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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
þ    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 31, 2018
or 
☐    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-35624
INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
North Dakota
45-0311232
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
1400 31st Avenue SW, Suite 60, Post Office Box 1988, Minot, ND 58702-1988
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(701) 837-4738
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.
Yes þ
No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes þ
No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer þ
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller Reporting Company ☐
Emerging growth company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐
No þ
The number of common shares of beneficial interest outstanding as of December 3, 2018, was 119,709,471.
 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
 
 
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - SECOND QUARTER - FISCAL 2019
INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
October 31, 2018
 
April 30, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate investments
 
 
 
Property owned
$
1,638,072

 
$
1,669,764

Less accumulated depreciation
(345,015
)
 
(311,324
)
 
1,293,057

 
1,358,440

Unimproved land
6,522

 
11,476

Mortgage loans receivable
10,530

 
10,329

Total real estate investments
1,310,109

 
1,380,245

Cash and cash equivalents
12,777

 
11,891

Restricted cash
5,085

 
4,225

Other assets
29,769

 
30,297

TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,357,740

 
$
1,426,658

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS, AND EQUITY
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
27,920

 
29,018

Revolving line of credit
69,500

 
124,000

Term loans, net of unamortized loan costs of $1,044 and $486, respectively
143,956

 
69,514

Mortgages payable, net of unamortized loan costs of $1,865 and $2,221, respectively
447,549

 
509,919

TOTAL LIABILITIES
$
688,925

 
$
732,451

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 6)

 

REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS – CONSOLIDATED REAL ESTATE ENTITIES
6,078

 
6,644

EQUITY
 
 
 
Series C Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest (Cumulative redeemable preferred shares, no par value, $25 per share liquidation preference, 4,118 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, aggregate liquidation preference of $102,971)
99,456

 
99,456

Common Shares of Beneficial Interest (Unlimited authorization, no par value, 119,727 shares issued and outstanding at October 31, 2018 and 119,526 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2018)
900,526

 
900,097

Accumulated distributions in excess of net income
(416,819
)
 
(395,669
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
$
3,321

 
$
1,779

Total shareholders’ equity
586,484

 
605,663

Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership (13,678 units at October 31, 2018 and 14,099 units at April 30, 2018)
69,334

 
73,012

Noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
6,919

 
8,888

Total equity
$
662,737

 
$
687,563

TOTAL LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS, AND EQUITY
$
1,357,740

 
$
1,426,658

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)

 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Six Months Ended October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUE
$
45,638

 
$
41,866

 
$
91,584

 
$
82,844

EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes
14,247

 
14,108

 
28,706

 
26,982

Real estate taxes
5,089

 
4,610

 
10,159

 
9,263

Property management expense
1,319

 
1,372

 
2,686

 
2,728

Casualty loss
225

 
115

 
450

 
600

Depreciation and amortization
19,191

 
17,270

 
37,803

 
42,608

Impairment of real estate investments

 

 

 
256

General and administrative expenses
3,374

 
3,118

 
7,244

 
7,120

TOTAL EXPENSES
$
43,445

 
$
40,593

 
$
87,048

 
$
89,557

Operating income (loss)
2,193

 
1,273

 
4,536

 
(6,713
)
Interest expense
(7,997
)
 
(8,509
)
 
(16,382
)
 
(16,640
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(4
)
 
(334
)
 
(556
)
 
(533
)
Interest income
410

 
199

 
891

 
220

Other income
19

 
56

 
54

 
263

Income (loss) before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income (loss) from discontinued operations
(5,379
)
 
(7,315
)
 
(11,457
)
 
(23,403
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate and other investments
(232
)
 
5,324

 
8,992

 
5,448

Income (loss) from continuing operations
(5,611
)
 
(1,991
)
 
(2,465
)
 
(17,955
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations

 
15,130

 
570

 
17,815

NET INCOME (LOSS)
$
(5,611
)
 
$
13,139

 
$
(1,895
)
 
$
(140
)
Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
722

 
(773
)
 
587

 
871

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
331

 
455

 
(334
)
 
826

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
(4,558
)
 
12,821

 
(1,642
)
 
1,557

Dividends to preferred shareholders
(1,706
)
 
(2,812
)
 
(3,411
)
 
(5,098
)
Redemption of preferred shares

 
(3,649
)
 

 
(3,649
)
NET INCOME (LOSS) AVAILABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS
$
(6,264
)
 
$
6,360

 
$
(5,053
)
 
$
(7,190
)
Earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations – basic and diluted
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Earnings (loss) per common share from discontinued operations – basic and diluted

 
$
0.11

 

 
0.13

NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC & DILUTED
$
(0.05
)
 
$
0.05

 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.06
)
DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE
$
0.07

 
$
0.07

 
$
0.14

 
$
0.14

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)


 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Six Months Ended October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income (loss)
$
(5,611
)
 
$
13,139

 
$
(1,895
)
 
$
(140
)
Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) from derivative instrument
1,333

 

 
1,542

 

(Gain) loss on derivative instrument reclassified into earnings
90

 

 
119

 

Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
(4,188
)
 
$
13,139

 
$
(234
)
 
$
(140
)
Net comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
585

 
(733
)
 
428

 
871

Net comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
331

 
455

 
(334
)
 
826

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
$
(3,272
)
 
$
12,861

 
$
(140
)
 
$
1,557


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


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INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (unaudited)

 
 
 
 
PREFERRED
SHARES
NUMBER
OF
COMMON
SHARES
 
COMMON
SHARES
 
ACCUMULATED
DISTRIBUTIONS
IN EXCESS OF
NET INCOME
 
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
NONREDEEMABLE
NONCONTROLLING
INTERESTS
 
TOTAL
EQUITY
Balance April 30, 2017
$
111,357

121,199

 
$
908,905

 
$
(466,541
)
 

 
$
82,437

 
$
636,158

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
1,557

 
 
 
(1,328
)
 
229

Distributions – common shares and units
 
 
 
 
 
(16,881
)
 
 
 
(2,089
)
 
(18,970
)
Distributions – Series B preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(4,571
)
 
 
 
 
 
(4,571
)
Distributions – Series C preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(527
)
 
 
 
 
 
(527
)
Shares issued and share-based compensation
 

75

 
844

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
844

Series C preferred shares issued
99,467

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
99,467

Redemption of units for cash
 



 


 
 
 
 
 
(5,982
)
 
(5,982
)
Shares repurchased
(111,357
)
(1,080
)
 
(6,253
)
 
(3,649
)
 
 
 
 
 
(121,259
)
Contributions from nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
239

 
239

Distributions to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(41
)
 
(41
)
Other
 
(5
)
 
(29
)
 
 
 
 
 


 
(29
)
Balance October 31, 2017
$
99,467

120,189

 
$
903,467

 
$
(490,612
)
 

 
$
73,236

 
$
585,558

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance April 30, 2018
$
99,456

119,526

 
$
900,097

 
$
(395,669
)
 
$
1,779

 
$
81,900

 
$
687,563

Cumulative adjustment upon adoption of ASC 606 and ASC 610-20
 
 
 
 
 
627

 
 
 
 
 
627

Balance on May 1, 2018
$
99,456

119,526

 
$
900,097

 
$
(395,042
)
 
$
1,779

 
$
81,900

 
$
688,190

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
(1,642
)
 
 
 
79

 
(1,563
)
Other comprehensive income - derivative instrument
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,542

 
 
 
1,542

Distributions – common shares and units
 
 
 
 
 
(16,724
)
 
 
 
(1,960
)
 
(18,684
)
Distributions – Series C preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(3,411
)
 
 
 
 
 
(3,411
)
Shares issued and share-based compensation
 

27

 
777

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
777

Redemption of units for common shares


331

 
649

 
 
 
 
 
(649
)
 

Redemption of units for cash
 

 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
(482
)
 
(482
)
Shares repurchased


(119
)
 
(615
)
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
(615
)
Distributions to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,374
)
 
(2,374
)
Other
 

(38
)
 
(382
)
 
 
 
 
 
(261
)
 
(643
)
Balance October 31, 2018
$
99,456

119,727

 
$
900,526

 
$
(416,819
)
 
$
3,321

 
$
76,253

 
$
662,737

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)

 
(in thousands)
 
Six Months Ended
October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
$
(1,895
)
 
$
(140
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization, including amortization of capitalized loan costs
38,522

 
43,176

Depreciation and amortization from discontinued operations, including amortization of capitalized loan costs

 
7,077

(Gain) loss on sale of real estate, land, other investments and discontinued operations
(9,562
)
 
(17,686
)
Share-based compensation expense
580

 
751

Other, net
956

 
1,164

Changes in other assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Other assets
(725
)
 
(1,853
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(662
)
 
(4,756
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
27,214

 
$
27,733

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Principal proceeds on mortgage loans receivable
425

 

Increase in notes receivable
(736
)
 
(6,126
)
Proceeds from sale of discontinued operations

 
35,775

Proceeds from sale of real estate and other investments
52,156

 
18,039

Insurance proceeds received
1,266

 
530

Payments for acquisitions of real estate assets
(837
)
 
(154,122
)
Payments for development and re-development of real estate assets

 
(2,817
)
Payments for improvements of real estate assets
(8,547
)
 
(10,178
)
Payments for improvements of real estate assets from discontinued operations

 
(803
)
Net cash provided by (used by) investing activities
$
43,727

 
$
(119,702
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Principal payments on mortgages payable, including prepayment penalties
(63,481
)
 
(52,143
)
Proceeds from revolving lines of credit
53,017

 
293,350

Principal payments on revolving lines of credit
(107,517
)
 
(102,900
)
Proceeds from term loan
74,352

 

Proceeds from construction debt

 
3,124

Payment on financing liability

 
(7,900
)
Repurchase of common shares
(615
)
 
(6,253
)
Proceeds from issuance of Series C preferred shares, net of issue costs

 
99,467

Repurchase of Series B preferred shares

 
(115,005
)
Repurchase of partnership units
(482
)
 
(5,982
)
Distributions paid to common shareholders
(16,724
)
 
(16,881
)
Distributions paid to preferred shareholders
(3,411
)
 
(5,333
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests – Unitholders of the Operating Partnership
(1,960
)
 
(2,089
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
(2,374
)
 
(40
)
Net cash provided by (used by) financing activities
$
(69,195
)
 
$
81,415

NET INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
1,746

 
(10,554
)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
16,116

 
56,800

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH AT END OF PERIOD
$
17,862

 
$
46,246

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited, continued)
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Six Months Ended
October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
SUPPLEMENTARY SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Operating partnership units converted to shares
$
649

 
$

Decrease to accounts payable included within real estate investments
(329
)
 
(2,106
)
Notes and accounts receivable converted to equity
670

 

Construction debt reclassified to mortgages payable

 
23,300

 
 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 

 
 

Cash paid for interest
$
17,059

 
$
17,122

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017
NOTE 1 • ORGANIZATION 
Investors Real Estate Trust, collectively with our consolidated subsidiaries (“IRET,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), is a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) focused on the ownership, management, acquisition, redevelopment, and development of apartment communities. As of October 31, 2018, we owned interests in 87 apartment communities consisting of 13,702 apartment homes.
NOTE 2 • BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
We conduct a majority of our business activities through our consolidated operating partnership, IRET Properties, A North Dakota Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), as well as through a number of other consolidated subsidiary entities. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of all our subsidiaries in which we maintain a controlling interest, including the Operating Partnership. All intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Our fiscal year currently ends on April 30. On September 20, 2018, our Board of Trustees approved a change in our fiscal year-end, beginning January 1, 2019, from April 30 to December 31. We will file a transition report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2018, in accordance with SEC rules and regulations, and all subsequent fiscal years, beginning in 2019, will be from January 1 to December 31. Our Sixth Restated Trustee's Regulations (Bylaws) reflecting this change in fiscal year-end is attached hereto as Exhibit 3.3.
The condensed consolidated financial statements also reflect the Operating Partnership's ownership of certain joint venture entities in which the Operating Partnership has a general partner or controlling interest. These entities are consolidated into our operations, with noncontrolling interests reflecting the noncontrolling partners’ share of ownership, income, and expenses.
PRIOR PERIOD FINANCIAL STATEMENT CORRECTION OF AN IMMATERIAL MISSTATEMENT
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, we identified certain adjustments required to correct balances within total equity related to noncontrolling interests in our joint venture entities. Related to our acquisition of additional ownership interest in the joint venture entities, noncontrolling interest - consolidated real estate entities was understated and common shares of beneficial interest was overstated beginning in fiscal year 2017. The adjustments did not impact total assets, total liabilities, revenue, net income, net income available to common shareholders, number of common shares, or earnings per share.
Based on an analysis of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 250 - “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections” (“ASC 250”), Staff Accounting Bulletin 99 - “Materiality” (“SAB 99”) and Staff Accounting Bulletin 108 - "Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements" (“SAB 108”), we determined that these errors were immaterial to the previously-issued financial statements. The misstatement was corrected in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of April 30, 2018 and the condensed consolidated statements of equity as of April 30, 2017, October 31, 2017 and April 30, 2018.
The effect of these revisions on our condensed consolidated balance sheet is as follows:
 
(in thousands)
 
As previously reported at April 30, 2018
 
Adjustment
As revised at April 30, 2018
Common shares of beneficial interest
$
907,843

 
$
(7,746
)
$
900,097

Noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities
1,078

 
7,810

8,888

Redeemable noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities
6,708

 
(64
)
6,644

The effect of these revisions on our condensed consolidated statements of equity is as follows:
 
(in thousands)
 
As previously reported at April 30, 2017
 
Adjustment
As revised at April 30, 2017
Common shares of beneficial interest
$
916,121

 
$
(7,216
)
$
908,905

Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
75,157

 
7,280

82,437


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(in thousands)
 
As previously reported at October 31, 2017
 
Adjustment
As revised at October 31, 2017
Common shares of beneficial interest
$
910,683

 
$
(7,216
)
$
903,467

Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
65,956

 
7,280

73,236

 
(in thousands)
 
As previously reported at April 30, 2018
 
Adjustment
As revised at April 30, 2018
Common shares of beneficial interest
$
907,843

 
$
(7,746
)
$
900,097

Nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
74,090

 
7,810

81,900

UNAUDITED INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Our interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP are omitted. The year-end balance sheet data was derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods, have been included.
The current period’s results of operations are not necessarily indicative of results which ultimately may be achieved for the year. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2018, as filed with the SEC on June 28, 2018.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
TAX CUTS AND JOBS ACT OF 2017
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 was passed on December 22, 2017. This Act includes a number of changes to the corporate income tax system, including (1) a reduction in the statutory federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for non-REIT “C” corporations, (2) changes to deductions for certain pass-through business income, and (3) potential limitations on interest expense, depreciation, and the deductibility of executive compensation. As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at the corporate level and do not believe that any of the changes from the 2017 Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2007 will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. However, the impact of this Act is not yet fully known, and there can be no assurance that it will not have an adverse impact on our results of operations.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
The following table provides a brief description of recent accounting standards updates (“ASUs”).

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Standard
Description
Date of Adoption
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU 2014-09,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers
This ASU will eliminate the transaction- and industry-specific revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP and replace it with a principle-based approach for determining revenue recognition. The standard outlines a five-step model whereby revenue is recognized as performance obligations within a contract are satisfied.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, as a result of a deferral of the effective date arising from the issuance of ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Deferral of the Effective Date. We adopted the new standard effective May 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach.
The majority of our revenue is derived from rental income, which is scoped out from this standard and will be accounted for under ASC 840, Leases. Our other revenue streams, which were evaluated under this ASU, include but are not limited to other income from residents determined not to be within the scope of ASC 840 and gains and losses from real estate dispositions. Refer to the Revenues section below for information regarding the impact of adopting the standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2016-02, Leases
This ASU amends existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including by requiring lessees to recognize most leases on the balance sheet and making certain changes to lessor accounting.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted.
We expect our residential leases, where we are the lessor, will continue to be accounted for as operating leases under the new standard. As a result, we do not expect significant changes in the accounting for lease revenue. For leases where we are the lessee, we will recognize a right of use asset and related lease liability on our consolidated balance sheets upon adoption. We are continuing to evaluate the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments
This ASU addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing diversity in practice.  The cash flow issues include debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs and proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims.
This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted the new standard effective May 1, 2018.
The standard requires we present combined inflows and outflows of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash in the consolidated statement of cash flows. See additional disclosures regarding the required change below.
ASU 2017-05, Other Income – Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets
This ASU clarifies the definition of an in-substance nonfinancial asset and changes the accounting for partial sales of nonfinancial assets to be more consistent with the accounting for a sale of a business pursuant to ASU 2017-01.  This ASU allows for either a retrospective or modified retrospective approach.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. We adopted the new standard effective May 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach.
Refer to the Revenues section below for information regarding the impact of adopting the standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases
This ASU was issued to increase shareholders' awareness of narrow aspects of the guidance issued in the amendments and to expedite the improvements under ASU 2016-02.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements
This ASU allows lessors to account for lease and non-lease components, by class of underlying assets, as a single lease component if certain criteria are met. The new standard also indicates that companies are permitted to recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption in lieu of the modified retrospective approach and provides other practical expedients.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.


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Standard
Description
Date of Adoption
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurements (Topic 820) - Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirement for Fair Value Measurements
This ASU eliminates certain disclosure requirements affecting all levels of measurement, and modifies and adds new disclosure requirements for Level 3 measurements.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our disclosures.
ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software (Topic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract
This ASU reduces the complexity for the accounting for costs of implementing a cloud computing service arrangement. The standard aligns various requirements for capitalizing implementation costs.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted.

We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.
RECLASSIFICATIONS
Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current financial statement presentation. These reclassifications had no impact on net income as reported in the condensed consolidated statement of operations, total assets, liabilities, or equity as reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and total shareholders' equity. We report in discontinued operations the results of operations and the related gains or losses of properties that have either been disposed or classified as held for sale and for which the disposition represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on our operations and financial results.
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND RESTRICTED CASH
Effective May 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments which affects the presentation and disclosure of the statements of cash flows. Previously our consolidated statements of cash flows presented transfers between restricted cash and unrestricted cash as operating, financing, and investing cash activities based upon the required or intended purpose for the restricted cash. We revised our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended October 31, 2017 to conform to this presentation, and the effect of the revisions to net cash flows from operating and investing activities as previously reported for the six months ended October 31, 2017 are summarized in the following table:

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(in thousands)
 
As previously reported
 
Impact of ASU
 
As adjusted and currently reported
 
October 31, 2017
 
2016-15
 
October 31, 2017
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
26,932

 
$
801

 
$
27,733

Net cash provided by (used by) investing activities
(95,112
)
 
(24,590
)
 
(119,702
)
Net cash provided by (used by) financing activities
81,825

 
(410
)
 
81,415

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents
13,645

 
(13,645
)
 

Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 
(10,554
)
 
(10,554
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
28,819

 
(28,819
)
 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

 
56,800

 
56,800

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
42,464

 

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period
 
 
$
3,782

 
$
46,246

 
(in thousands)
Balance sheet description
October 31, 2018
 
October 31, 2017
Cash and cash equivalents
12,777

 
42,464

Restricted cash
5,085

 
3,782

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
17,862

 
46,246

As of October 31, 2018, restricted cash consisted of $5.1 million of escrows held by lenders for real estate taxes, insurance, and capital additions.
REVENUES
We adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, as of May 1, 2018. We elected to apply the new standard to contracts that are not complete as of May 1, 2018. We also elected to omit disclosing the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less. Under the new standard, revenue is recognized in accordance with the transfer of goods and services to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration the company expects to be entitled for those goods and services.
We primarily lease multifamily apartments under operating leases generally with terms of one year or less. Rental revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC 840, Leases, using a method that represents a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Rental income represents approximately 94.3% of our total revenues and includes gross market rent less adjustments for concessions, vacancy loss, and bad debt. Other property revenues represent the remaining 5.7% of our total revenue and are primarily driven by utility reimbursement from our residents and other fee income, which is typically recognized at a point in time.
Revenue streams that are included in ASU 2014-09 include:
Other property revenues: We recognize revenue for rental related income not included as a component of a lease, such as utility reimbursement and application fees, as earned, and have concluded that this is appropriate under the new standard.
Gains or losses on sales of real estate: Subsequent to the adoption of the new standard, a gain or loss is recognized when the criteria for derecognition of an asset are met, including when (1) a contract exists and (2) the buyer obtained control of the nonfinancial asset that was sold. As a result, we may recognize a gain on real estate disposition transactions that previously did not qualify as a sale or for full profit recognition under the previous accounting standard.

We concluded that the adoption of the new standard required a cumulative adjustment of $627,000 to the opening balance of retained earnings as of May 1, 2018, due to the sale of a group of properties in the prior fiscal year. The sale of properties was

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previously accounted for using the installment method. Under the installment method, we recorded a mortgage receivable net of the deferred gain on sale, which was to be recognized as payments were received. The gain on sale under the new revenue standard is recognized when control of the assets is transferred to the buyer. As a result of our adoption of the new standard, we recorded a cumulative adjustment to retained earnings and increased the mortgage receivable by $627,000 to recognize the previously deferred gain on sale.
The following table presents the disaggregation of revenue streams of our rental income for the six months ended October 31, 2018:
 
 
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
 
 
 
Six Months Ended October 31, 2018
Revenue Stream
Applicable Standard
 
Amount of Revenue
Percent of Revenue
Rental revenue
Leases
 
86,394

94.3
%
Other property revenue
Revenue Recognition
 
5,190

5.7
%
 
 
 
91,584

100.0
%

IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
We periodically evaluate our long-lived assets, including investments in real estate, for impairment indicators. The impairment evaluation is performed on assets by property such that assets for a property form an asset group. The judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on factors such as operational performance, market conditions, expected holding period of each asset group, and legal and environmental concerns. If indicators exist, we compare the expected future undiscounted cash flows for the long-lived asset group against the carrying amount of that asset group. If the sum of the estimated undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset group, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the estimated fair value and the carrying amount of the asset group. If our anticipated holding period for properties, the estimated fair value of properties, or other factors change based on market conditions or otherwise, our evaluation of impairment charges may be different and such differences could be material to our consolidated financial statements. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is subjective and is based, in part, on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates, and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results. Reducing planned property holding periods may increase the likelihood of recording impairment losses.
During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we recorded no impairment charges.
During the six months ended October 31, 2017, we recognized impairment charges of $256,000 on a parcel of land in Bismarck, ND. This property was written down to estimated fair value during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018 based on receipt of a market offer to purchase and our intent to dispose of the property. We disposed of the property during the second quarter of fiscal year 2018.
CHANGE IN DEPRECIABLE LIVES OF REAL ESTATE ASSETS
We review the estimated useful lives of our real estate assets on an ongoing basis. Prior to our strategic shift to become a multifamily-focused REIT, which began in fiscal year 2016, we operated in five segments (office, retail, industrial, healthcare and multifamily). Accordingly, our estimated useful lives represented a blend of these segments.
During fiscal years 2016, 2017, and 2018, we disposed of the bulk of our office, retail, industrial, and healthcare portfolios. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, we determined it was appropriate to review and adjust our estimated useful lives to be specific to our remaining asset portfolio. Effective May 1, 2017, we changed the estimated useful lives of our real estate assets to better reflect the estimated periods during which they will be of economic benefit.  Generally, the estimated lives of buildings and improvements that previously were 20-40 years have been decreased to 10-37 years, while those that were previously nine years were changed to 5-10 years. The effect of this change in estimate for the six months ended October 31, 2017, was to increase depreciation expense by approximately $20.3 million, decrease net income by $20.3 million, and decrease earnings per share by $0.15. Of the expense increase, $9.0 million, or $0.07 per share, represented depreciation on assets that were fully depreciated under the new estimated useful lives in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018.
MORTGAGE RECEIVABLE AND NOTES RECEIVABLE
In August 2017, we sold 13 multifamily properties in exchange for cash and a note secured by a mortgage on the assets. As of October 31, 2018, the remaining balance on the mortgage was $10.5 million. The note bears an interest rate of 5.5% and matures in August 2020. Monthly payments are interest-only, with the principal balance payable at maturity. During the six

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months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, we received and recognized approximately $350,000 and $119,000 of interest income, respectively. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we received a payment of $425,000 to pay down the balance of the mortgage receivable and released one of the 13 properties from the assets used to secure the mortgage.
In July 2017, we originated a $16.2 million loan in a multifamily development located in New Hope, MN, a Minneapolis suburb. As of July 31, 2018, we had funded the full initial loan balance, which appears in other assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets; however, we may fund additional amounts upon satisfaction of certain conditions set forth in the loan agreement. The note bears an interest rate of 6%, matures in July 2023, and provides us an option to purchase the development prior to the loan maturity date.
VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITIES
We have determined that our Operating Partnership and each of our less-than-wholly owned real estate partnerships is a variable interest entity (“VIE”), as the limited partners or the functional equivalent of limited partners lack substantive kick-out rights and substantive participating rights. We are the primary beneficiary of the VIEs, and the VIEs are required to be consolidated on our balance sheet because we have a controlling financial interest in the VIEs and have both the power to direct the activities of the VIEs that most significantly impact the economic performance of the VIEs as well as the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIEs that could potentially be significant to the VIEs. Because our Operating Partnership is a VIE, all of our assets and liabilities are held through a VIE.
NOTE 3 • EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of our common shares of beneficial interest (“Common Shares”) outstanding during the period. We have issued restricted stock units (“RSUs”) under our 2015 Incentive Plan, which could have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share upon exercise of the RSUs. Other than the issuance of RSUs, we have no outstanding options, warrants, convertible stock or other contractual obligations requiring issuance of additional shares that would result in dilution of earnings. Under the terms of the Operating Partnership’s Agreement of Limited Partnership, limited partners have the right to require the Operating Partnership to redeem their limited partnership units (“Units”) any time following the first anniversary of the date they acquired such Units (“Exchange Right”).  Upon the exercise of Exchange Rights, and in our sole discretion, we may issue Common Shares in exchange for Units on a one-for-one basis. The following table presents a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017:  
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
October 31,
 
Six Months Ended October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
NUMERATOR
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Income (loss) from continuing operations – controlling interests
$
(4,558
)
 
$
(679
)
 
$
(2,153
)
 
$
(14,330
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations – controlling interests

 
13,500

 
511

 
15,887

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests
(4,558
)
 
12,821

 
(1,642
)
 
1,557

Dividends to preferred shareholders
(1,706
)
 
(2,812
)
 
(3,411
)
 
(5,098
)
Redemption of preferred shares

 
(3,649
)
 

 
(3,649
)
Numerator for basic earnings (loss) per share – net income available to common shareholders
(6,264
)
 
6,360

 
(5,053
)
 
(7,190
)
Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
(722
)
 
773

 
(587
)
 
(871
)
Numerator for diluted earnings (loss) per share
$
(6,986
)
 
$
7,133

 
$
(5,640
)
 
$
(8,061
)
DENOMINATOR
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Denominator for basic earnings per share weighted average shares
119,396

 
120,144

 
119,320

 
120,282

Effect of redeemable operating partnership units
13,789

 
14,623

 
13,924

 
14,912

Denominator for diluted earnings per share
133,185

 
134,767

 
133,244

 
135,194

Earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations – basic and diluted
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.19
)
Earnings (loss) per common share from discontinued operations – basic and diluted

 
0.11

 

 
0.13

NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC & DILUTED
$
(0.05
)
 
$
0.05

 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.06
)

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Performance-based restricted stock awards of 253,000 and 115,000 for the three months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and 253,000 and 115,000 for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because the assumed proceeds per share plus the average unearned compensation were greater than the average market price of the common stock for the periods presented and, therefore, were anti-dilutive. Refer to Note 13 - Share-Based Compensation for discussion of the terms for these awards.
NOTE 4 • EQUITY 
Operating Partnership Units. Outstanding Units in the Operating Partnership were 13.7 million Units at October 31, 2018 and 14.1 million Units at April 30, 2018.
Common Shares and Equity Awards. Common Shares outstanding on October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, totaled 119.7 million and 119.5 million, respectively. There were 13,000 shares issued under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan during the three months ended October 31, 2018, with a total grant-date fair value of $83,000. During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we issued 56,000 restricted common shares, with a total grant date fair value of $347,000. During fiscal year 2018, there were no shares issued during the three months ended October 31, 2017. During the six months ended October 31, 2017, we issued 75,000 restricted Common Shares, with a total grant-date fair value of $445,000. These shares are issued under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan for executive officer and trustee share-based compensation. These shares vest based on performance and service criteria.
Exchange Rights. Pursuant to the exercise of Exchange Rights, during the six months ended October 31, 2018, we redeemed 91,000 Units for an aggregate cost of $482,000, at an average price per Unit of $5.30.  During the six months ended October 31, 2017, we redeemed 999,500 Units for an aggregate cost of $6.0 million, at an average price per Unit of $5.98. During the three and six months ended October 31, 2018, we redeemed 217,000 and 331,000 Units, respectively, in exchange for common shares in connection with Unitholders exercising their Exchange Rights, with a total book value of $358,000 and $649,000, respectively. During the three and six months ended October 31, 2017, we redeemed no Units in exchange for common shares.
Share Repurchase Program. On December 7, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase up to $50 million of our Common Shares over a one-year period. On December 5, 2017, our Board of Trustees reauthorized this share repurchase program for an additional one-year period. See Note 15 - Subsequent Events for additional information regarding our recent reauthorization of the share repurchase program. Under this program, we may repurchase Common Shares in open-market purchases, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 and Rule 10b-18 plans, as determined by management and in accordance with the requirements of the SEC. The extent to which we repurchase our shares, and the timing of repurchases, will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, regulatory requirements, and other corporate considerations, as determined by the executive management team. This program may be suspended or discontinued at any time.  During the six months ended October 31, 2018, we repurchased and retired 118,000 common shares for an aggregate cost of $615,000, including commissions, at an average price per share of $5.20.  During the six months ended October 31, 2017, we repurchased and retired 1.1 million common shares for an aggregate cost of $6.3 million, including commissions, at an average price per share of $5.79. As of October 31, 2018, $34.9 million remained available under the $50 million authorized share repurchase program.
NOTE 5 • SEGMENT REPORTING 
We operate in a single reportable segment, which includes the ownership, management, development, redevelopment, and acquisition of apartment communities. Each of our operating properties is considered a separate operating segment because each property earns revenues, incurs expenses, and has discrete financial information. Our chief operating decision-makers evaluate each property's operating results to make decisions about resources to be allocated and to assess performance. We do not group our operations based on geography, size, or type. Our apartment communities have similar long-term economic characteristics and provide similar products and services to our residents. No apartment community comprises more than 10% of consolidated revenues, profits, or assets. Accordingly, our apartment communities are aggregated into a single reportable segment.
Prior to the third quarter of fiscal year 2018, we reported our results in two reportable segments: multifamily and healthcare. We sold substantially all of our healthcare portfolio during the third quarter of fiscal year 2018 and classified it as discontinued operations (see Note 7 for additional information). Healthcare no longer meets the quantitative thresholds for reporting as a separate reportable segment and therefore is included in “all other” with other non-multifamily properties. As of July 31, 2018, we no longer owned any healthcare properties.
Our executive management team comprises our chief operating decision-makers. This team measures the performance of our reportable segment based on net operating income (“NOI”), which we define as total real estate revenues less real estate

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expenses. Real estate expenses consist of property operating expenses and real estate tax expense and do not include property management expense. We believe that NOI is an important supplemental measure of operating performance for a REIT’s operating real estate because it provides a measure of operations that is unaffected by depreciation, amortization, financing, and general and administrative expenses. NOI does not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to net income, net income available for common shareholders, or cash flow from operating activities as a measure of financial performance.
The revenues and NOI for the multifamily reportable segment are summarized as follows for the three and six month periods ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, along with reconciliations to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Segment assets are also reconciled to total assets as reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended October 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
43,874

 
$
1,764

 
$
45,638

Real estate expenses
18,768

 
568

 
19,336

Net operating income
$
25,106

 
$
1,196

 
$
26,302

Property management expenses
 
 
 
 
(1,319
)
Casualty loss
 
 
 
 
(225
)
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
(19,191
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
(3,374
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
(7,997
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
(4
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
429

Income (loss) before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
(5,379
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
(232
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
(5,611
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(5,611
)

 
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended October 31, 2017
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
37,457

 
$
4,409

 
$
41,866

Real estate expenses
17,201

 
1,517

 
18,718

Net operating income
$
20,256

 
$
2,892

 
$
23,148

Property management expenses
 
 
 
 
(1,372
)
Casualty loss
 
 
 
 
(115
)
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
(17,270
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
(3,118
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
(8,509
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
(334
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
255

Income (loss) before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
(7,315
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
5,324

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
(1,991
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
15,130

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
13,139



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(in thousands)
Six Months Ended October 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
86,963

 
$
4,621

 
$
91,584

Real estate expenses
37,254

 
1,611

 
38,865

Net operating income
$
49,709

 
$
3,010

 
$
52,719

Property management expenses
 
 
 
 
(2,686
)
Casualty loss
 
 
 
 
(450
)
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
(37,803
)
Impairment of real estate investments
 
 
 
 

General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
(7,244
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
(16,382
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
(556
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
945

Income (loss) before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
(11,457
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
8,992

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
(2,465
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
570

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(1,895
)

 
(in thousands)
Six Months Ended October 31, 2017
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
73,455

 
$
9,389

 
$
82,844

Real estate expenses
32,934

 
3,311

 
36,245

Net operating income
$
40,521

 
$
6,078

 
$
46,599

Property management expenses
 
 
 
 
(2,728
)
Casualty loss
 
 
 
 
(600
)
Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
(42,608
)
Impairment of real estate investments
 
 
 
 
(256
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
(7,120
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
(16,640
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
(533
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
483

Income (loss) before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
(23,403
)
Gain (loss) on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
5,448

Income (loss) from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
(17,955
)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
17,815

Net income (loss)
 
 
 
 
$
(140
)

Segment Assets and Accumulated Depreciation
Segment assets are summarized as follows as of October 31, 2018, and April 30, 2018, respectively, along with reconciliations to the condensed consolidated financial statements:

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Table of Contents

 
(in thousands)
As of October 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Segment assets
 

 
 

 
 

Property owned
$
1,580,260

 
$
57,812

 
$
1,638,072

Less accumulated depreciation
(328,075
)
 
(16,940
)
 
(345,015
)
Total property owned
$
1,252,185

 
$
40,872

 
$
1,293,057

Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
12,777

Restricted cash
 
 
 
 
5,085

Other assets
 
 
 
 
29,769

Unimproved land
 
 
 
 
6,522

Mortgage loans receivable
 
 
 
 
10,530

Total Assets
 
 
 
 
$
1,357,740

 
(in thousands)
As of April 30, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Segment assets
 

 
 

 
 

Property owned
$
1,606,421

 
$
63,343

 
$
1,669,764

Less accumulated depreciation
(294,477
)
 
(16,847
)
 
(311,324
)
Total property owned
$
1,311,944

 
$
46,496

 
$
1,358,440

Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
11,891

Restricted cash
 
 
 
 
4,225

Other assets
 
 
 
 
30,297

Unimproved land
 
 
 
 
11,476

Mortgage loans receivable
 
 
 
 
10,329

Total Assets
 
 
 
 
$
1,426,658

NOTE 6 • COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation.  We are subject to a variety of legal actions for personal injury or property damage arising in the ordinary course of our business, most of which are covered by liability insurance. Various resident claims are also brought periodically, most of which are covered by insurance. While resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the final outcome of these claims and  legal proceedings will not have a material effect on our liquidity, financial position, cash flows, or results of operations.
Environmental Matters.  Under various federal, state, and local laws, ordinances, and regulations, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be liable for the costs of removal of, or remediation of, certain hazardous or toxic substances in, on, around, or under the property. While we currently have no knowledge of any material violation of environmental laws, ordinances, or regulations at any of our properties, there can be no assurance that areas of contamination will not be identified at any of our properties or that changes in environmental laws, regulations, or cleanup requirements would not result in material costs to us.
Restrictions on Taxable Dispositions.  Twenty-four of our properties, consisting of 4,099 apartment units, are subject to restrictions on our ability to resell in taxable transactions. These restrictions are contained in agreements we entered into with some of the sellers or contributors of the properties and are effective for varying periods. The real estate investment amount of these properties (net of accumulated depreciation) was $536.9 million at October 31, 2018.  We do not believe that these agreements materially affect the conduct of our business or our decisions whether to dispose of restricted properties during the restriction period because we generally hold these and our other properties for investment purposes rather than for sale. In addition, where we deem it to be in our shareholders' best interests to dispose of such properties, we generally seek to structure sale of such properties as tax deferred transactions under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code (the "Code").
If we decide to sell one or more of these properties and are unable to structure sales of such properties as tax deferred transactions under Section 1031 of the Code, we may be required to provide tax indemnification payments to the parties to these agreements.

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NOTE 7 • DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
We report in discontinued operations the results of operations and the related gains or losses on the sales of properties that have either been disposed of or classified as held for sale and meet the classification of a discontinued operation as described in ASC 205, "Presentation of Financial Statements," and ASC 360, "Property, Plant, and Equipment: Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity." Under this standard, a disposal (or classification as held for sale) of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results.
We classified no new dispositions or properties held for sale as discontinued operations during the three and six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017.
The following information shows the effect on net income and the gains or losses from the sales of properties classified as discontinued operations for the three and six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended October 31,
 
Six Months Ended October 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUE
$

 
$
12,047

 
$

 
$
24,002

EXPENSES
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes

 
2,387

 

 
4,644

Real estate taxes

 
1,946

 

 
3,907

Property management

 
68

 

 
140

Depreciation and amortization

 
3,424

 

 
7,013

General and administrative

 
15

 

 
15

TOTAL EXPENSES
$

 
$
7,840

 
$

 
$
15,719

Operating income (loss)

 
4,207

 

 
8,283

Interest expense

 
(1,436
)
 

 
(3,421
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt

 
(6
)
 

 
(6
)
Interest income

 
117

 

 
661

Other income

 
10

 

 
60

Income (loss) from discontinued operations before gain (loss) on sale

 
2,892

 

 
5,577

Gain (loss) on sale of discontinued operations

 
12,238

 
570

 
12,238

INCOME (LOSS) FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
$

 
$
15,130

 
$
570

 
$
17,815

As of October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, we had no assets or liabilities classified as held for sale.
NOTE 8 • ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSITIONS
PROPERTY ACQUISITIONS
We added no new real estate to our portfolio through property acquisitions during the three and six months ended October 31, 2018, compared to $153.8 million in the six months ended October 31, 2017. Our acquisitions during the six months ended October 31, 2017 are detailed below.

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Six Months Ended October 31, 2017
 
Date
Acquired
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Total
Acquisition
Cost

 
Investment Allocation
Acquisitions
 
 
Land

 
Building

 
Intangible
Assets

Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
191 unit - Oxbo - St. Paul, MN(1)
May 26, 2017
 
$
61,500

 
$
5,809

 
$
54,910

 
$
781

500 unit - Park Place - Plymouth, MN
September 13, 2017
 
92,250

 
10,609

 
80,711

 
930

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Acquisitions
 
 
$
153,750

 
$
16,418

 
$
135,621

 
$
1,711

(1)
Property includes 11,477 square feet of retail space.
PROPERTY DISPOSITIONS
During the three months ended October 31, 2018, we sold one commercial property and one parcel of land for a total sale price of $3.1 million. During the three months ended October 31, 2017, we sold 13 apartment communities, three healthcare properties, one industrial property, and one parcel of unimproved land for a total sale price of $63.4 million. The following table details our dispositions for the six months ended October 31, 2018 and 2017:

Six Months Ended October 31, 2018
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Dispositions
Date
Disposed
 
Sales Price
 
Book Value
and Sale Cost
 
Gain/(Loss)
 
Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44 unit - Dakota Commons - Williston, ND
July 26, 2018
 
$
4,420

 
$
3,878

 
$
542

 
145 unit - Williston Garden - Williston, ND(1)
July 26, 2018
 
12,310

 
11,313

 
997

 
288 unit - Renaissance Heights - Williston, ND(2)
July 26, 2018
 
24,770

 
17,856

 
6,914

 
 
 
 
41,500

 
33,047

 
8,453

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,849 sq ft Minot Southgate Retail - Minot, ND
July 12, 2018
 
1,925

 
2,056

 
(131
)
 
9,052 sq ft Fresenius - Duluth, MN
July 27, 2018
 
1,900

 
1,078

 
822

 
15,000 sq ft Minot 2505 16th St SW - Minot, ND
October 12, 2018
 
1,710

 
1,814

 
(104
)
 
 
 
 
5,535

 
4,948

 
587

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unimproved Land
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Grand Forks - Grand Forks, ND
July 16, 2018
 
3,000

 
2,986

 
14

 
Renaissance Heights - Williston, ND(3)
July 26, 2018
 
750

 
684

 
66

 
Badger Hills Unimproved - Rochester, MN
August 29, 2018
 
1,400

 
1,528

 
(128
)
 
 
 
 
5,150

 
5,198

 
(48
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Dispositions
 
 
$
52,185

 
$
43,193

 
$
8,992

 

(1)
This apartment community was owned by a joint venture entity in which we had an interest of approximately 74.11%. The joint venture was consolidated in our financial statements at October 31, 2018.
(2)
This apartment community was owned by a joint venture entity in which we had an interest of approximately 87.14%. The joint venture was consolidated in our financial statements at October 31, 2018.
(3)
This parcel of land was owned by a joint venture entity in which we had an interest of approximately 70.00%. The joint venture was consolidated in our financial statements at October 31, 2018.

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Six Months Ended October 31, 2017
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Dispositions
Date
Disposed
 
Sale Price
 
Book Value
and Sale Cost
 
Gain/(Loss)
 
Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
327 unit - 13 Multifamily properties - Minot, ND(1)
August 22, 2017
 
$
12,263

 
$
11,562

 
$
701

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,998 sq ft Minot Southgate Wells Fargo Bank - Minot, ND
May 15, 2017
 
3,440

 
3,332

 
108

 
90,260 sq ft Lexington Commerce Center - Eagan, MN
August 22, 2017
 
9,000

 
3,963

 
5,037

 
17,640 sq ft 1440 Duckwood Medical - Eagan, MN
August 24, 2017
 
2,100

 
1,886

 
214

 
279,834 sq ft Edgewood Vista Hermantown I & II - Hermantown, MN
October 19, 2017
 
36,884

 
24,697

 
12,187

 
 
 
 
51,424

 
33,878

 
17,546

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unimproved Land
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bismarck 4916 Unimproved Land - Bismarck, ND
August 8, 2017
 
3,175

 
3,188

 
(13
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Dispositions
 
 
$
66,862

 
$
48,628

 
$
18,234

 
(1)
These properties include: 4th Street 4 Plex, 11th Street 3 Plex, Apartments on Main, Brooklyn Heights, Colton Heights, Fairmont, First Avenue (Apartments and Office), Pines, Southview, Summit Park, Temple (including 17 South Main Retail), Terrace Heights and Westridge.
NOTE 9 • DEBT
As of October 31, 2018, we owned 93 properties, of which 52 multifamily and other properties served as collateral for mortgage loans. The majority of these mortgage loans were non-recourse to us other than for standard carve-out obligations. As of October 31, 2018, we believe that there are no material defaults or compliance issues with respect to any mortgages payable.
The aggregate amount of required future principal payments on mortgages payable as of October 31, 2018, was as follows:
 
(in thousands)
Year Ended April 30,
Mortgage Loans
2019
$
4,870

2020
71,833

2021
92,177

2022
70,506

2023
27,494

Thereafter
182,534

Total payments
$
449,414

As noted above, as of October 31, 2018, we owned 41 multifamily and other properties that were not encumbered by mortgages, with 32 of those properties providing credit support for our unsecured borrowings. Our primary unsecured credit facility is a revolving, multi-bank line of credit, with the Bank of Montreal serving as administrative agent. Our line of credit has total commitments of $250.0 million, with borrowing capacity based on the value of properties contained in the unencumbered asset pool ("UAP"). The UAP currently provides for a borrowing capacity of $246.0 million, providing additional borrowing availability of $176.5 million beyond the $69.5 million drawn as of October 31, 2018. This credit facility matures on August 31, 2022 , with one twelve-month option to extend the maturity date at our election.
During the three months ended October 31, 2018, we amended our primary unsecured credit facility. We extended the maturity date on our existing $70.0 million unsecured term loan, which now matures on January 15, 2024. We also added a new $75.0 million, seven-year term loan which matures on August 31, 2025.

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The interest rates on the line of credit and term loans are based, at our option, on the lender's base rate plus a margin, ranging from 35-85 basis points, or the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), plus a margin that ranges from 135-190 basis points based on our consolidated leverage. Our line of credit and term loan are subject to customary financial covenants and limitations. We believe that we are in compliance with all such financial covenants and limitations as of October 31, 2018.
We also have a $6.0 million operating line of credit. This operating line of credit is designated to enhance treasury management activities and more effectively manage cash balances. This operating line has a one-year term, with pricing based on a market spread plus the one-month LIBOR index rate. As of October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018, we have no outstanding balance on this operating line.
The following table summarizes our indebtedness at October 31, 2018:
 
(in thousands)
 
 
October 31, 2018
April 30, 2018
Weighted Average Maturity in Years at October 31, 2018
Unsecured line of credit
$
69,500

$
124,000

3.8
Term loan A
70,000

70,000

5.2
Term loan B
75,000


6.8
Unsecured debt
214,500

194,000

 
Mortgages payable - fixed
449,414

489,401

4.5
Mortgages payable - variable

22,739

 
Total debt
$
663,914

$
706,140

4.8
Weighted average interest rate on unsecured line of credit
3.72
%
3.35
%
 
Weighted average interest rate on term loan A (rate with swap)
3.75
%
3.86
%
 
Weighted average interest rate on term loan B (rate with swap)
4.60
%


 
Weighted average interest rate on mortgages payable
4.59
%
4.69
%
 

NOTE 10 • DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS
Our objective in using interest rate derivatives is to add stability to interest expense and to manage our exposure to interest rate fluctuations. To accomplish this objective, we primarily use interest rate swap contracts to fix the variable interest rate on our term loans. The interest rate swap contracts qualify as cash flow hedges.
Under ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities, which we adopted on November 1, 2017, the ineffective portion of a hedging instrument is no longer required to be recognized currently in earnings or disclosed. Changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings in the period that the hedged transaction affects earnings. Amounts reported in accumulated other comprehensive income for our interest rate swap will be reclassified to interest expense as interest expense is incurred on our term loans. During the next twelve months, we estimate an additional $320,000 will be reclassified as a decrease to interest expense.
At October 31, 2018, we had two interest rate swap contracts in effect with a notional amount of $145.0 million and one additional interest rate swap that becomes effective on January 31, 2023 with a notional amount of $70.0 million.
The table below presents the fair value of our derivative financial instruments as well as their classification on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of October 31, 2018 and April 30, 2018.
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
 
October 31, 2018
 
April 30, 2018
 
Balance Sheet Location
 
Fair Value
 
Fair Value
Derivative instruments - interest rate swaps
Other Assets
 
$
3,321

 
$
1,779

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments