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Section 1: 8-K (8-K)

Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 8-K
 

CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): June 11, 2018

 393894049_flagstara09a01a10.jpg
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Charter)
  
 
Michigan
 
1-16577
 
38-3150651
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation
 
(Commission File Number)
 
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
5151 Corporate Drive, Troy, Michigan
 
48098
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(248) 312-2000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
  
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):  
o
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
 
o
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
 
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
 
o
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.405) or Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.12b-2).
Emerging growth company
o
 
 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange
Act. o






Item 8.01    Other Events

On June 14, 2018, MP Thrift Investments L.P. (“MP Thrift”) completed a secondary offering (the “Offering”) of 8,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the “Common Stock”), of Flagstar Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”), at a public offering price of $34.50 per share, less underwriting discounts and commissions, as described in the prospectus supplement, dated June 11, 2018, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) on June 13, 2018.
In connection with the Offering, the Company entered into an Underwriting Agreement, dated June 11, 2018 (the “Underwriting Agreement”), by and among the Company, MP Thrift, Sandler O’Neill & Partners L.P. and Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc., as underwriters in the Offering. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, MP Thrift granted the underwriters a 30-day option to purchase up to an additional 1,200,000 shares of Common Stock at the per share public offering price less underwriting discounts and commissions (the “underwriters’ option”). At the completion of the Offering (without the exercise of the underwriters’ option), MP Thrift held approximately 47.9% of the issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock, as compared to approximately 61.8% immediately prior to the completion of the Offering, and as a result, the Company no longer qualifies as a “controlled company” under Section 303A of the New York Stock Exchange Listed Company Manual.
The shares of Common Stock sold by MP Thrift in the Offering were registered pursuant to the Company’s registration statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-225397), which was filed with the Commission on June 1, 2018 (the “Registration Statement”).  The Company did not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the shares of Common Stock by MP Thrift in the Offering.
The Underwriting Agreement is filed as Exhibit 1.1 hereto. Exhibits 1.1. and 5.1 contained in Item 9.01 hereof are incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement.





Item 9.01    Financial Statements and Exhibits
 Exhibits
 
 
 
 
1.1
 
5.1
 
23.1
 







SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FLAGSTAR BANCORP, INC.
 
 
 
 
Dated: June 14, 2018
 
 
 
By:
 
/s/    James K. Ciroli
 
 
 
 
 
 
James K. Ciroli
 
 
 
 
 
 
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer






Exhibit Index
 
Exhibit No.
  
Description
 
 
 
 
1.1
 
5.1
 
23.1
 




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Section 2: EX-1.1 (EXHIBIT 1.1)

Exhibit


EXHIBIT 1.1
Execution Version
FLAGSTAR BANCORP, INC.

8,000,000 Shares of Common Stock ($0.01 par value per share)
UNDERWRITING AGREEMENT
June 11, 2018
Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
As Representatives of the
several Underwriters listed
in Schedule 1 hereto

c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor
New York, New York 10020
c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
787 7th Avenue
New York, New York 10019

Ladies and Gentlemen:

MP Thrift Investments, L.P. (the “Selling Stockholder”), a stockholder of Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the “Company”), propose to sell to the several underwriters listed in Schedule 1 hereto (the “Underwriters”; in the event that there are no other Underwriters, all plural references to Underwriters shall be deemed to be singular), for whom you are acting as representatives (the “Representatives”), an aggregate of 8,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company (the “Underwritten Shares”) and, at the option of the Underwriters, up to an additional 1,200,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company (the “Option Shares”). The Underwritten Shares and the Option Shares are herein referred to as the “Shares”. The shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company to be outstanding after giving effect to the sale of the Shares are referred to herein as the “Common Stock.”

The Company and the Selling Stockholder hereby confirm their agreement with the several Underwriters concerning the purchase and sale of the Shares, as follows:
1.    Registration Statement. The Company has prepared and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder (collectively, the “Securities Act”), a registration statement (File No. 333- 225397), including a prospectus, relating to the Shares. Such registration statement, as amended at the time it became effective, including the information, if any, deemed pursuant to Rule 430A, 430B or 430C under the Securities Act to be part of the registration statement at the time of its effectiveness (“Rule 430 Information”), is referred to herein as the “Registration Statement”; and as used herein, the term “Preliminary Prospectus” means each prospectus included in such registration statement (and any amendments thereto) before effectiveness, any prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(a) under the Securities Act and the prospectus included in the Registration Statement at the time of its effectiveness that omits Rule 430 Information, and the term “Prospectus” means the prospectus in the form first used (or made available upon request of purchasers pursuant to Rule 173 under the Securities Act) in connection with confirmation of sales of the Shares. If the Company has filed an abbreviated registration statement pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act (the “Rule 462 Registration




Statement”), then any reference herein to the term “Registration Statement” shall be deemed to include such Rule 462 Registration Statement. Any reference in this Underwriting Agreement (the “Agreement”) to the Registration Statement, any Preliminary Prospectus or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include the documents incorporated by reference therein pursuant to Item 12 of Form S-3 under the Securities Act, as of the effective date of the Registration Statement or the date of such Preliminary Prospectus or the Prospectus, as the case may be, and any reference to “amend”, “amendment” or “supplement” with respect to the Registration Statement, any Preliminary Prospectus or the Prospectus shall be deemed to refer to and include any documents filed after such date under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder (collectively, the “Exchange Act”) that are deemed to be incorporated by reference therein. Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meanings given to such terms in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus.

At or prior to the Applicable Time (as defined below), the Company had prepared the following information (collectively, with the pricing information set forth on Annex D, the “Pricing Disclosure Package”): a Preliminary Prospectus dated June 11, 2018 and each “free-writing prospectus” (as defined pursuant to Rule 405 under the Securities Act) listed on Annex C hereto.
“Applicable Time” means 6:00 P.M., New York City time, on June 11, 2018.
2.    Purchase of the Shares by the Underwriters.

(a)    The Selling Stockholder agrees to sell the Shares to the several Underwriters as provided in this Agreement, and each Underwriter, on the basis of the representations and warranties and agreements contained and subject to the conditions set forth herein, agrees, severally and not jointly, to purchase from the Selling Stockholder at a price per share (the “Purchase Price”) of $33.8188 the number of Underwritten Shares set forth opposite such Underwriter’s name in Schedule 1 hereto.

In addition, the Selling Stockholder agrees to sell the Option Shares to the several Underwriters and the Underwriters, on the basis of the representations and warranties and agreements herein contained and subject to the conditions set forth herein, shall have the option to purchase at their election, severally and not jointly, from the Selling Stockholder up to 1,200,000 Option Shares at the Purchase Price less an amount per share equal to any dividends or distributions declared by the Company and payable on the Underwritten Shares but not payable on the Option Shares. If any Option Shares are to be purchased, the number of Option Shares to be purchased by each Underwriter shall be the number of Option Shares which bears the same ratio to the aggregate number of Option Shares being purchased as the number of Underwritten Shares set forth opposite the name of such Underwriter in Schedule 1 hereto (or such number increased as set forth in Section 12 hereof) bears to the aggregate number of the Underwritten Shares being purchased from the Selling Stockholder by the several Underwriters, subject, however, to such adjustments to eliminate any fractional Shares as the Representatives in their sole discretion shall make.
The Underwriters may exercise the option to purchase Option Shares at any time in whole, or from time to time in part, on or before the thirtieth day following the date of the Prospectus, by written notice from the Representatives to the Selling Stockholder. Such notice shall set forth the aggregate number of Option Shares as to which the option is being exercised and the date and time when the Option Shares are to be delivered and paid for, which may be the same date and time as the Closing Date (as hereinafter defined) but shall not be earlier than the Closing Date nor later than the tenth full business day (as hereinafter defined) after the date of such notice (unless such time and date are postponed in accordance with the provisions of Section 12 hereof). Unless otherwise agreed among the Underwriters, the Selling Stockholder and the Company, (1) for any such written notice provided before the Closing Date, the purchase date must be at least one business day after the written notice is given and may not be earlier than the Closing Date and (2) for any such written notice provided after the Closing Date, the purchase date must be at least two business days after the written notice is given and, in each case, not later than ten business days after the date of such notice.

(b)    The Selling Stockholder understands that the Underwriters intend to make a public offering of the Shares as soon after the effectiveness of this Agreement as in the judgment of the Representatives is




advisable, and initially to offer the Shares on the terms set forth in the Prospectus. The Selling Stockholder acknowledges and agrees that the Underwriters may offer and sell Shares to or through any affiliate of an Underwriter.
    
(c)    Payment for the Shares shall be made by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the account specified by the Selling Stockholder to the Representatives at the offices of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP, 425 Lexington Avenue, New York, New York 10017 at 10:00 A.M., New York City time, on June 14, 2018, or at such other time or place on the same or such other date, not later than the fifth business day thereafter, as the Representatives and the Selling Stockholder may agree upon in writing or, in the case of the Option Shares, on the date and at the time and place specified by the Representatives in the written notice of the Underwriters’ election to purchase such Option Shares. The time and date of such payment for the Underwritten Shares is referred to herein as the “Closing Date”, and the time and date for such payment for the Option Shares, if other than the Closing Date, is herein referred to as the “Additional Closing Date”.

Payment for the Shares to be purchased on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, shall be made against delivery to the Representatives for the respective accounts of the several Underwriters of the Shares to be purchased on such date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, with any transfer taxes payable in connection with the sale of such Shares duly paid by the Selling Stockholder. Delivery of the Shares shall be made through the facilities of The Depository Trust Company (“DTC”) unless the Representatives shall otherwise instruct. The certificates for the Shares will be made available for inspection and packaging by the Representatives at the office of DTC or its designated custodian not later than 1:00 P.M., New York City time, on the business day prior to the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.
(d)    Each of the Company and Selling Stockholder acknowledges and agrees that the Underwriters are acting solely in the capacity of an arm’s length contractual counterparty to the Company and the Selling Stockholder with respect to the offering of Shares contemplated hereby (including in connection with determining the terms of the offering) and not as a financial advisor or a fiduciary to, or an agent of, the Company, the Selling Stockholder or any other person. Additionally, none of the Representatives or any other Underwriter is advising the Company, the Selling Stockholder or any other person as to any legal, tax, investment, accounting or regulatory matters in any jurisdiction. The Company and the Selling Stockholder shall consult with its own advisors concerning such matters and shall be responsible for making its own independent investigation and appraisal of the transactions contemplated hereby, and the Underwriters shall have no responsibility or liability to the Company or the Selling Stockholder with respect thereto. Any review by the Underwriters of the Company, the transactions contemplated hereby or other matters relating to such transactions will be performed solely for the benefit of the Underwriters and shall not be on behalf of the Company or the Selling Stockholder.

3.    Representations and Warranties of the Company. The Company represents and warrants to each Underwriter and the Selling Stockholder that:

(a)    Preliminary Prospectus. No order preventing or suspending the use of any Preliminary Prospectus has been issued by the Commission, and each Preliminary Prospectus included in the Pricing Disclosure Package, at the time of filing thereof, complied in all material respects with the Securities Act, and no Preliminary Prospectus, at the time of filing thereof, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation and warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to any Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in any Preliminary Prospectus, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the information described as such in Section 9(b) hereof.

(b)    Pricing Disclosure Package. The Pricing Disclosure Package as of the Applicable Time did not, and as of the Closing Date and as of the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, will not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein,




in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation or warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to any Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in such Pricing Disclosure Package, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the information described as such in Section 9(b) hereof.

(c)    Issuer Free Writing Prospectus. Other than the Registration Statement, the Preliminary Prospectus and the Prospectus, the Company (including its agents and representatives, other than the Underwriters in their capacity as such) has not prepared, made, used, authorized, approved or referred to and will not prepare, make, use, authorize, approve or refer to any “written communication” (as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) that constitutes an offer to sell or solicitation of an offer to buy the Shares (each such communication by the Company or its agents and representatives (other than a communication referred to in clause (i) below) an “Issuer Free Writing Prospectus”) other than (i) any document not constituting a prospectus pursuant to Section 2(a)(10)(a) of the Securities Act or Rule 134 under the Securities Act or (ii) the documents listed on Annex C hereto, each electronic road show and any other written communications approved in writing in advance by the Representatives. Each such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus complied in all material respects with the Securities Act, has been or will be (within the time period specified in Rule 433) filed in accordance with the Securities Act (to the extent required thereby) and, when taken together with the Preliminary Prospectus filed prior to the first use of such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, did not, and as of the Closing Date and as of the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, will not, contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation and warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in each such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or Preliminary Prospectus in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to any Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or Preliminary Prospectus, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the information described as such in Section 9(b) hereof.

(d)    Registration Statement and Prospectus. The Registration Statement has been declared effective by the Commission. No order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement has been issued by the Commission, and no proceeding for that purpose or pursuant toSection 8A of the Securities Act against the Company or related to the offering of the Shares has been initiated or threatened by the Commission; as of the applicable effective date of the Registration Statement and any post-effective amendment thereto, the Registration Statement and any such post-effective amendment complied and will comply in all material respects with the Securities Act, and did not and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein not misleading; and as of the date of the Prospectus and any amendment or supplement thereto and as of the Closing Date and as of the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, the Prospectus will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; provided that the Company makes no representation and warranty with respect to any statements or omissions made in reliance upon and in conformity with information relating to any Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and any amendment or supplement thereto, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the information described as such in Section 9(b) hereof.

(e)    Incorporated Documents. The documents incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus and the Pricing Disclosure Package, when they were filed with the Commission conformed in all material respects to the requirements of the Exchange Act, and none of such documents contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading; and any further documents so filed and incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or the Pricing Disclosure Package, when such documents are filed with the Commission, will conform in all material respects to the requirements of




the Exchange Act and will not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.
(f)    Financial Statements. The financial statements (including the related notes thereto) of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus comply in all material respects with the applicable requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, as applicable, and fairly present in all material respects the financial position of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries as of the dates indicated and the results of their operations and the changes in their cash flows for the periods specified; such financial statements have been prepared in all material respects in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) applied on a consistent basis throughout the periods covered thereby, and any supporting schedules included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement present fairly the information required to be stated therein; the other financial information included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus has been derived from the accounting records of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries and presents fairly the information shown thereby.

(g)    No Material Adverse Change. Since the date of the most recent financial information of the Company included or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, (i) there has not been any change in the capital stock (other than the issuance of shares of Common Stock upon exercise or vesting of options and awards granted under the Company’s stock-based compensation plans described in, the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus), long-term debt of the Company or any of its consolidated subsidiaries, or any dividend or distribution of any kind declared, set aside for payment, paid or made by the Company on any class of capital stock, or any material adverse change, or any development involving a prospective material adverse change, in or affecting the business, properties, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole; (ii) other than in the ordinary course of business, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has entered into any transaction or agreement that is material to the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole or incurred any liability or obligation, direct or contingent, that is material to the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole; and (iii) neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has sustained any loss or interference with its business that is material to the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole from fire, explosion, flood or other calamity, whether or not covered by insurance, or from any labor disturbance or dispute or any action, order or decree of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, except in each case as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

(h)    Organization and Good Standing. The Company and Flagstar Bank, FSB (the “Bank”) been duly organized and are validly existing, with respect to the Company, in good standing under the laws of the State of Michigan, and are duly qualified to do business and are in good standing in each jurisdiction in which their respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such qualification, and have all power and authority necessary to own or hold their respective properties and to conduct the businesses in which they are engaged, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing or have such power or authority would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the business, properties, management, financial position, stockholders’ equity or results of operations of the Company and its subsidiaries taken as a whole or on the performance by the Company of its obligations under the Transaction Documents (as defined below) (a “Material Adverse Effect”). The Company is duly registered with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve”) as a savings and loan holding company under the Home Owners’ Loan Act of 1933, as amended (“HOLA”). Flagstar Bank, FSB (the “Bank”), a subsidiary of the Company, is a federal savings association in good standing under HOLA, and the federal stock savings bank charter of the Bank, as amended and as currently in effect, complies in all material respects with applicable law. The Bank is a the qualified thrift lender under Section 10(m) of HOLA, and the direct and indirect activities of the Company and the Bank comply with the activity restrictions on holding company activities provided in Section 10 of HOLA. The Company and the Bank are well capitalized according to the respective capital standards of the Federal Reserve and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”). The Bank is a member in good standing of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis. The Bank is the only depository institution of the




Company and the deposits of the Bank are insured to the fullest extent permitted by law by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the “FDIC”), and all premiums and assessments required to be paid in connection therewith have been paid when due, and no proceedings for the termination or revocation of such insurance are pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened. The Company does not own or control, directly or indirectly, any corporation, association or other entity other than the subsidiaries listed in Exhibit 21 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. The Bank is the only significant subsidiary of the Company.

(i)    Capitalization. The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of 80,000,000 shares of common stock and 25,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share of the Company. As of the close of business on June 5, 2018, there were 57,569,658 shares of common stock outstanding and zero shares of preferred stock outstanding. All the outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company have been duly and validly authorized and issued and are fully paid and non-assessable and are not subject to any pre-emptive or similar rights; except as described in or expressly contemplated by the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there are no outstanding rights (including, without limitation, pre-emptive rights), warrants or options to acquire, or instruments convertible into or exchangeable for, any shares of capital stock or other equity interest in the Company or any of its subsidiaries, or any contract, commitment, agreement, understanding or arrangement of any kind relating to the issuance of any capital stock of the Company or any such subsidiary, any such convertible or exchangeable securities or any such rights, warrants or options; the capital stock of the Company conforms in all material respects to the description thereof contained in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus; and all the outstanding shares of capital stock or other equity interests of each subsidiary of the Company have been duly and validly authorized and issued, are fully paid and non-assessable (except as otherwise described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus), and are owned directly or indirectly by the Company, free and clear of any lien, charge, encumbrance, security interest, restriction on voting or transfer or any other claim of any third party, except as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

(j)    Stock Options and Restricted Stock. With respect to the stock options (the “Stock Options”) and shares of restricted stock granted pursuant to the stock-based compensation plans of the Company and its subsidiaries (the “Company Stock Plans”), (i) each Stock Option intended to qualify as an “incentive stock option” under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) so qualifies, (ii) each grant of a Stock Option and restricted stock was duly authorized no later than the date on which the grant of such Stock Option or the issuance of restricted stock was by its terms to be effective (the “Grant Date”) by all necessary corporate action, including, as applicable, approval by the Board of Directors of the Company (or a duly constituted and authorized committee thereof) and any required stockholder approval by the necessary number of votes or written consents, and the award agreement governing such grant (if any) was duly executed and delivered by each party thereto, (iii) each such grant was made in accordance with the terms of the Company Stock Plans, the Exchange Act and all other applicable laws and regulatory rules or requirements, including the rules of the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and any other exchange on which Company securities are traded, and (iv) each such grant was properly accounted for in accordance with GAAP in the financial statements (including the related notes) of the Company and disclosed in the Company's filings with the Commission in accordance with the Exchange Act and all other applicable laws. The Company has not knowingly granted, and there is no and has been no policy or practice of the Company of granting, Stock Options prior to, or otherwise coordinating the grant of Stock Options with, the release or other public announcement of material information regarding the Company or its subsidiaries or their results of operations or prospects.

(k)    Due Authorization. The Company has full right, power and authority to execute and deliver this Agreement (the “Transaction Document”) and to perform its obligations hereunder and thereunder; and all action required to be taken for the due and proper authorization, execution and delivery by it of this Agreement and the consummation by it of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby has been duly and validly taken.
 
(l)    Underwriting Agreement. This Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company.





(m)     The Shares. The Shares have been duly authorized, duly and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable and conform to the descriptions thereof in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

(n)    Descriptions of the Transaction Documents. Each Transaction Document conforms in all material respects to the description thereof contained in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

(o)    No Violation or Default. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is (i) in violation of its charter, by-laws or similar organizational documents; (ii)  in default, and no event has occurred that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would constitute such a default, in the due performance or observance of any term, covenant or condition contained in any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject; or (iii) in violation of any law or statute or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, except, in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) above, for any such default or violation that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(p)    No Conflicts. The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of each of the Transaction Documents and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents will not (i) conflict with or result in a breach or violation of any of the terms or provisions of, or constitute a default under, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance upon any property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries pursuant to, any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other agreement or instrument to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or by which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is subject, (ii) result in any violation of the provisions of the charter or by-laws or similar organizational documents of the Company or any of its subsidiaries or (iii) result in the violation of any law or statute or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority, except, in the case of clauses (i) and (iii) above, for any such conflict, breach, violation, default, lien, charge or encumbrance that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(q)    No Consents Required. No consent, approval, authorization, order, license, registration or qualification of or with any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory authority is required for the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of each of the Transaction Documents and the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents, except for the registration of the Shares under the Securities Act, and such consents, approvals, authorizations, orders and registrations or qualifications as may be required by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) and under applicable state securities laws in connection with the purchase and distribution of the Shares by the Underwriters.

(r)    Legal Proceedings. Except as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there are no legal, governmental or regulatory investigations, actions, suits or proceedings pending to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries is a party or to which any property of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is the subject that, individually or in the aggregate, if determined adversely to the Company or any of its subsidiaries, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; to the knowledge of the Company, no legal, governmental or regulatory investigations, actions, suits or proceedings are threatened or contemplated by any governmental or regulatory authority or threatened by others to which the Company or any of its subsidiaries may be a party or to which any property of the Company or any of its subsidiaries may be subject that, individually or in the aggregate, if determined adversely to the Company or any of its subsidiaries, would reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(s)    Independent Accountants. PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP, who have certified certain financial statements of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries, is an independent registered public




accounting firm with respect to the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries within the applicable rules and regulations adopted by the Commission and the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) and as required by the Securities Act.
(t)    Title to Real and Personal Property. The Company and its subsidiaries have good and marketable title in fee simple (in the case of real property) to, or valid rights to lease or otherwise use, all items of real and personal property that are material to the respective businesses of the Company and its subsidiaries, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances, claims and defects and imperfections of title except those that (i) do not materially interfere with the use made and proposed to be made of such property by the Company and its subsidiaries or (ii) would not reasonably be expected, individually or in the aggregate, to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(u)    Title to Intellectual Property. The Company and its subsidiaries own or possess adequate rights to use all material patents, patent applications, trademarks, service marks, trade names, trademark registrations, service mark registrations, copyrights, licenses and know-how (including trade secrets and other unpatented and/or unpatentable proprietary or confidential information, systems or procedures) necessary for the conduct of their respective businesses as currently conducted and as proposed to be conducted, and the conduct of their respective businesses will not conflict in any material respect with any such rights of others. The Company and its subsidiaries have not received any notice of any claim of infringement, misappropriation or conflict with any such rights of others in connection with its patents, patent rights, licenses, inventions, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights and know-how, which, if determined adversely to the Company, would reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(v)    No Undisclosed Relationships. No relationship, direct or indirect, exists between or among the Company or any of its subsidiaries, on the one hand, and the directors, officers, stockholders or other affiliates of the Company or any of its subsidiaries, on the other, that would be required by the Securities Act to be described in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus and that is not so described in such documents and in the Pricing Disclosure Package.
Investment Company Act. The Company is not required to register as an “investment company” or an entity “controlled” by an “investment company” within the meaning of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder (collectively, the “Investment Company Act”).

(x)    Taxes. The Company and its subsidiaries have paid all federal, state, local and foreign taxes and filed all tax returns required to be paid or filed through the date hereof; and except as otherwise disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there is no tax deficiency that has been, or could reasonably be expected to be, asserted against the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any of their respective properties or assets, other than those taxes being contested in good faith and for which adequate reserves have been provided in accordance with GAAP or those that would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(y)    Licenses and Permits. The Company and its subsidiaries possess all licenses, certificates, permits, registrations and other authorizations issued by, and have made all declarations and filings with, the appropriate federal, state, local or foreign governmental or regulatory authorities that are necessary for the ownership or lease of their respective properties or the conduct of their respective businesses as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, except where the failure to possess or make the same would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect; and except as described in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has received written notice of any revocation or modification of any such license, certificate, permit or authorization or has any reason to believe that any such license, certificate, permit or authorization will not be renewed in the ordinary course.





(z)    No Labor Disputes. No labor disturbance by or dispute with employees of the Company or any of its subsidiaries exists or, to the knowledge of the Company, is contemplated or threatened, except as would not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(aa)    Compliance with and Liability under Environmental Laws. Except for any such matter, as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect or except as described in each of the Time of Sale Information and the Offering Memorandum, (i) the Company and its subsidiaries (a) are, and at all prior times were, in compliance with any and all applicable federal, state, local and foreign laws, rules, regulations, requirements, decisions, judgments, decrees, orders and the common law relating to pollution or the protection of the environment, natural resources or human health or safety, including those relating to the generation, storage, treatment, use, handling, transportation, Release or threat of Release of Hazardous Materials (collectively, “Environmental Laws”), (b) have received and are in compliance with all permits, licenses, certificates or other authorizations or approvals required of them under applicable Environmental Laws to conduct their respective businesses, (c) have not received notice of any actual or potential liability under or relating to, or actual or potential violation of, any Environmental Laws, including for the investigation or remediation of any Release or threat of Release of Hazardous Materials, and have no knowledge of any event or condition that would reasonably be expected to result in any such notice, (d) are not conducting or paying for, in whole or in part, any investigation, remediation or other corrective action pursuant to any Environmental Law at any location, and (e) are not a party to any order, decree or agreement that imposes any obligation or liability under any Environmental Law, (ii) there are no costs or liabilities associated with Environmental Laws of or relating to the Company or its subsidiaries, (iii) there are no proceedings that are pending, or that are known to be contemplated, against the Company or any of its subsidiaries under any Environmental Laws in which a governmental entity is also a party, (iv) the Company and its subsidiaries are not aware of any facts or issues regarding compliance with Environmental Laws, or liabilities or other obligations under Environmental Laws, including the Release or threat of Release of Hazardous Materials, and (v) none of the Company and its subsidiaries anticipates capital expenditures relating to any Environmental Laws. “Hazardous Materials” means any material, chemical, substance ,waste, pollutant, contaminant, compound, mixture, or constituent thereof, in any form or amount, including petroleum (including crude oil or any fraction thereof) and petroleum products, natural gas liquids, asbestos and asbestos containing materials, naturally occurring radioactive materials, brine, and drilling mud, regulated or which can give rise to liability under any Environmental Law. “Release” means any spilling, leaking, seepage, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, disposing, depositing, dispersing, or migrating in, into or through the environment, or in, into from or through any building or structure.

(bb)    Compliance with ERISA. (i) Each employee benefit plan, within the meaning of Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), for which the Company or any member of its “Controlled Group” (defined as any organization which is a member of a controlled group of corporations within the meaning of Section 414 of the Code) would have any liability (each, a “Plan”) has been maintained in compliance with its terms and the requirements of any applicable statutes, orders, rules and regulations, including but not limited to ERISA and the Code, except for noncompliance that could not reasonably be expected to result in material liability to the Company or its subsidiaries; (ii) no prohibited transaction, within the meaning of Section 406 of ERISA or Section 4975 of the Code, has occurred with respect to any Plan excluding transactions effected pursuant to a statutory or administrative exemption that could reasonably be expected to result in a material liability to the Company or its subsidiaries; (iii) for each Plan that is subject to the funding rules of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA, the minimum funding standard of Section 412 of the Code or Section 302 of ERISA, as applicable, has been satisfied (without taking into account any waiver thereof or extension of any amortization period) and is reasonably expected to be satisfied in the future (without taking into account any waiver thereof or extension of any amortization period); (iv) the fair market value of the assets of each Plan exceeds the present value of all benefits accrued under such Plan (determined based on those assumptions used to fund such Plan); (v) no “reportable event” (within the meaning of Section 4043(c) of ERISA) has occurred or is reasonably expected to occur that either has resulted, or could reasonably be expected to result, in material liability to the Company or its subsidiaries; (vi) neither the Company nor any member of the Controlled Group has incurred, nor reasonably expects to incur, any liability under Title IV of ERISA (other than contributions to the Plan or premiums to the PBGC, in the ordinary course and without default) in respect of a Plan (including a “multiemployer




plan”, within the meaning of Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA); and (vii) there is no pending audit or investigation by the Internal Revenue Service, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or any other governmental agency or any foreign regulatory agency with respect to any Plan that could reasonably be expected to result in material liability to the Company or its subsidiaries. None of the following events has occurred or is reasonably likely to occur: (x) a material increase in the aggregate amount of contributions required to be made to all Plans by the Company or its subsidiaries in the current fiscal year of the Company and its subsidiaries compared to the amount of such contributions made in the Company and its subsidiaries’ most recently completed fiscal year; or (y) a material increase in the Company and its subsidiaries’ “accumulated post-retirement benefit obligations” (within the meaning of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards 106) compared to the amount of such obligations in the Company and its subsidiaries’ most recently completed fiscal year.

(cc)    Disclosure Controls. The Company and its subsidiaries maintain an effective system of “disclosure controls and procedures” (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) of the Exchange Act) that is designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms, including controls and procedures designed to ensure that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company and its subsidiaries have carried out evaluations of the effectiveness of their disclosure controls and procedures as required by Rule 13a-15 of the Exchange Act.

(dd)    Accounting Controls. The Company and its subsidiaries maintain systems of “internal control over financial reporting” (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) of the Exchange Act) that comply with the requirements of the Exchange Act and have been designed by, or under the supervision of, their respective principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. The Company and its subsidiaries maintain internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations; (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and to maintain asset accountability; (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization; (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences; and (v) interactive data in eXtensible Business Reporting Language included or incorporated by reference in each of the Preliminary Offering Memorandum, the Time of Sale Information and the Offering Memorandum is prepared in accordance with the Commission's rules and guidelines applicable thereto. Except as disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, there are no material weaknesses in the Company’s internal controls.

(ee)    Insurance. The Company and its subsidiaries have insurance covering their respective properties, operations, personnel and businesses material to their operations, including business interruption insurance, which insurance is in amounts and insures against such losses and risks as the Company reasonably believes are adequate to protect the Company and its subsidiaries and their respective businesses from material losses; and neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries has (i) received notice from any insurer or agent of such insurer that capital improvements or other expenditures are required or necessary to be made in order to continue such insurance or (ii) any reason to believe that it will not be able to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage at reasonable cost from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business.

(ff)    No Unlawful Payments. Since January 1, 2011, neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any director, officer, employee, agent, affiliate or other person acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries has (i) used any corporate funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity; (ii) made or taken an act in furtherance of an offer, promise or authorization of any direct or indirect unlawful payment or benefit to any foreign or domestic government official or employee from corporate funds, including of any government-owned or




controlled entity or of a public international organization, or any person acting in an official capacity for or on behalf of any of the foregoing, or any political party or party official or candidate for political office; (iii) violated or is in violation of any provision of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, or any applicable law or regulation implementing the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions, or committed an offence under the Bribery Act 2010 of the United Kingdom, or any other anti-bribery or anti-corruption law in any jurisdictions where the Company or any of its subsidiaries conducts business; or (iv) made, offered, agreed, requested or taken an act in furtherance of any unlawful bribe or other unlawful benefit, including, without limitation, any unlawful rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful or improper payment or benefit. The Company and its subsidiaries have instituted, maintain and enforce, and will continue to maintain and enforce, policies and procedures designed to promote and ensure compliance with all applicable anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws.

(gg)    Compliance with Money Laundering Laws. The operations of the Company and its subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in material compliance with applicable financial recordkeeping and reporting requirements, including those of the Currency and Foreign Transactions Reporting Act of 1970, as amended, the applicable money laundering statutes of all jurisdictions where the Company or any of its subsidiaries conducts business, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any governmental agency in any jurisdictions where the Company or any of its subsidiaries conducts business (collectively, the “Anti-Money Laundering Laws”), and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court or governmental agency, authority or body or any arbitrator involving the Company or any of its subsidiaries with respect to the Anti-Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened.

(hh)    No Conflicts with Sanctions Laws. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries, nor, to the knowledge of the Company, any director, officer, employee, agent, affiliate or other person acting on behalf of the Company or any of its subsidiaries is currently the target of any sanctions administered or enforced by the U.S. government (including, without limitation, the Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“OFAC”) or the U.S. Department of State and including, without limitation, the designation as a “specially designated national” or “blocked person”), the United Nations Security Council (“UNSC”), the European Union, Her Majesty’s Treasury (“HMT”), or other sanctions authority in any jurisdictions where the Company or any of its subsidiaries conducts business (collectively, “Sanctions”), nor is the Company or any of its subsidiaries located, organized or resident in a country or territory that is the target of Sanctions, including, without limitation, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan, Syria and Crimea (each, a “Sanctioned Country”). For the past five years, the Company and its subsidiaries have not knowingly engaged in, are not now knowingly engaged in and will not engage in any dealings or transactions with any person that at the time of the dealing or transaction is or was the target of Sanctions or with any Sanctioned Country.

(ii)    No Restrictions on Subsidiaries. Except as previously disclosed in the Company’s reports filed with the Commission, no subsidiary of the Company is currently prohibited, directly or indirectly, under any agreement or other instrument to which it is a party or is subject, from paying any dividends to the Company, from making any other distribution on such subsidiary’s capital stock, from repaying to the Company any loans or advances to such subsidiary from the Company or from transferring any of such subsidiary’s properties or assets to the Company or any other subsidiary of the Company.

(jj)    No Broker’s Fees. Neither the Company nor any of its subsidiaries is a party to any contract, agreement or understanding with any person (other than this Agreement) that would give rise to a valid claim against the Company or any of its subsidiaries or any Underwriter for a brokerage commission, finder’s fee or like payment in connection with the offering and sale of the Shares.

(kk)    No Registration Rights. There are no persons with registration rights or other similar rights to have any securities registered for sale by the Company under the Securities Act, other than those rights that have been disclosed in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.





(ll)    No Stabilization. The Company has not taken, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in any stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Shares.

(mm)    Forward-Looking Statements. No forward-looking statement (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act) contained in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Prospectus has been made or reaffirmed without a reasonable basis or has been disclosed other than in good faith.

(nn)    Statistical and Market Data. Nothing has come to the attention of the Company that has caused the Company to believe that the industry statistical and market-related data included in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus is not based on or derived from sources that are reliable and accurate in all material respects.

(oo)    Sarbanes-Oxley Act. There is and has been no failure on the part of the Company or, to the knowledge of the Company, any of the Company’s directors or officers, in their capacities as such, to comply in all material respects with any provision of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated in connection therewith (the “Sarbanes-Oxley Act”), including Section 402 related to loans and Sections 302 and 906 related to certifications.

(pp)    Status under the Securities Act. At the time of filing the Registration Statement and any post-effective amendment thereto, at the earliest time thereafter that the Company or any offering participant made a bona fide offer (within the meaning of Rule 164(h)(2) under the Securities Act) of the Shares and at the date hereof, the Company was not and is not an “ineligible issuer,” as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

(qq)    Certain Bank Regulatory Matters. Each of the Company and the Bank are in compliance with all laws administered by and regulations applicable to it of the Federal Reserve, the OCC, the FDIC, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau and of any other authority with jurisdiction over it (each, a “Regulator”) except where failure to so comply would not reasonable be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. Other than as set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus, neither the Company, the Bank, nor any of their respective subsidiaries is party to or otherwise subject to any order, consent decree, memorandum of understanding, order of prohibition or suspension, written commitment or other supervisory agreement with any Regulator, nor has the Company, the Bank, nor any of its subsidiaries been advised by any Regulator that it is contemplating issuing or requesting (or is considering the appropriateness of issuing or requesting) any of the foregoing except where being party to or subject to such order, consent decree, memorandum of understanding, order of prohibition or suspension, written commitment or other supervisory agreement would not result in a Material Adverse Effect.

(rr)    Exchange Listing. The Shares have been listed on the NYSE.

4.    Representations and Warranties of the Selling Stockholder. The Selling Stockholder represents and warrants to each Underwriter and the Company that:

(a)    Required Consents; Authority. All consents, approvals, authorizations and orders necessary for the execution and delivery by the Selling Stockholder of this Agreement, and for the sale and delivery of the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder hereunder, have been obtained; and the Selling Stockholder has full right, power and authority to enter into this Agreement and to sell, assign, transfer and deliver the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder hereunder; this Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Selling Stockholder.

(b)    No Conflicts. The execution, delivery and performance by the Selling Stockholder of this Agreement, the sale of the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder and the consummation by the Selling Stockholder of the transactions contemplated herein or therein will not (i) conflict with or result in a breach or




violation of any of the terms or provisions of, or constitute a default under, or result in the creation or imposition of any lien, charge or encumbrance upon any property or assets of the Selling Stockholder pursuant to, any indenture, mortgage, deed of trust, loan agreement or other agreement or instrument to which the Selling Stockholder is a party or by which the Selling Stockholder is bound or to which any of the property or assets of the Selling Stockholder is subject, (ii) result in any violation of the provisions of the charter or by-laws or similar organizational documents of the Selling Stockholder or (iii) result in the violation of any law or statute or any judgment, order, rule or regulation of any court or arbitrator or governmental or regulatory agency, except, in the case of clauses (i) and (iii) above, as would not, individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect.

(c)    Title to Shares. The Selling Stockholder has, and at the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date will have, valid title to the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder pursuant to this Agreement, free and clear of all security interests, claims, liens, equities or other encumbrances and the legal right and power, and all authorization and approval required by law, to enter into this Agreement and to sell, transfer and deliver the Shares to be sold by such Selling Stockholder pursuant to this Agreement or a valid security entitlement in respect of such Shares.

(d)    No Stabilization. The Selling Stockholder has not taken and will not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in any stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Shares.

(e)    Issuer Free Writing Prospectus and Written Testing-the-Waters Communication. Other than the Registration Statement, the Preliminary Prospectus and the Prospectus, the Selling Stockholder (including its agents and representatives, other than the Underwriters in their capacity as such) has not prepared, used, authorized, approved or referred to and will not prepare, use, authorize, approve or refer to any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, other than (i) any document not constituting a prospectus pursuant to Section 2(a)(10)(a) of the Securities Act or Rule 134 under the Securities Act or (ii) the documents listed on Annex C hereto, each electronic road show and any other written communications approved in writing in advance by the Company and the Representatives.

(f)    Material Information. As of the date hereof, as of the Closing Date and as of the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, the sale of the Shares by the Selling Stockholder is not and will not be prompted by any material information concerning the Company which is not set forth in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Prospectus. The information pertaining to the Selling Stockholder under the caption “Selling Stockholders” in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus (and any similar section or information contained in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Prospectus) is complete and accurate in all material respects.

(g)    No Conflicts with Sanctions Laws. Neither the Selling Stockholder nor, to the knowledge of the Selling Stockholder, any director, officer, employee agent, affiliate (other than the Company and its subsidiaries) or other person acting on behalf of the Selling Stockholder is currently the target of any Sanctions, nor is the Selling Stockholder located, organized or resident in any Sanctioned Country; and the Selling Stockholder will not directly or indirectly use the proceeds of the offering of the Shares hereunder, or lend, contribute or otherwise make available such proceeds to any joint venture partner or other person or entity (i) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business with any person that, at the time of such funding or facilitation, is the subject or target of Sanctions, (ii) to fund or facilitate any activities of or business in any Sanctioned Country in violation of applicable Sanctions (iii) in any other manner that will result in a violation by any person (including any person participating in the transaction, whether as underwriter, advisor, investor or otherwise) of Sanctions.

(h)    Organization and Good Standing. The Selling Stockholder has been duly formed and is validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its respective jurisdictions of organization, is duly qualified to do business and is in good standing in each jurisdiction in which its respective ownership or lease of property or the conduct of their respective businesses requires such qualification, and have all power and authority necessary to




own or hold its respective properties and to conduct the businesses in which it is engaged, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing or have such power or authority would not materially impair the ability of the Selling Stockholder to consummate the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.
(i)    ERISA. The Selling Stockholder represents and warrants that it is not, and no portion of the Shares of such Selling Stockholder constitute the assets of, (1) an employee benefit plan subject to Title I of ERISA, (2) a plan or account subject to Section 4975 of the Code, as amended, or (3) an entity deemed to hold “plan assets” of any such plan or account under Section 3(42) of ERISA, 29 C.F.R. 2510.3-101, or otherwise.

(j)    Upon payment for the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder pursuant to this Agreement, delivery of such Shares, as directed by the Underwriters, to Cede & Co. (“Cede”) or such other nominee as may be designated by the Depository Trust Company (“DTC”), registration of such Shares in the name of Cede or such other nominee and the crediting of such Shares on the books of DTC to securities accounts of the Underwriters (assuming that neither DTC nor any such Underwriter has notice of any adverse claim (within the meaning of Section 8-105 of the New York Uniform Commercial Code (the “UCC”)) to such Shares), (A) DTC shall be a “protected purchaser” of such Shares within the meaning of Section 8-303 of the UCC, (B) under Section 8-501 of the UCC, the Underwriters will acquire a valid security entitlement in respect of such Shares and (C) no action based on any “adverse claim”, within the meaning of Section 8-102 of the UCC, to such Shares may be asserted against the Underwriters with respect to such security entitlement; for purposes of this representation, the Selling Stockholder may assume that when such payment, delivery and crediting occur, (x) such Shares will have been registered in the name of Cede or another nominee designated by DTC, in each case on the Company’s share registry in accordance with its certificate of incorporation, bylaws and applicable law, (y) DTC will be registered as a “clearing corporation” within the meaning of Section 8-102 of the UCC and (z) appropriate entries to the accounts of the several Underwriters on the records of DTC will have been made pursuant to the Section 8-501 of the UCC.

5.    Further Agreements of the Company. The Company covenants and agrees with each Underwriter that:

(a)    Required Filings. The Company will file the final Prospectus with the Commission within the time periods specified by Rule 424(b) and Rule 430A, 430B or 430C under the Securities Act, will file any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus to the extent required by Rule 433 under the Securities Act; will file promptly all reports and any definitive proxy or information statements required to be filed by the Company with the Commission pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act subsequent to the date of the Prospectus and for so long as the delivery of a prospectus is required in connection with the offering or sale of the Shares; and will furnish copies of the Prospectus and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus (to the extent not previously delivered) to the Underwriters in New York City prior to 10:00 A.M., New York City time, on the business day next succeeding the date of this Agreement in such quantities as the Representatives may reasonably request.

(b)    Delivery of Copies. The Company will deliver, without charge, during the Prospectus Delivery Period (as defined below), as many copies of the Prospectus (including all amendments and supplements thereto and documents incorporated by reference therein and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus) as the Representatives may reasonably request. As used herein, the term “Prospectus Delivery Period” means such period of time after the first date of the public offering of the Shares as in the opinion of counsel for the Underwriters a prospectus relating to the Shares is required by law to be delivered (or required to be delivered but for Rule 172 under the Securities Act) in connection with sales of the Shares by any Underwriter or dealer.

(c)    Amendments or Supplements, Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses. Before preparing, using, authorizing, approving, referring to or filing any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, and before filing any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement or the Prospectus, whether before or after the time that the Registration Statement becomes effective, the Company will furnish to the Representatives and counsel for the Underwriters a copy of the proposed Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, amendment or supplement for review and will not prepare, use, authorize, approve, refer to or file any such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or file any such proposed amendment or supplement to which the Representatives reasonably objects, except as may be required by law.





(d)    Notice to the Representatives. The Company will advise the Representatives promptly, and confirm such advice in writing, (i) when any amendment to the Registration Statement has been filed or becomes effective; (ii) when any supplement to the Prospectus or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any amendment to the Prospectus has been filed; (iii) of any request by the Commission for any amendment to the Registration Statement or any amendment or supplement to the Prospectus or the receipt of any comments from the Commission relating to the Registration Statement or any other request by the Commission for any additional information; (iv) of the issuance by the Commission of any order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement or preventing or suspending the use of any Preliminary Prospectus, any of the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or the initiation or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatening of any proceeding for that purpose or pursuant to Section 8A of the Securities Act; (v) of the occurrence of any event within the Prospectus Delivery Period as a result of which the Prospectus, the Pricing Disclosure Package or any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Prospectus, the Pricing Disclosure Package or any such Issuer Free Writing Prospectus is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading; and (vi) of the receipt by the Company of any notice with respect to any suspension of the qualification of the Shares for offer and sale in any jurisdiction or the initiation or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatening of any proceeding for such purpose; and the Company will use its reasonable best efforts to prevent the issuance of any such order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement, preventing or suspending the use of any Preliminary Prospectus, any of the Pricing Disclosure Package or the Prospectus or suspending any such qualification of the Shares and, if any such order is issued, will use its reasonable best efforts to obtain as soon as practicable the withdrawal thereof.
 
(e)    Ongoing Compliance. (1) If during the Prospectus Delivery Period (i) any event shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which the Prospectus as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Prospectus is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading or (ii) it is necessary to amend or supplement the Prospectus to comply with law, the Company will immediately notify the Underwriters thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to paragraph (c) above, file with the Commission and furnish to the Underwriters and to such dealers as the Representatives may designate such amendments or supplements to the Prospectus as may be necessary so that the statements in the Prospectus as so amended or supplemented will not, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Prospectus is delivered to a purchaser, be misleading or so that the Prospectus will comply with law and (2) if at any time prior to the Closing Date (i) any event shall occur or condition shall exist as a result of which the Pricing Disclosure Package as then amended or supplemented would include any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Pricing Disclosure Package is delivered to a purchaser, not misleading or (ii) it is necessary to amend or supplement the Pricing Disclosure Package to comply with law, the Company will immediately notify the Underwriters thereof and forthwith prepare and, subject to paragraph (c) above, file with the Commission (to the extent required) and furnish to the Underwriters and to such dealers as the Representatives may designate such amendments or supplements to the Pricing Disclosure Package as may be necessary so that the statements in the Pricing Disclosure Package as so amended or supplemented will not, in the light of the circumstances existing when the Pricing Disclosure Package is delivered to a purchaser, be misleading or so that the Pricing Disclosure Package will comply with law.

(f)    Blue Sky Compliance. The Company will qualify the Shares for offer and sale under the securities or Blue Sky laws of such jurisdictions as the Representatives shall reasonably request and will continue such qualifications in effect so long as required for distribution of the Shares; provided that the Company shall not be required to (i) qualify as a foreign corporation or other entity or as a dealer in securities in any such jurisdiction where it would not otherwise be required to so qualify, (ii) file any general consent to service of process in any such jurisdiction or (iii) subject itself to taxation in any such jurisdiction if it is not otherwise so subject.

(g)    Earning Statement. The Company will make generally available to its security holders and the Representatives as soon as practicable an earning statement that satisfies the provisions of Section 11(a) of the




Securities Act and Rule 158 of the Commission promulgated thereunder covering a period of at least twelve months beginning with the first fiscal quarter of the Company occurring after the “effective date” (as defined in Rule 158) of the Registration Statement.
(h)    Clear Market. For a period of 90 days after the date of the Prospectus, the Company will not (i) offer, pledge, announce the intention to sell, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, or file with the Securities and Exchange Commission a registration statement under the Securities Act relating to, any Shares or shares of capital stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for capital stock, or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge, disposition or filing, or (ii) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of capital stock or any such other securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (i) or (ii) above is to be settled by delivery of shares of Common Stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P., other than the Shares to be sold hereunder and any shares of Common Stock of the Company issued upon the exercise of options or vesting of restricted stock granted under Company Stock Plans.
    
(i)    Use of Proceeds. The Company will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Shares by the Selling Stockholder.

(j)    No Stabilization. The Company will not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in any stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Stock.

(k)    Record Retention. The Company will, pursuant to reasonable procedures developed in good faith, retain copies of each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus that is not filed with the Commission in accordance with Rule 433 under the Securities Act.

6.    Further Agreements of the Selling Stockholder. The Selling Stockholder covenants and agrees with each Underwriter that:

(a)    Clear Market. For a period of 90 days after the date of the initial public offering of the Shares, the Selling Stockholder will not (i) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any shares of Stock or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Stock (including without limitation, Stock or such other securities which may be deemed to be beneficially owned by the Selling Stockholder in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Commission and securities which may be issued upon exercise of a stock option or warrant), or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge or disposition, (ii) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the Stock or any such other securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (i) or (ii) above is to be settled by delivery of Stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise or (iii) make any demand for or exercise any right with respect to the registration of any shares of Stock or any security convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Stock without the prior written consent of Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P., in each case other than the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder hereunder.

(b)    No Stabilization. The Selling Stockholder will not take, directly or indirectly, any action designed to or that could reasonably be expected to cause or result in any stabilization or manipulation of the price of the Stock.

(c)    Tax Form. It will deliver to the Representatives prior to or at the Closing Date a properly completed and executed United States Treasury Department Form W-9 (or other applicable form or statement specified by the Treasury Department regulations in lieu thereof) in order to facilitate the Underwriters’ documentation of their compliance with the reporting and withholding provisions of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 with respect to the transactions herein contemplated.





(d)    Material Information. During the Prospectus Delivery Period, the Selling Stockholder will advise the Representatives promptly, and will confirm such advice in writing to the Representatives, of any change in the information relating to the Selling Stockholder in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus or the Pricing Disclosure Package.

7.    Certain Agreements of the Underwriters.     Each Underwriter hereby represents and agrees that:

(a)    It has not used, authorized use of, referred to or participated in the planning for use of, and will not use, authorize use of, refer to or participate in the planning for use of, any “free writing prospectus”, as defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act (which term includes use of any written information furnished to the Commission by the Company and not incorporated by reference into the Registration Statement and any press release issued by the Company) other than (i) a free writing prospectus that contains no “issuer information” (as defined in Rule 433(h)(2) under the Securities Act) that was not included (including through incorporation by reference) in the Preliminary Prospectus or a previously filed Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, (ii) any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus listed on Annex C or prepared pursuant to Section 3(c) or Section 4(e) above (including any electronic road show), or (iii) any free writing prospectus prepared by such underwriter and approved by the Company in advance in writing (each such free writing prospectus referred to in clauses (i) or (iii), an “Underwriter Free Writing Prospectus”).

(b)    It has not and will not, without the prior written consent of the Company, use any free writing prospectus that contains the final terms of the Shares unless such terms have previously been included in a free writing prospectus filed with the Commission; provided that Underwriters may use a term sheet substantially in the form of Annex D hereto without the consent of the Company; provided further that any Underwriter using such term sheet shall notify the Company, and provide a copy of such term sheet to the Company, prior to, or substantially concurrently with, the first use of such term sheet.

(c)    It is not subject to any pending proceeding under Section 8A of the Securities Act with respect to the offering (and will promptly notify the Company if any such proceeding against it is initiated during the Prospectus Delivery Period).

8.    Conditions of Underwriters’ Obligations. The obligation of each Underwriter to purchase the Underwritten Shares on the Closing Date or the Option Shares on the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, as provided herein is subject to the performance by the Company of its covenants and other obligations hereunder and to the following additional conditions:

(a)    Registration Compliance; No Stop Order. No order suspending the effectiveness of the Registration Statement shall be in effect, and no proceeding for such purpose or pursuant to Section 8A under the Securities Act shall be pending before or threatened by the Commission; the Prospectus and each Issuer Free Writing Prospectus shall have been timely filed with the Commission under the Securities Act (in the case of an Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, to the extent required by Rule 433 under the Securities Act) and in accordance with Section 4(e) hereof; and all requests by the Commission for additional information shall have been complied with to the reasonable satisfaction of the Representatives.

(b)    Representations and Warranties. The representations and warranties of the Company contained herein shall be true and correct on the date hereof and on and as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be; and the statements of the Company and its officers made in any certificates delivered pursuant to this Agreement shall be true and correct on and as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

(c)    No Downgrade. Subsequent to the earlier of (A) the Applicable Time and (B) the execution and delivery of this Agreement, if there are any debt securities or preferred stock of, or guaranteed by, the Company or any of its subsidiaries that are rated by a “nationally recognized statistical rating organization,” as such term is defined by the Commission for purposes of Rule 436(g)(2) under the Securities Act, (i) no downgrading




shall have occurred in the rating accorded any such debt securities or preferred stock and (ii) no such organization shall have publicly announced that it has under surveillance or review, or has changed its outlook with respect to, its rating of any such debt securities or preferred stock (other than an announcement with positive implications of a possible upgrading).

(d)    No Material Adverse Change. No event or condition of a type described in Section 3(g) hereof shall have occurred or shall exist, which event or condition is not described in the Pricing Disclosure Package (excluding any amendment or supplement thereto) and the Prospectus (excluding any amendment or supplement thereto) and the effect of which in the judgment of the Representatives makes it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering, sale or delivery of the Shares on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, on the terms and in the manner contemplated by this Agreement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

(e)    Officer’s Certificate. The Representatives shall have received on and as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, a certificate of the chief financial officer or chief accounting officer of the Company and one additional senior executive officer of the Company who is satisfactory to the Representatives (i) confirming that such officers have carefully reviewed the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus and, to the knowledge of such officers, the representations set forth in Sections 3(b) and 3(d) hereof are true and correct, (ii) confirming that the other representations and warranties of the Company in this Agreement are true and correct and that the Company has complied with all agreements and satisfied all conditions on its part to be performed or satisfied hereunder at or prior to the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and (iii) to the effect set forth in paragraphs (a), (c) and (d) above.

(f)    Comfort Letters. On the date of this Agreement and on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP shall have furnished to the Representatives, at the request of the Company, letters, dated the respective dates of delivery thereof and addressed to the Underwriters, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Representatives, containing statements and information of the type customarily included in accountants’ “comfort letters” to underwriters with respect to the financial statements and certain financial information contained or incorporated by reference in the Registration Statement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus; provided, that the letter delivered on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, shall use a “cut-off” date no more than three business days prior to such Closing Date or such Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

(g)    Opinion and 10b-5 Statement of Counsel for the Company. Sullivan & Cromwell LLP, counsel for the Company, shall have furnished to the Representatives, at the request of the Company, their written opinion and 10b-5 statement, dated the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and addressed to the Underwriters, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Representatives, to the effect set forth in Annex A hereto.

(h)    Opinion of Local Counsel. Warner Norcross & Judd LLP, counsel for the Company in the state of Michigan, shall have furnished to the Representatives, at the request of the Company, its written opinion, dated the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, and addressed to the Underwriters, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to the Representatives, to the effect set forth in Annex B here to.

(i)    Opinion and 10b-5 Statement of Counsel for the Underwriters. The Representatives shall have received on and as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, an opinion and 10b-5 statement of Simpson Thacher & Bartlett, LLP, counsel for the Underwriters, with respect to such matters as the Representatives may reasonably request, and such counsel shall have received such documents and information as they may reasonably request to enable them to pass upon such matters.

(j)    No Legal Impediment to Sale. No action shall have been taken and no statute, rule, regulation or order shall have been enacted, adopted or issued by any federal, state or foreign governmental or regulatory authority that would, as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, prevent




the issuance or sale of the Shares; and no injunction or order of any federal, state or foreign court shall have been issued that would, as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, prevent the issuance or sale of the Shares.
(k)    Good Standing. The Representatives shall have received on and as of the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, satisfactory evidence of the good standing of the Company in the state of Michigan and its good standing in such other jurisdictions as the Representatives may reasonably request, in each case in writing or any standard form of telecommunication from the appropriate governmental authorities of such jurisdictions.

(l)    Exchange Listing. The Shares to be delivered on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, shall have been approved for listing on the NYSE.

(m)    Lock-up Agreements. The “lock-up” agreements, each substantially in the form of Exhibit A hereto, between you and officers and directors of the Company relating to sales and certain other dispositions of capital stock or certain other securities, delivered to you on or before the date hereof, shall be full force and effect on the Closing Date or Additional Closing Date, as the case may be.

(n)    Additional Documents. On or prior to the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, the Company and the Selling Stockholder shall have furnished to the Representatives such further certificates and documents as the Representatives may reasonably request.

(o)    Chief Financial Officer Certificate. The Representatives shall have received on and as of the Closing Date a certificate of the chief financial officer of the Company confirming that (i) he is familiar with the books and records and internal accounting practices, policies, procedures and controls of the Company and has had responsibility for accounting matters with respect to the Company, (ii) he has reviewed the identified information, which is included in the Registration Statement, the Time of Sale Information and the Prospectus and which has not been otherwise reviewed by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, and (iii) he is attesting to the accuracy of the identified information in all material respects.

All opinions, letters, certificates and evidence mentioned above or elsewhere in this Agreement shall be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions hereof only if they are in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to counsel for the Underwriters.
9.    Indemnification and Contribution.

(a)    Indemnification of the Underwriters by the Selling Stockholder. The Selling Stockholder agrees to indemnify and hold harmless each Underwriter, its affiliates, partners, directors and officers and each person, if any, who controls such Underwriter within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act, from and against any and all losses, claims, damages and liabilities (including, without limitation, legal fees and other expenses incurred in connection with any suit, action or proceeding or any claim asserted, as such fees and expenses are incurred), joint or several, that arise out of, or are based upon, (i) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Registration Statement or caused by any omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, not misleading, (ii) or any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact contained in the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto), any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any “issuer information” filed or required to be filed pursuant to Rule 433(d) under the Securities Act or any Pricing Disclosure Package, or caused by any omission or alleged omission to state therein a material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, in each case except insofar as such losses, claims, damages or liabilities arise out of, or are based upon, any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission made in reliance upon and in conformity with any information relating to any Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use therein, it being understood and agreed that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the information described as such in subsection (b) below.





(b)     Indemnification of the Company and the Selling Stockholder. Each Underwriter agrees, severally and not jointly, to indemnify and hold harmless the Company, its directors, its officers who signed the Registration Statement and each person, if any, who controls the Company within the meaning of Section 15 of the Securities Act or Section 20 of the Exchange Act and each of the Selling Stockholder to the same extent as the indemnity set forth in paragraph (a) above, but only with respect to any losses, claims, damages or liabilities that arise out of, or are based upon, any untrue statement or omission or alleged untrue statement or omission made in reliance upon and in conformity with any information relating to such Underwriter furnished to the Company in writing by such Underwriter through the Representatives expressly for use in the Registration Statement, the Prospectus (or any amendment or supplement thereto), any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus or any Pricing Disclosure Package, it being understood and agreed upon that the only such information furnished by any Underwriter consists of the following information in the Prospectus furnished on behalf of each Underwriter: the concession and reallowance figures appearing in the third paragraph under the caption “Underwriting” and the information contained in the fourteenth and fifteenth paragraphs under the caption “Underwriting”.

(c)    Notice and Procedures. If any suit, action, proceeding (including any governmental or regulatory investigation), claim or demand shall be brought or asserted against any person in respect of which indemnification may be sought pursuant to either paragraph (a) or (b) above, such person (the “Indemnified Person”) shall promptly notify the person against whom such indemnification may be sought (the “Indemnifying Person”) in writing; provided that the failure to notify the Indemnifying Person shall not relieve it from any liability that it may have under paragraph (a) or (b) above except to the extent that it has been materially prejudiced (through the forfeiture of substantive rights or defenses) by such failure; and provided, further, that the failure to notify the Indemnifying Person shall not relieve it from any liability that it may have to an Indemnified Person otherwise than under paragraph (a) or (b) above. If any such proceeding shall be brought or asserted against an Indemnified Person and it shall have notified the Indemnifying Person thereof, the Indemnifying Person shall retain counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnified Person (who shall not, without the consent of the Indemnified Person, be counsel to the Indemnifying Person) to represent the Indemnified Person and any others entitled to indemnification pursuant to this Section 9 that the Indemnifying Person may designate in such proceeding and shall pay the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of such proceeding and shall pay the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of such counsel related to such proceeding, as incurred. In any such proceeding, any Indemnified Person shall have the right to retain its own counsel, but the reasonable fees and expenses of such counsel shall be at the expense of such Indemnified Person unless (i) the Indemnifying Person and the Indemnified Person shall have mutually agreed to the contrary; (ii) the Indemnifying Person has failed within a reasonable time to retain counsel reasonably satisfactory to the Indemnified Person; (iii) the Indemnified Person shall have reasonably concluded that there may be legal defenses available to it that are different from or in addition to those available to the Indemnifying Person; or (iv) the named parties in any such proceeding (including any impleaded parties) include both the Indemnifying Person and the Indemnified Person and representation of both parties by the same counsel would be inappropriate due to actual or potential differing interest between them. It is understood and agreed that the Indemnifying Person shall not, in connection with any proceeding or related proceedings in the same jurisdiction, be liable for the fees and expenses of more than one separate firm (in addition to any local counsel) for all Indemnified Persons, and that all such fees and expenses shall be paid or reimbursed as they are incurred. Any such separate firm for any Underwriter, its affiliates, partners, directors and officers and any control persons of such Underwriter shall be designated in writing by Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P. and any such separate firm for the Company, its directors, its officers who signed the Registration Statement and any control persons of the Company shall be designated in writing by the Company. The Indemnifying Person shall not be liable for any settlement of any proceeding effected without its written consent, but if settled with such consent or if there be a final judgment for the plaintiff, the Indemnifying Person agrees to indemnify each Indemnified Person from and against any loss or liability by reason of such settlement or judgment. No Indemnifying Person shall, without the written consent of the Indemnified Person, effect any settlement of any pending or threatened proceeding in respect of which any Indemnified Person is or could have been a party and indemnification could have been sought hereunder by such Indemnified Person, unless such settlement (x) includes an unconditional release of such Indemnified Person, in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to such Indemnified Person, from all liability on claims that are the subject matter of such proceeding and (y) does not include any statement as to or any admission of fault, culpability or a failure to act by




or on behalf of any Indemnified Person.

(d)    Contribution. If the indemnification provided for in paragraphs (a) and (b) above is unavailable to an Indemnified Person or insufficient in respect of any losses, claims, damages or liabilities referred to therein, then each Indemnifying Person under such paragraph, in lieu of indemnifying such Indemnified Person thereunder, shall contribute to the amount paid or payable by such Indemnified Person as a result of such losses, claims, damages or liabilities (i) in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect the relative benefits received by the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriters on the other, from the offering of the Shares or (ii) if the allocation provided by clause (i) is not permitted by applicable law, in such proportion as is appropriate to reflect not only the relative benefits referred to in clause (i) but also the relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriters on the other, in connection with the statements or omissions that resulted in such losses, claims, damages or liabilities, as well as any other relevant equitable considerations. The relative benefits received by the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriters on the other, shall be deemed to be in the same respective proportions as the net proceeds (before deducting expenses) received by the Company from the sale of the Shares and the total underwriting discounts and commissions received by the Underwriters in connection therewith, in each case as set forth in the table on the cover of the Prospectus, bear to the aggregate offering price of the Shares. The relative fault of the Company, on the one hand, and the Underwriters on the other, shall be determined by reference to, among other things, whether the untrue or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or the omission or alleged omission to state a material fact relates to information supplied by the Company or by the Underwriters and the parties’ relative intent, knowledge, access to information and opportunity to correct or prevent such statement or omission.

(e)    Limitation on Liability. The Company, the Selling Stockholder and the Underwriters agree that it would not be just and equitable if contribution pursuant to this Section 7 were determined by pro rata allocation (even if the Selling Stockholder or the Underwriters were treated as one entity for such purpose) or by any other method of allocation that does not take account of the equitable considerations referred to in paragraph (d) above. The amount paid or payable by an Indemnified Person as a result of the losses, claims, damages and liabilities referred to in paragraph (d) above shall be deemed to include, subject to the limitations set forth above, any legal or other expenses incurred by such Indemnified Person in connection with any such action or claim. Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section 9, in no event shall an Underwriter be required to contribute any amount in excess of the amount by which the total underwriting discounts and commissions received by such Underwriter with respect to the offering of the Shares exceeds the amount of any damages that such Underwriter has otherwise been required to pay by reason of such untrue or alleged untrue statement or omission or alleged omission. No person guilty of fraudulent misrepresentation (within the meaning of Section 11(f) of the Securities Act) shall be entitled to contribution from any person who was not guilty of such fraudulent misrepresentation. The Underwriters’ obligations to contribute pursuant to this Section 9 are several in proportion to their respective purchase obligations hereunder and not joint.

(f)    Non-Exclusive Remedies. The remedies provided for in this Section 9 are not exclusive and shall not limit any rights or remedies which may otherwise be available to any Indemnified Person at law or in equity.

10.    Effectiveness of Agreement. This Agreement shall become effective upon the execution and delivery hereof by the parties hereto.

11.    Termination. This Agreement may be terminated in the absolute discretion of the Representatives, by notice to the Company, if after the execution and delivery of this Agreement and prior to the Closing Date or, in the case of the Option Shares, prior to the Additional Closing Date (i) trading generally shall have been suspended or materially limited on or by any of the NYSE, the American Stock Exchange, the Nasdaq Stock Market, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange or the Chicago Board of Trade; (ii) trading of any securities issued or guaranteed by the Company shall have been suspended on any exchange or in any over-the-counter market; (iii) a general moratorium on commercial banking activities shall have been declared by federal or New York State authorities; or (iv) there shall have occurred any outbreak or escalation of hostilities or any change




in financial markets or any calamity or crisis, either within or outside the United States, that, in the judgment of the Representatives, is material and adverse and makes it impracticable or inadvisable to proceed with the offering, sale or delivery of the Shares on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, on the terms and in the manner contemplated by this Agreement, the Pricing Disclosure Package and the Prospectus.

12.    Defaulting Underwriter.

(a)    If, on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, any Underwriter defaults on its obligation to purchase the Shares that it has agreed to purchase hereunder on such date, the non-defaulting Underwriters may in their discretion arrange for the purchase of such Shares by other persons satisfactory to the Company on the terms contained in this Agreement. If, within 36 hours after any such default by any Underwriter, the non-defaulting Underwriters do not arrange for the purchase of such Shares, then the Company shall be entitled to a further period of 36 hours within which to procure other persons satisfactory to the non-defaulting Underwriters to purchase such Shares on such terms. If other persons become obligated or agree to purchase the Shares of a defaulting Underwriter, either the non‑defaulting Underwriters or the Company may postpone the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, for up to five full business days in order to effect any changes that in the opinion of counsel for the Company or counsel for the Underwriters may be necessary in the Registration Statement and the Prospectus or in any other document or arrangement, and the Company agrees to promptly prepare any amendment or supplement to the Registration Statement and the Prospectus that effects any such changes. As used in this Agreement, the term “Underwriter” includes, for all purposes of this Agreement unless the context otherwise requires, any person not listed in Schedule 1 hereto that, pursuant to this Section 12, purchases Shares that a defaulting Underwriter agreed but failed to purchase.

(b)    If, after giving effect to any arrangements for the purchase of the Shares of a defaulting Underwriter or Underwriters by the non-defaulting Underwriters and the Company as provided in paragraph (a) above, the aggregate number of Shares that remain unpurchased on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, does not exceed one-eleventh of the aggregate number of Shares to be purchased on such date, then the Company shall have the right to require each non-defaulting Underwriter to purchase the number of Shares that such Underwriter agreed to purchase hereunder on such date plus such Underwriter’s pro rata share (based on the number of Shares that such Underwriter agreed to purchase on such date) of the Shares of such defaulting Underwriter or Underwriters for which such arrangements have not been made.

(c)    If, after giving effect to any arrangements for the purchase of the Shares of a defaulting Underwriter or Underwriters by the non-defaulting Underwriters and the Company as provided in paragraph (a) above, the aggregate number of Shares that remain unpurchased on the Closing Date or the Additional Closing Date, as the case may be, exceeds one-eleventh of the aggregate amount of Shares to be purchased on such date, or if the Company shall not exercise the right described in paragraph (b) above, then this Agreement or, with respect to any Additional Closing Date, the obligation of the Underwriters to purchase Shares on the Additional Closing Date shall terminate without liability on the part of the non-defaulting Underwriters. Any termination of this Agreement pursuant to this Section 10 shall be without liability on the part of the Company, except that the Company will continue to be liable for the payment of expenses as set forth in Section 13 hereof and except that the provisions of Section 9 hereof shall not terminate and shall remain in effect.

(d)    Nothing contained herein shall relieve a defaulting Underwriter of any liability it may have to the Company or any non-defaulting Underwriter for damages caused by its default.

13.    Payment of Expenses.

(a)    Whether or not the transactions contemplated by this Agreement are consummated or this Agreement is terminated, the Company will pay or cause to be paid all costs and expenses incident to the performance of its obligations hereunder, including without limitation, (i) the costs incident to offering and sale of the Shares; (ii) the costs incident to the preparation, printing and filing under the Securities Act of the Registration Statement, the Preliminary Prospectus, any Issuer Free Writing Prospectus, any Pricing Disclosure Package and the




Prospectus (including all exhibits, amendments and supplements thereto) and the distribution thereof; (iii) the fees and expenses of the Company’s counsel and independent accountants; (iv) the fees and expenses incurred in connection with the registration or qualification of the Shares under the state or foreign securities or blue sky laws of such jurisdictions as the Representatives may designate and the preparation, printing and distribution of a Blue Sky Memorandum (including the related fees and expenses of counsel for the Underwriters); (v) the costs and charges of any transfer agent and any registrar; (vi) all expenses and application fees incurred in connection with any filing with, and clearance of the offering by, FINRA; (vii) all expenses incurred by the Company in connection with any “road show” presentation to potential investors; and (viii) all expenses and application fees related to the listing of the Shares on the NYSE. The Selling Stockholder shall pay the underwriting discounts and commissions attributable to the sale of the Shares to the Underwriters and stock transfer taxes imposed upon the sale and delivery of the Shares to be sold by the Selling Stockholder to the Underwriters hereunder. The Underwriters will pay all of their own costs and expenses, including the fees of their counsel.

(b)    If (i) this Agreement is terminated pursuant to Section 11, (ii) the Selling Stockholder for any reason fails to tender the Shares for delivery to the Underwriters other than as a result of a termination of this Agreement pursuant to Section 11 or (iii) the Underwriters decline to purchase the Shares for any reason permitted under this Agreement, the Company agrees to reimburse the Underwriters for all reasonable and documented out-of-pocket costs and expenses (including the reasonable and documented fees and expenses of their counsel) reasonably incurred by the Underwriters in connection with this Agreement and the offering contemplated hereby.

14.    Persons Entitled to Benefit of Agreement. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective successors and the officers and directors and any controlling persons referred to in Section 9 hereof. Nothing in this Agreement is intended or shall be construed to give any other person any legal or equitable right, remedy or claim under or in respect of this Agreement or any provision contained herein. No purchaser of Shares from any Underwriter shall be deemed to be a successor merely by reason of such purchase.

15.    Survival. The respective indemnities, rights of contribution, representations, warranties and agreements of the Company and the Underwriters contained in this Agreement or made by or on behalf of the Company or the Underwriters pursuant to this Agreement or any certificate delivered pursuant hereto shall survive the delivery of and payment for the Shares and shall remain in full force and effect, regardless of any termination of this Agreement or any investigation made by or on behalf of the Company or the Underwriters.

16.    Certain Defined Terms. For purposes of this Agreement, (a) except where otherwise expressly provided, the term “affiliate” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 under the Securities Act; (b) the term “business day” means any day other than a day on which banks are permitted or required to be closed in New York City; and (c) the term “subsidiary” has the meaning set forth in Rule 405 under the Securities Act.

17.    Miscellaneous.

(a)    Authority of the Representatives. Any action by the Underwriters hereunder may be taken by Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P. and Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. on behalf of the Underwriters, and any such action taken by Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P. and Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. shall be binding upon the Underwriters.

(b)    Notices. All notices and other communications hereunder shall be in writing and shall be deemed to have been duly given if mailed or transmitted and confirmed by any standard form of telecommunication. Notices to the Underwriters shall be given to the Representatives c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P., 1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor, New York, New York 10020 (fax: 212-466-7711) and c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc. 787 7th Avenue, New York, New York 10019 (fax: 212-582-1592). Notices to the Company shall be given to it at Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., 5151 Corporate Drive, Troy, Michigan 48098-2639, (fax: 248-312-6770); Attention: Chief Financial Officer; with a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to General Counsel at Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., 5151 Corporate Drive, Troy, Michigan 48098-2639, (fax: 248-250-5506);




Attention: General Counsel.

(c)    Governing Law. This Agreement and any claim, controversy or dispute arising under or related to this Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York applicable to agreements made and to be performed in such state.

(d)    Submission to Jurisdiction. Each of the Company and the Selling Stockholder hereby submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S. federal and New York state courts in the Borough of Manhattan in The City of New York in any suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement or the transactions contemplated hereby. Each of the Company and the Selling Stockholder waives any objection which it may now or hereafter have to the laying of venue of any such suit or proceeding in such courts. Each of the Company and the Selling Stockholder agrees that final judgment in any such suit, action or proceeding brought in such court shall be conclusive and binding upon the Company and Selling Stockholder, as applicable, and may be enforced in any court to the jurisdiction of which Company and Selling Stockholder, as applicable, is subject by a suit upon such judgment.

(e)    Waiver of Jury Trial. Each of the parties hereto hereby waives any right to trial by jury in any suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement.

(f)    Counterparts. This Agreement may be signed in counterparts (which may include counterparts delivered by any standard form of telecommunication), each of which shall be an original and all of which together shall constitute one and the same instrument.

(g)    Amendments or Waivers. No amendment or waiver of any provision of this Agreement, nor any consent or approval to any departure therefrom, shall in any event be effective unless the same shall be in writing and signed by the parties hereto.

(h)    Headings. The headings herein are included for convenience of reference only and are not intended to be part of, or to affect the meaning or interpretation of, this Agreement.





If the foregoing is in accordance with your understanding, please indicate your acceptance of this Agreement by signing in the space provided below.
Very truly yours,
FLAGSTAR BANCORP, INC.
                            
By:    /s/ James K. Ciroli     
Name: James K. Ciroli
Title: Executive Vice President and Chief     Financial Officer


MP THRIFT INVESTMENTS L.P., as Selling
Stockholder
By: MP (Thrift) Global Partners III LLC, its General Partner

By:    /s/ David J. Matlin     
Name: David J. Matlin
Title: Chief Executive Officer










Accepted: June 11, 2018
SANDLER O’NEILL & PARTNERS, L.P.
By: Sandler O’Neill & Partners Corp., the sole general partner

For itself and on behalf of the
several Underwriters listed
in Schedule 1 hereto.
By:     /s/Bob Kleinert         
Authorized Signatory






KEEFE, BRUYETTE & WOODS, INC.

For itself and on behalf of the
several Underwriters listed
in Schedule 1 hereto.

By:     /s/ Victor Sack
Authorized Signatory




Schedule 1

Underwriter
Underwritten Shares
Option Shares
Sandler O'Neill & Partners, L.P.
5,600,000
840,000
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
2,400,000
360,000
Total
8,000,000
1,200,000




Schedule 2

(a) Issuer Free Writing Prospectuses not included in the Pricing Disclosure Package:
Investor Presentation, dated June 11, 2018
(b) Additional Documents Incorporated by Reference:
None.
(c) Information other than the Preliminary Prospectus that comprise the Pricing Disclosure Package:
The initial offering price per share for the Shares is $34.50
The number of Shares purchased by the Underwriters is 8,000,000




Annex A
Form of Opinion of Sullivan & Cromwell LLP

June 14, 2018




Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
As representatives of the several Underwriters.

c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.,
1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor,
New York, New York 10020.

c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.,
787 7th Avenue,
New York, New York 10019.


Ladies and Gentlemen:

In connection with the several purchases today by you and the other Underwriters named in Schedule 1 to the Underwriting Agreement, dated June 11, 2018 (the Underwriting Agreement), by and among Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the Company), MP Thrift Investments L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the Selling Stockholder), and you, as Representatives (Representatives) of the several underwriters named therein (the Underwriters), of 8,000,000 shares (the Securities) of the Company’s Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the Common Stock), we, as New York counsel for the Company and counsel for the Selling Stockholder, have examined such corporate and limited partnership records, certificates and other documents, and such questions of law, as we have considered necessary or appropriate for the purposes of this opinion. Upon the basis of such examination, it is our opinion that:

(1)    The Selling Stockholder is an existing limited partnership in good standing under the laws of the State of Delaware.
 
(2)    Assuming due authorization, execution and delivery of the Underwriting Agreement by the Company under the laws of the State of Michigan, the Underwriting Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Company.

(3)    The Underwriting Agreement has been duly authorized, executed and delivered by the Selling Stockholder.

(4)    All regulatory consents, authorizations, approvals and filings required to be obtained or made by the Company or the Selling Stockholder under the Covered Laws for the sale and delivery of the Securities by the Selling Stockholder to the Underwriters and for the execution and delivery by the Company and the Selling Stockholder of, and the performance by the Company and the Selling Stockholder of their respective obligations under, the Underwriting Agreement have been obtained or made.




(5)    The execution and delivery by the Company and the Selling Stockholder of, and the performance by the Company and the Selling Stockholder of their respective obligations under, the Underwriting Agreement will not violate any Covered Laws.

(6)    The execution and delivery by the Company of the Underwriting Agreement does not, and the performance by the Company of its obligations under the Underwriting Agreement will not, result in a default under or breach or violation of the agreements listed on Annex A hereto; provided, however, that we are expressing no opinion as to the compliance with any financial or accounting test, or any limitation or restriction expressed as a dollar amount, ratio or percentage in such agreements.

(7)    The execution and delivery by the Selling Stockholder of the Underwriting Agreement does not, and the performance by the Selling Stockholder of its obligations under the Underwriting Agreement will not, violate the Certificate of Limited Partnership or the Amended and Restated Limited Partnership Agreement of the Selling Stockholder, in each case as in effect on the date hereof.

(8)    The Company is not an investment company as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940.

(9)    Upon the payment of the purchase price by the Underwriters for the Securities and the crediting of the Securities to the account of Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P., on behalf of the Underwriters, with The Depository Trust Company (DTC), all as specified in the Underwriting Agreement, the Underwriters will acquire a security entitlement with respect to the Securities and, if none of the Underwriters has notice of an adverse claim to the Securities, no action based on the adverse claim may be asserted against the Underwriters with respect to the security entitlement.

In connection with our opinion set forth in paragraph (1) above, we have relied solely on a good standing certificate for the Selling Stockholder issued by the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware and we have assumed that the Selling Stockholder has been duly formed.

We are expressing no opinion in paragraphs (4) and (5) above, insofar as performance by the Company or the Selling Stockholder of its obligations under the Underwriting Agreement is concerned, as to bankruptcy, insolvency, fraudulent transfer, reorganization, moratorium and similar laws of general applicability relating to or affecting creditors’ rights. Also, for purposes of the opinions in paragraphs (4) and (5) above, Covered Laws means the Federal laws of the United States, the statutory laws of the State of New York and the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act (including, in each case, the published rules and regulations thereunder) that in our experience normally are applicable to limited partnerships and the sale and delivery of the Securities; provided, however, that such term does not include Federal or state securities laws, antifraud laws or fraudulent transfer laws, tax laws, the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, antitrust laws or any law that is applicable to the Company, the Selling Stockholder, the Underwriting Agreement, the Securities or the sale or delivery thereof solely as part of a regulatory regime applicable to the Company, the Selling Stockholder or their affiliates due to their or their affiliates’ status, business or assets.

The foregoing opinion is limited to the Federal laws of the United States, the laws of the State of New York and the Delaware Revised Uniform Limited Partnership Act, and we are expressing no opinion as to the effect of the laws of any other jurisdiction. With respect to all matters of the laws of the State of Michigan, we note that you have received an opinion, dated June 14, 2018 of Warner Norcross & Judd LLP pursuant to Section 8(h) of the Underwriting Agreement.

The opinion expressed in paragraph (9) is limited to the effect of Article 8 of the Uniform Commercial Code of the State of New York (the UCC). All terms that are used in the opinion expressed in




paragraph (9) (and related assumptions) and are defined in the UCC, but not defined in the Underwriting Agreement, have the meanings set forth in Article 8 of the UCC or the definitions appearing elsewhere in the UCC and used in Article 8. For purposes of the opinions expressed in paragraph (7), we have assumed that the Securities have been credited to the account of Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P., on behalf of the Underwriters.

We have also relied as to certain matters upon information obtained from public officials, officers of the Company and the Selling Stockholder and other sources believed by us to be responsible, and we have assumed that the Securities have been duly recorded by a transfer agent and duly registered by a Registrar thereof in the direct registration system of the Company and that the signatures on all documents examined by us are genuine, assumptions which we have not independently verified.

This letter is furnished by us, as New York counsel to the Company and counsel to the Selling Stockholder, to you, as Representatives of the Underwriters, solely for the benefit of the Underwriters in their capacity as such, and may not be relied upon by any other person. This letter may not be quoted, referred to or furnished to any purchaser or prospective purchaser of the Securities and may not be used in furtherance of any offer or sale of the Securities.



Very truly yours,
















ANNEX A
1.
Exhibit No. 10.2 to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (the 2017 10-K): Investment Agreement, dated as of December 17, 2008, between the Company and MP Thrift Investments L.P.
2.
Exhibit 10.3 to the 2017 10-K: Closing Agreement, dated as of January 30, 2009, between the Company and MP Thrift Investments L.P.
3.
Exhibit 10.5 to the 2017 10-K: Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 17, 2009, between the Company and MP Thrift Investments L.P.
4.
Exhibit 10.6 to the 2017 10-K: Second Purchase Agreement, dated as of February 27, 2009, between the Company and MP Thrift Investments L.P.
5.
Exhibit 10.7 to the 2017 10-K: Capital Securities Purchase Agreement, dated as of June 30, 2009, by and between the Company, Flagstar Statutory Trust XI, a Delaware statutory trust and MP Thrift Investments L.P.



















June 14, 2018


Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
As representatives of the several Underwriters.

c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.,
1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor,
New York, New York 10020.

c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.,
787 7th Avenue,
New York, New York 10019.


Ladies and Gentlemen:

This is with reference to the registration under the Securities Act of 1933 (the Securities Act), and offering of 8,000,000 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (the Securities), of Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the Company).

The Registration Statement relating to the Securities (File No. 333- 225397) was filed on Form S-3 in accordance with procedures of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Commission) permitting a delayed or continuous offering of securities pursuant thereto and, if appropriate, a post-effective amendment, document incorporated by reference therein or prospectus supplement that provides information relating to the terms of the securities and the manner of their distribution. The Securities have been offered by the Prospectus, dated June 1, 2018 (the Basic Prospectus), as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, dated June 12, 2018 (the Prospectus Supplement), which updates or supplements certain information contained in the Basic Prospectus. The Basic Prospectus, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, does not necessarily contain a current description of the Company’s business and affairs since, pursuant to Form S-3, it incorporates by reference certain documents filed with the Commission that contain information as of various dates.

As counsel to the Company and MP Thrift Investments L.P. (the Selling Stockholder), we reviewed the Registration Statement, the Basic Prospectus and the Prospectus Supplement and the document listed in Schedule A (such listed documents and information, taken together with the Basic Prospectus, being referred to herein as the Pricing Disclosure Package), and participated in discussions with your representatives and those of the Company, the Selling Stockholder and the Company’s accountants. Between the date of the Prospectus Supplement and the time of delivery of this letter, we participated in further discussions with your representatives and those of the Company, the Selling Stockholder and the Company’s accountants concerning certain matters relating to the Company and reviewed certificates of certain officers of the Company and the Selling Stockholder and letters addressed to you from the Company’s accountants. On the basis of the information that we gained in the course of the performance of the services referred to above, considered in the light of our understanding of the applicable law (including the requirements of Form S-3 and the character of prospectus contemplated thereby) and the experience we have gained through our practice under the Securities Act, we confirm to you that, in our opinion, the Registration Statement, as of the date of the Prospectus Supplement, and the Basic Prospectus, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, as of the date of the Prospectus Supplement, appeared on their face to be appropriately responsive in all material respects relevant to the offering of the Securities to the requirements of the Securities Act and the applicable rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder. Also, we confirm to you that the statements contained in the Prospectus Supplement under the




caption Material U.S. Federal Tax Considerations for Non-U.S. Holders of our Common Stock, insofar as they purport to constitute a summary of matters of U.S. federal income tax law and regulations or legal conclusions with respect thereto, constitute a fair and accurate summary of such provisions in all material respects.

Further, nothing that came to our attention in the course of such review has caused us to believe that, insofar as relevant to the offering of the Securities

(a)    the Registration Statement, as of the date of the Prospectus Supplement, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, or

(b)    the Pricing Disclosure Package, as of 6:00 P.M. on June 11, 2018 (which you have informed us is prior to the time of the first sale of the Securities by you), contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading, or

(c)    the Basic Prospectus, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, as of the date of the Prospectus Supplement, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.
 
We also advise you that nothing that came to our attention in the course of the procedures described in the second sentence of the preceding paragraph has caused us to believe that the Basic Prospectus, as supplemented by the Prospectus Supplement, as of the time of delivery of this letter, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state any material fact necessary in order to make the statements therein, in the light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.

The limitations inherent in the independent verification of factual matters and the character of determinations involved in the registration process are such, however, that we do not assume any responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the statements contained in the Registration Statement, the Basic Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or the Pricing Disclosure Package, except to the extent specifically noted in the final sentence of the second preceding paragraph. Also, we do not express any opinion or belief as to the financial statements or other financial data derived from accounting records contained in the Registration Statement, the Basic Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or the Pricing Disclosure Package, or as to management’s report of its assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting, or the registered public accounting firm’s attestation report thereon, each as included in the Registration Statement, the Basic Prospectus, the Prospectus Supplement or the Pricing Disclosure Package.

This letter is furnished by us, as counsel to the Company and the Selling Stockholder, to you, as Representatives of the several Underwriters, solely for the benefit of the Underwriters in their capacity as such, and may not be relied upon by any other person. This letter may not be quoted, referred to or furnished to any purchaser or prospective purchaser of the Securities and may not be used in furtherance of any offer or sale of the Securities.


Very truly yours,









Schedule A
1.
Preliminary Prospectus Supplement, dated June 11, 2018, filed with the Commission by the Company pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5) under the Securities Act.























Warner Norcross + Judd LLP
Attorneys at Law
900 Fifth Third Center
111 Lyon Street, N.W.
Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503-2487


June [*], 2018


Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
As Representatives of the several
Underwriters listed in Schedule 1
to the Underwriting Agreement

c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor
New York, New York 10020
c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
787 7th Avenue
New York, New York 10019



Re:    Flagstar Bancorp, Inc.
Michigan Counsel Opinion

Ladies and Gentlemen:

We are counsel to Flagstar Bancorp, Inc. (the "Company") for matters involving the laws of the State of Michigan in connection with an offering by the Selling Stockholder (as defined in the Underwriting Agreement) of an aggregate of 8,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company and, at the option of the Underwriters, up to an additional 1,200,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company (collectively, the "Shares") pursuant to the terms of an Underwriting Agreement dated June 11, 2018 (the "Underwriting Agreement") among the Company, the Selling Stockholder, and Sandler O'Neill & Partners, L.P. and Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc., acting as Representatives of the Underwriters defined in Schedule 1 thereto. The Shares are being offered and sold under an effective automatic shelf registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 1, 2018 (File No. 333-225397) (such Registration Statement, as amended and supplemented, the "Registration Statement"), including a base prospectus dated June 1, 2018 (the "Base Prospectus"), and a Prospectus Supplement dated June [*], 2018 (collectively with the Base Prospectus, the "Prospectus").

In connection with the opinions expressed below, we have examined copies of the following documents (the "Transaction Documents"):

A signed copy of the Underwriting Agreement;

Registration Statement; and

The Prospectus.





We have also examined and relied upon originals or copies of the following ("Authority Documents"):

Preliminary Prospectus Supplement, dated June 11, 2018, filed with the Commission by the Company pursuant to Rule 424(b)(5) under the Securities Act.

A Secretary's Certificate dated June [*], 2018, executed by the Secretary of the Company (the "Secretary's Certificate");

The Second Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company ("Articles"), as certified as true, correct and complete and in full force and effect in the Secretary's Certificate;

The Sixth Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company ("Bylaws") as certified as true, correct and complete and in full force and effect in the Secretary's Certificate; and
 
Consent Resolutions of the Board of Directors of the Company dated June 6, 2018, and Resolutions of the Board of Directors of the Company dated May 22, 2018 and December 16, 2008, each as certified by the Secretary’s Certificate.

We have assumed (1) the genuineness of all signatures and of all documents submitted to us as originals, (2) that each copy of any document submitted to us conforms to the genuine original, and (3) the legal capacity of each natural person. In examining each Transaction Document that has been executed by a person other than the Company, we also have assumed that each such other person had the power to enter into and perform all of its obligations thereunder, and also have assumed the due authorization, execution and delivery of such document by each such other person.

Based upon the foregoing, and subject to the limitations, qualifications, and assumptions in this letter, we are of the opinion that:

1.
The Company is a corporation duly incorporated, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the State of Michigan.

2.
The execution and delivery of the Underwriting Agreement has been authorized by all necessary corporate action of the Company. The Underwriting Agreement has been duly executed and delivered by the Company.

3.
The Shares have been duly authorized and are validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.
 
4.
No consent, authorization, approval, order of, or filing with, any governmental agency or body or any court is required by the laws of the State of Michigan for the execution, delivery or performance of any Transaction Document by the Company.

5.
The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of its obligations under the Underwriting Agreement will not violate any provision of the Company's Articles of Incorporation or Bylaws.

6.
Based solely on the Articles, Bylaws, the Michigan Business Corporation Act, and the Secretary's Certificate, the Shares are not subject to the preemptive rights of any security holder of the Company.






The opinions set forth above are subject to the following limitations, qualifications, and assumptions:

A.    We do not express any opinion as to any laws, statutes, rules, or regulations other than the laws, statutes, rules, and regulations of the State of Michigan (excluding municipal or other local ordinances, codes and regulations) (the "Applicable Laws"). We note that certain Transaction Documents provide that they are governed by the laws of the State of New York. We do not express any opinion regarding the laws of the State of New York or their effect on the matters addressed by this opinion. In addition, our opinions are limited to Michigan laws, rules, and regulations that in our experience would generally be recognized as applying both to (1) corporations doing business in Michigan and (2) transactions of the types provided for in the Transaction Documents.

B.    We have assumed that (1) the factual statements contained in the Secretary’s Certificate, (2) the factual representations contained in each Transaction Document, and (3) the Good Standing Certificate, in each case, are true, correct, and complete as of the date of this opinion letter.

C.    We have assumed that all terms and conditions of, or relating to, the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents are correctly and completely embodied in the Transaction Documents.

D.    As used in this opinion with respect to the Shares, the term "fully paid" means that no further consideration is or will become due or owing in connection with issuance of the Shares.

Our opinions are matters of professional judgment and are not a guaranty of results. The opinions expressed above are as of the date of this opinion only, and we assume no obligation to update or supplement those opinions to reflect any fact or circumstance that in the future comes to our attention or any change in law that in the future occurs or becomes effective. This opinion letter is limited to the matters set forth in it, and no opinions are intended to be implied or may be inferred beyond those expressly stated above.

The opinions expressed in this letter are given solely with respect to the transactions referred to in this letter and are given solely for the benefit of, and may be relied on only by the Underwriters in connection with the transactions referred to in this letter. This letter may not be circulated, quoted, or otherwise referred to for any other purpose without our prior written consent.

WARNER NORCROSS + JUDD LLP
                            

By _______________________________    
Charlie Goode, a Partner










Exhibit A
FORM OF LOCK-UP AGREEMENT
                      , 2018
Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
As Representatives of
the several Underwriters listed in
Schedule 1 to the Underwriting
Agreement referred to below
c/o Sandler O’Neill & Partners, L.P.
1251 Avenue of the Americas, 6th Floor
New York, New York 10020
c/o Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc.
787 7th Avenue
New York, New York 10019

Re:    FLAGSTAR BANCORP, INC. --- Public Offering
Ladies and Gentlemen:
The undersigned understands that you, as Representatives of the several Underwriters, propose to enter into an Underwriting Agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the “Company”), providing for the public offering (the “Public Offering”) by [us/the several Underwriters named in Schedule 1 to the Underwriting Agreement] (the “Underwriters”), of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (together, the “Securities”). Capitalized terms used herein and not otherwise defined shall have the meanings set forth in the Underwriting Agreement.
In consideration of the Underwriters’ agreement to purchase and make the Public Offering of the Securities, and for other good and valuable consideration receipt of which is hereby acknowledged, the undersigned hereby agrees that, without the prior written consent of Sandler O’¯Neill & Partners, L.P. on behalf of the Underwriters, the undersigned will not, during the period ending 90 days after the date of the prospectus relating to the Public Offering (the “Prospectus”) (1) offer, pledge, sell, contract to sell, sell any option or contract to purchase, purchase any option or contract to sell, grant any option, right or warrant to purchase, or otherwise transfer or dispose of, directly or indirectly, any Common Stock, or any securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock (including without limitation, Common Stock or such other securities which may be deemed to be beneficially owned by the undersigned in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and securities which may be issued upon exercise of a stock option or warrant), or publicly disclose the intention to make any offer, sale, pledge or disposition, (2) enter into any swap or other agreement that transfers, in whole or in part, any of the economic consequences of ownership of the Common Stock or such other securities, whether any such transaction described in clause (1) or (2) above is to be settled by delivery of Common Stock or such other securities, in cash or otherwise or (3) make any demand for or exercise





any right with respect to the registration of any shares of Common Stock or any security convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock, in each case other than (A)  transfers of shares of Common Stock as a bona fide gift or gifts; (B) distributions of shares of Common Stock to members or stockholders of the undersigned; (C) transfers of shares of Common Stock to any trust or family limited partnership for the direct or indirect benefit of the undersigned or the immediate family of the undersigned, provided that any such transfer shall not involve a disposition for value; (D) the sale of Common Stock pursuant to the “cashless” exercise of stock options granted pursuant to existing stock incentive compensation plans of the Company described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC (the “Annual Report”) (the term “cashless” exercise being intended to include sale of a portion of the option shares to the Company or in the open market to cover payment of the exercise price) and the sale of Common Stock by the Company pursuant to tax withholding amounts due upon the exercise of stock options or the vesting of restricted stock grants pursuant to existing stock incentive compensation plans of the Company described in the Annual Report; (E) (i) pledges of Common Stock in existence prior to the date hereof in a bona fide transaction to secure loans with financial institutions as set forth on Schedule 1 hereto or (ii) sales or transfers by any pledgee of such Common Stock in accordance with the terms thereof and (F) transfers of shares of Common Stock under any trading plan pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), in existence on the date hereof or the establishment of any such new trading plan, provided that such new plan does not provide for the transfer of Common Stock during the restricted period and to the extent a public announcement or filing under the Exchange Act, if any, is required of or voluntarily made by the undersigned regarding the establishment of such new plan, such announcement or filing shall include a statement to the effect that no transfer of Common Stock may be made under such plan during the restricted period; provided that (a) in the case of any transfer or distribution pursuant to clause (A), (B) or (C), each donee, distributee or transferee shall execute and deliver to Sandler O’¯Neill & Partners, L.P. a lock-up letter in the form of this paragraph; (b) in the case of clause (D), there shall be no transfer of the underlying Common Stock acquired in connection with such exercise of stock options or restricted stock grants except in accordance with this lock-up agreement; and (c) no filing by any party (donor, donee, transferor or transferee) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or other public announcement (other than a filing on a Form 5 made after the expiration of the 90-day period referred to above) shall be made voluntarily in connection with any transfer or distribution under any of such clauses, or shall be required in connection with any transfer or distribution under clauses (A), (B) or (C).
In furtherance of the foregoing, the Company and any duly appointed transfer agent for the registration or transfer of the securities described herein are hereby authorized to decline to make any transfer of Common Stock or securities convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for Common Stock if such transfer would constitute a violation or breach of this Letter Agreement.
The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that the undersigned has full power and authority to enter into this Letter Agreement. All authority herein conferred or agreed to be conferred and any obligations of the undersigned shall be binding upon the successors, assigns, heirs or personal representatives of the undersigned.
The undersigned understands that, if the Underwriting Agreement does not become effective, or if the Underwriting Agreement (other than the provisions thereof which survive termination) shall terminate or be terminated prior to payment for and delivery of the Securities to be sold thereunder, the undersigned shall be released from, all obligations under this Letter Agreement. The undersigned understands that the Underwriters are entering into the Underwriting Agreement and proceeding with the Public Offering in reliance upon this Letter Agreement.








This Letter Agreement and any claim, controversy or dispute arising under or related to this Letter Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without regard to the conflict of laws principles thereof.
Very truly yours,
[NAME OF STOCKHOLDER]
                            

By:    ____________________________________________    
Name:
Title:




















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Section 3: EX-5.1 (EXHIBIT 5.1)

Exhibit


EXHIBIT 5.1

Warner Norcross + Judd LLP
Attorneys at Law
900 Fifth Third Center
111 Lyon Street, N.W.
Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503-2487


June 14, 2018



Flagstar Bancorp, Inc.
5151 Corporate Drive
Troy, Michigan 48098


Re:    Offering of Common Stock pursuant to Registration Statement on
Form S-3 (File No. 333-225397)
Ladies and Gentlemen:

We are acting as counsel to Flagstar Bancorp, Inc., a Michigan corporation (the "Company"), in connection with an offering by MP Thrift Investments L.P. and certain of its affiliates (collectively, the "Selling Stockholder") of certain shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company under an automatic shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (the "Registration Statement") originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 1, 2018 (File No. 333-225397) pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Act") and the rules and regulations thereunder (the "Rules"). We are furnishing this opinion at your request to enable you to fulfill the requirements of Item 601(b)(5) of Regulation S-K, 12 CFR 229.601(b)(5), in connection with the offering and sale of securities under the Registration Statement.
  
The offered shares (collectively, the "Shares") are offered pursuant to an Underwriting Agreement dated June 11, 2018 among the Company, the Selling Stockholder and Sandler O'Neill & Partners L.P. and Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, Inc., acting as Representatives of the Underwriters defined therein (the "Underwriting Agreement"), and consist of an aggregate of 8,000,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company and, at the option of the Underwriters, up to an additional 1,200,000 shares of common stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company.
In connection with the furnishing of this opinion, we have examined originals, or copies certified or otherwise identified to our satisfaction, of the following documents: (i) the Registration Statement, (ii) the Base Prospectus included in the Registration Statement, (iii) a Prospectus Supplement dated June 11, 2018 and filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 13, 2018, (iv) an executed copy of the Underwriting Agreement, (v) the Second Amended Articles of Incorporation of the Company, as in effect on the date of this letter, (vi) the Sixth Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company, as in effect on the date of this letter, (vii) certain resolutions of the Board of Directors of the Company, (viii) a Certificate executed by the Secretary of the Company, and (ix) such other documents, corporate records, and instruments as we have deemed necessary or appropriate in connection with providing this letter.





In our examination of the documents referred to above, we have assumed, without independent investigation, the genuineness of all signatures, the legal capacity of all natural persons, the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to the originals of all documents submitted to us as copies and that the statements regarding matters of fact in the certificates, records, agreements, instruments and documents that we have examined are accurate and complete.
In making our examination of executed documents or documents to be executed, we have assumed that the parties thereto, other than the Company, had or will have the power, corporate or other, to enter into and perform all obligations thereunder and have also assumed the due authorization by all requisite action, corporate or other, and execution and delivery by such parties, of such documents and that (except to the extent we have opined on such matters below) such documents constitute or will constitute valid and binding obligations of such parties.
Based on the foregoing and subject to the assumptions, limitations and qualifications set forth in this letter, we are of the opinion that the Shares are validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.
We express no opinion concerning the contents of the Registration Statement (including the Prospectus and the Prospectus Supplement), other than as to the validity of the Shares. We express no opinion as to the applicability of, compliance with or effect of, the law of any jurisdiction other than the internal laws of the State of Michigan, and this opinion is limited to such laws as in effect on the date of this opinion, which laws are subject to change.
The opinions expressed above are as of the date of this letter, and we do not assume an obligation to update or supplement those opinions to reflect a fact or circumstance that in the future comes to our attention or a change in law that in the future occurs or becomes effective. This letter is limited to the matters set forth in it, and no opinions are implied or may be inferred beyond those expressly stated above.
We consent to filing of this opinion with the Securities and Exchange Commission as an exhibit to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on the date hereof, and its incorporation by reference into the Registration Statement. We consent to the reference to our firm under the caption "Legal Matters" in the Prospectus and under the caption “Validity of Common Stock” in the Prospectus Supplement. In giving this consent, we do not admit that we are included in the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the rules and regulations issued under it.

Very truly yours,
WARNER NORCROSS + JUDD LLP
                            

By /s/ Charlie Goode     
Charlie Goode, a Partner









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