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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

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Table of Contents


 
United States
Securities and Exchange Commission
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
Form 10-Q
 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
Commission file number 000-24498
 
 
393297733_diamondhillinvgroup4ca01a06.jpg

DIAMOND HILL INVESTMENT GROUP, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
  
 
Ohio
 
65-0190407
(State of
incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
325 John H. McConnell Blvd, Suite 200, Columbus, Ohio 43215
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(614) 255-3333
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes:  x    No:  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes:  ¨    No:  x
The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock, as of May 2, 2018, is 3,509,933 shares.
 


Table of Contents


DIAMOND HILL INVESTMENT GROUP, INC.
 
 
 
PAGE
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 


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PART I:
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1:
Consolidated Financial Statements
Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
3/31/2018
 
12/31/2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
58,798,266

 
$
76,602,108

Investment portfolio
191,543,865

 
138,476,022

Accounts receivable
19,177,956

 
19,220,279

Prepaid expenses
2,231,603

 
2,073,343

Income taxes receivable

 
4,114,962

Property and equipment, net of depreciation
4,229,696

 
4,057,901

Deferred taxes
6,336,429

 
5,843,704

Total assets
$
282,317,815

 
$
250,388,319

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
18,060,373

 
$
11,890,403

Accrued incentive compensation
7,658,000

 
25,496,500

Deferred compensation
23,994,156

 
20,480,790

Income taxes payable
52,363

 

Total liabilities
49,764,892

 
57,867,693

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
41,660,307

 
20,076,806

Permanent Shareholders’ equity
 
 
 
Common stock, no par value 7,000,000 shares authorized; 3,518,957 issued and outstanding at March 31, 2018 (inclusive of 214,700 unvested shares); 3,470,428 issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 (inclusive of 191,900 unvested shares)
128,441,231

 
118,209,111

Preferred stock, undesignated, 1,000,000 shares authorized and unissued

 

Deferred equity compensation
(23,907,748
)
 
(19,134,963
)
Retained earnings
86,359,133

 
73,369,672

Total permanent shareholders’ equity
190,892,616

 
172,443,820

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
282,317,815

 
$
250,388,319

 
 
 
 
Book value per share
$
54.25

 
$
49.69

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUES:
 
 
 
Investment advisory
$
34,631,290

 
$
31,833,471

Mutual fund administration, net
3,150,712

 
3,300,658

Total revenue
37,782,002


35,134,129

OPERATING EXPENSES:
 
 
 
Compensation and related costs
14,387,473

 
13,679,149

General and administrative
2,963,671

 
3,488,115

Sales and marketing
1,209,487

 
1,129,719

Mutual fund administration
1,017,419

 
1,000,616

Total operating expenses
19,578,050


19,297,599

NET OPERATING INCOME
18,203,952

 
15,836,530

Investment income (loss), net
(1,559,723
)
 
3,786,188

INCOME BEFORE TAXES
16,644,229


19,622,718

Income tax expense
(3,702,100
)
 
(6,497,270
)
NET INCOME
12,942,129


13,125,448

Less: Net loss (income) attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest
47,332

 
(368,553
)
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS
$
12,989,461


$
12,756,895

Earnings per share attributable to common shareholders

 
 
Basic
$
3.72

 
$
3.72

Diluted
$
3.72

 
$
3.71

Weighted average shares outstanding
 
 
 
Basic
3,487,923

 
3,428,888

Diluted
3,491,938

 
3,435,329

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity and Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest (unaudited)

 
Shares
Outstanding
 
Common
Stock
 
Deferred Equity
Compensation
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Total
 
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Balance at December 31, 2017
3,470,428

 
$
118,209,111

 
$
(19,134,963
)
 
$
73,369,672

 
$
172,443,820

 
$
20,076,806

Issuance of restricted stock grants
32,050

 
6,755,108

 
(6,755,108
)
 

 

 

Amortization of restricted stock grants

 

 
1,378,923

 

 
1,378,923

 

Issuance of stock grants
20,153

 
4,109,197

 

 

 
4,109,197

 

Issuance of common stock related to 401k plan match
2,253

 
472,779

 

 

 
472,779

 

Shares withheld related to employee tax withholding
(2,427
)
 
(501,564
)
 

 

 
(501,564
)
 

Forfeiture of restricted stock grants
(3,500
)
 
(603,400
)
 
603,400

 

 

 

Net income

 

 

 
12,989,461

 
12,989,461

 
(47,332
)
Net subscriptions of consolidated funds

 

 

 

 

 
5,186,193

New consolidations of Company sponsored investments

 

 

 

 

 
16,444,640

Balance at March 31, 2018
3,518,957

 
$
128,441,231

 
$
(23,907,748
)
 
$
86,359,133

 
$
190,892,616

 
$
41,660,307

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.



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Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Net Income
$
12,942,129

 
$
13,125,448

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
285,823

 
217,748

Share-based compensation
1,851,702

 
1,998,782

Decrease (increase) in accounts receivable
347,488

 
(249,435
)
Change in current income taxes
4,167,325

 
6,997,489

Change in deferred income taxes
(492,725
)
 
(500,219
)
Net losses (gains) on investments
2,994,792

 
(3,392,620
)
Net change in trading securities held by Consolidated Funds
(35,143,135
)
 
(1,310,800
)
Decrease in accrued incentive compensation
(13,729,303
)
 
(12,304,076
)
Increase in deferred compensation
3,513,366

 
4,501,147

Other changes in assets and liabilities
4,438,764

 
(1,832,863
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
(18,823,774
)
 
7,250,601

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Purchase of property and equipment
(144,948
)
 
(67,315
)
Purchase of Company sponsored investments
(3,143,561
)
 
(6,060,665
)
Proceeds from sale of Company sponsored investments
1,148,162

 
1,124,308

Net cash used in investing activities
(2,140,347
)
 
(5,003,672
)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
 
 
 
Value of shares withheld related to employee tax withholding
(501,564
)
 
(796,920
)
Net subscriptions received from redeemable noncontrolling interest holders
3,661,843

 
677,818

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
3,160,279

 
(119,102
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
 
Net change during the period
(17,803,842
)
 
2,127,827

At beginning of period
76,602,108

 
57,189,876

At end of period
$
58,798,266

 
$
59,317,703

Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Income taxes paid
$
27,500

 
$

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash transactions:
 
 
 
Common stock issued as incentive compensation
$
4,109,197

 
$
3,892,424

Charitable donation of corporate investments and property and equipment
1,989,803

 
1,748,841

Net redemption of ETF shares for marketable securities
1,524,340

 
1,351,436

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
Note 1 Business and Organization
Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc. (the "Company"), an Ohio corporation, derives its consolidated revenues and net income from investment advisory and fund administration services.
Diamond Hill Capital Management, Inc. ("DHCM"), an Ohio corporation, is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company and a registered investment adviser. DHCM is the investment adviser to the Diamond Hill Funds (the "Funds"), a series of open-end mutual funds, private investment funds ("Private Funds"), an exchange traded fund (the "ETF"), and other institutional accounts. In addition, DHCM is administrator for the Funds.
Note 2 Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, and for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, for Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc. and its subsidiaries (referred to in these notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements as "the Company," "management," "we," "us," and "our") have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring accruals, considered necessary for a fair statement of the financial condition and results of operations at the dates and for the interim periods presented, have been included. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for any full fiscal year. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and footnotes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 ("2017 Annual Report") as filed with the SEC.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions related to the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Reclassification
Certain prior period amounts and disclosures may have been reclassified to conform to the current period's financial presentation.
Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the operations of the Company and its controlled subsidiaries. All inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Company holds certain investments in the Funds and the ETF for general corporate investment purposes, to provide seed capital for newly formed strategies or to add capital to existing strategies. The Funds are organized in a series fund structure in which there are multiple mutual funds within one Trust. The Trust is an open-end investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the"1940 Act"). The ETF is an individual series of ETF Series Solutions which is also an open-end investment company registered under the 1940 Act. Each of the individual mutual funds and the ETF represents a separate share class of a legal entity organized under the Trust. The Company performs its analysis at the individual mutual fund and ETF level and has concluded the mutual funds and ETF are voting rights entities ("VREs"). The Company has concluded that the mutual funds and the ETF are VREs because the structure of the investment product is such that the shareholders are deemed to have the power through voting rights to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity's economic performance. To the extent material, these investment products are consolidated if Company ownership, directly or indirectly, represents a majority interest (greater than 50%). The Company records redeemable noncontrolling interests in consolidated investments for which the Company's ownership is less than 100%. The Company has consolidated

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the ETF, the Diamond Hill Core Bond Fund, the Diamond Hill High Yield Fund, and the Diamond Hill Global Fund (collectively the "Consolidated Funds") as our ownership is greater than 50% in each as of March 31, 2018.
DHCM is the managing member of Diamond Hill General Partner, LLC (the “General Partner”), which is the general partner of Diamond Hill Investment Partners, L.P. (“DHIP”), and Diamond Hill International Equity Fund, L.P. ("DHIEF"), each a limited partnership (collectively, the "Partnerships" or “LPs”) whose underlying assets consist primarily of marketable securities.
DHCM is wholly owned by the Company and is consolidated by us. Further, DHCM, through its control of the General Partner, has the power to direct each LP’s economic activities and the right to receive investment advisory fees that may be significant to the LPs.
The Company concluded it did not have a variable interest in DHIP as the fees paid to the General Partner are considered to contain customary terms and conditions as found in the market for similar products and the Company has no equity ownership in DHIP.
The Company concluded DHIEF was a variable interest entity ("VIE") as DHCM has disproportionately less voting interests than economic interests, given that the limited partners have full power to remove the Company as the General Partner due to the existence of substantive kick-out rights. In addition, substantially all of DHIEF's activities are conducted on behalf of the General Partner which has disproportionately few voting rights. The Company concluded it is not the primary beneficiary of DHIEF as we lack the power to control the entities due to the existence of single-party kick-out rights where the limited partners have the unilateral ability to remove the General Partner without cause. DHCM’s investments in DHIEF are reported as a component of the Company’s investment portfolio, valued at DHCM’s respective share of the net income or loss DHIEF.
The LPs are not subject to lock-up periods and can be redeemed on demand. Gains and losses attributable to changes in the value of DHCM’s interests in the LPs are included in the Company’s reported investment income. The Company’s exposure to loss as a result of its involvement with the LPs is limited to the amount of its investments. DHCM is not obligated to provide, and has not provided, financial or other support to the LPs, other than its investments to date and its contractually provided investment advisory responsibilities. The Company has not provided liquidity arrangements, guarantees or other commitments to support the LPs’ operations, and the LPs’ creditors and interest holders have no recourse to the general credit of the Company.
Certain board members, officers and employees of the Company invest in the LPs and are not subject to a management fee or an incentive fee. These individuals receive no remuneration as a result of their personal investment in the LPs. The capital of the General Partner is not subject to a management fee or an incentive fee.
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Redeemable noncontrolling interest represents third-party interests in the Consolidated Funds. This interest is redeemable at the option of the investors and therefore is not treated as permanent equity. Redeemable noncontrolling interest is recorded at redemption value, which approximates the fair value each reporting period.
Segment Information
Management has determined that the Company operates in one business segment, providing investment management and administration services to mutual funds, institutional accounts, and private investment funds. Therefore, no disclosures relating to operating segments are presented in the Company's annual or interim financial statements.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents include demand deposits and money market mutual funds held by DHCM.
Accounts Receivable
Accounts receivable are recorded when they are due and are presented on the balance sheet net of any allowance for doubtful accounts. Accounts receivable are written off when they are determined to be uncollectible. Any allowance for doubtful accounts is estimated based on the Company’s historical losses, existing conditions in the industry, and the financial stability of the individuals or entities that owe the receivable. No allowance for doubtful accounts was deemed necessary at March 31, 2018 or December 31, 2017. Accounts receivable from the Funds were $11.4 million as of March 31, 2018 and $11.6 million as of December 31, 2017.

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Investments
Management determines the appropriate classification of its investments at the time of purchase and re-evaluates its determination at each reporting period.
Investments classified as trading represent investments in the Funds we advise where the Company has neither control nor the ability to exercise significant influence, as well as securities held in the Consolidated Funds. These investments are measured at fair value based on quoted market prices. Unrealized gains and losses are recorded as investment income (loss) in the Company's consolidated statements of income.
Investments classified as equity method investments represent investments in which the Company owns between 20-50% of the outstanding voting interests in the entity or when it is determined that the Company is able to exercise significant influence but not control over the investments. When using the equity method, the Company recognizes its respective share of the investee's net income or loss for the period which is recorded as investment income in the Company's consolidated statements of income.
Fair Value Measurements
Accounting Standards Codification Topic 820, Fair Value Measurement ("ASC 820") specifies a hierarchy of valuation classifications based on whether the inputs to the valuation techniques used in each valuation classification are observable or unobservable. These classifications are summarized in the three broad levels listed below:
Level 1 - Unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2 - Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-driven valuations in which all significant inputs are observable.
Level 3 - Valuations derived from techniques in which significant inputs are unobservable.
Inputs used to measure fair value might fall in different levels of the fair value hierarchy, in which case the Company defaults to the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. These levels are not necessarily an indication of the risk or liquidity associated with investments. The following table summarizes investments that are recognized in our consolidated balance sheet using fair value measurements (excludes investments classified as equity method investments) determined based upon the differing levels of inputs as of March 31, 2018:
 
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
Total
Cash equivalents
$
57,453,475

$

$

$
57,453,475

Trading Investments
 
 
 
 
     Securities held in Consolidated Funds(a)
44,074,929

92,808,411


136,883,340

     Company sponsored investments
35,935,489



35,935,489

(a) Of the securities held in the Consolidated Funds as of March 31, 2018, $82.9 million were held directly by the Company and $54.0 million were held by noncontrolling shareholders.
Level 1 investments are comprised of investments in registered investment companies (mutual funds) or equity securities held in the Consolidated Funds and $57.5 million of investments in money market mutual funds owned by DHCM that the Company classifies as cash equivalents.
Level 2 investments are comprised of investments in foreign equity securities and debt securities held in the Consolidated Funds, which are valued by an independent pricing service using pricing techniques which take into account factors such as trading activity, readily available market quotations, yield, quality, coupon rate, maturity, type of issue, trading characteristics, call features, credit rates and other observable inputs.
The Company determines transfers between fair value hierarchy levels at the end of the reporting period. There were no transfers in or out of the levels during the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Changes in fair values of the investments are recorded in the Company's consolidated statements of income as investment income (loss), net.

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Property and Equipment
Property and equipment, consisting of leasehold improvements, computer equipment, furniture, and fixtures, are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated lives of the assets.
New Accounting Guidance
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, "Revenue from Contracts with Customers", which supersedes existing accounting standards for revenue recognition and creates a single framework. ASU 2014-09 requires an entity to recognize the amount of revenue to which it expects to be entitled for the transfer of promised goods or services to customers. This standard also specifies the accounting for certain costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer. Our implementation efforts included a detailed review of revenue contracts within the scope of the guidance and an evaluation of the impact on the Company's revenue recognition policies. No transition-related practical expedients were applied. The Company adopted this ASU on its effective date, January 1, 2018, and it had no impact on the timing of the Company's revenue recognition.
Revenue Recognition – General
Revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with a client are satisfied. The Company earns substantially all of its revenue from investment advisory and fund administration contracts. Investment advisory and administration fees, generally calculated as a percentage of assets under management ("AUM"), are recorded as revenue as services are performed. In addition to fixed fees based on a percentage of AUM, certain client accounts also provide periodic variable rate fees.
Revenue earned during the first quarter of 2018 and 2017 under contracts with clients include:
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Investment advisory
 
Mutual fund
administration, net
 
Total revenue
Proprietary funds
$
27,305,199

 
$
3,150,712

 
$
30,455,911

Sub-advised funds and institutional accounts
7,326,091

 

 
7,326,091

 
$
34,631,290

 
$
3,150,712

 
$
37,782,002

 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
Investment advisory
 
Mutual fund
administration, net
 
Total revenue
Proprietary funds
$
24,918,566

 
$
3,300,658

 
$
28,219,224

Sub-advised funds and institutional accounts
6,914,905

 

 
6,914,905

 
$
31,833,471

 
$
3,300,658

 
$
35,134,129

Revenue Recognition – Investment Advisory Fees
The Company's investment advisory contracts have a single performance obligation as the promised services are not separately identifiable from other promises in the contracts and, therefore, are not distinct. All performance obligations for providing advisory services are satisfied over time and the Company recognizes revenue as time passes.
The fees we receive for our services under our investment advisory contracts are based on our AUM, which changes based on fluctuations in the financial markets. These fees are thereby constrained and represent variable consideration, and are excluded from revenue until the AUM on which our client is billed is no longer subject to market fluctuations.

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Revenue Recognition – Variable Rate Fees
The Company manages certain client accounts that provide for variable rate fees. These fees are calculated based on client investment results over rolling five-year periods. The Company records variable rate fees at the end of the contract measurement period because the variable fees earned are constrained based on movements in the financial markets. No variable rate fees were earned during the three months ended March 31, 2018 or 2017. The table below shows AUM subject to variable rate fees and the amount of variable rate fees that would be recognized based upon investment results as of March 31, 2018:
 
As of March 31, 2018
 
AUM subject to variable rate fees
Unearned variable rate fees
Contractual Period Ends:
 
 
Quarter Ending December 31, 2018
$
102,156,797

$
1,344,684

Quarter Ending September 30, 2019
33,972,696

554,469

Quarter Ending March 31, 2020
12,525,268


Quarter Ending September 30, 2021
260,254,923

3,057,232

Total
$
408,909,684

$
4,956,385


The contractual end dates highlight the time remaining until the variable rate fees are scheduled to be earned. The amount of variable rate fees that would be recognized based upon investment results as of March 31, 2018 will increase or decrease based on future client investment results through the contractual period end. There can be no assurance that the unearned amounts will ultimately be earned.
Revenue Recognition – Mutual Fund Administration
DHCM has an administrative and transfer agency services agreement with the Funds under which DHCM performs certain services for each Fund. These services include performance obligations including mutual fund administration, fund accounting, transfer agency and other related functions. These services are performed concurrently under our agreement with the Funds and all performance obligations for providing these administrative services are satisfied over time and the Company recognizes revenue as time passes. For performing these services each Fund pays DHCM a fee, which is calculated using an annual rate times the average daily net assets of each respective share class. These fees are thereby constrained and represent variable consideration, and are excluded from revenue until the AUM on which we bill the Funds is no longer subject to market fluctuations.
The Funds have selected and contractually engaged certain vendors to fulfill various services to benefit the Funds’ shareholders or to satisfy regulatory requirements of the Funds. These services include, among others, required shareholder mailings, federal and state registrations, and legal and audit services. DHCM, in fulfilling a portion of its role under the administration agreement with the Funds, acts as agent to pay these obligations of the Funds. Each vendor is independently responsible for fulfillment of the services it has been engaged to provide and negotiates fees and terms with the management and board of trustees of the Funds. The fee that each Fund pays to DHCM is reviewed annually by the Funds’ board of trustees and specifically takes into account the contractual expenses that DHCM pays on behalf of the Funds. As a result, DHCM is not involved in the delivery or pricing of these services and bears no risk related to these services. Revenue has been recorded net of these Fund related expenses. In addition, DHCM advances the upfront commissions that are paid to brokers who sell Class C shares of the Funds. These advances are capitalized and amortized over 12 months to correspond with the repayments DHCM receives from the principal underwriter to recoup this commission advancement.

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Mutual fund administration gross and net revenue are summarized below:
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Mutual fund administration:
 
 
 
Administration revenue, gross
$
6,607,337

 
$
6,436,359

Fund related expense
(3,468,325
)
 
(3,148,951
)
Revenue, net of related expenses
3,139,012

 
3,287,408

DHCM C-Share financing:
 
 
 
Broker commission advance repayments
96,478

 
113,470

Broker commission amortization
(84,778
)
 
(100,220
)
Financing activity, net
11,700

 
13,250

Mutual fund administration revenue, net
$
3,150,712

 
$
3,300,658

Income Taxes
The Company accounts for current and deferred income taxes through an asset and liability approach. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates on the date of enactment.
The Company is subject to examination by federal and applicable state and local jurisdictions for various tax periods. The Company’s income tax positions are based on research and interpretations of the income tax laws and rulings in each of the jurisdictions in which it does business. Due to the subjectivity of interpretations of laws and rulings in each jurisdiction, the differences and interplay in tax laws among those jurisdictions, as well as the inherent uncertainty in estimating the final resolution of complex tax audit matters, the Company’s estimates of income tax liabilities may differ from actual payments or assessments. The Company regularly assesses its position with regard to tax exposures and records liabilities for these uncertain tax positions and related interest and penalties, if any, according to the principles of FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had not recorded any liability for uncertain tax positions. The Company records interest and penalties, if any, within income tax expense on the income statement.
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) excludes dilution and is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of Common Shares outstanding for the period, which includes participating securities. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution of EPS due to unvested restricted stock units. See Note 8.
Newly Issued But Not Yet Adopted Accounting Guidance
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, "Leases", which, among other things, requires lessees to recognize most leases on-balance sheet. This will increase the reported assets and liabilities of lessees - in some cases significantly. Lessor accounting remains substantially similar to current GAAP. ASU 2016-02 supersedes Topic 840, Leases. ASU 2016-02 is effective for annual and interim periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. ASU 2016-02 mandates a modified retrospective transition method for all entities. The Company is currently assessing the impact of this standard on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

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Note 3 Investment Portfolio
As of March 31, 2018, the Company held investments (excluding money market funds, which are included with cash and cash equivalents) worth $191.5 million. The following table summarizes the carrying value of these investments as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017:
 
As of
 
March 31, 2018
December 31, 2017
Trading investments:
 
 
Securities held in Consolidated Funds(a)
$
136,883,340

$
65,890,500

Company sponsored investments
35,935,489

36,541,818

Company sponsored equity method investments
18,725,036

36,043,704

Total Investment portfolio
$
191,543,865

$
138,476,022

(a) Of the securities held in the Consolidated Funds as of March 31, 2018, $82.9 million were held directly by the Company and $54.0 million were held by noncontrolling shareholders. Of the securities held in the Consolidated Funds as of December 31, 2017, $42.6 million were held directly by the Company and $23.3 million were held by noncontrolling shareholders.

New consolidations of Company sponsored investments of $16.4 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2018 included the consolidation of the Diamond Hill Global Fund and the Diamond Hill High Yield Fund. As of December 31, 2017, these investments were classified as equity method investments.

As of March 31, 2018, our equity method investees consisted of the Diamond Hill Research Opportunities Fund and DHIEF and our ownership percentages in these investments were 29% and 30%, respectively. The Company's equity method investments consist of cash, marketable equity securities and fixed income securities. The following table includes the condensed summary financial information from the Company's equity method investments as of and for the period ended March 31, 2018:
 
As of
 
March 31, 2018
Total assets
$
95,706,817

Total liabilities
31,817,263

Net assets
63,889,554

DHCM's portion of net assets
18,725,036

 
 
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
March 31, 2018
Investment income
$
263,152

Expenses
239,059

Net realized losses
(978,480
)
Net change in unrealized appreciation/depreciation
(1,775,545
)
Net loss
(2,729,932
)
DHCM's portion of net loss
(785,939
)
Note 4 Line of Credit
The Company has an uncommitted Line of Credit Agreement (the "Credit Agreement") with a commercial bank that matures in December of 2018 and permits the Company to borrow up to $25.0 million. Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate equal to LIBOR plus 1.50%. The Company has not borrowed under the Credit Agreement as of and for the period ended March 31, 2018. No interest is payable on the unused portion of the Credit Agreement.
The proceeds of the Credit Agreement may be used by the Company and its subsidiaries for ongoing working capital needs, to seed new and existing investment strategies and other general corporate purposes. The Credit Agreement contains representations, warranties and covenants that are customary for agreements of this type.

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Note 5 Compensation Plans
Share-Based Payment Transactions
The Company issues restricted stock units and restricted stock awards (collectively, "Restricted Stock") under its 2014 Equity and Cash Incentive Plan ("2014 Plan"). Restricted stock units represent shares which may be issued in the future, whereas restricted stock awards represent common shares issued and outstanding upon grant subject to vesting restrictions. The following table represents a roll-forward of outstanding Restricted Stock and related activity during the three months ended March 31, 2018:
 
Shares
 
Weighted-Average
Grant Date Price
per Share
Outstanding Restricted Stock as of December 31, 2017
197,900

 
$
165.60

Grants issued
32,050

 
210.77

Grants vested
(5,750
)
 
67.86

Grants forfeited
(3,500
)
 
172.40

Total Outstanding Restricted Stock as of March 31, 2018
220,700

 
$
174.60

As of March 31, 2018, there were 307,023 common shares available for awards under the 2014 Plan.
Total deferred equity compensation related to unvested Restricted Stock grants was $23.9 million as of March 31, 2018. Compensation expense related to Restricted Stock grants is calculated based upon the fair market value of the common shares on grant date. The Company's policy is to adjust compensation expense for forfeitures as they occur. The recognition of compensation expense related to deferred compensation over the remaining vesting periods is as follows:
Nine Months 
 Remaining In
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
Thereafter
 
Total
$
5,473,910

 
$
6,624,716

 
$
4,976,188

 
$
3,570,860

 
$
2,559,799

 
$
702,275

 
$
23,907,748

Stock Grant Transactions
The following table represents common shares issued as part of our incentive compensation program during the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
Shares Issued
 
Grant Date Value
March 31, 2018
20,153

 
$
4,109,197

March 31, 2017
19,219

 
3,892,424

Deferred Compensation Plans
The Company offers two deferred compensation plans, the Diamond Hill Fixed Term Deferred Compensation Plan and the Diamond Hill Variable Term Deferred Compensation Plan (collectively the “Plans”). Under the Plans, participants may elect to voluntarily defer, for a minimum of five years, certain incentive compensation, which the Company then contributes into the Plans. Each participant is responsible for designating investment options for assets they contribute, and the distribution paid to each participant reflects any gains or losses on the assets realized while in the Plans. Assets held in the Plans are included in the Company’s investment portfolio, and the associated obligation to participants is included in deferred compensation liability. Assets held in the Plans are recorded at fair value. Deferred compensation liability was $24.0 million and $20.5 million as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively.

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Note 6 Operating Leases
The Company currently leases office space of approximately 37,829 square feet at one location. The following table summarizes the total lease and operating expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
March 31,
2018
 
March 31,
2017
Three Months Ended
$
256,290

 
$
231,463

The approximate future minimum lease payments under the operating lease are as follows:
 
Future Minimum Lease Payments
Nine Months 
 Remaining In
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
Thereafter
 
Total
$
439,762

 
$
595,807

 
$
624,179

 
$
624,179

 
$
624,179

 
$
1,092,000

 
$
4,000,106

In addition to the above lease payments, the Company is also responsible for normal operating expenses of the property. Such operating expenses were approximately $0.4 million in 2017, and are expected to be approximately the same in 2018.
Note 7 Income Taxes
The Company has determined its interim tax provision projecting an estimated annual effective tax rate. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was passed on December 22, 2017. Among other federal tax law changes, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, the new law establishes a flat corporate income tax rate of 21% to replace our prior year rate of 35% and eliminates the corporate alternative minimum tax. 
For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded income tax expense of $3.7 million, yielding an effective tax rate of 22.2%. The effective tax rate of 22.2% differed from the federal statutory tax rate of 21% due primarily to the additional income tax expense recorded in the state and city jurisdictions in which we do business, partially offset by $0.2 million of excess tax benefits from the vesting of stock awards.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded income tax expense of $6.5 million, yielding an effective tax rate of 33.1%. The effective tax rate of 33.1% differed from the federal statutory tax rate of 35% due primarily to $0.4 million of excess tax benefits from the vesting of stock awards. The tax benefits were partially offset by the additional income tax expense recorded in the state and city jurisdictions in which we do business.
The net temporary differences incurred to date will reverse in future periods as the Company generates taxable earnings. The Company believes it is more likely than not that the results of future operations will generate sufficient taxable income to realize the net deferred tax assets recorded. The Company records a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. As of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, no valuation allowance was deemed necessary.
FASB ASC 740, Income Taxes, prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return and also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. The Company did not record an accrual for tax related uncertainties or unrecognized tax positions as of March 31, 2018 or December 31, 2017.

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Note 8 Earnings Per Share
The Company’s common shares outstanding consist of all shares issued and outstanding, including unvested restricted shares. Basic and diluted EPS are calculated under the two-class method. Restricted stock units are considered dilutive. The following table sets forth the computation for basic and diluted EPS and reconciliation between basic and diluted shares outstanding:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net Income
$
12,942,129

 
$
13,125,448

Less: Net income attributable to redeemable noncontrolling interest
47,332

 
(368,553
)
Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
12,989,461

 
$
12,756,895

 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of outstanding shares - Basic
3,487,923

 
3,428,888

Dilutive impact of restricted stock units
4,015

 
6,441

Weighted average number of outstanding shares - Diluted
3,491,938

 
3,435,329

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share attributable to common shareholders
 
 
 
Basic
$
3.72

 
$
3.72

Diluted
$
3.72

 
$
3.71

Note 9 Commitments and Contingencies
The Company indemnifies its directors, officers and certain of its employees for certain liabilities that might arise from their performance of their duties to the Company. From time to time, the Company is involved in legal matters relating to claims arising in the ordinary course of business. There are currently no such matters pending that the Company believes could have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.
Additionally, in the normal course of business, the Company enters into agreements that contain a variety of representations and warranties and which provide general indemnifications. Certain agreements do not contain any limits on the Company’s liability and could involve future claims that may be made against the Company that have not yet occurred. Therefore, it is not possible to estimate the Company’s potential liability under these indemnities. Further, the Company maintains insurance policies that may provide coverage against certain claims under these indemnities.

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ITEM 2:
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Forward-looking Statements
Throughout this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the Company may make forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, relating to such matters as anticipated operating results, prospects and levels of assets under management, technological developments, economic trends (including interest rates and market volatility), expected transactions and similar matters. The words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “should,” “hope,” “seek,” “plan,” “intend” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements that speak only as of the date thereof. While we believe that the assumptions underlying our forward-looking statements are reasonable, investors are cautioned that any of the assumptions could prove to be inaccurate and, accordingly, our actual results and experiences could differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in our forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause such actual results or experiences to differ from results discussed in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the adverse effect from a decline in the securities markets; a decline in the performance of our products; changes in interest rates; changes in national and local economic and political conditions; the continuing economic uncertainty in various parts of the world; changes in government policy and regulation, including monetary policy; our inability to attract or retain key employees; unforeseen costs and other effects related to legal proceedings or investigations of governmental and self-regulatory organizations; and other risks identified from time-to-time in other public documents on file with the SEC.
General
The Company derives its consolidated revenue and net income from investment advisory and fund administration services provided by DHCM. DHCM is registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. DHCM sponsors, distributes, and provides investment advisory and related services to various clients through the Funds, institutional accounts, the ETF, and the Partnerships.
The Company’s primary objective is to fulfill our fiduciary duty to our clients. Our secondary objective is to grow the intrinsic value of the Company in order to achieve an adequate long-term return for our shareholders.
Assets Under Management
Our revenue is derived primarily from investment advisory and administration fees. Investment advisory and administration fees paid to the Company are generally based on the value of the investment portfolios we manage and fluctuate with changes in the total value of our AUM. Substantially all of our AUM (95%) is valued based on readily available market quotations. AUM in the fixed income strategies (5%) is valued using evaluated prices from independent third-party providers. Fees are recognized in the period that the Company manages these assets.
Our revenues are highly dependent on both the value and composition of AUM. The following is a summary of our AUM by product and investment objective, and a roll-forward of the change in AUM for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017:
 
 
Assets Under Management
 
As of March 31,
(in millions, except percentages)
2018
 
2017
 
% Change
Proprietary funds
$
15,717

 
$
14,425

 
9
%
Sub-advised funds
1,576

 
1,441

 
9
%
Institutional accounts
4,636

 
4,467

 
4
%
Total AUM
$
21,929

 
$
20,333

 
8
%


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Assets Under Management
by Investment Strategy
 
As of March 31,
(in millions, except percentages)
2018
 
2017
 
% Change
Small Cap
$
1,429

 
$
1,771

 
(19
)%
Small-Mid Cap
3,399

 
3,418

 
(1
)%
Mid Cap
127

 
91

 
40
 %
Large Cap
10,767

 
9,015

 
19
 %
All Cap Select
467

 
415

 
13
 %
Long-Short
4,794

 
4,891

 
(2
)%
Global/International
17

 
5

 
240
 %
Corporate bonds
732

 
638

 
15
 %
Core fixed income
419

 
287

 
46
 %
  (Less: Investments in affiliated funds)(a)
(222
)
 
(198
)
 
12
 %
Total AUM
$
21,929

 
$
20,333

 
8
 %
(a) Certain of the Funds own shares of the Diamond Hill Short Duration Total Return Fund. The Company reduces its total AUM by these investments held in this affiliated fund.
 
 
 
 
 
Change in Assets
Under Management
 
For the Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2018
 
2017
AUM at beginning of the period
$
22,317

 
$
19,381

Net cash inflows (outflows)
 
 
 
proprietary funds
187

 
310

sub-advised funds
104

 
(78
)
institutional accounts
(35
)
 
(65
)
 
256

 
167

Net market appreciation (depreciation) and income
(644
)
 
785

Increase (decrease) during the period
(388
)
 
952

AUM at end of the period
$
21,929

 
$
20,333

Consolidated Results of Operations
The following is a discussion of our consolidated results of operations.
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts and percentages)
2018
 
2017
 
% Change
Total revenue
$
37,782

 
$
35,134

 
8
%
Net operating income
$
18,204

 
$
15,837

 
15
%
Net income attributable to common shareholders
$
12,989

 
$
12,757

 
2
%
Earnings per share attributable to common shareholders (Diluted)
$
3.72

 
$
3.71

 
%
Operating profit margin
48
%
 
45
%
 
 
Operating profit margin, as adjusted(a)
47
%
 
47
%
 
 
(a) Operating profit margin, as adjusted, is a non-GAAP performance measure. See the Use of Supplemental Data as Non-GAAP Performance Measure section within this report.

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Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 compared with Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
The Company generated net income attributable to common shareholders of $13.0 million ($3.72 per diluted share) for the three months ended March 31, 2018, compared with net income attributable to common shareholders of $12.8 million ($3.71 per diluted share) for the three months ended March 31, 2017. Revenue increased $2.6 million period over period primarily due to an increase in average AUM. The revenue increase was partially offset by an increase in operating expenses of $0.3 million primarily related to increases in compensation and related costs. The Company had $1.6 million in investment loss due to market depreciation for the three months ended March 31, 2018 compared to investment income of $3.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017.
Income tax expense decreased $2.8 million from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018 due to the reduction of the Company's effective tax rate from 33.1% to 22.2%. This reduction was primarily due to the impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, passed on December 22, 2017, which reduced our corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% quarter over quarter.
Operating profit margin was 48% for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 and 45% for the quarter ended March 31, 2017. Operating profit margin, as adjusted, was 47% for both the quarter ended March 31, 2018 and the quarter ended March 31, 2017. See Use of Supplemental Data as Non-GAAP Performance Measure section within this report. We expect that our operating margin may fluctuate from period-to-period based on various factors, including revenues; investment results; employee performance; staffing levels; development of investment strategies, products, or channels; and industry comparisons.
Revenue
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
2018
 
2017
 
% Change
Investment advisory
$
34,631

 
$
31,833

 
9
 %
Mutual fund administration, net
3,151

 
3,301

 
(5
)%
Total
$
37,782

 
$
35,134

 
8
 %
Investment advisory fees accounted for 92% and 91% of total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
Investment Advisory Fees. Investment advisory fees increased $2.8 million, or 9%, from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. Investment advisory fees are calculated as a percentage of the market value of client accounts at contractual fee rates, which vary by investment product. The increase in investment advisory fees was driven by an increase of 13% in average AUM period over period, and was partially offset by a decrease of two basis points in the average advisory fee rate from 0.64% for the three months ended March 31, 2017 to 0.62% for the three months ended March 31, 2018.
Mutual Fund Administration Fees. Mutual fund administration fees decreased $0.1 million, or 5%, from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. Mutual fund administration fees include administration fees received from the Funds, which are calculated as a percentage of average Funds' AUM. The decrease was due to a reduction in the administration fee rates paid by the funds as summarized in the table below. The decrease in the fee rates was partially offset by the 14% increase in average Funds' AUM from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The table below summarizes the decreases in the administration fee rates during the periods indicated:
 
Class A & C
Class I
Class Y
1/1/2017 - 5/31/2017
0.24%
0.19%
0.09%
6/1/2017 - 2/27/2018
0.23%
0.18%
0.08%
2/28/2018-3/31/2018
0.21%
0.17%
0.05%

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Table of Contents


Expenses
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
(in thousands, except percentages)
2018
 
2017
 
% Change
Compensation and related costs
$
14,387

 
$
13,679

 
5
 %
General and administrative
2,964

 
3,488

 
(15
)%
Sales and marketing
1,210

 
1,130

 
7
 %
Mutual fund administration
1,017

 
1,001

 
2
 %
Total
$
19,578

 
$
19,298

 
1
 %
Compensation and Related Costs. Employee compensation and benefits increased by $0.7 million, or 5%, from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. This increase is primarily due to an increase in incentive compensation of $1.1 million and an increase in salary and related benefits of $0.9 million. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in deferred compensation expense of $1.1 million, and a decrease in restricted stock expense of $0.2 million. Incentive compensation expense can fluctuate significantly period over period as we evaluate incentive compensation by reviewing investment performance, individual performance, Company performance and other factors.
General and Administrative. General and administrative expenses decreased by $0.5 million, or 15%, from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. This decrease was primarily due to a decrease in charitable donation expense of $0.3 million and a decrease in corporate legal expense of $0.2 million.
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expenses increased by $0.1 million, or 7%, from the three months ended March 31, 2017 to the three months ended March 31, 2018. The increase was primarily due to additional payments made to third party intermediaries related to the sale of our proprietary funds.
Mutual Fund Administration. Mutual fund administration expenses remained consistent period over period. Mutual fund administration expenses consist of both variable and fixed expenses. The variable expenses are based on Fund AUM and the number of shareholder accounts.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources of Liquidity
Our current financial condition is highly liquid, with a significant amount of our assets comprised of cash and cash equivalents, investments, and accounts receivable. Our main source of liquidity is cash flows from operating activities, which are generated from investment advisory and fund administration fees. Cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, and investments represented approximately 95% and 94% of total assets as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively. We believe these sources of liquidity, as well as our continuing cash flows from operating activities, will be sufficient to meet our current and future operating needs for at least the next 12 months.
Uses of Liquidity
In line with the Company’s primary objective to fulfill our fiduciary duty to clients and secondary objective to achieve an adequate long-term return for shareholders, we anticipate our main uses of cash will be for operating expenses and seed capital to fund new and existing investment strategies.
The Board of Directors and management regularly review various factors to determine whether we have capital in excess of that required for our business and the appropriate use of any excess capital. The factors considered include our investment opportunities, capital needed for investment strategies, risks, and future dividend and capital gain tax rates. Evaluating management’s stewardship of capital for shareholders is a central part of our investment discipline that we practice for our clients. We hold ourselves to the same standard.

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Table of Contents


Working Capital
As of March 31, 2018, the Company had working capital of approximately $180.3 million, compared to $162.5 million at December 31, 2017. Working capital includes cash, securities owned by common shareholders, prepaid expenses and current receivables, net of all liabilities. The Company has no debt, and we believe our available working capital is sufficient to cover current expenses and anticipated capital expenditures.
Below is a summary of securities owned by the Company as of March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
As of
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Corporate Investments:
 
 
 
Diamond Hill Core Bond Fund
$
34,311,586

 
$
30,529,852

Diamond Hill High Yield Fund
23,789,681

 
14,200,885

Diamond Hill Mid Cap Fund
17,123,830

 
19,270,451

Diamond Hill Research Opportunities Fund
14,751,372

 
15,409,571

Diamond Hill Valuation-Weighted 500 ETF
12,569,868

 
12,096,719

Diamond Hill Global Fund
9,812,871

 

Diamond Hill Global Fund, L.P.

 
2,055,196

Diamond Hill International Equity Fund, L.P.
1,168,649

 
1,173,870

Total Corporate Investments
113,527,857

 
94,736,544

Deferred Compensation Plan Investments in the Funds
23,994,156

 
20,480,790

Total investments held by DHCM
137,522,013

 
115,217,334

Redeemable noncontrolling interest in Consolidated Funds
54,021,852

 
23,258,688

Total Investment Portfolio
$
191,543,865

 
$
138,476,022

Cash Flow Analysis
Cash Flows from Operating Activities
The Company’s cash flows from operating activities are calculated by adjusting net income to reflect other significant operating sources and uses of cash, certain significant non-cash items such as share-based compensation, and timing differences in the cash settlement of operating assets and liabilities. We expect that cash flows provided by operating activities will continue to serve as our primary source of working capital in the near future.
For the three months ended March 31, 2018, net cash used in operating activities totaled $18.8 million. Cash used in operating activities was primarily driven by net purchases of trading securities held in the underlying investment portfolio of the Consolidated Funds of $35.1 million and the payment of accrued incentive compensation of $13.7 million. These cash outflows were partially offset by net income of $12.9 million, the add back of share-based compensation of $1.9 million, depreciation of $0.3 million, and the cash impact of timing differences in the settlement of assets and liabilities of $15.0 million. Absent the cash used by Consolidated Funds to purchase securities into their investment portfolios, cash flow provided by operations would have been $9.8 million.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $7.3 million. Cash inflows provided by operating activities were primarily driven by net income of $13.1 million, the add back of share-based compensation of $2.0 million and depreciation of $0.2 million, and the impact of timing differences in the settlement of assets and liabilities of $5.5 million. These cash inflows were partially offset by the net change in trading securities held in the underlying investment portfolio of the Consolidated Funds of $1.3 million and payment of accrued incentive compensation of $12.3 million. Absent the cash used by the Consolidated Funds to purchase securities into their investment portfolios, cash flow provided by operations would have been approximately $8.2 million.

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Table of Contents


Cash Flows from Investing Activities
The Company’s cash flows from investing activities consist primarily of capital expenditures and purchases and redemptions in our investment portfolio.
Cash flows used in investing activities totaled $2.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The Company purchased investments of $3.1 million and $0.1 million of property and equipment purchases during the period. These cash outflows were partially offset by redemptions of investments of $1.1 million.
Cash flows used in investing activities totaled $5.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The Company purchased corporate investments of $6 million. This cash outflow was partially offset by redemptions of investments of $1.1 million.
Cash Flows from Financing Activities
The Company’s cash flows from financing activities consist primarily of shares withheld related to employee tax withholding and distributions to or contributions from redeemable noncontrolling interest holders.
For the three months ended March 31, 2018, net cash provided by financing activities totaled $3.2 million, consisting of net subscriptions received in the Consolidated Funds from redeemable noncontrolling interest holders of $3.7 million, partially offset by the value of shares withheld related to employee tax withholding of $0.5 million.
For the three months ended March 31, 2017, net cash used in financing activities totaled $0.1 million, consisting of the value of shares withheld related to employee tax withholding of $0.8 million, primarily offset by net subscriptions received in the Consolidated Funds from redeemable noncontrolling interest holders of $0.7 million.
Supplemental Consolidated Cash Flow Statement
Our consolidated balance sheets reflect the investments and other assets and liabilities of the Consolidated Funds, as well as redeemable noncontrolling interests for the portion of the Consolidated Funds that are held by third party investors. Although we can redeem our net interest in the Consolidated Funds at any time, we cannot directly access or sell the assets held by the Consolidated Funds to obtain cash for general operations. Additionally, the assets of the Consolidated Funds are not available to our general creditors.

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The following table summarizes the condensed cash flows for the year ended March 31, 2018, that are attributable to Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc. and to the Consolidated Funds, and the related eliminations required in preparing the consolidated statements.
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Cash flow attributable to Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.
 
Cash flow attributable to Consolidated Funds
 
Eliminations
 
As reported on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
Cash flows from Operating Activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Income
$
12,989,461

 
$
(606,900
)
 
$
559,568

 
$
12,942,129

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Depreciation
285,823

 

 

 
285,823

Share-based compensation
1,851,702

 

 

 
1,851,702

Net (gains)/losses on investments
2,947,460

 
606,900

 
(559,568
)
 
2,994,792

Net change in trading securities held by Consolidated Funds

 
(35,143,135
)
 

 
(35,143,135
)
Other changes in assets and liabilities
(8,239,834
)
 
6,484,749

 

 
(1,755,085
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
9,834,612

 
(28,658,386
)
 

 
(18,823,774
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(27,136,892
)
 

 
24,996,545

 
(2,140,347
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(501,562
)
 
28,658,386

 
(24,996,545
)
 
3,160,279

Net change during the period
(17,803,842
)
 

 

 
(17,803,842
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
76,602,108

 

 

 
76,602,108

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
58,798,266

 
$

 
$

 
$
58,798,266


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Table of Contents


Use of Supplemental Data as Non-GAAP Performance Measure
As supplemental information, we are providing performance measures that are based on methodologies other than U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“non-GAAP”). We believe the non-GAAP measures below are useful measures of our core business activities, are important metrics in estimating the value of an asset management business and may enable more appropriate comparison to our peers. These non-GAAP measures should not be a substitute for financial measures calculated in accordance with GAAP, and may be calculated differently by other companies. The following schedule reconciles GAAP measures to non-GAAP measures for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in thousands, except percentages and per share data)
2018
 
2017
Total revenue
$
37,782

 
$
35,134

 
 
 
 
Net operating income, GAAP basis
$
18,204

 
$
15,837

Non-GAAP adjustment:
 
 
 
Gains (losses) on deferred compensation plan investments, net(1)
(515
)
 
584

Net operating income, as adjusted, non-GAAP basis(2)
17,689

 
16,421

Non-GAAP adjustment:
 
 
 
Tax provision on net operating income, as adjusted, non-GAAP basis(3)
(3,934
)
 
(5,437
)
Net operating income, as adjusted, after tax, non-GAAP basis(4)
$
13,755

 
$
10,984

 


 


Net operating income, as adjusted after tax per diluted share, non-GAAP basis(5)
$
3.94

 
$
3.20

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding, GAAP basis
3,492

 
3,435

 
 
 
 
Operating profit margin, GAAP basis
48
%
 
45
%
Operating profit margin, as adjusted, non-GAAP basis(6)
47
%
 
47
%
(1) Gains (losses) on deferred compensation plan investments, net: The gain (loss) on deferred compensation plan investments, which increases (decreases) deferred compensation expense included in operating income, is removed from operating income in the calculation because it is offset by an equal amount in investment income (loss) below net operating income on the income statement, and thus has no impact on net income attributable to the Company.
(2) Net operating income, as adjusted: This non-GAAP measure was calculated by taking the Company’s net operating income adjusted to exclude the impact on compensation expense of gains and losses on investments in the deferred compensation plan.
(3) Tax provision on net operating income, as adjusted: This non-GAAP measure represents the tax provision excluding the impact of investment related activity and is calculated by applying the tax rate from the actual tax provision to net operating income, as adjusted.
(4) Net operating income, as adjusted, after tax: This non-GAAP measure was calculated by taking the net operating income, as adjusted, less the tax provision on net operating income, as adjusted.
(5) Net operating income, as adjusted after tax per diluted share: This non-GAAP measure was calculated by dividing the net operating income, as adjusted after tax, by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
(6) Operating profit margin, as adjusted: This non-GAAP measure was calculated by dividing the net operating income, as adjusted, by total revenue.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
The Company has no off-balance sheet arrangements. We do not have any obligation under a guarantee contract, or a retained or contingent interest in assets or similar arrangement that serves as credit, liquidity or market risk support for such assets, or any other obligation, including a contingent obligation, under a contract that would be accounted for as a derivative instrument or arising out of a variable interest.

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Table of Contents


Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

Consolidation. We consolidate all subsidiaries and certain investments in which we have a controlling interest. We are generally deemed to have a controlling interest when we own the majority of the voting interest of a VRE or are deemed to be the primary beneficiary of a VIE. VIEs are entities that lack sufficient equity to finance its activities or the equity holders do not have defined power to direct the activities of the entity normally associated with an equity investment. Our analysis to determine whether an entity is a VIE or a VRE involves judgment and considers several factors, including an entity's legal organization, equity structure, the rights of the investment holders, our ownership interest in the entity, and our contractual involvement with the entity. We continually review and reconsider our VIE or VRE conclusions upon the occurrence of certain events, such as changes to our ownership interest or amendments to contract documents. Our VIEs are primarily sponsored investment entities and our variable interest consists of our equity ownership in these entities. The Company concluded we are not the primary beneficiary of any of these VIEs as of March 31, 2018, as we lack the power to control these entities.

Provisions for Income Taxes. The objectives of accounting for income taxes are to recognize the amount of taxes payable or refundable for the current year and deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in an entity’s financial statements or tax returns. Judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in our financial statements or tax returns.

Revenue Recognition on Performance-Based Advisory Contracts. We have certain investment advisory contracts in which a portion of the fees are based on investment performance achieved in the respective client portfolio in excess of a specified hurdle rate. These fees are calculated based on client investment results over rolling five-year periods. The Company records variable performance fees at the end of the contract measurement period because the variable fees earned are constrained based on movements in the financial markets.

Revenue Recognition when Acting as an Agent vs. Principal. The Funds have selected and contractually engaged certain vendors to fulfill various services to benefit the Funds’ shareholders or to satisfy regulatory requirements of the Funds. These services include, among others, required fund shareholder mailings, registration services, and legal and audit services. DHCM, in fulfilling a portion of its role under the administration agreement with the Funds, acts as agent to pay these obligations of the Funds. Each vendor is independently responsible for fulfillment of the services it has been engaged to provide and negotiates fees and terms with the management and board of trustees of the Funds. The fee that the Funds pay to DHCM is reviewed annually by the Funds’ board of trustees and specifically takes into account the contractual expenses that DHCM pays on behalf of the Funds. As a result, DHCM is not involved in the delivery or pricing of these services and bears no risk related to these services. Revenue has been recorded net of these Fund expenses, as it is the appropriate accounting treatment for this agency relationship.

ITEM 3:
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
There has been no material change in the information provided in Item 7A of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report.

ITEM 4:
Controls and Procedures
Management, including the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, has conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report (the “Evaluation Date”). Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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Table of Contents



PART II:
OTHER INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1:
Legal Proceedings
From time to time, the Company is party to ordinary, routine litigation that is incidental to its business. There are currently no such matters pending that the Company believes could have a material adverse effect on its consolidated financial statements.

ITEM 1A:
Risk Factors
There has been no material change to the information provided in Item 1A of the Company’s 2017 Annual Report.

ITEM 2:
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company did not purchase any of its Common Shares and did not sell any Common Shares that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933. The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s repurchase program of its Common Shares and shares withheld for tax payments due upon employee Restricted Stock which vested during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018:
 
Period
Total Number
of Shares Purchased(a)
 
Average Price
Paid Per Share
 
Total Number
of Shares Purchased
as part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
 
Maximum Number
of Shares That May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs(b)
January 1, 2018 through January 31, 2018
2,427

 
$
206.66

 

 
318,433

February 1, 2018 through February 28, 2018

 
$

 

 
318,433

March 1, 2018 through March 31, 2018

 
$

 

 
318,433

Total
2,427

 
$
206.66



 
318,433

 
(a)
All of the 2,427 shares of the Company's common shares purchased during the quarter ended March 31, 2018 represented shares withheld for tax payments due upon employee Restricted Stock which vested during the quarter.
(b)
The Company’s current share repurchase program was announced on August 9, 2007. The Board of Directors authorized management to repurchase up to 350,000 shares of the Company’s Common Shares in the open market and in private transactions in accordance with applicable securities laws. The Company’s share repurchase program is not subject to an expiration date.

ITEM 3:
Defaults Upon Senior Securities
None

ITEM 4:
Mine Safety Disclosures
None

ITEM 5:
Other Information
None


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Table of Contents


ITEM 6:
Exhibits
3.1
  
 
 
 
3.2
 
 
 
 
3.3
  
 
 
 
31.1
  
 
 
 
31.2
  
 
 
 
32.1
  
 
 
 
101.INS
  
XBRL Instance Document.
 
 
 
101.SCH
  
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document.
 
 
 
101.CAL
  
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.DEF
  
XBRL Taxonomy Definition Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.LAB
  
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document.
 
 
 
101.PRE
  
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document.


27

Table of Contents


DIAMOND HILL INVESTMENT GROUP, INC.
SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
DIAMOND HILL INVESTMENT GROUP, INC.
 
Date
 
Title
 
Signature
 
 
 
 
 
May 2, 2018
 
Chief Executive Officer and President
 
/s/ Christopher M. Bingaman
 
 
 
 
Christopher M. Bingaman
 
 
 
 
 
May 2, 2018
 
Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
 
/s/ Thomas E. Line
 
 
 
 
Thomas E. Line


28
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Section 2: EX-31.1 (EXHIBIT 31.1)

Exhibit


CERTIFICATION FOR QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
I, Christopher M. Bingaman, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 2, 2018
 
/s/ Christopher M. Bingaman
 
 
Christopher M. Bingaman
 
 
Chief Executive Officer




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Section 3: EX-31.2 (EXHIBIT 31.2)

Exhibit


CERTIFICATION FOR QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
I, Thomas E. Line, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a)
Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b)
Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c)
Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d)
Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a)
All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b)
Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: May 2, 2018
 
/s/ Thomas E. Line
 
 
Thomas E. Line
 
 
Chief Financial Officer



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Section 4: EX-32.1 (EXHIBIT 32.1)

Exhibit


CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO
TITLE 18, UNITED STATES CODE, SECTION 1350,
AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Diamond Hill Investment Group, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), Christopher M. Bingaman, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, and Thomas E. Line, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to Title 18, United States Code, Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

(1)
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
(2)
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

/s/ Christopher M. Bingaman
Print Name: Christopher M. Bingaman
Title: Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 2, 2018
 
/s/ Thomas E. Line
Print Name: Thomas E. Line
Title: Chief Financial Officer
Date: May 2, 2018




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