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Section 1: 10-K (10-K)

Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
þ
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2018.
 
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the Transition Period From ________ to ________.
 
Commission File Number 001-35750
 
 
First Internet Bancorp
 
 
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
 
Indiana
 
20-3489991
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
 
 
 
11201 USA Parkway
 
 
Fishers, Indiana
 
46037
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(317) 532-7900
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of class
 
Name of exchange on which registered
Common stock, without par value
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
6.0% Fixed to Floating Subordinated Notes due 2026
 
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.                                                                                                                                                     Yes ¨ No þ
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.                                                                                                                             Yes ¨ No þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                  Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).          Yes þ No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.                    þ
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer þ
Non-accelerated filer ¨ 
Smaller reporting company ¨
Emerging growth company ¨
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No þ
 
The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 29, 2018, the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was approximately $329.7 million, based on the closing sale price for the registrant’s common stock on that date. For purposes of determining this number, all officers and directors of the registrant are considered to be affiliates of the registrant. This number is provided only for the purpose of this report and does not represent an admission by either the registrant or any such person as to the status of such person.
 
As of March 8, 2019, the registrant had 10,132,234 shares of common stock issued and outstanding.
 
Documents Incorporated By Reference
 
Portions of our Proxy Statement for our 2019 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference in Part III.
 




Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This annual report on Form 10-K contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These statements are not historical facts, but rather statements based on the current expectations of First Internet Bancorp and its consolidated subsidiaries (the “Company,” “we,” “our,” or “us”) regarding its business strategies, intended results and future performance. Forward-looking statements are generally preceded by terms such as “can, ”will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “seek,” “may,” “plan,” “objective,” “should,” “likely,” “might,” and similar expressions. Such statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties including: general economic conditions, whether national or regional, and conditions in the lending markets in which we participate that may have an adverse effect on the demand for our loans and other products, our credit quality and related levels of nonperforming assets and loan losses, and the value and salability of the real estate that we own or that is the collateral for our loans; failures or breaches of or interruptions in the communication and information systems on which we rely to conduct our business that could reduce our revenues, increase our costs or lead to disruptions in our business; our plans to grow our commercial real estate, commercial and industrial, public finance and healthcare finance loan portfolios, which may carry greater risks of non-payment or other unfavorable consequences; our dependence on capital distributions from First Internet Bank of Indiana (the “Bank”); results of examinations of us by our regulators, including the possibility that our regulators may, among other things, require us to increase our allowance for loan losses or to write-down assets; changing bank regulatory conditions, policies or programs, whether arising as new legislation or regulatory initiatives, that could lead to restrictions on activities of banks generally, or the Bank in particular; more restrictive regulatory capital requirements; increased costs, including deposit insurance premiums; regulation or prohibition of certain income producing activities or changes in the secondary market for loans and other products; changes in market rates and prices that may adversely impact the value of securities, loans, deposits and other financial instruments and the interest rate sensitivity of our balance sheet; our liquidity requirements being adversely affected by changes in our assets and liabilities; the effect of legislative or regulatory developments, including changes in laws concerning taxes, banking, securities, insurance and other aspects of the financial services industry; competitive factors among financial services organizations, including product and pricing pressures and our ability to attract, develop and retain qualified banking professionals; execution of future acquisition, reorganization or disposition transactions, including without limitation, the related time and costs of implementing such transactions, integrating operations as part of these transactions and possible failures to achieve expected gains, revenue growth and/or expense savings and other anticipated benefits from such transactions; changes in applicable tax laws; the growth and profitability of noninterest or fee income being less than expected; the loss of any key members of senior management; the effect of changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”), the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”) and other regulatory agencies; and the effect of fiscal and governmental policies of the United States federal government. Additional factors that may affect our results include those discussed in this report under the heading “Risk Factors” and in other reports filed with the SEC. We caution readers not to place undue reliance on any such forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date made. The factors listed above could affect our financial performance and could cause our actual results for future periods to differ materially from any opinions or statements expressed with respect to future periods in any current statements.
Except as required by law, we do not undertake, and specifically disclaim any obligation, to publicly release the result of any revisions that may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of such statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.



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First Internet Bancorp
Table of Contents
PART I
 
PAGE
Item 1.
 Business
Item 1A.
 Risk Factors
Item 1B.
 Unresolved Staff Comments
Item 2.
 Properties
Item 3.
 Legal Proceedings
Item 4.
 Mine Safety Disclosures
 
 
 
PART II
 
 
Item 5.
 Market for the Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Item 6.
 Selected Financial Data
Item 7.
 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 7A.
 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Item 8.
 Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Item 9.
 Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Item 9A.
 Controls and Procedures
Item 9B.
 Other Information
 
 
 
PART III
 
 
Item 10.
 Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Item 11.
 Executive Compensation
Item 12.
 Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Item 13.
 Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Item 14.
 Principal Accountant Fees and Services
 
 
 
PART IV
 
 
Item 15.
 Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Item 16.
 Form 10-K Summary
 
 
 
SIGNATURES


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PART I
 
Item 1.        Business
 
General
 
First Internet Bancorp is a bank holding company that conducts its primary business activities through its wholly-owned subsidiary, First Internet Bank of Indiana, an Indiana chartered bank. First Internet Bank of Indiana was the first state-chartered, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insured Internet bank and commenced banking operations in 1999. First Internet Bancorp was incorporated under the laws of the State of Indiana on September 15, 2005. On March 21, 2006, we consummated a plan of exchange by which we acquired all of the outstanding shares of the Bank.

When we refer to “First Internet Bancorp,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” in the remainder of this annual report on Form 10-K, we mean First Internet Bancorp and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context indicates otherwise. References to “First Internet Bank” or the “Bank” refer to First Internet Bank of Indiana, an Indiana chartered bank and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.

We offer a wide range of commercial, small business, consumer and municipal banking products and services. We conduct our consumer and small business deposit operations primarily through online channels on a nationwide basis and have no traditional branch offices. Our residential mortgage products are offered nationwide primarily through an online direct-to-consumer platform and are supplemented with Central Indiana-based mortgage and construction lending. Our consumer lending products are primarily originated on a nationwide basis over the Internet as well as through relationships with dealerships and financing partners.

Our commercial banking products and services are delivered through a relationship banking model and include commercial real estate (“CRE”) banking, commercial and industrial (“C&I”) banking, public finance, healthcare finance and commercial deposits and treasury management. Through our CRE team, we offer single tenant lease financing on a nationwide basis in addition to traditional investor CRE and construction loans primarily within Central Indiana and adjacent markets. To meet the needs of commercial borrowers and depositors located primarily in Central Indiana, Phoenix, Arizona and adjacent markets, our C&I banking team provides credit solutions such as lines of credit, term loans, owner-occupied CRE loans and corporate credit cards. Our public finance team, established in early 2017, provides a range of public and municipal lending and leasing products to government entities on a nationwide basis. Healthcare finance was established in the second quarter of 2017 in conjunction with our strategic partnership with Lendeavor, Inc., a San Francisco-based technology-enabled lender to healthcare practices, and provides lending for healthcare practice finance or acquisition, acquiring or refinancing owner-occupied CRE and equipment purchases. Initial efforts within healthcare finance have primarily focused on the West Coast with plans to expand nationwide. Our commercial deposits and treasury management team works with the other commercial teams to provide deposit products and treasury management services to our commercial and municipal lending customers as well as pursues commercial deposit opportunities in business segments where we have no credit relationships.

As of December 31, 2018, we had total assets of $3.5 billion, total liabilities of $3.3 billion, and shareholders’ equity of $288.7 million. We employed 201 full-time equivalent employees at December 31, 2018.
Our principal executive offices are located at 11201 USA Parkway, Fishers, Indiana 46037, and our telephone number is (317) 532-7900.
 
Subsidiaries
 
The Bank has three wholly-owned subsidiaries, First Internet Public Finance Corp., which was organized in early 2017 and provides a range of public and municipal finance lending and leasing products to governmental entities throughout the United States and acquires securities issued by state and local governments and other municipalities, JKH Realty Services, LLC, which manages other real estate owned properties as needed and SPF15 Inc., which was formed to acquire and hold real estate.

Performance
Balance Sheet Growth. Total assets have increased 264.9% from $970.5 million at December 31, 2014 to $3.5 billion at December 31, 2018. This increase was driven primarily by strong organic growth. During the same time period, loans increased from $732.4 million to $2.7 billion and deposits increased from $758.6 million to $2.7 billion, increases of 270.9% and 252.1%, respectively. Our sustained growth profile is the result of our flexible and highly scalable Internet banking platform that allows us to target a broad reach of customers across all 50 states. Additionally, key strategic commercial banking hires have enabled us

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to further expand our product offerings on both a local and national basis. At December 31, 2018, commercial loans comprised 73.3% of loans compared to 47.9% at December 31, 2014.
Earnings Growth. Net income has increased 406.5% from $4.3 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2014 to $21.9 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018. Diluted earnings per share have increased 139.6% from $0.96 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2014 to $2.30 for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018.
Asset Quality. We have maintained a high-quality loan portfolio due to our emphasis on a strong credit culture, conservative underwriting standards, disciplined risk management processes, and a diverse national and local customer base. At December 31, 2018, our nonperforming assets to total assets was 0.10%, our nonperforming loans to total loans was 0.03% and our allowance for loan losses to total loans was 0.66%.
Strategic Focus
We operate on a national basis through our scalable Internet banking platform to gather deposits and offer residential mortgage and consumer lending products rather than relying on a conventional brick and mortar branch system. We offer commercial banking, including CRE and C&I, single tenant lease financing, public finance and healthcare finance. Our overriding strategic focus is enhancing franchise and shareholder value while maintaining strong risk management policies and procedures. We believe the continued creation of franchise and shareholder value will be driven by profitable growth in commercial and consumer banking, effective underwriting, strong asset quality and efficient technology-driven operations.
National Focus on Deposit and Consumer Banking Growth. Our first product offerings were basic deposit accounts, certificates of deposit, electronic bill pay and credit cards. Within 90 days of opening, we had accounts with consumers in all 50 states. Over the years, we added consumer loans, lines of credit, home equity loans and single-family mortgages. Our footprint for deposit gathering and these consumer lending activities is the entire nation. With the use of our Internet-based technology platform, we do not face geographic boundaries that traditional banks must overcome for customer acquisition. Armed with smart phones, tablets and computers, our customers can access our online banking system, bill pay, and remote deposit capture 24 hours a day, seven days a week, on a real-time basis. In addition, we have dedicated banking specialists who can service customer needs via telephone, email or online chat. We intend to continue to expand our deposit base by leveraging technology and through targeted marketing efforts.
Commercial Banking Growth. We have diversified our operations by adding commercial banking, public finance and healthcare finance to complement our consumer platform. We offer traditional CRE loans, single tenant lease financing, C&I loans, healthcare finance loans, corporate credit cards, treasury management services and public and municipal finance loans and leases. Our commercial lending teams consist of seasoned commercial bankers, many of whom have had extensive careers with larger money center, super-regional or regional banks. These lenders leverage deep market knowledge and experience to serve commercial borrowers with a relationship-based approach. We intend to continue expanding our commercial banking platform by hiring additional seasoned loan officers and relationship managers with specialized market or product expertise.
Experience. Our management team and our Board of Directors are integral to our success. Our management team and Board of Directors are led by David B. Becker, the founder of First Internet Bank of Indiana. Mr. Becker is a seasoned business executive and entrepreneur with over three decades of management experience in the financial services and financial technology space, and has served as Chief Executive Officer since 2005. Mr. Becker has been the recipient of numerous business awards, including Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year in 2001, and was inducted into the Central Indiana Business Hall of Fame in 2008. The senior management team consists of individuals with backgrounds in both regional and community banking and financial technology services. The senior management team is overseen by a dedicated Board of Directors with a wide range of experience from careers in financial services, legal and regulatory services, and industrial services.
Increased Efficiency Through Technology. We have built a scalable banking platform based upon technology as opposed to a traditional branch network. We intend to continue leveraging this infrastructure as well as investing in and utilizing new technologies to compete more effectively as we grow in the future. Through our online account access services, augmented by our team of dedicated banking specialists, we can satisfy the needs of our retail and commercial customers in an efficient manner. We believe that our business model and digital banking processes are capable of supporting continued growth and producing a greater level of operational efficiency, which should drive increasing profitability.
Expand Asset Generation and Revenue Channels. Our geographic and credit product diversity have produced balance sheet and earnings growth. We expect to continue exploring additional asset and revenue generation capabilities that complement our commercial and consumer banking platforms. These efforts may include adding personnel or teams with product, industry or geographic expertise or through strategic acquisitions.

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Lending Activities 
We earn interest income on loans as well as fee income from the origination of loans. Lending activities include loans to individuals, which primarily consist of residential real estate loans, home equity loans and lines of credit, and consumer loans, and loans to commercial customers, which include C&I loans, CRE loans, municipal loans and leases, lines of credit, letters of credit, single tenant lease financing and loans to healthcare providers. Residential real estate loans are either retained in our loan portfolio or sold to secondary investors, with gains or losses from the sales being recognized within noninterest income. Refer to Note 4 to the Company's consolidated financial statements for further discussion of each loan portfolio segment as of December 31, 2018.

Deposit Activities and Other Sources of Funds
 
We obtain deposits through the ACH network (direct deposit as well as customer-directed transfers of funds from outside financial institutions), remote and mobile deposit capture, mailed checks, wire transfers and a deposit-taking ATM network. Additionally, we had approximately $647.1 million in brokered deposits at December 31, 2018.
 
The Bank does not own or operate any ATMs. Through network participation, the Bank’s customers are able to use nearly any ATM worldwide to withdraw cash. The Bank currently rebates up to $10.00 per customer per month for surcharges our customers incur when using an ATM owned by another institution. Management believes this program is more cost effective for the Bank, and more convenient for our customers, than it would be to build and maintain a proprietary nationwide ATM network.
 
By providing robust online capabilities, quality customer service and competitive pricing for the products and services offered, we have been able to develop relationships with our customers and build brand loyalty. As a result, we are not dependent upon costly account acquisition campaigns to attract new customers on a continual basis.
 
Competition
 
The markets in which we compete to make loans and attract deposits are highly competitive.
 
For retail banking activities, we compete with other banks that use the Internet as a primary service channel, including Ally Bank, TIAA Bank, Synchrony Bank, Goldman Sachs Bank USA and Axos Bank. However, we also compete with other banks, savings banks, credit unions, investment banks, insurance companies, securities brokerages and other financial institutions, as nearly all have some form of Internet delivery for their services. For residential mortgage lending, competitors that use the Internet as a primary service channel include Quicken Loans and loanDepot. We also compete with money center and superregional banks in residential mortgage lending, including Bank of America, Chase and Wells Fargo.
 
For our traditional commercial lending activities, we compete with larger financial institutions operating in the Midwest and Central Indiana regions, including KeyBank, PNC Bank, Chase, BMO Harris Bank, Huntington National Bank and First Financial Bank. In the Southwest, competitors include Wells Fargo, Chase, Bank of America, U.S. Bank, Mid First Bank and Arizona Business Bank. For our single tenant lease financing activities, we compete nationally with regional banks, local banks and credit unions, as well as life insurance companies and commercial mortgage-backed securities lenders. Examples of these competitors include Wells Fargo, First Savings Bank, CapStar Bank, TIAA Bank and StanCorp. For our public finance activities, we compete nationally with superregional and regional banks, such as Huntington National Bank, KeyBank, Capital One, Sterling National Bank, JP Morgan and Chase Co. and Bank of America. For our healthcare finance activities, we compete nationally with superregional and regional banks, such as TD Bank, PNC Bank, Wintrust Financial Corporation and Columbia Bank. These competitors may have significantly greater financial resources and higher lending limits than we do and may also offer specialized products and services that we do not.
 
In the United States, banking has experienced widespread consolidation over the last decade leading to the emergence of several large nationwide banking institutions. These competitors have significantly greater financial resources and offer many branch locations as well as a variety of services we do not. We have attempted to offset some of the advantages of the larger competitors by leveraging technology to deliver product solutions and better compete in targeted segments. We have positioned ourselves as an alternative to these institutions for consumers who do not wish to subsidize the cost of large branch networks through high fees and unfavorable interest rates.
 
We anticipate that consolidation will continue in the financial services industry and perhaps accelerate as a result of intensified competition for the same customer segments and significantly increased regulatory burdens and rules that are expected to increase expenses and put pressure on earnings.


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Regulation and Supervision
 
The Company and the Bank are extensively regulated under federal and state law. The Company is a registered bank holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (the “BHCA”) and, as such, is subject to regulation, supervision and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”). The Company is required to file reports with the Federal Reserve on a quarterly basis.
 
The Bank is an Indiana-chartered bank formed pursuant to the Indiana Financial Institutions Act (the “IFIA”). As such, the Bank is regularly examined by and subject to regulations promulgated by the Indiana Department of Financial Institutions (the “DFI”) and the FDIC as its primary federal bank regulator. The Bank is not a member of the Federal Reserve System.
 
The regulatory environment affecting the Company has been and continues to be altered by the enactment of new statutes and the adoption of new regulations as well as by revisions to, and evolving interpretations of, existing regulations. State and federal banking agencies have significant discretion in the conduct of their supervisory and enforcement activities and their examination policies. Any change in such practices and policies could have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations and financial condition.
 
The following discussion is intended to be a summary of the material statutes, regulations and regulatory directives that are currently applicable to us. It does not purport to be comprehensive or complete and it is expressly subject to and modified by reference to the text of the applicable statutes, regulations and directives.
 
The Dodd-Frank Act
 
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”) comprehensively reformed the regulation of financial institutions and the products and services they offer. Certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act noted in this section are also discussed in other sections.
 
The Dodd-Frank Act permanently raised deposit insurance levels to $250,000, retroactive to the beginning of 2008. Deposit insurance assessments are calculated based on an insured depository institution’s assets rather than its insured deposits, and the minimum reserve ratio of the FDIC’s Deposit Insurance Fund (the “DIF”) is 1.35%. The payment of interest on business demand deposit accounts is permitted by the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act authorized the Federal Reserve to regulate interchange fees for debit card transactions and established minimum mortgage underwriting standards for residential mortgages. Further, the Dodd-Frank Act bars certain banking organizations from engaging in proprietary trading and from sponsoring and investing in hedge funds and private equity funds, except as permitted under certain limited circumstances.
 
The Dodd-Frank Act also established the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) as an independent agency within the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The CFPB has the exclusive authority to administer, enforce, and otherwise implement federal consumer financial laws, which includes the power to make rules, issue orders, and issue guidance governing the provision of consumer financial products and services. The CFPB has exclusive federal consumer law supervisory authority and primary enforcement authority over insured depository institutions with assets totaling over $10 billion. Authority for institutions with $10 billion or less rests with the prudential regulator, and in the case of the Bank lies with the FDIC.

Holding Company Regulation
 
We are subject to supervision and examination as a bank holding company by the Federal Reserve under the BHCA. In addition, the Federal Reserve has the authority to issue orders to bank holding companies to cease and desist from unsafe or unsound banking practices and from violations of conditions imposed by, or violations of agreements with, the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve is also empowered, among other things, to assess civil money penalties against companies or individuals who violate Federal Reserve orders or regulations, to order termination of nonbanking activities of bank holding companies and to order termination of ownership and control of a nonbanking subsidiary by a bank holding company. Federal Reserve approval is also required in connection with bank holding companies’ acquisitions of more than 5% of the voting shares of any class of a depository institution or its holding company and, among other things, in connection with the bank holding company’s engaging in new activities.
 
Under the BHCA, our activities are limited to businesses so closely related to banking, managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. The BHCA also requires a bank holding company to obtain approval from the Federal Reserve before (1) acquiring or holding more than a 5% voting interest in any bank or bank holding company, (2) acquiring all or substantially all of the assets of another bank or bank holding company or (3) merging or consolidating with another bank holding company.
 

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We have not filed an election with the Federal Reserve to be treated as a “financial holding company,” a type of holding company that can engage in certain insurance and securities-related activities that are not permitted for a bank holding company.
 
Source of Strength. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, we are required to serve as a source of financial and managerial strength for the Bank in the event of the financial distress of the Bank. This provision codifies the longstanding policy of the Federal Reserve. Although the Dodd-Frank Act requires the federal banking agencies to issue regulations to implement the source of strength provisions, no regulations have been promulgated at this time. In addition, any capital loans by a bank holding company to any of its depository subsidiaries are subordinate to the payment of deposits and to certain other indebtedness. In the event of a bank holding company’s bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a depository subsidiary will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to a priority of payment.

Regulatory Capital. The Federal Reserve sets risk-based capital ratio and leverage ratio guidelines for bank holding companies. Under the guidelines and related policies, bank holding companies must maintain capital sufficient to meet both a risk-based asset ratio test and a leverage ratio test on a consolidated basis. The guidelines provide a systematic analytical framework that makes regulatory capital requirements sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banking organizations, takes off-balance sheet exposures expressly into account in evaluating capital adequacy and minimizes disincentives to holding assets considered by regulatory agencies to be liquid and low risk. The risk-based ratio is determined by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet commitments into risk-weighted categories, with higher weighting assigned to categories perceived as representing greater risk. The risk-based ratio represents total capital divided by total risk-weighted assets. The leverage ratio is Tier 1 capital divided by total average assets adjusted as specified in the guidelines. The Bank, supervised by the FDIC and DFI, is subject to substantially similar capital requirements. Our applicable capital ratios as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 are summarized in Note 13 to the financial statements.

In 2013, the Federal Reserve published final rules (the “Basel III Capital Rules”) establishing a comprehensive capital framework for U.S. bank holding companies. The FDIC adopted substantially identical standards for institutions, like the Bank, subject to its jurisdiction in an interim final rule.

Among other things, the Basel III Capital Rules (i) introduced a new capital measure called “Common Equity Tier 1” (“CET1”), (ii) specified that Tier 1 Capital consists of CET1 and “Additional Tier 1 Capital” instruments meeting specified requirements, (iii) applied most deductions/adjustments to regulatory capital measures to CET1 and not to the other components of capital, thus potentially requiring higher levels of CET1 in order to meet minimum ratios, and (iv) expanded the scope of the deductions/adjustments from capital in comparison to prior regulations.

Under Basel III Capital Rules, the minimum capital ratios are: 4.5% CET1 to risk-weighted assets, 6.0% Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets, 8.0% Total Capital (Tier 1 Capital plus Tier 2 Capital) to risk-weighted assets and 4.0% Leverage Ratio. In addition, a capital conservation buffer of 2.5% above each level applicable to the CET1, Tier 1, and Total Capital ratios will be required for banking institutions like the Company and the Bank to avoid restrictions on their ability to make capital distributions, including dividends, and pay certain discretionary bonus payments to executive officers. The capital conservation buffer was phased in with annual increases through January 1, 2019. The following are the Basel III regulatory capital levels, inclusive of the capital conservation buffer, that the Company and the Bank must satisfy to avoid limitations on capital distributions, including dividends, and discretionary bonus payments during the applicable phase-in period from January 1, 2015, until January 1, 2019:
 
Basel III Regulatory Capital Levels
 
January 1,
2015
 
January 1,
2016
 
January 1,
2017
 
January 1,
2018
 
January 1,
2019
Common equity tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets
4.50
%
 
5.125
%
 
5.75
%
 
6.375
%
 
7.00
%
Tier 1 capital to risk-weighted assets
6.00
%
 
6.625
%
 
7.25
%
 
7.875
%
 
8.50
%
Total capital to risk-weighted assets
8.00
%
 
8.625
%
 
9.25
%
 
9.875
%
 
10.50
%

The Basel III Capital Rules revised the prompt corrective action framework by (i) introducing a CET1 ratio requirement at each capital level, with a required CET1 ratio of 6.5% to remain well-capitalized, (ii) increasing the minimum Tier 1 Capital ratio requirement for each category, with the minimum Tier 1 Capital ratio for well-capitalized status being increased to 8% and (iii) transitioning to a Leverage Ratio of 4% in order to qualify as adequately capitalized and a Leverage Ratio of 5% to be well capitalized.

The Company believes that, as of December 31, 2018, the Company and the Bank would meet all capital adequacy requirements under the Basel III Capital Rules on a fully phased-in basis if such requirements were then effective.


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Regulation of Banks
 
Business Activities. The Bank derives its lending and investment powers from the IFIA, the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (the “FDIA”) and related regulations.
 
Loans-to-One Borrower Limitations. Generally, the Bank’s total loans or extensions of credit to a single borrower, including the borrower’s related entities, outstanding at one time, and not fully secured, cannot exceed 15% of the Bank’s unimpaired capital and surplus. If the loans or extensions of credit are fully secured by readily marketable collateral, the Bank may lend up to an additional 10% of its unimpaired capital and surplus.
 
Community Reinvestment Act. Under the Community Reinvestment Act (the “CRA”), as implemented by FDIC regulations, the Bank has a continuing and affirmative obligation, consistent with safe and sound banking practices, to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate-income neighborhoods. The CRA does not establish specific lending requirements or programs for financial institutions nor does it limit an institution’s discretion to develop the types of products and services that it believes are best suited to its particular community, consistent with the CRA. The CRA requires the FDIC, in connection with its examinations of the Bank, to assess the Bank’s record of meeting the credit needs of its entire community and to take that record into account in evaluating certain applications for regulatory approvals that we may file with the FDIC. 

Due to its Internet-driven model and nationwide consumer banking platform, the Bank has opted to operate under a CRA Strategic Plan, which was submitted to and approved by the FDIC and sets forth certain guidelines the Bank must meet. The current Strategic Plan expires December 31, 2020. The Bank received a “Satisfactory” CRA rating in its most recent CRA examination. Failure of an institution to receive at least a “Satisfactory” rating could inhibit such institution or its holding company from engaging in certain activities or pursuing acquisitions of other financial institutions.
 
Transactions with Affiliates. The authority of the Bank, like other FDIC-insured banks, to engage in transactions with its “affiliates” is limited by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Reserve’s Regulation W. An “affiliate” for this purpose is defined generally as any company that owns or controls the Bank or is under common ownership or control with the Bank, but excludes a company controlled by a bank. In general, transactions between the Bank and its affiliates must be on terms that are consistent with safe and sound banking practices and at least as favorable to the Bank as comparable transactions between the Bank and non-affiliates. In addition, covered transactions with affiliates are restricted individually to 10% and in the aggregate to 20% of the Bank’s capital. Collateral ranging from 100% to 130% of the loan amount depending on the quality of the collateral must be provided for an affiliate to secure a loan or other extension of credit from the Bank. The Company is an “affiliate” of the Bank for purposes of Regulation W and Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. We believe the Bank complied with these provisions during 2018.
 
Loans to Insiders. The Bank’s authority to extend credit to its directors, executive officers and principal shareholders, as well as to entities controlled by such persons (“Related Interests”), is governed by Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O of the Federal Reserve. Among other things, these provisions require that extensions of credit to insiders: (1) be made on terms that are substantially the same as, and follow credit underwriting procedures that are not less stringent than, those prevailing for comparable transactions with unaffiliated persons and that do not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features; and (2) not exceed certain limitations on the amount of credit extended to such persons, individually and in the aggregate, which limits are based, in part, on the amount of the Bank’s capital. In addition, extensions of credit in excess of certain limits must be approved in advance by the Bank’s Board of Directors. Further, provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act require that any sale or purchase of an asset by the Bank with an insider must be on market terms, and if the transaction represents more than 10% of the Bank’s capital stock and surplus, it must be approved in advance by a majority of the disinterested directors of the Bank. We believe the Bank is in compliance with these provisions.
 
Enforcement. The DFI and the FDIC share primary regulatory enforcement responsibility over the Bank and its institution-affiliated parties, including directors, officers and employees. This enforcement authority includes, among other things, the ability to appoint a conservator or receiver for the Bank, to assess civil money penalties, to issue cease and desist orders, to seek judicial enforcement of administrative orders and to remove directors and officers from office and bar them from further participation in banking. In general, these enforcement actions may be initiated in response to violations of laws, regulations and administrative orders, as well as in response to unsafe or unsound banking practices or conditions.
 

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Standards for Safety and Soundness. Pursuant to the FDIA, the federal banking agencies have adopted a set of guidelines prescribing safety and soundness standards. These guidelines establish general standards relating to internal controls and information systems, internal audit systems, loan documentation, credit underwriting, interest rate risk exposure, asset growth, asset quality, earnings standards, compensation, fees and benefits. In general, the guidelines require appropriate systems and practices to identify and manage the risks and exposures specified in the guidelines. We believe we are in compliance with the safety and soundness guidelines.
 
Dividends. The ability of the Bank to pay dividends is limited by state and federal laws and regulations that require the Bank to obtain the prior approval of the DFI before paying a dividend that, together with other dividends it has paid during a calendar year, would exceed the sum of its net income for the year to date combined with its retained net income for the previous two years. The amount of dividends the Bank could pay may also be affected or limited by other factors, such as the requirements to maintain adequate capital.
 
Capital Distributions. The FDIC may disapprove of a notice or application to make a capital distribution if:
 
the Bank would be undercapitalized following the distribution;

the proposed capital distribution raises safety and soundness concerns; or

the capital distribution would violate a prohibition contained in any statute, regulation or agreement applicable to the Bank.

Insurance of Deposit Accounts. The Bank is a member of the DIF, which is administered by the FDIC. All deposit accounts at the Bank are insured by the FDIC up to a maximum of $250,000 per depositor.
 
The FDIA, as amended by the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act and the Dodd-Frank Act, requires the FDIC to set a ratio of deposit insurance reserves to estimated insured deposits. In March 2016, the FDIC issued a final rule to increase the statutory minimum designated reserve ratio (the “DRR”) to 1.35% by September 30, 2020, the deadline imposed by the Dodd-Frank Act. The FDIC’s rules reduced assessment rates on all FDIC-insured financial institutions but imposed a surcharge on banks with assets of $10 billion or more until the DRR reaches 1.35% and provide assessment credits to banks with assets of less than $10 billion for the portion of their assessments that contribute to the increase of the DRR to 1.35%. The rules also changed the methodology used to determine risk-based assessment rates for established banks with less than $10 billion in assets to better ensure that banks taking on greater risks pay more for deposit insurance than banks that take on less risk.
 
FDIC insurance expense, including assessments relating to Financing Corporation (FICO) bonds, totaled $2.0 million for 2018.
 
Under the FDIA, the FDIC may terminate deposit insurance upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe and unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC.
 
Liquidity. The Bank is required to maintain a sufficient amount of liquid assets to ensure its safe and sound operation. To fund its operations, the Bank historically has relied upon deposits, Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis (“FHLB”) borrowings, Fed Funds lines with correspondent banks and brokered deposits. The Bank believes it has sufficient liquidity to meet its funding obligations for at least the next twelve months.
 
Federal Home Loan Bank System. The Bank is a member of the FHLB, which is one of the regional Federal Home Loan Banks comprising the Federal Home Loan Bank System. Each Federal Home Loan Bank serves as a central credit facility primarily for its member institutions. The Bank, as a member of the FHLB, is required to acquire and hold shares of FHLB capital stock. While the required percentage of stock ownership is subject to change by the FHLB, the Bank is in compliance with this requirement with an investment in FHLB stock at December 31, 2018 of $23.6 million. Any advances from the FHLB must be secured by specified types of collateral, and long-term advances may be used for the purpose of providing funds to make residential mortgage or commercial loans and to purchase investments. Long term advances may also be used to help alleviate interest rate risk for asset and liability management purposes. The Bank receives dividends on its FHLB stock.
 
Federal Reserve System. Although the Bank is not a member of the Federal Reserve System, it is subject to provisions of the Federal Reserve Act and the Federal Reserve’s regulations under which depository institutions may be required to maintain reserves against their deposit accounts and certain other liabilities. In 2008, the Federal Reserve Banks began paying interest on reserve balances. Currently, reserves must be maintained against transaction accounts (primarily NOW and regular checking

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accounts). As of December 31, 2018, the Federal Reserve’s regulations required reserves equal to 3% on transaction account balances over $16.0 million and up to and including $122.3 million, plus 10% on the excess over $122.3 million. These requirements are subject to adjustment annually by the Federal Reserve. The Bank is in compliance with the foregoing reserve requirements. The balances maintained to meet the reserve requirements imposed by the Federal Reserve may be used to satisfy liquidity requirements imposed by the FDIC.
 
Anti-Money Laundering and the Bank Secrecy Act. Under the Bank Secrecy Act (the “BSA”), a financial institution is required to have systems in place to detect and report transactions of a certain size and nature. Financial institutions are generally required to report to the U.S. Treasury any cash transactions involving more than $10,000. In addition, financial institutions are required to file suspicious activity reports for transactions that involve more than $5,000 and which the financial institution knows, suspects or has reason to suspect involves illegal funds, is designed to evade the requirements of the BSA or has no lawful purpose. The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the “USA PATRIOT Act”), which amended the BSA, is designed to deny terrorists and others the ability to obtain anonymous access to the U.S. financial system. The USA PATRIOT Act has significant implications for financial institutions and businesses of other types involved in the transfer of money. The USA PATRIOT Act, in conjunction with the implementation of various federal regulatory agency regulations, has caused financial institutions, such as the Bank, to adopt and implement additional policies or amend existing policies and procedures with respect to, among other things, anti-money laundering compliance, suspicious activity, currency transaction reporting, customer identity verification and customer risk analysis.
 
The United States has imposed economic sanctions that affect transactions with designated foreign countries, nationals and others. These sanctions, which are administered by the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”), take many different forms. Generally, however, they contain one or more of the following elements: (1) restrictions on trade with or investment in a sanctioned country, including prohibitions against direct or indirect imports from and exports to a sanctioned country and prohibitions on “U.S. persons” engaging in financial transactions relating to making investments in, or providing investment-related advice or assistance to, a sanctioned country; and (2) blocking of assets in which the government or specially designated nationals of the sanctioned country have an interest by prohibiting transfers of property subject to U.S. jurisdiction (including property in the possession or control of U.S. persons). Blocked assets (for example, property and bank deposits) cannot be paid out, withdrawn, set off or transferred in any manner without a license from OFAC.
 
Consumer Protection Laws. The Bank is subject to a number of federal and state laws designed to protect consumers and prohibit unfair or deceptive business practices. These laws include the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, Fair Housing Act, Home Ownership Protection Act, Fair Credit Reporting Act, as amended by the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act of 2003 (the “FACT Act”), the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (the “GLBA”), the Truth in Lending Act, the CRA, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the National Flood Insurance Act and various state law counterparts. These laws and regulations mandate certain disclosure requirements and regulate the manner in which financial institutions must interact with customers when taking deposits, making loans, collecting loans and providing other services. Further, the Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB, which has the responsibility for making and amending rules and regulations under the federal consumer protection laws relating to financial products and services. The CFPB also has a broad mandate to prohibit unfair or deceptive acts and practices and is specifically empowered to require certain disclosures to consumers and draft model disclosure forms. Failure to comply with consumer protection laws and regulations can subject financial institutions to enforcement actions, fines and other penalties. The FDIC enforces applicable CFPB rules with respect to the Bank.
 
Mortgage Reform. The Dodd-Frank Act prescribes certain standards that mortgage lenders must consider before making a residential mortgage loan, including verifying a borrower’s ability to repay such mortgage loan. The Dodd-Frank Act also allows borrowers to assert violations of certain provisions of the Truth-in-Lending Act as a defense to foreclosure proceedings. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, prepayment penalties are prohibited for certain mortgage transactions and creditors are prohibited from financing insurance policies in connection with a residential mortgage loan or home equity line of credit. The Dodd-Frank Act requires mortgage lenders to make additional disclosures prior to the extension of credit, in each billing statement and for negative amortization loans and hybrid adjustable rate mortgages. Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act prohibits mortgage originators from receiving compensation based on the terms of residential mortgage loans and generally limits the ability of a mortgage originator to be compensated by others if compensation is received from a consumer.
 
Customer Information Security. The federal banking agencies have adopted final guidelines for establishing standards for safeguarding nonpublic personal information about customers. These guidelines implement provisions of the GLBA. Specifically, the Information Security Guidelines established by the GLBA require each financial institution, under the supervision and ongoing oversight of its board of directors or an appropriate committee thereof, to develop, implement and maintain a comprehensive written information security program designed to ensure the security and confidentiality of customer information (as defined under the GLBA), to protect against anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of such information and to protect against unauthorized access to or use of such information that could result in substantial harm or inconvenience to any

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customer. The federal banking regulators have issued guidance for banks on response programs for unauthorized access to customer information. This guidance, among other things, requires notice to be sent to customers whose “sensitive information” has been compromised if unauthorized use of this information is “reasonably possible.”
 
Identity Theft Red Flags. Rules implementing Section 114 of the FACT Act require each financial institution or creditor to develop and implement a written Identity Theft Prevention Program to detect, prevent and mitigate identity theft in connection with the opening of certain accounts or certain existing accounts. In addition, the federal banking agencies issued guidelines to assist financial institutions and creditors in the formulation and maintenance of an Identity Theft Prevention Program that satisfies the requirements of the rules. Rules implementing Section 114 also require credit and debit card issuers to assess the validity of notifications of changes of address under certain circumstances. Additionally, the federal banking agencies issued joint rules under Section 315 of the FACT Act that provide guidance regarding reasonable policies and procedures that a user of consumer reports must employ when a consumer reporting agency sends the user a notice of address discrepancy.
 
Privacy. The GLBA requires financial institutions to implement policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of nonpublic personal information about consumers to nonaffiliated third parties. In general, the statute requires financial institutions to explain to consumers their policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of such nonpublic personal information and, except as otherwise required or permitted by law, financial institutions are prohibited from disclosing such information except as provided in their policies and procedures. The Bank is required to provide notice to its customers on an annual basis disclosing its policies and procedures on the sharing of nonpublic personal information.

Cybersecurity. In March 2015, federal regulators issued two related statements regarding cybersecurity. One statement indicates that financial institutions should design multiple layers of security controls to establish lines of defense and ensure that their risk management processes also address the risk posed by compromised customer credentials, including security measures to reliably authenticate customers accessing Internet-based services of the financial institution. The other statement indicates that a financial institution’s management is expected to maintain sufficient business continuity planning processes to ensure the rapid recovery, resumption, and maintenance of the institution’s operations after a cyber-attack involving destructive malware. A financial institution is also expected to develop appropriate processes to enable recovery of data and business operations and address rebuilding network capabilities and restoring data if the institution or its critical service providers fall victim to this type of cyber-attack. If we fail to observe the regulatory guidance, we could be subject to various regulatory sanctions, including financial penalties.

In support of our Internet banking platform, we rely heavily on electronic communications and information systems to conduct our operations and store sensitive data. We employ an in-depth approach that leverages people, processes, and technology to manage and maintain cybersecurity controls. In addition, we employ a variety of preventative and detective tools to monitor, block, and provide alerts regarding suspicious activity, as well as to report on any suspected advanced persistent threats. Notwithstanding the strength of our defensive measures, the threat from cyber-attacks is severe, attacks are sophisticated and increasing in volume, and attackers respond rapidly to changes in defensive measures.

We continually strive to enhance our cyber and information security in order to be resilient against emerging threats and improve our ability to detect and respond to attempts to gain unauthorized access to our data and systems. We regularly conduct cybersecurity risk assessments, regularly engage with the Board of Directors or appropriate committees on cybersecurity matters, routinely update our incident response plans based on emerging threats, periodically practice implementation of incident response plans across applicable departments and train officers and employees to detect and report suspicious activity. Although to date we have not experienced any material losses relating to cyber-attacks or other information security breaches, our systems and those of our customers and third-party service providers are under constant threat, and it is possible that we could experience a significant event in the future due to the rapidly evolving nature and sophistication of these threats, as well as due to the expanding use of Internet and mobile banking and other technology-based products and services, by us and our consumers.

Employees
 
At December 31, 2018, we had 201 full-time equivalent employees.

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Available Information
 
Our Internet address is www.firstinternetbancorp.com. We post important information for investors on our website and use this website as a means for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. Accordingly, investors should monitor our website, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings, public conference calls, presentations and webcasts. Investors can easily find or navigate to pertinent information about us, free of charge, on our website, including:
 
our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with or furnish it to the SEC;

announcements of investor conferences and events at which our executives talk about our products and competitive strategies. Archives of some of these events are also available;

press releases on quarterly earnings, product announcements, legal developments and other material news that we may post from time to time;

corporate governance information, including our Corporate Governance Principles, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, information concerning our Board of Directors and its committees, including the charters of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, and other governance-related policies;

shareholder services information, including ways to contact our transfer agent; and

opportunities to sign up for email alerts and RSS feeds to have information provided in real time.

The information available on our website is not incorporated by reference in, or a part of, this or any other report we file with or furnish to the SEC.

Item 1A.    Risk Factors    
 
Risk factors which could cause actual results to differ from our expectations and which could negatively impact our financial condition and results of operations are discussed below and elsewhere in this report. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that are currently not believed to be significant to our business may also affect our actual results and could harm our business, financial condition and results of operations. If any of the risks or uncertainties described below or any additional risks and uncertainties actually occur, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially and adversely affected.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS
A failure of, or interruption in, the communications and information systems on which we rely to conduct our business could adversely affect our revenues and profitability.
We rely heavily upon communications and information systems to conduct our business. Although we have built a level of redundancy into our information technology infrastructure and update our business continuity plan annually, any failure or interruption of our information systems, or the third-party information systems on which we rely, as a result of inadequate or failed processes or systems, human errors or external events, could adversely affect our Internet-based operations and slow the processing of applications, loan servicing, and deposit-related transactions. In addition, our communication and information systems may present security risks and could be susceptible to hacking or other unauthorized access. The occurrence of any of these events could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our commercial loan portfolio exposes us to higher credit risks than residential real estate and consumer loans, including risks relating to the success of the underlying business and conditions in the market or the economy and concentrations in our commercial loan portfolio.
We have grown our CRE, C&I and healthcare finance loan portfolios. At December 31, 2018, CRE loans amounted to $1,052.7 million, or 38.7% of total loans, C&I loans amounted to $114.4 million, or 4.2% of total loans, and healthcare finance amounted to $117.0 million, or 4.4% of total loans. These loans generally involve higher credit risks than residential real estate

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and consumer loans and are dependent upon our lenders maintaining close relationships with the borrowers. Payments on these loans are often dependent upon the successful operation and management of the underlying business or assets, and repayment of such loans may be influenced to a great extent by conditions in the market or the economy. Commercial loans typically involve larger loan balances than residential real estate or consumer loans and could lead to concentration risks within our commercial loan portfolio. In addition, our C&I and healthcare finance loans have primarily been extended to small to medium sized businesses that generally have fewer financial resources in terms of capital or borrowing capacity than larger entities. Our failure to manage this commercial loan growth and the related risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
In addition, with respect to CRE, federal and state banking regulators are examining CRE lending activity with heightened scrutiny and may require banks with higher levels of CRE loans to implement more stringent underwriting, internal controls, risk management policies and portfolio stress testing, as well as possibly higher levels of allowances for losses and capital levels as a result of CRE lending growth and exposures. Because a significant portion of our loan portfolio is comprised of CRE loans, our banking regulators may require us to maintain higher levels of capital than we would otherwise be expected to maintain, which could limit our ability to leverage our capital and have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and prospects.
Weakness in the economy may materially adversely affect our business and results of operations.
Our results of operations are materially affected by conditions in the economy. Dramatic declines in the housing market following the 2008 financial crisis, with falling home prices and increasing foreclosures and unemployment, resulted in significant write-downs of asset values by financial institutions. While conditions have improved, another economic downturn could result in financial stress on our borrowers that would adversely affect consumer confidence, a reduction in general business activity and increased market volatility. The resulting economic pressure on consumers and businesses and the lack of confidence in the financial markets could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and stock price. Our ability to properly assess the creditworthiness of our customers and to estimate the losses inherent in our credit exposure would be made more complex by these difficult market and economic conditions. Accordingly, if market conditions worsen, we may experience increases in foreclosures, delinquencies, write-offs and customer bankruptcies, as well as more restricted access to funds.
The market value of some of our investments could decline and adversely affect our financial position.
As of December 31, 2018, we had a net unrealized pre-tax holding loss of approximately $18.5 million on our $481.3 million available-for-sale investment securities portfolio. In assessing the impairment of investment securities, we consider the length of time and extent to which the fair value has been less than cost, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the issuers, whether the market decline was affected by macroeconomic conditions and whether we have the intent to sell the security or will be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery. We also use economic models to assist in the valuation of some of our investment securities. If our investment securities experience a decline in value, we would need to determine whether the decline represented an other-than-temporary impairment, in which case we would be required to record a write-down of the investment and a corresponding charge to our earnings.
Uncertainty about the future of London Inter-bank Offered Rate (LIBOR) may adversely affect our business.
On July 27, 2017, the Chief Executive of the United Kingdom Financial Conduct Authority (the “Authority”), which regulates LIBOR, announced that the Authority intends to stop persuading or compelling banks to submit rates for the calculation of LIBOR to the administrator of LIBOR after 2021. It is unclear whether and to what extent banks will continue to provide LIBOR submissions to the administrator of LIBOR, and no consensus exists at this time as to what benchmark rate or rates may become accepted alternatives to LIBOR. In the United States, efforts to identify a set of alternative U.S. dollar reference interest rates include proposals by the Alternative Reference Rates Committee of the Federal Reserve and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Additionally, the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, Inc. launched a consultation on technical issues related to new benchmark fallbacks for derivatives contracts that reference certain interbank offered rates, including LIBOR, seeking industry input thereon.  At this time, it is not possible to predict the effect of the Authority’s announcement or other regulatory changes or announcements, any establishment of alternative reference rates, or any other reforms to LIBOR that may be enacted in the United Kingdom, the United States, or elsewhere. The uncertainty regarding the future of LIBOR as well as the transition from LIBOR to another benchmark rate or rates could have adverse impacts on floating-rate obligations, loans, deposits, derivatives, and other financial instruments that currently use LIBOR as a benchmark rate and, ultimately, adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.


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The implementation of CECL, including the design and maintenance of related internal controls over financial reporting, will require a significant amount of time and resources which may have a material impact on our results of operations.
A new accounting standard adopted by FASB, referred to as Current Expected Credit Loss, or (“CECL”), will require financial institutions, like the Bank, to determine periodic estimates of lifetime expected credit losses on loans, and recognize the expected credit loses as allowances for loan and lease losses beginning with our fiscal year ending December 31, 2020. Current GAAP requires an incurred loss methodology for recognizing credit losses that delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. CECL will represent a significant change in methodology and may greatly increase the types of data we will need to collect and review to determine the appropriate level of the allowance for loan and lease losses. We are in the process of evaluating the impact of the adoption of this guidance on our financial statements. However, we anticipate that the allowance for loan and lease losses will increase upon the adoption of CECL and that the increased allowance level will decrease shareholders' equity and the Company's and Bank's regulatory capital ratios.
A significant amount of time and resources may be needed to implement CECL effectively, including the design and implementation of adequate internal controls, which may adversely affect our results of operations. If we are unable to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting relating to CECL, or otherwise, our ability to report our financial condition and results of operations accurately and on a timely basis could also be adversely affected.
Because our business is highly dependent on technology that is subject to rapid change and transformation, we are subject to risks of obsolescence.
The Bank conducts its deposit gathering activities and a significant portion of its residential mortgage lending activities through the Internet. The financial services industry is undergoing rapid technological change, and we face constant evolution of customer demand for technology-driven financial and banking products and services. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvement and product development, marketing and implementation. Any failure to successfully keep pace with and fund technological innovation in the markets in which we compete could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may need additional capital resources in the future, and these capital resources may not be available when needed or at all, without which our financial condition, results of operations and prospects could be materially impaired.
If we continue to experience significant growth, we may need to raise additional capital. Our ability to raise capital, if needed, will depend upon our financial performance and conditions in the capital markets, as well as economic conditions generally. Accordingly, such financing may not be available to us on acceptable terms or at all. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The competitive nature of the banking and financial services industry could negatively affect our ability to increase our market share and retain long-term profitability.
Competition in the banking and financial services industry is strong. We compete with commercial banks, savings institutions, mortgage brokerage firms, credit unions, finance companies, financial technology companies, mutual funds, insurance companies and securities brokerage and investment banking firms operating locally and nationwide. Some of our competitors have greater name recognition and market presence than we do and offer certain services that we do not or cannot provide. In addition, larger competitors may be able to price loans and deposits more aggressively than we do, which could affect our ability to increase our market share and remain profitable on a long-term basis. Our success will depend on the ability of the Bank to compete successfully on a long-term basis within the financial services industry.
We rely on our management team and could be adversely affected by the unexpected loss of key officers.
Our future success and profitability is substantially dependent upon our management and the abilities of our senior executives. We believe that our future results will also depend in part upon our ability to attract and retain highly skilled and qualified management. Competition for senior personnel is intense, and we may not be successful in attracting and retaining such personnel. Changes in key personnel and their responsibilities may be disruptive to our business and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In particular, the loss of our chief executive officer could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Fluctuations in interest rates could reduce our profitability and affect the value of our assets.
Like other financial institutions, we are subject to interest rate risk. Our primary source of income is net interest income, which is the difference between interest earned on loans and investments and interest paid on deposits and borrowings. We expect that we will periodically experience imbalances in the interest rate sensitivities of our assets and liabilities and the relationships of various interest rates to each other. Over any defined period of time, our interest-earning assets may be more sensitive to changes in market interest rates than our interest-bearing liabilities, or vice-versa. In addition, the individual market interest rates underlying our loan and deposit products may not change to the same degree over a given time period. In any event, if market interest rates should move contrary to our position, earnings may be negatively affected. In addition, loan volume and quality and deposit volume and mix can be affected by market interest rates, as can the businesses of our clients. Changes in levels of market interest rates could have a material adverse effect on our net interest spread, asset quality, loan origination volume, deposit gathering efforts and overall profitability.
Market interest rates are beyond our control, and they fluctuate in response to economic conditions and the policies of various governmental and regulatory agencies, in particular, the Federal Reserve. Changes in monetary policy, including changes in interest rates, may negatively affect our ability to originate loans and leases, the value of our assets and our ability to realize gains from the sale of our assets, all of which ultimately could affect our earnings.
An inadequate allowance for loan losses would reduce our earnings and adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
Our success depends to a significant extent upon the quality of our assets, particularly the credit quality of our loans. In originating loans, there is a substantial likelihood that credit losses will be experienced. We maintain an allowance for loan losses, which is a reserve established through a provision for loan losses charged to expense, that represents management’s best estimate of probable losses inherent in our loan portfolio. The level of the allowance reflects management’s continuing evaluation of industry concentrations; specific credit risks; loan loss experience; current loan portfolio quality; present economic, political and regulatory conditions; and unidentified losses inherent in the current loan portfolio. The determination of the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and judgment and requires us to make significant estimates of current credit risks and future trends, all of which may undergo material changes. Changes in such estimates may have a significant impact on our financial statements. The allowance our management has established for loan losses may not be adequate to absorb losses in our loan portfolio. Continuing deterioration of economic conditions affecting borrowers, new information regarding existing loans, identification of additional problem loans and other factors, both within and outside our control, may require an increase in the allowance for loan losses.
Bank regulatory agencies periodically review our allowance for loan losses and may require us to increase our provision for loan losses or recognize further loan charge-offs, based on judgments different than those of our management. To the extent required charge-offs in future periods exceed the allowance for loan losses, we may need additional provisions to increase the allowance. Any increases in the allowance for loan losses will result in a decrease in net income, which would negatively impact capital, and may have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition and prospects.
Consumer loans in our portfolio generally have greater risk of loss or default than residential real estate loans and may make it necessary to increase our provision for loan losses.
At December 31, 2018, our consumer loans, excluding residential mortgage loans and home equity loans, totaled $279.8 million, representing approximately 10.3% of our total loan portfolio at such date. A substantial portion of our consumer loans are horse trailer and recreational vehicle loans acquired through our indirect dealer network. Consumer loans generally have a greater risk of loss or default than do residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of loans that are secured by rapidly depreciating assets such as horse trailers and recreational vehicles. In such cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and thus are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount which can be recovered on such loans. It may become necessary to increase our provision for loan losses in the event that our losses on these loans increase, which would reduce our earnings and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

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Portions of our commercial lending activities are geographically concentrated in Central Indiana and adjacent markets, and changes in local economic conditions may impact their performance.
We offer our residential mortgage and consumer lending as well as public finance, healthcare finance and single tenant financing products and services throughout the United States. However, we serve CRE and C&I borrowers primarily in Central Indiana and adjacent markets. Accordingly, the performance of our CRE and C&I lending depends upon demographic and economic conditions in those regions. The profitability of our CRE and C&I loan portfolio may be impacted by changes in those conditions. Additionally, unfavorable local economic conditions could reduce or limit the growth rate of our CRE and C&I loan portfolios for a significant period of time, or otherwise decrease the ability of those borrowers to repay their loans, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Because of our holding company structure, we depend on capital distributions from the Bank to fund our operations.
We are a separate and distinct legal entity from the Bank and have no business activities other than our ownership of the Bank. As a result, we primarily depend on dividends, distributions and other payments from the Bank to fund our obligations. The ability of the Bank to pay dividends to us is limited by state and federal law and depends generally on the Bank’s ability to generate net income. If we are unable to comply with applicable provisions of these statutes and regulations, the Bank may not be able to pay dividends to us, we would not be able to pay dividends on our outstanding common stock and our ability to service our debt would be materially impaired.
Lack of seasoning of our commercial loan portfolios may increase the risk of credit defaults in the future.
Due to our increasing emphasis on CRE, public finance and healthcare finance lending, a substantial amount of the loans in our commercial loan portfolios and our lending relationships are of relatively recent origin. In general, loans do not begin to show signs of credit deterioration or default until they have been outstanding for some period of time, a process referred to as “seasoning.” A portfolio of older loans will usually behave more predictably than a newer portfolio. As a result, because a large portion of our commercial loan portfolio is relatively new, the current level of delinquencies and defaults may not be representative of the level that will prevail when the portfolio becomes more seasoned, which may be higher than current levels. If delinquencies and defaults increase, we may be required to increase our provision for loan losses, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A sustained decline in the residential mortgage loan market could reduce loan origination activity or increase delinquencies, defaults and foreclosures, which could adversely affect our financial results.
Historically, our mortgage loan business has provided a significant portion of our revenue and our ability to maintain or grow that revenue is dependent upon our ability to originate loans and sell them in the secondary market. Revenue from mortgage banking activities was $5.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 and $7.8 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. Mortgage loan originations are sensitive to changes in economic conditions, including decreased economic activity, a slowdown in the housing market, and higher market interest rates, and has historically been cyclical, enjoying periods of strong growth and profitability followed by periods of lower volumes and market-wide losses. During periods of rising interest rates, refinancing originations for many mortgage products tend to decrease as the economic incentives for borrowers to refinance their existing mortgage loans are reduced. In addition, the mortgage loan origination business is affected by changes in real property values. A reduction in real property values could also negatively affect our ability to originate mortgage loans because the value of the real properties underlying the loans is a primary source of repayment in the event of foreclosure. The national market for residential mortgage loan refinancing has declined in recent years and future declines could adversely impact our business. Any sustained period of increased delinquencies, foreclosures or losses could harm our ability to originate and sell mortgage loans, and the price received on the sale of such loans, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Reputational risk and social factors may negatively affect us.
Our ability to attract and retain customers is highly dependent upon other external perceptions of our business practices and financial condition. Adverse perceptions could damage our reputation to a level that could lead to difficulties in generating and maintaining lending and deposit relationships and accessing equity or credit markets, as well as increased regulatory scrutiny of our business. Adverse developments or perceptions regarding the business practices or financial condition of our competitors, or our industry as a whole, may also indirectly adversely affect our reputation.
In addition, adverse reputational developments with respect to third parties with whom we have important relationships may negatively affect our reputation. All of the above factors may result in greater regulatory and/or legislative scrutiny, which

14



may lead to laws or regulations that may change or constrain the manner in which we engage with our customers and the products we offer and may also increase our litigation risk. If these risks were to materialize, they could negatively affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
A failure in or breach of our operational or security systems or infrastructure, or those of our third-party vendors and other service providers, including as a result of cyber-attacks, could disrupt our business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage our reputation, increase our costs and cause losses.
We depend upon our ability to process, record and monitor our client transactions on a continuous basis. As customer, public and regulatory expectations regarding operational and information security have increased, our operational systems and infrastructure must continue to be safeguarded and monitored for potential failures, disruptions and breakdowns. Our business, financial, accounting and data processing systems, or other operating systems and facilities, may stop operating properly or become disabled or damaged as a result of a number of factors, including events that are wholly or partially beyond our control. For example, there could be electrical or telecommunications outages; natural disasters such as earthquakes, tornadoes and hurricanes; disease pandemics; events arising from local or larger-scale political or social matters, including terrorist acts; and, as described below, cyber-attacks. Although we have business continuity plans and other safeguards in place, our business operations may be adversely affected by significant and widespread disruption to our physical infrastructure or operating systems that support our business. 
Information security risks for financial institutions such as ours have generally increased in recent years in part because of the proliferation of new technologies, the use of the Internet and digital technologies to conduct financial transactions, and the increased sophistication and activities of organized crime, hackers, terrorists, activists and other external parties. As noted above, our operations rely on the secure processing, transmission and storage of confidential information in our computer systems and networks. Our business relies on our digital technologies, computer and email systems, software and networks to conduct its operations. In addition, to access our products and services, our customers may use personal smartphones, tablets, personal computers and other mobile devices that are beyond our control systems. Although we have information security procedures and controls in place, our technologies, systems, networks and our customers’ devices may become the target of cyber-attacks or information security breaches that could result in the unauthorized release, gathering, monitoring, misuse, loss or destruction of our or our customers’ confidential, proprietary and other information, or otherwise disrupt our or our customers’ or other third parties’ business operations. 
Third parties with whom we do business or that facilitate our business activities, including financial intermediaries or vendors that provide services or security solutions for our operations, could also be sources of operational and information security risk to us, including from breakdowns or failures of their own systems or capacity constraints. Although to date we have not experienced any material losses relating to cyber-attacks or other information security breaches, there can be no assurance that we will not suffer such losses in the future. Our risk and exposure to these matters remains heightened because of the evolving nature of these threats. As a result, cybersecurity and the continued development and enhancement of our controls, processes and practices designed to protect our systems, computers, software, data and networks from attack, damage or unauthorized access remain a focus for us. As threats continue to evolve, we may be required to expend additional resources to continue to modify or enhance our protective measures or to investigate and remediate information security vulnerabilities. 
Disruptions or failures in the physical infrastructure or operating systems that support our business and clients, or cyber-attacks or security breaches of the networks, systems or devices that our clients use to access our products and services, could result in client attrition, regulatory fines, penalties or intervention, reputational damage, claims or litigation, reimbursement or other compensation costs and/or additional compliance costs, any of which could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.

15



RISKS RELATING TO THE REGULATION OF OUR INDUSTRY
We operate in a highly regulated environment, which could restrain our growth and profitability.
We are subject to extensive laws and regulations that govern almost all aspects of our operations. These laws and regulations, and the supervisory framework that oversees the administration of these laws and regulations, are primarily intended to protect depositors, the DIF and the banking system as a whole, and not shareholders. These laws and regulations, among other matters, affect our lending practices, capital structure, investment practices, dividend policy, operations and growth. Compliance with the myriad laws and regulations applicable to our organization can be difficult and costly. In addition, these laws, regulations and policies are subject to continual review by governmental authorities, and changes to these laws, regulations and policies, including changes in interpretation or implementation of these laws, regulations and policies, could affect us in substantial and unpredictable ways and often impose additional compliance costs. Further, any new laws, rules and regulations could make compliance more difficult or expensive. All of these laws and regulations, and the supervisory framework applicable to our industry, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Federal and state regulators periodically examine our business and we may be required to remediate adverse examination findings.
The Federal Reserve, the FDIC and the DFI periodically examine our business, including our compliance with laws and regulations. If, as a result of an examination, a federal or state banking agency were to determine that our financial condition, capital resources, asset quality, earnings prospects, management, liquidity or other aspects of any of our operations had become unsatisfactory, or that we were in violation of any law or regulation, it may take a number of different remedial actions as it deems appropriate. These actions include the power to enjoin “unsafe or unsound” practices, to require affirmative action to correct any conditions resulting from any violation or practice, to issue an administrative order that can be judicially enforced, to direct an increase in our capital, to restrict our growth, to assess civil monetary penalties against our officers or directors, to remove officers and directors and, if it is concluded that such conditions cannot be corrected or there is an imminent risk of loss to depositors, to terminate our deposit insurance and place us into receivership or conservatorship. Any regulatory action against us could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our FDIC deposit insurance premiums and assessments may increase, which would reduce our profitability.
The deposits of the Bank are insured by the FDIC up to legal limits and, accordingly, subject to the payment of FDIC deposit insurance assessments. The Bank’s regular assessments are determined by its risk classification, which is based on a number of factors, including regulatory capital levels, asset growth and asset quality. High levels of bank failures during and following the financial crisis and increases in the statutory deposit insurance limits have increased resolution costs to the FDIC and put significant pressure on the DIF. In order to maintain a strong funding position and restore the reserve ratios of the DIF, the FDIC may increase deposit insurance assessment rates and may charge a special assessment to all FDIC-insured financial institutions. Further increases in assessment rates or special assessments may occur in the future, especially if there are significant additional financial institution failures. Any future special assessments, increases in assessment rates or required prepayments in FDIC insurance premiums could reduce our profitability or limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
The long-term impact of regulatory capital rules is uncertain and a significant increase in our capital requirements could have an adverse effect on our business and profitability.
In 2013, the FDIC and the Federal Reserve substantially amended the regulatory risk-based capital rules applicable to the Company and the Bank by implementing the “Basel III” regulatory capital reforms and changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. The final rule included new minimum risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which became effective for the Company and the Bank in 2015, and refined the definition of what constitutes “capital” for purposes of calculating these ratios. The initial resulting minimum capital requirements were: (i) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 to risk-based assets capital ratio of 6%; (iii) a total capital ratio of 8%; and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4%. The final rule also established a “capital conservation buffer” of 2.5%, and, effective January 2019, set the following minimum ratios: (i) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%; (ii) a Tier 1 to risk-based assets capital ratio of 8.5%; and (iii) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. The capital conservation buffer requirement began being phased-in in January 2016 at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets and increased by an additional 0.625% each year until fully implemented at 2.5% in January 2019. An institution will be subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that can be used for such actions.

16



The application of more stringent capital requirements for both the Company and the Bank could, among other things, result in lower returns on equity, require the raising of additional capital, and result in regulatory actions constraining us from paying dividends or repurchasing shares if we were to be unable to comply with such requirements, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business and profitability.
We are subject to numerous laws designed to protect consumers, including the CRA and fair lending laws, and failure to comply with these laws could lead to a wide variety of sanctions.
The CRA, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Fair Housing Act and other fair lending laws and regulations impose nondiscriminatory lending requirements on financial institutions. The Department of Justice and other federal agencies are responsible for enforcing these laws and regulations. A successful regulatory challenge to an institution’s performance under the CRA or fair lending laws and regulations could result in a wide variety of sanctions, including damages and civil money penalties, injunctive relief, restrictions on mergers and acquisitions activity, restrictions on expansion and restrictions on entering new business lines. Private parties may also have the ability to challenge an institution’s performance under fair lending laws in private class action litigation. Such actions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are subject to evolving and expensive regulations and requirements. Our failure to adhere to these requirements or the failure or circumvention of our controls and procedures could seriously harm our business. 
We are subject to extensive regulation as a financial institution and are also required to follow the corporate governance and financial reporting practices and policies required of a company whose stock is registered under the Exchange Act and listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market. Compliance with these requirements means we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses that we did not incur before 2013 and are not reflected in our historical financial statements prior to that time. Compliance also requires a significant diversion of management time and attention, particularly with regard to disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting. Although we have reviewed, and will continue to review, our disclosure controls and procedures in order to determine whether they are effective, our controls and procedures may not be able to prevent errors or frauds in the future. Faulty judgments, simple errors or mistakes, or the failure of our personnel to adhere to established controls and procedures may make it difficult for us to ensure that the objectives of the control system will be met. A failure of our controls and procedures to detect other than inconsequential errors or fraud could seriously harm our business and results of operations.
We face a risk of noncompliance with and enforcement action under the BSA and other anti-money laundering statutes and regulations.
The BSA, the USA PATRIOT Act and other laws and regulations require financial institutions, among other duties, to institute and maintain an effective anti-money laundering program and file suspicious activity and currency transaction reports as appropriate. The federal Financial Crimes Enforcement Network is authorized to impose significant civil money penalties for violations of those requirements and has engaged in coordinated enforcement efforts with the individual federal banking regulators, as well as the U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration and Internal Revenue Service. We are also subject to increased scrutiny of compliance with the rules enforced by the OFAC. If our policies, procedures and systems are deemed deficient, we would be subject to liability, including fines and regulatory actions, which may include restrictions on our ability to pay dividends and the necessity to obtain regulatory approvals to proceed with certain aspects of our business plan, including our acquisition plans. Failure to maintain and implement adequate programs to combat money laundering and terrorist financing could also have serious reputational consequences for us. Any of these results could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
RISKS RELATED TO OUR SECURITIES 
There is a limited trading market for our common stock and you may not be able to resell your shares.
Our common stock began trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market on February 22, 2013. We have since completed several offerings of our common stock and our securities have been listed on the Nasdaq Global Select Market since September 30, 2016. However, trading remains relatively limited. Although we expect that a more liquid market for our common stock will develop, we cannot guarantee that you would be able to resell shares of our common stock at an attractive price or at all.
The market price of our common stock can be volatile and may decline.
Securities that are not heavily traded can be more volatile than stock trading in an active market. Stock price volatility may make it more difficult for you to resell your common stock when you want and at prices you find attractive. Our stock price can fluctuate significantly and may decline in response to a variety of factors including:

17



Actual or anticipated variations in quarterly results of operations;
Developments in our business or the financial sector generally;
Recommendations by securities analysts;
Operating and stock price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to us;
News reports relating to trends, concerns and other issues in the financial services industry;
Perceptions in the marketplace regarding us or our competitors;
New technology used or services offered by competitors;
Significant acquisitions or business combinations, strategic partnerships, joint venture or capital commitments by or involving us or our competitors;
Failure to integrate acquisitions or realize anticipated benefits from acquisitions;
Regulatory changes affecting our industry generally or our business or operations; or
Geopolitical conditions such as acts or threats of terrorism or military conflicts.
General market fluctuations, industry factors and general economic and political conditions and events, such as economic slowdowns or recessions, interest rate changes or credit loss trends, could also cause our stock price to decrease regardless of operating results.
Federal banking laws limit the acquisition and ownership of our common stock.
Because we are a bank holding company, any purchaser of certain specified amounts of our common stock may be required to file a notice with or obtain the approval of the Federal Reserve under the BHCA, as amended, and the Change in Bank Control Act of 1978, as amended. Specifically, under regulations adopted by the Federal Reserve, (1) any other bank holding company may be required to obtain the approval of the Federal Reserve before acquiring 5% or more of our common stock and (2) any person may be required to file a notice with and not be disapproved by the Federal Reserve to acquire 10% or more of our common stock and will be required to file a notice with and not be disapproved by the Federal Reserve to acquire 25% or more of our common stock.
Anti-takeover provisions could negatively impact our shareholders.
Provisions of Indiana law and provisions of our articles of incorporation could make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us or have the effect of discouraging a third party from attempting to acquire control of us. We are subject to certain anti-takeover provisions under the Indiana Business Corporation Law. Additionally, our articles of incorporation authorize our Board of Directors to issue one or more classes or series of preferred stock without shareholder approval and such preferred stock could be issued as a defensive measure in response to a takeover proposal.
Although these provisions do not preclude a takeover, they may have the effect of discouraging, delaying or deferring a tender offer or takeover attempt that a shareholder might consider in his or her best interest, including those attempts that might result in a premium over the market price of our common stock. Such provisions will also render the removal of the Board of Directors and of management more difficult and, therefore, may serve to perpetuate current management. These provisions could potentially adversely affect the market price of our common stock.
Our securities are not an insured deposit and as such are subject to loss of entire investment.
Neither shares of our common stock nor indebtedness of our Company are bank deposits and neither is insured or guaranteed by the FDIC or any other government agency. An investment in our securities is subject to investment risk and an investor must be capable of affording the loss of the entire investment.
If we were to issue preferred stock or debt securities or undertake other debt financing, the rights of holders of our common stock and the value of such common stock could be adversely affected.
Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue classes or series of preferred stock and senior or subordinated debt securities or other debt financing, without any action on the part of our shareholders. The Board of Directors also has the power, without shareholder approval, to set the terms of any such classes or series of preferred stock, including voting rights, dividend rights and preferences over our common stock with respect to dividends or upon the liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of our business and other terms. Debt securities or other debt financing may be unsecured or secured by any or all of our assets. If we issue preferred or debt securities, or incur other indebtedness, that has a preference over our common stock with respect to the payment of dividends or upon liquidation, dissolution or winding-up, or if we issue preferred stock with voting rights that dilute the voting power of our common stock, the rights of holders of our common stock or the value of our common stock would be adversely affected.

18



We may issue additional shares of common or preferred stock in the future, which could dilute existing shareholders.
Our articles of incorporation authorize our Board of Directors, generally without shareholder approval, to, among other things, issue additional shares of common stock up to a total of forty-five million shares or up to five million shares of preferred stock. The issuance of any additional shares of common or preferred stock could be dilutive to a shareholder’s ownership of our common stock. To the extent that currently outstanding options to purchase our common stock are exercised, or to the extent that we issue additional options or warrants to purchase our common stock in the future and the options or warrants are exercised, our shareholders may experience further dilution. In addition, we may issue preferred stock that is convertible into shares of our common stock, and upon conversion would result in our common shareholders’ ownership interest being diluted. Holders of shares of our common stock have no preemptive rights that entitle holders to purchase their pro rata share of any offering of shares of any class or series and, therefore, shareholders may not be permitted to invest in future issuances of common or preferred stock. We and the Bank are required by federal and state regulatory authorities, as applicable, to maintain adequate levels of capital to support our operations. Accordingly, regulatory requirements and/or deterioration in our asset quality may require us to sell common stock to raise capital under circumstances and at prices which result in substantial dilution.
If we default on our outstanding indebtedness, we will be prohibited from paying dividends or distributions on our common stock.
As of December 31, 2018, we had $35.0 million aggregate principal amount of indebtedness outstanding, consisting of a term loan in the principal amount of $10.0 million scheduled to mature in 2025 (the “2025 Note”) and $25.0 million aggregate principal amount of 6.0% Fixed-to-Floating Rate Subordinate Notes due 2026 (the “2026 Notes”). The agreements under which our indebtedness is issued prohibit us from paying any dividends on our common stock or making any other distributions to our shareholders at any time when there shall have occurred and be continuing an event of default under the applicable agreement.
Events of default generally consist of, among other things, our failure to pay any principal or interest on the subordinated debenture or subordinated notes, as applicable, when due, our failure to comply with certain agreements, terms and covenants under the agreement (without curing such default following notice), and certain events of bankruptcy, insolvency or liquidation relating to us.
If an event of default were to occur and we did not cure it, we would be prohibited from paying any dividends or making any other distributions to our shareholders or from redeeming or repurchasing any shares of our common stock, which would likely have a material adverse effect on the market value of our common stock. Moreover, without notice to or consent from the holders of our common stock, we may enter into additional financing arrangements that may limit our ability to purchase or to pay dividends or distributions on our common stock.
 We may not be able to generate sufficient cash to service all of our debt.        

Our ability to make scheduled payments of principal and interest, or to satisfy our obligations in respect of our debt or to refinance our debt, will depend on the future performance of our operating subsidiaries. Prevailing economic conditions (including interest rates), regulatory constraints, including, among other things, limiting distributions to us from the Bank and required capital levels with respect to the Bank and certain of our nonbank subsidiaries, and financial, business and other factors, many of which are beyond our control, will also affect our ability to meet these needs. Our subsidiaries may not be able to generate sufficient cash flows from operations, or we may be unable to obtain future borrowings in an amount sufficient to enable us to pay our debt, or to fund our other liquidity needs. We may need to refinance all or a portion of our debt on or before maturity. We may not be able to refinance any of our debt when needed on commercially reasonable terms or at all.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments
 
None.

Item 2.        Properties
 
The Company owns an office building at 11201 USA Parkway, Fishers, Indiana 46037 with approximately 52,000 square feet of office space and related real estate located in Fishers, Indiana. This building houses our principal executive offices of the Company and the Bank.

The Bank is currently leasing all of the office space at the Fishers property. The lease is currently scheduled to expire on May 31, 2021 and provides for monthly rent in the amount of $18.50 per square foot.


19



In March 2013, the Company borrowed $4.0 million from the Bank for the purchase of the Company’s principal executive offices. The loan was originally scheduled to mature in March 2014 and had been extended annually through March 2016. In February 2017, the Company entered into an amendment that, among other things, reduced the principal amount of the loan to $3.6 million, following a $0.4 million principal repayment, and extended its maturity to March 6, 2020. Amounts borrowed under the loan bear interest at a variable rate equal to the then applicable prime rate (as determined by the Bank with reference to the “Prime Rate” published in The Wall Street Journal) plus 1.00% per annum, and the loan requires a $0.3 million payment to principal per annum. The loan agreement contains customary warranties and representations, affirmative covenants and events of default. The loan is secured by a first priority mortgage and lien on the property and requires that the Company, at all times, maintain collateral securing the loan with an “as is” market value of not less than 1.3 times the principal balance of the loan. 
Item 3.        Legal Proceedings
 
Neither we nor any of our subsidiaries are party to any material legal proceedings. From time to time, the Bank is a party to legal actions arising from its normal business activities. 

Item 4.        Mine Safety Disclosures
 
None.

20



PART II
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Market Information
 
The Company’s common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “INBK.”
 
As of March 8, 2019, the Company had 10,132,234 shares of common stock issued and outstanding, and there were 120 holders of record of common stock.

Dividends
 
The Company began paying regular quarterly cash dividends in 2013. Total dividends declared in 2018 were $0.24 per share. The Company expects to continue to pay cash dividends on a quarterly basis; however, the declaration and amount of any future cash dividends will be subject to the sole discretion of the Board of Directors and will depend upon many factors, including our results of operations, financial condition, capital requirements, regulatory and contractual restrictions (including with respect to the Company’s outstanding subordinated debt), business strategy and other factors deemed relevant by the Board of Directors.

As of December 31, 2018, the Company had $35.0 million principal amount of subordinated debt. The agreements under which the subordinated debt was issued prohibit the Company from paying any dividends on its common stock or making any other distributions to shareholders at any time when there shall have occurred and be continuing an event of default under the applicable agreement. Although we are currently not in default, if an event of default were to occur and the Company did not cure it, the Company would be prohibited from paying any dividends or making any other distributions to shareholders or from redeeming or repurchasing any common stock.

Because the Company is a holding company and does not engage directly in business activities of a material nature, its ability to pay dividends to shareholders depends, in large part, upon the receipt of distributions from the Bank, which is also subject to numerous limitations on the payment of dividends under federal and state banking laws, regulations and policies. The present and future ability of the Bank to distribute funds to the Company are subject to the discretion of the Board of the Directors of the Bank and the Bank is not obligated to pay any distributions to the Company.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
On December 18, 2018 the Company's Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program authorizing the repurchase of up to $10.0 million of its outstanding common stock from time to time on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. The stock repurchase program is scheduled to expire on December 31, 2019. Under this program, the Company has repurchased 61,183 shares of common stock through March 8, 2019, at an average price of $21.00, for a total investment of $1.3 million. The following table presents information with respect to purchases of the Company's common stock made during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2018 by or on behalf of the Company or any “affiliated purchaser,” as defined in Rule 10b-18(a)(3).
  
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
Average Price Paid Per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased As Part Of Publicly Announced Programs
 
Approximate Dollar Value Of Shares That May Yet Be Purchased Under The Programs
October 1, 2018 - October 31, 2018

 
$

 

 
$

November 1, 2018 - November 30, 2018

 

 

 

December 1, 2018 - December 31, 2018
10,897

 
19.83

 
10,897

 
9,784

Total
10,897

 
 
 
10,897

 
 
 

21



Stock Performance Graph

The following graph compares the five-year cumulative total return to shareholders of First Internet Bancorp common stock with that of the Nasdaq Composite Index and the SNL Small Cap U.S. Bank Index. The SNL Small Cap U.S. Bank Index is comprised of publicly traded banking institutions with market capitalizations of between $250 million and $1 billion. First Internet Bancorp is included in the SNL Small Cap U.S. Bank Index.

The following table assumes $100 invested on December 31, 2013 in First Internet Bancorp, the Nasdaq Composite Index and the SNL Small Cap U.S. Bank Index, and assumes that dividends are reinvested.

397121197_chart-17b43b7d72f857fc858.jpg
 
December 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
First Internet Bancorp
$
100.00

 
$
75.36

 
$
130.42

 
$
146.86

 
$
176.41

 
$
95.31

Nasdaq Composite Index
100.00

 
114.75

 
122.74

 
133.62

 
173.22

 
168.30

SNL Small Cap U.S. Bank Index
100.00

 
105.40

 
115.43

 
163.66

 
171.65

 
153.83





22



Item 6.        Selected Financial Data
 
Five Year Selected Financial and Other Data

The following selected consolidated financial and other data is qualified in its entirety by, and should be read in conjunction with, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto contained in this annual report on Form 10-K. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period financial information as discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements.
(dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
At or for the Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Balance Sheet Data:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Total assets
 
$
3,541,692

 
$
2,767,687

 
$
1,854,335

 
$
1,269,870

 
$
970,503

Cash and cash equivalents
 
188,712

 
47,981

 
39,452

 
25,152

 
28,289

Loans
 
2,716,228

 
2,091,193

 
1,250,789

 
953,859

 
732,426

Loans held-for-sale
 
18,328

 
51,407

 
27,101

 
36,518

 
34,671

Total securities
 
504,095

 
492,484

 
473,371

 
213,698

 
137,518

Deposits
 
2,671,351

 
2,084,941

 
1,462,867

 
956,054

 
758,598

Tangible common equity 1
 
284,048

 
219,440

 
149,255

 
99,643

 
92,098

Total shareholders’ equity
 
288,735

 
224,127

 
153,942

 
104,330

 
96,785

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income Statement Data:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest income
 
$
115,467

 
$
84,697

 
$
58,899

 
$
41,447

 
$
31,215

Interest expense
 
53,200

 
30,715

 
19,210

 
10,694

 
8,928

    Net interest income
 
62,267

 
53,982

 
39,689

 
30,753

 
22,287

Provision for loan losses
 
3,892

 
4,872

 
4,330

 
1,946

 
349

    Net interest income after provision for loan losses
 
58,375

 
49,110

 
35,359

 
28,807

 
21,938

Noninterest income
 
8,760

 
10,541

 
14,077

 
10,141

 
7,174

Noninterest expense
 
43,183

 
36,723

 
31,451

 
25,283

 
22,662

Income before income taxes
 
23,952

 
22,928

 
17,985

 
13,665

 
6,450

Income tax provision
 
2,052

 
7,702

 
5,911

 
4,736

 
2,126

Net income
 
$
21,900

 
$
15,226

 
$
12,074

 
$
8,929

 
$
4,324

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per Share Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Basic
 
$
2.31

 
$
2.14

 
$
2.32

 
$
1.97

 
$
0.96

    Diluted
 
$
2.30

 
$
2.13

 
$
2.30

 
$
1.96

 
$
0.96

Book value per common share
 
$
28.39

 
$
26.65

 
$
23.76

 
$
23.28

 
$
21.80

Tangible book value per common share 1
 
$
27.93

 
$
26.09

 
$
23.04

 
$
22.24

 
$
20.74

Weighted average common shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Basic
 
9,490,506

 
7,118,628

 
5,211,209

 
4,528,528

 
4,497,007

    Diluted
 
9,508,653

 
7,149,302

 
5,239,082

 
4,554,219

 
4,507,995

Common shares outstanding at end of period
 
10,170,778

 
8,411,077

 
6,478,050

 
4,481,347

 
4,439,575

Dividends declared per share
 
$
0.24

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.24

Dividend payout ratio 2
 
10.43
%
 
11.27
%
 
10.43
%
 
12.24
%
 
25.00
%
___________________________________

1 
Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
2 
Dividends per share divided by diluted earnings per share.

23




 
 
At or for the Twelve Months Ended December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Performance Ratios:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Return on average assets
 
0.72
%
 
0.66
%
 
0.74
%
 
0.81
 %
 
0.50
%
Return on average shareholders equity
 
8.44
%
 
8.54
%
 
9.74
%
 
8.89
 %
 
4.61
%
Return on average tangible common equity 1
 
8.60
%
 
8.77
%
 
10.12
%
 
9.33
 %
 
4.85
%
Net interest margin 2
 
2.09
%
 
2.39
%
 
2.49
%
 
2.85
 %
 
2.65
%
Net interest margin FTE 1, 3
 
2.25
%
 
2.57
%
 
2.53
%
 
2.87
 %
 
2.65
%
Noninterest expense to average assets
 
1.41
%
 
1.59
%
 
1.93
%
 
2.28
 %
 
2.60
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset Quality Ratios:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Nonperforming loans to total loans
 
0.03
%
 
0.04
%
 
0.09
%
 
0.02
 %
 
0.04
%
Nonperforming assets to total assets
 
0.10
%
 
0.21
%
 
0.31
%
 
0.37
 %
 
0.50
%
Nonperforming assets (including performing troubled debt restructurings) to total assets
 
0.11
%
 
0.23
%
 
0.35
%
 
0.46
 %
 
0.62
%
Allowance for loan losses to total loans
 
0.66
%
 
0.72
%
 
0.88
%
 
0.88
 %
 
0.79
%
Net charge-offs (recoveries) to average loans outstanding during period
 
0.04
%
 
0.05
%
 
0.15
%
 
(0.07
)%
 
0.00
%
Allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans
 
2,013.1
%
 
1,784.3
%
 
1,013.9
%
 
5,000.6
 %
 
1,959.5
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital Ratios:
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Total shareholders' equity to assets
 
8.15
%
 
8.10
%
 
8.30
%
 
8.22
 %
 
9.97
%
Tangible common equity to tangible assets 1
 
8.03
%
 
7.94
%
 
8.07
%
 
7.88
 %
 
9.54
%
Tier 1 leverage ratio 4
 
9.00
%
 
8.45
%
 
8.65
%
 
8.28
 %
 
9.87
%
Common equity tier 1 capital ratio 4, 5
 
12.39
%
 
11.43
%
 
11.54
%
 
10.11
 %
 
N/A

Tier 1 capital ratio 4
 
12.39
%
 
11.43
%
 
11.54
%
 
10.11
 %
 
12.55
%
Total risk-based capital ratio 4
 
14.53
%
 
14.07
%
 
15.01
%
 
12.25
 %
 
13.75
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Full-time equivalent employees
 
201

 
206

 
192

 
152

 
143

Number of banking and loan production offices
 
2

 
2

 
2

 
3

 
4

___________________________________

1 
Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
2 
Net interest margin is net interest income divided by average earning assets.
3 
On an FTE basis assuming a 21% tax rate in 2018 and a 35% tax rate in 2017, 2016, 2015 and 2014. Net interest income is adjusted to reflect income from assets such as municipal loans and securities that are exempt from Federal income taxes. This is to recognize the income tax savings that facilitates a comparison between taxable and tax-exempt assets. The Company believes that it is a standard practice in the banking industry to present net interest margin and net interest income on a fully-taxable equivalent basis as these measures provide useful information to make peer comparisons.
4 
Capital ratios are calculated in accordance with regulatory guidelines specified by our primary federal banking regulatory authority.
5 
Introduced as part of the final implementation of the “Basel III” regulatory capital reforms as of January 1, 2015. Not applicable to periods prior to 2015.



24



Item 7.        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report. This discussion and analysis includes certain forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. You should review the “Risk Factors” section of this report for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results described in or implied by such forward-looking statements. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” at the beginning of this report.
 
Overview
 
We offer a wide range of commercial, small business, consumer and municipal banking products and services. We conduct our consumer and small business deposit operations primarily through online channels on a nationwide basis and have no traditional branch offices. Our residential mortgage products are offered nationwide primarily through an online direct-to-consumer platform and are supplemented with Central Indiana-based mortgage and construction lending. Our consumer lending products are primarily originated on a nationwide basis over the Internet as well as through relationships with dealerships and financing partners.

Our commercial banking products and services are delivered through a relationship banking model and include commercial real estate (“CRE”) banking, commercial and industrial (“C&I”) banking, public finance, healthcare finance and commercial deposits and treasury management. Through our CRE team, we offer single tenant lease financing on a nationwide basis in addition to traditional investor CRE and construction loans primarily within Central Indiana and adjacent markets. To meet the needs of commercial borrowers and depositors located primarily in Central Indiana, Phoenix, Arizona and adjacent markets, our C&I banking team provides credit solutions such as lines of credit, term loans, owner-occupied CRE loans and corporate credit cards. Our public finance team, established in early 2017, provides a range of public and municipal lending and leasing products to government entities on a nationwide basis. Healthcare finance was established in the second quarter of 2017 in conjunction with our strategic partnership with Lendeavor, Inc., a San Francisco-based technology-enabled lender to healthcare practices, and provides lending for healthcare practice finance or acquisition, acquiring or refinancing owner-occupied CRE and equipment purchases. Initial efforts within healthcare finance have primarily focused on the West Coast with plans to expand nationwide. Our commercial deposits and treasury management team works with the other commercial teams to provide deposit products and treasury management services to our commercial and municipal lending customers as well as pursues commercial deposit opportunities in business segments where we have no credit relationships.

Results of Operations

Refer to Item 6 of this report for a summary of the Company's financial performance for the five most recent years.

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018, net income was $21.9 million, or $2.30 per diluted share, compared to net income of $15.2 million, or $2.13 per diluted share, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 and net income of $12.1 million, or $2.30 per diluted share, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016.

The $6.7 million increase in net income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 was due primarily to an $8.3 million increase in net interest income, a $5.7 million decrease in income tax expense and a $1.0 million decrease in provision for loan losses, but was partially offset by a $6.5 million increase in noninterest expense and a $1.8 million decrease in noninterest income.

The increase in net income of $3.2 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2016 was due primarily to a $14.3 million increase in net interest income, but was partially offset by a $3.5 million decrease in noninterest income, a $5.3 million increase in noninterest expense, a $0.5 million increase in provision for loan losses and a $1.8 million increase in income tax expense.

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018, return on average assets was 0.72%, compared to 0.66% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 and 0.74% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018, return on average shareholders’ equity was 8.44%, compared to 8.54% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 and 9.74% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016.

In 2018, the Company recorded a $2.4 million write-down of a commercial other real estate owned property that consists of two buildings. The revaluation of the other real estate owned was driven by deteriorating conditions in the market where the property is located and the commencement of a marketing strategy to move the property off the Company's balance sheet. As a

25



result, this write-down decreased 2018 net income by $1.9 million and diluted earnings per share by $0.20. Adjusted for the write-down, 2018 net income was $23.8 million and diluted earnings per share was $2.50. The write-down also decreased return on average assets by 6 basis points (“bps”) and return on average shareholders' equity by 74 bps. Adjusted for the write-down, 2018 return on average assets was 0.78% and return on average shareholders' equity was 9.18%. Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

In 2017, as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“Tax Act”), the Company’s net deferred tax asset (“net DTA”) was revalued as of December 31, 2017. The value of the net DTA was reduced by $1.8 million with the amount of the reduction recognized as additional income tax expense in 2017.  Consequently, this revaluation decreased 2017 diluted earnings per share by $0.26.  Adjusted for the net DTA revaluation, 2017 net income was $17.1 million and diluted earnings per share were $2.39.  The revaluation also decreased return on average assets by 8 bps and return on average shareholders' equity by 104 bps. Adjusted for the net DTA revaluation, 2017 return on average assets was 0.74% and return on average shareholders' equity was 9.58%. Refer to the “Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.



26



Consolidated Average Balance Sheets and Net Interest Income Analyses
 
For the periods presented, the following tables provide the average balances of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and the related yields and cost of funds. The tables do not reflect any effect of income taxes. Balances are based on the average of daily balances. Nonaccrual loans are included in average loan balances.
 
 
Twelve Months Ended
 
 
December 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
(dollars in thousands)
 
Average Balance
 
Interest/Dividends
 
Yield/Cost
 
Average Balance
 
Interest/Dividends
 
Yield/Cost
 
Average Balance
 
Interest/Dividends
 
Yield/Cost
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-earning assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loans, including loans held-for-sale
 
$
2,382,504

 
$
99,082

 
4.16
%
 
$
1,682,249

 
$
70,465

 
4.19
%
 
$
1,144,687

 
$
49,054

 
4.29
%
Securities - taxable
 
391,958

 
10,630

 
2.71
%
 
400,449

 
10,036

 
2.51
%
 
315,661

 
7,326

 
2.32
%
Securities - non-taxable
 
94,072

 
2,810

 
2.99
%
 
95,694

 
2,786

 
2.91
%
 
64,899

 
1,856

 
2.86
%
Other earning assets
 
116,074

 
2,945

 
2.54
%
 
79,461

 
1,410

 
1.77
%
 
71,140

 
663

 
0.93
%
Total interest-earning assets
 
2,984,608

 
115,467

 
3.87
%
 
2,257,853

 
84,697

 
3.75
%
 
1,596,387

 
58,899

 
3.69
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Allowance for loan losses
 
(16,097
)
 
 
 
 
 
(12,964
)
 
 
 
 
 
(9,808
)
 
 
 
 
Noninterest earning-assets
 
86,713

 
 
 
 
 
68,580

 
 
 
 
 
43,221

 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
3,055,224

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,313,469

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,629,800

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest-bearing demand deposits
 
$
90,229

 
$
583

 
0.65
%
 
$
89,081

 
$
488

 
0.55
%
 
$
82,533

 
$
452

 
0.55
%
Regular savings accounts
 
51,333

 
585

 
1.14
%
 
39,393

 
342

 
0.87
%
 
27,174

 
158

 
0.58
%
Money market accounts
 
544,802

 
8,803

 
1.62
%
 
415,910

 
4,227

 
1.02
%
 
360,976

 
2,563

 
0.71
%
Certificates and brokered deposits
 
1,585,673

 
32,513

 
2.05
%
 
1,169,219

 
18,918

 
1.62
%
 
817,348

 
12,680

 
1.55
%
Total interest-bearing deposits
 
2,272,037

 
42,484

 
1.87
%
 
1,713,603

 
23,975

 
1.40
%
 
1,288,031

 
15,853

 
1.23
%
Other borrowed funds
 
468,411

 
10,716

 
2.29
%
 
376,470

 
6,740

 
1.79
%
 
183,410

 
3,357

 
1.83
%
Total interest-bearing liabilities
 
2,740,448

 
53,200

 
1.94
%
 
2,090,073

 
30,715

 
1.47
%
 
1,471,441

 
19,210

 
1.31
%
Noninterest-bearing deposits
 
45,562

 
 
 
 
 
35,043

 
 
 
 
 
28,472

 
 
 
 
Other noninterest-bearing liabilities
 
9,798

 
 
 
 
 
10,141

 
 
 
 
 
5,864

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
 
2,795,808

 
 
 
 
 
2,135,257

 
 
 
 
 
1,505,777

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity
 
259,416

 
 
 
 
 
178,212

 
 
 
 
 
124,023

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
 
$
3,055,224

 
 
 
 
 
$
2,313,469

 
 
 
 
 
$
1,629,800

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
 
 
 
$
62,267

 
 
 
 
 
$
53,982

 
 
 
 
 
$
39,689

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest rate spread1
 
 
 
 
 
1.93
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.28
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.38
%
Net interest margin2
 
 
 
 
 
2.09
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.39
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.49
%
Net interest margin - FTE3
 
 
 
 
 
2.25
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.57
%
 
 
 
 
 
2.53
%
1 Yield on total interest-earning assets minus cost of total interest-bearing liabilities
2 Net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets
3 On a fully-taxable equivalent ("FTE") basis assuming a 21% tax rate in 2018 and a 35% tax rate in 2017 and 2016. Refer to the "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations



27



Rate/Volume Analysis 

The following table illustrates the impact of changes in the volume of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities and interest rates on net interest income for the periods indicated. The change in interest not due solely to volume or rate has been allocated in proportion to the absolute dollar amounts of the change in each. 
 
 
Rate/Volume Analysis of Net Interest Income
 
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2018 vs. December 31, 2017 Due to Changes in
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2017 vs. December 31, 2016 Due to Changes in
(amounts in thousands)
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
Net
 
Volume
 
Rate
 
Net
Interest income
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Loans, including loans held-for-sale
 
$
29,126

 
$
(509
)
 
$
28,617

 
$
22,580

 
$
(1,169
)
 
$
21,411

Securities – taxable
 
(212
)
 
806

 
594

 
2,077

 
633

 
2,710

Securities – non-taxable
 
(49
)
 
73

 
24

 
897

 
33

 
930

Other earning assets
 
789

 
746

 
1,535

 
85

 
662

 
747

Total
 
29,654

 
1,116

 
30,770

 
25,639

 
159

 
25,798

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Interest-bearing deposits
 
9,117

 
9,392

 
18,509

 
5,726

 
2,396

 
8,122

Other borrowed funds
 
1,855

 
2,121

 
3,976

 
3,458

 
(75
)
 
3,383

Total
 
10,972

 
11,513

 
22,485

 
9,184

 
2,321

 
11,505

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in net interest income
 
$
18,682

 
$
(10,397
)
 
$
8,285

 
$
16,455

 
$
(2,162
)
 
$
14,293

 

2018 v. 2017

Net interest income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 was $62.3 million, an increase of $8.3 million, or 15.3%, compared to $54.0 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The increase in net interest income was the result of a $30.8 million, or 36.3%, increase in total interest income to $115.5 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to $84.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The increase in total interest income was partially offset by a $22.5 million, or 73.2%, increase in total interest expense to $53.2 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to $30.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017.

The increase in total interest income was due primarily to an increase in interest earned on loans resulting from an increase of $700.3 million, or 41.6%, in the average balance of loans, including loans held-for-sale, for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2017, as well as an increase of $36.6 million in the average balance of other earning assets and a 77 basis point ("bp") increase in the yield earned on other earning assets. The increase in total interest income was also due to a 19 bp increase in the yield earned on the securities portfolio, partially offset by a $10.1 million, or 2.0%, decrease in the average balance of securities and a decline in the yield earned on loans, including loans held-for-sale, of 3 bps.

The increase in total interest expense was driven primarily by an increase in interest expense related to interest-bearing deposits as a result of a $558.4 million, or 32.6%, increase in the average balance of interest-bearing deposits for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2017, and an increase of 47 bps in the cost of funds related to these deposits. Interest expense related to other borrowed funds also contributed to the increase in total interest expense, due to a $91.9 million, or 24.4%, increase in the average balance of other borrowed funds for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 and an increase of 50 bps in the cost of other borrowed funds.


28



Net interest margin was 2.09% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 compared to 2.39% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in net interest margin was primarily due to a 47 bp increase in the cost of interest-bearing liabilities, partially offset by a 12 bp increase in the yield on total interest-earning assets.  The increase in the cost of total interest-bearing liabilities was due primarily to an increase in average certificates and brokered deposits and money market balances and an increase in the related costs of those deposits.  The increase in the cost of these deposits was due primarily to the rise of short-term market interest rates throughout 2018. The increase in the yield on interest-earning assets was due primarily to increases in the yields earned on securities and other earning assets, partially offset by a decrease in the yield earned on loans. The decrease in the yield earned on loans was due primarily to continued strong growth in the public finance portfolio, which typically has lower tax-exempt interest rates, partially offset by higher yields in other commercial loan categories and residential mortgage loans resulting form higher market interest rates.

2017 v. 2016

Net interest income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 was $54.0 million, an increase of $14.3 million, or 36.0%, compared to $39.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The increase in net interest income was the result of a $25.8 million, or 43.8%, increase in total interest income to $84.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to $58.9 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The increase in total interest income was partially offset by an $11.5 million, or 59.9%, increase in total interest expense to $30.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to $19.2 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016.

The increase in total interest income was due primarily to an increase in interest earned on loans resulting from an increase of $537.6 million, or 47.0%, in the average balance of loans, including loans held-for-sale, as well as an increase in interest earned on securities resulting from an increase of $115.6 million, or 30.4%, in the average balance of securities for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The increase in total interest income was also due to a 17 bp increase in the yield earned on the securities portfolio, partially offset by a decline of 10 bps in the yield earned on loans, including loans held-for-sale.

The increase in total interest expense was driven primarily by an increase in interest expense related to interest-bearing deposits as a result of a $425.6 million, or 33.0%, increase in the average balance of interest-bearing deposits for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, and an increase of 17 bps in the cost of funds related to these deposits. Interest expense related to other borrowed funds also contributed to the increase in total interest expense, due to a $193.1 million, or 105.3%, increase in the average balance of other borrowed funds for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2016, partially offset by a decline of 4 bps in the cost of other borrowed funds.

Net interest margin was 2.39% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 compared to 2.49% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The decrease in net interest margin was primarily due to a 16 bp increase in the cost of interest-bearing liabilities, partially offset by a 6 bp increase in the yield on total interest-earning assets. The increase in the cost of total interest-bearing liabilities was primarily due to an increase in average certificates of deposits, money market balances and other borrowed funds and an increase in the related costs of those deposits. The increase in the yield on interest-earning assets was due primarily to increases in the yields earned on securities and other earning assets, partially offset by a decrease in the yield earned on loans. The decrease in the yield earned on loans was due primarily to strong growth in the public finance portfolio which typically has lower tax-exempt interest rates.

Noninterest Income

The following table presents noninterest income for the five most recent years.
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Service charges and fees
$
934

 
$
888

 
$
818

 
$
764

 
$
707

Mortgage banking activities
5,718

 
7,836

 
12,398

 
9,000

 
5,609

Gain on sale of loans
503

 
395

 

 

 

Other
1,605

 
1,422

 
861

 
377

 
858

Total noninterest income
$
8,760

 
$
10,541

 
$
14,077

 
$
10,141

 
$
7,174



29



2018 v. 2017

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018, noninterest income totaled $8.8 million, representing a decrease of $1.8 million, or 16.9%, compared to $10.5 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in noninterest income was primarily driven by a decrease of $2.1 million, or 27.0%, in mortgage banking activities, partially offset by gains on sale of loans and other noninterest income. The decrease in revenue from mortgage banking activities was due primarily to decreases in mortgage held-for-sale ("HFS") origination and sales volumes, due to a decline in mortgage refinance activity, and a decrease in gain on sale margin.

2017 v. 2016

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2017, noninterest income totaled $10.5 million, representing a decrease of $3.5 million, or 25.1%, compared to $14.1 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The decrease in noninterest income was primarily driven by a decrease of $4.6 million, or 36.8%, in mortgage banking activities, partially offset by gains on sale of loans and other noninterest income. The decrease in revenue from mortgage banking activities was due primarily to decreases in mortgage held-for-sale HFS origination and sales volumes. During 2017, portfolio mortgage originations increased relative to the comparable period in 2016 while mortgage HFS volume declined, contributing to the decline in revenue from mortgage banking activities. The increase in gain on sale of loans was due to the sale of $24.7 million of single tenant lease financing loans, which was the first sale of this loan type in the Company's history. The increase in other noninterest income was due primarily to a $0.4 million increase in income from bank-owned life insurance and a $0.4 million increase in income from subleasing the Company's former corporate office.

Noninterest Expense

The following table presents noninterest expense for the five most recent years.
 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Salaries and employee benefits
$
23,174

 
$
21,164

 
$
17,387

 
$
14,271

 
$
12,348

Marketing, advertising and promotion
2,468

 
2,393

 
1,823

 
1,756

 
1,455

Consulting and professional services
3,055

 
3,091

 
3,143

 
2,374

 
1,902

Data processing
1,233

 
971

 
1,127

 
1,016

 
995

Loan expenses
942

 
1,027

 
891

 
631

 
626

Premises and equipment
4,996

 
4,183

 
3,699

 
2,768

 
2,937

Deposit insurance premium
1,956

 
1,410

 
1,159

 
643

 
591

Write-down of other real estate owned
2,423

 

 

 

 

Other
2,936

 
2,484

 
2,222

 
1,824

 
1,808

Total noninterest expense
$
43,183

 
$
36,723

 
$
31,451

 
$
25,283

 
$
22,662


2018 v. 2017

Noninterest expense for the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 was $43.2 million, compared to $36.7 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The increase of $6.5 million, or 17.6%, compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 was primarily due to a $2.4 million write-down of other real estate owned, a $2.0 million increase in salaries and employee benefits, a $0.8 million increase in premises and equipment expenses and a $0.5 million increase in deposit insurance premium expenses. The write-down of other real estate owned was due to the revaluation of one commercial property, consisting of two buildings, driven by deteriorating conditions in the market where the properties are located and the commencement of a marketing strategy to move the property off the Company's balance sheet. The increase in salaries and benefits was primarily due to changes in employee mix.  Although the number of full-time employees decreased from 2017, recent hires in the Company’s commercial lending verticals and support areas were generally in higher skill positions and led to an increase in employee salary and equity compensation expense.  Additionally, the Company experienced an increase in benefits expense, primarily related to higher medical, prescription drug and dental insurance claims.  These increases were partially offset by a decrease in bonus expense primarily related to a reduction in senior management incentive compensation due to 2018 financial performance being below the targets established under the Company’s Annual Bonus Plan for 2018. The increase in premises and equipment was primarily due to technology-related expenses and the increase in deposit insurance premium was due primarily to the Company's year-over-year asset growth, which impacts the formula used by the FDIC to calculate deposit insurance.
 

30



2017 v. 2016

Noninterest expense for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 was $36.7 million, compared to $31.5 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2016. The increase of $5.3 million, or 16.8%, compared to the twelve months ended December 31, 2016 was primarily due to increases of $3.8 million in salaries and employee benefits, $0.6 million in marketing, advertising and promotion expenses, $0.5 million in premises and equipment expenses, $0.5 million in other and $0.3 million in deposit insurance premium expenses. The increase in salaries and employee benefits was driven primarily by merit compensation increases; personnel growth; higher claims experience related to medical, prescription drug and dental insurance; and equity compensation expense. The increase in marketing, advertising and promotion expenses was driven primarily by digital marketing initiatives and higher mortgage lead generation costs. The increase in premises and equipment was due primarily to technology-related expenses. The increase in other was due primarily to repairs and maintenance expenses related to commercial OREO and the increase in deposit insurance premium was due primarily to the Company's year-over-year asset growth, which impacts the formula used by the FDIC to calculate deposit insurance.

Income Taxes

The following table reconciles reported income tax expense to that computed at the statutory federal tax rate for the five most recent years.

 
Twelve Months Ended December 31,
(amounts in thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Statutory rate times pre-tax income
$
5,030

 
$
8,025

 
$
6,115

 
$
4,646

 
$
2,193

Add (subtract) the tax effect of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from tax-exempt securities and loans
(3,833
)
 
(2,512
)
 
(635
)
 
(132
)
 
(31
)
State income taxes, net of federal tax effect
1,164

 
693

 
567

 
154

 
63

Bank-owned life insurance
(200
)
 
(318
)
 
(159
)
 
(137
)
 
(132
)
Net deferred tax asset revaluation

 
1,846

 

 

 

Tax credits
(180
)
 

 

 

 

Other differences
71

 
(32
)
 
23

 
205

 
33

  Income tax expense
$
2,052

 
$
7,702

 
$
5,911

 
$
4,736

 
$
2,126


2018 v. 2017

The Company recognized income tax expense of $2.1 million in 2018, resulting in an effective tax rate of 8.6%, compared to $7.7 million and an effective tax rate of 33.6% in 2017. The Company's federal statutory tax rate was 21% in 2018 and 35% in 2017. In 2018, the variance from the federal statutory rate was due primarily to tax-exempt income, partially offset by state income taxes. Interest income on certain loans issued by or securities made to governmental, municipal and not-for-profit entities, and earnings from bank-owned life insurance were the primary components of tax-exempt income. In 2017, the variance from the federal statutory rate was due primarily to tax-exempt income, partially offset by state income taxes and the net deferred tax asset revaluation as a result of the Tax Act as discussed further in the paragraph below. Excluding the impact of the net deferred tax asset revaluation, income tax expense in 2017 was $5.9 million and the effective tax rate was 25.5%. Refer to the "Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures" section of Item 7 of Part II of this report, Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

On December 22, 2017, the Tax Act was signed into law, significantly reforming the Internal Revenue Code. The Tax Act, among other things, reduced the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21%. The reduction of the corporate tax rate resulted in a $1.8 million reduction to our net deferred tax asset in 2017.


31



2017 v. 2016

The Company recognized income tax expense of $7.7 million in 2017, resulting in an effective tax rate of 33.6%, compared to $5.9 million and an effective tax rate of 32.6% in 2016. The federal statutory tax rate was 35% in 2017 and 34% in 2016. In 2017, the variance from the federal statutory rate was due primarily to tax-exempt income, partially offset by state income taxes and the net deferred tax asset revaluation as a result of the Tax Act, as discussed in the paragraph above. In 2016, the variance from the federal statutory rate was due primarily to tax-exempt income, partially offset by state income taxes. Interest income on certain securities issued by or loans made to governmental, municipal and not-for-profit entities, and earnings from bank-owned life insurance were the primary components of tax-exempt income in 2016.


32



Financial Condition

The following table presents summary balance sheet data as of the end of the last five years.
(amounts in thousands)
 
December 31,
Balance Sheet Data:
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Total assets
 
$
3,541,692

 
$
2,767,687

 
$
1,854,335

 
$
1,269,870

 
$
970,503

Loans
 
2,716,228

 
2,091,193

 
1,250,789

 
953,859

 
732,426

Total securities
 
504,095

 
492,484

 
473,371

 
213,698

 
137,518

Loans held-for-sale
 
18,328

 
51,407

 
27,101

 
36,518

 
34,671

Noninterest-bearing deposits
 
43,301

 
44,686

 
31,166

 
23,700

 
21,790

Interest-bearing deposits
 
2,628,050

 
2,040,255

 
1,431,701

 
932,354

 
736,808

Total deposits
 
2,671,351

 
2,084,941

 
1,462,867

 
956,054

 
758,598

Advances from Federal Home Loan Bank
 
525,153

 
410,176

 
189,981

 
190,957

 
106,897

Total shareholders' equity
 
288,735

 
224,127

 
153,942

 
104,330

 
96,785


Total assets increased $774.0 million, or 28.0%, to $3.5 billion as of December 31, 2018 as compared to $2.8 billion as of December 31, 2017. Balance sheet expansion during 2018 was funded by deposit growth of $586.4 million, or 28.1%, and supplemented with advances from the FHLB, which increased $115.0 million, or 28.0%. This funding was primarily deployed to support loan growth of $625.0 million, or 29.9%. To support balance sheet expansion, in June 2018, the Company completed an underwritten public offering of 1,730,750 shares of its common stock at a price of $33.25 per share. The Company received net proceeds of approximately $54.3 million after deducting underwriting discounts and commissions and offering expenses.

Loan Portfolio Analysis

The following table provides information regarding the Company’s loan portfolio as of the end of the last five years.
 
December 31,
(dollars in thousands)
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Commercial loans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Commercial and industrial
$
114,382

 
4.2
%
 
$
122,940

 
5.9
%
 
$
102,437

 
8.2
%
 
$
102,000

 
10.7
%
 
$
77,232

 
10.5
%
Owner-occupied commercial real estate
87,962

 
3.2
%
 
75,768

 
3.6
%
 
57,668

 
4.6
%
 
44,462

 
4.7
%
 
34,295

 
4.7
%
Investor commercial real estate
5,391

 
0.2
%
 
7,273

 
0.4
%
 
13,181

 
1.0
%
 
16,184

 
1.7
%
 
22,069

 
3.0
%
Construction
39,916

 
1.5
%
 
49,213

 
2.4
%
 
53,291

 
4.3
%
 
45,898

 
4.8
%
 
24,883

 
3.4
%
Single tenant lease financing
919,440

 
33.8
%
 
803,299

 
38.4
%
 
606,568

 
48.5
%
 
374,344

 
39.2
%
 
192,608

 
26.3
%
Public finance
706,342

 
26.0
%
 
438,341

 
21.0
%