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Section 1: 10-Q (FORM 10-Q)

Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q 
ý
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2016
or
 
¨
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
For the transition period from . to .
Commission File No. 1-35933
 
GRAMERCY PROPERTY TRUST
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Maryland
 
56-2466617
(State or other jurisdiction
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer of
Identification No.)
 
 
 
521 5th Avenue, 30th Floor, New York, NY 10175
(Address of principal executive offices – zip code)
 
 
 
(212) 297-1000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 
Yes x      No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). 
Yes x      No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. 
Large accelerated filer x
Accelerated filer ¨
Non-accelerated filer ¨
Smaller reporting company ¨
 
 
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). 
Yes ¨     No x
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common shares of beneficial interest, $0.01 par value, was 421,979,096 as of November 2, 2016.



GRAMERCY PROPERTY TRUST
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART I.
 
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
ITEM 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ITEM 2.
 
ITEM 3.
 
ITEM 4.
 
PART II.
 
ITEM 1.
 
ITEM 1A.
 
ITEM 2.
 
ITEM 3.
 
ITEM 4.
 
ITEM 5.
 
ITEM 6.
 
 



Gramercy Property Trust
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM I.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Assets:
 

 
 

Real estate investments, at cost:
 

 
 

Land
$
734,058

 
$
702,557

Building and improvements
3,538,377

 
3,313,747

Less: accumulated depreciation
(169,103
)
 
(84,627
)
Total real estate investments, net
4,103,332

 
3,931,677

Cash and cash equivalents
56,352

 
128,031

Restricted cash
171,895

 
17,354

Investment in unconsolidated equity investments
120,176

 
580,000

Servicing advances receivable

 
1,382

Retained CDO bonds
8,439

 
7,471

Assets held for sale, net
11,009

 
420,485

Tenant and other receivables, net
69,131

 
34,234

Acquired lease assets, net of accumulated amortization of $123,754 and $54,323
584,856

 
682,174

Deferred costs, net of accumulated amortization of $3,074 and $892
24,835

 
13,950

Goodwill
3,141

 
3,568

Other assets
30,064

 
14,192

Total assets
$
5,183,230

 
$
5,834,518

Liabilities and Equity:
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Senior unsecured revolving credit facility
$
163,365

 
$
296,724

Exchangeable senior notes, net
108,186

 
106,581

Mortgage notes payable, net
368,386

 
530,222

Senior unsecured notes, net
148,978

 
99,124

Senior unsecured term loans
1,225,000

 
1,225,000

Total long-term debt, net
2,013,915

 
2,257,651

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
48,412

 
59,808

Dividends payable
46,740

 
8,980

Accrued interest payable
5,180

 
4,546

Deferred revenue
31,343

 
36,031

Below market lease liabilities, net of accumulated amortization of $27,055 and $17,083
224,643

 
242,456

Liabilities related to assets held for sale
129

 
291,364

Derivative instruments, at fair value
28,613

 
3,442

Other liabilities
10,080

 
8,271

Total liabilities
2,409,055

 
2,912,549

Commitments and contingencies

 

Noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership
9,076

 
10,892

Equity:
 
 
 
Common shares, par value $0.01, 421,978,800 and 420,523,153 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
4,220

 
4,205

Series A cumulative redeemable preferred shares, par value $0.01, liquidation preference $87,500, 3,500,000 shares authorized, issued and outstanding at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015.
84,394

 
84,394

Additional paid-in-capital
3,883,873

 
3,879,932

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(38,717
)
 
(5,751
)
Accumulated deficit
(1,168,502
)
 
(1,051,454
)
Total shareholders' equity
2,765,268

 
2,911,326

Noncontrolling interest in other partnerships
(169
)
 
(249
)
Total equity
2,765,099

 
2,911,077

Total liabilities and equity
$
5,183,230

 
$
5,834,518


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
1

Gramercy Property Trust
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Rental revenue
$
100,847

 
$
47,235

 
$
291,459

 
$
117,990

Third-party management fees
7,172

 
5,153

 
30,528

 
17,571

Operating expense reimbursements
21,231

 
11,237

 
65,718

 
29,113

Investment income
544

 
445

 
1,490

 
1,208

Other income
1,298

 
1,143

 
1,867

 
1,413

Total revenues
131,092

 
65,213

 
391,062

 
167,295

Operating Expenses
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Property operating expenses
22,685

 
11,051

 
70,364

 
29,006

Property management expenses
4,810

 
4,780

 
14,922

 
14,557

Depreciation and amortization
62,863

 
25,120

 
181,649

 
68,534

General and administrative expenses
8,165

 
4,748

 
23,892

 
14,299

Acquisition and merger-related expenses
1,272

 
6,547

 
5,994

 
13,508

Total operating expenses
99,795

 
52,246

 
296,821

 
139,904

Operating Income
31,297

 
12,967

 
94,241

 
27,391

Other Expense:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(18,409
)
 
(9,227
)
 
(57,271
)
 
(23,225
)
Equity in net loss of unconsolidated equity investments
(1,138
)
 
(1,096
)
 
(4,061
)
 
(974
)
Gain on dissolution of previously held U.S. unconsolidated equity investment interests

 

 
7,229

 

Loss on extinguishment of debt
(13,777
)
 

 
(20,890
)
 

Impairment of real estate investments
(1,053
)
 

 
(1,053
)
 

Income (loss) from continuing operations before provision for taxes
(3,080
)
 
2,644

 
18,195

 
3,192

Provision for taxes
(331
)
 
(985
)
 
(3,734
)
 
(2,116
)
Income (loss) from continuing operations
(3,411
)
 
1,659

 
14,461

 
1,076

Income (loss) from discontinued operations
347

 
(41
)
 
3,115

 
17

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 
1,930

 

Income (loss) from discontinued operations
347

 
(41
)
 
5,045

 
17

Income (loss) before gains on disposals
(3,064
)
 
1,618

 
19,506

 
1,093

Net gains on disposals
2,336

 
392

 
2,336

 
593

Gain on sale of European unconsolidated equity investment interests held with a related party

 

 
5,341

 

Net income (loss)
(728
)
 
2,010

 
27,183

 
1,686

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest
(221
)
 
(20
)
 
(152
)
 
43

Net income (loss) attributable to Gramercy Property Trust
(949
)
 
1,990

 
27,031

 
1,729

Preferred share dividends
(1,559
)
 
(1,559
)
 
(4,676
)
 
(4,676
)
Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
$
(2,508
)
 
$
431

 
$
22,355

 
$
(2,947
)
Basic earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations, after preferred dividends
$
(0.01
)
 
$

 
$
0.04

 
$
(0.02
)
Net income from discontinued operations

 

 
0.01

 

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
$
(0.01
)
 
$

 
$
0.05

 
$
(0.02
)
Diluted earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) from continuing operations, after preferred dividends
$
(0.01
)
 
$

 
$
0.04

 
$
(0.02
)
Net income from discontinued operations

 

 
0.01

 

Net income (loss) available to common shareholders
$
(0.01
)
 
$

 
$
0.05

 
$
(0.02
)
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
420,772,508

 
183,945,495

 
423,542,467

 
169,781,590

Diluted weighted average common shares and common share equivalents outstanding
420,772,508

 
187,683,631

 
427,163,126

 
169,781,590

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
2

Gramercy Property Trust
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss)
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net income (loss)
$
(728
)
 
$
2,010

 
$
27,183

 
$
1,686

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain on debt securities and derivative instruments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gain (loss) on available for sale debt securities
(1,426
)
 
368

 
(459
)
 
6,129

Unrealized gain (loss) on derivative instruments
7,653

 
(2,584
)
 
(25,996
)
 
(3,248
)
Reclassification of accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments due to disposal

 

 
(3,737
)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(1,120
)
 
(360
)
 
(3,687
)
 
(309
)
Reclassification of unrealized loss on terminated derivative instruments into earnings
282

 

 
913

 

Other comprehensive income (loss)
5,389

 
(2,576
)
 
(32,966
)
 
2,572

Comprehensive income (loss)
4,661

 
(566
)
 
(5,783
)
 
4,258

Net (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(221
)
 
(20
)
 
(152
)
 
43

Other comprehensive (income) loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(13
)
 
21

 
102

 
(32
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Gramercy Property Trust
$
4,427

 
$
(565
)
 
$
(5,833
)
 
$
4,269

 


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
3


Gramercy Property Trust
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity (Deficit) and Noncontrolling Interests
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share data)

 
Common Shares
 
Preferred Shares
 
Additional Paid-In-Capital
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
Retained Earnings / (Accumulated Deficit)
 
Total Gramercy Property Trust
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
 
 
Shares
 
Par Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2015
420,523,153

 
$
4,205

 
$
84,394

 
$
3,879,932

 
$
(5,751
)
 
$
(1,051,454
)
 
$
2,911,326

 
$
(249
)
 
$
2,911,077

Net income

 

 

 

 

 
27,031

 
27,031

 
90

 
27,121

Change in net unrealized loss on derivative instruments

 

 

 

 
(25,996
)
 

 
(25,996
)
 

 
(25,996
)
Change in net unrealized gain on debt securities

 

 

 

 
(459
)
 

 
(459
)
 

 
(459
)
Reclassification of unrealized gain of terminated derivative instruments into earnings

 

 

 

 
913

 

 
913

 

 
913

Offering costs

 

 

 
(105
)
 

 

 
(105
)
 

 
(105
)
Share based compensation - fair value
938,448

 
10

 

 
2,466

 

 

 
2,476

 

 
2,476

Proceeds from share options exercised
47,844

 

 

 
167

 

 

 
167

 

 
167

Conversion of OP Units to common shares
469,355

 
5

 

 
4,154

 

 

 
4,159

 

 
4,159

Reallocation of noncontrolling interest in the Operating Partnership

 

 

 
(2,741
)
 

 

 
(2,741
)
 

 
(2,741
)
Reclassification of accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments due to disposal

 

 

 

 
(3,737
)
 

 
(3,737
)
 

 
(3,737
)
Foreign currency translation adjustment

 

 

 

 
(3,687
)
 

 
(3,687
)
 
(10
)
 
(3,697
)
Dividends on preferred shares

 

 

 

 

 
(4,676
)
 
(4,676
)
 

 
(4,676
)
Dividends on common shares

 

 

 

 

 
(139,403
)
 
(139,403
)
 

 
(139,403
)
Balance at September 30, 2016
421,978,800

 
$
4,220

 
$
84,394

 
$
3,883,873

 
$
(38,717
)
 
$
(1,168,502
)
 
$
2,765,268

 
$
(169
)
 
$
2,765,099



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
4


Gramercy Property Trust
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands)

 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating Activities:
 

 
 

Net income
$
27,183

 
$
1,686

Adjustments to net cash provided by operating activities:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
181,649

 
68,534

Amortization of acquired leases to rental revenue and expense
(10,332
)
 
(10,365
)
Amortization of deferred costs
1,177

 
2,192

Amortization of discounts and other fees
(3,636
)
 
(2,069
)
Amortization of lease inducement costs
259

 
183

Straight-line rent adjustment
(19,084
)
 
(8,940
)
Non-cash impairment charges
1,053

 

Net gain on sale of properties
(2,336
)
 
(593
)
Distributions received from unconsolidated equity investments
48,235

 
309

Equity in net income of unconsolidated equity investments
4,061

 
974

Gain from dissolution of previously held unconsolidated equity investment interests
(7,229
)
 

Gain from sale of unconsolidated equity investment interests held with a related party
(5,341
)
 

Loss on extinguishment of debt
18,960

 

Amortization of share-based compensation
3,704

 
2,628

Other non-cash adjustments
23

 
(49
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 

 
 

Restricted cash
5,267

 
(938
)
Payment of capitalized leasing costs
(11,910
)
 
(3,001
)
Tenant and other receivables
(19,890
)
 
(1,417
)
Accrued interest
(8
)
 
(30
)
Other assets
(16,683
)
 
11,864

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
(16,945
)
 
1,040

Deferred revenue
(8,438
)
 
3,993

Net cash provided by operating activities
169,739

 
66,001

Investing Activities:
 

 
 

Capital expenditures
(18,711
)
 
(2,362
)
Distributions from investing activities received from unconsolidated equity investments
84,588

 

Proceeds from sale of unconsolidated equity interests held with a related party
148,884

 

Proceeds from sale of real estate
860,783

 
68,779

Return of restricted cash held in escrow for 1031 exchange
(157,347
)
 

Contributions to unconsolidated equity investments
(33,632
)
 
(10,834
)
Acquisition of real estate
(540,596
)
 
(879,551
)
Restricted cash for tenant improvements
7,058

 
(6,908
)
Proceeds from repayments of servicing advances receivable
1,390

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
352,417

 
(830,876
)
Financing Activities:
 

 
 

Proceeds from unsecured term loans and revolving credit facility
306,466

 
685,120

Proceeds from senior unsecured notes
50,000

 

Repayment of unsecured term loans and revolving credit facility
(440,000
)
 
(315,000
)
Acquisition of treasury bonds for defeasance
(144,063
)
 

Proceeds from mortgage notes payable
9,550

 

Repayment of mortgage notes payable
(251,266
)
 
(4,049
)
Offering costs
(105
)
 
(12,121
)
Proceeds from sale of common stock

 
289,910

Payment of deferred financing costs
(1,734
)
 
(4,602
)
Payment of debt extinguishment costs
(15,868
)
 

Preferred share dividends paid
(4,676
)
 
(4,676
)
Common share dividends paid
(101,804
)
 
(31,537
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options and employee purchases under the employee share purchase plan
167

 
54

Contributions from noncontrolling interests in other entities

 
169

Distribution to noncontrolling interest holders
(303
)
 
(318
)
Change in restricted cash from financing activities
(62
)
 
(37
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
(593,698
)
 
602,913

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(71,542
)
 
(161,962
)
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents related to foreign currency translation
(137
)
 
1

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
128,031

 
200,069

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
56,352

 
$
38,108


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
5

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016


1. Business and Organization
Gramercy Property Trust, or the Company or Gramercy, a Maryland real estate investment trust, or REIT, is a leading global investor and asset manager of commercial real estate. Gramercy specializes in acquiring and managing single-tenant, net leased industrial, office, and specialty properties. The Company focuses on income producing properties leased to high quality tenants in major markets in the United States and Europe.
Gramercy earns revenues primarily through rental revenues on properties that it owns in the United States and asset management revenues on properties owned by third parties in the United States and Europe. The Company also owns unconsolidated equity investments in the United States, Europe, and Asia.
On December 17, 2015, Chambers Street Properties, or Chambers, a Maryland REIT, completed a merger, or the Merger, with Gramercy Property Trust Inc., or Legacy Gramercy, a Maryland corporation, pursuant to which Legacy Gramercy stockholders received 3.1898 common shares of beneficial interest of Chambers for each share of common stock of Legacy Gramercy held. Following the Merger, Chambers changed its name to “Gramercy Property Trust” and began trading on the New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, using the “GPT” stock symbol.
In the Merger, Chambers was the legal acquirer and Legacy Gramercy was the accounting acquirer for financial reporting purposes. Thus, the financial information set forth herein subsequent to the close of the Merger on December 17, 2015 reflects results of the combined company, and financial information prior to the close of the Merger reflects Legacy Gramercy results. For this reason, period to period comparisons may not be meaningful. Refer to Note 4 for additional information on the Merger.
Unless the context requires otherwise, all references to “Company,” “Gramercy,” “we,” “our,” and “us” mean Legacy Gramercy and one or more of its subsidiaries for the periods prior to the Merger closing and Gramercy Property Trust and one or more of its subsidiaries for periods following the Merger closing.
As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s wholly-owned portfolio consists of 295 properties comprising 53,306,568 rentable square feet with 98.5% occupancy. As of September 30, 2016, the Company has ownership interests in 46 industrial and office properties with 97.6% occupancy, which are held in unconsolidated equity investments.
As of September 30, 2016, the Company’s asset management business, which operates under the name Gramercy Asset Management, manages for third parties approximately $1,200,000 of commercial real estate assets, including approximately $871,000 of assets in Europe.

In August 2016, the Company and TPG Real Estate, or TPG, partnered to form Strategic Office Partners, an unconsolidated equity investment that will invest in single-tenant office properties in the United States. The Company contributed six properties to Strategic Office Partners valued at $187,500 and, in exchange, the Company received cash proceeds of $140,625, equivalent to TPG’s 75.0% interest in the venture, plus a 25.0% interest in Strategic Office Partners valued at $46,608. Concurrently with the initial funding of Strategic Office Partners, the Company received a distribution of $30,581 representing its pro rata share of loan proceeds, resulting in an initial equity investment of $16,027.
During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company acquired 16 properties aggregating 2,795,476 square feet for a total purchase price of approximately $237,432. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company acquired 48 properties aggregating 11,464,734 square feet for a total purchase price of approximately $862,341. Additionally, on June 30, 2016, the Company received 100.0% ownership of seven properties previously held in its joint venture with Duke Realty Corporation through a distribution of real estate assets by the joint venture, which had an aggregate 4,189,630 square feet and total fair value of $276,100.
During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company sold ten properties aggregating 2,435,130 square feet for total gross proceeds of approximately $394,241. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company sold 20 properties aggregating 5,070,129 square feet for total gross proceeds of approximately $1,041,941. Of the properties sold during the three months ended September 30, 2016, six properties comprising an aggregate 980,825 square feet and with total value of $187,500 were contributed to Strategic Office Partners. Additionally, on June 30, 2016, the Company sold 74.9% of its 80.0% interest in its European joint venture with the Goodman Group to its unconsolidated equity investment in Europe, Gramercy Property Europe plc, or the Gramercy European Property Fund, for gross proceeds of $148,884 (€134,336).

6

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

The Company has elected to be taxed as a REIT under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, or the Internal Revenue Code, or IRC, and generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income taxes to the extent it distributes its taxable income, if any, to its shareholders. The Company has in the past established, and may in the future establish taxable REIT subsidiaries, or TRSs, to effect various taxable transactions. Those TRSs would incur U.S. federal, state and local taxes on the taxable income from their activities.
The Company’s operating partnership, GPT Operating Partnership LP, or the Operating Partnership, indirectly owns (i) all of the Company’s consolidated real estate investments, (ii) the Company’s interests in unconsolidated equity investments and (iii) the entities, primarily a TRS, that conduct the Company’s third-party asset management operations. The Company is the sole general partner of the Operating Partnership. In April 2016, the common units of limited partnership interest in Legacy Gramercy’s operating partnership were exchanged for common units of limited partnership interest in GPT Operating Partnership LP, or OP Units, and the Company’s partnership agreement was amended and restated to reflect the exchange, or the Fourth Amended and Restated Partnership Agreement. The Operating Partnership is the 100.0% owner of all of its direct and indirect subsidiaries, except that, as of September 30, 2016, third-party holders of limited partnership interests in the Operating Partnership owned approximately 0.22% of the beneficial interest of the Company. These interests are referred to as the noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership. See Note 12 for more information on the Company’s noncontrolling interests.
2. Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Quarterly Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. In management’s opinion, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for fair presentation have been included. The 2016 operating results for the period presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016. These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2015. The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2015 has been derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements at that date.
Reclassifications
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuances Costs, which requires the Company to reclassify debt financing costs, which were previously accounted for on the deferred costs line within the asset section, and present them in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of the corresponding debt liability, with the exception of deferred financing costs associated with the credit facility which remain in deferred costs in the asset section on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. Deferred financing costs totaling $6,389 have been reclassified in the December 31, 2015 Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet from the deferred costs line and netted against the corresponding debt liability. See “Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements” below for further discussion of the new accounting guidance for deferred financing costs.
Principles of Consolidation
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the Company’s accounts and those of the Company’s subsidiaries which are wholly-owned or controlled by the Company, or entities which are variable interest entities, or VIEs, in which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The primary beneficiary is the party that absorbs a majority of the VIE’s anticipated losses and/or a majority of the expected returns. The Company has evaluated its investments for potential classification as variable interests by evaluating the sufficiency of each entity’s equity investment at risk to absorb losses.
Entities which the Company does not control and are considered VIEs, but where the Company is not the primary beneficiary, are accounted for under the equity method. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The equity interests of other limited partners in the Company’s Operating Partnership are reflected as noncontrolling interests.

7

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Real Estate Investments
The Company records acquired real estate investments as business combinations when the real estate is occupied, at least in part, at acquisition. Costs directly related to the acquisition of such investments are expensed as incurred. The Company allocates the purchase price of real estate to land, building, improvements and intangibles, such as the value of above- and below-market leases, and origination costs associated with the in-place leases at the acquisition date. The values of the above- and below-market leases are amortized and recorded as either an increase, in the case of below-market leases, or a decrease, in the case of above-market leases, to rental revenue over the remaining term of the associated lease. The values associated with in-place leases are amortized to depreciation and amortization expense over the remaining term of the associated lease.
The Company assesses the fair value of the leases at acquisition based upon estimated cash flow projections that utilize appropriate discount rates and available market information. Estimates of future cash flows are based on a number of factors including the historical operating results, known trends, and market/economic conditions that may affect the property. Additionally, for transactions that are business combinations, the Company evaluates the existence of goodwill or a gain from a bargain purchase at the time of acquisition.
Acquired real estate investments involving sale-leasebacks that have newly-originated leases are recorded as asset acquisitions and accordingly, transaction costs incurred in connection with the acquisition are capitalized. Acquired real estate investments which are under construction are considered build-to-suit transactions and other acquired real estate investments that do not meet the definition of a business combination are recorded at cost. In build-to-suit transactions, the Company engages a developer to construct a property or provides funds to a tenant to develop a property. The Company capitalizes the funds provided to the developer/tenant and real estate taxes, if applicable, during the construction period.
Certain improvements are capitalized when they are determined to increase the useful life of the building. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the shorter of the estimated useful life at acquisition of the capitalized item or 40 years for buildings, five to ten years for building equipment and fixtures, and the lesser of the useful life or the remaining lease term for tenant improvements and leasehold interests. Maintenance and repair expenditures are charged to expense as incurred.
In leasing space, the Company may provide funding to the lessee through a tenant allowance. If the Company is considered the owner of the leasehold improvements constructed using a tenant allowance, the Company capitalizes the amount of the allowance and depreciates it over the shorter of the useful life of the leasehold improvements or the lease term. If the tenant allowance represents a payment for a purpose other than funding leasehold improvements, or if the Company is not considered the owner of the improvements for accounting purposes, the allowance is considered to be a lease incentive and is recognized over the lease term as a reduction of rental revenue.
The Company reviews the recoverability of a property’s carrying value when circumstances indicate a possible impairment in the value of a property, expected to result from the property’s use and eventual disposition. If management determines impairment exists due to the inability to recover the carrying value of a property, an impairment loss is recorded in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the estimated fair value of the property for properties to be held and used and for assets held for sale, an impairment loss is recorded to the extent that the carrying value exceeds the fair value less estimated cost of disposal. The estimated fair value of the asset becomes its new cost basis and if the asset is to be held and used, the new cost basis will be depreciated or amortized over its remaining useful life.
Intangible Assets and Liabilities
The Company follows the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The Company allocates the purchase price of acquired properties to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired based on their respective fair values. Tangible assets include land, buildings and improvements on an as-if vacant basis and identifiable intangible assets include amounts allocated to acquired leases for above- and below-market lease rates, the value of in-place leases, and above-market and below-market ground rent intangibles.

8

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

The above- and below-market lease values are amortized as a reduction of and increase to rental revenue, respectively, over the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases. The value of in-place leases is amortized to depreciation and amortization expense over the remaining non-cancelable term of the respective leases. To the extent acquired leases contain fixed rate renewal options that are below-market and determined to be material, the Company amortizes such below-market lease value into rental revenue over the renewal period. If a tenant terminates its lease prior to its contractual expiration and no future rental payments will be received, any unamortized balance of the market lease intangibles will be written off to rental revenue and any unamortized balance of the in-place lease intangibles will be written off to depreciation and amortization expense. The above- and below-market ground rent intangible values are amortized as a reduction of and increase to rent expense, respectively, over the remaining non-cancelable terms of the respective leases. If the Company terminates its lease prior to its contractual expiration and no future rent payments will be paid, any unamortized balance of the ground rent intangibles will be written off to rent expense.
Intangible assets and liabilities consist of the following:
 
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Intangible assets:
 

 
 

In-place leases, net of accumulated amortization of $108,993 and $49,125
$
514,659

 
$
644,540

Above-market leases, net of accumulated amortization of $14,519 and $5,051
65,663

 
94,202

Below-market ground rent, net of accumulated amortization of $242 and $147
5,141

 
5,236

Amounts related to assets held for sale, net of accumulated amortization of $0
(607
)
 
(61,804
)
Total intangible assets
$
584,856

 
$
682,174

Intangible liabilities:
 
 
 
Below-market leases, net of accumulated amortization of $26,836 and $16,934
$
221,191

 
$
255,452

Above-market ground rent, net of accumulated amortization of $219 and $149
3,452

 
3,522

Amounts related to liabilities of assets held for sale, net of accumulated amortization of $0

 
(16,518
)
Total intangible liabilities
$
224,643

 
$
242,456

The following table provides the weighted-average amortization period as of September 30, 2016 for intangible assets and liabilities and the projected amortization expense for the next five years.
 
Weighted-Average Amortization Period
 
October 1 to December 31, 2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
2020
In-place leases
10.1
 
$
22,804

 
$
80,438

 
$
72,120

 
$
61,496

 
$
50,429

Total to be included in depreciation and amortization expense

 
$
22,804

 
$
80,438

 
$
72,120

 
$
61,496

 
$
50,429

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Above-market lease assets
7.8
 
$
3,434

 
$
11,807

 
$
10,653

 
$
9,522

 
$
7,402

Below-market lease liabilities
20.2
 
(3,853
)
 
(12,455
)
 
(12,328
)
 
(12,160
)
 
(11,930
)
Total to be included in rental revenue

 
$
(419
)
 
$
(648
)
 
$
(1,675
)
 
$
(2,638
)
 
$
(4,528
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Below-market ground rent
41.6
 
$
32

 
$
127

 
$
127

 
$
127

 
$
127

Above-market ground rent
36.8
 
(23
)
 
(94
)
 
(94
)
 
(94
)
 
(94
)
Total to be included in property operating expense

 
$
9

 
$
33

 
$
33

 
$
33

 
$
33


9

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

The Company recorded $29,670 and $9,808 of amortization of in-place lease intangible assets as part of depreciation and amortization for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company recorded $86,845 and $27,947 of amortization of in-place lease intangible assets as part of depreciation and amortization for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company recorded $4,578 and $4,309 of amortization of market lease intangible assets and liabilities as an increase to rental revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company recorded $10,388 and $10,359 of amortization of market lease intangible assets and liabilities as an increase to rental revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company recorded $8 and $(1) of amortization of ground rent intangible assets and liabilities as part of other property operating expense for the three months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The Company recorded $25 and $(41) of amortization of ground rent intangible assets and liabilities as part of other property operating expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the fair value of the collaboration expected to be achieved upon consummation of a business combination and is measured as the excess of consideration transferred over the net assets acquired at acquisition date. The Company initially recognized goodwill of $3,887 related to the acquisition of Gramercy Europe Limited, or Gramercy Europe Asset Management, however during the second quarter of 2015, as a result of finalization of the purchase price allocation for the acquisition, the Company decreased the amount allocated to goodwill by $85 and thus the final purchase price allocation to goodwill as a result of the acquisition was $3,802. The adjustment to goodwill for the finalized purchase price was primarily related to a reduction in the contract intangible value as well as an increase in the accrued income recorded for incentive fees. The carrying value of goodwill is adjusted each reporting period for the effect of foreign currency translation adjustments. The carrying value of goodwill at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 was $3,141 and $3,568, respectively. The Company’s goodwill has an indeterminate life and is not amortized, but is tested for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that the asset might be impaired. The Company takes a qualitative approach to consider whether an impairment of goodwill exists prior to quantitatively determining the fair value of the reporting unit in step one of the impairment test. The Company did not record any impairment on its goodwill during the nine months ended September 30, 2016 or 2015.
Unconsolidated Equity Investments
The Company accounts for substantially all of its unconsolidated equity investments under the equity method of accounting since it exercises significant influence, but does not unilaterally control the entities, and is not considered to be the primary beneficiary. In unconsolidated equity investments, the rights of the other investors are protective and participating. Unless the Company is determined to be the primary beneficiary, these rights preclude it from consolidating the investments. The investments are recorded initially at cost as unconsolidated equity investments, as applicable, and subsequently are adjusted for equity interest in net income (loss) and cash contributions and distributions. The amount of the investments on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets is evaluated for impairment at each reporting period. None of the unconsolidated equity investment debt is recourse to the Company. Transactions with unconsolidated equity method entities are eliminated to the extent of the Company’s ownership in each such entity. Accordingly, the Company’s share of net income (loss) of these equity method entities is included in consolidated net income (loss).
The Company’s 5.07% unconsolidated equity investment in CBRE Strategic Partners Asia, described more in Note 5, is presented in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements at fair value. CBRE Strategic Partners Asia is an investment company that accounts for its investments at fair value with changes in the fair value of the investments recorded in the statement of operations. See the “Fair Value Measurements” section of this Note 2 as well as Note 9, “Fair Value Measurements,” for further discussion of the fair value accounting methodology used for CBRE Strategic Partners Asia.
Carrying values of the Company’s unconsolidated equity investments were $120,176 and $580,000 at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.

10

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Restricted Cash
The Company had restricted cash of $171,895 and $17,354 at September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, which primarily consists of proceeds from property sales held by qualified intermediaries to be used for tax-deferred, like-kind exchanges under IRC Section 1031, as well as reserves for certain capital improvements, leasing, interest and real estate tax and insurance payments as required by certain mortgage loan obligations.
Variable Interest Entities

During the first quarter of 2016, the Company adopted ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which modified the analysis it must perform to determine whether it should consolidate certain types of legal entities. Under the revised guidance, the Company’s operating partnerships, including both GPT Operating Partnership, or the Operating Partnership, and Gramercy Operating Partnership, which is Legacy Gramercy’s operating partnership, were determined to be VIEs, for which the Company was the primary beneficiary due to its majority ownership and ability to exercise control over every aspect of the partnerships’ operations. Because the operating partnerships were already consolidated in the Company’s balance sheets, the revised guidance had no impact on the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements. There were no other legal entities qualifying under the scope of the revised guidance that were consolidated as a result of the adoption. In addition, there were no voting interest entities under prior existing guidance that were determined to be VIEs under the revised guidance. Following the adoption of the Company’s Fourth Amended and Restated Partnership Agreement, which was effective in April 2016, the Company’s Operating Partnership became its active operating partnership entity and Legacy Gramercy’s operating partnership became a disregarded entity. The assets and liabilities of the Company and its Operating Partnership are substantially the same, as the Company does not have any significant assets other than its investments in the Operating Partnership. All of the Company's debt is also an obligation of the Operating Partnership.
The Company had three consolidated VIEs as of September 30, 2016 and two consolidated VIEs as of December 31, 2015. The Company had four unconsolidated VIEs as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The following is a summary of the Company’s involvement with VIEs as of September 30, 2016:
 
Company carrying value-assets
 
Company carrying value-liabilities
 
Face value of assets held by the VIEs
 
Face value of liabilities issued by the VIEs
Assets
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Consolidated VIEs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating Partnership
$
5,183,230

 
$
2,409,055

 
$
5,183,230

 
$
2,409,055

Proportion Foods
$
16,850

 
$
4,494

 
$
16,850

 
$
17,343

Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Manager)
$
1,028

 
$
13

 
$
1,028

 
$
1,366

Unconsolidated VIEs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Carry Co.)
$

 
$

 
$
37

 
$

Retained CDO Bonds
$
8,439

 
$

 
$
1,022,686

 
$
1,117,564


11

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

The following is a summary of the Company’s involvement with VIEs as of December 31, 2015:
 
Company carrying value-assets
 
Company carrying value-liabilities
 
Face value of assets held by the VIEs
 
Face value of liabilities issued by the VIEs
Assets
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Consolidated VIEs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Proportion Foods
$
7,949

 
$
16

 
$
7,949

 
$
8,183

Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Manager)
$
334

 
$
832

 
$
334

 
$
832

Unconsolidated VIEs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Carry Co.)
$

 
$

 
$
11

 
$
16

Retained CDO Bonds
$
7,471

 
$

 
$
1,382,373

 
$
1,282,583

Consolidated VIEs
Proportion Foods
In December 2015, the Company entered into a non-recourse financing arrangement with Big Proportion Austin LLC, or BIG, for a build-to-suit industrial property in Round Rock, Texas. Concurrently, the Company entered into a forward purchase agreement with BIG, pursuant to which the Company will acquire the property, which is 100.0% leased to Proportion Foods, or Proportion Foods, upon substantial completion of the facility’s development. The Company has determined that Proportion Foods is a VIE, as the equity holders of the entity do not have controlling financial interests and the obligation to absorb losses. The Company controls the activities that most significantly affect the economic outcome of Proportion Foods through its financing arrangement to fund the property’s development and its forward purchase agreement with BIG. As such, the Company has concluded that it is the entity’s primary beneficiary and has consolidated the VIE. The Company has a note receivable from BIG related to the financing arrangement, which is a note payable for BIG and thus eliminates upon consolidation of the VIE.
The construction of the facility on the property is expected to be completed in December 2016 and the Company has committed $24,950 in financing for the construction. BIG is responsible for funding in excess of the $24,950 mortgage note. As of September 30, 2016, the Company has funded $12,849 for the property.
Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Manager)
In connection with the Company’s December 2014 investment in the Gramercy European Property Fund, the Company acquired equity interests in the entity, hereinafter European Fund Manager, which provides investment and asset management services to the Gramercy European Property Fund. The Company has determined that European Fund Manager is a VIE, as the equity holders of that entity do not have controlling financial interests and the obligation to absorb losses. As Gramercy Europe Asset Management, through an investment advisory agreement with the VIE, controls the activities that most significantly affect the economic outcome of European Fund Manager, the Company has concluded that it is the entity’s primary beneficiary and has consolidated the VIE.
European Fund Manager is expected to generate net cash inflows for the Company in the form of management fees in the future, however, if the VIE’s cash inflows are not sufficient to cover its obligations, the Company may provide financial support for the VIE.
Unconsolidated VIEs
Gramercy Europe Asset Management (European Fund Carry Co.)
In connection with the Company’s December 2014 investment in the Gramercy European Property Fund, the Company acquired equity interests in the entity, hereinafter European Fund Carry Co., entitled to receive certain

12

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

preferential distributions, if any, made from time-to-time by the Gramercy European Property Fund. The Company has determined that European Fund Carry Co. is a VIE, as the equity holders of the entity do not have controlling financial interests and the obligation to absorb losses. Decisions that most significantly affect the economic performance of European Fund Carry Co. are decided by a majority vote of the VIE’s shareholders. As such, the Company does not have a controlling financial interest in the VIE and has accounted for it as an equity investment.
As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, European Fund Carry Co. had net assets of $37 and $(5).
Investment in Retained CDO Bonds
The Company holds non-investment grade subordinate bonds, preferred shares and ordinary shares of three collateralized debt obligations, or the Retained CDO Bonds, which it recognized subsequent to the disposal of its Gramercy Finance segment, or Gramercy Finance, and exit from the commercial real estate finance business in March 2013. The Company is not obligated to provide any financial support to these collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss is limited to its interest in the Retained CDO Bonds and the Company does not control the activities that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance.
Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations
As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company had one and six assets classified as held for sale, respectively, which represent Chambers properties that qualified as held for sale as of the closing date of the Merger and are included within discontinued operations, in accordance with ASC 360, as these assets acquired in the Merger do not align with the Company’s investment strategy and therefore will be sold. Real estate investments to be disposed of are reported at the lower of carrying amount or estimated fair value, less costs to sell. Once an asset is classified as held for sale, depreciation and amortization expense is no longer recorded. Refer to Note 3 for further information on the Company’s assets held for sale and discontinued operations.
Tenant and Other Receivables
Tenant and other receivables are derived from management fees, rental revenue and tenant reimbursements.
Management fees, including incentive management fees, are recognized as earned in accordance with the terms of the management agreements. The management agreements may contain provisions for fees related to dispositions, administration of the assets including fees related to accounting, valuation and legal services, and management of capital improvements or projects on the underlying assets.
Rental revenue is recorded on a straight-line basis over the initial term of the lease. Since many leases provide for rental increases at specified intervals, straight-line basis accounting requires the Company to record a receivable, and include in revenues, unbilled rent receivables that will only be received if the tenant makes all rent payments required through the expiration of the initial term of the lease. Tenant and other receivables also include receivables related to tenant reimbursements for common area maintenance expenses and certain other recoverable expenses that are recognized as revenue in the period in which the related expenses are incurred.
Tenant and other receivables are recorded net of the allowances for doubtful accounts, which as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015 were $43 and $204, respectively. The Company continually reviews receivables related to rent, tenant reimbursements, and management fees, including incentive fees, and determines collectability by taking into consideration the tenant or asset management client’s payment history, the financial condition of the tenant or asset management client, business conditions in the industry in which the tenant or asset management client operates and economic conditions in the area in which the property or asset management client is located. In the event that the collectability of a receivable is in doubt, the Company increases the allowance for doubtful accounts or records a direct write-off of the receivable.
Deferred Costs
Deferred costs consist of deferred financing costs, deferred acquisition costs, and deferred leasing costs. Deferred costs are presented net of accumulated amortization.
The Company’s deferred financing costs are comprised of costs associated with the Company’s unsecured credit facilities and include commitment fees, issuance costs, and legal and other third-party costs associated with obtaining

13

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

the related financing. Deferred financing costs are amortized on a straight-line or effective interest basis over the contractual terms of the respective agreements and the amortization is reflected as interest expense. Unamortized deferred financing costs are expensed when the associated debt is refinanced or repaid before maturity. Costs incurred in seeking financing transactions that do not close are expensed in the period in which it is determined that the financing will not close. During the first quarter of 2016, the Company adopted accounting guidance related to the presentation of deferred financing costs on the balance sheet and reclassified amounts from the deferred costs line pertaining to debt arrangements other than its unsecured credit facilities, that were within the asset section, to instead be netted against the corresponding debt liability for all periods presented. See “Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements” below for further discussion of the new accounting guidance on deferred financing costs.
The Company’s deferred acquisition costs consist primarily of lease inducement fees paid to secure acquisitions and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term as a reduction of rental revenue.
The Company’s deferred leasing costs include direct costs, such as lease commissions, incurred to initiate and renew operating leases and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the related lease term as a reduction from rental revenue.
Fair Value Measurements
At September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company measured its Retained CDO Bonds, derivative instruments, and CBRE Strategic Partners Asia on a recurring basis and measured its real estate investments classified as held for sale at Merger closing on a non-recurring basis. ASC 820-10, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” among other things, establishes a hierarchical disclosure framework associated with the level of pricing observability utilized in measuring financial instruments and other assets and liabilities at fair value. Considerable judgment is necessary to interpret market data and develop estimated fair values. Accordingly, fair values are not necessarily indicative of the amounts the Company could realize on disposition of these assets and liabilities. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, or an exit price. The level of pricing observability generally correlates to the degree of judgment utilized in measuring the fair value of financial instruments and other assets and liabilities. The investment manager of CBRE Strategic Partners Asia applies valuation techniques for the Company’s investment carried at fair value based upon the application of the income approach, the direct market comparison approach, the replacement cost approach or third-party appraisals to the underlying assets held in the unconsolidated entity in determining the net asset value attributable to the Company’s ownership interest therein. The three broad levels defined are as follows:
Level I – This level is comprised of financial instruments and other assets and liabilities that have quoted prices that are available in liquid markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level II – This level is comprised of financial instruments and other assets and liabilities for which quoted prices are available but which are traded less frequently and instruments that are measured at fair value using management’s judgment, where the inputs into the determination of fair value can be directly observed.
Level III – This level is comprised of financial instruments and other assets and liabilities that have little to no pricing observability as of the reported date. These financial instruments do not have active markets and are measured using management’s best estimate of fair value, where the inputs into the determination of fair value require significant management judgment and assumptions.
For further discussion regarding fair value measurements see Note 9, “Fair Value Measurements.”
Revenue Recognition
Real Estate Investments
Rental revenue from leases on real estate investments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease, regardless of when payments are contractually due. The excess of rental revenue recognized over the amounts contractually due according to the underlying leases are included in deferred revenue on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. For leases on properties that are under construction at the time of acquisition, the Company begins recognition of rental revenue upon completion of construction of the leased asset and delivery of the leased asset to the tenant.

14

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

The Company’s lease agreements with tenants also generally contain provisions that require tenants to reimburse the Company for real estate taxes, insurance costs, common area maintenance costs, and other property-related expenses. Under lease arrangements in which the Company is the primary obligor for these expenses, such amounts are recognized as both revenues and operating expenses for the Company. Under lease arrangements in which the tenant pays these expenses directly, such amounts are not included in revenues or expenses. These reimbursement amounts are recognized in the period in which the related expenses are incurred.
The Company recognizes sales of real estate properties only upon closing. Payments received from purchasers prior to closing are recorded as deposits. Profit on real estate sold is recognized using the full accrual method upon closing when the collectability of the sale price is reasonably assured and the Company is not obligated to perform significant activities after the sale. Profit may be deferred in whole or part until the sale meets the requirements of profit recognition on sale of real estate.
Asset Management Business
The Company’s asset and property management agreements may contain provisions for fees related to dispositions, administration of the assets including fees related to accounting, valuation and legal services, and management of capital improvements or projects on the underlying assets. The Company recognizes revenue for fees pursuant to its management agreements in the period in which they are earned. Management fees received prior to the date earned are included in deferred revenue on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Certain of the Company’s asset management contracts include provisions that may allow it to earn additional fees, generally described as incentive fees or profit participation interests, based on the achievement of a targeted valuation of the managed assets or the achievement of a certain internal rate of return on the managed assets. The Company recognizes incentive fees on its asset management contracts based upon the amount that would be due pursuant to the contract, if the contract were terminated at the reporting date. If the contract may be terminated at will, revenue will only be recognized for the amount that would be due pursuant to that termination. If the incentive fee is a fixed amount, only a proportionate share of revenue is recognized at the reporting date, with the remaining fees recognized on a straight-line basis over the measurement period. The values of incentive management fees are periodically evaluated by management. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recognized incentive fees of $2,931 and $18,121, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recognized incentive fees of $111 and $3,082, respectively.
In the third quarter of 2016, concurrent with the formation of Strategic Office Partners, the Company entered into property management and leasing agreements with the venture, which provide for fees related to property management, property management, and leasing services. Additionally, the Company will receive an asset management fee of 0.35% of aggregate purchase price as well as a 5.0% promoted interest after achieving an internal rate of return of 13.5% from our investment in Strategic Office Partners.
Investment and Other Income
Investment income consists primarily of income accretion on the Company’s Retained CDO Bonds, which are measured at fair value on a quarterly basis using a discounted cash flow model, as well as realized foreign currency exchange gains (losses).
Share-Based Compensation Plans
The Company has share-based compensation plans, described more fully in Note 11. The Company accounts for share-based awards using the fair value recognition provisions. Awards of shares or restricted shares are expensed as compensation over the benefit period and may require inputs that are highly subjective and require significant management judgment and analysis to develop. The Company assumes a forfeiture rate which impacts the amount of aggregate compensation cost recognized. In accordance with the provisions of the Company’s share-based compensation plans, the Company accepts the return of its common shares at the current quoted market price to satisfy minimum statutory tax-withholding requirements related to shares that vested during the period. The Company also grants awards pursuant to its share-based compensation plans in the form of limited partnership interests in the Company’s Operating Partnership, or LTIP Units.

15

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Foreign Currency
Gramercy Europe Asset Management operates an asset and property management business located in the United Kingdom. The Company owns one property located in the United Kingdom, two properties in Canada, and has unconsolidated equity investments in Europe and Asia. The Company also has outstanding borrowings denominated in euros and British pounds sterling under the multicurrency portion of its revolving credit facility. Refer to Note 5 for more information on the Company’s foreign unconsolidated equity investments.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company has interests in Europe and Canada, for which the functional currencies are the euro, the British pound sterling and the Canadian dollar. The Company performs the translation from the euro, the British pound sterling or the Canadian dollar, to the U.S. dollar for assets and liabilities using the exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for revenues and expenses using a weighted-average exchange rate during the period. The Company reports the gains and losses resulting from such translation as a component of other comprehensive income (loss). The Company recorded net translation gains (losses) of $(1,120) and $(3,687) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively. The Company recorded a net translation loss of $(360) and $(309) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. These translation gains and losses are reclassified to earnings when the Company has substantially exited from all investments in the related currency.
Foreign Currency Transactions
A transaction gain or loss realized upon settlement of a foreign currency transaction will be included in earnings during the period in which the transaction is settled. Foreign currency intercompany transactions that are scheduled for settlement are included in the determination of net income.
Intercompany foreign currency transactions of a long-term nature that do not have a planned or foreseeable future settlement date, and in which the entities to the transactions are consolidated or accounted for by the equity method in the Company’s financial statements, are not included in net income but are reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss).
Net realized gains (losses) are recognized on foreign currency transactions in connection with the transfer of cash between foreign operations of subsidiaries or equity investments and the parent company. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recognized net realized foreign currency transaction gains (losses) of $185 and $104, respectively, on such transactions. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recognized net realized foreign currency transaction losses of $15 and $25, respectively, on such transactions.

16

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Derivatives and Non-Derivative Hedging Instruments
In the normal course of business, the Company is exposed to the effect of interest rate and foreign exchange rate changes. The Company limits these risks by following established risk management policies and procedures, including the use of derivatives and non-derivative net investment hedges. The Company uses a variety of derivative instruments that are considered “plain vanilla” derivatives to manage, or hedge, interest rate risk. The Company enters into derivative and hedging instruments that will be maximally effective in reducing the interest rate risk and foreign currency exchange rate risk exposure that they are designated to hedge. This effectiveness is essential for qualifying for hedge accounting. Instruments that meet these hedging criteria are formally designated as hedges at the inception of the derivative contract. The Company’s derivatives and non-derivative hedging instruments typically include interest rate swaps, caps, collars and floors, foreign currency forward contracts, as well as non-derivative net investment hedges. The Company expressly prohibits the use of unconventional derivative instruments and the use of derivative instruments for trading or speculative purposes. Further, the Company has a policy of only entering into contracts with major financial institutions based upon their credit ratings and other factors.
The Company recognizes all derivatives on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value. Derivatives that are not designated as hedges must be adjusted to fair value through income. If a derivative is a hedge, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of the derivative will either be offset against the change in fair value of the hedged asset, liability or firm commitment through earnings, or recognized in other comprehensive income until the hedged item is recognized in earnings. The ineffective portion of a hedging derivative’s change in fair value is immediately recognized in earnings. Derivative accounting may increase or decrease reported net income and shareholders’ equity prospectively, depending on future levels of the London Interbank Offered Rate, or LIBOR, swap spreads, foreign exchange rates, and other variables affecting the fair values of derivative instruments and hedged items, but will have no effect on cash flows, provided the contract is carried through to full term.
The Company’s non-derivative hedging instrument, the multicurrency tranche of the Company’s 2015 Revolving Credit Facility, is reported at carrying value on its Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. As the Company’s non-derivative net investment hedges are denominated in euros and British pounds sterling, the Company translates the carrying value of the hedges from foreign currency into its functional and reporting currency of U.S. dollars at the period-ending rate and reports this value in its financial statements, with the foreign currency translation adjustments associated with the hedged net investments reported in the cumulative translation adjustment within other comprehensive income (loss). Refer to Note 10 for more information on the Company’s derivatives and non-derivative hedging instruments.
Other Assets
The Company makes payments for certain expenses such as insurance and property taxes in advance of the period in which it receives the benefit. These payments are classified as other assets and amortized over the respective period of benefit relating to the contractual arrangement. Other assets also includes deposits related to pending acquisitions and financing arrangements, as required by a seller or lender, respectively. Additionally, other assets includes costs of software purchased for internal use and as well as the value of contracts assumed by the Company pursuant to a business combination, such as asset or property management contracts.
Servicing Advances Receivable
The Company’s servicing advances receivable consisted of its accrual for the reimbursement of servicing advances, including expenses such as legal fees and professional fees incurred while the Company was the collateral manager of the CDOs, which were recognized as part of the disposal of Gramercy Finance in March 2013. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company received reimbursements from servicing advances of $1,390. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company did not receive any reimbursements. As of September 30, 2016, there were no servicing advances receivable and as of December 31, 2015, there were servicing advances receivable of $1,382. All servicing advances were received as of March 30, 2016, thus there will be no future activity related to servicing advances.

17

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Retained CDO Bonds
The Company recognized its Retained CDO Bonds at fair value in March 2013 subsequent to the disposal of Gramercy Finance. Management estimated the timing and amount of cash flows expected to be collected and recognized an investment in the Retained CDO Bonds equal to the net present value of these discounted cash flows. There is no guarantee that the Company will realize any proceeds from this investment, or what the timing will be for the expected remaining life of the Retained CDO Bonds. The Company considers these investments to be not of high credit quality and does not expect a full recovery of interest and principal. Therefore, the Company has suspended interest income accruals on these investments. On a quarterly basis, the Company evaluates the Retained CDO Bonds to determine whether significant changes in estimated cash flows or unrealized losses on these investments, if any, reflect a decline in value which is other-than-temporary. If there is a decrease in estimated cash flows and the investment is in an unrealized loss position, the Company will record an other-than-temporary impairment, or OTTI, in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. To determine the component of the OTTI related to expected credit losses, the Company compares the amortized cost basis of the Retained CDO Bonds to the present value of the revised expected cash flows, discounted using the pre-impairment yield. Conversely, if the security is in an unrealized gain position and there is a decrease or significant increase in expected cash flows, the Company will prospectively adjust the yield using the effective yield method. Refer to Note 9 for further discussion regarding the fair value measurement of the Retained CDO Bonds. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company recognized no OTTI on its Retained CDO Bonds.
A summary of the Company’s Retained CDO Bonds as of September 30, 2016 is as follows:
Description
 
Number of Securities
 
Face Value
 
Amortized Cost
 
Gross Unrealized Gain
 
Other-than-temporary impairment
 
Fair Value
 
Weighted Average Expected Life
Available for Sale, Non- investment Grade:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Retained CDO Bonds
 
9

 
$
382,104

 
$
7,888

 
$
551

 
$

 
$
8,439

 
1.9
Total
 
9

 
$
382,104

 
$
7,888

 
$
551

 
$

 
$
8,439

 
1.9
The following table summarizes the activity related to credit losses on the Retained CDO Bonds for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and for the year ended December 31, 2015:
 
2016
 
2015
Balance as of January 1, 2016 and January 1, 2015, respectively, of credit losses on Retained CDO Bonds for which a portion of an OTTI was recognized in other comprehensive income
$
3,196

 
$
6,818

Additions to credit losses:
 
 
 
On Retained CDO Bonds for which an OTTI was not previously recognized

 

On Retained CDO Bonds for which an OTTI was previously recognized and a portion of an OTTI was recognized in other comprehensive income

 

On Retained CDO Bonds for which an OTTI was previously recognized without any portion of OTTI recognized in other comprehensive income

 

Reduction for credit losses:
 
 
 
On Retained CDO Bonds for which no OTTI was recognized in other comprehensive income at current measurement date

 

On Retained CDO Bonds sold during the period

 

On Retained CDO Bonds charged off during the period

 

For increases in cash flows expected to be collected that are recognized over the remaining life of the Retained CDO Bonds
(841
)
 
(3,622
)
Balance as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, of credit losses (gains) on Retained CDO Bonds for which a portion of an OTTI was recognized in other comprehensive income 
$
2,355

 
$
3,196


18

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Income Taxes
The Company elected to be taxed as a REIT, under Sections 856 through 860 of the Internal Revenue Code, beginning with its taxable year ended December 31, 2004. To qualify as a REIT, the Company must meet certain organizational and operational requirements, including a requirement to distribute at least 90.0% of its ordinary taxable income, to shareholders. As a REIT, the Company generally will not be subject to U.S. federal income tax on taxable income that the Company distributes to its shareholders. If the Company fails to qualify as a REIT in any taxable year, it will then be subject to U.S. federal income taxes on taxable income at regular corporate rates and will not be permitted to qualify for treatment as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes for four years following the year during which qualification is lost unless the Internal Revenue Service grants the Company relief under certain statutory provisions. Such an event could materially adversely affect the Company’s net income and net cash available for distributions to shareholders. However, the Company believes that it will be organized and will operate in such a manner as to qualify for treatment as a REIT and the Company intends to operate in the foreseeable future in such a manner so that it will qualify as a REIT for U.S. federal income tax purposes. The Company is subject to certain state and local taxes. The Company’s TRSs are subject to federal, state and local taxes.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company recorded $331 and $3,734 of income tax expense, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company recorded $985 and $2,116 of income tax expense, respectively. Tax expense for each year is comprised of federal, state, local, and foreign taxes. Income taxes, primarily related to the Company’s TRSs, are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis and operating loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. A valuation allowance is provided if the Company believes it is more likely than not that all or a portion of a deferred tax asset will not be realized. Any increase or decrease in a valuation allowance is included in the tax provision when such a change occurs.
The Company’s policy for interest and penalties, if any, on material uncertain tax positions recognized in the financial statements is to classify these as interest expense and operating expense, respectively.
Earnings Per Share
The Company presents both basic and diluted earnings per share, or EPS. Basic EPS excludes dilutive instruments and is computed by dividing net income available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of vested common shares outstanding during the period. The Company has adopted the two-class computation method, and thus includes all participating securities in the computation of basic shares for the periods in which the Company has net income available to common shares outstanding. Diluted EPS reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common shares were exercised or converted into common shares, as long as their inclusion would not be anti-dilutive. Refer to Note 11 for further discussion of the computation of EPS.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash investments, debt investments and accounts receivable. The Company places its cash investments in excess of insured amounts with high quality financial institutions.

19

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Concentrations of credit risk also arise when a number of the Company’s tenants or asset management clients are engaged in similar business activities or are subject to similar economic risks or conditions that could cause their inability to meet contractual obligations to the Company. The Company regularly monitors its portfolio to assess potential concentrations of credit risk. Management believes the current credit risk portfolio is reasonably well diversified. Asset management clients KBS Real Estate Investment Trust, Inc., or KBS, and Gramercy Europe Asset Management accounted for 82.8% and 15.9% of the Company’s management fee income for the three months ended September 30, 2016, respectively, and KBS accounted for 90.5% of the Company’s management fee income for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. KBS and Gramercy Europe Asset Management accounted for 81.1% and 10.4% of the Company’s management fee income revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, and KBS accounted for 84.0% of the Company’s management fee income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. One tenant, Bank of America, N.A., accounted for 13.7% and 13.3% of the Company’s rental revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively. Bank of America, N.A. and Healthy Way of Life II, LLC (d.b.a. Life Time Fitness) accounted for 21.2% and 11.6% of the Company’s rental revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2015, respectively, and Bank of America, N.A. accounted for 26.4% of the Company’s rental revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2015. Additionally, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, there were three states, California, Florida, and Texas, that each accounted for 10.0% or more of the Company’s rental revenue.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, or GAAP, requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model requiring a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount reflecting the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance also requires enhanced disclosures related to the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-10, which amends the new revenue recognition guidance on identifying performance obligations. The new revenue recognition guidance is effective for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted for the first interim period within annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. Companies may use either a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach to adopt the new guidance. The Company is currently evaluating the guidance to determine the impact it may have on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In February 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-02, Amendments to the Consolidation Analysis, which amends the current consolidation guidance, including introducing a separate consolidation analysis specific to limited partnerships and other similar entities. Under this analysis, limited partnerships and other similar entities will be considered a VIE unless the limited partners hold substantive kick-out rights or participating rights. The guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2016, which did not result in changes to the Company’s conclusions regarding consolidation of applicable entities.
In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-03, Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs, which serves to simplify the presentation of debt issuance costs in a company’s financial statements. The amendments in the update require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that liability. The update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-15, Interest – Imputation of Interest, which allows an entity to present the debt issuance costs from a line-of-credit arrangement as an asset. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2016 and reclassified amounts in each period presented. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements as the update relates only to changes in financial statement presentation. See the “Reclassification” section above for further details on the adoption of this guidance.

20

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

In April 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-05, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal-Use Software: Customer’s Accounting for Fees Paid in a Cloud Computing Arrangement. The update requires companies to account for the software license element of a cloud computing arrangement consistent with the acquisition of other software licenses and other licenses of intangible assets. The update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2015, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted this guidance during the first quarter of 2016. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases, which amends the existing accounting standards for lease accounting, including requiring lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets and making targeted changes to lessor accounting. The update will be effective beginning in the first quarter of 2019 and early adoption is permitted. The new standard requires a modified retrospective transition approach for all leases existing at, or entered into after, the date of initial application, with an option to use certain transition relief. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the new leases standard on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The update serves to simplify the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification of awards on the statement of cash flows. The guidance in the ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted for any interim or annual period. The Company has not elected early adoption of the amendments in the updates and expects that the new guidance will not have a material impact on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses, which amends the existing accounting guidance related to credit losses on financial instruments. The amendments in the update replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in the current accounting standards with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. The update is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the update on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments, which serves to reduce the diversity in practice in how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The update is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the update on its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
3. Dispositions, Assets Held for Sale, and Discontinued Operations
Real Estate Dispositions
During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company sold ten and 20 properties, respectively. The 20 properties sold in 2016 comprised an aggregate 5,070,129 square feet. The property sales generated gross proceeds of $394,241 and $1,041,941 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, respectively. Of the properties sold during the three months ended September 30, 2016, six properties comprising an aggregate 980,825 square feet and with a total value of $187,500 were contributed to Strategic Office Partners, in which the Company has a 25.0% interest. Refer to Note 5 for further information on Strategic Office Partners. The Company recognized an impairment on real estate investments of $1,053 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 related to the properties sold during the period. The Company recognized $2,336 in gains on disposals during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016. Of the properties sold in 2016, 16 of the sales were structured as like-kind exchanges within the meaning of Section 1031 of the IRC. As a result of the sales, the Company deposited $617,873 of the total sales proceeds into an IRC Section 1031 exchange escrow account with a qualified intermediary. The Company then used $460,191 of these funds as consideration for 36 property acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2016. Five of the properties sold during the nine months ended September 30, 2016, which were sold for gross proceeds of $386,000, represent properties assumed in the Merger that were designated as held for sale at the time of Merger closing, and are thus included in discontinued operations for all periods presented.

21

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, the Company sold two and five properties, respectively. The five properties sold in the nine months ended September 30, 2015 comprised an aggregate 336,000 square feet. The property sales generated gross proceeds of $70,100 and $78,719 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. The Company recognized $392 and $742 in gains on disposals during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. The Company recognized impairments of $0 and $149 during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015, respectively. Three of the properties sold in 2015 were structured as like-kind exchanges within the meaning of Section 1031 of the IRC. As a result of the sales, the Company deposited $8,619 of the total sales proceeds into an IRC Section 1031 exchange escrow account with a qualified intermediary. The Company then used $8,619 of these funds as consideration for two property acquisitions during the nine months ended September 30, 2015.
Assets Held for Sale
The Company separately classifies properties held for sale in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The Company had one and six assets classified as held for sale as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. In the normal course of business, the Company identifies non-strategic assets for sale. Changes in the market may compel the Company to decide to classify a property held for sale or classify a property that was designated as held for sale back to held for investment. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, the Company did not reclassify any properties previously identified as held for sale to held for investment.
The following table summarizes the assets held for sale and liabilities related to the assets held for sale as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015:
Assets held for sale
September 30, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
Real estate investments
$
9,950

 
$
348,582

Acquired lease assets
607

 
61,804

Other assets
452

 
10,099

Total assets
11,009

 
420,485

Liabilities related to assets held for sale
 
 
 
Mortgage notes payable, net

 
260,704

Below-market lease liabilities

 
16,518

Other liabilities
129

 
14,142

Total liabilities
129

 
291,364

Net assets held for sale
$
10,880

 
$
129,121


22

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Discontinued Operations
The following operating results for Gramercy Finance, the assets previously sold, and the assets that were assumed in the Merger and simultaneously designated as held for sale for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Operating Results:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
262

 
$
19

 
$
6,258

 
$
(10
)
Operating expenses
(58
)
 
(46
)
 
(2,293
)
 
202

General and administrative expense
(3
)
 
(14
)
 
(41
)
 
(175
)
Interest expense
148

 

 
(807
)
 

Depreciation and amortization
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 

Gain on extinguishment of debt

 

 
1,930

 

Net income from discontinued operations
$
347

 
$
(41
)
 
$
5,045

 
$
17

Discontinued operations have not been segregated in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The table below presents additional relevant information pertaining to results of discontinued operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015, including depreciation, amortization, capital expenditures, and significant operating and investing noncash items:
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2016
 
2015
Amortization expense
 
$
2

 
$

Significant operating noncash items
 
(9,647
)
 

Total
 
$
(9,645
)
 
$

4. Real Estate Investments
Property Acquisitions
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company acquired 48 properties comprising 11,464,734 square feet for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $862,341. The acquisitions in 2016 include seven properties distributed to the Company from the Duke JV which comprise 4,189,630 square feet and a build-to-suit property with projected 240,800 square feet. The Company previously owned an 80.0% interest in these properties through its interest in the joint venture. The fair value of these properties at 100.0% was $276,100. During the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company acquired 144 properties comprising 33,800,146 square feet for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $3,726,563. The acquisitions in 2015 include 95 properties acquired as part of the Merger which comprise 24,560,739 square feet and a build-to-suit property with projected 200,411 square feet.
The Company recorded revenues and net income for the three months ended September 30, 2016 of $1,835 and $706, respectively, related to its real estate acquisitions during the period. The Company recorded revenues and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 of $21,054 and $6,628, respectively, related to its acquisitions during the period. The Company recorded revenues and net income for the three months ended September 30, 2015 of $1,335 and $543, respectively, related to its real estate acquisitions during the period. The Company recorded revenues and net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 of $38,055 and $10,802, respectively, related to its acquisitions during the period.

23

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Property Purchase Price Allocations
The Company is currently analyzing the fair value of the lease and real estate assets of 26 and one of its property investments acquired in 2016 and 2015, respectively, and accordingly, the purchase price allocations for these properties are preliminary and subject to change. The initial recording of the assets is summarized as follows:
 
 
 
 
Preliminary Allocations recorded
Period of Acquisition
 
Number of Acquisitions
 
Real Estate Assets
 
Intangible Assets
 
Intangible Liabilities
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
26
 
$
420,685

 
$
62,425

 
$
11,648

Year Ended December 31, 2015(1)
 
1
 
$
7,947

 
$

 
$

(1)
Allocations exclude the properties acquired as part of the Merger, which are separately disclosed below in the section, “Merger with Chambers.” Additionally, allocations shown represent the real estate assets of Proportion Foods, a consolidated VIE. Refer to Note 2 for more information on Proportion Foods.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and the year ended December 31, 2015, the Company finalized the purchase price allocations for 34 and 136 properties acquired in prior periods, respectively, for which the Company had recorded preliminary purchase price allocations at the time of acquisition. The aggregate changes from the preliminary purchase price allocations to the finalized purchase price allocations, in accordance with ASU 2015-16, are shown in the table below:
 
 
Preliminary Allocations recorded
 
Finalized Allocations recorded
Period Finalized
 
No. of Acquisitions
 
Real Estate Assets
 
Intangible Assets
 
Intangible Liabilities
 
Real Estate Assets
 
Intangible Assets
 
Intangible Liabilities
 
Increase (Decrease) to Rental Revenue
 
Increase to Depreciation and Amortization Expense
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
34
 
$
701,513

 
$
6,049

 
$
1,037

 
$
665,748

 
$
48,499

 
$
7,722

 
$
(30
)
 
$
(7
)
Year Ended December 31, 2015(1)
 
136
 
$
1,373,360

 
$
320,066

 
$
81,961

 
$
1,535,763

 
$
302,083

 
$
226,381

 
$
2,307

 
$
(205
)
(1)
Allocations for the year ended December 31, 2015 include the 67 properties acquired as part of a portfolio of properties primarily leased to Bank of America, N.A.

24

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Pro Forma
The following table summarizes, on an unaudited pro forma basis, the Company’s combined results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 as though the acquisitions closed during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 and 2015 were completed on January 1, 2015. The supplemental pro forma operating data is not necessarily indicative of what the actual results of operations would have been assuming the transaction had been completed as set forth above, nor do they purport to represent the Company’s results of operations for future periods. The table includes pro forma operating results for the assets acquired in the Merger.
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Pro forma revenues(1)
$
126,644

 
$
121,652

 
$
378,674

 
$
363,337

Pro forma net income available to common shareholders(1), (2)
$
(5,643
)
 
$
13,157

 
$
16,729

 
$
41,706

Pro forma income per common share-basic
$
(0.01
)
 
$
0.07

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.25

Pro forma income per common share-diluted
$
(0.01
)
 
$
0.07

 
$
0.04

 
$
0.24

Pro forma common shares-basic
420,772,508

 
183,945,495

 
423,542,467

 
169,781,590

Pro forma common share-diluted
420,772,508

 
187,683,631

 
427,163,126

 
175,551,239

(1)
The pro forma results for all periods presented include adjustments to reflect the Company’s continuing 5.1% interest in the Goodman Europe JV, its 100.0% interest in the seven properties it received through distribution from the Duke JV on June 30, 2016, and its 25.0% interest in Strategic Office Partners.
(2)
Net income for each period has been adjusted for acquisition costs related to the property acquisitions during the period.
Merger with Chambers
As described in Note 1, on December 17, 2015, the Company completed a merger transaction in which Legacy Gramercy merged with and into a subsidiary of Chambers. In accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, the Merger was accounted for as a reverse acquisition, with Chambers as the legal acquirer and Legacy Gramercy as the accounting acquirer for financial reporting purposes. At Merger closing, each share of Legacy Gramercy common stock, par value $0.001 per share, that was issued and outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the Merger, was canceled and converted into the right to receive 3.1898 common shares, par value $0.01 per share, of the Company. Because the Merger is accounted for as a reverse acquisition, consideration for the Merger is computed as if Legacy Gramercy had issued its equity interests to Chambers shareholders. Consideration for the Merger was $1,829,241, based on Legacy Gramercy’s closing stock price of $24.63 on December 17, 2015, the number of Chambers common shares outstanding at the close of the Merger, and the Merger Agreement exchange ratio of 3.1898 set forth in the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of July 1, 2015, or the Merger Agreement.

25

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company finalized the purchase price allocation for the Merger. The following table summarizes the finalized purchase price allocation:
Assets
 
Investments:
 
Land
$
258,451

Buildings and improvements
1,628,335

Net investments
1,886,786

Cash and cash equivalents
24,687

Restricted cash
8,990

Unconsolidated equity investments
563,888

Tenant and other receivables, net
11,166

Acquired lease assets
411,361

Deferred costs and other assets
5,002

Assets held for sale
414,187

Total assets
$
3,326,067

Liabilities
 
Mortgage notes payable
$
220,429

Revolving credit facilities and term loans
860,000

Below-market lease liabilities
41,130

Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities
82,773

Liabilities related to assets held for sale
292,494

Total liabilities
$
1,496,826

Fair value of net assets acquired
$
1,829,241

The final allocation of the purchase price was based on the Company’s assessment of the fair value of the acquired assets and liabilities. The final allocation recorded resulted in an increase to the allocation to assets acquired by $864 and an increase to the allocation to liabilities assumed by $864. The final purchase price allocation adjustment also resulted in a decrease in rental revenue of $106 and an increase in depreciation expense of $75 to record adjustments to depreciation and amortization expense related to the adjustments on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016.

26

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Acquisition of Gramercy Europe Asset Management
On December 19, 2014, the Company acquired ThreadGreen Europe Limited, a United Kingdom based property and asset management platform, which the Company subsequently renamed Gramercy Europe Limited, or Gramercy Europe Asset Management, for $3,755 and the issuance of 96,535 shares of the Company’s common stock, valued at $652 as of the date of closing. The Company accounted for the acquisition utilizing the acquisition method of accounting for business combinations. The Company initially recognized assets of $902, liabilities of $398, and goodwill of $3,887, as well as a $16 realized foreign currency transaction loss related to the acquisition and during the second quarter of 2015, the Company finalized the purchase price allocation, which resulted in an increase to the allocation to assets by $190, an increase to the allocation to liabilities by $105, a decrease to goodwill by $85, and a decrease to net income by $80 to record adjustments to amortization and incentive fees. The final allocation of the purchase price included assets of $1,092, liabilities of $503, and goodwill of $3,802. Goodwill represents the fair value of the collaboration expected to be achieved upon consummation of a business combination and is measured as the excess of consideration transferred over the net assets acquired at acquisition date. For more information on Gramercy Europe Asset Management, refer to Note 5.
5. Unconsolidated Equity Investments
The Company has investments in a variety of ventures. The Company will co-invest in entities that own multiple properties with various investors or with one partner. The Company may manage the ventures and collect asset and property management fees as well as incentive fees, otherwise known as profit participation, from its investment partners, or one of the other partners will manage the ventures for asset and property management fees as well as incentive fees. Depending on the structure of the venture, the Company’s voting interest may be different than its economic interest. As the Company does not control these ventures, the Company accounts for these investments under the equity method of accounting.
As a result of the Merger, the Company acquired an interest in four unconsolidated entities, the Duke JV, Goodman Europe JV, Goodman UK JV, and the CBRE Strategic Partners Asia, a real estate investment fund. The Company’s equity investment in the entities was fair valued on the Merger closing date, and the difference between the historical carrying value of the net assets and the fair value has been recorded as a basis difference. The basis difference is amortized to equity in net income from unconsolidated equity investments over the remaining weighted-average useful life of the underlying assets of each entity.

27

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company owned properties through unconsolidated equity investments and had investment interests in these unconsolidated entities as follows:
 
 
As of September 30, 2016
 
As of December 31, 2015
Investment
 
Ownership %
 
Voting Interest %
 
Partner
 
Investment in Unconsolidated Equity Investment(1)
 
No. of Properties
 
Investment in Unconsolidated Equity Investment(1)
 
No. of Properties
Gramercy European Property Fund (2), (3)
 
14.2
%
 
14.2
%
 
Various
 
$
52,611

 
24

 
$
23,381

 
12

Philips JV
 
25.0
%
 
25.0
%
 
Various
 

 
1

 

 
1

Duke JV(4)
 
80.0
%
 
50.0
%
 
Duke Realty
 

 

 
352,932

 
13

Goodman Europe JV (3)
 
5.1
%
 
5.1
%
 
Gramercy European Property Fund
 
9,126

 
9

 
158,863

 
9

Goodman UK JV
 
80.0
%
 
50.0
%
 
Goodman Group
 
35,525

 
3

 
36,698

 
3

CBRE Strategic Partners Asia
 
5.1
%
 
5.1
%
 
Various
 
4,557

 
2

 
5,508

 
2

Morristown JV
 
50.0
%
 
50.0
%
 
21 South Street
 
2,620

 
1

 
2,618

 
1

Strategic Office Partners
 
25.0
%
 
25.0
%
 
TPG Real Estate
 
15,737

 
6

 

 

Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
120,176

 
46

 
$
580,000

 
41

(1)
The amounts presented include basis differences of $2,603 and $6,607, net of accumulated amortization, for the Goodman Europe JV and Goodman UK JV, respectively, as of September 30, 2016. The amounts presented include basis differences of $136,198, $37,371 and $6,578, net of accumulated amortization, for the Duke JV, Goodman Europe JV, and Goodman UK JV, respectively, as of December 31, 2015.
(2)
Includes European Fund Carry Co., which has a carrying value of $9 and $0 for the Company’s 25.0% interest as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.
(3)
As of September 30, 2016, the Company has a 5.1% direct interest in the Goodman Europe JV as well as an indirect interest in the remaining 94.9% interest of Goodman Europe JV through its 14.2% interest in the Gramercy European Property Fund. In the table above, as of September 30, 2016, the Company’s 94.9% interest in Goodman Europe JV held through its 14.2% interest in the Gramercy European Property Fund is included in the amount shown for the Gramercy European Property Fund and the Company’s 5.1% direct interest in the Goodman Europe JV is presented separately as the amount shown for the Goodman Europe JV.
(4)
The Duke JV was dissolved following the sale of its final property in July 2016. The Company’s ownership and voting interest in the Duke JV that are presented here represent values prior to its dissolution.

28

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016


The following is a summary of the Company’s unconsolidated equity investments for the nine months ended September 30, 2016:
 
Unconsolidated Equity Investments
Balance as of December 31, 2015
$
580,000

Contributions to unconsolidated equity investments(1)
76,856

Equity in net loss of unconsolidated equity investments, including adjustments for basis differences
(4,061
)
Other comprehensive loss of unconsolidated equity investments
(1,086
)
Distributions from unconsolidated equity investments(2)
(395,838
)
Purchase price allocation adjustments
5,000

Gains on sale and dissolution of unconsolidated equity investment interests
12,570

Sale of unconsolidated equity investment interests
(148,884
)
Receivable from dissolution of joint venture
(644
)
Reclassification of accumulated foreign currency translation adjustments due to disposal
(3,737
)
Balance as of September 30, 2016
$
120,176

(1)
Includes the fair value of the six properties of $46,608 contributed by the Company to Strategic Office Partners.
(2)
Includes the fair value of the seven properties of $276,100 distributed by the Duke JV to the Company.
Gramercy European Property Fund
In December 2014, the Company, along with several equity investment partners, formed the Gramercy European Property Fund, a private real estate investment fund, which targets single-tenant industrial, office and specialty retail assets throughout Europe. Since inception, the equity investors, including the Company, have collectively committed and funded $395,213 (€352,500) in equity capital to the Gramercy European Property Fund. As of September 30, 2016, the commitments of all equity investors to the Gramercy European Property Fund, including the Company, have been fully funded.
On May 31, 2016, the Gramercy European Property Fund acquired the Goodman Group’s 20.0% interest in the Goodman Europe JV for a total purchase price of $47,633 (€42,766). On June 30, 2016, the Gramercy European Property Fund acquired 74.9% of the Company’s 80.0% interest in the Goodman Europe JV for a total purchase price of $148,884 (€134,336). As of September 30, 2016, the Gramercy European Property Fund owns 94.9% of the Goodman Europe JV, which holds nine properties located in Germany and France.
As of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company contributed $55,892 (€50,000) and $25,663 (€23,160) to the Gramercy European Property Fund, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2016 and the year ended December 31, 2015, the Gramercy European Property Fund acquired 12 and 12 properties, respectively, located in Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, the United Kingdom. Refer to Note 8 for additional information on the equity transactions related to the Gramercy European Property Fund and the Goodman Europe JV.
Philips JV
The Philips JV is a fee interest in 200 Franklin Square Drive, a 199,900 square foot building located in Somerset, New Jersey which is 100.0% net leased to Philips Holdings, USA Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Royal Philips Electronics through December 2021. The property is financed by a $40,130 fixed rate mortgage loan with maturity in September 2035. The loan had an anticipated repayment date in September 2015 and, as such, excess cash flow at the property began paying down the loan in September 2015. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company did not receive any distributions from the joint venture. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 the Company received distributions of $103 and $309, respectively, from the joint venture.

29

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

Duke JV
The Duke JV invested in industrial and office properties located throughout the United States. The Company’s investment partner, Duke Realty Corporation, or Duke, acted as the managing member of the Duke JV, was entitled to receive fees in connection with the services it provides to the Duke JV, including asset management, construction, development, leasing and property management services, and was entitled to a promoted interest in the Duke JV. The Company had joint approval rights with Duke over all major policy decisions.
In June 2016, the Company and Duke entered into a Dissolution and Liquidation Agreement, or the Dissolution Agreement. On June 30, 2016, pursuant to the Dissolution Agreement, the Duke JV distributed seven of its properties to the Company and one of its properties and $2,760 to Duke. As a result of the distributions, the Company recorded a gain of $7,229 in the second quarter of 2016. In July 2016, the Duke JV sold its remaining property to a third party which completed the dissolution of the joint venture, and as a result of this sale, the Company received a final distribution of $41,060 from the Duke JV. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company received cash distributions of $0 and $53,807 from the Duke JV, not including the final distribution related to dissolution.
Strategic Office Partners
    
In August 2016, the Company and TPG partnered to form Strategic Office Partners, an unconsolidated equity investment created for the purpose of acquiring, owning, operating, leasing and selling single-tenant office properties located in high-growth metropolitan areas in the United States. On September 9, 2016, the Company contributed six properties to Strategic Office Partners valued at $187,500 and in exchange, the Company received cash proceeds of $140,625, equivalent to TPG’s 75.0% interest in the venture, plus a 25.0% interest in Strategic Office Partners valued at $46,608. Concurrently with the initial funding of Strategic Office Partners, the Company received a distribution of $30,581 representing its pro rata share of loan proceeds, resulting in an initial equity investment of $16,027. As a result of the transactions, the Company recorded a gain of $2,336, which is recorded in net gain from disposals on its Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The properties comprise an aggregate 980,825 square feet.

TPG and the Company have committed an aggregate $400,000 to Strategic Office Partners, including $100,000 from the Company. The Company provides asset and property management, accounting, construction, and leasing services to Strategic Office Partners, for which it earns management fees and is entitled to a promoted interest. During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the Company contributed $46,608 to Strategic Office Partners, representing the fair value of properties contributed, and received cash distributions of $30,581 from Strategic Office Partners.
Goodman JV
The Goodman UK JV invests in industrial properties in the United Kingdom and the Goodman Europe JV invests in industrial properties in France and Germany. As noted above, during the second quarter of 2016, the Gramercy European Property Fund acquired the Goodman Group’s 20.0% interest in the Goodman Europe JV and acquired 74.9% of the Company’s 80.0% interest in the Goodman Europe JV. As of September 30, 2016, the Company has a 5.1% direct interest in the Goodman Europe JV as well as an indirect interest in the remaining 94.9% interest that is held through the Company’s 14.2% interest in the Gramercy European Property Fund.
Pursuant to the Goodman UK JV shareholder agreement, if a deadlock arises pertaining to a major decision regarding a specific property, either shareholder may exercise a buy-sell option in relation to the relevant property for the Goodman UK JV. Additionally, after the initial investment period, either shareholder wishing to exit the Goodman UK JV may exercise a buy-sell option with respect to its entire interest. The Goodman UK JV pays certain fees to certain Goodman Group subsidiaries in connection with the services they provide to the Goodman UK JV, including but not limited to investment advisory, development management and property management services. The Goodman Group is also entitled to a promoted interest in the Goodman UK JV.

30

Gramercy Property Trust
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited, amounts in thousands, except share, per share and property data)
September 30, 2016

As a result of the Gramercy European Property Fund’s acquisition of the Goodman Group’s 20.0% interest in the Goodman Europe JV, the Goodman Europe JV shareholder agreement, which previously had the same terms as that of the Goodman UK JV, was amended. In the amended Goodman Europe JV shareholder agreement, control is allocated to the joint venture partners based upon ownership interest. Following the sale transaction, the Company has a cumulative continuing 18.6% interest in the Goodman Europe JV, through its direct 5.1% ownership interest as well as its indirect ownership interest of 14.2% in the Gramercy European Property Fund which owns 94.9% of the Goodman Europe JV. Due to its continuing equity interest, the Company maintains significant influence in the Goodman Europe JV, and as a result of both of these factors, the Company continues to account for its outstanding interest in the joint venture using the equity method. Pursuant to the amended Goodman Europe JV shareholder agreement, the Goodman Europe JV pays accounting and property management fees to certain Goodman Group subsidiaries and pays investment advisory and other management-related fees to the Gramercy European Property Fund in connection with the services these entities provide to the Goodman Europe JV.
During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company received distributions of $0 and $7,375, respectively, from the Goodman Europe JV. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016, the Company did not receive any distributions from the Goodman UK JV.