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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

☒ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
OR

☐  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                 to

Commission file number 0-27782

DIME COMMUNITY BANCSHARES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

N/A
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
11-3297463
(I.R.S. employer identification number)
     
300 Cadman Plaza West, 8th Floor, Brooklyn, NY
 (Address of principal executive offices)
 
11201
(Zip Code)

(718) 782-6200
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all the reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

YES  ☒          NO  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

YES   ☒          NO  ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" "smaller reporting company" and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 
LARGE ACCELERATED FILER  ☐
ACCELERATED FILER  ☒
 
NON -ACCELERATED FILER  ☐
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
   
SMALLER REPORTING COMPANY  ☐
   
EMERGING GROWTH COMPANY  ☐
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

YES  ☐          NO  ☒
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Classes of Common Stock
 
Number of Shares Outstanding at May 9, 2018
$.01 Par Value
 
37,571,197
 


   
Page
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
 
 
4
 
5
 
5
 
6
 
7
 
8-29
Item 2.
30-40
Item 3.
40-41
Item 4.
42
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
42
Item 1A.
42
Item 2.
42
Item 3.
42
Item 4.
42
Item 5.
42
Item 6.
43
 
44
 
2

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains a number of forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act").  These statements may be identified by use of words such as “annualized,” "anticipate," "believe," “continue,” "could," "estimate," "expect," “impact,” "intend," "seek," "may," "outlook," "plan," "potential," "predict," "project," "should," "will," "would" and similar terms and phrases, including references to assumptions.

Forward-looking statements are based upon various assumptions and analyses made by Dime Community Bancshares, Inc. (the "Holding Company," and together with its direct and indirect subsidiaries, the "Company") in light of management’s experience and its perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors it believes appropriate under the circumstances. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors (many of which are beyond the Company’s control) that could cause actual conditions or results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on such statements. These factors include, without limitation, the following:
 
·
the timing and occurrence or non-occurrence of events may be subject to circumstances beyond the Company’s control;
·
there may be increases in competitive pressure among financial institutions or from non-financial institutions;
·
the net interest margin is subject to material short-term fluctuation based upon market rates;
·
changes in deposit flows, loan demand or real estate values may adversely affect the business of Dime Community Bank (the "Bank");
·
changes in accounting principles, policies or guidelines may cause the Company’s financial condition to be perceived differently;
·
changes in corporate and/or individual income tax laws may adversely affect the Company's business or financial condition;
·
general economic conditions, either nationally or locally in some or all areas in which the Company conducts business, or conditions in the securities markets or the banking industry may be less favorable than the Company currently anticipates;
·
legislative or regulatory changes may adversely affect the Company’s business;
·
technological changes may be more difficult or expensive than the Company anticipates;
·
our ability to successfully integrate acquired entities, if any;
·
breaches, failures and interruptions in IT systems and IT security;
·
ability to retain key employees/executive management team;
·
success or consummation of new business initiatives may be more difficult or expensive than the Company anticipates;
·
litigation or other matters before regulatory agencies, whether currently existing or commencing in the future, may delay the occurrence or non-occurrence of events longer than the Company anticipates; and
·
the risks referred to in the section entitled "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 as updated by our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.

The Company has no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this document.
 
3

Item 1.
Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

DIME COMMUNITY BANCSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION (UNAUDITED)
(Dollars in thousands except share amounts)

   
March 31,
2018
   
December 31,
2017
 
ASSETS:
           
Cash and due from banks
 
$
188,826
   
$
169,455
 
Total cash and cash equivalents
   
188,826
     
169,455
 
Mortgage-backed securities (“MBS”) available-for-sale, at fair value (See Note 7)
   
354,410
     
351,384
 
Marketable equity securities, at fair value
   
6,433
     
-
 
Investment securities available-for-sale, at fair value (Fully unencumbered)
   
-
     
4,006
 
Trading securities
   
-
     
2,715
 
Loans:
               
Real estate
   
5,360,555
     
5,464,067
 
Commercial and industrial (“C&I”) loans
   
145,818
     
136,671
 
Other loans
   
1,053
     
1,379
 
Less allowance for loan losses
   
(21,204
)
   
(21,033
)
Total loans, net
   
5,486,222
     
5,581,084
 
Premises and fixed assets, net
   
25,276
     
24,326
 
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York ("FHLBNY") capital stock
   
52,514
     
59,696
 
Bank Owned Life Insurance ("BOLI")
   
109,257
     
108,545
 
Goodwill
   
55,638
     
55,638
 
Other assets
   
47,341
     
46,611
 
Total Assets
 
$
6,325,917
   
$
6,403,460
 
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Liabilities:
               
Due to depositors:
               
Interest-bearing deposits
 
$
4,105,370
   
$
4,095,701
 
Non-interest-bearing deposits
   
325,071
     
307,746
 
Total deposits
   
4,430,441
     
4,403,447
 
Escrow and other deposits
   
131,953
     
82,168
 
FHLBNY advances
   
1,010,400
     
1,170,000
 
Subordinated debt, net
   
113,649
     
113,612
 
Other liabilities
   
31,517
     
35,666
 
Total Liabilities
   
5,717,960
     
5,804,893
 
                 
Stockholders' Equity:
               
Preferred stock ($0.01 par, 9,000,000 shares authorized, none issued or outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017)
   
-
     
-
 
Common stock ($0.01 par, 125,000,000 shares authorized, 53,653,224 shares and 53,624,453 shares issued at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, and 37,484,270 shares and 37,419,070 shares outstanding at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)
   
537
     
536
 
Additional paid-in capital
   
277,070
     
276,730
 
Retained earnings
   
544,762
     
535,130
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of deferred taxes
   
(4,037
)
   
(3,641
)
Unearned Restricted Stock Award common stock
   
(3,855
)
   
(2,894
)
Common stock held by Benefit Maintenance Plan ("BMP")
   
(2,196
)
   
(2,736
)
Treasury stock, at cost (16,168,954 shares and 16,205,383 shares at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively)
   
(204,324
)
   
(204,558
)
Total Stockholders' Equity
   
607,957
     
598,567
 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 
$
6,325,917
   
$
6,403,460
 

See notes to unaudited consolidated financial statements.
 
4

DIME COMMUNITY BANCSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(Dollars in thousands except per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2018
 
2017
 
Interest income:
         
Loans secured by real estate
 
$
49,575
 
$
50,475
 
C& I
   
1,656
   
41
 
Other loans
   
19
   
18
 
MBS
   
2,257
   
14
 
Investment securities
   
15
   
190
 
Other short-term investments
   
1,511
   
717
 
Total interest income
   
55,033
   
51,455
 
Interest expense:
             
Deposits and escrow
   
10,751
   
9,507
 
Borrowed funds
   
6,267
   
4,461
 
Total interest expense
   
17,018
   
13,968
 
Net interest income
   
38,015
   
37,487
 
Provision for loan losses
   
193
   
450
 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
   
37,822
   
37,037
 
Non-interest income:
             
Service charges and other fees
   
911
   
794
 
Mortgage banking income, net
   
111
   
16
 
Net gain on securities and other assets(1)
   
1,366
   
75
 
Gain on sale of loans
   
90
   
-
 
Income from BOLI
   
712
   
545
 
Other
   
54
   
348
 
Total non-interest income
   
3,244
   
1,778
 
Non-interest expense:
             
Salaries and employee benefits
   
11,177
   
9,926
 
Stock benefit plan compensation expense
   
388
   
394
 
Occupancy and equipment
   
3,872
   
3,628
 
Data processing costs
   
1,754
   
1,607
 
Marketing
   
1,047
   
1,466
 
Federal deposit insurance premiums
   
665
   
655
 
Other
   
2,831
   
3,093
 
Total non-interest expense
   
21,734
   
20,769
 
Income before income taxes
   
19,332
   
18,046
 
Income tax expense
   
4,587
   
6,889
 
Net income
 
$
14,745
 
$
11,157
 
               
Earnings per Share:
             
Basic
 
$
0.39
 
$
0.30
 
Diluted
 
$
0.39
 
$
0.30
 

(1)
Amount includes periodic valuation gains or losses on marketable equity and trading securities
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
(Dollars in thousands except per share amounts)
   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Net Income
 
$
14,745
   
$
11,157
 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
               
Change in unrealized holding loss on securities held-to-maturity and transferred securities
   
-
     
34
 
Change in unrealized holding loss on securities available-for-sale
   
(2,558
)
   
120
 
Change in pension and other postretirement obligations
   
155
     
302
 
Change in unrealized gain on derivative asset
   
2,016
     
315
 
Other comprehensive gain (loss) before income taxes
   
(387
)
   
771
 
Deferred tax expense (benefit)
   
(112
)
   
346
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
(275
)
   
425
 
Total comprehensive income
 
$
14,470
   
$
11,582
 
 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
5

DIME COMMUNITY BANCSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)
 (Dollars in thousands)
 
   
Three Months ended March 31, 2018
 
   
Number of
Shares
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Retained
Earnings
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of
Deferred Taxes
   
Unearned
Stock
Award
Common
Stock
   
Common
Stock
Held by
BMP
   
Treasury
Stock, at
cost
   
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
                                                       
Beginning balance as of January 1, 2018
   
37,419,070
   
$
536
   
$
276,730
   
$
535,130
   
$
(3,641
)
 
$
(2,894
)
 
$
(2,736
)
 
$
(204,558
)
 
$
598,567
 
Reclassification of unrealized gains and losses on marketable equity securities
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
153
     
(153
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Adjusted beginning balance as of January 1, 2018
   
37,419,070
     
536
     
276,730
     
535,283
     
(3,794
)
   
(2,894
)
   
(2,736
)
   
(204,558
)
   
598,567
 
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
14,745
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
14,745
 
Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(275
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(275
)
Exercise of stock options, net
   
19,726
     
1
     
454
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(165
)
   
290
 
Release of shares, net of forfeitures
   
73,019
     
-
     
426
     
-
     
-
     
(1,349
)
   
-
     
923
     
-
 
Stock-based compensation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
388
     
-
     
-
     
388
 
Shares received to satisfy distribution of retirement benefits
   
(27,545
)
   
-
     
(540
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
540
     
(524
)
   
(524
)
Reclassification of tax effects on other comprehensive income (loss)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(32
)
   
32
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
                                                                       
Cash dividends declared and paid
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(5,234
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(5,234
)
Ending balance as of March 31, 2018
   
37,484,270
   
$
537
   
$
277,070
   
$
544,762
   
$
(4,037
)
 
$
(3,855
)
 
$
(2,196
)
 
$
(204,324
)
 
$
607,957
 
 
   
Three Months ended March 31, 2017
 
   
Number of
Shares
   
Common
Stock
   
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
   
Retained
Earnings
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss, Net of
Deferred Taxes
   
Unearned
Stock
Award
Common
Stock
   
Common
Stock
Held by
BMP
   
Treasury
Stock, at
cost
   
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
                                                                         
Beginning balance as of January 1, 2017
   
37,455,853
   
$
536
   
$
278,356
   
$
503,539
   
$
(5,939
)
 
$
(1,932
)
 
$
(6,859
)
 
$
(201,833
)
 
$
565,868
 
Net Income
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
11,157
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
11,157
 
Other comprehensive income, net of tax
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
425
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
425
 
Exercise of stock options
   
42,062
     
-
     
624
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
624
 
Release of shares, net of forfeitures
   
71,433
     
-
     
573
     
-
     
-
     
(1,474
)
   
-
     
901
     
-
 
Stock-based compensation
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
394
     
-
     
-
     
394
 
Cash dividends declared and paid
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
(5,243
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(5,243
)
Ending balance as of March 31, 2017
   
37,569,348
   
$
536
   
$
279,553
   
$
509,453
   
$
(5,514
)
 
$
(3,012
)
 
$
(6,859
)
 
$
(200,932
)
 
$
573,225
 
 
See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
6

DIME COMMUNITY BANCSHARES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
(Dollars in thousands)
   
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
           
Net Income
 
$
14,745
   
$
11,157
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Net loss (gain) recognized on marketable equity and trading securities
   
4
     
(75
)
Net gain on sale of loans held for sale
   
(90
)
   
-
 
Net gain on MBS available-for-sale sold
   
(1,370
)
   
-
 
Net depreciation, amortization and accretion
   
2,184
     
879
 
Stock plan compensation
   
388
     
394
 
Provision for loan losses
   
193
     
450
 
Increase in cash surrender value of BOLI
   
(712
)
   
(545
)
Deferred income tax provision
   
(1,728
)
   
688
 
Reduction in credit related other than temporary impairment (“OTTI”) amortized through interest income
   
-
     
(26
)
Changes in assets and liabilities:
               
Decrease (Increase)  in other assets
   
3,204
     
(69
)
Increase (Decrease) in other liabilities
   
(4,072
)
   
4,413
 
Net cash provided by Operating activities
   
12,746
     
17,266
 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
               
Proceeds from sales of marketable equity securities
   
393
     
-
 
Proceeds from sales of investment securities available-for-sale
   
-
     
35
 
Proceeds from sales of MBS available-for-sale
   
158,484
     
-
 
Purchases of investment securities available-for-sale
   
-
     
(16
)
Purchases of marketable equity securities
   
(109
)
   
-
 
Purchases of MBS available-for-sale
   
(189,874
)
   
-
 
Acquisition of trading securities
   
-
     
(125
)
Proceeds from calls and principal repayments of MBS available-for-sale
   
25,958
     
13
 
Proceeds from sale of loans held for sale
   
765
     
-
 
Net decrease (increase) in loans
   
93,994
     
(115,759
)
Purchases of fixed assets, net
   
(1,879
)
   
(3,969
)
Sale of FHLBNY capital stock, net
   
7,182
     
3,033
 
Net cash provided by (used in) Investing Activities
   
94,914
     
(116,788
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
               
Increase in due to depositors
   
26,994
     
113,056
 
Increase in escrow and other deposits
   
49,785
     
32,816
 
Repayments of FHLBNY advances
   
(1,034,600
)
   
(404,500
)
Proceeds from FHLBNY advances
   
875,000
     
337,100
 
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
   
290
     
624
 
BMP ESOP shares received to satisfy distribution of retirement benefits
   
(524
)
   
-
 
Cash dividends paid to stockholders, net
   
(5,234
)
   
(5,243
)
Net cash provided by (used in) Financing Activities
   
(88,289
)
   
73,853
 
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
   
19,371
     
(25,669
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, BEGINNING OF PERIOD
   
169,455
     
113,503
 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS, END OF PERIOD
 
$
188,826
   
$
87,834
 
                 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
               
Cash paid for income taxes
 
$
2,928
   
$
1,662
 
Cash paid for interest
   
15,323
     
12,695
 
Loans transferred to held for sale
   
675
     
-
 
Amortization of unrealized loss on securities transferred from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity
   
-
     
25
 
Net decrease in non-credit component of OTTI
   
-
     
8
 

See notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
7

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in Thousands Except Per Share Amounts)

1.   NATURE OF OPERATIONS

Dime Community Bancshares, Inc. (the "Holding Company" and together with its direct and indirect subsidiaries, the "Company") is a Delaware corporation organized by Dime Community Bank (f/k/a The Dime Savings Bank of Williamsburgh) (the "Bank") for the purpose of acquiring all of the capital stock of the Bank issued in the Bank's conversion to stock ownership on June 26, 1996.  At March 31, 2018 the significant assets of the Holding Company were the capital stock of the Bank and investments retained by the Holding Company.  The liabilities of the Holding Company were comprised primarily of $113,649 subordinated notes due in 2027, which become callable commencing in 2022.  The Company is subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

The Bank was originally founded in 1864 as a New York State-chartered mutual savings bank, and currently operates as a New York State-chartered stock savings bank.  Effective August 1, 2016, the Bank changed its name from The Dime Savings Bank of Williamsburgh to Dime Community Bank.  The new name more accurately reflects the Bank’s evolving business model and emphasizes its broader geographic and business reach while retaining the Bank’s mission to be in and of the communities it serves, including the virtual online community.  The Bank’s principal business is gathering deposits from customers within its market area and via the internet, and investing them primarily in multifamily residential, commercial real estate, mixed use, and, to an increasing extent, commercial and industrial (“C&I”) loans, mortgage-backed securities, obligations of the U.S. government and government sponsored enterprises, and corporate debt and equity securities.

The Holding Company neither owns nor leases any property, but instead uses the administrative offices of the Bank, located in the Brooklyn Heights section of the borough of Brooklyn, New York. The Bank maintains its principal office in the Williamsburg section of the borough of Brooklyn, New York.  As of March 31, 2018, the Bank had twenty-nine retail banking offices located throughout the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx, and in Nassau County and Suffolk County, New York.
 
2.   SUMMARY OF ACCOUNTING POLICIES

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's financial condition as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the results of operations and statements of comprehensive income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, and the changes in stockholders' equity and cash flows for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.  The results of operations for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for the remainder of the year ending December 31, 2018.  Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") have been omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC”).

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Please see "Part I - Item 2.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Critical Accounting Policies" for a discussion of areas in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements utilizing significant estimates.

These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2017 and notes thereto contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
8

3.   RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). ASU 2016-02 requires companies that lease valuable assets to recognize on their balance sheets the assets and liabilities generated by contracts longer than a year. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, however, early adoption is permitted. The Company is evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2016-02 on its consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), which requires that the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date be based on historical experience, current condition, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. Financial institutions and other organizations will now use forward-looking information to better measure their credit loss estimates. This guidance also amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. For the Company, this guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 31, 2019. The Company has established a committee that is assessing system requirements, gathering data, and evaluating the impact of the ASU on its consolidated financial statements. The Company expects to recognize a one-time cumulative effect increase to the allowance for loan losses as of the beginning of the reporting period in which the ASU takes effect, however, cannot yet determine the magnitude of the impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-08, Receivables – Nonrefundable Fees and Other Costs (Subtopic 310-20): Premium Amortization on Purchased Callable Debt Securities. ASU 2017-08 shortens the amortization period for certain callable debt securities held at a premium. Specifically, the amendments require the premium to be amortized to the earliest call date. The amendments do not require an accounting change for securities held at a discount; the discount continues to be amortized to maturity. The amendments in this update are effective for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, however, early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2017-08 will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

4.   ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Activity in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, was as follows:

   
Securities Held-
to-Maturity and
Transferred
Securities
   
Securities
Available-for-
Sale
   
Defined Benefit
Plans
   
Derivative
Asset
   
Total
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Gain (Loss)
 
Balance as of January 1, 2018
 
$
-
   
$
285
   
$
(6,633
)
 
$
2,707
   
$
(3,641
)
Reclassification of unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale equity securities (1)
    -       (153 )     -       -       (153
Adjusted balance as of January 1, 2018     -       132       (6,633     2,707       (3,794 )
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
   
-
     
(786
)
   
(88
)
   
1,373
     
499
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
-
     
(922
)
   
192
     
(44
)
   
(744
)
Net other comprehensive income during the period
   
-
     
(1,708
)
   
104
     
1,329
     
(275
)
Reclassification of tax effects on other comprehensive income (2)
   
-
     
-
     
32
     
-
     
32
 
Balance as of March 31, 2018
 
$
-
   
$
(1,576
)
 
$
(6,497
)
 
$
4,036
   
$
(4,037
)
                                         
Balance as of January 1, 2017
 
$
(713
)
 
$
(92
)
 
$
(6,910
)
 
$
1,776
   
$
(5,939
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
   
18
     
65
     
-
     
124
     
207
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss
   
-
     
-
     
171
     
47
     
218
 
Net other comprehensive income during the period
   
18
     
65
     
171
     
171
     
425
 
Balance as of March 31, 2017
 
$
(695
)
 
$
(27
)
 
$
(6,739
)
 
$
1,947
   
$
(5,514
)
 
(1)
Represents the impact of adopting ASU 2016-01 allowing the reclassification of unrealized gains and losses on available-for-sale equity securities from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings.
(2)
Represents the impact of adopting ASU 2018-02 allowing the reclassification of certain stranded income tax effects in accumulated other comprehensive income resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings in each period in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Tax Act”) (or portion thereof) is recorded. The amount of the reclassification is an adjustment for the difference between the historical corporate income tax rate (35%) and the newly enacted 21% corporate income tax rate.
 
9

The before and after tax amounts allocated to each component of other comprehensive income (loss) are presented in the table below for the periods indicated.

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Change in unrealized holding loss on securities held-to-maturity and transferred securities:
           
Accretion of previously recognized non-credit component of OTTI
 
$
-
   
$
9
 
Change in unrealized loss on securities transferred to held-to-maturity
   
-
     
25
 
Net change
   
-
     
34
 
Tax expense
   
-
     
16
 
Net change in unrealized holding loss on securities held-to-maturity and transferred securities
   
-
     
18
 
Change in unrealized holding gain on securities available-for-sale:
               
Change in net unrealized gain during the period
   
(1,188
)
   
120
 
Reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net gain on securities and other assets
   
(1,370
)
   
-
 
Net change
   
(2,558
)
   
120
 
Tax expense (benefit)
   
(850
)
   
55
 
Net change in unrealized holding gain on securities available-for-sale
   
(1,708
)
   
65
 
Change in pension and other postretirement obligations:
               
Reclassification adjustment for expense included in salaries and employee benefits expense
   
286
     
-
 
Change in the net actuarial gain or loss
   
(131
)
   
302
 
Net change
   
155
     
302
 
Tax expense
   
51
     
131
 
Net change in pension and other postretirement obligations
   
104
     
171
 
Change in unrealized loss on derivative asset or liability:
               
Change in net unrealized loss during the period
   
2,081
     
228
 
Reclassification adjustment for expense included in interest expense
   
(65
)
   
87
 
Net change
   
2,016
     
315
 
Tax expense
   
687
     
144
 
Net change in unrealized loss on derivative asset or liability
   
1,329
     
171
 
Other comprehensive income (loss)
 
$
(275
)
 
$
425
 
 
5.   EARNINGS PER SHARE ("EPS")

Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the reporting period.  Diluted EPS is computed using the same method as basic EPS, but reflects the potential dilution that would occur if "in the money" stock options were exercised and converted into Common Stock, and likely aggregate Long-term Incentive Plan (“LTIP”) share payout.  In determining the weighted average shares outstanding for basic and diluted EPS, treasury shares are excluded.  Vested restricted stock award shares are included in the calculation of the weighted average shares outstanding for basic and diluted EPS.  Unvested RSA shares and LTIP shares not yet awarded are recognized as a special class of participating securities under ASC 260.

The following is a reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of basic and diluted EPS for the periods presented:

   
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Net income per the Consolidated Statements of Income
 
$
14,745
   
$
11,157
 
Less: Dividends paid and earnings allocated to participating securities
   
(29
)
   
(25
)
Income attributable to common stock
 
$
14,716
   
$
11,132
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, including participating securities
   
37,495,317
     
37,603,628
 
Less: weighted average participating securities
   
(145,725
)
   
(150,423
)
Weighted average common shares outstanding
   
37,349,592
     
37,453,205
 
Basic EPS
 
$
0.39
   
$
0.30
 
Income attributable to common stock
 
$
14,716
   
$
11,132
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
   
37,349,592
     
37,453,205
 
Weighted average common equivalent shares outstanding
   
115,133
     
96,371
 
Weighted average common and equivalent shares outstanding
   
37,464,725
     
37,549,576
 
Diluted EPS
 
$
0.39
   
$
0.30
 
 
10

Common and equivalent shares resulting from the dilutive effect of "in-the-money" outstanding stock options are calculated based upon the excess of the average market value of the common stock over the exercise price of outstanding in-the-money stock options during the period.

There were no “out-of-the-money” stock options during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

For information about the calculation of expected aggregate LTIP share payout, see Note 14.

6.    REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), on January 1, 2018. Under ASU 2014-09, an entity is required to recognize revenue for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services.  ASU 2014-09 also requires disclosure of sufficient information to enable users of financial statements to understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers, as well as qualitative and quantitative disclosure related to contracts with certain customers, significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from the costs to obtain or fulfill a contract.

In accordance with ASC 606, revenue is recognized when a customer obtains control of promised services. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled to receive in exchange for these services. The Company applies the following five steps to properly recognize revenue:
 
1.
Identify the contract with a customer
2.
Identify the performance obligations in the contract
3.
Determine the transaction price
4.
Allocate the transaction price to performance obligations in the contract
5.
Recognize revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies a performance obligation
 
The Company’s only in-scope revenue stream that is subject to Topic 606 is service fees on deposit accounts (including interchange fees), which is disclosed on the Consolidated Statements of Operations as “Service charges and other fees.”  For the three-month period ended March 31, 2018, total revenues from contracts with customers totaled $911.

Service Charges on Deposit Accounts. The Company earns fees from its deposits customers for transaction-based, account maintenance, and overdraft services. Transaction-based fees, which include services such as ATM use fees, stop payments, statement rendering, and ACH fees, are recognized at the time the transaction is executed as that is the point in time the Company fulfills the customer’s request. Account maintenance fees, which relate primarily to monthly maintenance, are earned over the course of the month, representing the period over which the Company satisfied the performance obligation. Overdraft fees are recognized at the point in time that the overdraft occurs. Service charges on deposits are withdrawn from the customer’s account balance.

Interchange Income. The Company earns interchange fees from debit cardholder transactions conducted through various payment networks. Interchange fees from cardholder transactions represent a percentage of the underlying transaction value and are recognized daily, concurrently with the transaction processing services provide to the cardholder.
 
11

7.   INVESTMENT AND MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITIES

The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 on January 1, 2018. As a result of adoption all registered mutual funds and trading securities were reclassified as marketable equity securities on the Consolidated Statement of Financial Conditions and are recorded at fair value with changes in fair value recorded through the income statement. Additionally, $153 of unrealized gains, net of taxes, was reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income to beginning retained earnings during the three-month period ended March 31, 2018. Marketable equity securities are excluded from the tables for the period ended March 31, 2018.

The following tables summarize the major categories of securities owned by the Company as of the dates indicated:

   
At March 31, 2018
 
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Gross
Unrealized
 Gains
   
Gross
 Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
Debt securities available-for-sale:
                       
Pass-through MBS issued by Government-sponsored Enterprises (“GSEs”)
 
$
239,232
   
$
22
   
$
(1,889
)
 
$
237,365
 
Agency Collateralized Mortgage Obligation (“CMO”)
   
117,541
     
470
     
(966
)
   
117,045
 
Total debt securities available-for-sale
 
$
356,773
   
$
492
   
$
(2,855
)
 
$
354,410
 

   
At December 31, 2017
 
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
Investment securities available-for-sale:
                       
Registered Mutual Funds
 
$
3,779
   
$
311
   
$
(84
)
 
$
4,006
 
Pass-through MBS issued by GSEs
   
72,938
     
16
     
(325
)
   
72,629
 
CMO
   
278,251
     
669
     
(165
)
   
278,755
 
Total investment securities available-for-sale
 
$
354,968
   
$
996
   
$
(574
)
 
$
355,390
 

The carrying amount of securities pledged as collateral for the Bank’s first loss guarantee was $27,084 and $28,738 at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively (see Note 10).

At March 31, 2018, available-for-sale pass-through MBS issued by GSEs possessed a weighted average contractual maturity of 14.6 years and a weighted average estimated duration of 4.2 years.  As of March 31, 2018, the available-for-sale agency CMO securities had a weighted average term to maturity of 10.7 years.

During the three-month period ended September 30, 2017, the Company sold its entire portfolio of investment securities held-to-maturity consisting of six TRUP CDO securities, of which five were deemed to be OTTI. The TRUP CDO portfolio was sold as part of the Company’s strategy to take advantage of investment opportunities. The Company does not intend to classify any securities as held-to-maturity for the foreseeable future. During the three-month period ended March 31, 2017, the Company recognized amortization of $25 of the unamortized portion of unrealized losses that were recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss on September 1, 2008 (the day on which these securities were transferred from available-for-sale to held-to-maturity), and $8 on the unamortized portion of previous credit losses recognized in accumulated other comprehensive loss.

There were no sales of available-for-sale pass-through MBS issued by GSEs during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

Proceeds from the sales of available-for-sale CMOs totaled $158,484 during the three-month period ended March 31, 2018. Gross gains of $1,370 were recognized on these sales. There were no sales of available-for-sale CMOs during the three-month period ended March 31, 2017. The tax expense related to the gain on sales of available for sale CMOs recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 was $440.
 
12

The Company holds marketable equity securities (both investment securities available-for-sale and trading securities as of December 31, 2017) as the underlying mutual fund investments of the BMP, held in a rabbi trust. The Company may sell these securities on a periodic basis in order to pay retirement benefits to plan retirees. There are no gains or losses recognized from the sales of marketable equity securities.  A summary of the sales of marketable equity securities is listed below for the periods indicated:

   
For the Three Months
Ended March 31,
 
   
2018
   
2017
 
Proceeds:
           
Marketable equity securities
 
$
393
   
$
-
 
Investment securities available-for-sale
   
-
     
35
 
Trading securities
   
-
     
-
 

The remaining gain or loss on securities shown in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of income was due to market valuation changes resulting in a loss of $4 on marketable equity securities and a gain of $75 on trading securities for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The following table summarizes the gross unrealized losses and fair value of investment securities aggregated by investment category and the length of time the securities were in a continuous unrealized loss position as of the dates indicated:

   
March 31, 2018
 
   
Less than 12
Consecutive Months
   
12 Consecutive
Months or Longer
   
Total
 
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
 Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
 
Debt securities available-for-sale:
                                   
Pass through MBS issued by GSEs
 
$
215,028
   
$
1,889
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
215,028
   
$
1,889
 
Agency CMO
   
45,534
     
881
     
3,063
     
85
     
48,597
     
966
 
 
   
December 31, 2017
 
   
Less than 12
Consecutive Months
   
12 Consecutive
Months or Longer
   
Total
 
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Losses
 
Investment securities available-for-sale:
                                   
Registered Mutual Funds
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
2,591
   
$
84
   
$
2,591
   
$
84
 
Pass through MBS issued by GSEs
   
55,819
     
325
     
-
     
-
     
55,819
     
325
 
Agency CMO
   
86,746
     
96
     
3,168
     
69
     
89,914
     
165
 

The issuers of debt securities available-for-sale are U.S. government-sponsored entities or agencies. The decline in fair value is attributable to changes in interest rates and illiquidity, and not credit quality. It is likely that the Company will not be required to sell the securities before their anticipated recovery, and as such, the Company does not consider these securities to be other-than-temporarily-impaired at March 31, 2018.
 
8.   LOANS RECEIVABLE AND CREDIT QUALITY

Loans are reported at the principal amount outstanding, net of unearned fees or costs.  Interest income on loans is recorded using the level yield method.  Under this method, discount accretion and premium amortization are included in interest income.  Loan origination fees and certain direct loan origination costs are deferred and amortized as yield adjustments over the contractual loan terms.

Credit Quality Indicators:

On a quarterly basis, the Company categorizes loans into risk categories based on relevant information about the ability of borrowers to service their debt, such as: current financial information, historical payment experience, credit documentation, public information, and current economic trends, among other factors. The Company analyzes loans individually by classifying them as to credit risk.  This analysis includes all loans, such as multifamily residential, mixed use residential (i.e., loans in which the aggregate rental income of the underlying collateral property is generated from both residential and commercial units, but the majority of such income is generated from the residential units), mixed use commercial real estate (i.e., loans in which the aggregate rental income of the underlying collateral property is generated from both residential and commercial units, but the majority of such income is generated from the commercial units), commercial real estate loans, acquisition, development, and construction (“ADC”) loans (which includes land loans), C&I loans, as well as one-to-four family residential and cooperative and condominium apartment loans.
 
13

The Company uses the following definitions for risk ratings:

Special Mention.  Loans classified as special mention have a potential weakness that deserves management's close attention. If left uncorrected, these potential weaknesses may result in deterioration of the repayment prospects for the loan or of the Bank's credit position at some future date.

Substandard.  Loans classified as substandard are inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or of the collateral pledged, if any. Loans so classified have a well-defined weakness or weaknesses that jeopardize the liquidation of the debt. They are characterized by the distinct possibility that the Bank will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected.

Doubtful.  Loans classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified as substandard, with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or liquidation in full, on the basis of then existing facts, conditions, and values, highly questionable and improbable.

The Bank had no loans classified as doubtful as of March 31, 2018 or December 31, 2017. All real estate and C&I loans not classified as Special Mention or Substandard were deemed pass loans at both March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

The following is a summary of the credit risk profile of real estate and C&I loans (including deferred costs) by internally assigned grade as of the dates indicated:

   
Balance at March 31, 2018
 
   
Pass
   
Special
Mention
   
Substandard
   
Doubtful
   
Total
 
Real Estate:
                             
One-to-four family residential, including condominium and cooperative apartment
 
$
61,586
   
$
176
   
$
834
   
$
-
   
$
62,596
 
Multifamily residential and residential mixed-use
   
4,275,143
     
2,409
     
3,399
     
-
     
4,280,951
 
Commercial mixed-use real estate
   
396,584
     
1,343
     
4,242
     
-
     
402,169
 
Commercial real estate
   
598,871
     
1,879
     
4,676
     
-
     
605,426
 
ADC
   
9,413
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
9,413
 
Total real estate
   
5,341,597
     
5,807
     
13,151
     
-
     
5,360,555
 
C&I
   
144,639
     
-
     
1,179
     
-
     
145,818
 
Total Real Estate and C&I
 
$
5,486,236
   
$
5,807
   
$
14,330
   
$
-
   
$
5,506,373
 

   
Balance at December 31, 2017
 
   
Pass
   
Special
Mention
   
Substandard
   
Doubtful
   
Total
 
Real Estate:
                             
One-to-four family residential, including condominium and cooperative apartment
 
$
62,042
   
$
178
   
$
875
   
$
-
   
$
63,095
 
Multifamily residential and residential mixed-use
   
4,374,388
     
6,326
     
466
     
-
     
4,381,180
 
Commercial mixed-use real estate
   
396,647
     
-
     
4,908
     
-
     
401,555
 
Commercial real estate
   
602,448
     
1,897
     
4,703
     
-
     
609,048
 
ADC
   
9,189
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
9,189
 
Total real estate
   
5,444,714
     
8,401
     
10,952
     
-
     
5,464,067
 
C&I
   
136,671
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
136,671
 
Total Real Estate and C&I
 
$
5,581,385
   
$
8,401
   
$
10,952
   
$
-
   
$
5,600,738
 

The following is a summary of the credit risk profile of consumer loans by internally assigned grade:

Grade
 
Balance at
March 31,
2018
   
Balance at
December 31,
2017
 
Performing
 
$
1,052
   
$
1,375
 
Non-accrual
   
1
     
4
 
Total
 
$
1,053
   
$
1,379
 
 
14

The following is a breakdown of the past due status of the Company's investment in loans (excluding accrued interest) as of the dates indicated:

   
At March 31, 2018
 
   
30 to 59 Days
Past Due
   
60 to 89 Days
Past Due
   
Loans 90
Days or More
Past Due and
Still Accruing
 Interest
   
Non-accrual (1)
   
Total Past
Due
   
Current
   
Total Loans
 
Real Estate:
                                         
One-to-four family residential, including condominium and cooperative apartment
 
$
-
   
$
9
   
$
6,150
   
$
449
   
$
6,608
   
$
55,988
   
$
62,596
 
Multifamily residential and residential mixed-use
   
2,946
     
-
     
2,625
     
-
     
5,571
     
4,275,380
     
4,280,951
 
Commercial mixed-use real estate
   
-
     
-
     
669
     
90
     
759
     
401,410
     
402,169
 
Commercial real estate
   
-
     
-
     
4,372
     
-
     
4,372
     
601,054
     
605,426
 
ADC
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
9,413
     
9,413
 
Total real estate
 
$
2,946
   
$
9
   
$
13,816
   
$
539
   
$
17,310
   
$
5,343,245
   
$
5,360,555
 
C&I
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
1,179
   
$
1,179
   
$
144,639
   
$
145,818
 
Consumer
 
$
1
   
$
1
   
$
-
   
$
1
   
$
3
   
$
1,050
   
$
1,053
 
 
(1)
Includes all loans on non-accrual status regardless of the number of days such loans were delinquent as of March 31, 2018.

   
At December 31, 2017
 
   
30 to 59
Days Past
Due
   
60 to 89 Days
Past Due
   
Accruing
Loans 90
Days or More
Past Due
   
Non-accrual (1)
   
Total Past
 Due
   
Current
   
Total Loans
 
Real Estate:
                                         
One-to-four family residential, including condominium and cooperative apartment
 
$
10
   
$
23
   
$
6,397
   
$
436
   
$
6,866
   
$
56,229
   
$
63,095
 
Multifamily residential and residential mixed-use
   
-
     
-
     
1,669
     
-
     
1,669
     
4,379,511
     
4,381,180
 
Commercial mixed-use real estate
   
-
     
-
     
520
     
93
     
613
     
400,942
     
401,555
 
Commercial real estate
   
-
     
-
     
11,349
     
-
     
11,349
     
597,699
     
609,048
 
ADC
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
9,189
     
9,189
 
Total real estate
 
$
10
   
$
23
   
$
19,935
   
$
529
   
$
20,497
   
$
5,443,570
   
$
5,464,067
 
C&I
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
136,671
   
$
136,671
 
Consumer
 
$
4
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
4
   
$
8
   
$
1,371
   
$
1,379
 
 
(1)
Includes all loans on non-accrual status regardless of the number of days such loans were delinquent as of December 31, 2017.

Accruing Loans 90 Days or More Past Due

The Bank continued accruing interest on fourteen real estate loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of $13,816 at March 31, 2018, and fourteen real estate loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of $19,935 at December 31, 2017, all of which were 90 days or more past due on their respective contractual maturity dates. These loans continued to make monthly payments consistent with their initial contractual amortization schedule exclusive of the balloon payments due at maturity.  These loans were well secured, and repayment or refinance is expected, and, therefore, remained on accrual status and were deemed performing assets at the dates indicated above.

Troubled Debt Restructurings ("TDRs")

The following table summarizes outstanding TDRs by underlying collateral types as of the dates indicated:

   
As of March 31, 2018
   
As of December 31, 2017
 
   
No. of Loans
   
Balance
   
No. of Loans
   
Balance
 
One-to-four family residential, including condominium and cooperative apartment
   
1
   
$
20
     
1
   
$
22
 
Multifamily residential and residential mixed-use
   
3
     
604
     
3
     
619
 
Commercial mixed-use real estate
   
1
     
4,152
     
1
     
4,174
 
Commercial real estate
   
1
     
3,279
     
1
     
3,296
 
Total real estate
   
6
   
$
8,055
     
6
   
$
8,111
 
 
15

Accrual status for TDRs is determined separately for each TDR in accordance with the Bank’s policies for determining accrual or non-accrual status.  At the time an agreement is entered into between the Bank and the borrower that results in the Bank's determination that a TDR has been created, the loan can be on either accrual or non-accrual status.  If a loan is on non-accrual status at the time it is restructured, it continues to be classified as non-accrual until the borrower has demonstrated compliance with the modified loan terms for a period of at least six months.  Conversely, if at the time of restructuring the loan is performing (and accruing), it will remain accruing throughout its restructured period, unless the loan subsequently meets any of the criteria for non-accrual status under the Bank’s policy and agency regulations. There were no TDRs on non-accrual status at March 31, 2018 or December 31, 2017.

The Company has not restructured any C&I or consumer loans, as these loan portfolios have not experienced any problem issues warranting restructuring. Therefore, all TDRs were collateralized by real estate at both March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

There were no loans modified in a manner that met the criteria of a TDR during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 or 2017.

As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Bank had no loan commitments to borrowers with outstanding TDRs.

A TDR is considered to be in payment default once it is 90 days contractually past due under the modified terms. All TDRs are considered impaired loans and are evaluated individually for measurable impairment, if any.

There were no TDRs which defaulted within twelve months following the modification during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 or 2017 (thus no impact to the allowance for loan losses during those periods).

Impaired Loans

A loan is considered impaired when, based on then current information and events, it is probable that all contractual amounts due will not be collected in accordance with the terms of the loan.  Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due.  Loans that experience insignificant payment delays or shortfalls generally are not classified as impaired.  Management determines the significance of payment delays and shortfalls on a case-by-case basis, taking into consideration all of the circumstances surrounding the loan and the borrower, including the length of the delay, the reasons for the delay, the borrower’s prior payment record, and the amount of the shortfall in relation to the principal and interest owed.

The Bank considers TDRs and all non-accrual loans, except one-to-four family loans equal to or less than the FNMA conforming loan limits for high-cost areas, such as the Bank's primary lending area, (“FNMA Limits”) and consumer loans, to be impaired.  Non-accrual one-to-four family loans equal to or less than the FNMA Limits and all consumer loans, are considered homogeneous loan pools and are not required to be evaluated individually for impairment unless considered a TDR.

Impairment is typically measured using the difference between the outstanding loan principal balance and either: 1) the likely realizable value of a note sale; 2) the fair value of the underlying collateral, net of likely disposal costs, if repayment is expected to come from liquidation of the collateral; or 3) the present value of estimated future cash flows (using the loan’s pre-modification rate for some of the performing TDRs).  If a TDR is substantially performing in accordance with its restructured terms, management will look to either the potential net liquidation proceeds of the underlying collateral or the present value of the expected cash flows from the debt service in measuring impairment (whichever is deemed most appropriate under the circumstances).  If a TDR has re-defaulted, generally the likely realizable net proceeds from either a note sale or the liquidation of the collateral is considered when measuring impairment. Measured impairment is either charged off immediately or, in limited instances, recognized as an allocated reserve within the allowance for loan losses.

Please refer to Note 8 for tabular information related to impaired loans.
 
16

9.   ALLOWANCE FOR LOAN LOSSES

The allowance for loan losses may consist of specific and general components. At March 31, 2018, the Bank’s periodic evaluation of its allowance for loan losses (specific or general) was comprised of two primary components: (1) impaired loans and (2) pass graded loans. Within these components, the Company has identified the following portfolio segments for purposes of assessing its allowance for loan losses: (1) real estate loans; (2) C&I loans; and (3) consumer loans.  Within these segments, the Bank analyzes the allowance for loan losses based upon the underlying collateral type (classes). Smaller balance homogeneous real estate loans, such as condominium or cooperative apartment and one-to-four family residential real estate loans with balances equal to or less than the FNMA Limits, and consumer loans are collectively evaluated for impairment, and accordingly, are not separately identified for impairment disclosures.

Impaired Loan Component

All loans that are deemed to meet the definition of impaired are individually evaluated for impairment. Impairment is typically measured using the difference between the outstanding loan principal balance and either: (1) the likely realizable value of a note sale; (2) the fair value of the underlying collateral, net of likely disposal costs, if repayment is expected to come from liquidation of the collateral; or (3) the present value of estimated future cash flows (using the loan's pre-modification rate in the case of certain performing TDRs).  For impaired loans on non-accrual status, either of the initial two measurements is utilized.

All TDRs are considered impaired loans and are evaluated individually for measurable impairment, if any.  If a TDR is substantially performing in accordance with its restructured terms, management will look to either the present value of the expected cash flows from the debt service or the potential net liquidation proceeds of the underlying collateral in measuring impairment (whichever is deemed most appropriate under the circumstances). If a TDR has re-defaulted, the likely realizable net proceeds from either a note sale or the liquidation of the collateral are generally considered when measuring impairment.  While measured impairment is generally charged off immediately, impairment attributed to a reduction in the present value of expected cash flows of a performing TDR is generally reflected as an allocated reserve within the allowance for loan losses. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, there were no allocated reserves related to TDRs within the allowance for loan losses.

Non-Impaired Loan Component

The Bank initially looks to the underlying collateral type when determining the allowance for loan losses associated with non-impaired real estate loans.  The following underlying collateral types are analyzed separately: 1) one-to-four family residential and condominium or cooperative apartment; 2) multifamily residential and residential mixed use; 3) commercial mixed use real estate, 4) commercial real estate; 5) ADC; and 6) C&I.  Within the analysis of each underlying collateral type, the following elements are additionally considered and provided weighting in determining the allowance for loan losses for non-impaired real estate loans:

(i)
Charge-off experience (including peer charge-off experience)
(ii)
Economic conditions
(iii)
Underwriting standards or experience
(iv)
Loan concentrations
(v)
Regulatory climate
(vi)
Nature and volume of the portfolio
(vii)
Changes in the quality and scope of the loan review function

The following is a brief synopsis of the manner in which each element is considered:

(i) Charge-off experience - Loans within the non-impaired loan portfolio are segmented by significant common characteristics, against which historical loss rates are applied to reflect probable incurred loss percentages.  The Bank also reviews and considers the charge-off experience of peer banks in its lending marketplace in order to determine whether probable incurred losses that could take a longer period to flow through its allowance for loan losses possibly exist.

(ii) Economic conditions - The Bank assigned a loss allocation to its entire non-impaired real estate loan portfolio based, in part, upon a review of economic conditions affecting the local real estate market. Specifically, the Bank considered both the level of, and recent trends in: 1) the local and national unemployment rate, 2) residential and commercial vacancy rates, 3) real estate sales and pricing, and 4) delinquencies in the Bank’s loan portfolio.
 
17

(iii) Underwriting standards or experience - Underwriting standards are reviewed to ensure that changes in the Bank's lending policies and practices are adequately evaluated for risk and reflected in its analysis of potential credit losses.  Loss expectations associated with changes in the Bank’s lending policies and practices, if any, are then incorporated into the methodology.

(iv) Loan concentrations - The Bank regularly reviews its loan concentrations (borrower, collateral type, location, etc.) in order to ensure that heightened risk has not evolved that has not been captured through other factors.  The risk component of loan concentrations is regularly evaluated for reserve adequacy.

(v) Regulatory climate – Consideration is given to public statements made by the banking regulatory agencies that have a potential impact on the Bank’s loan portfolio and allowance for loan losses.

(vi) Nature and volume of the portfolio – The Bank considers any significant changes in the overall nature and volume of its loan portfolio.

(vii) Changes in the quality and scope of the loan review function – The Bank considers the potential impact upon its allowance for loan losses of any adverse change in the quality and scope of the loan review function.

Consumer Loans

Due to their small individual balances, the Bank does not evaluate individual consumer loans for impairment.  Loss percentages are applied to aggregate consumer loans based upon both their delinquency status and loan type.  These loss percentages are derived from a combination of the Company’s historical loss experience and/or nationally published loss data on such loans.  Consumer loans in excess of 120 days delinquent are typically fully charged off against the allowance for loan losses.

 Reserve for Loan Commitments

At both March 31, 2018 and December 30, 2017, respectively, the Bank maintained a reserve of $25 associated with unfunded loan commitments accepted by the borrower.  This reserve is determined based upon the outstanding volume of loan commitments at each period end.  Any increases or reductions in this reserve are recognized in periodic non-interest expense.
 
18

The following tables present data regarding the allowance for loan losses activity for the periods indicated:

   
At or for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
         
Real Estate Loans
         
Consumer
Loans
 
   
One-to-Four Family
Residential,
Including
Condominium and
Cooperative
Apartment
   
Multifamily
 Residential and
Residential
Mixed-Use
   
Commercial
Mixed-Use
Real Estate
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
ADC
   
Total
Real Estate
     
C&I
 
Beginning balance
 
$
116
   
$
15,219
   
$
1,388
   
$
2,147
   
$
123
   
$
18,993
   
$
2,021
   
$
19
 
Provision (credit) for loan losses
   
-
     
(223
)
   
6
     
(19
)
   
3
     
(233
)
   
424
     
2
 
Charge-offs
   
(15
)
   
-
     
(4
)
   
-
     
-
     
(19
)
   
-
     
(4
)
Recoveries
   
1
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
1
     
-
     
-
 
Ending balance
 
$
102
   
$
14,996
   
$
1,390
   
$
2,128
   
$
126
   
$
18,742
   
$
2,445
   
$
17
 

   
At or for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
   
Real Estate Loans
         
Consumer
Loans
 
   
One- to Four Family
Residential,
Including
Condominium and
Cooperative
Apartment
   
Multifamily
Residential and
Residential
Mixed- Use
   
Commercial
Mixed-Use
Real Estate
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Total
Real Estate
     
C&I
 
Beginning balance
 
$
145
   
$
16,555
   
$
1,698
   
$
2,118
   
$
20,516
   
$
-
   
$
20
 
Provision (credit) for loan losses
   
(4
)
   
134
     
(109
)
   
(23
)
   
(2
)
   
453
     
(1
)
Charge-offs
   
(13
)
   
(69
)
   
-
     
-
     
(82
)
   
-
     
-
 
Recoveries
   
1
     
45
     
-
     
4
     
50
     
-
     
-
 
Ending balance
 
$
129
   
$
16,665
   
$
1,589
   
$
2,099
   
$
20,482
   
$
453
   
$
19
 
 
19

The following tables present the balance in the allowance for loan losses and the recorded investment in loans by portfolio segment and based on impairment evaluation method as of the dates indicated:

   
At March 31, 2018
 
         
Real Estate Loans
     
C&I
 
 
Consumer
Loans
 
   
One-to-Four Family
Residential,
Including
Condominium and
Cooperative
Apartment
   
Multifamily
Residential and
Residential
Mixed-Use
   
Commercial
Mixed-Use
Real Estate
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
ADC
   
Total
Real Estate
 
Allowance for loan losses:
                                                 
Individually evaluated for impairment
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
294
   
$
-
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
102
     
14,996
     
1,390
     
2,128
     
126
     
18,742
     
2,151
     
17
 
Total ending allowance balance
 
$
102
   
$
14,996
   
$
1,390
   
$
2,128
   
$
126
   
$
18,742
   
$
2,445
   
$
17
 
                                                                 
Loans:
                                                               
Individually evaluated for impairment
 
$
20
   
$
604
   
$
4,242
   
$
3,279
   
$
-
   
$
8,145
   
$
1,179
   
$
-
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
62,576
     
4,280,347
     
397,927
     
602,147
     
9,413
     
5,352,410
     
144,639
     
1,053
 
Total ending loans balance
 
$
62,596
   
$
4,280,951
   
$
402,169
   
$
605,426
   
$
9,413
   
$
5,360,555
   
$
145,818
   
$
1,053
 

   
At December 31, 2017
 
         
Real Estate Loans
         
Consumer
Loans
 
   
One-to-Four Family
Residential,
Including
Condominium and
Cooperative
Apartment
   
Multifamily
Residential and
Residential
Mixed-Use
   
Commercial
Mixed-Use
Real Estate
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
ADC
   
Total Real Estate
     
C&I
 
Allowance for loan losses:
                                                 
Individually evaluated for impairment
 
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
116
     
15,219
     
1,388
     
2,147
     
123
     
18,993
     
2,021
     
19
 
Total ending allowance balance
 
$
116
   
$
15,219
   
$
1,388
   
$
2,147
   
$
123
   
$
18,993
   
$
2,021
   
$
19
 
                                                                 
Loans:
                                                               
Individually evaluated for impairment
 
$
22
   
$
619
   
$
4,267
   
$
3,296
   
$
-
   
$
8,204
   
$
-
   
$
-
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
63,073
     
4,380,561
     
397,288
     
605,752
     
9,189
     
5,455,863
     
136,671
     
1,379
 
Total ending loans balance
 
$
63,095
   
$
4,381,180
   
$
401,555