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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019
 
Commission file number: 001-33106
397814500_deiblacklogoaa05.jpg

Douglas Emmett, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Maryland
20-3073047
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
1299 Ocean Avenue, Suite 1000, Santa Monica, California
90401
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(310) 255-7700
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes x No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer  x     
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨ 
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each Class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
DEI
 
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
Class
 
Outstanding at
April 29, 2019
Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share
 
170,284,515
shares

1


DOUGLAS EMMETT, INC.
FORM 10-Q

Table of Contents
 
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Equity
 
 
 
     Overview
 
 
Ground Lease
 
 
 
     Other Assets
 
 
 
 
     Equity
 
     EPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2

Table of Contents
Glossary

Abbreviations used in this Report:

AOCI
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
ASC
Accounting Standards Codification
ASU
Accounting Standards Update
ATM
At-the-Market
BOMA
Building Owners and Managers Association
CEO
Chief Executive Officer
CFO
Chief Financial Officer
Code
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended
DEI
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
EPS
Earnings Per Share
Exchange Act
Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended
FASB
Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
FFO
Funds from Operations
Fund X
Douglas Emmett Fund X, LLC
Funds
Unconsolidated institutional real estate funds (Fund X, Partnership X and Opportunity Fund)
GAAP
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (United States)
JV
Joint Venture
LIBOR
London Interbank Offered Rate
LTIP Units
Long-Term Incentive Plan Units
NAREIT
National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts
OCI
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
OP Units
Operating Partnership Units
Operating Partnership
Douglas Emmett Properties, LP
Opportunity Fund
Fund X Opportunity Fund, LLC
Partnership X
Douglas Emmett Partnership X, LP
PCAOB
Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States)
REIT
Real Estate Investment Trust
Report
Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q
SEC
Securities and Exchange Commission
Securities Act
Securities Act of 1933, as amended
TRS
Taxable REIT subsidiary(ies)
US
United States
USD
United States Dollar
VIE
Variable Interest Entity(ies)


3

Table of Contents
Glossary

Defined terms used in this Report:

Annualized Rent
Annualized cash base rent (excluding tenant reimbursements, parking and other income) before abatements under leases commenced as of the reporting date. Annualized rent for our triple net office leases is calculated by adding expense reimbursements and estimates of normal building expenses paid by tenants to base rent. Annualized rent does not include lost rent recovered from insurance and rent for building management use.
Consolidated Portfolio
Includes the properties in our consolidated results, which includes the properties owned by our consolidated JVs.
Funds From
Operations (FFO)

We calculate FFO in accordance with the standards established by NAREIT by excluding gains (or losses) on sales of investments in real estate, gains (or losses) from changes in control of investments in real estate, real estate depreciation and amortization (other than amortization of right-of-use assets for which we are the lessee and amortization of deferred loan costs) from our net income (including adjusting for the effect of such items attributable to consolidated joint ventures and unconsolidated real estate funds, but not for noncontrolling interests included in our Operating Partnership). FFO is a non-GAAP supplemental financial measure that we report because it is useful to our investors. See Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Item 2 of this Report for a discussion of FFO.
Net Operating Income
(NOI)

We calculate NOI as revenue less operating expenses attributable to the properties that we own and operate. NOI is calculated by excluding the following from our net income: general and administrative expense, depreciation and amortization expense, other income, other expense, income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds, interest expense, gains (or losses) on sales of investments in real estate and net income attributable to noncontrolling interests. NOI is a non-GAAP supplemental financial measure that we report because it is useful to our investors. See Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in Item 2 of this Report for a discussion of our Same Property NOI.
Occupancy Rate
The percentage leased, excluding signed leases not yet commenced, as of the reporting date. Management space is considered leased and occupied, while space taken out of service during a repositioning is excluded from both the numerator and denominator for calculating percentage leased and occupied.
Recurring Capital
Expenditures
Building improvements required to maintain revenues once a property has been stabilized, and excludes capital expenditures for (i) acquired buildings being stabilized, (ii) newly developed space, (iii) upgrades to improve revenues or operating expenses, (iv) casualty damage or (v) bringing the property into compliance with governmental requirements.
Rentable Square Feet

Based on the BOMA remeasurement and consists of leased square feet (including square feet with respect to signed leases not commenced as of the reporting date), available square feet, building management use square feet and square feet of the BOMA adjustment on leased space.
Same Properties
Our consolidated properties that have been owned and operated by us in a consistent manner, and reported in our consolidated results during the entire span of both periods being compared. We exclude from our same property subset any properties (i) acquired during the comparative periods; (ii) sold, held for sale, contributed or otherwise removed from our consolidated financial statements during the comparative periods; or (iii) that underwent a major repositioning project that we believed significantly affected its results during the comparative periods.
Short-Term Leases
Represents leases that expired on or before the reporting date or had a term of less than one year, including hold over tenancies, month to month leases and other short term occupancies.
Total Portfolio
Includes our Consolidated Portfolio plus the properties owned by our Funds.

4

Table of Contents
Forward Looking Statements


This Report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act. You can find many (but not all) of these statements by looking for words such as “believe”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “estimate”, “approximate”, “intend”, “plan”, “would”, “could”, “may”, “future” or other similar expressions in this Report. We claim the protection of the safe harbor contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We caution investors that any forward-looking statements used in this Report, or those that we make orally or in writing from time to time, are based on our beliefs and assumptions, as well as information currently available to us. Actual outcomes will be affected by known and unknown risks, trends, uncertainties and factors beyond our control or ability to predict. Although we believe that our assumptions are reasonable, they are not guarantees of future performance and some will inevitably prove to be incorrect. As a result, our future results can be expected to differ from our expectations, and those differences may be material. Accordingly, investors should use caution when relying on previously reported forward-looking statements, which were based on results and trends at the time they were made, to anticipate future results or trends. Some of the risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include the following:

adverse economic or real estate developments affecting Southern California or Honolulu, Hawaii;
competition from other real estate investors in our markets;
decreasing rental rates or increasing tenant incentive and vacancy rates;
defaults on, early terminations of, or non-renewal of leases by tenants;
increases in interest rates or operating costs;
insufficient cash flows to service our outstanding debt or pay rent on ground leases;
difficulties in raising capital;
inability to liquidate real estate or other investments quickly;
adverse changes to rent control laws and regulations;
environmental uncertainties;
natural disasters;
insufficient insurance, or increases in insurance costs;
inability to successfully expand into new markets and submarkets;
difficulties in identifying properties to acquire and failure to complete acquisitions successfully;
failure to successfully operate acquired properties;
risks associated with property development;
risks associated with JVs;
conflicts of interest with our officers and reliance on key personnel;    
changes in zoning and other land use laws;
adverse results of litigation or governmental proceedings;
failure to comply with laws, regulations and covenants that are applicable to our properties;
possible terrorist attacks or wars;
possible cyber attacks or intrusions;
adverse changes to accounting rules;
weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting;
failure to maintain our REIT status under federal tax laws; and
adverse changes to tax laws, including those related to property taxes.

For further discussion of these and other risk factors see Item 1A. "Risk Factors” in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018. This Report and all subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained or referred to in this section. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly any revisions to our forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this Report.


5

Table of Contents


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except share data)
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Unaudited
 
 
Assets
 

 
 

Investment in real estate:
 

 
 

Land
$
1,067,639

 
$
1,065,099

Buildings and improvements
8,088,899

 
7,995,203

Tenant improvements and lease intangibles
847,471

 
840,653

Property under development
57,527

 
129,753

Investment in real estate, gross
10,061,536

 
10,030,708

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(2,309,901
)
 
(2,246,887
)
Investment in real estate, net
7,751,635

 
7,783,821

Ground lease right-of-use asset
7,483

 

Cash and cash equivalents
149,722

 
146,227

Tenant receivables, net
5,281

 
4,371

Deferred rent receivables, net
129,203

 
124,834

Acquired lease intangible assets, net
3,092

 
3,251

Interest rate contract assets
46,880

 
73,414

Investment in unconsolidated real estate funds
105,526

 
111,032

Other assets
17,087

 
14,759

Total Assets
$
8,215,909

 
$
8,261,709

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 

 
 

Secured notes payable and revolving credit facility, net
$
4,129,271

 
$
4,134,030

Ground lease liability
10,887

 

Interest payable, accounts payable and deferred revenue
142,339

 
130,154

Security deposits
50,802

 
50,733

Acquired lease intangible liabilities, net
44,883

 
52,569

Interest rate contract liabilities
5,283

 
1,530

Dividends payable
44,262

 
44,263

Total liabilities
4,427,727

 
4,413,279

 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

Douglas Emmett, Inc. stockholders' equity:
 

 
 

Common Stock, $0.01 par value, 750,000,000 authorized, 170,237,122 and 170,214,809 outstanding at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively
1,702

 
1,702

Additional paid-in capital
3,282,388

 
3,282,316

Accumulated other comprehensive income
30,943

 
53,944

Accumulated deficit
(953,335
)
 
(935,630
)
Total Douglas Emmett, Inc. stockholders' equity
2,361,698

 
2,402,332

Noncontrolling interests
1,426,484

 
1,446,098

Total equity
3,788,182

 
3,848,430

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
8,215,909

 
$
8,261,709

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited; in thousands, except per share data)



 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Revenues
 

 
 

Office rental
 

 
 

Rental revenues and tenant recoveries
$
167,235

 
$
158,824

Parking and other income
30,055

 
28,509

Total office revenues
197,290

 
187,333

 
 
 
 
Multifamily rental
 

 
 

Rental revenues
24,893

 
23,061

Parking and other income
2,003

 
1,853

Total multifamily revenues
26,896

 
24,914

 
 
 
 
Total revenues
224,186

 
212,247

 
 
 
 
Operating Expenses
 

 
 

Office expenses
63,449

 
60,356

Multifamily expenses
7,555

 
6,698

General and administrative expenses
9,832

 
9,567

Depreciation and amortization
79,873

 
72,498

Total operating expenses
160,709

 
149,119

 
 
 
 
Operating income
63,477

 
63,128

 
 
 
 
Other income
2,898

 
2,630

Other expenses
(1,845
)
 
(1,733
)
Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds
1,551

 
1,506

Interest expense
(33,293
)
 
(32,900
)
Net income
32,788

 
32,631

Less:  Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(4,087
)
 
(4,425
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
28,701

 
$
28,206

 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders per share – basic
$
0.17

 
$
0.17

Net income attributable to common stockholders per share – diluted
$
0.17

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per common share
$
0.26

 
$
0.25

 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited and in thousands)



 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
32,788

 
$
32,631

Other comprehensive (loss) income: cash flow hedges
(33,308
)
 
44,369

Comprehensive (loss) income
(520
)
 
77,000

Less: Comprehensive loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interests
6,220

 
(17,872
)
Comprehensive income attributable to common stockholders
$
5,700

 
$
59,128

 
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Equity
(Unaudited and in thousands)


 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
 
Shares of Common Stock
Beginning balance
170,215

 
169,565

 
Exchange of OP units for common stock
22

 
322

 
Exercise of stock options

 
14

 
Ending balance
170,237

 
169,901

 
 
 
 
 

Common Stock
Beginning balance
$
1,702

 
$
1,696

 
Exchange of OP units for common stock

 
3

 
Ending balance
$
1,702

 
$
1,699

 
 
 
 
 

Additional Paid-in Capital
Beginning balance
$
3,282,316

 
$
3,272,539

 
Exchange of OP units for common stock
363

 
5,196

 
Repurchase of OP Units with cash
(291
)
 

 
Taxes paid on exercise of stock options

 
(314
)
 
Ending balance
$
3,282,388

 
$
3,277,421

 
 
 
 
 

AOCI
Beginning balance
$
53,944

 
$
43,099

 
Cash flow hedge fair value adjustments
(23,001
)
 
30,922

 
Ending balance
$
30,943

 
$
74,021

 
 
 
 
 

Accumulated Deficit
Beginning balance
$
(935,630
)
 
$
(879,810
)
 
Beginning balance adjustment - ASU 2016-02 adoption
(2,144
)
 

 
Beginning balance adjustment - ASU 2017-12 adoption

 
(211
)
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders
28,701

 
28,206

 
Dividends
(44,262
)
 
(42,474
)
 
Ending balance
$
(953,335
)
 
$
(894,289
)
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling Interests
Beginning balance
$
1,446,098

 
$
1,464,525

 
Beginning balance adjustment - ASU 2016-02 adoption
(355
)
 

 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
4,087

 
4,425

 
Cash flow hedge fair value adjustments
(10,307
)
 
13,447

 
Distributions
(15,760
)
 
(13,086
)
 
Exchange of OP units for common stock
(363
)
 
(5,199
)
 
Repurchase of OP Units with cash
(216
)
 

 
Stock-based compensation
3,300

 
3,503

 
Ending balance
$
1,426,484

 
$
1,467,615

 
 
 
 
 

Total Equity
Beginning balance
$
3,848,430

 
$
3,902,049

 
Beginning balance adjustment - ASU 2016-02 adoption
(2,499
)
 

 
Beginning balance adjustment - ASU 2017-12 adoption

 
(211
)
 
Net income
32,788

 
32,631

 
Cash flow hedge fair value adjustments
(33,308
)
 
44,369

 
Repurchase of OP Units with cash
(507
)
 

 
Taxes paid on exercise of stock options

 
(314
)
 
Dividends
(44,262
)
 
(42,474
)
 
Distributions
(15,760
)
 
(13,086
)
 
Stock-based compensation
3,300

 
3,503

 
Ending balance
$
3,788,182

 
$
3,926,467

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited and in thousands)


    
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating Activities
 

 
 

Net income
$
32,788

 
$
32,631

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds
(1,551
)
 
(1,506
)
Depreciation and amortization
79,873

 
72,498

Net accretion of acquired lease intangibles
(4,120
)
 
(6,152
)
Straight-line rent
(4,369
)
 
(5,172
)
Increase in the allowance for doubtful accounts
1,688

 
1,691

Deferred loan costs amortized and written off
1,917

 
2,309

Amortization of loan premium
(51
)
 
(51
)
Amortization of stock-based compensation
2,630

 
3,051

Operating distributions from unconsolidated real estate funds
1,551

 
1,506

Change in working capital components:
 

 
 

Tenant receivables
(2,598
)
 
(1,582
)
Interest payable, accounts payable and deferred revenue
25,369

 
16,944

Security deposits
69

 
(471
)
Other assets
(707
)
 
1,921

Net cash provided by operating activities
132,489

 
117,617

 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 

 
 

Capital expenditures for improvements to real estate
(46,498
)
 
(25,259
)
Capital expenditures for developments
(17,565
)
 
(11,018
)
Capital distributions from unconsolidated real estate funds
2,225

 
1,953

Net cash used in investing activities
(61,838
)
 
(34,324
)
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 

 
 

Proceeds from borrowings
72,318

 
485,000

Repayment of borrowings
(77,495
)
 
(502,808
)
Loan cost payments
(1,449
)
 
(2,785
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests
(15,760
)
 
(13,085
)
Dividends paid to common stockholders
(44,263
)
 
(42,391
)
Taxes paid on exercise of stock options

 
(313
)
Repurchase of OP Units
(507
)
 

Net cash used in financing activities
(67,156
)
 
(76,382
)
 
 
 
 
Increase in cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash
3,495

 
6,911

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash - beginning balance
146,348

 
176,766

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash - ending balance
$
149,843

 
$
183,677


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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited and in thousands)



Supplemental Cash Flows Information

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest
$
31,060

 
$
29,937

Capitalized interest paid
$
838

 
$
773

 
 
 
 
Non-cash Investing Transactions
 
 
 
Accrual for additions to real estate and developments
$
17,070

 
$
15,995

Capitalized stock-based compensation for improvements to real estate and developments
$
670

 
$
452

Removal of fully depreciated and amortized tenant improvements and lease intangibles
$
16,805

 
$
10,630

Removal of fully amortized acquired lease intangible assets
$
1,786

 
$
206

Removal of fully accreted acquired lease intangible liabilities
$
873

 
$
6,038

Recognition of ground lease right-of-use asset - Adoption of ASU 2016-02
$
10,887

 
$

Above-market ground lease intangible liability offset against right-of-use asset - Adoption of ASU 2016-02
$
3,408

 
$

Recognition of ground lease liability - Adoption of ASU 2016-02
$
10,887

 
$

 
 
 
 
Non-cash Financing Transactions
 
 
 
Gain recorded in AOCI - Adoption of ASU 2017-12 - consolidated derivatives
$

 
$
211

(Loss) gain recorded in AOCI - consolidated derivatives
$
(21,563
)
 
$
39,731

(Loss) gain recorded in AOCI - unconsolidated Funds' derivatives (our share)
$
(2,405
)
 
$
4,475

Dividends declared
$
44,262

 
$
42,474

Exchange of OP units for common stock
$
363

 
$
5,199


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.



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Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)




1. Overview

Organization and Business Description

Douglas Emmett, Inc. is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed REIT. We are one of the largest owners and operators of high-quality office and multifamily properties in Los Angeles County, California and Honolulu, Hawaii. Through our interest in our Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries, consolidated JVs and unconsolidated Funds, we focus on owning, acquiring, developing and managing a significant market share of top-tier office properties and premier multifamily communities in neighborhoods that possess significant supply constraints, high-end executive housing and key lifestyle amenities. The terms "us," "we" and "our" as used in the financial statements refer to Douglas Emmett, Inc. and its subsidiaries on a consolidated basis. At March 31, 2019, our Consolidated Portfolio consisted of (i) a 16.5 million square foot office portfolio, (ii) 3,642 multifamily apartment units and (iii) fee interests in two parcels of land from which we receive rent under ground leases. We also manage and own equity interests in unconsolidated Funds which, at March 31, 2019, owned an additional 1.8 million square feet of office space. We manage our unconsolidated Funds alongside our Consolidated Portfolio, and we therefore present the statistics for our office portfolio on a Total Portfolio basis. As of March 31, 2019, our portfolio (not including two parcels of land from which we receive rent under ground leases), consisted of the following office and multifamily properties (both of which include ancillary retail space):
 
Consolidated Portfolio
 
Total
Portfolio
Office
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties
53
 
53
Consolidated JV properties
10
 
10
Unconsolidated Fund properties
 
8
 
63
 
71
 
 
 
 
Multifamily
 
 
 
Wholly-owned properties
10
 
10
 
 
 
 
Total
73
 
81

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying financial statements are the consolidated financial statements of Douglas Emmett, Inc. and its subsidiaries, including our Operating Partnership and our consolidated JVs.  All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in our consolidated financial statements. Our Operating Partnership and consolidated JVs are VIEs of which we are the primary beneficiary. As of March 31, 2019, the total consolidated assets, liabilities and equity of the VIEs was $8.22 billion  (of which $7.75 billion related to investment in real estate), $4.43 billion and $3.79 billion (of which $1.43 billion related to noncontrolling interests), respectively.

We report our office rental revenues and tenant recoveries on a combined basis as office Rental revenues and tenant recoveries in our consolidated statements of operations, and we reclassified the comparable periods to conform to the current period presentation.
 
The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in conformity with GAAP may have been condensed or omitted pursuant to SEC rules and regulations, although we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make their presentation not misleading. The accompanying unaudited interim financial statements include, in our opinion, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary to present fairly the financial information set forth therein. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2019. The interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K and the notes thereto. Any references to the number or class of properties, square footage, per square footage amounts, apartment units and geography, are outside the scope of our independent registered public accounting firm’s review of our financial statements in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB.

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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

On January 1, 2019, we adopted ASUs that changed our accounting policy for leases. See "New Accounting Pronouncements" below. We have not made any other changes to our significant accounting policies disclosed in our 2018 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make certain estimates that affect the reported amounts in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

Revenue Recognition

Office parking revenues, which are included in office Parking and other income in our consolidated statements of operations, are within the scope of Topic 606 (Revenue from Contracts with Customers). Our lease contracts generally make a specified number of parking spaces available to the tenant, and we bill and recognize parking revenues on a monthly basis in accordance with the lease agreements, generally using the monthly parking rates in effect at the time of billing. Office parking revenues were $26.4 million and $25.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Office parking receivables were $1.2 million and $1.1 million as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively, and are included in Tenant receivables in our consolidated balance sheets.

Income Taxes

We have elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Code. Provided that we qualify for taxation as a REIT, we are generally not subject to corporate-level income tax on the earnings distributed currently to our stockholders that we derive from our REIT qualifying activities. We are subject to corporate-level tax on the earnings that we derive through our TRS.

New Accounting Pronouncements 

Changes to GAAP are implemented by the FASB in the form of ASUs.  We consider the applicability and impact of all ASUs. Other than the ASUs discussed below, the FASB has not issued any other ASUs that we expect to be applicable and have a material impact on our financial statements.

ASUs Adopted

ASU 2016-02 (Topic 842 - "Leases")

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, (Topic 842 - "Leases"). The primary impact of the ASU is the recognition of lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet by lessees for leases classified as operating leases. The accounting applied by lessors is largely unchanged. For example, the vast majority of operating leases remain classified as operating leases, and lessors continue to recognize lease payments for those leases on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

We adopted the ASU on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective transition method. We recorded a cumulative adjustment of $2.5 million to the opening balance of retained earnings (accumulated deficit) for leasing expenses related to leases that were entered into before the adoption date but commenced after the adoption date. The ASU provides a practical expedient package, which we elected to use, that allows entities (a) not to reassess whether any expired or existing contracts as of the adoption date are considered or contain leases; (b) not to reassess the lease classification for any expired or existing leases as of the adoption date; and (c) not to reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases as of the adoption date. All leases entered into on or after the adoption date were accounted for under the ASU.


13

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

We lease space to tenants at our office and multifamily properties. Under the ASU, all of our tenant leases continue to be classified as operating leases. The ASU continues to require that lease payments for operating leases be recognized over the lease term on a straight-line basis unless another systematic and rational basis is more representative of the pattern in which benefit is expected to be derived from the use of the underlying asset. If collectability of the lease payments is not probable at the commencement date, then the lease income should be limited to the lesser of the income recognized on a straight-line basis or cash basis. If the assessment of collectibility changes after the commencement date, any difference between the lease income that would have been recognized on a straight-line basis and cash basis must be recognized as a current-period adjustment to lease income.

The ASU requires separation of the lease from the non-lease components (for example, maintenance services or other activities that transfer a good or service to the customer) in a contract. Only the lease components are accounted for in accordance with the ASU. The consideration in the contract is allocated to the lease and non-lease components on a relative standalone selling price basis and the non-lease component would be accounted for in accordance with ASC 606 ("Revenue from Contracts with Customers"). In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-11 which includes an optional practical expedient for lessors to elect, by class of underlying asset, to not separate the lease from the non-lease components if certain criteria are met. Our office tenant leases include a lease component for the rental income and a non-lease component for the related tenant recoveries. We determined that our office tenant leases qualify for the single component presentation and we adopted the practical expedient. We account for the combined components under the ASU.

Rental revenues and tenant recoveries from our office tenant leases is included in office Rental revenues and tenant recoveries in our consolidated statements of operations. Rental revenues from our multifamily tenant leases is included in multifamily Rental revenues in our consolidated statements of operations. Rental revenue recognized on a straight-line basis in excess of billed rents is included in Deferred rent receivables in our consolidated balance sheets. See Note 14 for more information regarding the future lease rental receipts from our operating leases.

The ASU defines initial direct costs of a lease, which may be capitalized, as costs that would not have been incurred had the lease not been executed. Costs to negotiate a lease that would have been incurred regardless of whether the lease was executed, such as employee salaries, are not considered to be initial direct costs, and may not be capitalized. We historically capitalized most of our leasing costs. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we expensed $1.1 million of leasing costs related to our tenant leases that did not qualify as initial direct costs of a lease, which are included in General and administrative expenses in our consolidated statements of operations.

We pay rent under a ground lease which expires on December 31, 2086. Upon adoption of the ASU, we continued to classify the lease as an operating lease, and we recognized a right-of-use asset for the land and a lease liability for the future lease payments of $10.9 million. We calculated the carrying value of the right-of-use asset and lease liability by discounting the future lease payments using our incremental borrowing rate. We adjusted the right-of-use asset carrying value for a related above-market ground lease liability of $3.4 million, which reduced the carrying value of the asset to $7.5 million. We continued to recognize the lease payments as expense, which is included in Office expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. See Note 3 for more information regarding this ground lease. See Note 12 for the fair value disclosures related to the ground lease liability.

In December 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-20, an update to ASU 2016-02, which provides guidance on accounting for sales and other similar taxes collected from lessees, certain lessor costs, and recognition of variable payments for contracts with lease and nonlease components. We adopted the ASU and it did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-01, an update to ASU 2016-02, which provides guidance on transition disclosures related to Topic 250 "Accounting Changes and Error Corrections" and other technical updates. We adopted the ASU and it did not have a material impact on our financial statements.
 

14

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

3. Ground Lease

We pay rent under a ground lease located in Honolulu, Hawaii, which expires on December 31, 2086. The rent is fixed at $733 thousand per year until February 28, 2029, after which it will reset to the greater of the existing ground rent or market. As of March 31, 2019, the right-of-use asset carrying value of this ground lease was $7.5 million and the ground lease liability was $10.9 million. We incurred ground rent expense of $180 thousand and $183 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively, which is included in Office expenses in our Consolidated Statements of Operations. The table below, which assumes that the ground rent payments will continue to be $733 thousand per year after February 28, 2029, presents the future minimum ground lease payments as of March 31, 2019:
  
Twelve months ending March 31:
(In thousands)
 
 
2020
$
733

2021
733

2022
733

2023
733

2024
733

Thereafter
45,995

Total future minimum lease payments
$
49,660



15

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

4. Acquired Lease Intangibles

Summary of our Acquired Lease Intangibles

 (In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Above-market tenant leases
$
3,809

 
$
5,595

Above-market tenant leases - accumulated amortization
(1,658
)
 
(3,289
)
Above-market ground lease where we are the lessor
1,152

 
1,152

Above-market ground lease - accumulated amortization
(211
)
 
(207
)
Acquired lease intangible assets, net
$
3,092

 
$
3,251

 
 
 
 
Below-market tenant leases
$
111,302

 
$
112,175

Below-market tenant leases - accumulated accretion
(66,419
)
 
(63,013
)
Above-market ground lease where we are the tenant(1)

 
4,017

Above-market ground lease - accumulated accretion(1)

 
(610
)
Acquired lease intangible liabilities, net
$
44,883

 
$
52,569

______________________________________________
(1) Upon adoption of ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019 we adjusted the ground lease right-of-use asset carrying value for the carrying value of the above-market ground lease - see Notes 2 and 3.


Impact on the Consolidated Statements of Operations

The table below summarizes the net amortization/accretion related to our above- and below-market leases:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 (In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Net accretion of above- and below-market tenant lease assets and liabilities(1)
$
4,124

 
$
6,144

Amortization of an above-market ground lease asset(2)
(4
)
 
(4
)
Accretion of an above-market ground lease liability(3)

 
12

Total
$
4,120

 
$
6,152

______________________________________________
(1)
Recorded as a net increase to office and multifamily rental revenues.
(2)
Recorded as a decrease to office parking and other income.
(3)
Recorded as a decrease to office expense. Upon adoption of ASU 2016-02 on January 1, 2019 we adjusted the ground lease right-of-use asset carrying value with the carrying value of the above-market ground lease - see Notes 2 and 3.



16

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

5. Investments in Unconsolidated Real Estate Funds

Description of our Funds

We manage and own equity interests in three unconsolidated Funds, the Opportunity Fund, Fund X and Partnership X, through which we and investors own eight office properties totaling 1.8 million square feet. At March 31, 2019, we held direct and indirect equity interests of 6.2% of the Opportunity Fund, 71.3% of Fund X and 24.5% of Partnership X. Our Funds pay us fees and reimburse us for certain expenses related to property management and other services we provide, which are included in Other income in our consolidated statements of operations. We also receive distributions based on invested capital and on any profits that exceed certain specified cash returns to the investors. The table below presents cash distributions we received from our Funds:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 (In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Operating distributions received
$
1,551

 
$
1,506

Capital distributions received
2,225

 
1,953

Total distributions received
$
3,776

 
$
3,459



Summarized Financial Information for our Funds

The tables below present selected financial information for the Funds on a combined basis.  The amounts presented reflect 100% (not our pro-rata share) of amounts related to the Funds, and are based upon historical acquired book value:

 (In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
688,590

 
$
694,713

Total liabilities
$
528,032

 
$
525,483

Total equity
$
160,558

 
$
169,230


 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 (In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
20,159

 
$
19,147

Operating income
$
5,395

 
$
5,566

Net income
$
1,332

 
$
1,434


6. Other Assets

 (In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash
$
121

 
$
121

Prepaid expenses
8,383

 
7,830

Other indefinite-lived intangibles
1,988

 
1,988

Furniture, fixtures and equipment, net
2,441

 
1,101

Other
4,154

 
3,719

Total other assets
$
17,087

 
$
14,759



17

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)


7. Secured Notes Payable and Revolving Credit Facility, Net



Description
 
Maturity
Date(1)
 
Principal Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
Principal Balance as of December 31, 2018
 
Variable Interest Rate
 
Fixed Interest
Rate(2)
 
Swap Maturity Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wholly Owned Subsidiaries
Fannie Mae loan
 
10/1/2019
 
$
145,000

 
$
145,000

 
LIBOR + 1.25%
 
N/A
 
N/A
Term loan(3) 
 
4/15/2022
 
340,000

 
340,000

 
LIBOR + 1.40%
 
2.77%
 
4/1/2020
Term loan(3) 
 
7/27/2022
 
180,000

 
180,000

 
LIBOR + 1.45%
 
3.06%
 
7/1/2020
Term loan(3) 
 
11/1/2022
 
400,000

 
400,000

 
LIBOR + 1.35%
 
2.64%
 
11/1/2020
Term loan(3) 
 
6/23/2023
 
360,000

 
360,000

 
LIBOR + 1.55%
 
2.57%
 
7/1/2021
Term loan(3) 
 
12/23/2023
 
220,000

 
220,000

 
LIBOR + 1.70%
 
3.62%
 
12/23/2021
Term loan(3) 
 
1/1/2024
 
300,000

 
300,000

 
LIBOR + 1.55%
 
3.46%
 
1/1/2022
Term loan(3)
 
3/3/2025
 
335,000

 
335,000

 
LIBOR + 1.30%
 
3.84%
 
3/1/2023
Fannie Mae loan(3)
 
4/1/2025
 
102,400

 
102,400

 
LIBOR + 1.25%
 
2.84%
 
3/1/2020
Fannie Mae loan(3)
 
12/1/2025
 
115,000

 
115,000

 
LIBOR + 1.25%
 
2.76%
 
12/1/2020
Fannie Mae loan(3)
 
6/1/2027
 
550,000

 
550,000

 
LIBOR + 1.37%
 
3.16%
 
6/1/2022
Term loan(4)
 
6/1/2038
 
31,406

 
31,582

 
N/A
 
4.55%
 
N/A
Revolving credit facility(3)(5)
 
8/21/2023
 
100,000

 
105,000

 
LIBOR + 1.15%
 
N/A
 
N/A
Total Wholly Owned Subsidiary Debt
3,178,806

 
3,183,982

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated JVs
Term loan(3) 
 
2/28/2023
 
580,000

 
580,000

 
LIBOR + 1.40%
 
2.37%
 
3/1/2021
Term loan(3)
 
12/19/2024
 
400,000

 
400,000

 
LIBOR + 1.30%
 
3.47%
 
1/1/2023
Total Consolidated Debt(6)
4,158,806

 
4,163,982

 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized loan premium, net
 
3,935

 
3,986

 
 
 
 
 
 
Unamortized deferred loan costs, net
 
(33,470
)
 
(33,938
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Consolidated Debt, net
$
4,129,271

 
$
4,134,030

 
 
 
 
 
 
___________________________________________________
Except as noted below, each loan (including our revolving credit facility) is non-recourse and secured by one or more separate collateral pools consisting of one or more properties, and requires monthly payments of interest only with the outstanding principal due upon maturity.
(1)
Maturity dates include the effect of extension options.
(2)
Includes the effect of interest rate swaps and excludes the effect of prepaid loan fees. See Note 9 for details of our interest rate swaps. See below for details of our loan costs.
(3)
Loan agreement includes a zero-percent LIBOR floor. The corresponding swaps do not include such a floor.
(4)
Requires monthly payments of principal and interest. Principal amortization is based upon a 30-year amortization schedule.
(5)
In March 2019, we renewed our $400.0 million revolving credit facility, releasing two previously encumbered properties, lowering the borrowing rate and unused facility fees, and extending the maturity date. Unused commitment fees range from 0.10% to 0.15%.
(6)
See Note 12 for our fair value disclosures.



18

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

Debt Statistics

The following table summarizes our fixed and floating rate debt:
(In thousands)
 
Principal Balance as of March 31, 2019
 
Principal Balance as of December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Aggregate swapped to fixed rate loans
 
$
3,882,400

 
$
3,882,400

Aggregate fixed rate loans
 
31,406

 
31,582

Aggregate floating rate loans
 
245,000

 
250,000

Total Debt
 
$
4,158,806

 
$
4,163,982


The following table summarizes certain debt statistics as of March 31, 2019:
Statistics for consolidated loans with interest fixed under the terms of the loan or a swap
 
 
Principal balance (in billions)
$3.91
Weighted average remaining life (including extension options)
5.2 years
Weighted average remaining fixed interest period
2.5 years
Weighted average annual interest rate
3.07%

Future Principal Payments

At March 31, 2019, the minimum future principal payments due on our secured notes payable and revolving credit facility were as follows:
Twelve months ending March 31:
 
Excluding Maturity Extension Options
 
Including Maturity Extension Options(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
 
 
 
2020
 
$
145,727

 
$
145,727

2021
 
295,760

 
760

2022
 
300,796

 
796

2023
 
1,655,833

 
1,500,833

2024
 
680,871

 
980,871

Thereafter
 
1,079,819

 
1,529,819

Total future principal payments
 
$
4,158,806

 
$
4,158,806

____________________________________________
(1)
Our loan agreements generally require that we meet certain minimum financial thresholds to be able to extend the loan maturity.

Loan Costs

Deferred loan costs are net of accumulated amortization of $26.1 million and $24.2 million at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively. The table below presents loan costs, which are included in Interest expense in our consolidated statements of operations:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Loan costs expensed
$

 
$
404

Deferred loan cost amortization
1,917

 
1,905

Total
$
1,917

 
$
2,309


19

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

8. Interest Payable, Accounts Payable and Deferred Revenue

(In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Interest payable
$
11,023

 
$
10,657

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
88,585

 
75,111

Deferred revenue
42,731

 
44,386

Total interest payable, accounts payable and deferred revenue
$
142,339

 
$
130,154


9. Derivative Contracts

We make use of interest rate swap and cap contracts to manage the risk associated with changes in interest rates on our floating-rate debt. When we enter into a floating-rate term loan, we generally enter into an interest rate swap agreement for the equivalent principal amount, for a period covering the majority of the loan term, which effectively converts our floating-rate debt to a fixed-rate basis during that time. In limited instances, we also make use of interest rate caps to limit our exposure to interest rate increases on our floating-rate debt. We do not speculate in derivatives and we do not make use of any other derivative instruments. See Note 7 regarding our debt, and our consolidated JVs debt, that is hedged. See Note 15 regarding our unconsolidated Funds debt that is hedged.

Derivative Summary

As of March 31, 2019, all of our interest rate swaps, which include the interest rate swaps of our consolidated JVs and our unconsolidated Funds, were designated as cash flow hedges:

 
Number of Interest Rate Swaps
 
Notional
  (In thousands)
 
 
 
 
Consolidated derivatives(1)(3)
27
 
$
3,882,400

Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives(2)(3)
4
 
$
510,000

___________________________________________________
(1)
The notional amount reflects 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our consolidated JVs' derivatives.
(2)
The notional amount reflects 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our unconsolidated Funds' derivatives.
(3)
See Note 12 for our derivative fair value disclosures.

Credit-risk-related Contingent Features

We have agreements with each of our interest rate swap counterparties that contain a provision under which we could also be declared in default on our derivative obligations if we default on the underlying indebtedness that we are hedging. As of March 31, 2019, there have been no events of default with respect to our interest rate swaps or our consolidated JVs' or unconsolidated Funds' interest rate swaps. We do not post collateral for our interest rate swap contract liabilities. The fair value of our interest rate swap contract liabilities, including accrued interest and excluding credit risk adjustments, were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated derivatives(1)
 
$
5,422

 
$
1,681

Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives(2)
 

 

___________________________________________________
(1)
Includes 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our consolidated JVs' derivatives.
(2)
Our unconsolidated Funds' did not have any derivatives in a liability position.
 

20

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

Counterparty Credit Risk

We are subject to credit risk from the counterparties on our interest rate swap contract assets because we do not receive collateral. We seek to minimize that risk by entering into agreements with a variety of high quality counterparties with investment grade ratings. The fair value of our interest rate swap contract assets, including accrued interest and excluding credit risk adjustments, were as follows:
(In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Consolidated derivatives(1)
$
49,807

 
$
76,021

Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives(2)
$
7,804

 
$
12,576

___________________________________________________
(1)
The amounts reflect 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our consolidated JVs' derivatives.
(2)
The amounts reflect 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our unconsolidated Funds' derivatives.

Impact of Hedges on AOCI and the Consolidated Statements of Operations

The table below presents the effect of our derivatives on our AOCI and the consolidated statements of operations:

(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Derivatives Designated as Cash Flow Hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated derivatives:
 
 
 
Gain recorded in AOCI - adoption of ASU 2017-12(1)
$

 
$
211

(Loss) gain recorded in AOCI before reclassifications(1)
$
(21,563
)
 
$
39,731

(Gain) loss reclassified from AOCI to Interest Expense(1)
$
(8,724
)
 
$
(131
)
Interest Expense presented in the consolidated statements of operations
$
(33,293
)
 
$
(32,900
)
Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives (our share)(2):
 
 
 
(Loss) gain recorded in AOCI before reclassifications(1)
$
(2,405
)
 
$
4,475

(Gain) loss reclassified from AOCI to Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds(1)
$
(616
)
 
$
83

Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds presented in the consolidated statements of operations
$
1,551

 
$
1,506

___________________________________________________
(1)
See Note 10 for our AOCI reconciliation.
(2)
We calculate our share by multiplying the total amount for each Fund by our equity interest in the respective Fund.

Future Reclassifications from AOCI

At March 31, 2019, our estimate of the AOCI related to derivatives designated as cash flow hedges that will be reclassified to earnings during the next twelve months as interest rate swap payments are made is as follows:

 
(In thousands)
 
 
Consolidated derivatives:
 
Gains to be reclassified from AOCI to Interest Expense
$
30,188

Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives (our share):
 
Gains to be reclassified from AOCI to Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds
$
2,090


21

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

10.  Equity

Transactions
    
During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we (i) acquired 22 thousand OP Units in exchange for issuing an equal number of shares of our common stock to the holders of the OP Units and (ii) acquired 13 thousand OP Units for $507 thousand in cash.

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, we (i) acquired 322 thousand OP Units in exchange for issuing an equal number of shares of our common stock to the holders of the OP Units and (ii) issued 14 thousand shares of our common stock for the exercise of 32 thousand stock options on a net settlement basis (net of the exercise price and related taxes).


Noncontrolling Interests

Our noncontrolling interests consist of interests in our Operating Partnership and consolidated JVs which are not owned by us. Noncontrolling interests in our Operating Partnership consist of OP Units and fully-vested LTIP Units, and represented approximately 14% of our Operating Partnership's total interests as of March 31, 2019 when we and our Operating Partnership had 170.2 million shares of common stock and 28.2 million OP Units and fully-vested LTIP Units outstanding, respectively. A share of our common stock, an OP Unit and an LTIP Unit (once vested and booked up) have essentially the same economic characteristics, sharing equally in the distributions from our Operating Partnership.  Investors who own OP Units have the right to cause our Operating Partnership to acquire their OP Units for an amount of cash per unit equal to the market value of one share of our common stock at the date of acquisition, or, at our election, exchange their OP Units for shares of our common stock on a one-for-one basis. LTIP Units have been granted to our key employees and non-employee directors as part of their compensation. These awards generally vest over a service period and once vested can generally be converted to OP Units provided our stock price increases by more than a specified hurdle.


Changes in our Ownership Interest in our Operating Partnership

The table below presents the effect on our equity from net income attributable to common stockholders and changes in our ownership interest in our Operating Partnership:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
28,701

 
$
28,206

 
 
 
 
Transfers from noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
Exchange of OP Units with noncontrolling interests
363

 
5,199

Repurchase of OP Units from noncontrolling interests
(291
)
 

Net transfers from noncontrolling interests
72

 
5,199

 
 
 
 
Change from net income attributable to common stockholders and transfers from noncontrolling interests
$
28,773

 
$
33,405



22

Table of Contents
Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

AOCI Reconciliation(1) 

The table below presents a reconciliation of our AOCI, which consists solely of adjustments related to derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
(In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
$
53,944

 
$
43,099

Adoption of ASU 2017-12 - cumulative opening balance adjustment

 
211

Consolidated derivatives:
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(21,563
)
 
39,731

Reclassification of gains from AOCI to Interest Expense
(8,724
)
 
(131
)
Unconsolidated Funds' derivatives (our share)(2):
 
 
 
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(2,405
)
 
4,475

Reclassification of (gains) losses from AOCI to Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds
(616
)
 
83

Net current period OCI
(33,308
)
 
44,369

OCI attributable to noncontrolling interests
10,307

 
(13,447
)
OCI attributable to common stockholders
(23,001
)
 
30,922

 
 
 
 
Ending balance
$
30,943

 
$
74,021

___________________________________________________
(1)
See Note 9 for the details of our derivatives and Note 12 for our derivative fair value disclosures.
(2)
We calculate our share by multiplying the total amount for each Fund by our equity interest in the respective Fund.


Equity Compensation

On June 2, 2016, the Douglas Emmett 2016 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan ("2016 Plan") became effective after receiving stockholder approval, superseding our prior plan, the Douglas Emmett 2006 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan ("2006 Plan"), both of which allow for awards to our directors, officers, employees and consultants. The key terms of the two plans are substantially identical, except for the date of expiration, the number of shares authorized for grants and various technical provisions. Grants after June 2, 2016 were awarded under the 2016 Plan, while grants prior to that date were awarded under the 2006 Plan (grants under the 2006 Plan remain outstanding according to their terms). Both plans are administered by the compensation committee of our board of directors.  

Total net stock-based compensation expense was $2.6 million and $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. These amounts are net of capitalized stock-based compensation of $670 thousand and $452 thousand for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. There were no outstanding options during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The intrinsic value of options exercised was $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018.



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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

11. EPS

We calculate basic EPS by dividing the net income attributable to common stockholders for the period by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. We calculate diluted EPS by dividing the net income attributable to common stockholders for the period by the weighted average number of common shares and dilutive instruments outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. We account for unvested LTIP awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends as participating securities and include these securities in the computation of basic and diluted EPS using the two-class method. The table below presents the calculation of basic and diluted EPS:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019

2018
Numerator (In thousands):
 

 
 

Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
28,701

 
$
28,206

Allocation to participating securities: Unvested LTIP Units
(126
)
 
(117
)
Numerator for basic and diluted net income attributable to common stockholders
$
28,575

 
$
28,089

 
 
 
 
Denominator (In thousands):
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding - basic
170,221

 
169,601

Effect of dilutive securities: Stock options(1)

 
24

Weighted average shares of common stock and common stock equivalents outstanding - diluted
170,221

 
169,625

 
 
 
 
Basic EPS:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders per share
$
0.17

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
 
Diluted EPS:
 
 
 
Net income attributable to common stockholders per share
$
0.17

 
$
0.17

____________________________________________________
(1)
There were no outstanding options during the three months ended March 31, 2019. The following securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because including them would be anti-dilutive to the calculation:

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 (In thousands)
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
OP Units
26,340

 
26,943

Vested LTIP Units
1,831

 
800


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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

12. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Our estimates of the fair value of financial instruments were determined using available market information and widely used valuation methods.  Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and determine an estimated fair value.  The use of different market assumptions or valuation methods may have a material effect on the estimated fair values. The FASB fair value framework hierarchy distinguishes between assumptions based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity, and the reporting entity’s own assumptions about market-based inputs.  The hierarchy is as follows:
 
Level 1 - inputs utilize unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.  
Level 2 - inputs are observable either directly or indirectly for similar assets and liabilities in active markets.  
Level 3 - inputs are unobservable assumptions generated by the reporting entity

As of March 31, 2019, we did not have any fair value estimates of financial instruments using Level 3 inputs.

Financial instruments disclosed at fair value

Short term financial instruments: The carrying amounts for cash and cash equivalents, tenant receivables, revolving credit line, interest payable, accounts payable, security deposits and dividends payable approximate fair value because of the short-term nature of these instruments.
Secured notes payable: See Note 7 for the details of our secured notes payable. We estimate the fair value of our consolidated secured notes payable by calculating the credit-adjusted present value of the principal and interest payments for each secured note payable. The calculation incorporates observable market interest rates which we consider to be Level 2 inputs, assumes that the loans will be outstanding through maturity, and excludes any maturity extension options. The table below presents the estimated fair value and carrying value of our secured notes payable (excluding our revolving credit facility), the carrying value includes unamortized loan premium and excludes unamortized deferred loan fees:
(In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Fair value
$
4,100,464

 
$
4,087,979

Carrying value
$
4,062,741

 
$
4,062,968


Ground lease liability: See Note 3 for the details of our ground lease. We estimate the fair value of our ground lease liability by calculating the present value of the future lease payments disclosed in Note 3 using our incremental borrowing rate. The calculation incorporates observable market interest rates which we consider to be Level 2 inputs. The table below presents the estimated fair value and carrying value of our ground lease liability:
(In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
 
Fair value
11,350

Carrying value
10,887




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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

Financial instruments measured at fair value

Derivative instruments: See Note 9 for the details of our derivatives. We present our derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value, on a gross basis, excluding accrued interest.  We estimate the fair value of our derivative instruments by calculating the credit-adjusted present value of the expected future cash flows of each derivative.  The calculation incorporates the contractual terms of the derivatives, observable market interest rates which we consider to be Level 2 inputs, and credit risk adjustments to reflect the counterparty's as well as our own nonperformance risk. Our derivatives are not subject to master netting arrangements.  The table below presents the estimated fair value of our derivatives:
(In thousands)
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
Derivative Assets:
 
 
 
Fair value - consolidated derivatives(1)
$
46,880

 
$
73,414

Fair value - unconsolidated Funds' derivatives(2)
$
7,416

 
$
12,228

 
 
 
 
Derivative Liabilities:
 
 
 
Fair value - consolidated derivatives(1)
$
5,283

 
$
1,530

Fair value - unconsolidated Funds' derivatives(2)
$

 
$

____________________________________________________
(1)
Consolidated derivatives, which include 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our consolidated JVs' derivatives, are included in interest rate contracts in our consolidated balance sheets. The fair values exclude accrued interest which is included in interest payable in the consolidated balance sheets.
(2)
Reflects 100%, not our pro-rata share, of our unconsolidated Funds' derivatives. Our pro-rata share of the amounts related to the unconsolidated Funds' derivatives is included in our Investment in unconsolidated real estate funds in our consolidated balance sheets. See Note 15 regarding our unconsolidated Funds debt and derivatives.

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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

13. Segment Reporting

Segment information is prepared on the same basis that our management reviews information for operational decision-making purposes.  We operate in two business segments: (i) the acquisition, development, ownership and management of office real estate and (ii) the acquisition, development, ownership and management of multifamily real estate.  The services for our office segment primarily include rental of office space and other tenant services, including parking and storage space rental.  The services for our multifamily segment include rental of apartments and other tenant services, including parking and storage space rental. Asset information by segment is not reported because we do not use this measure to assess performance or make decisions to allocate resources.  Therefore, depreciation and amortization expense is not allocated among segments.  General and administrative expenses and interest expense are not included in segment profit as our internal reporting addresses these items on a corporate level. The table below presents the operating activity of our reportable segments:

(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
Office Segment
 
 
 
Total office revenues
$
197,290

 
$
187,333

Office expenses
(63,449
)
 
(60,356
)
Office segment profit
133,841

 
126,977

 
 
 
 
Multifamily Segment
 
 
 
Total multifamily revenues
26,896

 
24,914

Multifamily expenses
(7,555
)
 
(6,698
)
Multifamily segment profit
19,341

 
18,216

 
 
 
 
Total profit from all segments
$
153,182

 
$
145,193



The table below presents a reconciliation of the total profit from all segments to net income attributable to common stockholders:

(In thousands)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Total profit from all segments
$
153,182

 
$
145,193

General and administrative expenses
(9,832
)
 
(9,567
)
Depreciation and amortization
(79,873
)
 
(72,498
)
Other income
2,898

 
2,630

Other expenses
(1,845
)
 
(1,733
)
Income, including depreciation, from unconsolidated real estate funds
1,551

 
1,506

Interest expense
(33,293
)
 
(32,900
)
Net income
32,788

 
32,631

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(4,087
)
 
(4,425
)
Net income attributable to common stockholders
$
28,701

 
$
28,206


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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

14. Future Minimum Lease Rental Receipts

We lease space to tenants primarily under non-cancelable operating leases that generally contain provisions for a base rent plus reimbursement of certain operating expenses, and we own fee interests in two parcels of land from which we receive rent under ground leases. The table below presents the future minimum base rentals on our non-cancelable office tenant and ground leases at March 31, 2019:

Twelve months ending March 31:
 (In thousands)
 
 
2020
$
648,328

2021
579,740

2022
476,073

2023
384,943

2024
290,637

Thereafter
687,219

Total future minimum base rentals(1)
$
3,066,940

_____________________________________________________
(1)
Does not include (i) residential leases, which typically have a term of one year or less, (ii) holdover rent, (iii) other types of rent such as storage and antenna rent, (iv) tenant reimbursements, (v) straight- line rent, (vi) amortization/accretion of acquired above/below-market lease intangibles and (vii) percentage rents.  The amounts assume that early termination options held by tenants are not exercised.

15. Commitments, Contingencies and Guarantees

Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are party to various lawsuits, claims and other legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of our business.  Excluding ordinary, routine litigation incidental to our business, we are not currently a party to any legal proceedings that we believe would reasonably be expected to have a materially adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Concentration of Risk

We are subject to credit risk with respect to our tenant receivables and deferred rent receivables related to our tenant leases. Our tenants' ability to honor the terms of their respective leases remains dependent upon economic, regulatory and social factors. We seek to minimize our credit risk from our tenant leases by (i) targeting smaller, more affluent tenants, from a diverse mix of industries, (ii) performing credit evaluations of prospective tenants and (iii) obtaining security deposits or letters of credit from our tenants.  For the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, no tenant accounted for more than 10% of our total revenues.  

All of our properties, including the properties of our consolidated JVs and unconsolidated Funds, are located in Los Angeles County, California and Honolulu, Hawaii, and we are therefore susceptible to adverse economic and regulatory developments, as well as natural disasters, in those markets.

We are subject to credit risk with respect to our interest rate swap counterparties that we use to manage the risk associated with our floating rate debt. We do not post or receive collateral with respect to our swap transactions. See Note 9 for the details of our interest rate contracts. We seek to minimize our credit risk by entering into agreements with a variety of high quality counterparties with investment grade ratings.

We have significant cash balances invested in a variety of short-term money market funds that are intended to preserve principal value and maintain a high degree of liquidity while providing current income. These investments are not insured against loss of principal and there is no guarantee that our investments in these funds will be redeemable at par value. We also have significant cash balances in bank accounts with high quality financial institutions with investment grade ratings.  Interest bearing bank accounts at each U.S. banking institution are insured by the FDIC up to $250 thousand.


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Douglas Emmett, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) (continued)

Asset Retirement Obligations

Conditional asset retirement obligations represent a legal obligation to perform an asset retirement activity in which the timing and/or method of settlement is conditional on a future event that may or may not be within our control.  A liability for a conditional asset retirement obligation must be recorded if the fair value of the obligation can be reasonably estimated.  Environmental site assessments have identified twenty-eight buildings in our Consolidated Portfolio and four buildings owned by our unconsolidated Funds which contain asbestos, and would have to be removed in compliance with applicable environmental regulations if these properties are demolished or undergo major renovations.  As of March 31, 2019, the obligations to remove the asbestos from these properties if they were demolished or undergo major renovations have indeterminable settlement dates, and we are unable to reasonably estimate the fair value of the associated conditional asset retirement obligation. As of March 31, 2019, the obligations to remove the asbestos from properties that are currently undergoing major renovations, or that we plan to renovate in the future, are not material to our financial statements.

Development and Other Contracts

In West Los Angeles, we are building a high-rise apartment building with 376 apartments. In downtown Honolulu, we are converting a 25 story, 490,000 square foot office tower into approximately 500 rental apartments. We expect the conversion to occur in phases over a number of years as the office space is vacated. As of March 31, 2019, we had an aggregate remaining contractual commitment for these and other development projects of approximately $192.0 million. As of March 31, 2019, we had an aggregate remaining contractual commitment for repositionings, capital expenditure projects and tenant improvements of approximately $40.2 million.

Guarantees

We have made certain environmental and other limited indemnities and guarantees covering customary non-recourse carve- outs for our unconsolidated Funds' debt. We have also guaranteed the related swaps. Our Funds have agreed to indemnify us for any amounts that we would be required to pay under these agreements. As of March 31, 2019, all of the obligations under the related debt and swap agreements have been performed in accordance with the terms of those agreements. The table below summarizes our Funds' debt as of March 31, 2019. The amounts represent 100% (not our pro-rata share) of the amounts related to our Funds:

Fund(1)
 
Loan Maturity Date
 
Principal Balance
(In Millions)
 
Variable Interest Rate
 
Swap Fixed Interest Rate
 
Swap Maturity Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Partnership X(2)(4)
 
3/1/2023
 
$
110.0

 
LIBOR + 1.40%
 
2.30%
 
3/1/2021
Fund X(3)(4)
 
7/1/2024
 
400.0

 
LIBOR + 1.65%
 
3.44%
 
7/1/2022
 
 
 
 
$
510.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
___________________________________________________
(1)
See Note 5 for more information regarding our unconsolidated Funds.
(2)
Floating rate term loan, swapped to fixed, which is secured by two properties and requires monthly payments of interest only, with the outstanding principal due upon maturity. As of March 31, 2019, assuming a zero-percent LIBOR interest rate during the remaining life of the swap, the maximum future payments under the swap agreement were $1.9 million.
(3)
Floating rate term loan, swapped to fixed, which is secured by six properties and requires monthly payments of interest only, with the outstanding principal due upon maturity. As of March 31, 2019, assuming a zero-percent LIBOR interest rate during the remaining life of the swap, the maximum future payments under the swap agreement were $23.6 million. Loan agreement includes the requirement to purchase an interest rate cap if one-month LIBOR equals or exceeds 3.56% for fourteen consecutive days after the related swap matures.
(4)
Loan agreement includes a zero-percent LIBOR floor. The corresponding swaps do not include such a floor.


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Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes in Part I, Item 1 of this Report, and our Forward Looking Statements disclaimer.

Business Description

Douglas Emmett, Inc. is a fully integrated, self-administered and self-managed REIT. Through our interest in our Operating Partnership and its subsidiaries, our consolidated JVs and our unconsolidated Funds, we are one of the largest owners and operators of high-quality office and multifamily properties in Los Angeles County, California and in Honolulu, Hawaii. We focus on owning, acquiring, developing and managing a substantial share of top-tier office properties and premier multifamily communities in neighborhoods that possess significant supply constraints, high-end executive housing and key lifestyle amenities. As of March 31, 2019, our portfolio consisted of the following:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Portfolio(1)
 
Total Portfolio(2)
 
 
Office
 
 
 
 
 
Class A Properties(3) 
63
 
71
 
 
Rentable Square Feet (in thousands)(4)
16,527
 
18,367
 
 
Leased rate
91.9%
 
91.8%
 
 
Occupied rate
90.4%
 
90.3%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
Properties(3)
10
 
10
 
 
Units
3,642
 
3,642
 
 
Leased rate
99.6%
 
99.6%
 
 
Occupied rate
97.4%
 
97.4%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
______________________________________________________________________
(1) Our Consolidated Portfolio includes the properties in our consolidated results. Through our subsidiaries, we own 100% of these properties except for ten office properties totaling 2.8 million square feet, which we own through three consolidated JVs. Our Consolidated Portfolio also includes two land parcels from which we receive ground rent from ground leases to the owners of a Class A office building and a hotel.
(2) Our Total Portfolio includes our Consolidated Portfolio as well as eight properties totaling 1.8 million square feet owned by our unconsolidated Funds. See Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Report for more information about our unconsolidated Funds.
(3) Our office and multifamily portfolios include ancillary retail space.
(4) During the three months ended March 31, 2019, we removed approximately 122,000 rentable square feet of vacant space at an office building we are converting to residential apartments.

Annualized rent
 
As of March 31, 2019, annualized rent from our Consolidated Portfolio was derived as follows:

397814500_chart-aa57df7df4ba598eaae.jpg____397814500_chart-2de268cc323c5961b8c.jpg

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Financings, Developments and Repositionings
 
Financings
In March 2019, we renewed our $400 million revolving credit facility, releasing two previously encumbered properties, lowering the borrowing rate and unused facility fees, and extending the maturity date. The renewed facility bears interest at LIBOR + 1.15% and matures on August 21, 2023. See Note 7 to our consolidated financial statements in Item 1 of this Report for more information regarding our debt.

Developments
    
In West Los Angeles, we are building a 34 story high-rise apartment building with 376 apartments. The tower is being built on a site that is directly adjacent to our existing office building and a 712 unit residential property that we own. We expect the cost of the development to be approximately $180.0 million to $200.0 million, which does not include the cost of the land which we have owned since 1997. As part of the project, we are investing additional capital to build a one acre park on Wilshire Boulevard that will be available to the public and provide a valuable amenity to our surrounding properties and community. We expect construction to take about 3 years.

At our Moanalua Hillside Apartments in Honolulu, we completed the construction of an additional 491 new apartments on 28 acres which now join our existing 680 apartments. We also invested additional capital to upgrade the existing buildings, improve the parking and landscaping, built a new leasing and management office, and constructed a new fitness center and two pools.

In downtown Honolulu, we are converting a 25 story, 490 thousand square foot office tower into approximately 500 rental apartments. We expect the conversion to occur in phases over a number of years as the office space is vacated. We currently estimate the construction costs to be approximately $80.0 million to $100.0 million, although the inherent uncertainties of development are compounded by the multi-year and phased nature of the conversion. Assuming timely approvals, we expect the first units to be delivered in 2020. This project will help address the severe shortage of rental housing in Honolulu and revitalize the central business district.

Repositionings

We often strategically purchase properties with large vacancies or expected near-term lease roll-over and use our knowledge of the property and submarket to reposition the property for the optimal use and tenant mix. The work we undertake to reposition a building typically takes months or even years, and could involve a range of improvements from a complete structural renovation to a targeted remodeling of selected spaces. We generally select a property for repositioning at the time we purchase it, although repositioning efforts can also occur at properties that we already own. During the repositioning, the affected property may display depressed rental revenue and occupancy levels which impacts our results and, therefore, comparisons of our performance from period to period.

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Rental Rate Trends - Total Portfolio

Office Rental Rates

The table below presents the average annual rental rate per leased square foot and the annualized lease transaction costs per leased square foot for leases executed in our total office portfolio:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average straight-line rental rate(1)(2)
 
$45.52
 
$48.77
 
$44.48
 
$43.21
 
$42.65
 
 
Annualized lease transaction costs(3)
 
$5.34
 
$5.80
 
$5.68
 
$5.74
 
$4.77
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
___________________________________________________
(1)
Because straight-line rent takes into account the full economic value of each lease, including rent concessions and escalations, we believe that it may provide a better comparison than ending cash rents, which include the impact of the annual escalations over the entire term of the lease. However, care should be taken in any comparison, as the averages are often significantly affected from period to period by factors such as the buildings, submarkets, and types of space and terms involved in the leases executed during the respective reporting period.
(2)
Reflects the weighted average straight-line Annualized Rent.
(3)
Reflects the weighted average leasing commissions and tenant improvement allowances divided by the weighted average number of years for the leases. Excludes leases substantially negotiated by the seller in the case of acquired properties and leases for tenants relocated from space being taken out of service.

Office Rent Roll

The table below presents the rent roll for new and renewed leases per leased square foot executed in our total office portfolio during the three months ended March 31, 2019:

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rent Roll (1)(2)
 
Starting Cash Rent
 
Straight-line Rent
 
Expiring Cash Rent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Leases signed during the period
 
$44.21
 
$45.52
 
N/A
 
 
 
Prior leases for the same space
 
$36.62
 
$37.78
 
$40.54
 
 
 
Percentage change
 
20.7%
 
20.5%
 
9.1%
(3) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
___________________________________________________
(1)
Represents the average initial stabilized cash and straight-line rents on new and renewal leases signed during the quarter compared to the prior lease on the same space, excluding Short-Term Leases, leases where the prior lease was terminated more than a year before signing of the new lease, leases for tenants relocated from space being taken out of service, and leases in acquired buildings where we believe the information about the prior agreement is incomplete or where we believe base rent reflects other off-market inducements to the tenant that are not reflected in the prior lease document.
(2)
Our office rent roll can fluctuate from period to period as a result of changes in our submarkets, buildings and term of the expiring leases, making these metrics difficult to predict.
(3)
The percentage change for expiring cash rent represents the comparison between the starting cash rent on leases executed during the respective period and the expiring cash rent on the prior leases for the same space.


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Multifamily Rental Rates

The table below presents the average annual rental rate per leased unit for new tenants.