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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
(Mark One)
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 29, 2019
or
¨    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to    
Commission File Number: 001-36341        
Vectrus, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Indiana
 
38-3924636
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 
2424 Garden of the Gods Road, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80919
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:
(719) 591-3600
Securities Registered Under Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
Trading symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 Per Share
VEC
New York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ   No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  þ    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer þ
Non-accelerated filer ¨
 
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 

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If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes ¨
No  þ
As of May 3, 2019, there were 11,423,215 shares of common stock ($0.01 par value per share) outstanding.

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VECTRUS, INC.
INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS



Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

VECTRUS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
Revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516

Cost of revenue
 
295,596

 
294,050

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
19,919

 
17,795

Operating income
 
10,413

 
8,671

Interest expense, net
 
(1,575
)
 
(1,164
)
Income from operations before income taxes
 
8,838

 
7,507

Income tax expense
 
1,747

 
1,396

Net income
 
$
7,091

 
$
6,111

 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.63

 
$
0.55

Diluted
 
$
0.62

 
$
0.54

Weighted average common shares outstanding - basic
 
11,292

 
11,146

Weighted average common shares outstanding - diluted
 
11,399

 
11,338

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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VECTRUS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
7,091

 
$
6,111

Other comprehensive income, net of tax
 
 
 
 
Changes in derivative instruments:
 
 
 
 
Net change in fair value of interest rate swap
 
(381
)
 
520

Net change in fair value of foreign currency forward contracts
 
(98
)
 
(5
)
Net gain reclassified to interest expense
 
20

 
1

Tax benefit (expense)
 
99

 
(113
)
Net change in derivative instruments
 
(360
)
 
403

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
 
(823
)
 
487

Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2018-02 reclassification of certain tax effects to Retained Earnings
 
(259
)
 

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
(1,442
)
 
890

Total comprehensive income
 
$
5,649

 
$
7,001

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.


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VECTRUS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
 
 
March 29,
 
December 31,
(In thousands, except share information)
 
2019
 
2018
Assets
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Current assets
 
 
 
 
Cash
 
$
48,174

 
$
66,145

Receivables
 
244,116

 
232,119

Other current assets
 
13,938

 
15,063

Total current assets
 
306,228

 
313,327

Property, plant, and equipment, net
 
14,961

 
13,419

Goodwill
 
233,619

 
233,619

Intangible assets, net
 
14,559

 
8,630

Right-of-use assets
 
19,627

 

Other non-current assets
 
4,075

 
3,248

Total non-current assets
 
286,841

 
258,916

Total Assets
 
$
593,069

 
$
572,243

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
143,837

 
$
156,393

Compensation and other employee benefits
 
48,607

 
41,790

Short-term debt
 
5,000

 
4,500

Other accrued liabilities
 
37,193

 
22,303

Total current liabilities
 
234,637

 
224,986

Long-term debt, net
 
67,736

 
69,137

Deferred tax liability
 
54,049

 
55,358

Other non-current liabilities
 
8,403

 
1,462

Total non-current liabilities
 
130,188

 
125,957

Total liabilities
 
364,825

 
350,943

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)
 

 

Shareholders' Equity
 

 

Preferred stock; $0.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized; No shares issued and outstanding
 

 

Common stock; $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized; 11,352,107 and 11,266,906 shares issued and outstanding as of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
 
114

 
113

Additional paid in capital
 
72,764

 
71,729

Retained earnings
 
159,966

 
152,616

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(4,600
)
 
(3,158
)
Total shareholders' equity
 
228,244

 
221,300

Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity
 
$
593,069

 
$
572,243

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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VECTRUS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
7,091

 
$
6,111

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation expense
 
788

 
403

Amortization of intangible assets
 
571

 
406

Loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment
 

 
40

Stock-based compensation
 
1,462

 
1,415

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
99

 
106

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Receivables
 
(12,650
)
 
(37,042
)
Other assets
 
94

 
(1,164
)
Accounts payable
 
(11,367
)
 
9,497

Deferred taxes
 
(1,090
)
 
(827
)
Compensation and other employee benefits
 
6,724

 
5,788

Other liabilities
 
1,892

 
3,630

Net cash used in operating activities
 
(6,386
)
 
(11,637
)
Investing activities
 
 
 
 
Purchases of capital assets and intangibles
 
(9,886
)
 
(73
)
Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired
 

 
(37,210
)
Net cash used in investing activities
 
(9,886
)
 
(37,283
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
 
Repayments of long-term debt
 
(1,000
)
 
(1,000
)
Proceeds from revolver
 
48,000

 
31,000

Repayments of revolver
 
(48,000
)
 
(31,000
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
 
602

 
1,309

Payments of employee withholding taxes on share-based compensation
 
(683
)
 
(785
)
Net cash used in financing activities
 
(1,081
)
 
(476
)
Exchange rate effect on cash
 
(618
)
 
690

Net change in cash
 
(17,971
)
 
(48,706
)
Cash-beginning of year
 
66,145

 
77,453

Cash-end of period
 
$
48,174

 
$
28,747

 
 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
 
Interest paid
 
$
988

 
$
991

Income taxes (refunded) paid
 
$
(296
)
 
$
198

Non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
Purchase of capital assets on account
 
$
(966
)
 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

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VECTRUS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES TO SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
Common Stock Issued
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
 
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
 
Total Shareholders' Equity
(In thousands)
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
Retained Earnings
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
11,121

 
$
111

 
$
67,526

 
$
117,415

 
$
(1,680
)
 
$
183,372

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6,111

 
 
 
6,111

Cumulative effects of adoption of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606 revenue recognition guidance
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(77
)
 

 
(77
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
487

 
487

Unrealized loss on cash flow hedge
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
403

 
403

Employee stock awards and stock options
 
101

 
1

 
522

 
 
 
 
 
523

Stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
867

 
 
 
 
 
867

Balance at March 30, 2018
 
11,222

 
$
112

 
$
68,915

 
$
123,449

 
$
(790
)
 
$
191,686

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2018
 
11,267

 
$
113

 
$
71,729

 
$
152,616

 
$
(3,158
)
 
$
221,300

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
7,091

 
 
 
7,091

Cumulative effects of adoption of Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2018-02 reclassification of certain tax effects from AOCI
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
259

 
(259
)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(823
)
 
(823
)
Unrealized gain on cash flow hedge
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(360
)
 
(360
)
Employee stock awards and stock options
 
85

 
1

 
(82
)
 
 
 
 
 
(81
)
Stock-based compensation
 
 
 
 
 
1,117

 
 
 
 
 
1,117

Balance at March 29, 2019
 
11,352

 
$
114

 
$
72,764

 
$
159,966

 
$
(4,600
)
 
$
228,244



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NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
NOTE 1
DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
Our Business
Vectrus, Inc. is a leading provider of services to the United States (U.S.) government worldwide. We operate as one segment and offer facility and logistics services and information technology and network communications services.
Vectrus was incorporated in the State of Indiana on February 4, 2014. On September 27, 2014, Exelis Inc. (Exelis) completed a spin-off (the Spin-off) of Vectrus, and Vectrus became an independent, publicly traded company. Unless the context otherwise requires, references in these notes to "Vectrus", "we," "us," "our," "the Company" and "our Company" refer to Vectrus, Inc. References in these notes to Exelis or "Former Parent" refer to Exelis Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries (other than Vectrus).
Basis of Presentation
Our quarterly financial periods end on the Friday closest to the last day of the calendar quarter (March 29, 2019 for the first quarter of 2019 and March 30, 2018 for the first quarter of 2018), except for the last quarter of the fiscal year, which ends on December 31. For ease of presentation, the quarterly financial statements included herein are described as three months ended.
The unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements of Vectrus have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Accordingly, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (GAAP) have been omitted. These unaudited interim Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
It is management’s opinion that these financial statements include all normal and recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and operating results. Net sales and net earnings for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of future or annual results.
Leases
Beginning with our January 1, 2019 adoption of the new lease accounting standard, operating leases are included on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, other accrued liabilities and other non-current liabilities.
ROU assets represent our right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Lease ROU assets and liabilities are recognized at the commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit interest rate, we use our incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date in determining the present value of lease payments. The incremental borrowing rate as of January 1, 2019 was applied to operating leases in effect as of that date. The operating lease ROU asset also includes any prepaid lease payments and excludes lease incentives. Many of our leases include one or more options to renew or terminate the lease, solely at our discretion. Such options are factored into the lease term when it is reasonably certain that we will exercise the option. Lease expense for lease payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term.
As allowed under ASC Topic 842, we elected the package of practical expedients permitted under the transition guidance which allowed us to carry forward the historical lease classification, assessment of whether a contract was or contained a lease and assessment of initial direct costs. In addition, we have made policy elections to apply the short-term leases practical expedient, whereby leases with a term of twelve months or less are not capitalized and recorded on our balance sheet, and the practical expedient to not separate lease components from nonlease components. The latter expedient is applied to all of our leases. We did not elect to apply the hindsight practical expedient in determining lease terms and assessing impairment of ROU assets. See Note 2,"Recent Accounting Pronouncements" and Note 10,"Leases" for further information.

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Reclassifications
Certain reclassifications have been made to the presentation of amounts in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 30, 2018 to conform to the current year presentation. Specifically, depreciation and amortization which were combined and disclosed as one amount are now presented separately.

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NOTE 2
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Accounting Standards Issued But Not Yet Effective
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU 2017-04. The objective of ASU 2017-04 is to simplify the subsequent measurement of goodwill by entities performing their annual goodwill impairment tests by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit, including income tax effects from any tax-deductible goodwill, with its carrying amount and, in instances where the carrying amount exceeds the fair value, recognizing an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds fair value. ASU 2017-04 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of ASU 2017-04 is permitted on goodwill impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. ASU 2017-04 should be applied on a prospective basis. The standard is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Other new pronouncements issued but not effective are not expected to have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Accounting Standards That Were Adopted
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act). We adopted the provisions of ASU 2018-02 during the first quarter of 2019 and recorded a $0.3 million decrease to accumulated other comprehensive income and a corresponding increase to beginning retained earnings to reflect the changes in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate as a result of the Tax Act. As a result of the adoption of ASU 2018-02, our policy to release income tax effects in accumulated other comprehensive income is consistent with the underlying book method.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, with amendments issued in 2018. The objective of ASU 2016-02 is to recognize lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases under previous GAAP. The standard requires lessees to recognize most leases on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets but does not change the manner in which expenses are recorded in the income statement. We adopted the standard during the first quarter of 2019 using the cumulative-effect adjustment transition method, which applies the provisions of the standard at the effective date without adjusting comparative periods presented.
See Note 1,"Description of Business and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies" and Note 10,"Leases" for further information.
In 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, which provided guidance to amend and simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance to better portray the economic results of risk management activities in the financial statements. The guidance expands the ability to hedge nonfinancial and financial risk components, eliminates the requirements to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness, as well as eases certain hedge effectiveness assessment requirements. We adopted the provisions of ASU 2017-12 during the first quarter of 2019. Adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements or disclosures.
NOTE 3
REVENUE
Performance Obligations
A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer a distinct good or service to the customer and is the unit of account in ASC Topic 606. A contract’s transaction price is allocated to each distinct performance obligation and recognized as revenue when, or as, the performance obligation is satisfied. To determine the proper revenue recognition method, consideration is given as to whether a single contract should be accounted for as more than one performance obligation. For most of our contracts, the customer contracts with us to perform an integrated set of tasks and deliverables as a single service solution, whereby each service is not separately identifiable from other promises in the contract. As a result, when this integrated set of tasks exists, the contract is accounted for as one performance obligation. The vast majority of our contracts have a single performance obligation. Unexercised contract options and indefinite delivery and indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts are considered to be separate contracts when the option or IDIQ task order is exercised or awarded.
Contract modifications are routine in the performance of our contracts. Contracts are often modified to account for changes in contract specifications or requirements. In most instances, contract modifications are for goods or services that are not distinct, and therefore, are accounted for as part of the existing contract.

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Our performance obligations are satisfied over time as services are provided throughout the contract term. We recognize revenue over time using the input method (e.g., costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at completion) to measure progress. Our over time recognition is reinforced by the fact that our customers simultaneously receive and consume the benefits of our services as they are performed. This continuous transfer of control requires that we track progress towards completion of performance obligations in order to measure and recognize revenue. Determining progress on performance obligations requires us to make judgments that affect the timing of revenue recognition. Remaining performance obligations represent firm orders by the customer and exclude potential orders under IDIQ contracts, unexercised contract options and contracts awarded to us that are being protested by competitors with the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) or in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. The level of order activity related to programs can be affected by the timing of government funding authorizations and their project evaluation cycles. Year-over-year comparisons could, at times, be impacted by these factors, among others.
Our contracts are multi-year contracts and typically include an initial period of one year or less with annual one-year (or less) option periods. The number of option periods varies by contract, and there is no guarantee that an option period will be exercised. The right to exercise an option period is at the sole discretion of the U.S. government when we are the prime contractor or of the prime contractor when we are a subcontractor. We expect to recognize a substantial portion of our performance obligations as revenue within the next 12 months. However, the U.S. government or the prime contractor may cancel any contract at any time through a termination for convenience or for cause. Most of our contracts have terms that would permit us to recover all or a portion of our incurred costs and fees for work performed in the event of a termination for convenience.
Remaining performance obligations increased by $619.7 million as of March 29, 2019 as compared to December 31, 2018. We expect to recognize approximately 75% of the remaining performance obligations as of March 29, 2019 as revenue in 2019, and the remaining 25% during 2020. Remaining performance obligations as of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018 are presented in the following table:
 
 
March 29,
 
December 31,
(In millions)
 
2019
 
2018
Performance Obligations
 
$
1,478

 
$
858


Contract Estimates
Accounting for contracts and programs involves the use of various techniques to estimate total contract revenue and costs. For contracts, we estimate the profit on a contract as the difference between the total estimated revenue and expected costs to complete a contract and recognize that profit over the life of the contract.
Contract estimates are based on various assumptions to project the outcome of future events. These assumptions include labor productivity and availability; the complexity of the services being performed; the cost and availability of materials; the performance of subcontractors; and the availability and timing of funding from the customer.
The impact of adjustments in contract estimates on our operating income can be reflected in either revenue or cost of revenue. Cumulative adjustments for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 are presented in the following table:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Favorable adjustments
 
$
2,502

 
$
4,152

Unfavorable adjustments
 
(3,585
)
 
(1,311
)
Net (unfavorable) favorable adjustments
 
$
(1,083
)
 
$
2,841


For the three months ended March 29, 2019, the net unfavorable adjustments to operating income decreased revenue by $0.4 million and for the three months ended March 30, 2018, the net favorable adjustments to operating income increased revenue by $3.4 million.
Revenue by Category
Generally, the sales price elements for our contracts are cost-plus, cost-reimbursable or firm-fixed-price. We commonly have elements of cost-plus, cost-reimbursable and firm-fixed-price contracts on a single contract. On a cost-plus type contract, we are paid our allowable incurred costs plus a profit, which can be fixed or variable depending on the

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contract’s fee arrangement, up to funding levels predetermined by our customers. On cost-plus type contracts, we do not bear the risks of unexpected cost overruns, provided that we do not incur costs that exceed the predetermined funded amounts. Most of our cost-plus contracts also contain a firm-fixed-price element. Cost-plus type contracts with award and incentive fee provisions are our primary variable contract fee arrangement. Award fees provide for a fee based on actual performance relative to contractually specified performance criteria. Incentive fees provide for a fee based on the relationship between total allowable and target cost. On most of our contracts, a cost-reimbursable element captures consumable materials required for the program. Typically, these costs do not bear fees.
On a firm-fixed-price type contract, we agree to perform the contractual statement of work for a predetermined contract price. A firm-fixed-price type contract typically offers higher profit margin potential than a cost-plus type contract, which is commensurate with the greater levels of risk we assume on a firm-fixed-price type contract. Although a firm-fixed-price type contract generally permits us to retain profits if the total actual contract costs are less than the estimated contract costs, we bear the risk that increased or unexpected costs may reduce our profit or cause us to sustain losses on the contract. Although the overall scope of work required under the contract may not change, profit may be adjusted as experience is gained and as efficiencies are realized or costs are incurred.
The following tables present our revenue disaggregated by several categories. Revenue by contract type for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Cost-plus and cost-reimbursable ¹
 
$
251,478

 
$
230,208

Firm-fixed-price
 
74,450

 
90,308

Total revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516


 
 
 
 
¹ Includes time and material contracts
 
 
 
 

Revenue by geographic region in which the contract is performed for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Middle East
 
$
226,416

 
$
219,880

United States
 
71,410

 
73,788

Europe
 
28,102

 
26,848

Total revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516


Revenue by contract relationship for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Prime contractor
 
$
307,058

 
$
301,028

Subcontractor
 
18,870

 
19,488

Total revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516



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Revenue by customer for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 is as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Army
 
$
226,692

 
$
237,847

Air Force
 
67,931

 
65,255

Navy
 
15,110

 
8,357

Other
 
16,195

 
9,057

Total revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516

Contract Balances
The timing of revenue recognition, billings and cash collections results in billed and unbilled accounts receivable (contract assets) and customer advances and deposits (contract liabilities) on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amounts are billed as work progresses in accordance with agreed-upon contractual terms at periodic intervals (e.g., biweekly or monthly). Generally, billing occurs subsequent to revenue recognition, resulting in contract assets. However, we may receive advances or deposits from our customers, before revenue is recognized, resulting in contract liabilities. These advance billings and payments are not considered significant financing components because they are frequently intended to ensure that both parties are in conformance with the primary contract terms. These assets and liabilities are reported on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period.
As of March 29, 2019, we had contract assets of $195.7 million. Refer to Note 7, "Receivables" for additional information regarding the composition of our receivables balances. As of March 29, 2019, our contract liabilities were insignificant.
NOTE 4
SENTEL ACQUISITION
On January 23, 2018, we acquired 100% of the outstanding common stock of SENTEL Corporation (SENTEL). In accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations, we accounted for this transaction using the acquisition method. We conducted valuations of certain acquired assets and liabilities for inclusion in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of the date of acquisition. Assets that normally would not be recorded in ordinary operations (i.e., intangibles related to contractual relationships) were recorded at their estimated fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired was recorded as goodwill.
The total net consideration paid for the acquisition was $36.9 million, consisting of the purchase price of $36.0 million and $0.9 million in excess of the working capital requirement agreed upon in the stock purchase agreement entered into among our wholly-owned subsidiary Vectrus Systems Corporation (VSC), SENTEL, R&R Enterprises, Inc. and Russell T. Wright. The acquisition was funded by utilizing cash on hand and available capacity from our Amended Revolver (as defined in Note 8, "Debt").
A breakdown of the purchase price allocation, net of cash acquired, is as follows:
(In thousands)
Allocation of Purchase Price
Receivables
$
23,339

Property, plant and equipment
810

Goodwill
16,689

Intangible assets
10,500

Other current assets
975

Accounts payable
(10,012
)
Other current liabilities
(5,446
)
Purchase price, net of cash acquired
$
36,855

With the acquisition of SENTEL, we recognized two intangible assets related to customer contracts, the backlog and the contract re-competes arising from the acquisition. The fair value of the backlog was $6.5 million, and the fair value of the contract re-competes was $4.0 million with an amortization period of 4.0 years and 8.0 years, respectively.
Additionally, we recognized goodwill of $16.7 million arising from the acquisition, which relates primarily to growth opportunities based on a broader service offering in the converging physical and digital infrastructure market, and enhancing

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our information technology, technical solutions and logistics capabilities, while expanding our client base to customers in the U.S. intelligence community. The goodwill recognized for the SENTEL acquisition is fully deductible for income tax purposes.
SENTEL’s results of operations have been included in our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the periods subsequent to the acquisition on January 23, 2018. For the quarters ended March 29, 2019, and March 30, 2018, SENTEL contributed $34.9 million and $23.1 million of revenue, respectively. Income from operations before income taxes for SENTEL was insignificant for both periods.

NOTE 5
INCOME TAXES
Effective Tax Rate
Our quarterly income tax expense is measured using an estimated annual effective income tax rate. The comparison of effective income tax rates between periods may be significantly affected by discrete items recognized during the periods, the level and mix of earnings by tax jurisdiction and permanent differences.
For the three months ended March 29, 2019, we recorded income tax provisions of $1.7 million associated with income from operations before income taxes, compared to income tax provisions of $1.4 million for the three months ended March 30, 2018, representing effective income tax rates of 19.8% and 18.6%, respectively. This higher effective tax rate is a result of one time discretionary items. The effective income tax rates vary from the federal statutory rate of 21.0% due to state taxes, required tax income exclusions, nondeductible expenses and available deductions not reflected in book income.
Uncertain Tax Provisions
As of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, unrecognized tax benefits from uncertain tax positions were $2.0 million and $1.8 million, respectively.
NOTE 6
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted EPS reflects potential dilution that could occur if securities to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock. Diluted EPS includes the dilutive effect of stock-based compensation outstanding after application of the treasury stock method.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
7,091

 
$
6,111

 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
11,292

 
11,146

Add: Dilutive impact of stock options
 
29

 
80

Add: Dilutive impact of restricted stock units
 
78

 
112

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
 
11,399

 
11,338

 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.63

 
$
0.55

Diluted
 
$
0.62

 
$
0.54



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The following table provides a summary of securities that could potentially dilute basic earnings per share in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because to do so would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 29,
 
March 30,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Anti-dilutive stock options
 
13

 
1

Anti-dilutive restricted stock units
 
4

 
1

Total
 
17

 
2

NOTE 7
RECEIVABLES
Receivables were comprised of the following:
 
 
March 29,
 
December 31,
(In thousands)
 
2019
 
2018
Billed receivables
 
$
42,147

 
$
44,868

Unbilled receivables (contract assets)
 
195,696

 
181,009

Other
 
6,273

 
6,242

Total receivables
 
$
244,116

 
$
232,119

As of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, all billed receivables are due from the U.S. government, either directly as prime contractor to the U.S. government or as subcontractor to another prime contractor to the U.S. government. Because our billed receivables are with the U.S. government, we do not believe they represent a material credit risk exposure.
Unbilled receivables are contract assets that represent revenue recognized on long-term contracts in excess of amounts billed as of the balance sheet date. We estimate that approximately $2.3 million of our unbilled receivables as of March 29, 2019 may not be collected within the next 12 months. These amounts relate to the timing of the U.S. government review of indirect rates and contract line item realignments with our customers. Changes in the balance of receivables are primarily due to the timing differences between our performance and customers' payments.
NOTE 8
DEBT
Senior Secured Credit Facilities
Term Loan and Revolver. In September 2014, we and our wholly-owned subsidiary, VSC, entered into a credit agreement with a group of lenders, including JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as administrative agent. The credit agreement was subsequently amended in November 2017 by the Amendment and Restatement Agreement (the Amendment Agreement) with a group of lenders, including JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent. The Amendment Agreement provides for $200.0 million in senior secured financing, consisting of a $80.0 million five-year term loan facility (the Amended Term Loan) and a $120.0 million five-year senior secured revolving credit facility (the Amended Revolver, and together with the Amended Term Loan, the Amended Credit Facilities).
The Amended Revolver is available for working capital, capital expenditures, and other general corporate purposes. Up to $25.0 million of the Amended Revolver is available for the issuance of letters of credit. There were no outstanding borrowings under the Amended Revolver at March 29, 2019. As of March 29, 2019, there were seven letters of credit outstanding in the aggregate amount of $10.2 million, which reduced our borrowing availability to $109.8 million under the Amended Revolver. The Amended Revolver will mature and the commitments thereunder will terminate on November 15, 2022.
The aggregate scheduled maturities of the Amended Term Loan, are as follows:

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(In thousands)
 
Payments due
2019 (excluding the three months ended March 29, 2019)
 
$
3,500

2020
 
6,500

2021
 
8,600

2022
 
55,400

Total
 
$
74,000

We may voluntarily prepay the Amended Term Loan in whole or in part at any time without premium or penalty, subject to the payment of customary breakage costs under certain conditions. Amounts borrowed under the Amended Term Loan that are repaid or prepaid may not be re-borrowed.
The Amended Credit Facilities contain customary covenants, including covenants that, under certain circumstances and subject to certain qualifications and exceptions: limit or restrict our ability to incur additional indebtedness; merge, dissolve, liquidate or consolidate; make acquisitions, investments, advances or loans; dispose of or transfer assets; pay dividends; redeem or repurchase certain debt; and enter into certain restrictive agreements. As of March 29, 2019, the maximum amount of dividends we could pay was $19.3 million. For further discussion on dividends, please refer to "Liquidity and Capital Resources - Dividends" in Item 2. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
In addition, we are required to comply with (a) a maximum ratio of total consolidated indebtedness to consolidated earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) of 3.00 to 1.00 (3.25 to 1.00 for the 12 months following a qualified acquisition), and (b) a minimum ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense (net of cash interest income) of 4.50 to 1.00. As of March 29, 2019, we had a ratio of total consolidated indebtedness to EBITDA of 1.20 to 1.00 and a ratio of consolidated EBITDA to consolidated interest expense of 11.09 to 1.00. We were in compliance with all covenants related to the Amended Credit Facilities as of March 29, 2019.
Interest Rates and Fees. Outstanding borrowings under the Amended Credit Facilities accrue interest, at our option, at a per annum rate of (i) LIBOR plus the applicable margin, which ranges from 1.75% to 2.50% depending on the leverage ratio, or (ii) a base rate plus the applicable margin, which ranges from 0.75% to 1.50% depending on the leverage ratio. The interest rate under the Amended Credit Facilities at March 29, 2019 was 4.50%.
Carrying Value and Fair Value. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the fair value of the Amended Credit Facilities approximated the carrying value because the debt bears interest at a floating rate of interest. The fair value is based on observable inputs of interest rates that are currently available to us for debt with similar terms and maturities for non-public debt.
NOTE 9
DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
During the periods covered by this report, we have made no changes to our policies or strategies for the use of derivative instruments and there has been no change in our related accounting methods.
Interest Rate Derivative Instruments
Our interest rate swaps are designated and qualify as effective cash flow hedges. The contracts, with expiration dates through November 2022 and notional amounts totaling $55.6 million at March 29, 2019, are recorded at fair value.
The following table summarizes the amount at fair value and location of the derivative instruments used for our interest rate hedges in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 29, 2019:
(In thousands)
 
Fair Value
 
 
Balance sheet caption
 
Amount
Interest rate swap designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other current assets
 
$
73

Interest rate swap designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
18

Interest rate swap designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other non-current liabilities
 
$
198

The following table summarizes the amount at fair value and location of the derivative instruments used for our interest rate hedges in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018:
(In thousands)
 
Fair Value
 
 
Balance sheet caption
 
Amount
Interest rate swap designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other current assets
 
$
121

Interest rate swap designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other non-current assets
 
$
104


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We regularly assess the creditworthiness of the counterparty. As of March 29, 2019, the counterparty to the interest rate swaps had performed in accordance with its contractual obligations. Both the counterparty credit risk and our credit risk were considered in the fair value determination.
Foreign Currency Derivative Instruments
The following table summarizes the amount at fair value and location of the derivative instruments used for our forward contract hedges in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 29, 2019:
(In thousands)
 
Fair Value
 
 
Balance sheet caption
 
Amount
Foreign currency forward designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
413

Foreign currency forward designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other non-current liabilities
 
$
43

The following table summarizes the amount at fair value and location of the derivative instruments used for our forward contract hedges in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018:
(In thousands)
 
Fair Value
 
 
Balance sheet caption
 
Amount
Foreign currency forward designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other accrued liabilities
 
$
351

Foreign currency forward designated as cash flow hedge
 
Other non-current liabilities
 
$
7

At March 29, 2019, we had outstanding foreign currency forward contracts, for the exchange of U.S. dollars and Euros, with a notional amount of $7.3 million and expiration dates through June 2020.
Counterparty default risk is considered low because the forward contracts that we entered into, beginning in November 2017, are over-the-counter instruments transacted with highly-rated financial institutions. We were not required to, and did not, post collateral as of March 29, 2019.

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NOTE 10
Leases
We determine whether an arrangement contains a lease at inception. We have operating leases for office space, apartments, vehicles, and machinery and equipment. Our operating leases have lease terms of less than one year to ten years.
We do not separate lease components (e.g., fixed payments for rent) from non-lease components (e.g., common area maintenance) but account for the non-lease components and non-components (e.g., property taxes and insurance) in a contract as part of the single lease component to which they are related.
The components of lease expense are as follows:

 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
 
March 29, 2019
Operating lease expense
 
$
3,416

Variable lease expense
 
173

Short-term lease expense
 
11,197

Total lease expense
 
$
14,786

Supplemental balance sheet information related to our operating leases is as follows:
 
 
March 29,
(In thousands)
 
2019
Right-of-use assets
 
$
19,627

 
 
 
Current lease liabilities (recorded in other accrued liabilities)
 
$
12,282

Long-term lease liabilities (recorded in other non-current liabilities)
 
8,027

Total operating lease liabilities
 
$
20,309

Initial ROU assets of $19.2 million were recognized as non-cash asset additions with the adoption of the new lease accounting standard. Additional ROU assets of $3.5 million were recognized as non-cash asset additions that resulted from new operating lease liabilities during the first quarter of 2019.
The weighted average remaining lease term and discount rate for our operating leases at March 29, 2019 were 3.6 years and 5.9%, respectively.
Maturities of lease liabilities at March 29, 2019 were as follows:
(In thousands)
 
 
Year ending December 31,
 
 
2019 (excluding the three months ended March 29, 2019)
 
$
13,063

2020
 
3,158

2021
 
1,250

2022
 
864

2023
 
886

2024 and beyond
 
4,187

    Total lease payments
 
$
23,408

Less: Imputed interest
 
3,099

   Total
 
$
20,309

NOTE 11
GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
As of both March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018 the carrying amount of goodwill was $233.6 million. There was no related activity during the first quarter of 2019.
As of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the carrying amount of the amortizable intangible assets was $14.6 million and $8.6 million, respectively. The increase of $6.0 million during the first quarter of 2019 was related to $6.5 million of

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new intangible assets offset by approximately $0.6 million of intangible amortization expense. Intangible amortization expense was $0.4 million during the first quarter of 2018.
Amortizing intangible assets, which carry a remaining average life of approximately six years, are principally composed of customer contracts, related backlogs and re-competes.
NOTE 12
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
We maintain an equity incentive plan (the 2014 Omnibus Plan) to govern awards granted to Vectrus employees and directors, including nonqualified stock options (NQOs), restricted stock units (RSUs), total shareholder return (TSR) awards and other awards. We account for NQOs and stock-settled RSUs as equity-based compensation awards. TSR awards, described below, and cash-settled RSUs are accounted for as liability-based compensation awards.
Stock-based compensation expense and the associated tax benefits impacting our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Compensation costs for equity-based awards
 
$
1,117

 
$
867

Compensation costs for liability-based awards
 
345

 
548

Total compensation costs, pre-tax
 
$
1,462

 
$
1,415

Future tax benefit
 
$
316

 
$
306

Liability-based awards are revalued at the end of each reporting period to reflect changes in fair value.
As of March 29, 2019, total unrecognized compensation costs related to equity-based awards and liability-based awards were $6.8 million and $3.3 million, respectively, which are expected to be recognized ratably over a weighted average period of 2.34 years and 2.39 years, respectively.
The following table provides a summary of the activities for NQOs and RSUs for the three months ended March 29, 2019:
 
 
NQOs
 
RSUs
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price Per Share
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value Per Share
Outstanding at January 1, 2019
 
251

 
$
23.00

 
257

 
$
28.90

Granted
 

 

 
165

 
$
27.74

Exercised
 
(34
)
 
$
17.63

 

 

Vested
 

 

 
(92
)
 
$
26.32

Forfeited or expired
 
(11
)
 
$
21.27

 
(6
)
 
$
26.03

Outstanding at March 29, 2019
 
206

 
$
23.98

 
324

 
$
29.12

For employee RSUs, one-third of the award vests on each of the three anniversary dates following the grant date. Director RSUs are granted on the date of an annual meeting of shareholders and vest on the business day immediately prior to the next annual meeting. The fair value of each RSU grant was determined based on the closing price of Vectrus common stock on the date of grant. Stock compensation expense will be recognized ratably over the vesting period of the awards.
Total Shareholder Return Awards
TSR awards are performance-based cash awards that are subject to a three-year performance period. Any payments earned are made in cash following completion of the performance period according to the achievement of specified performance goals. During the three months ended March 29, 2019, we granted TSR awards with an aggregate target TSR value of $2.2 million. The fair value of TSR awards is measured quarterly and is based on the Company’s performance relative to the performance of the Aerospace and Defense Companies in the S&P 1500 Index. Depending on the Company’s performance during the three-year performance period, payments can range from 0% to 200% of the target value.

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NOTE 13
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
General
From time to time, we are involved in legal proceedings that are incidental to the operation of our business. Some of these proceedings seek remedies relating to employment matters, matters in connection with our contracts and matters arising under laws relating to the protection of the environment. Additionally, U.S. government customers periodically advise the Company of claims and penalties concerning certain potential disallowed costs. When such findings are presented, Vectrus and the U.S. government representatives engage in discussions to enable Vectrus to evaluate the merits of these claims as well as to assess the amounts being claimed. Where appropriate, provisions are made to reflect probable losses related to the matters raised by the U.S. government representatives. Such assessments, along with any assessments regarding provisions for legal proceedings, are reviewed on a quarterly basis for sufficiency based on the most recent information available to us. We have estimated and accrued $6.0 million and $7.8 million as of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, in "Other accrued liabilities" in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets for legal proceedings and for claims with respect to our government contracts as discussed below, including open years subject to audit. Although the ultimate outcome of any legal matter or claim cannot be predicted with certainty, based on present information, including our assessment of the merits of the particular claim, we do not expect that any asserted or unasserted legal or contractual claims or proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, including the lawsuit discussed below, will have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, results of operations or financial condition.
U.S. Government Contracts, Investigations and Claims
We have U.S. government contracts that are funded incrementally on a year-to-year basis. Changes in government policies, priorities or funding levels through agency or program budget reductions by the U.S. Congress or executive agencies could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition or results of operations. Furthermore, our contracts with the U.S. government may be terminated or suspended by the U.S. government at any time, with or without cause. Such contract suspensions or terminations could result in unreimbursable expenses or charges or otherwise adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Departments and agencies of the U.S. government have the authority to investigate various transactions and operations of the Company, and the results of such investigations may lead to administrative, civil or criminal proceedings, the ultimate outcome of which could be fines, penalties, repayments or compensatory or treble damages. U.S. government regulations provide that certain findings against a contractor may lead to suspension or debarment from future U.S. government contracts or the loss of export privileges for a company or an operating division or subdivision. Suspension or debarment could have a material adverse effect on the Company because of its reliance on U.S. government contracts.
U.S. government agencies, including the Defense Contract Audit Agency, the Defense Contract Management Agency and others, routinely audit and review our performance on government contracts, indirect rates and pricing practices, and compliance with applicable contracting and procurement laws, regulations and standards. Accordingly, costs billed or billable to U.S. government customers are subject to potential adjustment upon audit by such agencies. The U.S. government agencies also review the adequacy of our compliance with government standards for our business systems, including our accounting, earned value management, estimating, materials management and accounting, purchasing, and property management systems.
As a result of final indirect rate negotiations between the U.S. government and our Former Parent, we may be subject to potential adjustments to costs previously allocated by our Former Parent to our business, which was formerly Exelis’ Mission Systems Business, from 2007 through 2014. Because we do not participate in indirect rate negotiations between the U.S. government and our Former Parent, we cannot reasonably predict the likelihood of such adjustments or the ultimate responsible party. We have recently been in discussions with our Former Parent regarding the negotiated adjustments for 2007-2012 and believe that our potential cumulative liability for these years is insignificant. We currently do not have insight into the 2013 and 2014 negotiations or potential adjustments.
NOTE 14
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
LOGCAP V Award
On April 12, 2019, the U.S. Army Contracting Command-Rock Island (ACC-RI) awarded four IDIQ, Multiple Award Task Order Contracts (MATOC), for the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) V support services in support of the U.S. military worldwide. The services are to support the Geographical Combatant Commands (GCCs) and Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs) throughout the full range of military operations. Each basic IDIQ contract Ordering Period will be an initial five-year ordering period and options for five additional one-year ordering periods.

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VSC is one of the four award recipients of the basic IDIQ contract and received the following task orders: PACOM Setting the Theater Task Order and associated Performance Task Order; and CENTCOM Setting the Theater Task Order and associated Performance Task Order. Each task order has its own period of performance. Several protests of the LOGCAP V award have been filed with the GAO. We cannot predict the timing or outcome of the resolution of these or other protests of this award. 
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q as well as the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto and the information under the heading "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018. This Quarterly Report provides additional information regarding the Company, our services, industry outlook and forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates, assumptions and projections about our industry, business and future financial results. Our actual results could differ materially from the results contemplated by these forward-looking statements. Refer to "Forward-Looking Information" for further information regarding forward-looking statements. Amounts presented in and throughout this Item 2 are rounded and, as such, any rounding differences could occur in period over period changes and percentages reported.
Overview
Vectrus is a leading provider of services to the U.S. government worldwide. We operate in one segment and offer facility and logistics services and information technology and network communications services.
Our primary customer is the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), with a high concentration in the U.S. Army. For the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, we had total revenue of $325.9 million and $320.5 million, respectively, all of which was derived from U.S. government customers. For the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, we generated approximately 70% and 74%, respectively, of our total revenue from the U.S. Army.
Executive Summary
Our revenue increased by $5.4 million, or 1.7%, for the three months ended March 29, 2019 compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018. The increase in revenue was attributable to increases from our Middle East programs of $6.5 million and our European programs of $1.3 million, offset by a decrease of $2.4 million in our U.S. programs.
Operating income for the three months ended March 29, 2019, was $10.4 million, an increase of $1.7 million, or 20.1%, compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018. This increase was primarily due to increases of $2.3 million from our Middle East programs and $0.6 million from our U.S. programs, offset by a decrease of $1.2 million from our European programs.
During the performance of our contracts, we periodically review estimated final contract prices and costs and make revisions as required, which are recorded as changes in revenue and cost of revenue in the periods in which they are determined. Additionally, the fees under certain contracts may be increased or decreased in accordance with cost or performance incentive provisions which measure actual performance against established targets or other criteria. Such incentive fee awards or penalties are included in revenue when there is sufficient information to reasonably assess anticipated contract performance. Amounts representing contract change orders, claims, requests for equitable adjustment, or limitations in funding on contracts are recorded only if it is probable the claim will result in additional contract revenue and the amounts can be reliably estimated. Changes in estimated revenue, cost of revenue and the related effect to operating income are recognized using cumulative adjustments, which recognize in the current period the cumulative effect of the changes on current and prior periods based on a contract's percentage of completion. Cumulative adjustments due to aggregate changes in contract estimates decreased operating income by $1.1 million for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and increased operating income by $2.8 million for the three months ended March 30, 2018. Cumulative adjustments are driven by changes in contract terms, program performance, customer scope changes and changes to estimates in the reported period. These changes can increase or decrease operating income depending on the dynamics of each contract.
Further details related to our financial results for the three months ended March 29, 2019, compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018, are contained in the "Discussion of Financial Results" section.
Recent Developments
On April 12, 2019, the U.S. Army Contracting Command-Rock Island (ACC-RI) awarded four IDIQ, Multiple Award Task Order Contracts (MATOC), for the Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP) V support services in support of the U.S. military worldwide. The services are to support the Geographical Combatant Commands (GCCs) and Army Service Component Commands (ASCCs) throughout the full range of military operations. Each basic IDIQ contract Ordering Period will be an initial five-year ordering period and options for five additional one-year ordering periods.
VCS is one of the four award recipients of the basic IDIQ contract and received the following task orders: PACOM Setting the Theater Task Order and associated Performance Task Order; and CENTCOM Setting the Theater Task Order and

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associated Performance Task Order. Each task order has its own period of performance. Several protests of the LOGCAP V award have been filed with the GAO. We cannot predict the timing or outcome of the resolution of these or other protests of this award. 
Information regarding certain other significant contracts is discussed in "Significant Contracts" below.
Significant Contracts
The following table reflects contracts that accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018:
 
 
% of Total Revenue
 
 
Three Months Ended
Contract Name
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Kuwait Base Operations and Security Support Services (K-BOSSS)
 
37.3%
 
40.4%
Operations, Maintenance and Defense of Army Communications in Southwest Asia and Central Asia (OMDAC-SWACA)
 
15.6%
 
13.7%
Revenue associated with a contract will fluctuate based on increases or decreases in the work being performed on the contract, award fee payments, and other contract modifications within the term of the contract resulting in changes to the total contract value. See "Backlog" below.
The K-BOSSS contract currently is exercised through March 28, 2020, with an additional six-month option through September 28, 2020. We were notified by the U.S. Government on January 17, 2019 of its intent to exercise an option to extend the contract through March 28, 2020 with an additional six-month option period through September 28, 2020. K-BOSSS, our largest base operations support services contract, supports geographically-dispersed locations within the State of Kuwait, including several camps and a range training complex. K-BOSSS provides critical base operations support and security support services, including forms, publications, and reproduction services; U.S. Army postal operations; range operations and maintenance; logistics; information management; public works; environmental services; medical administrative support; morale, welfare and recreation; and security, fire and emergency services. The K-BOSSS contract was re-competed as a task order under the LOGCAP V contract vehicle, which was awarded April 12, 2019 (see "Recent Developments" above).The K-BOSSS contract contributed $121 million and $129 million of revenue for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, respectively.
On November 29, 2018, VSC received notice of a $247.9 million modification and extension of the Operations, Maintenance and Defense of Army Communications in Southwest Asia and Central Asia contract (OMDAC-SWACA) for enterprise network capabilities and services support of the U.S. Central Command. Work will be based in Kuwait with additional locations throughout Southwest Asia. The estimated completion date is February 28, 2020. This extension consists of one twelve-month extension with a two-month option period and a one-month option period.
Backlog
Total backlog includes remaining performance obligations, consisting of funded backlog (firm orders for which funding is contractually obligated by the customer) and unfunded backlog (firm orders for which funding is not currently contractually obligated by the customer, and unexercised contract options). Total backlog excludes potential orders under IDIQ contracts and contracts awarded to us that are being protested by competitors with the GAO or in the U.S. Court of Federal Claims. The value of the backlog is based on anticipated revenue levels over the anticipated life of the contract. Actual values may be greater or less than anticipated. Total backlog is converted into revenue as work is performed. The level of order activity related to programs can be affected by the timing of government funding authorizations and their project evaluation cycles. Year-over-year comparisons could, at times, be impacted by these factors, among others.
Our contracts are multi-year contracts and typically include an initial period of one year or less with annual one-year (or less) option periods for the remaining contract period. The number of option periods vary by contract, and there is no guarantee that an option period will be exercised. The right to exercise an option period is at the sole discretion of the U.S. government when we are the prime contractor or of the prime contractor when we are a subcontractor. The U.S. government may also extend the term of a program by issuing extensions or bridge contracts, typically for periods of one year or less.
We expect to recognize a substantial portion of our funded backlog as revenue within the next 12 months. However, the U.S. government or the prime contractor may cancel any contract at any time through a termination for convenience. Most of our contracts have terms that would permit us to recover all or a portion of our incurred costs and fees for work performed in the event of a termination for convenience.

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For the three months ended March 29, 2019, total backlog increased by $343 million. As of March 29, 2019, total backlog (funded and unfunded) was $3.4 billion as set forth in the following table:

March 29,
 
December 31,
(In millions)
2019

2018
Funded backlog
$
1,100

 
$
689

Unfunded backlog
2,254

 
2,323

Total backlog
$
3,354

 
$
3,012

Funded orders (different from funded backlog) represent orders for which funding was received during the period. We received funded orders of $646.1 million during the three months ended March 29, 2019, which was an increase of $410.8 million compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018.
Economic Opportunities, Challenges and Risks
The U.S. government’s investment in services and capabilities in response to changing security challenges creates a complex and fluid business environment for Vectrus and other firms in this market segment. The pace and depth of U.S. government acquisition reform and cost savings initiatives, combined with increased industry competitiveness to win long-term positions on key programs, could add pressure to revenue levels and profit margins going forward. However, we expect the U.S. government will continue to place a high priority on national security and will continue to invest in affordable solutions for its facilities, logistics, equipment and communication needs, which aligns with our services and strengths. Further, the DoD budget remains the largest in the world and management believes our addressable portion of the DoD budget offers substantial opportunity for growth.
We believe spending on operation and maintenance of defense assets, as well as civilian agency infrastructure and equipment, will continue to be a U.S. government priority. Our focus is on sustaining facilities, equipment and IT networks, which we believe aligns with our customers' intent to utilize existing equipment and infrastructure rather than executing new purchases. Many of the core functions we perform are mission-essential, including the following: (i) keeping communications networks operational; (ii) maintaining airfields; and (iii) providing emergency services. While customers may reduce the level of services required from us, we do not currently anticipate the complete elimination of these services.
The information provided above does not represent a complete list of trends and uncertainties that could impact our business in either the near or long-term and should be considered along with the risk factors identified under the caption “Risk Factors” identified in Part 1, Item 1A in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 and the matters identified under the caption “Forward-Looking Information" herein.

DISCUSSION OF FINANCIAL RESULTS
Three months ended March 29, 2019, compared to three months ended March 30, 2018
Selected financial highlights are presented in the following table:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Change
(In thousands, except for percentages)
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
 
$
 
%
Revenue
 
$
325,928

 
$
320,516

 
$
5,412

 
1.7
%
Cost of revenue
 
295,596

 
294,050

 
1,546

 
0.5
%
% of revenue
 
90.7
%
 
91.7
%
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
 
19,919

 
17,795

 
2,124

 
11.9
%
% of revenue
 
6.1
%
 
5.6
%
 
 
 
 
Operating income
 
10,413

 
8,671

 
1,742

 
20.1
%
Operating margin
 
3.2
%
 
2.7
%
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
 
(1,575
)
 
(1,164
)
 
411

 
35.3
%
Income before taxes
 
8,838

 
7,507

 
1,331

 
17.7
%
% of revenue
 
2.7
%
 
2.3
%
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense
 
1,747

 
1,396

 
351

 
25.1
%
Effective income tax rate
 
19.8
%
 
18.6
%
 
 
 
 
Net Income
 
$
7,091

 
$
6,111

 
$
980

 
16.0
%

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Revenue
Revenue for the three months ended March 29, 2019 was $325.9 million, an increase of $5.4 million, or 1.7%, as compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018. The increase in revenue was attributable to increases from our Middle East programs of $6.5 million and our European programs of $1.3 million, offset by a decrease of $2.4 million from our U.S. programs.
Cost of Revenue
Cost of revenue as a percentage of revenue was 90.7% compared to 91.7% for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and the three months ended March 30, 2018, respectively. The increase in cost of revenue of $1.5 million, or 0.5%, for the three months ended March 29, 2019, as compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018, was primarily due to increased revenue as described above.
Selling, General & Administrative (SG&A) Expenses
For the three months ended March 29, 2019, SG&A expenses of $19.9 million increased by $2.1 million, or 11.9%, as compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018 was due primarily to the impact of M&A activity and an increase in various miscellaneous expenses.
Operating Income
Operating income for the three months ended March 29, 2019 increased by $1.7 million, or 20.1%, as compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018. This increase was primarily due to higher operating income of $2.3 million from our Middle East programs and $0.6 million from our U.S. programs, offset by a decrease of $1.2 million from our European programs.
Operating income as a percentage of revenue was 3.2% for the three months ended March 29, 2019, compared to 2.7% for the three months ended March 30, 2018.
Aggregate cumulative adjustments decreased operating income by $1.1 million for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and increased operating income by $2.8 million for the three months ended March 30, 2018. The aggregate cumulative adjustments for the three months ended March 29, 2019 related to lower margins associated with labor-related items and management of contract staffing. The aggregate cumulative adjustments for the three months ended March 30, 2018 related to approved extensions with higher margins associated with labor-related items, management of contract staffing, favorable resolution of contract claims, and contract close out costs, offset by higher subcontractor costs. The gross aggregate effects of these favorable and unfavorable changes in estimates in the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 were $2.5 million and $4.2 million favorable to operating income, respectively, and $3.6 million and $1.3 million unfavorable to operating income, respectively.
Interest (Expense) Income, Net
Interest (expense) income, net for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018 was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Change
(In thousands, except for percentages)
 
March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
 
$
 
%
Interest income
 
$
39

 
$
17

 
$
22

 
129
 %
Interest expense
 
(1,614
)
 
(1,181
)
 
(433
)
 
(37
)%
Interest expense, net
 
$
(1,575
)
 
$
(1,164
)
 
$
(411
)
 
(35
)%
Interest income is directly related to interest earned on our cash. Interest expense is directly related to borrowings under our senior secured credit facilities, with the amortization of debt issuance costs and derivative instruments used to hedge a portion of our exposure to interest rate risk. The increase in interest expense of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 29, 2019 compared to the three months ended March 30, 2018 was due to increased use of our revolving credit facility in 2019 to finance short-term working capital requirements.
Income Tax Expense
We recorded income tax expense of $1.7 million and $1.4 million, for the three months ended March 29, 2019 and March 30, 2018, respectively, representing effective income tax rates of 19.8% and 18.6%, respectively. The lower 2018 effective income tax rate is a result of one time discretionary items.

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LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Liquidity
Historically, we have generated operating cash flow sufficient to fund our working capital, capital expenditure and financing requirements. We expect to fund our ongoing working capital, capital expenditure and financing requirements through cash flows from operations, cash on hand and access to capital markets. When necessary we will utilize our revolving credit facility to satisfy short-term working capital requirements.
If our cash flows from operations are less than we expect, we may need to access the long-term or short-term capital markets. Although we believe that our current financing arrangements will permit us to finance our operations on acceptable terms and conditions, our access to and the availability of financing on acceptable terms and conditions in the future will be impacted by many factors, including: (i) our credit ratings or absence of a credit rating, (ii) the liquidity of the overall capital markets and (iii) the current state of the economy. We cannot provide assurance that such financing will be available to us on acceptable terms or that such financing will be available at all.
The cash presented on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets consists of U.S. and international cash from wholly owned subsidiaries. Approximately $19.5 million of our total $48.2 million in cash at March 29, 2019 is held by our foreign subsidiaries and is not available to fund U.S. operations unless repatriated. We do not currently expect that we will be required to repatriate undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries. We expect our U.S. domestic cash resources will be sufficient to fund our U.S. operating activities and cash commitments for financing activities.
In September 2014, we and our wholly-owned subsidiary, VSC, entered into a credit agreement with a group of lenders, including JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. as administrative agent. The credit agreement was amended as of April 19, 2016, to modify certain financial and negative covenants (as so amended, the Credit Agreement). On November 15, 2017, we and VSC entered into an Amendment and Restatement Agreement (the Amendment Agreement) with a group of lenders, including JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as administrative agent, which provides for the amendment and restatement of the Credit Agreement. The Amendment Agreement provides for $200.0 million in senior secured financing, consisting of a $80.0 million five-year term loan facility (the Amended Term Loan) and a $120.0 million five-year senior secured revolving credit facility (the Amended Revolver, and together with the Amended Term Loan, the Amended Credit Facilities). We used $74.6 million from the Amended Term Loan to repay principal and accrued but unpaid interest on the Credit Agreement. There were no outstanding borrowings under the Amended Revolver at March 29, 2019. At March 29, 2019, there were seven letters of credit outstanding in the aggregate amount of $10.2 million, which reduced our borrowing availability under the Amended Revolver to $109.8 million.
Dividends
We do not currently plan to pay a regular dividend on our common stock. The declaration of any future cash dividends and if declared, the amount of any such dividends, will depend upon our financial condition, earnings, capital requirements, financial covenants and other contractual restrictions and the discretion of our Board of Directors. In deciding whether to pay future dividends on our common stock, our Board of Directors may take into account such matters as general business conditions, industry practice, our financial condition and performance, our future prospects, our cash needs and capital investment plans, income tax consequences, applicable law and such other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant. As of March 29, 2019, the maximum amount of dividends we could pay was $19.3 million based upon the limitations within our Amended Credit Facilities.
Sources and Uses of Liquidity
Cash, accounts receivable, unbilled receivables, and accounts payable are the principal components of our working capital and are generally driven by our level of revenue with other short-term fluctuations related to payment practices by our customers and the timing of our billings. Our receivables reflect amounts billed to our customers, as well as the revenue that was recognized in the preceding month, which is normally billed the month following each balance sheet date.
The total amount of our accounts receivable can vary significantly over time and is sensitive to revenue levels and the timing of payments received from our customers. Days sales outstanding (DSO) is a metric used to monitor accounts receivable levels. Our DSO was 66 and 63 days as of March 29, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The timing of payments received from our customers contributed to a slightly higher DSO as of March 29, 2019.

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The following table sets forth net cash used in operating activities, investing activities and financing activities:
 
 
Three Months Ended
(In thousands)

March 29, 2019
 
March 30, 2018
Operating activities

$
(6,386
)
 
$
(11,637
)
Investing activities

(9,886
)
 
(37,283
)
Financing activities

(1,081
)
 
(476
)
Foreign exchange1

(618
)
 
690

Net change in cash

$
(17,971
)
 
$
(48,706
)
1 Impact on cash balances due to changes in foreign exchange rates.
 
 
 
 
Trends in our operating cash flows tend to follow trends in operating income, excluding non-cash charges. Net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 29, 2019 consisted of net income of $7.1 million, increased by non-cash items of $2.9 million and offset by unfavorable net changes working capital changes of $13.5 million primarily due to the timing of cash collections and payments as reflected in our increase in receivables and net decrease in payables. Unfavorable net changes in other long-term assets and liabilities contributed an additional $2.9 million to operating cash outflows.
Net cash used in operating activities during the three months ended March 30, 2018 consisted of net income of $6.1 million, increased by non-cash items of $2.4 million offset by unfavorable net working capital changes of $20.1 million due to the timing of cash collections, as reflected in accounts payable, compensation and other employee benefits, other assets, and receivables.
Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 29, 2019 consisted of capital expenditures for the purchase of intangible assets, software and hardware, leasehold improvements, and vehicles and equipment related to ongoing operations. Net cash used in investing activities during the three months ended March 30, 2018 consisted of $37.2 million for the acquisition of SENTEL and $0.1 million for the purchase of hardware and software related to ongoing operations.
Net cash used in financing activities during the three months ended March 29, 2019 consisted of repayments of long-term debt of $1.0 million and payments related to employee withholding taxes on share-based compensation in the amount of $0.7 million, offset by $0.6 million in cash received from the exercise of stock options. During the three months ended March 29, 2019, we borrowed and repaid a total of $48.0 million from the Amended Revolver to meet short-term working capital requirements.
Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 30, 2018 consisted of repayments of long-term debt of $1.0 million and payments related to employee withholding taxes on share-based compensation in the amount of $0.8 million, offset by $1.3 million in cash received from the exercise of stock options. During the three months ended March 30, 2018, we borrowed and repaid a total of $31.0 million from the prior revolving credit facility to meet short-term working capital requirements and to fund a portion of the purchase price for the acquisition of SENTEL.
Capital Resources
At March 29, 2019, we held cash of $48.2 million, which included $19.5 million held by foreign subsidiaries, and had $109.8 million of available borrowing capacity under the Amended Revolver, which expires on November 15, 2022. We believe that our cash at March 29, 2019, as supplemented by cash flows from operations and the Amended Revolver, will be sufficient to fund our anticipated operating costs, capital expenditures and current debt repayment obligations for at least the next 12 months.
Contractual Obligations
During the three months ended March 29, 2019, we paid $1.0 million in quarterly installment payments on the Amended Term Loan. See Note 10, "Leases" for additional contractual obligation information.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have obligations relating to operating leases and letters of credit outstanding. Our Amended Revolver permits borrowings up to $120.0 million, of which $25.0 million is available for the issuance of letters of credit. At March 29, 2019, there were seven letters of credit outstanding in the aggregate amount of $10.2 million, which reduced our borrowing availability under the Amended Revolver to $109.8 million. These arrangements have not had, and management does not believe it is likely that they will in the future have, a material effect on our liquidity, capital resources, operations or financial condition. At March 29, 2019, we had no material off-balance sheet arrangements.

27

Table of Contents



CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES, ESTIMATES AND JUDGMENTS
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting periods. Estimates are revised as additional information becomes available. Management believes that the accounting estimates employed and the resulting balances are reasonable; however, actual results in these areas could differ from management's estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
We believe that the assumptions and estimates associated with revenue recognition, goodwill impairment assessments and income taxes have the greatest potential impact on our financial statements. Therefore, we consider these to be our critical accounting policies and estimates.
Beginning January 1, 2019, we adopted ASU 2016-02 related to lease accounting. Refer to Note 10, "Leases" for further discussion regarding the impact of the adoption of this standard. There have been no other material changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates from those discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018.
New Accounting Pronouncements
Refer to Part I, Item 1, Note 2 "Recent Accounting Pronouncements" in the notes to our unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for information regarding accounting pronouncements and accounting standards updates.
FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and certain information incorporated herein by reference contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the Securities Act), and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and, as such, may involve risks and uncertainties. All statements included or incorporated by reference in this report, other than statements that are purely historical, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “intend,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “could,” “potential,” “continue” or similar terminology. These statements are based on the beliefs and assumptions of the management of the Company based on information currently available to management. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements.
We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. In addition, forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from our historical experience and our present expectations or projections. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: our ability to submit proposals for and/or win all potential opportunities in our pipeline; our ability to retain and renew our existing contracts; our ability to compete with other companies in our market; security breaches and other disruptions to our information technology and operation; our mix of cost-plus, cost- reimbursable, and firm-fixed-price contracts; maintaining our reputation and relationship with the U.S. government; protests of new awards; our acquisition of SENTEL and its integration into our business; economic, political and social conditions in the countries in which we conduct our businesses; changes in U.S. or international government defense budgets; government regulations and compliance therewith, including changes to the DoD procurement process; changes in technology; intellectual property matters; governmental investigations, reviews, audits and cost adjustments; contingencies related to actual or alleged environmental contamination, claims and concerns; delays in completion of the U.S. government's budget; our success in extending, deepening, and enhancing our technical capabilities; our success in expanding our geographic footprint or broadening our customer base; our ability to realize the full amounts reflected in our backlog; impairment of goodwill; misconduct of our employees, subcontractors, agents, prime contractors and business partners; our ability to control costs; our level of indebtedness; and terms of our credit agreement; interest rate risk; subcontractor performance; economic and capital markets conditions; our ability to maintain safe work sites and equipment; our ability to retain and recruit qualified personnel; and to maintain good relationships with our workforce; our teaming relationships with contractors; changes in our accounting estimates; the adequacy of our insurance coverage; volatility in our stock price; changes in our tax provisions or exposure to additional income tax liabilities; risks and uncertainties relating to the Spin-off; changes in U.S. generally accepted accounting principles; and other factors described in Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 and described from time to time in our future reports filed with the SEC.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Our earnings, cash flows and financial position are exposed to market risks relating to fluctuations in interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. All of the potential changes noted below are based on information available at March 29, 2019.

28

Table of Contents



Interest Rate Risk
Each one percentage point change associated with the variable rate Amended Term Loan would result in a $0.7 million change in our annual cash interest expenses. However, we have interest rate swaps in place to hedge a portion of this risk. Refer to Note 9, "Derivative Instruments" for additional information regarding our interest rate swaps.
Assuming our Amended Revolver was fully drawn to a principal amount equal to $120.0 million, each one percentage point change in interest rates would result in a $1.2 million change in our annual cash interest expense.
As of March 29, 2019, the notional value of our interest rate swap agreements totaled $55.6 million. The difference to be paid or received under the terms of the interest rate swap agreements is accrued as interest rates change and recognized as an adjustment to interest expense for the related debt in the period incurred. Changes in the variable interest rates to be paid pursuant to the terms of the interest rate swap agreements will have a corresponding effect on future cash flows.
Foreign Currency Exchange Risk
The majority of our business is conducted in U.S. dollars. However, we are required to transact in foreign currencies for some of our contracts, resulting in some assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies. Therefore, our earnings may experience some volatility related to movements in foreign currency exchange rates. We enter into forward foreign exchange contracts to buy or sell various foreign currencies to selectively protect against volatility in the value of non-functional currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities. Changes in the fair value of these forward contracts are recognized in earnings. As of March 29, 2019, the U.S. dollar notional value of our outstanding foreign currency forward contracts was approximately $7.3 million. The net fair value of these contracts at March 29, 2019 was a liability of $0.5 million.
We perform a sensitivity analysis to determine the effects that market risk exposures may have on the fair values of our foreign currency forward contracts. To perform the sensitivity analysis, we assess the risk of loss in fair values from the effect of hypothetical changes in foreign currency exchange rates. This analysis assumes a like movement by the foreign currencies in our hedge portfolio against the U.S. dollar. As of March 29, 2019, a 5% appreciation in the value of the U.S. dollar would result in a net decrease in the fair value of our derivative portfolio of approximately $0.3 million.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The Company's management, with the participation of the Company's Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of the Company's disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of March 29, 2019. Based on such evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Acting Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of March 29, 2019, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and (ii) accumulated and communicated to management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Beginning January 1, 2019, we implemented ASC Topic 842. In connection with its adoption, we implemented changes to our processes and control activities related to lease accounting. These changes included updating policies and procedures to reflect the lease accounting and disclosure requirements.
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended March 29, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
    
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
From time to time we are involved in legal proceedings that are incidental to the operation of our business. Some of these proceedings seek remedies relating to employment matters, matters in connection with our contracts and matters arising under laws relating to the protection of the environment.
As a result of final indirect rate negotiations between the U.S. government and our Former Parent, we may be subject to potential adjustments to costs previously allocated by our Former Parent to our business, which was formerly Exelis’ Mission Systems Business, from 2007 through 2014. Because we do not participate in indirect rate negotiations between the U.S. government and our Former Parent, we cannot reasonably predict the likelihood of such adjustments or the ultimate responsible party. We have recently been in discussions with our Former Parent regarding the negotiated adjustments for

29

Table of Contents



2007-2012 and believe our potential cumulative liability for these years is insignificant. We currently do not have insight into the 2013 and 2014 negotiations or potential adjustments.
Although the ultimate outcome of any legal matter cannot be predicted with certainty, based on present information, including our assessment of the merits of the particular claim, we do not expect that any asserted or unasserted legal claims or proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will have a material adverse effect on our cash flow, results of operations or financial condition.
Refer to Note 13 "Commitments and Contingencies" in the notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for further information.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
None.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Not applicable.
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
None.
ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
None.
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
None.

30

Table of Contents



ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
10.1
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101
The following materials from Vectrus, Inc.’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 29, 2019, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income, (ii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iii) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, (iv) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (v) Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes to Shareholders' Equity and (vi) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. #

+ Indicates this document is filed as an exhibit herewith.
# Submitted electronically with this report.

The Company’s Commission File Number for Reports on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q and Form 8-K is 001-36341.
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
VECTRUS, INC.
 
/s/ William B. Noon
 
By: William B. Noon
 
Corporate Vice President, Acting Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
Date: May 7, 2019


31
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Section 2: EX-10.1 (EXHIBIT 10.1)

vec03292019101


 


 


 
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Section 3: EX-31.1 (EXHIBIT 31.1)

Exhibit


EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 302
OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
 
I, Charles L. Prow, certify that:
 
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Vectrus, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 7, 2019



/s/ Charles L. Prow                               

Charles L. Prow

President and Chief Executive Officer




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Section 4: EX-31.2 (EXHIBIT 31.2)

Exhibit


EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATIONS PURSUANT TO SECTION 302
OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
 
 
I, William B. Noon, certify that:
 
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Vectrus, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant's disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant's most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant's internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant's other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant's auditors and the audit committee of the registrant's board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant's ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant's internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 7, 2019
 
 
 
/s/ William B. Noon                        
 
William B. Noon
 
Corporate Vice President, Acting Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer
 
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 


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Section 5: EX-32.1 (EXHIBIT 32.1)

Exhibit


Exhibit 32.1
 
 
Certification of President and Chief Executive Officer
 
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
(18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350)
 
In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Vectrus, Inc. (the “Company”) for the period ended March 29, 2019 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to his knowledge:
(1)
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
(2)
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
Date: May 7, 2019
 
 
 
/s/ Charles L. Prow                               
 
Charles L. Prow
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 



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Section 6: EX-32.2 (EXHIBIT 32.2)

Exhibit


Exhibit 32.2
 
 
Certification of Corporate Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer
 
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
(18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350)
 
In connection with the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Vectrus, Inc. (the “Company”) for the period ended March 29, 2019 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), the undersigned certifies, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that to his knowledge:
(1)
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and
(2)
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
 
Date: May 7, 2019
 
 
 
/s/ William B. Noon                             
 
William B. Noon
 
Corporate Vice President, Acting Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accounting Officer

 
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 



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