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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

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Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
Form 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2016
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the transition period from                          to                         
Commission file number 001-33508
 
 
Limelight Networks, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
Delaware
 
20-1677033
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
222 South Mill Avenue, 8th Floor
Tempe, AZ 85281
(Address of principal executive offices, including Zip Code)
(602) 850-5000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  þ    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  þ    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer  þ
Non-accelerated filer  o
Smaller Reporting Company  o
               (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o  No  þ
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, as of July 19, 2016: 104,674,965 shares.
 


Table of Contents

LIMELIGHT NETWORKS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
Quarterly Period Ended June 30, 2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
 
 
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (unaudited)
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2016 (Unaudited) and December 31, 2015
 
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the Three and Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended June 30, 2016 and 2015
 
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
Item 2.
MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Item 3.
QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
Item 4.
CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
 
 
 
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
Item 1A.
RISK FACTORS
Item 2.
UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
Item 3.
DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
Item 4.
MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES
Item 5.
OTHER INFORMATION
Item 6.
EXHIBITS
 
SIGNATURES
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statement
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. All statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, other than statements of historical fact, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the words “may,” “will,” “expect,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” or “continue,” and similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events, as well as trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs. These statements include, among other things:
our expectations regarding revenue, costs and expenses;
our plans regarding investing in our content delivery network, as well as other products and technologies;
our beliefs regarding the growth of, and competition within, the content delivery industry;
our beliefs regarding the growth of our business and how that impacts our liquidity and capital resources requirements;
the impact of certain new accounting standards and guidance as well as the time and cost of continued compliance with existing rules and standards;
our plans with respect to investments in marketable securities;
our expectations regarding litigation and other pending or potential disputes;
our estimations regarding taxes and belief regarding our tax reserves;
our beliefs regarding the use of Non-GAAP financial measures;
our approach to identifying, attracting and keeping new and existing customers, as well as our expectations regarding customer turnover;
the sufficiency of our sources of funding;
our belief regarding our interest rate risk;
our beliefs regarding inflation risks;
our beliefs regarding expense and productivity of and competition for our sales force; and
our beliefs regarding the significance of our large customers.
These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions, including those described under the caption “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and those discussed in other documents we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
In addition, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for our management to predict all risks, nor can we assess the impact of all factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements we may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the future events and trends discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated or implied in the forward-looking statements.
The forward-looking statements contained herein are based on our current expectations and assumptions and on information available as of the date of the filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. We undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to these forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Given these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements.
Unless expressly indicated or the context requires otherwise, the terms "Limelight," "we," "us," and "our" in this document refer to Limelight Networks, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and, where appropriate, its wholly owned subsidiaries. All information is presented in thousands, except per share amounts, customer count and where specifically noted.



Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.        Financial Statements
Limelight Networks, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
June 30,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
30,885

 
$
44,680

Restricted cash
62,790

 

Marketable securities

 
28,322

Accounts receivable, net
24,872

 
26,795

Income taxes receivable
135

 
170

Deferred income taxes
80

 
89

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
6,278

 
9,578

Total current assets
125,040

 
109,634

Property and equipment, net
30,647

 
36,143

Marketable securities, less current portion
40

 
40

Deferred income taxes, less current portion
1,284

 
1,252

Goodwill
76,242

 
76,143

Other assets
1,903

 
2,415

Total assets
$
235,156

 
$
225,627

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
7,630

 
$
9,137

Deferred revenue
2,469

 
2,890

Capital lease obligations
1,119

 
466

Income taxes payable
165

 
204

Provision for litigation
18,000

 

Other current liabilities
10,391

 
10,857

Total current liabilities
39,774

 
23,554

Long-term debt
12,790

 

Capital lease obligations, less current portion
3,008

 
1,436

Deferred income taxes
145

 
137

Deferred revenue, less current portion
52

 
92

Provision for litigation, less current portion
36,000

 

Other long-term liabilities
1,963

 
2,311

Total liabilities
93,732

 
27,530

Commitments and contingencies

 

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Convertible preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 7,500 shares authorized; no shares issued
  and outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 104,653 and 102,299 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively
104

 
102

Additional paid-in capital
483,903

 
477,202

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(10,304
)
 
(10,812
)
Accumulated deficit
(332,279
)
 
(268,395
)
Total stockholders’ equity
141,424

 
198,097

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
235,156

 
$
225,627


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The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

5

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Limelight Networks, Inc.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
$
43,560

 
$
43,795

 
$
84,982

 
$
86,124

Cost of revenue:
 
 

 
 
 
 
Cost of services (1)
20,271

 
21,271

 
40,380

 
42,928

Depreciation — network
4,489

 
4,376

 
9,157

 
8,528

Total cost of revenue
24,760

 
25,647

 
49,537

 
51,456

Gross profit
18,800

 
18,148

 
35,445

 
34,668

Operating expenses:
 
 

 
 
 
 
General and administrative
7,241

 
6,081

 
14,049

 
12,932

Sales and marketing
8,117

 
10,002

 
17,020

 
20,278

Research and development
6,289

 
7,646

 
12,614

 
13,909

Depreciation and amortization
626

 
635

 
1,249

 
1,276

Provision for litigation
54,000

 

 
54,000

 

Total operating expenses
76,273

 
24,364

 
98,932

 
48,395

Operating loss
(57,473
)
 
(6,216
)
 
(63,487
)
 
(13,727
)
Other income (expense):
 
 

 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(279
)
 

 
(459
)
 
(4
)
Interest income
8

 
75

 
14

 
149

Other, net
(79
)
 
(131
)
 
321

 
1,682

Total other income (expense)
(350
)
 
(56
)
 
(124
)
 
1,827

Loss before income taxes
(57,823
)
 
(6,272
)
 
(63,611
)
 
(11,900
)
Income tax expense
115

 
90

 
273

 
145

Net loss
(57,938
)
 
(6,362
)
 
(63,884
)
 
(12,045
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.62
)
 
$
(0.12
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares used in per share calculation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
103,904

 
99,841

 
103,299

 
99,239

____________
(1)
Cost of services excludes amortization related to intangibles, including existing technologies, and customer relationships, which are included in depreciation and amortization.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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LIMELIGHT NETWORKS, INC.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss
(In thousands)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net loss
$
(57,938
)
 
$
(6,362
)
 
$
(63,884
)
 
$
(12,045
)
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized (loss) gain on investments

 
(19
)
 

 
42

Foreign exchange translation (loss) gain
(195
)
 
1,020

 
464

 
(2,051
)
Other comprehensive (loss) gain, net of tax
(195
)
 
1,001

 
464

 
(2,009
)
Comprehensive loss
$
(58,133
)
 
$
(5,361
)
 
$
(63,420
)
 
$
(14,054
)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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Limelight Networks, Inc.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(In thousands)
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(63,884
)
 
$
(12,045
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
10,406

 
9,804

Share-based compensation
6,789

 
6,349

Provision for litigation
54,000

 

Foreign currency remeasurement loss (gain)
166

 
(1,595
)
Deferred income taxes
14

 
(115
)
Gain on sale of property and equipment
(134
)
 

Accounts receivable (recoveries) charges
(33
)
 
470

Amortization of premium on marketable securities
19

 
106

Realized loss on marketable securities
32

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
1,957

 
(9,292
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,392

 
(202
)
Income taxes receivable
38

 
11

Other assets
508

 
1,009

Accounts payable and other current liabilities
(2,439
)
 
1,666

Deferred revenue
(461
)
 
317

Income taxes payable
(55
)
 

Other long term liabilities
(337
)
 
(444
)
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
9,978

 
(3,961
)
Investing activities
 
 
 
Purchases of marketable securities

 
(11,921
)
Sale and maturities of marketable securities
28,315

 
11,760

Change in restricted cash
(62,790
)
 

Purchases of property and equipment
(1,680
)
 
(12,061
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(36,155
)
 
(12,222
)
Financing activities
 
 
 
Principal payments on capital lease obligations
(478
)
 
(358
)
Payments of employee tax withholdings related to restricted stock vesting
(944
)
 
(1,944
)
Cash paid for purchase of common stock

 
(957
)
Proceeds from line of credit
12,790

 

Proceeds from employee stock plans
856

 
2,519

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
12,224

 
(740
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
158

 
(342
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(13,795
)
 
(17,265
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
44,680

 
57,767

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
30,885

 
$
40,502

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for interest
$
354

 
$
4

Cash paid during the period for income taxes, net of refunds
$
281

 
$
284

Property and equipment acquired through capital leases
$
2,659

 
$

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.

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Limelight Networks, Inc.
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
June 30, 2016
1. Nature of Business
Limelight operates a globally distributed, high-performance network and provides a suite of integrated services marketed under the Orchestrate Platform which include content delivery, video content management, website and web application acceleration, website and content security, and cloud storage services.
We were incorporated in Delaware in 2003, and have operated in the Phoenix metropolitan area since 2001 and elsewhere throughout the United States since 2003. We began international operations in 2004.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) for complete financial statements. Such interim financial information is unaudited but reflects all adjustments that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for the fair presentation of the interim periods presented and of a normal recurring nature. The results of operations presented in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016, or for any future periods. This quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements and footnotes included in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. All information is presented in thousands, except per share amounts and where specifically noted.
The consolidated financial statements include accounts of Limelight and our wholly owned subsidiaries. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. In addition, certain other reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts to conform to the current year presentation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the consolidated financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make judgments, assumptions, and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results and outcomes may differ from those estimates. The results of operations presented in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2016, or for any other future periods.
Recent Accounting Standards
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, which provides guidance for revenue recognition. The standard’s core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, companies will need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under today’s guidance. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. In August 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-14, which defers the effective date of ASU 2014-09 for all entities by one year. Accordingly, public business entities should apply the guidance in ASU 2014-09 to annual reporting periods (including interim periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted but not before annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016. The standard permits the use of the retrospective or the modified approach method. We have not yet selected a transition method, and are currently in the process of evaluating the impact of adoption of this ASU on our consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, which will require entities to present deferred tax assets (DTAs) and deferred tax liabilities (DTLs) as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. ASU 2015-17 simplifies the current guidance, which requires entities to separately present DTAs and DTLs as current and noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. ASU 2015-17 is effective for financial statements issued for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. At this time we do not anticipate early adoption of this ASU, and we do not expect the adoption of this guidance to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

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In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, which establishes a right-of-use model that requires a lessee to record a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for most leases. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted and should be applied using a modified retrospective approach.  We are in the process of evaluating the potential impacts of this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08, which clarifies the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations. The guidance includes indicators to assist an entity in determining whether it controls a specified good or service before it is transferred to the customers. We are in the process of evaluating the potential impact that adopting this new accounting standard will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, which updated guidance to include changes to simplify the accounting for several aspects of share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, accounting for forfeitures, and classification on the statement of cash flows. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is permitted. We are in the process of evaluating the timing of adoption and potential impacts of this new guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
3. Restricted Cash
We consider cash that is legally restricted and cash that is held as a compensating balance for letters of credit arrangements as restricted cash. As of June 30, 2016, restricted cash of $62,790 represents collateral for the stand-by letter of credit for the previously estimated upper end of our range of potential loss in our intellectual property dispute with Akamai Technologies, Inc., or Akamai. Refer to Note 12 "Contingencies - Legal Matters" for further information, including developments subsequent to June 30, 2016.
4. Investments in Marketable Securities
During the quarter ended March 31, 2016, we sold the majority of our marketable securities.
The following is a summary of marketable securities, designated as available-for-sale, at June 30, 2016:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Certificate of deposits
$
40

 
$

 
$

 
$
40

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of marketable securities at June 30, 2016, by maturity, are shown below:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Available-for-sale securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Due in one year or less
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Due after one year and through five years
40

 

 

 
40

 
$
40

 
$

 
$

 
$
40

The following is a summary of marketable securities, designated as available-for-sale, at December 31, 2015:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Certificate of deposit
$
12,480

 
$
1

 
$
17

 
$
12,464

Corporate notes and bonds
15,940

 
2

 
44

 
15,898

Total marketable securities
$
28,420

 
$
3

 
$
61

 
$
28,362

    


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The amortized cost and estimated fair value of marketable securities at December 31, 2015, by maturity, are shown below:
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
Available-for-sale securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Due in one year or less
$
18,075

 
$
2

 
$
12

 
$
18,065

Due after one year and through five years
10,345

 
1

 
49

 
10,297

 
$
28,420

 
$
3

 
$
61

 
$
28,362

5. Accounts Receivable, net
Accounts receivable, net include:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Accounts receivable
$
26,198

 
$
28,599

Less: credit allowance
(270
)
 
(460
)
Less: allowance for doubtful accounts
(1,056
)
 
(1,344
)
Total accounts receivable, net
$
24,872

 
$
26,795

6. Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
Prepaid expenses and other current assets include:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Prepaid bandwidth and backbone
$
2,440

 
$
2,417

VAT receivable
1,046

 
2,720

Prepaid expenses and insurance
2,026

 
3,641

Vendor deposits and other
766

 
800

Total prepaid expenses and other current assets
$
6,278

 
$
9,578

7. Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment, net include:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Network equipment
$
119,670

 
$
129,172

Computer equipment and software
11,659

 
11,408

Furniture and fixtures
2,464

 
2,472

Leasehold improvements
5,006

 
4,976

Other equipment
169

 
166

Total property and equipment
138,968

 
148,194

Less: accumulated depreciation
(108,321
)
 
(112,051
)
Total property and equipment, net
$
30,647

 
$
36,143

Depreciation expense related to property and equipment classified in operating expense was $620 and $434 for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively and was $1,237 and $877 for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, respectively.



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8. Goodwill
We have recorded goodwill as a result of past business acquisitions. Goodwill is recorded when the purchase price paid for an acquisition exceeds the estimated fair value of the net identified tangible and intangible assets acquired. In each of our acquisitions, the objective of the acquisition was to expand our product offerings and customer base and to achieve synergies related to cross selling opportunities, all of which contributed to the recognition of goodwill.
We test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that goodwill might be impaired. We concluded that we have one reporting unit and assigned the entire balance of goodwill to this reporting unit. The estimated fair value of the reporting unit is determined using our market capitalization as of our annual impairment assessment date or each reporting date if circumstances indicate the goodwill might be impaired. Items that could reasonably be expected to negatively affect key assumptions used in estimating fair value include but are not limited to:
sustained decline in our stock price due to a decline in our financial performance due to the loss of key customers, loss of key personnel, emergence of new technologies or new competitors and/or unfavorable outcomes of intellectual property disputes;
decline in overall market or economic conditions leading to a decline in our stock price; and
decline in observed control premiums paid in business combinations involving comparable companies.
No interim indicators of impairment were identified as of June 30, 2016. Foreign currency translation adjustments decreased the carrying amount of goodwill for the three months ended June 30, 2016 by $(128). For the six months ended June 30, 2016, foreign currency translation adjustments increased the carrying value of goodwill by $99.
9. Other Current Liabilities
Other current liabilities include:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Accrued compensation and benefits
$
4,033

 
$
4,786

Accrued cost of revenue
2,641

 
2,698

Deferred rent
712

 
782

Accrued legal fees
386

 
143

Other accrued expenses
2,619

 
2,448

Total other current liabilities
$
10,391

 
$
10,857

10. Line of Credit
On November 2, 2015, we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the Credit Agreement) with Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). The Credit Agreement provides for revolving credit borrowings up to a maximum principal amount of $25,000. We are subject to a borrowing base calculation to determine the amount available to us. Our borrowing capacity is the lesser of the commitment amount or 80% of eligible accounts receivable. All outstanding borrowings owed under the Credit Agreement become due and payable no later than the final maturity date of November 2, 2017. We had no outstanding borrowings at December 31, 2015, and had availability under the Credit Agreement of approximately $18,000. As of June 30, 2016, we had drawn $12,790 against the line of credit and our remaining availability under the Credit Agreement was approximately $5,400.
Borrowings under the Credit Agreement bear interest at our option of one, two, three or six-month LIBOR plus a margin of 2.75% or an Alternative Base Rate (ABR), which is defined as the higher of (a) Wall Street Journal prime rate or (b) Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%, plus a margin of 0.50% or 1.50% depending on our minimum liquidity, as defined in the Credit Agreement.  If we fall below a minimum liquidity of $17,500 , we are required to use the ABR interest rate. We incurred a commitment fee (issuance costs) of 0.25% upon entering into the Credit Agreement and 0.20% to be paid on the one year anniversary of closing. In addition, there is an unused line fee of 0.375% if our minimum liquidity is greater than $17,500. If our minimum liquidity falls below $17,500, the unused line fee is 0.250%. Commitment fees are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and as amortized are charged to interest expense. During the three months ended June 30, 2016, interest expense was $109 and commitment fees expense and amortization was $114. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, interest expense was $181 and commitment fees expense and amortization was $140.

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Any borrowings are secured by essentially all of our domestic personal property, with a negative pledge on intellectual property. SVB’s security interest in our foreign subsidiaries is limited to 65% of voting stock of each such foreign subsidiary.
The Credit Agreement contains a covenant that requires us to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of $100,000. Tangible net worth is defined as total stockholders’ equity less cash held by our foreign subsidiaries, goodwill and other intangible assets. The tangible net worth requirement is adjusted by up to $52,500 upon recording a provision or making a payment related to the Akamai ‘703 Litigation. We are also subject to certain customary limitations on our ability to, among other things, incur debt, grant liens, make acquisitions and other investments, make certain restricted payments such as dividends, dispose of assets or undergo a change in control.
In addition, the Credit Agreement contains a covenant limiting the maximum unfinanced capital expenditures amount to $25,000 per annum. As of June 30, 2016, we were in compliance with all covenants under the Credit Agreement.
Refer to Note 12 "Contingencies - Legal Matters" for further information, including developments subsequent to June 30, 2016.
11. Other Long Term Liabilities
Other long term liabilities include:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Deferred rent
$
1,569

 
$
1,907

Income taxes payable
394

 
404

Total other long term liabilities
$
1,963

 
$
2,311

12. Contingencies             
Legal Matters
Akamai ‘703 Litigation
    In June 2006, Akamai Technologies, Inc. and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology filed a lawsuit against us in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts alleging that we were infringing multiple patents assigned to MIT and exclusively licensed by MIT to Akamai. In February 2008, a jury returned a verdict in this lawsuit, finding that we infringed four claims of U.S. Patent No. 6,108,703 (the ’703 patent) and awarded Akamai damages of approximately $45,500, which included lost profits, reasonable royalties and price erosion damages for the period April 2005 through December 31, 2007. On April 24, 2009, the court granted our motion for judgment as a matter of law, thus overturning the jury’s verdict finding us liable for infringing the ‘703 patent.
On August 13, 2015, after more than six years of appeals by both Akamai and us in the Federal Circuit and the Supreme Court of the United States, the Federal Circuit issued an opinion establishing a new standard for direct infringement in a divided actor scenario. The Federal Circuit then reinstated the 2008 jury verdict that we were liable for infringement of the '703 patent and denied any remaining legacy appeals. The case was remanded back to the District Court for the District of Massachusetts (the District Court) on December 23, 2015, to resolve questions of supplemental damages, applicable interest on the existing damages award and entry of final judgment, among other things. At that time, Akamai sought entry of final judgment on the original jury award, an accounting of post-suit damages, damages for willful infringement and pre-judgment interest, which Akamai estimated to be approximately $99,000 in the aggregate, and a permanent injunction against us.
After a series of motions filed by the parties in District Court, Akamai agreed to waive its right to supplemental damages, which limited the maximum potential damages for us to approximately $62,790 plus future accruing interest (if any). We also petitioned review by the Supreme Court of the United States of the Federal Circuit’s decision to reinstate the jury verdict. Our request for review was denied on April 18, 2016. Our motion seeking to challenge the validity of the ‘703 patent based on intervening changes in law was denied on April 25, 2016 by the District Court.
On July 1, 2016, the District Court entered final judgment in the case and reduced total damages payable by us to $50,956, which is significantly less than the previously disclosed upper-end of range of loss of $62,790. As a result, in July 2016, we have regained access to $11,834 of availability under our line of credit.

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On August 1, 2016, we entered into a settlement and license agreement with Akamai with respect to the ‘703 and certain other related patents. The agreement settles all asserted and unasserted claims with respect to the licensed patents. The terms of the agreement require us to pay $54,000 over twelve equal quarterly installments beginning on August 1, 2016. The settlement and license agreement requires Akamai to release us from the letter of credit promptly following its receipt of the initial license payment. In accordance with ASC 855, Subsequent Events, this is a recognized subsequent event. Accordingly, we have taken a charge in the quarter ended June 30, 2016 for the full, undiscounted amount of $54,000, per our accounting policy.
Legal and other expenses associated with this case have been significant. We include these litigation expenses in general and administrative expenses as incurred, as reported in the consolidated statement of operations.
Akamai and XO Litigation
On November 30, 2015, we filed a lawsuit against Akamai and XO Communications in the District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia alleging the infringement of six of our patents covering a broad range of inventions that we believe are critical to the effective and efficient delivery of bytes by a content delivery network (the Akamai and XO Litigation). In April 2016, the District Court denied a request for transfer by Akamai and XO Communications and set the trial date in this case for January 3, 2017. Akamai also filed counterclaims on April 29, 2016, alleging the infringement of five of its patents. We filed an answer to Akamai’s counterclaims, denying each of the allegations of infringement on May 23, 2016. At this time, we do not believe a loss is probable nor reasonably possible, and as such, no provision for this lawsuit has been recorded in the consolidated financial statements. We intend to vigorously protect our intellectual property rights in this matter and vigorously defend against each of the counterclaims.
2016 Akamai Litigation
On February 16, 2016, Akamai filed a complaint against us in the District Court for the District of Massachusetts alleging infringement of three of its patents (the 2016 Akamai Litigation). In April 2016, Akamai amended its complaint by withdrawing one of the asserted patents. We filed our answer to the complaint, denying each of the allegations of infringement, and asserting two counterclaims alleging infringement of two of our patents. At this time, we do not believe a loss is probable nor reasonably possible, and as such, no provision for this lawsuit has been recorded in the consolidated financial statements. We intend to vigorously defend against Akamai’s claims and vigorously protect our intellectual property rights in this matter.
Other Matters
We are subject to various other legal proceedings and claims, either asserted or unasserted, arising in the ordinary course of business. While the outcome of these claims cannot be predicted with certainty, management does not believe the outcome of any of these matters will have a material adverse effect on our business, financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. Litigation relating to the content delivery services industry is not uncommon, and we are, and from time to time have been, subject to such litigation. No assurances can be given with respect to the extent or outcome of any such litigation in the future.
Taxes
We are subject to indirect taxation in various states and foreign jurisdictions. Laws and regulations that apply to communications and commerce conducted over the Internet are becoming more prevalent, both in the United States and internationally, and may impose additional burdens on us conducting business online or providing Internet-related services. Increased regulation could negatively affect our business directly, as well as the businesses of our customers, which could reduce their demand for our services. For example, tax authorities in various states and abroad may impose taxes on the Internet-related revenue we generate based on regulations currently being applied to similar but not directly comparable industries.
There are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. In addition, domestic and international taxation laws are subject to change. In the future, we may come under audit, which could result in changes to our tax estimates. We believe we maintain adequate tax reserves to offset potential liabilities that may arise upon audit. Although we believe our tax estimates and associated reserves are reasonable, the final determination of tax audits and any related litigation could be materially different than the amounts established for tax contingencies. To the extent these estimates ultimately prove to be inaccurate, the associated reserves would be adjusted, resulting in the recording of a benefit or expense in the period in which a change in estimate or a final determination is made.

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13. Net Loss per Share
We calculate basic and diluted loss per weighted average share. We use the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period for the computation of basic earnings per share. Diluted earnings per share include the dilutive effect of all potentially dilutive common stock, including awards granted under our equity incentive compensation plans, in the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding.
The following table sets forth the components used in the computation of basic and diluted net loss per share for the periods indicated:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net loss
$
(57,938
)
 
$
(6,362
)
 
$
(63,884
)
 
$
(12,045
)
Basic and diluted weighted average outstanding shares of common stock
103,904

 
99,841

 
103,299

 
99,239

Basic and diluted net loss per share:
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
(0.62
)
 
$
(0.12
)
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, the following potentially dilutive common stock, including awards granted under our equity incentive compensation plans, were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share because including them would have been anti-dilutive.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Employee stock purchase plan
205

 
66

 
205

 
66

Stock options
84

 
2,787

 
109

 
2,088

Restricted stock units
482

 
3,145

 
502

 
2,997

 
771

 
5,998

 
816

 
5,151

14. Stockholders’ Equity
Common Stock
On February 12, 2014, our board of directors authorized a $15,000 share repurchase program. Under this program, we may repurchase shares periodically in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions, in accordance with applicable securities rules regarding issuer repurchases. We did not purchase any shares during the three and six month periods ended June 30, 2016. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, we purchased and canceled 293 shares for $818, including commissions and expenses. All repurchased shares were canceled and returned to authorized but unissued status.
Amended and Restated Equity Incentive Plan
We established the 2007 Equity Incentive Plan, or the 2007 Plan, which allows for the grant of equity, including stock options and restricted stock unit awards. In June 2016, our stockholders approved the Amended and Restated Equity Incentive Plan, or the Restated 2007 Plan, which amended and restated the 2007 Plan.  Approval of the Restated 2007 Plan replaced the terms and conditions of the 2007 Plan with the terms and conditions of the Restated 2007 Plan and extended the term of the plan to April 2026. There was no increase in the aggregate amount of shares available for issuance. The total number of shares authorized for issuance under the Restated 2007 Plan as of June 30, 2016 was 9,762.
Employee Stock Purchase Plan
In June 2013, our stockholders approved our 2013 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP). The ESPP allows participants to purchase our common stock at a 15% discount of the lower of the beginning or end of the offering period using the closing price on that day. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we issued 719 shares under the ESPP. Total cash proceeds from the purchase of the shares under the ESPP was approximately $813. As of June 30, 2016, shares reserved for issuance to employees under this plan totaled 1,923, and we held employee contributions of $237 (included in other current liabilities) for future purchases under the ESPP.
Preferred Stock

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Our board of directors has authorized the issuance of up to 7,500 shares of preferred stock at June 30, 2016. The preferred stock may be issued in one or more series pursuant to a resolution or resolutions providing for such issuance duly adopted by the board of directors. As of June 30, 2016, the board of directors had not adopted any resolutions for the issuance of preferred stock.
15. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
Changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss, net of tax, for the six months ended June 30, 2016, was as follows:



Unrealized





Gains (Losses) on



Foreign

Available for



Currency

Sale Securities

Total
Balance, December 31, 2015
$
(10,768
)

$
(44
)

$
(10,812
)
  Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
464




464

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive
  income (loss)


44


44

Net current period other comprehensive income
464


44


508

Balance, June 30, 2016
$
(10,304
)

$


$
(10,304
)
16. Share-Based Compensation
The following table summarizes the components of share-based compensation expense included in our consolidated statement of operations:
 
Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Share-based compensation expense by type:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Stock options
$
960

 
$
1,031

 
$
1,943

 
$
2,213

Restricted stock units
2,108

 
2,157

 
4,468

 
3,970

ESPP
225

 
92

 
378

 
166

Total share-based compensation expense
$
3,293

 
$
3,280

 
$
6,789

 
$
6,349

Share-based compensation expense included in the consolidated statements of operations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of services
$
436

 
$
571

 
$
909

 
$
1,084

General and administrative expense
1,677

 
1,476

 
3,503

 
2,882

Sales and marketing expense
638

 
608

 
1,375

 
1,297

Research and development expense
542

 
625

 
1,002

 
1,086

Total share-based compensation expense
$
3,293

 
$
3,280

 
$
6,789

 
$
6,349

Unrecognized share-based compensation expense totaled approximately $18,500 at June 30, 2016, of which $5,449 related to stock options and $13,051 related to restricted stock units. We currently expect to recognize share-based compensation expense of $5,771 during the remainder of 2016, $8,204 in 2017 and the remainder thereafter based on scheduled vesting of the stock options and restricted stock units outstanding at June 30, 2016.
17. Leases and Commitments
Operating Leases
We are committed to various non-cancellable operating leases for office space and office equipment which expire through 2022. Certain leases contain provisions for renewal options and rent escalations upon expiration of the initial lease terms. Approximate future minimum lease payments over the remaining lease periods as of June 30, 2016, are as follows:

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Remainder of 2016
$
1,993

2017
3,260

2018
3,001

2019
1,488

2020
566

Thereafter
414

Total minimum payments
$
10,722

Purchase Commitments
We have long-term commitments for bandwidth usage and co-location with various networks and Internet service providers (ISPs). The following summarizes minimum commitments as of June 30, 2016:
Remainder of 2016
$
18,465

2017
20,342

2018
9,875

2019
2,576

2020
51

Thereafter
23

Total minimum payments
$
51,332

Capital Leases
We lease equipment under capital lease agreements which extend through 2020. As of June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, the outstanding balance for capital leases was approximately $4,127 and $1,902, respectively. We have recorded assets under capital lease obligations of approximately $4,588 and $1,679, respectively, as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015. Related accumulated amortization totaled approximately $816 and $210, respectively as of June 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015. The assets acquired under capital leases and related accumulated amortization are included in property and equipment, net in the consolidated balance sheets. The related amortization is included in depreciation - network (cost of revenue) and depreciation and amortization expense (operating expenses) in the consolidated statements of operations. Interest expense related to capital leases was approximately $49 and $0, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. Interest expense related to capital leases was approximately $84 and $4, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015. Future minimum capital lease payments at June 30, 2016 were as follows:
Remainder of 2016
$
493

2017
1,331

2018
1,331

2019
1,236

2020
193

Thereafter

Total
4,584

Amounts representing interest
(457
)
Total minimum lease payments
$
4,127

18. Concentrations
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we had one customer, Microsoft, who represented 10% or more of our total revenue. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we had no customer who represented 10% or more of our total revenue.
Revenue from customers located within the United States, our country of domicile, was $23,627 for the three months ended June 30, 2016, compared to $25,661 for the three months ended June 30, 2015. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, revenue from customers located within the United States was $46,037, compared to $51,272 for the six months ended June 30, 2015.

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During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, we had two countries, based on customer location, the United States and Japan that accounted for 10% or more of our total revenues.
19. Income Taxes
Income taxes for the interim periods presented have been included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements on the basis of an estimated annual effective tax rate. Based on an estimated annual effective tax rate and discrete items, income tax expense for the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, was $115 and $90, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, income tax expense was $273 and $145, respectively. Income tax expense was different than the statutory income tax rate primarily due to us providing for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions, and the recording of state and foreign tax expense for the three month periods.
We file income tax returns in jurisdictions with varying statutes of limitations. Tax years 2013 through 2015 remain subject to examination by federal tax authorities. Tax years 2012 through 2015 generally remain subject to examination by state tax authorities. As of June 30, 2016, we are not under any federal or state examination for income taxes.
20. Segment Reporting and Geographic Areas
Our chief operating decision maker (whom is our Chief Executive Officer) reviews the financial information presented on a consolidated basis for purposes of allocating resources and evaluating our financial performance. We operate in one industry segment — content delivery and related services and we operate in three geographic areas — Americas, Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) and Asia Pacific.
Revenue by geography is based on the location of the customer from which the revenue is earned. The following table sets forth our revenue by geographic area:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Americas
$
26,102

59.9
%
 
$
26,968

61.6
%
 
$
50,110

59.0
%
 
$
54,228

63.0
%
EMEA
7,476

17.2
%
 
7,527

17.2
%
 
16,388

19.2
%
 
15,575

18.0
%
Asia Pacific
9,982

22.9
%
 
9,300

21.2
%
 
18,484

21.8
%
 
16,321

19.0
%
Total revenue
$
43,560

100.0
%
 
$
43,795

100.0
%
 
$
84,982

100.0
%
 
$
86,124

100.0
%
The following table sets forth long-lived assets by geographic area in which the assets are located:
 
June 30,
 
December 31,
 
2016
 
2015
Americas
$
17,578

 
$
19,692

International
13,071

 
16,466

Total long-lived assets
$
30,649

 
$
36,158

21. Fair Value Measurements
As of June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, we held certain assets and liabilities that were required to be measured at fair value on a recurring basis.
The following is a summary of fair value measurements at June 30, 2016:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
Description
Total
 
Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds (2)
$
1

 
$
1

 
$

 
$

Certificate of deposit (1)
40

 

 
40

 

Total assets measured at fair value
$
41

 
$
1

 
$
40

 
$

  

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____________
(1)
Classified in marketable securities
(2)
Classified in cash and cash equivalents
The following is a summary of fair value measurements at December 31, 2015:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at Reporting Date Using
Description
Total
 
Quoted Prices In Active Markets for Identical Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds (2)
$
725

 
$
725

 
$

 
$

Corporate notes and bonds (1)
15,898

 

 
15,898

 

Certificate of deposit (1)
12,464

 

 
12,464

 

Total assets measured at fair value
$
29,087

 
$
725

 
$
28,362

 
$

____________
(1)
Classified in marketable securities
(2)
Classified in cash and cash equivalents
The carrying amount of cash equivalents approximates fair value because their maturity is less than three months. The carrying amount of short-term and long-term marketable securities approximates fair value as the securities are marked to market as of each balance sheet date with any unrealized gains and losses reported in stockholders’ equity. The carrying amount of accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximates fair value due to the short-term maturity of the amounts.

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Item 2.        Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read together with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2015, included in Part II of our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC, on February 11, 2016.
Prior period information has been modified to conform to current year presentation. All information in this Item 2 is presented in thousands, except per share amounts, customer count and where specifically noted.
Overview
We were founded in 2001 as a provider of content delivery network services to deliver digital content over the Internet. We began development of our infrastructure in 2001 and began generating meaningful revenue in 2002. Today, we operate a globally distributed, high-performance, computing platform (our global network) and provide a suite of integrated services including content delivery services, video content management services, performance services for website and web application acceleration and security, and cloud storage services. The suite of services that we offer collectively comprise our Limelight Orchestrate Platform (the Orchestrate Platform)
We derive revenue primarily from the sale of components of the Orchestrate Platform. Our delivery services represented approximately 74% of our total revenue during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016. We also generate revenue through the sale of professional services and other infrastructure services, such as transit and rack space services.
We compete in markets that are highly competitive. We have experienced and expect to continue to experience increased competition in price, features, functionality, integration and other factors leading to customer churn and customers operating their own network. Competition and technology advancements have resulted in declining average selling prices in the industry. We believe continued increases in content delivery traffic growth rates is an important trend that will continue to outpace declining average selling prices in the industry.
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we had one customer, Microsoft, who accounted for 10% or more of our total revenue. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we had no customer who accounted for 10% or more of our total revenue. Changes in revenue are driven by a small subset of large customers who have low contractually committed obligations.
In addition to these revenue-related trends, our profitability is impacted by trends in our costs of services and operating expenses. We continue to work with our vendors to consolidate our datacenter footprint and renegotiate our fixed rate infrastructure contracts to variable rate in order to scale our operations based on traffic levels and lower bandwidth costs per unit. Our operating expenses are largely driven by payroll and related employee costs. Our headcount increased from 509 at December 31, 2015, to 512 as of June 30, 2016.
On August 1, 2016, we entered into a settlement and license agreement with Akamai with respect to the ‘703 and certain other related patents. The agreement settles all asserted and unasserted claims with respect to the licensed patents. The terms of the agreement require us to pay $54,000 over twelve equal quarterly installments beginning on August 1, 2016. The settlement and license agreement requires Akamai to release us from the letter of credit promptly following its receipt of the initial license payment. In accordance with ASC 855, Subsequent Events, this is a recognized subsequent event. Accordingly, we have taken a charge in the quarter ended June 30, 2016 for the full, undiscounted amount of $54,000, per our accounting policy.
Please see our discussion in Note 12 "Contingencies - Legal Matters" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for more information on this and other lawsuits.
On November 2, 2015, we entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the Credit Agreement) with Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). The Credit Agreement provides for revolving credit borrowings up to a maximum principal amount of $25,000. This Credit Agreement will also provide additional liquidity as we continue to execute our growth strategy through innovative product development and select global market expansion.
Please see our discussion in Note 10 "Line of Credit" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q for more information on our line of credit.

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Table of Contents

Based on current conditions, we expect revenue to grow in the single-digits year-over-year for the remainder of 2016. We expect gross margin improvement for the full year of over 250 basis points. We also expect non-GAAP net income to be between break-even and $0.05 per share. We expect capital expenditures to be less than $17,000 for the full year.
The following table summarizes our revenue, costs and expenses in thousands of dollars and as a percentage of total revenue.
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
$
43,560

 
100.0
 %
 
$
43,795

 
100.0
 %
 
$
84,982

 
100.0
 %
 
$
86,124

 
100.0
 %
Cost of revenue
24,760

 
56.8
 %
 
25,647

 
58.6
 %
 
49,537

 
58.3
 %
 
51,456

 
59.7
 %
Gross profit
18,800

 
43.2
 %
 
18,148

 
41.4
 %
 
35,445

 
41.7
 %
 
34,668

 
40.3
 %
Operating expenses
22,273

 
51.1
 %
 
24,364

 
55.6
 %
 
44,932

 
52.9
 %
 
48,395

 
56.2
 %
Provision for litigation
54,000

 
124.0
 %
 

 
 %
 
54,000

 
63.5
 %
 

 
 %
Operating loss
(57,473
)
 
(131.9
)%
 
(6,216
)
 
(14.2
)%
 
(63,487
)
 
(74.7
)%
 
(13,727
)
 
(15.9
)%
Total other income (expense)
(350
)
 
(0.8
)%
 
(56
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
(124
)
 
(0.1
)%
 
1,827

 
2.1
 %
Loss before income taxes
(57,823
)
 
(132.7
)%
 
(6,272
)
 
(14.3
)%
 
(63,611
)
 
(74.9
)%
 
(11,900
)
 
(13.8
)%
Income tax expense
115

 
0.3
 %
 
90

 
0.2
 %
 
273

 
0.3
 %
 
145

 
0.2
 %
Net loss
(57,938
)
 
(133.0
)%
 
(6,362
)
 
(14.5
)%
 
(63,884
)
 
(75.2
)%
 
(12,045
)
 
(14.0
)%
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To evaluate our business, we consider and use non-generally accepted accounting principles (Non-GAAP) net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA as supplemental measures of operating performance. These measures include the same adjustments that management takes into account when it reviews and assesses operating performance on a period-to-period basis. We consider Non-GAAP net income (loss) to be an important indicator of overall business performance. We define Non-GAAP net income (loss) to be U.S. GAAP net loss, adjusted to exclude provision for litigation, share-based compensation, litigation expenses, and amortization of intangible assets. We believe that EBITDA provides a useful metric to investors to compare us with other companies within our industry and across industries. We define EBITDA as U.S. GAAP net loss, adjusted to exclude interest and other (income) expense, interest expense, income tax expense, and depreciation and amortization. We define Adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA adjusted to exclude provision for litigation, share-based compensation and litigation expenses. We use Adjusted EBITDA as a supplemental measure to review and assess operating performance. Our management uses these Non-GAAP financial measures because, collectively, they provide valuable information on the performance of our on-going operations, excluding non-cash charges, taxes and non-core activities (including interest payments related to financing activities). These measures also enable our management to compare the results of our on-going operations from period to period, and allow management to review the performance of our on-going operations against our peer companies and against other companies in our industry and adjacent industries. We believe these measures also provide similar insights to investors, and enable investors to review our results of operations “through the eyes of management.”
Furthermore, our management uses these Non-GAAP financial measures to assist them in making decisions regarding our strategic priorities and areas for future investment and focus.
In our July 27, 2016, earnings press release, as furnished on Form 8-K, we included Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. The terms Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not defined under U.S. GAAP, and are not measures of operating income, operating performance or liquidity presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Our Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA have limitations as analytical tools, and when assessing our operating performance, Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered in isolation, or as a substitute for net loss or other consolidated income statement data prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Some of these limitations include, but are not limited to:
EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect our cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
these measures do not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs;
Non- GAAP net income (loss) and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect the cash requirements necessary for litigation costs, including provision for litigation and litigation expenses;

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these measures do not reflect the interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on our debt that we may incur;
these measures do not reflect income taxes or the cash requirements for any tax payments;
although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will be replaced sometime in the future, and EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA do not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements;
while share-based compensation is a component of operating expense, the impact on our financial statements compared to other companies can vary significantly due to such factors as the assumed life of the options and the assumed volatility of our common stock; and
other companies may calculate Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA differently than we do, limiting their usefulness as comparative measures.
We compensate for these limitations by relying primarily on our U.S. GAAP results and using Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA, and Adjusted EBITDA only as supplemental support for management’s analysis of business performance. Non-GAAP net income (loss), EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are calculated as follows for the periods presented.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
In accordance with the requirements of Item 10(e) of Regulation S-K, we are presenting the most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures and reconciling the unaudited Non-GAAP financial metrics to the comparable U.S. GAAP measures.
Reconciliation of U.S. GAAP Net Loss to Non-GAAP Net Income (Loss)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
March 31,
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
U.S. GAAP net loss
$
(57,938
)
 
$
(5,946
)
 
$
(6,362
)
 
$
(63,884
)
 
$
(12,045
)
Provision for litigation
54,000

 

 

 
54,000

 

Share-based compensation
3,293

 
3,496

 
3,280

 
6,789

 
6,349

Litigation expenses
1,271

 
1,178

 
(1,174
)
 
2,449

 
(1,155
)
Amortization of intangible assets
6

 
6

 
201

 
12

 
399

Non-GAAP net income (loss)
$
632

 
$
(1,266
)
 
$
(4,055
)
 
$
(634
)
 
$
(6,452
)
Reconciliation of U.S. GAAP Net Loss to EBITDA to Adjusted EBITDA
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
March 31,
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2016
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
U.S. GAAP net loss
$
(57,938
)
 
$
(5,946
)
 
$
(6,362
)
 
$
(63,884
)
 
$
(12,045
)
Depreciation and amortization
5,115

 
5,291

 
5,011

 
10,406

 
9,804

Interest expense
279

 
179

 

 
459

 
4

Interest and other (income) expense
71

 
(406
)
 
56

 
(335
)
 
(1,831
)
Income tax expense
115

 
158

 
90

 
273

 
145

EBITDA
$
(52,358
)
 
$
(724
)
 
$
(1,205
)
 
$
(53,081
)
 
$
(3,923
)
Provision for litigation
54,000

 

 

 
54,000

 

Share-based compensation
3,293

 
3,496

 
3,280

 
6,789

 
6,349

Litigation expenses
1,271

 
1,178

 
(1,174
)
 
2,449

 
(1,155
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
6,206

 
$
3,950

 
$
901

 
$
10,157

 
$
1,271


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Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our critical accounting policies and estimates are disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, there have been no significant changes in our critical accounting policies and estimates.
Results of Operations
Revenue
We derive revenue primarily from the sale of components of the Orchestrate Platform. We also generate revenue through the sale of professional services and other infrastructure services, such as transit and rack space services.
The following table reflects our revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, compared to the three and six months ended June 30, 2015:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
$
 
%
 




$

%
 
2016
 
2015
 
Change
 
Change
 
2016

2015

Change

Change
Revenue
$
43,560

 
$
43,795

 
$
(235
)
 
(0.5
)%
 
$
84,982

 
$
86,124

 
$
(1,142
)
 
(1.3
)%
Our revenue decreased during the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, versus the comparable 2015 periods primarily due to a decrease in our content delivery revenue, which was driven by a decrease in our average selling price, partially offset by increases in volumes primarily with certain of our larger customers.
Our active customers worldwide decreased to 904 as of June 30, 2016, compared to 1,035 as of June 30, 2015. We are continuing our selective approach to accepting profitable business by following a clear process for identifying customers that value quality, performance, availability, and service.
During the three months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, sales to our top 20 customers accounted for approximately 62% and 59%, respectively, of our total revenue. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, sales to our top 20 customers accounted for approximately 61% and 57%, respectively, of our total revenue. The customers that comprised our top 20 customers change from time to time, and our large customers may not continue to be as significant going forward as they have been in the past.
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, we had one customer, Microsoft, that represented 10% or more of our total revenue. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2015, we had no customer who represented 10% or more of our total revenue.
    Revenue by geography is based on the location of the customer from which the revenue is earned. The following table sets forth revenue by geographic area (in thousands and as a percentage of total revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Americas
$
26,102

59.9
%
 
$
26,968

61.6
%
 
$
50,110

59.0
%
 
$
54,228

63.0
%
EMEA
7,476

17.2
%
 
7,527

17.2
%
 
16,388

19.2
%
 
15,575

18.0
%
Asia Pacific
9,982

22.9
%
 
9,300

21.2
%
 
18,484

21.8
%
 
16,321

19.0
%
Total revenue
$
43,560

100.0
%
 
$
43,795

100.0
%
 
$
84,982

100.0
%
 
$
86,124

100.0
%
Cost of Revenue
Cost of revenue consists primarily of fees paid to network providers for bandwidth and backbone, costs incurred for non-settlement free peering and connection to Internet service providers or ISPs, and fees paid to data center operators for housing of our network equipment in third party network data centers, also known as co-location costs. Cost of revenue also includes leased warehouse space and utilities, depreciation of network equipment used to deliver our content delivery services, payroll and related costs, and share-based compensation for our network operations and professional services personnel. Other costs include professional fees and outside services, travel and travel-related expenses and royalty expenses.
Cost of revenue was composed of the following (in thousands and as a percentage of total revenue):

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Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Bandwidth and co-location fees
$
14,316

 
32.9
%
 
$
14,546

 
33.2
%
 
$
28,695

 
33.8
%
 
$
28,815

 
33.5
%
Depreciation - network
4,489

 
10.3
%
 
4,376

 
10.0
%
 
9,157

 
10.8
%
 
8,528

 
9.9
%
Payroll and related employee costs
3,835

 
8.8
%
 
4,525

 
10.3
%
 
7,799

 
9.2
%
 
9,598

 
11.1
%
Share-based compensation
436

 
1.0
%
 
571

 
1.3
%
 
909

 
1.1
%
 
1,084

 
1.3
%
Other costs
1,684

 
3.9
%
 
1,629

 
3.7
%
 
2,977

 
3.5
%
 
3,431

 
4.0
%
Total cost of revenue
$
24,760

 
56.8
%
 
$
25,647

 
58.6
%
 
$
49,537

 
58.3
%
 
$
51,456

 
59.7
%
Our cost of revenue decreased in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, versus the comparable 2015 period primarily as a result of the following:
decreased payroll and related employee costs due to lower operations headcount and lower average salary per employee. Our year to date decrease includes the reduction of payroll and related employee costs resulting from the reorganization of job responsibilities on April 1, 2015 (as further discussed below);
decreased bandwidth and co-location fees. Co-location fees decreased as a result of our continued consolidation efforts, however, this decrease was partially offset by an increase in bandwidth costs due to increased traffic volume; and
decreased other costs (year to date) primarily due to lower travel, professional fees and facilities. Other costs, were up slightly in the three months ended June 30, 2016, due to an increase in other recurring cost of sales,
These decreases were partially offset by increased depreciation as a result of new servers and network equipment placed in service.
Effective April 1, 2015, we reorganized the job responsibilities of certain employees, and as a result, such employee expenses were moved from cost of services to research and development, on a prospective basis. This reorganization resulted in approximately $650 of payroll and related employee costs starting in the second quarter of 2015 to be allocated to research and development, which were previously allocated to cost of services.
We anticipate an improvement in gross margin for the full year 2016 compared to 2015 as a result of our co-location consolidation efforts, despite an increase in our depreciation expense related to our network equipment. Depreciation expense is expected to increase due to the increase in capital expenditures in 2015 compared to prior periods.
General and Administrative
General and administrative expense was composed of the following (in thousands and as a percentage of total revenue)
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Payroll and related employee costs
$
2,253

 
5.2
%
 
$
2,752

 
6.3
%
 
$
4,218

 
5.0
%
 
$
5,712

 
6.6
%
Professional fees and outside services
813

 
1.9
%
 
1,475

 
3.4
%
 
1,639

 
1.9
%
 
2,480

 
2.9
%
Share-based compensation
1,677

 
3.8
%
 
1,476

 
3.4
%
 
3,503

 
4.1
%
 
2,882

 
3.3
%
Other costs
2,498

 
5.7
%
 
378

 
0.9
%
 
4,689

 
5.5
%
 
1,858

 
2.2
%
Total general and administrative
$
7,241

 
16.6
%
 
$
6,081

 
13.9
%
 
$
14,049

 
16.5
%
 
$
12,932

 
15.0
%
Our general and administrative expense increased in aggregate dollars and increased as a percentage of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, versus the comparable 2015 periods. The increase was primarily due to increased share-based compensation, and an increase in other costs, which was driven by increased litigation expenses related to our intellectual property lawsuits. Additionally, during the three months ended June 30, 2015, negotiations with a vendor resulted in a reduction to litigation expense of $1,200.
These increases were partially offset by decreased payroll and related employee costs, which was driven by lower general and administrative headcount and lower average salary per employee and decreased professional fees.
We expect our general and administrative expenses for 2016 to increase from 2015 in aggregate dollars as a result of

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litigation expenses.
Sales and Marketing
Sales and marketing expense was composed of the following (in thousands and as a percentage of total revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Payroll and related employee costs
$
5,553

 
12.7
%
 
$
6,670

 
15.2
%
 
$
11,750

 
13.8
%
 
$
13,425

 
15.6
%
Share-based compensation
638

 
1.5
%
 
608

 
1.4
%
 
1,375

 
1.6
%
 
1,297

 
1.5
%
Marketing programs
401

 
0.9
%
 
501

 
1.1
%
 
723

 
0.9
%
 
974

 
1.1
%
Other costs
1,525

 
3.5
%
 
2,223

 
5.1
%
 
3,172

 
3.7
%
 
4,582

 
5.3
%
Total sales and marketing
$
8,117

 
18.6
%
 
$
10,002

 
22.8
%
 
$
17,020

 
20.0
%
 
$
20,278

 
23.5
%
Our sales and marketing expense decreased in both aggregate dollars and as a percentage of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, versus the comparable 2015 periods. The decrease in sales and marketing expense was primarily as a result of the following:
decreased payroll and related employee costs due to decreased sales and marketing personnel and lower variable compensation;
decreased other costs which was primarily lower professional fees (consulting, recruiting, and outside services)and decreased travel and entertainment expenses; and
decreased marketing and public relations spending related to advertising and trade shows.
These decreases were partially offset by increased share-based compensation costs.
We expect our sales and marketing expenses for the remainder of 2016 to remain consistent with the first half of 2016.
Research and Development
Research and development expense was composed of the following (in thousands and as a percentage of total revenue):
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Payroll and related employee costs
$
4,684

 
10.8
%
 
$
5,640

 
12.9
%
 
$
9,683

 
11.4
%
 
$
10,460

 
12.1
%
Share-based compensation
542

 
1.2
%
 
625

 
1.4
%
 
1,002

 
1.2
%
 
1,086

 
1.3
%
Other costs
1,063

 
2.4
%
 
1,381

 
3.2
%
 
1,929

 
2.3
%
 
2,363

 
2.7
%
Total research and development
$
6,289

 
14.4
%
 
$
7,646

 
17.5
%
 
$
12,614

 
14.8
%
 
$
13,909

 
16.1
%
Our research and development expense decreased in aggregate dollars and as a percentage of total revenue for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, versus the comparable 2015 periods. The decrease was primarily due to decreased payroll and related employee costs due to decreased headcount and decreased other costs, which was driven by reduced travel and entertainment expenses and reduced professional fees, which were primarily consulting costs.
Effective April 1, 2015, we reorganized the job responsibilities of certain employees, and as a result, such employee expenses were moved from cost of services to research and development, on a prospective basis. This reorganization resulted in approximately $650 of payroll and related employee costs starting in the second quarter of 2015 being allocated to research and development, which were previously allocated to cost of services.
We expect our research and development expenses for the remainder of 2016 to remain consistent with the first half of 2016.
Depreciation and Amortization (Operating Expenses)
Depreciation and amortization expense was $626, or 1.4% of revenue, for the three months ended June 30, 2016, versus $635, or 1.4% of revenue, for the comparable 2015 period. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, depreciation and

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amortization expense was $1,249, or 1.5% of revenue versus $1,276, or 1.5% of revenue, for the comparable 2015 period. Depreciation expense consists of depreciation on equipment and furnishings used by general administrative, sales and marketing, and research and development personnel. Amortization expense consists of amortization of intangible assets acquired in business combinations.
Interest Expense
Interest expense was $279 for the three months ended June 30, 2016, versus $-0- for the comparable 2015 period. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 interest expense was $459 versus $4 for the comparable 2015 period. These increases were primarily due to interest on our line of credit borrowings, capital leases, fees and the amortization of fees associated with our Credit Agreement and stand-by letter of credit.
Interest Income
Interest income was $8 for the three months ended June 30, 2016, versus $75 for the comparable 2015 period. For the six months ended June 30, 2016 interest income was $14 versus $149 for the comparable 2015 period. Interest income includes interest earned on invested cash balances and marketable securities.
Other Income (Expense)
Other expense was $79 for the three months ended June 30, 2016, versus other expense of $131 for the comparable 2015 period. For the three months ended June 30, 2016, other expense consisted primarily of foreign currency transaction gains and losses and the gain on sale of fixed assets. For the three months ended June 30, 2015, other expense consisted primarily of foreign currency transaction losses, partially offset by the $275 gain on the conversion of our convertible debt security into preferred shares.
For the six months ended June 30, 2016 other income was $321 versus other income of $1,682 for the comparable 2015 period. For the six months ended June 30, 2016, other income consisted primarily of foreign currency transaction gains and losses, the gain on sale of fixed assets, and the receipt of a state tax refund related to a previously divested business. For the six months ended June 30, 2015, other income consisted primarily of net foreign currency transaction gains and the $275 gain on the conversion of our convertible debt into preferred shares.
Income Tax Expense
Based on an estimated annual effective tax rate and discrete items, the estimated income tax expense for the three and six months ended June 30, 2016, was $115 and $273, respectively, versus $90 and $145 for the comparable 2015 periods. Income tax expense on our loss before income taxes was different than the statutory income tax rate primarily due to our providing for a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets in certain jurisdictions, and recording of state and foreign tax expense for the quarter and year to date periods. The effective income tax rate is based primarily upon forecasted income or loss for the year, the composition of the income or loss in different countries, and adjustments, if any, for the potential tax consequences, benefits or resolutions for tax audits.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2016, our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities classified as current totaled $30,885. Included in this amount is approximately $5,005 of cash and cash equivalents held outside the United States. Changes in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are dependent upon changes in, among other things, working capital items such as deferred revenues, accounts payable, accounts receivable, accrued provision for litigation and various accrued expenses, as well as purchases of property and equipment and changes in our capital and financial structure due to debt repurchases and issuances, stock option exercises, sales of equity investments and similar events.
We believe that our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities, and available borrowing capacity will be sufficient to meet our anticipated cash needs for at least the next 12 months. If the assumptions underlying our business plan regarding future revenue and expenses change or if unexpected opportunities or needs arise, we may seek to raise additional cash by selling equity or debt securities.
The major components of changes in cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2016 and 2015, are discussed in the following paragraphs.


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Operating Activities
Net cash provided by operating activities was $9,978 for the six months ended June 30, 2016, versus net cash used in operating activities of $3,961 for the comparable 2015 period, an increase of $13,939. Changes in operating assets and liabilities of $2,603 during the six months ended June 30, 2016, versus ($6,935) in the comparable 2015 period were primarily due to:
accounts receivable decreased $1,957 during the six months ended June 30, 2016, due to a decrease in days sales outstanding (DSO) as a result of timing of collections as compared to a $9,292 increase in the comparable 2015 period;
prepaid expenses and other current assets decreased $3,392 during the six months ended June 30, 2016, due to the receipt of VAT refunds and the amortization of prepaid bandwidth expenses compared to a $202 increase in the comparable 2015 period;
other assets decreased $508 during the six months ended June 30, 2016, due to a decrease in vendor deposits and other long term assets versus a decrease of $1,009 for the comparable 2015 period; and
accounts payable and other current liabilities decreased $2,439 during the six months ended June 30, 2016 versus an increase of $1,666 for the comparable 2015 period due to timing of vendor payments and the payment of 2015 accrued compensation.
Cash provided by operating activities may not be sufficient to cover new purchases of property and equipment during 2016 and potential litigation expenses associated with patent litigation, including any potential payment required on the ultimate outcomes of the associated litigation. The timing and amount of future working capital changes and our ability to manage our days sales outstanding will also affect the future amount of cash used in or provided by operating activities.
Investing Activities
Net cash used in investing activities was $36,155 for the six months ended June 30, 2016, versus net cash used in investing activities of $12,222 for the comparable 2015 period. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we liquidated our investments in marketable securities in order to provide collateral for the stand-by letter of credit for the previously estimated upper end of our range of potential loss in our intellectual property dispute with Akamai. Refer to Note 12 "Contingencies - Legal Matters" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I for further information.
We expect to have ongoing capital expenditure requirements as we continue to invest in and expand our content delivery network. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we made capital expenditures of $1,680, which represented approximately 2% of our total revenue. We currently expect a decrease in capital expenditures in 2016 compared to 2015, as we believe technological enhancements in our software will provide increased capacity in our global network and systems. We will continue to utilize our vendor financing to acquire capital assets throughout the remainder of the year.
Financing Activities
Net cash provided by financing activities was $12,224 for the six months ended June 30, 2016, versus net cash used in financing activities of $740 for the comparable 2015 period. Net cash provided by financing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2016, primarily relates to proceeds from borrowings against our line of credit of $12,790, and cash received from the exercise of stock options and our employee stock purchase plan of $856, offset by payments of employee tax withholdings related to the net settlement of vested restricted stock units of $944 and principal payments made on our capital lease obligations of $478.
Net cash used in financing activities in the six months ended June 30, 2015, related to payments of employee tax withholdings related to the net settlement of vested restricted stock units of $1,944, cash paid for the repurchase of our common stock of $957, and payments made on our capital lease obligations of $358, offset by cash received from the exercise of stock options and our employee stock plan of $2,519.
Line of Credit
On November 2, 2015, we entered into a Credit Agreement with SVB. The Credit Agreement provides for revolving credit borrowings up to a maximum principal amount of $25,000. As of June 30, 2016, we have outstanding borrowings against the line of credit of $12,790. All outstanding borrowings owed under the Credit Agreement become due and payable no later than the final maturity date of November 2, 2017. For a more detailed discussion regarding our Credit Agreement, please

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refer to Note 10 "Line of Credit" of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Financial Covenants and Borrowing Limitations
The Credit Agreement requires, and any future credit facilities will likely require, us to comply with specified financial requirements that may limit the amount we can borrow. A breach of any of these covenants could result in a default. Our ability to satisfy those covenants depends principally upon our ability to meet or exceed certain financial performance results. Any debt agreements we enter into in the future may further limit our ability to enter into certain types of transactions.
The Credit Agreement contains a covenant that requires us to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of $100,000. Tangible net worth is defined as total shareholders’ equity less cash held by our foreign subsidiaries, goodwill and other intangible assets. The tangible net worth requirement is adjusted by up to $52,500 upon recording a provision or making a payment related to the Akamai ‘703 Litigation. We are also subject to certain customary limitations on our ability to, among other things, incur debt, grant liens, make acquisitions and other investments, make certain restricted payments such as dividends, dispose of assets or undergo a change in control. The tangible net worth covenant could have the effect of limiting our availability under the Credit Agreement, as additional borrowings would be prohibited if we would be in violation of such covenant. In addition, we have a maximum unfinanced capital expenditures amount of $25,000 per annum. As of June 30, 2016, we remained in compliance with our debt covenants.
The maximum amount we can borrow under the Credit Agreement is subject to contractual and borrowing base limitations, which could significantly and negatively impact our future access to capital required to operate our business. Borrowing base limitations are based upon eligible accounts receivable. If the value of our accounts receivable decreases for any reason, or if some portion of our accounts receivable is deemed ineligible under the terms of the Credit Agreement, the amount we can borrow under the Credit Agreement could be reduced. These limitations could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity and financial condition. We had no outstanding borrowings at December 31, 2015, and had availability under the Credit Agreement of approximately $18,000. As of June 30, 2016, we had borrowed $12,790, and our remaining availability under the Credit Agreement was approximately $5,400.
We may also be prevented from taking advantage of business opportunities that arise because of the limitations imposed on us by restrictive covenants within the Credit Agreement. These restrictions may also limit our ability to plan for or react to market conditions, meet capital needs or otherwise restrict our activities or business plans and adversely affect our ability to finance our operations, enter into acquisitions, execute our business strategy, effectively compete with companies that are not similarly restricted or engage in other business activities that would be in our interest. In the future, we may also incur debt obligations that might subject us to additional and different restrictive covenants that could affect our financial and operational flexibility. We cannot assure you that we will be granted waivers or amendments to the indenture governing the Credit Agreement, or such other debt obligations if for any reason we are unable to comply with our obligations thereunder or that we will be able to refinance our debt on acceptable terms, or at all, should we seek to do so. Any such limitations on borrowing under the Credit Agreement, including a payment related to the Akamai '703 Litigation toward the previously estimated upper end or in excess of the range of loss, could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity and our ability to continue as a going concern could be impaired.
On July 1, 2016, the District Court entered final judgment in the case and reduced total damages payable by us to $50,956, which is significantly less than the previously disclosed upper-end of range of loss of $62,790. As a result, in July 2016, we have regained access to $11,834 of availability under our line of credit.
On August 1, 2016, we entered into a settlement and license agreement with Akamai with respect to the ‘703 and certain other related patents. The agreement settles all asserted and unasserted claims with respect to the licensed patents. The terms of the agreement require us to pay $54,000 over twelve equal quarterly installments beginning on August 1, 2016. The settlement and license agreement requires Akamai to release us from the letter of credit promptly following its receipt of the initial license payment. In accordance with ASC 855, Subsequent Events, this is a recognized subsequent event. Accordingly, we have taken a charge in the quarter ended June 30, 2016 for the full, undiscounted amount of $54,000, per our accounting policy.
Capital leases
In October 2015, we entered into a $10,000 equipment financing arrangement. The arrangement allows us to finance equipment purchases over a period of 4 years at variable interest rates. As of June 30, 2016, our blended interest rate on our capital leases was 5.83%. As of June 30, 2016, and December 31, 2015, we have approximately $4,127 and $1,902 in capital leases outstanding.

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Share repurchases
On February 12, 2014, our board of directors authorized a $15,000 share repurchase program. During the three months ended March 31, 2015, we purchased and canceled approximately 293 shares. All repurchased shares were canceled and returned to authorized but unissued status. During the six months ended June 30, 2016, we did not purchase any shares. As of June 30, 2016, we have $9,525 remaining under this share repurchase authorization.
Contractual Obligations, Contingent Liabilities, and Commercial Commitments
In the normal course of business, we make certain long-term commitments for operating leases, primarily office facilities, bandwidth, and computer rack space. These leases expire on various dates ranging from 2016 to 2022. We expect that the growth of our business will require us to continue to add to and increase our long-term commitments in 2016 and beyond. As a result of our growth strategies, we believe that our liquidity and capital resources requirements will grow.
The following table presents our contractual obligations and commercial commitments, as of June 30, 2016, over the next five years and thereafter:
 
 
Payments Due by Period
 
 

 
Less than
 

 

 
More than
 
 
Total
 
1 year
 
1-3 years
 
3-5 years
 
5 years
Operating Leases
 

 

 

 

 

  Bandwidth leases
 
$
25,057

 
$
17,538

 
$
7,412

 
$
81

 
$
26

  Rack space leases
 
26,155

 
13,169

 
12,767

 
216

 
3

  Real estate leases
 
10,722

 
3,690

 
5,598

 
1,235

 
199

Total operating leases
 
61,934

 
34,397

 
25,777

 
1,532

 
228

Capital leases
 
4,584

 
1,158

 
2,662

 
764

 

Bank debt (1)
 
12,790

 

 
12,790

 

 

Interest on bank debt (2)
 
557

 
415

 
142

 

 

Settlement agreement
 
54,000

 
18,000

 
36,000

 

 

Other purchase obligations
 
120

 
120

 

 

 

Total commitments
 
$
133,985

 
$
54,090