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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to _______                    
Commission file number: 001-35449
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
393441252_nationstarlogoa04.jpg
Nationstar Mortgage Holdings Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
45-2156869
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
8950 Cypress Waters Blvd, Coppell, TX
 
75019
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (469) 549-2000
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12(b)-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
¨
Accelerated Filer
x
Non-Accelerated Filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
Number of shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of May 1, 2018 was 98,211,255.





NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 (unaudited) and December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 


2


PART I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements
NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(millions of dollars)
 
March 31,
2018
 
December 31,
2017
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
187

 
$
215

Restricted cash
365

 
360

Mortgage servicing rights, $3,194 and $2,937 at fair value, respectively
3,194

 
2,941

Advances and other receivables, net of reserves of $277 and $284, respectively
1,424

 
1,706

Reverse mortgage interests, net of reserves of $134 and $115, respectively
10,225

 
9,984

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value
1,589

 
1,891

Mortgage loans held for investment, net
136

 
139

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $181 and $169, respectively
123

 
121

Derivative financial instruments at fair value
65

 
65

Other assets
556

 
614

Total assets
$
17,864

 
$
18,036

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
Unsecured senior notes, net
$
1,859

 
$
1,874

Advance facilities, net
562

 
855

Warehouse facilities, net
3,161

 
3,285

Payables and accrued liabilities
1,235

 
1,234

MSR related liabilities - nonrecourse at fair value
1,035

 
1,006

Mortgage servicing liabilities
30

 
41

Derivative financial instruments at fair value
9

 
5

Other nonrecourse debt, net
8,091

 
8,014

Total liabilities
15,982

 
16,314

Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)


 


Preferred stock at $0.01 par value - 300,000 thousand shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock at $0.01 par value - 1,000,000 thousand shares authorized, 109,915 thousand and 109,915 thousand shares issued, respectively
1

 
1

Additional paid-in-capital
1,131

 
1,131

Retained earnings
891

 
731

Treasury shares at cost, 11,722 thousand and 12,187 thousand shares, respectively
(148
)
 
(148
)
Total Nationstar stockholders' equity
1,875

 
1,715

Non-controlling interests
7

 
7

Total stockholders' equity
1,882

 
1,722

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
17,864

 
$
18,036


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

3


NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(millions of dollars, except for earnings per share data)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 
 
 
Service related, net
$
464

 
$
283

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale
124

 
144

Total revenues
588

 
427

Expenses:
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and benefits
180

 
192

General and administrative
184

 
177

Total expenses
364

 
369

Other income (expenses):
 
 
 
Interest income
145

 
139

Interest expense
(171
)
 
(193
)
Other income (expenses)
8

 
(1
)
Total other income (expenses), net
(18
)
 
(55
)
Income before income tax expense
206

 
3

Less: Income tax expense
46

 
1

Net income
160

 
2

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

 

Net income attributable to Nationstar
$
160

 
$
2

 
 
 
 
Net income per common share attributable to Nationstar:
 
 
 
Basic
$
1.63

 
$
0.02

Diluted
$
1.61

 
$
0.02

 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding (in thousands):
 
 
 
Basic
97,873

 
97,591

Dilutive effect of stock awards
1,238

 
1,212

Diluted
99,111

 
98,803

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

4



NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 
Number of Shares Outstanding (in thousands)
 
Amount
(millions of dollars)
 
Common Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Share Amount
 
Total Nationstar Stockholders'
Equity
 
Non-controlling Interests
 
Total
Equity
Balance at January 1, 2017
97,497

 
$
1

 
$
1,122

 
$
701

 
$
(147
)
 
$
1,677

 
$
6

 
$
1,683

Shares issued / (surrendered) under incentive compensation plan
270

 

 

 

 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
5

 

 

 
5

 

 
5

Net income

 

 

 
2

 

 
2

 

 
2

Balance at March 31, 2017
97,767

 
$
1

 
$
1,127

 
$
703

 
$
(150
)
 
$
1,681

 
$
6

 
$
1,687

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2018
97,728

 
$
1

 
$
1,131

 
$
731

 
$
(148
)
 
$
1,715

 
$
7

 
$
1,722

Shares issued / (surrendered) under incentive compensation plan
465

 

 
(4
)
 

 

 
(4
)
 

 
(4
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
4

 

 

 
4

 

 
4

Net income

 

 

 
160

 

 
160

 

 
160

Balance at March 31, 2018
98,193

 
$
1

 
$
1,131

 
$
891

 
$
(148
)
 
$
1,875

 
$
7

 
$
1,882


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

5


NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(millions of dollars)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income attributable to Nationstar
$
160

 
$
2

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash attributable to operating activities:
 
 
 
Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale
(124
)
 
(144
)
Reverse mortgage loan interest income
(119
)
 
(118
)
Gain on sale of assets
(9
)
 

Provision for servicing reserves
38

 
23

Fair value changes and amortization/accretion of mortgage servicing rights/liabilities
(178
)
 
58

Fair value changes in excess spread financing
50

 
25

Fair value changes in mortgage servicing rights financing liability
24

 
1

Amortization of premiums, net of discount accretion
3

 
14

Depreciation and amortization
15

 
14

Share-based compensation
4

 
5

Other loss

 
1

Repurchases of forward loan assets out of Ginnie Mae securitizations
(251
)
 
(296
)
Mortgage loans originated and purchased, net of fees, and other purchase-related activities
(5,096
)
 
(4,637
)
Sales proceeds and loan payment proceeds for mortgage loans held for sale and held for investment
5,713

 
5,403

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Advances and other receivables
270

 
154

Reverse mortgage interests
382

 
360

Other assets
54

 
(17
)
Payables and accrued liabilities
1

 
(250
)
Net cash attributable to operating activities
937

 
598

 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Property and equipment additions, net of disposals
(16
)
 
(13
)
Purchase of forward mortgage servicing rights, net of liabilities incurred
(17
)
 
(4
)
Net payment related to acquisition of HECM related receivables
(1
)
 

Proceeds on sale of assets
13

 

Net cash attributable to investing activities
(21
)
 
(17
)
Continued on following page.
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

6



NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Continued)
(millions of dollars)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Decrease in warehouse facilities
(125
)
 
(9
)
Decrease in advance facilities
(293
)
 
(164
)
Proceeds from issuance of HECM securitizations
443

 

Repayment of HECM securitizations
(317
)
 
(75
)
Proceeds from issuance of participating interest financing in reverse mortgage interests
90

 
249

Repayment of participating interest financing in reverse mortgage interests
(664
)
 
(596
)
Repayment of excess spread financing
(45
)
 
(58
)
Repayment of nonrecourse debt – legacy assets
(3
)
 
(5
)
Repurchase of unsecured senior notes
(16
)
 
(48
)
Surrender of shares relating to stock vesting
(4
)
 
(3
)
Debt financing costs
(5
)
 
(2
)
Net cash attributable to financing activities
(939
)
 
(711
)
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
(23
)
 
(130
)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash - beginning of period
575

 
877

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash - end of period(1)
$
552

 
$
747

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Activities
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest expense
$
191

 
$
199

Net cash paid for income taxes
$
1

 
$
2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash to amount reported within the consolidated balance sheet.
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Cash and cash equivalents
$
187

 
$
443

Restricted cash
365

 
304

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
$
552

 
$
747

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

7



NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(millions of dollars, unless otherwise stated)

1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation

Nature of Business
Nationstar Mortgage Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation, including its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, "Nationstar", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our"), earns fees through the delivery of servicing, origination and transaction based services related primarily to single-family residences throughout the United States.

Proposed Merger With WMIH Corp.
On February 12, 2018, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") with WMIH Corp., a Delaware corporation ("WMIH"), and Wand Merger Corporation, a Delaware corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIH ("Merger Sub"). The Merger Agreement provides that, upon the terms and subject to the satisfaction or waiver of the conditions set forth therein, Merger Sub will merge with and into the Company (the "Merger"), with the Company continuing as the surviving corporation and a wholly-owned subsidiary of WMIH.

Pursuant to the terms of the Merger Agreement, at the effective time of the Merger (the "Effective Time") and as a result of the Merger, each share of the Company’s common stock issued and outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time (other than shares owned, directly or indirectly, by the Company, WMIH or Merger Sub or by any Company stockholder who properly exercises and perfects appraisal of his, her or its shares under Delaware law) will be converted into the right to receive, at the election of the holder of such share, (i) $18.00 per share in cash, without interest, or (ii) 12.7793 shares of validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable shares of WMIH common stock, par value $0.00001 per share ("WMIH Common Stock"), subject in each case to pro rata cutbacks to the extent cash or stock is oversubscribed (the "Merger Consideration"). The aggregate amount of cash to be issued as Merger Consideration in the Merger will be approximately $1.2 billion. The Company’s stockholders must make a cash or stock election at least three business days prior to the closing date, and election forms will be mailed at least twenty business days prior to the election deadline. In addition, WMIH has secured $2.75 billion of financing commitments in connection with the transaction.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, immediately prior to the Effective Time, subject to certain exceptions, (i) each then-outstanding share of Nationstar restricted stock will automatically vest in full and be converted into the right to receive the Merger Consideration, in the form of cash or WMIH Common Stock as elected by the holder thereof, and (ii) each then-outstanding Nationstar restricted stock unit, whether vested or unvested, will automatically vest in full, be assumed by WMIH and converted into a WMIH restricted stock unit entitling the holder thereof to receive upon settlement the Merger Consideration, as elected by the holder, as described above with respect to shares of Nationstar restricted stock, with such payment of cash or delivery of WMIH Common Stock as soon as practicable but no later than three business days after the Effective Time.

The consummation of the Merger is subject to various conditions, but the Company expects the transaction to close in the second half of 2018.

Basis of Presentation
The consolidated interim financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") for interim financial information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, the financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

The interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods have been included. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Dollar amounts are reported in millions, except per share data and other key metrics, unless otherwise noted.

The Company evaluated subsequent events through the date these interim consolidated financial statements were issued.


8


The Company describes its significant accounting policies in Note 2 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, no significant changes were made to those accounting policies.

Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and other entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest, and those variable interest entities ("VIE") where the Company's wholly-owned subsidiaries are the primary beneficiaries. Assets and liabilities of VIEs and their respective results of operations are consolidated from the date that the Company became the primary beneficiary through the date the Company ceases to be the primary beneficiary. The Company applies the equity method of accounting to investments where it is able to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the policies and procedures of the entity and owns less than 50% of the voting interests. Investments in certain companies over which the Company does not exert significant influence are accounted for as cost method investments. Intercompany balances and transactions on consolidated entities have been eliminated.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates due to factors such as adverse changes in the economy, increases in interest rates, secondary market pricing for loans held for sale and derivatives, strength of underwriting and servicing practices, changes in prepayment assumptions, declines in home prices or discrete events adversely affecting specific borrowers, and such differences could be material.

Reclassification
Certain reclassifications have been made in the 2017 consolidated financial statements to conform to the 2018 presentation. Such reclassifications did not affect total revenues or net income. Refer to the Recent Accounting Guidance Adopted footnote for additional information regarding retrospective reclassifications related to accounting guidance adopted in 2018.

Recent Accounting Guidance Adopted
Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, 2016-08, 2016-10, 2016-12 and 2016-20, collectively implemented as Financial Accounting Standard Board ("FASB") Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 606 ("ASC 606") Revenue from Contracts with Customers, provides guidance for revenue recognition. This ASC’s core principle requires a company to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard also clarifies the principal versus agent considerations, providing the evaluation must focus on whether the entity has control of the goods or services before they are transferred to the customer. The new standard permits the use of either the modified retrospective or full retrospective transition method. The Company's revenue is generated from loan servicing, loan originations, and services provided by Xome. Servicing revenue is comprised of servicing fees and other ancillary fees in connection with the Company's servicing activities as well as fees earned under subservicing arrangements. Origination revenue is comprised of fee income earned at origination of a loan, interest income earned for the period the loans are held, and gain on sale on loans upon disposition of the loan. Xome's revenue is comprised of income earned from real estate exchange, real estate services and real estate software as a service. The Company has performed a review of the new guidance as compared to its current accounting policies, and evaluated all services rendered to its customers as well as underlying contracts to determine the impact of this standard to its revenue recognition process. The majority of services rendered by the Company in connection with originations and servicing are not within the scope of ASC 606. However, all revenues from Xome fall within the scope of ASC 606. Xome's operations are comprised of Exchange, Services and Software as a Service ("SaaS").

Exchange is a national technology-enabled platform that manages and sells residential properties through its Xome.com platform. Revenue-generating activities include commission and buyer’s premium of winning bids on auctioned real estate owned ("REO") and short sale properties. Revenue is recognized when performance obligation is completed, which is at the closing of real estate transactions and transfer of ownership to the buyer.

Services connects the major touch points of the real estate transactions process by providing title, escrow and collateral valuation services for purchase, refinance and default transactions. Major revenue-generating activities include title and escrow services, and valuation services. Revenue is recognized when performance obligation is completed, which is when services are rendered to customers.


9


SaaS includes Company’s software as a service platform providing integrated technology, media and data solutions to mortgage servicers, originators and multiple listing service ("MLS") organizations and associations. Revenue-generating activities include software and platform system access and use, system implementation, software maintenance and support, data services and any additional customized enhancement. Revenue is recognized when performance obligation is completed, which is generally recognized on straight-line basis over the contractual terms. Additionally, any additional fees owed due to usage metrics in excess of the monthly minimum will be recognized each month under the usage-based royalties guidance of ASC 606.

Upon completion of its review of relevant contracts, the Company has made a determination that there is no material impact to revenue recognition upon adoption of the new standard. Additionally, the Company has identified and implemented changes to its accounting policies and practices, business processes, and controls to support the new revenue recognition standard. The Company adopted the standard on January 1, 2018 and there was no material impact.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (ASU 2016-15), relates to the Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) and is intended to provide specific guidance to reduce diversity in practice. ASU 2016-15 addresses the following eight cash flow classification issues: (1) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (2) settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (3) contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (4) proceeds from the settlement of life insurance claims, (5) proceeds from the settlement of corporate owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, (6) distributions received from equity method investees, (7) beneficial interests in securitization transactions and (8) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. ASU 2016-15 is effective for annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-15 in the first quarter of 2018 and determined that the implementation of this standard had no impact on the Company’s consolidated statement of cash flows.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Restricted Cash (ASU 2016-18), requires that a statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents. ASU 2016-18 is effective for annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-18 in the first quarter of 2018 and retrospectively applied the guidance to all periods presented. As a result, the Company includes restricted cash with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period total amounts shown on the consolidated statements of cash flows, and the Company no longer presents changes in restricted cash as a component of financing activities.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-1, Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities (ASU 2016-1), ASU 2016-1 addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Among other things, ASU 2016-1 requires equity investments (except those accounted for under the equity method of accounting or those that result in consolidation of the investee) to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. However, an entity may choose to measure equity investments that do not have readily determinable fair values at cost minus impairment, if any, plus or minus changes resulting from observable price changes in orderly transactions for the identical or a similar investment of the same issuer. Furthermore, equity investments without readily determinable fair values are to be assessed for impairment using a quantitative approach. ASU 2016-1 is effective for interim period beginning after December 15, 2017, and requires a modified retrospective approach to adoption. The Company adopted ASU 2016-1 in the first quarter of 2018 and determined that the implementation of this standard had no significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted
Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02), primarily impacts lessee accounting by requiring the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for long-term lease agreements. The lease liability will be equal to the present value of all reasonably certain lease payments. The right-of-use asset will be based on the liability, subject to adjustment for initial direct costs. Lease agreements with terms 12 months or less are permitted to be excluded from the balance sheet. In general, leases will be amortized on a straight-line basis with the exception of finance lease agreements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for the Company for its interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. From a balance sheet perspective, the Company expects adoption of ASU 2016-02 to have a material effect on its total assets and total liabilities as a result of recording the required right of use asset and associated lease liability. However, the Company has not completed its analysis and is unable to quantify the impact at this time. Currently, the Company does not expect adoption of ASU 2016-02 to have a material impact on its consolidated statements of operations as the majority of its leases will remain operating in nature. As such, the expense recognition will be similar to previously required straight-line expense treatment.

10


Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) (ASU 2016-13), requires expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date to be measured based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The update eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and instead reflects an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. Previously, when credit losses were measured under GAAP, an entity generally only considered past events and current conditions in measuring the incurred loss. ASU 2016-13 is effective for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment for all entities by requiring impairment charges to be based on the first step in today’s two-step impairment test under ASC Topic 350 Intangibles - Goodwill and Other. ASU 2017-04 is effective for the Company for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. ASU 2017-04 will be adopted prospectively. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2017-04 on its consolidated financial statements.


2. Mortgage Servicing Rights ("MSRs") and Related Liabilities

The following table sets forth the carrying value of Company's MSRs and the related liabilities.
MSRs and Related Liabilities
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Mortgage servicing rights - fair value and amortized cost(1)
$
3,194

 
$
2,941

 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing liabilities - amortized cost
$
30

 
$
41

 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing - fair value
$
1,001

 
$
996

Mortgage servicing rights financing - fair value
34

 
10

MSR related liabilities - nonrecourse at fair value
$
1,035

 
$
1,006


(1) Amount as of December 31, 2017 includes $4 of reverse MSRs at amortized cost. There were no reverse MSRs as of March 31, 2018.

Mortgage Servicing Rights
The Company owns and records at fair value the rights to service traditional residential mortgage ("forward") loans for others either as a result of purchase transactions or from the retained servicing associated with the sales and securitizations of loans originated. MSRs are comprised of servicing rights related to both agency and non-agency loans.

11



The following table sets forth the activities of forward MSRs.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
MSRs - Fair Value
2018
 
2017
Fair value - beginning of period
$
2,937

 
$
3,160

Additions:
 
 
 
Servicing retained from mortgage loans sold
68

 
59

Purchases of servicing rights
19

 
5

Dispositions:
 
 
 
Sales of servicing assets(1)

 

Changes in fair value:
 
 
 
Changes in valuation inputs or assumptions used in the valuation model
239

 
14

Other changes in fair value
(69
)
 
(70
)
Fair value - end of period
$
3,194

 
$
3,168


(1) Value of servicing assets sold during the three months ended March 31, 2018 is less than $1.

From time to time, the Company sells its ownership interest in certain MSRs and is retained as the subservicer for the sold assets. The Company has evaluated the sale accounting requirements related to these transactions, including the Company's continued involvement as the subservicer, and concluded that these transactions qualify for sale accounting treatment.

MSRs measured at fair value are segregated between credit sensitive and interest sensitive pools. Credit sensitive pools are primarily impacted by borrower performance under specified repayment terms, which most directly impacts involuntary prepayments and delinquency rates. Interest sensitive pools are primarily impacted by changes in forecasted interest rates, which in turn impact voluntary prepayment speeds. The Company assesses whether acquired portfolios are more credit sensitive or interest sensitive in nature on the date of acquisition. Numerous factors are considered in making this assessment, including loan-to-value ratios, FICO scores, percentage of portfolio previously modified, portfolio seasoning and similar criteria. The determination between credit sensitive and interest sensitive for a pool is made at the date of acquisition and no subsequent changes are made.

Credit sensitive portfolios generally consist of higher delinquency, single-family non-conforming residential forward mortgage loans serviced for agency and non-agency investors. Interest sensitive portfolios generally consist of lower delinquency, single-family conforming residential forward mortgage loans for agency investors.

The following table provides a breakdown of credit sensitive and interest sensitive unpaid principal balance ("UPB") for the Company's forward MSRs.
MSRs - Sensitivity Pools
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
Credit sensitive
$
161,318

 
$
1,714

 
$
167,605

 
$
1,572

Interest sensitive
115,525

 
1,480

 
113,775

 
1,365

Total
$
276,843

 
$
3,194

 
$
281,380

 
$
2,937


The Company used the following key weighted-average inputs and assumptions in estimating the fair value of MSRs.
Credit Sensitive
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Discount rate
11.4
%
 
11.4
%
Total prepayment speeds
12.2
%
 
15.2
%
Expected weighted-average life
6.4 years

 
5.7 years

 
 
 
 
Interest Sensitive
 
 
 
Discount rate
9.2
%
 
9.2
%
Total prepayment speeds
10.1
%
 
10.7
%
Expected weighted-average life
6.9 years

 
6.7 years


12



The following table shows the hypothetical effect on the fair value of the MSRs when applying certain unfavorable variations of key assumptions to these assets for the dates indicated.
 
Discount Rate
 
Total Prepayment Speeds
MSRs - Hypothetical Sensitivities
100 bps
Adverse
Change
 
200 bps
Adverse
Change
 
10%
Adverse
Change
 
20%
Adverse
Change
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing rights
$
(123
)
 
$
(237
)
 
$
(119
)
 
$
(230
)
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing rights
$
(108
)
 
$
(208
)
 
$
(118
)
 
$
(227
)

These hypothetical sensitivities should be evaluated with care. The effect on fair value of a 10% variation in assumptions generally cannot be determined because the relationship of the change in assumptions to the fair value may not be linear. Additionally, the impact of a variation in a particular assumption on the fair value is calculated while holding other assumptions constant. In reality, changes in one factor may lead to changes in other factors, which could impact the above hypothetical effects.

Mortgage Servicing Liabilities ("MSL") - Amortized Cost
The Company services and subservices certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage ("HECM") reverse mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $34,014 and $35,112 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Mortgage servicing liabilities had an ending balance of $30 and $41 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company accreted $8 of the MSL and recorded other MSL adjustments of $3. The fair value of MSL was $7 and $34 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. Based on management's assessment at March 31, 2018, no valuation allowance or impairment was to be recorded on balances.

Excess Spread Financing - Fair Value
In order to finance the acquisition of certain MSRs on various loan pools ("Portfolios"), the Company has entered into sale and assignment agreements with a third-party associated with funds and accounts under management of BlackRock Financial Management Inc. ("BlackRock"), and with certain affiliated entities formed and managed by New Residential Investment Corp. ("New Residential"), which is managed by an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group LLC ("Fortress"). The Company sold to such entities the right to receive a specified percentage of the excess cash flow generated from the Portfolios after receipt of a fixed base servicing fee per loan. Servicing fees associated with traditional MSRs can be segregated into a contractually specified base servicing fee component and an excess servicing fee. The base servicing fee, along with ancillary income, is designed to cover costs incurred to service the specified pool plus a reasonable profit margin. The remaining servicing fee is considered excess. The Company retains all the base servicing fee and ancillary revenues associated with servicing the Portfolios and retains a portion of the excess servicing fee. The Company continues to be the servicer of the Portfolios and provides all servicing and advancing functions.

Contemporaneous with the above, the Company entered into refinanced loan obligations with New Residential and BlackRock. Should the Company refinance any loan in the Portfolios, subject to certain limitations, it will be required to transfer the new loan or a replacement loan of similar economic characteristics into the Portfolios. The new or replacement loan will be governed by the same terms set forth in the sale and assignment agreement described above, which is the primary driver of the recapture rate assumption.


13


The range of key assumptions used in the Company's valuation of excess spread financing are as follows.
Excess Spread Financing
Prepayment Speeds
 
Average
Life (Years)
 
Discount Rate
 
Recapture Rate
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Low
6.4%
 
5.1
 
8.5%
 
7.1%
High
15.9%
 
7.9
 
14.0%
 
27.5%
Weighted-average
11.6%
 
6.4
 
10.7%
 
17.5%
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Low
6.2%
 
4.4
 
8.5%
 
7.2%
High
21.2%
 
6.9
 
14.1%
 
30.0%
Weighted-average
13.7%
 
5.9
 
10.8%
 
18.7%

The following table shows the hypothetical effect on the excess spread financing fair value when applying certain unfavorable variations of key assumptions to these liabilities for the dates indicated.
 
Discount Rate
 
Prepayment Speeds
Excess Spread Financing - Hypothetical Sensitivities
100 bps
Adverse
Change
 
200 bps
Adverse
Change
 
10%
Adverse
Change
 
20%
Adverse
Change
March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing
$
40

 
$
83

 
$
33

 
$
68

December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing
$
37

 
$
78

 
$
34

 
$
71


As the cash flow assumptions utilized in determining the fair value amounts in the excess spread financing are based on the related cash flow assumptions utilized in the financed MSRs, any fair value changes recognized in the MSRs would inherently have an inverse impact on the carrying amount of the related excess spread financing. For example, while an increase in discount rates would negatively impact the value of the Company's MSRs, it would reduce the carrying value of the associated excess spread financing liability.

These hypothetical sensitivities should be evaluated with care. The effect on fair value of a 10% variation in assumptions generally cannot be determined because the relationship of the change in assumptions to the fair value may not be linear. Additionally, the impact of a variation in a particular assumption on the fair value is calculated while holding other assumptions constant. In reality, changes in one factor may lead to changes in other factors, which could impact the above hypothetical effects. Also, a positive change in the above assumptions would not necessarily correlate with the corresponding decrease in the net carrying amount of the excess spread financing.

Mortgage Servicing Rights Financing - Fair Value
From December 2013 through June 2014, the Company entered into agreements to sell a contractually specified base servicing fee component of certain MSRs and servicing advances under specified terms to a joint venture capitalized by New Residential and certain unaffiliated third-party investors. The Company continues to be the named servicer and, for accounting purposes, ownership of the mortgage servicing rights continues to reside with the Company. Accordingly, the Company records the MSRs and a MSR financing liability associated with this transaction in its consolidated balance sheets. See Note 18. Transactions with Affiliates for additional information.

The following table sets forth the weighted average assumptions used in the valuation of the mortgage servicing rights financing liability.
Mortgage Servicing Rights Financing Assumptions
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Advance financing rates
4.3
%
 
3.5
%
Annual advance recovery rates
20.4
%
 
23.2
%

14



The following table sets forth the items comprising of revenues associated with servicing loan portfolios.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Servicing Revenue
2018
 
2017
Contractually specified servicing fees(1)
$
250

 
$
255

Other service-related income(1)(2)
28

 
40

Incentive and modification income(1)
15

 
22

Late fees(1)
24

 
24

Reverse servicing fees
19

 
14

Mark-to-market adjustments(2)(3)
152

 
(32
)
Counterparty revenue share(4)
(45
)
 
(62
)
Amortization, net of accretion(5)
(48
)
 
(61
)
Total servicing revenue
$
395

 
$
200


(1) Amounts include subservicing related revenues.
(2) In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company reevaluated presentation of adjustments related to certain Ginnie Mae early buyout activities and reclassified $6 from other service-related income to mark-to-market adjustments for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Total servicing revenue was not affected by this reclassification adjustment.
(3) Mark-to-market ("MTM") includes fair value adjustments on MSR, excess spread financing and MSR financing liabilities. The amount of MSR MTM reflected is net of cumulative incurred losses related to advances and other receivables associated with inactive and liquidated loans that are no longer part of the MSR portfolio and these incurred losses have been transferred to reserves on advances and other receivables. These cumulative incurred losses totaled $12 and $15 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
(4) Counterparty revenue share represents the excess servicing fee that the Company pays to the counterparties under the excess spread financing arrangements and the payments made associated with MSRs financing arrangements.
(5) Amortization is net of excess spread accretion of $30 and $42 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.


3. Advances and Other Receivables, Net

Advances and other receivables, net consists of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Servicing advances
$
1,321

 
$
1,599

Receivables from agencies, investors and prior servicers
380

 
391

Reserves
(277
)
 
(284
)
Total advances and other receivables, net
$
1,424

 
$
1,706


The Company, as a loan servicer, is contractually responsible to advance funds on behalf of the borrower and investor primarily for loan principal and interest, property taxes and hazard insurance, and foreclosure costs. Advances are primarily recovered through reimbursement from the investor, proceeds from sale of loan collateral, or mortgage insurance claims. Reserves for advances and other receivables on loans transferred out of the MSR portfolio are established within advances and other receivables.
The Company estimates and records an asset for estimated recoveries from prior servicers for their respective portion of the losses associated with the underlying loans that were not serviced in accordance with established guidelines. Receivables from prior servicers totaled $133 and $134 for the Company's forward loan portfolio at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

15


The following table sets forth the activities of the reserves for advances and other receivables.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Reserves for Advances and Other Receivables
2018
 
2017
Balance - beginning of period
$
284

 
$
184

Provision and other additions(1)
22

 
40

Write-offs
(29
)
 
(16
)
Balance - end of period
$
277

 
$
208


(1) A provision of $12 and $15 was recorded through the MTM adjustments in service related revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, for inactive and liquidated loans that are no longer part of the MSR portfolio. Other additions represent reclassifications of required reserves from other balance sheet accounts.


4. Reverse Mortgage Interests, Net

Reverse mortgage interests, net consists of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Participating interests in HECM mortgage-backed securities ("HMBS")
$
7,061

 
$
7,107

Other interests securitized
982

 
912

Unsecuritized interests
2,316

 
2,080

Reserves
(134
)
 
(115
)
Total reverse mortgage interests, net
$
10,225

 
$
9,984


Participating Interests in HMBS
Participating interests in HMBS consist of the Company's reverse mortgage interests in HECM loans which have been transferred to Ginnie Mae ("GNMA") and subsequently securitized through the issuance of HMBS. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, a total of $85 and $238 in UPB were transferred to Ginnie Mae and securitized, respectively.

Other Interests Securitized
Other interests securitized consist of reverse mortgage interests that no longer meet HMBS program eligibility criteria and have been repurchased out of HMBS. These reverse mortgage interests have subsequently been transferred to private securitization trusts and are accounted for as a secured borrowing. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, a total of $443 UPB was securitized through Trust 2018-1 and a total of $284 UPB from Trust 2016-2 and Trust 2016-3 were called and debt extinguished. Refer to Other Nonrecourse Debt in Note 8, Indebtedness for additional information.

Unsecuritized Interests
Unsecuritized interests in reverse mortgages consists of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Repurchased HECM loans
$
1,778

 
$
1,662

HECM related receivables
436

 
311

Funded borrower draws not yet securitized
77

 
82

REO related receivables
25

 
25

Total unsecuritized interests
$
2,316

 
$
2,080


Unsecuritized interests include repurchased HECM loans for which the Company is required to repurchase from the HMBS pool when the outstanding principal balance of the HECM loan is equal to or greater than 98% of the maximum claim amount established at origination in accordance with HMBS program guidelines. The Company repurchased a total of $1,051 and $1,087 HECM loans out of Ginnie Mae HMBS securitizations during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, of which $229 and $279 were subsequently assigned to a third party in accordance with applicable servicing agreements, respectively.


16


The Company also estimates and records an asset for probable recoveries from prior servicers for their respective portion of the losses associated with the underlying loans that were not serviced in accordance with established guidelines. Receivables from prior servicers totaled $29 and $22 for the Company's reverse loan portfolio at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

Purchase of Reverse Mortgage Servicing Rights and Interests
On December 1, 2016, the Company executed an asset purchase agreement with a large financial institution and acquired servicing rights and reverse mortgage interests. As part of the asset purchase agreement, the Company agreed to acquire remaining components of the reverse portfolio, primarily including servicing of whole HECM loans and REO advances upon receiving regulatory approval. In September 2017, the Company executed a mortgage servicing rights purchase agreement and a subservicing agreement to acquire servicing rights and subservicing contracts on the remaining reverse portfolio. In March 2018, the Company executed an asset purchase agreement to acquire reverse mortgage interests on the subservicing contracts acquired in September 2017 referenced above, acquiring $467 UPB of participating interests in HECM loans and $460 UPB of related HMBS obligations. The Company performed a relative fair value allocations upon acquisition, resulting in the aforementioned assets and liabilities in addition to $2 of HECM related receivables and $7 of purchase discount within unsecuritized interests. In addition, the Company paid net proceeds of $1 for the acquisition of these assets and assumption of related liabilities.

Reserves for Reverse Mortgage Interests
The Company records reserves related to reverse mortgage interests based on potential unrecoverable costs and loss exposures expected to be realized. Recoverability is determined based on the Company’s ability to meet U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD") servicing guidelines and is viewed as two different categories of expenses: financial and operational. Financial exposures are defined as the cost of doing business related to servicing the HECM product and include potential unrecoverable costs primarily based on HUD claim guidelines related to recoverable expenses and unfavorable changes in the appraised value of the loan collateral. Operational exposures are defined as unrecoverable debenture interest curtailments imposed for missed Federal Housing Administration ("FHA") specified servicing timelines.

The activity of the reserves for reverse mortgage interests is set forth below.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Reserves for reverse mortgage interests
2018
 
2017
Balance - beginning of period
$
115

 
$
131

Provision(1)
26

 
8

Write-offs
(7
)
 
(2
)
Balance - end of period
$
134

 
$
137


(1) During the three months ended March 31, 2018, provision increased attributable to the changes in characteristics of the loan portfolio, primarily driven by loans in due and payable status.

Reverse Mortgage Interest Income
The Company accrues interest income for its participating interest in reverse mortgages based on the stated rates underlying HECM loans and FHA guidelines. Total interest earned on the Company's reverse mortgage interests was $119 and $118 for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

In connection with previous reverse mortgage portfolio acquisitions, the Company recorded a purchase discount within unsecuritized interests. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company accreted $6 of the purchase discount to interest income related to the above referenced transactions. There was $90 purchase discount remaining related to the above referenced transactions as of March 31, 2018.


5. Mortgage Loans Held for Sale and Investment

Mortgage Loans Held for Sale
The Company maintains a strategy of originating and purchasing residential mortgage loan products primarily for the purpose of selling to government-sponsored enterprises ("GSEs") or other third-party investors in the secondary market on a servicing-retained basis. The Company focuses on assisting customers currently in the Company's servicing portfolio with refinancing of loans or new home purchases. Generally, all newly originated mortgage loans held for sale are securitized and transferred to GSEs or delivered to third-party purchasers shortly after origination on a servicing-retained basis.


17


Mortgage loans held for sale are recorded at fair value as set forth below.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Mortgage loans held for sale – UPB
$
1,555

 
$
1,837

Mark-to-market adjustment(1)
34

 
54

Total mortgage loans held for sale
$
1,589

 
$
1,891

(1) The mark-to-market adjustment is recorded in net gain on mortgage loans held for sale in the consolidated statements of operations.

The Company accrues interest income as earned and places loans on non-accrual status after any portion of principal or interest has been delinquent for more than 90 days. Accrued interest is recorded as interest income in the consolidated statements of operations.

The total UPB of mortgage loans held for sale on non-accrual status was as follows for the dates indicated.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Mortgage Loans Held for Sale - UPB
UPB
 
Fair Value
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
Non-accrual
$
73

 
$
70

 
$
66

 
$
64


From time to time, the Company exercises its right to repurchase individual delinquent loans in Ginnie Mae securitization pools to minimize interest spread losses, to re-pool into new Ginnie Mae securitizations, or to otherwise sell to third-party investors. During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company repurchased $68 and $69 of delinquent Ginnie Mae loans, respectively, and securitized or sold to third-party investors $88 and $99 of previously repurchased loans, respectively. As of March 31, 2018 and 2017, $39 and $10 of the repurchased loans have re-performed and were held in accrual status, respectively, and remaining balances continue to be held under a nonaccrual status.
The total UPB of mortgage loans held for sale for which the Company has begun formal foreclosure proceedings was $54 and $51 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The following table details a roll forward of the change in the account balance of mortgage loans held for sale.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Mortgage loans held for sale
2018
 
2017
Balance - beginning of period
$
1,891

 
$
1,788

Mortgage loans originated and purchased, net of fees
5,088

 
4,632

Loans sold
(5,649
)
 
(5,268
)
Repurchase of loans out of Ginnie Mae securitizations
251

 
296

Transfer of mortgage loans held for sale to advances/accounts receivable, net related to claims(1)
(3
)
 
(4
)
Net transfer of mortgage loans held for sale from REO in other assets(2)
8

 
7

Changes in fair value
(5
)
 
20

Other purchase-related activities(3)
8

 
5

Balance - end of period
$
1,589

 
$
1,476


(1) Amounts are comprised of claims made on certain government insured mortgage loans upon completion of the REO sale.
(2) Net amounts are comprised of REO in the sales process, which are transferred to other assets, and certain government insured mortgage REO, which are transferred from other assets upon completion of the sale so that the claims process can begin.
(3) Amounts are comprised primarily of non-Ginnie Mae loan purchases and buyouts.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company received proceeds of $5,709 and $5,405, respectively, on the sale of mortgage loans held for sale, resulting in gains of $60 and $137, respectively.


18


The Company has the right to repurchase any individual loan in a Ginnie Mae securitization pool if that loan meets certain criteria, including being delinquent greater than 90 days. The majority of Ginnie Mae repurchased loans are repurchased solely with the intent to re-pool into new Ginnie Mae securitizations upon re-performance of the loan or to otherwise sell to third-party investors. Therefore, these loans are classified as held for sale. The amounts repurchased out of Ginnie Mae pools, as presented above, are primarily in connection with loan modifications and loan resolution activity as part of the Company's contractual obligations as the servicer of the loans.

Mortgage Loans Held for Investment, Net
The following sets forth the composition of mortgage loans held for investment, net.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Mortgage loans held for investment, net – UPB
$
188

 
$
193

Transfer discount:
 
 
 
Non-accretable
(39
)
 
(41
)
Accretable
(12
)
 
(12
)
Allowance for loan losses
(1
)
 
(1
)
Total mortgage loans held for investment, net
$
136

 
$
139


The changes in accretable yield discount on loans transferred to mortgage loans held for investment, net are set forth below. 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Accretable Yield Discount
2018
 
2017
Balance - beginning of the period
$
(12
)
 
$
(13
)
Accretion
1

 
1

Reclassifications from non-accretable discount
(1
)
 
(1
)
Balance - end of the period
$
(12
)
 
$
(13
)
The Company may periodically modify the terms of any outstanding mortgage loans held for investment for loans that are either in default or in imminent default. Modifications often involve reduced payments by borrowers, modification of the original terms of the mortgage loans, forgiveness of debt and/or modified servicing advances. As a result of the volume of modification agreements entered into, the estimated average outstanding life in this pool of mortgage loans has been extended. The Company records interest income on the transferred loans on a level-yield method. To maintain a level-yield on these transferred loans over the estimated extended life, The Company reclassified to accretable yield discount approximately $1 and $1 of transfer discount designated as reserves for future loss, for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. No provision for reserves was required for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, as the fair value of the underlying collateral exceeded the carrying value of the loans, net of the non-accretable discount.

The total UPB of mortgage loans held for investment for which the Company has begun formal foreclosure proceedings was $21 and $22 as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.



19


6. Other Assets

Other assets consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Loans subject to repurchase right from Ginnie Mae
$
201

 
$
218

Accrued revenues
123

 
148

Goodwill
71

 
72

Prepaid expenses
31

 
27

Deposits
20

 
19

REO, net
19

 
23

Intangible assets
15

 
19

Receivables from affiliates, net
6

 
6

Other
70

 
82

Total other assets
$
556

 
$
614

Loans Subject to Repurchase Right from Ginnie Mae
Forward loans are sold to Ginnie Mae in conjunction with the issuance of mortgage backed securities. The Company, as the issuer of the mortgage backed securities, has the unilateral right to repurchase any individual loan in a Ginnie Mae securitization pool if that loan meets certain criteria, including being delinquent greater than 90 days. Once the Company has the unilateral right to repurchase a delinquent loan, it has effectively regained control over the loan and recognizes these rights to the loan on its consolidated balance sheets and establishes a corresponding repurchase liability regardless of the Company’s intention to repurchase the loan.

Goodwill
In February 2018, the Company sold the software-based business of Xome's Real Estate Digital ("RED") business. In connection with the sale, the Company wrote off $1 goodwill.

Accrued Revenues
Accrued revenues are primarily comprised of service fees earned but not received based upon the terms of the Company's servicing and subservicing agreements.

REO, Net
REO, net includes $12 and $15 of REO-related receivables with government insurance at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, limiting loss exposure to the Company.

Other
Other primarily includes tax receivables and non-advance related accounts receivable due from investors.


7. Derivative Financial Instruments

Derivative instruments utilized by the Company primarily include interest rate lock commitments ("IRLCs"), Loan Purchase Commitments ("LPCs"), forward Mortgage Backed Securities ("MBS") trades, Eurodollar and Treasury futures and interest rate swap agreements.

Associated with the Company's derivatives are $3 and $1 in collateral deposits on derivative instruments recorded in other assets on the Company's consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The Company does not offset fair value amounts recognized for derivative instruments with amounts collected and/or deposited on derivative instruments in its consolidated balance sheets.

20


The following table provides the outstanding notional balances, fair values of outstanding positions and recorded gains/(losses).
 
Expiration
Dates
 
Outstanding
Notional
 
Fair
Value
 
Recorded
Gains /
(Losses)
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan sale commitments
2018
 
$
427

 
$
8.9

 
$
8.8

Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs
2018
 
1,968

 
57.4

 
(1.9
)
Forward sales of MBS
2018
 
1,130

 
5.7

 
3.3

LPCs
2018
 
223

 
1.0

 
0.1

Treasury futures
2018
 
331

 
1.3

 
(0.6
)
Eurodollar futures(1)
2018-2021
 
30

 

 

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs(1)
2018
 
8

 

 

Forward sales of MBS
2018
 
2,384

 
7.3

 
4.5

LPCs
2018
 
116

 
0.5

 
(0.1
)
Treasury futures
2018
 
223

 
1.2

 
(0.2
)
Eurodollar futures(1)
2020-2021
 
6

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Year Ended December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan sale commitments(1)
2018
 
$
13

 
$
0.1

 
$

Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs
2018
 
2,065

 
59.3

 
(32.9
)
Forward sales of MBS
2018
 
1,802

 
2.4

 
(36.9
)
LPCs
2018
 
171

 
0.9

 
(1.0
)
Treasury futures
2018
 
81

 
1.9

 
1.9

Eurodollar futures(1)
2018-2021
 
26

 

 

Interest rate swaps(1)
2018
 

 

 
(0.1
)
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs(1)
2018
 
7

 

 
1.1

Forward sales of MBS
2018
 
1,579

 
2.8

 
7.2

LPCs
2018
 
213

 
0.6

 
0.9

Treasury futures
2018
 
128

 
1.4

 
(1.4
)
Eurodollar futures(1)
2018-2021
 
17

 

 

Interest rate swaps
2018
 

 

 
0.1


(1) Fair values or recorded gains/(losses) of derivative instruments are less than $0.1 for the specified dates.



21


8. Indebtedness

Notes Payable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Advance Facilities
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Collateral
 
Capacity Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral Pledged
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral pledged
Nationstar agency advance receivables trust
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 2.6%
 
November 2019
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
$
575

 
$
311

 
$
405

 
$
416

 
$
492

Nationstar mortgage advance receivable trust
 
LIBOR+1.4% to 6.5%
 
November 2018
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
500

 
105

 
260

 
230

 
287

Nationstar agency advance financing facility
 
LIBOR+1.0% to 7.4%
 
January 2019
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
150

 
56

 
89

 
102

 
117

MBS advance financing facility
 
LIBOR+2.5%
 
March 2019
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
130

 
49

 
50

 
63

 
64

MBS servicer advance facility (2014)
 
LIBOR+3.0%
 
October 2018
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
125

 
41

 
142

 
44

 
140

Advance facilities principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
562

 
$
946

 
855

 
$
1,100

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

 
 
Advance facilities, net
 
 
 
$
562



 
$
855

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Warehouse Facilities
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Collateral
 
Capacity Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral Pledged
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral pledged
$1,200 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.9% to 3.8%
 
October 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
1,200

 
762

 
817

 
889

 
960

$1,000 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 2.5%
 
September 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
1,000

 
295

 
303

 
299

 
308

$950 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 3.5%
 
November 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
950

 
612

 
683

 
721

 
785

$600 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.5%
 
February 2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
600

 
457

 
477

 
333

 
347

$500 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.8% to 2.8%
 
September 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
500

 
230

 
235

 
233

 
239

$500 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.8% to 2.8%
 
June 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
500

 
302

 
333

 
305

 
337

$350 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 3.5%
 
April 2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
350

 
242

 
266

 
246

 
272

$300 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.3%
 
January 2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
300

 
122

 
148

 
116

 
141

$200 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.6%
 
April 2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
200

 
80

 
82

 
80

 
81

$150 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+4.3%
 
September 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
150

 

 
91

 

 

$100 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+5.5%
 
December 2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
100

 
50

 
100

 
50

 
50

$50 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+4.5%
 
August 2020
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
50

 
5

 
48

 
10

 
10

$40 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+3.0%
 
November 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
40

 
4

 
5

 
4

 
6

Warehouse facilities principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
3,161

 
$
3,588

 
3,286

 
$
3,536

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
Warehouse facilities, net
 
 
 
$
3,161

 

 
$
3,285

 

 
Pledged Collateral:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,496

 
$
1,395

 
$
1,852

 
$
1,680

Reverse mortgage interests, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,610

 
1,754

 
1,434

 
1,575

MSR and other collateral
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55

 
439

 

 
281



22


Unsecured Senior Notes

Unsecured senior notes consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
$600 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due July 2021
$
595
 
 
$
595
 
$400 face value, 7.875% interest rate payable semi-annually, due October 2020
394
 
 
397
 
$475 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due August 2018
364
 
 
364
 
$375 face value, 9.625% interest rate payable semi-annually, due May 2019
310
 
 
323
 
$300 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due June 2022
206
 
 
206
 
Unsecured senior notes principal amount
1,869
 
 
1,885
 
Unamortized debt issuance costs
(10
)
 
(11
)
Unsecured senior notes, net
$
1,859
 
 
$
1,874
 

The indentures for the unsecured senior notes contain various covenants and restrictions that limit the ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends, make certain investments, create liens, consolidate, merge or sell substantially all of their assets or enter into certain transactions with affiliates. The indentures contain certain events of default, including (subject, in some cases, to customary cure periods and materiality thresholds) defaults based on (i) the failure to make payments under the indenture when due, (ii) breach of covenants, (iii) cross-defaults to certain other indebtedness, (iv) certain bankruptcy or insolvency events, (v) material judgments and (vi) invalidity of material guarantees.

The indentures for the unsecured senior notes provide that the Company may redeem all or a portion of the notes prior to certain fixed dates by paying a make-whole premium plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates. In addition, the Company may redeem all or a portion of the unsecured senior notes at any time on or after certain fixed dates at the applicable redemption prices set forth in the indentures plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates. The Company repurchased $16 and $47 in principal amount of outstanding notes during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 resulting in a loss of $0.4 and $1, respectively.

Additionally, the indentures provide that on or before certain fixed dates, the Company may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the unsecured senior notes with the net proceeds of certain equity offerings at fixed redemption prices, plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates, subject to compliance with certain conditions.
The ratios included in the indentures for the unsecured senior notes are incurrence-based compared to the customary ratio covenants that are often found in credit agreements that require a company to maintain a certain ratio.
As of March 31, 2018, the expected maturities of the Company's unsecured senior notes based on contractual maturities are as follows.
Year Ending December 31,
 
Amount
2018
 
$
364

2019
 
310

2020
 
394

2021
 
595

2022
 
206

Unsecured senior notes principal amount
 
1,869

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(10
)
Unsecured senior notes, net
 
$
1,859



23


Other Nonrecourse Debt

Other nonrecourse debt consists of the following.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Issue Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Class of Note
 
Securitized Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Outstanding
Participating interest financing(1)
 
 
 
$

 
$
7,128

 
$
7,173

Securitization of nonperforming HECM loans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trust 2016-2
June 2016
 
June 2026
 
A, M1, M2
 

 

 
94

Trust 2016-3
August 2016
 
August 2026
 
A, M1, M2
 

 

 
138

Trust 2017-1
May 2017
 
May 2027
 
A, M1, M2
 
226

 
191

 
213

Trust 2017-2
September 2017
 
September 2027
 
A, M1, M2
 
365

 
326

 
365

Trust 2018-1
March 2018
 
March 2028
 
A, M1, M2, M3, M4, M5
 
425

 
419

 

Nonrecourse debt - legacy assets
November 2009
 
October 2039
 
A
 
123

 
39

 
42

Other nonrecourse debt principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8,103

 
8,025

Unamortized debt issuance costs and issuance discount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(12
)
 
(11
)
Other nonrecourse debt, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
8,091

 
$
8,014


(1) Amounts represent the Company's participating interest in GNMA HMBS securitized portfolios.
Participating Interest Financing
Participating interest financing represents the obligation of HMBS pools to third-party security holders. The Company issues HMBS in connection with the securitization of borrower draws and accrued interest on HECM loans. Proceeds are received in exchange for securitized advances on the HECM loan amounts transferred to GNMA, and the Company retains a beneficial interest (referred to as a "participating interest") in the securitization trust in which the HECM loans and HMBS obligations are held and assume both issuer and servicer responsibilities in accordance with GNMA HMBS program guidelines. Monthly cash flows generated from the HECM loans are used to service the HMBS obligations. The interest rate is based on the underlying HMBS rate with a range of 1.9% to 7.0%.

Securitizations of Nonperforming HECM Loans
From time to time, the Company securitizes its interests in non-performing reverse mortgages. The transactions provide investors with the ability to invest in a pool of both non-performing HECM loans secured by one-to-four-family residential properties and a pool of REO properties acquired through foreclosure of a deed in lieu of foreclosure in connection with HECM loans that are covered by FHA insurance. The transactions provide the Company with access to liquidity for the non-performing HECM loan portfolio, ongoing servicing fees, and potential residual returns. The transactions are structured as secured borrowings with the reverse mortgage loans included in the consolidated financial statements as reverse mortgage interests and the related financing included in other nonrecourse debt. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, interest is accrued at a rate of 2.0% to 6.5% on the outstanding securitized notes and recorded as interest expense in consolidated statements of operations. The HECM securitizations are callable with expected weighted average lives of one to three years. The Company may re-securitize the previously called loans from earlier HECM securitizations to achieve a lower cost of funds.


24


Nonrecourse Debt – Legacy Assets
During November 2009, the Company completed the securitization of approximately $222 of Asset-Backed Securities ("ABS"), which was accounted for as a secured borrowing. This structure resulted in the Company carrying the securitized mortgage loans in its consolidated balance sheets and recognizing the asset-backed certificates acquired by third parties. The principal and interest on these notes are paid using the cash flows from the underlying mortgage loans, which serve as collateral for the debt. The interest rate paid on the outstanding securities is 7.5%, which is subject to an available funds cap. The total outstanding principal balance on the underlying mortgage loans serving as collateral for the debt was approximately $176 and $181 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. The carrying values on the outstanding loans was $39 and $42 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and the carrying value of the nonrecourse debt was $34 and $37, respectively.

Financial Covenants
The Company's borrowing arrangements and credit facilities contain various financial covenants which primarily relate to required tangible net worth amounts, liquidity reserves, leverage requirements, and profitability requirements. As of March 31, 2018, the Company was in compliance with its financial covenants.

The Company is required to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of at least $682 as of each quarter-end related to its outstanding Master Repurchase Agreements on its outstanding repurchase facilities. As of March 31, 2018, the Company was in compliance with these minimum tangible net worth requirements.


9. Payables and Accrued Liabilities

Payables and accrued liabilities consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Payables to servicing and subservicing investors
$
536

 
$
485

Loans subject to repurchase from Ginnie Mae
201

 
218

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
109

 
127

Payables to GSEs and securitized trusts
80

 
65

Payable to insurance carriers and insurance cancellation reserves
60

 
61

Professional and legal
58

 
55

Accrued bonus and payroll
54

 
82

Accrued interest
49

 
62

Taxes
47

 
36

Lease obligations
22

 
24

MSR purchases payable including advances
10

 
10

Repurchase reserves
9

 
9

Total payables and accrued liabilities
$
1,235

 
$
1,234


Payables to Servicing and Subservicing Investors and Payables to GSEs and Securitized Trusts
Payables to servicing and subservicing investors, GSEs and securitized trusts represent amounts due to investors, GSEs and securitized trusts in connection with loans serviced that are paid from collections of the underlying loans, insurance proceeds or proceeds from property disposal.

Loans Subject to Repurchase from Ginnie Mae
See Note 6, Other Assets for a description of assets and liabilities related to loans subject to repurchase from Ginnie Mae.

Accounts Payables and Other Accrued Liabilities
Accounts payables and other accrued liabilities are primarily comprised of liabilities related to various vendor and servicing activities.

Payables to Insurance Carriers and Insurance Cancellation Reserves
Payables to insurance carriers and insurance cancellation reserves consist of insurance premiums received from borrower payments awaiting disbursement to the insurance carrier and/or amounts due to third-party investors on liquidated loans.


25


Repurchase Reserves
The activity of the repurchase reserves is set forth below.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Repurchase Reserves
2018
 
2017
Balance - beginning of period
$
9

 
$
18

Provisions
1

 
2

Releases
(1
)
 
(4
)
Charge-offs

 
(1
)
Balance - end of period
$
9

 
$
15


The provision for repurchases represents an estimate of losses to be incurred on the repurchase of loans or indemnification of purchaser's losses related to forward loans. Certain sale contracts and GSE standards require the Company to repurchase a loan or indemnify the purchaser or insurer for losses if a borrower fails to make initial loan payments or if the accompanying mortgage loan fails to meet certain customary representations and warranties, such as the manner of origination, the nature and extent of underwriting standards.

In the event of a breach of the representations and warranties, the Company may be required to either repurchase the loan or indemnify the purchaser for losses it sustains on the loan. In addition, an investor may request that the Company refund a portion of the premium paid on the sale of mortgage loans if a loan is prepaid within a certain amount of time from the date of sale. The Company records a reserve for estimated losses associated with loan repurchases, purchaser indemnification and premium refunds. The provision for repurchase losses is charged against net gain on mortgage loans held for sale. A release of repurchase reserves is recorded when the Company's assessment reveals that previously recorded reserves are no longer needed.

A selling representation and warranty framework was introduced by the GSEs in 2013 and enhanced in 2014 that helps address concerns of loan sellers with respect to loan repurchase risk. Under the framework, a GSE will not exercise its remedies, including the issuance of repurchase requests, for breaches of certain selling representations and warranties if a mortgage meets certain eligibility requirements. For loans sold to GSEs on or after January 1, 2013, repurchase risk for Home Affordable Refinance Program ("HARP") loans is lowered if the borrower stays current on the loan for 12 months and representation and warranty risks are limited for non-HARP loans that stay current for 36 months.

The Company regularly evaluates the adequacy of repurchase reserves based on trends in repurchase and indemnification requests, actual loss experience, settlement negotiation, estimated future loss exposure and other relevant factors including economic conditions. Current loss rates have significantly declined attributable to stronger underwriting standards and due to the falloff of loans underwritten prior to mortgage loan crisis period prior to 2008. The Company believes its reserve balance as of March 31, 2018 is sufficient to cover future loss exposure associated with repurchase contingencies.


10. Securitizations and Financings

Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
In the normal course of business, the Company enters into various types of on- and off-balance sheet transactions with special purpose entities ("SPE") determined to be VIEs, which primarily consist of securitization trusts established for a limited purpose. Generally, these SPEs are formed for the purpose of securitization transactions in which the Company transfers assets to an SPE, which then issues to investors various forms of debt obligations supported by those assets.

The Company has determined that the SPEs created in connection with the (i) Nationstar Home Equity Loan Trust 2009-A, (ii) Nationstar Mortgage Advance Receivables Trust (NMART), (iii) Nationstar Agency Advance Financing Trust (NAAFT) and (iv) Nationstar Advance Agency Receivables Trust (NAART) should be consolidated as the Company is the primary beneficiary of each of these entities. Also, the Company consolidated three reverse mortgage SPEs as it is the primary beneficiary of each of these entities. These SPEs include the Nationstar HECM Loan Trusts.


26


A summary of the assets and liabilities of the Company's transactions with VIEs included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements is presented below for the dates indicated.
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Transfers
Accounted for as
Secured
Borrowings
 
Reverse Secured Borrowings
 
Transfers
Accounted for as
Secured
Borrowings
 
Reverse Secured Borrowings
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash
$
120

 
$
28

 
$
106

 
$
26

Reverse mortgage interests, net

 
7,996

 

 
7,981

Advances and other receivables, net
755

 

 
896

 

Mortgage loans held for investment, net
135

 

 
138

 

Other assets
3

 

 
2

 

Total assets
$
1,013

 
$
8,024

 
$
1,142

 
$
8,007

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advance facilities(1)
$
472

 
$

 
$
749

 
$

Payables and accrued liabilities
1

 

 
2

 
1

Participating interest financing(2)

 
7,064

 

 
7,107

HECM Securitizations (HMBS)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trust 2016-2

 

 

 
94

Trust 2016-3

 

 

 
138

Trust 2017-1

 
191