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FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2014 TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART IV

Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549



FORM 10-K




ý

 

Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014

o

 

Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934



Commission File Number   Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter,
addresses of principal executive offices, telephone numbers
and states or other jurisdictions of incorporation or organization
  I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number
814-00832   New Mountain Finance Corporation
787 Seventh Avenue, 48th Floor
New York, New York 10019
Telephone: (212) 720-0300
State of Incorporation: Delaware
  27-2978010



Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, $0.01 par value   The New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

 
  Title of each class    
    None    



         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o    No ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý    No o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes o    No o

         Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ý

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer", "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer ý   Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a
smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o

         Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o    No ý

         The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of New Mountain Finance Corporation on June 30, 2014, based on the closing price on that date of $14.86, on the New York Stock Exchange was $728.3 million. For the purposes of calculating this amount only, all directors and executive officers of the registrant have been treated as affiliates.

Description   Shares as of March 2, 2015
Common stock, $0.01 par value   57,997,890

         Portions of the Registrants' Proxy Statement for its 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year covered by this Annual Report on this Form 10-K are incorporated by reference into Part III on this Form 10-K.

   


Table of Contents


FORM 10-K FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2014
TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
   
  PAGE  

PART I

 

Item 1.

 

Business

    1  

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

    29  

Item 1B.

 

Unresolved Staff Comments

    61  

Item 2.

 

Properties

    61  

Item 3.

 

Legal Proceedings

    61  

Item 4.

 

Mine Safety Disclosures

    61  

PART II

 

Item 5.

 

Market for Registrants' Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

    62  

Item 6.

 

Selected Financial Data

    66  

Item 7.

 

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

    70  

Item 7A.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

    103  

Item 8.

 

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

    105  

Item 9.

 

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

    170  

Item 9A.

 

Controls and Procedures

    170  

Item 9B.

 

Other Information

    173  

PART III

 

Item 10.

 

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

    174  

Item 11.

 

Executive Compensation

    174  

Item 12.

 

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

    174  

Item 13.

 

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

    174  

Item 14.

 

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

    174  

PART IV

 

Item 15.

 

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

    175  

Table of Contents


PART I

Item 1.    Business

New Mountain Finance Corporation

        New Mountain Finance Corporation ("NMFC", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our") is a Delaware corporation that was originally incorporated on June 29, 2010. NMFC is a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a business development company ("BDC") under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the "1940 Act"). As such, NMFC is obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. NMFC has elected to be treated, and intends to comply with the requirements to continue to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company ("RIC") under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the "Code"). NMFC is also registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the "Advisers Act").

        On May 19, 2011, NMFC priced its initial public offering (the "IPO") of 7,272,727 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $13.75 per share. Concurrently with the closing of the IPO and at the public offering price of $13.75 per share, NMFC sold an additional 2,172,000 shares of its common stock to certain executives and employees of, and other individuals affiliated with, New Mountain Capital (defined as New Mountain Capital Group, L.L.C. and its affiliates) in a concurrent private placement (the "Concurrent Private Placement"). Additionally, 1,252,964 shares were issued to the partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P. at that time for their ownership interest in the Predecessor Entities (as defined below). In connection with NMFC's IPO and through a series of transactions, New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C. ("NMF Holdings" or the "Predecessor Operating Company") acquired all of the operations of the Predecessor Entities, including all of the assets and liabilities related to such operations.

New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C.

        NMF Holdings is a Delaware limited liability company. Until May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings was externally managed and was regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. As such, NMF Holdings was obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. NMF Holdings was treated as a partnership for United States ("U.S.") federal income tax purposes for so long as it had at least two members. With the completion of the underwritten secondary offering on February 3, 2014, NMF Holdings' existence as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes terminated and NMF Holdings became an entity that is disregarded as a separate entity from its owner for U.S. federal tax purposes. For additional information on the Company's organizational structure prior to May 8, 2014, see "—Restructuring".

        Until May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings was externally managed by New Mountain Finance Advisers BDC, L.L.C. (the "Investment Adviser"). As of May 8, 2014, the Investment Adviser serves as the external investment adviser to NMFC. New Mountain Finance Administration, L.L.C. (the "Administrator") provides the administrative services necessary for operations. The Investment Adviser and Administrator are wholly-owned subsidiaries of New Mountain Capital. New Mountain Capital is a firm with a track record of investing in the middle market and with assets under management totaling more than $15.0 billion(1), which includes total assets held by the Company. New Mountain Capital focuses on investing in defensive growth companies across its private equity, public equity and credit investment vehicles. NMF Holdings, formerly known as New Mountain Guardian (Leveraged), L.L.C., was originally formed as a subsidiary of New Mountain Guardian AIV, L.P. ("Guardian AIV") by New Mountain Capital in October 2008. Guardian AIV was formed through an allocation of approximately

   


(1)
Includes amounts committed, not all of which have been drawn down and invested to date, as of December 31, 2014.

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$300.0 million of the $5.1 billion of commitments supporting New Mountain Partners III, L.P., a private equity fund managed by New Mountain Capital. In February 2009, New Mountain Capital formed a co-investment vehicle, New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P., comprising $20.4 million of commitments. New Mountain Guardian (Leveraged), L.L.C. and New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P., together with their respective direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, are defined as the "Predecessor Entities".

        Prior to December 18, 2014, New Mountain Finance SPV Funding, L.L.C. ("NMF SLF") was a Delaware limited liability company. NMF SLF was a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMF Holdings and thus a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company. NMF SLF was bankruptcy-remote and non-recourse to NMFC. As part of an amendment to the Company's existing credit facilities with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, NMF SLF merged with and into NMF Holdings on December 18, 2014. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 7, Borrowings for additional information on the Company's credit facilities.

New Mountain Finance AIV Holdings Corporation

        Until April 25, 2014, New Mountain Finance AIV Holdings Corporation ("AIV Holdings") was a Delaware corporation that was originally incorporated on March 11, 2011. AIV Holdings was dissolved on April 25, 2014. Guardian AIV, a Delaware limited partnership, was AIV Holdings' sole stockholder. AIV Holdings was a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that was regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. As such, AIV Holdings was obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. AIV Holdings was treated, and complied with the requirements to qualify annually, as a RIC under the Code.

Structure

        Prior to the Restructuring (as defined below) on May 8, 2014, NMFC and AIV Holdings were holding companies with no direct operations of their own, and their sole asset was their ownership in NMF Holdings. In connection with the IPO, NMFC and AIV Holdings each entered into a joinder agreement with respect to the Limited Liability Company Agreement, as amended and restated (the "Operating Agreement"), of NMF Holdings, pursuant to which NMFC and AIV Holdings were admitted as members of NMF Holdings. NMFC acquired from NMF Holdings, with the gross proceeds of the IPO and the Concurrent Private Placement, common membership units ("units") of NMF Holdings (the number of units were equal to the number of shares of NMFC's common stock sold in the IPO and the Concurrent Private Placement). Additionally, NMFC received units of NMF Holdings equal to the number of shares of common stock of NMFC issued to the partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P. Guardian AIV was the parent of NMF Holdings prior to the IPO and, as a result of the transactions completed in connection with the IPO, obtained units in NMF Holdings. Guardian AIV contributed its units in NMF Holdings to its newly formed subsidiary, AIV Holdings, in exchange for common stock of AIV Holdings. AIV Holdings had the right to exchange all or any portion of its units in NMF Holdings for shares of NMFC's common stock on a one-for-one basis at any time.

        The original structure was designed to generally prevent NMFC from being allocated taxable income with respect to unrecognized gains that existed at the time of the IPO in the Predecessor Entities' assets, and rather such amounts would be allocated generally to AIV Holdings. The result was that any distributions made to NMFC's stockholders that were attributable to such gains generally were not treated as taxable dividends but rather as return of capital.

        Since NMFC's IPO, and through December 31, 2014, NMFC raised approximately $374.6 million in net proceeds from additional offerings of common stock and issued shares of its common stock valued at approximately $288.4 million on behalf of AIV Holdings for exchanged units. NMFC

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acquired from NMF Holdings units of NMF Holdings equal to the number of shares of NMFC's common stock sold in additional offerings. With the completion of the final secondary offering on February 3, 2014, NMFC owned 100.0% of the units of NMF Holdings, which became a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMFC.

Restructuring

        As a BDC, AIV Holdings had been subject to the 1940 Act, including certain provisions applicable only to BDCs. Accordingly, and after careful consideration of the 1940 Act requirements applicable to BDCs, the cost of 1940 Act compliance and a thorough assessment of AIV Holdings' business model, AIV Holdings' board of directors determined that continuation as a BDC was not in the best interests of AIV Holdings and Guardian AIV. Specifically, given that AIV Holdings was formed for the sole purpose of holding units of NMF Holdings and AIV Holdings had disposed of all of the units of NMF Holdings that it was holding as of February 3, 2014, the board of directors of AIV Holdings approved and declared advisable at an in-person meeting held on March 25, 2014 the withdrawal of AIV Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. In addition, the board of directors of AIV Holdings approved and declared advisable for AIV Holdings to terminate its registration under Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") and to dissolve AIV Holdings under the laws of the State of Delaware.

        Upon receipt of the necessary stockholder consent to authorize the board of directors of AIV Holdings to withdraw AIV Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC, the withdrawal was filed and became effective upon receipt by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") of AIV Holdings' notification of withdrawal on Form N-54C on April 15, 2014. The board of directors of AIV Holdings believed that AIV Holdings met the requirements for filing the notification to withdraw its election to be regulated as a BDC, upon the receipt of the necessary stockholder consent. After the notification of withdrawal of AIV Holdings' BDC election was filed with the SEC, AIV Holdings was no longer subject to the regulatory provisions of the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs generally, including regulations related to insurance, custody, composition of its board of directors, affiliated transactions and any compensation arrangements.

        In addition, on April 15, 2014, AIV Holdings filed a Form 15 with the SEC to terminate AIV Holdings' registration under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act. After these SEC filings and any other federal or state regulatory or tax filings were made, AIV Holdings proceeded to dissolve under Delaware law by filing a certificate of dissolution in Delaware on April 25, 2014.

        Until May 8, 2014, as a BDC, NMF Holdings had been subject to the 1940 Act, including certain provisions applicable only to BDCs. Accordingly, and after careful consideration of the 1940 Act requirements applicable to BDCs, the cost of 1940 Act compliance and a thorough assessment of NMF Holdings' current business model, NMF Holdings' board of directors determined at an in-person meeting held on March 25, 2014 that continuation as a BDC was not in the best interests of NMF Holdings.

        At the 2014 joint annual meeting of the stockholders of NMFC and the sole unit holder of NMF Holdings held on May 6, 2014, the stockholders of NMFC and the sole unit holder of NMF Holdings approved a proposal which authorized the board of directors of NMF Holdings to withdraw NMF Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC. Additionally, the stockholders of NMFC approved a new investment advisory and management agreement between NMFC and the Investment Adviser. Upon receipt of the necessary stockholder/unit holder approval to authorize the board of directors of NMF Holdings to withdraw NMF Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC, the withdrawal was filed and became effective upon receipt by the SEC of NMF Holdings' notification of withdrawal on Form N-54C on May 8, 2014.

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        Effective May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings amended and restated its Operating Agreement such that the board of directors of NMF Holdings was dissolved and NMF Holdings remained a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMFC with the sole purpose of serving as a special purpose vehicle for NMF Holdings' credit facility, and NMFC assumed all other operating activities previously undertaken by NMF Holdings under the management of the Investment Adviser (collectively, the "Restructuring"). After the Restructuring, all wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries of NMFC are consolidated with NMFC for both 1940 Act and financial statement reporting purposes, subject to any financial statement adjustments required in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). NMFC continues to remain a BDC under the 1940 Act.

        Also, on May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings filed Form 15 with the SEC to terminate NMF Holdings' registration under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act. As a special purpose entity, NMF Holdings is bankruptcy-remote and non-recourse to NMFC. In addition, the assets held at NMF Holdings will continue to be used to secure NMF Holdings' credit facility.

Current Organization

        During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company established wholly-owned subsidiaries, NMF Ancora Holdings Inc. ("NMF Ancora") and NMF YP Holdings Inc. ("NMF YP"), which are structured as Delaware entities that serve as tax blocker corporations which hold equity or equity-like investments in portfolio companies organized as limited liability companies (or other forms of pass-through entities). Tax blocker corporations are not consolidated for income tax purposes and may incur income tax expense as a result of their ownership of portfolio companies. Additionally, the Company has a wholly-owned subsidiary, New Mountain Finance Servicing, L.L.C. ("NMF Servicing") that serves as the administrative agent on certain investment transactions. New Mountain Finance SBIC, L.P. ("SBIC LP"), and its general partner, New Mountain Finance SBIC G.P., L.L.C. ("SBIC GP"), were organized in Delaware as a limited partnership and limited liability company, respectively. SBIC LP and SBIC GP are consolidated wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company. SBIC LP received a license from the U.S. Small Business Association (the "SBA") to operate as a small business investment company ("SBIC") under Section 301(c) of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended (the "1958 Act").

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        The diagram below depicts the Company's organizational structure as of December 31, 2014.

GRAPHIC


*
Includes partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P.

**
NMFC is the sole limited partner of SBIC LP. NMFC, directly or indirectly through SBIC GP, wholly-owns SBIC LP. NMFC owns 100.0% of SBIC GP which owns 1.0% of SBIC LP. NMFC owns 99.0% of SBIC LP.

New Mountain Finance Advisers BDC, L.L.C.

        The Investment Adviser manages the Company's day-to-day operations and provides it with investment advisory and management services. In particular, the Investment Adviser is responsible for identifying attractive investment opportunities, conducting research and due diligence on prospective investments, structuring the Company's investments and monitoring and servicing the Company's investments. The Investment Adviser is managed by a five member investment committee, which is responsible for approving purchases and sales of the Company's investments above $10.0 million in aggregate by issuer. For additional information on the investment committee, see "Investment Committee" section.

New Mountain Finance Administration, L.L.C.

        The Administrator provides the administrative services necessary to conduct our day-to-day operations. The Administrator also performs, or oversees the performance of, our financial records, our reports to stockholders and reports filed with the SEC. The Administrator performs the calculation and publication of our net asset values, the payment of our expenses and oversees the performance of various third-party service providers and the preparation and filing of our tax returns. The Administrator may also provide, on the Company's behalf, managerial assistance to its portfolio companies.

Competition

        The Company competes for investments with a number of BDCs and investment funds (including private equity and hedge funds), as well as traditional financial services companies such as commercial

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banks and other sources of financing. Many of these entities have greater financial and managerial resources than we do. We believe the Company is able to be competitive with these entities primarily on the basis of the experience and contacts of its management team, the Company's responsive and efficient investment analysis and decision-making processes, the investment terms the Company offers, the leveraged model that the Company employs to perform its due diligence with the broader New Mountain Capital team and the Company's model of investing in companies and industries it knows well.

        We believe that some of the Company's competitors may make investments with interest rates and returns that are comparable to or lower than the rates and returns that the Company targets. Therefore, the Company does not seek to compete solely on the interest rates and returns that it offers to potential portfolio companies. For additional information concerning the competitive risks we face, see Item 1A.—Risk Factors.

Investment Objectives and Portfolio

        The Company's investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation through the sourcing and origination of debt securities at all levels of the capital structure, including first and second lien debt, notes, bonds and mezzanine securities. In some cases, the Company's investments may also include equity interests such as preferred stock, common stock, warrants or options received in connection with the Company's debt investments or may include a direct investment in the equity of private companies.

        The Company makes investments through both primary originations and open-market secondary purchases. The Company primarily targets loans to, and invests in, U.S. middle market businesses, a market segment we believe continues to be underserved by other lenders. We define middle market businesses as those businesses with annual earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization ("EBITDA") between $20.0 million and $200.0 million. The primary focus is in the debt of defensive growth companies, which are defined as generally exhibiting the following characteristics: (i) sustainable secular growth drivers, (ii) high barriers to competitive entry, (iii) high free cash flow after capital expenditure and working capital needs, (iv) high returns on assets and (v) niche market dominance. Similar to the Company, SBIC LP's investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation under the investment criteria used by the Company, however, SBIC LP's investments must be SBA eligible companies. The Company's portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of industries. As of December 31, 2014, the Company's top five industry concentrations were software, business services, education, federal services and healthcare services. The Company's targeted investments typically have maturities of between five and ten years and generally range in size between $10.0 million and $50.0 million. This investment size may vary proportionately as the size of the Company's capital base changes. At December 31, 2014, the Company's portfolio consisted of 71 portfolio companies and was invested 47.6% in first lien loans, 42.4% in second lien loans, 4.3% in subordinated debt and 5.7% in equity and other, as measured at fair value versus the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio which consisted of 59 portfolio companies invested 49.6% in first lien loans, 42.0% in second lien loans, 2.4% in subordinated debt and 6.0% in equity and other at December 31, 2013.

        The fair value of the Company's investments was approximately $1,424.7 million in 71 portfolio companies at December 31, 2014. At December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company's only investment was its investment in the Predecessor Operating Company. The fair value of the Predecessor Operating Company's investments was approximately $1,115.7 million in 59 portfolio companies at December 31, 2013 and $989.8 million in 63 portfolio companies at December 31, 2012.

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        The following table shows the Company's portfolio and investment activity for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio and investment activity for the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in millions)
  2014(1)   2013   2012  

New investments in 43, 34 and 45 portfolio companies, respectively

  $ 720.9   $ 529.3   $ 673.2  

Debt repayments in existing portfolio companies

    267.5     395.4     299.2  

Sales of securities in 14, 12 and 22 portfolio companies, respectively

    117.0     31.2     124.7  

Change in unrealized appreciation on 20, 45 and 48 portfolio companies, respectively

    21.2     27.9     27.0  

Change in unrealized depreciation on 60, 29 and 30 portfolio companies, respectively

    (63.9 )   (19.9 )   (17.1 )

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2014, amounts represent the investment activity of the Predecessor Operating Company through and including May 7, 2014 and the investment activity of the Company from May 8, 2014 through December 31, 2014.

        At December 31, 2014, the Company's weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost was approximately 10.7%. At December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company's weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost and weighted average Yield to Maturity was approximately 11.0% and 10.6%, respectively. The Yield to Maturity at Cost ("Yield to Maturity at Cost") calculation assumes that all investments, including secured collateralized agreements, not on non-accrual are purchased at the adjusted cost on the quarter end date and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. Adjusted cost reflects the GAAP cost for post-IPO investments and a stepped up cost basis of pre-IPO investments (assuming a step-up to fair market value occurred on the IPO date). This calculation excludes the impact of existing leverage. Yield to Maturity at Cost uses the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") curves at each quarter's end date. The actual yield to maturity may be higher or lower due to the future selection of the LIBOR contracts by the individual companies in the Company's portfolio or other factors. The Yield to Maturity calculation used in prior years for the Predecessor Operating Company assumed that all investments not on non-accrual were purchased at fair value on December 31, 2013 and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity.

        The following summarizes the Company's ten largest portfolio company investments and top ten industries in which the Company was invested as of December 31, 2014, calculated as a percentage of total assets as of December 31, 2014.

Portfolio Company
  Percent of Total Assets  

Global Knowledge Training LLC

    3.4 %

Ascend Learning, LLC

    2.9 %

TIBCO Software Inc. 

    2.9 %

Tenawa Resource Holdings LLC

    2.8 %

Deltek, Inc. 

    2.7 %

Kronos Incorporated

    2.5 %

McGraw-Hill Global Education Holdings, LLC

    2.4 %

Tolt Solutions, Inc. 

    2.4 %

Crowley Holdings Preferred, LLC

    2.4 %

Acrisure, LLC

    2.3 %

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Industry
  Percent of Total Assets  

Software

    19.0 %

Business Services

    17.2 %

Education

    16.6 %

Federal Services

    8.2 %

Healthcare Services

    7.6 %

Distribution & Logistics

    6.4 %

Energy

    5.5 %

Media

    4.0 %

Consumer Services

    3.5 %

Business Products

    1.7 %

Investment Criteria

        The Investment Adviser has identified the following investment criteria and guidelines for use in evaluating prospective portfolio companies. However, not all of these criteria and guidelines were, or will be, met in connection with each of the Company's investments.

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Investment Selection and Process

        The Investment Adviser believes it has developed a proven, consistent and replicable investment process to execute the Company's investment strategy. The Investment Adviser seeks to identify the most attractive investment sectors from the top down and then works to become the most advantaged investor in these sectors. The steps in the Investment Adviser's process include:

Investment Committee

        The Investment Adviser's investment committee (the "Investment Committee") currently consists of Steven B. Klinsky, Robert A. Hamwee, Adam B. Weinstein, Michael B. Ajouz and John R. Kline. In addition, the executive officers and certain investment professionals are invited to all Investment Committee meetings. The Investment Committee is responsible for approving all of the Company's investment purchases above $10.0 million. The Investment Committee also approves all asset dispositions above $10.0 million. Purchases and dispositions below $10.0 million may be approved by the Company's Chief Executive Officer. These approval thresholds are subject to change over time. We expect to benefit from the extensive and varied relevant experience of the investment professionals serving on the Investment Committee, which includes expertise in private equity, primary and secondary leveraged credit, private mezzanine finance and distressed debt.

        The purpose of the Investment Committee is to evaluate and approve, as deemed appropriate, all investments by the Investment Adviser, subject to certain thresholds. The Investment Committee process is intended to bring the diverse experience and perspectives of the Investment Committee's members to the analysis and consideration of every investment. The Investment Committee also serves to provide investment consistency and adherence to the Investment Adviser's investment philosophies and policies. The Investment Committee also determines appropriate investment sizing.

        In addition to reviewing investments, the Investment Committee meetings serve as a forum to discuss credit views and outlooks. Potential transactions and investment opportunities are also reviewed on a regular basis. Members of the Company's investment team are encouraged to share information and views on credits with the committee early in their analysis. This process improves the quality of the analysis and enables the deal team members to work more efficiently.

Investment Structure

        The Company targets debt investments that will yield meaningful current income and occasionally provide the opportunity for capital appreciation through equity securities. The Company's debt investments are typically structured with the maximum seniority and collateral that the Company can reasonably obtain while seeking to achieve its total return target.

Debt Investments

        The terms of the Company's debt investments are tailored to the facts and circumstances of the transaction and prospective portfolio company and structured to protect its rights and manage its risk while creating incentives for the portfolio company to achieve its business plan. A substantial source of return is the cash interest that the Company collects on its debt investments.

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        In addition, from time to time the Company may also enter into revolving credit facilities, bridge financing commitments, delayed draw commitments or other commitments which can result in providing future financing to a portfolio company.

Equity Investments

        When the Company makes a debt investment, it may be granted equity in the portfolio company in the same class of security as the sponsor receives upon funding. In addition, the Company may from time to time make non-control, equity co-investments in conjunction with private equity sponsors. The Company generally seeks to structure its equity investments, such as direct equity co-investments, to provide it with minority rights provisions and event-driven put rights. The Company also seeks to obtain limited registration rights in connection with these investments, which may include "piggyback" registration rights.

Portfolio Company Monitoring

        The Company monitors the performance and financial trends of its portfolio companies on at least a quarterly basis. The Company attempts to identify any developments within the portfolio company, the industry or the macroeconomic environment that may alter any material element of its original investment strategy. The Company uses several methods of evaluating and monitoring the performance of its investments, including but not limited to, the following:

        The Company uses an investment rating system to characterize and monitor the credit profile and expected level of returns on each investment in the portfolio. The Company uses a four-level numeric rating scale as follows:

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        The following table shows the distribution of the Company's investments on the 1 to 4 investment rating scale at fair value as of December 31, 2014:

 
  As of December 31, 2014  
(in millions)
Investment Rating
  Par Value(1)   Percent   Fair Value   Percent  

Investment Rating 1

  $ 255.7     18.1 % $ 277.4     19.5 %

Investment Rating 2

    1,061.6     75.0 %   1,089.7     76.5 %

Investment Rating 3

    82.9     5.9 %   48.3     3.4 %

Investment Rating 4

    14.2     1.0 %   9.3     0.6 %

  $ 1,414.4     100.0 % $ 1,424.7     100.0 %

(1)
Excludes shares and warrants.

Exit Strategies/Refinancing

        The Company exits its investments typically through one of four scenarios: (i) the sale of the portfolio company itself resulting in repayment of all outstanding debt, (ii) the recapitalization of the portfolio company in which the Company's loan is replaced with debt or equity from a third party or parties (in some cases, the Company may choose to participate in the newly issued loan(s)), (iii) the repayment of the initial or remaining principal amount of the Company's loan then outstanding at maturity or (iv) the sale of the debt investment by the Company. In some investments, there may be scheduled amortization of some portion of the Company's loan which would result in a partial exit of its investment prior to the maturity of the loan.

Valuation

        At all times consistent with GAAP and the 1940 Act, the Company conducts a valuation of assets, which impacts its net asset value.

        The Company values its assets on a quarterly basis, or more frequently if required under the 1940 Act. In all cases, the Company's board of directors is ultimately and solely responsible for determining the fair value of its portfolio investments on a quarterly basis in good faith, including investments that are not publicly traded, those whose market prices are not readily available and any other situation where its portfolio investments require a fair value determination. Security transactions are accounted for on a trade date basis. The Company's quarterly valuation procedures are set forth in more detail below:

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        For investments in revolving credit facilities and delayed draw commitments, the cost basis of the funded investments purchased is offset by any costs/netbacks received for any unfunded portion on the total balance committed. The fair value is also adjusted for the price appreciation or depreciation on the unfunded portion. As a result, the purchase of commitments not completely funded may result in a negative fair value until it is called and funded.

        The values assigned to investments are based upon available information and do not necessarily represent amounts which might ultimately be realized, since such amounts depend on future circumstances and cannot be reasonably determined until the individual positions are liquidated. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of the Company's investments may fluctuate from period to period and the fluctuations could be material.

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Operating and Regulatory Environment

        As with other companies regulated by the 1940 Act, a BDC must adhere to certain regulatory requirements. The 1940 Act contains prohibitions and restrictions relating to investments by a BDC in another investment company as well as transactions between BDCs and their affiliates, principal underwriters and affiliates of those affiliates or underwriters. A BDC must be organized in the U.S. for the purpose of investing in or lending to primarily private companies and making significant managerial assistance available to them. A BDC may use capital provided by public stockholders and from other sources to make long-term, private investments in businesses. A BDC provides stockholders the ability to retain the liquidity of a publicly traded stock while sharing in the possible benefits, if any, of investing in primarily privately owned companies.

        The Company has a board of directors. A majority of the Company's board of directors must be persons who are not interested persons, as that term is defined in the 1940 Act. As a BDC, we are prohibited from protecting any director or officer against any liability to us or the Company's stockholders arising from willful misfeasance, bad faith, gross negligence or reckless disregard of the duties involved in the conduct of such person's office. Additionally, we are required to provide and maintain a bond issued by a reputable fidelity insurance company to protect the BDC.

        As a BDC, the Company is required to meet a coverage ratio of the value of total assets to total senior securities, which include all of its borrowings, excluding SBA-guaranteed debentures, and any preferred stock we may issue in the future, of at least 200.0% (i.e., the amount of debt may not exceed 50.0% of the value of the Company's total assets or the Company may borrow an amount equal to 100.0% of net assets). The Company monitors its compliance with this coverage ratio on a regular basis.

        The Company may, to the extent permitted under the 1940 Act, issue additional equity capital. The Company is generally not able to issue and sell its common stock at a price below net asset value per share. The Company may, however, sell its common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire its common stock, at a price below the then-current net asset value of its common stock if its board of directors determines that such sale is in the best interests of the Company and the best interests of its stockholders, and its stockholders approve such sale. In addition, the Company may generally issue new shares of its common stock at a price below net asset value in rights offerings to existing stockholders and in certain other limited circumstances.

        As a BDC, the Company is generally not permitted to invest in any portfolio company in which the Investment Adviser or any of its affiliates currently have an investment or to make any co-investments with the Investment Adviser or its affiliates without an exemptive order from the SEC.

        We may not change the nature of our business so as to cease to be, or withdraw our election as, a BDC unless authorized by vote of a majority of the outstanding voting securities, as required by the 1940 Act. A majority of the outstanding voting securities of a company is defined under the 1940 Act as the lesser of: (a) 67.0% or more of such company's voting securities present at a meeting if more than 50.0% of the outstanding voting securities of such company are present or represented by proxy, or (b) more than 50.0% of the outstanding voting securities of such company. We do not anticipate any substantial change in the nature of our business.

        In addition, as a BDC, the Company is not permitted to issue stock in consideration for services.

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Taxation as a Regulated Investment Company

        The Company has elected to be treated, and intends to comply with the requirements to continue to qualify annually, as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code. As a RIC, the Company generally will not pay corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes on any net ordinary income or capital gains that it timely distributes to its stockholders as dividends. Rather, dividends distributed by the Company generally will be taxable to its stockholders, and any net operating losses, foreign tax credits and other tax attributes of the Company generally will not pass through to its stockholders, subject to special rules for certain items such as net capital gains and qualified dividend income recognized by the Company.

        To qualify as a RIC, the Company must, among other things, meet certain source-of-income and asset diversification requirements. In addition, to qualify as a RIC, the Company must distribute to its stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90.0% of its "investment company taxable income", which is generally its net ordinary income plus the excess of realized net short-term capital gains over realized net long-term capital losses (the "Annual Distribution Requirement").

        The Company will be subject to a 4.0% nondeductible federal excise tax on certain undistributed income unless it distributes in a timely manner an amount at least equal to the sum of (1) 98.0% of its respective net ordinary income for each calendar year, (2) 98.2% of its respective capital gain net income for the one-year period ending October 31 in that calendar year and (3) any income recognized, but not distributed, in preceding years (the "Excise Tax Avoidance Requirement"). While the Company intends to make distributions to its stockholders in each taxable year that will be sufficient to avoid any federal excise tax on its earnings, there can be no assurance that the Company will be successful in entirely avoiding this tax.

        In order to qualify as RICs for U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Company must, among other things:

        A RIC is limited in its ability to deduct expenses in excess of its "investment company taxable income" (which is, generally, net ordinary income plus the excess of realized net short-term capital gains over realized net long-term capital losses). If the Company's expenses in a given year exceed its investment company taxable income, the Company would experience a net operating loss for that year. However, a RIC is not permitted to carry forward net operating losses to subsequent years and such net operating losses do not pass through to its stockholders. In addition, expenses can be used only to

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offset investment company taxable income, not net capital gain. A RIC may not use any net capital losses (that is, realized capital losses in excess of realized capital gains) to offset the RIC's investment company taxable income, but may carry forward such losses, and use them to offset capital gains, indefinitely. Due to these limits on the deductibility of expenses and net capital losses, the Company may for tax purposes have aggregate taxable income for several years that it is required to distribute and that is taxable to its stockholders even if such income is greater than the aggregate net income the Company actually earned during those years.

Failure to Qualify as a Regulated Investment Company

        If the Company fails to satisfy the 90.0% Income Test or the Diversification Tests for any taxable year or quarter of such taxable year, it may nevertheless continue to qualify as a RIC for such year if certain relief provisions of the Code apply (which may, among other things, require it to pay certain corporate-level U.S. federal income taxes or to dispose of certain assets). If the Company fails to qualify for treatment as a RIC and such relief provisions do not apply, the Company will be subject to U.S. federal income tax on all of its taxable income at regular corporate rates (and also will be subject to any applicable state and local taxes), regardless of whether the Company makes any distributions to its stockholders. Distributions would not be required. However, if distributions were made, any such distributions would be taxable to its stockholders as ordinary dividend income and, subject to certain limitations under the Code, any such distributions would be eligible for the 20.0% maximum rate applicable to non-corporate taxpayers to the extent of the Company's current or accumulated earnings and profits. Subject to certain limitations under the Code, corporate distributees would be eligible for the dividends-received deduction. Distributions in excess of the Company's current and accumulated earnings and profits would be treated first as a return of capital to the extent of the stockholder's tax basis, and any remaining distributions would be treated as a capital gain.

        Subject to a limited exception applicable to RICs that qualified as such under Subchapter M of the Code for at least one year prior to disqualification and that requalify as a RIC no later than the second year following the non-qualifying year, the Company could be subject to tax on any unrealized net built-in gains in the assets held by the Company during the period in which it failed to qualify as a RIC that are recognized during the ten-year period (or five-year period for taxable years beginning during 2013) after its requalification as a RIC, unless the Company made a special election to pay corporate-level U.S. federal income tax on such built-in gain at the time of the Company's requalification as a RIC. The Company may decide to be taxed as a regular corporation even if it would otherwise qualify as a RIC if the Company determines that treatment as a corporation for a particular year would be in its best interests.

SBA Regulation

        On August 1, 2014, the Company's wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiary, SBIC LP received a license from the SBA to operate as a SBIC under Section 301(c) of the 1958 Act. SBIC LP has an investment strategy and philosophy substantially similar to the Company and makes similar types of investments in accordance with SBA regulations.

        A license allows SBIC LP to incur leverage by issuing SBA-guaranteed debentures, subject to the issuance of a capital commitment and certain approvals by the SBA and customary procedures. SBA-guaranteed debentures carry long-term fixed rates that are generally lower than rates on comparable bank and other debt. Under the regulations applicable to SBICs, a standard debenture licensed SBIC is eligible for two tiers of leverage capped at $150.0 million, where each tier is equivalent to the SBIC's regulatory capital, which generally equates to the amount of equity capital in the SBIC. Debentures guaranteed by the SBA have a maturity of ten years, require semi-annual payments of interest and do not require any principal payments prior to maturity. As of December 31, 2014, SBIC LP had $37.5 million of outstanding SBA-guaranteed debentures. SBIC LP is subject to

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regulation and oversight by the SBA, including requirements with respect to reporting financial information, such as the extent of capital impairment if applicable, on a regular basis and annual examinations conducted by the SBIC. The SBA, as a creditor, will have a superior claim to SBIC LP's assets over the Company's stockholders in the event SBIC LP is liquidated or the SBA exercises its remedies under the SBA-guaranteed debentures issued by SBIC LP upon an event of default.

        On November 5, 2014, the Company received exemptive relief from the SEC to permit the Company to exclude the SBA-guaranteed debentures of SBIC LP from the Company's 200.0% asset coverage test under the 1940 Act. As such, the Company's ratio of total consolidated assets to outstanding indebtedness may be less than 200.0%. This provides the Company with increased investment flexibility but also increases the Company's risks related to leverage.

        SBICs are designed to stimulate the flow of private investor capital to eligible small businesses as defined by the SBA. Under SBA regulations, SBICs may make loans to eligible small businesses, invest in the equity securities of such businesses and provide them with consulting and advisory services. Under present SBA regulations, eligible small businesses generally include businesses that (together with their affiliates) have a tangible net worth not exceeding $19.5 million for the most recent fiscal year and have average annual net income after U.S. federal income taxes not exceeding $6.5 million (average net income to be computed without benefit of any carryover loss) for the two most recent fiscal years. In addition, an SBIC must invest 25.0% of its investment capital to "smaller business", as defined by the SBA. The definition of a smaller business generally includes businesses that have a tangible net worth not exceeding $6.0 million for the most recent fiscal year and have average annual net income after U.S. federal income taxes not exceeding $2.0 million (average net income to be computed without benefit of any net carryover loss) for the two most recent fiscal years. SBA regulations also provide alternative size standard criteria to determine eligibility for designation as an eligible small business or smaller concern, which criteria depend on the primary industry in which the business is engaged and is based on such factors as the number of employees and gross revenue. However, once an SBIC has invested in an eligible small business, it may continue to make follow on investments in the company, regardless of the size of the company at the time of the follow on investment.

        The SBA prohibits an SBIC from providing funds to small businesses with certain characteristics, such as businesses with the majority of their employees located outside the U.S., or from investing in project finance, real estate, farmland, financial intermediaries or "passive" (i.e. non-operating) businesses. Without prior SBA approval, an SBIC may not invest an amount equal to more than approximately 30.0% of the SBIC's regulatory capital in any one company and its affiliates.

        The SBA places certain limitations on the financing terms of investments by SBICs in portfolio companies (such as limiting the permissible interest rate on debt securities held by an SBIC in a portfolio company). An SBIC may exercise control over a small business for a period of up to seven years from the date on which the SBIC initially acquires its control position. This control period may be extended for an additional period of time with the SBA's prior written approval.

        The SBA restricts the ability of an SBIC to lend money to any of its officers, directors and employees or to invest in associates thereof. The SBA also prohibits, without prior SBA approval, a "change of control" of an SBIC or transfers that would result in any person (or a group of persons acting in concert) owning 10.0% or more of a class of capital stock of a licensed SBIC. A "change of control" is any event which would result in the transfer of the power, direct or indirect, to direct the management and policies of a SBIC, whether through ownership, contractual arrangements or otherwise.

        The SBA regulations require, among other things, an annual periodic examination of a licensed SBIC by an SBA examiner to determine the SBIC's compliance with the relevant SBA regulations, and the performance of a financial audit by an independent auditor.

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Investment Management Agreement

        The Company is a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. The Company is externally managed by the Investment Adviser and pays the Investment Adviser a fee for its services. The following summarizes the arrangements between the Company and the Investment Adviser pursuant to an investment advisory and management agreement (the "Investment Management Agreement").

Management Services

        The Investment Adviser is registered as an Investment Adviser under the Advisers Act. The Investment Adviser serves pursuant to the Investment Management Agreement in accordance with the 1940 Act. Subject to the overall supervision of the Company's board of directors, the Investment Adviser manages the Company's day-to-day operations and provides it with investment advisory and management services. Under the terms of the Investment Management Agreement, the Investment Adviser:

        The Investment Adviser's services under the Investment Management Agreement are not exclusive, and the Investment Adviser (so long as its services to the Company are not impaired) and/or other entities affiliated with New Mountain Capital are permitted to furnish similar services to other entities.

Management Fees

        Pursuant to the Investment Management Agreement, the Company has agreed to pay the Investment Adviser a fee for investment advisory and management services consisting of two components—a base management fee and an incentive fee. The cost of both the base management fee payable to the Investment Adviser and any incentive fees paid in cash to the Investment Adviser are borne by the Company and, as a result, are indirectly borne by NMFC's common stockholders.

Base Management Fees

        The base management fee is calculated at an annual rate of 1.75% of the Company's gross assets less (i) the borrowings under the Company's senior loan fund's Loan and Security Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, dated October 27, 2010, as amended, (the "SLF Credit Facility") and (ii) cash and cash equivalents. The base management fee is payable quarterly in arrears, and is calculated based on the average value of the Company's gross assets, borrowings under the SLF Credit Facility, and cash and cash equivalents at the end of each of the two most recently completed calendar quarters, and appropriately adjusted on a pro rata basis for any equity capital raises or repurchases during the current calendar quarter. The Company has not invested, and currently is not

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invested, in derivatives. To the extent the Company invests in derivatives in the future, the Company will use the actual value of the derivatives, as reported on its Consolidated Statements of Assets and Liabilities, for purposes of calculating its base management fee.

        Since IPO, the base management fee calculation has deducted the borrowings under the SLF Credit Facility. The SLF Credit Facility has historically consisted of primarily lower yielding assets at higher advance rates. As part of an amendment to the Company's existing credit facilities with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, the SLF Credit Facility merged with NMF Holdings' Loan and Security Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, dated May 19, 2011, as amended and restated, (the "Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility") and into the Second Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the "Holdings Credit Facility") on December 18, 2014. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 7, Borrowings for additional information on the Company's credit facilities. Post credit facility merger and to be consistent with the methodology since IPO, the Investment Advisor will waive management fees on the leverage associated with those assets that share the same underlying yield characteristics with investments leveraged under the legacy SLF Credit Facility. The Investment Advisor cannot recoup management fees that the Investment Advisor has previously waived. For the year ended December 31, 2014, total management fees waived were approximately $0.7 million.

Incentive Fees

        The incentive fee consists of two parts. The first part is calculated and payable quarterly in arrears and equals 20.0% of the Company's "Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income" for the immediately preceding quarter, subject to a "preferred return", or "hurdle", and a "catch-up" feature. "Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income" means interest income, dividend income and any other income (including any other fees (other than fees for providing managerial assistance), such as commitment, origination, structuring, diligence and consulting fees or other fees that the Company receives from portfolio companies) accrued during the calendar quarter, minus the Company's operating expenses for the quarter (including the base management fee, expenses payable under an administration agreement, as amended and restated (the "Administration Agreement"), with the Administrator, and any interest expense and distributions paid on any issued and outstanding preferred stock (of which there are none as of December 31, 2014), but excluding the incentive fee). Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income includes, in the case of investments with a deferred interest feature (such as original issue discount, debt instruments with PIK interest and zero coupon securities), accrued income that the Company has not yet received in cash. Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income does not include any realized capital gains, realized capital losses or unrealized capital appreciation or depreciation.

        Under GAAP, NMFC's IPO did not step-up the cost basis of the Predecessor Operating Company's existing investments to fair market value at the IPO date. Since the total value of the Predecessor Operating Company's investments at the time of the IPO was greater than the investments' cost basis, a larger amount of amortization of purchase or original issue discount, as well as different amounts in realized gain and unrealized appreciation, may be recognized under GAAP in each period than if the step-up had occurred. This will remain until such predecessor investments are sold, repaid or mature in the future. The Company tracks the transferred (or fair market) value of each of its investments as of the time of the IPO and, for purposes of the incentive fee calculation, adjusts Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income to reflect the amortization of purchase or original issue discount on the Company's investments as if each investment was purchased at the date of the IPO, or stepped up to fair market value. This is defined as "Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income". The Company also uses the transferred (or fair market) value of each of its investments as of the time of the IPO to adjust capital gains ("Adjusted Realized Capital Gains") or losses ("Adjusted

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Realized Capital Losses") and unrealized capital appreciation ("Adjusted Unrealized Capital Appreciation") and unrealized capital depreciation ("Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation").

        Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income, expressed as a rate of return on the value of the Company's net assets at the end of the immediately preceding calendar quarter, will be compared to a "hurdle rate" of 2.0% per quarter (8.0% annualized), subject to a "catch-up" provision measured as of the end of each calendar quarter. The hurdle rate is appropriately pro-rated for any partial periods. The calculation of the Company's incentive fee with respect to the Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income for each quarter is as follows:

        The second part will be determined and payable in arrears as of the end of each calendar year (or upon termination of the Investment Management Agreement) and will equal 20.0% of the Company's Adjusted Realized Capital Gains, if any, on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each calendar year, computed net of all Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on a cumulative basis, less the aggregate amount of any previously paid capital gain incentive fee.

        In accordance with GAAP, the Company accrues a hypothetical capital gains incentive fee based upon the cumulative net Adjusted Realized Capital Gains and Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and the cumulative net Adjusted Unrealized Capital Appreciation and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on investments held at the end of each period. Actual amounts paid to the Investment Adviser are consistent with the Investment Management Agreement and are based only on actual Adjusted Realized Capital Gains computed net of all Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each calendar year as if the entire portfolio was sold at fair value.

Example 1: Income Related Portion of Incentive Fee for Each Calendar Quarter*:

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        Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income does not exceed the hurdle rate, therefore there is no income related incentive fee.

        Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income exceeds the hurdle rate, but does not fully satisfy the "catch-up" provision, therefore the income related portion of the incentive fee is 0.26%.

        Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income exceeds the hurdle rate, and fully satisfies the "catch-up" provision, therefore the income related portion of the incentive fee is 0.57%.


*
The hypothetical amount of pre-incentive fee net investment income shown is based on a percentage of total net assets and assumes, for the Company's investments held prior to the IPO,

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(1)
Represents 8.00% annualized hurdle rate.

(2)
Assumes 1.75% annualized base management fee.

(3)
Excludes organizational and offering expenses.

(4)
The "catch-up" provision is intended to provide the Investment Adviser with an incentive fee of 20.00% on all Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income as if a hurdle rate did not apply when the Company's net investment income exceeds 2.50% in any calendar quarter.

Example 2: Capital Gains Portion of Incentive Fee*:

        The capital gains portion of the incentive fee would be:

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        The capital gains incentive fee, if any, would be:

*
The hypothetical amounts of returns shown are based on a percentage of the Company's total net assets and assume no leverage. There is no guarantee that positive returns will be realized and actual returns may vary from those shown in this example. The capital gains incentive fees are calculated on an "adjusted" basis for the Company's investments held prior to the IPO and assumes those investments have been adjusted to reflect the amortization of purchase or original issue discount as if each investment was purchased at the date of the IPO, or stepped up to fair market value.

(1)
As noted above, it is possible that the cumulative aggregate capital gains fee received by the Investment Adviser ($7.0 million) is effectively greater than $5.0 million (20.0% of cumulative aggregate realized capital gains less net realized capital losses or net unrealized depreciation ($25.0 million)).

Payment of Expenses

        The Company's primary operating expenses are the payment of a base management fee and any incentive fees under the Investment Management Agreement and the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations to the Company under the Administration Agreement. The Company bears all other expenses of its operations and transactions, including (without limitation) fees and expenses relating to:

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Qualifying Assets

        Under the 1940 Act, a BDC may not acquire any asset other than assets of the type listed in Section 55(a) of the 1940 Act, which are referred to as qualifying assets, unless, at the time the acquisition is made, qualifying assets represent at least 70.0% of the BDC's total assets. The principal categories of qualifying assets relevant to our business are any of the following:

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        In addition, a BDC must have been organized and have its principal place of business in the U.S. and must be operated for the purpose of making investments in the types of securities described in (1), (2) or (3) above.

        As of December 31, 2014, 9.4% of the Company's total assets were not qualifying assets.

Managerial Assistance to Portfolio Companies

        BDCs generally must offer to make available to the issuer of the securities significant managerial assistance, except in circumstances where either (i) the BDC controls such issuer of securities or (ii) the BDC purchases such securities in conjunction with one or more other persons acting together and one of the other persons in the group makes available such managerial assistance. Making available managerial assistance means, among other things, any arrangement whereby the BDC offers to provide, and, if accepted, does so provide, significant guidance and counsel concerning the management, operations or business objectives and policies of a portfolio company. The Administrator or its affiliate provides such managerial assistance on the Company's behalf to portfolio companies that request this assistance.

Temporary Investments

        Pending investments in other types of qualifying assets, the Company's investments may consist of cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities or high-quality debt securities maturing in one year or less from the time of investment (collectively, as "temporary investments"), so that 70.0% of the Company's assets are qualifying assets. Typically, the Company will invest in U.S. Treasury bills or in repurchase agreements, provided that such agreements are fully collateralized by cash or securities issued by the U.S. government or its agencies. A repurchase agreement involves the purchase by an investor, such as the Company, of a specified security and the simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase it at an agreed-upon future date and at a price that is greater than the purchase price by an amount that reflects an agreed-upon interest rate. There is no percentage restriction on the proportion of the Company's assets that may be invested in such repurchase agreements. However, if more than

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25.0% of the Company's total assets constitute repurchase agreements from a single counterparty, the Company would not meet the Diversification Tests in order to qualify as a RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes. Thus, the Company does not intend to enter into repurchase agreements with a single counterparty in excess of this limit. The Investment Adviser will monitor the creditworthiness of the counterparties with which the Company enters into repurchase agreement transactions.

Senior Securities

        The Company is permitted, under specified conditions, to issue multiple classes of debt if the Company's asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, is at least equal to 200.0% immediately after each such issuance. In addition, while any senior securities remain outstanding (other than any indebtedness issued in consideration of a privately arranged loan, such as any indebtedness outstanding under the Holdings Credit Facility, or the Senior Secured Revolving Credit Agreement with Goldman Sachs Bank USA and Morgan Stanley, N.A., dated June 4, 2014, as amended (together with the related guarantee and security agreement) (the "NMFC Credit Facility") or the convertible notes issued on June 3, 2014 under an indenture between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association (the "Convertible Notes")), the Company must make provisions to prohibit any distribution to its stockholders or the repurchase of its equity securities unless the Company meets the applicable asset coverage ratios at the time of the distribution or repurchase. The Company may also borrow amounts up to 5.0% of the value of its total assets for temporary or emergency purposes without regard to its asset coverage. The Company will include the assets and liabilities of NMFC and all of its wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries for purposes of calculating the asset coverage ratio. The Company received exemptive relief from the SEC on November 5, 2014, allowing the Company to modify the asset coverage requirement to exclude SBA-guaranteed debentures from this calculation. For a discussion of the risks associated with leverage, see Item 1A.—Risk Factors.

Code of Ethics

        The Company has adopted a code of ethics pursuant to Rule 17j-1 under the 1940 Act that establishes procedures for personal investments and restricts certain personal securities transactions. Personnel subject to the code may invest in securities for their personal investment accounts, including securities that may be purchased or held by the Company so long as such investments are made in accordance with the code's requirements. You may read and copy the code of ethics at the SEC's Public Reference Room located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330, and copies of the code of ethics may be obtained, after paying a duplication fee, by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo@sec.gov. In addition, the code of ethics is available on the SEC's Internet site at http://www.sec.gov.

Compliance Policies and Procedures

        The Company and the Investment Adviser have adopted and implemented written policies and procedures reasonably designed to prevent violation of the federal securities laws and the Company is required to review these compliance policies and procedures annually for their adequacy and the effectiveness of their implementation. The Company's chief compliance officer is responsible for administering these policies and procedures.

Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures

        The Company has delegated its proxy voting responsibility to the Investment Adviser. The proxy voting policies and procedures of the Investment Adviser are set forth below. The guidelines will be reviewed periodically by the Investment Adviser and the Company's non-interested directors, and, accordingly, are subject to change.

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Introduction

        As an investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act, the Investment Adviser has a fiduciary duty to act solely in the best interests of its clients. As part of this duty, it recognizes that it must vote the Company's securities in a timely manner free of conflicts of interest and in the best interests of the Company.

        The policies and procedures for voting proxies for the investment advisory clients of the Investment Adviser are intended to comply with Section 206 of, and Rule 206(4)-6 under, the Advisers Act.

Proxy policies

        The Investment Adviser will vote proxies relating to the Company's securities in the best interest of the Company. It will review on a case-by-case basis each proposal submitted for a stockholder vote to determine its impact on the portfolio securities held by the Company. Although the Investment Adviser will generally vote against proposals that may have a negative impact on its clients' portfolio securities, it may vote for such a proposal if there exists compelling long-term reasons to do so.

        The proxy voting decisions of the Investment Adviser are made by the senior officers who are responsible for monitoring each of its clients' investments. To ensure that its vote is not the product of a conflict of interest, it will require that: (a) anyone involved in the decision making process disclose to its chief compliance officer any potential conflict that he or she is aware of and any contact that he or she has had with any interested party regarding a proxy vote; and (b) employees involved in the decision making process or vote administration are prohibited from revealing how the Investment Adviser intends to vote on a proposal in order to reduce any attempted influence from interested parties.

Proxy voting records

        You may obtain, without charge, information regarding how the Company voted proxies with respect to the Company's portfolio securities by making a written request for proxy voting information to: Chief Compliance Officer, 787 Seventh Avenue, 48th Floor, New York, New York 10019.

Staffing

        The Company does not have any employees. Day-to-day investment operations that are conducted by the Company are managed by the Investment Adviser. See "Investment Management Agreement". The Company reimburses the Administrator for the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by it in performing its obligations to the Company under the Administration Agreement, including the compensation of the Company's chief financial officer and chief compliance officer, and their respective staffs. For a more detailed discussion of the Administration Agreement, see Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 5, Agreements.

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

        The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 imposes a variety of regulatory requirements on publicly-held companies and their insiders. Many of these requirements affect the Company. For example:

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        The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires the Company to review its current policies and procedures to determine whether they comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the regulations promulgated thereunder. The Company intends to monitor its compliance with all regulations that are adopted under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and will take actions necessary to ensure that it is in compliance therewith.

Available Information

        We file with or submit to the SEC annual, quarterly and current periodic reports, proxy statements and other information as required by the 1940 Act. You may inspect and copy any materials we file with the SEC at the Public Reference Room of the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549 or by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information filed electronically by us with the SEC at http://www.sec.gov.

        We make available free of charge on our website, http://www.newmountainfinance.com, our reports, proxies and information statements and other information as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such materials with, or furnish to, the SEC. Information contained on our website or on the SEC's website about us is not incorporated into this annual report and should not be considered to be a part of this annual report.

Privacy Notice

        Your privacy is very important to us. This Privacy Notice sets forth our policies with respect to non-public personal information about our stockholders and prospective and former stockholders. These policies apply to stockholders of the Company and may be changed at any time, provided a notice of such change is given to you. This notice supersedes any other privacy notice you may have received from us.

        We will safeguard, according to strict standards of security and confidentiality, all information we receive about you. The only information we collect from you is your name, address, number of shares you hold and your social security number. This information is used only so that we can send you annual reports and other information about us, and send you proxy statements or other information required by law.

        We do not share this information with any non-affiliated third party except as described below.

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        We seek to carefully safeguard your private information and, to that end, restrict access to non-public personal information about you to those employees and other persons who need to know the information to enable us to provide services to you. We maintain physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect your non-public personal information.

        If you have any questions regarding this policy or the treatment of your non-public personal information, please contact our Chief Compliance Officer at (212) 655-0024.

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Item 1A.    Risk Factors

        You should carefully consider the significant risks described below, together with all of the other information included in this Form 10-K, including our consolidated financial statements and the related notes, before making an investment decision in the Company. The risks set forth below are not the only risks that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may materially affect our business, our structure, our financial condition, our investments and/or operating results. If any of the following events occur, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. In such case, our net asset value and the trading price of NMFC's common stock could decline. There can be no assurance that we will achieve our investment objective and you may lose all or part of your investment.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR BUSINESS AND STRUCTURE

Uncertainty about the financial stability of the United States (U.S.) and of several countries in the European Union (EU) could have a significant adverse effect on the Company's business, results of operations and financial condition, thus affecting the Company's financial condition and earnings.

        Due to federal budget deficit concerns, S&P downgraded the federal government's credit rating from AAA to AA+ for the first time in history on August 5, 2011. Further, Moody's and Fitch have warned that they may downgrade the federal government's credit rating. Further downgrades or warnings by S&P or other rating agencies, and the government's credit and deficit concerns in general, could cause interest rates and borrowing costs to rise, which may negatively impact both the perception of credit risk associated with the Company's debt portfolio and the Company's ability to access the debt markets on favorable terms. In addition, a decreased credit rating could create broader financial turmoil and uncertainty, which may weigh heavily on the Company's financial performance and the value of NMFC's common stock.

        In 2010, a financial crisis emerged in Europe, triggered by high budget deficits and rising direct and contingent sovereign debt in Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain, which created concerns about the ability of these nations to continue to service their sovereign debt obligations. Risks and ongoing concerns resulting from the debt crisis in Europe could have a detrimental impact on the global economic recovery, sovereign and non-sovereign debt in these countries and the financial condition of European financial institutions. Market and economic disruptions have affected, and may continue to affect, consumer confidence levels and spending, personal bankruptcy rates, levels of incurrence and default on consumer debt and home prices, among other factors. We cannot assure you that the market disruptions in Europe, including the increased cost of funding for certain governments and financial institutions, will not spread, and we cannot assure you that future assistance packages will be available, or if available, sufficient to stabilize the affected countries and markets in Europe or elsewhere. To the extent uncertainty regarding any economic recovery in Europe continues to negatively impact consumer confidence and consumer credit factors, the Company's business and results of operations could be significantly and adversely affected.

        In October 2014, the U.S. Federal Reserve announced that it has terminated its bond-buying program, or quantitative easing, which was designed to stimulate the economy and expand the Federal Reserve's holdings of long-term securities until key economic indicators, such as the unemployment rate, showed signs of improvement. It is unclear what effect, if any, the Federal Reserve's termination of quantitative easing will have on the value of the Company's investments. However, it is possible that without quantitative easing by the Federal Reserve, these developments, along with the European sovereign debt crisis, could cause interest rates and borrowing costs to rise, which may negatively impact the Company's ability to access the debt markets on favorable terms.

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The Company may suffer credit losses.

        Investments in small and middle market businesses are highly speculative and involve a high degree of risk of credit loss. These risks are likely to increase during volatile economic periods, such as the U.S. and many other economies have recently been experiencing.

The Company does not expect to replicate the Predecessor Entities' historical performance or the historical performance of other entities managed or supported by New Mountain Capital.

        The Company does not expect to replicate the Predecessor Entities' historical performance or the historical performance of New Mountain Capital's investments. The Company's investment returns may be substantially lower than the returns achieved by the Predecessor Entities. Although the Predecessor Entities commenced operations during otherwise unfavorable economic conditions, this was a favorable environment in which the Predecessor Operating Company could conduct its business in light of its investment objectives and strategy. In addition, the Company's investment strategies may differ from those of New Mountain Capital or its affiliates. The Company, as a BDC and as a RIC, is subject to certain regulatory restrictions that do not apply to New Mountain Capital or its affiliates.

        The Company is generally not permitted to invest in any portfolio company in which New Mountain Capital or any of its affiliates currently have an investment or to make any co-investments with New Mountain Capital or its affiliates, except to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. This may adversely affect the pace at which the Company makes investments. Moreover, the Company may operate with a different leverage profile than the Predecessor Entities. Furthermore, none of the prior results from the Predecessor Entities were from public reporting companies, and all or a portion of these results were achieved in particularly favorable market conditions for the Predecessor Operating Company's investment strategy which may never be repeated. Finally, we can offer no assurance that the Company's investment team will be able to continue to implement its investment objective with the same degree of success as it has had in the past.

There is uncertainty as to the value of the Company's portfolio investments because most of its investments are, and may continue to be in private companies and recorded at fair value. In addition, the fair values of the Company's investments are determined by the Company's board of directors in accordance with the Company's valuation policy.

        Some of the Company's investments are and may be in the form of securities or loans that are not publicly traded. The fair value of these investments may not be readily determinable. Under the 1940 Act, the Company is required to carry its portfolio investments at market value or, if there is no readily available market value, at fair value as determined in good faith by its board of directors, including to reflect significant events affecting the value of its securities. The Company values its investments for which it does not have readily available market quotations quarterly, or more frequently as circumstances require, at fair value as determined in good faith by its board of directors in accordance with its valuation policy, which is at all times consistent with GAAP. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies or Note 4, Fair Value for additional information on around valuations.

        The Company's board of directors utilizes the services of one or more independent third-party valuation firms to aid it in determining the fair value with respect to its material unquoted assets in accordance with its valuation policy. The inputs into the determination of fair value of these investments may require significant management judgment or estimation. Even if observable market data is available, such information may be the result of consensus pricing information or broker quotes, which include a disclaimer that the broker would not be held to such a price in an actual transaction. The non-binding nature of consensus pricing and/or quotes accompanied by disclaimers materially reduces the reliability of such information.

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        The types of factors that the board of directors takes into account in determining the fair value of its investments generally include, as appropriate: available market data, including relevant and applicable market trading and transaction comparables, applicable market yields and multiples, security covenants, call protection provisions, information rights, the nature and realizable value of any collateral, the portfolio company's ability to make payments, its earnings and discounted cash flows and the markets in which it does business, comparisons of financial ratios of peer companies that are public, comparable merger and acquisition transactions and the principal market and enterprise values. Since these valuations, and particularly valuations of private securities and private companies, are inherently uncertain, may fluctuate over short periods of time and may be based on estimates, the Company's determinations of fair value may differ materially from the values that would have been used if a ready market for these securities existed.

        Due to this uncertainty, the Company's fair value determinations may cause its net asset value, on any given date, to be materially understated or overstated. In addition, investors purchasing NMFC's common stock based on an overstated net asset value would pay a higher price than the realizable value that the Company's investments might warrant.

        The Company may adjust quarterly the valuation of its portfolio to reflect its board of directors' determination of the fair value of each investment in its portfolio. Any changes in fair value are recorded in the Company's statement of operations as net change in unrealized appreciation or depreciation.

The Company's ability to achieve its investment objective depends on key investment personnel of the Investment Adviser. If the Investment Adviser were to lose any of its key investment personnel, the Company's ability to achieve its investment objective could be significantly harmed.

        The Company depends on the investment judgment, skill and relationships of the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser, particularly Steven B. Klinsky and Robert A. Hamwee, as well as other key personnel to identify, evaluate, negotiate, structure, execute, monitor and service its investments. The Investment Adviser, as an affiliate of New Mountain Capital, is supported by New Mountain Capital's team, which as of December 31, 2014 consisted of approximately 100 staff members of New Mountain Capital and its affiliates to fulfill its obligations to the Company under the Investment Management Agreement. The Investment Adviser may also depend upon New Mountain Capital to obtain access to investment opportunities originated by the professionals of New Mountain Capital and its affiliates. The Company's future success depends to a significant extent on the continued service and coordination of the key investment personnel of the Investment Adviser. The departure of any of these individuals could have a material adverse effect on the Company's ability to achieve its investment objective.

        The Investment Committee, which provides oversight over the Company's investment activities, is provided by the Investment Adviser. The Investment Committee currently consists of five members. The loss of any member of the Investment Committee or of other senior professionals of the Investment Adviser and its affiliates without suitable replacement could limit the Company's ability to achieve its investment objective and operate as we anticipate. This could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operation and cash flows. To achieve the Company's investment objective, the Investment Adviser may hire, train, supervise and manage new investment professionals to participate in its investment selection and monitoring process. If the Investment Adviser is unable to find investment professionals or do so in a timely manner, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected.

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The Investment Adviser has limited experience managing a BDC or a RIC, which could adversely affect our business.

        Other than the Company, the Investment Adviser has not previously managed a BDC or a RIC. The 1940 Act and the Code impose numerous constraints on the operations of BDCs and RICs that do not apply to the other investment vehicles previously managed by the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser. For example, under the 1940 Act, BDCs are required to invest at least 70.0% of their total assets primarily in securities of qualifying U.S. private or thinly traded companies, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high quality debt investments that mature in one year or less. Moreover, qualification for taxation as a RIC under subchapter M of the Code requires satisfaction of source-of-income, asset diversification and annual distribution requirements. The failure to comply with these provisions in a timely manner could prevent the Company from qualifying as a BDC or as a RIC and could force us to pay unexpected taxes and penalties, which would have a material adverse effect on our performance. The Investment Adviser's lack of experience in managing a portfolio of assets under the constraints applicable to BDCs and RICs may hinder its ability to take advantage of attractive investment opportunities and, as a result, achieve the Company's investment objective. If the Company fails to maintain its status as a BDC or as a RIC, its operating flexibility could be significantly reduced.

The Company operates in a highly competitive market for investment opportunities and may not be able to compete effectively.

        The Company competes for investments with other BDCs and investment funds (including private equity and hedge funds), as well as traditional financial services companies such as commercial banks and other sources of funding. Many of its competitors are substantially larger and have considerably greater financial, technical and marketing resources than it does. For example, some competitors may have a lower cost of capital and access to funding sources that are not available to the Company. In addition, some of the Company's competitors may have higher risk tolerances or different risk assessments than the Company has. Furthermore, many of the Company's competitors have greater experience operating under, or are not subject to, the regulatory restrictions that the 1940 Act imposes on the Company as a BDC or the source-of-income, asset diversification and distribution requirements that it must satisfy to maintain its RIC status. These characteristics could allow the Company's competitors to consider a wider variety of investments, establish more relationships and offer better pricing and more flexible structuring than the Company is able to do. There are a number of new BDCs that have recently completed their IPO or that have filed registration statements with the SEC, which could create increased competition for investment opportunities.

        The Company may lose investment opportunities if it does not match its competitors' pricing, terms and structure. With respect to the investments the Company makes, it does not seek to compete based primarily on the interest rates it may offer, and we believe that some of the Company's competitors may make loans with interest rates that may be lower than the rates it offers. In the secondary market for acquiring existing loans, we expect the Company to compete generally on the basis of pricing terms. If the Company matches its competitors' pricing, terms and structure, it may experience decreased net interest income, lower yields and increased risk of credit loss. If the Company is forced to match its competitors' pricing, terms and structure, it may not be able to achieve acceptable returns on its investments or may bear substantial risk of capital loss. Part of the Company's competitive advantage stems from the fact that we believe the market for middle-market lending is underserved by traditional bank lenders and other financial sources. A significant increase in the number and/or the size of the Company's competitors in this target market could force it to accept less attractive investment terms. The Company may also compete for investment opportunities with accounts managed by the Investment Adviser or its affiliates. Although the Investment Adviser allocates opportunities in accordance with its policies and procedures, allocations to such other accounts reduces the amount and frequency of opportunities available to the Company and may not be in the best

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interests of the Company and, consequently, NMFC's stockholders. Moreover, the performance of investment opportunities is not known at the time of allocation. If the Company is not able to compete effectively, its business, financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected, thus affecting the business, financial condition and results of operations. Because of this competition, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to identify and take advantage of attractive investment opportunities that it identifies or that it will be able to fully invest its available capital.

Our business, results of operations and financial condition depends on the Company's ability to manage future growth effectively.

        The Company's ability to achieve its investment objective and to grow depends on the Investment Adviser's ability to identify, invest in and monitor companies that meet the Company's investment criteria. Accomplishing this result on a cost-effective basis is largely a function of the Investment Adviser's structuring of the investment process, its ability to provide competent, attentive and efficient services to the Company and its ability to access financing on acceptable terms. The Investment Adviser has substantial responsibilities under the Investment Management Agreement and may also be called upon to provide managerial assistance to the Company's portfolio companies. These demands on the time of the Investment Adviser and its investment professionals may distract them or slow the Company's rate of investment. In order to grow, the Company and the Investment Adviser may need to retain, train, supervise and manage new investment professionals. However, these investment professionals may not be able to contribute effectively to the work of the Investment Adviser. If the Company is unable to manage its future growth effectively, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

The incentive fee may induce the Investment Adviser to make speculative investments.

        The incentive fee payable to the Investment Adviser may create an incentive for the Investment Adviser to pursue investments that are risky or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangement, which could result in higher investment losses, particularly during cyclical economic downturns. The incentive fee payable to the Investment Adviser is calculated based on a percentage of the Company's return on investment capital. This may encourage the Investment Adviser to use leverage to increase the return on the Company's investments. In addition, because the base management fee is payable based upon the Company's gross assets, which includes any borrowings for investment purposes, but excludes borrowings under the SLF Credit Facility and cash and cash equivalents for investment purposes, the Investment Adviser may be further encouraged to use leverage to make additional investments. Under certain circumstances, the use of leverage may increase the likelihood of default, which would impair the value of NMFC's common stock.

        The incentive fee payable to the Investment Adviser also may create an incentive for the Investment Adviser to invest in instruments that have a deferred interest feature, even if such deferred payments would not provide the cash necessary to pay current distributions to NMFC's stockholders. Under these investments, the Company would accrue the interest over the life of the investment but would not receive the cash income from the investment until the end of the investment's term, if at all. The Company's net investment income used to calculate the income portion of the incentive fee, however, includes accrued interest. Thus, a portion of the incentive fee would be based on income that the Company has not yet received in cash and may never receive in cash if the portfolio company is unable to satisfy such interest payment obligations. In addition, the "catch-up" portion of the incentive fee may encourage the Investment Adviser to accelerate or defer interest payable by portfolio companies from one calendar quarter to another, potentially resulting in fluctuations in timing and dividend amounts.

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The Company may be obligated to pay the Investment Adviser incentive compensation even if the Company incurs a loss.

        The Investment Adviser is entitled to incentive compensation for each fiscal quarter in an amount equal to a percentage of the excess of the Company's Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income for that quarter (before deducting incentive compensation) above a performance threshold for that quarter. Accordingly, since the performance threshold is based on a percentage of the Company's net asset value, decreases in the Company's net asset value makes it easier to achieve the performance threshold. The Company's Pre-Incentive Fee Adjusted Net Investment Income for incentive compensation purposes excludes realized and unrealized capital losses or depreciation that it may incur in the fiscal quarter, even if such capital losses or depreciation result in a net loss on the Company's statement of operations for that quarter. Thus, the Company may be required to pay the Investment Adviser incentive compensation for a fiscal quarter even if there is a decline in the value of its portfolio or the Company incurs a net loss for that quarter.

The Company borrows money, which could magnify the potential for gain or loss on amounts invested in us and increase the risk of investing in us.

        The Company borrows money as part of its business plan. Borrowings, also known as leverage, magnify the potential for gain or loss on invested equity capital and may, consequently, increase the risk of investing in us. We expect the Company to continue to use leverage to finance its investments through senior securities issued by banks and other lenders. Lenders of these senior securities have fixed dollar claims on the Company's assets that are superior to claims of NMFC's common stockholders. If the value of the Company's assets decreases, leveraging would cause its net asset value to decline more sharply than it otherwise would have had it not leveraged. Similarly, any decrease in the Company's income would cause its net income to decline more sharply than they would have had it not borrowed. Such a decline could adversely affect the Company's ability to make common stock dividend payments. In addition, because the Company's investments may be illiquid, the Company may be unable to dispose of them or to do so at a favorable price in the event it needs to do so if it is unable to refinance any indebtedness upon maturity and, as a result, we may suffer losses. Leverage is generally considered a speculative investment technique.

        The Company's ability to service any debt that it incurs depends largely on its financial performance and is subject to prevailing economic conditions and competitive pressures. Moreover, as the Investment Adviser's management fee is payable to the Investment Adviser based on gross assets, including those assets acquired through the use of leverage, the Investment Adviser may have a financial incentive to incur leverage which may not be consistent with the Company's interests and the interests of its common stockholders. In addition, holders of NMFC's common stock will, indirectly, bear the burden of any increase in the Company's expenses as a result of leverage, including any increase in the management fee payable to the Investment Adviser.

        At December 31, 2014, the Company had $468.1 million, $50.0 million, $115.0 million and $37.5 million of indebtedness outstanding under the Holdings Credit Facility, the NMFC Credit Facility, the Convertible Notes and the SBA-guaranteed debentures, respectively. The Holdings Credit Facility had a weighted average interest rate of 2.9% for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the NMFC Credit Facility had a weighted average interest rate of 2.7% for the year ended December 31, 2014. The interest rate on the Convertible Notes is 5.0% per year.

We may need to raise additional capital to grow the Company.

        The Company may need additional capital to fund new investments and grow. The Company may access the capital markets periodically to issue equity securities. In addition, the Company may also issue debt securities or borrow from financial institutions in order to obtain such additional capital. Unfavorable economic conditions could increase the Company's funding costs and limit its access to the

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capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to the Company. A reduction in the availability of new capital could limit the Company's ability to grow. In addition, the Company is required to distribute at least 90.0% of its net ordinary income and net short-term capital gains in excess of net long-term capital losses, if any, to its stockholders to maintain its RIC status. As a result, these earnings will not be available to fund new investments. If the Company is unable to access the capital markets or if the Company is unable to borrow from financial institutions, the Company may be unable to grow its business and execute its business strategy fully, and earnings, if any, could decrease, which could have an adverse effect on the value of the Company's securities.

If the Company is unable to comply with the covenants or restrictions in its borrowings, our business could be materially adversely affected.

        The Holdings Credit Facility include covenants that, subject to exceptions, restrict the Company's ability to pay distributions, create liens on assets, make investments, make acquisitions and engage in mergers or consolidations. The Holdings Credit Facility also includes a change of control provision that accelerates the indebtedness under the facility in the event of certain change of control events. Complying with these restrictions may prevent the Company from taking actions that we believe would help it to grow its business or are otherwise consistent with its investment objective. These restrictions could also limit the Company's ability to plan for or react to market conditions or meet extraordinary capital needs or otherwise restrict corporate activities. In addition, the restrictions contained in the Holdings Credit Facility could limit the Company's ability to make distributions to its stockholders in certain circumstances, which could result in the Company failing to qualify as a RIC and thus becoming subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income tax (and any applicable state and local taxes).

        The NMFC Credit Facility includes customary covenants, including certain financial covenants related to asset coverage and liquidity and other maintenance covenants, as well as customary events of default.

        The Company's Convertible Notes are subject to certain covenants, including covenants requiring the Company to provide financial information to the holders of the Convertible Notes and the trustee if the Company ceases to be subject to the reporting requirements of the Exchange Act. These covenants are subject to limitations and exceptions.

        The breach of any of the covenants or restrictions, unless cured within the applicable grace period, would result in a default under the applicable credit facility that would permit the lenders thereunder to declare all amounts outstanding to be due and payable. In such an event, the Company may not have sufficient assets to repay such indebtedness. As a result, any default could have serious consequences to our financial condition. An event of default or an acceleration under the credit facilities could also cause a cross-default or cross-acceleration of another debt instrument or contractual obligation, which would adversely impact the Company's liquidity. The Company may not be granted waivers or amendments to the credit facilities if for any reason it is unable to comply with it, and the Company may not be able to refinance the credit facilities on terms acceptable to it, or at all.

The Company may enter into reverse repurchase agreements, which are another form of leverage.

        The Company may enter into reverse repurchase agreements as part of its management of its investment portfolio. Under a reverse repurchase agreement, the Company will effectively pledge its assets as collateral to secure a short-term loan. Generally, the other party to the agreement makes the loan in an amount equal to a percentage of the fair value of the pledged collateral. At the maturity of the reverse repurchase agreement, the payor will be required to repay the loan and correspondingly receive back its collateral. While used as collateral, the assets continue to pay principal and interest which are for the benefit of the Company.

        The Company's use of reverse repurchase agreements, if any, involves many of the same risks involved in its use of leverage, as the proceeds from reverse repurchase agreements generally will be

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invested in additional securities. There is a risk that the market value of the securities acquired with the proceeds of a reverse repurchase agreement may decline below the price of the securities that it has sold but remains obligated to repurchase under the reverse repurchase agreement. In addition, there is a risk that the market value of the securities effectively pledged by the Company may decline. If a buyer of securities under a reverse repurchase agreement were to file for bankruptcy or experience insolvency, the Company may be adversely affected. Also, in entering into reverse repurchase agreements, the Company would bear the risk of loss to the extent that the proceeds of such agreements at settlement are more than the fair value of the underlying securities being pledged. In addition, due to the interest costs associated with reverse repurchase agreements transactions, the Company's net asset value would decline, and, in some cases, we may be worse off than if such instruments had not been used.

If the Company is unable to obtain additional debt financing, or if its borrowing capacity is materially reduced, our business could be materially adversely affected.

        The Company may want to obtain additional debt financing, or need to do so upon maturity of its credit facilities, in order to obtain funds which may be made available for investments. The revolving period under the Holdings Credit Facility ends on December 18, 2017, and the Holdings Credit Facility matures on December 18, 2019. The NMFC Credit Facility, the Convertible Notes and the SBA-guaranteed debentures mature on June 4, 2019, June 15, 2019 and March 1, 2025, respectively. If the Company is unable to increase, renew or replace any such facilities and enter into new debt financing facilities or other debt financing on commercially reasonable terms, its liquidity may be reduced significantly. In addition, if the Company is unable to repay amounts outstanding under any such facilities and is declared in default or is unable to renew or refinance these facilities, it may not be able to make new investments or operate our business in the normal course. These situations may arise due to circumstances that the Company may be unable to control, such as lack of access to the credit markets, a severe decline in the value of the U.S. dollar, a further economic downturn or an operational problem that affects third parties or the Company, and could materially damage the Company's business operations, results of operations and financial condition.

A renewed disruption in the capital markets and the credit markets could adversely affect our business.

        As a BDC, the Company must maintain its ability to raise additional capital for investment purposes. If the Company is unable to access the capital markets or credit markets, the Company may be forced to curtail its business operations and may be unable to pursue new investment opportunities. The capital markets and the credit markets have experienced extreme volatility in recent periods, and, as a result, there has been and will likely continue to be uncertainty in the financial markets in general. Disruptions in the capital markets in recent years increased the spread between the yields realized on risk-free and higher risk securities, resulting in illiquidity in parts of the capital markets. In addition, a prolonged period of market illiquidity may cause the Company to reduce the volume of loans it originates and/or funds and adversely affect the value of our portfolio investments. Unfavorable economic conditions could also increase the Company's funding costs, limit its access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to the Company. These events could limit the Company's investment originations, limit its ability to grow and negatively impact our operating results. Ongoing disruptive conditions in the financial industry and the impact of new legislation in response to those conditions could restrict the Company's business operations and, consequently, could adversely impact the Company's business, results of operations and financial condition.

        If the fair value of the Company's assets declines substantially, it may fail to maintain the asset coverage ratios imposed upon it by the 1940 Act and contained in its Holding Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility. Any such failure would affect the Company's ability to issue senior securities, including borrowings, draw on its Holdings Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility and pay

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distributions, which could materially impair its business operations. The Company's liquidity could be impaired further by the Company's inability to access the capital or credit markets. For example, we cannot be certain that the Company will be able to renew its credit facilities as they mature, to consummate new borrowing facilities to provide capital for normal operations, including new originations, or reapply for SBIC licenses. In recent years, reflecting concern about the stability of the financial markets, many lenders and institutional investors have reduced or ceased providing funding to borrowers. This market turmoil and tightening of credit have led to increased market volatility and widespread reduction of business activity generally in recent years. In addition, adverse economic conditions due to these disruptive conditions could materially impact the Company's ability to comply with the financial and other covenants in any existing or future credit facilities. If the Company is unable to comply with these covenants, this could materially adversely affect the Company's business, results of operations and financial condition.

Changes in interest rates may affect the Company's cost of capital and net investment income.

        To the extent the Company borrows money to make investments, the Company's net investment income depends, in part, upon the difference between the rate at which it borrows funds and the rate at which it invests those funds. As a result, a significant change in market interest rates may have a material adverse effect on the Company's net investment income in the event it uses debt to finance its investments. In periods of rising interest rates, the Company's cost of funds would increase, which could reduce its net investment income. The Company may use interest rate risk management techniques in an effort to limit its exposure to interest rate fluctuations. These techniques may include various interest rate hedging activities to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act.

The incentive fee the Company pays to the Investment Adviser with respect to capital gains may be effectively greater than 20.0%.

        As a result of the operation of the cumulative method of calculating the capital gains portion of the incentive fee the Company pays to the Investment Adviser, the cumulative aggregate capital gains fee received by the Investment Adviser could be effectively greater than 20.0%, depending on the timing and extent of subsequent net realized capital losses or net unrealized depreciation. We cannot predict whether, or to what extent, this payment calculation would affect your investment in NMFC's common stock.

SBIC LP is licensed by the SBA and is subject to SBA regulations.

        On August 1, 2014, the Company's wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiary, SBIC LP, received its license to operate as an SBIC under the 1958 Act and is regulated by the SBA. The SBA places certain limitations on the financing terms of investments by SBICs in portfolio companies, regulates the types of financings, prohibits investing in small businesses with certain characteristics or in certain industries and requires capitalization thresholds that limit distributions to the Company. Compliance with SBIC requirements may cause SBIC LP to invest at less competitive rates in order to find investments that qualify under the SBA regulations.

        The SBA regulations require, among other things, an annual periodic examination of a licensed SBIC by an SBA examiner to determine the SBIC's compliance with the relevant SBA regulations, and the performance of a financial audit by an independent auditor. If SBIC LP fails to comply with applicable regulations, the SBA could, depending on the severity of the violation, limit or prohibit SBIC LP's use of the debentures, declare outstanding debentures immediately due and payable, and/or limit SBIC LP from making new investments. In addition, the SBA could revoke or suspend SBIC LP's license for willful or repeated violation of, or willful or repeated failure to observe, any provision of the 1958 Act or any rule or regulation promulgated thereunder. These actions by the SBA would, in turn, negatively affect the Company because SBIC LP is a wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiary of the Company.

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        SBA-guaranteed debentures are non-recourse to the Company, have a ten year maturity, and may be prepaid at any time without penalty. Pooling of issued SBA-guaranteed debentures occurs in March and September of each year. The interest rate of SBA-guaranteed debentures is fixed at the time of pooling at a market-driven spread over ten year U.S. Treasury Notes. The interest rate on debentures issued prior to the next pooling date is LIBOR plus 30 basis points. Leverage through SBA-guaranteed debentures is subject to required capitalization thresholds. Current SBA regulations limit the amount that any SBIC may borrow to two tiers of leverage capped at $150.0 million, where each tier is equivalent to the SBIC's regulatory capital, which generally equates to the amount of equity capital in the SBIC.

RISKS RELATED TO OUR OPERATIONS

Because the Company intends to distribute substantially all of its income to its stockholders to maintain its status as a RIC, the Company will continue to need additional capital to finance its growth. If additional funds are unavailable or not available on favorable terms, the Company's ability to grow may be impaired.

        In order for the Company to qualify for the tax benefits available to RICs and to avoid payment of excise taxes, the Company intends to distribute to its stockholders substantially all of its annual taxable income. As a result of these requirements, the Company may need to raise capital from other sources to grow its business.

        As a BDC, the Company is required to meet a coverage ratio of total assets, less liabilities and indebtedness not represented by senior securities and excluding SBA-guaranteed debentures as permitted by exemptive relief obtained from the SEC, to total senior securities, which includes all of the Company's borrowings with the exception of SBA-guaranteed debentures, of at least 200.0%. This requirement limits the amount that the Company may borrow. Since the Company continues to need capital to grow its investment portfolio, these limitations may prevent the Company from incurring debt and require the Company to raise additional equity at a time when it may be disadvantageous to do so. While we expect the Company will be able to borrow and to issue additional debt securities and expect that the Company will be able to issue additional equity securities, which would in turn increase the equity capital available to the Company, we cannot assure you that debt and equity financing will be available to the Company on favorable terms, or at all. In addition, as a BDC, the Company generally is not permitted to issue equity securities priced below net asset value without stockholder approval. If additional funds are not available to the Company, the Company may be forced to curtail or cease new investment activities, and the Company's net asset value could decline.

SBIC LP may be unable to make distributions to the Company that will enable the Company to meet or maintain RIC status.

        In order for the Company to continue to qualify for tax benefits available to RICs and to minimize corporate-level U.S. federal income tax, the Company must distribute to its stockholders, for each taxable year, at least 90.0% of its "investment company taxable income", which is generally its net ordinary income plus the excess of realized net short-term capital gains over realized net long-term capital losses, including investment company taxable income from SBIC LP. The Company will be partially dependent on SBIC LP for cash distributions to enable the Company to meet the RIC distribution requirements. SBIC LP may be limited by SBA regulations governing SBICs from making certain distributions to the Company that may be necessary to maintain the Company's status as a RIC. The Company may have to request a waiver of the SBA's restrictions for SBIC LP to make certain distributions to maintain the Company's RIC status. The Company cannot assure you that the SBA will grant such waiver and if SBIC LP is unable to obtain a waiver, compliance with the SBA regulations may result in corporate-level U.S. federal income tax on the Company.

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Our ability to enter into transactions with our affiliates is restricted.

        As a BDC, the Company is prohibited under the 1940 Act from participating in certain transactions with its respective affiliates without the prior approval of its respective independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. Any person that owns, directly or indirectly, 5.0% or more of the Company's outstanding voting securities is an affiliate of the Company for purposes of the 1940 Act. The Company is generally prohibited from buying or selling any securities (other than its respective securities) from or to an affiliate. The 1940 Act also prohibits certain "joint" transactions with an affiliate, which could include investments in the same portfolio company (whether at the same or different times), without prior approval of independent directors and, in some cases, the SEC. If a person acquires more than 25.0% of the Company's voting securities, the Company is prohibited from buying or selling any security (other than its respective securities) from or to such person or certain of that person's affiliates, or entering into prohibited joint transactions with such persons, absent the prior approval of the SEC. Similar restrictions limit the Company's ability to transact business with its respective officers or directors or its affiliates. As a result of these restrictions, the Company may be prohibited from buying or selling any security from or to any portfolio company of a private equity fund managed by any affiliate of the Investment Adviser without the prior approval of the SEC, which may limit the scope of investment opportunities that would otherwise be available to the Company.

The Investment Adviser has significant potential conflicts of interest with the Company and, consequently, your interests as stockholders which could adversely impact our investment returns.

        The Company's executive officers and directors, as well as the current or future investment professionals of the Investment Adviser, serve or may serve as officers, directors or principals of entities that operate in the same or a related line of business as we do or of investment funds managed by the Company's affiliates. Accordingly, they may have obligations to investors in those entities, the fulfillment of which might not be in your interests as stockholders. Although we are currently New Mountain Capital's only vehicle focused primarily on investing in the investments that we target, in the future, the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser and/or New Mountain Capital employees that provide services pursuant to the Investment Management Agreement may manage other funds which may from time to time have overlapping investment objectives with our own and, accordingly, may invest in, whether principally or secondarily, asset classes similar to those targeted by us. If this occurs, the Investment Adviser may face conflicts of interest in allocating investment opportunities to the Company and such other funds. Although the investment professionals endeavor to allocate investment opportunities in a fair and equitable manner, it is possible that the Company may not be given the opportunity to participate in certain investments made by the Investment Adviser or persons affiliated with the Investment Adviser or that certain of these investment funds may be favored over the Company. When these investment professionals identify an investment, they may be forced to choose which investment fund should make the investment.

        If the Investment Adviser forms other affiliates in the future, the Company may co-invest on a concurrent basis with such other affiliate, subject to compliance with applicable regulations and regulatory guidance or an exemptive order from the SEC and the Company's allocation procedures. In addition, the Company pays management and incentive fees to the Investment Adviser and reimburses the Investment Adviser for certain expenses it incurs. As a result, investors in the Company's common stock invest in the Company on a "gross" basis and receive distributions on a "net" basis after the Company's expenses. Also, the incentive fee payable to the Investment Adviser may create an incentive for the Investment Adviser to pursue investments that are riskier or more speculative than would be the case in the absence of such compensation arrangements. Any potential conflict of interest arising as a result of the arrangements with the Investment Adviser could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

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The Investment Committee, the Investment Adviser or its affiliates may, from time to time, possess material non-public information, limiting the Company's investment discretion.

        The Investment Adviser's investment professionals, Investment Committee or their respective affiliates may serve as directors of, or in a similar capacity with, companies in which we invest. In the event that material non-public information is obtained with respect to such companies, or we become subject to trading restrictions under the internal trading policies of those companies or as a result of applicable law or regulations, the Company could be prohibited for a period of time from purchasing or selling the securities of such companies, and this prohibition may have an adverse effect on the Company and your interests as stockholders.

The valuation process for certain of the Company's portfolio holdings creates a conflict of interest.

        Some of the Company's portfolio investments are made in the form of securities that are not publicly traded. As a result, the Company's board of directors determines the fair value of these securities in good faith. In connection with this determination, investment professionals from the Investment Adviser may provide the Company's board of directors with portfolio company valuations based upon the most recent portfolio company financial statements available and projected financial results of each portfolio company. In addition, Steven B. Klinsky, a member of the Company's board of directors, has an indirect pecuniary interest in the Investment Adviser. The participation of the Investment Adviser's investment professionals in the Company's valuation process, and the indirect pecuniary interest in the Investment Adviser by a member of the Company's board of directors, could result in a conflict of interest as the Investment Adviser's management fee is based, in part, on the Company's gross assets and incentive fees are based, in part, on unrealized gains and losses.

Conflicts of interest may exist related to other arrangements with the Investment Adviser or its affiliates.

        The Company has entered into a royalty-free license agreement with New Mountain Capital under which New Mountain Capital has agreed to grant the Company a non-exclusive, royalty-free license to use the name "New Mountain". In addition, the Company reimburses the Administrator for the allocable portion of overhead and other expenses incurred by the Administrator in performing its obligations to the Company under the Administration Agreement, such as the allocable portion of the cost of the Company's chief financial officer and chief compliance officer and their respective staffs. This could create conflicts of interest that the Company's board of directors must monitor.

The Investment Management Agreement with the Investment Adviser and the Administration Agreement with the Administrator were not negotiated on an arm's length basis.

        The Investment Management Agreement and the Administration Agreement were negotiated between related parties. In addition, the Company may choose not to enforce, or to enforce less vigorously, its respective rights and remedies under these agreements because of its desire to maintain its ongoing relationship with the Investment Adviser, the Administrator and its respective affiliates. Any such decision, however, could cause the Company to breach its fiduciary obligations to its stockholders.

The Investment Adviser's liability is limited under the Investment Management Agreement, and the Company has agreed to indemnify the Investment Adviser against certain liabilities, which may lead the Investment Adviser to act in a riskier manner than it would when acting for its own account.

        Under the Investment Management Agreement, the Investment Adviser does not assume any responsibility other than to render the services called for under that agreement, and it is not responsible for any action of the Company's board of directors in following or declining to follow the Investment Adviser's advice or recommendations. Under the terms of the Investment Management Agreement, the Investment Adviser, its officers, members, personnel, any person controlling or

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controlled by the Investment Adviser are not liable for acts or omissions performed in accordance with and pursuant to the Investment Management Agreement, except those resulting from acts constituting gross negligence, willful misconduct, bad faith or reckless disregard of the Investment Adviser's duties under the Investment Management Agreement. In addition, the Company has agreed to indemnify the Investment Adviser and each of its officers, directors, members, managers and employees from and against any claims or liabilities, including reasonable legal fees and other expenses reasonably incurred, arising out of or in connection with our business and operations or any action taken or omitted pursuant to authority granted by the Investment Management Agreement, except where attributable to gross negligence, willful misconduct, bad faith or reckless disregard of such person's duties under the Investment Management Agreement. These protections may lead the Investment Adviser to act in a riskier manner than it would when acting for its own account.

The Investment Adviser can resign upon 60 days' notice, and a suitable replacement may not be found within that time, resulting in disruptions in the Company's operations that could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

        Under the Investment Management Agreement, the Investment Adviser has the right to resign at any time upon 60 days' written notice, whether a replacement has been found or not. If the Investment Adviser resigns, the Company may not be able to find a new investment adviser or hire internal management with similar expertise and ability to provide the same or equivalent services on acceptable terms within 60 days, or at all. If a replacement is not able to be found on a timely basis, our business, results of operations and financial condition and the Company's ability to pay distributions are likely to be materially adversely affected and the market price of its common stock may decline. In addition, if the Company is unable to identify and reach an agreement with a single institution or group of executives having the expertise possessed by the Investment Adviser and its affiliates, the coordination of its internal management and investment activities is likely to suffer. Even if the Company is able to retain comparable management, whether internal or external, their integration into the Company's business and lack of familiarity with the Company's investment objective may result in additional costs and time delays that may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

The Administrator can resign upon 60 days' notice from its role as Administrator under the Administration Agreement, and a suitable replacement may not be found, resulting in disruptions that could adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

        The Administrator has the right to resign under the Administration Agreement upon 60 days' written notice, whether a replacement has been found or not. If the Administrator resigns, it may be difficult to find a new administrator or hire internal management with similar expertise and ability to provide the same or equivalent services on acceptable terms, or at all. If a replacement is not found quickly, our business, results of operations and financial condition, as well as the Company's ability to pay distributions, are likely to be adversely affected, and the market price of its common stock may decline. In addition, the coordination of the Company's internal management and administrative activities is likely to suffer if they are unable to identify and reach an agreement with a service provider or individuals with the expertise possessed by the Administrator. Even if a comparable service provider or individuals to perform such services are retained, whether internal or external, their integration into the Company's business and lack of familiarity with the Company's investment objective may result in additional costs and time delays that may materially adversely affect our business, results of operations and financial condition.

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If the Company fails to maintain its status as a BDC, our business and operating flexibility could be significantly reduced.

        The Company qualifys as a BDC under the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act imposes numerous constraints on the operations of BDCs. For example, BDCs are required to invest at least 70.0% of their total assets in specified types of securities, primarily in private companies or thinly-traded U.S. public companies, cash, cash equivalents, U.S. government securities and other high quality debt investments that mature in one year or less. Failure to comply with the requirements imposed on BDCs by the 1940 Act could cause the SEC to bring an enforcement action against the Company and/or expose the Company to claims of private litigants. In addition, upon approval of a majority of the Company's stockholders, the Company may elect to withdraw its respective election as a BDC. If the Company decides to withdraw its election, or if the Company otherwise fails to qualify, or maintain its qualification, as a BDC, the Company may be subject to the substantially greater regulation under the 1940 Act as a closed-end investment company. Compliance with these regulations would significantly decrease our operating flexibility and could significantly increase our cost of doing business.

If the Company does not invest a sufficient portion of its assets in qualifying assets, it could be precluded from investing in certain assets or could be required to dispose of certain assets, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

        As a BDC, the Company is prohibited from acquiring any assets other than "qualifying assets" unless, at the time of and after giving effect to such acquisition, at least 70.0% of our total assets are qualifying assets. We may acquire in the future other investments that are not "qualifying assets" to the extent permitted by the 1940 Act. If the Company does not invest a sufficient portion of its assets in qualifying assets, it would be prohibited from investing in additional assets, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Similarly, these rules could prevent the Company from making follow-on investments in existing portfolio companies (which could result in the dilution of its position) or could require the Company to dispose of investments at inopportune times in order to come into compliance with the 1940 Act. If the Company needs to dispose of these investments quickly, it may be difficult to dispose of such investments on favorable terms. For example, the Company may have difficulty in finding a buyer and, even if a buyer is found, it may have to sell the investments at a substantial loss.

The Company's ability to invest in public companies may be limited in certain circumstances.

        To maintain the Company's status as a BDC, the Company is not permitted to acquire any assets other than "qualifying assets" specified in the 1940 Act unless, at the time the acquisition is made, at least 70.0% of its total assets are qualifying assets (with certain limited exceptions). Subject to certain exceptions for follow-on investments and distressed companies, an investment in an issuer that has outstanding securities listed on a national securities exchange may be treated as qualifying assets only if such issuer has a common equity market capitalization that is less than $250.0 million at the time of such investment.

Regulations governing the operations of BDCs will affect the Company's ability to raise additional equity capital as well as the Company's ability to issue senior securities or borrow for investment purposes, any or all of which could have a negative effect on our investment objectives and strategies.

        The Company's business requires a substantial amount of capital. The Company may acquire additional capital from the issuance of senior securities, including borrowing under a credit facility or other indebtedness. In addition, the Company may also issue additional equity capital, which would in turn increase the equity capital available to the Company. However, the Company may not be able to raise additional capital in the future on favorable terms or at all.

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        The Company may issue debt securities, preferred stock, and it may borrow money from banks or other financial institutions, which we refer to collectively as "senior securities", up to the maximum amount permitted by the 1940 Act. The 1940 Act permits the Company to issue senior securities in amounts such that its asset coverage, as defined in the 1940 Act, equals at least 200.0% after each issuance of senior securities. If the Company's asset coverage ratio is not at least 200.0%, it would be unable to issue senior securities, and if it had senior securities outstanding (other than any indebtedness issued in consideration of a privately arranged loan, such as any indebtedness outstanding under the Holdings Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility), it would be unable to make distributions to its stockholders. However, at December 31, 2014, the only senior securities outstanding were indebtedness under the Holdings Credit Facility, NMFC Credit Facility and Convertible Notes and therefore at December 31, 2014, the Company would not have been precluded from paying distributions. If the value of the Company's assets declines, the Company may be unable to satisfy this test. If that happens, the Company may be required to liquidate a portion of its investments and repay a portion of its indebtedness at a time when such sales may be disadvantageous.

        The Holdings Credit Facility matures on December 18, 2019 and permits borrowings of $495.0 million as of December 31, 2014. The Holdings Credit Facility had $468.1 million in debt outstanding as of December 31, 2014. The NMFC Credit Facility matures on June 4, 2019 and permits borrowings of $80.0 million as of December 31, 2014. The NMFC Credit Facility had $50.0 million in debt outstanding as of December 31, 2014. The Convertible Notes mature on June 15, 2019. The Convertible Notes had $115.0 million in debt outstanding as of December 31, 2014.

        In addition, the Company may in the future seek to securitize other portfolio securities to generate cash for funding new investments. To securitize loans, the Company would likely create a wholly-owned subsidiary and contribute a pool of loans to the subsidiary. The Company would then sell interests in the subsidiary on a non-recourse basis to purchasers and it would retain all or a portion of the equity in the subsidiary. If the Company is unable to successfully securitize its loan portfolio, which must be done in compliance with the relevant restrictions in the Holdings Credit Facility, its ability to grow its business or fully execute its business strategy could be impaired and our earnings, if any, could decrease. The securitization market is subject to changing market conditions and the Company may not be able to access this market when it would otherwise deem appropriate. Moreover, the successful securitization of the Company's portfolio might expose the Company to losses as the residual investments in which it does not sell interests will tend to be those that are riskier and more apt to generate losses. The 1940 Act also may impose restrictions on the structure of any securitization.

        The Company may also obtain capital through the issuance of additional equity capital. As a BDC, the Company generally is not able to issue or sell its common stock at a price below net asset value per share. If the Company's common stock trades at a discount to its net asset value per share, this restriction could adversely affect its ability to raise equity capital. The Company may, however, sell its common stock, or warrants, options or rights to acquire its common stock, at a price below its net asset value per share of the common stock if its board of directors and independent directors determine that such sale is in its best interests and the best interests of its stockholders, and its stockholders approve such sale. In any such case, the price at which the Company's securities are to be issued and sold may not be less than a price that, in the determination of the Company's board of directors, closely approximates the market value of such securities (less any underwriting commission or discount). If the Company raises additional funds by issuing more shares of its common stock or if the Company issues senior securities convertible into, or exchangeable for, the Company's common stock, the percentage ownership of the stockholders may decline and you may experience dilution.

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The Company's business model in the future may depend to an extent upon our referral relationships with private equity sponsors, and the inability of the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser to maintain or develop these relationships, or the failure of these relationships to generate investment opportunities, could adversely affect its business strategy.

        If the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser fail to maintain existing relationships or develop new relationships with other sponsors or sources of investment opportunities, the Company may not be able to grow its investment portfolio. In addition, individuals with whom the investment professionals of the Investment Adviser have relationships are not obligated to provide the Company with investment opportunities, and, therefore, there is no assurance that any relationships they currently or may in the future have will generate investment opportunities for the Company.

We may experience fluctuations in our annual and quarterly results due to the nature of our business.

        We could experience fluctuations in our annual and quarterly operating results due to a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control, including the ability or inability of the Company to make investments in companies that meet its investment criteria, the interest rate payable on the debt securities acquired and the default rate on such securities, the level of the Company's expenses, variations in and the timing of the recognition of realized and unrealized gains or losses, the degree to which the Company encounters competition in the markets in which it operates and general economic conditions. As a result of these factors, results for any period should not be relied upon as being indicative of performance in future periods.

The Company's board of directors may change its investment objective, operating policies and strategies without prior notice or stockholder approval, the effects of which may be adverse to your interest as a stockholder.

        The Company's board of directors has the authority, except as otherwise provided in the 1940 Act, to modify or waive certain of its operating policies and strategies without prior notice and without stockholder approval. As a result, the Company's board of directors may be able to change its investment policies and objectives without any input from its stockholders. However, absent stockholder approval, the Company may not change the nature of its business so as to cease to be, or withdraw its election as, a BDC. Under Delaware law, the Company also cannot be dissolved without prior stockholder approval. We cannot predict the effect any changes to the Company's current operating policies and strategies would have on our business, operating results and the market price of NMFC's common stock. Nevertheless, any such changes could adversely affect our business and impair the Company's ability to make distributions to its stockholders.

The Company will be subject to corporate-level U.S. federal income tax on all of its respective income if it is unable to maintain RIC status under Subchapter M of the Code, which would have a material adverse effect on its financial performance.

        Although the Company intends to continue to qualify annually as a RIC under Subchapter M of the Code, no assurance can be given that the Company will be able to maintain its RIC status. To maintain RIC status and be relieved of U.S. federal income taxes on income and gains distributed to its stockholders, the Company must meet the annual distribution, source-of-income and asset diversification requirements described below.

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        If the Company fails to qualify for or maintain its RIC status for any reason, and it does not qualify for certain relief provisions under the Code, the Company would be subject to certain corporate-level U.S. federal income tax (and any applicable state and local taxes). In this event, the resulting taxes could substantially reduce the Company's net assets, the amount of income available for distribution and the amount of its distributions, which would have a material adverse effect on its financial performance.

You may have current tax liabilities on distributions you reinvest in common stock of NMFC.

        Under the dividend reinvestment plan, if you own shares of common stock of NMFC registered in your own name, you will have all cash distributions automatically reinvested in additional shares of common stock of NMFC unless you opt out of the dividend reinvestment plan by delivering notice by phone, internet or in writing to the plan administrator at least three days prior to the payment date of the next dividend or distribution. If you have not "opted out" of the dividend reinvestment plan, you will be deemed to have received, and for U.S. federal income tax purposes will be taxed on, the amount reinvested in common stock of NMFC to the extent the amount reinvested was not a tax-free return of capital. As a result, you may have to use funds from other sources to pay your U.S. federal income tax liability on the value of the common stock received.

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The Company may not be able to pay you distributions on its common stock, its distributions to you may not grow over time and a portion of its distributions to you may be a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

        The Company intends to pay quarterly distributions to its stockholders out of assets legally available for distribution. We cannot assure you that we will continue to achieve investment results that will allow the Company to make a specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions. If the Company is unable to satisfy the asset coverage test applicable to it as a BDC, or if it violates certain covenants under the Holdings Credit Facility and the NMFC Credit Facility, the Company's ability to pay distributions to its stockholders could be limited. All distributions are paid at the discretion of the Company's board of directors and depend on its earnings, financial condition, maintenance of the Company's RIC status, compliance with applicable BDC regulations, compliance with covenants under the Holdings Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility, and such other factors as the Company's board of directors may deem relevant from time to time. The distributions that the Company pays to its stockholders in a year may exceed its taxable income for that year and, accordingly, a portion of such distributions may constitute a return of capital for U.S. federal income tax purposes.

The Company may have difficulty paying its required distributions if the Company recognizes taxable income before or without receiving cash representing such income.

        For U.S. federal income tax purposes, the Company includes in its taxable income its allocable share of certain amounts that the Company has not yet received in cash, such as original issue discount or accruals on a contingent payment debt instrument, which may occur if the Company receives warrants in connection with the origination of a loan or possibly in other circumstances or contracted payment-in-kind ("PIK") interest, which generally represents contractual interest added to the loan balance and due at the end of the loan term. The Company's allocable share of such original issue discount and PIK interest are included in its taxable income before the Company receives any corresponding cash payments. The Company also may be required to include in its taxable income its allocable share of certain other amounts that the Company will not receive in cash.

        Because in certain cases the Company may recognize taxable income before or without receiving cash representing such income, the Company may have difficulty making distributions to its stockholders that will be sufficient to enable the Company to meet the annual distribution requirement necessary to qualify as a RIC. Accordingly, the Company may need to sell some of its assets at times and/or at prices that it would not consider advantageous, the Company may need to raise additional equity or debt capital, or the Company may need to forego new investment opportunities or otherwise take actions that are disadvantageous to its business (or be unable to take actions that are advantageous to its business) to enable the Company to make distributions to its stockholders that will be sufficient to enable the Company to meet the annual distribution requirement. If the Company is unable to obtain cash from other sources to enable it to meet the annual distribution requirement, the Company may fail to qualify for the U.S. federal income tax benefits allowable to RICs and, thus, become subject to certain corporate-level U.S. federal income tax (and any applicable state and local taxes).

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Changes in laws or regulations governing the Company's operations may adversely affect our business or cause the Company to alter its business strategy.

        Changes in the laws or regulations or the interpretations of the laws and regulations that govern BDCs, RICs or non-depository commercial lenders could significantly affect our operations and our cost of doing business. The Company's portfolio companies are subject to U.S. federal, state and local laws and regulations. New legislation may be enacted or new interpretations, rulings or regulations could be adopted, any of which could materially adversely affect our business, including with respect to the types of investments the Company is permitted to make, and your interest as a stockholder potentially with retroactive effect. In addition, any changes to the laws and regulations governing the Company's operations relating to permitted investments may cause the Company to alter its investment strategy in order to avail itself of new or different opportunities. These changes could result in material changes to the strategies and may result in the Company's investment focus shifting from the areas of expertise of the Investment Adviser to other types of investments in which the Investment Adviser may have less expertise or little or no experience. Any such changes, if they occur, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition and, consequently, the value of your investment in us.

        On July 21, 2010, the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, or Dodd-Frank Act, was signed into law. Although passage of the Dodd-Frank Act has resulted in extensive rulemaking and regulatory changes that affect the Company and the financial industry as a whole, many of its provisions remain subject to extended implementation periods and delayed effective dates and will require extensive rulemaking by regulatory authorities. While the full impact of the Dodd-Frank Act on the Company and the Company's portfolio companies may not be known for an extended period of time, the Dodd-Frank Act, including future rules implementing its provisions and the interpretation of those rules, along with other legislative and regulatory proposals directed at the financial services industry or affecting taxation that are proposed or pending in the U.S. Congress, may negatively impact the Company's or the Company's portfolio companies operations, cash flows or financial condition, impose additional costs on the Company or the Company's portfolio companies, intensify the regulatory supervision of the Company or the Company's portfolio companies or otherwise adversely affect the Company's business or the business of the Company's portfolio companies.

        Over the last several years, there has been an increase in regulatory attention to the extension of credit outside of the traditional banking sector, raising the possibility that some portion of the non-bank financial sector will be subject to new regulation. While it cannot be known at this time whether these regulations will be implemented or what form they will take, increased regulation of non-bank credit extension could negatively impact the Company's operations, cash flows or financial condition, impose additional costs on the Company, intensify the regulatory supervision of the Company or otherwise adversely affect the Company's business.

The effect of global climate change may impact the operations of the Company's portfolio companies.

        There may be evidence of global climate change. Climate change creates physical and financial risk and some of the Company's portfolio companies may be adversely affected by climate change. For example, the needs of customers of energy companies vary with weather conditions, primarily temperature and humidity. To the extent weather conditions are affected by climate change, energy use could increase or decrease depending on the duration and magnitude of any changes. Increases in the cost of energy could adversely affect the cost of operations of the Company's portfolio companies if the use of energy products or services is material to their business. A decrease in energy use due to weather changes may affect some of the Company's portfolio companies' financial condition, through decreased revenues. Extreme weather conditions in general require more system backup, adding to costs, and can contribute to increased system stresses, including service interruptions.

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Pending legislation may allow the Company to incur additional leverage.

        As a BDC, under the 1940 Act the Company generally is not permitted to incur indebtedness unless immediately after such borrowing the Company has an asset coverage for total borrowings of at least 200.0% (i.e., the amount of debt may not exceed 50.0% of the value of the Company's total assets or the Company may borrow an amount equal to 100.0% of net assets). Legislation introduced in Congress, if passed, would modify this section of the 1940 Act and increase the amount of debt that BDCs may incur by modifying the percentage from 200.0% to 150.0%. As a result, the Company may be able to incur additional indebtedness in the future and therefore your risk of an investment in the Company's common stock may increase.

The Company incurs significant costs as a result of being a publicly traded company.

        As a publicly traded company, the Company incurs legal, accounting and other expenses, which are paid by the Company, including costs associated with the periodic reporting requirements applicable to a company whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act, as well as additional corporate governance requirements, including requirements under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, or the "Sarbanes-Oxley Act," and other rules implemented by the SEC.

Efforts to comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act involve significant expenditures, and non-compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act may adversely affect the Company and the market price of its common stock.

        The Company is subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and the related rules and regulations promulgated by the SEC. Under current SEC rules since its fiscal year ended December 31, 2012, the Company's management has been required to report on its internal control over financial reporting pursuant to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and rules and regulations of the SEC thereunder. The Company is required to review on an annual basis its internal control over financial reporting, and on a quarterly and annual basis to evaluate and disclose changes in its internal control over financial reporting. As a result, the Company expects to continue to incur additional expenses, which may negatively impact the Company's financial performance and the Company's ability to make distributions to its stockholders. This process also may result in a diversion of management's time and attention. We cannot be certain as to the timing of completion of any evaluation, testing and remediation actions or the impact of the same on our operations, and the Company is not able to ensure that the process is effective or that its internal control over financial reporting is or will continue to be effective in a timely manner. In the event that the Company is unable to maintain or achieve compliance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and related rules, the Company and, consequently, the market price of its common stock may be adversely affected.

The Company's business is highly dependent on information systems and systems failures could significantly disrupt our business, which may, in turn, negatively affect the market price of the Company's common stock and its ability to pay dividends.

        The Company's business is highly dependent on the communications and information systems of the Investment Adviser and its affiliates. Any failure or interruption of such systems could cause delays or other problems in the Company's activities. This, in turn, could have a material adverse effect on the Company's operating results and, consequently, negatively affect the market price of its common stock and its ability to pay dividends to its stockholders. In addition, because many of the Company's portfolio companies operate and rely on network infrastructure and enterprise applications and internal technology systems for development, marketing, operational, support and other business activities, a disruption or failure of any or all of these systems in the event of a major telecommunications failure, cyber-attack, fire, earthquake, severe weather conditions or other catastrophic event could cause system

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interruptions, delays in product development and loss of critical data and could otherwise disrupt their business operations.

The failure in cyber security systems, as well as the occurrence of events unanticipated in the Company's disaster recovery systems and management continuity planning could impair the Company's ability to conduct business effectively.

        The occurrence of a disaster such as a cyber attack, a natural catastrophe, an industrial accident, a terrorist attack or war, events unanticipated in the Company's disaster recovery systems, or a support failure from external providers, could have an adverse effect on the Company's ability to conduct business and on the Company's results of operations and financial condition, particularly if those events affect the Company's computer-based data processing, transmission, storage, and retrieval systems or destroy data. If a significant number of the Company's managers were unavailable in the event of a disaster, the Company's ability to effectively conduct its business could be severely compromised.

        We depend heavily upon computer systems to perform necessary business functions. Despite the Company's implementation of a variety of security measures, its computer systems could be subject to cyber attacks and unauthorized access, such as physical and electronic break-ins or unauthorized tampering. Like other companies, the Company may experience threats to its data and systems, including malware and computer virus attacks, unauthorized access, system failures and disruptions. If one or more of these events occurs, it could potentially jeopardize the confidential, proprietary and other information processed and stored in, and transmitted through, the Company's computer systems and networks, or otherwise cause interruptions or malfunctions in its operations, which could result in damage to the Company's reputation, financial losses, litigation, increased costs, regulatory penalties and/or customer dissatisfaction or loss.

RISKS RELATING TO THE COMPANY'S INVESTMENTS

The Company's investments in portfolio companies may be risky, and the Company could lose all or part of any of its investments.

        Investments in small and middle market businesses are highly speculative and involve a high degree of risk of credit loss. These risks are likely to increase during volatile economic periods, such as the U.S. and many other economies have recently experienced. Among other things, these companies:

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        In addition, in the course of providing significant managerial assistance to certain of the Company's portfolio companies, certain of the Company's officers and directors may serve as directors on the boards of such companies. To the extent that litigation arises out of the Company's investments in these companies, the Company's officers and directors may be named as defendants in such litigation, which could result in an expenditure of funds (through the Company's indemnification of such officers and directors) and the diversion of management time and resources.

The Company's investment strategy, which is focused primarily on privately held companies, presents certain challenges, including the lack of available information about these companies.

        The Company invests primarily in privately held companies. There is generally little public information about these companies, and, as a result, the Company must rely on the ability of the Investment Adviser to obtain adequate information to evaluate the potential returns from, and risks related to, investing in these companies. If the Company is unable to uncover all material information about these companies, it may not make a fully informed investment decision, and it may lose money on its investments. Also, privately held companies frequently have less diverse product lines and smaller market presence than larger competitors. They are, thus, generally more vulnerable to economic downturns and may experience substantial variations in operating results. These factors could adversely affect the Company's investment returns.

The Company's investments in securities rated below investment grade are speculative in nature and are subject to additional risk factors such as increased possibility of default, illiquidity of the security, and changes in value based on changes in interest rates.

        The Company's investments are typically rated below investment grade. Securities rated below investment grade are often referred to as "leveraged loans," "high yield" or "junk" securities, and may be considered "high risk" compared to debt instruments that are rated investment grade. High yield securities are regarded as having predominantly speculative characteristics with respect to the issuer's capacity to pay interest and repay principal in accordance with the terms of the obligations and involve major risk exposure to adverse conditions. In addition, high yield securities generally offer a higher current yield than that available from higher grade issues, but typically involve greater risk. These securities are especially sensitive to adverse changes in general economic conditions, to changes in the financial condition of their issuers and to price fluctuation in response to changes in interest rates. During periods of economic downturn or rising interest rates, issuers of below investment grade instruments may experience financial stress that could adversely affect their ability to make payments of principal and interest and increase the possibility of default.

The Company's portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of industries, which may subject the Company to a risk of significant loss if there is a downturn in a particular industry in which a number of its investments are concentrated.

        The Company's portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of industries. For example, as of December 31, 2014, the Company's investments in the software, the business services and the education industries represented approximately 20.2%, 18.3% and 17.7%, respectively, of the fair value of the Company's portfolio. A downturn in any particular industry in which the Company is invested could significantly impact the portfolio companies operating in that industry, and accordingly, the aggregate returns that the Company realizes from its investment in such portfolio companies.

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        Specifically, companies in the software industry often have narrow product lines and small market shares. Because of rapid technological change, the average selling prices of products and some services provided by software companies have historically decreased over their productive lives. As a result, the average selling prices of products and services offered by software companies in which we invest may decrease over time. In addition, companies in the business services industry are subject to general economic downturns and business cycles, and will often suffer reduced revenues and rate pressures during periods of economic uncertainty. Likewise, companies in the education industry are required to comply with extensive regulatory and accreditation requirements, which could be subject to change by Congress, and which can limit their access to federal aid or similar loan programs, or otherwise increase their compliance costs. If an industry in which the Company has significant investments suffers from adverse business or economic conditions, as these industries have to varying degrees, a material portion of its investment portfolio could be affected adversely, which, in turn, could adversely affect the Company's financial position and results of operations.

Continuation of the current decline in oil and natural gas prices for a prolonged period of time could have a material adverse effect on the Company.

        Approximately 5.9% of the Company's portfolio at fair value is invested in energy-related businesses. A decline in oil and natural gas prices would adversely affect the credit quality of these investments. A decrease in credit quality would, in turn, negatively affect the fair value of these investments, which would consequently negatively affect the Company's financial position and results of operations. Should the current decline in oil and natural gas prices persist, it is likely that the Company's energy-related portfolio companies' abilities to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by the Company or other lenders will be adversely affected, thereby negatively impacting the Company's financial condition and their ability to satisfy their debt service and other obligations to the Company.

If the Company makes unsecured investments, those investments might not generate sufficient cash flow to service its debt obligations to the Company.

        The Company may make unsecured investments. Unsecured investments may be subordinated to other obligations of the obligor. Unsecured investments often reflect a greater possibility that adverse changes in the financial condition of the obligor or general economic conditions (including, for example, a substantial period of rising interest rates or declining earnings) or both may impair the ability of the obligor to make payment of principal and interest. If the Company makes an unsecured investment in a portfolio company, that portfolio company may be highly leveraged, and its relatively high debt-to-equity ratio may increase the risk that its operations might not generate sufficient cash to service its debt obligations.

If the Company invests in the securities and obligations of distressed and bankrupt issuers, it might not receive interest or other payments.

        From time to time, the Company may invest in other types of investments which are not its primary focus, including investments in the securities and obligations of distressed and bankrupt issuers, including debt obligations that are in covenant or payment default. Such investments generally are considered speculative. The repayment of defaulted obligations is subject to significant uncertainties. Defaulted obligations might be repaid only after lengthy workout or bankruptcy proceedings, during which the issuer of those obligations might not make any interest or other payments.

The lack of liquidity in the Company's investments may adversely affect our business.

        The Company invests, and will continue to invest, in companies whose securities are not publicly traded and whose securities will be subject to legal and other restrictions on resale or will otherwise be

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less liquid than publicly traded securities. The illiquidity of these investments may make it difficult for the Company to sell these investments when desired. In addition, if the Company is required or otherwise chooses to liquidate all or a portion of its portfolio quickly, it may realize significantly less than the value at which it had previously recorded these investments. The Company's investments are usually subject to contractual or legal restrictions on resale or are otherwise illiquid because there is usually no established trading market for such investments. Because most of the Company's investments are illiquid, the Company may be unable to dispose of them in which case the Company could fail to qualify as a RIC and/or a BDC, or the Company may be unable to do so at a favorable price, and, as a result, the Company may suffer losses.

Price declines and illiquidity in the corporate debt markets may adversely affect the fair value of the Company's portfolio investments, reducing the Company's net asset value through increased net unrealized depreciation.

        As a BDC, the Company is required to carry its investments at market value or, if no market value is ascertainable, at fair value as determined in good faith by its board of directors. As part of the valuation process, the Company may take into account the following types of factors, if relevant, in determining the fair value of its investments:

        When an external event such as a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent sale occurs, the Company will use the pricing indicated by the external event to corroborate its valuation. The Company will record decreases in the market values or fair values of its investments as unrealized depreciation. Declines in prices and liquidity in the corporate debt markets may result in significant net unrealized depreciation in its portfolio. The effect of all of these factors on the Company's portfolio may reduce the Company's net asset value by increasing net unrealized depreciation in the Company's portfolio. Depending on market conditions, the Company could incur substantial realized losses and may suffer additional unrealized losses in future periods, which could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

If the Company is unable to make follow-on investments in its portfolio companies, the value of the Company's investment portfolio could be adversely affected.

        Following an initial investment in a portfolio company, the Company may make additional investments in that portfolio company as "follow-on" investments, in order to (i) increase or maintain in whole or in part its equity ownership percentage, (ii) exercise warrants, options or convertible securities that were acquired in the original or subsequent financing or (iii) attempt to preserve or enhance the value of its investment. The Company may elect not to make follow-on investments or may otherwise lack sufficient funds to make these investments. The Company has the discretion to make follow-on investments, subject to the availability of capital resources. If the Company fails to make follow-on investments, the continued viability of a portfolio company and its investment may, in some circumstances, be jeopardized and we could miss an opportunity for the Company to increase its participation in a successful operation. Even if the Company has sufficient capital to make a desired

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follow-on investment, it may elect not to make a follow-on investment because it may not want to increase its concentration of risk, either because it prefers other opportunities or because it is subject to BDC requirements that would prevent such follow-on investments or such follow-on investments would adversely impact its ability to maintain its RIC status.

The Company's portfolio companies may incur debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, its investments in such companies.

        The Company invests in portfolio companies at all levels of the capital structure. The Company's portfolio companies may have, or may be permitted to incur, other debt that ranks equally with, or senior to, the debt in which the Company invests. By their terms, these debt instruments may entitle the holders to receive payment of interest or principal on or before the dates on which the Company is entitled to receive payments with respect to the debt instruments in which it invests. In addition, in the event of insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of a portfolio company, holders of debt instruments ranking senior to the Company's investment in that portfolio company would typically be entitled to receive payment in full before it receives any distribution. After repaying the senior creditors, the portfolio company may not have any remaining assets to use for repaying its obligation to the Company. In the case of debt ranking equally with debt instruments in which the Company invests, it would have to share on an equal basis any distributions with other creditors holding such debt in the event of an insolvency, liquidation, dissolution, reorganization or bankruptcy of the relevant portfolio company.

The disposition of the Company's investments may result in contingent liabilities.

        Most of the Company's investments will involve private securities. In connection with the disposition of an investment in private securities, the Company may be required to make representations about the business and financial affairs of the portfolio company typical of those made in connection with the sale of a business. The Company may also be required to indemnify the purchasers of such investment to the extent that any such representations turn out to be inaccurate or with respect to certain potential liabilities. These arrangements may result in contingent liabilities that ultimately yield funding obligations that must be satisfied through the Company's return of certain distributions previously made to it.

There may be circumstances where the Company's debt investments could be subordinated to claims of other creditors or the Company could be subject to lender liability claims.

        Even though the Company may have structured certain of its investments as senior loans, if one of its portfolio companies were to go bankrupt, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which the Company actually provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company, a bankruptcy court might re-characterize its debt investment and subordinate all or a portion of the Company's claim to that of other creditors. The Company may also be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by it with respect to a borrower's business or instances where it exercises control over the borrower. It is possible that the Company could become subject to a lender's liability claim, including as a result of actions taken in rendering significant managerial assistance.

Second priority liens on collateral securing loans that the Company makes to its portfolio companies may be subject to control by senior creditors with first priority liens. If there is a default, the value of the collateral may not be sufficient to repay in full both the first priority creditors and the Company.

        Certain loans to portfolio companies will be secured on a second priority basis by the same collateral securing senior secured debt of such companies. The first priority liens on the collateral will secure the portfolio company's obligations under any outstanding senior debt and may secure certain other future debt that may be permitted to be incurred by the portfolio company under the agreements

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governing the loans. The holders of obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral will generally control the liquidation of and be entitled to receive proceeds from any realization of the collateral to repay their obligations in full before the Company. In addition, the value of the collateral in the event of liquidation will depend on market and economic conditions, the availability of buyers and other factors. There can be no assurance that the proceeds, if any, from the sale or sales of all of the collateral would be sufficient to satisfy the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens after payment in full of all obligations secured by the first priority liens on the collateral. If such proceeds are not sufficient to repay amounts outstanding under the loan obligations secured by the second priority liens, then the Company, to the extent not repaid from the proceeds of the sale of the collateral, will only have an unsecured claim against the portfolio company's remaining assets, if any.

        The rights the Company may have with respect to the collateral securing the loans it makes to its portfolio companies with senior debt outstanding may also be limited pursuant to the terms of one or more intercreditor agreements entered into with the holders of first priority senior debt. Under an intercreditor agreement, at any time that obligations that have the benefit of the first priority liens are outstanding, any of the following actions that may be taken in respect of the collateral will be at the direction of the holders of the obligations secured by the first priority liens: the ability to cause the commencement of enforcement proceedings against the collateral, the ability to control the conduct of such proceedings, the approval of amendments to collateral documents; releases of liens on the collateral and waivers of past defaults under collateral documents. The Company may not have the ability to control or direct these actions, even if its rights are adversely affected.

The Company generally does not control its portfolio companies.

        The Company does not, and does not expect to, control most of its portfolio companies, even though the Company may have board representation or board observation rights, and its debt agreements may contain certain restrictive covenants that limit the business and operations of its portfolio companies. As a result, the Company is subject to the risk that a portfolio company may make business decisions with which the Company disagrees and the management of such company, may take risks or otherwise act in ways that do not serve the Company's interests as debt investors. Due to the lack of liquidity of the investments that the Company typically holds in its portfolio companies, it may not be able to dispose of its investments in the event that the Company disagrees with the actions of a portfolio company as readily as it would otherwise like to or at favorable prices which could decrease the value of its investments.

Economic recessions, downturns or government spending cuts could impair the Company's portfolio companies and harm its operating results.

        Many of the Company's portfolio companies may be susceptible to economic slowdowns or recessions and may be unable to repay its debt investments during these periods. Therefore, the Company's non-performing assets are likely to increase, and the value of the Company's portfolio is likely to decrease during these periods. Adverse economic conditions also may decrease the value of collateral securing some of the Company's debt investments and the value of its equity investments. Economic slowdowns or recessions could lead to financial losses in the Company's portfolio and a decrease in revenues, net income and assets. Unfavorable economic conditions also could increase the Company's funding costs, limit the Company's access to the capital markets or result in a decision by lenders not to extend credit to the Company. These events could prevent the Company from increasing investments and harm its operating results.

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A number of the Company's portfolio companies provide services to the U.S. government. Changes in the U.S. government's priorities and spending, or significant delays or reductions in appropriations of the U.S. government's funds, could have a material adverse effect on the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of such portfolio companies.

        A number of the Company's portfolio companies derive a substantial portion of their revenue from the U.S. government. Levels of the U.S. government's spending in future periods are very difficult to predict and subject to significant risks. In addition, significant budgetary constraints may result in further reductions to projected spending levels. In particular, U.S. government expenditures are subject to the potential for automatic reductions, generally referred to as "sequestration." Sequestration occurred during 2013, and may occur again in the future, resulting in significant additional reductions to spending by the U.S. government on both existing and new contracts as well as disruption of ongoing programs. Even if sequestration does not occur again in the future, we expect that budgetary constraints and ongoing concerns regarding the U.S. national debt will continue to place downward pressure on U.S. government spending levels. Due to these and other factors, overall U.S. government spending could decline, which could result in significant reductions to the revenues, cash flow and profits of the Company's portfolio companies that provide services to the U.S. government.

Defaults by the Company's portfolio companies may harm its operating results.

        A portfolio company's failure to satisfy financial or operating covenants imposed by the Company or other lenders could lead to defaults and, potentially, termination of its loans and foreclosure on its secured assets, which could trigger cross-defaults under other agreements and jeopardize a portfolio company's ability to meet its obligations under the debt or equity securities that the Company holds.

        The Company may incur expenses to the extent necessary to seek recovery upon default or to negotiate new terms, which may include the waiver of certain financial covenants, with a defaulting portfolio company. In addition, lenders in certain cases can be subject to lender liability claims for actions taken by them when they become too involved in the borrower's business or exercise control over a borrower. It is possible that the Company could become subject to a lender's liability claim, including as a result of actions taken if it renders significant managerial assistance to the borrower. Furthermore, if one of the Company's portfolio companies were to file for bankruptcy protection, even though the Company may have structured its investment as senior secured debt, depending on the facts and circumstances, including the extent to which the Company provided managerial assistance to that portfolio company, a bankruptcy court might re-characterize its debt holding and subordinate all or a portion of the Company's claim to claims of other creditors.

Prepayments of the Company's debt investments by its portfolio companies could adversely impact the Company's results of operations and reduce its return on equity.

        The Company is subject to the risk that the investments it makes in its portfolio companies may be repaid prior to maturity. When this occurs, subject to maintenance of the Company's RIC status, the Company will generally reinvest these proceeds in temporary investments, pending its future investment in new portfolio companies. These temporary investments will typically have substantially lower yields than the debt being prepaid and the Company could experience significant delays in reinvesting these amounts. Any future investment in a new portfolio company may also be at lower yields than the debt that was repaid. As a result, the Company's results of operations could be materially adversely affected if one or more of its portfolio companies elect to prepay amounts owed to the Company. Additionally, prepayments could negatively impact the Company's return on equity, which could result in a decline in the market price of its common stock.

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The Company may not realize gains from its equity investments.

        When the Company invests in portfolio companies, it may acquire warrants or other equity securities of portfolio companies as well. The Company may also invest in equity securities directly. To the extent the Company holds equity investments, it will attempt to dispose of them and realize gains upon its disposition of them. However, the equity interests the Company receives may not appreciate in value and, in fact, may decline in value. As a result, the Company may not be able to realize gains from its equity interests, and any gains that it does realize on the disposition of any equity interests may not be sufficient to offset any other losses it experiences. The Company also may be unable to realize any value if a portfolio company does not have a liquidity event, such as a sale of the business, recapitalization or public offering, which would allow the Company to sell the underlying equity interests.

The performance of the Company's portfolio companies may differ from its historical performance as its current investment strategy includes significantly more primary originations in addition to secondary market purchases.

        Historically, the Company's investment strategy consisted primarily of secondary market purchases in debt securities. The Company adjusted its investment strategy to also include significantly more primary originations. While loans the Company originates and loans it purchases in the secondary market face many of the same risks associated with the financing of leveraged companies, the Company may be exposed to different risks depending on specific business considerations for secondary market purchases or origination of loans. Primary originations require substantially more time and resources for sourcing, diligencing and monitoring investments, which may consume a significant portion of the Company's resources. Further, the valuation process for primary originations may be more cumbersome and uncertain due to the lack of comparable market quotes for the investment and would likely require more frequent review by a third-party valuation firm. This may result in greater costs for the Company and fluctuations in the quarterly valuations of investments that are primary originations. As a result, this strategy may result in different returns from these investments than the types of returns the Company has historically experienced from secondary market purchases of debt securities.

The Company may be subject to additional risks if it invests in foreign securities and/or engages in hedging transactions.

        The 1940 Act generally requires that 70.0% of the Company's investments be in issuers each of whom is organized under the laws of, and has its principal place of business in, any state of the U.S., the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands or any other possession of the U.S. The Company's investment strategy does not presently contemplate significant investments in securities of non-U.S. companies. However, the Company may desire to make such investments in the future, to the extent that such transactions and investments are permitted under the 1940 Act. The Company expects that these investments would focus on the same types of investments that it makes in U.S. middle market companies and accordingly would be complementary to its overall strategy and enhance the diversity of its holdings. Investing in foreign companies could expose the Company to additional risks not typically associated with investing in U.S. companies. These risks include changes in exchange control regulations, political and social instability, expropriation, imposition of foreign taxes, less liquid markets and less available information than is generally the case in the U.S., higher transaction costs, less government supervision of exchanges, brokers and issuers, less developed bankruptcy laws, difficulty in enforcing contractual obligations, lack of uniform accounting and auditing standards and greater price volatility. Investments denominated in foreign currencies would be subject to the risk that the value of a particular currency will change in relation to one or more other currencies. Among the factors that may affect currency values are trade balances, the level of short-term interest rates, differences in relative values of similar assets in different currencies, long-term opportunities for

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investment and capital appreciation and political developments. The Company may employ hedging techniques to minimize these risks, but it can offer no assurance that it will, in fact, hedge currency risk, or that if it does, such strategies will be effective.

        Engaging in hedging transactions would also, indirectly, entail additional risks to the Company's stockholders. Although it is not currently anticipated that the Company would engage in hedging transactions as a principal investment strategy, if the Company determined to engage in hedging transactions it generally would seek to hedge against fluctuations of the relative values of its portfolio positions from changes in market interest rates or currency exchange rates. Hedging against a decline in the values of the Company's portfolio positions would not eliminate the possibility of fluctuations in the values of such positions or prevent losses if the values of the positions declined. However, such hedging could establish other positions designed to gain from those same developments, thereby offsetting the decline in the value of such portfolio positions.

        These hedging transactions could also limit the opportunity for gain if the values of the underlying portfolio positions increased. Moreover, it might not be possible to hedge against an exchange rate or interest rate fluctuation that was so generally anticipated that the Company would not be able to enter into a hedging transaction at an acceptable price. If the Company chooses to engage in hedging transactions, there can be no assurances that the Company will achieve the intended benefits of such transactions and, depending on the degree of exposure such transactions could create, such transactions may expose the Company to risk of loss.

        While the Company may enter into these types of transactions to seek to reduce currency exchange rate and interest rate risks, unanticipated changes in currency exchange rates or interest rates could result in poorer overall investment performance than if it had not engaged in any such hedging transactions. In addition, the degree of correlation between price movements of the instruments used in a hedging strategy and price movements in the portfolio positions being hedged could vary. Moreover, for a variety of reasons, the Company might not seek to establish a perfect correlation between the hedging instruments and the portfolio holdings being hedged. Any imperfect correlation could prevent the Company from achieving the intended hedge and expose the Company to risk of loss. In addition, it might not be possible to hedge fully or perfectly against currency fluctuations affecting the value of securities denominated in non-U.S. currencies because the value of those securities would likely fluctuate as a result of factors not related to currency fluctuations.

Uncertainty relating to the LIBOR calculation process may adversely affect the value of the Company's portfolio of LIBOR-indexed, floating-rate debt securities.

        Concerns have been publicized that some of the member banks surveyed by the British Bankers' Association ("BBA") in connection with the calculation of LIBOR across a range of maturities and currencies may have been under-reporting or otherwise manipulating the inter-bank lending rate applicable to them in order to profit on their derivatives positions or to avoid an appearance of capital insufficiency or adverse reputational or other consequences that may have resulted from reporting inter-bank lending rates higher than those they actually submitted. A number of BBA member banks have entered into settlements with their regulators and law enforcement agencies with respect to alleged manipulation of LIBOR, and investigations by regulators and governmental authorities in various jurisdictions are ongoing.

        Actions by the BBA, regulators or law enforcement agencies may result in changes to the manner in which LIBOR is determined. Uncertainty as to the nature of such potential changes may adversely affect the market for LIBOR-based securities, including the Company's portfolio of LIBOR-indexed, floating-rate debt securities. In addition, any further changes or reforms to the determination or supervision of LIBOR may result in a sudden or prolonged increase or decrease in reported LIBOR,

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which could have an adverse impact on the market for LIBOR-based securities or the value of the Company's portfolio of LIBOR-indexed, floating-rate debt securities.

RISKS RELATING TO THE COMPANY'S SECURITIES

The market price of the Company's common stock may fluctuate significantly.

        The market price and liquidity of the market for shares of the Company's common stock may be significantly affected by numerous factors, some of which are beyond our control and may not be directly related to the Company's operating performance. These factors include:

        In addition, the Company is required to continue to meet certain listing standards in order for its common stock to remain listed on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE"). If the Company were to be delisted by the NYSE, the liquidity of its common stock would be materially impaired.

Investing in the Company's common stock may involve an above average degree of risk.

        The investments the Company may make may result in a higher amount of risk, volatility or loss of principal than alternative investment options. These investments in portfolio companies may be highly speculative and aggressive, and therefore, an investment in the Company's common stock may not be suitable for investors with lower risk tolerance.

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Sales of substantial amounts of the Company's common stock in the public market may have an adverse effect on the market price of its common stock.

        Sales of substantial amounts of the Company's common stock could materially adversely affect the prevailing market prices for its common stock. If substantial amounts of the Company's common stock were sold, this could impair its ability to raise additional capital through the sale of securities should the Company desire to do so.

Certain provisions of the Company's certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as aspects of the Delaware General Corporation Law could deter takeover attempts and have an adverse impact on the price of the Company's common stock.

        The Company's certificate of incorporation and bylaws as well as the Delaware General Corporation Law contain provisions that may have the effect of discouraging a third party from making an acquisition proposal for us. Among other things, the Company's certificate of incorporation and bylaws:

        These anti-takeover provisions may inhibit a change in control in circumstances that could give the holders of the Company's common stock the opportunity to realize a premium over the market price for its common stock. The Holdings Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility also include covenants that, among other things, restrict its ability to dispose of assets, incur additional indebtedness, make restricted payments, create liens on assets, make investments, make acquisitions and engage in mergers or consolidations. The Holdings Credit Facility and NMFC Credit Facility also include change of control provisions that accelerate the indebtedness under these facilities in the event of certain change of control events.

Shares of the Company's common stock have traded at a discount from net asset value and may do so in the future.

        Shares of closed-end investment companies have frequently traded at a market price that is less than the net asset value that is attributable to those shares. In part as a result of adverse economic conditions and increasing pressure within the financial sector of which the Company is a part, its common stock has at times traded below its net asset value per share since the Company's IPO on May 19, 2011. The Company's shares could once again trade at a discount to net asset value. The possibility that its shares of common stock may trade at a discount from net asset value over the long term is separate and distinct from the risk that the Company's net asset value will decrease. The Company cannot predict whether shares of its common stock will trade above, at or below its net asset

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value. If its common stock trades below its net asset value, the Company will generally not be able to issue additional shares of its common stock at its market price without first obtaining the approval for such issuance from its stockholders and its independent directors. If additional funds are not available to the Company, the Company could be forced to curtail or cease the Company's new lending and investment activities, and the Company's net asset value could decrease and the Company's level of distributions could be impacted.

You may not receive dividends or the Company's dividends may decline or may not grow over time.

        The Company cannot assure you that the Company will achieve investment results or maintain a tax status that will allow or require any specified level of cash distributions or year-to-year increases in cash distributions. In particular, the Company's future dividends are dependent upon the investment income it receives on the Company's portfolio investments. To the extent such investment income declines, the Company's ability to pay future dividends may be harmed.

If the Company issues preferred stock, the net asset value and market value of its common stock will likely become more volatile.

        We cannot assure you that the issuance of preferred stock would result in a higher yield or return to the holders of the Company's common stock. The issuance of preferred stock would likely cause the net asset value and market value of the common stock to become more volatile. If the dividend rate on the preferred stock were to approach the net rate of return on the Company's investment portfolio, the benefit of leverage to the holders of the common stock would be reduced. If the dividend rate on the preferred stock were to exceed the net rate of return on the Company's portfolio, the leverage would result in a lower rate of return to the holders of common stock than if we had not issued preferred stock. Any decline in the net asset value of the Company's investments would be borne entirely by the holders of common stock. Therefore, if the market value of the Company's portfolio were to decline, the leverage would result in a greater decrease in net asset value to the holders of common stock than if we were not leveraged through the issuance of preferred stock. This greater net asset value decrease would also tend to cause a greater decline in the market price for the common stock. We might be in danger of failing to maintain the required asset coverage of the preferred stock or of losing our ratings, if any, on the preferred stock or, in an extreme case, the Company's current investment income might not be sufficient to meet the dividend requirements on the preferred stock. In order to counteract such an event, we might need to liquidate investments in order to fund a redemption of some or all of the preferred stock. In addition, we would pay (and the holders of common stock would bear) all costs and expenses relating to the issuance and ongoing maintenance of the preferred stock, including higher advisory fees if the Company's total return exceeds the dividend rate on the preferred stock. Holders of preferred stock may have different interests than holders of common stock and may at times have disproportionate influence over our affairs.

Holders of any preferred stock the Company might issue would have the right to elect members of our board of directors and class voting rights on certain matters.

        Holders of any preferred stock we might issue, voting separately as a single class, would have the right to elect two members of our board of directors at all times and in the event dividends become two full years in arrears would have the right to elect a majority of the directors until such arrearage is completely eliminated. In addition, preferred stockholders have class voting rights on certain matters, including changes in fundamental investment restrictions and conversion to open-end status, and accordingly can veto any such changes. Restrictions imposed on the declarations and payment of dividends or other distributions to the holders of the Company's common stock and preferred stock, both by the 1940 Act and by requirements imposed by rating agencies, if any, or the terms of the Company's credit facilities, if any, might impair the Company's ability to maintain its qualification as a

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RIC for U.S. federal income tax purposes. While we would intend to redeem the Company's preferred stock to the extent necessary to enable the Company to distribute its income as required to maintain our qualification as a RIC, there can be no assurance that such actions could be effected in time to meet the tax requirements.

Item 1B.    Unresolved Staff Comments

        Not applicable.

Item 2.    Properties

        We do not own any real estate or other physical properties materially important to our operations. Our principal executive offices are located at 787 Seventh Avenue, 48th Floor, New York, New York 10019, where we occupy our office space pursuant to our Administration Agreement with the Administrator. The office space is shared with our Investment Adviser, our Administrator and New Mountain Capital. We believe that our current office facilities are suitable and adequate for our business as currently conducted.

Item 3.    Legal Proceedings

        The Company, the Company's consolidated subsidiaries, the Investment Adviser and the Administrator are not currently subject to any material pending legal proceedings threatened against us as of December 31, 2014. From time to time, we may be a party to certain legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of our business including the enforcement of our rights under contracts with our portfolio companies. While the outcome of these legal proceedings cannot be predicted with certainty, we do not expect that these proceedings will have a material effect upon our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Item 4.    Mine Safety Disclosures

        Not applicable.

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PART II

Item 5.    Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Price Range of Common Stock and Distributions

        New Mountain Finance Corporation's ("NMFC", the "Company", "we", "us" or "our") common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") under the symbol "NMFC". The following table sets forth the net asset value ("NAV") per share of NMFC's common stock, the high and low closing sale price for NMFC's common stock, the closing sale price as a percentage of NAV and the quarterly dividend distributions per share for each fiscal quarter since the Company's initial public offering ("IPO") on May 19, 2011.

 
   
  Closing Sales
Price(3)
  Premium or
Discount of
High Closing
Sales to
NAV(4)
  Premium or
Discount of
Low Closing
Sales to
NAV(4)
   
 
 
  NAV Per
Share(2)
  Declared
Dividends
Per Share(5)
 
Fiscal Year Ended
  High   Low  

December 31, 2014

                                     

Fourth Quarter

  $ 13.83   $ 15.09   $ 14.14     9.11 %   2.24 % $ 0.34  

Third Quarter

  $ 14.33   $ 15.39   $ 14.48     7.40 %   1.05 % $ 0.46 (7)

Second Quarter

  $ 14.65   $ 14.89   $ 13.91     1.64 %   (5.05 )% $ 0.34  

First Quarter

  $ 14.53   $ 15.19   $ 14.46     4.54 %   (0.48 )% $ 0.34  

December 31, 2013

                                     

Fourth Quarter

  $ 14.38   $ 15.19   $ 14.05     5.63 %   (2.29 )% $ 0.34  

Third Quarter

  $ 14.32   $ 14.90   $ 14.21     4.05 %   (0.77 )% $ 0.46 (8)

Second Quarter

  $ 14.32   $ 15.60   $ 13.82     8.94 %   (3.49 )% $ 0.34  

First Quarter

  $ 14.31   $ 15.45   $ 14.30     7.97 %   (0.07 )% $ 0.34  

December 31, 2012

                                     

Fourth Quarter

  $ 14.06   $ 15.18   $ 13.75     7.97 %   (2.20 )% $ 0.48 (9)

Third Quarter

  $ 14.10   $ 15.50   $ 14.18     9.93 %   0.57 % $ 0.34  

Second Quarter

  $ 13.83   $ 14.29   $ 13.28     3.33 %   (3.98 )% $ 0.57 (10)

First Quarter

  $ 14.05   $ 13.75   $ 13.14     (2.14 )%   (6.48 )% $ 0.32  

December 31, 2011(1)

                                     

Fourth Quarter

  $ 13.60   $ 13.41   $ 12.27     (1.40 )%   (9.78 )% $ 0.30  

Third Quarter

  $ 13.32   $ 13.37   $ 10.77     0.38 %   (19.14 )% $ 0.29  

Second Quarter(6)

  $ 14.25   $ 13.55   $ 12.35     (4.91 )%   (13.33 )% $ 0.27  

(1)
The Company was not unitized until the IPO date of May 19, 2011.

(2)
NAV is determined as of the last date in the relevant quarter and therefore may not reflect the NAV per share on the date of the high and low sales prices. The NAVs shown are based on outstanding shares at the end of each period.

(3)
Closing sales price is determined as the high or low closing sales price noted within the respective quarter, not adjusted for dividends.

(4)
Calculated as of the respective high or low closing sales price divided by the quarter end NAV.

(5)
Represents the dividend declared for the specified quarter.

(6)
Period from May 19, 2011 through June 30, 2011 (excludes IPO price of $13.75).

(7)
Includes a special dividend of $0.12 per share paid on September 3, 2014 and a third quarter dividend of $0.34 per share paid on September 30, 2014.

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(8)
Includes a special dividend of $0.12 per share paid on August 30, 2013 and a third quarter dividend of $0.34 per share paid on September 30, 2013.

(9)
Includes a fourth quarter dividend of $0.34 per share paid on December 28, 2012 and a special dividend of $0.14 per share paid on January 31, 2013.

(10)
Includes a special dividend of $0.23 per share paid on May 31, 2012 and a second quarter dividend of $0.34 per share paid on June 29, 2012.

        On February 27, 2015, the last reported sales price of NMFC's common stock was $14.89 per share. As of February 27, 2015, the Company had approximately 27 stockholders of record and one beneficial owner whose shares are held in the names of brokers, dealers, funds, trusts and clearing agencies.

Dividends

        The Company intends to pay quarterly distributions to its stockholders and to maintain its status as a regulated investment company ("RIC"). The Company intends to distribute approximately its entire Adjusted Net Investment Income (defined as net investment income adjusted to reflect income as if the cost basis of investments held at the IPO date had stepped-up to fair market value as of the IPO date) on a quarterly basis and substantially all of its taxable income on an annual basis, except that the Company may retain certain net capital gains for reinvestment.

        The Company maintains an "opt out" dividend reinvestment plan for its common stockholders. As a result, the Company's stockholders' cash dividends will be automatically reinvested in additional shares of common stock, unless the stockholder elects to receive cash. Cash dividends reinvested in additional shares of the Company's common stock will be automatically reinvested by the Company into additional shares of the Company's common stock.

        The Company applies the following in implementing the dividend reinvestment plan. If the price at which newly issued shares are to be credited to stockholders' accounts is greater than 110.0% of the last determined NAV of the shares, the Company will use only newly issued shares to implement its dividend reinvestment plan. Under such circumstances, the number of shares to be issued to a stockholder is determined by dividing the total dollar amount of the distribution payable to such stockholder by the market price per share of the Company's common stock on the NYSE on the distribution payment date. Market price per share on that date will be the closing price for such shares on the NYSE or, if no sale is reported for such day, the average of their electronically reported bid and asked prices.

        If the price at which newly issued shares are to be credited to stockholders' accounts is less than 110.0% of the last determined NAV of the shares, the Company will either issue new shares or instruct the plan administrator to purchase shares in the open market to satisfy the additional shares required. Shares purchased in open market transactions by the plan administrator will be allocated to a stockholder based on the average purchase price, excluding any brokerage charges or other charges, of all shares of common stock purchased in the open market. The number of shares of the Company's common stock to be outstanding after giving effect to payment of the distribution cannot be established until the value per share at which additional shares will be issued has been determined and elections of its stockholders have been tabulated. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies for additional information.

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        The following table reflects the Company's cash distributions, including dividends and returns of capital, if any, per share that have been declared by the Company's board of directors since the Company's IPO:

Date Declared
  Record Date   Payment Date   Amount  

November 4, 2014

  December 16, 2014   December 30, 2014   $ 0.34  

August 5, 2014

  September 16, 2014   September 30, 2014     0.34  

July 30, 2014

  August 20, 2014   September 3, 2014     0.12 (1)

May 6, 2014

  June 16, 2014   June 30, 2014     0.34  

March 4, 2014

  March 17, 2014   March 31, 2014     0.34  

          $ 1.48  

November 8, 2013

 

December 17, 2013

 

December 31, 2013

 
$

0.34
 

August 7, 2013

  September 16, 2013   September 30, 2013     0.34  

August 7, 2013

  August 20, 2013   August 30, 2013     0.12 (2)

May 6, 2013

  June 14, 2013   June 28, 2013     0.34  

March 6, 2013

  March 15, 2013   March 28, 2013     0.34  

          $ 1.48  

December 27, 2012

 

December 31, 2012

 

January 31, 2013

 
$

0.14

(3)

November 6, 2012

  December 14, 2012   December 28, 2012     0.34  

August 8, 2012

  September 14, 2012   September 28, 2012     0.34  

May 8, 2012

  June 15, 2012   June 29, 2012     0.34  

May 8, 2012

  May 21, 2012   May 31, 2012     0.23 (4)

March 7, 2012

  March 15, 2012   March 30, 2012     0.32  

          $ 1.71  

November 8, 2011

 

December 15, 2011

 

December 30, 2011

 
$

0.30
 

August 10, 2011

  September 15, 2011   September 30, 2011     0.29  

August 10, 2011

  August 22, 2011   August 31, 2011     0.27  

          $ 0.86  

Total

          $ 5.53  

(1)
Special dividend related to realized capital gains attributable to the Company's warrant investments in Learning Care Group (US), Inc.

(2)
Special dividend related to a distribution received attributable to New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C.'s ("NMF Holdings" or the "Predecessor Operating Company") investment in YP Equity Investors LLC.

(3)
Special dividend intended to minimize to the greatest extent possible the Company's U.S. federal income or excise tax liability.

(4)
Special dividend related to estimated realized capital gains attributable to the Predecessor Operating Company's investments in Lawson Software, Inc. and Infor Lux Bond Company.

        Tax characteristics of all dividends paid by the Company were reported to stockholders on Form 1099 after the end of the calendar year. Future quarterly dividends, if any, for the Company will be determined by the board of directors.

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Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

        We did not engage in unregistered sales of securities during the year ended December 31, 2014.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

        For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company did not purchase any of its common stock in the open market.

Stock Performance Graph

        This graph compares the return on the Company's common stock with that of the Standard & Poor's 500 Total Return Index ("S&P 500 TR") and the Russell 2000 Index Total Return ("Russell 2000 TR") as we do not believe that there is an appropriate index of companies with an investment strategy similar to our own with which to compare the return on the Company's common stock, for the period May 19, 2011 (commencement of operations) to December 31, 2014. The graph assumes that, on May 19, 2011, a person invested $100 in each of the Company's common stock, the S&P 500 TR and the Russell 2000 TR. The graph measures total stockholder return, which takes into account both changes in stock price and dividends. It assumes that dividends paid are invested in like securities.


Comparison of Cumulative Total Return Among NMFC, S&P 500 TR and Russell 2000 TR

GRAPHIC

        The graph and other information furnished under this Part II Item 5 of this Form 10-K shall not be deemed to be "soliciting material" or to be filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission or subject to Regulation 14A or 14C, or to the liabilities of Section 18 of the "1934" Act. The stock price performance included in the above graph is not necessarily indicative of future stock performance.

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Item 6.    Selected Financial Data

        The selected financial data should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and Item 7.—Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in this report. Financial information for the years ended December 31, 2014, December 31, 2013, December 31, 2012, December 31, 2011, December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, has been derived from the Company's consolidated financial statements that were audited by Deloitte & Touche LLP ("Deloitte"), an independent registered public accounting firm.

        The below selected financial and other data is for NMFC.

 
   
   
   
  Period from
May 19, 2011
(commencement
of operations)
to December 31,
2011
 
 
  Years ended December 31,  
New Mountain Finance Corporation
  2014   2013   2012  

Statement of Operations Data:

                         

Investment income

  $ 91,923   $   $   $  

Investment income allocated from NMF Holdings

    43,678     90,876   $ 37,511   $ 13,669  

Net expenses

    34,727              

Net expenses allocated from NMF Holdings

    20,808     40,355     17,719     5,324  

Net investment income

    80,066     50,521     19,792     8,345  

Net realized gains on investments

    357              

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses) allocated from NMF Holdings

    9,508     11,443     12,087     (4,235 )

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments

    (43,863 )            

Provision for taxes

    (493 )            

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investment in NMF Holdings

        (44 )   (95 )   6,221  

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

    45,575     61,920     31,784     10,331  

Per share data:

                         

Net asset value

  $ 13.83   $ 14.38   $ 14.06   $ 13.60  

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations (basic)

    0.88     1.76     2.14     0.97  

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations (diluted)(1)

    0.86     1.76     2.14     0.38  

Dividends declared(2)

    1.48     1.48     1.71     0.86  

Balance sheet data:

                         

Total assets

  $ 1,514,920   $ 650,107   $ 345,331   $ 145,487  

Holdings Credit Facility

    468,108     N/A     N/A     N/A  

Convertible Notes

    115,000     N/A     N/A     N/A  

NMFC Credit Facility

    50,000     N/A     N/A     N/A  

SBA-guaranteed debentures

    37,500     N/A     N/A     N/A  

Total net assets

    802,170     650,107     341,926     145,487  

Other data:

                         

Total return at market value(3)

    9.66 %   11.62 %   24.84 %   4.16 %

Total return at net asset value(4)

    6.56 %   13.27 %   16.61 %   2.82 %

Number of portfolio companies at period end

    71     N/A     N/A     N/A  

Total new investments for the period(5)

  $ 720,871     N/A     N/A     N/A  

Investment sales and repayments for the period(5)

  $ 384,568     N/A     N/A     N/A  

Weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost on debt portfolio at period end (unaudited)(6)

    10.70 %   N/A     N/A     N/A  

Weighted average shares outstanding for the period (basic)

    51,846,164     35,092,722     14,860,838     10,697,691  

Portfolio turnover(5)

    29.51 %   N/A     N/A     N/A  

(1)
In applying the if-converted method, conversion is not assumed for purposes of computing diluted earnings per share if the effect would be anti-dilutive. For the year ended December 31, 2014, there was no anti-dilution. For the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, due to reflecting earnings for the full year of operations of the Predecessor Operating Company assuming 100.0% NMFC ownership of Predecessor Operating Company and assuming all of New Mountain Finance AIV Holdings Corporation's ("AIV Holdings") units in the Predecessor Operating Company were

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(2)
Dividends declared in the year ended December 31, 2014 include a $0.12 per share special dividend related to realized capital gains attributable to the Company's warrant investments in Learning Care Group (US), Inc. Dividends declared in the year ended December 31, 2013 include a $0.12 per share special dividend related to a distribution received attributable to the Predecessor Operating Company's investment in YP Equity Investors LLC. Dividends declared in the year ended December 31, 2012 include a $0.23 per share special dividend related to estimated realized capital gains attributable to the Predecessor Operating Company's investments in Lawson Software, Inc. and Infor Lux Bond Company and a $0.14 per share special dividend intended to minimize to the greatest extent possible NMFC's U.S. federal income or excise tax liability.

(3)
For the years ended December 31, 2014, December 31, 2013, December 31, 2012 and for the period May 19, 2011 to December 31, 2011, total return is calculated assuming a purchase of common stock at the opening of the first day of the year and assuming a purchase of common stock at initial purchase offering ("IPO"), respectively, and a sale on the closing of the last day of the respective period ends. Dividends and distributions, if any, are assumed for purposes of this calculation, to be reinvested at prices obtained under the Company's dividend reinvestment plan.

(4)
Total return is calculated assuming a purchase at net asset value on the opening of the first day of the period and a sale at net asset value on the last day of the period. Dividends and distributions, if any, are assumed for purposes of this calculation, to be reinvested at the net asset value on the last day of the respective quarter.

(5)
For the year ended December 31, 2014, amounts include the investment activity of the Predecessor Operating Company and the Company.

(6)
The weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost calculation assumes that all investments, including secured collateralized agreements, not on non-accrual are purchased at the adjusted cost on the respective period ends and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. Adjusted cost reflects the cost for post-IPO investments in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and a stepped up cost basis of pre-IPO investments (assuming a step-up to fair market value occurred on the IPO date).

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        As of May 8, 2014, NMFC assumed all operating activities previously undertaken by NMF Holdings. The following table sets forth selected financial and other data for NMF Holdings when it was the Predecessor Operating Company.

 
  Years ended December 31,  
New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C.
  2013   2012   2011   2010   2009  

Statement of Operations Data:

                               

Total investment income

  $ 114,912   $ 85,786   $ 56,523   $ 41,375   $ 21,767  

Net expenses

    51,235     40,569     17,998     3,911     1,359  

Net investment income

    63,677     45,217     38,525     37,464     20,408  

Net realized and unrealized gains (losses)

    15,247     28,779     (6,848 )   26,328     105,272  

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations

    78,924     73,996     31,677     63,792     125,680  

Per unit data:

                               

Net asset value

  $ 14.38   $ 14.06   $ 13.60     N/A     N/A  

Net increase (decrease) in net assets resulting from operations (basic and diluted)

    1.79     2.18     1.02     N/A     N/A  

Dividends declared(1)

    1.48     1.71     0.86     N/A     N/A  

Balance sheet data:

                               

Total assets

  $ 1,147,841   $ 1,025,564   $ 730,579   $ 460,224   $ 330,558  

Holdings Credit Facility

    221,849     206,938     129,038     59,697     77,745  

SLF Credit Facility

    214,668     214,262     165,928     56,936      

Total net assets

    688,516     569,939     420,502     241,927     239,441  

Other data:

                               

Total return at net asset value(2)

    13.27 %   16.61 %   10.09 %   26.54 %   76.38 %

Number of portfolio companies at period end

    59     63     55     43     24  

Total new investments for the period

  $ 529,307   $ 673,218   $ 493,331   $ 332,708   $ 268,382  

Investment sales and repayments for the period

  $ 426,561   $ 423,874   $ 231,962   $ 258,202   $ 125,430  

Weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost on debt portfolio at period end (unaudited)(3)

    11.0 %   10.3 %   10.3 %        

Weighted average Yield to Maturity on debt portfolio at period end (unaudited)(4)

    10.6 %   10.1 %   10.7 %   (5)   (5)

Weighted average Adjusted Yield to Maturity on debt portfolio at period end (unaudited)

    (6)   (6)   13.1 %   12.5 %   12.7 %

Weighted average common membership units outstanding for the period

    44,021,920     34,011,738     30,919,629 (7)   N/A     N/A  

Portfolio turnover

    40.52 %   52.02 %   42.13 %   76.69 %   57.50 %

(1)
Dividends declared in the year ended December 31, 2013 include a $0.12 per unit special dividend related to a distribution received attributable to NMF Holdings' investment in YP Equity Investors LLC. Dividends declared in the year ended December 31, 2012 include a $0.23 per unit special dividend related to estimated realized capital gains attributable to NMF Holdings' investments in Lawson Software, Inc. and Infor Lux Bond Company and a $0.14 per unit special dividend intended to minimize to the greatest extent possible NMFC's U.S. federal income or excise tax liability. Actual cash

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(2)
For the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, total return is calculated assuming a purchase at net asset value on the opening of the first day of the year and a sale at net asset value on the last day of the respective period ends. Dividends and distributions, if any, are assumed for purposes of this calculation, to be reinvested at the net asset value on the last day of the respective quarter. For the year ended December 31, 2011, total return is calculated in two parts: (1) from the opening of the first day of the year to NMFC's IPO date, total return is calculated based on net income over weighted average net assets and (2) from NMFC's IPO date to the last day of the year, total return is calculated assuming a purchase at net asset value on NMFC's IPO date and a sale at net asset value on the last day of the year. Dividends and distributions, if any, are assumed for purposes of this calculation, to be reinvested at the net asset value on the last day of the respective quarter. For the years ended December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, total return is the ratio of net income compared to capital, adjusted for capital contributions and distributions.

(3)
The weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost calculation assumes that all investments not on non-accrual are purchased at the adjusted cost on the respective period ends and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. Adjusted cost reflects the GAAP cost for post-IPO investments and a stepped up cost basis of pre-IPO investments (assuming a step-up to fair market value occurred on the IPO date). The weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost was not calculated prior to NMFC's IPO.

(4)
The weighted average Yield to Maturity calculation assumes that all investments not on non-accrual are purchased at fair value on the respective period ends and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. The weighted average Yield to Maturity was not calculated subsequent to December 31, 2013.

(5)
Prior to NMFC's IPO, for yield calculation purposes, New Mountain Finance SPV Funding, L.L.C. ("NMF SLF") was treated as a fully levered asset of NMF Holdings with NMF SLF's net asset value being included in the yield to maturity calculations. Since NMF SLF is consolidated in accordance with GAAP, at the time of the IPO, NMF Holdings began using the weighted average Yield to Maturity concept instead of the "Adjusted Yield to Maturity" concept for yield calculation purposes.

(6)
"Adjusted Yield to Maturity" assumes that the investments in NMF Holdings' portfolio are purchased at fair value on the respective period ends and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. This calculation excludes the impact of existing leverage, except for the non-recourse debt of NMF SLF. NMF SLF is treated as a fully levered asset of NMF Holdings, with NMF SLF's net asset value being included for yield calculation purposes.

(7)
Weighted average common membership units outstanding presented from May 19, 2011 to December 31, 2011, as the fund became unitized on May 19, 2011, the IPO date.

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Item 7.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

        The information in management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations relates to New Mountain Finance Corporation, including its wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries (collectively, "we", "us", "our", "NMFC" or the "Company").

        The following analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial data and our financial statements and the notes thereto contained in Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data, in this report. See Item 1A.—Risk Factors for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements.

Forward-Looking Statements

        The information contained in this section should be read in conjunction with the financial data and consolidated financial statements and notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report. Some of the statements in this report (including in the following discussion) constitute forward-looking statements, which relate to future events or the future performance or financial condition of the Company. The forward-looking statements contained in this section involve a number of risks and uncertainties, including:

        Forward-looking statements are identified by their use of such terms and phrases such as "anticipate", "believe", "continue", "could", "estimate", "expect", "intend", "may", "plan", "potential", "project", "seek", "should", "target", "will", "would" or similar expressions. Actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements for any reason, including the factors set forth in Item 1A.—Risk Factors contained in this annual report.

        We have based the forward-looking statements included in this report on information available to us on the date of this report. We assume no obligation to update or revise publicly any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law. Although we undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements, you are advised to consult any additional disclosures that we may make directly to you or through reports that we have filed or in the future may file with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"), including annual reports on Form 10-K, registration statements on Form N-2, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K.

Overview

        NMFC is a Delaware corporation that was originally incorporated on June 29, 2010. NMFC is a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that has elected to be regulated as a BDC

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under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the "1940 Act"). As such, NMFC is obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. NMFC has elected to be treated, and intends to comply with the requirements to continue to qualify annually, as a regulated investment company ("RIC") under Subchapter M of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, (the "Code"). NMFC is also registered as an investment adviser under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the "Advisers Act").

        On May 19, 2011, NMFC priced its initial public offering (the "IPO") of 7,272,727 shares of common stock at a public offering price of $13.75 per share. Concurrently with the closing of the IPO and at the public offering price of $13.75 per share, NMFC sold an additional 2,172,000 shares of its common stock to certain executives and employees of, and other individuals affiliated with, New Mountain Capital (defined as New Mountain Capital Group, L.L.C. and its affiliates) in a concurrent private placement (the "Concurrent Private Placement"). Additionally, 1,252,964 shares were issued to the partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P. at that time for their ownership interest in the Predecessor Entities (as defined below). In connection with NMFC's IPO and through a series of transactions, New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C. ("NMF Holdings" or the "Predecessor Operating Company") acquired all of the operations of the Predecessor Entities, including all of the assets and liabilities related to such operations.

        NMF Holdings is a Delaware limited liability company. Until May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings was externally managed and was regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. As such, NMF Holdings was obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. NMF Holdings was treated as a partnership for United States ("U.S.") federal income tax purposes for so long as it had at least two members. With the completion of the underwritten secondary offering on February 3, 2014, NMF Holdings' existence as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes terminated and NMF Holdings became an entity that is disregarded as a separate entity from its owner for U.S. federal tax purposes. For additional information on our organizational structure prior to May 8, 2014, see "—Restructuring".

        Until May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings was externally managed by the Investment Adviser. As of May 8, 2014, the Investment Adviser serves as the external investment adviser to NMFC. New Mountain Finance Administration, L.L.C. (the "Administrator") provides the administrative services necessary for operations. The Investment Adviser and Administrator are wholly-owned subsidiaries of New Mountain Capital. New Mountain Capital is a firm with a track record of investing in the middle market and with assets under management totaling more than $15.0 billion(1), which includes total assets held by the Company. New Mountain Capital focuses on investing in defensive growth companies across its private equity, public equity and credit investment vehicles. NMF Holdings, formerly known as New Mountain Guardian (Leveraged), L.L.C., was originally formed as a subsidiary of New Mountain Guardian AIV, L.P. ("Guardian AIV") by New Mountain Capital in October 2008. Guardian AIV was formed through an allocation of approximately $300.0 million of the $5.1 billion of commitments supporting New Mountain Partners III, L.P., a private equity fund managed by New Mountain Capital. In February 2009, New Mountain Capital formed a co-investment vehicle, New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P., comprising $20.4 million of commitments. New Mountain Guardian (Leveraged), L.L.C. and New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P., together with their respective direct and indirect wholly-owned subsidiaries, are defined as the "Predecessor Entities".

        Prior to December 18, 2014, New Mountain Finance SPV Funding, L.L.C. ("NMF SLF") was a Delaware limited liability company. NMF SLF was a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMF Holdings and thus a wholly-owned indirect subsidiary of the Company. NMF SLF was bankruptcy-remote and non-recourse to NMFC. As part of an amendment to the Company's exisiting credit facilities with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, NMF SLF merged with and into NMF Holdings on

   


(1)
Includes amounts committed, not all of which have been drawn down and invested to date, as of December 31, 2014.

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December 18, 2014. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 7, Borrowings for additional information on the Company's credit facilities.

        Until April 25, 2014, New Mountain Finance AIV Holdings Corporation ("AIV Holdings") was a Delaware corporation that was originally incorporated on March 11, 2011. AIV Holdings was dissolved on April 25, 2014. Guardian AIV, a Delaware limited partnership, was AIV Holdings' sole stockholder. AIV Holdings was a closed-end, non-diversified management investment company that was regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. As such, AIV Holdings was obligated to comply with certain regulatory requirements. AIV Holdings was treated, and complied with the requirements to qualify annually, as a RIC under the Code.

        Prior to the Restructuring (as defined below) on May 8, 2014, NMFC and AIV Holdings were holding companies with no direct operations of their own, and their sole asset was their ownership in NMF Holdings. In connection with the IPO, NMFC and AIV Holdings each entered into a joinder agreement with respect to the Limited Liability Company Agreement, as amended and restated (the "Operating Agreement"), of NMF Holdings, pursuant to which NMFC and AIV Holdings were admitted as members of NMF Holdings. NMFC acquired from NMF Holdings, with the gross proceeds of the IPO and the Concurrent Private Placement, common membership units ("units") of NMF Holdings (the number of units were equal to the number of shares of NMFC's common stock sold in the IPO and the Concurrent Private Placement). Additionally, NMFC received units of NMF Holdings equal to the number of shares of common stock of NMFC issued to the partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P. Guardian AIV was the parent of NMF Holdings prior to the IPO and, as a result of the transactions completed in connection with the IPO, obtained units in NMF Holdings. Guardian AIV contributed its units in NMF Holdings to its newly formed subsidiary, AIV Holdings, in exchange for common stock of AIV Holdings. AIV Holdings had the right to exchange all or any portion of its units in NMF Holdings for shares of NMFC's common stock on a one-for-one basis at any time.

        The original structure was designed to generally prevent NMFC from being allocated taxable income with respect to unrecognized gains that existed at the time of the IPO in the Predecessor Entities' assets, and rather such amounts would be allocated generally to AIV Holdings. The result was that any distributions made to NMFC's stockholders that were attributable to such gains generally were not treated as taxable dividends but rather as return of capital.

        Since NMFC's IPO, and through December 31, 2014, NMFC raised approximately $374.6 million in net proceeds from additional offerings of common stock and issued shares of its common stock valued at approximately $288.4 million on behalf of AIV Holdings for exchanged units. NMFC acquired from NMF Holdings units of NMF Holdings equal to the number of shares of NMFC's common stock sold in additional offerings. With the completion of the final secondary offering on February 3, 2014, NMFC owned 100.0% of the units of NMF Holdings, which became a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMFC.

Restructuring

        As a BDC, AIV Holdings had been subject to the 1940 Act, including certain provisions applicable only to BDCs. Accordingly, and after careful consideration of the 1940 Act requirements applicable to BDCs, the cost of 1940 Act compliance and a thorough assessment of AIV Holdings' business model, AIV Holdings' board of directors had determined that continuation as a BDC was not in the best interests of AIV Holdings and Guardian AIV at the present time. Specifically, given that AIV Holdings was formed for the sole purpose of holding units of NMF Holdings and AIV Holdings had disposed of all of the units of NMF Holdings that it was holding as of February 3, 2014, the board of directors of AIV Holdings approved and declared advisable at an in-person meeting held on March 25, 2014 the withdrawal of AIV Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC under the 1940 Act. In addition, the

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board of directors of AIV Holdings approved and declared advisable for AIV Holdings to terminate its registration under Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act") and to dissolve AIV Holdings under the laws of the State of Delaware.

        Upon receipt of necessary stockholder consent to authorize the board of directors of AIV Holdings to withdraw AIV Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC, the withdrawal was filed and became effective upon receipt by the U.S. SEC of AIV Holdings' notification of withdrawal on Form N-54C on April 15, 2014. The board of directors of AIV Holdings believed that AIV Holdings met the requirements for filing the notification to withdraw its election to be regulated as a BDC, upon the receipt of the necessary stockholder consent. After the notification of withdrawal of AIV Holdings' BDC election was filed with the SEC, AIV Holdings was no longer subject to the regulatory provisions of the 1940 Act applicable to BDCs generally, including regulations related to insurance, custody, composition of its board of directors, affiliated transactions and any compensation arrangements.

        In addition, on April 15, 2014, AIV Holdings filed a Form 15 with the SEC to terminate AIV Holdings' registration under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act. After these SEC filings and any other federal or state regulatory or tax filings were made, AIV Holdings proceeded to dissolve under Delaware law by filing a certificate of dissolution in Delaware on April 25, 2014.

        Until May 8, 2014, as a BDC, NMF Holdings had been subject to the 1940 Act, including certain provisions applicable only to BDCs. Accordingly, and after careful consideration of the 1940 Act requirements applicable to BDCs, the cost of 1940 Act compliance and a thorough assessment of NMF Holdings' current business model, NMF Holdings' board of directors determined at an in-person meeting held on March 25, 2014 that continuation as a BDC was not in the best interests of NMF Holdings at the present time.

        At the 2014 joint annual meeting of the stockholders of NMFC and the sole unit holder of NMF Holdings held on May 6, 2014, the stockholders of NMFC and the sole unit holder of NMF Holdings approved a proposal which authorized the board of directors of NMF Holdings to withdraw NMF Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC. Additionally, the stockholders of NMFC approved a new investment advisory and management agreement between NMFC and the Investment Adviser. Upon receipt of the necessary stockholder/unit holder approval to authorize the board of directors of NMF Holdings to withdraw NMF Holdings' election to be regulated as a BDC, the withdrawal was filed and became effective upon receipt by the SEC of NMF Holdings' notification of withdrawal on Form N-54C on May 8, 2014.

        Effective May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings amended and restated its Operating Agreement such that the board of directors of NMF Holdings was dissolved and NMF Holdings remained a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMFC with the sole purpose of serving as a special purpose vehicle for NMF Holdings' credit facility, and NMFC assumed all other operating activities previously undertaken by NMF Holdings under the management of the Investment Adviser (collectively, the "Restructuring"). After the Restructuring, all wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries of NMFC are consolidated with NMFC for both 1940 Act and financial statement reporting purposes, subject to any financial statement adjustments required in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). NMFC continues to remain a BDC under the 1940 Act.

        Also, on May 8, 2014, NMF Holdings filed Form 15 with the SEC to terminate NMF Holdings' registration under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act. As a special purpose entity, NMF Holdings is bankruptcy-remote and non-recourse to NMFC. In addition, the assets held at NMF Holdings will continue to be used to secure NMF Holdings' credit facility.

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Current Organization

        During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company established wholly-owned subsidiaries, NMF Ancora Holdings Inc. ("NMF Ancora") and NMF YP Holdings Inc. ("NMF YP"), which are structured as Delaware entities that serve as tax blocker corporations which hold equity or equity-like investments in portfolio companies organized as limited liability companies (or other forms of pass-through entities). Tax blocker corporations are not consolidated for income tax purposes and may incur income tax expense as a result of their ownership of portfolio companies. Additionally, the Company has a wholly-owned subsidiary, New Mountain Finance Servicing, L.L.C. ("NMF Servicing") that serves as the administrative agent on certain investment transactions. New Mountain Finance SBIC, L.P. ("SBIC LP"), and its general partner, New Mountain Finance SBIC G.P., L.L.C. ("SBIC GP"), were organized in Delaware as a limited partnership and limited liability company, respectively. SBIC LP and SBIC GP are consolidated wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries of the Company. SBIC LP received a license from the U.S. Small Business Administration (the "SBA") to operate as a small business investment company ("SBIC") under Section 301(c) of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958, as amended (the "1958 Act").

        The diagram below depicts the Company's organizational structure as of December 31, 2014.

GRAPHIC


*
Includes partners of New Mountain Guardian Partners, L.P.

**
NMFC is the sole limited partner of SBIC LP. NMFC, directly or indirectly through SBIC GP, wholly-owns SBIC LP. NMFC owns 100.0% of SBIC GP which owns 1.0% of SBIC LP. NMFC owns 99.0% of SBIC LP.

        The Company's investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation through the sourcing and origination of debt securities at all levels of the capital structure, including first and second lien debt, notes, bonds and mezzanine securities. In some cases, the Company's investments may also include equity interests. The primary focus is in the debt of defensive growth companies, which are defined as generally exhibiting the following characteristics: (i) sustainable secular growth drivers, (ii) high barriers to competitive entry, (iii) high free cash flow after capital expenditure and working capital needs, (iv) high returns on assets and (v) niche market dominance. Similar to the Company, SBIC LP's investment objective is to generate current income and capital appreciation under

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the investment criteria used by the Company, however, SBIC LP's investments must be SBA eligible companies. Our portfolio may be concentrated in a limited number of industries. As of December 31, 2014, our top five industry concentrations were software, business services, education, federal services and healthcare services.

        As of December 31, 2014, the Company's net asset value was $802.2 million and its portfolio had a fair value of approximately $1,424.7 million in 71 portfolio companies, with a weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost of approximately 10.7%. This Yield to Maturity at Cost ("Yield to Maturity at Cost") calculation assumes that all investments, including secured collateralized agreements, not on non-accrual are purchased at the adjusted cost on the quarter end date and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity. Adjusted cost reflects the GAAP cost for post-IPO investments and a stepped up cost basis of pre-IPO investments (assuming a step-up to fair market value occurred on the IPO date). This calculation excludes the impact of existing leverage. Yield to Maturity at Cost uses the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR") curves at each quarter's end date. The actual yield to maturity may be higher or lower due to the future selection of the LIBOR contracts by the individual companies in the Company's portfolio or other factors.

Recent Developments

        On December 31, 2014 and continuing subsequent to the year then ended, the Company's portfolio investment in Edmentum, Inc. disclosed its projected substantial financial deterioration. The Company reflects this information in the valuation of this portfolio investment as of December 31, 2014. All interest due to the Company through the year ended December 31, 2014 has been paid. As more information becomes available, the Company may experience a further mark down of the fair value of this investment. This investment may be placed on non-accrual status in the future. The investment represents 1.1% of the total portfolio at fair value as of December 31, 2014.

        In January 2015, UniTek emerged from "Pre-Packaged" Chapter 11 Bankruptcy and completed its restructuring.

        On February 23, 2015, the Company's board of directors declared a first quarter 2015 distribution of $0.34 per share payable on March 31, 2015 to holders of record as of March 17, 2015.

Critical Accounting Policies

        The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following items as critical accounting policies.

Basis of Accounting

        The Company consolidates its wholly-owned direct and indirect subsidiaries: NMF Holdings, NMF Servicing, SBIC LP, SBIC GP, NMF Ancora and NMF YP. Previously, the Company consolidated its wholly-owned indirect subsidiary NMF SLF until it merged with and into NMF Holdings on December 18, 2014. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 7, Borrowings for additional information on the Company's credit facilities. The Company is an investment company following accounting and reporting guidance as described in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 946, Financial Services—Investment Companies, ("ASC 946"). Prior to the Restructuring, the Predecessor Operating Company consolidated its wholly-owned subsidiary, NMF SLF. NMFC and AIV Holdings did not consolidate the Predecessor Operating Company. Prior to the Restructuring, NMFC and AIV Holdings applied investment company master-feeder financial statement presentation, as described in ASC 946 to their interest in the Predecessor Operating Company. NMFC and AIV

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Holdings observed that it is also industry practice to follow the presentation prescribed for a master fund-feeder fund structure in ASC 946 in instances in which a master fund is owned by more than one feeder fund and that such presentation provided stockholders of NMFC and AIV Holdings with a clearer depiction of their investment in the master fund.

Valuation and Leveling of Portfolio Investments

        At all times consistent with GAAP and the 1940 Act, the Company conducts a valuation of assets, which impacts its net asset value.

        The Company values its assets on a quarterly basis, or more frequently if required under the 1940 Act. In all cases, the Company's board of directors is ultimately and solely responsible for determining the fair value of its portfolio investments on a quarterly basis in good faith, including investments that are not publicly traded, those whose market prices are not readily available and any other situation where its portfolio investments require a fair value determination. Security transactions are accounted for on a trade date basis. The Company's quarterly valuation procedures are set forth in more detail below:

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        For investments in revolving credit facilities and delayed draw commitments, the cost basis of the funded investments purchased is offset by any costs/netbacks received for any unfunded portion on the total balance committed. The fair value is also adjusted for the price appreciation or depreciation on the unfunded portion. As a result, the purchase of commitments not completely funded may result in a negative fair value until it is called and funded.

        The values assigned to investments are based upon available information and do not necessarily represent amounts which might ultimately be realized, since such amounts depend on future circumstances and cannot be reasonably determined until the individual positions are liquidated. Due to the inherent uncertainty of determining the fair value of investments that do not have a readily available market value, the fair value of the Company's investments may fluctuate from period to period and the fluctuations could be material.

        GAAP fair value measurement guidance classifies the inputs used in measuring fair value into three levels as follows:

        The inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels. In all instances when the inputs fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the level within which the fair value measurement is categorized is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. As such, a Level III fair value measurement may include inputs that are both observable (Levels I and II) and unobservable (Level III). Gains and losses for such assets categorized within the Level III table below may include changes in fair value that are attributable to both observable inputs (Levels II and III) and unobservable inputs (Level III).

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        The inputs into the determination of fair value require significant judgment or estimation by management and consideration of factors specific to each investment. A review of the fair value hierarchy classifications is conducted on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in the transfer of certain investments within the fair value hierarchy from period to period. Reclassifications impacting the fair value hierarchy are reported as transfers in/out of the respective leveling categories as of the beginning of the quarter in which the reclassifications occur.

        The following table summarizes the levels in the fair value hierarchy that the Company's portfolio investments fall into as of December 31, 2014:

(in thousands)
  Total   Level I   Level II   Level III  

First lien

  $ 677,901   $   $ 508,721   $ 169,180  

Second lien

    604,158         469,752     134,406  

Subordinated

    61,987         26,517     35,470  

Equity and other

    80,625             80,625  

Total investments

  $ 1,424,671   $   $ 1,004,990   $ 419,681  

        The Company generally uses the following framework when determining the fair value of investments where there are little, if any, market activity or observable pricing inputs. The Company typically determines the fair value of its performing debt investments utilizing an income approach. Additional consideration is given using a market based approach, as well as reviewing the overall underlying portfolio company's performance and associated financial risks. The following outlines additional details on the approaches considered:

        Company Performance, Financial Review, and Analysis:    Prior to investment, as part of its due diligence process, the Company evaluates the overall performance and financial stability of the portfolio company. Post investment, the Company analyzes each portfolio company's current operating performance and relevant financial trends versus prior year and budgeted results, including, but not limited to, factors affecting its revenue and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization ("EBITDA") growth, margin trends, liquidity position, covenant compliance and changes to its capital structure. The Company also attempts to identify and subsequently track any developments at the portfolio company, within its customer or vendor base or within the industry or the macroeconomic environment, generally, that may alter any material element of its original investment thesis. This analysis is specific to each portfolio company. The Company leverages the knowledge gained from its original due diligence process, augmented by this subsequent monitoring, to continually refine its outlook for each of its portfolio companies and ultimately form the valuation of its investment in each portfolio company. When an external event such as a purchase transaction, public offering or subsequent sale occurs, the Company will consider the pricing indicated by the external event to corroborate the private valuation.

        Market Based Approach:    The Company may estimate the total enterprise value of each portfolio company by utilizing market value cash flow (EBITDA) multiples of publicly traded comparable companies. The Company considers numerous factors when selecting the appropriate companies whose trading multiples are used to value its portfolio companies. These factors include, but are not limited to, the type of organization, similarity to the business being valued, relevant risk factors, as well as size, profitability and growth expectations. The Company may apply an average of various relevant comparable company EBITDA multiples to the portfolio company's latest twelve month ("LTM") EBITDA or projected EBITDA to calculate portfolio company enterprise value. Significant increases or decreases in the multiple will result in an increase or decrease in enterprise value, resulting in an increase or decrease in the fair value estimate of the investment. In applying the market based approach as of December 31, 2014, the Company used the relevant EBITDA multiple ranges set forth in the table below to determine the enterprise value of investments in twelve of its portfolio companies.

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The Company believes this was a reasonable range in light of current comparable company trading levels and the specific companies involved.

        Income Based Approach:    The Company also may use a discounted cash flow analysis to estimate the fair value of the investment. Projected cash flows represent the relevant security's contractual interest, fee and principal payments plus the assumption of full principal recovery at the investment's expected maturity date. These cash flows are discounted at a rate established utilizing a yield calibration approach, which incorporates changes in the credit quality (as measured by relevant statistics) of the portfolio company, as compared to changes in the yield associated with comparable credit quality market indices, between the date of origination and the valuation date. Significant increases or decreases in the discount rate would result in a decrease or increase in the fair value measurement. In applying the income based approach as of December 31, 2014, the Company used the discount ranges set forth in the table below to value investments in seventeen of its portfolio companies.

 
   
   
   
  Range  
(in thousands)
Type
  Fair Value   Approach   Unobservable Input   Low   High   Weighted
Average
 

First lien

  $ 169,180   Market approach   EBITDA multiple     6.5x     12.0x     8.6x  

        Income approach   Discount rate     8.2 %   16.5 %   12.0 %

Second lien

    134,406   Market approach   EBITDA multiple     5.5x     15.5x     10.6x  

        Income approach   Discount rate     11.0 %   16.0 %   12.7 %

        Other   N/A(1)     N/A (1)   N/A (1)   N/A (1)

Subordinated

    35,470   Market approach   EBITDA multiple     8.0x     12.0x     10.0x  

        Income approach   Discount rate     10.7 %   17.7 %   14.7 %

Equity and other

    80,625   Market approach   EBITDA multiple     7.0x     12.0x     8.1x  

        Income approach   Discount rate     8.0 %   15.0 %   12.9 %

        Other   N/A(1)     N/A (1)   N/A (1)   N/A (1)

        Black Scholes analysis   Expected life in years     11.3     11.3     11.3  

            Volatility     31.6 %   31.6 %   31.6 %

            Discount rate     2.3 %   2.3 %   2.3 %

  $ 419,681                            

(1)
Fair value was determined based on transaction pricing or recent acquisition or sale as the best measure of fair value with no material changes in operations of the related portfolio company since the transaction date.

NMFC Senior Loan Program I, LLC

        On June 10, 2014, NMFC Senior Loan Program I, LLC ("SLP I") was formed as a Delaware limited liability company. SLP I is a portfolio company held by the Company. SLP I is structured as a private investment fund, in which all of the investors are qualified purchasers, as such term is defined under the 1940 Act. Transfer of interests in SLP I is subject to restrictions, and as a result, such interests are not readily marketable. SLP I operates under a limited liability company agreement (the "Agreement") and will continue in existence until June 10, 2019, subject to earlier termination pursuant to certain terms of the Agreement. The term may be extended for up to one year pursuant to certain terms of the Agreement. SLP I has a three year re-investment period.

        SLP I is capitalized with $93.0 million of capital commitments, $275.0 million of debt from a revolving credit facility and is managed by the Company. The Company's capital commitment is $23.0 million, representing less than 25.0% ownership, with third party investors representing the remaining capital commitment. As of December 31, 2014, SLP I had total investments with an

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aggregate fair value of approximately $369.2 million, debt outstanding of $266.9 million and capital that had been called and funded of $93.0 million. The Company's investment in SLP I is disclosed on the December 31, 2014 Consolidated Schedule of Investments.

        The Company, as an investment adviser registered under the Advisers Act, acts as the collateral manager to SLP I and is entitled to receive a management fee for its investment management services provided to SLP I. As a result, SLP I is classified as an affiliate of the Company. For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company earned approximately $0.5 million in management fees related to SLP I which is included in other income. As of December 31, 2014, approximately $0.5 million of management fees related to SLP I was included in receivable from affiliates. For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company earned approximately $1.1 million of dividend income related to SLP I, which is included in dividend income. As of December 31, 2014, approximately $0.8 million of dividend income related to SLP I was included in interest and dividend receivable.

        SLP I invests in senior secured loans issued by companies within the Company's core industry verticals. These investments are typically broadly syndicated first lien loans.

Collateralized agreements or repurchase financings

        The Company follows the guidance in Accounting Standards Codification Topic 860, Transfers and Servicing—Secured Borrowing and Collateral, (``ASC 860") when accounting for transactions involving the purchases of securities under collateralized agreements to resell (resale agreements). These transactions are treated as collateralized financing transactions and are recorded at their contracted resale or repurchase amounts, as specified in the respective agreements. Interest on collateralized agreements is accrued and recognized over the life of the transaction and included in interest income. As of December 31, 2014, the Company held one collateralized agreement to resell with a carrying value of $30.0 million, collateralized by a security with a fair value of $30.0 million and guaranteed by the counterparty. The counterparty has the option to repurchase the collateral from the Company at the par value of the collateralized agreement within a year. The collateralized agreement earns interest at a rate of 15.0% per annum as of December 31, 2014. The Predecessor Operating Company did not have any collateralized agreements as of the year ended December 31, 2013.

Revenue Recognition

        The Company's revenue recognition policies are as follows:

        Sales and paydowns of investments:    Realized gains and losses on investments are determined on the specific identification method.

        Interest income:    Interest income, including amortization of premium and discount using the effective interest method, is recorded on the accrual basis and periodically assessed for collectability. Interest income also includes interest earned from cash on hand. Upon the prepayment of a loan or debt security, any prepayment penalties are recorded as part of interest income. The Company has loans in the portfolio that contain a payment-in-kind ("PIK") provision. PIK represents interest that is accrued and recorded as interest income at the contractual rates, if deemed collectible, added to the loan principal on the respective capitalization dates, and generally due at maturity.

        Non-accrual income:    Loans are placed on non-accrual status when principal or interest payments are past due 30 days or more and when there is reasonable doubt that principal or interest will be collected. Accrued cash and un-capitalized PIK interest is reversed when a loan is placed on non-accrual status. Previously capitalized PIK interest is not reversed when an investment is placed on non-accrual status. Interest payments received on non-accrual loans may be recognized as income or applied to principal depending upon management's judgment of the ultimate outcome. Non-accrual

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loans are restored to accrual status when past due principal and interest is paid and, in management's judgment, are likely to remain current.

        Dividend income:    Dividend income is recorded on the record date for private portfolio companies or on the ex-dividend date for publicly traded portfolio companies.

        Other income:    Other income represents delayed compensation, consent or amendment fees, revolver fees, structuring fees, management fees from a non-controlled/affiliated investment and other miscellaneous fees received and are typically non-recurring in nature. Delayed compensation is income earned from counterparties on trades that do not settle within a set number of business days after trade date. Other income may also include fees from bridge loans. The Company may from time to time enter into bridge financing commitments, an obligation to provide interim financing to a counterparty until permanent credit can be obtained. These commitments are short-term in nature and may expire unfunded. A fee is received by the Company for providing such commitments. Structuring fees are recognized as income when earned, usually when paid at the closing of the investment and are non-refundable.

        Prior to the Restructuring, NMFC's revenue recognition policies were as follows:

        Revenue, expenses, and capital gains (losses):    At each quarterly valuation date, the Predecessor Operating Company's investment income, expenses, net realized gains (losses), and net increase (decrease) in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) were allocated to NMFC based on its pro-rata interest in the net assets of the Predecessor Operating Company. This was recorded on NMFC's Statements of Operations. Realized gains and losses are recorded upon sales of NMFC's investments in the Predecessor Operating Company. Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investment in New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C. is the difference between the net asset value per share and the closing price per share for shares issued as part of the dividend reinvestment plan on the dividend payment date. This net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investment in New Mountain Finance Holdings, L.L.C. includes the unrealized appreciation (depreciation) from the IPO. NMFC used the proceeds from its IPO and Concurrent Private Placement to purchase units in the Predecessor Operating Company at $13.75 per unit (its IPO price per share). At the IPO date, $13.75 per unit represented a discount to the actual net asset value per unit of the Predecessor Operating Company. As a result, NMFC experienced immediate unrealized appreciation on its investment.

        All expenses, including those of NMFC, were paid and recorded by the Predecessor Operating Company. Expenses were allocated to NMFC based on pro-rata ownership interest. In addition, the Predecessor Operating Company paid all of the offering costs related to the IPO and subsequent offerings. NMFC recorded its portion of the offering costs as a direct reduction to net assets and the cost of their investment in the Predecessor Operating Company.

Monitoring of Portfolio Investments

        The Company monitors the performance and financial trends of its portfolio companies on at least a quarterly basis. The Company attempts to identify any developments within the portfolio company, the industry or the macroeconomic environment that may alter any material element of its original investment strategy.

        The Company uses an investment rating system to characterize and monitor the credit profile and expected level of returns on each investment in the portfolio. The Company uses a four-level numeric rating scale as follows:

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        As of December 31, 2014, all investments in the Company's portfolio had an Investment Rating of 1 or 2 with the exception of five portfolio company names; four portfolio companies with an Investment Rating of 3 and two portfolio companies with an Investment Rating of 4. As of December 31, 2014, a portion of the Company's investment in one portfolio company had an Investment Rating of 3 and a portion had an Investment Rating of 4.

        As of December 31, 2014, the Company's two super priority first lien positions in ATI Acquisition Company and related equity positions in Ancora Acquisition LLC had an Investment Rating of 4 due to the underlying business encountering significant regulatory constraints which have led to the portfolio company's underperformance. As of December 31, 2014, the Company's two super priority first lien positions in ATI Acquisition Company remained on non-accrual status due to the inability of the portfolio company to service its interest payments for the year then ended and uncertainty about its ability to pay such amounts in the future. During the third quarter of 2013, the Company received preferred shares and warrants in Ancora Acquisition LLC, in relation to the two super priority first lien positions in ATI Acquisition Company. As of December 31, 2014, the Company's investment in ATI Acquisition Company and Ancora Acquisition LLC had an aggregate cost basis of $1.6 million, an aggregate fair value of $0.4 million and total unearned interest income of $0.3 million for the year then ended. Unrealized gains (losses) include a fee that the Company would receive upon maturity of the two super priority first lien debt investments.

        During the third quarter of 2014, the Company placed a portion of its first lien position in UniTek Global Services, Inc. ("UniTek") on non-accrual status in anticipation of a voluntary petition for a "Pre-Packaged" Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware which was filed on November 3, 2014. As of December 31, 2014, the portion of the UniTek first lien position placed on non-accrual status represented an aggregate cost basis of $12.1 million, an aggregate fair value of $8.8 million and total unearned interest income of $1.0 million for the year then ended.

Portfolio and Investment Activity

        The fair value of the Company's investments was approximately $1,424.7 million in 71 portfolio companies at December 31, 2014. At December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Company's only investment was its investment in the Predecessor Operating Company. The fair value of the Predecessor Operating Company's investments was approximately $1,115.7 million in 59 portfolio companies at December 31, 2013 and $989.8 million in 63 portfolio companies at December 31, 2012.

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        The following table shows the Company's portfolio and investment activity for the year ended December 31, 2014 and the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio and investment activity for the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012:

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in millions)
  2014(1)   2013   2012  

New investments in 43, 34 and 45 portfolio companies, respectively

  $ 720.9   $ 529.3   $ 673.2  

Debt repayments in existing portfolio companies

    267.5     395.4     299.2  

Sales of securities in 14, 12 and 22 portfolio companies, respectively

    117.0     31.2     124.7  

Change in unrealized appreciation on 20, 45 and 48 portfolio companies, respectively

    21.2     27.9     27.0  

Change in unrealized depreciation on 60, 29 and 30 portfolio companies, respectively

    (63.9 )   (19.9 )   (17.1 )

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2014, amounts represent the investment activity of the Predecessor Operating Company through and including May 7, 2014 and the investment activity of the Company from May 8, 2014 through December 31, 2014.

        At December 31, 2014, the Company's weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost was approximately 10.7%. At December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company's weighted average Yield to Maturity at Cost and weighted average Yield to Maturity was approximately 11.0% and 10.6%, respectively. The Yield to Maturity calculation used in prior years for the Predecessor Operating Company assumed that all investments not on non-accrual were purchased at fair value on December 31, 2013 and held until their respective maturities with no prepayments or losses and exited at par at maturity.

Recent Accounting Standards Updates

        In June 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-08, Financial Services—Investment Companies Topic 946—Amendments to the Scope, Measurement and Disclosure Requirements ("ASU 2013-08"), which contains new guidance on assessing whether an entity is an investment company, requiring non-controlling ownership interests in investment companies to be measured at fair value and requiring certain additional disclosures. ASU 2013-08 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2013. The Company is an investment company that is applying the specialized guidance in Topic 946 as of January 1, 2014.

        In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers Topic 606—Summary and Amendments that Create Revenue from Contracts with Customers and Other Assets and Deferred Costs ('ASU 2014-09"). ASU 2014-09 establishes a comprehensive and converged standard on revenue recognition to enable financial statement users to better understand and consistently analyze an entity's revenue across industries, transactions and geographies. The core principle of the new guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. To achieve that core principle, an entity should apply the following steps: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. The new guidance also specifies the accounting for certain costs to obtain or fulfill a contract with a customer. The new guidance requires improved disclosures to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. Qualitative and quantitative information is

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required to be disclosed about: (1) contracts with customers, (2) significant judgments and changes in judgments, and (3) assets recognized from costs to obtain or fulfill a contract. The new guidance will apply to all entities. The guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early application is not permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

        In June 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-11, Transfers and Servicing Topic 860—Repurchase-to-Maturity Transactions, Repurchase Financings, and Disclosures ("ASU 2014-11"). ASU 2014-11 changes the accounting for repurchase- and resale-to-maturity agreements by requiring that such agreements be recognized as financing arrangements, and requires that a transfer of a financial asset and a repurchase agreement entered into contemporaneously be accounted for separately. ASU 2014-11 requires additional disclosures about certain transferred financial assets accounted for as sales and certain securities financing transactions. The accounting changes and additional disclosures about certain transferred financial assets accounted for as sales are effective for the first interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2014. The additional disclosures for securities financing transactions are required for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2014 and for interim reporting periods beginning after March 15, 2015. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact that this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

        In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-15, Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern Subtopic 205-40—Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern ("ASU 2014-15"). ASU 2014-15 will explicitly require management to assess an entity's ability to continue as a going concern, and to provide related footnote disclosure in certain circumstances. The new standard will be effective for all entities in the first annual period ending after December 15, 2016. Earlier adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2014-15 is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

Results of Operations

        Under GAAP, NMFC's IPO did not step-up the cost basis of the Predecessor Operating Company's existing investments to fair market value at the IPO date. Since the total value of the Predecessor Operating Company's investments at the time of the IPO was greater than the investments' cost basis, a larger amount of amortization of purchase or original issue discount, and different amounts in realized gain and unrealized appreciation, may be recognized under GAAP in each period than if the step-up had occurred. This will remain until such predecessor investments are sold, repaid or mature in the future. The Company tracks the transferred (or fair market) value of each of the Predecessor Operating Company's investments as of the time of the IPO and, for purposes of the incentive fee calculation, adjusts income as if each investment was purchased at the date of the IPO (or stepped up to fair market value). The respective "Adjusted Net Investment Income" (defined as net investment income adjusted to reflect income as if the cost basis of investments held at the IPO date had stepped-up to fair market value as of the IPO date) is used in calculating both the incentive fee and dividend payments. See Item 8.—Financial Statements and Supplementary Data—Note 5, Agreements for additional details.

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        The following table for the Company for the year ended December 31, 2014 is adjusted to reflect the step-up to fair market value and the allocation of the incentive fees related to hypothetical capital gains out of the adjusted post-incentive fee net investment income.

(in thousands)
  Year Ended
December 31,
2014
  Stepped-up
Cost Basis
Adjustments
  Incentive Fee
Adjustments(1)
  Adjusted
Year Ended
December 31,
2014
 

Investment income

                         

Interest income

  $ 85,123   $ (193 ) $   $ 84,930  

Dividend income

    2,309             2,309  

Other income

    4,491             4,491  

Investment income allocated from NMF Holdings

                         

Interest income

    40,515             40,515  

Dividend income

    2,368             2,368  

Other income

    795             795  

Total investment income(2)

    135,601     (193 )       135,408  

Total expenses pre-incentive fee(3)              

    43,766             43,766  

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    91,835     (193 )       91,642  

Incentive fee

    11,769         6,549     18,318  

Post-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    80,066     (193 )   (6,549 )   73,324  

Net realized gains (losses) on investments

    357     (456 )       (99 )

Net realized gains on investments allocated from NMF Holdings

    8,568             8,568  

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments(4)

    (43,863 )   649         (43,214 )

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments allocated from NMF Holdings

    940             940  

Provision for taxes

    (493 )           (493 )

Capital gains incentive fees

            6,549     6,549  

Net increase in net assets resulting from operations

  $ 45,575               $ 45,575  

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company incurred total incentive fees of $11.8 million, of which $(6.5) million related to the reduction of the capital gains incentive fee accrual on a hypothetical liquidation basis.

(2)
Includes income from non-controlled/non-affiliated investments and non-controlled/affiliated investments.

(3)
Includes expense waivers and reimbursements of $1.1 million and management fee waivers of $0.7 million.

(4)
Includes net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments from non-controlled/non-affiliated investments and non-controlled/affiliated investments.

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        For the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company had a $0.2 million adjustment to interest income for amortization, a decrease of $0.5 million to net realized gains and an increase of $0.7 million to net change in unrealized depreciation to adjust for the stepped-up cost basis of the transferred investments as discussed above. For the year ended December 31, 2014, total adjusted investment income of $135.4 million consisted of approximately $114.5 million in cash interest from investments, approximately $4.6 million in PIK interest from investments, approximately $3.9 million in prepayment fees, net amortization of purchase premiums and discounts and origination fees of approximately $2.5 million, approximately $4.6 million in dividend income and approximately $5.3 million in other income. The Company's Adjusted Net Investment Income was $73.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014.

        In accordance with GAAP, for the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company decreased its hypothetical capital gains incentive fee accrual by $6.5 million based upon the cumulative net Adjusted Realized Capital Gains and Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and the cumulative net Adjusted Unrealized Capital Appreciation and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on investments held at the end of each period. Actual amounts paid to the Investment Adviser are consistent with the Investment Management Agreement and are based only on actual Adjusted Realized Capital Gains computed net of all Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each calendar year as if the entire portfolio was sold at fair value. As of December 31, 2014, no actual capital gains incentive fee was owed under the Investment Management Agreement by the Company, as cumulative net Adjusted Realized Gains did not exceed cumulative Adjusted Unrealized Depreciation.

        At December 31, 2013, the Company's only investment was its investment in the Predecessor Operating Company. The following table for the Predecessor Operating Company for the year ended December 31, 2013 is adjusted to reflect the step-up to fair market value and the allocation of the incentive fees related to hypothetical capital gains out of the adjusted post-incentive fee net investment income.

(in thousands)
  Year Ended
December 31,
2013
  Stepped-up
Cost Basis
Adjustments
  Incentive Fee
Adjustments(1)
  Adjusted
Year Ended
December 31,
2013
 

Investment income

                         

Interest income

  $ 107,027   $ (896 ) $   $ 106,131  

Dividend income

    5,049             5,049  

Other income

    2,836             2,836  

Total investment income

    114,912     (896 )       114,016  

Total expenses pre-incentive fee(2)          

    31,504             31,504  

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    83,408     (896 )       82,512  

Incentive fee

    19,731         (3,229 )   16,502  

Post-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    63,677     (896 )   3,229     66,010  

Net realized gains (losses) on investments

    7,253     (3,158 )       4,095  

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

    7,994     4,054         12,048  

Capital gains incentive fees

            (3,229 )   (3,229 )

Net increase in members' capital resulting from operations          

  $ 78,924               $ 78,924  

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company incurred total incentive fees of $19.7 million, of which $3.2 million related to capital gains incentive fees on a hypothetical liquidation basis.

(2)
Includes expense waivers and reimbursements of $3.2 million.

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        For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company had a $0.9 million adjustment to interest income for amortization, a decrease of $3.2 million to net realized gains and an increase of $4.1 million to net change in unrealized appreciation to adjust for the stepped-up cost basis of the transferred investments as discussed above. For the year ended December 31, 2013, total adjusted investment income of $114.0 million consisted of approximately $94.5 million in cash interest from investments, approximately $3.4 million in PIK interest from investments, approximately $5.8 million in prepayment fees, net amortization of purchase premiums and discounts and origination fees of approximately $2.5 million, approximately $5.0 million in dividend income and approximately $2.8 million in other income. The Predecessor Operating Company's Adjusted Net Investment Income was $66.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2013.

        In accordance with GAAP, for the year ended December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company accrued $3.2 million of hypothetical capital gains incentive fee based upon the cumulative net Adjusted Realized Capital Gains and Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and the cumulative net Adjusted Unrealized Capital Appreciation and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on investments held at the end of each period. Actual amounts paid to the Investment Adviser are consistent with the Investment Management Agreement and are based only on actual Adjusted Realized Capital Gains computed net of all Adjusted Realized Capital Losses and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation on a cumulative basis from inception through the end of each calendar year as if the entire portfolio was sold at fair value. As of December 31, 2013, approximately $1.1 million of capital gains incentive fees was owed under the Investment Management Agreement by the Predecessor Operating Company, as cumulative net Adjusted Realized Gains exceeded cumulative Adjusted Unrealized Depreciation and was paid during the year ended December 31, 2014.

        At December 31, 2012, the Company's only investment was its investment in the Predecessor Operating Company. The following table for the Predecessor Operating Company for the year ended December 31, 2012 is adjusted to reflect the step-up to fair market value and the allocation of the

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incentive fees related to hypothetical capital gains out of the adjusted post-incentive fee net investment income.

(in thousands)
  Year Ended
December 31,
2012
  Stepped-up
Cost Basis
Adjustments
  Incentive Fee
Adjustments(1)
  Adjusted
Year Ended
December 31,
2012
 

Investment income

                         

Interest income

  $ 83,646   $ (3,476 ) $   $ 80,170  

Dividend income

    812             812  

Other income

    1,328             1,328  

Total investment income

    85,786     (3,476 )       82,310  

Total expenses pre-incentive fee(2)          

    24,625             24,625  

Pre-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    61,161     (3,476 )       57,685  

Incentive fee

    15,944         (4,407 )   11,537  

Post-Incentive Fee Net Investment Income

    45,217     (3,476 )   4,407     46,148  

Net realized gains (losses) on investments

    18,851     (6,958 )       11,893  

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments

    9,928     10,434         20,362  

Capital gains incentive fees

            (4,407 )   (4,407 )

Net increase in members' capital resulting from operations              

  $ 73,996               $ 73,996  

(1)
For the year ended December 31, 2012, the Predecessor Operating Company incurred total incentive fees of $15.9 million, of which $4.4 million related to capital gains incentive fees on a hypothetical liquidation basis.

(2)
Includes expense waivers and reimbursements of $2.5 million.

        For the year ended December 31, 2012, the Predecessor Operating Company had a $3.5 million adjustment to interest income for amortization, a decrease of $6.9 million to net realized gains and an increase of $10.4 million to net change in unrealized appreciation to adjust for the stepped-up cost basis of the transferred investments as discussed above. For the year ended December 31, 2012, total adjusted interest income of $80.2 million consisted of approximately $71.9 million in cash interest from investments, approximately $2.2 million in PIK interest from investments, approximately $3.6 million in prepayment fees and net amortization of purchase premiums and discounts and origination fees of approximately $2.5 million. The Predecessor Operating Company's Adjusted Net Investment Income was $46.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2012.

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Results of Operations for the Company for the Year Ended December 31, 2014 and the Predecessor Operating Company for the Years Ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012

Revenue

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in thousands)
  2014   2013   2012  

Interest income

  $ 85,123   $ 107,027   $ 83,646  

Interest income allocated from the Predecessor Operating Company

    40,515          

Total interest income

    125,638     107,027     83,646  

Dividend income

   
2,309
   
5,049
   
812
 

Dividend income allocated from the Predecessor Operating Company

    2,368          

Total dividend income

    4,677     5,049     812  

Other income

   
4,491
   
2,836
   
1,328
 

Other income allocated from the Predecessor Operating Company

    795          

Total other income

    5,286     2,836     1,328  

Total investment income

  $ 135,601   $ 114,912   $ 85,786  

        The Company's total investment income increased by approximately $20.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's total investment income for the year ended December 31, 2013. The 18.0% increase in total investment income primarily results from an increase in interest income of approximately $18.6 million from the year ended December 31, 2013 to the year ended December 31, 2014 which is attributable to larger invested balances, driven by the proceeds from the October 2013, April 2014 and October 2014 primary offerings of the Company's common stock and the June 2014 offering of the Company's convertible notes, the Company's use of leverage from its revolving credit facilities to originate new investments and prepayment fees received associated with the early repayments or partial repayments of ten different portfolio companies held by the Predecessor Operating Company as of December 31, 2013. The increase in other income of approximately $2.5 million during the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2013, which represents fees that are non-recurring in nature, was primarily attributable to structuring, amendment and consent fees received from twenty different portfolio companies and management fees from a non-controlled affiliated portfolio company. The decrease in dividend income during the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily attributable to a large distribution from one of the Predecessor Operating Company's warrant investments in the prior year.

        The Predecessor Operating Company's total investment income increased by $29.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012. The 34.0% increase in investment income results from the increase in interest and other income for the year ended December 31, 2013, which was primarily attributable to larger invested balances, driven by the proceeds from the 2012 and 2013 primary offerings of NMFC's common stock, the Predecessor Operating Company's use of leverage for its revolving credit facilities to originate new investments and prepayment fees received associated with the early repayments or partial repayments of twenty different portfolio companies held by the Predecessor Operating Company as of December 31, 2012. Additionally, the Predecessor Operating Company's other income, which represents fees that are non-recurring in nature, increased due to commitment fees received from three bridge facilities and

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consent, amendment and forbearance fees received associated with ten different portfolio companies held by the Predecessor Operating Company as of December 31, 2012. The increase in dividend income for the year ended December 31, 2013 was attributable to distributions received from two portfolio companies, which was recorded as dividend income.

Operating Expenses

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in thousands)
  2014   2013   2012  

Management fee

  $ 13,593   $ 14,905   $ 11,109  

Management fee allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    5,983          

Less: management fee waiver

    (686 )        

Total Management fee

    18,890     14,905     11,109  

Incentive fee

   
12,070
   
16,502
   
11,537
 

Incentive fee allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    6,248          

Total Incentive fee

    18,318     16,502     11,537  

Capital gains incentive fee(1)

   
(8,573

)
 
3,229
   
4,407
 

Capital gains incentive fee allocated from Predecessor Operating Company(1)

    2,024          

Total Capital gains incentive fee(1)

    (6,549 )   3,229     4,407  

Interest and other financing expenses

   
13,269
   
12,470
   
10,085
 

Interest and other financing expenses allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    4,764          

Total Interest and other financing expenses

    18,033     12,470     10,085  

Professional fees

   
2,390
   
2,349
   
2,091
 

Professional fees allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    1,238          

Total Professional fees

    3,628     2,349     2,091  

Administrative fees

   
1,470
   
3,429
   
2,426
 

Administrative expenses allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    761          

Total Administrative expenses

    2,231     3,429     2,426  

Other general and administrative expenses

   
1,138
   
1,584
   
1,374
 

Other general and administrative expenses allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    555          

Total other general and administrative expenses

    1,693     1,584     1,374  

Total expenses

    56,244     54,468     43,029  

Less: expenses waived and reimbursed

    (1,145 )   (3,233 )   (2,460 )

Net expenses before income taxes

    55,099     51,235     40,569  

Income tax expense

    436          

Net expenses after income taxes

  $ 55,535   $ 51,235   $ 40,569  

(1)
Capital gains incentive fee accrual assumes a hypothetical liquidation basis.

        The Company's total net operating expenses increased by approximately $4.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31, 2013. The Company's management fee increased by approximately $4.0 million, net of a management fee waiver, and incentive fees increased by approximately $1.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31,

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2013. The increase in management fee and incentive fee from the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31, 2013 to the Company's year ended December 31, 2014 was attributable to larger invested balances, driven by the proceeds from the October 2013, April 2014 and October 2014 primary offerings of NMFC's common stock, the June 2014 offering of NMFC's convertible notes and the Company's use of leverage from its revolving credit facilities to originate new investments. The Company's capital gains incentive fee accrual decreased by approximately $9.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31, 2013, which was attributable to lower net Adjusted Realized Capital Gains (Losses) and net Adjusted Unrealized Capital Depreciation of investments during the period due to lower marks on the broader portfolio. As of December 31, 2014, no actual capital gains incentive fee was owed under the Investment Management Agreement by the Company, as cumulative net Adjusted Realized Gains did not exceed cumulative Adjusted Unrealized Depreciation.

        Interest and other financing expenses increased by approximately $5.6 million during the year ended December 31, 2014, primarily due to the increase of average debt outstanding from $184.1 million to $244.6 million for the Holdings Credit Facility (as defined below) for the year ended December 31, 2013 compared to December 31, 2014. In addition, during the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company issued $115.0 million of convertible notes, closed the NMFC Credit Facility (as defined below) and began to draw on SBA-guaranteed debentures. The Company's total professional fees, total administrative expenses and total other general and administrative expenses marginally increased by approximately $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31, 2013. During the year ended December 31, 2014, the Company incurred $10.9 thousand in other expenses that were not subject to the expense cap pursuant to the administration agreement, as amended and restated (the "Administration Agreement"), with the Administrator, and further restricted by the Company. For the year ended December 31, 2014, approximately $1.4 million of indirect administrative expenses were included in administrative expenses, of which $0.8 million were waived by the Administrator. The Company's expenses waived and reimbursed decreased by approximately $2.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 as compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's year ended December 31, 2013 due to the expiration of the expense cap on March 31, 2014 and the decrease of waived indirect administrative expenses by the Administrator during the year ended December 31, 2014.

        The Predecessor Operating Company's total net operating expenses increased by approximately $10.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012. The Predecessor Operating Company's management fees increased by approximately $3.8 million and incentive fees increased by approximately $5.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012. The increase in management and incentive fees from the year ended December 31, 2012 to the year ended December 31, 2013 was attributable to larger invested balances, driven by the proceeds from the 2012 and 2013 primary offerings of NMFC's common stock, the Predecessor Operating Company's use of leverage from its revolving credit facilities to originate new investments and the receipt of a dividend distribution from one of the Predecessor Operating Company's warrant investments. The Predecessor Operating Company's capital gains incentive fees decreased approximately $1.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2013 as compared to the year ended December 31, 2012, which was attributable to lower net Adjusted Realized Capital Gains (Losses) and Adjusted Unrealized Capital Appreciation (Depreciation) of investments during the period. As of December 31, 2013, approximately $1.1 million of capital gains incentive fees was owed under the Investment Management Agreement by the Predecessor Operating Company, as cumulative net Adjusted Realized Gains exceeded cumulative Adjusted Unrealized Depreciation and was paid during the year ended December 31, 2014.

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        Interest and other credit facility expenses increased by approximately $2.4 million during the year ended December 31, 2013, primarily due to the increase of average debt outstanding from $133.6 million to $184.1 million for the Holdings Credit Facility and from $181.4 million to $214.3 million for the SLF Credit Facility for the year ended December 31, 2012 compared to December 31, 2013. For the year ended December 31, 2013, the Predecessor Operating Company incurred approximately $0.1 million in other expenses that were not subject to the expense cap pursuant to the Administration Agreement with the Administrator and further restricted by the Predecessor Operating Company.

Net Realized Gains and Net Change in Unrealized Appreciation (Depreciation)

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in thousands)
  2014   2013   2012  

Net realized gains on investments

  $ 357   $ 7,253   $ 18,851  

Net realized gains on investments allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    8,568          

Total realized gains on investments

    8,925     7,253     18,851  

Net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments

   
(43,863

)
 
7,994
   
9,928
 

Net change in unrealized appreciation (depreciation) of investments allocated from Predecessor Operating Company

    940          

Total change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments

    (42,923 )   7,994     9,928  

Provision for taxes

   
(493

)
 
   
 

Total net realized gains and net change in unrealized (depreciation) appreciation of investments

  $ (34,491 ) $ 15,247   $ 28,779  

        The Company's net realized and unrealized losses resulted in a net loss of approximately $34.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2014 compared to the Predecessor Operating Company's net realized and unrealized gains resulting in a net gain of approximately $15.2 million for the same period in 2013. We look at net realized and unrealized gains or losses together as movement in unrealized appreciation or depreciation can be the result of realizations. The net loss for the year ended December 31, 2014 was primarily driven by the overall decrease in the market prices of the Company's investments during the period and the partial write-down related to two portfolio companies. These losses were partially offset by a $5.6 million gain from the sale of the Company's warrant investments in one portfolio company and sales or repayments of investments with fair values in excess of December 31, 2013 valuations resulting in net realized gains being greater than the reversal of the cumulative net unrealized gains for those investments. The provision for income taxes was attributable to one warrant investment that is held as of December 31, 2014 in one of the Company's corporate subsidiaries.

        The net gain for the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily driven by sales or repayment of investments with fair values in excess of December 31, 2012 valuations, resulting in net realized gains being greater than the reversal of the cumulative net unrealized gains for those investments. Additionally, during the year ended December 31, 2013, a distribution from a warrant investment resulted in a realized gain of approximately $1.1 million, the modification of terms on one debt investment that was accounted for as an extinguishment resulted in a realized gain of $1.7 million and the sale of the first lien position in ATI Acquisition Company resulted in a realized loss of $4.3 million.

        The total net gain for the year ended December 31, 2012 was primarily related to the overall increase in the market and the quality of the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio, directly impacting the prices of the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio. The appreciation of the Predecessor Operating Company's portfolio and the sale or repayment of investments with fair values

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in excess of December 31, 2011 valuations, resulted in net realized gains being greater than the reversal of the cumulative net unrealized gains for those investments.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

        The primary use of existing funds and any funds raised in the future is expected to be for the Company's repayment of indebtedness, the Company's investments in portfolio companies, cash distributions to the Company's stockholders or for other general corporate purposes.

        Since NMFC's IPO, and through December 31, 2014, NMFC raised approximately $374.6 million in net proceeds from additional offerings of common stock and issued shares valued at approximately $288.4 million on behalf of AIV Holdings for exchanged units. NMFC acquired from the Predecessor Operating Company units of the Predecessor Operating Company equal to the number of shares of NMFC's common stock sold in the additional offerings.

        On February 3, 2014, NMFC completed an underwritten secondary public offering of 2,325,000 shares of its common stock on behalf of a selling stockholder, AIV Holdings, at a public offering price of $14.70 per share. In connection with the underwritten secondary public offering, the underwriters purchased an additional 346,938 shares of NMFC's common stock from AIV Holdings with the exercise of the overallotment option to purchase up to an additional 346,938 shares of common stock. NMFC did not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares of NMFC's common stock by AIV Holdings. The Predecessor Operating Company and NMFC did not bear any expenses in connection with this offering. The offering expenses were borne by the selling stockholder, AIV Holdings. As of February 3, 2014, AIV Holdings no longer owns any units of the Predecessor Operating Company and NMFC owns 100.0% of the outstanding units of the Predecessor Operating Company, which is now a wholly-owned subsidiary of NMFC.

        On April 15, 2014, NMFC completed a public offering of 3,500,000 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $14.30 per share, which resulted in net proceeds of $51.0 million, or $14.57 per share. NMFC's Investment Adviser agreed to pay the underwriting discounts and commissions in connection with this offering and an additional supplemental payment to the underwriters of $0.9 million, or $0.27 per share, which reflects the difference between the public offering price and the proceeds per share received by NMFC. In connection with the public offering, the underwriters purchased an additional 525,000 shares of NMFC's common stock with the exercise of the overallotment option to purchase up to an additional 525,000 shares of NMFC's common stock, resulting in additional net proceeds of $7.6 million. NMFC's Investment Adviser agreed to pay the underwriting discounts and commissions in connection with this exercise of the overallotment option and an additional supplemental payment to the underwriters of $0.1 million, or $0.27 per share, which reflects the difference between the public offering price and the proceeds per share received by NMFC in this exercise of the overallotment option.

        On October 28, 2014, the Company completed a public offering of 5,000,000 shares of its common stock at a public offering price of $14.53 per share, which resulted in net proceeds of $71.8 million. In connection with the public offering, the underwriters purchased an additional 750,000 shares of the Company's common stock with the exercise of the overallotment option to purchase up to an additional 750,000 shares of the Company's common stock, which resulted in additional net proceeds of $10.8 million.

        The Company's liquidity is generated and generally available through advances from the revolving credit facilities, from cash flows from operations, and, we expect, through periodic follow-on equity offerings. In addition, we may from time to time enter into additional debt facilities, increase the size of existing facilities or issue additional debt securities, including unsecured debt and/or debt securities convertible into common stock. Any such incurrence or issuance would be subject to prevailing market conditions, our liquidity requirements, contractual and regulatory restrictions and other factors. In

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accordance with the 1940 Act, with certain limited exceptions, we are only allowed to borrow amounts such that our asset coverage, calculated pursuant to the 1940 Act, is at least 200.0% after such borrowing.

        At December 31, 2014, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $23.4 million and at December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012, the Predecessor Operating Company had cash and cash equivalents of approximately $15.0 million and $12.8 million, respectively. Cash used in operating activities for the Company during the year ended December 31, 2014 was approximately $(289.6) million, which includes the activity allocated from NMF Holdings, and cash used in operating activities for the Predecessor Operating Company for the years ended December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 was approximately $(40.4) million and $(212.6) million, respectively. Refer to the Predecessor Operating Company's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the period January 1, 2014 to May 7, 2014 included in an exhibit attached hereto. We expect that all current liquidity needs by the Company will be met with cash flows from operations and other activities.

Borrowings

        Holdings Credit Facility—On December 18, 2014 the Company entered into the Second Amended and Restated Loan and Security Agreement (the "Holdings Credit Facility"), among the Company, as the Collateral Manager, NMF Holdings as the Borrower, Wells Fargo Securities, LLC as the Administrative Agent and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the Lender and Collateral Custodian, which is structured as a revolving credit facility and matures on December 18, 2019.

        Immediately prior to amending the Holdings Credit Facility, NMF SPV merged with and into NMF Holdings. The Holdings Credit Facility effectively amended and restated the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility (as defined below), merged with the SLF Credit Facility (as defined below), and combined the amount of borrowings previously available.

        The maximum amount of revolving borrowings available under the Holdings Credit Facility is $495.0 million, which is the aggregate of the $280.0 million previously available under the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility (as defined below) and the $215.0 million previously available under the SLF Credit Facility (as defined below). Under the Holdings Credit Facility, NMF Holdings is still permitted to borrow up to 25.0%, 45.0% or 70.0% of the purchase price of pledged assets, subject to approval by the Wells Fargo Securities, LLC. The Holdings Credit Facility is non-recourse to the Company and is collateralized by all of the investments of NMF Holdings on an investment by investment basis. All fees associated with the origination or upsizing of the Holdings Credit Facility are capitalized on the Company's Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities and charged against income as other financing expenses over the life of the Holdings Credit Facility. The Holdings Credit Facility contains certain customary affirmative and negative covenants and events of default. In addition, the Holdings Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain a minimum asset coverage ratio. The covenants are generally not tied to mark to market fluctuations in the prices of NMF Holdings investments, but rather to the performance of the underlying portfolio companies.

        The Holdings Credit Facility bears interest at a rate of the LIBOR plus 2.00% per annum for Broadly Syndicated Loans (as defined in the Loan and Security Agreement) and LIBOR plus 2.75% per annum for all other investments. The Holdings Credit Facility also charges a non-usage fee, based on the unused facility amount multiplied by the Non-Usage Fee Rate (as defined in the Loan and Security Agreement).

        Prior to December 18, 2014, the Loan and Security Agreement, as amended and restated, dated May 19, 2011 (the "Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility") among NMF Holdings as the Borrower and Collateral Administrator, Wells Fargo Securities, LLC as the Administrative Agent, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as the Collateral Custodian, was structured as a revolving credit facility and would mature on October 27, 2016.

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        The maximum amount of revolving borrowings available under the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility was $280.0 million. Until December 18, 2014, NMF Holdings was permitted to borrow up to 45.0% or 25.0% of the purchase price of pledged first lien or non-first lien debt securities, and up to 70.0% and 45.0% of the purchase price of specified first lien debt securities and specified non-first lien debt securities, respectively, subject to approval by Wells Fargo Bank, National Association. The Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility was amended and restated on May 6, 2014 and as a result, it was non-recourse to the Company and was collateralized by all of the investments of NMF Holdings on an investment by investment basis. All fees associated with the origination or upsizing of the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility were capitalized on the Company's Consolidated Statement of Assets and Liabilities and charged against income as other financing expenses over the life of the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility. The Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility contained certain customary affirmative and negative covenants and events of default, including the occurrence of a change in control. In addition, the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility required the Company to maintain a minimum asset coverage ratio. However, the covenants were generally not tied to mark to market fluctuations in the prices of NMF Holdings' investments, but rather to the performance of the underlying portfolio companies.

        The Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility bore interest at a rate of the LIBOR plus 2.75% per annum and charged a non-usage fee, based on the unused facility amount multiplied by the Non-Usage Fee Rate (as defined in the Loan and Security Agreement).

        The following table summarizes the interest expense and non-usage fees incurred, together, on the Holdings Credit Facility and the Predecessor Holdings Credit Facility for the years ended December 31, 2014, December 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

 
  Years ended December 31,  
(in millions)
  2014   2013   2012  

Interest expense

  $ 7.1   $ 5.5   $ 4.2  

Non-usage fee

  $ 0.2   $ 0.4   $ 0.3  

Amortization of financing costs

  $ 0.9   $ 0.7   $ 0.4  

Weighted average interest rate

    2.9 %   2.9 %   3.1 %

Effective interest rate

    3.4 %   3.6 %   3.6 %

Average debt outstanding

  $ 244.6   $ 184.1   $ 133.6  

        The outstanding balance of Holdings Credit Facility as of December 31, 2014 was $468.1 million and the o