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Section 1: 10-Q (FORM 10-Q)

 

 

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

xQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2018

 

OR

 

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to ___________

 

Commission File Number: 0-25248

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

CAYMAN ISLANDS   98-0619652
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    
     
Regatta Office Park    
Windward Three, 4th Floor, West Bay Road    
P.O. Box 1114    
Grand Cayman KY1-1102    
Cayman Islands   N/A
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(345) 945-4277

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes       x     No       ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes         x     No         ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company”, and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨     Accelerated filer  x

 

Non-accelerated filer   ¨   Smaller reporting company   x    Emerging growth company    ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.           ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)  Yes       ¨     No         x

 

As of November 2, 2018, 14,964,281 shares of the registrant’s common stock, with US$0.60 par value, were outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

  Description   Page
PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION   4
Item 1 Financial Statements   4
       
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2018 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2017   4
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (Unaudited) for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017   5
       
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 and 2017   6
       
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)   7
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations   23
Item 3 Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk   37
Item 4 Controls and Procedures   37
       
PART II OTHER INFORMATION   38
Item 1 Legal Proceedings   38
Item 1A Risk Factors   40
Item 2 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds   44
Item 6 Exhibits   44
       
SIGNATURES   45

 

 2 

 

 

Note Regarding Currency and Exchange Rates

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “$” or “US$” are to United States dollars.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Cayman Island dollars (CI$) into US$, as determined by the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority, has been fixed since April 1974 at US$1.20 per CI$1.00.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Belize dollars (BZE$) into US$, as determined by the Central Bank of Belize, has been fixed since 1976 at US $0.50 per BZE$1.00.

 

The exchange rate for conversion of Bahamas dollars (B$) into US$, as determined by the Central Bank of The Bahamas, has been fixed since 1973 at US$1.00 per B$1.00.

 

The official currency of the British Virgin Islands is the US$.

 

Our Netherlands subsidiary conducts business in US$ and euros, our Indonesian subsidiary conducts business in US$ and Indonesian rupiahs, and our Mexico subsidiary conducts business in US$ and Mexican pesos. The exchange rates for conversion of euros, rupiahs and Mexican pesos into US$ vary based upon market conditions.

 

 3 

 

 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

   September 30,   December 31, 
   2018   2017 
    (Unaudited)      
ASSETS          
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents  $34,367,483   $47,182,966 
Accounts receivable, net   22,996,276    15,047,846 
Inventory   2,538,052    1,744,445 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   1,598,061    1,077,257 
Current portion of loans receivable   1,093,641    1,400,448 
Costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings   1,396,166    238,435 
Total current assets   63,989,679    66,691,397 
Property, plant and equipment, net   47,342,177    50,525,064 
Construction in progress   16,742,806    1,823,284 
Inventory, non-current   4,825,253    4,758,973 
Loans receivable   -    734,980 
Investment in OC-BVI   2,464,537    2,783,882 
Goodwill   8,384,248    8,384,248 
Land and rights of way held for development   23,673,855    21,505,675 
Intangible assets, net   2,710,790    3,765,434 
Other assets   2,369,214    4,507,958 
Total assets  $172,502,559   $165,480,895 
           
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable and other current liabilities  $6,539,508   $5,662,448 
Dividends payable   1,284,964    1,281,612 
Note payable to related party   1,078,000    686,000 
Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings   21,578    1,258 
Total current liabilities   8,924,050    7,631,318 
Deferred tax liability   757,447    1,024,893 
Other liabilities   778,307    803,307 
Total liabilities   10,459,804    9,459,518 
Commitments and contingencies          
Equity          
Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders' equity          
Redeemable preferred stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 200,000 shares; issued and outstanding 36,498 and 33,488 shares, respectively   21,899    20,093 
Class A common stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 24,655,000 shares; issued and outstanding 14,964,281 and 14,918,869 shares, respectively   8,978,569    8,951,321 
Class B common stock, $0.60 par value. Authorized 145,000 shares; none issued   -    - 
Additional paid-in capital   86,904,523    86,405,387 
Retained earnings   58,113,606    53,105,196 
Cumulative translation adjustment   (549,555)   (549,555)
Total Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders' equity   153,469,042    147,932,442 
Non-controlling interests   8,573,713    8,088,935 
Total equity   162,042,755    156,021,377 
Total liabilities and equity  $172,502,559   $165,480,895 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 4 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Retail revenues  $6,185,558   $5,570,654   $18,884,929   $18,111,274 
Bulk revenues   8,577,456    7,881,464    25,294,821    23,615,787 
Services revenues   807,424    111,302    1,054,100    360,758 
Manufacturing revenues   3,253,750    3,008,783    4,798,948    5,444,678 
Total revenues   18,824,188    16,572,203    50,032,798    47,532,497 
                     
Cost of retail revenues   2,750,599    2,488,441    8,234,803    7,895,617 
Cost of bulk revenues   5,658,373    5,582,401    16,848,668    15,750,402 
Cost of services revenues   682,713    114,667    921,653    320,586 
Cost of manufacturing revenues   2,205,830    2,078,888    3,300,370    3,967,945 
Total cost of revenues   11,297,515    10,264,397    29,305,494    27,934,550 
Gross profit   7,526,673    6,307,806    20,727,304    19,597,947 
General and administrative expenses   4,941,564    4,896,323    14,263,762    14,695,184 
Loss on asset dispositions and impairments, net   12,415    578,480    14,405    1,578,480 
Income from operations   2,572,694    833,003    6,449,137    3,324,283 
                     
Other income (expense):                    
Interest income   172,805    70,741    504,028    301,813 
Interest expense   (2,492)   (1,016)   (7,122)   (11,178)
Profit-sharing income from OC-BVI   536,625    36,450    621,675    46,575 
Equity in the earnings of OC-BVI   1,472,154    138,913    1,710,230    127,955 
Net unrealized gain (loss) on put/call options   75,000    171,000    (47,000)   323,000 
Other   48,841    31,206    (26,670)   83,791 
Other income, net   2,302,933    447,294    2,755,141    871,956 
Income before income taxes   4,875,627    1,280,297    9,204,278    4,196,239 
Provision for (benefit from) income taxes   12,659    (136,447)   (113,607)   (412,592)
Net income   4,862,968    1,416,744    9,317,885    4,608,831 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests   310,579    255,605    484,778    191,916 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders  $4,552,389   $1,161,139   $8,833,107   $4,416,915 
                     
Basic earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders  $0.30   $0.08   $0.59   $0.30 
                     
Diluted earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders  $0.30   $0.08   $0.58   $0.29 
                     
Dividends declared per common share  $0.085   $0.075   $0.255   $0.225 
                     
Weighted average number of common shares used in the determination of:                    
Basic earnings per share   14,963,195    14,898,246    14,960,602    14,886,738 
Diluted earnings per share   15,124,720    15,072,142    15,119,415    15,054,343 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 5 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2018   2017 
Net cash provided by operating activities  $5,388,005   $13,529,071 
           
Cash flows from investing activities          
Additions to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress   (13,709,598)   (3,016,713)
Proceeds from sale of equipment   51,590    18,827 
Collections on loans receivable   1,041,787    1,297,419 
Payment for land and rights of way held for development   (2,168,180)   (665,270)
Net cash used in investing activities   (14,784,401)   (2,365,737)
           
Cash flows from financing activities          
Dividends paid to common shareholders   (3,818,499)   (3,346,477)
Dividends paid to non-controlling interests   -    - 
Dividends paid to preferred shareholders   (2,846)   (8,665)
Issuance (repurchase) of redeemable preferred stock   10,258    12,456 
Proceeds received from exercise of stock options   -    - 
Repayment of note payable to related party   (392,000)   (490,000)
Issuance of note payable to related party   784,000    392,000 
Net cash used in financing activities   (3,419,087)   (3,440,686)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   (12,815,483)   7,722,648 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   47,182,966    39,254,116 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $34,367,483   $46,976,764 
           
Interest paid in cash  $6,539   $7,062 
           
Non-cash investing and financing activities          
Issuance of 7,409 and 9,441, respectively, shares of redeemable preferred stock for services rendered  $96,317   $118,485 
Issuance of 39,986 and 17,833, respectively, shares of common stock for services rendered  $441,161   $203,551 
Conversion (on a one-to-one basis) of 5,426 and 12,214, respectively, shares of redeemable preferred stock to common stock  $3,256   $7,328 
Dividends declared but not paid  $1,275,066   $1,120,176 
Transfers from inventory to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress  $304,279   $228,549 
Transfers from construction in progress to property, plant and equipment  $492,252   $2,109,960 
Transfers from other assets to construction in progress  $1,253,299   $- 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 6 

 

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

 

1. Principal activity

 

Consolidated Water Co. Ltd., and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) use reverse osmosis technology to produce potable water from seawater. The Company processes and supplies water and provides water-related products and services to its customers in the Cayman Islands, Belize, The Commonwealth of The Bahamas, the British Virgin Islands, the United States and Indonesia. The Company sells water to a variety of customers, including public utilities, commercial and tourist properties, residential properties and government facilities. The base price of water supplied by the Company, and adjustments thereto, are determined by the terms of a retail license and bulk water supply contracts which provide for adjustments based upon the movement in the government price indices specified in the license and contracts as well as monthly adjustments for changes in the cost of energy. The Company also manufactures and services a wide range of products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production, supply and treatment.

 

2. Accounting policies

 

Basis of presentation: The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company’s (i) wholly-owned subsidiaries, Aquilex, Inc., Cayman Water Company Limited (“Cayman Water”), Consolidated Water (Belize) Limited (“CW-Belize”), Ocean Conversion (Cayman) Limited (“OC-Cayman”), DesalCo Limited (“DesalCo”), Consolidated Water Cooperatief, U.A. (“CW-Cooperatief”), Consolidated Water U.S. Holdings, Inc. (“CW-Holdings”); and (ii) majority-owned subsidiaries Consolidated Water (Bahamas) Ltd. (“CW-Bahamas”), Aerex Industries, Inc. (“Aerex”), Consolidated Water (Asia) Pte. Limited, PT Consolidated Water Bali (“CW-Bali”), N.S.C. Agua, S.A. de C.V. (“NSC”) and Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”). The Company’s investment in its affiliate Ocean Conversion (BVI) Ltd. (“OC-BVI”) is accounted for using the equity method of accounting. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

The accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited. These condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (which are of a normal recurring nature) that, in the opinion of management, are necessary to fairly present the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the periods presented. The results of operations for these interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for future periods, including the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018.

 

These condensed consolidated financial statements and notes are presented in accordance with the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) relating to interim financial statements and in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“US GAAP”). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been condensed or omitted in these condensed financial statements pursuant to SEC rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made herein are adequate to make the information not misleading. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Foreign currency: The Company’s reporting currency is the United States dollar (“US$”). The functional currency of the Company and its foreign operating subsidiaries (other than NSC, AdR, CW-Cooperatief and CW-Bali) is the currency for each respective country. The functional currency for NSC, AdR, CW-Cooperatief and CW-Bali is the US$. NSC and AdR conduct business in US$ and Mexican pesos, CW-Cooperatief conducts business in US$ and euros, and CW-Bali conducts business in US$ and Indonesian rupiahs. The exchange rates for the Cayman Islands dollar, the Belize dollar and the Bahamian dollar are fixed to the US$. The exchange rates for conversion of Mexican pesos, euros and rupiahs into US$ vary based upon market conditions. Net foreign currency gains (losses) arising from transactions and re-measurements were $73,267 and ($5,612) for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $31,525 and $164,339 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and are included in “Other income (expense) - Other” in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of income.

 

Cash and cash equivalents: Cash and cash equivalents consist of demand deposits at banks and highly liquid deposits at banks with an original maturity of three months or less. Cash and cash equivalents as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 include $6.4 million and $15.9 million, respectively, of certificates of deposit with an original maturity of three months or less.

 

Transfers from the Company’s Bahamas and Belize bank accounts to Company bank accounts in other countries require the approval of the Central Bank of the Bahamas and Belize, respectively. As of September 30, 2018, the equivalent United States dollar cash balances for deposits held in the Bahamas and Belize were approximately $3.9 million and $3.1 million, respectively.

 

 7 

 

 

Comparative amounts: Certain amounts reported in the financial statements issued in prior periods have been reclassified herein to conform to the current period’s presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on consolidated net income.

 

Revenue recognition: Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to the Company’s customers, in an amount that reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services.

 

The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated by revenue source (unaudited).

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Retail revenues  $6,185,558   $5,570,654   $18,884,929   $18,111,274 
Bulk revenues   8,577,456    7,881,464    25,294,821    23,615,787 
Services revenues   807,424    111,302    1,054,100    360,758 
Manufacturing revenues   3,253,750    3,008,783    4,798,948    5,444,678 
Total revenues  $18,824,188   $16,572,203   $50,032,798   $47,532,497 

 

Retail revenues

 

The Company produces and supplies water to end-users, including residential, commercial and government customers in the Cayman Islands under an exclusive retail license issued to Cayman Water by the Cayman Islands government to provide water in two of the three most populated and rapidly developing areas on Grand Cayman Island. CW-Bali owns and operates a desalination plant in Bali, Indonesia that sells water to resort and residential properties. Customers are billed on a monthly basis based on metered consumption and bills are typically collected within 30 to 35 days after the billing date. Receivables not collected within 45 days subject the customer to disconnection from water service. In 2018 and 2017, bad debts represented less than 1% of the Company’s total retail sales.

 

The Company recognizes revenues from water sales at the time water is supplied to the customer’s facility or storage tank. The amount of water supplied is determined based upon water meter readings performed at the end of each month. All retail water contracts are month-to-month contracts and revenue is recorded as invoiced.

 

Bulk revenues

 

The Company produces and supplies water to government-owned distributors in the Cayman Islands, Belize and the Bahamas.

 

OC-Cayman provides bulk water to the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”), a government-owned utility and regulatory agency, under various agreements. The WAC in turn distributes such water to properties in Grand Cayman outside of Cayman Water’s retail license area.

 

In Belize, CW-Belize is the exclusive provider of water in Ambergris Caye to Belize Water Services Ltd. (“BWSL”), a government-controlled entity which distributes the water through its own pipeline system to residential, commercial and tourist properties. BWSL distributes the Company’s water primarily to residential properties, small hotels, and businesses that serve the tourist market.

 

The Company sells bulk water in the Bahamas through its majority-owned subsidiary CW-Bahamas to the Water and Sewerage Corporation of the Bahamas (“WSC”), which distributes such water through its own pipeline system to residential, commercial and tourist properties on the Island of New Providence. The Company also sells water to a private resort on Bimini.

 

The Company has elected the “right to invoice” practical expedient for revenue recognition on its bulk water sale contracts and recognizes revenue in the amount to which the Company has a right to invoice.

 

Manufacturing revenues

 

The Company, through its 51% owned subsidiary Aerex, is a custom and specialty manufacturer of water treatment-related systems and products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production. Substantially all of Aerex’s customers are U.S. companies.

 

 8 

 

 

The Company recognizes manufacturing revenues over time under the input method using costs incurred (which represents work performed) to date relative to total estimated costs at completion to measure progress toward satisfying its performance obligations as such measure best reflects the transfer of control of the promised good to the customer. Contract costs include labor, material and overhead. The Company follows this method since it can make reasonably dependable estimates of the revenue and costs applicable to various stages of a contract. Under this input method, the Company records revenue and recognizes profit or loss as work on the contract progresses. The Company estimates total project costs and profit to be earned on each long-term, fixed price contract prior to commencement of work on the contract and updates these estimates as work on the contract progresses. The cumulative amount of revenue recorded on a contract at a specified point in time is that percentage of total estimated revenue that incurred costs to date comprises of estimated total contract costs. If, as work progresses, the actual contract costs exceed estimates, the profit recognized on revenue from that contract decreases. The Company recognizes the full amount of any estimated loss on a contract at the time the estimates indicate such a loss. Any costs and estimated earnings in excess of billings are classified as current assets. Billings in excess of costs and estimated earnings on uncompleted contracts, if any, are classified as current liabilities.

 

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

 

The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for (i) contracts with an original expected length of one year or less and (ii) contracts for which the Company recognizes revenue at the amount to which it has the right to invoice for services performed.

 

3. Segment information

 

The Company has four reportable segments: retail, bulk, services and manufacturing. The retail segment primarily operates the water utility for the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas of Grand Cayman Island pursuant to an exclusive license granted by the Cayman Islands government. The bulk segment supplies potable water to government utilities in Grand Cayman, the Bahamas and Belize under long-term contracts. The services segment provides desalination plant management and operating services to affiliated companies and designs, constructs and sells desalination plants to third parties. The manufacturing segment manufactures a wide range of custom and specialty water treatment-related systems and products and provides design, engineering, management, operating and other services applicable to commercial, municipal and industrial water production, supply and treatment.

 

Consistent with prior periods, the Company records all non-direct general and administrative expenses in its retail business segment and does not allocate any of these non-direct costs to its other three business segments.

 

The accounting policies of the segments are consistent with those described in Note 2. The Company evaluates each segment’s performance based upon its income from operations. All intercompany transactions are eliminated for segment presentation purposes.

 

The Company’s segments are strategic business units that are managed separately because each segment sells different products and/or services, serves customers with distinctly different needs and generates different gross profit margins.

 

   Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $6,185,558   $8,577,456   $807,424   $3,253,750   $18,824,188 
Cost of revenues   2,750,599    5,658,373    682,713    2,205,830    11,297,515 
Gross profit   3,434,959    2,919,083    124,711    1,047,920    7,526,673 
General and administrative expenses   3,013,053    455,151    846,258    627,102    4,941,564 
Loss on asset dispositions and impairments, net   9,084    -    -    3,331    12,415 
Income (loss) from operations  $412,822   $2,463,932   $(721,547)  $417,487    2,572,694 
Other income, net                       2,302,933 
Income before income taxes                       4,875,627 
Provision for income taxes                       12,659 
Net income                       4,862,968 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests                       310,579 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders                      $4,552,389 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2018 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $498,663, $836,249, $7,638 and $399,987, respectively.

 

 9 

 

 

   Three Months Ended September 30, 2017 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $5,570,654   $7,881,464   $111,302   $3,008,783   $16,572,203 
Cost of revenues   2,488,441    5,582,401    114,667    2,078,888    10,264,397 
Gross profit   3,082,213    2,299,063    (3,365)   929,895    6,307,806 
General and administrative expenses   3,070,681    315,374    863,646    646,622    4,896,323 
Loss on asset dispositions and impairments, net   578,480    -    -    -    578,480 
Income (loss) from operations  $(566,948)  $1,983,689   $(867,011)  $283,273    833,003 
Other income, net                       447,294 
Loss before income taxes                       1,280,297 
(Benefit from) income taxes                       (136,447)
Net income                       1,416,744 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests                       255,605 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders                      $1,161,139 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the three months ended September 30, 2017 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $491,771, $1,274,471, $7,638, and $398,368, respectively.

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $18,884,929   $25,294,821   $1,054,100   $4,798,948    50,032,798 
Cost of revenues   8,234,803    16,848,668    921,653    3,300,370    29,305,494 
Gross profit   10,650,126    8,446,153    132,447    1,498,578    20,727,304 
General and administrative expenses   9,088,804    1,147,015    2,162,632    1,865,311    14,263,762 

Loss on asset dispositions and impairments, net

   11,074    -    -    3,331    14,405 
Income (loss) from operations  $1,550,248   $7,299,138   $(2,030,185)  $(370,064)   6,449,137 
Other income, net                       2,755,141 
Income before income taxes                       9,204,278 
(Benefit from) income taxes                       (113,607)
Net income                       9,317,885 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests                       484,778 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders                      $8,833,107 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $1,506,292, $2,454,361, $22,915, and $1,198,707, respectively.

 

 10 

 

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Revenues  $18,111,274   $23,615,787   $360,758   $5,444,678   $47,532,497 
Cost of revenues   7,895,617    15,750,402    320,586    3,967,945    27,934,550 
Gross profit   10,215,657    7,865,385    40,172    1,476,733    19,597,947 
General and administrative expenses   9,288,941    940,105    2,498,766    1,967,372    14,695,184 

Loss on asset dispositions and impairments, net

   1,578,480    -    -    -    1,578,480 
Income (loss) from operations  $(651,764)  $6,925,280   $(2,458,594)  $(490,639)   3,324,283 
Other income, net                       871,956 
Income before income taxes                       4,196,239 
(Benefit from) income taxes                       (412,592)
Net income                       4,608,831 
Income attributable to non-controlling interests                       191,916 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders                      $4,416,915 

 

Depreciation and amortization expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 for the retail, bulk, services and manufacturing segments were $1,514,069, $2,928,287, $37,295, and $1,204,313, respectively.

 

   As of September 30, 2018 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Accounts receivable, net  $2,168,224   $17,967,332   $1,806,062   $1,054,658   $22,996,276 
Property plant and equipment, net  $22,269,769   $23,338,279   $61,424   $1,672,705   $47,342,177 
Construction in progress  $6,175,313   $10,564,202   $3,291   $-   $16,742,806 
Intangibles, net  $-   $484,123   $-   $2,226,667   $2,710,790 
Goodwill  $1,170,511   $2,328,526   $-   $4,885,211   $8,384,248 
Land and rights of way held for development  $-   $-   $23,673,855   $-   $23,673,855 
Total segment assets  $59,900,046   $71,086,259   $27,352,165   $14,164,089   $172,502,559 

 

   As of December 31, 2017 
   Retail   Bulk   Services   Manufacturing   Total 
Accounts receivable, net  $2,406,595   $10,177,620   $1,155,318   $1,308,313   $15,047,846 
Property, plant and equipment, net  $23,172,382   $25,420,819   $84,339   $1,847,524   $50,525,064 
Construction in progress  $321,368   $1,498,625   $3,291   $-   $1,823,284 
Intangible assets, net  $-   $533,767   $-   $3,231,667   $3,765,434 
Goodwill  $1,170,511   $2,328,526   $-   $4,885,211   $8,384,248 
Land and rights of way held for development  $-   $-   $21,505,675   $-   $21,505,675 
Total segment assets  $52,095,524   $75,785,323   $24,488,173   $13,111,875   $165,480,895 

 

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4. Earnings per share

 

Earnings per share (“EPS”) are computed on a basic and diluted basis. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income (less preferred stock dividends) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The computation of diluted EPS assumes the issuance of common shares for all potential common shares outstanding during the reporting period and, if dilutive, the effect of stock options as computed under the treasury stock method.

 

The following summarizes information related to the computation of basic and diluted EPS:

 

   Three Months Ended
September 30,
   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2018   2017   2018   2017 
Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders  $4,552,389   $1,161,139   $8,833,107   $4,416,915 
Less: preferred stock dividends   (3,102)   (2,548)   (9,398)   (8,571)
Net income available to common shares in the determination of basic earnings per common share  $4,549,287   $1,158,591   $8,823,709   $4,408,344 
                     
Weighted average number of common shares in the determination of basic earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders   14,963,195    14,898,246    14,960,602    14,886,738 
Plus:                    
Weighted average number of preferred shares outstanding during the period   37,621    45,087    35,066    39,035 
Potential dilutive effect of unexercised options and unvested stock grants   123,904    128,809    123,747    128,570 
Weighted average number of shares used for determining diluted earnings per common share attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. common stockholders   15,124,720    15,072,142    15,119,415    15,054,343 

 

5. Investment in OC-BVI

 

The Company owns 50% of the outstanding voting common shares and a 43.53% equity interest in the profits of Ocean Conversion (BVI) Ltd. (“OC-BVI”). The Company also owns certain profit-sharing rights in OC-BVI that raise its effective interest in the profits of OC-BVI to approximately 45%. Pursuant to a management services agreement, OC-BVI pays the Company monthly fees for certain engineering and administrative services. OC-BVI’s sole customer is the Ministry of Communications and Works of the Government of the British Virgin Islands (the “Ministry”) to which it sells bulk water.

 

The Company’s equity investment in OC-BVI amounted to $2,464,537 and $2,783,882 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

Until 2009, substantially all of the water sold by OC-BVI to the Ministry was supplied by one desalination plant with a capacity of 1.7 million gallons per day located at Baughers Bay, Tortola (the “Baughers Bay plant”). As discussed later in this Note (see “Baughers Bay Litigation”), the BVI government assumed the operating responsibilities for the Baughers Bay plant in March 2010. During 2007, OC-BVI completed the construction of a desalination plant with a capacity of 720,000 gallons per day located at Bar Bay, Tortola (the “Bar Bay plant”). OC-BVI began selling water to the Ministry from this plant in January 2009 and on March 4, 2010, OC-BVI and the BVI government executed a seven-year contract for the Bar Bay plant (the “Bar Bay agreement”). The Bar Bay agreement was extended by 14 years on February 14, 2017. Under the terms of the Bar Bay agreement, OC-BVI delivers up to 600,000 gallons of water per day to the BVI government from the Bar Bay plant. The Bar Bay agreement required OC-BVI to complete a storage reservoir on a BVI government site by no later than March 4, 2011. OC-BVI has not commenced construction of this storage reservoir due to the BVI government’s failure to pay (i) the full amount of invoices for the water provided by the Bar Bay plant on a timely basis; and (ii) the full amount ordered pursuant to a court ruling relating to the Baughers Bay litigation (see discussion that follows).

 

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A reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for the Company’s investment in OC-BVI for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 is as follows:

 

Balance as of December 31, 2017  $2,783,882 
Profit-sharing and equity from earnings of OC-BVI   2,331,905 
Distributions received from OC-BVI   (2,651,250)
Balance as of September 30, 2018  $2,464,537 

 

The Company recognized $1,472,154 and $138,913 in earnings from its equity investment in OC-BVI for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $1,710,230 and $127,955 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The Company recognized $536,625 and $36,450 in profit-sharing income from its profit-sharing agreement with OC-BVI for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $621,675 and $46,575 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $97,668 and $111,302, respectively, in revenues from its management services agreement with OC-BVI. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized $344,344 and $360,758, respectively, in revenues from its management services agreement with OC-BVI. The Company also recognized approximately $710,000 in revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 for the refurbishment of OC-BVI’s Bar Bay plant. Amounts payable by OC-BVI to the Company were $42,817 and $123,807 as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Other current liabilities in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of December 31, 2017 included $181,328 relating to OC-BVI.

 

Baughers Bay Litigation

 

Through March 2010, OC-BVI supplied water to the BVI government from a plant located at Baughers Bay, Tortola, under the terms of a water supply agreement dated May 1990 (the “1990 Agreement”) with an initial seven-year term that expired in May 1999. The 1990 Agreement provided that such agreement would automatically be extended for another seven-year term unless the BVI government provided notice, at least eight months prior to such expiration, of its decision to purchase the plant from OC-BVI at the agreed upon amount under the 1990 Agreement of approximately $1.42 million. In correspondence between the parties from late 1998 through early 2000, the BVI government indicated that it intended to purchase the plant but would be amenable to negotiating a new water supply agreement and that it considered the 1990 Agreement to be in force on a monthly basis until negotiations between the BVI government and OC-BVI were concluded. OC-BVI continued to supply water from the plant and expended approximately $4.7 million between 1995 and 2003 to significantly expand the production capacity of the plant beyond that contemplated in the 1990 Agreement.

 

In 2006, the BVI government took the position that the seven-year extension of the 1990 Agreement had been completed and that it was entitled to ownership of the Baughers Bay plant and during 2007 the BVI government filed a lawsuit with the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (the “Court”) seeking ownership of the Baughers Bay plant. OC-BVI counterclaimed to the Court that it was entitled to continued possession and operation of the Baughers Bay plant until the BVI government paid OC-BVI approximately $4.7 million, which OC-BVI believed represented the value of the Baughers Bay plant at its expanded production capacity.

 

The Court ruled on this litigation in 2009, awarding ownership of the Baughers Bay plant to the BVI government without compensation to OC-BVI. Both OC-BVI and the BVI government subsequently filed appeals with the Eastern Caribbean Court of Appeals (the “Appellate Court”) asking the Appellate Court to review certain rulings by the Court with respect to this litigation.

 

In June 2012, the Appellate Court issued the final ruling with respect to the Baughers Bay litigation. This ruling reversed a previous ruling of the Court and awarded OC-BVI compensation for improvements made to the plant in the amount equal to the difference between (i) the value of the Baughers Bay plant at the date OC-BVI transferred possession of the plant to the BVI government and (ii) $1.42 million (the purchase price for the Baughers Bay plant under the 1990 Agreement).

 

OC-BVI and the BVI government engaged a mutually approved valuation expert to complete a valuation of the Baughers Bay plant at the date it was transferred to the BVI government in accordance with the Appellate Court ruling. In June 2016, OC-BVI received the final valuation report from this valuation expert, which set forth a value for the Baughers Bay plant of $13.0 million as of the date OC-BVI transferred possession of the plant to the BVI government. Applying the valuation determined by the valuation expert to the formula set forth by the Appellate Court in its ruling, OC-BVI would be entitled to $11.58 million from the BVI government for the Baughers Bay plant. The BVI government disagreed with the valuation methodology used by the valuation expert and the resulting valuation for the Baughers Bay plant. OC-BVI’s legal counsel subsequently held discussions with the BVI government in an effort to settle this matter. On August 31, 2018, OC-BVI and the BVI government entered into a settlement agreement for the Baughers Bay plant pursuant to the Appellate Court ruling with an agreed upon value for the plant of $4,432,834, which resulted in a net payment (i.e. after legal and other expenses) to OC-BVI in September 2018 of $4,271,409.

 

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6. NSC and AdR Project Development

 

In May 2010, the Company acquired, through its wholly-owned Netherlands subsidiary, CW-Cooperatief, a 50% interest in NSC, a development stage Mexican company. The Company has since purchased, through the conversion of a loan it made to NSC, sufficient shares to raise its ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. NSC was formed to pursue a project (the “Project”) that originally encompassed the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and accompanying pipelines to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system. As discussed in paragraphs that follow, during 2015 the scope of the Project was defined by the State of Baja California (the “State”) to consist of a first phase consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity with additional pipeline infrastructure.

 

Through a series of transactions completed in 2012-2014, NSC purchased 20.1 hectares of land for approximately $20.6 million on which the proposed Project’s plant would be constructed.

 

In November 2012, NSC entered into a lease with an effective term of 20-years from the date of full operation of the Project’s desalination plant, with the Comisión Federal de Electricidad for approximately 5,000 square meters of land on which it plans to construct the water intake and discharge works for the plant. The amounts due on this lease are payable in Mexican pesos at an amount that is currently equivalent to approximately $15,000 per month. This lease may be cancelled by NSC should NSC ultimately not proceed with the Project.

 

In August 2014, the State enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party required for the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, in January 2015, NSC submitted an expression of interest for its project to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Urban Development of the State of Baja California (“SIDUE”). SIDUE accepted NSC’s expression of interest and requested that NSC submit a detailed proposal for the Project that complies with the requirements of the new legislation. NSC submitted this detailed proposal (the “APP Proposal”) to SIDUE in late March 2015. The new legislation required that such proposal be evaluated by SIDUE and submitted to the Public-Private Association Projects State Committee (the “APP Committee”) for review and authorization. If the Project was authorized the State would be required to conduct a public tender for the Project.

 

In response to its APP Proposal, in September 2015 NSC received a letter dated June 30, 2015 from the Director General of the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the State agency with responsibility for the Project, stating that (i) the Project is in the public interest with high social benefits and is consistent with the objectives of the State development plan; and (ii) that the Project should proceed, and the required public tender should be conducted. In November 2015, the State officially commenced the tender for the Project, the scope of which the State defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity with additional pipeline infrastructure. A consortium comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Degremont S.A. de C.V. (the “Consortium”) submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of the tender process for the Project.

 

Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016, NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operations and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operations. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2018, NSC owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, CEA, the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater desalination plant (and accompanying aqueducts) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California; and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to a second delivery point in Tijuana. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueduct for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueduct will be transferred to the CEA.

 

 14 

 

 

The APP Contract does not become effective until the following conditions are met:

 

·the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
·the CEA has obtained the rights from the relevant federal authority to take and desalinate seawater and distribute it for municipal use;
·various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
·AdR has obtained all of the rights of way required for the aqueduct;
·AdR has obtained permission from the relevant federal authority to discharge the residual water from the Project’s desalination plant; and
·all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress of the State of Baja California in December 2017. Pursuant to the Financial Discipline Law and the terms of Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract expires on December 31, 2018. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration thereof, then a further amendment of Decreto #57 will be required to extend the authorization beyond such time. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration of such Decreto or if, following such expiration, the Congress of the State of Baja California fails to further amend Decreto #57 to extend the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract in a timely manner or at all, then AdR may be unable to proceed with the Project.

 

Following its issuance, two actions were filed in Mexican Courts against Decreto #168. While neither NSC nor AdR have been named as a party in these actions, based upon publicly available information (1) one of these actions consists of a challenge filed by certain members of the Congress of the State of Baja California alleging certain elements of Decreto #168 are contrary to the Mexican constitution; and (2) the other action represents an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) filed by certain members of indigenous groups that alleges Decreto #168 violates certain of the human rights and individual guarantees they are afforded under the Mexican constitution. With respect to the action mentioned in (1), the Company understands based upon publicly available information that in August 2018 the Mexican Federal Supreme Court of Justice ruled to dismiss this action. With respect to the action mentioned in number (2), according to publicly available information, the Company understands that on March 27, 2018, a resolution dismissing such proceeding was issued (and subsequently published in the official lists of the corresponding court on April 16, 2018), as the claimants were not able to evidence their legal interest. On May 3, 2018, the court deciding on such action determined this resolution to be final, as the claimants did not file a remedy against it.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating, and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the definition of the mechanism required by the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project by including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project of changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V. (“Suez”), a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S., with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously. The aggregate investment to be made by the equity partners in the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project.

 

In February 2018, CW-Holdings acquired the remaining 0.4% of AdR’s equity interest previously held by NuWater.

 

 15 

 

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez executed a contract whereby Suez will serve as the engineering, construction and procurement contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new, incoming federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The incoming federal administration has a hold on the federal government and a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup their right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of September 30, 2018 of approximately $20.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

Included in the Company’s results of operations are general and administrative expenses from NSC and AdR, consisting of organizational, legal, accounting, engineering, consulting and other costs relating to Project development activities. Such expenses amounted to approximately $846,000 and $864,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $2,158,000 and $2,469,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The assets and liabilities of NSC and AdR included in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets amounted to approximately $26.2 million and $276,000, respectively, as of September 30, 2018 and approximately $23.1 million and $173,000 respectively, as of December 31, 2017.

 

Project Litigation Initiated by EWG

 

Tecate Claim:

 

Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, the Company paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided it with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate usufruct and power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, the Company acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required the Company to transfer or otherwise cause the individual shareholder to acquire, for a total price of $1 (regardless of their par or market value), shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement (causing the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC to be decreased); and (ii) the Company did not exercise its share purchase option by February 7, 2014. The Company exercised its option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

In October 2015, the Company learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased the Company’s ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, among others: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records.

 

EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

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On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. Further, on May 25, 2017, such court declaration became definitive. However, EWG was entitled to refile the lawsuit.

 

Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, in January 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim (the “Tijuana Claim”) against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

The Tijuana Claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In the Tijuana Claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, to: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. The Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental/public entities involved with the Project, including the registration of the pendency of the lawsuit in certain public records, similarly to the Tecate Claim.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court. Such suspension was granted definitely in July 2018, and in August 2018, a resolution determining that the claimed official writs are unconstitutional, was issued. EWG filed a remedy against such resolution, which has not yet been resolved.

 

On October 16, 2018, NSC was served with the Tijuana Claim. NSC is in the process of preparing a legal response to this claim, vigorously opposing the claims made by EWG. In addition to such legal response, NSC has filed a request to submit the Tijuana Claim to arbitration, based on certain provisions of the by-laws of NSC, as well as an appeal remedy against the preliminary relief. Neither such request nor the mentioned appeal have been resolved.

 

CW-Cooperatief has not been officially served with the Tijuana Claim, and AdR has not been notified that it has to appear for such trial.

 

The Company cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of the Tijuana Claim may have on the Project.

 

7. Fair value measurements

 

As of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and other current liabilities, the note payable to related party and dividends payable approximate their fair values due to the short-term maturities of these instruments. Management considers that the carrying amounts for loans receivable as of December 31, 2017 approximate their fair value as the stated interest rates approximate market rates.

 

Under US GAAP, fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. US GAAP guidance also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions about the factors market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability. The guidance establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2 - Inputs other than Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.

 

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Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurements. The Company reviews its fair value hierarchy classifications on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy.

 

The following table presents the Company’s fair value hierarchy for assets and liabilities measured at fair value as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

   September 30, 2018 
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total 
Assets:                    
Recurring                    
Net asset arising from put/call options  $-   $-   $233,000   $233,000 

 

   December 31, 2017 
   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3   Total 
Assets:                    
Recurring                    
Net asset arising from put/call options  $-   $-   $280,000   $280,000 

 

The activity for the Level 3 asset for the nine months ended September 30, 2018:

 

Net asset arising from put/call options(1)    
Balance as of December 31, 2017  $280,000 
Unrealized loss   (47,000)
Balance as of September 30, 2018  $233,000 

 

(1)In connection with the Company’s acquisition of 51% of Aerex in February 2016, the Company acquired from Aerex’s former sole shareholder an option to compel such shareholder to sell, and granted to such shareholder an option to require the Company to purchase, the shareholder’s remaining 49% ownership interest in Aerex at a price based upon the fair market value of Aerex at the time of the exercise of the option. The options are exercisable on or after the third anniversary of the February 2016 acquisition date. The net asset arising from the put/call options is included in other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

8. Contingencies

 

CW-Bahamas

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the WSC amounted to $16.1 million as of September 30, 2018 as compared to $9.1 million as of December 31, 2017. The increase in these accounts receivable has adversely impacted the liquidity of this subsidiary.

 

CW-Bahamas has also experienced similar delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC in several prior years. During these times, the Company arranged meetings and held discussions with representatives of the WSC and the Bahamas government to formulate a payment schedule for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable and such amounts were eventually paid in full. Based upon this payment history, CW-Bahamas has never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of its accounts receivable, despite the periodic accumulation of significant delinquent balances.

 

In October 2018, the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance provided CW-Bahamas with a proposed payment schedule to pay WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable as of September 30, 2018 in full by June 2019. If the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance does not adhere to this proposed payment schedule, or the WSC continues to be significantly delinquent in paying CW-Bahamas’ invoices, then in the coming months one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to continue normal operations; (ii) the Company may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) the Company may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

Cayman Water

 

The Company sells water through its retail operations under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that grants Cayman Water the exclusive right to provide potable water to customers within its licensed service area. As discussed below, this license was set to expire in July 2010 but has since been extended while negotiations for a new license take place. Pursuant to the license, Cayman Water has the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to its licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman, the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company generated approximately 33% and 33%, respectively, of its consolidated revenues and 45% and 48%, respectively, of its consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, the Company generated approximately 37% and 38%, respectively, of its consolidated revenues and 51% and 52%, respectively, of its consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

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The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but has been extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. The Company continues to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on the assumption that the license has been further extended to allow the parties to continue negotiations without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services, and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the WAC to OfReg in May 2017. The Company began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. On November 2, 2018, the Company received a letter from OfReg in which OfReg rejected the Company’s most recent commercial proposal. Further, OfReg indicated that if the Company is unwilling to submit a new proposal offering certain additional concessions, then OfReg will have to consider its other available options. The Company has not yet determined how it will respond to this correspondence from OfReg. The Company cannot make any assurances that it will be able to reach an agreement with OfReg for a new license or that the terms of any license agreed to will be on terms as favorable to the Company as the terms of the license that expired January 31, 2018.

 

The Cayman Islands government could ultimately grant a third party a license to service some or all of Cayman Water’s present service area. However, as set forth in the existing license, “the Governor hereby agrees that upon the expiry of the term of this Licence or any extension thereof, he will not grant a licence or franchise to any other person or company for the processing, distribution, sale and supply of water within the Licence Area without having first offered such a licence or franchise to the Company on terms no less favourable than the terms offered to such other person or company.”

 

The Company is presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of its retail license negotiations will have on its cash flows, financial condition or results of operations but such resolution could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows the Company has historically generated from Cayman Water retail operations and could require the Company to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying values of its retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

OC-Cayman

 

Through its wholly-owned subsidiary, OC-Cayman, the Company provides bulk water to the WAC, a government-owned utility and regulatory agency, under various agreements. The WAC in turn distributes that water to properties in Grand Cayman outside of Cayman Water’s retail license area.

 

The water OC-Cayman sells to the WAC is produced at three reverse osmosis seawater conversion plants in Grand Cayman owned by the WAC, but designed, built and operated by OC-Cayman: the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants. The current operating agreements for the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants expire in February 2019, February 2019, and June 2019, respectively. In response to a WAC-initiated public bidding process for a new operating agreement encompassing both the North Sound and Red Gate plants, the Company submitted a bid for the new agreement.

 

On August 21, 2018, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new five-year contract commencing on February 1, 2019 for the operation of the North Sound and Red Gate plants. The revenues for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, are expected to be approximately 31% less than the revenues under the current agreements, assuming comparable sales volumes. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior North Sound and Red Gate water supply agreements, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of these plants directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

The Company generated total revenues of approximately $5.7 million and $7.2 million from these three plants during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

If the Company does not obtain a new bulk water supply agreement for the North Side Water Works plant, or if such new agreement is obtained on terms less favorable than the Company’s existing agreement, its results of operations and cash flows will be adversely affected.

 

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CW-Belize

 

By Statutory Instrument No. 81 of 2009, the Minister of Public Utilities of the government of Belize published an order, the Public Utility Provider Class Declaration Order, 2009 (the “Order”), which as of May 1, 2009 designated CW-Belize as a public utility provider under the laws of Belize. With this designation, the Public Utilities Commission of Belize (the “PUC”) has the authority to set the rates charged by CW-Belize and to otherwise regulate its activities. On November 1, 2010, CW-Belize received a formal complaint from the PUC alleging that CW-Belize was operating without a license under the terms of the Water Industry Act. CW-Belize applied for this license in December 2010. On July 29, 2011, the PUC issued the San Pedro Public Water Supply Quality and Security Complaint Order (the “Second Order”) which among other things requires that (i) CW-Belize and its customer jointly make a submission to the responsible Minister requesting that the area surrounding CW-Belize’s seawater abstraction wells be designated a forest reserve or national park and be designated a Controlled Area under section 58 of the Water Industry Act; (ii) CW-Belize submit an operations manual for CW-Belize’s desalination plant to the PUC for approval; (iii) CW-Belize and its customer modify the water supply agreement between the parties to (a) include new water quality parameters included in the Order and (b) cap the current exclusive water supply arrangement in the agreement at a maximum of 450,000 gallons per day; (iv) CW-Belize keep a minimum number of replacement seawater RO membranes in stock at all times; and (v) CW-Belize take possession of and reimburse the PUC for certain equipment which the PUC purchased from a third-party in late 2010. CW-Belize has applied for declaratory judgment and has been granted a temporary injunction to stay the enforcement of the Second Order by the PUC until such time as the Belize courts could hear the matter. The initial hearing on this matter was conducted on October 30 and 31, 2012 with an additional hearing on November 29, 2012.

 

On December 8, 2017, CW-Belize received a favorable ruling from the Supreme Court of Belize stating that (i) the claims by the PUC in the Order and the Second Order were unlawful, null and void and of no effect; and (ii) stated that the PUC is prohibited from taking any steps or proceedings or making any further Order in respect of the said Order. However, on February 20, 2018, the PUC filed an appeal of this ruling with the Belize Court of Appeal, the results of which are pending. The Company is presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of this matter will have on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

CW-Bali

 

In October 2017, CW-Bali’s sole remaining customer filed a lawsuit in the district court of Denpasar in Bali, Indonesia against CW-Bali, CW-Bali’s President, and the Company’s Chief Financial Officer in his capacity as the President of CW-Bali’s Board of Commissioners (i.e. Directors) seeking compensatory damages of 57.1 billion rupiahs and punitive damages of 26 billion rupiahs as a result of the anticipated breach of this customer’s water supply agreement that will arise from CW-Bali’s planned cessation of operations. Such damages were equivalent to approximately $3.8 million and $1.7 million, respectively, based upon the exchange rate between the dollar and rupiah as of September 30, 2018. In April 2018, the Denpasar court ruled that it had no authority to adjudicate the case due to a clause in the water supply agreement that requires all disputes to be handled through arbitration in Singapore. However, the customer immediately filed an appeal with respect to the Denpasar court ruling. In October 2018, the Denpasar appeals court issued its ruling which upheld the previous court’s ruling, thereby denying the customer’s appeal.

 

9. Impact of recent accounting standards

 

Adoption of new accounting standards

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 requires revenue recognition to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 prescribes a five-step framework in accounting for revenues from contracts within its scope, including (a) identification of the contract, (b) identification of the performance obligations under the contract, (c) determination of the transaction price, (d) allocation of the transaction price to the identified performance obligations and (e) recognition of revenues as the identified performance obligations are satisfied. ASU 2014-09 also prescribes additional disclosures and financial statement presentations. ASU 2014-09 may be adopted retrospectively or under a modified retrospective method where the cumulative effect is recognized at the date of initial application. This amendment was originally effective January 1, 2017. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date by one year to January 1, 2018. Early application is permitted but not before January 1, 2017.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), that amends the principal versus agent guidance in ASU 2014-09. ASU 2016-08 clarifies that the analysis must focus on whether the entity has control of the goods or services before they are transferred to the customer. ASU 2016-08 also provides additional guidance about how to apply the control principle when services are provided and when goods or services are combined with other goods or services.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, that amends the revenue guidance in ASU 2014-09 on identifying performance obligations and accounting for licenses of intellectual property. ASU 2016-10 changed the FASB's previous proposals on renewals of right-to-use licenses and contractual restrictions. The effective date of the standard for the Company will coincide with ASU 2014-09 during the first quarter 2018.

 

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In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-11, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Rescission of SEC Guidance Because of Accounting Standards Updates 2014-09 and 2014-16 Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 EITF Meeting. ASU 2016-11 rescinds several SEC Staff Announcements that are codified in Topic 605, including, among other items, guidance relating to accounting for shipping and handling fees and freight services.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies implementation guidance around collectability, sales taxes collected from customers, noncash considerations, contract modifications at transition, and completed contracts at transition.

 

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which amended the guidance on performance obligation disclosures and makes technical corrections and improvements to the new revenue standard. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, and permits early adoption on a limited basis. The update permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method.

 

The effective dates of ASU 2016-08, ASU 2016-10, ASU 2016-11, ASU 2016-12 and ASU 2016-20 are the same as ASU 2015-14 discussed above. On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. There was no impact to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2018 as a result of the adoption of this standard.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which provides guidance for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial assets and financial liabilities. In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-03, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, that clarifies the guidance in ASU No. 2016-01 on equity securities and certain fair value option liabilities among other things. ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-03 are effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017 and, for most provisions, is effective using the cumulative-effect transition approach. Early application is permitted for certain provisions. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-03 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies how certain cash receipts and payments are presented in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2016-15 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the adoption resulted in a reclassification of approximately $1.1 million in cash inflows related to the distribution of earnings from OC-BVI from investing activities to operating activities in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows.

 

Effect of newly issued but not yet effective accounting standards

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which amends the guidance relating to the definition of a lease, recognition of lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet, and the related disclosure requirements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance such that entities may elect not to restate their comparative periods in the period of adoption. The guidance requires lessees to recognize an asset and liability on the balance sheet for all of their lease obligations. Operating leases were previously not recognized on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. The Company will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective method for its existing leases and expects that this standard will increase lease assets and lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company intends to elect certain practical expedients and will carry forward historical conclusions related to (1) contracts that contain leases, (2) existing lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. The Company will also apply the practical expedient that will allow the Company to elect, as an accounting policy, by asset class, to include both lease and non-lease components as a single component and account for it as a lease. The Company will apply the short-term lease exception for lessees which will allow the Company to not have to apply the recognition requirements of the new leasing guidance for short-term leases and to recognize lease payments in net income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company will also apply the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing it to carry forward its accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements. Based on an analysis the Company has performed, the adoption of this new lease standard is not expected to have a material impact on Company’s financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

10. Subsequent events

 

In February 2017, the Company and the former sole shareholder of Aerex loaned Aerex $408,000 and $392,000, respectively, in the form of notes payable which were scheduled to mature on September 30, 2017 and bore interest at 1% per annum. In October 2017, the Company and the former sole shareholder of Aerex extended the term of the notes payable issued in February 2017 for an additional six months to a new maturity date of March 31, 2018. Additionally, in October 2017 the Company and the former sole shareholder loaned Aerex an additional $306,000 and $294,000, respectively, in the form of notes payable that bore interest at 1% with a maturity date of March 31, 2018. In March 2018, the original notes payable of $408,000 and $392,000 were repaid and the maturity date of the remaining notes payable of $306,000 and $294,000 was extended to September 30, 2018. In July 2018, the balances of these remaining notes payable were increased to $1,122,000 and $1,078,000, respectively, and their maturities were extended to June 30, 2019. In October 2018, Aerex repaid $714,000 and $686,000, respectively, of these notes payable.

 

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The Company’s management evaluated subsequent events through the time of the filing of this report on Form 10-Q. Other than as disclosed in these condensed consolidated financial statements, the Company’s management is not aware of any significant events that occurred subsequent to the balance sheet date but prior to the filing of this report that would have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

 

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including but not limited to, statements regarding our future revenues, future plans, objectives, expectations and events, assumptions and estimates. Forward-looking statements can be identified by use of the words or phrases “will,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “estimate,” “project,” “potential,” “believe,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” or similar expressions and variations of such words. Statements that are not historical facts are based on our current expectations, beliefs, assumptions, estimates, forecasts and projections for our business and the industry and markets related to our business.

 

The forward-looking statements contained in this report are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions which are difficult to predict. Actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed in such forward-looking statements. Important factors which may affect these actual outcomes and results include, without limitation:

 

·tourism and weather conditions in the areas we serve;
·the economies of the U.S. and other countries in which we conduct business;
·our relationships with the governments we serve;
·regulatory matters, including resolution of the negotiations for the renewal of our retail license on Grand Cayman;
·our ability to successfully enter new markets, including Mexico and the United States; and
·other factors, including those “Risk Factors” set forth under Part II, Item 1A. “Risk Factors” in this Quarterly Report and in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report speak as of its date. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statement contained in this Quarterly Report to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any forward-looking statement is based, except as may be required by law.

 

References herein to “we,” “our,” “ours” and “us” refer to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. and its subsidiaries.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Our actual results could differ significantly from such estimates and assumptions.

 

Certain of our accounting estimates or assumptions constitute “critical accounting estimates” for us because:

 

·the nature of these estimates or assumptions is material due to the levels of subjectivity and judgment necessary to account for highly uncertain matters or the susceptibility of such matters to change; and
·the impact of the estimates and assumptions on financial condition and results of operations is material.

 

Our critical accounting estimates relate to the valuations of our (i) goodwill and intangible assets; and (ii) long-lived assets.

 

Goodwill and intangible assets

 

Goodwill represents the excess cost over the fair value of the assets of an acquired business. Goodwill and intangible assets acquired in a business combination accounted for as a purchase and determined to have an indefinite useful life are not amortized but are tested for impairment at least annually. Intangible assets with estimable useful lives are amortized over their respective estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values and reviewed periodically for impairment. We evaluate the possible impairment of goodwill annually as part of our reporting process for the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Management identifies our reporting units, which consist of our retail, bulk, services and manufacturing operations, and determines the carrying value of each reporting unit by assigning the assets and liabilities, including the existing goodwill and intangible assets, to those reporting units. We determine the fair value of each reporting unit and compare these fair values to the carrying amounts of the reporting units. To the extent the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds the fair value of the reporting unit, an impairment loss is recorded.

 

For the year ended December 31, 2017, we estimated the fair value of our reporting units by applying the discounted cash flow method, the guideline public company method, and the mergers and acquisitions method.

 

The discounted cash flow method relied upon seven-year discrete projections of operating results, working capital and capital expenditures, along with a terminal value subsequent to the discrete period. These seven-year projections were based upon historical and anticipated future results, general economic and market conditions, and considered the impact of planned business and operational strategies. The discount rates for the calculations represented the estimated cost of capital for market participants at the time of each analysis.

 

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We also estimated the fair value of each of our reporting units for the year ended December 31, 2017 through reference to the guideline companies and the market multiples implied by guideline merger and acquisition transactions.

 

We weighted the fair values estimated for each of our reporting units under each method and summed such weighted fair values to estimate the overall fair value for each reporting unit. The respective weightings we applied to each method as of December 31, 2017 were as follows:

 

Method  Retail   Bulk   Manufacturing 
Discounted cash flow   80%   80%   80%
Guideline public company   10%   10%   10%
Mergers and acquisitions   10%   10%   10%
    100%   100%   100%

 

The fair values we estimated for our retail and bulk units exceeded their carrying amounts by 121% and 59%, respectively, as of December 31, 2017. The carrying amount for our manufacturing unit exceeded its estimated fair value by 12% as of December 31, 2017, and as discussed in the paragraph that follows, we recorded an impairment loss to reduce the carrying value of the goodwill for this segment.

 

On February 11, 2016, we acquired a 51% ownership interest in Aerex. In connection with this acquisition, we recorded goodwill of $8,035,211. Aerex’s actual results of operations for the six months in 2016 following the acquisition fell significantly short of the projected results that were included in the overall cash flow projections we utilized to determine the purchase price for Aerex and the fair values of its assets and liabilities. Due to this shortfall in Aerex’s results of operations, we tested Aerex’s goodwill for possible impairment as of September 30, 2016 by estimating its fair value using the discounted cash flow method. As a result of this impairment testing, we determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value and recorded an impairment loss of $1,750,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $6,285,211. As part of our annual impairment testing of goodwill performed during the fourth quarter, in 2017 we updated our projections for Aerex’s future cash flows, determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value, and recorded an impairment loss of $1,400,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017 to further reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $4,885,211. We may be required to record additional impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill in future periods if we determine it likely that Aerex’s results of operations will fall short of our most recent projections of its future cash flows.

 

Long-lived assets

 

We review the carrying amounts of our long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the assets might not be recoverable. Conditions that would necessitate an impairment assessment include a significant decline in the observable market value of an asset, a significant change in the extent or manner in which an asset is used, or a significant adverse change that would indicate that the carrying amount of an asset or group of assets is not recoverable. For long-lived assets to be held and used, we recognize an impairment loss only if its carrying amount is not recoverable through its undiscounted cash flows and measure the impairment loss based on the difference between the carrying amount and fair value.

 

Through our subsidiary, CW-Bali, we have built and presently operate a seawater reverse osmosis plant with a productive capacity of approximately 264,000 gallons per day located in Nusa Dua, one of the primary tourist areas of Bali, Indonesia. Since its inception, we have recorded operating losses for CW-Bali as the sales volumes for its plant have not been sufficient to cover its operating costs. In 2017 and 2016, we determined, based upon probability-weighted scenarios for CW-Bali’s future undiscounted cash flows, that the carrying values of CW-Bali’s long-lived assets and our investment in CW-Bali were not recoverable. We recorded impairment losses of $1.6 million and $2.0 million, for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, to reduce the carrying values of these assets to their fair values.

 

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RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included under Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report and our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (“2017 Form 10-K”) and the information set forth under Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our 2017 Form 10-K.

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

Consolidated Results

 

Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders for 2018 was $4,552,389 ($0.30 per share on a fully-diluted basis), as compared to $1,161,139 ($0.08 per share on a fully-diluted basis) for 2017. The substantial rise in net income for 2018 as compared to 2017 reflects (i) an increase in operating income of approximately $1.7 million; and (ii) the litigation settlement received by OC-BVI in September 2018 (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements), which is the primary reason for the incremental other income from this equity investment of more than $1.8 million.

 

Total revenues for 2018 increased to $18,824,188 from $16,572,203 in 2017, as all of our segments generated higher revenues. Gross profit for 2018 was $7,526,673 (40% of total revenues) as compared to $6,307,806 (38% of total revenues) for 2017. For further discussion of revenues and gross profit see the “Results by Segment” analysis that follows.

 

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses on a consolidated basis remained relatively consistent at $4,941,564 for 2018 as compared to $4,896,323 for 2017.

 

Results by Segment

 

Retail Segment:

 

The retail segment contributed $412,822 to our income from operations for 2018. The retail segment generated a net loss from operations of ($566,948) for 2017, which included an impairment loss of ($578,480) for CW-Bali.

 

Revenues generated by our retail water operations increased to $6,185,558 in 2018 from $5,570,654 in 2017, as from 2017 to 2018 the volume of water sold increased by approximately 3%, and energy costs rose increasing the energy pass through component of our Cayman Water retail revenues by approximately $255,000.

 

Retail segment gross profit was $3,434,959 (56% of retail revenues) and $3,082,213 (55% of retail revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in retail gross profit is attributable to the increase in revenues and a slight decrease in engineering and laboratory costs from 2017 to 2018.

 

We recorded an impairment loss for CW-Bali of ($578,480) in 2017 based upon the operating losses generated by this subsidiary and our projections of its future cash flows. CW-Bali did not have a material adverse impact on our 2018 results of operations.

 

Consistent with prior periods, we record all non-direct G&A expenses in our retail segment and do not allocate any of these non-direct costs to our other three business segments. Retail G&A expenses remained relatively consistent at $3,013,053 for 2018 as compared to $3,070,681 for 2017.

 

Bulk Segment:

 

The bulk segment contributed $2,463,932 and $1,983,689 to our income from operations for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Bulk segment revenues were $8,577,456 and $7,881,464 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in bulk revenues from 2017 to 2018 is attributable primarily to CW-Bahamas and OC-Cayman, which generated approximately $632,000 in incremental revenues primarily as a result of a significant increase in the prices of diesel fuel and electricity from 2017 to 2018, which increased the energy component of our bulk water rates in the Bahamas and Cayman Islands.

 

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Gross profit for our bulk segment was $2,919,083 (34% of bulk revenues) and $2,299,063 (29% of bulk revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Gross profit as a percentage of revenues increased in 2018 as compared to 2017 due to a charge of approximately $430,000 recorded in 2017 relating to the refurbishment of a fixed asset used in our Bahamas operations.

 

Bulk segment G&A expenses increased to $455,151 for 2018 as compared to $315,374 for 2017 due to additional bank charges incurred by CW-Bahamas and CW-Belize to repatriate funds to our parent company.

 

The water OC-Cayman sells to the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”) is produced at three reverse osmosis seawater conversion plants in Grand Cayman owned by the WAC, but designed, built and operated by OC-Cayman: the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants. The current operating agreements for the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants expire in February 2019, February 2019, and June 2019, respectively. In response to a WAC-initiated public bidding process for a new operating agreement encompassing both the North Sound and Red Gate plants, OC-Cayman submitted a bid for the new agreement.

 

On August 21, 2018, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new five-year contract commencing on February 1, 2019 for the operation of the North Sound and Red Gate plants. The revenues for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, are expected to be approximately 31% less than the revenues under the current agreements, assuming comparable sales volumes. As a result of this price reduction, the revenues and operating income we will generate from the North Sound and Red Gate plants commencing February 1, 2019 will be significantly less than the revenues and operating income we presently generate from these plants under the prior agreements. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior North Sound and Red Gate water supply agreements, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of these plants directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

Although we have not yet negotiated or executed any binding documents, we are considering a possible sale of CW-Belize that would impact the future results of our bulk segment. See further discussion of this possible transaction at “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES, CW-Belize Liquidity.”

 

Services Segment:

 

The services segment incurred losses from operations of ($721,547) and ($867,011) for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Services segment revenues increased to $807,424 for 2018 from $111,302 for 2017, due to approximately $710,000 in revenues for 2018 for a refurbishment project completed for OC-BVI’s Bar Bay plant.

 

Gross profit (loss) for the services segment was $124,711 and ($3,365) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The improvement in gross profit for 2018 is attributable to the Bar Bay plant refurbishment project.

 

G&A expenses for the services segment remained relatively consistent at $846,258 and $863,646 for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Manufacturing Segment:

 

The manufacturing segment contributed $417,487 and $283,273 to our income from operations in 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Manufacturing revenues were $3,253,750 and $3,008,783 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Manufacturing revenues increased from 2017 to 2018 due to an increase in the average dollar value of the projects.

 

Manufacturing gross profit was $1,047,920 (32% of manufacturing revenues) and $929,895 (31% of manufacturing revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in gross profit for 2018 reflects the corresponding increase in revenues.

 

G&A expenses for the manufacturing segment remained relatively consistent at $627,102 for 2018 as compared to $646,622 for 2017.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017

 

Consolidated Results

 

Net income attributable to Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. stockholders for 2018 was $8,833,107 ($0.58 per share on a fully-diluted basis), as compared to $4,416,915 ($0.29 per share on a fully-diluted basis) for 2017. The substantial rise in net income for 2018 as compared to 2017 reflects (i) an increase in operating income of approximately $3.1 million; and (ii) the litigation settlement received by OC-BVI in September 2018 (see Note 5 of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements), which is the primary reason for the incremental other income from this equity investment of almost $2.2 million.

 

Total revenues for 2018 increased to $50,032,798 from $47,532,497 in 2017 as a result of higher revenues for our retail, bulk and services segments. Gross profit for 2018 was $20,727,304 (41% of total revenues) as compared to $19,597,947 (41% of total revenues) for 2017. For further discussion of revenues and gross profit see the “Results by Segment” analysis that follows.

 

We recorded an impairment loss for CW-Bali of approximately $1.5 million in 2017 based upon the operating losses generated by this subsidiary and our projections of its future cash flows. CW-Bali did not have a material adverse impact on our 2018 results of operations.

 

General and administrative (“G&A”) expenses on a consolidated basis decreased to $14,263,762 for 2018 as compared to $14,695,184 for 2017, primarily due to a decrease of approximately $311,000 in the project development expenses incurred by our Mexican subsidiaries.

 

Other income, net for 2018 increased to $2,755,141 for 2018 as compared to $871,956 for 2017, due to the incremental income of almost $2.2 million generated from our investment in OC-BVI in 2018 and incremental interest income of approximately $202,000 arising from higher interest earning balances. These items more than offset incremental expense of ($370,000) arising from the revaluation to fair value of the put/call options associated with the Aerex acquisition.

 

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Results by Segment

 

Retail Segment:

 

The retail segment contributed $1,550,248 to our income from operations for 2018. The retail segment generated a net loss from operations of ($651,764) for 2017, which included an impairment loss of approximately ($1.5 million) for CW-Bali.

 

Revenues generated by our retail water operations increased slightly to $18,884,929 in 2018 from $18,111,274 in 2017 due to an increase in the volume of water sold of just under 3%.

 

Retail segment gross profit was $10,650,126 (56% of retail revenues) and $10,215,657 (56% of retail revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

We recorded an impairment loss for CW-Bali of approximately $1.5 million in 2017 based upon the operating losses generated by this subsidiary and our projections of its future cash flows. CW-Bali did not have a material adverse impact on our 2018 retail segment results of operations.

 

Consistent with prior periods, we record all non-direct G&A expenses in our retail segment and do not allocate any of these non-direct costs to our other three business segments. Retail G&A expenses decreased to $9,088,804 for 2018 as compared to $9,288,941 as employee costs decreased approximately $103,000 principally as a result of a statutory retirement payment made in 2017.

 

Bulk Segment:

 

The bulk segment contributed $7,299,138 and $6,925,280 to our income from operations for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Bulk segment revenues were $25,294,821 and $23,615,787 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The increase in bulk revenues from 2017 to 2018 is attributable primarily to CW-Bahamas and OC-Cayman, which generated approximately $1.5 million in incremental revenues due to a significant increase in the prices of diesel fuel and electricity from 2017 to 2018, which increased the energy component of our bulk water rates in the Bahamas and Cayman Islands.

 

Gross profit for our bulk segment was $8,446,153 (33% of bulk revenues) and $7,865,385 (33% of bulk revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Bulk segment gross profit dollars increased due to the increase in revenues.

 

Bulk segment G&A expenses increased to $1,147,015 for 2018 as compared to $940,105 for 2017 due to additional bank charges incurred by CW-Bahamas and CW-Belize to repatriate funds to our parent company.

 

The water OC-Cayman sells to the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”) is produced at three reverse osmosis seawater conversion plants in Grand Cayman owned by the WAC, but designed, built and operated by OC-Cayman: the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants. The current operating agreements for the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants expire in February 2019, February 2019, and June 2019, respectively. In response to a WAC-initiated public bidding process for a new operating agreement encompassing both the North Sound and Red Gate plants, OC-Cayman submitted a bid for the new agreement.

 

On August 21, 2018, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new five-year contract commencing on February 1, 2019 for the operation of the North Sound and Red Gate plants. The revenues for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, are expected to be approximately 31% less the revenues under the current agreements, assuming comparable sales volumes. As a result of this price reduction, the revenues and operating income we will generate from the North Sound and Red Gate plants commencing February 1, 2019 will be significantly less than the revenues and operating income we presently generate from these plants under the prior agreements. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior North Sound and Red Gate water supply agreements, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of these plants directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

Although we have not yet negotiated or executed any binding documents, we are considering a possible sale of CW-Belize that would impact the future results of our bulk segment. See further discussion of this possible transaction at “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES, CW-Belize Liquidity.”

 

Services Segment:

 

The services segment incurred losses from operations of ($2,030,185) and ($2,458,594) for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Services segment revenues increased to $1,054,100 for 2018 as compared to $360,758 for 2017 due to approximately $710,000 in revenues for 2018 for a refurbishment project completed for OC-BVI’s Bar Bay plant.

 

Gross profit for the services segment was $132,447 and $40,172 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The improvement in gross profit for 2018 is attributable to the Bar Bay plant refurbishment project.

 

G&A expenses for the services segment were $2,162,632 and $2,498,766 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. The decrease in G&A expenses for 2018 results from a decrease of approximately $311,000 in the project development expenses incurred by our Mexican subsidiaries.

 

Manufacturing Segment:

 

The manufacturing segment incurred losses from operations of ($370,064) and ($490,639) for 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Manufacturing revenues were $4,798,948 and $5,444,678 for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Manufacturing revenues decreased from 2017 to 2018 due to Aerex’s production in 2018 of various components to be used by our other subsidiaries, CW-Bahamas (for the refurbishment of CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant) and Cayman Water (for the expansion of its Abel Castillo Water Works plant). While the revenues Aerex generated from this work for its affiliates amounted to approximately $2 million, such intercompany revenues are eliminated in consolidation for financial reporting purposes.

 

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Manufacturing segment gross profit was $1,498,578 (31% of manufacturing revenues) and $1,476,733 (27% of manufacturing revenues) for 2018 and 2017, respectively. Gross profit for 2018 increased as a percentage of revenues from 2017 due to a more profitable product mix but remained relatively flat in total dollars due to the lower revenues resulting from the elimination of the intercompany sales made by Aerex to its affiliates.

 

G&A expenses for the manufacturing segment were $1,865,311 for 2018 as compared to $1,967,372 for 2017. The decrease in G&A expenses for the manufacturing segment from 2017 to 2018 is attributable to a decrease of approximately $185,000 in product development expenses.

 

FINANCIAL CONDITION

 

The significant changes in our consolidated balance sheet as of September 30, 2018 as compared to December 31, 2017 (other than the change in our cash and cash equivalents, which is discussed later in “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES”) result from increases in accounts receivable and construction in progress.

 

The increase in our accounts receivable, from approximately $15.0 million as of December 31, 2017 to approximately $23.0 million as of September 30, 2018 is attributable to an increase in CW-Bahamas’ receivables from the WSC of approximately $7.0 million (See “LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES, CW-Bahamas-Liquidity” for further discussion of these receivables). The increase in construction in progress reflects capital improvements to CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant as well as Cayman Water’s Abel Castillo Water Works plant in Grand Cayman.

 

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

 

Liquidity Position

 

Our projected liquidity requirements for the remainder of 2018 include capital expenditures for our existing operations of approximately $2.6 million (primarily for capital improvements to the Windsor plant in the Bahamas and for the expansion of the Abel Castillo Water Works plant in Grand Cayman), approximately $900,000 to be expended for NSC's and AdR's project development activities and approximately $1.3 million for dividends payable. Our liquidity requirements may also include future quarterly dividends, if such dividends are declared by our Board. Our dividend payments amounted to approximately $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 and approximately $3.8 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2018.

 

In February 2017, we and the former sole shareholder of Aerex loaned Aerex $408,000 and $392,000, respectively, in the form of notes payable which were scheduled to mature on September 30, 2017 and bore interest at 1% per annum. In October 2017, we and the former sole shareholder of Aerex extended the term of the notes payable issued in February 2017 for an additional six months to a new maturity date of March 31, 2018. Additionally, in October 2017 we and the former sole shareholder loaned Aerex an additional $306,000 and $294,000, respectively, in the form of notes payable that bore interest at 1% with a maturity date of March 31, 2018. In March 2018, the original notes payable of $408,000 and $392,000 were repaid and the maturity date of the remaining notes payable of $306,000 and $294,000 was extended to September 30, 2018. In July 2018, the balances of these remaining notes payable were increased to $1,122,000 and $1,078,000, respectively, and their maturities were extended to June 30, 2019. In October 2018, Aerex repaid $714,000 and $686,000, respectively, of these notes payable.

 

As of September 30, 2018, we had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $34.4 million and working capital of approximately $55.1 million. Except for the liquidity matters relating to CW-Bahamas and CW-Belize that are discussed in paragraphs that follow, we are not presently aware of anything that would lead us to believe that we will not have sufficient liquidity to meet our needs for 2018 and thereafter.

 

CW-Bahamas Liquidity

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the WSC amounted to $16.1 million as of September 30, 2018 as compared to $9.1 million as of December 31, 2017. The increase in these accounts receivable has adversely impacted the liquidity of this subsidiary.

 

CW-Bahamas has also experienced similar delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC in prior years, and at times has held accounts receivable balances from the WSC in amounts comparable to the September 30, 2018 balance. During these periods, we arranged meetings and held discussions with representatives of the WSC and the Bahamas government to formulate a payment schedule for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable and such amounts were subsequently paid in full. Based upon this payment history, we have never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable, even though CW-Bahamas periodically has been owed substantial delinquent balances.

 

In October 2018, the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance provided CW-Bahamas with a proposed payment schedule to pay WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable balance as of September 30, 2018 in full by June 2019. If the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance does not adhere to this proposed payment schedule, or the WSC continues to be significantly delinquent in paying CW-Bahamas’ invoices, then in the coming months one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to continue normal operations; (ii) we may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) we may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

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CW-Belize Liquidity

 

Transfers of funds held by our subsidiary CW-Belize, to our parent company, which are accomplished by means of conversion of Belize dollars into U.S. dollars, require the approval of the Central Bank of Belize and are dependent on the amount of U.S. dollars available to Belize banks to execute such transfers. Weakness in the Belize economy and other factors have reduced the amount of U.S. dollars that Belize banks have available for transfer, which limited in prior years the amount of funds we were able to transfer from CW-Belize. Our repatriations of funds from CW-Belize to our parent company amounted to $458,000 and $400,000 for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, significantly less than the net income and net cash flows CW-Belize generated for those years.

 

During the quarter ended September 30, 2018, we signed a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with Belize Water Services Ltd. (“BWSL”) with respect to the potential sale of CW-Belize to BWSL, however we have not negotiated or executed any binding transaction documents. We were not otherwise considering a sale of CW-Belize, so as an incentive for us to consider this proposed transaction, BWSL promised in the MOU to facilitate both the conversion from Belize dollars to US dollars and the subsequent repatriation of all cash balances we have on deposit in Belize. With BWSL’s assistance, we were able to repatriate approximately $2.75 million in cash from Belize to our bank accounts in the Cayman Islands during the three months ended September 30, 2018 and an additional $1 million in October 2018. The transaction contemplated in the MOU is contingent on several factors, including but not limited to the successful negotiation of a final agreed-upon sales price and binding transactions documents, BWSL’s ability to obtain financing for the transaction, the completion of due diligence, governmental approvals, and the conversion and repatriation of our remaining cash balances in Belize.

 

As of September 30, 2018 and October 31, 2018 the equivalent U.S. dollar cash amounts for our bank account deposits in Belize were approximately $3.1 million, and $2.2 million, respectively.

 

CW-Belize generated sales and net income of approximately $2.4 million and $1.1 million, respectively, for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. CW-Belize generated sales and net income of approximately $2.9 million and $1.4 million, respectively, for the year ended December 31, 2017.

 

Discussion of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018

 

Our cash and cash equivalents decreased to $34.4 million as of September 30, 2018 from $47.2 million as of December 31, 2017.

 

Cash Flows from Operating Activities

 

Our operating activities provided cash of approximately $5,388,000. This net cash provided reflects net income generated for the nine months of approximately $9.3 million as adjusted for (i) various items included in the determination of net income that do not affect cash flows during the year; and (ii) changes in the other components of working capital. The more significant of such items and changes in working capital components included depreciation and amortization of approximately $5.2 million and a net increase in accounts receivable (attributable to CW-Bahamas) of approximately $7.9 million.

 

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in our investing activities was approximately $14.8 million. Additions to property, plant and equipment and construction in progress (arising from the refurbishment of the CW-Bahamas’ Windsor plant and the expansion of Cayman Water’s Abel Castillo Water Works plant) used approximately $13.7 million and $2.2 million was used for rights of way and additional land for the NSC and AdR project. This was slightly offset by $1,041,787 in collections on loans receivable from the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”).

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

 

Our financing activities used approximately $3.4 million in net cash as we paid dividends of approximately $3.8 million.

 

In March 2018, we repaid the original note payable of $392,000 to the former sole shareholder of Aerex. In July 2018, we increased the note payable to the former sole shareholder of Aerex by $784,000 from $294,000 to $1,078,000 and extended the maturity date to June 30, 2019.

 

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Material Commitments, Expenditures and Contingencies

 

Renewal of Retail License

 

We sell water through our retail operations under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that grants Cayman Water the exclusive right to provide potable water to customers within its licensed service area. As discussed below, this license was set to expire in July 2010 but has since been extended while negotiations for a new license take place. Pursuant to the license, Cayman Water has the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to its licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman, the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we generated approximately 33% and 33%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 45% and 48%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we generated approximately 37% and 38%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 51% and 52%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but has been extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. We continue to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on the assumption that the license has been further extended to allow the parties to continue negotiations without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services, and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”) to OfReg in May 2017. We began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. On November 2, 2018, we received a letter from OfReg in which OfReg rejected our most recent commercial proposal. Further, OfReg indicated that if we are unwilling to submit a new proposal offering certain additional concessions, then OfReg will have to consider its other available options. We have not yet determined how we will respond to this correspondence from OfReg. We cannot make any assurances that we will be able to reach an agreement with OfReg for a new license or that the terms of any license agreed to will be on terms as favorable to us as the terms of the license that expired January 31, 2018.

  

The Cayman Islands government could ultimately grant a third party a license to service some or all of Cayman Water’s present service area. However, as set forth in the existing license, “the Governor hereby agrees that upon the expiry of the term of this Licence or any extension thereof, he will not grant a licence or franchise to any other person or company for the processing, distribution, sale and supply of water within the Licence Area without having first offered such a licence or franchise to the Company on terms no less favourable than the terms offered to such other person or company.”

 

We are presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of our retail license negotiations will have on our cash flows, financial condition or results of operations but such resolution could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our retail operations and could require us to record an impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of our retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

NSC and AdR Project Development

  

In May 2010, we acquired, through our wholly-owned Netherlands subsidiary, Consolidated Water Cooperatief, U.A., (“CW-Cooperatief”) a 50% interest in N.S.C. Agua, S.A. de C.V. (“NSC”), a development stage Mexican company. We have since purchased, through the conversion of a loan we made to NSC, sufficient shares to raise our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. NSC was formed to pursue a project (the “Project”) encompassing the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and accompanying pipelines to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system. As discussed in the paragraphs that follow, during 2015 the scope of the Project was defined by the State of Baja California (the “State”) to consist of a first phase consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity with additional pipeline infrastructure.

 

Through a series of transactions completed in 2012-2014, NSC purchased 20.1 hectares of land for approximately $20.6 million on which the proposed Project’s plant would be constructed.

 

In November 2012, NSC entered into a lease with an effective term of 20 years from the date of full operation of the desalination plant with the Comisión Federal de Electricidad for approximately 5,000 square meters of land on which it plans to construct the water intake and discharge works for the plant. The amounts due on this lease are payable in Mexican pesos at an amount that is currently equivalent to approximately $15,000 per month. This lease may be cancelled by NSC should NSC ultimately not proceed with the Project.

 

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In August 2014, the State enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party that NSC is seeking to complete the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, on January 4, 2015, NSC submitted an expression of interest for its project to the Ministry of Infrastructure and Urban Development of the State of Baja California (“SIDUE”). SIDUE accepted NSC’s expression of interest and requested that NSC submit a detailed proposal for the Project that complies with the requirements of the new legislation. NSC submitted this detailed proposal (the “APP Proposal”) to SIDUE in late March 2015. The new legislation required that such proposal be evaluated by SIDUE and submitted to the Public-Private Association Projects State Committee (the “APP Committee”) for review and authorization. If the Project was authorized the State would be required to conduct a public tender for the Project.

 

In response to its APP Proposal, in September 2015 NSC received a letter dated June 30, 2015 from the Director General of the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the State agency with responsibility for the Project, stating that (i) the Project is in the public interest with high social benefits and is consistent with the objectives of the State development plan; and (ii) that the Project and accompanying required public tender process should be conducted. In November 2015, the State officially commenced the tender for the Project, the scope of which the State has defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity with additional pipeline infrastructure. A consortium comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Degremont S.A. de C.V. (the “Consortium”) submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of tender process for the Project.

 

Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016 NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operation and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operation. As of December 31, 2017 and September 30, 2018, NSC owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, CEA, the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater desalination plant (and accompanying aqueducts) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California; and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to a second delivery point in Tijuana. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueduct for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueduct will be transferred to CEA.

 

The APP Contract does not become effective until the following conditions are met:

 

·the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
·the CEA has obtained the rights from the relevant federal authority to take and desalinate seawater and distribute it for municipal use;
·various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
·AdR has obtained all of the rights of way required for the aqueduct;
·AdR has obtained permission from the relevant federal authority to discharge the residual water from the Project’s desalination plant; and
·all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress of the State of Baja, California in December 2017. Pursuant to the Financial Discipline Law and the terms of Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract expires on December 31, 2018. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration thereof, then a further amendment of Decreto #57 will be required to extend the authorization beyond such time. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration of such Decreto or if, following such expiration, the Congress of the State of Baja California fails to further amend Decreto #57 to extend the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract in a timely manner or at all, then AdR may be unable to proceed with the Project.

 

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Following its issuance, two actions were filed in Mexican Courts against Decreto #168. While neither NSC nor AdR have been named as a party in these actions, based upon publicly available information (1) one of these actions consists of a challenge filed by certain members of the Congress of the State of Baja California alleging certain elements of Decreto #168 are contrary to the Mexican constitution; and (2) the other action represents an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) filed by certain members of indigenous groups that alleges Decreto #168 violates certain of the human rights and individual guarantees they are afforded under the Mexican constitution. With respect to the action mentioned in (1), we understand based upon publicly available information that in August 2018 the Mexican Federal Supreme Court of Justice ruled to dismiss this action. With respect to the action mentioned in number (2), according to publicly available information, we understand that on March 27, 2018, a resolution dismissing such proceeding was issued (and subsequently published in the official lists of the corresponding court on April 16, 2018), as the claimants were not able to evidence their legal interest. On May 3, 2018, the court deciding on such action determined this resolution to be final, as the claimants did not file a remedy against it.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating, and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the definition of the mechanism required by the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project by including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project of changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V., (“Suez”) a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S., with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously. The aggregate funding to be provided by AdR’s shareholders for the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project.

 

NSC expects to generate a portion of its funding for AdR through the sale to AdR of the land it has purchased for the Project. Under the terms of the Agreement, Suez will design and construct the Project, while a joint venture company between NSC and Suez will operate the Project.

 

In February 2018, our subsidiary, Consolidated Water U.S. Holdings, acquired the remaining 0.4% of AdR’s equity ownership previously held by NuWater.

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez executed a contract whereby Suez will serve as the engineering, construction and procurement contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new, incoming federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The incoming federal administration has a hold on the federal government and a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

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If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup its right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of September 30, 2018 of approximately $20.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project, could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

Included in our results of operations are general and administrative expenses from NSC and AdR, consisting of organizational, legal, accounting, engineering, consulting and other costs relating to Project development activities. Such expenses amounted to approximately $846,000 and $864,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively, and $2,158,000 and $2,469,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The assets and liabilities of NSC and AdR included in our consolidated balance sheets amounted to approximately $26.2 million and $276,000, respectively, as of September 30, 2018 and approximately $23.1 million and $173,000 respectively, as of December 31, 2017.

 

Project Litigation Initiated by EWG

 

Tecate Claim:

 

Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, we paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided us with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate usufruct and power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, we acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required us to transfer or otherwise cause the individual shareholder to acquire, for a total price of $1 (regardless of their par or market value), shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement (causing the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC to be decreased); and (ii) we did not exercise our share purchase option by February 7, 2014. We exercised our option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

In October 2015, we learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter, among others: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records.

 

EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. Further, on May 25, 2017, such court declaration became definitive. However, EWG was entitled to refile the lawsuit.

 

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Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, in January 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim (the “Tijuana Claim”) against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

The Tijuana Claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In the Tijuana Claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter to: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. The Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental /public entities involved with the Project, including the registration of the pendency of the lawsuit in certain public records, similarly to the Tecate Claim.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court. Such suspension was granted definitely in July 2018, and in August 2018, a resolution determining that the claimed official writs are unconstitutional, was issued. EWG filed a remedy against such resolution, which has not yet been resolved.

 

On October 16, 2018, NSC was served with the Tijuana Claim. NSC is in the process of preparing a legal response to this claim, vigorously opposing the claims made by EWG. In addition to such legal response, NSC has filed a request to submit the Tijuana Claim to arbitration, based on certain provisions of the by-laws of NSC, as well as an appeal remedy against the preliminary relief. Neither such request nor the mentioned appeal have been resolved.

 

CW-Cooperatief has not been officially served with the Tijuana Claim, and AdR has not been notified that it has to appear for such trial.

 

We cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of the Tijuana Claim may have on the Project.

 

CW-Belize

 

By Statutory Instrument No. 81 of 2009, the Minister of Public Utilities of the government of Belize published an order, the Public Utility Provider Class Declaration Order, 2009 (the “Order”), which as of May 1, 2009 designated CW-Belize as a public utility provider under the laws of Belize. With this designation, the Public Utilities Commission of Belize (the “PUC”) has the authority to set the rates charged by CW-Belize and to otherwise regulate its activities. On November 1, 2010, CW-Belize received a formal complaint from the PUC alleging that CW-Belize was operating without a license under the terms of the Water Industry Act. CW-Belize applied for this license in December 2010. On July 29, 2011, the PUC issued the San Pedro Public Water Supply Quality and Security Complaint Order (the “Second Order”) which among other things requires that (i) CW-Belize and its customer jointly make a submission to the responsible Minister requesting that the area surrounding CW-Belize’s seawater abstraction wells be designated a forest reserve or national park and be designated a Controlled Area under section 58 of the Water Industry Act, (ii) CW-Belize submit an operations manual for CW-Belize’s desalination plant to the PUC for approval, (iii) CW-Belize and its customer modify the water supply agreement between the parties to (a) include new water quality parameters included in the Order and (b) cap the current exclusive water supply arrangement in the agreement at a maximum of 450,000 gallons per day, (iv) CW-Belize keep a minimum number of replacement seawater RO membranes in stock at all times and (v) CW-Belize take possession of and reimburse the PUC for certain equipment which the PUC purchased from a third-party in late 2010. CW-Belize has applied for declaratory judgment and has been granted a temporary injunction to stay the enforcement of the Second Order by the PUC until such time as the Belize courts could hear the matter. The initial hearing on this matter was conducted on October 30 and 31, 2012 with an additional hearing on November 29, 2012.

 

On December 8, 2017, we received a favorable ruling from the Supreme Court of Belize stating that (i) the claims by the PUC in the Order and the Second Order were unlawful, null and void and of no effect; and (ii) the PUC is prohibited from taking any steps or proceedings or making any further Order in respect of the said Order. However, on February 20, 2018, the PUC filed an appeal with the Belize Court of Appeal, the results of which are pending. We are presently unable to determine what impact the resolution of this matter will have on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

OC-Cayman

 

Through our wholly-owned subsidiary, OC-Cayman, we provide bulk water to the WAC under various agreements. The WAC in turn distributes that water to properties in Grand Cayman outside of Cayman Water’s retail license area.

 

The water OC-Cayman sells to the WAC is produced at three reverse osmosis seawater conversion plants in Grand Cayman owned by the WAC, but designed, built and operated by OC-Cayman: the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants. The current operating agreements for the North Sound, Red Gate and North Side Water Works plants expire in February 2019, February 2019, and June 2019, respectively. In response to a WAC-initiated public bidding process for a new operating agreement encompassing both the North Sound and Red Gate plants, we submitted a bid for the new agreement.

 

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On August 21, 2018, the WAC accepted OC-Cayman’s bid for the new agreement, and the WAC and OC-Cayman entered into a new five-year contract commencing on February 1, 2019 for the operation of the North Sound and Red Gate plants. The revenues for the water supplied under the new agreement, excluding the pass-through energy component, are expected to be approximately 31% less than the revenues under the current agreements, assuming comparable sales volumes. As a result of this price reduction, the revenues and operating income we will generate from the North Sound and Red Gate plants commencing February 1, 2019 will be significantly less than the revenues and operating income we presently generate from these plants under the prior agreements. The remaining terms of the new agreement are substantially consistent with those of the prior North Sound and Red Gate water supply agreements, except that under the new agreement the WAC will pay the energy costs for the operation of these plants directly to the utility company rather than reimburse OC-Cayman for these costs.

 

We generated total revenues of approximately $5.7 million and $7.2 million from these three plants during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

If we do not obtain a new bulk water supply agreement for the North Side Water Works plant, or if such new agreement is obtained on terms less favorable than our existing agreement, our results of operations and cash flows will be adversely affected.

 

Adoption of new accounting standards

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 requires revenue recognition to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 prescribes a five-step framework in accounting for revenues from contracts within its scope, including (a) identification of the contract, (b) identification of the performance obligations under the contract, (c) determination of the transaction price, (d) allocation of the transaction price to the identified performance obligations and (e) recognition of revenues as the identified performance obligations are satisfied. ASU 2014-09 also prescribes additional disclosures and financial statement presentations. ASU 2014-09 may be adopted retrospectively or under a modified retrospective method where the cumulative effect is recognized at the date of initial application. This amendment was originally effective January 1, 2017. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date, which defers the effective date by one year to January 1, 2018. Early application is permitted but not before January 1, 2017.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), that amends the principal versus agent guidance in ASU 2014-09. ASU 2016-08 clarifies that the analysis must focus on whether the entity has control of the goods or services before they are transferred to the customer. ASU 2016-08 also provides additional guidance about how to apply the control principle when services are provided and when goods or services are combined with other goods or services.

 

In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, that amends the revenue guidance in ASU 2014-09 on identifying performance obligations and accounting for licenses of intellectual property. ASU 2016-10 changed the FASB's previous proposals on renewals of right-to-use licenses and contractual restrictions. The effective date of the standard for us will coincide with ASU 2014-09 during the first quarter 2018.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-11, Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Rescission of SEC Guidance Because of Accounting Standards Updates 2014-09 and 2014-16 Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the March 3, 2016 EITF Meeting. ASU 2016-11 rescinds several SEC Staff Announcements that are codified in Topic 605, including, among other items, guidance relating to accounting for shipping and handling fees and freight services.

 

In May 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-12, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which clarifies implementation guidance around collectability, sales taxes collected from customers, noncash considerations, contract modifications at transition, and completed contracts at transition.

 

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-20, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which amended the guidance on performance obligation disclosures and makes technical corrections and improvements to the new revenue standard. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, and permits early adoption on a limited basis. The update permits the use of either the retrospective or cumulative effect transition method.

 

The effective dates of ASU 2016-08, ASU 2016-10, ASU 2016-11, ASU 2016-12 and ASU 2016-20 are the same as ASU 2015-14 discussed above. On January 1, 2018, we adopted Topic 606 using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. There was no impact to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2018 as a result of the adoption of this standard.

 

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, which provides guidance for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of financial assets and financial liabilities. In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-03, Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments-Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, that clarifies the guidance in ASU No. 2016-01 on equity securities and certain fair value option liabilities among other things. ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-03 are effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017 and, for most provisions, is effective using the cumulative-effect transition approach. Early application is permitted for certain provisions.

 

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The adoption of ASU 2016-01 and ASU 2018-03 did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which clarifies how certain cash receipts and payments are presented in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2016-15 did not have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2018. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the adoption resulted in a reclass of approximately $1.1 million from investing activities to operating activities in the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows related to the distribution of earnings from OC-BVI.

 

Effect of newly issued but not yet effective accounting standards

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which amends the guidance relating to the definition of a lease, recognition of lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet, and the related disclosure requirements. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases: Targeted Improvements, which amends the new leasing guidance such that entities may elect not to restate their comparative periods in the period of adoption. The guidance requires lessees to recognize an asset and liability on the balance sheet for all of their lease obligations. Operating leases were previously not recognized on the balance sheet. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. We will adopt the standard using the modified retrospective method for its existing leases and expects that this standard will increase lease assets and lease liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. We intend to elect certain practical expedients and will carry forward historical conclusions related to (1) contracts that contain leases, (2) existing lease classification for any expired or existing leases, and (3) initial direct costs for any existing leases. We will also apply the practical expedient that will allow us to elect, as an accounting policy, by asset class, to include both lease and non-lease components as a single component and account for it as a lease. We will apply the short-term lease exception for lessees which will allow us to not have to apply the recognition requirements of the new leasing guidance for short-term leases and to recognize lease payments in net income on a straight-line basis over the lease term. We will also apply the practical expedient related to land easements, allowing us to carry forward our accounting treatment for land easements on existing agreements. Based on an analysis we performed, the adoption of this new lease standard is not expected to have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

 

Dividends

 

·On January 31, 2018, we paid a dividend of $0.085 to shareholders of record on January 3, 2018.
·On April 30, 2018, we paid a dividend of $0.085 to shareholders of record on April 2, 2018.
·On July 31, 2018, we paid a dividend of $0.085 to shareholders of record on July 2, 2018.
·On August 14, 2018, our Board declared a dividend of $0.085 payable on October 31, 2018 to shareholders of record on October 1, 2018.

 

We have paid dividends to owners of our common shares and redeemable preferred shares since we began declaring dividends in 1985. Our payment of any future cash dividends will depend upon our earnings, financial condition, cash flows, capital requirements and other factors our Board of Directors deems relevant in determining the amount and timing of such dividends.

 

Dividend Reinvestment and Common Stock Purchase Plan

 

This program is available to our shareholders, who may reinvest all or a portion of their common cash dividends into shares of common stock at prevailing market prices and may also invest optional cash payments to purchase additional shares at prevailing market prices as part of this program.

 

Impact of Inflation

 

Under the terms of our Cayman Islands license and our water sales agreements in the Bahamas, Belize and the British Virgin Islands, our water rates are automatically adjusted for inflation on an annual basis, subject to temporary exceptions. We, therefore, believe that the impact of inflation on our gross profit, measured in consistent dollars, will not be material. However, significant increases in items such as fuel and energy costs could create additional credit risks for us, as our customers’ ability to pay our invoices could be adversely affected by such increases.

 

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ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

There have been no material changes in our exposure to market risk from December 31, 2017 to the end of the period covered by this report.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

Our management has evaluated, with the participation of its principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer, the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer have concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective at the reasonable assurance level.

 

Changes in Internal Controls

 

There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation of such internal control that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

CW-Bali

 

In October 2017, CW-Bali’s sole remaining customer filed a lawsuit in the district court of Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia against CW-Bali, CW-Bali’s President, and our Chief Financial Officer in his capacity as the President of CW-Bali’s Board of Commissioners (i.e. Directors) seeking compensatory damages of 57.1 billion rupiahs and punitive damages of 26 billion rupiahs as a result of the anticipated breach of this customer’s water supply agreement that will arise from CW-Bali’s planned cessation of operations. Such damages were equivalent to approximately $3.8 million and $1.7 million, respectively, based upon the exchange rate between the dollar and the rupiah as of September 30, 2018. In April 2018, the Denpasar court ruled that it had no authority to adjudicate the case due to a clause in the water supply agreement that requires all disputes to be handled through arbitration in Singapore. However, the customer immediately filed an appeal with respect to the Denpasar court ruling. In October 2018, the Denpasar appeals court issued its ruling which upheld the previous court’s ruling, thereby denying the customer’s appeal.

 

CW-Belize

 

By Statutory Instrument No. 81 of 2009, the Minister of Public Utilities of the government of Belize published an order, the Public Utility Provider Class Declaration Order, 2009 (the “Order”), which as of May 1, 2009 designated CW-Belize as a public utility provider under the laws of Belize. With this designation, the Public Utilities Commission of Belize (the “PUC”) has the authority to set the rates charged by CW-Belize and to otherwise regulate its activities. On November 1, 2010, CW-Belize received a formal complaint from the PUC alleging that CW-Belize was operating without a license under the terms of the Water Industry Act. CW-Belize applied for this license in December 2010. On July 29, 2011, the PUC issued the San Pedro Public Water Supply Quality and Security Complaint Order (the “Second Order”) which among other things requires that (i) CW-Belize and its customer jointly make a submission to the responsible Minister requesting that the area surrounding CW-Belize’s seawater abstraction wells be designated a forest reserve or national park and be designated a Controlled Area under section 58 of the Water Industry Act, (ii) CW-Belize submit an operations manual for CW-Belize’s desalination plant to the PUC for approval, (iii) CW-Belize and its customer modify the water supply agreement between the parties to (a) include new water quality parameters included in the Order and (b) cap the current exclusive water supply arrangement in the agreement at a maximum of 450,000 gallons per day, (iv) CW-Belize keep a minimum number of replacement seawater RO membranes in stock at all times and (v) CW-Belize take possession of and reimburse the PUC for certain equipment which the PUC purchased from a third-party in late 2010. CW-Belize has applied for declaratory judgment and has been granted a temporary injunction to stay the enforcement of the Second Order by the PUC until such time as the Belize courts could hear the matter. The initial hearing on this matter was conducted on October 30 and 31, 2012 with an additional hearing on November 29, 2012.

 

On December 8, 2017, we received a favorable ruling from the Supreme Court of Belize stating that (i) the claims by the PUC in the Order and the Second Order were unlawful, null and void and of no effect; and (ii) the PUC is prohibited from taking any steps or proceedings or making any further Order in respect of the said Order. However, on February 20, 2018, the PUC filed an appeal with the Belize Court of Appeal for Belize, the results of which are pending. We are presently unable to determine what impact the Order and the Second Order will have on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

 

NSC and AdR Project Development

 

Project Litigation Initiated by EWG

 

Tecate Claim:

 

Immediately following CW-Cooperatief’s acquisition of its initial 50% ownership in NSC, the remaining 50% ownership interest in NSC was held by an unrelated company, Norte Sur Agua, S. de R.L. de C.V. (“NSA”). NSA subsequently transferred ownership of half of its shares in NSC to EWG Water LLC (“EWG”) and the other half of its shares in NSC to Alejandro de la Vega (the “individual shareholder”). In February 2012, we paid $300,000 to enter into an agreement (the “Option Agreement”) that provided us with an option, exercisable through February 7, 2014, to purchase the shares of NSC owned by the individual shareholder for a price of $1.0 million along with an immediate power of attorney to vote those shares. Such shares constituted 25% of the ownership of NSC as of February 2012. In May 2013, NSC repaid a $5.7 million loan payable to CW-Cooperatief by issuing additional shares of its stock. As a result of this share issuance to CW-Cooperatief, we acquired 99.99% of the ownership of NSC. The Option Agreement contained an anti-dilution provision that required us to issue new shares in NSC of an amount sufficient to maintain the individual shareholder’s 25% ownership interest in NSC if (i) any new shares of NSC were issued subsequent to the execution of the Option Agreement; and (ii) we did not exercise our share purchase option by February 7, 2014. We exercised our option and paid the $1.0 million to the individual shareholder to purchase the Option Agreement shares in February 2014.

 

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In October 2015, we learned that EWG filed a lawsuit against the individual shareholder, NSC, NSA, CW-Cooperatief, other third parties, and the Public Registry of Commerce of Tijuana, Baja California in the Civil Court located in Tecate, Baja California, Mexico. In this lawsuit, EWG challenged, among other things, the capital investment transactions that increased our ownership interest in NSC to 99.99%. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; and (c) appoint an inspector for NSA and NSC to oversee its commercial activities. The court granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the placement of inscriptions for the lawsuit on NSC’s public records.

 

EWG also sought an order directing, among other things: (i) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief to refrain from carrying out any transactions with respect to the Project; and (ii) NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, and the partners thereof, to refrain from transferring any interests in NSA, NSC and CW-Cooperatief.

 

On April 5, 2016, NSC filed a motion for reconsideration with the Tecate, Mexico court asking, among other things, that the court; (i) reverse its order to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records; (ii) cancel the appointment of the inspector; and (iii) allow NSC to provide a counter-guarantee to suspend the effects of the court’s order regarding the challenged transactions. On April 26, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued an interlocutory judgment (i) ordering the cancellation of the inscriptions on NSC’s public records; and (ii) rejecting NSC’s motion for cancellation of the appointment of the inspector.

 

On April 26, 2016, NSC filed a full answer to EWG’s claims rejecting every claim made by EWG.

 

On May 17, 2016, NSC filed a claim with the Third District Court in Matters of Amparo and Federal Trials in the City of Tijuana, Baja California (the “Amparo Court”) challenging the Tecate, Mexico court ex-parte order which appointed an inspector over NSC’s commercial activities. On July 29, 2016, the Amparo Court found that such appointment is unconstitutional and reversed the Tecate, Mexico court’s appointment of an inspector.

 

On September 6, 2016, the Tecate, Mexico court issued a decree granting the counter-guaranty requested by NSC. Such counter-guaranty was fixed in the amount of 300,000 Mexican pesos and was given to the court on October 13, 2016 at which time all remaining ex-parte restrictions on NSC related to the challenged transactions were suspended.

 

On May 2, 2017, the Tecate, Mexico court declared that the initial filing of this lawsuit had expired due to EWG’s lack of activity with respect to certain actions required to proceed to trial. However, EWG can appeal the expiration or refile the lawsuit.

 

Tijuana Claim - Amparo:

 

In addition to the Tecate Claim, we understand from publicly available information that during 2018, EWG initiated an ordinary mercantile claim against the individual shareholder named in the Tecate Claim, NSC and CW-Cooperatief, (with AdR being named as a third party to be called to trial) before the Tenth Civil Judge in Tijuana, Baja California for Mercantile Matters (the “Tenth Civil Judge”).

 

Neither NSC nor CW-Cooperatief have been officially served with such claim, nor has AdR been notified that it has to appear for such trial. However, we understand that this claim is similar to the Tecate Claim in the petitions sought by EWG. In this claim, EWG challenged, among other things, the transactions contemplated under the Option Agreement, and therefore, the capital investment transactions that increased the ownership interest of CW-Cooperatief in NSC to 99.99%, as a consequence of the Option Agreement. EWG requested that the court, as a preliminary matter to: (a) suspend the effectiveness of the challenged transactions; (b) order public officials in Mexico to record the pendency of the lawsuit in the public records (including a special request to register a lien over the real estate owned by NSC); (c) appoint an inspector for NSC to oversee its commercial activities; and (d) order public officials in Mexico and credit institutions abroad to refrain from authorizing or executing any legal act related with the activities of the plaintiff, the co-defendants and the third party called to trial to avoid damages to third parties, including those with whom negotiations or any form of commercial or administrative activities, or activities of any other nature related with the “Rosarito” water desalination project, are being conducted. We understand that the Tenth Civil Judge granted, ex-parte, the preliminary relief sought by EWG, which resulted in the issuance of official writs to several governmental/public entities involved with the Project. AdR and NSC are in the process of preparing legal responses to this claim under the belief they will be officially served in the near future.

 

In April 2018, AdR filed an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) against the official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two governmental entities. In May 2018, the amparo claim was amended to also request protection against additional official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge to two other governmental entities and one banking institution. In May 2018, the Third District Court for Amparo and Federal Trials in the State of Baja California with residence in Tijuana granted a temporary suspension of the effects and consequences of the claimed official writs issued by the Tenth Civil Judge pending a further determination by the Third District Court.

 

We cannot presently determine what impact the resolution of this litigation may have on the Project.

 

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ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

Our business faces significant risks. These risks include those disclosed in Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 as supplemented by the additional risk factors included below. If any of the events or circumstances described in the referenced risks actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially adversely affected and such events or circumstances could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this report. These risks should be read in conjunction with the other information set forth in this Quarterly Report as well as in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 and in our other periodic reports on Form 10-Q and Form 8-K.

 

Our Bahamas subsidiary is experiencing substantial delays in the collection of its accounts receivable. If these collections do not improve significantly in the near future, our Bahamas subsidiary may not have sufficient liquidity to continue operations, and our consolidated results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

 

CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable balances due from the WSC amounted to $16.1 million as of September 30, 2018 as compared to $9.1 million as of December 31, 2017. The increase in these accounts receivable has adversely impacted the liquidity of this subsidiary.

 

CW-Bahamas has also experienced similar delays in collecting its accounts receivable from the WSC in prior years, and at times has held accounts receivable balances from the WSC in amounts comparable to the September 30, 2018 balance. During these periods, we arranged meetings and held discussions with representatives of the WSC and the Bahamas government to formulate a payment schedule for WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable and such amounts were subsequently paid in full. Based upon this payment history, we have never been required to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts for any of CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable, even though CW-Bahamas periodically has been owed substantial delinquent balances.

 

In October 2018, the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance provided CW-Bahamas with a proposed payment schedule to pay WSC’s delinquent accounts receivable as of September 30, 2018 in full by June 2019. If the Bahamas’ Ministry of Finance does not adhere to this proposed payment schedule, or the WSC continues to be significantly delinquent in paying CW-Bahamas’ invoices, then in the coming months one or more of the following events may occur: (i) CW-Bahamas may not have sufficient liquidity to continue normal operations; (ii) we may be required to cease the recognition of revenues on CW-Bahamas’ water supply agreements with the WSC; and (iii) we may be required to provide an allowance for CW-Bahamas’ accounts receivable. Any of these events could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.

 

Our exclusive license to provide water to retail customers in the Cayman Islands may not be renewed in the future.

 

In the Cayman Islands, we provide water to retail customers under a license issued in July 1990 by the Cayman Islands government that grants our subsidiary, Cayman Water, the exclusive right to provide water to retail customers within our licensed service area. Pursuant to the license, we have the exclusive right to produce potable water and distribute it by pipeline to our licensed service area, which consists of two of the three most populated areas of Grand Cayman, the Seven Mile Beach and West Bay areas. For the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we generated approximately 33% and 33%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 45% and 48%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license. For the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017, we generated approximately 37% and 38%, respectively, of our consolidated revenues and 51% and 52%, respectively, of our consolidated gross profit from the retail water operations conducted pursuant to Cayman Water’s exclusive license.

 

The license was originally scheduled to expire in July 2010 but has been extended several times by the Cayman Islands government in order to provide the parties with additional time to negotiate the terms of a new license agreement. The most recent extension of the license expired on January 31, 2018. We continue to provide water subsequent to January 31, 2018 on the assumption that the license has been further extended to allow the parties to continue negotiations without interruption to an essential service.

 

In October 2016, the Government of the Cayman Islands passed legislation which created a new utilities regulation and competition office (“OfReg”). OfReg is an independent and accountable regulatory body with a view of protecting the rights of consumers, encouraging affordable utility services, and promoting competition. OfReg, which began operations in January 2017, has the ability to supervise, monitor and regulate multiple utility undertakings and markets. Supplemental legislation was passed by the Government of the Cayman Islands in April 2017, which transferred responsibility for economic regulation of the water utility sector and the retail license negotiations from the Water Authority-Cayman (“WAC”) to OfReg in May 2017. We began license negotiations with OfReg in July 2017 and such negotiations are continuing. On November 2, 2018, we received a letter from OfReg in which OfReg rejected our most recent commercial proposal. Further, OfReg indicated that if we are unwilling to submit a new proposal offering certain additional concessions, then OfReg will have to consider its other available options. We have not yet determined how we will respond to this correspondence from OfReg. We cannot make any assurances that we will be able to reach an agreement with OfReg for a new license or that the terms of any license agreed to will be on terms as favorable to us as the terms of the license that expired January 31, 2018.

 

The resolution of these license negotiations could result in a material reduction (or the loss) of the operating income and cash flows we have historically generated from our Cayman Water retail operations and could require us to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying values of our retail segment assets. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Our bulk water supply agreements in the Cayman Islands may not be renewed or may be renewed on terms less favorable to us.

 

All of our bulk water supply agreements are for fixed terms, and such agreements for plants that we operate but are owned by our customers provide for our customers to take over the operations of the plant upon expiration of the agreements.

 

Our bulk water supply agreement with the WAC for their North Side Water Works plant expires in June 2019. The current operating agreements for the North Sound and Red Gate plants expire in February 2019; however, the WAC and OC-Cayman have entered into a new five-year contract commencing on February 1, 2019 for the operation of the North Sound and Red Gate plants.

 

We generated total revenues of approximately $5.7 million and $7.2 million from these three plants during the nine months ended September 30, 2018 and the year ended December 31, 2017, respectively.

 

If we do not obtain a new bulk water supply agreement for the North Side Water Works plant, or if such new agreement is obtained on terms less favorable to us than our existing agreement, our results of operations and cash flows will be adversely affected.

 

We have paid $23.8 million for land, rights of way and equipment and incurred development expenses of approximately $26.7 million to date for a possible project in Mexico. We expect to expend significant additional funds in 2018 to continue to pursue this project. However, we may not be successful in completing this project.

 

We own 99.99% of N.S.C. Agua, S.A. de C.V. (“NSC”), a development stage Mexico company formed to pursue a project encompassing the construction, operation and minority ownership of a 100 million gallon per day seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant to be located in northern Baja California, Mexico and an accompanying pipeline to deliver water to the Mexican potable water system (the “Project”). As of September 30, 2018, our consolidated balance sheet includes purchases for the Project of approximately $23.8 million for land, rights of way and equipment. The Project development activities we have conducted, which include conducting an equipment piloting plant and water data collection program at the proposed feed water source, completing various engineering studies and obtaining various governmental permits, have resulted in additional developmental expenses totaling $26.7 million from 2010 through September 30, 2018.

 

In August 2014, the State of Baja California (the “State”) enacted new legislation to regulate Public-Private Association projects which involve the type of long-term contract between a public-sector authority and a private party that NSC is seeking to complete the Project (the “APP Law”). Pursuant to this new legislation, in November 2015 the State officially commenced a tender process for the Project, the scope of which the State defined as a first phase to be operational in 2019 consisting of a 50 million gallon per day plant and a pipeline that connects to the Mexican potable water infrastructure and a second phase to be operational in 2024 consisting of an additional 50 million gallons per day of production capacity. A consortium comprised of NSC, NuWater S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“NuWater”) and Degremont S.A. de C.V. (the “Consortium”) submitted its tender for the Project in April 2016 and in June 2016, the State designated the Consortium as the winner of the tender process for the Project.

 

Due to the amount of capital the Project requires, NSC will ultimately need an equity partner or partners for the Project. Consequently, NSC’s tender to the State for the Project was based upon the following: (i) NSC will sell or otherwise transfer the land and other Project assets to a new company (“Newco”) that would build and own the Project; (ii) NSC’s potential partners would provide the majority of the equity for the Project and thereby would own the majority interest in Newco; (iii) NSC would maintain a minority ownership position in Newco; and (iv) Newco would enter into a long-term management and technical services contract for the Project with an entity partially owned by NSC or another Company subsidiary.

 

In August 2016, NSC and NuWater incorporated Newco under the name Aguas de Rosarito S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“AdR”), a special purpose company, to complete the Project and executed a shareholders agreement for AdR agreeing among other things that: (i) AdR would purchase the land and other Project assets from NSC on the date that the Project begins commercial operation and (ii) AdR would enter into a Management and Technical Services Agreement with NSC effective on the first day that the Project begins commercial operation. As of December 31, 2017, NSC owned 99.6% of the equity of AdR.

 

On August 22, 2016, the Public Private Partnership Agreement for public private partnership number 002/2015, bid number SIDUE-CEA-APP-2015-002 (“APP Contract”), was executed between AdR, the Comisión Estatal del Agua de Baja California (“CEA”), the Government of Baja California represented by the Secretary of Planning and Finance and the Public Utilities Commission of Tijuana (“CESPT”). The APP Contract requires AdR to design, construct, finance and operate a seawater desalination plant (and accompanying aqueducts) with a capacity of up to 100 million gallons per day in two phases: the first with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to the Mexican potable water system in Tijuana, Baja California; and the second phase with a capacity of 50 million gallons per day and an aqueduct to a second delivery point in Tijuana. The first phase must be operational within 36 months of commencing construction and the second phase must be operational by July 2024. The APP Contract further requires AdR to operate and maintain the plant and aqueducts for a period of 37 years starting from the commencement of operation of the first phase. At the end of the operating period, the plant and aqueducts will be transferred to CEA.

 

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The APP Contract does not become effective until the following conditions are met:

 

·the State has established and registered various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for specific use by the Project;
·the CEA has obtained the rights from the relevant federal authority to take and desalinate seawater and distribute it for municipal use;
·various water purchase and sale agreements between the CEA, the payment trusts and the CESPT have been executed;
·AdR has obtained all of the rights of way required for the aqueduct;
·AdR has obtained permission from the relevant federal authority to discharge the residual water from the Project’s desalination plant; and
·all debt financing agreements necessary to provide the funding to AdR for the first phase of the Project have been executed.

 

In December 2016, the Congress of the State of Baja California, Mexico passed Decreto #57 which, among other things, ratified and authorized the payment obligations of the corresponding public entities under the APP Contract. During 2017, following consultations between representatives of the State of Baja California and the Ministry of Finance of the Federal Government of Mexico, it was determined that certain amendments to Decreto #57 were required to comply with recent changes to the Federal Financial Discipline Law for Federative Entities and Municipalities (the “Financial Discipline Law”). In addition, it was necessary to amend Decreto #57 to authorize the inclusion of revenues from the CESPT in the primary payment trust for the Project. These amendments were included in Decreto #168, which was approved by the Congress of the State of Baja California in December 2017. Pursuant to the Financial Discipline Law and the terms of Decreto #57, as amended by Decreto #168, the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract expires on December 31, 2018. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration thereof, then a further amendment of Decreto #57 will be required to extend the authorization beyond such time. If the State fails to establish the various payment trusts, guaranties and bank credit lines for use by the Project authorized by Decreto #57, as amended, prior to the expiration of such Decreto or if, following such expiration, the Congress of the State of Baja California fails to further amend Decreto #57 to extend the authorization of the payment obligations of the public entities under the APP Contract in a timely manner or at all, then AdR may be unable to proceed with the Project.

 

Following its issuance, two actions were filed in Mexican Courts against Decreto #168. While neither NSC nor AdR have been named as a party in these actions, based upon publicly available information (1) one of these actions consists of a challenge filed by certain members of the Congress of the State of Baja California alleging certain elements of Decreto #168 are contrary to the Mexican constitution; and (2) the other action represents an amparo (i.e. a constitutional appeal) filed by certain members of indigenous groups that alleges Decreto #168 violates certain of the human rights and individual guarantees they are afforded under the Mexican constitution. With respect to the action mentioned in (1), we understand based upon publicly available information that in August 2018 the Mexican Federal Supreme Court of Justice ruled to dismiss this action. With respect to the action mentioned in number (2), according to publicly available information, we understand that on March 27, 2018, a resolution dismissing such proceeding was issued (and subsequently published in the official lists of the corresponding court on April 16, 2018), as the claimants were not able to evidence their legal interest. On May 3, 2018, the court deciding on such action determined this resolution to be final, as the claimants did not file a remedy against it.

 

Both the exchange rate for the Mexico peso relative to the dollar and general macroeconomic conditions in Mexico have varied since the execution of the APP Contract. These changes have adversely impacted the estimated construction, operating, and financing costs for the Project. The APP Contract and the APP Law allow for the parties to negotiate (but do not guarantee) modifications to the consideration (i.e. water tariff) under the APP Contract in the event of such significant macroeconomic condition changes. In February 2017, AdR submitted proposals to the CEA requesting the addition of a mechanism in the APP Contract to update the consideration under the APP Contract for changes in foreign exchange rates, lending rates and certain laws which have impacted the Project. On June 1, 2018, AdR and the CEA executed an amendment to the APP Contract which, among other things, increases the scope of Phase 1 of the Project by including the aqueduct originally designated for Phase 2, and addresses AdR’s concerns regarding the impact on the Project of changes in the exchange rate for the peso relative to the dollar and changes in interest rates that have occurred subsequent to the submission of the Consortium’s bid for the Project. As a result of this amendment to the APP Contract, the final cost of Phase 1 and the related consideration to be charged by AdR under the APP Contract will be determined based upon the bid submitted by the Consortium, the changes set forth in the amendment to the APP Contract and the economic conditions (e.g. interest rates and currency exchange rates) in effect on the financial closing date for Phase 1.

 

In February 2018, AdR executed a subscription agreement (the “Agreement”) for the equity funding required for the Project. The Agreement calls for NSC to retain a minimum of 25% of the equity in AdR. One or more affiliates of Greenfield SPV VII, S.A.P.I. de C.V. (“Greenfield”), a Mexico company managed by an affiliate of a leading U.S. asset manager, will acquire a minimum of 55% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement also provides Suez Medio Ambiente México, S.A. de C.V., (“Suez”), a subsidiary of SUEZ International, S.A.S., with the option to purchase 20% of the equity of AdR. If Suez does not exercise this option, NSC will retain 35% of the equity of AdR and Greenfield will acquire 65% of the equity of AdR. The Agreement will become effective when the additional conditions related to the Project are met, including but not limited to those conditions discussed previously with respect to this risk factor. The aggregate investment to be made by the equity partners in the Project, in the form of equity and subordinated shareholder loans, is presently estimated at approximately 20% of the total cost of Phase 1 of the Project.

 

NSC expects to generate a portion of its funding for AdR through the sale to AdR of the land it has purchased for the Project. Under the terms of the Agreement, Suez will design and construct the Project, while a joint venture company between NSC and Suez will operate the Project.

 

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In February 2018, our subsidiary, Consolidated Water U.S. Holdings, acquired the remaining 0.4% of AdR’s equity ownership previously held by NuWater.

 

In June 2018, AdR and Suez executed a contract whereby Suez will serve as the engineering, construction and procurement contractor for the Project with such contract becoming effective on the effective date of the APP Contract.

 

The political environment in Mexico has recently experienced significant changes and the new, incoming federal administration has made economic policy announcements focusing on austerity. While the long-term ramifications of such changes and announcements are unknown, in the short-term they have (i) caused certain rating agencies to lower Mexico’s sovereign credit rating, (ii) resulted in a decrease in the value of the Mexico peso and (iii) created uncertainty with respect to the incoming administration’s position on projects and contracts approved by previous administrations. The incoming federal administration has a hold on the federal government and a strong influence on many of the state and local governments and congresses, raising the possibility that the federal government will influence local politics, which could impact the State’s and the CEA’s ability to meet certain conditions required to make the APP Contract effective.

 

If AdR is ultimately unable to proceed with the Project due to a failure by any of the parties involved to meet the conditions necessary for the APP Contract to become effective, or for any other reason, the land NSC has purchased and the right of way deposits may lose their strategic importance derived from their association with the Project and consequently may decline in value. If AdR does not proceed with the Project, NSC may ultimately be unable to sell this land or recoup its right of way deposits for amounts at least equal to their carrying values as of September 30, 2018 of approximately $20.6 million and $3.0 million, respectively. Any loss on the sale of the land, or impairment losses NSC may be required to record as a result of a decrease in the (i) fair value of the land; or (ii) value of the rights of way arising from the inability to complete the Project could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We have been required to record impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of the goodwill arising from our acquisition of Aerex in February 2016. If Aerex’s future financial performance falls short of our most recent financial projections for this subsidiary, we may be required to record additional impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of this goodwill.

 

In February 2016, we acquired a 51% ownership interest in Aerex. In connection with this acquisition, we recorded initial goodwill of $8,035,211. Aerex’s actual results of operations in the six months following our acquisition of this company fell significantly short of the projected results that were included in the overall cash flow projections we utilized to determine the purchase price for Aerex and the fair values of its assets and liabilities. Due to this shortfall in Aerex’s results of operations, we updated our projections for Aerex’s future cash flows and tested Aerex’s goodwill for possible impairment as of September 30, 2016 by estimating its fair value using the discounted cash flow method. As a result of this impairment testing, we determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value and recorded an impairment loss of $1,750,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2016 to reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $6,285,211. As part of our annual impairment testing of goodwill performed during the fourth quarter of each year, we updated our projections for Aerex’s future cash flows, determined that the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill exceeded its fair value, and recorded an impairment loss of $1,400,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2017 to further reduce the carrying value of this goodwill to $4,885,211. We may be required to record additional impairment losses to reduce the carrying value of our Aerex goodwill in future periods if we determine it likely that Aerex’s results of operations will fall short of our most recent projections of its future cash flows. Such impairment losses could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations.

 

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ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

In July 2018, we issued 745 shares of preferred stock to six employees for cash at a price of $9.72 per share. The issuance of the preferred stock to three of the employees was exempt from registration under Regulation S promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) because the shares were issued outside of the United States to non-US persons (as defined in Regulation S). Three of the employees are US persons and the issuance of such shares to them was exempt under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act. The US persons are knowledgeable, sophisticated and experienced in making investment decisions of this kind and received adequate information about us or had adequate access, including through the employee’s business relationship with us, to information about us.

 

ITEM 6.  EXHIBITS

 

Exhibit    
Number   Exhibit Description
     
31.1   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Executive Officer
     
31.2   Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification of Chief Financial Officer
     
32.1   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Executive Officer
     
32.2   Section 1350 Certification of Chief Financial Officer
     
101.INS   XBRL Instance Document
     
101.SCH   XBRL Taxonomy Schema
     
101.CAL   XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase
     
101.DEF   XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase
     
101.LAB   XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase
     
101.PRE   XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase

 

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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

CONSOLIDATED WATER CO. LTD.  
   
By: /s/ Frederick W. McTaggart  
  Frederick W. McTaggart  
  Chief Executive Officer  
  (Principal Executive Officer)  
     
By: /s/ David W. Sasnett  
  David W. Sasnett  
  Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer  
  (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)  
     
Date: November 8, 2018  

 

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Section 2: EX-31.1 (EXHIBIT 31.1)

 

EXHIBIT 31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

I, Frederick W. McTaggart, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Consolidated Water Co. Ltd.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 8, 2018 By: /s/ Frederick W. McTaggart
    Frederick W. McTaggart
    Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

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Section 3: EX-31.2 (EXHIBIT 31.2)

 

EXHIBIT 31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a) Certification

 

I, David W. Sasnett, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-Q of Consolidated Water Co. Ltd.;

 

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: November 8, 2018 By: /s/ David W. Sasnett
    David W. Sasnett
    Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

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Section 4: EX-32.1 (EXHIBIT 32.1)

 

EXHIBIT 32.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the report of Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Frederick W. McTaggart, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and result of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 8, 2018 By: /s/ Frederick W. McTaggart
    Frederick W. McTaggart
    Chief Executive Officer
    (Principal Executive Officer)

 

 

 

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Section 5: EX-32.2 (EXHIBIT 32.2)

 

EXHIBIT 32.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the report of Consolidated Water Co. Ltd. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, David W. Sasnett, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and result of operations of the Company.

 

Date: November 8, 2018 By: /s/ David W. Sasnett
    David W. Sasnett
    Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

 

 

 

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