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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

 

 

Form 10-Q

 

 

 

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2018

or

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

for the transition period from                     

333-201017

(Commission File Number)

 

 

RIVERVIEW FINANCIAL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Pennsylvania   38-3917371

(State of

incorporation)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification Number)

3901 North Front Street, Harrisburg, PA   17110
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip code)

(717) 957-2196

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer      Accelerated filer  
Non-accelerated filer      Smaller reporting company  
     Emerging growth company  

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.    Yes  ☐    No  ☒

APPLICABLE ONLY TO CORPORATE ISSUERS:

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 9,095,124 at July 30, 2018.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

RIVERVIEW FINANCIAL CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2018

 

Contents

   Page No.  
PART I.   FINANCIAL INFORMATION:   
Item 1.   Financial Statements (Unaudited)   
  Consolidated Balance Sheets at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017      3  
  Consolidated Statements of Income (Loss) and Comprehensive Income for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017      4  
  Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017      5  
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2018 and 2017      6  
  Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements      7  
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations      28  
Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk      38  
Item 4.   Controls and Procedures      38  
PART II   OTHER INFORMATION:   
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings      39  
Item 1A.   Risk Factors      39  
Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds      39  
Item 3.   Defaults upon Senior Securities      39  
Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures      39  
Item 5.   Other Information      39  
Item 6.   Exhibits      39  
  Signatures      40  

 


Table of Contents

Riverview Financial Corporation

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     June 30,
2018
    December 31,
2017
 

Assets:

    

Cash and due from banks

   $ 13,139     $ 9,413  

Interest-bearing deposits in other banks

     23,481       16,373  

Federal funds sold

    

Investment securities available-for-sale

     87,908       93,201  

Loans held for sale

     873       254  

Loans, net

     939,887       955,971  

Less: allowance for loan losses

     6,401       6,306  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net loans

     933,486       949,665  

Premises and equipment, net

     18,542       18,631  

Accrued interest receivable

     2,786       3,237  

Goodwill

     24,754       24,754  

Intangible assets

     3,935       4,376  

Other assets

     42,900       43,703  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 1,151,804     $ 1,163,607  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities:

    

Deposits:

    

Noninterest-bearing

   $ 170,232     $ 155,895  

Interest-bearing

     847,490       870,585  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total deposits

     1,017,722       1,026,480  

Short-term borrowings

       6,000  

Long-term debt

     13,091       13,233  

Accrued interest payable

     449       468  

Other liabilities

     10,075       11,170  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     1,041,337       1,057,351  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

    

Common stock: no par value, authorized 20,000,000 shares; June 30, 2018, issued and outstanding 9,094,986 shares; December 31, 2017, issued and outstanding 9,069,363 shares

     100,790       100,476  

Capital surplus

     424       423  

Retained earnings

     11,625       6,936  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (2,372     (1,579
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total stockholders’ equity

     110,467       106,256  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,151,804     $ 1,163,607  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Riverview Financial Corporation

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (LOSS) AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  

June 30,

   2018     2017     2018     2017  

Interest income:

        

Interest and fees on loans:

        

Taxable

   $ 11,226     $ 4,989     $ 23,467     $ 9,274  

Tax-exempt

     235       107       469       215  

Interest and dividends on investment securities available-for-sale:

        

Taxable

     542       566       1,065       1,130  

Tax-exempt

     81       46       163       93  

Dividends

           3  

Interest on interest-bearing deposits in other banks

     101       24       180       47  

Interest on federal funds sold

     10       4       20       10  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest income

     12,195       5,736       25,364       10,772  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Interest expense:

        

Interest on deposits

     1,723       668       3,277       1,200  

Interest on short-term borrowings

       63       30       85  

Interest on long-term debt

     192       78       368       153  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total interest expense

     1,915       809       3,675       1,438  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income

     10,280       4,927       21,689       9,334  

Provision for loan losses

       519       390       1,124  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net interest income after provision for loan losses

     10,280       4,408       21,299       8,210  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noninterest income:

        

Service charges, fees and commissions

     1,651       292       2,879       629  

Commission and fees on fiduciary activities

     235       31       445       61  

Wealth management income

     219       194       373       452  

Mortgage banking income

     189       147       359       229  

Bank owned life insurance investment income

     199       74       390       147  

Net gain on sale of investment securities available-for-sale

     40       64       40       63  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

     2,533       802       4,486       1,581  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noninterest expense:

        

Salaries and employee benefits expense

     5,221       2,757       10,543       5,593  

Net occupancy and equipment expense

     1,012       634       2,134       1,280  

Amortization of intangible assets

     220       71       441       235  

Net cost of operation of other real estate owned

     2       138       1       174  

Other expenses

     2,953       1,441       5,825       2,922  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total noninterest expense

     9,408       5,041       18,944       10,204  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

     3,405       169       6,841       (413

Income tax expense (benefit)

     618       (10     1,243       (25
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

     2,787       179       5,598       (388
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income:

        

Unrealized gain (loss) on investment securities available-for-sale

     112       1,246       (963     1,758  

Reclassification adjustment for net (gain) loss on sale of investment securities available-for-sale included in net income (loss)

     (40     (64     (40     (63
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     72       1,182       (1,003     1,695  

Income tax expense (benefit) related to other comprehensive income

     15       402       (210     576  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes

     57       780       (793     1,119  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

   $ 2,844     $ 959     $ 4,805     $ 731  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Per share data:

        

Net income (loss):

        

Basic

   $ 0.31     $ 0.04     $ 0.62     $ (0.08

Diluted

   $ 0.31     $ 0.04     $ 0.62     $ (0.08

Average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     9,089,011       3,655,446       9,084,054       3,555,629  

Diluted

     9,134,248       3,726,939       9,136,004       3,555,629  

Dividends declared

   $ 0.10     $ 0.14     $ 0.10     $ 0.28  

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Riverview Financial Corporation

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

     Preferred
Stock
    Common
Stock
     Capital
Surplus
     Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
    Total  

Balance, January 1, 2018

   $       $ 100,476      $ 423      $ 6,936     $ (1,579   $ 106,256  

Net income

             5,598         5,598  

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of income taxes

               (793     (793

Compensation cost of option grants

          1            1  

Issuance under ESPP, 401k and Dividend Reinvestment plans: 20,862 shares

       265               265  

Exercise of stock options: 4,761 shares

       49               49  

Dividends declared, $0.10 per share

             (909       (909
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2018

   $       $ 100,790      $ 424      $ 11,625     $ (2,372   $ 110,467  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, January 1, 2017

     $ 29,052      $ 220      $ 14,845     $ (2,197   $ 41,920  

Net loss

             (388       (388

Other comprehensive income, net of income taxes

               1,119       1,119  

Compensation cost of option grants

          15            15  

Issuance of 269,885 common shares

       2,658               2,658  

Issuance of 1,348,809 preferred shares

   $ 13,283                 13,283  

Preferred shares converted into common shares

     (13,283     13,283            

Issuance under ESPP, 401k and Dividend Reinvestment plans: 9,614 shares

       247               247  

Dividends declared, $0.28 per share

             (1,339       (1,339
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance, June 30, 2017

   $       $ 45,240      $ 235      $ 13,118     $ (1,078   $ 57,515  
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

Riverview Financial Corporation

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

   2018     2017  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income (loss)

   $ 5,598     $ (388

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization of premises and equipment

     619       392  

Provision for loan losses

     390       1,124  

Stock based compensation

     1       15  

Net amortization of investment securities available-for-sale

     402       195  

Net cost of operation of other real estate owned

     1       174  

Net loss on sale of investment securities available-for-sale

     (40     (63

Amortization of purchase adjustment on loans

     (2,613     (98

Amortization of intangible assets

     441       235  

Deferred income taxes

     1,072       (47

Proceeds from sale of loans originated for sale

     13,337       11,606  

Net gain on sale of loans originated for sale

     (359     (229

Loans originated for sale

     (13,597     (11,762

Bank owned life insurance investment income

     (390     (147

Net change in:

    

Accrued interest receivable

     451       75  

Other assets

     60       (785

Accrued interest payable

     (19     2  

Other liabilities

     (1,095     (674
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     4,259       (375
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Investment securities available-for-sale:

    

Purchases

     (6,839  

Proceeds from repayments

     5,942       1,260  

Proceeds from sales

     4,825       5,564  

Proceeds from the sale of other real estate owned

     196       433  

Net decrease in restricted equity securities

     146       83  

Net decrease (increase) in loans

     18,351       (95,517

Business disposition, net of cash

       329  

Purchases of premises and equipment

     (530     (323

Purchase of bank owned life insurance

     (21     (16
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

     22,070       (88,187
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Net increase in deposits

     (8,758     71,335  

Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings

     (6,000     (1,500

Repayment of long-term debt

     (142     (165

Proceeds from long-term debt

       600  

Issuance under ESPP, 401k and DRP plans

     265       247  

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

     49       15,941  

Cash dividends paid

     (909     (1,339
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     (15,495     85,119  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     10,834       (3,443

Cash and cash equivalents—beginning

     25,786       19,120  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents—ending

   $ 36,620     $ 15,677  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosures:

    

Cash paid during the period for:

    

Interest

   $ 3,694     $ 1,436  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income taxes

    
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Noncash items from investing activities:

    

Other real estate acquired in settlement of loans

   $ 51     $ 187  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

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Riverview Financial Corporation

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

1. Summary of significant accounting policies:

Nature of Operations

Riverview Financial Corporation, (the “Company” or “Riverview”), a bank holding company incorporated under the laws of Pennsylvania, provides a full range of financial services through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Riverview Bank (the “Bank”). On October 2, 2017, the Company announced the completion of its merger of equals with CBT Financial Corp. (“CBT”), effective October 1, 2017 pursuant to the Agreement and Plan of Merger between Riverview and CBT, dated April 19, 2017. On the effective date, CBT was merged with and into Riverview, with Riverview surviving (the “merger”). Additionally, CBT Bank, the wholly-owned subsidiary of CBT, merged with and into Riverview Bank, the wholly-owned subsidiary of Riverview, with Riverview Bank as the surviving institution. The Company’s financial results reflect the merger of CBT Bank with and into Riverview Bank under the purchase method of accounting, with the Company treated as the acquirer for accounting and reporting purposes. As a result, the historical financial information included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related notes as reported in this Form 10-Q is that of Riverview.

Riverview Bank, with 30 full service offices and three limited purpose offices, is a full service commercial bank offering a wide range of traditional banking services and financial advisory, insurance and investment services to individuals, municipalities and small to medium sized businesses in the Pennsylvania market areas of Berks, Blaire, Centre, Clearfield, Dauphin, Huntingdon, Lebanon, Lycoming, Northumberland, Perry, Schuylkill and Somerset Counties in Pennsylvania.

Basis of presentation:

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP’) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations for the periods presented have been included. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year’s presentation. These reclassifications did not have any effect on the operating results or financial position of the Company. The operating results and financial position of the Company for the three and six months ended as of June 30, 2018, are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations and financial position that may be expected in the future. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2017 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and disclosures required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Accordingly, these unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed on March 23, 2018.

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates that are particularly susceptible to material change in the near term relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, fair value of financial instruments, the valuation of real estate acquired in connection with foreclosures or in satisfaction of loans, the valuation of deferred tax assets, the determination of other-than-temporary impairment losses on securities and impairment of goodwill. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Recent Accounting Standards

In January 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, (“FASB”) issued ASU No. 2016-01, “Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”. This ASU addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments by making targeted improvements to GAAP as follows: (i) require equity investments, except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee, to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer; (ii) simplify the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment. When a qualitative assessment indicates that impairment exists, an entity is required to measure the investment at fair value; (iii) eliminate the requirement to disclose the fair value of financial instruments measured at amortized cost for entities that are not public business entities; (iv) eliminate the requirement for public business entities to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost on the balance sheet; (v) require

 

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public business entities to use the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes; (vi) require an entity to present separately in other comprehensive income the portion of the total change in the fair value of a liability resulting from a change in the instrument-specific credit risk when the entity has elected to measure the liability at fair value in accordance with the fair value option for financial instruments; (vii) require separate presentation of financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset , securities or loans and receivables, on the balance sheet or the accompanying notes to the financial statements; and (viii) clarify that an entity should evaluate the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to available-for-sale securities in combination with the entity’s other deferred tax assets. The Company measured the fair value of its loan portfolio using an exit price notion for the fiscal years beginning after December 31, 2017, including interim periods thereafter. The adoption of ASU 2016-01 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”. Among other things, in the amendments in ASU 2016-02, lessees will be required to recognize the following for all leases (with the exception of short-term leases) at the commencement date: a lease liability, which is a lessee’s obligation to make lease payments arising from a lease, measured on a discounted basis; and a right-of-use asset, which is an asset that represents the lessee’s right to use, or control the use of, a specified asset for the lease term. Under the new guidance, lessor accounting is largely unchanged. Certain targeted improvements were made to align, where necessary, lessor accounting with the lessee accounting model and Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early application is permitted upon issuance. Lessees (for capital and operating leases) and lessors (for sales-type, direct financing, and operating leases) must apply a modified retrospective transition approach for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. The modified retrospective approach would not require any transition accounting for leases that expired before the earliest comparative period presented. Lessees and lessors may not apply a full retrospective transition approach. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB ASU No. 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments”. ASU 2016-13 requires an entity to utilize a new impairment model known as the current expected credit loss (“CECL”) model to estimate its lifetime “expected credit loss” and record an allowance that, when deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, presents the net amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. The CECL model is expected to result in earlier recognition of credit losses. ASU 2016-13 also requires new disclosures for financial assets measured at amortized cost, loans and available-for-sale debt securities. The updated guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted. Entities will apply the standard’s provisions as a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the guidance is adopted. We have dedicated staff and resources in place to evaluate the Company’s options including evaluating the appropriate model options and collecting and reviewing loan data for use in these models. The Company is currently still assessing the impact that this new guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”. The update addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. This new accounting guidance will be effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company does not expect the adoption of the new accounting guidance to have a material effect on the statement of cash flows.

In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-20, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers”. ASU 2016-20 updates the new revenue standard by clarifying issues that have arisen from ASU 2014-09, but does not change the core principle of the new standard. The issues addressed in this ASU include: (i) Loan guarantee fees; (ii) Impairment testing of contract costs; (iii) Interaction of impairment testing with guidance in other topics; (iv) Provisions for losses on construction-type and production-type contracts; (v) Scope of Topic 606; (vi) Disclosure of remaining performance obligations; (vii) Disclosure of prior-period performance obligations; (viii) Contract modifications; (ix) Contract asset vs. receivable; (x) Refund liability; (xi) Advertising costs; (xii) Fixed-odds wagering contracts in the casino industry; and (xiii) Cost capitalization for advisors to private funds and public funds. The updated guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017. The amendments can be applied retrospectively to each prior reporting period or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying this new guidance recognized at the date of initial application. Since the guidance does not apply to revenue associated with financial instruments, including loans and securities that are accounted for under other GAAP, the new guidance did not have a material impact on revenue most closely associated with financial instruments, including interest income and expense. The Company completed its overall assessment of revenue streams and review of related contracts potentially affected by the ASU, including trust and asset management fees, deposit related fees, and interchange fees. Based on this assessment, the Company concluded that ASU 2014-09 did not materially change the method in which the Company currently recognizes revenue for these revenue streams. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 and its related amendments on its required effective date of January 1, 2018 utilizing the modified retrospective approach. Since there was no net income impact upon adoption of the new guidance, a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings was not deemed necessary. The adoption of ASU 2016-20 and 2014-09 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements. See Note 8 Revenue Recognition for more information.

 

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In January 2017, FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business”. The ASU clarifies the definition of a business to assist with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of ASU No. 2017-01 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-03, “Accounting Changes and Error Corrections (Topic 250) and Investments - Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to Staff Announcements at the 2016 EITF Meetings”. The ASU adds an SEC paragraph to ASUs 2014-09, 2016-02 and 2016-13 which specifies the SEC staff view that a registrant should evaluate ASUs that have not yet been adopted to determine the appropriate disclosure about the potential material effects of those ASUs on the financial statements when adopted. The guidance also specifies the SEC staff view on financial statement disclosures when the company does not know or cannot reasonably estimate the impact that adoption of the ASUs will have on the financial statements. The ASU also conforms to SEC guidance on accounting for tax benefits resulting from investments in affordable housing projects to the guidance in ASU 2014-01, Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323). The amendments in this update are effective upon issuance. The guidance did not have a significant impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment”. The ASU simplifies the subsequent measurement of goodwill and eliminates Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. The Company should perform its goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge should be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. The impairment charge is limited to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted for goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial positions, results of operations or disclosures.

In February 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-05, “Other Income—Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Topic 610): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets”. The amendments clarify that a financial asset is within the scope of Topic 610 if it meets the definition of an in substance nonfinancial asset. The amendments also define the term in substance nonfinancial asset. The amendments clarify that nonfinancial assets within the scope of Topic 610 may include nonfinancial assets transferred within a legal entity to a counterparty. For example, a parent may transfer control of nonfinancial assets by transferring ownership interests in a consolidated subsidiary. A contract that includes the transfer of ownership interests in one or more consolidated subsidiaries is within the scope of Topic 610 if substantially all of the fair value of the assets that are promised to the counterparty in a contract is concentrated in nonfinancial assets. The amendments clarify that an entity should identify each distinct nonfinancial asset or in substance nonfinancial asset promised to a counterparty and derecognize each asset when a counterparty obtains control of it. The guidance is effective for public business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods therein. Entities may use either a full or modified approach to adopt the ASU. The adoption of ASU No. 2017-05 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-07, “Compensation—Retirement Benefits (Topic 715)”, which requires employers that offer or maintain defined benefit plans to disaggregate the service component from the other components of net benefit cost and provides guidance on presentation of the service component and the other components of net benefit cost in the statement of operations. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The adoption of ASU No. 2017-07 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, FASB issued ASU No. 2017-08, “Receivables—Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Topic 310), Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities”. These amendments shorten the amortization period for certain callable debt securities held at a premium. Specifically, the amendments require the premium to be amortized to the earliest call date. The amendments do not require an accounting change for securities held at a discount; the discount continues to be amortized to maturity. The guidance is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an entity early adopts in an interim period, any adjustments should be reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The amendments should be applied on a modified retrospective basis, with a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company is assessing the impact of ASU 2017-08 on its accounting and disclosures.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-09, “Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting”. This ASU clarifies which changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award require an entity to apply modification accounting in Topic 718. Specifically, an entity would not apply modification accounting if the fair value, vesting conditions, and classification of the awards are the same immediately before and after the modification. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interims periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of ASU No. 2017-09 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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In August 2017, FASB issued ASU No. 2017-12, “Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities”. The amendments in the Update better align an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and the presentation of hedge results. To meet that objective, the amendments expand and refine hedge accounting for both nonfinancial and financial risk components and align the recognition and presentation of the effects of the hedging instrument and the hedged item in the financial statements. For public business entities, the amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial positions, results of operations or disclosures.

In September 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-13, “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605), Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), Leases (Topic 840), and Leases (Topic 842)”. This Accounting Standards Update adds SEC paragraphs pursuant to the SEC Staff Announcement at the July 20, 2017 Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) meeting. The July announcement addresses Transition Related to Accounting Standards Updates No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), and No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). This Update also supersedes SEC paragraphs pursuant to the rescission of SEC Staff Announcement, “Accounting for Management Fees Based on a Formula,” effective upon the initial adoption of Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, and SEC Staff Announcement, “Lessor Consideration of Third-Party Value Guarantees,” effective upon the initial adoption of Topic 842, Leases. The amendments in this Update also rescind three SEC Observer Comments effective upon the initial adoption of Topic 842. One SEC Staff Observer comment is being moved to Topic 842. The adoption of ASU 2017-13 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In November 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-14 “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Revenue Recognition (Topic 605), and Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606)”. This Accounting Standards Update amends SEC paragraphs pursuant to the SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 116 and SEC Release No. 33-10403, which bring existing guidance into conformity with Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The adoption of ASU No. 2017-14 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-02, “Income Statement—Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income”. The amendments in this Update allow for a reclassification of stranded tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, and the Company elected to early adopt this guidance effective December 31, 2017. The adoption of ASU No. 2018-02 resulted in a reclassification of stranded tax effects of $259 from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to retained earnings.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-03, “Technical Corrections and Improvements to Financial Instruments — Overall (Subtopic 825-10): Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”, which makes minor changes to the ASU No. 2016-01, “Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”. The technical corrections affect the following aspects of the ASU: (i) equity securities without a readily determinable fair value — discontinuation; (ii) equity securities without a readily determinable fair value — adjustments; (iii) forward contracts and purchased options; (iv) presentation requirements for certain fair value option liabilities; (v) fair value option liabilities denominated in a foreign currency and (vi) transition guidance for equity securities without a readily determinable fair value. The amendments in this Update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after June 15, 2018. The adoption of ASU No. 2018-03 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In March 2018, the FASB has issued ASU No. 2018-05, “Amendments to SEC Paragraphs Pursuant to SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin [SAB] No. 118”. The ASU adds seven paragraphs to ASC 740, Income Taxes, that contain SEC guidance related to SAB 118 codified as SEC SAB Topic 5.EE, “Income Tax Accounting Implications of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”). The adoption of ASU No. 2018-05 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-06, “Codification Improvements to Topic 942, Financial Services—Depository and Lending”. The amendments in this Update supersede the guidance in Subtopic 942-740, Financial Services—Depository and Lending—Income Taxes, that is related to Circular 202 because that guidance has been rescinded by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) and no longer is relevant. The amendments in this Update were effective upon issuance of this Update. The adoption of ASU No. 2018-06 did not have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.

 

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2. Other comprehensive income (loss):

The components of other comprehensive income (loss) and their related tax effects are reported in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income (Loss). The accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets relates to net unrealized gains and losses on investment securities available-for-sale and benefit plan adjustments.

The components of accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) included in stockholders’ equity at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 is as follows:

 

     June 30,
2018
     December 31,
2017
 

Net unrealized loss on investment securities available-for-sale

   $ (2,134    $ (1,131

Related income taxes

     (448      (238
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net of income taxes

     (1,686      (893
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Benefit plan adjustments

     (869      (869

Related income taxes

     (183      (183
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net of income taxes

     (686      (686
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (2,372    $ (1,579
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) and related tax effects for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 

Three months ended June 30,

   2018     2017  

Unrealized gain (loss) on investment securities available-for-sale

   $ 112     $ 1,246  

Net (gain) loss on the sale of investment securities available-for-sale (1)

     (40     (64
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) before taxes

     72       1,182  

Income tax expense (benefit)

     15       402  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ 57     $ 780  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

Six months ended June 30,

   2018     2017  

Unrealized gain (loss) on investment securities available-for-sale

   $ (963   $ 1,758  

Net (gain) loss on the sale of investment securities available-for-sale (1)

     (40     (63
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss) before taxes

     (1,003     1,695  

Income tax expense (benefit)

     (210     576  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)

   $ (793   $ 1,119  
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) 

Represents amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income and included in gains on sale of investment securities on the consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

3. Earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) allocated to common stockholders divided by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Net income (loss) allocated to common stockholders is net income (loss) adjusted for preferred stock dividends including dividends declared, less income (loss) allocated to participating securities. Diluted earnings per share reflect additional common shares that would have been outstanding if dilutive potential common shares had been issued, as well as any adjustment to income that would result from the assumed issuance.

 

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The following table provides a reconciliation between the computation of basic earnings per share and diluted earnings per share for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017:

 

Three months ended June 30,

   2018      2017  

Numerator:

     

Net income (loss)

   $ 2,787      $ 179  

Dividends on preferred stock

        (186
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders

   $ 2,787      $ (7

Undistributed loss allocated to preferred stockholders

        128  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) allocated to common stockholders

   $ 2,787      $ 121  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

     

Basic

     9,089,011        3,655,446  

Dilutive options

     45,237        71,493  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

     9,134,248        3,726,939  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

     

Basic

   $ 0.31      $ 0.04  

Diluted

   $ 0.31      $ 0.04  

 

Six months ended June 30,

   2018      2017  

Numerator:

     

Net income (loss)

   $ 5,598      $ (388

Dividends on preferred stock

        (371
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders

   $ 5,598      $ (759

Undistributed loss allocated to preferred stockholders

        475  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income (loss) allocated to common stockholders

   $ 5,598      $ (284
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Denominator:

     

Basic

     9,084,054        3,555,629  

Dilutive options

     51,950     
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted

     9,136,004        3,555,629  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share:

     

Basic

   $ 0.62      $ (0.08

Diluted

   $ 0.62      $ (0.08

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2018, there were no outstanding stock options that were excluded from the dilutive earnings per share calculation. None of the outstanding stock options for the three months ended June 30, 2017 were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because of their effect was antidilutive. All of the stock options for the six months ended June 30, 2017 were excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation because the effect was antidilutive.

On January 20, 2017, Riverview announced that it entered into agreements with accredited investors and qualified institutional buyers to raise approximately $17.0 million in common and preferred equity, before expenses, through the private placement of 269,885 shares of its no par value common stock at a price of $10.50 per share and 1,348,809 shares of a newly created Series A convertible, perpetual preferred stock (the “Series A preferred stock”) at a price of $10.50 per share.

The additional capital allowed Riverview to announce on April 20, 2017, the execution of a definitive business combination agreement to form a strategic partnership with CBT Financial Corp, Clearfield, Pennsylvania. This action formed a combined community banking franchise with approximately $1.2 billion in assets.

Effective as of the close of business on June 22, 2017, the Company filed an amendment to its Articles of Incorporation to authorize a class of non-voting common stock after obtaining shareholder approval on June 21, 2017. As a result, each share of Series A convertible, preferred stock was automatically converted into one share of non-voting common stock as of the effective date. The non-voting common stock has the same relative rights as, and is identical in all respects with, each other share of common stock of the Company, except that holders of non-voting common stock do not have voting rights.

 

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4. Investment securities:

The amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available-for-sale aggregated by investment category at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

June 30, 2018

   Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
 

State and municipals:

           

Taxable

   $ 34,917      $ 174      $ 1,253      $ 33,838  

Tax-exempt

     14,587        2        224        14,365  

Mortgage-backed securities:

           

U.S. Government agencies

     21,584        53        65        21,572  

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     9,432        12        355        9,089  

Corporate debt obligations

     9,522           478        9,044  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 90,042      $ 241      $ 2,375      $ 87,908  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

   Amortized
Cost
     Gross
Unrealized
Gains
     Gross
Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
 

State and municipals:

           

Taxable

   $ 35,352      $ 334      $ 684      $ 35,002  

Tax-exempt

     16,325        47        64        16,308  

Mortgage-backed securities:

           

U.S. Government agencies

     22,908        3        94        22,817  

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     10,218        19        148        10,089  

Corporate debt obligations

     9,529           544        8,985  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 94,332      $ 403      $ 1,534      $ 93,201  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The maturity distribution of the fair value, which is the net carrying amount, of the debt securities classified as available-for-sale at June 30, 2018, is summarized as follows:

 

June 30, 2018

   Fair
Value
 

Within one year

   $ 4,458  

After one but within five years

     3,842  

After five but within ten years

     13,810  

After ten years

     35,137  
  

 

 

 
     57,247  

Mortgage-backed securities

     30,661  
  

 

 

 

Total

   $ 87,908  
  

 

 

 

Securities with a carrying value of $28,879 and $93,201 at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, were pledged to secure public deposits and repurchase agreements as required or permitted by law.

Securities and short-term investment activities are conducted with a diverse group of government entities, corporations and state and local municipalities. The counterparty’s creditworthiness and type of collateral is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. At June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were no significant concentrations of credit risk from any one issuer, with the exception of U.S. Government agencies and sponsored enterprises that exceeded 10.0 percent of stockholders’ equity.

The fair value and gross unrealized losses of investment securities with unrealized losses for which an other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) has not been recognized at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, are summarized as follows:

 

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     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  

June 30, 2018

   Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 

State and municipals:

                 

Taxable

   $ 3,491      $ 69      $ 20,946      $ 1,184      $ 24,437      $ 1,253  

Tax-exempt

     12,833        224              12,833        224  

Mortgage-backed securities:

                 

U.S. Government agencies

     3,415        28        805        37        4,220        65  

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     3,789        106        3,809        249        7,598        355  

Corporate debt obligation

           9,044        478        9,044        478  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 23,528      $ 427      $ 34,604      $ 1,948      $ 58,132      $ 2,375  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Less Than 12 Months      12 Months or More      Total  

December 31, 2017

   Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
     Fair
Value
     Unrealized
Losses
 

State and municipals:

                 

Taxable

   $ 4,757      $ 30      $ 20,185      $ 654      $ 24,942      $ 684  

Tax-exempt

     10,506        64              10,506        64  

Mortgage-backed securities:

                 

U.S. Government agencies

     16,746        87        193        7        16,939        94  

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     4,294        23        4,174        125        8,468        148  

Corporate debt obligation

     3,800        200        5,185        344        8,985        544  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 40,103      $ 404      $ 29,737      $ 1,130      $ 69,840      $ 1,534  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company had 84 investment securities, consisting of 40 taxable state and municipal obligations, 25 tax-exempt municipal obligations, 15 mortgage-backed securities, and four corporate debt obligations that were in unrealized loss positions at June 30, 2018. Of these securities, 26 taxable state and municipal obligation, seven mortgage-backed securities and four corporate debt obligations were in a continuous unrealized loss position for twelve months or more. Management does not consider the unrealized losses on the debt securities, as a result of changes in interest rates, to be OTTI based on historical evidence that indicates the cost of these securities is recoverable within a reasonable period of time in relation to normal cyclical changes in the market rates of interest. Moreover, because there has been no material change in the credit quality of the issuers or other events or circumstances that may cause a significant adverse impact on the fair value of these securities, and management does not intend to sell these securities and it is unlikely that the Company will be required to sell these securities before recovery of their amortized cost basis, which may be maturity, the Company does not consider the unrealized losses to be OTTI at June 30, 2018. There was no OTTI recognized for the three months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.

The Company had 88 investment securities, consisting of 34 taxable state and municipal obligations, 21 tax-exempt state and municipal obligations, 29 mortgage-backed securities and four corporate debt obligations that were in unrealized loss positions at December 31, 2017. Of these securities, 25 taxable state and municipal obligations, five mortgage-backed securities and two corporate debt obligations were in a continuous unrealized loss position for twelve months or more.

5. Loans, net and allowance for loan losses:

The major classifications of loans outstanding, net of deferred loan origination fees and costs at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are summarized as follows. Net deferred loan costs were $942 and $863 at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

 

     June 30,
2018
     December 31,
2017
 

Commercial

   $ 130,499      $ 140,116  

Real estate:

     

Construction

     30,907        34,405  

Commercial

     534,903        526,230  

Residential

     231,176        240,626  

Consumer

     12,402        14,594  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 939,887      $ 955,971  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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The changes in the allowance for loan losses account by major classification of loan for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

           Real Estate                    

June 30, 2018

   Commercial     Construction     Commercial      Residential     Consumer     Unallocated     Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

               

Beginning Balance, April 1, 2018

   $ 816     $ 384     $ 3,458      $ 1,179     $ 32     $ 646     $ 6,515  

Charge-offs

     (93          (10     (63       (166

Recoveries

     5         2        20       25         52  

Provisions

     298       (135     146        106       42       (457  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 1,026     $ 249     $ 3,606      $ 1,295     $ 36     $ 189     $ 6,401  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           Real Estate                    

June 30, 2018

   Commercial     Construction     Commercial      Residential     Consumer     Unallocated     Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

               

Beginning Balance, January 1, 2018

   $ 1,206     $ 379     $ 2,963      $ 1,340     $ 37     $ 381     $ 6,306  

Charge-offs

     (170          (60     (162       (392

Recoveries

     8         4        21       64         97  

Provisions

     (18     (130     639        (6     97       (192     390  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 1,026     $ 249     $ 3,606      $ 1,295     $ 36     $ 189     $ 6,401  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           Real Estate                    

June 30, 2017

   Commercial     Construction     Commercial      Residential     Consumer     Unallocated     Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

               

Beginning Balance, April 1, 2017

   $ 625     $ 160     $ 2,545      $ 821     $ 54     $ 124     $ 4,329  

Charge-off

     (10          (9     (2       (21

Recoveries

            6       1         7  

Provisions

     142       32       420        10       (4     (81     519  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 757     $ 192     $ 2,965      $ 828     $ 49     $ 43     $ 4,834  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
           Real Estate                    

June 30, 2017

   Commercial     Construction     Commercial      Residential     Consumer     Unallocated     Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

               

Beginning Balance, January 1, 2017

   $ 629     $ 160     $ 2,110      $ 789     $ 44     $       $ 3,732  

Charge-offs

     (10          (16     (7       (33

Recoveries

         3        7       1         11  

Provisions

     138       32       852        48       11       43       1,124  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ending balance

   $ 757     $ 192     $ 2,965      $ 828     $ 49     $ 43     $ 4,834  
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

The allocation of the allowance for loan losses and the related loans by major classifications of loans at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 is summarized as follows:

 

            Real Estate                       

June 30, 2018

   Commercial      Construction      Commercial      Residential      Consumer      Unallocated      Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

                    

Ending balance

   $ 1,026      $ 249      $ 3,606      $ 1,295      $ 36      $ 189      $ 6,401  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

     58           76        42              176  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

     968        249        3,530        1,253        36        189        6,225  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: purchased credit impaired loans

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loans receivable:

                    

Ending balance

   $ 130,499      $ 30,907      $ 534,903      $ 231,176      $ 12,402      $        $ 939,887  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

     832           2,860        2,391              6,083  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

     129,301        30,907        527,394        227,974        12,402           927,978  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: purchased credit impaired loans

   $ 366      $        $ 4,649      $ 811      $        $        $ 5,826  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

16


Table of Contents
            Real Estate                       

December 31, 2017

   Commercial      Construction      Commercial      Residential      Consumer      Unallocated      Total  

Allowance for loan losses:

                    

Ending balance

   $ 1,206      $ 379      $ 2,963      $ 1,340      $ 37      $ 381      $ 6,306  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

     56           76        92              224  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

     1,150        379        2,887        1,248        37        381        6,082  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: purchased credit impaired loans

   $        $        $        $        $        $        $    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Loans receivable:

                    

Ending balance

   $ 140,116      $ 34,405      $ 526,230      $ 240,626      $ 14,594      $        $ 955,971  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: individually evaluated for impairment

     777           2,988        2,482              6,247  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: collectively evaluated for impairment

     138,824        34,405        516,300        237,089        14,594           941,212  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Ending balance: purchased credit impaired loans

   $ 515      $        $ 6,942      $ 1,055      $        $        $ 8,512  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company segments loans into risk categories based on relevant information about the ability of borrowers to service their debt such as current financial information, historical payment experience, credit documentation, public information, and current economic trends, among other factors. Loans are individually analyzed for credit risk by classifying them within the Company’s internal risk rating system. The Company’s risk rating classifications are defined as follows:

 

   

Pass—A loan to borrowers with acceptable credit quality and risk that is not adversely classified as Substandard, Doubtful, Loss or designated as Special Mention.

 

   

Special Mention—A loan that has potential weaknesses that deserves management’s close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the loan or in the institution’s credit position at some future date. Special Mention loans are not adversely classified since they do not expose the Company to sufficient risk to warrant adverse classification.

 

   

Substandard—A loan that is inadequately protected by the current sound worth and paying capacity of the obligor or by the collateral pledged, if any. Loans so classified must have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.

 

   

Doubtful—A loan classified as Doubtful has all the weaknesses inherent in one classified Substandard with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make the collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable.

 

   

Loss—A loan classified as Loss is considered uncollectible and of such little value that its continuance as a bankable loan is not warranted. This classification does not mean that the loan has absolutely no recovery or salvage value, but rather it is not practical or desirable to defer writing off this basically worthless asset even though partial recovery may be effected in the future.

 

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Table of Contents

The following tables present the major classification of loans summarized by the aggregate pass rating and the classified ratings of special mention, substandard and doubtful within the Company’s internal risk rating system at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

June 30, 2018

   Pass      Special
Mention
     Substandard      Doubtful      Total  

Commercial

   $ 116,774      $ 9,615      $ 4,110         $ 130,499  

Real estate:

              

Construction

     30,457        327        123           30,907  

Commercial

     508,657        10,868        15,378           534,903  

Residential

     225,667        2,614        2,895           231,176  

Consumer

     12,396           6           12,402  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 893,951      $ 23,424      $ 22,512         $ 939,887  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

December 31, 2017

   Pass      Special
Mention
     Substandard      Doubtful      Total  

Commercial

   $ 126,506      $ 9,372      $ 4,238         $ 140,116  

Real estate:

              

Construction

     32,840        1,442        123           34,405  

Commercial

     497,852        15,305        13,073           526,230  

Residential

     234,808        2,214        3,604           240,626  

Consumer

     14,474        120              14,594  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 906,480      $ 28,453      $ 21,038         $ 955,971  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables present the classes of the loan portfolio summarized by the aging categories of performing loans and nonaccrual loans as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. Purchase credit impaired (“PCI”) loans are excluded from the aging and nonaccrual loan schedules.

 

     Accrual Loans                

June 30, 2018

   30-59 Days
Past Due
     60-89 Days
Past Due
     90 or More
Days Past
Due
     Total Past
Due
     Current      Nonaccrual
Loans
     Total Loans  

Commercial

   $ 665      $        $        $ 665      $ 128,745      $ 723      $ 130,133  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

     86              86        30,821           30,907  

Commercial

     153        200        1,328        1,681        528,237        335        530,253  

Residential

     2,538        379        186        3,103        226,257        1,006        230,366  

Consumer

     190        75        22        287        12,109        6        12,402  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 3,632      $ 654      $ 1,536      $ 5,822      $ 926,169      $ 2,070      $ 934,061  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchased credit impaired loans

                       5,826  
                    

 

 

 

Total Loans

                     $ 939,887  
                    

 

 

 

 

     Accrual Loans                

December 31, 2017

   30-59 Days
Past Due
     60-89 Days
Past Due
     90 or More
Days Past
Due
     Total Past
Due
     Current      Nonaccrual
Loans
     Total Loans  

Commercial

   $ 1,829      $ 85         $ 1,914      $ 137,612      $ 75      $ 139,601  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

     8              8        34,397           34,405  

Commercial

     2,213        152      $ 150        2,515        516,410        363        519,288  

Residential

     2,110        551        533        3,194        235,070        1,307        239,571  

Consumer

     149        60        9        218        14,376           14,594  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 6,309      $ 848      $ 692      $ 7,849      $ 937,865      $ 1,745      $ 947,459  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Purchased credit impaired loans

                       8,512  
                    

 

 

 

Total Loans

                     $ 955,971  
                    

 

 

 

 

18


Table of Contents

The following tables summarize information concerning impaired loans as of and for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017, and as of and for the year ended, December 31, 2017 by major loan classification:

 

                          This Quarter      Year-to-Date  

June 30, 2018

   Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no related allowance:

                    

Commercial

   $ 366      $ 366      $        $ 700      $ 19      $ 909      $ 372  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     6,978        6,978           7,531        335        8,134        1,370  

Residential

     3,017        3,085           3,085        58        3,168        137  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     10,361        10,429           11,316        412        12,211        1,879  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

                    

Commercial

     832        832        58        969        1        705        3  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     531        531        76        533        1        534        7  

Residential

     185        323        42        186        1        186        3  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     1,548        1,686        176        1,688        3        1,425        13  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial

     1,198        1,198        58        1,669        20        1,614        375  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     7,509        7,509        76        8,064        336        8,668        1,377  

Residential

     3,202        3,408        42        3,271        59        3,354        140  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 11,909      $ 12,115      $ 176      $ 13,004      $ 415      $ 13,636      $ 1,892  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

                          For the Year Ended  

December 31, 2017

   Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no related allowance:

              

Commercial

   $ 1,107      $ 1,107      $        $ 1,210      $ 77  

Real estate:

              

Construction

              

Commercial

     9,399        9,399           10,164        340  

Residential

     3,197        3,215           2,896        149  

Consumer

              
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     13,703        13,721           14,270        566  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

              

Commercial

     185        185        56        186        1  

Real estate:

              

Construction

              

Commercial

     531        531        76        532        23  

Residential

     340        478        92        339        12  

Consumer

              
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     1,056        1,194        224        1,057        36  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial

     1,292        1,292        56        1,396        78  

Real estate:

              

Construction

              

Commercial

     9,930        9,930        76        10,696        363  

Residential

     3,537        3,693        92        3,235        161  

Consumer

              
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 14,759      $ 14,915      $ 224      $ 15,327      $ 602  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

19


Table of Contents
                          This Quarter      Year-to-Date  

June 30, 2017

   Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

With no related allowance:

                    

Commercial

   $ 840      $ 840      $        $ 842      $ 7      $ 805      $ 15  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     2,685        2,685           2,991        22        3,110        58  

Residential

     2,342        2,342           2,280        26        2,461        59  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     5,867        5,867           6,113        55        6,376        132  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

With an allowance recorded:

                    

Commercial

     83        83        33        28        1        75        1  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     865        865        205        865        6        787        12  

Residential

     189        327        58        189        4        94        4  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

     1,137        1,275        296        1,082        11        956        17  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commercial

     923        923        33        870        8        880        16  

Real estate:

                    

Construction

                    

Commercial

     3,550        3,550        205        3,856        28        3,897        70  

Residential

     2,531        2,669        58        2,469        30        2,555        63  

Consumer

                    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 7,004      $ 7,142      $ 296      $ 7,195      $ 66      $ 7,332      $ 149  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

For the three and six months ended June 30, interest income related to impaired loans, would have increased by $9 and $56 in 2018 and $28 and $54 in 2017 had the loans been current and the terms of the loans not been modified.

Troubled debt restructured loans are loans with original terms, interest rate, or both, that have been modified as a result of a deterioration in the borrower’s financial condition and a concession has been granted that the Company would not otherwise consider. Unless on nonaccrual, interest income on these loans is recognized when earned, using the interest method. The Company offers a variety of modifications to borrowers that would be considered concessions. The modification categories offered generally fall within the following categories:

 

   

Rate Modification—A modification in which the interest rate is changed to a below market rate.

 

   

Term Modification—A modification in which the maturity date, timing of payments or frequency of payments is changed.

 

   

Interest Only Modification—A modification in which the loan is converted to interest only payments for a period of time.

 

   

Payment Modification—A modification in which the dollar amount of the payment is changed, other than an interest only modification described above.

 

   

Combination Modification—Any other type of modification, including the use of multiple categories above.

Included in the commercial loan and commercial and residential real estate categories are troubled debt restructurings that are classified as impaired. Troubled debt restructurings totaled $4,804 at June 30, 2018, $5,606 at December 31, 2017 and $5,635 at June 30, 2017.

There were no loans modified as troubled debt restructuring for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018. There was one loan modified as troubled debt restructuring for the three months ended June 30, 2017 in the amount of $109 and two loans modified as troubled debt restructuring for the six months ended June 30, 2017 in the amount of $138.

 

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During the three months ended June 30, 2018, there was one default on loans restructured totaling $228 and six defaults on loans restructured totaling $1,474 during the six months ended June 30, 2018. During the three months ended June 30, 2017, there were no defaults on loans restructured within the last twelve months. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, there were four defaults on loan restructured within the last twelve months totaling $1,229.

Purchased loans are initially recorded at their acquisition date fair values. The carryover of the allowance for loan losses is prohibited as any credit losses in the loans are included in the determination of the fair value of the loans at the acquisition date. Fair values for purchased loans are based on a cash flow methodology that involves assumptions and judgments as to credit risk, default rates, loss severity, collateral values, discount rates, payment speeds, and prepayment risk.

As part of its acquisition due diligence process, the Bank reviews the acquired institution’s loan grading system and the associated risk rating for loans. In performing this review, the Bank considers cash flows, debt service coverage, delinquency status, accrual status, and collateral for the loan. This process allows the Bank to clearly identify the population of acquired loans that had evidence of deterioration in credit quality since origination and for which it was probable, at acquisition, that the Bank would be unable to collect all contractually required payments. All such loans identified by the Bank are considered to be within the scope of ASC 310-30, Loan and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality and are identified as “Purchased Credit Impaired Loans”.

As a result of the merger with CBT, effective October 1, 2017, the Bank identified 37 PCI loans. As part of the merger with Citizens, effective December 31, 2015, the Bank identified 10 PCI loans. As a result of the consolidation with Union, effective November 1, 2013, the Bank identified 14 PCI loans. For all PCI loans, the excess of cash flows expected at acquisition over the estimated fair value is referred to as the accretable discount and is recognized into interest income over the remaining life of the loan. The difference between contractually required payments at acquisition and the cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition is referred to as the non-accretable discount. The non-accretable discount represents estimated future credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of the loan. Subsequent decreases to the expected cash flows require the Bank to evaluate the need for an allowance for loan losses on these loans. Subsequent improvements in expected cash flows result in the reversal of a corresponding amount of the non-accretable discount which the Bank then reclassifies as an accretable discount that is recognized into interest income over the remaining life of the loan. The Bank’s evaluation of the amount of future cash flows that it expects to collect is based on a cash flow methodology that involves assumptions and judgments as to credit risk, collateral values, discount rates, payment speeds, and prepayment risk. Charge-offs of the principal amount on purchased impaired loans are first applied to the non-accretable discount.

For purchased loans that are not deemed impaired at acquisition, credit discounts representing principal losses expected over the life of the loans are a component of the initial fair value, and the discount is accreted to interest income over the life of the asset. Subsequent to the purchase date, the method used to evaluate the sufficiency of the credit discount is similar to originated loans, and if necessary, additional reserves are recognized in the allowance for loan losses.

The unpaid principal balances and the related carrying amount of acquired loans as of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were as follows:

 

     June 30,
2018
     December 31,
2017
 

Credit impaired purchased loans evaluated individually for incurred credit losses:

     

Outstanding balance

   $ 12,201      $ 16,803  

Carrying Amount

     5,826        8,512  

Other purchased loans evaluated collectively for incurred credit losses:

     

Outstanding balance

     372,628        421,620  

Carrying Amount

     370,426        418,146  

Total Purchased Loans:

     

Outstanding balance

     384,829        438,423  

Carrying Amount

   $ 376,252      $ 426,658  

 

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As of the indicated dates, the changes in the accretable discount related to the purchased credit impaired loans were as follows:

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2018      2017      2018      2017  

Balance – beginning of period

   $ 1,655      $ 323      $ 2,129      $ 370  

Accretion recognized during the period

     (411      (21      (1,854      (44

Net reclassification from non-accretable to accretable

     195        11        1,164        (13
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance – end of period

   $ 1,439      $ 313      $ 1,439      $ 313  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The Company is a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk in the normal course of business to meet the financing needs of its customers. These financial instruments include commitments to extend credit, unused portions of lines of credit and standby letters of credit. Those instruments involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated balance sheets.

Unused commitments at June 30, 2018, totaled $130,154 consisting of $60,510 in commitments to extend credit, $65,049 in unused portions of lines of credit and $4,595 in standby letters of credit. Due to fixed maturity dates, specified conditions within these instruments, and the ultimate needs of our customers, many will expire without being drawn upon. We believe that amounts actually drawn upon can be funded in the normal course of operations and therefore, do not represent a significant liquidity risk to us. In comparison, unused commitments, at December 31, 2017, totaled $129,734, consisting of $52,706 in commitments to extend credit, $72,157 in unused portions of lines of credit and $4,871 in standby letters of credit.

6. Other assets:

The components of other assets at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

     June 30,
2018
     December 31,
2017
 

Other real estate owned

   $ 90      $ 236  

Bank owned life insurance

     29,476        29,065  

Restricted equity securities

     1,160        1,306  

Deferred tax assets

     7,087        7,949  

Other assets

     5,087        5,147  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 42,900      $ 43,703  
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (“FHLB-Pgh”) and Atlantic Community Bankers Bank (“ACBB”), the Company is required to purchase and hold stock in these entities to satisfy membership and borrowing requirements. These restricted equity securities can only be redeemed or sold at their par value and only to the respective issuing institution or to another member institution. The Company records these non-marketable equity securities as a component of other assets and periodically evaluates these securities for impairment. Management considers these non-marketable equity securities to be long-term investments. Accordingly, when evaluating these securities for impairment, management considers the ultimate recoverability of the par value rather than recognizing temporary declines in value.

7. Fair value estimates:

The Company uses fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain assets and liabilities and to determine fair value disclosure under GAAP. Fair value estimates are calculated without attempting to estimate the value of anticipated future business and the value of certain assets and liabilities that are not considered financial. Accordingly, such assets and liabilities are excluded from disclosure requirements.

In accordance with FASB ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”, fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value is best determined based upon quoted market prices. In cases where quoted market prices are not available, fair values are based on estimates using present value or other valuation techniques. Those techniques are significantly affected by the assumptions used, including the discount rate and estimates of future cash flows. In that regard, the derived fair value estimates cannot be substantiated by comparison to independent markets. In many cases, these values cannot be realized in immediate settlement of the instrument.

 

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Current fair value guidance provides a consistent definition of fair value, which focuses on exit price in an orderly transaction that is not a forced liquidation or distressed sale between participants at the measurement date under current market conditions. If there has been a significant decrease in the volume and level of activity for the asset or liability, a change in valuation technique or the use of multiple valuation techniques may be appropriate. In such instances, determining the price at which willing market participants would transact at the measurement date under current market conditions depends on the facts and circumstances and requires the use of significant judgment. The fair value is a reasonable point within the range that is most representative of fair value under current market conditions.

In accordance with GAAP, the Company groups its assets and liabilities generally measured at fair value into three levels based on market information or other fair value estimates in which the assets and liabilities are traded or valued, and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels include:

 

   

Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices of identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the entity has the ability to access as of the measurement date.

 

   

Level 2: Significant other observable inputs other than Level 1 prices such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.

 

   

Level 3: Significant unobservable inputs that reflect a reporting entity’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability.

An asset’s or liability’s placement in the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value estimate.

The following methods and assumptions were used by the Company to calculate fair values and related carrying amounts of assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

Investment securities: The fair values of U.S. Treasury securities and marketable equity securities are based on quoted market prices from active exchange markets. The fair values of debt securities are based on pricing from a matrix pricing model.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

     Fair Value Measurement Using  

June 30, 2018

   Amount      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

State and Municipals:

           

Taxable

   $ 33,838         $ 33,838     

Tax-exempt

     14,365           14,365     

Mortgage-backed securities:

           

U.S. Government agencies

     21,572           21,572     

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     9,089           9,089     

Corporate debt obligations

     9,044           9,044     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 87,908         $ 87,908     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

     Fair Value Measurement Using  

December 31, 2017

   Amount      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

State and municipals:

           

Taxable

   $ 35,002         $ 35,002     

Tax-exempt

     16,308           16,308     

Mortgage-backed securities:

           

U.S. Government agencies

     22,817           22,817     

U.S. Government-sponsored enterprises

     10,089           10,089     

Corporate debt obligations

     8,985           8,985     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 93,201         $ 93,201     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

     Fair Value Measurement Using  

June 30, 2018

   Amount      (Level 1)
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
     (Level 2)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
     (Level 3)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 

Other real estate owned

   $ 90            $ 90  

Impaired loans, net of related allowance

     1,372              1,372  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,462            $ 1,462  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Fair Value Measurement Using  

December 31, 2017

   Amount      (Level 1)
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
     (Level 2)
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
     (Level 3)
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
 

Other real estate owned

   $ 236            $ 236  

Impaired loans, net of related allowance

     832              832  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ 1,068            $ 1,068  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Fair values of impaired loans are based on the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.

Fair value of other real estate owned is generally determined through independent appraisals of the underlying collateral, which generally include various Level 3 inputs which are not identifiable. Appraisals may be adjusted by management for qualitative factors such as economic conditions and estimated liquidation expenses. The range and weighted average of liquidation expenses and other appraisal adjustments are presented as a percent of the appraisal.

The following tables present additional quantitative information about assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis and for which the Company utilized Level 3 inputs to determine fair value at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

     Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements

June 30, 2018

   Fair Value
Estimate
     Valuation Techniques    Unobservable Input    Range
(Weighted Average)

Other real estate owned

   $ 90      Appraisal of collateral    Appraisal adjustments    7.4% to 69.0% (31.0)%
         Liquidation expenses    0.0% to 7.0% (7.0)%

Impaired loans

   $ 1,372      Appraisal of collateral    Appraisal adjustments    0.0% to 0.0% (0.0)%
         Liquidation expenses    7.0% to 20.0% (11.0)%
     Quantitative Information about Level 3 Fair Value Measurements

December 31, 2017

   Fair Value
Estimate
     Valuation Techniques    Unobservable Input    Range
(Weighted Average)

Other real estate owned

   $ 236      Appraisal of collateral    Appraisal adjustments    0.0% to 69.0% (39.0)%
         Liquidation expenses    0.0% to 7.0% (7.0)%

Impaired loans

   $ 832      Appraisal of collateral    Appraisal adjustments    0.0% to 0.0% (0.0)%
         Liquidation expenses    0.0% to 7.0% (7.0)%

Fair value is generally determined through independent appraisals of the underlying collateral, which generally include various Level 3 Inputs which are not identifiable.

Appraisals may be adjusted by management for qualitative factors such as economic conditions and estimated liquidation expenses. The range and weighted average of liquidation expenses and other appraisal adjustments are presented as a percent of the appraisal.

 

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The carrying and fair values of the Company’s financial instruments at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 and their placement within the fair value hierarchy are as follows:

 

            Fair Value Hierarchy  

June 30, 2018

   Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

Financial assets:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 36,620      $ 36,620      $ 36,620        

Investment securities

     87,908        87,908         $ 87,908     

Loans held for sale

     873        873           873     

Net loans (1)

     933,486        923,867            $ 923,867  

Accrued interest receivable

     2,786        2,786           589        2,197  

Restricted equity securities

     1,160        1,160        1,160        

Financial liabilities:

              

Deposits

   $ 1,017,722      $ 973,490         $ 973,490     

Long-term debt

     13,091        14,320           14,320     

Accrued interest payable

     449        449           449     
            Fair Value Hierarchy  

December 31, 2017

   Carrying
Amount
     Fair Value      Quoted Prices in
Active Markets
for Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

Financial assets:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 25,786      $ 25,786      $ 25,786        

Investment securities available-for-sale

     93,201        93,201         $ 93,201     

Loans held for sale

     254        254           254     

Net loans (1)

     949,665        954,876            $ 954,876  

Accrued interest receivable

     3,237        3,237           640        2,597  

Restricted equity securities

     1,306        1,306        1,306        

Financial liabilities:

              

Deposits

   $ 1,026,480      $ 1,022,068         $ 1,022,068     

Short-term borrowings

     6,000        6,000           6,000     

Long-term debt

     13,233        14,634           14,634     

Accrued interest payable

     468        468           468     

 

(1)

The carrying amount is net of unearned income and the allowance for loan losses in accordance with the adoption of ASU No. 2016-01 where the fair value of loans as of June 30, 2018 was measured using an exit price notion. The fair value of loans at December 31, 2017 was measured using an entry price notion.

Note 8. Revenue recognition:

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU No. 2014-09 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606) and all subsequent ASUs that modified Topic 606. As stated in Note 1 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, the implementation of the new standard did not have a material impact on the measurement or recognition of revenue; as such, a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings was not deemed necessary. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts were not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historic accounting under Topic 605.

Topic 606 does not apply to revenue associated with financial instruments, including revenue from loans and securities. In addition, certain noninterest income streams such as fees associated with mortgage servicing rights, financial guarantees, derivatives, and certain credit card fees are also not in scope of the new guidance. Topic 606 is applicable to noninterest revenue streams such as trust and asset management income, deposit related fees, interchange fees, merchant income, and other fees. However, the recognition of these revenue streams did not change significantly upon adoption of Topic 606. Substantially all of the Company’s revenue is generated from contracts with customers. Noninterest revenue streams in-scope of Topic 606 are discussed below.

 

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Service Charges, Fees and Commissions

Service charges on deposit accounts consist of monthly service fees, check orders, and other deposit account related fees. The Company’s performance obligation for monthly service fees is generally satisfied, and the related revenue recognized, over the period in which the service is provided. Check orders and other deposit account related fees are largely transactional based, and therefore, the Company’s performance obligation is satisfied, and related revenue recognized, at a point in time. Payment for service charges on deposit accounts is primarily received immediately or in the following month through a direct charge to customers’ accounts.

Fees, exchange, and other service charges are primarily comprised of debit and credit card income, ATM fees, merchant services income, and other service charges. Debit and credit card income is primarily comprised of interchange fees earned whenever the Company’s debit and credit cards are processed through card payment networks such as Mastercard. Such income is presented net of network expenses as the Company acts as an agent in these transactions. ATM fees are primarily generated when a Company cardholder uses a non-Company ATM, or a non-Company cardholder uses a Company ATM. Merchant services income mainly represents fees charged to merchants to process their debit and credit card transactions, in addition to account management fees. Other service charges include revenue from processing wire transfers, bill pay service, cashier’s checks, and other services. The Company’s performance obligation for fees, exchange, and other service charges are largely satisfied, and related revenue recognized, when the services are rendered or upon completion. Payment is typically received immediately or in the following month.

Other noninterest income consists of other recurring revenue streams such as commissions from sales of mutual funds and other investments, investment advisor fees from wealth management products, safety deposit box rental fees, and other miscellaneous revenue streams. Commissions from the sale of mutual funds and other investments are recognized on trade date, which is when the Company has satisfied its performance obligation. The Company also receives periodic service fees or trailers from mutual fund companies typically based on a percentage of net asset value. Trailer revenue is recorded over time, usually monthly or quarterly, as net asset value is determined. Investment advisor fees from wealth management products is earned over time and based on an annual percentage rate of the net asset value. The investment advisor fees are charged to the customer’s account in advance on the first month of the quarter, and the revenue is recognized over the following three-month period. Safe deposit box rental fees are charged to the customer on an annual basis and recognized upon receipt of payment. The Company determined that since rentals and renewals occur fairly consistently over time, revenue is recognized on a basis consistent with the duration of the performance obligation.

Trust and Asset Management

Trust and asset management income is primarily comprised of fees earned from the management and administration of trusts and other customer assets. The Company’s performance obligation is generally satisfied over time and the resulting fees are recognized monthly, based upon the month-end market value of the assets under management and the applicable fee rate. Payment is generally received a few days after month end through a direct charge to customers’ accounts. The Company does not earn performance-based incentives. Optional services such as real estate sales and tax return preparation services are also available to existing trust and asset management customers. The Company’s performance obligation for these transactional-based services is generally satisfied, and related revenue recognized, at a point in time (i.e., as incurred). Payment is received shortly after services are rendered.

The following presents noninterest income, segregated by revenue streams in-scope and out-of-scope of Topic 606, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

     Three Months Ended      Six Months Ended  

June 30,

   2018      2017      2018      2017  

Noninterest Income:

           

In-scope of Topic 606:

           

Service charges, fees and commissions

   $ 1,651      $ 292      $ 2,879      $ 629  

Trust and asset management

     454        225        818        513  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Noninterest income (in-scope of Topic 606)

     2,105        517        3,697        1,142  

Noninterest income (out-of-scope of Topic 606)

     428        285        789        439  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total noninterest income

   $ 2,533      $ 802      $ 4,486      $ 1,581  
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Contract Balances

A contract asset balance occurs when an entity performs a service for a customer before the customer pays consideration, resulting in a contract receivable, or before payment is due, resulting in a contract asset. A contract liability balance is an entity’s obligation to transfer a service to a customer for which the entity has already received payment (or payment is due) from the customer. The Company’s noninterest revenue streams are largely based on transactional activity, or standard month-end revenue accruals such as asset management fees based on month-end market values. Consideration is often received immediately or shortly after the Company

 

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satisfies its performance obligation and revenue is recognized. The Company does not typically enter into long-term revenue contracts with customers, and therefore, does not experience significant contract balances. As of June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company did not have any significant contract balances.

Contract Acquisition Costs

In connection with the adoption of Topic 606, an entity is required to capitalize, and subsequently amortize into expense, certain incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer if these costs are expected to be recovered. The incremental costs of obtaining a contract are those costs that an entity incurs to obtain a contract with a customer that it would not have incurred if the contract had not been obtained, for example, sales commission. The Company utilizes the practical expedient which allows entities to immediately expense contract acquisition costs when the asset that would have resulted from capitalizing these costs would have been amortized in one year or less. Upon adoption of Topic 606, the Company did not capitalize any contract acquisition cost.

 

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Riverview Financial Corporation

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements contained in Part I, Item 1 of this report, and with our audited consolidated financial statements and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” presented in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements:

This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to risks and uncertainties. These statements are based on assumptions and may describe future plans, strategies and expectations of Riverview Financial Corporation and its direct and indirect subsidiaries. These forward-looking statements are generally identified by use of the words “believe,” “expect,” “intend,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “project” or similar expressions. All statements in this report, other than statements of historical facts, are forward-looking statements.

Our ability to predict results or the actual effect of future plans or strategies is inherently uncertain. Important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: our ability to achieve the intended benefits of acquisitions and integration of previously acquired businesses; restructuring initiatives; changes in interest rates; economic conditions, particularly in our market area; legislative and regulatory changes and the ability to comply with the significant laws and regulations governing the banking and financial services business; monetary and fiscal policies of the U.S. government, including policies of the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Federal Reserve System; credit risk associated with lending activities and changes in the quality and composition of our loan and investment portfolios; demand for loan and other products; deposit flows; competition; changes in the values of real estate and other collateral securing the loan portfolio, particularly in our market area; changes in relevant accounting principles and guidelines; and inability of third party service providers to perform.

These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements. Except as required by applicable law or regulation, Riverview Financial Corporation does not undertake, and specifically disclaims any obligation, to release publicly the result of any revisions that may be made to any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of the statements or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements referred to in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) are incorporated by reference into the MD&A. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform with the current year’s presentation and did not have any effect on the operating results or financial position of the Company.

Critical Accounting Policies:

Disclosure of our significant accounting policies are included in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements of the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. Some of these policies are particularly sensitive requiring significant judgments, estimates and assumptions. Critical accounting policies are defined as those that are reflective of significant judgments and uncertainties and could potentially result in materially different results under different assumptions and conditions. We believe that the most critical accounting policies upon which our financial condition and results of operation depend, and which involve the most complex subjective decisions or assessments, are included in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 23, 2018.

Operating Environment:

The United States economy grew at the strongest pace in nearly four years during the second quarter of 2018 powered by a rebound in consumer spending, exports and business investment. The gross domestic product (“GDP”), the value of all goods and services produced in the United States, increased at an annualized rate of 4.1% in the second quarter of 2018 compared to 2.2% in the first quarter of 2018. The consumer price index for the last 12 months rose 2.9% ending June 30, 2018. Excluding the food and energy components, core consumer price index increased 2.3% over the latest twelve months which was above the Federal Open Market Committee (“FOMC”) inflation benchmark of 2.0%. Based on recent trends of higher inflation, the FOMC increased the federal funds target rate on June 13, 2018 for the fifth time since the beginning of 2017 to a range of 1.75% to 2.00%. The FOMC is expected to

 

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continue their gradual pace of interest rate increases aimed at keeping the economy from overheating without moving so fast as to curtain the economic expansion. Accordingly, these interest rate increases may have an adverse impact on our loan growth, asset quality and fund costs.

Review of Financial Position:

Total assets decreased $11,803, to $1,151,804 at June 30, 2018, from $1,163,607 at December 31, 2017. Loans, net decreased to $939,887 at June 30, 2018, compared to $955,971 at December 31, 2017, a decrease of $16,084. The decrease in loans during the first six months of 2018 was primary a result of payments and prepayments on commercial and residential real estate loans. Investment securities decreased $5,293, or 5.7%, in the six months ended June 30, 2018. Noninterest-bearing deposits increased $14,337, while interest-bearing deposits decreased $23,095 in the six months ended June 30, 2018. Total stockholders’ equity increased $4,211, or 4.0%, to $110,467 at June 30, 2018 from $106,256 at year-end 2017. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, total assets averaged $1,158,812, an increase of $574.781 from $584,031 for the same period in 2017. The growth in average assets was primarily a result of the inclusion of the assets for both Riverview and CBT for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to Riverview on a standalone basis for the same period last year. For the second quarter of 2018, total assets and deposits decreased $19,362 and $20,883, respectively, while loans, net increased $5,697.

Investment Portfolio:

The Company’s entire investment portfolio is held as available-for-sale, which allows for greater flexibility in using the investment portfolio for liquidity purposes by allowing securities to be sold when favorable market opportunities exist. Investment securities available-for-sale totaled $87,908 at June 30, 2018, a decrease of $5,293, or 5.7%, from $93,201 at December 31, 2017. The reduction was a result of payments, prepayments, and sales on investments partially offset by $6,839 securities acquired in the first six months of 2018.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, the investment portfolio averaged $92,314, an increase of $18,068 compared to $74,246 for the same period last year. The increase was primarily attributable to assets acquired from the merger. The tax-equivalent yield on the investment portfolio decreased to 2.78% for the six months ended June 30, 2018, from 3.46% for the comparable period of 2017. The tax-equivalent yield on the investment portfolio for the second quarter of 2018 increased eight basis points to 2.81% from 2.74% for the first quarter of 2018.

Securities available-for-sale are carried at fair value, with unrealized gains or losses net of deferred income taxes reported in the accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) component of stockholders’ equity. We reported a net unrealized holding loss, included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity of $1,686, net of deferred income taxes of $448, at June 30, 2018, and 893, net of deferred income taxes of $238 at December 31, 2017. The increase in the net unrealized holding loss was a result of increases in general market rates.

Loan Portfolio:

Loans, net, decreased to $939,887 at June 30, 2018 from $955,971 at December 31, 2017, a decrease of $16,084, or 1.7%. We experienced declines in all major sectors of loans with the exception of commercial loans that grew $8,673 during the first half of 2018. Business loans, including commercial, construction and commercial real estate loans, decreased $4,442, or 0.6%, to $696,309 at June 30, 2018 from $700,751 at December 31, 2017. Retail loans, including residential real estate and consumer loans, decreased $11,642, or 4.6%, to $243,578 at June 30, 2018 from $255,220 at year-end 2017. Comparatively, loans, net, grew $95,406, or 23.3%, in the first half of 2017. Loan originations in the first half of 2018 represented a more moderate pace as compared to the same period of 2017. The reduction in loan growth was a result of management’s decision to focus on improving margins on loan originations through employing prudent pricing practices and maintaining strong underwriting standards. For the second quarter of 2018, loans, net grew $5,697, or 0.6%. Business loans increased $11,718, while retail loans decreased $6,021 during the second quarter of 2018.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, loans, net averaged $939,559, an increase of $491,874 compared to $447,685 for the same period of 2017. The tax-equivalent yield on the loan portfolio was 5.16% for the six months ended June 30, 2018, an 84 basis point increase from the comparable period last year. Loan accretion included in loan interest income in the first six months of 2018 related to acquired loans was $2,613. The tax-equivalent yield excluding the loan accretion would have been 4.60% in the first six months of 2018. The tax-equivalent yield on the loan portfolio decreased 43 basis points during the second quarter of 2018 to 4.95% from the 5.38% in the first quarter of 2018 with the primary cause being the reduction in loan accretion from $1,873 for the first quarter of 2018 to $740 for the second quarter of 2018.

In addition to the risks inherent in our loan portfolio in the normal course of business, we are also a party to financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk to meet the financing needs of our customers. These instruments include legally binding commitments to extend credit, unused portions of lines of credit and commercial letters of credit made under the same underwriting standards as on-balance

 

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sheet instruments, and may involve, to varying degrees, elements of credit risk and interest rate risk (“IRR”) in excess of the amount recognized in the consolidated financial statements.

Off-balance sheet commitments at June 30, 2018, totaled $130,154, consisting of $60,510 in commitments to extend credit, $65,049 in unused portions of lines of credit and $4,595 in standby letters of credit. Due to fixed maturity dates, specified conditions within these instruments, and the ultimate needs of our customers, many will expire without being drawn upon. We believe that amounts actually drawn upon can be funded in the normal course of operations and therefore, do not represent a significant liquidity risk to us. In comparison, off-balance sheet commitments, at December 31, 2017, totaled $129,734, consisting of $52,706 in commitments to extend credit, $72,157 in unused portions of lines of credit and $4,871 in standby letters of credit.

Asset Quality:

National, Pennsylvania and market area unemployment rates at June 30, 2018 and 2017 are summarized as follows:

 

         2018             2017      

United States

     4.2     4.5

Pennsylvania

     4.4       5.0  

Berks County

     3.6       4.7  

Blair County

     3.5       5.1  

Centre County

     3.0       3.9  

Clearfield County

     4.1       5.7  

Dauphin County

     3.4       4.8  

Huntingdon County

     3.9       5.5  

Lebanon County

     3.1       4.2  

Lycoming County

     4.1       5.5  

Northumberland County

     4.4       5.3  

Perry County

     3.1       4.4  

Schuylkill County

     4.4       5.9  

Somerset County

     4.1       5.9  

Employment conditions in 2018 improved for the United States, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and all of the Counties in which we have branch locations. The average unemployment rate for all of our Counties improved to 3.7% in 2018 from 5.1% in 2017. The lowest unemployment rate in 2018 for all the Counties we serve was 3.0% which was in Centre County with the highest recorded rate being 4.4% in Northumberland and Schuylkill Counties. An increase in unemployment rates may have a negative impact on economic growth within these areas and could have a corresponding effect on our business by decreasing loan demand and weakening asset quality.

Our asset quality weakened slightly in the six months ended June 30, 2018. Nonperforming assets increased $237, or 2.9% to $8,388 at June 30, 2018, from $8,151 at December 31, 2017. We experienced increases in accruing loans past due 90 days or more and nonaccrual loans which were partially offset by decreases in accruing restructured loans and other real estate owned. As a percentage of loans, net and foreclosed assets, nonperforming assets equaled 0.89% at June 30, 2018 compared to 0.85% at December 31, 2017.

Loans on nonaccrual status increased $325 to $2,070 at June 30, 2018 from $1,745 at December 31, 2017. The increase in nonaccrual loans was due to increases of $648 in commercial loans and $6 in consumer loans partially offset by decreases of $28 in commercial real estate loans and $301 in residential real estate loans. Accruing troubled debt restructured loans declined $785, to $4,693 at June 30, 2018 from $5,478 at December 31, 2017. Accruing loans past due 90 days or more increased $843, while other real estate owned decreased $146 during the six months ended June 30, 2018.

In addition, compared to the end of the second quarter of 2017, nonperforming assets increased $1,248, from $7,141 at June 30, 2017. Decreases in accruing troubled debt restructured loans and other real estate owned, partially offset increases in nonaccrual loans and accruing loans past due 90 days or more.

Generally, maintaining a high loan to deposit ratio is our primary goal in order to maximize profitability. However, this objective is superseded by our attempts to ensure that asset quality remains strong. We continue to focus our efforts on maintaining sound underwriting standards for both commercial and consumer credit.

We maintain the allowance for loan losses at a level we believe adequate to absorb probable credit losses related to specifically identified loans, as well as probable incurred loan losses inherent in the remainder of the loan portfolio as of the balance sheet date. The allowance for loan losses is based on past events and current economic conditions. We employ the Federal Financial Institutions

 

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Examination Council Interagency Policy Statement, as amended December 13, 2006, and GAAP in assessing the adequacy of the allowance account. Under GAAP, the adequacy of the allowance account is determined based on the provisions of FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 310, “Receivables”, for loans specifically identified to be individually evaluated for impairment and the requirements of FASB ASC 450, “Contingencies”, for large groups of smaller-balance homogeneous loans to be collectively evaluated for impairment.

We follow our systematic methodology in accordance with procedural discipline by applying it in the same manner regardless of whether the allowance is being determined at a high point or a low point in the economic cycle. Each quarter, the Chief Credit Officer identifies those loans to be individually evaluated for impairment and those loans collectively evaluated for impairment utilizing standard criteria. Grades are assigned quarterly to loans identified to be individually evaluated. A loan’s grade may differ from period to period based on current conditions and events. However, we consistently utilize the same grading system each quarter. We consistently use loss experience from the latest eight quarters in determining the historical loss factor for each pool collectively evaluated for impairment. Qualitative factors are evaluated in the same manner each quarter and are adjusted within a relevant range of values based on current conditions. For additional disclosure related to the allowance for loan losses refer to the note entitled, “Loans, net and Allowance for Loan Losses”, in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements to this Quarterly Report.

The allowance for loan losses increased $95 to $6,401 at June 30, 2018, from $6,306 at the end of 2017. The increase in the allowance was a result of the provision for loan losses of $390 for the first six months of 2018 exceeding net charge-offs for the period. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, net charge-offs were $295, or 0.06%, of average loans outstanding, a $273, increase compared to $22, or 0.01% of average loans outstanding in the same period of 2017.

Deposits:

We attract the majority of our deposits from within our twelve county market area by offering various deposit products including demand deposit accounts, NOW accounts, business checking accounts, money market deposit accounts, savings accounts, club accounts and time deposits, including certificates of deposit and IRA’s. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, total deposits decreased to $1,017,722 from $1,026,480 at December 31, 2017. Noninterest-bearing transaction accounts increased $14,337 and time deposits increased $14,628, while interest-bearing transaction accounts decreased $37,723 in the six months ended June 30, 2018.

For the quarter ended June 30, 2018, total deposits declined $20,883 as a decrease in interest-bearing deposits of $34,104 more than offset an increase in noninterest-bearing deposits of $13,221.

For the six months ended June 30, interest-bearing deposits averaged $864,925 in 2018 compared to $418,776 in 2017. The cost of interest-bearing deposits was 0.76% in 2018 compared to 0.58% in 2017. The cost of interest-bearing deposits increased nine basis points when comparing the second quarter of 2018 with the first quarter of 2018. Corresponding with recent FOMC actions, interest rates have increased from historic lows that existed for an extended period. All deposit rates have increased and as such, we anticipate further increases in our cost of deposits.

Borrowings:

The Bank utilizes borrowings as a secondary source of liquidity for its asset/liability management. Advances are available from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh (“FHLB”) provided certain standards related to credit worthiness have been met. Repurchase and term agreements are also available from the FHLB.

Short-term borrowings are generally used to meet temporary funding needs and consist of federal funds purchased, securities sold under agreements to repurchase, and overnight and short-term borrowings from the Atlantic Community Bankers Bank (“ACBB”) and the FHLB. At June 30, 2018, we did not have any short-term borrowings outstanding as compared to $6,000 at December 31, 2017, all of which were borrowed under the Bank’s Open Repo Plus line with the FHLB. For the six months ended June 30, short-term borrowings averaged $3,628 in 2018 and $16,616 in 2017. The average cost of short-term borrowings was 1.67% in the first six months of 2018 and 1.03% for the same period last year.

Long-term debt totaled $13,091 at June 30, 2018 as compared to $13,233 at December 31, 2017. The average cost of long-term debt was 5.64% in the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2.77% for the same period last year.

Market Risk Sensitivity:

Market risk is the risk to our earnings or financial position resulting from adverse changes in market rates or prices, such as interest rates, foreign exchange rates or equity prices. Our exposure to market risk is primarily interest rate risk (“IRR”) associated with our lending, investing and deposit-gathering activities. During the normal course of business, we are not exposed to foreign exchange risk or commodity price risk. Our exposure to IRR can be explained as the potential for change in our reported earnings and/or the market value of our net worth. Variations in interest rates affect earnings by changing net interest income and the level of other interest-

 

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sensitive income and operating expenses. Interest rate changes also affect the underlying economic value of our assets, liabilities and off-balance sheet items. These changes arise because the present value of future cash flows, and often the cash flows themselves, change with interest rates. The effects of the changes in these present values reflect the change in our underlying economic value and provide a basis for the expected change in future earnings related to interest rates. IRR is inherent in the role of banks as financial intermediaries. However, a bank with a high degree of IRR may experience lower earnings, impaired liquidity and capital positions, and most likely, a greater risk of insolvency. Therefore, banks must carefully evaluate IRR to promote safety and soundness in their activities.

As a result of FOMC actions to raise short-term interest rates, it has become challenging to manage IRR. IRR and effectively managing it are very important to both bank management and regulators. Bank regulations require us to develop and maintain an IRR management program, overseen by the Board of Directors and senior management, which involves a comprehensive risk management process in order to effectively identify, measure, monitor and control risk. Should bank regulatory agencies identify a material weakness in a bank’s risk management process or high risk exposure relative to capital, bank regulatory agencies may take action to remedy these shortcomings. Moreover, the level of IRR exposure and the quality of a bank’s risk management process is a determining factor when evaluating capital adequacy.

The Asset Liability committee (“ALCO”), comprised of members of our senior management and other appropriate officers, oversees our IRR management program. Specifically, ALCO analyzes economic data and market interest rate trends, as well as competitive pressures, and utilizes computerized modeling techniques to reveal potential exposure to IRR. This allows us to monitor and attempt to control the influence these factors may have on our rate-sensitive assets (“RSA”) and rate-sensitive liabilities (“RSL”), and overall operating results and financial position. One such technique utilizes a static gap model that considers repricing frequencies of RSA and RSL in order to monitor IRR. Gap analysis attempts to measure our interest rate exposure by calculating the net amount of RSA and RSL that reprice within specific time intervals. A positive gap occurs when the amount of RSA repricing in a specific period is greater than the amount of RSL repricing within that same time frame and is indicated by a RSA/RSL ratio greater than 1.0. A negative gap occurs when the amount of RSL repricing is greater than the amount of RSA and is indicated by a RSA/RSL ratio of less than 1.0. A positive gap implies that earnings will be impacted favorably if interest rates rise and adversely if interest rates fall during the period. A negative gap tends to indicate that earnings will be affected inversely to interest rate changes.

Our cumulative one-year RSA/RSL ratio equaled 1.58 at June 30, 2018. Given the recent actions of the FOMC and the potential for rates to increase in the future, the focus of ALCO has been to move towards a positive static gap position.

The current position at June 30, 2018, indicates that the amount of RSA repricing within one year would exceed that of RSL, thereby causing increases in market rates, to increase net interest income. However, these forward-looking statements are qualified in the aforementioned section entitled “Forward-Looking Discussion” in this Management’s Discussion and Analysis.

Static gap analysis, although a standard measuring tool, does not fully illustrate the impact of interest rate changes on future earnings. First, market rate changes normally do not equally or simultaneously affect all categories of assets and liabilities. Second, assets and liabilities that can contractually reprice within the same period may not do so at the same time or to the same magnitude. Third, the interest rate sensitivity table presents a one-day position. Variations occur daily as we adjust our rate sensitivity throughout the year. Finally, assumptions must be made in constructing such a table.

As the static gap report fails to address the dynamic changes in the balance sheet composition or prevailing interest rates, we utilize a simulation model to enhance our asset/liability management. This model is used to create pro forma net interest income scenarios under various interest rate shocks. Model results at June 30, 2018, produced similar results from those indicated by the one-year static gap position. Given an instantaneous and parallel shift in interest rates of plus 100 basis points, our projected net interest income for the 12 months ending June 30, 2019, would increase 3.2% from model results using current interest rates. We will continue to monitor our IRR through employing deposit and loan pricing strategies and directing the reinvestment of loan and investment repayments in order to manage our IRR position.

Financial institutions are affected differently by inflation than commercial and industrial companies that have significant investments in fixed assets and inventories. Most of our assets are monetary in nature and change correspondingly with variations in the inflation rate. It is difficult to precisely measure the impact inflation has on us, however we believe that our exposure to inflation can be mitigated through asset/liability management.

Liquidity:

Liquidity management is essential to our continuing operations and enables us to meet financial obligations as they come due, as well as to take advantage of new business opportunities as they arise. Financial obligations include, but are not limited to, the following:

 

   

Funding new and existing loan commitments;

 

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Payment of deposits on demand or at their contractual maturity;

 

   

Repayment of borrowings as they mature;

 

   

Payment of lease obligations; and

 

   

Payment of operating expenses.

These obligations are managed daily, thus enabling us to effectively monitor fluctuations in our liquidity position and to adapt that position according to market influences and balance sheet trends. Future liquidity needs are forecasted, and strategies are developed to ensure adequate liquidity at all times.

Historically, core deposits have been the primary source of liquidity because of their stability and lower cost, in general, than other types of funding. Providing additional sources of funds are loan and investment payments and prepayments and the ability to sell both available for sale securities and mortgage loans held for sale. We believe liquidity is adequate to meet both present and future financial obligations and commitments on a timely basis.

We employ a number of analytical techniques in assessing the adequacy of our liquidity position. One such technique is the use of ratio analysis to determine the extent of our reliance on noncore funds to fund our investments and loans maturing after June 30, 2018. Our noncore funds at June 30, 2018, were comprised of time deposits in denominations of $250 or more and other borrowings. These funds are not considered to be a strong source of liquidity since they are very interest rate sensitive and are considered to be highly volatile. At June 30, 2018, our net noncore funding dependence ratio, the difference between noncore funds and short-term investments to long-term assets, was 1.90%, while our net short-term noncore funding ratio, noncore funds maturing within one-year, less short-term investments to assets equaled 1.80%. Comparatively, our overall noncore dependence ratio improved from year-end 2017 when it was 3.73%. Similarly, our net short-term noncore funding ratio was 1.96% at year-end, indicating that our reliance on noncore funds has decreased.

The Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows present the changes in cash and cash equivalents from operating, investing and financing activities. Cash and cash equivalents, consisting of cash on hand, cash items in the process of collection, deposit balances with other banks and federal funds sold, increased $10,834 during the six months ended June 30, 2018. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $3,443 for the same period last year. For the six months ended June 30, 2018, we realized net cash inflows of $4,259 from operating activities and $22,070 from investing activities offset partially by net cash outflows of $15,495 from financing activities. For the same period of 2017, net cash outflows of $375 from operating activities and $88,187 from investing activities were partially offset by a net cash inflow of $85,119 from financing activities.

Operating activities provided net cash of $4,259 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 compared to a use of net cash of $375 for the same period last year. Net income, adjusted for the effects of gains and losses along with noncash transactions such as depreciation, amortization and the provision for loan losses, is the primary source of funds from operations.

Investing activities primarily include transactions related to our lending activities and investment portfolio. Investing activities provided net cash of $22,070 for the six months ended June 30, 2018. For the comparable period in 2017, investing activities used net cash of $88,187. In 2018, payments and prepayments on loans exceeding loan originations was the primary factor causing the net cash inflow from investing activities. Conversely, an increase in lending activities was the primary factor causing the net cash outflow from investing in the first half of 2017.

Financing activities utilized net cash of $15,495 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 and provided $85,119 for the same period last year. Deposit gathering is a predominant financing activity. During the six months ended June 30, 2018 deposits decreased $8,758 and increased $71,335, for the same period in 2017. The repayment of short-term borrowing of $6,000 in the first half of 2018 also impacted net cash from financing activities.

We believe that our future liquidity needs will be satisfied through maintaining an adequate level of cash and cash equivalents, by maintaining readily available access to traditional funding sources, and through proceeds received from the investment and loan portfolios. The current sources of funds are expected to enable us to meet all cash obligations as they come due.

Capital:

Stockholders’ equity totaled $110,467, or $12.15 per common share, at June 30, 2018, and $106,256, or $11.72 per common share, at December 31, 2017. The net increase in stockholders’ equity in the six months ended June 30, 2018 was a result of the recognition of earnings of $5,598, the payout of cash dividends of $909, compensation costs of $1 relating to option grants, the issuance of common stock to Riverview’s ESPP, 401k and dividend reinvestment plans of $265, the issuance of common stock related to the stock options exercised of $49 and the recognition of a change in other comprehensive loss of $793.

 

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Bank regulatory agencies consider capital to be a significant factor in ensuring the safety of a depositor’s accounts. These agencies have adopted minimum capital adequacy requirements that include mandatory and discretionary supervisory actions for noncompliance. As a result of the merger with CBT, the Company exceeded the asset threshold limitation at year end 2017 and became subject to risk-based capital and leverage rules. The Bank has always been subject to risk-based capital and leverage rules.

The Company’s and Bank’s capital ratios and the minimum ratios required for capital adequacy purposes and to be considered well capitalized under the prompt corrective action provisions are summarized below for the periods ended June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017:

 

     Actual     Minimum Regulatory
Capital Ratios under
Basel III (with 1.875%
capital conservation
buffer phase-in)
    Well Capitalized under
Basel III
 

June 30, 2018:

   Amount      Ratio     Amount      Ratio     Amount      Ratio  

Total risk-based capital (to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

   $ 95,707        10.5   $ 89,598      ³ 9.875     

Riverview Bank

     101,870        11.0       91,094      ³ 9.875     $ 92,247      ³ 10.0

Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

     89,236        9.8       71,451      ³ 7.875       

Riverview Bank

     95,399        10.3       72,644      ³ 7.875       73,798      ³ 8.0  

Tier 1 capital (to average total assets):

               

Riverview

     89,236        7.9       44,986      ³   4.00       

Riverview Bank

     95,399        8.5       45,068      ³   4.00       56,335      ³ 5.0  

Common equity tier 1 risk-based capital
(to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

     82,381        9.1       57,842      ³ 6.375       

Riverview Bank

   $ 95,399        10.3     $ 58,807      ³ 6.375     $ 59,960      ³ 6.5  
     Actual     Minimum Regulatory
Capital Ratios under
Basel III (with 1.25%
capital conservation
buffer phase-in)
    Well Capitalized under
Basel III
 

December 31, 2017:

   Amount      Ratio     Amount      Ratio     Amount      Ratio  

Total risk-based capital (to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

   $ 90,703        9.8   $ 85,946      ³ 9.25     

Riverview Bank

     96,926        10.4       85,963      ³ 9.25     $ 92,933      ³ 10.0

Tier 1 capital (to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

     84,330        9.1       67,363      ³ 7.25       

Riverview Bank

     90,553        9.7       67,376      ³ 7.25       74,346      ³ 8.0  

Tier 1 capital (to average total assets):

               

Riverview

     84,330        7.4       45,583      ³ 4.00       

Riverview Bank

     90,553        7.9       45,583      ³ 4.00       56,978      ³ 5.0  

Common equity tier 1 risk based capital
(to risk-weighted assets):

               

Riverview

     77,996        8.4       53,426      ³ 5.75       

Riverview Bank

   $ 90,553        9.7     $ 53,437      ³ 5.75     $ 60,407      ³ 6.5  

Based on the most recent notification from the FDIC, the Bank was categorized as well capitalized at June 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017. There are no conditions or negative events since this notification that we believe have changed the Bank’s category.

On March 14, 2018, the Board of Directors of Riverview announced the suspension of the payment of its first quarter 2018 dividend in order to conserve capital as a result of recognizing certain material nonrecurring fourth quarter expenses in 2017. The Company recognized non-recurring merger related pre-tax costs of $3,674 in 2017. In addition, in the fourth quarter of 2017, Riverview recognized a $3,888, or $(0.43) per share, charge to income tax expense related to the re-measurement of net deferred tax assets resulting from the new 21% federal corporate income tax rate established by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, enacted in December 2017.

 

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Review of Financial Performance:

The Company reported net income of $5,598, or $0.62 per basic and diluted weighted average common share for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to net loss of $388 or $(0.08) per basic and diluted weighted average common share, for the comparable period of 2017. The return on average assets and return on average stockholders’ equity were 0.97% and 10.38% for the six months ended June 30, 2018. For the second quarter, the Company reported net income of $2,787, or $0.31 per basic and diluted weighted average common share in 2018, compared to net income of $179 or $0.04 per basic and diluted weighted average common share in 2017. The return on average assets and return on average stockholders’ equity were 0.97% and 10.17% for the three months ended June 30, 2018. The improvement in net income recognized in 2018 was directly attributable to the merger with CBT and the implementation of certain other strategic initiatives to enhance shareholder value through organic asset growth. In the first quarter of 2017, the Company successfully completed a $17.0 million private placement of common and preferred securities. The additional capital allowed Riverview to acquire CBT and provided it with the ability to significantly grow its loan portfolio by hiring multiple teams of experienced and established lenders to serve new and existing markets. The results for the first six months ended June 30, 2018 include pre-tax merger related costs of $461.

Net Interest Income:

Net interest income is the fundamental source of earnings for commercial banks. Fluctuations in the level of net interest income can have the greatest impact on net profits. Net interest income is defined as the difference between interest revenue, interest and fees earned on interest-earning assets, and interest expense, the cost of interest-bearing liabilities supporting those assets. The primary sources of earning assets are loans and investment securities, while interest-bearing deposits, short-term and long-term borrowings comprise interest-bearing liabilities. Net interest income is impacted by:

 

   

Variations in the volume, rate and composition of earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities;

 

   

Changes in general market rates; and

 

   

The level of nonperforming assets.

Changes in net interest income are measured by the net interest spread and net interest margin. Net interest spread, the difference between the average yield earned on earning assets and the average rate incurred on interest-bearing liabilities, illustrates the effects changing interest rates have on profitability. Net interest margin, net interest income as a percentage of earning assets, is a more comprehensive ratio, as it reflects not only the spread, but also the change in the composition of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities. Tax-exempt loans and investments carry pre-tax yields lower than their taxable counterparts. Therefore, in order to make the analysis of net interest income more comparable, tax-exempt income and yields are reported herein on a tax-equivalent basis using the prevailing federal statutory tax rate of 21% in 2018 and 34% in 2017.

For the six months ended June 30, tax-equivalent net interest income increased $12,364 to $21,857 in 2018 from $9,493 in 2017. Overall, a favorable volume variance of $11,441 from average earning asset growth exceeding average growth in interest bearing liabilities and a favorable rate variance of $923 accounted for the increase. The net interest spread increased 55 basis points for the six months ended June 30, 2018 to 4.02% from 3.47% for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The tax-equivalent net interest margin for the six months ended June 30 was 4.16% in 2018 compared to 3.58% in 2017. Loan accretion included in loan interest income in the first half of 2018 related to acquired loans was $2,613, resulting in an increase in the tax-equivalent net interest margin of 50 basis points.

For the six months ended June 30, 2018, tax-equivalent interest income increased $14,601 to $25,532 as compared to $10,931 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. A positive volume variance in interest income of $13,022 attributable to changes in the average balance of earning assets and a positive rate variance of $1,579 due to an increase in the yield on earning assets were responsible for the increase in tax-equivalent interest income. Average volumes of earning assets increased $524,986 comparing the six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017. The tax-equivalent yield on earning assets increased 74 basis points in 2018 compared to 2017.

Total interest expense increased $2,237 to $3,675 for the six months ended June 30, 2018 from $1,438 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The average volume of interest bearing liabilities increased to $881,717 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, as compared to $446,526 for the six months ended June 30, 2017. The increase in the volume of interest-bearing liabilities caused interest expense to increase by $1,581. In addition, we recognized an unfavorable rate variance of $656 from a 19 basis point increase in the overall cost of funds. Cost of funds increased to 0.84% for the six months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to 0.65% for the same period in 2017.

For the three months ended June 30, tax-equivalent net interest income increased $5,358 to $10,364 in 2018 from $5,006 in 2017. The increase in tax-equivalent net interest income was primarily attributable to the net growth in average earning assets from the merger and organic loan growth along with an improvement in the tax equivalent net interest margin. Average earning assets grew $96,513 more than the growth of average interest-bearing liabilities comparing the second quarters of 2018 and 2017. The tax-equivalent net

 

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interest margin for the three months ended June 30, was 3.94% in 2018 compared to 3.58% in 2017. The net interest spread increased to 3.78% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 from 3.47% for the three months ended June 30, 2017. Loan accretion included in loan interest income in the second quarter of 2018 related to acquired loans was $740, resulting in an increase in the tax-equivalent net interest margin of 28 basis points. The tax-equivalent net interest margin for the first quarter of 2018 was 4.38%.

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, tax-equivalent interest income increased $6,464, to $12,279 from $5,815 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. A volume variance in interest income of $6,302 attributable to changes in the average balance of earning assets was aided by a $162 favorable rate variance due to an improvement in the yield on earning assets. Specifically, the increase was primarily due to the growth in average earning assets which increased $494,606 to $1,054,939 for the second quarter of 2018 from $560,333 for the same period in 2017. The overall yield on earning assets, on a fully tax-equivalent basis, increased for the three months ended June 30, 2018 to 4.67% as compared to 4.16% for the three months ended June 30, 2017. This improvement was a result of the combined impact of the merger along with the associated effects of applying purchase accounting and reporting a higher concentration of loans as a percentage of earning assets. Average loans increased $458,472 comparing the second quarters of 2018 and 2017 which caused tax-equivalent interest income to increase $5,703. The tax-equivalent yield on the loan portfolio was 4.95% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 compared to 4.35% for the same period last year resulting in an increase of $670 in tax-equivalent interest income. Overall, the tax-equivalent interest income on loans increased $6,373 comparing the second quarters of 2018 and 2017. The yield earned on investments decreased 66 basis points for the second quarter of 2018 to 2.81% from 3.47% for the second quarter of 2017 and resulted in a decrease in tax-equivalent interest income of $531. Average investments increased to $91,845 for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 compared to $73,500 for the same period in 2017 resulting in an increase in tax-equivalent interest income of $539. Overall tax-equivalent interest earned on investments was $644 for the three month period ended June 30, 2018 compared to $636 for the same period in 2017.

Total interest expense increased $1,106 to $1,915 for the three months ended June 30, 2018 from $809 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. An unfavorable volume variance caused interest expenses to increase $785. In addition, an unfavorable rate variance resulted in a $321 increase in fund costs. The average volume of interest bearing liabilities increased to $867,110 for the three months ended June 30, 2018, from $469,017 for the three months ended June 30, 2017. Average interest-bearing deposits increased $418,953 to $853,986 for the second quarter of 2018 from $435,033 for the same period last year. The cost of funds increased to 0.89% for the three months ended June 30, 2018 as compared to 0.69% for the same period in 2017.

 

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The average balances of assets and liabilities, corresponding interest income and expense and resulting average yields or rates paid are summarized as follows. Average balances were calculated using average daily balances. Averages for earning assets include nonaccrual loans. Loan fees are included in interest income on loans. Investment averages include available-for-sale securities at amortized cost. Income on investment securities and loans is adjusted to a tax equivalent basis using the prevailing federal statutory tax rate.

 

     Six months ended  
     June 30, 2018     June 30, 2017  
     Average
Balance
     Interest      Yield/
Rate
    Average
Balance
     Interest      Yield/
Rate
 

Assets:

                

Earning assets:

                

Loans

                

Taxable

   $ 902,798      $ 23,467        5.24   $ 431,345      $ 9,274        4.34

Tax exempt

     36,761        594        3.26     16,340        326        4.02

Investments

                

Taxable

     77,007        1,065        2.79     68,499        1,133        3.34

Tax exempt

     15,307        206        2.71     5,747        141        4.95

Interest bearing deposits

     25,347        180        1.43     10,398        47        0.91

Federal funds sold

     2,592        20        1.56     2,497        10        0.81
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total earning assets

     1,059,812        25,532        4.86     534,826        10,931        4.12

Less: allowance for loan losses

     6,483             4,112        

Other assets

     105,483             53,317        
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total assets

   $ 1,158,812           $ 584,031        
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:

                

Interest bearing liabilities:

                

Money market accounts

   $ 121,988      $ 527        0.87   $ 85,004      $ 310        0.74

NOW accounts

     262,185        738        0.57     128,386        199        0.31

Savings accounts

     165,467        66        0.08     80,771        63        0.16

Time deposits

     315,285        1,946        1.24     124,615        628        1.02

Short term borrowings

     3,628        30        1.67     16,616        85        1.03

Long-term debt

     13,164        368        5.64     11,134        153        2.77
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     881,717        3,675        0.84     446,526        1,438        0.65

Non-interest-bearing demand deposits

     158,024             75,326        

Other liabilities

     10,287             6,116        

Stockholders’ equity

     108,784             56,063        
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,158,812           $ 584,031        
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

    

 

 

    
  

 

 

         

 

 

       

Net interest income/spread

      $ 21,857        4.02      $ 9,493        3.47
     

 

 

         

 

 

    

Net interest margin

           4.16           3.58

Tax-equivalent adjustments:

                

Loans

      $ 125           $ 111     

Investments

        43             48     
     

 

 

         

 

 

    

Total adjustments

      $ 168           $ 159     
     

 

 

         

 

 

    

Provision for Loan Losses:

We evaluate the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses account on a quarterly basis utilizing our systematic analysis in accordance with procedural discipline. We take into consideration certain factors such as composition of the loan portfolio, volumes of nonperforming loans, volumes of net charge-offs, prevailing economic conditions and other relevant factors when determining the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses account. We make monthly provisions to the allowance for loan losses account in order to maintain the allowance at the appropriate level indicated by our evaluations. Based on our most current evaluation, we believe that the allowance is adequate to absorb any known and inherent losses in the portfolio as of June 30, 2018.

For the six months ended June 30, the provision for loan losses totaled $390 in 2018 and $1,124 in 2017. We took no provision in the second quarter of 2018 compared to $519 for the same period last year. The decrease in the provision in 2018 was a direct result of the reduction in loans outstanding.

 

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Noninterest Income:

For the six months ended June 30, noninterest income totaled $4,486 in 2018, an increase of $2,905 from $1,581 for the same period in 2017. Most categories of noninterest income improved as a result of the merger with the exception of the retail wealth management component of our wealth management division and net gains on sale of investment securities. Service charges, fees and commissions and trust income improved $2,250 and $384, respectively, comparing the first six months of 2018 and 2017. Mortgage banking income in 2018 improved to $359 compared to $229 in 2017. Income from bank owned life insurance increased to $390 in the first six months of 2018 compared to $147 for the comparable period in 2017.

For the three months ended June 30, noninterest income totaled $2,533 in 2018, an increase of $1,731 from $802 in 2017. As a result of the merger with CBT, all categories increased except net gains on sale of investment securities, which decreased $24. The primary increase occurred in services charges, fees and commissions which increased $1,359 from $292 to $1,651. In addition to the inclusion of CBT service charges in 2018, we recognized a $493 loan referral fee in the second quarter. Commissions and fees on fiduciary activities increased $204 to $235, while bank owned life insurance investment income $125 to $199 when comparing the three months ended June 30 of 2018 versus the same period in 2017.

Noninterest Expenses:

In general, noninterest expense is categorized into three main groups: employee-related expenses, occupancy and equipment expenses and other expenses. Employee-related expenses are costs associated with providing salaries, including payroll taxes and benefits, to our employees. Occupancy and equipment expenses, the costs related to the maintenance of facilities and equipment, include depreciation, general maintenance and repairs, real estate taxes, lease expense and utility costs. Other expenses include general operating expenses such as advertising, contractual services, insurance, FDIC assessments, other taxes and supplies. Several of these costs and expenses are variable, while the remainder are fixed. We utilize budgets and other related strategies in an effort to control the variable expenses.

Noninterest expense increased $8,740 or 85.7%, to $18,944 for the six months ended June 30, 2018, from $10,204 for the same period last year. Salaries and employee benefit expense and other operating expense comprised the majority of the increase, which was a result of the merger with CBT and related costs.

For the three months ended June 30, 2018, noninterest expense increased $4,367 or 86.6%, to $9,408 from $5,041 for the same period last year. Salaries and employee benefit expense was $5,221 for the three month period ended June 30, 2018, which was an increase of $2,464, or 89.4%, over the same period in 2017. For the second quarter, other expenses increased to $2,953 in 2018 versus $1,441 in 2017.

Income Taxes:

The Company benefitted from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act legislation enacted in the fourth quarter of 2017 which reduced the corporate federal tax rate from a maximum of 35% to a flat rate of 21% effective January 1, 2018. Our effective tax rate was 18.2% for the first six months of 2018 and 18.1% for the second quarter of 2018.

Riverview Financial Corporation

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

Not applicable to a smaller reporting company.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

(a) Evaluation of disclosure controls and procedures.

At June 30, 2018, the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act. Based upon that evaluation, the CEO and CFO concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures, at June 30, 2018, were effective to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the Company’s reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in such reports is accumulated and communicated to the CEO and CFO to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

(b) Changes in internal control.

 

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There were no changes made in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the Company’s most recent fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

In the opinion of the Company, after review with legal counsel, there are no proceedings pending to which the Company is a party or to which its property is subject, which, if determined adversely to the Company, would have a material effect on the consolidated results of operations or financial condition. There are no proceedings pending other than ordinary, routine litigation incident to the business of the Company. In addition, no material proceedings are pending or are known to be threatened or contemplated against the Company by governmental authorities.

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Not required for smaller reporting companies.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

None.

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities

Not applicable.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information

Not applicable.

Item 6. Exhibits.

The following Exhibits are incorporated by reference hereto:

 

31.1    Section 302 Certification of the Chief Executive Officer (Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)).
31.2    Section 302 Certification of the Chief Financial Officer (Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a)).
32.1    Chief Executive Officer’s §1350 Certification (Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/15d-14(b)).
32.2    Chief Financial Officer’s §1350 Certification (Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b)/15d-14(b)).
101    Interactive Data File (XBRL).

 

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Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

By:   /s/ Kirk D. Fox
  Kirk D. Fox
  Chief Executive Officer
  (Principal Executive Officer)
Date:   August 9, 2018
By:   /s/ Scott A. Seasock
  Scott A. Seasock
  Chief Financial Officer
  (Principal Financial Officer)
Date:   August 9, 2018

 

 

40

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Section 2: EX-31.1 (EX-31.1)

EX-31.1

Exhibit 31.1

Riverview Financial Corporation

CERTIFICATION

I, Kirk D. Fox certify that:

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Riverview Financial Corporation;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation, of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 9, 2018     By:   /s/ Kirk D. Fox
      Kirk D. Fox
      Chief Executive Officer
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Section 3: EX-31.2 (EX-31.2)

EX-31.2

Exhibit 31.2

Riverview Financial Corporation

CERTIFICATION

I, Scott A. Seasock certify that:

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Riverview Financial Corporation;

2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation, of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

Date: August 9, 2018     By:   /s/ Scott A. Seasock
      Scott A. Seasock
      Chief Financial Officer
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Section 4: EX-32.1 (EX-32.1)

EX-32.1

Exhibit 32.1

Riverview Financial Corporation

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code), I, Kirk D. Fox, Chief Executive Officer of Riverview Financial Corporation (the “Company”), hereby certify that, to the best of my knowledge, the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 (the “Report”):

 

  1.

fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  2.

the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.

 

Date: August 9, 2018     By:   /s/ Kirk D. Fox
      Kirk D. Fox
      Chief Executive Officer
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Section 5: EX-32.2 (EX-32.2)

EX-32.2

Exhibit 32.2

Riverview Financial Corporation

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code), I, Scott A. Seasock, Chief Financial Officer of Riverview Financial Corporation (the “Company”), hereby certify that, to the best of my knowledge, the Company’s Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 (the “Report”):

 

  1.

fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  2.

the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.

 

Date: August 9, 2018     By:   /s/ Scott A. Seasock
      Scott A. Seasock
      Chief Financial Officer
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