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Section 1: 10-K (10-K)

20171231 10K FY



Washington, D.C. 20549




For the fiscal year ended

December 31, 2017




For the transition period from              to             . Commission file Number 1-34242

Picture 11

(Exact Name of registrant as specified in its charter)




(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

incorporation or organization)


4 Brandywine Avenue, Downingtown, Pennsylvania
(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (610) 269-1040

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:



Title of each class


Name of each exchange on which registered 

Common stock, par value $1.00 per share


The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  No

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.





Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer
(Do not check if a smaller
reporting company)

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provide pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes  No

The aggregate market value of the shares of common stock of the Registrant issued and outstanding on June 30, 2017, which excludes 746,000 shares held by all directors, officers and affiliates of the Registrant as a group, was approximately $120.5 million. This figure is based on the closing price of $34.30 per share of the Registrant’s common stock on June 30, 2017, the last business day of the Registrant’s second fiscal quarter.

As of March 12, 2018, the Registrant had outstanding 4,290,827 shares of Common Stock, $1 par value per share.


Portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the 2018 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.





Table of Contents




Part I




Item 1.


Item 1A.

Risk Factors


Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments


Item 2.



Item 3.

Legal Proceedings


Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures


Part II




Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities


Item 6.

Selected Financial Data


Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations


Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk


Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data


Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure


Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures


Item 9B.

Other Information


Part III




Item 10.

Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant


Item 11.

Executive Compensation


Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters


Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence


Item 14.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services


Part IV




Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules


Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary












Forward‑Looking Statements

 This Annual Report on Form 10-K, as well as other written or oral communications made from time to time by us, contains forward-looking information within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to future events or future predictions, including events or predictions relating to future financial performance, and are generally identifiable by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believe,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “plan,” “intend,” or “anticipate” or the negative thereof or comparable terminology. Forward-looking statements reflect numerous assumptions, estimates and forecasts as to future events. No assurance can be given that the assumptions, estimates and forecasts underlying such forward-looking statements will accurately reflect future conditions, or that any guidance, goals, targets or projected results will be realized. The assumptions, estimates and forecasts underlying such forward-looking statements involve judgments with respect to, among other things, future economic, competitive, regulatory and financial market conditions and future business decisions, which may not be realized and which are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive and regulatory uncertainties and known and unknown risks, including the risks described under “Risk Factors” in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, as such factors may be updated from time to time in our filings with the SEC, including our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Our actual results may differ materially from those reflected in the forward-looking statements.

In addition to the risks described in the “Risk Factors” section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the other reports we file with the SEC, important factors to consider and evaluate with respect to such forward-looking statements include:


Changes in external competitive market factors that might impact our results of operations;


Changes in laws and regulations, including without limitation changes in capital requirements under Basel III;


The impact of the federal Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, including, but not limited to, the effect of a lower federal corporate income tax rate, including on the valuation of our tax assets and liabilities;


Changes in our business strategy or an inability to execute our strategy due to the occurrence of unanticipated events;


Local, regional and national economic conditions and events, including real estate values, and the impact they may have on us and our customers;


Costs and effects of regulatory and legal developments, including official and unofficial interpretations by regulatory agencies of laws and regulations, the results of regulatory examinations and the outcome of regulatory or other governmental inquiries and proceedings, such as fines or restrictions on our business activities;


Our ability to attract deposits and other sources of liquidity;


Changes in the financial performance and/or condition of our borrowers;


Our ability to access the capital markets to fund our operations and future growth;


Changes in the level of non-performing and classified assets and charge-offs;


Changes in estimates of future loan loss reserve requirements based upon the periodic review thereof under relevant regulatory and accounting requirements;


Inflation, interest rate, securities market and monetary fluctuations;


Timely development and acceptance of new banking products and services and perceived overall value of these products and services by users;


Changes in consumer spending, borrowing and saving habits;


Technological changes;


Significant disruption in the technology platforms on which we rely, including security failures, cyberattacks or other breaches of our systems or those of our customers, partners or service providers;


Continued volatility in the credit and equity markets and its effect on the general economy;


Effects of changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the regulatory agencies, as well as the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, the Financial Accounting Standards Board and other accounting standard setters;





Our ability to identify potential candidates for, and consummate, acquisition or investment transactions;


The timing of acquisition, investment, or disposition transactions;


Constraints on our ability to consummate an attractive acquisition or investment transaction because of significant competition for these opportunities;


The businesses of DNB and any acquisition targets or merger partners and subsidiaries not integrating successfully or such integration being more difficult, time-consuming or costly than expected;


Material differences in the actual financial results of merger and acquisition activities compared with expectations, such as with respect to the full realization of anticipated cost savings and revenue enhancements within the expected time frame;


Our ability to successfully implement our growth strategy, increase market share, control expenses and maintain liquidity; and


DNB First’s ability to pay dividends to DNB Financial Corporation.

You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements we make, which speak only as of the date they are made. We do not undertake any obligation to release publicly or otherwise provide any revisions to any forward-looking statements we may make, including any forward-looking financial information, to reflect events or circumstances occurring after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as may be required under applicable law.




Part I

Item 1.  Business

General Description of Registrant’s Business and Its Development

DNB Financial Corporation (the “Registrant” or “DNB”), a Pennsylvania business corporation, is a bank holding company registered with and supervised by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve Board). The Registrant was incorporated on October 28, 1982 and commenced operations on July 1, 1983 upon consummation of the acquisition of all of the outstanding stock of Downingtown National Bank, now known as DNB First, National Association (the “Bank”). Since commencing operations, DNB’s business has consisted primarily of managing and supervising the Bank, and its principal source of income has been derived from the Bank. At December 31, 2017,  DNB had total consolidated assets, total liabilities and stockholders’ equity of $1.1 billion, $980.0 million, and $101.9 million, respectively.

The Bank was organized in 1860. The Bank is a national banking association that is a member of the Federal Reserve System, the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The Bank is a full service commercial bank providing a wide range of services to individuals and small to medium sized businesses in the southeastern Pennsylvania market area, including accepting time, demand, and savings deposits and making secured and unsecured commercial, real estate and consumer loans. In addition, the Bank has fifteen (15) full service branches and a full-service wealth management group known as “DNB First Wealth Management.” The Bank’s financial subsidiary, DNB Financial Services, Inc., (also known as “DNB Investments & Insurance”) is a Pennsylvania licensed insurance agency, which, through a third party marketing agreement with Cetera Investment Services, LLC, sells a broad variety of insurance and investment products. The Bank’s other subsidiaries are Downco, Inc. and DN Acquisition Company, Inc. which were incorporated in December 1995 and December 2008, respectively, for the purpose of acquiring and holding Other Real Estate Owned acquired through foreclosure or deed in-lieu-of foreclosure, as well as Bank-occupied real estate.

The Bank’s headquarters is located at 4 Brandywine Avenue, Downingtown, Pennsylvania. As of December 31, 2017, the Bank had total assets of $1.1 billion, total deposits of $861.4 million and total stockholders’ equity of $120.3 million. The Bank’s business is not seasonal in nature. The FDIC, to the extent provided by law, insures its deposits. On December 31, 2017, the Bank had 163 full-time employees and 20 part-time employees.

The Bank derives its income principally from interest charged on loans and, to a lesser extent, interest earned on investments, fees received in connection with the origination of loans, wealth management and other services. The Bank’s principal expenses are interest expense on deposits and borrowings and operating expenses. Funds for activities are provided principally by operating revenues, deposit growth and the repayment of outstanding loans and investments.

The Bank encounters vigorous competition from a number of sources, including other commercial banks, thrift institutions, other financial institutions and financial intermediaries. In addition to commercial banks, Federal and state savings and loan associations, savings banks, credit unions and industrial savings banks actively compete in the Bank’s market area to provide a wide variety of banking services. Mortgage banking firms, real estate investment trusts, finance companies, insurance companies, leasing companies and brokerage companies, financial affiliates of industrial companies and certain government agencies provide additional competition for loans and for certain financial services. The Bank also competes for interest‑bearing funds with a number of other financial intermediaries, which offer a diverse range of investment alternatives, including brokerage firms and mutual fund companies.

Business Combinations


DNB and its subsidiaries engaged in the following business combination since January 1, 2013:

Effective October 1, 2016, DNB completed its merger (the "Merger") with East River Bank (“ERB”), a locally-managed institution, headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Pursuant to an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") dated as of April 4, 2016, at the effective time of the Merger, ERB merged with and into DNB First, N.A., a wholly owned subsidiary of DNB.  

 The acquisition added 3 full service branches in Philadelphia County, bringing DNB’s branch count to fifteen (15) in the Greater Philadelphia Region. In addition, the acquisition added approximately $306.4 million in loans and $227.2 million in deposits. 

In accordance with the terms of the Merger Agreement, holders of East River Bank common shares received, in aggregate, $6.7 million in cash and 1,368,527 shares or approximately 32% of DNB’s outstanding common stock. The transaction was valued at $47.5 million based on DNB’s September 30, 2016 closing share price of $25.36 as quoted on NASDAQ. The results of the combined entity’s operations have been included in DNB’s Consolidated Financial Statements from the date of acquisition. The acquisition of ERB was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method of accounting, which includes estimating the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed and consideration paid as of the acquisition date. See Note 2 – Business Combinations.




DNB’s internet website address is  Information on DNB’s website is not part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Investors can obtain copies of DNB’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, on DNB’s website (accessible under “Investor Relations” – “SEC Filings”) as soon as reasonably practicable after DNB has filed such materials with, or furnished them to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).  DNB will also furnish a paper copy of such filings free of charge upon request. Investors can also read and copy any materials filed by DNB with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room which is located at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. Information about the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. DNB’s filings can also be accessed at the SEC’s internet website:

Supervision and Regulation — Registrant

Federal Banking Laws

The Registrant is subject to a number of complex Federal banking laws, most notably the provisions of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (“Bank Holding Company Act”) and the Change in Bank Control Act of 1978 (“Change in Control Act”), and to supervision by the Federal Reserve Board.

Bank Holding Company Act — Financial Holding Companies

The Bank Holding Company Act requires a “company” (including the Registrant) to secure the prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board before it owns or controls, directly or indirectly, more than five percent (5%) of the voting shares or substantially all of the assets of any bank. It also prohibits acquisition by any “company” (including the Registrant) of more than five percent (5%) of the voting shares of, or interest in, or all or substantially all of the assets of, any bank located outside of the state in which a current bank subsidiary is located unless such acquisition is specifically authorized by laws of the state in which such bank is located. A “bank holding company” (including the Registrant) is prohibited from engaging in or acquiring direct or indirect control of more than five percent (5%) of the voting shares of any company engaged in non-banking activities unless the Federal Reserve Board, by order or regulation, has found such activities to be so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. In making this determination, the Federal Reserve Board considers whether the performance of these activities by a bank holding company would offer benefits to the public that outweigh possible adverse effects. Applications under the Bank Holding Company Act and the Change in Control Act are subject to review, based upon the record of compliance of the applicant with the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (“CRA”). See further discussion below.

The Registrant is required to file an annual report with the Federal Reserve Board and any additional information that the Federal Reserve Board may require pursuant to the Bank Holding Company Act. The Federal Reserve Board may also make examinations of the Registrant and any or all of its subsidiaries. Further, under Section 106 of the 1970 amendments to the Bank Holding Company Act and the Federal Reserve Board’s regulations, a bank holding company and its subsidiaries are prohibited from engaging in certain tie-in arrangements in connection with any extension of credit or provision of credit or provision of any property or services. The so-called “anti-tie-in” provisions state generally that a bank may not extend credit, lease, sell property or furnish any service to a customer on the condition that the customer provide additional credit or service to the bank, to its bank holding company or to any other subsidiary of its bank holding company or on the condition that the customer not obtain other credit or service from a competitor of the bank, its bank holding company or any subsidiary of its bank holding company.

Permitted Non-Banking Activities. The Federal Reserve Board permits bank holding companies to engage in non-banking activities so closely related to banking or managing or controlling banks as to be a proper incident thereto. A number of activities are authorized by Federal Reserve Board regulation, while other activities require prior Federal Reserve Board approval. The types of permissible activities are subject to change by the Federal Reserve Board. Revisions to the Bank Holding Company Act contained in the Gramm‑Leach Bliley Act of 1999 permit certain eligible bank holding companies to qualify as “financial holding companies” and thereupon engage in a wider variety of financial services such as securities and insurance activities, and subject such companies to increased competition from a wider variety of non-banking competitors as well as banks.

Gramm‑Leach Bliley Act of 1999 (“GLB”). This law repealed certain restrictions on bank and securities firm affiliations, and allows bank holding companies to elect to be treated as a “financial holding company” that can engage in approved “financial activities,” including insurance, securities underwriting and merchant banking. Banks without holding companies can engage in many of these financial activities through a “financial subsidiary.” The law also mandates functional regulation of bank securities activities. Banks’ exemption from broker-dealer regulation is limited to, for example, trust, safekeeping, custodian, shareholder and employee benefit plans, sweep accounts, private placements (under certain conditions), self-directed IRAs, third party networking arrangements to offer brokerage services to bank customers, and the like. It also requires banks that advise mutual funds to register as investment advisers. The legislation provides for state regulation of insurance, subject to certain specified state preemption standards. It establishes which insurance products banks and bank subsidiaries may provide as principal or underwriter, and prohibits bank underwriting of title insurance, but also preempts state laws interfering with affiliations. GLB prohibits approval of new de novo thrift charter applications by commercial entities and limits sales of existing so-called “unitary” thrifts to commercial entities. The law bars banks, savings and




loans, credit unions, securities firms and insurance companies, as well as other “financial institutions,” from disclosing customer account numbers or access codes to unaffiliated third parties for telemarketing or other direct marketing purposes, and enables customers of financial institutions to “opt out” of having their personal financial information shared with unaffiliated third parties, subject to exceptions related to the processing of customer transactions and joint financial services marketing arrangements with third parties, as long as the institution discloses the activity to its customers and requires the third party to keep the information confidential. It requires policies on privacy and disclosure of information to be disclosed annually, requires federal regulators to adopt comprehensive regulations for ensuring the security and confidentiality of consumers’ personal information, and allows state laws to give consumers greater privacy protections. The GLB has increased the competition the Bank faces from a wider variety of non-banking competitors as well as banks.

Change in Bank Control Act

Under the Change in Control Act, no person, acting directly or indirectly or through or in concert with one or more other persons, may acquire “control” of any Federally insured depository institution unless the appropriate Federal banking agency has been given 60 days prior written notice of the proposed acquisition and within that period has not issued a notice disapproving of the proposed acquisition or has issued written notice of its intent not to disapprove the action. The period for the agency’s disapproval may be extended by the agency. Upon receiving such notice, the Federal agency is required to provide a copy to the appropriate state regulatory agency, if the institution of which control is to be acquired is state chartered, and the Federal agency is obligated to give due consideration to the views and recommendations of the state agency. Upon receiving a notice, the Federal agency is also required to conduct an investigation of each person involved in the proposed acquisition. Notice of such proposal is to be published and public comment solicited thereon. A proposal may be disapproved by the Federal agency if the proposal would have anticompetitive effects, if the proposal would jeopardize the financial stability of the institution to be acquired or prejudice the interests of its depositors, if the competence, experience or integrity of any acquiring person or proposed management personnel indicates that it would not be in the interest of depositors or the public to permit such person to control the institution, if any acquiring person fails to furnish the Federal agency with all information required by the agency, or if the Federal agency determines that the proposed transaction would result in an adverse effect on a deposit insurance fund. In addition, the Change in Control Act requires that, whenever any Federally insured depository institution makes a loan or loans secured, or to be secured, by 25% or more of the outstanding voting stock of a Federally insured depository institution, the president or chief executive officer of the lending bank must promptly report such fact to the appropriate Federal banking agency regulating the institution whose stock secures the loan or loans.

Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The federal government is considering a variety of reforms related to banking and the financial industry including, without limitation, the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act is intended to promote financial stability in the U.S., reduce the risk of bailouts and protect against abusive financial services practices by improving accountability and transparency in the financial system and ending “too big to fail” institutions. It is the broadest overhaul of the U.S. financial system since the Great Depression, and much of its impact will be determined by the scope and substance of many regulations that will need to be adopted by various regulatory agencies to implement its provisions. For these reasons, the overall impact on DNB and its subsidiaries is unknown at this time.

The Dodd-Frank Act delegates to various federal agencies the task of implementing its many provisions through regulation. Hundreds of new federal regulations, studies and reports addressing all of the major areas of the new law, including the regulation of banks and their holding companies, will be required, ensuring that federal rules and policies in this area will be further developing for months and years to come. Based on the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act and anticipated implementing regulations, it is highly likely that banks and thrifts as well as their holding companies will be subject to significantly increased regulation and compliance obligations.

The Dodd-Frank Act could require us to make material expenditures, in particular personnel training costs and additional compliance expenses, or otherwise adversely affect our business or financial results. It could also require us to change certain of our business practices, adversely affect our ability to pursue business opportunities we might otherwise consider engaging in, cause business disruptions and/or have other impacts that are as-of-yet unknown to DNB and the Bank. Failure to comply with these laws or regulations, even if inadvertent, could result in negative publicity, fines or additional licensing expenses, any of which could have an adverse effect on our cash flow and results of operations. For example, a provision of the Dodd-Frank Act is intended to preclude bank holding companies from treating future trust preferred securities issuances as Tier 1 capital for regulatory capital adequacy purposes. This provision may narrow the number of possible capital raising opportunities DNB and other bank holding companies might have in the future. As another example, the new law establishes the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, which has been given substantive rule-making authority under most of the consumer protection regulations affecting the Bank and its customers. The Bureau and new rules it will issue may materially affect the methods and costs of compliance by the Bank in connection with future consumer related transactions.

Pennsylvania Banking Laws

Under the Pennsylvania Banking Code of 1965, as amended (“PA Code”), the Registrant is permitted to control an unlimited number of banks, subject to prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board as more fully described above. The PA Code authorizes reciprocal interstate banking without any geographic limitation. Reciprocity between states exists when a foreign state’s law authorizes Pennsylvania bank holding companies to acquire banks or bank holding companies located in that state on terms and conditions substantially no more restrictive than those applicable to such an acquisition by a bank holding company located in that state. Interstate




ownership of banks in Pennsylvania with banks in Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, New York and other states is currently authorized. Some state laws still restrict de novo formations of branches in other states, but restrictions on interstate de novo banking have been relaxed by the Dodd-Frank Act. Pennsylvania law also provides Pennsylvania state chartered institutions elective parity with the power of national banks, federal thrifts, and state‑chartered institutions in other states as authorized by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“Competing Institutions”). In some cases, this may give state chartered institutions broader powers than national banks such as the Bank, and may increase competition the Bank faces from other banking institutions.

Supervision and Regulation — Bank

The operations of the Bank are subject to Federal and State statutes applicable to banks chartered under the banking laws of the United States, to members of the Federal Reserve System and to banks whose deposits are insured by the FDIC. Bank operations are also subject to regulations of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”), the Federal Reserve Board and the FDIC.

The primary supervisory authority of the Bank is the OCC, who regularly examines the Bank. The OCC has the authority to prevent a national bank from engaging in an unsafe or unsound practice in conducting its business.

Federal and state banking laws and regulations govern, among other things, the scope of a bank’s business, the investments a bank may make, the reserves against deposits a bank must maintain, loans a bank makes and collateral it takes, the activities of a bank with respect to mergers and consolidations and the establishment of branches. All nationally and state‑chartered banks in Pennsylvania are permitted to maintain branch offices in any county of the state. National bank branches may be established only after approval by the OCC. It is the general policy of the OCC to approve applications to establish and operate domestic branches, including ATMs and other automated devices that take deposits, provided that approval would not violate applicable Federal or state laws regarding the establishment of such branches. The OCC reserves the right to deny an application or grant approval subject to conditions if (1) there are significant supervisory concerns with respect to the applicant or affiliated organizations, (2) in accordance with CRA, the applicant’s record of helping meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods, consistent with safe and sound operation, is less than satisfactory, or (3) any financial or other business arrangement, direct or indirect, involving the proposed branch or device and bank “insiders” (directors, officers, employees and 10% or greater shareholders) involves terms and conditions more favorable to the insiders than would be available in a comparable transaction with unrelated parties.

The Bank, as a subsidiary of a bank holding company, is subject to certain restrictions imposed by the Federal Reserve Act on any extensions of credit to the bank holding company or its subsidiaries, on investments in the stock or other securities of the bank holding company or its subsidiaries and on taking such stock or securities as collateral for loans. The Federal Reserve Act and Federal Reserve Board regulations also place certain limitations and reporting requirements on extensions of credit by a bank to principal shareholders of its parent holding company, among others, and to related interests of such principal shareholders. In addition, such legislation and regulations may affect the terms upon which any person becoming a principal shareholder of a holding company may obtain credit from banks with which the subsidiary bank maintains a correspondent relationship.

Capital Adequacy

Federal banking laws impose on banks certain minimum requirements for capital adequacy. Federal banking agencies have issued certain “risk-based capital” guidelines, and certain “leverage” requirements on member banks such as the Bank. Banking regulators have authority to require higher minimum capital ratios for an individual bank or bank holding company in view of its circumstances.

New Capital Rules. On July 2, 2013, the Federal Reserve approved final rules that substantially amend the regulatory risk-based capital rules applicable to the Corporation and the Bank. The FDIC and the OCC have subsequently approved these rules. The final rules were adopted following the issuance of proposed rules by the Federal Reserve in June 2012, and implement the “Basel III” regulatory capital reforms and changes required by the Dodd-Frank Act. “Basel III” refers to two consultative documents released by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in December 2009, the rules text released in December 2010, and loss absorbency rules issued in January 2011, which include significant changes to bank capital, leverage and liquidity requirements.

The rules include new risk-based capital and leverage ratios, which will be phased in from 2015 to 2019, and refine the definition of what constitutes “capital” for purposes of calculating those ratios. The new minimum capital level requirements applicable to the Corporation and the Bank under the final rules effective as of January 1, 2015: (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 4.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 6% (increased from 4%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 8% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 4% for all institutions. The final rules also establish a “capital conservation buffer” above the new regulatory minimum capital requirements, which must consist entirely of common equity Tier 1 capital. The capital conservation buffer will be phased-in over four years beginning on January 1, 2016, as follows: the maximum buffer will be 0.625% of risk-weighted assets for 2016, 1.25% for 2017, 1.875% for 2018, and 2.5% for 2019 and thereafter. This will result in the following minimum ratios beginning in 2019: (i) a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 7.0%, (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8.5%, and (iii) a total capital ratio of 10.5%. Under the final rules, institutions are subject to limitations on paying dividends, engaging in share repurchases, and paying discretionary




bonuses if its capital level falls below the buffer amount. These limitations establish a maximum percentage of eligible retained income that could be utilized for such actions.

The final rules implement revisions and clarifications consistent with Basel III regarding the various components of Tier 1 capital, including common equity, unrealized gains and losses, as well as certain instruments that will no longer qualify as Tier 1 capital, some of which will be phased out over time. However, the final rules provide that small depository institution holding companies with less than $15 billion in total assets as of December 31, 2009 (which includes the Corporation) will be able to permanently include non-qualifying instruments that were issued and included in Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital prior to May 19, 2010 in additional Tier 1 or Tier 2 capital until they redeem such instruments or until the instruments mature.

The final rules also contain revisions to the prompt corrective action framework, which is designed to place restrictions on insured depository institutions, including the Bank, if their capital levels begin to show signs of weakness. These revisions took effect January 1, 2015. Under the prompt corrective action requirements, which are designed to complement the capital conservation buffer, insured depository institutions are required to meet the following increased capital level requirements in order to qualify as “well capitalized:” (i) a new common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 6.5%; (ii) a Tier 1 capital ratio of 8% (increased from 6%); (iii) a total capital ratio of 10% (unchanged from current rules); and (iv) a Tier 1 leverage ratio of 5% (increased from 4%).

The final rules set forth certain changes for the calculation of risk-weighted assets, which have been required to utilize since January 1, 2015. The standardized approach final rule utilizes an increased number of credit risk exposure categories and risk weights, and also addresses: (i) an alternative standard of creditworthiness consistent with Section 939A of the Dodd-Frank Act; (ii) revisions to recognition of credit risk mitigation; (iii) rules for risk weighting of equity exposures and past due loans; (iv) revised capital treatment for derivatives and repo-style transactions; and (v) disclosure requirements for top-tier banking organizations with $50 billion or more in total assets that are not subject to the “advance approach rules” that apply to banks with greater than $250 billion in consolidated assets. Based on our current capital composition and levels, we believe that we are in compliance with the requirements as set forth in the final rules presently in effect.

Minimum Capital Ratios.  The risk-based guidelines require all banks to maintain two “risk-weighted assets” ratios. The first is a minimum ratio of total capital (“Tier 1” and “Tier 2” capital) to risk-weighted assets equal to 8.00%; the second is a minimum ratio of “Tier 1” capital to risk-weighted assets equal to 4.00%. Assets are assigned to five risk categories, with higher levels of capital being required for the categories perceived as representing greater risk. In making the calculation, certain intangible assets must be deducted from the capital base. The risk-based capital rules are designed to make regulatory capital requirements more sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banks and bank holding companies and to minimize disincentives for holding liquid assets.

The risk-based capital rules also account for interest rate risk. Institutions with interest rate risk exposure above a normal level would be required to hold extra capital in proportion to that risk. A bank’s exposure to declines in the economic value of its capital due to changes in interest rates is a factor that the banking agencies will consider in evaluating a bank’s capital adequacy. The rule does not codify an explicit minimum capital charge for interest rate risk. The Bank currently monitors and manages its assets and liabilities for interest rate risk, and management believes that the interest rate risk rules which have been implemented and proposed will not materially adversely affect our operations.

The “leverage” ratio rules require banks which are rated the highest in the composite areas of capital, asset quality, management, earnings, liquidity and sensitivity to market risk to maintain a ratio of “Tier 1” capital to “adjusted total assets” (equal to the bank’s average total assets as stated in its most recent quarterly Call Report filed with its primary federal banking regulator, minus end-of-quarter intangible assets that are deducted from Tier 1 capital) of not less than 3.00%. For banks which are not the most highly rated, the minimum “leverage” ratio will range from 4.00% to 5.00%, or higher at the discretion of the bank’s primary federal regulator, and is required to be at a level commensurate with the nature of the level of risk of the bank’s condition and activities.

For purposes of the capital requirements, “Tier 1” or “core” capital is defined to include common stockholders’ equity and certain non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock and related surplus. “Tier 2” or “qualifying supplementary” capital is defined to include a bank’s allowance for loan and lease losses up to 1.25% of risk-weighted assets, plus certain types of preferred stock and related surplus, certain “hybrid capital instruments” and certain term subordinated debt instruments.

Prompt Corrective Action.  Federal banking law mandates certain “prompt corrective actions,” which Federal banking agencies are required to take, and certain actions which they have discretion to take, based upon the capital category into which a Federally regulated depository institution falls. Regulations have been adopted by the Federal bank regulatory agencies setting forth detailed procedures and criteria for implementing prompt corrective action in the case of any institution that is not adequately capitalized. Under the rules, an institution will be deemed to be “adequately capitalized” or better if it exceeds the minimum Federal regulatory capital requirements. However, it will be deemed “undercapitalized” if it fails to meet the minimum capital requirements, “significantly undercapitalized” if it has a total risk-based capital ratio that is less than 6.0%, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio that is less than 3.0%, or a leverage ratio that is less than 3.0%, and “critically undercapitalized” if the institution has a ratio of tangible equity to total assets that is equal to or less than 2.0%. The rules require an undercapitalized institution to file a written capital restoration plan, along with a performance guaranty by its holding company or a third party. In addition, an undercapitalized institution becomes subject to certain




automatic restrictions including a prohibition on the payment of dividends, a limitation on asset growth and expansion, and in certain cases, a limitation on the payment of bonuses or raises to senior executive officers, and a prohibition on the payment of certain “management fees” to any “controlling person”. Institutions that are classified as undercapitalized are also subject to certain additional supervisory actions, including increased reporting burdens and regulatory monitoring, a limitation on the institution’s ability to make acquisitions, open new branch offices, or engage in new lines of business, obligations to raise additional capital, restrictions on transactions with affiliates, and restrictions on interest rates paid by the institution on deposits. In certain cases, bank regulatory agencies may require replacement of senior executive officers or directors, or sale of the institution to a willing purchaser. If an institution is deemed to be “critically undercapitalized” and continues in that category for four quarters, the statute requires, with certain narrowly limited exceptions, that the institution be placed in receivership.

Based on management’s assessment, the Bank is “well capitalized” for regulatory capital purposes. Please see the table detailing the Bank’s compliance with minimum capital ratios, in Note 17 (“Regulatory Matters”) to DNB’s audited financial statements in this Form 10-K.

Under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, the OCC possesses the power to prohibit institutions regulated by it, such as the Bank, from engaging in any activity that would be an unsafe and unsound banking practice and in violation of the law. Moreover, Federal law enactments have expanded the circumstances under which officers or directors of a bank may be removed by the institution’s Federal supervisory agency; unvested and further regulated lending by a bank to its executive officers, directors, principal shareholders or related interests thereof; and unvested management personnel of a bank from serving as directors or in other management positions with certain depository institutions whose assets exceed a specified amount or which have an office within a specified geographic area; and unvested management personnel from borrowing from another institution that has a correspondent relationship with their bank.

Interstate Banking.  Federal law permits interstate bank mergers and acquisitions. Limited branch purchases are still subject to state laws. Pennsylvania law permits out-of-state banking institutions to establish branches in Pennsylvania with the approval of the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities, provided the law of the state where the banking institution is located would permit a Pennsylvania banking institution to establish and maintain a branch in that state on substantially similar terms and conditions. It also permits Pennsylvania banking institutions to maintain branches in other states. The Dodd-Frank Act created a more permissive interstate branching regime by permitting banks to establish branches de novo in any state if a bank chartered by such state would have been permitted to establish the branch. Bank management anticipates that interstate banking will continue to increase competitive pressures in the Bank’s market by permitting entry of additional competitors, but management is of the opinion that this will not have a material impact upon the anticipated results of operations of the Bank.

Bank Secrecy Act and OFAC.  Under the Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”), the Bank is required to report to the Internal Revenue Service, currency transactions of more than $10,000 or multiple transactions of which the Bank is aware in any one day that aggregate in excess of $10,000. Civil and criminal penalties are provided under the BSA for failure to file a required report, for failure to supply information required by the BSA or for filing a false or fraudulent report. The Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Asset Control (“OFAC”) administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries, terrorism‑sponsoring jurisdictions and organizations, and international narcotics traffickers based on U.S. foreign policy and national security goals. OFAC acts under presidential wartime and national emergency powers and authority granted by specific legislation to impose controls on transactions and freeze foreign assets under U.S. jurisdiction. Acting under authority delegated from the Secretary of the Treasury, OFAC promulgates, develops, and administers the sanctions under its statutes and executive orders. OFAC requirements are separate and distinct from the BSA, but both OFAC requirements and the BSA share a common national security goal. Because institutions and regulators view compliance with OFAC sanctions as related to BSA compliance obligations, supervisory examination for OFAC compliance is typically connected to examination of an institution’s BSA compliance. Examiners focus on a banking organization’s compliance processes and evaluate the sufficiency of a banking organization’s implementation of policies, procedures and systems to ensure compliance with OFAC regulations.

USA PATRIOT Act.  The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (together with its implementing regulations, the “Patriot Act”), designed to deny terrorists and others the ability to obtain access to the United States financial system, has significant implications for banks and other financial institutions. It required DNB and its subsidiary to implement new policies and procedures or amend existing policies and procedures with respect to, anti-money laundering, compliance, suspicious activity and currency transaction reporting and due diligence on customers, as well as related matters. The Patriot Act permits and in some cases requires information sharing for counter‑terrorist purposes between federal law enforcement agencies and financial institutions, as well as among financial institutions, and it requires federal banking agencies to evaluate the effectiveness of an institution in combating money laundering activities, both in ongoing examinations and in connection with applications for regulatory approval.

FDIC Insurance and Assessments.  The Bank’s deposits are insured to applicable limits by the FDIC. Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the maximum deposit insurance amount was permanently increased from $100,000 to $250,000.

The FDIC has adopted a risk-based premium system that provides for quarterly assessments based on an insured institution’s ranking in one of four risk categories based on their examination ratings and capital ratios. Within its risk category, an institution is




assigned an initial base assessment which is then adjusted to determine its final assessment rate based on its level of brokered deposits, secured liabilities and unsecured debt.

The Dodd-Frank Act required the FDIC to take such steps as necessary to increase the reserve ratio of the Deposit Insurance Fund from 1.15% to 1.35% of insured deposits by 2020. In setting the assessments, the FDIC is required to offset the effect of the higher reserve ratio against insured depository institutions with total consolidated assets of less than $10 billion. The Dodd-Frank Act also broadened the base for FDIC insurance assessments so that assessments will be based on the average consolidated total assets less average tangible equity capital of a financial institution rather than on its insured deposits. The FDIC has adopted a restoration plan to increase the reserve ratio to 1.15% by September 30, 2020 with additional rulemaking scheduled regarding the method to be used to achieve a 1.35% reserve ratio by that date and offset the effect on institutions with less than $10 billion in assets.

Pursuant to these requirements, the FDIC adopted new assessment regulations effective April 1, 2011 that redefined the assessment base as average consolidated assets less average tangible equity. Insured banks with more than $1.0 billion in assets must calculate quarterly average assets based on daily balances while smaller banks and newly chartered banks may use weekly averages. Average assets would be reduced by goodwill and other intangibles. Average tangible equity equals Tier 1 capital. For institutions with more than $1.0 billion in assets, average tangible equity is calculated on a weekly basis while smaller institutions may use the quarter-end balance. The base assessment rate for insured institutions in Risk Category I will range between 5 to 9 basis points and for institutions in Risk Categories II, III, and IV will be 14, 23 and 35 basis points, respectively. An institution’s assessment rate will be reduced based on the amount of its outstanding unsecured long-term debt and for institutions in Risk Categories II, III and IV may be increased based on their brokered deposits.

In addition to deposit insurance assessments, banks are subject to assessments to pay the interest on Financing Corporation bonds. The Financing Corporation was created by Congress to issue bonds to finance the resolution of failed thrift institutions. The FDIC sets the Financing Corporation assessment rate every quarter. The current annual Financing Corporation assessment rate is 46 basis points on the deposit insurance assessment base, as defined above, which we anticipate will result in an aggregate estimated FICO assessment payment by the Bank of $46,000 in 2018.

Other Laws and Regulations.  The Bank is subject to a variety of consumer protection laws, including the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act adopted as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (“FDICIA”), the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act and the regulations adopted thereunder. In the aggregate, compliance with these consumer protection laws and regulations involves substantial expense and administrative time on the part of the Bank and DNB.

Regulatory Reform and Legislation.  From time to time, various legislative and regulatory initiatives are introduced in Congress and state legislatures, as well as by regulatory agencies. Such initiatives may include proposals to expand or contract the powers of bank holding companies and depository institutions or proposals to substantially change the financial institution regulatory system. Such legislation could change banking statutes and the operating environment of DNB in substantial and unpredictable ways.  If enacted, such legislation could increase or decrease the cost of doing business, limit or expand permissible activities or affect the competitive balance among banks, savings associations, credit unions, and other financial institutions.  DNB cannot predict whether any such legislation will be enacted, and, if enacted, the effect that it, or any implementing regulations, would have on its financial condition or results of operations.  A change in statutes, regulations or regulatory policies applicable to DNB or our subsidiaries could have a material effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Effect of Government Monetary Policies.  The earnings of DNB are and will be affected by domestic economic conditions and the monetary and fiscal policies of the United States Government and its agencies (particularly the Federal Reserve Board). The monetary policies of the Federal Reserve Board have had and will likely continue to have, an important impact on the operating results of commercial banks through its power to implement national monetary policy in order, among other things, to curb inflation or combat a recession. The Federal Reserve Board has a major effect upon the levels of bank loans, investments and deposits through its open market operations in United States Government securities and through its regulation of, among other things, the discount rate on borrowing of member banks and the reserve requirements against member bank deposits. It is not possible to predict the nature and impact of future changes in monetary and fiscal policies.

Incentive Compensation.  In June 2010, the Federal Reserve Board, OCC and FDIC issued comprehensive final guidance on incentive compensation policies intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. The guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization’s incentive compensation arrangements should (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks, (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management, and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization’s board of directors.




The Federal Reserve Board will review, as part of the regular, risk-focused examination process, the incentive compensation arrangements of banking organizations, such as DNB, that are not “large, complex banking organizations.” These reviews will be tailored to each organization based on the scope and complexity of the organization’s activities and the prevalence of incentive compensation arrangements. The findings of the supervisory initiatives will be included in reports of examination. Deficiencies will be incorporated into the organization’s supervisory ratings, which can affect the organization’s ability to make acquisitions and take other actions. Enforcement actions may be taken against a banking organization if its incentive compensation arrangements, or related risk-management control or governance processes, pose a risk to the organization’s safety and soundness and the organization is not taking prompt and effective measures to correct the deficiencies.

In addition, Section 956 of the Dodd-Frank Act required certain regulators (including the FDIC, SEC and Federal Reserve Board) to adopt requirements or guidelines prohibiting excessive compensation. In April and May 2016, the Federal Reserve, jointly with five other federal regulators, published a proposed rule in response to Section 956 of the Dodd-Frank Act, which requires implementation of regulations or guidelines to: (1) prohibit incentive-based payment arrangements that encourage inappropriate risks by certain financial institutions by providing excessive compensation or that could lead to material financial loss, and (2) require those financial institutions to disclose information concerning incentive-based compensation arrangements to the appropriate federal regulator.

The proposed rule identifies three categories of institutions that would be covered by these regulations based on average total consolidated assets, applying less prescriptive incentive-based compensation program requirements to the smallest covered institutions (Level 3) and progressively more rigorous requirements to the larger covered institutions (Level 1). Under the proposed rule, we would fall into the smallest category (Level 3), which applies to financial institutions with average total consolidated assets greater than $1 billion and less than $50 billion. The proposed rules would establish general qualitative requirements applicable to all covered entities, which would include (i) prohibiting incentive arrangements that encourage inappropriate risks by providing excessive compensation; (ii) prohibiting incentive arrangements that encourage inappropriate risks that could lead to a material financial loss; (iii) establishing requirements for performance measures to appropriately balance risk and reward; (iv) requiring board of director oversight of incentive arrangements; and (v) mandating appropriate record keeping. Under the proposed rule, larger financial institutions with total consolidated assets of at least $50 billion would also be subject to additional requirements applicable to such institutions’ “senior executive officers” and “significant risk- takers.” These additional requirements would not be applicable to us because we currently have less than $50 billion in total consolidated assets. Comments on the proposed rule were due by July 22, 2016. As of the date of this document, the final rule has not yet been published by these regulators.

All of DNB’s revenues are attributable to customers located in the United States, and primarily from customers located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. All of Registrant’s assets are located in the United States and in Southeastern Pennsylvania. Registrant has no activities in foreign countries and hence no risks attendant to foreign operations.




Item 1A.  Risk Factors

Investment in DNB’s Common Stock involves risk and the market price of DNB’s Common Stock may fluctuate significantly in response to a number of factors, including those that follow. The following list contains certain risks that may be unique to DNB and to the banking industry. The following list of risks should not be viewed as an all-inclusive list.

Changes in interest rates could reduce DNB's net interest margin, net interest income, fee income and net income. - Interest and fees on loans and securities, net of interest paid on deposits and borrowings, account for a significant part of DNB's net income. Interest rates are key drivers of DNB's net interest margin and subject to many factors beyond DNB's control. As interest rates change, DNB's net interest income is affected. Increased interest rates in the future could result in DNB's interest expense increasing faster than interest income because of divergence in financial instrument maturities and/or competitive pressures. Because different types of assets and liabilities may react differently and at different times to market interest rate changes, changes in interest rates can increase or decrease DNB's net interest income. When interest-bearing liabilities mature or re-price more quickly than interest earning assets in a period, an increase in interest rates would reduce net interest income. Similarly, when interest earning assets mature or re-price more quickly, and because the magnitude of repricing of interest earning assets is often greater than interest bearing liabilities, falling interest rates would reduce net interest income. In addition, substantially higher interest rates generally reduce loan demand and may result in slower loan growth. Decreases or increases in interest rates could have a negative effect on the spreads between the interest rates earned on assets and the rates of interest paid on liabilities, and therefore decrease DNB's net interest income. Also, changes in interest rates might also impact the values of equity and debt securities under management and administration by DNB's wealth management business, which may have a negative impact on fee income.

If DNB's allowance for credit losses is insufficient to absorb losses in its loan portfolio, DNB's earnings could decrease. - All borrowers carry the potential to default, and DNB's remedies to recover upon a default may not fully satisfy amounts previously loaned by DNB. DNB maintains an allowance for credit losses, which is a reserve established through a provision for credit losses charged to expense, which represents DNB's best estimate of probable credit losses that have been incurred within the existing portfolio of loans. The allowance, in DNB's judgment, is necessary to reserve for estimated credit losses and risks inherent in the loan portfolio. Those risks are affected by, among other things:




the financial condition and cash flows of the borrowers and/or the projects being financed;


the changes and uncertainties as to the future value of the collateral, in the case of collateralized loans;


the duration of the loans in the portfolio;


the credit history of the particular borrowers; and


changes in economic and industry conditions.

The determination of the appropriate level of the allowance for credit losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires us to make significant estimates of current credit risks using existing qualitative and quantitative information, including those identified above, all of which may undergo material changes. If DNB's assumptions and estimates are incorrect, its allowance for credit losses may not be sufficient to cover losses inherent in its loan portfolio, resulting in additions to the allowance.  In addition, changes in economic conditions affecting borrowers generally or certain borrowers in particular, new information regarding existing loans, identification of additional problem loans and other factors, both within and outside of DNB's control, may require an increase in the allowance for credit losses. Bank regulatory authorities periodically review DNB's allowance for credit losses and also may require us to increase the provision for credit losses or recognize additional loan charge-offs based on judgments different than DNB's. An increase in the allowance for credit losses results in a decrease in net income and may have a material adverse effect on DNB's financial condition and results of operations.

ASU 2016-13 will result in a significant change in how we recognize credit losses and may have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.  - In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued Accounting Standards Update, or ASU, 2016-13, “Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments,” which replaces the current “incurred loss” model for recognizing credit losses with an “expected loss” model referred to as the Current Expected Credit Loss model, or CECL. Under the CECL model, we will be required to present certain financial assets carried at amortized cost, such as loans held for investment and held-to-maturity debt securities, at the net amount expected to be collected. The measurement of expected credit losses is to be based on information about past events, including historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect the collectability of the reported amount. This measurement will take place at the time the financial asset is first added to the balance sheet and periodically thereafter. This differs significantly from the “incurred loss” model required under current GAAP, which delays recognition until it is probable a loss has been incurred. Accordingly, we expect that the adoption of the CECL model will materially affect how we determine our allowance for loan losses and could require us to significantly increase our allowance. Moreover, the CECL model may create more volatility in the level of our allowance for loan losses. If we are required to materially increase our level of allowance for loan and lease losses for any reason, such increase could adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.




The new CECL standard will become effective for the Corporation for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. We are currently evaluating the impact the CECL model will have on our accounting, but we expect to recognize a one-time cumulative-effect adjustment to our allowance for credit losses as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the new standard is effective. We cannot yet determine the magnitude of any such one-time cumulative adjustment or of the overall impact of the new standard on our financial condition or results of operations.

Downgrades in U.S. Government and federal agency securities could adversely affect us. - In addition to causing economic and financial markets disruptions, any downgrades of U.S. Government and federal agency securities and/or failures to raise the U.S. debt limit if necessary in the future, could, among other things, materially adversely affect the market value of the U.S. and other government and governmental agency securities DNB owns, the availability of those securities for use as collateral for borrowing, and its ability to access capital markets on favorable terms, as well as have other material adverse effects on the operation of its business and financial results and condition. In particular, the impact of these events could involve increases in interest rates and disruption in payment systems, money markets and long-term or short-term fixed income markets, which could adversely affect the cost and availability of funding to us. Adverse consequences as a result of any downgrades also could extend to borrowers and, as a result, could adversely affect the borrowers' ability to repay their loans.

DNB's financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected by regional economic conditions and real estate values. - DNB's loan and deposit activities are largely based in eastern Pennsylvania. As a result, DNB's financial performance is closely tied to economic conditions in this region. This region experienced deteriorating local economic conditions during 2008 through 2011, and a continued downturn in the regional real estate market may adversely affect us because DNB's loans are concentrated in this regional area and a large percentage of its loans are secured by real property, and further declines in real estate values reduce the value of that loan collateral. This may limit the amount DNB may recover on defaulted loans by selling the underlying real estate collateral, which would adversely affect DNB's results of operations.  In addition, a significant portion of DNB's loan portfolio consists of commercial real estate loans. The ability of these borrowers to repay their loans is often dependent on the borrower receiving sufficient rental payments.   Economic conditions may affect the ability of tenants to make rental payments on a timely basis and/or may cause some tenants not to renew their leases, which may adversely affect a borrower's ability to make loan payments. In addition, if operating expenses, taxes and other expenses associated with commercial real estate properties increase materially, the tenant's ability to repay, and therefore the borrower's ability to make timely loan payments to us, could be adversely affected. Any of these factors could increase the amount of DNB's non-performing loans, increase its provision for credit losses and reduce its net income.

General economic conditions and other events may adversely affect DNB's wealth management business revenues. - A general economic slowdown, disruptions in the financial markets, and other events and occurrences that impact the economy could decrease the value of the assets under management and administration by DNB's wealth management business, which would result in lower fee income and could cause clients to seek alternative investment opportunities with other wealth management or financial services providers, which could result in reduced revenue.

Decreased residential mortgage origination or changes to DNB's residential mortgage related revenues and expenses as a result of actions taken by competitors and regulators could adversely affect DNB's results of operations. - DNB originates and sells residential mortgage loans. Changes in interest rates and pricing decisions by DNB's competitors in this market affect demand for DNB's mortgage loan products and revenue DNB realizes on the sale of mortgage loans, all of which impact DNB's net income. New regulations, increased regulatory scrutiny, changes in the structure of the secondary mortgage markets and other factors also affect DNB's mortgage loan business, and make it more difficult or costly to operate this business.

DNB may not be able to effectively manage its growth. - DNB's future operating results and financial condition depend to a large extent on its ability to successfully manage its growth. DNB's growth has placed, and will continue to place, significant demands on DNB's management and operating systems and resources. Whether through acquisitions, organic growth or a combination thereof, DNB's ability to expand its business is dependent upon its ability to:




continue to implement and improve its processes and systems, including credit underwriting, financial, accounting and enterprise risk management;





comply with an increasing number of new laws, rules and regulations governing its business, and changes to existing laws, rules and regulations;





scale its information technology systems; and





maintain appropriate staffing levels.

Addressing issues relating to DNB's growth may divert management from DNB's existing business and may require us to incur additional expenditures to expand DNB's administrative and operational infrastructure and, if DNB is unable to effectively manage and




grow its banking franchise, including to the satisfaction of DNB's regulators, DNB's business could be materially and adversely affected. In addition, if DNB is unable to manage its current and future expansion in its operations, DNB may experience compliance, operational and regulatory problems and delays, have to slow its pace of growth or even stop its market and product expansion, or have to incur additional expenditures beyond current projections to support such growth, any one of which could materially and adversely affect us. If DNB experiences difficulties with the development of new business activities or the integration process of acquired businesses, the anticipated benefits of any particular acquisition may not be realized fully, or at all, or may take longer to realize than expected. Additionally, DNB may be unable to recognize synergies, operating efficiencies and/or expected benefits within expected timeframes and cost projections, or at all. DNB also may not be able to preserve the goodwill of an acquired financial institution. DNB's growth could lead to increases in its legal, audit, administrative and financial compliance costs, which could materially and adversely affect us.

DNB may need to raise additional capital in the future and such capital may not be available when needed or at all. - DNB may need to raise additional capital in the future to provide us with sufficient capital resources and liquidity to meet its commitments and business needs. DNB's ability to raise additional capital, if needed, will depend on, among other things, conditions in the capital markets at that time, which are outside of DNB's control, and its financial performance. DNB's customary sources of liquidity include, but are not limited to, deposits, inter-bank borrowings, repurchase agreements and borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Pittsburgh. Any occurrence that may limit DNB's access to the capital markets, such as a decline in the confidence of debt purchasers, depositors or counterparties participating in the capital markets may adversely affect DNB's capital costs and ability to raise capital and, in turn, DNB's liquidity. An inability to raise additional capital on acceptable terms when needed could have a material adverse effect on DNB's business, financial condition and results of operations.

DNB faces strong competition for clients and this competition could affect DNB's operating results. - DNB operates in a highly competitive market and experiences competition in DNB's market from both banks and a variety of other financial institutions. DNB competes with commercial banks, credit unions, savings and loan associations, mortgage banking firms, consumer finance companies, securities brokerage firms, insurance companies, money market funds, and other mutual funds, as well as other community, super-regional, national, and international financial institutions that operate offices in DNB's primary market areas and elsewhere. DNB competes with these institutions both in attracting deposits and in making loans. Many financial service providers believe DNB's primary market is an attractive market because of its strong economic growth. As a result, DNB is experiencing particularly intense competition in DNB's primary marketplace. While DNB's strategy is to attract customers by providing personalized services and making use of the business and personal ties of DNB's management, there is no assurance DNB will keep or increase market acceptance and be able to operate profitably. Many of DNB's competitors are well-established, larger financial institutions. These institutions offer some services, such as extensive and established branch networks, that DNB does not provide. There are also a number of other community banks in its market that share its general marketing focus. There is a risk that DNB will not be able to compete successfully with other financial institutions in its market, and that DNB may have to pay higher interest rates to attract deposits, which could result in reduced profitability. In addition, competitors that are not depository institutions are generally not subject to the extensive regulations that apply to us.  All of these factors may adversely impact DNB’s ability to maintain or increase profitability.

DNB depends on its executive officers and key personnel, and DNB's ability to operate its business and implement its strategy depends significantly on DNB's ability to attract and retain individuals with experience and relationships in the markets in which DNB operates and intends to expand. - DNB believes that its future success, including the implementation of its strategy, will depend in large part on the skills of its executive management team and ability to motivate and retain these and other key personnel and attract and retain new personnel with expertise and relationships in the markets DNB now serves and intends to serve. The loss of service of one or more of DNB's executive officers or key personnel, its inability to replace departing personnel and/or its ability to hire new personnel to implement DNB's strategy could limit DNB's growth and could materially adversely affect DNB's business, financial condition, and results of operations. Competition for qualified candidates is intense, and DNB cannot assure you that DNB will be able to retain and recruit management and other key personnel to meet its needs.

Potential limitations on incentive compensation contained in proposed federal agency rulemaking may adversely affect our ability to attract and retain our highest performing team members. - In April 2011 and May 2016, the Federal Reserve, other federal banking agencies and the SEC jointly published proposed rules designed to implement provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act prohibiting incentive compensation arrangements that would encourage inappropriate risk taking at covered financial institutions, which includes a bank or bank holding company with $1 billion or more in assets, such as DNB. It cannot be determined at this time whether or when a final rule will be adopted and whether compliance with such a final rule will substantially affect the manner in which we structure compensation for our executives and other employees.  Depending on the nature and application of the final rules, we may not be able to successfully compete with certain financial institutions and other companies that are not subject to some or all of the rules to retain and attract executives and other high performing employees.  If this were to occur, relationships that we have established with our clients may be impaired and our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected, perhaps materially.

New lines of business or new products and services may subject us to additional risk. - From time to time, DNB may implement new lines of business or offer new products and services within its existing lines of business. There may be substantial risks and uncertainties associated with these efforts, particularly in instances where the markets for those new lines of business or new products




or services are not yet fully developed. DNB may invest significant time and resources in developing and marketing new lines of business and/or new products and services.  DNB's anticipated timetables for the development and introduction of new lines of business and/or new products or services may not be achieved, and DNB's price and profitability targets may not prove feasible. In addition, external factors, such as compliance with regulations, competitive alternatives, and shifting market preferences, may also impact development and implementation of a new line of business and/or a new product or service. Any new line of business and/or new product or service also could have a significant impact on the effectiveness of DNB's system of internal controls. If DNB fails to successfully manage these risks in the development and implementation of new lines of business and/or new products or services, DNB's business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.

The fair value of DNB's investment securities can fluctuate due to market conditions which, under some circumstances can lead to other-than-temporary impairment. - As of December 31, 2017, the fair value of DNB's investment securities portfolio was approximately $174.2 million. Factors beyond DNB's control can significantly influence the fair value of DNB's investment securities and can result in adverse changes to their fair value. These factors include, but are not limited to, rating agency actions with respect to the securities, defaults by the issuer or with respect to any underlying securities, and changes in market interest rates and instability in the capital markets. These and other factors could cause other-than-temporary impairments and realized and/or unrealized losses in future periods and declines in other comprehensive income, which could have a material adverse effect on us. The process for determining whether impairment of a security is other-than-temporary typically requires complex, subjective judgments about the future financial performance and liquidity of the issuer and any collateral underlying the security in order to assess the probability of receiving all contractual principal and interest payments on the security.

Changes to estimates and assumptions DNB makes in preparing its financial statements could adversely affect its operating results, reported assets and liabilities, financial condition and capital levels. - The preparation of DNB's financial statements requires management to make certain critical accounting estimates and assumptions that could affect DNB's reported amounts of assets and liabilities and income and expense during the reporting periods. Changes to those estimates or assumptions could materially affect its operating results, reported assets and liabilities, financial condition and capital levels.

If DNB lost a significant portion of its low-cost deposits, it would negatively impact its liquidity and profitability. - DNB's profitability depends in part on DNB's success in attracting and retaining a stable base of low-cost deposits. While DNB generally does not believe these core deposits are sensitive to interest rate fluctuations, the competition for these deposits in DNB's markets is strong and customers are increasingly seeking investments that are safe, including the purchase of U.S. Treasury securities and other government-guaranteed obligations, as well as the establishment of accounts at the largest, most-well capitalized banks. If DNB were to lose a significant portion of its low-cost deposits, it would negatively impact its liquidity and profitability.

Changes in accounting standards and policies can be difficult to predict and can materially affect how DNB records and reports its financial results. - DNB's accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how DNB records and reports its financial condition and results of operations. The regulatory bodies that establish accounting standards, including, among others, the Financial Accounting, or FASB, and the SEC, periodically revise or issue new financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of its financial statements. These changes, and the effects of these changes, can be difficult to predict and can materially impact how DNB records and reports its financial condition and results of operations. DNB could be required to apply new or revised guidance retrospectively, which may result in the revision of prior period financial statements by material amounts. The implementation of new or revised accounting guidance could have a material adverse effect on its reported financial results.

In addition, DNB must exercise judgment in appropriately applying many of its accounting policies and methods so they comply with generally accepted accounting principles. In some cases, DNB may have to select a particular accounting policy or method from two or more alternatives. In some cases, the accounting policy or method chosen might be reasonable under the circumstances and yet might result in its reporting materially different amounts than would have been reported if DNB had selected a different policy or method. Accounting policies are critical to fairly presenting DNB's financial condition and results of operations and may require us to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments about matters that are uncertain.

If DNB fails to maintain an effective system of internal controls, its business could be adversely affected. - DNB is dependent upon maintaining an effective system of internal controls to provide reasonable assurance that transactions and activities are conducted in accordance with established policies and procedures and are all captured and reported in the financial statements. Any system of internal controls, however well designed and operated, is based in part on certain assumptions and expectations of employee conduct and can only provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the system are met. Any failure to maintain an effective system of internal controls, any failure to adhere to those internal controls, or any circumvention of DNB's controls could have a material adverse effect on its operations, net income, financial condition, reputation and compliance with laws and regulations. Any failure to maintain an effective internal control environment could impact our ability to report our financial results on an accurate and timely basis, which could result in regulatory actions, loss of investor confidence, and an adverse impact on our business operations and stock price.




Technological systems failures, interruptions and security breaches could negatively impact DNB's operations. - Communications and information systems are essential to the conduct of DNB's business, as DNB uses such systems to manage its customer relationships, its general ledger, its deposits, and its loans. While DNB has established policies and procedures to prevent or limit the impact of systems failures, interruptions, and security breaches, DNB cannot assure you that such events will not occur or that they will be adequately addressed if they do occur. In addition, any compromise of DNB's security systems could deter customers from using DNB's website and DNB's online banking service, which involve the transmission of confidential information. Although DNB relies on commonly-used security and processing systems to provide the security and authentication necessary to effect the secure transmission of data, these precautions may not protect its systems from compromises or breaches of security. In addition, DNB outsources certain of its data processing to third-party providers. If DNB's third-party providers encounter difficulties, or if DNB has difficulty in communicating with them, DNB's ability to adequately process and account for customer transactions could be affected, and DNB's business operations could be adversely impacted. Threats to information security also exist in the processing of customer information through various other vendors and their personnel. The occurrence of any systems failure, interruption, or breach of security could damage DNB's reputation and result in a loss of customers and business, could subject us to additional regulatory scrutiny, or could expose us to civil litigation and possible financial liability. Any of these occurrences could have a material adverse effect on DNB's financial condition and results of operations.

Additionally, financial products and services have become increasingly technology-driven. DNB's ability to meet the needs of its customers competitively, and in a cost-efficient manner, is dependent on DNB's ability to keep pace with technological advances and to invest in new technology as it becomes available. Many of DNB's competitors have greater resources to invest in technology than DNB does and may be better equipped to market new technology-driven products and services. If DNB fails to keep pace with technological change, it could have a material adverse impact on DNB's business.

Loss of, or failure to adequately safeguard, confidential or proprietary information may adversely affect DNB's operations, financial performance or reputation. - DNB regularly collects, processes, transmits and stores significant amounts of confidential information regarding its customers, employees and others. This information is necessary for DNB to conduct its business activities, including the ongoing maintenance of deposit, loan, investment management and other account relationships for DNB's customers, and receiving instructions and completing transactions for DNB's customers and other users of DNB's products and services. In addition, DNB compiles, processes, transmits and stores proprietary, non-public information concerning its business, operations, plans and strategies. In some cases, this confidential or proprietary information is collected, compiled, processed, transmitted or stored by third parties on DNB's behalf. Information security risks have generally increased in recent years because of the proliferation of new technologies and the increased sophistication and activities of perpetrators of cyber-attacks. A failure in or breach of DNB's operational or information security systems, or those of DNB's service providers, as a result of cyber-attacks, information security breaches or otherwise could adversely affect its business, result in the disclosure or misuse of confidential or proprietary information, damage DNB's reputation, increase DNB's costs and/or cause losses. If this confidential or proprietary information were to be mishandled, misused, improperly disclosed or lost, DNB could be exposed to significant regulatory consequences, reputational damage, civil litigation and financial loss. Although DNB employs a variety of safeguards to protect this confidential and proprietary information from mishandling, misuse, improper disclosure or loss, DNB cannot assure you that these safeguards will be effective in every instance, or that if mishandling, misuse, improper disclosure or loss of the information did occur, those events would be promptly detected and addressed. Additionally, as information security risks and cyber threats continue to evolve, DNB may be required to expend additional resources to continue to enhance its information security measures and/or to investigate and remediate any information security vulnerabilities.

Employee errors or misconduct could subject us to financial losses or regulatory sanctions and seriously harm DNB's reputation.  - Errors or misconduct by DNB's employees could adversely impact DNB's business. Employee misconduct could include hiding unauthorized activities from us, improper or unauthorized activities on behalf of customers or improper use of confidential information. It is not always possible to prevent employee errors and misconduct, and the precautions DNB takes to prevent and detect this activity may not be effective in all cases. Employee errors could also subject us to financial claims for negligence. Although DNB maintains a system of internal controls and insurance coverage to mitigate operational risks, including employee errors and customer or employee fraud, should those internal controls fail to prevent or detect errors or improper actions, or if any resulting loss is not insured or exceeds applicable insurance limits, DNB's business and reputation could be adversely affected.

Environmental risks associated with DNB's lending activities could adversely affect its financial condition and results of operations. - A significant portion of DNB's loan portfolio is secured by real property. In the course of its business, DNB may own or foreclose on and take title to real estate, which could result in DNB's being subject to environmental liabilities with respect to these properties.  DNB may become responsible to a governmental agency or third parties for property damage, personal injury, investigation and clean-up costs incurred by those parties in connection with environmental contamination, or DNB may be required to investigate or clean-up hazardous or toxic substances, or chemical releases at a property. The costs associated with environmental investigation or remediation activities could be substantial. If DNB were to become subject to significant environmental liabilities, it could have a material adverse effect on DNB's financial condition and results of operations.




Severe weather, natural disasters, acts of war or terrorism and other external events could adversely affect DNB's business. - A variety of events over which DNB has no control, including severe weather, natural disasters, acts of war or terrorism and others could have a significant adverse effect on its business. Events such as these could affect the stability of its deposit base, impair the ability of borrowers to repay outstanding loans, impair the value of collateral securing loans, cause significant damage to properties funded by DNB's loans, result in loss of revenue and/or cause us to incur additional expenses.

Potential additional acquisitions in the future may disrupt DNB's business and dilute shareholder value. - DNB may pursue additional acquisitions of other financial institutions in the future as part of its growth strategy.  As a result, DNB may engage in negotiations or discussions that, if they were to result in a transaction, could have a material effect on its business, operating results and financial condition. In any acquisition, DNB may pay for the acquisition through the payment of cash, the issuance of its common stock or other securities, or a combination thereof.  Depending on the size of the acquisition, the amount DNB pays may be material.  Using cash in connection with any acquisition could materially affect DNB's cash resources or require us to incur indebtedness.  Using shares of common stock as payment could dilute the ownership interest of current shareholders.  In addition, the required accounting treatment for certain acquisitions could result in us having to recognize a charge against earnings, which could materially and adversely affect DNB's results of operations during the period in which the charge is recognized. In addition, if goodwill recorded in connection with our prior or potential future acquisitions were determined to be impaired, then we would be required to recognize a charge against our earnings, which could materially and adversely affect our results of operations during the period in which the impairment was recognized. Any potential charges for impairment related to goodwill would not directly impact cash flow or tangible capital.

Acquisition activities generally involve a number of additional risks and potential effects on us and DNB's business, including:




the time and expense associated with identifying and evaluating potential acquisitions and negotiating potential transactions, including the diversion of management resources from the operation of DNB's existing business;





the time and expense necessary to integrate the operations and personnel of the acquired company; and





difficulties relating to the conversion of operational, financial, accounting and customer data of the acquired company onto its systems.

DNB may not be successful in addressing the risks and inherent challenges in completing acquisitions.  DNB may lose key employees, experience disruption of DNB's business and customer relationships, incur unexpected costs and face a variety of other unanticipated challenges, any of which could result in not achieving the anticipated benefits of an acquisition.  If DNB is not able to successfully identify and address the risks and challenges associated with acquisitions, its business may be harmed and its financial position and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

Attractive acquisition opportunities may not be available to us in the future, which could limit the growth of DNB's business. - DNB's future growth may depend, in part, on its ability to expand its business through additional acquisitions of other financial institutions in the future.  DNB expects that other banking and financial service companies, many of which have significantly greater resources than us, will compete with us in seeking to complete such acquisitions. This could decrease out chances of growing through acquisitions and increase prices for potential acquisition opportunities that DNB believes are attractive. Also, DNB's acquisitions are subject to various regulatory approvals. If DNB fails to receive the appropriate regulatory approvals for a proposed acquisition, DNB will not be able to complete a transaction which DNB believes to be in its best interests. DNB's regulators consider its capital, liquidity, profitability, regulatory compliance and levels of goodwill and intangibles, among other factors, when considering DNB's acquisition and expansion proposals. If DNB is unable to pursue and complete acquisitions, its ability to grow its business could be adversely affected.

DNB operates in a highly regulated environment, and the laws and regulations that govern its operations, changes in those laws and regulations, or its failure to comply with applicable laws and regulations, could materially and adversely affect us. - DNB is subject to extensive regulation, supervision, and legislation that govern almost all aspects of its operations. These are intended to protect customers, depositors and the FDIC's Deposit Insurance Fund and not shareholders.  Among other things, these laws and regulations prescribe minimum capital requirements, impose limitations on its business activities, limit the dividends or distributions that DNB can pay, restrict the ability of DNB First to engage in transactions with DNB, and impose certain specific accounting requirements on us that may be more restrictive and may result in greater or earlier charges to earnings or reductions in its capital than GAAP. Compliance with laws and regulations can be difficult and costly, and changes to laws and regulations often impose additional compliance costs, and may make certain business practices or products impermissible or uneconomic. DNB's failure to comply with these laws and regulations, even if the failure follows good faith effort or reflects a difference in interpretation, could subject us to restrictions on its business activities, reputational harm, fines and other penalties, any of which could materially and adversely affect us. Further, any new laws, rules and regulations could make compliance more difficult or expensive and also materially and adversely affect us.




Our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects could be adversely affected by the highly regulated environment in which we operate. - As a bank holding company, we are subject to federal supervision and regulation.  Federal regulation of the banking industry, along with tax and accounting laws, regulations, rules and standards, may limit our operations significantly and control the methods by which we conduct business, just as they limit those of other banking organizations.  In addition, compliance with laws and regulations can be difficult and costly, and changes to laws and regulations can impose additional compliance costs.  The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), which imposes significant regulatory and compliance changes on financial institutions, is an example of this type of federal regulation.  Many of these regulations are intended to protect depositors, customers, the public, the banking system as a whole, or the FDIC insurance funds, not stockholders.  Regulatory requirements and discretion affect our lending practices, capital structure, investment practices, dividend policy and many other aspects of our business.  There are laws and regulations which restrict transactions between us and our subsidiaries.  These requirements may constrain our operations, and the adoption of new laws and changes to or repeal of existing laws may have a further impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.  Also, the burden imposed by those federal and state regulations may place banks in general, including our Bank in particular, at a competitive disadvantage compared to their non-banking competitors. We are also subject to requirements with respect to the confidentiality of information obtained from clients concerning their identities, business and personal financial information, employment, and other matters.  We require our personnel to agree to keep all such information confidential and we monitor compliance.  Failure to comply with confidentiality requirements could result in material liability and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations and future prospects.

Bank holding companies and financial institutions are extensively regulated and currently face an uncertain regulatory environment. Applicable laws, regulations, interpretations, enforcement policies and accounting principles have been subject to significant changes in recent years, and may be subject to significant future changes.  Future changes may have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. 

Federal and state regulatory agencies may adopt changes to their regulations or change the manner in which existing regulations are applied.  We cannot predict the substance or effect of pending or future legislation or regulation or the application of laws and regulations to DNB.  Compliance with current and potential regulation, as well as regulatory scrutiny, may significantly increase our costs, impede the efficiency of our internal business processes, require us to increase our regulatory capital, and limit our ability to pursue business opportunities in an efficient manner by requiring us to expend significant time, effort and resources to ensure compliance and respond to any regulatory inquiries or investigations.  In addition, press coverage and other public statements that assert some form of wrongdoing by financial services companies (including press coverage and public statements that do not involve us) may result in regulatory inquiries or investigations, which, independent of the outcome, may be time-consuming and expensive and may divert time, effort and resources from our business.  Evolving regulations and guidance and concerning executive compensation may also impose limitations on us that affect our ability to compete successfully for executive and management talent.

In addition, given the current economic and financial environment, regulators may elect to alter standards or the interpretation of the standards used to measure regulatory compliance or to determine the adequacy of liquidity, certain risk management or other operational practices for financial services companies in a manner that impacts our ability to implement our strategy and could affect us in substantial and unpredictable ways, and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Furthermore, the regulatory agencies have extremely broad direction in their interpretation of the regulations and laws and their interpretation of the quality of our loan portfolio, securities portfolio and other assets.  If any regulatory agency’s assessment of the quality of our assets, operations, lending practices, investment practices, capital structure or other assets of our business differs from our assessment, we may be required to take additional charges or undertake or refrain from taking actions that would have the effect of materially reducing our earning, capital ratios and share price.

New capital rules that were recently issued generally require insured depository institutions and certain holding companies to hold more capital. The impact of the new rules on DNB's financial condition and operations is uncertain. - In July 2013, U.S. federal bank regulatory agencies issued final rules that substantially amended the regulatory risk-based capital rules applicable to DNB and DNB First. The new rules revise, among other things, risk-based capital requirements and the method for calculating risk weighted assets to make those standards consistent with agreements that were reached by Basel III and certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. Certain requirements of the rule began to phase in on January 1, 2015 and the remaining requirements of the rule will be phased by January 1, 2019. The new rules include certain new and higher risk-based capital and leverage requirements than those currently in place. In addition, in order to avoid restrictions on capital distributions (including dividends) or discretionary bonus payments to executives, a covered banking organization must maintain a "capital conservation buffer" on top of its minimum risk-based capital requirements. The capital conservation buffer will be phased in incrementally over time, becoming fully effective on January 1, 2019.  Furthermore, in the current economic and regulatory environment, bank regulators may impose capital requirements that are more stringent than those required by applicable existing regulations. The application of more stringent capital requirements for us could, among other things, result in lower returns on equity, require the raising of additional capital, and result in regulatory actions if DNB were to be unable to comply with such requirements. Implementation of changes to asset risk weightings for risk based capital calculations, items included or deducted in calculating regulatory capital or additional capital conservation buffers, could result in modifications to its business strategy and could limit its ability to make distributions, including paying dividends or repurchasing its shares. In December 2017, the




Basel Committee on Banking Supervision published standards that it described as the finalization of the Basel III regulatory framework (commonly referred to as Basel IV).  Among other things, these standards revise the Basel Committee’s standardized approach for credit risk and provide a new standardized approach for operational risk capital. Under the Basel framework, these standards will generally be effective on January 1, 2022, with an aggregate output floor phasing in through January 1, 2027.  Under the current U.S. capital rules, operational risk capital requirements and a capital floor apply only to advanced approaches institutions, and not to DNB or the Bank.  The impact of Basel IV on us will depend on the manner in which it is implemented by the federal bank regulators.

The FDIC's restoration plan and the related increased assessment rate could materially and adversely affect us. - The FDIC insures deposits at FDIC-insured depository institutions, including DNB First, up to applicable limits. The amount of a particular institution's deposit insurance assessment is based on that institution's risk classification under an FDIC risk-based assessment system. An institution's risk classification is assigned based on certain factors, including capital levels and the level of supervisory concern regulators believe the institution poses. Market developments have significantly depleted the FDIC Deposit Insurance Fund, or DIF, and reduced the ratio of reserves to insured deposits. As a result of recent economic conditions and the enactment of the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has increased the deposit insurance assessment rates and thus raised deposit insurance premiums for insured depository institutions. If these increases are insufficient for the DIF to meet its funding requirements, there may need to be further special assessments or increases in deposit insurance premiums. DNB is generally unable to control the amount of premiums that DNB is required to pay for FDIC insurance. If there are additional bank or financial institution failures, DNB may be required to pay even higher FDIC premiums than the recently increased levels. Any future additional assessments, increases or required prepayments in FDIC insurance premiums may materially and adversely affect us, including by reducing DNB's profitability or limiting its ability to pursue certain business opportunities.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau may reshape consumer financial laws through rulemaking and enforcement of unfair, deceptive or abusive practices, which may directly impact DNB's business practices relating to consumer financial products or services. - The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, or CFPB, has broad rulemaking authority to administer and carry out the purposes and objectives of the "Federal consumer financial laws, and to prevent evasions thereof," with respect to all financial institutions that offer financial products and services to consumers. The CFPB is also authorized to prescribe rules applicable to any covered person or service provider identifying and prohibiting acts or practices that are "unfair, deceptive, or abusive" in connection with any transaction with a consumer for a consumer financial product or service, or the offering of a consumer financial product or service ("UDAP authority"). The potential reach of the CFPB's broad new rulemaking powers and UDAP authority on the operations of financial institutions offering consumer financial products or services, including us, is currently unknown.

DNB First is subject to federal and state and fair lending laws and failure to comply with these laws could lead to material penalties. - Federal and state fair lending laws and regulations, such as the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act, impose nondiscriminatory lending requirements on financial institutions. The Department of Justice, CFPB, and other federal and state agencies are responsible for enforcing these laws and regulations. Private parties may also have the ability to challenge an institution's performance under fair lending laws in private class action litigation. A successful challenge to DNB First's performance under the fair lending laws and regulations could adversely impact DNB First's  rating under the Community Reinvestment Act and result in a wide variety of sanctions, including the required payment of damages and civil money penalties, injunctive relief, imposition of restrictions on merger and acquisition activity and restrictions on expansion activity, which could negatively impact DNB's reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.

DNB faces a risk of noncompliance and enforcement action with the Bank Secrecy Act and other anti-money laundering statutes and regulations. - The Bank Secrecy Act, the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the "PATRIOT Act") and other laws and regulations require financial institutions, including us, to institute and maintain an effective anti-money laundering program and file suspicious activity and currency transaction reports as appropriate. The federal Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, established by the Treasury Department to administer the Bank Secrecy Act, is authorized to impose significant civil money penalties for violations of those requirements, and has recently engaged in coordinated enforcement efforts with the individual federal banking regulators, as well as the Justice Department, Drug Enforcement Administration and Internal Revenue Service. There is also increased scrutiny of compliance with the rules enforced by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (the "OFAC"). If its policies, procedures and systems are deemed deficient, DNB would be subject to liability, including fines and regulatory actions, including possible restrictions on DNB's ability to pay dividends and the necessity to obtain regulatory approvals to proceed with certain aspects of its business plan, which could materially and adversely affect us. Failure to maintain and implement adequate programs to combat money laundering and terrorist financing could also have serious reputational consequences for us.

DNB's share price may change for a variety of reasons, some of which are beyond DNB's control. - DNB's share price can fluctuate in response to a variety of factors, some of which are not under DNB's control. These factors could cause the share price to decrease regardless of DNB's operating results. These factors include:







DNB's financial condition, performance, creditworthiness and prospects;





DNB's past and future dividend practice;





operating results that vary from the expectations of management, securities analysts and investors;





quarterly variations in DNB's operating results or in the quality of DNB's assets;





operating results and securities price performance of companies that investors believe are comparable to us;





the credit, mortgage and housing markets, the markets for securities relating to mortgages or housing, and developments with respect to financial institutions generally;





future sales of DNB's equity or equity-related securities;





changes in global financial markets and global economies and general market conditions, such as interest or foreign exchange rates, stock, commodity or real estate valuations or volatility and other geopolitical, regulatory or judicial events; and




ineffective internal controls over financial reporting

In addition, DNB's share price can be affected by the level of trading in its common stock.  The trading volume for the common stock has historically been less than that of larger financial services companies. In light of the relatively low trading volume, significant sales of its common stock in the public market, or the perception that those sales may occur, could cause the trading price of the common stock to decline or to be lower than it otherwise might be in the absence of those sales or perceptions.

DNB may sell additional shares of its common stock or other securities that are convertible into or exchangeable for its common stock, which may adversely affect the market price of DNB's common stock. - DNB is not restricted from issuing additional shares of common stock or other securities, including securities that may be convertible into or exchangeable for shares of its common stock. Some of these securities may have distribution rights in connection with liquidation or other rights, including dividend and voting rights, senior to the rights of DNB's common stock. The future issuance of shares of common stock or other securities could have a dilutive effect on the holders of DNB's common stock. Additionally, the market value of DNB's common stock could decline as a result of sales by us of a large number of shares of common stock or other securities or the perception that such sales could occur.

Provisions in DNB's articles of incorporation and bylaws may inhibit a takeover of us, which could discourage transactions that would otherwise be in the best interests of DNB's shareholders and could entrench management. - Provisions of DNB's amended and restated articles of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws, and applicable provisions of Pennsylvania law may delay, inhibit or prevent someone from gaining control of its business through a tender offer, business combination, proxy contest or some other method even though some shareholders might believe a change in control is desirable.

DNB relies on dividends from DNB First for most of DNB's revenue. - DNB is a bank holding company and its operations are conducted by DNB's subsidiaries from which DNB receives dividends. The ability of DNB's subsidiaries to pay dividends is subject to legal and regulatory limitations, profitability, financial condition, capital expenditures and other cash flow requirements. The ability of DNB First to pay cash dividends to DNB is limited by its obligation to maintain sufficient capital and by other restrictions on its cash dividends that are applicable to banks. If DNB First is not permitted to pay cash dividends to DNB, it is unlikely that DNB would be able to pay cash dividends on its common stock.

Combining the two companies may be more difficult, costly or time-consuming than expected and the anticipated benefits and cost savings of the merger may not be realized. - The challenges involved in combining the operations of DNB and ERB include, among other things, integrating personnel with diverse business backgrounds, combining different corporate cultures, and retaining key employees. It is possible that the integration process could result in the loss of key employees or disruption of each company's ongoing business or inconsistencies in standards, controls, procedures and policies that adversely affect DNB's ability to maintain relationships with customers and employees or to achieve the anticipated benefits of the merger. The integration of the two companies will require the experience and expertise of certain key employees of ERB who are expected to be retained by DNB. DNB may not be successful in retaining these employees for the time period necessary to successfully integrate ERB's operations with those of DNB.  In addition, as with any merger of banking institutions, there also may be business disruptions that cause us to lose customers or cause customers to take their deposits out of DNB. The success of the combined company following the merger may depend in large part on the ability to integrate the two businesses, business models and cultures. DNB may not be able to successfully achieve the level of cost savings, revenue enhancements, and other anticipated synergies, and may not be able to capitalize upon the existing customer relationships of ERB to the extent anticipated, or it may take longer, or be more difficult or expensive than expected to achieve these goals. If DNB is




not able to integrate the companies' operations successfully and in a timely manner, the expected benefits of the merger may not be realized, and this could have an adverse effect on DNB's business, results of operation and stock price. 

Goodwill Impairment may adversely impact our results of operations.  - Impairment of goodwill or other intangible assets could require charges to earnings, which could result in a negative impact on our results of operations. Under current accounting standards, goodwill and certain other intangible assets with indeterminate lives are no longer amortized but, instead, are evaluated for impairment periodically or when impairment indicators are present. Evaluation of goodwill and such other intangible assets could result in circumstances where the applicable intangible asset is deemed to be impaired for accounting purposes. Under such circumstances, the intangible asset’s impairment would be reflected as a charge to earnings in the period during which such impairment is identified. Management reviewed the requirements of the qualitative assessments listed in ASC 350-20-35-3C, and resultantly identified nine qualitative assessments that are relevant to the general banking industry and specifically to DNB. These qualitative assessments were intended to isolate change factors which would contribute to the increased risk of impairment of goodwill. The qualitative factors were then used to compare base year levels with current levels to identify potential change factors which could contribute to the increased risk of impairment of goodwill. Based on the results of this analysis, it is more likely than not that the fair value of reporting unit as of the date of this report is higher than its book value and, therefore, goodwill is considered not impaired and no further testing is required pursuant to ASC Topic 350-20.


There is no assurance that we will be successful in overcoming these risks or any other problems encountered in connection with pending or potential acquisitions. Our inability to overcome these risks could have an adverse effect on our levels of reported net income, ROE and ROA, and our ability to achieve our business strategy and maintain our market value.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments


Item 2.  Properties

As of December 31, 2017, DNB owns or leases 15 full-service branch locations, two of which additionally serve as other administrative offices. The following tables detail DNB’s properties as of December 31, 2017:





Banking Office

Office Location



3915 Chichester Avenue, Boothwyn, PA 19061



1835 East Lincoln Highway, Coatesville, PA 19320


Chadds Ford

300 Oakland Road, West Chester, PA 19382



4 Brandywine Avenue, Downingtown, PA 19335


East End

701 East Lancaster Avenue, Downingtown, PA 19335


East Falls

4341 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19129



410 Exton Square Parkway, Exton, PA 19341


Kennett Square

215 East Cypress Street, Kennett Square, PA 19348



891 Pottstown Pike, Exton, PA 19341


Little Washington

104 Culbertson Run Road, Downingtown, PA 19335


Ludwig’s Corner

1030 North Pottstown Pike, Chester Springs, PA 19425


Old City

36 North 3rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106



6137 Ridge Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19128


West Chester*

124 West Market Street, West Chester, PA 19380


West Goshen

1115 West Chester Pike, West Chester, PA 19380




Other Administrative Offices




4 Brandywine Avenue, Downingtown, PA 19335



104 Brandywine Avenue, Downingtown, PA 19335


West Chester

124 West Market Street, West Chester, PA 19380


*Wealth Management Office


Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

Neither the Corporation nor any of its subsidiaries is a party to, nor is any of their property the subject of, any material pending legal proceedings other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to their business.




Item 4.  Mine Safety Disclosures

Not Applicable.

Part II

Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

(a) Market Price of and Dividends on Registrant’s Common Equity

DNB Financial Corporation’s common stock, par value $1.00 per share, is listed for trading on Nasdaq's Capital Market under the symbol DNBF. Current price information is available from account executives at most brokerage firms as well as the firms listed at the back of this report who are market makers of DNB’s common stock. There were approximately 600 holders of record who owned 4.million shares of common stock outstanding at March 12, 2018. Quarterly high and low sales prices are set forth in the following table:


















































First quarter




















Second quarter




















Third quarter




















Fourth quarter




















The information required with respect to the frequency and amount of DNB’s cash dividends declared on each class of its common equity for the two most recent fiscal years is set forth in the section of this report titled, “Item 6 — Selected Financial Data”  and incorporated herein by reference.

See also the discussion under "5. Certain Regulatory Matters" of "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations" for further information regarding limitations on our ability to pay dividends.

The information required with respect to securities authorized for issuance under DNB’s equity compensation plans is set forth in “Item 12 — Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters”, and incorporated herein by reference.

(b) Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities


 (c) Purchases of Equity Securities by DNB and Affiliated Purchasers

The following table provides information on repurchases by or on behalf of DNB or any “affiliated purchaser” (as defined in Regulation 10b-18(a) (3)) of its common stock in each month of the quarter ended December 31, 2017.














Total Number of

Maximum Number




Shares Purchased

of Shares that May

Total Number



as Part of Publicly

Yet Be Purchased

Of Shares


Price Paid

Announced Plans

Under the Plans or




Per Share

or Programs


October 1, 2017 - October 31, 2017






November 1, 2017 - November 30, 2017






December 1, 2017 - December 31, 2017












On July 25, 2001, DNB authorized the buyback of up to 175,000 shares of its common stock over an indefinite period. On August 27, 2004, DNB increased the buyback from 175,000 to 325,000 shares of its common stock over an indefinite period.




(d) Corporation Performance Graph

The following graph presents the 5 year cumulative total return on DNB Financial Corporation’s common stock, compared to the S&P 500 Index and the S&P 500 Financial Index for the 5 year period ended December 31, 2017. The comparison assumes that $100 was invested in DNB’s common stock and each of the foregoing indices and that all dividends have been reinvested.




Picture 1




Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

The selected financial data set forth below is derived in part from, and should be read in conjunction with, the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto, contained elsewhere herein.































At or For the Year Ended December 31

(Dollars in thousands, except share data)






















Interest income
















Interest expense
















Net interest income
















Provision for credit losses
















Non-interest income
















Non-interest expense
















Income before income taxes
















Income tax expense
















Net income
















Preferred stock dividends & accretion of discount
















Net income available to common stockholders















































Basic earnings
















Diluted earnings
















Cash dividends
















Book value
















Tangible book value (Non-GAAP)
















Average common shares outstanding
















Average diluted common shares outstanding
































Return on average assets
















Return on average stockholders' equity
















Return on average tangible equity (Non-GAAP)
















Net interest margin
















Efficiency ratio
















Wtd average yield on earning assets
































Total assets
















Total liabilities
















Total stockholders' equity
















Loans, gross
















Allowance for credit losses
















Investment securities
































Intangible assets
































































Net charge-offs to average loans
















Non-performing loans/total loans
















Non-performing assets/total assets
















Allowance for credit loss/total loans
















Allowance for credit loss/non-performing loans
































Total equity/total assets
















Tangible equity/tangible assets
















Tier 1 leverage ratio
















Common equity tier 1 risk based capital ratio
















Tier 1 risk based capital ratio
















Total risk based capital ratio



















Item 7.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

I.Introductory Overview

DNB is a bank holding company whose bank subsidiary, the Bank, is a nationally chartered commercial bank with trust powers, and a member of the FDIC. DNB provides a broad range of banking services to individual and corporate customers through its fifteen community offices located throughout Chester, Delaware, and Philadelphia Counties, Pennsylvania. DNB is a community banking organization that focuses its lending and other services on businesses and consumers in the local market area. DNB funds all these activities with retail and business deposits and borrowings. Through its Wealth Management Group, the Bank provides wealth management and trust services to individuals, businesses and non-profit organizations. The Bank and its subsidiary, DNB Investments and Insurance, make available certain non-depository products and services, such as securities brokerage, mutual funds, life insurance and annuities.

DNB earns revenues and generates cash flows by lending funds to commercial and consumer customers in its marketplace. DNB generates its largest source of interest income through its lending function. A secondary source of interest income is DNB’s investment portfolio, which provides liquidity and cash flows for future lending needs.

In addition to interest earned on loans and investments, DNB earns revenues from fees it charges customers for non-lending services. These services include wealth management and trust services; brokerage and investment services; cash management services; banking and ATM services; as well as safekeeping and other depository services.

To ensure we remain well positioned to meet the growing needs of our customers and communities and to meet the challenges of the 21st century, we’ve worked to build awareness of our full-service capabilities and ability to meet the needs of a wide range of customers. This served to not only retain our existing customer base, but to position ourselves as an attractive financial institution on which younger individuals and families can build their dreams. To that end, DNB continues to make appropriate investments in all areas of our business, including people, technology, facilities and marketing.




Non-GAAP Based Financial Measures


Our selected financial data contains non-GAAP financial measures calculated using non-GAAP amounts. These measures are tangible book value per common share and return on average tangible equity. Tangible book value per share adjusts the numerator by the amount of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (reduction of Shareholders' Equity). Return on average tangible equity adjusts the denominator by the amount of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets (reduction of Shareholders’ Equity). Management uses non-GAAP measures to present historical periods comparable to the current period presentation. In addition, management believes the use of non-GAAP measures provides additional clarity when assessing our financial results and use of equity. Disclosures of this type should not be viewed as substitutes for results determined to be in accordance with U.S. GAAP, nor are they necessarily comparable to non-GAAP performance measures that may be presented by other entities.







Reconciliation of Book Value Per Common Share to Tangible Book Value Per Common Share

For the year ended

December 31,

(in thousands, except share and per share data)





Stockholders' Equity














Other intangible assets







Tangible common equity (Non-GAAP)













Outstanding shares













Book value per common share (GAAP)







Tangible book value per common share (Non-GAAP)













Return on Average Tangible Equity (Non-GAAP)

For the year ended

December 31,

(in thousands)





Average Stockholders' Equity







Average goodwill







Average other intangible assets







Average tangible stockholders' equity (Non-GAAP)













Return on average tangible equity (Non-GAAP)













Tax equivalent interest on tax-exempt investment securities (Non-GAAP)

For the year ended

December 31,

(in thousands)





Interest on tax exempt investment securities (GAAP)







Tax adjustment







Tax equivalent interest on tax-exempt investment securities (Non-GAAP)













Tax equivalent interest and fees on loans (Non-GAAP)

For the year ended

December 31,

(in thousands)





Interest and fees on loans (GAAP)







Tax adjustment







Tax equivalent interest and fees on loans (Non-GAAP)










Highlights of DNB’s results for the year-end December 31, 2017 include:


For the year ending December 31, 2017, net income was $7.9 million, or $1.85 per diluted share, compared with $5.0 million, or $1.55 per diluted share, for the same period, last year. For the year ended December 31, 2017 results were impacted by a $1.8 million charge, or $0.43 per diluted share, to adjust deferred taxes due to the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. This Act reduced corporate income tax rates from 34% to 21%, leading management to revalue its net Deferred Tax Assets, effective as of December 22, 2017. On October 1, 2016 DNB completed its acquisition of East River Bank and its results of operations are included in the consolidated results for the fourth quarter of 2016 and the full year ended December 31, 2017.


Asset quality remained solid as non-performing assets, including loans and other real estate property, were $12.6 million as of December 31, 2017, or 1.16% of total assets, compared with $11.3 million as of December 31, 2016, or 1.05% of total assets.


DNB continued its focus on growing fee-based income. Wealth Management recorded a strong growth in total assets under care, which increased 18.02% to $252.8 million as of December 31, 2017, from $214.2 million as of December 31, 2016. This growth contributed to a $79,000 or 4.83% increase in Wealth Management fees, which represented approximately 32% of total non-interest income for the year ended December 31, 2017.


Capital ratios continue to exceed minimum regulatory standards for well-capitalized institutions. As of December 31, 2017, the tier 1 leverage ratio was 9.19%, the tier 1 risk-based capital was 11.80%, the common equity tier 1 risk-based capital ratio was 10.71% and the total risk-based capital ratio was 13.73%.

DNB is particularly exposed to downturns in the greater Philadelphia region as well as the global and U.S. economies. Starting in the 2007-2008 time period, a weak economy, coupled with declines in the housing market and elevated unemployment negatively impacted the credit performance of mortgage, construction and other loans and resulted in significant write-downs by many financial institutions across the U.S. In addition, the values of real estate collateral supporting many loans declined. While certain economic conditions in the U.S. have shown some improvement over the last eight years, economic growth has been slow and uneven as consumers continue to recover from previously high unemployment rates and lower housing valuations. In addition, high levels of U.S. government debt, as well as economic and political conditions in the global markets may impact DNB’s borrowers negatively. Unfavorable general economic trends, reduced availability of commercial credit and a sustained low Labor Force Participation rate, can negatively impact the credit performance of both consumer and commercial credits, resulting in increased write-downs. A worsening of these conditions, such as an economic slowdown or recession, would likely worsen the adverse effects of these difficult market conditions on DNB and other financial institutions. 

In addition, DNB’s net interest margin has been impacted by these changes in the economy. Management has been aggressive in managing DNB’s cost of funds during the year by implementing carefully planned pricing strategies, designed to offset the effects of a flattening yield curve, while matching liquidity needs. Our composite cost of funds for 2017 was 0.73%, compared to 0.53% in 2016. DNB’s net interest margin increased significantly to 3.78% in 2017 from 3.31% in 2016. The increased net interest margin was primarily caused by the higher volume and higher yield of interest-earning assets in 2017, over 2016, coupled with a higher rate environment and increased recognition of fair value marks on acquired loans, year over year.

Earnings. For the year ended December 31, 2017, DNB reported net income available to common shareholders of $7.9 million, an increase of $3.0 million from $5.0 million reported for the year ended December 31, 2016, or $1.85 per diluted share versus $1.55 per diluted share, respectively. DNB’s 2016 results include the operations of the former East River Bank for the fourth quarter of 2016, a $1.2 million gain from insurance proceeds associated with a fire at one of DNB’s offices during the second quarter of 2015,  as well as $2.2 million of due diligence and merger related costs associated with its acquisition of East River Bank.

Asset Quality. Non-performing assets were $12.6 million at December 31, 2017 compared to $11.3 million at December 31, 2016. Non-performing assets as of December 31, 2017 were comprised of $7.5 million of non-accrual loans, $54,000 of loans delinquent over ninety days and still accruing, as well as $4.8 million of Other Real Estate Owned (“OREO”) and $177,000 in other repossessed property. As of December 31, 2017, the non-performing loans to total loans ratio decreased to 0.89% compared to 1.04% at December 31, 2016. The non-performing assets to total assets ratio increased to 1.16% at December 31, 2017, compared to 1.05% at December 31, 2016. The allowance for credit losses was $5.8 million at December 31, 2017, compared to $5.4 million at December 31, 2016. The allowance to total loans was 0.69% at December 31, 2017 compared to 0.66% at December 31, 2016. Loans acquired in connection with the purchase of East River have been recorded at fair value based on an initial estimate of expected cash flows, including a reduction for estimated credit losses, and without carryover of the respective portfolio's historical allowance for loan losses. DNB’s delinquency ratio (the total of all delinquent loans plus loans greater than 90 days and still accruing, divided by total loans) was 1.07% at December 31, 2017,  down from 1.60% at December 31, 2016. 




II.Overview of Financial Condition — Major Changes and Trends

At December 31, 2017, DNB had consolidated assets of $1.1 billion and a Tier I/Leverage Capital Ratio of 9.19%. Loans comprise 81.4% of earning assets, while investments and overnight funds constitute the remainder. Assets increased $11.2 million to $1.08 billion at December 31, 2017, compared to $1.07 billion at December 31, 2016. During the same period, investment securities decreased $8.0 million to $174.2 million, while the loan portfolio increased $28.4 million, or 3.47%, to $845.9 million. Deposits decreased $24.0 million to $861.2 million at December 31, 2017. DNB’s liabilities are comprised of a high level of core deposits with a low cost of funds, in addition to a moderate level of brokered deposits and borrowings with costs that are more volatile than core deposits.

Comprehensive 5-Year Plan. During the third quarter of 2017, management updated the 5-year strategic plan that was designed to reposition its balance sheet and improve core earnings. Through the plan, management will endeavor to expand its loan portfolio through new originations, increased loan participations, as well as strategic loan and lease purchases. Management also plans to reduce the absolute level of borrowings and brokered deposits with cash flows from existing loans and investments as well as from new core deposit growth. A discussion on DNB’s Key Strategies follows:



Focus on penetrating existing markets to maximize profitability;



Grow loans and diversify the mix;



Improve asset quality;



Focus on profitable customer segments;



Grow and diversify non-interest income, primarily wealth management, origination and sales of SBA guaranteed loans and mortgage banking;



Continue to grow core deposits to maintain low funding costs;






Focus on cost containment and improving operational efficiencies; and



Continue to engage employees to help them become more effective and successful.

Strategic Plan Update.

For the year ending December 31, 2017, net income was $7.9 million, or $1.85 per diluted share, compared with $5.0 million, or $1.55 per diluted share, for the same period, last year. Results for the year ended December 31, 2017 were impacted by a $1.8 million charge, or $0.43 per diluted share, to adjust deferred taxes due to the enactment of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017. 

The weighted average rate paid for interest-bearing liabilities was 0.73% and 0.53% for the years ending December 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. The increase in the composite cost of funds was due largely to increases in short term rates, precipitated by the Federal Reserve’s rate hikes, which has impacted the rates we pay on the majority of our non-maturity deposit accounts.

As of December 31, 2017, total assets were $1.1 billion, which was relatively unchanged from year-end, 2016. Total annual loan growth of $28.4 million, or 3.47%, was partially offset by an $8.0 million, or 4.41% decline in investment securities and an $11.2 million, or 50.61%, decrease in cash and cash equivalents. Total deposits decreased $24.0 million, or 2.71%. As of December 31, 2017, total stockholders’ equity was $101.9 million, compared with $94.8 million as of December 31, 2016. Book value per share was $23.78 as of December 31, 2017, compared with $22.36 as of December 31, 2016. Tangible book value per share was $20.06 as of December 31, 2017, compared with $18.56 as of December 31, 2016.

Over the past 12 months, DNB’s commercial mortgage lending portfolio increased $19.4 million, or 4.16%, commercial term loans grew $6.4 million, or 5.16%, and commercial construction loans increased $2.3 million, or 3.10%. At December 31, 2017, commercial loans totaled $689.4 million and were 81.50% of total loans. 

The allowance for credit losses at December 31, 2017 was $5.8 million compared to $5.4 million at December 31, 2016. The $470,000 increase was primarily due to a $1.7 million provision and $135,000 in recoveries, offset by $1.3 million in charge-offs. The allowance as a percentage of total loans and leases increased to 0.69% at December 31, 2017, compared to 0.66% at December 31, 2016. At December 31, 2017, the allowance for credit losses as a percentage of originated loans, which represents all loans other than those acquired, was 1.00%. Included in non-performing assets is $5.0 million in other real estate owned and other repossessed property (OREO) and $7.6 million in non-performing loans. The level of non-performing loans to total loans decreased to 0.89% as of December 31, 2017, as compared to 1.04% at December 31, 2016. Our coverage ratio, defined as the allowance for credit losses as a percentage of non-performing loans increased to 77.36% on December 31, 2017, compared to 63.20% at December 31, 2016.

DNB’s most significant revenue source continues to be net interest income, defined as total interest income less total interest expense, which in 2017 accounted for approximately 87.42% of total revenue. To produce net interest income and consistent earnings




growth over the long-term, DNB must generate loan and deposit growth at acceptable economic spreads within its market area. To generate and grow loans and deposits, DNB must focus on a number of areas including, but not limited to, the economy, branch expansion, sales practices, customer satisfaction and retention, competition, customer behavior, technology, product innovation and credit performance of its customers.

Management has made a concerted effort to improve the measurement and tracking of business lines and overall corporate performance levels. Improved information systems have increased DNB’s ability to track key indicators and enhance corporate performance levels. Better measurement against goals and objectives and increased accountability will be integral in attaining desired loan, deposit and fee income production.

III.DNB’s Principal Products and Services

Loans and Lending Services.  DNB’s primary source of earnings and cash flows is derived from its lending function. The commercial loan portfolio amounted to $689.4 million or 81.50% of total loans as of December 31, 2017. DNB focuses on providing these products to small to mid-size businesses throughout Chester, Delaware, and Philadelphia Counties. In keeping with DNB’s goal to match customer business initiatives with products designed to meet their needs, DNB offers a wide variety of fixed and variable rate loans that are priced competitively. DNB serves this market by providing funds for the purchase of business property or ventures, working capital lines, Small Business Administration loans, lease financing for equipment and for a variety of other purposes.

As a community bank, DNB also serves consumers by providing home equity and home mortgages, as well as term loans for the purchase of consumer goods. Residential mortgage and consumer loans increased $367,000 in 2017 compared to 2016, primarily in the residential mortgage portfolio. In addition to providing funds to customers, DNB also provides a variety of services to its commercial customers. These services, such as cash management, remote capture, commercial sweep accounts, internet banking, letters of credit and other lending services are designed to meet our customer needs and help them become successful. DNB provides these services to assist its customers in obtaining financing, securing business opportunities, providing access to new resources and managing cash flows.

Deposit Products and Services.  DNB’s primary source of funds is derived from customer deposits, which are typically generated by DNB’s fifteen banking offices. DNB’s deposit base, while highly concentrated in central Chester County, extends to southern Chester County and into parts of Delaware, Lancaster, and Philadelphia Counties. In addition, a growing amount of new deposits are being generated through expanded government service offerings and as a part of comprehensive loan or wealth management relationships. DNB also has access to wholesale brokered deposits which amounted to $41.8 million at December 31, 2017.

The majority of DNB’s deposit mix consists of low costing deposits, (demand, NOW and savings accounts). The remaining deposits are comprised of rate-sensitive money market and time products. DNB offers tiered savings and money market accounts, designed to attract high dollar, less volatile funds. Certificates of deposit and IRAs are traditionally offered with interest rates commensurate with their terms.

Non-Deposit Products and Services.  DNB offers non-deposit products and services under the names “DNB Investments & Insurance” and “DNB First Investment Management & Trust.” Revenues from these entities were $1.7 million and $1.6 million for 2017 and 2016, respectively.

DNB Investments & Insurance. Through a third party marketing agreement with Cetera Investment Services, LLC, DNB Investments & Insurance offers a complete line of investment and insurance products, which include the following:




Fixed & Variable Annuities

401(k) plans

401(k) Rollovers


Self-Directed and Managed IRAs


Mutual Funds

Full Services Brokerage/Cash Management

Long Term Care Insurance

529 College Savings Plans

Life Insurance

Separately Managed Investment Accounts (SMA)

Disability Insurance

Self Employed Pension (SEP)

DNB First Investment Management & Trust. DNB First Investment Management & Trust offers a full line of investment and fiduciary services, which includes the following:




Investment Management

Investment Advisory




Estate Settlement

Client Bill Paying

Custody Services

Financial Planning

Corporate Trustee / Trust Administration

Power of Attorney and Guardian of the Estate Capacities

IV.Material Challenges, Risks and Opportunities

A.  Interest Rate Risk Management.

Interest rate risk is the exposure to adverse changes in net interest income due to changes in interest rates. DNB considers interest rate risk a predominant risk in terms of its potential impact on earnings. Interest rate risk can occur for any one or more of the following reasons: (a) assets and liabilities may mature or re-price at different times; (b) short-term or long-term market rates may change by different amounts; or (c) the remaining maturity of various assets or liabilities may shorten or lengthen as interest rates change.

The principal objective of DNB’s interest rate risk management is to evaluate the interest rate risk included in certain on and off balance sheet accounts, determine the level of risk appropriate given DNB’s business strategy, operating environment, capital and liquidity requirements and performance objectives, and manage the risk consistent with approved guidelines. Through such management, DNB seeks to reduce the vulnerability of its operations to changes in interest rates. DNB’s Asset Liability Committee (the “ALCO”) is responsible for reviewing DNB’s asset/liability policies and interest rate risk position and making decisions involving asset liability considerations. The ALCO meets on a monthly basis and reports trends and DNB’s interest rate risk position to the Board of Directors on a quarterly basis. The extent of the movement of interest rates is an uncertainty that could have a negative impact on DNB’s earnings. (See additional discussion in Item 7a. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk of this Form 10-K.)

1.  Net Interest Margin

DNB’s net interest margin is the ratio of net interest income to average interest‑earning assets. Unlike the interest rate spread, which measures the difference between the rates on earning assets and interest paying liabilities, the net interest margin measures that spread plus the effect of net free funding sources. This is a more meaningful measure of profitability because a bank can have a narrow spread but a high level of equity and non-interest‑bearing deposits, resulting in a higher net interest margin. One of the most critical challenges DNB faced over the last several years was the impact of historically low interest rates and a narrower spread between short-term rates and long-term rates as noted in the following tables.






































Historical Rates


December 31
































Federal Funds Sold (“FFS”)



















5 Year US Treasury



















10 Year US Treasury
























































Historical Yield Spread


December 31













FFS to 5 year US Treasury



















FFS to 10 year US Treasury



















In general, financial institutions price their fixed rate loans off of 5 and 10 year treasuries and price their deposits off of shorter indices, like the Federal Funds Sold rate. As you can see in the table above, the spread between the Federal Funds Sold rate and the 5 year treasury has ranged from 0.68% to 1.64% during the last 6 years. The spread between the Federal Funds Sold rate and the 10 year treasury has ranged from 0.90% to 2.90% during the last 6 years. As a result of the compression between long and short term rates, many banks, including DNB, have seen their net interest margin fluctuate during the last 6 years.

The following table provides, for the periods indicated, information regarding: (i) DNB’s average balance sheet; (ii) the total dollar amounts of interest income from interest‑earning assets and the resulting average yields (tax-exempt yields have been adjusted to a tax equivalent basis using a 34% tax rate); (iii) the total dollar amounts of interest expense on interest‑bearing liabilities and the resulting average costs; (iv) net interest income; (v) net interest rate spread; and (vi) net interest margin. Average balances were calculated based on daily balances. Non-accrual loan balances are included in total loans. Loan fees and costs are included in interest on total loans.




Average Balances, Rates, and Interest Income and Expense















































Year Ended December 31























(Dollars in thousands)







































Interest-earning assets:
























Investment securities: