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Section 1: 10-Q (FORM 10-Q)

Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 

(Mark One)
☒    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
OR
☐    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
​    For the transition period from                  to                 

001-36844
(Commission file number)
 
GREAT AJAX CORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Maryland
State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation or organization
47-1271842
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
9400 SW Beaverton-Hillsdale Hwy,
Suite 131
Beaverton, OR 97005
(Address of principal executive offices)
97005
(Zip Code)
503-505-5670
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes☒ No☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes☒ No☐
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (check one):
Large accelerated filer ☐
Accelerated filer ☒
Non-accelerated filer ☐ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ☐
Emerging Growth Company ý
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected note to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☒
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o No☒
As of May 1, 2018, 18,698,420 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, were outstanding, which includes 624,106 operating partnership units that are exchangeable on a one-for-one basis into shares of the registrant’s common stock.
 



TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


i


PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.    Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
($ in thousands except shares and per share data)
March 31, 2018

December 31, 2017
ASSETS
(Unaudited)


Cash and cash equivalents
$
47,459


$
53,721

Cash held in trust
26


301

Mortgage loans, net(1,4)
1,247,213


1,253,541

Property held-for-sale, net(2)
23,769


24,947

Rental property, net
5,228


1,284

Investment in debt securities
6,218


6,285

Receivable from servicer
18,627


17,005

Investment in affiliates
8,727


7,020

Loans purchase deposit


26,740

Prepaid expenses and other assets
5,318


4,894

Total assets
$
1,362,585


$
1,395,738

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Secured borrowings, net(1,3,4)
$
662,494


$
694,040

Borrowings under repurchase transactions
273,199


276,385

Convertible senior notes, net(3)
102,764


102,571

Management fee payable
762


750

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
3,723


4,554

Total liabilities
1,042,942


1,078,300

Commitments and contingencies – see Note 7

 

Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock $0.01 par value; 25,000,000 shares authorized, none issued or outstanding



Common stock $0.01 par value; 125,000,000 shares authorized, 18,686,420 shares at March 31, 2018 and 18,588,228 shares at December 31, 2017 issued and outstanding
187


186

Additional paid-in capital
256,512


254,847

Retained earnings
37,615


35,556

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(343
)

(233
)
Equity attributable to stockholders
293,971


290,356

Non-controlling interests(5)
25,672


27,082

Total equity
319,643


317,438

Total liabilities and equity
$
1,362,585


$
1,395,738

 
​(1)
Mortgage loans, net include $954,282 and $996,203 of loans at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, transferred to securitization trusts that are variable interest entities (“VIEs”); these loans can only be used to settle obligations of the VIEs. Secured borrowings consist of notes issued by VIEs that can only be settled with the assets and cash flows of the VIEs. The creditors do not have recourse to the primary beneficiary (Great Ajax Corp.). See Note 8 — Debt.
(2)
Property held-for-sale, net, includes valuation allowances of $1,878 and $1,784 at March 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively.
(3)
Secured borrowings and convertible senior notes are presented net of deferred issuance costs.
​(4)
As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, balances for Mortgage loans, net include $174.6 million and $177.1 million, respectively, and Secured borrowings, net of deferred costs includes $75.9 million and $88.4 million, respectively, from a 50% owned joint venture which we consolidate under U.S. GAAP.
(5)
Non-controlling interests includes $12.6 million and $14.0 million, respectively, from a 50% owned joint venture, which we consolidate under U.S. GAAP.

1


GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended
($ in thousands except shares and per share data )
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
INCOME
 
 
 
Interest income
$
25,591

 
$
20,807

Interest expense
(12,494
)
 
(7,651
)
Net interest income
13,097

 
13,156

Income from investment in Manager
135

 
49

Other income
1,511

 
462

Total income
14,743

 
13,667

EXPENSE
 
 
 
Related party expense – loan servicing fees
2,469

 
1,881

Related party expense – management fee
1,532

 
1,072

Loan transaction expense
355

 
525

Professional fees
609

 
480

Real estate operating expenses
449

 
324

Other expense
991

 
686

Total expense
6,405

 
4,968

Income before provision for income taxes
8,338

 
8,699

Provision for income taxes
16

 
1

Consolidated net income
8,322


8,698

Less: consolidated net income attributable to the non-controlling interest
657

 
289

Consolidated net income attributable to common stockholders
$
7,665

 
$
8,409

Basic earnings per common share
$
0.41

 
$
0.46

Diluted earnings per common share
$
0.38

 
$
0.46

Weighted average shares – basic
18,508,089

 
17,976,710

Weighted average shares – diluted
26,395,158

 
18,791,231



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated interim financial statements.
2


GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
($ in thousands)
 
2018
 
2017
Consolidated net income attributable to common stockholders
 
$
7,665

 
$
8,409

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
Net unrealized (loss) on investment, net of non-controlling interest
 
(110
)
 
(140
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
7,555

 
$
8,269





The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated interim financial statements.
3


GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
($ in thousands)
Three months ended
March 31, 2018
 
March 31, 2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Consolidated net income
$
8,322

 
$
8,698

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities
 
 
 
Stock-based management fee and compensation expense
985

 
523

Non-cash interest income accretion
(9,917
)
 
(9,840
)
Discount accretion on investment in debt securities
(43
)
 
(72
)
Gain on sale of property held-for-sale
(582
)
 
(109
)
Depreciation of property
22

 
9

Impairment of real estate owned
408

 
309

Amortization of debt discount and prepaid financing costs
1,348

 
1,200

Undistributed income from investment in affiliates
(192
)
 
(139
)
Net change in operating assets and liabilities
 
 
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(561
)
 
(205
)
Receivable from servicer
(1,751
)
 
(1,377
)
Accrued expenses, management fee payable, and other liabilities
(819
)
 
(566
)
Net cash from operating activities
(2,780
)
 
(1,569
)
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchase of mortgage loans and related balances
(17,566
)
 
(5,572
)
Principal paydowns on mortgage loans
30,100

 
21,306

Proceeds from sale of mortgage loans

 
4,171

Loans purchase refund
26,690

 

Purchase of rental property
(3,463
)
 

Proceeds from sale of property held-for-sale
4,807

 

Investment in Great Ajax FS
(1,072
)
 

Draws on SBC loans
(117
)
 

Distribution from affiliates
185

 
68

Net cash from investing activities
39,564

 
19,973

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from repurchase transactions
13,315

 
34

Repayments on repurchase transactions
(16,501
)
 
(4,677
)
Repayments on secured borrowings
(32,431
)
 
(15,455
)
Deferred financing costs
(83
)
 

Sale of common stock pursuant to dividend reinvestment plan
52

 
33

Distribution to non-controlling interest
(2,067
)
 
(157
)
Dividends paid on common stock
(5,606
)
 
(4,536
)
Net cash from financing activities
(43,321
)
 
(24,758
)
NET CHANGE IN CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS, AND CASH HELD IN TRUST
(6,537
)
 
(6,354
)
CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND CASH HELD IN TRUST, beginning of period
54,022

 
36,908

CASH, CASH EQUIVALENTS AND CASH HELD IN TRUST, end of period
$
47,485

 
$
30,554

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
13,643

 
$
6,245

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF NONCASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Transfer of loans to rental property or property held-for-sale
$
3,958

 
$
8,100

Issuance of common stock for management fee and compensation expense
$
985

 
$
523

Issuance of shares for Great Ajax FS
$
629

 
$

Non-cash adjustments to basis in mortgage loans
$
188

 
$
350

Unrealized loss on available for sale debt securities
$
110

 
$
140


The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated interim financial statements.
4


GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(Unaudited)
($ in thousands)
Common
Stock shares
 
Common stock amount
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
 
Non-controlling
Interest
 
Total
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2016
18,122,387

 
$
181

 
$
244,880

 
$
27,231

 
$

 
$
272,292

 
$
10,431

 
$
282,723

Net income

 

 

 
8,409

 

 
8,409

 
289

 
8,698

Issuance of shares under dividend reinvestment plan
2,599

 

 
33

 

 

 
33

 

 
33

Stock-based management fee expense
20,352

 

 
322

 

 

 
322

 

 
322

Stock-based compensation expense
1,660

 

 
201

 

 

 
201

 

 
201

Dividends and distributions

 

 

 
(4,536
)
 

 
(4,536
)
 
(157
)
 
(4,693
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(140
)
 
(140
)
 

 
(140
)
Balance at March 31, 2017
18,146,998

 
$
181

 
$
245,436

 
$
31,104

 
$
(140
)
 
$
276,581

 
$
10,563

 
$
287,144

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
18,588,228

 
$
186

 
$
254,847

 
$
35,556

 
$
(233
)
 
$
290,356

 
$
27,082

 
$
317,438

Net income

 

 

 
7,665

 

 
7,665

 
657

 
8,322

Issuance of shares for Great Ajax FS
45,938

 
1

 
628

 

 

 
629

 

 
629

Issuance of shares under dividend reinvestment plan
3,838

 

 
52

 

 

 
52

 

 
52

Stock-based management fee expense
48,654

 

 
763

 

 

 
763

 

 
763

Stock-based compensation expense
(238
)
 

 
222

 

 

 
222

 

 
222

Dividends and distributions

 

 

 
(5,606
)
 

 
(5,606
)
 
(2,067
)
 
(7,673
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(110
)
 
(110
)
 

 
(110
)
Balance at March 31, 2018
18,686,420

 
$
187

 
$
256,512

 
$
37,615

 
$
(343
)
 
$
293,971

 
$
25,672

 
$
319,643



The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated interim financial statements.
5


GREAT AJAX CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED INTERM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
March 31, 2018
(Unaudited)
Note 1 — Organization and Basis of Presentation
Great Ajax Corp., a Maryland corporation (the “Company”), is an externally managed real estate company formed on January 30, 2014, and capitalized on March 28, 2014, by its then sole stockholder, Aspen Yo (“Aspen”), a company affiliated with Aspen Capital, the trade name for the Aspen group of companies. The Company was formed to facilitate capital raising activities and to operate as a mortgage real estate investment trust (“REIT”). The Company primarily targets acquisitions of re-performing loans (“RPLs”) including residential mortgage loans and small balance commercial mortgage loans (“SBC loans”) and originations of SBC loans. RPLs are mortgage loans on which at least five of the seven most recent payments have been made, or the most recent payment has been made and accepted pursuant to an agreement, or the full dollar amount, to cover at least five payments has been paid in the last seven months. The SBC loans that the Company intends to opportunistically target, through acquisitions, or originations, generally have a principal balance of up to $5.0 million and are secured by multi-family residential and commercial mixed use retail/residential properties on which at least five of the seven most recent payments have been made, or the most recent payment has been made and accepted pursuant to an agreement, or the full dollar amount to cover at least five payments has been paid in the last seven months. Additionally, the Company may invest in single-family and smaller commercial properties directly either through a foreclosure event of a loan in its mortgage portfolio or, less frequently, through a direct acquisition. The Company may also target investments in non-performing loans (“NPL”). NPLs are loans on which the most recent three payments have not been made. The Company may acquire NPLs, either directly or with joint venture partners if attractive opportunities exist. The Company’s manager is Thetis Asset Management LLC (the “Manager” or “Thetis”), an affiliated company. The Company owns 19.8% of the Manager and 4.9% of Great Ajax Financial Services ("GAFS" or "The Parent of our Servicer") which owns Gregory Funding LLC, the Company's Servicer. The Company’s mortgage loans and real properties are serviced by Gregory Funding LLC ("Gregory" or the "Servicer"), also an affiliated company. The Company has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).
The Company conducts substantially all of its business through its operating partnership, Great Ajax Operating Partnership L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), and its subsidiaries. The Company, through a wholly owned subsidiary, is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. GA-TRS is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership that owns the equity interest in the Manager and the Servicer. The Company elected to treat GA-TRS as a taxable REIT subsidiary (“TRS”) under the Code. Great Ajax Funding LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership formed to act as the depositor of mortgage loans into securitization trusts and to hold the subordinated securities issued by such trusts and any additional trusts the Company may form for additional secured borrowings. The Company generally securitizes its mortgage loans through securitization trusts and retains subordinated securities from the secured borrowings. These trusts are considered to be VIEs, and the Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of the VIEs. AJX Mortgage Trust I and AJX Mortgage Trust II are wholly owned subsidiaries of the Operating Partnership formed to hold mortgage loans used as collateral for financings under the Company’s repurchase agreements. In addition, the Company, through its Operating Partnership, holds real estate owned properties (“REO”) acquired upon the foreclosure or other settlement of its owned NPLs, as well as through outright purchases. GAJX Real Estate LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership formed to own, maintain, improve and sell REO properties purchased by the Company. The Company has elected to treat GAJX Real Estate LLC as a TRS under the Code.
In February 2018, the Company formed AJX Commercial Properties I to hold multi-family residential properties held as rentals. AJX Commercial Properties I is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Operating Partnership.
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
The consolidated interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto for the period ended December 31, 2017, included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on March 8, 2018.
Interim financial statements are unaudited and prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the requirements for reporting on Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring accruals considered necessary for the fair presentation of consolidated financial statements for the interim period presented, have been included. The current period’s results of operations will not necessarily be indicative of results that ultimately may be achieved for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2018. The consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP, as contained within the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC, as applied to interim financial statements.
The Company consolidates the results and balances of securitization trusts which are established to provide debt financing to the Company. The Company also consolidates the results and balances of two subsidiaries with ownership interests

6


held by third parties. AS Ajax E II LLC ("AS Ajax E II") holds a 5.0% interest in a Delaware trust that was formed to own residential mortgage loans and residential real estate assets; it is 53.1% owned by the Company. Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2017-D ("2017-D") is a securitization trust which holds mortgage loans, REO property and secured debt; it is 50% owned by the Company. The Company recognizes a non-controlling interest in its consolidated financial statements for the amount of the investment and income due to the third party investors in both AS Ajax E II and 2017-D. All controlled subsidiaries are included in the consolidated financial statements and all intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The Operating Partnership is a majority owned partnership that has a non-controlling ownership interest that is included in non-controlling interests on the consolidated Balance Sheet. As of March 31, 2018, the Company owned 96.8% of the outstanding operating partnership units ("OP Units") and the remaining 3.2% of the OP Units are owned by an unaffiliated holder.
The Company’s 19.8% investment in the Manager and 4.9% investment in GAFS are accounted for using the equity method because the Company exercises significant influence on the operations of these entities through common officers and directors. There is no traded or quoted price for the interests in the Manager, the Servicer, or the Parent of the Servicer since each is privately held.
The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. The Company considers significant estimates to include expected cash flows from mortgage loans and fair value measurements, and the net realizable value of REO properties held-for-sale.

Note 2 — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Mortgage loans
Purchased mortgage loans are initially recorded at the purchase price, net of any acquisition fees or costs at the time of acquisition and are considered asset acquisitions. As part of the determination of the bid price for mortgage loans, the Company uses a proprietary discounted cash flow valuation model to project expected cash flows, and consider alternate loan resolution probabilities, including liquidation or conversion to REO. Observable inputs to the model include interest rates, loan amounts, status of payments and property types. Unobservable inputs to the model include discount rates, forecast of future home prices, alternate loan resolution probabilities, resolution timelines, the value of underlying properties and other economic and demographic data.
Loans acquired with deterioration in credit quality
The loans acquired by the Company have generally suffered some credit deterioration subsequent to origination. As a result, the Company is required to account for the mortgage loans pursuant to ASC 310-30, Accounting for Loans with Deterioration in Credit Quality. The Company’s recognition of interest income for loans within the scope of ASC 310-30 is based upon its having a reasonable expectation of the amount and timing of the cash flows expected to be collected. When the timing and amount of cash flows expected to be collected are reasonably estimable, the Company uses expected cash flows to apply the interest method of income recognition.
Under ASC 310-30, acquired loans may be aggregated and accounted for as a pool of loans if the loans have common risk characteristics. A pool is accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and an aggregate expectation of cash flows. RPLs have been determined to have common risk characteristics and are accounted for as a single loan pool for loans acquired within each three-month calendar quarter. Similarly, NPLs have been determined to have common risk characteristics and are accounted for as a single non-performing pool for loans acquired within each three-month calendar quarter. Excluded from the aggregate pools are loans that pay in full subsequent to the acquisition closing date but prior to pooling. Any gain or loss on these loans is recognized as Interest income in the period the loan pays in full.
The Company’s accounting for loans under ASC 310-30 gives rise to an accretable yield and a non-accretable amount. The excess of all undiscounted cash flows expected to be collected at acquisition over the initial investment in the loans is the accretable yield. Cash flows expected at acquisition include all cash flows directly related to the acquired loan, including those expected from the underlying collateral. The Company recognizes the accretable yield as Interest income on a prospective level yield basis over the life of the pool. The excess of a loan’s contractually required payments over the amount of cash flows expected at the acquisition is the non-accretable amount. The Company’s expectation of the amount of undiscounted cash flows expected to be collected is evaluated at the end of each calendar quarter. If the Company expects to collect greater cash flows over the life of the pool, the accretable yield amount increases and the expected yield to maturity is adjusted on a prospective basis. A provision for loan losses is established when it is probable the Company will not collect all amounts previously estimated to be collectible. Management assesses the credit quality of the portfolio and the adequacy of loan loss reserves on a quarterly basis, or more frequently as necessary. Significant judgment is required in this analysis. Depending on the expected

7


recovery of its investment, the Company considers the estimated net recoverable value of the loan pools as well as other factors, such as the fair value of the underlying collateral. When a loan pool is determined to be impaired, the amount of loss accrual is calculated by comparing the recorded investment to the value determined by discounting the expected future cash flows at the loan pool’s effective interest rate or the fair value of the underlying collateral. Because these determinations are based upon projections of future economic events, which are inherently subjective, the amounts ultimately realized may differ materially from the carrying value as of the reporting date.
     Borrower payments on the Company’s mortgage loans are classified as principal, interest, payments of fees, or escrow deposits. Amounts applied as interest on the borrower account are similarly classified as interest for accounting purposes and are classified as operating cash flows in the Company’s consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Amounts applied as principal on the borrower account are similarly classified as principal for accounting purposes and are classified as investing cash flows in the consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Amounts received as payments of fees are recorded in Other income and classified as operating cash flows in the consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. Escrow deposits are recorded on the Servicer’s Balance Sheet and do not impact the Company’s cash flow.
Loans acquired or originated that have not experienced a deterioration in credit quality
While the Company generally acquires loans that have experienced deterioration in credit quality, it does acquire or originate loans that have not experienced a deterioration in credit quality. The Company recognizes any related loan discount and deferred expenses pursuant to ASC 310-20 by amortizing these amounts over the life of the loan.
Accrual of interest on individual loans is discontinued when management believes that, after considering economic and business conditions and collection efforts, the borrower’s financial condition is such that collection of interest is doubtful. The Company’s policy is to stop accruing interest when a loan’s delinquency exceeds 90 days. All interest accrued but not collected for loans that are placed on non-accrual status or subsequently charged-off are reversed against Interest income. Income is subsequently recognized on the cash basis until, in management’s judgment, the borrower’s ability to make periodic principal and interest payments returns and future payments are reasonably assured, in which case the loan is returned to accrual status.
An individual loan is considered to be impaired when, based on current events and conditions, it is probable the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due (both principal and interest) according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Impaired loans are carried at the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate, the loan’s market price, or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent. For individual loans, a troubled debt restructuring is a formal restructuring of a loan where, for economic or legal reasons related to the borrower’s financial difficulties, a concession that would not otherwise be considered is granted to the borrower. The concession may be granted in various forms, including providing a below-market interest rate, a reduction in the loan balance or accrued interest, an extension of the maturity date, or a combination of these. An individual loan that has had a troubled debt restructuring is considered to be impaired and is subject to the relevant accounting for impaired loans. Loans are tested quarterly for impairment and impairment reserves are recorded to the extent the net realizable value of the underlying collateral falls below net book value.
If necessary, an allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses charged to expenses. The allowance is an amount that management believes will be adequate to absorb probable losses on existing loans that may become uncollectible, based on evaluations of the collectability of loans.
Real Estate
The Company acquires REO properties directly through purchases, or when it forecloses on the borrower and takes title to the underlying property or the borrower surrenders the deed in lieu of foreclosure. Property is recorded at cost if purchased, or at the present value of future cash flows if obtained through foreclosure by the Company. Property that the Company expects to actively market for sale is classified as held-for-sale. Property held-for-sale is carried at the lower of its acquisition basis or net realizable value (fair market value less expected selling costs, and any additional costs necessary to prepare the property for sale). Fair market value is determined based on broker price opinions (“BPOs”), appraisals, or other market indicators of fair value including list price or contract price. Net unrealized losses due to changes in market value are recognized through a valuation allowance by charges to income through real estate operating expenses. No depreciation or amortization expense is recognized on properties held-for-sale, and all holding costs are expensed as incurred.
Rental property is property not held-for-sale. Rental properties are intended to be held as long-term investments but may eventually be reclassified as held-for-sale. Property is generally held for investment as rental property if the cash flows from use as a rental exceed the present value of expected cash flows from a sale. Depreciation is provided for using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets of three to 39 years. The Company performs an impairment analysis for all rental property using estimated cash flows if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may be impaired, such as prolonged vacancy, identification of materially adverse legal or environmental factors, changes in

8


expected ownership period or a decline in market value to an amount less than cost. This analysis is performed at the property level. The cash flows are estimated based on a number of assumptions that are subject to economic and market uncertainties including, among others, demand for rental properties, competition for customers, changes in market rental rates, costs to operate each property and expected ownership periods.
Renovations are performed by the Servicer, and those costs are then reimbursed to the Servicer. Any renovations on properties which the Company elects to hold as rental properties are capitalized as part of the property’s basis and depreciated over the remaining estimated useful life of the property. The Company may perform property renovations to maximize the value of a property for either its rental strategy or for resale.
Secured Borrowings
The Company, through securitization trusts, issues callable debt secured by its mortgage loans in the ordinary course of business. The secured borrowings are structured as debt financings, and the loans remain on the Company’s consolidated Balance Sheet as the Company is the primary beneficiary of the securitization trusts which are VIEs. These secured borrowing VIEs are structured as pass through entities that receive principal and interest on the underlying mortgages and distribute those payments to the holders of the notes. The Company’s exposure to the obligations of the VIEs is generally limited to its investments in the entities; the creditors do not have recourse to the primary beneficiary. Coupon interest on the debt is recognized using the accrual method of accounting. Deferred issuance costs, including original issue discount and debt issuance costs, are carried on the Company’s consolidated Balance Sheets as a deduction from Secured borrowings, and are amortized on an effective yield basis based on the underlying cash flow of the mortgage loans. The Company assumes the debt will be called at the specified call date for purposes of amortizing discount and issuance costs because the Company believes it will have the intent and ability to call the debt on the call date. Changes in the actual or projected underlying cash flows are reflected in the timing and amount of deferred issuance cost amortization.
Repurchase Facilities
The Company enters into repurchase financing facilities under which it nominally sells assets to a counterparty and simultaneously enters into an agreement to repurchase the sold assets at a price equal to the sold amount plus an interest factor. Despite being legally structured as sales and subsequent repurchases, repurchase transactions are generally accounted for as debt secured by the underlying assets. At the maturity of a repurchase financing, unless the repurchase financing is renewed, the Company is required to repay the borrowing including any accrued interest and concurrently receives back its pledged collateral from the lender. The repurchase financings are treated as collateralized financing transactions; pledged assets are recorded as assets in the Company’s consolidated Balance Sheets, and debt is recognized at the contractual amount. Interest is recorded at the contractual amount on an accrual basis. Costs associated with the set-up of a repurchasing contract are recorded as deferred issuance cost at inception and amortized over the contractual life of the agreement. Any draw fees associated with individual transactions and any facility fees assessed on the amounts outstanding are recorded as deferred costs when incurred and amortized over the contractual life of the related borrowing.
Convertible Senior Notes
On April 25, 2017, the Company completed the public offer and sale of $87.5 million in aggregate principal amount of its convertible senior notes (the “notes”) due 2024, with a follow-on offering of an additional $20.5 million in aggregate principal amount completed on August 18, 2017, which, combined with the notes from the April offering, form a single series of securities. The notes bear interest at a rate of 7.25% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears on January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15 of each year. The notes will mature on April 30, 2024, unless earlier converted or redeemed. During certain periods and subject to certain conditions the notes will be convertible by their holders into shares of the Company’s common stock at a conversion rate of 1.6315 shares of common stock per $25.00 principal amount of the notes, which represents a conversion price of approximately $15.32 per share of common stock. The conversion rate, and thus the conversion price, may be subject to adjustment under certain circumstances.
Coupon interest on the notes is recognized using the accrual method of accounting. Discount and deferred issuance costs are carried on the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as a deduction from the notes, and are amortized to interest expense on an effective yield basis through April 30, 2023, the date at which the notes can be converted. The Company assumes the debt will be converted at the specified conversion date for purposes of amortizing issuance costs because the Company believes such conversion will be in the economic interest of the holders. A discount of $2.7 million, representing the fair value of the embedded conversion feature, was recorded to stockholders’ equity. No sinking fund has been established for redemption of the principal.
Management Fee and Expense Reimbursement
The Company is a party to the Management Agreement with the Manager, which has a 15-year term, expiring on July 8, 2029. Under the Management Agreement, the Manager implements the Company’s business strategy and manages the Company’s business and investment activities and day-to-day operations, subject to oversight by the Company’s Board of

9


Directors. Among other services, the Manager, directly or through Aspen affiliates, provides the Company with a management team and necessary administrative and support personnel. Additionally, the Company pays directly for the internal audit function which reports directly to the Audit Committee and the Board of Directors. The Company does not currently have any employees that it pays directly and does not expect to have any employees that it pays directly in the foreseeable future. Each of the Company’s executive officers is an employee or officer, or both, of the Manager or the Servicer.
Under the Management Agreement by and between the Company and the Manager as amended and restated on October 27, 2015, the Company pays a quarterly base management fee based on its stockholders’ equity, including equity equivalents such as the Company's recent issuance of convertible senior notes, and a quarterly incentive management fee based on its cash distributions to its stockholders. Manager fees are expensed in the quarter incurred and the portion payable in common stock is included in stockholders’ equity at quarter end. See Note 9 — Related party transactions.
Servicing Fees
On July 8, 2014, the Company entered into a 15-year Servicing Agreement (the “Servicing Agreement”) with the Servicer. Under the Servicing Agreement by and between the Company and the Servicer, the Servicer receives an annual servicing fee rate of 0.65% annually of the Unpaid Principal Balance (“UPB”) for loans that are re-performing at acquisition and 1.25% of UPB for loans that are non-performing at acquisition. For certain of the Company’s joint ventures, the Servicing fee rate for RPLs is reduced to an annual servicing fee rate of 0.42% annually on a loan-by-loan basis for any loan that makes seven consecutive payments. Servicing fees are paid monthly. The total fees incurred by the Company for these services depend upon the UPB and type of mortgage loans that the Servicer services pursuant to the terms of the servicing agreement. The fees do not change if a re-performing loan becomes non-performing or vice versa. Servicing fees for the Company’s real property assets are the greater of (i) the servicing fee applicable to the underlying mortgage loan prior to foreclosure, or (ii) 1.00% annually of the fair market value of the REO as reasonably determined by the Manager or 1.00% annually of the purchase price of any REO otherwise purchased by the Company. The Servicer is reimbursed for all customary, reasonable and necessary out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred in the performance of its obligations, including the actual cost of any repairs and renovations undertaken on the Company’s behalf. The total fees incurred by the Company for these services will be dependent upon the UPB and type of mortgage loans that the Servicer services, property values, previous UPB of the relevant loan, and the number of REO properties. The Servicing Agreement will automatically renew for successive one-year terms, subject to prior written notice of non-renewal. In certain cases, the Company may be obligated to pay a termination fee. The Management Agreement will automatically terminate at the same time as the Servicing Agreement if the Servicing Agreement is terminated for any reason. See Note 9 — Related party transactions.
Stock-based Payments
A portion of the management fee is payable in cash, and a portion of the management fee is in shares of the Company’s common stock, which are issued to the Manager in a private placement and are restricted securities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Shares issued to the Manager are determined based on the higher of the most recently reported book value or the average of the closing prices of our common stock on the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) on the five business days after the date on which the most recent regular quarterly dividend to holders of our common stock is paid. Management fees paid in common stock are recognized as an expense in the quarter incurred and recorded in equity at quarter end.
Under the Company’s 2014 Director Equity Plan (the “Director Plan”), the Company may make stock-based awards to its directors. The Director Plan is designed to promote the Company’s interests by attracting and retaining qualified and experienced individuals for service as non-employee directors. The Director Plan is administered by the Company’s Board of Directors. The total number of shares of common stock or other stock-based award, including grants of long-term incentive plan units (“LTIP Units”) from the Operating Partnership, available for issuance under the Director Plan is 90,000 shares. The Company has issued to each of its independent directors restricted stock awards of 2,000 shares of its common stock upon joining the Board of Directors, which are subject to a one-year vesting period. In addition, each of the Company’s independent directors receives an annual fee of $75,000. The fee is payable quarterly, half in shares of the Company’s common stock and half in cash. Stock-based expense for the directors’ annual fee is expensed as earned, in equal quarterly amounts during the year, and recorded in equity at quarter end.
On June 7, 2016, the Company’s stockholders approved the 2016 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2016 Plan”) to attract and retain non-employee directors, executive officers, key employees and service providers, including officers and employees of the Company’s affiliates. The 2016 Plan authorized the issuance of up to 5% of the Company’s outstanding shares from time to time on a fully diluted basis (assuming, if applicable, the exercise of all outstanding options and the conversion of all warrants and convertible senior notes, including OP Units and LTIP Units, into shares of common stock). Grants of restricted stock to officers of the Company use grant date fair value of the stock as the basis for measuring the cost of the grant. The cost of grants of restricted stock to employees of the Company’s affiliates is determined using the stock price as of the date at which the counterparty's performance is complete. Forfeitures are accounted for in the period in which they occur. The shares vest

10


over three years, with one third of the shares vesting on each of the first, second and third anniversaries of the grant date. The shares may not be sold until the third anniversary of the grant date.
Directors’ Fees
The expense related to directors’ fees is accrued, and the portion payable in common stock is reflected in consolidated Stockholders’ equity in the period in which it is incurred.
Variable Interest Entities
In the normal course of business, the Company enters into various types of transactions with special purpose entities, which have primarily consisted of trusts established for the Company’s secured borrowings (See “Secured Borrowings” above and Note 8 to the consolidated Financial Statements). Additionally, from time to time, the Company may enter into joint ventures with unrelated entities. The Company evaluates each transaction and its resulting beneficial interest to determine if the entity formed pursuant to the transaction should be classified as a VIE. If an entity created in a transaction meets the definition of a VIE and the Company determines that it or a consolidated subsidiary is the primary beneficiary, the Company will include the entity in its consolidated financial statements.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased are considered cash equivalents. The Company generally maintains cash and cash equivalents at insured banking institutions with minimum assets of $1 billion. Certain account balances exceed Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) insurance coverage and, as a result, there is a concentration of credit risk related to amounts on deposit in excess of FDIC insurance coverage.
Cash Held in Trust
Cash held in trust consists of restricted cash balances legally due to lenders, and is segregated from the Company’s other cash deposits. Cash held in trust is not available to the Company for any purposes other than the settlement of existing obligations to the lender.
Earnings per Share
The Company grants restricted shares which entitle the recipients to receive dividend equivalents during the vesting period on a basis equivalent to the dividends paid to holders of common shares. Unvested share-based compensation awards containing non-forfeitable rights to receive dividends or dividend equivalents (collectively, “dividends”) are classified as “participating securities” and are included in the basic earnings per share calculation using the two-class method.
Under the two-class method, all earnings (distributed and undistributed) are allocated to common shares and participating securities, based on their respective rights to receive dividends. Basic earnings per share is determined by dividing net income available to common shareholders, reduced by income attributable to the participating securities, by the weighted-average common shares outstanding during the period.
Diluted earnings per share is determined by dividing net income attributable to diluted shareholders, which adds back to net income the interest expense, net of applicable income taxes, on the Company’s convertible senior notes, by the weighted-average common shares outstanding, assuming all dilutive securities, including stock grants, shares that would be issued in the event that OP Units are redeemed for shares of common stock of the Company, shares issued in respect of the stock-based portion of the base fee payable to the Manager and independent directors, and shares that would be issued in the event of conversion of the Company’s outstanding convertible senior notes, were issued. In the event the Company were to record a loss, potentially dilutive securities would be excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation, as their effect on loss per share would be anti-dilutive.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A fair value hierarchy has been established that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. The standard describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1 — Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.​
Level 2 — Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities; quoted prices in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.​
Level 3 — Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.​

11


The degree of judgment utilized in measuring fair value generally correlates to the level of pricing observability. Assets and liabilities with readily available actively quoted prices or for which fair value can be measured from actively quoted prices generally will have a higher degree of pricing observability and a lesser degree of judgment utilized in measuring fair value. Conversely, assets and liabilities rarely traded or not quoted will generally have little or no pricing observability and a higher degree of judgment utilized in measuring fair value. Pricing observability is impacted by a number of factors, including the type of asset or liability, whether it is new to the market and not yet established, and the characteristics specific to the transaction.
The fair value of mortgage loans is estimated using the Manager’s proprietary pricing model which estimates expected cash flows with the discount rate used in the present value calculation representing the estimated effective yield of the loan. The Company reviews its discount rates periodically to ensure the assumptions used to calculate fair value are in line with market conditions.
The Company’s Investment in debt securities is considered to be available for sale, and is carried at fair value with changes in fair value reflected in the Company’s consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
The Company calculates the fair value for the secured borrowings on its consolidated Balance Sheets from securitization trusts by using the Company’s proprietary pricing model to estimate the cash flows expected to be generated from the underlying collateral with the discount rate used in the present value calculation representing an estimate of the average rate for debt instruments with similar durations and risk factors.
The Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreement are short-term in nature, and the Manager believes it can renew the current borrowing arrangements on similar terms in the future. Accordingly, the carrying value of these borrowings approximates fair value.
The Company’s convertible senior notes are traded on the NYSE under the ticker symbol "AJXA"; the debt’s fair value is determined from the closing price on the balance sheet date.
Property held-for-sale is carried at the lower of its acquisition basis or net realizable value. Fair market value is determined based on broker price opinions, appraisals, or other market indicators of fair value. Net unrealized losses due to changes in market value are recognized through a valuation allowance by charges to income.
Income Taxes
The Company elected REIT status upon the filing of its 2014 income tax return, and has conducted its operations in order to satisfy and maintain eligibility for REIT status. Accordingly, the Company does not believe it will be subject to U.S. federal income tax from the year ended December 31, 2014 forward on the portion of the Company’s REIT taxable income that is distributed to the Company’s stockholders as long as certain asset, income and stock ownership tests are met. If the Company fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, it generally will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes for the four taxable years following the year during which qualification is lost. In addition, notwithstanding the Company’s qualification as a REIT, it may also have to pay certain state and local income taxes, because not all states and localities treat REITs in the same manner that they are treated for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
GA-TRS, GAJX Real Estate LLC, and any other TRS that the Company forms will be subject to U.S. federal and state income taxes. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences or benefits attributable to differences between the carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which management expects those temporary differences to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred taxes of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period in which the change occurs. Subject to the Company’s judgment, it reduces a deferred tax asset by a valuation allowance if it is “more-likely-than-not” that some or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized. Tax laws are complex and subject to different interpretations by the taxpayer and respective governmental taxing authorities. Significant judgment is required in evaluating tax positions, and the Company recognizes tax benefits only if it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination by the appropriate taxing authority.
The Company evaluates tax positions taken in its consolidated financial statements under the interpretation for accounting for uncertainty in income taxes. As a result of this evaluation, the Company may recognize a tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is “more-likely-than-not” that the tax position will be sustained on examination by taxing authorities.
The Company’s tax returns remain subject to examination and consequently, the taxability of the distributions and other tax positions taken by the Company may be subject to change. Distributions to stockholders generally will be taxable as ordinary income, although a portion of such distributions may be designated as long-term capital gain or qualified dividend income, or may constitute a return of capital. The Company furnishes annually to each stockholder a statement setting forth distributions paid during the preceding year and their U.S. federal income tax treatment.

12


Investment in Debt Securities
The Company’s investment in debt securities as of March 31, 2018 consists of a $6.2 million investment in subordinated debt securities issued by a related party trust. The notes have a stated final maturity of October 25, 2056. During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company made a decision to transfer these notes to available-for-sale status in anticipation of reinvesting the proceeds from any sale into additional mortgage loans. Accordingly, the carrying amount of the investment was transferred from held-to-maturity to available for sale status during 2017. The notes are carried at fair value with changes in fair value reflected in the Company’s consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.
Segment Information
The Company’s primary business is acquiring, investing in and managing a portfolio of mortgage loans. The Company operates in a single segment focused on re-performing mortgages, and to a lesser extent non-performing mortgages.
Emerging Growth Company
Section 107 of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”) permits an emerging growth company to delay the adoption of certain accounting standards until those standards would otherwise apply to private companies. Nonetheless, the Company has elected not to use this extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Reclassifications
Certain amounts in the Company’s 2017 consolidated Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported net income or equity.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model requiring a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount reflecting the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 may be applied using either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14 deferring the effective date for ASU 2014-09 to annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company’s primary revenue stream, income from its investments in mortgage loans, is specifically excluded from the scope of ASU 2014-09 as is its accounting for its investments in debt securities and joint ventures.  Additionally, while contracts to sell REO are not excluded from the scope of ASU 2014-09, the Company does not believe its revenue recognition from contracts with buyers of REO would change under ASU 2014-09.  Accordingly, the adoption of ASU 2014-09 did not impact the Company’s revenue recognition policies. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 in 2018 and elected to use the modified retrospective transition method which requires application of ASU 2014-09 to uncompleted contracts at the date of adoption however, periods prior to the date of adoption will not be retrospectively revised as the impact of the ASU on uncompleted contracts at the date of adoption had no impact.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments - Overall. ASU 2016-01 addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Specifically the guidance (1) requires equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings, (2) simplifies the impairment assessment of equity investments without readily determinable fair values by requiring a qualitative assessment to identify impairment, (3) eliminates the requirement to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value that is required to be disclosed for financial instruments measured at amortized cost, (4) requires the use of the exit price notion when measuring the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes, (5) requires an entity to present separately in other comprehensive income the portion of the total change in fair value of a liability resulting from a change in the credit risk when the entity has elected to measure the liability at fair value in accordance with the fair value option, (6) requires separate presentation of financial assets and liabilities by measurement category and form on the consolidated balance sheets or the notes to the financial statements, and (7) clarifies that the need for a valuation allowance on a deferred tax asset related to an available-for-sale security should be evaluated with other deferred tax assets. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-01 in 2018 with no effect on its consolidated assets or liabilities, consolidated net income or equity or cash flows.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. ASU 2016-15 provides guidance on the presentation and classification of specific cash flow items to improve consistency within the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2016-15 in 2018 with no effect on its consolidated assets or liabilities, consolidated net income or equity or cash flows.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards

13


In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. The main objective of this guidance is to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity. To achieve this, the amendments in this guidance replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current U.S. GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. Specifically, the amendments in this guidance require a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The measurement of expected credit losses is based on relevant information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. An entity must use judgment in determining the relevant information and estimation methods that are appropriate in its circumstances. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted, beginning with fiscal years after December 15, 2018. The Company is currently evaluating the impact on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Note 3 — Mortgage Loans
The following table presents information regarding the carrying value for the Mortgage loan categories of RPL, NPL and originated as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 ($ in thousands):
Loan portfolio basis by asset type
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Residential RPLs
 
$
1,187,320

 
$
1,190,019

Purchased SBC (RPL)
 
7,949

 
8,605

Originated SBC
 
11,737

 
11,620

Residential NPLs
 
40,207

 
43,297

Total
 
$
1,247,213

 
$
1,253,541

Included on the Company’s consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 are approximately $1,247.2 million and $1,253.5 million, respectively, of RPLs, NPLs, and originated SBCs at carrying value. RPLs and NPLs are categorized at acquisition. The carrying value of RPLs and NPLs reflects the original investment amount, plus accretion of interest income, less principal and interest cash flows received. Additionally, originated SBC loans are carried at originated cost, less any loan discount. The carrying value for all loans is decreased by an allowance for loan losses, if any. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recognized no provision for loan loss. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company accreted $25.2 million and $20.5 million, respectively, into interest income with respect to its RPL and NPL portfolio.
The Company’s mortgage loans are secured by real estate. The Company monitors the credit quality of the mortgage loans in its portfolio on an ongoing basis, principally by considering loan payment activity or delinquency status. In addition, the Company assesses the expected cash flows from the mortgage loans, the fair value of the underlying collateral and other factors, and evaluates whether and when it becomes probable that all amounts contractually due will not be collected.
The Company’s loan acquisitions for the three months ended March 31, 2018 consisted of 87 purchased RPLs with $19.7 million UPB. Comparatively during the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company acquired 24 RPLs with $3.4 million UPB and two originated SBC loan with $2.5 million UPB.
The Company acquired no NPLs for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.
The following table presents information regarding the accretable yield and non-accretable amount for purchased loans acquired during the following periods ($ in thousands):
 
For the three months ended March 31,
2018
 
2017
 
Re-performing
loans
 
Non-performing
loans
 
Re-performing
loans
 
Non-performing
loans
Contractually required principal and interest
$
31,623

 
$

 
$
4,856

 
$

Non-accretable amount
(9,574
)
 

 
(888
)
 

Expected cash flows to be collected
22,049

 

 
3,968

 

Accretable yield
(4,483
)
 

 
(824
)
 

Fair value at acquisition
$
17,566

 
$

 
$
3,144

 
$


14


The Company determines the accretable yield on new acquisitions by comparing the expected cash flows from the Company’s proprietary cash flow model to the remaining contractual cash flows at acquisition. The difference between the expected cash flows and the portfolio acquisition price is accretable yield. The difference between the remaining contractual cash flows and the expected cash flows is the non-accretable amount. The following table presents the accretable yield and non-accretable amount for loan portfolio purchases for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017. Accretable yield and accretion amounts does not include any of the eight and two originated SBC loans at March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively ($ in thousands):
 
For the three months ended March 31,
2018
 
2017
 
Re-performing
loans
 
Non-performing
loans
 
Re-performing
loans
 
Non-performing
loans
Balance at beginning of period
$
344,141

 
$
7,370

 
$
239,858

 
$
12,065

Accretable yield additions
4,483

 

 
824

 

Accretion
(24,502
)
 
(715
)
 
(19,153
)
 
(1,335
)
Reclassification from (to) non-accretable amount, net
(6,603
)
 
(370
)
 
22,323

 
(662
)
Balance at end of period
$
317,519

 
$
6,285

 
$
243,852

 
$
10,068

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company reclassified a net $7.0 million from accretable yield to non-accretable amount, consisting of a $6.6 million transfer from accretable yield to non-accretable amount for RPLs, and a $0.4 million transfer from accretable yield to non-accretable amount for NPLs. Comparatively, during the three months ended 2017, the Company reclassified a net $21.7 million from non-accretable amount to accretable yield, consisting of a $22.3 million transfer from non-accretable amount to accretable yield for its RPLs and $0.7 million from accretable yield to non-accretable amount on NPLs. The Company recalculates the amount of accretable yield and non-accretable amount on a quarterly basis. Reclassifications between the two categories are primarily based upon changes in expected cash flows and actual prepayments, including payoffs in full or in part. Additionally, the accretable yield and non-accretable amounts are revised when loans are reclassified to REO because the future expected cash flows are removed from the pool. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, RPL reclassifications from accretable yield to non-accretable amounts were primarily driven by a higher than expected number of loans that paid in full and from loans removed from the pools upon foreclosure. The three months ended 2017, RPL reclassifications from non-accretable amount to accretable yield were driven by updated assessment of projected loan cash flows as compared to the model as of December 31, 2016. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, NPL reclassifications from accretable yield to non-accretable amount were driven primarily by loans removed from the pool upon foreclosure and loan payoffs, both in full or in part, prior to modeled expectations.
The following table sets forth the carrying value of the Company’s mortgage loans, and related unpaid principal balance by delinquency status as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 ($ in thousands):
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
Number of
loans
 
Carrying
value
 
Unpaid
principal
balance
 
Number of
loans
 
Carrying
value
 
Unpaid
principal
balance
Current
3,761

 
$
693,273

 
$
802,476

 
3,998

 
$
744,300

 
$
860,572

30
944

 
160,589

 
182,834

 
912

 
152,685

 
178,383

60
644

 
108,790

 
125,719

 
577

 
100,792

 
117,145

90
1,169

 
212,051

 
249,457

 
1,047

 
177,841

 
214,297

Foreclosure
322

 
72,510

 
87,827

 
367

 
77,923

 
94,826

Mortgage loans
6,840

 
$
1,247,213

 
$
1,448,313

 
6,901

 
$
1,253,541

 
$
1,465,223


Note 4 — Real Estate Assets, Net
The Company primarily acquires REO when a mortgage loan is foreclosed upon and the Company takes title to the property on the foreclosure date or the borrower surrenders the deed in lieu of foreclosure. Additionally, from time to time, the Company may acquire real estate assets in purchase transactions.
Rental Property
As of March 31, 2018, the Company owned 15 REO properties with an aggregate carrying value of $5.2 million held for investment as rentals, at which time eight properties were rented. One property consists of a 32-unit multi-family apartment

15


building that was acquired during the first quarter of 2018 that has a current carrying value of $3.5 million. One property was acquired as an RPL but transitioned to foreclosure prior to boarding by the Servicer, one was acquired through foreclosure, and 12 were transferred from Property held-for-sale. As of December 31, 2017, the Company had 14 REO properties with a carrying value of $1.3 million held for use as rentals, at which time five were rented. One of these properties was acquired as an RPL but transitioned to foreclosure prior to boarding by the Servicer, three were acquired through foreclosures, and 10 were transferred from Property held-for-sale.
Property Held-for-Sale
The Company classifies REO as held-for-sale if the REO is expected to be actively marketed for sale. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s net investments in REO held-for-sale were $23.8 million and $24.9 million, respectively, which include balances of $2.0 million and $1.8 million, respectively for properties undergoing renovation or which are otherwise in the process of being brought to market. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, all of the additions to REO Property held-for-sale were acquired through foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure, and reclassified out of its mortgage loan portfolio.
The following table presents the activity in the Company’s carrying value of property held-for-sale for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 ($ in thousands):
 
For the three months ended March 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Property Held-for-sale
 
Count
 
Amount
 
Count
 
Amount
Balance at beginning of year
 
136

 
$
24,947

 
149

 
$
23,882

Transfers from mortgage loans
 
27

 
3,958

 
49

 
8,007

Adjustments to record at lower of cost or fair value 
 

 
(408
)
 

 
(309
)
Disposals
 
(27
)
 
(4,226
)
 
(32
)
 
(4,062
)
Net transfers to Rental property(1)
 

 
(502
)
 
(1
)
 
(179
)
Balance at end of year
 
136

 
$
23,769

 
165

 
$
27,339

 
(1)
Includes net impact of four properties transferred from held-for-sale to rental of $0.9 million and four properties transferred from rental to held-for-sale of $0.4 million.
Dispositions
During the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company sold 27 and 32 REO properties respectively, realizing a net gain of approximately $0.6 million and $0.1 million, respectively. These amounts are included in Other income on the Company's consolidated Statements of Income. The Company recorded a lower of cost or net realizable value adjustments in Real estate operating expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017 of $0.4 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

Note 5 — Fair Value
The following tables set forth the fair value of financial assets and liabilities by level within the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 ($ in thousands):

16


 

 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
March 31, 2018
 
Carrying
Value
 
Quoted
prices in
active
markets
 
Observable
inputs other
than Level 1
prices
 
Unobservable
inputs
Financial assets
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans, net
 
$
1,247,213

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,381,436

Investment in debt securities
 
$
6,218

 
$

 
$
6,218

 
$

Investment in Manager
 
$
973

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,192

Investment in AS Ajax E
 
$
969

 
$

 
$
1,218

 
$

Investment in Great Ajax FS
 
$
1,701

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,701

Financial liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Secured borrowings, net
 
$
662,494

 
$

 
$

 
$
662,023

Borrowings under repurchase agreement
 
$
273,199

 
$

 
$
273,199

 
$

Convertible senior notes, net
 
$
102,764

 
$
109,080

 
$

 
$


 

 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
December 31, 2017
 
Carrying
Value
 
Quoted
prices in
active
markets
 
Observable
inputs other
than Level 1
prices
 
Unobservable
inputs
Financial assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans, net
 
$
1,253,541

 
$

 
$

 
$
1,375,722

Investment in debt securities
 
$
6,285

 
$

 
$
6,285

 
$

Investment in Manager
 
$
850

 
$

 
$

 
$
6,427

Investment in AS Ajax E
 
$
1,201

 
$

 
$
1,224

 
$

Financial liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Secured borrowings, net
 
$
694,040

 
$

 
$

 
$
693,255

Borrowings under repurchase agreement
 
$
276,385

 
$

 
$
276,385

 
$

Convertible senior notes, net
 
$
102,571

 
$
109,641

 
$

 
$

The fair value of mortgage loans is estimated using the Manager’s proprietary pricing model which estimates expected cash flows with the discount rate used in the present value calculation representing the estimated effective yield of the loan. The value of transfers of mortgage loans to REO is based upon the present value of future expected cash flows of the loans being transferred.
The Company values its Investment in debt securities using estimates provided by banking institutions.
The investment in the Company’s Manager is valued by applying an earnings multiple to expected earnings.
The Company’s investment in AS Ajax E is valued using estimates provided by banking institutions.
The fair value of the Company's investment in GAFS is presented as the acquisition price as no significant transactions have occurred since the initial closing date of January 26, 2018.
The fair value of secured borrowings is estimated using the Manager’s proprietary pricing model which estimates expected cash flows of the underlying mortgage loans which collateralize the debt, and which drive the cash flows used to make interest payments. The discount rate used in the present value calculation represents the estimated effective yield of the underlying mortgages.
The Company’s borrowings under repurchase agreement are short-term in nature, and the Company’s management believes it can renew the current borrowing arrangements on similar terms in the future. Accordingly, the carrying value of these borrowings approximates fair value.
The Company’s Convertible senior notes are traded on the NYSE; the debt’s fair value is determined from the NYSE closing price on the Balance Sheet date.

17


The carrying values of its Cash and cash equivalents, Cash held in trust, Receivable from servicer, Investment in affiliates, Loans purchase deposit, Management fee payable and Other liabilities are equal to or approximate fair value.
Non-financial assets
Property held-for-sale is carried at the lower of its acquisition basis or net realizable value. Fair market value is determined based on appraisals, broker price opinions, or other market indicators of fair value. Since net unrealized losses due to changes in market value are recognized through a valuation allowance by charges to income, aggregate fair value for the Company’s REO Property is conservatively stated as its carrying value. The following tables set forth the fair value of non-financial assets by level within the fair value hierarchy as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 ($ in thousands): 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
March 31, 2018
 
Carrying Value
 
Current quarter fair value adjustment recognized in the consolidated statements of income
 
Quoted prices in active markets
 
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices
 
Unobservable inputs
Non-financial assets
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

Property held-for-sale
 
$
23,769

 
$
408

 
$

 
$

 
$
23,769

 
 
 
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
December 31, 2017
 
Carrying Value
 
Fiscal year 2017 fair value adjustment recognized in the consolidated statements of income
 
Quoted prices in active markets
 
Observable inputs other than Level 1 prices
 
Unobservable inputs
Non-financial assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property held-for-sale
 
$
24,947

 
$
2,516

 
$

 
$

 
$
24,947

During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company transferred the balance of its Property held-for-sale from Level 2 to Level 3 to reflect the additional uncertainty inherent in the estimation process for real estate values.

Note 6 — Affiliates
Unconsolidated Affiliates
During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company agreed to acquire an 8% ownership interest in GAFS. The acquisition is expected to be completed in two transactions. January 26, 2018 was the initial closing date wherein a 4.9% interest in GAFS and three warrants, each exercisable for a 2.45% interest in GAFS upon payment of additional consideration, in exchange for consideration of $1.1 million of cash and 45,938 shares of the Company’s common stock with a value of approximately $0.6 million. At the date of an additional closing, expected to take place approximately 121 days afterward, depending upon receipt of all necessary approvals, consents and authorizations, an additional 3.1% interest in GAFS, and three warrants, each exercisable for a 1.55% interest in GAFS in exchange for consideration of $0.7 million of cash and shares of the Company’s common stock with a value of approximately $0.4 million, with the actual number of shares dependent upon the common stock’s price at the close of trading on the day immediately preceding the date of the additional closing. The Company accounts for its investment in GAFS using the equity method.
During the year ended December 31, 2017, a small-balance commercial loan secured by a commercial property in Portland, Oregon, in which the Company held a 40.5% interest through a Delaware trust, GA-E 2014-12, was paid off in full. The Company received a distribution of $2.6 million related to this investment. At March 31, 2018, GA-E 2014-12 held cash of $5,000 and had accrued expenses of $3,000. Upon final settlement of all obligations, any remaining cash is expected to be distributed between the investors in proportion to their ownership interests. The Company accounts for its investment in GA-E 2014-12 using the equity method.
Upon the closing of the Company’s original private placement in July 2014, the Company received a 19.8% equity interest in the Manager, a privately held company for which there is no public market for its securities. The Company accounts for its investment in the Manager using the equity method.
On March 14, 2016, the Company formed AS Ajax E LLC, to hold an equity interest in a Delaware trust formed to own residential mortgage loans and residential real estate assets. AS Ajax E LLC owns a 5% equity interest in Ajax E Master Trust which holds a portfolio of RPLs. At the time of the original investment, the Company held a 24.2% interest in AS Ajax E LLC. In October 2016, additional capital contributions were made by third parties, and the Company’s ownership interest in AS Ajax E was reduced to a lower percentage of the total. At both March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company’s interest in AS Ajax E was approximately 16.5%. The Company accounts for its investment using the equity method.

18


The table below shows the net income, assets and liabilities for the Company’s unconsolidated affiliates at 100%, and at the Company’s share ($ in thousands):
Net income, assets and liabilities of unconsolidated affiliates at 100%
 
 
For the three months ended March 31,
Net income at 100%
 
2018

2017
GA-E 2014-12
 
$

 
$
184

Thetis Asset Management LLC
 
$
652

 
$
241

AS Ajax E LLC
 
$
69

 
$
95

Great Ajax FS LLC
 
$
115

 
$
241

 
March 31, 2018

December 31, 2017
Assets and Liabilities at 100%
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
GA-E 2014-12
 
$
5

 
$
3

 
$
7

 
$
5

Thetis Asset Management LLC
 
$
7,922

 
$
1,724

 
$
7,415

 
$
1,674

AS Ajax E LLC
 
$
7,067

 
$
5

 
$
7,293

 
$
5

Great Ajax FS LLC
 
$
68,777

 
$
49,294

 
$
63,965

 
$
45,145

Net income, assets and liabilities of unconsolidated affiliates at the Company's share
 
 
For the three months ended March 31,
Net income at Company share
 
2018
 
2017
GA-E 2014-12
 
$

 
$
75

Thetis Asset Management LLC
 
$
129

 
$
48

AS Ajax E LLC
 
$
11

 
$
16

Great Ajax FS LLC(1)(2)
 
$
9

 
$

 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets and Liabilities at the Company's share
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
GA-E 2014-12
 
$
2

 
$
1

 
$
3

 
$
2

Thetis Asset Management LLC
 
$
1,569

 
$
341

 
$
1,468

 
$
331

AS Ajax E LLC
 
$
1,166

 
$
1

 
$
1,203

 
$
1

Great Ajax FS LLC(2)
 
$
3,370

 
$
2,415

 
$

 
$

 
(1)
Net income at the Company's share is not directly proportionate to Net income at 100% due to the timing of the Company's acquisition during the quarter.
(2)
Amounts for the Company's share for 2017 are presented as zero since the Company's investment was a 2018 event.
 
Consolidated affiliates
The Company consolidates the results and balances of securitization trusts which are established to provide debt financing to the Company by securitizing pools of mortgage loans. These trusts are considered to be VIEs, and the Company has determined that it is the primary beneficiary of the VIEs.
The Company also consolidates the activities and balances of its controlled affiliates, which include AS Ajax E II, which was established to hold an equity interest in a Delaware trust formed to own residential mortgage loans and residential real estate assets, and 2017-D, a securitization trust formed to hold mortgage loans, REO property and secured debt. As of March 31, 2018, AS Ajax E II was 53.1% owned by the Company, with the remainder held by third parties, and 2017-D was 50% owned by a third-party institutional investor. The Company consolidates the results and balances of both AS Ajax E II and 2017-D in its consolidated financial statements, and recognizes a non-controlling interest on its consolidated Balance Sheet for the amount of the investment due to the third party investors at March 31, 2018. Additionally, a non-controlling interest in the earnings of both AS Ajax E II and 2017-D is recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2018, which consists of the proportionate amount of income attributable to the third party investors.

19



Note 7 — Commitments and Contingencies
The Company regularly enters into agreements to acquire additional mortgage loans and mortgage-related assets, subject to continuing diligence on such assets and other customary closing conditions. There can be no assurance that the Company will acquire any or all of the mortgage loans identified in any acquisition agreement as of the date of these consolidated financial statements, and it is possible that the terms of such acquisitions may change.
At March 31, 2018, the Company had commitments to purchase, subject to due diligence, 713 RPLs secured by single-family residences with aggregate UPB of $157.1 million. The Company will only acquire loans that meet the acquisition criteria for its own portfolios, or those of its joint venture partners. See Note 14 - Subsequent Events, for remaining open acquisitions as of the filing date.
The Company will also complete its two-step acquisition of an 8% interest in GAFS, with the additional closing date expected to take place at the end of May, 2018, or approximately 121 days after the initial closing date of January 26, 2018. The Company will acquire an additional 3.1% interest in GAFS, and three warrants, each exercisable for a 1.55% interest in GAFS in exchange for consideration of $0.7 million of cash and shares of the Company’s common stock with a value of approximately $0.4 million, with the actual number of shares dependent upon the common stock’s price at the close of trading on the day immediately preceding the date of the additional closing.
Litigation, Claims and Assessments
From time to time, the Company may be involved in various claims and legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. As of March 31, 2018, the Company was not a party to, and its properties were not subject to, any pending or threatened legal proceedings that individually or in the aggregate, are expected to have a material impact on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Note 8 — Debt
Repurchase Agreement
The Company has entered into two repurchase facilities whereby the Company, through two wholly-owned Delaware trusts (the “Trusts”), acquires pools of mortgage loans which are then sold by the Trusts, as “Seller” to two separate counterparties, the “buyer” or “buyers.” One facility has a ceiling of $250.0 million and the other $200.0 million at any one time. Upon the time of the initial sale to the buyer, the Trust, with a simultaneous agreement, also agrees to repurchase the pools of mortgage loans from the buyer. Mortgage loans sold under these facilities carry interest calculated based on a spread to one-month LIBOR, which are fixed for the term of the borrowing. The purchase price that the Trust realizes upon the initial sale of the mortgage loans to the buyer can vary between 70% and 85% of the asset’s acquisition price, depending upon the facility being utilized and/or the quality of the underlying collateral. The obligations of a Trust to repurchase these mortgage loans at a future date are guaranteed by the Operating Partnership. The difference between the market value of the asset and the amount of the repurchase agreement is generally the amount of equity the Company has in the position and is intended to provide the buyer with some protection against fluctuations in the value of the collateral, and/or a failure by the Company to repurchase the asset and repay the borrowing at maturity. The Company has effective control over the assets subject to these transactions; therefore, the Company’s repurchase transactions are accounted for as financing arrangements.
The Servicer services these mortgage loans pursuant to the terms of a Servicing Agreement by and among the Servicer and each Buyer which Servicing Agreement has the same fees and expenses terms as the Company’s Servicing Agreement described under Note 9 — Related party transactions. The Operating Partnership, as guarantor, will provide to the buyers a limited guaranty of certain losses incurred by the buyers in connection with certain events and/or the Seller’s obligations under the mortgage loan purchase agreement, following the breach of certain covenants by the Seller, the occurrence of certain bad acts by the Seller, the occurrence of certain insolvency events of the Seller or other events specified in the Guaranty. As security for its obligations under the Guaranty, the guarantor will pledge the Trust Certificate representing the Guarantor’s 100% beneficial interest in the Seller.
Additionally, the Company has sold subordinate securities from its mortgage securitizations in repurchase transactions. The following table sets forth the details of the Company’s repurchase transactions and facilities ($ in thousands):

20


 
 
 

 
March 31, 2018
Maturity Date
 
Origination date
 
Maximum
Borrowing
Capacity
 
Amount
Outstanding
 
Amount of
Collateral
 
Percentage of Collateral Coverage
 
Interest Rate
April 30, 2018
 
October 31, 2017
 
$
10,601

 
$
10,601

 
$
15,145

 
143
%
 
3.66
%
May 8, 2018
 
November 8, 2017
 
15,227

 
15,227

 
21,754

 
143
%
 
3.69
%
June 7, 2018
 
February 8, 2018
 
58,586

 
58,586

 
77,065

 
132
%
 
3.69
%
November 21, 2018
 
November 22, 2017
 
200,000

 
1,222

 
7,812

 
639
%
 
5.09
%
July 12, 2019
 
July 15, 2016
 
250,000

 
187,563

 
244,791

 
131
%
 
4.36
%
Totals
 
 
$
534,414

 
$
273,199

 
$
366,567

 
134
%
 
4.16
%
 
 

 
December 31, 2017
Maturity Date
 
Origination date
 
Maximum
Borrowing
Capacity
 
Amount
Outstanding
 
Amount of
Collateral
 
Percentage of Collateral Coverage
 
Interest Rate
April 30, 2018
 
October 31, 2017
$
10,601

 
$
10,601

 
$
15,145

 
143
%
 
3.66
%
May 8, 2018
 
November 8, 2017
 
15,227

 
15,227

 
21,754

 
143
%
 
3.69
%
June 7, 2018
 
December 7, 2017
 
66,678

 
66,678

 
88,904

 
133
%
 
3.59
%
November 21, 2018
 
November 22, 2017
200,000

 
3,775

 
8,215

 
218
%
 
4.79
%
July 12, 2019
 
July 15, 2016
250,000

 
180,104

 
234,724

 
130
%
 
4.03
%
Totals
 
$
542,506

 
$
276,385

 
$
368,742

 
133
%
 
3.91
%
The guaranty establishes a master netting arrangement; however, the arrangement does not meet the criteria for offsetting within the Company’s consolidated Balance Sheets. A master netting arrangement derives from contractual agreements entered into by two parties to multiple contracts that provides for the net settlement of all contracts covered by the agreements in the event of default under any one contract. The amount outstanding on the Company’s repurchase facilities and the carrying value of the Company’s loans pledged as collateral are presented as gross amounts in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 in the table below ($ in thousands):
 
 
Gross amounts not offset in balance sheet
 
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Gross amount of recognized liabilities
 
$
273,199

 
$
276,385

Gross amount pledged as collateral
 
366,567

 
368,742

Net amount
 
$
93,368

 
$
92,357

Secured Borrowings
From inception (January 30, 2014) to March 31, 2018, the Company has completed 12 secured borrowings pursuant to Rule 144A under the Securities Act, seven of which were outstanding at March 31, 2018. The secured borrowings are structured as debt financings and not sales through a real estate investment conduit (“REMIC”), and the loans included in the secured borrowings remain on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet as the Company is the primary beneficiary of the securitization trusts, which are VIEs. The securitization VIEs are structured as pass through entities that receive principal and interest on the underlying mortgages and distribute those payments to the holders of the notes. The Company’s exposure to the obligations of the VIEs is generally limited to its investments in the entities. The notes that are issued by the securitization trusts are secured solely by the mortgages held by the applicable trusts and not by any of the Company’s other assets. The mortgage loans of the applicable trusts are the only source of repayment and interest on the notes issued by such trusts. The Company does not guarantee any of the obligations of the trusts under the terms of the agreement governing the notes or otherwise.
The Company’s secured borrowings are structured with Class A notes, subordinate notes, and trust certificates, which have rights to the residual interests in the mortgages once the notes are repaid. With the exception of the Company’s 2017-D securitization, from which the Company sold a 50% interest in the trust certificate to a third party, the Company has retained the subordinate notes and the trust certificates from the seven secured borrowings outstanding at March 31, 2018.
The Class A notes for the 2017-D securitization are the only debt securities issued in this securitization, with the Class B certificates representing the residual interests in the mortgages subsequent to repayment of the Class A debt. The 2017-D

21


class A notes carry no step-up in the interest rate. The Company has retained 50% of both the Class A notes and Class B certificates from 2017-D.
The Company's 2017-B securitization carries no provision for a step-up in interest rate on any of the Class A, Class B or Class M notes.
For all of the Company's securitizations the Class A notes are senior, sequential pay, fixed rate notes, and with the exception of 2017-D as noted above, the Class B notes notes are subordinate, sequential pay, fixed rate notes. The Class M notes issued under 2017-B are mezzanine, sequential pay, fixed rate notes.
For all of the Company's securitizations, except 2017-B and 2017-D which contain no interest rate step-up, if the Class A notes have not been redeemed by the payment date or otherwise paid in full 36 months after issue, or in the case of 2017-C, 48 months after issue, an amount equal to the aggregate interest payment amount that accrued and would otherwise be paid to the subordinate notes will be paid as principal to the Class A notes on that date and each subsequent payment date until the Class A notes are paid in full. After the Class A notes are paid in full, the subordinate notes will resume receiving their respective interest payment amounts and any interest that accrued but was not paid while the Class A notes were outstanding. As the holder of the trust certificates, the Company is entitled to receive any remaining amounts in the trusts after the Class A notes and subordinate notes have been paid in full.

22


The following table sets forth the original terms of all securitization notes outstanding at March 31, 2018 at their respective cutoff dates:
Issuing Trust/Issue Date
 
Security
 
Original Principal
 
Interest Rate
Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2016-A/ April 2016
 
Class A notes due 2064
 
$101.4 million
 
4.25
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2064(1,4)
 
$7.9 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Class B-2 notes due 2064(1,4)
 
$7.9 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$41.3 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(2.7) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2016-B/ August 2016
 
Class A notes due 2065
 
$84.4 million
 
4.00
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2065(1,4)
 
$6.6 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Class B-2 notes due 2065(1,4)
 
$6.6 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$34.1 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(1.6) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2016-C/ October 2016
 
Class A notes due 2057
 
$102.6 million
 
4.00
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2057(1,4)
 
$7.9 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Class B-2 notes due 2057(1,4)
 
$7.9 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$39.4 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(1.6) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2017-A/ May 2017
 
Class A notes due 2057
 
$140.7 million
 
3.47
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2057(1)
 
$15.1 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Class B-2 notes due 2057(1)
 
$10.8 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$49.8 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(2.0) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2017-B/ December 2017
 
Class A notes due 2056
 
$115.8 million
 
3.16
%
 
 
Class M-1 notes due 2056(3)
 
$9.7 million
 
3.50
%
 
 
Class M-2 notes due 2056(3)
 
$9.5 million
 
3.50
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2056(1)
 
$9.0 million
 
3.75
%
 
 
Class B-2 notes due 2056(1)
 
$7.5 million
 
3.75
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$14.3 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(1.8) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2017-C/ November 2017
 
Class A notes due 2060
 
$130.2 million
 
3.75
%
 
 
Class B-1 notes due 2060(1)
 
$13.0 million
 
5.25
%
 
 
Trust certificates(2)
 
$42.8 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(1.7) million
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust 2017-D/ December 2017
 
Class A notes due 2057(5)
 
$177.8 million
 
3.75
%
 
 
Class B certificates (5)
 
$44.5 million
 
%
 
 
Deferred issuance costs
 
$(1.1) million
 
%
 
(1)
The Class B notes are subordinate, sequential pay, fixed rate notes with Class B-2 notes subordinate to the Class B-1 notes. The Company has retained the Class B notes.

23


(2)
The trust certificates issued by the trusts and the beneficial ownership of the trusts are retained by Great Ajax Funding LLC as the depositor. As the holder of the trust certificates, we are entitled to receive any remaining amounts in the trusts after the Class A notes, Class M notes, where present, and Class B notes have been paid in full.
(3)
The Class M notes are subordinate, sequential pay, fixed rate notes with Class M-2 notes subordinate to the Class M-1 notes. We have retained the Class M notes. ​
(4)
These securities are encumbered under a repurchase agreement.
(5)
Ajax Mortgage Loan Trust ("AJAXM") 2017-D is a joint venture in which a third party owns 50% of the Class A notes and 50% of the Class B certificates. We are required to consolidate 2017-D under GAAP and are reflecting 100% of the mortgage loans, in Mortgage loans, net. 50% of the Class A notes, which are held by the third party, are included in Secured borrowings, net. The 50% portion of the Class A notes retained by the Company have been encumbered under a repurchase agreement. 50% of the Class B certificates are recognized as Non-controlling interest.
Servicing for the mortgage loans in the Company’s securitizations is provided by the Servicer at a servicing fee rate of an annual servicing fee rate of 0.65% of outstanding UPB for RPLs at acquisition and 1.25% of outstanding UPB for loans that are non-performing at acquisition, and is paid monthly. For certain of the Company’s joint ventures, the Servicing fee rate for RPLs is reduced to an annual servicing fee rate of 0.42% annually on a loan-by-loan basis for any loan that makes seven consecutive payments. The determination of RPL or NPL status is based on the status of the loan at acquisition and does not change regardless of the loan’s subsequent performance. The following table sets forth the status of the notes held by others at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and the securitization cutoff date:
 
Balances at March 31, 2018
 
Balances at December 31, 2017
 
Original balances at
securitization cutoff date
Class of Notes
 
Carrying value of mortgages
 
Bond principal balance
 
Percentage of collateral coverage
 
Carrying value of mortgages
 
Bond principal balance
 
Percentage of collateral coverage
 
Mortgage UPB
 
Bond principal balance
2016-A
 
109,513

 
79,698

 
137
%
 
110,585

 
82,556

 
134
%
 
158,485

 
101,431

2016-B
 
92,656

 
69,977

 
132
%
 
93,772

 
71,361

 
131
%
 
131,746

(1)
84,430

2016-C
 
112,814

 
83,626

 
135
%
 
116,357

 
88,400

 
132
%
 
157,808

 
102,575

2017-A
 
169,048

 
123,087

 
137
%
 
170,805

 
126,507

 
135
%
 
216,413

 
140,669

2017-B
 
141,006

 
112,232

 
126
%
 
143,799

 
115,846

 
124
%
 
165,850

 
115,846

2017-C
 
154,612

 
125,378

 
123
%
 
157,015

 
129,191

 
122
%
 
185,942

 
130,159

2017-D
 
174,633

 
76,335

(3)
229
%
 
203,870

 
88,903

(3)
229
%
 
203,870

(2)
88,903

 
$
954,282

 
$
670,333

(4)
142
%
 
$
996,203

 
$
702,764

(4)
142
%
 
$
1,584,577

 
$
968,812

 
(1)
Includes $1.9 million of cash collateral.
(2)
Includes $26.7 million of cash collateral intended for use in the acquisition of additional mortgage loans.
(3)
The gross amount of senior bonds at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 were $152.7 million and $177.8 million however, only $76.3 million and $88.9 million are reflected in Secured borrowings, net as the remainder is owned by the Company, respectively.
(4)
This represents the gross amount of Secured borrowings and excludes the impact of deferred issuance costs of $7.8 million and $8.8 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.
The Company’s obligations under its secured borrowings are not fixed, and the payments on these borrowings are predicated upon cash flows received on the underlying mortgage loans.
Convertible Senior Notes
On April 25, 2017, the Company completed the issuance and sale of $87.5 million aggregate principal amount of its 7.25% convertible senior notes due 2024 in an underwritten public offering. The net proceeds to the Company from the sale of the notes, after deducting the underwriter's discounts, commissions and offering expenses, were approximately $84.9 million. The carrying amount of the equity component of the transaction was $2.5 million representing the fair value to the notes' owners of the right to convert the notes into shares of the Company's common stock. The notes were issued at a 17.5% conversion premium and bear interest at a rate of 7.25% per year, payable quarterly in arrears on January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15 of each year, beginning on July 15, 2017.
On August 18, 2017, the Company completed the public offer and sale of an additional $20.5 million in aggregate principal amount of its 7.25% Convertible senior notes due 2024, which combined with the $87.5 million aggregate principal amount from its April offering, form a single series of notes. The net proceeds to the Company from the August 18, 2017 sale of the notes, after deducting the underwriter's discounts, commissions and offering expenses, were approximately $20.5 million. The carrying amount of the equity component of the August transaction was $0.2 million representing the fair value to the notes' owners of the right to convert the notes into shares of the Company's common stock.

24


The notes in the August transaction were issued at a 6.0% conversion premium and bear interest at a rate of 7.25% per year, payable quarterly in arrears on January 15, April 15, July 15 and October 15 of each year, beginning on July 15, 2017. The notes will mature on April 30, 2024, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted.
Holders may convert their notes at their option prior to April 30, 2023 only under certain circumstances. In addition, the notes will be convertible irrespective of those circumstances from, and including, April 30, 2023 to, and including, the business day immediately preceding the maturity date. Upon conversion, the Company will pay or deliver, as the case may be, cash, shares of its common stock or a combination of cash and shares of its common stock, at the Company's election.
The conversion rate currently equals 1.6315 shares of the Company's common stock per $25.00 principal amount of notes which is equivalent to a conversion price of approximately $15.32 per share of common stock. The conversion rate, and thus the conversion price, may be subject to adjustment under certain circumstances. As of March 31, 2018, the amount by which the if-converted value falls short of the principal value for the entire series is $12.5 million.
The Company may not redeem the notes prior to April 30, 2022, and may redeem for cash all or any portion of the notes, at its option, on or after April 30, 2022 if the last reported sale price of its common stock has been at least 130% of the conversion price then in effect for at least 20 trading days (whether or not consecutive) during any 30 consecutive trading day period ending on, and including, the trading day immediately preceding the date on which the Company provides notice of redemption at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the redemption date. No "sinking fund" will be provided for the notes.
At March 31, 2018, the notes' UPB was $108.0 million, and discount and deferred expenses were $5.2 million. Interest expense of $2.2 million was recognized during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 which includes $0.2 million of amortization of discount and deferred expenses. The discount will be amortized through April 30, 2023, the date at which the notes can be converted. The effective interest rate of the notes at March 31, 2018 was 8.65%.

Note 9 — Related Party Transactions
The Company’s consolidated Statements of Income included the following significant related party transactions ($ in thousands):
 
 
For the three months ended March 31, 2018
 
 
Consolidated Statement of Income location
 
Counterparty
 
Amount
Loan servicing fees
 
Related party expense – loan servicing fees
 
Gregory
 
$
2,469

Management fee
 
Related party expense – management fee
 
Thetis
 
$
1,532

Due diligence and related loan acquisition costs
 
Loan transaction expense
 
Gregory
 
$
89

Expense reimbursements
 
Other fees and expenses
 
Gregory
 
$
32

Expense reimbursements
 
Other fees and expenses
 
Thetis
 
$

 
For the three months ended March 31, 2017
 
Consolidated Statement of Income location
 
Counterparty
 
Amount
Loan servicing fees
 
Related party expense – loan servicing fees
 
Gregory
 
$
1,881

Management fee
 
Related party expense – management fee
 
Thetis
 
$
1,072

Due diligence and related loan acquisition costs
 
Loan transaction expense
 
Gregory
 
$
37

Expense reimbursements
 
Other fees and expenses
 
Gregory
 
$
16

Expense reimbursements
 
Other fees and expenses
 
Thetis
 
$
3


25



The Company’s consolidated balance sheets included the following significant related party balances ($ in thousands):
 
As of March 31, 2018
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet location
 
Counterparty
 
Amount
Receivables from Servicer
 
Receivable from Servicer
 
Gregory
 
$
18,627

Investment in subordinated debt securities
 
Investment in debt securities
 
Oileus Residential
Loan Trust
 
$
6,218

Management fee payable
 
Management fee payable
 
Thetis
 
$
762

Servicing fees payable
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
Gregory
 
$
720

Expense reimbursement receivable
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
Thetis
 
$

 
As of December 31, 2017
 
Consolidated Balance Sheet location
 
Counterparty
 
Amount
Receivables from Servicer
 
Receivable from Servicer
 
Gregory
 
$
17,005

Investment in subordinated debt securities
 
Investment in debt securities
 
Oileus Residential
Loan Trust
 
$
6,285

Management fee payable
 
Management fee payable
 
Thetis
 
$
750

Servicing fees payable
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
 
Gregory
 
$
217

Expense reimbursement receivable
 
Prepaid expenses and other assets
 
Thetis
 
$

In October 2016, the Company purchased subordinate debt securities for $6.3 million from Oileus Residential Loan Trust, a related party. These notes have a stated final maturity of October 25, 2056. At March 31, 2018, these securities were carried on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at an amortized cost basis of $6.2 million, which approximates fair value. The Company made a decision previously to transfer these notes to available-for-sale status in anticipation of reinvesting the proceeds from any sale into additional mortgage loans. Accordingly, the carrying amount of the investment was transferred from held-to-maturity to available for sale status during 2017. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded unrealized losses of $0.1 million, which are reflected in the Company's consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
Management Agreement
The Company is a party to the Management Agreement with the Manager, which expires on July 8, 2029. Under the Management Agreement, the Manager implements the Company’s business strategy and manages the Company’s business and investment activities and day-to-day operations, subject to oversight by the Company’s Board of Directors. Among other services, the Manager, directly or through Aspen affiliates, provides the Company with a management team and necessary administrative and support personnel. The Company does not currently have any employees that it pays directly and does not expect to have any employees that it pays directly in the foreseeable future. Each of the Company’s executive officers is an employee or officer, or both, of the Manager or the Servicer.
Under the Management Agreement, the Company pays both a base management fee and an incentive fee to the Manager. The base management fee equals 1.5% of the Company's stockholders’ equity, including equity equivalents such as the Company's issuance of convertible senior notes, per annum and calculated and payable quarterly in arrears.

The initial $1.0 million of the quarterly base management fee will be payable 75% in cash and 25% in shares of the Company’s common stock. Any amount of the base management fee in excess of $1.0 million will be payable in shares of the Company’s common stock until payment is 50% in cash and 50% in shares (the “50/50 split”). Any remaining amount of the quarterly base management fee after the 50/50 split threshold is reached will be payable in equal amounts of cash and shares. The Manager has agreed to hold any shares of common stock received by it as payment of the base management fee for at least three years from the date such shares of common stock are received.
The Manager is also entitled to an incentive fee, payable quarterly and calculated in arrears, of 20% of the amount by which total dividends on common stock and distributions on OP units exceeds 8% of book value on a per share basis. However, no incentive fee will be payable to the Manager with respect to any calendar quarter unless the Company’s cumulative core earnings, defined as U.S. GAAP net income or loss less non-cash equity compensation, unrealized gains or losses from mark-to-market adjustments, one-time adjustments to earnings resulting from changes to U.S. GAAP, and certain other non-cash items, is greater than zero for the most recently completed eight calendar quarters. In the event that the payment of the quarterly base management fee has not reached the 50/50 split, all of the incentive fee will be payable in shares of the Company’s

26


common stock until the 50/50 split occurs. In the event that the total payment of the quarterly base management fee and the incentive fee has reached the 50/50 split, 20% of the remaining incentive fee is payable in shares of the Company’s common stock and 80% of the remaining incentive fee is payable in cash. To date, no incentive fees have been paid to the Manager.
The Company also reimburses the Manager for all third-party, out-of-pocket costs incurred by the Manager for managing its business, including third-party diligence and valuation consultants, legal expenses, auditors and other financial services. The reimbursement obligation is not subject to any dollar limitation. Expenses will be reimbursed in cash on a monthly basis.
The Company will be required to pay the Manager a termination fee in the event that the Management Agreement is terminated as a result of (i) a termination by the Company without cause, (ii) its decision not to renew the Management Agreement upon the determination of at least two thirds of the Company’s independent directors for reasons including the failure to agree on revised compensation, (iii) a termination by the Manager as a result of the Company becoming regulated as an “investment company” under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”) (other than as a result of the acts or omissions of the Manager in violation of investment guidelines approved by the Company’s Board of Directors), or (iv) a termination by the Manager if the Company defaults in the performance of any material term of the Management Agreement (subject to a notice and cure period). The termination fee will be equal to twice the combined base fee and incentive fees payable to the Manager during the 12-month period ended as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal quarter prior to the date of termination.
Servicing Agreement
The Company is also a party to the Servicing Agreement, expiring July 8, 2029, with the Servicer. The Company’s overall servicing costs under the Servicing Agreement will vary based on the types of assets serviced.
Servicing fees range from 0.65% to 1.25% annually of current UPB (or the fair market value or purchase price of REO the Company owns or acquires), and are paid monthly. For certain of the Company’s joint ventures, the Servicing fee rate for RPLs is reduced to an annual servicing fee rate of 0.42% annually on a loan-by-loan basis for any loan that makes seven consecutive payments. The total fees incurred by the Company for these services depend upon the UPB and type of mortgage loans that the Servicer services pursuant to the terms of the Servicing Agreement. The fees are determined based on the loan’s status at acquisition and do not change if a performing loan becomes non-performing or vice versa.
The Company will also reimburse the Servicer for all customary, reasonable and necessary out-of-pocket costs and expenses incurred in the performance of its obligations, including the actual cost of any repairs and renovations to REO properties. The total fees incurred by the Company for these services will be dependent upon the property value, previous UPB of the relevant loan, and the number of REO properties.
If the Servicing Agreement has been terminated other than for cause and/or the Servicer terminates the servicing agreement, the Company will be required to pay a termination fee equal to the aggregate servicing fees payable under the servicing agreement for the immediate preceding 12-month period. See Note 14 - Subsequent events.
Trademark Licenses
Aspen has granted the Company a non-exclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicensable, royalty-free license to use the name “Great Ajax” and the related logo. The Company also has a similar license to use the name “Thetis.” The agreement has no specified term. If the Management Agreement expires or is terminated, the trademark license agreement will terminate within 30 days. In the event that this agreement is terminated, all rights and licenses granted thereunder, including, but not limited to, the right to use “Great Ajax” in its name will terminate. Aspen also granted to the Manager a substantially identical non-exclusive, non-transferable, non-sublicensable, royalty-free license use of the name “Thetis.”

Note 10 — Stock-based Payments and Director Fees
Pursuant to the terms of the Management Agreement, the Company pays a portion of the base fee to the Manager in shares of its common stock with the number of shares determined based on the higher of the most recently reported book value or the average of the closing prices of its common stock on the NYSE on the five business days after the date on which the most recent regular quarterly dividend to holders of its common stock is paid. The Company recognized a base management fee to the Manager for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 of $1.5 million, of which the Company recorded $0.8 million in 49,156 shares of its common stock. The shares issued to the Manager are restricted securities subject to transfer restrictions, and were issued in private placement transactions, with 49,156 shares still issuable at March 31, 2018. See Note 9 — Related party transactions.
In addition, each of the Company’s independent directors receives an annual retainer of $75,000, payable quarterly, half of which is paid in shares of the Company’s common stock on the same basis as the stock portion of the management fee payable to the Manager and half in cash.

27


The following table sets forth the Company’s stock-based management fees and independent director fees ($ in thousands except share amounts):
Management Fees and Director Fees
 
For the three months ended March 31,
2018
 
2017
 
Number
of shares
 
Amount of
expense
recognized(1)
 
Number
of shares
 
Amount of
expense
recognized(1)
Management fees
49,156

 
763

 
21,075

 
$
322

Independent director fees
2,416

 
38

 
2,456

 
38

Totals
51,572

 
$
801

 
23,531

 
$
360

 
(1)
All management fees and independent director fees are fully expensed in the period in which the underlying expense is incurred.
Restricted Stock
Each independent director is issued a restricted stock award of 2,000 shares of the Company’s common stock subject to a one-year vesting period upon initial appointment to the Company’s Board. On August 17, 2016, the Company granted 153,000 shares of restricted stock to employees of its Manager and Servicer, which was reduced in 2017 by forfeitures of 4,000 shares and in 2018 by forfeitures of 2,666 shares; and on July 24, 2017, the Company granted 39,000 shares of restricted stock to employees of its Manager and Servicer. The shares vest over three years, with one third of the shares vesting on each of the first, second and third anniversaries of the grant date. The shares may not be sold until the third anniversary of the grant date. The 2017 grant also includes a provision whereby the shares vest automatically upon the death of the grantee. Grants of restricted stock to officers of the Company use grant date fair value of the stock as the basis for measuring the cost of the grant. The cost of grants of restricted stock to employees of the Company’s affiliates is determined using the stock price as of the date at which the counterparty's performance is complete.
In the first quarter of 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors approved the issuance of 3,000 shares of stock to each independent director, with half of the shares vesting immediately and the other half subject to a one-year vesting period.

28


The following table sets forth the activity in the Company’s restricted stock plans ($ in thousands, except share and per share amounts):
 
Total Grants
 
Activity
 
Non-vested shares at March 31, 2018
 
Fully-vested shares at March 31, 2018
Three months ended March 31, 2018
 
Total
shares
granted
 
Total
expected
cost of
grant
 
Shares
granted
during
the year
 
Grant
expense
recognized
for the
year
 
Shares
 
Per share
grant date fair
value
 
Shares