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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
☑    QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended January 31, 2018
or 
☐    TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-35624
INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
North Dakota
45-0311232
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
1400 31st Avenue SW, Suite 60, Post Office Box 1988, Minot, ND 58702-1988
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)
(701) 837-4738
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
N/A
(Former name, former address, and former fiscal year, if changed since last report.)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to the filing requirements for at least the past 90 days.
Yes ☑
No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes ☑
No ☐
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer ☑
Accelerated filer ☐
Non-accelerated filer ☐
Smaller Reporting Company ☐
Emerging growth company ☐
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes ☐
No ☑
The number of common shares of beneficial interest outstanding as of March 5, 2018, was 120,064,087.
 


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Page
 
 
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - THIRD QUARTER - FISCAL 2018
INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (unaudited)
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
January 31, 2018
 
April 30, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
Real estate investments
 
 
 
Property owned
$
1,568,725

 
$
1,358,529

Less accumulated depreciation
(304,149
)
 
(255,599
)
 
1,264,576

 
1,102,930

Unimproved land
15,123

 
18,455

Mortgage loans receivable
10,329

 

Total real estate investments
1,290,028

 
1,121,385

Assets held for sale and assets of discontinued operations

 
283,023

Cash and cash equivalents
22,666

 
28,819

Restricted cash
121,337

 
27,981

Other assets
21,664

 
13,306

TOTAL ASSETS
$
1,455,695

 
$
1,474,514

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS, AND EQUITY
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Liabilities held for sale and liabilities of discontinued operations
$

 
$
130,904

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
35,792

 
35,566

Revolving line of credit
67,000

 
57,050

Term loan, net of unamortized loan costs of $517 and $0, respectively
69,483

 

Mortgages payable, net of unamortized loan costs of $2,488 and $3,054, respectively
553,388

 
565,978

Construction debt

 
41,741

TOTAL LIABILITIES
$
725,663

 
$
831,239

COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (NOTE 6)

 

REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS – CONSOLIDATED REAL ESTATE ENTITIES
6,644

 
7,181

EQUITY
 
 
 
Series B Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest (Cumulative redeemable preferred shares, no par value, $25 per share liquidation preference, no shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2018 and 4,600 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2017, aggregate liquidation preference of $115,000)

 
111,357

Series C Preferred Shares of Beneficial Interest (Cumulative redeemable preferred shares, no par value, $25 per share liquidation preference, 4,118 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2018 and no shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2017, aggregate liquidation preference of $102,962)
99,456

 

Common Shares of Beneficial Interest (Unlimited authorization, no par value, 120,035 shares issued and outstanding at January 31, 2018 and 121,199 shares issued and outstanding at April 30, 2017)
910,173

 
916,121

Accumulated distributions in excess of net income
(364,684
)
 
(466,541
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
359

 

Total shareholders’ equity
645,304

 
560,937

Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership (14,168 units at January 31, 2018 and 15,617 units at April 30, 2017)
76,915

 
73,233

Noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
1,169

 
1,924

Total equity
$
723,388

 
$
636,094

TOTAL LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS, AND EQUITY
$
1,455,695

 
$
1,474,514

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (unaudited)
for the three and nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
January 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUE
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate rentals
$
42,858

 
$
39,390

 
$
125,431

 
$
116,386

Tenant reimbursement
396

 
838

 
1,949

 
2,321

TOTAL REVENUE
$
43,254

 
$
40,228

 
$
127,380

 
$
118,707

EXPENSES
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes
15,426

 
14,571

 
47,018

 
41,391

Real estate taxes
4,609

 
4,048

 
13,872

 
12,179

Depreciation and amortization
18,390

 
10,787

 
60,998

 
33,193

Impairment of real estate investments

 

 
256

 
54,153

General and administrative expenses
3,011

 
4,172

 
10,131

 
11,195

TOTAL EXPENSES
$
41,436

 
$
33,578

 
$
132,275

 
$
152,111

Operating income (loss)
1,818

 
6,650

 
(4,895
)
 
(33,404
)
Interest expense
(9,236
)
 
(8,832
)
 
(25,876
)
 
(26,033
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(285
)
 
(458
)
 
(818
)
 
(458
)
Interest income
408

 
272

 
628

 
354

Other income
25

 
155

 
288

 
331

Loss before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income from discontinued operations
(7,270
)
 
(2,213
)
 
(30,673
)
 
(59,210
)
Gain on sale of real estate and other investments
12,387

 
2,437

 
17,835

 
11,292

Income (loss) from continuing operations
5,117

 
224

 
(12,838
)
 
(47,918
)
Income from discontinued operations
146,811

 
24,965

 
164,626

 
44,803

NET INCOME (LOSS)
$
151,928

 
$
25,189

 
$
151,788

 
$
(3,115
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
(16,236
)
 
(2,525
)
 
(15,365
)
 
(403
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
413

 
446

 
1,239

 
16,585

Net income attributable to controlling interests
136,105

 
23,110

 
137,662

 
13,067

Dividends to preferred shareholders
(1,766
)
 
(2,503
)
 
(6,864
)
 
(8,260
)
Redemption of preferred shares
(8
)
 
(1,435
)
 
(3,657
)
 
(1,435
)
NET INCOME AVAILABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS
$
134,331

 
$
19,172

 
$
127,141

 
$
3,372

Earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations – basic and diluted
$
0.03

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.30
)
Earnings per common share from discontinued operations – basic and diluted
$
1.09

 
$
0.19

 
$
1.22

 
$
0.33

NET EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC & DILUTED
$
1.12

 
$
0.16

 
$
1.06

 
$
0.03

DIVIDENDS PER COMMON SHARE
$
0.07

 
$
0.13

 
$
0.21

 
$
0.39

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (unaudited)
for the three and nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017

 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
January 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income
$
151,928

 
$
25,189

 
$
151,788

 
$
(3,115
)
Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain from derivative instrument
287

 

 
287

 

Loss on derivative instrument reclassified into earnings
72

 

 
72

 

Total comprehensive income
$
152,287

 
$
25,189

 
$
152,147

 
$
(3,115
)
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
(16,273
)
 
(2,525
)
 
(15,402
)
 
(403
)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
413

 
446

 
1,239

 
16,585

Comprehensive income attributable to controlling interests
$
136,427

 
$
23,110

 
$
137,984

 
$
13,067




5

Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY (unaudited)
for the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017
 
 
 
 
PREFERRED
SHARES
NUMBER
OF
COMMON
SHARES
 
COMMON
SHARES
 
ACCUMULATED
DISTRIBUTIONS
IN EXCESS OF
NET INCOME
 
ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
 
NONREDEEMABLE
NONCONTROLLING
INTERESTS
 
TOTAL
EQUITY
Balance April 30, 2016
$
138,674

121,091

 
$
922,084

 
$
(442,000
)
 

 
$
99,504

 
$
718,262

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling interests and nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
13,067

 
 
 
(15,880
)
 
(2,813
)
Distributions – common shares and units
 
 
 
 
 
(47,387
)
 
 
 
(6,332
)
 
(53,719
)
Distributions – Series A preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(1,403
)
 
 
 
 
 
(1,403
)
Distributions – Series B preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(6,857
)
 
 
 
 
 
(6,857
)
Shares issued and share-based compensation
 

553

 
1,756

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,756

Redemption of units for common shares
 

251

 
548

 
 
 
 
 
(548
)
 

Preferred shares repurchased
(27,317
)
 
 
 
 
(1,435
)
 
 
 
 
 
(28,752
)
Contributions from nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,188

 
7,188

Distributions to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(159
)
 
(159
)
Acquisition of nonredeemable noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
(2,677
)
 
 
 
 
 
(2,261
)
 
(4,938
)
Conversion to equity of notes receivable from nonredeemable noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7,366
)
 
(7,366
)
Other
 
(6
)
 
24

 
 
 
 
 
(24
)
 

Balance January 31, 2017
$
111,357

121,889

 
$
921,735

 
$
(486,015
)
 
$

 
$
74,122

 
$
621,199

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance April 30, 2017
$
111,357

121,199

 
$
916,121

 
$
(466,541
)
 

 
$
75,157

 
$
636,094

Net income attributable to controlling interests and nonredeemable noncontrolling interests
 
 
 
 
 
137,662

 
 
 
14,663

 
152,325

Other comprehensive income - derivative instrument
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
359

 
 
 
359

Distributions – common shares and units
 
 
 
 
 
(25,284
)
 
 
 
(3,106
)
 
(28,390
)
Distributions – Series B preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(4,571
)
 
 
 
 
 
(4,571
)
Distributions – Series C preferred shares
 
 
 
 
 
(2,293
)
 
 
 
 
 
(2,293
)
Shares issued and share-based compensation
 

75

 
1,216

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,216

Series C preferred shares issued
99,456

 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
99,456

Redemption of units for cash
 

 

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
(8,577
)
 
(8,577
)
Shares repurchased
(111,357
)
(1,232
)
 
(7,135
)
 
(3,657
)
 
 
 
 

 
(122,149
)
Contributions from nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
239

 
239

Distributions to nonredeemable noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(46
)
 
(46
)
Conversion to equity of notes receivable from nonredeemable noncontrolling interests - consolidated real estate entities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(246
)
 
(246
)
Other
 

(7
)
 
(29
)
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
(29
)
Balance January 31, 2018
$
99,456

120,035

 
$
910,173

 
$
(364,684
)
 
$
359

 
$
78,084

 
$
723,388

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited)
for the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017
 
(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net income (loss)
$
151,788

 
$
(3,115
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization, including amortization of capitalized loan costs
61,967

 
34,711

Depreciation and amortization from discontinued operations, including amortization of capitalized loan costs
8,526

 
7,749

Gain on sale of real estate, land, other investments and discontinued operations
(181,477
)
 
(37,330
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
506

 
870

Share-based compensation expense
1,124

 
1,428

Impairment of real estate investments
256

 
54,153

Bad debt expense
552

 
234

Changes in other assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Other assets
1,931

 
(5,665
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
(3,189
)
 
2,664

Net cash provided by operating activities
$
41,984

 
$
55,699

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Proceeds from real estate deposits
38,029

 
1,370

Payments for real estate deposits
(131,139
)
 
(1,370
)
Increase in notes receivable
(10,191
)
 

Decrease in other investments

 
50

Decrease in lender holdbacks for improvements
1,619

 
1,688

Increase in lender holdbacks for improvements
(944
)
 
(646
)
Proceeds from sale of discontinued operations
426,131

 
112,932

Proceeds from sale of real estate and other investments
59,221

 
17,710

Insurance proceeds received
462

 
275

Payments for acquisitions of real estate assets
(244,878
)
 

Payments for development and re-development of real estate assets
(2,815
)
 
(16,082
)
Payments for improvements of real estate assets
(14,337
)
 
(33,509
)
Payments for improvements of real estate assets from discontinued operations
(1,046
)
 
(1,027
)
Net cash provided by investing activities
$
120,112

 
$
81,391

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Proceeds from mortgages payable

 
84,150

Principal payments on mortgages payable
(154,561
)
 
(242,912
)
Proceeds from revolving lines of credit
302,850

 
234,000

Principal payments on revolving lines of credit
(292,900
)
 
(94,500
)
Proceeds from term loan
69,462

 

Proceeds from construction debt
3,252

 
17,041

Principal payments on construction debt
(21,689
)
 
(49,080
)
Payment on financing liability
(7,900
)
 

Proceeds from noncontrolling partner – consolidated real estate entities

 
538

Payments for acquisition of noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities

 
(4,938
)
Repurchase of common shares
(7,135
)
 

Proceeds from issuance of Series C preferred shares, net of issue costs
99,467

 

Repurchase of preferred shares
(115,017
)
 
(28,752
)
Repurchase of partnership units
(8,577
)
 

Distributions paid to common shareholders
(25,292
)
 
(47,387
)
Distributions paid to preferred shareholders
(7,057
)
 
(8,458
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests – Unitholders of the Operating Partnership
(3,106
)
 
(6,332
)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests – consolidated real estate entities
(46
)
 
(159
)
Net cash used by financing activities
$
(168,249
)
 
$
(146,789
)
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(6,153
)
 
(9,699
)
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD
28,819

 
66,698

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
$
22,666

 
$
56,999

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (unaudited, continued)
for the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017
 
(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
SUPPLEMENTARY SCHEDULE OF NON-CASH INVESTING AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Operating partnership units converted to shares
$

 
$
548

Decrease to accounts payable included within real estate investments
(2,995
)
 
(543
)
Construction debt reclassified to mortgages payable
23,300

 
10,549

Increase in mortgage notes receivable
10,329

 

 
 
 
 
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOW INFORMATION
 

 
 

Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized of $0 and $298, respectively
$
27,313

 
$
26,504

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

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Table of Contents

INVESTORS REAL ESTATE TRUST AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
for the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017
NOTE 1 • ORGANIZATION 
Investors Real Estate Trust, collectively with our consolidated subsidiaries (“IRET,” “we,” “us,” or “our”), is a multifamily real estate investment trust (“REIT”) focused on the ownership, management, acquisition, redevelopment, and development of multifamily communities. As of January 31, 2018, we owned interests in 89 multifamily properties consisting of 13,786 apartment homes.
NOTE 2 • BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
We conduct a majority of our business activities through our consolidated operating partnership, IRET Properties, a North Dakota Limited Partnership (the “Operating Partnership”), as well as through a number of other consolidated subsidiary entities. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of all our subsidiaries in which we maintain a controlling interest, including the Operating Partnership. All intercompany balances and transactions are eliminated in consolidation. Our fiscal year ends April 30th.
The condensed consolidated financial statements also reflect the Operating Partnership's ownership of certain joint venture entities in which the Operating Partnership has a general partner or controlling interest. These entities are consolidated into our operations, with noncontrolling interests reflecting the noncontrolling partners’ share of ownership, income and expenses.
UNAUDITED INTERIM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Our interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Accordingly, certain disclosures accompanying annual consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP are omitted. The year-end balance sheet data was derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting solely of normal recurring adjustments necessary for the fair presentation of our financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the interim periods, have been included.
The current period’s results of operations are not necessarily indicative of results which ultimately may be achieved for the year. The interim condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017, as filed with the SEC on June 28, 2017.
USE OF ESTIMATES
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
TAX CUTS AND JOBS ACT OF 2017
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 was passed on December 22, 2017. This Act includes a number of changes to the corporate income tax system, including (1) a reduction in the statutory federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% for non-REIT “C” corporations, (2) changes to deductions for certain pass-through business income, and (3) potential limitations on interest expense, depreciation and the deductibility of executive compensation. As a REIT, we generally will not be subject to federal income tax on our taxable income at the corporate level and do not believe that any of the changes from the 2017 Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2007 will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
The following table provides a brief description of recent accounting standards updates (“ASUs”).

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Table of Contents

Standard
Description
Date of Adoption
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU 2014-09,  Revenue from Contracts with Customers
This ASU will eliminate the transaction- and industry-specific revenue recognition guidance under current GAAP and replace it with a principle based approach for determining revenue recognition. The standard outlines a five-step model whereby revenue is recognized as performance obligations within a contract are satisfied.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, as a result of a deferral of the effective date arising from the issuance of ASU 2015-14, Revenue from Contracts with Customers - Deferral of the Effective Date. Early adoption is permitted. We will adopt the new standard effective May 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective approach.
We are continuing to assess the impact of the new standard on our consolidated financial statements and internal accounting processes. The majority of our revenue is derived from rental income, which is scoped out from this standard and will be accounted for under ASC 840, Leases. Our other revenue streams, which are being evaluated under this ASU, include but are not limited to other income from residents determined not to be within the scope of ASC 840 and gains and losses from real estate dispositions. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2014-09 will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.  
ASU 2016-02, Leases
This ASU amends existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including by requiring lessees to recognize most leases on the balance sheet and making certain changes to lessor accounting.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2016-09,  Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting
This ASU amends several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, accrual of compensation cost, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. We adopted this guidance effective May 1, 2017.
Upon adoption of the standard, we elected to account for forfeitures when they occur instead of estimating the forfeitures. The new standard did not have a material effect on our financial position, results of operations or earnings per share.
ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments
This ASU addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing diversity in practice.  The cash flow issues include debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs and proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims.
This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted.
We are currently evaluating the impact the new standard may have on our consolidated financial statements.
ASU 2017-01, Clarifying the Definition of a Business
This ASU clarifies the definition of a business and provides further guidance for evaluating whether a transaction will be accounted for as an acquisition of an asset or a business. This new standard is required to be applied prospectively to transactions occurring after the date of adoption.
This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. We adopted this standard effective May 1, 2017.
We believe that most of our future acquisitions of operating properties will qualify as asset acquisitions and most future transaction costs associated with these acquisitions will be capitalized. Adoption of the standard did not have a material effect on our financial position or results of operations. During the nine months ended January 31, 2018, acquisition costs totaling $330,000 were capitalized and allocated to the assets acquired based on the relative fair market value of those underlying assets.

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Standard
Description
Date of Adoption
Effect on the Financial Statements or Other Significant Matters
ASU 2017-05, Other Income – Gains and Losses from the Derecognition of Nonfinancial Assets (Subtopic 610-20): Clarifying the Scope of Asset Derecognition Guidance and Accounting for Partial Sales of Nonfinancial Assets
This ASU clarifies the definition of an in-substance nonfinancial asset and changes the accounting for partial sales of nonfinancial assets to be more consistent with the accounting for a sale of a business pursuant to ASU 2017-01.  This ASU allows for either a retrospective or modified retrospective approach.
This ASU is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted.
This standard allows for either a retrospective or modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact this standard may have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures upon adoption.
ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities
This ASU clarifies hedge accounting requirements, improves disclosure of hedging arrangements, and better aligns risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships.
This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted. We adopted ASU 2017-12 on November 1, 2017.
Adoption of the new standard did not have a material effect on our financial position or results of operations. See Note 10 for additional information.
RECLASSIFICATIONS
Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current financial statement presentation.  On the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations, we reclassified other expenses into general and administrative expenses.
We report in discontinued operations the results of operations and the related gains or losses of properties that have either been disposed or classified as held for sale and for which the disposition represents a strategic shift that has or will have a major effect on our operations and financial results. As the result of discontinued operations, retroactive reclassifications that change prior period numbers have been made. We classified as discontinued operations 27 healthcare properties that were sold during the third quarter of fiscal year 2018. See Note 7 for additional information.
RESTRICTED CASH
As of January 31, 2018, restricted cash consisted of $116.8 million of net tax-deferred exchange proceeds remaining from the sale of our healthcare portfolio and $4.5 million of escrows held by lenders for real estate taxes, insurance, and capital additions.
IMPAIRMENT OF LONG-LIVED ASSETS
We periodically evaluate our long-lived assets, including investments in real estate, for impairment indicators. The impairment evaluation is performed on assets by property such that assets for a property form an asset group. The judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on factors such as operational performance, market conditions, expected holding period of each asset group, and legal and environmental concerns. If indicators exist, we compare the expected future undiscounted cash flows for the long-lived asset group against the carrying amount of that asset group. If the sum of the estimated undiscounted cash flows is less than the carrying amount of the asset group, an impairment loss is recorded for the difference between the estimated fair value and the carrying amount of the asset group. If our anticipated holding period for properties, the estimated fair value of properties, or other factors change based on market conditions or otherwise, our evaluation of impairment charges may be different and such differences could be material to our consolidated financial statements. The evaluation of anticipated cash flows is subjective and is based, in part, on assumptions regarding future occupancy, rental rates, and capital requirements that could differ materially from actual results. Reducing planned property holding periods may increase the likelihood of recording impairment losses.
During the nine months ended January 31, 2018, we recognized impairment charges of $256,000 on a parcel of land in Bismarck, ND. This property was written down to estimated fair value during the first quarter of fiscal year 2018 based on receipt of a market offer to purchase and our intent to dispose of the property. We disposed of the property during the second quarter of fiscal year 2018.

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During the nine months ended January 31, 2017, we recognized impairment charges of $40.9 million, $5.8 million, $4.7 million, and $2.8 million, respectively, on three multifamily properties and one parcel of unimproved land in Williston, ND, due to deterioration of the market. These properties were written down to estimated fair value based on an independent appraisal in the case of one property and management cash flow estimates and market data in the case of the remaining assets. The properties, impaired for $40.9 million, $4.7 million, and $2.8 million, are owned by joint venture entities in which, at the time of impairment, we had an approximately 71.5%, 60%, and 70% ownership interest, respectively, and which are consolidated in our financial statements.
CHANGE IN DEPRECIABLE LIVES OF REAL ESTATE ASSETS
We review the estimated useful lives of our real estate assets on an ongoing basis. Prior to our strategic shift to become a multifamily-focused REIT, which began in fiscal year 2016, we operated in five segments (office, retail, industrial, healthcare and multifamily). Accordingly, our estimated useful lives represented a blend of these segments.
During fiscal years 2016 and 2017, we disposed of the bulk of our office, retail, and industrial portfolios as well as a portion of our healthcare portfolio. In the first quarter of fiscal year 2018, we determined it was appropriate to review and adjust our estimated useful lives to be specific to our remaining asset portfolio. Effective May 1, 2017, we changed the estimated useful lives of our real estate assets to better reflect the estimated periods during which they will be of economic benefit.  Generally, the estimated lives of buildings and improvements that previously were 20-40 years have been decreased to 10-30 years, while those that were previously nine years were changed to 5-10 years. The effect of this change in estimate for the nine months ended January 31, 2018, was to increase depreciation expense by approximately $24.8 million, decrease net income by $24.8 million, and decrease earnings per share by $0.18. Of the expense increase, $9.0 million, or $0.07 per share, represented depreciation on assets that were fully depreciated under the new estimated useful lives in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018.
MORTGAGE LOANS RECEIVABLE AND NOTES RECEIVABLE
In August 2017, we sold 13 multifamily properties in exchange for cash and a note secured by a mortgage on the assets. The sale was recorded using the installment method, under which cash receipts are apportioned between cost recovered and the gain on sale. The $11.0 million note is presented net of $626,000 of deferred gain in mortgage loans receivable on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The note bears an interest rate of 5.5% and matures in August 2020. Monthly payments are interest-only, with the principal balance payable at maturity. During the three and nine months ended January 31, 2018, we received and recognized approximately $154,000 and 273,000, respectively, of interest income.
In July 2017, we originated a $16.2 million loan in a multifamily development located in New Hope, MN, a Minneapolis suburb. The investment will be funded in installments through the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018. As of January 31, 2018, we had funded $10.2 million, which appears in other assets on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The note bears an interest rate of 6%, matures in July 2023, and provides us an option to purchase the development prior to the loan maturity date.
VARIABLE INTEREST ENTITY
We have determined that our Operating Partnership and each of our less-than-wholly owned real estate partnerships are variable interest entities (“VIEs”), as the limited partners lack substantive kick-out rights and substantive participating rights. We are the primary beneficiary of the VIEs, and the partnerships are required to be consolidated on our balance sheet because we have a controlling financial interest in the VIEs and have both the power to direct the activities of the VIEs that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance as well as the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIEs that could potentially be significant to the VIEs. Because our Operating Partnership is a VIE, all of our assets and liabilities are held through a VIE.
NOTE 3 • EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of our common shares of beneficial interest (“Common Shares”) outstanding during the period. We have issued restricted stock units (“RSUs”) under our 2015 Incentive Plan, which could have a dilutive effect on our earnings per share upon exercise of the RSUs. Other than the issuance of RSUs, we have no outstanding options, warrants, convertible stock or other contractual obligations requiring issuance of additional shares that would result in dilution of earnings. Under the terms of the Operating Partnership’s Agreement of Limited Partnership, limited partners have the right to require the Operating Partnership to redeem their limited partnership units (“Units”) any time following the first anniversary of the date they acquired such Units (“Exchange Right”).  Upon the exercise of Exchange Rights, and in our sole discretion, we may issue Common Shares in exchange for Units on a one-for-one basis. The following table presents a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used to calculate basic and diluted earnings per share reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017:  

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(in thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
January 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
NUMERATOR
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations – controlling interests
$
5,115

 
$
1,051

 
$
(9,215
)
 
$
(26,487
)
Income from discontinued operations – controlling interests
130,990

 
22,059

 
146,877

 
39,554

Net income attributable to controlling interests
136,105

 
23,110

 
137,662

 
13,067

Dividends to preferred shareholders
(1,766
)
 
(2,503
)
 
(6,864
)
 
(8,260
)
Redemption of preferred shares
(8
)
 
(1,435
)
 
(3,657
)
 
(1,435
)
Numerator for basic earnings per share – net income available to common shareholders
134,331

 
19,172

 
127,141

 
3,372

Noncontrolling interests – Operating Partnership
16,236

 
2,525

 
15,365

 
403

Numerator for diluted earnings per share
$
150,567

 
$
21,697

 
$
142,506

 
$
3,775

DENOMINATOR
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Denominator for basic earnings per share weighted average shares
119,741

 
121,255

 
120,102

 
121,175

Effect of redeemable operating partnership units
14,434

 
16,120

 
14,768

 
16,229

Denominator for diluted earnings per share
134,175

 
137,375

 
134,870

 
137,404

Earnings (loss) per common share from continuing operations – basic and diluted
$
0.03

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.16
)
 
$
(0.30
)
Earnings per common share from discontinued operations – basic and diluted
1.09

 
0.19

 
1.22

 
0.33

NET EARNINGS (LOSS) PER COMMON SHARE – BASIC & DILUTED
$
1.12

 
$
0.16

 
$
1.06

 
$
0.03

NOTE 4 • EQUITY 
Operating Partnership Units. Outstanding Units in the Operating Partnership were 14.2 million Units at January 31, 2018 and 15.6 million Units at April 30, 2017.
Common Shares and Equity Awards. Common Shares outstanding on January 31, 2018 and April 30, 2017, totaled 120.0 million and 121.2 million, respectively. There were no shares issued under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan during the three months ended January 31, 2018. During the nine months ended January 31, 2018, we issued 75,000 restricted Common Shares, with a total grant-date value of $445,000. During fiscal year 2017, there were no shares issued during the three months ended January 31, 2017. During the nine months ended January 31, 2017, we issued 499,000 restricted Common Shares, with a total grant-date value of $1.9 million. These shares are issued under our 2015 Incentive Award Plan for executive officer and trustee share-based compensation. These shares vest based on performance and service criteria.
Exchange Rights. Pursuant to the exercise of Exchange Rights, during the three months ended January 31, 2018, we redeemed 450,000 Units for an aggregate cost of $2.6 million, at an average price per Unit of $5.77.  During the nine months ended January 31, 2018, we redeemed 1.4 million Units for an aggregate cost of $8.6 million, at an average price per Unit of $5.92.  There were no Units redeemed during the three or nine months ended January 31, 2017.     
Share Repurchase Program. On December 7, 2016, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program to repurchase up to $50 million of our Common Shares over a one-year period. On December 5, 2017, our Board of Trustees reauthorized this share repurchase program for an additional one-year period.  Under this program, we may repurchase Common Shares in open-market purchases, including pursuant to Rule 10b5-1 plans, as determined by management and in accordance with SEC requirements. The extent to which we repurchase our shares, and the timing of repurchases, will depend on a variety of factors, including market conditions, regulatory requirements, and other corporate considerations, as determined by our executive management. This program may be suspended or discontinued at any time.  During the third quarter of fiscal year 2018, we repurchased and retired 152,000 common shares for an aggregate cost of $882,000, including commissions, at an average price per share of $5.82.  During the nine months ended January 31, 2018, we repurchased and retired 1.2 million common shares for an aggregate cost of $7.1 million, including commissions, at an average price per share of $5.79. As of January 31, 2018, $38.4 million remained available under the $50 million authorized share repurchase program.

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Issuance of Series C Preferred Shares and Redemption of Series B Preferred Shares. In the quarter ended October 31, 2017, we issued 4,118,460 shares of our 6.625% Series C Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares and redeemed all 4,600,000 shares of our 7.95% Series B Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Shares.
NOTE 5 • SEGMENT REPORTING 
We operate in a single reportable segment which includes the ownership, management, development, redevelopment, and acquisition of multifamily properties. Each of our operating properties is considered a separate operating segment because each property earns revenues, incurs expenses, and has discrete financial information. Our chief operating decision-makers evaluate each property's operating results to make decisions about resources to be allocated and to assess performance. We do not group our operations based on geography, size, or type. Our multifamily properties have similar long-term economic characteristics and provide similar products and services to our tenants. No multifamily property comprises more than 10% of consolidated revenues, profit, or assets. Accordingly, our multifamily properties are aggregated into a single reportable segment.
Prior to the third quarter of fiscal year 2018, we reported our results in two reportable segments: multifamily and healthcare. We sold substantially all of our healthcare portfolio during the third quarter of fiscal year 2018 and classified it as discontinued operations (see Note 7 for additional information). Healthcare no longer meets the quantitative thresholds for reporting as a separate reportable segment and is included in “all other” with other non-multifamily properties.
Our executive management team comprises our chief operating decision-makers. This team measures the performance of our reportable segment based on net operating income (“NOI”), which we define as total real estate revenues less direct real estate expenses (including real estate taxes). We believe that NOI is an important supplemental measure of operating performance for a REIT’s operating real estate because it provides a measure of operations that is unaffected by depreciation, amortization, financing, and general and administrative expenses. NOI does not represent cash generated by operating activities in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should not be considered an alternative to net income, net income available for common shareholders, or cash flow from operating activities as a measure of financial performance.
The revenues and NOI for the multifamily reportable segment are summarized as follows for the three- and nine-month periods ended January 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, along with reconciliations to the condensed consolidated financial statements. Segment assets are also reconciled to total assets as reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
(in thousands)
Three Months Ended January 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Amounts Not
Allocated To
Segments
(1)
 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
41,279

 
$
1,975

 

 
$
43,254

Real estate expenses
18,231

 
549

 
$
1,255

 
20,035

Net operating income (loss)
$
23,048

 
$
1,426

 
$
(1,255
)
 
$
23,219

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
(18,390
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,011
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(9,236
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
 
 
(285
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
 
 
433

Loss before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(7,270
)
Gain on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,387

Income from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,117

Income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
146,811

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
151,928

(1)
Consists of off-site costs for property management and casualty-related amounts, which are excluded in our assessment of segment performance.

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(in thousands)
Three Months Ended January 31, 2017
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Amounts Not
Allocated To
Segments
(1)
 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
36,171

 
$
4,057

 

 
$
40,228

Real estate expenses
16,336

 
1,000

 
$
1,283

 
18,619

Net operating income (loss)
$
19,835

 
$
3,057

 
$
(1,283
)
 
$
21,609

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
(10,787
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4,172
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(8,832
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
 
 
(458
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
 
 
427

Loss before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(2,213
)
Gain on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
2,437

Income from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
224

Income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
24,965

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
25,189

(1)
Consists of off-site costs for property management and casualty-related amounts, which are excluded in our assessment of segment performance.
 
(in thousands)
Nine Months Ended January 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Amounts Not
Allocated To
Segments
(1)
 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
119,444

 
$
7,936

 

 
$
127,380

Real estate expenses
54,584

 
2,102

 
$
4,204

 
60,890

Net operating income (loss)
$
64,860

 
$
5,834

 
$
(4,204
)
 
$
66,490

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
(60,998
)
Impairment of real estate investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
(256
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
(10,131
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(25,876
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
 
 
(818
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
 
 
916

Loss before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(30,673
)
Gain on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
17,835

Loss from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(12,838
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
164,626

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
151,788

(1)
Consists of off-site costs for property management and casualty-related amounts, which are excluded in our assessment of segment performance.

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(in thousands)
Nine Months Ended January 31, 2017
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Amounts Not
Allocated To
Segments
(1)
 
Total

Real estate revenue
$
107,400

 
$
11,307

 

 
$
118,707

Real estate expenses
46,781

 
2,787

 
$
4,002

 
53,570

Net operating income (loss)
$
60,619

 
$
8,520

 
$
(4,002
)
 
$
65,137

Depreciation and amortization
 
 
 
 
 
 
(33,193
)
Impairment of real estate investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
(54,153
)
General and administrative expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
(11,195
)
Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
(26,033
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
 
 
 
 
 
 
(458
)
Interest and other income
 
 
 
 
 
 
685

Loss before gain on sale of real estate and other investments and income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(59,210
)
Gain on sale of real estate and other investments
 
 
 
 
 
 
11,292

Loss from continuing operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
(47,918
)
Income from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
44,803

Net loss
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(3,115
)
(1)
Consists of off-site costs for property management and casualty-related amounts, which are excluded in our assessment of segment performance.
Segment Assets and Accumulated Depreciation
Segment assets are summarized as follows as of January 31, 2018, and April 30, 2017, respectively, along with reconciliations to the condensed consolidated financial statements:
 
(in thousands)
As of January 31, 2018
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Segment assets
 

 
 

 
 

Property owned
$
1,495,944

 
$
72,781

 
$
1,568,725

Less accumulated depreciation
(285,460
)
 
(18,689
)
 
(304,149
)
Total property owned
$
1,210,484

 
$
54,092

 
$
1,264,576

Mortgage loans receivable
 
 
 
 
10,329

Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
22,666

Restricted cash
 
 
 
 
121,337

Other assets
 
 
 
 
21,664

Unimproved land
 
 
 
 
15,123

Total Assets
 
 
 
 
$
1,455,695

 
(in thousands)
As of April 30, 2017
Multifamily

 
All Other

 
Total

Segment assets
 

 
 

 
 

Property owned
$
1,260,541

 
$
97,988

 
$
1,358,529

Less accumulated depreciation
(232,592
)
 
(23,007
)
 
(255,599
)
Total property owned
$
1,027,949

 
$
74,981

 
$
1,102,930

Assets held for sale and assets from discontinued operations
 
 
 
 
283,023

Cash and cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
28,819

Restricted cash
 
 
 
 
27,981

Other assets
 
 
 
 
13,306

Unimproved land
 
 
 
 
18,455

Total Assets
 
 
 
 
$
1,474,514


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NOTE 6 • COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Litigation.  We are subject to a variety of legal actions for personal injury or property damage arising in the ordinary course of our business, most of which are covered by liability insurance. Various claims of resident discrimination are also periodically brought, most of which are covered by insurance. While resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes that the final outcome of these claims and  legal proceedings will not have a material effect on our liquidity, financial position, cash flows, or results of operations.
Environmental Matters.  Under various federal, state, and local laws, ordinances, and regulations, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be liable for the costs of removal of, or remediation of, certain hazardous or toxic substances in, on, around, or under the property. While we currently have no knowledge of any material violation of environmental laws, ordinances, or regulations at any of our properties, there can be no assurance that areas of contamination will not be identified at any of our properties or that changes in environmental laws, regulations, or cleanup requirements would not result in material costs to us.
Restrictions on Taxable Dispositions.  Twenty-six of our properties, consisting of 4,212 apartment units, are subject to restrictions on our ability to resell in taxable transactions. These restrictions are contained in agreements we entered into with some of the sellers or contributors of the properties and are effective for varying periods. The real estate investment amount of these properties (net of accumulated depreciation) was $458.4 million at January 31, 2018.  We do not believe that these restrictions materially affect the conduct of our business or our decision as to whether to dispose of these properties during the restriction periods.
If we decide to sell one or more of these properties and are unable to structure sales of such properties as tax deferred transactions under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code, we may be required to provide tax indemnification payments to the parties to these agreements.
Tax-Deferred Proceeds. As of January 31, 2018, we had $116.8 million of tax-deferred exchange proceeds remaining from the sale of our healthcare portfolio included within restricted cash on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Replacement property must be acquired by June 27, 2018 in order to complete the exchange.
Notes Receivable.  In July 2017, we originated a $16.2 million loan in a multifamily development located in New Hope, MN, a suburb of Minneapolis. The investment will be funded in installments through the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018. As of January 31, 2018, $6.0 million remained to be funded. See Note 2 for additional information.
NOTE 7 • DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
We report in discontinued operations the results of operations and the related gains or losses on the sales of properties that have either been disposed of or classified as held for sale and meet the classification of a discontinued operation as described in ASC 205 -- Presentation of Financial Statements and ASC 360 -- Property, Plant, and Equipment: Reporting Discontinued Operations and Disclosures of Disposals of Components of an Entity. Under this standard, a disposal (or classification as held for sale) of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported in discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results.
We determined that our strategic decision to exit our healthcare segment met the criteria for discontinued operations, and we consequently classified 27 healthcare properties sold during the three months ended January 31, 2018, as discontinued operations. We classified no new dispositions or properties held for sale as discontinued operations during fiscal year 2017. During fiscal year 2016, we determined that our strategic decision to exit senior housing met the criteria for discontinued operations, and we consequently classified 34 senior housing properties as held for sale and discontinued operations at April 30, 2016. Thirty-two of those senior housing properties were sold during the fiscal year ended April 30, 2017, and the remaining two senior housing properties were sold during the three months ended October 31, 2017.

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The following information shows the effect on net income and the gains or losses from the sales of properties classified as discontinued operations for the three and nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively:
 
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
January 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
January 31,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
REVENUE
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Real estate rentals
$
4,495

 
$
12,211

 
$
19,744

 
$
36,061

Tenant reimbursement
2,739

 
4,058

 
11,493

 
12,177

TRS senior housing revenue

 
813

 

 
2,602

TOTAL REVENUE
$
7,234

 
$
17,082

 
$
31,237

 
$
50,840

EXPENSES
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Property operating expenses, excluding real estate taxes
1,860

 
2,463

 
6,645

 
7,514

Real estate taxes
1,284

 
1,711

 
5,191

 
4,916

Depreciation and amortization
1,432

 
2,688

 
8,445

 
8,096

TRS senior housing expenses

 
840

 

 
2,393

Other expenses
(2
)
 

 
13

 

TOTAL EXPENSES
$
4,574

 
$
7,702

 
$
20,294

 
$
22,919

Operating income
2,660

 
9,380

 
10,943

 
27,921

Interest expense
(751
)
 
(3,048
)
 
(4,172
)
 
(9,606
)
Loss on extinguishment of debt
(6,502
)
 
(1,449
)
 
(6,508
)
 
(1,521
)
Interest income

 
544

 
661

 
1,634

Other income

 
3

 
60

 
337

(Loss) income from discontinued operations before gain on sale
(4,593
)
 
5,430

 
984

 
18,765

Gain on sale of discontinued operations
151,404

 
19,535

 
163,642

 
26,038

INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
$
146,811

 
$
24,965

 
$
164,626

 
$
44,803

The following information reconciles the carrying amounts of major classes of assets and liabilities of the discontinued operations to assets and liabilities held for sale that are presented separately on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets:
 
 
(in thousands)
 
 
April 30, 2017
Carrying amounts of major classes of assets included as part of discontinued operations
 
 

Property owned and intangible assets, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
$
255,466

Other assets
 
13,478

Total major classes of assets of the discontinued operations
 
268,944

Other assets included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
 
14,079

Total assets of the disposal group classified as held for sale on the balance sheet
 
$
283,023

Carrying amounts of major classes of liabilities included as part of discontinued operations
 
 

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
4,835

Mortgages payable
 
112,208

Other
 
7,977

Total major classes of liabilities of the discontinued operations
 
125,020

Other liabilities included in the disposal group classified as held for sale
 
5,884

Total liabilities of the disposal group classified as held for sale on the balance sheet
 
$
130,904


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NOTE 8 • ACQUISITIONS, DEVELOPMENTS PLACED IN SERVICE, AND DISPOSITIONS
PROPERTY ACQUISITIONS
We added $90.6 million of new real estate property to our portfolio through property acquisitions during the three months ended January 31, 2018, compared to $0 in the three months ended January 31, 2017. Our acquisitions during the nine months ended January 31, 2018 qualified as asset acquisitions under ASU 2017-01, Clarifying the Definition of a Business, and are detailed below.
Nine Months Ended January 31, 2018
 
Date
Acquired
 
(in thousands)
 
 
Total
Acquisition
Cost

 
Form of
Consideration
 
Investment Allocation
Acquisitions
 
 
Cash

 
Land

 
Building

 
Intangible
Assets

Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
191 unit - Oxbo - St. Paul, MN(1)
May 26, 2017
 
$
61,500

 
$
61,500

 
$
5,809

 
$
54,910

 
$
781

500 unit - Park Place - Plymouth, MN
September 13, 2017
 
92,250

 
92,250

 
10,609

 
80,711

 
930

274 unit - Dylan - Denver, CO
November 28, 2017
 
90,600

 
90,600

 
12,155

 
77,249

 
1,196

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Acquisitions
 
 
$
244,350

 
$
244,350

 
$
28,573

 
$
212,870

 
$
2,907

(1)
Property includes 11,477 square feet of retail space.
DEVELOPMENT PROJECT PLACED IN SERVICE
The Operating Partnership placed $0 and $72.4 million of development projects in service during the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, as detailed below.
Nine Months Ended January 31, 2017
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Development Projects Placed in Service
Date Placed
in Service
 
Land
 
Building
 
Development
Cost
Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
241 unit - 71 France - Edina, MN(1)
May 1, 2016
 
$
4,721

 
$
67,642

 
$
72,363

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Development Projects Placed in Service
 
 
$
4,721

 
$
67,642

 
$
72,363

(1)
Costs paid in fiscal years 2015 and 2016 totaled $70.9 million. Additional costs incurred in fiscal year 2017 totaled $1.5 million, for a total project cost at January 31, 2017 of $72.4 million. The project is owned by a joint venture entity in which we currently have an approximately 52.6% interest. The joint venture is consolidated in our financial statements.
PROPERTY DISPOSITIONS
During the three months ended January 31, 2018, we sold two multifamily properties and 27 healthcare and two other commercial properties for a total sale price of $442.8 million. During the three months ended January 31, 2017, we sold six commercial properties for a total sale price of $73.9 million. The following table details our dispositions for the nine months ended January 31, 2018 and 2017:

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Nine Months Ended January 31, 2018
 
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Dispositions
Date
Disposed
 
Sale Price
 
Book Value
and Sale Cost
 
Gain/(Loss)
 
Multifamily
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
327 unit - 13 Multifamily properties - Minot, ND(1)
August 22, 2017
 
$
12,263

 
$
11,562

 
$
701

(2) 
48 unit - Crown - Rochester, MN
December 1, 2017
 
5,700

 
3,318

 
$
2,382

 
16 unit - Northern Valley - Rochester, MN
December 1, 2017
 
950

 
690

 
260

 
 
 
 
$
18,913

 
$
15,570

 
$
3,343

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,998 sq ft Minot Southgate Wells Fargo Bank - Minot, ND
May 15, 2017
 
3,440

 
3,332

 
108

 
90,260 sq ft Lexington Commerce Center - Eagan, MN
August 22, 2017
 
9,000

 
3,963

 
5,037

 
17,640 sq ft 1440 Duckwood Medical - Eagan, MN
August 24, 2017
 
2,100

 
1,886

 
214

 
279,834 sq ft Edgewood Vista Hermantown I & II - Hermantown, MN
October 19, 2017
 
36,884

 
24,631

 
12,253

 
518,161 sq ft Urbandale - Urbandale, IA
November 22, 2017
 
16,700

 
12,857

 
3,843

 
36,053 sq ft 3075 Long Lake Road - Roseville, MN
November 28, 2017
 
18,650

 
12,766

 
5,884

 
1,205,432 sq ft 25 Healthcare properties(3)(4)
December 29, 2017
 
370,267

 
232,768

 
137,499

 
43,404 sq ft Garden View - St. Paul, MN
January 19, 2018
 
14,000

 
6,191

 
7,809

 
52,116 sq ft Ritchie Medical - St. Paul, MN
January 19, 2018
 
16,500

 
10,419

 
6,081

 
 
 
 
$
487,541

 
$
308,813

 
$
178,728

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unimproved Land
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Bismarck 4916 Unimproved Land - Bismarck, ND
August 8, 2017
 
$
3,175

 
$
3,188

 
$
(13
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Dispositions
 
 
$
509,629

 
$
327,571

 
$
182,058

 
(1)
These properties include: 4th Street 4 Plex, 11th Street 3 Plex, Apartments on Main, Brooklyn Heights, Colton Heights, Fairmont, First Avenue (Apartments and Office), Pines, Southview, Summit Park, Temple (includes 17 South Main Retail), Terrace Heights and Westridge.
(2)
$626,000 of the gain on sale was deferred. See Note 2 for additional information on the related mortgage note receivable.
(3)
These properties include: 2800 Medical, 2828 Chicago Avenue, Airport Medical, Billings 2300 Grand Road, Burnsville 303 Nicollet Medical, Burnsville 305 Nicollet Medical, Duluth Denfeld Clinic, Edina 6363 France Medical, Edina 6405 France Medical, Edina 6517 Drew Avenue, Edina 6525 France SMC II, Edina 6545 France SMC I, Gateway Clinic, High Pointe Health Campus, Lakeside Medical Plaza, Mariner Clinic, Minneapolis 701 25th Avenue Medical, Missoula 3050 Great Northern, Park Dental, Pavilion I, Pavilion II, PrairieCare Medical, St Michael Clinic, Trinity at Plaza 16 and Wells Clinic.
(4)
Sale price includes $2.6 million that was deposited into escrow pending the resolution of certain post-closing items. As of January 31, 2018, these items had not yet been resolved.

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Table of Contents

Nine Months Ended January 31, 2017
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Dispositions
Date
Disposed
 
Sale Price
 
Book Value
and Sale Cost
 
Gain/(Loss)
Other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
195,075 sq ft Stone Container - Fargo, ND
July 25, 2016
 
$
13,400

 
$
4,418

 
$
8,982

189,244 sq ft 8 Idaho Spring Creek Senior Housing Properties(1)
October 31, 2016
 
43,900

 
37,397

 
6,503

28,528 sq ft Grand Forks Carmike - Grand Forks, ND
December 29, 2016
 
4,000

 
1,563

 
2,437

426,652 sq ft 5 Edgewood Vista Senior Housing Properties(2)
January 18, 2017
 
69,928

 
50,393

 
19,535

 
 
 
$
131,228

 
$
93,771

 
$
37,457

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unimproved Land
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Georgetown Square Unimproved - Grand Chute, WI
May 6, 2016
 
$
250

 
$
274

 
$
(24
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Property Dispositions
 
 
$
131,478

 
$
94,045

 
$
37,433

(1)
These properties include: Spring Creek American Falls, Spring Creek Boise, Spring Creek Eagle, Spring Creek Fruitland, Spring Creek Fruitland Unimproved, Spring Creek Meridian, Spring Creek Overland, Spring Creek Soda Springs and Spring Creek Ustick.
(2)
These properties include: Edgewood Vista Bismarck, Edgewood Vista Brainerd, Edgewood Vista East Grand Forks, Edgewood Vista Fargo and Edgewood Vista Spearfish.
NOTE 9 • DEBT
As of January 31, 2018, we owned 99 properties, of which 65 multifamily and other properties (with a carrying amount of $730.1 million) served as collateral for mortgage loans and 34 multifamily and other properties were unencumbered by mortgages. Of the 65 properties that served as collateral for mortgage loans, the majority of these mortgages payable were non-recourse to us other than for standard carve-out obligations. As of January 31, 2018, we believe that there are no material defaults or compliance issues with respect to any mortgages payable.
The aggregate amount of required future principal payments on mortgages payable as of January 31, 2018, is as follows:
 
(in thousands)
Year Ended April 30,
Mortgage Loans
2018
$
2,718

2019
31,065

2020
146,792

2021
92,308

2022
72,799

Thereafter
210,193

Total payments
$
555,875

As noted above, as of January 31, 2018, we owned 34 multifamily and other properties that were not encumbered by mortgages, with 25 of those properties providing credit support for our unsecured borrowings. Our primary unsecured credit facility is a revolving, multi-bank line of credit, with the Bank of Montreal serving as administrative agent. Our line of credit has total commitments of $300.0 million, with borrowing capacity based on the value of properties contained in the unencumbered asset pool ("UAP"). Due to the recent disposition of our healthcare properties, the UAP currently provides for a borrowing capacity of $219.2 million, providing additional borrowing availability of $152.1 million beyond the $67.0 million drawn as of January 31, 2018. This credit facility matures on January 31, 2021, with one twelve-month option to extend the maturity date at our election.
During the three months ended January 31, 2018, we entered into a $70.0 million unsecured term loan, which matures on January 31, 2023. We have the option to further increase the credit capacity to $500 million (from current aggregate commitments totaling $370 million) by either adding additional banks to the facility or obtaining agreements from the existing banks to increase their commitments.

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The interest rates on the line of credit and term loan are based on the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") plus a margin that ranges from 160-225 basis points based on our consolidated leverage. Our line of credit and term loan are subject to customary financial covenants and limitations. We believe that we are in compliance with all such financial covenants and limitations as of January 31, 2018.
Our remaining construction debt was paid off during the three months ended January 31, 2018. Construction debt at April 30, 2017, was $41.7 million, with a weighted average rate of interest of 3.27%.
The following table summarizes our indebtedness at January 31, 2018:
 
(in thousands)
 
 
January 31, 2018
April 30, 2017
Weighted Average Maturity in Years
Unsecured line of credit
$
67,000

$
57,050

3.0
Term loan
70,000


4.0
Unsecured debt
137,000

57,050

 
Mortgages payable - fixed(1)
494,874

629,535

6.3
Mortgages payable - variable(1)
61,000