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Section 1: 11-K (11-K)

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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 11-K
 
 
ý
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from             to             
Commission file number: 1-1169
 
THE VOLUNTARY INVESTMENT PENSION PLAN FOR HOURLY EMPLOYEES OF THE TIMKEN COMPANY
(Full title of the Plan)

 
 

THE TIMKEN COMPANY, 4500 Mt. Pleasant St., NW,
North Canton, OH 44720-5450
(Name of issuer of the securities held pursuant to the Plan and the address of its principal executive office)
 



Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company

Financial Statements and Supplemental Schedules
December 31, 2015 and 2014 and
Year Ended December 31, 2015

Table of Contents

Financial Statements
 
Supplemental Schedules
 
 
 
Exhibit 23.1 - Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Bober, Markey &
                       Fedorovich & Company
 
Exhibit 23.2 - Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
 





Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Timken Company, Administrator of The
Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
North Canton, Ohio

We have audited the accompanying Statement of Net Assets Available for Benefits of The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of the Timken Company (the “Plan”) as of December 31, 2015 and the related Statement of Changes in Net Assets Available for Benefits for the year then ended. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Plan’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audit. The financial statements of the Plan as of December 31, 2014 were audited by other auditors whose report dated June 29, 2015 expressed an unqualified opinion on the financial statements.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the net assets available of the Plan as of December 31, 2015, and the changes in net assets available for the year then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

The supplemental information in the accompanying and Schedule of Delinquent Participant Contributions for the year ended December 31, 2015 and Schedule of Assets (Held at End of Year) as of December 31, 2015 have been subjected to audit procedures performed in conjunction with the audit of the Plan’s financial statements. The supplemental information is presented for the purpose of additional analysis and is not a required part of the financial statements but include supplemental information required by the Department of Labor’s Rules and Regulations for Reporting and Disclosure under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. The supplemental information is the responsibility of management. Our audit procedures include determining whether the supplemental information reconciles to the financial statements or the underlying accounting and other records, as applicable, and performing procedures to test the completeness and accuracy of the information presented in the supplemental information.

In forming our opinion on the supplemental information in the accompanying schedules, we evaluated whether the supplemental information, including its form and content, is presented in conformity with the Department of Labor’s Rules and Regulations for Reporting and Disclosure under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974. In our opinion, the supplemental information in the accompanying schedules is fairly stated in all material respects in relation to the financial statements as a whole.

/s/ BOBER, MARKEY, FEDOROVICH & COMPANY

Akron, Ohio
June 17, 2016



1


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Timken Company, Administrator of
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company

We have audited the accompanying statement of net assets available for benefits of The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company as of December 31, 2014. This financial statement is the responsibility of the Plan's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this financial statement based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statement is free of material misstatement. We were not engaged to perform an audit of the Plan's internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Plan's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statement, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statement referred to above presents fairly, in all material respects, the net assets available for benefits of The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company at December 31, 2014, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

Akron, Ohio
June 29, 2015



2

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company

Statements of Net Assets Available for Benefits

 
 
December 31,
Assets
 
2015
 
2014
Investments, at fair value:
 
 
 
 
Interest in The Master Trust Agreement for The Timken Company Defined Contribution Plans
 
$
19,796,251

 
$
22,891,166

Receivables:
 
 
 
 
Contributions receivable from participants
 
12,594

 
17,951

Notes receivable from participants
 
370,340

 
391,223

 
 
382,934

 
409,174

 
 
 
 
 
Total assets reflecting investments at fair value
 
20,179,185

 
23,300,340

 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment from fair value to contract value for interest in The Master Trust Agreement for The Timken Company Defined Contribution Plans relating to fully benefit-responsive investment contracts
 
(15,299
)
 
(45,068
)
Net assets available for benefits
 
$
20,163,886

 
$
23,255,272

 
 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes.
 
 
 
 


3

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company

Statement of Changes in Net Assets Available for Benefits

Year Ended December 31, 2015


Additions
 
Interest income on notes receivable from participants
$
15,702

Contributions:
 
Participants
356,984

 
356,984

Total additions
372,686

 
 
Deductions
 
Investment loss:
 
Net depreciation from The Master Trust Agreement for The Timken Company
Defined Contribution Plans
1,384,081

Benefits paid directly to participants
2,078,590

Administrative expenses
1,401

Total deductions
3,464,072

 
 
Net decrease
(3,091,386
)
 
 
Net assets available for benefits:
 
Beginning of year
23,255,272

End of year
$
20,163,886

 
 
See accompanying notes.
 




4

The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of the Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements
December 31, 2015 and 2014 and
Year Ending December 31, 2015


1. Description of the Plan
The following description of the Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company (the Plan) provides only general information. Participants should refer to the 2012 401(k) Agreement Between The Timken Company and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union (the 401(k) Agreement), for a more complete description of the Plan’s provisions.

On June 30, 2014, the Company completed the separation of its steel business from its bearings and power transmission business through a spinoff, creating a new independent publicly traded company, TimkenSteel Corporation (TimkenSteel). The Company's board of directors declared a distribution of all outstanding common shares of TimkenSteel through a dividend. At the close of business on June 30, 2014, the Company's shareholders received one common share of TimkenSteel for every two common shares of the Company they held as of the close of business on June 23, 2014. A dividend of $1,307,705 in common shares in TimkenSteel was distributed to participants in the Plan, creating the TimkenSteel Common Stock Fund. In addition, as a result of the spinoff, $130,234,995 in plan assets were transferred to TimkenSteel Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for TimkenSteel employees and retirees.

General
The Plan is a defined contribution plan covering all employees of The Timken Company (the Company and Plan Administrator) who are represented by the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union. Employees of the Company become eligible to participate in the Plan beginning the first month following completion of a 120 working day probationary period, provided that health care benefits have become effective or have completed 1,000 hours of service in a twelve month period starting with the employee's original date of hire. Effective January 1, 2015, an Employee, who was a transferred participant or a transferred employee, will be immediately eligible to participate in the Plan upon being reemployed by the Company. The Plan is subject to the provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA).

Contributions
Each year, participants may contribute any whole percentage of their gross earnings, as defined in the Plan, subject to Internal Revenue Service (IRS) limitations. Participants may also contribute amounts representing distributions from other qualified defined benefit or defined contribution plans. Upon enrollment, a participant must direct their contribution in 1% increments to any of the Plan’s fund options. Participants have access to their account information and the ability to make account transfers and contribution changes daily through an automated telecommunication system and through the Internet.
Delinquent Participant Contributions
During 2015 and 2014, the Company failed to transmit certain participant contributions to the Plan in the amount of $209 and $8,570, respectively, within the time period prescribed by ERISA. Late transmissions of participant contributions constitute a prohibited transaction under ERISA section 406, regardless of materiality. The Company transmitted the 2014 delinquent participant contributions to the Plan by December 31, 2015 and reimbursed the Plan for lost earnings in the amount of $169 during 2015. The related excise taxes were paid by the Company. The Company transmitted the 2015 delinquent participant contributions to the Plan in 2016 and reimbursed the Plan for lost earnings in the amount of $9 during 2016. The related excise taxes were paid by the Company.

Participant Accounts
Each participant’s account is credited with the participant’s contributions and allocations of plan earnings, and is charged administrative expenses, as appropriate. Allocations are based on account balances, as defined. The benefit to which a participant is entitled is the benefit that can be provided from the participant’s vested account.

Vesting
Participants vest immediately in all contributions plus actual earnings thereon.





5

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)


Notes Receivable from Participants
Participants may borrow from their accounts a minimum of $1,000 up to a maximum equal to the lesser of $50,000 or 50% of their account balance. Loan terms generally cannot exceed four years. The loans bear interest at an interest rate of 1% in excess of the prime rate, as published the first business day of each month in the Wall Street Journal. Principal and interest are paid ratably through payroll deductions.

Payment of Benefits
On termination of service, a participant may receive a lump-sum amount equal to the balance of their account or elect to receive installment payments of their assets over a period of time not to exceed their life expectancy. If a participant’s account balance is greater than $1,000, they may leave their vested assets in the Plan until age 70-1/2 after which time the lump sum or installment distribution options would apply.

Hardship withdrawals are allowed for participants incurring an immediate and severe financial need, as defined by the Plan. Hardship withdrawals are strictly regulated by the IRS and a participant must exhaust all available loan options and distributions prior to requesting a hardship withdrawal.

Administrative Expenses
The Plan's administrative expenses are paid by either the Plan or the Company, as provided by the Plan's provisions. Administrative expenses paid by the Plan include recordkeeping and trustee fees. Expenses relating to purchases, sales or transfers of the Plan's investments are charged to the particular investment fund to which the expenses relate. All other administrative expenses of the Plan are paid by the Company. Expenses that are paid by the Company are excluded from these financial statements.

Plan Termination
The Plan shall continue in full force and effect until January 1, 2018, and for yearly periods thereafter unless either the Company or the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union shall notify the other party in writing within 60 days before the termination date of the 401(k) Agreement that they desire to terminate the agreement.

The Plan may generally be amended by mutual consent of the Company and the United Steel, Paper and Forestry, Rubber, Manufacturing, Energy, Allied Industrial and Service Workers International Union. In the event of Plan termination, the Plan’s trustee, Great-West Trust Company, LLC (Trustee) shall distribute to each participant the amount standing to their credit in their separate account. Participants may elect to have dividends in the Timken Company Common Stock Fund distributed to them in cash rather than automatically reinvested in Timken common shares.

2. Accounting Policies

Basis of Accounting
The financial statements have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting.

Payment of Benefits
Benefit payments are recorded when paid.
 
Investment Valuation and Income Recognition
The Plan’s investments are stated at fair value and are invested in The Master Trust Agreement for the Company Defined Contribution Plans (Master Trust), which was established for the investment of assets of the Plan and the two other defined contribution plans sponsored by the Company.

The Trustee maintains a collective investment trust of common shares of The Timken Company in which the Company’s defined contribution plans participate on a unit basis. Common shares of the Timken Company are traded on a national securities exchange and participation units in The Timken Company Common Stock Fund are valued at the last reported sales price on the last business day of the plan year.

Purchases and sales of securities are recorded on a trade-date basis. Dividends are recorded on the ex-dividend date.

6

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)



Notes Receivable from Participants
Participant notes receivable represents participant loans that are recorded at their unpaid principal balance plus any accrued but unpaid interest. Interest income on notes receivable from participants is recorded when it is earned. Related fees are recorded as administrative expenses and are expensed when they are incurred. No allowance for credit losses has been recorded as of December 31, 2015 or 2014. If a participant ceases to make loan repayments and the Plan Administrator deems the participant loan to be a distribution, the participant loan balance is reduced and a benefit payment is recorded.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) requires management to make estimates that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

New Accounting Pronouncements
In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-12, Plan Accounting: Defined Benefit Pension Plans (Topic 960), Defined Contribution Pension Plans (Topic 962), Health and Welfare Benefit Plans (Topic 965): (Part I) Fully Benefit-Responsive Investment Contracts, (Part II) Plan Investment Disclosures, (Part III) Measurement Date Practical Expedient. Part I of the ASU eliminates the requirements to measure the fair value of fully benefit-responsive investment contracts and provide certain disclosures. Contract value is the only required measure for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts. Part II of the ASU eliminates the requirements to disclose individual investments that represent 5 percent or more of net assets available for benefits and the net appreciation or depreciation in fair value of investments by general type. It also simplifies the level of disaggregation of investments that are measured using fair value. Plans will continue to disaggregate investments that are measured using fair value by general type; however, plans are no longer required to also disaggregate investments by nature, characteristics and risks. Further, the disclosure of information about fair value measurements shall be provided by general type of plan asset. Part III of the ASU allows a plan with a fiscal year end that doesn’t coincide with the end of a calendar month to measure its investments and investment-related accounts using the month end closest to its fiscal year end. The ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Parts I and II are to be applied retrospectively. Part III is to be applied prospectively. Plans can early adopt any of the ASU’s three parts without early adopting the other parts. Management is currently evaluating the effect that the provisions of Part I and Part II of ASU 2015-12 will have on the Plan’s financial statements. Part III is not applicable to the Plan.

In May 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-07, Disclosures for Investments in Certain Entities that Calculate Net Asset Value Per Share (or its Equivalent). ASU 2015-07 removes the requirement to categorize within the fair value hierarchy investments for which fair values are estimated using the net asset value practical expedient provided by Accounting Standards Codification 820, Fair Value Measurement. Disclosures about investments in certain entities that calculate net asset value per share are limited under ASU 2015-07 to those investments for which the entity has elected to estimate the fair value using the net asset value practical expedient. ASU 2015-07 is effective for entities (other than public business entities) for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, with retrospective application to all periods presented. Early application is permitted. Management is currently evaluating the effect that the provisions of ASU 2015-07 will have on the Plan’s financial statements.
.
Subsequent Events
Management evaluates subsequent events and transactions occurring subsequent to the date of the financial statements that affect recognition or disclosure to the financial statements.


7

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

3. Investments
The Plan’s assets are held in the Master Trust, commingled with assets of other Company-sponsored benefit plans.

Each participating plan’s interest in the investment funds (i.e., separate accounts) of the Master Trust is based on account balances of the participants and their elected investment funds. The Master Trust assets are allocated among the participating plans by assigning to each plan those transactions (primarily contributions, benefit payments, and plan-specific expenses) that can be specifically identified and by allocating among all plans, in proportion to the fair value of the assets assigned to each plan, income and expenses resulting from the collective investment of the assets of the Master Trust. The Plan’s ownership percentage in the Master Trust as of December 31, 2015 and 2014 was 2.15% and 2.15%, respectively.

The following tables present the value of investments in the Master Trust and the Plan’s ownership percentage in each investment fund of the Master Trust:

 
December 31, 2015
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Company Stock
 
Registered Investment Companies
 
Common Collective Funds
 
Total Assets
 
Plan's Ownership Percentage
Investment, at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Timken Company Common Stock Fund
$
90

 
$
117,471,456

 
$

 
$

 
$
117,471,546

 
1.58
%
TimkenSteel Common Stock Fund
1

 
11,517,698

 

 

 
11,517,699

 
1.77
%
American Funds EuroPacific Growth

 

 
85,746,776

 

 
85,746,776

 
0.66
%
American Funds Washington Mutual Investors

 

 
26,736,461

 

 
26,736,461

 
1.06
%
American Beacon Small Cap Value

 

 
16,913,911

 

 
16,913,911

 
1.97
%
Eagle Small Cap Growth

 

 
12,513,727

 

 
12,513,727

 
1.53
%
Vanguard Target Retirement Income

 

 
16,855,898

 

 
16,855,898

 
0.56
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015

 

 
43,801,786

 

 
43,801,786

 
2.13
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025

 

 
40,879,722

 

 
40,879,722

 
1.15
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035

 

 
35,885,129

 

 
35,885,129

 
0.21
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2045

 

 
15,425,679

 

 
15,425,679

 
0.33
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2055

 

 
851,790

 

 
851,790

 
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020

 

 
17,554,594

 

 
17,554,594

 
0.51
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030

 

 
8,308,521

 

 
8,308,521

 
1.84
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2040

 

 
3,726,655

 

 
3,726,655

 
0.35
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2050

 

 
3,333,234

 

 
3,333,234

 
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2060

 

 
659,076

 

 
659,076

 
%
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index

 

 

 
7,792,129

 
7,792,129

 
99.52
%
JPMCB Core Bond

 

 

 
85,675,984

 
85,675,984

 
2.20
%
JPMorgan Equity Index

 

 

 
143,784,620

 
143,784,620

 
0.00
%
Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth

 

 

 
57,191,575

 
57,191,575

 
1.97
%
SSgA Russell 2000-A Index

 

 

 
43,004,113

 
43,004,113

 
1.50
%
 
$
91

 
$
128,989,154

 
$
329,192,959

 
$
337,448,421

 
$
795,630,625

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Return
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,075,107

 
$
3,075,107

 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value

 

 

 
122,970,956

 
122,970,956

 
 
Adjustment from fair value to contract value

 

 

 
(627,095
)
 
(627,095
)
 
 
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
125,418,968

 
$
125,418,968

 
2.44
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Assets of Master Trust
$
91

 
$
128,989,154

 
$
329,192,959

 
$
462,867,389

 
$
921,049,593

 
2.15
%


8

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

 
December 31, 2014
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents
 
Company Stock
 
Registered Investment Companies
 
Common Collective Funds
 
Total Assets
 
Plan's Ownership Percentage
Investment, at Fair Value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Timken Company Common Stock Fund
$
657,641

 
$
169,394,951

 
$

 
$

 
$
170,052,592

 
1.58
%
TimkenSteel Common Stock Fund
11,108

 
63,360,126

 

 

 
63,371,234

 
1.67
%
Morgan Stanley Small Company Growth

 

 
14,813,430

 

 
14,813,430

 
1.81
%
American Funds EuroPacific Growth

 

 
86,365,892

 

 
86,365,892

 
0.81
%
American Funds Washington Mutual Investors

 

 
29,056,130

 

 
29,056,130

 
1.54
%
American Beacon Small Cap Value

 

 
19,829,041

 

 
19,829,041

 
1.98
%
Vanguard Target Retirement Income

 

 
18,682,387

 

 
18,682,387

 
0.34
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2015

 

 
53,853,742

 

 
53,853,742

 
2.09
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2025

 

 
42,876,841

 

 
42,876,841

 
1.02
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2035

 

 
35,591,237

 

 
35,591,237

 
0.23
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2045

 

 
14,860,688

 

 
14,860,688

 
0.59
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2020

 

 
14,653,078

 

 
14,653,078

 
0.58
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2030

 

 
10,230,594

 

 
10,230,594

 
0.59
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2040

 

 
3,273,703

 

 
3,273,703

 
0.32
%
Vanguard Target Retirement 2050

 

 
2,702,181

 

 
2,702,181

 
0.11
%
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index

 

 

 
8,519,545

 
8,519,545

 
99.39
%
JPMBC Core Bond

 

 

 
88,400,086

 
88,400,086

 
2.22
%
JPMorgan Equity Index

 

 

 
149,370,583

 
149,370,583

 
0.00
%
Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth

 

 

 
56,696,153

 
56,696,153

 
1.74
%
SSgA Russell 2000-A Index

 

 

 
47,039,238

 
47,039,238

 
1.51
%
 
$
668,749

 
$
232,755,077

 
$
346,788,944

 
$
350,025,605

 
$
930,238,375

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Return
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3,264,205

 
$
3,264,205

 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value

 

 

 
128,802,600

 
128,802,600

 
 
Adjustment from fair value to contract value

 

 

 
(1,823,408
)
 
(1,823,408
)
 
 
 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
130,243,397

 
$
130,243,397

 
2.47
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net Assets of Master Trust
$
668,749

 
$
232,755,077

 
$
346,788,944

 
$
480,269,002

 
$
1,060,481,772

 
2.15
%

9

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)


Changes in net assets for the Master Trust are as follows:

 
Year Ended
December 31, 2015
 
 
Net transfers (contributions, transfers and benefit payments for the participating plans)
$
(44,744,705
)
Net appreciation (depreciation) in fair value of instruments:
 
   Company stock funds
(100,999,887
)
   Registered investment companies
(11,992,635
)
   Common collective funds
6,410,476

 
(151,326,751
)
 
 
Interest
1,550

Dividends
12,856,400

 
12,857,950

 
 
Total investment loss (net of transfers)
(138,468,801
)
Administrative expenses
(963,378
)
Net decrease
(139,432,179
)
Net assets:
 
   Beginning of the year
1,060,481,772

   End of the year
$
921,049,593




10

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

4. Fair Value
The fair value framework for measuring fair value provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, are described as follows:
Level 1 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets that the Plan has the ability to access.
Level 2 - Inputs to the valuation methodology include:
quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;
quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets;
inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability;
inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.
 
If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.
Level 3 - Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

The asset or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques maximize the use of relevant observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

11

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

The following tables present the fair value hierarchy for those investments of the Master Trust measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2015 and 2014:

 
Assets at Fair Value as of
 
December 31, 2015
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JPMorgan US Government Money Market
$
91

 
$

 
$
91

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Timken Company Common Stock
117,471,456

 
117,471,456

 

 

TimkenSteel Common Stock
11,517,698

 
11,517,698

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Registered Investment Companies:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
American Funds EuroPacific Growth
85,746,776

 
85,746,776

 

 

American Funds Washington Mutual Investors
26,736,461

 
26,736,461

 

 

American Beacon Small Cap Value
16,913,911

 
16,913,911

 

 

Eagle Small Cap Growth
12,513,727

 
12,513,727

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement Income
16,855,898

 
16,855,898

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2015
43,801,786

 
43,801,786

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2020
17,554,594

 
17,554,594

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2025
40,879,722

 
40,879,722

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2030
8,308,521

 
8,308,521

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2035
35,885,129

 
35,885,129

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2040
3,726,655

 
3,726,655

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2045
15,425,679

 
15,425,679

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2050
3,333,234

 
3,333,234

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2055
851,790

 
851,790

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2060
659,076

 
659,076

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Collective Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index
7,792,129

 

 
7,792,129

 

SSgA Russell 2000-A Index
43,004,113

 

 
43,004,113

 

JPMorgan Equity Index
143,784,620

 

 
143,784,620

 

Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth
57,191,575

 

 
57,191,575

 

JPMCB Core Bond
85,675,984

 

 
85,675,984

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Collective Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Return
3,075,107

 

 
3,075,107

 

Wells Fargo Stable Value
122,970,956

 

 
122,970,956

 

Total assets
$
921,676,688

 
$
481,549,430

 
$
463,494,575

 
$



12

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

 
Assets at Fair Value as of
 
December 31, 2014
 
Total
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and Cash Equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JPMorgan US Government Money Market
$
668,749

 
$

 
$
668,749

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Company Stock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Timken Company Common Stock
169,394,951

 
169,394,951

 

 

       The TimkenSteel Common Stock
63,360,126

 
63,360,126

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Registered Investment Companies:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Morgan Stanley Small Company Growth
14,813,430

 
14,813,430

 

 

American Funds EuroPacific Growth
86,365,892

 
86,365,892

 

 

American Funds Washington Mutual Investors
29,056,130

 
29,056,130

 

 

American Beacon Small Cap Value
19,829,041

 
19,829,041

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement Income
18,682,387

 
18,682,387

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2015
53,853,742

 
53,853,742

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2020
14,653,078

 
14,653,078

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2025
42,876,841

 
42,876,841

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2030
10,230,594

 
10,230,594

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2035
35,591,237

 
35,591,237

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2040
3,273,703

 
3,273,703

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2045
14,860,688

 
14,860,688

 

 

Vanguard Target Retirement 2050
2,702,181

 
2,702,181

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Collective Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index
8,519,545

 

 
8,519,545

 

SSgA Russell 2000-A Index
47,039,238

 

 
47,039,238

 

JPMorgan Equity Index
149,370,583

 

 
149,370,583

 

Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth
56,696,153

 

 
56,696,153

 

JPMCB Core Bond
88,400,086

 

 
88,400,086

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common Collective Funds:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Wells Fargo Stable Return
3,264,205

 

 
3,264,205

 

Wells Fargo Stable Value
128,802,600

 

 
128,802,600

 

Total assets
$
1,062,305,180

 
$
579,544,021

 
$
482,761,159

 
$




13

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

The investment strategy for American Funds Washington Mutual Investors is to invest in common stocks of established companies that are listed on, or meet the financial listing requirements of, the New York Stock Exchange and have a strong record of earnings and dividends.
The Timken Company and TimkenSteel Common Stock Funds participate in units and are valued based on the closing price of each company's common shares traded on a national securities exchange. Registered investment companies are valued based on quoted market prices reported on the active market on which the individual securities are traded.
The JPMorgan S&P 500 Index Fund and the JPMorgan Equity Index Fund include investments that provide exposure to a broad equity market and are designed to mirror the aggregate price and dividend performance of the S&P 500 Index. The fair values of the investments in this category have been determined using the net asset value per share.
The JPMCB Core Bond Fund invests primarily in a diversified portfolio of intermediate and long-term debt securities and is valued using the net asset value per share.
The SSgA Russell 2000-A Index Fund includes investments seeking an investment return that approximates as closely as practicable, before expenses, the performance of the Russell 2000 Index over the long term. The fund includes exposure to stocks of small U.S. companies. The fair value of the investments in this category has been determined using the net asset value per share.
The Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth Fund is a portfolio that invests at least 80% of its net assets in equity securities of U.S. companies with market capitalization in excess of $4 billion at the time of purchase. The fair value of the investments in this category has been determined using the net asset value per share on the active market on which the individual securities are traded.

During 2014, the Company replaced the JP Morgan Stable Value Fund with the Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund. The Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund primarily invests in security backed investment contracts and is measured using the net asset value per share. As a result of the transition to the Wells Fargo Stable Value Fund, there are no Level 3 assets at December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively.






14

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

The following tables summarize investments measured at fair value based on net asset value (NAVs) per share as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, respectively:
December 31, 2015
 
Fair Value
 
Redemption Unfunded Commitments
 
Redemption Frequency
 
Redemption Notice Period
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index
 
$
7,792,129

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
JPMCB Core Bond
 
$
85,675,984

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
SSgA Russell 2000-A Index
 
$
43,004,113

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
JPMorgan Equity Index
 
$
143,784,620

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day + 1 day
Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth
 
$
57,191,575

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
Wells Fargo Stable Return
 
$
3,075,107

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
Wells Fargo Stable Value
 
$
122,970,956

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
December 31, 2014
 
Fair Value
 
Redemption Unfunded Commitments
 
Redemption Frequency
 
Redemption Notice Period
JPMorgan S&P 500 Index
 
$
8,519,545

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
JPMCB Core Bond
 
$
88,400,086

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
SSgA Russell 2000-A Index
 
$
47,039,238

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
JPMorgan Equity Index
 
$
149,370,583

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day + 1 day
Nuveen Winslow Large-Cap Growth
 
$
56,696,153

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
Wells Fargo Stable Return
 
$
3,264,205

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day
Wells Fargo Stable Value
 
$
128,802,600

 
Not applicable
 
Daily
 
Trade Day


15

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

5. Reconciliation of Financial Statements to the Form 5500
The following is a reconciliation of net assets available for benefits per the financial statements to the Form 5500:
 
December 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Net assets available for Benefits per the financial statements
$
20,163,886

 
$
23,255,272

Adjustments from contract value to fair value for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts
15,299

 
45,068

Net assets available for benefits per the Form 5500
$
20,179,185

 
$
23,300,340


The fully benefit-responsive investment contracts have been adjusted from fair value to contract value for purposes of the financial statements. For purposes of the Form 5500, the investment contracts will be stated at fair value.

The following is a reconciliation of net increase (decrease) per the financial statements to total income (loss) per the Form 5500 for the year ended December 31, 2015:
 
December 31, 2015
Total net decrease per the financial statements
$
(3,091,386
)
Less: Adjustment from fair value to contract value for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts at December 31, 2014
(45,068
)
Add: Adjustment from fair value to contract value for fully benefit-responsive investment contracts at December 31, 2015
15,299

Total loss per the Form 5500
$
(3,121,155
)

6. Risks and Uncertainties
The Master Trust invests in various investment securities. Investment securities are exposed to various risks such as interest rate, market volatility, and credit risks. Due to the level of risk associated with certain investment securities, it is at least reasonably possible that changes in the values of investment securities will occur in the near term and that such changes could materially affect participants’ account balances and the amounts reported in the statements of net assets available for benefits.


7. Income Tax Status
The Plan has received a determination letter from the IRS dated September 24, 2013, stating that the Plan is qualified under Section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (the Code), and therefore, the related trust is exempt from taxation. Subsequent to this determination by the Internal Revenue Service, the Plan was amended. Once qualified, the Plan is required to operate in conformity with the Code to maintain its qualification. The Plan Administrator believes the Plan is being operated in compliance with the applicable requirements of the Code and therefore believes the Plan, as amended, is qualified and the related trust is tax-exempt. The Plan Administrator will take steps to ensure that the Plan's operations remain in compliance with the Code, including taking appropriate action, when necessary, to bring the Plan's operations into compliance.
 
Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States require plan management to evaluate uncertain tax positions taken by the Plan. The financial statement effects of a tax position are recognized when the position is more likely than not, based on the technical merits, to be sustained upon examination by the IRS. The Plan Administrator has analyzed the tax positions taken by the Plan, and has concluded that as of December 31, 2015 and 2014, there are no uncertain positions taken or expected to be taken. The Plan has recognized no interest or penalties related to uncertain tax positions. The Plan is subject to routine audits by taxing jurisdictions; however, there are currently no audits for any tax periods in progress. The Plan Administrator believes it is no longer subject to income tax examinations for years prior to 2012.
 


16

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company
Notes to Financial Statements (continued)

8. Related-Party Transactions
Related-party transactions included the investments in the common stock of the Company and the investment funds of the Trustee. Such transactions are exempt from being prohibited transactions.
The following is a summary of transactions in Timken common shares with the Plan for the year ended December 31, 2015:
 
Dollars
Purchased
$
126,473

Issued to participants for payment of benefits
$
82,471

Purchases and benefits paid to participants include Timken common shares valued at quoted market prices at the date of purchase or distribution.
Certain legal and accounting fees and certain administrative expenses relating to the maintenance of participant records are paid by the Company. Fees paid during the year for services rendered by parties in interest were based on customary and reasonable rates for such services.

During 2015, there were benefits paid of $31,720 to participants in TimkenSteel common shares.


17









Supplemental Schedules

18

Table of Contents
Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company


EIN #34-0577130      Plan #019

Schedule H, Line 4a - Schedule of Delinquent Participant Contributions

Year Ended December 31, 2015
Participant Contributions Transferred Late to Plan
 
Total that Constitutes Nonexempt Prohibited Transactions
 
Check here if Late Participant Loan Repayments are Included: ý
 
Contributions Not Corrected
 
Contributions Corrected Outside VFCP
 
Contributions Pending Correction in VFCP
 
Total Fully Corrected Under VFCP and PTE 2002-51
 
$
7,828.73

 
$

 
$
7,828.73

(1)
$

 
$

 
$
910.09

 
$

 
$
910.09

(2)
$

 
$

 
$
218.65

 
$

 
$
218.65

(3)
$

 
$

 

(1)
Represents delinquent participant contributions and lost earnings for various pay periods in 2014.
(2)
Represents delinquent loan repayments for various pay periods in 2014.
(3)
Represents delinquent loan repayments for January 9, 2015 pay period.


19

Table of Contents
The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for
Hourly Employees of The Timken Company

EIN #34-0577130      Plan #019
Schedule H, Line 4i - Schedule of Assets
(Held at End of Year)
Year Ended December 31, 2015
 
Identity of Issuer, Borrower, Lessor, or
Similar Party
 
Description of Investment,
Including Maturity Date, Rate of Interest,
Collateral, Par, or Maturity Value
  
Cost
 
Current Value
Participant notes receivable*
 
Interest rate of 4.25% with various maturity dates
  
$

 
$
370,340


* Indicates party in interest to the Plan
 
 


20


SIGNATURES
The Plan. Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the trustees (or other person who administer the employee benefit plan) have duly caused this annual report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
 
 
 
 
 
 
THE VOLUNTARY INVESTMENT PENSION PLAN FOR HOURLY EMPLOYEES OF THE TIMKEN COMPANY
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date: June 17, 2016
By:
/s/ J. Ted Mihaila
 
 
J. Ted Mihaila
 
 
Senior Vice President and Controller


21
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Section 2: EX-23.1 (EXHIBIT 23.1)

Exhibit


Exhibit 23.1
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the following Registration Statement (Form S-8 No. 333-66905; Form S-8 No. 333-52866; Form S-8 No. 333-113390; Form S-8 No. 333-157721) pertaining to The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company of our report dated June 17, 2016, with respect to the financial statements and schedules of The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company included in this Annual Report (Form 11-K) as of and for the year ended December 31, 2015.

/s/ BOBER, MARKEY, FEDOROVICH & COMPANY

Akron, Ohio
June 17, 2016



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Section 3: EX-23.2 (EXHIBIT 23.2)

Exhibit


Exhibit 23.2

Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

We consent to the incorporation by reference in the Registration Statements (Form S-8 No. 333-66905; Form S-8 No. 333-52866; Form S-8 No. 333-113390; Form S-8 No. 333-157721) pertaining to The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company of our report dated June 29, 2015, with respect to the statement of net assets available for benefits of The Voluntary Investment Pension Plan for Hourly Employees of The Timken Company included in this Annual Report (Form 11-K) for the year ended December 31, 2015.

/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP

Akron, Ohio
June 17, 2016



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