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Section 1: 8-K


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549 
 
FORM 8-K 
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of report (Date of earliest event reported): May 7, 2019 
Protective Insurance Corporation
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Indiana
 
0-5534
 
35-0160330
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation)
 
(Commission
File Number)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 

111 Congressional Boulevard, Carmel IN
 
46032
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code 317-636-9800

Not Applicable
 (Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report) 
 Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):
 
 

Written communication pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
 

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).
 
Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.        

 
   
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
   
   
Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
   
Class A Common Stock, No Par Value
PTVCA
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
   
Class B Common Stock, No Par Value
PTVCB
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC


Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition

The following information, including the Exhibit to this Form 8-K, is being furnished pursuant to Item 2.02 - Results of Operations and Financial Condition of Form 8-K. This information is not deemed to be "filed" for the purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and is not incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Exchange Act, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such a filing.

On May 7, 2019, Protective Insurance Corporation (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing the results of its operations for the quarter ended March 31, 2019.  The Company also posted the press release, with additional financial and operating information for the quarter ended March 31, 2019, to its website.  A copy of the press release, including such additional financial and operating information, is attached as Exhibit 99.1 to this Form 8-K and incorporated by reference into this Item 2.02 as if fully set forth herein.

Throughout its press release and in the conference call to discuss the results of its operations for the first quarter of 2019, the Company presents and will present its results and operations in the manner it believes will be the most meaningful, which includes some measures that are not based on accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP).
The Company’s management uses the term income (loss) from core business operations, a non-GAAP financial measure, which is defined as income before federal income tax expense excluding pre-tax realized and unrealized investment gains and losses.  This financial measure is used to evaluate the Company’s operating performance because the recognition of realized investment gains and losses, and occurrence of unrealized gains, could distort the analysis of trends in the core underwriting business.  The Company believes equity analysts exclude gains and losses on investments in their analysis of the Company’s results.
The combined ratios and the components thereof, as presented herein, are commonly used in the property/casualty insurance industry and are applied to the Company’s GAAP underwriting results.
Item 9.01  Financial Statements and Exhibits

(d)
Exhibits.
99.1  Protective Insurance Corporation press release dated May 7, 2019.


SIGNATURES


Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


PROTECTIVE INSURANCE CORPORATION



May 7, 2019                                                                      By   /s/ John D. Nichols, Jr.
          John D. Nichols, Jr.,
          Interim Chief Executive Officer & Chairman of the Board of Directors 



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Section 2: EX-99.1


Protective Insurance Corporation                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  May 7, 2019
Unaudited First Quarter Financial Statements                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Investor Contact:  William Vens
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       [email protected]
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (317) 429-2554

PROTECTIVE INSURANCE CORPORATION ANNOUNCES FIRST QUARTER 2019 RESULTS

Carmel, Indiana, May 7, 2019—Protective Insurance Corporation (NASDAQ: PTVCA, PTVCB) today reported results for the first quarter of 2019.  The Company produced  first quarter net income of $2.7 million, or $0.18 per share, which compares to net income of $0.3 million, or $0.02 per share, for the prior year’s first quarter.

Book value per share increased by $0.68 per share to $24.63 during the first quarter of 2019, an increase of 2.8% in the quarter and total value creation of 3.3% including the $0.10 per share dividend paid to shareholders during the first quarter of 2019.
Net investment income increased 34.4% for the first quarter of 2019 compared to the prior year.
Combined ratio of 108.0% for the first quarter of 2019, down from 112.2% for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Repurchased $3.5 million (197,397 shares) since January 1, 2019.  These purchases are immediately accretive to book value, given an average repurchase price of 72% of March 31, 2019 book value ($3.0 million of the $3.5 million in repurchases occurred after March 31, 2019).

Net premiums earned for the first quarter of 2019 increased to $110.0 million, up 4.3% compared to the prior year period.  Gross premiums written for the first quarter of 2019 were flat at $148.9 million compared to $148.8 million written during the prior year period.  The higher net premiums earned is attributable to changes to the Company’s reinsurance structure for commercial automobile coverages.

Underwriting operations produced a combined ratio of 108.0% during the first quarter of 2019 compared to a combined ratio of 99.8% for the prior year period.  The first quarter 2019 increase in the combined ratio reflects an increase in the current accident-year loss ratio related to severe commercial automobile losses, including continued emergence of severity.  Adverse prior year development, including variable premium adjustment provisions in our historical reinsurance treaties, was $0.5 million (the net of $1.6 million of additional ceded premium from commercial automobile coverages offset by $1.1 million of favorable prior year reserve development primarily from workers’ compensation and independent contractor coverages).  The Company continues to maintain current accident-year loss ratios at a level consistent with rising severity expectations in commercial automobile.  In our agency placed commercial automobile excess and medium fleet product lines the Company attained double-digit rate increases during the first quarter of 2019.  As a result, the premium retention rate achieved in these product lines was 66%, resulting from our commitment to remain disciplined in our underwriting and create long-term value for our stakeholders.

Commercial automobile products covered by our reinsurance treaties are subject to an aggregate stop-loss provision. Once this aggregate stop-loss level is reached, for every $100 of additional loss, the Company is responsible only for its $25 retention.  The following table illustrates the financial impact of a further 5% or 10% increase in ultimate losses for each of the five most recent reinsurance treaty years (2014-2018) covering these commercial automobile products:


   
5% Increase in Ultimate Loss Ratio
   
10% Increase in Ultimate Loss Ratio
 
Gross loss expense from further strengthening current reserve position
 
$
35.3
   
$
70.7
 
Net financial loss
   
9.2
     
18.1
 
$/share (after tax)
 
$
0.49
   
$
0.96
 

Net investment income for the first quarter of 2019 increased 34.4% to $6.2 million compared to $4.6 million in the prior year period.  The increase reflects: higher average funds invested resulting from positive cash flow, as well as a reallocation from equity investments held in limited partnerships into short duration, high quality bonds.  Our fixed income investment portfolio continues to emphasize shorter-duration instruments. If there was a hypothetical increase in interest rates of 100 basis points, the price of our bonds at March 31, 2019 would be expected to fall by approximately 2.7%.   Credit quality remains high with a weighted average rating of AA-, including cash.

During the first quarter of 2019, the Company reallocated approximately $31.1 million of equity securities, including distributions from limited partnerships, into short-duration, high quality bonds.  This reallocation was consistent with investment activity throughout 2018 where approximately $122 million of equity securities were reallocated to short-duration treasuries.  These equity sales further solidified the conservative nature of our high quality, short-duration investment portfolio; opportunistically utilized the lower corporate tax rate of 21%, which was beneficial given the low tax basis of many of these equity positions; and were accretive to income.

The Company continues to focus on our operating initiative of expense discipline, reflected in the 2.4% decline in the expense ratio during the first quarter of 2019 when compared to the first quarter of 2018.  We will continue to manage our expense base, particularly as we gain greater clarity on the impact of continuing to attain increasing premium rates, and the influence of increased rates upon the retention of renewing policies.

Book value per share as of March 31, 2019 was $24.63, an increase of $0.68 per share during the first quarter, after the payment of cash dividends to shareholders totaling $0.10 per share.

The Company's net income, determined in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) includes items that may not be indicative of ongoing operations. The following table reconciles income before federal income tax expense (benefit) to underwriting income (loss), a non-GAAP financial measure that is a useful tool for investors and analysts in analyzing ongoing operating trends.


   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Income before federal income tax expense (benefit)
 
$
3,514
   
$
314
 
Less: Net realized gains (losses) on investments
   
(299
)
   
376
 
Less: Net unrealized gains (losses) - equity securities and limited partnerships
   
6,327
     
(4,909
)
Income (loss) from core business operations
 
$
(2,514
)
 
$
4,847
 
Less: Net investment income
   
6,232
     
4,636
 
Underwriting income (loss)
 
$
(8,746
)
 
$
211
 

Loss from core business operations, before federal income tax expense, was $2.5 million for the first quarter of 2019 compared to income from core business operations, before federal income tax expense, of $4.8 million during the first quarter of 2018.
The Company’s management uses the term income (loss) from core business operations, a non-GAAP financial measure, which is defined as income before federal income tax expense excluding pre-tax realized and unrealized investment gains and losses.  This financial measure is used to evaluate the Company’s operating performance because the recognition of realized investment gains and losses, and occurrence of unrealized gains, could distort analysis of trends in the core underwriting business.

The combined ratios and the components, as presented herein, are commonly used in the property/casualty insurance industry and are applied to the Company’s GAAP underwriting results.




Conference Call Information:
Protective Insurance Corporation has scheduled its quarterly conference call for Wednesday, May 8, 2019, at 11:00 AM EST to discuss results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019.
To participate via teleconference, investors may dial 1-877-705-6003 (U.S./Canada) or 1-201-493-6725 (International or local) at least five minutes prior to the beginning of the call.  A replay of the call will be available through May 15, 2019 by calling 1-844-512-2921 or 1-412-317-6671 and referencing passcode 13689060.  Investors and interested parties may also listen to the call via a live webcast, accessible on the company’s web site via a link at the top of the main Investor Relations page.  To participate in the webcast, please register at least fifteen minutes prior to the start of the call.  The webcast will be archived on this site until November 8, 2019.  The webcast may be accessed directly at: http://public.viavid.com/index.php?id=133750.
Also available on the investor relations section of our web site is an investor presentation providing additional information to be reviewed in conjunction with our earnings call.  We have also made available complete interim financial statements and copies of our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

The accompanying unaudited condensed financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q but do not include all of the information and footnotes as disclosed in the Company’s annual audited financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for fair presentation have been included.
Forward-looking statements in this report are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  Investors are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties.  Readers are encouraged to review the Company's annual report for its full statement regarding forward-looking information.



Protective Insurance Corporation and Subsidiaries
           
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
           
(in thousands, except per share data)
           
             
             
             
   
March 31
   
December 31
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
Assets
           
Investments 1:
           
   Fixed income securities (2019: $669,128; 2018: $600,504)
 
$
671,973
   
$
592,645
 
   Equity securities
   
68,956
     
66,422
 
   Limited partnerships, at equity
   
38,239
     
55,044
 
   Commercial mortgage loans
   
7,844
     
6,672
 
   Short-term 2
   
1,000
     
1,000
 
     
788,012
     
721,783
 
Cash and cash equivalents
   
117,418
     
163,996
 
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
   
15,888
     
6,815
 
Accounts receivable
   
108,974
     
102,972
 
Reinsurance recoverable
   
404,424
     
392,436
 
Other assets
   
95,572
     
88,426
 
Current federal income taxes
   
6,025
     
7,441
 
Deferred federal income taxes
   
3,478
     
6,262
 
   
$
1,539,791
   
$
1,490,131
 
                 
Liabilities and shareholders' equity
               
Reserves for losses and loss expenses
 
$
894,221
   
$
865,339
 
Reserves for unearned premiums
   
80,332
     
71,625
 
Borrowings under line of credit
   
20,000
     
20,000
 
Accounts payable and other liabilities
   
179,168
     
177,085
 
     
1,173,721
     
1,134,049
 
Shareholders' equity:
               
   Common stock-no par value
   
634
     
634
 
   Additional paid-in capital
   
55,049
     
54,720
 
   Accumulated other comprehensive income ( loss)
   
1,416
     
(7,347
)
   Retained earnings
   
308,971
     
308,075
 
     
366,070
     
356,082
 
   
$
1,539,791
   
$
1,490,131
 
                 
Number of common and common
               
    equivalent shares outstanding
   
14,865
     
14,869
 
Book value per outstanding share
 
$
24.63
   
$
23.95
 
                 
1 2019 & 2018 cost in parentheses
               
2 Approximates cost
               




Protective Insurance Corporation and Subsidiaries
           
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
           
(in thousands, except per share data)
           
             
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
Revenues
           
Net premiums earned
 
$
110,013
   
$
105,462
 
Net investment income
   
6,232
     
4,636
 
Commissions and other income
   
2,064
     
1,814
 
Net realized gains (losses) on investments, excluding impairment losses
   
(39
)
   
376
 
Other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments
   
(260
)
   
-
 
Net unrealized gains (losses) on equity securities and limited partnership investments
   
6,327
     
(4,909
)
Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments
   
6,028
     
(4,533
)
     
124,337
     
107,379
 
Expenses
               
Losses and loss expenses incurred
   
87,122
     
72,298
 
Other operating expenses
   
33,701
     
34,767
 
     
120,823
     
107,065
 
Income before federal income tax expense (benefit)
   
3,514
     
314
 
Federal income tax expense (benefit)
   
766
     
(16
)
Net income
 
$
2,748
   
$
330
 
                 
Per share data - diluted:
               
Income (loss) before net gains (losses) on investments
 
$
(.14
)
 
$
.22
 
Net gains (losses) on investments
   
.32
     
(.20
)
Net income
 
$
.18
   
$
.02
 
                 
Dividends
 
$
.10
   
$
.28
 
                 
Reconciliation of shares outstanding:
               
Average shares outstanding - basic
   
14,848
     
15,010
 
Dilutive effect of share equivalents
   
30
     
24
 
Average shares outstanding - diluted
   
14,878
     
15,034
 




Protective Insurance Corporation and Subsidiaries
           
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
           
(in thousands)
           
             
   
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
$
11,405
   
$
8,027
 
Investing activities:
               
   Purchases of available-for-sale investments
   
(140,645
)
   
(140,820
)
   Purchases of limited partnership interests
   
-
     
(200
)
   Proceeds from sales or maturities
               
       of available-for-sale investments
   
68,975
     
103,657
 
   Proceeds from sales of equity securities
   
9,169
     
59,757
 
   Purchase of insurance company-owned life insurance
   
-
     
(10,000
)
   Purchase of commercial mortgage loans
   
(1,172
)
   
-
 
   Distributions from limited partnerships
   
17,214
     
-
 
   Other investing activities
   
(797
)
   
(1,214
)
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
   
(47,256
)
   
11,180
 
Financing activities:
               
   Dividends paid to shareholders
   
(1,493
)
   
(4,229
)
   Repurchase of common shares
   
(468
)
   
(235
)
Net cash used in financing activities
   
(1,961
)
   
(4,464
)
                 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
   
307
     
(223
)
                 
Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents
   
(37,505
)
   
14,520
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
170,811
     
68,713
 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
133,306
   
$
83,233
 




Financial Highlights (unaudited)
           
Protective Insurance Corporation and Subsidiaries
           
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
 
   
March 31
 
   
2019
   
2018
 
             
Annualized
           
Book value per share beginning of period
 
$
23.95
   
$
27.83
 
Book value per share end of period
   
24.63
     
27.38
 
Change in book value per share
 
$
0.68
   
$
(0.45
)
Dividends paid
   
0.10
     
0.28
 
Change in book value per share plus dividends paid
 
$
0.78
   
$
(0.17
)
Total value creation 1
   
13.0
%
   
(2.4
%)
                 
                 
Return on average shareholders' equity:
               
Average shareholders' equity
   
361,076
     
415,311
 
                 
Net income
   
2,748
     
330
 
Less: Net realized gains (losses) on investments, net of tax
   
4,762
     
(3,581
)
Net operating income (loss)
   
(2,014
)
   
3,911
 
                 
Return on net income 2
   
3.0
%
   
0.3
%
Return on net operating income (loss) 2
   
(2.2
%)
   
3.8
%
                 
                 
Loss and LAE expenses incurred
 
$
87,122
   
$
72,298
 
Net premiums earned
   
110,013
     
105,462
 
     Loss and LAE ratio
   
79.2
%
   
68.6
%
                 
Other operating expenses
 
$
33,701
   
$
34,767
 
Less: Commissions and other income
   
2,064
     
1,814
 
Other operating expenses, less commissions and other income
 
$
31,637
   
$
32,953
 
Net premiums earned
   
110,013
     
105,462
 
     Expense ratio
   
28.8
%
   
31.2
%
                 
     Combined ratio 3
   
108.0
%
   
99.8
%
                 
                 
Gross premiums written
 
$
148,893
   
$
148,823
 
Net premiums written
   
115,322
     
113,434
 
                 
1 Total Value Creation equals change in book value plus dividends paid, divided by beginning book value. Quarterly amounts have been annualized.
 
2 Quarterly amounts have been annualized
               
3 The combined ratio is calculated as ratio of losses and loss expenses incurred, plus other operating expenses, less commission and other income to net premiums earned.
 








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