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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

srg-10q_20190331.htm

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______to _______

Commission File Number 001-37420

SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Maryland

38-3976287

(State of Incorporation)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

500 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1530, New York, New York

10110

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 355-7800

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading Symbols

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share

SRG

New York Stock Exchange

7.00% Series A cumulative redeemable preferred shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share

SRG-PA

New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes      No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

 

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes      No  

As of April 30, 2019, the registrant had the following common shares outstanding:

 

Class

Shares Outstanding

Class A common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share

35,689,708

Class B common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share

1,322,365

Class C common shares of beneficial interest, par value $0.01 per share

0

 

 


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

QUARTER ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

 

 

Page

 

 

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

3

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

4

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

5

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018

6

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

8

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

31

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure about Market Risk

43

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

43

 

 

 

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

44

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

44

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

44

 

 

 

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

44

 

 

 

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

44

 

 

 

Item 5.

Other Information

44

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

45

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

46

 

 

 


PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

 

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

December 31, 2018

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in real estate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land

 

$

682,176

 

 

$

696,792

 

Buildings and improvements

 

 

912,767

 

 

 

900,173

 

Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(147,679

)

 

 

(137,947

)

 

 

 

1,447,264

 

 

 

1,459,018

 

Construction in progress

 

 

327,006

 

 

 

292,049

 

Net investment in real estate

 

 

1,774,270

 

 

 

1,751,067

 

Real estate held for sale

 

 

7,510

 

 

 

3,094

 

Investment in unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

419,528

 

 

 

398,577

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

442,625

 

 

 

532,857

 

Tenant and other receivables, net

 

 

41,740

 

 

 

36,926

 

Lease intangible assets, net

 

 

101,452

 

 

 

123,656

 

Prepaid expenses, deferred expenses and other assets, net

 

 

52,700

 

 

 

29,899

 

Total assets

 

$

2,839,825

 

 

$

2,876,076

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Term Loan Facility, net

 

$

1,598,171

 

 

$

1,598,053

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

118,674

 

 

 

127,565

 

Total liabilities

 

 

1,716,845

 

 

 

1,725,618

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders' Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common shares $0.01 par value; 100,000,000 shares authorized;

   35,689,708 and 35,667,521 shares issued and outstanding

   as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively

 

 

357

 

 

 

357

 

Class B common shares $0.01 par value; 5,000,000 shares authorized;

   1,322,365 shares issued and outstanding

   as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018

 

 

13

 

 

 

13

 

Series A preferred shares $0.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized;

    2,800,000 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and

    December 31, 2018; liquidation preference of $70,000

 

 

28

 

 

 

28

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

1,124,457

 

 

 

1,124,504

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(362,606

)

 

 

(344,132

)

Total shareholders' equity

 

 

762,249

 

 

 

780,770

 

Non-controlling interests

 

 

360,731

 

 

 

369,688

 

Total equity

 

 

1,122,980

 

 

 

1,150,458

 

Total liabilities and equity

 

$

2,839,825

 

 

$

2,876,076

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements. 

- 3 -


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

REVENUE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rental revenue

 

$

43,578

 

 

$

53,777

 

Management and other fee income

 

 

282

 

 

 

 

Total revenue

 

 

43,860

 

 

 

53,777

 

EXPENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property operating

 

 

10,237

 

 

 

7,241

 

Real estate taxes

 

 

10,192

 

 

 

11,381

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

26,216

 

 

 

34,667

 

General and administrative

 

 

9,759

 

 

 

7,797

 

Provision for doubtful accounts

 

 

 

 

 

61

 

Total expenses

 

 

56,404

 

 

 

61,147

 

Gain on sale of real estate, net

 

 

21,261

 

 

 

41,831

 

Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

1,222

 

 

 

(2,582

)

Interest and other income

 

 

2,598

 

 

 

680

 

Interest expense

 

 

(23,454

)

 

 

(16,419

)

Change in fair value of interest rate cap

 

 

 

 

 

165

 

(Loss) income before income taxes

 

 

(10,917

)

 

 

16,305

 

Provision for income taxes

 

 

23

 

 

 

(104

)

Net (loss) income

 

 

(10,894

)

 

 

16,201

 

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

 

 

3,927

 

 

 

(5,873

)

Net loss (income) attributable to Seritage

 

$

(6,967

)

 

$

10,328

 

Preferred dividends

 

 

(1,225

)

 

 

(1,228

)

Net (loss) income attributable to Seritage common shareholders

 

$

(8,192

)

 

$

9,100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income per share attributable to Seritage Class A

   and Class C common shareholders - Basic

 

$

(0.23

)

 

$

0.26

 

Net (loss) income per share attributable to Seritage Class A

   and Class C common shareholders - Diluted

 

$

(0.23

)

 

$

0.26

 

Weighted average Class A and Class C common shares outstanding - Basic

 

 

35,671

 

 

 

35,414

 

Weighted average Class A and Class C common shares outstanding - Diluted

 

 

35,671

 

 

 

35,501

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

 

- 4 -


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A Common

 

 

Class B Common

 

 

Class C Common

 

 

Series A Preferred

 

 

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Controlling

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Interests

 

 

Equity

 

Balance at January 1, 2018

 

 

32,416

 

 

$

324

 

 

 

1,329

 

 

$

13

 

 

 

3,151

 

 

$

31

 

 

 

2,800

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

1,116,060

 

 

$

(229,760

)

 

$

434,164

 

 

$

1,320,860

 

Net Income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,328

 

 

 

5,873

 

 

 

16,201

 

Common dividends and

   distributions declared

   ($0.25 per share and unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,992

)

 

 

(5,054

)

 

 

(14,046

)

Preferred dividends

   declared ($0.4375 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,228

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,228

)

Vesting of restricted share units

 

 

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

869

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

869

 

Preferred stock offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(88

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(88

)

Share class exchanges, net

   (2,779,121 common shares)

 

 

2,779

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2,779

)

 

 

(27

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at March 31, 2018

 

 

35,209

 

 

$

352

 

 

 

1,329

 

 

$

13

 

 

 

372

 

 

$

4

 

 

 

2,800

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

1,116,841

 

 

$

(229,652

)

 

$

434,983

 

 

$

1,322,569

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance at January 1, 2019

 

 

35,668

 

 

$

357

 

 

 

1,322

 

 

$

13

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

2,800

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

1,124,504

 

 

$

(344,132

)

 

$

369,688

 

 

$

1,150,458

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(6,967

)

 

 

(3,927

)

 

 

(10,894

)

Cumulative effect of accounting

   change (see Note 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,286

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1,286

)

Common dividends and

   distributions declared

   ($0.25 per share and unit)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(8,996

)

 

 

(5,030

)

 

 

(14,026

)

Preferred dividends

   declared ($0.4375 per share)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,225

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,225

)

Vesting of restricted share units

 

 

(23

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,613

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1,613

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

45

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,566

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,566

 

Balance at March 31, 2019

 

 

35,690

 

 

$

357

 

 

 

1,322

 

 

$

13

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

2,800

 

 

$

28

 

 

$

1,124,457

 

 

$

(362,606

)

 

$

360,731

 

 

$

1,122,980

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

- 5 -


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

CASH FLOW FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net (loss) income

 

$

(10,894

)

 

$

16,201

 

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

(1,222

)

 

 

2,582

 

Distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

781

 

 

 

 

Gain on sale of real estate, net

 

 

(21,261

)

 

 

(41,831

)

Unrealized (gain) loss on interest rate cap

 

 

 

 

 

(165

)

Share-based compensation

 

 

1,532

 

 

 

869

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

26,216

 

 

 

34,667

 

Amortization of deferred financing costs

 

 

118

 

 

 

1,720

 

Amortization of above and below market leases, net

 

 

(104

)

 

 

(234

)

Straight-line rent adjustment

 

 

(3,355

)

 

 

(2,453

)

Change in operating assets and liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tenants and other receivables

 

 

484

 

 

 

1,034

 

Prepaid expenses, deferred expenses and other assets

 

 

(248

)

 

 

(4,229

)

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

(8,818

)

 

 

(502

)

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities

 

 

(16,771

)

 

 

7,659

 

CASH FLOW FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investment in unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

(9,140

)

 

 

(1,616

)

Distributions from unconsolidated joint ventures

 

 

389

 

 

 

2,110

 

Net proceeds from sale of real estate

 

 

37,569

 

 

 

60,435

 

Development of real estate

 

 

(85,413

)

 

 

(85,983

)

Net cash used in by investing activities

 

 

(56,595

)

 

 

(25,054

)

CASH FLOW FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repayment of mortgage loans payable

 

 

 

 

 

(73,034

)

Payment of deferred financing costs

 

 

 

 

 

(363

)

Purchase of shares related to stock grant recipients' tax withholdings

 

 

(1,613

)

 

 

 

Preferred dividends paid

 

 

(1,225

)

 

 

 

Common dividends paid

 

 

(8,998

)

 

 

(8,877

)

Non-controlling interests distributions paid

 

 

(5,030

)

 

 

(5,055

)

Net cash used in financing activities

 

 

(16,866

)

 

 

(87,329

)

Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

 

(90,232

)

 

 

(104,724

)

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, beginning of period

 

 

532,857

 

 

 

417,234

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash, end of period

 

$

442,625

 

 

$

312,510

 

 

- 6 -


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)

(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2019

 

 

2018

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash payments for interest

 

$

28,000

 

 

$

21,105

 

Capitalized interest

 

 

5,666

 

 

 

6,862

 

Income taxes paid

 

 

25

 

 

 

104

 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING

   ACTIVITIES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Development of real estate financed with accounts payable

 

$

17,438

 

 

$

19,964

 

Common dividends and OP unit distributions declared and unpaid

 

 

14,026

 

 

 

14,046

 

Preferred dividends declared and unpaid

 

 

1,225

 

 

 

 

Decrease in real estate, net resulting from deconsolidated properties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate, net

 

 

(14,656

)

 

 

(58,190

)

Tenants and other receivables, net

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

Prepaid expenses, deferred expenses and other assets, net

 

 

(84

)

 

 

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

Transfer to real estate assets held for sale

 

 

4,416

 

 

 

 

Transfer of below market asset to Right of Use Asset

 

 

(11,005

)

 

 

 

Recording of Lease Right of Use Assets

 

 

19,373

 

 

 

 

Recording of Lease Liabilities

 

 

(8,368

)

 

 

 

RECONCILIATION OF CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AND

   RESTRICTED CASH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

 

442,625

 

 

 

135,091

 

Restricted cash

 

 

 

 

 

177,419

 

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash shown in the statement of cash flows

 

$

442,625

 

 

$

312,510

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

- 7 -


SERITAGE GROWTH PROPERTIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 – Organization

Seritage Growth Properties (“Seritage” or the “Company”) was organized in Maryland on June 3, 2015.  The Company is a fully-integrated, self-administered, self-managed real estate investment trust (“REIT”) primarily engaged in the real property business through its investment in Seritage Growth Properties, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”), a Delaware limited partnership that was formed on April 22, 2015.  Unless the context otherwise requires, “Seritage” and the “Company” refer to Seritage, the Operating Partnership, and its subsidiaries.

On June 11, 2015, Sears Holdings Corporation (“Sears Holdings”) effected a rights offering to Sears Holdings stockholders to purchase common shares of Seritage in order to fund, in part, the $2.7 billion acquisition of (i) 234 of Sears Holdings’ owned properties and one of its ground leased properties (the “Acquired Properties”), and (ii) Sears Holdings’ 50% interests in three joint ventures that collectively owned 28 properties, ground leased one property and leased two properties (the “Acquired JV Properties”).  Concurrent with the acquisition, the Company leased back to Sears Holdings space at 224 of the Acquired Properties under a master lease agreement (the “Original Master Lease”) and space at all 31 Acquired JV Properties under multiple master lease agreements (the “Original JV Master Leases”).

The rights offering ended on July 2, 2015, and the Company’s Class A common shares were listed on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) on July 6, 2015.  On July 7, 2015, the Company completed the transactions with Sears Holdings and commenced operations.  The Company did not have any operations prior to the completion of the rights offering and the transactions with Sears Holdings.

On October 15, 2018, Sears Holdings and certain of its affiliates filed voluntary petitions for relief under chapter 11 of title 11 of the United States Code with the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York (the “Bankruptcy Court”).  On February 11, 2019, Transform Holdco LLC (“Holdco”), an affiliate of ESL Investments, Inc.(“ESL”), completed the acquisition of an approximately 425-store retail footprint and other assets and component businesses of Sears Holdings on a going-concern basis (the “Holdco Acquisition”).  In connection with the Holdco Acquisition, Holdco acquired certain designation rights with respect to certain executory contracts and leases of Sears Holdings, including the Original Master Lease.  On February 28, 2019, the Company and certain affiliates of Holdco executed a master lease with respect to 51 Acquired Properties (the “Holdco Master Lease”).   The Holdco Master Lease became effective on March 12, 2019, when the Bankruptcy Court issued an order approving the rejection of the Original Master Lease. For accounting purposes, the Holdco Master Lease is treated as a modification to the Original Master Lease.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company’s portfolio consisted of interests in 225 properties totaling approximately 35.6 million square feet of gross leasable area (“GLA”), including 198 wholly owned properties totaling approximately 30.8 million square feet of GLA across 46 states and Puerto Rico (the “Wholly Owned Properties), and interests in 27 joint venture properties totaling approximately 4.8 million square feet of GLA across 13 states (the “JV Properties”).

As of March 31, 2019, the Company leased space at 51 Wholly Owned Properties to Holdco pursuant to the Holdco Master Lease and space at 19 JV Properties continued to be leased to Sears Holdings pursuant to the Original JV Master Leases.  Under the Holdco Master Lease and Original JV Master Leases, the Company has the right to recapture certain space at each property occupied by Holdco and Sears Holdings, respectively, for retenanting or redevelopment purposes.  Tenants under the Holdco Master Lease and Original JV Master Leases also have rights to terminate the lease at individual locations subject to certain parameters (see Note 5).

 

 

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) and should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, (the “Annual Report”), for the year ended December 31, 2018.  Certain footnote disclosures which would substantially duplicate those contained in our Annual Report have been condensed or omitted from this quarterly report.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation (which include only normal recurring adjustments) have been included in this quarterly report.  Operating results of three months ended March 31, 2019 may not be indicative of the results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the year ending December 31, 2019.  Capitalized terms used, but not defined in this quarterly report, have the same meanings as set forth in our Annual Report.

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The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”).  The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, the Operating Partnership, each of their wholly-owned subsidiaries, and all other entities in which they have a controlling financial interest or entities that meet the definition of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) in which the Company has, as a result of ownership, contractual interests or other financial interests, both the power to direct activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIE and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits that could potentially be significant to the VIE.  All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

If the Company has an interest in a VIE but it is not determined to be the primary beneficiary, the Company accounts for its interest under the equity method of accounting.  Similarly, for those entities which are not VIEs and over which the Company has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not have a controlling financial interest, the Company accounts for its interests under the equity method of accounting.  The Company continually reconsiders its determination of whether an entity is a VIE and whether the Company qualifies as its primary beneficiary. As of March 31, 2019, and December 31, 2018, the Company has several unconsolidated VIEs in the form of joint ventures (see Note 4). The Company does not consolidate these entities because the Company is not the primary beneficiary and the nature of its involvement in the activities of these entities does not give the Company power over decisions that significantly affect these entities’ economic performance.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company holds a 63.9% interest in the Operating Partnership and is the sole general partner which gives the Company exclusive and complete responsibility for the day-to-day management, authority to make decisions, and control of the Operating Partnership.  The Company has determined that the Operating Partnership is a VIE as the limited partners in the Operating Partnership, although entitled to vote on certain matters, do not possess kick-out rights or substantive participating rights.  Accordingly, the Company consolidates its interest in the Operating Partnership.  The assets and liabilities of the Operating Partnership are the same as those of the Company and are presented in the consolidated balance sheet.

To the extent such variable interests are in entities that are not evaluated under the VIE model, the Company evaluates its interests using the voting interest entity model.

 

Reclassification

Upon adoption of the new lease standard, rental recoveries for 2018 have been reclassified to rental revenues in the consolidated statements of operations to conform to the 2019 financial statement presentation.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods.  The most significant assumptions and estimates relate to the useful lives of tangible and intangible assets, real estate impairment assessments, and assessing the recoverability of accounts receivable.  These estimates are based on historical experience and other assumptions which management believes are reasonable under the circumstances.  Management evaluates its estimates on an ongoing basis and makes revisions to these estimates and related disclosures as experience develops or new information becomes known.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.

Segment Reporting

The Company currently operates in a single reportable segment which includes the acquisition, ownership, development, redevelopment, management, and leasing of real estate properties.  The Company’s chief operating decision maker, its Chief Executive Officer, assesses and measures the operating and financial results for each property on an individual basis and does not distinguish or group properties based on geography, size, or type. The Company, therefore, aggregates all properties into one reportable segment due to their similarities with regard to the nature and economics of the properties, tenants, and operational process.

Real Estate Investments

Real estate assets are recorded at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization.

Expenditures for ordinary repairs and maintenance will be expensed as incurred.  Significant renovations which improve the property or extend the useful life of the assets are capitalized.  As real estate is undergoing redevelopment activities, all amounts directly associated with and attributable to the project, including planning, development and construction costs, interest costs, personnel costs of employees directly involved, and other miscellaneous costs incurred during the period of redevelopment, are capitalized.  The capitalization period begins when redevelopment activities are underway and ends when the project is substantially complete.

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Depreciation of real estate assets, excluding land, is recognized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives as follows:

 

Building:

25 – 40 years

Site improvements:

5 – 15 years

Tenant improvements:

shorter of the estimated useful life or non-cancelable term of lease

 

The Company amortizes identified intangibles that have finite lives over the period they are expected to contribute directly or indirectly to the future cash flows of the property or business acquired, generally the remaining non-cancelable term of a related lease.

On a periodic basis, management assesses whether there are indicators that the value of the Company’s real estate assets (including any related intangible assets or liabilities) may be impaired.  If an indicator is identified, a real estate asset is considered impaired only if management’s estimate of current and projected operating cash flows (undiscounted and unleveraged), taking into account the anticipated and probability weighted holding period, are less than a real estate asset’s carrying value.  Various factors are considered in the estimation process, including expected future operating income, trends and prospects and the effects of demand, competition, and other economic factors.  If management determines that the carrying value of a real estate asset is impaired, a loss will be recorded for the excess of its carrying amount over its estimated fair value.  No impairment losses were recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2019 or March 31, 2018.

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company sold interests in eight properties for net proceeds of $38.8 million and recognized gain on sale of real estate of $21.5 million.

Real Estate Held for Sale

When a real estate asset is identified by management as held for sale, the Company ceases depreciation of the asset and estimates its fair value, net of estimated costs to sell.  If the estimated fair value, net of estimated costs to sell, of an asset is less than its net carrying value, an adjustment is recorded to reflect the estimated fair value.  Properties classified as real estate held for sale generally represent properties that are under contract for sale and are expected to close within a year.

In evaluating whether a property meets the held for sale criteria, the Company makes a determination as to the point in time that it is probable that a sale will be consummated.  Given the nature of all real estate sales contracts, it is not unusual for such contracts to allow potential buyers a period of time to evaluate the property prior to formal acceptance of the contract.  In addition, certain other matters critical to the final sale, such as financing arrangements, often remain pending even upon contract acceptance.  As a result, properties under contract may not close within the expected time period or at all.

As of March 31, 2019, two properties were classified as held for sale with assets of $7.5 million and no liabilities and as of December 31, 2018, one property was classified as held for sale with assets of $3.1 million and no liabilities.

Investments in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures

The Company accounts for its investments in unconsolidated joint ventures using the equity method of accounting as the Company exercises significant influence, but does not control these entities. These investments are initially recorded at cost and are subsequently adjusted for cash contributions, cash distributions, and earnings which are recognized in accordance with the terms of the applicable agreement.

On a periodic basis, management assesses whether there are indicators, including the operating performance of the underlying real estate and general market conditions, that the value of the Company’s investments in unconsolidated joint ventures may be impaired.  An investment’s value is impaired only if management’s estimate of the fair value of the Company’s investment is less than its carrying value and such difference is deemed to be other-than-temporary.  To the extent impairment has occurred, the loss is measured as the excess of the carrying amount of the investment over its estimated fair value.  No such impairment losses were recognized for the three months ended March 31, 2019 or March 31, 2018.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash and cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalent balances may, at a limited number of banks and financial institutions, exceed insurable amounts. The Company believes it mitigates this risk by investing in or through major financial institutions and primarily in funds that are insured by the United States federal government.

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Restricted Cash

Restricted cash represents cash deposited in escrow accounts which generally can only be used for the payment of real estate taxes, debt service, insurance, and future capital expenditures as required by certain loan and lease agreements, as well as legally restricted tenant security deposits.

As of March 31, 2019, the Company did not have any restricted cash. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had approximately $177.4 million of restricted cash accounts which were closed in conjunction with the full repayment of the Mortgage Loans and the Future Funding Facility on July 31, 2018.  

Tenant and Other Receivables

Accounts receivable includes unpaid amounts billed to tenants, accrued revenues for future billings to tenants for property expenses, and amounts arising from the straight-lining of rent.  The Company periodically reviews its receivables for collectability, taking into consideration changes in factors such as the tenant’s payment history, the financial condition of the tenant, business conditions in the industry in which the tenant operates, and economic conditions in the area where the property is located.  For accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue, the Company performs a periodic review of receivable balances to assess the risk of uncollectible amounts and establish appropriate provisions. Any receivables that are deemed to be uncollectible are recognized as a reduction to rental revenue in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations. Prior period provision for doubtful accounts is presented on the Company's consolidated statements of operations in accordance with the Company's previous presentation and has not been reclassified to rental revenue.

Revenue Recognition

Rental income is comprised of base rent and reimbursements of property operating expenses.  Base rent is recognized on a straight-line basis over the non-cancelable terms of the related leases.  For leases that have fixed and measurable base rent escalations, the difference between such rental income earned and the cash rent due under the provisions of the lease is recorded as deferred rent receivable and included as a component of tenant and other receivables on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

In leasing tenant space, the Company may provide funding to the lessee through a tenant allowance.  In accounting for a tenant allowance, the Company will determine whether the allowance represents funding for the construction of leasehold improvements and evaluate the ownership of such improvements.  If the Company is considered the owner of the improvements for accounting purposes, the Company will capitalize the amount of the tenant allowance and depreciate it over the shorter of the useful life of the improvements or the related lease term.  If the tenant allowance represents a payment for a purpose other than funding leasehold improvements, or in the event the Company is not considered the owner of the improvements for accounting purposes, the allowance is considered to be a lease incentive and is recognized over the lease term as reduction of rental revenue on a straight-line basis.

The Company commences recognizing revenue based on an evaluation of a number of factors. Revenue recognition under a lease begins when the lessee takes control of the physical use of the leased asset.  Generally, this occurs on the rent commencement date.  In addition, in circumstances where we provide a tenant improvement allowance for improvements that are owned by the tenant, we recognize the allowance as a reduction of rental revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

Reimbursement of property operating expenses arises from tenant leases which provide for the recovery of all or a portion of the operating expenses and real estate taxes of the respective property.  This revenue is accrued in the same periods as the expenses are incurred.

Management and Other Fee Income

Management and other fee income represents management, leasing, and development fees for services performed for the benefit of certain unconsolidated joint ventures and is reported at 100% of the revenue earned from such joint ventures in management and other fee income on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company’s share of management expenses incurred by the unconsolidated joint ventures is reported in equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated joint ventures on the condensed consolidated statements of operations and in other expenses in the combined condensed financial data in Note 4.

Management determined that property and asset management and construction and development management services each represent a series of stand-ready performance obligations satisfied over time with each day of service being a distinct performance obligation. For property and asset management, the Company is typically compensated for its services through a monthly management fee earned based on a specified percentage of monthly rental income or rental receipts generated from the property under management. For construction and development services, the Company is typically compensated for planning, administering and monitoring the design and construction of projects at our unconsolidated joint venture properties based on a percentage of project costs or a fixed fee.  Revenues from such management contracts are recognized over the life of the applicable contract.

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Conversely, leasing services are considered to be a single performance obligation, satisfied as of a point in time.  The Company’s leasing fee is typically paid upon the occurrence of certain contractual event(s) that may be contingent and the pattern of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment.  For these services, the obligation is typically the execution of the lease and, as such, revenues are recognized at the point in time when that obligation has been satisfied.

Accounting for Recapture and Termination Activity Pursuant to the Original Master Lease and Holdco Master Lease (see Note 5)

Seritage 100% Recapture Rights.  The Company generally treats the delivery of a 100% recapture notice as a modification of the lease as of the date of notice.  Such a notice and lease modification result in the following accounting adjustments for the recaptured property:

Accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue that are deemed uncollectable as result of the lease modification are amortized over the remaining shortened life of the lease from the date of notice to the date of vacancy.

Intangible lease assets and liabilities that are deemed to be impacted by the lease modification are amortized over the shorter of the shortened lease term from the date of notice to the date of vacancy or the remaining useful life of the asset or liability.

A 100% recapture will generally occur in conjunction with obtaining a new tenant or a real estate development project.  As such, termination fees, if any, associated with the 100% recapture notice are generally capitalized as either an initial direct cost of obtaining a new lease or a necessary cost of the real estate project and depreciated over the life of the new lease obtained or the real estate asset being constructed or improved.

Seritage Partial Recapture Rights.  The Company generally treats the delivery of a partial recapture notice as a modification of the lease as of the date of notice.  Such a notice and lease modification result in the following accounting adjustments for the recaptured property:

The portion of accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue that are subject to the lease modification are amortized over the remaining shortened life of the lease from the date of notice to the date of vacancy.  The portion of accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue that is attributable to the retained space is amortized over the remaining life of the lease.

The portion of intangible lease assets and liabilities that is deemed to be impacted by the lease modification is amortized over the shorter of the shortened lease term from the date of notice to the date of vacancy or the remaining useful life of the asset or liability.  The portion of intangible lease assets and liabilities that is attributable to the retained space is amortized over the remaining useful life of the asset or liability.

Termination Rights.  The Original Master Lease provided, and the Holdco Master Lease provides the tenant with certain rights to terminate their lease.  Such terminations would generally result in the following accounting adjustments for the terminated property:

Accrued rental revenues related to the straight-line method of reporting rental revenue that are subject to the termination are amortized over the remaining shortened life of the lease from the date of notice to the date of vacancy.

Intangible lease assets and liabilities that are deemed to be impacted by the termination are amortized over the shorter of the shortened lease term from the date of notice to the date of vacancy or the remaining useful life of the asset or liability.

Termination fees required to be paid are recognized as follows:

 

For the portion of the termination fee attributable to the annual base rent of the subject property, termination income is recognized on a straight-line basis over the shortened life of the lease from the date the termination fee becomes legally binding to the date of vacancy.

 

For the portion of the termination fee attributable to estimated real estate taxes and property operating expenses for the subject property, prepaid rental income is recorded in the period such fee is received and recognized as tenant reimbursement revenue in the same periods as the expenses are incurred.

Derivatives

The Company’s use of derivative instruments is limited to the management of interest rate exposure and not for speculative purposes.  In connection with the issuance of the Company’s Mortgage Loans and Future Funding Facility on July 7, 2015, the Company purchased for $5.0 million an interest rate cap with a term of four years, a notional amount of $1,261 million and a strike rate of 3.5%.  The interest rate cap was measured at fair value and included as a component of prepaid expenses, deferred expenses and other assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.  The Company elected not to utilize hedge accounting, and therefore, the change in fair value is included within change in fair value of interest rate cap on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.  

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During the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company terminated its interest rate cap concurrent with the repayment of the Mortgage Loans and the Future Funding Facility and as such there was no balance outstanding as of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded a gain of $0.2 million.

Share-Based Compensation

The Company generally recognizes equity awards to employees as compensation expense and includes such expense within general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.  Compensation expense for equity awards is generally based on the fair value of the common shares at the date of the grant and is recognized (i) ratably over the vesting period for awards with time-based vesting and (ii) for awards with performance-based vesting, at the date the achievement of performance criteria is deemed probable, an amount equal to that which would have been recognized ratably from the date of the grant through the date the achievement of performance criteria is deemed probable, and then ratably from the date the achievement of performance criteria is deemed probable through the remainder of the vesting period.

 

Concentration of Credit Risk

Concentrations of credit risk arise when a number of operators, tenants, or obligors related to the Company's investments are engaged in similar business activities, or activities in the same geographic region, or have similar economic features that would cause their ability to meet contractual obligations, including those to the Company, to be similarly affected by changes in economic conditions. As of March 31, 2019, 51 of the Company's real estate properties were leased to Holdco and a material amount of the Company’s rental revenues for the quarter were derived from the Original Master Lease, prior to its rejection, and subsequently from the Holdco Master Lease.  Until the Company further diversifies the tenancy of its portfolio, an event that has a material adverse effect on Holdco’s business, financial condition or results of operations could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition or results of operations.  

Other than the Company's tenant concentration, management believes the Company's portfolio was reasonably diversified by geographical location and did not contain any other significant concentrations of credit risk.  As of March 31, 2019, the Company's portfolio of 198 Wholly Owned Properties and 27 JV Properties was diversified by location across 46 states and Puerto Rico.

Earnings per Share

The Company has three classes of common stock.  The rights, including the liquidation and dividend rights, of the holders of the Company’s Class A common shares and Class C non-voting common shares are identical, except with respect to voting. As the liquidation and dividend rights are identical, the undistributed earnings are allocated on a proportionate basis. The net earnings (loss) per share amounts are the same for Class A and Class C common shares because the holders of each class are legally entitled to equal per share distributions whether through dividends or in liquidation.  As of August 29, 2018, all outstanding Class C common shares had been exchanged for Class A common shares and there are currently no Class C common shares outstanding.

Class B non-economic common shares are excluded from earnings per share computations as they do not have economic rights.

All outstanding non-vested shares that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends are considered participating securities and are included in computing earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method which specifies that all outstanding non-vested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to distributions are considered participating securities and should be included in the computation of earnings per share.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Boards (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-05, “Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets” to provide guidance for recognizing gains and losses from the transfer of nonfinancial assets. The standard requires a company to derecognize nonfinancial assets once it transfers control of a distinct nonfinancial asset or distinct in substance nonfinancial assets to noncustomers. Additionally, when a company transfers its controlling interest in a nonfinancial asset, but retains a non-controlling ownership interest, the company is required to measure any non-controlling interest it receives or retains at fair value. An entity may elect to apply the amendments in ASU 2017-05 either retrospectively to each period presented in the financial statements (i.e. the retrospective approach) or retrospectively with a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption (i.e. the modified retrospective approach). We adopted this update on January 1, 2018 with no impact to beginning retained earnings/accumulated deficit because there were no open contracts at the time of adoption.

 

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In February 2016, the FASB issued an update (“ASU 2016-02”) establishing ASC Topic 842, Leases ("ASC 842"), as amended by subsequent ASUs on the topic, which sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases for both lessees and lessors. Additional guidance and targeted improvements to the February 2016 ASU were made through the issuance of supplementary ASUs in July 2018, December 2018 and March 2019. The accounting applied by the lessor is largely unchanged from that applied under the existing lease standard. However, ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to apply a two-method approach, classifying leases as either finance or operating leases based on the principle of whether the lease is effectively a financed purchase. Lessees are required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for all leases with a term of greater than 12 months. Leases with a term of 12 months or less should be accounted for like earlier guidance under ASC 840 for operating leases. Lessees should recognize an expense based on the effective interest method for finance leases or on a straight-line basis for operating leases.

 

Effective January 1, 2019, the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 electing the package of practical expedients without hindsight which permits the Company to not reassess (1) whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases, (2) lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) any initial direct costs for any existing leases as of the adoption date.

 

The Company has a ground lease and several corporate office leases, which are classified as operating leases, for which the Company is required to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability equal to the present value of the remaining minimum lease payments and will continue to recognize expense on a straight-line basis for these leases. On January 1, 2019, the Company recorded an aggregate of approximately $8.4 million of right-of-use assets and corresponding $8.4million of lease liabilities upon adoption of this standard.  Right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities are included in the prepaid expenses, deferred expenses and other assets and accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities line item respectively on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Additionally, the Company is no longer able to capitalize certain internal and external leasing costs. Because of this change, $1.3 million of such costs incurred in previous periods for leases which had not commenced at the beginning of current period were adjusted against opening equity upon adoption.

 

The Company also combined $11,005 of below-market lease assets pertaining to the ground lease where we are a lessee with the right of use asset recorded for the ground lease as required upon adoption of ASU 2016-02. The below-market lease asset was previously recorded within the lease intangibles on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

In March 2018, the FASB finalized changes with respect to optional transition relief and approved a practical expedient for lessors that would permit lessors to make an accounting policy election to not separate non-lease components from the associated lease components, by class of underlying asset, if the following two criteria are met: (1) the timing and pattern of transfer of the lease and non-lease components are the same and (2) the lease component would be classified as an operating lease if accounted for separately. For leases where the Company is the lessor, the Company has elected the optional transition relief and has determined that it is not required to bifurcate and separately report non-lease components, such as common area maintenance revenue, for operating leases on the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As a result, leases where the Company is the lessor have been accounted for in a similar method to earlier guidance under ASC 840. The Company’s adoption of ASC 842 did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Note 3 – Lease Intangible Assets and Liabilities

Lease intangible assets (acquired in-place leases, above-market leases and below-market ground leases) and liabilities (acquired below-market leases), net of accumulated amortization, were $101.5 million and $11.9 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2019 and $123.7 million and $12.3 million, respectively, as of December 31, 2018.  The following table summarizes the Company’s lease intangible assets and liabilities (in thousands):

 

March 31, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Lease Intangible Assets

 

Asset

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Balance

 

In-place leases, net

 

$

253,149

 

 

$

(155,404

)

 

$

97,745

 

Above-market leases, net

 

 

7,126

 

 

 

(3,419

)

 

 

3,707

 

Total

 

$

260,275

 

 

$

(158,823

)

 

$

101,452

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Lease Intangible Liabilities

 

Liability

 

 

Amortization

 

 

Balance

 

Below-market leases, net

 

$

16,652

 

 

$

(4,705

)

 

$

11,947

 

Total

 

$

16,652

 

 

$

(4,705

)

 

$

11,947

 

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December 31, 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

 

 

 

Lease Intangible Assets