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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
_____________________________
FORM 10-Q
_____________________________
(Mark One)
þ QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2017

OR

o TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from to
Commission file number 000-55580

HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
Maryland
 
81-0862795
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
332 S Michigan Avenue, Ninth Floor
Chicago, Illinois
 
60604
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(312) 583-7990
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. þ Yes ¨ No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). þ Yes o No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
o
 
Accelerated filer
o
 
Non-accelerated filer
o
 
Smaller reporting company
o
 
Emerging Growth Company
þ
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 



If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). o Yes þ No

As of August 1, 2017, there were 868,423,581 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
 



Table of Contents


TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
Part I - Financial Information
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Part II - Other Information
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
 



i

Table of Contents



HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Balance Sheets

As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Investment properties
 
 
 
Land
$
99,170

 
$
121,027

Building and other improvements
313,380

 
394,022

Construction in progress
1,682

 
530

Total
414,232

 
515,579

Less accumulated depreciation
(88,435
)
 
(84,651
)
Net investment properties
325,797

 
430,928

Cash and cash equivalents
29,862

 
57,129

Restricted cash and escrows
5,235

 
7,034

Accounts and rents receivable (net of allowance of $613 and $478)
5,971

 
9,997

Intangible assets, net
563

 
3,253

Deferred costs and other assets
3,935

 
4,213

Total assets
$
371,363

 
$
512,554

Liabilities
 
 
 
Debt, net
$
163,492

 
$
380,240

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
10,213

 
42,899

Intangible liabilities, net
3,622

 
3,831

Other liabilities
1,372

 
2,303

Total liabilities
$
178,699

 
$
429,274

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

Stockholder’s Equity
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 868,423,581 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2017 and 864,890,967 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2016
8,684

 
8,649

Additional paid in capital
1,406,460

 
1,405,677

Accumulated distributions in excess of net income
(1,222,480
)
 
(1,331,046
)
Total stockholder’s equity
192,664

 
83,280

Total liabilities and stockholder’s equity
$
371,363

 
$
512,554














See accompanying notes to the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.

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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Dollar amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
(unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental income
$
12,596

 
$
22,290

 
$
27,359

 
$
45,716

Tenant recovery income
2,084

 
2,485

 
3,667

 
5,436

Other property income
204

 
60

 
693

 
281

Total revenues
$
14,884

 
$
24,835

 
$
31,719

 
$
51,433

Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
2,801

 
1,897

 
5,987

 
4,101

Real estate taxes
1,094

 
1,837

 
4,555

 
4,262

Depreciation and amortization
4,876

 
7,012

 
10,500

 
15,246

General and administrative expenses
2,596

 
4,205

 
6,674

 
7,082

Provision for asset impairment
712

 
42,615

 
712

 
42,615

Total expenses
$
12,079

 
$
57,566

 
$
28,428

 
$
73,306

Operating income (loss)
$
2,805

 
$
(32,731
)
 
$
3,291

 
$
(21,873
)
Interest income
16

 

 
56

 

Loss on disposition of investment properties

 

 
(3
)
 

Gain on extinguishment of debt
116,900

 

 
116,900

 

Other income (loss)
3

 
(111
)
 
3

 
(113
)
Interest expense
(4,324
)
 
(6,159
)
 
(11,688
)
 
(12,704
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
$
115,400

 
$
(39,001
)
 
$
108,559

 
$
(34,690
)
Income tax benefit (expense)
9

 
(234
)
 
7

 
(238
)
Net income (loss)
$
115,409

 
$
(39,235
)
 
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
Net income (loss) per common share, basic and diluted
$
0.13

 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
0.13

 
$
(0.04
)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic and diluted
868,272,875

 
863,975,978

 
866,939,369

 
863,975,978




See accompanying notes to the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.

2

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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Statements of Equity
(Dollar amounts in thousands except share amounts)
For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
(unaudited)
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Additional Paid in Capital
 
Accumulated
Distributions in
Excess of Net (Loss) Income
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2017
864,890,967

 
$
8,649

 
$
1,405,677

 
$
(1,331,046
)
 
$
83,280

Net income

 

 

 
108,566

 
108,566

Share-based compensation
3,532,614

 
35

 
783

 

 
818

Balance at June 30, 2017
868,423,581

 
$
8,684

 
$
1,406,460

 
$
(1,222,480
)
 
$
192,664

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Additional Paid in Capital
 
Accumulated
Distributions in
Excess of Net (Loss) Income
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2016

 
$

 
$
1,534,018

 
$
(1,267,165
)
 
$
266,853

Net loss

 

 

 
(34,928
)
 
(34,928
)
Issuance of common shares and reduction in carryover basis in connection with separation from InvenTrust
862,205,672

 
8,622

 
(85,205
)
 

 
(76,583
)
Repurchase of common shares, net
(191,251
)
 
(2
)
 
(67
)
 

 
(69
)
Share-based compensation
2,876,546

 
29

 
1,007

 

 
1,036

Distributions to InvenTrust

 

 
(129,853
)
 

 
(129,853
)
Contributions from InvenTrust

 

 
85,358

 

 
85,358

Balance at June 30, 2016
864,890,967

 
$
8,649

 
$
1,405,258

 
$
(1,302,093
)
 
$
111,814



See accompanying notes to the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.

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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow
(Dollar amounts in thousands)
For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
(unaudited)
 
Six months ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
10,516

 
15,261

Amortization of above and below market leases, net
(209
)
 
(625
)
Amortization of debt discounts and financing costs
67

 
108

Straight-line rental income
88

 
1,437

Gain on extinguishment of debt
(116,900
)
 

Loss on sale of investment properties, net
3

 

Provision for asset impairment
712

 
42,615

Write off of bad debts
220

 

Non-cash stock-based compensation expense
1,438

 
1,850

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted escrows
(4,406
)
 
(240
)
Accounts and rents receivable
41

 
(1,531
)
Deferred costs and other assets
(2,038
)
 
(3,233
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
9,070

 
933

Other liabilities
(932
)
 
(488
)
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
$
6,236

 
$
21,159

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures and tenant improvements
(480
)
 
(422
)
Investment in development
(796
)
 

Payment of leasing fees
(187
)
 
(437
)
Restricted escrows and other assets
(130
)
 

Net cash flows used in investing activities
$
(1,593
)
 
$
(859
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Restricted escrows
4,290

 

Distributions to InvenTrust

 
(63,206
)
Contributions from InvenTrust

 
67,444

Payoff of mortgage and note payable
(30,273
)
 
(15,062
)
Principal payments of mortgage debt
(4,933
)
 
(11,063
)
Repurchase of common shares

 
(69
)
Payment for tax withholding for share-based compensation
(994
)
 
(814
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
$
(31,910
)
 
$
(22,770
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(27,267
)
 
(2,470
)
Cash and cash equivalents, at beginning of period
57,129

 
26,972

Cash and cash equivalents, at end of period
$
29,862

 
$
24,502


See accompanying notes to the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.

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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow
(Dollar amounts in thousands)

For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
(unaudited)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest
$
4,715

 
$
10,596

Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Mortgage loans payable and related obligations settled
$
215,098

 
$

Real estate transferred
$
(98,229
)
 
$

Change in allocation of InvenTrust unsecured credit facility
$

 
$
(17,914
)
Distribution of assets and liabilities of zero and four assets, respectively, to InvenTrust, net
$

 
$
66,647

Reduction in carryover basis in connection with separation from InvenTrust
$

 
$
76,583



See accompanying notes to the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.

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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017


The accompanying Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Readers of this Quarterly Report should refer to the audited combined consolidated financial statements of Highlands REIT, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2016, which are included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission by Highlands REIT, Inc. on March 27, 2017, as certain note disclosures contained in such audited combined consolidated financial statements have been omitted from this Report. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals, except as otherwise noted) necessary for a fair presentation have been included in these financial statements.
1. Organization
Highlands REIT, Inc. (“Highlands”) is a Maryland corporation with a portfolio of single- and multi-tenant office assets, industrial assets, retail assets, correctional facilities, unimproved land and a bank branch. Prior to April 28, 2016, Highlands was a wholly owned subsidiary of InvenTrust Properties Corp. (“InvenTrust” and formerly known as Inland American Real Estate Trust, Inc.).
On April 28, 2016, Highlands was spun-off from InvenTrust through a pro rata distribution by InvenTrust of 100% of the outstanding shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), of Highlands to holders of record of InvenTrust’s common stock as of the close of business on April 25, 2016 (the “Record Date”). Each holder of record of InvenTrust’s common stock received one share of Common Stock for every one share of InvenTrust’s common stock held at the close of business on the Record Date (the “Distribution”). As a result, Highlands became an independent, self-advised, non-traded public company. Highlands intends to be taxed as, and operate in a manner that will allow it to qualify as, a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes. In connection with the Distribution, Highlands entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, Transition Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement with InvenTrust. Refer to Notes 4 and 11 for more details.
Prior to the Distribution, Highlands had not conducted any business as a separate company and had no material assets or liabilities. The operations transferred to Highlands by InvenTrust are presented as if the transferred business was Highlands’ business for all historical periods presented in the accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements and at the carrying value of such assets and liabilities reflected in InvenTrust’s books and records. Upon the Distribution, Highlands recorded the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on InvenTrust’s basis as of the date of the Distribution. Accordingly, Highlands recorded a reduction in the basis of investment properties of $76,583 at the time of the Distribution. The reduction in basis was related to an impairment loss that InvenTrust recorded upon the disposal of Highlands as part of the Distribution.
The accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Highlands and its predecessors, as well as all of Highlands’ wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”). Wholly owned subsidiaries generally consist of limited liability companies (LLCs) and limited partnerships (LPs). The effects of all significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated.
Each asset is owned by a separate legal entity, which maintains its own books and financial records, and each entity’s assets are not available to satisfy the liabilities of other affiliated entities, except as otherwise disclosed in Note 5.
As of June 30, 2017, the Company owned 15 assets and four parcels of unimproved land, for which the operating activity is reflected on the condensed combined consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. As of December 31, 2016, the Company owned 17 assets and four parcels of land, for which the operating activity is reflected in the condensed combined consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance GAAP and require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities with disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed combined consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

Refer to the Company’s audited combined consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016 included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on March 27, 2017 (the “Annual Report”), as certain note disclosures contained in such audited financial statements have been omitted from these interim condensed combined consolidated financial statements.
Basis of Presentation
As described in Note 1, on April 28, 2016, Highlands was spun off from InvenTrust. Prior to the Distribution, the accompanying historical condensed combined consolidated financial statements did not represent the financial position and results of a single legal entity, but rather a combination of entities under common control that had been “carved out” of InvenTrust’s consolidated financial statements and reflected significant assumptions and allocations. The condensed combined consolidated financial statements reflect the operations of certain assets and liabilities that had been historically held by InvenTrust, but which were specifically identifiable or attributable to the Company. Prior to the Distribution, the accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements included allocations of costs from certain corporate and shared functions provided to the Company by InvenTrust. InvenTrust allocated to the Company a portion of corporate overhead costs incurred by InvenTrust based upon the Company’s percentage share of the average invested assets of InvenTrust, which is reflected in general and administrative expense. As InvenTrust managed various asset portfolios, the extent of services and benefits a portfolio received was based on the size of its assets. Therefore, using average invested assets to allocate costs was a reasonable reflection of the services and other benefits received by the Company and complied with applicable accounting guidance. InvenTrust also allocated to the Company a portion of InvenTrust’s unsecured credit facility and the related interest expense. The unsecured credit facility was subject to a borrowing base consisting of a pool of unencumbered assets. To the extent the Company’s assets were included within the pool of unencumbered assets, the Company was allocated a portion of the unsecured credit facility. However, actual costs may have differed from allocated costs if the Company had operated as a standalone entity during such period and those differences may have been material.
Prior to the Distribution, the condensed combined consolidated financial statements included transactions in which ordinary course cash transactions were processed by InvenTrust due to InvenTrust’s centralized cash management process on behalf of the Company, such as the repayment of debt, rental receipts and payables in the ordinary course of business, resulting in intercompany transactions between the Company and InvenTrust. These ordinary course intercompany transactions are considered to be effectively settled at the time of the Company’s separation from InvenTrust. Accordingly, these transactions are reflected as distributions to and contributions from InvenTrust in the condensed combined consolidated statements of cash flow as a financing activity. For the period subsequent to the spin-off from InvenTrust, the condensed combined consolidated financial statements reflect the Company’s financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with GAAP.
Share Based Compensation
In accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718, Accounting for Share Based Compensation, companies are required to recognize in the income statement the grant-date fair value of stock options and other equity based compensation issued to employees. Under Topic 718, the way an award is classified will affect the measurement of compensation cost. Equity classified awards are measured at grant date fair value, and amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the stock and are not subsequently re-measured. The cost of the share based payments that are fully vested at the grant date are measured and recognized at that date.
Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing the net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period.


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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014 , the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core objective of ASU No. 2014-09 is for an entity to recognize revenue based on the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for goods or services. Additionally, this ASU requires entities to use a single model in accounting for revenues derived from contracts with customers. ASU No. 2014-09 replaces prior guidance regarding the recognition of revenue from sales of real estate, except for revenue from sales that are part of a sale-leaseback transaction. The provisions of ASU No. 2014-09, as amended in subsequently issued amendments, are effective for us on January 1, 2018, and are required to be applied either on a retrospective or a modified retrospective approach. The Company has formed a project team to evaluate and work to implement the standard. In identifying all of our revenue streams, the majority of our revenues result from leasing transactions which are not within the scope of the new standard and will be governed by the recently issued leasing guidance (see ASU No. 2016-02 below). The Company does not believe the new revenue guidance will have a material impact on its recognition and disclosure of revenue. The Company currently expects to adopt the standard in the first quarter of 2018 using the modified retrospective approach.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, amending the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting. ASU 2016-02 will be effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted as of the standard’s issuance date. The Company intends to adopt the new standard on its effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of ASU 2016-02 on its combined consolidated financial statements and believes substantially all of our leases will continue to be classified as operating leases under the new standard. Subsequent to our adoption of the new standard, common area maintenance provided in our real estate contracts will be accounted for as a non-lease component within the scope of the new revenue standard. As a result, we will be required to recognize revenues associated with our real estate leases separately from revenues associated with common area maintenance. We are continuing to evaluate whether the variable payment provisions of the new lease standard or the allocation and recognition provisions of the new revenue standard will affect the timing of recognition of for our lease and non-lease revenue. In addition, due to the new standard’s narrowed definition of initial direct costs, we expect to expense as incurred significant lease origination costs currently capitalized as initial direct costs and amortized to expense over the lease term.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. ASU 2016-15 addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing diversity in practice. The cash flow issues include debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs and proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims. The ASU is effective for interim and annual reporting periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. We do not expect that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on our combined consolidated financial statements.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Classification and Presentation of Restricted Cash in the Statement of Cash Flows. ASU 2016-18 requires an explanation in the cash flow statement of a change in the total of (1) total cash, (2) cash equivalents, and (3) restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. The ASU is effective for interim and annual reporting periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. We do not expect that the adoption of this ASU will have a material impact on our combined consolidated financial statements.
In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Scope of Modification Accounting. ASU 2017-09 clarifies when changes to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award must be accounted for as modifications. The guidance is effective prospectively for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those fiscal years, and early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the adoption of ASU 2017-09 will have a material impact on our financial statements.



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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017


Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Accounting, which requires that all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies related to stock based compensation arrangements must be recognized in the income statement as they occur as opposed to the current guidance where excess tax benefits are recorded in equity. ASU 2016-09 also allows entities to make an accounting policy election to either continue to estimate forfeitures on stock based compensation arrangements or to account for forfeitures as they occur. ASU 2016-09 also allows an employer with statutory income tax withholding obligations to withhold shares with a fair value up to the amount of tax owed using the maximum statutory tax rate in the employee’s applicable jurisdiction. The Company adopted ASU 2016-09 effective on April 1, 2016.
3. Disposed Assets
On February 19, 2016, the Company distributed the assets and liabilities associated with four retail assets to InvenTrust. The distribution was recorded at carrying value due to common control, and the Company did not realize any gain or loss on disposal. The distribution is reflected as a non-cash distribution in the condensed combined consolidated statements of cash flow for the six months ended June 30, 2016.    
On April 10, 2017, the Company conveyed its Dulles Executive Plaza asset to its lenders via a deed of assumption and the non-recourse Commercial Mortgage-Backed Security (“CMBS”) debt was fully extinguished. Upon conveyance of the property, the Company was fully released from its nonrecourse indebtedness, had no further continuing obligations to the lender, and conveyed the usual risks and rewards of ownership. The Company recognized a gain upon debt extinguishment in the amount of $4.3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.
On April 20, 2017, the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset was sold via sheriff's sale as part of the foreclosure process, which was approved by the court on May 18, 2017. The court appointed receiver was discharged on July 6, 2017. As a result of the foreclosure sale, the Company satisfied its nonrecourse indebtedness, had no further continuing obligations to the lender, and conveyed the usual risks and rewards of ownership. The Company recognized a gain on the extinguishment of debt in the amount of $112.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017.
There were no assets that qualified as discontinued operations during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.
4. Transactions with Related Parties
The following table summarizes the Company’s related party transactions for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
General and administrative expense allocation (a)
$

 
$
576

 
$

 
$
3,324

Transition services fees (b)
$

 
$
51

 
$

 
$
51

(a)
Prior to the Distribution, general and administrative expense includes allocations of costs from certain corporate and shared functions provided to the Company by InvenTrust. InvenTrust allocated to the Company a portion of corporate overhead costs incurred by InvenTrust, which was based upon the Company’s percentage share of the average invested assets of InvenTrust. As InvenTrust managed various asset portfolios, the extent of services and benefits a portfolio received was based on the size of its assets. The Company believes that using average invested assets to allocate costs is a reasonable reflection of the services and other benefits received by the Company and complies with applicable accounting guidance. However, actual costs may have differed from allocated costs if the Company had operated as a standalone entity during such period and those differences may have been material. Subsequent to the Distribution, the Company was not allocated any costs by InvenTrust.


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HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

(b)
In connection with the Distribution, the Company entered into the Transition Services Agreement with InvenTrust, under which InvenTrust agreed to provide certain transition services to the Company, including services related to information technology systems, financial reporting and accounting and legal services. There was a flat monthly fee per service and all services provided in the agreement terminated by December 31, 2016.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

5. Debt
Mortgages Payable
Mortgage loans outstanding as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were $164,310 and $381,981, respectively, and had a weighted average interest rate of 5.20% and 8.27% per annum, respectively. Deferred financing costs, net, as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were $818 and $1,741, respectively.
As of June 30, 2017, scheduled maturities for the Company’s outstanding mortgage indebtedness had various due dates through December 2026, as follows:
For the year ended December 31,
As of June 30, 2017
 
Weighted average
interest rate
2017
$
108,083

 
5.34
%
2018

 
%
2019

 
%
2020

 
%
2021
20,084

 
5.25
%
Thereafter
36,143

 
5.20
%
Total
$
164,310

 
5.20
%
The Company’s ability to pay off mortgages when they become due is dependent upon the Company’s ability either to refinance the related mortgage debt or to sell the related asset. With respect to each loan, if the applicable wholly owned property-owning subsidiary is unable to refinance or sell the related asset, or in the event that the estimated asset value is less than the mortgage balance, the applicable wholly owned property-owning subsidiary may, if appropriate, satisfy a mortgage obligation by transferring title of the asset to the lender or permitting a lender to foreclose. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, no debt is recourse to the Company, although Highlands or its subsidiaries may act as guarantor under customary, non-recourse carveout clauses in our wholly owned property-owning subsidiaries’ mortgage loans. Some of the mortgage loans require compliance with certain covenants, such as debt service ratios, investment restrictions and distribution limitations. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, other than otherwise disclosed in this Note 5, the Company is in compliance with such covenants in all material respects.
With respect to the Company’s former Dulles Executive Plaza asset, on August 23, 2016, we received notice from the special servicer that the loan went into default. On April 10, 2017, the Company conveyed this asset to its lenders via a deed of assumption and the $68,750 nonrecourse debt was fully extinguished. The Company recognized a gain upon debt extinguishment of $4,300 in connection with this transaction. The property is no longer owned by Highlands. Prior to the conveyance, the lender had triggered full cash management whereby neither the property owner nor the property manager collected any rents or other revenues, but only administered payment of operating expenses.
On August 19, 2016, C-III Asset Management LLC filed a foreclosure complaint in respect of the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois.  On September 12, 2016, the Circuit Court entered an order appointing a receiver to manage the property during the pendency of the foreclosure proceedings.  On April 20, 2017, the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset was sold via sheriff's sale as part of the foreclosure process, which sale was approved by the court on May 18, 2017. The court appointed receiver was discharged on July 6, 2017. As a result of the foreclosure sale, the Company satisfied its mortgage obligations for AT&T-Hoffman Estates and recognized a gain on the extinguishment of debt of $112,600 in connection with this transaction.
The mortgage debt on Sherman Plaza was paid off on February 1, 2017. Prior to the payoff, all rental payments were being “swept” and held by the lender; however, the lender remitted excess cash to the Company for its general use after the debt service payment had been paid.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

The amount maturing in 2017 represents the mortgage loan related to our AT&T-St. Louis asset which entered into default during 2016. On October 1, 2016, the property went into “cash trap.” All income from the asset is being “swept” by the lender, used to pay debt service and other charges, and to the extent income exceeds such charges the Company receives a lender-approved reimbursement for operating expenses associated with the property. Additional funds, if any, are held by the lender as additional collateral for the loan. On March 15, 2017, the Company received notice that the loan in respect of the AT&T-St. Louis asset had been transferred to special servicing. The Company intends to satisfy its mortgage obligations by permitting the lender to foreclose on the property. On June 23, 2017, the Company entered into an agreement with its lender, which allows the lender to accelerate the maturity of the mortgage, appoint a receiver to assume control of the property and proceed with the foreclosure of the property. On August 1, 2017, we received notice that our lenders set a schedule to complete the disposition and sale of the asset by August 22, 2017, however the Company cannot guarantee the specific date upon which the entire foreclosure process will be completed.
Note Payable
On May 1, 2014, a subsidiary of the Company entered into a note payable in the amount of $32,908 with InvenTrust, which matured on demand. The note payable was non-amortizing with an interest rate of 8.50%. Such interest was payable on demand or, until such time as demand was made, monthly in arrears, beginning on June 1, 2014 and continuing on the first day of each month thereafter until the note had been paid in full. On March 25, 2016, the outstanding principal balance of $15,062 and accrued interest of $89 was repaid in full.
6. Fair Value Measurements
In accordance with ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement and Disclosures, the Company defines fair value based on the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or the exit price that would be paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes observable and unobservable inputs used to measure fair value. The fair value hierarchy consists of three broad levels, which are described below:
Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity has the ability to access.
Level 2 - Observable inputs, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, such as quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets and liabilities in markets that are not active; or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data.
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets and liabilities. This includes certain pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies and similar techniques that use significant unobservable inputs.
The Company has estimated fair value using available market information and valuation methodologies the Company believes to be appropriate for these purposes. Considerable judgment and a high degree of subjectivity are involved in developing these estimates and, accordingly, they are not necessarily indicative of amounts that would be realized upon disposition.
Non-Recurring Measurements
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company identified certain assets which may have a reduction in the expected holding period, which represented an impairment trigger, and recorded an impairment of investment properties of $712 on one of the land parcels and one of the multi-tenant office assets. The following table presents these assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of June 30, 2017 aggregated by the level within the fair value hierarchy in which those measurements fall. Methods and assumptions used to estimate the fair value of these assets are described after the table.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

 
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Provision for impairment
Investment properties
$

 
$

 
$
8,750

(a)
$
8,750

 
$
712

(a)
The estimate of fair value of the land parcel and retail asset was based on recent negotiations for the sale of these assets to third parties.    
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company recognized a $42,615 provision for asset impairment on two net lease assets.
 
 
 
Fair Value
 
 
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
 
Provision for impairment
Investment properties
$

 
$

 
$
37,703

(a)
$
37,703

 
$
42,615

(a)
Represents the fair values of two net lease assets. The estimated fair value relating to the investment properties’ impairment analysis was based on ten-year discounted cash flow models, which includes contractual inflows and outflows over a specific holding period. The cash flows consist of observable inputs such as contractual revenues and unobservable inputs such as forecasted revenues and expenses. These unobservable inputs are based on market conditions and the Company’s expected growth rates. Capitalization rates were 7.50% and discount rates ranging from 7.50% to 9.50% were utilized in the model and are based upon observable rates that the Company believes to be within a reasonable range of current market rates.
Financial Instruments Not Measured at Fair Value
The table below represents the fair value of financial instruments presented at carrying values in the condensed combined consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2017.
 
June 30, 2017
 
 
Carrying Value
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Mortgages payable
$
164,310

 
$
89,555

 
The Company typically estimates the fair value of its debt instruments using a weighted average market effective interest rate of 4.43% per annum as of June 30, 2017. The Company estimates the fair value of its mortgages payable by discounting the anticipated future cash flows of each instrument at rates currently offered to the Company by its lenders for similar debt instruments of comparable maturities. The rates used are based on credit spreads observed in the marketplace during the quarter for similar debt instruments, and a floor rate that the Company has derived using its subjective judgment for each asset segment. Based on this, the Company determines the appropriate rate for each of its individual mortgages payable based upon the specific terms of the agreement, including the term to maturity, the quality and nature of the underlying property and its leverage ratio. The weighted average market effective interest rates used range from 4.10% to 5.24%  as of June 30, 2017. For certain debt, the Company estimates the fair value of debt instruments based on the fair value of the underlying collateral. The assumptions reflect the terms currently available on similar borrowing terms to borrowers with credit profiles similar to the Company’s. The Company has determined that its debt instrument valuations are classified in Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.
7. Income Taxes
The Company intends to be taxed as, and operate in a manner that will allow the Company to qualify as, a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes beginning with the Company’s short taxable year commencing immediately prior to the Company’s separation from InvenTrust and ending on December 31, 2016. So long as it qualifies as a REIT, the Company generally will not be subject to federal income tax on taxable income that is distributed to stockholders. A REIT is subject to a number of organizational and operational requirements including a requirement that it currently distribute at least 90% of its


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

REIT taxable income (excluding capital gains) to its stockholders each year. If the Company fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, without the benefit of certain relief provisions, the Company will be subject to federal and state income tax on its taxable income at regular corporate tax rates and would not be able to re-elect REIT status during the four years following the year of the failure. Even if the Company qualifies for taxation as a REIT, the Company may be subject to certain state and local taxes on its income, property or net worth and federal income and excise taxes on its undistributed income.
During the three months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, an income tax benefit of $9 and expense of $234, respectively, was included in the condensed combined consolidated statements of operations.
During the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, an income tax benefit of $7 and expense of $238, respectively, was included in the condensed combined consolidated statements of operations.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

8. Segment Reporting
The Company currently has three business segments, consisting of (i) Net Lease, (ii) Retail and (iii) Multi-Tenant Office. The net lease segment consists of single-tenant office and industrial assets, as well as the Company’s correctional facilities. The Company’s unimproved land is presented below in Other.
Approximately 25.6% of the Company’s revenue from continuing operations for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was generated by the Company’s AT&T-St. Louis net lease asset. The term of the lease on the AT&T-St. Louis asset is scheduled to expire on September 30, 2017 and the Company does not expect the tenant to renew the lease.
The following table summarizes net property operations income by segment for the three months ended June 30, 2017.
 
Total
 
Net Lease
 
Retail
 
Multi-Tenant
Office
 
Other
Rental income
$
12,596

 
$
7,181

 
$
4,052

 
$
1,363

 
$

Tenant recovery income
2,084

 
105

 
1,970

 
9

 

Other property income
204

 
51

 
12

 
127

 
14

Total income
14,884

 
7,337

 
6,034

 
1,499

 
14

Operating expenses
3,895

 
524

 
2,160

 
938

 
273

Net operating income (loss)
$
10,989

 
$
6,813

 
$
3,874

 
$
561

 
$
(259
)
Non-allocated expenses (a)
(7,472
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income and expenses (b)
(4,296
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for asset impairment (c)
(712
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on sale of investment properties

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on extinguishment of debt (d)
116,900

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
115,409

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a)
Non-allocated expenses consist of general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization.
(b)
Other income and expenses consist of other income, interest income, interest expense, loss on sale of investment properties, and income tax expense.
(c)
Provision for asset impairment is for one other related asset and one multi-tenant office asset.
(d)
Gain on extinguishment of debt is related to one net lease and one multi-tenant office asset. Refer to Notes 3 and 5 for additional information.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

The following table summarizes net property operations income by segment for the three months ended June 30, 2016.
 
Total
 
Net Lease
 
Retail
 
Multi-Tenant
Office
 
Other
Rental income
$
22,290

 
$
14,586

 
$
4,220

 
$
3,484

 
$

Tenant recovery income
2,485

 
688

 
1,688

 
109

 

Other property income
60

 
143

 
(8
)
 
(87
)
 
12

Total income
24,835

 
15,417

 
5,900

 
3,506

 
12

Operating expenses
3,734

 
894

 
1,812

 
821

 
207

Net operating income (loss)
$
21,101

 
$
14,523

 
$
4,088

 
$
2,685

 
$
(195
)
Non-allocated expenses (a)
(11,217
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income and expenses (b)
(6,504
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for asset impairment (c)
(42,615
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(39,235
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a)
Non-allocated expenses consists of general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization.
(b)
Other income and expenses consists of other income, interest income, interest expense, loss on sale of investment properties, and income tax expense.
(c)
Provision for asset impairment is related to two net lease assets.
The following table summarizes net property operations income by segment for the six months ended June 30, 2017.
 
Total
 
Net Lease
 
Retail
 
Multi-Tenant
Office
 
Other
Rental income
$
27,359

 
$
14,744

 
$
8,172

 
$
4,443

 
$

Tenant recovery income
3,667

 
193

 
3,486

 
(56
)
 
44

Other property income
693

 
60

 
407

 
208

 
18

Total income
31,719

 
14,997

 
12,065

 
4,595

 
62

Operating expenses
10,542

 
3,089

 
4,382

 
2,338

 
733

Net operating income (loss)
$
21,177

 
$
11,908

 
$
7,683

 
$
2,257

 
$
(671
)
Non-allocated expenses (a)
(17,174
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income and expenses (b)
(11,622
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for asset impairment (c)
(712
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss on sale of investment properties
(3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on extinguishment of debt (d)
116,900

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
108,566

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate assets, net (e)
$
326,880

 
$
94,643

 
$
150,315

 
$
50,436

 
$
31,486

Non-segmented assets (f)
44,483

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
371,363

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
1,225

 
$

 
$
150

 
$
1,028

 
$
47

(a)
Non-allocated expenses consists of general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization.
(b)
Other income and expenses consists of other income, interest income, interest expense, loss on sale of investment properties, and income tax expense.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

(c)
Provision for asset impairment is for one other related asset and one multi-tenant office asset.
(d)
Gain on extinguishment of debt is related to one net lease and one multi-tenant office related assets. Refer to Notes 3 and 5 for additional information.
(e)
Real estate assets include intangible assets, net of amortization.
(f)
Non-segmented assets include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrows, accounts and rents receivable and deferred costs and other assets.
The following table summarizes net property operations income by segment for the six months ended June 30, 2016.
 
Total
 
Net Lease
 
Retail
 
Multi-Tenant
Office
 
Other
Rental income
$
45,716

 
$
29,208

 
$
9,419

 
$
7,089

 
$

Tenant recovery income
5,436

 
1,537

 
3,530

 
369

 

Other property income
281

 
277

 
61

 
(76
)
 
19

Total income
51,433

 
31,022

 
13,010

 
7,382

 
19

Operating expenses
8,363

 
1,865

 
4,424

 
1,728

 
346

Net operating income (loss)
$
43,070

 
$
29,157

 
$
8,586

 
$
5,654

 
$
(327
)
Non-allocated expenses (a)
(22,328
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income and expenses (b)
(13,055
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision for asset impairment (c)
(42,615
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss from continuing operations
$
(34,928
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet Data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real estate assets, net (d)
$
490,357

 
$
215,763

 
$
156,966

 
$
86,002

 
$
31,626

Non-segmented assets (e)
46,982

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
537,339

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
422

 
$

 
$
422

 
$

 
$

 
(a)
Non-allocated expenses consists of general and administrative expenses and depreciation and amortization.
(b)
Other income and expenses consists of loss on sale of investment properties, other income, interest expense and income tax expense.
(c)
Provision for asset impairment is related to two net lease assets.
(d)
Real estate assets include intangible assets, net of amortization.
(e)
Non-segmented assets include cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash and escrows, accounts and rents receivable and deferred costs and other assets.


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

9. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus any additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the dilutive potential common shares had been issued.
The following table reconciles net income (loss) to basic and diluted EPS (in thousands, except share and per share data):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
115,409

 
$
(39,235
)
 
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
868,272,875

 
863,975,978

 
866,939,369

 
863,975,978

Basic and diluted (loss) income per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per common share
$
0.13

 
$
(0.05
)
 
$
0.13

 
$
(0.04
)


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

10. Share Based Compensation
Incentive Award Plan
During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company granted 3,454,761 fully vested shares of common stock with an aggregate value of $1,209 based on a estimated fair value per share of $0.35. Under the guidance of ASC 718, 1,940,476 shares of common stock awards granted were treated as a modification of the terms of the original awards for two of the Company’s executive officers, resulting in an increase in compensation expense of $650 at the modification date. Under the Highlands REIT, Inc. 2016 Incentive Award Plan (“the Incentive Award Plan”), the Company is authorized to grant up to 43,000,000 shares of common stock pursuant to awards under the plan. At June 30, 201731,489,683 shares were available for future issuance under the Incentive Award Plan. A summary of the Company’s stock awards activity for the six months ended June 30, 2017, is as follows:
Non-Vested stock awards
 
Stock Awards (#)
 
Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value
Balance at January 1, 2017
 
2,916,667

 
0.36

Granted
 
3,454,761

 
0.35

Vested
 
(6,371,428
)
 
0.35

Forfeited
 

 

Balance at June 30, 2017
 

 
$

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $100 and $1,438, respectively, related to the Incentive Award Plan. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company paid $994 related to tax withholding for share-based compensation.
For the three and six months ended and June 30, 2016, the Company recognized stock-based compensation expense of $1,850, related to the Incentive Award Plan. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, the Company paid $814 related to tax withholding for share-based compensation.
11. Commitments and Contingencies
The Company is subject, from time to time, to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. While the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, management believes, based on currently available information, that the final outcome of such matters will not have a material adverse effect on the financial statements of the Company.
In addition, in connection with the Company’s separation from InvenTrust, on April 14, 2016, the Company entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement, and on April 28, 2016, the Company entered into a Transition Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement, each with InvenTrust. Pursuant to the Separation and Distribution Agreement, Highlands has agreed to indemnify, defend and hold harmless InvenTrust and its affiliates and each of their respective current or former stockholders, directors, officers, agents and employees and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns from and against all liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from (i) the liabilities assumed by Highlands in the Separation and Distribution Agreement, Transition Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement, (ii) any breach by Highlands or any of its subsidiaries of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, Transition Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement (iii) losses arising from third party claims relating to the separation and distribution and (iv) any untrue statement or alleged untrue statement of a material fact or omission or alleged omission to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary to make the statements therein not misleading, with respect to all information contained in the Registration Statement, other than specified information relating to and provided by InvenTrust (the “Specified InvenTrust Information”). Similarly, InvenTrust has agreed to indemnify, defend and hold harmless Highlands and its affiliates and each of their respective current or former stockholders, directors, officers, agents and employees and their respective heirs, executors, administrators, successors and assigns from and against all liabilities relating to, arising out of or resulting from (i) the liabilities assumed by InvenTrust in the Separation and Distribution Agreement, Transition Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement, (ii) any breach by InvenTrust or any of its subsidiaries of the Separation and Distribution Agreement, Transition


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Table of Contents
HIGHLANDS REIT, INC.
Notes to Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
(Dollar amounts stated in thousands)
June 30, 2017

Services Agreement and Employee Matters Agreement and (iii) the Specified InvenTrust Information. InvenTrust and Highlands will not be deemed to be affiliates of the other for purposes of determining the above described indemnification obligations.
Highlands has also agreed to indemnify InvenTrust against all taxes related to the Company, its subsidiaries and its assets, including taxes attributable to periods prior to the separation and distribution. InvenTrust has agreed to indemnify the Company for any taxes attributable to failure by InvenTrust or MB REIT (Florida), Inc., a subsidiary of Highlands, to qualify as a REIT for any taxable year ending on or before December 31, 2016.


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, other than purely historical information, are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). These statements include statements about Highlands’ plans, objectives, strategies, financial performance and outlook, trends, the amount and timing of future cash distributions, prospects or future events and involve known and unknown risks that are difficult to predict. As a result, our actual financial results, performance, achievements or prospects may differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “could,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “seek,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “guidance,” “predict,” “potential,” “continue,” “likely,” “will,” “would,” “illustrative” and variations of these terms and similar expressions, or the negative of these terms or similar expressions. Such forward-looking statements are necessarily based upon estimates and assumptions that, while considered reasonable by Highlands and its management based on their knowledge and understanding of the business and industry, are inherently uncertain. These statements are not guarantees of future performance, and stockholders should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. There are a number of risks, uncertainties and other important factors, many of which are beyond our control, that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Such risks, uncertainties and other important factors include, among others: the risks, uncertainties and factors set forth in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K; business, financial and operating risks inherent to real estate investments and the industry; our ability to renew leases, lease vacant space, or re-let space as leases expire; our ability to repay or refinance our debt as it comes due; difficulty selling or re-leasing our properties due to their specific characteristics as described elsewhere in this report; the business, financial and operating risks inherent to real estate investments; contraction in the global economy or low levels of economic growth; our ability to sell our assets at a price and on a timeline consistent with our investment objectives, or at all; our ability to service our debt; changes in interest rates and operating costs; compliance with regulatory regimes and local laws; uninsured or underinsured losses, including those relating to natural disasters or terrorism; our status as an emerging growth company; the amount of debt that we currently have or may incur in the future; provisions in our debt agreements that may restrict the operation of our business; our separation from InvenTrust and our ability to operate as a stand-alone public reporting company; our organizational and governance structure; our status as a REIT; the cost of compliance with and liabilities under environmental, health and safety laws; adverse litigation judgments or settlements; the outcomes and projected length of the foreclosure proceedings currently pending relating to our assets; changes in real estate and zoning laws and increase in real property tax rates; changes in federal, state or local tax law, including legislative, administrative, regulatory or other actions affecting REITs; changes in governmental regulations or interpretations thereof; and estimates relating to our ability to make distributions to our stockholders in the future.
These factors are not necessarily all of the important factors that could cause our actual financial results, performance, achievements or prospects to differ materially from those expressed in or implied by any of our forward-looking statements. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could harm our results. All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements set forth above. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake or assume any obligation to update publicly any of these forward-looking statements to reflect actual results, new information or future events, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking statements, except to the extent required by applicable laws.


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If we update one or more forward-looking statements, no inference should be drawn that we will make additional updates with respect to those or other forward-looking statements. 
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the Company’s Condensed Combined Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes, which appear elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Overview
On April 28, 2016, Highlands REIT, Inc., a Maryland corporation (“Highlands”), was spun-off from InvenTrust Properties Corp., a Maryland corporation (“InvenTrust”), its former parent, through a pro rata distribution by InvenTrust of 100% of the outstanding shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share (the “Common Stock”), of Highlands to holders of record of InvenTrust’s common stock as of the close of business on April 25, 2016 (the “Record Date”). Each holder of record of InvenTrust’s common stock received one share of Common Stock for every one share of InvenTrust’s common stock held at the close of business on the Record Date (the “Distribution”). As a result, the Company became an independent, self-advised, non-traded public company. Highlands intends to be taxed as, and operate in a manner that will allow the Company to qualify as a real estate investment trust (“REIT”) for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our short taxable year ending December 31, 2016.
As of June 30, 2017, our portfolio of assets consisted of four office assets, two industrial assets, six retail assets, two correctional facilities, four parcels of unimproved land and one bank branch. References to the “Company,” “we” or “us” are to Highlands and its predecessors, as well as all of Highlands’ wholly owned subsidiaries.
Our investment objectives are to preserve, protect and maximize the total value of our portfolio with the long term objective of providing stockholders with a return on their investment. Given the nature of the assets in our portfolio, we expect that this strategy will take multiple years to develop and execute. We engage in rigorous asset management, and will seek to sustain and enhance our portfolio, and improve the quality and income-producing ability of our portfolio, by engaging in selective dispositions, acquisitions, capital expenditures, financing, refinancing and enhanced leasing. We are also focused on cost containment efforts across our portfolio, and improving its overall capital structure. We intend to hold our assets until such time as we determine that a sale or other disposition achieves our investment objectives or until it appears such objectives will not be met. There can be no assurance that future dispositions will occur as planned, or if they occur, that they will meet our investment objectives.
We currently have three business segments, consisting of (i) net lease, (ii) retail and (iii) multi-tenant office. Our unimproved land is presented in “other.” We may have additional or fewer segments in the future to the extent we enter into additional real property sectors, dispose of property sectors, or change the character of our assets. For the complete presentation of our reportable segments, see Note 8 to our condensed combined consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.
Separation from InvenTrust
As a result of the Distribution, we and InvenTrust operate separately, each as an independent company. In connection with and in order to effectuate our separation from InvenTrust and the Distribution, we and InvenTrust entered into a Separation and Distribution Agreement. In addition, we entered into various other agreements with InvenTrust to effect the separation and provide a framework for our relationship with InvenTrust post-separation, such as a Transition Services Agreement and an Employee Matters Agreement. These agreements provide for the allocation between us and InvenTrust of InvenTrust’s assets, liabilities and obligations (including its properties, employees and tax-related assets and liabilities) attributable to periods prior to, at and after our separation from InvenTrust and govern certain relationships between us and InvenTrust after the Distribution.
Basis of Presentation
Prior to the Distribution, Highlands was a wholly owned subsidiary of InvenTrust. InvenTrust effectuated certain reorganization transactions which were designed to consolidate the ownership of Highlands’ asset portfolio as of the effective time of the Distribution into Highlands, transfer four retail assets previously owned directly or indirectly by legal entities that are now subsidiaries of Highlands to InvenTrust, facilitate our separation from InvenTrust and the Distribution and enable us to qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes commencing with our short taxable year ending December 31, 2016. The accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the spin-off have been “carved out” of InvenTrust’s consolidated financial statements and give effect to the completion of the reorganization transactions other than, for periods prior to February 19, 2016, the distribution of four retail assets by a current Highlands subsidiary to


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InvenTrust. The distribution of the four retail assets was completed on February 19, 2016, and is reflected in the accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements as having occurred on such date. The accompanying condensed combined consolidated financial statements prior to the Distribution reflect significant assumptions and allocations, which, among other things, includes allocations of costs from certain corporate and shared functions provided to us by InvenTrust. The allocation methods for corporate and shared services costs vary by function but were generally based on historical costs of assets. InvenTrust allocated to us a portion of corporate overhead costs incurred by InvenTrust based upon our percentage share of the average invested assets of InvenTrust, which is reflected in general and administrative expense. As InvenTrust managed various asset portfolios, the extent of services and benefits a portfolio received was based on the size of its assets. We believe that using average invested assets to allocate costs was a reasonable reflection of the services and other benefits received by us and complies with applicable accounting guidance. InvenTrust also allocated to us a portion of InvenTrust’s unsecured credit facility and the related interest expense. The unsecured credit facility was subject to a borrowing base consisting of a pool of unencumbered assets. To the extent our assets were included within the pool of unencumbered assets, we were allocated a portion of the unsecured credit facility. However, actual costs may have differed from allocated costs if we had operated as a stand-alone entity during such period and those differences may have been material.
Prior to the Distribution, our financial statements also include transactions in which ordinary course cash transactions have been processed by InvenTrust due to InvenTrust’s centralized cash management process on our behalf, such as the repayment of debt, rental receipts and payables in the ordinary course of business, resulting in intercompany transactions between InvenTrust and us. These ordinary course intercompany transactions are considered to be effectively settled at the time of our separation from InvenTrust. Accordingly, these transactions are reflected as distributions to and contributions from InvenTrust in the condensed combined consolidated financial statements.
Based on these presentation matters, our financial position, results of operations and cash flows may not be comparable as if we had operated as a stand-alone public reporting company. Accordingly, our historical results should not be relied upon as an indicator of future performance.
Our Revenues and Expenses
Revenues
Our revenues are primarily derived from rental income and expense recoveries we receive from our tenants under leases with us, including monthly rent and other property income pursuant to tenant leases. Tenant recovery income primarily consists of reimbursements for real estate taxes, common area maintenance costs, management fees and insurance costs.
Expenses
Our expenses consist of property operating expenses, real estate taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, general and administrative expenses and provision for asset impairment. Property operating expenses primarily consist of repair and maintenance, management fees, utilities and insurance (in each case, some of which are recoverable from the tenant).
Key Indicators of Operating Performance
We measure results of operations and the operating performance of our business by evaluating funds from operations (“FFO”). See “Selected Financial Data” for further discussion of the Company’s use, definitions and limitations of FFO.


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Results of Operations
Comparison of the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016
Key performance indicators are as follows:
 
As of June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Economic occupancy (a)
88.9
%
 
93.9
%
Rent per square foot (b)
$
14.18

 
$
13.85

(a)
Economic occupancy is defined as the percentage of total gross leasable area for which a tenant is obligated to pay rent under the terms of its lease agreement, regardless of the actual use or occupation by the tenant of the area being leased. Actual use may be less than economic square footage.
(b)
Rent per square foot is computed as annualized rent divided by the total occupied square footage at the end of the period. Annualized rent is computed as revenue for the last month of the period multiplied by twelve months. Annualized rent includes the effect of rent abatements, lease inducements and straight-line rent GAAP adjustments.
The decrease in occupancy is due to the lack of occupancy at one of the correctional facilities and a multi-tenant office asset.
Condensed Combined Consolidated Results of Operations  
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
For the Three months ended June 30,
 
 
 
For the Six months ended June 30,
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Increase
 
2017
 
2016
 
Increase
Net income (loss)
$
115,409

 
$
(39,235
)
 
$
154,644

 
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
 
$
143,494

Net income increased by $154.6 million to $115.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, from a net loss of $39.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016, primarily as a result of the gain on extinguishment of debt associated with the deed of assumption and foreclosure of the debt associated with the Dulles Executive Plaza and AT&T Hoffman Estates assets, in the amount of $4.3 million and $112.6 million, respectively. Increases were partially offset by the decrease in revenue associated with these properties being unoccupied during 2017, while being 100% occupied for the three months ended June 30, 2016.
Net income increased by $143.5 million to $108.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, from a net loss of $35 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 attributable to the factors discussed above.


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Operating Income and Expenses
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
For the Three months ended June 30,
 
Increase
 
 
 
For the Six months ended June 30,
 
Increase
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Decrease)
 
Variance
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Decrease)
 
Variance
Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rental income
$
12,596

 
$
22,290

 
$
(9,694
)
 
(43.5
)%
 
$
27,359

 
$
45,716

 
$
(18,357
)
 
(40.2
)%
Tenant recovery income
2,084

 
2,485

 
(401
)
 
(16.1
)%
 
3,667

 
5,436

 
(1,769
)
 
(32.5
)%
Other property income
204

 
60

 
144

 
240.0
 %
 
693

 
281

 
412

 
146.6
 %
Operating Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Property operating expenses
2,801

 
1,897

 
904

 
47.7
 %
 
5,987

 
4,101

 
1,886

 
46.0
 %
Real estate taxes
1,094

 
1,837

 
(743
)
 
(40.4
)%
 
4,555

 
4,262

 
293

 
6.9
 %
Depreciation and amortization
4,876

 
7,012

 
(2,136
)
 
(30.5
)%
 
10,500

 
15,246

 
(4,746
)
 
(31.1
)%
General and administrative expenses
2,596

 
4,205

 
(1,609
)
 
(38.3
)%
 
6,674

 
7,082

 
(408
)
 
(5.8
)%
Provision for asset impairment
712

 
42,615

 
(41,903
)
 
(98.3
)%
 
712

 
42,615

 
(41,903
)
 
(98.3
)%
Property Income and Operating Expenses
Rental income consists of monthly rent, straight-line rent adjustments, amortization of acquired above and below market leases, and other property income pursuant to tenant leases. Tenant recovery income consists of reimbursements for real estate taxes, common area maintenance costs, management fees, and insurance costs. Other property income consists of lease termination fees and other miscellaneous property income. Property operating expenses consist of regular repair and maintenance, management fees, utilities, and insurance (in each case, some of which are recoverable from the tenant).
Total property income decreased by $10.0 million in the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 as a result of changes in occupancy at a multi-tenant office asset and AT&T-Hoffman Estates. In addition, property income decreased due to the sale of the AT&T-Cleveland asset during the fourth quarter of 2016. The decrease in occupancy at AT&T-Hoffman Estates and two assets that were operated as net lease assets during the three months ended June 30, 2016, but as multi-tenant offices during the three months ended June 30, 2017, caused property operating expenses to increase $0.9 million, or 47.7%, when comparing the three months ended June 30, 2017 to the same period in 2016.
Total property income decreased by $19.7 million in the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 as a result of changes in occupancy at a multi-tenant office asset and AT&T-Hoffman Estates. In addition, property income decreased due to four assets that were transferred to InvenTrust during the first quarter of 2016 and the sale of the AT&T-Cleveland asset during the fourth quarter of 2016. The decrease in occupancy at AT&T-Hoffman Estates and two assets that were operated as net lease assets during the three months ended June 30, 2016, but as multi-tenant offices during the six months ended June 30, 2017, caused property operating expenses to increase $1.9 million, or 46.0%, when comparing the six months ended June 30, 2017 to the same period in 2016.
Real Estate Taxes
Real estate taxes decreased $0.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 as a result of adjustments to tax estimates causing a reduction in the second quarter expense in 2017.
Real estate taxes increased $0.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 as a result of two net lease assets transitioning to multi-tenant office assets during the second half of 2016 and as a result, taxes that were previously paid by the tenant are now paid by the Company. Tax expense increases were partially offset by tax expense reductions resulting from transferring four assets to InvenTrust during the first quarter of 2016 and the sale of the AT&T-Cleveland asset during the fourth quarter of 2016.
Depreciation and Amortization


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For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, depreciation and amortization decreased by $2.1 million and $4.7 million, respectively, compared to the same period in 2016 as a result of the sale of the AT&T-Cleveland asset during the fourth quarter of 2016 and the decrease in asset basis related to the reduction in carrying value of investment properties in connection with asset impairment charges recorded during 2016.
General Administrative Expenses
General and administrative expenses decreased to $2.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, from $4.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016. The decrease was the result of executive stock grants, which were approved during the second quarter of 2016 and occurred during the first quarter of 2017.
General and administrative expenses decreased to $6.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, from $7.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016. The decrease is related to allocations for four months of certain corporate services and other expenses by InvenTrust based upon our percentage share of the average invested assets of InvenTrust during the six months ended June 30, 2016. For the six months ended June 30, 2017, we were not allocated such expenses. The allocation includes costs related to corporate overhead expenses, such as payroll costs for certain of InvenTrust’s employees (accounting, finance, tax, treasury and legal) and outside professional services. Partially offsetting these expense reductions were additional expenses incurred as a result of operating as a stand-alone company, including stock administration expenses, professional fees, and stock-based compensation expenses for the six months ended June 30, 2017.
Non-Operating Income and Expenses
 
(in thousands)
 
(in thousands)
 
For the Three months ended June 30,
 
Increase
 
 
 
For the Six months ended June 30,
 
Increase
 
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Decrease)
 
Variance
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Decrease)
 
Variance
Non-operating income and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
$
16

 
$

 
$
16

 
$

 
$
56

 
$

 
$
56

 
%
Loss on disposition of investment properties

 

 

 
%
 
(3
)
 

 
3

 
%
Gain on extinguishment of debt
116,900

 

 
116,900

 

 
116,900

 

 
116,900

 
%
Other income (loss)
3

 
(111
)
 
(114
)
 
102.7
%
 
3

 
(113
)
 
(116
)
 
102.7
%
Interest expense
(4,324
)
 
(6,159
)
 
(1,835
)
 
29.8
%
 
(11,688
)
 
(12,704
)
 
(1,016
)
 
8.0
%
Gain on Extinguishment of Debt
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, the gain on extinguishment of debt was $116.9 million, which is attributed to factors discussed above.
There was no gain on extinguishment of debt during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016.
Interest Expense
Interest expense decreased to $4.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017, from $6.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2016. This was primarily driven by a decrease in the principal amount of our debt (including mortgages, the note payable with InvenTrust and the allocation of lines of credit from InvenTrust) to $163.5 million as of June 30, 2017, from $393.1 million as of June 30, 2016. Another factor contributing to the reduction in interest expense was the extinguishment of default interest on the mortgage debt that terminated when the AT&T-Hoffman Estates and Dulles Executive Plaza assets were transferred to their respective lenders. Interest expense related to these two assets declined $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2017 as compared to the same period last year.
Interest expense decreased to $11.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017, from $12.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2016 primarily attributable to the factors discussed above. Additionally, two mortgages on our retail assets were refinanced during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2016 at more favorable interest rates.


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Leasing Activity
Our primary source of funding for our property-level operating activities and debt payments is rent collected pursuant to our tenant leases. The following table represents lease expirations as of June 30, 2017:
 
Lease Expiration Year
Number of
Expiring Leases
 
Gross Leasable Area (GLA) of
Expiring Leases
(Sq. Ft.)
 
Annualized
Rent of
Expiring Leases
(in thousands)
 
Percent of Total
GLA
 
Percent of Total
Annualized
Rent
 
Expiring
Rent/Square
Foot
2017
18

 
1,514,829

 
$
19,424

 
41.1
%
 
36.0
%
 
$
12.82

2018
18

 
89,705

 
1,813

 
2.4
%
 
3.4
%
 
20.21

2019
20

 
231,318

 
3,043

 
6.3
%
 
5.6
%
 
13.16

2020
37

 
533,206

 
13,783

 
14.5
%
 
25.6
%
 
25.85

2021
35

 
328,400

 
5,799

 
8.9
%
 
10.8
%
 
17.66

2022
10

 
221,871

 
3,370

 
6.0
%
 
6.2
%
 
15.19

2023
4

 
25,003

 
495

 
0.7
%
 
0.9
%
 
19.80

2024
2

 
63,200

 
493

 
1.7
%
 
0.9
%
 
7.80

2025
8

 
41,830

 
592

 
1.1
%
 
1.1
%
 
14.15

2026
9

 
38,960

 
918

 
1.1
%
 
1.7
%
 
23.56

Month to Month
2

 
8,500

 
135

 
0.2
%
 
0.3
%
 
15.88

Thereafter
22

 
588,044

 
4,057

 
16.0
%
 
7.5
%
 
6.90

 
185

 
3,684,866

 
$
53,922

 
100.0
%
 
100.0
%
 
$
14.63

The lease for AT&T-St. Louis, scheduled to expire on September 30, 2017, accounts for approximately 33% of our annualized rent in the aggregate, and 24% of our income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017. On March 15, 2017, the Company received notice that the loan in respect of the AT&T-St. Louis asset had been transferred to special servicing. The Company is in discussions with the special servicer regarding the future of this asset and intends to satisfy its mortgage obligations by permitting the lender to foreclose on the property. On June 23, 2017, Highlands and the lender executed a letter agreement allowing the lender to immediately proceed with an application to appoint a receiver and commence foreclosure proceedings on the property.  On July 6, 2017, the Missouri Circuit Court for the City of St. Louis entered an order appointing a receiver to manage the property during foreclosure proceedings. Refer to the risk factors set forth under “Risk Factors - Risks Related to Our Business and Industry” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for additional information.
The following table represents new and renewed leases that commenced in the six months ended June 30, 2017.
 
# of Leases
 
Gross Leasable
Area
 
Rent
per square foot
 
Weighted
Average
Lease Term
New
4

 
33,922

 
$
16.30

 
8.91

Renewals
9

 
220,555

 
$
18.32

 
1.50

Total
13

 
254,477

 
$
18.05

 
2.49

During the six months ended June 30, 2017, thirteen new leases and lease renewals commenced with gross leasable area totaling 254,477 square feet. The weighted average lease term for the new leases and lease renewals was 2.49 years. Of the lease renewals, 156,316 of the gross leasable area relates to a correctional facility in Haskell, Texas, which was formerly set to expire in January 2017. The renewal agreement with this tenant extended the lease on similar terms through March 15, 2017, and has expired. The tenant has elected to not further extend the lease.


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Table of Contents


Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2017, we had $29.9 million of cash and cash equivalents, and $5.2 million of restricted escrows.
Our principal demands for funds have been and will continue to be:
to pay the operating expenses of our assets;
to pay our general and administrative expenses;
to make distributions to our stockholders;
to service or pay-down our debt; and
to fund capital expenditures and leasing related costs.
Generally, our cash needs have been and will be funded from:
cash flows from our investment assets;
proceeds from sales of assets; and
proceeds from debt.
As of June 30, 2016, all rental payments, less certain expenses, for Dulles Executive Plaza were being “swept” and held by the lender pursuant to the loan agreement; as a result, net cash generated by the property was not available for general use of the Company and was classified as restricted. The debt on the Company’s Dulles Executive Plaza asset, matured on September 1, 2016. On August 23, 2016, we received notice from the special servicer that loan went into maturity default. On April 10, 2017, the debt was satisfied by transferring the asset to our lenders via a deed of assumption, as referenced in Note 5.
The mortgage debt on Sherman Plaza was paid off on February 1, 2017. Prior to the payoff, all rental payments were being “swept” and held by the lender; however, the lender remitted excess cash to the Company for its general use after the debt service payment had been paid.
On October 1, 2016, the Company’s AT&T-St. Louis property went into “cash trap.” All income from the property is being “swept” by the lender, used to pay debt service and other charges, and to the extent income exceeds such charges the Company receives a lender-approved reimbursement for operating expenses associated with the property. Additional funds, if any, are held by the lender as additional collateral for the loan. On March 15, 2017, the Company received notice that the loan in respect of the AT&T-St. Louis asset had been transferred to special servicing. The Company is in discussions with the special servicer regarding the future of this asset and intends to satisfy its mortgage obligations by permitting the lender to foreclose on the property. On June 23, 2017, Highlands and the Lender executed a letter agreement allowing the lender to immediately proceed with an application to appoint a receiver and commence foreclosure proceedings on the property.  On July 6, 2017, the Missouri Circuit Court for the City of St. Louis entered an order appointing a receiver to manage the property during foreclosure proceedings and on August 1, 2017, we received notice that our lenders set a schedule to complete the disposition and sale of the asset by August 22, 2017, however the Company cannot guarantee the specific date upon which the entire foreclosure process will be completed.
On June 29, 2016, the Company received notice that the loan in respect of the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset had been transferred to the special servicer, C-III Asset Management, LLC. On August 9, 2016, the Company received written notice from the lender that an event of default occurred under the loan agreement relating to the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset for failure to pay required installments of principal and interest, and that, as a result, the entire loan amount was due and payable. On August 19, 2016, C-III Asset Management LLC filed a foreclosure complaint in respect of AT&T-Hoffman Estates in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois.  On September 12, 2016, the Circuit Court entered an order appointing a receiver to manage the property during the pendency of the foreclosure proceedings.  On April 20, 2017, the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset was sold via sheriff's sale as part of the foreclosure process, which sale was approved by the court on May 18, 2017. The court appointed receiver was discharged on July 6, 2017. As a result of the foreclosure sale, the Company satisfied its mortgage obligations for AT&T-Hoffman Estates and recognized a gain on the extinguishment of debt.


27

Table of Contents


Our assets have lease maturities within the next two years that are likely to reduce our cash flows from operations. There is no assurance that we will be able to re-lease these assets at comparable rates or on comparable terms, or at all.
We may, from time to time, repurchase our outstanding equity and/or debt securities, if any, through cash purchases or via other transactions. Such repurchases or transactions, if any, will depend on our liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.
Borrowings
The table below presents, on a condensed combined consolidated basis, the principal amount, weighted average interest rates and maturity date (by year) on our mortgage debt, as of June 30, 2017 (dollar amounts are stated in thousands).
Fixed rate mortgage debt maturing during the year
ended December 31,
As of June 30, 2017
 
Weighted average
interest rate, fixed
2017
$
108,083

 
5.34
%
2018

 
%
2019

 
%
2020

 
%
2021
20,084

 
5.25
%
Thereafter
36,143

 
5.20
%
Total
$
164,310

 
5.20
%
As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, no debt is recourse to the Company, although the Company or its subsidiaries may act as guarantor under customary, non-recourse carveout clauses in our wholly owned property-owning subsidiaries’ mortgage loans.
As of June 30, 2017, we had no mortgage debt maturing through the remainder of 2017, and no mortgage debt maturing in 2018 except for the AT&T-St. Louis debt which maturity date has been accelerated due to the foreclosure proceedings commencing August 1, 2017. The debt for the Dulles Executive Plaza asset was satisfied by transferring the property to our lenders via deed of assumption on April 10, 2017 and the debt for the AT&T-Hoffman Estates assets was satisfied via a foreclosure sale on May 18, 2017. Please refer to Note 5 for additional information.
Our ability to pay off our mortgages when they become due is dependent upon our ability either to refinance the related mortgage debt or to sell the related asset. With respect to each loan, if the applicable wholly owned property-owning subsidiary is unable to refinance or sell the related asset, or in the event that the estimated asset value is less than the mortgage balance, the applicable wholly owned property-owning subsidiary may, if appropriate, satisfy a mortgage obligation by transferring title of the asset to the lender or permitting a lender to foreclose. As further described under Liquidity and Capital Resources, the mortgage loan in respect of the AT&T-St. Louis asset is currently subject to foreclosure proceedings.
Volatility in the capital markets could expose us to the risk of not being able to borrow on terms and conditions acceptable to us for refinancing.
Mortgage loans outstanding as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 were $164.3 million and $382.0 million, respectively, and had a weighted average interest rate of 5.20% and 8.27% per annum, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, we had no additional borrowings secured by mortgages on our assets.



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Summary of Cash Flows
Comparison of the six months ended June 30, 2017 and June 30, 2016
 
(in thousands)
 
For the Six months ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash provided by operating activities
$
6,236

 
$
21,159

Cash used in investing activities
(1,593
)
 
(859
)
Cash used in financing activities
(31,910
)
 
(22,770
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(27,267
)
 
(2,470
)
Cash and cash equivalents, at beginning of period
57,129

 
26,972

Cash and cash equivalents, at end of period
$
29,862

 
$
24,502

Cash provided by operating activities was $6.2 million and $21.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively, and was generated primarily from operating income from property operations. The decrease is primarily the result of four assets that were transferred to InvenTrust during the first quarter of 2016, the sale of the AT&T-Cleveland asset during the fourth quarter of 2016 and the lack of occupancy at the AT&T-Hoffman Estates asset, which occurred when the tenant’s lease expired during the second half of 2016.
Cash used in investing activities was $1.6 million and $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. The cash used by investing activities is primarily related to capital expenditures and investment in real estate under development.
Cash used in financing activities was $31.9 million and $22.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2017 was primarily related to the payoff of mortgage debt on a retail asset of $30.3 million. Cash used in financing activities for the six months ended June 30, 2016 was primarily due to principal payments of mortgage debt of $11.1 million and the payoff of a note payable of $15.1 million.
We consider all demand deposits, money market accounts and investments in certificates of deposit and repurchase agreements with a maturity of three months or less, at the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents. We maintain our cash and cash equivalents at financial institutions. The combined account balances at one or more institutions exceed the Federal Depository Insurance Corporation insurance coverage and, as a result, there is a concentration of credit risk related to amounts on deposit in excess of such insurance coverage.
Distributions
For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, other than distributions prior to the Distribution, no cash distributions were paid by Highlands.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we have no off-balance sheet arrangements.


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Selected Financial Data
The following table shows our condensed combined consolidated selected financial data relating to our condensed combined consolidated historical financial condition and results of operations. Such selected data should be read in conjunction with the condensed combined consolidated financial statements and related notes appearing elsewhere in this report (dollar amounts are stated in thousands, except per share amounts).
 
As of
 
June 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
Total assets
$
371,363

 
$
512,554

Debt, net
163,492

 
380,240

 
Three Months Ended June 30,
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
2017
 
2016
Operating Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
14,884

 
$
24,835

$
31,719

 
$
51,433

Net income (loss)
$
115,409

 
$
(39,235
)
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
Supplemental Measures:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Funds from operations (a)
$
120,997

 
$
10,392

$
119,797

 
$
22,948

Adjusted funds from operations (a)
$
4,097

 
$
10,392

$
2,897

 
$
22,948

Cash Flow Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flows provided by operating activities
$
3,339

 
$
9,788

$
6,236

 
$
21,159

Net cash flows used in investing activities
$
(1,265
)
 
$
(217
)
$
(1,593
)
 
$
(859
)
Net cash flows used in financing activities
$
(548
)
 
$
(2,950
)
$
(31,910
)
 
$
(22,770
)
(a)
The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), an industry trade group, has promulgated a non-GAAP financial measure known as Funds From Operations, or FFO. As defined by NAREIT, FFO is net income (loss) in accordance with GAAP excluding gains (or losses) resulting from dispositions of properties, plus depreciation and amortization and impairment charges on depreciable property. We have adopted the NAREIT definition in our calculation of FFO as management considers FFO a widely accepted and appropriate measure of performance for REITs. FFO is not equivalent to our net income or loss as determined under GAAP.
Since the definition of FFO was promulgated by NAREIT, GAAP has expanded to include several new accounting pronouncements, such that management and many investors and analysts have considered the presentation of FFO alone to be insufficient. Accordingly, in addition to FFO, we also use Adjusted Funds From Operations, or AFFO as a measure of our operating performance. We define AFFO, a non-GAAP financial measure, to exclude from FFO adjustments for gains or losses related to early extinguishment of debt instruments as these items are not related to our continuing operations. By excluding these items, management believes that AFFO provides supplemental information related to sustainable operations that will be more comparable between other reporting periods and to other public, non-traded REITs. AFFO is not equivalent to our net income or loss as determined under GAAP.
In calculating FFO and AFFO, impairment charges of depreciable real estate assets are added back even though the impairment charge may represent a permanent decline in value due to decreased operating performance of the applicable property. Further, because gains and losses from sales of property are excluded from FFO and AFFO, it is consistent and appropriate that impairments, which are often early recognition of losses on prospective sales of property, also be excluded.
We believe that FFO and AFFO are better measures of our properties’ operating performance because they exclude noncash items from GAAP net income. Neither FFO nor AFFO is intended to be an alternative to “net income” nor to “cash flows from operating activities” as determined by GAAP as a measure of our capacity to pay distributions. Other REITs may use alternative methodologies for calculating similarly titled measures, which may not be comparable to our calculation of FFO and AFFO. The following section presents our calculation of FFO and AFFO to net income (in thousands):


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Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Net income (loss)
$
115,409

 
$
(39,235
)
 
$
108,566

 
$
(34,928
)
Depreciation and amortization related to investment properties
4,876

 
7,012

 
10,516

 
15,261

Impairment of investment properties
712

 
42,615

 
712

 
42,615

Loss on sale of investment properties, net
$

 
$

 
$
3

 
$

Funds from operations
$
120,997

 
$
10,392

 
$
119,797

 
$
22,948

Gain on extinguishment of debt
$
(116,900
)
 
$

 
$
(116,900
)
 
$

Adjusted funds from operations
$
4,097

 
$
10,392

 
$
2,897

 
$
22,948

FFO and AFFO do not reflect a reduction for funds withheld by lenders (and therefore not available to the Company) because the Company still has rights to such funds even though they are subject to the terms of “cash trap,” “cash sweep,” or “hyper amortization” under the loan agreements with lenders. On October 1, 2016, the Company’s AT&T-St. Louis property went into “cash trap.” All income from the property is being “swept” by the lender, used to pay debt service and other charges, and to the extent income exceeds such charges the Company receives a lender-approved reimbursement for operating expenses associated with the property. Additional funds, if any, are held by the lender as additional collateral for the loan. On March 15, 2017, the Company received notice that the loan in respect of the AT&T-St. Louis asset had been transferred to special servicing. The Company is in discussions with the special servicer regarding the future of this asset and intends to satisfy its mortgage obligations by permitting the lender to foreclose on the property. On June 23, 2017, Highlands and the Lender executed a letter agreement allowing the lender to immediately proceed with an application to appoint a receiver and commence foreclosure proceedings on the property.  On July 6, 2017, the Missouri Circuit Court for the City of St. Louis entered an order appointing a receiver to manage the property during foreclosure proceedings.
For the six months ended June 30, 2017, cash amounts withheld by lenders used to pay debt service and other charges (and therefore unavailable to the Company) because of these restrictions amounted to $8.33 million for AT&T-St. Louis. 
Use and Limitations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
FFO and AFFO do not represent cash generated from operating activities under GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income or loss, operating profit, cash flows from operations or any other operating performance measure prescribed by GAAP. Although we present and use FFO and AFFO because we believe they are useful to investors in evaluating and facilitating comparisons of our operating performance between periods and between REITs that report similar measures, the use of these non-GAAP measures has certain limitations as an analytical tool. These non-GAAP financial measures are not a measure of our liquidity, nor are they indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to fund capital expenditures, contractual commitments, working capital, service debt or make cash distributions. These measurements do not reflect cash expenditures for long-term assets and other items that we have incurred and will incur. These non-GAAP financial measures may include funds that may not be available for management’s discretionary use due to functional requirements to conserve funds for capital expenditures, property acquisitions and other commitments and uncertainties. These non-GAAP financial measures, as presented, may not be comparable to non-GAAP financial measures as calculated by other real estate companies. Additionally, the Company believes the information included in the above table provides useful supplemental information that may facilitate comparisons of the Company’s ongoing operating performance between periods, as well as between REITs that include similar disclosure.
We compensate for these limitations by separately considering the impact of these excluded items to the extent they are material to operating decisions or assessments of our operating performance. Our reconciliation to the most comparable GAAP financial measures, and our condensed combined consolidated statements of operations and cash flows, include interest expense, capital expenditures and other excluded items, all of which should be considered when evaluating our performance, as well as the usefulness of our non-GAAP financial measure. This non-GAAP financial measure reflects an additional way of viewing our operations that we believe, when viewed with our GAAP results and the reconciliation to the corresponding GAAP financial measure, provides a more complete understanding of factors and trends affecting our business than could be obtained absent this disclosure. We strongly encourage investors to review our financial information in its entirety and not to rely on a single financial measure.


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Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We are subject to market risk associated with changes in interest rates in terms of the price of new fixed-rate debt upon maturity of existing debt and for acquisitions.
Our interest rate risk management objectives are to limit the impact of interest rate changes on earnings and cash flows and to lower our overall borrowing costs.
Although all of our borrowings as of June 30, 2017 carry fixed interest rates, we may in the future borrow money bearing interest at variable rates. Increases in interests rates would increase our interest expense on any variable rate debt, as well as any debt that must be refinanced at higher interest rates at the time of maturity.
Existing fixed rate loans that are scheduled to mature in the next year or two are evaluated for possible early refinancing and/or extension due to consideration given to current interest rates. Refer to Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation - Borrowings for mortgage debt principal amounts and weighted average interest rates by year and expected maturity to evaluate the expected cash flows. As of June 30, 2017, we did not have any variable rate loans outstanding.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
As required by Rule 13a-15(b) and Rule 15d-15(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer evaluated, as of June 30, 2017, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures, as of June 30, 2017, were effective at a reasonable assurance level for the purpose of ensuring that information required to be disclosed by us in this report is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified by the rules and forms of the Exchange Act and is accumulated and communicated to management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the quarter ended June 30, 2017 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


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Part II - Other Information
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Our AT&T-St. Louis asset is currently in foreclosure proceedings. Please see Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources above for additional information.
We are from time to time involved in legal actions arising in the ordinary course of business. We are not currently involved in any other legal or administrative proceedings that we believe are likely to have a materially adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
There have been no material changes from the risk factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K (File No. 000-55580) under the head