Toggle SGML Header (+)


Section 1: 10-Q (Q1 2018 10-Q)

Document

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Form 10-Q
[ X ]  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended January 28, 2018
or
[     ]  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ___________________________________ to ________________________________________
Commission File Number: 1-2402
HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
41-0319970
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
1 Hormel Place
Austin, Minnesota
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
55912-3680
(Zip Code)
(507) 437-5611
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                                                    X   YES                         NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).                                X   YES                         NO
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,”  “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer    X  
 
Accelerated filer    
Non-accelerated filer          
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company    
 
 
Emerging growth company    
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.        
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).        Yes  X  No
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding at March 4, 2018
 
Common Stock
 
$.01465 par value      529,534,149
 
Common Stock Non-Voting
 
$.01 par value                       -0-
 



Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION – January 28, 2018 and October 29, 2017
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS – Three Months Ended January 28, 2018 and January 27, 2017
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME – Three Months Ended January 28, 2018 and January 29, 2017
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS – Three Months Ended January 28, 2018 and January 29, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2

Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
 
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 

ASSETS
 

 
 

CURRENT ASSETS
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
385,775

 
$
444,122

Accounts receivable
569,099

 
618,351

Inventories
973,221

 
921,022

Income taxes receivable
176

 
22,346

Prepaid expenses
15,581

 
16,144

Other current assets
4,417

 
4,538

TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
1,948,269

 
2,026,523

 
 
 
 
GOODWILL
2,957,463

 
2,119,813

 
 
 
 
OTHER INTANGIBLES
1,023,322

 
1,027,014

 
 
 
 
PENSION ASSETS
178,010

 
171,990

 
 
 
 
INVESTMENTS IN AND RECEIVABLES FROM AFFILIATES
262,147

 
242,369

 
 
 
 
OTHER ASSETS
196,571

 
184,948

 
 
 
 
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
 
 
 
Land
51,481

 
51,249

Buildings
890,026

 
866,855

Equipment
1,776,526

 
1,710,537

Construction in progress
174,733

 
148,064

Less: Allowance for depreciation
(1,599,700
)
 
(1,573,454
)
Net property, plant and equipment
1,293,066

 
1,203,251

 
 
 
 
TOTAL ASSETS
$
7,858,848

 
$
6,975,908

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
 
 
 
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
 

 
 

CURRENT LIABILITIES
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
532,847

 
$
552,714

Short-term debt
255,000

 

Accrued expenses
72,098

 
76,966

Accrued workers compensation
29,754

 
26,585

Accrued marketing expenses
127,684

 
101,573

Employee related expenses
157,667

 
209,562

Taxes payable
46,235

 
525

Interest and dividends payable
102,229

 
90,287

TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
1,323,514

 
1,058,212

 
 
 
 
LONG-TERM DEBT–less current maturities
624,726

 
250,000

 
 
 
 
PENSION AND POST-RETIREMENT BENEFITS
532,652

 
530,249

 
 
 
 
OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
107,894

 
99,340

 
 
 
 
DEFERRED INCOME TAXES
114,688

 
98,410

 
 
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $.01 a share–
 
 
 
authorized 160,000,000 shares; issued–none


 


Common stock, non-voting, par value $.01
 
 
 
a share–authorized 400,000,000 shares; issued–none


 


Common stock, par value $.01465 a share–
7,764

 
7,741

authorized 1,600,000,000 shares;
 
 
 
issued 529,988,220 shares January 28, 2018
 
 
 
issued 528,423,605 shares October 29, 2017
 
 
 
Additional paid-in capital
19,242

 
13,670

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(242,176
)
 
(248,075
)
Retained earnings
5,366,501

 
5,162,571

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
5,151,331

 
4,935,907

NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
4,043

 
3,790

TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
5,155,374

 
4,939,697

 
 
 
 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
$
7,858,848

 
$
6,975,908

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

4

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
Net sales
$
2,331,293

 
$
2,280,227

Cost of products sold
1,829,114

 
1,727,947

GROSS PROFIT
502,179

 
552,280

 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative
219,122

 
210,217

Equity in earnings of affiliates
23,531

 
13,299

 
 
 
 
OPERATING INCOME
306,588

 
355,362

 
 
 
 
Other income and expense:
 
 
 
Interest and investment income
3,306

 
2,449

Interest expense
(4,729
)
 
(3,026
)
 
 
 
 
EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
305,165

 
354,785

 
 
 
 
Provision for income taxes
1,954

 
119,482

 
 
 
 
NET EARNINGS
303,211

 
235,303

Less: Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest
104

 
156

NET EARNINGS ATTRIBUTABLE TO HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
$
303,107

 
$
235,147

 
 
 
 
NET EARNINGS PER SHARE:
 
 
 
BASIC
$
0.57

 
$
0.44

DILUTED
$
0.56

 
$
0.44

 
 
 
 
WEIGHTED-AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
 
 
 
BASIC
529,453

 
528,585

DILUTED
543,482

 
540,064

 
 
 
 
DIVIDENDS DECLARED PER SHARE:
$
0.1875

 
$
0.1700

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


5

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
NET EARNINGS
$
303,211

 
$
235,303

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation
4,212

 
(8,087
)
Pension and other benefits
2,486

 
3,333

Deferred hedging
(650
)
 
(1,323
)
TOTAL OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
6,048

 
(6,077
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
309,259

 
229,226

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
253

 
(84
)
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
$
309,006

 
$
229,310

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


6

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ INVESTMENT
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hormel Foods Corporation Shareholders
 
 
 
 
 
Common
Stock
 
Treasury
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
 
Non-
controlling
Interest
 
Total
Shareholders’
Investment
Balance at October 30, 2016
$
7,742

 
$

 
$

 
$
4,736,567

 
$
(296,303
)
 
$
3,400

 
$
4,451,406

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
846,735

 
 
 
368

 
847,103

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
48,228

 
22

 
48,250

Purchases of common stock
 
 
(94,487
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(94,487
)
Stock-based compensation expense
1

 
 
 
15,590

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15,591

Exercise of stock options/nonvested shares
38

 
 
 
30,827

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30,865

Shares retired
(40
)
 
94,487

 
(32,747
)
 
(61,700
)
 
 
 
 
 

Declared cash dividends – $0.68 per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
(359,031
)
 
 
 
 
 
(359,031
)
Balance at October 29, 2017
$
7,741

 
$

 
$
13,670

 
$
5,162,571

 
$
(248,075
)
 
$
3,790

 
$
4,939,697

Net earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
303,107

 
 
 
104

 
303,211

Other comprehensive income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5,899

 
149

 
6,048

Purchases of common stock
 
 
(25,199
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(25,199
)
Stock-based compensation expense


 
 
 
7,339

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7,339

Exercise of stock options/nonvested shares
34

 
 
 
23,421

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23,455

Shares retired
(11
)
 
25,199

 
(25,188
)
 


 
 
 
 
 

Declared cash dividends – $0.1875 per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
(99,177
)
 
 
 
 
 
(99,177
)
Balance at January 28, 2018
$
7,764

 
$

 
$
19,242

 
$
5,366,501

 
$
(242,176
)
 
$
4,043

 
$
5,155,374

 
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


7

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net earnings
$
303,211

 
$
235,303

Adjustments to reconcile to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
35,867

 
29,247

Amortization of intangibles
3,256

 
2,072

Equity in earnings of affiliates
(23,531
)
 
(13,299
)
Distribution from equity method investees
23

 
2,523

Provision for deferred income taxes
(68,856
)
 
11,215

Gain on property/equipment sales and plant facilities
(1,131
)
 
(801
)
Non-cash investment activities
(10,880
)
 
(1,208
)
Stock-based compensation expense
7,339

 
7,240

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Decrease in accounts receivable
69,629

 
36,507

Increase in inventories
(21,255
)
 
(17,513
)
Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets
569

 
(19,425
)
Increase in pension and post-retirement benefits
2,132

 
3,238

Decrease in accounts payable and accrued expenses
(58,077
)
 
(178,157
)
Increase in net income taxes payable
65,881

 
98,307

NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
304,177

 
195,249

 
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from sale of business

 
135,944

Acquisitions of businesses/intangibles
(858,102
)
 

Purchases of property/equipment
(53,694
)
 
(37,895
)
Proceeds from sales of property/equipment
751

 
3,926

Decrease in investments, equity in affiliates, and other assets
2,718

 
3,596

   Proceeds from company-owned life insurance
3,028

 

NET CASH (USED IN) PROVIDED BY INVESTING ACTIVITIES
(905,299
)
 
105,571

 
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Proceeds from short-term debt
630,000

 

Principal payments on short-term debt
(375,000
)
 

Proceeds from long-term debt
375,000

 

Principal payments on long-term debt
(274
)
 

Dividends paid on common stock
(89,814
)
 
(76,629
)
Share repurchase
(25,199
)
 
(30,588
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
23,455

 
7,398

NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES
538,168

 
(99,819
)
 
 
 
 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH
4,607

 
(6,323
)
(DECREASE) INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
(58,347
)
 
194,678

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
444,122

 
415,143

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF QUARTER
$
385,775

 
$
609,821


See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

8

Table of Contents

HORMEL FOODS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
NOTE A                GENERAL
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Hormel Foods Corporation (the Company) have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information, and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X.  Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.  Operating results for the interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.  The balance sheet at October 29, 2017, has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements.  For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2017.
 
Investments
 
The Company maintains a rabbi trust to fund certain supplemental executive retirement plans and deferred income plans.  Under the plans, the participants can defer certain types of compensation and elect to receive a return on the deferred amounts based on the changes in fair value of various investment options, primarily a variety of mutual funds.  The Company has corporate-owned life insurance policies on certain participants in the deferred compensation plans.  The cash surrender value of the policies is included in other assets on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  The securities held by the trust are classified as trading securities.  Therefore, unrealized gains and losses associated with these investments are included in the Company’s earnings.  Securities held by the trust generated gains of $3.4 million for the quarter ended January 28, 2018, compared to gains of $1.5 million for the quarter ended January 29, 2017.
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
Non-cash investment activities presented on the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows primarily consist of unrealized gains or losses on the Company’s rabbi trust.  The noted investments are included in other assets on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  Changes in the value of these investments are included in the Company’s net earnings and are presented in the Consolidated Statements of Operations as either interest and investment income (loss) or interest expense, as appropriate.

Guarantees
 
The Company enters into various agreements guaranteeing specified obligations of affiliated parties.  The Company’s guarantees either terminate in one year or remain in place until such time as the Company revokes the agreement.  The Company currently provides revocable standby letters of credit totaling $4.0 million to guarantee obligations that may arise under workers compensation claims of an affiliated party.  This potential obligation is not reflected in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.

Reclassifications
 
Certain reclassifications of previously reported amounts have been made to conform to the current year presentation.  The reclassifications had no impact on net earnings or operating cash flows as previously reported.

Accounting Changes and Recent Accounting Pronouncements

New Accounting Pronouncements adopted in current fiscal year 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330). The updated guidance requires that inventory be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The guidance is limited to inventory measured using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) or average cost methods and excludes inventory measured using last-in, first-out (“LIFO”) or retail inventory methods. Net realizable value is defined as estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim

9

Table of Contents

periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the updated provisions on a prospective basis at the beginning of fiscal 2018. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements, results of operations or cash flows.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (Topic 718). The update simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification on the statement of cash flows. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted in any interim or annual period, with adjustments reflected as of the beginning of the fiscal year. Accordingly, the Company adopted the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2018. This will result in realized excess tax benefits (“windfalls”) and tax deficiencies (“shortfalls”) upon exercise or vesting of stock-based awards being recorded in its Consolidated Statements of Operations instead of additional paid-in capital within its Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The amendments requiring recognition of excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies in the income statement will be applied prospectively. Excess tax benefits of $11.8 million were recorded as a reduction of income tax expense for the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, thus reducing the effective tax rate by 3.9% for the quarter. The Company will apply the amendments related to the presentation of excess tax benefits on the consolidated statement of cash flows using a retrospective transition method, and as a result, realized windfalls were reclassified from financing activities to operating activities in its Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. In accordance with ASU 2016-09, the Company has made the accounting policy election to estimate forfeitures and adjust as actual forfeitures occur.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (Topic 230). The update makes eight targeted changes to how cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted provided all amendments are adopted in the same period. The guidance requires application using a retrospective transition method. The Company early adopted the provisions of the new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2018 and elected to account for distributions received from equity method investees as cash flows from operating activities using the nature of distribution approach accounting policy election. Under the nature of the distribution approach, distributions are classified based on the nature of the activity that generated them. The guidance requires cash proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies to be classified as investing activities. Accordingly, the Company classified the cash proceeds received from corporate-owned life insurance policies as cash flows from investing activities. The adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

The following table reconciles the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows line items impacted by the adoption of these standards at January 29, 2017:
 
Reported January 29, 2017
 
ASU 2016-09
 
ASU 2016-15
 
Adjusted January 29, 2017
Operating Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in earnings of affiliates
$
(10,776
)
 
$

 
$
(2,523
)
 
$
(13,299
)
Distributions received from equity method investees

 

 
2,523

 
2,523

Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
(17,630
)
 
17,630

 

 

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
$
177,619

 
$
17,630

 
$

 
$
195,249

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financing Activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
$
17,630

 
$
(17,630
)
 
$

 
$

Net Cash Used in Financing Activities
$
(82,189
)
 
$
(17,630
)
 
$

 
$
(99,819
)

New Accounting Pronouncements not yet adopted
 
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). This topic converges the guidance within U.S. GAAP and international financial reporting standards and supersedes ASC 605, Revenue Recognition. The new standard requires companies to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in amounts that reflect the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The new

10

Table of Contents

standard will also result in enhanced disclosures about revenue, provide guidance for transactions which were not previously addressed comprehensively, and improve guidance for multiple-element arrangements. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606): Deferral of the Effective Date,” which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 by one year allowing early adoption as of the original effective date of December 15, 2016. In 2016 and 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2016-08, ASU 2016-10, ASU 2016-11, ASU 2016-12, ASU 2016-20, ASU 2017-13, and ASU 2017-14 to clarify, among other things, the implementation guidance related to principal versus agent considerations, identifying performance obligations and accounting for licenses of intellectual property. The new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period, and early adoption is permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The updated guidance is to be applied either retrospectively or by using a cumulative effect adjustment. The Company will adopt the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2019. The Company has completed a significant portion of its detailed assessments relating to revenue streams and customer arrangements, and is focused on controls to support recognition and disclosure requirements under the new guidance. Based on the assessment to date, the Company does not expect the adoption of the new standard to have a material impact on its results of operations.
 
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The update requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets while recognizing expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to current U.S. GAAP. The guidance also eliminates current real estate-specific provisions for all entities. For lessors, the guidance modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases. In 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-01 which permits an entity to elect an optional transition practical expedient to not evaluate land easements existing or expiring before the entity’s adoption of ASC 842 and not previously accounted for as leases under ASC 840. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The updated guidance is to be applied using modified retrospective method and early adoption is permitted. The Company expects to adopt the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2020, and is in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
 
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses: Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 958). The update provides guidance on the measurement of credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income. The amendment replaces the current incurred loss impairment methodology with a methodology to reflect expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to explain credit loss estimates. The updated guidance is to be applied on a modified retrospective approach and is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods therein. The Company is currently assessing the timing and impact of adopting the updated provisions.
 
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes - Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (Topic 740). The updated guidance requires the recognition of the income tax consequences of an intra-entity asset transfer, other than transfers of inventory, when the transfer occurs. For intra-entity transfers of inventory, the income tax effects will continue to be deferred until the inventory has been sold to a third party. The updated guidance is effective for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted only within the first interim period of a fiscal year. The guidance is required to be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company will adopt the provisions of the new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2019 and is in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption on its consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits: Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (Topic 715). The updated guidance requires an employer to report the service cost component of net periodic pension cost and net periodic post-retirement benefit cost in the same line item or items as other compensation costs. The updated guidance also requires the other components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic post-retirement benefit cost to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside income from operations. Additionally, only the service cost component is eligible for capitalization, when applicable. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. The updated guidance should be applied retrospectively for the presentation of the service cost component and other components of net benefit cost in the income statement and prospectively, on and after the effective date, for the capitalization of the service cost component of net benefit cost. The Company will adopt the provisions of this new accounting standard at the beginning of fiscal 2019 and is currently assessing the impact on its consolidated financial statements.
 

11

Table of Contents

In August 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging - Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities (Topic 815). The updated guidance expands an entity’s ability to hedge nonfinancial and financial risk components and reduce complexity in fair value hedges of interest rate risk. The guidance eliminates the requirement to separately measure and report hedge ineffectiveness and generally requires the entire change in the fair value of a hedging instrument to be presented in the same income statement line as the hedged item. The guidance also eases certain documentation and assessment requirements and modifies the accounting for components excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. Entities will apply the amendments to cash flow and net investment hedge relationships that exist on the date of adoption using a modified retrospective approach. The presentation and disclosure requirement apply prospectively. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim or annual period. The Company is currently assessing the timing and impact of adopting the updated provisions.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220). The updated guidance allows entities to reclassify stranded income tax effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”) from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings in their consolidated financial statements. Under the Tax Act, deferred taxes were adjusted to reflect the reduction of the historical corporate income tax rate to the newly enacted corporate income tax rate, which left the tax effects on items within accumulated other comprehensive income stranded at an inappropriate tax rate. The updated guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period and should be applied either in the period of adoption or retrospectively to each period (or periods) in which the effect of the change in the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate in the Tax Act is recognized. The Company is in the process of assessing the impact this standard will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Any other recently issued accounting standards or pronouncements not disclosed above have been excluded as they either are not relevant to the Company, or they are not expected to have a material effect on its business practices, financial condition, results of operations, or disclosures.


NOTE B                ACQUISITIONS
 
On November 27, 2017, the Company acquired Columbus Manufacturing, Inc. (Columbus), an authentic premium deli meat and salami company, from Chicago-based Arbor Investments for a preliminary purchase price of $857.6 million, subject to customary working capital adjustments. The transaction was funded with cash on hand along with borrowing $375.0 million under a term loan facility and $375.0 million under a revolving credit facility. The acquisition was accounted for as a business combination using the acquisition method. The Company is in process of completing its preliminary allocation of the fair value of Columbus' assets. Allocations between goodwill and identifiable intangible assets acquired are pending completion of a third-party valuation appraisal. Refer to Note D for preliminary amounts assigned to goodwill.

Columbus specializes in authentic premium deli meat and salami and allows the Company to enhance its scale in the deli by broadening its portfolio of products, customers, and consumers.

Operating results for this acquisition have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations from the date of acquisition and are reflected in the Refrigerated Foods segment.

On August 22, 2017, the Company acquired Cidade do Sol (Ceratti) for a preliminary purchase price of approximately $103.5 million, subject to customary working capital adjustments. The transaction was funded by the Company with cash on hand. The Company has completed a preliminary allocation of the fair value of Ceratti. Allocations are based on the acquisition method of accounting and in-process third party valuation appraisals.

Ceratti is a growing, branded, value-added meats company in Brazil offering more than 70 products in 15 categories, including authentic meats such as mortadella, sausage, and salami for Brazilian retail and foodservice markets under the popular Ceratti® brand.  The acquisition of Ceratti allows the Company to establish a full in-country presence in the fast-growing Brazilian market with a premium brand.

Operating results for this acquisition have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations from the date of acquisition and are reflected in the International & Other segment.

On August 16, 2017, the Company acquired Fontanini Italian Meats and Sausages (Fontanini), a branded foodservice business, from Capitol Wholesale Meats, Inc. for a preliminary purchase price of $428.4 million, subject to customary working capital

12

Table of Contents

adjustments. The transaction provides a cash flow benefit resulting from the amortization of the tax basis of assets, the net present value of which is approximately $90.0 million. The transaction was funded by the Company with cash on hand and by utilizing short-term financing. The Company has completed a preliminary allocation of the fair value of Fontanini. Allocations are based on the acquisition method of accounting and in-process third party valuation appraisals. Primary assets acquired include goodwill of $223.6 million and intangibles of $110.3 million.

Fontanini specializes in authentic Italian meats and sausages, as well as a variety of other premium meat products, including pizza toppings and meatballs, and allows the Company to expand the foodservice business.

Operating results for this acquisition have been included in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Operations from the date of acquisition and are reflected in the Refrigerated Foods segment.


NOTE C                INVENTORIES
 
Principal components of inventories are:
(in thousands)
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Finished products
$
539,058

 
$
511,789

Raw materials and work-in-process
251,475

 
237,903

Operating supplies
125,551

 
114,098

Maintenance materials and parts
57,137

 
57,232

Total
$
973,221

 
$
921,022



NOTE D                GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
 
The carrying amounts of goodwill for the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, are presented in the table below. The increase to goodwill for the quarter is primarily related to the acquisition of Columbus. A preliminary allocation has been made to tangible assets, however, the allocation from goodwill to identifiable intangible assets is pending receipt of the third-party valuation appraisal report.
(in thousands)
Grocery
Products
 
Refrigerated
Foods
 
JOTS
 
International
& Other
 
Total
Balance as of October 29, 2017
$
882,582

 
$
795,699

 
$
203,214

 
$
238,318

 
$
2,119,813

Goodwill acquired

 
836,979

 

 

 
836,979

Purchase adjustments

 
510

 

 
161

 
671

Balance as of January 28, 2018
$
882,582

 
$
1,633,188

 
$
203,214

 
$
238,479

 
$
2,957,463

 
The gross carrying amount and accumulated amortization for definite-lived intangible assets are presented in the table below.
 
January 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
(in thousands)
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Gross Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
Customer lists/relationships
$
115,940

 
$
(29,782
)
 
$
115,940

 
$
(25,973
)
Formulas and recipes

 

 
1,950

 
(1,950
)
Other intangibles
6,964

 
(1,556
)
 
3,100

 
(2,044
)
Total
$
122,904

 
$
(31,338
)
 
$
120,990

 
$
(29,967
)
 
Amortization expense was $3.3 million and $2.1 million for the quarters ended January 28, 2018 and January 29, 2017, respectively.
 

13

Table of Contents

Estimated annual amortization expense for the five fiscal years after October 29, 2017, is as follows:
(in millions)
 
2018
$10.6
2019
10.5
2020
10.5
2021
10.5
2022
10.2
 
The carrying amounts for indefinite-lived intangible assets are presented in the table below.
(in thousands)
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Brands/tradenames/trademarks
$
931,573

 
$
935,807

Other intangibles
184

 
184

Total
$
931,757

 
$
935,991


 
NOTE E                PENSION AND OTHER POST-RETIREMENT BENEFITS
 
Net periodic benefit cost for pension and other post-retirement benefit plans consists of the following:
 
Pension Benefits
 
Post-retirement Benefits
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
Service cost
$
7,903

 
$
7,564

 
$
320

 
$
275

Interest cost
14,049

 
13,566

 
2,832

 
2,871

Expected return on plan assets
(24,770
)
 
(22,734
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service cost
(617
)
 
(750
)
 
(710
)
 
(1,068
)
Recognized actuarial loss
4,539

 
6,541

 
44

 
628

Net periodic cost
$
1,104

 
$
4,187

 
$
2,486

 
$
2,706


 
 
NOTE F               DERIVATIVES AND HEDGING
 
The Company uses hedging programs to manage price risk associated with commodity purchases.  These programs utilize futures contracts to manage the Company’s exposure to price fluctuations in the commodities markets.  The Company has determined its designated hedging programs to be highly effective in offsetting the changes in fair value or cash flows generated by the items hedged.


14

Table of Contents

Cash Flow Hedges:  The Company utilizes corn and lean hog futures to offset price fluctuations in the Company’s future direct grain and hog purchases.  The financial instruments are designated and accounted for as cash flow hedges, and the Company measures the effectiveness of the hedges at least quarterly.  Effective gains or losses related to these cash flow hedges are reported in accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCL) and reclassified into earnings, through cost of products sold, in the period or periods in which the hedged transactions affect earnings.  Any gains or losses related to hedge ineffectiveness are recognized in the current period cost of products sold.  The Company typically does not hedge its grain exposure beyond the next two upcoming fiscal years and its hog exposure beyond the next fiscal year.  As of January 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, the Company had the following outstanding commodity futures contracts that were entered into to hedge forecasted purchases:
 
 
Volume
Commodity
 
January 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
Corn
 
11.3 million bushels
 
11.5 million bushels
Lean hogs
 
0.2 million cwt
 
0.3 million cwt
 
As of January 28, 2018, the Company has included in AOCL, hedging gains of $0.8 million (before tax) relating to its positions, compared to gains of $1.8 million (before tax) as of October 29, 2017.  The Company expects to recognize the majority of these gains over the next 12 months.
 
Fair Value Hedges:  The Company utilizes futures to minimize the price risk assumed when fixed forward priced contracts are offered to the Company’s commodity suppliers.  The intent of the program is to make the forward priced commodities cost nearly the same as cash market purchases at the date of delivery.  The futures contracts are designated and accounted for as fair value hedges, and the Company measures the effectiveness of the hedges at least quarterly.  Changes in the fair value of the futures contracts, along with the gain or loss on the hedged purchase commitment, are marked-to-market through earnings and are recorded on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as a current asset and liability, respectively.  Effective gains or losses related to these fair value hedges are recognized through cost of products sold in the period or periods in which the hedged transactions affect earnings.  Any gains or losses related to hedge ineffectiveness are recognized in the current period cost of products sold.  As of January 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, the Company had the following outstanding commodity futures contracts designated as fair value hedges:
 
 
Volume
Commodity
 
January 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
Corn
 
2.6 million bushels
 
4.1 million bushels
Lean hogs
 
0.3 million cwt
 
0.4 million cwt
 
Other Derivatives:  The Company holds certain futures and options contract positions as part of a merchandising program and to manage the Company’s exposure to fluctuations in commodity markets.  The Company has not applied hedge accounting to these positions.
 
As of January 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, the Company had the following outstanding futures and options contracts related to these programs:
 
 
Volume
Commodity
 
January 28, 2018
 
October 29, 2017
Corn
 
0.2 million bushels
 


15

Table of Contents

Fair Values:  The fair values of the Company’s derivative instruments (in thousands) as of January 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, were as follows:
 
 
 
Fair Value (1)
 
Location on Consolidated
Statements of Financial
Position
 
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
Asset Derivatives:
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives Designated as Hedges:
 
 
 

 
 

Commodity contracts
Other current assets
 
$
(390
)
 
$
326

 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives Not Designated as Hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
Other current assets
 
12

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Asset Derivatives
 
 
$
(378
)
 
$
326

(1)  Amounts represent the gross fair value of derivative assets and liabilities.  The Company nets the derivative assets and liabilities for each of its hedging programs, including cash collateral, when a master netting arrangement exists between the Company and the counterparty to the derivative contract.  The amount or timing of cash collateral balances may impact the classification of the derivative in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  See Note K “Fair Value Measurements” for a discussion of these net amounts as reported in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.
 
Derivative Gains and Losses:  Gains or losses (before tax, in thousands) related to the Company’s derivative instruments for the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, and January 29, 2017, were as follows:
 
 
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in AOCL
(Effective Portion) (1)
 
Location on
Consolidated
Statements
of Operations
 
Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from
AOCL into Earnings
(Effective Portion) (1)
 
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in
Earnings (Ineffective
Portion) (2) (4)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
Cash Flow Hedges:
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
Commodity contracts
 
$
(387
)
 
$
(646
)
 
Cost of products sold
 
$
608

 
$
1,469

 
$
(90
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
Location on
Consolidated
Statements
of Operations
 
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in
Earnings (Effective
Portion) (3)
 
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in
Earnings (Ineffective
Portion) (2) (5)
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Three Months Ended
Fair Value Hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
Commodity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
$
557

 
$
(54
)
 
$
(249
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
Location on
Consolidated
Statements
of Operations
 
Gain/(Loss)
Recognized
in Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
Derivatives Not
Designated as Hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
 
 
 
Commodity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of products sold
 
$
12

 
$
(228
)
 
 
 
 
(1)     Amounts represent gains or losses in AOCL before tax.  See Note H “Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss” for the after-tax impact of these gains or losses on net earnings.
(2)     There were no gains or losses excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness during the quarter.
(3)     Amounts represent losses on commodity contracts designated as fair value hedges that were closed during the quarter, which were offset by a corresponding gain on the underlying hedged purchase commitment.  Additional gains or losses related to changes in the fair value of open commodity contracts, along with the offsetting gain or loss on the hedged purchase commitment, are also marked-to-market through earnings with no impact on a net basis.
(4)     There were no gains or losses resulting from the discontinuance of cash flow hedges during the quarter.
(5)     There were no gains or losses recognized as a result of a hedged firm commitment no longer qualifying as a fair value hedge during the quarter.

16

Table of Contents


NOTE G                                              INVESTMENTS IN AND RECEIVABLES FROM AFFILIATES
 
The Company accounts for its majority-owned operations under the consolidation method.  Investments in which the Company owns a minority interest, and for which there are no other indicators of control, are accounted for under the equity or cost method.  These investments, along with any related receivables from affiliates, are included in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position as investments in and receivables from affiliates.
 
Investments in and receivables from affiliates consists of the following:
 
(in thousands)
Segment
 
% Owned
 
January 28,
2018
 
October 29,
2017
MegaMex Foods, LLC
Grocery Products
 
50%
 
$
192,570

 
$
177,657

Foreign Joint Ventures
International & Other
 
Various (26-40%)
 
69,577

 
64,712

Total
 
 
 
 
$
262,147

 
$
242,369


Equity in earnings of affiliates consists of the following:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
 
Segment
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
MegaMex Foods, LLC
Grocery Products
 
$
19,588

 
$
9,071

Foreign Joint Ventures
International & Other
 
3,943

 
4,228

Total
 
 
$
23,531

 
$
13,299

 
Dividends received from affiliates for the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, were $0.023 million compared to $2.5 million of dividends received for the first quarter ended January 29, 2017.
 
The Company recognized a basis difference of $21.3 million associated with the formation of MegaMex Foods, LLC, of which $14.2 million is remaining as of January 28, 2018.  This difference is being amortized through equity in earnings of affiliates.


 
NOTE H                                                  ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
 
Components of accumulated other comprehensive loss are as follows:
(in thousands)
Foreign
Currency
Translation
 
Pension &
Other
Benefits
 
Deferred
Gain (Loss) -
Hedging
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
Balance at October 29, 2017
$
(6,846
)
 
$
(242,475
)
 
 
$
1,246

 
 
$
(248,075
)
Unrecognized gains (losses)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross
4,063

 

 
 
(387
)
 
 
3,676

Tax effect

 

 
 
92

 
 
92

Reclassification into net earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross

 
3,256

(1)
 
(608
)
(2)
 
2,648

Tax effect

 
(770
)
 
 
253

 
 
(517
)
Net of tax amount
4,063

 
2,486

 
 
(650
)
 
 
5,899

Balance at January 28, 2018
$
(2,783
)
 
$
(239,989
)
 
 
$
596

 
 
$
(242,176
)
 
(1) Included in the computation of net periodic cost (see Note E “Pension and Other Post-Retirement Benefits” for additional details).
(2)    Included in cost of products sold in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.




17

Table of Contents

NOTE I                 INCOME TAXES
 
The Company's tax provision is determined using an estimated annual effective tax rate and adjusted for discrete taxable events that may occur during the quarter. We recognize the effects of tax legislation in the period in which the law is enacted. The deferred tax assets and liabilities are remeasured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years we estimate the related temporary differences to reverse.

On December 22, 2017, the United States enacted comprehensive tax legislation into law, H.R. 1, commonly referred to as the Tax Act. Except for certain provisions, the Tax Act is effective for tax years beginning on or after January 1, 2018. As a fiscal year U.S. taxpayer, the majority of the provisions will not apply for the Company until fiscal 2019, such as eliminating the domestic manufacturing deduction, creating new taxes on certain foreign sourced income, and introducing new limitations on certain business deductions. For fiscal 2018, and effective in the first quarter, the most significant impacts include lowering of the U.S. federal corporate income tax rate, remeasuring certain net deferred tax liabilities, and requiring the transition tax on the deemed repatriation of certain foreign earnings. The phase-in of the lower federal corporate income tax rate resulted in a blended rate of 23.4 percent for fiscal 2018, as compared to the previous 35 percent, and is based on the applicable tax rates before and after passage of the Tax Act and the number of days in the fiscal year. The tax rate will be reduced to 21 percent in subsequent fiscal years.

The lower effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 is largely due to the passage of the Tax Act, lowering the Company's long-term effective tax rate.  In the first quarter, the Company recorded a one-time provisional non-cash tax benefit of $68.0 million for deferred tax liability revaluation and a provisional $5.2 million charge for deemed repatriation of the Company's previously undistributed foreign earnings. At this point, no additional income taxes have been provided for any undistributed foreign earnings not subject to the transition tax and additional outside basis difference inherent in these entities, as these amounts continue to be indefinitely reinvested in foreign operations. Determining the amount of unrecognized deferred tax liability related to any remaining undistributed foreign earnings not subject to the transition tax and additional outside basis difference in these entities (i.e., basis difference in excess of that subject to the one-time transition tax) is not practical at this time. The one-time tax events and reduction in the federal statutory tax rate were the main drivers of the Company's first quarter effective tax rate of 0.6 percent, versus 33.7 percent last year. The Company expects a full-year effective tax rate between 17.5 percent and 20.5 percent for fiscal 2018.

The staff of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission has recognized the complexity of reflecting the impacts of the Tax Act and issued guidance in Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118, which clarifies accounting for income taxes under ASC 740 if information is not yet available or complete and provides a measurement period for up to one year in which to complete the required analysis and accounting. Based on current interpretation of the Tax Act, the Company made reasonable estimates to record provisional adjustments during the first quarter of fiscal 2018, as described below. As the Company accumulates and processes data to finalize the underlying calculations, and expects regulators to issue further guidance, estimates may change during fiscal 2018. The Company will continue to refine such amounts within the measurement period allowed, which will be completed no later than the first quarter of fiscal 2019.

The amount of unrecognized tax benefits, including interest and penalties, is recorded in other long-term liabilities.  If recognized as of January 28, 2018, and January 29, 2017, $34.2 million and $20.6 million, respectively, would impact the Company’s effective tax rate.  The Company includes accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense, with $0.2 million and $0.1 million of interest and penalties included in expense in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and 2017, respectively. The amount of accrued interest and penalties at January 28, 2018, and January 29, 2017, associated with unrecognized tax benefits was $7.3 million and $2.7 million, respectively.

The Company is regularly audited by federal and state taxing authorities.  The United States Internal Revenue Service (I.R.S.) concluded its examination of fiscal 2016 in the first quarter of fiscal 2018.  The Company has elected to participate in the Compliance Assurance Process (CAP) for fiscal years 2017 and 2018.  The objective of CAP is to contemporaneously work with the I.R.S. to achieve federal tax compliance and resolve all or most of the issues prior to filing of the tax return.  The Company may elect to continue participating in CAP for future tax years; the Company may withdraw from the program at any time.

The Company is in various stages of audit by several state taxing authorities on a variety of fiscal years, as far back as 2011.  While it is reasonably possible that one or more of these audits may be completed within the next 12 months and that the related unrecognized tax benefits may change, based on the status of the examinations it is not possible to reasonably estimate the effect of any amount of such change to previously recorded uncertain tax positions.
 

18

Table of Contents

NOTE J               STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
 
The Company issues stock options and nonvested shares as part of its stock incentive plans for employees and non-employee directors.  The Company’s policy is to grant options with the exercise price equal to the market price of the common stock on the date of grant.  Options typically vest over four years and expire ten years after the date of the grant.  The Company recognizes stock-based compensation expense ratably over the shorter of the requisite service period or vesting period.  The fair value of stock-based compensation granted to retirement-eligible individuals is expensed at the time of grant.
 
A reconciliation of the number of options outstanding and exercisable (in thousands) as of January 28, 2018, and changes during the quarter then ended, is as follows:
 
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (Years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at October 29, 2017
30,685

 
$
18.08

 
 
 
 
Granted
1,968

 
37.10

 
 
 
 
Exercised
2,301

 
10.20

 
 
 
 
Forfeited
3

 
33.31

 
 
 
 
Expired
1

 
37.76

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at January 28, 2018
30,348

 
$
19.91

 
5.0
 
$
460,530

Exercisable at January 28, 2018
24,284

 
$
16.34

 
4.1
 
$
448,268

 
The weighted-average grant date fair value of stock options granted and the total intrinsic value of options exercised (in thousands) during the first quarter of fiscal years 2018 and 2017, are as follows. 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
 
Weighted-average grant date fair value
$
6.93

 
$
6.33

 
Intrinsic value of exercised options
$
56,302

 
$
51,942

 
 
The fair value of each option award is calculated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes valuation model utilizing the following weighted-average assumptions:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
 
Risk-free interest rate
2.3
%
 
2.4
%
 
Dividend yield
2.0
%
 
2.0
%
 
Stock price volatility
19.0
%
 
19.0
%
 
Expected option life
8 years

 
8 years

 
 
As part of the annual valuation process, the Company reassesses the appropriateness of the inputs used in the valuation models.  The Company establishes the risk-free interest rate using stripped U.S. Treasury yields as of the grant date where the remaining term is approximately the expected life of the option.  The dividend yield is set based on the dividend rate approved by the Company’s Board of Directors and the stock price on the grant date.  The expected volatility assumption is set based primarily on historical volatility.  As a reasonableness test, implied volatility from exchange traded options is also examined to validate the volatility range obtained from the historical analysis.  The expected life assumption is set based on an analysis of past exercise behavior by option holders.  In performing the valuations for option grants, the Company has not stratified option holders as exercise behavior has historically been consistent across all executive employee and non-employee director groups.
 

19

Table of Contents

Nonvested shares vest on the earlier of the day before the Company’s next annual meeting date or one year from grant date.  Subsequent to the end of the quarter, restricted shares were awarded with a restricted period expiring the date of the Company’s next annual stockholders meeting.
A reconciliation of the nonvested shares (in thousands) as of January 28, 2018, and changes during the quarter then ended, is as follows:
 
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair Value
Nonvested at October 29, 2017
58

 
$
35.62

Granted

 

Vested
3

 
35.62

Forfeited
1

 
35.62

Nonvested at January 28, 2018
54

 
$
35.62

 
The weighted-average grant date fair value of nonvested shares granted, the total fair value (in thousands) of nonvested shares granted, and the fair value (in thousands) of shares that have vested during the first quarter of fiscal years 2018 and 2017, are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
Weighted-average grant date fair value
$
35.62

 
$
41.01

Fair value of nonvested shares granted

 
1,920

Fair value of shares vested
133

 
1,920

 
During the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, stock-based compensation expense was $7.3 million compared to $7.2 million for the first quarter ended January 29, 2017.
 
At January 28, 2018, there was $17.7 million of total unrecognized compensation expense from stock-based compensation arrangements granted under the plans.  This compensation is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.6 years.  During the first quarter ended January 28, 2018, cash received from stock option exercises was $23.5 million compared to $7.4 million for the first quarter ended January 29, 2017

Shares issued for option exercises and nonvested shares may be either authorized but unissued shares, or shares of treasury stock acquired in the open market or otherwise.

 
NOTE K                FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Pursuant to the provisions of ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820), the Company measures certain assets and liabilities at fair value or discloses the fair value of certain assets and liabilities recorded at cost in the consolidated financial statements.  Fair value is calculated as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date (an exit price).  ASC 820 establishes a fair value hierarchy which requires assets and liabilities measured at fair value to be categorized into one of three levels based on the inputs used in the valuation.  Assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input significant to the fair value measurement.  The three levels are defined as follows:
 
Level 1:  Observable inputs based on quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
 
Level 2: Observable inputs, other than those included in Level 1, based on quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in inactive markets.
 
Level 3:  Unobservable inputs that reflect an entity’s own assumptions about what inputs a market participant would use in pricing the asset or liability based on the best information available in the circumstances.
 

20

Table of Contents

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of January 28, 2018, and October 29, 2017, and their level within the fair value hierarchy, are presented in the tables below.
 
Fair Value Measurements at January 28, 2018
(in thousands)
Total Fair Value
 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets at Fair Value
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$
385,775

 
$
385,775

 
$

 
$

Other trading securities (2)
139,752

 

 
139,752

 

Commodity derivatives (3)
2,303

 
2,303

 

 

Total Assets at Fair Value
$
527,830

 
$
388,078

 
$
139,752

 
$

Liabilities at Fair Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation (2)
$
64,665

 
$

 
$
64,665

 
$

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
$
64,665

 
$

 
$
64,665

 
$

 
Fair Value Measurements at October 29, 2017
(in thousands)
Total Fair Value

 
Quoted Prices
in Active
Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets at Fair Value
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents (1)
$
444,122

 
$
444,122

 
$

 
$

Other trading securities (2)
128,530

 

 
128,530

 

Commodity derivatives (3)
2,821

 
2,821

 

 

Total Assets at Fair Value
$
575,473

 
$
446,943

 
$
128,530

 
$

Liabilities at Fair Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation (2)
$
62,341

 
$

 
$
62,341

 
$

Total Liabilities at Fair Value
$
62,341

 
$

 
$
62,341

 
$

 
The following methods and assumptions were used to estimate the fair value of the financial assets and liabilities above:
(1)
The Company’s cash equivalents consist primarily of bank deposits, money market funds rated AAA, or other highly liquid investment accounts.  As these investments have a maturity date of three months or less, the carrying value approximates fair value.
(2)
A majority of the funds held in the rabbi trust relate to the supplemental executive retirement plans and have been invested in fixed income funds managed by a third party.  The declared rate on these funds is set based on a formula using the yield of the general account investment portfolio supporting the fund, adjusted for expenses and other charges.  The rate is guaranteed for one year at issue, and may be reset annually on the policy anniversary, subject to a guaranteed minimum rate.  As the value is based on adjusted market rates, and the fixed rate is only reset on an annual basis, these funds are classified as Level 2.  The funds held in the rabbi trust are included in other assets on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  The remaining funds held are also managed by a third-party insurance policy, the values of which represent their cash surrender value based on the fair value of the underlying investments in the account and include equity securities, money market accounts, bond funds, or other portfolios for which there is an active quoted market.  Therefore these policies are also classified as Level 2.  The related deferred compensation liabilities are included in other long-term liabilities on the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position with investment options generally mirroring those funds held by the rabbi trust.  Therefore these investment balances are classified as Level 2.  The Company also offers a fixed rate investment option to participants.  The rate earned on these investments is adjusted annually based on a specified percentage of the I.R.S. Applicable Federal Rates.  These balances are classified as Level 2.
(3)
The Company’s commodity derivatives represent futures contracts used in its hedging or other programs to offset price fluctuations associated with purchases of corn and hogs, and to minimize the price risk assumed when forward priced contracts are offered to the Company’s commodity suppliers.  The Company’s futures contracts for corn and soybean meal are traded on the Chicago Board of Trade, while futures contracts for lean hogs are traded on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange.  These are active markets with quoted prices available, and these contracts are classified as Level 1.  All derivatives are reviewed for potential credit risk and risk of nonperformance.  The Company nets the derivative assets and liabilities for each of its hedging programs, including cash collateral, when a master netting arrangement exists between the Company and the counterparty to the derivative contract.  The net balance for each program is included in other current assets or accounts payable, as appropriate, in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  As of January 28, 2018, the Company has recognized the right to reclaim net cash collateral of $2.7 million from various counterparties (including $15.3 million of realized gains offset by cash owed of $12.6 million on closed positions).  As

21

Table of Contents

of October 29, 2017, the Company had recognized the right to reclaim net cash collateral of $2.5 million from various counterparties (including $11.0 million of realized gains offset by cash owed of $8.5 million on closed positions).
 
The Company’s financial assets and liabilities include accounts receivable, accounts payable, and other liabilities, for which carrying value approximates fair value.  The Company does not carry its long-term debt at fair value in its Consolidated Statements of Financial Position.  Based on borrowing rates available to the Company for long-term financing with similar terms and average maturities, the fair value of long-term debt, utilizing discounted cash flows (Level 2), was $638.5 million as of January 28, 2018, and $266.5 million as of October 29, 2017.
 
In accordance with the provisions of ASC 820, the Company measures certain nonfinancial assets and liabilities at fair value, which are recognized or disclosed on a nonrecurring basis (e.g. goodwill, intangible assets, and property, plant and equipment).   During the first quarters ended January 28, 2018, and January 29, 2017, there were no material remeasurements of assets or liabilities at fair value on a nonrecurring basis subsequent to their initial recognition.

 
NOTE L               EARNINGS PER SHARE DATA
 
The reported net earnings attributable to the Company were used when computing basic and diluted earnings per share.  The following table sets forth the shares used as the denominator for those computations:
 
Three Months Ended
 
(in thousands)
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
 
Basic weighted-average shares outstanding
529,453

 
528,585

 
Dilutive potential common shares
14,029

 
11,479

 
Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding
543,482

 
540,064

 
 
For the first quarters ended January 28, 2018, and January 29, 2017, a total of 5.4 million and 3.4 million weighted-average stock options, respectively, were not included in the computation of dilutive potential common shares since their inclusion would have had an antidilutive effect on earnings per share.

22

Table of Contents

NOTE M                SEGMENT REPORTING
 
The Company develops, processes, and distributes a wide array of food products in a variety of markets.  The Company reports its results in the following four segments:  Grocery Products, Refrigerated Foods, Jennie-O Turkey Store, and International & Other. As a result of a business realignment at the beginning of fiscal 2018, the former Specialty Foods segment results are now reported as part of the Grocery Products segment. Periods presented herein have been recast to reflect this change.
 
The Grocery Products segment consists primarily of the processing, marketing, and sale of shelf-stable food products sold predominantly in the retail market, along with the sale of nutritional and private label shelf-stable products to retail, foodservice, and industrial customers.  This segment also includes the results from the Company’s MegaMex Foods, LLC joint venture.
 
The Refrigerated Foods segment consists primarily of the processing, marketing, and sale of branded and unbranded pork, beef, chicken, and turkey products products for retail, foodservice, and fresh product customers.
 
The Jennie-O Turkey Store segment consists primarily of the processing, marketing, and sale of branded and unbranded turkey products for retail, foodservice, and fresh product customers.
 
The International & Other segment includes Hormel Foods International, which manufactures, markets, and sells Company products internationally.  This segment also includes the results from the Company’s international joint ventures.
 
Intersegment sales are recorded at approximate cost and are eliminated in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.  The Company does not allocate investment income, interest expense, and interest income to its segments when measuring performance.  The Company also retains various other income and unallocated expenses at corporate.  Equity in earnings of affiliates is included in segment operating profit; however, earnings attributable to the Company’s noncontrolling interests are excluded.  These items are included below as net interest and investment expense (income), general corporate expense, and noncontrolling interest when reconciling to earnings before income taxes.
 
Sales and operating profits for each of the Company’s reportable segments and reconciliation to earnings before income taxes are set forth below.  The Company is an integrated enterprise, characterized by substantial intersegment cooperation, cost allocations, and sharing of assets.  Therefore, the Company does not represent these segments, if operated independently, would report the operating profit and other financial information shown below.
 

23

Table of Contents

 
Three Months Ended
 
(in thousands)
January 28,
2018
 
January 29,
2017
 
Sales to Unaffiliated Customers
 

 
 

 
Grocery Products
$
613,870

 
$
610,374

 
Refrigerated Foods
1,176,456

 
1,123,039

 
Jennie-O Turkey Store
390,648

 
420,989

 
International & Other
150,319

 
125,825

 
Total
$
2,331,293

 
$
2,280,227

 
 
 
 
 
 
Intersegment Sales
 
 
 
 
Grocery Products
$
4

 
$
5

 
Refrigerated Foods
2,164

 
2,139

 
Jennie-O Turkey Store
24,689

 
28,256

 
International & Other

 

 
Total
26,857

 
30,400

 
Intersegment elimination
(26,857
)
 
(30,400
)
 
Total
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Sales
 
 
 
 
Grocery Products
$
613,874

 
$
610,379

 
Refrigerated Foods
1,178,620

 
1,125,178

 
Jennie-O Turkey Store
415,337

 
449,245

 
International & Other
150,319

 
125,825

 
Intersegment elimination
(26,857
)
 
(30,400
)
 
Total
$
2,331,293

 
$
2,280,227

 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Profit
 
 
 
 
Grocery Products
$
99,977

 
$
92,376

 
Refrigerated Foods
142,949

 
173,808

 
Jennie-O Turkey Store
49,874

 
68,180

 
International & Other
24,655

 
25,463

 
Total segment operating profit
317,455

 
359,827

 
Net interest and investment expense (income)
1,423

 
577

 
General corporate expense
10,971

 
4,621

 
Less: Noncontrolling interest
104

 
156

 
Earnings Before Income Taxes
$
305,165

 
$
354,785

 

24

Table of Contents

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
There have been no material changes in the Company’s Critical Accounting Policies, as disclosed in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended October 29, 2017.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
Overview
 
The Company is a multinational manufacturer and marketer of consumer-branded food and meat products. It operates in four reportable segments as described in Note M in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
 
The Company reported net earnings per diluted share of $0.56 for the first quarter of fiscal 2018, compared to $0.44 per diluted share in the first quarter of fiscal 2017. Significant factors impacting the quarter were:
 
The Company delivered record net earnings as the impact of tax reform and strong Grocery Products earnings growth more than offset higher hog costs, continued challenges at Jennie-O Turkey Store (JOTS), and higher-than-expected freight costs.
Refrigerated Foods segment profit declined due to higher hog costs, one-time transaction costs for the Columbus acquisition, the divestiture of the Farmer John business, and increased freight expenses.
JOTS segment profit decreased as a result of lower profits from whole bird and commodity sales and increased freight expenses. Lower selling, general, and administrative expenses offset a portion of the earnings decline.
Grocery Products segment profit increased due to strong earnings growth from the Company's MegaMex Foods, LLC (MegaMex) joint venture; lower selling, general and administrative expenses; and improved earnings from the Skippy® and Justin's® nut butter brands.
International & Other segment profit decreased as higher costs of goods for exports were partially offset by the inclusion of the Ceratti business and improving profitability in China due to lower raw material costs.
 
Consolidated Results
 
Net Earnings and Diluted Earnings per Share
 
Three Months
 
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
 
Net earnings
$
303,107

 
$
235,147

 
28.9
 
Diluted earnings per share
0.56

 
0.44

 
27.3
 
 
Net Sales
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Volume (lbs.)
1,190,592

 
1,244,909

 
(4.4
)
Organic volume(1) 
1,146,099

 
1,164,455

 
(1.6
)
Net sales
$
2,331,293

 
$
2,280,227

 
2.2

Organic net sales(1) 
2,198,421

 
2,179,996

 
0.8

 
(1) The non-GAAP adjusted financial measurements of organic net sales and organic volume are presented to provide investors additional information to facilitate the comparison of past and present operations. The company believes these non-GAAP financial measurements provide useful information to investors because they are the measurements used to evaluate performance on a comparable year-over-year basis. Non-GAAP measurements are not intended to be a substitute for U.S. GAAP measurements in analyzing financial performance. These non-GAAP measurements are not in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and may be different from non-GAAP measures used by other companies.

25

Table of Contents

 
Organic net sales and organic volume are defined as net sales and volume excluding the impact of acquisitions and divestitures. Organic net sales and organic volume exclude the impacts of the acquisition of Columbus Craft Meats (November 2017), the acquisition of Fontanini Italian Meats and Sausages (August 2017), and the divestiture of Farmer John (January 2017) in Refrigerated Foods and the acquisition of Ceratti (August 2017) in International. The tables below show the calculations to reconcile from the non-GAAP adjusted measures to the GAAP measures in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017.

1st Quarter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Volume (lbs.)
 
FY 2018
 
FY 2017
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Reported
(GAAP)
 
Acquisitions
 
Organic
(Non-GAAP)
 
Reported
(GAAP)
 
Divestitures
 
Organic
(Non-GAAP)
 
Organic
% Change
Grocery Products
 
334,217

 


 
334,217

 
338,792

 


 
338,792

 
(1.4
)
Refrigerated Foods
 
562,495

 
(31,660
)
 
530,835

 
614,425

 
(80,454
)
 
533,971

 
(0.6
)
Jennie-O Turkey Store
 
208,431

 


 
208,431

 
216,643

 


 
216,643

 
(3.8
)
International & Other
 
85,449

 
(12,833
)
 
72,616

 
75,049

 


 
75,049

 
(3.2
)
Total Volume
 
1,190,592

 
(44,493
)
 
1,146,099

 
1,244,909

 
(80,454
)
 
1,164,455

 
(1.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Sales
 
FY 2018
 
FY 2017
 
 
(in thousands)
 
Reported
(GAAP)
 
Acquisitions
 
Organic
(Non-GAAP)
 
Reported
(GAAP)
 
Divestitures
 
Organic
(Non-GAAP)
 
Organic
% Change
Grocery Products
 
$
613,870

 


 
$
613,870

 
$
610,374

 


 
$
610,374

 
0.6

Refrigerated Foods
 
1,176,456

 
$
(111,017
)
 
1,065,439

 
1,123,039

 
$
(100,231
)
 
1,022,808

 
4.2

Jennie-O Turkey Store
 
390,648

 


 
390,648

 
420,989

 


 
420,989

 
(7.2
)
International & Other
 
150,319

 
(21,855
)
 
128,464

 
125,825

 


 
125,825

 
2.1

Total Net Sales
 
$
2,331,293

 
$
(132,872
)
 
$
2,198,421

 
$
2,280,227

 
$
(100,231
)
 
$
2,179,996

 
0.8

 

The increase in net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 was primarily related to the inclusion of the Columbus, Fontanini, and Ceratti acquisitions. Organic sales growth was led by retail sales of Hormel® Black Label® bacon, Wholly Guacamole® dips and Muscle Milk® protein beverages. Foodservice sales of Hormel® Bacon 1TM fully cooked bacon, Hormel® pizza toppings, and Hormel® Fire BraisedTM meats also delivered gains. Partially offsetting these gains were sales declines from the divestiture of Farmer John, whole bird sales at JOTS, and the contract manufacturing business in Grocery Products.

Cost of Products Sold
 
Three Months Ended
 
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
 
Cost of products sold
$
1,829,114

 
$
1,727,947

 
5.9
 
 
Cost of products sold was up for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 compared to the prior year as the Company faced higher input costs for hogs, pork bellies, and beef and pork trim. Freight expenses negatively impacted the first quarter, especially in the Refrigerated Foods and JOTS segments. The Company is working to find sustainable, mutually beneficial solutions with its customers to mitigate the impact for the remainder of the year.
 
Gross Profit
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Gross profit
$
502,179

 
$
552,280

 
(9.1
)
Percentage of net sales
21.5
%
 
24.2
%
 
 
 
Gross profit as a percentage of net sales for all four of the Company's segments declined in the first quarter of fiscal 2018 compared to the prior year. Input costs were higher in Grocery Products, Refrigerated Foods, and International & Other and freight costs were up across all segments. Turkey markets were lower for JOTS. Pricing actions taken in prior quarters offset a

26

Table of Contents

portion of the profitability declines. Looking ahead, higher hog costs, depressed turkey commodity markets, and higher freight expense will continue to be near-term challenges to profitability. Incremental sales and profits from the Columbus, Fontanini, and Ceratti acquisitions will offset part of the declines.

Selling, General and Administrative (SG&A)
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
SG&A
$
219,122

 
$
210,217

 
4.2
Percentage of net sales
9.4
%
 
9.2
%
 
 
 
For the first quarter of fiscal 2018, SG&A expenses increased due to one-time costs associated with the acquisition of Columbus and employee-related expenses. Marketing and advertising expenses were down in the first quarter, but are expected to be up over 20 percent for the year.
 
Equity in Earnings of Affiliates
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Equity in earnings of affiliates
$
23,531

 
$
13,299

 
76.9
 
Results for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 were positively impacted by strong MegaMex results and tax reform.

Effective Tax Rate
 
Three Months Ended
 
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
Effective tax rate
0.6
%
 
33.7
%

The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 reflects impacts of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act signed into law on December 22, 2017. These impacts include a non-cash tax benefit for deferred tax liability revaluation of $68 million and a $5 million charge for deemed repatriation of the Company’s previously undistributed foreign earnings. These one-time tax events and the reduction in the federal statutory tax rate were the key drivers to the Company’s lower effective tax rate in the first quarter of fiscal 2018. The Company expects a full-year effective tax rate between 17.5 and 20.5 percent for fiscal 2018. For further description refer to Note I Income Taxes.

Segment Results
 
Net sales and operating profits for each of the Company’s reportable segments are set forth below.  The Company is an integrated enterprise, characterized by substantial intersegment cooperation, cost allocations, and sharing of assets.  Therefore, the Company does not represent these segments, if operated independently, would report the operating profit and other financial information shown below.  Additional segment financial information can be found in Note M of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

27

Table of Contents

 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Net Sales
 

 
 

 
 

Grocery Products
$
613,870

 
$
610,374

 
0.6

Refrigerated Foods
1,176,456

 
1,123,039

 
4.8

Jennie-O Turkey Store
390,648

 
420,989

 
(7.2
)
International & Other
150,319

 
125,825

 
19.5

Total
$
2,331,293

 
$
2,280,227

 
2.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Operating Profit
 

 
 

 
 

Grocery Products
$
99,977

 
$
92,376

 
8.2

Refrigerated Foods
142,949

 
173,808

 
(17.8
)
Jennie-O Turkey Store
49,874

 
68,180

 
(26.8
)
International & Other
24,655

 
25,463

 
(3.2
)
Total segment operating profit
317,455

 
359,827

 
(11.8
)
Net interest and investment expense
1,423

 
577

 
146.6

General corporate expense
10,971

 
4,621

 
137.4

Less: Noncontrolling interest
104

 
156

 
(33.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings before income taxes
$
305,165

 
$
354,785

 
(14.0
)
 
Grocery Products
 
Results for the Grocery Products segment compared to the prior year are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Volume (lbs.)
334,217

 
338,792

 
(1.4
)
Net sales
$
613,870

 
$
610,374

 
0.6

Segment profit
99,977

 
92,376

 
8.2


Net sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2018 increased on strong sales of Wholly Guacamole® dips, Muscle Milk® protein products, Hormel® Compleats® microwave meals, Herdez® salsas, and the SPAM® family of products. These increases more than offset declines from the contract manufacturing business.

For the first quarter of fiscal 2018, segment profit increased due to strong earnings growth from the Wholly Guacamole® and Herdez® brands and a one-time tax gain in MegaMex due to the impact of tax reform. Lower SG&A expenses and improved sales of Skippy®and Justin's® nut butter products aided profits.
 
The Company anticipates sales growth in the second quarter, with margins negatively impacted by promotional activity, increased freight, and higher raw material costs.
 
Refrigerated Foods
 
Results for the Refrigerated Foods segment compared to the prior year are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended

(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Volume (lbs.)
562,495

 
614,425

 
(8.5
)
Net sales
$
1,176,456

 
$
1,123,039

 
4.8

Segment profit
142,949

 
173,808

 
(17.8
)

28

Table of Contents

 
The divestiture of Farmer John during the first quarter of fiscal year 2017 was the primary contributor to lower sales volume in fiscal 2018. The increase in net sales was driven by the inclusion of Columbus and Fontanini sales, which more than offset the sales decline from the Farmer John divestiture. Additional sales increases are attributable to foodservice sales of Hormel® Bacon 1TM fully cooked bacon, Hormel® pizza toppings, and Hormel® Fire BraisedTM meats and retail sales of Hormel® Black Label® bacon and Applegate® natural and organic products.
 
Refrigerated Foods segment profit for the first quarter declined due to higher hog costs, one-time transaction costs for the Columbus acquisition, the divestiture of the Farmer John business, and increased freight expenses.
 
Looking forward, the Company expects sales growth in the second quarter from the value-added businesses and the incremental impact of Columbus and Fontanini. Higher hog costs and increased freight expenses are expected to continue near-term, though the segment still expects to show segment profit growth due to improved results in the value-added businesses.

Jennie-O Turkey Store
 
Results for the JOTS segment compared to the prior year are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
(in thousands)
January 28, 2018
 
January 29, 2017
 
%
Change
Volume (lbs.)
208,431