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Section 1: 10-K (FORM 10-K)

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

xANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017

OR

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from __________________ to _________________.

 

Commission file number: 0-23636

 

HAWTHORN BANCSHARES, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Missouri   43-1626350
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)    

 

132 East High Street, Box 688, Jefferson City, Missouri 65102

(Address of principal executive offices)                            (Zip Code)

 

(573) 761-6100

(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) OF THE ACT:

 

Title of Each Class   Name of Each Exchange on Which Registered
None   N/A

 

SECURITIES REGISTERED PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(g) OF THE ACT:

 

Common Stock, par value $1.00 per share

(Title of Class)

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one): 

 

Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer x

Non-accelerated filer ¨

    (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company ¨ Emerging growth company ¨  

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x

 

The aggregate market value of the 4,103,296 shares of voting and non-voting common equity of the registrant held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the $20.95 closing price of such common equity on June 30, 2017, the last business day of the registrant's most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $85,964,049. Aggregate market value excludes an aggregate of 1,733,146 shares of common stock held by officers and directors and by each person known by the registrant to own 5% or more of the outstanding common stock on such date. Exclusion of shares held by any of these persons should not be construed to indicate that such person possesses the power, direct or indirect, to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of the registrant, or that such person is controlled by or under common control with the registrant. As of March 7, 2018, the registrant had 6,046,907 shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share, issued and 5,798,009 shares outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Portions of the following documents are incorporated by reference into the indicated parts of this report: (1) 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders - Part II and (2) definitive Proxy Statement for the 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A - Part III.

 

 

 

 

  

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

This report and the documents incorporated by reference herein contain forward-looking statements, which are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties. See "Forward Looking Statements" under Item 7 of this report.

 

General

 

The Company, Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc., is a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended. Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc. was incorporated under the laws of the State of Missouri on October 23, 1992 as Exchange National Bancshares, Inc. and changed its name to Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc. in August 2007. The Company owns all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Union State Bancshares, Inc., which in turn owns all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Hawthorn Bank. The Company and Union State Bancshares each received approval from the Federal Reserve and elected to become a financial holding company on October 21, 2001.

 

The Company acquired Hawthorn Bank and its constituent predecessor banks, as well as Union State Bancshares, in a series of transactions that are summarized as follows:

 

·On April 7, 1993 the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of The Exchange National Bank of Jefferson City, a national banking association, pursuant to a corporate reorganization involving an exchange of shares;

 

·On November 3, 1997, the Company acquired Union State Bancshares, Inc., and Union's wholly-owned subsidiary, Union State Bank and Trust of Clinton;

 

·On January 3, 2000, the Company acquired Osage Valley Bank;

 

·Following the May 4, 2000 acquisition of Citizens State Bank of Calhoun by Union State Bank, Citizens State Bank merged into Union State Bank to form Citizens Union State Bank & Trust;

 

·On June 16, 2000, the Company acquired City National Savings Bank, FSB, which was then merged into Exchange National Bank; and

 

·On May 2, 2005, the Company acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of Bank 10, a Missouri state bank.

 

On December 1, 2006, the Company announced its development of a strategic plan in which, among other things, Exchange National Bank, Citizens Union State Bank, Osage Valley Bank and Bank 10 would be consolidated into a single bank under a Missouri state trust charter. This consolidation was completed in October 2007, and the subsidiary bank is now known as Hawthorn Bank.

 

Except as otherwise provided herein, references herein to the "Company" or "Hawthorn" include Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, and references herein to the "Bank" refers to Hawthorn Bank and its constituent predecessors.

 

Description of Business

 

Company. The Company is a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act that has elected to become a financial holding company. The Company's activities currently are limited to ownership, indirectly through its subsidiary (Union State Bancshares, Inc.), of the outstanding capital stock of Hawthorn Bank. In addition to ownership of its subsidiaries, the Company may seek expansion through acquisition and may engage in those activities (such as investments in banks or operations that are financial in nature) in which it is permitted to engage under applicable law. It is not currently anticipated that the Company will engage in any business other than that directly related to its ownership of its banking subsidiary or other financial institutions.

 

Union. Union State Bancshares, Inc. is a bank holding company registered under the Bank Holding Company Act that has elected to become a financial holding company. Union's activities currently are limited to ownership of the

 

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outstanding capital stock of Hawthorn Bank. It is not currently anticipated that Union will engage in any business other than that directly related to its ownership of Hawthorn Bank.

 

Hawthorn Bank. Hawthorn Bank was founded in 1932 as a Missouri bank and converted to a Missouri trust company on August 16, 1989. However, its predecessors trace their lineage back to the founding of Exchange National Bank in 1865. Hawthorn Bank has 24 banking offices, including its principal office at 132 East High Street in Jefferson City's central business district. See "Item 2. Properties".

 

Hawthorn Bank is a full service bank conducting a general banking and trust business, offering its customers checking and savings accounts, internet banking, debit cards, certificates of deposit, trust services, brokerage services, safety deposit boxes and a wide range of lending services, including commercial and industrial loans, single payment personal loans, installment loans and commercial and residential real estate loans.

 

Hawthorn Bank's deposit accounts are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the "FDIC") to the extent provided by law. Hawthorn Bank's operations are supervised and regulated by the FDIC and the Missouri Division of Finance. Periodic examinations of Hawthorn Bank are conducted by representatives of the FDIC and the Missouri Division of Finance. Such regulations, supervision and examinations are principally for the benefit of depositors, rather than for the benefit of the holders of Hawthorn Bank's common stock. See "Regulation Applicable to Bank Holding Companies" and "Regulation Applicable to the Bank".

 

Hawthorn Real Estate. Hawthorn Real Estate, LLC, a non-bank subsidiary of the Company, was formed in December 2008 in order to purchase and hold various nonperforming assets of Hawthorn Bank. The purpose for holding these nonperforming assets in Hawthorn Real Estate is to allow for the orderly disposition of these assets and strengthen Hawthorn Bank's financial position.

 

Real Estate Holdings of Missouri, LLC. Real Estate Holdings of Missouri, LLC, a non-bank subsidiary of the Company, was formed in March 2010 in order to purchase from Hawthorn Bank and hold parcels of foreclosed real property located in and around Kansas City, Missouri. The purpose for acquiring this foreclosed real estate in Real Estate Holdings of Missouri, LLC is to allow for the orderly, and potentially more expeditious, disposition of these assets and strengthen Hawthorn Bank's financial position.

 

Employees

 

As of December 31, 2017, Hawthorn and its subsidiaries had approximately 315 full-time and 34 part-time employees. None of its employees is presently represented by any union or collective bargaining group, and the Company considers its employee relations to be satisfactory.

 

Competition

 

Bank holding companies and their subsidiaries and affiliates encounter intense competition from nonbanking as well as banking sources in all of their activities. The Bank's competitors include other commercial banks, thrifts, savings banks, credit unions, and money market mutual funds. Thrifts and credit unions now have the authority to offer checking accounts and to make corporate and agricultural loans and were granted expanded investment authority by recent federal regulations. In addition, large national and multinational corporations have in recent years become increasingly visible in offering a broad range of financial services to all types of commercial and consumer customers. In the Bank's service areas, new competitors, as well as the expanding operations of existing competitors, have had, and are expected to continue to have, an adverse impact on the Bank's market share of deposits and loans in such service areas.

 

The Bank experiences substantial competition for deposits and loans within both its primary service areas of Jefferson City, Columbia, Clinton, Lee's Summit, Warsaw, Springfield, and Branson, Missouri and its secondary service area of the nearby communities in Cole, Boone, Henry, Cass, Benton, and Greene counties of Missouri. Hawthorn Bank's principal competition for deposits and loans comes from other banks within its primary service areas and, to an increasing extent, other banks in nearby communities. Based on publicly available information, management believes that Hawthorn Bank is the third largest (in terms of deposits) of the twelve banks within Cole county, the twelfth largest (in terms of deposits) of thirty-two banks within Boone county, the largest (in terms of deposits) of the seven banks within Henry county, the third largest (in terms of deposits) of the eighteen banks within Cass county, and the second largest (in terms

 

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of deposits) of the five banks within Benton county. The main competition for Hawthorn Bank's trust services is from other commercial banks, including those of the Kansas City metropolitan area.

 

Regulation Applicable to Bank Holding Companies

 

General. As a registered bank holding company and a financial holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act (the "BHC Act") and the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (the "GLB Act"), Hawthorn is subject to supervision and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "FRB"). The FRB has authority to issue cease and desist orders against bank holding companies if it determines that their actions represent unsafe and unsound practices or violations of law. In addition, the FRB is empowered to impose civil money penalties for violations of banking statutes and regulations. Regulation by the FRB is intended to protect depositors of the Bank, not the shareholders of Hawthorn. Hawthorn also is subject to a number of restrictions and requirements imposed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 relating to internal controls over financial reporting, disclosure controls and procedures, loans to directors or executive officers of the Hawthorn and its subsidiaries, the preparation and certification of the Hawthorn's consolidated financial statements, the duties of Hawthorn's audit committee, relations with and functions performed by Hawthorn's independent auditors, and various accounting and corporate governance matters.

 

Limitation on Activities. The activities of bank holding companies are generally limited to the business of banking, managing or controlling banks, and other activities that the FRB has determined to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. In addition, under the GLB Act, a bank holding company, all of whose controlled depository institutions are "well capitalized" and "well managed" (as defined in federal banking regulations) with "satisfactory" Community Reinvestment Act ratings, may declare itself to be a "financial holding company" and engage in a broader range of activities. As noted above, Hawthorn is registered as a financial holding company.

 

A financial holding company may affiliate with securities firms and insurance companies and engage in other activities that are financial in nature or incidental or complementary to activities that are financial in nature. "Financial in nature" activities include:

 

·securities underwriting, dealing and market making;

 

·sponsoring mutual funds and investment companies;

 

·insurance underwriting and insurance agency activities;

 

·merchant banking; and

 

·activities that the FRB determines to be financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity or which is complementary to a financial activity and does not pose a safety and soundness risk.

 

A financial holding company that desires to engage in activities that are financial in nature or incidental to a financial activity but not previously authorized by the FRB must obtain approval from the FRB before engaging in such activity. Also, a financial holding company may seek FRB approval to engage in an activity that is complementary to a financial activity, if it shows, among other things, that the activity does not pose a substantial risk to the safety and soundness of its insured depository institutions or the financial system.

 

A financial holding company generally may acquire a company (other than a bank holding company, bank or savings association) engaged in activities that are financial in nature or incidental to activities that are financial in nature without prior approval from the FRB. Prior FRB approval is required, however, before the financial holding company may acquire control of more than 5% of the voting shares or substantially all of the assets of a bank holding company, bank or savings association. In addition, under the FRB's merchant banking regulations, a financial holding company is authorized to invest in companies that engage in activities that are not financial in nature, as long as the financial holding company makes its investment with the intention of limiting the duration of the investment, does not manage the company on a day-to-day basis, and the company does not cross-market its products or services with any of the financial holding company's controlled depository institutions.

 

If any subsidiary bank of a financial holding company ceases to be "well-capitalized" or "well-managed" and fails to correct its condition within the time period that the FRB specifies, the FRB has authority to order the financial holding

 

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company to divest its subsidiary banks. Alternatively, the financial holding company may elect to limit its activities and the activities of its subsidiaries to those permissible for a bank holding company that is not a financial holding company. If any subsidiary bank of a financial holding company receives a rating under the Community Reinvestment Act (the "CRA") of less than "satisfactory", then the financial holding company is prohibited from engaging in new activities or acquiring companies other than bank holding companies, banks or savings associations until the rating is raised to "satisfactory" or better.

 

Limitation on Acquisitions. The BHC Act requires a bank holding company to obtain prior approval of the FRB before:

 

·taking any action that causes a bank to become a controlled subsidiary of the bank holding company;

 

·acquiring direct or indirect ownership or control of voting shares of any bank or bank holding company, if the acquisition results in the acquiring bank holding company having control of more than 5% of the outstanding shares of any class of voting securities of such bank or bank holding company, and such bank or bank holding company is not majority-owned by the acquiring bank holding company prior to the acquisition;

 

·acquiring substantially all of the assets of a bank; or

 

·merging or consolidating with another bank holding company.

 

Regulatory Capital Requirements. The FRB has issued risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to United States banking organizations. If a bank holding company's capital falls below minimum required levels, then the bank holding company must implement a plan to increase its capital, and its ability to pay dividends and make acquisitions of new bank subsidiaries may be restricted or prohibited. The risk-based capital guidelines that applied to us and our subsidiary bank prior to January 1, 2015 were based on the 1988 capital accord, referred to as Basel I, of the International Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (which we refer to as the "Basel Committee"), a committee of central banks and bank supervisors, as implemented by federal bank regulators. In 2008, the bank regulatory agencies began to phase-in capital standards based on a second capital accord issued by the Basel Committee, referred to as Basel II, for large or "core" international banks (generally defined for U.S. purposes as having total assets of $250 billion or more or consolidated foreign exposures of $10 billion or more). Because we do not anticipate controlling any large or "core" international bank in the foreseeable future, Basel II presently does not apply to us. On September 12, 2010, the Group of Governors and Heads of Supervision, the oversight body of the Basel Committee, announced agreement on the calibration and phase-in arrangements for a strengthened set of capital requirements, known as Basel III. In July 2013, the federal banking agencies announced new risk-based capital and leverage ratios to conform to the Basel III framework and address provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. With respect to the Company and the Bank, these requirements become effective on January 1, 2015.

 

The FRB's risk-based guidelines generally define a three-tier capital framework. Common Equity Tier 1 Capital generally includes common stock instruments and related surplus (net of treasury stock), retained earnings, and, subject to certain adjustments, minority common equity interests in subsidiaries, less goodwill and certain other adjustments. The rules require accumulated other comprehensive income to flow through to regulatory capital unless a one-time, irrevocable opt-out election is made. We did not make the opt-out election. Banking organizations are required to deduct goodwill and other intangible assets (other than certain mortgage servicing assets), net of associated deferred tax liabilities, from Common Equity Tier 1 Capital.  Deferred tax assets arising from temporary timing differences that cannot be realized through net operating loss (NOL) carrybacks are also deducted.  Deferred tax assets that can be realized through NOL carrybacks are not deducted but are subject to 100% risk weighting.  Defined benefit pension fund assets, net of any associated deferred tax liability, are deducted from Common Equity Tier 1 Capital unless the banking organization has unrestricted and unfettered access to such assets.  Reciprocal cross-holdings of capital instruments in any other financial institutions are deducted from capital, not just holdings in other depository institutions.  For this purpose, financial institutions are broadly defined to include securities and commodities firms, hedge and private equity funds and non-depository lenders.  Banking organizations are required to deduct non-significant investments (less than 10% of outstanding stock) in the capital of other financial institutions (including investments in trust preferred securities) to the extent these exceed 10% of Common Equity Tier 1 Capital subject to a 15% of Common Equity Tier 1 Capital cap.  Greater than 10% investments must be deducted if they exceed 10% of Common Equity Tier 1 Capital.  If the aggregate amount of certain items excluded from capital deduction due to a 10% threshold exceeds 17.65% of Common Equity Tier 1 Capital, the excess must be deducted. The federal banking agencies did not adopt a proposed rule as part of the new regulations that would have significantly changed the risk-weighting for residential mortgages.  Instead, the amended regulations

 

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continue to follow the capital rules that historically have applied to us, which assign a 50% risk-weighting to "qualifying mortgage loans" which generally consist of residential first mortgages with an 80% loan-to-value ratio (or which carry mortgage insurance that reduces the bank's exposure to 80%) that are not more than 90 days past due.  All other mortgage loans have a 100% risk weight.  The revised regulations apply a 250% risk-weighting to mortgage servicing rights, deferred tax assets that cannot be realized through NOL carrybacks and investments in the capital instruments of other financial institutions that are not deducted from capital.  The revised regulations also create a new 150% risk-weighting category for "high volatility commercial real estate loans" which are credit facilities for the acquisition, construction or development of real property other than for certain community development projects, agricultural land and one- to four-family residential properties or commercial real projects where: (i) the loan-to-value ratio is not in excess of interagency real estate lending standards; and (ii) the borrower has contributed capital equal to not less than 15% of the real estate's "as completed" value before the loan is made.

 

Tier 1 Capital generally includes Common Equity Tier 1 Capital plus Additional Tier 1 Capital elements, such as non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock and similar instruments meeting specified criteria and minority interests in subsidiaries that do not satisfy the requirements for Common Equity Tier 1 Capital treatment. Cumulative preferred stock (other than cumulative preferred stock issued to the U.S. Treasury under the Capital Purchase Program or the Small Business Lending Fund) does not qualify as Additional Tier 1 Capital.  Trust preferred securities and other non-qualifying capital instruments issued prior to May 19, 2010 by bank and savings and loan holding companies with less than $15 billion in assets as of December 31, 2009 or by mutual holding companies may continue to be included in Tier 1 Capital but will be phased out over 10 years beginning in 2016 for all other banking organizations.  These non-qualifying capital instruments, however, may be included in Tier 2 Capital. Tier 2 Capital may also include certain qualifying debt and the allowance for credit losses up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets and other adjustments.

 

The sum of the three tiers of capital less investments in unconsolidated subsidiaries represents the total capital. The risk-based capital ratios are calculated by dividing Common Equity Tier 1, Tier 1 and total capital by risk-weighted assets (including certain off-balance sheet activities). The FRB's capital adequacy guidelines require that bank holding companies maintain a Common Equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio equal to at least 4.5% of its risk-weighted assets, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio equal to at least 6% of its risk-weighted assets and a total risk-based capital ratio equal to at least 8% of its risk-weighted assets. In addition, bank holding companies generally are required to maintain a Tier 1 leverage ratio of at least 4%.

 

On December 31, 2017, Hawthorn was in compliance with the FRB's capital adequacy guidelines. Hawthorn's capital ratios on December 31, 2017 and the minimum requirements as of that date are shown below:

 

Tier I Leverage Ratio
(4% minimum
requirement)
   Common Equity Tier 1 Risk-
Based Capital Ratio (4.5%
minimum requirement)
   Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital
Ratio (6% minimum
requirement)
   Total Risk-Based
Capital Ratio (8%)
 
 9.33%   8.04%   10.72%   12.93%

 

In addition to higher capital requirements, bank holding companies are required to maintain a common equity Tier 1 capital conservation buffer of at least 2.5% of risk-weighted assets over and above the minimum risk-based capital requirements.  Institutions that do not maintain the required capital buffer will become subject to progressively more stringent limitations on the percentage of earnings that can be paid out in dividends or used for stock repurchases and on the payment of discretionary bonuses to senior executive management.  The capital conservation buffer requirement will be phased in over four years beginning in 2016. On January 1, 2016, the first phase of the requirement went into effect at 0.625% of risk-weighted assets, and the requirement will increase each subsequent year by an additional 0.625 percentage points, to reach its final level of 2.5% of risk weighted assets on January 1, 2019. Once fully phased in, the capital conservation buffer requirement effectively raises the minimum required risk-based capital ratios to 7% Common Equity Tier 1 Capital, 8.5% Tier 1 Capital and 10.5% Total Capital on a fully phased-in basis.

 

Interstate Banking and Branching. Under the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (the "Riegle-Neal Act"), a bank holding company is permitted to acquire the stock or substantially all of the assets of banks located in any state regardless of whether such transaction is prohibited under the laws of any state. The FRB will not approve an interstate acquisition if, as a result of the acquisition, the bank holding company would control more than 10% of the total amount of insured deposits in the United States or would control more than 30% of the insured deposits in the home state of the acquired bank. The 30% of insured deposits state limit does not apply if the acquisition

 

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is the initial entry into a state by a bank holding company or if the home state waives such limit. The Riegle-Neal Act also authorizes banks to merge across state lines, thereby creating interstate branches. The Bank and Savings Association Holding Company and Depository Institution Regulatory Improvements Act of 2010, a subset of the Dodd-Frank Act discussed below, permits banks to acquire and establish de novo branches in other states if a state bank in that other state would be permitted to establish the branch.

 

Under the Riegle-Neal Act, individual states may restrict interstate acquisitions in two ways. A state may prohibit an out-of-state bank holding company from acquiring a bank located in the state unless the target bank has been in existence for a specified minimum period of time (not to exceed five years). A state may also establish limits on the total amount of insured deposits within the state which are controlled by a single bank holding company, provided that such deposit limit does not discriminate against out-of-state bank holding companies.

 

Source of Strength. Bank holding companies, such as the Company, are required by statute to serve as a source of financial strength for their subsidiary depository institutions, by providing financial assistance to their insured depository institution subsidiaries in the event of financial distress. Under the source of strength requirement, the Company could be required to provide financial assistance to the Bank should it experience financial distress. Furthermore, the FRB has the right to order a bank holding company to terminate any activity that the FRB believes is a serious risk to the financial safety, soundness or stability of any subsidiary bank. The regulators may require these and other actions in support of controlled banks even if such action is not in the best interests of the bank holding company or its stockholders.

 

Liability of Commonly Controlled Institutions. Under cross-guaranty provisions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (the "FDIA"), bank subsidiaries of a bank holding company are liable for any loss incurred by the Deposit Insurance Fund (the "DIF"), the federal deposit insurance fund for banks, in connection with the failure of any other bank subsidiary of the bank holding company.

 

Bank Secrecy Act and USA PATRIOT Act. The Company and the Bank must comply with the requirements of the Bank Secrecy Act (the "BSA"). The BSA was enacted to prevent banks and other financial service providers from being used as intermediaries for, or to hide the transfer or deposit of money derived from, drug trafficking, money laundering, and other crimes. Since its passage, the BSA has been amended several times. These amendments include the Money Laundering Control Act of 1986, which made money laundering a criminal act, as well as the Money Laundering Suppression Act of 1994, which required regulators to develop enhanced examination procedures and increased examiner training to improve the identification of money laundering schemes in financial institutions. The USA PATRIOT Act, established in 2001, substantially broadened the scope of U.S. anti-money laundering laws and regulations by imposing significant new compliance and due diligence obligations, creating new crimes and penalties and expanding the extra-territorial jurisdiction of the United States. The regulations impose obligations on financial institutions to maintain appropriate policies, procedures and controls to detect, prevent, and report money laundering and terrorist financing. The regulations include significant penalties for non-compliance.

 

Missouri Bank Holding Company Regulation. Missouri prohibits any bank holding company from acquiring ownership or control of any bank or Missouri depository trust company that has Missouri deposits if, after such acquisition, the bank holding company would hold or control more than 13% of total Missouri deposits. Because of this restriction, among others, a bank holding company, prior to acquiring control of a bank or depository trust company that has deposits in Missouri, must receive the approval of the Missouri Division of Finance.

 

Regulation Applicable to the Bank

 

General. Hawthorn Bank, a Missouri state non-member depository trust company, is subject to the regulation of the Missouri Division of Finance and the FDIC. The FDIC is empowered to issue cease and desist orders against the Bank if it determines that any activities of the Bank represent unsafe and unsound banking practices or violations of law. In addition, the FDIC has the power to impose civil money penalties for violations of banking statutes and regulations. Regulation by these agencies is designed to protect the depositors of the Bank; not shareholders of Hawthorn.

 

Bank Regulatory Capital Requirements. The FDIC has adopted minimum capital requirements applicable to state non-member banks, which are similar to the capital adequacy guidelines established by the FRB for bank holding companies. Federal banking laws classified an insured financial institution in one of the following five categories, depending upon the amount of its regulatory capital:

 

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·"well-capitalized" if it has a total Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% or greater, a Common Equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6.5% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 8% or greater and a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% or greater (and is not subject to any order or written directive requiring the bank to adhere to a higher capital ratio);

 

·"adequately capitalized" if it has a total Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% or greater, a Common Equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 4.5% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% or greater, and a total risk-based capital ratio of 8% or greater;

 

·"undercapitalized" if it has a total Tier 1 leverage ratio that is less than 4%, a Common Equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 4.5%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 6% or a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 8%;

 

·"significantly undercapitalized" if it has a total Tier 1 leverage ratio that is less than 3%, a Common Equity Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 3%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 4% or a total risk-based ratio that is less than 6%; and

 

·"critically undercapitalized" if it has a Tier 1 leverage ratio that is equal to or less than 2%.

 

Federal regulatory agencies are required to take prompt corrective action against undercapitalized financial institutions. On December 31, 2017, the Bank was classified as "well-capitalized," which is required for Hawthorn to remain a financial holding company. The capital ratios and classifications of the Bank as of December 31, 2017 and the minimum requirements as of such date are shown on the following chart.

 

Tier 1 Leverage Ratio
(5% minimum
requirement)
   Common Equity Tier 1
Risk-Based Capital Ratio
(6.5% minimum
requirement)
   Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital
Ratio (8% minimum
requirement)
   Total Risk-Based Capital
Ratio (10%)
 
 10.38%   11.92%   11.92%   12.83%

 

Limitations on Interest Rates and Loans to One Borrower. The rate of interest a bank may charge on certain classes of loans is limited by state and federal law. At certain times in the past, these limitations have resulted in reductions of net interest margins on certain classes of loans. Federal and state laws impose additional restrictions on the lending activities of banks. The maximum amount that a Missouri state-chartered bank may lend to any one person or entity is generally limited to 15% of the unimpaired capital of the bank located in a city having a population of 100,000 or more, 20% of the unimpaired capital of the bank located in a city having a population of less than 100,000 and over 7,000, and 25% of the unimpaired capital of the bank if located elsewhere in the state. In the case of Missouri state-chartered banks with a composite rating of 1 or 2 under the Capital, Assets, Management, Earnings, Liquidity and Sensitivity (CAMELS) rating system, the maximum amount is the greater of (i) the limits listed in the foregoing sentence or (ii) 25% of the unimpaired capital of the bank.

 

Payment of Dividends. The Company's primary source of funds is dividends from the Bank, and the Bank is subject to federal and state laws limiting the payment of dividends. Under the FDIA, an FDIC-insured institution may not pay dividends while it is undercapitalized or if payment would cause it to become undercapitalized. The National Bank Act and Missouri banking law also prohibit the declaration of a dividend out of the capital and surplus of the bank.

 

Community Reinvestment Act. The Bank is subject to the CRA and implementing regulations. The CRA regulations establish the framework and criteria by which the bank regulatory agencies assess an institution's record of helping to meet the credit needs of its community, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods. CRA ratings are taken into account by regulators in reviewing certain applications made by Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary.

 

Limitations on Transactions with Affiliates. Hawthorn and its non-bank subsidiaries are "affiliates" within the meaning of the Federal Reserve Act. The amount of loans or extensions of credit which the Bank may make to non-bank affiliates, or to third parties secured by securities or obligations of the non-bank affiliates, are substantially limited by the Federal Reserve Act and the FDIA. Such acts further restrict the range of permissible transactions between a bank and an affiliated company. A bank and its subsidiaries may engage in certain transactions, including loans and purchases of assets,

 

 8 

 

 

with an affiliated company only if the terms and conditions of the transaction, including credit standards, are substantially the same as, or at least as favorable to the bank as, those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliated companies or, in the absence of comparable transactions, on terms and conditions that would be offered to non-affiliated companies.

 

Other Banking Activities. The investments and activities of the Bank are also subject to regulation by federal and state banking agencies regarding, among other things, investments in subsidiaries, investments for their own account (including limitations on investments in junk bonds and equity securities), loans to officers, directors and their affiliates, security requirements, anti-tying limitations, anti-money laundering, financial privacy and customer identity verification requirements, truth-in-lending, the types of interest bearing deposit accounts which it can offer, trust department operations, brokered deposits, audit requirements, issuance of securities, branching and mergers and acquisitions.

 

Changes in Laws and Monetary Policies

 

Recent Legislation. Various pieces of legislation, including proposals to change substantially the financial institution regulatory system, are from time to time introduced and considered by the Missouri state legislature and the United States Congress. In July 2010, President Barack Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the "Dodd-Frank Act"), which enacted substantial changes to the legal framework of the entire financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act mandates the passage of numerous rules and regulations by various regulatory agencies over the next few years. It also creates the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which will overtake supervision of most providers of consumer financial products and services, and will be empowered to declare acts or practices related to the delivery of a consumer financial product or service to be "unfair, deceptive or abusive." This law will continue to change banking regulation and the operating environment of Hawthorn in substantial and unpredictable ways. These changes could increase or decrease the cost of doing business, limit or expand permissible activities or affect the competitive balance among banks, savings associations, credit unions and other financial institutions. Hawthorn cannot predict the impact that the Dodd-Frank Act, and the various regulations issued thereunder will have on its business.

 

Fiscal Monetary Policies. Hawthorn's business and earnings are affected significantly by the fiscal and monetary policies of the federal government and its agencies. Hawthorn is particularly affected by the policies of the FRB, which regulates the supply of money and credit in the United States. Among the instruments of monetary policy available to the FRB are:

 

·conducting open market operations in United States government securities;

 

·changing the discount rates of borrowings of depository institutions;

 

·imposing or changing reserve requirements against depository institutions' deposits; and

 

·imposing or changing reserve requirements against certain borrowings by bank and their affiliates.

 

These methods are used in varying degrees and combinations to directly affect the availability of bank loans and deposits, as well as the interest rates charged on loans and paid on deposits. The policies of the FRB have a material effect on Hawthorn's business, results of operations and financial condition.

 

The references in the foregoing discussion to various aspects of statutes and regulation are merely summaries, which do not purport to be complete and which are qualified in their entirety by reference to the actual statutes and regulations.

 

Available Information

 

The address of the Company's principal executive offices is 132 East High Street, Jefferson City, Missouri 65102 and the telephone number at this location is (573)761-6100. The Company's common stock trades on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol "HWBK".

 

We electronically file certain documents with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). We file annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K (as appropriate), along with any related amendments and supplements. From time-to-time, we also may file registration and related statements pertaining to equity or debt offerings. You may read and download the Company's SEC filings over the internet from several

 

 9 

 

 

commercial document retrieval services as well as at the SEC's internet website (www.sec.gov). You may also read and copy the Company's SEC filings at the SEC's public reference room located at 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549. Please call the SEC 1-800-SEC-0330 for further information concerning the public reference room and any applicable copy charges.

 

The Company's internet website address is www.hawthornbancshares.com. Under the "Documents" menu tab of the Company's website (www.hawthornbancshares.com), we make available, without charge, the Company's public filings with the SEC, including the Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, or any amendments to those reports filed or furnished to the SEC pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Please note that any internet addresses provided in this report are for information purposes only and are not intended to be hyperlinks. Accordingly, no information found and/or provided at such internet addresses is intended or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

Risk Factors

 

We are identifying important risks and uncertainties that could affect the Company's results of operations, financial condition or business and that could cause them to differ materially from the Company's historical results of operations, financial condition or business, or those contemplated by forward-looking statements made herein or elsewhere, by, or on behalf of, the Company. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, those factors described below. The risk factors highlighted below are not necessarily the only ones that the Company faces.

 

Because We Primarily Serve Central And West Central Missouri, A Decline In The Local Economic Conditions Could Lower The Company's Profitability. The profitability of Hawthorn is dependent on the profitability of its banking subsidiary, which operates out of central and west central Missouri. The financial condition of this bank is affected by fluctuations in the economic conditions prevailing in the portion of Missouri in which its operations are located. Accordingly, the financial conditions of both Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary would be adversely affected by deterioration in the general economic and real estate climate in Missouri.

 

An increase in unemployment, a decrease in profitability of regional businesses or real estate values or an increase in interest rates are among the factors that could weaken the local economy. With a weaker local economy:

 

customers may not want or need the products and services of the Bank,

 

borrowers may be unable to repay their loans,

 

the value of the collateral security of the Bank's loans to borrowers may decline,

 

the number of loan delinquencies and foreclosures may increase, and

 

the overall quality of the Bank's loan portfolio may decline.

 

Originating mortgage loans and consumer loans is a significant source of profits for Hawthorn's banking subsidiary. If individual customers in the local area do not want or need these loans, profits may decrease. Although the Bank could make other investments, the Bank may earn less revenue on these investments than on loans. Also, the Bank's losses on loans may increase if borrowers are unable to make payments on their loans.

 

Interest Rate Changes May Reduce The Profitability Of The Company And Of The Bank. The primary source of earnings for Hawthorn's banking subsidiary is net interest income. To be profitable, the Bank has to earn more money in interest and fees on loans and other interest-earning assets than it pays as interest on deposits and other interest-bearing liabilities and as other expenses. If prevailing interest rates decrease, the amount of interest the Bank earn on loans and investment securities may decrease more rapidly than the amount of interest the Bank has to pay on deposits and other interest-bearing liabilities. This would result in a decrease in the profitability of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary.

 

Changes in the level or structure of interest rates also affect:

 

the Bank's ability to originate loans,

 

the value of the Bank's loan and securities portfolios,

 

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the Bank's ability to realize gains from the sale of loans and securities,

 

the average life of the Bank's deposits, and

 

the Bank's ability to obtain deposits.

 

Fluctuations in interest rates will ultimately affect both the level of income and expense recorded on a large portion of the Bank's assets and liabilities, and the fair value of all interest-earning assets, other than interest-earning assets that mature in the short term. The Bank's interest rate management strategy is designed to stabilize net interest income and preserve capital over a broad range of interest rate movements by matching the interest rate sensitivity of assets and liabilities. Although Hawthorn believes that its Bank's current mix of loans, mortgage-backed securities, investment securities and deposits is reasonable, significant fluctuations in interest rates may have a negative effect on the profitability of the Bank.

 

Our Business Depends On Our Ability To Successfully Manage Credit Risk. The operation of our business requires us to manage credit risk. As a lender, our banking subsidiary is exposed to the risk that borrowers will be unable to repay their loans according to their terms, and that the collateral securing repayment of their loans, if any, may not be sufficient to ensure repayment. In addition, there are risks inherent in making any loan, including risks with respect to the period of time over which the loan may be repaid, risks relating to proper loan underwriting, risks resulting from changes in economic and industry conditions and risks inherent in dealing with individual borrowers. In order to successfully manage credit risk, we must, among other things, maintain disciplined and prudent underwriting standards and ensure that our loan officers follow those standards. The weakening of these standards for any reason, such as an attempt to attract higher yielding loans, a lack of discipline or diligence by our employees in underwriting and monitoring loans, the inability of our employees to adequately adapt policies and procedures to changes in economic or any other conditions affecting borrowers and the quality of our loan portfolio, may result in loan defaults, foreclosures and additional charge-offs and may necessitate that we significantly increase our allowance for loan losses, each of which could adversely affect our net income. As a result, our inability to successfully manage credit risk could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

 

The Company's Profitability Depends On The Bank's Asset Quality And Lending Risks. Success in the banking industry largely depends on the quality of loans and other assets. The loan officers of Hawthorn's banking subsidiary are actively encouraged to identify deteriorating loans. Loans are also monitored and categorized through an analysis of their payment status. The Bank's failure to timely and accurately monitor the quality of its loans and other assets could have a materially adverse effect on the operations and financial condition of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary. There is a degree of credit risk associated with any lending activity. The Bank attempts to minimize its credit risk through loan diversification. Although the Bank's loan portfolio is varied, with no undue concentration in any one industry, substantially all of the loans in the portfolio have been made to borrowers in central, west central, and southwest Missouri. Therefore, the loan portfolio is susceptible to factors affecting the central, west central, and southwest Missouri area and the level of non-performing assets is heavily dependent upon local conditions. There can be no assurance that the level of the Bank's non-performing assets will not increase above current levels. High levels of non-performing assets could have a materially adverse effect on the operations and financial condition of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary.

 

The Provision For Probable Loan Losses May Need To Be Increased. Hawthorn's banking subsidiary makes a provision for loan losses based upon management's estimate of probable losses in the loan portfolio and its consideration of prevailing economic and environmental conditions. The amount of future loan losses is susceptible to changes in economic, operating and other conditions, including changes in interest rates, which may be beyond the Company's control, and these losses may exceed current estimates. We cannot fully predict the amount or timing of losses or whether the loss allowance will be adequate in the future. The Bank may need to increase the provision for loan losses through additional provisions in the future if, among other things, the financial condition of any of its borrowers deteriorates, if its borrower fails to perform its obligations to it, or if real estate values decline. Furthermore, various regulatory agencies, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the Bank's loan portfolio, provision for loan losses, and real estate acquired by foreclosure. Such agencies may require the Bank to recognize additions to the provision for loan losses based on their judgments of information available to them at the time of the examination. Any additional provision for probable loan losses, whether required as a result of regulatory review or initiated by Hawthorn itself, may materially alter the financial outlook of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary and may have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

 

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Adverse Market Conditions In The U.S. Economy And The Markets In Which We Operate Could Adversely Impact The Company's Business. General downward economic trends, reduced availability of commercial credit, and increasing unemployment have negatively impacted the credit performance of commercial and consumer credit, resulting in additional write-downs. Concerns over the stability of the financial markets and the economy have resulted in decreased lending by financial institutions to their customers and to each other. This market turmoil and tightening of credit has led to increased commercial and consumer deficiencies, lack of customer confidence, increased market volatility and widespread reduction in general business activity. Competition among depository institutions for deposits has increased significantly. Financial institutions have experienced decreased access to deposits or borrowings.

 

Although there has been a modest recovery in the domestic economy, there can be no assurance that the economy will not enter into another recession, whether in the near or long term future. Furthermore, real estate values and the demand for commercial real estate loans have not fully recovered, and reduced availability of commercial credit and continuing unemployment have negatively impacted the credit performance of commercial and consumer credit. Additional market developments such as a relapse or worsening of economic conditions in other parts of the world would likely exacerbate the lingering effects of the difficult market conditions experienced by us and others in the financial services industry and could further slow, stall or reverse the slow recovery in the U.S. A further deterioration of overall market conditions, a continuation of the economic downturn or prolonged economic stagnation in the Company's markets may have a negative impact on its business, financial condition, results of operations and the trading price of its common stock. If the strength of the U.S. economy in general and the strength of the economy in areas where we lend were to stagnate or decline, this could result in, among other things, a deterioration in credit quality or a reduced demand for credit, including a resultant adverse effect on the Company's loan portfolio and provision for losses on loans. This may exacerbate the Company's exposure to credit risk, impair the Company's ability to assess the creditworthiness of its customers or to estimate the values of its assets and adversely affect the ability of borrowers to perform under the terms of their lending arrangements with us. Negative conditions in the real estate markets where we operate could adversely affect borrowers' ability to repay their loans and the value of the underlying collateral. Real estate values are affected by various factors, including general economic conditions, governmental rules or policies and natural disasters. These factors may adversely impact borrowers' ability to make required payments, which in turn, may negatively impact the Company's financial results. As a result of the difficult market and economic conditions referred to above, there is a potential for new federal or state laws and regulations regarding lending and funding practices and liquidity standards, and for bank regulatory agencies to be very aggressive in responding to concerns and trends identified in examinations. This increased government action may increase costs and limit the Company's ability to pursue certain business opportunities.

 

We cannot predict whether the difficult market and economic conditions will improve in the near future. A worsening of these conditions would likely exacerbate the adverse effects of these difficult conditions on the Company, its customers and the other financial institutions in its market. As a result, we may experience increases in foreclosures, delinquencies and customer bankruptcies, as well as more restricted access to funds, and the Company's business, financial condition, results of operations and stock price may be adversely affected.

 

The Soundness Of Other Financial Institutions Could Adversely Affect Us. The Company's ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty or other relationships. We have exposure to many different industries and counterparties, and we routinely execute transactions with counterparties in the financial industry, including brokers and dealers, commercial banks, investment banks, mutual and hedge funds, and other institutional clients. As a result, defaults by, or even rumors or questions about, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry generally, have led to market-wide liquidity problems and could lead to losses or defaults by us or by other institutions. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of a counterparty or client. In addition, the Company's credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be realized upon or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the loan or derivative exposure due us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially and adversely affect the Company's results of operations.

 

Deterioration In The Housing Market Could Cause Further Increases In Delinquencies And Non-Performing Assets, Including Loan Charge-Offs, And Depress The Company's Income And Growth. The volume of one-to-four family residential mortgages and home equity lines of credit may decrease during economic downturns as a result of, among other things, a decrease in real estate values, an increase in unemployment, a slowdown in housing price

 

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appreciation or increases in interest rates. These factors could reduce earnings and consequently the Company's financial condition because:

 

borrowers may not be able to repay their loans;

 

the value of the collateral securing loans may decline further;

 

the quality of the Company's loan portfolio may decline further; and

 

customers may not want or need the Company's products and services.

 

Any of these scenarios could cause an increase in delinquencies and non-performing assets, require us to charge-off a higher percentage of loans, increase substantially the provision for losses on loans, or make fewer loans, which would reduce income.

 

The FDIC's Changes in the Calculation of Deposit Insurance Premiums and Ability to Levy Special Assessments Could Increase The Company's Non-Interest Expense And May Reduce Its Profitability. The range of base assessment rates historically varies from 12 to 45 basis points depending on an institution's risk category, with newly added financial measures resulting in increased assessment rates for institutions heavily relying on brokered deposits to support rapid asset growth. However, the Dodd-Frank Act requires the FDIC to amend its regulations to redefine the assessment base used for calculating deposit insurance assessments. On February 9, 2011, the FDIC adopted a final rule that defines the assessment base as the average consolidated total assets during the assessment period minus the average tangible equity of the insured depository institution during the assessment period. The FDIC also imposed a new assessment rate scale (which was revised further in 2016). Under the new system, banks will pay assessments at a rate between 3 and 30 basis points per assets minus tangible equity, depending upon an institution's risk category (the final rule also includes progressively lower assessment rate schedules when the FDIC's reserve ratio reaches certain levels). The rulemaking changes the current assessment rate schedule so the schedule will result in the collection of assessment revenue that is approximately the same as generated under the current rate schedule and current assessment base. Nearly all banks with assets less than $10 billion will pay smaller deposit insurance assessments as a result of the new rule. The majority of the changes in the FDIC's final rule became effective on April 1, 2011. The FDIC has the statutory authority to impose special assessments on insured depository institutions in an amount, and for such purposes, as the FDIC may deem necessary. The change in the calculation methodology for deposit insurance premiums and the possible emergency special assessments could increase non-interest expense and may adversely affect the Company's profitability.

 

We May Elect Or Be Compelled To Seek Additional Capital In The Future, But That Capital May Not Be Available When It Is Needed. We are required by regulatory authorities to maintain adequate levels of capital to support operations. In addition, we may elect to raise additional capital to support the growth of the Company's business or to finance acquisitions, if any, or we may elect to raise additional capital for other reasons. In that regard, a number of financial institutions have recently raised considerable amounts of capital as a result of a deterioration in their results of operations and financial condition arising from the turmoil in the mortgage loan market, deteriorating economic conditions, declines in real estate values and other factors. Should we elect or be required by regulatory authorities to raise additional capital, we may seek to do so through the issuance of, among other things, common stock or securities convertible into common stock, which could dilute your ownership interest in the Company. Although we remain "well-capitalized" and have not had a deterioration in liquidity, the future cost and availability of capital may be adversely affected by illiquid credit markets, economic conditions and a number of other factors, many of which are outside of the Company's control. Accordingly, we cannot assure you of the ability to raise additional capital if needed or on terms acceptable to us. If we cannot raise additional capital when needed or on terms acceptable to us, it may have a material adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.

 

If We Are Unable To Successfully Compete For Customers In The Company's Market Area, The Company's Financial Condition And Results Of Operations Could Be Adversely Affected. Hawthorn's banking subsidiary faces substantial competition in making loans, attracting deposits and providing other financial products and services. The Bank has numerous competitors for customers in its market area.

 

Such competition for loans comes principally from:

 

  other commercial banks   mortgage banking companies
  savings banks   finance companies
  savings and loan associations   credit unions

 

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Competition for deposits comes principally from:

 

  other commercial banks   brokerage firms
  savings banks   insurance companies
  savings and loan associations   money market mutual funds
  credit unions   mutual funds (such as corporate and government securities funds)

 

Many of these competitors have greater financial resources and name recognition, more locations, more advanced technology and more financial products to offer than the Bank. Competition from larger institutions may increase due to an acceleration of bank mergers and consolidations in Missouri and the rest of the nation. In addition, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act removes many of the remaining restrictions in federal banking law against cross-ownership between banks and other financial institutions, such as insurance companies and securities firms. The law will likely increase the number and financial strength of companies that compete directly with the Bank. The profitability of the Bank depends of its continued ability to attract new customers and compete in Missouri. New competitors, as well as the expanding operations of existing competitors, have had, and are expected to continue to have, an adverse impact on the Bank's market share of deposits and loans in the Bank's service areas. If the Bank is unable to successfully compete, its financial condition and results of operations will be adversely affected.

 

We May Experience Difficulties In Managing Growth And In Effectively Integrating Newly Acquired Companies. As part of the Company's general strategy, it may continue to acquire banks and businesses that it believes provide a strategic fit with its business. To the extent that the Company does grow, there can be no assurances that we will be able to adequately and profitably manage such growth. Acquiring other banks and businesses will involve risks commonly associated with acquisitions, including:

 

potential exposure to liabilities of the banks and businesses acquired;
difficulty and expense of integrating the operations and personnel of the banks and businesses acquired;
difficulty and expense of instituting the necessary systems and procedures, including accounting and financial reporting systems, to manage the combined enterprises on a profitable basis;
potential disruption to existing business and operations;
potential diversion of the time and attention of management; and
impairment of relationships with and the possible loss of key employees and customers of the banks and businesses acquired.

 

The success of the Company's internal growth strategy will depend primarily on the ability of the Bank to generate an increasing level of loans and deposits at acceptable risk levels and on acceptable terms without significant increases in non-interest expenses relative to revenues generated. There is no assurance that we will be successful in implementing the Company's internal growth strategy.

 

We May Be Adversely Affected By Changes In Laws And Regulations Affecting The Financial Services Industry. Banks and bank holding companies such as Hawthorn are subject to regulation by both federal and state bank regulatory agencies. The regulations, which are designed to protect borrowers and promote certain social policies, include limitations on the operations of banks and bank holding companies, such as minimum capital requirements and restrictions on dividend payments. The regulatory authorities have extensive discretion in connection with their supervision and enforcement activities and their examination policies, including the imposition of restrictions on the operation of a bank, the classification of assets by an institution and requiring an increase in a bank's allowance for loan losses. These regulations are not necessarily designed to maximize the profitability of banking institutions.

 

In July 2010, President Barack Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Act, which enacted substantial changes to the legal framework of the entire financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act mandates the passage of numerous rules and regulations by various regulatory agencies over the next few years. This legislation will change banking regulation and the operating environment of Hawthorn in substantial and unpredictable ways. It could increase or decrease the cost of doing business, limit or expand permissible activities or affect the competitive balance among banks, savings associations, credit unions and other financial institutions. Hawthorn cannot predict the impact that the Dodd-Frank Act, and the various regulations issued thereunder will have on its business.

 

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These, and other future changes in the banking laws and regulations and tax and accounting rules applicable to financial institutions, could have a material adverse effect on the operations and financial condition of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary.

 

The Short-Term And Long-Term Impact Of The Changing Regulatory Capital Requirements And New Capital Rules Is Uncertain. The federal banking agencies have substantially amended the regulatory capital rules applicable to us and the Bank. The amendments implement the "Basel III" regulatory capital reforms and changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act.  The amended rules include new minimum risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which became effective in January 2015, with certain requirements to be phased in beginning in 2016, and refined the definition of what constitutes "capital" for purposes of calculating those ratios.

 

The application of more stringent capital requirements to us and the Bank could, among other things, result in lower returns on invested capital, require the raising of additional capital, and result in regulatory actions if we were to be unable to comply with such requirements.  Implementation of changes to asset risk weightings for risk based capital calculations, items included or deducted in calculating regulatory capital and/or additional capital conservation buffers could result in management modifying its business strategy and could further limit the Company's ability to make distributions, including paying out dividends or buying back shares.

 

The Bank Is A Community Bank And Our Ability To Maintain The Bank's Reputation Is Critical To The Success Of Our Business And The Failure To Do So Could Materially Adversely Affect Our Performance. The Bank is a community bank, and its reputation is one of the most valuable components of our business. As such, we strive to conduct our business in a manner that enhances our reputation. This is done, in part, by recruiting, hiring and retaining employees who share our core values of being an integral part of the communities we serve, delivering superior service to our customers and caring about our customers and associates. If our reputation is negatively affected, by the actions of our employees or otherwise, our business and, therefore, our operating results could be materially adversely affected.

 

The Company's Success Largely Depends On The Efforts Of Its Executive Officers. The success of Hawthorn and its banking subsidiary has been largely dependent on the efforts of David Turner, Chairman, CEO, and President and the other executive officers. These individuals are expected to continue to perform their services. However, the loss of the services of Mr. Turner, or any of the other key executive officers could have a materially adverse effect on Hawthorn and its subsidiary bank.

 

If We Fail To Maintain An Effective System Of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, We May Not Be Able To Accurately Report Our Financial Results Or Prevent Fraud, And, As A Result, Investors And Depositors Could Lose Confidence In Our Financial Reporting, Which Could Adversely Affect Our Business, The Trading Price Of Our Stock, And Our Ability To Attract Additional Deposits. We are required to include in our annual reports filed with the SEC a report from our management regarding internal control over financial reporting. As a result, we documented and evaluated our internal control over financial reporting in order to satisfy the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and SEC rules and regulations, which require an annual management report on our internal control over financial reporting, including, among other matters, management's assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Failure or circumvention of our system of internal control could have an adverse effect on our business, profitability, and financial condition, and could result in regulatory actions and loss of investor confidence. Additionally, if we fail to identify and correct any significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the design or operating effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting or fail to prevent fraud, current and potential stockholders and depositors could lose confidence in our financial reporting, which could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations, the trading price of our stock and our ability to attract additional deposits.

 

We Are Subject To Security And Operational Risks Relating To Our Use Of Technology That Could Damage Our Reputation And Our Business. We rely heavily on communications and information systems to conduct our business. Furthermore, we have access to large amounts of confidential financial information and control substantial financial assets, including those belonging to our customers, to whom we offer remote access, and we regularly transfer substantial financial assets by electronic means. Our operations are dependent upon our ability to protect our computer equipment against damage from physical theft, fire, power loss, telecommunications failure or a similar catastrophic event, as well as from security breaches, denial of service attacks, viruses, worms and other disruptive problems caused by hackers. Any failure, interruption or breach in security of our systems could damage our reputation, result in a loss of customer business, subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or expose us to civil litigation and possible financial

 

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liability, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. Although we intend to continue to implement security technology and establish operational procedures to prevent such damage, our security measures may not be successful.

 

In addition, advances in computer capabilities, new discoveries in the field of cryptography or other developments could result in a compromise or breach of the algorithms we and our third-party service providers use to encrypt and protect customer transaction data. A failure of such security measures could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations. We also face the risk of operational disruption, failure, termination or capacity constraints caused by third parties that facilitate our business activities by providing technology such as software applications, as well as financial intermediaries. Such parties could also be the source of an attack on, or breach of, our operational systems, data or infrastructure.

 

We also face the potential risk of loss due to fraud, including commercial checking account fraud, automated teller machine ("ATM") skimming and trapping, write-offs necessitated by debit card fraud, and other forms of online banking fraud, which are becoming more sophisticated and present new challenges as mobile banking increases, as well as employee fraud. Employee errors could also subject us to financial claims for negligence. We maintain a system of internal controls and insurance coverage to mitigate against operational risks, including data processing system failures and errors and customer or employee fraud. Should our internal controls fail to prevent or detect an occurrence, and if any resulting loss is not insured or exceeds applicable insurance limits, such failure could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Operation Of Our Business, Including Our Interaction With Customers, Are Increasingly Done Via Electronic Means, And This Has Increased Our Risks Related To Cybersecurity. We are exposed to the risk of cyber-attacks in the normal course of business. In general, cyber incidents can result from deliberate attacks or unintentional events. We have observed an increased level of attention in the industry focused on cyber-attacks that include, but are not limited to, gaining unauthorized access to digital systems for purposes of misappropriating assets or sensitive information, corrupting data, or causing operational disruption. Cyber-attacks may also be carried out in a manner that does not require gaining unauthorized access, such as by causing denial-of-service attacks on websites. Cyber-attacks may be carried out by third parties or insiders using techniques that range from highly sophisticated efforts to electronically circumvent network security or overwhelm websites to more traditional intelligence gathering and social engineering aimed at obtaining information necessary to gain access. The objectives of cyber-attacks vary widely and can include theft of financial assets, intellectual property, or other sensitive information, including the information belonging to our banking customers. Cyber-attacks may also be directed at disrupting our operations.

 

We may incur substantial costs and suffer other negative consequences if we fall victim to successful cyber-attacks. Such negative consequences could include remediation costs that may include liability for stolen assets or information and repairing system damage that may have been caused; increased cybersecurity protection costs that may include organizational changes, deploying additional personnel and protection technologies, training employees, and engaging third party experts and consultants; lost revenues resulting from unauthorized use of proprietary information or the failure to retain or attract customers following an attack; litigation; and reputational damage adversely affecting customer or investor confidence.

 

We Continually Encounter Technological Change, And We Cannot Predict How Changes In Technology Will Affect Our Business. The financial services industry is continually undergoing rapid technological change with frequent introductions of new technology driven by products and services, which include developments in:

 

  telecommunications   internet-based banking
  data processing   telebanking
  automation   debit cards and so-called "smart cards"

 

The effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to better serve customers and to reduce costs. Our future success depends, in part, upon our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy customer demands, as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. We may not be able to effectively implement new technology driven products and services or be successful in marketing these products and services to our customers. Failure to successfully keep pace with technological change affecting the

 

 16 

 

 

financial services industry could have a material adverse impact on our business and, in turn, our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We Rely On Others To Provide Key Components Of Our Business Infrastructure. Third party vendors provide key components of our business infrastructure such as internet connections, network access and core application processing. While we have selected these third party vendors carefully, we do not control their actions. Any problems caused by these third parties, including as a result of their not providing us their services for any reason or their performing their services poorly, could adversely affect our ability to deliver products and services to our customers or otherwise conduct our business efficiently and effectively. Replacing these third party vendors could also entail significant delay and expense.

 

The Price Of Our Common Stock Could Fluctuate Significantly, And This Could Make It Difficult For You To Resell Shares Of Our Common Stock At Times Or At Prices You Find Attractive. The stock market and, in particular, the market for financial institution stocks, has experienced significant volatility during the recent economic downturn. In some cases, the markets have produced downward pressure on stock prices for certain issuers without regard to those issuers' underlying financial strength. As a result, the trading volume in our common stock could fluctuate more than usual and cause significant price variations to occur. This could make it difficult for you to resell shares of our common stock at times or at prices you find attractive.

 

The trading price of the shares of our common stock will depend on many factors that could change from time to time and could be beyond our control. Among the factors that could affect our stock price are those identified under the heading "Forward-Looking Statements" in Item 7 of this report and as follows:

 

·actual or anticipated quarterly fluctuations in our operating results and financial condition;

 

·changes in financial estimates or publication of research reports and recommendations by financial analysts or actions taken by rating agencies with respect to our common stock or those of other financial institutions;

 

·failure to meet analysts' revenue or earnings estimates;

 

·speculation in the press or investment community generally or relating to our reputation, our market area, our competitors or the financial services industry in general;

 

·strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions, restructurings, dispositions or financings;

 

·actions by our current stockholders, including sales of common stock by existing stockholders and/or directors and executive officers;

 

·fluctuations in the stock price and operating results of our competitors;

 

·future sales of our equity, equity-related or debt securities;

 

·changes in the frequency or amount of dividends or share repurchases;

 

·proposed or adopted regulatory changes or developments;

 

·investigations, proceedings or litigation that involve or affect us;

 

·trading activities in our common stock, including short-selling;

 

·domestic and local economic factors unrelated to our performance; and

 

·general market conditions and, in particular, developments related to market conditions for the financial services industry.

 

A significant decline in our stock price could result in substantial losses for individual stockholders and could lead to costly and disruptive securities litigation.

 

The Trading Volume In Our Common Stock Has Been Low, And The Sale Of A Substantial Number Of Shares Of Our Common Stock In The Public Market Could Depress The Price Of Our Common Stock And Make It Difficult For You To Sell Your Shares. Our common stock is listed to trade on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, but is thinly traded. As a result, you may not be able to sell your shares of common stock on short notice. Additionally,

 

 17 

 

 

thinly traded stock can be more volatile than stock trading in an active public market. The sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock at one time could temporarily depress the market price of our common stock, making it difficult for you to sell your shares and impairing our ability to raise capital.

 

Our Common Stock Is Not Insured By Any Governmental Entity. Our common stock is not a deposit account or other obligation of any bank and is not insured by the FDIC or any other governmental entity.

 

Additional Factors. Additional risks and uncertainties that may affect the future results of operations, financial condition or business of the Company and its banking subsidiary include, but are not limited to: (i) adverse publicity, news coverage by the media, or negative reports by brokerage firms, industry and financial analysts regarding the Bank or the Company; and (ii) changes in accounting policies and practices.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties.

 

Neither the Company nor Union State Bancshares owns or leases any property. The Company's principal offices are located at 132 East High Street, Jefferson City, Missouri 65102. The table below provides a list of the Bank's facilities.

 

            Net Book 
            Value at 
   Approximate   Owned or    12/31/2017 
Location  Square Footage   Leased    (in thousands) 
8127 East 171st Street, Belton, MO   13,000   Owned    $1,725 
4675 Gretna Road, Branson, MO   11,000(1)  Owned    $1,296 
1000 West Buchanan Street, California, MO   2,270   Owned    $338 
102 North Second Street, Clinton, MO   11,524   Owned    $1,328 
1400 East Ohio Street, Clinton, MO   13,551   Owned    $2,737 
1712 East Ohio Street, Clinton, MO               
(inside a Wal-Mart store)   540   Leased (2)  $44 
1110 Club Village Drive, Columbia, MO   5,000   Owned    $1,379 
18 S. Ninth St., Suites 208-209, Columbia, MO   1,500   Leased (3)   N/A 
115 South 2nd Street, Drexel, MO   4,000   Owned    $151 
100 Plaza Drive, Harrisonville, MO   4,000   Owned    $478 
17430 East 39th Street, Independence, MO   4,070   Owned    $578 
220 West White Oak, Independence, MO   1,800   Owned    $49 
132 East High Street, Jefferson City, MO   34,800   Owned    $2,816 
3701 West Truman Blvd, Jefferson City, MO   21,000   Owned    $395 
211 West Dunklin Street, Jefferson City, MO   2,500   Owned    $1,558 
800 Eastland Drive, Jefferson City, MO   4,100   Owned    $688 
3600 Amazonas Drive, Jefferson City, MO   26,000   Owned    $2,367 
300 S.W. Longview Blvd, Lee's Summit, MO   11,700   Owned    $1,959 
5 Victory lane, Suite 203, Liberty, MO   1667   Leased (4)   N/A 
335 Chestnut, Osceola, MO   1,580   Owned    $88 
595 VFW Memorial Drive, St. Robert, MO   2,236   Owned    $60 
321 West Battlefield, Springfield, MO   12,500(5)  Owned    $525 
200 West Main Street, Warsaw, MO   8,900   Owned    $99 
1891 Commercial Drive, Warsaw, MO   11,000   Owned    $1,513 
125 South Main, Windsor, MO   3,600   Owned    $182 

 

 18 

 

 

(1)Of the 11,000 square feet of space, 2,384 square feet of space is leased to a non-affiliate.
(2)The term of this lease began in February 2014 and ends in January 2019.
(3)The term of this lease began in April 2015 and ends in March 2018.
(4)The term of this lease began in May 2016 and ends in April 2019.
(5)Of the 12,500 square feet of space, 5,873 square feet of space is available to be leased to a non-affiliate.

 

Management believes that the condition of each of the Bank's facilities presently is adequate for its business and that such facilities are adequately covered by insurance.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

 

The information required by this Item is set forth in Note 18, Commitments and Contingencies, in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

    

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable

   

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

 

Executive officers of the Company are appointed by the board of directors and serve at the discretion of the board. The following table sets forth certain information with respect to all executive officers of the Company.

 

Name   Age   Position
David T. Turner   61   Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, President and Director
W. Bruce Phelps 67  

Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer 

Kathleen L. Bruegenhemke   52   Senior Vice President, Secretary and Director

 

The business experience of the executive officers of the Company for the last five years is as follows:

 

David T. Turner has served as a director of the Company and of Hawthorn Bank (or of its constituent predecessors) since January 1997. He has served as president of the Company since March 2002 and as chairman and chief executive officer of the Company since January 2011. He also currently serves as chairman, chief executive officer and president of Hawthorn Bank. Mr. Turner has served as vice chairman of the Company from June 1998 through March 2002 and as senior vice president of the Company from 1993 until June 1998. He served as president of a predecessor to Hawthorn Bank from January 1997 through March 2002 when he assumed the position of chairman, chief executive officer and president. He served as senior vice president of that same predecessor from June 1992 through December 1996 and as its vice president from 1985 until June 1992.

 

W. Bruce Phelps has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the Company since January 2012 and Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Hawthorn Bank since January 2012. Prior to joining the Company, he served as Controller of Pulaski Bank from 2009 until January 2012. Previously Mr. Phelps served as Principal of WBP Consulting in providing financial consulting and support services for clients in the St. Louis area, and as Chief Financial Officer for Champion Bank, St. Louis, Missouri.

 

Kathleen L. Bruegenhemke has served as a director of our Company and of Hawthorn Bank since March 2017 and as Chief Operating Officer of Hawthorn Bank since January 2017.  She has served as Senior Vice President and Secretary of the Company since November 1997 and as Chief Risk Officer of the Company since June 2006.  From January 1992 until November 1997, she served as Internal Auditor of Hawthorn Bank (or of one of its constituent predecessors).  From October 2014 until December 2016 she served as Columbia Market President of Hawthorn Bank.   Prior to joining the Bank, Ms. Bruegenhemke served as a Commissioned Bank Examiner for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.  Ms. Bruegenhemke is a certified public accountant and possesses considerable expertise in overseeing various finance, regulatory compliance and risk management aspects of community banking, which she attained through over 30 years of service, first as a bank regulator and then as a dedicated employee of Hawthorn Bank.  Her

 

 19 

 

  

expertise, and the customer relationships and community connections she has developed, particularly in the Columbia, Missouri market, will benefit Board discussions and decisions and support the conclusion that Ms. Bruegenhemke should serve on our board.

 

There is no arrangement or understanding between any executive officer and any other person pursuant to which such executive officer was selected as an officer.

 

PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(2) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item, other than that referred to below, is incorporated herein by reference to the information under the caption "Market Price of and Dividends on Equity Securities and Related Matters" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

We refer you to Item 12 of this report under the caption "Securities Authorized For Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans" for certain equity plan information.

 

The Company's Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The following table summarizes the purchases made by or on behalf of the Company or certain affiliated purchasers of shares of the Company's common stock during the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 2017:

 

Period  (a) Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased
   (b) Average Price
Paid per Share (or
Unit)
   (c) Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased as Part of
Publicly Announced Plans
or Programs
   (d) Maximum Number (or
Approximate Dollar
Value) of Shares (or
Units) that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs *
 
October 1-31, 2017   6,854   $20.58    6,854   $2,097,350 
November 1-30, 2017   5,579   $20.40    5,579   $1,965,562 
December 1-31, 2017   -   $-    -   $1,965,562 
Total   12,433   $20.50    12,433   $1,965,562 

 

 

*On August 6, 2015, the Company announced that its Board of Directors authorized the purchase, through open market transactions, of up to $2.0 million market value of the Company's common stock. On August 8, 2017, the Board authorized the repurchase of an additional $1.5 million market value of the Company’s common stock. Management was given discretion to determine the number and pricing of the shares to be purchased, as well as, the timing of any such purchases.

 

Recent Issuance of Securities

 

None.

 

Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(2) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the information under the caption "Selected Consolidated Financial Data" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

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Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(2) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the information under the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This report, including information included or incorporated by reference in this report, contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, strategy, future performance and business of the Company and its subsidiaries, including, without limitation:

 

·statements that are not historical in nature, and

 

·statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words "believes," "expects," "may," "will," "should," "could," "anticipates," "estimates," "intends" or similar expressions.

 

Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements due to, among others, the following factors:

 

·competitive pressures among financial services companies may increase significantly,

 

·changes in the interest rate environment may reduce interest margins,

 

·general economic conditions, either nationally or in Missouri, may be less favorable than expected and may adversely affect the quality of the Company's loans and other assets,

 

·increases in non-performing assets in the Company's loan portfolios and adverse economic conditions may necessitate increases to the provisions for loan losses,

 

·costs or difficulties related to the integration of the business of Hawthorn and its acquisition targets may be greater than expected,

 

·legislative, regulatory, or tax law changes may adversely affect the business in which Hawthorn and its subsidiaries are engaged, and

 

·changes may occur in the securities markets.

 

We have described additional factors that could cause actual results to be materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements, which factors are identified in Item 1A of this report under the heading "Risk Factors." Other factors that we have not identified in this report could also have this effect. You are cautioned not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statement, which speak only as of the date such statement is made. Except as otherwise required by law, we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

The Company's exposure to market risk is reviewed on a regular basis by our Bank's asset/liability committee and board of directors. Interest rate risk is the potential of economic losses due to future interest rate changes. These economic losses can be reflected as a loss of future net interest income and/or a loss of current fair market values. The objective is to measure the effect on net interest income and to adjust the balance sheet to minimize the inherent risk while at the same time maximizing income. Management realizes certain risks are inherent and that the goal is to identify and minimize those risks. Tools used by the Bank's management include the standard GAP report subject to different rate shock scenarios. At December 31, 2017, the Company’s rate shock scenario models indicated that annual net interest income could change by as much as -1.54% or -24.25% should interest rates rise or fall, respectively, 400 basis points from their current level over a one year period. These levels of interest rate risk are within limits set by the board in the Company’s Funds Management, Investment Asset Liability Policy and Management believes this is an acceptable level of interest rate risk. However there are no assurances that the change will not be more or less than this estimate.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item, other than that provided above, is incorporated herein by reference to:

 

 21 

 

  

(i)the information under the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Interest Sensitivity and Liquidity" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders; and

 

(ii)the information under the caption "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(2) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the report of the independent auditors and the information under the caption "Consolidated Financial Statements" in the Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders.

 

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

 

None.

 

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

 

An evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of December 31, 2017. Based on that evaluation, the Company’s management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, concluded that, as of December 31, 2017, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective.

 

Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting.

 

Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.

 

The Company's management is responsible for establishing and maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Securities Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). Under the supervision and with the participation of the Company's management, including the Company's principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting, as of December 31, 2017, based on the framework set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013). Based upon its assessment, management has concluded that, as of December 31, 2017, the Company's internal control over financial reporting, is effective based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013).

 

Management's assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, as of December 31, 2017, has been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is included herein.

 

Changes in Internal Controls.

 

There has been no change in the Company's internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 22 

 

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Stockholders and Board of Directors
Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc.:

 

Opinion on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

We have audited Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc. and subsidiaries’ (the Company) internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. In our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2017, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.

 

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (PCAOB), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2017 and 2016, the related consolidated statements of income, comprehensive income, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2017, and the related notes, collectively the consolidated financial statements, and our report dated March 16, 2018 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

The Company’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

 

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audit also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

 

Definition and Limitations of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

/s / KPMG LLP

St. Louis, Missouri

March 16, 2018

 

Item 9B. Other Information.

 

None.

 

 23 

 

  

PART III

 

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item, other than that referred to below, is incorporated herein by reference to:

 

(i)the information under the caption "Item 1: Election of Directors—What is the structure of our board and how often are directors elected?" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(ii)the information under the caption "Item 1: Election of Directors—Who are this year's nominees?" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(iii)the information under the caption "Item 1: Election of Directors—What is the business experience of the nominees and of our continuing board members?" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(iv)the information under the caption "Executive Officers of the Registrant" in Part I of this report;

 

(v)the information under the caption "Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(vi)the information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters—Consideration of Director Nominees" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A; and

 

(vii)the information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters—Committees of the Board—Audit Committee" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.

 

Code of Ethics

 

The Company has adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for directors, officers and employees including, the its principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, controller and persons performing similar functions. This Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is posted on the Company's internet website (www.hawthornbancshares.com) under the "Governance Documents" menu tab and is available for your examination. A copy of this Code will be furnished without charge upon written request to Corporate Secretary, Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc., 132 East High Street, Jefferson City, Missouri 65101. Any substantive amendment to, or waiver from, a provision of this Code that applies to the Company's principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, controller, or persons performing similar functions will be disclosed in a report on Form 8-K.

 

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to:

 

(i)the information under the caption "Executive Compensation and Related Matters" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(ii)the information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters—Director Compensation" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A; and

 

 24 

 

  

(iii)the information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters—Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.

 

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item, other than that presented below, is incorporated herein by reference to the information under the caption "Ownership of Common Stock" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.

 

Securities Authorized For Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans

 

The Company has one equity compensation plan for its employees pursuant to which options, rights or warrants were granted. The following is a summary of the shares reserved for issuance pursuant to outstanding options, rights or warrants granted under the equity compensation plan as of December 31, 2017:

 

Plan category  Number of securities to
 be issued upon exercise
 of outstanding options, 
warrants and rights
   Weighted
-average exercise
 price of
 outstanding
options, warrants
 and rights
   Number of securities
remaining available for
 future issuance under
 equity compensation 
plans (excluding 
securities reflected in 
column (a))
 
   (a)   (b)   (c) 
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders   20,103*  $14.77    - 
Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders   -    -    - 
Total   20,103*  $14.77    - 

 

 

*Consists of shares reserved for issuance pursuant to outstanding stock option grants under the Company's incentive stock option plan. The Plan expired on February 28, 2010, except as to outstanding options under the Plan, and no further options may be granted pursuant to the Plan.

 

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to:

 

(i)the information under the caption "Related Party Transactions" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A;

 

(ii)the information under the caption "Item 1: Election of Directors—What is the structure of our board and how often are directors elected?" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A; and

 

(iii)the information under the caption "Corporate Governance and Board Matters—Committees of the Board" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.

 

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

 

Pursuant to General Instruction G(3) to Form 10-K, the information required by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the information under the caption "Independent Auditor Fees and Services" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement for its 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14A.

 

 25 

 

  

PART IV

 

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

 

(a)       Exhibits, Financial Statements and Financial Statement Schedules:

 

1.Financial Statements:

 

The following consolidated financial statements of the Company and reports of the Company's independent auditors, included in the Company's Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2017 under the caption "Consolidated Financial Statements", are incorporated herein by reference:

 

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.

 

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2017 and 2016.

 

Consolidated Statements of Income for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.

 

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.

 

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.

 

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015.

 

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

2.Financial Statement Schedules:

 

Financial statement schedules have been omitted because they either are not required or are not applicable or because equivalent information has been included in the financial statements, the notes thereto or elsewhere herein.

 

3.Exhibits:

 

Exhibit No.   Description
     
3.1   Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's current report on Form 8-K on August 9, 2007 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
3.2   Amended and Restated Bylaws of the Company (filed as Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's current report on Form 8-K on June 8, 2009 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
4.1   Specimen certificate representing shares of the Company's $1.00 par value Common Stock (filed as Exhibit 4.1 to the Company's current report on Form 8-K/A on June 23, 2017 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
10.1   Exchange National Bancshares, Inc. Incentive Stock Option Plan (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1999 and incorporated herein by reference).*
     
10.2   Form of Change of Control Agreement and schedule of parties thereto (filed as Exhibit 10.2 to the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period March 31, 2005 and incorporated herein by reference).*
     
13   The Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders (only those portions of this Annual Report to Shareholders which are specifically incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K shall be deemed to be filed with the Commission).
     
14   Code of Business Conduct and Ethics of the Company (filed as Exhibit 14 to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2003 and incorporated herein by reference).

 

 26 

 

  

21   List of Subsidiaries (filed as Exhibit 21 to the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008 and incorporated herein by reference).
     
23   Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
     
24   Power of Attorney (included on the signature page to this Annual Report on Form 10-K).
     
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.
     
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.
     
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
     
101   Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text and in detail (XBRL)

 

 

*Management contracts or compensatory plans or arrangements required to be identified by Item 15(a).

 

(b)Exhibits.

 

See exhibits identified above under Item 15(a)3.

 

(c)Financial Statement Schedules.

 

See financial statement schedules identified above under Item 15(a)2, if any.

 

 27 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

    HAWTHORN BANCSHARES, INC.
     
Dated:  March 16, 2018   By /s/ David T. Turner
        David T. Turner, Chairman of the Board,
        President and Chief Executive Officer

  

KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints David T. Turner and W. Bruce Phelps, or either of them, his attorneys-in-fact, for such person in any and all capacities, to sign any amendments to this report and to file the same, with exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that either of said attorneys-in-fact, or substitute or substitutes, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Date   Signature and Title
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ David T. Turner
    David T. Turner, Chairman of the Board, President and
    Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer)
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ W. Bruce Phelps
    W. Bruce Phelps, Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer)
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ Kathleen L. Bruegenhemke
    Kathleen L. Bruegenhemke, Director
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ Frank E. Burkhead
    Frank E. Burkhead, Director
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ Philip D. Freeman
    Philip D. Freeman, Director
     
March 16, 2018   /s/ Kevin L. Riley
    Kevin L. Riley, Director

 

 28 

 

  

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.   Description   Page No.
13   The Company's 2017 Annual Report to Shareholders (only those portions of this Annual Report to Shareholders which are specifically incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K shall be deemed to be filed with the Commission).    
         
23   Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm    
         
24   Power of Attorney (included on the signature page to this Annual Report on Form 10-K).    
         
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.    
         
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) of the Securities Exchange Act, as amended.    
         
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.    
         
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.    
         
101   Interactive data files pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T: (i) the Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) the Consolidated Statements of Changes in Equity, (iv) the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows and (v) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, tagged as blocks of text and in detail (XBRL).*    

 

 

*As provided in Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, this information is furnished and not filed for purposes of Sections 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

 29 

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Section 2: EX-13 (EXHIBIT 13)

tv485084-ex13 - none - 8.450631s
Exhibit 13​
   ​
2017
ANNUAL REPORT
TO
SHAREHOLDERS
HAWTHORN BANCSHARES, INC.
Jefferson City, Missouri

[MISSING IMAGE: 392634946_lg_hawthornbancshares.jpg]
March 16, 2018
Dear Shareholders:
Net income for 2017 was $3.4 million, or $0.59 per diluted share, compared to $7.3 million, or $1.24 per diluted share, for 2016. Included in the 2017 net income is a $4.1 million charge, or $0.70 per diluted share, that includes $3.1 million resulting from application of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) enacted in the fourth quarter of 2017, and $1.0 million resulting from tax planning initiatives implemented at year-end 2017.
The return on average equity was 3.59% (7.90% excluding the charge from the Tax Act and tax planning initiatives) and the return on average assets was 0.25% (0.56% excluding the charge from the Tax Act and tax planning initiatives) for the current year compared to 7.97% and 0.58% for the prior year, respectively.
Excluding the impact of the Tax Act and tax planning initiatives, non-GAAP earnings increased 4% for the current year. This was mostly due to loans increasing $94 million, or 9.7%, from the prior year, and increasing $111 million, or 12.2%, on average. Since year-end 2015, loans have increased $203 million, or 23.5%. This growth was accomplished without a deterioration in credit quality as nonperforming loans to total loans improved from 1.19% at year-end 2015 to 1.00% at year-end 2017. Our loan growth was funded primarily by deposits, which increased $115 million, or 11.4%, versus the prior year and represents a stable source of funds. The continued growth in loans, which is our highest earning asset category, should have a corresponding positive impact on future earnings.
Net interest income for 2017 was $42.9 million compared to $40.3 million for 2016. On a tax equivalent basis, Hawthorn’s net interest margin for 2017 was 3.41% compared to 3.48% for 2016.
Non-interest income for 2017 was $9.0 million compared to $8.9 million for 2016. The net change from the prior year was primarily due to increases in trust income of  $0.2 million and combined real estate servicing and mortgage loan sales income of  $0.3 million offset by securities gains of  $0.6 million recognized in the prior year. Non-interest expenses increased $2.0 million, or 5.4%, over the prior year level of  $36.8 million. Salaries and benefits increased $0.9 million, or 4.5%, over 2016 due to cost of living adjustments, merit increases and increased health insurance and pension costs. Other operating expenses increased $1.1 million primarily due to costs associated with technology related expenses to improve operating efficiencies and our ability to react to new technology developments.
Non-performing loans to total loans at December 31, 2017 was 1.00% compared to 0.95% of total loans at December 31, 2016, and 1.19% at December 31, 2015. During the year ended December 31, 2017, net charge-offs were $0.8 million, or 0.08% of average loans, compared to $0.1 million, or 0.02% of average loans for 2016. We believe these levels of non-performing loans and net charge-offs over the last two years indicate the overall risk in the loan portfolio has been well managed. The allowance for loan losses at December 31, 2017 was $10.9 million, or 1.02% of outstanding loans, 101.57% of non-performing loans and 180.87% of nonperforming loans when excluding accruing TDR’s.
Our capital levels at December 31, 2017 continue to exceed regulatory well capitalized thresholds with 9.33% of leverage capital and 12.93% of total risk-based capital.
Asset quality and growth trends continue moving in the right direction. We are focused on taking proactive steps to increase non-interest revenue, reduce costs and improve efficiencies. I am committed to maintaining strong asset quality; further improving earnings performance; sustaining sound and proper capital levels; and paying regular dividends.
Hawthorn’s staff, management, Board of Directors and Advisory Board members are committed to the continued growth of our strong community bank and delivering long term value to our shareholders. We appreciate your support and encourage you to continue to use Hawthorn Bank for your banking needs and request that you refer prospective customers to your bank.
Sincerely,
[MISSING IMAGE: 392634946_sg_davidt-turner.jpg]
David T. Turner,
Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

A WORD CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains certain forward-looking statements with respect to the financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business of the Company, Hawthorn Bancshares, Inc., and its subsidiaries, including, without limitation:

statements that are not historical in nature, and

statements preceded by, followed by or that include the words believes, expects, may, will, should, could, anticipates, estimates, intends or similar expressions.
Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements due to, among others, the following factors:

competitive pressures among financial services companies may increase significantly,

changes in the interest rate environment may reduce interest margins,

general economic conditions, either nationally or in Missouri, may be less favorable than expected and may adversely affect the quality of our loans and other assets,

increases in non-performing assets in the Company’s loan portfolios and adverse economic conditions may necessitate increases to our provisions for loan losses,

costs or difficulties related to the integration of the business of the Company and its acquisition targets may be greater than expected,

legislative, regulatory, or tax law changes may adversely affect the business in which the Company and its subsidiaries are engaged, and

changes may occur in the securities markets.
We have described under the caption Risk Factors in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in other reports filed with the SEC from time to time, additional factors that could cause actual results to be materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements. Other factors that have not been identified in this report could also have this effect. You are cautioned not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statement, which speak only as of the date they were made.
2

HAWTHORN BANCSHARES, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF
CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Overview
Crucial to the Company’s community banking strategy is growth in its commercial banking services, retail mortgage lending and retail banking services. Through the branch network of its subsidiary bank, Hawthorn Bank (the Bank), the Company, with $1.4 billion in assets at December 31, 2017, provides a broad range of commercial and personal banking services. The Bank’s specialties include commercial banking for small and mid-sized businesses, including equipment, operating, commercial real estate, Small Business Administration (SBA) loans, and personal banking services including real estate mortgage lending, installment and consumer loans, certificates of deposit, individual retirement and other time deposit accounts, checking accounts, savings accounts, and money market accounts. Other financial services that the Company provides include trust services that include estate planning, investment and asset management services and a comprehensive suite of cash management services. The geographic areas in which the Company provides products and services include the Missouri communities in and surrounding Jefferson City, Columbia, Clinton, Warsaw, Springfield, Branson, and the greater Kansas City metropolitan area.
The Company’s primary source of revenue is net interest income derived primarily from lending and deposit taking activities. Much of the Company’s business is commercial, commercial real estate development, and residential mortgage lending. The Company’s income from mortgage brokerage activities is directly dependent on mortgage rates and the level of home purchases and refinancing activity.
The success of the Company’s growth strategy depends primarily on the ability of its banking subsidiary to generate an increasing level of loans and deposits at acceptable risk levels and on acceptable terms without significant increases in non-interest expenses relative to revenues generated. The Company’s financial performance also depends, in part, on its ability to manage various portfolios and to successfully introduce additional financial products and services by expanding new and existing customer relationships, utilizing improved technology, and enhancing customer satisfaction. Furthermore, the success of the Company’s growth strategy depends on its ability to maintain sufficient regulatory capital levels during periods in which general economic conditions are unfavorable and despite economic conditions being beyond its control.
The Company’s subsidiary bank is a full-service bank conducting a general banking business, offering its customers checking and savings accounts, debit cards, certificates of deposit, safety deposit boxes and a wide range of lending services, including commercial and industrial loans, residential real estate loans, single payment personal loans, installment loans and credit card accounts. In addition, the Bank provides trust services.
The deposit accounts of the Bank are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) to the extent provided by law. The operations of the Bank are supervised and regulated by the FDIC and the Missouri Division of Finance. Periodic examinations of the Bank are conducted by representatives of the FDIC and the Missouri Division of Finance. Such regulations, supervision and examinations are principally for the benefit of depositors, rather than for the benefit of shareholders. The Company is subject to supervision and examination by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
3

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA
The following table presents selected consolidated financial information for the Company as of and for each of the years in the five-years ended December 31, 2017. The selected consolidated financial data should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements of the Company, including the related notes, presented elsewhere herein.
Income Statement Data
(In thousands, except per share data)
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
Interest income $ 50,935 $ 46,010 $ 45,756 $ 44,498 $ 45,665
Interest expense 8,007 5,663 4,999 5,044 6,342
Net interest income 42,928 40,347 40,757 39,454 39,323
Provision for loan losses 1,765 1,425 250 0 2,030
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
41,163 38,922 40,507 39,454 37,293
Non-interest income 8,955 8,917 9,166 8,749 10,866
Non-interest expense 38,802 36,807 36,494 36,507 40,763
Income before income taxes 11,316 11,032 13,179 11,696 7,396
Income tax expense 7,902 3,750 4,580 4,042 2,422
Net income 3,414 7,282 8,599 7,654 4,974
Preferred stock dividends and accretion of discount
0 0 0 0 615
Net income available to common shareholders
$ 3,414 $ 7,282 $ 8,599 $ 7,654 $ 4,359
Per Share Data
Basic earnings per common share $ 0.59 $ 1.24 $ 1.46 $ 1.30 $ 0.74
Diluted earnings per common share 0.59 1.24 1.46 1.30 0.74
Dividends paid per share on common stock
0.26 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.20
Book value per share 15.68 15.52 14.83 13.69 12.64
Market price per share 20.75 17.02 14.56 12.67 10.39
Basic weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
5,826,346 5,864,153 5,884,984 5,885,049 5,885,049
Diluted weighted average shares of common stock outstanding
5,831,630 5,864,153 5,884,984 5,885,049 5,885,049
4

(In thousands)
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
Balance Sheet Data (at year end)
Total assets $ 1,429,216 $ 1,287,048 $ 1,200,921 $ 1,169,731 $ 1,140,122
Net loans 1,057,580 964,143 856,476 852,114 825,828
Investment securities 237,579 224,308 243,091 203,720 209,986
Total deposits 1,125,812 1,010,666 947,197 969,514 956,471
Federal Home Loan Bank advances and other borrowings
121,382 93,392 50,000 43,000 24,000
Subordinated notes 49,486 49,486 49,486 49,486 49,486
Common stockholders’ equity 91,371 91,017 87,286 80,568 74,380
Total stockholders’ equity 91,371 91,017 87,286 80,568 74,380
Balance Sheet Data (average balances)
Total assets $ 1,352,343 $ 1,251,741 $ 1,199,061 $ 1,156,911 $ 1,159,127
Net loans 1,013,702 904,069 852,514 839,957 818,525
Investment securities 226,911 243,169 242,740 212,697 224,551
Total deposits 1,068,487 997,514 975,036 971,777 978,063
Federal Home Loan Bank advances and other borrowings
98,383 67,212 48,474 29,964 23,256
Subordinated notes 49,486 49,486 49,486 49,486 49,486
Common stockholders’ equity 95,116 91,401 84,818 78,953 73,259
Total stockholders’ equity 95,116 91,401 84,818 78,953 79,875
Key Ratios
Earnings Ratios
Return on average total assets 0.25% 0.58% 0.72% 0.66% 0.43%
Return on average common stockholders’ equity
3.59 7.97 10.14 9.69 5.95
Efficiency ratio (3) 74.79 74.71 73.10 75.74 81.22
Asset Quality Ratios
Allowance for loan losses to loans 1.02% 1.01% 0.99% 1.06% 1.63%
Nonperforming loans to loans (1) 1.00 0.95 1.19 4.18 4.21
Allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans (1)
101.57 107.35 83.75 25.26 38.84
Allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans excluding performing TDRs
180.87 282.94 194.48 49.72 57.35
Nonperforming assets to loans and foreclosed assets (2)
2.21 2.37 2.98 5.49 5.87
Net loan charge-offs to average loans
0.08 0.02 0.09 0.54 0.38
Capital Ratios
Average stockholders’ equity to average total assets
7.03% 7.30% 7.07% 6.82% 6.89%
Period-end stockholders’ equity to period-end assets
6.39 7.07 7.27 6.89 6.52
Total risk-based capital ratio 12.93 13.72 14.78 15.78 15.33
Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio 10.72 11.29 12.03 12.38 11.40
Common equity Tier 1 capital 8.04 8.51 9.04 NA NA
Tier 1 leverage ratio 9.33 9.87 9.84 9.42 8.79
(1)
Nonperforming loans consist of nonaccrual loans, troubled debt restructurings, and loans contractually past due 90 days or more and still accruing interest.
(2)
Nonperforming assets consist of nonperforming loans and other real estate owned and repossessed assets.
(3)
Efficiency ratio is calculated as non-interest expense as a percentage of revenue. Total revenue includes net interest income and non-interest income.
5

Non-GAAP Financial Measures
The financial measures in the table below include items that are non-GAAP, meaning they are not presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in the U.S. The non-GAAP items presented are non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP basic earnings per share, non-GAAP diluted earnings per share, non-GAAP return on average assets and non-GAAP return on average common equity. These measures include adjustments to exclude the transitional impact of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act) and the Company’s implementation of new tax planning initiatives, which are non-recurring and not considered indicative of underlying earnings performance. The adjustments do not include the ongoing impacts of the lower U.S. statutory rate under the Tax Act on current year earnings. The Company believes that the exclusion of these items provides a useful basis for evaluating the Company’s underlying performance, but should not be considered in isolation and is not in accordance with, or a substitute for, evaluating performance utilizing GAAP financial information. The Company uses non-GAAP measures to analyze its financial performance and to make financial comparisons to prior periods presented on a similar basis. The Company believes that providing such adjusted results allows investors to better understand the Company’s comparative operating performance for the periods presented. Non-GAAP measures are not formally defined by GAAP or codified in the federal banking regulations, and other entities may use calculation methods that differ from those used by the Company. The Company has reconciled each of these measures to a comparable GAAP measure below:
Income Statement Data
(In thousands, except per share data)
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
Net income $ 3,414 $ 7,282 $ 8,599 $ 7,654 $ 4,974
Preferred stock dividends and accretion of discount 0 0 0 0 615
Net income available to common shareholders $ 3,414 $ 7,282 $ 8,599 $ 7,654 $ 4,359
Effect of net deferred tax asset adjustments (a) 4,105 0 0 0 0
2017 non-GAAP net income and net income $ 7,519 $ 7,282 $ 8,599 $ 7,654 $ 4,359
Per Share Data
Basic earnings per share - GAAP $ 0.59 $ 1.24 $ 1.46 $ 1.30 $ 0.74
Effect of net deferred tax asset adjustments (a) 0.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2017 non-GAAP basic and basic earnings per share $ 1.29 $ 1.24 $ 1.46 $ 1.30 $ 0.74
Diluted earnings per share - GAAP $ 0.59 $ 1.24 $ 1.46 $ 1.30 $ 0.74
Effect of net deferred tax asset adjustments (a) 0.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2017 non-GAAP diluted and diluted earnings per share $ 1.29 $ 1.24 $ 1.46 $ 1.30 $ 0.74
Key Ratios
Return on average total assets - GAAP 0.25% 0.58% 0.72% 0.66% 0.43%
Effect of net deferred tax asset adjustments (a) 0.31% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Return on average total assets - non-GAAP 0.56% 0.58% 0.72% 0.66% 0.43%
Return on average stockholders’ equity - GAAP 3.59% 7.97% 10.14% 9.69% 5.95%
Effect of net deferred tax asset adjustments (a) 4.31% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Return on average stockholders’ equity - non-GAAP 7.90% 7.97% 10.14% 9.69% 5.95%
(a)
Calculated using the difference in combined statutory rates of 38% and 21% for subsequent years.
6

CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The following accounting policies are considered most critical to the understanding of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations. These critical accounting policies require management’s most difficult, subjective and complex judgments about matters that are inherently uncertain. Because these estimates and judgments are based on current circumstances, they may change over time or prove to be inaccurate based on actual experiences. In the event that different assumptions or conditions were to prevail, and depending upon the severity of such changes, the possibility of a materially different financial condition and/or results of operations could reasonably be expected. The impact and any associated risks related to the Company’s critical accounting policies on its business operations are discussed throughout Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, where such policies affect the reported and expected financial results.
Allowance for Loan Losses
Management has identified the accounting policy related to the allowance for loan losses (ALL) as critical to the understanding of the Company’s results of operations, since the application of this policy requires significant management assumptions and estimates that could result in materially different amounts to be reported if conditions or underlying circumstances were to change. Further discussion of the methodology used in establishing the allowance and the impact of any associated risks related to these policies on the Company’s business operations is provided in Note 1 to the Company’s consolidated financial statements and is also discussed in the Lending and Credit Management section below.
7

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS ANALYSIS
The Company has prepared all of the consolidated financial information in this report in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP). In preparing the consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. There can be no assurances that actual results will not differ from those estimates.
$ Change
% Change
(In thousands)
2017
2016
2015
’17-’16
’16-’15
’17-’16
’16-’15
Net interest income $ 42,928 $ 40,347 $ 40,757 $ 2,581 $ (410) 6.4% (1.0)%
Provision for loan losses 1,765 1,425 250 340 1,175 23.9 470.0
Non-interest income 8,955 8,917 9,166 38 (249) 0.4 (2.7)
Non-interest expense 38,802 36,807 36,494 1,995 313 5.4 0.9
Income before income taxes
11,316 11,032 13,179 284 (2,147) (2.6) (16.3)
Income tax expense 7,902 3,750 4,580 4,152 (830) (110.7) (18.1)
Net income
$ 3,414 $ 7,282 $ 8,599 $ (3,868) $ (1,317) (53.1)% (15.3)%
Consolidated net income decreased $3.9 million to $3.4 million, or $0.59 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $7.3 million, or $1.24 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2016. For the year ended December 31, 2017, the return on average assets (ROA) was 0.25%, the return on average stockholders’ equity (ROE) was 3.59%, and the efficiency ratio was 74.79%.
Consolidated net income decreased $1.3 million to $7.3 million, or $1.24 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $8.6 million, or $1.46 per diluted per share, for the year ended December 31, 2015. For the year ended December 31, 2016, the return on average assets was 0.58%, the return on average stockholders’ equity was 7.97%, and the efficiency ratio was 73.71%.
The decrease in ROA and ROE for 2017 compared to 2016 reflects a $4.1 million write-down of the Company’s net deferred tax asset (DTA) in response to the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Act) and additional tax planning initiatives, which was recorded as additional income tax expense during the fourth quarter of 2017. As a result, the Company’s effective tax rate for 2017 increased to 69.8% from 34% for 2016. The federal corporate income tax rate declined from 34% to 21% effective January 1, 2018 as a result to the Tax Act. The Company expects its future effective tax rate after the impact of tax exempt income to be approximately 18% to 19% compared to 34% in prior years.
Net interest income was $42.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $40.3 million and $40.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The net interest margin was 3.41% for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to 3.48% and 3.69% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
A $1.8 million provision for loan losses was recorded for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to a $1.4 million and $250,000 provision for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The increase in 2017 over the years ended 2016 and 2015, was primarily due to an increase in loans and using five year look-back period compared to look-back periods of four and three years in the prior years.
The Company’s net charge-offs for the year ended December 31, 2017, were $799,000, or 0.08% of average loans compared to $143,000, or 0.02% of average loans for the year ended December 31, 2016, and $745,000, or 0.09% of average loans for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Non-performing loans totaled $10.7 million, or 1.00% of total loans, at December 31, 2017 compared to $9.2 million, or 0.95% of total loans at December 31, 2016, and $10.3 million, or 1.19% of total loans, at December 31, 2015.
Non-interest income increased $38,000, or 0.4%, for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to the year ended December 31, 2016, and decreased $249,000, or 2.7%, for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to the year ended December 31, 2015. These changes are discussed in greater detail below under Non-interest Income.
8

Non-interest expense increased $2.0 million, or 5.4%, for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to the year ended December 31, 2016, and increased $313,000, or 0.9%, for the year ended December 31, 2016, compared to the year ended December 31, 2015. These changes are discussed in greater detail below under Non-interest Expense.
Average Balance Sheets
Net interest income is the largest source of revenue resulting from the Company’s lending, investing, borrowing, and deposit gathering activities. It is affected by both changes in the level of interest rates and changes in the amounts and mix of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities. The following table presents average balance sheets, net interest income, average yields of earning assets, average costs of interest bearing liabilities, net interest spread and net interest margin on a fully taxable equivalent basis for each of the years in the three year periods ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015, respectively.
(In thousands)
2017
2016
2015
Average
Balance
Interest
Income/​
Expense (1)
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Average
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Interest
Income/​
Expense (1)
Rate
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ASSETS
Loans: (2) (3)
Commercial $ 186,140 $ 8,644 4.64% $ 161,177 $ 7,588 4.71% $ 155,127 $ 7,523 4.85%
Real estate construction - residential 21,466 998 4.65 17,671 803 4.54 15,215 968 6.36
Real estate construction - commercial 78,861 3,550 4.50 43,759 2,016 4.61 42,919 2,169 5.05
Real estate mortgage - residential 255,091 11,706 4.59 253,614 11,544 4.55 248,335 11,612 4.68
Real estate mortgage - commercial 450,427 20,697 4.60 410,672 18,947 4.61 379,538 18,126 4.78
Consumer 32,225 1,253 3.89 26,280 1,161 4.42 20,952 1,076 5.14
Total loans
$ 1,024,210 $ 46,848 4.57% $ 913,173 $ 42,059 4.61% $ 862,086 $ 41,474 4.81%
Investment securities:
U.S. Treasury $ 312 $ 6 1.92% $ 0 $ 0 0.00% $ 0 $ 0 0.00%
U.S. government and federal agency obligations 47,665 693 1.45 48,551 582 1.20 74,820 999 1.34
Obligations of states and political subdivisions 46,716 1,041 2.23 32,836 836 2.55 34,408 1,077 3.13
Mortgage-backed securities 122,124 2,258 1.85 153,024 2,597 1.70 126,810 2,497 1.97
Total Available-for-sale securities $ 216,817 $ 3,998 1.84% $ 234,411 $ 4,015 1.71% $ 236,038 $ 4,573 1.94%
Other investments & securities 10,094 390 3.86 8,758 317 3.62 6,702 216 3.22
Federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits in other financial institutions
22,844 267 1.17 15,526 80 0.52 14,022 38 0.27
Total interest earning assets
$ 1,273,965 $ 51,503 4.04% $ 1,171,868 $ 46,471 3.97% $ 1,118,848 $ 46,301 4.14%
All other assets 88,886 88,977 89,785
Allowance for loan losses (10,508) (9,104) (9,572)
Total assets
$ 1,352,343 $ 1,251,741 $ 1,199,061
LIABILITIES AND
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
NOW accounts $ 210,780 $ 1,114 0.53% $ 195,099 $ 607 0.31% $ 198,288 $ 478 0.24%
Savings 98,051 50 0.05 96,130 49 0.05 89,367 49 0.05
Commercial 1,514 12 0.79 630 3 0.48 0 0 0.00
Money market 224,076 1,153 0.51 186,356 500 0.27 174,146 443 0.25
Time deposits 294,727 2,224 0.75 302,285 1,907 0.63 312,387 1,957 0.63
Total interest bearing deposits
$ 829,148 $ 4,553 0.55% $ 780,500 $ 3,066 0.39% $ 774,188 $ 2,927 0.38%
Federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase
29,512 113 0.38 36,539 64 0.18 30,925 56 0.18
Federal Home Loan Bank advances and other borrowed funds
98,383 1,590 1.62 67,212 1,038 1.54 48,474 723 1.49
Subordinated notes 49,486 1,751 3.54 49,486 1,495 3.02 49,486 1,293 2.61
Total borrowings
$ 177,381 $ 3,454 1.95% $ 153,237 $ 2,597 1.69% $ 128,885 $ 2,072 1.61%
Total interest bearing liabilities
$ 1,006,529 $ 8,007 0.80% $ 933,737 $ 5,663 0.61% $ 903,073 $ 4,999 0.55%
Demand deposits 239,339 217,014 200,848
Other liabilities 11,359 9,589 10,322
Total liabilities
1,257,227 1,160,340 1,114,243
Stockholders’ equity 95,116 91,401 84,818
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$ 1,352,343 $ 1,251,741 $ 1,199,061
Net interest income (FTE)
$ 43,496 $ 40,808 $ 41,302
Net interest spread
3.24% 3.36% 3.59%
Net interest margin
3.41% 3.48% 3.69%
(1)
Interest income and yields are presented on a fully taxable equivalent basis using the federal statutory income tax rate of 34%, net of nondeductible interest expense. Such adjustments totaled $568,000, $461,000 and $545,000 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
(2)
Non-accruing loans are included in the average amounts outstanding.
9

(3)
Fees and costs on loans are included in interest income.
Rate and volume analysis
The following table summarizes the changes in net interest income on a fully taxable equivalent basis, by major category of interest earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, identifying changes related to volumes and rates for the years ended December 31, 2017, compared to December 31, 2016, and for the years ended December 31, 2016 compared to December 31, 2015. The change in interest due to the combined rate/volume variance has been allocated to rate and volume changes in proportion to the absolute dollar amounts of change in each.
2017
2016
Change due to
Change due to
(In thousands)
Total
Change
Average
Volume
Average
Rate
Total
Change
Average
Volume
Average
Rate
Interest income on a fully
taxable equivalent basis: (1)
Loans: (2) (3)
Commercial $ 1,056 $ 1,160 $ (104) $ 65 $ 289 $ (224)
Real estate construction - residential 195 176 19 (165) 140 (305)
Real estate construction - commercial 1,534 1,581 (47) (153) 41 (194)
Real estate mortgage - residential 162 67 95 (68) 244 (312)
Real estate mortgage - commercial 1,750 1,827 (77) 821 1,454 (633)
Consumer 92 242 (150) 85 250 (165)
Investment securities:
U.S. Treasury 6 - 6 - - -
U.S. government and federal agency obligations 111 (11) 122 (417) (324) (93)
Obligations of states and political subdivisions 205 319 (114) (241) (47) (194)
Mortgage-backed securities (339) (557) 218 100 474 (374)
Other investments & securities, at cost 73 50 23 101 72 29
Federal funds sold and interest bearing deposits in other financial institutions
187 51 136 42 4 38
Total interest income
5,032 4,905 127 170 2,597 (2,427)
Interest expense:
NOW accounts 507 53 454 128 (8) 136
Savings 1 1 - - 4 (4)
Commercial 9 6 3 3 - 3
Money market 653 118 535 57 32 25
Time deposits 317 (49) 366 (49) (64) 15
Federal funds purchased and securities sold under agreements to repurchase
49 (14) 63 9 10 (1)
Federal Home Loan Bank advances and other borrowed funds
552 501 51 315 289 26
Subordinated notes 256 - 256 201 - 201
Total interest expense
2,088 616 1,472 463 263 200
Net interest income on a fully taxable equivalent basis
$ 2,944 $ 4,289 $ (1,345) $ (293) $ 2,334 $ (2,627)
(1)
Interest income and yields are presented on a fully taxable equivalent basis using the federal statutory income tax rate of 34%, net of nondeductible interest expense. Such adjustments totaled $568,000, $461,000 and $545,000 for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
(2)
Non-accruing loans are included in the average amounts outstanding.
(3)
Fees and costs on loans are included in interest income.
10

Financial results for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to the year ended December 31, 2016 reflected an increase in net interest income, on a tax equivalent basis, of  $2.7 million, or 6.59%, and financial results for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to the year ended December 31, 2015 reflected a decrease of  $494,000, or 1.20%.
Measured as a percentage of average earning assets, the net interest margin (expressed on a fully taxable equivalent basis) decreased to 3.41% for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to 3.48% and 3.69% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
The increase in net interest income for 2017 over 2016 was primarily due to an increase in average earning assets and the decrease in the net interest margin was primarily due to a 19 basis point increase in the rates paid on average interest bearing liabilities. The prime rate increased to 4.50% at December 31, 2017 compared to 3.75% at December 31, 2016.
The decrease in the net interest income and the net interest margin in 2016 over 2015 were primarily due to a contraction in the net interest spread caused primarily by a decrease in the yield on investment securities maturing at higher historical rates, new replacement securities yielding lower current market rates, and an increase in FHLB advances to support loan growth.
Average interest-earning assets increased $102.1 million, or 8.71%, to $1.27 billion for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $1.17 billion for the year ended December 31, 2016, and average interest bearing liabilities increased $72.8 million, or 7.8%, to $1.0 billion for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $933.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Average interest-earning assets increased $53.0 million, or 4.74%, to $1.17 billion for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $1.12 billion for the year ended December 31, 2015, and average interest bearing liabilities increased $30.7 million, or 3.40%, to $933.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $903.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Total interest income (expressed on a fully taxable equivalent basis) increased to $51.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $46.5 million and $46.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company’s rates earned on interest earning assets were 4.04% for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to 3.97% and 4.14% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Interest income on loans increased to $46.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $42.1 million and $41.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Average loans outstanding increased $111.0 million, or 12.16%, to $1.0 billion for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $913.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. The average yield on loans receivable decreased to 4.57% during the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to 4.61% for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Average loans outstanding increased $51.1 million, or 5.9%, to $913.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $862.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The average yield on loans receivable decreased to 4.61% during the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to 4.81% for the year ended December 31, 2015. See the Lending and Credit Management section for further discussion of changes in the composition of the lending portfolio.
Total interest expense was $8.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $5.7 million and $5.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company’s rates paid on interest bearing liabilities was 0.80% for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to 0.61% and 0.55% for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. See the Liquidity Management section for further discussion.
Interest expense on deposits was $4.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $3.1 million and $2.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Average interest bearing deposits increased $48.6 million, or 6.2%, to $829.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $780.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. The average cost of deposits increased to 0.55% during the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to 0.39% for the year ended December 31, 2016.
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Average interest bearing deposits increased $6.3 million, or 0.82%, to $780.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to $774.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2015. The average cost of deposits increased to 0.39% during the year ended December 31, 2016 compared to 0.38% for the year ended December 31, 2015.
Interest expense on borrowings was $3.5 million for year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $2.6 million and $2.1 million for both the ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. Average borrowings were $177.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to $153.2 million and $128.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. See the Liquidity Management section for further discussion.
Non-interest Income and Expense
Non-interest income for the years ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015 was as follows: