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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018
OR 
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from          to         
Commission File Number: 001-06479 
OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
13-2637623
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
302 Knights Run Avenue, Tampa, Florida
 
33602
(Address of principal executive office)
 
(Zip Code)
(813) 209-0600
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code) 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes ý No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S–T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ý No ¨ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer ¨
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
(Do not check if smaller reporting company)
Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No ý
APPLICABLE ONLY TO ISSUERS INVOLVED IN BANKRUPTCY PROCEEDINGS DURING THE PRECEDING FIVE YEARS:
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed all documents and reports required to be filed by Sections 12, 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 subsequent to the distribution of securities under a plan confirmed by a court. YES ý NO ¨ 
APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date. The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s Class A common stock as of November 6, 2018: Class A common stock, par value $0.01 – 84,587,414 shares. Excluded from these amounts are penny warrants, which were outstanding as of November 6, 2018 for the purchase of 3,937,549 shares of Class A common stock without consideration of any withholding pursuant to the cashless exercise procedures.
 




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
#
 
 
 
Part I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2




OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS
 
 
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current Assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
123,977

 
$
165,994

Restricted cash
59

 
58

Voyage receivables, including unbilled of $5,711 and $9,919
14,364

 
24,209

Income tax receivable
879

 
1,122

Other receivables
1,123

 
2,556

Inventories, prepaid expenses and other current assets
15,493

 
13,356

Total Current Assets
155,895

 
207,295

Vessels and other property, less accumulated depreciation
607,001

 
632,509

Deferred drydock expenditures, net
26,537

 
23,914

Total Vessels, Other Property and Deferred Drydock
633,538

 
656,423

Restricted cash - non current
165

 
217

Investments in and advances to affiliated companies
38

 
3,785

Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
37,567

 
41,017

Other assets
33,690

 
23,150

Total Assets
$
860,893

 
$
931,887

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 

 
 

Current Liabilities:
 

 
 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities
$
38,510

 
$
34,371

Current installments of long-term debt
376,897

 
28,160

Total Current Liabilities
415,407

 
62,531

Reserve for uncertain tax positions
218

 
3,205

Long-term debt
686

 
420,776

Deferred income taxes, net
64,340

 
83,671

Other liabilities
46,857

 
48,466

Total Liabilities
527,508

 
618,649

 
 
 
 
Equity:
 

 
 

Common stock - Class A ($0.01 par value; 166,666,666 shares authorized; 84,587,414 and 78,277,669 shares issued and outstanding)
846

 
783

Paid-in additional capital
586,877

 
584,675

Accumulated deficit
(248,321
)
 
(265,758
)
 
339,402

 
319,700

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(6,017
)
 
(6,462
)
Total Equity
333,385

 
313,238

Total Liabilities and Equity
$
860,893

 
$
931,887

 See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

3



OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS
(UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
 September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Shipping Revenues:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Time and bareboat charter revenues
$
51,033

 
$
56,911

 
$
159,113

 
$
208,794

Voyage charter revenues
29,503

 
36,359

 
117,820

 
88,817

 
80,536

 
93,270

 
276,933

 
297,611

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Expenses:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Voyage expenses
8,481

 
8,388

 
30,135

 
19,329

Vessel expenses
33,865

 
33,194

 
101,025

 
101,438

Charter hire expenses
23,079

 
23,053

 
68,394

 
68,486

Depreciation and amortization
12,828

 
14,390

 
37,627

 
46,100

General and administrative
6,410

 
6,333

 
19,778

 
20,616

Loss on disposal of vessels and other property, including impairments

 
7,353

 

 
7,353

Total operating expenses
84,663

 
92,711

 
256,959

 
263,322

Operating (loss)/income
(4,127
)
 
559

 
19,974

 
34,289

Other income/(expense)
518

 
(548
)
 
271

 
(1,428
)
(Loss)/income before interest expense, reorganization items and income taxes
(3,609
)
 
11

 
20,245

 
32,861

Interest expense
(7,828
)
 
(9,474
)
 
(23,401
)
 
(28,277
)
(Loss)/income before reorganization items and income taxes
(11,437
)
 
(9,463
)
 
(3,156
)
 
4,584

Reorganization items, net

 
46

 

 
(198
)
(Loss)/income before income taxes
(11,437
)
 
(9,417
)
 
(3,156
)
 
4,386

Income tax benefit/(provision)
23,385

 
3,110

 
21,821

 
(2,052
)
Net income/(loss)
$
11,948

 
$
(6,307
)
 
$
18,665

 
$
2,334

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic - Class A
88,535,376

 
87,822,274

 
88,337,614

 
87,832,949

Diluted - Class A
89,229,282

 
87,822,274

 
89,017,866

 
88,031,375

Per Share Amounts:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted net income - Class A
$
0.13

 
$
(0.07
)
 
$
0.21

 
$
0.03


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

4



OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income/(loss)
$
11,948

 
$
(6,307
)
 
$
18,665

 
$
2,334

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net change in unrealized gains on cash flow hedges

 
415

 
112

 
616

Defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
    Net change in unrecognized prior service costs
(31
)
 
(38
)
 
(102
)
 
(105
)
    Net change in unrecognized actuarial losses
134

 
226

 
435

 
628

Other comprehensive income
103

 
603

 
445

 
1,139

Comprehensive income/(loss)
$
12,051

 
$
(5,704
)
 
$
19,110

 
$
3,473

 
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
 

5



OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS
(UNAUDITED)
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash Flows from Operating Activities:
 

 
 

Net income
$
18,665

 
$
2,334

Items included in net income not affecting cash flows:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
37,627

 
46,100

Loss on disposal of vessels and other property, including impairments

 
7,353

Amortization of debt discount and other deferred financing costs
3,117

 
3,971

Compensation relating to restricted stock awards and stock option grants
2,312

 
2,526

Deferred income tax (benefit)/provision
(22,328
)
 
1,423

Other – net
1,575

 
2,336

Loss on extinguishment of debt, net
981

 
1,999

Distributed earnings of affiliated companies
3,747

 
3,656

Payments for drydocking
(9,629
)
 
(4,833
)
SEC, Bankruptcy and IRS claim payments

 
(5,000
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
7,630

 
(25,025
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
43,697

 
36,840

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:
 
 
 
Expenditures for vessels and vessel improvements
(10,116
)
 

Expenditures for other property
(124
)
 
(11
)
       Net cash used in investing activities
(10,240
)
 
(11
)
Cash Flows from Financing Activities:
 

 
 

Payments on debt
(28,166
)
 

Extinguishment of debt
(47,000
)
 
(39,115
)
Tax withholding on share-based awards
(359
)
 
(1,062
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(75,525
)
 
(40,177
)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash (Note 3)
(42,068
)
 
(3,348
)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period (Note 3)
166,269

 
206,933

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at end of period (Note 3)
$
124,201

 
$
203,585

 See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

6



OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS
(UNAUDITED)
 
 
Common Stock (1)
 
Paid-in Additional Capital (2)
 
Accumulated
Deficit
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss (3)
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
783

 
$
584,675

 
$
(265,758
)
 
$
(6,462
)
 
$
313,238

Adoption of accounting standard (Note 4)

 

 
(1,228
)
 

 
(1,228
)
Net income

 

 
18,665

 

 
18,665

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 
445

 
445

Forfeitures, cancellations, issuance and vesting of restricted stock awards, net
7

 
(366
)
 

 

 
(359
)
Compensation related to Class A options granted and restricted stock awards

 
2,624

 

 

 
2,624

Conversion of Class A warrants to common stock
56

 
(56
)
 

 

 

Balance at September 30, 2018
$
846

 
$
586,877

 
$
(248,321
)
 
$
(6,017
)
 
$
333,385

 
(1)
Par value $0.01 per share; 166,666,666 Class A shares authorized; 84,587,414 Class A shares outstanding as of September 30, 2018.
(2)
Includes 20,723,944 outstanding Class A warrants as of September 30, 2018.
(3)
Amounts are net of tax.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
 

7

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS



Note 1 — Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Parent Company”), and its wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “OSG”, “we”, “us” or “our”). The Company owns and operates a fleet of oceangoing vessels engaged primarily in the transportation of crude oil and refined petroleum products in the U.S. Flag trades. The Company manages the operations of its fleet through its wholly owned subsidiary, OSG Bulk Ships, Inc. (“OBS”), a New York corporation.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. They do not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair statement of the results have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2018
The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and notes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States for complete financial statements. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (“Form 10-K”). 
Note 2 — Chapter 11 Filing and Emergence from Bankruptcy

In October 2012, the Company disclosed that its Audit Committee, on the recommendation of management, concluded that the Company’s previously issued financial statements for at least the three years ended December 31, 2011 and associated interim periods, and for the fiscal quarters ended March 31, 2012 and June 30, 2012, should no longer be relied upon. Shortly thereafter several putative class action suits were filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against the Company. Also named as defendants were its then President and Chief Executive Officer, its then Chief Financial Officer, its then current and certain former members of its Board of the Directors, and certain Company representatives.
On November 14, 2012 (the “Petition Date”), the Parent Company and 180 of its subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (the “Bankruptcy Court”). On August 5, 2014, a plan of reorganization (the “Equity Plan”) became effective and OSG emerged from bankruptcy.
On January 23, 2017, the SEC commenced an administrative proceeding, with the Company’s consent, that fully resolved an SEC investigation that was initiated in connection with the Company’s earnings restatement announced in 2012. The Company neither admitted nor denied the SEC’s allegations that the Company violated certain provisions of the Securities Act, the Exchange Act and related rules. After receiving Bankruptcy Court approval, the Company paid a $5,000 civil penalty relating to the investigation in February 2017. The settlement with the SEC does not require any further changes to the Company’s historical financial statements. Any indemnification or contribution claims by officers or directors of the Company that could be asserted in connection with the SEC’s investigation have been released or otherwise resolved pursuant to the Equity Plan and order of the Bankruptcy Court.

On February 10, 2017, pursuant to a final decree and order of the Bankruptcy Court, OSG’s one remaining case, as the Parent Company, was closed. 



8

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


Note 3 — Recently Adopted and Issued Accounting Standards
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation—Stock Compensation (ASC 718), Scope of Modification Accounting, which provides guidance in regards to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. An entity is required to account for the effects of a modification unless all the following are met: (1) the fair value of the modified award is the same as the fair value of the original award immediately before the original award is modified; (2) the vesting conditions of the modified award are the same as the vesting conditions of the original award immediately before the original award is modified; (3) the classification of the modified award as an equity instrument or a liability instrument is the same as the classification of the original award immediately before the original award is modified. The guidance is to be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within that reporting period. The adoption of this accounting policy had no impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements since there were no stock award modifications during the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Compensation — Retirement Benefits (Topic 715): Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost, that will change how employers that sponsor defined benefit pension and/or other postretirement benefit plans present the net periodic benefit cost in the income statement. Under ASU 2017-07, employers will present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line item(s) as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Only the service cost component will be eligible for capitalization in assets. Additionally, employers will present the other components of the net periodic benefit cost separately from the line item(s) that includes the service cost and outside of any subtotal of operating income, if one is presented. These components will not be eligible for capitalization in assets. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. This standard must be applied retrospectively to all periods presented. The Company retrospectively adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. The amortization of actuarial (gain)/loss and amortization of prior service credits have been reclassified from vessel expenses and general and administrative expenses to other expense in the Company's consolidated statements of operations.

The effect of the retrospective presentation change related to the net periodic cost of the Company's domestic pension and postretirement benefit plans on its consolidated statements of operations was as follows:
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
($ in thousands)
As Previously Reported
 
Impact of Adoption
 
As Adjusted
Vessel expenses
$
101,332

 
$
106

 
$
101,438

General and administrative
21,097

 
(481
)
 
20,616

Total Operating Expenses
263,697

 
(375
)
 
263,322

Operating income
33,914

 
375

 
34,289

Other expense
1,053

 
375

 
1,428


In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (ASC 230): Restricted Cash, which requires that amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within that reporting period. This standard must be applied retrospectively to all periods presented. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. The prior period has been adjusted to conform to current period presentation, which resulted in a decrease of $11,988 in net cash provided by investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2017, related to changes in restricted cash amounts.

In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, Income Taxes (ASC 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, amending the accounting for income taxes. Under current guidance the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer is prohibited until the asset has been sold to an outside party. The amended guidance eliminates the prohibition against immediate recognition of current and deferred income tax amounts associated with intra entity transfers of assets other than inventory. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after

9

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


December 15, 2017. The requirements of the amended guidance should be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of the standard did not have any impact to the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (ASC 230), which amends the guidance in ASC 230 on the classification of certain cash receipts and payments in the statement of cash flows. The primary purpose of the ASU is to reduce the diversity in practice that has resulted from the lack of consistent principles on this topic with respect to (1) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; (2) settlement of zero-coupon debt; (3) contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; (4) proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims; (5) proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies; (6) distributions received from equity method investees; (7) beneficial interests in securitization transactions; and (8) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 31, 2017. The guidance requires application using a retrospective transition method. The Company adopted this standard effective January 1, 2018. The Company determined that its current accounting policies align with this standard, therefore, this standard did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606), to provide a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers to improve comparability within industries, across industries, and across capital markets. Subsequent to the May 2014 issuance, several clarifications and updates have been issued on this topic. The underlying principle is that an entity will recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at an amount that the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted ASC 606 effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective transition method. The Company recognized the cumulative effect of initially applying the new revenue standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the beginning of 2018. The comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the period presented.

See Note 4, “Revenue Recognition,” for additional accounting policy and transition disclosures.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement, which eliminates certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements for all entities, requires public entities to disclose certain new information and modifies some disclosure requirements. The new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted in interim periods, including periods for which financial statements have not been issued or financial statements have not been made available for issuance. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018 the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, that gives entities the option to reclassify to retained earnings tax effects related to items that have been stranded in accumulated other comprehensive income as a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”). The new guidance may be applied retrospectively to each period in which the effect of the TCJA is recognized in the period of adoption. The Company must adopt this guidance for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018 and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued or made available for issuance, including the period the TCJA was enacted. The guidance, when adopted, will require new disclosures regarding a company’s accounting policy for releasing the tax effects in AOCI and permit the company the option to reclassify to retained earnings the tax effects resulting from the TCJA that are stranded in AOCI. The Company is currently evaluating how to apply the new guidance and has not determined whether it will elect to reclassify stranded amounts. The adoption of ASU 2018-02 is not expected to have a material effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, which is included in the ASC in Topic 842. ASU 2016-02 is intended to improve transparency and comparability of lease accounting among organizations. For leases with a term greater than 12 months, the amendments require the lease rights and obligations arising from the leasing arrangements, including operating leases, to be recognized as assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. However, the effect on the statement of

10

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


operations and the statement of cash flows is largely unchanged from current GAAP. The amendments also expand the required disclosures surrounding leasing arrangements. The update is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019 and can be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented in the financial statements or retrospectively at the beginning of the period of adoption through a cumulative-effect adjustment.

The Company's lease portfolio is primarily comprised of vessel charters in and office space. The Company will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective approach with a cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, to the opening balance of retained earnings at January 1, 2019. Although the Company has not completed its evaluation, the Company expects the adoption of this guidance to have a significant impact on vessels and other property within the Company's consolidated balance sheet due to the recognition of the right of use asset and liability for the Company's operating leases. The Company expects to apply the package of practical expedients that allows companies not to reassess whether any expired or expiring contracts are or contain leases, lease classification for any expired or expiring leases and initial direct costs for any expired or expiring leases. Also, the Company expects to make an accounting policy election to keep leases with a term of 12 months or less off the balance sheet. The Company is in the process of evaluating its processes and internal controls to meet the accounting, reporting and disclosure requirements for the prospective accounting requirements of the guidance. As of September 30, 2018, the contractual obligations for the Company’s leased vessels was approximately $185,156, as presented in Note 12, “Leases”.

11

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


Note 4 - Revenue Recognition

Adoption of ASC 606

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606 applying the modified retrospective method to all contracts not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for the prior period.

The impact of adopting the new standard primarily related to a change in the timing of revenue recognition for voyage charter contracts. In the past, the Company recognized revenue from voyage charters ratably over the estimated length of each voyage, calculated on a discharge-to-discharge basis. Under the new standard, the Company recognizes revenue from voyage charters ratably over the estimated length of each voyage, calculated on a load-to-discharge basis. In addition, the adoption of ASC 606 resulted in a corresponding change in the timing of recognition of voyage expenses for voyage charter contracts.

The cumulative effect of the changes made to the Company's consolidated January 1, 2018 balance sheet for the adoption of ASC 606 was as follows:
($ in thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
Adjustments Due to ASC 606
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Voyage receivables
$
24,209

 
$
1,336

 
$
25,545

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes
83,671

 
(108
)
 
83,563

Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated deficit
(265,758
)
 
(1,228
)
 
(266,986
)

For the nine months ended September 30, 2018, revenues increased by $1,261, net income increased by $943 and basic and diluted net income per share increased by $0.01 and $0.02, respectively, as a result of applying ASC 606.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognized when control of the promised services are transferred to the Company's customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to receive in exchange for those services.

Voyage Charter Revenues

The Company enters into voyage charter contracts, which are charters under which a customer pays a transportation charge, voyage freight, for the movement of a specific cargo between two or more specified ports. The Company's performance obligation under voyage charters, which consists of moving cargo from a load port to a discharge port, is satisfied over time. Accordingly, under ASC 606, the Company recognizes revenue from voyage charters ratably over the estimated length of each voyage, calculated on a load-to-discharge basis. The transaction price is in the form of a fixed fee at contract inception, which is the transportation charge. Voyage charter contracts also include variable consideration in the form of demurrage, which is additional revenue the Company receives for delays experienced in loading or unloading cargo that are not deemed to be the responsibility of the Company, calculated in accordance with specific charter terms. The Company does not include demurage in the transaction price for voyage charters as it is considered constrained since it is highly susceptible to factors outside the Company's influence. Examples of when demurrage is incurred include weather conditions and security regulations at ports. The uncertainty related to this variable consideration is resolved upon the completion of the voyage, the duration of which is generally less than 30 days.

Lightering Revenues

The Company enters into lightering contracts, which are contracts for the off-loading of crude oil or petroleum products from large size tankers, typically, Very Large Crude Carriers, into smaller tankers or barges for discharge in ports from which the larger tankers are restricted due to the depth of the water, narrow entrances or small berths. For lightering services (i) the customer does not obtain or control a minor amount of the output or other utility of the vessel, (ii) the customer does not have

12

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


the ability or right to control physical access to the vessel, and (iii) there is a guaranteed monthly or annual minimum volume requirement on which the fixed price that the customer pays is based. The Company invoices the customer monthly based on either the actual barrels of cargo lightered or the monthly minimum volume requirement in the contract for services delivered over time. Annually, the Company performs a reconciliation between actual barrels lightered and the annual minimum volume requirement and, if necessary, bills the customer for amounts in excess of the minimum. Lightering contracts also include variable consideration for barrels delivered in excess of the contractual minimum. The Company does not include this variable consideration in the transaction price for lightering contracts as it is considered constrained since it is controlled by the customer. The uncertainty related to this variable consideration is resolved with the customer either on a monthly or annual basis as stipulated in the contract. Lightering revenue is included within voyage charter revenue on the consolidated statements of operations.
                              
Time Charter Revenues

The Company enters into time charter contracts under which a customer pays a fixed daily or monthly rate for a fixed period of time for use of a vessel. The Company recognizes revenues from time charters as operating leases and are thus recognized ratably over the non-cancellable contract term, as service is performed. Customers pay voyage expenses such as fuel, canal tolls and port charges. The Company pays vessel expenses such as technical management expenses. The Company continues to evaluate the impact of the standard as it relates to non-lease components of time charter contracts and will finalize its position when the FASB’s Proposed Accounting Standards Update - Leases (Topic 842): Targeted Improvements becomes final, which will be consistent with the effective date and transition of the new leasing guidance in ASU 2016-02.

U.S. Maritime Security Program

Two of the Company's reflagged U.S. Flag Product Carriers participate in the U.S. Maritime Security Program ("MSP"), which ensures that privately-owned, military-useful U.S. Flag vessels are available to the U.S. Department of Defense in the event of war or national emergency. The Company receives an annual operating-differential subsidy pursuant to the Merchant Marine Act of 1936 for each participating vessel, subject in each case to annual congressional appropriations. The subsidy is intended to reimburse owners for the additional costs of operating U.S. Flag vessels. The Company considers the MSP contract with the U.S. government as a service arrangement under ASC 606.

Contract Balances

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, contract balances from contracts with customers consisted of voyage receivables, including unbilled receivables, of $14,328 and $22,860, respectively, net of allowance for doubtful accounts. For voyage charters, voyage freight is due to the Company upon completion of discharge at the last discharge port. For lightering contracts, the Company invoices the customer monthly based on either the actual barrels of cargo lightered or the monthly minimum volume requirement in the contract for services delivered over time. The Company routinely reviews its voyage receivables and makes provisions for probable doubtful accounts; however, those provisions are estimates and actual results could differ from those estimates and those differences may be material. Voyage receivables are deemed uncollectible and removed from accounts receivable and the allowance for doubtful accounts when collection efforts have been exhausted.

Costs to Fulfill a Contract

Under ASC 606, for voyage charters and lightering contracts, the Company capitalizes the direct costs, which are voyage expenses, of relocating the vessel to the load port to be amortized during transport of the cargo. At September 30, 2018, the costs related to voyages that were not yet completed were not material.

Transaction Price Allocated to the Remaining Performance Obligations

The Company will generally have partially satisfied performance obligations at month-end due to voyage charters which have not been completed. At September 30, 2018, there was one voyage charter that was not yet completed. The estimated fixed consideration expected to be recognized in the fourth quarter of 2018 is not material.





13

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


Practical Expedients and Exemptions

For voyage charters, the Company expenses broker commissions, which are costs of obtaining a contract, when incurred because the amortization period is less than one year. The Company records these costs within voyage expenses in the consolidated statements of operations.

For contracts that were modified before the adoption date, the Company has not retrospectively restated the contract for those contract modifications.

Note 5 — Earnings per Common Share
Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing earnings, after the deduction of dividends and undistributed earnings allocated to participating securities, by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. As management deemed the exercise price for the Class A warrants of $0.01 per share to be nominal, warrant proceeds are ignored and the shares issuable upon Class A warrant exercise are included in the calculation of basic weighted average common shares outstanding for all periods.
The computation of diluted earnings per share assumes the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive stock options and restricted stock units. Participating securities are defined by ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, as unvested share-based payment awards that contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents and are included in the computation of earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method.
Class A
There were no weighted average shares of unvested Class A restricted common stock shares considered to be participating securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018. There were 253,700 and 151,673 weighted average shares of unvested Class A restricted common stock shares considered to be participating securities for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017, such participating securities were allocated a portion of income under the two-class method.  
The computation of diluted earnings per share assumes the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive stock options and restricted stock units not classified as participating securities. As of September 30, 2018, there were 912,315 shares of Class A restricted stock units and 866,011 Class A stock options outstanding which were considered to be potentially dilutive securities. As of September 30, 2017, there were 430,633 shares of Class A restricted stock units and 384,084 Class A stock options outstanding which were considered to be potentially dilutive securities. 
The components of the calculation of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income/(loss)
$
11,948

 
$
(6,307
)
 
$
18,665

 
$
2,334

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Class A common stock - basic
88,535,376

 
87,822,274

 
88,337,614

 
87,832,949

Class A common stock - diluted
89,229,282

 
87,822,274

 
89,017,866

 
88,031,375

For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, there were 693,906 and 680,252 dilutive equity awards outstanding, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, there were 198,426 dilutive equity awards outstanding, respectively. Awards of 371,893 (which includes restricted stock units and stock options) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because inclusion of these awards would be anti-dilutive.
 

14

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


Note 6 — Fair Value Measurements, Derivatives and Fair Value Disclosures
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instrument: 
Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash— The carrying amounts reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheet for interest-bearing deposits approximate their fair value. 
Debt— The fair values of the Company’s publicly traded and non-public debt are estimated based on quoted market prices.
ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, relating to fair value measurements defines fair value and established a framework for measuring fair value. The ASC 820 fair value hierarchy distinguishes between market participant assumptions developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the reporting entity and the reporting entity's own assumptions about market participant assumptions developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. ASC 820 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, essentially an exit price. In addition, the fair value of assets and liabilities should include consideration of non-performance risk, which for the liabilities described below includes the Company's own credit risk. 
The levels of the fair value hierarchy established by ASC 820 are as follows:
Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities 
Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets or inputs that are observable
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value
of the assets or liabilities 

Financial Instruments that are not Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments that are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis, categorized based upon the fair value hierarchy, are as follows:
 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
September 30, 2018:
 

 
 

 
 

Assets
 

 
 

 
 

Cash (1)
$
124,201

 
$
124,201

 
$

Total
$
124,201

 
$
124,201

 
$

Liabilities
 

 
 

 
 

OBS Term loan
376,897

 

 
376,322

7.5% Election 2 notes due 2021
296

 

 
304

7.5% notes due 2024
390

 

 
394

Total
$
377,583

 
$

 
$
377,020


15

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


 
Carrying
Value
 
Fair Value
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
December 31, 2017:
 

 
 

 
 

Assets
 

 
 

 
 

Cash (1)
$
166,269

 
$
166,269

 
$

Total
$
166,269

 
$
166,269

 
$

Liabilities
 

 
 

 
 

OBS Term loan
448,251

 

 
441,630

7.5% Election 2 notes due 2021
295

 

 
305

7.5% notes due 2024
390

 

 
380

Total
$
448,936

 
$

 
$
442,315

(1)
Includes current and non-current restricted cash aggregating $224 and $275 at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Restricted cash as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 is related to the Company's Unsecured Senior Notes.
Nonfinancial Instruments that are Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis
Vessel and Intangible Assets Impairments
During the third quarter of 2018, the Company gave consideration as to whether events or changes in circumstances had occurred since December 31, 2017 that could indicate the carrying amounts of the vessels in the Company's fleet and the carrying value of the Company's intangible assets may not be recoverable as of September 30, 2018. The Company concluded that no such events or changes in circumstances had occurred.

Derivatives 

Interest Rate Risk 

OBS was a party to an interest rate cap agreement (“Interest Rate Cap”) with a start date of February 5, 2015 with a major financial institution covering a notional amount of $375,000 to limit the floating interest rate exposure associated with the OBS Term Loan. The Interest Rate Cap terminated on February 5, 2018. The Interest Rate Cap was designated and qualified as a cash flow hedge, contained no leverage features and had a cap rate of 2.5% through February 5, 2017, at which time the cap rate increased to 3.0% through the termination date of February 5, 2018.
The effect of the Company’s cash flow hedging relationships on the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 was $181 and $967, respectively, which represents the effective portion of loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss for interest expense associated with the Interest Rate Cap.
See Note 11, “Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss,” for disclosures relating to the impact of derivative instruments on accumulated other comprehensive loss.

Note 7 — Debt

Exit Financing Facilities 

Capitalized terms used hereafter in this Note 7 have the meanings given in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K or in the respective transaction documents referred to below, including subsequent amendments thereto.

On the Effective Date, to support the Equity Plan, OSG and its subsidiaries entered into secured debt facilities consisting of: (i) a secured asset-based revolving loan facility of $75,000, among the Parent Company, OBS, certain OBS subsidiaries, Wells

16

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


Fargo Bank, National Association (“Wells Fargo”) as Administrative Agent, and the other lenders party thereto (the “OBS ABL Facility”), secured by a first lien on substantially all of the U.S. Flag assets of OBS and its subsidiaries and a second lien on certain other specified U.S. Flag assets and (ii) a secured term loan of $603,000, among the Parent Company, OBS, certain OBS subsidiaries, Jefferies Finance LLC (“Jefferies”), as Administrative Agent, and other lenders party thereto (the “OBS Term Loan”), secured by a first lien on certain specified U.S. Flag assets of OBS and its subsidiaries and a second lien on substantially all of the other U.S. Flag assets of OBS and its subsidiaries. As of September 30, 2018, no amounts had been drawn under the OBS ABL Facility. The OBS ABL Facility matures on February 5, 2019 and the OBS Term Loan matures on August 5, 2019.
The OBS Term Loan amortizes in equal quarterly installments in aggregate annual amounts equal to 1% of the original principal amount of the loans, adjusted for optional and mandatory prepayments. However, due to a $20,000 prepayment made on May 16, 2016, the Company is no longer required to make the 1% annualized principal payments. The OBS Term Loan stipulates that if annual aggregate net cash proceeds of asset sales exceed $5,000, the net cash proceeds from each such sale are required to be reinvested in fixed or capital assets within twelve months of such sale or be used to prepay the principal balance outstanding of the facility.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company made a mandatory prepayment of $28,166 and an optional prepayment of $47,000 on its OBS Term Loan. The aggregate net loss of $981 realized on these transactions during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 reflects a write-off of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs associated with the principal reductions and is included in other expense in the consolidated statements of operations.
The OBS Term Loan is subject to additional mandatory annual prepayments in an aggregate principal amount of up to 50% of Excess Cash Flow. As of September 30, 2018, management determined that no prepayments will be required for the OBS Term Loan for 2019 because the optional prepayment made in 2018 discussed above was in excess of the amounts that would otherwise have been payable.
The Exit Financing Facilities also contain certain restrictions relating to new borrowings, and the movement of funds between OBS and OSG (as Parent Company), which is not a borrower under the Exit Financing Facilities, as set forth in the respective loan agreements. The Parent Company’s ability to receive cash dividends, loans or advances from OBS is restricted under the Exit Financing Facilities. The Available Amount for cash dividends, loans or advances to the Parent Company permitted under the OBS Term Loan was $69,211 as of September 30, 2018.
The OBS Term Loan, maturing on August 5, 2019, has an outstanding principal balance of $380,000 and has been classified as current installments of long-term debt on the balance sheet at September 30, 2018. The Company has commitments to refinance a total of $352,500 of the Company's term debt through a new term loan with a syndicate of lenders for $325,000 and another loan for $27,500. While these financings are subject to customary closing conditions, the Company anticipates closing of both long-term facilities during the fourth quarter of 2018. In addition, the Company will utilize $27,500 of existing cash to fund the remaining amount due.
Note 8 — Taxes
For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded income tax benefits of $23,385 and $3,110, respectively, which represented effective tax rates of 205% and 33%, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded income tax benefit/(provision) of $21,821 and $(2,052), respectively, which represented effective tax rates of 691% and 47%, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 was substantially due to the settlement of the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) exam of the 2012 through 2015 audit years, offset in part by the reduction of the statutory federal rate from 35% to 21% with the signing into law the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) on December 22, 2017. The effective tax rate for the period in both 2018 and 2017 was different from the statutory rate primarily as a result of the income tax provision resulting from stock compensation pursuant to ASU 2016-09 offset in part by the non-taxability of income subject to U.S. tonnage tax. The effective tax rate for the 2018 period was also impacted by the TCJA interest and executive compensation deduction limitations.

17

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


The Company recorded reasonable estimates of the impact of the TCJA on the Company’s deferred tax balances as provisional estimates at December 31, 2017 in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118. The Company, through the third quarter, has and will continue to analyze additional information and guidance related to the TCJA as supplemental legislation, regulatory guidance or evolving technical interpretations become available. However, none of the additional guidance through the third quarter has resulted in a change to the Company's provisional estimate recorded at December 31, 2017. The Company continues to expect to complete its analysis during the fourth quarter of 2018. The Company does not believe potential adjustments in future periods would materially impact its financial condition or results of operations.
As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company recorded a noncurrent reserve for uncertain tax positions of $218 and $3,205, respectively, after taking into consideration tax attributes, such as net operating loss carryforwards, and accrued interest and penalties of $0 and $911, respectively.

The IRS completed its examination of the Company's tax returns for fiscal years 2012 through 2015 and received notification that the Congressional Joint Committee on Taxation completed their review of the report on July 2, 2018 and did not take exception to the conclusions reached by the IRS. The tax benefit that had been previously reserved because of a failure to meet the “more likely than not” recognition threshold was recognized in the Company's income tax provision at September 30, 2018. As a result, the Company reduced its unrecognized tax benefits by $36,671 and recognized a tax benefit of $21,720.

Note 9 — Related Parties
Equity Method Investment
Investments in and advances to affiliated companies are comprised of the Company’s 37.5% interest in Alaska Tanker Company, LLC (“ATC”), which manages vessels carrying Alaskan crude for BP West Coast Products, LLC (“BP”). In the first quarter of 1999, OSG, BP, and Keystone Shipping Company formed ATC to manage the vessels carrying crude oil for BP. ATC provides marine transportation services in the environmentally sensitive Alaskan crude oil trade. Each member in ATC is entitled to receive its respective share of any incentive charter hire payable by BP to ATC.
Guarantees
INSW entered into guarantee arrangements in connection with the spin-off from OSG on November 30, 2016, in favor of Qatar Liquefied Gas Company Limited (2) (“LNG Charterer”) and relating to certain LNG Tanker Time Charter Party Agreements with the LNG Charterer and each of Overseas LNG H1 Corporation, Overseas LNG H2 Corporation, Overseas LNG S1 Corporation and Overseas LNG S2 Corporation (such agreements, the “LNG Charter Party Agreements,” and such guarantees, collectively, the “LNG Performance Guarantees”).
OSG continues to provide a guarantee in favor of the LNG Charterer relating to the LNG Charter Party Agreements (such guarantees, the ‘‘OSG LNG Performance Guarantee’’). INSW will indemnify OSG for liabilities arising from the OSG LNG Performance Guarantees pursuant to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement. The maximum potential liability associated with this guarantee is not estimable because obligations are only based on future non-performance events of charter arrangements. In connection with the OSG LNG Performance Guarantees, INSW will pay a $135 fee per year to OSG, which is subject to escalation after 2018 and will be terminated if OSG ceases to provide the OSG LNG Performance Guarantee.
Note 10 — Capital Stock and Stock Compensation

Share and Warrant Repurchases

During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, in connection with the vesting of restricted stock units, the Company repurchased 163,464 shares of Class A common stock at an average cost of $2.20 per share (based on the market prices on the dates of vesting) from certain members of management to cover withholding taxes.
Warrant Conversions 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company issued 5,605,911 shares of Class A common stock as a result of the exercise of 29,581,938 Class A warrants. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the Company issued 4,477,726 shares of Class A common stock as a result of the exercise of 23,625,925 Class A warrants. 
Stock Compensation 
The Company accounts for stock compensation expense in accordance with the fair value based method required by ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. Such fair value based method requires share based payment transactions to be measured based on the fair value of the equity instruments issued.

Director Compensation — Restricted Stock Units

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company awarded 19,100 and 170,400, respectively, time-based restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to its non-employee directors. The weighted average grant date fair value of the Company's stock on the measurement date of such awards was $3.34 and $3.62 per RSU, respectively. Such RSUs vest in full on the first anniversary of the grant date, subject to each director continuing to provide services to the Company through such date.

Management CompensationRestricted Stock Units and Stock Options  

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company granted 0 and 365,584 RSUs to its employees, including senior officers, respectively. The average grant date fair value of these awards was $1.70 per RSU. Each RSU represents a contingent right to receive one share of Class A common stock upon vesting. Each award of RSUs will vest in equal installments on each of the first three anniversaries of the grant date.
In addition, during the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company awarded 330,882 shares of the Company's Class A common stock to one of its senior officers, net of all taxes, which vested immediately. The average grant date fair value of these awards was $1.70.
During the three and nine months months ended September 30, 2018, the Company awarded 0 and 142,060 performance-based RSUs to its senior officers. Each performance-based RSU represents a contingent right to receive RSUs based upon continuous employment through the end of a three-year performance period (the “Performance Period”) and shall vest as follows: (i) one-half of the target RSUs shall vest and become nonforfeitable subject to OSG’s return on invested capital (“ROIC”) performance in the three-year ROIC performance period relative to a target rate (the “ROIC Target”) set forth in the award agreements (the formula for ROIC is net operating profit after taxes divided by the net of total debt plus shareholders equity less cash); and (ii) one–half of the target RSUs will be subject to OSG’s three–year total shareholder return (“TSR Target”) performance relative to that of a performance index over a three–year TSR performance period. The index will consist of companies that comprise a combination of the oil and gas storage and transportation and marine GICS sub-industries indexes during the Performance Period. Vesting is subject in each case to the Human Resources and Compensation Committee’s certification of achievement of the performance measures and targets.
Both the ROIC Target RSUs and the TSR Target RSUs are subject to an increase up to a maximum of 106,545 target RSUs, respectively, (aggregate 213,090 target RSUs) or decrease depending on performance against the applicable measure and targets. The ROIC performance goal is a performance condition which, as of September 30, 2018, management believed was considered probable of being achieved. Accordingly, for financial reporting purposes, compensation costs have been recognized. The grant date fair value of the TSR based performance awards, which have a market condition, was determined to be $1.70 per RSU.
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company awarded 0 and 494,118 stock options to one of its senior officers, respectively, which vested immediately. Each stock option represents an option to purchase one share of Class A common stock for an exercise price of $1.70 per share. The call option value of the options was $0.92 per option. Under the grant agreement, the stock options have a holding requirement until the earliest to occur of (i) a change in control; (ii) the separation from service date, in the event of a termination of the grantee's employment by the Company without cause or by the grantee for good reason and (iii) the third anniversary of the grant date. The stock options expire on the business day immediately preceding the tenth anniversary of the award date. If a stock option grantee’s employment is terminated for cause (as defined in the applicable Form of Grant Agreement), stock options (whether then vested or exercisable or not) will lapse and will not be exercisable. If a stock option grantee’s employment is terminated for reasons other than cause, the option recipient may exercise the vested portion of the stock option but only within such period of time ending on the earlier to occur of (i) the 90th day ending after the option holder’s employment terminated and (ii) the expiration of the options, provided that if the

18

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


option holder’s employment terminates for death or disability the vested portion of the option may be exercised until the earlier of (i) the first anniversary of employment termination and (ii) the expiration date of the options.
Note 11 — Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of related taxes, in the condensed consolidated balance sheets follow:
As of
September 30,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
Unrealized losses on derivative instruments
$

 
$
(112
)
Items not yet recognized as a component of net periodic benefit cost (pension and other postretirement benefit plans)
(6,017
)
 
(6,350
)
 Accumulated other comprehensive loss
$
(6,017
)
 
$
(6,462
)

19

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


The following tables present the changes in the balances of each component of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of related taxes, during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017
 
Unrealized losses
on cash flow
hedges
 
Items not yet
recognized as a
component of net
periodic benefit
cost (pension and
other
postretirement
plans)
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of June 30, 2018
$

 
$
(6,120
)
 
$
(6,120
)
Current period change, excluding amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

 
18

 
18

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income

 
85

 
85

Total change in accumulated other comprehensive income

 
103

 
103

Balance as of September 30, 2018
$

 
$
(6,017
)
 
$
(6,017
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of June 30, 2017
$
(669
)
 
$
(6,806
)
 
$
(7,475
)
Current period change, excluding amounts reclassified from
accumulated other comprehensive income
(149
)
 
188

 
39

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
415

 

 
415

Total change in accumulated other comprehensive income
266

 
188

 
454

Balance as of September 30, 2017
$
(403
)
 
$
(6,618
)
 
$
(7,021
)
 
Unrealized losses
on cash flow
hedges
 
Items not yet
recognized as a
component of net
periodic benefit
cost (pension and
other
postretirement
plans)
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2017
$
(112
)
 
$
(6,350
)
 
$
(6,462
)
Current period change, excluding amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
(69
)
 
79

 
10

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
181

 
254

 
435

Total change in accumulated other comprehensive income
112

 
333

 
445

Balance as of September 30, 2018
$

 
$
(6,017
)
 
$
(6,017
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance as of December 31, 2016
$
(1,019
)
 
$
(7,141
)
 
$
(8,160
)
Current period change, excluding amounts reclassified from
accumulated other comprehensive income
(348
)
 
523

 
175

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
964

 

 
964

Total change in accumulated other comprehensive income
616

 
523

 
1,139

Balance as of September 30, 2017
$
(403
)
 
$
(6,618
)
 
$
(7,021
)

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OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


The income tax expense allocated to unrealized gains on cash flow hedges for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $0 and $69, respectively. These amounts reflected the current period change, excluding amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss.
Note 12 — Leases
Charters-in
As of September 30, 2018, the Company had commitments to charter-in 10 vessels. All of the charters-in are accounted for as operating leases and all are bareboat charters. Lease expense relating to charters-in is included in charter hire expenses in the consolidated statements of operations. The base term for nine vessels expires in December 2019. The Company holds options for the charters-in that can be exercised for 1, 3 or 5 years with the 1 year option only usable once, while the 3 and 5 year options are available forever. The lease payments for the charters-in are fixed throughout the option periods and the options are on a vessel by vessel basis that can be exercised individually. For nine vessels, the Company is required to declare its intention under the options by December 11, 2018. For the tenth vessel, the contract has been extended until June 2025.
The future minimum commitments and related number of operating days under these operating leases are as follows:
At September 30, 2018
 
Amount
 
Operating Days
2018
 
$
23,037

 
920

2019
 
111,819

 
3,470

2020
 
9,168

 
366

2021
 
9,143

 
365

2022
 
9,143

 
365

Thereafter
 
22,846

 
912

Net minimum lease payments
 
$
185,156

 
6,398

The bareboat charters-in provide for the payment of profit share to the owners of the vessels calculated in accordance with the respective charter agreements. Because such amounts and the periods impacted are not reasonably estimable, they are not currently reflected in the table above. Due to reserve funding requirements and current rate forecasts, no profits are currently expected to be paid to the owners in respect of the charter term through December 31, 2019.

Charters-out

The future minimum revenues, before reduction for brokerage commissions and which include rent escalations, expected to be received on noncancelable time charters and certain contracts of affreightment (“COAs”) for which minimum annual revenues can be reasonably estimated and the related revenue days (revenue days represent calendar days, less days that vessels are not available for employment due to repairs, drydock or lay-up) are as follows:
At September 30, 2018
 
Amount
 
Revenue 
Days
2018
 
$
58,313

 
1,039

2019
 
164,949

 
2,689

2020
 
43,658

 
533

2021
 
26,624

 
324

2022
 
30,675

 
365

Thereafter
 
77,464

 
886

Net minimum lease receipts
 
$
401,683

 
5,836

Future minimum revenues do not include COAs for which minimum annual revenues cannot be reasonably estimated. Revenues from those COAs that are included in the table above, $5,697 (2018), $23,031 (2019) and $6,356 (2020), are based on minimum annual volumes of cargo to be loaded during the contract periods at a fixed price and do not contemplate early

21

OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE AMOUNTS


termination of the COAs as provided in the agreements. Amounts that would be due to the Company in the event of the cancellation of the COA contracts have not been reflected in the table above. Revenues from a time charter are not generally received when a vessel is off-hire, including time required for normal periodic maintenance of the vessel. In arriving at the minimum future charter revenues, an estimated time off-hire to perform periodic maintenance on each vessel has been deducted, although there is no assurance that such estimate will be reflective of the actual off-hire in the future.
Note 13 — Vessels
In June 2018, one of the Company's ATBs was berthed to the dock when a third-party ship transiting the channel hit the Company's ATB causing structural damage to the Company's ATB and damage to the dock. The cost of repairs has been covered by existing insurance policies. The Company has filed a lawsuit against the third-party ship seeking recovery of its costs of repairs as well as its lost earnings from the ATB being off-hire for 46 repair days.
In July 2018, the Company signed binding contracts with Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Company Ltd. for the construction of two 50,000 deadweight tons class product chemical tankers for anticipated delivery to the Company during the second half of 2019. The Company's annual commitments under the contracts are $7,500 in the remainder of 2018 and $60,000 in 2019, of which the majority is due when the vessels are accepted by the Company.
Additionally, in July 2018, the Company signed a binding contract with Gunderson Marine LLC for the construction of one, approximately 204,000 BBL, oil and chemical tank barge for anticipated delivery to the Company during the first half of 2020. The Company's annual commitments under the contract are $7,643 in the remainder of 2018, $35,665 in 2019 and $5,095 in 2020.
Note 14 — Contingencies
The Company’s policy for recording legal costs related to contingencies is to expense such legal costs as incurred.
Legal Proceedings Arising in the Ordinary Course of Business
The Company is a party, as plaintiff or defendant, to various suits in the ordinary course of business for monetary relief arising principally from personal injuries (including without limitation exposure to asbestos and other toxic materials), wrongful death, collision or other casualty and to claims arising under charter parties. A substantial majority of such personal injury, wrongful death, collision or other casualty claims against the Company are covered by insurance (subject to deductibles not material in amount). Each of the claims involves an amount which, in the opinion of management, are not expected to be material to the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows.

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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including this MD&A section, contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements include, among others, statements about our beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, estimates and intentions that are subject to significant risks and uncertainties and are subject to change based on various factors, many of which are beyond our control. The words "may," "could," "should," "would," "believe," "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "plan," "target," "goal," and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.
All forward-looking statements, by their nature, are subject to risks and uncertainties. Our actual future results may differ materially from those set forth in our forward-looking statements. Please see the section titled “Forward-Looking Statements” and Item 1A. Risk Factors of our 2017 Report on Form 10-K, as updated in our subsequent quarterly reports filed on Form 10-Q and in our other filings made from time to time with the SEC after the date of this report.
Other factors besides those listed in our Quarterly Report or in our Annual Report also could adversely affect our results, and you should not consider any such list of factors to be a complete set of all potential risks or uncertainties. Such factors include, but are not limited to:
the highly cyclical nature of OSG’s industry;
the market value of vessels fluctuates significantly;
an increase in the supply of Jones Act vessels without a commensurate increase in demand;
changing economic, political and governmental conditions in the United States or abroad and general conditions in the oil and natural gas industry;
changes in fuel prices;
the adequacy of OSG’s insurance to cover its losses, including in connection with maritime accidents or spill events;
constraints on capital availability;
public health threats;
acts of piracy, terrorist attacks and international hostilities and instability;
the Company’s compliance with 46 U.S.C. sections 50501 and 55101 (commonly known as the “Jones Act”) and the heightened exposure to the Jones Act market fluctuations and reduced diversification following the spin-off from OSG on November 30, 2016 of International Seaways, Inc. (INSW), which owned or leased OSG’s fleet of International Flag vessels;
the effect of the Company’s indebtedness on its ability to finance operations, pursue desirable business operations and successfully run its business in the future;
the Company’s ability to generate sufficient cash to service its existing indebtedness and to comply with existing debt covenants, as well as the Company’s ability to refinance or repay existing indebtedness at or prior to maturity;
changes in demand in specialized markets in which the Company currently trades;
competition within the Company’s industry and OSG’s ability to compete effectively for charters;
the Company’s ability to renew its time charters when they expire or to enter into new time charters, to replace its operating leases on favorable terms;
the Company’s ability to realize benefits from its acquisitions or other strategic transactions;
the loss of, or reduction in business by, the Company's largest customers;
refusal of certain customers to use vessels of a certain age;
the Company's significant operating leases could be replaced on less favorable terms or may not be replaced;
changes in credit risk with respect to the Company’s counterparties on contracts or the failure of contract counterparties to meet their obligations;
increasing operating costs, unexpected drydock costs or increasing capital expenses as the Company’s vessels age, including increases due to unanticipated events relating to secondhand vessels and the consolidation of suppliers;
unexpected drydock costs for the Company's vessels;
the potential for technological innovation to reduce the value of the Company’s vessels and charter income derived therefrom;
the impact of an interruption in or failure of the Company’s information technology and communication systems upon the Company’s ability to operate or a cybersecurity breach;
work stoppages or other labor disruptions by the unionized employees of OSG or other companies in related industries or the impact of any potential liabilities resulting from withdrawal from participation in multiemployer plans;
the Company’s ability to attract, retain and motivate key employees;

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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

ineffective internal controls;
the impact of a delay or disruption in implementing new technological and management systems;
the impact of potential changes in U.S. tax laws;
limitations on U.S. coastwise trade, or the waiver, modification or repeal of the Jones Act limitations, or changes in international trade agreements;
government requisition of the Company’s vessels during a period of war or emergency;
the Company’s compliance with complex laws, regulations and in particular, environmental laws and regulations, including those relating to the emission of greenhouse gases and ballast water treatment;
the inability to clear oil majors’ risk assessment process;
the impact of litigation, government inquiries and investigations;
the arrest of OSG’s vessels by maritime claimants;
the Company’s ability to use its net operating loss carryforwards;
the market price of the Company's securities fluctuates significantly;
the Company's ability to sell warrants may be limited and the exercise of outstanding warrants may result in substantial dilution;
the Company's common stock is subject to restrictions on foreign ownership;
OSG is a holding company and depends on the ability of its subsidiaries to distribute funds to it in order to satisfy its financial obligations or pay dividends;
some provisions of Delaware law and the Company’s governing documents could influence its ability to effect a change of control; and
securities analysts may not initiate coverage or continue to cover the Company’s securities.

The Company assumes no obligation to update or revise any forward looking statements. Forward looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and written and oral forward looking statements attributable to the Company or its representatives after the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statement contained in this paragraph and in other reports hereafter filed by the Company with the SEC.

Business Overview
OSG is a publicly traded tanker company providing energy transportation services for crude oil and petroleum products in the U.S. Flag markets. OSG is a major operator of tankers and ATBs in the Jones Act industry. OSG’s 23-vessel U.S. Flag fleet consists of seven ATBs, two lightering ATBs, three shuttle tankers, nine MR tankers and two non-Jones Act MR tankers that participate in the U.S. Maritime Security Program (“MSP”). OSG is committed to setting high standards of excellence for its quality, safety and environmental programs. OSG is recognized as one of the world’s most customer-focused marine transportation companies and is headquartered in Tampa, FL. Our revenues are derived predominantly from time charter agreements for specific periods of time at fixed daily amounts. We also charter-out vessels for specific voyages where we typically earn freight revenue at spot market rates.
The following is a discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017. You should consider the foregoing when reviewing the condensed consolidated financial statements, including the notes thereto, and this discussion and analysis. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes industry data and forecasts that we have prepared based in part on information obtained from industry publications and surveys. Third-party industry publications, surveys and forecasts generally state that the information contained therein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable. In addition, certain statements regarding our market position in this report are based on information derived from internal market studies and research reports. Unless we state otherwise, statements about the Company’s relative competitive position in this report are based on management's beliefs, internal studies and management's knowledge of industry trends. 

All dollar amounts are in thousands, except daily dollar amounts and per share amounts.

Operations and Oil Tanker Markets
Our revenues are highly sensitive to patterns of supply and demand for vessels of the size and design configurations owned and operated by us and the trades in which those vessels operate. Rates for the transportation of crude oil and refined petroleum products are determined by market forces such as the supply and demand for oil, the distance that cargoes must be transported and the number of vessels expected to be available at the time such cargoes need to be transported. In the Jones Act trades within which the substantial majority of our vessels operate, demand factors for transportation are affected almost exclusively

24


 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

by supply and distribution decisions of oil producers, refiners and distributors based in the United States. Further, the demand for U.S. domestic oil shipments is significantly affected by the state of the U.S. and global economy, the level of imports into the U.S. from OPEC and other foreign producers, oil production in the United States, and the relative price differentials of U.S. produced crude oil and refined petroleum products as compared with comparable products sourced from or destined for foreign markets, including the cost of transportation on international flag vessels to or from those markets. The number of vessels is affected by newbuilding deliveries and by the removal of existing vessels from service, principally through storage, deletions, or conversions. Our revenues are also affected by the mix of charters between spot (voyage charter which includes short-term time charter) and long-term (time or bareboat charter).
We consider attaining the stability of cash flow offered by time charters to be a fundamental characteristic of the objectives of our chartering approach. As such, over time we seek to pursue an overall chartering strategy that covers the majority of available vessel operating days with medium-term charters or contracts of affreightment. Medium-term charters may not always be remunerative, nor prove achievable under certain market conditions. As such, during periods of uncertainty in our markets, more of our vessels could be exposed to the spot market, which is more volatile and less predictable. Because shipping revenues and voyage expenses are significantly affected by the mix between voyage charters and time charters, we manage our vessels based on time charter equivalent (“TCE”) revenues and TCE rates, which are non-GAAP measures. TCE revenues equal GAAP shipping revenues, less voyage expenses. TCE rates are determined by dividing TCE revenues by revenue days. These measures are used because management makes economic decisions based on anticipated TCE rates and evaluates financial performance based on TCE rates achieved.

Estimated TCE rates for Jones Act Product Carriers and large ATBs available for service in the spot market increased during the third quarter of 2018 compared to third quarter of 2017 for each class of vessel. The increase can be attributed to higher demand for coastwise crude oil transportation driven by the discount of domestic to international crude prices. In addition, the new construction phase of vessels is winding down and the supply of vessels are beginning to tighten through scrapping, lay ups and sales out of Jones Act service. Although spot market rates have increased, there has been a slow down in spot market activity due to an increase in vessels being contracted out for term service. As customer requirements are being met through term charters, the demand for the number of spot moves has decreased, resulting in more idle time between spot voyages.

As of September 30, 2018, the industry’s entire Jones Act fleet of Product Carriers and large ATBs (defined as vessels having carrying capacities of between 140,000 barrels and 350,000 barrels, which excludes numerous tank barges below 140,000 barrel capacity and 11 much larger tankers dedicated exclusively to the Alaskan crude oil trade) consisted of 93 vessels, compared with 96 vessels as of September 30, 2017. There were no deliveries and one large ATB was scrapped in the third quarter of 2018.

The industry’s firm Jones Act orderbook as of September 30, 2018 consisted of two large ATBs with deliveries scheduled in the fourth quarter of 2018 and first half of 2020. The 2020 new build ATB was ordered by the Company in July 2018. The contract is with Gunderson Marine LLC for the construction of one, approximately 204,000 BBL, oil and chemical tank barge, which will participate in the Jones Act trade.

Delaware Bay lightering volumes averaged 155,000 b/d in the the third quarter of 2018 compared with 161,000 b/d in the second quarter of 2018 and 170,000 b/d in the third quarter of 2017. The decrease primarily resulted from increased use of domestic crude versus imported crude.

Critical Accounting Policies
The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, which require the Company to make estimates in the application of its accounting policies based on the best assumptions, judgments and opinions of management. For a description of all of the Company’s material accounting policies, see Note 3, “Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to the Company’s consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for 2017
The Company adopted ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASC 606), effective January 1, 2018. Under the new standard, the Company recognizes revenue from voyage charters ratably over the estimated length of each voyage, calculated on a load-to-discharge basis. Under existing U.S. GAAP in 2017 and prior, voyage revenues and expenses were recognized ratably over the estimated length of each voyage, calculated on a discharge-to-discharge basis. See Note 4, “Revenue Recognition,” for additional accounting policy and transition disclosures.


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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Results of Vessel Operations
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, shipping revenues decreased by $12,734 and $20,678 or 13.7% and 6.9%, respectively, compared to the same period in 2017. The decrease primarily resulted from (a) an increase in drydock and repair days, (b) an increase in repair days for one vessel that was hit by a third-party ship, (c) one less Government of Israel voyage during the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, and (d) one less vessel in operation during the third quarter 2018 compared to same period in 2017. In the future, we expect revenues from long–term time charters to increase and revenues from spot market charters to decrease, which should result in decreased exposure to fluctuations in spot market rates. During the third quarter of 2018, we secured multiple new time charter agreements and extended our contract of affreightment with the Government of Israel through the end of 2020.
Reconciliation of TCE revenues, a non-GAAP measure, to shipping revenues as reported in the consolidated statements of operations follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Time charter equivalent revenues
$
72,055

 
$
84,882

 
$
246,798

 
$
278,282

Add: Voyage expenses
8,481

 
8,388

 
30,135

 
19,329

Shipping revenues
$
80,536

 
$
93,270

 
$
276,933

 
$
297,611

 
The following tables provide a breakdown of TCE rates achieved for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, between spot and fixed earnings and the related revenue days.
 
 
2018
 
2017
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Spot Earnings
 
Fixed Earnings
 
Spot Earnings
 
Fixed Earnings
Jones Act Handysize Product Carriers:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
17,133

 
$
56,999

 
$
24,466

 
$
64,553

Revenue days
 
276

 
797

 
367

 
732

Non-Jones Act Handysize Product Carriers:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
16,541

 
$

 
$
35,054

 
$

Revenue days
 
184

 

 
179

 

ATBs:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
15,233

 
$
22,171

 
$
8,360

 
$
25,331

Revenue days
 
235

 
224

 
280

 
355

Lightering:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
65,023

 
$

 
$
59,857

 
$

Revenue days
 
158

 

 
184

 


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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

 
 
2018
 
2017
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
Spot Earnings
 
Fixed Earnings
 
Spot Earnings
 
Fixed Earnings
Jones Act Handysize Product Carriers:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
30,931

 
$
60,759

 
$
25,224

 
$
63,737

Revenue days
 
894

 
2,315

 
612

 
2,621

Non-Jones Act Handysize Product Carriers:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
28,506

 
$

 
$
32,543

 
$
14,031

Revenue days
 
526

 

 
382

 
159

ATBs:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
16,620

 
$
22,438

 
$
10,378

 
27,159

Revenue days
 
764

 
740

 
662

 
1,367

Lightering:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Average rate
 
$
66,648

 
$

 
$
67,998

 
$

Revenue days
 
513

 

 
546

 

During the third quarter of 2018, TCE revenues decreased by $12,827, or 15.1%, to $72,055 from $84,882 in the third quarter of 2017. Several factors contributed to the decrease in revenues including: (a) 52 day increase in scheduled drydocking, which is an out of service period used to perform required major maintenance to continue trading and maximize a vessel’s useful life, (b) 89 unplanned repair days, including one vessel that was hit by a third-party ship, (c) one less Government of Israel voyage during the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same period in 2017, (d) one less vessel in operation in the third quarter 2018 compared to third quarter 2017, and (e) seasonal slow-down manifested by fewer spot market opportunities. The new term charters we secured during the third quarter will increase our forward revenue day coverage for 2019 to approximately 65%. In the future, we expect revenues from long-term time charters to increase and revenues from spot market charters to decrease, which should result in decreased exposure to fluctuations in spot market rates.
Vessel expenses increased 2.0%, or $671, to $33,865 in the third quarter of 2018 from $33,194 in the third quarter of 2017 primarily due to an increase in crewing and transportation costs. Depreciation and amortization decreased by $1,562 to $12,828 in the third quarter of 2018 from $14,390 in the third quarter of 2017 primarily resulting from impairment charges recorded in prior years which reduced the carrying value and related depreciation expense of the rebuilt Jones Act ATBs that operate in the U.S. Gulf coastwise trade.
During the first nine months of 2018, TCE revenues decreased by $31,484, or 11.3%, to $246,798 from $278,282 in the first nine months of 2017. Also, the total number of revenue days decreased from 6,349 days in 2017 to 5,752 days in 2018. Several factors contributed to these decreases: (a) 77 day increase in scheduled drydocking, which is an out of service period used to perform required major maintenance to continue trading and maximize a vessel’s useful life, (b) 99 day increase in unplanned repair days, including one vessel that was hit by a third-party ship, and (c) two less vessels in operation during the first nine months of 2018 compared to the first nine months of 2017. In the future, we expect revenues from long-term time charters to increase and revenues from spot market charters to decrease, which should result in decreased exposure to fluctuations in spot market rates.
Vessel expenses remained stable at $101,025 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared to $101,438 for the same period in 2017. Depreciation and amortization decreased by $8,473 to $37,627 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 from $46,100 for the same period in 2017 primarily resulting from impairment charges recorded in prior years which reduced the carrying value and related depreciation expense of the rebuilt Jones Act ATBs that operate in the U.S. Gulf coastwise trade.
Our two reflagged U.S. Flag Product Carriers participate in the U.S. Maritime Security Program (the “Program”), which ensures that militarily useful U.S. Flag vessels are available to the U.S. Department of Defense in the event of war or national emergency. We receive an annual subsidy, subject in each case to annual congressional appropriations, which is intended to offset the increased cost incurred by such vessels from operating under the U.S. Flag. For fiscal year 2018, we expect to receive $5,000 for each vessel. This funding level is expected to continue through 2020, and increase to $5,200 beginning in 2021, subject to congressional funding. During fiscal year 2017, we received $5,400 and $4,500 annual subsidy for each vessel, respectively. We do not receive a subsidy for any days for which either of the two vessels operate under a time charter to a U.S. government agency.

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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

In June 2018, one of the Company's ATBs was berthed to the dock when a third-party ship transiting the channel hit the Company's ATB causing structural damage to the Company's ATB and damage to the dock. The cost of repairs has been covered by existing insurance policies. The Company has filed a lawsuit against the third-party ship seeking recovery of its costs of repairs as well as its lost earnings from the ATB being off-hire for 46 repair days.
General and Administrative Expenses
During the third quarter of 2018, general and administrative expenses remained relatively flat at $6,410 compared to $6,333 in the third quarter of 2017.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, general and administrative expenses decreased by $838 to $19,778 from $20,616 in the first nine months of 2017. This decrease was primarily driven by lower IT-related costs.
Interest Expense
Interest expense was $7,828 and $23,401 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 compared with $9,474 and $28,277 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017. The decrease in interest expense was primarily associated with the impact of the prepayments of $75,166 during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 for our OBS Term Loan and our redemption of the 8.125% Senior Notes.

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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Income Taxes
For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we recorded income tax benefits of $23,385 and $3,110, respectively, which represented effective tax rates of 205% and 33%, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we recorded an income tax benefit/(provision) of $21,821 and $(2,052), respectively, which represented effective tax rates of 691% and 47%, respectively. The increase in the effective tax rate for the 2018 period compared to the 2017 period was substantially due to the completion of the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) exam of the 2012 through 2015 audit years slightly offset by the reduction of the statutory federal rate from 35% to 21% with the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) on December 22, 2017. We recorded reasonable estimates of the impact of the TCJA on our deferred tax balances as provisional estimates at December 31, 2017 in accordance with SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118. We, through the third quarter, have and will continue to analyze additional information and guidance related to the TCJA as supplemental legislation, regulatory guidance or evolving technical interpretations become available. However, none of the additional guidance through the third quarter has resulted in a change to our provisional estimate recorded at December 31, 2017. We continue to expect to complete our analysis during the fourth quarter of 2018. We do not believe potential adjustments in future periods would materially impact our financial condition or results of operations.

The IRS completed its examination of the Company's tax returns for fiscal years 2012 through 2015 and the Company received notification that the Joint Committee on Taxation completed their review of the report on July 2, 2018. As a result of the closure of the examination in July, the Company reduced its unrecognized tax benefits by $36,671 and recognized a tax benefit of $21,720 during the third quarter. Refer to Note 8 - “Taxes,” for further details.

Liquidity and Sources of Capital
Our business is capital intensive. Our ability to successfully implement our strategy is dependent on the continued availability of capital on attractive terms. In addition, our ability to successfully operate our business to meet near-term and long-term debt repayment obligations is dependent on maintaining sufficient liquidity.
Liquidity
The OBS Term Loan, maturing on August 5, 2019, has an outstanding principal balance of $380,000 and has been classified as current installments of long-term debt on the balance sheet at September 30, 2018. We have commitments to refinance a total of $352,500 of our term debt through a new term loan with a syndicate of lenders for $325,000 and another loan for $27,500. While these financings are subject to customary closing conditions, we anticipate closing of both long-term facilities during the fourth quarter of 2018. In addition, we will utilize $27,500 of existing cash to fund the remaining amount due.
Working capital at September 30, 2018 was approximately $(260,000) compared with approximately $145,000 at December 31, 2017. Excluding the current installments of long-term debt at September 30, 2018, working capital was approximately $117,000. Additional decreases to working capital were due to the mandatory prepayment of $28,166 and an optional prepayment of $47,000 we made on our OBS Term Loan. The decrease was offset by increases to working capital as a result of timing of receivable collections and accounts payable payments made at September 30, 2018 compared to December 31, 2017, as well as, we generated cash flow from operations during the current year.
As of September 30, 2018, we had total liquidity on a consolidated basis of $199,201, comprised of $124,201 of cash (including $224 of restricted cash) and $75,000 of undrawn revolver capacity. We manage our cash in accordance with our intercompany cash management system subject to the requirements of our Exit Financing Facilities. Our cash and cash equivalents, as well as our restricted cash balances, generally exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation insurance limits. We place our cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash in what we believe to be credit-worthy financial institutions. In addition, certain of our money market accounts invest in U.S. Treasury securities or other obligations issued or guaranteed by the U.S. government, or its agencies.
As of September 30, 2018, we had total debt outstanding (net of original issue discount and deferred financing costs) of$377,583 and a total debt to total capitalization of 53.1%, compared to 58.7% at December 31, 2017.
Restricted cash as of September 30, 2018 is related to the Unsecured Senior Notes.
Sources, Uses and Management of Capital

We generate significant cash flows through our complementary mix of time charters, voyage charters and contracts of affreightment. Net cash provided by operating activities in the nine months ended September 30, 2018 was $43,697. In addition

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 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

to operating cash flows, our other sources of funds may include additional borrowings as permitted under the Exit Financing Facilities, proceeds from issuances of equity securities and proceeds from the opportunistic sales of our vessels. In the past we also have been able to obtain funds from the issuance of long-term debt securities. We expect to continue to engage in similar transactions, from time to time, consistent with achieving the objectives of our business plan.
We use capital to fund working capital requirements, maintain the quality of our vessels, comply with U.S. and international shipping standards and environmental laws and regulations, repay or repurchase our outstanding debt and to repurchase our common stock from time to time. The OBS Term Loan requires that a portion of Excess Cash Flow (as defined in the term loan agreement) be used to prepay the outstanding principal balance of such loan. To the extent permitted under the terms of the Exit Financing Facilities we may also use cash generated by operations to finance capital expenditures to modernize and grow our fleet. 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, the Company made a mandatory prepayment of $28,166 and an optional prepayment of $47,000 on its OBS Term Loan. The aggregate net loss of $981 realized on these transactions during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 reflected write-off of unamortized original issue discount and deferred financing costs associated with the principal reductions and is in included in other income/(expense) in the consolidated statements of operations.
The Parent Company’s ability to receive cash dividends, loans or advances from OBS is restricted under the OBS Term Loan. The Available Amount for additional cash dividends, loans or advances to the Parent Company permitted under the OBS Term Loan was $69,211 as of September 30, 2018.
Future Commitments
In July 2018, the Company signed binding contracts with Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Company Ltd. for the construction of two 50,000 deadweight tons class product chemical tankers for anticipated delivery to the Company during the second half of 2019. The Company's annual commitments under the contracts are $7,500 in the remainder of 2018 and $60,000 in 2019, of which the majority is due when the vessels are accepted by the Company.
Additionally in July 2018, the Company signed a binding contract with Gunderson Marine LLC for the construction of one, approximately 204,000 BBL, oil and chemical tank barge for anticipated delivery to the Company during the first half of 2020. The Company's annual commitments under the contract are $7,643 in the remainder of 2018, $35,665 in 2019 and $5,095 in 2020.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
INSW entered into guarantee arrangements in connection with the spin-off with OSG on November 30, 2016, in favor of Qatar Liquefied Gas Company Limited (2) (“LNG Charterer”) and relating to certain LNG Tanker Time Charter Party Agreements with the LNG Charterer and each of Overseas LNG H1 Corporation, Overseas LNG H2 Corporation, Overseas LNG S1 Corporation and Overseas LNG S2 Corporation (such agreements, the “LNG Charter Party Agreements,” and such guarantees, collectively, the “LNG Performance Guarantees”).
OSG continues to provide a guarantee in favor of the LNG Charterer relating to the LNG Charter Party Agreements (such guarantees, the ‘‘OSG LNG Performance Guarantee’’). INSW will indemnify OSG for liabilities arising from the OSG LNG Performance Guarantees pursuant to the terms of the Separation and Distribution Agreement. The maximum potential liability associated with this guarantee is not estimable because obligations are only based on future non-performance events of charter arrangements. In connection with the OSG LNG Performance Guarantees, INSW will pay a $135 fee per year to OSG, which is subject to escalation after 2018 and will be terminated if OSG ceases to provide the OSG LNG Performance Guarantee.
Item 3: Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
During the nine months ended September 30, 2018, there were no material changes to our disclosures about market risk. For an in-depth discussion of our market risks, see “Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017

30


 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Item 4: Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
As of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, an evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management, including the CEO and CFO, concluded that the Company’s current disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2018 to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports the Company files or submits under the Exchange Act is (i) recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and (ii) accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
 
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
 
There was no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. 

31


 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.         Legal Proceedings
We are party to lawsuits arising out of the normal course of business. In management's opinion, there is no known pending litigation, the outcome of which would, individually or in the aggregate, have a material effect on our consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.
Item 1A.         Risk Factors
In addition to the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report, you should carefully consider the factors discussed in Part I, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in our 2017 Form 10-K, and as may be updated in our subsequent quarterly reports. The risks described in our 2017 Form 10-K are not the only risks facing us. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial also may materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or operating results. There have been no material changes in our risk factors from those disclosed in our 2017 Form 10-K.
Item 2.         Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
During the three months ended September 30, 2018, the Company did not repurchase any shares of Class A common stock.

Item 3.         Defaults upon senior securities
None. 

32


 OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

Item 4.         Mine Safety Disclosures
Not applicable.
Item 5.         Other information
None.
Item 6.         Exhibits
31.1
 
 
31.2
 
 
32
 
 
EX-101.INS
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
EX-101.SCH
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema
 
 
EX-101.CAL
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase
 
 
EX-101.DEF
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase
 
 
EX-101.LAB
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase
 
 
EX-101.PRE
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase


33


SIGNATURES 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC.
 
(Registrant)
 
 
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Samuel H. Norton
 
Samuel H. Norton
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Richard Trueblood
 
Richard Trueblood
 
Chief Financial Officer
 
(Mr. Trueblood is the Principal Financial Officer and has been duly authorized to sign on behalf of the Registrant)
 


34
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Section 2: EX-31.1 (EXHIBIT 31.1)

Exhibit


Exhibit 31.1
 
OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a) AND 15d-14(a), AS AMENDED
 
I, Samuel H. Norton, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc.
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:
a.
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;
b.
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.
Evaluated the effectiveness of the Registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.
Disclosed in this report any change in the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of Registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Samuel H. Norton
 
Samuel H. Norton
 
Chief Executive Officer



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Section 3: EX-31.2 (EXHIBIT 31.2)

Exhibit


Exhibit 31.2
 
OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-14(a) AND 15d-14(a), AS AMENDED
 
I, Richard Trueblood, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc.
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the Registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the Registrant and have:
a.
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the Registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this quarterly report is being prepared;
b.
 Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c.
Evaluated the effectiveness of the Registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d.
Disclosed in this report any change in the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The Registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the Registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of Registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a.
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the Registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b.
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the Registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Richard Trueblood
 
Richard Trueblood
 
Chief Financial Officer



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Section 4: EX-32 (EXHIBIT 32)

Exhibit


Exhibit 32
 
OVERSEAS SHIPHOLDING GROUP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
CERTIFICATION OF CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER
AND CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT 0F 2002
 
Each of the undersigned, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of Overseas Shipholding Group, Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certifies, to the best of his knowledge and belief, that the Form 10-Q of the Company for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018 (the “Periodic Report”) accompanying this certification fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)) and that the information contained in the Periodic Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company. This certification is provided solely for purposes of complying with the provisions of Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and is not intended to be used for any other purpose.
 
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Samuel H. Norton
 
Samuel H. Norton
 
Chief Executive Officer
 
 
Date: November 9, 2018
/s/ Richard Trueblood
 
Richard Trueblood
 
Chief Financial Officer


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