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Section 1: 8-K (8-K)

Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 8-K
 
 
 
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)
of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): June 12, 2019
 
 
 
 
New Senior Investment Group Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
001-36499
 
80-0912734
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
55 West 46th Street, Suite 2204
New York, New York
 
10036
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip code)
646-822-3700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report) 
 
 
 
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the Registrant under any of the following provisions:
o
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act
o
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act
 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class:
Trading Symbol:
Name of each exchange on which registered:
Common stock, $0.01 par value per share
SNR
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
 
 
 
  
Emerging growth company
 
o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  o





Item 5.07     Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.

At the Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of New Senior Investment Group Inc. (the “Company”), held on June 12, 2019, the stockholders of the Company voted on the matters described below.
As of April 15, 2019, the record date for the Annual Meeting, holders of 83,010,225 shares of common stock of the Company were entitled to vote.

1.
The Company’s stockholders elected three Class II directors to serve until the 2022 annual meeting of stockholders, and until their successors are elected and duly qualified, subject to earlier retirement, resignation or removal. The numbers of shares that voted for the election of such directors, withheld authority to vote for such directors, and represented broker non-votes with respect to this proposal are summarized in the table below.

Director Nominees
 
Votes For
 
Votes Withheld
 
Broker Non-Votes
Susan Givens
 
52,158,077

 
1,932,095

 
24,227,408

Michael D. Malone
 
49,657,484

 
4,432,688

 
24,227,408

David H. Milner
 
52,182,189

 
1,907,983

 
24,227,408



2.
The Company’s stockholders ratified the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2019. The numbers of shares that voted for, against and abstained from voting for or against the ratification of the selection of Ernst & Young LLP are summarized in the table below.
Votes For
  
Votes Against
  
Abstentions
77,847,775
  
393,872
  
75,933

3.
The Company’s stockholders did not approve amendments to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws to provide for the annual election of all directors. The numbers of shares that voted for, against and abstained from voting for or against the proposal, and represented broker non-votes with respect to this proposal are summarized in the table below.
Votes For
  
Votes Against
  
Abstentions
 
Broker Non-Votes
53,683,337
  
285,783
  
121,052
 
24,227,408

4.
The Company’s stockholders approved amendments to the Company’s Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws to eliminate provisions that are no longer applicable. The numbers of shares that voted for, against and abstained from voting for or against the proposal are summarized in the table below.
Votes For
  
Votes Against
  
Abstentions
75,842,589
  
1,068,990
  
1,406,001

5.
The Company’s stockholders did not approve amendments to the Company’s Bylaws to implement majority voting in uncontested director elections. The numbers of shares that voted for, against and abstained from voting for or against the proposal, and represented broker non-votes with respect to this proposal are summarized in the table below.

Votes For
  
Votes Against
  
Abstentions
 
Broker Non-Votes
53,165,976
  
746,913
  
177,283
 
24,227,408




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Item 9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits.
 
Exhibit
    No.    
  
Description
 
 
  
 


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SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.
 
 
 
 
Date: June 13, 2019
 
 
 
By:
 
/s/ Lori B. Marino
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lori B. Marino
 
 
 
 
 
 
Executive Vice President, General Counsel & Secretary


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Section 2: EX-3.1 (EXHIBIT 3.1)

Exhibit
Exhibit 3.1

AMENDED AND RESTATED
CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION
OF
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.


Pursuant to Sections 228, 242 and 245 of the
Delaware General Corporation Law


New Senior Investment Group Inc. (the “Corporation”), a corporation organized and existing under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware as set forth in Title 8 of the Delaware Code (the “GCL”), does hereby certify as follows:
(1)    The name of the Corporation is New Senior Investment Group Inc. The Corporation was originally formed as Newcastle Senior Living Holdings LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly owned subsidiary of Newcastle Investment Corp. (“Newcastle”), on May 17, 2012. It subsequently was converted to a Delaware corporation and changed its name to New Healthcare Investment Corp. on May 30, 2014. On June 16, 2014, it changed its name to New Senior Investment Group Inc. The original certificate of incorporation of the Corporation was filed with the office of the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware on May 30, 2014, a certificate of amendment to the certificate of incorporation with respect to the name change was filed on June 16, 2014, and an amended and restated certificate of incorporation of the Corporation was filed on October 23, 2014.
(2)    This Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation was duly adopted by the board of directors of the Corporation (the “Board of Directors”) and by the stockholders of the Corporation in accordance with Sections 228, 242 and 245 of the GCL.
(3)    This Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation restates and integrates and further amends the certificate of incorporation of the Corporation, as heretofore amended or supplemented, including the Certificate of Designation of Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock attached hereto as Exhibit A.
(4)    Effective as of June 13, 2019, the text of the Certificate of Incorporation is amended and restated in its entirety as follows:






FIRST: The name of the Corporation is New Senior Investment Group Inc.
SECOND: The address of the registered office of the Corporation in the State of Delaware is 1209 Orange Street, in the City of Wilmington, County of New Castle, 19801. The name of its registered agent at that address is The Corporation Trust Company.
THIRD: The purpose of the Corporation is to engage in any lawful act or activity for which a corporation may be organized under the GCL.
FOURTH:     (a) Authorized Capital Stock. The total number of shares of stock which the Corporation shall have authority to issue is two billion one hundred million (2,100,000,000) shares of capital stock, consisting of (i) two billion (2,000,000,000) shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”) and (ii) one hundred million (100,000,000) shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Preferred Stock”).
(b)    Common Stock. The powers, preferences and rights, and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions, of the Common Stock are as follows:
(1)    Each holder of record of shares of Common Stock shall be entitled to vote at all meetings of the stockholders and shall have one vote for each share held by such holder of record.
(2)    Subject to the prior rights of the holders of all classes or series of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to dividends, the holders of shares of Common Stock shall be entitled to receive, when and as declared by the Board of Directors, out of the assets of the Corporation legally available therefor, such dividends as may be declared from time to time by the Board of Directors.
(3)    Subject to the prior rights of creditors of the Corporation and the holders of all classes or series of stock at the time outstanding having prior rights as to distributions upon liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation, in the event of any liquidation, dissolution or winding up of the Corporation, either voluntary or involuntary, the holders of shares of Common Stock shall be entitled to receive their ratable and proportionate share of the remaining assets of the Corporation.
(4)    No holder of shares of Common Stock shall have cumulative voting rights.
(5)    No holder of shares of Common Stock shall be entitled to preemptive or subscription rights.
(c)    Preferred Stock. The Board of Directors is hereby expressly authorized to provide for the issuance of all or any shares of the Preferred Stock in one or more classes or series, and to fix for each such class or series such voting powers, full or limited, or no voting powers, and such designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights and such qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, as shall be stated and

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expressed in the resolution or resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors providing for the issuance of such class or series, including, without limitation, the authority to provide that any such class or series may be (i) subject to redemption at such time or times and at such price or prices; (ii) entitled to receive dividends (which may be cumulative or non-cumulative) at such rates, on such conditions, and at such times, and payable in preference to, or in such relation to, the dividends payable on any other class or classes or any other series; (iii) entitled to such rights upon the dissolution of, or upon any distribution of the assets of, the Corporation; or (iv) convertible into, or exchangeable for, shares of any other class or classes of stock, or of any other series of the same or any other class or classes of stock, of the Corporation at such price or prices or at such rates of exchange and with such adjustments; all as may be stated in such resolution or resolutions.
(d)    Power to Sell and Purchase Shares. Subject to the requirements of applicable law, the Corporation shall have the power to issue and sell all or any part of any shares of any class of stock herein or hereafter authorized to such persons, and for such consideration, as the Board of Directors shall from time to time, in its discretion, determine, whether or not greater consideration could be received upon the issue or sale of the same number of shares of another class, and as otherwise permitted by law. Subject to the requirements of applicable law, the Corporation shall have the power to purchase any shares of any class of stock herein or hereafter authorized from such persons, and for such consideration, as the Board of Directors shall from time to time, in its discretion, determine, whether or not less consideration could be paid upon the purchase of the same number of shares of another class, and as otherwise permitted by law.
FIFTH: The following provisions are inserted for the management of the business and the conduct of the affairs of the Corporation, and for further definition, limitation and regulation of the powers of the Corporation and of its directors and stockholders.
(a)The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors.
(b)    The Board of Directors shall consist of not less than three nor more than nine members, the exact number of which shall be fixed from time to time by resolution adopted by the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of directors that the Corporation would have if there were no director vacancies.
(c)    The directors shall be divided into three classes, designated Class I, Class II and Class III. Each class shall consist, as nearly as may be possible, of one-third of the total number of directors constituting the entire Board of Directors. The initial division of the Board of Directors into classes shall be made by the decision of the affirmative vote of a majority of the entire Board of Directors. The term of the initial Class I directors assigned at the time of the filing of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation shall terminate on the date of the first annual meeting of stockholders held after the Listing; the initial term of the Class II directors assigned at the time of the filing of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation shall terminate on the date of the second annual meeting of stockholders held after the Listing; and the term of the Class III directors assigned at the time of the filing of this

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Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation shall terminate on the date of the third annual meeting of stockholders held after the Listing. At each annual meeting of stockholders, successors to the class of directors whose term expires at that annual meeting shall be elected for a three-year term and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. If the number of directors is changed, any increase or decrease shall be apportioned among the classes so as to maintain the number of directors in each class as nearly equal as possible, and any additional director of any class elected to fill a vacancy resulting from an increase in such class or from the removal from office, death, disability, resignation or disqualification of a director or other cause shall hold office for a term that shall coincide with the remaining term of the other directors of that class, but in no case shall a decrease in the number of directors shorten the term of any incumbent director.
(d)    Subject to the rights, if any, of the holders of shares of Preferred Stock then outstanding, any director or the entire Board of Directors may be removed from office at any time, but only for cause and only by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote in the election of directors. The vacancy in the Board of Directors caused by any such removal shall be filled as provided in Part (f) of this Article FIFTH.
(e)    A director shall hold office until the annual meeting for the year in which his or her term expires and until his or her successor shall be elected and shall qualify, subject, however, to prior death, resignation, retirement, disqualification or removal from office.
(f)    Subject to the terms of any one or more classes or series of Preferred Stock, (i) any vacancy on the Board of Directors that results from an increase in the number of directors may be filled by a majority of the Board of Directors then in office, provided that a quorum is present, and (ii) any other vacancy occurring on the Board of Directors may be filled by a majority of the Board of Directors then in office, even if less than a quorum, by a sole remaining director or, solely in the event of the removal of the entire Board of Directors, by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote in the election of directors. Any director of any class elected to fill a vacancy resulting from an increase in the number of directors of such class shall hold office for a term that shall coincide with the remaining term of that class. Any director elected to fill a vacancy not resulting from an increase in the number of directors shall have the same remaining term as that of his or her predecessor. Notwithstanding the foregoing, whenever the holders of any one or more classes or series of Preferred Stock issued by the Corporation shall have the right, voting separately by class or series, to elect directors at an annual or special meeting of stockholders, the election, term of office, filling of vacancies and other features of such directorships shall be governed by the terms of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation applicable thereto, and such directors so elected shall not be divided into classes pursuant to this Article FIFTH unless expressly provided by such terms.
(g)     If the Corporation elects to qualify for federal income tax treatment as a REIT (as defined in Article ELEVENTH), the Board of Directors shall use its reasonable best

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efforts to take such actions as it determines are necessary, desirable or appropriate to preserve the qualification of the Corporation as a REIT; however, if the Board of Directors determines that it is no longer in the best interests of the Corporation to continue to be qualified as a REIT, the Board of Directors may revoke or otherwise terminate the Corporation’s REIT election pursuant to Section 856(g) of the Code (as defined in Article ELEVENTH). The Board of Directors also may determine that compliance with any restriction or limitation on stock ownership and transfers set forth in Article ELEVENTH is no longer required for REIT qualification.
(h)    To the extent that the Corporation has incurred or the Board of Directors determines that the Corporation will incur any tax pursuant to Section 860E(e)(6) of the Code as the result of any “excess inclusion” income (within the meaning of Section 860E of the Code) of the Corporation that is allocable to a stockholder that is a “disqualified organization” (as defined in Section 860E(e)(5) of the Code), the Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, cause the Corporation to allocate such tax solely to the stock held by such disqualified organization in the manner described in Treasury Regulation Section 1.860E-2(b)(4), by reducing from one or more distributions paid to such stockholder the tax incurred by the Corporation pursuant to Section 860E(e)(6) as a result of such stockholder’s stock ownership.
(i)    In addition to the powers and authority hereinbefore or by statute expressly conferred upon them, the directors are hereby empowered to exercise all such powers and do all such acts and things as may be exercised or done by the Corporation, subject, nevertheless, to the provisions of the GCL, this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, and any bylaws adopted by the stockholders or the Board of Directors, as the case may be, as amended and/or restated from time to time (the “Bylaws”); provided, however, that no Bylaws hereafter adopted by the stockholders shall invalidate any prior act of the directors which would have been valid if such Bylaws had not been adopted.
(j)    Unless otherwise required by law, special meetings of stockholders, for any purpose or purposes, may be called at any time by either (i) the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, or (ii) the Chief Executive Officer, if there be one, and shall be called by any such officer at the request in writing of (i) the Board of Directors or (ii) a committee of the Board of Directors that has been duly designated by the Board of Directors and whose powers include the authority to call such meetings. Such request shall state the purpose or purposes of the proposed meeting. The ability of the stockholders to call or cause a special meeting of stockholders to be called is hereby specifically denied.
SIXTH: No director shall be personally liable to the Corporation or any of its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director, except to the extent such exemption from liability or limitation thereof is not permitted under the GCL as the same exists or may hereafter be amended. If the GCL is amended hereafter to authorize the further elimination or limitation of the liability of directors, then the liability of a director of the Corporation shall be eliminated or limited to the fullest extent authorized by the GCL, as so amended. Any repeal or modification of this Article SIXTH shall not adversely affect any right or protection of a director of the Corporation existing at the time of such repeal or modification with respect to acts or omissions occurring prior to such repeal or modification.

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SEVENTH: The Corporation shall indemnify its directors and officers to the fullest extent authorized or permitted by law, as now or hereafter in effect, and such right to indemnification shall continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director or officer of the Corporation and shall inure to the benefit of his or her heirs, executors and personal and legal representatives; provided, however, that, except for proceedings to enforce rights to indemnification, the Corporation shall not be obligated to indemnify any director or officer (or his or her heirs, executors or personal or legal representatives) in connection with a proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person unless such proceeding (or part thereof) was authorized or consented to by the Board of Directors. The right to indemnification conferred by this Article SEVENTH shall include the right to be paid by the Corporation the expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred in defending or otherwise participating in any proceeding in advance of its final disposition upon receipt by the Corporation of an undertaking by or on behalf of the director or officer receiving advancement to repay the amount advanced if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation under this Article SEVENTH.
The Corporation may, to the extent authorized from time to time by the Board of Directors, provide rights to indemnification and to the advancement of expenses to employees and agents of the Corporation similar to those conferred in this Article SEVENTH to directors and officers of the Corporation.
The rights to indemnification and to the advance of expenses conferred in this Article SEVENTH shall not be exclusive of any other right which any person may have or hereafter acquire under this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws, any statute, agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise.
The Corporation shall have the power to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was or has agreed to become a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation against any liability asserted against him or her and incurred by him or her or on his or her behalf in such capacity, or arising out of his or her status as such, whether or not the Corporation would have the power to indemnify him or her against such liability.
Any repeal or modification of this Article SEVENTH shall not adversely affect any rights to indemnification and to the advancement of expenses of a director or officer of the Corporation existing at the time of such repeal or modification with respect to any acts or omissions occurring prior to such repeal or modification.
EIGHTH: Any action required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders of the Corporation at any meeting of the stockholders may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, is signed by all the stockholders entitled to vote with respect to the subject matter thereof.
NINTH: Meetings of stockholders may be held within or without the State of Delaware, as the Bylaws may provide. The books of the Corporation may be kept (subject to any provision contained in the GCL) outside the State of Delaware at such place or places as may be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors or in the Bylaws.

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TENTH: (a) Subject to Part (b) of this Article TENTH, the Bylaws may be altered, amended or repealed, in whole or in part, either (i) by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least sixty-six and two-thirds percent (66 2/3%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote thereon (and, for the avoidance of doubt, without approval of the Board of Directors) or (ii) by the affirmative vote of a majority of the total number of directors that the Corporation would have if there were no director vacancies (and, for the avoidance of doubt, without approval of the stockholders).
(b) Notwithstanding Part (a) of this Article TENTH, or any other provision of the Bylaws (and in addition to any other vote that may be required by law), (i) any amendment, alteration or repeal, in whole or in part, of Section 2.3 (Special Meetings), Section 2.11 (Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting), Section 3.1 (Duties and Powers), Section 3.2 (Number and Election of Directors), Section 3.3 (Vacancies), Section 3.6 (Resignations and Removals of Directors), Article XI (Amendments) and Article XII (Definitions) of the Bylaws (collectively, the “Specified Bylaws”) in effect on the first day on which Newcastle ceases to own 100% of the Capital Stock of the Corporation (which, for the avoidance of doubt, would include the adoption of any provision as part of the Bylaws that is inconsistent with the purpose and intent of the Specified Bylaws), shall require the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote thereon.
ELEVENTH: (a) Definitions. For purposes of this Article ELEVENTH, the following definitions shall apply:
Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit” shall mean not more than 9.8 percent (in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the aggregate of the outstanding shares of Capital Stock, subject to the Board of Directors’ power under Part (b)(8) of this Article ELEVENTH hereof to increase or decrease such percentage. The value and number of the outstanding shares of Capital Stock shall be determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive for all purposes hereof. For the purposes of determining the percentage ownership of Capital Stock by any Person, shares of Capital Stock that may be acquired upon conversion, exchange or exercise of any securities of the Corporation directly or constructively held by such Person, but not Capital Stock issuable with respect to the conversion, exchange or exercise of securities for the Corporation held by other Persons, shall be deemed to be outstanding prior to conversion, exchange or exercise.
Beneficial Ownership” shall mean ownership of Capital Stock by a Person, whether the interest in the shares of Capital Stock is held directly or indirectly (including by a nominee), and shall include interests that would be treated as owned through the application of Section 544 of the Code, as modified by Sections 856(h)(1)(B) and 856(h)(3) of the Code. The terms “Beneficial Owner,” “Beneficially Owns” and “Beneficially Owned” shall have the correlative meanings.
Business Day” shall mean any day, other than a Saturday or Sunday, that is neither a legal holiday nor a day on which banking institutions in New York City are authorized or required by law, regulation or executive order to close.

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Capital Stock” shall mean all classes or series of stock of the Corporation, including, without limitation, Common Stock and Preferred Stock.
Charitable Beneficiary” shall mean one or more beneficiaries of the Trust as determined pursuant to Part (c)(6) of this Article ELEVENTH, provided that each such organization must be described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code and contributions to each such organization must be eligible for deduction under each of Sections 170(b)(1)(A), 2055 and 2522 of the Code.
Certificate of Incorporation” shall mean the Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation, as amended and restated from time to time.
Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time.
Common Stock Ownership Limit” shall mean not more than 9.8 percent (in value or in number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the aggregate of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, subject to the Board of Directors’ power under Part (b)(8) of this Article ELEVENTH hereof to increase or decrease such percentage. The number and value of the outstanding shares of Common Stock of the Corporation shall be determined by the Board of Directors of the Corporation in good faith, which determination shall be conclusive for all purposes hereof. For purposes of determining the percentage ownership of Common Stock by any Person, shares of Common Stock that may be acquired upon conversion, exchange or exercise of any securities of the Corporation directly or constructively held by such Person, but not Common Stock issuable with respect to the conversion, exchange or exercise of securities for the Corporation held by other Persons, shall be deemed to be outstanding prior to conversion, exchange or exercise.
Constructive Ownership” shall mean ownership of Capital Stock by a Person, whether the interest in the shares of Capital Stock is held directly or indirectly (including by a nominee), and shall include interests that would be treated as owned actually or constructively through the application of Section 318(a) of the Code, as modified by Section 856(d)(5) of the Code. The terms “Constructive Owner,” “Constructively Owns” and “Constructively Owned” shall have the correlative meanings.
Excepted Holder” shall mean a Person for whom an Excepted Holder Limit is created by the Certificate of Incorporation or by the Board of Directors pursuant to Part (b)(7) of this Article ELEVENTH.
Excepted Holder Limit” shall mean, provided that the affected Excepted Holder agrees to comply with the requirements established by the Certificate of Incorporation or by the Board of Directors pursuant to this Article ELEVENTH and subject to adjustment pursuant to Part (b)(8) of this Article ELEVENTH, the percentage limit established for an Excepted Holder by the Board of Directors pursuant to Part (b)(7) of this Article ELEVENTH.

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Initial Date” shall mean the date on which Newcastle distributes the Capital Stock to its stockholders.
Market Price” on any date shall mean, with respect to any class or series of outstanding shares of Capital Stock, the Closing Price for such Capital Stock on such date. The “Closing Price” on any date shall mean the last reported sale price for such Capital Stock, regular way, or, in case no such sale takes place on such day, the average of the closing bid and asked prices, regular way, for such Capital Stock, in either case as reported in the principal consolidated transaction reporting system with respect to securities listed or admitted to trading on the NYSE or, if such Capital Stock is not listed or admitted to trading on the NYSE, as reported on the principal consolidated transaction reporting system with respect to securities listed on the principal national securities exchange on which such Capital Stock is listed or admitted to trading or, if such Capital Stock is not listed or admitted to trading on any national securities exchange, the principal automated quotation system that may then be in use or, if such Capital Stock is not quoted by any such organization, the average of the closing bid and asked prices as furnished by a professional market maker making a market in such Capital Stock selected by the Board of Directors of the Corporation or, in the event that no trading price is available for such Capital Stock, the fair market value of the Capital Stock, as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.
NYSE” shall mean the New York Stock Exchange.
Person” shall mean an individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, estate, trust (including a trust qualified under Sections 401(a) or 501(c)(17) of the Code), a portion of a trust permanently set aside for or to be used exclusively for the purposes described in Section 642(c) of the Code, association, private foundation within the meaning of Section 509(a) of the Code, joint stock company or other entity and also includes a group as that term is used for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “1934 Act”), and a group to which an Excepted Holder Limit applies.
Prohibited Owner” shall mean, with respect to any purported Transfer (or other event), any Person who, but for the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH, would Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock in violation of the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH and, if appropriate in the context, shall also mean any Person who would have been the record owner of the shares of Capital Stock that the Prohibited Owner would have so owned.
REIT” shall mean a real estate investment trust within the meaning of Section 856 of the Code.
Restriction Termination Date” shall mean the first day after the Initial Date on which the Corporation determines pursuant to Part (g) of Article FIFTH that it is no longer in the best interests of the Corporation to attempt to, or continue to, qualify as a REIT or that compliance with the restrictions and limitations on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership and Transfers of shares of Capital Stock set forth herein is no longer required in order for the Corporation to qualify as a REIT.

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Transfer” shall mean any issuance, sale, transfer, gift, assignment, devise or other disposition, as well as any other event or change in circumstances that causes any Person to acquire or possess Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership, or any agreement to take any such actions or cause any such events, of Capital Stock or the right to vote or receive dividends on Capital Stock, including (a) the granting or exercise of any option (or any disposition of any option), (b) any disposition of any securities or rights convertible into or exchangeable for Capital Stock or any interest in Capital Stock or any exercise of any such conversion or exchange right and (c) Transfers of interests in other entities that result in changes in Beneficial or Constructive Ownership of Capital Stock; in each case, whether voluntary or involuntary, whether owned of record, Constructively Owned or Beneficially Owned and whether by operation of law or otherwise. The terms “Transferring” and “Transferred” shall have the correlative meanings.
Trust” shall mean any trust provided for in Part (c)(1) of this Article ELEVENTH.
Trustee” shall mean the Person unaffiliated with the Corporation and a Prohibited Owner, that is appointed by the Corporation to serve as trustee of the Trust.
(b)     Capital Stock.
(1)     Ownership Limitations. During the period commencing on the Initial Date and ending on the Restriction Termination Date:
(a)     Basic Restrictions.
(i) (1) No Person, other than an Excepted Holder, shall Beneficially Own or Constructively Own either shares of Capital Stock in excess of the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or shares of Common Stock in excess of the Common Stock Ownership Limit and (2) no Excepted Holder shall Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock in excess of the Excepted Holder Limit for such Excepted Holder.
(ii) No Person shall Beneficially or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock to the extent that such Beneficial or Constructive Ownership of Capital Stock would result in the Corporation being “closely held” within the meaning of Section 856(h) of the Code (without regard to whether the ownership interest is held during the last half of a taxable year), or otherwise failing to qualify as a REIT (including, but not limited to, Beneficial or Constructive Ownership to the extent that such Beneficial or Constructive Ownership would (i) result in the Corporation owning (actually or Constructively) an interest in a tenant that is described in Section 856(d)(2)(B) of the Code, or (ii) result in any Person failing to be an “independent contractor” (as defined in Section 856(d)(3) of the Code) with respect the Corporation if such failure would adversely affect the Corporation’s ability to qualify as a REIT. (For this purpose, a tenant from whom the Corporation (or an entity owned or controlled by the Corporation) derives (and is expected to continue to derive) a sufficiently small amount of revenue such that, in the opinion of the Board of Directors of the Corporation, rent from such

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tenant would not adversely affect the Corporation’s ability to qualify as a REIT, shall not be treated as a tenant of the Corporation)).
(iii) Notwithstanding any other provisions contained herein, any Transfer of shares of Capital Stock (whether or not such Transfer is the result of a transaction entered into through the facilities of the NYSE or any other national securities exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system) that, if effective, would result in the Capital Stock being Beneficially Owned by less than 100 Persons (determined under the principles of Section 856(a)(5) of the Code) shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such shares of Capital Stock.
(b)    Transfer in Trust. If any Transfer of shares of Capital Stock (whether or not such Transfer is the result of a transaction entered into through the facilities of the NYSE or any other national securities exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system) occurs which, if effective, would result in any Person Beneficially Owning or Constructively Owning shares of Capital Stock in violation of Part (b)(1)(a)(i) or (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH,
(i) then that number of shares of Capital Stock the Beneficial or Constructive Ownership of which otherwise would cause such Person to violate Part (b)(1)(a)(i) or (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH (rounded up to the nearest whole share) shall be automatically transferred to a Trust for the benefit of a Charitable Beneficiary, as described in Part (c) of this Article ELEVENTH, effective as of the close of business on the Business Day prior to the date of such Transfer (or other event), and such Person shall acquire no rights in such shares of Capital Stock; or
(ii) if the transfer to the Trust described in clause (i) of this sentence would not be effective for any reason to prevent the violation of Part (b)(1)(a)(i) or (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH, then the Transfer of that number of shares of Capital Stock that otherwise would cause any Person to violate Part (b)(1)(a)(i) or (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such shares of Capital Stock.
(iii) In determining which shares of Capital Stock are to be transferred to a Trust in accordance with this Part (b)(1)(b) and Part (c) of this Article ELEVENTH, shares shall be so transferred to a Trust in such manner that minimizes the aggregate value of the shares that are transferred to the Trust (except to the extent that the Board of Directors determines that the shares transferred to the Trust shall be those directly or indirectly held or Beneficially Owned or Constructively Owned by a Person or Persons that caused or contributed to the application of this Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH), and to the extent not inconsistent therewith, on a pro rata basis.
(iv) To the extent that, upon a transfer of shares of Capital Stock pursuant to this Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH, a violation of Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH would nonetheless be continuing (for example where the ownership of shares of Capital Stock by a single Trust would result in the Capital Stock being beneficially

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owned (determined under the principles of Section 856(a)(5) of the Code) by less than 100 Persons), then shares of Capital Stock shall be transferred to that number of Trusts, each having a distinct Trustee and a Charitable Beneficiary or Beneficiaries that are distinct from those of each other Trust, such that there is no violation of Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH.
(2)     Remedies for Breach. If the Board of Directors of the Corporation or any duly authorized committee thereof (or other designees if permitted by the GCL) shall at any time determine in good faith that a Transfer or other event has taken place that results in a violation of Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH or that a Person intends to acquire or has attempted to acquire Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of any shares of Capital Stock in violation of Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH (whether or not such violation is intended), the Board of Directors or a committee thereof (or other designees if permitted by the GCL) shall take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent such Transfer or other event, including, without limitation, causing the Corporation to redeem shares of Capital Stock, refusing to give effect to such Transfer on the books of the Corporation or instituting proceedings to enjoin such Transfer or other event; provided, however, that any Transfer or attempted Transfer or other event in violation of Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH shall automatically result in the transfer to the Trust described above and, where applicable, such Transfer (or other event) shall be void ab initio as provided above irrespective of any action (or non-action) by the Board of Directors or a committee thereof.
(3)    Notice of Restricted Transfer. Any Person who acquires or attempts or intends to acquire Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of shares of Capital Stock that will or may violate Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH or any Person who would have owned shares of Capital Stock that resulted in a transfer to the Trust pursuant to the provisions of Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH shall immediately give written notice to the Corporation of such event, or in the case of such a proposed or attempted transaction, give at least 15 days prior written notice, and shall provide to the Corporation such other information as the Corporation may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such Transfer on the Corporation’s qualification as a REIT.
(4)    Owners Required to Provide Information. From the Initial Date and prior to the Restriction Termination Date:
(a) every owner of five percent or more (or such lower percentage as required by the Code or the Treasury Regulations promulgated thereunder) in number or value of the outstanding shares of Capital Stock, within 30 days after the end of each taxable year, shall give written notice to the Corporation stating the name and address of such owner, the number of shares of Capital Stock and other shares of the Capital Stock Beneficially Owned and a description of the manner in which such shares are held. Each such owner shall promptly provide to the Corporation in writing such additional information as the Corporation may request in order to determine the effect, if any, of such Beneficial Ownership on the Corporation’s qualification as a REIT and to ensure compliance with the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit and the Common Stock Ownership Limit; and

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(b) each Person who is a Beneficial or Constructive Owner of Capital Stock and each Person (including the stockholder of record) who is holding Capital Stock for a Beneficial or Constructive Owner shall promptly provide to the Corporation in writing such information as the Corporation may request, in good faith, in order to determine the Corporation’s qualification as a REIT and to comply with requirements of any taxing authority or governmental authority or to determine such compliance and to ensure compliance with the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit and the Common Stock Ownership Limit.
(5)    Remedies Not Limited. Subject to Part (g) of Article FIFTH of the Certificate of Incorporation, nothing contained in this Article ELEVENTH shall limit the authority of the Board of Directors of the Corporation to take such other action as it deems necessary or advisable to protect the Corporation and the interests of its stockholders in preserving the Corporation’s qualification as a REIT.
(6)    Ambiguity. In the case of an ambiguity in the application of any of the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH, or any definition contained in Part (a) of this Article ELEVENTH, the Board of Directors of the Corporation shall have the power to determine the application of the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH or any such definition with respect to any situation based on the facts known to it. In the event this Article ELEVENTH requires an action by the Board of Directors and the Certificate of Incorporation fails to provide specific guidance with respect to such action, the Board of Directors shall have the power to determine the action to be taken so long as such action is not contrary to the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH. Absent a decision to the contrary by the Board of Directors (which the Board of Directors may make in its sole and absolute discretion), if a Person would have (but for the remedies set forth in this Article ELEVENTH) acquired Beneficial Ownership or Constructive Ownership of Capital Stock in violation of this Article ELEVENTH, such remedies (as applicable) shall apply first to the shares of Capital Stock that, but for such remedies, would have been actually owned by such Person, and second to shares of Capital Stock which, but for such remedies, would have been Beneficially Owned or Constructively Owned (but not actually owned) by such Person, pro rata among the Persons who actually own such shares of Capital Stock based upon the relative number of the shares of Capital Stock held by each such Person.
(7)    Exceptions.
(a) Subject to Part (b)(1) of this Article ELEVENTH, the Board of Directors of the Corporation, in its sole discretion, may exempt (prospectively or retroactively) a Person from the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit, the Common Stock Ownership Limit, or both such limits and may establish or increase an Excepted Holder Limit for such Person if:
(i) the Board of Directors obtains such representations and undertakings from such Person as are reasonably necessary to ascertain that no Person’s Beneficial or Constructive Ownership of such shares of Capital Stock will violate Part (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH;    
    (ii) such Person does not and represents that it will not own, actually or Constructively, an interest in a tenant of the Corporation (or a tenant of any entity

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owned or controlled by the Corporation) that would (i) cause the Corporation to own, actually or Constructively, more than a 9.9% interest (as set forth in Section 856(d)(2)(B) of the Code) in such tenant, or (ii) result in any Person failing to be an “independent contractor” (as defined in Section 856(d)(3) of the Code) with respect the Corporation if such failure would adversely affect the Corporation’s ability to qualify as a REIT, and the Board of Directors obtains such representations and undertakings from such Person as are reasonably necessary to ascertain this fact; and     
(iii) such Person agrees that any violation or attempted violation of such representations or undertakings (or other action which is contrary to the restrictions contained in Part (b) of this Article ELEVENTH) will result in such shares of Capital Stock being automatically transferred to a Trust in accordance with Part (b)(1)(b) and (c) of this Article ELEVENTH.
(b) Prior to granting any exception pursuant to Part (b)(7)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH, the Board of Directors of the Corporation may require a ruling from the Internal Revenue Service, or an opinion of counsel, in either case in form and substance satisfactory to the Board of Directors in its sole discretion, as it may deem necessary or advisable in order to determine or ensure the Corporation’s qualification as a REIT. Notwithstanding the receipt of any ruling or opinion, the Board of Directors may impose such conditions or restrictions as it deems appropriate in connection with granting such exception.
(c) Subject to Part (b)(1)(a)(ii) of this Article ELEVENTH, an underwriter or placement agent or someone acting in a similar capacity that participates in a public offering or a private placement of Capital Stock (or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Capital Stock) may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock (or securities convertible into or exchangeable for Capital Stock) in excess of the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit, the Common Stock Ownership Limit, or both such limits, but only to the extent necessary to facilitate such public offering or private placement.
(d) The Board of Directors may only reduce the Excepted Holder Limit for an Excepted Holder: (i) with the written consent of such Excepted Holder at any time, or (ii) pursuant to the terms and conditions of the agreements and undertakings entered into with such Excepted Holder in connection with the establishment of the Excepted Holder Limit for that Excepted Holder. No Excepted Holder Limit shall be reduced to a percentage that is less than the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or the Common Stock Ownership Limit, as the case may be.
(8)    Change in Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit and Common Stock Ownership Limit. The Board of Directors may from time to time increase or decrease the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit and Common Stock Ownership Limit; provided, however, that a decreased Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership Limit will not be effective for any Person whose percentage ownership of Capital Stock or Common Stock, as the case may be, is in excess of such decreased Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership Limit until such time as such Person’s percentage of Capital Stock or Common Stock, as the case may be, equals or falls below the decreased Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership, but until such time as such Person’s percentage of Capital Stock

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or Common Stock, as the case may be, falls below such decreased Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership Limit, any further acquisition of Capital Stock or Common Stock will be in violation of the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership Limit and, provided further, that the new Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or Common Stock Ownership Limit would not allow five or fewer individuals (as defined in Section 542(a)(2) of the Code and taking into account all Excepted Holders) to Beneficially Own more than 49.9% in value of the outstanding Capital Stock.
(9)    Legend. Each certificate for shares of Capital Stock shall bear substantially the following legend:
“The shares of any class or series of the Corporation’s stock (the “Capital Stock”) represented by this certificate are subject to restrictions on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership and Transfer (as each such capitalized term is defined in the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation, as the same may be amended from time to time (the “Certificate of Incorporation”)) for the purpose of the Corporation’s maintenance of its status as a real estate investment trust (a “REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”). Subject to certain further restrictions and except as expressly provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, (i) no Person (as defined in the Certificate of Incorporation) may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of the Corporation’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”) in excess of 9.8% (in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the total outstanding shares of Common Stock unless such Person is an Excepted Holder (as defined in the Certificate of Incorporation), in which case the Excepted Holder Limit (as defined in the Certificate of Incorporation) shall be applicable; (ii) no Person may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock in excess of 9.8% (in value or number of shares, whichever is more restrictive) of the total outstanding shares of Capital Stock, unless such Person is an Excepted Holder, in which case the Excepted Holder Limit shall be applicable; (iii) no Person may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock that would result in the Corporation being “closely held” under Section 856(h) of the Code or otherwise cause the Corporation to fail to qualify as a REIT; and (iv) any Transfer of shares of Capital Stock that, if effective, would result in the Capital Stock of the Corporation being owned by fewer than 100 Persons (determined under the principles of Section 856(a)(5) of the Code) shall be void ab initio, and the intended transferee shall acquire no rights in such shares of Capital Stock. Any Person who Beneficially Owns or Constructively Owns, or attempts to Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock which causes or will cause a Person to Beneficially Own or Constructively Own shares of Capital Stock in excess or in violation of the above limitations must immediately notify the Corporation or, in the case of such a proposed or attempted transaction, give at least 15 days prior written notice. If any of the above restrictions on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership or Transfer described in (i) through (iii) above are violated, the shares of Capital Stock in excess or in violation of the above limitation will be automatically transferred to a Trust (as defined in the Certificate of Incorporation) for the benefit of one or more Charitable Beneficiaries (as defined in the Certificate of Incorporation). In addition, the Board of Directors shall take such action as it deems advisable to refuse to give effect to or to prevent such Transfer or other event, including, without limitation, causing the Corporation to redeem shares of Capital Stock; provided,

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however, that any Transfer or attempted Transfer or other event in violation of the above restrictions on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership and Transfer shall automatically result in the above transfer to the Trust and, where applicable, such Transfer (or other event) shall be void ab initio as provided above irrespective of any action (or non-action) by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may, pursuant to Part (b)(8) of Article ELEVENTH of the Certificate of Incorporation, increase or decrease the percentage of Common Stock or Capital Stock that a person may Beneficially Own or Constructively Own.
A copy of the Certificate of Incorporation, including the above restrictions on Beneficial Ownership, Constructive Ownership and Transfer, will be furnished to each holder of Capital Stock on request and without charge. Requests for such a copy may be directed to the Secretary of the Corporation at its principal office or to the Transfer Agent and Registrar.”
Instead of the foregoing legend, the certificate may state that the Corporation will furnish a full statement about certain restrictions on transferability to a stockholder on request and without charge.
(c)    Transfer of Capital Stock in Trust.
(1)    Ownership in Trust. Upon any purported Transfer or other event described in Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH that would result in a transfer of shares of Capital Stock to a Trust, such shares of Capital Stock shall be deemed to have been transferred to the Trustee as trustee of a Trust for the exclusive benefit of one or more Charitable Beneficiaries. Such transfer to the Trustee shall be deemed to be effective as of the close of business on the Business Day prior to the purported Transfer or other event that results in the transfer to the Trust pursuant to Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH. The Trustee shall be appointed by the Corporation and shall be a Person unaffiliated with the Corporation and any Prohibited Owner. Each Charitable Beneficiary shall be designated by the Corporation as provided in Part (c)(6) of this Article ELEVENTH.
(2)    Status of Shares Held by the Trustee. Shares of Capital Stock held by the Trustee shall continue to be issued and outstanding shares of Capital Stock of the Corporation. The Prohibited Owner shall have no rights in the shares of Capital Stock held by the Trustee. The Prohibited Owner shall not benefit economically from ownership of any shares held in trust by the Trustee, shall have no rights to dividends or other distributions and shall not possess any rights to vote or other rights attributable to the shares held in the Trust.
(3)    Dividend and Voting Rights. The Trustee shall have all voting rights and rights to dividends or other distributions with respect to shares of Capital Stock held in the Trust, which rights shall be exercised for the exclusive benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary. Any dividend or other distribution paid to a Prohibited Owner prior to the discovery by the Corporation that the shares of Capital Stock have been transferred to the Trustee shall be paid with respect to such shares of Capital Stock by the Prohibited Owner to the Trustee upon demand and any dividend or other distribution authorized but unpaid shall be paid when due to the Trustee. Any dividend or distribution so paid to the Trustee shall be held in trust for the Charitable Beneficiary. The Prohibited Owner shall have no voting rights with respect to shares

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held in the Trust and, subject to the GCL, effective as of the date that the shares of Capital Stock have been transferred to the Trustee, the Trustee shall have the authority (at the Trustee’s sole discretion) (i) to rescind as void any vote cast by a Prohibited Owner prior to the discovery by the Corporation that the shares of Capital Stock have been transferred to the Trustee and (ii) to recast such vote in accordance with the desires of the Trustee acting for the benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary; provided, however, that if the Corporation has already taken irreversible corporate action, then the Trustee shall not have the authority to rescind and recast such vote. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH, until the Corporation has received notification that shares of Capital Stock have been transferred into a Trust, the Corporation shall be entitled to rely on its share transfer and other stockholder records for purposes of preparing lists of stockholders entitled to vote at meetings, determining the validity and authority of proxies and otherwise conducting votes of stockholders.
(4)    Sale of Shares by Trustee. Within 20 days of receiving notice from the Corporation that shares of Capital Stock have been transferred to the Trust, the Trustee of the Trust shall sell the shares held in the Trust to a person, designated by the Trustee, whose ownership of the shares will not violate the ownership limitations set forth in Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH. Upon such sale, the interest of the Charitable Beneficiary in the shares sold shall terminate and the Trustee shall distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner and to the Charitable Beneficiary as provided in this Part (c)(4) of this Article ELEVENTH. The Prohibited Owner shall receive the lesser of (i) the price paid by the Prohibited Owner for the shares or, if the Prohibited Owner did not give value for the shares in connection with the event causing the shares to be held in the Trust (e.g., in the case of a gift, devise or other such transaction), the Market Price of the shares on the day of the event causing the shares to be held in the Trust and (ii) the price per share received by the Trustee (net of any commissions and other expenses of sale) from the sale or other disposition of the shares held in the Trust. The Trustee may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and distributions paid to the Prohibited Owner and owed by the Prohibited Owner to the Trustee pursuant to Part (c)(3) of this Article ELEVENTH. Any net sales proceeds in excess of the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner shall be immediately paid to the Charitable Beneficiary. If, prior to the discovery by the Corporation that shares of Capital Stock have been transferred to the Trustee, such shares are sold by a Prohibited Owner, then (a) such shares shall be deemed to have been sold on behalf of the Trust and (b) to the extent that the Prohibited Owner received an amount for such shares that exceeds the amount that such Prohibited Owner was entitled to receive pursuant to this Part (c)(4) of this Article ELEVENTH, such excess shall be paid to the Trustee upon demand.
(5)    Purchase Right in Stock Transferred to the Trustee. Shares of Capital Stock transferred to the Trustee shall be deemed to have been offered for sale to the Corporation, or its designee, at a price per share equal to the lesser of (i) the price per share in the transaction that resulted in such transfer to the Trust (or, in the case of a devise or gift, the Market Price at the time of such devise or gift) and (ii) the Market Price on the date the Corporation, or its designee, accepts such offer. The Corporation may reduce the amount payable to the Prohibited Owner by the amount of dividends and distributions paid to the Prohibited Owner and owed by the Prohibited Owner to the Trustee pursuant to Part (c)(3) of this Article

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ELEVENTH. The Corporation may pay the amount of such reduction to the Trustee for the benefit of the Charitable Beneficiary. The Corporation shall have the right to accept such offer until the Trustee has sold the shares held in the Trust pursuant to Part (c)(4) of this Article ELEVENTH. Upon such a sale to the Corporation, the interest of the Charitable Beneficiary in the shares sold shall terminate and the Trustee shall distribute the net proceeds of the sale to the Prohibited Owner and any dividends or other distributions held by the Trustee shall be paid to the Charitable Beneficiary.
(6)     Designation of Charitable Beneficiaries. By written notice to the Trustee, the Corporation shall designate one or more nonprofit organizations to be the Charitable Beneficiary of the interest in the Trust such that (i) the shares of Capital Stock held in the Trust would not violate the restrictions set forth in Part (b)(1)(a) of this Article ELEVENTH in the hands of such Charitable Beneficiary and (ii) each such organization must be described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Code and contributions to each such organization must be eligible for deduction under each of Sections 170(b)(1)(A), 2055 and 2522 of the Code. Neither the failure of the Corporation to make such designation nor the failure of the Corporation to appoint the Trustee before the automatic transfer provided for in Part (b)(1)(b) of this Article ELEVENTH shall make such transfer ineffective, provided that the Corporation thereafter makes such designation and appointment.
(d)    NYSE Transactions. Nothing in this Article ELEVENTH shall preclude the settlement of any transaction entered into through the facilities of the NYSE or any other national securities exchange or automated inter-dealer quotation system. The fact that the settlement of any transaction occurs shall not negate the effect of any other provision of this Article ELEVENTH and any transferee in such a transaction shall be subject to all of the provisions and limitations set forth in this Article ELEVENTH.
(e)    Enforcement. The Corporation is authorized specifically to seek equitable relief, including injunctive relief, to enforce the provisions of this Article ELEVENTH.
(f)    Non-Waiver. No delay or failure on the part of the Corporation or the Board of Directors in exercising any right hereunder shall operate as a waiver of any right of the Corporation or the Board of Directors, as the case may be, except to the extent specifically waived in writing.
(g)    Severability. If any provision of this Article ELEVENTH or any application of any such provision is determined to be invalid by any federal or state court having jurisdiction over the issues, the validity of the remaining provisions shall not be affected and other applications of such provisions shall be affected only to the extent necessary to comply with the determination of such court.
TWELFTH:     The Corporation expressly elects not to be governed by Section 203 of GCL.
THIRTEENTH: The Corporation reserves the right to amend, alter or repeal any provision contained in this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation in the manner

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now or hereafter prescribed in this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation, the Bylaws or the GCL, and all rights herein conferred upon stockholders are granted subject to such reservation; provided, however, that, notwithstanding any other provision of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (and in addition to any other vote that may be required by law), the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote thereon shall be required to amend, alter or repeal, or to adopt any provision as part of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation inconsistent with the purpose and intent of Articles FIFTH, EIGHTH or TENTH of this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation or this Article THIRTEENTH.
[Signature page follows]

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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Corporation has caused this Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation to be executed on its behalf this 13th day of June, 2019.

NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.


By:    /s/ Lori B. Marino        
Name:    Lori B. Marino
Title:    Executive Vice President,
General Counsel and Secretary






Exhibit A

CERTIFICATE OF DESIGNATION OF

SERIES A CUMULATIVE PERPETUAL PREFERRED STOCK OF
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.

Pursuant to Section 151 of the
General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware
New Senior Investment Group Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Corporation”), certifies that pursuant to the authority contained in its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (as amended from time to time, the “Certificate of Incorporation”), and in accordance with the provisions of Section 151 of the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “DGCL”), a duly authorized committee (the “Special Committee”) of the Board of Directors of the Corporation (the “Board of Directors”), on December 21, 2018, duly approved and adopted the following resolution, which resolution remains in full force and effect on the date hereof:
RESOLVED, that pursuant to the authority vested in the Special Committee by resolutions of the Board of Directors, the Special Committee does hereby designate, create, authorize and provide for out of the 100,000,000 shares of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, authorized in Article Fourth of the Certificate of Incorporation, the issue of a series of preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Preferred Stock”), having the following powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights, and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof:
Section 1.Designation. The shares of such series of Preferred Stock shall be designated as Series A Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Series A Preferred Stock”), with a liquidation preference amount of $100 per share (the “Liquidation Preference”). For the avoidance of doubt, the Liquidation Preference shall not be subject to any upward or downward adjustment except as set forth in Section 11(a). The Series A Preferred Stock shall rank, with respect to payment of dividends and distributions, and the distribution of assets upon the voluntary or involuntary liquidation, winding-up or dissolution (a “Liquidation”) of the Corporation, (a) senior to the common stock of the Corporation (the “Common Stock”), whether now outstanding or hereafter issued, and to each other class or series of stock of the Corporation (including any class or series of preferred stock established after December 31, 2018 (the “Issue Date”) by the Board of Directors) the terms of which do not expressly provide that such class or series ranks senior to, or pari passu with, the Series A Preferred Stock as to payment of dividends and distributions, and the distribution of assets upon the Liquidation of the Corporation (collectively, “Junior Stock”); (b) pari passu with each other class or series of stock of the Corporation (including any class or series of preferred stock established after the Issue Date by the Board of Directors) the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series ranks pari passu with the Series A Preferred Stock as to payment of

I



dividends and distributions, and the distribution of assets upon any Liquidation of the Corporation (collectively, “Parity Stock”); and (c) junior to each other class or series of stock of the Corporation (including any class or series of preferred stock established after the Issue Date by the Board of Directors) the terms of which expressly provide that such class or series ranks senior to the Series A Preferred Stock as to payment of dividends and distributions, and the distribution of assets upon any Liquidation of the Corporation (collectively, “Senior Stock”). The Corporation’s ability to issue Parity Stock and Senior Stock shall be subject to the provisions of Section 5.
Section 2.    Number of Shares. The number of authorized shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be 400,000. Such number may, from time to time, be increased (but not in excess of the total number of authorized shares of Preferred Stock) or decreased (but not below the number of shares of Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding) by further resolution duly adopted by the Board of Directors and in a manner permitted by the DGCL and the terms provided herein.
Section 3.    Dividends.
(a)    Rate. Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be entitled to receive cash dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock at a rate per annum of 6.00% (the “Dividend Rate”) per share on the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such share for all prior Dividend Payment Periods (as defined below). Dividends shall be cumulative and payable quarterly in arrears on the fifteenth (15th) calendar day (or the following Business Day if the fifteenth (15th) calendar day is not a Business Day) of January, April, July and October of each year (commencing on April 15, 2019) (each such date, a “Dividend Payment Date”, and the period from and including the Issue Date to the first Dividend Payment Date and each such quarterly period thereafter beginning on the day after the immediately preceding Dividend Payment Date and ending on and including the immediately following Dividend Payment Date are each referred to herein as a “Dividend Payment Period”); provided that if the declaration and payment of such dividends is not permitted either (x) under applicable law because the Corporation does not have sufficient profits, surplus or other funds legally available for the payment of such dividends or (y) under the terms of the Corporate Credit Facility (as defined below) (provided that, in the case of clause (y), the Corporation has also suspended the payment of any and all dividends on all other classes and series of capital stock of the Corporation), such dividends shall not be required to be declared or be paid or payable on such Dividend Payment Date, and instead, such dividends shall be declared, become payable and be paid on the first succeeding Dividend Payment Date on which the Corporation is not prohibited from declaring and paying such dividends (and, for the avoidance of doubt, such dividends shall be payable in addition to, and not in lieu of, any dividends which would otherwise be payable on such succeeding Dividend Payment Date); provided, further, that accrued and unpaid dividends for any prior quarterly period may be paid at any time. Dividends, whether or not declared by the Board of Directors and whether or not there are profits, surplus or other funds of the Corporation legally available therefor, will accrue at the Dividend Rate on a daily basis from and including the Issue Date and computed on the basis of a 365-day year and the actual number of days elapsed for any Dividend Payment Period.

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(b)    Payment. The Corporation shall either pay the dividends payable on each Dividend Payment Date entirely in cash or, if the Corporation does not pay such Dividends entirely in cash on any Dividend Payment Date, then such accrued and unpaid dividends on each share of Series A Preferred Stock shall be accumulated and shall remain as an amount of accrued and unpaid Dividends on such share until paid in cash to the Holder thereof. Dividends shall accumulate whether or not in any Dividend Payment Period there have been profits, surplus or other funds of the Corporation legally available for the payment of such Dividends. If the Corporation does not pay Dividends entirely in cash on any Dividend Payment Date, then, not less than ten (10) days prior to such Dividend Payment Date, the Corporation (or Transfer Agent) shall provide to the Holders of record as of the applicable Dividend Record Date (as defined below), by first class mail, postage prepaid, addressed to the Holders of record at their respective last addresses appearing on the stock ledger of the Corporation, a statement setting forth the aggregate amount of accrued and unpaid dividends for such Dividend Payment Period and all prior Dividend Payment Periods with respect to each share of Series A Preferred Stock. Each dividend paid in cash shall be paid by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the account(s) designated by each Holder in writing given to the Corporation from time to time.
(c)    Record Date. Dividends shall be payable (i) in the case of dividends paid in cash on a Dividend Payment Date, to the Holders of record at the close of business on the last Business Day of the calendar month immediately preceding the month during which the Dividend Payment Date falls and (ii) in the case of dividends that are initially not paid in cash and instead accumulated and subsequently paid upon a payment date established by the Corporation for such purpose, to the Holders of record the date that is ten (10) days prior to the applicable payment date of such accumulated and unpaid dividends (each such record date, a “Dividend Record Date”). For clarity, in the case of payments pursuant to Section 4 in connection with a Liquidation or pursuant to Section 6 in connection with a redemption, such payments (including in respect of dividends that are initially not paid in cash and instead accumulated) shall be made to Holders in accordance with such Sections.
(d)    Payment Restrictions. No dividends or other distributions (other than a dividend or distribution payable solely in shares of Parity Stock or Junior Stock (in the case of Parity Stock) or Junior Stock (in the case of Junior Stock) and other than cash paid in lieu of fractional shares) may be declared, made or paid, or set apart for payment upon, any Parity Stock or Junior Stock, nor may any Parity Stock or Junior Stock be redeemed, purchased or otherwise acquired for any consideration (or any money paid to or made available for a sinking fund for the redemption of any Parity Stock or Junior Stock) by or on behalf of the Corporation (except by conversion into or exchange for shares of Parity Stock or Junior Stock (in the case of Parity Stock) or Junior Stock (in the case of Junior Stock)), unless all accrued and unpaid dividends shall have been or contemporaneously are declared and paid, or are declared and a sum of cash sufficient for the payment thereof is set apart in a segregated account for such payment, on all issued and outstanding Series A Preferred Stock and any Parity Stock for all Dividend Payment Periods ending on or prior to the date of such declaration, payment, redemption, purchase or acquisition. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if full cumulative and unpaid dividends have not been paid on the Series A Preferred Stock and any Parity Stock, dividends may be declared and paid on the Series A Preferred Stock and such Parity Stock so long as the dividends are declared

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and paid pro rata so that the per share amount of dividends declared on the Series A Preferred Stock and such Parity Stock will in all cases bear to each other the same ratio that accrued and unpaid dividends per share on the shares of Series A Preferred Stock and such other Parity Stock bear to each other. Subject to the foregoing, dividends (payable in cash, stock or otherwise) as may be determined by the Board of Directors may be declared and paid on the Common Stock and any Parity Stock or Junior Stock, from time to time out of the funds of the Corporation legally available therefor, and the Series A Preferred Stock shall not be entitled to participate in any such dividends.
Section 4.    Liquidation Preference. In the event of any Liquidation of the Corporation, each Holder shall be entitled to receive out of the assets of the Corporation or proceeds thereof available for distribution to stockholders of the Corporation (whether capital or surplus), before any distribution of assets is made on the Common Stock or any other Junior Stock, an amount per share of Series A Preferred Stock held by such Holder equal to the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such share through and including the date of such Liquidation of the Corporation. Without limiting the provisions set forth in Section 6(c) below, none of (i) the sale of all or substantially all of the property or business of the Corporation (other than in connection with the Liquidation of the Corporation), (ii) the merger, division, conversion or consolidation of the Corporation into or with any other Person or (iii) the merger, division, conversion or consolidation of any other Person into or with the Corporation, shall constitute a Liquidation of the Corporation for the purposes of the immediately preceding sentence.
If the assets of the Corporation available for distribution to the Holders upon any Liquidation of the Corporation shall be insufficient to pay in full all amounts to which such Holders are entitled pursuant to this Section 4, no such distribution shall be made on account of any shares of Parity Stock upon such Liquidation unless proportionate distributable amounts shall be paid on account of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock, ratably, in proportion to the full distributable amounts for which such Holders and holders of any Parity Stock are entitled upon such Liquidation, with the amount allocable to each class or series of such stock determined on a pro rata basis of the aggregate liquidation preference of the outstanding shares of each class or series and accrued and unpaid dividends to which each class or series is entitled.
After the payment to the Holders of the full preferential amounts provided for in this Section 4, such Holders such shall have no right or claim to any of the remaining assets of the Corporation.
Section 5.    Voting Rights. Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock will not have any voting rights, including the right to elect any directors, except (i) voting rights, if any, required by law, and (ii) voting rights, if any, described in this Section 5. So long as any Series A Preferred Stock is outstanding, in addition to any other vote of stockholders of the Corporation required under applicable law or the Certificate of Incorporation, the affirmative vote or consent of the Holders of at least a majority of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock, voting separately as a single class, will be required to (i) alter or amend this Certificate of Designation (whether by amendment, merger or otherwise), (ii) alter or amend the provisions of the

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Certificate of Incorporation (whether by amendment, merger or otherwise) so as to adversely affect the powers, preferences, privileges or rights of the Holders of Series A Preferred Stock, (iii) authorize, create, issue or increase the authorized amount of, or any obligation or security convertible into or evidencing a right to purchase, any Series A Preferred Stock, Parity Stock or Senior Stock, (iv) classify or reclassify any authorized stock of the Corporation into any Parity Stock or Senior Stock, or any obligation or security convertible into or evidencing a right to purchase any Senior Stock or (v) enter into any contractual arrangements by the Corporation, other than the Corporate Credit Facility, that by their terms prohibit or restrict the payment of dividends by the Corporation with respect to the Series A Preferred Stock. For the avoidance of doubt, no such vote shall be required for the Corporation to authorize, create, issue or increase in the authorized amount of any capital stock or obligation or security not otherwise prohibited by clause (iii) of the preceding sentence.
Section 6.    Redemption.
(a)Redemption at the Option of the Corporation.
(i)    The Corporation, at the option of the Board of Directors, may redeem the Series A Preferred Stock in whole (but not in part), at a redemption price per share equal to the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such share up to but excluding the Corporation Redemption Date (as defined below), payable in cash out of funds of the Corporation legally available therefor.
(ii)    In the event the Corporation shall determine to redeem the Series A Preferred Stock pursuant to this Section 6(a), the Corporation will give notice of any such redemption (a “Corporation Notice of Redemption”) by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock not less than ten (10) Business Days prior to the date on which such shares of Series A Preferred Stock are to be redeemed (the “Corporation Redemption Date”), including instructions for redemption. The Notice of Redemption shall specify the Corporation Redemption Date, the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(a) and the place or places of payment. Failure to give notice to any Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock shall not affect the validity of the proceedings for the redemption of shares of any other Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock being redeemed.
(iii)    On the date of any such redemption, the Corporation shall pay to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(a), and on the Corporation Redemption Date, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption shall cease to accrue and such Series A Preferred Stock so redeemed will no longer be deemed outstanding, whether or not the certificates therefor have been surrendered, and all rights of the Holders thereof will cease (other than the right to receive payment of the redemption price by following the redemption instructions).
(iv)    Nothing contained in this Section 6 shall limit any legal right of the Corporation to purchase or otherwise acquire any shares of the Series A Preferred Stock.

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(b)    Redemption at the Option of the Holder. (i) On or after December 31, 2020, the Holders of a majority of the then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock will have the right to require the Corporation to redeem up to 50% of the then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock, and (ii) on or after December 31, 2021, the Holders of a majority of the then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock will have the right to require the Corporation to redeem up to 100% of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock, in each case, for cash at a redemption price per share equal to the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such shares being redeemed up to but excluding the Holder Redemption Date (as defined below), by giving the Corporation written notice (a “Holder Notice of Redemption”) of the exercise of such right and specifying the date, which shall not be less than ten (10) Business Days after the date of such notice, on which such redemption is to be made (the “Holder Redemption Date”). On the date of any such redemption, the Corporation shall pay to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(b) (which payment shall be made on a pro rata basis in the case of any partial redemption), and on the Holder Redemption Date, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption shall cease to accrue and such Series A Preferred Stock so redeemed will no longer be deemed outstanding, whether or not the certificates therefor have been surrendered, and all rights of the Holders thereof will cease (other than the right to receive payment of the redemption price by following the redemption instructions).
(c)    Mandatory Redemption. Upon a Change of Control of the Corporation, the Corporation shall redeem 100% of the outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock upon closing of such Change of Control transaction for cash at a redemption price per share equal to the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such share up to but excluding the closing date of such Change of Control transaction (the “Change of Control Redemption Date”, and any Change of Control Redemption Date, Corporation Redemption Date or Holder Redemption Date, the “Redemption Date”). In the event of a Change of Control, the Corporation will give a notice (a “Change of Control Notice of Redemption”, and any Change of Control Notice of Redemption, Corporation Notice of Redemption or Holder Notice of Redemption, a “Notice of Redemption”) by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock not less than ten (10) Business Days prior to the Change of Control Redemption Date, including instructions for redemption; provided, that the Change of Control Notice of Redemption given pursuant to this Section 6(c) may be made in advance of a Change of Control, conditioned upon the consummation of such Change of Control, if a definitive agreement is in place for the Change of Control at the time the Change of Control Notice of Redemption is given. The Change of Control Notice of Redemption shall specify the Change of Control Redemption Date, the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(c), and the place or places of payment. Failure to give notice to any Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock shall not affect the validity of the proceedings for the redemption of shares of any other Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock being redeemed. On the date of any such redemption, the Corporation shall pay to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(c), and on the Change of Control Redemption Date, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption shall cease to accumulate

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and such Series A Preferred Stock so redeemed will no longer be deemed outstanding, whether or not the certificates therefor have been surrendered, and all rights of the Holders thereof will cease (other than the right to receive the payment of the redemption price by following the redemption instructions). If applicable law does not permit the Corporation to consummate such mandatory redemption because the Corporation does not have sufficient assets or funds legally available therefor, then upon such Change of Control, all then outstanding shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall be purchased from the Holders by the acquiring person in such Change of Control for cash at a price per share of Series A Preferred Stock equal to the same then applicable mandatory redemption price set forth in this Section 6(c).
(d)    Constructive Redemption. After the Notice of Redemption shall have been mailed, the Corporation may irrevocably deposit, for the pro rata benefit of the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption pursuant to Section 6(a), 6(b) or 6(c), as applicable, the funds necessary for such redemption (including funds sufficient to pay in cash any dividends that would accrue up to the applicable Redemption Date) (such funds, the “Constructive Redemption Amount”) in a segregated escrow account with a bank or trust company selected by the Board of Directors (which may not be an Affiliate of the Corporation) that has a capital and surplus of at least $250,000,000, with such escrow arrangements providing for the irrevocable release and payment of such funds to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption. No interest shall accrue for the benefit of the Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed on such Constructive Redemption Amount so set aside by the Corporation. The payment obligations of the Corporation under Section 6(a), 6(b) or 6(c), as applicable, shall be deemed to be satisfied and discharged upon the irrevocable deposit of the Constructive Redemption Amount in accordance with the terms of this Section 6(d). Subject to applicable escheat laws, any portion of the Constructive Redemption Amount unclaimed at the end of two years from the Redemption Date shall revert to the general funds of the Corporation, after which reversion the Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock so called for redemption shall look only to the general funds of the Corporation for the payment of such Constructive Redemption Amount.
(e)    Real Estate Investment Trust Status; REIT Status Redemption. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Certificate of Designation, (i) the Series A Preferred Stock shall be subject to the provisions of Article Eleventh of the Certificate of Incorporation, including the provisions thereof requiring shares of Capital Stock (including Series A Preferred Stock) Beneficially or Constructively Owned by a stockholder in excess of the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit to automatically be transferred to a Trust for the benefit of a Charitable Beneficiary, and the Board of Directors and the Corporation shall have all rights and remedies provided in Article Eleventh of the Certificate of Incorporation, and (ii) without limiting the foregoing, the Corporation, at any time at the option of the Board of Directors, may redeem all or any portion of the Series A Preferred Stock, at a redemption price per share equal to the sum of (x) the Liquidation Preference plus (y) all accrued and unpaid dividends with respect to such shares being redeemed up to but excluding the REIT Status Redemption Date (as defined below), to the extent the Board of Directors determines in its sole discretion that such redemption is necessary or desirable to minimize the likelihood that any Person’s ownership of Series A Preferred Stock would cause a violation of the Aggregate Stock Ownership Limit or

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would otherwise jeopardize the Corporation’s status as a real estate investment trust for U.S. federal income tax purposes. In the event the Corporation shall determine to redeem all or any portion of the Series A Preferred Stock pursuant to this Section 6(e), the Corporation will give notice of any such redemption (a “REIT Status Notice of Redemption”) by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the Holders of record of such shares of Series A Preferred Stock not less than ten (10) Business Days prior to the date on which such shares of Series A Preferred Stock are to be redeemed (the “REIT Status Redemption Date”), including instructions for redemption. The REIT Status Notice of Redemption shall specify the REIT Status Redemption Date, the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(e) and the place or places of payment. Failure to give notice to any Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock shall not affect the validity of the proceedings for the redemption of shares of any other Holder of record of the Series A Preferred Stock being redeemed. On the date of any such redemption, the Corporation shall pay to the Holders of record of the Series A Preferred Stock to be redeemed the redemption price determined in accordance with this Section 6(e), and on the REIT Status Redemption Date, dividends on the Series A Preferred Stock called for redemption shall cease to accrue and such Series A Preferred Stock so redeemed will no longer be deemed outstanding, whether or not the certificates therefor have been surrendered, and all rights of the Holders thereof will cease (other than the right to receive payment of the redemption price by following the redemption instructions). Capitalized terms used in this Section 6(e) but not defined in this Certificate of Designation shall have the meaning given to such terms in the Certificate of Incorporation.
Section 7.    Preemption and Conversion. Holders of shares of Series A Preferred Stock are not entitled to any preemptive, conversion or subscription rights in respect of any shares of capital stock or other securities of the Corporation.
Section 8.    Reacquired Shares. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock that have been issued and redeemed or otherwise purchased or acquired by the Corporation shall be restored to the status of authorized but unissued shares of Preferred Stock without designation as to series.
Section 9.    Transfer of Shares.
(a)    Compliance with Securities Laws. The shares of Series A Preferred Stock have not been registered under the Securities Act or any other applicable securities laws and may not be offered or sold except in compliance with the registration requirements of the Securities Act and any other applicable securities laws, or pursuant to an exemption from registration under the Securities Act and any other applicable securities laws, or in a transaction not subject to such laws.
(b)    Legend. Each certificate representing shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall contain a legend substantially in the form of the Restricted Legend (or shall otherwise be subject to the Restricted Legend if issued in book-entry form). The Restricted Legend shall not be removed unless there is delivered to the Corporation and the Transfer Agent such satisfactory evidence, which may include an Opinion of Counsel licensed to practice law in the State of New York, as may be reasonably required by the Corporation, that such shares of Series A Preferred Stock are not “restricted securities” within the meaning of Rule 144 under the Securities Act or

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may be transferred without any restrictions or conditions under that Rule. Upon provision of such satisfactory evidence, the Transfer Agent, at the direction of the Corporation, shall countersign and deliver shares of Series A Preferred Stock that do not bear the Restricted Legend (or shall otherwise remove the Restricted Legend if such shares are issued in book-entry form). The Corporation will refuse to register any transfer of shares of Series A Preferred Stock that is not made in accordance with the provisions of this Section 9.
Section 10.    Definitions. As used herein, the following terms shall have the following respective meanings; provided, that any capitalized term used but not defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in the Certificate of Incorporation:
(a)    Affiliate” shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
(b)    Business Day” means any day, other than a Saturday or Sunday, that is neither a legal holiday nor a day on which banking institutions in New York City are authorized or required by law, regulation or executive order to close.
(c)    Change of Control” means (i) the sale, lease, transfer, conveyance or other disposition (other than by way of merger or consolidation), in one or a series of related transactions, of all or substantially all of the assets of the Corporation and its Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, to any “person” (as such term is used in Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“1934 Act”) or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) or Section 14(d)(2) of the 1934 Act) that does not include the Holder of a majority of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding or any Affiliate of such Holder; (ii) the consolidation, merger or other business combination of the Corporation with or into any other entity, immediately following which the prior stockholders of the Corporation fail to own, directly or indirectly, at least 50% of the voting equity of the surviving entity in such transaction; or (iii) the consummation of a transaction or series of transactions (including, without limitation, any merger, consolidation, tender offer, exchange offer or any other similar transaction) the result of which is that any “person” (as such term is used in Section 13(d)(3) of the 1934 Act) or group (within the meaning of Section 13(d)(3) or Section 14(d)(2) of the 1934 Act), that does not include the Holder of a majority of the shares of Series A Preferred Stock then outstanding or any Affiliate of such Holder, becomes the “beneficial owner” (as such term is defined in Rule 13d–3 and Rule 13d–5 under the 1934 Act), directly or indirectly, of 50% or more of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation.
(d)    Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time.
(e)    Corporate Credit Facility” means that Senior Secured Revolving Credit Facility in the amount of $125 million, which may be increased up to a maximum aggregate amount of $300 million, the terms of which are governed by that certain Credit Agreement, dated as of December 13, 2018, among the Corporation, as borrower, KeyBank National Association, as agent, the lenders party thereto and KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc., as lead arranger, as such facility may be amended, modified, supplemented, refinanced or replaced from time to time.

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(f)    Holder” means the Person in whose name a share of Series A Preferred Stock is registered.
(g)    Opinion of Counsel” means a written opinion from legal counsel who is reasonably acceptable to the Corporation or the Transfer Agent. The counsel may be an employee of or counsel to the Corporation or the Transfer Agent.
(h)    Person” means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, estate, trust (including a trust qualified under Sections 401(a) or 501(c)(17) of the Code), a portion of a trust permanently set aside for or to be used exclusively for the purposes described in Section 642(c) of the Code, association, private foundation within the meaning of Section 509(a) of the Code, joint stock company or other entity and also includes a group as that term is used for purposes of Section 13(d)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and a group to which an Excepted Holder Limit applies.
(i)    Restricted Legend” means a legend to the following effect:
THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, OR SECURITIES LAWS OF ANY STATE AND MAY NOT BE TRANSFERRED, SOLD OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF EXCEPT PURSUANT TO A REGISTRATION STATEMENT RELATING THERETO IN EFFECT UNDER SUCH ACT AND APPLICABLE STATE SECURITIES LAWS OR PURSUANT TO AN EXEMPTION FROM REGISTRATION UNDER SUCH ACT OR SUCH LAWS.
(j)    Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
(k)    Subsidiary” means, with respect to any Person, (i) a corporation, a majority in voting power of whose capital stock with voting power, under ordinary circumstances, to elect directors is at the time, directly or indirectly owned by such Person, by a Subsidiary of such Person, or by such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, without regard to whether the voting of such capital stock is subject to a voting agreement or similar restriction, (ii) a partnership or limited liability company in which such Person or a Subsidiary of such Person is, at the date of determination, (A) in the case of a partnership, a general partner of such partnership with the power affirmatively to direct the policies and management of such partnership or (B) in the case of a limited liability company, the managing member or, in the absence of a managing member, a member with the power affirmatively to direct the policies and management of such limited liability company or (iii) any other Person (other than a corporation) in which such Person, a Subsidiary of such Person or such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, directly or indirectly, at the date of determination thereof, has (A) the power to elect or direct the election of a majority of the members of the governing body of such Person (whether or not such power is subject to a voting agreement or similar restriction) or (B) in the absence of such a governing body, a majority ownership interest.

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(l)    Transfer Agent” means American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, LLC unless and until a successor is selected by the Corporation, and then such successor.
Section 11.    Miscellaneous.
(a)    Each of the Liquidation Preference and any dividend rate set forth herein shall be subject to equitable adjustment whenever there shall occur a stock split, combination, reclassification or other similar event involving the Series A Preferred Stock. Such adjustments shall be determined in good faith by the Board of Directors (and such determination shall be conclusive and not subject to challenge by the Holders or any other party in the absence of bad faith) and submitted by the Board of Directors to the Transfer Agent.
(b)    Subject to applicable escheat laws, any monies set aside by the Corporation in respect of any payment with respect to shares of the Series A Preferred Stock, or dividends thereon, and unclaimed at the end of two years from the date upon which such payment is due and payable shall revert to the general funds of the Corporation, after which reversion the Holders of such shares shall look only to the general funds of the Corporation for the payment thereof. Any interest accrued on funds so deposited shall be paid to the Corporation from time to time.
(c)    Except as may otherwise be required by law, the shares of Series A Preferred Stock shall not have any voting powers, preferences or relative, participating, optional or other special rights, other than those specifically set forth in this Certificate of Designation.
(d)    The headings of the various subdivisions hereof are for convenience of reference only and shall not affect the interpretation of any of the provisions hereof.
(e)    If any of the voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights of the Series A Preferred Stock and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof set forth herein is invalid, unlawful or incapable of being enforced by reason of any rule of law or public policy, all other voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights of Series A Preferred Stock and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof set forth herein which can be given effect without the invalid, unlawful or unenforceable voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights of Series A Preferred Stock and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof shall, nevertheless, remain in full force and effect, and no voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights of Series A Preferred Stock and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof herein set forth shall be deemed dependent upon any other such voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional or other special rights of Series A Preferred Stock and qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof unless so expressed herein.
(f)    Whenever possible, each provision hereof shall be interpreted in a manner as to be effective and valid under applicable law, but if any provision hereof is held to be prohibited by or invalid under applicable law, such provision shall be ineffective only to the extent of such prohibition or invalidity, without invalidating or otherwise adversely affecting the

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remaining provisions hereof. If a court of competent jurisdiction should determine that a provision hereof would be valid or enforceable if a period of time were extended or shortened or a particular percentage were increased or decreased, then such court may make such change as shall be necessary to render the provision in question effective and valid under applicable law.
(g)    If any of the Series A Preferred Stock certificates shall be mutilated, lost, stolen or destroyed, the Corporation shall issue, in exchange and in substitution for and upon cancellation of the mutilated Series A Preferred Stock certificate, or in lieu of and substitution for the Series A Preferred Stock certificate lost, stolen or destroyed, a new Series A Preferred Stock certificate of like tenor and representing an equivalent amount of shares of Series A Preferred Stock, but only upon receipt of evidence of such loss, theft or destruction of such Series A Preferred Stock certificate and indemnity, if requested, reasonably satisfactory to the Corporation and the Transfer Agent.




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IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the Corporation has caused this Certificate of Designation to be duly executed this 31st day of December 2018.
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.
By:
/s/ Robert F. Savage    
Name:  Robert F. Savage
Title:  Chairman of the Special
Committee of the Board of
Directors        




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Section 3: EX-3.2 (EXHIBIT 3.2)

Exhibit
Exhibit 3.2


AMENDED AND RESTATED
BYLAWS
OF
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.
A Delaware Corporation

Effective June 13, 2019





TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
ARTICLE I

OFFICES
Section 1.1Registered Office    1
Section 1.2Other Offices    1
ARTICLE II

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS
Section 2.1Place of Meetings    1
Section 2.2Annual Meetings    1
Section 2.3Special Meetings    1
Section 2.4Notice    2
Section 2.5Adjournments    2
Section 2.6Waiver of Notice    2
Section 2.7Quorum    2
Section 2.8Organization    3
Section 2.9Voting    3
Section 2.10Proxies    3
Section 2.11Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting    4
Section 2.12List of Stockholders Entitled to Vote    4
Section 2.13Record Date    5
Section 2.14Stock Ledger    6
Section 2.15Meetings by Remote Communications    6
Section 2.16Reproductions    6
Section 2.17Conduct of Meetings    6
Section 2.18Inspectors of Election    7
Section 2.19Nature of Business at Meetings of Stockholders    7
Section 2.20Nomination of Directors    10
Section 2.21Requirement to Appear    13
ARTICLE III

DIRECTORS
Section 3.1Duties and Powers    14
Section 3.2Number and Election of Directors    14
Section 3.3Vacancies    15
Section 3.4Meetings    15
Section 3.5Organization    16

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Section 3.6Resignations and Removals of Directors    16
Section 3.7Quorum    17
Section 3.8Action at Meeting    17
Section 3.9Actions of the Board by Written Consent    17
Section 3.10Meetings by Means of Conference Telephone    17
Section 3.11Committees    17
Section 3.12Compensation    18
Section 3.13Interested Directors    18
ARTICLE IV

OFFICERS
Section 4.1General    19
Section 4.2Election    19
Section 4.3Voting Securities Owned by the Corporation    19
Section 4.4Chairman of the Board of Directors    19
Section 4.5Chief Executive Officer    20
Section 4.6Chief Financial Officer    20
Section 4.7Absence of the Chief Executive Officer.    21
Section 4.8Secretary    21
Section 4.9Treasurer    21
Section 4.10Other Officers    22
Section 4.11Resignation    22
Section 4.12Removal    22
ARTICLE V

STOCK
Section 5.1Issuance and Consideration    22
Section 5.2Form of Certificate.    22
Section 5.3Share Certificates    22
Section 5.4Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Certificates    23
Section 5.5Transfers    23
Section 5.6Record Owners    23
Section 5.7Dividend Record Date    23
Section 5.8Transfer and Registry Agents    24
Section 5.9Regulations    24
ARTICLE VI

NOTICES
Section 6.1Notices    24
Section 6.2Waivers of Notice    25

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ARTICLE VII

GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section 7.1Dividends    25
Section 7.2Disbursements    25
Section 7.3Fiscal Year    25
Section 7.4Records to be Kept    25
Section 7.5Execution of Instruments    26
Section 7.6Certificate of Incorporation    26
Section 7.7Construction    26
ARTICLE VIII
INVESTMENT POLICY
Section 8.1Investment Policy    26
ARTICLE IX

INDEMNIFICATION
Section 9.1Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings other than Those by or in the Right of the Corporation    26
Section 9.2Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation    27
Section 9.3Authorization of Indemnification    27
Section 9.4Good Faith Defined    28
Section 9.5Indemnification by a Court    28
Section 9.6Expenses Payable in Advance    28
Section 9.7Non-exclusivity of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses    29
Section 9.8Insurance    29
Section 9.9Certain Definitions    29
Section 9.10Survival of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses    30
Section 9.11Contractual Rights    30
Section 9.12Limitation on Indemnification    30
Section 9.13Indemnification of Employees and Agents    30
Section 9.14Severability    31
ARTICLE X

FORUM FOR ADJUDICATION OF CERTAIN DISPUTES
Section 10.1Forum for Adjudication of Certain Disputes    31

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ARTICLE XI

AMENDMENTS
Section 11.1Amendments    31
ARTICLE XII

DEFINITIONS
Section 12.1Certain Defined Terms    32




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AMENDED AND RESTATED BYLAWS
OF
NEW SENIOR INVESTMENT GROUP INC.
Adopted by the board of directors (the “Board of Directors”) of New Senior Investment Group Inc. (the “Corporation”) on October 16, 2014, as amended and restated by the Board of Directors effective as of June 13, 2019 (as amended and restated, the “Bylaws”).
ARTICLE I    

OFFICES
Section 1.1    Registered Office. The registered office of the Corporation shall be in the State of Delaware at 1209 Orange Street, Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware 19801; and the Corporation shall have and maintain at all times a registered agent located at such address whose name is The Corporation Trust Company, until changed from time to time as provided by the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware, as in effect from time to time (the “DGCL”).
Section 1.2    Other Offices. The Corporation may also have offices at such other places, both within and without the State of Delaware, as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine.
ARTICLE II    

MEETINGS OF STOCKHOLDERS
Section 2.1    Place of Meetings. All meetings of the stockholders for the election of directors or for any other purpose shall be held at such time and place, either within or without the State of Delaware, as shall be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may, in its sole discretion, determine that a meeting of the stockholders shall not be held at any place, but may instead be held solely by means of remote communication in the manner authorized by the DGCL.
Section 2.2    Annual Meetings. A meeting of the stockholders for the election of directors shall be held annually on such date and at such time as shall be designated from time to time by the Board of Directors (each, an “Annual Meeting”). Any other business prescribed by law, by the certificate of incorporation of the Corporation, as amended and restated from time to time (the “Certificate of Incorporation”), or elsewhere in these Bylaws may be transacted at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders.





Section 2.3    Special Meetings. Unless otherwise required by law or by the Certificate of Incorporation, special meetings of stockholders, for any purpose or purposes (a) may be called at any time by either (i) the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one or (ii) the Chief Executive Officer, if there be one, and (b) shall be called by the Chairman or Chief Executive Officer at the request in writing of (i) the Board of Directors or (ii) a committee of the Board of Directors that has been duly designated by the Board of Directors and whose powers include the authority to call such meetings. Such request shall state the purpose or purposes of the proposed meeting. At a special meeting of stockholders, only such business shall be conducted as shall be specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto).
Section 2.4    Notice. Except as otherwise provided by law, these Bylaws or the Certificate of Incorporation, whenever stockholders are required or permitted to take any action at a meeting, a written notice of the meeting shall be given in accordance with Section 6.1 hereof, which shall state the place, if any, date and hour of the meeting (or the means of remote communication, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person), describing the purpose or purposes for which the meeting is called. Unless otherwise required by law, such notice of any meeting shall be given not less than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting to each stockholder entitled to notice of and to vote at such meeting, except that, where any other minimum or maximum notice period for any action to be taken at such meeting is required under the DGCL, then such other minimum or maximum notice period shall control.
Section 2.5    Adjournments. Any meeting of the stockholders may be adjourned from time to time to reconvene at the same or some other place, and notice need not be given of any such adjourned meeting if the time and place, if any, thereof and the means of remote communications, if any, by which stockholders and proxyholders may be deemed to be present in person and vote at such adjourned meeting thereof are announced at the meeting at which the adjournment is taken. At the adjourned meeting, the Corporation may transact any business which might have been transacted at the original meeting. If the adjournment is for more than thirty (30) days, or if after the adjournment a new record date is fixed for the adjourned meeting, notice of the adjourned meeting in accordance with the requirements of Section 2.4 hereof shall be given to each stockholder of record entitled to notice of and to vote at the meeting.
Section 2.6    Waiver of Notice. Notice of any meeting of stockholders shall not be required to be given to any stockholder who shall attend such meeting in person or by proxy and who shall not, at the beginning of such meeting, object to the transaction of any business because the meeting has not been lawfully called or convened. Notice of any meeting of stockholders also shall not be required to be given to any stockholder who shall, either before or after the meeting, submit a

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signed waiver of notice or waive notice by electronic transmission, in person or by proxy. To the extent permitted by law, a stockholder’s attendance at a meeting, in person or by proxy, waives objection to consideration of a particular matter at the meeting that is not within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice, unless the stockholder objects to considering the matter when it is presented. Any stockholder so waiving notice of a meeting shall be bound by the proceedings of such meeting in all respects as if due notice thereof had been given.
Section 2.7    Quorum. Unless otherwise required by applicable law or the Certificate of Incorporation, the holders of a majority of the Corporation’s capital stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall constitute a quorum at all meetings of the stockholders for the transaction of business. Where a separate vote by one or more series or classes is required, a majority in voting power of the outstanding shares of such one or more series or classes present in person or by proxy shall constitute a quorum entitled to take action with respect to that vote on that matter. A quorum, once established, shall not be broken by the withdrawal of enough votes to leave less than a quorum. If, however, such quorum shall not be present or represented at any meeting of the stockholders, the stockholders entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall have power to adjourn the meeting from time to time, in the manner provided in Section 2.5 hereof, until a quorum shall be present or represented.
Section 2.8    Organization. Such person as the Chairman of the Board may have designated or, in the absence of such person, such person as the Board of Directors may have designated or, in the absence of such person, the Chief Executive Officer, or in the Chief Executive Officer’s absence, such person as may be chosen by the holders of a majority of the Corporation’s shares of capital stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote who are present, in person or by proxy, shall call to order any meeting of the stockholders and act as chairman of the meeting. In the absence of the Secretary, the secretary of the meeting shall be such person as the chairman of the meeting appoints.
Section 2.9    Voting. Unless otherwise required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws or permitted by the rules of any stock exchange on which the Corporation’s shares are listed and traded, any question brought before any meeting of the stockholders, other than the election of directors, shall be decided by the vote of the holders of a majority of the total number of votes of the Corporation’s capital stock present or represented at the meeting and entitled to vote on such question, voting as a single class. Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, and subject to Section 2.13(a) of this Article II, each stockholder present or represented at a meeting of the stockholders shall be entitled to cast one (1) vote for each share of the capital stock entitled to vote thereat held by such stockholder. Such votes may be cast in person or by proxy as provided in Section 2.10 of this Article II. The Board of Directors, in its discretion, or person

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acting as chairman of the meeting of the stockholders, in such person’s discretion, may require that any votes cast at such meeting shall be cast by written ballot.
Section 2.10    Proxies. Each stockholder entitled to vote at a meeting of the stockholders or to express consent or dissent to corporate action in writing without a meeting may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy, but no such proxy shall be voted upon after three years from its date, unless such proxy provides for a longer period. Any proxy to be used at a meeting of stockholders must be filed with the Secretary or the Secretary’s representative at or before the time of the meeting. Except as otherwise limited therein, proxies shall entitle the persons authorized thereby with respect to a meeting of stockholders to vote at any adjournment of such meeting but shall not be valid after final adjournment of such meeting. A proxy with respect to stock held in the name of two or more persons shall be valid if executed by one of them if the person signing appears to be acting on behalf of all the co-owners unless prior to exercise of the proxy the Corporation receives a specific written notice to the contrary from any one of them. Subject to the provisions of Section 212 of the DGCL and to any express limitation on the proxy’s authority provided in the appointment form, the Corporation is entitled to accept the proxy’s vote or other action as that of the stockholder making the appointment. Without limiting the manner in which a stockholder may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy, the following shall constitute a valid means by which a stockholder may grant such authority:
(a)    A stockholder may execute a writing authorizing another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy. Execution may be accomplished by the stockholder or such stockholder’s authorized officer, director, employee or agent signing such writing or causing such person’s signature to be affixed to such writing by any reasonable means, including, but not limited to, by facsimile or electronic signature.
(b)    A stockholder may authorize another person or persons to act for such stockholder as proxy by transmitting or authorizing the transmission of a facsimile, email or other means of electronic transmission to the person who will be the holder of the proxy or to a proxy solicitation firm, proxy support service organization or like agent duly authorized by the person who will be the holder of the proxy to receive such transmission, provided that any such facsimile, email, or other means of electronic transmission must either set forth or be submitted with information from which it can be determined that such transmission was authorized by the stockholder. If it is determined that such facsimile, email, or other means of electronic transmission is valid, the inspectors or, if there are no inspectors, such other persons making that determination shall specify the information on which they relied.
Section 2.11    Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting. Subject to the provisions of the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation, any action required or permitted to be taken by the stockholders of the Corporation at any meeting of stockholders may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth

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the action so taken, is signed by all the stockholders entitled to vote with respect to the subject matter thereof.
Section 2.12    List of Stockholders Entitled to Vote. In accordance with Section 219 of the DGCL, an officer of the Corporation shall cause to be prepared and made available, at least ten (10) days before every meeting of the stockholders, a complete list of the stockholders entitled to vote at the meeting, arranged in alphabetical order, and showing the address of each stockholder and the number of shares registered in the name of each stockholder; provided, however, that if the record date for determining the stockholders entitled to vote is less than ten (10) days before the meeting date, the list shall reflect the stockholders entitled to vote as of the tenth (10th) day before the meeting date. Such list shall be open to the examination of any stockholder, for any purpose germane to the meeting, during ordinary business hours, for a period of at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting either (i) on a reasonably accessible electronic network, provided that the information required to gain access to such list is provided with the notice of the meeting, or (ii) during ordinary business hours, at the principal place of business of the Corporation. In the event that the Corporation determines to make the list available on an electronic network, the Corporation may take reasonable steps to ensure that such information is available only to stockholders of the Corporation. If the meeting is to be held at a place, then the list shall be produced and kept at the time and place of the meeting during the whole time thereof, and may be inspected by any stockholder who is present. If the meeting is to be held solely by means of remote communication, then the list shall also be open to the examination of any stockholder during the whole time of the meeting on a reasonably accessible electronic network, and the information required to access such list shall be provided with the notice of the meeting.
Section 2.13    Record Date.
(a)    In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at any meeting of the stockholders or any adjournment thereof, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors, and which record date shall not be more than sixty (60) nor less than ten (10) days before the date of such meeting. If no record date is fixed by the Board of Directors, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of the stockholders shall be at the close of business on the day immediately preceding the day on which notice is given, or, if notice is waived, at the close of business on the day immediately preceding the day on which the meeting is held. A determination of stockholders of record entitled to notice of or to vote at a meeting of the stockholders shall apply to any adjournment of the meeting; provided, however, that the Board of Directors may fix a new record date for the adjourned meeting and in such case shall also fix as the record date for stockholders entitled to notice of such adjourned meeting the same or an earlier date as that fixed for determination of stockholders entitled to vote in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this clause (a) at the adjourned meeting.

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(b)    In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting (if an action in writing is then permitted under the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation and these Bylaws), the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors, and which record date shall not be more than ten (10) days after the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted by the Board of Directors. If no record date has been fixed by the Board of Directors, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting, when no prior action by the Board of Directors is required by applicable law, shall be the first date on which a signed written consent setting forth the action taken or proposed to be taken is delivered to the Corporation by delivery to its registered office in the State of Delaware, its principal place of business, or an officer or agent of the Corporation having custody of the book in which proceedings of meetings of the stockholders are recorded. Delivery made to the Corporation’s registered office shall be by hand or by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested. If no record date has been fixed by the Board of Directors and prior action by the Board of Directors is required by applicable law, the record date for determining stockholders entitled to consent to corporate action in writing without a meeting shall be at the close of business on the day on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution taking such prior action.
(c)    Any stockholder’s notice requesting the setting of a record date pursuant to clause (b) of this Section 2.13 shall be valid and effective only if received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation and only if it contains the information set forth in Section 2.19 (and, if such notice relates to the nomination of any person for election or re-election as a director of the Corporation, the questionnaire, representation and agreement required by Section 2.20 must also be delivered with and at the same time as such notice). The Corporation may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as it may reasonably require to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as a director of the Corporation. In addition, a stockholder requesting a record date for proposed stockholder action by consent shall promptly provide any other information reasonably requested by the Corporation.
Section 2.14    Stock Ledger. The stock ledger of the Corporation shall be the only evidence as to who are the stockholders entitled to examine the stock ledger, the list required by Section 2.12 of this Article II or the books of the Corporation, or to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of the stockholders.
Section 2.15    Meetings by Remote Communications. Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation, if authorized by the Board of Directors, any annual or special meeting of stockholders, whether such meeting is to be held at a designated place or by means of remote communication, may be conducted in whole or in part by means of remote communication. If authorized by the Board of Directors, and subject to such guidelines and procedures as the Board of Directors may adopt, stockholders and proxyholders not physically present at a meeting of stockholders may, by means of remote communications: (a) participate

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in such meeting of stockholders; and (b) be deemed present in person and vote at such meeting of stockholders whether such meeting is to be held at a designated place or solely by means of remote communication, provided that: (i) the Corporation shall implement reasonable measures to verify that each person deemed present and permitted to vote at the meeting by means of remote communication is a stockholder or proxyholder; (ii) the Corporation shall implement reasonable measures to provide such stockholders and proxyholders a reasonable opportunity to participate in the meeting and to vote on matters submitted to the stockholders, including an opportunity to read or hear the proceedings of the meeting substantially concurrently with such proceedings; and (iii) if any stockholder or proxyholder votes or takes other action at the meeting by means of remote communication, a record of such vote or other action shall be maintained by the Corporation.
Section 2.16    Reproductions. Any copy, facsimile or other reliable reproduction of a vote, consent, waiver, proxy appointment or other action by a stockholder or by the proxy or other agent of any stockholder may be substituted or used in lieu of the original writing or electronic transmission for any and all purposes for which the original writing or electronic transmission could be used, so long as the copy, facsimile or other reproduction is a complete reproduction of the entire original writing or electronic transmission.
Section 2.17    Conduct of Meetings.
(a)    The Board of Directors of the Corporation may adopt by resolution such rules and regulations for the conduct of any meeting of the stockholders as it shall deem appropriate. Except to the extent inconsistent with such rules and regulations as adopted by the Board of Directors, the chairman of any meeting of the stockholders shall have the right and authority to prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures and to do all such acts as, in the judgment of such chairman, are appropriate for the proper conduct of the meeting. Such rules, regulations or procedures, whether adopted by the Board of Directors or prescribed by the chairman of the meeting, may include, without limitation, the following: (i) the establishment of an agenda or order of business for the meeting; (ii) the determination of when the polls shall open and close for any given matter to be voted on at the meeting; (iii) rules and procedures for maintaining order at the meeting and the safety of those present; (iv) limitations on attendance at or participation in the meeting to stockholders of record of the Corporation, their duly authorized and constituted proxies or such other persons as the chairman of the meeting shall determine; (v) restrictions on entry to the meeting after the time fixed for the commencement thereof; and (vi) limitations on the time allotted to questions or comments by participants.
(b)    The chairman of any meeting of stockholders shall have the power and duty to determine all matters relating to the conduct of the meeting, including determining whether any nomination or item of business has been properly brought before the meeting in accordance with these Bylaws (including whether the stockholder or beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination or proposal is made, solicited (or is part of a group that solicited) or

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did not so solicit, as the case may be, proxies in support of such stockholder’s nominee or proposal in compliance with such stockholder’s representation as required by Section 2.19), and if the chairman should so determine and declare that any nomination or item of business has not been properly brought before a meeting of stockholders, then such business shall not be transacted or considered at such meeting and such nomination shall be disregarded. Unless and to the extent determined by the Board of Directors or the chairman of the meeting, meetings of stockholders shall not be required to be held in accordance with the rules of parliamentary procedure.
Section 2.18    Inspectors of Election. In advance of any meeting of the stockholders, the Board of Directors, by resolution, the Chairman of the Board or the Chief Executive Officer shall appoint one or more inspectors to act at the meeting and make a written report thereof. One or more other persons may be designated as alternate inspectors to replace any inspector who fails to act. If no inspector or alternate is able to act at a meeting of the stockholders, the chairman of the meeting shall appoint one or more inspectors to act at the meeting. Unless otherwise required by applicable law, inspectors may be officers, employees or agents of the Corporation. Each inspector, before assuming the duties of inspector, shall take and sign an oath to execute faithfully the duties of inspector with strict impartiality and according to the best of such inspector’s ability. The inspector shall have the duties prescribed by law and shall take charge of the polls and, when the vote is completed, shall make a certificate of the result of the vote taken and of such other facts as may be required by applicable law.
Section 2.19    Nature of Business at Meetings of Stockholders. Only such business (other than nominations for election to the Board of Directors, which must comply with the provisions of Section 2.20 of this Article II) may be transacted at an Annual Meeting as is either (a) specified in the notice of meeting (or any supplement thereto) given by or at the direction of the Board of Directors (or any duly authorized committee thereof), (b) otherwise properly brought before the Annual Meeting by or at the direction of the Board of Directors (or any duly authorized committee thereof), or (c) otherwise properly brought before the Annual Meeting by any stockholder of the Corporation (i) who is a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of the notice provided for in this Section 2.19 and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to notice of and to vote at such Annual Meeting and (ii) who complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Section 2.19. This Section shall be the exclusive means for a stockholder to make business proposals before a special meeting of stockholders (other than matters properly bought under Rule 14a-8 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and included in the Corporation’s notice of meeting). Subject to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act, nothing in these Bylaws shall be construed to permit any stockholder, or give any stockholder the right, to include or have disseminated or described in the Corporation’s proxy statement any business proposal.

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In addition to any other applicable requirements, for business to be properly brought before an Annual Meeting by a stockholder, such stockholder must have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the Secretary of the Corporation.
To be timely, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary must be delivered to or be mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not less than ninety (90) days nor more than one hundred twenty (120) days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding Annual Meeting of Stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that no Annual Meeting was held in the previous year, or the Annual Meeting is called for a date that is not within thirty (30) days before or after such anniversary date, notice by the stockholder in order to be timely must be so received not earlier than the opening of business one hundred twenty (120) days before the date of such Annual Meeting, and not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the day on which such notice of the date of the Annual Meeting was mailed or such public disclosure of the date of the Annual Meeting was made, whichever first occurs. In no event shall the adjournment or postponement of an Annual Meeting, or the public announcement of such an adjournment or postponement, commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of a stockholder’s notice as described above.
To be in proper written form, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary must set forth the following information:
(a)    as to each matter such stockholder proposes to bring before the Annual Meeting, (1) a brief description of the business desired to be brought before the Annual Meeting; (2) the text of the proposal to be voted on by stockholders (including the text of any resolutions proposed for consideration and, in the event that such business includes a proposal to amend the Bylaws, the language of the proposed amendment); (3) the reasons for conducting such business at the meeting; and (4) a description of any direct or indirect material interest of the stockholder or of any beneficial owner on whose behalf the proposal is made, or their respective affiliates, in such business (whether by holdings of securities, or by virtue of being a creditor or contractual counterparty of the Corporation or of a third party, or otherwise), and all agreements, arrangements and understandings between such stockholder or any such beneficial owner or their respective affiliates and any other person or persons (naming such person or persons) in connection with the proposal of such business; and
(b)    as to the stockholder giving notice and the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the proposal is being made (each, a “Party”), (1) the name and address of such Party (in the case of each stockholder, as they appear on the Corporation’s books); (2) the class or series and number of shares of the Corporation that are owned, directly or indirectly, beneficially or held of record by such Party or any of its affiliates (naming such affiliates); (3) a description of any agreement, arrangement or understanding (including any swap or other derivative or short position, profit interest, option, warrant, convertible security, stock appreciation or similar right with exercise or conversion privileges, hedging transactions, and securities lending or borrowing arrangement) to which such Party or any of its affiliates is, directly or indirectly, a party as of the date of such notice (x) with respect to shares of stock of the Corporation; or (y) the effect or intent of which is to mitigate loss to, manage the potential

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risk or benefit of security price changes (increases or decreases) for, or increase or decrease the voting power of such Party or any of its affiliates with respect to securities of the Corporation or which has a value derived in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, from the value (or change in value) of any securities of the Corporation, in each case whether or not subject to settlement in the underlying security of the Corporation (each such agreement, arrangement or understanding, a “Disclosable Arrangement”) (specifying in each case (I) the effect of such Disclosable Arrangement on voting or economic rights in securities in the Corporation, as of the date of the notice; and (II) any changes in such voting or economic rights which may arise pursuant to the terms of such Disclosable Arrangement); (4) any proxy, agreement, arrangement, understanding or relationship pursuant to which such Party has a right to vote, directly or indirectly, any shares of any security of the Corporation; (5) any rights to dividends on the shares of the Corporation owned, directly or indirectly, beneficially by such Party that are separated or separable from the underlying shares of the Corporation; (6) any proportionate interest in shares of the Corporation or Disclosable Arrangements held, directly or indirectly, by a general or limited partnership in which such Party is a general partner or, directly or indirectly, beneficially owns an interest in a general partner; (7) any performance-related fees (other than an asset-based fee) that such Party is directly or indirectly entitled to based on any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation or Disclosable Arrangements, if any, as of the date of such notice, including any such interests held by members of such Party’s immediate family sharing the same household; (8) a representation that the stockholder is a holder of record of stock of the Corporation entitled to vote at such meeting and intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to propose such business or nomination; (9) a representation whether such Party intends, or is part of a group which intends, either or both (x) to deliver either or both a proxy statement and form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Corporation’s outstanding shares of capital stock required to approve or adopt the proposal or elect the nominee; and (y) otherwise to solicit proxies from stockholders in support of such proposal or nomination. Such notice must be accompanied by a written consent of each proposed nominee to being named as a nominee and to serve as a director if elected; (10) any other information relating to such Party required to be disclosed in a proxy statement or other filings required to be made in connection with solicitations of proxies for, as applicable, either or both the proposal and for the election of directors in an election contest pursuant to and in accordance with Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder; and (11) a certification regarding whether such Party has complied with all federal, state, and other legal requirements in connection with any one or more of such Party’s acquisition of shares of capital stock or other securities of the Corporation and such Party’s acts or omissions as a stockholder of the Corporation.
A stockholder providing notice of business proposed to be brought before an Annual Meeting shall further update and supplement such notice, if necessary, so that the information provided or required to be provided in such notice pursuant to this Section 2.19 shall be true and correct as of the record date for determining the stockholders entitled to receive notice of the Annual Meeting and such update and supplement shall be delivered to or be mailed and received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than five business days after the record date for determining the stockholders entitled to receive notice of the Annual Meeting.

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No business shall be conducted at the Annual Meeting of Stockholders except business brought before the Annual Meeting in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.19; provided, however, that, once business has been properly brought before the Annual Meeting in accordance with such procedures, nothing in this Section 2.19 shall be deemed to preclude discussion by any stockholder of any such business. If the chairman of an Annual Meeting determines that business was not properly brought before the Annual Meeting in accordance with the foregoing procedures, the chairman shall declare at the meeting that the business was not properly brought before the meeting and such business shall not be transacted.
Nothing contained in this Section 2.19 shall be deemed to affect any rights of stockholders to request inclusion of proposals in the Corporation’s proxy statement pursuant to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act (or any successor provision of law).
Section 2.20    Nomination of Directors. Only persons who are nominated in accordance with the following procedures shall be eligible for election as directors of the Corporation, except as may be otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation with respect to the right of holders of preferred stock of the Corporation to nominate and elect a specified number of directors in certain circumstances. Nominations of persons for election to the Board of Directors may be made at any Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or at any Special Meeting of Stockholders called for the purpose of electing directors, (a) by or at the direction of the Board of Directors (or any duly authorized committee thereof) or (b) by any stockholder of the Corporation (i) who is a stockholder of record on the date of the giving of the notice provided for in this Section 2.20 and on the record date for the determination of stockholders entitled to notice of and to vote at such Annual Meeting or Special Meeting and (ii) who complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Section 2.20. This Section shall be the exclusive means for a stockholder to make nominations before a special meeting of stockholders (other than matters properly bought under Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act and included in the Corporation’s notice of meeting). Subject to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act, nothing in these Bylaws shall be construed to permit any stockholder, or give any stockholder the right, to include or have disseminated or described in the Corporation’s proxy statement any nomination of director or directors.
In addition to any other applicable requirements for a nomination to be made by a stockholder, such stockholder must have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the Secretary of the Corporation.
To be timely, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary must be delivered to or be mailed and received at the principal executive offices of the Corporation (a) in the case of an Annual Meeting, not less than ninety (90) days nor more than one hundred twenty (120) days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding Annual Meeting of Stockholders; provided, however, that in the event that no Annual Meeting was held in the previous year, or the Annual Meeting is called for a date that is not within thirty (30) days before or after such

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anniversary date, notice by the stockholder in order to be timely must be so received not earlier than the opening of business one hundred twenty (120) days before the date of such Annual Meeting, and not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the day on which such notice of the date of the Annual Meeting was mailed or such public disclosure of the date of the Annual Meeting was made, whichever first occurs; and (b) in the case of a Special Meeting of Stockholders called for the purpose of electing directors, not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the day on which notice of the date of the Special Meeting was mailed or public disclosure of the date of the Special Meeting was made, whichever first occurs. In no event shall the adjournment or postponement of an Annual Meeting or a Special Meeting called for the purpose of electing directors, or the public announcement of such an adjournment or postponement, commence a new time period (or extend any time period) for the giving of a stockholder’s notice as described above.
In the event that the number of directors to be elected to the Board of Directors at an Annual Meeting of stockholders is increased and there is no public announcement by the Corporation naming the nominees for the additional directorships at least one hundred (100) days prior to the first anniversary of the date of the Corporation’s proxy statement released to stockholders in connection with the previous year’s Annual Meeting of stockholders, a stockholder’s notice required by this Section 2.20 shall also be considered timely, but only with respect to nominees for the additional directorships, if it shall be received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the day on which such public announcement is first made by the Corporation.
To be in proper written form, a stockholder’s notice to the Secretary must set forth the following information:
(a)    as to each person whom the stockholder proposes to nominate for election as a director, (1) all information relating to such person that is required to be disclosed in solicitations of proxies for election of directors in an election contest, or is otherwise required, in each case in accordance with Regulation 14A under the Exchange Act and such other information as may be required by the Corporation pursuant to any policy of the Corporation governing the selection of directors publicly available (whether on the Corporation’s website or otherwise) as of the date of such notice; (2) such person’s written consent to being named in the proxy statement as a nominee and to serving as a director if elected; (3) a statement whether such person, if elected, intends to tender any advance resignation notice(s) requested by the Board of Directors in connection with subsequent elections, such advance resignation to be contingent upon the nominee’s failure to receive a majority of the votes cast by stockholders and acceptance of such resignation by the Board of Directors; and (4) a description of all arrangements or understandings between the stockholder or any beneficial owner on whose behalf such nomination is made, or their respective affiliates, and each nominee or any other person or persons (naming such person or persons) in connection with the making of such nomination or nominations; and

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(b)    as to the stockholder giving the notice, and the beneficial owner, if any, on whose behalf the nomination is being made, (1) the name and record address of such Party (in the case of each stockholder, as they appear on the Corporation’s books); (2) the class or series and number of shares of the Corporation that are owned, directly or indirectly, beneficially or held of record by such Party or any of its affiliates (naming such affiliates); (3) a description of any Disclosable Arrangement (including any swap or other derivative or short position, profit interest, option, warrant, convertible security, stock appreciation or similar right with exercise or conversion privileges, hedging transactions, and securities lending or borrowing arrangement) to which such Party or any of its affiliates is, directly or indirectly, a party as of the date of such notice (x) with respect to shares of stock of the Corporation; or (y) the effect or intent of which is to mitigate loss to, manage the potential risk or benefit of security price changes (increases or decreases) for, or increase or decrease the voting power of such Party or any of its affiliates with respect to securities of the Corporation or which has a value derived in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, from the value (or change in value) of any securities of the Corporation, in each case whether or not subject to settlement in the underlying security of the Corporation (specifying in each case (I) the effect of such Disclosable Arrangement on voting or economic rights in securities in the Corporation, as of the date of the notice; and (II) any changes in such voting or economic rights which may arise pursuant to the terms of such Disclosable Arrangement); (4) any proxy, agreement, arrangement, understanding or relationship pursuant to which such Party has a right to vote, directly or indirectly, any shares of any security of the Corporation; (5) any rights to dividends on the shares of the Corporation owned, directly or indirectly, beneficially by such Party that are separated or separable from the underlying shares of the Corporation; (6) any proportionate interest in shares of the Corporation or Disclosable Arrangements held, directly or indirectly, by a general or limited partnership in which such Party is a general partner or, directly or indirectly, beneficially owns an interest in a general partner; (7) any performance-related fees (other than an asset-based fee) that such Party is directly or indirectly entitled to based on any increase or decrease in the value of shares of the Corporation or Disclosable Arrangements, if any, as of the date of such notice, including any such interests held by members of such Party’s immediate family sharing the same household; (8) a representation that the stockholder is a holder of record of stock of the Corporation entitled to vote at such meeting and intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to propose such business or nomination; and (9) a representation whether such Party intends, or is part of a group which intends, either or both (x) to deliver either or both a proxy statement and form of proxy to holders of at least the percentage of the Corporation’s outstanding shares of capital stock required to approve or adopt the proposal or elect the nominee; and (y) otherwise to solicit proxies from stockholders in support of such proposal or nomination. Such notice must be accompanied by a written consent of each proposed nominee to being named as a nominee and to serve as a director if elected.
The Corporation may require any proposed nominee to furnish such other information as it may reasonably require to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as a director of the Corporation or that could be material to a reasonable stockholder’s understanding of the independence, or lack thereof, of such nominee. In addition, a stockholder seeking to nominate a director candidate or bring another item of business before the Annual Meeting shall promptly provide any other information reasonably requested by the Corporation.

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For purposes of these Bylaws, “public announcement” shall mean disclosure in a press release reported by the Dow Jones News Service, Associated Press or comparable national news service or in a document publicly filed by the Corporation with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Sections 13, 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.
A stockholder providing notice of any nomination proposed to be made at an Annual Meeting or Special Meeting shall further update and supplement such notice, if necessary, so that the information provided or required to be provided in such notice pursuant to this Section 2.20 shall be true and correct as of the record date for determining the stockholders entitled to receive notice of the Annual Meeting or Special Meeting, and such update and supplement shall be delivered to or be mailed and received by the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation not later than five business days after the record date for determining the stockholders entitled to receive notice of such Annual Meeting or Special Meeting.
To be eligible to be a nominee for election or re-election by the stockholders as a director of the Corporation or to serve as a Director of the Corporation, a person must deliver (not later than the deadline prescribed in the foregoing) to the Secretary a written questionnaire with respect to the background and qualification of such person and, if applicable, the background of any other person on whose behalf the nomination is being made (which questionnaire shall be provided by the Secretary upon written request) and a written representation and agreement (in the form provided by the Secretary upon written request) that such person: (i) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with, and has not given any commitment or assurance to, any person as to how such person, if elected as a director, will act or vote on any issue or question that has not been disclosed in such questionnaire; (ii) is not and will not become a party to any agreement, arrangement or understanding with any person other than the Corporation with respect to any direct or indirect compensation, reimbursement or indemnification in connection with service or action as a director that has not been disclosed in such questionnaire; and (iii) in such person’s individual capacity and on behalf of any person on whose behalf the nomination is being made, would be in compliance, if elected as a director, and will comply with, applicable law and all conflict of interest, confidentiality and other policies and guidelines of the Corporation (including the Corporation’s Corporate Governance Guidelines) applicable to directors generally and publicly available (whether on the Corporation’s website or otherwise) as of the date of such representation and agreement.
No person shall be eligible for election as a director of the Corporation unless nominated in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Section 2.20. If the chairman of the meeting determines that a nomination was not made in accordance with the foregoing procedures, the chairman shall declare to the meeting that the nomination was defective and such defective nomination shall be disregarded.
Section 2.21    Requirement to Appear. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in Section 2.19 and Section 2.20, if the stockholder (or a qualified representative of the stockholder) does not appear at the annual or special

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meeting of stockholders of the Corporation to present a nomination or item of business, such proposed business shall not be transacted and such nomination shall be disregarded, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such vote may have been received by the Corporation.
ARTICLE III    

DIRECTORS
Section 3.1    Duties and Powers. The business and affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by or under the direction of the Board of Directors, which may exercise all such powers of the Corporation and do all such lawful acts and things as are not by statute or by the Certificate of Incorporation or by these Bylaws required to be exercised or done by the stockholders.
Section 3.2    Number and Election of Directors. The Board of Directors shall consist of not fewer than three nor more than nine members, the exact number of which shall be fixed from time to time by resolution adopted by the affirmative vote of a majority of the Entire Board of Directors. From and after the date of the first meeting of the Board of Directors following the Listing, the directors shall be divided into three classes, designated Class I, Class II and Class III. Each class shall consist, as nearly as may be possible, of one-third of the total number of directors constituting the Entire Board of Directors. The initial division of the Board of Directors into classes shall be made by the decision of the affirmative vote of a majority of the Entire Board of Directors. The initial term of the Class I directors shall terminate on the date of the first Annual Meeting of stockholders held after the Listing; the initial term of the Class II directors shall terminate on the date of the second Annual Meeting of stockholders held after the Listing; and the initial term of the Class III directors shall terminate on the date of the third Annual Meeting of stockholders held after the Listing. At each Annual Meeting of stockholders, successors to the class of directors whose term expires at that Annual Meeting shall be elected for a three-year term and until their successors are duly elected and qualified. If the number of directors is changed, any increase or decrease shall be apportioned among the classes so as to maintain the number of directors in each class as nearly equal as possible, and any additional director of any class elected to fill a vacancy resulting from an increase in such class or from the removal from office, death, disability, resignation or disqualification of a director or other cause shall hold office for a term that shall coincide with the remaining term of the other directors of that class, but in no case shall a decrease in the number of directors shorten the term of any incumbent director.
The Board of Directors shall present to the stockholders nominations of candidates for election to the Board of Directors (or recommend the election of such candidates

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as nominated by others) such that, and shall take such other corporate actions as may be reasonably required to provide that, to the knowledge of the Board of Directors, if such candidates are elected by the stockholders, following the time of Listing, at least a majority of the members of the Board of Directors shall be Independent Directors (as hereinafter defined). Following the time of Listing, the Board of Directors shall only elect any person to fill a vacancy on the Board of Directors if, to the knowledge of the Board of Directors, after such person’s election at least a majority of the members of the Board of Directors shall be Independent Directors. The foregoing provisions of this paragraph shall not cause a director who, upon commencing such director’s service as a member of the Board of Directors was determined by the Board of Directors to be an Independent Director but did not in fact qualify as such, or who by reason of any change in circumstances ceases to qualify as an Independent Director, from serving the remainder of the term as a director for which such director was selected. Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this paragraph, no action of the Board of Directors shall be invalid by reason of the failure at any time of a majority of the members of the Board of Directors to be Independent Directors.
Except as provided in Section 3.3 of this Article III, directors shall be elected by a plurality of the votes of the shares of capital stock of the Corporation, present in person or represented by proxy, and entitled to vote on the election of directors at any meeting of stockholders or in any action by written consent in lieu of such a meeting with respect to which (a) the Corporation receives a notice that a stockholder has nominated a person for election to the Board of Directors (including a notice that a stockholder seeks to include a nominee in the Corporation’s proxy materials pursuant to Rule 14a-11 under the Exchange Act) that was timely made in accordance with the applicable nomination periods provided in these Bylaws (or, in the case of a notice that a stockholder seeks to include a nominee in the Corporation’s proxy materials pursuant to Rule 14a-11 under the Exchange Act, the applicable notice periods provided in such rule), and (b) such nomination or notice has not been withdrawn (and, in the case of a notice under Rule 14a-11, the Corporation has not determined that it will exclude such proposed nominee from its proxy materials) on or before the tenth (10th) day before the Corporation first mails its initial proxy statement in connection with such election of directors; provided, however, that the determination that directors shall be elected by a plurality of the votes cast shall be determinative only as to the timeliness of a notice of nomination or notice under Rule 14a-11 and not otherwise as to its validity. If directors are to be elected by a plurality of the votes cast, stockholders shall not be permitted to vote against a nominee.
Section 3.3    Vacancies. Unless otherwise required by law or the Certificate of Incorporation, and subject to the terms of any one or more classes or series of preferred stock of the Corporation, (i) any vacancy on the Board of Directors that results from an increase in the number of directors may be filled by a majority of the Board of Directors then in office, provided that a quorum is present, (ii) any other vacancy occurring on the Board of Directors may be filled by a majority of the Board of Directors then in office, even if less than a quorum, or by a sole remaining director or (iii) solely in the event of the removal of the Entire Board of Directors, by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of

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capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote in the election of directors. Any director of any class elected to fill a vacancy resulting from an increase in the number of directors of such class shall hold office for a term that shall coincide with the remaining term of that class. Any director elected to fill a vacancy not resulting from an increase in the number of directors shall have the same remaining term as that of such director’s predecessor.
Section 3.4    Meetings. The Board of Directors and any committee thereof may hold meetings, both regular and special, either within or without the State of Delaware. Regular meetings of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof may be held without notice at such time and at such place as may from time to time be determined by the Board of Directors or such committee, respectively. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by the Chairman, if there be one, the Chief Executive Officer, or by any two directors. Special meetings of any committee of the Board of Directors may be called by the chairman of such committee, if there be one, the Chief Executive Officer or any director serving on such committee. Notice thereof stating the place, date and hour of the meeting shall be given to each director (or, in the case of a committee, to each member of such committee) either by mail not less than forty-eight (48) hours before the date of the meeting, by telephone, facsimile, email, or other electronic means on twenty-four (24) hours’ notice, or on such shorter notice as the person or persons calling such meeting may deem necessary or appropriate in the circumstances. A notice of a special meeting of the Board of Directors need not specify the purpose of the meeting unless required by the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws. Notice of any meeting of the Board shall not, however, be required to be given to any director who submits a signed waiver of notice, or waives notice of such meeting by electronic transmission, whether before or after the meeting, or if he or she shall be present at such meeting; and any meeting of the Board of Directors shall be a legal meeting without any notice thereof having been given if all the directors of the Corporation then in office shall be present thereat or shall have waived notice thereof.
Section 3.5    Organization. At each meeting of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or the chairman of such committee, as the case may be, or, in such chairman’s absence or if there be none, a director chosen by a majority of the directors present, shall act as chairman. Except as provided below, the Secretary of the Corporation shall act as secretary at each meeting of the Board of Directors and of each committee thereof. In case the Secretary shall be absent from any meeting of the Board of Directors or of any committee thereof, an Assistant Secretary shall perform the duties of secretary at such meeting; and in the absence from any such meeting of the Secretary and all the Assistant Secretaries, the chairman of the meeting may appoint any person to act as secretary of the meeting. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the members of each committee of the Board of Directors may appoint any person to act as secretary of any meeting of such committee and the Secretary

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or any Assistant Secretary of the Corporation may, but need not if such committee so elects, serve in such capacity.
Section 3.6    Resignations and Removals of Directors. Any director of the Corporation may resign from the Board of Directors or any committee thereof at any time, by giving notice in writing or electronic transmission to (i) the Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, or to the Chief Executive Officer, if there is no Chairman of the Board, and (ii) the Secretary of the Corporation and, in the case of a committee, to the chairman of such committee, if there be one. Such resignation shall take effect at the time therein specified or, if no time is specified, immediately; and, unless otherwise specified in such notice, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective. Except as otherwise required by applicable law and subject to the rights, if any, of the holders of shares of preferred stock of the Corporation then outstanding, any director or the Entire Board of Directors may be removed from office at any time, but only for cause and only by the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote in the election of directors. The vacancy or vacancies in the Board of Directors caused by any such removal shall be filled by the Board of Directors as provided in Section 3.3. Any director serving on a committee of the Board of Directors may be removed from such committee at any time by the Board of Directors.
Section 3.7    Quorum. Except as otherwise required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or the rules and regulations of any stock exchange on which the Corporation’s shares are listed and traded, at all meetings of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, a majority of the Entire Board of Directors or a majority of the directors constituting such committee, as the case may be, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, and the act of a majority of the directors or committee members present at any meeting at which there is a quorum shall be the act of the Board of Directors or such committee, as applicable. If a quorum shall not be present at any meeting of the Board of Directors or any committee thereof, a majority of directors present thereat may adjourn the meeting from time to time, without notice other than announcement at the meeting of the time and place of the adjourned meeting, until a quorum shall be present.
Section 3.8    Action at Meeting. At any meeting of the Board of Directors at which a quorum is present (or such smaller number as may make a determination pursuant to Section 145 of the DGCL or any successor provision), business shall be transacted in such order and manner as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine, and all matters shall be determined by the vote of a majority of the directors present at such meeting at which there is a quorum, except as is required or provided by law, by the Certificate of Incorporation or by any other provision of these Bylaws.

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Section 3.9    Actions of the Board by Written Consent. Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, any action required or permitted to be taken at any meeting of the Board of Directors or of any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting, if all the members of the Board of Directors or such committee, as the case may be, consent thereto in writing or by electronic transmission, and the writing or writings or electronic transmission or transmissions are filed with the minutes of proceedings of the Board of Directors or such committee. Action taken under this Section 3.9 is effective when the last director signs or delivers the consent, unless the consent specifies a different effective date. A consent signed or delivered under this Section 3.9 has the effect of a meeting vote and may be described as such in any document.
Section 3.10    Meetings by Means of Conference Telephone. Unless otherwise provided in the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, members of the Board of Directors of the Corporation, or any committee thereof, may participate in a meeting of the Board of Directors or such committee by means of a conference telephone or other communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can simultaneously hear each other, and participation in a meeting pursuant to this Section 3.10 shall constitute presence in person at such meeting.
Section 3.11    Committees. The Board of Directors may designate one or more committees, each committee to consist of one or more of the directors of the Corporation. Each member of a committee must meet the requirements for membership, if any, imposed by applicable law and the rules and regulations of any securities exchange or quotation system on which the securities of the Corporation are listed or quoted for trading. The Board of Directors may designate one or more directors as alternate members of any committee, who may replace any absent or disqualified member at any meeting of any such committee. Subject to the rules and regulations of any securities exchange or quotation system on which the securities of the Corporation are listed or quoted for trading, in the absence or disqualification of a member of a committee, and in the absence of a designation by the Board of Directors of an alternate member to replace the absent or disqualified member, the member or members thereof present at any meeting and not disqualified from voting, whether or not such member or members constitute a quorum, may unanimously appoint another qualified member of the Board of Directors to act at the meeting in the place of any absent or disqualified member. Any committee, to the extent permitted by law and provided in the resolution establishing such committee, shall have and may exercise all the powers and authority of the Board of Directors in the management of the business and affairs of the Corporation, and may authorize the seal of the Corporation to be affixed to all papers that may require it. Each committee shall keep regular minutes and report to the Board of Directors when required. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Article III, the resolution of the Board of Directors establishing any committee of the Board of Directors and/or the charter of any

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such committee may establish requirements or procedures relating to the governance and/or operation of such committee that are different from, or in addition to, those set forth in these Bylaws and, to the extent that there is any inconsistency between these Bylaws and any such resolution or charter, the terms of such resolution or charter shall be controlling.
Section 3.12    Compensation. The Board of Directors, by affirmative vote of a majority of the directors then in office, and irrespective of any personal interest of any of its members, may establish reasonable compensation (including reasonable pensions, disability or death benefits, and other benefits or payments) of directors for services to the Corporation as directors, or may delegate such authority to an appropriate committee. The directors may be paid their expenses, if any, of attendance at each meeting of the Board of Directors and may be paid a fixed sum for attendance at each meeting of the Board of Directors or a stated salary for service as director, payable in cash or securities. No such payment shall preclude any director from serving the Corporation in any other capacity and receiving compensation therefor. Members of special or standing committees may be compensated for their service on such committee. The amount and form of compensation shall be set by the Board of Directors.
Section 3.13    Interested Directors. No contract or transaction between the Corporation and one or more of its directors or officers, or between the Corporation and any other corporation, partnership, association or other organization in which one or more of its directors or officers are directors or officers or have a financial interest, shall be void or voidable solely for this reason, or solely because the director or officer is present at or participates in the meeting of the Board of Directors or committee thereof which authorizes the contract or transaction, or solely because any such director’s or officer’s vote is counted for such purpose if: (i) the material facts as to the director’s or officer’s relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the Board of Directors or the committee, and the Board of Directors or committee in good faith authorizes the contract or transaction by the affirmative votes of a majority of the disinterested directors, even though the disinterested directors be less than a quorum; or (ii) the material facts as to the director’s or officer’s relationship or interest and as to the contract or transaction are disclosed or are known to the stockholders entitled to vote thereon, and the contract or transaction is specifically approved in good faith by vote of the stockholders; or (iii) the contract or transaction is fair as to the Corporation as of the time it is authorized, approved or ratified by the Board of Directors, a committee thereof or the stockholders. Common or interested directors may be counted in determining the presence of a quorum at a meeting of the Board of Directors or of a committee which authorizes the contract or transaction.

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ARTICLE IV    

OFFICERS
Section 4.1    General. The officers of the Corporation shall be chosen by the Board of Directors and initially shall be a Chief Executive Officer, a Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer and a Secretary. The Board of Directors, in its discretion, also may choose a Chairman of the Board of Directors (who must be a director but is not required to be an employee of the Corporation), a Treasurer and one or more other officers. Any number of offices may be held by the same person, unless otherwise prohibited by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws. The officers of the Corporation need not be stockholders of the Corporation nor, except in the case of the Chairman of the Board of Directors (who must be a director), need such officers be directors of the Corporation. Whenever an officer or officers is absent, or whenever for any reason the Board of Directors may deem it desirable, the Board may delegate the powers and duties of any officer or officers to any director or directors. The Board of Directors may from time to time delegate the powers or duties of any officer to any other officers or agents, notwithstanding any other provision hereof.
Section 4.2    Election. The Board of Directors shall elect the officers of the Corporation who shall hold their offices for such terms and shall exercise such powers and perform such duties as shall be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors; and each officer of the Corporation shall hold office until such officer’s successor is elected and qualified, or until such officer’s earlier death, resignation or removal. Any officer elected by the Board of Directors may be removed at any time by the Board of Directors, including by unanimous written consent. Any vacancy occurring in any office of the Corporation shall be filled by the Board of Directors.
Section 4.3    Voting Securities Owned by the Corporation. Powers of attorney, proxies, waivers of notice of meeting, consents and other instruments relating to securities owned by the Corporation may be executed in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation by the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer, Secretary or any other officer authorized to do so by the Board of Directors and any such officer may, in the name of and on behalf of the Corporation, take all such action as any such officer may deem advisable to vote in person or by proxy at any meeting of security holders of any corporation in which the Corporation may own securities and at any such meeting shall possess and may exercise any and all rights and power incident to the ownership of such securities and which, as the owner thereof, the Corporation might have exercised and possessed if present. The Board of Directors may, by resolution, from time to time confer like powers upon any other person or persons.

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Section 4.4    Chairman of the Board of Directors. The Chairman of the Board of Directors, if there be one, shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and of the Board of Directors. The Chairman of the Board of Directors shall be designated by the Board of Directors and, except where by law the signature of the Chief Executive Officer is required, the Chairman of the Board of Directors shall possess the same power as the Chief Executive Officer to sign all contracts, certificates and other instruments of the Corporation which may be authorized by the Board of Directors. During the absence or disability of the Chief Executive Officer, the Chairman of the Board of Directors shall exercise all the powers and discharge all the duties of the Chief Executive Officer. The Chairman of the Board of Directors shall also perform such other duties and may exercise such other powers as may from time to time be assigned by these Bylaws or by the Board of Directors.
Section 4.5    Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer shall, subject to the control of the Board of Directors and if there be one, the Chairman of the Board, have general supervision of the affairs of the Corporation, general and active control of all its business and shall see that all orders and resolutions of the Board of Directors are carried into effect. In the absence or disability of the Chairman of the Board of Directors, or if there be none, the Chief Executive Officer or his or her designee shall preside at all meetings of the stockholders and, provided the Chief Executive Officer is also a director, the Board of Directors. The Chief Executive Officer shall see that all orders and resolutions of the Board of Directors and the stockholders are carried into effect. The Chief Executive Officer shall have general authority to execute bonds, deeds and contracts in the name of the Corporation and affix the corporate seal thereto; to sign stock certificates; to cause the employment or appointment of such employees and agents of the Corporation as the proper conduct of operations may require, and to fix their compensation, subject to the provisions of these Bylaws; to remove or suspend any employee or agent who shall have been employed or appointed under the Chief Executive Officer’s authority or under authority of an officer subordinate to the Chief Executive Officer; to suspend for cause, pending final action by the authority which shall have elected or appointed the Chief Executive Officer, any officer subordinate to the Chief Executive Officer; and, in general, to exercise all the powers and authority usually appertaining to the chief executive officer of a corporation, except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws.
Section 4.6    Chief Financial Officer. The Chief Financial Officer shall, subject to the control of the Board of Directors, and if there be one, the Chairman of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer, cause to be kept full and accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements in books belonging to the Corporation and shall cause to be deposited all monies and other valuable effects in the name and to the credit of the Corporation in such depositories as shall be designated by the Board of Directors or, in the absence of such designation in such depositories, as the Chief Financial Officer shall from time to time deem proper. The Chief

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Financial Officer shall be the treasurer of the Corporation, unless a Treasurer shall be appointed. The Chief Financial Officer shall disburse the funds of the Corporation as shall be ordered by the Board of Directors, taking proper vouchers for such disbursements, shall promptly render to the Chief Executive Officer and to the Board of Directors such statements of the Chief Financial Officer’s transactions and accounts as the Chief Executive Officer and Board of Directors respectively may from time to time require, and in general, shall exercise all the powers and authority usually appertaining to the chief financial officer of a corporation, except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws.
Section 4.7    Absence of the Chief Executive Officer. At the request of the Chief Executive Officer or in the Chief Executive Officer’s absence or in the event of the Chief Executive Officer’s inability or refusal to act (and if there be no Chairman of the Board of Directors), the President or another officer designated by the Board of Directors shall perform the duties of the Chief Executive Officer, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the Chief Executive Officer. Each officer shall perform such other duties and have such other powers as the Board of Directors from time to time may prescribe. If there be no Chairman of the Board of Directors and no President, the Board of Directors shall designate an officer of the Corporation who, in the absence of the Chief Executive Officer or in the event of the inability or refusal of the Chief Executive Officer to act, shall perform the duties of the Chief Executive Officer, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions upon the Chief Executive Officer.
Section 4.8    Secretary. Except as otherwise provided herein, the Secretary shall record all the proceedings of meetings of the Board of Directors and all meetings of the stockholders in a book or books to be kept for that purpose, and the Secretary shall also perform like duties for committees of the Board of Directors when required. The Secretary shall give, or cause to be given, notice of all meetings of the stockholders and special meetings of the Board of Directors, and shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors, the Chairman of the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer, under whose supervision the Secretary shall be. If the Secretary shall be unable or shall refuse to cause to be given notice of all meetings of the stockholders and special meetings of the Board of Directors, and if there be no Assistant Secretary, then either the Board of Directors or the Chief Executive Officer may choose another officer to cause such notice to be given. The Secretary shall have custody of the seal of the Corporation and the Secretary or any Assistant Secretary, if there be one, shall have authority to affix the same to any instrument requiring it and when so affixed, it may be attested by the signature of the Secretary or by the signature of any such Assistant Secretary. The Board of Directors may give general authority to any other officer to affix the seal of the Corporation and to attest to the affixing by such officer’s signature. The Secretary shall see that all books, reports,

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statements, certificates and other documents and records required by law to be kept or filed are properly kept or filed, as the case may be.
Section 4.9    Treasurer. The Treasurer shall have the custody of the corporate funds and securities and shall keep full and accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements in books belonging to the Corporation and shall deposit all moneys and other valuable effects in the name and to the credit of the Corporation in such depositories as may be designated by the Board of Directors. The Treasurer shall disburse the funds of the Corporation as may be ordered by the Board of Directors, taking proper vouchers for such disbursements, and shall render to the Chief Executive Officer and the Board of Directors, at its regular meetings, or when the Board of Directors so requires, an account of all transactions as Treasurer and of the financial condition of the Corporation. If required by the Board of Directors, the Treasurer shall give the Corporation a bond in such sum and with such surety or sureties as shall be satisfactory to the Board of Directors for the faithful performance of the duties of the office of the Treasurer and for the restoration to the Corporation, in case of the Treasurer’s death, resignation, retirement or removal from office, of all books, papers, vouchers, money and other property of whatever kind in the Treasurer’s possession or under the Treasurer’s control belonging to the Corporation.
Section 4.10    Other Officers. Such other officers as the Board of Directors may choose shall perform such duties and have such powers as from time to time may be assigned to them by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may delegate to any other officer of the Corporation the power to appoint such other officers and to prescribe their respective duties and powers.
Section 4.11    Resignation. Any officer may resign by delivering such officer’s written resignation to the Chief Executive Officer or the Secretary of the Corporation at the Corporation’s principal office, and such resignation shall be effective upon receipt unless it is specified to be effective at a later time. If a resignation is made effective at a later date and the Corporation accepts the future effective date, the Board of Directors may fill the pending vacancy before the effective date if the Board of Directors provides that the successor shall not take office until the effective date. An officer’s resignation shall not affect the Corporation’s contract rights, if any, with the officer.
Section 4.12    Removal. The Board of Directors may remove any officer with or without cause. Nothing herein shall limit the power of any officer to discharge any subordinate.
ARTICLE V    

STOCK

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Section 5.1    Issuance and Consideration. Subject to any applicable requirements of law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, the Board of Directors may direct the Corporation to issue the number of shares of each class or series of stock authorized by the Certificate of Incorporation. The Board of Directors may authorize shares to be issued for any valid consideration. Before the Corporation issues shares, the Board of Directors shall determine that the consideration received or to be received for shares to be issued is adequate. That determination by the Board of Directors is conclusive insofar as the adequacy of consideration for the issuance of shares relates to whether the shares are validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable. Subject to any applicable requirements of law or the Certificate of Incorporation, the Board of Directors shall determine the terms upon which the rights, options, or warrants for the purchase of shares or other securities of the Corporation are issued by the Corporation and the terms, including the consideration, for which the shares or other securities are to be issued.
Section 5.2    Form of Certificate. Except as otherwise provided in a resolution approved by the Board of Directors, all shares of the Corporation shall be uncertificated shares.
Section 5.3    Share Certificates. If shares are represented by certificates, at a minimum each share certificate shall state on its face: (a) the name of the Corporation and that it is organized under the laws of the State of Delaware; (b) the name of the person to whom issued; and (c) the number and class of shares and the designation of the series, if any, the certificate represents. The front or back of each certificate shall also set forth any information or statement required to be set forth thereon by the DGCL. Unless shares can be issued only in uncertificated form as contemplated by Section 5.3, each stockholder shall be entitled to a certificate signed by, or in the name of the Corporation by, either manually or in facsimile, the Chairman of the Board, Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary or General Counsel (if there be such officers appointed) or any two officers designated by the Board of Directors, certifying the name of shares owned by him or her. Any or all of the signatures on the certificate may be by facsimile. If the person who signed, either manually or in facsimile, a share certificate no longer holds office when the certificate is issued, the certificate shall be nevertheless valid.
Section 5.4    Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Certificates. The Board of Directors may, subject to Delaware Code, Title 6, Section 8-405, determine the conditions upon which a new share certificate or uncertificated share may be issued in place of any certificate alleged to have been lost, destroyed, or wrongfully taken. The Board of Directors may, in its discretion, require the owner of such share certificate or uncertificated share, or such owner’s legal representative, to give a bond, sufficient in its opinion, with or without surety, to

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indemnify the Corporation against any loss or claim which may arise by reason of the issue of the new certificate or uncertificated share.
Section 5.5    Transfers. Transfers of stock shall be made only upon the transfer books of the Corporation kept at an office of the Corporation or by transfer agents designated to transfer shares of stock of the Corporation. Subject to any restrictions on transfer and except when a certificate is issued in accordance with Section 5.4, shares of stock represented by certificates may be transferred on the books of the Corporation by the surrender to the Corporation or its transfer agent of the certificate therefor properly endorsed or accompanied by a written assignment and power of attorney properly executed, with transfer stamps (if necessary) affixed, and with such proof of the authenticity of signature as the Corporation or its transfer agent may reasonably require. Upon receipt of proper transfer instructions from the registered owner of uncertificated shares, such uncertificated shares shall be cancelled and the issuance of new equivalent uncertificated shares shall be made to the person entitled thereto and the transaction shall be recorded upon the books of the Corporation. A record shall be made of each transfer and whenever a transfer shall be made for collateral security, and not absolutely, it shall be so expressed in the entry of the transfer.
Section 5.6    Record Owners. The Corporation shall be entitled to recognize the exclusive right of a person registered on its books as the owner of shares to receive dividends, and to vote as such owner, and to hold liable for calls and assessments a person registered on its books as the owner of shares, and shall not be bound to recognize any equitable or other claim to or interest in such share or shares on the part of any other person, whether or not it shall have express or other notice thereof, except as otherwise required by law.
Section 5.7    Dividend Record Date. In order that the Corporation may determine the stockholders entitled to receive payment of any dividend or other distribution or allotment of any rights or the stockholders entitled to exercise any rights in respect of any change, conversion or exchange of stock, or for the purpose of any other lawful action, the Board of Directors may fix a record date, which record date shall not precede the date upon which the resolution fixing the record date is adopted, and which record date shall be not more than sixty (60) days and not less than thirty (30) days prior to such action. If no record date is fixed, the record date for determining stockholders for any such purpose shall be at the close of business on the 10th (tenth) day following the date on which the Board of Directors adopts the resolution relating thereto or such other date as may be required by the notice provisions of the NYSE.
Section 5.8    Transfer and Registry Agents. The Corporation may from time to time maintain one or more transfer offices or agencies and registry offices or agencies at such place or places as may be determined from time to time by the Board of Directors.

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Section 5.9    Regulations. The issue, transfer, conversion and registration of certificates of stock shall be governed by such other regulations as the Board of Directors may establish.
ARTICLE VI    

NOTICES
Section 6.1    Notices. Whenever written notice is required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, to be given to any director, member of a committee or stockholder, such notice may be given by mail, addressed to such director, member of a committee or stockholder, at such person’s address as it appears on the records of the Corporation, with postage thereon prepaid, and such notice shall be deemed to be given at the time when the same shall be deposited in the United States mail. Without limiting the manner by which notice otherwise may be given effectively to stockholders, any notice to stockholders given by the Corporation under applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws shall be effective if given by a form of electronic transmission if consented to by the stockholder to whom the notice is given. Any such consent shall be revocable by the stockholder by written notice to the Corporation. Any such consent shall be deemed to be revoked if (i) the Corporation is unable to deliver by electronic transmission two (2) consecutive notices by the Corporation in accordance with such consent and (ii) such inability becomes known to the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the Corporation or to the transfer agent, or other person responsible for the giving of notice; provided, however, that the inadvertent failure to treat such inability as a revocation shall not invalidate any meeting or other action. Notice given by electronic transmission, as described above, shall be deemed given: (i) if by facsimile telecommunication, when directed to a number at which the stockholder has consented to receive notice; (ii) if by electronic mail, when directed to an electronic mail address at which the stockholder has consented to receive notice; (iii) if by a posting on an electronic network, together with separate notice to the stockholder of such specific posting, upon the later of (A) such posting and (B) the giving of such separate notice; and (iv) if by any other form of electronic transmission, when directed to the stockholder. An affidavit of the mailing or other means of giving any notice of any stockholders’ meeting, executed by the Secretary, an Assistant Secretary or any transfer agent of the Corporation giving the notice, shall be prima facie evidence of the giving of such notice or report. Notice shall be deemed to have been given to all stockholders of record who share an address if notice is given in accordance with the “householding” rules set forth in Rule 14a-3(e) under the Exchange Act, and Section 233 of the DGCL. Notice to directors or committee members may be given personally or by telegram, telex, cable or other means of electronic transmission.

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Section 6.2    Waivers of Notice. Whenever any notice is required by applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws, to be given to any director, member of a committee or stockholder, a waiver thereof in writing, signed by the person or persons entitled to notice, or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person or persons entitled to notice, or a waiver by electronic transmission by the person or persons entitled to notice whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent thereto. Attendance of a person at a meeting, present in person or represented by proxy, shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except where the person attends the meeting for the express purpose of objecting at the beginning of the meeting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any Annual or Special Meeting of Stockholders or any regular or special meeting of the directors or members of a committee of directors need be specified in any written waiver of notice unless so required by law, the Certificate of Incorporation or these Bylaws.
ARTICLE VII    

GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section 7.1    Dividends.
(a)    Dividends upon the capital stock of the Corporation, subject to the requirements of the DGCL and the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, if any, may be declared by the Board of Directors at any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors (or any action by written consent in lieu thereof in accordance with Section 3.8 of Article III hereof), and may be paid in cash, in property, or in shares of the Corporation’s capital stock. Before payment of any dividend, there may be set aside out of any funds of the Corporation available for dividends such sum or sums as the Board of Directors from time to time, in its absolute discretion, deems proper as a reserve or reserves to meet contingencies, or for purchasing any of the shares of capital stock, warrants, rights, options, bonds, debentures, notes, scrip or other securities or evidences of indebtedness of the Corporation, or for equalizing dividends, or for repairing or maintaining any property of the Corporation, or for any proper purpose, and the Board of Directors may modify or abolish any such reserve.
Section 7.2    Disbursements. All checks or demands for money and notes of the Corporation shall be signed by such officer or officers or such other person or persons as the Board of Directors may from time to time designate.
Section 7.3    Fiscal Year. The fiscal year of the Corporation shall be fixed by resolution of the Board of Directors. If the Board makes no determination to the contrary, the fiscal year of the Corporation shall be the twelve months ending on December 31 each year.

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Section 7.4    Records to be Kept. The Corporation shall keep as permanent records minutes of all meetings of its stockholders and Board of Directors, a record of all actions taken by the stockholders or Board of Directors without a meeting, and a record of all actions taken by a committee of the Board of Directors in place of the Board of Directors on behalf of the Corporation. The Corporation or its agent shall maintain a record of its stockholders, in a form that permits preparation of a list of the names and addresses of all stockholders, in alphabetical order by class or series of shares showing the number and class or series of shares held by each.
Section 7.5    Execution of Instruments. The Board of Directors may authorize, or provide for the authorization of, officers, employees or agents to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name and on behalf of the Corporation. Any such authorization must be in writing or by electronic transmission and may be general or limited to specific contracts or instruments.
Section 7.6    Certificate of Incorporation. All references in these Bylaws to the Certificate of Incorporation shall be deemed to refer to the Certificate of Incorporation of the Corporation, as amended and in effect from time to time, including any certificate of designations in effect from time to time with respect to Preferred Stock.
Section 7.7    Construction. The words “include” and “including” and similar terms shall be deemed to be followed by the words “without limitation.” Whenever used in these Bylaws, any noun or pronoun shall be deemed to include the plural as well as the singular and to cover all genders. Any reference in these Bylaws to provision of any statute shall be deemed to include any successor provision. Unless the context otherwise requires, the term “person” shall be deemed to include any natural person or any corporation, organization or other entity.
ARTICLE VIII    
INVESTMENT POLICY
Section 8.1    Investment Policy. Subject to the provisions of the Certificate of Incorporation, the Board of Directors may from time to time adopt, amend, revise or terminate any policy or policies with respect to investments by the Corporation as it shall deem appropriate in its sole discretion.

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ARTICLE IX    

INDEMNIFICATION
Section 9.1    Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings other than Those by or in the Right of the Corporation. Subject to Section 9.3 of this Article IX, the Corporation shall indemnify and hold harmless to the fullest extent authorized by Delaware law any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the Corporation), by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees), judgments, fines, and amounts paid in settlement actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe such person’s conduct was unlawful. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement, conviction, or upon a plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent, shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act in good faith and in a manner which such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had reasonable cause to believe that such person’s conduct was unlawful.
Section 9.2    Power to Indemnify in Actions, Suits or Proceedings by or in the Right of the Corporation. Subject to Section 9.3 of this Article IX, the Corporation shall indemnify any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or completed action or suit by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor by reason of the fact that such person is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with the defense or settlement of such action or suit if such person acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation; except that no indemnification shall be made in respect of any claim, issue or matter as to which such person shall have been adjudged to be liable to the Corporation unless and only to the extent that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or the court in which such action or suit was brought shall determine upon application that, despite the adjudication of liability but in view of all the circumstances of the case, such person is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnity for such expenses that the Court of Chancery or such other court shall deem proper.

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Section 9.3    Authorization of Indemnification. Any indemnification under this Article IX (unless ordered by a court) shall be made by the Corporation only as authorized in the specific case upon a determination that indemnification of the present or former director or officer is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 9.1 or Section 9.2 of this Article IX, as the case may be. Such determination shall be made, with respect to a person who is a director or officer at the time of such determination, (i) by a majority vote of the directors who are not parties to such action, suit or proceeding, even though less than a quorum, or (ii) by a committee of such directors designated by a majority vote of such directors, even though less than a quorum, or (iii) if there are no such directors, or if such directors so direct, by independent legal counsel in a written opinion or (iv) by the stockholders. Such determination shall be made, with respect to former directors and officers, by any person or persons having the authority to act on the matter on behalf of the Corporation. To the extent, however, that a present or former director or officer of the Corporation has been successful on the merits or otherwise in defense of any action, suit or proceeding described above, or in defense of any claim, issue or matter therein, such person shall be indemnified against expenses (including attorneys’ fees) actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection therewith, without the necessity of authorization in the specific case.
Section 9.4    Good Faith Defined. For purposes of any determination under Section 9.3 of this Article IX, a person shall be deemed to have acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation, or, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, to have had no reasonable cause to believe such person’s conduct was unlawful, if such person’s action is based on the records or books of account of the Corporation or another enterprise, or on information supplied to such person by the officers of the Corporation or another enterprise in the course of their duties, or on the advice of legal counsel for the Corporation or another enterprise or on information or records given or reports made to the Corporation or another enterprise by an independent certified public accountant or by an appraiser or other expert selected with reasonable care by the Corporation or another enterprise. The provisions of this Section 9.4 shall not be deemed to be exclusive or to limit in any way the circumstances in which a person may be deemed to have met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 9.1 or Section 9.2 of this Article IX, as the case may be.
Section 9.5    Indemnification by a Court. Notwithstanding any contrary determination in the specific case under Section 9.3 of this Article IX, and notwithstanding the absence of any determination thereunder, any director or officer may apply to the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware or any other court of competent jurisdiction in the State of Delaware for indemnification to the extent otherwise permissible under Section 9.1 or Section 9.2 of this Article IX. The basis of such indemnification by a court shall be a determination by such court

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that indemnification of the director or officer is proper in the circumstances because such person has met the applicable standard of conduct set forth in Section 9.1 or Section 9.2 of this Article IX, as the case may be. Neither a contrary determination in the specific case under Section 9.3 of this Article IX nor the absence of any determination thereunder shall be a defense to such application or create a presumption that the director or officer seeking indemnification has not met any applicable standard of conduct. Notice of any application for indemnification pursuant to this Section 9.5 shall be given to the Corporation promptly upon the filing of such application. If successful, in whole or in part, the director or officer seeking indemnification shall also be entitled to be paid the expense of prosecuting such application; provided, however, that such notice shall not be a requirement for an award of or a determination of entitlement to indemnification or advancement of expenses.
Section 9.6    Expenses Payable in Advance. To the fullest extent authorized by Delaware law, expenses (including attorneys’ and other professionals’ fees and disbursements and court costs) incurred by a director or officer in defending any civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit or proceeding shall be paid by the Corporation in advance of the final disposition of such action, suit or proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of such director or officer to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such person is not entitled to be indemnified by the Corporation as authorized in this Article IX. Such expenses (including attorneys’ fees) incurred by former directors and officers or other employees and agents may be so paid upon such terms and conditions, if any, as the Corporation deems appropriate.
Section 9.7    Non-exclusivity of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses. The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by, or granted pursuant to, this Article IX shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which those seeking indemnification or advancement of expenses may be entitled under the Certificate of Incorporation, these Bylaws, any agreement, vote of stockholders or disinterested directors or otherwise, both as to action in such person’s official capacity and as to action in another capacity while holding such office, it being the policy of the Corporation that indemnification of and advancement of expenses to the persons specified in Section 9.1 and Section 9.2 of this Article IX shall be made to the fullest extent permitted by law, including as a result of any amendment of the DGCL expanding the right of corporations to indemnify and advance expenses. The provisions of this Article IX shall not be deemed to preclude the indemnification of any person who is not specified in Section 9.1 or Section 9.2 of this Article IX but whom the Corporation has the power or obligation to indemnify under the provisions of the DGCL, or otherwise. The Corporation’s obligation, if any, to indemnify, to hold harmless, or to provide advancement of expenses to any indemnitee who was or is serving at its request as a director, officer, employee, agent or manager of another corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, trust or other enterprise or nonprofit entity (including service with respect to an employee benefit plan) shall be reduced by any amount such indemnitee actually collects as indemnification,

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holding harmless, or advancement of expenses from such other corporation, partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, trust or other enterprise nonprofit entity.
Section 9.8    Insurance. The Corporation may purchase and maintain at its expense insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a director or officer of the Corporation, or is or was a director or officer of the Corporation serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by such person in any such capacity, or arising out of such person’s status as such, whether or not the Corporation would have the power or the obligation to indemnify such person against such liability under the provisions of this Article IX or Delaware law. Nothing contained in this Article IX shall prevent the Corporation from entering into with any person any agreement that provides independent indemnification, hold harmless or exoneration rights to such person or further regulates the terms on which indemnification, hold harmless or exoneration rights are to be provided to such person or provides independent assurance of any one or more of the Corporation’s obligations to indemnify, hold harmless, and exonerate such person, whether or not such indemnification, hold harmless or exoneration rights are on the same or different terms than provided for by this Article IX or is in respect of such person acting in any other capacity, and nothing contained herein shall be exclusive of, or a limitation on, any right to indemnification, to be held harmless, to exoneration or to advancement of expenses to which any person is otherwise entitled. The Corporation may create a trust fund, grant a security interest or use other means (including a letter of credit) to ensure the payment of such amounts as may be necessary to effect indemnification and the advancement of expenses as provided in this Article IX.
Section 9.9    Certain Definitions. For purposes of this Article IX, references to the “Corporation” shall include, in addition to the resulting corporation, any constituent corporation (including any constituent of a constituent) absorbed in a consolidation or merger which, if its separate existence had continued, would have had power and authority to indemnify its directors or officers, so that any person who is or was a director or officer of such constituent corporation, or is or was a director or officer of such constituent corporation serving at the request of such constituent corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent of another corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, shall stand in the same position under the provisions of this Article IX with respect to the resulting or surviving corporation as such person would have with respect to such constituent corporation if its separate existence had continued. The term “another enterprise” as used in this Article IX shall mean any other corporation or any partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise of which such person is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee or agent. For purposes of this Article IX, references to “fines” shall include any excise taxes assessed on a person with respect to an

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employee benefit plan; and references to “serving at the request of the Corporation” shall include any service as a director, officer, employee or agent of the Corporation which imposes duties on, or involves services by, such director or officer with respect to an employee benefit plan, its participants or beneficiaries; and a person who acted in good faith and in a manner such person reasonably believed to be in the interest of the participants and beneficiaries of an employee benefit plan shall be deemed to have acted in a manner “not opposed to the best interests of the Corporation” as referred to in this Article IX.
Section 9.10    Survival of Indemnification and Advancement of Expenses. The indemnification and advancement of expenses provided by, or granted pursuant to, this Article IX shall, unless otherwise provided when authorized or ratified, continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director or officer and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs, executors and administrators of such a person.
Section 9.11    Contractual Rights. The rights conferred upon any person in this Article IX shall be contract rights and such rights shall continue as to any person who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee, trustee or agent, and shall inure to the benefit of such person’s heirs, executors and administrators. A right to indemnification or to advancement of expenses arising under any provision of this Article IX shall not be eliminated or impaired by an amendment, alteration or repeal of any provision of the Bylaws of this Corporation after the occurrence of the act or omission that is the subject of the proceeding for which indemnification or advancement of expenses is sought (even in the case of a proceeding based on such a state of facts that is commenced after such time).
Section 9.12    Limitation on Indemnification. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Article IX to the contrary, except for proceedings to enforce rights to indemnification (which shall be governed by Section 9.5 of this Article IX), the Corporation shall not be obligated to indemnify any director or officer (or such director’s or officer’s heirs, executors or personal or legal representatives) or advance expenses in connection with a proceeding (or part thereof) initiated by such person unless such proceeding (or part thereof) was authorized or consented to by the Board of Directors of the Corporation.
Section 9.13    Indemnification of Employees and Agents. The Corporation may, to the extent authorized from time to time by the Board of Directors, provide rights to indemnification and to the advancement of expenses to employees and agents of the Corporation similar to those conferred in this Article IX to directors and officers of the Corporation.
Section 9.14    Severability. If this Article IX or any portion hereof shall be invalidated or held to be unenforceable on any ground by any court of competent jurisdiction, the decision of which shall not have been reversed on appeal, this Article IX shall be deemed to be modified to the minimum extent necessary to avoid a violation of law and, as so modified, this Article and the remaining

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provisions hereof shall remain valid and enforceable in accordance with their terms to the fullest extent permitted by law.
ARTICLE X    

FORUM FOR ADJUDICATION OF CERTAIN DISPUTES
Section 10.1    Forum for Adjudication of Certain Disputes. Unless the Corporation consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum (an “Alternative Forum Consent”), the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware shall be the sole and exclusive forum for (i) any derivative action or proceeding brought on behalf of the Corporation, (ii) any action asserting a claim of breach of a fiduciary duty owed by any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation to the Corporation or the Corporation’s stockholders, (iii) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation or any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation arising out of or relating to any provision of the DGCL or the Corporation’s Certificate of Incorporation or Bylaws, or (iv) any action asserting a claim against the Corporation or any director, officer, stockholder, employee or agent of the Corporation governed by the internal affairs doctrine of the State of Delaware; provided, however, that, in the event that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware lacks subject matter jurisdiction over any such action or proceeding, the sole and exclusive forum for such action or proceeding shall be another state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, in each such case, unless the Court of Chancery (or such other state or federal court located within the State of Delaware, as applicable) has dismissed a prior action by the same plaintiff asserting the same claims because such court lacked personal jurisdiction over an indispensable party named as a defendant therein. Failure to enforce the foregoing provisions would cause the Corporation irreparable harm and the Corporation shall be entitled to equitable relief, including injunctive relief and specific performance, to enforce the foregoing provisions. Any person or entity purchasing or otherwise acquiring any interest in shares of capital stock of the Corporation shall be deemed to have notice of and consented to the provisions of this Section 10.1 of Article X. The existence of any prior Alternative Forum Consent shall not act as a waiver of the Corporation’s ongoing consent right as set forth above in this Section 10.1 of Article X with respect to any current or future actions or claims.
ARTICLE XI    

AMENDMENTS
Section 11.1    Amendments. These Bylaws may be altered, amended or repealed, in whole or in part, or new Bylaws may be adopted by the stockholders

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or by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that notice of such alteration, amendment, repeal or adoption of new Bylaws be contained in the notice of such meeting (if there is one) of the stockholders or Board of Directors, as the case may be. All such alterations, amendments, repeals or adoptions must be approved by either the affirmative vote of the holders of at least 66 2/3% of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote thereon or by a majority of the Entire Board of Directors. Notwithstanding the foregoing or any other provision of these Bylaws (and in addition to any other vote that may be required by law), the affirmative vote of the holders of at least eighty percent (80%) of the voting power of the then issued and outstanding shares of capital stock of the Corporation entitled to vote thereon shall be required to amend, alter, change or repeal, or to adopt any provision as part of these Bylaws inconsistent with the purpose and intent of Section 2.3 (Special Meetings), Section 2.11 (Consent of Stockholders in Lieu of Meeting), Section 3.1 (Duties and Powers), Section 3.2 (Number and Election of Directors), Section 3.3 (Vacancies), Section 3.6 (Resignations and Removals of Directors), this Article XI and Article XIII (Definitions) (collectively, the “Specified Bylaws”).
ARTICLE XII    

DEFINITIONS
Section 12.1    Certain Defined Terms. For purposes of these Bylaws, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(a)beneficially own” and “beneficial ownership” and similar terms used herein shall be determined in accordance with Rules 13d-3 and 13d-5 under the Exchange Act.

(b)Entire Board of Directors” means, at any given time, the total number of directors fixed at such time pursuant to Section 3.2.

(c)Independent Director” shall mean a director who (i) qualifies as an “independent director” within the meaning of the corporate governance listing standards from time to time adopted by the NYSE (or, if at any time the Corporation’s common stock is not listed on the NYSE and is listed on a stock exchange other than the NYSE, the applicable

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corporate governance listing standards of such stock exchange) with respect to the composition of the board of directors of a listed company (without regard to any independence criteria applicable under such standards only to the members of a committee of the board of directors) and (ii) also satisfies the minimum requirements of director independence of Rule 10A-3(b)(1) under the Exchange Act (as from time to time in effect), whether or not such director is a member of the audit committee.

(d)Listing” shall mean the listing of the Common Stock on the NYSE or other national securities exchange.
NYSE” shall mean the New York Stock Exchange.
 
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Adopted as of: June 13, 2019



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