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Section 1: 8-K (FORM 8-K)

Form 8-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 8-K

 

 

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): November 29, 2018

 

 

TPG RE Finance Trust, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

 

Maryland   001-38156   36-4796967

(State or Other Jurisdiction

of Incorporation)

 

(Commission

File Number)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

888 Seventh Avenue, 35th Floor, New York, New York 10106

(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

(212) 601-4700

(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Not Applicable

(Former Name or Former Address, if Changed Since Last Report)

 

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

 

Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

 

Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company  ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

 

 

 


Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

CLO Transaction Overview

On November 29, 2018 (the “FL2 CLO Closing Date”), TPG RE Finance Trust, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into a collateralized loan obligation (“TRTX 2018-FL2” or the “FL2 CLO”) through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., an exempted company incorporated with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands, as issuer (the “FL2 Issuer”), and TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, as co-issuer (the “FL2 Co-Issuer” and together with the FL2 Issuer, the “FL2 Issuers”). On the FL2 CLO Closing Date, the FL2 Issuers co-issued the following classes of notes pursuant to the terms of an indenture, dated as of November 29, 2018 (the “FL2 Indenture”), by and among the FL2 Issuers, TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “FL2 Seller”), as advancing agent, Wilmington Trust, National Association, as trustee (together with its permitted successors and assigns, the “FL2 Trustee”), and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as note administrator, paying agent, calculation agent, transfer agent, authenticating agent, custodian, backup advancing agent and notes registrar (in all such capacities, together with its permitted successors and assigns, the “FL2 Note Administrator”):

 

   

$505,084,000 aggregate principal amount of Class A Senior Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class A Notes”), which had ratings of “AAA(sf)” and “Aaa(sf)” by Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc. (“KBRA”) and Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., respectively, and an initial expected weighted average life of 3.13 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 1.13%;

 

   

$85,015,000 aggregate principal amount of Class A-S Second Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class A-S Notes”), which had a rating of “AAA(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 3.88 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 1.45%;

 

   

$62,510,000 aggregate principal amount of Class B Third Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class B Notes”), which had a rating of “AA-(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 3.96 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 1.65%;

 

   

$66,261,000 aggregate principal amount of Class C Fourth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class C Notes”), which had a rating of “A-(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 4.00 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.30%; and

 

   

$76,263,000 aggregate principal amount of Class D Fifth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class D Notes” and, together with the FL2 Class A Notes, the FL2 Class A-S Notes, the FL2 Class B Notes and the FL2 Class C Notes, the “FL2 Offered Notes”), which had a rating of “BBB-(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 4.16 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.70%.

The FL2 Offered Notes were placed by Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC pursuant to a placement agency agreement dated as of November 15, 2018.

In addition to the FL2 Offered Notes, on the FL2 CLO Closing Date, the FL2 Issuer issued, pursuant to the FL2 Indenture, $48,758,000 aggregate principal amount of Class E Sixth Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class E Notes”), which had a rating of “BB-(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 4.26 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 4.00%, and $28,755,000 aggregate principal amount of Class F Seventh Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037 (the “FL2 Class F Notes” and, together with the FL2 Offered Notes and the FL2 Class E Notes, the “FL2 Notes”), which had a rating of “B-(sf)” by KBRA and an initial expected weighted average life of 4.38 years, and bear interest at a per annum rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 5.00%. The calculation of the initial expected weighted average lives of the FL2 Notes assumes certain collateral characteristics, including that there are no prepayments, that there will be no extension of maturity dates and no capitalized and deferred interest and certain other modeling assumptions. There are no assurances that such assumptions will be met.

 

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The FL2 Class E Notes and the FL2 Class F Notes were acquired by TRTX 2018-FL2 Retention Holder, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“FL2 Retention Holder”). The FL2 Class E Notes and the FL2 Class F Notes are not secured by the FL2 Mortgage Assets (as defined below) or any other collateral securing the FL2 Offered Notes.

Concurrently with the issuance of the FL2 Notes, the FL2 Issuer also issued preferred shares, par value $0.001 per share and with an aggregate liquidation preference and notional amount equal to $1,000 per share (the “FL2 Preferred Shares” and, together with the FL2 Notes, the “FL2 Securities”), to FL2 Retention Holder. FL2 Retention Holder acquired the FL2 Preferred Shares in order to comply with certain risk retention rules. The FL2 Preferred Shares are subject to the terms and conditions of a Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, dated as of November 29, 2018 (the “FL2 Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement”), among the FL2 Issuer, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as preferred share paying agent, and MaplesFS Limited, as preferred share registrar and administrator. The FL2 Preferred Shares have no stated dividend rate. Holders of the FL2 Preferred Shares will be entitled to receive monthly non-cumulative dividends, if and to the extent that funds are available for such purpose, in accordance with the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture and under Cayman Islands law. The FL2 Preferred Shares were issued by the FL2 Issuer as part of its issued share capital, and are not secured by the FL2 Mortgage Assets or any other collateral securing the FL2 Offered Notes.

The FL2 Securities have not been registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), or any state securities laws, and unless so registered, may not be offered or sold in the United States except pursuant to an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws.

Proceeds from the issuance of the FL2 Securities were used to purchase two commercial real estate whole loans (the “FL2 Whole Loans”) and 23 fully-funded pari passu participations (the “FL2 Pari Passu Participations,” and, together with the FL2 Whole Loans, the “FL2 Initial Mortgage Assets”) in certain commercial or multifamily real estate whole loans (each, a “FL2 Participated Mortgage Loan” and, together with the FL2 Whole Loans, the “FL2 Mortgage Loans”). The FL2 Initial Mortgage Assets were purchased by the FL2 Issuer from the FL2 Seller, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and an affiliate of the FL2 Issuers. The FL2 Initial Mortgage Assets represented approximately 23.9% of the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the Company’s loan investment portfolio as of September 30, 2018 and had an aggregate principal balance of approximately $1.0 billion as of October 31, 2018 (the cut-off date for the FL2 CLO).

The FL2 Initial Mortgage Assets were purchased by the FL2 Issuer from the FL2 Seller pursuant to a Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement (the “FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement”), dated as of November 29, 2018, among the FL2 Issuer, the FL2 Seller, TPG RE Finance Trust Holdco, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (“Holdco”), and TPG RE Finance Trust CLO Sub-REIT, a Maryland real estate investment trust and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Pursuant to the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the FL2 Seller made certain representations and warranties to the FL2 Issuer with respect to the FL2 Mortgage Assets. In the event that a material breach of representation or warranty with respect to any FL2 Mortgage Asset exists, the FL2 Seller will have to either (a) correct or cure such breach of representation or warranty in all material respects, within 90 days of discovery by the FL2 Seller or any party to the FL2 Indenture (to the extent such breach is capable of being corrected or cured), (b) subject to the consent of a majority of the holders of each class of FL2 Notes, voting separately (excluding any FL2 Notes held by the FL2 Seller or any of its affiliates), make a cash payment to the FL2 Issuer, or (c) repurchase such FL2 Mortgage Asset at a repurchase price calculated as set forth in the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement. The obligation of the FL2 Seller to repurchase a FL2 Mortgage Asset in connection with a material breach of the representations and warranties pursuant to the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement has been guaranteed by Holdco.

Proceeds from the issuance of the FL2 Securities were also used (i) to repay an aggregate of $621.8 million of borrowings under the Company’s secured revolving repurchase facilities with Goldman Sachs Bank USA, JPMorgan Chase Bank, National Association, Morgan Stanley Bank, N.A. and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, thus creating additional borrowing capacity for new loan originations; (ii) to pay transaction expenses; and (iii) for new loan originations and general corporate purposes.

 

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The FL2 Notes

FL2 Collateral

The FL2 Offered Notes are secured by, among other things, (i) the portfolio of FL2 Mortgage Assets, (ii) certain collection, payment, custodial, reinvestment and expense reserve accounts and the related security entitlements and all income from the investment of funds in any of the foregoing at any time credited to any of the foregoing accounts, (iii) certain eligible investments purchased from deposits in certain accounts, (iv) the FL2 Issuer’s rights under certain related agreements, (v) all amounts delivered to the FL2 Note Administrator (or its bailee) (directly or through a securities intermediary), (vi) all other investment property, instruments and general intangibles in which the FL2 Issuer has an interest, other than certain excepted property, (vii) the FL2 Issuer’s ownership interests in and rights in certain permitted subsidiaries and (viii) all proceeds of the foregoing (collectively, the “FL2 Collateral”).

The FL2 Offered Notes are limited recourse obligations of the FL2 Issuer and non-recourse obligations of the FL2 Co-Issuer, and the FL2 Class E Notes and the FL2 Class F Notes are limited recourse obligations of the FL2 Issuer. The FL2 Co-Issuer owns no material assets and will engage in no business other than co-issuing the FL2 Offered Notes. To the extent that amounts are insufficient to meet payments due in respect of the FL2 Notes and expenses following liquidation of the FL2 Collateral, the obligations of the FL2 Issuer and the FL2 Co-Issuer to pay such deficiency will be extinguished.

Interest Rate and Maturity

The FL2 Offered Notes have an initial weighted average interest rate of approximately one-month LIBOR plus 1.45%. Interest payments on the FL2 Notes are payable monthly, beginning in December 2018. Each class of FL2 Notes will mature at par in November 2037, unless redeemed or repaid prior thereto. Principal payments on each class of FL2 Notes will be paid in accordance with the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture. However, it is anticipated that the FL2 Notes will be paid in advance of the stated maturity date in accordance with the priority of payments in the FL2 Indenture.

For so long as any class of FL2 Notes with a higher priority is outstanding, any interest due on the FL2 Class C Notes, the FL2 Class D Notes, the FL2 Class E Notes or the FL2 Class F Notes that is not paid as a result of the operation of the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture will be deferred, and the failure to pay such interest will not be an event of default under the FL2 Indenture (any such interest, “FL2 Deferred Interest”). FL2 Deferred Interest on any class of FL2 Notes will be added to the outstanding principal balance of such class of FL2 Notes and will accrue interest at the applicable interest rate. FL2 Deferred Interest will not be payable until the earliest of the first interest payment date on which funds are available to pay such FL2 Deferred Interest in accordance with the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture, or the date on which such class of FL2 Notes matures or is redeemed.

Subordination of the FL2 Notes

In general, payments of interest and principal on any class of FL2 Notes are subordinate to all payments of interest and principal on any class of FL2 Notes with a more senior priority. Generally, all payments on the FL2 Notes will be subordinate to certain payments required to be made in respect of any interest advances and certain other expenses. Payments on the FL2 Notes will be senior to any payments on or in respect of the FL2 Preferred Shares to the extent required by the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture.

FL2 Note Protection Tests

The FL2 Notes are subject to note protection tests (the “FL2 Note Protection Tests”), which will be used primarily to determine whether and to what extent interest received on the FL2 Mortgage Assets may be used to make certain payments subordinate to interest and principal payments to the FL2 Offered Notes in the priority of payments set forth in the FL2 Indenture. In the event that either FL2 Note Protection Test is not satisfied on any measurement date, interest received on the FL2 Mortgage Assets that would otherwise be used to pay interest on the FL2 Class E Notes and the FL2 Class F Notes and dividends to the FL2 Preferred Shares and make certain other payments must instead be used to pay principal of first, the FL2 Class A Notes, second, the FL2 Class A-S Notes, third, the FL2 Class B Notes, fourth, the FL2 Class C Notes and fifth, the FL2 Class D Notes, in each case, to the extent necessary to cause the FL2 Note Protection Tests to be satisfied.

 

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The FL2 Note Protection Tests consist of a par value test (the “FL2 Par Value Test”) and an interest coverage test (the “FL2 Interest Coverage Test”). The FL2 Par Value Test will generally be considered to be met if the number calculated by dividing (a) the aggregate principal balance of the FL2 Mortgage Assets and certain other eligible investments and modified or defaulted FL2 Mortgage Assets by (b) the sum of the aggregate outstanding principal balance of the FL2 Offered Notes and the amount of any unreimbursed interest advances, is equal to or greater than 124.79%. The FL2 Interest Coverage Test will generally be considered to be met if the Interest Coverage Ratio (as defined in the FL2 Indenture) on the FL2 Offered Notes is equal to or greater than 120.00%.

FL2 Collateral Management Agreement

Certain advisory, administrative and monitoring functions relating to the FL2 Mortgage Assets will be performed by TPG RE Finance Trust Management, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership and the Company’s external manager (the “Manager”), as FL2 collateral manager (in such capacity, the “FL2 Collateral Manager”) pursuant to a Collateral Management Agreement, dated as of November 29, 2018, between the FL2 Issuer and the Manager (the “FL2 Collateral Management Agreement”).

As compensation for the performance of its obligations as FL2 Collateral Manager, the Manager is entitled to receive a collateral management fee, payable monthly in arrears, equal to 0.1% per annum of the net outstanding balance of the FL2 Mortgage Assets to the extent funds are available. The Manager has agreed to waive its entitlement to the collateral management fee for so long as the Manager or an affiliate of the Manager is the FL2 Collateral Manager and also the external manager of the Company. However, there can be no assurance that any replacement collateral manager will also waive the right to receive the collateral management fee.

The Manager may be removed as FL2 Collateral Manager upon at least 30 days’ prior written notice if certain events of default have occurred, by the FL2 Issuer or the FL2 Trustee, if the holders of at least 66-2/3% in aggregate outstanding amount of each class of FL2 Notes then outstanding give written notice to the Manager, the FL2 Issuer and the FL2 Trustee directing such removal. The Manager cannot be removed as FL2 Collateral Manager without cause, but may resign as FL2 Collateral Manager upon 90 days’ prior written notice. Upon any resignation or removal of the Manager as FL2 Collateral Manager while any of the FL2 Notes are outstanding, holders of a majority of the FL2 Preferred Shares (excluding any FL2 Preferred Shares held by certain related parties) will have the right to instruct the FL2 Issuer to appoint an institution identified by such holders as replacement FL2 Collateral Manager. In the event that 100% of the aggregate outstanding FL2 Preferred Shares are held by related parties and the proposed replacement FL2 Collateral Manager is an affiliate of the Manager, the holders of at least a majority of the aggregate outstanding principal balance of the most junior class of FL2 Notes not 100% owned by related parties (excluding any FL2 Notes held by related parties to the extent the replacement FL2 Collateral Manager is an affiliate of the Manager or the Manager has been removed as FL2 Collateral Manager after the occurrence of an event of default) may direct the FL2 Issuer to appoint an institution identified by such holders as replacement collateral manager.

Except with respect to the limitations set forth in the FL2 Indenture, the Manager, in its capacity as FL2 collateral manager, is not obligated to pursue any particular investment strategy or opportunity with respect to the FL2 Mortgage Assets or the FL2 Reinvestment Mortgage Assets (as defined below). The Manager and its affiliates may engage in other business and furnish investment management, advisory and other services to other portfolios. The Manager may make recommendations to or effect transactions for such other portfolios, which recommendations or transactions may differ from those made on behalf of the FL2 Issuer.

Managed Transaction with Reinvestment

The FL2 CLO includes a 24-month reinvestment period during which the Manager, as FL2 Collateral Manager, is permitted to reinvest certain proceeds arising from the FL2 Mortgage Assets in additional mortgage assets meeting certain eligibility criteria (the “FL2 Reinvestment Mortgage Assets” and, together with the FL2 Initial Mortgage Assets, the “FL2 Mortgage Assets”). Additionally, the FL2 Issuer may acquire an FL2 Reinvestment Mortgage Asset in exchange for a defaulted mortgage asset or a credit risk mortgage asset. Any FL2 Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or exchanged FL2 Mortgage Asset will be required to meet certain eligibility criteria, acquisition and disposition requirements and other conditions set forth in the FL2 Indenture and the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

 

5


The FL2 Servicing Agreement

Except for certain non-serviced loans, the FL2 Mortgage Loans will be serviced by Situs Asset Management LLC, a Texas limited liability company (the “FL2 Servicer”), pursuant to a servicing agreement (the “FL2 Servicing Agreement”), dated as of November 29, 2018, by and among the FL2 Issuer, the Manager, the FL2 Trustee, the FL2 Note Administrator, the FL2 Seller (as advancing agent), the FL2 Servicer, Situs Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (the “FL2 Special Servicer”), and Park Bridge Lender Services LLC, a New York limited liability company (the “FL2 Operating Advisor”). Additionally, pursuant to the FL2 Servicing Agreement, the FL2 Issuer appointed the FL2 Special Servicer to act as special servicer with respect to certain of the FL2 Mortgage Loans.

The FL2 Servicing Agreement requires each of the FL2 Servicer and the FL2 Special Servicer to diligently service and administer the FL2 Mortgage Loans (other than certain non-serviced loans) and any applicable mortgaged property acquired directly or indirectly by the FL2 Special Servicer for the benefit of the secured parties under the FL2 Indenture. In connection with their respective duties under the FL2 Servicing Agreement, the FL2 Servicer and the FL2 Special Servicer (or any replacement servicer or special servicer) are entitled to monthly servicing and special servicing fees, as described in the FL2 Servicing Agreement.

Pursuant to the FL2 Servicing Agreement, the FL2 Operating Advisor’s duties are limited to certain FL2 Mortgage Assets that are whole loans. The FL2 Operating Advisor is entitled to receive a monthly fee under the FL2 Servicing Agreement from amounts received in respect of the FL2 Mortgage Assets owned by the FL2 Issuer, in an amount equal to one-twelfth of $20,000. The FL2 Operating Advisor may also be entitled to certain consulting and review fees, as described in the FL2 Servicing Agreement.

The foregoing summaries of the FL2 Indenture, the FL2 Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the FL2 Collateral Management Agreement and the FL2 Servicing Agreement are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of the FL2 Indenture, the FL2 Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, the FL2 Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the FL2 Collateral Management Agreement and the FL2 Servicing Agreement, copies of which are filed herewith as Exhibits 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4 and 10.5, respectively, and incorporated herein by reference.

Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

The information set forth under Item 1.01 above is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.03.

Item 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure.

On November 29, 2018, the Company issued a press release announcing the closing of TRTX 2018-FL2. A copy of the press release is furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

The information contained in the press release shall not be deemed “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission nor incorporated by reference in any registration statement filed by the Company under the Securities Act.

 

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Item 9.01    Financial

 Statements and Exhibits.

(d)    Exhibits.

 

Exhibit
No.
  

Description

10.1    Indenture, dated as of November 29, 2018, by and among TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, Wilmington Trust, National Association and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association
10.2    Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, dated as of November  29, 2018, among TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., Wells Fargo Bank, National Association and MaplesFS Limited
10.3    Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, dated as of November  29, 2018, among TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, TPG RE Finance Trust Holdco, LLC and TPG RE Finance Trust CLO Sub-REIT
10.4    Collateral Management Agreement, dated as of November 29, 2018, between TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd. and TPG RE Finance Trust Management, L.P.
10.5    Servicing Agreement, dated as of November  29, 2018, by and among TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., TPG RE Finance Trust Management, L.P., Wilmington Trust, National Association, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, Situs Asset Management LLC, Situs Holdings, LLC and Park Bridge Lender Services LLC
99.1    Press release, dated November 29, 2018

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

    TPG RE Finance Trust, Inc.
    By:  

/s/ Robert Foley

      Name:   Robert Foley
      Title:   Chief Financial and Risk Officer
Date: December 3, 2018        

 

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Section 2: EX-10.1 (INDENTURE)

Indenture

Exhibit 10.1

 

 

 

TRTX 2018-FL2 ISSUER, LTD.,

as Issuer,

TRTX 2018-FL2 CO-ISSUER, LLC,

as Co-Issuer,

TRTX CLO LOAN SELLER 2, LLC,

as Advancing Agent,

WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

as Trustee,

and

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

as Note Administrator

INDENTURE

Dated as of November 29, 2018

 

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  
ARTICLE 1

 

DEFINITIONS

 

Section 1.1

 

Definitions

     3  

Section 1.2

 

Interest Calculation Convention

     49  

Section 1.3

 

Rounding Convention

     49  
ARTICLE 2

 

THE NOTES

 

Section 2.1

 

Forms Generally

     49  

Section 2.2

 

Forms of Notes and Certificate of Authentication

     50  

Section 2.3

 

Authorized Amount; Stated Maturity Date; and Denominations

     51  

Section 2.4

 

Execution, Authentication, Delivery and Dating

     52  

Section 2.5

 

Registration, Registration of Transfer and Exchange

     53  

Section 2.6

 

Mutilated, Defaced, Destroyed, Lost or Stolen Note

     60  

Section 2.7

 

Payment of Principal and Interest and Other Amounts; Principal and Interest Rights Preserved

     61  

Section 2.8

 

Persons Deemed Owners

     64  

Section 2.9

 

Cancellation

     65  

Section 2.10

 

Global Notes; Definitive Notes; Temporary Notes

     65  

Section 2.11

 

U.S. Tax Treatment of Notes and the Issuer

     67  

Section 2.12

 

Authenticating Agents

     68  

Section 2.13

 

Forced Sale on Failure to Comply with Restrictions

     68  

Section 2.14

 

No Gross Up

     69  
ARTICLE 3

 

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT; PLEDGED MORTGAGE ASSETS

 

Section 3.1

 

General Provisions

     69  

Section 3.2

 

Security for Notes

     72  

Section 3.3

 

Transfer of Collateral

     74  

Section 3.4

 

Credit Risk Retention

     81  

 

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ARTICLE 4

 

SATISFACTION AND DISCHARGE

 

Section 4.1

 

Satisfaction and Discharge of Indenture

     81  

Section 4.2

 

Application of Amounts Held in Trust

     83  

Section 4.3

 

Repayment of Amounts Held by Paying Agent

     83  

Section 4.4

 

Limitation on Obligation to Incur Company Administrative Expenses

     84  
ARTICLE 5

 

REMEDIES

 

Section 5.1

 

Events of Default

     84  

Section 5.2

 

Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission and Annulment

     86  

Section 5.3

 

Collection of Indebtedness and Suits for Enforcement by Trustee

     88  

Section 5.4

 

Remedies

     90  

Section 5.5

 

Preservation of Collateral

     92  

Section 5.6

 

Trustee May Enforce Claims Without Possession of Notes

     93  

Section 5.7

 

Application of Amounts Collected

     93  

Section 5.8

 

Limitation on Suits

     94  

Section 5.9

 

Unconditional Rights of Noteholders to Receive Principal and Interest

     94  

Section 5.10

 

Restoration of Rights and Remedies

     95  

Section 5.11

 

Rights and Remedies Cumulative

     95  

Section 5.12

 

Delay or Omission Not Waiver

     95  

Section 5.13

 

Control by the Controlling Class

     95  

Section 5.14

 

Waiver of Past Defaults

     96  

Section 5.15

 

Undertaking for Costs

     96  

Section 5.16

 

Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws

     97  

Section 5.17

 

Sale of Collateral

     97  

Section 5.18

 

Action on the Notes

     98  
ARTICLE 6

 

THE TRUSTEE AND NOTE ADMINISTRATOR

 

Section 6.1

 

Certain Duties and Responsibilities

     98  

Section 6.2

 

Notice of Default

     100  

Section 6.3

 

Certain Rights of Trustee and Note Administrator

     100  

Section 6.4

 

Not Responsible for Recitals or Issuance of Notes

     103  

Section 6.5

 

May Hold Notes

     103  

Section 6.6

 

Amounts Held in Trust

     103  

Section 6.7

 

Compensation and Reimbursement

     103  

Section 6.8

 

Corporate Trustee Required; Eligibility

     105  

Section 6.9

 

Resignation and Removal; Appointment of Successor

     105  

Section 6.10

 

Acceptance of Appointment by Successor

     107  

 

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Section 6.11

 

Merger, Conversion, Consolidation or Succession to Business of Trustee and Note Administrator

     108  

Section 6.12

 

Co-Trustees and Separate Trustee

     108  

Section 6.13

 

Direction to enter into the Servicing Agreement

     109  

Section 6.14

 

Representations and Warranties of the Trustee

     110  

Section 6.15

 

Representations and Warranties of the Note Administrator

     110  

Section 6.16

 

Requests for Consents

     111  

Section 6.17

 

Withholding

     111  
ARTICLE 7

 

COVENANTS

 

Section 7.1

 

Payment of Principal and Interest

     112  

Section 7.2

 

Maintenance of Office or Agency

     112  

Section 7.3

 

Amounts for Note Payments to be Held in Trust

     113  

Section 7.4

 

Existence of the Issuer and Co-Issuer

     115  

Section 7.5

 

Protection of Collateral

     117  

Section 7.6

 

Notice of Any Amendments

     119  

Section 7.7

 

Performance of Obligations

     119  

Section 7.8

 

Negative Covenants

     119  

Section 7.9

 

Statement as to Compliance

     122  

Section 7.10

 

Issuer and Co-Issuer May Consolidate or Merge Only on Certain Terms

     122  

Section 7.11

 

Successor Substituted

     126  

Section 7.12

 

No Other Business

     125  

Section 7.13

 

Reporting

     126  

Section 7.14

 

Calculation Agent

     126  

Section 7.15

 

REIT Status

     127  

Section 7.16

 

Permitted Subsidiaries

     128  

Section 7.17

 

Repurchase Requests

     129  

Section 7.18

 

Servicing of Mortgage Loans and Control of Servicing Decisions

     130  
ARTICLE 8

 

SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURES

 

Section 8.1

 

Supplemental Indentures Without Consent of Securityholders

     130  

Section 8.2

 

Supplemental Indentures with Consent of Securityholders

     133  

Section 8.3

 

Execution of Supplemental Indentures

     135  

Section 8.4

 

Effect of Supplemental Indentures

     137  

Section 8.5

 

Reference in Notes to Supplemental Indentures

     137  

 

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ARTICLE 9

 

REDEMPTION OF SECURITIES; REDEMPTION PROCEDURES

 

Section 9.1

 

Clean-up Call; Tax Redemption; Optional Redemption; and Auction Call Redemption

     138  

Section 9.2

 

Notice of Redemption

     139  

Section 9.3

 

Notice of Redemption or Maturity by the Issuer

     140  

Section 9.4

 

Notes Payable on Redemption Date

     140  

Section 9.5

 

Mandatory Redemption

     141  
ARTICLE 10

 

ACCOUNTS, ACCOUNTINGS AND RELEASES

 

Section 10.1

 

Collection of Amounts; Custodial Account

     141  

Section 10.2

 

Reinvestment Account

     141  

Section 10.3

 

Payment Account

     143  

Section 10.4

 

[Reserved.]

     143  

Section 10.5

 

Expense Reserve Account

     143  

Section 10.6

 

[Reserved.]

     144  

Section 10.7

 

Interest Advances

     144  

Section 10.8

 

Reports by Parties

     147  

Section 10.9

 

Reports; Accountings

     148  

Section 10.10

 

Release of Mortgage Assets; Release of Collateral

     150  

Section 10.11

 

[Reserved.]

     152  

Section 10.12

 

Information Available Electronically

     152  

Section 10.13

 

Investor Q&A Forum; Investor Registry

     155  

Section 10.14

 

Certain Procedures

     157  
ARTICLE 11

 

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

 

Section 11.1

 

Disbursements of Amounts from Payment Account

     158  

Section 11.2

 

Securities Accounts

     163  
ARTICLE 12

 

DISPOSITION OF MORTGAGE ASSETS; REINVESTMENT MORTGAGE ASSETS;

FUTURE FUNDING ESTIMATES

 

 

Section 12.1

 

Sales of Credit Risk Mortgage Assets and Defaulted Mortgage Assets

     164  

Section 12.2

 

Reinvestment Mortgage Assets

     167  

Section 12.3

 

Conditions Applicable to All Transactions Involving Sale or Grant

     168  

Section 12.4

 

Modifications to Note Protection Tests

     169  

Section 12.5

 

Ongoing Future Advance Estimates

     169  

 

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ARTICLE 13

 

NOTEHOLDERS’ RELATIONS

 

Section 13.1

 

Subordination

     171  

Section 13.2

 

Standard of Conduct

     173  
ARTICLE 14

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

Section 14.1

 

Form of Documents Delivered to the Trustee and Note Administrator

     174  

Section 14.2

 

Acts of Securityholders

     175  

Section 14.3

 

Notices, etc., to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Advancing Agent, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Placement Agents, the Collateral Manager and the Rating Agencies

     175  

Section 14.4

 

Notices to Noteholders; Waiver

     179  

Section 14.5

 

Effect of Headings and Table of Contents

     180  

Section 14.6

 

Successors and Assigns

     180  

Section 14.7

 

Severability

     180  

Section 14.8

 

Benefits of Indenture

     180  

Section 14.9

 

Governing Law; Waiver of Jury Trial

     180  

Section 14.10

 

Submission to Jurisdiction

     180  

Section 14.11

 

Counterparts

     181  

Section 14.12

 

Liability of Co-Issuers

     181  

Section 14.13

 

17g-5 Information

     181  

Section 14.14

 

Rating Agency Condition

     183  

Section 14.15

 

Patriot Act Compliance

     184  
ARTICLE 15

 

ASSIGNMENT OF THE MORTGAGE ASSET PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 

Section 15.1

 

Assignment of Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement

     184  
ARTICLE 16

 

ADVANCING AGENT

 

Section 16.1

 

Liability of the Advancing Agent

     186  

Section 16.2

 

Merger or Consolidation of the Advancing Agent

     187  

Section 16.3

 

Limitation on Liability of the Advancing Agent and Others

     187  

Section 16.4

 

Representations and Warranties of the Advancing Agent

     187  

 

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Section 16.5

 

Resignation and Removal; Appointment of Successor

     188  

Section 16.6

 

Acceptance of Appointment by Successor Advancing Agent

     189  

Section 16.7

 

Removal and Replacement of Backup Advancing Agent

     189  
ARTICLE 17

 

CURE RIGHTS; PURCHASE RIGHTS

 

Section 17.1

 

[Reserved]

     190  

Section 17.2

 

Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreements

     190  

Section 17.3

 

Representations and Warranties Related to Reinvestment Mortgage Assets

     190  

Section 17.4

 

[Reserved.]

     191  

Section 17.5

 

Purchase Right; Holder of a Majority of the Preferred Shares

     191  

 

SCHEDULES

 

Schedule A

 

Schedule of Closing Date Mortgage Assets

Schedule B

 

LIBOR

Schedule C

 

List of Authorized Officers of Collateral Manager

EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit A

 

Form of Offered Notes

Exhibit B

 

Form of Class E Notes and Class F Notes

Exhibit C-1

 

Form of Transfer Certificate – Regulation S Global Note

Exhibit C-2

 

Form of Transfer Certificate – Rule 144A Global Note

Exhibit C-3

 

Form of Transfer Certificate – Definitive Note

Exhibit D

 

Form of Custodian Post-Closing Certification

Exhibit E

 

Form of Request for Release

Exhibit F

 

Form of NRSRO Certification

Exhibit G

 

Form of Note Administrator’s Monthly Report

Exhibit H-1

 

Form of Investor Certification (for Non-Borrower Affiliates)

Exhibit H-2

 

Form of Investor Certification (for Borrower Affiliates)

Exhibit I

 

Form of Online Market Data Provider Certification

Exhibit J

 

Form of Auction Call Procedure

Exhibit K

 

Form of Officer’s Certificate of the Collateral Manager with Respect to the Acquisition of Mortgage Assets

 

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INDENTURE, dated as of November 29, 2018, by and among TRTX 2018-FL2 ISSUER, LTD., an exempted company incorporated with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands (the “Issuer”), TRTX 2018-FL2 CO-ISSUER, LLC, a limited liability company formed under the laws of Delaware (the “Co-Issuer”), TRTX CLO LOAN SELLER 2, LLC, a limited liability company formed under the laws of Delaware, as advancing agent (herein, together with its permitted successors and assigns in the trusts hereunder, the “Advancing Agent”), WILMINGTON TRUST, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, a national banking association, as trustee (in such capacity, together with its permitted successors and assigns in the trusts hereunder, the “Trustee”), and WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, a national banking association, and as note administrator, paying agent, calculation agent, transfer agent, authenticating agent, custodian, backup advancing agent and notes registrar (in all of the foregoing capacities, together with its permitted successors and assigns, the “Note Administrator”).

PRELIMINARY STATEMENT

Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer is duly authorized to execute and deliver this Indenture to provide for the Notes issuable as provided in this Indenture. All covenants and agreements made by the Issuer and Co-Issuer herein are for the benefit and security of the Secured Parties. The Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator, in all of its capacities hereunder, the Trustee and the Advancing Agent are entering into this Indenture, and the Trustee is accepting the trusts created hereby, for good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged.

All things necessary to make this Indenture a valid agreement of the Issuer and Co-Issuer in accordance with this Indenture’s terms have been done.

GRANTING CLAUSES

The Issuer hereby Grants to the Trustee, for the benefit and security of the Secured Parties, all of its right, title and interest in, to and under, in each case, whether now owned or existing, or hereafter acquired or arising out of (in each case, to the extent of the Issuer’s interest therein and specifically excluding any interest of the related Companion Participation Holder therein):

1. (a) the Closing Date Mortgage Assets listed on Schedule A hereto which the Issuer purchases on the Closing Date and causes to be delivered to the Trustee (or to the Custodian hereunder) herewith, including all payments thereon or with respect thereto, and all Mortgage Assets which are delivered to the Trustee (or to the Custodian hereunder) after the Closing Date pursuant to the terms hereof (including all Reinvestment Mortgage Assets and Exchange Mortgage Assets acquired by the Issuer after the Closing Date) and all payments thereon or with respect thereto, in each case, other than Retained Interest, if any, under, and as defined in, the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement,

(b) the Servicing Accounts, the Indenture Accounts and the related security entitlements and all income from the investment of funds in any of the foregoing at any time credited to any of the foregoing accounts,


(c) the Eligible Investments,

(d) the rights of the Issuer under the Collateral Management Agreement, the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the Servicing Agreement, the Registered Office Terms, the AML Services Agreement and the Company Administration Agreement,

(e) all amounts delivered to the Note Administrator (or its bailee) (directly or through a securities intermediary),

(f) all other investment property, instruments and general intangibles in which the Issuer has an interest, other than the Excepted Property,

(g) the Issuer’s ownership interest in, and rights to, all Permitted Subsidiaries, and

(h) all proceeds with respect to the foregoing clauses (a) through (g).

The collateral described in the foregoing clauses (a) through (h), with the exception of the Excepted Property, is referred to herein as the “Collateral.” Such Grants are made to secure the Offered Notes equally and ratably without prejudice, priority or distinction between any Offered Note and any other Offered Note for any reason, except as expressly provided in this Indenture (including, but not limited to, the Priority of Payments) and to secure (i) the payment of all amounts due on and in respect of the Notes in accordance with their terms, (ii) the payment of all other sums payable under this Indenture and (iii) compliance with the provisions of this Indenture, all as provided in this Indenture (together, the “Secured Obligations”). The foregoing Grant shall, for the purpose of determining the property subject to the lien of this Indenture, be deemed to include any securities and any investments granted by or on behalf of the Issuer to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties, whether or not such securities or such investments satisfy the criteria set forth in the definitions of “Mortgage Asset” or “Eligible Investment,” as the case may be.

Except to the extent otherwise provided in this Indenture, this Indenture shall constitute a security agreement under the laws of the State of New York applicable to agreements made and to be performed therein, for the benefit of the Noteholders. Upon the occurrence and during the continuation of any Event of Default hereunder, and in addition to any other rights available under this Indenture or any other Collateral held for the benefit and security of the Noteholders or otherwise available at law or in equity but subject to the terms hereof, the Trustee shall have all rights and remedies of a secured party under the laws of the State of New York and other applicable law to enforce the assignments and security interests contained herein and, in addition, shall have the right, subject to compliance with any mandatory requirements of applicable law and the terms of this Indenture, to exercise, sell or apply any rights and other interests assigned or pledged hereby in accordance with the terms hereof at public and private sale.

The Trustee acknowledges such Grants, accepts the trusts hereunder in accordance with the provisions hereof, and agrees to perform the duties herein in accordance with, and subject to, the terms hereof, in order that the interests of the Secured Parties may be adequately and effectively protected in accordance with this Indenture.

 

-2-


Notwithstanding anything in this Indenture to the contrary, for all purposes hereunder, no holder of the Class E Notes or the Class F Notes shall be a secured party for purposes of the Grant by virtue of holding such Notes.

CREDIT RISK RETENTION

On the Closing Date, Retention Holder will retain 100% of the Preferred Shares. The Preferred Shares are referred to in this Indenture as the EHRI. The fair value of the EHRI is $127,521,818.

As of the Closing Date, the aggregate outstanding Principal Balance of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets equals approximately $1,000,167,819.

ARTICLE 1

DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1 Definitions

Except as otherwise specified herein or as the context may otherwise require, the following terms have the respective meanings set forth below for all purposes of this Indenture, and the definitions of such terms are equally applicable both to the singular and plural forms of such terms and to the masculine, feminine and neuter genders of such terms. The word “including” and its variations shall mean “including without limitation.” Whenever any reference is made to an amount the determination of which is governed by Section 1.2 hereof, the provisions of Section 1.2 shall be applicable to such determination or calculation, whether or not reference is specifically made to Section 1.2, unless some other method of calculation or determination is expressly specified in the particular provision. All references in this Indenture to designated “Articles,” “Sections,” “Subsections” and other subdivisions are to the designated Articles, Sections, Subsections and other subdivisions of this Indenture as originally executed. The words “herein,” “hereof,” “hereunder” and other words of similar import refer to this Indenture as a whole and not to any particular Article, Section, Subsection or other subdivision.

17g-5 Information”: The meaning specified in Section 14.3(j) hereof.

17g-5 Information Provider”: The meaning specified in Section 14.13(a) hereof.

17g-5 Website”: A password-protected internet website maintained by the 17g-5 Information Provider, which shall initially be located at www.ctslink.com, under the “NRSRO” tab for this transaction. Any change of the 17g-5 Website shall only occur after notice has been delivered by the 17g-5 Information Provider to the Issuer, the Note Administrator, the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Collateral Manager, the Placement Agents and the Rating Agencies, which notice shall set forth the date of change and new location of the 17g-5 Website.

1940 Act”: Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended.

 

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Accepted Loan Servicer”: Any commercial mortgage loan master or primary servicer that (1) is engaged in the business of servicing commercial mortgage loans (with a minimum servicing portfolio of U.S.$100,000,000) that are comparable to the Mortgage Loans owned or to be owned by the Issuer, (2) as to which Moody’s has not cited servicing concerns of such servicer as the sole or material factor in any downgrade or withdrawal of the ratings (or placement on “watch status” in contemplation of a ratings downgrade or withdrawal) of securities in any commercial mortgage backed securities transaction serviced by such servicer prior to the time of determination and (3) within the prior twelve (12)-month period, has acted as a servicer in a commercial mortgage backed securities transaction rated by KBRA and KBRA has not cited servicing concerns of such servicer as the sole or material factor in any downgrade or withdrawal of the ratings (or placement on “watch status” in contemplation of a ratings downgrade or withdrawal) of securities in any commercial mortgage backed securities transaction serviced by such servicer prior to the time of determination.

Access Termination Notice”: The meaning specified in the Future Funding Agreement.

Account”: Any of the Servicing Accounts, the Indenture Accounts and the Preferred Share Distribution Account.

Accountants’ Report”: A report of a firm of Independent certified public accountants of recognized national reputation appointed by the Issuer pursuant to Section 10.13(a), which may be the firm of independent accountants that reviews or performs procedures with respect to the financial reports prepared by the Issuer or the Servicer.

Acquisition and Disposition Requirements”: With respect to any acquisition (whether by purchase, exchange or substitution) or disposition of a Mortgage Asset, satisfaction of each of the following conditions: (a) such Mortgage Asset is being acquired or disposed of in accordance with the terms and conditions set forth in this Indenture; (b) the acquisition or disposition of such Mortgage Asset does not result in a reduction or withdrawal of the then-current rating issued by Moody’s or KBRA on any Class of Notes then Outstanding; and (c) such Mortgage Asset is not being acquired or disposed of for the primary purpose of recognizing gains or decreasing losses resulting from market value changes.

Act” or “Act of Securityholders”: The meaning specified in Section 14.2 hereof.

Advance Rate”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Advancing Agent”: TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, solely in its capacity as advancing agent hereunder, unless a successor Person shall have become the Advancing Agent pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Advancing Agent” shall mean such successor Person.

Advancing Agent Fee”: The fee payable monthly in arrears on each Payment Date to the Advancing Agent in accordance with the Priority of Payments, equal to 0.02% per annum on the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes on such Payment Date prior to giving effect to distributions with respect to such Payment Date; which fee is hereby waived by the Advancing Agent for so long as (i) Seller (or any of its Affiliates) is the Advancing Agent and (ii) Retention Holder (or any of its Affiliates) owns the Preferred Shares. Such fee shall accrue on the basis of the actual number of days during the related Interest Accrual Period divided by 360.

 

-4-


Advisers Act”: The Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended.

Advisory Committee”: The meaning specified in the Collateral Management Agreement.

Affiliate” or “Affiliated”: With respect to a Person, (i) any other Person who, directly or indirectly, is in control of, or controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person or (ii) any other Person who is a director, Officer or employee (a) of such Person, (b) of any subsidiary or parent company of such Person or (c) of any Person described in clause (i) above. For the purposes of this definition, control of a Person shall mean the power, direct or indirect, (i) to vote more than 50% of the securities having ordinary voting power for the election of directors of such Person, or (ii) to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise; provided that neither the Company Administrator nor any other company, corporation or Person to which the Company Administrator provides directors and/or administrative services and/or acts as share trustee shall be an Affiliate of the Issuer or Co-Issuer; provided, further, that none of TRTX, the Collateral Manager, the Seller, Retention Holder or any of their subsidiaries shall be deemed to be Affiliates of the Issuer. The Note Administrator, the Servicer and Trustee may rely on certifications of any Holder or party hereto regarding such Person’s affiliations.

Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holder”: Any Companion Participation Holder that is the Seller or any Affiliate of the Seller.

Agent Members”: Members of, or participants in, the Depository, Clearstream, Luxembourg or Euroclear.

Aggregate Outstanding Amount”: With respect to any Class or Classes of the Notes as of any date of determination, the aggregate principal balance of such Class or Classes of Notes Outstanding as of such date of determination. The Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class C Notes, the Class D Notes, the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes will be increased by the amount of any Deferred Interest on such Classes.

Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance”: On any Measurement Date, the sum of (without duplication) (i) the aggregate Principal Balance of the Mortgage Assets and (ii) the aggregate Principal Balance of all Principal Proceeds held as Cash and Eligible Investments.

Aggregate Principal Balance”: When used with respect to any Mortgage Assets as of any date of determination, the sum of the Principal Balances on such date of determination of all such Mortgage Assets.

AML Compliance”: Compliance with the Cayman AML Regulations.

 

-5-


AML Services Agreement”: The AML Services Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date, by and between the Issuer and the AML Services Provider, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with its terms.

AML Services Provider”: TPG Capital BD, LLC, unless a successor Person shall have become the AML services provider pursuant to the applicable provisions of the AML Services Agreement, and thereafter “AML Services Provider” shall mean such successor Person.

Appraisal”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Appraisal Reduction Amount”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Article 15 Agreement”: The meaning specified in Section 15.1(a) hereof.

As-Stabilized LTV”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, as calculated by the Collateral Manager in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard, of the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset to the value estimate of the related mortgaged property as reflected in an appraisal that was obtained not more than twelve (12) months prior to the date of determination (or, if originated by the Seller or an affiliate thereof, not more than three (3) months prior to the date of origination), which value is based on the appraisal or portion of an appraisal that states an “as-stabilized” value and/or “as-renovated” value for such property, which may be based on the assumption that certain events will occur, including without limitation, with respect to the re-tenanting, renovation or other repositioning of such property and, may be based on the capitalization rate reflected in such appraisal; provided, that if the appraisal was not obtained within three (3) months prior to the date of determination, the Collateral Manager may adjust such capitalization rate in its reasonable good faith judgment executed in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard. In determining As-Stabilized LTV for any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset that is a Pari Passu Participation, the calculation of As-Stabilized LTV will take into account the outstanding Principal Balance of the Pari Passu Participation being acquired by the Issuer and the related Non-Acquired Participation(s) (assuming fully-funded). In determining the As-Stabilized LTV for any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset that is cross-collateralized with one or more other Mortgage Assets, the As-Stabilized LTV will be calculated with respect to the cross-collateralized group in the aggregate.

Asset Documents”: The loan agreement, note, mortgage, intercreditor agreement, participation agreement, co-lender agreement or other agreement pursuant to which a Mortgage Asset or Mortgage Loan has been issued or created and each other agreement that governs the terms of or secures the obligations represented by such Mortgage Asset or Mortgage Loan or of which holders of such Mortgage Asset or Mortgage Loan are the beneficiaries.

Auction Call Redemption”: The meaning specified in Section 9.1(d) hereof.

Authenticating Agent”: With respect to the Notes or a Class of the Notes, the Person designated by the Note Administrator to authenticate such Notes on behalf of the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 2.12 hereof.

 

-6-


Authorized Officer”: With respect to the Issuer or Co-Issuer, any Officer (or attorney-in-fact appointed by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer) who is authorized to act for the Issuer or Co-Issuer in matters relating to, and binding upon, the Issuer or Co-Issuer. With respect to the Collateral Manager, the Persons listed on Schedule C attached hereto or such other Person or Persons specified by the Collateral Manager by written notice to the other parties hereto. With respect to the Servicer, a “Responsible Officer” of the Servicer as set forth in the Servicing Agreement. With respect to the Note Administrator or the Trustee or any other bank or trust company acting as trustee of an express trust, a Trust Officer. Each party may receive and accept a certification of the authority of any other party as conclusive evidence of the authority of any Person to act, and such certification may be considered as in full force and effect until receipt by such other party of written notice to the contrary.

Backup Advancing Agent”: The Note Administrator, solely in its capacity as Backup Advancing Agent hereunder, or any successor Backup Advancing Agent; provided that any such successor Backup Advancing Agent must be a financial institution having a long-term unsecured debt rating at least equal to “A2” by Moody’s and a short-term unsecured debt rating from Moody’s at least equal to “P-1.”

Bankruptcy Code”: The federal Bankruptcy Code, Title 11 of the United States Code, Part V of the Companies Law (2018 Revision) of the Cayman Islands, the Bankruptcy Law (1997 Revision) of the Cayman Islands, the Companies Winding Up Rules 2018 of the Cayman Islands and the Foreign Bankruptcy Proceedings (International Cooperation) Rules 2018 of the Cayman Islands, each as amended from time to time.

Board of Directors”: With respect to the Issuer, the directors of the Issuer duly appointed in accordance with the Governing Documents of the Issuer and, with respect to the Co-Issuer, the LLC Managers duly appointed by the sole member of the Co-Issuer or otherwise.

Board Resolution”: With respect to the Issuer, a resolution of the Board of Directors of the Issuer and, with respect to the Co-Issuer, a resolution or unanimous written consent of the LLC Managers or the sole member of the Co-Issuer.

Business Day”: Any day other than (i) a Saturday or Sunday or (ii) a day on which commercial banks are authorized or required by applicable law, regulation or executive order to close in New York, New York, in the State of North Carolina or the location of the Corporate Trust Office of the Note Administrator or the Trustee, or (iii) days when the New York Stock Exchange or the Federal Reserve Bank of New York are closed.

Calculation Agent”: The meaning specified in Section 7.14(a) hereof.

Calculation Amount”: With respect to (i) any Mortgage Asset that is a Modified Mortgage Asset, the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset, minus any Appraisal Reduction Amount allocated to such Mortgage Asset; and (ii) any Mortgage Asset that is a Defaulted Mortgage Asset, the lowest of (a) the Moody’s Recovery Rate of such Mortgage Asset, multiplied by the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset, (b) the market value of such Mortgage Asset, as determined by the Collateral Manager in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard based upon, among other things, a recent appraisal and information from one or more third party commercial real estate brokers and such other information as the Collateral Manager deems appropriate and (c) the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset, minus any Appraisal Reduction Amount allocated to such Mortgage Asset.

 

-7-


With respect to any Participated Mortgage Loan, any Calculation Amount will be deemed allocated on a pro rata and pari passu basis among the related Participations (based on the outstanding principal balance thereof).

Cash”: Such coin or currency of the United States of America as at the time shall be legal tender for payment of all public and private debts.

Cayman AML Regulations”: The Anti-Money Laundering Regulations (2018 Revision) of the Cayman Islands, together with The Guidance Notes on the Prevention and Detection of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing in the Cayman Islands (or equivalent legislation and guidance, as applicable), and each as amended and revised from time to time.

Cayman FATCA Legislation”: The Cayman Islands Tax Information Authority Law (2017 Revision) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Standard for Automatic Exchange of Financial Account Information – Common Reporting Standard (each as amended) (including any implementing legislation, rules, regulations and guidance notes with respect to such laws), as amended from time to time.

Certificate of Authentication”: The meaning specified in Section 2.1 hereof.

Certificated Security”: A “certificated security” as defined in Section 8-102(a)(4) of the UCC.

Class”: The Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes, the Class D Notes, the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes, as applicable.

Class A Defaulted Interest Amount”: With respect to the Class A Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class A Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class A Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class A Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class A Notes on account of interest equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class A Rate.

Class A LIBOR Spread”: 1.13% per annum.

Class A Notes”: The Class A Senior Secured Floating Rate Notes, Due 2037, issued by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

 

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Class A Rate”: With respect to any Class A Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one-month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class A LIBOR Spread.

Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount”: With respect to the Class A-S Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class A-S Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class A-S Notes on account of interest equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A-S Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class A-S Rate.

Class A-S LIBOR Spread”: 1.45% per annum.

Class A-S Notes”: The Class A-S Second Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes, Due 2037, issued by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Class A-S Rate”: With respect to any Class A-S Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one-month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class A-S LIBOR Spread.

Class B Defaulted Interest Amount”: With respect to the Class B Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class B Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class B Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class B Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class B Notes on account of interest equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class B Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class B Rate.

Class B LIBOR Spread”: 1.65% per annum.

Class B Notes”: The Class B Third Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037, issued by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Class B Rate”: With respect to any Class B Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one-month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class B LIBOR Spread.

 

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Class C Defaulted Interest Amount”: If no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes or Class B Notes are outstanding, with respect to the Class C Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class C Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class C Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class C Deferred Interest Amount”: So long as any Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes or Class B Notes are Outstanding, any interest due on the Class C Notes that is not paid as a result of the operation of the Priority of Payments on any Payment Date.

Class C Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class C Notes on account of interest (including Deferred Interest) equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class C Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class C Rate.

Class C LIBOR Spread”: 2.30% per annum.

Class C Notes”: The Class C Fourth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037, issued by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Class C Rate”: With respect to any Class C Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class C LIBOR Spread.

Class D Defaulted Interest Amount”: If no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes or Class C Notes are outstanding, with respect to the Class D Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class D Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class D Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class D Deferred Interest Amount”: So long as any Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes or Class C Notes are Outstanding, any interest due on the Class D Notes that is not paid as a result of the operation of the Priority of Payments on any Payment Date.

Class D Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class D Notes on account of interest (including Deferred Interest) equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class D Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class D Rate.

Class D LIBOR Spread”: 2.70% per annum.

Class D Notes”: The Class D Fifth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037, issued by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

 

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Class D Rate”: With respect to any Class D Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class D LIBOR Spread.

Class E Defaulted Interest Amount”: If no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes or Class D Notes are outstanding, with respect to the Class E Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class E Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class E Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class E Deferred Interest Amount”: So long as any Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes or Class D Notes are Outstanding, any interest due on the Class E Notes that is not paid as a result of the operation of the Priority of Payments on any Payment Date.

Class E Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class E Notes on account of interest (including Deferred Interest) equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class E Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class E Rate.

Class E LIBOR Spread”: 4.00% per annum.

Class E Notes”: The Class E Sixth Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037, issued by the Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Class E Rate”: With respect to any Class E Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class E LIBOR Spread.

Class F Defaulted Interest Amount”: If no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes or Class E Notes are outstanding, with respect to the Class F Notes as of each Payment Date, the accrued and unpaid amount due to Holders of the Class F Notes on account of any shortfalls in the payment of the Class F Interest Distribution Amount with respect to any preceding Payment Date or Payment Dates, together with interest accrued thereon (to the extent lawful), at the applicable Note Rate.

Class F Deferred Interest Amount”: So long as any Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes or Class E Notes are Outstanding, any interest due on the Class F Notes that is not paid as a result of the operation of the Priority of Payments on any Payment Date.

Class F Interest Distribution Amount”: On each Payment Date, the amount due to Holders of the Class F Notes on account of interest (including Deferred Interest) equal to the product of (i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class F Notes on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period, (ii) the actual number of days in such Interest Accrual Period divided by 360 and (iii) the Class F Rate.

 

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Class F LIBOR Spread”: 5.00% per annum.

Class F Notes”: The Class F Seventh Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037, issued by the Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Class F Rate”: With respect to any Class F Note, the per annum rate at which interest accrues on such Note for any Interest Accrual Period, which shall be equal to (a) one month LIBOR for the related Interest Accrual Period plus (b) the Class F LIBOR Spread.

Clean-up Call”: The meaning specified in Section 9.1 hereof.

Clean-up Call Date”: The meaning specified in Section 9.1 hereof.

Clearing Agency”: An organization registered as a “clearing agency” pursuant to Section 17A of the Exchange Act.

Clearstream, Luxembourg”: Clearstream Banking, société anonyme, a limited liability company organized under the laws of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.

CLO Controlled Mortgage Assets”: Each Mortgage Asset that is not a Non-CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset. As of the Closing Date (i) each of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets identified on Schedule A hereto as “Sirata Beach Resort,” “Ace Hotel” and “24 Jones” will be a CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset and (ii) each of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets other than the Closing Date Mortgage Assets specified in (i) above will be Non-CLO Controlled Mortgage Assets.

Closing Date”: November 29, 2018.

Closing Date Mortgage Assets”: The Whole Loans and Pari Passu Participations listed on Schedule A attached hereto.

Code”: The United States Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Co-Issuer”: TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, a limited liability company formed under the laws of the State of Delaware, until a successor Person shall have become the Co-Issuer pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Co-Issuer” shall mean such successor Person.

Co-Issuers”: The Issuer and the Co-Issuer.

Collateral”: The meaning specified in the first paragraph of the Granting Clause of this Indenture.

Collateral Management Agreement”: The Collateral Management Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date, by and between the Issuer and the Collateral Manager, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with its terms.

 

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Collateral Management Standard”: The meaning set forth in the Collateral Management Agreement.

Collateral Manager”: TPG RE Finance Trust Management, L.P., each of TPG RE Finance Trust Management, L.P.’s permitted successors and assigns or any successor Person that shall have become the Collateral Manager pursuant to the provisions of the Collateral Management Agreement, and thereafter “Collateral Manager” shall mean such successor Person.

Collateral Manager Fee”: The meaning set forth in the Collateral Management Agreement.

Collection Account”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Companion Participation”: With respect to each Pari Passu Participation, the related companion participation interest in the related Participated Mortgage Loan that will not be held by the Issuer unless such Companion Participation is later acquired, in whole or in part, by the Issuer pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture. Upon any acquisition of a Companion Participation by the Issuer, such Companion Participation shall become a Mortgage Asset.

Companion Participation Holder”: The holder of any Companion Participation.

Company Administration Agreement”: The administration agreement, dated on or about the Closing Date, by and between the Issuer and the Company Administrator, as modified and supplemented and in effect from time to time.

Company Administrative Expenses”: All fees, expenses and other amounts due or accrued with respect to any Payment Date and payable by the Issuer, Co-Issuer or any Permitted Subsidiary (including legal fees and expenses) to (i) the Note Administrator and the Trustee pursuant to this Indenture or any co-trustee appointed pursuant to Section 6.7 hereof (including amounts payable by the Issuer as indemnification pursuant to this Indenture), (ii) the Company Administrator under the Company Administration Agreement (including amounts payable by the Issuer as indemnification pursuant to the Company Administration Agreement) and to provide for the costs of liquidating the Issuer following redemption of the Notes and the AML Services Provider under the AML Services Agreement, (iii) the LLC Managers (including indemnification), (iv) the independent accountants, agents and counsel of the Issuer for reasonable fees and expenses (including amounts payable in connection with the preparation of tax forms on behalf of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer), and any registered office and government filing fees, in each case, payable in the order in which invoices are received by the Issuer, (v) a Rating Agency for fees and expenses in connection with any rating (including the annual fee payable with respect to the monitoring of any rating) of the Notes, including fees and expenses due or accrued in connection with any credit assessment or rating of the Mortgage Assets, (vi) the Collateral Manager under this Indenture and the Collateral Management Agreement (including amounts payable by the Issuer as indemnification pursuant to this Indenture or the Collateral Management Agreement), (vii) other Persons as indemnification pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement, (viii) the Advancing Agent or other Persons as indemnification pursuant Section 16.3, (ix) the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor as indemnification or reimbursement of expenses

 

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pursuant to the Servicing Agreement, (x) the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee, (xi) the Preferred Share Paying Agent and the Share Registrar pursuant to the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement (including amounts payable as indemnification), (xii) each member of the Advisory Committee (including amounts payable as indemnification) under each agreement among such Advisory Committee member, the Collateral Manager and the Issuer (and the amounts payable by the Issuer to each member of the Advisory Committee as indemnification pursuant to each such agreement), (xiii) any other Person in respect of any governmental fee, charge or tax (including any FATCA and Cayman FATCA Legislation compliance costs) in relation to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer (in each case as certified by an authorized officer of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer to the Note Administrator), in each case, payable in the order in which invoices are received by the Issuer, (xiv) to the Participation Agent or the Participation Custodian (including amounts payable by the Issuer as indemnification) pursuant to the applicable Participation Agreement, this Indenture or, with respect to the Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Assets, the Participation Custodial Agreement with respect to any Participated Mortgage Loans and (xv) any other person in respect of any other fees or expenses (including indemnifications) permitted under this Indenture (including, without limitation, any costs or expenses incurred in connection with certain modeling systems and services) and the documents delivered pursuant to or in connection with this Indenture and the Notes and any amendment or other modification of any such documentation, in each case unless expressly prohibited under this Indenture (including, without limitation, the payment of all transaction fees and all legal and other fees and expenses required in connection with the purchase of any Mortgage Assets or any other transaction authorized by this Indenture), in each case, payable in the order in which invoices are received by the Issuer; provided that Company Administrative Expenses shall not include (a) amounts payable in respect of the Notes, and (b) any Collateral Manager Fee payable pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement.

Company Administrator”: MaplesFS Limited, a licensed trust company incorporated in the Cayman Islands, as administrator pursuant to the Company Administration Agreement, unless a successor Person shall have become administrator pursuant to the Company Administration Agreement, and thereafter, Company Administrator shall mean such successor Person.

Controlling Class”: The Class A Notes, so long as any Class A Notes are Outstanding, then the Class A-S Notes, so long as any Class A-S Notes are Outstanding, then the Class B Notes, so long as any Class B Notes are Outstanding, then the Class C Notes, so long as any Class C Notes are Outstanding, then the Class D Notes, so long as any Class D Notes are Outstanding, then the Class E Notes, so long as any Class E Notes are Outstanding, and then the Class F Notes, so long as any Class F Notes are Outstanding.

 

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Corporate Trust Office”: The designated corporate trust office of (a) the Trustee, currently located at 1100 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19890, Attention: CMBS Trustee – TRTX 2018-FL2, (b) the Note Administrator, currently located at (i) with respect to the delivery of Asset Documents, at 1055 10th Avenue SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55414, Attention: Document Custody Group, (ii) with respect to the delivery of Note transfers and surrenders, at 600 South 4th St., 7th Floor, MAC N9300-070 Minneapolis, Minnesota 55479; and (iii) for all other purposes, at 9062 Old Annapolis Road, Columbia, Maryland 21045-1951, Attention: Corporate Trust Services (CMBS), TRTX 2018-FL2, telecopy number (410) 715-2380 or (c) such other address as the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, may designate from time to time by notice to the Noteholders, the Holder of the Preferred Shares, the 17g-5 Information Provider and the parties hereto.

Credit Risk/Defaulted Mortgage Asset Cash Purchase”: The meaning specified in Section 12.1(b) hereof.

Credit Risk Mortgage Asset”: Any Mortgage Asset that, in the Collateral Manager’s reasonable business judgment and in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard, has a significant risk of imminently becoming a Defaulted Mortgage Asset. The Collateral Manager shall notify the 17g-5 Information Provider and, so long as KBRA is a Rating Agency, KBRA of any determination (such notice to include the basis for such determination) that a Mortgage Asset is a Credit Risk Mortgage Asset.

Credit Risk Mortgage Asset Exchange”: The meaning specified in Section 12.1(d) hereof.

CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset and for any Payment Date, an amount accrued during the related Interest Accrual Period at the CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate on the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset as of the close of business on the Determination Date in such Interest Period. Such amounts shall be computed for the same period and on the same interest accrual basis respecting which any related interest payment due or deemed due on the related Mortgage Asset is computed and shall be prorated for partial periods.

CREFC® Intellectual Property Royalty License Fee Rate”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset, a rate equal to 0.0005% per annum.

Custodial Account”: An account at the Securities Intermediary established pursuant to Section 10.1(b) hereof.

Custodian”: The meaning specified in Section 3.3(a) hereof.

Default”: Any Event of Default or any occurrence that is, or with notice or the lapse of time or both would become, an Event of Default.

Defaulted Interest Amount”: The Class A Defaulted Interest Amount, the Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount, the Class B Defaulted Interest Amount, the Class C Defaulted Interest Amount, the Class D Defaulted Interest Amount, the Class E Defaulted Interest Amount or the Class F Defaulted Interest Amount, as the context requires.

 

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Defaulted Mortgage Asset”: Any Mortgage Asset for which the related Mortgage Loan is a Defaulted Mortgage Loan.

Defaulted Mortgage Asset Exchange”: The meaning specified in Section 12.1(d) hereof.

Defaulted Mortgage Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan as to which there has occurred and is continuing for more than sixty (60) days either: (x) a payment default (after giving effect to any applicable grace period but without giving effect to any waiver); or (y) a material non-monetary event of default that is known to the Special Servicer and has occurred and is continuing (after giving effect to any applicable grace period but without giving effect to any waiver).

Deferred Interest”: The meaning specified in Section 2.7(a).

Deferred Interest Notes”: The Class C Notes, the Class D Notes, the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes, to the extent such Class is not the most senior Class Outstanding.

Definitive Notes”: The meaning specified in Section 2.2(b) hereof.

Depository” or “DTC”: The Depository Trust Company, its nominees, and their respective successors.

Determination Date”: The 11th day of each month or, if such date is not a Business Day, the next succeeding Business Day, commencing on the Determination Date in December 2018.

Disposition Limitation Threshold”: The time at which the sum of (i) the cumulative aggregate Principal Balance of Credit Risk Mortgage Assets (other than those that are Defaulted Mortgage Assets) sold by the Issuer to the Collateral Manager or its affiliates, plus (ii) the cumulative aggregate Principal Balance of Credit Risk Mortgage Assets exchanged for Exchange Mortgage Assets, is equal to or greater than 10% of the aggregate Principal Balance of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets as of the Closing Date.

Disqualified Transferee”: The meaning specified in Section 2.5(l) hereof.

Dissolution Expenses”: The amount of expenses reasonably likely to be incurred in connection with the discharge of this Indenture, the liquidation of the Collateral and the dissolution of the Co-Issuers, as reasonably certified by the Collateral Manager or the Issuer, based in part on expenses incurred by the Trustee and Note Administrator and reported to the Collateral Manager.

Dollar,” “U.S.$” or “$”: A U.S. dollar or other equivalent unit in Cash.

Due Period”: With respect to any Payment Date, the period commencing on the day immediately succeeding the second preceding Determination Date (or commencing on the Closing Date, in the case of the Due Period relating to the first Payment Date) and ending on and including the Determination Date immediately preceding such Payment Date.

 

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EHRI”: The Preferred Shares, which are retained by Retention Holder on the Closing Date.

Eligibility Criteria”: The criteria set forth below with respect to any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset, compliance with which shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate of the Collateral Manager delivered to the Trustee as of the date of such acquisition:

(i) it is a whole Mortgage Loan, a trust certificate representing a 100% beneficial interest in a whole Mortgage Loan, or a senior participation in a whole Mortgage Loan that is secured by a Multifamily Property, Office Property, Industrial Property, Retail Property, Self-Storage Property, Hospitality Property, Student Housing Property or Mixed-Use Property;

(ii) the aggregate Principal Balance of the Mortgage Assets secured by properties that are of the following types are subject to limitations as follows: (a) Office Properties does not exceed 50.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (b) Industrial Properties does not exceed 40.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (c) Retail Properties does not exceed 15.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (d) Hospitality Properties does not exceed 20.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (e) Self-Storage Properties does not exceed 7.5% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (f) Student Housing Properties does not exceed 5.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance and (g) Mixed-Use Properties does not exceed 30.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance (it being understood that, for all purposes hereof, no concentration limitation will apply with respect to Multifamily Properties);

(iii) the obligor is incorporated or organized under the laws of, and the Mortgage Asset is secured by property located in, the United States;

(iv) it provides for monthly payments of interest at a floating rate based on one-month LIBOR (or, if LIBOR is unavailable, the Successor Benchmark Rate);

(v) it has a Moody’s Rating;

(vi) it has a maturity date, assuming the exercise of all extension options (if any) that are exercisable at the option of the related borrower under the terms of such Mortgage Asset, that is not more than seven (7) years from its first payment date;

(vii) it is not an Equity Interest;

(viii) it is not a ground-up construction loan;

(ix) the Collateral Manager has determined that it has an As-Stabilized LTV that is not greater than (i) in the case of Mortgage Assets secured by Multifamily Properties, Office Properties, Industrial Properties, Retail Properties, Self-Storage Properties, Student Housing Properties or Mixed-Use Properties, 75% and (ii) in the case of Mortgage Assets secured by Hospitality Properties, 70%;

(x) the Collateral Manager has determined that it has an U/W Stabilized NCF DSCR that is not less than (i) in the case of Mortgage Assets secured by Multifamily Properties, 1.15x, (ii) in the case of Mortgage Assets secured by Office Properties, Industrial Properties, Retail Properties, Self-Storage Properties, Student Housing Properties and Mixed-Use Properties, 1.25x, and (iii) in the case of Hospitality Properties, 1.40x;

 

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(xi) the Collateral Manager has determined that it has an Originated As-Is LTV that is not greater than 85%;

(xii) the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset (plus any previously-acquired participation interests in the same underlying Mortgage Loan, including any participation interests that were included as part of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets) is not greater than $80,000,000;

(xiii) (A) the Weighted Average Life of the Mortgage Assets, assuming the exercise of all contractual extension options (if any) that are exercisable by the borrower under each Mortgage Asset, is less than or equal to the number of years (rounded to the nearest one hundredth thereof) during the period from such date of determination to 5.50 years from the Closing Date;

(B) the Weighted Average Spread of the Mortgage Assets is not less than 3.25%;

(C) the aggregate Principal Balance of Mortgage Assets secured by Mortgaged Properties located in (x) California, Florida and New York is (in each case) no more than 40.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, (y) Texas and New Jersey is (in each case) no more than 30.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance and (z) any other state is (in each case) no more than 20.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance; and

(D) the Herfindahl Score is greater than or equal to 17;

(xiv) the Moody’s Rating Factor for such Mortgage Asset is equal to or less than a Moody’s Rating Factor that corresponds to a Moody’s Rating of “Caa1”;

(xv) a No Downgrade Confirmation has been received from KBRA with respect to the acquisition of such Mortgage Asset;

(xvi) the sum of the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset and the Principal Balance of all Mortgage Assets that have the same guarantor or an affiliated guarantor does not exceed 20.0% of the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance;

(xvii) it will not require the Issuer to make any future payments after the Issuer’s purchase thereof;

(xviii) if it is a Mortgage Asset with a related Future Funding Companion Participation:

(A) the Future Funding Indemnitor has Segregated Liquidity (evidenced by a certification) in an amount at least equal to the greater of (i) the Largest One Quarter Future Advance Estimate and (ii) the Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for the immediately following two calendar quarters (based on the Future Funding Amounts for all outstanding Future Funding Companion Participations related to the Mortgage Assets);

 

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(B) the maximum principal amount of all Future Funding Companion Participations with respect to all Mortgage Assets does not exceed 20.0% of the maximum commitment amount of all Participated Mortgage Loans (which, with respect to each Mortgage Asset, will equal the sum of (i) the related initial Principal Balance and (ii) any related Future Funding Amount); and

(C) the maximum principal amount of the related Future Funding Companion Participation does not exceed 35.0% of the maximum principal amount (including all related funded and unfunded Participations) of the related Participated Mortgage Loan;

(xix) it is not prohibited under its Asset Documents from being purchased by the Issuer and pledged to the Trustee;

(xx) it is not currently the subject of discussions between lender and the borrower to amend, modify or waive any material provision of any of the related Asset Documents in such a manner as would adversely affect the performance of the related Mortgage Loan;

(xxi) it is not an interest that, in the Collateral Manager’s reasonable business judgment, has a significant risk of declining in credit quality or, with lapse of time or notice, becoming a Defaulted Mortgage Asset;

(xxii) it is not a Defaulted Mortgage Asset (as determined by the Collateral Manager after reasonable inquiry);

(xxiii) it is Dollar denominated and may not be converted into an obligation payable in any other currencies;

(xxiv) if such Mortgage Asset is a senior participation, it does not have “buy/sell” rights as a dispute resolution mechanism;

(xxv) it provides for the repayment of principal at not less than par no later than upon its maturity or upon redemption, acceleration or its full prepayment;

(xxvi) it is serviced pursuant to the Servicing Agreement or it is serviced by an Accepted Loan Servicer pursuant to a commercial mortgage servicing arrangement that includes servicing provisions substantially similar to those that are standard in commercial mortgage-backed securities (“CMBS”) transactions;

(xxvii) it is purchased from the Seller, TRTX, Sub-REIT, or a wholly-owned subsidiary of TRTX, and the requirements set forth in this Indenture regarding the representations and warranties with respect to such Mortgage Asset and the underlying mortgaged property (as applicable) have been met (subject to such exceptions as are reasonably acceptable to the Collateral Manager);

(xxviii) if it is a participation interest, the related Participating Institution is (and any “qualified transferee” is required to be) any of (1) a “special purpose entity” or a “qualified institutional lender” as such terms are typically defined in the Asset Documents related to participations; (2) an entity (or a wholly-owned subsidiary of an entity) that has (y) a long-term

 

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unsecured debt rating from Moody’s of “A3” or higher, and (z) a long-term unsecured debt rating from KBRA of “A-” or higher (if rated by KBRA, or if not rated by KBRA, an equivalent (or higher) rating by any two other NRSROs (which may include Moody’s)) (3) a securitization trust, a collateralized loan obligation (“CLO”) issuer or a similar securitization vehicle, or (4) a special purpose entity that is 100% directly or indirectly owned by TRTX or Sub-REIT, for so long as the separateness provisions of its organizational documents have not been amended (unless the Rating Agency Condition was satisfied in connection with such amendment) (such Participating Institution, a “Qualified Participating Institution”), and if any Participating Institution is not the Issuer, the related Asset Documents will be held by a third party custodian;

(xxix) its acquisition will be in compliance with Section 206 of the Advisers Act;

(xxx) its acquisition, ownership, enforcement and disposition will not cause the Issuer to fail to be a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT unless a No Trade or Business Opinion has previously been received (which opinion may be conditioned on compliance with certain restrictions on the investment or other activity of the Issuer and/or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer);

(xxxi) its acquisition would not cause the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the pool of Mortgage Assets to be required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act; and if the borrowers with respect to the Mortgage Asset are excepted from the definition of an “investment company” solely by reason of Section 3(c)(1) of the 1940 Act, then either (x) such Mortgage Asset does not constitute a “voting security” for purposes of the 1940 Act or (y) the aggregate amount of such Mortgage Asset held by the Issuer is less than 10% of the entire issue of such Mortgage Asset;

(xxxii) it does not provide for any payments which are or will be subject to deduction or withholding for or on account of any withholding or similar tax (other than withholding on amendment, modification and waiver fees, late payment fees, commitment fees, exit fees, extension fees or similar fees), unless the borrower under such Mortgage Asset is required to make “gross up” payments that ensure that the net amount actually received by the Issuer (free and clear of taxes) will equal the full amount that the Issuer would have received had no such deduction or withholding been required;

(xxxiii) after giving effect to its acquisition, together with the acquisition of any other Mortgage Assets to be acquired (or as to which a binding commitment to acquire was entered into) on the same date, the aggregate Principal Balance of Mortgage Assets held by the Issuer that are EU Retention Holder Originated Mortgage Assets is in excess of 50% of the aggregate Principal Balance of Mortgage Assets held by the Issuer;

(xxxiv) it is not acquired for the primary purpose of recognizing gains or decreasing losses resulting from market value changes;

provided, however, that any determination of a percentage pursuant to the Eligibility Criteria (except for the Weighted Average Spread of all Mortgage Assets) shall be rounded to the nearest 1/10th of one percent.

 

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Eligible Account”: Means:

(a) an account maintained with a federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company or an account or accounts maintained with the Note Administrator that has, in each case, (i) a long-term unsecured debt rating at least equal to “A2” by Moody’s and (ii) a short-term unsecured debt rating at least equal to “P-1” by Moody’s;

(b) a segregated trust account maintained with the trust department of a federal or state chartered depository institution or trust company acting in its fiduciary capacity; provided that (i) any such institution or trust company has a long-term unsecured rating of at least “A2” by Moody’s, (ii) a capital surplus of at least U.S.$200,000,000 and (iii) any such account is subject to fiduciary funds on deposit regulations (or internal guidelines) substantially similar to 12 C.F. R. § 9.10(b); or

(c) any other account approved by the Rating Agencies.

Eligible Investments”: Any Dollar-denominated investment, the maturity for which corresponds to the Issuer’s expected or potential need for funds, that, at the time it is Granted to the Trustee (directly or through a Securities Intermediary or bailee) is Registered and is one or more of the following obligations or securities:

(i) direct obligations of, and obligations the timely payment of principal of and interest on which is fully and expressly guaranteed by, the United States, or any agency or instrumentality of the United States, the obligations of which are expressly backed by the full faith and credit of the United States;

(ii) demand and time deposits in, certificates of deposit of, bankers’ acceptances issued by, or federal funds sold by, any depository institution or trust company incorporated under the laws of the United States or any state thereof or the District of Columbia (including the Note Administrator or the commercial department of any successor Note Administrator, as the case may be; provided that such successor otherwise meets the criteria specified herein) and subject to supervision and examination by federal and/or state banking authorities so long as the commercial paper and/or the debt obligations of such depositary institution or trust company (or, in the case of the principal depositary institution in a holding company system, the commercial paper or debt obligations of such holding company) at the time of such investment or contractual commitment providing for such investment have a long-term unsecured debt rating not less than “Aa3” by Moody’s, and a short-term unsecured debt rating not less than “P-1” by Moody’s;

(iii) unleveraged repurchase or forward purchase obligations with respect to (a) any security described in clause (i) above or (b) any other security issued or guaranteed by an agency or instrumentality of the United States of America, in either case entered into with a depository institution or trust company (acting as principal) described in clause (ii) above (including the Note Administrator or the commercial department of any successor Note Administrator, as the case may be; provided that such Person otherwise meets the criteria specified herein) or entered into with a corporation (acting as principal) whose long-term unsecured debt rating is not less than “Aa3” by Moody’s, and whose short-term unsecured debt rating is not less than “P-1” by Moody’s;

 

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(iv) commercial paper or other similar short-term obligations (including that of the Note Administrator or the commercial department of any successor Note Administrator, as the case may be, or any affiliate thereof; provided that such Person otherwise meets the criteria specified herein) having at the time of such investment a short-term unsecured debt rating not less than “P-1” by Moody’s; provided, further, that the issuer thereof must also have at the time of such investment a senior long-term unsecured debt rating of not less than “Aa3” by Moody’s;

(v) the Wells Fargo Money Market Fund, or any other money market fund (including those managed or advised by the Note Administrator or its Affiliates) that maintain a constant asset value and that are rated “Aaa-mf” by Moody’s; and

(vi) any other investment similar to those described in clauses (i) through (v) above that (1) each of Moody’s and KBRA have confirmed may be included in the portfolio of Assets as an Eligible Investment without adversely affecting its then-current ratings on the Notes and (2) has a long-term credit rating of not less than “Aa3” by Moody’s and a short-term unsecured debt rating not less than “P-1” by Moody’s;

provided that mortgage-backed securities and interest only securities shall not constitute Eligible Investments; and provided, further, that (a) Eligible Investments shall not have a maturity in excess of 365 days and shall have a fixed principal amount due at maturity that cannot vary or change, (b) Eligible Investments acquired with funds in the Payment Account shall include only such obligations or securities that mature no later than the Business Day prior to the next Payment Date succeeding the acquisition of such obligations or securities, (c) Eligible Investments shall not include obligations bearing interest at inverse floating rates, (d) Eligible Investments shall be treated as indebtedness for U.S. federal income tax purposes and such investment shall not cause the Issuer to fail to be treated as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT (unless the Issuer has previously received a No Trade or Business Opinion, in which case the investment will not cause the Issuer to be treated as a foreign corporation engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes), (e) Eligible Investments shall not be subject to deduction or withholding for or on account of any withholding or similar tax (other than any taxes imposed pursuant to FATCA), unless the payor is required to make “gross up” payments that ensure that the net amount actually received by the Issuer (free and clear of taxes, whether assessed against such obligor or the Issuer) will equal the full amount that the Issuer would have received had no such deduction or withholding been required, (f) Eligible Investments shall not be purchased for a price in excess of par; (g) notwithstanding the minimum unsecured debt rating requirements set forth in clauses (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) above, Eligible Investments with maturities of 30 days or less shall only require short-term unsecured debt ratings and shall not require long-term unsecured debt ratings; and (h) Eligible Investments shall not include margin stock.

Entitlement Order”: The meaning specified in Section 8-102(a)(8) of the UCC.

 

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Equity Interest”: A security or other interest that does not entitle the holder thereof to receive periodic payments of interest and one or more installments of principal, including (i) any bond or note or similar instrument that is by its terms convertible into or exchangeable for an equity interest, (ii) any bond or note or similar instrument that includes warrants or other interests that entitle its holder to acquire an equity interest, or (iii) any other similar instrument that would not entitle its holder to receive periodic payments of interest or a return of a residual value.

ERISA”: The United States Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

EU Risk Retention Agreement”: That certain E.U. Risk Retention Letter among Retention Holder, the Sponsor, the Issuer, the Collateral Manager, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, and the Note Administrator, dated as of the Closing Date.

EU Retention Holder Originated Mortgage Asset”: A Mortgage Asset that the EU Retention Holder either (i) has purchased for its own account and held for a period of not less than 15 Business Days, or will purchase for its own account and hold for a period of not less than 15 Business Days, prior to selling or transferring such Mortgage Asset to the Issuer or (ii) itself or through related entities, directly or indirectly, was involved in the original agreement which created such Mortgage Asset, in each case, as contemplated by Article 4(13) of the CRR.

EU Risk Retention Laws”: Each of (i) Articles 404-410 (inclusive) of the European Union Regulation (EU) No 575/2013 on prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms and amending Regulation (EU) No 648/2012, together with EU Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 625/2014 and any other regulatory and/or implementing technical standards, and any guidance published in relation thereto by the European Banking Authority, European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority or the European Securities and Markets Authority, (ii) Article 17 of European Union Directive 2011/61/EU on Alternative Investment Fund Managers, as implemented by Section 5 of Chapter III of the EU Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 231/2013, any guidance published in relation thereto by the European Banking Authority, European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority or the European Securities and Markets Authority, and any implementing laws or regulations in force in any member state of the European Union and (iii) European Union Directive 2009/138/EC on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance (Solvency II).

Euroclear”: Euroclear Bank S.A./N.V., as operator of the Euroclear system.

Event of Default”: The meaning specified in Section 5.1 hereof.

Excepted Property”: (i) The U.S.$250 proceeds of share capital contributed by Retention Holder as the holder of the ordinary shares of the Issuer, the U.S.$250 representing a profit fee to the Issuer, and, in each case, any interest earned thereon and the bank account in which such amounts are held and (ii) the Preferred Share Distribution Account and all of the funds and other property from time to time deposited in or credited to the Preferred Share Distribution Account.

Exchange Act”: The Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

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Exchange Mortgage Asset”: The meaning specified in Section 12.1(d) hereof.

Expense Reserve Account”: The account established pursuant to Section 10.5(a) hereof.

Expense Year”: Each 12-month period commencing on the Business Day following the Payment Date occurring in December and ending on the Payment Date occurring in the following December.

FATCA”: Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Indenture (or any amended or successor version that is substantially comparable) and any current or future Treasury regulations promulgated thereunder, and any related provisions of law, court decisions, administrative guidance or agreements with any taxing authority (or laws thereof) in respect thereof, including any agreements entered into pursuant to section 1471(b)(1) of the Code or any U.S. or non-U.S. fiscal or regulatory legislation, rules, guidance notes or practices adopted pursuant to any intergovernmental agreement entered into in connection with the implementation of such sections of the Code of analogous provisions of non-U.S. law. For the avoidance of doubt, “FATCA” shall also refer to Cayman FATCA Legislation.

Financial Asset”: The meaning specified in Section 8-102(a)(9) of the UCC.

Financing Statements”: Financing statements relating to the Collateral naming the Issuer, as debtor, and the Trustee, on behalf of the Secured Parties, as secured party.

Future Funding Account Control Agreement”: Any account control agreement entered into in accordance with the terms of the Future Funding Agreement by and among the Seller, the Trustee, as secured party, the Note Administrator and an account bank, as the same may be amended, supplemented or replaced from time to time.

Future Funding Agreement”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Future Funding Amount”: With respect to a Participated Mortgage Loan, any unfunded future funding obligations of the lender thereunder.

Future Funding Companion Participation”: With respect to a Participated Mortgage Loan that has any remaining Future Funding Amounts, the Companion Participation in such Participated Mortgage Loan the holder of which is obligated to fund such Future Funding Amounts.

Future Funding Controlled Reserve Account”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Future Funding Indemnitor”: Holdco, and its successors in interest.

Future Funding Participation Agreement”: With respect to a Future Funding Companion Participation, the related Participation Agreement.

GAAP”: The meaning specified in Section 6.3(k) hereof.

 

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General Intangible”: The meaning specified in Section 9-102(a)(42) of the UCC.

Global Notes”: The Rule 144A Global Notes and the Regulation S Global Notes.

Governing Documents”: With respect to (i) the Issuer, the memorandum and articles of association of the Issuer, as amended and restated and/or supplemented and in effect from time to time and certain resolutions of its Board of Directors and (ii) all other Persons, the articles of incorporation, certificate of incorporation, by-laws, certificate of limited partnership, limited partnership agreement, limited liability company agreement, certificate of formation, articles of association and similar charter documents, as applicable to any such Person.

Government Items”: A security (other than a security issued by the Government National Mortgage Association) issued or guaranteed by the United States of America or an agency or instrumentality thereof representing a full faith and credit obligation of the United States of America and, with respect to each of the foregoing, that is maintained in book-entry form on the records of a Federal Reserve Bank.

Grant”: To grant, bargain, sell, warrant, alienate, remise, demise, release, convey, assign, transfer, mortgage, pledge, create and grant a security interest in and right of set-off against, deposit, set over and confirm. A Grant of the Collateral or of any other security or instrument shall include all rights, powers and options (but none of the obligations) of the granting party thereunder, including without limitation the immediate continuing right to claim, collect, receive and take receipt for principal and interest payments in respect of the Collateral (or any other security or instrument), and all other amounts payable thereunder, to give and receive notices and other communications, to make waivers or other agreements, to exercise all rights and options, to bring Proceedings in the name of the granting party or otherwise, and generally to do and receive anything that the granting party is or may be entitled to do or receive thereunder or with respect thereto.

Herfindahl Score”: As of any date of determination, an amount determined by dividing (i) one by (ii) the sum of the series of products obtained for each Mortgage Asset (including any Companion Participation which is then acquired) and Principal Proceeds collected and not yet distributed, by squaring the quotient of (x) the outstanding principal balance on such date of each such Mortgage Asset (or in the case of Principal Proceeds, in increments of $5,000,000) and (y) the aggregate outstanding principal balance of all Mortgage Assets on such date.

Holdco”: TPG RE Finance Trust Holdco, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and its successors-in-interest, a wholly owned subsidiary of TRTX.

Holder” or “Securityholder”: With respect to any Note, the Person in whose name such Note is registered in the Notes Register. With respect to any Preferred Share, the Person in whose name such Preferred Share is registered in the register maintained by the Share Registrar.

Holder AML Obligations”: The obligations of each holder of the Securities to (i) provide the Issuer or its agents with such information and documentation that may be required for the Issuer to achieve AML Compliance and (ii) update or replace such information or documentation as may be necessary.

 

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Hospitality Property”: A real property comprised of hospitality space as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from hospitality space.

IAI”: An institution that is an “accredited investor” within the meaning of Rule 501(a)(1), (2), (3) or (7) under Regulation D under the Securities Act or an entity in which all of the equity owners are such “accredited investors.”

Indenture”: This instrument as originally executed and, if from time to time supplemented or amended by one or more indentures supplemental hereto entered into pursuant to the applicable provisions hereof, as so supplemented or amended.

Indenture Accounts”: The Payment Account, the Reinvestment Account, the Expense Reserve Account and the Custodial Account.

Independent”: As to any Person, any other Person (including, in the case of an accountant, or lawyer, a firm of accountants or lawyers and any member thereof or an investment bank and any member thereof) who (i) does not have and is not committed to acquire any material direct or any material indirect financial interest in such Person or in any Affiliate of such Person, and (ii) is not connected with such Person as an Officer, employee, promoter, underwriter, voting trustee, partner, director or Person performing similar functions. “Independent” when used with respect to any accountant may include an accountant who audits the books of such Person if in addition to satisfying the criteria set forth above the accountant is independent with respect to such Person within the meaning of Rule 101 of the Code of Ethics of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

Whenever any Independent Person’s opinion or certificate is to be furnished to the Trustee or Note Administrator such opinion or certificate shall state, or shall be deemed to state, that the signer has read this definition and that the signer is Independent within the meaning hereof.

Industrial Property”: A real property comprised of industrial space as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from industrial space.

Inquiry”: The meaning specified in Section 10.13(a) hereof.

Instrument”: The meaning specified in Section 9-102(a)(47) of the UCC.

Interest Accrual Period”: With respect to the Notes and (i) the first Payment Date, the period from and including the Closing Date to but excluding such first Payment Date and (ii) each successive Payment Date, the period from and including the immediately preceding Payment Date to, but excluding, such Payment Date.

Interest Advance”: The meaning specified in Section 10.7(a) hereof.

 

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Interest Coverage Ratio”: As of any Measurement Date, the number (expressed as a percentage) calculated by dividing:

(a) (i)(A) the sum of cash on deposit in the Expense Reserve Account, plus (B) the expected scheduled interest payments due (in each case regardless of whether the due date for any such interest payment has yet occurred) in the Due Period in which such Measurement Date occurs on (x) the Mortgage Assets (excluding, subject to clause (3) of the last paragraph of this definition, accrued and unpaid interest on Defaulted Mortgage Assets); provided that no interest (or dividends or other distributions) will be included with respect to any Mortgage Asset to the extent that such Mortgage Asset does not provide for the scheduled payment of interest (or dividends or other distributions) in cash; and (y) the Eligible Investments held in the applicable collateral accounts (whether purchased with Interest Proceeds or Principal Proceeds), plus (C) Interest Advances, if any, advanced by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, with respect to the related Payment Date, minus (ii) any amounts scheduled to be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(i)(1) through (4) (other than any Collateral Manager Fees that the Collateral Manager has agreed to waive in accordance with this Indenture and the Collateral Management Agreement); by

(b) the sum of (i) the scheduled interest on the Class A Notes payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (ii) any Class A Defaulted Interest Amount payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (iii) the scheduled interest on the Class A-S Notes payable immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (iv) any Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (v) the scheduled interest on the Class B Notes payable immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (vi) any Class B Defaulted Interest Amount payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (vii) the scheduled interest on the Class C Notes payable immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (viii) any Class C Defaulted Interest Amount and Class C Deferred Interest Amount payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (ix) the scheduled interest on the Class D Notes payable immediately following such Measurement Date, plus (x) any Class D Defaulted Interest Amount and Class D Deferred Interest Amount payable on the Payment Date immediately following such Measurement Date.

For purposes of calculating any Interest Coverage Ratio, (1) the expected interest income on the Mortgage Assets and Eligible Investments and the expected interest payable on the Offered Notes shall be calculated using the interest rates applicable thereto on the applicable Measurement Date, (2) accrued original issue discount on Eligible Investments shall be deemed to be a scheduled interest payment thereon due on the date such original issue discount is scheduled to be paid, (3) there will be excluded all scheduled or deferred payments of interest on or principal of Mortgage Assets and any payment that the Collateral Manager has determined in its reasonable judgment will not be made in cash or received when due and (4) with respect to any Mortgage Asset as to which any interest or other payment thereon is subject to withholding tax of any relevant jurisdiction, each payment thereon shall be deemed to be payable net of such withholding tax unless the related borrower is required to make additional payments to fully compensate the Issuer for such withholding taxes (including in respect of any such additional payments).

Interest Coverage Test”: The test that will be met as of any Measurement Date on which any Offered Notes remain outstanding if the Interest Coverage Ratio as of such Measurement Date is equal to or greater than 120.0%.

 

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Interest Distribution Amount”: Each of the Class A Interest Distribution Amount, the Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount, the Class B Interest Distribution Amount, the Class C Interest Distribution Amount, the Class D Interest Distribution Amount, the Class E Interest Distribution Amount and the Class F Interest Distribution Amount.

Interest Proceeds”: With respect to any Payment Date, (A) the sum (without duplication) of:

(1) all Cash payments of interest (including any deferred interest and any amount representing the accreted portion of a discount from the face amount of a Mortgage Asset or an Eligible Investment) or other distributions (excluding Principal Proceeds) received during the related Due Period on all Mortgage Assets other than Defaulted Mortgage Assets (net of any fees and other compensation and reimbursement of expenses and Servicing Advances and interest thereon (but not net of amounts payable pursuant to any indemnification provisions) to which the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor are entitled pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement) and Eligible Investments, including, in the Collateral Manager’s commercially reasonable discretion (exercised as of the trade date), the accrued interest received in connection with a sale of such Mortgage Assets or Eligible Investments (to the extent such accrued interest was not applied to the purchase of Reinvestment Mortgage Assets) but excluding (i) any origination fees, which will be retained by the Seller and will not be assigned to the Issuer and (ii) any payment of interest included in Principal Proceeds pursuant to clause (A)(3) of the definition of “Principal Proceeds”,

(2) all make whole premiums, yield maintenance or prepayment premiums or any interest amount paid in excess of the stated interest amount of a Mortgage Asset received during the related Due Period,

(3) all amendment, modification and waiver fees, late payment fees, extension fees, exit fees and other fees and commissions received by the Issuer during such Due Period in connection with such Mortgage Assets and Eligible Investments,

(4) those funds in the Expense Reserve Account designated as Interest Proceeds by the Collateral Manager pursuant to Section 10.5(a),

(5) all funds remaining on deposit in the Expense Reserve Account upon redemption of the Notes in whole,

(6) Interest Advances, if any, advanced by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, with respect to such Payment Date,

(7) all Cash payments corresponding to accrued original issue discount on Eligible Investments,

(8) any interest payments received in Cash by the Issuer during the related Due Period on any asset held by a Permitted Subsidiary that is not a Defaulted Mortgage Asset,

 

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(9) all payments of principal on Eligible Investments purchased with any other Interest Proceeds,

(10) Cash and Eligible Investments contributed by Retention Holder pursuant to Section 12.1(f), as Holder of 100% of the Preferred Shares and designated as “Interest Proceeds” by Retention Holder, and

(11) all other Cash payments received by the Issuer with respect to the Mortgage Assets during the related Due Period to the extent such proceeds are designated “Interest Proceeds” by the Collateral Manager in its sole discretion with notice to the Trustee, the Servicer and the Note Administrator on or before the related Determination Date; provided that Interest Proceeds will in no event include any payment or proceeds specifically defined as “Principal Proceeds” in the definition thereof,

minus (B) the aggregate amount of any Nonrecoverable Interest Advances that were previously reimbursed to the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent.

Interest Shortfall”: The meaning set forth in Section 10.7(a) hereof.

Investor Certification”: A certificate, substantially in the form of Exhibit H-1 or Exhibit H-2 hereto, representing that such Person executing the certificate is a Noteholder, a beneficial owner of a Note, a holder of a Preferred Share or a prospective purchaser of a Note or a Preferred Share and that either (a) such Person is not an agent of, or an investment advisor to, any borrower or affiliate of any borrower under a Mortgage Loan, or (b) such Person is an agent or Affiliate of, or an investment advisor to, any borrower under a Mortgage Loan. The Investor Certification may be submitted electronically by means of the Note Administrator’s Website.

Investor Q&A Forum”: The meaning specified in Section 10.13(a) hereof.

Issuer”: TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., an exempted company incorporated with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands, until a successor Person shall have become the Issuer pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Issuer” shall mean such successor Person.

Issuer Order” and “Issuer Request”: A written order or request (which may be in the form of a standing order or request) dated and signed in the name of the Issuer (and the Co-Issuer, if applicable) by an Authorized Officer of the Issuer (and by an Authorized Officer of the Co-Issuer, if applicable), or by an Authorized Officer of the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer.

KBRA”: Kroll Bond Rating Agency, Inc. or any successor thereto.

Largest One Quarter Future Advance Estimate”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

LIBOR”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

 

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LIBOR Determination Date”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

LIBOR Spread”: With respect to the Class A Notes, the Class A LIBOR Spread, with respect to the Class A-S Notes, the Class A-S LIBOR Spread, with respect to the Class B Notes, the Class B LIBOR Spread, with respect to the Class C Notes, the Class C LIBOR Spread, with respect to the Class D Notes, the Class D LIBOR Spread, with respect to the Class E Notes, the Class E LIBOR Spread and with respect to the Class F Notes, the Class F LIBOR Spread.

Liquidation Fee”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

LLC Managers”: The managers of the Co-Issuer duly appointed by the sole member of the Co-Issuer (or, if there is only one manager of the Co-Issuer so duly appointed, such sole manager).

London Banking Day”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

Loss Value Payment”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset, the meaning specified in the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

Majority”: With respect to (i) any Class of Notes, the Holders of more than 50% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes of such Class; and (ii) the Preferred Shares, the Preferred Shareholders representing more than 50% of the aggregate Notional Amount of the Preferred Shares.

Manufactured Housing Community Property”: A real property comprised of pad sites for manufactured homes as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from manufactured housing pad site units.

Material Breach”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset, the meaning specified in the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

Material Document Defect”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset, the meaning specified in the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

Maturity”: With respect to any Note, the date on which the unpaid principal of such Note becomes due and payable as therein or herein provided, whether at the Stated Maturity Date or by declaration of acceleration or otherwise.

Measurement Date”: Any of the following: (i) the Closing Date, (ii) the date of acquisition or disposition of any Mortgage Asset, (iii) any date on which any Mortgage Asset becomes a Defaulted Mortgage Asset, (iv) each Determination Date and (v) with reasonable notice to the Issuer, the Collateral Manager and the Note Administrator, any other Business Day that the Rating Agencies or the Holders of at least 66-2/3% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of any Class of Notes requests be a “Measurement Date”; provided that, if any such date would otherwise fall on a day that is not a Business Day, the relevant Measurement Date will be the immediately preceding Business Day.

 

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Minnesota Collateral”: The meaning specified in Section 3.3(b)(ii) hereof.

Mixed-Use Property”: A real property comprised of real property with five or more residential units (including mixed-use, multifamily/office and multifamily/retail), office space, industrial space, retail space, hospitality space, self-storage space and/or pad sites for manufactured homes as to which no such property type represents a majority of the underwritten revenue. Notwithstanding the foregoing definition, the following Closing Date Mortgage Assets are considered to be, and will continue to be considered to be, Mortgage Assets secured by Mixed-Use Properties: “Aertson,” “180 Livingston” and “High Street.”

Modified Mortgage Asset”: Any Mortgage Asset for which the related Mortgage Loan is a Modified Mortgage Loan.

Modified Mortgage Loan”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Monthly Report”: The meaning specified in Section 10.9(a) hereof.

Moody’s”: Moody’s Investors Service, Inc., and its successors in interest.

Moodys Rating”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, shall be the private credit assessment assigned to such Mortgage Asset by Moody’s for the Issuer.

Moody’s Rating Factor”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, the number set forth in the table below opposite the Moody’s Rating of such Mortgage Asset:

 

Moody’s

Rating

   Rating
Factor
   Moody’s
Rating
   Rating
Factor
 
Aaa    1    Ba1      940  
Aa1    10    Ba2      1,350  
Aa2    20    Ba3      1,766  
Aa3    40    B1      2,220  
A1    70    B2      2,720  
A2    120    B3      3,490  
A3    180    Caa1      4,770  
Baa1    260    Caa2      6,500  
Baa2    360    Caa3      8,070  
Baa3    610    Ca or lower      10,000  

Moody’s Recovery Rate”: With respect to each Mortgage Asset, the rate specified in the table set forth below with respect to the property type of the related Mortgaged Property or Mortgaged Properties; provided that, notwithstanding the below, (i) the Moody’s Recovery Rate for the Closing Date Mortgage Asset identified on Schedule A hereto as “The Curtis” shall be 56.0%; (ii) the Moody’s Recovery Rate for the Closing Date Mortgage Asset identified on Schedule A hereto as “Aertson” shall be 54.2%; and (iii) the Moody’s Recovery Rate for the Closing Date Mortgage Asset identified on Schedule A hereto as “High Street” shall be 55.8%:

 

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Property Type

   Moody’s Recovery Rate  

Industrial Properties, Multifamily Properties (including student housing properties) and anchored Retail Properties

     60

Office Properties, Self-Storage Properties and unanchored Retail Properties

     55

Hospitality Properties

     45

All other property types

     40

Mortgage Asset File”: The meaning set forth in Section 3.3(e) hereof.

Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement”: The Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement entered into between the Issuer, the Seller, Holdco and TRTX on or about the Closing Date, as amended from time to time, which agreement is assigned to the Trustee on behalf of the Issuer pursuant to this Indenture.

Mortgage Assets”: The Closing Date Mortgage Assets, the Reinvestment Mortgage Assets and the Exchange Mortgage Assets.

Mortgage Loan”: A Whole Loan or any Participated Mortgage Loan, as applicable and as the context may require.

Multifamily Property”: A real property with five or more residential rental units as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from residential rental units.

Mortgaged Property”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, the commercial and/or multifamily mortgage property or properties directly securing such Mortgage Loan.

Net Outstanding Portfolio Balance”: On any Measurement Date, the sum (without duplication) of:

(i) the aggregate Principal Balance of the Mortgage Assets (other than any Modified Mortgage Assets and Defaulted Mortgage Assets);

(ii) the aggregate Principal Balance of all Principal Proceeds held as Cash and Eligible Investments; and

(iii) with respect to each Modified Mortgage Asset or a Defaulted Mortgage Asset, the Calculation Amount of such Mortgage Asset.

No Downgrade Confirmation”: A confirmation from a Rating Agency that any proposed action, or failure to act or other specified event will not, in and of itself, result in the downgrade or withdrawal of the then-current rating assigned to any Class of Notes then rated by such Rating Agency, provided that if the Requesting Party receives a written waiver or acknowledgment from a Rating Agency indicating such Rating Agency’s decision not to review the matter for which the No Downgrade Confirmation is sought, then the requirement to receive a No Downgrade Confirmation from that Rating Agency with respect to such matter shall not apply. For the purposes of this definition, any confirmation, waiver, request, acknowledgment or approval which is required to be in writing may be in the form of electronic mail. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary set forth in this Indenture, at any time during which the Notes are no longer rated by a Rating Agency, a No Downgrade Confirmation shall not be required from such Rating Agency under this Indenture.

 

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No Entity-Level Tax Opinion”: An opinion of Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or another nationally recognized tax counsel experienced in such matters that a contemplated transfer (whether by means of actual transfer or a transfer of beneficial ownership for U.S. federal income tax purposes), pledge or hypothecation of any of the Retained Securities, any repurchased Notes or the Issuer Ordinary Shares will not cause the Issuer to be treated as a foreign corporation engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise to become subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis, which opinion may be conditioned on compliance with certain restrictions on the investment or other activities of the Issuer and the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer.

No Trade or Business Opinion”: An opinion of Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or another nationally recognized tax counsel experienced in such matters that the Issuer will be treated as a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes, which opinion may be conditioned on compliance with certain restrictions on the investment or other activities of the Issuer and the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer.

Non-Acquired Participation”: Any Future Funding Companion Participation or funded Companion Participation that is not acquired by the Issuer.

Non-call Period”: The period from the Closing Date to and including the Business Day immediately preceding the Payment Date in June 2020 during which no Optional Redemption is permitted to occur.

Non-CLO Controlled Mortgage Assets”: Each Mortgage Asset that is a Pari Passu Participation that is owned by the Issuer, but is controlled by the holder of a related controlling Companion Participation. If a related controlling Companion Participation is acquired in its entirety by the Issuer, the Mortgage Asset (together with a related controlling Companion Participation) will become a CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset. As of the Closing Date (i) each of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets identified on Schedule A hereto as “Sirata Beach Resort,” “Ace Hotel” and “24 Jones” is a CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset and (ii) each of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets other than the Closing Date Mortgage Assets specified in (i) above will be Non-CLO Controlled Mortgage Assets.

Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Asset”: Each of Mortgage Assets identified on Schedule A hereto as “Westin Charlotte,” “The Curtis,” “Aertson,” “Cliffside Park,” “The Star,” “Del Amo Crossing,” “180 Livingston,” “Park Central 789,” “Jersey City Portfolio,” “Coppermine Commons,” “Brookview Village,” “Solage Calistoga,” “1825 Park,” “Presidential Tower,” “High Street” and “Sirata Beach Resort” with respect to which a Participation Agreement was entered into in connection with the TRTX 2018-FL1 offering.

Non-Permitted AML Holder”: A holder of the Securities that fails to comply with the Holder AML Obligations.

 

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Non-Permitted Holder”: The meaning specified in Section 2.13(b) hereof.

Nonrecoverable Interest Advance”: Any Interest Advance previously made or proposed to be made pursuant to Section 10.7 hereof that the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, has determined in its sole discretion, exercised in good faith, that the amount so advanced or proposed to be advanced plus interest expected to accrue thereon, will not be ultimately recoverable from subsequent payments or collections with respect to the Mortgage Assets.

Note Administrator”: Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, a national banking association, solely in its capacity as note administrator hereunder, unless a successor Person shall have become the Note Administrator pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Note Administrator” shall mean such successor Person. Wells Fargo Bank, National Association will perform the Note Administrator role through its Corporate Trust Services division.

Note Administrator’s Website”: Initially, www.ctslink.com, provided that such address may change upon notice by the Note Administrator to the parties hereto, the 17g-5 Information Provider and Noteholders.

Note Interest Rate”: With respect to the Class A Notes, the Class A Rate, with respect to the Class A-S Notes, the Class A-S Rate, with respect to the Class B Notes, the Class B Rate, with respect to the Class C Notes, the Class C Rate, with respect to the Class D Notes, the Class D Rate, with respect to the Class E Notes, the Class E Rate and with respect to the Class F Notes, the Class F Rate.

Note Liquidation Event”: The meaning specified in Section 12.1(c) hereof.

Note Protection Tests”: The Par Value Test and the Interest Coverage Test.

Noteholder”: The Person in whose name such Note is registered in the Notes Register.

Notes”: The Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes, the Class D Notes, the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes, collectively, authorized by, and authenticated and delivered under, this Indenture.

Notes Register” and “Notes Registrar”: The respective meanings specified in Section 2.5(a) hereof.

Notional Amount”: In respect of the Preferred Shares, the per share notional amount of U.S.$1,000. The aggregate Notional Amount of the Preferred Shares on the Closing Date will be U.S.$127,521,818.

NRSRO”: Any nationally recognized statistical rating organization, including the Rating Agencies.

 

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NRSRO Certification”: A certification (a) executed by a NRSRO in favor of the 17g-5 Information Provider substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit F or (b) provided electronically and executed by an NRSRO by means of a click-through confirmation on the 17g-5 Website.

Offered Notes”: The Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes and the Class D Notes.

Offering Memorandum”: The Offering Memorandum, dated November 15, 2018, relating to the offering of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes and the Class D Notes.

Office Property”: A real property comprised of office space as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from office space.

Officer”: With respect to any corporation or limited liability company, including the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the Collateral Manager, any Director, Manager, the Chairman of the Board of Directors, the President, any Senior Vice President, any Vice President, the Secretary, any Assistant Secretary, the Treasurer, any Assistant Treasurer or General Partner of such entity; and with respect to the Trustee or Note Administrator, any Trust Officer; and with respect to the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor, a Responsible Officer (as defined in the Servicing Agreement).

Officer’s Certificate”: With respect to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager and the Servicer, any certificate executed by an Authorized Officer thereof.

Operating Advisor”: The Operating Advisor appointed pursuant to the Servicing Agreement.

Opinion of Counsel”: A written opinion addressed to the Trustee and the Note Administrator and, if required by the terms hereof, the Servicer, the Special Servicer and/or the Rating Agencies (each, a “Recipient”), in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to each Recipient, of an outside third party counsel of national recognition (or the Cayman Islands, in the case of an opinion relating to the laws of the Cayman Islands), which attorney may, except as otherwise expressly provided in this Indenture, be counsel for the Issuer, and which attorney shall be reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee and the Note Administrator. Whenever an Opinion of Counsel is required hereunder, such Opinion of Counsel may rely on opinions of other counsel who are so admitted and so satisfactory which opinions of other counsel shall accompany such Opinion of Counsel and shall either be addressed to each Recipient or shall state that each Recipient shall each be entitled to rely thereon.

Optional Redemption”: The meaning specified in Section 9.1(c) hereof.

Originated As-Is LTV”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, as calculated by the Collateral Manager in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard, of the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset (including the Principal Balance of any Funded Companion Participation that is pari passu in right of repayment and any Mortgage Asset that is cross-collateralized with the related Mortgage Asset) as of the date of origination, to the “as-is” value estimate of the related Mortgaged Property (and any Mortgaged Property cross-collateralizing the subject Mortgage Asset) as reflected in an appraisal that was obtained not more than three months prior to the date of origination of the related Mortgage Loan.

 

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Other Tranche”: The meaning specified in Section 17.5 hereof.

Outstanding”: With respect to the Notes, as of any date of determination, all of the Notes or any Class of Notes, as the case may be, theretofore authenticated and delivered under this Indenture except:

(i) Notes theretofore canceled by the Notes Registrar or delivered to the Notes Registrar for cancellation;

(ii) Notes or portions thereof for whose payment or redemption funds in the necessary amount have been theretofore irrevocably deposited with the Note Administrator or the Paying Agent in trust for the Holders of such Notes pursuant to Section 4.1(a)(ii); provided that, if such Notes or portions thereof are to be redeemed, notice of such redemption has been duly given pursuant to this Indenture;

(iii) Notes in exchange for or in lieu of which other Notes have been authenticated and delivered pursuant to this Indenture, unless proof satisfactory to the Note Administrator is presented that any such Notes are held by a Holder in due course; and

(iv) Notes alleged to have been mutilated, destroyed, lost or stolen for which replacement Notes have been issued as provided in Section 2.6;

provided that in determining whether the Noteholders of the requisite Aggregate Outstanding Amount have given any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent or waiver hereunder, (x) Notes owned by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any Affiliate thereof shall be disregarded and deemed not to be Outstanding, (y) Notes so owned that have been pledged in good faith may be regarded as Outstanding if the pledgee establishes to the satisfaction of the Trustee the pledgee’s right so to act with respect to such Notes and that the pledgee is not the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any other obligor upon the Notes or any Affiliate of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager or such other obligor and (z) in relation to (i) the exercise by the Noteholders of their right, in connection with certain Events of Default, to accelerate amounts due under the Notes and (ii) any amendment or other modification of, or assignment or termination of, any of the express rights or obligations of the Collateral Manager under the Collateral Management Agreement or this Indenture, Notes owned by the Collateral Manager or any of its Affiliates, or by any accounts managed by them, will be disregarded and deemed not to be Outstanding. The Note Administrator and the Trustee will be entitled to rely on certificates from Noteholders to determine any such affiliations and shall be protected in so relying, except to the extent that a Trust Officer of the Trustee or Note Administrator, as applicable, has actual knowledge of any such affiliation.

Par Purchase Price”: With respect to a Mortgage Asset, the sum of (a) the outstanding principal balance of such Mortgage Asset as of the date of purchase; plus (b) all accrued and unpaid interest on such Mortgage Asset at the applicable interest rate to but not including the date of purchase; plus (c) all related unreimbursed Servicing Advances and accrued and unpaid interest on such Servicing Advances at the Advance Rate, plus (d) all Special Servicing Fees and either Workout Fees or Liquidation Fees (but not both) allocable to such Mortgage Asset; plus (e) all unreimbursed expenses incurred by the Issuer (and if applicable, the Seller), the Servicer and the Special Servicer in connection with such Mortgage Asset.

 

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Par Value Ratio”: As of any Measurement Date, the number (expressed as a percentage) calculated by dividing (a) the Net Outstanding Portfolio Balance on such Measurement Date by (b) the sum of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes and the Class D Notes and the amount of any unreimbursed Interest Advances.

Par Value Test”: A test that will be met as of any Measurement Date on which any Offered Notes remain outstanding if the Par Value Ratio on such Measurement Date is equal to or greater than 124.79%.

Pari Passu Participation”: A fully funded pari passu participation interest in a Participated Mortgage Loan.

Participated Mortgage Loan”: Any Mortgage Loan in which a Pari Passu Participation represents an interest.

Participating Institution”: With respect to any Participation, the entity that holds legal title to the participated asset.

Participation”: Any Pari Passu Participation and/or the related Companion Participation, as applicable and as the context may require.

Participation Agent”: With respect to any Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Asset, the party designated as such under the related Participation Agreement.

Participation Agreement”: With respect to each Participated Mortgage Loan, the participation agreement that governs the rights and obligations of the holders of the related Pari Passu Participation and the related Companion Participations.

Participation Custodial Agreement”: With respect to any Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Asset, that certain Custodial Agreement entered into in accordance with the related Participation Agreement and pursuant to which the Participation Custodian holds the loan file with respect to a Participated Mortgage Loan related to such Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Asset.

Participation Custodian”: With respect to any Non-CLO Custody Mortgage Asset, the document custodian or similar party under the related Participation Custodial Agreement.

Paying Agent”: The Note Administrator, in its capacity as Paying Agent hereunder, authorized by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer to pay the principal of or interest on any Notes on behalf of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer as specified in Section 7.2 hereof.

 

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Payment Account”: The payment account established by the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 10.3 hereof.

Payment Date”: The 4th Business Day following each Determination Date, commencing on the Payment Date in December 2018, and ending on the Stated Maturity Date unless the Notes are redeemed or repaid prior thereto.

Permitted Subsidiary”: Any one or more single purpose entities that are wholly-owned by the Issuer and are established exclusively for the purpose of taking title to mortgage, real estate or any Sensitive Asset in connection, in each case, with the exercise of remedies or otherwise.

Person”: An individual, corporation (including a business trust), partnership, limited liability company, joint venture, association, joint stock company, trust (including any beneficiary thereof), unincorporated association or government or any agency or political subdivision thereof.

Placement Agency Agreement”: The placement agreement relating to the Notes dated November 15, 2018 by and among the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, HoldCo and the Placement Agents.

Placement Agents”: Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, Morgan Stanley & Co. LLC and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC.

Pledged Mortgage Asset”: On any date of determination, any Mortgage Asset that has been Granted to the Trustee and not been released from the lien of this Indenture pursuant to Section 10.10 hereof.

Preferred Share Distribution Account”: A segregated account established and designated as such by the Preferred Share Paying Agent pursuant to the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement.

Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement”: The Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date, among the Issuer, the Preferred Share Paying Agent relating to the Preferred Shares and the Share Registrar, as amended from time to time in accordance with the terms thereof.

Preferred Share Paying Agent”: The Note Administrator, solely in its capacity as Preferred Share Paying Agent under the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement and not individually, unless a successor Person shall have become the Preferred Share Paying Agent pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, and thereafter Preferred Share Paying Agent shall mean such successor Person.

Preferred Shareholder”: A registered owner of Preferred Shares as set forth in the share register maintained by the Share Registrar.

Preferred Shares”: The preferred shares issued by the Issuer concurrently with the issuance of the Notes.

 

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Principal Balance” or “par”: With respect to any Mortgage Loan, Mortgage Asset or Eligible Investment, as of any date of determination, the outstanding principal amount of such Mortgage Loan, Mortgage Asset or Eligible Investment; provided that the Principal Balance of any Eligible Investment that does not pay Cash interest on a current basis will be the accreted value thereof.

Principal Proceeds”: With respect to any Payment Date, (A) the sum (without duplication) of:

(1) all principal payments (including Unscheduled Principal Payments and any casualty or condemnation proceeds and any proceeds from the exercise of remedies (including liquidation proceeds)) received during the related Due Period in respect of (a) Eligible Investments (other than Eligible Investments purchased with Interest Proceeds, Eligible Investments in the Expense Reserve Account and any amount representing the accreted portion of a discount from the face amount of a Mortgage Asset or an Eligible Investment) and (b) Mortgage Assets as a result of (i) a maturity, scheduled amortization or mandatory prepayment on a Mortgage Asset, (ii) optional prepayments made at the option of the related borrower, (iii) recoveries on Defaulted Mortgage Assets and Credit Risk Mortgage Assets, or (iv) any other principal payments received with respect to Mortgage Assets;

(2) Sale Proceeds received during such Due Period in respect of sales in accordance with the Transaction Documents and excluding (i) accrued interest included in Sale Proceeds, (ii) any reimbursement of expenses included in such Sale Proceeds and (iii) any portion of such Sale Proceeds that are in excess of the outstanding principal balance of the related Mortgage Asset or Eligible Investment,

(3) all Cash payments of interest received during such Due Period on Defaulted Mortgage Assets,

(4) any principal payments received in Cash by the Issuer during the related Due Period on any asset held by a Permitted Subsidiary,

(5) any Loss Value Payment received by the Issuer from the Seller,

(6) Cash and Eligible Investments contributed by Retention Holder pursuant to the terms hereof, as holder of 100% of the Preferred Shares and designated as “Principal Proceeds” by Retention Holder; provided that in no event will Principal Proceeds include any proceeds from the Excepted Property, and

(7) cash and Eligible Investments that were previously held for reinvestment in Reinvestment Mortgage Assets and that have been transferred to the Payment Account pursuant to the terms of this Indenture,

minus (B) the aggregate amount of (i) any Nonrecoverable Interest Advances that were not previously reimbursed to the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent from Interest Proceeds and (ii) any amounts paid or reimbursed to the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement out of amounts that would otherwise be Principal Proceeds.

 

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Priority of Payments”: The meaning specified in Section 11.1(a) hereof.

Privileged Person”: Any of the following: (i) the Placement Agents and their designees, (ii) the Collateral Manager and its affiliates or designees, (iii) the Servicer, (iv) the Special Servicer, (v) the Trustee and Paying Agent, (vi) the Note Administrator, (vii) the Seller, (viii) the Operating Advisor, (ix) the Advancing Agent hereunder and under the Servicing Agreement, (x) any Person who provides the Note Administrator with an Investor Certification (provided that access to information provided by the Note Administrator to any Person who provides the Note Administrator an Investor Certification in the form of Exhibit H-2 shall be limited to the Monthly Report) and (xi) any Rating Agency or other NRSRO that provides the Note Administrator with an NRSRO Certification, which NRSRO Certification may be submitted electronically by means of the Note Administrator’s Website.

Proceeding”: Any suit in equity, action at law or other judicial or administrative proceeding.

QIB”: A “qualified institutional buyer” as defined in Rule 144A.

Qualified Purchaser”: A “qualified purchaser” within the meaning of Section 2(a)(51) of the 1940 Act or an entity owned exclusively by one or more such “qualified purchasers.”

Qualified REIT Subsidiary”: A corporation that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, is wholly owned by a real estate investment trust under Section 856(i)(2) of the Code.

Rating Agencies”: Moody’s and KBRA, and any successor thereto, or, with respect to the Collateral generally, if at any time Moody’s or KBRA or any such successor ceases to provide rating services with respect to the Notes or certificates similar to the Notes, any other NRSRO selected by the Issuer and reasonably satisfactory to a Majority of the Notes voting as a single Class.

Rating Agency Condition”: A condition that is satisfied if:

(a) the party required to satisfy the Rating Agency Condition (the “Requesting Party”) has made a written request to a Rating Agency for a No Downgrade Confirmation; and

(b) any one of the following has occurred:

(i) a No Downgrade Confirmation has been received; or

(ii) (A) within ten (10) Business Days of such request being sent to such Rating Agency, such Rating Agency has not replied to such request or has responded in a manner that indicates that such Rating Agency is neither reviewing such request nor waiving the requirement for confirmation;

 

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(B) the Requesting Party has confirmed that such Rating Agency has received the confirmation request,

(C) the Requesting Party promptly requests the No Downgrade Confirmation a second time; and

(D) there is no response to either confirmation request within five (5) Business Days of such second request.

Rating Agency Test Modification”: The meaning specified in Section 12.4 hereof.

Record Date”: With respect to any Holder and any Payment Date, the close of business on the last Business Day of the calendar month immediately preceding the month in which such Payment Date occurs.

Redemption Date”: Any Payment Date specified for a redemption of the Securities pursuant to Section 9.1 hereof.

Redemption Date Statement”: The meaning specified in Section 10.9(d) hereof.

Redemption Price”: The Redemption Price of each Class of Notes or the Preferred Shares, as applicable, on a Redemption Date will be calculated as follows:

Class A Notes. The redemption price for the Class A Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A Notes to be redeemed, together with the Class A Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class A Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Class A-S Notes. The redemption price for the Class A-S Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class A-S Notes to be redeemed, together with the Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Class B Notes. The redemption price for the Class B Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class B Notes to be redeemed, together with the Class B Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class B Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Class C Notes. The redemption price for the Class C Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class C Notes (including any Class C Deferred Interest Amount) to be redeemed, together with the Class C Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class C Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Class D Notes. The redemption price for the Class D Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class D Notes (including any Class D Deferred Interest Amount) to be redeemed, together with the Class D Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class D Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

 

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Class E Notes. The redemption price for the Class E Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class E Notes (including any Class E Deferred Interest Amount) to be redeemed, together with the Class E Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class E Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Class F Notes. The redemption price for the Class F Notes will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will equal the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class F Notes (including any Class F Deferred Interest Amount) to be redeemed, together with the Class F Interest Distribution Amount (plus any Class F Defaulted Interest Amount) due on the applicable Redemption Date.

Preferred Shares. The redemption price for the Preferred Shares will be calculated on the related Determination Date and will be equal to the sum of all net proceeds from the sale of the Collateral in accordance with Article 12 hereof and Cash (other than the Issuer’s rights, title and interest in the property described in clause (i) of the definition of “Excepted Property”), if any, remaining after payment of all amounts and expenses, including payments made in respect of the Notes, described under clauses (1) through (18) of Section 11.1(a)(i) and clauses (1) through (15) of Section 11.1(a)(ii); provided that if there are no such net proceeds or Cash remaining, the redemption price for the Preferred Shares shall be equal to U.S.$0.

Registered”: With respect to any debt obligation, a debt obligation that is issued after July 18, 1984, and that is in registered form for purposes of the Code.

Registered Office Terms”: The standard Terms and Conditions for the Provision of Registered Office Services by MaplesFS Limited (Structured Finance – Cayman Company) as published at http://www.maplesfiduciaryservices.com/terms.

Regulation RR”: The final rule (appearing at 17 CFR § 246.1, et seq.) that was promulgated to implement the credit risk retention requirements under Section 15G of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as added by Section 941 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (79 F.R. 77601; pages 77740-77766), as such rule may be amended from time to time, and subject to such clarification and interpretation as have been provided by the U.S. regulatory agencies in the adopting release (79 FR 77601 et seq.) or by the staff of any such agency, or as may be provided by any such agency or its staff from time to time, in each case, as effective from time to time.

Regulation S”: Regulation S under the Securities Act.

Regulation S Global Note”: The meaning specified in Section 2.2(b)(ii) hereof.

Reimbursement Interest”: Interest accrued on the amount of any Interest Advance made by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, for so long as it is outstanding, at the Reimbursement Rate, which Reimbursement Interest is hereby waived by the Advancing Agent for so long as (i) Seller (or any of its Affiliates) is the Advancing Agent and (ii) Retention Holder (or any of its Affiliates) owns the Preferred Shares.

 

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Reimbursement Rate”: A rate per annum equal to the “prime rate” as published in the “Money Rates” section of the Wall Street Journal, as such “prime rate” may change from time to time. If more than one “prime rate” is published in The Wall Street Journal for a day, the average of such “prime rates” will be used, and such average will be rounded up to the nearest one eighth of one percent (0.125%). If the “prime rate” contained in The Wall Street Journal is not readily ascertainable, the Collateral Manager will select an equivalent publication that publishes such “prime rate,” and if such “prime rates” are no longer generally published or are limited, regulated or administered by a governmental authority or quasigovernmental body, then the Collateral Manager will select, in its reasonable discretion, a comparable interest rate index.

Reinvestment Account”: The account established by the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 10.2(a) hereof.

Reinvestment Criteria”: The meaning specified in Section 12.2(a) hereof.

Reinvestment Mortgage Asset”: Any Mortgage Asset that is acquired by the Issuer during the Reinvestment Period with Principal Proceeds from the Mortgage Assets (or any cash contributed by the holder of the Preferred Shares to the Issuer) and that satisfies the Eligibility Criteria, the Reinvestment Criteria and the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements.

Reinvestment Period”: The period beginning on the Closing Date and ending on and including the first to occur of the following events or dates: (i) the end of the Due Period following the Payment Date in November 2020; (ii) the end of the Due Period related to the Payment Date on which all of the Notes are redeemed as described herein under Section 9.1; and (iii) the date on which principal of and accrued and unpaid interest on all of the Notes is accelerated following the occurrence and continuation of an Event of Default.

REIT”: A “real estate investment trust” under the Code.

Repurchase Request”: The meaning specified in Section 7.17 hereof.

Retail Property”: A real property comprised of retail space as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from retail space.

Retained Securities”: 100% of the Class E Notes, the Class F Notes and the Preferred Shares.

Retention Holder”: TRTX 2018-FL2 Retention Holder, LLC, a direct wholly-owned subsidiary of the Seller and an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of TRTX.

Rule 17g-5”: The meaning specified in Section 14.13 hereof.

Rule 144A”: Rule 144A under the Securities Act.

Rule 144A Global Note”: The meaning specified in Section 2.2(b)(i) hereof.

 

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Rule 144A Information”: The meaning specified in Section 7.13 hereof.

Sale”: The meaning specified in Section 5.17(a) hereof.

Sale Proceeds”: All proceeds (including accrued interest) received with respect to Mortgage Assets and Eligible Investments as a result of sales of such Mortgage Assets and Eligible Investments, and sales in connection with a repurchase for a Material Breach or a Material Document Defect, in each case net of any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses of the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, the Custodian, the Note Administrator, or the Servicer under the Servicing Agreement in connection with any such sale.

SEC”: The Securities and Exchange Commission.

Secured Parties”: Collectively, the Collateral Manager, the Trustee, the Custodian, the Note Administrator, the Advancing Agent, the Backup Advancing Agent, the holders of the Offered Notes, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the AML Services Provider and the Company Administrator, each as their interests appear in applicable Transaction Documents.

Securities”: Collectively, the Notes and the Preferred Shares.

Securities Account”: The meaning specified in Section 8-501(a) of the UCC.

Securities Account Control Agreement”: The meaning specified in Section 3.3(b) hereof.

Securities Act”: The Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Securities Intermediary”: The meaning specified in Section 10.1(b) hereof.

Security”: Any Note or Preferred Share or, collectively, the Notes and Preferred Shares, as the context may require.

Security Entitlement”: The meaning specified in Section 8-102(a)(17) of the UCC.

Self-Storage Property”: A real property comprised of self-storage space as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from self-storage space.

Seller”: TRTX CLO Loan Seller 2, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and its successors in interest, solely in its capacity as Seller.

Segregated Liquidity”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Sensitive Asset”: Means (i) a Mortgage Asset, or a portion thereof, or (ii) a real property or other interest (including, without limitation, an interest in real property) resulting from the conversion, exchange, other modification or exercise of remedies with respect to a Mortgage Asset or portion thereof, in either case, as to which the Collateral Manager has determined, based on an Opinion of Counsel, could give rise to material liability of the Issuer (including liability for taxes) if held directly by the Issuer.

 

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Servicer”: Situs Asset Management LLC, a Texas limited liability company, solely in its capacity as servicer under the Servicing Agreement, together with its permitted successors and assigns or any successor Person that shall have become the servicer pursuant to the appropriate provisions of the Servicing Agreement.

Servicing Accounts”: The Escrow Accounts, the Collection Account, the REO Accounts and the Cash Collateral Accounts, each as established under and defined in the Servicing Agreement.

Servicing Advances”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Servicing Agreement”: The Servicing Agreement, dated as of the Closing Date, by and among the Issuer, the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Advancing Agent and the Operating Advisor, as amended, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time in accordance with its terms.

Servicing Standard”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Share Registrar”: MaplesFS Limited, unless a successor Person shall have become the Share Registrar pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, and thereafter “Share Registrar” shall mean such successor Person.

Special Servicer”: Situs Holdings, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, solely in its capacity as special servicer under the Servicing Agreement, together with its permitted successors and assigns or any successor Person that shall have become the special servicer pursuant to the appropriate provisions of the Servicing Agreement.

Special Servicer Consultation Event”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Special Servicer Review Event”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Special Servicing Fee”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Specially Serviced Mortgage Loan”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Specified Person”: The meaning specified in Section 2.6(a) hereof.

Sponsor”: Holdco, solely in its role as the “sponsor” as that term is defined in Section 246.2 of Regulation RR.

 

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Stabilized Debt Service”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, the monthly payments of principal (without regard to any change in principal payments for any extension period) and interest (based on the Assumed LIBOR Rate) due with respect to such Mortgage Loan pursuant to the terms of the related Asset Documents, assuming all Future Funding Amounts that the Collateral Manager expects to be drawn by the stabilization date have been advanced, but excluding (1) any balloon payments and (2) any required (non-monthly) principal paydowns. In determining Stabilized Debt Service for any Mortgage Asset that is a Participation, the calculation will take into account the debt service due on the Participation being acquired by the Issuer and the related Non-Acquired Participation(s) (assuming fully-funded) or related note also secured by the related mortgaged property or properties, as applicable, that is senior or pari passu in right to the Participation being acquired by the Issuer but not any Non-Acquired Participation(s) or related note also secured by the related Mortgaged Property, that is junior in right to the Participation being acquired by the Issuer.

Stated Maturity Date”: The Payment Date in November 2037.

Student Housing Property”: A real property comprised of a student housing property as to which the majority of the underwritten revenue is from student housing.

Sub-REIT”: TPG RE Finance Trust CLO Sub-REIT, a Maryland real estate investment trust.

Subsequent Retaining Holder”: Any Person that purchases all or a portion of the EHRI in accordance with this Indenture and applicable laws and regulations; provided that if there are multiple Holders of the EHRI, then “Subsequent Retaining Holder” shall mean, individually and collectively, those multiple Holders.

Successful Auction”: Either (i) an auction that is conducted in accordance with the provisions specified in this Indenture, which includes the requirement that the aggregate cash purchase price for all the Mortgage Assets, together with the balance of all Eligible Investments and cash in the Payment Account, will be at least equal to the Total Redemption Price or (ii) the purchase of all of the Mortgage Assets by the Preferred Shareholder for a price that, together with the balance of all Eligible Investments and cash in the Payment Account, is equal to the Total Redemption Price.

Supermajority”: With respect to (i) any Class of Notes, the Holders of at least 6623% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes of such Class and (ii) with respect to the Preferred Shares, the Holders of at least 6623% of the aggregate Notional Amount of the Preferred Shares.

Successor Benchmark Rate”: The meaning specified in Section 8.1(b)(iii) hereof.

Successor Benchmark Rate Spread”: With respect to any Class of Notes, the difference (expressed as the number of basis points) between (A) LIBOR on the LIBOR Determination Date that LIBOR was last applicable to such Class, plus the LIBOR Spread on such Class and (B) the Successor Benchmark Rate on the LIBOR Determination Date that LIBOR was last applicable to such Class.

 

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Tax Event”: (i) Any borrower is, or on the next scheduled payment date under any Mortgage Asset, will be, required to deduct or withhold from any payment under any Mortgage Asset to the Issuer for or on account of any tax for whatever reason and such borrower is not required to pay to the Issuer such additional amount as is necessary to ensure that the net amount actually received by the Issuer (free and clear of taxes, whether assessed against such borrower or the Issuer) will equal the full amount that the Issuer would have received had no such deduction or withholding been required, (ii) any jurisdiction imposes net income, profits, or similar tax on the Issuer or (iii) the Issuer fails to maintain its status as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT and is not a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Withholding taxes imposed under FATCA, if any, shall be disregarded in applying the definition of “Tax Event.”

Tax Materiality Condition”: The condition that will be satisfied if either (i) as a result of the occurrence of a Tax Event, a tax or taxes are imposed on the Issuer or withheld from payments to the Issuer and with respect to which the Issuer receives less than the full amount that the Issuer would have received had no such deduction occurred and such amount exceeds, in the aggregate, $1,000,000 during any 12-month period or (ii) the Issuer fails to maintain its status as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT and is not a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

Tax Redemption”: The meaning specified in Section 9.1(b) hereof.

Total Redemption Price”: The amount equal to funds sufficient to pay all amounts and expenses described under clauses (1) through (4) of Section 11.1(a)(i) and to redeem all Notes at their applicable Redemption Prices.

Transaction Documents”: This Indenture, the Collateral Management Agreement, the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the Placement Agency Agreement, the Company Administration Agreement, the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, the AML Services Agreement, the Registered Office Terms, the Participation Agreements, the Future Funding Agreement, the Servicing Agreement and the Securities Account Control Agreement.

Transfer Agent”: The Person or Persons, which may be the Issuer, authorized by the Issuer to exchange or register the transfer of Notes in its capacity as Transfer Agent.

Treasury Note”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

Treasury Rate”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

Treasury Rate Spread”: The meaning set forth in Schedule B attached hereto.

Treasury Regulations”: Temporary or final regulations promulgated under the Code by the United States Treasury Department.

TRTX”: TPG RE Finance Trust, Inc., a Maryland corporation.

 

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Trust Officer”: When used with respect to (i) the Trustee, any officer of the Corporate Trust Office of the Trustee with direct responsibility for the administration of this Indenture and also, with respect to a particular matter, any other officer to whom such matter is referred because such officer’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject and (ii) the Note Administrator, any officer of the Corporate Trust Services group of the Note Administrator with direct responsibility for the administration of this Indenture and also, with respect to a particular matter, any other officer to whom a particular matter is referred because of such officer’s knowledge of and familiarity with the particular subject.

Trustee”: Wilmington Trust, National Association, a national banking association, solely in its capacity as trustee hereunder, unless a successor Person shall have become the Trustee pursuant to the applicable provisions of this Indenture, and thereafter “Trustee” shall mean such successor Person.

Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

U/W Stabilized NCF DSCR”: With respect to any Mortgage Asset, the ratio, as calculated by the Collateral Manager in accordance with the Collateral Management Standard, of (a) the “stabilized” annual net cash flow generated from the related property before interest, depreciation and amortization, based on the stabilized underwriting, which may include the completion of certain proposed capital expenditures and the realization of stabilized occupancy and/or rents to (b) the annual Stabilized Debt Service. In determining the U/W Stabilized NCF DSCR for any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset that is cross-collateralized with one or more other Mortgage Assets, the U/W Stabilized NCF DSCR was calculated with respect to the cross-collateralized group in the aggregate.

UCC”: The applicable Uniform Commercial Code.

United States” and “U.S.”: The United States of America, including any state and any territory or possession administered thereby.

Unscheduled Principal Payments”: Any proceeds received by the Issuer from an unscheduled prepayment or redemption (in whole but not in part) by the obligor of a Mortgage Loan prior to the maturity date of such Mortgage Asset.

U.S. Person”: The meaning specified in Regulation S.

Volcker Rule”: Section 13 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, and the applicable rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

Weighted Average Life”: As of any date of determination with respect to the Mortgage Assets (other than Defaulted Mortgage Assets), the number obtained by (i) summing the products obtained by multiplying (a) the Average Life at such time of each Mortgage Loan (other than Defaulted Mortgage Assets) by (b) the outstanding Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset and (ii) dividing such sum by the aggregate Principal Balance at such time of all Mortgage Assets (other than Defaulted Mortgage Assets), where “Average Life” means, on any date of determination with respect to any Mortgage Asset (other than a Defaulted Mortgage Asset), the

 

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quotient obtained by the Collateral Manager by dividing (i) the sum of the products of (a) the number of years (rounded to the nearest one tenth thereof) from such date of determination to the respective dates of each successive expected distribution of principal of such Mortgage Asset and (b) the respective amounts of such expected distributions of principal by (ii) the sum of all successive expected distributions of principal on such Mortgage Asset.

Weighted Average Spread”: As of any date of determination, the number obtained (rounded up to the next 0.001%), by (A) summing the products obtained by multiplying (i) with respect to any Mortgage Asset (other than any Defaulted Mortgage Asset), the greater of (x) the current stated spread above LIBOR at which interest accrues on each such Mortgage Asset and (y) if such Mortgage Asset provides for a minimum interest rate payable thereunder, the excess, if any, of the minimum interest rate applicable to such Mortgage Asset (net of any servicing fees and expenses) over LIBOR by (ii) the Principal Balance of such Mortgage Asset as of such date, and (B) dividing such sum by the aggregate Principal Balance of all Mortgage Assets (excluding all Defaulted Mortgage Assets).

Whole Loan”: A whole mortgage loan (and not a participation interest in a mortgage loan) secured by commercial or multifamily real estate.

Workout Fee”: The meaning specified in the Servicing Agreement.

Section 1.2 Interest Calculation Convention.

All calculations of interest hereunder that are made with respect to the Notes shall be made on the basis of the actual number of days during the related Interest Accrual Period divided by 360.

Section 1.3 Rounding Convention.

Unless otherwise specified herein, test calculations that are evaluated as a percentage will be rounded to the nearest ten thousandth of a percentage point and test calculations that are evaluated as a number or decimal will be rounded to the nearest one hundredth of a percentage point.

ARTICLE 2

THE NOTES

Section 2.1 Forms Generally.

The Notes and the Authenticating Agent’s certificate of authentication thereon (the “Certificate of Authentication”) shall be in substantially the forms required by this Article 2, with such appropriate insertions, omissions, substitutions and other variations as are required or permitted by this Indenture, and may have such letters, numbers or other marks of identification and such legends or endorsements placed thereon, as may be consistent herewith, determined by the Authorized Officers of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, executing such Notes as evidenced by their execution of such Notes. Any portion of the text of any Note may be set forth on the reverse thereof, with an appropriate reference thereto on the face of the Note.

 

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Section 2.2 Forms of Notes and Certificate of Authentication.

(a) Form. The form of each Class of the Offered Notes, including the Certificate of Authentication, shall be substantially as set forth in Exhibit A hereto and the form of the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes, including the Certificate of Authentication, shall be substantially as set forth in Exhibit B hereto.

(b) Global Notes and Definitive Notes.

(i) The Notes initially offered and sold in the United States to (or to U.S. Persons who are) QIBs shall be represented by one or more permanent global notes in definitive, fully registered form without interest coupons with the applicable legend set forth in Exhibits A and B hereto added to the form of such Notes (each, a “Rule 144A Global Note”), which shall be registered in the name of Cede & Co., as the nominee of the Depository and deposited with the Note Administrator, as custodian for the Depository, duly executed by the Issuer and in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer and authenticated by the Authenticating Agent as hereinafter provided. The aggregate principal amount of the Rule 144A Global Notes may from time to time be increased or decreased by adjustments made on the records of the Note Administrator or the Depository or its nominee, as the case may be, as hereinafter provided.

(ii) The Notes initially offered and sold in the United States to (or to U.S. Persons who are) IAIs shall be issued in definitive form, registered in the name of the legal or beneficial owner thereof attached without interest coupons with the applicable legend set forth in Exhibits A and B hereto added to the form of such Notes (each a “Definitive Note”), which shall be duly executed by the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer and authenticated by the Authenticating Agent as hereinafter provided. The aggregate principal amount of the Definitive Notes may from time to time be increased or decreased by adjustments made on the records of the Note Administrator or the Depository or its nominee, as the case may be, as hereinafter provided.

(iii) The Notes initially sold in offshore transactions in reliance on Regulation S shall be represented by one or more permanent global notes in definitive, fully registered form without interest coupons with the applicable legend set forth in Exhibits A and B, hereto added to the form of such Notes (each, a “Regulation S Global Note”), which shall be deposited on behalf of the subscribers for such Notes represented thereby with the Note Administrator as custodian for the Depository and registered in the name of a nominee of the Depository for the respective accounts of Euroclear and Clearstream, Luxembourg or their respective depositories, duly executed by the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer and authenticated by the Authenticating Agent as hereinafter provided. The aggregate principal amount of the Regulation S Global Notes may from time to time be increased or decreased by adjustments made on the records of the Note Administrator or the Depository or its nominee, as the case may be, as hereinafter provided.

 

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(c) Book-Entry Provisions. This Section 2.2(c) shall apply only to Global Notes deposited with or on behalf of the Depository.

Each of the Issuer and Co-Issuer shall execute and the Authenticating Agent shall, in accordance with this Section 2.2(c), authenticate and deliver initially one or more Global Notes that shall be (i) registered in the name of the nominee of the Depository for such Global Note or Global Notes and (ii) delivered by the Note Administrator to such Depository or pursuant to such Depository’s instructions or held by the Note Administrator’s agent as custodian for the Depository.

Agent Members shall have no rights under this Indenture with respect to any Global Note held on their behalf by the Note Administrator, as custodian for the Depository or under the Global Note, and the Depository may be treated by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, and the Operating Advisor and any of their respective agents as the absolute owner of such Global Note for all purposes whatsoever. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing herein shall prevent the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer and the Operating Advisor or any of their respective agents, from giving effect to any written certification, proxy or other authorization furnished by the Depository or impair, as between the Depository and its Agent Members, the operation of customary practices governing the exercise of the rights of a Holder of any Global Note.

(d) Delivery of Definitive Notes in Lieu of Global Notes. Except as provided in Section 2.10 hereof, owners of beneficial interests in a Class of Global Notes shall not be entitled to receive physical delivery of a Definitive Note.

Section 2.3 Authorized Amount; Stated Maturity Date; and Denominations.

(a) The aggregate principal amount of Notes that may be authenticated and delivered under this Indenture is limited to U.S.$872,646,000, except for Notes authenticated and delivered upon registration of transfer of, or in exchange for, or in lieu of, other Notes pursuant to Section 2.5, 2.6 or 8.5 hereof.

Such Notes shall be divided into seven Classes having designations and original principal amounts as follows:

 

Designation

   Original
Principal
Amount
 

Class A Senior Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 505,084,000  

Class A-S Second Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 85,015,000  

Class B Third Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 62,510,000  

Class C Fourth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 66,261,000  

 

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Designation

   Original
Principal
Amount
 

Class D Fifth Priority Secured Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 76,263,000  

Class E Sixth Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 48,758,000  

Class F Seventh Priority Floating Rate Notes Due 2037

   U.S.$ 28,755,000  

(b) The Notes shall be issuable in minimum denominations of U.S.$100,000 and integral multiples of U.S.$500 in excess thereof (plus any residual amount).

Section 2.4 Execution, Authentication, Delivery and Dating.

The Notes shall be executed on behalf of the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer by an Authorized Officer of the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer, respectively. The signature of such Authorized Officers on the Notes may be manual or facsimile.

Notes bearing the manual or facsimile signatures of individuals who were at any time the Authorized Officers of the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer shall bind the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, notwithstanding the fact that such individuals or any of them have ceased to hold such offices prior to the authentication and delivery of such Notes or did not hold such offices at the date of issuance of such Notes.

At any time and from time to time after the execution and delivery of this Indenture, the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer may deliver Notes executed by the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer to the Authenticating Agent for authentication and the Authenticating Agent, upon Issuer Order, shall authenticate and deliver such Notes as provided in this Indenture and not otherwise.

Each Note authenticated and delivered by the Authenticating Agent upon Issuer Order on the Closing Date shall be dated as of the Closing Date. All other Notes that are authenticated after the Closing Date for any other purpose under this Indenture shall be dated the date of their authentication.

Notes issued upon transfer, exchange or replacement of other Notes shall be issued in authorized denominations reflecting the original aggregate principal amount of the Notes so transferred, exchanged or replaced, but shall represent only the current outstanding principal amount of the Notes so transferred, exchanged or replaced. In the event that any Note is divided into more than one Note in accordance with this Article 2, the original principal amount of such Note shall be proportionately divided among the Notes delivered in exchange therefor and shall be deemed to be the original aggregate principal amount of such subsequently issued Notes.

 

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No Note shall be entitled to any benefit under this Indenture or be valid or obligatory for any purpose, unless there appears on such Note a Certificate of Authentication, substantially in the form provided for herein, executed by the Note Administrator or by the Authenticating Agent by the manual signature of one of their Authorized Officers, and such certificate upon any Note shall be conclusive evidence, and the only evidence, that such Note has been duly authenticated and delivered hereunder.

Section 2.5 Registration, Registration of Transfer and Exchange.

(a) The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall cause to be kept a register (the “Notes Register”) in which, subject to such reasonable regulations as it may prescribe, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall provide for the registration of Notes and the registration of transfers and exchanges of Notes. The Note Administrator is hereby initially appointed “Notes Registrar” for the purpose of maintaining the Notes Registrar and registering Notes and transfers and exchanges of such Notes with respect to the Notes Register kept in the United States as herein provided. Upon any resignation or removal of the Notes Registrar, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly appoint a successor or, in the absence of such appointment, assume the duties of Notes Registrar.

The name and address of each Noteholder and the principal amounts and stated interest of each such Noteholder in its Notes shall be recorded by the Notes Registrar in the Notes Register. For the avoidance of doubt, the Notes Register is intended to be and shall be maintained so as to cause the Notes to be considered issued in registered form under Treasury Regulations section 5f.103-1(c).

If a Person other than the Note Administrator is appointed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer as Notes Registrar, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall give the Note Administrator prompt written notice of the appointment of a successor Notes Registrar and of the location, and any change in the location, of the Notes Register, and the Note Administrator shall have the right to inspect the Notes Register at all reasonable times and to obtain copies thereof and the Note Administrator shall have the right to rely upon a certificate executed on behalf of the Notes Registrar by an Authorized Officer thereof as to the names and addresses of the Holders of the Notes and the principal amounts and numbers of such Notes. In addition, the Note Registrar shall be required, within one Business Day of each Record Date, to provide the Note Administrator with a copy of the Note Registrar in the format required by, and with all accompanying information regarding the Noteholders as may reasonably be required by the Note Administrator.

Subject to this Section 2.5, upon surrender for registration of transfer of any Notes at the office or agency of the Issuer to be maintained as provided in Section 7.2, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall execute, and the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver, in the name of the designated transferee or transferees, one or more new Notes of any authorized denomination and of a like aggregate principal amount.

At the option of the Holder, Notes may be exchanged for Notes of like terms, in any authorized denominations and of like aggregate principal amount, upon surrender of the Notes to be exchanged at the office or agency of the Issuer to be maintained as provided in Section 7.2. Whenever any Note is surrendered for exchange, the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer shall execute, and the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver, the Notes that the Holder making the exchange is entitled to receive.

 

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All Notes issued and authenticated upon any registration of transfer or exchange of Notes shall be the valid obligations of the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer, evidencing the same debt, and entitled to the same benefits under this Indenture, as the Notes surrendered upon such registration of transfer or exchange.

Every Note presented or surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange shall be duly endorsed, or be accompanied by a written instrument of transfer in form satisfactory to the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer and, in each case, the Notes Registrar duly executed by the Holder thereof or his attorney duly authorized in writing.

No service charge shall be made to a Holder for any registration of transfer or exchange of Notes, but the Note Administrator may require payment of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge payable in connection therewith.

None of the Notes Registrar, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer shall be required (i) to issue, register the transfer of or exchange any Note during a period beginning at the opening of business 15 days before any selection of Notes to be redeemed and ending at the close of business on the day of the mailing of the relevant notice of redemption, or (ii) to register the transfer of or exchange any Note so selected for redemption.

(b) No Note may be sold or transferred (including, without limitation, by pledge or hypothecation) unless such sale or transfer is exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act and is exempt from the registration requirements under applicable securities laws of any state or other jurisdiction.

(c) No Note may be offered, sold, resold or delivered, within the United States or to, or for the benefit of, U.S. Persons except in accordance with Section 2.5(e) below and in accordance with Rule 144A to QIBs or, solely with respect to Definitive Notes, IAIs who are also Qualified Purchasers purchasing for their own account or for the accounts of one or more QIBs or IAIs who are also Qualified Purchasers, for which the purchaser is acting as fiduciary or agent. The Notes may be offered, sold, resold or delivered, as the case may be, in offshore transactions to non-U.S. Persons in reliance on Regulation S. None of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator, the Trustee or any other Person may register the Notes under the Securities Act or the securities laws of any state or other jurisdiction.

(d) Upon final payment due on the Stated Maturity Date of a Note, the Holder thereof shall present and surrender such Note at the Corporate Trust Office of the Note Administrator or at the office of the Paying Agent.

(e) Transfers of Global Notes. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary herein, so long as a Global Note remains outstanding and is held by or on behalf of the Depository, transfers of a Global Note, in whole or in part, shall be made only in accordance with Section 2.2(c) and this Section 2.5(e).

(i) Except as otherwise set forth below, transfers of a Global Note shall be limited to transfers of such Global Note in whole, but not in part, to nominees of the Depository or to a successor of the Depository or such successor’s nominee. Transfers of a Global Note to a Definitive Note may only be made in accordance with Section 2.10.

 

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(ii) Regulation S Global Note to Rule 144A Global Note or Definitive Note. If a holder of a beneficial interest in a Regulation S Global Note wishes at any time to exchange its interest in such Regulation S Global Note for an interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note or for a Definitive Note or to transfer its interest in such Regulation S Global Note to a Person who wishes to take delivery thereof in the form of an interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note or for a Definitive Note, such holder may, subject to the immediately succeeding sentence and the rules and procedures of Euroclear, Clearstream and/or DTC, as the case may be, exchange or transfer, or cause the exchange or transfer of, such interest for an equivalent beneficial interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note or for a Definitive Note. Upon receipt by the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar of:

(1) if the transferee is taking a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note, instructions from Euroclear, Clearstream and/or DTC, as the case may be, directing the Note Registrar to cause to be credited a beneficial interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note in an amount equal to the beneficial interest in such Regulation S Global Note, but not less than the minimum denomination applicable to such holder’s Notes to be exchanged or transferred, such instructions to contain information regarding the participant account with DTC to be credited with such increase and a duly completed certificate in the form of Exhibit C-2 attached hereto; or

(2) if the transferee is taking a Definitive Note, a duly completed transfer certificate in substantially the form of Exhibit C-3 hereto, certifying that such transferee is an IAI,

then the Notes Registrar shall either (x) if the transferee is taking a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note, approve the instructions at DTC to reduce, or cause to be reduced, the Regulation S Global Note by the aggregate principal amount of the beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note to be transferred or exchanged and the Notes Registrar shall instruct DTC, concurrently with such reduction, to credit or cause to be credited to the securities account of the Person specified in such instructions a beneficial interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note equal to the reduction in the principal amount of the Regulation S Global Note or (y) if the transferee is taking an interest in a Definitive Note, the Notes Registrar shall record the transfer in the Notes Register in accordance with Section 2.5(a) and, upon execution by the Issuers, the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver one or more Definitive Notes, as applicable, registered in the names specified in the instructions described above, in principal amounts designated by the transferee (the aggregate of such principal amounts being equal to the aggregate principal amount of the interest in the Regulation S Global Note transferred by the transferor).

(iii) Definitive Note or Rule 144A Global Note to Regulation S Global Note. If a holder of a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note or a Holder of a Definitive Note wishes at any time to exchange its interest in such Rule 144A Global Note or Definitive Note for an interest in the corresponding Regulation S Global Note, or to transfer its interest in such Rule 144A Global Note or Definitive Note to a Person who wishes to

 

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take delivery thereof in the form of an interest in the corresponding Regulation S Global Note, such holder, provided such holder or, in the case of a transfer, the transferee is not a U.S. person and is acquiring such interest in an offshore transaction, may, subject to the immediately succeeding sentence and the rules and procedures of DTC, exchange or transfer, or cause the exchange or transfer of, such interest for an equivalent beneficial interest in the corresponding Regulation S Global Note. Upon receipt by the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar of:

(1) instructions given in accordance with DTC’s procedures from an Agent Member directing the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar to credit or cause to be credited a beneficial interest in the corresponding Regulation S Global Note, but not less than the minimum denomination applicable to such holder’s Notes, in an amount equal to the beneficial interest in the Rule 144A Global Note or Definitive Note to be exchanged or transferred, and in the case of a transfer of Definitive Notes, such Holder’s Definitive Notes properly endorsed for assignment to the transferee,

(2) a written order given in accordance with DTC’s procedures containing information regarding the participant account of DTC and the Euroclear or Clearstream account to be credited with such increase,

(3) in the case of a transfer of Definitive Notes, a Holder’s Definitive Note properly endorsed for assignment to the transferee, and

(4) a duly completed certificate in the form of Exhibit C-1 attached hereto,

then the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar shall approve the instructions at DTC to reduce the principal amount of the Rule 144A Global Note (or, in the case of a transfer of Definitive Notes, the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar shall cancel such Definitive Notes) and to increase the principal amount of the Regulation S Global Note by the aggregate principal amount of the beneficial interest in the Rule 144A Global Note or Definitive Note to be exchanged or transferred, and to credit or cause to be credited to the securities account of the Person specified in such instructions a beneficial interest in the corresponding Regulation S Global Note equal to the reduction in the principal amount of the Rule 144A Global Note (or, in the case of a cancellation of Definitive Notes, equal to the principal amount of Definitive Notes so cancelled).

(iv) Transfer of Rule 144A Global Notes to Definitive Notes. If, in accordance with Section 2.10, a holder of a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note wishes at any time to exchange its interest in such Rule 144A Global Note for a Definitive Note or to transfer its interest in such Rule 144A Global Note to a Person who wishes to take delivery thereof in the form of a Definitive Note in accordance with Section 2.10, such holder may, subject to the immediately succeeding sentence and the rules and procedures of DTC, exchange or transfer, or cause the exchange or transfer of, such interest for a Definitive Note. Upon receipt by the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar of (A) a duly complete certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit C-3 and (B) appropriate

 

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instructions from DTC, if required, the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar shall approve the instructions at DTC to reduce, or cause to be reduced, the Rule 144A Global Note by the aggregate principal amount of the beneficial interest in the Rule 144A Global Note to be transferred or exchanged, record the transfer in the Notes Register in accordance with Section 2.5(a) and upon execution by the Issuers, the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver one or more Definitive Notes, registered in the names specified in the instructions described in clause (B) above, in principal amounts designated by the transferee (the aggregate of such principal amounts being equal to the aggregate principal amount of the interest in the Rule 144A Global Note transferred by the transferor).

(v) Transfer of Definitive Notes to Rule 144A Global Notes. If a holder of a Definitive Note wishes at any time to exchange its interest in such Definitive Note for a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note or to transfer such Definitive Note to a Person who wishes to take delivery thereof in the form of a beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note, such holder may, subject to the immediately succeeding sentence and the rules and procedures of DTC, exchange or transfer, or cause the exchange or transfer of, such Definitive Note for beneficial interest in a Rule 144A Global Note (provided that no IAI may hold an interest in a Rule 144A Global Note). Upon receipt by the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar of (A) a Holder’s Definitive Note properly endorsed for assignment to the transferee; (B) a duly completed certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit C-2 attached hereto; (C) instructions given in accordance with DTC’s procedures from an Agent Member to instruct DTC to cause to be credited a beneficial interest in the Rule 144A Global Notes in an amount equal to the Definitive Notes to be transferred or exchanged; and (D) a written order given in accordance with DTC’s procedures containing information regarding the participant’s account of DTC to be credited with such increase, the Note Administrator or the Notes Registrar shall cancel such Definitive Note in accordance herewith, record the transfer in the Notes Register in accordance with Section 2.5(a) and approve the instructions at DTC, concurrently with such cancellation, to credit or cause to be credited to the securities account of the Person specified in such instructions a beneficial interest in the corresponding Rule 144A Global Note equal to the principal amount of the Definitive Note transferred or exchanged.

(vi) Transfers of EHRI. Transfers of the Preferred Shares and restrictions on the transfer of the EHRI shall be governed by the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, and be subject to Section 2.5(n).

(vii) Other Exchanges. In the event that, pursuant to Section 2.10 hereof, a Global Note is exchanged for Definitive Notes, such Notes may be exchanged for one another only in accordance with such procedures as are substantially consistent with the provisions above (including certification requirements intended to ensure that such transfers are to a QIB who is also a Qualified Purchaser or are to a non-U.S. Person, or otherwise comply with Rule 144A or Regulation S, as the case may be) and as may be from time to time adopted by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer and the Note Administrator.

 

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(f) Removal of Legend. If Notes are issued upon the transfer, exchange or replacement of Notes bearing the applicable legends set forth in Exhibits A and B hereto, and if a request is made to remove such applicable legend on such Notes, the Notes so issued shall bear such applicable legend, or such applicable legend shall not be removed, as the case may be, unless there is delivered to the Issuer and the Co-Issuer such satisfactory evidence, which may include an Opinion of Counsel of an attorney at law licensed to practice law in the State of New York (and addressed to the Issuer and the Note Administrator), as may be reasonably required by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, to the effect that neither such applicable legend nor the restrictions on transfer set forth therein are required to ensure that transfers thereof comply with the provisions of Rule 144A or Regulation S, as applicable, the 1940 Act, ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code. So long as the Issuer or the Co-Issuer is relying on an exemption under or promulgated pursuant to the 1940 Act, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer shall not remove that portion of the legend required to maintain an exemption under or promulgated pursuant to the 1940 Act. Upon provision of such satisfactory evidence, as confirmed in writing by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, to the Note Administrator, the Note Administrator, at the direction of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, shall authenticate and deliver Notes that do not bear such applicable legend.

(g) Each beneficial owner of Regulation S Global Notes shall be deemed to make the representations and agreements set forth in Exhibit C-1 hereto.

(h) Each beneficial owner of Rule 144A Global Notes shall be deemed to make the representations and agreements set forth in Exhibit C-2 hereto.

(i) Each Holder of Definitive Notes shall make the representations and agreements set forth in the certificate attached as Exhibit C-3 hereto.

(j) Any purported transfer of a Note not in accordance with Section 2.5(a) shall be null and void and shall not be given effect for any purpose hereunder.

(k) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Indenture to the contrary, neither the Note Administrator nor the Notes Registrar (nor any other Transfer Agent) shall be responsible or liable for compliance with applicable federal or state securities laws (including, without limitation, the Securities Act or Rule 144A or Regulation S promulgated thereunder), the 1940 Act, ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code (or any applicable regulations thereunder); provided, however, that if a specified transfer certificate or Opinion of Counsel is required by the express terms of this Section 2.5 to be delivered to the Note Administrator or Notes Registrar prior to registration of transfer of a Note, the Note Administrator and/or Notes Registrar, as applicable, is required to request, as a condition for registering the transfer of the Note, such certificate or Opinion of Counsel and to examine the same to determine whether it conforms on its face to the requirements hereof (and the Note Administrator or Notes Registrar, as the case may be, shall promptly notify the party delivering the same if it determines that such certificate or Opinion of Counsel does not so conform).

(l) If the Note Administrator has actual knowledge or is notified by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the Collateral Manager that (i) a transfer or attempted or purported transfer of any interest in any Note was consummated in compliance with the provisions of this Section 2.5 on the basis of a materially incorrect certification from the transferee or purported transferee, (ii) a transferee failed to deliver to the Note Administrator any certification required to be delivered hereunder or (iii) the holder of any interest in a Note is in breach of any representation or agreement set forth in any certification or any deemed representation or agreement of such holder, the Note

 

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Administrator shall not register such attempted or purported transfer and if a transfer has been registered, such transfer shall be absolutely null and void ab initio and shall vest no rights in the purported transferee (such purported transferee, a “Disqualified Transferee”) and the last preceding holder of such interest in such Note that was not a Disqualified Transferee shall be restored to all rights as a Holder thereof retroactively to the date of transfer of such Note by such Holder.

In addition, the Note Administrator may require that the interest in the Note referred to in (i), (ii) or (iii) in the preceding paragraph be transferred to any Person designated by the Issuer or the Collateral Manager at a price determined by the Issuer or the Collateral Manager, based upon its estimation of the prevailing price of such interest and each Holder, by acceptance of an interest in a Note, authorizes the Note Administrator to take such action. In any case, none of the Issuer, the Collateral Manager or the Note Administrator shall not be held responsible for any losses that may be incurred as a result of any required transfer under this Section 2.5(l).

(m) Each Holder of Notes approves and consents to (i) the purchase of the Mortgage Assets by the Issuer from the Seller on the Closing Date and (ii) any other transaction between the Issuer and the Seller or the Collateral Manager or their Affiliates that are permitted under the terms of this Indenture or the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

(n) As long as any Note is Outstanding, Retained Securities and ordinary shares of the Issuer held by Sub-REIT, Retention Holder or any other disregarded entity of Sub-REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes may not be transferred, pledged or hypothecated to any Person (except to an affiliate that is wholly-owned by Sub-REIT and is disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes) unless the Issuer receives a No Entity-Level Tax Opinion with respect to such transfer, pledge or hypothecation (or has previously received No Trade or Business Opinion).

For the avoidance of doubt, the Indenture Accounts (including income, if any, earned on the investments of funds in such account) will be owned by Sub-REIT, if the Issuer is wholly-owned by Sub-REIT, or a subsequent REIT that wholly owns the Issuer, for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Issuer shall provide to the Note Administrator (i) an IRS Form W-9 or appropriate IRS Form W-8 no later than the Closing Date, and (ii) any additional IRS forms (or updated versions of any previously submitted IRS forms) or other documentation at such time or times required by applicable law or upon the reasonable request of the Note Administrator as may be necessary (i) to reduce or eliminate the imposition of U.S. withholding taxes and (ii) to permit the Note Administrator to fulfill its tax reporting obligations under applicable law with respect to the Indenture Accounts or any amounts paid to the Issuer. If any IRS form or other documentation previously delivered becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, Issuer shall timely provide to the Note Administrator accurately updated and complete versions of such IRS forms or other documentation. The Note Administrator shall have no liability to Issuer or any other person in connection with any tax withholding amounts paid or withheld from the Indenture Accounts pursuant to applicable law arising from the Issuer’s failure to timely provide an accurate, correct and complete IRS Form W-9, an appropriate IRS Form W-8 or such other documentation contemplated under this paragraph. For the avoidance of doubt, no funds shall be invested with respect to such Indenture Accounts absent the Note Administrator having first received (i) the requisite written investment direction from the Issuer with respect to the investment of such funds, and (ii) the IRS forms and other documentation required by this paragraph.

 

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Section 2.6 Mutilated, Defaced, Destroyed, Lost or Stolen Note.

If (a) any mutilated or defaced Note is surrendered to a Transfer Agent, or if there shall be delivered to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator and the relevant Transfer Agent (each a “Specified Person”) evidence to their reasonable satisfaction of the destruction, loss or theft of any Note, and (b) there is delivered to each Specified Person such security or indemnity as may be required by each Specified Person to save each of them and any agent of any of them harmless, then, in the absence of notice to the Specified Persons that such Note has been acquired by a bona fide purchaser, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall execute and, upon Issuer Request, the Note Administrator shall cause the Authenticating Agent to authenticate and deliver, in lieu of any such mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Note, a new Note, of like tenor (including the same date of issuance) and equal principal amount, registered in the same manner, dated the date of its authentication, bearing interest from the date to which interest has been paid on the mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Note and bearing a number not contemporaneously outstanding.

If, after delivery of such new Note, a bona fide purchaser of the predecessor Note presents for payment, transfer or exchange such predecessor Note, any Specified Person shall be entitled to recover such new Note from the Person to whom it was delivered or any Person taking therefrom, and each Specified Person shall be entitled to recover upon the security or indemnity provided therefor to the extent of any loss, damage, cost or expense incurred by such Specified Person in connection therewith.

In case any such mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Note has become due and payable, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, in their discretion may, instead of issuing a new Note, pay such Note without requiring surrender thereof except that any mutilated or defaced Note shall be surrendered.

Upon the issuance of any new Note under this Section 2.6, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, may require the payment by the registered Holder thereof of a sum sufficient to cover any tax or other governmental charge that may be imposed in relation thereto and any other expenses (including the fees and expenses of the Trustee) connected therewith.

Every new Note issued pursuant to this Section 2.6 in lieu of any mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Note shall constitute an original additional contractual obligation of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if applicable, and such new Note shall be entitled, subject to the second paragraph of this Section 2.6, to all the benefits of this Indenture equally and proportionately with any and all other Notes duly issued hereunder.

The provisions of this Section 2.6 are exclusive and shall preclude (to the extent lawful) all other rights and remedies with respect to the replacement or payment of mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Notes.

 

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Section 2.7 Payment of Principal and Interest and Other Amounts; Principal and Interest Rights Preserved.

(a) Each Class of Notes shall accrue interest during each Interest Accrual Period at the Note Interest Rate applicable to such Class and such interest will be payable in arrears on each Payment Date on the Aggregate Outstanding Amount thereof on the first day of the related Interest Accrual Period (after giving effect to payments of principal thereof on such date), except as otherwise set forth below. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that the Notes convert to the Treasury Rate or the Successor Benchmark Rate, each Class of Notes shall accrue interest during each Interest Accrual Period at (x) the Treasury Rate plus the Treasury Rate Spread applicable to such Class or (y) the Successor Benchmark Rate plus the Successor Benchmark Rate Spread applicable to such Class, respectively. Payment of interest on each Class of Notes will be subordinated to the payment of interest on each related Class of Notes senior thereto. Any payment of interest due on a Class of Deferred Interest Notes on any Payment Date to the extent sufficient funds are not available to make such payment in accordance with the Priority of Payments on such Payment Date, but only if such Class is not the most senior Class Outstanding, shall constitute “Deferred Interest” with respect to such Class and shall not be considered “due and payable” for the purposes of Section 5.1(a) (and the failure to pay such interest shall not be an Event of Default) until the earliest of (i) the Payment Date on which funds are available to pay such Deferred Interest in accordance with the Priority of Payments, (ii) the Redemption Date with respect to such Class of Deferred Interest Notes and (iii) the Stated Maturity Date (or the earlier date of Maturity) of such Class of Deferred Interest Notes. Deferred Interest on any Class of Deferred Interest Notes shall be added to the principal balance of such Class of Deferred Interest Notes. Regardless of whether any more senior Class of Notes is Outstanding with respect to any Class of Deferred Interest Notes, to the extent that funds are not available on any Payment Date (other than the Redemption Date with respect to, or the Stated Maturity Date of, such Class of Deferred Interest Notes) to pay previously accrued Deferred Interest, such previously accrued Deferred Interest will not be due and payable on such Payment Date and any failure to pay such previously accrued Deferred Interest on such Payment Date will not be an Event of Default. Interest will cease to accrue on each Note, or in the case of a partial repayment, on such repaid part, from the date of repayment or the Stated Maturity Date unless payment of principal is improperly withheld or unless an Event of Default occurs with respect to such payments of principal. To the extent lawful and enforceable, interest on any interest that is not paid when due on the Class A Notes; or, if no Class A Notes are Outstanding, the Notes of the Controlling Class, shall accrue at the Note Interest Rate applicable to such Class until paid as provided herein.

(b) The principal of each Class of Notes matures at par and is due and payable on the date of the Stated Maturity Date for such Class, unless such principal has been previously repaid or unless the unpaid principal of such Note becomes due and payable at an earlier date by declaration of acceleration, call for redemption or otherwise. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the payment of principal of each Class of Notes may only occur (other than amounts constituting Deferred Interest thereon which will be payable from Interest Proceeds) pursuant to the Priority of Payments. The payment of principal on any Note (x) may only occur after each Class more senior thereto is no longer Outstanding and (y) is subordinated to the payment on each Payment Date of the principal due and payable on each Class more senior thereto and certain other amounts in accordance with the Priority of Payments. Payments of principal on any Class of Notes that are not paid, in accordance with the Priority of Payments, on any Payment Date (other than the Payment Date which is the Stated Maturity Date (or the earlier date of maturity) of such Class of Notes or any Redemption Date), because of insufficient funds therefor shall not be considered “due and payable” for purposes of Section 5.1(a) until the Payment Date on which such principal may be paid in accordance with the Priority of Payments or all Classes of Notes most senior thereto with respect to such Class have been paid in full. Payments of principal of the Notes in connection with a Clean-up Call, Tax Redemption, Auction Call Redemption or Optional Redemption will be made in accordance with Section 9.1 and the Priority of Payments.

 

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(c) As a condition to the payment of principal of and interest on any Note without the imposition of U.S. withholding tax, the Issuer shall require certification acceptable to it to enable the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Preferred Share Paying Agent and the Paying Agent to determine their duties and liabilities with respect to any taxes or other charges that they may be required to deduct or withhold from payments in respect of such Security under any present or future law or regulation of the United States or the Cayman Islands or any present or future law or regulation of any political subdivision thereof or taxing authority therein or to comply with any reporting or other requirements under any such law or regulation. Such certification may include U.S. federal income tax forms, such as IRS Form W-8BEN (Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals)), IRS Form W-8BEN-E (Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Entities), IRS Form W-8IMY (Certificate of Foreign Intermediary, Foreign Flow-Through Entity or Certain U.S. Branches for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting), IRS Form W-9 (Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification), or IRS Form W-8ECI (Certificate of Foreign Person’s Claim that Income Is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States) or any successors to such IRS forms). In addition, each of the Issuer, Co-Issuer, the Trustee, Preferred Share Paying Agent or any Paying Agent may require certification acceptable to it to enable the Issuer to qualify for a reduced rate of withholding in any jurisdiction from or through which the Issuer receives payments on its Collateral. Each Holder and each beneficial owner of Notes agree to provide any certification requested pursuant to this Section 2.7(f) (including a properly completed and executed “Entity Self Certification Form” or “Individual Self Certification Form” (in the forms published by the Cayman Islands Department for International Tax Cooperation, which forms can be obtained at http://www.tia.gov.ky/pdf/CRS_Legislation.pdf)) and to update or replace such form or certification in accordance with its terms or its subsequent amendments. Furthermore, the Issuer shall require information to comply with FATCA requirements pursuant to clause (xii) of the representations and warranties set forth under the third paragraph of Exhibit C-1 hereto, as deemed made pursuant to Section 2.5(g) hereto, or pursuant to clause (xiii) of the representations and warranties set forth under the third paragraph of Exhibit C-2 hereto, as deemed made pursuant to Section 2.5(h) hereto, or pursuant to clause (viii) of the representations and warranties set forth under the third paragraph of Exhibit C-3 hereto, made pursuant to Section 2.5(i) hereto, as applicable.

(d) Payments in respect of interest on and principal of the Notes shall be payable by wire transfer in immediately available funds to a Dollar account maintained by the Holder or its nominee; provided that the Holder has provided wiring instructions to the Paying Agent on or before the related Record Date or, if wire transfer cannot be effected, by a Dollar check drawn on a bank in the United States, or by a Dollar check mailed to the Holder at its address in the Notes Register. The Issuer expects that the Depository or its nominee, upon receipt of any payment of principal or interest in respect of a Global Note held by the Depository or its nominee, shall immediately credit the applicable Agent Members’ accounts with payments in amounts proportionate to the respective beneficial interests in such Global Note as shown on the records of the Depository or its nominee. The Issuer also expects that payments by Agent Members to owners of beneficial interests in such Global Note held through Agent Members will be governed by

 

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standing instructions and customary practices, as is now the case with securities held for the accounts of customers registered in the names of nominees for such customers. Such payments will be the responsibility of the Agent Members. Upon final payment due on the Maturity of a Note, the Holder thereof shall present and surrender such Note at the Corporate Trust Office of the Note Administrator or at the office of the Paying Agent (or, to a foreign paying agent appointed by the Note Administrator outside of the United States if then required by applicable law, in the case of a Definitive Note issued in exchange for a beneficial interest in the Regulation S Global Note) on or prior to such Maturity. None of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator or the Paying Agent will have any responsibility or liability with respect to any records maintained by the Holder of any Note with respect to the beneficial holders thereof or payments made thereby on account of beneficial interests held therein. In the case where any final payment of principal and interest is to be made on any Note (other than on the Stated Maturity Date thereof) the Issuer or, upon Issuer Request, the Note Administrator, in the name and at the expense of the Issuer, shall not more than 30 nor fewer than five Business Days prior to the date on which such payment is to be made, mail to the Persons entitled thereto at their addresses appearing on the Notes Register, a notice which shall state the date on which such payment will be made and the amount of such payment and shall specify the place where such Notes may be presented and surrendered for such payment.

(e) Subject to the provisions of Sections 2.7(a) and Section 2.7(d) hereof, Holders of Notes as of the Record Date in respect of a Payment Date shall be entitled to the interest accrued and payable in accordance with the Priority of Payments and principal payable in accordance with the Priority of Payments on such Payment Date. All such payments that are mailed or wired and returned to the Paying Agent shall be held for payment as herein provided at the office or agency of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer to be maintained as provided in Section 7.2 (or returned to the Trustee).

(f) Interest on any Note which is payable, and is punctually paid or duly provided for, on any Payment Date shall be paid to the Person in whose name that Note (or one or more predecessor Notes) is registered at the close of business on the Record Date for such interest.

(g) Payments of principal to Holders of the Notes of each Class shall be made in the proportion that the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes of such Class registered in the name of each such Holder on such Record Date bears to the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of all Notes of such Class on such Record Date.

(h) Interest accrued with respect to the Notes shall be calculated as described in the applicable form of Note attached hereto.

(i) All reductions in the principal amount of a Note (or one or more predecessor Notes) effected by payments of installments of principal made on any Payment Date, Redemption Date or upon Maturity shall be binding upon all future Holders of such Note and of any Note issued upon the registration of transfer thereof or in exchange therefor or in lieu thereof, whether or not such payment is noted on such Note.

 

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(j) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Indenture to the contrary, the obligations of the Issuer under the Notes and the Co-Issuer under the Offered Notes, this Indenture and the other Transaction Documents are limited-recourse obligations of the Issuer and non-recourse obligations of the Co-Issuer and, with respect to the Offered Notes only, are payable solely from the Collateral and following realization of the Collateral, all obligations of the Co-Issuers and any claims of the Noteholders, the Trustee or any other parties to any Transaction Documents shall be extinguished and shall not thereafter revive. No recourse shall be had for the payment of any amount owing in respect of the Notes against any Officer, director, employee, shareholder, limited partner or incorporator of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any of their respective successors or assigns for any amounts payable under the Notes or this Indenture. It is understood that the foregoing provisions of this paragraph shall not (i) prevent recourse to the Collateral for the sums due or to become due under any security, instrument or agreement which is part of the Collateral or (ii) constitute a waiver, release or discharge of any indebtedness or obligation evidenced by the Notes or secured by this Indenture (to the extent it relates to the obligation to make payments on the Notes) until such Collateral have been realized, whereupon any outstanding indebtedness or obligation in respect of the Notes, this Indenture and the other Transaction Documents shall be extinguished and shall not thereafter revive. It is further understood that the foregoing provisions of this paragraph shall not limit the right of any Person to name the Issuer or the Co-Issuer as a party defendant in any Proceeding or in the exercise of any other remedy under the Notes or this Indenture, so long as no judgment in the nature of a deficiency judgment or seeking personal liability shall be asked for or (if obtained) enforced against any such Person or entity.

(k) Subject to the foregoing provisions of this Section 2.7, each Note delivered under this Indenture and upon registration of transfer of or in exchange for or in lieu of any other Note shall carry the rights of unpaid interest and principal that were carried by such other Note.

(l) Notwithstanding any of the foregoing provisions with respect to payments of principal of and interest on the Notes (but subject to Sections 2.7(e) and (h)), if the Notes have become or been declared due and payable following an Event of Default and such acceleration of Maturity and its consequences have not been rescinded and annulled and the provisions of Section 5.5 are not applicable, then payments of principal of and interest on such Notes shall be made in accordance with Section 5.7 hereof.

(m) Payments in respect of the Preferred Shares as contemplated by Sections 11.1(a)(i)(19), 11.1(a)(ii)(16) and 11.1(a)(iii)(17) shall be made by the Paying Agent to the Preferred Share Paying Agent.

Section 2.8 Persons Deemed Owners.

The Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and any of their respective agents may treat as the owner of a Note the Person in whose name such Note is registered on the Notes Register on the applicable Record Date for the purpose of receiving payments of principal of and interest and other amounts on such Note and on any other date for all other purposes whatsoever (whether or not such Note is overdue), and none of the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor or any of their respective agents shall be affected by notice to the contrary; provided, however, that the Depository, or its nominee, shall be deemed the owner of the Global Notes, and owners of beneficial interests in Global Notes will not be considered the owners of any Notes for the purpose of receiving notices. With respect to the Preferred Shares, on any Payment Date, the Trustee shall deliver to the Preferred Share Paying Agent the distributions thereon for distribution to the Preferred Shareholders.

 

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Section 2.9 Cancellation.

All Notes surrendered for payment, registration of transfer, exchange or redemption, or deemed lost or stolen, shall, upon delivery to the Notes Registrar, be promptly canceled by the Notes Registrar and may not be reissued or resold. No Notes shall be authenticated in lieu of or in exchange for any Notes canceled as provided in this Section 2.9, except as expressly permitted by this Indenture. All canceled Notes held by the Notes Registrar shall be destroyed or held by the Notes Registrar in accordance with its standard retention policy. Notes of the most senior Class Outstanding that are held by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager or any of their respective Affiliates (and not Notes of any other Class) may be submitted to the Notes Registrar for cancellation at any time.

Section 2.10 Global Notes; Definitive Notes; Temporary Notes.

(a) Definitive Notes. Definitive Notes shall only be issued in the following limited circumstances:

(i) upon Transfer of Global Notes to an IAI in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2.5(e)(ii) or Section 2.5(e)(iii);

(ii) if a holder of a Definitive Note wishes at any time to exchange such Definitive Note for one or more Definitive Notes or transfer such Definitive Note to a transferee who wishes to take delivery thereof in the form of a Definitive Note in accordance with this Section 2.10, such holder may effect such exchange or transfer upon receipt by the Notes Registrar of (A) a Holder’s Definitive Note properly endorsed for assignment to the transferee, and (B) duly completed certificates in the form of Exhibit C-3, upon receipt of which the Notes Registrar shall then cancel such Definitive Note in accordance herewith, record the transfer in the Notes Register in accordance with Section 2.5(a) and upon execution by the Co-Issuers, the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver one or more Definitive Notes bearing the same designation as the Definitive Note endorsed for transfer, registered in the names specified in the assignment described in clause (A) above, in principal amounts designated by the transferee (the aggregate of such principal amounts being equal to the aggregate principal amount of the Definitive Note surrendered by the transferor);

(iii) in the event that the Depository notifies the Issuer and the Co-Issuer that it is unwilling or unable to continue as Depository for a Global Note or if at any time such Depository ceases to be a “Clearing Agency” registered under the Exchange Act and a successor depository is not appointed by the Issuer within 90 days of such notice, the Global Notes deposited with the Depository pursuant to Section 2.2 hereof shall be transferred to the beneficial owners thereof subject to the procedures and conditions set forth in this Section 2.10.

 

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(b) Any Global Note that is exchanged for a Definitive Note shall be surrendered by the Depository to the Notes Administrator’s Corporate Trust Office together with necessary instruction for the registration and delivery of a Definitive Note to the beneficial owners (or such owner’s nominee) holding the ownership interests in such Global Note. Any such transfer shall be made, without charge, and the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver, upon such transfer of each portion of such Global Note, an equal aggregate principal amount of Definitive Notes of the same Class and authorized denominations. Any Definitive Notes delivered in exchange for an interest in a Global Note shall, except as otherwise provided by Section 2.5(f), bear the applicable legend set forth in Exhibits C-1 or C-2, as applicable, and shall be subject to the transfer restrictions referred to in such applicable legend. The Holder of each such registered individual Global Note may transfer such Global Note by surrendering it at the Corporate Trust Office of the Note Administrator, or at the office of the Paying Agent.

(c) Subject to the provisions of Section 2.10(b) above, the registered Holder of a Global Note may grant proxies and otherwise authorize any Person, including Agent Members and Persons that may hold interests through Agent Members, to take any action which a Holder is entitled to take under this Indenture or the Notes.

(d) [Reserved.]

(e) In the event of the occurrence of either of the events specified in Section 2.10(a) above, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly make available to the Notes Registrar a reasonable supply of Definitive Notes.

Pending the preparation of Definitive Notes pursuant to this Section 2.10, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer may execute and, upon Issuer Order, the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver, temporary Notes that are printed, lithographed, typewritten, mimeographed or otherwise reproduced, in any authorized denomination, substantially of the tenor of the Definitive Notes in lieu of which they are issued and with such appropriate insertions, omissions, substitutions and other variations as the Officers executing such Definitive Notes may determine, as conclusively evidenced by their execution of such Definitive Notes.

If temporary Definitive Notes are issued, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall cause permanent Definitive Notes to be prepared without unreasonable delay. The Definitive Notes shall be printed, lithographed, typewritten or otherwise reproduced, or provided by any combination thereof, or in any other manner permitted by the rules and regulations of any applicable notes exchange, all as determined by the Officers executing such Definitive Notes. After the preparation of Definitive Notes, the temporary Notes shall be exchangeable for Definitive Notes upon surrender of the applicable temporary Definitive Notes at the office or agency maintained by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer for such purpose, without charge to the Holder. Upon surrender for cancellation of any one or more temporary Definitive Note, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall execute, and the Authenticating Agent shall authenticate and deliver, in exchange therefor the same aggregate principal amount of Definitive Notes of authorized denominations. Until so exchanged, the temporary Notes shall in all respects be entitled to the same benefits under this Indenture as Definitive Notes.

 

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(f) Each Holder of a Definitive Note agrees to provide the Issuer or its agents with such information and documentation that may be required for the Issuer to comply with the Cayman AML Regulations and shall update or replace such information or documentation as may be necessary.

Section 2.11 U.S. Tax Treatment of Notes and the Issuer.

(a) Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer intends that, for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (i) the Notes (unless held by Sub-REIT or any entity disregarded into Sub-REIT) be treated as debt, (ii) 100% of the Retained Securities and 100% of the ordinary shares of the Issuer be beneficially owned by Retention Holder, and (iii) the Issuer be treated as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purpose (unless, in the case of clause (iii), the Issuer has received a No Trade or Business Opinion). Each prospective purchaser and any subsequent transferee of a Note or any interest therein shall, by virtue of its purchase or other acquisition of such Note or interest therein, be deemed to have agreed to treat such Note in a manner consistent with the preceding sentence for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

(b) The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall account for the Notes and prepare any reports to Noteholders and tax authorities consistent with the intentions expressed in Section 2.11(a) above.

(c) Each Holder of Notes shall timely furnish to the Issuer and the Co-Issuer or their respective agents any U.S. federal income tax form or certification, such as IRS Form W-8BEN (Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Individuals)), IRS Form W-8BEN-E (Certificate of Foreign Status of Beneficial Owner for the United States Tax Withholding and Reporting (Entities)) IRS Form W-8IMY (Certificate of Foreign Intermediary, Foreign Flow Through Entity, or Certain U.S. Branches for United States Tax Withholding and Reporting), IRS Form W-9 (Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification), or IRS Form W-8ECI (Certificate of Foreign Person’s Claim that Income is Effectively Connected with the Conduct of a Trade or Business in the United States) or any successors to such IRS forms that the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or their respective agents may reasonably request and shall update or replace such forms or certification in accordance with its terms or its subsequent amendments. Furthermore, Noteholders shall timely furnish any information required pursuant to Section 2.7(c).

(d) The Issuer shall be responsible for all calculations of original issue discount on the Notes, if any.

(e) Retention Holder, by acceptance of the Retained Securities and the ordinary shares of the Issuer, agrees to take no action inconsistent with such treatment and, for so long as any Note is Outstanding, agrees not to sell, transfer, convey, setover, pledge or encumber any Retained Securities and/or the ordinary shares of the Issuer, except to the extent permitted pursuant to Section 2.5(n).

 

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Section 2.12 Authenticating Agents.

Upon the request of the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator shall, and if the Note Administrator so chooses the Note Administrator may, pursuant to this Indenture, appoint one or more Authenticating Agents with power to act on its behalf and subject to its direction in the authentication of Notes in connection with issuance, transfers and exchanges under Sections 2.4, 2.5, 2.6 and 8.5 hereof, as fully to all intents and purposes as though each such Authenticating Agent had been expressly authorized by such Sections to authenticate such Notes. For all purposes of this Indenture, the authentication of Notes by an Authenticating Agent pursuant to this Section 2.12 shall be deemed to be the authentication of Notes by the Note Administrator.

Any corporation or banking association into which any Authenticating Agent may be merged or converted or with which it may be consolidated, or any corporation or banking association resulting from any merger, consolidation or conversion to which any Authenticating Agent shall be a party, or any corporation succeeding to the corporate trust business of any Authenticating Agent, shall be the successor of such Authenticating Agent hereunder, without the execution or filing of any further act on the part of the parties hereto or such Authenticating Agent or such successor corporation. Any Authenticating Agent may at any time resign by giving written notice of resignation to the Note Administrator, the Trustee, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer. The Note Administrator may at any time terminate the agency of any Authenticating Agent by giving written notice of termination to such Authenticating Agent, the Trustee, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer. Upon receiving such notice of resignation or upon such a termination, the Note Administrator shall promptly appoint a successor Authenticating Agent and shall give written notice of such appointment to the Issuer.

The Note Administrator agrees to pay to each Authenticating Agent appointed by it from time to time reasonable compensation for its services, and reimbursement for its reasonable expenses relating thereto and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to be reimbursed for such payments, subject to Section 6.7 hereof. The provisions of Sections 2.9, 6.4 and 6.5 hereof shall be applicable to any Authenticating Agent.

Section 2.13 Forced Sale on Failure to Comply with Restrictions.

(a) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary elsewhere in this Indenture, any transfer of a Note or interest therein to a U.S. Person who is determined not to have been both (1) a QIB or an IAI and (2) a Qualified Purchaser at the time of acquisition of the Note or interest therein shall be null and void and any such proposed transfer of which the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator or the Trustee shall have written notice (which includes via electronic mail) may be disregarded by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee for all purposes.

(b) If the Issuer determines that any Holder of a Note has not satisfied the applicable requirement described in Section 2.13(a) above or such person is a Non-Permitted AML Holder (any such Person a “Non-Permitted Holder”), then the Issuer shall promptly after discovery that such Person is a Non-Permitted Holder by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or a Responsible Officer of the Paying Agent (and notice by the Paying Agent or the Co-Issuer to the Issuer, if either of them makes the discovery), send notice (or cause notice to be sent) to such Non-Permitted Holder demanding that such Non-Permitted Holder transfer its interest to a Person that is not a Non-Permitted Holder within 30 days of the date of such notice. If such Non-Permitted Holder fails to so transfer its Note or interest therein, the Issuer shall have the right, without further notice to the

 

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Non-Permitted Holder, to sell such Note or interest therein to a purchaser selected by the Issuer that is not a Non-Permitted Holder on such terms as the Issuer may choose. The Issuer, or a third party acting on behalf of the Issuer, may select the purchaser by soliciting one or more bids from one or more brokers or other market professionals that regularly deal in securities similar to the Note, and selling such Note to the highest such bidder. However, the Issuer may select a purchaser by any other means determined by it in its sole discretion. The Holder of such Note, the Non-Permitted Holder and each other Person in the chain of title from the Holder to the Non-Permitted Holder, by its acceptance of an interest in the Note, agrees to cooperate with the Issuer and the Note Administrator to effect such transfers. The proceeds of such sale, net of any commissions, expenses and taxes due in connection with such sale shall be remitted to the Non-Permitted Holder. The terms and conditions of any sale under this Section 2.13(b) shall be determined in the sole discretion of the Issuer, and the Issuer shall not be liable to any Person having an interest in the Note sold as a result of any such sale of exercise of such discretion.

Section 2.14 No Gross Up.

The Issuer shall not be obligated to pay any additional amounts to the Holders or beneficial owners of the Notes as a result of any withholding or deduction for, or on account of, any present or future taxes, duties, assessments or governmental charges.

ARTICLE 3

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT; PLEDGED MORTGAGE ASSETS

Section 3.1 General Provisions.

The Notes to be issued on the Closing Date shall be executed by the Issuer and, in the case of the Offered Notes, the Co-Issuer upon compliance with Section 3.2 and shall be delivered to the Authenticating Agent for authentication and thereupon the same shall be authenticated and delivered by the Authenticating Agent upon Issuer Request. The Issuer shall cause the following items to be delivered to the Trustee on or prior to the Closing Date:

(a) an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer (i) evidencing the authorization by Board Resolution of the execution and delivery of this Indenture and the Placement Agency Agreement and related documents, the execution, authentication and delivery of the Notes and specifying the Stated Maturity Date of each Class of Notes, the principal amount of each Class of Notes and the applicable Note Interest Rate of each Class of Notes to be authenticated and delivered, and (ii) certifying that (A) the attached copy of the Board Resolution is a true and complete copy thereof, (B) such resolutions have not been rescinded and are in full force and effect on and as of the Closing Date, (C) the Directors authorized to execute and deliver such documents hold the offices and have the signatures indicated thereon and (D) the total aggregate Notional Amount of the Preferred Shares shall have been received in Cash by the Issuer on the Closing Date;

 

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(b) an Officer’s Certificate of the Co-Issuer (i) unless such authorization is contemplated in the Governing Documents of the Co-Issuer, evidencing the authorization by Board Resolution of the execution and delivery of this Indenture and related documents, the execution, authentication and delivery of the Offered Notes and specifying the Stated Maturity Date of each Class of Offered Notes, the principal amount of each Class of Offered Notes and the applicable Note Interest Rate of each Class of Offered Notes to be authenticated and delivered, and (ii) certifying that (A) if Board Resolutions are attached, the attached copy of the Board Resolutions is a true and complete copy thereof and such resolutions have not been rescinded and are in full force and effect on and as of the Closing Date and (B) each Officer authorized to execute and deliver the documents referenced in clause (b)(i) above holds the office and has the signature indicated thereon;

(c) an opinion of Dechert LLP, special U.S. counsel to the Co-Issuers, the Seller, the Collateral Manager, the Retention Holder and certain of their Affiliates (which opinions may be limited to the laws of the State of New York and the federal law of the United States and may assume, among other things, the correctness of the representations and warranties made or deemed made by the owners of Notes pursuant to Sections 2.5(g), (h) and (i)) dated the Closing Date, as to certain matters of New York law and certain United States federal income tax and securities law matters, in a form satisfactory to the Placement Agents;

(d) opinions of Dechert LLP, special counsel to the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, dated the Closing Date, relating to (i) the validity of the Grant hereunder and the perfection of the Trustee’s security interest in the Collateral and (ii) certain bankruptcy matters, including opinions regarding certain true sale and non-consolidation matters;

(e) an opinion of Vinson & Elkins LLP, special counsel to Sub-REIT, dated the Closing Date, regarding its qualification and taxation as a REIT and the Issuer’s qualification as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

(f) [reserved;]

(g) an opinion of Maples and Calder, Cayman Islands counsel to the Issuer, dated the Closing Date, regarding certain issues of Cayman Islands law;

(h) an opinion of Richards, Layton & Finger, P.A., special Delaware counsel to the Co-Issuer, the Seller, the Collateral Manager, and the Retention Holder, dated the Closing Date, regarding certain issues of Delaware law;

(i) an opinion of Dechert LLP, counsel to TRTX dated the Closing Date, relating to certain U.S. credit risk retention rules;

(j) [reserved];

(k) of (i) in-house counsel of the Servicer and the Special Servicer, dated as of the Closing Date, regarding certain matters of United States law and (ii) Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP, counsel to the Servicer and the Special Servicer;

(l) of (i) in-house counsel of the Note Administrator, dated as of the Closing Date, regarding certain matters of United States law and (ii) Aini & Associates PLLC, counsel to the Note Administrator;

 

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(m) an opinion of Aini & Associates PLLC, counsel to Trustee;

(n) an opinion of counsel to the Issuer regarding certain matters of Minnesota law with respect to the Minnesota Collateral;

(o) an of opinion of (i) in-house counsel to the Operating Advisor, dated as of the Closing Date, regarding certain matters of United States law and (ii) Polsinelli PC, counsel to the Operating Advisor, regarding entity matters and enforceability of agreements to which the Operating Advisor is a party;

(p) an Officer’s Certificate given on behalf of the Issuer and without personal liability, stating that the Issuer is not in Default under this Indenture and that the issuance of the Securities by the Issuer will not result in a breach of any of the terms, conditions or provisions of, or constitute a Default under, the Governing Documents of the Issuer, any indenture or other agreement or instrument to which the Issuer is a party or by which it is bound, or any order of any court or administrative agency entered in any Proceeding to which the Issuer is a party or by which it may be bound or to which it may be subject; that all conditions precedent provided in this Indenture relating to the authentication and delivery of the Notes applied for and all conditions precedent provided in the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement relating to the issuance by the Issuer of the Preferred Shares have been complied with and that all expenses due or accrued with respect to the offering or relating to actions taken on or in connection with the Closing Date have been paid;

(q) an Officer’s Certificate given on behalf of the Co-Issuer stating that the Co-Issuer is not in Default under this Indenture and that the issuance of the Offered Notes by the Co-Issuer will not result in a breach of any of the terms, conditions or provisions of, or constitute a Default under, the Governing Documents of the Co-Issuer, any indenture or other agreement or instrument to which the Co-Issuer is a party or by which it is bound, or any order of any court or administrative agency entered in any Proceeding to which the Co-Issuer is a party or by which it may be bound or to which it may be subject; that all conditions precedent provided in this Indenture relating to the authentication and delivery of the Notes applied for have been complied with and that all expenses due or accrued with respect to the offering or relating to actions taken on or in connection with the Closing Date have been paid;

(r) executed counterparts of the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement, the Servicing Agreement, the Collateral Management Agreement, the Advisory Committee Member Agreement, the Participation Agreements, the Future Funding Agreement, the Placement Agency Agreement, the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, the EU Risk Retention Agreement and the Securities Account Control Agreement;

(s) an Accountants’ Report on applying Agreed-Upon Procedures with respect to certain information concerning the Mortgage Assets in the data tape, dated November 15, 2018, an Accountants’ Report on applying Agreed-Upon Procedures with respect to certain information concerning the Mortgage Assets in the Preliminary Offering Memorandum of the Co-Issuers, dated November 8, 2018, and the Structural and Collateral Term Sheet dated November 8, 2018 and an Accountant’s Report on applying Agreed-Upon Procedures with respect to certain information concerning the Mortgage Assets in the Offering Memorandum;

 

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(t) evidence of preparation for filing at the appropriate filing office in the District of Columbia of a financing statement, on behalf of the Issuer, relating to the perfection of the lien of this Indenture in that Collateral in which a security interest may be perfected by filing under the UCC; and

(u) an Issuer Order executed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer directing the Authenticating Agent to (i) authenticate the Notes specified therein, in the amounts set forth therein and registered in the name(s) set forth therein and (ii) deliver the authenticated Notes as directed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer.

Section 3.2 Security for Notes.

Prior to the issuance of the Notes on the Closing Date, the Issuer shall cause the following conditions to be satisfied:

(a) Grant of Security Interest; Delivery of Mortgage Assets. The Grant pursuant to the Granting Clauses of this Indenture of all of the Issuer’s right, title and interest in and to the Collateral shall be effective and all Closing Date Mortgage Assets acquired in connection therewith purchased by the Issuer on the Closing Date (as set forth in Schedule A hereto) together with the Asset Documents with respect thereto shall have been delivered to, and received by, the Custodian on behalf of the Trustee, without recourse (except as expressly provided in the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement), in the manner provided in Section 3.3(a);

(b) Certificate of the Issuer. A certificate of an Authorized Officer of the Issuer given on behalf of the Issuer and without personal liability, dated as of the Closing Date, delivered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, to the effect that, in the case of each Closing Date Mortgage Asset pledged to the Trustee for inclusion in the Collateral on the Closing Date and immediately prior to the delivery thereof on the Closing Date:

(i) the Issuer is the owner of such Closing Date Mortgage Asset free and clear of any liens, claims or encumbrances of any nature whatsoever except for those which are being released on the Closing Date;

(ii) the Issuer has acquired its ownership in such Closing Date Mortgage Asset in good faith without notice of any adverse claim, except as described in paragraph (i) above;

(iii) the Issuer has not assigned, pledged or otherwise encumbered any interest in such Closing Date Mortgage Asset (or, if any such interest has been assigned, pledged or otherwise encumbered, it has been released) other than interests Granted pursuant to this Indenture;

(iv) the Asset Documents with respect to such Closing Date Mortgage Asset do not prohibit the Issuer from Granting a security interest in and assigning and pledging such Closing Date Mortgage Asset to the Trustee;

(v) the list of the Closing Date Mortgage Assets in Schedule A identifies every Closing Date Mortgage Asset sold to the Issuer on the Closing Date pursuant to the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement and pledged to the Issuer on the Closing Date hereunder;

 

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(vi) the requirements of Section 3.2(a) with respect to such Closing Date Mortgage Assets have been satisfied; and

(vii) (A) the Grant pursuant to the Granting Clauses of this Indenture shall, upon execution and delivery of this Indenture by the parties hereto, result in a valid and continuing security interest in favor of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties in all of the Issuer’s right, title and interest in and to the Closing Date Mortgage Assets pledged to the Trustee for inclusion in the Collateral on the Closing Date; and

(B) upon the delivery of each mortgage note evidencing the obligations of the related borrowers under each Closing Date Mortgage Asset to the Custodian on behalf of the Trustee, at the Custodian’s office in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the Trustee’s security interest in all Closing Date Mortgage Assets shall be a validly perfected, first priority security interest under the UCC as in effect in the State of Minnesota.

(c) Rating Letters. The Issuer and/or Co-Issuer’s receipt of (i) a signed letter from (i) Moody’s confirming that the Class A Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “Aaa(sf)” by Moody’s and (ii) KBRA confirming that (A) the Class A Notes have been issued with a rating of “AAA(sf)” by KBRA, (B) the Class A-S Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “AAA(sf)” by KBRA, (C) the Class B Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “AA-(sf)” by KBRA, (D) the Class C Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “A-(sf)” by KBRA, (E) the Class D Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “BBB-(sf)” by KBRA (F) the Class E Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “BB-(sf)” by KBRA and (G) the Class F Notes have been issued with a rating of at least “B-(sf)” by KBRA.

(d) Accounts. Evidence of the establishment of the Payment Account, the Preferred Share Distribution Account, the Reinvestment Account, the Custodial Account, the Collection Account and the Expense Reserve Account.

(e) Deposit to Expense Reserve Account. On the Closing Date, the Seller shall be entitled to deposit U.S.$150,000 into the Expense Reserve Account from the gross proceeds of the offering of the Securities; provided that any such initial deposit may, at the option of the Collateral Manager, be used to pay expenses of the Issuer on the Closing Date in connection with the offering of the Notes as directed by the Collateral Manager.

(f) [reserved.]

(g) Issuance of Preferred Shares. The Issuer shall have confirmed that the Preferred Shares have been, or contemporaneously with the issuance of the Notes will be, (i) issued by the Issuer and (ii) acquired in their entirety by Retention Holder.

 

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Section 3.3 Transfer of Collateral.

(a) The Note Administrator, as document custodian (in such capacity, the “Custodian”), is hereby appointed as Custodian to hold all of the participation certificates and mortgage notes (if any), which shall be delivered to it by the Issuer on the Closing Date or on the date of the acquisition of any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or Exchange Mortgage Asset or thereafter in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, at its office in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Any successor to the Custodian shall be a U.S. state or national bank or trust company that is not an Affiliate of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer and has capital and surplus of at least U.S.$200,000,000 and whose long-term unsecured debt is rated at least “A2” by Moody’s; provided, that it may maintain a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “Baa1” by Moody’s for so long as it maintains a short-term unsecured debt rating of at least “P-2” by Moody’s and the Servicer maintains a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “A2” by Moody’s, or such other rating with respect to which the Rating Agencies have provided a No Downgrade Confirmation (provided that this proviso shall not impose on the Servicer any obligation to maintain such rating). Subject to the limited right to relocate Collateral set forth in Section 7.5(b), the Custodian shall hold all Asset Documents at its Corporate Trust Office.

(b) All Eligible Investments and other investments purchased in accordance with this Indenture in the respective Accounts in which the funds used to purchase such investments shall be held in accordance with Article 10 and, in respect of each Indenture Account, the Trustee on behalf of the Secured Parties shall have entered into a securities account control agreement with the Issuer, as debtor and the Securities Intermediary, as “securities intermediary” (within the meaning of Section 8-102(a)(14) of the UCC as in effect in the State of New York) and the Trustee, as secured party (the “Securities Account Control Agreement”) providing, inter alia, that the establishment and maintenance of such Indenture Account will be governed by the law of the State of New York. The security interest of the Trustee in Collateral shall be perfected and otherwise evidenced as follows:

(i) in the case of Collateral consisting of Security Entitlements, by the Issuer (A) causing the Securities Intermediary, in accordance with the Securities Account Control Agreement, to indicate by book entry that a Financial Asset has been credited to the Custodial Account and (B) causing the Securities Intermediary to agree pursuant to the Securities Account Control Agreement that it will comply with Entitlement Orders originated by or on behalf of the Trustee with respect to each such Security Entitlement without further consent by the Issuer;

(ii) in the case of Collateral consisting of Instruments or Certificated Securities (the “Minnesota Collateral”), to the extent that any such Minnesota Collateral does not constitute a Financial Asset forming the basis of a Security Entitlement acquired by the Trustee pursuant to clause (i), by the Issuer causing (A) the Custodian, on behalf of the Trustee, to acquire possession of such Minnesota Collateral in the State of Minnesota or (B) another Person (other than the Issuer or a Person controlling, controlled by, or under common control with, the Issuer) (1) to (x) take possession of such Minnesota Collateral in the State of Minnesota and (y) authenticate a record acknowledging that it holds such possession for the benefit of the Trustee or (2) to (x) authenticate a record acknowledging that it will hold possession of such Minnesota Collateral for the benefit of the Trustee and (y) take possession of such Minnesota Collateral in the State of Minnesota;

 

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(iii) in the case of Collateral consisting of General Intangibles and all other Collateral of the Issuer in which a security interest may be perfected by filing a financing statement under Article 9 of the UCC as in effect in the District of Columbia, filing or causing the filing of a UCC financing statement naming the Issuer as debtor and the Trustee as secured party, which financing statement reasonably identifies all such Collateral, with the Recorder of Deeds of the District of Columbia;

(iv) in the case of Collateral, causing the registration of the security interests granted under this Indenture in the register of mortgages and charges of the Issuer maintained at the Issuer’s registered office in the Cayman Islands; and

(v) in the case of Collateral consisting of Cash on deposit in any Servicing Account managed by the Servicer or Special Servicer pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement, to deposit such Cash in a Servicing Account, which Servicing Account is in the name of the Servicer or Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee.

(c) The Issuer hereby authorizes the filing of UCC financing statements describing as the collateral covered thereby “all of the debtor’s personal property and Collateral,” or words to that effect, notwithstanding that such wording may be broader in scope than the Collateral described in this Indenture.

(d) Without limiting the foregoing, the Trustee shall cause the Note Administrator to take such different or additional action as the Trustee may be advised by advice of counsel to the Trustee, Note Administrator or the Issuer (delivered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator) is reasonably required in order to maintain the perfection and priority of the security interest of the Trustee in the event of any change in applicable law or regulation, including Articles 8 and 9 of the UCC and Treasury Regulations governing transfers of interests in Government Items (it being understood that the Note Administrator shall be entitled to rely upon an Opinion of Counsel, including an Opinion of Counsel delivered in accordance with Section 3.1(d), as to the need to file any financing statements or continuation statements, the dates by which such filings are required to be made and the jurisdictions in which such filings are required to be made).

(e) Without limiting any of the foregoing, in connection with each Grant of a Mortgage Asset hereunder, the Issuer shall deliver (or cause to be delivered by the Seller) to the Custodian, in each case to the extent specified on the closing checklist for such Mortgage Asset provided to the Custodian (with a copy to the Servicer) by the Issuer (or the Seller) the following documents (collectively, the “Mortgage Asset File”):

(i) if such Mortgage Asset is a Mortgage Loan:

(1) the promissory note bearing, or accompanied by, all intervening endorsements, endorsed in blank or “Pay to the order of TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., without recourse,” or “Pay to the order of TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., an exempted company organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands (“Assignee”)” or “Pay to the order of TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., for the benefit of the Participation A-1 Holder and the Participation A-2 Holder in accordance with their respective rights under the Participation Agreement and Future Funding Indemnification Agreement (“Assignee”), without recourse, representations or

 

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warranties of any kind, except as otherwise agreed in writing between Assignor and Assignee” or “Pay to the order of TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., for the benefit of the Participation A-1 Holder and the Participation A-2 Holder in accordance with their respective rights under the Participation Agreement (“Assignee”), without recourse, representations or warranties of any kind, except as otherwise agreed in writing between Assignor and Assignee” and signed in the name of the last endorsee by an authorized Person;

(2) the original mortgage (or a copy thereof certified from the applicable recording office) and, if applicable, the originals of all intervening assignments of mortgage (or copies thereof certified from the applicable recording office), in each case, with evidence of recording thereon, showing an unbroken chain of title from the originator thereof to the last endorsee;

(3) the original assignment of leases and rents (or a copy thereof certified from the applicable recording office), if any, and, if applicable, the originals of all intervening assignments of assignment of leases and rents (or copies thereof certified from the applicable recording office), in each case, with evidence of recording thereon, showing an unbroken chain of recordation from the originator thereof to the last endorsee;

(4) [Reserved];

(5) an original blanket assignment of all unrecorded documents (including a complete chain of intervening assignments, if applicable) in favor of the Issuer;

(6) a filed copy of the UCC-1 financing statements with evidence of filing thereon, and UCC-3 assignments showing a complete chain of assignment from the secured party named in such UCC-1 financing statement to the Issuer, with evidence of filing thereon;

(7) originals or copies of all assumption, modification, consolidation or extension agreements, with evidence of recording thereon, together with any other recorded document relating to such Mortgage Asset;

(8) an original or a copy (which may be in electronic form) mortgagee policy of title insurance or a conformed version of the mortgagee’s title insurance commitment either marked as binding for insurance or attached to an escrow closing letter, countersigned by the title company or its authorized agent if the original mortgagee’s title insurance policy has not yet been issued;

(9) [Reserved];

(10) the original of any security agreement, chattel mortgage or equivalent document, if any;

 

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(11) the original or copy of any related loan agreement as well as any related letter of credit, lockbox agreement, cash management agreement and construction contract;

(12) the original or copy of any related guarantee;

(13) the original or copy of any related environmental indemnity agreement;

(14) copies of any property management agreements;

(15) a copy of a survey of the related Mortgaged Property, together with the surveyor’s certificate thereon;

(16) a copy of any power of attorney relating to such Mortgage Loan;

(17) with respect to any Mortgage Asset secured in whole or in part by a ground lease, copies of any ground leases;

(18) a copy of any related environmental insurance policy and environmental report with respect to the related Mortgaged Properties;

(19) with respect to any Mortgage Loan with related mezzanine or other subordinate debt, a copy of any related co-lender agreement, intercreditor agreement, subordination agreement or other similar agreement;

(20) with respect to any Mortgage Loan secured by a hospitality property, a copy of any related franchise agreement, an original or copy of any comfort letter related thereto, and if, pursuant to the terms of such comfort letter, the general assignment of the Mortgage Loan is not sufficient to transfer or assign the benefits of such comfort letter to the Issuer, a copy of the notice by the Seller to the franchisor of the transfer of such Mortgage Loan and/or a copy of the request for the issuance of a new comfort letter in favor of the Issuer (in each case, as and to the extent required pursuant to the terms of such comfort letter);

(21) the following additional documents, (a) allonge, endorsed in blank; (b) assignment of mortgage, in blank, in form and substance acceptable for recording; (c) if applicable, assignment of leases and rents, in blank, in form and substance acceptable for recording; and (d) assignment of unrecorded documents, in blank, in form and substance acceptable for recording.

(ii) if such Mortgage Asset is a Participation:

(1) (a) with respect to any CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset, each of the documents specified in clause (i) above (other than the documents specified in (i)(21)) with respect to such Participated Mortgage Loan and (b) with respect to any Non-CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset, unless the Custodian is also the Participation Custodian, a copy of each of the documents specified in clause (i) above (other than the documents specified in (i)(21)) with respect to such Participated Mortgage Loan (provided that, if the Custodian ceases to also be the Participation Custodian, the Custodian shall retain copies of such document as Custodian hereunder);

 

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(2) an original participation certificate evidencing such Participation in the name of the Issuer;

(3) an assignment of the participation certificate evidencing such Participation from the Issuer to blank;

(4) a copy of the participation certificate evidencing each related Companion Participation;

(5) a copy of the related Participation Agreement; and

(6) if applicable, a copy of the related Participation Custodial Agreement and a copy of the certification delivered by the Participation Custodian thereunder.

With respect to any documents which have been delivered or are being delivered to recording offices for recording and have not been returned to the Issuer (or the Seller) in time to permit their delivery hereunder at the time required, the Issuer (or the Seller) shall deliver such original or certified recorded documents to the Custodian promptly when received by the Issuer (or the Seller) from the applicable recording office.

(f) The execution and delivery of this Indenture by the Note Administrator shall constitute certification that (i) each original note and/or participation certificate required to be delivered to the Custodian on behalf of the Trustee by the Issuer (or the Seller) and all allonges thereto or assignments thereof, if any, have been received by the Custodian; and (ii) such original note or participation certificate has been reviewed by the Custodian and (A) appears regular on its face (handwritten additions, changes or corrections shall not constitute irregularities if initialed by the borrower), (B) appears to have been executed and (C) purports to relate to the related Mortgage Asset. The Custodian agrees to review or cause to be reviewed the Mortgage Asset Files within sixty (60) days after the Closing Date, and to deliver to the Issuer, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Collateral Manager and the Trustee a certification in the form of Exhibit D attached hereto, indicating, subject to any exceptions found by it in such review (and any related exception report and any subsequent reports thereto shall be delivered to the other parties hereto, the Servicer and the Operating Advisor in electronic format, which shall be Excel compatible), (A) those documents referred to in Section 3.3(e) that have been received, and (B) that such documents have been executed, appear on their face to be what they purport to be, purport to be recorded or filed (as applicable) and have not been torn, mutilated or otherwise defaced, and appear on their faces to relate to the Mortgage Asset. The Custodian shall have no responsibility for reviewing the Mortgage Asset File except as expressly set forth in this Section 3.3(f). None of the Trustee, the Note Administrator, and the Custodian shall be under any duty or obligation to inspect, review, or examine any such documents, instruments or certificates to independently determine that they are valid, genuine, enforceable, legally sufficient, duly authorized, or appropriate for the represented purpose, whether the text of any assignment or endorsement is in proper or recordable form (except

 

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to determine if the endorsement conforms to the requirements of Section 3.3(e)), whether any document has been recorded in accordance with the requirements of any applicable jurisdiction, to independently determine that any document has actually been filed or recorded in the appropriate office, that any document is other than what it purports to be on its face, or whether the title insurance policies relate to the Mortgaged Property.

(g) No later than the 90th day after the Closing Date, the Custodian shall deliver to the Issuer, with a copy to the Note Administrator, the Trustee, the Operating Advisor, the Collateral Manager and the Servicer a final exception report (which report and any updates or modifications thereto shall be delivered in electronic format, including Excel-compatible format) as to any remaining documents that are required to be, but are not in the Mortgage Asset File and, by delivering such exception report, shall be deemed to have requested that the Issuer cause any such document deficiency to be cured.

(h) Without limiting the generality of the foregoing:

(i) from time to time upon the request of the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, Servicer or Special Servicer, the Issuer shall deliver (or cause to be delivered) to the Custodian any Asset Document in the possession of the Issuer and not previously delivered hereunder (including originals of Asset Documents not previously required to be delivered as originals) and as to which the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, shall have reasonably determined, or shall have been advised, to be necessary or appropriate for the administration of such Mortgage Loan hereunder or under the Servicing Agreement or for the protection of the security interest of the Trustee under this Indenture;

(ii) upon request of the Collateral Manager or the Issuer, the Custodian shall deliver to the Collateral Manager or the Issuer, as applicable, an updated report in the form of Schedule B to Exhibit D as to all documents in its possession; and

(iii) from time to time upon request of the Servicer or the Special Servicer, the Custodian shall, upon delivery by the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, of a Request for Release in the form of Exhibit E hereto (a “Release Request”), release to the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, such of the Asset Documents then in its custody as the Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, reasonably so requests. By submission of any such Release Request, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall be deemed to have represented and warranted that it has determined in accordance with the Servicing Standard set forth in the Servicing Agreement that the requested release is necessary for the administration of such Mortgage Loan hereunder or under the Servicing Agreement or for the protection of the security interest of the Trustee under this Indenture. The Servicer or the Special Servicer shall return to the Custodian each Asset Document released from custody pursuant to this clause (iii) within twenty (20) Business Days of receipt thereof (except such Asset Documents as are released in connection with a sale, exchange or other disposition, in each case only as permitted under this Indenture, of the related Mortgage Asset that is consummated within such twenty (20)-day period). Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this clause (iii), any note, participation certificate or other instrument evidencing a Pledged Mortgage Asset shall be released only

 

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for the purpose of (1) a sale, exchange or other disposition of such Pledged Mortgage Asset that is permitted in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, (2) presentation, collection, renewal or registration of transfer of such Mortgage Asset or (3) in the case of any note, in connection with a payment in full of all amounts owing under such note.

(i) As of the Closing Date (with respect to the Collateral owned or existing as of the Closing Date) and each date on which any Collateral is acquired (only with respect to each Collateral so acquired or arising after the Closing Date), the Issuer represents and warrants as follows:

(i) this Indenture creates a valid and continuing security interest (as defined in the UCC) in the Collateral in favor of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties, which security interest is prior to all other liens, and is enforceable as such against creditors of and purchasers from the Issuer;

(ii) the Issuer owns and has good and marketable title to such Collateral free and clear of any lien, claim or encumbrance of any Person;

(iii) in the case of each Collateral, the Issuer has acquired its ownership in such Collateral in good faith without notice of any adverse claim as defined in Section 8-102(a)(1) of the UCC as in effect on the date hereof;

(iv) other than the security interest granted to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties pursuant to this Indenture, the Issuer has not pledged, assigned, sold, granted a security interest in, or otherwise conveyed any of the Collateral;

(v) the Issuer has not authorized the filing of, and is not aware of, any financing statements against the Issuer that include a description of collateral covering the Collateral other than any financing statement (x) relating to the security interest granted to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties hereunder or (y) that has been terminated; the Issuer is not aware of any judgment lien, Pension Benefit Guarantee Corporation lien or tax lien filings against the Issuer;

(vi) the Issuer has received all consents and approvals required by the terms of each Collateral and the Transaction Documents to grant to the Trustee its interest and rights in such Collateral hereunder;

(vii) the Issuer has caused or will have caused, within ten days, the filing of all appropriate financing statements in the proper filing office in the appropriate jurisdictions under applicable law in order to perfect the security interest in the Collateral granted to the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties hereunder;

(viii) all of the Collateral constitutes one or more of the following categories: an Instrument, a General Intangible, a Certificated Security or an uncertificated security, or a Financial Asset in which a Security Entitlement has been created and that has been or will have been credited to a Securities Account and proceeds of all the foregoing;

 

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(ix) the Securities Intermediary has agreed to treat all Collateral credited to the Custodial Account as a Financial Asset;

(x) the Issuer has delivered a fully executed Securities Account Control Agreement pursuant to which the Securities Intermediary has agreed to comply with all instructions originated by the Trustee relating to the Indenture Accounts without further consent of the Issuer; none of the Indenture Accounts is in the name of any Person other than the Issuer, the Note Administrator or the Trustee; the Issuer has not consented to the Securities Intermediary to comply with any Entitlement Orders in respect of the Indenture Accounts and any Security Entitlement credited to any of the Indenture Accounts originated by any Person other than the Trustee or the Note Administrator on behalf of the Trustee;

(xi) (A) all original executed copies of each promissory note, participation certificate or other writings that constitute or evidence any pledged obligation that constitutes an Instrument have been delivered to the Custodian for the benefit of the Trustee and (B) none of the promissory notes, participation certificates or other writings that constitute or evidence such collateral has any marks or notations indicating that they have been pledged, assigned or otherwise conveyed by the Issuer to any Person other than the Trustee;

(xii) each of the Indenture Accounts constitutes a Securities Account in respect of which the Securities Intermediary has accepted to be Securities Intermediary pursuant to the Securities Account Control Agreement on behalf of the Trustee as secured party under this Indenture.

(j) The Note Administrator shall cause all Eligible Investments delivered to the Note Administrator on behalf of the Issuer (upon receipt by the Note Administrator thereof) to be promptly credited to the applicable Account.

Section 3.4 Credit Risk Retention.

None of the Trustee, the Note Administrator or the Custodian shall be obligated to monitor, supervise or enforce compliance with the requirements set forth in Regulation RR.

ARTICLE 4

SATISFACTION AND DISCHARGE

Section 4.1 Satisfaction and Discharge of Indenture.

This Indenture shall be discharged and shall cease to be of further effect except as to (i) rights of registration of transfer and exchange, (ii) substitution of mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen Notes, (iii) rights of Noteholders to receive payments of principal thereof and interest thereon, (iv) the rights, protections, indemnities and immunities of the Note Administrator (in each of its capacities) and the Trustee and the specific obligations set forth below hereunder, (v) the rights, obligations and immunities of the Collateral Manager hereunder, under

 

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the Collateral Management Agreement and under the Servicing Agreement, and (vi) the rights of Noteholders as beneficiaries hereof with respect to the property deposited with the Custodian or Securities Intermediary (on behalf of the Trustee) and payable to all or any of them (and the Trustee, on demand of and at the expense of the Issuer, shall execute proper instruments acknowledging satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture) when:

(a) (i) either:

(1) all Notes theretofore authenticated and delivered to Noteholders (other than (A) Notes which have been mutilated, defaced, destroyed, lost or stolen and which have been replaced or paid as provided in Section 2.6 and (B) Notes for which payment has theretofore irrevocably been deposited in trust and thereafter repaid to the Issuer or discharged from such trust, as provided in Section 7.3) have been delivered to the Note Registrar for cancellation; or

(2) all Notes not theretofore delivered to the Note Registrar for cancellation (A) have become due and payable, or (B) shall become due and payable at their Stated Maturity Date within one year, or (C) are to be called for redemption pursuant to Article 9 under an arrangement satisfactory to the Note Administrator for the giving of notice of redemption by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer pursuant to Section 9.3 and either (x) the Issuer has irrevocably deposited or caused to be deposited with the Note Administrator, Cash or non-callable direct obligations of the United States of America; which obligations are entitled to the full faith and credit of the United States of America or are debt obligations which are rated “Aaa” by Moody’s in an amount sufficient, as recalculated by a firm of Independent nationally-recognized certified public accountants, to pay and discharge the entire indebtedness (including, in the case of a redemption pursuant to Section 9.1, the Redemption Price) on such Notes not theretofore delivered to the Note Administrator for cancellation, for principal and interest to the date of such deposit (in the case of Notes which have become due and payable), or to the respective Stated Maturity Date or the respective Redemption Date, as the case may be or (y) in the event all of the Collateral is liquidated following the satisfaction of the conditions specified in Article 5, the Issuer shall have deposited or caused to be deposited with the Note Administrator, all proceeds of such liquidation of the Collateral, for payment in accordance with the Priority of Payments;

(ii) the Issuer and the Co-Issuer have paid or caused to be paid all other sums then due and payable hereunder (including any amounts then due and payable pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement and the Servicing Agreement) by the Issuer and Co-Issuer and no other amounts are scheduled to be due and payable by the Issuer other than Dissolution Expenses; and

(iii) the Co-Issuers have delivered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator Officer’s certificates and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that all conditions precedent herein provided for relating to the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture have been complied with;

 

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provided, however, that in the case of clause (a)(i)(2)(x) above, the Issuer has delivered to the Trustee and Note Administrator an opinion of Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or an opinion of another tax counsel of nationally recognized standing in the United States experienced in such matters to the effect that the Noteholders would recognize no income gain or loss for U.S. federal income tax purposes as a result of such deposit and satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture; or

(b) (i) each of the Co-Issuers has delivered to the Trustee and Note Administrator a certificate stating that (1) there is no Collateral (other than (x) the Collateral Management Agreement, the Servicing Agreement and the Servicing Accounts related thereto and the Securities Account Control Agreement and the Indenture Accounts related thereto and (y) Cash in an amount not greater than the Dissolution Expenses) that remain subject to the lien of this Indenture, and (2) all funds on deposit in or to the credit of the Accounts have been distributed in accordance with the terms of this Indenture or have otherwise been irrevocably deposited with the Servicer under the Servicing Agreement for such purpose; and

(ii) the Co-Issuers have delivered to the Note Administrator and the Trustee Officer’s certificates and an Opinion of Counsel, each stating that all conditions precedent herein provided for relating to the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture have been complied with.

Notwithstanding the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture, the rights and obligations of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, and, if applicable, the Noteholders, as the case may be, under Sections 2.7, 4.2, 5.4(d), 5.9, 5.18, 6.7, 7.3 and 14.12 hereof shall survive.

Section 4.2 Application of Amounts Held in Trust.

All amounts deposited with the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 4.1 shall be held in trust and applied by it in accordance with the provisions of the Notes and this Indenture (including, without limitation, the Priority of Payments) to the payment of the principal and interest, either directly or through any Paying Agent, as the Note Administrator may determine, and such amounts shall be held in a segregated account identified as being held in trust for the benefit of the Secured Parties.

Section 4.3 Repayment of Amounts Held by Paying Agent.

In connection with the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture with respect to the Notes, all amounts then held by any Paying Agent, upon demand of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, shall be remitted to the Note Administrator to be held and applied pursuant to Section 7.3 hereof and, in the case of amounts payable on the Notes, in accordance with the Priority of Payments and thereupon such Paying Agent shall be released from all further liability with respect to such amounts.

 

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Section 4.4 Limitation on Obligation to Incur Company Administrative Expenses.

If at any time after an Event of Default has occurred and the Notes have been declared immediately due and payable, the sum of (i) Eligible Investments, (ii) Cash and (iii) amounts reasonably expected to be received by the Issuer with respect to the Mortgage Assets in Cash during the current Due Period (as certified by the Collateral Manager in its reasonable judgement) is less than the sum of Dissolution Expenses and any accrued and unpaid Company Administrative Expenses, then notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture, the Issuer shall no longer be required to incur Company Administrative Expenses as otherwise required by this Indenture to any Person, other than with respect to fees and indemnities of, and other payments, charges and expenses incurred in connection with opinions, reports or services to be provided to or for the benefit of, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, or any of their respective Affiliates. Any failure to pay such amounts or provide or obtain such opinions, reports or services no longer required hereunder shall not constitute a Default hereunder.

ARTICLE 5

REMEDIES

Section 5.1 Events of Default.

Event of Default,” wherever used herein, means any one of the following events (whatever the reason for such Event of Default and whether it shall be voluntary or involuntary or be effected by operation of law or pursuant to any judgment, decree or order of any court or any order, rule or regulation of any administrative or governmental body):

(a) a default in the payment of any interest on any of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes or the Class B Notes (or, if none of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes are outstanding, any Note of the most senior Class outstanding) when the same becomes due and payable and the continuation of any such default for three Business Days after a Trust Officer of the Note Administrator has actual knowledge or receives notice from any holder of Notes of such payment default; provided that in the case of a failure to disburse funds due to an administrative error or omission by the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator, the Trustee or any paying agent, such failure continues for five Business Days after a trust officer of the Note Administrator receives written notice or has actual knowledge of such administrative error or omission; or

(b) a default in the payment of principal (or the related Redemption Price, if applicable) of any Class of Notes when the same becomes due and payable at its Stated Maturity Date or any Redemption Date; provided, in each case, that in the case of a failure to disburse funds due to an administrative error or omission by the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator, the Trustee or any paying agent, such failure continues for five (5) Business Days after a trust officer of the Note Administrator receives written notice or has actual knowledge of such administrative error or omission;

 

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(c) the failure on any Payment Date to disburse amounts available in the Payment Account in accordance with the Priority of Payments set forth under Section 11.1(a) (other than (i) a default in payment described in clause (a) or (b) above and (ii) unless the Holders of the Preferred Shares object, a failure to disburse any amounts to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for distribution to the Holders of the Preferred Shares), which failure continues for a period of three (3) Business Days or, in the case of a failure to disburse such amounts due to an administrative error or omission by the Note Administrator, Trustee or Paying Agent, which failure continues for five (5) Business Days;

(d) any of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the pool of Collateral becomes an investment company required to be registered under the 1940 Act;

(e) a default in the performance, or breach, of any other covenant or other agreement of the Issuer or Co-Issuer (other than the covenant to make the payments described in clauses (a), (b) or (c) above or to satisfy the Note Protection Tests) or any representation or warranty of the Issuer or Co-Issuer hereunder or in any certificate or other writing delivered pursuant hereto or in connection therewith proves to be incorrect in any material respect when made, and the continuation of such default or breach for a period of 30 days (or, if such default, breach or failure has an adverse effect on the validity, perfection or priority of the security interest granted hereunder, 15 days) after either the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the Collateral Manager has actual knowledge thereof or after notice thereof to the Issuer and the Co-Issuer by the Trustee or to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager and the Trustee by the Holders of at least 25%, by the Aggregate Outstanding Amount, of the Controlling Class;

(f) the entry of a decree or order by a court having competent jurisdiction adjudging the Issuer or the Co-Issuer as bankrupt or insolvent, or approving as properly filed a petition seeking reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition of or in respect of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer under the Bankruptcy Code, or any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar law enacted under the laws of the Cayman Islands or any other applicable law, or appointing a receiver, liquidator, assignee, or sequestrator (or other similar official) of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or of any substantial part of its property, respectively, or ordering the winding up or liquidation of its affairs, and the continuance of any such decree or order unstayed and in effect for a period of 60 consecutive days;

(g) the institution by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer of proceedings to be adjudicated as bankrupt or insolvent, or the consent by it to the institution of bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings against it, or the filing by it of a petition or answer or consent seeking reorganization or relief under the Bankruptcy Code, or any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar law enacted under the laws of the Cayman Islands or any other similar applicable law, or the consent by it to the filing of any such petition or to the appointment of a receiver, liquidator, assignee, trustee or sequestrator (or other similar official) of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or of any substantial part of its property, respectively, or the making by it of an assignment for the benefit of creditors, or the admission by it in writing of its inability to pay its debts generally as they become due, or the taking of any action by the Issuer in furtherance of any such action;

 

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(h) one or more final judgments being rendered against the Issuer or the Co-Issuer which exceed, in the aggregate, U.S.$1,000,000 and which remain unstayed, undischarged and unsatisfied for 30 days after such judgment(s) becomes nonappealable, unless adequate funds have been reserved or set aside for the payment thereof, and unless (except as otherwise specified in writing by the Rating Agencies) a No Downgrade Confirmation has been received from the Rating Agencies; or

(i) the Issuer loses its status as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of Sub-REIT or any other entity treated as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, unless (A) within 90 days, the Issuer either (1) delivers an opinion of tax counsel of nationally recognized standing in the United States experienced in such matters to the effect that, notwithstanding the Issuer’s loss of Qualified REIT Subsidiary or disregarded entity status for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Issuer is not, and has not been, an association (or publicly traded partnership or taxable mortgage pool) taxable as a corporation, or is not, and has not been, otherwise subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis and the Noteholders are not otherwise materially adversely affected by the loss of Qualified REIT Subsidiary or disregarded entity status for U.S. federal income tax purposes or (2) receives an amount from the Preferred Shareholders sufficient to discharge in full the amounts then due and unpaid on the Notes and amounts and expenses described in clauses (1) through (18) under Section 11.1(a)(i) in accordance with the Priority of Payments or (B) all Classes of the Notes are subject to a Tax Redemption announced by the Issuer in compliance with this Indenture, and such redemption has not been rescinded.

Upon becoming aware of the occurrence of an Event of Default, the Issuer, shall promptly notify (or shall procure the prompt notification of) the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Preferred Share Paying Agent and the Preferred Shareholders in writing. If the Collateral Manager or Note Administrator has actual knowledge of the occurrence of an Event of Default, the Collateral Manager or Note Administrator shall promptly notify, in writing, the Trustee, the Noteholders and the Rating Agencies of the occurrence of such Event of Default.

Section 5.2 Acceleration of Maturity; Rescission and Annulment.

(a) If an Event of Default shall occur and be continuing (other than the Events of Default specified in Section 5.1(f) or 5.1(g)), the Trustee may (and shall at the direction of a Majority, by outstanding principal amount, of each Class of Notes voting as a separate Class (excluding any Notes owned by the Issuer, the Seller, the Collateral Manager or any of their respective Affiliates)), declare the principal of and accrued and unpaid interest on all the Notes to be immediately due and payable (and any such acceleration shall automatically terminate the Reinvestment Period). Upon any such declaration such principal, together with all accrued and unpaid interest thereon, and other amounts payable thereunder in accordance with the Priority of Payments will become immediately due and payable. If an Event of Default described in Section 5.1(f) or 5.1(g) above occurs, such an acceleration shall occur automatically and without any further action and any such acceleration shall automatically terminate the Reinvestment Period. If the Notes are accelerated, payments shall be made in the order and priority set forth in Section 11.1(a) hereof.

 

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(b) At any time after such a declaration of acceleration of Maturity of the Notes has been made, and before a judgment or decree for payment of the amounts due has been obtained by the Trustee as hereinafter provided in this Article 5, a Majority of each Class of Notes (voting as a separate Class), other than with respect to an Event of Default specified in Section 5.1(d), 5.1(f), 5.1(g), or 5.1(i), by written notice to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer and the Trustee, may rescind and annul such declaration and its consequences if:

(i) the Issuer or the Co-Issuer has paid or deposited with the Note Administrator a sum sufficient to pay:

(A) all unpaid installments of interest on and principal of the Notes that would be due and payable hereunder if the Event of Default giving rise to such acceleration had not occurred;

(B) all unpaid taxes of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, Company Administrative Expenses and other sums paid or advanced by or otherwise due and payable to the Note Administrator or to the Trustee hereunder;

(C) with respect to the Advancing Agent and the Backup Advancing Agent, any amount due and payable for unreimbursed Interest Advances and Reimbursement Interest; and

(D) with respect to the Collateral Management Agreement, any Collateral Manager Fee then due and any Company Administrative Expense due and payable to the Collateral Manager thereunder;

(ii) the Trustee has received notice that all Events of Default, other than the non-payment of the interest on and principal of the Notes that have become due solely by such acceleration, have been cured and a Majority of the Controlling Class, by written notice to the Trustee, has agreed with such notice (which agreement shall not be unreasonably withheld or delayed) or waived as provided in Section 5.14.

At any such time that the Trustee, subject to Section 5.2(b), shall rescind and annul such declaration and its consequences as permitted hereinabove, the Collateral shall be preserved in accordance with the provisions of Section 5.5 with respect to the Event of Default that gave rise to such declaration; provided, however, that if such preservation of the Collateral is rescinded pursuant to Section 5.5, the Notes may be accelerated pursuant to the first paragraph of this Section 5.2, notwithstanding any previous rescission and annulment of a declaration of acceleration pursuant to this paragraph.

No such rescission shall affect any subsequent Default or impair any right consequent thereon.

(c) Subject to Sections 5.4 and 5.5, a Majority of the Controlling Class shall have the right to direct the Trustee in the conduct of any Proceedings for any remedy available to the Trustee or in the sale of any or all of the Collateral; provided that (i) such direction will not conflict with any rule of law or this Indenture; (ii) the Trustee may take any other action not inconsistent with such direction; (iii) the Trustee has received security or indemnity satisfactory to it; and (iv) any direction to undertake a sale of the Collateral may be made only as described in Section 5.17. The Trustee shall be entitled to refuse to take any action absent such direction.

 

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(d) As security for the payment by the Issuer of the compensation and expenses of the Trustee, the Note Administrator, and any sums the Trustee or Note Administrator shall be entitled to receive as indemnification by the Issuer, the Issuer hereby grants the Trustee a lien on the Collateral, which lien is senior to the lien of the Noteholders. The Trustee’s lien shall be subject to the Priority of Payments and exercisable by the Trustee only if the Notes have been declared due and payable following an Event of Default and such acceleration has not been rescinded or annulled.

(e) A Majority of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of each Class of Notes may, prior to the time a judgment or decree for the payment of amounts due has been obtained by the Trustee, waive any past Default on behalf of the holders of all the Notes and its consequences in accordance with Section 5.14.

Section 5.3 Collection of Indebtedness and Suits for Enforcement by Trustee.

(a) The Issuer covenants that if a Default shall occur in respect of the payment of any interest and principal on any Class of Notes (but only after any amounts payable pursuant to Section 11.1(a) having a higher priority have been paid in full), the Issuer and Co-Issuer shall, upon demand of the Trustee or any affected Noteholder, pay to the Note Administrator on behalf of the Trustee, for the benefit of the Holder of such Note, the whole amount, if any, then due and payable on such Note for principal and interest or other payment with interest on the overdue principal and, to the extent that payments of such interest shall be legally enforceable, upon overdue installments of interest, at the applicable interest rate and, in addition thereto, such further amount as shall be sufficient to cover the costs and expenses of collection, including the reasonable compensation, expenses, disbursements and advances of the Note Administrator, the Trustee and such Noteholder and their respective agents and counsel.

If the Issuer or the Co-Issuer fails to pay such amounts forthwith upon such demand, the Trustee, as Trustee of an express trust, and at the expense of the Issuer, may institute a Proceeding for the collection of the sums so due and unpaid, and may prosecute such Proceeding to judgment or final decree, and may enforce the same against the Issuer and the Co-Issuer or any other obligor upon the Notes and collect the amounts adjudged or decreed to be payable in the manner provided by law out of the Collateral.

If an Event of Default occurs and is continuing, the Trustee shall proceed to protect and enforce its rights and the rights of the Noteholders by such Proceedings (x) as directed by a Majority of the Controlling Class or (y) in the absence of direction by a Majority of the Controlling Class, as determined by the Trustee acting in good faith; provided, that (a) such direction must not conflict with any rule of law or with any express provision of this Indenture, (b) the Trustee may take any other action deemed proper by the Trustee that is not inconsistent with such direction, (c) the Trustee has been provided with security or indemnity satisfactory to it, and (d) notwithstanding the foregoing, any direction to the Trustee to undertake a sale of Collateral may be given only in accordance with the preceding paragraph, in connection with any sale and liquidation of all or a portion of the Collateral, the preceding sentence, and, in all cases, the applicable provisions of this Indenture. Such Proceedings shall be used for the specific enforcement of any covenant or agreement in this Indenture or in aid of the exercise of any power granted herein, or to enforce any other proper remedy or legal or equitable right vested in the Trustee by this Indenture or by law. Any direction to the Trustee to undertake a sale of Collateral shall be forwarded to the Special Servicer, and the Special Servicer shall conduct any such sale in accordance with the terms of the Servicing Agreement.

 

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In the case where (x) there shall be pending Proceedings relative to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer under the Bankruptcy Code, any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization or similar law enacted under the laws of the Cayman Islands, or any other applicable bankruptcy, insolvency or other similar law, (y) a receiver, assignee or trustee in bankruptcy or reorganization, liquidator, sequestrator or similar official shall have been appointed for or taken possession of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, or their respective property, or (z) there shall be any other comparable Proceedings relative to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, or the creditors or property of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, regardless of whether the principal of any Notes shall then be due and payable as therein expressed or by declaration, or otherwise and regardless of whether the Trustee shall have made any demand pursuant to the provisions of this Section 5.3, the Trustee shall be entitled and empowered, by intervention in such Proceedings or otherwise:

(i) to file and prove a claim or claims for the whole amount of principal and interest owing and unpaid in respect of the Notes and to file such other papers or documents as may be necessary or advisable in order to have the claims of the Trustee (including any claim for reasonable compensation to the Trustee and each predecessor Trustee, and their respective agents, attorneys and counsel, and for reimbursement of all expenses and liabilities incurred, and all advances made, by the Trustee and each predecessor Trustee, except as a result of negligence or bad faith) and of the Noteholders allowed in any Proceedings relative to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or other obligor upon the Notes or to the creditors or property of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or such other obligor;

(ii) unless prohibited by applicable law and regulations, to vote on behalf of the Noteholders in any election of a trustee or a standby trustee in arrangement, reorganization, liquidation or other bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings or of a Person performing similar functions in comparable Proceedings; and

(iii) to collect and receive (or cause the Note Administrator to collect and receive) any amounts or other property payable to or deliverable on any such claims, and to distribute (or cause the Note Administrator to distribute) all amounts received with respect to the claims of the Noteholders and of the Trustee on their behalf; the Secured Parties, and any trustee, receiver or liquidator, custodian or other similar official is hereby authorized by each of the Noteholders to make payments to the Trustee (or the Note Administrator on its behalf), and, in the event that the Trustee shall consent to the making of payments directly to the Noteholders, to pay to the Trustee and the Note Administrator such amounts as shall be sufficient to cover reasonable compensation to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, each predecessor trustee and note administrator, and their respective agents, attorneys and counsel, and all other reasonable expenses and liabilities incurred, and all advances made, by the Backup Advancing Agent and each predecessor backup advancing agent.

 

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Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to authorize the Trustee to authorize, consent to, vote for, accept or adopt, on behalf of any Noteholder, any plan of reorganization, arrangement, adjustment or composition affecting the Notes or the rights of any Holder thereof, or to authorize the Trustee to vote in respect of the claim of any Noteholder in any such Proceeding except, as aforesaid, to vote for the election of a trustee in bankruptcy or similar Person.

All rights of action and of asserting claims under this Indenture, or under any of the Notes, may be enforced by the Trustee without the possession of any of the Notes or the production thereof in any trial or other Proceedings relative thereto, and any action or Proceedings instituted by the Trustee shall be brought in its own name as trustee of an express trust, and any recovery of judgment, shall be applied as set forth in Section 5.7.

Notwithstanding anything in this Section 5.3 to the contrary, the Trustee may not sell or liquidate the Collateral or institute Proceedings in furtherance thereof pursuant to this Section 5.3 unless the conditions specified in Section 5.5(a) are met and any sale of Collateral contemplated to be conducted by the Trustee under this Indenture shall be effected by the Special Servicer pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement, and the Trustee shall have no liability or responsibility for or in connection with any such sale.

Section 5.4 Remedies.

(a) If an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, and the Notes have been declared due and payable and such declaration and its consequences have not been rescinded and annulled, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer agree that the Trustee, or, with respect to any sale of any Mortgage Assets, the Special Servicer, may, after notice to the Note Administrator and the Noteholders, and shall, upon direction by a Majority of the Controlling Class, to the extent permitted by applicable law, exercise one or more of the following rights, privileges and remedies:

(i) institute Proceedings for the collection of all amounts then payable on the Notes or otherwise payable under this Indenture (whether by declaration or otherwise), enforce any judgment obtained and collect from the Collateral any amounts adjudged due;

(ii) sell all or a portion of the Collateral or rights of interest therein, at one or more public or private sales called and conducted in any manner permitted by law and in accordance with Section 5.17 hereof (provided that any such sale shall be conducted by the Special Servicer pursuant to the Servicing Agreement);

(iii) institute Proceedings from time to time for the complete or partial foreclosure of this Indenture with respect to the Collateral;

(iv) exercise any remedies of a secured party under the UCC and take any other appropriate action to protect and enforce the rights and remedies of the Secured Parties hereunder; and

(v) exercise any other rights and remedies that may be available at law or in equity;

 

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provided, however, that no sale or liquidation of the Collateral or institution of Proceedings in furtherance thereof pursuant to this Section 5.4 may be effected unless either of the conditions specified in Section 5.5(a) are met.

The Issuer shall, at the Issuer’s expense, upon request of the Trustee or the Special Servicer, obtain and rely upon an opinion of an Independent investment banking firm as to the feasibility of any action proposed to be taken in accordance with this Section 5.4 and as to the sufficiency of the proceeds and other amounts expected to be received with respect to the Collateral to make the required payments of principal of and interest on the Notes and other amounts payable hereunder, which opinion shall be conclusive evidence as to such feasibility or sufficiency.

(b) If an Event of Default as described in Section 5.1(e) hereof shall have occurred and be continuing, the Trustee may, and at the request of the Holders of not less than 25% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Controlling Class shall, institute a Proceeding solely to compel performance of the covenant or agreement or to cure the representation or warranty, the breach of which gave rise to the Event of Default under such Section, and enforce any equitable decree or order arising from such Proceeding.

(c) Upon any Sale, whether made under the power of sale hereby given or by virtue of judicial proceedings, any Noteholder, Preferred Shareholder, the Collateral Manager or the Servicer or any of its Affiliates may bid for and purchase the Collateral or any part thereof and, upon compliance with the terms of Sale, may hold, retain, possess or dispose of such property in its or their own absolute right without accountability; and any purchaser at any such Sale may, in paying the purchase money, turn in any of the Notes in lieu of Cash equal to the amount which shall, upon distribution of the net proceeds of such sale, be payable on the Notes so turned in by such Holder (taking into account the Class of such Notes). Such Notes, in case the amounts so payable thereon shall be less than the amount due thereon, shall either be returned to the Holders thereof after proper notation has been made thereon to show partial payment or a new note shall be delivered to the Holders reflecting the reduced interest thereon.

Upon any Sale, whether made under the power of sale hereby given or by virtue of judicial proceedings, the receipt of the Note Administrator or of the Officer making a sale under judicial proceedings shall be a sufficient discharge to the purchaser or purchasers at any sale for its or their purchase money and such purchaser or purchasers shall not be obliged to see to the application thereof.

Any such Sale, whether under any power of sale hereby given or by virtue of judicial proceedings, shall (x) bind the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Noteholders and the Preferred Shareholders, shall operate to divest all right, title and interest whatsoever, either at law or in equity, of each of them in and to the property sold and (y) be a perpetual bar, both at law and in equity, against each of them and their successors and assigns, and against any and all Persons claiming through or under them.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture or any other Transaction Document, none of the Advancing Agent, the Trustee, the Note Administrator or any other Secured Party, any other party to any Transaction Document, the Holder of the Notes and the holders of the equity in the Issuer and the Co-Issuer or third party beneficiary of this Indenture

 

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may, prior to the date which is one year and one day, or, if longer, the applicable preference period then in effect (including any period established pursuant to the laws of the Cayman Islands) after the payment in full of all Notes, institute against, or join any other Person in instituting against, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any Issuer Permitted Subsidiary, any bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, insolvency, moratorium or liquidation proceedings, or other proceedings under federal or State bankruptcy or similar laws of any jurisdiction. Nothing in this Section 5.4 shall preclude, or be deemed to stop, the Advancing Agent, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, or any other Secured Party or any other party to any Transaction Document (i) from taking any action prior to the expiration of the aforementioned one year and one day period, or, if longer, the applicable preference period then in effect (including any period established pursuant to the laws of the Cayman Islands) period in (A) any case or proceeding voluntarily filed or commenced by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or (B) any involuntary insolvency proceeding filed or commenced by a Person other than the Trustee, the Note Administrator or any other Secured Party or any other party to any Transaction Document, or (ii) from commencing against the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or any of their respective properties any legal action which is not a bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, insolvency, moratorium or liquidation proceeding.

Section 5.5 Preservation of Collateral.

(a) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, if an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing when any of the Notes are Outstanding, the Trustee and the Note Administrator, as applicable, shall (except as otherwise expressly permitted or required under this Indenture) retain the Collateral securing the Notes, collect and cause the collection of the proceeds thereof and make and apply all payments and deposits and maintain all accounts in respect of the Collateral and the Notes in accordance with the Priority of Payments and the provisions of Articles 10, 12 and 13 and shall not sell or liquidate the Collateral, unless either:

(i) the Note Administrator, pursuant to Section 5.5(c), determines that the anticipated proceeds of a sale or liquidation of the Collateral (after deducting the reasonable expenses of such sale or liquidation) would be sufficient to discharge in full the amounts then due and unpaid on the Notes, Company Administrative Expenses due and payable pursuant to the Priority of Payments, the Collateral Manager Fees due and payable pursuant to the Priority of Payments and amounts due and payable to the Advancing Agent and Backup Advancing Agent in respect of unreimbursed Interest Advances and Reimbursement Interest, for principal and interest (including accrued and unpaid Deferred Interest), and, upon receipt of information from Persons to whom fees are expenses are payable, all other amounts payable prior to payment of principal of the Notes due and payable pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) and the holders of a Majority of the Controlling Class agrees with such determination; or

(ii) a Supermajority of each Class of Notes (voting as a separate Class) directs the sale and liquidation of all or a portion of the Collateral.

In the event of a sale of a portion of the Collateral pursuant to clause (ii) above, the Special Servicer shall sell those items of Collateral identified by the requisite Noteholders and all proceeds of such sale shall be remitted to the Note Administrator for distribution in the order set forth in Section 11.1(a). The Note Administrator shall give written notice of the

 

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retention of the Collateral by the Custodian to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Rating Agencies. So long as such Event of Default is continuing, any such retention pursuant to this Section 5.5(a) may be rescinded at any time when the conditions specified in clause (i) or (ii) above exist.

(b) Nothing contained in Section 5.5(a) shall be construed to require a sale of the Collateral securing the Notes if the conditions set forth in this Section 5.5(a) are not satisfied. Nothing contained in Section 5.5(a) shall be construed to require the Trustee to preserve the Collateral securing the Notes if prohibited by applicable law.

(c) In determining whether the condition specified in Section 5.5(a)(i) exists, the Collateral Manager shall obtain bid prices with respect to each Mortgage Asset from two dealers that, at that time, engage in the trading, origination or securitization of whole loans or pari passu participations similar to the Mortgage Assets (or, if only one such dealer can be engaged, then the Collateral Manager shall obtain a bid price from such dealer or, if no such dealer can be engaged, from a pricing service). The Collateral Manager shall compute the anticipated proceeds of sale or liquidation on the basis of the lowest of such bid prices for each such Mortgage Asset and provide the Trustee and the Note Administrator with the results thereof. For the purposes of determining issues relating to the market value of any Mortgage Asset and the execution of a sale or other liquidation thereof, the Collateral Manager may, but need not, retain at the expense of the Issuer and rely on an opinion of an Independent investment banking firm of national reputation or other appropriate advisors (the cost of which shall be payable as a Company Administrative Expense) in connection with a determination as to whether the condition specified in Section 5.5(a)(i) exists.

The Note Administrator shall promptly deliver to the Noteholders and the Servicer, and the Note Administrator shall post to the Note Administrator’s Website, a report stating the results of any determination required to be made pursuant to Section 5.5(a)(i).

Section 5.6 Trustee May Enforce Claims Without Possession of Notes.

All rights of action and claims under this Indenture or under any of the Notes may be prosecuted and enforced by the Trustee without the possession of any of the Notes or the production thereof in any trial or other Proceeding relating thereto, and any such action or Proceeding instituted by the Trustee shall be brought in its own name as trustee of an express trust. Any recovery of judgment in respect of the Notes shall be applied as set forth in Section 5.7 hereof.

In any Proceedings brought by the Trustee (and in any Proceedings involving the interpretation of any provision of this Indenture to which the Trustee shall be a party) in respect of the Notes, the Trustee shall be deemed to represent all the Holders of the Notes.

Section 5.7 Application of Amounts Collected.

Any amounts collected by the Note Administrator with respect to the Notes pursuant to this Article 5 and any amounts that may then be held or thereafter received by the Note Administrator with respect to the Notes hereunder shall be applied subject to Section 13.1 hereof and in accordance with the Priority of Payments set forth in Section 11.1(a)(iii) hereof, at the date or dates fixed by the Note Administrator.

 

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Section 5.8 Limitation on Suits.

No Holder of any Notes shall have any right to institute any Proceedings (the right of a Noteholder to institute any proceeding with respect to this Indenture or the Notes is subject to any non-petition covenants set forth in this Indenture or the Notes), judicial or otherwise, with respect to this Indenture or the Notes, or for the appointment of a receiver or trustee, or for any other remedy hereunder, unless:

(a) such Holder has previously given to the Trustee written notice of an Event of Default;

(b) except as otherwise provided in Section 5.9 hereof, the Holders of at least 25% of the then Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Controlling Class shall have made written request to the Trustee to institute Proceedings in respect of such Event of Default in its own name as Trustee hereunder and such Holders have offered to the Trustee indemnity reasonably satisfactory to it against the costs, expenses and liabilities to be incurred in compliance with such request;

(c) the Trustee for 30 days after its receipt of such notice, request and offer of indemnity has failed to institute any such Proceeding; and

(d) no direction inconsistent with such written request has been given to the Trustee during such 30-day period by a Majority of the Controlling Class; it being understood and intended that no one or more Holders of Notes shall have any right in any manner whatsoever by virtue of, or by availing of, any provision of this Indenture or the Notes to affect, disturb or prejudice the rights of any other Holders of Notes of the same Class or to obtain or to seek to obtain priority or preference over any other Holders of the Notes of the same Class or to enforce any right under this Indenture or the Notes, except in the manner herein or therein provided and for the equal and ratable benefit of all the Holders of Notes of the same Class subject to and in accordance with Section 13.1 hereof and the Priority of Payments.

In the event the Trustee shall receive conflicting or inconsistent requests and indemnity from two or more groups of Holders of the Controlling Class, each representing less than a Majority of the Controlling Class, the Trustee shall not be required to take any action until it shall have received the direction of a Majority of the Controlling Class.

Section 5.9 Unconditional Rights of Noteholders to Receive Principal and Interest.

Notwithstanding any other provision in this Indenture (except for Section 2.7(d) and 2.7(m)), the Holder of any Note shall have the right, which is absolute and unconditional, to receive payment of the principal of and interest on such Note as such principal, interest and other amounts become due and payable in accordance with the Priority of Payments and Section 13.1, and, subject to the provisions of Sections 5.4 and 5.8 to institute Proceedings for the enforcement of any such payment, and such right shall not be impaired without the consent of such Holder; provided, however, that the right of such Holder to institute proceedings for the enforcement of any such payment shall not be subject to the 25% threshold requirement set forth in Section 5.8(b).

 

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Section 5.10 Restoration of Rights and Remedies.

If the Trustee or any Noteholder has instituted any Proceeding to enforce any right or remedy under this Indenture and such Proceeding has been discontinued or abandoned for any reason, or has been determined adversely to the Trustee or to such Noteholder, then (and in every such case) the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, and the Noteholder shall, subject to any determination in such Proceeding, be restored severally and respectively to their former positions hereunder, and thereafter all rights and remedies of the Trustee and the Noteholders shall continue as though no such Proceeding had been instituted.

Section 5.11 Rights and Remedies Cumulative.

No right or remedy herein conferred upon or reserved to the Trustee, the Note Administrator or to the Noteholders is intended to be exclusive of any other right or remedy, and every right and remedy shall, to the extent permitted by law, be cumulative and in addition to every other right and remedy given hereunder or now or hereafter existing at law or in equity or otherwise. The assertion or employment of any right or remedy hereunder, or otherwise, shall not prevent the concurrent assertion or employment of any other appropriate right or remedy.

Section 5.12 Delay or Omission Not Waiver.

No delay or omission of the Trustee or of any Noteholder to exercise any right or remedy accruing upon any Event of Default shall impair any such right or remedy or constitute a waiver of any such Event of Default or an acquiescence therein or a waiver of a subsequent Event of Default. Every right and remedy given by this Article 5 or by law to the Trustee, or to the Noteholders may be exercised from time to time, and as often as may be deemed expedient, by the Trustee, or by the Noteholders, as the case may be.

Section 5.13 Control by the Controlling Class.

Subject to Sections 5.2(a) and (b), but notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture, if an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing when any of the Notes are Outstanding, a Majority of the Controlling Class shall have the right to cause the institution of, and direct the time, method and place of conducting, any Proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee and for exercising any trust, right, remedy or power conferred on the Trustee in respect of the Notes; provided that:

(a) such direction shall not conflict with any rule of law or with this Indenture;

(b) the Trustee may take any other action deemed proper by the Trustee that is not inconsistent with such direction; provided, however, that, subject to Section 6.1, the Trustee need not take any action that it determines might involve it in liability (unless the Trustee has received indemnity satisfactory to it against such liability as set forth below);

(c) the Trustee shall have been provided with indemnity satisfactory to it; and

 

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(d) notwithstanding the foregoing, any direction to the Trustee to undertake a Sale of the Collateral shall be performed by the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee, and must satisfy the requirements of Section 5.5.

Section 5.14 Waiver of Past Defaults.

Prior to the time a judgment or decree for payment of the amounts due has been obtained by the Trustee, as provided in this Article 5, a Majority of each and every Class of Notes (voting as a separate Class) may, on behalf of the Holders of all the Notes, waive any past Default in respect of the Notes and its consequences, except a Default:

(a) in the payment of principal of any Note;

(b) in the payment of interest in respect of the Controlling Class;

(c) in respect of a covenant or provision hereof that, under Section 8.2, cannot be modified or amended without the waiver or consent of the Holder of each Outstanding Note adversely affected thereby; or

(d) in respect of any right, covenant or provision hereof for the individual protection or benefit of the Trustee or the Note Administrator, without the Trustee’s or the Note Administrator’s express written consent thereto, as applicable.

In the case of any such waiver, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee, and the Holders of the Notes shall be restored to their respective former positions and rights hereunder, but no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or impair any right consequent thereto.

Upon any such waiver, such Default shall cease to exist, and any Event of Default arising therefrom shall be deemed to have been cured, for every purpose of this Indenture, but no such waiver shall extend to any subsequent or other Default or impair any right consequent thereto. Any such waiver shall be effectuated upon receipt by the Trustee and the Note Administrator of a written waiver by such Majority of each Class of Notes.

Section 5.15 Undertaking for Costs.

All parties to this Indenture agree, and each Holder of any Note by its acceptance thereof shall be deemed to have agreed, that any court may in its discretion require, in any suit for the enforcement of any right or remedy under this Indenture, or in any suit against the Trustee for any action taken or omitted by it as Trustee, the filing by any party litigant in such suit of an undertaking to pay the costs of such suit, and that such court may in its discretion assess reasonable costs, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, against any party litigant in such suit, having due regard to the merits and good faith of the claims or defenses made by such party litigant; but the provisions of this Section 5.15 shall not apply to any suit instituted by (x) the Trustee, (y) any Noteholder, or group of Noteholders, holding in the aggregate more than 10% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Controlling Class or (z) any Noteholder for the enforcement of the payment of the principal of or interest on any Note or any other amount payable hereunder on or after the Stated Maturity Date (or, in the case of redemption, on or after the applicable Redemption Date).

 

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Section 5.16 Waiver of Stay or Extension Laws.

Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer covenants (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) that it will not at any time insist upon, plead or in any manner whatsoever claim or take the benefit or advantage of, any stay or extension law wherever enacted, now or at any time hereafter in force (including but not limited to filing a voluntary petition under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code and by the voluntary commencement of a proceeding or the filing of a petition seeking winding up, liquidation, reorganization or other relief under any bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium, receivership, conservatorship or other similar laws now or hereafter in effect), which may affect the covenants, the performance of or any remedies under this Indenture; and each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer (to the extent that it may lawfully do so) hereby expressly waives all benefit or advantage of any such law, and covenants that it will not hinder, delay or impede the execution of any power herein granted to the Trustee, but will suffer and permit the execution of every such power as though no such law had been enacted.

Section 5.17 Sale of Collateral.

(a) The power to effect any sale (a “Sale”) of any portion of the Collateral pursuant to Sections 5.4 and 5.5 hereof shall not be exhausted by any one or more Sales as to any portion of such Collateral remaining unsold, but shall continue unimpaired until all amounts secured by the Collateral shall have been paid or if there are insufficient proceeds to pay such amount until the entire Collateral shall have been sold. The Special Servicer may, upon notice to the Securityholders, and shall, upon direction of a Majority of the Controlling Class, from time to time postpone any Sale by public announcement made at the time and place of such Sale; provided, however, that if the Sale is rescheduled for a date more than three Business Days after the date of the determination by the Special Servicer pursuant to Section 5.5(a)(i) hereof, such Sale shall not occur unless and until the Special Servicer has again made the determination required by Section 5.5(a)(i) hereof. The Trustee hereby expressly waives its rights to any amount fixed by law as compensation for any Sale; provided that the Special Servicer shall be authorized to deduct the reasonable costs, charges and expenses incurred by it, or by the Trustee or the Note Administrator in connection with such Sale from the proceeds thereof notwithstanding the provisions of Section 6.7 hereof.

(b) The Notes need not be produced in order to complete any such Sale, or in order for the net proceeds of such Sale to be credited against amounts owing on the Notes.

(c) The Trustee shall execute and deliver an appropriate instrument of conveyance transferring its interest in any portion of the Collateral in connection with a Sale thereof, which, in the case of any Mortgage Assets, shall be upon request and delivery of any such instruments by the Special Servicer. In addition, the Special Servicer, with respect to Mortgage Assets, and the Trustee, with respect to any other Collateral, is hereby irrevocably appointed the agent and attorney in fact of the Issuer to transfer and convey its interest in any portion of the Collateral in connection with a Sale thereof, and to take all action necessary to effect such Sale. No purchaser or transferee at such a Sale shall be bound to ascertain the Trustee’s or Special Servicer’s authority, to inquire into the satisfaction of any conditions precedent or to see to the application of any amounts.

 

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(d) In the event of any Sale of the Collateral pursuant to Section 5.4 or Section 5.5, payments shall be made in the order and priority set forth in Section 11.1(a) in the same manner as if the Notes had been accelerated.

(e) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, any sale by the Trustee of any portion of the Collateral shall be executed by the Special Servicer on behalf of the Issuer, and the Trustee shall have no responsibility or liability therefor.

Section 5.18 Action on the Notes.

The Trustee’s right to seek and recover judgment on the Notes or under this Indenture shall not be affected by the application for or obtaining of any other relief under or with respect to this Indenture. Neither the lien of this Indenture nor any rights or remedies of the Trustee or the Noteholders shall be impaired by the recovery of any judgment by the Trustee against the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or by the levy of any execution under such judgment upon any portion of the Collateral or upon any of the Collateral of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer.

ARTICLE 6

THE TRUSTEE AND NOTE ADMINISTRATOR

Section 6.1 Certain Duties and Responsibilities.

(a) Except during the continuance of an Event of Default:

(i) each of the Trustee and the Note Administrator undertakes to perform such duties and only such duties as are set forth in this Indenture, and no implied covenants or obligations shall be read into this Indenture against the Trustee or the Note Administrator; and any permissive right of the Trustee or the Note Administrator contained herein shall not be construed as a duty; and

(ii) in the absence of manifest error, or bad faith on its part, each of the Note Administrator and the Trustee may conclusively rely, as to the truth of the statements and the correctness of the opinions expressed therein, upon certificates or opinions furnished to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, as the case may be, and conforming to the requirements of this Indenture; provided, however, that in the case of any such certificates or opinions which by any provision hereof are specifically required to be furnished to the Trustee or the Note Administrator, the Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be under a duty to examine the same to determine whether or not they substantially conform to the requirements of this Indenture and shall promptly notify the party delivering the same if such certificate or opinion does not conform. If a corrected form shall not have been delivered to the Trustee or the Note Administrator within 15 days after such notice from the Trustee or the Note Administrator, the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, shall notify the party providing such instrument and requesting the correction thereof.

 

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(b) In case an Event of Default actually known to a Trust Officer of the Trustee has occurred and is continuing, the Trustee shall, prior to the receipt of directions, if any, from a Majority of the Controlling Class (or other Noteholders to the extent provided in Article 5 hereof), exercise such of the rights and powers vested in it by this Indenture, and use the same degree of care and skill in its exercise as a prudent Person would exercise or use under the circumstances in the conduct of such Person’s own affairs.

(c) If, in performing its duties under this Indenture, the Trustee or the Note Administrator is required to decide between alternative courses of action, the Trustee and the Note Administrator may request written instructions from the Collateral Manager as to courses of action desired by it. If the Trustee and the Note Administrator does not receive such instructions within two (2) Business Days after it has requested them, it may, but shall be under no duty to, take or refrain from taking such action. The Trustee and the Note Administrator shall act in accordance with instructions received after such two (2) Business Day period except to the extent it has already taken, or committed itself to take, action inconsistent with such instructions. The Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to request and rely on the advice of legal counsel and Independent accountants in performing its duties hereunder and be deemed to have acted in good faith and shall not be subject to any liability if it acts in accordance with such advice.

(d) No provision of this Indenture shall be construed to relieve the Trustee or the Note Administrator from liability for its own negligent action, its own negligent failure to act, or its own willful misconduct, except that neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable:

(i) for any error of judgment made in good faith by a Trust Officer, unless it shall be proven that it was negligent in ascertaining the pertinent facts; or

(ii) with respect to any action taken or omitted to be taken by it in good faith in accordance with the direction of the Issuer, the Collateral Manager, and/or a Majority of the Controlling Class relating to the time, method and place of conducting any Proceeding for any remedy available to the Trustee or the Note Administrator in respect of any Note or exercising any trust or power conferred upon the Trustee or the Note Administrator under this Indenture.

(e) No provision of this Indenture shall require the Trustee or the Note Administrator to expend or risk its own funds or otherwise incur any financial liability in the performance of any of its duties hereunder, or in the exercise of any of its rights or powers contemplated hereunder, if it shall have reasonable grounds for believing that repayment of such funds or adequate indemnity against such risk or liability is not reasonably assured to it unless such risk or liability relates to its ordinary services under this Indenture, except where this Indenture provides otherwise.

(f) Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable to the Noteholders for any action taken or omitted by it at the direction of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Controlling Class, the Trustee (in the case of the Note Administrator), the Note Administrator (in the case of the Trustee) and/or a Noteholder under circumstances in which such direction is required or permitted by the terms of this Indenture.

 

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(g) For all purposes under this Indenture, neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be deemed to have notice or knowledge of any Event of Default, unless a Trust Officer of either the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, has actual knowledge thereof or unless written notice of any event which is in fact such an Event of Default or Default is received by the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable at the respective Corporate Trust Office, and such notice references the Notes and this Indenture. For purposes of determining the Trustee’s and Note Administrator’s responsibility and liability hereunder, whenever reference is made in this Indenture to such an Event of Default or a Default, such reference shall be construed to refer only to such an Event of Default or Default of which the Trustee or Note Administrator, as applicable, is deemed to have notice as described in this Section 6.1.

(h) The Trustee and the Note Administrator shall, upon reasonable prior written notice, permit the Issuer, the Collateral Manager and their designees, during its normal business hours, to review all books of account, records, reports and other papers of the Trustee relating to the Notes and to make copies and extracts therefrom (the reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in making any such copies or extracts to be reimbursed to the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, by such Person).

Section 6.2 Notice of Default.

Promptly (and in no event later than three Business Days) after the occurrence of any Default actually known to a Trust Officer of the Trustee or after any declaration of acceleration has been made or delivered to the Trustee pursuant to Section 5.2, the Trustee shall transmit by mail to the 17g-5 Information Provider and to the Note Administrator (who shall post such notice the Note Administrator’s Website) and the Note Administrator shall deliver to the Collateral Manager, all Holders of Notes as their names and addresses appear on the Notes Register, and to Preferred Share Paying Agent, notice of such Default, unless such Default shall have been cured or waived.

Section 6.3 Certain Rights of Trustee and Note Administrator.

Except as otherwise provided in Section 6.1:

(a) the Trustee and the Note Administrator may rely and shall be protected in acting or refraining from acting upon any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, note or other paper or document believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper party or parties;

(b) any request or direction of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer mentioned herein shall be sufficiently evidenced by an Issuer Request or Issuer Order, as the case may be;

(c) whenever in the administration of this Indenture the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall deem it desirable that a matter be proved or established prior to taking, suffering or omitting any action hereunder, the Trustee and the Note Administrator (unless other evidence be herein specifically prescribed) may, in the absence of bad faith on its part, rely upon an Officer’s Certificate;

 

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(d) as a condition to the taking or omitting of any action by it hereunder, the Trustee and the Note Administrator may consult with counsel and the advice of such counsel or any Opinion of Counsel (including with respect to any matters, other than factual matters, in connection with the execution by the Trustee or the Note Administrator of a supplemental indenture pursuant to Section 8.3) shall be full and complete authorization and protection in respect of any action taken or omitted by it hereunder in good faith and in reliance thereon;

(e) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be under any obligation to exercise or to honor any of the rights or powers vested in it by this Indenture at the request or direction of any of the Noteholders pursuant to this Indenture, or to make any investigation of matters arising hereunder or to institute, conduct or defend any litigation hereunder or in relation hereto at the request, order or direction of any of the Noteholders unless such Noteholders shall have offered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, as applicable indemnity acceptable to it against the costs, expenses and liabilities which might reasonably be incurred by it in compliance with such request or direction;

(f) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be bound to make any investigation into the facts or matters stated in any resolution, certificate, statement, instrument, opinion, report, notice, request, direction, consent, order, note or other paper documents and shall be entitled to rely conclusively thereon;

(g) each of the Trustee and the Note Administrator may execute any of the trusts or powers hereunder or perform any duties hereunder either directly or by or through agents or attorneys, and upon any such appointment of an agent or attorney, such agent or attorney shall be conferred with all the same rights, indemnities, and immunities as the Trustee or Note Administrator, as applicable;

(h) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable for any action it takes or omits to take in good faith that it reasonably and prudently believes to be authorized or within its rights or powers hereunder;

(i) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be responsible for the accuracy of the books or records of, or for any acts or omissions of, the Depository, any Transfer Agent (other than the Note Administrator itself acting in that capacity), Clearstream, Luxembourg, Euroclear, any Calculation Agent (other than the Note Administrator itself acting in that capacity) or any Paying Agent (other than the Note Administrator itself acting in that capacity);

(j) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable for the actions or omissions of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Trustee (in the case of the Note Administrator), the Note Administrator (in the case of the Trustee), the Operating Advisor; and without limiting the foregoing, neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be under any obligation to verify compliance by any party hereto with the terms of this Indenture (other than itself) to verify or independently determine the accuracy of information received by it from the Servicer or Special Servicer (or from any selling institution, agent bank, trustee or similar source) with respect to the Mortgage Loans;

 

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(k) to the extent any defined term hereunder, or any calculation required to be made or determined by the Trustee or Note Administrator hereunder, is dependent upon or defined by reference to generally accepted accounting principles in the United States in effect from time to time (“GAAP”), the Trustee and Note Administrator shall be entitled to request and receive (and rely upon) instruction from the Issuer or the accountants appointed pursuant to Section 10.12 as to the application of GAAP in such connection, in any instance;

(l) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall have any responsibility to the Issuer or the Secured Parties hereunder to make any inquiry or investigation as to, and shall have no obligation in respect of, the terms of any engagement of Independent accountants by the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on its behalf);

(m) the Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to all of the same rights, protections, immunities and indemnities afforded to it as Trustee or as Note Administrator, as applicable, in each capacity for which it serves hereunder and under the Future Funding Agreement, the Future Funding Account Control Agreement and the Securities Account Control Agreement (including, without limitation, as Secured Party, Paying Agent, Authenticating Agent, Calculation Agent, Transfer Agent, Custodian, Securities Intermediary, Backup Advancing Agent and Notes Registrar);

(n) in determining any affiliations of Noteholders with any party hereto or otherwise, each of the Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to request and conclusively rely on a certification provided by a Noteholder;

(o) except in the case of actual fraud (as determined by a non-appealable final court order), in no event shall the Trustee or Note Administrator be liable for special, punitive, indirect or consequential loss or damage of any kind whatsoever (including but not limited to lost profits), even if the Trustee or Note Administrator has been advised of the likelihood of such loss or damage and regardless of the form of action;

(p) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be required to give any bond or surety in respect of the execution of the trusts created hereby or the powers granted hereunder;

(q) neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be responsible for any delay or failure in performance resulting from acts beyond its control (such acts include but are not limited to acts of God, strikes, lockouts, riots and acts of war); provided that such delay or failure is not also a result of its own negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct;

(r) except as otherwise expressly set forth in this Indenture, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, acting in any particular capacity hereunder or under the Servicing Agreement will not be deemed to be imputed with knowledge of (i) Wells Fargo Bank, National Association acting in a capacity that is unrelated to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, or (ii) Wells Fargo Bank, National Association acting in any other capacity hereunder, except, in the case of either clause (i) or clause (ii), where some or all of the obligations performed in such capacities are performed by one or more employees within the same group or division of Wells Fargo Bank, National Association or where the groups or divisions responsible for performing the obligations in such capacities have one or more of the same Authorized Officers; and

 

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(s) nothing herein shall require the Note Administrator or the Trustee to act in any manner that is contrary to applicable law.

Section 6.4 Not Responsible for Recitals or Issuance of Notes.

The recitals contained herein and in the Notes, other than the Certificate of Authentication thereon, shall be taken as the statements of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, and neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator assumes any responsibility for their correctness. Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator makes any representation as to the validity or sufficiency of this Indenture, the Collateral or the Notes. Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be accountable for the use or application by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer of the Notes or the proceeds thereof or any amounts paid to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer pursuant to the provisions hereof.

Section 6.5 May Hold Notes.

The Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Paying Agent, the Notes Registrar or any other agent of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, in its individual or any other capacity, may become the owner or pledgee of Notes and may otherwise deal with the Issuer and the Co-Issuer with the same rights it would have if it were not Trustee, Note Administrator, Paying Agent, Notes Registrar or such other agent.

Section 6.6 Amounts Held in Trust.

Amounts held by the Note Administrator hereunder shall be held in trust to the extent required herein. The Note Administrator shall be under no liability for interest on any amounts received by it hereunder except to the extent of income or other gain on investments received by the Note Administrator on Eligible Investments.

Section 6.7 Compensation and Reimbursement.

(a) The Issuer agrees:

(i) to pay the Trustee and Note Administrator on each Payment Date in accordance with the Priority of Payments reasonable compensation for all services rendered by it hereunder (which compensation shall not be limited by any provision of law in regard to the compensation of a trustee or note administrator of an express trust);

(ii) except as otherwise expressly provided herein, to reimburse the Trustee and Note Administrator in a timely manner upon its request for all reasonable expenses, disbursements and advances incurred or made by the Trustee or Note Administrator in connection with its performance of its obligations under, or otherwise in accordance with any provision of this Indenture;

 

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(iii) to indemnify the Trustee or Note Administrator and its Officers, directors, employees and agents for, and to hold them harmless against, any loss, liability or expense incurred without negligence, willful misconduct or bad faith on their part, arising out of or in connection with the acceptance or administration of this trust, including the costs and expenses of defending themselves against any claim or liability in connection with the exercise or performance of any of their powers or duties hereunder or under the Servicing Agreement or the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, including any costs and expenses incurred in connection with the enforcement of this indemnity; and

(iv) to pay the Trustee and Note Administrator reasonable additional compensation together with its expenses (including reasonable counsel fees) for any collection action taken pursuant to Section 6.13 hereof.

(b) The Issuer may remit payment for such fees and expenses to the Trustee and Note Administrator or, in the absence thereof, the Note Administrator may from time to time deduct payment of its and the Trustee’s fees and expenses hereunder from amounts on deposit in the Payment Account in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

(c) The Note Administrator, in its capacity as Note Administrator, Paying Agent, Calculation Agent, Transfer Agent, Custodian, Securities Intermediary, Backup Advancing Agent and Notes Registrar, hereby agrees not to cause the filing of a petition in bankruptcy against the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any Permitted Subsidiary until at least one year and one day (or, if longer, the applicable preference period then in effect) after the payment in full of all Notes issued under this Indenture. This provision shall survive termination of this Indenture.

(d) The Trustee and Note Administrator agree that the payment of all amounts to which it is entitled pursuant to Sections 6.7(a)(i), (a)(ii), (a)(iii) and (a)(iv) shall be subject to the Priority of Payments, shall be payable only to the extent funds are available in accordance with such Priority of Payments, shall be payable solely from the Collateral and following realization of the Collateral, any such claims of the Trustee or Note Administrator against the Issuer, and all obligations of the Issuer, shall be extinguished. The Trustee and Note Administrator will have a lien upon the Collateral to secure the payment of such payments to it in accordance with the Priority of Payments; provided that the Trustee and Note Administrator shall not institute any proceeding for enforcement of such lien except in connection with an action taken pursuant to Section 5.3 hereof for enforcement of the lien of this Indenture for the benefit of the Noteholders.

The Trustee and Note Administrator shall receive amounts pursuant to this Section 6.7 and Section 11.1(a) only to the extent that such payment is made in accordance with the Priority of Payments and the failure to pay such amounts to the Trustee and Note Administrator will not, by itself, constitute an Event of Default. Subject to Section 6.9, the Trustee and Note Administrator shall continue to serve under this Indenture notwithstanding the fact that the Trustee and Note Administrator shall not have received amounts due to it hereunder; provided that the Trustee and Note Administrator shall not be required to expend any funds or incur any expenses unless reimbursement therefor is reasonably assured to it. No direction by a Majority of the Controlling Class shall affect the right of the Trustee and Note Administrator to collect amounts owed to it under this Indenture.

 

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If on any Payment Date, an amount payable to the Trustee and Note Administrator pursuant to this Indenture is not paid because there are insufficient funds available for the payment thereof, all or any portion of such amount not so paid shall be deferred and payable on any later Payment Date on which sufficient funds are available therefor in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

Section 6.8 Corporate Trustee Required; Eligibility.

There shall at all times be a Trustee and a Note Administrator hereunder which shall be a corporation organized and doing business under the laws of the United States of America or of any State thereof, authorized under such laws to exercise corporate trust powers, having a combined capital and surplus of at least U.S.$200,000,000, subject to supervision or examination by federal or State authority, having a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “A2” by Moody’s and a rating by KBRA equivalent to at least a “A2” rating by Moody’s; provided, that with respect to the Trustee, it may maintain a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “Baa1” by Moody’s and a rating by KBRA equivalent to at least a “Baa1” rating by Moody’s and a short-term unsecured debt rating of at least “P-2” by Moody’s and a rating by KBRA equivalent to at least a “P-2” rating by Moody’s so long as the Servicer maintains a long-term unsecured debt rating of at least “A2” by Moody’s and a rating by KBRA equivalent to at least a “A2” rating by Moody’s (the Servicer shall have no obligation to maintain such rating), or such other rating with respect to which the Rating Agencies have provided a No Downgrade Confirmation (provided that this proviso shall not impose on the Servicer any obligation to maintain such rating), and having an office within the United States. If such corporation publishes reports of condition at least annually, pursuant to law or to the requirements of the aforesaid supervising or examining authority, then for the purposes of this Section 6.8, the combined capital and surplus of such corporation shall be deemed to be its combined capital and surplus as set forth in its most recent report of condition so published. If at any time the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall cease to be eligible in accordance with the provisions of this Section 6.8, the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, shall resign immediately in the manner and with the effect hereinafter specified in this Article 6.

Section 6.9 Resignation and Removal; Appointment of Successor.

(a) No resignation or removal of the Note Administrator or the Trustee and no appointment of a successor Note Administrator or Trustee, as applicable, pursuant to this Article 6 shall become effective until the acceptance of appointment by such successor Note Administrator or Trustee under Section 6.10.

(b) Each of the Trustee and the Note Administrator may resign at any time by giving written notice thereof to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Noteholders, the Note Administrator (in the case of the Trustee), the Trustee (in the case of the Note Administrator), and the Rating Agencies. Upon receiving such notice of resignation, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly appoint a successor trustee or trustees, or a successor Note Administrator, as the case may be, by written instrument, in duplicate, executed by an Authorized Officer of the Issuer and an Authorized Officer of the Co-Issuer, one copy of which shall be delivered to the Note Administrator or the Trustee so resigning and one copy to the successor Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, Trustee or Trustees, together with a copy to each Noteholder, the Servicer, the parties hereto and the Rating Agencies; provided that such successor Note Administrator and Trustee shall be appointed only

 

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upon the written consent of a Majority of the Notes (or if there are no Notes Outstanding, a Majority of Preferred Shareholders) or, at any time when an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing or when a successor Note Administrator and Trustee has been appointed pursuant to Section 6.10, by Act of a Majority of the Controlling Class. If no successor Note Administrator and Trustee shall have been appointed and an instrument of acceptance by a successor Trustee or Note Administrator shall not have been delivered to the Trustee or the Note Administrator within 30 days after the giving of such notice of resignation, the resigning Trustee or Note Administrator, as the case may be, the Controlling Class of Notes or any Holder of a Note, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, may petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the appointment of a successor Trustee or a successor Note Administrator, as the case may be, at the expense of the Issuer. No resignation or removal of the Note Administrator or the Trustee and no appointment of a successor Note Administrator or Trustee will become effective until the acceptance of appointment by the successor Note Administrator or Trustee, as applicable.

(c) The Note Administrator and Trustee may be removed at any time upon at least 30 days’ written notice by Act of a Supermajority of the Notes (or if there are no Notes Outstanding, a Majority of Preferred Shareholders) or when a successor Trustee has been appointed pursuant to Section 6.10, by Act of a Majority of the Controlling Class, in each case, upon written notice delivered to the parties hereto.

(d) If at any time:

(i) the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall cease to be eligible under Section 6.8 and shall fail to resign after written request therefor by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, or by any Holder; or

(ii) the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall become incapable of acting or there shall be instituted any proceeding pursuant to which it could be adjudged as bankrupt or insolvent or a receiver or liquidator of the Trustee or the Note Administrator or of its respective property shall be appointed or any public officer shall take charge or control of the Trustee or the Note Administrator or of its respective property or affairs for the purpose of rehabilitation, conservation or liquidation;

then, in any such case (subject to Section 6.9(a)), (a) the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, by Issuer Order, may remove the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, or (b) subject to Section 5.15, a Majority of the Controlling Class or any Holder may, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the removal of the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as the case may be, and the appointment of a successor thereto.

(e) If the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall resign, be removed or become incapable of acting, or if a vacancy shall occur in the office of the Trustee or the Note Administrator for any reason, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, by Issuer Order, subject to the written consent of the Collateral Manager, shall promptly appoint a successor Trustee or Note Administrator, as applicable, and the successor Trustee or Note Administrator so appointed shall, forthwith upon its acceptance of such appointment, become the successor Trustee or the successor Note Administrator, as the case may be. If the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall fail to appoint a successor Trustee or Note Administrator within 30 days after such resignation, removal or incapability or

 

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the occurrence of such vacancy, a successor Trustee or Note Administrator may be appointed by Act of a Majority of the Controlling Class delivered to the Collateral Manager and the parties hereto, including the retiring Trustee or the retiring Note Administrator, as the case may be, and the successor Trustee or Note Administrator so appointed shall, forthwith upon its acceptance of such appointment, become the successor Trustee or Note Administrator, as applicable, and supersede any successor Trustee or Note Administrator proposed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer. If no successor Trustee or Note Administrator shall have been so appointed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer or a Majority of the Controlling Class and shall have accepted appointment in the manner hereinafter provided, subject to Section 5.15, the Controlling Class or any Holder may, on behalf of itself or himself and all others similarly situated, petition any court of competent jurisdiction for the appointment of a successor Trustee or Note Administrator.

(f) The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall give prompt notice of each resignation and each removal of the Trustee or Note Administrator and each appointment of a successor Trustee or Note Administrator by mailing written notice of such event by first class mail, postage prepaid, to the Rating Agencies, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Collateral Manager, the parties hereto, and to the Holders of the Notes as their names and addresses appear in the Notes Register. Each notice shall include the name of the successor Trustee or Note Administrator, as the case may be, and the address of its respective Corporate Trust Office. If the Issuer or the Co-Issuer fail to mail such notice within ten days after acceptance of appointment by the successor Trustee or Note Administrator, the successor Trustee or Note Administrator shall cause such notice to be given at the expense of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be.

(g) The resignation or removal of the Note Administrator in any capacity in which it is serving hereunder, including Note Administrator, Paying Agent, Authenticating Agent, Calculation Agent, Transfer Agent, Custodian, Securities Intermediary, Backup Advancing Agent and Notes Registrar, shall be deemed a resignation or removal, as applicable, in each of the other capacities in which it serves.

Section 6.10 Acceptance of Appointment by Successor.

Every successor Trustee or Note Administrator appointed hereunder shall execute, acknowledge and deliver to the Collateral Manager, the Servicer, and the parties hereto including the retiring Trustee or the retiring Note Administrator, as the case may be, an instrument accepting such appointment. Upon delivery of the required instruments, the resignation or removal of the retiring Trustee or the retiring Note Administrator shall become effective and such successor Trustee or Note Administrator, without any further act, deed or conveyance, shall become vested with all the rights, powers, trusts, duties and obligations of the retiring Trustee or Note Administrator, as the case may be; but, on request of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer or a Majority of the Controlling Class, the Collateral Manager or the successor Trustee or Note Administrator, such retiring Trustee or Note Administrator shall, upon payment of its fees, indemnities and other amounts then unpaid, execute and deliver an instrument transferring to such successor Trustee or Note Administrator all the rights, powers and trusts of the retiring Trustee or Note Administrator, as the case may be, and shall duly assign, transfer and deliver to such successor Trustee or Note Administrator all property and amounts held by such retiring Trustee or Note Administrator hereunder, subject nevertheless to its lien, if any, provided for in Section 6.7(d). Upon request of any such successor Trustee or Note Administrator, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall execute any and all instruments for more fully and certainly vesting in and confirming to such successor Trustee or Note Administrator all such rights, powers and trusts.

 

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No successor Trustee or successor Note Administrator shall accept its appointment unless (a) at the time of such acceptance such successor shall be qualified and eligible under this Article 6, (b) such successor shall have a long-term unsecured debt rating satisfying the requirements set forth in Section 6.8, and (c) the Rating Agency Condition is satisfied.

Section 6.11 Merger, Conversion, Consolidation or Succession to Business of Trustee and Note Administrator.

Any corporation or banking association into which the Trustee or the Note Administrator may be merged or converted or with which it may be consolidated, or any corporation or banking association resulting from any merger, conversion or consolidation to which the Trustee or the Note Administrator, shall be a party, or any corporation or banking association succeeding to all or substantially all of the corporate trust business of the Trustee or the Note Administrator, shall be the successor of the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, hereunder; provided that with respect to the Trustee, such corporation or banking association shall be otherwise qualified and eligible under this Article 6, without the execution or filing of any paper or any further act on the part of any of the parties hereto. In case any of the Notes have been authenticated, but not delivered, by the Note Administrator then in office, any successor by merger, conversion or consolidation to such authenticating Note Administrator may adopt such authentication and deliver the Notes so authenticated with the same effect as if such successor Note Administrator had itself authenticated such Notes.

Section 6.12 Co-Trustees and Separate Trustee.

At any time or times, including, but not limited to, for the purpose of meeting the legal requirements of any jurisdiction in which any part of the Collateral may at the time be located, for enforcement actions, or where a conflict of interest exists, the Trustee shall have power to appoint, one or more Persons to act as co-trustee jointly with the Trustee or as a separate trustee with respect to of all or any part of the Collateral, with the power to file such proofs of claim and take such other actions pursuant to Section 5.6 herein and to make such claims and enforce such rights of action on behalf of the Holders of the Notes as such Holders themselves may have the right to do, subject to the other provisions of this Section 6.12.

Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall join with the Trustee in the execution, delivery and performance of all instruments and agreements necessary or proper to appoint a co-trustee. If the Issuer and the Co-Issuer do not both join in such appointment within 15 days after the receipt by them of a request to do so, the Trustee shall have power to make such appointment on its own.

Should any written instrument from the Issuer or the Co-Issuer be required by any co-trustee, so appointed, more fully confirming to such co-trustee such property, title, right or power, any and all such instruments shall, on request, be executed, acknowledged and delivered by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be. The Issuer agrees to pay (but only from and to the extent of the Collateral) to the extent funds are available therefor under the Priority of Payments, for any reasonable fees and expenses in connection with such appointment.

 

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Every co-trustee, shall, to the extent permitted by law, but to such extent only, be appointed subject to the following terms:

(a) all rights, powers, duties and obligations hereunder in respect of the custody of securities, Cash and other personal property held by, or required to be deposited or pledged with, the Trustee hereunder, shall be exercised solely by the Trustee;

(b) the rights, powers, duties and obligations hereby conferred or imposed upon the Trustee in respect of any property covered by the appointment of a co-trustee shall be conferred or imposed upon and exercised or performed by the Trustee or by the Trustee and such co-trustee jointly in the case of the appointment of a co-trustee as shall be provided in the instrument appointing such co-trustee, except to the extent that under any law of any jurisdiction in which any particular act is to be performed, the Trustee shall be incompetent or unqualified to perform such act, in which event such rights, powers, duties and obligations shall be exercised and performed by a co-trustee;

(c) the Trustee at any time, by an instrument in writing executed by it, with the concurrence of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer evidenced by an Issuer Order, may accept the resignation of, or remove, any co-trustee appointed under this Section 6.12, and in case an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, the Trustee shall have the power to accept the resignation of, or remove, any such co-trustee without the concurrence of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer. A successor to any co-trustee so resigned or removed may be appointed in the manner provided in this Section 6.12;

(d) no co-trustee hereunder shall be personally liable by reason of any act or omission of the Trustee hereunder, and any co-trustee hereunder shall be entitled to all the privileges, rights and immunities under Article 6 hereof, as if it were named the Trustee hereunder;

(e) except as required by applicable law, the appointment of a co-trustee or separate trustee under this Section 6.12 shall not relieve the Trustee of its duties and responsibilities hereunder; and

(f) any Act of Securityholders delivered to the Trustee shall be deemed to have been delivered to each co-trustee.

Section 6.13 Direction to enter into the Servicing Agreement.

The Issuer hereby directs the Trustee and the Note Administrator to enter into the Servicing Agreement. Each of the Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to the same rights, protections, immunities and indemnities afforded to each herein in connection with any matter contained in the Servicing Agreement.

 

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Section 6.14 Representations and Warranties of the Trustee.

The Trustee represents and warrants for the benefit of the other parties to this Indenture and the parties to the Servicing Agreement that:

(a) the Trustee is a national banking association with trust powers, duly and validly existing under the laws of the United States of America, with corporate power and authority to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement, and is duly eligible and qualified to act as Trustee under this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement;

(b) this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement have each been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Trustee and each constitutes the valid and binding obligation of the Trustee, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms except (i) as limited by bankruptcy, fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent transfer, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation, receivership, moratorium or other similar laws now or hereafter in effect relating to creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law, and (ii) that the remedy of specific performance and injunctive and other forms of equitable relief may be subject to equitable defenses and to the discretion of the court before which any proceeding therefor may be brought;

(c) neither the execution, delivery and performance of this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, (i) is prohibited by, or requires the Trustee to obtain any consent, authorization, approval or registration under, any law, statute, rule, regulation, or any judgment, order, writ, injunction or decree that is binding upon the Trustee or any of its properties or Collateral or (ii) will violate the provisions of the Governing Documents of the Trustee; and

(d) there are no proceedings pending or, to the best knowledge of the Trustee, threatened against the Trustee before any Federal, state or other governmental agency, authority, administrator or regulatory body, arbitrator, court or other tribunal, foreign or domestic, which could have a material adverse effect on the Collateral or the performance by the Trustee of its obligations under this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement.

Section 6.15 Representations and Warranties of the Note Administrator.

The Note Administrator represents and warrants for the benefit of the other parties to this Indenture and the parties to the Servicing Agreement that:

(a) the Note Administrator is a national banking association with trust powers, duly and validly existing under the laws of the United States of America, with corporate power and authority to execute, deliver and perform its obligations under this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement, and is duly eligible and qualified to act as Note Administrator under this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement;

 

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(b) this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement have each been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Note Administrator and each constitutes the valid and binding obligation of the Note Administrator, enforceable against it in accordance with its terms except (i) as limited by bankruptcy, fraudulent conveyance, fraudulent transfer, insolvency, reorganization, liquidation, receivership, moratorium or other similar laws now or hereafter in effect relating to creditors’ rights generally and by general equitable principles, regardless of whether considered in a proceeding in equity or at law, and (ii) that the remedy of specific performance and injunctive and other forms of equitable relief may be subject to equitable defenses and to the discretion of the court before which any proceeding therefor may be brought;

(c) neither the execution, delivery and performance of this Indenture of the Servicing Agreement, nor the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, (i) is prohibited by, or requires the Note Administrator to obtain any consent, authorization, approval or registration under, any law, statute, rule, regulation, or any judgment, order, writ, injunction or decree that is binding upon the Note Administrator or any of its properties or Collateral or (ii) will violate the provisions of the Governing Documents of the Note Administrator; and

(d) there are no proceedings pending or, to the best knowledge of the Note Administrator, threatened against the Note Administrator before any Federal, state or other governmental agency, authority, administrator or regulatory body, arbitrator, court or other tribunal, foreign or domestic, which could have a material adverse effect on the Collateral or the performance by the Note Administrator of its obligations under this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement.

Section 6.16 Requests for Consents.

In the event that the Trustee and Note Administrator receives written notice of any offer or any request for a waiver, consent, amendment or other modification with respect to any Mortgage Asset (before or after any default) or in the event any action is required to be taken in respect to an Asset Document, the Note Administrator shall promptly forward such notice to the Issuer, the Servicer and the Special Servicer. The Special Servicer shall take such action as required under the Servicing Agreement as described in Section 10.10(f).

Section 6.17 Withholding.

(a) If any amount is required to be deducted or withheld from any payment to any Noteholder, such amount shall reduce the amount otherwise distributable to such Noteholder. The Note Administrator is hereby authorized to withhold or deduct from amounts otherwise distributable to any Noteholder sufficient funds for the payment of any tax that is legally required to be withheld or deducted (but such authorization shall not prevent the Note Administrator from contesting any such tax in appropriate proceedings and legally withholding payment of such tax, pending the outcome of such proceedings). The amount of any withholding tax imposed with respect to any Noteholder shall be treated as Cash distributed to such Noteholder at the time it is deducted or withheld by the Issuer or the Note Administrator, as applicable, and remitted to the appropriate taxing authority. If there is a possibility that withholding tax is payable with respect to a distribution, the Note Administrator may in its sole discretion withhold such amounts in accordance with this Section 6.17. The Issuer and the Co-Issuer agree to timely provide to the Note Administrator accurate and complete copies of all documentation received from Noteholders pursuant to Sections 2.7(f) and 2.11(c). Solely with respect to FATCA compliance and reporting,

 

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nothing herein shall impose an obligation on the part of the Note Administrator to determine the amount of any tax or withholding obligation on the part of the Issuer or in respect of the Notes. In addition, initial purchasers and transferees of Definitive Notes after the Closing Date will be required to provide to the Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, or their agents, all information, documentation or certifications reasonably required to permit the Issuer to comply with its tax reporting obligations under applicable law, including any applicable cost basis reporting obligation. For the avoidance of doubt, the Note Administrator will have no responsibility for the preparation of any tax returns or related reports on behalf of or for the benefit of the Issuer or any noteholder, or the calculation of any original issue discount on the Notes.

(b) For the avoidance of doubt, the Note Administrator shall reasonably cooperate with Issuer, at Issuer’s direction and expense, to permit Issuer to fulfill its obligations under FATCA (including Cayman FATCA legislation); provided that the Note Administrator shall have no independent obligation to cause or maintain Issuer’s compliance with FATCA and shall have no liability for any withholding on payments to Issuer as a result of Issuer’s failure to achieve or maintain FATCA compliance.

ARTICLE 7

COVENANTS

Section 7.1 Payment of Principal and Interest.

The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall duly and punctually pay the principal of and interest on each Class of Notes in accordance with the terms of this Indenture. Amounts properly withheld under the Code or other applicable law by any Person from a payment to any Noteholder of interest and/or principal shall be considered as having been paid by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, and, with respect to the Preferred Shares, by the Issuer, to such Preferred Shareholder for all purposes of this Indenture.

The Note Administrator shall, unless prevented from doing so for reasons beyond its reasonable control, give notice to each Securityholder of any such withholding requirement no later than ten days prior to the related Payment Date from which amounts are required (as directed by the Issuer or the Collateral Manager on its behalf) to be withheld, provided that, despite the failure of the Note Administrator to give such notice, amounts withheld pursuant to applicable tax laws shall be considered as having been paid by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, as provided above.

Section 7.2 Maintenance of Office or Agency.

The Co-Issuers hereby appoint the Note Administrator as a Paying Agent for the payment of principal of and interest on the Notes and where Notes may be surrendered for registration of transfer or exchange and the Issuer hereby appoints Corporation Service Company in New York, New York, as its agent where notices and demands to or upon the Issuer in respect of the Notes or this Indenture may be served.

 

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The Issuer may at any time and from time to time vary or terminate the appointment of any such agent or appoint any additional agents for any or all of such purposes; provided, however, that the Issuer will maintain in the Borough of Manhattan, The City of New York, an office or agency where notices and demands to or upon the Issuer in respect of the Notes and this Indenture may be served, and, subject to any laws or regulations applicable thereto, an office or agency outside of the United States where Notes may be presented and surrendered for payment; provided, further, that no paying agent shall be appointed in a jurisdiction which subjects payments on the Notes to withholding tax. The Issuer shall give prompt written notice to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Rating Agencies and the Noteholders of the appointment or termination of any such agent and of the location and any change in the location of any such office or agency.

If at any time the Issuer shall fail to maintain any such required office or agency in the Borough of Manhattan, The City of New York, or outside the United States, or shall fail to furnish the Trustee and the Note Administrator with the address thereof, presentations and surrenders may be made (subject to the limitations described in the preceding paragraph) at and notices and demands may be served on the Issuer and Co-Issuer and Notes may be presented and surrendered for payment to the appropriate Paying Agent at its main office and the Issuer and the Co-Issuer hereby appoint the same as their agent to receive such respective presentations, surrenders, notices and demands.

Section 7.3 Amounts for Note Payments to be Held in Trust.

(a) All payments of amounts due and payable with respect to any Notes that are to be made from amounts withdrawn from the Payment Account shall be made on behalf of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer by the Note Administrator or a Paying Agent (in each case, from and to the extent of available funds in the Payment Account and subject to the Priority of Payments) with respect to payments on the Notes.

When the Paying Agent is not also the Notes Registrar, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall furnish, or cause the Notes Registrar to furnish, no later than the fifth calendar day after each Record Date a list, if necessary, in such form as such Paying Agent may reasonably request, of the names and addresses of the Holders of Notes and of the certificate numbers of individual Notes held by each such Holder together with wiring instructions, contact information, and such other information reasonably required by the paying agent.

Whenever the Paying Agent is not also the Note Administrator, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, and such Paying Agent shall, on or before the Business Day next preceding each Payment Date or Redemption Date, as the case may be, direct the Note Administrator to deposit on such Payment Date with such Paying Agent, if necessary, an aggregate sum sufficient to pay the amounts then becoming due pursuant to the terms of this Indenture (to the extent funds are then available for such purpose in the Payment Account, and subject to the Priority of Payments), such sum to be held for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto and (unless such Paying Agent is the Note Administrator) the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly notify the Note Administrator of its action or failure so to act. Any amounts deposited with a Paying Agent (other than the Note Administrator) in excess of an amount sufficient to pay the amounts then becoming due on the Notes with respect to which such deposit was made shall be paid over by such Paying Agent to the Note Administrator for application in accordance with Article 11. Any such Paying Agent shall be deemed to agree by assuming such role not to cause the filing of a petition in bankruptcy against the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or any Permitted Subsidiary for the non-payment to the Paying Agent of any amounts payable thereto until at least one year and one day (or, if longer, the applicable preference period then in effect) after the payment in full of all Notes issued under this Indenture.

 

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The initial Paying Agent shall be as set forth in Section 7.2. Any additional or successor Paying Agents shall be appointed by Issuer Order of the Issuer and Issuer Order of the Co-Issuer and at the sole cost and expense (including such Paying Agent’s fee) of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, with written notice thereof to the Note Administrator; provided, however, that so long as any Class of the Notes are rated by a Rating Agency and with respect to any additional or successor Paying Agent for the Notes, either (i) such Paying Agent has a long-term unsecured debt rating of “Aa3” or higher by Moody’s or (ii) each of the Rating Agencies confirms that employing such Paying Agent shall not adversely affect the then-current ratings of the Notes. In the event that such successor Paying Agent ceases to have a long-term debt rating of “Aa3” or higher by Moody’s, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly remove such Paying Agent and appoint a successor Paying Agent. The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall not appoint any Paying Agent that is not, at the time of such appointment, a depository institution or trust company subject to supervision and examination by federal and/or state and/or national banking authorities. The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall cause the Paying Agent other than the Note Administrator to execute and deliver to the Note Administrator an instrument in which such Paying Agent shall agree with the Note Administrator (and if the Note Administrator acts as Paying Agent, it hereby so agrees), subject to the provisions of this Section 7.3, that such Paying Agent will:

(i) allocate all sums received for payment to the Holders of Notes in accordance with the terms of this Indenture;

(ii) hold all sums held by it for the payment of amounts due with respect to the Notes for the benefit of the Persons entitled thereto until such sums shall be paid to such Persons or otherwise disposed of as herein provided and pay such sums to such Persons as herein provided;

(iii) if such Paying Agent is not the Note Administrator, immediately resign as a Paying Agent and forthwith pay to the Note Administrator all sums held by it for the payment of Notes if at any time it ceases to satisfy the standards set forth above required to be met by a Paying Agent at the time of its appointment;

(iv) if such Paying Agent is not the Note Administrator, immediately give the Note Administrator notice of any Default by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer (or any other obligor upon the Notes) in the making of any payment required to be made; and

(v) if such Paying Agent is not the Note Administrator at any time during the continuance of any such Default, upon the written request of the Note Administrator, forthwith pay to the Note Administrator all sums so held by such Paying Agent.

The Issuer or the Co-Issuer may at any time, for the purpose of obtaining the satisfaction and discharge of this Indenture or for any other purpose, pay, or by Issuer Order direct the Paying Agent to pay, to the Note Administrator all sums held by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or held by the Paying Agent for payment of the Notes, such sums to be held by the Note Administrator in trust for the same Noteholders as those upon which such sums were held by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer or the Paying Agent; and, upon such payment by the Paying Agent to the Note Administrator, the Paying Agent shall be released from all further liability with respect to such amounts.

 

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Except as otherwise required by applicable law, any amounts deposited with the Note Administrator in trust or deposited with the Paying Agent for the payment of the principal of or interest on any Note and remaining unclaimed for two years after such principal or interest has become due and payable shall be paid to the Issuer on request; and the Holder of such Note shall thereafter, as an unsecured general creditor, look only to the Issuer for payment of such amounts and all liability of the Note Administrator or the Paying Agent with respect to such amounts (but only to the extent of the amounts so paid to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as applicable) shall thereupon cease. The Note Administrator or the Paying Agent, before being required to make any such release of payment, may, but shall not be required to, adopt and employ, at the expense of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, any reasonable means of notification of such release of payment, including, but not limited to, mailing notice of such release to Holders whose Notes have been called but have not been surrendered for redemption or whose right to or interest in amounts due and payable but not claimed is determinable from the records of the Paying Agent, at the last address of record of each such Holder.

Section 7.4 Existence of the Issuer and Co-Issuer.

(a) So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Issuer shall, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, maintain in full force and effect its existence and rights as an exempted company incorporated with limited liability under the laws of the Cayman Islands and shall obtain and preserve its qualification to do business as a foreign limited liability company in each jurisdiction in which such qualifications are or shall be necessary to protect the validity and enforceability of this Indenture, the Notes or any of the Collateral; provided that the Issuer shall be entitled to change its jurisdiction of registration from the Cayman Islands to any other jurisdiction reasonably selected by the Issuer so long as (i) such change is not disadvantageous in any material respect to the Holders of the Notes or the Preferred Shares, (ii) it delivers written notice of such change to the Note Administrator for delivery to the Holders of the Notes or Preferred Shares, the Preferred Share Paying Agent and the Rating Agencies and (iii) on or prior to the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following delivery of such notice by the Note Administrator to the Noteholders, the Note Administrator shall not have received written notice from a Majority of the Controlling Class or a Majority of Preferred Shareholders objecting to such change. So long as any Rated Notes are Outstanding, the Issuer will maintain at all times at least one director who is Independent of the Collateral Manager and its Affiliates.

(b) So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Co-Issuer shall maintain in full force and effect its existence and rights as a limited liability company organized under the laws of Delaware and shall obtain and preserve its qualification to do business as a foreign limited liability company in each jurisdiction in which such qualifications are or shall be necessary to protect the validity and enforceability of this Indenture or the Notes; provided, however, that the Co-Issuer shall be entitled to change its jurisdiction of formation from Delaware to any other jurisdiction reasonably selected by the Co-Issuer so long as (i) such change is not disadvantageous in any material respect to the Holders of the Notes, (ii) it delivers written notice of such change to the Note Administrator for delivery to the Holders of the Notes and the Rating Agencies and (iii) on

 

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or prior to the fifteenth (15th) Business Day following such delivery of such notice by the Note Administrator to the Noteholders, the Note Administrator shall not have received written notice from a Majority of the Controlling Class objecting to such change. So long as any Rated Notes are Outstanding, the Co-Issuer will maintain at all times at least one director who is Independent of the Collateral Manager and its Affiliates.

(c) So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Issuer shall ensure that all corporate or other formalities regarding its existence are followed (including correcting any known misunderstanding regarding its separate existence). So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Issuer shall not take any action or conduct its affairs in a manner that is likely to result in its separate existence being ignored or its Collateral and liabilities being substantively consolidated with any other Person in a bankruptcy, reorganization or other insolvency proceeding. So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Issuer shall maintain and implement administrative and operating procedures reasonably necessary in the performance of the Issuer’s obligations hereunder, and the Issuer shall at all times keep and maintain, or cause to be kept and maintained, separate books, records, accounts and other information customarily maintained for the performance of the Issuer’s obligations hereunder. Without limiting the foregoing, so long as any Note is Outstanding, (i) the Issuer shall (A) pay its own liabilities only out of its own funds and (B) use separate stationery, invoices and checks, (C) hold itself out and identify itself as a separate and distinct entity under its own name; (D) not commingle its assets with assets of any other Person; (E) hold title to its assets in its own name; (F) maintain separate financial statements, showing its assets and liabilities separate and apart from those of any other Person and not have its assets listed on any financial statement of any other Person; provided, however, that the Issuer’s assets may be included in a consolidated financial statement of its Affiliate provided that (1) appropriate notation shall be made on such consolidated financial statements to indicate the separateness of the Issuer from such Affiliate and to indicate that the Issuer’s assets and credit are not available to satisfy the debts and other obligations of such Affiliate or any other Person and (2) such assets shall also be listed on the Issuer’s own balance sheet; (G) not guarantee any obligation of any Person, including any Affiliate or become obligated for the debts of any other Person or hold out its credit or assets as being available to satisfy the obligations of others; (H) allocate fairly and reasonably any overhead expenses, including for shared office space; (I) not have its obligations guaranteed by any Affiliate; (J) not pledge its assets to secure the obligations of any other Person; (K) correct any known misunderstanding regarding its separate identity; (L) maintain adequate capital in light of its contemplated business purpose, transactions and liabilities; (M) not acquire any securities of any Affiliate of the Issuer; and (N) not own any asset or property other than property arising out of the actions permitted to be performed under the Transaction Documents; and (ii) the Issuer shall not (A) have any subsidiaries (other than a Permitted Subsidiary and, in the case of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer); (B) engage, directly or indirectly, in any business other than the actions required or permitted to be performed under the Transaction Documents; (C) engage in any transaction with any shareholder that is not permitted under the terms of the Servicing Agreement; (D) pay dividends other than in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, its governing documents and the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement; (E) conduct business under an assumed name (i.e., no “DBAs”); (F) incur, create or assume any indebtedness other than as expressly permitted under the Transaction Documents; (G) enter into any contract or agreement with any of its Affiliates, except upon terms and conditions that are commercially reasonable and substantially similar to those available in arm’s-length transactions; provided that the foregoing shall not prohibit the Issuer from entering into the transactions contemplated by the Company Administration

 

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Agreement with the Company Administrator, the Registered Office Terms, the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement with the Share Registrar and any other agreement contemplated or permitted by the Servicing Agreement or this Indenture; (H) make or permit to remain outstanding any loan or advance to, or own or acquire any stock or securities of, any Person, except that the Issuer may invest in those investments permitted under the Transaction Documents and may make any advance required or expressly permitted to be made pursuant to any provisions of the Transaction Documents and permit the same to remain outstanding in accordance with such provisions; (I) to the fullest extent permitted by law, engage in any dissolution, liquidation, consolidation, merger, asset sale or transfer of ownership interests other than such activities as are expressly permitted pursuant to any provision of the Transaction Documents.

(d) So long as any Note is Outstanding, the Co-Issuer shall ensure that all limited liability company or other formalities regarding its existence are followed, as well as correcting any known misunderstanding regarding its separate existence. The Co-Issuer shall not take any action or conduct its affairs in a manner, that is likely to result in its separate existence being ignored or its Collateral and liabilities being substantively consolidated with any other Person in a bankruptcy, reorganization or other insolvency proceeding. The Co-Issuer shall maintain and implement administrative and operating procedures reasonably necessary in the performance of the Co-Issuer’s obligations hereunder, and the Co-Issuer shall at all times keep and maintain, or cause to be kept and maintained, books, records, accounts and other information customarily maintained for the performance of the Co-Issuer’s obligations hereunder. Without limiting the foregoing, the Co-Issuer shall not (A) have any subsidiaries, (B) have any employees (other than its managers), (C) join in any transaction with any member that is not permitted under the terms of the Servicing Agreement or this Indenture, (D) pay dividends other than in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, (E) commingle its funds or Collateral with those of any other Person, or (F) enter into any contract or agreement with any of its Affiliates, except upon terms and conditions that are commercially reasonable and substantially similar to those available in arm’s-length transactions with an unrelated party.

Section 7.5 Protection of Collateral.

(a) The Note Administrator, at the expense of the Issuer, upon receipt of any Opinion of Counsel received pursuant to Section 7.5(d) shall execute and deliver all such Financing Statements, continuation statements, instruments of further assurance and other instruments, and may take such other action as may be necessary or advisable or desirable to secure the rights and remedies of the Secured Parties hereunder and to:

(i) Grant more effectively all or any portion of the Collateral;

(ii) maintain or preserve the lien (and the priority thereof) of this Indenture or to carry out more effectively the purposes hereof;

(iii) perfect, publish notice of or protect the validity of any Grant made or to be made by this Indenture (including, without limitation, any and all actions necessary or desirable as a result of changes in law or regulations);

 

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(iv) cooperate with the Servicer and the Special Servicer with respect to enforcement on any of the Mortgage Assets or enforce on any other instruments or property included in the Collateral;

(v) instruct the Special Servicer to preserve and defend title to the Mortgage Assets and preserve and defend title to the other Collateral and the rights of the Trustee, the Holders of the Notes in the Collateral against the claims of all persons and parties; and

(vi) pursuant to Sections 11.1(a)(i)(1) and 11.1(a)(ii)(1), pay or cause to be paid any and all taxes levied or assessed upon all or any part of the Collateral.

The Issuer hereby designates the Note Administrator as its agent and attorney-in-fact to execute any Financing Statement, continuation statement or other instrument required pursuant to this Section 7.5. The Note Administrator agrees that it will from time to time execute and cause such Financing Statements and continuation statements to be filed (it being understood that the Note Administrator shall be entitled to rely upon an Opinion of Counsel described in Section 7.5(d), at the expense of the Issuer, as to the need to file such Financing Statements and continuation statements, the dates by which such filings are required to be made and the jurisdictions in which such filings are required to be made).

(b) Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall (except in accordance with Section 10.12(a), (b) or (c) and except for payments, deliveries and distributions otherwise expressly permitted under this Indenture) cause or permit the Custodial Account or the Custodian to be located in a different jurisdiction from the jurisdiction in which the Custodian was located on the Closing Date, unless the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, shall have first received an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that the lien and security interest created by this Indenture with respect to such property will continue to be maintained after giving effect to such action or actions.

(c) The Issuer shall (i) pay or cause to be paid taxes, if any, levied on account of the beneficial ownership by the Issuer of any Collateral that secure the Notes and timely file all tax returns and information statements as required, (ii) take all actions necessary or advisable to prevent the Issuer from becoming subject to any withholding or other taxes or assessments and to allow the Issuer to comply with FATCA, and (iii) if required to prevent the withholding or imposition of United States income tax, deliver or cause to be delivered a United States IRS Form W-9 (or the applicable IRS Form W-8, if appropriate) or successor applicable form, to each borrower, counterparty or paying agent with respect to (as applicable) an item included in the Collateral at the time such item is purchased or entered into and thereafter prior to the expiration or obsolescence of such form.

(d) For so long as the Notes are Outstanding, on or about June 2023 and every 60 months thereafter, the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on its behalf) shall deliver to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, for the benefit of the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator and the Rating Agencies, at the expense of the Issuer, an Opinion of Counsel stating what is required, in the opinion of such counsel, as of the date of such opinion, to maintain the lien and security interest created by this Indenture with respect to the Collateral, and confirming the matters set forth in the Opinion of Counsel, furnished pursuant to Section 3.1(d), with regard to the perfection and priority of such security interest (and such Opinion of Counsel may likewise be subject to qualifications and assumptions similar to those set forth in the Opinion of Counsel delivered pursuant to Section 3.1(d)).

 

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Section 7.6 Notice of Any Amendments.

Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall give notice to the 17g-5 Information Provider of, and satisfy the Rating Agency Condition with respect to, any amendments to its Governing Documents.

Section 7.7 Performance of Obligations.

(a) Each of the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall not take any action, and will use commercially reasonable efforts not to permit any action to be taken by others, that would release any Person from any of such Person’s covenants or obligations under any Instrument included in the Collateral, except in the case of enforcement action taken with respect to any Defaulted Mortgage Asset in accordance with the provisions hereof and as otherwise required hereby.

(b) The Issuer or the Co-Issuer may, with the prior written consent of the Majority of the Notes (or if there are no Notes Outstanding, a Majority of Preferred Shareholders), contract with other Persons, including the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, or the Trustee, for the performance of actions and obligations to be performed by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, hereunder by such Persons and the performance of the actions and other obligations with respect to the Collateral of the nature set forth in this Indenture. Notwithstanding any such arrangement, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, shall remain primarily liable with respect thereto. In the event of such contract, the performance of such actions and obligations by such Persons shall be deemed to be performance of such actions and obligations by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer; and the Issuer or the Co-Issuer shall punctually perform, and use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Collateral Manager or such other Person to perform, all of their obligations and agreements contained in this Indenture or such other agreement.

(c) Unless the Rating Agency Condition is satisfied with respect thereto, the Issuer shall maintain the Servicing Agreement in full force and effect so long as any Notes remain Outstanding and shall not terminate the Servicing Agreement with respect to any Mortgage Asset except upon the sale or other liquidation of such Mortgage Asset in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Indenture.

(d) If the Co-Issuers receive a notice from the Rating Agencies stating that they are not in compliance with Rule 17g-5, the Co-Issuers shall take such action as mutually agreed between the Co-Issuers and the Rating Agencies in order to comply with Rule 17g-5.

Section 7.8 Negative Covenants.

(a) The Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall not:

(i) sell, assign, participate, transfer, exchange or otherwise dispose of, or pledge, mortgage, hypothecate or otherwise encumber (or permit such to occur or suffer such to exist), any part of the Collateral, except as otherwise expressly permitted by this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement;

 

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(ii) claim any credit on, make any deduction from, or dispute the enforceability of, the payment of the principal or interest payable in respect of the Notes (other than amounts required to be paid, deducted or withheld in accordance with any applicable law or regulation of any governmental authority) or assert any claim against any present or future Noteholder by reason of the payment of any taxes levied or assessed upon any part of the Collateral;

(iii) (A) incur or assume or guarantee any indebtedness, other than the Notes and this Indenture and the transactions contemplated hereby; (B) issue any additional class of securities, other than the Notes, the Preferred Shares, the ordinary shares of the Issuer and the limited liability company membership interests of the Co-Issuer; or (C) issue any additional shares of stock, other than the ordinary shares of the Issuer and the Preferred Shares;

(iv) (A) permit the validity or effectiveness of this Indenture or any Grant hereunder to be impaired, or permit the lien of this Indenture to be amended, hypothecated, subordinated, terminated or discharged, or permit any Person to be released from any covenants or obligations with respect to this Indenture or the Notes, except as may be expressly permitted hereby; (B) permit any lien, charge, adverse claim, security interest, mortgage or other encumbrance (other than the lien of this Indenture) to be created on or extend to or otherwise arise upon or burden the Collateral or any part thereof, any interest therein or the proceeds thereof, except as may be expressly permitted hereby; or (C) take any action that would permit the lien of this Indenture not to constitute a valid first priority security interest in the Collateral, except as may be expressly permitted hereby;

(v) amend the Servicing Agreement, except pursuant to the terms thereof;

(vi) amend the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, except pursuant to the terms thereof;

(vii) to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, dissolve or liquidate in whole or in part, except as permitted hereunder;

(viii) make or incur any capital expenditures, except as reasonably required to perform its functions in accordance with the terms of this Indenture and, in the case of the Issuer, the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement;

(ix) become liable in any way, whether directly or by assignment or as a guarantor or other surety, for the obligations of the lessee under any lease, hire any employees or pay any dividends to its shareholders, except with respect to the Preferred Shares in accordance with the Priority of Payments;

(x) maintain any bank accounts other than the Accounts and the bank account in the Cayman Islands in which (inter alia) the proceeds of the Issuer’s issued share capital and the transaction fees paid to the Issuer for agreeing to issue the Securities will be kept;

 

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(xi) conduct business under an assumed name, or change its name without first delivering at least 30 days’ prior written notice to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Noteholders and the Rating Agencies and an Opinion of Counsel to the effect that such name change will not adversely affect the security interest hereunder of the Trustee or the Secured Parties;

(xii) take any action that would result in it failing to qualify as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of Sub-REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes (including, but not limited to, an election to treat the Issuer as a “taxable REIT subsidiary,” as defined in Section 856(l) of the Code), unless (A) based on an Opinion of Counsel of Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or another nationally-recognized tax counsel experienced in such matters, the Issuer will be treated as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT other than Sub-REIT, or (B) based on an Opinion of Counsel of Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or another nationally-recognized tax counsel experienced in such matters, the Issuer will be treated as a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes;

(xiii) except for any agreements involving the purchase and sale of Mortgage Assets having customary purchase or sale terms and documented with customary loan trading documentation, enter into any agreements unless such agreements contain “non-petition” and “limited recourse” provisions; or

(xiv) amend their respective organizational documents without satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition in connection therewith.

(b) Neither the Issuer nor the Trustee shall sell, transfer, exchange or otherwise dispose of Collateral, or enter into or engage in any business with respect to any part of the Collateral, except as expressly permitted or required by this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement.

(c) The Co-Issuer shall not invest any of its Collateral in “securities” (as such term is defined in the 1940 Act) and shall keep all of the Co-Issuer’s Collateral in Cash.

(d) For so long as any of the Notes are Outstanding, the Co-Issuer shall not issue any limited liability company membership interests of the Co-Issuer to any Person other than Sub-REIT or a wholly-owned subsidiary of Sub-REIT.

(e) The Issuer shall not enter into any material new agreements (other than any Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement or other agreement contemplated by this Indenture) (including, without limitation, in connection with the sale of Collateral by the Issuer) without the prior written consent of the Holders of at least a Majority of the Notes (or if there are no Notes Outstanding, a Majority of Preferred Shareholders) and shall provide notice of all new agreements (other than the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement or other agreement specifically contemplated by this Indenture) to the Holders of the Notes. The foregoing notwithstanding, the Issuer may agree to any material new agreements; provided that (i) the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on its behalf) determines that such new agreements would not, upon becoming effective, adversely affect the rights or interests of any Class or Classes of Noteholders and (ii) subject to satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition.

 

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(f) As long as any Offered Note is Outstanding, Retention Holder may not transfer (whether by means of actual transfer or a transfer of beneficial ownership for U.S. federal income tax purposes), pledge or hypothecate any of the Retained Securities, any repurchased Notes or ordinary shares of the Issuer to any Person (except to an affiliate that is wholly-owned by Sub-REIT and is disregarded for U.S. federal income tax purposes) unless the Issuer receives a No Entity-Level Tax Opinion with respect to such transfer, pledge or hypothecation (or has previously received a No Trade or Business Opinion).

(g) Any financing arrangement pursuant to Section 7.8(f) shall prohibit any further transfer (whether by means of actual transfer or a transfer of beneficial ownership for U.S. federal income tax purposes) of the Retained Securities and Ordinary Shares in the Issuer, including a transfer in connection with any exercise of remedies under such financing unless the Issuer receives a No Entity-Level Tax Opinion.

Section 7.9 Statement as to Compliance.

On or before January 31, in each calendar year, commencing in 2019 or immediately if there has been a Default in the fulfillment of an obligation under this Indenture, the Issuer shall deliver to the Trustee, the Note Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider an Officer’s Certificate given on behalf of the Issuer and without personal liability stating, as to each signer thereof, that, since the date of the last certificate or, in the case of the first certificate, the Closing Date, to the best of the knowledge, information and belief of such Officer, the Issuer has fulfilled all of its obligations under this Indenture or, if there has been a Default in the fulfillment of any such obligation, specifying each such Default known to them and the nature and status thereof.

Section 7.10 Issuer and Co-Issuer May Consolidate or Merge Only on Certain Terms.

(a) The Issuer shall not consolidate or merge with or into any other Person or transfer or convey all or substantially all of its Collateral to any Person, unless permitted by the Governing Documents and Cayman Islands law and unless:

(i) the Issuer shall be the surviving entity, or the Person (if other than the Issuer) formed by such consolidation or into which the Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Issuer are transferred shall be an entity incorporated or formed and existing under the laws of the Cayman Islands or such other jurisdiction approved by a Majority of each and every Class of the Notes (each voting as a separate Class), and a Majority of Preferred Shareholders; provided that no such approval shall be required in connection with any such transaction undertaken solely to effect a change in the jurisdiction of registration pursuant to Section 7.4 hereof; and provided, further, that the surviving entity shall expressly assume, by an indenture supplemental hereto, executed and delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, and each Noteholder, the due and punctual payment of the principal of and interest on all Notes and other amounts payable hereunder and under the Servicing Agreement and the performance and observance of every covenant of this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement on the part of the Issuer to be performed or observed, all as provided herein;

 

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(ii) the Rating Agency Condition shall be satisfied;

(iii) if the Issuer is not the surviving entity, the Person formed by such consolidation or into which the Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Issuer are transferred shall have agreed with the Trustee and the Note Administrator (A) to observe the same legal requirements for the recognition of such formed or surviving entity as a legal entity separate and apart from any of its Affiliates as are applicable to the Issuer with respect to its Affiliates and (B) not to consolidate or merge with or into any other Person or transfer or convey all or substantially all of the Collateral or all or substantially all of its Collateral to any other Person except in accordance with the provisions of this Section 7.10, unless in connection with a sale of the Collateral pursuant to Article 5, Article 9 or Article 12;

(iv) if the Issuer is not the surviving entity, the Person formed by such consolidation or into which the Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Issuer are transferred shall have delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Collateral Manager, the Operating Advisor and the Rating Agencies an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each stating that such Person is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing in the jurisdiction in which such Person is organized; that such Person has sufficient power and authority to assume the obligations set forth in Section 7.10(a)(i) above and to execute and deliver an indenture supplemental hereto for the purpose of assuming such obligations; that such Person has duly authorized the execution, delivery and performance of an indenture supplemental hereto for the purpose of assuming such obligations and that such supplemental indenture is a valid, legal and binding obligation of such Person, enforceable in accordance with its terms, subject only to bankruptcy, reorganization, insolvency, moratorium and other laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and to general principles of equity (regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law); that, immediately following the event which causes such Person to become the successor to the Issuer, (A) such Person has good and marketable title, free and clear of any lien, security interest or charge, other than the lien and security interest of this Indenture, to the Collateral securing, in the case of a consolidation or merger of the Issuer, all of the Notes or, in the case of any transfer or conveyance of the Collateral securing any of the Notes, such Notes, (B) the Trustee continues to have a valid perfected first priority security interest in the Collateral securing, in the case of a consolidation or merger of the Issuer, all of the Notes, or, in the case of any transfer or conveyance of the Collateral securing any of the Notes, such Notes and (C) such other matters as the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager or any Noteholder may reasonably require;

(v) immediately after giving effect to such transaction, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing;

 

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(vi) the Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Preferred Share Paying Agent and each Noteholder, an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each stating that such consolidation, merger, transfer or conveyance and such supplemental indenture comply with this Article 7 and that all conditions precedent in this Article 7 provided for relating to such transaction have been complied with;

(vii) the Issuer has received an opinion from Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or an opinion of other nationally recognized U.S. tax counsel experienced in such matters that the Issuer or the Person referred to in clause (a) either will (a) be treated as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or disregarded entity of a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes or (b) be treated as a foreign corporation not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise not subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis;

(viii) the Issuer has received an opinion from Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or an opinion of other nationally recognized U.S. tax counsel experienced in such matters that such action will not adversely affect the tax treatment of the Noteholders as described in the Offering Memorandum under the heading “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” to any material extent; and

(ix) after giving effect to such transaction, the Issuer shall not be required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act.

(b) The Co-Issuer shall not consolidate or merge with or into any other Person or transfer or convey all or substantially all of its Collateral to any Person, unless no Notes remain Outstanding or:

(i) the Co-Issuer shall be the surviving entity, or the Person (if other than the Co-Issuer) formed by such consolidation or into which the Co-Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Co-Issuer are transferred shall be a company organized and existing under the laws of Delaware or such other jurisdiction approved by a Majority of the Controlling Class; provided that no such approval shall be required in connection with any such transaction undertaken solely to effect a change in the jurisdiction of formation pursuant to Section 7.4; and provided, further, that the surviving entity shall expressly assume, by an indenture supplemental hereto, executed and delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, and each Noteholder, the due and punctual payment of the principal of and interest on all Notes and the performance and observance of every covenant of this Indenture on the part of the Co-Issuer to be performed or observed, all as provided herein;

(ii) the Rating Agency Condition has been satisfied;

(iii) if the Co-Issuer is not the surviving entity, the Person formed by such consolidation or into which the Co-Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Co-Issuer are transferred shall have agreed with the Trustee and the Note Administrator (A) to observe the same legal requirements for the recognition of such formed or surviving entity as a legal entity separate and apart from any of its Affiliates as are applicable to the Co-Issuer with respect to its Affiliates and (B) not to consolidate or merge with or into any other Person or transfer or convey all or substantially all of its Collateral to any other Person except in accordance with the provisions of this Section 7.10;

 

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(iv) if the Co-Issuer is not the surviving entity, the Person formed by such consolidation or into which the Co-Issuer is merged or to which all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Co-Issuer are transferred shall have delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator and the Rating Agencies an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each stating that such Person is duly organized, validly existing and in good standing in the jurisdiction in which such Person is organized; that such Person has sufficient power and authority to assume the obligations set forth in Section 7.10(b)(i) above and to execute and deliver an indenture supplemental hereto for the purpose of assuming such obligations; that such Person has duly authorized the execution, delivery and performance of an indenture supplemental hereto for the purpose of assuming such obligations and that such supplemental indenture is a valid, legal and binding obligation of such Person, enforceable in accordance with its terms, subject only to bankruptcy, reorganization, insolvency, moratorium and other laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and to general principles of equity (regardless of whether such enforceability is considered in a proceeding in equity or at law); such other matters as the Trustee, the Note Administrator or any Noteholder may reasonably require;

(v) immediately after giving effect to such transaction, no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing;

(vi) the Co-Issuer shall have delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Preferred Share Paying Agent and each Noteholder an Officer’s Certificate and an Opinion of Counsel each stating that such consolidation, merger, transfer or conveyance and such supplemental indenture comply with this Article 7 and that all conditions precedent in this Article 7 provided for relating to such transaction have been complied with and that no adverse tax consequences will result therefrom to the Holders of the Notes or the Preferred Shareholders; and

(vii) after giving effect to such transaction, the Co-Issuer shall not be required to register as an investment company under the 1940 Act.

Section 7.11 Successor Substituted.

Upon any consolidation or merger, or transfer or conveyance of all or substantially all of the Collateral of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, in accordance with Section 7.10 hereof, the Person formed by or surviving such consolidation or merger (if other than the Issuer or the Co-Issuer), or the Person to which such consolidation, merger, transfer or conveyance is made, shall succeed to, and be substituted for, and may exercise every right and power of, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, under this Indenture with the same effect as if such Person had been named as the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as the case may be, herein. In the event of any such consolidation, merger, transfer or conveyance, the Person named as the “Issuer” or the “Co-Issuer” in the first paragraph of this Indenture or any successor which shall theretofore have become such in the manner prescribed in this Article 7 may be dissolved, wound-up and liquidated at any time thereafter, and such Person thereafter shall be released from its liabilities as obligor and maker on all the Notes and from its obligations under this Indenture.

 

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Section 7.12 No Other Business.

The Issuer shall not engage in any business or activity other than issuing and selling the Notes pursuant to this Indenture and any supplements thereto, issuing its ordinary shares and issuing and selling the Preferred Shares in accordance with its Governing Documents, and acquiring, owning, holding, disposing of and pledging the Collateral in connection with the Notes and such other activities which are necessary, suitable or convenient to accomplish the foregoing or are incidental thereto or connected therewith. The Co-Issuer shall not engage in any business or activity other than issuing and selling the Notes pursuant to this Indenture and any supplements thereto and such other activities which are necessary, suitable or convenient to accomplish the foregoing or are incidental thereto or connected therewith.

Section 7.13 Reporting.

At any time when the Issuer and/or the Co-Issuer is not subject to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act and is not exempt from reporting pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Exchange Act, upon the request of a Holder or beneficial owner of a Note, the Issuer and/or the Co-Issuer shall promptly furnish or cause to be furnished “Rule 144A Information” (as defined below) to such Holder or beneficial owner, to a prospective purchaser of such Note designated by such Holder or beneficial owner or to the Note Administrator for delivery to such Holder or beneficial owner or a prospective purchaser designated by such Holder or beneficial owner, as the case may be, in order to permit compliance by such Holder or beneficial owner with Rule 144A under the Securities Act in connection with the resale of such Note by such Holder or beneficial owner. “Rule 144A Information” shall be such information as is specified pursuant to Rule 144A(d)(4) under the Securities Act (or any successor provision thereto). The Note Administrator shall reasonably cooperate with the Issuer and/or the Co-Issuer in mailing or otherwise distributing (at the Issuer’s expense) to such Noteholders or prospective purchasers, at and pursuant to the Issuer’s and/or the Co-Issuer’s written direction the foregoing materials prepared by or on behalf of the Issuer and/or the Co-Issuer; provided, however, that the Note Administrator shall be entitled to prepare and affix thereto or enclose therewith reasonable disclaimers to the effect that such Rule 144A Information was not assembled by the Note Administrator, that the Note Administrator has not reviewed or verified the accuracy thereof, and that it makes no representation as to such accuracy or as to the sufficiency of such information under the requirements of Rule 144A or for any other purpose.

Section 7.14 Calculation Agent.

(a) The Issuer and the Co-Issuer hereby agree that for so long as any Notes remain Outstanding there shall at all times be an agent appointed to calculate LIBOR in respect of each Interest Accrual Period in accordance with the terms of Schedule B attached hereto (the “Calculation Agent”). The Issuer and the Co-Issuer initially have appointed the Note Administrator as Calculation Agent for purposes of determining LIBOR for each Interest Accrual Period. The Calculation Agent may be removed by the Issuer at any time with cause, or without cause upon 30 days’ written notice. The Calculation Agent may resign at any time by giving

 

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written notice thereof to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager, the Noteholders and the Rating Agencies. If the Calculation Agent is unable or unwilling to act as such or is removed by the Issuer in respect of any Interest Accrual Period, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall promptly appoint as a replacement Calculation Agent a leading bank which is engaged in transactions in Eurodollar deposits in the international Eurodollar market and which does not control or is not controlled by or under common control with the Issuer or its Affiliates. The Calculation Agent may not resign its duties without a successor having been duly appointed. If no successor Calculation Agent shall have been appointed within 30 days after giving of a notice of resignation, the resigning Calculation Agent or a Majority of the Holders of the Notes, on behalf of himself and all others similarly situated, may petition a court of competent jurisdiction, at the Issuer’s expense, for the appointment of a successor Calculation Agent.

(b) The Calculation Agent shall be required to agree that, as soon as practicable after 11:00 a.m. (London time) on each LIBOR Determination Date (as defined in Schedule B attached hereto), but in no event later than 11:00 a.m. (New York time) on the London Banking Day immediately following each LIBOR Determination Date, the Calculation Agent shall calculate LIBOR (or in the event that the Notes convert to the Treasury Rate or the Successor Benchmark Rate, the Treasury Rate or the Successor Benchmark Rate, as applicable) for the next Interest Accrual Period and will communicate such information to the Note Administrator, who shall include such calculation on the next Monthly Report following such LIBOR Determination Date. The Calculation Agent shall notify the Issuer, the Co-Issuer and the Collateral Manager before 5:00 p.m. (New York time) on each LIBOR Determination Date if it has not determined and is not in the process of determining LIBOR and the Interest Distribution Amounts for each Class of Notes, together with the reasons therefor. The determination of the Note Interest Rates and the related Interest Distribution Amounts, respectively, by the Calculation Agent shall, absent manifest error, be final and binding on all parties.

Section 7.15 REIT Status.

(a) Sub-REIT shall not take any action that results in the Issuer failing to qualify as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of Sub-REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes, unless (A) based on an Opinion of Counsel, the Issuer will be treated as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT other than Sub-REIT, or (B) based on an Opinion of Counsel, the Issuer will be treated as a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

(b) Without limiting the generality of Section 7.16, if the Issuer is no longer a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT, prior to the time that:

(i) any Mortgage Asset would cause the Issuer to be treated as engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or to become subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis,

(ii) restructuring of a Mortgage Asset that could cause the Issuer to be treated as engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or to become subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis,

 

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(iii) the Issuer would acquire the real property underlying any Mortgage Asset pursuant to a foreclosure or deed-in-lieu of foreclosure, or

(iv) any Mortgage Loan is modified in such a manner that could cause the Issuer to be treated as engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or to become subject to U.S. federal income tax on a net basis,

the Issuer will either (x) organize one or more Permitted Subsidiaries and contribute the subject property to such Permitted Subsidiary, (y) contribute such Mortgage Asset to an existing Permitted Subsidiary, or (z) sell such Mortgage Asset in accordance with Section 12.1.

(c) At the direction of 100% of the Preferred Shareholders (including any party that will become the beneficial owner of 100% of the Preferred Shares because of a default under any financing arrangement for which the Preferred Shares are security), the Issuer may operate as a foreign corporation that is not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes, provided that (i) the Issuer receives a No Entity-Level Tax Opinion; (ii) this Indenture and the Servicing Agreement, as applicable, are amended or supplemented (A) to adopt written tax guidelines governing the Issuer’s origination, acquisition, disposition and modification of Mortgage Loans designed to prevent the Issuer from being treated as engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes, (B) to form one or more “grantor trusts” to the hold Mortgage Loans and (C) to implement any other provisions deemed necessary (as determined by the tax counsel providing the opinion) to prevent the Issuer from being treated as a foreign corporation engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise becoming subject to U.S. federal withholding tax or U.S. federal income tax on a net basis; (iii) the Preferred Shareholder shall pay the administrative and other costs related to the Issuer converting from a Qualified REIT Subsidiary to operating as a foreign corporation, including the costs of any opinions and amendments; and (iv) the Preferred Shareholder agrees to pay any ongoing expenses related to the Issuer’s status as a foreign corporation not engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes, including but not limited to U.S. federal income tax filings required by the Issuer, the “grantor trusts” or any taxable subsidiaries or required under FATCA.

Section 7.16 Permitted Subsidiaries.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Indenture, the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer shall, following delivery of an Issuer Order to the parties hereto, be permitted to sell or otherwise transfer to a Permitted Subsidiary at any time any Sensitive Asset for consideration consisting entirely of the equity interests of such Permitted Subsidiary (or for an increase in the value of equity interests already owned). Such Issuer Order shall certify that the sale of a Sensitive Asset is being made in accordance with satisfaction of all requirements of this Indenture. The Custodian shall, upon receipt of a Release Request with respect to a Sensitive Asset, release such Sensitive Asset and shall deliver such Sensitive Asset as specified in such Release Request. The following provisions shall apply to all Sensitive Asset and Permitted Subsidiaries:

(a) For all purposes under this Indenture, any Sensitive Asset transferred to a Permitted Subsidiary shall be treated as if it were an asset owned directly by the Issuer.

 

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(b) Any distribution of Cash by a Permitted Subsidiary to the Issuer shall be characterized as Interest Proceeds or Principal Proceeds to the same extent that such Cash would have been characterized as Interest Proceeds or Principal Proceeds if received directly by the Issuer and each Permitted Subsidiary shall cause all proceeds of and collections on each Sensitive Asset owned by such Permitted Subsidiary to be deposited into the Payment Account.

(c) To the extent applicable, the Issuer shall form one or more Securities Accounts with the Securities Intermediary for the benefit of each Permitted Subsidiary and shall, to the extent applicable, cause Sensitive Asset to be credited to such Securities Accounts.

(d) Notwithstanding the complete and absolute transfer of a Sensitive Asset to a Permitted Subsidiary, the ownership interests of the Issuer in a Permitted Subsidiary or any property distributed to the Issuer by a Permitted Subsidiary shall be treated as a continuation of its ownership of the Sensitive Asset that was transferred to such Permitted Subsidiary (and shall be treated as having the same characteristics as such Sensitive Asset).

(e) If the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee, or any other authorized party takes any action under this Indenture to sell, liquidate or dispose of all or substantially all of the Collateral, the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager) shall cause each Permitted Subsidiary to sell each Sensitive Asset and all other Collateral held by such Permitted Subsidiary and distribute the proceeds of such sale, net of any amounts necessary to satisfy any related expenses and tax liabilities, to the Issuer in exchange for the equity interest in such Permitted Subsidiary held by the Issuer.

Section 7.17 Repurchase Requests.

If the Issuer, the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer receives any request or demand that a Mortgage Asset be repurchased or replaced arising from any Material Breach of a representation or warranty made with respect to such Mortgage Asset or any Material Document Defect (any such request or demand, a “Repurchase Request”) or a withdrawal of a Repurchase Request from any Person other than the Servicer or Special Servicer, then the Collateral Manager (on behalf of the Issuer), the Trustee or the Note Administrator, as applicable, shall promptly forward such notice of such Repurchase Request or withdrawal of a Repurchase Request, as the case may be, to the Servicer (if related to a Performing Mortgage Loan (as defined in the Servicing Agreement)) or Special Servicer, and include the following statement in the related correspondence: “This is a “Repurchase Request/withdrawal of a Repurchase Request” under Section 3.19 of the Servicing Agreement relating to TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd. and TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, requiring action from you as the “Repurchase Request Recipient” thereunder.” Upon receipt of such Repurchase Request or withdrawal of a Repurchase Request by the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or Special Servicer pursuant to the prior sentence, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall be deemed to be the Repurchase Request Recipient in respect of such Repurchase Request or withdrawal of a Repurchase Request, as the case may be, and shall be responsible for complying with the procedures set forth in Section 3.19 of the Servicing Agreement with respect to such Repurchase Request.

 

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Section 7.18 Servicing of Mortgage Loans and Control of Servicing Decisions.

The Mortgage Loans will be serviced by the Servicer or, with respect to Specially Serviced Mortgage Loans, the Special Servicer, in each case pursuant to the Servicing Agreement, subject to the consultation, consent and direction rights of the Collateral Manager and the Operating Advisor, as set forth in the Servicing Agreement, subject to those conditions, restrictions or termination events expressly provided therein. Nothing in this Indenture shall be interpreted to limit in any respect the rights of the Collateral Manager under the Servicing Agreement and none of the Issuer, Co-Issuer, Note Administrator and Trustee shall take any action under this Indenture inconsistent with the rights of the Collateral Manager set forth under the Servicing Agreement.

ARTICLE 8

SUPPLEMENTAL INDENTURES

Section 8.1 Supplemental Indentures Without Consent of Securityholders.

(a) Without the consent of the Holders of any Notes or any Preferred Shareholders, and without satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, when authorized by Board Resolutions of the Co-Issuers, the Trustee and the Note Administrator, at any time and from time to time subject to the requirement provided below in this Section 8.1, may enter into one or more indentures supplemental hereto, in form satisfactory to the parties thereto, for any of the following purposes:

(i) evidence the succession of any Person to the Issuer or the Co-Issuer and the assumption by any such successor of the covenants of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as applicable, herein and in the Notes;

(ii) add to the covenants of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator or the Trustee for the benefit of the Holders of the Notes, Preferred Shareholders or to surrender any right or power herein conferred upon the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, as applicable;

(iii) convey, transfer, assign, mortgage or pledge any property to or with the Trustee, or add to the conditions, limitations or restrictions on the authorized amount, terms and purposes of the issue, authentication and delivery of the Notes;

(iv) evidence and provide for the acceptance of appointment hereunder of a successor Trustee or a successor Note Administrator and to add to or change any of the provisions of this Indenture as shall be necessary to facilitate the administration of the trusts hereunder by more than one Trustee, pursuant to the requirements of Sections 6.9, 6.10 and 6.12 hereof;

(v) correct or amplify the description of any property at any time subject to the lien of this Indenture, or to better assure, convey and confirm unto the Trustee any property subject or required to be subject to the lien of this Indenture (including, without limitation, any and all actions necessary or desirable as a result of changes in law or regulations) or to subject any additional property to the lien of this Indenture;

 

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(vi) modify the restrictions on and procedures for resales and other transfers of Notes to reflect any changes in applicable law or regulation (or the interpretation thereof) or to enable the Issuer and the Co-Issuer to rely upon any exemption or exclusion from registration under the Securities Act, the Exchange Act or the 1940 Act (including, without limitation, (A) to prevent any Class of Notes from being considered an “ownership interest” under the Volcker Rule or (B) to prevent the Issuer or the Co-Issuer from being considered a “covered fund” under the Volcker Rule) or to remove restrictions on resale and transfer to the extent not required thereunder;

(vii) accommodate the issuance, if any, of Notes in global or book-entry form through the facilities of DTC or otherwise;

(viii) take any action commercially reasonably necessary or advisable as required for the Issuer to comply with the requirements of FATCA, to prevent the Issuer from failing to qualify as a Qualified REIT Subsidiary or other disregarded entity of a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise being treated as a foreign corporation engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes, or to prevent the Issuer, the Holders of the Notes, the Holders of the Preferred Shares or the Trustee from being subject to withholding or other taxes, fees or assessments or otherwise subject to U.S. federal, state, local or foreign income or franchise tax on a net tax basis;

(ix) amend or supplement any provision of this Indenture to the extent necessary to maintain the then-current ratings assigned to the Notes;

(x) accommodate the settlement of the Notes in book-entry form through the facilities of DTC, Euroclear or Clearstream, Luxembourg or otherwise;

(xi) authorize the appointment of any listing agent, transfer agent, paying agent or additional registrar for any Class of Notes required or advisable in connection with the listing of any Class of Notes on any stock exchange, and otherwise to amend this Indenture to incorporate any changes required or requested by any governmental authority, stock exchange authority, listing agent, transfer agent, paying agent or additional registrar for any Class of Notes in connection therewith;

(xii) evidence changes to applicable laws and regulations, including, without limitation, with the consent of the Sponsor and, in the case of the EU Risk Retention Laws, Retention Holder, to modify, eliminate, or add provisions to address or otherwise accommodate any changes to Regulation RR, EU Risk Retention Laws or any other U.S. or European Union laws or regulations relating to risk retention requirements in securitization transaction;

(xiii) reduce the minimum denominations required for transfer of the Notes;

(xiv) modify the provisions of this Indenture with respect to reimbursement of Nonrecoverable Interest Advances if (a) the Collateral Manager determines that the commercial mortgage securitization industry standard for such provisions has changed, in order to conform to such industry standard and (b) such modification does not adversely affect the status of Issuer for U.S. federal income tax purposes, as evidenced by an Opinion of Counsel;

 

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(xv) modify the procedures set forth in this Indenture relating to compliance with Rule 17g-5 of the Exchange Act; provided that the change would not materially increase the obligations of the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator, Trustee, any paying agent, the Operating Advisor, the Servicer or the Special Servicer (in each case, without such party’s consent) and would not adversely affect in any material respect the interests of any Noteholder or Holder of the Preferred Shares; provided, further, that the Collateral Manager must provide a copy of any such amendment to the 17g-5 Information Provider for posting to the Rule 17g-5 Website and provide notice of any such amendment to the Rating Agencies;

(xvi) at the direction of 100% of the holders of the Preferred Shares (including any party that shall become the beneficial owner of 100% of the Preferred Shares because of a default under any financing arrangement for which the Preferred Shares are security), modify the provisions of this Indenture to adopt restrictions provided by tax counsel in order to prevent the Issuer from being treated as a foreign corporation that is engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes or otherwise become subject to U.S. federal withholding tax or U.S. federal income tax on a net basis;

(xvii) make such changes (including the removal and appointment of any listing agent, transfer agent, paying agent or other additional registrar in Ireland) as shall be necessary or advisable in order for the Offered Notes to be or to remain listed on an exchange, including The Irish Stock Exchange plc trading as Euronext Dublin, and otherwise to amend this Indenture to incorporate any changes required or requested by governmental authority, stock exchange authority, listing agent, transfer agent, paying agent or additional registrar for the Notes in connection therewith; and

(xviii) make any change to any other provisions with respect to matters or questions arising under this Indenture; provided that the required action will not adversely affect in any material respect the interests of any Noteholder not consenting thereto, as evidenced by (A) an Opinion of Counsel or (B) satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition.

The Note Administrator and Trustee are each hereby authorized to join in the execution of any such supplemental indenture and to make any further appropriate agreements and stipulations which may be therein contained, but the Note Administrator and Trustee shall not be obligated to enter into any such supplemental indenture which affects the Note Administrator’s or Trustee’s own rights, duties, liabilities or immunities under this Indenture or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

 

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(b) Notwithstanding Section 8.1(a) or any other provision of this Indenture, without prior notice to, and without the consent of the Holders of any Notes or any Preferred Shareholders, and without satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, when authorized by Board Resolutions of the Co-Issuers, the Trustee and the Note Administrator, may enter into one or more indentures supplemental hereto, in form satisfactory to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, for any of the following purposes:

(i) conform this Indenture to the provisions described in the Offering Memorandum (or any supplement thereto);

(ii) to correct any defect or ambiguity in this Indenture in order to address any manifest error, omission or mistake in any provision of this Indenture; and

(iii) at the direction of the Collateral Manager and without the consent of the Noteholders, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee shall enter into a supplemental indenture to provide for the Notes of each Class to bear interest based on an industry benchmark rate selected by the Collateral Manager that is comparable to LIBOR and generally accepted in the financial markets as the sole or predominant replacement benchmark to LIBOR (the “Successor Benchmark Rate”) plus the Successor Benchmark Rate Spread from and after a Payment Date specified in such supplemental indenture; provided that no such supplemental indenture shall become effective unless the Rating Agency Condition has been satisfied with respect thereto. In no event shall the Trustee or the Note Administrator be liable for entering into such supplemental indenture without the affirmative consent of a majority or more of any Class of Notes.

(c) In the event that any or all restrictions and/or limitations under the Regulation RR or European Union laws or regulations relating to risk retention requirements in securitization transaction are withdrawn, repealed or modified to be less restrictive on the Sponsor, at the request of the Sponsor and, in the case of the EU Risk Retention Laws, Retention Holder, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Trustee and the Note Administrator agree to modify any corresponding terms of this Indenture in accordance with Section 8.1(a)(xii) to reflect any such withdrawal, repeal or modification.

Section 8.2 Supplemental Indentures with Consent of Securityholders.

Except as set forth below, the Note Administrator, the Trustee and the Co-Issuers may enter into one or more indentures supplemental hereto to add any provisions to, or change in any manner or eliminate any of the provisions of, this Indenture or modify in any manner the rights of the Holders of any Class of Notes or the Preferred Shares under this Indenture only (x) with the written consent of the Holders of at least Majority in Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes of each Class materially and adversely affected thereby (excluding any Notes owned by the Issuer, the Collateral Manager or any of their Affiliates) and the Holder of Preferred Shares if materially and adversely affected thereby, by Act of said Securityholders delivered to the Trustee, the Note Administrator and the Co-Issuers, and (y) subject to satisfaction of the Rating Agency Condition, notice of which may be in electronic form. The Note Administrator shall provide (x) fifteen (15) Business Days’ notice of such change to the Holders of each Class of Notes and the Holder of the Preferred Shares, requesting notification by such Noteholders and Holders of the Preferred Shares if any such Noteholders or Holders of the Preferred Shares would be materially and adversely affected by the proposed supplemental indenture and (y) following such initial fifteen (15) Business Day period, the Note Administrator shall provide an additional fifteen (15) Business

 

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Days’ notice to any holder of Notes or Preferred Shares that did not respond to the initial notice. Unless the Note Administrator is notified (after giving such initial fifteen (15) Business Days’ notice and a second fifteen (15) Business Days’ notice, as applicable) by Holders of at least a Majority in Aggregate Outstanding Amount (excluding any Notes owned by the Seller, the Collateral Manager or any of their affiliates or by any accounts managed by them) of the Notes of any Class that such Class of Notes or a Majority of Preferred Shareholders will be materially and adversely affected by the proposed supplemental indenture (and upon receipt of an Officer’s Certificate of the Collateral Manager), the interests of such Class and the interests of the Preferred Shares will be deemed not to be materially and adversely affected by such proposed supplemental indenture and the Trustee will be permitted to enter into such supplemental indenture. Such determinations shall be conclusive and binding on all present and future Noteholders. The consent of the Holders of the Preferred Shares shall be binding on all present and future Holders of the Preferred Shares.

Without the consent of (x) all of the Holders of each Outstanding Class of Notes materially adversely affected and (y) all of the Holders of the Preferred Shares materially adversely affected thereby, no supplemental indenture may:

(a) change the Stated Maturity Date of the principal of or the due date of any installment of interest on any Note, reduce the principal amount thereof or the Note Interest Rate thereon or the Redemption Price with respect to any Note, change the date of any scheduled distribution on the Preferred Shares, or the Redemption Price with respect thereto, change the earliest date on which any Note may be redeemed at the option of the Issuer, change the provisions of this Indenture that apply proceeds of any Collateral to the payment of principal of or interest on Notes or of distributions to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for the payment of distributions in respect of the Preferred Shares or change any place where, or the coin or currency in which, any Note or the principal thereof or interest thereon is payable, or impair the right to institute suit for the enforcement of any such payment on or after the Stated Maturity Date thereof (or, in the case of redemption, on or after the applicable Redemption Date);

(b) reduce the percentage of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of Holders of Notes of each Class or the Notional Amount of Preferred Shares of the Holders thereof whose consent is required for the authorization of any such supplemental indenture or for any waiver of compliance with certain provisions of this Indenture or certain Defaults hereunder or their consequences provided for in this Indenture;

(c) impair or adversely affect the Collateral except as otherwise permitted in this Indenture;

(d) permit the creation of any lien ranking prior to or on a parity with the lien of this Indenture with respect to any part of the Collateral or terminate such lien on any property at any time subject hereto or deprive the Holder of any Note of the security afforded to such Holder by the lien of this Indenture;

(e) reduce the percentage of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of Holders of Notes of each Class whose consent is required to request the Trustee to preserve the Collateral or rescind any election to preserve the Collateral pursuant to Section 5.5 or to sell or liquidate the Collateral pursuant to Section 5.4 or 5.5 hereof;

 

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(f) modify any of the provisions of this Section 8.2, except to increase any percentage of Outstanding Notes whose holders’ consent is required for any such action or to provide that other provisions of this Indenture cannot be modified or waived without the consent of the Holder of each Outstanding Note affected thereby;

(g) modify the definition of the term “Outstanding” or the provisions of Section 11.1(a) or Section 13.1 hereof;

(h) modify any of the provisions of this Indenture in such a manner as to affect the calculation of the amount of any payment of interest on or principal of any Note on any Payment Date or of distributions to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for the payment of distributions in respect of the Preferred Shares on any Payment Date (or any other date) or to affect the rights of the Securityholders to the benefit of any provisions for the redemption of such Securities contained herein;

(i) reduce the permitted minimum denominations of the Notes below the minimum denomination necessary to maintain an exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act or the 1940 Act; or

(j) modify any provisions regarding non- recourse or non-petition covenants with respect to the Issuer and the Co-Issuer.

The Trustee and Note Administrator shall be entitled to rely upon an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer (or Collateral Manager on its behalf) in determining whether or not the Securityholders would be materially or adversely affected by such change (after giving notice of such change to the Securityholders). Such determination shall be conclusive and binding on all present and future Securityholders. Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable for any such determination made in good faith.

Section 8.3 Execution of Supplemental Indentures.

In executing or accepting the additional trusts created by any supplemental indenture permitted by this Article 8 or the modifications thereby of the trusts created by this Indenture, the Note Administrator and Trustee shall be entitled to receive, and shall be fully protected in relying upon, an Opinion of Counsel stating that the execution of such supplemental indenture is authorized or permitted by this Indenture and that all conditions precedent thereto have been satisfied (which Opinion of Counsel may rely upon an Officer’s Certificate as to whether or not the Securityholders would be materially and adversely affected by such supplemental indenture). The Note Administrator and Trustee may, but shall not be obligated to, enter into any such supplemental indenture which affects its own rights, duties or immunities under this Indenture or otherwise.

 

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Pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement, the Servicer and Special Servicer will be bound to follow any amendment or supplement to this Indenture of which it has received written notice at least ten Business Days prior to the execution and delivery of such amendment or supplement; provided, however, that with respect to any amendment or supplement to this Indenture which may, in the judgment of the Servicer or the Special Servicer adversely affect the Servicer or the Special Servicer, the Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, shall not be bound (and the Issuer agrees that it will not permit any such amendment to become effective) unless the Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, gives written consent to the Note Administrator, the Trustee and the Issuer to such amendment. The Issuer, the Trustee and the Note Administrator shall give written notice to the Servicer and Special Servicer of any amendment made to this Indenture pursuant to its terms. In addition, the Servicer and Special Servicer’s written consent shall be required prior to any amendment to this Indenture by which it is adversely affected.

The Collateral Manager will be bound to follow any amendment or supplement to this Indenture, a copy of which it has received at least ten (10) Business Days prior to the execution and delivery of such amendment; provided, however, that with respect to any amendment or supplement to this Indenture which may, in the judgment of the Collateral Manager, adversely affect it, the Collateral Manager will not be bound (and the Issuer agrees that it will not permit any such amendment to become effective) unless the Collateral Manager gives written consent to the Trustee and the Issuer to such amendment. The Issuer and the Trustee will give written notice to the Collateral Manager of any amendment made to this Indenture pursuant to its terms. In addition, the Collateral Manager’s written consent will be required prior to any amendment to this Indenture by which it is adversely affected.

The Sponsor’s written consent shall be required prior to any amendment to this Indenture by which the Sponsor is adversely affected.

At the cost of the Issuer, the Note Administrator shall provide to each Noteholder, each holder of Preferred Shares and, for so long as any Class of Notes shall remain Outstanding and is rated, the Note Administrator shall provide to the 17g-5 Information Provider and the Rating Agencies a copy of any proposed supplemental indenture at least 15 Business Days prior to the execution thereof by the Note Administrator, and following execution shall provide to the 17g-5 Information Provider and the Rating Agencies a copy of the executed supplemental indenture.

The Trustee shall not enter into any such supplemental indenture (i) if such action would adversely affect the tax treatment of the Holders of the Notes as described in the Offering Memorandum under the heading “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” to any material extent or otherwise cause any of the statements described in the Offering Memorandum under the heading “Certain U.S. Federal Income Tax Considerations” to be inaccurate or incorrect to any material extent, and (ii) unless the Trustee and the Note Administrator has received an Opinion of Counsel from Dechert LLP, Vinson & Elkins LLP or other nationally recognized U.S. tax counsel experienced in such matters that the proposed supplemental indenture will not cause the Issuer to be treated as a foreign corporation that is engaged in a trade or business within the United States for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Trustee and the Note Administrator shall be entitled to rely upon (i) the receipt of notice from the Rating Agencies or the Requesting Party, which may be in electronic form, that the Rating Agency Condition has been satisfied and (ii) receipt of an Opinion of Counsel forwarded to the Trustee and Note Administrator certifying that, following provision of notice of such supplemental indenture to the Noteholders and holders of the Preferred Shares, that the Securityholders would not be materially and adversely affected by such supplemental indenture. Such determination shall be conclusive and binding on all present and future Securityholders. Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall be liable for any such determination made in good faith and in reliance upon such Opinion of Counsel, as the case may be.

 

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It shall not be necessary for any Act of Securityholders under this Section 8.3 to approve the particular form of any proposed supplemental indenture, but it shall be sufficient if such Act shall approve the substance thereof.

Promptly after the execution by the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee of any supplemental indenture pursuant to this Section 8.3, the Note Administrator, at the expense of the Issuer, shall mail to the Securityholders, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Sponsor and, so long as the Notes are Outstanding and so rated, the Rating Agencies a copy thereof based on an outstanding rating. Any failure of the Trustee and the Note Administrator to publish or mail such notice, or any defect therein, shall not, however, in any way impair or affect the validity of any such supplemental indenture.

Section 8.4 Effect of Supplemental Indentures.

Upon the execution of any supplemental indenture under this Article 8, this Indenture shall be modified in accordance therewith, such supplemental indenture shall form a part of this Indenture for all purposes and every Holder of Notes theretofore and thereafter authenticated and delivered hereunder, and every Holder of Preferred Shares, shall be bound thereby.

Section 8.5 Reference in Notes to Supplemental Indentures.

Notes authenticated and delivered after the execution of any supplemental indenture pursuant to this Article 8 may, and if required by the Note Administrator shall, bear a notice in form approved by the Note Administrator as to any matter provided for in such supplemental indenture. If the Issuer and the Co-Issuer shall so determine, new Notes, so modified as to conform in the opinion of the Note Administrator and the Issuer and the Co-Issuer to any such supplemental indenture, may be prepared and executed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer and authenticated and delivered by the Note Administrator in exchange for Outstanding Notes. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any Note authenticated and delivered hereunder shall be subject to the terms and provisions of this Indenture, and any supplemental indenture.

 

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ARTICLE 9

REDEMPTION OF SECURITIES; REDEMPTION PROCEDURES

Section 9.1 Clean-up Call; Tax Redemption; Optional Redemption; and Auction Call Redemption.

(a) The Notes shall be redeemed by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, as applicable, at the direction of the Collateral Manager by written notice to the Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee (such redemption, a “Clean-up Call”), in whole but not in part, at a price equal to the applicable Redemption Prices on any Payment Date (the “Clean-up Call Date”) on or after the Payment Date on which the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Offered Notes (excluding Deferred Interest amounts) has been reduced to 10% or less of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Offered Notes on the Closing Date; provided that that the funds available to be used for such Clean-up Call will be sufficient to pay the Total Redemption Price. Disposition of Collateral in connection with a Clean-up Call may include sales of Collateral to more than one purchaser, including by means of sales of participation interests in one or more Participated Mortgage Loans to more than one purchaser.

(b) The Notes shall be redeemable by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, as applicable, in whole but not in part, at the written direction of a Majority of Preferred Shareholders delivered to the Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee, on the Payment Date following the occurrence of a Tax Event if the Tax Materiality Condition is satisfied at a price equal to the applicable Redemption Prices (such redemption, a “Tax Redemption”); provided that that the funds available to be used for such Tax Redemption will be sufficient to pay the Total Redemption Price. Upon the receipt of such written direction of a Tax Redemption, the Note Administrator shall provide written notice thereof to the Securityholders and the Rating Agencies. Any sale or disposition of a Mortgage Asset by the Special Servicer in connection with a Tax Redemption shall be performed upon Issuer Order by the Special Servicer on behalf of the Issuer.

(c) The Notes shall be redeemable by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, as applicable, in whole but not in part, and without payment of any penalty or premium, at a price equal to the applicable Redemption Prices, on any Payment Date after the end of the Non-call Period, at the written direction of a Majority of the Preferred Shareholders to the Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee (such redemption, an “Optional Redemption”); provided, however, that the funds available to be used for such Optional Redemption will be sufficient to pay the Total Redemption Price. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Issuer shall not sell any Mortgage Asset to any affiliate other than Retention Holder in connection with an Optional Redemption.

(d) The Notes shall be redeemable by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, as applicable, in whole but not in part, at a price equal to the applicable Redemption Prices, on any Payment Date occurring in January, April, July or October in each year, beginning on the Payment Date occurring in December 2028, upon the occurrence of a Successful Auction, as defined in, and pursuant to the procedures set forth in, Section 3.18(b) of the Servicing Agreement (such redemption, an “Auction Call Redemption”).

(e) The election by the Collateral Manager to redeem the Notes pursuant to a Clean-up Call shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate from the Collateral Manager directing the Note Administrator to pay to the Paying Agent the Redemption Price of all of the Notes to be redeemed from funds in the Payment Account in accordance with the Priority of Payments. In connection with a Tax Redemption, the occurrence of a Tax Event and satisfaction of the Tax Materiality Condition and the election by a Majority of Preferred Shareholders to redeem the Notes pursuant to a Tax Redemption shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate from the Collateral Manager certifying that such conditions for a Tax Redemption have occurred. The election by a Majority of Preferred Shareholders to redeem the Notes pursuant to an Optional Redemption shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate from the Collateral Manager certifying that the conditions for an Optional Redemption have occurred.

 

 

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(f) A redemption pursuant to Section 9.1(a), 9.1(b) or 9.1(c) shall not occur unless (i) at least five (5) Business Days before the scheduled Redemption Date, (A) the Collateral Manager shall have furnished to the Trustee and the Note Administrator evidence (in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee and the Note Administrator) that the Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, has entered into a binding agreement or agreements with one or more financial institutions whose long-term unsecured debt obligations (other than such obligations whose rating is based on the credit of a Person other than such institution) have a credit rating from Moody’s at least equal to the highest rating of any Notes then Outstanding or whose short-term unsecured debt obligations have a credit rating of “ P-1” or higher by Moody’s (as long as the term of such agreement is 90 days or less), (B) the Rating Agency Condition has been satisfied with respect to the Rating Agencies, (C) at least three (3) Business Days before the scheduled Redemption Date, the Collateral Manager shall have furnished to the Trustee and the Note Administrator evidence (in a form reasonably satisfactory to the Trustee and the Note Administrator) that the Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, has entered into a binding agreement or agreements with Retention Holder to sell (directly or by participation or other arrangement) all or part of the Collateral not later than the scheduled Redemption Date, or (D) at least 3 Business Days prior to the scheduled Redemption Date, TRTX (or an Affiliate or Agent thereof) has priced but not yet closed another securitization transaction, and (ii) the related Sale Proceeds pursuant to clauses (i)(A) or (i)(C) or net proceeds pursuant to clause (i)(D), as applicable, (in immediately available funds), together with all other available funds (including proceeds from the sale of the Collateral, Eligible Investments maturing on or prior to the scheduled Redemption Date, all amounts in the Accounts and available Cash), shall be an aggregate amount sufficient to pay all amounts, payments, fees and expenses in accordance with the Priority of Payments due and owing on such Redemption Date.

Section 9.2 Notice of Redemption.

(a) In connection with a Clean-up Call pursuant to Section 9.1(a), a Tax Redemption pursuant to Section 9.1(b), an Optional Redemption pursuant to Section 9.1(c), or an Auction Call Redemption pursuant to Section 9.1(d), the Note Administrator shall set the applicable Record Date ten (10) Business Days prior to the proposed Redemption Date. The Note Administrator shall deliver to the Rating Agencies any notice received by it from the Issuer or the Special Servicer of such proposed Redemption Date, the applicable Record Date, the principal amount of Notes to be redeemed on such Redemption Date and the Redemption Price of such Notes in accordance with Section 9.1.

(b) Any such notice of an Optional Redemption, Clean-up Call or Tax Redemption may be withdrawn by the Issuer and the Co-Issuer at the direction of the Collateral Manager up to the second Business Day prior to the scheduled Redemption Date by written notice to the Note Administrator, the Trustee, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor and each Holder of Notes to be redeemed. The failure of any Optional Redemption, Clean-up Call or Tax Redemption that is withdrawn in accordance with this Indenture shall not constitute an Event of Default.

 

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Section 9.3 Notice of Redemption or Maturity by the Issuer.

Any sale or disposition of a Mortgage Asset by the Trustee in connection with an Optional Redemption, Clean-up Call, Tax Redemption or Auction Call Redemption shall be performed upon Issuer Order by the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer, and the Trustee shall have no responsibility or liability therefore. Notice of redemption (or a withdrawal thereof) or Clean-up Call pursuant to Section 9.1 or the Maturity of any Notes shall be given by first class mail, postage prepaid, mailed not less than ten (10) Business Days (or, where the notice of an Optional Redemption, a Clean-up Call or a Tax Redemption is withdrawn pursuant to Section 9.2(b), four (4) Business Days (or promptly thereafter upon receipt of written notice, if later)) prior to the applicable Redemption Date or Maturity, to (unless the Note Administrator agrees to a shorter notice period) the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Rating Agencies, and each Securityholder to be redeemed, at its address in the Notes Register.

All notices of redemption shall state:

(a) the applicable Redemption Date;

(b) the applicable Redemption Price;

(c) that all the Notes are being paid in full and that interest on the Notes shall cease to accrue on the Redemption Date specified in the notice; and

(d) the place or places where such Notes to be redeemed in whole are to be surrendered for payment of the Redemption Price which shall be the office or agency of the Paying Agent as provided in Section 7.2.

Notice of redemption shall be given by the Issuer and Co-Issuer, or at their request, by the Note Administrator in their names, and at the expense of the Issuer. Failure to give notice of redemption, or any defect therein, to any Holder of any Note shall not impair or affect the validity of the redemption of any other Notes.

Section 9.4 Notes Payable on Redemption Date.

Notice of redemption having been given as aforesaid, the Notes to be redeemed shall, on the Redemption Date, become due and payable at the Redemption Price therein specified, and from and after the Redemption Date (unless the Issuer shall Default in the payment of the Redemption Price and accrued interest thereon) the Notes shall cease to bear interest on the Redemption Date. Upon final payment on a Note to be redeemed, the Holder shall present and surrender such Note at the place specified in the notice of redemption on or prior to such Redemption Date; provided, however, that if there is delivered to the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee such security or indemnity as may be required by them to hold each of them harmless and an undertaking thereafter to surrender such Note, then, in the absence of notice to the Issuer, the Note Administrator and the Trustee that the applicable Note has been acquired by a bona fide purchaser, such final payment shall be made without presentation or surrender. Payments of interest on the Notes so to be redeemed whose Maturity is on or prior to the Redemption Date shall be payable to the Holders of such Notes, or one or more predecessor Notes, registered as such at the close of business on the relevant Record Date according to the terms and provisions of Section 2.7(f).

 

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If any Note called for redemption shall not be paid upon surrender thereof for redemption, the principal thereof shall, until paid, bear interest from the Redemption Date at the applicable Note Interest Rate for each successive Interest Accrual Period the Note remains Outstanding.

Section 9.5 Mandatory Redemption.

(a) If either of the Note Protection Tests is not satisfied as of the most recent Measurement Date, the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, the Class C Notes and the Class D Notes shall be redeemed (a “Mandatory Redemption”), from Interest Proceeds as set forth in Section 11.1(a)(i)(12) in an amount necessary, and only to the extent necessary, for such Note Protection Test to be satisfied. On or promptly after such Mandatory Redemption, the Issuer shall certify or cause to be certified to the Rating Agencies and the Note Administrator whether the Note Protection Tests have been satisfied.

ARTICLE 10

ACCOUNTS, ACCOUNTINGS AND RELEASES

Section 10.1 Collection of Amounts; Custodial Account.

(a) Except as otherwise expressly provided herein, the Note Administrator may demand payment or delivery of, and shall receive and collect, directly and without intervention or assistance of any fiscal agent or other intermediary, all amounts and other property payable to or receivable by the Note Administrator pursuant to this Indenture, including all payments due on the Collateral in accordance with the terms and conditions of such Collateral. The Note Administrator shall segregate and hold all such amounts and property received by it in an Eligible Account in trust for the Secured Parties, and shall apply such amounts as provided in this Indenture. Any Indenture Account may include any number of subaccounts deemed necessary or appropriate by the Note Administrator for convenience in administering sub account.

(b) The Note Administrator in its capacity as Securities Intermediary on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties (the “Securities Intermediary”) shall, upon receipt, credit all Mortgage Assets and Eligible Investments to an account in its own name for the benefit of the Secured Parties designated as the “Custodial Account.”

Section 10.2 Reinvestment Account.

(a) The Note Administrator shall, on or prior to the Closing Date, establish a single, segregated trust account which shall be designated as the “Reinvestment Account,” which shall be held in trust in the name of the Note Administrator for the benefit of the Secured Parties and over which the Note Administrator shall have exclusive control and the sole right of withdrawal; provided, however, that the Note Administrator shall only withdraw such amounts as directed by the Issuer or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer. All amounts credited to the Reinvestment Account pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(ii) of this Indenture or otherwise shall be held by the Note Administrator as part of the Collateral and shall be applied to the purposes herein provided.

 

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(b) The Note Administrator agrees to give the Issuer and the Collateral Manager prompt notice if it becomes aware that the Reinvestment Account or any funds on deposit therein, or otherwise to the credit of the Reinvestment Account, becomes subject to any writ, order, judgment, warrant of attachment, execution or similar process. The Issuer shall have no legal, equitable or beneficial interest in the Reinvestment Account other than in accordance with the Priority of Payments. The Reinvestment Account shall remain at all times an Eligible Account.

(c) The Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, may direct the Note Administrator to, and upon such direction the Note Administrator shall, invest all funds in the Reinvestment Account in Eligible Investments designated by the Collateral Manager and in accordance with Section 11.2. All interest and other income from such investments shall be deposited in the Reinvestment Account, any gain realized from such investments shall be credited to the Reinvestment Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the Reinvestment Account. The Note Administrator shall not in any way be held liable (except as a result of negligence, willful misconduct or bad faith) by reason of any insufficiency of such Reinvestment Account resulting from any loss relating to any such investment, except with respect to investments in obligations of the Note Administrator or any Affiliate thereof. If the Note Administrator does not receive written investment instructions from an Authorized Officer of the Collateral Manager, funds in the Reinvestment Account shall be held uninvested.

(d) Amounts in the Reinvestment Account shall remain in the Reinvestment Account (or invested in Eligible Investments) until the earlier of (i) the time the Collateral Manager instructs the Note Administrator in writing to transfer any such amounts (or related Eligible Investments) to the Payment Account, (ii) the time the Collateral Manager notifies the Note Administrator in writing that such amounts (or related Eligible Investments) are to be applied to the acquisition of Reinvestment Mortgage Assets in accordance with Section 12.2.(a) and (iii) the later of (x) the first Business Day after the last day of the Reinvestment Period and (y) the last settlement date within 60 days of the last day of the Reinvestment Period of any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset that the Issuer entered into an irrevocable commitment to purchase during the Reinvestment Period. Upon receipt of notice pursuant to clause (i) above and on the date described in clause (iii) above, the Note Administrator shall transfer the applicable amounts (or related Eligible Investments) to the Payment Account, in each case for application on the next Payment Date pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(ii) as Principal Proceeds.

(e) During the Reinvestment Period (and up to 60 days thereafter to the extent necessary to acquire Reinvestment Mortgage Assets pursuant to binding commitments entered into during the Reinvestment Period using Principal Proceeds received during or after the Reinvestment Period), the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer may by notice to the Note Administrator direct the Note Administrator to, and upon receipt of such notice the Note Administrator shall, reinvest amounts (and related Eligible Investments) credited to the Reinvestment Account in Mortgage Loans and Participations selected by the Collateral Manager as permitted under and in accordance with the requirements of Article 12 and such notice. The Note Administrator shall be entitled to conclusively rely on such notice and shall not be required to make any determination as to whether any loans or participations satisfy the Eligibility Criteria or the Reinvestment Criteria.

 

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Section 10.3 Payment Account.

(a) The Note Administrator shall, on or prior to the Closing Date, establish a single, segregated trust account which shall be designated as the “Payment Account,” which shall be held in trust for the benefit of the Secured Parties and over which the Note Administrator shall have exclusive control and the sole right of withdrawal. Any and all funds at any time on deposit in, or otherwise to the credit of, the Payment Account shall be held in trust by the Note Administrator, on behalf of the Trustee for the benefit of the Secured Parties. Except as provided in Sections 11.1 and 11.2, the only permitted withdrawal from or application of funds on deposit in, or otherwise to the credit of, the Payment Account shall be (i) to pay the interest on and the principal of the Notes and make other payments in respect of the Notes in accordance with their terms and the provisions of this Indenture, (ii) to deposit into the Preferred Share Distribution Account for distributions to the Preferred Shareholders, (iii) upon Issuer Order, to pay other amounts specified therein, and (iv) otherwise to pay amounts payable pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, each in accordance with the Priority of Payments.

(b) The Note Administrator agrees to give the Issuer and the Collateral Manager prompt notice if it becomes aware that the Payment Account or any funds on deposit therein, or otherwise to the credit of the Payment Account, becomes subject to any writ, order, judgment, warrant of attachment, execution or similar process. The Issuer shall have no legal, equitable or beneficial interest in the Payment Account other than in accordance with the Priority of Payments. The Payment Account shall remain at all times an Eligible Account.

Section 10.4 [Reserved.]

Section 10.5 Expense Reserve Account.

(a) The Note Administrator shall, on or prior to the Closing Date, establish a single, segregated trust account which shall be designated as the “Expense Reserve Account,” which shall be held in trust in the name of the Note Administrator for the benefit of the Secured Parties and over which the Note Administrator shall have exclusive control and the sole right of withdrawal. The only permitted withdrawal from or application of funds on deposit in, or otherwise standing to the credit of, the Expense Reserve Account shall be to pay (on any day other than a Payment Date), accrued and unpaid Company Administrative Expenses (other than accrued and unpaid expenses and indemnities payable to the Collateral Manager under the Collateral Management Agreement); provided that the Collateral Manager shall be entitled (but not required) without liability on its part, to direct the Note Administrator to refrain from making any such payment of a Company Administrative Expense on any day other than a Payment Date if, in its reasonable determination, taking into account the Priority of Payments, the payment of such amounts is likely to leave insufficient funds available to pay in full each of the items payable prior thereto in the Priority of Payments on the next succeeding Payment Date. Upon direction by the Collateral Manager to the Note Administrator, amounts credited to the Expense Reserve Account may be applied on or prior to the Determination Date preceding the first Payment Date to pay amounts due in connection with the offering of the Notes. On or after the first Payment Date, any

 

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amount remaining in the Expense Reserve Account may, at the election of the Collateral Manager, be designated as Interest Proceeds. On the date on which all or substantially all of the Issuer’s assets have been sold or otherwise disposed of, the Issuer by Issuer Order executed by an Authorized Officer of the Collateral Manager shall direct the Note Administrator to, and upon receipt of such Issuer Order, the Note Administrator shall, transfer all amounts on deposit in the Expense Reserve Account to the Payment Account for application pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(i) as Interest Proceeds.

(b) On each Payment Date, the Collateral Manager may designate Interest Proceeds (in an amount not to exceed U.S.$100,000 on such Payment Date) after application of amounts payable pursuant to clauses (1) through (17) of Section 11.1(a)(i) for deposit into the Expense Reserve Account.

(c) The Note Administrator agrees to give the Issuer and the Collateral Manager prompt notice if it becomes aware that the Expense Reserve Account or any funds on deposit therein, or otherwise to the credit of the Expense Reserve Account, becomes subject to any writ, order, judgment, warrant of attachment, execution or similar process. The Issuer shall have no legal, equitable or beneficial interest in the Expense Reserve Account other than in accordance with the Priority of Payments. The Expense Reserve Account shall remain at all times an Eligible Account.

(d) The Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, may direct the Note Administrator to, and upon such direction the Note Administrator shall, invest all funds in the Expense Reserve Account in Eligible Investments designated by the Collateral Manager. All interest and other income from such investments shall be deposited in the Expense Reserve Account, any gain realized from such investments shall be credited to the Expense Reserve Account, and any loss resulting from such investments shall be charged to the Expense Reserve Account. The Note Administrator shall not in any way be held liable (except as a result of negligence, willful misconduct or bad faith) by reason of any insufficiency of such Expense Reserve Account resulting from any loss relating to any such investment, except with respect to investments in obligations of the Note Administrator or any Affiliate thereof. If the Note Administrator does not receive written investment instructions from an Authorized Officer of the Collateral Manager, funds in the Expense Reserve Account shall be held uninvested.

Section 10.6 [Reserved.]

Section 10.7 Interest Advances.

(a) With respect to each Payment Date for which the sum of Interest Proceeds and, if applicable, Principal Proceeds, collected during the related Due Period and remitted to the Note Administrator that are available to pay interest on the Notes in accordance with the Priority of Payments, are insufficient to remit the interest due and payable with respect to the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes on such Payment Date as a result of interest shortfalls on the Mortgage Assets (or the application of interest received on the Mortgage Assets to pay certain expenses in accordance with the terms of the Servicing Agreement) (the amount of such insufficiency, an “Interest Shortfall”), the Note Administrator shall provide the Advancing Agent with email notice of such Interest Shortfall no later than the close of business on the

 

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Business Day preceding such Payment Date, at the following addresses: [email protected] and [email protected], or such other email address as provided by the Advancing Agent to the Note Administrator. The Note Administrator shall provide the Advancing Agent with additional email notice, prior to any funding of an Interest Advance by the Advancing Agent, of any additional interest remittances received by the Note Administrator after delivery of such initial notice that reduces such Interest Shortfall. No later than 10:00 a.m. (New York time) on the related Payment Date, the Advancing Agent shall advance the difference between such amounts (each such advance, an “Interest Advance”) by deposit of an amount equal to such Interest Advance in the Payment Account, subject to a determination of recoverability by the Advancing Agent as described in Section 10.7(b), and subject to a maximum limit in respect of any Payment Date equal to the lesser of (i) the aggregate of such Interest Shortfalls that would otherwise occur on the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes and (ii) the aggregate of the interest payments not received in respect of Mortgage Assets with respect to such Payment Date (including, for such purpose, interest payments received on the Mortgage Assets but applied to pay certain expenses in accordance with the terms of the Servicing Agreement).

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no circumstance will the Advancing Agent be required to make an Interest Advance in respect of a Mortgage Asset to the extent that the aggregate outstanding amount of all unreimbursed Interest Advances would exceed the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Offered Notes. In addition, in no event will the Advancing Agent or Backup Advancing Agent be required to advance any payments in respect of interest on any Class of Notes other than the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes or principal of any Note. Any Interest Advance made by the Advancing Agent with respect to a Payment Date that is in excess of the actual Interest Shortfall for such Payment Date shall be refunded to the Advancing Agent by the Note Administrator on the related Payment Date (or, if such Interest Advance is made prior to final determination by the Note Administrator of such Interest Shortfall, on the Business Day of such final determination).

The Advancing Agent shall provide the Note Administrator written notice of a determination by the Advancing Agent that a proposed Interest Advance would constitute a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance no later than 10:00 a.m. (New York time) on the related Payment Date. If the Advancing Agent shall fail to make any required Interest Advance by 10:00 a.m. (New York time) on the Payment Date upon which distributions are to be made pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(i), the Collateral Manager shall remove the Advancing Agent in its capacity as advancing agent hereunder as permitted in Section 16.5(d) and the Backup Advancing Agent shall be required to make such Interest Advance no later than 11:00 a.m. (New York time) on the Payment Date, subject to a determination of recoverability by the Backup Advancing Agent as described in Section 10.7(b). Based upon available information at the time, the Backup Advancing Agent, the Advancing Agent or the Collateral Manager, as applicable, will provide 15 days prior notice to the Rating Agencies if recovery of a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance would result in an Interest Shortfall on the next succeeding Payment Date. No later than the close of business on the Determination Date related to a Payment Date on which the recovery of a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance would result in an Interest Shortfall, the Special Servicer will provide the Rating Agencies notice of such recovery.

 

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(b) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, neither the Advancing Agent nor the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, shall be required to make any Interest Advance unless such Person determines, in its sole discretion, exercised in good faith that such Interest Advance, or such proposed Interest Advance, plus interest expected to accrue thereon at the Reimbursement Rate, will not be a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance. In determining whether any proposed Interest Advance will be, or whether any Interest Advance previously made is, a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance, the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, will take into account:

(i) amounts that may be realized on each Mortgaged Property in its “as is” or then-current condition and occupancy;

(ii) the potential length of time before such Interest Advance may be reimbursed and the resulting degree of uncertainty with respect to such reimbursement; and

(iii) the possibility and effects of future adverse changes with respect to the Mortgaged Properties, and

(iv) the fact that Interest Advances are intended to provide liquidity only and not credit support to the Holders of any Class of Notes entitled thereto.

For purposes of any such determination of whether an Interest Advance constitutes or would constitute a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance, an Interest Advance will be deemed to be nonrecoverable if the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, determines that future Interest Proceeds and Principal Proceeds may be ultimately insufficient to fully reimburse such Interest Advance, plus interest thereon at the Reimbursement Rate within a reasonable period of time. The Backup Advancing Agent will be entitled to conclusively rely on any affirmative determination by the Advancing Agent that an Interest Advance would have been a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance. Absent bad faith, the determination by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, as to the nonrecoverability of any Interest Advance shall be conclusive and binding on the Holders of the Notes.

(c) Each of the Advancing Agent and the Backup Advancing Agent may recover any previously unreimbursed Interest Advance made by it (including any Nonrecoverable Interest Advance), together with interest thereon, first, from Interest Proceeds and second (to the extent that there are insufficient Interest Proceeds for such reimbursement), from Principal Proceeds to the extent that such reimbursement would not trigger an additional Interest Shortfall; provided that if at any time an Interest Advance is determined to be a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance, the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent shall be entitled to recover all outstanding Interest Advances from the Collection Account pursuant to the Servicing Agreement on any Business Day during any Interest Accrual Period prior to the related Determination Date. The Advancing Agent shall be permitted (but not obligated) to defer or otherwise structure the timing of recoveries of Nonrecoverable Interest Advances in such manner as the Advancing Agent determines is in the best interest of the Holders of the Notes, as a collective whole, which may include being reimbursed for Nonrecoverable Interest Advances in installments.

(d) The Advancing Agent and the Backup Advancing Agent will each be entitled with respect to any Interest Advance made by it (including Nonrecoverable Interest Advances) to interest accrued on the amount of such Interest Advance for so long as it is outstanding at the Reimbursement Rate.

 

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(e) The obligations of the Advancing Agent and the Backup Advancing Agent to make Interest Advances in respect of the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes will continue through the Stated Maturity Date, unless the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes and the Class B Notes are previously redeemed or repaid in full.

(f) In no event will the Advancing Agent, in its capacity as such hereunder or the Note Administrator, in its capacity as Backup Advancing Agent hereunder, be required to advance any amounts in respect of payments of principal of any Mortgage Asset or Note.

(g) In consideration of the performance of its obligations hereunder, the Advancing Agent shall be entitled to receive, at the times set forth herein and subject to the Priority of Payments, to the extent funds are available therefor, the Advancing Agent Fee. For so long as Seller (or any of its Affiliates) is the Advancing Agent and Retention Holder (or any of its Affiliates) owns the Preferred Shares, the Advancing Agent hereby agrees, on behalf of itself and its affiliates, to waive its rights to receive the Advancing Agent Fee and any Reimbursement Interest. The Note Administrator shall not be entitled to an additional fee in respect of its role as Backup Advancing Agent. If the Advancing Agent is terminated for failing to make an Interest Advance hereunder (as provided in Section 16.5(d)) (or for failing to make a Servicing Advance under the Servicing Agreement) that the Advancing Agent did not determine to be nonrecoverable, the Backup Advancing Agent or any applicable subsequent successor advancing agent will be entitled to receive the Advancing Agent Fee (plus Reimbursement Interest on any Interest Advance made by the Backup Advancing Agent or applicable subsequent successor advancing agent) and shall be required to make Interest Advances until a successor advancing agent is appointed under this Indenture.

(h) The determination by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent (in its capacity as successor Advancing Agent), as applicable, (i) that it has made a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance (together with Reimbursement Interest thereon) or (ii) that any proposed Interest Advance, if made, would constitute a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance, shall be evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate delivered promptly to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Issuer and the 17g-5 Information Provider, setting forth the basis for such determination; provided that failure to give such notice, or any defect therein, shall not impair or affect the validity of, or the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, entitlement to reimbursement with respect to, any Interest Advance.

Section 10.8 Reports by Parties.

(a) The Note Administrator shall supply, in a timely fashion, to the Issuer, the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer and the Collateral Manager any information regularly maintained by the Note Administrator that the Issuer, the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Collateral Manager may from time to time request in writing with respect to the Collateral or the Indenture Accounts and provide any other information reasonably available to the Note Administrator by reason of its acting as Note Administrator hereunder and required to be provided by Section 10.9 or to permit the Collateral Manager to perform its obligations under the Collateral

 

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Management Agreement. Each of the Issuer, the Servicer, and the Special Servicer shall promptly forward to the Collateral Manager, the Trustee and the Note Administrator any information in their possession or reasonably available to them concerning any of the Collateral that the Trustee or the Note Administrator reasonably may request or that reasonably may be necessary to enable the Note Administrator to prepare any report or to enable the Trustee or the Note Administrator to perform any duty or function on its part to be performed under the terms of this Indenture.

Section 10.9 Reports; Accountings.

(a) Based on the CREFC® Loan Periodic Update File prepared by the Servicer and delivered by the Servicer to the Note Administrator no later than 2:00 p.m. (New York time) on the second Business Day before the Payment Date, the Note Administrator shall prepare and make available on its website initially located at www.ctslink.com (or, upon written request from registered Holders of the Notes or from those parties that cannot receive such statement electronically, provide by first class mail), on each Payment Date to Privileged Persons, a report substantially in the form of Exhibit G hereto (the “Monthly Report”), setting forth the following information:

(i) the amount of the distribution of principal and interest on such Payment Date to the Noteholders and any reduction of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes;

(ii) the aggregate amount of compensation paid to the Note Administrator, the Trustee and servicing compensation paid to the Servicer during the related Due Period;

(iii) the Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance outstanding immediately before and immediately after the Payment Date;

(iv) the number, Aggregate Outstanding Portfolio Balance, weighted average remaining term to maturity and weighted average interest rate of the Mortgage Assets as of the end of the related Due Period;

(v) the number and aggregate principal balance of Mortgage Assets that are (A) delinquent 30-59 days, (B) delinquent 60-89 days, (C) delinquent 90 days or more and (D) current but Specially Serviced Mortgage Loans or in foreclosure but not an REO Property;

(vi) the value of any REO Property owned by the Issuer or any Permitted Subsidiary as of the end of the related Due Period, on an individual Mortgage Asset basis, based on the most recent appraisal or valuation;

(vii) the amount of Interest Proceeds and Principal Proceeds received in the related Due Period;

(viii) the amount of any Interest Advances made by the Advancing Agent or the Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable;

 

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(ix) the payments due pursuant to the Priority of Payments with respect to each clause thereof;

(x) the number and related principal balances of any Mortgage Assets that have been (or are related to Mortgage Loans that have been) extended or modified during the related Due Period on an individual Mortgage Asset basis;

(xi) the amount of any remaining unpaid Interest Shortfalls as of the close of business on the Payment Date;

(xii) a listing of each Mortgage Asset that was the subject of a principal prepayment during the related collection period and the amount of principal prepayment occurring;

(xiii) the aggregate unpaid principal balance of the Mortgage Assets outstanding as of the close of business on the related Determination Date;

(xiv) with respect to any Mortgage Asset as to which a liquidation occurred during the related Due Period (other than through a payment in full), (A) the number thereof and (B) the aggregate of all liquidation proceeds which are included in the Payment Account and other amounts received in connection with the liquidation (separately identifying the portion thereof allocable to distributions of the Notes);

(xv) with respect to any REO Property owned by the Issuer or any Permitted Subsidiary thereof, as to which the Special Servicer determined that all payments or recoveries with respect to the related property have been ultimately recovered during the related collection period, (A) the related Mortgage Asset and (B) the aggregate of all liquidation proceeds and other amounts received in connection with that determination (separately identifying the portion thereof allocable to distributions on the Securities);

(xvi) the amount on deposit in the Expense Reserve Account;

(xvii) the aggregate amount of interest on monthly debt service advances in respect of the Mortgage Assets paid to the Advancing Agent and/or the Backup Advancing Agent since the prior Payment Date;

(xviii) a listing of each modification, extension or waiver made with respect to each Mortgage Asset;

(xix) an itemized listing of any Special Servicing Fees received from the Special Servicer or any of its affiliates during the related Due Period;

(xx) the amount of any dividends or other distributions to the Preferred Shares on the Payment Date; and

(xxi) the Net Outstanding Portfolio Balance and whether any Special Servicer Consultation Event, Special Servicer Review Event or Operating Advisor Termination Event has occurred and, if either such event has occurred, whether either such event is continuing.

 

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(b) The Note Administrator will post on the Note Administrator’s Website, any report received from the Servicer or Special Servicer detailing any breach of the representations and warranties with respect to any Mortgage Asset by the Seller or any of its affiliates and the steps taken by the Seller or any of its affiliates to cure such breach; a listing of any breach of the representations and warranties with respect to any Mortgage Asset by the Seller or any of its affiliates and the steps taken by the Seller or any of its affiliates to cure such breach;

(c) All information made available on the Note Administrator’s Website will be restricted and the Note Administrator will only provide access to such reports to Privileged Persons in accordance with this Indenture. In connection with providing access to its website, the Note Administrator may require registration and the acceptance of a disclaimer.

(d) Not more than five (5) Business Days after receiving an Issuer Request requesting information regarding a Clean-up Call, a Tax Redemption, an Auction Call Redemption or an Optional Redemption as of a proposed Redemption Date, the Note Administrator shall, subject to its timely receipt of the necessary information to the extent not in its possession, compute the following information and provide such information in a statement (the “Redemption Date Statement”) delivered to the Preferred Shareholders and the Preferred Share Paying Agent:

(i) the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Notes of the Class or Classes to be redeemed as of such Redemption Date;

(ii) the amount of accrued interest due on such Notes as of the last day of the Due Period immediately preceding such Redemption Date;

(iii) the Redemption Price;

(iv) the sum of all amounts due and unpaid under Section 11.1(a) (other than amounts payable on the Notes being redeemed or to the Noteholders thereof); and

(v) the amount in the Collection Account and the Indenture Accounts (other than the Preferred Share Distribution Account) available for application to the redemption of such Notes.

(e) The Issuer shall provide quarterly updates on the status of the business plan for each Mortgage Asset, which reports shall be posted to the Note Administrator’s Website.

Section 10.10 Release of Mortgage Assets; Release of Collateral.

(a) If no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing and subject to Article 12 hereof, the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on its behalf) may direct the Special Servicer on behalf of the Trustee to release a Pledged Mortgage Asset from the lien of this Indenture, by Issuer Order delivered to the Trustee and the Custodian at least two (2) Business Days prior to the settlement date for any sale of a Pledged Mortgage Asset, which Issuer Order shall be accompanied by a certification of the Collateral Manager (i) that the Pledged Mortgage Asset has been sold

 

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pursuant to and in compliance with Article 12 or (ii) in the case of a redemption pursuant to Section 9.1, the proceeds from any such sale of Mortgage Assets are sufficient to redeem the Notes pursuant to Section 9.1, and, upon receipt of a Release Request of such Mortgage Asset from the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, the Custodian shall deliver any such Pledged Mortgage Asset, if in physical form, duly endorsed to the broker or purchaser designated in such Issuer Order or to the Issuer if so requested in the Issuer Order, or, if such Pledged Mortgage Asset is represented by a Security Entitlement, cause an appropriate transfer thereof to be made, in each case against receipt of the sales price therefor as set forth in such Issuer Order. If requested, the Custodian may deliver any such Pledged Mortgage Asset in physical form for examination (prior to receipt of the sales proceeds) in accordance with street delivery custom. The Custodian shall (i) deliver any agreements and other documents in its possession relating to such Pledged Mortgage Asset and (ii) the Trustee, if applicable, duly assign each such agreement and other document, in each case, to the broker or purchaser designated in such Issuer Order or to the Issuer if so requested in the Issuer Order.

(b) The Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer) may deliver to the Trustee and Custodian at least three (3) Business Days prior to the date set for redemption or payment in full of a Pledged Mortgage Asset, an Issuer Order certifying that such Pledged Mortgage Asset is being paid in full. Thereafter, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, by delivery of a Release Request, may direct the Custodian to deliver such Pledged Mortgage Asset and the related Mortgage Asset File therefor on or before the date set for redemption or payment, to the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer for redemption against receipt of the applicable redemption price or payment in full thereof.

(c) With respect to any Mortgage Asset subject to a workout or restructuring, the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer) may, by Issuer Order delivered to the Trustee and Custodian at least two (2) Business Days prior to the date set for an exchange, tender or sale, certify that a Mortgage Asset is subject to a workout or restructuring and setting forth in reasonable detail the procedure for response thereto. Thereafter, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer may, in accordance with the terms of, and subject to any required consent and consultation obligations set forth in the Servicing Agreement, direct the Custodian, by delivery to the Custodian of a Release Request, to deliver any Collateral to the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer in accordance with such Release Request.

(d) The Special Servicer shall remit to the Servicer for deposit into the Collection Account any proceeds received by it from the disposition of a Pledged Mortgage Asset and treat such proceeds as Principal Proceeds, for remittance by the Servicer to the Note Administrator on the first Remittance Date occurring thereafter. None of the Trustee, the Note Administrator or the Securities Intermediary shall be responsible for any loss resulting from delivery or transfer of any such proceeds prior to receipt of payment in accordance herewith.

(e) The Trustee shall, upon receipt of an Issuer Order declaring that there are no Notes Outstanding and all obligations of the Issuer hereunder have been satisfied, release the Collateral from the lien of this Indenture.

 

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(f) Upon receiving actual notice of any offer or any request for a waiver, consent, amendment or other modification with respect to any Mortgage Asset, or in the event any action is required to be taken in respect to an Asset Document, the Special Servicer on behalf of the Issuer will promptly notify the Collateral Manager, the Operating Advisor and the Servicer of such request, and the Special Servicer shall grant any waiver or consent, and enter into any amendment or other modification pursuant to the Servicing Agreement in accordance with the Servicing Standard. In the case of any modification or amendment that results in the release of the related Mortgage Asset, notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 5.5(a), the Custodian, upon receipt of a Release Request, shall release the related Mortgage Asset File upon the written instruction of the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable.

Section 10.11 [Reserved.]

Section 10.12 Information Available Electronically.

(a) The Note Administrator shall make available to any Privileged Person the following items (in each case, as applicable, to the extent received by it) by means of the Note Administrator’s Website the following items (to the extent such items were prepared by or delivered to the Note Administrator in electronic format);

(i) The following documents, which will initially be available under a tab or heading designated “deal documents”:

(1) the final Offering Memorandum related to the Notes offered thereunder;

(2) this Indenture, and any schedules, exhibits and supplements thereto;

(3) the CREFC® Loan Setup file;

(4) the Issuer Charter,

(5) the Servicing Agreement, any schedules, exhibits and supplements thereto:

(6) the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement, and any schedules, exhibits and supplements thereto;

(ii) The following documents will initially be available under a tab or heading designated “periodic reports”:

(1) the Monthly Reports prepared by the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 10.9(a); and

(2) certain information and reports specified in the Servicing Agreement (including the collection of reports specified by CRE Finance Council or any successor organization reasonably acceptable to the Note Administrator and the Servicer) known as the “CREFC® Investor Reporting Package” relating to the Mortgage Assets to the extent that the Note Administrator receives such information and reports from the Servicer from time to time;

 

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(iii) The following documents, which will initially be available under a tab or heading designated “Additional Documents”:

(1) inspection reports delivered to the Note Administrator under the terms of the Servicing Agreement;

(2) appraisals delivered to the Note Administrator under the terms of the Servicing Agreement;

(3) any quarterly updates on the status of the business plan for each Mortgage Asset delivered by the Issuer to the Note Administrator; and

(4) the Issuer hereby directs the Note Administrator to post any reports or such other information that, from time to time, the Issuer or the Special Servicer provides to the Note Administrator to be made available on the Note Administrator’s Website;

(iv) The following documents, which will initially be available under a tab or heading designated “special notices”:

(1) notice of final payment on the Notes delivered to the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 2.7(d);

(2) notice of termination of the Servicer or the Special Servicer;

(3) notice of a Servicer Termination Event or a Special Servicer Termination Event, each as defined in the Servicing Agreement and delivered to the Note Administrator under the terms of the Servicing Agreement;

(4) notice of the resignation of any party to this Indenture and notice of the acceptance of appointment of a replacement for any such party, to the extent such notice is prepared or received by the Note Administrator;

(5) officer’s certificates supporting the determination that any Interest Advance was (or, if made, would be) a Nonrecoverable Interest Advance delivered to the Note Administrator pursuant to Section 10.7(b);

(6) any direction received by the Note Administrator from the Collateral Manager for the termination of the Special Servicer during any period when such Person is entitled to make such a direction, and any direction of a Majority of the Notes to terminate the Special Servicer in response to the recommendation of the Operating Advisor; and

(7) any direction received by the Note Administrator from a Majority of the Controlling Class or a Supermajority of the Notes for the termination of the Note Administrator or the Trustee pursuant to Section 6.9(c);

 

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(v) the following notices provided by Retention Holder or the Collateral Manager to the Note Administrator, if any, which will initially be available under a tab or heading designated “risk retention special notices”:

(1) any changes to the fair values set forth in the “Credit Risk Retention” section of the Offering Memorandum between the date of the Offering Memorandum and the Closing Date;

(2) any material differences between the valuation methodology or any of the key inputs and assumptions that were used in calculating the fair value or range of fair values prior to the pricing of the Notes and the Closing Date;

(3) any noncompliance of the applicable credit risk retention requirements under the credit risk retention requirements under Section 15G of the Exchange Act by Retention Holder or a Subsequent Retaining Holder as and to the extent the Sponsor is required under the credit risk retention requirements under Section 15G of the Exchange Act; and

(4) any notices required pursuant to the EU Risk Retention Agreement;

(vi) the “Investor Q&A Forum” pursuant to Section 10.13; and

(vii) solely to Noteholders and holders of any Preferred Shares, the “Investor Registry” pursuant to Section 10.13.

Privileged Persons who execute Exhibit H-2 shall only be entitled to access the Monthly Report, and shall not have access to any other information on the Note Administrator’s Website.

The Note Administrator’s Website shall initially be located at www.ctslink.com. The foregoing information shall be made available by the Note Administrator on the Note Administrator’s Website promptly following receipt. The Note Administrator may change the titles of the tabs and headings on portions of its website, and may re-arrange the files as it deems proper. The Note Administrator shall have no obligation or duty to verify, confirm or otherwise determine whether the information being delivered is accurate, complete, conforms to the transaction, or otherwise is or is not anything other than what it purports to be. In the event that any such information is delivered or posted in error, the Note Administrator may remove it from the Note Administrator’s Website. The Note Administrator has not obtained and shall not be deemed to have obtained actual knowledge of any information posted to the Note Administrator’s Website to the extent such information was not produced by the Note Administrator. In connection with providing access to the Note Administrator’s Website, the Note Administrator may require registration and the acceptance of a disclaimer. The Note Administrator shall not be liable for the dissemination of information in accordance with the terms of this Indenture, makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of such information being made available, and assumes no responsibility for such information. Assistance in using the Note Administrator’s Website can be obtained by calling 866-846-4526.

 

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Section 10.13 Investor Q&A Forum; Investor Registry.

(a) The Note Administrator shall make the “Investor Q&A Forum” available to Privileged Persons and prospective purchasers of Notes by means of the Note Administrator’s Website, where Noteholders (including beneficial owners of Notes) may (i) submit inquiries to the Note Administrator relating to the Monthly Reports, and submit inquiries to the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer or, after the occurrence of a Special Servicer Consultation Event with respect to any CLO Controlled Mortgage Asset, the Operating Advisor (each, a “Q&A Respondent”) relating to any servicing reports prepared by that party, the Mortgage Assets, or the properties related thereto (each an “Inquiry” and collectively, “Inquiries”), and (ii) view Inquiries that have been previously submitted and answered, together with the answers thereto. Upon receipt of an Inquiry for a Q&A Respondent, the Note Administrator shall forward the Inquiry to the applicable Q&A Respondent, in each case via email or such other method as the Note Administrator and the Servicer or the Special Servicer agree within a commercially reasonable period of time following receipt thereof. Following receipt of an Inquiry, the Note Administrator and the applicable Q&A Respondent, unless such party determines not to answer such Inquiry as provided below, shall reply to the Inquiry, which reply of the applicable Q&A Respondent shall be by email to the Note Administrator, the Servicer and the Special Servicer or such other method as the Note Administrator and the Servicer or the Special Servicer will agree. The Note Administrator shall post (within a commercially reasonable period of time following preparation or receipt of such answer, as the case may be) such Inquiry and the related answer to the Note Administrator’s Website. If the Note Administrator or the applicable Q&A Respondent determines, in its respective sole discretion, that (i) any Inquiry is not of a type described above, (ii) answering any Inquiry would not be in the best interests of the Issuer or the Noteholders, (iii) answering any Inquiry would be in violation of applicable law, the Asset Documents, the Collateral Management Agreement, this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, (iv) answering any Inquiry would materially increase the duties of, or result in significant additional cost or expense to, the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor, as applicable or (v) answering any such inquiry would reasonably be expected to result in the waiver of an attorney client privilege or the disclosure of attorney work product, or is otherwise not advisable to answer, it shall not be required to answer such Inquiry and shall promptly notify the Note Administrator of such determination. The Note Administrator shall notify the Person who submitted such Inquiry in the event that the Inquiry shall not be answered in accordance with the terms of this Indenture. Any notice by the Note Administrator to the Person who submitted an Inquiry that shall not be answered shall include the following statement: “Because the Indenture and the Servicing Agreement provides that the Note Administrator, Servicer, Special Servicer and Operating Advisor shall not answer an Inquiry if it determines, in its respective sole discretion, that (i) any Inquiry is beyond the scope of the topics described in the Indenture, (ii) answering any Inquiry would not be in the best interests of the Issuer and/or the Noteholders, (iii) answering any Inquiry would be in violation of applicable law or the Asset Documents, this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, (iv) answering any Inquiry would materially increase the duties of, or result in significant additional cost or expense to, the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor, as applicable, or (v) answering any such inquiry would reasonably be expected to result in the waiver of an attorney client privilege or the disclosure of attorney work product, or is otherwise not advisable to answer, no inference shall be drawn from the fact that the Trustee, the Servicer, the Special Servicer or the Operating Advisor has declined to answer the Inquiry.” Answers posted on the Investor Q&A Forum shall

 

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be attributable only to the Q&A Respondent, and shall not be deemed to be answers from any other Person. Any Inquiry and the related answer posted to the Note Administrator’s Website may be amended, modified, deleted or otherwise altered as the Note Administrator, Servicer or Special Servicer, as applicable, may determine in its sole discretion. None of the Placement Agents, the Collateral Manager, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Seller, the Advancing Agent, the Future Funding Indemnitor, Retention Holder, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Note Administrator or the Trustee, or any of their respective Affiliates shall certify to any of the information posted in the Investor Q&A Forum and no such party shall have any responsibility or liability for the content of any such information. The Note Administrator shall not be required to post to the Note Administrator’s Website any Inquiry or answer thereto that the Note Administrator determines, in its sole discretion, is administrative or ministerial in nature. The Investor Q&A Forum shall not reflect questions, answers and other communications that are not submitted via the Note Administrator’s Website. Additionally, the Note Administrator may require acceptance of a waiver and disclaimer for access to the Investor Q&A Forum.

(b) The Note Administrator shall make available to any Noteholder or holder of Preferred Shares and any beneficial owner of a Note, the Investor Registry. The “Investor Registry” shall be a voluntary service available on the Note Administrator’s Website, where Noteholders and beneficial owners of Notes can register and thereafter obtain information with respect to any other Noteholder or beneficial owner that has so registered. Any Person registering to use the Investor Registry shall be required to certify that (i) it is a Noteholder, a beneficial owner of a Note or a holder of a Preferred Share and (ii) it grants authorization to the Note Administrator to make its name and contact information available on the Investor Registry for at least 45 days from the date of such certification to other registered Noteholders and registered beneficial owners or Notes. Such Person shall then be asked to enter certain mandatory fields such as the individual’s name, the company name and email address, as well as certain optional fields such as address, and phone number. If any Noteholder or beneficial owner of a Note notifies the Note Administrator that it wishes to be removed from the Investor Registry (which notice may not be within forty-five (45) days of its registration), the Note Administrator shall promptly remove it from the Investor Registry. The Note Administrator shall not be responsible for verifying or validating any information submitted on the Investor Registry, or for monitoring or otherwise maintaining the accuracy of any information thereon. The Note Administrator may require acceptance of a waiver and disclaimer for access to the Investor Registry.

(c) Certain information concerning the Collateral and the Notes, including the Monthly Reports, CREFC® Reports and supplemental notices, shall be provided by the Note Administrator to certain market data providers upon receipt by the Note Administrator from such persons of a certification in the form of Exhibit I hereto, which certification may be submitted electronically via the Note Administrator’s Website. The Issuer hereby authorizes the provision of such information to Bloomberg L.P., Trepp, LLC, Intex Solutions, Inc., Markit Group Limited, Interactive Data Corp., BlackRock Financial Management, Inc., CMBS.com, Inc., Moody’s Analytics and Thomson Reuters Corporation.

(d) [Reserved.]

 

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(e) The 17g-5 Information Provider will make the “Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Servicer Document Request Tool” available to NRSROs via the 17g-5 Information Providers Website, where NRSROs may (i) submit inquiries to the Trustee relating to the Monthly Report, (ii) submit inquiries to the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer relating to servicing reports prepared by such parties, or the Collateral, except to the extent already obtained, (iii) submit requests for loan-level reports and information, and (iv) view previously submitted inquiries and related answers or reports, as the case may be. Upon receipt of an inquiry or request for the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as the case may be, the 17g-5 Information Provider shall forward such inquiry or request to the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, in each case via email within a commercially reasonable period of time following receipt thereof. The Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, will be required to answer each inquiry, unless it determines that (a) answering the inquiry would be in violation of applicable law, the Servicing Standard, this Indenture, the Servicing Agreement or the applicable loan documents, (b) answering the inquiry would or is reasonably expected to result in a waiver of an attorney-client privilege or the disclosure of attorney work product, or (c) answering the inquiry would materially increase the duties of, or result in significant additional cost or expense to, such party, and the performance of such additional duty or the payment of such additional cost or expense is beyond the scope of its duties under this Indenture or the Servicing Agreement, as applicable. In the event that any of the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Servicer or the Special Servicer declines to answer an inquiry, it shall promptly email the 17g-5 Information Provider with the basis of such declination. The 17g-5 Information Provider will be required to post the inquiries and the related answers (or reports, as applicable) on the Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Servicer Document Request Tool promptly upon receipt, or in the event that an inquiry is unanswered, the inquiry and the basis for which it was unanswered. The Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Servicer Document Request Tool may not reflect questions, answers, or other communications which are not submitted through the 17g-5 Website. Answers and information posted on the Rating Agency Q&A Forum and Servicer Document Request Tool will be attributable only to the respondent, and will not be deemed to be answers from any other Person. No such other Person will have any responsibility or liability for, and will not be deemed to have knowledge of, the content of any such information.

Section 10.14 Certain Procedures.

For so long as the Notes may be transferred only in accordance with Rule 144A, the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on its behalf) will ensure that any Bloomberg screen containing information about the Rule 144A Global Notes includes the following (or similar) language:

(i) the “Note Box” on the bottom of the “Security Display” page describing the Rule 144A Global Notes will state: “Iss’d Under 144A”;

(ii) the “Security Display” page will have the flashing red indicator “See Other Available Information”; and

The indicator will link to the “Additional Security Information” page, which will state that the Notes “are being offered in reliance on the exemption from registration under Rule 144A of the Securities Act to persons who are qualified institutional buyers (as defined in Rule 144A under the Securities Act)”.

 

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ARTICLE 11

APPLICATION OF FUNDS

Section 11.1 Disbursements of Amounts from Payment Account.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision in this Indenture, but subject to the other subsections of this Section 11.1 hereof, on each Payment Date, the Note Administrator shall disburse amounts transferred to the Payment Account in accordance with the following priorities (the “Priority of Payments”):

(i) Interest Proceeds. On each Payment Date that is not a Redemption Date, the Stated Maturity Date or a Payment Date following an acceleration of the Notes as a result of the occurrence and continuation of an Event of Default, Interest Proceeds with respect to the related Due Period shall be distributed in the following order of priority:

(1) to the payment of taxes and filing fees (including any registered office and government fees) owed by the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, if any;

(2) (a) first, to the extent not previously reimbursed, to the Backup Advancing Agent and the Advancing Agent, in that order, the aggregate amount of any Nonrecoverable Interest Advances due and payable to such party; (b) second, to the Advancing Agent (or to the Backup Advancing Agent if the Advancing Agent has failed to make any Interest Advance required to be made by the Advancing Agent pursuant to the terms hereof), the Advancing Agent Fee and any previously due but unpaid Advancing Agent Fee (with respect to amounts owed to the Advancing Agent, unless waived by the Advancing Agent) (provided that the Advancing Agent or Backup Advancing Agent, as applicable, has not failed to make any Interest Advance required to be made in respect of any Payment Date pursuant to the terms of this Indenture); and (c) third, to the Advancing Agent and the Backup Advancing Agent, to the extent due and payable to such party, Reimbursement Interest and reimbursement of any outstanding Interest Advances not to exceed, in each case, the amount that would result in an Interest Shortfall with respect to such Payment Date;

(3) (a) first, pro rata to the payment to the Note Administrator and to the Trustee of the accrued and unpaid fees in respect of their services equal to U.S. $5,000, in each case payable monthly (a portion of which is payable to the Trustee by the Notes Administrator), (b) second, to the payment of other accrued and unpaid Company Administrative Expenses of the Note Administrator, the Trustee, the Paying Agent and the Preferred Share Paying Agent not to exceed the sum of U.S. $250,000 per Expense Year (of which $100,000 will be allocated to the Trustee and $150,000 will be allocated to the Note Administrator (in each of its capacities); provided that any unused portions of the foregoing cap remaining at the end of an Expense Year will be available to pay the Company Administrative Expenses of any of the Note Administrator (in each of its capacities) or the Trustee), and (c) third, to the payment of any other accrued and unpaid Company Administrative Expenses;

 

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(4) to the payment of the Collateral Manager Fee and any previously due but unpaid Collateral Manager Fee (if not waived by the Collateral Manager);

(5) to the payment of the Class A Interest Distribution Amount plus any Class A Defaulted Interest Amount;

(6) to the payment of the Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount plus any Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount;

(7) to the payment of the Class B Interest Distribution Amount plus any Class B Defaulted Interest Amount;

(8) to the payment of the Class C Interest Distribution Amount and, if no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes and Class B Notes are outstanding, any Class C Defaulted Interest Amount;

(9) to the payment of the Class C Deferred Interest Amount (in reduction of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class C Notes);

(10) to the payment of the Class D Interest Distribution Amount and, if no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes and Class C Notes are outstanding, any Class D Defaulted Interest Amount;

(11) to the payment of the Class D Deferred Interest Amount (in reduction of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class D Notes);

(12) if either of the Note Protection Tests is not satisfied as of the Determination Date relating to such Payment Date, to the payment of, first, principal on the Class A Notes, second, principal on the Class A-S Notes, third, principal on the Class B Notes, fourth, principal on the Class C Notes and fifth, principal on the Class D Notes, in each case, to the extent necessary to cause each of the Note Protection Tests to be satisfied or, if sooner, until the Class A Notes, the Class A-S Notes, the Class B Notes, the Class C Notes and the Class D Notes have been paid in full;

(13) to the payment of the Class E Interest Distribution Amount and, if no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes and Class D Notes are outstanding, any Class E Defaulted Interest Amount;

(14) to the payment of the Class E Deferred Interest Amount (in reduction of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class E Notes);

(15) to the payment of the Class F Interest Distribution Amount and, if no Class A Notes, Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes and Class E Notes are outstanding, any Class F Defaulted Interest Amount;

 

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(16) to the payment of the Class F Deferred Interest Amount (in reduction of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of the Class F Notes);

(17) to the payment of any Company Administrative Expenses not paid pursuant to clause (3) above in the order specified therein;

(18) upon direction of the Collateral Manager, for deposit into the Expense Reserve Account in an amount not to exceed U.S.$100,000 in respect of such Payment Date; and

(19) any remaining Interest Proceeds to be released from the lien of this Indenture and paid (upon standing order of the Issuer) to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for deposit into the Preferred Share Distribution Account for distribution to the holder of the Preferred Shares subject to and in accordance with the provisions of the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement.

(ii) Principal Proceeds. On each Payment Date that is not a Redemption Date, the Stated Maturity Date or a Payment Date following an acceleration of the Notes as a result of the occurrence and continuation of an Event of Default, Principal Proceeds with respect to the related Due Period shall be distributed in the following order of priority:

(1) to the payment of the amounts referred to in clauses (1) through (5) of Section 11.1(a)(i) in the same order of priority specified therein, without giving effect to any limitations on amounts payable set forth therein, but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(2) during the Reinvestment Period and for so long as the Note Protection Tests are satisfied, so long as the Issuer is permitted to purchase Reinvestment Mortgage Assets under Section 12.2, at the direction of the Collateral Manager, the amount designated by the Collateral Manager during the related Interest Accrual Period to be deposited into the Reinvestment Account to be held for reinvestment in Reinvestment Mortgage Assets or, pursuant to written direction of the Collateral Manager (on behalf of the Issuer) to be applied to pay the purchase price of Reinvestment Mortgage Assets (it being understood that the Collateral Manager will be deemed to have directed the reinvestment of all Principal Proceeds until such time as it has provided the Note Administrator with a notice to the contrary);

(3) to the payment of principal of the Class A Notes until the Class A Notes have been paid in full;

(4) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (6) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(5) to the payment of principal of the Class A-S Notes until the Class A-S Notes have been paid in full;

 

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(6) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (7) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(7) to the payment of principal of the Class B Notes until the Class B Notes have been paid in full;

(8) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (8) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(9) to the payment of principal of the Class C Notes (including any Class C Deferred Interest Amounts) until the Class C Notes have been paid in full;

(10) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (10) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(11) to the payment of principal of the Class D Notes (including any Class D Deferred Interest Amounts) until the Class D Notes have been paid in full;

(12) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (13) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(13) to the payment of principal of the Class E Notes (including any Class E Deferred Interest Amounts) until the Class E Notes have been paid in full;

(14) to the payment of amounts referred to in clause (15) of Section 11.1(a)(i), but only to the extent not paid in full thereunder;

(15) to the payment of principal of the Class F Notes (including any Class F Deferred Interest Amounts) until the Class F Notes have been paid in full; and

(16) any remaining Principal Proceeds to be released from the lien of this Indenture and paid (upon standing order of the Issuer) to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for deposit into the Preferred Share Distribution Account for distribution to the Holder of the Preferred Shares subject to and in accordance with the provisions of the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement.

(iii) Redemption Dates and Payment Dates During Events of Default. On any Redemption Date, the Stated Maturity Date or a Payment Date following an acceleration of the Notes as a result of the occurrence and continuation of an Event of Default, Interest Proceeds and Principal Proceeds with respect to the related Due Period will be distributed in the following order of priority:

(1) to the payment of the amounts referred to in clauses (1) through (4) of Section 11.1(a)(i) in the same order of priority specified therein, but without giving effect to any limitations on amounts payable set forth therein;

 

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(2) to the payment of any out-of-pocket fees and expenses of the Issuer, the Note Administrator and Trustee (including legal fees and expenses) incurred in connection with an acceleration of the Notes following an Event of Default, including in connection with sale and liquidation of any of the Collateral in connection therewith;

(3) to the payment of the Class A Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class A Defaulted Interest Amount;

(4) to the payment in full of principal of the Class A Notes;

(5) to the payment of the Class A-S Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class A-S Defaulted Interest Amount;

(6) to the payment in full of principal of the Class A-S Notes;

(7) to the payment of the Class B Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class B Defaulted Interest Amount;

(8) to the payment in full of principal of the Class B Notes;

(9) to the payment of the Class C Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class C Defaulted Interest Amount;

(10) to the payment in full of principal of the Class C Notes (including any Class C Deferred Interest Amount);

(11) to the payment of the Class D Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class D Defaulted Interest Amount;

(12) to the payment in full of principal of the Class D Notes (including any Class D Deferred Interest Amount);

(13) to the payment of the Class E Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class E Defaulted Interest Amount;

(14) to the payment in full of principal of the Class E Notes (including any Class E Deferred Interest Amount);

(15) to the payment of the Class F Interest Distribution Amount, plus, any Class F Defaulted Interest Amount;

(16) to the payment in full of the principal of the Class F Notes (including any Class F Deferred Interest Amount); and

(17) any remaining Interest Proceeds and Principal Proceeds to be released from the lien of this Indenture and paid (upon standing order of the Issuer) to the Preferred Share Paying Agent for deposit into the Preferred Share Distribution Account for distribution to the Holder of the Preferred Shares subject to and in accordance with the provisions of the Preferred Share Paying Agency Agreement.

 

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(b) On or before the Business Day prior to each Payment Date, the Issuer shall, pursuant to Section 10.3, remit or cause to be remitted to the Note Administrator for deposit in the Payment Account an amount of Cash sufficient to pay the amounts described in Section 11.1(a) required to be paid on such Payment Date.

(c) If on any Payment Date the amount available in the Payment Account from amounts received in the related Due Period are insufficient to make the full amount of the disbursements required by any clause of Section 11.1(a)(i), Section 11.1(a)(ii) or Section 11.1(a)(iii), such payments will be made to Noteholders of each applicable Class, as to each such clause, ratably in accordance with the respective amounts of such disbursements then due and payable to the extent funds are available therefor.

(d) In connection with any required payment by the Issuer to the Servicer or the Special Servicer pursuant to the Servicing Agreement of any amount scheduled to be paid from time to time between Payment Dates from amounts received with respect to the Mortgage Assets, the Servicer or the Special Servicer, as applicable, shall be entitled to retain or withdraw such amounts from the Collection Account pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement.

(e) In connection with any required payment by the Issuer to the Operating Advisor pursuant to the Servicing Agreement of any amount scheduled to be paid from time to time between Payment Dates from amounts received with respect to the Mortgage Assets, such amounts shall be paid to the Operating Advisor pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement.

Section 11.2 Securities Accounts.

The Issuer hereby directs the Note Administrator to invest all amounts held by, or deposited with the Note Administrator in the Reinvestment Account, Custodial Account and the Expense Reserve Account pursuant to the provisions of this Indenture in Eligible Investments described in clause (v) of the definition of Eligible Investments and such amounts shall be credited to the Indenture Account that is the source of funds for such investment. Absent such direction, funds in the foregoing accounts shall be held uninvested. All amounts held by or deposited with the Note Administrator in the Payment Account shall be held uninvested. Any amounts not so invested in Eligible Investments as herein provided, shall be credited to one or more securities accounts established and maintained pursuant to the Securities Account Control Agreement at the Corporate Trust Office of the Note Administrator, or at another financial institution whose long-term rating is at least equal to “A2” by Moody’s (or such lower rating as the Rating Agencies shall approve) and agrees to act as a Securities Intermediary on behalf of the Note Administrator on behalf of the Secured Parties pursuant to an account control agreement in form and substance similar to the Securities Account Control Agreement. All other accounts held by the Note Administrator shall be held uninvested.

 

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ARTICLE 12

DISPOSITION OF MORTGAGE ASSETS; REINVESTMENT MORTGAGE ASSETS;

FUTURE FUNDING ESTIMATES

Section 12.1 Sales of Credit Risk Mortgage Assets and Defaulted Mortgage Assets.

(a) Except as otherwise expressly permitted or required by this Indenture, the Issuer shall not sell or otherwise dispose of any Mortgage Asset. The Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, acting pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement may direct the Special Servicer in writing to sell at any time:

(i) any Defaulted Mortgage Asset;

(ii) any Credit Risk Mortgage Asset, unless (x) the Note Protection Tests were not satisfied as of the immediately preceding Determination Date and have not been cured as of the proposed sale date or (y) the Trustee, upon written direction of a majority of the Controlling Class, has provided written notice to the Collateral Manager that no further sales of Credit Risk Mortgage Assets shall be permitted; or

(iii) any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or Exchange Mortgage Asset acquired in violation of the Eligibility Criteria, the Reinvestment Criteria or the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements.

The Special Servicer shall sell any Mortgage Asset in any sale permitted pursuant to this Section 12.1(a), as directed by the Collateral Manager. Promptly after any sale pursuant to this Section 12.1(a), the Collateral Manager shall notify the 17g-5 Information Provider of the Mortgage Asset sold and the sale price and shall provide such other information relating to such sale as may be reasonably requested by the Rating Agencies.

If a Mortgage Asset that is a Defaulted Mortgage Asset is not sold or otherwise disposed of by the Issuer within three years of such Mortgage Asset becoming a Defaulted Mortgage Asset, the Collateral Manager shall use commercially reasonable efforts to cause the Issuer to sell or otherwise dispose of such Mortgage Asset as soon as commercially practicable thereafter. In no event shall the Issuer or the Collateral Manager be permitted to sell or otherwise dispose of any Mortgage Asset for the primary purpose of recognizing gains or decreasing losses resulting from market value changes.

In connection with the sale of a Credit Risk Mortgage Asset or a Defaulted Mortgage Asset pursuant to this Section 12.1(a), the Collateral Manager may also cause the Issuer to create one or more participation interests in such Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset and direct the Trustee to sell one or more of such participation interests.

(b) In addition, with respect to any Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset permitted to be sold pursuant to Section 12.1(a), such Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset may be sold by the Issuer at the direction of the Collateral Manager:

(i) to an entity, other than the Collateral Manager or an affiliate; or

 

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(ii) to the Collateral Manager or an affiliate thereof that is purchasing such Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset from the Issuer for a cash purchase price that is (x) with respect to any Defaulted Mortgage Asset, equal to or greater than the Par Purchase Price and (y) with respect to any Credit Risk Mortgage Asset:

(1) until the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, equal to or greater than the Par Purchase Price; and

(2) after the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, following disclosure to, and approval by, the Advisory Committee in accordance with the Collateral Management Agreement, equal to the greater of (A) the Par Purchase Price and (B) the fair market value thereof (any purchase described in this clause (ii), a “Credit Risk/Defaulted Mortgage Asset Cash Purchase”).

(c) If the Collateral Manager directs the sale of a Reinvestment Mortgage Asset of Exchange Mortgage Asset acquired in violation of the Eligibility Criteria, the Reinvestment Criteria or the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements, the Issuer may sell such Mortgage Asset for a cash purchase price that is equal to or greater than its Par Purchase Price.

(d) A Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset may be disposed of at any time, following disclosure to, and approval by, the Advisory Committee, by the Collateral Manager directing the Issuer to exchange such Defaulted Mortgage Asset or Credit Risk Mortgage Asset for (1) a Mortgage Asset owned by the Collateral Manager or an Affiliate of the Collateral Manager that satisfies the Eligibility Criteria and the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements (such Mortgage Asset, an “Exchange Mortgage Asset”) or (2) a combination of an Exchange Mortgage Asset and cash (such exchange for a Defaulted Mortgage Asset, a “Defaulted Mortgage Asset Exchange,” and such exchange for a Credit Risk Mortgage Asset, a “Credit Risk Mortgage Asset Exchange”); provided that:

(i) with respect to any Defaulted Mortgage Asset Exchange, the sum of (1) the Par Purchase Price of such Exchange Mortgage Asset plus (2) the cash amount (if any) to be paid to the Issuer by the Collateral Manager or an affiliate of the Collateral Manager, in connection with such exchange, is equal to or greater than the Par Purchase Price of the Defaulted Mortgage Asset sought to be exchanged; and

(ii) with respect to any Credit Risk Mortgage Asset Exchange:

(1) until the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, the sum of (1) the Par Purchase Price of such Exchange Mortgage Asset plus (2) the cash amount (if any) to be paid to the Issuer by the Collateral Manager or an affiliate of the Collateral Manager, in connection with such exchange, is equal to or greater than the Par Purchase Price of the Credit Risk Mortgage Asset sought to be exchanged; and

(2) after the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, the sum of (1) the Par Purchase Price of such Exchange Mortgage Asset plus (2) the cash amount (if any) to be paid to the Issuer by the Collateral Manager or an affiliate of the Collateral Manager, in connection with such exchange, is equal to or greater than the greater of (x) the Par Purchase Price of the Credit Risk Mortgage Asset sought to be exchanged and (y) the fair market value of such Credit Risk Mortgage Asset.

 

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(e) In addition to the above, the Majority of Preferred Shareholders shall have the right to purchase (i) any Defaulted Mortgage Asset for a purchase price equal to the Par Purchase Price and (ii) any Credit Risk Mortgage Asset for a purchase price equal to, (x) until the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, the Par Purchase Price, and (y) after the Disposition Limitation Threshold has been met, following disclosure to, and approval by, the Advisory Committee, the greater of (1) the Par Purchase Price and (2) the fair market value thereof.

(f) After the Issuer has notified the Trustee and the Note Administrator of an Optional Redemption, a Clean-up Call, a Tax Redemption or an Auction Call Redemption in accordance with Section 9.3, the Collateral Manager, on behalf of the Issuer, and acting pursuant to the Collateral Management Agreement, may at any time direct the Trustee in writing by Issuer Order to sell, and the Trustee shall sell in the manner directed by the Majority of Preferred Shareholders in writing, any Mortgage Asset without regard to the foregoing limitations in Section 12.1(a); provided that:

(i) the Sale Proceeds therefrom must be used to pay certain expenses and redeem all of the Notes in whole but not in part pursuant to Section 9.1, and upon any such sale the Trustee shall release such Mortgage Asset pursuant to Section 10.12;

(ii) the Issuer may not direct the Trustee to sell (and the Trustee shall not be required to release) a Mortgage Asset pursuant to this Section 12.1(b) unless:

(1) the Collateral Manager certifies to the Trustee and the Note Administrator that, in the Collateral Manager’s reasonable business judgment based on calculations included in the certification (which shall include the sales prices of the Mortgage Assets), the Sale Proceeds from the sale of one or more of the Mortgage Assets and all Cash and proceeds from Eligible Investments will be at least equal to the Total Redemption Price; and

(2) the Independent accountants appointed by the Issuer pursuant to Section 10.13 shall recalculate the calculations made in clause (1) above and prepare an agreed-upon procedures report; and

(iii) in connection with an Optional Redemption, an Auction Call Redemption, a Clean-up Call, or a Tax Redemption, all the Mortgage Assets to be sold pursuant to this Section 12.1(f) must be sold in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 9.1(f).

(g) In the event that any Notes remain Outstanding as of the Payment Date occurring six months prior to the Stated Maturity Date of the Notes, the Collateral Manager will be required to determine whether the proceeds expected to be received on the Mortgage Assets prior to the Stated Maturity Date of the Notes will be sufficient to pay in full the principal amount of (and accrued interest on) the Notes on the Stated Maturity Date. If the Collateral Manager determines, in its sole discretion, that such proceeds will not be sufficient to pay the outstanding principal amount of and accrued interest on the Notes on the Stated Maturity Date of the Notes,

 

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the Issuer will, at the direction of the Collateral Manager, be obligated to liquidate the portion of Mortgage Assets sufficient to pay the remaining principal amount of and interest on the Notes on or before the Stated Maturity Date. The Mortgage Assets to be liquidated by the Issuer will be selected by the Collateral Manager.

(h) Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer shall be permitted to sell or otherwise transfer (including as a contribution) to a Permitted Subsidiary at any time any Sensitive Asset for consideration consisting of equity interests in such Permitted Subsidiary (or an increase in the value of equity interests already owned).

(i) Under no circumstance shall the Trustee in its individual capacity be required to acquire any Mortgage Assets or any property related thereto.

(j) Any Mortgage Asset sold pursuant to this Section 12.1 shall be released from the lien of this Indenture.

(k) If the Collateral Manager becomes aware that any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset did not satisfy the Eligibility Criteria, the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements or the Reinvestment Criteria at the time it was acquired by the Issuer, the Collateral Manager may direct the Special Servicer, on behalf of the Issuer, to sell such Reinvestment Mortgage Asset for a cash purchase price that is equal to or greater than the Par Purchase Price thereof.

Section 12.2 Reinvestment Mortgage Assets.

(a) Except as provided in Section 12.3(c), during the Reinvestment Period (or within 60 days after the end of the Reinvestment Period with respect to reinvestments made pursuant to binding commitments to purchase entered into during the Reinvestment Period with Principal Proceeds received on, before or after the last day of the Reinvestment Period), amounts (or Eligible Investments) credited to the Reinvestment Account may, but are not required to, be reinvested in Reinvestment Mortgage Assets (which shall be, and hereby are upon acquisition by the Issuer, Granted to the Trustee pursuant to the Granting Clause of this Indenture) that satisfy the applicable Eligibility Criteria and the Acquisition and Disposition Requirements and the following additional criteria (the “Reinvestment Criteria”), as evidenced by an Officer’s Certificate of the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer delivered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator substantially in the form of Exhibit K hereto, delivered as of the date of the commitment to purchase such Reinvestment Mortgage Asset:

(i) the Note Protection Tests are satisfied; and

(ii) no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.

In addition, the acquisition by the Issuer of any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or Exchange Mortgage Asset shall be conditioned upon delivery by the Issuer to the Note Administrator and the Custodian of a Subsequent Transfer Instrument substantially in the form of Exhibit C to the Mortgage Asset Purchase Agreement.

 

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(b) Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, (i) Cash on deposit in the Reinvestment Account may be invested in Eligible Investments pending investment in Reinvestment Mortgage Assets and (ii) if an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, no Reinvestment Mortgage Asset may be acquired unless it was the subject of a commitment entered into by the Issuer prior to the occurrence of such Event of Default.

Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions, at any time when the Retention Holder or an Affiliate that is wholly-owned by Sub-REIT or a subsequent REIT and is a disregarded entity for U.S. federal income tax purposes of such REIT holds 100% of the Class E Notes, the Class F Notes and the Preferred Shares, it may contribute additional Cash, Eligible Investments and/or Mortgage Assets to the Issuer so long as, in the case of Mortgage Assets, any such Mortgage Assets satisfy the Eligibility Criteria at the time of such contribution, including, but not limited to, for purposes of effecting any cure rights reserved for the holder of the Participations, pursuant to and in accordance with the terms of the related Participation Agreement. Cash or Eligible Investments contributed to the Issuer by the Retention Holder (during the Reinvestment Period) shall be credited to the Reinvestment Account (unless the Retention Holder directs otherwise) and may be reinvested by the Issuer in Reinvestment Mortgage Assets so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.

Section 12.3 Conditions Applicable to All Transactions Involving Sale or Grant.

(a) Any transaction effected after the Closing Date under this Article 12 or Section 10.12 shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of the Collateral Management Agreement; provided that (1) the Collateral Manager shall not direct the Issuer to acquire any Mortgage Asset for inclusion in the Collateral from the Collateral Manager or any of its Affiliates as principal or to sell any Mortgage Asset from the Collateral to the Collateral Manager or any of its Affiliates as principal unless the transaction is effected in accordance with the Collateral Management Agreement and (2) the Collateral Manager shall not direct the Issuer to acquire any Mortgage Asset for inclusion in the Collateral from any account or portfolio for which the Collateral Manager serves as investment adviser or direct the Issuer to sell any Mortgage Asset to any account or portfolio for which the Collateral Manager serves as investment adviser unless such transactions comply with the Collateral Management Agreement and Section 206(3) of the Advisers Act. The Trustee shall have no responsibility to oversee compliance with this clause (a) by the other parties.

(b) Upon any Grant pursuant to this Article 12, all of the Issuer’s right, title and interest to such Mortgage Asset or Security shall be Granted to the Trustee pursuant to this Indenture, such Mortgage Asset or Security shall be registered in the name of the Issuer, and, if applicable, the Trustee (or the Custodian on its behalf) shall receive such Pledged Mortgage Asset or Security. The Trustee (or the Custodian on its behalf) and the Note Administrator also shall receive, not later than the date of delivery of any Mortgage Asset, an Officer’s Certificate of the Collateral Manager certifying that, as of the date of such Grant, such Grant complies with the applicable conditions of and is permitted by this Article 12 (and setting forth, to the extent appropriate, calculations in reasonable detail necessary to determine such compliance). The original note and/or participation certificate and all allonges thereto or assignments thereof that are required to be included in the Mortgage Asset File related to any Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or Exchange Mortgage Asset acquired by the Issuer after the Closing Date shall be delivered no later than one (1) Business Day before the date of acquisition of such Reinvestment Mortgage Asset or Exchange Mortgage Asset, as applicable, by the Issuer and the remaining documents constituting such Mortgage Asset File shall be delivered by no later than three (3) Business Days after the date of acquisition.

 

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(c) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Article 12 to the contrary, the Issuer shall, subject to this Section 12.3(c), have the right to effect any transaction which has been consented to by the Holders of Notes evidencing 100% of the Aggregate Outstanding Amount of each and every Class of Notes (or if there are no Notes Outstanding, 100% of the Preferred Shares).

Section 12.4 Modifications to Note Protection Tests.

(a) In the event that (1) Moody’s modifies the definitions or calculations relating to any of the Moody’s specific Eligibility Criteria or (2) any Rating Agency modifies the definitions or calculations relating to either of the Note Protection Tests (each, a “Rating Agency Test Modification”), in any case in order to correspond with published changes in the guidelines, methodology or standards established by such Rating Agency, the Issuer may, but is under no obligation solely as a result of this Section 12.4 to, incorporate corresponding changes into this Indenture by an amendment or supplement hereto without the consent of the Holders of the Notes (except as provided below) (but with written notice to the Noteholders) or the Preferred Shares if (x) in the case of a modification of a Moody’s specific Eligibility Criteria, the Rating Agency Condition is satisfied with respect to Moody’s, (y) in the case of a modification of a Note Protection Test, the Rating Agency Condition is satisfied with respect to each Rating Agency then rating any Class of Notes and (z) written notice of such modification is delivered by the Collateral Manager to the Trustee and the Holders of the Notes and Preferred Shares (which notice may be included in the next regularly scheduled report to Noteholders). Any such Rating Agency Test Modification shall be effected without execution of a supplemental indenture; provided, however, that such amendment shall be (i) evidenced by a written instrument executed and delivered by each of the Co-Issuers and the Collateral Manager and delivered to the Trustee, and (ii) accompanied by delivery by the Issuer to the Trustee of an Officer’s Certificate of the Issuer (or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer) certifying that such amendment has been made pursuant to and in compliance with this Section 12.4.

Section 12.5 Ongoing Future Advance Estimates.

(a) The Note Administrator and the Trustee, on behalf of the Noteholders and the Holders of the Preferred Shares, are hereby directed by the Issuer to (i) enter into the Future Funding Agreement and the Future Funding Account Control Agreement, pursuant to which the Seller will agree to pledge certain collateral described therein in order to secure certain future funding obligations of any Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holder as holder of any Future Funding Companion Participations and (ii) administer the rights of the Note Administrator and the secured party, as applicable, under the Future Funding Agreement and the Future Funding Account Control Agreement. In the event an Access Termination Notice (as defined in the Future Funding Agreement) has been sent by the Note Administrator to the related account bank and for so long as such Access Termination Notice is not withdrawn by the Note Administrator, the Note Administrator shall, pursuant to the direction of the Issuer or the Special Servicer on its behalf, direct the use of funds on deposit in the Future Funding Controlled Reserve

 

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Account pursuant to the terms of the Future Funding Agreement. Neither the Trustee nor the Note Administrator shall have any obligation to ensure that the Seller is depositing or causing to be deposited all amounts into the Future Funding Controlled Reserve Account that are required to be deposited therein pursuant to the Future Funding Agreement.

(b) Pursuant to the Future Funding Agreement, on the Closing Date, (i) Holdco, in its capacity as Future Funding Indemnitor, shall deliver its Largest One Quarter Future Advance Estimate to the Collateral Manager, the Special Servicer, the Servicer, the Operating Advisor and the Note Administrator and (ii) the Future Funding Indemnitor shall deliver to the Collateral Manager, the Special Servicer, the Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Note Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider a certification of a responsible financial officer of the Future Funding Indemnitor that the Future Funding Indemnitor has Segregated Liquidity at least equal to the Largest One Quarter Future Advance Estimate. Thereafter, so long as any Future Funding Companion Participation is held by an Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holder and any future advance obligations remain outstanding under such Future Funding Companion Participation, no later than the 18th day (or, if such day is not a Business Day, the next succeeding Business Day) of the calendar-month preceding the beginning of each calendar quarter, the Future Funding Indemnitor shall deliver (which may be by email) to the Collateral Manager, the Special Servicer, the Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Note Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider a certification of a responsible financial officer of the Future Funding Indemnitor that the Future Funding Indemnitor has Segregated Liquidity equal to the greater of (i) the Largest One Quarter Future Advance Estimate or (ii) the controlling Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for the immediately following two calendar quarters.

(c) Pursuant to the Future Funding Agreement, for so long as any Future Funding Companion Participations is held by an Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holder and any future advance obligations remain outstanding under such Future Funding Companion Participation and, subject to Section 12.3(c), by (x) no earlier than the thirty-five (35) days prior to, and (y) no later than the fifth (5th) day of, the calendar-month preceding the beginning of each calendar quarter, the Seller is required to deliver to the Collateral Manager, the Operating Advisor, the Note Administrator and the Future Funding Indemnitor (i) a Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for the immediately following two calendar quarters and (ii) such supporting documentation and other information (including any relevant calculations) as is reasonably necessary for the Operating Advisor to perform its obligations described below. The Issuer shall cause the Operating Advisor to, within ten (10) days after receipt of the Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate and supporting documentation from the Seller, (A) review the Seller’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate and such supporting documentation and other information provided by the Seller in connection therewith, (B) consult with the Seller with respect thereto and make such inquiry, and request such additional information (and the Seller shall promptly respond to each such request for consultation, inquiry or request for information), in each case as is commercially reasonable for the Operating Advisor to perform its obligations described in the following clause (C), and (C) by written notice to the Note Administrator, the Seller and the Future Funding Indemnitor substantially in the form set forth in the Servicing Agreement, either (1) confirm that nothing has come to the attention of the Operating Advisor in the documentation provided by the Seller that in the reasonable opinion of the Operating Advisor would support a determination of a Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate that is at least 25% higher than the Seller’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for such period and shall state that the Seller’s Two

 

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Quarter Future Advance Estimate for such period shall control or (2) deliver its own Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for such period. If the Operating Advisor’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate is at least 25% higher than the Seller’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for any period, then the Operating Advisor’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for such period shall control; otherwise, the Seller’s Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate for such period shall control.

(d) No Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate will be required to be made by the Seller or the Operating Advisor for a calendar quarter if, by the fifth (5th) day of the calendar-month preceding the beginning of such calendar quarter, the Future Funding Indemnitor delivers (which may be by email) to the Collateral Manager, the Special Servicer, the Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Note Administrator and the 17g-5 Information Provider a certificate of a responsible financial officer of the Future Funding Indemnitor certifying that (i) the Future Funding Indemnitor has Segregated Liquidity equal to at least 100% of the aggregate amount of outstanding future advance obligations (subject to the same exclusions as the calculation of the Two Quarter Future Advance Estimate) under the Future Funding Companion Participations held by Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holders or (ii) no such future funding obligations remain outstanding under the Future Funding Companion Participations held by Affiliated Future Funding Companion Participation Holders. All certifications regarding Segregated Liquidity, any Two Quarter Future Advance Estimates, or any notices from the Operating Advisor described in (b) and (c) above shall be emailed to the Note Administrator at [email protected] and [email protected] or such other email address as provided by the Note Administrator.

(e) The 17g-5 Information Provider shall promptly post to the 17g-5 Website pursuant to Section 14.13(d) of this Indenture, any certification with respect to the holder of the Future Funding Companion Participations that is delivered to it in accordance with the Future Funding Agreement.

ARTICLE 13

NOTEHOLDERS’ RELATIONS

Section 13.1 Subordination.

(a) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree that, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class A Notes that the rights of the Holders of the Class A-S Notes, Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class A Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class A Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class A Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of any other Class of Notes, to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

 

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(b) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class A-S Notes, that the rights of the Holders of the Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class A-S Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11 of this Indenture; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class A-S Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class A-S Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of any of the Class B Notes, Class C Notes, Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

(c) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class B Notes, that the rights of the Holders of the Class C Notes, Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class B Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11 of this Indenture; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class B Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class B Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of any of the Class C Notes, Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

(d) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class C Notes, that the rights of the Holders of the Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class C Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11 of this Indenture; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class C Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class C Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of any of the Class D Notes, Class E Notes and Class F Notes to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

(e) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class D Notes, that the rights of the Holders of the Class E Notes and the Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class D Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11 of this Indenture; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class D Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class D Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of the Class E Notes and Class F Notes to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

 

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(f) Anything in this Indenture or the Notes to the contrary notwithstanding, the Issuer and the Holders agree, for the benefit of the Holders of the Class E Notes, that the rights of the Holders of the Class F Notes shall be subordinate and junior to the Class E Notes to the extent and in the manner set forth in Article 11 of this Indenture; provided that on each Redemption Date and each Payment Date as a result of the occurrence and continuation of the acceleration of the Notes following the occurrence of an Event of Default, all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal on the Class E Notes shall be paid pursuant to Section 11.1(a)(iii) in full in Cash or, to the extent 100% of Holders of the Class E Notes consent, other than in Cash, before any further payment or distribution is made on account of the Class F Notes to the extent and in the manner provided in Section 11.1(a)(iii).

(g) In the event that notwithstanding the provisions of this Indenture, any Holders of any Class of Notes shall have received any payment or distribution in respect of such Class contrary to the provisions of this Indenture, then, unless and until all accrued and unpaid interest on and outstanding principal of all more senior Classes of Notes have been paid in full in accordance with this Indenture, such payment or distribution shall be received and held in trust for the benefit of, and shall forthwith be paid over and delivered to, the Note Administrator, which shall pay and deliver the same to the Holders of the more senior Classes of Notes in accordance with this Indenture.

(h) Each Holder of any Class of Notes agrees with the Note Administrator on behalf of the Secured Parties that such Holder shall not demand, accept, or receive any payment or distribution in respect of such Notes in violation of the provisions of this Indenture including Section 11.1(a) and this Section 13.1; provided, however, that after all accrued and unpaid interest on, and principal of, each Class of Notes senior to such Class have been paid in full, the Holders of such Class of Notes shall be fully subrogated to the rights of the Holders of each Class of Notes senior thereto. Nothing in this Section 13.1 shall affect the obligation of the Issuer to pay Holders of such Class of Notes any amounts due and payable hereunder.

(i) The Holders of each Class of Notes agree, for the benefit of all Holders of the Notes, not to institute against, or join any other person in instituting against, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, or any Permitted Subsidiary, any petition for bankruptcy, reorganization, arrangement, moratorium, liquidation or similar proceedings under the laws of any jurisdiction before one year and one day or, if longer, the applicable preference period then in effect, have elapsed since the final payments to the Holders of the Notes.

Section 13.2 Standard of Conduct.

In exercising any of its or their voting rights, rights to direct and consent or any other rights as a Securityholder under this Indenture, a Securityholder or Securityholders shall not have any obligation or duty to any Person or to consider or take into account the interests of any Person and shall not be liable to any Person for any action taken by it or them or at its or their direction or any failure by it or them to act or to direct that an action be taken, without regard to whether such action or inaction benefits or adversely affects any Securityholder, the Issuer, or any other Person, except for any liability to which such Securityholder may be subject to the extent the same results from such Securityholder’s taking or directing an action, or failing to take or direct an action, in bad faith or in violation of the express terms of this Indenture.

 

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ARTICLE 14

MISCELLANEOUS

Section 14.1 Form of Documents Delivered to the Trustee and Note Administrator.

In any case where several matters are required to be certified by, or covered by an opinion of, any specified Person, it is not necessary that all such matters be certified by, or covered by the opinion of, only one such Person, or that they be so certified or covered by only one document, but one such Person may certify or give an opinion with respect to some matters and one or more other such Persons as to other matters, and any such Person may certify or give an opinion as to such matters in one or several documents.

Any certificate or opinion of an Authorized Officer of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer may be based, insofar as it relates to legal matters, upon a certificate or opinion of, or representations by, counsel, unless such Authorized Officer knows, or in the exercise of reasonable care should know, that the certificate or opinion or representations with respect to the matters upon which his certificate or opinion is based are erroneous. Any such certificate of an Authorized Officer of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or Opinion of Counsel may be based, insofar as it relates to factual matters, upon a certificate or opinion of, or representations by, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager or any other Person, stating that the information with respect to such factual matters is in the possession of the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Collateral Manager or such other Person, unless such Authorized Officer of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or such counsel knows that the certificate or opinion or representations with respect to such matters are erroneous. Any Opinion of Counsel also may be based, insofar as it relates to factual matters, upon a certificate or opinion of, or representations by, an Authorized Officer of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, or the Servicer on behalf of the Issuer, certifying as to the factual matters that form a basis for such Opinion of Counsel and stating that the information with respect to such matters is in the possession of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer or the Collateral Manager on behalf of the Issuer, unless such counsel knows that the certificate or opinion or representations with respect to such matters are erroneous.

Where any Person is required to make, give or execute two or more applications, requests, consents, certificates, statements, opinions or other instruments under this Indenture, they may, but need not, be consolidated and form one instrument.

Whenever in this Indenture it is provided that the absence of the occurrence and continuation of a Default or Event of Default is a condition precedent to the taking of any action by the Trustee or the Note Administrator at the request or direction of the Issuer or the Co-Issuer, then notwithstanding that the satisfaction of such condition is a condition precedent to the Issuer’s or the Co-Issuer’s rights to make such request or direction, the Trustee or the Note Administrator shall be protected in acting in accordance with such request or direction if it does not have knowledge of the occurrence and continuation of such Default or Event of Default as provided in Section 6.1(g).

 

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Section 14.2 Acts of Securityholders.

(a) Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action provided by this Indenture to be given or taken by Securityholders may be embodied in and evidenced by one or more instruments of substantially similar tenor signed by such Securityholders in person or by an agent duly appointed in writing; and, except as herein otherwise expressly provided, such action shall become effective when such instrument or instruments are delivered to the Trustee and the Note Administrator, and, where it is hereby expressly required, to the Issuer and/or the Co-Issuer. Such instrument or instruments (and the action or actions embodied therein and evidenced thereby) are herein sometimes referred to as the “Act” of the Securityholders signing such instrument or instruments. Proof of execution of any such instrument or of a writing appointing any such agent shall be sufficient for any purpose of this Indenture and conclusive in favor of the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Issuer and the Co-Issuer, if made in the manner provided in this Section 14.2.

(b) The fact and date of the execution by any Person of any such instrument or writing may be proved in any manner which the Trustee or the Note Administrator deems sufficient.

(c) The principal amount and registered numbers of Notes held by any Person, and the date of his holding the same, shall be proved by the Notes Register. The Notional Amount and registered numbers of the Preferred Shares held by any Person, and the date of his holding the same, shall be proved by the register of members maintained with respect to the Preferred Shares. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Trustee and Note Administrator may conclusively rely on an Investor Certification to determine ownership of any Notes.

(d) Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or other action by the Securityholder shall bind such Securityholder (and any transferee thereof) of such Security and of every Security issued upon the registration thereof or in exchange therefor or in lieu thereof, in respect of anything done, omitted or suffered to be done by the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Share Registrar, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer in reliance thereon, whether or not notation of such action is made upon such Security.

Section 14.3 Notices, etc., to the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Issuer, the Co-Issuer, the Advancing Agent, the Servicer, the Special Servicer, the Operating Advisor, the Preferred Share Paying Agent, the Placement Agents, the Collateral Manager and the Rating Agencies.

Any request, demand, authorization, direction, notice, consent, waiver or Act of Securityholders or other documents provided or permitted by this Indenture to be made upon, given or furnished to, or filed with:

(a) the Trustee by any Securityholder or by the Note Administrator, the Collateral Manager, the Issuer or the Co-Issuer shall be sufficient for every purpose hereunder if made, given, furnished or filed in writing to and mailed, by certified mail, return receipt requested, hand delivered, sent by overnight courier service guaranteeing next day delivery, to the Trustee addressed to it at Wilmington Trust, National Association, 1100 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19890, Attention: CMBS Trustee – TRTX 2018-FL2, Facsimile number: (302) 636-6196, with a copy to: E-mail: [email protected], or at any other address previously furnished in writing to the parties hereto and the Servicing Agreement, and to the Securityholders;

 

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(b) the Note Administrator by the Trustee, the Collateral Manager or by any Securityholder shall be sufficient for every purpose hereunder (unless otherwise herein expressly provided) if in writing and mailed, first class postage prepaid, hand delivered, sent by overnight courier service, to the Note Administrator addressed to it at Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, Corporate Trust Services, 9062 Old Annapolis Road, Columbia, Maryland 21045-1951, Attention: Corporate Trust Services – TRTX 2018-FL2, with a copy by email to: [email protected] and [email protected], or at any other address previously furnished in writing to the parties hereto and the Servicing Agreement, and to the Securityholders;

(c) the Issuer by the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator or by any Securityholder shall be sufficient for every purpose hereunder (unless otherwise herein expressly provided) if in writing and mailed, first class postage prepaid, hand delivered, sent by overnight courier service or by facsimile in legible form, to the Issuer addressed to it at TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., 888 Seventh Avenue, 35th Floor, New York, New York 10106, Attention: Deborah Ginsberg, Facsimile number: (212) 405-8626, Email: [email protected], with a copy to: TRTX 2018-FL2 Issuer, Ltd., 888 Seventh Avenue, 35th Floor, New York, New York 10106, Attention: Jason Ruckman, Facsimile number: (212) 430-7525, Email: [email protected], or at any other address previously furnished in writing to the Trustee and the Note Administrator by the Issuer, with a copy to the Special Servicer;

(d) the Co-Issuer by the Trustee, the Collateral Manager, the Note Administrator or by any Securityholder shall be sufficient for every purpose hereunder (unless otherwise herein expressly provided) if in writing and mailed, first class postage prepaid, hand delivered, sent by overnight courier service or by facsimile in legible form, to the Co-Issuer addressed to it TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, 888 Seventh Avenue, 35th Floor, New York, New York 10106, Attention: Deborah Ginsberg, Facsimile number: (212) 405-8626, Email: [email protected], with a copy to: TRTX 2018-FL2 Co-Issuer, LLC, 888 Seventh Avenue, 35th Floor, New York, New York 10106, Attention: Jason Ruckman, Facsimile number: (212) 430-7525, Email: [email protected], or at any other address previously furnished in writing to the Trustee and the Note Administrator by the Co-Issuer, with a copy to the Special Servicer at its address set forth below;

(e) the Advancing Agent by the Trustee, the Note Administrator, the Issuer or the