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Section 1: 8-K (8-K)

udr_Current_Folio_8-K - Revolver and Term Loan

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


FORM 8-K


 

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): September 27, 2018

 


 

UDR, Inc.

United Dominion Realty, L.P.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Maryland (UDR, Inc.)

 

1-10524

 

54-0857512

Delaware (United Dominion Realty, L.P.)

 

333-156002-01

 

54-1776887

(State or other jurisdiction

 

(Commission

 

(I.R.S. Employer

of incorporation)

 

File Number)

 

Identification No.)

 

 

 

 

 

1745 Shea Center Drive, Suite 200,
Highlands Ranch, Colorado

 

 

 

80129

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

 

 

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (720) 283-6120

 

Not Applicable

Former name or former address, if changed since last report

 


 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

[  ]  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

[  ]  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

[  ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

[  ]  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

UDR, Inc.:          Emerging growth company

 

United Dominion Realty, L.P.:          Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    UDR, Inc.:      United Dominion Realty, L.P.:  


 

Item 1.01.     Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.

 

On September 27, 2018, UDR, Inc. (the “Company”), as borrower, entered into a first amended and restated credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), which provides for a $1.1 billion senior unsecured revolving credit facility (the “Revolving Credit Facility”) and a $350 million senior unsecured term loan (the “Term Loan”). The Credit Agreement includes an accordion feature that allows the total commitments under the Revolving Credit Facility and the total borrowings under the Term Loan to be increased to an aggregate maximum amount of up to $2.0 billion, subject to certain conditions, including obtaining commitments from any one or more lenders. The Revolving Credit Facility has a scheduled maturity date of January 31, 2023, with two six-month extension options, subject to certain conditions. The Term Loan has a scheduled maturity date of September 30, 2023.

 

Wells Fargo Bank, National Association served as Administrative Agent, and Wells Fargo Securities, LLC and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. served as Joint Bookrunners and, together with PNC Capital Markets LLC, U.S. Bank National Association and Regions Capital Markets, a division of Regions Bank, served as Joint Lead Arrangers.  JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. served as Syndication Agent, and PNC Bank, National Association, U.S. Bank National Association, Regions Bank, Citibank, N.A. and Bank of America, N.A. served as Documentation Agents.  Branch Banking and Trust Company, TD Bank, N.A. and Credit Suisse AG, Cayman Islands Branch, served as Senior Managing Agents.  Other lenders under the Credit Agreement include Morgan Stanley Bank, N.A., MUFG Union Bank, N.A., Associated Bank, National Association and The Bank of New York Mellon.

 

The Credit Agreement amends and restates the Company’s credit agreement, dated as of October 20, 2015 (as amended, the “Prior Credit Agreement”).

 

On September 27, 2018, the Company borrowed $350 million under the Term Loan to pay the outstanding balance under the term loan in the Prior Credit Agreement. No prepayment or termination fee was payable in connection with such repayment. The Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Revolving Credit Facility in the Credit Agreement or under the revolving credit facility in the Prior Credit Agreement as of September 27, 2018. 

 

Based on the Company’s current credit rating, the Revolving Credit Facility has an interest rate equal to LIBOR plus a margin of 82.5 basis points and a facility fee of 15 basis points, and the Term Loan has an interest rate equal to LIBOR plus a margin of 90 basis points.  Depending on the Company’s credit rating, the margin under the Revolving Credit Facility ranges from 75 to 145 basis points and the facility fee ranges from 10 to 30 basis points, and the margin under the Term Loan ranges from 80 to 165 basis points.

 

The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and financial and other affirmative and negative covenants. The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, in certain cases subject to customary periods to cure. The occurrence of an event of default, following the applicable cure period, would permit the lenders to, among other things, declare the unpaid principal, accrued and unpaid interest and all other amounts payable under the Credit Agreement to be immediately due and payable.

 

The Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement are guaranteed by United Dominion Realty, L.P., the Company’s operating partnership, pursuant to the Guaranty dated as of September 27, 2018 (the “Guaranty”).

 

Copies of the Credit Agreement and the Guaranty are attached hereto as Exhibits 10.1 and 10.2, respectively, and are incorporated herein by reference. The foregoing summary of the material terms of the Credit Agreement and the Guaranty and the transactions contemplated thereby does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to Exhibits 10.1 and 10.2.

 

Certain of the parties to the Credit Agreement, directly or through affiliates, have pre-existing relationships with the Company and have provided commercial lending, advisory and other services to the Company and its affiliates from time to time, for which such parties have received customary fees and expenses. Certain of the parties to the Credit Agreement, directly or through affiliates, also have provided investment banking services to the Company, including as underwriters or agents in certain of the Company’s public offerings of debt and equity securities, for which such parties received customary fees and expenses. These parties may, from time to time, engage in transactions with, and perform services for, the Company and its affiliates in the ordinary course of their business.

 

 


 

Item 2.03.     Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.

 

The information set forth in Item 1.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K is incorporated into this Item 2.03 by reference.

 

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d)  Exhibits.

 

 

 

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

10.1 

 

Credit Agreement, dated as of September 27, 2018.

10.2 

 

Guaranty of United Dominion Realty, L.P., dated as of September 27, 2018.

 

 

 


 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UDR, Inc.

 

 

 

 

October 1, 2018

 

 

 

 /s/ Warren L. Troupe

 

 

 

 

Name:    Warren L. Troupe

 

 

 

 

Title:       Senior Executive Vice President

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Dominion Realty, L.P.

 

 

By: UDR, Inc., its general partner

 

 

 

 

October 1, 2018

 

 

 

 /s/ Warren L. Troupe

 

 

 

 

Name:    Warren L. Troupe

 

 

 

 

Title:       Senior Executive Vice President

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


(Back To Top)

Section 2: EX-10.1 (EX-10.1)

EX 101 - Credit Agreement 09272018

Exhibit 10.1

 

Execution Version

 

Published CUSIP Number: 90265HAE3

Revolving Credit CUSIP Number: 90265HAF0

Term Loan CUSIP Number: 90265HAK9

 

 

Loan Number: 1005746

 

Picture 3

 

 

FIRST AMENDED AND RESTATED CREDIT AGREEMENT

Dated as of September 27, 2018

by and among

UDR, INC.,

                                                                                                                                            

as Borrower,

 

THE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS PARTY HERETO
AND THEIR ASSIGNEES UNDER SECTION 12.5.,

 

 

                                                                                                                                            

as Lenders,

 

and

WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,

 

 

                                                                                                                                            

as Administrative Agent

 

_____________________________________________________

WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC
and
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,

 

 

                                                                                                                                            

as Joint Bookrunners,

 

WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC,
JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., PNC CAPITAL MARKETS LLC,
U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
and
REGIONS CAPITAL MARKETS, A DIVISION OF REGIONS BANK,

 

 

                                                                                                                                            

as Joint Lead Arrangers,

 

JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A.,

 

 

                                                                                                                                            

as Syndication Agent,

 


 

Execution Version

 

Published CUSIP Number: 90265HAE3

Revolving Credit CUSIP Number: 90265HAF0

Term Loan CUSIP Number: 90265HAK9

 

 

Loan Number: 1005746

 

Picture 1

 

 

PNC BANK, NATIONAL, ASSOCIATION,
U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,
REGIONS BANK,

CITIBANK, N.A.,

and

BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,

 

 

                                                                                                                                             

as Documentation Agents

 

and

 

BRANCH BANKING AND TRUST COMPANY,

TD BANK, N.A.,

and

CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLANDS BRANCH,

 

 

                                                                                                                                             

as Senior Managing Agents

 

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

ARTICLE I.         DEFINITIONS

1

Section 1.1.

Definitions

1

Section 1.2.

General; References to Pacific Time

33

Section 1.3.

Financial Attributes of Non-Wholly Owned Subsidiaries

33

ARTICLE II.         CREDIT FACILITY

33

Section 2.1.

Revolving Loans

33

Section 2.2.

Term Loans

35

Section 2.3.

Bid Rate Loans

35

Section 2.4.

Letters of Credit

39

Section 2.5.

Swingline Loans

45

Section 2.6.

Rates and Payment of Interest on Loans

47

Section 2.7.

Number of Interest Periods

48

Section 2.8.

Repayment of Loans

49

Section 2.9.

Prepayments

49

Section 2.10.

Continuation

50

Section 2.11.

Conversion

50

Section 2.12.

Notes

51

Section 2.13.

Voluntary Reductions of the Revolving Commitments

51

Section 2.14.

Extension of Revolving Termination Date

52

Section 2.15.

Expiration Date of Letters of Credit Past Revolving Commitment Termination

52

Section 2.16.

Amount Limitations

53

Section 2.17.

Increase in Commitments

53

Section 2.18.

Funds Transfer Disbursements

55

Section 2.19.

Reallocations on Effective Date; Exiting Lenders

55

ARTICLE III.         PAYMENTS, FEES AND OTHER GENERAL PROVISIONS

56

Section 3.1.

Payments

56

Section 3.2.

Pro Rata Treatment

57

Section 3.3.

Sharing of Payments, Etc

58

Section 3.4.

Several Obligations

58

Section 3.5.

Fees

59

Section 3.6.

Computations

60

Section 3.7.

Usury

60

Section 3.8.

Statements of Account

60

Section 3.9.

Defaulting Lenders

61

Section 3.10.

Taxes

64

ARTICLE IV.         YIELD PROTECTION, ETC

68

Section 4.1.

Additional Costs; Capital Adequacy

68

Section 4.2.

Suspension of LIBOR Loans and LIBOR Margin Loans

70

Section 4.3.

Illegality

71

Section 4.4.

Compensation

71

Section 4.5.

Treatment of Affected Loans

72

Section 4.6.

Affected Lenders

74

Section 4.7.

Change of Lending Office

74

 

-i-


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

Section 4.8.

Assumptions Concerning Funding of LIBOR Loans

74

ARTICLE V.         CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

75

Section 5.1.

Initial Conditions Precedent

75

Section 5.2.

Conditions Precedent to All Loans and Letters of Credit

77

ARTICLE VI.         REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

78

Section 6.1.

Representations and Warranties

78

Section 6.2.

Survival of Representations and Warranties, Etc

85

ARTICLE VII.         AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS

85

Section 7.1.

Preservation of Existence and Similar Matters

85

Section 7.2.

Compliance with Applicable Law

85

Section 7.3.

Maintenance of Property

86

Section 7.4.

Conduct of Business

86

Section 7.5.

Insurance

86

Section 7.6.

Payment of Taxes and Claims

86

Section 7.7.

Books and Records; Inspections

86

Section 7.8.

Use of Proceeds

87

Section 7.9.

Environmental Matters

87

Section 7.10.

Further Assurances

87

Section 7.11.

Material Contracts

88

Section 7.12.

REIT Status

88

Section 7.13.

Guarantors

88

Section 7.14.

Exchange Listing

89

ARTICLE VIII.         INFORMATION

89

Section 8.1.

Quarterly Financial Statements

89

Section 8.2.

Year-End Statements

89

Section 8.3.

Compliance Certificate

90

Section 8.4.

Other Information

90

Section 8.5.

Electronic Delivery of Certain Information

92

Section 8.6.

Public/Private Information

93

Section 8.7.

USA Patriot Act Notice; Compliance

93

ARTICLE IX.         NEGATIVE COVENANTS

93

Section 9.1.

Financial Covenants

93

Section 9.2.

Negative Pledge

94

Section 9.3.

Restrictions on Intercompany Transfers

95

Section 9.4.

Merger, Consolidation, Sales of Assets and Other Arrangements

95

Section 9.5.

Plans

96

Section 9.6.

Fiscal Year

96

Section 9.7.

Modifications of Organizational Documents and Material Contracts

96

Section 9.8.

Transactions with Affiliates

97

Section 9.9.

Environmental Matters

97

Section 9.10.

Use of Proceeds

97

Section 9.11.

Derivatives Contracts

97

 

-ii-


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Page

 

 

ARTICLE X.         DEFAULT

98

Section 10.1.

Events of Default

98

Section 10.2.

Remedies Upon Event of Default

100

Section 10.3.

Remedies Upon Default

101

Section 10.4.

Marshaling; Payments Set Aside

101

Section 10.5.

Allocation of Proceeds

102

Section 10.6.

Letter of Credit Collateral Account

103

Section 10.7.

Rescission of Acceleration by Requisite Lenders

104

Section 10.8.

Performance by Administrative Agent

104

Section 10.9.

Rights Cumulative

105

ARTICLE XI.         THE ADMINISTRATIVE AGENT

105

Section 11.1.

Appointment and Authorization

105

Section 11.2.

Administrative Agent as Lender

106

Section 11.3.

Approvals of Lenders

107

Section 11.4.

Notice of Events of Default

107

Section 11.5.

Administrative Agent’s Reliance

108

Section 11.6.

Indemnification of Administrative Agent

108

Section 11.7.

Lender Credit Decision, Etc

109

Section 11.8.

Successor Administrative Agent

110

Section 11.9.

Titled Agents

111

ARTICLE XII.         MISCELLANEOUS

111

Section 12.1.

Notices

111

Section 12.2.

Expenses

113

Section 12.3.

Setoff

114

Section 12.4.

Litigation; Jurisdiction; Other Matters; Waivers

114

Section 12.5.

Successors and Assigns

116

Section 12.6.

Amendments and Waivers

121

Section 12.7.

Nonliability of Administrative Agent and Lenders

124

Section 12.8.

Confidentiality

125

Section 12.9.

Indemnification

126

Section 12.10.

Termination; Survival

127

Section 12.11.

Severability of Provisions

127

Section 12.12.

GOVERNING LAW

127

Section 12.13.

Counterparts

127

Section 12.14.

Obligations with Respect to Loan Parties and Subsidiaries

128

Section 12.15.

Independence of Covenants

128

Section 12.16.

Limitation of Liability

128

Section 12.17.

Entire Agreement

128

Section 12.18.

Construction

128

Section 12.19.

Headings

129

Section 12.20.

Acknowledgement and Consent to Bail-In of EEA Financial Institutions

129

Section 12.21.

Amendment and Restatement; No Novation

129

 

 

-iii-


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

(continued)

 

 

 

SCHEDULE I

Commitments

SCHEDULE 1.1.(a)

Existing Letters of Credit

SCHEDULE 6.1.(b)

Ownership Structure

SCHEDULE 6.1.(f)

Properties

SCHEDULE 6.1.(g)

Existing Debt

SCHEDULE 6.1.(i)

Litigation

SCHEDULE 6.1.(r)

Affiliate Transactions

SCHEDULE 6.1.(z)

Unencumbered Pool Assets

SCHEDULE 12.1.

Address for Notice to Issuing Banks and Swingline Lenders

 

 

EXHIBIT A

Form of Assignment and Assumption Agreement

EXHIBIT B

Form of Bid Rate Note

EXHIBIT C

Form of Designation Agreement

EXHIBIT D

Form of Disbursement Instruction Agreement

EXHIBIT E

Form of Guaranty

EXHIBIT F

Form of Notice of Continuation

EXHIBIT G

Form of Notice of Conversion

EXHIBIT H

Form of Notice of Revolving Borrowing

EXHIBIT I

Form of Notice of Swingline Borrowing

EXHIBIT J

Form of Notice of Term Loan Borrowing

EXHIBIT K

Form of Revolving Note

EXHIBIT L

Form of Swingline Note

EXHIBIT M

Form of Term Note

EXHIBIT N

Form of Bid Rate Quote Request

EXHIBIT O

Form of Bid Rate Quote

EXHIBIT P

Form of Bid Rate Quote Acceptance

EXHIBITS Q-1 – Q-4

Forms of U.S. Tax Compliance Certificates

EXHIBIT R

Form of Compliance Certificate

 

 

-iv-


 

 

THIS FIRST AMENDED AND RESTATED CREDIT AGREEMENT (this “Agreement”) dated as of September 27, 2018 by and among UDR, INC., a corporation formed under the laws of the State of Maryland (the “Borrower”), each of the financial institutions initially a signatory hereto together with their successors and assignees under Section 12.5. (the “Lenders”), and WELLS FARGO BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, as Administrative Agent (the “Administrative Agent”), with WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC and JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., as joint Bookrunners (in such capacities, the “Joint Lead Bookrunners”), WELLS FARGO SECURITIES, LLC, JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., PNC CAPITAL MARKETS LLC, U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION and REGIONS CAPITAL MARKETS, A DIVISION OF REGIONS BANK, as joint Lead Arrangers (in such capacities, the “Joint Lead Arrangers”), JPMORGAN CHASE BANK, N.A., as Syndication Agent (in such capacity, the “Syndication Agent”), PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, U.S. BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, REGIONS BANK, CITIBANK, N.A., and BANK OF AMERICA, N.A., as Documentation Agents (in such capacities, the “Documentation Agents”) and BRANCH BANKING AND TRUST COMPANY, TD BANK, N.A., and CREDIT SUISSE AG, CAYMAN ISLAND BRANCH, as Senior Managing Agents (in such capacities, the “Senior Managing Agents”).

WHEREAS, the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks, the Swingline Lenders and the Lenders previously made available to the Borrower credit facilities in an initial aggregate amount of $1,450,000,000, consisting of (a) a $1,100,000,000 revolving credit facility, with a $50,000,000 swingline subfacility, a $75,000,000 letter of credit subfacility and a competitive bid loan subfacility, and (b) a $350,000,000 term loan facility (collectively, the “Existing Facilities”), in each such case, pursuant to a Credit Agreement, dated as of October 20, 2015, by and among the Borrower, the financial institutions party thereto as “Lenders,” Wells Fargo, as Administrative Agent, and the other parties thereto, as amended by the First Amendment to Credit Agreement, dated January 20, 2017 (together, as heretofore amended, modified or supplemented from time to time, the “Existing Agreements”).

WHEREAS, the parties hereto desire to amend and restate the Existing Agreements to provide, among other things, that Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks, the Swingline Lenders and the Lenders will make available to the Borrower credit facilities in an initial aggregate amount of $1,450,000,000, consisting of (a) a $1,100,000,000 revolving credit facility, with a $125,000,000 swingline subfacility, a $75,000,000 letter of credit subfacility and a competitive bid loan subfacility, and (b) a $350,000,000 term loan facility, on the terms and conditions contained herein.

NOW, THEREFORE, for good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged by the parties hereto, the parties hereto agree that the Existing Agreements are amended and restated as follows:

ARTICLE I. DEFINITIONS

Section 1.1.       Definitions.

In addition to terms defined elsewhere herein, the following terms shall have the following meanings for the purposes of this Agreement:

 


 

 

 

Absolute Rate” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.3.(c)(ii)(C).

Absolute Rate Auction” means a solicitation of Bid Rate Quotes setting forth Absolute Rates pursuant to Section 2.3.

Absolute Rate Loan” means a Bid Rate Loan, the interest rate on which is determined on the basis of an Absolute Rate pursuant to an Absolute Rate Auction.

Accession Agreement” means an Accession Agreement substantially in the form of Annex I to the Guaranty.

Additional Costs” has the meaning given that term in Section 4.1.(b).

Administrative Agent” means Wells Fargo Bank, National Association as contractual representative of the Lenders under this Agreement, or any successor Administrative Agent appointed pursuant to Section 11.8.

Administrative Questionnaire” means the Administrative Questionnaire completed by each Lender and delivered to the Administrative Agent in a form supplied by the Administrative Agent to the Lenders from time to time.

Affected Lender” has the meaning given that term in Section 4.6.

Affiliate” means, with respect to a specified Person, another Person that directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls or is Controlled by or is under common Control with the Person specified.

Agreement” has the meaning set forth in the introductory paragraph hereof.

Agreement Date” means the date as of which this Agreement is dated.

Anti-Corruption Laws” means all Applicable Laws of any jurisdiction concerning or relating to bribery, corruption or money laundering, including without limitation, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended.

Anti-Money Laundering Laws” means any and all Applicable Laws related to the financing of terrorism or money laundering, including without limitation, any applicable provision of the Patriot Act and The Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act (also known as the “Bank Secrecy Act,” 31 U.S.C. §§ 5311-5330 and 12U.S.C. §§ 1818(s), 1820(b) and 1951-1959).

Applicable Facility Fee” means the percentage set forth in the table below corresponding to the Level at which the “Applicable Margin” is determined in accordance with the definition thereof:

 

Level

Facility Fee

1

0.100%

2

0.125%

3

0.150%

4

0.200%

5

0.250%

6

0.300%

-2-


 

 

Any change in the applicable Level at which the Applicable Margin is determined shall result in a corresponding and simultaneous change in the Applicable Facility Fee and shall be subject to the last two paragraphs of the definition of “Applicable Margin”.  The provisions of this definition shall be subject to Section 2.6.(c).

Applicable Law” means all international, foreign, federal, state and local statutes, treaties, rules, guidelines, regulations, ordinances, codes, executive orders, and administrative or judicial precedents or authorities, including the interpretation or administration thereof by any Governmental Authority charged with the enforcement, interpretation or administration thereof, and all applicable administrative orders, directed duties, requests, licenses, authorizations and permits of, and agreements with, any Governmental Authority, in each case whether or not having the force of law.

Applicable Margin” means the percentage rate set forth in the applicable table below corresponding to the level (each a “Level”) into which the Borrower’s Credit Rating then falls:

Applicable Margin for Revolving Loans

 

 

 

 

 

Level

Credit Rating

Applicable Margin for LIBOR Loans

Applicable Margin for Base Rate Loans

1

A/A2 (or higher)

0.750%

0.000%

2

A-/A3

0.775%

0.000%

3

BBB+/Baa1

0.825%

0.000%

4

BBB/Baa2

0.900%

0.000%

5

BBB-/Baa3

1.100%

0.100%

6

BB+/Ba1
(or lower or unrated)

1.450%

0.450%

 

 

Applicable Margin for Term Loans

 

 

 

 

 

Level

Credit Rating

Applicable Margin for LIBOR Loans

Applicable Margin for Base Rate Loans

1

A/A2 (or higher)

0.800%

0.000%

2

A-/A3

0.850%

0.000%

3

BBB+/Baa1

0.900%

0.000%

4

BBB/Baa2

1.000%

0.000%

5

BBB-/Baa3

1.250%

0.250%

6

BB+/Ba1
(or lower or unrated)

1.650%

0.650%

 

-3-


 

 

As of the Agreement Date, the Applicable Margin is determined based on Level 3.  Any change in the Borrower’s Credit Rating which would cause it to move to a different Level shall be effective as of the first day of the first calendar month immediately following receipt by the Administrative Agent of written notice delivered by the Borrower in accordance with Section 8.4.(k) that the Borrower’s Credit Rating has changed; provided, however, if the Borrower has not delivered the notice required by such Section but the Administrative Agent becomes aware that the Borrower’s Credit Rating has changed, then the Administrative Agent may, in its sole discretion, adjust the Level effective as of the first day of the first calendar month following the date the Administrative Agent becomes aware that the Borrower’s Credit Rating has changed.  During any period for which the Borrower has received three Credit Ratings which are not equivalent, the Applicable Margin will be determined by (a) the highest Credit Rating if they differ by only one Level and (b) the average of the two highest Credit Ratings if they differ by two or more Levels (unless the average is not a recognized Level, in which case the Applicable Margin will be based on the Level corresponding to the second highest Credit Rating).  During any period for which the Borrower has received only two Credit Ratings and such Credit Ratings are not equivalent, the Applicable Margin will be determined by (i) the highest Credit Rating if they differ by only one Level and (ii) the median of the two Credit Ratings if they differ by two or more Levels (unless the median is not a recognized Level, in which case the Applicable Margin will be based on the Credit Rating one Level below the Level corresponding to the higher Credit Rating).  During any period for which the Borrower has received a Credit Rating from only one Rating Agency, the Applicable Margin shall be determined based on such Credit Rating so long as such Credit Rating is from either S&P or Moody’s.  During any period that the Borrower has (x) not received a Credit Rating from any Rating Agency or (x) received a Credit Rating from only one Rating Agency that is neither S&P or Moody’s, the Applicable Margin shall be determined based on Level 6.  The provisions of this definition shall be subject to Section 2.6.(c).

In the event of a downgrade of the Borrower’s Credit Rating by a Rating Agency that causes a change to the Level as provided above, the Borrower will receive credit for any incremental borrowing cost and fees should such Rating Agency restore the higher rating within ninety (90) days of the original Credit Ratings downgrade which resulted in such pricing change.

To the extent an upgrade in the applicable Credit Rating of the Borrower by a Rating Agency results in a decrease to the Applicable Margin and such upgrade is reversed by such Rating Agency, within ninety (90) days of the upgrade by such Rating Agency, the Applicable Margin shall be adjusted accordingly and the Borrower shall be required to pay an amount to the applicable Lenders equal to the difference between the Applicable Margin based on the restored lower Credit Rating and the Applicable Margin in effect based on the higher Credit Rating prior to its reversal during the period of such Credit Ratings upgrade.

Approved Fund” means any Fund that is administered or managed by (a) a Lender, (b) an Affiliate of a Lender, or (c) an entity or an Affiliate of any entity that administers or manages a Lender.

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Assignment and Assumption” means an Assignment and Assumption Agreement entered into by a Lender and an Eligible Assignee (with the consent of any party whose consent is required by Section 12.5.), and accepted by the Administrative Agent, in substantially the form of Exhibit A or any other form approved by the Administrative Agent.

Bail-In Action” means the exercise of any Write-Down and Conversion Powers by the applicable EEA Resolution Authority in respect of any liability of an EEA Financial Institution.

Bail-In Legislation” means with respect to any EEA Member Country implementing Article 55 of Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of the European Union, the implementing law for such EEA Member Country from time to time which is described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

Bankruptcy Code” means the Bankruptcy Code of 1978, as amended.

Base Rate” means, at any time, the highest of (a) the Prime Rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50% and (c) the LIBOR Market Index Rate plus 1.0%.  Each change in the Base Rate shall take effect simultaneously with the corresponding change or changes in the Prime Rate, the Federal Funds Rate or the LIBOR Market Index Rate (provided that clause (c) shall not be applicable during any period in which LIBOR is unavailable or unascertainable).

Base Rate Loan” means a Revolving Loan or Term Loan (or any portion thereof) bearing interest at a rate based on the Base Rate.

Beneficial Ownership Certification” means a certification regarding beneficial ownership as required by the Beneficial Ownership Regulation.

Beneficial Ownership Regulation” means 31 C.F.R. § 1010.230.

Benefit Arrangement” means at any time an employee benefit plan within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA which is not a Plan or a Multiemployer Plan and which is maintained or otherwise contributed to by any member of the ERISA Group.

Bid Rate Borrowing” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.3.(b).

Bid Rate Loan” means a loan made by a Lender under Section 2.3.(f).

Bid Rate Note” means a promissory note of the Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit B, payable to the order of a Lender as originally in effect and otherwise duly completed.

Bid Rate Quote” means an offer in accordance with Section 2.3.(c) by a Lender to make a Bid Rate Loan with one single specified interest rate.

Bid Rate Quote Request” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.3.(b).

Borrower” has the meaning set forth in the introductory paragraph hereof and shall include the Borrower’s successors and permitted assigns.

Borrower Information” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.6.(c).

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Business Day” means (a) for all purposes other than as set forth in clause (b) below, any day (other than a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday) on which banks in San Francisco, California and New York, New York, are open for the conduct of their commercial banking business, and (b) with respect to all notices and determinations in connection with, and payments of principal and interest on, any LIBOR Loan, or any Base Rate Loan as to which the interest rate is determined by reference to LIBOR, any day that is a Business Day described in clause (a) and that is also a day for trading by and between banks in Dollar deposits in the London interbank market.  Unless specifically referenced in this Agreement as a Business Day, all references to “days” shall be to calendar days.

Capitalized Lease Obligations” means obligations under a lease (or other arrangement conveying the right to use property) to pay rent or other amounts that are required to be capitalized for financial reporting purposes in accordance with GAAP.  The amount of a Capitalized Lease Obligation is the capitalized amount of such obligation as would be required to be reflected on a balance sheet of the applicable Person prepared in accordance with GAAP as of the applicable date.

Cash Collateralize” means to pledge and deposit with or deliver to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the applicable Issuing Bank or the Revolving Lenders, as collateral for Letter of Credit Liabilities or obligations of Revolving Lenders to fund participations in respect of Letter of Credit Liabilities, cash or deposit account balances or, if the Administrative Agent and the applicable Issuing Bank shall agree in their sole discretion, other credit support, in each case pursuant to documentation in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the applicable Issuing Bank. “Cash Collateral” shall have a meaning correlative to the foregoing and shall include the proceeds of such cash collateral and other credit support.

Cash Equivalents” means (a) securities issued, guaranteed or insured by the United States of America or any of its agencies with maturities of not more than one year from the date acquired; (a) certificates of deposit with maturities of not more than one year from the date acquired issued by a United States federal or state chartered commercial bank of recognized standing, or a commercial bank organized under the laws of any other country which is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, or a political subdivision of any such country, acting through a branch or agency, which bank has capital and unimpaired surplus in excess of $500,000,000 and which bank or its holding company has a short-term commercial paper rating of at least A-2 or the equivalent by S&P or at least P-2 or the equivalent by Moody’s; (c) reverse repurchase agreements with terms of not more than seven days from the date acquired, for securities of the type described in clause (a) above and entered into only with commercial banks having the qualifications described in clause (b) above; (d) commercial paper issued by any Person incorporated under the laws of the United States of America or any State thereof and rated at least A-2 or the equivalent thereof by S&P or at least P-2 or the equivalent thereof by Moody’s, in each case with maturities of not more than one year from the date acquired; and (e) investments in money market funds registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, which have net assets of at least $500,000,000 and at least 85% of whose assets consist of securities and other obligations of the type described in clauses (a) through (d) above.

Change of Control” means the occurrence of either of the following events.

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(a)         Any “person” or “group” (as such terms are used in Sections 13(d) and 14(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)), is or becomes the “beneficial owner” (as defined in Rules 13d-3 and 13d-5 under the Exchange Act, except that a Person will be deemed to have “beneficial ownership” of all securities that such Person has the right to acquire, whether such right is exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time), directly or indirectly, of more than 35.0% of the total voting power of the then outstanding voting stock of the Borrower; or

(b)         During any period of 12 consecutive months ending after the Agreement Date, individuals who at the beginning of any such 12 month period constituted the Board of Directors of the Borrower (together with any new directors whose election by such Board or whose nomination for election by the shareholders of the Borrower was approved by a vote of a majority of the directors then still in office who were either directors at the beginning of such period or whose election or nomination for election was previously so approved) cease for any reason to constitute a majority of the Board of Directors of the Borrower then in office.

Class” (a) when used with respect to a Commitment, refers to whether such Commitment is a Revolving Commitment or Term Loan Commitment, (b) when used with respect to a Loan, refers to whether such Loan is a Revolving Loan or a Term Loan and (c) when used with respect to a Lender, refers to whether such Lender has a Loan or Commitment with respect to a particular Class of Loans or Commitments.

Commitment” means, as to a Lender, such Lender’s Revolving Commitment or such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment, as the context may require.

Compliance Certificate” has the meaning given that term in Section 8.3.

Connection Income Taxes” means Other Connection Taxes that are imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated) or that are franchise Taxes or branch profits Taxes.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA” means, for any period for the Consolidated Group, the sum of Consolidated EBITDA for such period minus a reserve equal to $200 per apartment unit per year.  Except as expressly provided otherwise, the applicable period shall be for the prior two fiscal quarters ending as of the date of determination.

Consolidated EBITDA” means for any period for the Consolidated Group, the sum of Consolidated Net Income excluding the following amounts (but only to the extent included in determining Consolidated Net Income for such period) (a) Consolidated Interest Expense; (b) all provisions for any Federal, state or other income taxes; (c) depreciation, amortization and other non-cash charges, (d)gains and losses on Investments and extraordinary gains and losses, (e) taxes on such excluded gains and tax deductions or credits on account of such excluded losses in each case on a consolidated basis determined in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis and (f) to the extent not already included in the immediately preceding clauses (b) through (e) the Borrower’s Ownership Share of such items of each Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower for such period.  Except as expressly provided otherwise, the applicable period shall be for the prior two fiscal quarters ending as of the date of determination.

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Consolidated Funded Debt” means total Debt of the Consolidated Group on a consolidated basis plus the Borrower’s Ownership Share of the Debt of any Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower.  Indemnities provided to support a Person’s recourse obligation, whether on a consolidated or unconsolidated Investment shall be included in the definition of Consolidated Funded Debt.

Consolidated Group” means the Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries, as determined in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis.

Consolidated Interest Expense” means for any period for the Consolidated Group, all interest expense, including the amortization of debt discount and premium, and the interest component under capital leases, in each case on a consolidated basis and shall include the Borrower’s Ownership Share of such interest expense of each Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower for such period.

Consolidated Net Income” means for any period, the net income of the Consolidated Group on a consolidated basis determined in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis.

Consolidated Net Operating Income” means, for any period for any Multifamily Property owned at the end of the period by a member of the Consolidated Group or an Unconsolidated Affiliate, an amount equal to (a) the aggregate rental and other income from the operation of such Multifamily Property during such period minus (b)(i) all expenses and other proper charges incurred in connection with the operation of such Multifamily Property (including, without limitation, real estate taxes and bad debt expenses) during such period and (ii) an imputed management fee in the amount of 3.0% of the aggregate rents received for such Multifamily Property during such period; but, in any case, before payment of or provision for debt service charges for such period, income taxes for such period, and depreciation, amortization and other non-cash expenses for such period, all on a consolidated basis determined in accordance with GAAP.  For purposes of determining Consolidated Net Operating Income, only the Borrower’s Ownership Share of the Consolidated Net Operating Income of any such Property owned by an Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower shall be used.

Consolidated Secured Debt” means for the Consolidated Group on a consolidated basis, all secured Consolidated Funded Debt.  Consolidated Funded Debt secured solely by a pledge of Equity Interests which is also recourse to the Borrower or a Guarantor shall not be considered to be Consolidated Secured Debt.

Consolidated Total Fixed Charges” means, as of the last day of each fiscal quarter for the Consolidated Group, the sum of (a) the cash portion of Consolidated Interest Expense paid in the prior two fiscal quarters ending on such day plus (b) regularly scheduled principal payments on Consolidated Funded Debt (excluding balloon payments) in the prior two fiscal quarters ending on such day plus (c) all cash dividends and distributions on preferred stock or other preferred beneficial interests of members of the Consolidated Group paid in the prior two fiscal quarters ending on such day, all on a consolidated basis determined in accordance with GAAP on a consistent basis.

Consolidated Unsecured Debt” means, for the Consolidated Group on a consolidated basis, all unsecured Consolidated Funded Debt.  Consolidated Secured Debt that is secured solely

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by Equity Interests and is recourse to the Borrower shall be considered to be Consolidated Unsecured Debt.

Continue”, “Continuation” and “Continued” each refers to the continuation of a LIBOR Loan from one Interest Period to another Interest Period pursuant to Section 2.10.

Control” means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a Person, whether through the ability to exercise voting power, by contract or otherwise.  “Controlling” and “Controlled” have meanings correlative thereto.

Convert”, “Conversion” and “Converted” each refers to the conversion of a Loan of one Type into a Loan of another Type pursuant to Section 2.11.

Credit Event” means any of the following: (a) the making (or deemed making) of any Loan, (b) the Conversion of a Base Rate Loan into a LIBOR Loan, (c) the Continuation of a LIBOR Loan and (d) the issuance of a Letter of Credit or the amendment of a Letter of Credit that extends the maturity, or increases the Stated Amount, of such Letter of Credit.

Credit Rating” means the rating assigned by a Rating Agency to the senior unsecured long term Debt of a Person.

Debt” means, with respect to a Person, at the time of computation thereof, all of the following (without duplication): (a) all obligations of such Person in respect of money borrowed or the deferred purchase price of property or services (other than trade debt incurred in the ordinary course of business); (b) all obligations of such Person (other than trade debt incurred in the ordinary course of business), whether or not for money borrowed (i) represented by notes payable, or drafts accepted, in each case representing extensions of credit, (ii) evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or similar instruments, or (iii) constituting purchase money indebtedness, conditional sales contracts, title retention debt instruments or other similar instruments, upon which interest charges are customarily paid or that are issued or assumed as full or partial payment for property or services rendered; (c) Capitalized Lease Obligations of such Person (excluding ground leases regardless of whether required under GAAP to be reported as a liability); (d) all reimbursement obligations of such Person under or in respect of any letters of credit or acceptances (whether or not the same have been presented for payment); (e) all Off-Balance Sheet Obligations of such Person; (f) all obligations of such Person to purchase, redeem, retire, defease or otherwise make any payment in respect of any Mandatorily Redeemable Stock issued by such Person or any other Person, valued at the greater of its voluntary or involuntary liquidation preference plus accrued and unpaid dividends; (g) all obligations of such Person in respect of any purchase obligation, repurchase obligation, takeout commitment or forward equity commitment, in each case evidenced by a binding agreement (excluding any such obligation to the extent the obligation can be satisfied by the issuance of Equity Interests (other than Mandatorily Redeemable Stock)); (h) net obligations under any Derivatives Contract not entered into as a hedge against (i) existing Debt or (ii) Debt anticipated to be issued if such Debt is actually issued within forty-five (45) days after execution of the applicable Derivative Contract, in an amount equal to the Derivatives Termination Value thereof (but in no event less than zero); (i) all Debt of other Persons which such Person has Guaranteed or is otherwise recourse to such Person (except for guaranties of customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, voluntary bankruptcy, collusive

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involuntary bankruptcy, and other similar exceptions to non-recourse liability and completion guaranties); and (j) all Debt of another Person secured by (or for which the holder of such Debt has an existing right, contingent or otherwise, to be secured by) any Lien on property or assets owned by such Person, even though such Person has not assumed or become liable for the payment of such Debt or other payment obligation, but only if the underlying property or asset is included in Gross Asset Value.  By way of example only and not in limitation of the preceding sentence, Debt of any Person shall include Debt of any partnership or joint venture in which such Person is a general partner or joint venturer to the extent of such Person’s pro rata share of the ownership of such partnership or joint venture (except if such Debt, or any portion thereof, is recourse to such Person, in which case the greater of such Person’s pro rata portion of such Debt or the amount of the recourse portion of the Debt, shall be included as Debt of such Person).  All Loans and liabilities in respect of Letters of Credit shall constitute Debt of the Borrower.  Notwithstanding the use of GAAP, the calculation of Debt shall not include any fair value adjustments to the carrying value of liabilities to record such liabilities at fair value pursuant to electing the fair value option election under FASB ASC 825-10-25 (formerly known as FAS 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities) or other FASB standards allowing entities to elect fair value option for financial liabilities.

Debtor Relief Laws” means the Bankruptcy Code, and all other liquidation, conservatorship, bankruptcy, assignment for the benefit of creditors, moratorium, rearrangement, receivership, insolvency, reorganization, or similar Applicable Laws relating to the relief of debtors in the United States of America or other applicable jurisdictions from time to time in effect.

Default” means any of the events specified in Section 10.1., whether or not there has been satisfied any requirement for the giving of notice, the lapse of time, or both.

Defaulting Lender” means, subject to Section 3.9.(f), any Lender that (a) has failed to (i) fund all or any portion of its Loans within 2 Business Days of the date such Loans were required to be funded hereunder unless such Lender notifies the Administrative Agent and the Borrower in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s reasonable determination that one or more conditions precedent to funding (each of which conditions precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing) has not been satisfied, or (ii) pay to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank, any Swingline Lender or any other Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder (including, with respect to a Revolving Lender, in respect of its participation in Letters of Credit or Swingline Loans) within 2 Business Days of the date when due, (b) has notified the Borrower, the Administrative Agent, an Issuing Bank or a Swingline Lender in writing that it does not intend to comply with its funding obligations hereunder, or has made a public statement to that effect (unless such writing or public statement relates to such Lender’s obligation to fund a Loan hereunder and states that such position is based on such Lender’s reasonable determination that a condition precedent to funding (which condition precedent, together with any applicable default, shall be specifically identified in such writing or public statement) cannot be satisfied), (c) in the case of a Revolving Lender, has failed, within 3 Business Days after written request by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower, to confirm in writing to the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that it will comply with its prospective funding obligations hereunder (provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon receipt of such written confirmation by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower), or (d) has, or has a direct or indirect parent company that has, (i) become the

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subject of a proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law, (ii) had appointed for it a receiver, custodian, conservator, trustee, administrator, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with reorganization or liquidation of its business or assets, including the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other state or federal regulatory authority acting in such a capacity or (iii) become the subject of a Bail-In Action provided that a Lender shall not be a Defaulting Lender solely by virtue of the ownership or acquisition of any equity interest in that Lender or any direct or indirect parent company thereof by a Governmental Authority so long as such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Lender with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States of America or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Lender (or such Governmental Authority) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made with such Lender.  Any determination by the Administrative Agent that a Lender is a Defaulting Lender under any one or more of clauses (a) through (d) above shall be conclusive and binding absent manifest error, and such Lender shall be deemed to be a Defaulting Lender (subject to Section 3.9.(f)) upon delivery of written notice of such determination to the Borrower, the Issuing Banks, the Swingline Lenders and each Lender.

Derivatives Contract” means a “swap agreement” as defined in Section 101 of the Bankruptcy Code.

Derivatives Termination Value” means, in respect of any one or more Derivatives Contracts, after taking into account the effect of any legally enforceable netting agreement or provision relating thereto, (a) for any date on or after the date such Derivatives Contracts have been terminated or closed out, the termination amount or value determined in accordance therewith, and (b) for any date prior to the date such Derivatives Contracts have been terminated or closed out, the then-current mark-to-market value for such Derivatives Contracts, determined based upon one or more mid-market quotations or estimates provided by any recognized dealer in Derivatives Contracts (which may include the Administrative Agent, any Lender, any Specified Derivatives Provider or any Affiliate of any of them).

Designated Lender” means a special purpose corporation which is an Affiliate of, or sponsored by, a Revolving Lender, that is engaged in making, purchasing or otherwise investing in commercial loans in the ordinary course of its business and that issues (or the parent of which issues) commercial paper rated at least P-1 (or the then equivalent grade) by Moody’s or A-1 (or the then equivalent grade) by S&P that, in either case, (a) is organized under the laws of the United States of America or any state thereof, (b) shall have become a party to this Agreement pursuant to Section 12.5.(g) and (c) is not otherwise a Lender.

Designating Lender” has the meaning given that term in Section 12.5.(g).

Designation Agreement” means a Designation Agreement between a Revolving Lender and a Designated Lender and accepted by the Administrative Agent, substantially in the form of Exhibit C or such other form as may be agreed to by such Lender, such Designated Lender and the Administrative Agent.

Development Properties” means multifamily projects under construction, or in preconstruction phases of the development process, but not yet completed.  A Renovation Property shall not constitute a Development Property.

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Disbursement Instruction Agreement” means an agreement substantially in the form of Exhibit D to be executed and delivered by the Borrower pursuant to Section 5.1.(a), as the same may be amended, restated or modified from time to time with the prior written approval of the Administrative Agent.

Dollars” or “$” means the lawful currency of the United States of America.

DownREIT” means UDR Lighthouse DownREIT L.P., a Delaware limited partnership.

EEA Financial Institution” means (a) any credit institution or investment firm established in any EEA Member Country which is subject to the supervision of an EEA Resolution Authority, (b) any entity established in an EEA Member Country which is a parent of an institution described in clause (a) of this definition, or (c) any financial institution established in an EEA Member Country which is a subsidiary of an institution described in clauses (a) or (b) of this definition and is subject to consolidated supervision with its parent.

EEA Member Country” means any of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway.

EEA Resolution Authority” means any public administrative authority or any person entrusted with public administrative authority of any EEA Member Country (including any delegee) having responsibility for the resolution of any EEA Financial Institution.

Effective Date” means the later of (a) the Agreement Date and (b) the date on which all of the conditions precedent set forth in Section 5.1. shall have been fulfilled or waived by all of the Lenders.

Eligible Assignee” means any Person that meets the requirements to be an assignee under Section 12.5.(b)(iii), (v) and (vi) (subject to such consents, if any, as may be required under Section 12.5.(b)(iii)).

Environmental Claims” means any and all administrative, regulatory or judicial actions, suits, demands, demand letters, claims, liens, accusations, allegations, notices of noncompliance or violation, investigations (other than internal reports prepared by any Person in the ordinary course of business and not in response to any third party action or request of any kind) or proceedings relating in any way to any actual or alleged violation of or liability under any Environmental Law or relating to any permit issued, or any approval given, under any such Environmental Law, including, without limitation, any and all claims by Governmental Authorities for enforcement, cleanup, removal, response, remedial or other actions or damages, contribution, indemnification cost recovery, compensation or injunctive relief resulting from Hazardous Materials or arising from alleged injury or threat of injury to human health or the environment.

Environmental Laws” means any Applicable Law relating to environmental protection or the manufacture, storage, remediation, disposal or clean-up of Hazardous Materials including, without limitation, the following: Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. § 7401 et seq.; Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.; Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. § 6901 et seq.; Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. § 9601 et seq.; National Environmental

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Policy Act, 42 U.S.C. § 4321 et seq.; regulations of the Environmental Protection Agency, any applicable rule of common law and any judicial interpretation thereof relating primarily to the environment or Hazardous Materials, and any analogous or comparable state or local laws, regulations or ordinances that concern Hazardous Materials or protection of the environment.

Equity Interest” means, with respect to any Person, any share of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, any warrant, option or other right for the purchase or other acquisition from such Person of any share of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person, whether or not certificated, any security convertible into or exchangeable for any share of capital stock of (or other ownership or profit interests in) such Person or warrant, right or option for the purchase or other acquisition from such Person of such shares (or such other interests), and any other ownership or profit interest in such Person (including, without limitation, partnership, member or trust interests therein), whether voting or nonvoting, and whether or not such share, warrant, option, right or other interest is authorized or otherwise existing on any date of determination.

ERISA” means the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as in effect from time to time.

ERISA Event” means, with respect to the ERISA Group, (a) any “reportable event” as defined in Section 4043 of ERISA with respect to a Plan (other than an event for which the 30-day notice period is waived); (b) the withdrawal of a member of the ERISA Group from a Plan subject to Section 4063 of ERISA during a plan year in which it was a “substantial employer” as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) the incurrence by a member of the ERISA Group of any liability with respect to the withdrawal or partial withdrawal from any Multiemployer Plan; (d) the incurrence by any member of the ERISA Group of any liability under Title IV of ERISA with respect to the termination of any Plan or Multiemployer Plan; (e) the institution of proceedings to terminate a Plan or Multiemployer Plan by the PBGC; (f) the failure by any member of the ERISA Group to make when due required contributions to a Multiemployer Plan or Plan unless such failure is cured within 30 days or the filing pursuant to Section 412(c) of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 302(c) of ERISA of an application for a waiver of the minimum funding standard; (g) any other event or condition that might reasonably be expected to constitute grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Plan or Multiemployer Plan or the imposition of liability under Section 4069 or 4212(c) of ERISA; (h) the receipt by any member of the ERISA Group of any notice or the receipt by any Multiemployer Plan from any member of the ERISA Group of any notice, concerning the imposition of Withdrawal Liability or a determination that a Multiemployer Plan is, or is expected to be, insolvent (within the meaning of Section 4245 of ERISA), in reorganization (within the meaning of Section 4241 of ERISA), or in “critical” status (within the meaning of Section 432 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 305 of ERISA); (i) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent under Section 4007 of ERISA, upon any member of the ERISA Group or the imposition of any Lien in favor of the PBGC under Title IV of ERISA; or (j) a determination that a Plan is, or is reasonably expected to be, in “at risk” status (within the meaning of Section 430 of the Internal Revenue Code or Section 303 of ERISA).

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ERISA Group” means the Borrower, any Subsidiary and all members of a controlled group of corporations and all trades or businesses (whether or not incorporated) under common control, which, together with the Borrower or any Subsidiary, are treated as a single employer under Section 414 of the Internal Revenue Code.

EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule” means the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule published by the Loan Market Association (or any successor person), as in effect from time to time.

Eurodollar Reserve Percentage” means, for any day, the percentage which is in effect for such day as prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor) for determining the maximum reserve requirement (including, without limitation, any basic, supplemental or emergency reserves) in respect of eurocurrency liabilities or any similar category of liabilities for a member bank of the Federal Reserve System in New York City.

Event of Default” means any of the events specified in Section 10.1., provided that any requirement for notice or lapse of time or any other condition has been satisfied.

Excluded Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary (a) formed for the specific purpose of holding title to assets which are collateral for any Consolidated Secured Debt of such Subsidiary; (b) which is prohibited from Guarantying the Debt of any other Person pursuant to (i) any document, instrument or agreement evidencing such Consolidated Secured Debt or (ii) a provision of such Person’s organizational documents which provision was included in such Person’s organizational documents as a condition to the extension of such Consolidated Secured Debt; and (c) for which none of the Borrower, any Subsidiary (other than another Excluded Subsidiary) or any other Loan Party has Guaranteed any of the Debt of such Subsidiary or has any direct obligation to maintain or preserve such Subsidiary’s financial condition or to cause such Subsidiary to achieve any specified levels of operating results, except for customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, and other similar exceptions to recourse liability.

Excluded Taxes” means any of the following Taxes imposed on or with respect to a Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to a Recipient, (a) Taxes imposed on or measured by net income (however denominated), franchise Taxes, and branch profits Taxes, in each case, (i) imposed as a result of such Recipient being organized under the laws of, or having its principal office or, in the case of any Lender, its applicable Lending Office located in, the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (or any political subdivision thereof) or (ii) that are Other Connection Taxes, (b) in the case of a Lender, U.S. federal withholding Taxes imposed on amounts payable to or for the account of such Lender with respect to an applicable interest in a Loan or Commitment pursuant to an Applicable Law in effect on the date on which (i) such Lender acquires such interest in the Loan or Commitment (other than pursuant to an assignment request by the Borrower under Section 4.6.) or (ii) such Lender changes its lending office, except in each case to the extent that, pursuant to Section 3.10., amounts with respect to such Taxes were payable either to such Lender’s assignor immediately before such Lender became a party hereto or to such Lender immediately before it changed its lending office, (c) Taxes attributable to such Recipient’s failure to comply with Section 3.10.(g) and (d) any Taxes imposed under FATCA.

Existing Agreements” has the meaning set forth in the recitals hereof.

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Existing Facilities” has the meaning set forth in the recitals hereof.

Existing Letters of Credit” means each of the letters of credit originally issued under the Existing Agreements identified on Schedule 1.1.(a).

Extended Letter of Credit” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.4.(b).

FASB ASC” means the Accounting Standards Codification of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.

FATCA” means Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Internal Revenue Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with) and any current or future regulations or official interpretations thereof and any agreements entered into pursuant to Section 1471(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Federal Funds Rate” means, for any period, a fluctuating interest rate per annum equal for each day during such period to the weighted average of the rates on overnight Federal funds transactions with members of the Federal Reserve System arranged by Federal funds brokers, as published for such day (or, if such day is not a Business Day, for the immediately preceding Business Day) by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, or, if such rate is not so published for any day which is a Business Day, the average of the quotations for such day on such transactions received by the Administrative Agent from three Federal Funds brokers of recognized standing selected by the Administrative Agent.  If the Federal Funds Rate determined as provided above would be less than zero, the Federal Funds Rate shall be deemed to be zero.

Fee Letters” means those certain fee letters executed prior to the Effective Date by and among the Borrower and the various Titled Agents and any of their Affiliates, as applicable.

Fees” means the fees and commissions provided for or referred to in Section 3.5. and any other fees payable by the Borrower hereunder or under any other Loan Document.

Foreign Lender” means a Lender that is not a U.S. Person.

Fronting Exposure” means, at any time there is a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, (a) with respect to each Issuing Bank, such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the outstanding Letter of Credit Liabilities attributable to such Issuing Bank other than Letter of Credit Liabilities as to which such Defaulting Lender’s participation obligation has been reallocated to other Revolving Lenders or Cash Collateralized in accordance with the terms hereof, and (b) with respect to a Swingline Lender, such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of outstanding Swingline Loans owing to such Swingline Lender other than Swingline Loans as to which such Defaulting Lender’s participation obligation has been reallocated to other Revolving Lenders.

Fund” means any Person (other than a natural person) that is (or will be) engaged in making, purchasing, holding or otherwise investing in commercial loans and similar extensions of credit in the ordinary course of its activities.

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GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America set forth in the opinions and pronouncements of the Accounting Principles Board of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and statements and pronouncements of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (including Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 168, “The FASB Accounting Standards Codification”) or in such other statements by such other entity as may be approved by a significant segment of the accounting profession in the United States of America, which are applicable to the circumstances as of the date of determination.

Governmental Approvals” means all authorizations, consents, approvals, licenses and exemptions of, registrations and filings with, and reports to, all Governmental Authorities.

Governmental Authority” means any national, state or local government (whether domestic or foreign), any political subdivision thereof or any other governmental, quasi-governmental, judicial, administrative, public or statutory instrumentality, authority, body, agency, bureau, commission, board, department or other entity (including, without limitation, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency or the Federal Reserve Board, any central bank or any comparable authority) exercising executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank), or any arbitrator with authority to bind a party at law.

Gross Asset Value” means from time to time the sum of the following amounts (without duplication): (a) the product of (i) Consolidated Net Operating Income for the period of two consecutive fiscal quarters most recently ended attributable to Multifamily Properties (excluding any Properties covered by either of the immediately following clauses (b) or (c)) owned by any member of the Consolidated Group at the end of such period, multiplied by (ii) 2 and divided by (iii) 6.0%; (b) the purchase price paid for any Multifamily Property acquired by any member of the Consolidated Group during the period of six consecutive fiscal quarters most recently ended (less any amounts paid as a purchase price adjustment, held in escrow, retained as a contingency reserve, or other similar arrangements); (c)(i) the current book value of any Development Property (or Multifamily Property that was a Development Property at any time during the period of six consecutive fiscal quarters most recently ended) owned by any member of the Consolidated Group and (ii) the Renovation Property Value of all Renovation Properties owned by any member of the Consolidated Group at the end of the period of two consecutive fiscal quarters most recently ended; (d) unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the Consolidated Group; (e) the value (based on the lower of cost or market price determined in accordance with GAAP) of any raw land owned by any member of the Consolidated Group; (f) the value (based on the lower of cost or market price determined in accordance with GAAP) of Properties owned by any member of the Consolidated Group that are developed but that are not Multifamily Properties; (g) the value (based on the lower of cost or market price determined in accordance with GAAP) of all Multifamily REIT Preferred Interests; (h) the value (based on the lower of cost or market price determined in accordance with GAAP) of (i) all promissory notes, including any secured by a Mortgage, payable solely to any member of the Consolidated Group and the obligors of which are not Affiliates of the Borrower (excluding any such note where the obligor is more than 60 days past due with respect to any payment obligation) and (ii) all marketable securities (excluding Marketable Multifamily REIT Preferred Interests); and (i) the Borrower’s Ownership Share of the preceding items of any Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower to the extent not already included.  To the extent that

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more than 20.0% of Gross Asset Value would be attributable to Investments and other assets described in any of the preceding clauses (c), (e), (f), (g) or (h), such excess shall be excluded.  To the extent that more than 20.0% of Gross Asset Value would be attributable to Investments and other assets described in the preceding clause (i), such excess shall be excluded.  Solely for purposes of the limitation calculations in the preceding two sentences, a Development Property on which construction has been substantially completed will no longer be considered to be a Development Property.  To the extent that more than 10.0% of Gross Asset Value would be attributable to Investments and other assets described in the preceding clause (h), such excess shall be excluded.

Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool” means Gross Asset Value determined with reference only to Unencumbered Pool Assets.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, to the extent the amount by which the value of Unencumbered Pool Assets that are Investments and other assets described in any of the clauses (c), (e), (f), (g), (h) or (i) of the definition of Gross Asset Value, in the aggregate, account for more than 20% of Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool, such excess shall be excluded for purposes of determining Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool.

Guarantor” means any Person that is party to the Guaranty as a “Guarantor” and in any event shall include the Operating Partnership.

Guaranty” or to “Guarantee” by any Person, means any obligation, contingent or otherwise, of such Person directly or indirectly guaranteeing any Debt or other obligation of any other Person except for guaranties of customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, voluntary bankruptcy, collusive involuntary bankruptcy and other similar exceptions to nonrecourse liability and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any obligation, direct or indirect, contingent or otherwise, of such Person (i) to purchase or pay (or advance or supply funds for the purchase or payment of) such Debt or other obligation (whether arising by virtue of partnership arrangements, by agreement to keep-well, to purchase assets, goods, securities or services, to take-or-pay, or to maintain financial statement conditions or otherwise) or (ii) entered into for the purpose of assuring in any other manner the obligee of such Debt or other obligation of the payment thereof or to protect such obligee against loss in respect thereof (in whole or in part); provided that the term Guarantee shall not include endorsements for collection or deposit in the ordinary course of business.  The term “Guarantee” used as a verb has a corresponding meaning.  As the context requires, “Guaranty” shall also mean the guaranty executed and delivered pursuant to Section 5.1. or Section 7.13. and substantially in the form of Exhibit E.

Hazardous Materials” means all or any of the following: (a) substances that are defined or listed in, or otherwise classified pursuant to, any applicable Environmental Laws as “hazardous substances”, “hazardous materials”, “hazardous wastes”, “toxic substances” or any other formulation intended to define, list or classify substances by reason of deleterious properties such as ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, “TCLP” toxicity, or “EP toxicity”; (b) oil, petroleum or petroleum derived substances, natural gas, natural gas liquids or synthetic gas and drilling fluids, produced waters and other wastes associated with the exploration, development or production of crude oil, natural gas or geothermal resources; (c) any flammable substances or explosives or any radioactive materials; (d) asbestos in any form; (e)

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toxic mold; and (f) electrical equipment which contains any oil or dielectric fluid containing levels of polychlorinated biphenyls in excess of fifty parts per million.

Indemnified Taxes” means (a) Taxes, other than Excluded Taxes, imposed on or with respect to any payment made by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower or any other Loan Party under any Loan Document and (b) to the extent not otherwise described in the immediately preceding clause (a), Other Taxes.

Intellectual Property” has the meaning given that term in Section 6.1.(s).

Interest Period” means:

(a)        with respect to each LIBOR Loan, each period commencing on the date such LIBOR Loan is made, or in the case of the Continuation of a LIBOR Loan the last day of the preceding Interest Period for such Loan, and ending on the date 7 days or the numerically corresponding day in the first, third or sixth calendar month thereafter, as the Borrower may select in a Notice of Revolving Borrowing, Notice of Term Loan Borrowing, Notice of Continuation or Notice of Conversion, as the case may be, except that each Interest Period (other than an Interest Period of 7 days) that commences on the last Business Day of a calendar month (or on any day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the appropriate subsequent calendar month) shall end on the last Business Day of the appropriate subsequent calendar month; and

(b)        with respect to each Bid Rate Loan, the period commencing on the date such Bid Rate Loan is made and ending on any Business Day not less than 7 nor more than 180 days thereafter, as the Borrower may select as provided in Section 2.3.(b).

Notwithstanding the foregoing: (i) if any Interest Period for a Class of Loans would otherwise end after the Termination Date for such Class, such Interest Period shall end on such Termination Date; and (ii) each Interest Period that would otherwise end on a day which is not a Business Day shall end on the immediately following Business Day (or, if such immediately following Business Day falls in the next calendar month, on the immediately preceding Business Day).

Internal Revenue Code” means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended.

Investment” means, with respect to any Person, any acquisition or investment (whether or not of a controlling interest) by such Person, by means of any of the following: (a) the purchase or other acquisition of any Equity Interest in another Person, (b) a loan, advance or extension of credit to, capital contribution to, Guaranty of Debt of, or purchase or other acquisition of any Debt of, another Person, including any partnership or joint venture interest in such other Person, or (c) the purchase or other acquisition (in one transaction or a series of transactions) of assets of another Person that constitute the business or a division or operating unit of another Person.  Any commitment to make an Investment in any other Person, as well as any option of another Person to require an Investment in such Person, shall constitute an Investment.  Except as expressly provided otherwise, for purposes of determining compliance with any covenant contained in a Loan Document, the amount of any Investment shall be the amount actually invested, without adjustment for subsequent increases or decreases in the value of such Investment.

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Investment Grade Rating” means a Credit Rating of BBB-/Baa3 (or the equivalent) or higher from a Rating Agency.

Issuing Bank” means Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., PNC Bank, National Association, U.S. Bank National Association and Regions Bank, each in its capacity as an issuer of Letters of Credit pursuant to Section 2.4.

L/C Commitment Amount” has the meaning given to that term in Section 2.4.(a).

L/C Disbursement” has the meaning given to that term in Section 3.9.(b).

Lender” means each financial institution from time to time party hereto as a “Lender” or a “Designated Lender,” together with its respective successors and permitted assigns, and, as the context requires, includes the Swingline Lenders; provided, however, that the term “Lender” (i) shall exclude each Designated Lender when used in reference to any Loan other than a Bid Rate Loan, the Commitments or terms relating to any Loan other than a Bid Rate Loan and shall further exclude each Designated Lender for all other purposes under the Loan Documents except that any Designated Lender which funds a Bid Rate Loan shall, subject to Section 12.5.(d), have only the rights (including the rights given to a Lender contained in Sections 12.2. and 12.9.) and obligations of a Lender associated with holding such Bid Rate Loan and (ii) except as otherwise expressly provided herein, shall exclude any Lender (or its Affiliates) in its capacity as a Specified Derivatives Provider.

Lender Parties” means, collectively, the Administrative Agent, the Lenders, the Issuing Banks, the Specified Derivatives Providers, each co-agent or sub-agent appointed by the Administrative Agent from time to time pursuant to Section 11.5., any other holder from time to time of any of any Obligations and, in each case, their respective successors and permitted assigns.

Lending Office” means, for each Lender and for each Type of Loan, the office of such Lender specified in such Lender’s Administrative Questionnaire or in the applicable Assignment and Assumption, or such other office of such Lender as such Lender may notify the Administrative Agent in writing from time to time.

Letter of Credit” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.4.(a).

Letter of Credit Collateral Account” means a special deposit account maintained by the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks and the Revolving Lenders, and under the sole dominion and control of the Administrative Agent.

Letter of Credit Documents” means, with respect to any Letter of Credit, collectively, any application therefor, any certificate or other document presented in connection with a drawing under such Letter of Credit and any other agreement, instrument or other document governing or providing for (a) the rights and obligations of the parties concerned or at risk with respect to such Letter of Credit or (b) any collateral security for any of such obligations.

Letter of Credit Liabilities” means, without duplication, at any time and in respect of any Letter of Credit (a) the Stated Amount of such Letter of Credit plus (b) the aggregate unpaid principal amount of all Reimbursement Obligations of the Borrower at such time due and payable

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in respect of all drawings made under such Letter of Credit.  For purposes of this Agreement, (i) a Revolving Lender (other than a Lender in its capacity as an Issuing Bank of a given Letter of Credit) shall be deemed to hold a Letter of Credit Liability in an amount equal to its participation interest under Section 2.4. in such Letter of Credit, and the Lender that is the Issuing Bank of such Letter of Credit shall be deemed to hold a Letter of Credit Liability in an amount equal to its retained interest in such Letter of Credit after giving effect to the acquisition by the Revolving Lenders (other than the Lender then acting as the Issuing Bank of such Letter of Credit) of their participation interests under such Section and (ii) if on any date of determination a Letter of Credit has expired by its terms but any amount may still be drawn thereunder by reason of the operation of Rule 3.14 of the ISP, such Letter of Credit shall be deemed to be “outstanding” in the amount so remaining available to be drawn.

Level” has the meaning given that term in the definition of the term “Applicable Margin.”

LIBOR” means, with respect to any LIBOR Loan for any Interest Period, the rate of interest obtained by dividing (i) the rate of interest per annum determined on the basis of the rate as set by the ICE Benchmark Administration (“ICE”)(or the successor thereto if ICE is no longer making such rate available) for deposits in Dollars for a period equal to the applicable Interest Period which appears on Reuters Screen LIBOR01 Page (or any applicable successor page) at approximately 11:00 a.m. (London time) two Business Days prior to the first day of the applicable Interest Period by (ii) a percentage equal to 1 minus the Eurodollar Reserve Percentage.  If, for any reason, the rate referred to in the preceding clause (i) does not appear on Reuters Screen LIBOR01 Page (or any applicable successor page), then the rate to be used for such clause (i) shall be determined by the Administrative Agent to be the arithmetic average of the rate per annum at which deposits in Dollars would be offered by first class banks in the London interbank market to the Administrative Agent at approximately 11:00 a.m. (London time) two Business Days prior to the first day of the applicable Interest Period for a period equal to such Interest Period.  Any change in the maximum rate of reserves described in the preceding clause (ii) shall result in a change in LIBOR on the date on which such change in such maximum rate becomes effective.  If LIBOR determined as provided above would be less than zero, LIBOR shall be deemed to be zero.  Unless otherwise specified in any amendment to this Agreement entered into in accordance with Section 4.5.(c), in the event that a Replacement Rate with respect to LIBOR is implemented then all references herein to LIBOR shall be deemed references to such Replacement Rate.

LIBOR Auction” means a solicitation of Bid Rate Quotes setting forth LIBOR Margin Loans based on LIBOR pursuant to Section 2.3.

LIBOR Loan” means a Revolving Loan or Term Loan (or any portion thereof) (other than a Base Rate Loan) bearing interest at a rate based on LIBOR.

LIBOR Margin” has the meaning given that term in Section 2.3.(c)(ii)(D).

LIBOR Margin Loan” means a Bid Rate Loan the interest rate on which is determined on the basis of LIBOR pursuant to a LIBOR Auction.

LIBOR Market Index Rate” means, for any day, LIBOR as of that day that would be applicable for a LIBOR Loan having a one-month Interest Period determined at approximately 10:00 a.m. Central time for such day (rather than 11:00 a.m. (London time) two Business Days

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prior to the first day of such Interest Period as otherwise provided in the definition of “LIBOR”), or if such day is not a Business Day, the immediately preceding Business Day.  The LIBOR Market Index Rate shall be determined on a daily basis.

Lien” as applied to the property of any Person means: (a) any security interest, encumbrance, mortgage, deed to secure debt, deed of trust, assignment of leases and rents, pledge, lien, hypothecation, assignment, charge or lease constituting a Capitalized Lease Obligation, conditional sale or other title retention agreement, or other security title or encumbrance of any kind in respect of any property of such Person, or upon the income, rents or profits therefrom; (b) any arrangement, express or implied, under which any property of such Person is transferred, sequestered or otherwise identified for the purpose of subjecting the same to the payment of Debt or performance of any other obligation in priority to the payment of the general, unsecured creditors of such Person; and (c) the filing of any financing statement under the UCC or its equivalent in any jurisdiction, other than any precautionary filing not otherwise constituting or giving rise to a Lien, including a financing statement filed (i) in respect of a lease not constituting a Capitalized Lease Obligation pursuant to Section 9-505 (or a successor provision) of the UCC or its equivalent as in effect in an applicable jurisdiction or (ii) in connection with a sale or other disposition of accounts or other assets not prohibited by this Agreement in a transaction not otherwise constituting or giving rise to a Lien.

Loan” means a Revolving Loan, a Term Loan, a Bid Rate Loan or a Swingline Loan, as the context may require.

Loan Document” means this Agreement, each Note, the Guaranty, each Letter of Credit Document, the Fee Letters and each other document or instrument now or hereafter executed and delivered by a Loan Party in connection with, pursuant to or relating to this Agreement (other than any Specified Derivatives Contract).

Loan Party” means each of the Borrower, each other Person who guarantees all or a portion of the Obligations and/or who pledges any collateral to secure all or a portion of the Obligations.

Mandatorily Redeemable Stock” means, with respect to any Person, any Equity Interest of such Person which by the terms of such Equity Interest (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable or exercisable), upon the happening of any event or otherwise, (a) matures or is mandatorily redeemable, pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise (other than an Equity Interest to the extent redeemable in exchange for common stock or other equivalent common Equity Interests at the option of the issuer of such Equity Interest), (b) is convertible into or exchangeable or exercisable for Debt or Mandatorily Redeemable Stock, or (c) is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part (other than an Equity Interest which is redeemable solely in exchange for common stock or other equivalent common Equity Interests), in the case of each of clauses (a) through (c), on or prior to the latest Termination Date for any Class of Loans.

Marketable Multifamily REIT Preferred Interest” means a Multifamily REIT Preferred Interest: (a) having trading privileges on a national securities exchange or that is subject to price quotations in the over-the-counter market; (b) but not subject to restrictions on the sale, transfer, assignment, hypothecation or other limitations that would restrict the free transfer of such

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Preferred Equity by a member of the Consolidated Group for more than 90 days from purchase or such Preferred Equity qualifies for an exemption under the Securities Act.

Material Adverse Effect” means a materially adverse effect on (a) the business, assets, liabilities, financial condition or results of operations of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries taken as a whole, (b) the ability of the Borrower or any other Loan Party to perform its obligations under any Loan Document to which it is a party, (c) the validity or enforceability of any of the Loan Documents, (d) the rights and remedies of the Lenders, the Issuing Banks and the Administrative Agent under any of the Loan Documents or (e) the timely payment of the principal of or interest on the Loans or other amounts payable in connection therewith or the timely payment of all Reimbursement Obligations.

Material Contract” means any contract or other arrangement (other than Loan Documents and Specified Derivatives Contracts), whether written or oral, to which the Borrower, any Subsidiary or any other Loan Party is a party as to which the breach, nonperformance, cancellation or failure to renew by any party thereto could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Moody’s” means Moody’s Investors Service, Inc. and its successors.

Mortgage” means a mortgage, deed of trust, deed to secure debt or similar security instrument made by a Person owning an interest in real estate granting a Lien on such interest in real estate as security for the payment of Debt.

Multiemployer Plan” means at any time a multiemployer plan within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA to which any member of the ERISA Group is then making or accruing an obligation to make contributions or has within the preceding six plan years made contributions, including for these purposes any Person which ceased to be a member of the ERISA Group during such six-year period.

Multifamily Property” means a Property on which the improvements consist primarily of an apartment community.

Multifamily REIT Preferred Interest” means any Preferred Equity (a) owned by a member of the Consolidated Group; (b) issued by a non-subsidiary REIT owning primarily residential apartment communities.  Any Multifamily REIT Preferred Interest acquired must be in conjunction with a multifamily acquisition or series of multifamily acquisitions.

Negative Pledge” means, with respect to a given asset, any provision of a document, instrument or agreement (other than any Loan Document) which prohibits or purports to prohibit the creation or assumption of any Lien on such asset as security for Debt of the Person owning such asset or any other Person; provided, however, that an agreement that conditions a Person’s ability to encumber its assets upon the maintenance of one or more specified ratios that limit such Person’s ability to encumber its assets but that do not generally prohibit the encumbrance of its assets, or the encumbrance of specific assets, shall not constitute a Negative Pledge.

Non-Defaulting Lender” means, at any time, each Lender that is not a Defaulting Lender at such time.

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Nonrecourse Debt” means, with respect to a Person, Debt for borrowed money in respect of which recourse for payment (except for customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, voluntary bankruptcy, collusive involuntary bankruptcy and other similar customary exceptions to nonrecourse liability) is contractually limited to specific assets of such Person encumbered by a Lien securing such Debt.

Note” means a Revolving Note, Term Note, a Bid Rate Note or a Swingline Note, as the context may require.

Notice of Continuation” means a notice substantially in the form of Exhibit F (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and containing the information required in such Exhibit) to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.10. evidencing the Borrower’s request for the Continuation of a LIBOR Loan.

Notice of Conversion” means a notice substantially in the form of Exhibit G (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and containing the information required in such Exhibit) to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.11. evidencing the Borrower’s request for the Conversion of a Loan from one Type to another Type.

Notice of Revolving Borrowing” means a notice substantially in the form of Exhibit H (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and containing the information required in such Exhibit) to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.1.(b) evidencing the Borrower’s request for a borrowing of Revolving Loans.

Notice of Swingline Borrowing” means a notice substantially in the form of Exhibit I (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and containing the information required in such Exhibit) to be delivered to the Administrative Agent and the applicable Swingline Lender pursuant to Section 2.5.(b) evidencing the Borrower’s request for a Swingline Loan.

Notice of Term Loan Borrowing” means the notice substantially in the form of Exhibit J (or such other form reasonably acceptable to the Administrative Agent and containing the information required in such Exhibit) to be delivered to the Administrative Agent pursuant to Section 2.2.(b) evidencing the Borrower’s request for a borrowing of Term Loans.

Obligations” means, individually and collectively: (a) the aggregate principal balance of, and all accrued and unpaid interest on, all Loans; (b) all Reimbursement Obligations and all other Letter of Credit Liabilities; and (c) all other indebtedness, liabilities, obligations, covenants and duties of the Borrower and the other Loan Parties owing to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender of every kind, nature and description, under or in respect of this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, including, without limitation, the Fees and indemnification obligations, whether direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, due or not due, contractual or tortious, liquidated or unliquidated, and whether or not evidenced by any promissory note.  For the avoidance of doubt, “Obligations” shall not include any indebtedness, liabilities, obligations, covenants or duties in respect of Specified Derivatives Contracts.

Occupancy Rate” means, with respect to a Property at any time, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, of (a) the number of rentable apartment units of such Property leased by tenants paying

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rent at market rates pursuant to binding leases as to which no monetary default has occurred and is continuing to (b) the aggregate number of rentable units of such Property.

Off-Balance Sheet Obligations” means liabilities and obligations of the Borrower or any other Person in respect of “off-balance sheet arrangements” (as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K promulgated under the Securities Act) which the Borrower would be required to disclose in the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section of the Borrower’s report on Form 10-Q or Form 10-K (or their equivalents) which the Borrower is required to file with the SEC.

OFAC” means the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control.

Operating Partnership” means United Dominion Realty, L.P., a limited partnership formed under the laws of the State of Delaware, together with its successors and permitted assignees.

Other Connection Taxes” means, with respect to any Recipient, Taxes imposed as a result of a present or former connection between such Recipient and the jurisdiction imposing such Tax (other than connections arising from such Recipient having executed, delivered, become a party to, performed its obligations under, received payments under, received or perfected a security interest under, engaged in any other transaction pursuant to or enforced any Loan Document, or sold or assigned an interest in any Loan or Loan Document).

Other Taxes” means all present or future stamp, court or documentary, intangible, recording, filing or similar Taxes that arise from any payment made under, from the execution, delivery, performance, enforcement or registration of, from the receipt or perfection of a security interest under, or otherwise with respect to, any Loan Document, except any such Taxes that are Other Connection Taxes imposed with respect to an assignment (other than an assignment made pursuant to Section 4.6.).

Ownership Share” means, with respect to any Subsidiary of a Person (other than a Wholly Owned Subsidiary) or any Unconsolidated Affiliate of a Person, the greater of (a) such Person’s relative nominal direct and indirect ownership interest (expressed as a percentage) in such Subsidiary or Unconsolidated Affiliate or (b) such Person’s relative direct and indirect economic interest (calculated as a percentage) in such Subsidiary or Unconsolidated Affiliate determined in accordance with the applicable provisions of the declaration of trust, articles or certificate of incorporation, articles of organization, partnership agreement, joint venture agreement or other applicable organizational document of such Subsidiary or Unconsolidated Affiliate.

Participant” has the meaning given that term in Section 12.5.(d).

Participant Register” has the meaning given that term in Section 12.5.(d).

Patriot Act” means The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Title III of Pub. L. No. 107-56 (signed into law October 26, 2001)).

PBGC” means the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation and any successor agency.

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Permitted Liens” means, as to any Person: (a) Liens securing taxes, assessments and other charges or levies imposed by any Governmental Authority (excluding any Lien imposed pursuant to any of the provisions of ERISA) or the claims of materialmen, mechanics, carriers, warehousemen or landlords for labor, materials, supplies or rentals incurred in the ordinary course of business, which are not at the time required to be paid or discharged under Section 7.6.; (b) Liens consisting of deposits or pledges made, in the ordinary course of business, in connection with, or to secure payment of, obligations under workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance or similar Applicable Laws; (c) Liens consisting of encumbrances in the nature of zoning restrictions, easements, and rights or restrictions of record on the use of real property, which do not materially detract from the value of such property or impair the use thereof in the business of such Person; (d) Liens in existence as of the Agreement Date and set forth on Schedule 6.1.(g); (e) the rights of tenants under leases or subleases not interfering with the ordinary conduct of business of such Person; and (f) Liens in favor of the Administrative Agent for its benefit and the benefit of the other Lender Parties.

Person” means any natural person, corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, joint stock company, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, joint venture, association, company, trust, bank, trust company, land trust, business trust or other organization, whether or not a legal entity, or any other nongovernmental entity, or any Governmental Authority.

Plan” means at any time an employee pension benefit plan (other than a Multiemployer Plan) which is covered by Title IV of ERISA or subject to the minimum funding standards under Section 412 of the Internal Revenue Code and either (a) is maintained, or contributed to, by any member of the ERISA Group for employees of any member of the ERISA Group or (b) has at any time within the preceding six years been maintained, or contributed to, by any Person which was at such time a member of the ERISA Group for employees of any Person which was at such time a member of the ERISA Group.

Post-Default Rate” means, in respect of any principal of any Class of Loans, the rate otherwise applicable to such Class of Loans plus an additional four percent (4.0%) per annum and with respect to any other Obligation, a rate per annum equal to the Base Rate as in effect from time to time plus the Applicable Margin for Revolving Loans that are Base Rate Loans plus four percent (4.0%).

Preferred Equity” means, with respect to any Person, Equity Interests in such Person which are entitled to preference or priority over any other Equity Interest in such Person in respect of the payment of dividends or distribution of assets upon liquidation or both.

Prime Rate” means, at any time, the rate of interest per annum publicly announced from time to time by the Lender then acting as the Administrative Agent as its prime rate.  Each change in the Prime Rate shall be effective as of the opening of business on the day such change in such prime rate occurs.  The parties hereto acknowledge that the rate announced publicly by the Lender acting as Administrative Agent as its prime rate is an index or base rate and shall not necessarily be its lowest or best rate charged to its customers or other banks.

Principal Office” means the office of the Administrative Agent located at 600 South 4th St., 9th Floor, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55415, or any other subsequent office that the

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Administrative Agent shall have specified as the Principal Office by written notice to the Borrower and the Lenders.

Pro Rata Share” means, as to each Lender, the ratio, expressed as a percentage of (a)(i) the aggregate amount of such Lender’s Commitments plus (ii) the aggregate principal amount of such Lender’s outstanding Term Loans (if any) to (b)(i) the aggregate amount of the Commitments of all Lenders plus (ii) the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Term Loans (if any); provided, however, that if at the time of determination the Revolving Commitments have been terminated or reduced to zero, the “Pro Rata Share” of each Lender shall be the ratio, expressed as a percentage of (A) the sum of the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Loans and Letter of Credit Liabilities owing to such Lender as of such date to (B) the sum of the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Loans and Letter of Credit Liabilities of all Lenders as of such date.  If at the time of determination the Commitments have been terminated or reduced to zero and there are no outstanding Loans or Letter of Credit Liabilities, then the Pro Rata Shares of the Lenders shall be determined as of the most recent date on which Commitments were in effect or Loans or Letters of Credit Liabilities were outstanding.  For purposes of this definition, a Revolving Lender shall be deemed to hold a Swingline Loan or a Letter of Credit Liability to the extent such Revolving Lender has acquired a participation therein under the terms of this Agreement and has not failed to perform its obligations in respect of such participation.

Property” means a parcel (or group of related parcels) owned or leased (in whole or in part) by the Borrower, any Subsidiary or any Unconsolidated Affiliate.

Qualified Plan” means a Benefit Arrangement that is intended to be tax-qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.

Rating Agency” means S&P or Moody’s.

Recipient” means (a) the Administrative Agent, (b) any Lender and (c) any Issuing Bank, as applicable.

Register” has the meaning given that term in Section 12.5.(c).

Regulatory Change” means, with respect to any Lender, any change effective after the Agreement Date in Applicable Law (including without limitation, Regulation D of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System) or the adoption or making after such date of any interpretation, directive or request applying to a class of banks, including such Lender, of or under any Applicable Law (whether or not having the force of law and whether or not failure to comply therewith would be unlawful) by any Governmental Authority or monetary authority charged with the interpretation or administration thereof or compliance by any Lender with any request or directive regarding capital adequacy or liquidity.  Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (a) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, guidelines or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith and (b) all requests, rules, guidelines or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities, in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a “Regulatory Change”, regardless of the date enacted, adopted or issued.

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Reimbursement Obligation” means the absolute, unconditional and irrevocable obligation of the Borrower to reimburse the applicable Issuing Bank for any drawing honored by such Issuing Bank under a Letter of Credit.

REIT” means a Person qualifying for treatment as a “real estate investment trust” under the Internal Revenue Code.

Related Parties” means, with respect to any Person, such Person’s Affiliates and the partners, shareholders, directors, officers, employees, agents, counsel, other advisors and representatives of such Person and of such Person’s Affiliates.

Renovation Property” mean a Property on which the existing building or other improvements are undergoing renovation and redevelopment that will either (i) disrupt the occupancy of at least 30% of the square footage of such Property or (ii) temporarily reduce the Consolidated Net Operating Income attributable to such Property by more than 30% as compared to the immediately preceding comparable prior period.  A Property shall cease to be a Renovation Property upon the earliest to occur of (i) all improvements (other than tenant improvements on unoccupied space) related to the redevelopment of such Property having been substantially completed, (ii) once such Property has achieved a minimum Occupancy Rate of 80.0% and (iii) 18 months following the commencement of such renovation and redevelopment.

Renovation Property Value” means for a Renovation Property, the sum of the following (without duplication): (a) the historical cost basis of such Property determined in accordance with GAAP plus (b) the cost of capital improvements made to such Property in connection with such renovation and redevelopment.

Replacement Rate” has the meaning assigned thereto in Section 4.5(c).

Requisite Class Lenders” means, with respect to a Class of Lenders as of any date of determination, Lenders of such Class (a) having more than 50.0% of the aggregate amount of the Commitments of such Class and, in the case of Term Loans or Term Loan Commitments, the outstanding Term Loans (if any) of all Lenders or (b) if the Commitments of such Class have been terminated or reduced to zero, holding more than 50.0% of the principal amount of the aggregate outstanding Loans of such Class, and in the case of Revolving Lenders, outstanding Letter of Credit Liabilities and Swingline Loans; provided that (i) in determining such percentage at any given time, all then existing Defaulting Lenders of such Class will be disregarded and excluded, and (ii) at all times when two or more Lenders (excluding Defaulting Lenders) of such Class are party to this Agreement, the term “Requisite Class Lenders” shall in no event mean less than two Lenders of such Class.  For purposes of this definition, a Revolving Lender shall be deemed to hold a Swingline Loan or a Letter of Credit Liability to the extent such Lender has acquired a participation therein under the terms of this Agreement and has not failed to perform its obligations in respect of such participation.

Requisite Lenders” means, as of any date, (a) Lenders having more than 50.0% of the aggregate amount of the Commitments and the outstanding Term Loans (if any) of all Lenders, or (b) if the Revolving Commitments have been terminated or reduced to zero, Lenders holding more than 50.0% of the principal amount of the aggregate outstanding Loans and Letter of Credit Liabilities; provided that (i) in determining such percentage at any given time, all then existing

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Defaulting Lenders will be disregarded and excluded, and (ii) at all times when two or more Lenders (excluding Defaulting Lenders) are party to this Agreement, the term “Requisite Lenders” shall in no event mean less than two Lenders.  For purposes of this definition, a Revolving Lender shall be deemed to hold a Swingline Loan or a Letter of Credit Liability to the extent such Lender has acquired a participation therein under the terms of this Agreement and has not failed to perform its obligations in respect of such participation.

Responsible Officer” means the chief financial officer, the Controller, any Senior Executive Vice President, or Senior Vice President or the Treasurer.

Restricted Payment” means (a) any dividend or other distribution, direct or indirect, on account of any Equity Interest of the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries now or hereafter outstanding, except a dividend payable solely in shares of that class of Equity Interests to the holders of that class; (b) any redemption, conversion, exchange, retirement, sinking fund or similar payment, purchase or other acquisition for value, direct or indirect, of any shares of any Equity Interest of the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries now or hereafter outstanding; and (c) any payment made to retire, or to obtain the surrender of, any outstanding warrants, options or other rights to acquire any Equity Interests of the Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries now or hereafter outstanding.

Revolving Commitment” means, as to each Revolving Lender, such Revolving Lender’s obligation to make Revolving Loans pursuant to Section 2.1., to issue (in the case of an Issuing Bank) and to participate (in the case of the other Revolving Lenders) in Letters of Credit pursuant to Section 2.4.(i), and to participate in Swingline Loans pursuant to Section 2.5.(e), in an amount up to, but not exceeding the amount set forth for such Revolving Lender on Schedule I as such Revolving Lender’s “Revolving Commitment Amount” or as set forth in any applicable Assignment and Assumption, or agreement executed by a Person becoming a Revolving Lender in accordance with Section 2.17., as the same may be reduced from time to time pursuant to Section 2.13. or increased or reduced as appropriate to reflect any assignments to or by such Revolving Lender effected in accordance with Section 12.5. or increased as appropriate to reflect any increase effected in accordance with Section 2.17.

Revolving Commitment Percentage” means, as to each Lender with a Revolving Commitment, the ratio, expressed as a percentage, of (a) the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment to (b) the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments of all Revolving Lenders; provided, however, that if at the time of determination the Revolving Commitments have been terminated or reduced to zero, the “Revolving Commitment Percentage” of each Lender with a Revolving Commitment shall be the “Revolving Commitment Percentage” of such Lender in effect immediately prior to such termination or reduction.

Revolving Credit Exposure” means, as to any Revolving Lender at any time, the aggregate principal amount at such time of its outstanding Revolving Loans and such Revolving Lender’s participation in Letter of Credit Liabilities and Swingline Loans at such time.

Revolving Lender” means a Lender having a Revolving Commitment, or if the Revolving Commitments have been terminated or reduced to zero, holding any Revolving Loans or Letter of Credit Liabilities.

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Revolving Loan” means a loan made by a Revolving Lender to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.1.(a).

Revolving Note” means a promissory note of the Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit K, payable to the order of a Revolving Lender in a principal amount equal to the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment.

Revolving Termination Date” means January 31, 2023, or such later date to which the Revolving Termination Date may be extended pursuant to Section 2.14.

Sanctioned Country” means, at any time, a country or territory which is, or whose government is, the subject or target of any Sanctions.

Sanctioned Person” means, at any time, (a) any Person listed in any Sanctions-related list of designated Persons maintained by any Governmental Authority of the United States of America, including without limitation, OFAC or the U.S. Department of State, or by the United Nations Security Council, Her Majesty’s Treasury, the European Union or any other Governmental Authority, (b) any Person located, operating, organized or resident in a Sanctioned Country, (c) an agency of the government of a Sanctioned Country or (d) any Person Controlled by one or more Persons or agencies described in any of the preceding clauses (a) through (c).

Sanctions” means any sanctions or trade embargoes imposed, administered or enforced by any Governmental Authority of the United States of America, including without limitation, OFAC or the U.S. Department of State, or by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury or any other Governmental Authority.

SEC” means the Securities and Exchange Commission, or any Governmental Authority succeeding to any of its principal functions.

Securities Act” means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended from time to time, together with all rules and regulations issued thereunder.

Significant Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary having assets equal to or greater than $50,000,000 in value.

Significant Subsidiary Group” means two or more Subsidiaries collectively having assets equal to or greater than $50,000,000 in value.

Solvent” means, when used with respect to any Person, that (a) the fair value and the fair salable value of its assets (excluding any Debt due from any Affiliate of such Person) are each in excess of the fair valuation of its total liabilities (including all contingent liabilities computed at the amount which, in light of all facts and circumstances existing at such time, represents the amount that could reasonably be expected to become an actual and matured liability); (b) such Person is able to pay its debts or other obligations in the ordinary course as they mature; and (c) such Person has capital not unreasonably small to carry on its business and all business in which it proposes to be engaged.

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Specified Derivatives Contract” means any Derivatives Contract that is made or entered into at any time, or in effect at any time now or hereafter, whether as a result of an assignment or transfer or otherwise, between or among any Loan Party and any Specified Derivatives Provider.

Specified Derivatives Provider” means any Person that (a) at the time it enters into a Specified Derivatives Contract with a Loan Party, is a Lender or an Affiliate of a Lender or (b) at the time it (or its Affiliate) becomes a Lender (including on the Effective Date), is a party to a Specified Derivatives Contract with a Loan Party, in each case in its capacity as a party to such Specified Derivatives Contract.

S&P” means Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, a Standard & Poor’s Financial Services LLC business, or any successor.

Stated Amount” means the amount available to be drawn by a beneficiary under a Letter of Credit from time to time, as such amount may be increased or reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms of such Letter of Credit.

Subsidiary” means, for any Person, any corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity of which at least a majority of the Equity Interests having by the terms thereof ordinary voting power to elect a majority of the board of directors or other individuals performing similar functions of such corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other entity (without regard to the occurrence of any contingency) is at the time directly or indirectly owned or controlled by such Person or one or more Subsidiaries of such Person or by such Person and one or more Subsidiaries of such Person, and shall include all Persons the accounts of which are consolidated with those of such Person pursuant to GAAP.

Swingline Commitment” means, with respect to a Swingline Lender, such Swingline Lender’s obligation to make Swingline Loans pursuant to Section 2.5. in an amount up to, but not exceeding the amount set forth in the first sentence of Section 2.5.(a)(i), as such amount may be reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof.

Swingline Lender” means Wells Fargo, JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., PNC Bank, National Association, U.S. Bank National Association and Regions Bank, each in its capacity as a Lender to make Swingline Loans pursuant to Section 2.4., together with their respective successors and assigns in such capacity.

Swingline Loan” means a loan made by a Swingline Lender to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.5.

Swingline Maturity Date” means the date which is forty-five (45) Business Days prior to the Revolving Termination Date.

Swingline Note” means the promissory note of the Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit L, payable to the order of a Swingline Lender in a principal amount equal to the amount of such Swingline Lender’s Swingline Commitment as originally in effect and otherwise duly completed.

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Taxes” means all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings (including backup withholding), assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Authority, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.

Term Loan” means a loan made by a Term Loan Lender to the Borrower pursuant to Section 2.2.

Term Loan Commitment” means a Term Loan Lender’s obligation to make a Term Loan (a) on the Effective Date pursuant to Section 2.2. in an amount up to, but not exceeding, the amount set forth for such Lender on Schedule I as such Lender’s “Term Loan Commitment Amount” or (b) after the Effective Date as set forth in any agreement executed by an existing Term Loan Lender or a Person becoming a Term Loan Lender in accordance with Section 2.17.

Term Loan Lender” means a Lender having a Term Loan Commitment, or if the Term Loan Commitments have terminated, a Lender holding a Term Loan.

Term Loan Maturity Date” means September 30, 2023.

Term Note” means a promissory note of the Borrower substantially in the form of Exhibit M, payable to the order of a Term Loan Lender in a principal amount equal to the amount of such Term Loan Lender’s Term Loan.

Termination Date” means (a) with respect to the Revolving Loans and Revolving Commitments, the Revolving Termination Date and (b) with respect to the Term Loans, the Term Loan Maturity Date.

Titled Agent” has the meaning given that term in Section 11.9.

Type” with respect to any Revolving Loan or Term Loan, refers to whether such Loan or portion thereof is a LIBOR Loan or a Base Rate Loan.

UCC” means the Uniform Commercial Code as in effect in any applicable jurisdiction.

Unconsolidated Affiliate” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person in whom such Person holds an Investment, which Investment is accounted for in the financial statements of such Person on an equity basis of accounting and whose financial results would not be consolidated under GAAP with the financial results of such Person on the consolidated financial statements of such Person.

Unencumbered Pool Asset” means any asset owned by a member of the Consolidated Group or an Unconsolidated Affiliate of the Borrower and that satisfies all of the following requirements: (a) such asset is either (i) a Multifamily Property, (ii) a Property that is developed but that is not a Multifamily Property, (iii) a Development Property or a Renovation Property, (iv) raw land, (v) promissory notes (vi) marketable securities (including Marketable Multifamily REIT Preferred Interests) and (vii) Multifamily REIT Preferred Interests; (b) neither such asset, nor any interest of any member of the Consolidated Group or Unconsolidated Affiliate therein, is subject to any Lien (other than Permitted Liens of the types described in clauses (a) through (c) of the definition thereof) or to any Negative Pledge (other than a Negative Pledge permitted under Section 9.2.(b)(iii)); (c) if such asset is owned by Person other than the Borrower (i) none of the

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Borrower’s direct or indirect ownership interest in such Person is subject to any Lien (other than Permitted Liens of the types described in clauses (a) through (c) of the definition thereof) or to any Negative Pledge (other than a Negative Pledge permitted under Section 9.2.(b)(iii); and (ii) the Borrower directly, or indirectly through a Subsidiary, has the right to take the following actions without the need to obtain the consent of any Person: (x) sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of such asset and (y) to create a Lien on such asset as security for Debt of the Borrower or such Subsidiary, as applicable; (d) if such asset is owned by a Subsidiary or Unconsolidated Affiliate which is not a Guarantor (i) the Borrower directly, or indirectly through other Subsidiaries, owns more than 50% of all outstanding Equity Interests of such Person or through contractual relationships or otherwise has day-to-day control over the operations of such Person; and (ii) such Person is not an obligor with respect to any Debt (other than unsecured Debt of the type set forth in clauses (c) and (d) of the definition of the term Debt), provided however, assets held by a “qualified intermediary” in connection with the sale of a property will not be subject to (i) and (ii) in this clause (d); and (e) in the case of a Property, such Property is free of all structural defects or major architectural deficiencies (if developed), title defects, environmental conditions or other adverse matters which, individually or collectively, materially impair the value of such Property.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, no asset of the DownREIT nor any of its Subsidiaries shall be included as an Unencumbered Pool Asset if the DownREIT or such Subsidiary Guarantees (excluding guaranties of customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, voluntary bankruptcy, collusive involuntary bankruptcy and other similar exceptions to nonrecourse liability), or otherwise becomes obligated in respect of, any Debt of the Borrower or any other Subsidiary of the Borrower (including the DownREIT).

U.S. Person” means any Person that is a “United States Person” as defined in Section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code.

U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate” has the meaning assigned to such term in Section 3.10.(g)(ii)(B)(III).

Wells Fargo” means Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, and its successors and assigns.

Wholly Owned Subsidiary” means any Subsidiary of a Person in respect of which all of the Equity Interests (other than, in the case of a corporation, directors’ qualifying shares) are at the time directly or indirectly owned and controlled by such Person or one or more other Subsidiaries of such Person or by such Person and one or more other Subsidiaries of such Person.

Withdrawal Liability” means any liability as a result of a complete or partial withdrawal from a Multiemployer Plan as such terms are defined in Part I of Subtitle E of Title IV of ERISA.

Withholding Agent” means (a) the Borrower, (b) any other Loan Party and (c) the Administrative Agent, as applicable.

Write-Down and Conversion Powers” means, with respect to any EEA Resolution Authority, the write-down and conversion powers of such EEA Resolution Authority from time to time under the Bail-In Legislation for the applicable EEA Member Country, which write-down and conversion powers are described in the EU Bail-In Legislation Schedule.

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Section 1.2.       General; References to Pacific Time.

Unless otherwise indicated, all accounting terms, ratios and measurements shall be interpreted or determined in accordance with GAAP.  If at any time any change in GAAP would affect the computation of any covenant, the Borrower and the Administrative Agent shall negotiate in good faith to amend such covenant to preserve the original intent in light of such change; provided, that, until so amended, (i) such covenant shall continue to be computed in accordance with the application of GAAP prior to such change and (ii) the Borrower shall provide to the Administrative Agent a written reconciliation in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent, between calculations of such covenant made before and after giving effect to such change in GAAP.  References in this Agreement to “Sections”, “Articles”, “Exhibits” and “Schedules” are to sections, articles, exhibits and schedules herein and hereto unless otherwise indicated.  References in this Agreement to any document, instrument or agreement (a) shall include all exhibits, schedules and other attachments thereto, (b) except as expressly provided otherwise in any Loan Document, shall include all documents, instruments or agreements issued or executed in replacement thereof, to the extent permitted hereby and (c) shall mean such document, instrument or agreement, or replacement or predecessor thereto, as amended, supplemented, restated or otherwise modified from time to time to the extent not otherwise stated herein or prohibited hereby and in effect at any given time.  Except as expressly provided otherwise in any Loan Document, (i) any reference to any law shall include all statutory and regulatory provisions consolidating, amending, replacing or interpreting such law and any reference to any law or regulation shall, unless otherwise specified, refer to such law or regulation as amended, modified, extended, restated, replaced or supplemented from time to time and (ii) any reference to any Person shall be construed to include such Person’s permitted successors and permitted assigns.  Wherever from the context it appears appropriate, each term stated in either the singular or plural shall include the singular and plural, and pronouns stated in the masculine, feminine or neuter gender shall include the masculine, the feminine and the neuter.  Unless explicitly set forth to the contrary, a reference to “Subsidiary” means a Subsidiary of the Borrower or a Subsidiary of such Subsidiary and a reference to an “Affiliate” means an Affiliate of the Borrower.  Titles and captions of Articles, Sections, subsections and clauses in this Agreement are for convenience only, and neither limit nor amplify the provisions of this Agreement.  Unless otherwise indicated, all references to time are references to Pacific time daylight or standard, as applicable.

Section 1.3.       Financial Attributes of Non-Wholly Owned Subsidiaries.

When determining compliance by the Borrower with any financial covenant contained in any of the Loan Documents only the Ownership Share of the Borrower of the financial attributes of a Subsidiary that is not a Wholly Owned Subsidiary shall be included.

ARTICLE II. CREDIT FACILITY

Section 2.1.       Revolving Loans.

(a)         Making of Revolving Loans.  Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, including without limitation, Section 2.16., each Revolving Lender severally and not jointly agrees to make Revolving Loans in Dollars to the Borrower during the period from and including the Effective Date to but excluding the Revolving Termination Date, in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding up to, but not exceeding, such Lender’s Revolving

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Commitment.  Each borrowing of Revolving Loans that are to be (i) Base Rate Loans shall be in an aggregate minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof and (ii) LIBOR Loans shall be in an aggregate minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof.  Notwithstanding the immediately preceding two sentences but subject to Section 2.16., a borrowing of Revolving Loans may be in the aggregate amount of the unused Revolving Commitments.  Within the foregoing limits and subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Borrower may borrow, repay and reborrow Revolving Loans.

(b)         Requests for Revolving Loans.  Not later than 7:00 a.m. Pacific time on the proposed date of a borrowing of Revolving Loans that are to be Base Rate Loans and not later than 7:00 a.m. Pacific time at least 3 Business Days prior to a borrowing of Revolving Loans that are to be LIBOR Loans, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a Notice of Revolving Borrowing.  Each Notice of Revolving Borrowing shall specify the aggregate principal amount of the Revolving Loans to be borrowed, the date such Revolving Loans are to be borrowed (which must be a Business Day), the use of the proceeds of such Revolving Loans, the Type of the requested Revolving Loans, and if such Revolving Loans are to be LIBOR Loans, the initial Interest Period for such Revolving Loans.  Each Notice of Revolving Borrowing shall be irrevocable once given and binding on the Borrower.  Prior to delivering a Notice of Revolving Borrowing, the Borrower may (without specifying whether a Revolving Loan will be a Base Rate Loan or a LIBOR Loan) request that the Administrative Agent provide the Borrower with the most recent LIBOR available to the Administrative Agent.  The Administrative Agent shall provide such quoted rate to the Borrower on the date of such request or as soon as possible thereafter.

(c)         Funding of Revolving Loans.  Promptly after receipt of a Notice of Revolving Borrowing under the immediately preceding subsection (b), the Administrative Agent shall notify each Revolving Lender of the proposed borrowing.  Each Revolving Lender shall deposit an amount equal to the Revolving Loan to be made by such Lender to the Borrower with the Administrative Agent at the Principal Office, in immediately available funds not later than (i) in the case of Revolving Loans that are to be Base Rate Loans, 11:00 a.m. Pacific time on the date of such proposed Revolving Loans and (ii) in the case of Revolving Loans that are to be LIBOR Loans, 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the date of such proposed Revolving Loans.  Subject to fulfillment of all applicable conditions set forth herein, the Administrative Agent shall make available to the Borrower in the account specified in the Disbursement Instruction Agreement, the proceeds of such amounts received by the Administrative Agent (x) in the case of Revolving Loans that are to be Base Rate Loans, not later than 1:00 p.m. Pacific time on the date of the requested borrowing of such Revolving Loans and (y) in the case of Revolving Loans that are to be LIBOR Loans, not later than 12:00 noon Pacific time on the date of the requested borrowing of such Revolving Loans.

(d)         Assumptions Regarding Funding by Revolving Lenders.  With respect to Revolving Loans to be made after the Effective Date, unless the Administrative Agent shall have been notified by any Revolving Lender that such Lender will not make available to the Administrative Agent a Revolving Loan to be made by such Lender in connection with any borrowing, the Administrative Agent may assume that such Lender will make the proceeds of such Revolving Loan available to the Administrative Agent in accordance with this Section, and the Administrative Agent may (but shall not be obligated to), in reliance upon such assumption, make available to the Borrower the amount of such Revolving Loan to be provided by such Lender.  In

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such event, if such Lender does not make available to the Administrative Agent the proceeds of such Revolving Loan, then such Lender and the Borrower severally agree to pay to the Administrative Agent on demand the amount of such Revolving Loan with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such Revolving Loan is made available to the Borrower but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at (i) in the case of a payment to be made by such Lender, the greater of the Federal Funds Rate and a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation and (ii) in the case of a payment to be made by the Borrower, the interest rate applicable to Revolving Loans that are Base Rate Loans.  If the Borrower and such Lender shall pay the amount of such interest to the Administrative Agent for the same or overlapping period, the Administrative Agent shall promptly remit to the Borrower the amount of such interest paid by the Borrower for such period.  If such Lender pays to the Administrative Agent the amount of such Revolving Loan, the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s Revolving Loan included in the borrowing.  Any payment by the Borrower shall be without prejudice to any claim the Borrower may have against a Revolving Lender that shall have failed to make available the proceeds of a Revolving Loan to be made by such Lender.

Section 2.2.       Term Loans.

(a)         Making of Term Loans.  Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, on the Effective Date, each Term Loan Lender severally and not jointly agrees to make a Term Loan in Dollars to the Borrower in the aggregate principal amount equal to the amount of such Lender’s Term Loan Commitment.  Upon a Term Loan Lender’s funding of its Term Loan, the Term Loan Commitment of such Lender shall terminate.  Once repaid, the principal amount of a Term Loan (or portion thereof) may not be reborrowed.

(b)         Requests for Term Loans.  Not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time at least 3 Business Days prior to the anticipated Effective Date, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a Notice of Term Loan Borrowing requesting that the Term Loan Lenders make the Term Loans on the Effective Date and specifying the aggregate principal amount of Term Loans to be borrowed, the Type of the Term Loans, the use of proceeds of the Term Loans and if such Term Loans are to be LIBOR Loans, the initial Interest Period for the Term Loans.  Such notice shall be irrevocable once given and binding on the Borrower.  Upon receipt of the Notice of Term Loan Borrowing, the Administrative Agent shall promptly notify each Term Loan Lender.

(c)         Funding of Term Loans.  Each Term Loan Lender shall deposit an amount equal to the Term Loan to be made by such Term Loan Lender to the Borrower with the Administrative Agent at the Principal Office, in immediately available funds, not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the anticipated Effective Date.  Subject to fulfillment of all applicable conditions set forth herein, the Administrative Agent shall make available to the Borrower in the account specified by the Borrower in the Disbursement Instruction Agreement, not later than 12:00 noon Pacific time on the Effective Date, the proceeds of such amounts received by the Administrative Agent.

Section 2.3.       Bid Rate Loans.

(a)         Bid Rate Loans.  At any time during the period from the Effective Date to but excluding the Revolving Termination Date, and so long as the Borrower continues to maintain an Investment Grade Rating, the Borrower may, as set forth in this Section, request the Revolving

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Lenders to make offers to make Bid Rate Loans to the Borrower in Dollars.  The Revolving Lenders may, but shall have no obligation to, make such offers and the Borrower may, but shall have no obligation to, accept any such offers in the manner set forth in this Section.

(b)         Requests for Bid Rate Loans.  When the Borrower wishes to request from the Revolving Lenders offers to make Bid Rate Loans, it shall give the Administrative Agent notice (a “Bid Rate Quote Request”) so as to be received no later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on (x) the Business Day immediately preceding the date of borrowing proposed therein, in the case of an Absolute Rate Auction and (y) the date 4 Business Days prior to the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of a LIBOR Auction.  The Administrative Agent shall deliver to each Revolving Lender a copy of each Bid Rate Quote Request promptly upon receipt thereof by the Administrative Agent.  The Borrower may request offers to make Bid Rate Loans for up to 3 different Interest Periods in any one Bid Rate Quote Request; provided that if granted each separate Interest Period shall be deemed to be a separate borrowing (a “Bid Rate Borrowing”).  Each Bid Rate Quote Request shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit N and shall specify as to each Bid Rate Borrowing all of the following:

(i)          the proposed date of such Bid Rate Borrowing, which shall be a Business Day;

(ii)         the aggregate amount of such Bid Rate Borrowing which shall be in a minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof which shall not cause any of the limits specified in Section 2.16. to be violated;

(iii)       whether the Bid Rate Quote Request is for LIBOR Margin Loans or Absolute Rate Loans; and

(iv)        the duration of the Interest Period applicable thereto, which shall not extend beyond the Revolving Termination Date.

The Borrower shall not deliver any Bid Rate Quote Request within 5 Business Days of the giving of any other Bid Rate Quote Request and the Borrower shall not deliver more than 3 Bid Rate Quote Requests in any calendar month.

(c)         Bid Rate Quotes.

(i)          Each Revolving Lender may submit one or more Bid Rate Quotes, each containing an offer to make a Bid Rate Loan in response to any Bid Rate Quote Request; provided that, if the Borrower’s request under Section 2.3.(b) specified more than one Interest Period, such Revolving Lender may make a single submission containing only one Bid Rate Quote for each such Interest Period.  Each Bid Rate Quote must be submitted to the Administrative Agent not later than 8:30 a.m. Pacific time (x) on the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of an Absolute Rate Auction and (y) on the date 3 Business Days prior to the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of a LIBOR Auction, and in either case the Administrative Agent shall disregard any Bid Rate Quote received after such time; provided that the Revolving Lender then acting as the Administrative Agent may submit a Bid Rate Quote only if it notifies the Borrower of the terms of the offer contained therein not later than 30 minutes prior to the latest time by which the Revolving Lenders must

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submit applicable Bid Rate Quotes.  Any Bid Rate Quote so made shall be irrevocable except with the consent of the Administrative Agent given at the request of the Borrower.  Such Bid Rate Loans may be funded by a Revolving Lender’s Designated Lender (if any) as provided in Section 12.5.(g); however, such Revolving Lender shall not be required to specify in its Bid Rate Quote whether such Bid Rate Loan will be funded by such Designated Lender.

(ii)         Each Bid Rate Quote shall be substantially in the form of Exhibit O and shall specify:

(A)        the proposed date of borrowing and the Interest Period therefor;

(B)        the principal amount of the Bid Rate Loan for which each such offer is being made; provided that the aggregate principal amount of all Bid Rate Loans for which a Revolving Lender submits Bid Rate Quotes (x) may be greater or less than the Revolving Commitment of such Revolving Lender but (y) shall not exceed the principal amount of the Bid Rate Borrowing for a particular Interest Period for which offers were requested; provided further that any Bid Rate Quote shall be in a minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof;

(C)        in the case of an Absolute Rate Auction, the rate of interest per annum (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the nearest one-hundredth of one percent (0.01%)) offered for each such Absolute Rate Loan (the “Absolute Rate”);

(D)        in the case of a LIBOR Auction, the margin above or below applicable LIBOR (the “LIBOR Margin”) offered for each such LIBOR Margin Loan, expressed as a percentage (rounded upwards, if necessary, to the nearest one-hundredth of one percent (0.01%)) to be added to (or subtracted from) the applicable LIBOR; and

(E)        the identity of the quoting Revolving Lender.

Unless otherwise agreed by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, no Bid Rate Quote shall contain qualifying, conditional or similar language or propose terms other than or in addition to those set forth in the applicable Bid Rate Quote Request and, in particular, no Bid Rate Quote may be conditioned upon acceptance by the Borrower of all (or some specified minimum) of the principal amount of the Bid Rate Loan for which such Bid Rate Quote is being made.

(d)         Notification by Administrative Agent.  The Administrative Agent shall, as promptly as practicable after the Bid Rate Quotes are submitted (but in any event not later than 9:30 a.m. Pacific time (x) on the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of an Absolute Rate Auction or (y) on the date 3 Business Days prior to the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of a LIBOR Auction), notify the Borrower of the terms (i) of any Bid Rate Quote submitted by a Revolving Lender that is in accordance with Section 2.3.(c) and (ii) of any Bid Rate Quote that amends, modifies or is otherwise inconsistent with a previous Bid Rate Quote submitted by such Revolving Lender with respect to the same Bid Rate Quote Request.  Any such subsequent Bid

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Rate Quote shall be disregarded by the Administrative Agent unless such subsequent Bid Rate Quote is submitted solely to correct a manifest error in such former Bid Rate Quote.  The Administrative Agent’s notice to the Borrower shall specify (A) the aggregate principal amount of the Bid Rate Borrowing for which offers have been received and (B) the principal amounts and Absolute Rates or LIBOR Margins, as applicable, so offered by each Revolving Lender (identifying the Revolving Lender that made such Bid Rate Quote).

(e)         Acceptance by Borrower.

(i)          Not later than 10:30 a.m. Pacific time (x) on the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of an Absolute Rate Auction and (y) on the date 3 Business Days prior to the proposed date of borrowing, in the case of a LIBOR Auction, the Borrower shall notify the Administrative Agent of its acceptance or nonacceptance of the Bid Rate Quotes so notified to it pursuant to Section 2.3.(d). which notice shall be in the form of Exhibit P.  In the case of acceptance, such notice shall specify the aggregate principal amount of Bid Rate Quotes for each Interest Period that are accepted.  The failure of the Borrower to give such notice by such time shall constitute nonacceptance.  The Borrower may accept any Bid Rate Quote in whole or in part; provided that:

(A)        the aggregate principal amount of each Bid Rate Borrowing may not exceed the applicable amount set forth in the related Bid Rate Quote Request;

(B)        the aggregate principal amount of each Bid Rate Borrowing shall comply with the provisions of Section 2.3.(b)(ii) and together with all other Bid Rate Loans then outstanding shall not cause the limits specified in Section 2.16. to be violated;

(C)        acceptance of Bid Rate Quotes may be made only in ascending order of Absolute Rates or LIBOR Margins, as applicable, in each case beginning with the lowest rate so offered;

(D)        any acceptance in part by the Borrower shall be in a minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof; and

(E)        the Borrower may not accept any Bid Rate Quote that fails to comply with Section 2.3.(c) or otherwise fails to comply with the requirements of this Agreement.

(ii)         If Bid Rate Quotes are made by two or more Revolving Lenders with the same Absolute Rates or LIBOR Margins, as applicable, for a greater aggregate principal amount than the amount in respect of which Bid Rate Quotes are permitted to be accepted for the related Interest Period, the principal amount of Bid Rate Loans in respect of which such Bid Rate Quotes are accepted shall be allocated by the Administrative Agent among such Revolving Lenders in proportion to the aggregate principal amount of such Bid Rate Quotes.  Determinations by the Administrative Agent of the amounts of Bid Rate Loans shall be conclusive in the absence of manifest error.

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(f)         Obligation to Make Bid Rate Loans.  The Administrative Agent shall promptly (and in any event not later than (x) 11:30 a.m. Pacific time on the proposed date of borrowing of Absolute Rate Loans and (y) on the date 3 Business Days prior to the proposed date of borrowing of LIBOR Margin Loans) notify each Revolving Lender that submitted a Bid Rate Quote as to whose Bid Rate Quote has been accepted and the amount and rate thereof.  A Revolving Lender who is notified that it has been selected to make a Bid Rate Loan may designate its Designated Lender (if any) to fund such Bid Rate Loan on its behalf, as described in Section 12.5.(d).  Any Designated Lender which funds a Bid Rate Loan shall on and after the time of such funding become the obligee in respect of such Bid Rate Loan and be entitled to receive payment thereof when due.  No Revolving Lender shall be relieved of its obligation to fund a Bid Rate Loan, and no Designated Lender shall assume such obligation, prior to the time the applicable Bid Rate Loan is funded.  Any Revolving Lender whose offer to make any Bid Rate Loan has been accepted shall, not later than 12:30 p.m. Pacific time on the date specified for the making of such Loan, make the amount of such Loan available to the Administrative Agent at its Principal Office in immediately available funds, for the account of the Borrower.  The amount so received by the Administrative Agent shall, subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, be made available to the Borrower not later than 1:30 p.m. Pacific time on such date by depositing the same, in immediately available funds, in an account of the Borrower designated by the Borrower.

(g)         No Effect on Revolving Commitment.  Except for the purpose and to the extent expressly stated in Section 2.13. and 2.16., the amount of any Bid Rate Loan made by any Revolving Lender shall not constitute a utilization of such Revolving Lender’s Revolving Commitment.

Section 2.4.       Letters of Credit.

(a)         Letters of Credit.  Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, including without limitation, Section 2.16., each Issuing Bank severally and not jointly, on behalf of the Revolving Lenders, agrees to issue for the account of the Borrower during the period from and including the Effective Date to, but excluding, the date 30 days prior to the Revolving Termination Date, one or more standby letters of credit (each a “Letter of Credit”) denominated in Dollars up to a maximum aggregate Stated Amount at any one time outstanding not to exceed $75,000,000 as such amount may be reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof (the “L/C Commitment Amount”); provided, that an Issuing Bank shall not be obligated to issue any Letter of Credit if, after giving effect to such issuance, the aggregate Stated Amount of outstanding Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank would exceed the lesser of (i) one-fifth of the L/C Commitment Amount and (ii) the Revolving Commitment of such Issuing Bank in its capacity as a Revolving Lender.  The parties hereto agree that each of the Existing Letters of Credit shall, from and after the Effective Date, be deemed to be a Letter of Credit issued under this Agreement.

(b)         Terms of Letters of Credit.  At the time of issuance, the amount, form, terms and conditions of each Letter of Credit, and of any drafts or acceptances thereunder, shall be subject to approval by the applicable Issuing Bank and the Borrower.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event may (i) the expiration date of any Letter of Credit extend beyond the date that is 30 days prior to the Revolving Termination Date, or (ii) any Letter of Credit have an initial duration in excess of one year; provided, however, a Letter of Credit may contain a provision providing for the automatic extension of the expiration date in the absence of a notice of non-renewal from the

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applicable Issuing Bank but in no event shall any such provision permit the extension of the current expiration date of such Letter of Credit beyond the earlier of (x) the date that is 30 days prior to the Revolving Termination Date and (y) the date one year after the current expiration date.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Letter of Credit may, as a result of its express terms or as the result of the effect of an automatic extension provision, have an expiration date of not more than one year beyond the Revolving Termination Date (any such Letter of Credit being referred to as an “Extended Letter of Credit”), so long as the Borrower delivers to the Administrative Agent for its benefit and the benefit of the applicable Issuing Bank and the Revolving Lenders no later than 20 days prior to the Revolving Termination Date, Cash Collateral for such Letter of Credit for deposit into the Letter of Credit Collateral Account in an amount equal to the Stated Amount of such Letter of Credit.  The obligations of the Borrower under this Section in respect of such Extended Letters of Credit shall survive the termination of this Agreement and shall remain in effect until no such Extended Letters of Credit remain outstanding.  If the Borrower fails to provide Cash Collateral with respect to any Extended Letter of Credit by the date 20 days prior to the Revolving Termination Date, such failure shall be treated as a drawing under such Extended Letter of Credit (in an amount equal to the maximum Stated Amount of such Extended Letter of Credit), which shall be reimbursed (or participations therein funded) by the Revolving Lenders in accordance with the immediately following subsections (i) and (j), with the proceeds being utilized to provide Cash Collateral for such Extended Letter of Credit.  The initial Stated Amount of each Letter of Credit shall be at least $100,000 (or such lesser amount as may be acceptable to the applicable Issuing Bank, the Administrative Agent and the Borrower).

(c)         Requests for Issuance of Letters of Credit.  The Borrower shall give the Issuing Bank selected by the Borrower to issue a Letter of Credit and the Administrative Agent written notice at least 5 Business Days prior to the requested date of issuance of such Letter of Credit (or such shorter period as agreed to by the applicable Issuing Bank), such notice to describe in reasonable detail the proposed terms of such Letter of Credit and the nature of the transactions or obligations proposed to be supported by such Letter of Credit, and in any event shall set forth with respect to such Letter of Credit the proposed (i) initial Stated Amount, (ii) beneficiary, and (iii) expiration date.  The Borrower shall also execute and deliver such customary applications and agreements for standby letters of credit, and other forms as requested from time to time by the applicable Issuing Bank.  Provided the Borrower has given the notice prescribed by the first sentence of this subsection and delivered such applications and agreements referred to in the preceding sentence, subject to the other terms and conditions of this Agreement, including the satisfaction of any applicable conditions precedent set forth in Section 5.2., the applicable Issuing Bank shall issue the requested Letter of Credit on the requested date of issuance for the benefit of the stipulated beneficiary but in no event prior to the date 5 Business Days (or such shorter period as agreed to by the applicable Issuing Bank) following the date after which the applicable Issuing Bank has received all of the items required to be delivered to it under this subsection.  No Issuing Bank shall at any time be obligated to issue any Letter of Credit if such issuance would conflict with, or cause such Issuing Bank or any Revolving Lender to exceed any limits imposed by, any Applicable Law.  References herein to “issue” and derivations thereof with respect to Letters of Credit shall also include extensions or modifications of any outstanding Letters of Credit, unless the context otherwise requires.  Upon the written request of the Borrower, an Issuing Bank shall deliver to the Borrower a copy of each Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank within a reasonable time after the date of issuance thereof.  To the extent any term of a Letter of Credit Document (excluding any certificate or other document presented by a beneficiary in connection

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with a drawing under such Letter of Credit) is inconsistent with a term of any Loan Document, the term of such Loan Document shall control.

The Borrower shall examine the copy of any Letter of Credit or any amendment to a Letter of Credit that is delivered to it by an Issuing Bank and, in the event of any claim of noncompliance with the Borrower’s instructions or other irregularity, the Borrower will promptly (but in any event, within 5 Business Days after the later of (x) receipt by the beneficiary of such Letter of Credit of the original of, or amendment to, such Letter of Credit, as applicable and (y) receipt by the Borrower of a copy of such Letter of Credit or amendment, as applicable) notify the applicable Issuing Bank.  The Borrower shall be conclusively deemed to have waived any such claim against such Issuing Bank and its correspondents unless such notice is given as aforesaid.

(d)         Reimbursement Obligations.  Upon receipt by an Issuing Bank from the beneficiary of a Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank of any demand for payment under such Letter of Credit and such Issuing Bank’s determination that such demand for payment complies with the requirements of such Letter of Credit, such Issuing Bank shall promptly notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent of the amount to be paid by such Issuing Bank as a result of such demand and the date on which payment is to be made by such Issuing Bank to such beneficiary in respect of such demand; provided, however, that an Issuing Bank’s failure to give, or delay in giving, such notice shall not discharge the Borrower in any respect from the applicable Reimbursement Obligation.  The Borrower hereby absolutely, unconditionally and irrevocably agrees to pay and reimburse each applicable Issuing Bank for the amount of each demand for payment under such Letter of Credit at or prior to the date on which payment is to be made by such Issuing Bank to the beneficiary thereunder, without presentment, demand, protest or other formalities of any kind.  Upon receipt by an Issuing Bank of any payment in respect of any Reimbursement Obligation in respect of a Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank, such Issuing Bank shall promptly pay to each Revolving Lender that has acquired a participation therein under the second sentence of the immediately following subsection (i) such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such payment.

(e)         Manner of Reimbursement.  Upon its receipt of a notice referred to in the immediately preceding subsection (d), the Borrower shall advise the Administrative Agent and the applicable Issuing Bank whether or not the Borrower intends to borrow hereunder to finance its obligation to reimburse such Issuing Bank for the amount of the related demand for payment and, if it does, the Borrower shall submit a timely request for such borrowing as provided in the applicable provisions of this Agreement.  If the Borrower fails to so advise the Administrative Agent and the applicable Issuing Bank, or if the Borrower fails to reimburse such Issuing Bank for a demand for payment under a Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank by the date of such payment, the failure of which such Issuing Bank shall promptly notify the Administrative Agent, then (i) if the applicable conditions contained in Article V. would permit the making of Revolving Loans, the Borrower shall be deemed to have requested a borrowing of Revolving Loans (which shall be Base Rate Loans) in an amount equal to the unpaid Reimbursement Obligation and the Administrative Agent shall give each Revolving Lender prompt notice of the amount of the Revolving Loan to be made available to the Administrative Agent not later than 10:00 a.m. Pacific time and (ii) if such conditions would not permit the making of Revolving Loans, the provisions of subsection (j) of this Section shall apply.  The amount limitations set forth in the second sentence of Section 2.1.(a) shall not apply to any borrowing of Base Rate Loans under this subsection.

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(f)         Effect of Letters of Credit on Revolving Commitments.  Upon the issuance by an Issuing Bank of any Letter of Credit and until such Letter of Credit shall have expired or been cancelled, the Revolving Commitment of each Revolving Lender shall be deemed to be utilized for all purposes of this Agreement in an amount equal to the product of (i) such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage and (ii) (A) the Stated Amount of such Letter of Credit plus (B) any related Reimbursement Obligations then outstanding.

(g)         Issuing Banks’ Duties Regarding Letters of Credit; Unconditional Nature of Reimbursement Obligations.  In examining documents presented in connection with drawings under Letters of Credit and making payments under such Letters of Credit against such documents, each Issuing Bank shall only be required to use the same standard of care as it uses in connection with examining documents presented in connection with drawings under letters of credit in which it has not sold participations and making payments under such letters of credit.  The Borrower assumes all risks of the acts and omissions of, or misuse of the Letters of Credit by, the respective beneficiaries of such Letters of Credit.  In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, none of the Issuing Banks, the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders shall be responsible for, and the Borrower’s obligations in respect of Letters of Credit shall not be affected in any manner by, (i) the form, validity, sufficiency, accuracy, genuineness or legal effects of any document submitted by any party in connection with the application for and issuance of or any drawing honored under any Letter of Credit even if such document should in fact prove to be in any or all respects invalid, insufficient, inaccurate, fraudulent or forged; (ii) the validity or sufficiency of any instrument transferring or assigning or purporting to transfer or assign any Letter of Credit, or the rights or benefits thereunder or proceeds thereof, in whole or in part, which may prove to be invalid or ineffective for any reason; (iii) failure of the beneficiary of any Letter of Credit to comply fully with conditions required in order to draw upon such Letter of Credit; (iv) errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in transmission or delivery of any messages, by mail, cable, telex, telecopy, electronic mail or otherwise, whether or not they be in cipher; (v) errors in interpretation of technical terms; (vi) any loss or delay in the transmission or otherwise of any document required in order to make a drawing under any Letter of Credit, or of the proceeds thereof; (vii) the misapplication by the beneficiary of any Letter of Credit or of the proceeds of any drawing under any Letter of Credit; or (viii) any consequences arising from causes beyond the control of the Issuing Banks, the Administrative Agent or the Lenders.  None of the above shall affect, impair or prevent the vesting of any of the Issuing Banks’ or Administrative Agent’s rights or powers hereunder.  Any action taken or omitted to be taken by an Issuing Bank under or in connection with any Letter of Credit issued by it, if taken or omitted in the absence of gross negligence or willful misconduct (as admitted by such Issuing Bank in writing or as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final, non-appealable judgment), shall not create against such Issuing Bank any liability to the Borrower, the Administrative Agent, any other Issuing Bank or any Lender.  In this connection, the obligation of the Borrower to reimburse the applicable Issuing Bank for any drawing made under any Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank, and to repay any Revolving Loan made pursuant to the second sentence of the immediately preceding subsection (e), shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable and shall be paid strictly in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and any other applicable Letter of Credit Document under all circumstances whatsoever, including without limitation, the following circumstances: (A) any lack of validity or enforceability of any Letter of Credit Document or any term or provisions therein; (B) any amendment or waiver of or any consent to departure from all or any of the Letter of Credit Documents; (C) the existence of any claim, setoff, defense or other right which the

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Borrower may have at any time against any Issuing Bank, the Administrative Agent, any Lender, any beneficiary of a Letter of Credit or any other Person, whether in connection with this Agreement, the transactions contemplated hereby or in the Letter of Credit Documents or any unrelated transaction; (D) any breach of contract or dispute between the Borrower, any Issuing Bank, the Administrative Agent, any Lender or any other Person; (E) any demand, statement or any other document presented under a Letter of Credit proving to be forged, fraudulent, invalid or insufficient in any respect or any statement therein or made in connection therewith being untrue or inaccurate in any respect whatsoever; (F) any non-application or misapplication by the beneficiary of a Letter of Credit or of the proceeds of any drawing under such Letter of Credit; (G) payment by an Issuing Bank under any Letter of Credit issued by it against presentation of a draft or certificate which does not strictly comply with the terms of such Letter of Credit; and (H) any other act, omission to act, delay or circumstance whatsoever that might, but for the provisions of this Section, constitute a legal or equitable defense to or discharge of, or provide a right of setoff against, the Borrower’s Reimbursement Obligations.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Section or Section 12.9., but not in limitation of the Borrower’s unconditional obligation to reimburse the applicable Issuing Bank for any drawing made under a Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank as provided in this Section and to repay any Revolving Loan made pursuant to the second sentence of the immediately preceding subsection (e), the Borrower shall have no obligation to indemnify the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender in respect of any liability incurred by the Administrative Agent, such Issuing Bank or such Lender arising solely out of the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Administrative Agent, such Issuing Bank or such Lender in respect of a Letter of Credit as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final, non-appealable judgment.  Except as otherwise provided in this Section, nothing in this Section shall affect any rights the Borrower may have with respect to the gross negligence or willful misconduct of the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender with respect to any Letter of Credit.

(h)         Amendments, Etc.  The issuance by an Issuing Bank of any amendment, supplement or other modification to any Letter of Credit issued by it shall be subject to the same conditions applicable under this Agreement to the issuance of new Letters of Credit (including, without limitation, that the request therefor be made through the applicable Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent), and no amendment, supplement or other modification to any Letter of Credit shall be issued unless either (i) the respective Letter of Credit affected thereby would have complied with such conditions had it originally been issued hereunder in such amended, supplemented or modified form or (ii) the Administrative Agent and the Revolving Lenders, if any, required by Section 12.6. shall have consented thereto.  In connection with any such amendment, supplement or other modification, the Borrower shall pay the fees, if any, payable under the last sentence of Section 3.5.(c).

(i)          Revolving Lenders’ Participation in Letters of Credit.  Immediately upon (i) the Effective Date with respect to any Existing Letters of Credit and (ii) the issuance by an Issuing Bank of any other Letter of Credit, each Revolving Lender shall be deemed to have absolutely, irrevocably and unconditionally purchased and received from such Issuing Bank, without recourse or warranty, an undivided interest and participation to the extent of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the liability of such Issuing Bank with respect to such Letter of Credit and each Revolving Lender thereby shall absolutely, unconditionally and irrevocably assume, as primary obligor and not as surety, and shall be unconditionally obligated to such Issuing Bank to

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pay and discharge when due, such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such Issuing Bank’s liability under such Letter of Credit.  In addition, upon the making of each payment by a Revolving Lender to the Administrative Agent for the account of an Issuing Bank in respect of any Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank pursuant to the immediately following subsection (j), such Lender shall, automatically and without any further action on the part of any Issuing Bank, the Administrative Agent or such Lender, acquire (i) a participation in an amount equal to such payment in the Reimbursement Obligation owing to such Issuing Bank by the Borrower in respect of such Letter of Credit and (ii) a participation in a percentage equal to such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage in any interest or other amounts payable by the Borrower in respect of such Reimbursement Obligation (other than the Fees payable to such Issuing Bank pursuant to the second and the last sentences of Section 3.5.(c)).

(j)          Payment Obligation of Revolving Lenders.  Each Revolving Lender severally agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent, for the account of the applicable Issuing Bank, on demand in immediately available funds in Dollars the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of each drawing paid by such Issuing Bank under each Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank to the extent such amount is not reimbursed by the Borrower pursuant to the immediately preceding subsection (d); provided, however, that in respect of any drawing under any Letter of Credit, the maximum amount that any Revolving Lender shall be required to fund, whether as a Revolving Loan or as a participation, shall not exceed such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such drawing except as otherwise provided in Section 3.9.(d).  If the notice referenced in the second sentence of Section 2.4.(e) is received by a Revolving Lender not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time, then such Lender shall make such payment available to the Administrative Agent not later than 12:00 noon Pacific time on the date of demand therefor; otherwise, such payment shall be made available to the Administrative Agent not later than 11:00 a.m. Pacific time on the next succeeding Business Day.  Each Revolving Lender’s obligation to make such payments to the Administrative Agent under this subsection, and the Administrative Agent’s right to receive the same for the account of the applicable Issuing Bank, shall be absolute, irrevocable and unconditional and shall not be affected in any way by any circumstance whatsoever, including without limitation, (i) the failure of any other Revolving Lender to make its payment under this subsection, (ii) the financial condition of the Borrower or any other Loan Party, (iii) the existence of any Default or Event of Default, including any Event of Default described in Section 10.1.(e) or (f), (iv) the termination of the Revolving Commitments or (v) the delivery of Cash Collateral in respect of any Extended Letter of Credit.  Each such payment to the Administrative Agent for the account of any Issuing Bank shall be made without any offset, abatement, withholding or deduction whatsoever.

(k)         Information to Revolving Lenders.  Promptly following any change in any Letter of Credit outstanding, the applicable Issuing Bank shall deliver to the Administrative Agent, which shall promptly deliver the same to each Revolving Lender and the Borrower, a notice describing the aggregate amount of all Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank and outstanding at such time.  Upon the request of any Revolving Lender from time to time, each Issuing Bank shall deliver any other information reasonably requested by such Lender with respect to each Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank and then outstanding.  Other than as set forth in this subsection, the Issuing Banks shall have no duty to notify the Lenders regarding the issuance or other matters regarding Letters of Credit issued hereunder.  The failure of any Issuing Bank to perform its

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requirements under this subsection shall not relieve any Revolving Lender from its obligations under the immediately preceding subsection (j).

(l)          Extended Letters of Credit.  Each Revolving Lender confirms that its obligations under the immediately preceding subsections (i) and (j) shall be reinstated in full and apply if the delivery of any Cash Collateral in respect of an Extended Letter of Credit is subsequently invalidated, declared to be fraudulent or preferential, set aside or required to be repaid to a trustee, receiver or any other party, in connection with any proceeding under any Debtor Relief Law or otherwise.

Section 2.5.       Swingline Loans.

(a)         Swingline Loans.  Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, including without limitation Section 2.16., each Swingline Lender severally and not jointly agrees to make Swingline Loans in Dollars to the Borrower, during the period from the Effective Date to but excluding the Swingline Maturity Date, in an aggregate principal amount at any one time outstanding up to, but not exceeding, the lesser (such lesser amount being referred to as the “Swingline Availability” of a given Swingline Lender) of (i) $25,000,000, as such amount may be reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and (ii) the Revolving Commitment of such Swingline Lender in its capacity as a Revolving Lender minus the aggregate outstanding principal amount of Revolving Loans of such Swingline Lender in its capacity as a Revolving Lender.  If at any time the aggregate principal amount of the Swingline Loans made by a Swingline Lender outstanding at such time exceeds the Swingline Availability of such Swingline Lender at such time, the Borrower shall immediately pay the Administrative Agent for the account of such Swingline Lender the amount of such excess.  Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, the Borrower may borrow, repay and reborrow Swingline Loans hereunder.

(b)         Procedure for Borrowing Swingline Loans.  The Borrower shall give the Administrative Agent and the Swingline Lender selected by the Borrower to make a Swingline Loan notice pursuant to a Notice of Swingline Borrowing or telephonic notice of each borrowing of a Swingline Loan.  Each Notice of Swingline Borrowing shall be delivered to the applicable Swingline Lender and the Administrative Agent no later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the proposed date of such borrowing.  Any telephonic notice shall include all information to be specified in a written Notice of Swingline Borrowing and shall be promptly confirmed in writing by the Borrower pursuant to a Notice of Swingline Borrowing sent to the applicable Swingline Lender and the Administrative Agent by telecopy, electronic mail or other similar form  of communication on the same day of the giving of such telephonic notice.  Not later than the later of 10:00 a.m. Pacific time or two (2) hours after Borrower delivers the applicable Notice of Swingline Borrowing, in either case, on the date of the requested Swingline Loan, the applicable Swingline Lender will make the proceeds of such Swingline Loan available to the Administrative Agent at its Principal Office in Dollars in immediately available funds, for the account of the Borrower.  The amount so received by the Administrative Agent shall, subject to satisfaction of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 5.2. for such borrowing, be made available to the Borrower not later than 11:00 a.m. Pacific time on such date by depositing the same, in immediately available funds, in an account of the Borrower designated by the Borrower in the Disbursement Instruction Agreement.

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(c)         Interest.  Swingline Loans shall bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the LIBOR Market Index Rate as in effect from time to time plus the Applicable Margin for Revolving Loans that are LIBOR Loans (or at such other rate or rates as the Borrower and the applicable Swingline Lender may agree from time to time in writing).  Interest on a Swingline Loan is solely for the account of the Swingline Lender that made such Swingline Loan (except to the extent a Revolving Lender acquires a participating interest in such Swingline Loan pursuant to the immediately following subsection (e)).  All accrued and unpaid interest on Swingline Loans shall be payable on the dates and in the manner provided in Section 2.6. with respect to interest on Base Rate Loans (except as the applicable Swingline Lender and the Borrower may otherwise agree in writing in connection with any particular Swingline Loan made by such Swingline Lender).

(d)         Swingline Loan Amounts, Etc.  Each Swingline Loan shall be in the minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof, or such other minimum amounts agreed to by a Swingline Lender and the Borrower.  Any voluntary prepayment of a Swingline Loan must be in integral multiples of $100,000 or the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Swingline Loans (or such other minimum amounts upon which the Swingline Lender that made such Swingline Loan and the Borrower may agree) and in connection with any such prepayment, the Borrower must give Swingline Lender that made such Swingline Loan and the Administrative Agent prior written notice thereof no later than 10:00 a.m. Pacific time on the day prior to the date of such prepayment.  The Swingline Loans owing to a Swingline Lender shall, in addition to this Agreement, be evidenced by a Swingline Note in favor of such Swingline Lender.

(e)         Repayment and Participations of Swingline Loans.  The Borrower agrees to repay each Swingline Loan within one Business Day of demand therefor by the Swingline Lender that made such Swingline Loan and, in any event, within 10 Business Days after the date such Swingline Loan was made; provided, that the proceeds of a Swingline Loan may not be used to pay a Swingline Loan.  Any Swingline Lender making demand for repayment of a Swingline Loan made by such Swingline Lender shall notify the Administrative Agent of such demand on the date on such demand is made.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Borrower shall repay the entire outstanding principal amount of, and all accrued but unpaid interest on, the Swingline Loans on the Swingline Maturity Date.  In lieu of demanding repayment of any outstanding Swingline Loan from the Borrower, the Swingline Lender that made such Swingline Loan may, on behalf of the Borrower (which hereby irrevocably directs each applicable Swingline Lender to act on its behalf for such purpose), request a borrowing of Revolving Loans that are Base Rate Loans from the Revolving Lenders in an amount equal to the principal balance of such Swingline Loan.  The amount limitations contained in the second sentence of Section 2.1.(a) shall not apply to any borrowing of such Revolving Loans made pursuant to this subsection.  Such Swingline Lender shall give notice to the Administrative Agent of any such borrowing of Revolving Loans not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time at least one Business Day prior to the proposed date of such borrowing.  Promptly after receipt of such notice of borrowing of Revolving Loans from a Swingline Lender under the immediately preceding sentence, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Revolving Lender of the proposed borrowing.  Not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the proposed date of such borrowing, each Revolving Lender will make available to the Administrative Agent at the Principal Office for the account of the applicable Swingline Lender, in immediately available funds, the proceeds of the Revolving Loan to be made by such Lender pursuant to this Section.  The Administrative Agent shall pay the proceeds of such Revolving Loans to the applicable Swingline Lender, which shall apply such proceeds to repay such Swingline Loan.  If the

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Revolving Lenders are prohibited from making Revolving Loans required to be made under this subsection for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation, the existence of any of the Defaults or Events of Default described in Sections 10.1.(e) or (f), each Revolving Lender shall purchase from the applicable Swingline Lender, without recourse or warranty, an undivided interest and participation to the extent of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such Swingline Loan, by directly purchasing a participation in such Swingline Loan in such amount and paying the proceeds thereof to the Administrative Agent for the account of the applicable Swingline Lender in Dollars and in immediately available funds.  A Revolving Lender’s obligation to purchase such a participation in a Swingline Loan shall be absolute and unconditional and shall not be affected by any circumstance whatsoever, including without limitation, (i) any claim of setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, defense or other right which such Lender or any other Person may have or claim against the Administrative Agent, any Swingline Lender or any other Person whatsoever, (ii) the existence of a Default or Event of Default (including without limitation, any of the Defaults or Events of Default described in Sections 10.1. (e) or (f)), or the termination of any Revolving Lender’s Revolving Commitment, (iii) the existence (or alleged existence) of an event or condition which has had or could have a Material Adverse Effect, (iv) any breach of any Loan Document by the Administrative Agent, any Lender, the Borrower or any other Loan Party, or (v) any other circumstance, happening or event whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing.  If such amount is not in fact made available to the applicable Swingline Lender by any Revolving Lender, such Swingline Lender shall be entitled to recover such amount on demand from such Lender, together with accrued interest thereon for each day from the date of demand thereof, at the Federal Funds Rate.  If such Lender does not pay such amount forthwith upon the applicable Swingline Lender’s demand therefor, and until such time as such Lender makes the required payment, the applicable Swingline Lender shall be deemed to continue to have outstanding Swingline Loans in the amount of such unpaid participation obligation for all purposes of the Loan Documents (other than those provisions requiring the other Revolving Lenders to purchase a participation therein).  Further, such Lender shall be deemed to have assigned any and all payments made of principal and interest on its Revolving Loans, and any other amounts due it hereunder, to the applicable Swingline Lender to fund Swingline Loans in the amount of the participation in Swingline Loans that such Lender failed to purchase pursuant to this Section until such amount has been purchased (as a result of such assignment or otherwise).

Section 2.6.       Rates and Payment of Interest on Loans.

(a)         Rates.  The Borrower promises to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Lender interest on the unpaid principal amount of each Loan made by such Lender for the period from and including the date of the making of such Loan to but excluding the date such Loan shall be paid in full, at the following per annum rates:

(i)          during such periods as such Loan is a Base Rate Loan, at the Base Rate (as in effect from time to time), plus the Applicable Margin for Base Rate Loans of the applicable Class;

(ii)         during such periods as such Loan is a LIBOR Loan, at LIBOR for such Loan for the Interest Period therefor, plus the Applicable Margin for LIBOR Loans of the applicable Class;

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(iii)       if such Loan is an Absolute Rate Loan, at the Absolute Rate for such Loan for the Interest Period therefor quoted by the Lender making such Loan in accordance with Section 2.3.; and

(iv)        if such Loan is a LIBOR Margin Loan, at LIBOR for such Loan for the Interest Period therefor plus the LIBOR Margin quoted by the Lender making such Loan in accordance with Section 2.3.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, while an Event of Default exists, the Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Lender and each Issuing Bank, as the case may be, interest at the Post-Default Rate on the outstanding principal amount of any Loan made by such Lender, on all Reimbursement Obligations owing to such Issuing Bank and on any other amount payable by the Borrower hereunder or under the Notes held by such Lender to or for the account of such Lender (including without limitation, accrued but unpaid interest to the extent permitted under Applicable Law).

(b)         Payment of Interest.  All accrued and unpaid interest on the outstanding principal amount of each Loan shall be payable (i) monthly in arrears on the first day of each month, commencing with the first full calendar month occurring after the Effective Date and (ii) on any date on which the principal balance of such Loan is due and payable in full (whether at maturity, due to acceleration or otherwise).  Interest payable at the Post-Default Rate shall be payable from time to time on demand.  All determinations by the Administrative Agent of an interest rate hereunder shall be conclusive and binding on the Lenders and the Borrower for all purposes, absent manifest error.

(c)         Borrower Information Used to Determine Applicable Interest Rates.  The parties understand that the applicable interest rate for the Obligations and certain fees set forth herein may be determined and/or adjusted from time to time based upon the Borrower’s Credit Rating (the “Borrower Information”).  If it is subsequently determined that any such Borrower Information was incorrect (for whatever reason) at the time it was delivered to the Administrative Agent, and if the applicable interest rate or fees calculated for any period were lower than they should have been had the correct information been timely provided, then, such interest rate and such fees for such period shall be automatically recalculated using correct Borrower Information.  The Administrative Agent shall promptly notify the Borrower in writing of any additional interest and fees due because of such recalculation, and the Borrower shall pay such additional interest or fees due to the Administrative Agent, for the account of each Lender, within 5 Business Days of receipt of such written notice.  Any recalculation of interest or fees required by this provision shall survive the termination of this Agreement, and this provision shall not in any way limit any of the Administrative Agent’s, any Issuing Bank’s, or any Lender’s other rights under this Agreement.

Section 2.7.       Number of Interest Periods.

There may be no more than (a) 10 different Interest Periods for LIBOR Loans that are Revolving Loans and Bid Rate Loans, collectively, outstanding at the same time and (b) 4 different Interest Periods for LIBOR Loans that are Term Loans outstanding at the same time.

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Section 2.8.       Repayment of Loans.

(a)         Revolving and Term Loans.  The Borrower shall repay the entire outstanding principal amount of, and all accrued but unpaid interest on, the Loans of a Class on the Termination Date for such Class of Loans.

(b)         Bid Rate Loans.  The Borrower shall repay the entire outstanding principal amount of, and all accrued but unpaid interest on, each Bid Rate Loan on the last day of the Interest Period of such Bid Rate Loan.

Section 2.9.       Prepayments.

(a)         Optional.  Subject to Section 4.4., the Borrower may prepay any Loan (other than a Bid Rate Loan) at any time without premium or penalty.  A Bid Rate Loan may only be prepaid with the prior written consent of the Lender holding such Bid Rate Loan.  The Borrower shall give the Administrative Agent at least 3 Business Days prior written notice of the prepayment of any Loan.  Each voluntary prepayment of Loans shall be in an aggregate minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess thereof or, if less, the entire outstanding principal amount of such Loan.

(b)         Mandatory.

(i)          Revolving Commitment Overadvance.  If at any time the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Revolving Loans, Swingline Loans and Bid Rate Loans, together with the aggregate amount of all Letter of Credit Liabilities, exceeds the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments, the Borrower shall within one Business Day of demand pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Revolving Lenders, the amount of such excess.

(ii)         Bid Rate Facility Overadvance.  If at any time the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Bid Rate Loans exceeds one-half of the aggregate amount of all Revolving Commitments at such time, then the Borrower shall immediately pay to the Administrative Agent for the accounts of the applicable Lenders the amount of such excess.

(iii)       Application of Mandatory Prepayments.  Amounts paid under the preceding subsection (b)(i) shall be applied to pay all amounts of principal outstanding on the Loans and any Reimbursement Obligations pro rata in accordance with Section 3.2. and if any Letters of Credit are outstanding at such time, the remainder, if any, shall be deposited into the Letter of Credit Collateral Account for application to any Reimbursement Obligations.  Amounts paid under the preceding subsection (b)(ii) shall be applied in accordance with Section 3.2.(g).  If the Borrower is required to pay any outstanding LIBOR Loans or Bid Rate Loans by reason of this Section prior to the end of the applicable Interest Period therefor, the Borrower shall pay all amounts due under Section 4.4.

(c)         No Effect on Derivatives Contracts.  No repayment or prepayment of the Loans pursuant to this Section shall affect any of the Borrower’s obligations under any Derivatives Contracts entered into with respect to the Loans.

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Section 2.10.     Continuation.

So long as no Default or Event of Default exists, the Borrower may on any Business Day, with respect to any LIBOR Loan, elect to maintain such LIBOR Loan or any portion thereof as a LIBOR Loan by selecting a new Interest Period for such LIBOR Loan.  Each Continuation of LIBOR Loans of the same Class shall be in an aggregate minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess of that amount, and each new Interest Period selected under this Section shall commence on the last day of the immediately preceding Interest Period.  Each selection of a new Interest Period shall be made by the Borrower giving to the Administrative Agent a Notice of Continuation not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the third Business Day prior to the date of any such Continuation.  Such notice by the Borrower of a Continuation shall be by telecopy, electronic mail or other similar form of communication in the form of a Notice of Continuation, specifying (a) the proposed date of such Continuation, (b) the LIBOR Loans, Class and portions thereof subject to such Continuation and (c) the duration of the selected Interest Period, all of which shall be specified in such manner as is necessary to comply with all limitations on Loans outstanding hereunder.  Each Notice of Continuation shall be irrevocable by and binding on the Borrower once given.  Promptly after receipt of a Notice of Continuation, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Lender holding Loans being Continued of the proposed Continuation.  If the Borrower shall fail to select in a timely manner a new Interest Period for any LIBOR Loan in accordance with this Section, such Loan will automatically, on the last day of the current Interest Period therefor, continue as a LIBOR Loan with an Interest Period of one month; provided, however that if a Default or Event of Default exists, such Loan will automatically, on the last day of the current Interest Period therefor, Convert into a Base Rate Loan notwithstanding the first sentence of Section 2.11. or the Borrower’s failure to comply with any of the terms of such Section.

Section 2.11.     Conversion.

The Borrower may on any Business Day, upon the Borrower’s giving of a Notice of Conversion to the Administrative Agent by telecopy, electronic mail or other similar form of communication, Convert all or a portion of a Loan of one Type into a Loan of another Type; provided, however, a Base Rate Loan may not be Converted into a LIBOR Loan if a Default or Event of Default exists.  Each Conversion of Base Rate Loans of the same Class into LIBOR Loans of the same Class shall be in an aggregate minimum amount of $1,000,000 and integral multiples of $500,000 in excess of that amount.  Each such Notice of Conversion shall be given not later than 9:00 a.m. Pacific time 3 Business Days prior to the date of any proposed Conversion.  Promptly after receipt of a Notice of Conversion, the Administrative Agent shall notify each Lender holding Loans being Converted of the proposed Conversion.  Subject to the restrictions specified above, each Notice of Conversion shall be by telecopy, electronic mail or other similar form of communication in the form of a Notice of Conversion specifying (a) the requested date of such Conversion, (b) the Type and Class of Loan to be Converted, (c) the portion of such Type of Loan to be Converted, (d) the Type of Loan such Loan is to be Converted into and (e) if such Conversion is into a LIBOR Loan, the requested duration of the Interest Period of such Loan.  Each Notice of Conversion shall be irrevocable by and binding on the Borrower once given.

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Section 2.12.     Notes.

(a)         Notes.  Except in the case of a Lender that has notified the Administrative Agent in writing that it elects not to receive any Notes, (i) the Revolving Loans made by each Revolving Lender shall, in addition to this Agreement, also be evidenced by a Revolving Note, payable to the order of such Revolving Lender in a principal amount equal to the amount of its Revolving Commitment as originally in effect and otherwise duly completed, (ii) the Bid Rate Loans made by a Revolving Lender to the Borrower shall, in addition to this Agreement, also be evidenced by a Bid Rate Note payable to the order of such Revolving Lender and (iii) the Term Loan made by a Term Loan Lender shall, in addition to this Agreement, also be evidenced by a Term Note, payable to the order of such Term Loan Lender in a principal amount equal to the amount of its Term Loan and otherwise duly completed.  The Swingline Loans made by a Swingline Lender to the Borrower shall, in addition to this Agreement, also be evidenced by a Swingline Note payable to the order of such Swingline Lender.

(b)       Records.  The date, amount, interest rate, Class, Type and duration of Interest Periods (if applicable) of each Loan made by each Lender to the Borrower, and each payment made on account of the principal thereof, shall be evidenced by one or more accounts or records maintained by such Lender and by the Administrative Agent in the ordinary course of business.  The accounts or records maintained by the Administrative Agent and each Lender shall be conclusive absent manifest error.  Any failure to so record or any error in doing so shall not, however, limit or otherwise affect the obligation of the Borrower hereunder to pay any amount owing with respect to the Obligations.  In the event of any conflict between the accounts and records maintained by any Lender and the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent in respect of such matters, the accounts and records of the Administrative Agent shall control in the absence of manifest error.

(c)         Lost, Stolen, Destroyed or Mutilated Notes.  Upon receipt by the Borrower of (i) written notice from a Lender that a Note of such Lender has been lost, stolen, destroyed or mutilated, and (ii)(A) in the case of loss, theft or destruction, an unsecured agreement of indemnity from such Lender in form reasonably satisfactory to the Borrower, or (B) in the case of mutilation, upon surrender and cancellation of such Note, the Borrower shall at its own expense execute and deliver to such Lender a new Note dated the date of such lost, stolen, destroyed or mutilated Note.

Section 2.13.     Voluntary Reductions of the Revolving Commitments.

The Borrower shall have the right to terminate or reduce the aggregate unused amount of the Revolving Commitments (for which purpose use of the Revolving Commitments shall be deemed to include the aggregate amount of all Letter of Credit Liabilities and the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Bid Rate Loans and Swingline Loans) at any time and from time to time without penalty or premium upon not less than 5 Business Days prior written notice to the Administrative Agent of each such termination or reduction, which notice shall specify the effective date thereof and the amount of any such reduction (which in the case of any partial reduction of the Revolving Commitments shall not be less than $10,000,000 and integral multiples of $5,000,000 in excess of that amount in the aggregate) and shall be irrevocable once given and effective only upon receipt by the Administrative Agent (“Commitment Reduction Notice”); provided, however, the Borrower may not reduce the aggregate amount of the Revolving

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Commitments below $200,000,000 unless the Borrower is terminating the Revolving Commitments in full.  Promptly after receipt of a Commitment Reduction Notice the Administrative Agent shall notify each Revolving Lender of the proposed termination or reduction.  The Revolving Commitments, once reduced or terminated pursuant to this Section, may not be increased or reinstated.  The Borrower shall pay all interest and fees on the Revolving Loans accrued to the date of such reduction or termination of the Revolving Commitments to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Revolving Lenders, including but not limited to any applicable compensation due to each Revolving Lender in accordance with Section 4.4.

Section 2.14.     Extension of Revolving Termination Date.

The Borrower shall have the right, exercisable two times, to request that the Administrative Agent and the Revolving Lenders extend the current Revolving Termination Date by 6 months per each request.  The Borrower may exercise such right only by executing and delivering to the Administrative Agent at least 90 days but not more than 120 days prior to the current Revolving Termination Date, a written request for such extension (an “Extension Request”).  The Administrative Agent shall notify the Revolving Lenders if it receives an Extension Request promptly upon receipt thereof.  Subject to satisfaction of the following conditions, the Revolving Termination Date shall be extended for six months effective upon receipt by the Administrative Agent of an Extension Request and payment of the fee referred to in the following clause (y): (x) immediately prior to such extension and immediately after giving effect thereto, (A) no Default or Event of Default shall exist and (B) the representations and warranties made or deemed made by the Borrower and each other Loan Party in the Loan Documents to which any of them is a party, shall be true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of the date of such extension with the same force and effect as if made on and as of such date except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate solely to an earlier date (in which case such representations and warranties shall have been true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of such earlier date) and except for changes in factual circumstances specifically and expressly permitted under the Loan Documents and (y) the Borrower shall have paid the Fees payable under Section 3.5.(e).  At any time prior to the effectiveness of any such extension, upon the Administrative Agent’s request, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a certificate from a Responsible Officer of the Borrower certifying the matters referred to in the immediately preceding clauses (x)(A) and (x)(B).

Section 2.15.     Expiration Date of Letters of Credit Past Revolving Commitment Termination.

If on the date the Revolving Commitments are terminated or reduced to zero (whether voluntarily, by reason of the occurrence of an Event of Default or otherwise) there are any Letters of Credit outstanding hereunder and the aggregate Stated Amount of such Letters of Credit exceeds the balance of available funds on deposit in the Letter of Credit Collateral Account, then the Borrower shall, on such date, pay to the Administrative Agent, for its benefit and the benefit of the Revolving Lenders and the Issuing Banks, for deposit into the Letter of Credit Collateral Account, an amount of money equal to the amount of such excess.

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Section 2.16.     Amount Limitations.

Notwithstanding any other term of this Agreement or any other Loan Document, no Lender shall be required to make a Loan, no Revolving Lender shall make any Bid Rate Loan, the Issuing Banks shall not be required to issue any Letters of Credit and no reduction of the Revolving Commitments pursuant to Section 2.13. shall take effect, if immediately after the making of such Loan, the issuance of such Letter of Credit or such reduction in the Revolving Commitments:

(a)         the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Revolving Loans, Bid Rate Loans and Swingline Loans, together with the aggregate amount of all Letter of Credit Liabilities, would exceed the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments at such time;

(b)         the aggregate principal amount of all outstanding Bid Rate Loans would exceed 50.0% of the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments at such time;

(c)         the aggregate Stated Amount of outstanding Letters of Credit issued by an Issuing Bank would exceed the lesser of (i) one-fifth of the L/C Commitment Amount and (ii) the Revolving Commitment of such Issuing Bank in its capacity as a Revolving Lender; or

(d)         the aggregate principal amount of Swingline Loans made by a Swingline Lender would exceed the lesser of (i) $25,000,000, as such amount may be reduced from time to time in accordance with the terms hereof and (ii) the Revolving Commitment of such Swingline Lender in its capacity as a Revolving Lender minus the aggregate outstanding principal amount of Revolving Loans of such Swingline Lender in its capacity as a Revolving Lender.

Section 2.17.     Increase in Commitments.

The Borrower shall have the right (a) during the period from the Effective Date to but excluding the Revolving Termination Date to request increases in the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments and (b) during the period from the Effective Date to but excluding the Term Loan Termination Date to request the making of additional Term Loans (“Additional Term Loans”), in each case, by providing written notice to the Administrative Agent, which notice shall be irrevocable once given; provided,  however, that after giving effect to any such increases of the Revolving Commitments and the making of the Additional Term Loans, the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments and the aggregate outstanding principal balance of Term Loans shall not exceed $2,000,000,000 (less the amount of any reductions of the Revolving Commitments effected pursuant to Section 2.13. and any prepayments of Term Loans).  Each such increase in the Revolving Commitments or borrowing of Additional Term Loans must be an aggregate minimum amount of $25,000,000 and integral multiples of $5,000,000 in excess thereof.  The Administrative Agent, in consultation with the Borrower, shall manage all aspects of the syndication of such increase in the Revolving Commitments and the making of any Additional Term Loans, including decisions as to the selection of the existing Lenders and/or other banks, financial institutions and other institutional lenders to be approached with respect to any such increase of the Revolving Commitment or making of Additional Term Loans and the allocations of any increase in the Revolving Commitments or making of Additional Term Loans among such existing Lenders and/or other banks, financial institutions and other institutional lenders.  No Lender shall be obligated in any way whatsoever to increase its Revolving Commitment, to provide a new Revolving Commitment or to make an Additional Term Loan, and any new Lender

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becoming a party to this Agreement in connection with any such requested increase of the Revolving Commitments or making of Additional Term Loans must be an Eligible Assignee.  If a new Revolving Lender becomes a party to this Agreement, or if any existing Revolving Lender is increasing its Revolving Commitment, such Lender shall on the date it becomes a Revolving Lender hereunder (or in the case of an existing Revolving Lender, increases its Revolving Commitment) (and as a condition thereto) purchase from the other Revolving Lenders its Revolving Commitment Percentage (determined with respect to the Revolving Lenders’ respective Revolving Commitments after giving effect to the increase of Revolving Commitments) of any outstanding Revolving Loans, by making available to the Administrative Agent for the account of such other Revolving Lenders, in same day funds, an amount equal to (A) the portion of the outstanding principal amount of such Revolving Loans to be purchased by such Lender, plus (B) the aggregate amount of payments previously made by the other Revolving Lenders under Section 2.4.(j) that have not been repaid, plus (C) interest accrued and unpaid to and as of such date on such portion of the outstanding principal amount of such Revolving Loans.  The Borrower shall pay to the Revolving Lenders amounts payable, if any, to such Lenders under Section 4.4. as a result of the prepayment of any such Revolving Loans.  Effecting any increase of the Revolving Commitments or the making of Additional Term Loans under this Section is subject to the following conditions precedent: (x) no Default or Event of Default shall be in existence on the effective date of such increase of the Revolving Commitments or making of Additional Term Loans or immediately after giving effect to such increase or the making of such Additional Term Loans, (y) the representations and warranties made or deemed made by the Borrower and any other Loan Party in any Loan Document to which such Loan Party is a party shall be true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on the effective date of such increase of the Revolving Commitments or making of Additional Term Loans except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate to an earlier date (in which case such representations and warranties shall have been true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of such earlier date) and except for changes in factual circumstances specifically and expressly permitted hereunder, and (z) the Administrative Agent shall have received each of the following, in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent: (i) if not previously delivered to the Administrative Agent, copies certified by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary of the applicable Loan Party of (A) all corporate or other necessary action taken by the Borrower to authorize such increase of the Revolving Commitments or borrowing of Additional Term Loans and (B) all corporate, partnership, member or other necessary action taken by each Guarantor authorizing the guaranty of such increase of the Revolving Commitments or Additional Term Loans; and (ii) an opinion of counsel to the Borrower and the Guarantors, and addressed to the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks and the Lenders covering such matters as reasonably requested by the Administrative Agent; and (iii) except in the case of a Lender that has notified the Administrative Agent in writing that it elects not to receive Notes, (I) a new Revolving Note executed by the Borrower, payable to any new Revolving Lenders, and replacement Revolving Notes executed by the Borrower, payable to any existing Revolving Lenders increasing their respective Revolving Commitments, in each case, in the amount of such Revolving Lender’s Revolving Commitment at the time of the effectiveness of the applicable increase in the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments and (II) a new Term Note executed by the Borrower, payable to any new Term Loan

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Lenders, and replacement Term Notes executed by the Borrower payable to any existing Term Loan Lenders making such Additional Term Loans, in each case, in the aggregate outstanding principal amount of such Term Loan Lender’s Term Loan at the time of the making of such Additional Term Loans.  In connection with any increase in the aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments or making of Additional Term Loans pursuant to this Section, any Lender becoming a party hereto shall (1) execute such customary documents and agreements as the Administrative Agent may reasonably request and (2) in the case of any Lender that is organized under the laws of a jurisdiction outside of the United States of America, provide to the Administrative Agent, its name, address, tax identification number and/or such other information as shall be necessary for the Administrative Agent to comply with “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including without limitation, the Patriot Act.

Section 2.18.     Funds Transfer Disbursements.

The Borrower hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to disburse the proceeds of any Loan made by the Lenders or any of their Affiliates pursuant to the Loan Documents as requested by an authorized representative of the Borrower to any of the accounts designated in the Disbursement Instruction Agreement.

Section 2.19.     Reallocations on Effective Date; Exiting Lenders.

The Administrative Agent, the Borrower and each Lender agree that upon the effectiveness of this Agreement, the amount of each Class of the Commitments of each Lender is as set forth on Schedule I attached hereto.  Simultaneously with the effectiveness of this Agreement, the Commitments of each of the Lenders of a Class as in effect immediately prior to the effectiveness of this Agreement shall be reallocated among the Lenders of such Class pro rata in accordance with their respective Commitments for such Class as set forth on Schedule I.  To effect such reallocations, each Lender of a Class which either had no Commitment with respect to such Class prior to the effectiveness of this Agreement or whose Commitment of such Class upon the effectiveness of this Agreement exceeds its Commitment of such Class immediately prior to the effectiveness of this Agreement (each an “Assignee Lender”) shall be deemed to have purchased at par all right, title and interest in, and all obligations in respect of, the Commitments of such Class from the Lenders of such Class whose Commitments are less than their respective Commitment of such Class immediately prior to the effectiveness of this Agreement (each an “Assignor Lender”), so that the Commitments of such Class of each Lender of such Class will be as set forth on Schedule I attached hereto.  Such purchases shall be deemed to have been effected by way of, and subject to the terms and conditions of, Assignment and Assumptions without the payment of any related assignment fee, and, except for Notes to be provided to the Assignor Lenders and Assignee Lenders in the principal amount of their respective Commitments of any applicable Class, no other documents or instruments shall be, or shall be required to be, executed in connection with such assignments (all of which are hereby waived).  The Assignor Lenders, the Assignee Lenders and the other Lenders shall make such cash settlements among themselves, through the Administrative Agent, as the Administrative Agent may direct (after giving effect to the making of any Loans to be made on the Effective Date and any netting transactions effected by the Administrative Agent) with respect to such reallocations and assignments so that the aggregate outstanding principal amount of each Class of Loans shall be held by the Lenders of such Class pro rata in accordance with the amount of the Commitments of such Class (determined

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without giving effect to any termination of Commitments effected by the making of any such Loans) of the Lenders of such Class.  Notwithstanding the foregoing and any other provision of this Agreement to the contrary, the parties hereto agree that, in connection with any assignment of the Commitments under this Section 2.19, the Administrative Agent, the Borrower, and each relevant Assignee Lender and/or Assignor Lender shall endeavor to make arrangements satisfactory to such parties to cause each such Assignee Lender and/or Assignor Lender to temporarily hold risk participations in the outstanding Loans, of the applicable Class, of the other Lenders of such Class (rather than fund its Commitment percentage of such Class of all outstanding Loans of such Class concurrently with the effectiveness of such increase of Commitments of such Class) with a view toward minimizing breakage costs and transfers of funds in connection with such increase of Commitments.  On the Effective Date, the commitment of each Assignor Lender that is a party to the Existing Agreements, but not a party to this Agreement (other than for purposes of this Section 2.19) (an “Exiting Lender”), shall be terminated, all outstanding obligations owing to such Exiting Lenders under the Existing Agreements on the Effective Date shall be paid in full as provided in this Section 2.19, and each Exiting Lender shall cease to be a Lender under this Agreement; provided, however, that, notwithstanding anything else provided herein or otherwise, any rights of an Exiting Lender under the Loan Documents that are intended by their express terms to survive termination of the Commitments and/or the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of obligations under any Loan Document shall survive for such Exiting Lender hereunder.

ARTICLE III. PAYMENTS, FEES AND OTHER GENERAL PROVISIONS

Section 3.1.       Payments.

(a)         Payments by Borrower.  Except to the extent otherwise provided herein, all payments of principal, interest, Fees and other amounts to be made by the Borrower under this Agreement, the Notes or any other Loan Document shall be made in Dollars, in immediately available funds, without setoff, deduction or counterclaim (excluding Taxes required to be withheld pursuant to Section 3.10.), to the Administrative Agent at the Principal Office, not later than 11:00 a.m. Pacific time on the date on which such payment shall become due (each such payment made after such time on such due date to be deemed to have been made on the next succeeding Business Day).  Subject to Section 10.5., the Borrower shall, at the time of making each payment under this Agreement or any other Loan Document, specify to the Administrative Agent the amounts payable by the Borrower hereunder to which such payment is to be applied.  Each payment received by the Administrative Agent for the account of a Lender under this Agreement or any Note shall be paid to such Lender by wire transfer of immediately available funds in accordance with the wiring instructions provided by such Lender to the Administrative Agent from time to time, for the account of such Lender at the applicable Lending Office of such Lender.  Each payment received by the Administrative Agent for the account of an Issuing Bank under this Agreement shall be paid to such Issuing Bank by wire transfer of immediately available funds in accordance with the wiring instructions provided by such Issuing Bank to the Administrative Agent from time to time, for the account of such Issuing Bank.  If the Administrative Agent fails to pay such amounts to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, within one Business Day of receipt of such amounts, the Administrative Agent shall pay interest on such amount until paid at a rate per annum equal to the Federal Funds Rate from time to time in effect.  If the due date of any payment under this Agreement or any other Loan Document

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would otherwise fall on a day which is not a Business Day such date shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day and interest shall continue to accrue at the rate, if any, applicable to such payment for the period of such extension.

(b)         Presumptions Regarding Payments by Borrower.  Unless the Administrative Agent shall have received notice from the Borrower prior to the date on which any payment is due to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Lenders or an Issuing Bank hereunder that the Borrower will not make such payment, the Administrative Agent may assume that the Borrower has made such payment on such date in accordance herewith and may (but shall not be obligated to), in reliance upon such assumption, distribute to the Lenders or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, the amount due.  In such event, if the Borrower has not in fact made such payment, then each of the Lenders or such Issuing Bank, as the case may be, severally agrees to repay to the Administrative Agent on demand that amount so distributed to such Lender or such Issuing Bank, with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is distributed to it to but excluding the date of payment to the Administrative Agent, at the greater of the Federal Funds Rate and a rate determined by the Administrative Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation.

Section 3.2.       Pro Rata Treatment.

Except to the extent otherwise provided herein: (a) each borrowing from the Revolving Lenders under Sections 2.1.(a), 2.4.(e) and 2.5.(e) shall be made from the Revolving Lenders, each payment of the fees under Sections 3.5.(b), the first sentence of 3.5.(c), and 3.5.(e) shall be made for the account of the Revolving Lenders, and each termination or reduction of the amount of the Revolving Commitments under Section 2.13. shall be applied to the respective Revolving Commitments of the Revolving Lenders, pro rata according to the amounts of their respective Revolving Commitments; (b) each payment or prepayment of principal of Revolving Loans shall be made for the account of the Revolving Lenders pro rata in accordance with the respective unpaid principal amounts of the Revolving Loans held by them, provided that, subject to Section 3.9., if immediately prior to giving effect to any such payment in respect of any Revolving Loans the outstanding principal amount of the Revolving Loans shall not be held by the Revolving Lenders pro rata in accordance with their respective Revolving Commitments in effect at the time such Revolving Loans were made, then such payment shall be applied to the Revolving Loans in such manner as shall result, as nearly as is practicable, in the outstanding principal amount of the Revolving Loans being held by the Revolving Lenders pro rata in accordance with such respective Revolving Commitments; (c) the making of Term Loans under Section 2.2.(a) shall be made from the Term Loan Lenders pro rata according to the amounts of their respective Term Loan Commitments; (d) each payment or prepayment of principal of Term Loans shall be made for the account of the Term Loan Lenders pro rata in accordance with the respective unpaid principal amounts of the Term Loans held by them; (e) each payment of interest on Loans of a Class shall be made for the account of the Lenders of such Class pro rata in accordance with the amounts of interest on such Loans of such Class then due and payable to the respective Lenders; (f) the Conversion and Continuation of Loans of a particular Type and Class (other than Conversions provided for by Sections 4.1.(c) and 4.5.) shall be made pro rata among the Lenders of such Class according to the amounts of their respective Loans of such Class and the then current Interest Period for each such Lender’s portion of each such Loan of such Type and Class shall be coterminous; (g) each prepayment of principal of Bid Rate Loans by the Borrower pursuant to

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Section 2.9.(b)(ii) shall be made for account of the Lenders then owed Bid Rate Loans pro rata in accordance with the respective unpaid principal amounts of the Bid Rate Loans then owing to each such Lender; (h) the Revolving Lenders’ participation in, and payment obligations in respect of, Swingline Loans under Section 2.5., shall be in accordance with their respective Revolving Commitment Percentages; and (i) the Revolving Lenders’ participation in, and payment obligations in respect of, Letters of Credit under Section 2.4., shall be in accordance with their respective Revolving Commitment Percentages.  All payments of principal, interest, fees and other amounts in respect of the Swingline Loans shall be for the account of the applicable Swingline Lender only (except to the extent any Revolving Lender shall have acquired a participating interest in any such Swingline Loan pursuant to Section 2.5.(e), in which case such payments shall be pro rata in accordance with such participating interests).

Section 3.3.       Sharing of Payments, Etc.

If a Lender shall obtain payment of any principal of, or interest on, any Loan of a Class made by it to the Borrower under this Agreement or shall obtain payment on any other Obligation owing by the Borrower or any other Loan Party through the exercise of any right of set-off, banker’s lien, counterclaim or similar right or otherwise or through voluntary prepayments directly to a Lender or other payments made by or on behalf of the Borrower or any other Loan Party to a Lender not in accordance with the terms of this Agreement and such payment should be distributed to the Lenders of the same Class in accordance with Section 3.2. or Section 10.5., as applicable, such Lender shall promptly purchase from the other Lenders of such Class participations in (or, if and to the extent specified by such Lender, direct interests in) the Loans of such Class made by the other Lenders of such Class or other Obligations owed to such other Lenders in such amounts, and make such other adjustments from time to time as shall be equitable, to the end that all the Lenders of such Class shall share the benefit of such payment (net of any reasonable expenses which may actually be incurred by such Lender in obtaining or preserving such benefit) in accordance with the requirements of Section 3.2. or Section 10.5., as applicable.  To such end, all the Lenders of such Class shall make appropriate adjustments among themselves (by the resale of participations sold or otherwise) if such payment is rescinded or must otherwise be restored.  The Borrower agrees that any Lender of such Class so purchasing a participation (or direct interest) in the Loans or other Obligations owed to such other Lenders of such Class may exercise all rights of set-off, banker’s lien, counterclaim or similar rights with respect to such participation as fully as if such Lender were a direct holder of Loans of such Class in the amount of such participation.  Nothing contained herein shall require any Lender to exercise any such right, or shall affect the right of any Lender to exercise and retain the benefits of exercising any such right, with respect to any other indebtedness or obligation of the Borrower.

Section 3.4.       Several Obligations.

No Lender shall be responsible for the failure of any other Lender to make a Loan or to perform any other obligation to be made or performed by such other Lender hereunder, and the failure of any Lender to make a Loan or to perform any other obligation to be made or performed by it hereunder shall not relieve the obligation of any other Lender to make any Loan or to perform any other obligation to be made or performed by such other Lender.

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Section 3.5.       Fees.

(a)         Closing Fees.  On the Effective Date, the Borrower agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent, the Titled Agents and each Lender all fees as have been agreed to in writing by the Borrower, the Administrative Agent and/or the Titled Agents.

(b)         Facility Fees.  During the period from the Effective Date to but excluding the Revolving Termination Date, the Borrower agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of the Revolving Lenders a facility fee equal to the daily aggregate amount of the Revolving Commitments (whether or not utilized) times a rate equal to (i) the Applicable Facility Fee divided by (ii) 360.  Such fee shall be payable quarterly in arrears on the first day of each January, April, July and October during the term of this Agreement and on the Revolving Termination Date or any earlier date of termination of the Revolving Commitments or reduction of the Revolving Commitments to zero.  The Borrower acknowledges that the fee payable hereunder is a bona fide commitment fee and is intended as reasonable compensation to the Lenders for committing to make funds available to the Borrower as described herein and for no other purposes.

(c)         Letter of Credit Fees.  The Borrower agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Lender a letter of credit fee at a rate per annum equal to the Applicable Margin for Revolving Loans that are LIBOR Loans times the daily average Stated Amount of each Letter of Credit for the period from and including the date of issuance of such Letter of Credit (x) to and including the date such Letter of Credit expires or is cancelled or terminated or (y) to but excluding the date such Letter of Credit is drawn in full; provided, however, notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, while any Event of Default exists, such letter of credit fees shall accrue at the Post-Default Rate.  In addition to such fees, the Borrower shall pay to each Issuing Bank solely for its own account, a fronting fee in respect of each Letter of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank equal to one-eighth of one percent (0.125%) of the initial Stated Amount of such Letter of Credit; provided,  however, in no event shall the aggregate amount of such fee in respect of any Letter of Credit be less than $500.  The fees provided for in this subsection shall be nonrefundable and payable, in the case of the fee provided for in the first sentence, in arrears (i) quarterly on the first day of each January, April, July and October, (ii) on the Revolving Termination Date, (iii) on the date the Revolving Commitments are terminated or reduced to zero and (iv) thereafter from time to time on demand of the Administrative Agent and in the case of the fee provided for in the second sentence, at the time of issuance of such Letter of Credit.  The Borrower shall pay directly to the applicable Issuing Bank from time to time on demand all commissions, charges, costs and expenses in the amounts customarily charged or incurred by such Issuing Bank from time to time in like circumstances with respect to the issuance, amendment, renewal or extension of any Letter of Credit or any other transaction relating thereto.

(d)         Bid Rate Loan Fees.  The Borrower agrees to pay to the Administrative Agent such fees for services rendered by the Administrative Agent in connection with the Bid Rate Loans as shall be separately agreed upon between the Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

(e)         Revolving Credit Extension Fee.  Each time the Borrower exercises its right to extend the Revolving Termination Date in accordance with Section 2.14., the Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Revolving Lender a fee equal to one-sixteenth

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of one percent (0.0625%) of the amount of such Revolving Lender’s Revolving Commitment (whether or not utilized).  Such fee shall be paid to the Administrative Agent prior to, and as a condition to, the effective date of such extension.

(f)         Administrative and Other Fees.  The Borrower agrees to pay the administrative and other fees payable to the Administrative Agent and the Titled Agents as provided in the applicable Fee Letters and as may be otherwise agreed to in writing from time to time by the Borrower and the Administrative Agent.

Section 3.6.       Computations.

Unless otherwise expressly set forth herein, any accrued interest on any Loan, any Fees or any other Obligations due hereunder shall be computed on the basis of a year of 360 days and the actual number of days elapsed.

Section 3.7.       Usury.

In no event shall the amount of interest due or payable on the Loans or other Obligations exceed the maximum rate of interest allowed by Applicable Law and, if any such payment is paid by the Borrower or any other Loan Party or received by any Lender, then such excess sum shall be credited as a payment of principal, unless the Borrower shall notify the respective Lender in writing that the Borrower elects to have such excess sum returned to it forthwith.  It is the express intent of the parties hereto that the Borrower not pay and the Lenders not receive, directly or indirectly, in any manner whatsoever, interest in excess of that which may be lawfully paid by the Borrower under Applicable Law.  The parties hereto hereby agree and stipulate that the only charge imposed upon the Borrower for the use of money in connection with this Agreement is and shall be the interest specifically described in Section 2.6.(a)(i) through (iv) and, with respect to Swingline Loans, in Section 2.5.(c).  Notwithstanding the foregoing, the parties hereto further agree and stipulate that all agency fees, syndication fees, facility fees, closing fees, letter of credit fees, underwriting fees, default charges, late charges, funding or “breakage” charges, increased cost charges, attorneys’ fees and reimbursement for costs and expenses paid by the Administrative Agent or any Lender to third parties or for damages incurred by the Administrative Agent or any Lender, in each case, in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, are charges made to compensate the Administrative Agent or any such Lender for underwriting or administrative services and costs or losses performed or incurred, and to be performed or incurred, by the Administrative Agent and the Lenders in connection with this Agreement and shall under no circumstances be deemed to be charges for the use of money.  All charges other than charges for the use of money shall be fully earned and nonrefundable when due.

Section 3.8.       Statements of Account.

The Administrative Agent will account to the Borrower monthly with a statement of Loans, accrued interest and Fees, charges and payments made pursuant to this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and such account rendered by the Administrative Agent shall be deemed conclusive upon the Borrower absent manifest error.  The failure of the Administrative Agent to deliver such a statement of accounts shall not relieve or discharge the Borrower from any of its obligations hereunder.

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Section 3.9.       Defaulting Lenders.

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, if any Lender becomes a Defaulting Lender, then, until such time as such Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, to the extent permitted by Applicable Law:

(a)         Waivers and Amendments.  Such Defaulting Lender’s right to approve or disapprove any amendment, waiver or consent with respect to this Agreement shall be restricted as set forth in the definitions of Requisite Lenders and Requisite Class Lenders and in Section 12.6.

(b)         Defaulting Lender Waterfall.  Any payment of principal, interest, Fees or other amounts received by the Administrative Agent for the account of such Defaulting Lender (whether voluntary or mandatory, at maturity, pursuant to Article X. or otherwise) or received by the Administrative Agent from a Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 12.3. shall be applied at such time or times as may be determined by the Administrative Agent as follows: first, to the payment of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Administrative Agent hereunder; second, in the case of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, to the payment on a pro rata basis of any amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender to the Issuing Banks and the Swingline Lenders hereunder; third, in the case of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, to Cash Collateralize the Issuing Banks’ Fronting Exposures with respect to such Defaulting Lender in accordance with subsection (e) below; fourth, as the Borrower may request (so long as no Default or Event of Default exists), to the funding of any Loan in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has failed to fund its portion thereof as required by this Agreement, as determined by the Administrative Agent; fifth, if so determined by the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, to be held in a deposit account and released pro rata in order to (x) satisfy such Defaulting Lender’s potential future funding obligations with respect to Loans under this Agreement and (y) in the case of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, Cash Collateralize the Issuing Banks’ future Fronting Exposures with respect to such Defaulting Lender with respect to future Letters of Credit issued under this Agreement, in accordance with subsection (e) below; sixth, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Lenders, the Issuing Banks or the Swingline Lenders as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by any Lender, any Issuing Bank or any Swingline Lender against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; seventh, so long as no Default or Event of Default exists, to the payment of any amounts owing to the Borrower as a result of any judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction obtained by the Borrower against such Defaulting Lender as a result of such Defaulting Lender’s breach of its obligations under this Agreement; and eighth, to such Defaulting Lender or as otherwise directed by a court of competent jurisdiction; provided that if (x) such payment is a payment of the principal amount of any Loans of any Class or amounts owing by such Defaulting Lender under Section 2.4.(j) in respect of Letters of Credit (such amounts “L/C Disbursements”), in respect of which such Defaulting Lender has not fully funded its appropriate share, and (y) such Loans were made or the related Letters of Credit were issued at a time when the conditions set forth in Article V. were satisfied or waived, such payment shall be applied solely to pay the Loans of such Class of, and L/C Disbursements owed to, all Non-Defaulting Lenders of the applicable Class on a pro rata basis prior to being applied to the payment of any Loans of, or L/C Disbursements owed to, such Defaulting Lender until such time as all Loans of such Class and, as applicable, funded and unfunded participations in Letter of Credit Liabilities and Swingline Loans are held by the Revolving Lenders pro rata in accordance with their respective Revolving

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Commitment Percentages (determined without giving effect to the immediately following subsection (d)) and all Term Loans are held by the Term Loan Lenders pro rata as if there had been no Defaulting Lenders that are Term Loan Lenders.  Any payments, prepayments or other amounts paid or payable to a Defaulting Lender that are applied (or held) to pay amounts owed by a Defaulting Lender or to post Cash Collateral pursuant to this subsection shall be deemed paid to and redirected by such Defaulting Lender, and each Lender irrevocably consents hereto.

(c)         Certain Fees.

(i)          No Revolving Lender that is a Defaulting Lender shall be entitled to receive any Fee payable under Section 3.5.(b) for any period during which that Lender is a Defaulting Lender (and the Borrower shall not be required to pay any such fee that otherwise would have been required to have been paid to that Defaulting Lender).

(ii)         Each Revolving Lender that is a Defaulting Lender shall be entitled to receive the Fee payable under Section 3.5.(c) for any period during which that Lender is a Defaulting Lender only to the extent allocable to its Revolving Commitment Percentage of the stated amount of Letters of Credit for which it has provided Cash Collateral pursuant to the immediately following subsection (e).

(iii)       With respect to any Fee not required to be paid to any Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender pursuant to the immediately preceding clause (i), the Borrower shall (x) pay to each Non-Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender that portion of any such Fee otherwise payable to such Defaulting Lender with respect to such Defaulting Lender’s participation in Letter of Credit Liabilities or Swingline Loans that has been reallocated to such Non-Defaulting Lender pursuant to the immediately following subsection (d), (y) pay to each Issuing Bank and each Swingline Lender, as applicable, the amount of any such Fee otherwise payable to such Defaulting Lender to the extent allocable to such Issuing Bank’s or Swingline Lender’s Fronting Exposure to such Defaulting Lender, and (z) not be required to pay the remaining amount of any such Fee.

(d)         Reallocation of Participations to Reduce Fronting Exposure.  In the case of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, all or any part of such Defaulting Lender’s participation in Letter of Credit Liabilities and Swingline Loans shall be reallocated among the Non-Defaulting Lenders that are Revolving Lenders in accordance with their respective Revolving Commitment Percentages (determined without regard to such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment) but only to the extent that (x) the conditions set forth in Article V. are satisfied at the time of such reallocation (and, unless the Borrower shall have otherwise notified the Administrative Agent at such time, the Borrower shall be deemed to have represented and warranted that such conditions are satisfied at such time), and (y) such reallocation does not cause the aggregate Revolving Credit Exposure of any Non-Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender to exceed such Non-Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment.  Subject to Section 12.20., no reallocation hereunder shall constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder against a Defaulting Lender arising from that Revolving Lender having become a Defaulting Lender, including any claim of a Non-Defaulting Lender as a result of such Non-Defaulting Lender’s increased exposure following such reallocation.

(e)         Cash Collateral, Repayment of Swingline Loans.

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(i)          If the reallocation described in the immediately preceding subsection (d) above cannot, or can only partially, be effected, the Borrower shall, without prejudice to any right or remedy available to it hereunder or under law, (x) first, prepay Swingline Loans in an amount equal to the Swingline Lenders’ Fronting Exposures and (y) second, Cash Collateralize each Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure in accordance with the procedures set forth in this subsection.

(ii)         At any time that there shall exist a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, within 2 Business Days following the written request of the Administrative Agent or an Issuing Bank (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), the Borrower shall Cash Collateralize such Issuing Bank’s Fronting Exposure with respect to such Defaulting Lender (determined after giving effect to the immediately preceding subsection (d) and any Cash Collateral provided by such Defaulting Lender) in an amount not less than the aggregate Fronting Exposure of such Issuing Bank with respect to Letters of Credit issued by such Issuing Bank and outstanding at such time.

(iii)       The Borrower, and to the extent provided by any Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, such Defaulting Lender, hereby grant to the Administrative Agent, for the benefit of the Issuing Banks, and agree to maintain, a first priority security interest in all such Cash Collateral as security for the obligation of Defaulting Lenders’ that are Revolving Lenders to fund participations in respect of Letter of Credit Liabilities, to be applied pursuant to the immediately following clause (iv).  If at any time the Administrative Agent determines that Cash Collateral is subject to any right or claim of any Person other than the Administrative Agent and the Issuing Banks as herein provided, or that the total amount of such Cash Collateral is less than the aggregate Fronting Exposure of the Issuing Banks with respect to Letters of Credit issued and outstanding at such time, the Borrower will, promptly upon demand by the Administrative Agent, pay or provide to the Administrative Agent additional Cash Collateral in an amount sufficient to eliminate such deficiency (after giving effect to any Cash Collateral provided by the Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender).

(iv)        Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Agreement, Cash Collateral provided under this Section in respect of Letters of Credit shall be applied to the satisfaction of the obligation of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender to fund participations in respect of Letter of Credit Liabilities (including, as to Cash Collateral provided by a Defaulting Lender, any interest accrued on such obligation) for which the Cash Collateral was so provided, prior to any other application of such property as may otherwise be provided for herein.

(v)         Cash Collateral (or the appropriate portion thereof) provided to reduce the Issuing Banks’ Fronting Exposures shall no longer be required to be held as Cash Collateral pursuant to this subsection following (x) the elimination of the applicable Fronting Exposure (including by the termination of Defaulting Lender status of the applicable Revolving Lender), or (y) the determination by the Administrative Agent and the Issuing Banks with Letters of Credit still outstanding that there exists excess Cash Collateral; provided that, subject to the immediately preceding subsection (b), the Person providing Cash Collateral and the Issuing Banks may (but shall not be obligated to) agree that Cash

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Collateral shall be held to support future anticipated Fronting Exposure or other obligations and to the extent that such Cash Collateral was provided by the Borrower, such Cash Collateral shall remain subject to the security interest granted pursuant to the Loan Documents.

(f)         Defaulting Lender Cure.  If the Borrower and the Administrative Agent, and solely in the case of a Defaulting Lender that is a Revolving Lender, the Swingline Lenders and the Issuing Banks, agree in writing that a Lender is no longer a Defaulting Lender, the Administrative Agent will so notify the parties hereto, whereupon as of the effective date specified in such notice and subject to any conditions set forth therein (which may include arrangements with respect to any Cash Collateral), that Lender will, to the extent applicable, purchase at par that portion of outstanding Loans of the other Lenders or take such other actions as the Administrative Agent may determine to be necessary to cause, as applicable (i) the Revolving Loans and funded and unfunded participations in Letters of Credit and Swingline Loans to be held pro rata by the Revolving Lenders in accordance with their respective Revolving Commitment Percentages (determined without giving effect to the immediately preceding subsection (d)) and (ii) the Term Loans to be held by the Term Loan Lenders pro rata as if there had been no Defaulting Lenders of such Class, whereupon such Lender will cease to be a Defaulting Lender; provided that no adjustments will be made retroactively with respect to Fees accrued or payments made by or on behalf of the Borrower while that Lender was a Defaulting Lender; and provided, further, that except to the extent otherwise expressly agreed by the affected parties, no change hereunder from Defaulting Lender to Lender will constitute a waiver or release of any claim of any party hereunder arising from that Lender’s having been a Defaulting Lender.

(g)         New Swingline Loans/Letters of Credit.  So long as any Revolving Lender is a Defaulting Lender, (i) no Swingline Lender shall be required to fund any Swingline Loans unless it is satisfied that it will have no Fronting Exposure after giving effect to such Swingline Loan and (ii) no Issuing Bank shall be required to issue, extend, renew or increase any Letter of Credit unless it is satisfied that it will have no Fronting Exposure after giving effect thereto.

Section 3.10.     Taxes.

(a)         Issuing Banks.  For purposes of this Section, the term “Lender” includes each Issuing Bank and the term “Applicable Law” includes FATCA.

(b)         Payments Free of Taxes.  Any and all payments by or on account of any obligation of the Borrower or any other Loan Party under any Loan Document shall be made without deduction or withholding for any Taxes, except as required by Applicable Law.  If any Applicable Law (as determined in the good faith discretion of an applicable Withholding Agent) requires the deduction or withholding of any Tax from any such payment by a Withholding Agent, then the applicable Withholding Agent shall be entitled to make such deduction or withholding and shall timely pay the full amount deducted or withheld to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law and, if such Tax is an Indemnified Tax, then the sum payable by the Borrower or other applicable Loan Party shall be increased as necessary so that after such deduction or withholding has been made (including such deductions and withholdings applicable to additional sums payable under this Section) the applicable Recipient receives an amount equal to the sum it would have received had no such deduction or withholding been made.

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(c)         Payment of Other Taxes by the Borrower.  The Borrower and the other Loan Parties shall timely pay to the relevant Governmental Authority in accordance with Applicable Law, or at the option of the Administrative Agent timely reimburse it for the payment of, any Other Taxes.

(d)         Indemnification by the Borrower.  The Borrower and the other Loan Parties shall jointly and severally indemnify each Recipient, within 10 days after demand therefor, for the full amount of any Indemnified Taxes (including Indemnified Taxes imposed or asserted on or attributable to amounts payable under this Section) payable or paid by such Recipient or required to be withheld or deducted from a payment to such Recipient and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Indemnified Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority.  A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to the Borrower by a Lender (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), or by the Administrative Agent on its own behalf or on behalf of a Lender, shall be conclusive absent manifest error.

(e)         Indemnification by the Lenders.  Each Lender shall severally indemnify the Administrative Agent, within 10 days after demand therefor, for (i) any Indemnified Taxes attributable to such Lender (but only to the extent that the Borrower or another Loan Party has not already indemnified the Administrative Agent for such Indemnified Taxes and without limiting the obligation of the Borrower and the other Loan Parties to do so), (ii) any Taxes attributable to such Lender’s failure to comply with the provisions of Section 12.5. relating to the maintenance of a Participant Register and (iii) any Excluded Taxes attributable to such Lender, in each case, that are payable or paid by the Administrative Agent in connection with any Loan Document, and any reasonable expenses arising therefrom or with respect thereto, whether or not such Taxes were correctly or legally imposed or asserted by the relevant Governmental Authority.  A certificate as to the amount of such payment or liability delivered to any Lender by the Administrative Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error.  Each Lender hereby authorizes the Administrative Agent to set off and apply any and all amounts at any time owing to such Lender under any Loan Document or otherwise payable by the Administrative Agent to the Lender from any other source against any amount due to the Administrative Agent under this subsection.  The provisions of this subsection shall continue to inure to the benefit of an Administrative Agent following its resignation or removal as Administrative Agent.

(f)         Evidence of Payments.  As soon as practicable after any payment of Taxes by the Borrower or any other Loan Party to a Governmental Authority pursuant to this Section, the Borrower or such other Loan Party shall deliver to the Administrative Agent the original or a certified copy of a receipt issued by such Governmental Authority evidencing such payment, a copy of the return reporting such payment or other evidence of such payment reasonably satisfactory to the Administrative Agent.

(g)         Status of Lenders.

(i)          Any Lender that is entitled to an exemption from or reduction of withholding Tax with respect to payments made under any Loan Document shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent, at the time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, such properly completed and executed documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will

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permit such payments to be made without withholding or at a reduced rate of withholding.  In addition, any Lender, if reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent, shall deliver such other documentation prescribed by Applicable Law or reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as will enable the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine whether or not such Lender is subject to backup withholding or information reporting requirements.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the preceding two sentences, the completion, execution and submission of such documentation (other than such documentation set forth in the immediately following clauses (ii)(A), (ii)(B) and (ii)(D)) shall not be required if in the Lender’s reasonable judgment such completion, execution or submission would subject such Lender to any material unreimbursed cost or expense or would materially prejudice the legal or commercial position of such Lender.

(ii)         Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, in the event that the Borrower is a U.S. Person:

(A)        any Lender that is a U.S. Person shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent on or prior to the date on which such Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of an executed IRS Form W-9 (or any successor form) certifying that such Lender is exempt from U.S. federal backup withholding tax;

(B)        any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), whichever of the following is applicable:

(I)         in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of an income tax treaty to which the United States is a party (x) with respect to payments of interest under any Loan Document, an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of an executed IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, as applicable, establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “interest” article of such tax treaty and (y) with respect to any other applicable payments under any Loan Document, IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, as applicable, establishing an exemption from, or reduction of, U.S. federal withholding Tax pursuant to the “business profits” or “other income” article of such tax treaty;

(II)        an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of an executed IRS Form W-8ECI;

(III)       in the case of a Foreign Lender claiming the benefits of the exemption for portfolio interest under Section 881(c) of the Internal

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Revenue Code, (x) a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit Q-1 to the effect that such Foreign Lender is not a “bank” within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, a “10 percent shareholder” of the Borrower within the meaning of Section 881(c)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, or a “controlled foreign corporation” described in Section 881(c)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code (a “U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate”) and (y) an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, as applicable,; or

(IV)       to the extent a Foreign Lender is not the beneficial owner, an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of an executed IRS Form W-8IMY, accompanied by IRS Form W-8ECI, IRS Form W-8BEN or W-8BEN-E, as applicable, a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit Q-2 or Exhibit Q-3, IRS Form W- 9, and/or other certification documents from each beneficial owner, as applicable; provided that if the Foreign Lender is a partnership and one or more direct or indirect partners of such Foreign Lender are claiming the portfolio interest exemption, such Foreign Lender may provide a U.S. Tax Compliance Certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit Q-4 on behalf of each such direct and indirect partner;

(C)        any Foreign Lender shall, to the extent it is legally entitled to do so, deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent (in such number of copies as shall be requested by the recipient) on or prior to the date on which such Foreign Lender becomes a Lender under this Agreement (and from time to time thereafter upon the reasonable request of the Borrower or the Administrative Agent), an electronic copy (or an original if requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent) of any other form prescribed by Applicable Law as a basis for claiming exemption from or a reduction in U.S. federal withholding Tax, duly completed, together with such supplementary documentation as may be prescribed by Applicable Law to permit the Borrower or the Administrative Agent to determine the withholding or deduction required to be made; and

(D)        if a payment made to a Lender under any Loan Document would be subject to U.S. federal withholding Tax imposed by FATCA if such Lender were to fail to comply with the applicable reporting requirements of FATCA (including those contained in Section 1471(b) or 1472(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, as applicable), such Lender shall deliver to the Borrower and the Administrative Agent at the time or times prescribed by Applicable Law and at such time or times reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent such documentation prescribed by Applicable Law (including as prescribed by Section 1471(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code) and such additional documentation reasonably requested by the Borrower or the Administrative Agent as may be necessary for the Borrower and the Administrative Agent to comply with their obligations under FATCA and to determine that such Lender has complied with such Lender’s obligations under FATCA or to determine the amount to deduct and

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withhold from such payment.  Solely for purposes of this clause (D), “FATCA” shall include any amendments made to FATCA after the date of this Agreement.

Each Lender agrees that if any form or certification it previously delivered expires or becomes obsolete or inaccurate in any respect, it shall update such form or certification or promptly notify the Borrower and the Administrative Agent in writing of its legal inability to do so.

(h)         Treatment of Certain Refunds.  If any party determines, in its sole discretion exercised in good faith, that it has received a refund of any Taxes as to which it has been indemnified pursuant to this Section (including by the payment of additional amounts pursuant to this Section), it shall pay to the indemnifying party an amount equal to such refund (but only to the extent of indemnity payments made under this Section with respect to the Taxes giving rise to such refund), net of all out-of-pocket expenses (including Taxes) of such indemnified party and without interest (other than any interest paid by the relevant Governmental Authority with respect to such refund).  Such indemnifying party, upon the request of such indemnified party, shall repay to such indemnified party the amount paid over pursuant to this subsection (plus any penalties, interest or other charges imposed by the relevant Governmental Authority) in the event that such indemnified party is required to repay such refund to such Governmental Authority.  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this subsection, in no event will the indemnified party be required to pay any amount to an indemnifying party pursuant to this subsection the payment of which would place the indemnified party in a less favorable net after-Tax position than the indemnified party would have been in if the Tax subject to indemnification and giving rise to such refund had not been deducted, withheld or otherwise imposed and the indemnification payments or additional amounts with respect to such Tax had never been paid.  This subsection shall not be construed to require any indemnified party to make available its Tax returns (or any other information relating to its Taxes that it deems confidential) to the indemnifying party or any other Person.

(i)          Survival.  Each party’s obligations under this Section shall survive the resignation or replacement of the Administrative Agent or any assignment of rights by, or the replacement of, a Lender, the termination of the Commitments and the repayment, satisfaction or discharge of all obligations under any Loan Document.

ARTICLE IV. YIELD PROTECTION, ETC.

Section 4.1.       Additional Costs; Capital Adequacy.

(a)         Capital Adequacy.  If any Lender determines that any Regulatory Change affecting such Lender or any lending office of such Lender or such Lender’s holding company, if any, regarding capital or liquidity ratios or requirements, has or would have the effect of reducing the rate of return on such Lender’s capital or on the capital of such Lender’s holding company, if any, as a consequence of this Agreement, the Commitments of such Lender or the Loans made by, or participations in Letters of Credit or Swingline Loans held by, such Lender, to a level below that which such Lender or such Lender’s holding company could have achieved but for such Regulatory Change (taking into consideration such Lender’s policies and the policies of such Lender’s holding company with respect to capital adequacy), then from time to time the Borrower will pay to such Lender such additional amount or amounts as will compensate such Lender or such Lender’s holding company for any such reduction suffered.

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(b)         Additional Costs.  In addition to, and not in limitation of the immediately preceding subsection, the Borrower shall promptly pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of a Lender from time to time such amounts as such Lender may determine to be necessary to compensate such Lender for any costs incurred by such Lender that it determines are attributable to its making or maintaining of any LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans or its obligation to make any LIBOR Loans hereunder, any reduction in any amount receivable by such Lender under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents in respect of any of such LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans or such obligation or the maintenance by such Lender of capital in respect of its LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans or its Commitments (such increases in costs and reductions in amounts receivable being herein called “Additional Costs”), resulting from any Regulatory Change that:

(i)          changes the basis of taxation of any amounts payable to such Lender under this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents in respect of any of such LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans or its Commitments (other than Indemnified Taxes, Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and Connection Income Taxes);

(ii)         imposes or modifies any reserve, special deposit, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirements (other than Regulation D of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System or other similar reserve requirement applicable to any other category of liabilities or category of extensions of credit or other assets by reference to which the interest rate on LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans is determined to the extent utilized when determining LIBOR for such Loans) relating to any extensions of credit or other assets of, or any deposits with or other liabilities of, or other credit extended by, or any other acquisition of funds by such Lender (or its parent corporation), or any commitment of such Lender (including, without limitation, the Commitments of such Lender hereunder); or

(iii)       imposes on any Lender or the London interbank market any other condition, cost or expense (other than Taxes) affecting this Agreement or the Loans made by such Lender.

(c)         Lender’s Suspension of LIBOR Loans and LIBOR Margin Loans.  Without limiting the effect of the provisions of the immediately preceding subsections (a) and (b), if by reason of any Regulatory Change, any Lender either (i) incurs Additional Costs based on or measured by the excess above a specified level of the amount of a category of deposits or other liabilities of such Lender that includes deposits by reference to which the interest rate on LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans is determined as provided in this Agreement or a category of extensions of credit or other assets of such Lender that includes LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans or (ii) becomes subject to restrictions on the amount of such a category of liabilities or assets that it may hold, then, if such Lender so elects by notice to the Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent), the obligation of such Lender to make or Continue, or to Convert Base Rate Loans into, LIBOR Loans and/or the obligation of a Revolving Lender that has outstanding a Bid Rate Quote to make LIBOR Margin Loans hereunder shall be suspended until such Regulatory Change ceases to be in effect (in which case the provisions of Section 4.5. shall apply).

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(d)         Additional Costs in Respect of Letters of Credit.  Without limiting the obligations of the Borrower under the preceding subsections of this Section (but without duplication), if as a result of any Regulatory Change or any risk-based capital guideline or other requirement heretofore or hereafter issued by any Governmental Authority there shall be imposed, modified or deemed applicable any Tax (other than Indemnified Taxes, Taxes described in clauses (b) through (d) of the definition of Excluded Taxes and Connection Income Taxes), reserve, special deposit, capital adequacy or similar requirement against or with respect to or measured by reference to Letters of Credit and the result shall be to increase the cost to an Issuing Bank of issuing (or any Revolving Lender of purchasing participations in) or maintaining its obligation hereunder to issue (or purchase participations in) any Letter of Credit or reduce any amount receivable by such Issuing Bank or any Revolving Lender hereunder in respect of any Letter of Credit, then, upon demand by such Issuing Bank or such Lender, the Borrower shall pay promptly, and in any event within 3 Business Days of demand, to such Issuing Bank or, in the case of such Revolving Lender, to the Administrative Agent for the account of such Revolving Lender, from time to time as specified by such Issuing Bank or such Revolving Lender, such additional amounts as shall be sufficient to compensate such Issuing Bank or such Revolving Lender for such increased costs or reductions in amount.

(e)         Notification and Determination of Additional Costs.  Each of the Administrative Agent, each Issuing Bank and each Lender, as the case may be, agrees to notify the Borrower (and in the case of an Issuing Bank and or a Lender, to notify the Administrative Agent) of any event occurring after the Agreement Date entitling the Administrative Agent, such Issuing Bank or such Lender to compensation under any of the preceding subsections of this Section as promptly as practicable; provided, however, that the failure of the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender to give such notice shall not release the Borrower from any of its obligations hereunder.  The Administrative Agent, each Issuing Bank and each Lender, as the case may be, agrees to furnish to the Borrower (and in the case of an Issuing Bank or a Lender to the Administrative Agent as well) a certificate setting forth the basis and amount of each request for compensation under this Section.  Determinations by the Administrative Agent, such Issuing Bank or such Lender, as the case may be, of the effect of any Regulatory Change shall be conclusive and binding for all purposes, absent manifest error and provided that such determinations are made on a reasonable basis and in good faith.  The Borrower shall pay the Administrative Agent, any such Issuing Bank or any such Lender, as the case may be, the amount shown as due on any such certificate within 10 days after receipt thereof.

Section 4.2.       Suspension of LIBOR Loans and LIBOR Margin Loans.

Anything herein to the contrary notwithstanding, unless and until a Replacement Rate is implemented in accordance with Section 4.5(c), if, on or prior to the determination of LIBOR for any Interest Period:

(a)         the Administrative Agent shall determine (which determination shall be conclusive) that reasonable and adequate means do not exist for the ascertaining LIBOR for such Interest Period;

(b)         the Administrative Agent reasonably determines (which determination shall be conclusive) that quotations of interest rates for the relevant deposits referred to in the

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definition of LIBOR are not being provided in the relevant amounts or for the relevant maturities for purposes of determining rates of interest for LIBOR Loans as provided herein;

(c)         the Administrative Agent reasonably determines (which determination shall be conclusive) that the relevant rates of interest referred to in the definition of LIBOR upon the basis of which the rate of interest for LIBOR Loans for such Interest Period is to be determined are not likely to adequately cover the cost to any Lender of making or maintaining LIBOR Loans for such Interest Period; or

(d)         any Revolving Lender that has outstanding a Bid Rate Quote with respect to a LIBOR Margin Loan reasonably determines (which determination shall be conclusive) that LIBOR will not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Revolving Lender of making or maintaining such LIBOR Margin Loan;

then the Administrative Agent shall give the Borrower and each Lender prompt notice thereof and, so long as such condition remains in effect, (i) the Lenders shall be under no obligation to, and shall not, make additional LIBOR Loans, Continue LIBOR Loans or Convert Loans into LIBOR Loans and the Borrower shall, on the last day of each current Interest Period for each outstanding LIBOR Loan, either prepay such Loan or Convert such Loan into a Base Rate Loan and (ii) in the case of clause (d) above, no Revolving Lender that has outstanding a Bid Rate Quote with respect to a LIBOR Margin Loan shall be under any obligation to make such Loan.

Section 4.3.       Illegality.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this Agreement, (a) if any Lender shall determine (which determination shall be conclusive and binding) that it is unlawful for such Lender to honor its obligation to make or maintain LIBOR Loans hereunder and/or (b) if any Lender that has an outstanding Bid Rate Quote shall determine (which determination shall be conclusive and binding) that it is unlawful for such Lender to honor its obligation to make or maintain LIBOR Margin Loans hereunder, then such Lender shall promptly notify the Borrower thereof (with a copy of such notice to the Administrative Agent) and such Lender’s obligation to make or Continue, or to Convert Loans of any other Type into, LIBOR Loans shall be suspended and/or such Lender’s obligation to make LIBOR Margin Loans shall be suspended, in each case, until such time as such Lender may again make and maintain LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans (in which case the provisions of Section 4.5. shall be applicable).

Section 4.4.       Compensation.

The Borrower shall pay to the Administrative Agent for the account of each Lender, upon the request of the Administrative Agent, such amount or amounts as the Administrative Agent shall determine in its sole discretion shall be sufficient to compensate such Lender for any loss, cost or expense attributable to:

(a)         any payment or prepayment (whether mandatory or optional) of a LIBOR Loan or a Bid Rate Loan, or Conversion of a LIBOR Loan, made by such Lender for any reason (including, without limitation, acceleration) on a date other than the last day of the Interest Period for such Loan; or

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(b)         any failure by the Borrower for any reason (including, without limitation, the failure of any of the applicable conditions precedent specified in Section 5.2. to be satisfied) to borrow a LIBOR Loan or a Bid Rate Loan from such Lender on the date for such borrowing, or to Convert a Base Rate Loan into a LIBOR Loan or Continue a LIBOR Loan on the requested date of such Conversion or Continuation.

Not in limitation of the foregoing, such compensation shall include, without limitation, (i) in the case of a LIBOR Loan, an amount equal to the then present value of (A) the amount of interest that would have accrued on such LIBOR Loan for the remainder of the Interest Period at the rate applicable to such LIBOR Loan, less (B) the amount of interest that would accrue on the same LIBOR Loan for the same period if LIBOR were set on the date on which such LIBOR Loan was repaid, prepaid or Converted or the date on which the Borrower failed to borrow, Convert or Continue such LIBOR Loan, as applicable, calculating present value by using as a discount rate LIBOR quoted on such date and (ii) in the case of a Bid Rate Loan, the sum of such losses and expenses as the Lender or Designated Lender who made such Bid Rate Loan may reasonably incur by reason of such prepayment, including without limitation any losses or expenses incurred in obtaining, liquidating or employing deposits from third parties.  Upon the Borrower’s request, the Administrative Agent shall provide the Borrower with a statement setting forth the basis for requesting such compensation and the method for determining the amount thereof.  Any such statement shall be conclusive absent manifest error, provided such determinations are made on a reasonable basis and in good faith.

Section 4.5.       Treatment of Affected Loans.

(a)         If the obligation of any Lender to make LIBOR Loans or to Continue, or to Convert Base Rate Loans into, LIBOR Loans shall be suspended pursuant to Section 4.1.(c), Section 4.2. or Section 4.3. then such Lender’s LIBOR Loans shall be automatically Converted into Base Rate Loans on the last day(s) of the then current Interest Period(s) for LIBOR Loans (or, in the case of a Conversion required by Section 4.1.(c), Section 4.2., or Section 4.3. on such earlier date as such Lender or the Administrative Agent, as applicable, may specify to the Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent, as applicable)) and, unless and until such Lender or the Administrative Agent, as applicable, gives notice as provided below that the circumstances specified in Section 4.1., Section 4.2. or Section 4.3. that gave rise to such Conversion no longer exist:

(i)          to the extent that such Lender’s LIBOR Loans have been so Converted, all payments and prepayments of principal that would otherwise be applied to such Lender’s LIBOR Loans shall be applied instead to its Base Rate Loans; and

(ii)         all Loans that would otherwise be made or Continued by such Lender as LIBOR Loans shall be made or Continued instead as Base Rate Loans, and all Base Rate Loans of such Lender that would otherwise be Converted into LIBOR Loans shall remain as Base Rate Loans.

If such Lender or the Administrative Agent, as applicable, gives notice to the Borrower (with a copy to the Administrative Agent, as applicable) that the circumstances specified in Section 4.1.(c), 4.2. or 4.3. that gave rise to the Conversion of such Lender’s LIBOR Loans pursuant to this Section no longer exist (which such Lender or the Administrative Agent, as applicable, agrees to do promptly upon such circumstances ceasing to exist) at a time when LIBOR Loans made by other

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Lenders are outstanding, then such Lender’s Base Rate Loans shall be automatically Converted, on the first day(s) of the next succeeding Interest Period(s) for such outstanding LIBOR Loans, to the extent necessary so that, after giving effect thereto, all Loans held by the Lenders holding LIBOR Loans and by such Lender are held pro rata (as to principal amounts, Types and Interest Periods) in accordance with their respective Commitments.

(b)         If the obligation of a Lender to make LIBOR Margin Loans shall be suspended pursuant to Section 4.1.(c) or 4.2., then the LIBOR Margin Loans of such Lender shall be automatically due and payable on such date as such Lender may specify to the Borrower by written notice with a copy to the Administrative Agent

(c)         Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in Section 4.5.(a) above, if the Administrative Agent has made the determination (such determination to be conclusive absent manifest error) that (i) the circumstances described in Section 4.1.(c), 4.2. or 4.3. have arisen and that such circumstances are unlikely to be temporary, (ii) any applicable interest rate specified herein is no longer a widely recognized benchmark rate for newly originated loans in the U.S. syndicated loan market in the applicable currency or (iii) the applicable supervisor or administrator (if any) of any applicable interest rate specified herein or any Governmental Authority having, or purporting to have, jurisdiction over the Administrative Agent has made a public statement identifying a specific date after which any applicable interest rate specified herein shall no longer be used for determining interest rates for loans in the U.S. syndicated loan market in the applicable currency, then the Administrative Agent may, to the extent practicable (in consultation with the Borrower and as determined by the Administrative Agent to be generally in accordance with similar situations in other transactions in which it is serving as administrative agent or otherwise consistent with market practice generally), establish a replacement benchmark interest rate (the “Replacement Rate”), in which case, the Replacement Rate shall, subject to the next two sentences, replace such applicable interest rate for all purposes under the Loan Documents unless and until (A) an event described in Section 4.5.(c)(i), (c)(ii) or (c)(iii) occurs with respect to the Replacement Rate or (B) the Administrative Agent (or the Requisite Lenders through the Administrative Agent) notifies the Borrower that the Replacement Rate does not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to the Lenders of funding the Loans bearing interest at the Replacement Rate. In connection with the establishment and application of the Replacement Rate, this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall be amended solely with the consent of the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, as may be necessary or appropriate, in the opinion of the Administrative Agent and the Borrower, to effect the provisions of this Section 4.5.(c) (including, without limitation, adjustments to the interest rate margins or interest rate benchmark floors to equalize (to the extent practicable), as of the effective date of such amendment, the sum of the Replacement Rate and any applicable interest rate margin with respect thereto (taking into account applicable currencies and/or interest periods) with the sum of the applicable interest rate being replaced with such Replacement Rate and the interest rate margin applicable thereto).  Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Agreement or the other Loan Documents (including, without limitation, Section 12.6.), such amendment shall become effective without any further action or consent of any other party to this Agreement so long as the Administrative Agent shall not have received, within five (5) Business Days of the delivery of such amendment to the Lenders, written notices from such Lenders that in the aggregate constitute Requisite Lenders, with each such notice stating that such Lender objects to such amendment (which such notice shall note with specificity the particular provisions of the amendment to which such Lender objects). To the extent the Replacement Rate is approved in

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connection with this clause (c), the Replacement Rate shall be applied in a manner consistent with market practice; provided that, in each case, to the extent such market practice is not administratively feasible for the Administrative Agent, such Replacement Rate shall be applied as otherwise reasonably determined by the Administrative Agent (it being understood that any such modification by the Administrative Agent shall not require the consent of, or consultation with, any of the Lenders).

Section 4.6.       Affected Lenders.

If (a) a Lender requests compensation pursuant to Section 3.10. or 4.1., and the Requisite Lenders are not also doing the same, or (b) the obligation of any Lender to make LIBOR Loans or to Continue, or to Convert Base Rate Loans into, LIBOR Loans shall be suspended pursuant to Section 4.1.(c) or 4.3. but the obligation of the Requisite Lenders shall not have been suspended under such Sections, then, so long as there does not then exist any Default or Event of Default, the Borrower may demand that such Lender (the “Affected Lender”), and upon such demand the Affected Lender shall promptly, assign its Commitments, if any, and Loans to an Eligible Assignee subject to and in accordance with the provisions of Section 12.5.(b) for a purchase price equal to (x) the aggregate principal balance of all Loans then owing to the Affected Lender, plus (y) in the case of a Revolving Lender, the aggregate amount of payments previously made by the Affected Lender under Section 2.4.(j) that have not been repaid, plus (z) any accrued but unpaid interest thereon and accrued but unpaid fees owing to the Affected Lender, or any other amount as may be mutually agreed upon by such Affected Lender and Eligible Assignee.  Each of the Administrative Agent and the Affected Lender shall reasonably cooperate in effectuating the replacement of such Affected Lender under this Section, but at no time shall the Administrative Agent, such Affected Lender, any other Lender or any Titled Agent be obligated in any way whatsoever to initiate any such replacement or to assist in finding an Eligible Assignee.  The exercise by the Borrower of its rights under this Section shall be at the Borrower’s sole cost and expense and at no cost or expense to the Administrative Agent, the Affected Lender or any of the other Lenders.  The terms of this Section shall not in any way limit the Borrower’s obligation to pay to any Affected Lender compensation owing to such Affected Lender pursuant to this Agreement (including, without limitation, pursuant to Sections 3.10., 4.1. or 4.4.) with respect to any period up to the date of replacement.

Section 4.7.       Change of Lending Office.

Each Lender agrees that it will use reasonable efforts (consistent with its internal policy and legal and regulatory restrictions) to designate an alternate Lending Office with respect to any of its Loans affected by the matters or circumstances described in Sections 3.10., 4.1. or 4.3. to reduce the liability of the Borrower or avoid the results provided thereunder, so long as such designation is not disadvantageous to such Lender as determined by such Lender in its sole discretion, except that such Lender shall have no obligation to designate a Lending Office located in the United States of America.

Section 4.8.       Assumptions Concerning Funding of LIBOR Loans.

Calculation of all amounts payable to a Lender under this Article shall be made as though such Lender had actually funded LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans through the purchase of deposits in the relevant market bearing interest at the rate applicable to such LIBOR Loans or

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LIBOR Margin Loans, in an amount equal to the amount of the LIBOR Loans or LIBOR Margin Loans and having a maturity comparable to the relevant Interest Period; provided, however, that each Lender may fund each of its LIBOR Loans and LIBOR Margin Loans in any manner it sees fit and the foregoing assumption shall be used only for calculation of amounts payable under this Article.

ARTICLE V. CONDITIONS PRECEDENT

Section 5.1.       Initial Conditions Precedent.

The obligation of the Lenders to effect or permit the occurrence of the first Credit Event hereunder, whether as the making of a Loan or the issuance of a Letter of Credit, is subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the following conditions precedent:

(a)         The Administrative Agent shall have received each of the following, in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent:

(i)          counterparts of this Agreement executed by each of the parties hereto;

(ii)         Revolving Notes, Term Notes, Bid Rate Notes and Swingline Notes executed by the Borrower, payable to each applicable Lender (including any Designated Lender, if applicable but excluding any Lender that has requested that it not receive Notes) and complying with the terms of Section 2.12.(a);

(iii)       the Guaranty executed by each of the Guarantors initially to be a party thereto;

(iv)        an opinion of legal counsel to the Borrower and the other Loan Parties, addressed to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders and covering such customary matters as may be required by the Administrative Agent;

(v)         copies of the certificate or articles of incorporation or formation, articles of organization, certificate of limited partnership, declaration of trust or other comparable organizational instrument (if any) of each Loan Party certified as of a recent date by the Secretary of State of the state of formation of such Loan Party;

(vi)        a certificate of good standing (or certificate of similar meaning) with respect to each Loan Party issued as of a recent date by the Secretary of State of the state of formation of each such Loan Party and certificates of qualification to transact business or other comparable certificates issued as of a recent date by each Secretary of State (and any state department of taxation, as applicable) of each state in which such Loan Party is required to be so qualified and where failure to be so qualified could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(vii)       a certificate of incumbency signed by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary (or other individual performing similar functions) of each Loan Party with respect to each of the officers of such Loan Party authorized to execute and deliver the Loan Documents to which such Loan Party is a party, and in the case of the Borrower, currently authorized to execute and deliver on behalf of the Borrower Notices of Borrowing, Notices of

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Swingline Borrowing, requests for Letters of Credit, Notices of Conversion and Notices of Continuation;

(viii)     copies certified by the Secretary or Assistant Secretary (or other individual performing similar functions) of each Loan Party of (A) the by-laws of such Loan Party, if a corporation, the operating agreement, if a limited liability company, the partnership agreement, if a limited or general partnership, or other comparable document in the case of any other form of legal entity and (B) all corporate, partnership, member or other necessary action taken by such Loan Party to authorize the execution, delivery and performance of the Loan Documents to which it is a party;

(ix)        a Compliance Certificate calculated on a pro forma basis for the Borrower’s fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2018;

(x)         a Disbursement Instruction Agreement effective as of the Agreement Date;

(xi)        evidence that all indebtedness, liabilities or obligations owing by the Loan Parties under the Existing Agreement shall have been paid in full and all commitments, if any, thereunder have been terminated;

(xii)       evidence that the Fees, if any, then due and payable under Section 3.5., together with all other fees, expenses and reimbursement amounts due and payable to the Administrative Agent and any of the Lenders, including without limitation, the fees and expenses of counsel to the Administrative Agent, have been paid; and

(xiii)     such other documents, agreements and instruments as the Administrative Agent, or any Lender through the Administrative Agent, may reasonably request;

(b)         there shall not have occurred or become known to the Administrative Agent or any of the Lenders any event, condition, situation or status since the date of the information contained in the financial and business projections, budgets, pro forma data and forecasts concerning the Borrower and its Subsidiaries delivered to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders prior to the Agreement Date that has had or could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect;

(c)         no litigation, action, suit, investigation or other arbitral, administrative or judicial proceeding shall be pending or threatened which could reasonably be expected to (A) result in a Material Adverse Effect or (B) restrain or enjoin, impose materially burdensome conditions on, or otherwise materially and adversely affect, the ability of the Borrower or any other Loan Party to fulfill its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party;

(d)         the Borrower and its Subsidiaries shall have received all approvals, consents and waivers, and shall have made or given all necessary filings and notices as shall be required to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby without the occurrence of any default under, conflict with or violation of (1) any Applicable Law or (2) any agreement, document or instrument to which any Loan Party is a party or by which any of them or their respective properties is bound, except for such approvals, consents, waivers, filings and notices the receipt, making or giving of which could not reasonably be likely to (A) have a Material Adverse Effect, or (B) restrain or enjoin or impose materially burdensome conditions on, or otherwise materially and adversely

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affect the ability of the Borrower or any other Loan Party to fulfill its obligations under the Loan Documents to which it is a party;

(e)         the Borrower and each other Loan Party shall have provided all information requested by the Administrative Agent and each Lender in order to comply with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including, without limitation, the Patriot Act;

(f)         at least five (5) days prior to the Agreement Date, if Borrower qualifies as a “legal entity customer” under the Beneficial Ownership Regulation, then Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent a Beneficial Ownership Certification; and

(g)         there shall not have occurred or exist any other material disruption of financial or capital markets that could reasonably be expected to materially and adversely affect the transactions contemplated by the Loan Documents.

Section 5.2.       Conditions Precedent to All Loans and Letters of Credit.

In addition to satisfaction or waiver of the conditions precedent contained in Section 5.1., the obligations of (i) Lenders to make any Loans and (ii) the Issuing Banks to issue Letters of Credit are each subject to the further conditions precedent that: (a) no Default or Event of Default shall exist as of the date of the making of such Loan or date of issuance of such Letter of Credit or would exist immediately after giving effect thereto, and no violation of the limits described in Section 2.16. would occur after giving effect thereto; (b) the representations and warranties made or deemed made by the Borrower and each other Loan Party in the Loan Documents to which any of them is a party (excluding in the case of any Credit Event occurring after the Effective Date, the representations and warranties contained in clause (i) of Section 6.1.(i), Section 6.1.(l) and Section 6.1(aa)), shall be true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of the date of the making of such Loan or date of issuance of such Letter of Credit with the same force and effect as if made on and as of such date except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate solely to an earlier date (in which case such representations and warranties shall have been true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of such earlier date) and except for changes in factual circumstances specifically and expressly permitted hereunder and (c) in the case of the borrowing of Revolving Loans, the Administrative Agent shall have received a timely Notice of Revolving Borrowing, in the case of a Swingline Loan, the applicable Swingline Lender shall have received a timely Notice of Swingline Borrowing, and in the case of the issuance of a Letter of Credit the applicable Issuing Bank and the Administrative Agent shall have received a timely request for the issuance of such Letter of Credit.  Each Credit Event shall constitute a certification by the Borrower to the effect set forth in the preceding sentence (both as of the date of the giving of notice relating to such Credit Event and, unless the Borrower otherwise notifies the Administrative Agent prior to the date of such Credit Event, as of the date of the occurrence of such Credit Event).  In addition, the Borrower shall be deemed to have represented to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders at the time any Loan is made or any Letter of Credit is issued that all conditions to the making of such Loan or

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issuing of such Letter of Credit contained in this Article V. have been satisfied.  Unless set forth in writing to the contrary, the making of its initial Loan by a Lender shall constitute a certification by such Lender to the Administrative Agent for the benefit of the Administrative Agent and the Lenders that the conditions precedent for initial Loans set forth in Sections 5.1. and 5.2. that have not previously been waived by the Lenders in accordance with the terms of this Agreement have been satisfied.

ARTICLE VI. REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

Section 6.1.       Representations and Warranties.

In order to induce the Administrative Agent and each Lender to enter into this Agreement and to make Loans and, in the case of the Issuing Banks, to issue Letters of Credit, the Borrower represents and warrants to the Administrative Agent, each Issuing Bank and each Lender as follows:

(a)         Organization; Power; Qualification.  Each of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries is a corporation, partnership or other legal entity, duly organized or formed, validly existing and in good standing under the jurisdiction of its incorporation or formation, has the power and authority to own or lease its respective properties and to carry on its respective business as now being and hereafter proposed to be conducted and is duly qualified and is in good standing as a foreign corporation, partnership or other legal entity, and authorized to do business, in each jurisdiction in which the character of its properties or the nature of its business requires such qualification or authorization and where the failure to be so qualified or authorized could reasonably be expected to have, in each instance, a Material Adverse Effect.  None of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is an EEA Financial Institution.

(b)         Ownership Structure.  Part I of Schedule 6.1.(b) is, as of the Agreement Date, a complete and correct list of all Subsidiaries of the Borrower setting forth for each such Subsidiary, (i) the jurisdiction of organization of such Subsidiary, (ii) each Person holding any Equity Interest in such Subsidiary, (iii) the nature of the Equity Interests held by each such Person, (iv) the percentage of ownership of such Subsidiary represented by such Equity Interests and (v) whether such Subsidiary is a Significant Subsidiary.  As of the Agreement Date, except as disclosed in such Schedule, (A) each of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries owns, free and clear of all Liens, and has the unencumbered right to vote, all outstanding Equity Interests in each Person shown to be held by it on such Schedule, (B) all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of each such Person organized as a corporation is validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable and (C) there are no outstanding subscriptions, options, warrants, commitments, preemptive rights or agreements of any kind (including, without limitation, any stockholders’ or voting trust agreements) for the issuance, sale, registration or voting of, or outstanding securities convertible into, any additional shares of capital stock of any class, or partnership or other Equity Interests of any type in, any such Person.  As of the Agreement Date, Part II of Schedule 6.1.(b) correctly sets forth all Unconsolidated Affiliates of the Borrower, including the correct legal name of such Person, the type of legal entity which each such Person is, and all Equity Interests in such Person held directly or indirectly by the Borrower.

(c)         Authorization of Loan Documents and Borrowings.  The Borrower has the right and power, and has taken all necessary action to authorize it, to borrow and obtain other extensions

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of credit hereunder.  The Borrower and each other Loan Party has the right and power, and has taken all necessary action to authorize it, to execute, deliver and perform each of the Loan Documents to which it is a party in accordance with their respective terms and to consummate the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby.  The Loan Documents to which the Borrower or any other Loan Party is a party have been duly executed and delivered by the duly authorized officers of such Person and each is a legal, valid and binding obligation of such Person enforceable against such Person in accordance with its respective terms, except as the same may be limited by bankruptcy, insolvency, and other similar laws affecting the rights of creditors generally and the availability of equitable remedies for the enforcement of certain obligations (other than the payment of principal) contained herein or therein and as may be limited by equitable principles generally.

(d)         Compliance of Loan Documents with Laws.  The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents to which any Loan Party is a party in accordance with their respective terms and the borrowings and other extensions of credit hereunder do not and will not, by the passage of time, the giving of notice, or both: (i) require any Governmental Approval or violate any Applicable Law (including all Environmental Laws) relating to the Borrower or any other Loan Party; (ii) conflict with, result in a breach of or constitute a default under the organizational documents of any Loan Party, or any indenture, agreement or other instrument to which the Borrower or any other Loan Party is a party or by which it or any of its respective properties may be bound; or (iii) result in or require the creation or imposition of any Lien upon or with respect to any property now owned or hereafter acquired by any Loan Party other than in favor of the Administrative Agent for its benefit and the benefit of the other Lender Parties.

(e)         Compliance with Law; Governmental Approvals.  Each of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries is in compliance with each Governmental Approval and all other Applicable Laws relating to it except for noncompliances which, and Governmental Approvals the failure to possess which, could not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to cause a Default or Event of Default or have a Material Adverse Effect.

(f)         Title to Properties; Liens.  Schedule 6.1.(f) is, as of the Agreement Date, a complete and correct listing of all real estate assets of the Borrower and each Subsidiary, setting forth, for each such Property, the current occupancy status of such Property and whether such Property is a Development Property or Renovation Property and, if such Property is a Development Property or Renovation Property, the status of completion of such Property.  Each of the Borrower, each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary has good, marketable and legal title to, or a valid leasehold interest in, its respective assets.

(g)         Existing Debt.  Schedule 6.1.(g) is, as of the Agreement Date, a complete and correct listing of all Debt (including all Guarantees) of each of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries, and if such Debt is secured by any Lien, a description of all of the property subject to such Lien.  As of the Agreement Date, the Borrower and its Subsidiaries have performed and are in compliance with all of the terms of such Debt and all instruments and agreements relating thereto, and no default or event of default, or event or condition which with the giving of notice, the lapse of time, or both, would constitute a default or event of default, exists with respect to any such Debt.

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(h)         Material Contracts.  Each of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries that is party to any Material Contract has performed and is in compliance with all of the terms of such Material Contract, and no default or event of default, or event or condition which with the giving of notice, the lapse of time, or both, would constitute such a default or event of default, exists with respect to any such Material Contract.

(i)          Litigation.  Except as set forth on Schedule 6.1.(i), there are no actions, suits or proceedings pending (nor, to the knowledge of any Loan Party, are there any actions, suits or proceedings threatened, nor is there any basis therefor) against or in any other way relating adversely to or affecting the Borrower, any other Loan Party, any other Subsidiary or any of their respective property in any court or before any arbitrator of any kind or before or by any other Governmental Authority which, (i) could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or (ii) in any manner draws into question the validity or enforceability of any Loan Document.  There are no strikes, slow downs, work stoppages or walkouts or other labor disputes in progress or threatened relating to, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary.

(j)          Taxes.  All federal, state and other tax returns of the Borrower, each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary required by Applicable Law to be filed have been duly filed, and all federal, state and other taxes, assessments and other governmental charges or levies upon, each Loan Party, each other Subsidiary and their respective properties, income, profits and assets which are due and payable have been paid, except any such nonpayment or non-filing which is at the time permitted under Section 7.6.  As of the Agreement Date, none of the United States income tax returns of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is under audit.  All charges, accruals and reserves on the books of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries in respect of any taxes or other governmental charges are in accordance with GAAP.

(k)         Financial Statements.  The Borrower has made available to each Lender copies of (i) the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2016 and December 31, 2017, and the related audited consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income/(loss), changes in equity and cash flows for the fiscal years ended on such dates, with the opinion thereon of Ernst & Young LLP, and (ii) the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2018, and the related unaudited consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income/(loss), changes in equity and cash flows of the Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries for the six month period ended on such date.  Such financial statements (including in each case related schedules and notes, if any) are complete and correct in all material respects and present fairly, in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the periods involved, the consolidated financial position of the Borrower and its consolidated Subsidiaries as at their respective dates and the results of operations and the cash flow for such periods (subject, as to interim statements, to changes resulting from normal year-end audit adjustments and to the addition of footnotes and other presentation items).  Neither the Borrower nor any of its Subsidiaries has on the Agreement Date any material contingent liabilities, liabilities, liabilities for taxes, unusual or long- term commitments or unrealized or forward anticipated losses from any unfavorable commitments that would be required to be set forth in its financial statements or notes thereto, except as referred to or reflected or provided for in the financial statements described in the first sentence of this Section 6.1.(k).

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(l)          No Material Adverse Change.  Since December 31, 2017, there has been no event, change, circumstance or occurrence that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  Each of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries is Solvent.

(m)        ERISA.

(i)          Each Benefit Arrangement is in compliance with the applicable provisions of ERISA, the Internal Revenue Code and other Applicable Laws in all material respects.  Except with respect to Multiemployer Plans, each Qualified Plan (A) has received a favorable determination from the Internal Revenue Service applicable to such Qualified Plan’s current remedial amendment cycle (as defined in Revenue Procedure 2007-44 or “2007-44” for short), (B) has timely filed for a favorable determination letter from the Internal Revenue Service during its staggered remedial amendment cycle (as defined in 2007-44) and such application is currently being processed by the Internal Revenue Service, (C) had filed for a determination letter prior to its “GUST remedial amendment period” (as defined in 2007-44) and received such determination letter and the staggered remedial amendment cycle first following the GUST remedial amendment period for such Qualified Plan has not yet expired, or (D) is maintained under a prototype plan and may rely upon a favorable opinion letter issued by the Internal Revenue Service with respect to such prototype plan.  To the best knowledge of the Borrower, nothing has occurred which would cause the loss of its reliance on each Qualified Plan’s favorable determination letter or opinion letter.

(ii)         With respect to any Benefit Arrangement that is a retiree welfare benefit arrangement, all amounts have been accrued on the applicable ERISA Group’s financial statements in accordance with FASB ASC 715.  The “benefit obligation” of all Plans does not exceed the “fair market value of plan assets” for such Plans by more than $10,000,000 all as determined by and with such terms defined in accordance with FASB ASC 715.

(iii)       Except as could not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect: (A) no ERISA Event has occurred or is expected to occur; (B) there are no pending, or to the best knowledge of the Borrower, threatened, claims, actions or lawsuits or other action by any Governmental Authority, plan participant or beneficiary with respect to a Benefit Arrangement; (C) there are no violations of the fiduciary responsibility rules with respect to any Benefit Arrangement; (D) no member of the ERISA Group has engaged in a non-exempt “prohibited transaction,” as defined in Section 406 of ERISA and Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code, in connection with any Plan, that would subject any member of the ERISA Group to a tax on prohibited transactions imposed by Section 502(i) of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Internal Revenue Code; and (E) no assessment or tax has arisen under Section 4980H of the Internal Revenue Code.

(n)         Absence of Default.  None of the Loan Parties or any of the other Subsidiaries is in default under its certificate or articles of incorporation or formation, bylaws, partnership agreement or other similar organizational documents, and no event has occurred, which has not been remedied, cured or waived: (i) which constitutes a Default or an Event of Default; or (ii) which constitutes, or which with the passage of time, the giving of notice, or both, would constitute, a default or event

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of default by, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary under any agreement (other than this Agreement) or judgment, decree or order to which any such Person is a party or by which any such Person or any of its respective properties may be bound where such default or event of default could, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(o)         Environmental Laws.  Each of the Borrower, each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary: (i) is in compliance with all Environmental Laws applicable to its business, operations and the Properties, (ii) has obtained all Governmental Approvals which are required under Environmental Laws, and each such Governmental Approval is in full force and effect, and (iii) is in compliance with all terms and conditions of such Governmental Approvals, where with respect to each of the immediately preceding clauses (i) through (iii) the failure to obtain or to comply with could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  Except for any of the following matters that could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, no Loan Party has any knowledge of, or has received notice of, any past, present, or pending releases, events, conditions, circumstances, activities, practices, incidents, facts, occurrences, actions, or plans that, with respect to any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary, their respective businesses, operations or with respect to the Properties, may: (x) cause or contribute to an actual or alleged violation of or noncompliance with Environmental Laws, (y) cause or contribute to any other potential common-law or legal claim or other liability, or (z) cause any of the Properties to become subject to any restrictions on ownership, occupancy, use or transferability under any Environmental Law or require the filing or recording of any notice, approval or disclosure document under any Environmental Law and, with respect to the immediately preceding clauses (x) through (z) is based on or related to the on-site or off-site manufacture, generation, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, transport, removal, clean up or handling, or the emission, discharge, release or threatened release of any wastes or Hazardous Material, or any other requirement under Environmental Law.  There is no civil, criminal, or administrative action, suit, demand, claim, hearing, notice, or demand letter, mandate, order, lien, request, investigation, or proceeding pending or, to the Borrower’s knowledge after due inquiry, threatened, against the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary relating in any way to Environmental Laws, which reasonably could be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  None of the Properties is listed on or proposed for listing on the National Priority List promulgated pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 and its implementing regulations, or any state or local priority list promulgated pursuant to any analogous state or local law.  To the Borrower’s knowledge, no Hazardous Materials generated at or transported from the Properties are or have been transported to, or disposed of at, any location that is listed or proposed for listing on the National Priority List or any analogous state or local priority list, or any other location that is or has been the subject of a clean-up, removal or remedial action pursuant to any Environmental Law, except to the extent that such transportation or disposal could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(p)         Investment Company.  None of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is (i) an “investment company” or a company “controlled” by an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, or (ii) subject to any other Applicable Law which purports to regulate or restrict its ability to borrow money or obtain other extensions of credit or to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement or to perform its obligations under any Loan Document to which it is a party.

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(q)         Margin Stock.  None of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is engaged principally, or as one of its important activities, in the business of extending credit for the purpose, whether immediate, incidental or ultimate, of buying or carrying “margin stock” within the meaning of Regulation U of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

(r)         Affiliate Transactions.  Except as permitted by Section 9.8. or as otherwise set forth on Schedule 6.1.(r), none of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is a party to or bound by any agreement or arrangement with any Affiliate.

(s)         Intellectual Property.  Each of the Loan Parties and each other Subsidiary owns or has the right to use, under valid license agreements or otherwise, all patents, licenses, franchises, trademarks, trademark rights, service marks, service mark rights, trade names, trade name rights, trade secrets and copyrights (collectively, “Intellectual Property”) necessary to the conduct of its businesses, without known conflict with any patent, license, franchise, trademark, trademark right, service mark, service mark right, trade secret, trade name, copyright, or other proprietary right of any other Person.  All such Intellectual Property is fully protected and/or duly and properly registered, filed or issued in the appropriate office and jurisdictions for such registrations, filing or issuances to the extent necessary to conduct the business of the applicable Loan Party.  No material claim has been asserted by any Person with respect to the use of any such Intellectual Property by the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary, or challenging or questioning the validity or effectiveness of any such Intellectual Property.  The use of such Intellectual Property by the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries does not infringe on the rights of any Person, subject to such claims and infringements as do not, in the aggregate, give rise to any liabilities on the part of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary that could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(t)          Business.  As of the Agreement Date, the Borrower, the other Loan Parties and the other Subsidiaries are engaged in the business of owning, selling, acquiring, renovating, developing and managing apartment communities, together with other business activities incidental thereto.

(u)         Broker’s Fees.  No broker’s or finder’s fee, commission or similar compensation will be payable with respect to the transactions contemplated hereby.  No other similar fees or commissions will be payable by any Loan Party for any other services rendered to the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary ancillary to the transactions contemplated hereby.

(v)         Accuracy and Completeness of Information.  All written information, reports and other papers and data (other than financial projections and other forward looking statements) furnished to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender by, on behalf of, or at the direction of, the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary were, at the time the same were so furnished, complete and correct in all material respects, or, in the case of financial statements, present fairly, in accordance with GAAP consistently applied throughout the periods involved, the financial position of the Persons involved as at the date thereof and the results of operations for such periods (subject, as to interim statements, to changes resulting from normal year end audit adjustments and absence of full footnote disclosure and presentation items).  All financial projections and other forward looking statements prepared by or on behalf of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary that have been or may hereafter be made

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available to the Administrative Agent or any Lender were or will be prepared in good faith based on reasonable assumptions.  No fact is known to any Loan Party which has had, or may in the future have (so far as any Loan Party can reasonably foresee), a Material Adverse Effect which has not been set forth in the financial statements referred to in Section 6.1.(k) or in such information, reports or other papers or data or otherwise disclosed in writing to the Administrative Agent, the Issuing Banks, and the Lenders.  No document furnished or written statement made by, on behalf of, or at the direction of, any Loan Party to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender in connection with the negotiation, preparation or execution of, or pursuant to, this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents contains or will contain any untrue statement of a material fact, or omits or will omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements contained therein not misleading.

(w)        Not Plan Assets; No Prohibited Transactions.  None of the assets of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary constitutes “plan assets” within the meaning of ERISA, the Internal Revenue Code and the respective regulations promulgated thereunder.  Assuming that no Lender funds any amount payable by it hereunder with “plan assets,” as that term is defined in 29 C.F.R. 2510.3- 101, the execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents, and the extensions of credit and repayment of amounts hereunder, do not and will not constitute “prohibited transactions” under ERISA or the Internal Revenue Code.

(x)         Anti-Corruption Laws and Sanctions.  None of the Borrower, any Subsidiary, or to the knowledge of Borrower or any Subsidiary, any of their respective directors, officers, employees, Affiliates or any agent or representative of the Borrower or any Subsidiary that will act in any capacity in connection with or benefit from this Agreement, (i) is a Sanctioned Person or currently the subject or target of any Sanctions, (ii) has its assets located in a Sanctioned Country, (ii) directly or indirectly derives revenues from investments in, or transactions with, Sanctioned Persons or (iv) has violated any Anti-Money Laundering Law in any material respect.  Each of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries, and to the knowledge of Borrower, each director, officer, employee, agent and Affiliate of Borrower and each such Subsidiary, is in compliance with the Anti-Corruption Laws in all material respects.  The Borrower has implemented and maintains in effect policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with the Anti-Corruption Laws and applicable Sanctions by the Borrower, its Subsidiaries, their respective directors, officers, employees, Affiliates and agents and representatives of the Borrower or any Subsidiary that will act in any capacity in connection with or benefit from this Agreement.

(y)         REIT Status.  The Borrower qualifies as, and has elected to be treated as, a REIT and is in compliance with all requirements and conditions imposed under the Internal Revenue Code to allow the Borrower to maintain its status as a REIT.

(z)         Unencumbered Pool Assets.  As of the Agreement Date, Schedule 6.1.(z) is a correct and complete list of all Unencumbered Pool Assets.  Each of the assets included by the Borrower in calculations of Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool satisfies all of the requirements contained in the definition of “Unencumbered Pool Asset”.

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(aa)       Beneficial Ownership Certification.  As of the Agreement Date, the information included in the Beneficial Ownership Certification (if such certification was required to be delivered by the Administrative Agent) is true and correct in all respects.

Section 6.2.       Survival of Representations and Warranties, Etc.

All statements contained in any certificate, financial statement or other instrument delivered by or on behalf of any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender pursuant to or in connection with this Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents (including, but not limited to, any such statement made in or in connection with any amendment thereto or any statement contained in any certificate, financial statement or other instrument delivered by or on behalf of any Loan Party prior to the Agreement Date and delivered to the Administrative Agent, any Issuing Bank or any Lender in connection with the underwriting or closing the transactions contemplated hereby) shall constitute representations and warranties made by the Borrower under this Agreement.  All representations and warranties made under this Agreement and the other Loan Documents shall be deemed to be made at and as of the Agreement Date, the Effective Date, the date on which any extension of the Revolving Termination Date is effectuated pursuant to Section 2.14., the date on which any increase of the Revolving Commitments is effectuated pursuant to Section 2.17. and at and as of the date of the occurrence of each Credit Event, except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate solely to an earlier date (in which case such representations and warranties shall have been true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of such earlier date) and except for changes in factual circumstances expressly and specifically permitted hereunder.  All such representations and warranties shall survive the effectiveness of this Agreement, the execution and delivery of the Loan Documents and the making of the Loans and the issuance of the Letters of Credit.

ARTICLE VII. AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS

For so long as this Agreement is in effect, the Borrower shall comply with the following covenants:

Section 7.1.       Preservation of Existence and Similar Matters.

Except as otherwise permitted under Section 9.4., the Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, preserve and maintain its respective existence, rights, franchises, licenses and privileges in the jurisdiction of its incorporation or formation and qualify and remain qualified and authorized to do business in each jurisdiction in which the character of its properties or the nature of its business requires such qualification and authorization and where the failure to be so authorized and qualified could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

Section 7.2.       Compliance with Applicable Law.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, comply with all Applicable Law, including the obtaining of all Governmental Approvals, the failure with which to comply could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  The

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Borrower will maintain in effect and enforce policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with the Anti-Corruption Laws and applicable Sanctions by the Borrower, its Subsidiaries, their respective directors, officers, employees, Affiliates and agents and representatives of the Borrower or any Subsidiary that will act in any capacity in connection with or benefit from this Agreement.

Section 7.3.       Maintenance of Property.

In addition to the requirements of any of the other Loan Documents, the Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, protect and preserve all of its respective material properties, including, but not limited to, all Intellectual Property necessary to the conduct of its respective business, and maintain in good repair, working order and condition all tangible properties, ordinary wear and tear excepted.

Section 7.4.       Conduct of Business.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, carry on its respective businesses as described in Section 6.1.(t).

Section 7.5.       Insurance.

In addition to the requirements of any of the other Loan Documents, the Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, maintain insurance with such insurers, on such properties, in such amounts and against such risks (excluding terrorist insurance and mold insurance and, to the extent the same are not commercially available or available at commercially reasonable rates, earthquake insurance or windstorm insurance) as is consistent with insurance maintained by businesses of comparable size and type of the Borrower, the other Loan Parties or other Subsidiaries, as applicable, and in the same line of business as the Borrower, the other Loan Parties or other Subsidiaries, as applicable, and furnish to the Administrative Agent upon request a detailed list, stating the names of the insurance companies, the amounts and rates of the insurance, the dates of the expiration thereof and the properties and risks covered thereby.

Section 7.6.       Payment of Taxes and Claims.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, pay and discharge when due (a) all taxes, assessments and governmental charges or levies imposed upon it or upon its income or profits or upon any properties belonging to it, and (b) all lawful claims of materialmen, mechanics, carriers, warehousemen and landlords for labor, materials, supplies and rentals which, if unpaid, might become a Lien on any properties of such Person; provided, however, that this Section shall not require the payment or discharge of any such tax, assessment, charge, levy or claim which is being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings which operate to suspend the collection thereof and for which adequate reserves have been established on the books of such Person in accordance with GAAP.

Section 7.7.       Books and Records; Inspections.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, keep proper books of record and account in which full, true and correct entries shall be made of

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all dealings and transactions in relation to its business and activities.  The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, permit representatives of the Administrative Agent or any Lender to visit and inspect any of their respective properties, to examine and make abstracts from any of their respective books and records and to discuss their respective affairs, finances and accounts with their respective officers, employees and independent public accountants (in the presence of an officer of the Borrower if an Event of Default does not then exist), all at such reasonable times during business hours and as often as may reasonably be requested and so long as no Event of Default exists, with reasonable prior notice.  The Borrower shall be obligated to reimburse the Administrative Agent and the Lenders for their costs and expenses incurred in connection with the exercise of their rights under this Section only if such exercise occurs while a Default or Event of Default exists.  The Borrower hereby authorizes and instructs its accountants to discuss the financial affairs of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary with the Administrative Agent or any Lender.

Section 7.8.       Use of Proceeds.

The Borrower will use the proceeds of Loans only (a) to finance capital expenditures and the repayment of Debt of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries; and (b) to provide for the general working capital needs of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries and for other general corporate purposes of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries.  The Borrower shall only use Letters of Credit for the same purposes for which it may use the proceeds of Loans.

Section 7.9.       Environmental Matters.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, comply with all Environmental Laws the failure with which to comply could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.  The Borrower shall comply, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to comply, and the Borrower shall use, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to use, commercially reasonable efforts to cause all other Persons occupying, using or present on the Properties to comply, with all Environmental Laws in all material respects.  The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, promptly take all actions and pay or arrange to pay all costs necessary for it and for the Properties to comply in all material respects with all Environmental Laws and all Governmental Approvals, including actions to remove and dispose of all Hazardous Materials and to clean up the Properties as required under Environmental Laws.  The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, promptly take all actions necessary to prevent the imposition of any Liens on any of their respective properties arising out of or related to any Environmental Laws.  Nothing in this Section shall impose any obligation or liability whatsoever on the Administrative Agent or any Lender.

Section 7.10.     Further Assurances.

At the Borrower’s cost and expense and upon request of the Administrative Agent, the Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, duly execute and deliver or cause to be duly executed and delivered, to the Administrative Agent such further instruments, documents and certificates, and do and cause to be done such further acts that may be reasonably necessary or advisable in the reasonable opinion of the Administrative Agent to carry out more effectively the provisions and purposes of this Agreement and the other Loan Documents.

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Section 7.11.     Material Contracts.

The Borrower shall, and shall cause each other Loan Party and each other Subsidiary to, duly and punctually perform and comply with any and all terms and conditions of each Material Contract, the breach of which would permit the termination of such Material Contract.

Section 7.12.     REIT Status.

The Borrower shall maintain its status as, and election to be treated as, a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code.

Section 7.13.     Guarantors.

(a)         Subject to the immediately following subsection (c), if a Subsidiary that is not already a Guarantor Guarantees, or otherwise becomes obligated in respect of, any Debt of the Borrower or any other Subsidiary of the Borrower, then as soon as practicable, and in any event within 30 days after such Subsidiary gives such Guarantee or becomes obligated in respect of such Debt, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent each of the following in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent: (i) an Accession Agreement executed by such Subsidiary (or if the Guaranty is not then in effect, the Guaranty executed by such Subsidiary) and (ii) the items that would have been delivered under subsections (iv) through (viii) and (xiii) of Section 5.1.(a) if such Subsidiary had been required to become a Guarantor on the Agreement Date:

(b)         The Borrower may request in writing that the Administrative Agent release, and upon receipt of such request the Administrative Agent shall release, a Guarantor (other than the Operating Partnership) from the Guaranty so long as: (i) Guarantor is not, or simultaneously with its release from the Guaranty will not be, required to be a party to the Guaranty under the immediately preceding subsection (a); (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall then be in existence or would occur as a result of such release, including without limitation, a Default or Event of Default resulting from a violation of any of the covenants contained in Section 9.1.; (iii) the representations and warranties made or deemed made by the Borrower and each other Loan Party in the Loan Documents to which any of them is a party, shall be true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of the date of such release with the same force and effect as if made on and as of such date except to the extent that such representations and warranties expressly relate solely to an earlier date (in which case such representations and warranties shall have been true and correct in all material respects (except in the case of a representation or warranty qualified by materiality, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct in all respects) on and as of such earlier date) and except for changes in factual circumstances not prohibited under the Loan Documents; and (iv) the Administrative Agent shall have received such written request at least 10 Business Days (or such shorter period as may be acceptable to the Administrative Agent in its sole discretion) prior to the requested date of release.  Delivery by the Borrower to the Administrative Agent of any such request shall constitute a representation by the Borrower that the matters set forth in the preceding sentence (both as of the date of the giving of such request and as of the date of the effectiveness of such request) are true and correct with respect to such request.

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(c)         Notwithstanding the immediately preceding subsection (a), neither the DownREIT nor any of its Subsidiaries shall be required to become a Guarantor so long as none of the Borrower, any Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary, the DownREIT or any Subsidiary of the DownREIT) or any other Loan Party has Guaranteed any of the Debt of the DownREIT or any of its Subsidiaries or has any direct obligation to maintain or preserve any such Person’s financial condition or to cause any such Person to achieve any specified levels of operating results (excluding guaranties of customary exceptions for fraud, misapplication of funds, environmental indemnities, voluntary bankruptcy, collusive involuntary bankruptcy and other similar exceptions to nonrecourse liability).

Section 7.14.     Exchange Listing.

The Borrower shall maintain at least one class of common shares of the Borrower having trading privileges on the New York Stock Exchange or NYSE Amex Equities or which is the subject of price quotations on The NASDAQ Stock Market’s National Market System.

ARTICLE VIII. INFORMATION

For so long as this Agreement is in effect, the Borrower shall furnish to the Administrative Agent for distribution to each of the Lenders:

Section 8.1.       Quarterly Financial Statements.

As soon as available and in any event within 5 days after the same is required to be filed with the SEC (but in no event later than 60 days after the close of each of the first, second and third fiscal quarters of the Borrower), the unaudited consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such period and the related unaudited consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income/(loss), changes in equity and cash flows of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries for such period, setting forth in each case in comparative form the figures as of the end of and for the corresponding periods of the previous fiscal year, all of which shall be certified by the chief financial officer of the Borrower, in his or her opinion, to present fairly, in accordance with GAAP (provided that such statements shall not include footnotes and other presentation items) and in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the date thereof and the results of operations for such period (subject to normal year-end audit adjustments).

Section 8.2.       Year-End Statements.

As soon as available and in any event within 5 days after the same is required to be filed with the SEC (but in no event later than 90 days after the end of each fiscal year of the Borrower), the audited consolidated balance sheet of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the end of such fiscal year and the related audited consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income/(loss), changes in equity and cash flows of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries for such fiscal year, setting forth in comparative form the figures as at the end of and for the previous fiscal year, all of which shall be (a) certified by the chief financial officer of the Borrower, in his or her opinion, to present fairly, in accordance with GAAP and in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Borrower and its Subsidiaries as at the date thereof and the results of operations for such period and (b) accompanied by the report thereon of Ernst & Young LLP or any other

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independent certified public accountants of recognized national standing, whose report shall not be subject to (i) any “going concern” or like qualification or exception or (ii) any qualification or exception as to the scope of such audit.

Section 8.3.       Compliance Certificate.

At the time the financial statements are furnished pursuant to Sections 8.1. and 8.2., a certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit R (a “Compliance Certificate”) executed on behalf of the Borrower by a Responsible Officer (a) setting forth in reasonable detail as of the end of such quarterly accounting period or fiscal year, as the case may be, the calculations required to establish whether the Borrower was in compliance with the covenants contained in Section 9.1.; and (b) stating, to the best of his or her knowledge, after due inquiry, that no Default or Event of Default exists, or, if such is not the case, specifying such Default or Event of Default and its nature, when it occurred, whether it is continuing and the steps being taken by the Borrower with respect to such event, condition or failure.  In addition, if the Administrative Agent or the Requisite Lenders reasonably believe that a Default or Event of Default may exist or may be likely to occur, the Borrower shall deliver to the Administrative Agent within 30 days of the Administrative Agent’s request a Compliance Certificate with respect to any other fiscal month end; provided, that the Borrower shall not be required to provide a Compliance Certificate pursuant to this sentence more than once during any fiscal quarter.  Each Compliance Certificate shall be accompanied by a reasonably detailed list of all assets included in calculations of Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool and shall disclose which assets have been added or removed from such calculation since the previous list delivered to the Administrative Agent.

Section 8.4.       Other Information.

(a)         Promptly upon receipt thereof, copies of all reports, if any, submitted to the Borrower or its Board of Directors by its independent public accountants including, without limitation, any management report;

(b)         Within 5 Business Days of the filing thereof, copies of all registration statements (excluding the exhibits thereto (unless requested by the Administrative Agent) and any registration statements on Form S-8 or its equivalent), reports on Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K (or their equivalents) and all other periodic reports which any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary shall file with the SEC or any national securities exchange;

(c)         Promptly upon the mailing thereof to the shareholders of the Borrower generally, copies of all financial statements, reports and proxy statements so mailed and promptly upon the issuance thereof copies of all press releases issued by the Borrower, any Subsidiary or any other Loan Party;

(d)         If any ERISA Event shall occur that individually, or together with any other ERISA Event that has occurred, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, a certificate of a Responsible Officer of the Borrower setting forth details as to such occurrence and the action, if any, which the Borrower or applicable member of the ERISA Group is required or proposes to take;

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(e)         To the extent any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is aware of the same, prompt notice of the commencement of any proceeding or investigation by or before any Governmental Authority and any action or proceeding in any court or other tribunal or before any arbitrator against or in any other way relating to, or affecting, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary or any of their respective properties, assets or businesses which could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, and prompt notice of the receipt of notice that any United States income tax returns of any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary are being audited;

(f)         A copy of any amendment adverse to the interest of the Lenders to the certificate or articles of incorporation or formation, bylaws, partnership agreement or other similar organizational documents of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary, promptly upon, and in any event, within 15 days of, the effectiveness thereof;

(g)         Prompt notice of (i) any change in the senior management of the Borrower, any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary, (ii) any change in the business, assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations or business prospects of any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary, (iii) any change in the information provided in the Beneficial Ownership Certification (if previously provided at the Administrative Agent’s request) that would result in a change to the list of beneficial owners identified in parts (c) or (d) of such certification or (iv) the occurrence of any other event which, in the case of any of the immediately preceding clauses (i) through (iv), has had, or could reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect;

(h)         Notice of the occurrence of any of the following promptly upon a Responsible Officer of the Borrower obtaining knowledge thereof: (i) any Default or Event of Default or (ii) any event which constitutes or which with the passage of time, the giving of notice, or otherwise, would constitute a default or event of default by any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary under any Material Contract to which any such Person is a party or by which any such Person or any of its respective properties may be bound;

(i)          Prompt notice of any order, judgment or decree in excess of $25,000,000 having been entered against any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary or any of their respective properties or assets;

(j)          Any notification of a material violation of any Applicable Law or any inquiry shall have been received by any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary from any Governmental Authority;

(k)         Promptly, upon any change in the Borrower’s Credit Rating, a certificate stating that the Borrower’s Credit Rating has changed and the new Credit Rating that is in effect;

(l)          Promptly, upon each request, information identifying the Borrower as a Lender may request in order to comply with applicable “know your customer” and anti-money laundering rules and regulations, including without limitation, the Patriot Act;

(m)        Promptly, and in any event within 5 Business Days after the Borrower obtains knowledge thereof, written notice of the occurrence of any of the following: (i) the Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary shall receive notice that any violation of or noncompliance with any Environmental Law has or may have been committed or is threatened; (ii) the Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary shall receive notice that any administrative or judicial

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complaint, order or petition has been filed or other proceeding has been initiated, or is about to be filed or initiated against any such Person alleging any violation of or noncompliance with any Environmental Law or requiring any such Person to take any action in connection with the release or threatened release of Hazardous Materials; (iii) the Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary shall receive any notice from a Governmental Authority or private party alleging that any such Person may be liable or responsible for any costs associated with a response to, or remediation or cleanup of, a release or threatened release of Hazardous Materials or any damages caused thereby; or (iv) the Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary shall receive notice of any other fact, circumstance or condition that could reasonably be expected to form the basis of an environmental claim, and the matters covered by notices referred to in any of the immediately preceding clauses (i) through (iv), whether individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect;

(n)         To the extent the Borrower, any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary is aware of the same, prompt notice of any matter that has had, or which could reasonably be expected to have, a Material Adverse Effect; and

(o)         From time to time and promptly upon each request, such data, certificates, reports, statements, opinions of counsel, documents or further information regarding any Property or the business, assets, liabilities, financial condition, results of operations or business prospects of the Borrower, any of its Subsidiaries, or any other Loan Party as the Administrative Agent or any Lender may reasonably request.

Section 8.5.       Electronic Delivery of Certain Information.

(a)         Documents required to be delivered pursuant to the Loan Documents may be delivered by electronic communication and delivery, including, the Internet, e-mail or intranet websites to which the Administrative Agent and each Lender have access (including a commercial, third-party website such as http://www.sec.gov or a website sponsored or hosted by the Administrative Agent or the Borrower) provided that the foregoing shall not apply to (i) notices to any Lender (or the Issuing Banks) pursuant to Article II.  and (ii) any Lender that has notified the Administrative Agent and the Borrower that it cannot or does not want to receive electronic communications.  The Administrative Agent or the Borrower may, in its discretion and subject to the next sentence, agree to accept notices and other communications to it hereunder by electronic delivery pursuant to procedures approved by it for all or particular notices or communications.  Documents or notices delivered electronically shall be deemed to have been delivered 24 hours after the date and time on which the Administrative Agent or the Borrower posts such documents or the documents become available on a commercial website (provided that documents posted on http://www.sec.gov shall be deemed to have been delivered when posted) and the Administrative Agent or Borrower notifies each Lender of said posting (provided that no notice shall be required for any document posted on http://www.sec.gov) and provides a link thereto provided if such notice or other communication is not sent or posted during the normal business hours of the recipient, said posting date and time shall be deemed to have commenced as of 9:00 a.m. Pacific time on the opening of business on the next business day for the recipient.  Notwithstanding anything contained herein, the Borrower shall deliver paper copies of any documents to the Administrative Agent or to any Lender that requests such paper copies until a written request to cease delivering paper copies is given by the Administrative Agent or such Lender.  The

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Administrative Agent shall have no obligation to request the delivery of or to maintain paper copies of the documents delivered electronically, and in any event shall have no responsibility to monitor compliance by the Borrower with any such request for delivery.  Each Lender shall be solely responsible for requesting delivery to it of paper copies and maintaining its paper or electronic documents.

(b)         Documents required to be delivered pursuant to Article II. may be delivered electronically to a website provided for such purpose by the Administrative Agent pursuant to the procedures provided to the Borrower by the Administrative Agent.

Section 8.6.       Public/Private Information.

The Borrower shall cooperate with the Administrative Agent in connection with the publication of certain materials and/or information provided by or on behalf of the Borrower.  Documents required to be delivered pursuant to the Loan Documents shall be delivered by or on behalf of the Borrower to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders (collectively, “Information Materials”) pursuant to this Article and the Borrower shall designate Information Materials (a) that are either available to the public or not material with respect to the Borrower and its Subsidiaries or any of their respective securities for purposes of United States federal and state securities laws, as “Public Information” and (b) that are not Public Information as “Private Information”.

Section 8.7.       USA Patriot Act Notice; Compliance.

The Patriot Act and federal regulations issued with respect thereto require all financial institutions to obtain, verify and record certain information that identifies individuals or business entities which open an “account” with such financial institution.  Consequently, a Lender (for itself and/or as agent for all Lenders hereunder) may from time-to-time request, and the Borrower shall, and shall cause the other Loan Parties to, provide promptly upon any such request to such Lender, such Loan Party’s name, address, tax identification number and/or such other identification information as shall be necessary for such Lender to comply with federal law.  An “account” for this purpose may include, without limitation, a deposit account, cash management service, a transaction or asset account, a credit account, a loan or other extension of credit, and/or other financial services product.

ARTICLE IX. NEGATIVE COVENANTS

For so long as this Agreement is in effect, the Borrower shall comply with the following covenants:

Section 9.1.       Financial Covenants.

(a)         Maximum Leverage Ratio.  The ratio of (i) Consolidated Funded Debt to (ii) Gross Asset Value (the “Leverage Ratio”), to exceed 0.60 to 1.0 at any time; provided, however, (A) upon the election of the Borrower, if a member of the Consolidated Group consummates an acquisition or merger permitted by Section 9.4. the Leverage Ratio may be increased to, and the Borrower shall not permit the Leverage Ratio to exceed, 0.65 to 1.0 at any time during the consecutive four-fiscal quarter period that begins as of the first day of the fiscal quarter in which such acquisition or merger was consummated (the “Leverage Ratio Increase Period”) and (B)(I)

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Consolidated Funded Debt shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom an amount equal to the lesser of (x) the amount by which the unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the Consolidated Group at the end of such fiscal quarter exceeds $35,000,000 and (y) Consolidated Funded Debt that by its terms is scheduled to mature on or before the date that is 24 months from the date of calculation, and (II) Gross Asset Value shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom the amount by which Consolidated Funded Debt is adjusted under the preceding clause (B)(I) of this proviso; provided further, however, that the Borrower may not elect to increase the Leverage Ratio as provided in clause (A) of this proviso (x) more than two times during the term of this Agreement and (y) unless one full fiscal quarter has elapsed between the end of the first Leverage Ratio Increase Period and the beginning of the second Leverage Ratio Increase Period.

(b)         Minimum Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio.  The ratio of (i) Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA for the two fiscal quarter period of the Borrower most recently ending (annualized) to (ii) Consolidated Total Fixed Charges for such period (annualized), to be less than 1.50 to 1.00 at the end of any fiscal quarter.

(c)         Maximum Secured Debt.  The ratio of (i) Consolidated Secured Debt to (ii) Gross Asset Value, to be greater than 0.40 to 1.00 at any time.

(d)         Minimum Unencumbered Pool Leverage Ratio.  The ratio of (i) Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool to (ii) Consolidated Unsecured Debt, to be less than 1.50 to 1.00 at the end of any fiscal quarter; provided, however, that (A) Consolidated Unsecured Debt shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom an amount equal to the lesser of (x) the amount by which the unrestricted cash and cash equivalents of the Consolidated Group at the end of such fiscal quarter exceeds $35,000,000 and (y) Consolidated Unsecured Debt that by its terms is scheduled to mature on or before the date that is 24 months from the date of calculation, and (B) Gross Asset Value of the Unencumbered Pool shall be adjusted by deducting therefrom the amount by which Consolidated Unsecured Debt is adjusted under the preceding clause (A).

(e)         Dividends and Other Restricted Payments.  If a Default or Event of Default exists, the Borrower shall not, and shall not permit any other member of the Consolidated Group to, declare or make any Restricted Payment; provided,  however, that: (a) Subsidiaries may pay Restricted Payments to the Borrower or any other Subsidiary (b) the Borrower may declare or make cash distributions to its shareholders during any fiscal year in an aggregate amount not to exceed the minimum amount necessary for the Borrower to remain in compliance with Section 7.12 and (c) Subsidiaries that are REITs may make distributions to preferred shareholders in the amount necessary to maintain REIT status.

Section 9.2.       Negative Pledge.

(a)         The Borrower shall not, and shall not permit any other Loan Party or any other Subsidiary (other than an Excluded Subsidiary) to, create, assume, or incur any Lien (other than Permitted Liens) upon any of its properties, assets, income or profits of any character whether now owned or hereafter acquired if immediately prior to the creation, assumption or incurring of such Lien, or immediately thereafter, a Default or Event of Default is or would be in existence, including without limitation, a Default or Event of Default resulting from a violation of any of t