

**
An estimate of the aggregate amount of these expenses will be reflected in the applicable prospectus supplement.

Item 15.    Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

W. P. Carey Inc.

        Maryland law permits a Maryland corporation to include in its charter a provision limiting the liability of its directors and officers to the corporation and its stockholders for money damages, except for liability resulting from:

        Our Charter contains a provision that eliminates directors' and officers' liability for money damages to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law. These limitations of liability do not apply to liabilities arising under the federal securities laws and do not generally affect the availability of equitable remedies such as injunctive relief or rescission. Our Charter and Bylaws also provide that we must indemnify (to the maximum extent permitted by Maryland law), and pay or reimburse reasonable expenses in advance of final disposition of a proceeding to, any individual who is a present or former director or officer of W. P. Carey Inc. or a predecessor of W. P. Carey Inc. from and against any claim or liability to which such person may become subject or which such person may incur by reason of his or her service in such capacity as a director or officer. Additionally, our Charter provides that we may, indemnify, if and to the extent authorized and determined to be appropriate in accordance with applicable law, any person permitted, but not required, to be indemnified under Maryland law by W. P. Carey Inc. or a predecessor of W. P. Carey Inc.

        Maryland law requires a corporation to indemnify a director or officer who has been successful in the defense of any proceeding to which he or she is made, or threatened to be made, a party by reason

II-1


Table of Contents

of his or her service in that capacity (unless its charter provides otherwise, which our Charter does not). Maryland law also permits a corporation to indemnify its present and former directors and officers, among others, against judgments, penalties, fines, settlements and reasonable expenses actually incurred by them in connection with any proceeding to which they may be made, or threatened to be made, a party by reason of their service in those or other capacities unless it is established that:

        However, under Maryland law, a Maryland corporation may not indemnify for an adverse judgment in a suit by or in the right of the corporation or for a judgment of liability on the basis that personal benefit was improperly received, unless, in either case, a court orders indemnification (and then only for expenses). In addition, Maryland law permits a corporation to advance reasonable expenses to a director or officer upon the corporation's receipt of:

        We have also adopted a director and indemnification policy, which provides directors and officers with express rights to indemnification (regardless of, among other things, any amendment to, or revocation of, such policy or amendment to our Charter or Bylaws, any change in the composition of our board of directors, or any acquisition or business combination transaction relating to us. The policy provides for the advancement of all reasonable costs, charges and expenses (including attorney's fees) to directors and officers (and other persons deemed appropriate by the board of directors), as set forth therein, and, to the extent we maintain insurance, for the continued coverage of directors and officers under our directors' and officers' liability insurance policies. Under the policy, we are required to indemnify and hold harmless (i) each person who is or was a director or officer of W. P. Carey (or a predecessor of W. P. Carey); (ii) each person who, at the request of W. P. Carey, is or was serving as, a director, officer, manager, trustee, administrator, partner, member, fiduciary, employee, advisory board member or agent of any other corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other entity; or (iii) any other persons deemed appropriate by its Board (such persons being "Covered Persons" and each, a "Covered Person"); against all reasonable costs, charges and expenses (including attorney's fees incurred by a Covered Person in connection therewith), judgments, penalties, fine, and settlements (if such settlement is approved in advance by W. P. Carey, which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld) actually and reasonably incurred by the Covered Person in connection with the defense and/or settlement of any threatened, pending or completed suit, action, claim, proceeding, arbitration or alternative dispute resolution mechanism, investigation or administrative hearing, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, to which the Covered Person is or was a party or is threatened to be made a party due to any act or omission taken or omitted or alleged to have been taken or omitted by the Covered Person during, in connection with or arising out of such Covered Person's service in such capacity as a director or officer. As used in the policy the term "serving at the request" of W. P. Carey includes any service provided at the request of W. P. Carey (or a predecessor of W. P. Carey) as a director, officer, manager, trustee, administrator,

II-2


Table of Contents

partner, member, fiduciary, employee or agent of W. P. Carey (or a predecessor of W. P. Carey) that imposes duties on, or involves services by, such director, officer, manager, trustee, administrator, partner, member, fiduciary, employee or agent with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants or beneficiaries. In addition, to the extent that a Covered Person is, by reason of his or her service at the request of W. P. Carey, a witness in or otherwise incurs costs, charges or expenses in connection with any proceeding to which the Covered Person is not a party, he or she shall be indemnified and held harmless by W. P. Carey against all reasonable costs, charges and expenses (including attorney's fees) actually and reasonably incurred by him or her or on his or her behalf in connection therewith.

        Notwithstanding any provision of the director and indemnification policy, W. P. Carey is not obligated to indemnify any claim made against a Covered Person (i) in connection with any threatened, pending or completed suit, action, claim, proceeding, arbitration or alternative dispute resolution mechanism, investigation or administrative hearing, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (or any part of any such proceeding), initiated by or on behalf of such Covered Person, including a proceeding (or any part of any proceeding) initiated by or on behalf such Covered Person against W. P. Carey (other than any proceeding commenced to enforce a Covered Person's right to indemnification or to recover any expenses in which the Covered Person is successful under Maryland law, our Charter, our Bylaws or our director and indemnification policy) or against any of our directors, officers, employees or other Covered Persons, unless (A) our board of directors authorized the proceeding (or any part of any proceeding) or (B) we otherwise provided specific indemnification in connection with such claim; (ii) on account of such Covered Person's conduct with respect to which it shall be determined by final judgment by a court having jurisdiction in the matter that the Covered Person (A) did not act in good faith and in a manner the Covered Person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to our best interests and those of our stockholders, (B) received an improper personal benefit in money, property or services, or (C) with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe the conduct was unlawful; (iii) in connection with any pending or completed action, suit, arbitration, investigation, inquiry, administrative hearing or any other actual or threatened proceeding (or any part of any such proceeding) by or in our right if the Covered Person shall have been determined by final judgment by a court having jurisdiction in the matter to be liable to us and our stockholders; (iv) if and to the extent such Covered Person has otherwise actually received payment of the amounts otherwise indemnifiable hereunder under any insurance policy, agreement, vote or otherwise, or (v) if it shall be determined by final judgment by a court having jurisdiction in the matter that such indemnification is not lawful.

        Insofar as the foregoing provisions permit indemnification of directors, executive officers or persons controlling us for liability arising under the Securities Act, we have been informed that, in the opinion of the SEC, this indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

WPC Eurobond B.V.

        Under Dutch law, members of the management board may be liable to the company and to third parties for damages in the event of improper or negligent performance of their duties. In certain circumstances they may be liable for damages to the company and to third parties for infringement of the deed of incorporation or of certain provisions of the Dutch Civil Code. Also, in certain circumstances, they may incur additional specific civil and criminal liabilities.

        W. P. Carey maintains standard policies of insurance under which coverage is provided (a) to directors and officers of its subsidiaries against loss arising from claims made by reason of breach of duty or other wrongful act, and (b) to W. P. Carey with respect to payments which may be made by W. P. Carey to such directors and officers pursuant to the above indemnification provision or otherwise as a matter of law.

II-3


Table of Contents

Item 16.    Exhibits.

Exhibit No.   Description   Method of Filing
  1.1   Underwriting Agreement   **

 

3.1

 

Articles of Amendment and Restatement

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Current Report on Form 8-K filed June 16, 2017

 

3.2

 

Fifth Amended and Restated Bylaws

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Report on Form 8-K filed June 16, 2017

 

3.3

 

Deed of Incorporation of WPC Eurobond B.V.

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to Registration Statement on Form S-3 (333-214510) filed on November 8, 2016

 

4.1

 

Form of Common Stock Certificate

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 filed February 26, 2013

 

4.2

 

Form of Indenture between W. P. Carey Inc. and U.S. Bank National Association

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Registration Statement on Form S-3 (333-194389) filed on March 7, 2014

 

4.3

 

Indenture among WPC Eurobond B.V., W. P. Carey Inc. and U.S Bank National Association (including the guarantee)

 

Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to Registration Statement on Form S-3 (333-214510) filed on November 8, 2016

 

4.4

 

Form of W. P Carey Inc. Debt Security

 

**

 

4.5

 

Form of WPC Eurobond B.V. Debt Security

 

**

 

4.6

 

Form of Deposit Agreement (including Form of Depositary Receipt)

 

**

 

4.7

 

Form of Articles of Amendment establishing the terms of a series of Preferred Stock

 

**

 

4.8

 

Form of Preferred Stock Certificate

 

**

 

4.9

 

Form of Warrant Agreement (Including Form of Warrant Certificate)

 

**

 

4.10

 

Form of Unit Agreement

 

**

 

4.11

 

Form of Purchase Contract

 

**

 

5.1

 

Opinion of DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

Filed herewith

 

5.2

 

Opinion of DLA Piper Nederland N.V.

 

Filed herewith

 

8.1

 

Opinion of DLA Piper LLP (US) regarding tax matters

 

Filed herewith

 

23.1

 

Consent of DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

Filed as part of Exhibit 5.1 and Exhibit 8.1 and incorporated by reference herein

 

23.2

 

Consent of DLA Piper Nederland N.V.

 

Filed as part of Exhibit 5.2 and incorporated by reference herein

II-4


Table of Contents

Exhibit No.   Description   Method of Filing
  23.3   Consent of PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP   Filed herewith

 

24.1

 

Powers of Attorney

 

Contained in the signature page hereto

 

25.1

 

Statement of Eligibility of Trustee on Form T-1

 

Filed herewith

 

99.1

 

W. P. Carey Unaudited Pro Forma Consolidated Financial Information

 

Filed herewith

**
To be filed by amendment or as an exhibit to a Current Report on Form 8-K or other document incorporated by reference herein in connection with an offering of the applicable Securities.

Item 17.    Undertakings.

II-5


Table of Contents

II-6


Table of Contents

II-7


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirement for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the city of New York, state of New York on August 9, 2019.

Date: August 9, 2019

  W. P. Carey Inc.

 

By:

 

/s/ JASON E. FOX


Jason E. Fox, Chief Executive Officer

II-8


Table of Contents


W. P. CAREY INC.
POWER OF ATTORNEY

        KNOW ALL MEN/WOMEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below hereby constitutes and appoints Jason E. Fox, ToniAnn Sanzone and Susan C. Hyde and each of them, his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Registration Statement, and any additional related registration statement filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (including post-effective amendments to the registration statement and any such related registration statements), and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and any other documents in connection therewith, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this Registration Statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities indicated and on the date indicated.

Signature
 
Title
 
Date

 

 

 

 

 
/s/ JASON E. FOX

Jason E. Fox
  Director and Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
  August 9, 2019

/s/ TONIANN SANZONE

ToniAnn Sanzone

 

Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ ARJUN MAHALINGAM

Arjun Mahalingam

 

Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ CHRISTOPHER J. NIEHAUS

Christopher J. Niehaus

 

Director and Non-Executive
Chairman of the Board

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ MARK A. ALEXANDER

Mark A. Alexander

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ PETER J. FARRELL

Peter J. Farrell

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ ROBERT J. FLANAGAN

Robert J. Flanagan

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

II-9


Table of Contents

Signature
 
Title
 
Date

 

 

 

 

 
/s/ BENJAMIN H. GRISWOLD, IV

Benjamin H. Griswold, IV
  Director   August 9, 2019

/s/ AXEL K.A. HANSING

Axel K.A. Hansing

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ JEAN HOYSRADT

Jean Hoysradt

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ MARGARET G. LEWIS

Margaret G. Lewis

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ NICK J.M. VAN OMMEN

Nick J.M. van Ommen

 

Director

 

August 9, 2019

II-10


Table of Contents


SIGNATURES

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirement for filing on Form S-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the city of New York, state of New York on August 9, 2019.

Date: August 9, 2019

  WPC Eurobond B.V.

 

By:

 

/s/ TONIANN SANZONE


      Name:   ToniAnn Sanzone

      Title:   Attorney-in-fact

II-11


Table of Contents


WPC Eurobond B.V.
POWER OF ATTORNEY

        KNOW ALL MEN/WOMEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that WPC Eurobond B.V. hereby constitutes and appoints Jason E. Fox, ToniAnn Sanzone and Susan C. Hyde and each of them, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, to sign any and all amendments to this Registration Statement, and any additional related registration statement filed pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (including post-effective amendments to the registration statement and any such related registration statements), and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and any other documents in connection therewith, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

        Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this Registration Statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities indicated and on the date indicated.

Signature
 
Title
 
Date

 

 

 

 

 
/s/ RAMSES VAN TOOR

Ramses van Toor
  Managing Director A   August 9, 2019

/s/ SASKIA FREDERIKA KARLIJN WINKES

Saskia Frederika Karlijn Winkes

 

Managing Director A

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ MARTIN VESTERGAARD

Martin Vestergaard

 

Managing Director A

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ GREGORY MARK BUTCHART

Gregory Mark Butchart

 

Managing Director B

 

August 9, 2019

/s/ TONIANN SANZONE

ToniAnn Sanzone

 

Managing Director B

 

August 9, 2019

II-12



(Back To Top)

Section 2: EX-5.1 (EX-5.1)


Exhibit 5.1

 

GRAPHIC

 

DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

1251 Avenue of the Americas

 

New York, New York 10020

 

www.dlapiper.com

 

 

 

T       212.335.4500

 

 

F        212.335.4501

 

 

W   www.dlapiper.com

 

August 9, 2019

 

W. P. Carey Inc.

WPC Eurobond B.V.

50 Rockefeller Plaza

New York, New York 10020

 

Re:                             Registration Statement on Form S-3

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

We have acted as counsel to W. P. Carey Inc., a Maryland corporation (the “Company”) and WPC Eurobond B.V. (“WPC Finance”; together with the Company, the “Registrants”), and have been requested to render this opinion in connection with the Registration Statement on Form S-3 of the Registrants (the “Registration Statement”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on August 9, 2019, including the preliminary prospectus included therein at the time the Registration Statement becomes effective (the “Prospectus”), under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), for registration by the Registrants of an unlimited amount of Securities (as defined below).

 

As used herein, the term “Securities” means: (A) (i) shares of the Company’s common stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), (ii) one or more series of the Company’s preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Preferred Stock”), (iii) debt securities (the “Company Debt Securities”) issued in one or more series under an indenture dated as of March 7, 2014 (the “Company Indenture”), by and between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, (iv) depositary shares, which may represent a fractional interest in a share of a particular class or series of Preferred Stock (the “Depositary Shares”), (v) stock purchase contracts and stock purchase units to purchase a particular combination of Company Securities (as defined herein) as designated by the Company at the time of the offering (collectively, the “Purchase Agreements”), (vi) warrants to purchase shares of Common Stock or Preferred Stock as designated by the Company at the time of the offering (collectively, the “Warrants”), and (viii) guarantees of WPC Finance Debt Securities (as defined herein) (“Guarantees”; collectively with the Common Stock, Preferred Stock, Company Debt Securities, Depositary Shares, Purchase Agreements and Warrants, the “Company Securities”) and (B) debt securities (the “WPC Finance Debt Securities”) issued in one or more series under an indenture dated as of November 8, 2016 (the “WPC Finance Indenture”), by and between WPC Finance, the Company, as guarantor, and U.S. Bank National Association.  The Registration Statement provides that the Securities may be offered separately or together, in separate series, in amounts, at prices and on terms to be set forth in one or more supplements to the Prospectus (each, a “Prospectus Supplement”) or any related free writing prospectus (each, a “Free Writing Prospectus”).

 

In rendering the opinions expressed herein, we have reviewed originals or copies, certified or otherwise identified to our satisfaction, of the following documents (collectively, the “Documents”):

 

(a) The Registration Statement;

 


 

(b) The charter of the Company, as in effect on the date hereof, represented by the Articles of Amendment and Restatement filed of record with the Maryland State Department of Assessments and Taxation (the “SDAT”) on June 15, 2017 (in the form attached to the Officer’s Certificate (as defined below)) (the “Charter”);

 

(c) The Fifth Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, dated as of June 15, 2017 and as in effect on the date hereof (in the form attached to the Officer’s Certificate) (the “Bylaws”);

 

(d) The Company Indenture;

 

(e) The WPC Finance Indenture;

 

(f) Resolutions adopted by the Company’s Board of Directors relating to, among other things, the authorization of the filing of the Registration Statement and to the issuance of the Securities, adopted by the Board of Directors at a meeting on June 13, 2019 (in the form attached to the Certificate (as defined below));

 

(g) A good standing certificate for the Company, dated as of a recent date, issued by the Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation;

 

(h) A certificate of an officer of the Company, dated as of the date hereof, as to certain factual matters (the “Officer’s Certificate”);

 

(i) A certificate of the Chief Legal Officer of the Company, dated as of the date hereof, as to the resolutions adopted by the Company’s Board of Directors (the “Certificate”); and

 

(j) Such other documents as we have considered necessary to the rendering of the opinion expressed below.

 

In examining the Documents, and in rendering the opinion set forth below, we have assumed, without independent investigation, the following: (a) each of the parties to the Documents (other than the Company and WPC Finance) has duly and validly authorized, executed and delivered each of the Documents to which such party (other than the Company and WPC Finance) is a signatory and each instrument, agreement and other document executed in connection with the Documents to which such party (other than the Company and WPC Finance) is a signatory and each such party’s (other than the Company’s or WPC Finance’s, as applicable) obligations set forth in such Documents and each other instrument, agreement and other document executed in connection with such Documents, are its legal, valid and binding obligations, enforceable in accordance with their respective terms; (b) each person executing any Document and any other instrument, agreement and other document executed in connection with the Documents on behalf of any such party (other than the Company or WPC Finance) is duly authorized to do so; (c) each natural person executing any Document and any other instrument,

 

2


 

agreement and other document executed in connection with the Documents is legally competent to do so; (d) there are no oral or written modifications of or amendments or supplements to the Documents (other than such modifications or amendments or supplements identified above and attached to the Officer’s Certificate or the Certificate, as applicable) and there has been no waiver of any of the provisions of the Documents by actions or conduct of the parties or otherwise; and (e) all Documents submitted to us as originals, and the conformity with originals of all documents submitted to us as certified, photostatic or telecopies or portable document file (“.PDF”) copies (and the authenticity of the originals of such copies), the absence of other agreements or understandings among the parties that would modify the terms of the proposed transactions or the respective rights or obligations of the parties thereunder and the accuracy and completeness of all public records reviewed are accurate and complete. As to all factual matters relevant to the opinion set forth below, we have relied upon the representations and warranties made in the Officer’s Certificate and the Certificate as to the factual matters set forth therein, which we assume to be accurate and complete, and on the written statements and representations of officers of the Company and of public officials.

 

We further assume that:

 

(a) The issuance, sale, amount and terms of the Company Securities to be offered from time to time by the Company will be authorized and determined by proper action of the Board of Directors (or where permitted, a committee of the Board of Directors) of the Company (each, a “Company Board Action”) in accordance with the Charter, Bylaws and applicable law, in each case, so as not to result in a default under or breach of any instrument, document or agreement binding upon the Company and so as to comply with any requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental or regulatory body having jurisdiction over the Company.

 

(b) The Company will not issue any Company Securities in excess of the number or amount authorized by the applicable Company Board Action.

 

(c) The issuance, sale, amount and terms of the WPC Finance Debt Securities to be offered from time to time by WPC Finance will be authorized and determined by proper action of the Managing Board (or where permitted, a committee of the Managing Board) of WPC Finance (each, a “WPC Finance Board Action”) in accordance with the deed of incorporation and articles of association of WPC Finance and applicable law, in each case, so as not to result in a default under or breach of any instrument, document or agreement binding upon WPC Finance and so as to comply with any requirement or restriction imposed by any court or governmental or regulatory body having jurisdiction over the WPC Finance.

 

(d) WPC Finance will not issue any WPC Finance Debt Securities in excess of the number or amount authorized by the applicable WPC Finance Board Action.

 

(e) Prior to the issuance of any shares of Preferred Stock (including Preferred Stock that is issuable upon the exercise or conversion, as applicable, of Warrants), or shares of Common Stock

 

3


 

(including Common Stock that is issuable upon the exercise or conversion, as applicable, of Warrants or convertible Preferred Stock), there will exist, under the Charter, the requisite number of authorized but unissued shares of Preferred Stock (and securities of any class or series into which any of the Preferred Stock may be convertible), or Common Stock, as the case may be, that all actions necessary to the creation of any such Preferred Stock (and securities of any class or series into which any Preferred Stock may be convertible), whether by articles of amendment or by the classification or reclassification of existing capital stock and the filing of articles supplementary, will have been taken, and that securities of any class or series into which any Preferred Stock may be convertible will be duly reserved for issuance by a Company Board Action.

 

(f) For Common Stock or Preferred Stock represented by certificates (“Certificates”), appropriate Certificates representing Common Stock or Preferred Stock will be executed and delivered upon issuance and sale of any such Common Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, and will comply with the Charter and Bylaws and applicable law. For Common Stock or Preferred Stock not represented by certificates, the applicable Company Board Action shall have been taken and, upon request of a stockholder of the Company, appropriate written statements (“Written Statements”) will be prepared and delivered to such stockholder upon issuance and sale of any such Common Stock or Preferred Stock, as the case may be, and will comply with the Charter and Bylaws and applicable law.

 

(g) Any Company Debt Securities will be issued under the Company Indenture as it may be supplemented by a valid and legally binding supplemental indenture (each a “Company Supplemental Indenture”) in each case duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company (and each of the other parties thereto), and, if required by the Company Indenture, accompanied by an officer’s certificate, that conforms to the description thereof set forth in the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus.

 

(h) Any WPC Finance Debt Securities will be issued under the WPC Finance Indenture as it may be supplemented by a valid and legally binding supplemental indenture (each a “WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture”) in each case duly authorized, executed and delivered by WPC Finance (and each of the other parties thereto), and, if required by the WPC Finance Indenture, accompanied by an officer’s certificate, that conforms to the description thereof set forth in the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus.

 

(i) To the extent that the obligations of (x) the Company under the Company Indenture or any Company Supplemental Indenture or (y) WPC Finance or the Company under the WPC Finance Indenture or any WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture may be dependent upon such matters, the financial institution to be identified in the Company Indenture, WPC Finance Indenture, Company Supplemental Indenture or WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture, as applicable, as trustee or in any other specified capacity (the “Financial Institution”) will be duly organized, validly existing, and in good standing under the laws of its jurisdiction of organization; the Financial Institution will be duly qualified to engage in the activities contemplated by such agreement; such agreement will have been duly

 

4


 

authorized, executed, and delivered by the Financial Institution and will constitute the legally valid and binding obligation of the Financial Institution enforceable against the Financial Institution in accordance with its terms; the Financial Institution will be in compliance, generally, with respect to acting under such agreement, with applicable laws and regulations; and the Financial Institution will have the requisite organizational and legal power and authority to perform its obligations under such agreement.

 

(j) Appropriate debentures, notes, bonds and/or other evidences of indebtedness evidencing the Company Debt Securities will be executed and authenticated in accordance with the Company Indenture, as it may be supplemented by a Company Supplemental Indenture, and, if required by the Company Indenture, accompanied by an officer’s certificate, will be delivered upon the issuance and sale of the Company Debt Securities and will comply with the Company Indenture, any Company Supplemental Indenture and any accompanying officer’s certificate, the Charter and Bylaws and applicable law.

 

(k) Appropriate debentures, notes, bonds, guarantees and/or other evidences of indebtedness evidencing the WPC Finance Debt Securities will be executed and authenticated in accordance with the WPC Finance Indenture, as it may be supplemented by a WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture, and, if required by the WPC Finance Indenture, accompanied by an officer’s certificate, will be delivered upon the issuance and sale of the WPC Finance Debt Securities and will comply with the WPC Finance Indenture, any WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture and any accompanying officer’s certificate, the deed of incorporation and articles of association of WPC Finance, the Charter and Bylaws and applicable law.

 

(l) Prior to the issuance of any stock purchase units or stock purchase contracts pursuant to a Purchase Agreement, there will exist, under the Charter, the requisite number of authorized but unissued Preferred Stock (and securities of any class into which any of the Preferred Stock may be convertible), or Common Stock, as the case may be, and that all actions necessary to the creation of any such Purchase Agreements, whether by classification or reclassification of existing capital stock or share designation, will have been taken.

 

(m) Any Purchase Agreements will be duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company and a third party in accordance with the provisions of the Purchase Agreements, and the Company Securities issued in connection with the Purchase Agreements will be duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company in accordance with the provisions of the Purchase Agreements.

 

(n) Any Warrants will be issued under a valid and legally binding warrant agreement (a “Warrant Agreement”) that conforms to the description thereof set forth in the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus and will comply with the Charter and Bylaws and applicable law, securities of any class or series issuable upon exercise of such Warrants will be duly reserved for issuance by a Company Board Action and the exercise of such Warrants consists of legal consideration at or in excess of the par value of such securities of any class or series issuable upon exercise thereof.

 

5


 

(o) To the extent that the obligations of the Company under any Warrant Agreement may be dependent upon such matters, the financial institution to be identified in such Warrant Agreement as warrant agent (the “Warrant Agent”) will be duly organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its jurisdiction of organization; the Warrant Agent will be duly qualified to engage in the activities contemplated by such Warrant Agreement; such Warrant Agreement will have been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Warrant Agent and will constitute the legally valid and binding obligation of the Warrant Agent enforceable against the Warrant Agent in accordance with its terms; the Warrant Agent will be in compliance, generally, with respect to acting as Warrant Agent under such Warrant Agreement, with applicable laws and regulations; and the Warrant Agent will have the requisite organizational and legal power and authority to perform its obligations under such Warrant Agreement.

 

(p)  Consideration that is fair and sufficient to support the obligations of the Company under the Guarantees has been and would be deemed by a court of competent jurisdiction to have been duly received by the Company.

 

(q) The underwriting or other agreements for offerings of the Securities (each, an “Underwriting Agreement,” and collectively, the “Underwriting Agreements”) will be valid and legally binding contracts that conform to the description thereof set forth in the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus.

 

(r) Prior to the issuance of any Securities, the Registration Statement will have become effective and will remain effective under the Securities Act.

 

Based upon the foregoing, and subject to the assumptions, limitations and qualifications stated herein, it is our opinion that:

 

(1) Upon an issuance of Certificates or Written Statements, if any, as the case may be, representing shares of Common Stock, against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable Company Board Action, the terms of the Charter, Bylaws and applicable law, the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, or upon issuance and delivery of Certificates or Written Statements, if any, for shares of Common Stock pursuant to the exercise of one or more Warrants or the conversion of one or more series of the Company Debt Securities or Preferred Stock convertible into Common Stock, such shares of Common Stock will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.

 

(2) Upon an issuance of Certificates or Written Statements, if any, as the case may be, representing shares of Preferred Stock, against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable Company Board Action, the terms of the Charter, Bylaws and applicable law, the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, or upon issuance and delivery of

 

6


 

Certificates or Written Statements, if any, for shares of Preferred Stock pursuant to the exercise of one or more Warrants or the conversion of one or more series of the Company Debt Securities, such shares of Preferred Stock will be duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.

 

(3) Upon issuance and delivery of certificates for such Company Debt Securities against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable Company Board Action, the Company Debt Securities and the Company Indenture and any applicable Company Supplemental Indenture (together with an officer’s certificate, if any), the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, or upon issuance and delivery of certificates for such Company Debt Securities pursuant to the conversion or exercise of one or more series of Securities convertible into or exercisable for Company Debt Securities, the Company Debt Securities represented by such certificates will be duly authorized and, when duly authenticated in accordance with the terms of the Company Indenture and any applicable Company Supplemental Indenture, will be valid and legally binding obligations of the Company.

 

(4) Upon issuance and delivery of certificates for such WPC Finance Debt Securities against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable WPC Finance Board Action, the WPC Finance Debt Securities and the WPC Finance Indenture and any applicable WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture (together with an officer’s certificate, if any), the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, the WPC Finance Debt Securities represented by such certificates will be duly authorized and, when duly authenticated in accordance with the terms of the WPC Finance Indenture and any applicable WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture, will be valid and legally binding obligations of WPC Finance.

 

(5) Upon execution, issuance, and delivery of any Purchase Agreements against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable Company Board Action, the Charter, Bylaws and applicable law, the applicable Purchase Agreement, the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement, and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, such stock purchase units or stock purchase contracts, as applicable, will be duly authorized and constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Company.

 

(6) Upon execution, issuance, and delivery of the Warrants against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the applicable Company Board Action, the Charter, Bylaws and applicable law, the Warrant Agreement, the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, the Warrants will be duly authorized and constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Company.

 

7


 

(7) Upon issuance of the WPC Finance Debt Securities against payment therefor in accordance with the terms and provisions of the WPC Finance Indenture and any applicable WPC Finance Supplemental Indenture (together with an officer’s certificate, if any), the Registration Statement, the Prospectus, the applicable Prospectus Supplement and any related Free Writing Prospectus, and, if applicable, an Underwriting Agreement, the Guarantees of such WPC Finance Debt Securities will constitute valid and legally binding obligations of the Company.

 

In addition to the qualifications set forth above, the foregoing opinion is further qualified as follows:

 

(a) The foregoing opinion is rendered as of the date hereof. We assume no obligation to update such opinion to reflect any facts or circumstances that may hereafter come to our attention or changes in the law which may hereafter occur.

 

(b) We have made no investigation of, and we express no opinion as to the laws of any jurisdiction other than the laws of the State of Maryland and the laws of the State of New York. This opinion concerns only the effect of the laws (exclusive of the principles of conflict of laws) of the State of Maryland and the State of New York, each as currently in effect. We have made no inquiry into, and we express no opinion as to, the statutes, regulations, treaties, common law or other law of any nation, state, or jurisdiction. In particular, we express no opinion as to the laws of the Netherlands, and have relied upon an opinion of DLA Piper Nederland N.V. as to such matters.

 

(c) We express no opinion as to compliance with the securities (or “blue sky”) laws of any jurisdiction.

 

(d) We have assumed that the Company Securities will not be issued or transferred in violation of the restrictions on transfer and ownership contained in Article VI of the Charter.

 

(e) The opinion stated herein relating to the validity, binding nature and enforceability of obligations of the Company and WPC Finance is subject to (a) the effect of any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency (including, without limitation, all laws relating to fraudulent transfers), reorganization, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally, (b) the effect of general principles of equity (regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law), and (c) public policy considerations, statutes or court decisions that may limit the rights of a party to obtain indemnification or contribution.

 

(f) This opinion is limited to the matters set forth herein, and no other opinion should be inferred beyond the matters expressly stated.

 

We consent to the filing of this opinion with the Commission as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement and to the reference to our firm under the heading “Legal Matters” in the Registration Statement. In giving our consent, we do not thereby admit that we are within the category of persons whose consent is

 

8


 

required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder.

 

 

Very truly yours,

 

 

 

DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

 

 

/s/ DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

9



(Back To Top)

Section 3: EX-5.2 (EX-5.2)


Exhibit 5.2

 

GRAPHIC

 

 

Your Ref:

Strictly Personal & Confidential

 

 

Our Ref:

Attn:

MBQ/MBQ/415114/2

WPC Eurobond B.V.

NLM/11006708.4

50 Rockefeller Plaza

 

New York, New York 10020

 

 

9 August 2019

By Email Only

 

 

RE:

LEGAL OPINION - WPC EUROBOND B.V. - U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION (“SEC”) FILING

 

Dear Madam/Sirs

 

1.                                      INTRODUCTION

 

1.1                               We act as legal adviser (advocaat) and (notaris) under Netherlands Law (as defined below) to the Company (as defined below) in connection with the Agreement (as defined below) and filing of the Form S-3 Registration Statement (as defined below) with the SEC relating to the registration of, inter alia, debt securities to be issued in one or more series pursuant to the Indenture (as defined below) (the “Registration”). This opinion refers to our opinion issued in favour of WPC Eurobond B.V., dated 8 November 2016 with reference number NLM/721294.3  (the “Legal Opinion 2016”).

 

1.2                               Capitalised terms used in this legal opinion have the meanings ascribed to such terms in the Annex or this legal opinion.

 

2.                                      APPLICABLE LAW

 

2.1                               This legal opinion is limited to Netherlands Law in effect as at the date of this opinion and is, together with all terms used in it, to be construed in accordance with Netherlands Law. We do not express any opinions (factual or legal) on any matters not expressly set out in this legal opinion.

 

2.2                               This legal opinion may only be relied upon under the express condition that any issue of interpretation or liability arising hereunder will be governed by Netherlands law.

 

3.                                      DOCUMENTS AND CONFIRMATIONS FORMING THE BASIS OF THE LEGAL OPINION

 

3.1                               We have examined prints of electronic copies of the following Documents for purposes of the issue of this legal opinion:

 

3.1.1                                             Form S-3 Registration Statement;

 

3.1.2                                             The Agreement;

 


 

3.1.3                                             The Company’s deed of incorporation, dated on the date specified in the Excerpts;

 

3.1.4                                             The Excerpts;

 

3.1.5                                             The Resolutions; and

 

3.1.6                                             The Power of Attorney as included in the Resolution of the managing board of the Company.

 

3.2                               In addition, we have received the Confirmations and have relied on the confirmations contained in the Resolutions.

 

3.3                               Our examination has been limited to the literal text of the Documents and we have not had regard to any matters not expressly set out in the Documents.

 

4.                                      ASSUMPTIONS

 

For the purpose of the legal opinions expressed herein, we have assumed:

 

4.1                               that all copy Documents received by us are (and their content is) correct and complete and conform to the original Documents in all respects;

 

4.2                               that the Agreement has been entered into in the form referred to in paragraph 3;

 

4.3                               the genuineness and completeness of all signatures on the Documents received by us, such signatures being the signatures of the relevant individuals concerned;

 

4.4                               that the Agreement has been signed on behalf of the Company by (i) jointly authorised managing directors of the Company specified in the Excerpt 2016 and the articles of association of the Company or (ii) an attorney under the Power of Attorney;

 

4.5                               that the Resolutions were duly adopted and remain in full force without modification;

 

4.6                               that no works council exists (or existed) whose advice needs to be sought in relation to the entry into by the Company of the Agreement;

 

4.7                               that the Power of Attorney remains in force without modification and under any applicable law other than Netherlands Law, it validly authorises the relevant persons to represent the Company;

 

4.8                               that no rule of law which under the The Hague Convention on the Law applicable to Agency 1978 applies or may be applied to the existence and extent of the authority of any person authorised to sign the Agreement on behalf of the Company under the Power of Attorney, adversely affects the existence and extent of that authority as expressed in the Power of Attorney;

 

2


 

4.9                               that all parties to the Agreement (other than the Company) have been duly incorporated, validly exist, have the corporate power to enter into and perform the Agreement, have validly signed and entered into the Agreement and have obtained all required consents, licenses, approvals, registrations and other authorisations for purposes of their entry into and performance of the Agreement;

 

4.10                        that all Confirmations (as well as all confirmations included in the Resolutions) are true and correct.

 

5.                                      LEGAL OPINIONS

 

Based upon a review of the Documents and a consideration of the Confirmations (as well as the confirmations in the Resolutions), and subject to the assumptions and qualifications referred to in paragraphs 4 and 6 respectively and any matters not disclosed to us, we are of the following legal opinion:

 

5.1                               The Company has been incorporated and exists as a legal entity in the form of a private limited liability company (besloten vennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid).

 

5.2                               The Company has the corporate power to enter into the Agreement and perform its obligations thereunder.

 

5.3                               The Company has taken all necessary corporate action to authorise the entry into of the Agreement and the performance by the Company of its obligations thereunder.

 

5.4                               The Agreement has been validly signed on behalf of the Company.

 

5.5                               The execution, delivery, and performance by the Company of the Agreement will not violate the articles of association of the Company or any provisions of Netherlands Law to the extent that such violations would make the Agreement void or subject it to nullification or avoidance.

 

Without detracting from the generality of paragraph 2 and save as otherwise expressly provided herein, we do not give any legal opinion on tax, competition or anti-trust, works council, ranking and subordination or in rem matters.

 

6.                                      QUALIFICATIONS

 

The legal opinions that are given in this legal opinion are subject to the following qualifications:

 

6.1                               The legal opinions may be affected or limited by the provisions of any applicable bankruptcy, suspension of payments or emergency measures, insolvency proceedings (including Insolvency Proceedings), rules relating to conflicts of rights between creditors, intervention measures in relation to financial enterprises or their affiliated entities and other or similar laws of general application now or hereafter in effect.

 

3


 

6.2                               Although, pursuant to the provisions of the 2007 Trade Register Act (Handelsregisterwet 2007) a legal entity or partnership cannot invoke the incorrectness or incompleteness of its Trade Register registration against third parties who were unaware of its incorrectness or incompleteness (subject to limited exceptions) an extract from the Trade Register does not provide conclusive evidence that the facts set out in it are correct. In addition, any relevant confirmations obtained as part of the Confirmations do not provide conclusive evidence that an entity is not subject to Insolvency Proceedings.

 

6.3                               If any legal act (rechtshandeling) performed by a Dutch legal entity exceeds such entity’s objects or is not in such entity’s interest, such legal act may, apart from exceeding such entity’s corporate power, be in violation of its articles of association and be nullified by it if the other party or parties to the act knew or should have known that the legal act is not in the entity’s interest.

 

7.                                      CONFIDENTIALITY AND RELIANCE

 

7.1                               This legal opinion is given for the benefit of the persons to whom it is addressed in their respective capacities as stated (to the exclusion of all other persons), and may be relied upon solely for purposes of the Registration. It (i) may not be provided to or relied upon by anyone else or for any other purpose or quoted or referred to in any public document or filed with anyone without our express prior written consent having been obtained in advance and (ii) should at all times be kept strictly confidential.

 

7.2                               Notwithstanding paragraph 7.1, a copy may, solely for the purpose of the Registration, be attached to the Form S-3 Registration Statement as an exhibit.

 

7.3                               Notwithstanding paragraph 7.1, this opinion letter may be relied upon by DLA Piper LLP (US) for the purpose of its legal opinion in connection with the Registration.

 

7.4                               We consent to the filing of this legal opinion with the SEC as an exhibit to the Form S-3 Registration Statement and to the reference to our firm in the Form S-3 Registration Statement under the heading “Legal Matters”. In giving this consent, we do not admit that we are a person whose consent is required under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or under any rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC.

 

4


 

Annex

 

“Agreement” means an indenture between (1) the Company as issuer, (2) W. P. Carey Inc as guarantor and (3) U.S. Bank National Association as trustee dated 8 November 2016;

 

“Company” means WPC Eurobond B.V., a private company with limited liability (besloten vennootschap met beperkte aansprakelijkheid), with corporate seat in Amsterdam, the Netherlands and having its address at Strawinskylaan 741, Toren C, 7th Fl, 1077 XX Amsterdam, the Netherlands and registered with the Chamber of Commerce under number 67078028;

 

“Confirmations” means a:

 

(a)                                 telephonic confirmation from the Chamber of Commerce that the most recent Excerpt is complete and up to date;

 

(b)                                 (telephonic) confirmation (i) from the court registry of the District Court of the place where the Company has it seat, derived from that Court’s Insolvency Register and (ii) through www.rechtspraak.nl derived from the segment for EU registrations of the Central Insolvency Register (in both cases) that the Company is not registered as being subject to Insolvency Proceedings; and

 

(c)                                  confirmation through eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/sanctions/connsol-list_en.htm that the Company is not included on any Sanctions List;

 

“Documents” means each of the documents referred to in paragraph 3.1 which have been reviewed by us;

 

“Excerpts” means:

 

(a)                                 the electronically certified extract from the Trade Register in respect of the Company provided by the Chamber of Commerce and dated 8 November 2016 (the “Excerpt 2016”); and

 

(b)                                 the electronically certified extract from the Trade Register in respect of the Company provided by the Chamber of Commerce and dated 9 August 2019;

 

“Form S-3 Registration Statement” means a form S-3 registration statement (excluding any documents incorporated by reference in it or, other than the Indenture) to be filed with the SEC on 9 August 2019 relating to the Registration;

 

“Insolvency Proceedings” means any proceedings as defined in Article 2 paragraph 4 of EU Council Regulation (EC) No. 848/2015 of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings;

 

“Netherlands” means the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands;

 

“Netherlands Law” means the laws of the Netherlands which are directly applicable and as they exist and are interpreted at the date of this legal opinion;

 

5


 

“Power of Attorney” means a written power of attorney in favour of Mark J. DeCesaris, Thomas E. Zacharias and Susan C. Hyde, as included in the Resolution of the managing board of the Company granted by the Company in relation to its entry into of the Agreement;

 

“Resolutions” means:

 

(a)                                a written resolution of the managing board of the Company, dated 7 November 2016; and

 

(b)                                a written resolution of the general meeting of shareholders of the Company, dated 7 November 2016;

 

“Sanctions List” means each list referred to in:

 

(a)                                Article 2(3) of Council regulation (EC) No 2580/2001 of 27 December 2001 on specific restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities with a view of combating terrorism;

 

(b)                                 Article 2 of Council Regulation (EC) No 881/2002 of 27 May 2002 imposing certain restrictive measures directed against certain persons and entities associated with Usama bin Laden, the Al-Qaida network and the Taliban, and repealing Council regulation (EC) No 467/2001 prohibiting the export of certain goods and services to Afghanistan, strengthening the flight ban and extending the freeze of funds and other financial sources in respect of the Taliban of Afghanistan; or

 

(c)                                  Article 1(1) of the Council Common Position 2001/931 of 27 December 2001 on the application of specific measures to combat terrorism; and

 

“Trust Convention” means the Convention on the Law applicable to Trusts and their Recognition 1985.

 

6


 

Yours faithfully

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Gerard Kneppers

 

/s/ Manon den Boer

 

 

 

GERARD KNEPPERS

 

MANON DEN BOER

Advocaat - Partner

 

Notaris - Partner

DLA PIPER NEDERLAND N.V.

 

DLA PIPER NEDERLAND N.V.

 

 

 

Direct +31 20 541 9811

 

Direct +31 20 541 9871

 

 

 

[email protected]

 

[email protected]

 

7



(Back To Top)

Section 4: EX-8.1 (EX-8.1)


Exhibit 8.1

 

 

 

DLA Piper LLP (US)

444 West Lake Street, Suite 900

Chicago, Illinois 60606-0089

T 312.368.4000

F 312.236.7516

W www.dlapiper.com

 

August 9, 2019

 

W. P. Carey Inc.

50 Rockefeller Plaza

New York, NY 10020

 

Re:          Tax Opinion for REIT Status

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

In connection with the filing of the Registration Statement on Form S-3 (the “Registration Statement”) by W.P. Carey Inc., a Maryland corporation (the “Company”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on August 9, 2019, we have been requested by the Company to issue our opinions (the “Opinions”) as to whether, (i) commencing with the Company’s taxable year ended December 31, 2012 through its taxable year ended December 31, 2018, the Company has been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) and the proposed method of operation as described in the Registration Statement will enable the Company to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code, and (ii) the descriptions of U.S. federal income tax consequences contained in the sections of the Registration Statement entitled “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Common Stock” and “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Debt Securities” are materially accurate descriptions of current tax law of the United States.

 

In connection with rendering the Opinions, we have examined originals (or copies identified to our satisfaction as true copies of the originals) of the following documents (collectively, the “Reviewed Documents”):

 

(1)         the Company’s Articles of Amendment and Restatement in effect as of the date hereof (the “Articles”);

 

(2)         the Company’s Amended and Restated Bylaws in effect as of the date hereof (the “Bylaws”);

 


 

(3)         the Registration Statement; and

 

(4)         such other documents as may have been presented to us by the Company from time to time.

 

In addition, we have relied upon the factual representations contained in the certificate issued by the Company, dated as of the date thereof, executed by a duly appointed officer of the Company, setting forth certain representations relating to the organization and proposed operation of the Company and its subsidiaries.

 

For purposes of our Opinions, we have not made an independent investigation of all of the facts set forth in the documents we reviewed.  We consequently have assumed that the information presented in such documents or otherwise furnished to us accurately and completely describes all material facts relevant to our Opinions.  No facts have come to our attention, however, that would cause us to question the accuracy and completeness of such facts or documents in a material way.  Any representation or statement in any document upon which we rely that is made “to the best of our knowledge” or otherwise similarly qualified is assumed to be correct.  Any alteration of such facts may adversely affect our Opinions.

 

In our review, we have assumed, with the consent of the Company, that all of the representations and statements of a factual nature set forth in the documents we reviewed are true and correct, and all of the obligations imposed by any such documents on the parties thereto have been and will be performed or satisfied in accordance with their terms.  We have also assumed the genuineness of all signatures, the proper execution of all documents, the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to originals of documents submitted to us as copies, and the authenticity of the originals from which any copies were made.

 

The Opinions set forth in this letter are based on relevant provisions of the Code, the regulations promulgated thereunder by the United States Department of the Treasury (“Regulations”) (including proposed and temporary Regulations), and interpretations of the foregoing as expressed in court decisions, the legislative history, and existing administrative rulings and practices of the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), including its practices and policies in issuing private letter rulings, which are not binding on the IRS except with respect to a taxpayer that receives such a ruling, all as of the date hereof.

 

In rendering these Opinions, we have assumed that the transactions contemplated by the Reviewed Documents have been or will be consummated in accordance with the terms and provisions of such documents, and that such documents accurately reflect the material facts of such transactions.  In addition, the Opinions are based on the assumption that the Company and its subsidiaries will each be operated in the manner described in the Articles, the Bylaws and the other organizational documents of each such entity and their subsidiaries, as the case may be, and all terms and provisions of such agreements and documents will be complied with by all parties thereto.

 

2


 

It should be noted that statutes, regulations, judicial decisions and administrative interpretations are subject to change at any time and, in some circumstances, with retroactive effect.  A material change that is made after the date hereof in any of the foregoing bases for our Opinions could affect our conclusions.  Furthermore, if the facts vary from those relied upon (including any representations, warranties, covenants or assumptions upon which we have relied are inaccurate, incomplete, breached or ineffective), our Opinions contained herein could be inapplicable.  Moreover, the qualification and taxation of the Company as a REIT depends upon its ability to meet, through actual annual operating results, distribution levels and diversity of share ownership and the various qualification tests imposed under the Code, the results of which will not be reviewed by the undersigned.  Accordingly, no assurance can be given that the actual results of the operations of the Company for any one taxable year will satisfy such requirements.

 

Based upon and subject to the foregoing, we are of the opinion that (i) commencing with the Company’s taxable year ended December 31, 2012 through its taxable year ended December 31, 2018, the Company has been organized and operated in conformity with the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code and the proposed method of operation as described in the Registration Statement will enable the Company to continue to meet the requirements for qualification and taxation as a REIT under the Code, and (ii) the descriptions of U.S. federal income tax consequences contained in the sections of the Registration Statement entitled “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Common Stock” and “Material U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations Relevant to Holders of Our Debt Securities” are materially accurate descriptions of current tax law of the United States. The foregoing Opinions are limited to the matters specifically discussed herein, which are the only matters to which the Company has requested our opinions.  Other than as expressly stated above, we express no opinion on any issue relating to the Company or to any investment therein.

 

This letter is being provided in connection with the Registration Statement.  This letter speaks only as of the date hereof, and we undertake no obligation to update this letter or notify any person of any changes in facts, circumstances or applicable law.  Please note that an opinion of counsel represents only counsel’s best legal judgment, and has no binding effect or official status of any kind, and that no assurance can be given that contrary positions may not be taken by the IRS or that a court considering the issues would not hold otherwise.

 

We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion letter with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as an exhibit to the Registration Statement and to the references therein to us.  In giving such consent, we do hereby admit that we are within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission promulgated thereunder.

 

3


 

 

Very truly yours,

 

 

 

/s/ DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

 

 

DLA Piper LLP (US)

 

4



(Back To Top)

Section 5: EX-23.3 (EX-23.3)


Exhibit 23.3

 

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement on Form S-3 of W.P. Carey Inc. of our report dated February 22, 2019 relating to the financial statements, financial statement schedules and the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, which appears in W.P. Carey Inc.’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

We also hereby consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement on Form S-3 of W.P. Carey Inc. of our report dated March 14, 2018 relating to the financial statements and financial statement schedules of Corporate Property Associates 17 — Global Incorporated, which appears in the Current Report on Form 8-K/A filed by W.P. Carey on November 19, 2018.

 

We also consent to the reference to us under the heading “Experts” in such Registration Statement.

 

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

New York, New York

August 9, 2019

 



(Back To Top)

Section 6: EX-25.1 (EX-25.1)


Exhibit 25.1

 

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM T-1

 

STATEMENT OF ELIGIBILITY UNDER

THE TRUST INDENTURE ACT OF 1939 OF A

CORPORATION DESIGNATED TO ACT AS TRUSTEE

 

Check if an Application to Determine Eligibility of

a Trustee Pursuant to Section 305(b)(2)  o

 


 

U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION

(Exact name of Trustee as specified in its charter)

 

31-0841368

I.R.S. Employer Identification No.

 

800 Nicollet Mall
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 

55402

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

Raymond S. Haverstock

U.S. Bank National Association

60 Livingston Avenue

St. Paul, MN 55107

(651) 466-6299

(Name, address and telephone number of agent for service)

 

W.P. Carey Inc.

WPC Eurobond B.V.

(Issuer with respect to the Securities)

 

Maryland
The Netherlands

 

45-4549771
Not Applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

50 Rockefeller Plaza
New York, New York

 

10020

(Address of Principal Executive Offices)

 

(Zip Code)

 

W.P. Carey Inc.

Debt Securities

Guarantee by W.P. Carey Inc of Debt Securities of WPC EuroBond B.V.

WPC Eurobond B.V.

Debt Securities

(Title of the Indenture Securities)

 

 

 


 

FORM T-1

 

Item 1.         GENERAL INFORMATION.  Furnish the following information as to the Trustee.

 

a)                       Name and address of each examining or supervising authority to which it is subject.

Comptroller of the Currency

Washington, D.C.

 

b)                       Whether it is authorized to exercise corporate trust powers.

Yes

 

Item 2.                                 AFFILIATIONS WITH OBLIGOR.  If the obligor is an affiliate of the Trustee, describe each such affiliation.

None

 

Items 3-15                                     Items 3-15 are not applicable because to the best of the Trustee’s knowledge, the obligor is not in default under any Indenture for which the Trustee acts as Trustee.

 

Item 16.                          LIST OF EXHIBITS:  List below all exhibits filed as a part of this statement of eligibility and qualification.

 

1.                                      A copy of the Articles of Association of the Trustee.*

 

2.                                      A copy of the certificate of authority of the Trustee to commence business, attached as Exhibit 2.

 

3.                                      A copy of the certificate of authority of the Trustee to exercise corporate trust powers, attached as Exhibit 3.

 

4.                                      A copy of the existing bylaws of the Trustee.**

 

5.                                      A copy of each Indenture referred to in Item 4.  Not applicable.

 

6.                                      The consent of the Trustee required by Section 321(b) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, attached as Exhibit 6.

 

7.                                      Report of Condition of the Trustee as of March 31, 2019 published pursuant to law or the requirements of its supervising or examining authority, attached as Exhibit 7.

 


* Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 25.1 to Amendment No. 2 to registration statement on S-4, Registration Number 333-128217 filed on November 15, 2005.

 

** Incorporated by reference to Exhibit 25.1 to registration statement on form S-3ASR,  Registration Number 333-199863 filed on November 5, 2014.

 

2


 

SIGNATURE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, as amended, the Trustee, U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, a national banking association organized and existing under the laws of the United States of America, has duly caused this statement of eligibility and qualification to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, all in the City of St. Paul, State of Minnesota on the 9th of August, 2019.

 

 

By:

/s/ Raymond S. Haverstock

 

 

Raymond S. Haverstock

 

 

Vice President

 

3


 

Exhibit 2

 

 

CERTIFICATE OF CORPORATE EXISTENCE

 

I, Joseph Otting, Comptroller of the Currency, do hereby certify that:

 

1.  The Comptroller of the Currency, pursuant to Revised Statutes 324, et seq, as amended, and 12 USC 1, et seq, as amended, has possession, custody, and control of all records pertaining to the chartering, regulation, and supervision of all national banking associations.

 

2.  “U.S. Bank National Association,” Cincinnati, Ohio (Charter No. 24), is a national banking association formed under the laws of the United States and is authorized thereunder to transact the business of banking on the date of this certificate.

 

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, today,

December 6, 2018, I have hereunto

subscribed my name and caused my seal

of office to be affixed to these presents at

the U.S. Department of the Treasury, in

the City of Washington, District of

Columbia

 

/s/ Joseph Otting

Comptroller of the Currency

 

4


 

Exhibit 3

 

CERTIFICATION OF FIDUCIARY POWERS

 

I, Joseph Otting, Comptroller of the Currency, do hereby certify that:

 

1.  The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, pursuant to Revised Statutes 324, et seq, as amended, and 12 USC 1, et seq, as amended, has possession, custody, and control of all records pertaining to the chartering, regulation, and supervision of all national banking associations.

 

2. “U.S. Bank National Association,” Cincinnati, Ohio (Charter No. 24), was granted, under the hand and seal of the Comptroller, the right to act in all fiduciary capacities authorized under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved September 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 668, 12 USC 92a, and that the authority so granted remains in full force and effect on the date of this certificate.

 

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, today,

December 6, 2018, I have hereunto

subscribed my name and caused my seal of

office to be affixed to these presents at the

U.S. Department of the Treasury, in the City

of Washington, District of Columbia.

 

/s/ Joseph Otting

Comptroller of the Currency

 

5


 

Exhibit 6

 

CONSENT

 

In accordance with Section 321(b) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the undersigned, U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION hereby consents that reports of examination of the undersigned by Federal, State, Territorial or District authorities may be furnished by such authorities to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon its request therefor.

 

Dated: August 9, 2019

 

 

By:

/s/ Raymond S. Haverstock

 

 

Raymond S. Haverstock

 

 

Vice President

 

6


 

Exhibit 7

U.S. Bank National Association

Statement of Financial Condition

As of 3/31/2019

 

($000’s)

 

 

 

3/31/2019

 

Assets

 

 

 

Cash and Balances Due From

 

$

18,011,992

 

Depository Institutions

 

 

 

Securities

 

113,629,093

 

Federal Funds

 

3,518,495

 

Loans & Lease Financing Receivables

 

286,352,008

 

Fixed Assets

 

5,289,051

 

Intangible Assets

 

12,998,717

 

Other Assets

 

27,522,814

 

Total Assets

 

$

467,322,170

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

Deposits

 

$

359,151,957

 

Fed Funds

 

1,408,144

 

Treasury Demand Notes

 

0

 

Trading Liabilities

 

565,646

 

Other Borrowed Money

 

37,549,120

 

Acceptances

 

0

 

Subordinated Notes and Debentures

 

3,800,000

 

Other Liabilities

 

15,767,654

 

Total Liabilities

 

$

418,242,521

 

 

 

 

 

Equity

 

 

 

Common and Preferred Stock

 

18,200

 

Surplus

 

14,266,915

 

Undivided Profits

 

33,995,325

 

Minority Interest in Subsidiaries

 

799,209

 

Total Equity Capital

 

$

49,079,649

 

 

 

 

 

Total Liabilities and Equity Capital

 

$

467,322,170

 

 

7


 


(Back To Top)

Section 7: EX-99.1 (EX-99.1)


Exhibit 99.1

 

W. P. CAREY UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

This unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of W. P. Carey for the year ended December 31, 2018, including the notes thereto either incorporated by reference to this filing or presented elsewhere in this filing, and other financial information and analyses, either incorporated by reference to this filing or presented elsewhere in this filing. Included also within the pro forma financial information is the unaudited financial statement of income of CPA:17 — Global for the ten months ended October 31, 2018.

 

The unaudited pro forma statement of income for the year ended December 31, 2018 (i) is based on available information and assumptions that management deems reasonable; (ii) is presented for informational purposes only; (iii) does not purport to be indicative of W. P. Carey’s future results of operations or financial position; and (iv) does not purport to represent the financial position or results of operations that would actually have occurred assuming completion of the merger between W. P. Carey and CPA:17 — Global (the “Merger”) had occurred on January 1, 2018.

 

On October 31, 2018, CPA:17 — Global merged with and into one of W. P. Carey’s subsidiaries in exchange for shares of W. P. Carey common stock in accordance with the related merger agreement. Subject to the terms and conditions contained in the merger agreement, at the effective time of the Merger, each share of CPA:17 — Global common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger was canceled and the rights attaching to such share were converted automatically into the right to receive 0.160 shares of W. P. Carey common stock (the “Merger Consideration”). Each share of CPA:17 — Global common stock owned by W. P. Carey or any of its subsidiaries immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger was automatically canceled and retired, and ceased to exist, for no Merger Consideration. W. P. Carey paid total Merger Consideration of approximately $3.6 billion, including the issuance of 53,849,087 shares of W. P. Carey common stock with a fair value of $3.6 billion, based on the closing price of W. P. Carey’s common stock on October 31, 2018 of $66.01 per share, to the stockholders of CPA:17 — Global in exchange for the 336,715,969 shares of CPA:17 — Global common stock that W. P. Carey and its affiliates did not previously own, and cash of $1.7 million paid in lieu of issuing any fractional shares.

 

W. P. Carey, as the acquirer, accounted for the Merger as a business combination and the assets acquired and liabilities assumed of CPA:17 — Global were recorded at estimated fair values.

 

1


 

W. P. CAREY

UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

For the Year Ended December 31, 2018

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

Historical

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W. P. Carey

 

CPA:17 —
Global
(January 1,
2018 —
October 31,
2018)(a)

 

Pro Forma
Adjustments

 

(Notes)

 

W. P. Carey
Pro Forma
Consolidated

 

Revenues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease revenues

 

$

716,422

 

$

290,569

 

$

(11,412

)

A

 

$

1,001,608

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,584

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(4,555

)

A

 

 

 

Reimbursable tenant costs

 

28,076

 

19,941

 

 

 

 

48,017

 

Operating property revenues

 

28,072

 

38,208

 

 

 

 

66,280

 

Lease termination income and other

 

6,555

 

19,429

 

(8,374

)

B

 

17,610

 

 

 

779,125

 

368,147

 

(13,757

)

 

 

1,133,515

 

Investment Management:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asset management revenue

 

63,556

 

 

(24,884

)

F

 

38,672

 

Reimbursable costs from affiliates

 

21,925

 

 

(6,233

)

F

 

15,692

 

Structuring revenue

 

20,826

 

 

(1,185

)

F

 

19,641

 

Other advisory revenue

 

300

 

 

 

 

 

300

 

 

 

106,607

 

 

(32,302

)

 

 

74,305

 

 

 

885,732

 

368,147

 

(46,059

)

 

 

1,207,820

 

Operating Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

291,440

 

105,056

 

39,057

 

C

 

435,553

 

General and administrative

 

68,337

 

10,742

 

(2,422

)

F

 

76,657

 

Reimbursable tenant and affiliate costs

 

50,001

 

19,941

 

(6,233

)

F

 

63,709

 

Merger and other expenses

 

41,426

 

16,280

 

(57,893

)

F

 

(187

)

Property expenses, excluding reimbursable tenant costs

 

22,773

 

74,812

 

369

 

C

 

73,070

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(24,884

)

F

 

 

 

Operating property expenses

 

20,150

 

25,990

 

 

 

 

46,140

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

18,294

 

75

 

 

 

 

18,369

 

Subadvisor fees

 

9,240

 

 

 

 

 

9,240

 

Impairment charges

 

4,790

 

19,755

 

 

 

 

24,545

 

 

 

526,451

 

272,651

 

(52,006

)

 

 

747,096

 

Other Income and Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

(178,375

)

(69,900

)

1,191

 

D

 

(248,954

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

178

 

F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,048

)

G

 

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate, net

 

118,605

 

4,370

 

 

 

 

122,975

 

Equity in earnings of equity method investments in the Managed Programs and real estate

 

61,514

 

21,759

 

(27,721

(993

(26,069

)

)

)

E

E

E

 

28,490

 

Gain on change in control of interests

 

47,814

 

 

(47,814

)

F

 

 

Other gains and (losses)

 

29,913

 

17,281

 

(178

)

F

 

47,016

 

 

 

79,471

 

(26,490

)

(103,454

)

 

 

(50,473

)

Income before income taxes

 

438,752

 

69,006

 

(97,507

)

 

 

410,251

 

Provision for income taxes

 

(14,411

)

(3,848

)

150

 

G

 

(4,592

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

768

 

H

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,980

 

H

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,769

 

H

 

 

 

Net Income

 

424,341

 

65,158

 

(83,840

)

 

 

405,659

 

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

(12,775

)

(36,045

)

50,121

 

I

 

1,301

 

Net Income Attributable to W. P. Carey

 

$

411,566

 

$

29,113

 

$

(33,719

)

 

 

$

406,960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic Earnings Per Share

 

$

3.50

 

$

0.08

 

 

 

 

 

$

2.51

 

Diluted Earnings Per Share

 

$

3.49

 

$

0.08

 

 

 

 

 

$

2.51

 

Weighted Average Shares Outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

117,494,969

 

352,942,522

 

 

 

J

 

162,197,087

 

Diluted

 

117,706,445

 

352,942,522

 

 

 

J

 

162,408,563

 

 


(a)  Certain amounts in CPA:17 — Global’s historical consolidated statement of income have been reclassified to conform to W. P. Carey’s presentation.

 

2


 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying unaudited pro forma consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation S-X and do not include all of the information and disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles of the United States (“GAAP”). Pro forma financial information is intended to provide information about the continuing impact of a transaction by showing how a specific transaction or group of transactions might have affected historical financial statements. Pro forma financial information illustrates only the isolated and objectively measurable (based on historically determined amounts) effects of a particular transaction, and excludes effects based on judgmental estimates of how historical management practices and operating decisions may or may not have changed as a result of the transaction. Therefore, pro forma financial information does not include information about the possible or expected impact of current actions taken by management in response to the pro forma transaction, as if management’s actions were carried out in previous reporting periods.

 

This unaudited pro forma consolidated financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to be indicative of the Company’s financial results or financial position as if the transactions reflected herein had occurred, or been in effect during the pro forma periods. In addition, this pro forma consolidated financial information should not be viewed as indicative of the Company’s expected financial results for future periods.

 

Historical amounts are derived from the audited consolidated financial statement of income of W. P. Carey for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the unaudited consolidated statement of income of CPA:17 — Global for the ten months ended October 31, 2018.

 

A.            Lease revenues — Reflects a pro forma net decrease in Lease revenues of $11.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 due to purchase accounting adjustments to reflect the amortization of acquired intangibles, described below, for leases that have rents above or below market rates and the reevaluation of acquired straight-line rents.

 

In connection with the acquisition of the properties subject to leases, $298.2 million of the purchase price has been allocated to reflect the value attributable to the assumption of leases with rents in excess of market rates at acquisition. The intangible assets related to the assumption of these above-market leases are amortized as a reduction to rental income, using the straight-line method, over the remaining terms of the applicable leases, which range from two to 43 years with a weighted-average life of 12.2 years. Additionally, $109.9 million of the purchase price has been allocated as Below-market rent intangibles to reflect the value attributable to the assumption of leases with rents that are below market rates at acquisition. Below-market rent is amortized as an increase to rental income over the remaining initial, non-cancelable terms of the applicable leases. Their terms range from five to 48 years with a weighted-average life of 24.9 years.

 

There is an additional pro forma adjustment of $4.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 to recognize a reduction of interest income from acquired direct financing leases.

 

B.            Lease termination income and other — Reflects a pro forma adjustment of $8.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 to recognize a reduction of accretion for a loan receivable.

 

C.            Depreciation and amortization — Reflects a pro forma adjustment of $39.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, for the change in Depreciation and amortization of acquired tangible assets (buildings and site improvements) and in-place leases representing the difference between the estimated fair value and acquired carrying values. Included in these amounts are depreciation and amortization related to operation of the tenancy-in-common interest discussed below (Note G). Buildings and site improvements are depreciated over the remaining useful life ranging from 10 to 40 years. In-place lease values are amortized over the remaining non-cancelable terms of the applicable leases, which range from two to 49 years.

 

Property expenses, excluding reimbursable tenant costs — Reflects a pro forma adjustment of $0.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 for the net amortization of acquired above and below market ground lease intangibles of $2.8 million and $22.6 million, respectively. Above/below market ground lease values are amortized over the remaining initial, non-cancelable terms of the applicable leases, which range from eight to 89 years.

 

D.            Interest expense — Reflects a pro forma adjustment to record a decrease in Interest expense of $1.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 related to the fair value adjustment of the assumed mortgage loans payable being amortized over the remaining terms of the notes.

 

E.             Equity in earnings of equity method investments in the Managed Programs and real estate — Reflects pro forma adjustments (i) to reverse equity income recorded in W. P. Carey’s historical statements of income related to real estate investments consolidated in the Merger (including the tenancy-in-common investment described in Note G), as well as equity earnings recorded in CPA:17 — Global’s historical statements related to real estate investments consolidated by W. P. Carey prior to the Merger, totaling $27.7 million, (ii) to reflect the amortization of basis differences related to the change in fair value of equity method investments formerly held by CPA:17 — Global of $1.0 million, and (iii) to reflect the reversal of equity income from CPA:17 — Global included in the historical statements of income for W. P. Carey of $26.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

3


 

NOTES TO UNAUDITED PRO FORMA CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION (Continued)

 

F.              Reflects adjustments to eliminate activities between W. P. Carey and CPA:17 — Global included in the respective historical financial statements, as all such revenues, expenses and interests would have been eliminated in consolidation had the Merger occurred on January 1, 2018. These pro forma adjustments for the year ended December 31, 2018 comprise (i) the reversal of Asset management fee revenue of $24.9 million, Structuring revenues of $1.2 million, and related interest on deferred structuring fees of $0.2 million earned by W. P. Carey from CPA:17 — Global, (ii) the reversal of Reimbursed costs from affiliates of $6.2 million related to costs formerly charged by W. P. Carey to CPA:17 — Global, (iii) a reversal of Reimbursable costs included in operating expenses corresponding to the prior adjustment in the amounts of $6.2 million, and (iv) the reversal of Property expenses of $24.9 million representing the Asset management fees paid by CPA:17 — Global described above.

 

Additional pro forma adjustments to General and administrative expenses reflect the reversal of $2.4 million of recurring fees and expenses that were included in the historical financial statements of CPA:17 — Global for the year ended December 31, 2018, which will be eliminated as a result of the Merger.

 

The pro forma adjustments also reflect the reversals of Merger and other expenses of $57.9 million and Gain on change in control of interests of $47.8 million, associated with the Merger, for the year ended December 31, 2018.

 

G.            Reflects the operations of a tenancy-in-common interest previously reflected by each of W. P. Carey and CPA:17 — Global as income from equity investments in real estate. The tenancy-in-common will be consolidated by W. P. Carey at the time of merger. The pro forma adjustment comprises primarily (i) increases in Rental income of $10.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, (ii) an increase in Interest expense of $2.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, (iii) an income tax benefit of $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Depreciation and amortization related to this investment is included in the adjustment above (Note C). Equity in earnings of equity method investments in the Managed Programs and real estate related to this investment is included in the adjustment above (Note E).

 

H.           Provision for income taxes — As a result of the Merger, Asset management revenue and certain other taxable revenues of W. P. Carey have been eliminated (Note F). The pro forma adjustment for an income tax benefit of $6.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 reflects the income tax impact related to the elimination of these transactions. The pro forma adjustment for an income tax benefit of $6.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 reflects the tax impact related to the accelerated vesting of shares W. P. Carey held in CPA:17 — Global as a result of the Merger. The pro forma adjustment for an income tax benefit of $0.8 million primarily reflects the income tax impact on pro forma adjustments based on an applicable foreign statutory tax rate in effect during the year ended December 31, 2018. The tax rates utilized represent the applicable tax rates that were enacted as of the last day of the reporting period.

 

I.                Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests — Primarily reflects the elimination of income attributable to noncontrolling interests which will be consolidated as a result of the Merger, as well as minor adjustments due to fair value changes of ongoing acquired noncontrolling interests.

 

J.                Earnings per share — Basic and diluted pro forma earnings per share reflect the additional shares expected to be issued as part of the Merger, which are deemed to be outstanding as of January 1, 2018 for the pro forma basic and diluted earnings per share calculation. Thus, the pro forma outstanding shares are calculated as follows:

 

 

 

Historical

 

Pro Forma

 

 

 

 

 

W. P. Carey

 

Adjustments

 

Pro Forma

 

For the year ended December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

117,494,969

 

44,702,118

 

162,197,087

 

Diluted

 

117,706,445

 

44,702,118

 

162,408,563

 

 

4



(Back To Top)