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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
ý
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 30, 2018
 
OR
 
 
 
o
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the transition period from                    to                  
Commission file number 1-36597
396663314_vistaoutdoora15.jpg
Vista Outdoor Inc.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
47-1016855
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 Vista Way
Anoka, MN
 
55303
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (801) 447-3000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer ý
 
Accelerated Filer o
 
Non-Accelerated Filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý
As of February 4, 2019, there were 57,591,087 shares of the registrant's voting common stock outstanding.
 




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I - Financial Information
 
PART II - Other Information
 


Table of Contents


PART I— FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
VISTA OUTDOOR INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited)
(Amounts in thousands except share data)
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
37,624

 
$
22,870

Net receivables
 
340,016

 
421,763

Net inventories
 
425,473

 
382,278

Income tax receivable
 
12,044

 
3,379

Assets held for sale
 
236,810

 
200,440

Other current assets
 
18,519

 
27,962

Total current assets
 
1,070,486

 
1,058,692

Net property, plant, and equipment
 
219,776

 
277,207

Goodwill
 
204,496

 
657,536

Net intangible assets
 
364,616

 
592,279

Deferred charges and other non-current assets
 
17,343

 
29,122

Total assets
 
$
1,876,717

 
$
2,614,836

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
 
$
19,335

 
$
32,000

Accounts payable
 
136,550

 
114,549

Accrued compensation
 
26,556

 
36,346

Federal excise tax
 
14,785

 
22,701

Liabilities held for sale
 
40,592

 
42,177

Other current liabilities
 
125,430

 
97,447

Total current liabilities
 
363,248

 
345,220

Long-term debt
 
729,594

 
883,399

Deferred income tax liabilities
 
18,497

 
66,196

Accrued pension and postemployment benefits
 
35,733

 
38,196

Other long-term liabilities
 
63,019

 
64,335

Total liabilities
 
1,210,091

 
1,397,346

Commitments and contingencies (Notes 13 and 16)
 

 

Common stock — $.01 par value:
 
 
 
 
Authorized — 500,000,000 shares
 
 
 
 
Issued and outstanding — 57,573,713 shares as of December 30, 2018 and 57,431,299 shares as of March 31, 2018
 
576

 
574

Additional paid-in capital
 
1,760,075

 
1,746,182

Accumulated deficit
 
(756,334
)
 
(156,526
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(73,998
)
 
(104,296
)
Common stock in treasury, at cost — 6,390,726 shares held as of December 30, 2018 and 6,533,140 shares held as of March 31, 2018
 
(263,693
)
 
(268,444
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
666,626

 
1,217,490

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
1,876,717

 
$
2,614,836

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

2

Table of Contents

VISTA OUTDOOR INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(unaudited)
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Nine months ended
(Amounts in thousands except per share data)
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Sales, net
 
$
467,771

 
$
581,204

 
$
1,543,192

 
$
1,737,236

Cost of sales
 
373,535

 
455,099

 
1,226,861

 
1,325,596

Gross profit
 
94,236

 
126,105

 
316,331

 
411,640

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
 
6,503

 
6,875

 
20,681

 
22,113

Selling, general, and administrative
 
86,418

 
100,224

 
284,754

 
306,036

Goodwill and intangibles impairment (Note 11)
 
432,612

 

 
456,023

 
152,320

Impairment of held-for-sale assets (Notes 6 and 7)
 
83,854

 

 
128,775

 

Income (loss) before other expense, interest, and income taxes
 
(515,151
)
 
19,006

 
(573,902
)
 
(68,829
)
Other income (expense), net
 
(1,871
)
 

 
(6,796
)
 

Interest expense, net
 
(16,003
)
 
(12,494
)
 
(46,340
)
 
(37,456
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
 
(533,025
)
 
6,512

 
(627,038
)
 
(106,285
)
Income tax provision (benefit)
 
(18,383
)
 
(47,231
)
 
(27,230
)
 
(61,975
)
Net income (loss)
 
$
(514,642
)
 
$
53,743

 
$
(599,808
)
 
$
(44,310
)
Earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(8.94
)
 
$
0.94

 
$
(10.43
)
 
$
(0.78
)
Diluted
 
$
(8.94
)
 
$
0.94

 
$
(10.43
)
 
$
(0.78
)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
57,572

 
57,253

 
57,525

 
57,113

Diluted
 
57,572

 
57,294

 
57,525

 
57,113

 
 


 


 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) (from above)
 
$
(514,642
)
 
$
53,743

 
$
(599,808
)
 
$
(44,310
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pension and other postretirement benefit liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reclassification of prior service credits for pension and postretirement benefit plans recorded to net income, net of tax benefit of $19 and $29 for the quarter ended, respectively; and, $57 and $221 for the nine months ended, respectively.
 
(60
)
 
(49
)
 
(180
)
 
(372
)
Reclassification of net actuarial loss for pension and postretirement benefit plans recorded to net income, net of tax expense of $(172) and $(281) for the quarter ended, respectively; and, $(516) and $(1,240) for the nine months ended, respectively.
 
543

 
472

 
1,629

 
2,087

Valuation adjustment for pension and postretirement benefit plans, net of tax expense of $0 and $714 for the quarter ended, respectively; and, $0 and $710 for the nine months ended, respectively.
 

 
(1,202
)
 

 
(1,197
)
Change in derivatives, net of tax expense of $88 and $(467) for the quarter ended, respectively; and, $235 and $(481) for the nine months ended, respectively.
 
(279
)
 
785

 
(743
)
 
808

Change in cumulative translation adjustment.
 
76

 
791

 
29,592

 
16,463

Total other comprehensive income (loss)
 
280

 
797

 
30,298

 
17,789

Comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(514,362
)
 
$
54,540

 
$
(569,510
)
 
$
(26,521
)

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

VISTA OUTDOOR INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(unaudited)
 
 
Nine months ended
(Amounts in thousands)
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
 
$
(599,808
)
 
$
(44,310
)
Adjustments to net income (loss) to arrive at cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
 
40,112

 
41,412

Amortization of intangible assets
 
19,284

 
26,653

Impairment of held-for-sale assets (Notes 6 and 7)
 
128,775

 

Goodwill and intangibles impairment
 
456,023

 
152,320

Deferred financing costs expensed
 
10,458

 
2,260

Deferred income taxes
 
(26,610
)
 
(76,173
)
Loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment
 
8,098

 
87

Loss on disposition
 
4,925

 

Stock-based compensation
 
5,838

 
7,868

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Net receivables
 
47,088

 
12,254

Net inventories
 
(88,657
)
 
111,250

Accounts payable
 
36,961

 
(8,456
)
Accrued compensation
 
(6,911
)
 
10,654

Accrued income taxes
 
(4,872
)
 
31,258

Federal excise tax
 
(3,630
)
 
(6,083
)
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
(555
)
 
(8,960
)
Other assets and liabilities
 
34,429

 
(5,945
)
Cash provided by operating activities
 
60,948

 
246,089

Investing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
 
(30,911
)
 
(43,561
)
Proceeds from sale of Eyewear business
 
151,595

 

Proceeds from the disposition of property, plant, and equipment
 
365

 
88

Cash provided by (used for) investing activities
 
121,049

 
(43,473
)
Financing Activities:
 
 
 
 
Borrowings on lines of credit
 
440,000

 
250,000

Payments on lines of credit
 
(180,000
)
 
(410,000
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
149,343

 

Payments made on long-term debt
 
(576,000
)
 
(24,000
)
Payments made for debt issuance costs
 
(10,271
)
 
(1,805
)
Settlement from former parent
 
13,047

 

Deferred payments for acquisitions
 
(1,348
)
 
(1,348
)
Shares withheld for payroll taxes
 
(1,001
)
 
(2,982
)
Proceeds from employee stock compensation plans
 

 
4,237

Cash used for financing activities
 
(166,230
)
 
(185,898
)
Effect of foreign exchange rate fluctuations on cash
 
(1,013
)
 
1,486

Increase in cash and cash equivalents
 
14,754

 
18,204

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
22,870

 
45,075

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
37,624

 
$
63,279

Supplemental Cash Flow Disclosures:
 
 
 
 
Non-cash investing activity:
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures included in accounts payable
 
$
1,756

 
$
4,281

 
See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

VISTA OUTDOOR INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock $.01 Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Amounts in thousands except share data)
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Additional
Paid-In
Capital
 
(Accumulated Deficit) Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Total
Equity
Balance, March 31, 2017
 
57,014,319

 
$
571

 
$
1,752,903

 
$
(108,033
)
 
$
(112,992
)
 
$
(287,384
)
 
$
1,245,065

Comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 

 
(44,310
)
 
17,789

 

 
(26,521
)
Exercise of stock options
 
265,160

 

 
(6,734
)
 

 

 
10,971

 
4,237

Restricted stock grants net of forfeitures
 
(66,473
)
 

 
126

 

 

 
(1,756
)
 
(1,630
)
Share-based compensation
 

 

 
7,868

 

 

 

 
7,868

Restricted stock vested and shares withheld
 
51,307

 

 
(758
)
 

 

 
1,479

 
721

Employee stock purchase plan
 
20,670

 

 
(482
)
 

 

 
854

 
372

Other
 
4,556

 
2

 
(65
)
 

 

 
228

 
165

Balance, December 31, 2017
 
57,289,539

 
$
573

 
$
1,752,858

 
$
(152,343
)
 
$
(95,203
)
 
$
(275,608
)
 
$
1,230,277

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance, March 31, 2018
 
57,431,299

 
$
574

 
$
1,746,182

 
$
(156,526
)
 
$
(104,296
)
 
$
(268,444
)
 
$
1,217,490

Comprehensive income (loss)
 

 

 

 
(599,808
)
 
30,298

 

 
(569,510
)
Share-based compensation
 

 

 
5,940

 

 

 
(102
)
 
5,838

Restricted stock vested and shares withheld
 
71,192

 

 
(3,577
)
 

 

 
3,139

 
(438
)
Employee stock purchase plan
 
13,083

 

 
(334
)
 

 

 
540

 
206

Settlement from former parent
 

 

 
13,047

 

 

 

 
13,047

Other
 
58,139

 
2

 
(1,183
)
 

 

 
1,174

 
(7
)
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
57,573,713

 
$
576

 
$
1,760,075

 
$
(756,334
)
 
$
(73,998
)
 
$
(263,693
)
 
$
666,626

See Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

5

Table of Contents

VISTA OUTDOOR INC.
NOTES TO THE CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
Quarter and nine months ended December 30, 2018
(Amounts in thousands except share and per share data unless otherwise indicated)
1. Significant Accounting Policies
Nature of Operations—Vista Outdoor Inc. (together with our subsidiaries, "Vista Outdoor", "we", "our", and "us") is a leading global designer, manufacturer and marketer of consumer products in the growing outdoor sports and recreation markets. We operate in two segments, Outdoor Products and Shooting Sports. Vista Outdoor has manufacturing and distribution facilities in 18 locations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Puerto Rico along with international customer service, sales, and sourcing operations in Asia, Australia, Canada, and Europe. Vista Outdoor was incorporated in Delaware in 2014.

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and notes included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018 (“fiscal 2018”).

Basis of Presentation—Our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") for interim reporting. As permitted under those rules, certain disclosures and other financial information that normally are required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States can be condensed or omitted. Our accounting policies are described in the notes to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2018. Management is responsible for the condensed consolidated financial statements included in this report, which are unaudited but, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position as of December 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, our results of operations for the quarter and nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and our cash flows for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

New Accounting Pronouncements—Effective April 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which supersedes existing revenue recognition requirements. We adopted this standard effective April 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. See Note 4, Revenue Recognition, for our enhanced disclosures about revenue in accordance with the new standard.

On February 25, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02, Leases. The new guidance was issued to increase transparency and comparability among companies by requiring most leases to be included on the balance sheet and by expanding disclosure requirements. Based on the current effective dates, the new guidance would first apply in the first quarter of our fiscal 2020. Although we expect adoption of the standard to materially increase the assets and liabilities recorded on our balance sheet, we are still evaluating the overall impact on our financial statements.

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. ASU 2017-12 amends existing guidance to better align an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships. ASU 2017-12 also expands and refines hedge accounting for both nonfinancial and financial risk components and aligns the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. The standard allows for early adoption. As of September 30, 2018, we elected to early adopt this standard, which did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
 
Other than the standards noted above and in our fiscal 2018 financial statements, there are no other new accounting pronouncements that are expected to have a significant impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

2. Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The current authoritative guidance on fair value prescribes a framework for measuring fair value, establishes a fair value hierarchy based on the inputs used to measure fair value, and requires disclosures about the use of fair value measurements. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.
The valuation techniques required by the current authoritative literature are based upon observable and unobservable inputs. Observable inputs reflect market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect internal market assumptions. These two types of inputs create the following fair value hierarchy:
Level 1—Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2—Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.
Level 3—Significant inputs to the valuation model are unobservable.
The following section describes the valuation methodologies we used to measure our financial instruments at fair value.
Long-term debt—The fair value of our outstanding variable-rate long-term debt is calculated based on current market rates for debt of the same risk and maturities. The fair value of the fixed-rate long-term debt is based on market quotes for the outstanding notes. We consider these to be Level 2 instruments.
Interest rate swaps—We periodically enter into floating-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements in order to hedge our forecasted interest payments on our outstanding variable-rate debt. The fair value of those swaps is determined using a pricing model based on observable inputs for similar instruments and other market assumptions. We consider these to be Level 2 instruments. See Note 13, Long-term Debt, for additional information.
Commodity Price Hedging Instruments—We periodically enter into commodity forward contracts to hedge our exposure to price fluctuations on certain commodities we use for raw material components in our manufacturing process. When actual commodity prices exceed the fixed price provided by these contracts, we receive this difference from the counterparty, and when actual commodity prices are below the contractually provided fixed price, we pay this difference to the counterparty. See Note 3, Derivative Financial Instruments, for additional information.
Contingent consideration—The acquisition-related contingent consideration liability represents the estimated fair value of additional future earn-outs payable for acquisitions of businesses that included earn-out clauses. The valuation of the contingent consideration is evaluated on an ongoing basis and is based on management estimates and entity-specific assumptions which are considered Level 3 inputs. On September 1, 2016, we completed the acquisition of privately owned Logan Outdoor Products, LLC and Peak Trades, LLC ("Camp Chef"), a leading provider of outdoor cooking solutions. Under the terms of the transaction, approximately $10,000 of the purchase price is payable over a three-year period from the closing date if certain incremental growth milestones are met and key members of Camp Chef management continue their employment with us through the respective milestone dates. The approximately $10,000 is being expensed over the three-year measurement period and is to be paid in three equal installments as each milestone is achieved. The growth milestones for the second year have been met and, therefore, we paid $3,371 during the quarter ended December 30, 2018.
Sublease of former corporate headquarters—In the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we entered into a sublease for our former corporate headquarters located in Farmington, Utah. We recognized a loss of $2,340 associated with the execution of the sublease agreement as the expected discounted cash flows to be incurred under the remaining operating lease term of approximately seven years exceed anticipated discounted cash flows from the new operating sublease. Additionally, we evaluated the long-lived assets associated with our former corporate headquarters for impairment and determined that they were no longer recoverable. As a result, we recognized a loss of $5,317 related to the impairment of long-lived assets associated with our former corporate headquarters. Both losses are included in the selling, general and administrative line item in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income (Loss). The fair values of the sublease and long-lived assets were based on expected future cash flows using Level 3 inputs under ASC 820.

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The following table presents our financial assets and liabilities that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. The carrying values and estimated fair values were as follows:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
Carrying
amount
 
Fair
value
 
Carrying
amount
 
Fair
value
Fixed-rate debt
 
$
350,000

 
$
320,250

 
$
350,000

 
$
328,248

Variable-rate debt
 
409,343

 
409,343

 
576,000

 
576,000


3. Derivative Financial Instruments
We are exposed to market risks arising from adverse changes in:
commodity prices affecting the cost of raw materials,
interest rates, and
foreign exchange risks.
In the normal course of business, these risks are managed through a variety of strategies, including the use of derivative instruments. See Note 13, Long-term Debt, for additional information on our interest rate swaps.
We entered into various commodity forward contracts during the quarters ended September 30, 2018 and December 30, 2018. These contracts are used to hedge our exposure to price fluctuations on lead we purchase for raw material components in our ammunition manufacturing process and are designated and qualify as effective cash flow hedges. The effectiveness of cash flow hedges is assessed at inception and quarterly thereafter. Hedge accounting would cease if it became probable that the originally-forecasted hedged transaction will not occur. The related change in fair value of the ineffective portion of the derivative instrument would be reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) and recognized in earnings.
The fair value of the lead forward contracts is recorded within other assets or liabilities, as appropriate, and the effective portion is reflected in accumulated other comprehensive loss ("AOCL") in our financial statements. The gains or losses on the lead forward contracts are recorded in inventory as the commodities are purchased and in cost of sales when the related inventory is sold. As of December 30, 2018, we had outstanding lead forward contracts on 9 million pounds of lead.
The derivative gains or losses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income related to lead forward contracts during the three and nine months ended December 30, 2018 were immaterial. The liability related to the lead forward contracts is immaterial and is recorded as part of other current liabilities.

8

Table of Contents

4. Revenue Recognition

The following tables disaggregate our net sales by major category:
 
 
Quarter ended December 30, 2018
 
Quarter ended December 31, 2017
 
 
Outdoor Products
 
Shooting Sports
 
Total
 
Outdoor Products
 
Shooting Sports
 
Total
Ammunition
 
$

 
$
197,554

 
$
197,554

 
$

 
$
238,858

 
$
238,858

Firearms
 

 
43,775

 
43,775

 

 
47,468

 
47,468

Hunting and Shooting Accessories
 
109,287

 

 
109,287

 
122,215

 

 
122,215

Action Sports
 
73,682

 

 
73,682

 
79,301

 

 
79,301

Outdoor Recreation
 
43,473

 

 
43,473

 
48,489

 

 
48,489

Eyewear
 

 

 

 
44,873

 

 
44,873

Total
 
$
226,442

 
$
241,329

 
$
467,771

 
$
294,878

 
$
286,326

 
$
581,204

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Geographic Region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
160,582

 
$
208,541

 
$
369,123

 
$
190,265

 
$
246,981

 
$
437,246

Rest of the World
 
65,860

 
32,788

 
98,648

 
104,613

 
39,345

 
143,958

Total
 
$
226,442

 
$
241,329

 
$
467,771

 
$
294,878

 
$
286,326

 
$
581,204

 
 
Nine months ended December 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended December 31, 2017
 
 
Outdoor Products
 
Shooting Sports
 
Total
 
Outdoor Products
 
Shooting Sports
 
Total
Ammunition
 
$

 
$
639,158

 
$
639,158

 
$

 
$
733,631

 
$
733,631

Firearms
 

 
134,347

 
134,347

 

 
127,116

 
127,116

Hunting and Shooting Accessories
 
327,211

 

 
327,211

 
355,336

 

 
355,336

Action Sports
 
230,117

 

 
230,117

 
236,908

 

 
236,908

Outdoor Recreation
 
160,500

 

 
160,500

 
166,999

 

 
166,999

Eyewear
 
51,859

 

 
51,859

 
117,246

 

 
117,246

Total
 
$
769,687

 
$
773,505

 
$
1,543,192

 
$
876,489

 
$
860,747

 
$
1,737,236

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Geographic Region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
 
$
541,646

 
$
679,144

 
$
1,220,790

 
$
577,416

 
$
745,770

 
$
1,323,186

Rest of the World
 
228,041

 
94,361

 
322,402

 
299,073

 
114,977

 
414,050

Total
 
$
769,687

 
$
773,505

 
$
1,543,192

 
$
876,489

 
$
860,747

 
$
1,737,236

Effective April 1, 2018, we implemented ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), using the modified retrospective method. The standard did not have a material effect on our financial statements.
The vast majority of our revenues are from the sale of consumer products in the outdoor recreation and shooting sports markets. Our customers consist primarily of retailers and distributors, as well as government, law enforcement, and military professionals. We also sell some of our products online directly to consumers. Our top customer is Walmart, representing 14% and 14% of our sales for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. No other single customer contributed 10% or more of our sales for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
Typically, our contracts require customers to pay within 30-60 days of product delivery with a discount available to some customers for early payment. In some cases, we offer extended payment terms to customers. However, we do not consider these extended payment terms to be a significant financing component of the contract because the payment terms are less than a year.

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We recognize revenue for our products at a point in time upon the transfer of control of the products to the customer, which typically occurs upon shipment and coincides with our right to payment, the transfer of legal title, and the transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the product.
In limited circumstances, our contract with a customer may have shipping terms that indicate a transfer of control of the products upon their arrival at the destination rather than upon shipment. In those cases, we recognize revenue only when the product reaches the customer destination, which may require us to estimate the timing of transfer of control based on the expected delivery date. In all cases, however, we consider our costs related to shipping and handling to be a cost of fulfilling the contract with the customer.
The total amount of revenue we recognize for the sale of our products reflects various sales adjustments for discounts, returns, refunds, allowances, rebates, and other customer incentives. These sales adjustments can vary based on market conditions, customer preferences, timing of customer payments, volume of products sold, and timing of new product launches. These adjustments require management to make reasonable estimates of the amount we expect to receive from the customer. We estimate sales adjustments by customer or by product category on the basis of our historical experience with similar contracts with customers, adjusted as necessary to reflect current facts and circumstances and our expectations for the future.
Incentives in the form of cash paid to the customer (or a reduction of a customer cash payment to us) typically are recognized as a reduction of sales unless the incentive is for a distinct benefit that we receive from the customer (e.g., advertising or marketing).
We provide consumer warranties against manufacturing defects on certain products within the Shooting Sports and Outdoor Products segments. Our warranty periods typically range from one year to the lifetime of the product. The costs of such product warranties are recognized upon delivery of the product at the time the sale is recorded, and are estimated based on our past experience.

We pay commissions to some of our employees based on agreed-upon sales targets. We recognize the incremental costs of obtaining a contract as an expense when incurred because our sales contracts with commissions are a year or less.

We did not recognize any revenue in the reporting period from performance obligations satisfied (or partially satisfied) in previous reporting periods.

5. Earnings Per Share

The computation of earnings per share ("EPS") includes Basic EPS computed based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for each period. Diluted EPS is computed based on the weighted average number of common shares and common equivalent shares. Common equivalent shares represent the effect of stock-based awards during each period presented, which, if exercised or earned, would have a dilutive effect on EPS.


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In computing EPS for the quarter and nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, earnings, as reported for each respective period, is divided by the number of shares below:
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Nine months ended
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Net income (loss)
 
$
(514,642
)
 
$
53,743

 
$
(599,808
)
 
$
(44,310
)
Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Basic EPS shares outstanding
 
57,572

 
57,253

 
57,525

 
57,113

   Dilutive effect of stock-based awards (1)
 

 
41

 

 

   Diluted EPS shares outstanding
 
57,572

 
57,294

 
57,525

 
57,113

Shares excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because the option exercise/threshold price was greater than the average market price of the common shares
 
460

 
236

 
424

 
149

Earnings (loss) per common share:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(8.94
)
 
$
0.94

 
$
(10.43
)
 
$
(0.78
)
Diluted
 
$
(8.94
)
 
$
0.94

 
$
(10.43
)
 
$
(0.78
)
(1) Due to the loss from continuing operations in the quarter and nine months ended December 30, 2018 and the nine months ended December 31, 2017, there are no common shares added to calculate dilutive EPS because the effect would be antidilutive.

6. Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale
During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we entered into negotiations with a number of potential buyers for the legal entities comprising our firearms business, which is part of our Shooting Sports segment and comprises our firearms reporting unit. The decision to sell this business reflects our ongoing review of our portfolio of brands to focus on assets that are core to our mission and strategy.

The gross proceeds from the divestiture are expected to be approximately $210,000, subject to net working capital adjustments and transaction costs. The sale of the legal entities comprising our firearms business is expected to be completed in the next few quarters. As we believe that the sale of the firearms business will result in a net loss, we recognized an impairment of $83,854 during the quarter ended December 30, 2018.
The operating results of this business do not qualify for reporting as discontinued operations. For the quarter and nine months ended December 30, 2018, the earnings before taxes for this business were $6,461 and $15,749, respectively. For the quarter and nine months ended December 31, 2017, the earnings before taxes for this business were $4,491 and $10,378, respectively.
The following table presents information related to the assets and liabilities of the firearms business that was classified as held for sale at December 30, 2018:




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Assets and Liabilities Held for Sale
 
 
 
 
 
(Amounts in thousands except share data)
 
December 30, 2018
Assets
 
 
Net receivables
 
$
44,880

Net inventories
 
37,048

Other current assets
 
1,344

Net property, plant, and equipment
 
34,591

Goodwill
 
121,463

Net intangible assets
 
79,810

Deferred charges and other noncurrent assets
 
1,528

Total assets held for sale
 
$
320,664

 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
9,614

Accrued compensation
 
1,878

Accrued income taxes
 
465

Federal excise tax
 
4,228

Other current liabilities
 
2,898

Deferred tax liabilities
 
21,509

Total liabilities held for sale
 
$
40,592

 
 
 
Total net assets held for sale
 
$
280,072

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total net assets held for sale
 
$
280,072

Currency translation adjustment attributable to firearms business
 
3,782

Total net assets including currency translation adjustment
 
283,854

Estimated fair value less costs to sell
 
(200,000
)
Impairment of held-for-sale assets
 
$
83,854

 
 
 
Total assets held for sale
 
$
320,664

Impairment of held-for-sale assets
 
(83,854
)
Adjusted assets held for sale
 
$
236,810

7. Divestitures

On August 31, 2018, the Company completed the sale of its Bollé, Serengeti, and Cébé brands (the "Eyewear Brands"). The selling price was $158,000, subject to customary working capital adjustments. As a result of the sale, during the nine months ended December 30, 2018, the Company recorded a pretax loss of $4,925, which is included in other income (expense), net primarily due to the final allocation of goodwill and fixed assets for the Eyewear Brands.

During the nine months ended December 30, 2018, we recognized an impairment of $44,921 related to an expected loss on the sale of our held-for-sale assets related to the Eyewear Brands. The loss is primarily attributable to cumulative foreign currency translation adjustments for these entities that was reclassified to earnings upon their sale.

We are currently negotiating the final working capital adjustments with the buyer.

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8. Receivables
Net receivables are summarized as follows:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Trade receivables
 
$
337,546

 
$
453,939

Other receivables
 
21,139

 
4,017

Less: allowance for doubtful accounts and discounts
 
(18,669
)
 
(36,193
)
Net receivables
 
$
340,016

 
$
421,763

As of December 30, 2018, Walmart and Amazon represented 21% and 13% of the total trade receivables balance, respectively. As of March 31, 2018, Walmart represented 14% of the total trade receivables balance. No other customer represented more than 10% of our total trade receivables balance as of December 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018.
9. Inventories
Net inventories consist of the following:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Raw materials
 
$
91,089

 
$
88,588

Work in process
 
38,682

 
40,812

Finished goods
 
295,702

 
252,878

Net inventories
 
$
425,473

 
$
382,278


We consider inventories to be long-term if they are not expected to be sold within one year. Long-term inventories are presented on the balance sheet net of reserves within deferred charges and other non-current assets and totaled $15,989 and $24,040 as of December 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively.

10. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (AOCL)
The components of AOCL, net of income taxes, are as follows:
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Pension and other postretirement benefits
$
(65,207
)
 
$
(66,656
)
Derivatives
1,161

 
1,904

Cumulative translation adjustment
(9,952
)
 
(39,544
)
Total AOCL
$
(73,998
)
 
$
(104,296
)

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The following tables summarize the changes in the balance of AOCL, net of income tax:
 
Quarter ended December 30, 2018
 
Nine months ended December 30, 2018
 
Derivatives
 
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
Cumulative translation adjustment
 
Total
 
Derivatives
 
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
Cumulative translation adjustment
 
Total
Beginning balance in AOCL
$
1,440

 
$
(65,690
)
 
$
(10,028
)
 
$
(74,278
)
 
$
1,904

 
$
(66,656
)
 
$
(39,544
)
 
$
(104,296
)
Net actuarial losses reclassified from AOCL (1)

 
543

 

 
543

 

 
1,629

 

 
1,629

Prior service costs reclassified from AOCL (1)

 
(60
)
 

 
(60
)
 

 
(180
)
 

 
(180
)
Net increase in fair value of derivatives
(279
)
 

 

 
(279
)
 
(743
)
 

 

 
(743
)
Net change in cumulative translation adjustment

 

 
76

 
76

 

 

 
29,592

 
29,592

Ending balance in AOCL
$
1,161

 
$
(65,207
)
 
$
(9,952
)
 
$
(73,998
)
 
$
1,161

 
$
(65,207
)
 
$
(9,952
)
 
$
(73,998
)
(1)
Amounts related to our pension and other postretirement benefits that were reclassified from AOCL were recorded as a component of net periodic benefit cost for each period presented.

 
Quarter ended December 31, 2017
 
Nine months ended December 31, 2017
 
Derivatives
 
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
Cumulative translation adjustment
 
Total
 
Derivatives
 
Pension and other postretirement benefits
 
Cumulative translation adjustment
 
Total
Beginning balance in AOCL
$
23

 
$
(55,632
)
 
$
(40,391
)
 
$
(96,000
)
 
$

 
$
(56,929
)
 
$
(56,063
)
 
$
(112,992
)
Net actuarial losses reclassified from AOCL (1)

 
472

 

 
472

 

 
2,087

 

 
2,087

Prior service costs reclassified from AOCL (1)

 
(49
)
 

 
(49
)
 

 
(372
)
 

 
(372
)
Valuation adjustment for pension and postretirement benefit plans (2)

 
(1,202
)
 

 
(1,202
)
 

 
(1,197
)
 

 
(1,197
)
Net increase in fair value of derivatives
785

 

 

 
785

 
808

 

 

 
808

Net change in cumulative translation adjustment

 

 
791

 
791

 

 

 
16,463

 
16,463

Ending balance in AOCL
$
808

 
$
(56,411
)
 
$
(39,600
)
 
$
(95,203
)
 
$
808

 
$
(56,411
)
 
$
(39,600
)
 
$
(95,203
)
(1)
Amounts related to our pension and other postretirement benefits that were reclassified from AOCL were recorded as a component of net periodic benefit cost for each period presented.
(2)
See Note 14, Employee Benefit Plans, for a description of the pension curtailment gain recognized in the quarter ended July 2, 2017.

11. Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment were as follows:
 
 
Outdoor Products
 
Shooting Sports
 
Total
Balance, March 31, 2018
 
$
452,627

 
$
204,909

 
$
657,536

Impairment
 
(327,772
)
 

 
(327,772
)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rates
 

 
(279
)
 
(279
)
Held for sale
 

 
(121,463
)
 
(121,463
)
Divestitures
 
(3,526
)
 

 
(3,526
)
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
$
121,329

 
$
83,167

 
$
204,496

Under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we are required to assess the fair value of our reporting units in the event we determine, based on our assessment of various qualitative factors, that a triggering event has occurred indicating that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the book value of such

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reporting unit on our balance sheet. Once we determine that a triggering event has occurred, we then assess the fair value of our reporting units using both income and market-based approaches. In determining the fair value of a reporting unit, the estimated value of the reporting unit under the income-based approach is weighted equally with the reporting unit’s estimated value under the market-based approach.
Under the income-based approach, the fair value of a reporting unit is estimated using a discounted cash flow model that requires us to make significant estimates based on our judgment regarding future revenues and expenses, projected capital expenditures, changes in working capital, and the appropriate discount rate.
Under the the-market based approach, we estimate the fair value of a reporting unit as the sale price that we could reasonably expect to realize from the sale of the reporting unit. In estimating this sale price, we reference valuation multiples implied by the trading price of the common stock of comparable publicly-traded companies selected based on our judgment, as well as the purchase price paid by the acquirer in sale transactions involving comparable companies selected based on our judgment.
The trading price of our common stock declined significantly in the quarter ended December 30, 2018, increasing the difference between the market value of Vista Outdoor equity and the book value of the assets recorded on our balance sheet and implying that investors’ may believe that the fair value of our reporting units is lower than their book value. In addition, as a result of a weaker than expected 2018 holiday shopping season and increasing uncertainty from the impact of retail bankruptcies, tariffs and other factors affecting the market for our products, we reduced our sales projections for fiscal year 2020 and beyond for a number of our reporting units for purposes of our long-range financial plan, which is updated annually beginning in our third quarter. As a result of these factors, we determined that a triggering event had occurred during the quarter with respect to our Hunting and Shooting Accessories, Outdoor Recreation, and Action Sports reporting units, which required that we assess the fair value of these reporting units using the income-based and market-based approaches described above.
As a result of this assessment, during the quarter ended December 30, 2018, Vista Outdoor recorded a $429,395 impairment of goodwill and identifiable indefinite-lived intangible assets related to our Hunting and Shooting Accessories, Outdoor Recreation, and Action Sports reporting units. In each impaired reporting unit, our estimate of fair value was negatively impacted by the lower projected sales described above, resulting in reduced cash flows for those businesses in fiscal year 2020 and beyond. Our estimates of the fair values of these reporting units was also significantly reduced by increases in prevailing interest rates, which required that we apply a higher discount rate in the income-based valuation approach, and by lower valuation multiples implied by recent trading prices for the common stock of comparable publicly traded companies, which required that we apply lower valuation multiples in estimating the fair value of these reporting units using the market-based approach.
The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Hunting and Shooting Accessories reporting unit was $38,386. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is no remaining goodwill in our Hunting and Shooting Accessories reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $36,223 impairment related to our Bushnell, Outers, Champion, and Weaver's tradenames. We determined the fair values of the indefinite-lived tradenames using royalty rates ranging from 1.0% to 2.0%.

The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Outdoor Recreation reporting unit was $129,470. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is $121,329 of remaining goodwill in our Outdoor Recreation reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $43,400 impairment related to our CamelBak tradename. We determined the fair value of the indefinite-lived tradename using a royalty rate of 2.0%.

The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Action Sports reporting unit was $159,916. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is no remaining goodwill in our Action Sports reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $22,000 impairment related to our Giro tradename. We determined the fair value of the indefinite-lived tradenames using royalty rates ranging from 1.0% to 1.5%.


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We evaluated our other reporting unit and concluded that the fair value exceeded the carrying amount.
The goodwill recorded within the Outdoor Products segment is presented net of $872,878 of accumulated impairment losses, of which $327,772 was recorded during the quarter ended December 30, 2018, $143,400 was recorded in fiscal 2018, and $401,706 was recorded prior to fiscal 2018. The remeasurement of goodwill and intangible assets is classified as a Level 3 fair value assessment as described in Note 2, Fair Value of Financial Instruments, due to the significance of unobservable inputs developed using company-specific information.
Net intangible assets other than goodwill consisted of the following:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
 
 
Gross
carrying
amount
 
Accumulated
amortization
 
Total
 
Gross
carrying
amount
 
Accumulated
amortization
 
Total
Trade names
 
$
48,360

 
$
(9,761
)
 
$
38,599

 
$
62,657

 
$
(11,993
)
 
$
50,664

Patented technology
 
16,612

 
(9,364
)
 
7,248

 
16,466

 
(8,157
)
 
8,309

Customer relationships and other
 
240,112

 
(66,707
)
 
173,405

 
318,476

 
(91,093
)
 
227,383

Total
 
305,084

 
(85,832
)
 
219,252

 
397,599

 
(111,243
)
 
286,356

Non-amortizing trade names
 
145,364

 

 
145,364

 
305,923

 

 
305,923

Net intangible assets
 
$
450,448

 
$
(85,832
)
 
$
364,616

 
$
703,522

 
$
(111,243
)
 
$
592,279


The loss of a key customer for our stand up paddle boards business during the quarter ended September 30, 2018 resulted in a reduction of the projected cash flows for the stand up paddle boards business. Given the associated decrease in projected cash flows for the period, we determined that a triggering event had occurred. This analysis resulted in a $23,411 impairment charge related to customer relationship intangibles associated with the Jimmy Styks acquisition.

In the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we decided to close down some small operations. As a result, we impaired $3,217 of net amortizing intangible assets in the Outdoor Products Segment. The remeasurement of intangible assets is classified as a Level 3 fair value assessment as described in Note 2 due to the significance of unobservable inputs developed using company-specific information.

The amortizable intangible assets in the table above are being amortized using a straight-line method over a weighted average remaining period of approximately 12.5 years. The amount of amortizing intangible assets for the Outdoor Products segment is presented net of a $26,628 impairment charge recorded in fiscal 2019 and a $61,054 impairment charge recorded in fiscal 2017. The amount of non-amortizing tradename intangible assets in the Outdoor Products segment is presented net of $101,623, $8,920, and $34,230 of impairment losses recorded in fiscal 2019, 2018, and 2017, respectively; and, the amount of non-amortizing tradename intangible assets in the Shooting Sports segment is presented net of $11,200 of impairment losses recorded in fiscal 2015. Amortization expense for the quarters ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $5,664 and $8,400, respectively, and for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $19,284 and $26,653, respectively.

As of December 30, 2018, we expect amortization expense related to these assets to be as follows:
Remainder of fiscal 2019
 
$
4,652

Fiscal 2020
 
20,071

Fiscal 2021
 
20,047

Fiscal 2022
 
19,992

Fiscal 2023
 
19,877

Thereafter
 
134,613

Total
 
$
219,252



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12. Other Current and Non-Current Liabilities

Other current and non-current liabilities consisted of the following:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Other current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accrual for in-transit inventory
 
$
32,551

 
$
29,200

Rebate accrual
 
20,086

 
14,827

Other
 
72,793

 
53,420

Total other current liabilities
 
$
125,430

 
$
97,447

 
 
 
 
 
Other non-current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Non-current portion of accrued income tax liability
 
$
36,657

 
$
34,716

Other
 
26,362

 
29,619

Total other non-current liabilities
 
$
63,019

 
$
64,335

We provide consumer warranties against manufacturing defects on certain products within the Shooting Sports and Outdoor Products segments with warranty periods ranging from one year to the expected lifetime of the product. The estimated costs of such product warranties are recorded at the time the sale is recorded based upon our past experience. The warranty liability recorded at each balance sheet date reflects the estimated liability for warranty coverage for products delivered based on historical information and current trends. The following is a reconciliation of the changes in our product warranty liability during the periods presented:
Balance, March 31, 2018
 
$
10,247

Payments made
 
(3,106
)
Warranties issued
 
3,815

Other adjustments
 
(1,813
)
Changes related to pre-existing warranties
 
(202
)
Balance, December 30, 2018
 
$
8,941


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13. Long-term Debt
Long-term debt, including the current portion, consisted of the following:
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
March 31, 2018
Credit Agreements due 2023:
 
 
 
 
Revolving Credit Facility
 
$
260,000

 
$

Term Loan
 
109,343

 

Credit Agreement due 2021:
 
 
 
 
Term Loan
 

 
576,000

Revolving Credit Facility
 

 

Total principal amount of Credit Agreements
 
369,343

 
576,000

Junior Term Loan
 
40,000

 

5.875% Senior Notes
 
350,000

 
350,000

Principal amount of long-term debt
 
759,343

 
926,000

Less: unamortized deferred financing costs
 
(10,414
)
 
(10,601
)
Carrying amount of long-term debt
 
748,929

 
915,399

Less: current portion
 
(19,335
)
 
(32,000
)
Carrying amount of long-term debt, excluding current portion
 
$
729,594

 
$
883,399


Credit Agreements—On November 19, 2018, we refinanced our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated April 1, 2016, which provided for a $200,000 revolving credit facility and a $400,000 term loan A, by entering into new credit facilities (collectively, the “New Credit Facilities”) provided for (a) a $450,000 senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the “ABL Revolving Credit Facility”), comprised of $20,000 in first-in, last-out (“FILO”) revolving credit commitments and $430,000 in non-FILO revolving credit commitments, (b) a $109,343 senior secured asset-based term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and (c) a $40,000 junior secured term loan facility (the “Junior Term Loan”). The amount available under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility is the lesser of the total commitment of $450,000 or a borrowing base based on percentages of eligible receivables, inventory, and cash, minus certain reserves. As of December 30, 2018, based on the borrowing base less outstanding borrowings of $260,000 and outstanding letters of credit of $23,007, the amount available to us under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility was $150,669.

The New Credit Facilities each mature on November 19, 2023 (the “Maturity Date”), subject to a customary springing maturity in respect of the 5.875% Notes due 2023. The loans under the Term Loan are subject to quarterly principal repayments of $4,834 on the first business day of each January, April, July and October, with the remaining balance due on the Maturity Date. The FILO commitments under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility are subject to reductions of $1,667 on the first business day of each fiscal quarter beginning on April 1, 2019. Any outstanding revolving loans under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility will be payable in full on the Maturity Date. There are no scheduled principal payments under the Junior Term Loan, which will be payable in full on the Maturity Date.

Borrowings under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility bear interest at a rate equal to, in the case of (a) non-FILO revolving credit loans, either the sum of a base rate plus a margin ranging from 0.75% to 1.25% or the sum of a LIBO rate plus a margin ranging from 1.75% to 2.25%, and (b) FILO revolving credit loans, a rate that is 1.00% higher than the rate paid on the non-FILO revolving credit loans. All such rates vary based on our Average Excess Availability under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility. As of December 30, 2018, the margin under the (1) ABL Revolving Credit Facility was, in the case of (a) non-FILO revolving credit loans, 1.25% for base rate loans and 2.25% for LIBO rate loans and (b) FILO revolving credit loans, 2.25% for base rate loans and 3.25% for LIBO rate loans, (2) Term Loan was 2.75% for base rate loans and 3.75% for LIBO rate loans, and (3) Junior Term Loan was 7.00% for base rate loans and 8.00% for LIBO rate loans. The weighted average interest rate for our borrowings under the New Credit Facilities as of December 30, 2018 was 5.63%, excluding the impact of the interest rate swaps that are discussed below. We pay a commitment fee on the unused commitments under the ABL Revolving Credit Facility of 0.25% per annum.


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Substantially all domestic tangible and intangible assets of Vista Outdoor and our domestic subsidiaries, as well as the tangible and intangible assets of Advanced Arrow S. de R.L. de C.V. and Hydrosport, S. de R.L. de C.V., are pledged as collateral under the New Credit Facilities.

Debt issuance costs related to the New Credit Facilities, including a portion of the existing unamortized debt issuance costs, totaling approximately $11,000 will be amortized over the term of the New Credit Facilities. In connection with the refinancing, net unamortized debt issuance costs of $2,404 plus additional costs related to the refinancing of approximately $500 were written off during the quarter ended December 30, 2018 and were included in interest expense in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

5.875% Notes—In fiscal 2016, we issued $350,000 aggregate principal amount of 5.875% Senior Notes (the "5.875% Notes") that mature on October 1, 2023. These notes are unsecured and senior obligations. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 1 and October 1 of each year. We have the right to redeem some or all of these notes from time to time on or after October 1, 2018, at specified redemption prices. Debt issuance costs of approximately $4,300 are being amortized to interest expense over 8 years, the term of the notes.

The New Credit Facilities and the indenture governing the 5.875% Notes contain cross-default provisions so that non-compliance with the covenants within one debt agreement could also cause a default under the other debt agreements. As of December 30, 2018, we were in compliance with the covenants of all of the debt agreements. However, we cannot provide assurance that we will be able to comply with such financial covenants in the future because of various risks and uncertainties some of which may be beyond our control.

Rank and guarantees—The New Credit Facilities' obligations are guaranteed on a secured basis, jointly and severally and fully and unconditionally by substantially all of our domestic subsidiaries and by Advanced Arrow S. de R.L. de C.V. and Hydrosport, S. de R.L. de C.V. Vista Outdoor (the parent company issuer) has no independent assets or operations. We own 100% of all of these guarantor subsidiaries. The 5.875% Notes are senior unsecured obligations of Vista Outdoor and will rank equally in right of payment with any future senior unsecured indebtedness and senior in right of payment to any future subordinated indebtedness of Vista Outdoor. The 5.875% Notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed, jointly and severally, by our existing and future domestic subsidiaries that guarantee indebtedness under our New Credit Facilities or that guarantee certain of our other indebtedness, or indebtedness of any subsidiary guarantor, in an aggregate principal amount in excess of $50,000. These guarantees are senior unsecured obligations of the applicable subsidiary guarantors. The guarantee by any subsidiary guarantor of our obligations in respect of the 5.875% Notes will be released in any of the following circumstances:

if, as a result of the sale of its capital stock, such subsidiary guarantor ceases to be a restricted subsidiary;
if such subsidiary guarantor is designated as an “Unrestricted Subsidiary”;
upon defeasance or satisfaction and discharge of the 5.875% Notes; or
if such subsidiary guarantor has been released from its guarantees of indebtedness under the New Credit Facilities and all capital markets debt securities.

Interest rate swaps—During fiscal 2018, we entered into floating-to-fixed interest rate swap agreements in order to hedge our forecasted interest payments on our outstanding variable-rate debt. As of December 30, 2018, we had the following cash flow hedge interest rate swaps in place:
 
 
Notional
 
Fair Value
 
Pay Fixed
 
Receive Floating
 
Maturity Date
Non-amortizing swap
 
$
100,000

 
$
576

 
1.519%
 
2.345%
 
June 2019
Non-amortizing swap
 
100,000

 
1,321

 
1.629%
 
2.345%
 
June 2020

The amount paid or received under these swaps is recorded as an adjustment to interest expense. The asset related to the swaps is recorded as part of other current assets.


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Cash paid for interest on debt—Cash paid for interest on debt, including commitment fees, for the quarters ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 totaled $15,108 and $16,834, respectively. Cash paid for interest on debt, including commitment fees, for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 totaled $29,646 and $39,722, respectively.

14. Employee Benefit Plans
During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we recognized an aggregate net benefit for employee defined benefit plans of $186 compared to a net expense of $0 during the quarter ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in expense was primarily due to expected return on plan assets and elimination of service cost due to pension curtailment on July 31, 2017, as discussed below.
For the nine months ended December 30, 2018, we recognized an aggregate net benefit for employee defined benefit plans of $556 compared to a net expense of $1,506 during the nine months ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in expense was primarily due to expected return on plan assets and elimination of service cost due to pension curtailment on July 31, 2017, as discussed below.
Employer contributions and distributions—During the nine months ended December 30, 2018, there were no required contributions to the pension trust, and we made no contributions to our other postretirement benefit plans, and no distributions to retirees under the non-qualified supplemental executive retirement plan. During the nine months ended December 31, 2017, we contributed $8,800 directly to the pension trust, made no contributions to our other postretirement benefit plans, and made no distributions to retirees under the non-qualified supplemental executive retirement plan. During the remainder of fiscal 2019, we do not expect to make additional contributions to the pension trust, to our other postretirement benefit plans, or directly to retirees under our non-qualified supplemental executive retirement plans.
Pension curtailment—In June 2017, we announced changes to our qualified and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans. The benefits under the affected plans are determined by a cash balance formula that provides participating employees with an annual “pay credit” as a percentage of their eligible pay based on their age and eligible service. The curtailment was effective July 31, 2017, with employees receiving a pro-rated pay credit for 2017 and no future pay credits beginning in 2018. However, a participating employee’s benefit will continue to grow based on annual interest credits applied to the employee’s cash balance account until commencement of the employee’s benefit. As a result of the changes, we recognized a one-time gain of $5,783 during the quarter ended July 2, 2017.

15. Income Taxes

Our provision for income taxes includes federal, foreign, and state income taxes. Income tax provisions for interim periods are based on the year-to-date effective tax rate for the current year and on estimated effective annual income tax rate for the prior year.

The income tax provisions for the quarters ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 represent effective tax rates of 3.4% and (725.3)%, respectively. The increase in the rate from the prior year quarter is primarily the result of the nondeductible impairment charges in the current quarter and the income tax effects of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ("Tax Legislation") in the prior year quarter. The effective tax rates for the quarters ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were lower than the statutory rate primarily because of the recognition of the nondeductible impairment charges and the impact of the Tax Legislation, respectively.

The income tax provisions for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 represent effective tax rates of 4.3% and 58.3%, respectively. The decrease in the rate from the prior year period is primarily the result of nondeductible impairment charges in the current period and the effects of the Tax Legislation in the prior period. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 was lower than the statutory rate primarily because of the recognition of the nondeductible impairment charges in the current period. The effective tax rate for the nine months ended December 31, 2017 was higher than the statutory rate primarily because of the effects of the Tax Legislation in the prior period.

In assessing the realizability of our deferred tax assets, we considered whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. As a result of the impairment charges recorded in the current quarter, we are in a cumulative loss position for the three year period ending December 30, 2018. A cumulative loss position is considered significant negative evidence in assessing the realizability of a deferred tax asset that is difficult to overcome when determining

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whether a valuation allowance is required. Considering the weight of all available positive and negative evidence, we do not believe the positive evidence overcomes the negative evidence of our cumulative loss position. Therefore, we have established a valuation allowance of $29,216 during the current quarter for a total valuation allowance of $31,691 on our deferred tax asset as of December 30, 2018.
On December 22, 2017, Tax Legislation was enacted in the United States. The Tax Legislation significantly revises the corporate income tax by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates, limiting various deductions, repealing the domestic manufacturing deduction, implementing a territorial tax system, and imposing a repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries.
The impact of the Tax Legislation was a benefit to us of approximately $49 million, the majority of which was included in our prior period tax benefit. The tax benefit was primarily due to remeasurement of the U.S. deferred tax liabilities at lower enacted corporate tax rates, which did not have a cash impact on the prior period.

On February 9, 2015, we entered into a Tax Matters Agreement with Orbital ATK that governs the respective rights, responsibilities and obligations of Vista Outdoor and Orbital ATK following the distribution of all of the shares of our common stock on a pro rata basis to the holders of Alliant Techsystems Inc. common stock (the “Spin-Off”) with respect to tax liabilities and benefits, tax attributes, tax contests and other tax sharing regarding U.S. federal, state, local and foreign income taxes, other tax matters and related tax returns. We have joint and several liability with Orbital ATK to the IRS for the consolidated U.S. federal income taxes of the Orbital ATK consolidated group relating to the taxable periods in which we were part of that group. However, the Tax Matters Agreement specifies the portion, if any, of this tax liability for which we bear responsibility, and Orbital ATK agrees to indemnify us against any amounts for which we are not responsible. The Tax Matters Agreement also provides special rules for allocating tax liabilities in the event that the Spin-Off is determined not to be tax-free. Though valid between the parties, the Tax Matters Agreement is not binding on the IRS.

The allocation of tax liabilities for the period from April 1, 2014 through the date of the Spin-Off was settled on June 15, 2018. Orbital ATK paid Vista Outdoor $13,047 to settle this matter, which was reflected as an adjustment to the distribution from Vista Outdoor to Orbital ATK at the time of the Spin-Off.

Prior to the Spin-Off, Orbital ATK or one of its subsidiaries filed income tax returns in the U.S. federal and various U.S. state jurisdictions that included Vista Outdoor. In addition, certain of our subsidiaries filed income tax returns in foreign jurisdictions. Since the Spin-Off, we file income tax returns in the U.S. federal, foreign and various U.S. state jurisdictions. With a few exceptions, Orbital ATK and its subsidiaries and Vista are no longer subject to U.S. federal, state and local, or foreign income tax examinations by tax authorities prior to 2011. The IRS has completed the audits of Orbital ATK through fiscal 2014 and is currently auditing Orbital ATK's tax return for fiscal 2015. The IRS has also completed the audit of our tax return for the period that began after the Spin-Off (February 9, 2015) and ended on March 31, 2015. We believe appropriate provisions for all outstanding issues relating to our portion of these returns have been made for all remaining open years in all jurisdictions.

Income taxes paid, net of refunds, totaled $3,780 and $(18,060) for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
Although the timing and outcome of income tax audit settlements are uncertain, it is reasonably possible that a $7,318 reduction of the uncertain tax benefits will occur in the next 12 months. The settlement of these unrecognized tax benefits could result in earnings from $0 to $6,565.
16. Contingencies
Litigation—From time to time, we are subject to various legal proceedings, including lawsuits, which arise out of, and are incidental to, the conduct of our business. We do not consider any of such proceedings that are currently pending, individually or in the aggregate to be material to our business or likely to result in a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition, or cash flows.
Environmental liabilities—Our operations and ownership or use of real property are subject to a number of federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations, as well as applicable foreign laws and regulations, including those governing the discharge of hazardous materials, remediation of contaminated sites, and restoration of damage to the environment. We are

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obligated to conduct investigation and/or remediation activities at certain sites that we own or operate or formerly owned or operated.
We have been identified as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”), along with other parties, in regulatory agency actions associated with hazardous waste sites. As a PRP, we may be required to pay a share of the costs of the investigation and clean-up of these sites. While uncertainties exist with respect to the amounts and timing of the ultimate environmental liabilities, based on currently available information, we have concluded that these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition, or cash flows. We have recorded a liability for environmental remediation of $729 and $731 as of December 30, 2018 and March 31, 2018, respectively.
We could incur substantial additional costs, including cleanup costs, resource restoration, fines, and penalties or third-party property damage or personal injury claims, as a result of violations or liabilities under environmental laws or non-compliance with environmental permits. While environmental laws and regulations have not had a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition, or cash flows in the past, and we have environmental management programs in place to mitigate these risks, it is difficult to predict whether they will have a material impact in the future.
17. Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements
    
In accordance with the provisions of the 5.875% Notes, the outstanding notes are guaranteed on an unsecured basis, jointly and severally and fully and unconditionally, by substantially all of Vista Outdoor domestic subsidiaries and by Advanced Arrow S. de R.L. de C.V. and Hydrosport, S. de R.L. de C.V. The parent company has no independent assets or operations. All of these guarantor subsidiaries are 100% owned by Vista Outdoor and any subsidiaries of the parent company other than the subsidiary guarantors are minor. These guarantees are senior or senior subordinated obligations, as applicable, of the applicable subsidiary guarantors.

18. Operating Segment Information
We operate our business structure within two operating segments, which are defined based on the reporting and review process used by the chief operating decision maker, our Chief Executive Officer. Management reviews the operating segments based on net sales and gross profit. Certain significant selling and general and administrative expenses are not allocated to the segments. In addition, certain significant asset balances are not readily identifiable with individual segments and therefore cannot be allocated. Each segment is described below: 
Outdoor Products generated approximately 50% of our external sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018. The Outdoor Products product lines are action sports, archery/hunting accessories, camping, sport protection products, golf, hydration products, optics, shooting accessories, tactical products and water sports. Action sports includes helmets, goggles, and accessories for cycling, snow sports, action sports and powersports. Archery/hunting accessories include high-performance hunting arrows, game calls, hunting blinds, and game cameras. Camping products include our outdoor cooking solutions. Golf products include laser rangefinders. Hydration products include hydration packs and water bottles. Optics products include binoculars, riflescopes and telescopes. Shooting accessories products include reloading equipment, clay targets, and premium gun care products. Tactical products include holsters, duty gear, bags and packs. Water sports products include stand up paddle boards.
Shooting Sports generated approximately 50% of our external sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018. Shooting Sports product lines include centerfire ammunition, rimfire ammunition, shotshell ammunition, reloading components, and firearms.
Sales to Walmart represented 14% and 14% of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. No other single customer contributed 10% or more of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

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The following summarizes our results by segment:
 
 
Quarter ended
 
Nine months ended
 
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Sales to external customers:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outdoor Products
 
$
226,442

 
$
294,878

 
$
769,687

 
$
876,489

Shooting Sports
 
241,329

 
286,326

 
773,505

 
860,747

Total sales to external customers
 
$
467,771

 
$
581,204

 
$
1,543,192

 
$
1,737,236

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outdoor Products
 
$
54,143

 
$
74,175

 
$
186,759

 
$
226,293

Shooting Sports
 
40,095

 
51,986

 
129,577

 
185,645

Corporate
 
(2
)
 
(56
)
 
(5
)
 
(298
)
Total gross profit
 
$
94,236

 
$
126,105

 
$
316,331

 
$
411,640

The sales above exclude intercompany sales between Outdoor Products and Shooting Sports of $1,749 and $1,946 for the quarters ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The sales above exclude intercompany sales between Outdoor Products and Shooting Sports of $5,530 and $4,198 for the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

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19. Subsequent Events

The Company has evaluated events as of December 30, 2018 through February 7, 2019, the date these financial statements are issued, and has determined that there were no subsequent events that require disclosure.

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ITEM 2.    MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollar amounts in thousands unless otherwise indicated)
Forward-Looking Information is Subject to Risk and Uncertainty
Some of the statements made and information contained in this report, excluding historical information, are "forward-looking statements," including those that discuss, among other things: our plans, objectives, expectations, intentions, strategies, goals, outlook or other non-historical matters; projections with respect to future revenues, income, earnings per share or other financial measures for Vista Outdoor; and the assumptions that underlie these matters. The words "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "aim," "should" and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. To the extent that any such information is forward-looking, it is intended to fit within the safe harbor for forward-looking information provided by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Numerous risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from expectations described in such forward-looking statements, including the following:

general economic and business conditions in the United States and our markets outside the United States, including conditions affecting employment levels, consumer confidence and spending, conditions in the retail environment, and other economic conditions affecting demand for our products and the financial health of our customers;
our ability to attract and retain key personnel and maintain and grow our relationships with customers, suppliers, and other business partners, including our ability to obtain acceptable third-party licenses;
our ability to adapt our products to changes in technology, the marketplace and customer preferences, including our ability to respond to shifting preferences of the end consumer from brick and mortar retail to online retail;
our ability to maintain and enhance brand recognition and reputation;
others' use of social media to disseminate negative commentary about us and boycotts;
reductions in or unexpected changes in or our inability to accurately forecast demand for ammunition, firearms or accessories, or other outdoor sports and recreation products;
risks associated with our sales to significant retail customers, including unexpected cancellations, delays, and other changes to purchase orders;
supplier capacity constraints, production disruptions or quality or price issues affecting our operating costs;
our competitive environment;
risks associated with diversification into new international and commercial markets, including regulatory compliance;
changes in the current tariff structures;
the supply, availability and costs of raw materials and components;
increases in commodity, energy, and production costs;
changes in laws, rules and regulations relating to our business, such as federal and state firearms and ammunition regulations;
our ability to realize expected benefits from acquisitions and integrate acquired businesses;
our ability to execute our strategic transformation plan, including our ability to realize expected benefits from the divestiture of non-core brands and profitability improvement initiatives;
our ability to take advantage of growth opportunities in international and commercial markets;
foreign currency exchange rates and fluctuations in those rates;
the outcome of contingencies, including with respect to litigation and other proceedings relating to intellectual property, product liability, warranty liability, personal injury, and environmental remediation;
risks associated with cybersecurity and other industrial and physical security threats;
capital market volatility and the availability of financing;
changes to accounting standards or policies; and
changes in tax rules or pronouncements.

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You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements we make. A more detailed description of risk factors that may affect our operating results can be found in Part 1, Item 1A, Risk Factors, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2018 and in the filings we make with the SEC from time to time. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as otherwise required by law.
Executive Summary
We serve the outdoor sports and recreation markets through a diverse portfolio of over 45 well-recognized brands that provide consumers with a wide range of performance-driven, high-quality and innovative products, including sporting ammunition and firearms, golf rangefinders, hydration products, outdoor accessories, outdoor cooking solutions, outdoor sports optics, and protection for certain action sports. We serve a broad range of end consumers, including outdoor enthusiasts, hunters and recreational shooters, athletes, as well as law enforcement and military professionals. Our products are sold through a wide variety of mass, specialty and independent retailers and distributors, such as Academy, Amazon, Bass Pro Shops/Cabela's, Big Rock Sports, Dick's Sporting Goods, Sports South, Sportsman's Warehouse, Target, United Sporting Companies, and Walmart. We also sell certain of our products directly to consumers through the relevant brand's website. We have a scalable, integrated portfolio of brands that allows us to leverage our deep customer knowledge, product development and innovation, supply chain and distribution, and sales and marketing functions across product categories to better serve our retail partners and end users.
As of December 30, 2018, we operated in two business segments. These operating segments are defined based on the reporting and review process used by the chief operating decision maker, our Chief Executive Officer. As of December 30, 2018, our two operating segments were:
Outdoor Products generated approximately 50% of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018. The Outdoor Products product lines are action sports, archery/hunting accessories, camping, sport protection products, golf, hydration products, optics, shooting accessories, tactical products and water sports. Action sports includes helmets, goggles, and accessories for cycling, snow sports, action sports and powersports. Archery/hunting accessories include high-performance hunting arrows, game calls, hunting blinds, and game cameras. Camping products include our outdoor cooking solutions. Golf products include laser rangefinders. Hydration products include hydration packs and water bottles. Optics products include binoculars, riflescopes and telescopes. Shooting accessories products include reloading equipment, clay targets, and premium gun care products. Tactical products include holsters, duty gear, bags and packs. Water sports products include stand up paddle boards.
Shooting Sports generated approximately 50% of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018. Shooting Sports product lines include centerfire ammunition, rimfire ammunition, shotshell ammunition, reloading components, and firearms.
On May 1, 2018, we announced our strategic business transformation plan, designed to allow us to focus our resources on pursuing growth in our core product categories. The plan is a result of a comprehensive evaluation of the brands within our current portfolio based on their ability to serve our target consumer; create cross-selling and other similar synergy opportunities; achieve market leading positions and leadership economics; and demonstrate omni-channel distribution capabilities. As a result of this evaluation, Vista Outdoor will focus on achieving growth through its market-leading brands in ammunition, hunting and shooting accessories, hydration bottles and packs, and outdoor cooking products.
We are exploring strategic options for assets that fall outside of these core product categories, including our Savage and Stevens firearms, Jimmy Styks paddle boards, and Action Sports brands (e.g. Bell, Giro, and Blackburn). We expect that the execution of our strategic plan will reduce our leverage, improve our financial flexibility and the efficiency of our capital structure, and provide additional resources to reinvest in core product categories, both organically and through acquisition. On August 31, 2018, the Company completed the sale of its Bollé, Serengeti, and Cébé brands (the "Eyewear Brands").
Financial Highlights and Notable Events
Certain notable events or activities affecting our fiscal 2019 financial results included the following:
Financial highlights for the quarter ended December 30, 2018
Quarterly sales were $467,771 and $581,204 for the quarters ended December 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively. The decrease was driven by lower Outdoor Products sales of $68,436 and by lower Shooting Sports sales of $44,997 for the reasons described in the Results of Operations section.


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Gross profit was $94,236 and $126,105 for the quarters ended December 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively. The decrease in gross profit was primarily due to the sale of the Eyewear Brands and by lower sales volumes described in the Results of Operations section.

The firearms business was classified as held for sale during the quarter end December 30, 2018 resulting in an impairment charge of $83,854 in the fiscal quarter.

$432,612 pre-tax impairment charge ($327,772 impairment to goodwill and $104,840 impairment to intangible assets) was recorded during the fiscal quarter.

The increase in the current quarter's tax rate to 3.4% from (725.3)% in the quarter ended December 31, 2017, primarily as a result of the income tax effects of Tax Legislation in the prior year quarter and the impact of the nondeductible impairment charges in the current quarter.

Other notable events affecting fiscal 2019

On November 19, 2018, we refinanced our Amended and Restated Credit Agreement dated April 1, 2016, which consisted of a $200,000 revolving credit facility and a $400,000 term loan A, by entering into new credit facilities (collectively, the “New Credit Facilities”) consisting of (a) a $450,000 senior secured asset-based revolving credit facility (the “ABL Revolving Credit Facility”), comprised of $20,000 in first-in, last-out (“FILO”) revolving credit commitments and $430,000 in non-FILO revolving credit commitments, (b) a $109,343 senior secured asset-based term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) and (c) a $40,000 junior secured term loan facility (the “Junior Term Loan”).
Outlook

Outdoor Recreation Industry

The outdoor recreation industry represents a large and growing focus area of our business. During the past and current fiscal years, we have seen a challenging retail environment as evidenced by recent bankruptcies and the consolidation of certain of our customers. This challenging retail environment has been driven by a shift in consumer preferences to online platforms. We believe the fragmented nature of the outdoor recreation industry, combined with retail and consumer overlap with our existing businesses, present attractive growth opportunities. We hold a strong competitive position in the marketplace, and we intend to further differentiate our brands through focused R&D and marketing investments including increased use of social media and revamping our brand websites as we strive to become our customers’ brand of choice in their respective outdoor recreation activities. Growing market share will continue to be a focus as we execute our strategy of market segmentation by brand and channel. We anticipate introducing new products to accomplish this goal. We are continuing to expand our e-commerce presence to capitalize on the ongoing shift by consumers to online shopping and are leveraging the experience from our acquisitions to drive growth across business-to-business, dot com, dropship, and direct-to-consumer channels.

Shooting Sports Industry

Shooting sports related products currently represent approximately half of our sales. We design, develop, manufacture, and source ammunition, long guns and related equipment products. Among these categories, we derive the largest portion of our sales from ammunition, which is a consumable, repeat purchase product. During late fiscal 2015 and continuing into fiscal 2016, firearms and ammunition sales experienced an increase as more individuals entered the market and certain public and political events provided focus on the industry. During the later months of fiscal 2017 and continuing into fiscal 2019, we believe the market softened primarily due to the current political environment. The shooting sports industry historically has been a cyclical business with previous market declines lasting 12–24 months. The current political climate, the timing of national elections, and other market factors may cause the current market downturn to last longer than prior cycles. In addition, commodity prices have risen over recent years increasing input costs of our products. Given these market conditions, we are taking actions to work with vendors to evaluate our cost structure. We believe we are well positioned to succeed in a difficult shooting sports market, given our scale and global operating platform, which we believe is difficult to replicate in the highly regulated and capital-intensive ammunition manufacturing sector.

Critical Accounting Estimates

There have been no material changes to the Company's critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2018, except for the following:


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The Company adopted the new accounting standard on revenue recognition, Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which became effective on April 1, 2018. The adoption of this new standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In August 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. ASU 2017-12 amends existing guidance to better align an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships. ASU 2017-12 also expands and refines hedge accounting for both nonfinancial and financial risk components and aligns the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. The standard allows for early adoption. As of September 30, 2018, we elected to early adopt this standard, which did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

Accounting for goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles:
Under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we are required to assess the fair value of our reporting units in the event we determine, based on our assessment of various qualitative factors, that a triggering event has occurred indicating that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the book value of such reporting unit on our balance sheet. Once we determine that a triggering event has occurred, we then assess the fair value of our reporting units using both income and market-based approaches. In determining the fair value of a reporting unit, the estimated value of the reporting unit under the income-based approach is weighted equally with the reporting unit’s estimated value under the market-based approach.
Under the income-based approach, the fair value of a reporting unit is estimated using a discounted cash flow model that requires us to make significant estimates based on our judgment regarding future revenues and expenses, projected capital expenditures, changes in working capital, and the appropriate discount rate.
Under the the-market based approach, we estimate the fair value of a reporting unit as the sale price that we could reasonably expect to realize from the sale of the reporting unit. In estimating this sale price, we reference valuation multiples implied by the trading price of the common stock of comparable publicly-traded companies selected based on our judgment, as well as the purchase price paid by the acquirer in sale transactions involving comparable companies selected based on our judgment.
The trading price of our common stock declined significantly in the quarter ended December 30, 2018, increasing the difference between the market value of Vista Outdoor equity and the book value of the assets recorded on our balance sheet and implying that investors’ may believe that the fair value of our reporting units is lower than their book value. In addition, as a result of a weaker than expected 2018 holiday shopping season and increasing uncertainty from the impact of retail bankruptcies, tariffs and other factors affecting the market for our products, we reduced our sales projections for fiscal year 2020 and beyond for a number of our reporting units for purposes of our long-range financial plan, which is updated annually beginning in our third quarter. As a result of these factors, we determined that a triggering event had occurred during the quarter with respect to our Hunting and Shooting Accessories, Outdoor Recreation, and Action Sports reporting units, which required that we assess the fair value of these reporting units using the income-based and market-based approaches described above.
As a result of this assessment, during the quarter ended December 30, 2018, Vista Outdoor recorded a $429,395 impairment of goodwill and identifiable indefinite-lived intangible assets related to our Hunting and Shooting Accessories, Outdoor Recreation, and Action Sports reporting units. In each impaired reporting unit, our estimate of fair value was negatively impacted by the lower projected sales described above, resulting in reduced cash flows for those businesses in fiscal year 2020 and beyond. Our estimates of the fair values of these reporting units was also significantly reduced by increases in prevailing interest rates, which required that we apply a higher discount rate in the income-based valuation approach, and by lower valuation multiples implied by recent trading prices for the common stock of comparable publicly traded companies, which required that we apply lower valuation multiples in estimating the fair value of these reporting units using the market-based approach.
The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Hunting and Shooting Accessories reporting unit was $38,386. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is no remaining goodwill in our Hunting and Shooting Accessories reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $36,223 impairment related to our Bushnell, Outers, Champion, and Weaver's tradenames. We determined the fair values of the indefinite-lived tradenames using royalty rates ranging from 1.0% to 2.0%.


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The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Outdoor Recreation reporting unit was $129,470. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is $121,329 of remaining goodwill in our Outdoor Recreation reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $43,400 impairment related to our CamelBak tradename. We determined the fair value of the indefinite-lived tradename using a royalty rate of 2.00%.

The excess carrying amount over fair value, and resulting goodwill impairment, in our Action Sports reporting unit was $159,916. As a result of the goodwill impairment, there is no remaining goodwill in our Action Sports reporting unit. To determine the fair value under the income approach, we used, based on our judgment, a discount rate of 9% and a terminal growth rate of 3%. During the quarter ended December 30, 2018, we also performed an interim test for indefinite-lived tradename impairment and recorded a $22,000 impairment related to our Giro tradename. We determined the fair value of the indefinite-lived tradenames using royalty rates ranging from 1.0% to 1.5%.

We evaluated our other reporting unit and concluded that the fair value exceeded the carrying amount.
Results of Operations
The following information should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements. The key performance indicators that our management uses in managing the business are sales, gross profit, and cash flows.

Segment total net sales, cost of sales, and gross profit exclude intersegment sales and profit.
Sales
Sales to Walmart represented 14% and 14% of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. No other single customer contributed 10% or more of our sales in the nine months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
The following is a summary of each operating segment's sales:
 
Quarter ended
 
Nine months ended
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
$ Change
 
% Change
 
December 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
$ Change
 
% Change