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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

LDL-2014.9.30 10Q



UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
ýQUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2014
 
OR

¨TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from           to         
 
Commission File Number: 1-7665 
 
LYDALL, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
06-0865505
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
One Colonial Road, Manchester, Connecticut
06042
(Address of principal executive offices)
(zip code)
 
(860) 646-1233
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 
None
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
_____________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such a shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ýNo ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ýNo ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer ¨Accelerated filer ýNon-accelerated filer ¨Smaller reporting company ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨No ý
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
Common Stock $ .10 par value per share.
Total Shares outstanding October 16, 2014
17,155,523






LYDALL, INC.
INDEX
 
 
 
 
Page
Number
 
 
 
 
Cautionary Note Concerning Forward – Looking Statements
4
 
 
 
 
Part I.
Financial Information
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
Part II.
Other Information
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
Signature
 
 
37
 
 
 
 
Exhibit Index
 
 
38

 

2




Lydall, Inc. and its subsidiaries are hereafter collectively referred to as “Lydall,” the “Company” or the “Registrant.” Lydall and its subsidiaries’ names, abbreviations thereof, logos, and product and service designators are all either the registered or unregistered trademarks or trade names of Lydall or its subsidiaries.

CAUTIONARY NOTE CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Any statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q that are not statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking statements. All such forward-looking statements are intended to provide management’s current expectations for the future operating and financial performance of the Company based on current expectations and assumptions relating to the Company’s business, the economy and other future conditions. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified through the use of words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “may,” “should,” “will,” “plans,” “projects,” “expects,” “expectations,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “predicts,” “targets,” “prospects,” “strategy,” “signs” and other words of similar meaning in connection with the discussion of future operating or financial performance. Forward-looking statements may include, among other things, statements relating to future sales, earnings, cash flow, results of operations, uses of cash and other measures of financial performance. Because forward-looking statements relate to the future, they are subject to inherent risks, uncertainties and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Accordingly, the Company’s actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Investors, therefore, are cautioned against relying on any of these forward-looking statements. They are neither statements of historical fact nor guarantees or assurances of future performance. Forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q include, among others, statements relating to:
 
Overall economic and business conditions and the effects on the Company’s markets;
Outlook going into and for the fourth quarter of 2014;
Expected vehicle production in the North American or European markets;
Growth opportunities in markets served by the Company;
Integration of the Industrial Filtration business;
Expected gross margin, operating margin and working capital improvements from the application of Lean Six Sigma;
Product development and new business opportunities;
Future strategic transactions, included but not limited to: acquisitions, joint ventures, alliances, licensing agreements and divestitures;
Pension plan funding requirements;
Future cash flow and uses of cash;
Future repurchases of the Company’s Common Stock;
Future amounts of stock-based compensation expense;
Future earnings and other measurements of financial performance;
Ability to meet cash operating requirements;
Future levels of indebtedness and capital spending;
Ability to meet financial covenants in the Company’s senior secured revolving credit facility;
Future impact of the variability of interest rates;
Future impact of foreign currency exchange rates;
The expected future impact of recently issued accounting pronouncements upon adoption;
Future effective income tax rates and realization of deferred tax assets;
Estimates of fair values of reporting units and long-lived assets used in assessing goodwill and long-lived assets for possible impairment; and
The expected outcomes of legal proceedings, claims, investigations and other contingencies.

All forward-looking statements are inherently subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause the actual results of the Company to differ materially from those reflected in forward-looking statements made in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, in press releases and in other statements made by the Company’s authorized officers. Such risks and uncertainties include, among others, worldwide economic cycles that affect the markets which the Company’s businesses serve which could have an effect on demand for the Company’s products and impact the Company’s profitability, challenges encountered by Lydall in the integration of the Industrial Filtration business, disruptions in the global credit and financial markets, including diminished liquidity and credit availability, swings in consumer confidence and spending, unstable economic growth, raw material pricing and supply issues, fluctuations in unemployment rates, increases in fuel prices, and outcomes of legal proceedings, claims and investigations, including with respect to possible violations of German anti-trust laws by employees in our German operation as well as other risks and uncertainties identified in Part II, Item 1A – Risk Factors of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and Part I, Item 1A Risk Factors of Lydall’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.


3




The forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q speak only as of the date of the initial filing of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or, in the case of any document incorporated by reference, the date of that document. Lydall does not undertake to publically update or revise any forward-looking statement made in this report or that may from time to time be made by or on behalf of the Company.

4




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
LYDALL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Data)
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Unaudited)
Net sales
$
134,227

 
$
97,995

Cost of sales
105,663

 
77,501

Gross profit
28,564

 
20,494

Selling, product development and administrative expenses
22,785

 
13,108

Operating income
5,779

 
7,386

Interest expense
327

 
77

Other income, net
(508
)
 
(16
)
Income before income taxes
5,960

 
7,325

Income tax expense
1,802

 
2,750

Net income
$
4,158

 
$
4,575

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.25

 
$
0.28

Diluted
$
0.24

 
$
0.27

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
16,684

 
16,437

Diluted
17,043

 
16,735

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

5




LYDALL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(In Thousands Except Per Share Data)

 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Unaudited)
Net sales
$
408,246

 
$
298,075

Cost of sales
318,830

 
233,179

Gross profit
89,416

 
64,896

Selling, product development and administrative expenses
63,438

 
41,472

Operating income
25,978

 
23,424

Interest expense
819

 
231

Other (income) expense, net
(154
)
 
44

Income before income taxes
25,313

 
23,149

Income tax expense
9,199

 
8,127

Net income
$
16,114

 
$
15,022

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.97

 
$
0.90

Diluted
$
0.95

 
$
0.89

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
Basic
16,615

 
16,599

Diluted
16,967

 
16,888


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


6




LYDALL, INC. 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(In Thousands)
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Net income
$
4,158

 
$
4,575

 
$
16,114

 
$
15,022

Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(7,840
)
 
2,772

 
(7,843
)
 
1,774

Pension liability adjustment, net of tax
1,199

 
166

 
1,422

 
497

Comprehensive income
$
(2,483
)
 
$
7,513

 
$
9,693

 
$
17,293

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 

7




LYDALL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In Thousands)
 
 
September 30,
2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
 

 
 

Current assets:
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
76,567

 
$
75,407

Accounts receivable, less allowances (2014 - $1,275; 2013 - $480)
91,741

 
52,301

Inventories
49,280

 
34,917

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
11,678

 
9,636

Total current assets
229,266

 
172,261

Property, plant and equipment, at cost
306,051

 
265,476

Accumulated depreciation
(192,341
)
 
(186,613
)
Net, property, plant and equipment
113,710

 
78,863

Goodwill
22,134

 
18,589

Other intangible assets, net
8,213

 
3,510

Other assets, net
2,225

 
1,462

Total assets
$
375,548

 
$
274,685

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of long-term debt
$
637

 
$
663

Accounts payable
47,616

 
29,768

Accrued payroll and other compensation
12,901

 
10,393

Accrued taxes
2,913

 
1,816

Other accrued liabilities
6,922

 
6,044

Total current liabilities
70,989

 
48,684

Long-term debt
60,488

 
1,051

Deferred tax liabilities
14,274

 
8,747

Benefit plan liabilities
13,065

 
14,097

Other long-term liabilities
2,973

 
2,019

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies (Note 12)


 


Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

Common stock
2,446

 
2,410

Capital in excess of par value
66,731

 
62,284

Retained earnings
236,366

 
220,252

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(15,265
)
 
(8,844
)
Treasury stock, at cost
(76,519
)
 
(76,015
)
Total stockholders’ equity
213,759

 
200,087

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
375,548

 
$
274,685

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 


8




LYDALL, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In Thousands)
 
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Unaudited)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 

 
 

Net income
$
16,114

 
$
15,022

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
13,177

 
9,586

Inventory step-up amortization
2,053

 

Deferred income taxes
(4,358
)
 
2,722

Stock based compensation
2,023

 
1,187

Pension settlement charge
4,870

 

Loss on disposition of property, plant and equipment
73

 
234

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(13,184
)
 
(15,768
)
Inventories
7,385

 
(6,950
)
Accounts payable
1,065

 
4,635

Accrued payroll and other compensation
1,469

 
(1,253
)
Accrued taxes
1,763

 
(1,247
)
Other, net
(1,951
)
 
2,740

Net cash provided by operating activities
30,499

 
10,908

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(79,407
)
 

Capital expenditures
(8,641
)
 
(9,502
)
Acquisition earn out payments
(113
)
 
(158
)
Net cash used for investing activities
(88,161
)
 
(9,660
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from borrowings
60,000

 

Debt repayments
(491
)
 
(536
)
Common stock issued
1,566

 
1,204

Common stock repurchased
(504
)
 
(6,411
)
Excess tax benefit on stock awards
956

 
197

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
61,527

 
(5,546
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(2,705
)
 
671

Increase (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
1,160

 
(3,627
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
75,407

 
63,623

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
76,567

 
$
59,996

 
Non-cash capital expenditures of $2.6 million were included in accounts payable at September 30, 2014.

See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
 


9




LYDALL, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
1.
Basis of Financial Statement Presentation
 
Description of Business
 
Lydall, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “Lydall”) design and manufacture specialty engineered filtration media, industrial thermal insulating solutions, automotive thermal and acoustical barriers, medical filtration media and devices and biopharmaceutical processing components for thermal/acoustical, filtration/separation, and bio/medical applications.
 
On February 20, 2014, the Company completed an acquisition of certain industrial filtration businesses (“Industrial Filtration”) of Andrew Industries Limited, an Altham, United Kingdom based corporation. The Industrial Filtration business serves a global customer base in the manufacture of non-woven felt filtration media and filter bags used primarily in industrial air filtration applications including power, cement, asphalt, incineration, food and pharmaceutical. The Industrial Filtration business is being reported as its own reportable segment since the acquisition date.
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Lydall, Inc. and its subsidiaries. All financial information is unaudited for the interim periods reported. All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with the same accounting principles followed in the preparation of the Company’s annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2013. The operating results of the Industrial Filtration segment have been included in the Consolidated Statement of Operations since the date of the acquisition. The year-end Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from the December 31, 2013 audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Management believes that all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the Company’s condensed consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods reported, have been included. For further information, refer to the audited consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
 
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
 
Effective January 1, 2014, the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2013-11, Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists (Topic 740). This ASU required entities to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, in their financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. The objective of this update is to eliminate the diversity in practice in the presentation of unrecognized tax benefits when a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward exists. The adoption of this ASU did not have a significant impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (Topic 606). This ASU provides guidance for revenue recognition and affects any entity that either enters into contracts with customers to transfer goods or services or enters into contracts for the transfer of nonfinancial assets and supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, “Revenue Recognition,” and most industry-specific guidance. The standard’s core principle is the recognition of revenue when a company transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. In doing so, companies will need to use more judgment and make more estimates than under the current guidance. These may include identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is not permitted.  The Company is currently evaluating the method and impact the adoption of ASU 2014-09 will have on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In June 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-12, “Compensation - Stock Compensation” (Topic 718): Accounting for Share-Based Payments When the Terms of an Award Provide That a Performance Target Could be Achieved after the Requisite Service Period. This ASU affects entities that grant their employees share-based payments in which terms of the award provide that a performance target that affects vesting could be achieved after the requisite service period. The amendments in this ASU require that a performance target that affects vesting and that could be achieved after the requisite service period be treated as a performance condition. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted. The Company

10




is currently evaluating the method and impact the adoption of ASU 2014-12 will have on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, “Disclosure of Uncertainties about an Entity's Ability to Continue as a Going Concern” (Subtopic 205-40). This ASU establishes specific guidance to an organization's management on their responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about the organization's ability to continue as a going concern. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016. Early adoption is permitted.  This ASU is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

 
2.
Acquisition
 
On February 20, 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of certain industrial filtration businesses of Andrew Industries Limited, an Altham, United Kingdom based corporation. The Industrial Filtration business serves a global customer base in the manufacture of non-woven felt filtration media and filter bags used primarily in industrial air filtration applications including power, cement, asphalt, incineration, food and pharmaceutical. This business, which strengthened the Company’s position as an industry leading, global provider of filtration and engineered materials products, added complementary and new technologies and diversified the Company’s end markets and geographic base. The Company acquired the Industrial Filtration business for $86.9 million in cash (including cash acquired of $7.5 million and a post-closing adjustment payment of $0.2 million to Andrew Industries Limited) and with no debt being acquired. The purchase price was financed with a combination of cash on hand and $60.0 million of borrowings through the Company’s amended $100 million credit facility.
 
The Company did not incur any transaction related costs for the three months ended September 30, 2014. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company incurred $2.6 million of transaction related costs. These transaction related costs include investment banker fees, legal fees and other professional services fees to complete the transaction. These corporate office expenses have been recognized in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations as selling, product development and administrative expenses.
 
The operating results of the Industrial Filtration business have been included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations since February 20, 2014, the date of the acquisition. The Industrial Filtration business is being reported as a separate reportable segment. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Industrial Filtration segment reported net sales of $30.6 million and $82.3 million, respectively. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Industrial Filtration segment reported operating income of $1.8 million and $4.8 million, respectively. Operating income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 included $0.2 million and $2.1 million, respectively, of purchase accounting inventory fair value step-up adjustments in cost of sales upon the sale of inventory. The total purchase accounting inventory fair value step-up adjustment included in the balance sheet at the acquisition date was $2.1 million.
 
The following table summarizes the fair values of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the date of the acquisition:
In thousands
 

Cash
$
7,493

Accounts Receivable
26,779

Inventory
25,046

Other current assets
2,894

Property, plant and equipment
38,780

Deferred Taxes
2,501

Intangible assets (Note 4)
5,596

Goodwill (Note 4)
3,943

Total assets acquired
113,032

 
 
Other liabilities
(18,002
)
Deferred taxes
(8,130
)
Total liabilities assumed
(26,132
)
Net assets acquired
$
86,900

 
The final purchase price allocation was subject to post-closing adjustments pursuant to the terms of the Sale and Purchase Agreement with Andrews Industries Limited. As a result, in the third quarter of 2014, the Company paid an additional $0.2 million to Andrews Industries Limited, representing the final post-closing adjustment.

11




The following table reflects the unaudited pro forma operating results of the Company for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, which give effect to the acquisition of Industrial Filtration as if it had occurred on January 1, 2013. The pro forma information includes the historical financial results of the Company and Industrial Filtration. The pro forma results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that would have occurred had the acquisition been effective January 1, 2013, nor are they intended to be indicative of results that may occur in the future. The pro forma information does not include the effects of any synergies related to the acquisition.
 
(Unaudited Pro Forma)
(Unaudited Pro Forma)
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
Nine Months Ended September 30,
In thousands
2014
 
2013
2014
 
2013
Net Sales
$
134,227

 
$
129,362

$
425,762

 
$
393,217

Net Income
$
4,414

 
$
5,793

$
20,569

 
$
15,490

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.26

 
$
0.35

$
1.24

 
$
0.93

Diluted
$
0.26

 
$
0.35

$
1.21

 
$
0.92

 
Pro forma earnings during the three months ended September 30, 2014 were adjusted to exclude non-recurring items such as expense related to the fair value adjustment to inventory of $0.2 million. No amount is included in the pro forma earnings during the three months ended September 30, 2014 related to inventory fair value adjustments which would have been recognized in cost of sales as the corresponding inventory would have been completely sold during 2013.
 
Pro forma earnings during the three months ended September 30, 2013 were adjusted to include expense of $0.2 million related to the amortization of acquired Industrial Filtration intangible assets recognized at fair value in purchase accounting and $0.2 million of interest expense associated with borrowings under the Company’s Amended Credit Facility.

Pro forma earnings during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were adjusted to exclude non-recurring items such as acquisition-related costs of $2.6 million and expense related to the fair value adjustment to inventory of $2.1 million, and to include additional amortization of the acquired Industrial Filtration intangible assets recognized at fair value in purchase accounting as well as additional interest expense associated with borrowings under the Company’s Amended Credit Facility. No amount is included in the pro forma earnings during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 related to inventory fair value adjustments which would have been recognized in cost of sales as the corresponding inventory would have been completely sold during 2013.
 
Pro forma earnings during the nine months ended September 30, 2013 were adjusted to include acquisition-related costs of $2.6 million and expense of $2.5 million related to the amortization of the fair value adjustments to inventory and additional amortization of the acquired Industrial Filtration intangible assets recognized at fair value in purchase accounting as well as $0.6 million of interest expense associated with borrowings under the Company’s Amended Credit Facility.
 
3. Inventories
 
Inventories as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 were as follows:
In thousands
September 30,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Raw materials
$
21,096

 
$
11,944

Work in process
14,550

 
14,546

Finished goods
15,733

 
9,537

 
51,379

 
36,027

Less: Progress billings
(2,099
)
 
(1,110
)
Total inventories
$
49,280

 
$
34,917

 
Included in work in process is gross tooling inventory of $7.8 million and $9.9 million at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively. Tooling inventory, net of progress billings, was $5.7 million and $8.8 million at September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively.
 

12




4. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill:

The Company tests its goodwill for impairment annually in the fourth quarter, and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may exceed its fair value.
 
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were as follows:
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
Currency
translation adjustments
 
Additions
 
September 30, 2014
In thousands
 
 
 
 
Performance Materials
 
$
13,929

 
$
(398
)
 
$

 
$
13,531

Industrial Filtration
 

 

 
3,943

 
3,943

Other Products and Services
 
4,660

 

 

 
4,660

Total goodwill
 
$
18,589

 
$
(398
)
 
$
3,943

 
$
22,134

 
The goodwill associated with the Industrial Filtration segment results from the acquisition of the Industrial Filtration business on February 20, 2014. The amount allocated to goodwill is reflective of the benefits the Company expects to realize from the entrance into new global markets and Industrial Filtration's assembled workforce. None of the recognized goodwill is expected to be deductible for income tax purposes.
 
Other Intangible Assets:
 
The table below presents the gross carrying amount and, as applicable, the accumulated amortization of the Company’s acquired intangible assets other than goodwill included in “Other intangible assets, net” in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013:
 
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
In thousands
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Amortized intangible assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

License agreements
 
$
838

 
$
(838
)
 
$
881

 
$
(881
)
Technology
 
2,500

 
(101
)
 

 

Customer Relationships
 
2,513

 
(134
)
 

 

Patents
 
6,275

 
(3,318
)
 
6,766

 
(3,307
)
Other
 
818

 
(340
)
 
278

 
(227
)
Total amortized intangible assets
 
$
12,944

 
$
(4,731
)
 
$
7,925

 
$
(4,415
)
 
In connection with the acquisition of Industrial Filtration in February 2014, the Company recorded intangible assets of $5.6 million, which included $2.5 million of customer relationships, $2.5 million of purchased technology, $0.3 million of net favorable operating leases, and $0.2 million of trade names. The weighted average useful lives of the acquired assets were 11 years, 15 years, 7 years and 5 years, respectively.
 
5. Long-term Debt and Financing Arrangements
 
On February 18, 2014, the Company amended and restated its $35.0 million senior secured domestic revolving credit facility (“Amended Credit Facility”) with a financial institution and two additional lenders, increasing the available borrowing from $35 million to $100 million. The Amended Credit Facility is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The maturity date for the Amended Credit Facility is January 31, 2019, at which time amounts outstanding under the Amended Credit Facility are due and payable. The Company entered into this Amended Credit Facility in part to fund a majority of the purchase price of the Industrial Filtration business.
 
Under the terms of the Amended Credit Facility, the lenders are providing a $100 million revolving credit facility to the Company, under which the lenders may make revolving loans and issue letters of credit to or for the benefit of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Amended Credit Facility may be increased by an aggregate amount not to exceed $50 million through an accordion feature, subject to specified conditions.

13




 The Amended Credit Facility contains a number of affirmative and negative covenants, including financial and operational covenants. The Company is required to meet a minimum interest coverage ratio. The interest coverage ratio requires that, at the end of each fiscal quarter, the ratio of consolidated EBIT to Consolidated Interest Charges, both as defined in the Amended Credit Facility, may not be less than 2.0 to 1.0 for the immediately preceding 12 month period. In addition, the Company must maintain a Consolidated Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Amended Credit Facility, as of the end of each fiscal quarter of no greater than 3.0 to 1.0. The Company must also meet minimum consolidated EBITDA as of the end of each fiscal quarter for the preceding 12 month period of $30.0 million. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at September 30, 2014.
 
Interest is charged on borrowings at the Company’s option of either: (i) Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate, or (ii) the Eurodollar Rate plus the Applicable Rate. The Base Rate is a fluctuating rate equal to the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime rate as set by Bank of America, and (c) the Eurocurrency Rate plus 1.00%. The Eurocurrency Rate means (i) if denominated in LIBOR quoted currency, a fluctuating LIBOR per annum rate equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate; (ii) if denominated in Canadian Dollars, the rate per annum equal to the Canadian Dealer Offered Rate; or (iii) the rate per annum as designated with respect to such alternative currency at the time such alternative currency is approved by the Lenders. The Applicable Rate is determined based on the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement). The Applicable Rate added to the Base Rate Committed Loans ranges from 15 basis points to 100 basis points, and the Applicable Rate added to Eurocurrency Rate Committed Loans and Letters of Credit ranges from 75 basis points to 175 basis points. The Company pays a quarterly fee ranging from 20 basis points to 30 basis points on the unused portion of the $100 million available under the Amended Credit Agreement. At September 30, 2014, the Company had borrowing availability of $37.7 million under the Amended Credit Facility net of standby letters of credit outstanding of $2.3 million.
 
The Company’s previous $35 million senior secured domestic revolving credit facility (“Domestic Credit Facility”) that was outstanding at December 31, 2013, was entered into on June 16, 2011. The Domestic Credit Facility was secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The maturity date for the Domestic Credit Facility was June 15, 2016. The Company had no borrowings under the Domestic Credit Facility during 2013 and no outstanding borrowings at December 31, 2013. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at December 31, 2013.
 
The Company has a capital lease agreement for the land and building at the St. Nazaire, France operating facility, included in the Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment, requiring monthly principal and interest payments through 2016. The capital lease provides an option for the Company to purchase the land and building at the end of the lease for a nominal amount.
 
Total outstanding debt consists of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
September 30,
 
December 31,
In thousands
 
Effective Rate
 
Maturity
 
2014
 
2013
Revolver Loan, due January 31, 2019
 
1.40
%
 
2019
 
$
60,000

 
$

Capital Lease, land and building, St. Nazaire, France
 
5.44
%
 
2016
 
1,080

 
1,647

Capital Lease, manufacturing equipment, Hamptonville, North Carolina
 
5.00
%
 
2017
 
45

 
67

 
 
 

 
 
 
61,125

 
1,714

Less portion due within one year
 
 

 
 
 
(637
)
 
(663
)
Total long-term debt
 
 

 
 
 
$
60,488

 
$
1,051

 
The carrying value of the Company’s Amended Credit Facility approximates fair value given the variable rate nature of the debt. As such this debt would be classified as a Level 2 liability within the fair value hierarchy.
 
The weighted average interest rate on long-term debt was 1.5% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 5.4% for the year ended December 31, 2013.
 
6. Equity Compensation Plans
 
As of September 30, 2014, the Company’s equity compensation plans consisted of the 2003 Stock Incentive Compensation Plan (the “2003 Plan”) and the 2012 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2012 Plan” and together with the 2003 Plan, the “Plans”) under which incentive and non-qualified stock options and time and performance based restricted shares have been granted to employees and directors from authorized but unissued shares of common stock or treasury shares. The 2003 Plan is not active, but continues to govern all outstanding awards granted under the plan until the awards themselves are exercised or terminate in accordance with their terms. The 2012 Plan, approved by shareholders on April 27, 2012, authorizes 1.75 million shares of common stock for awards. The 2012 Plan also authorizes an additional 1.2 million shares of common stock to the extent awards granted under prior stock plans that were outstanding as of April 27, 2012 are forfeited. The 2012 Plan provides for the following types of awards: options, restricted stock, restricted stock units and other stock-based awards.

14




The Company incurred compensation expense of $0.7 million and $0.5 million for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013, respectively, and $2.0 million and $1.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and September 30, 2013, respectively, for the Plans, including restricted stock awards. No compensation costs were capitalized as part of inventory.
 
Stock Options
 
The following table is a summary of outstanding and exercisable options as of September 30, 2014:
In thousands except per share
amounts and years
 
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term
(years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
Outstanding at September 30, 2014
 
571

 
$
10.90

 
6.1
 
$
9,195

Exercisable at September 30, 2014
 
319

 
$
9.43

 
4.5
 
$
5,599

Expected to Vest at September 30, 2014
 
240

 
$
12.76

 
8.1
 
$
3,422

 
There were no stock options granted and 92,050 stock options exercised during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and no stock options granted and 183,267 stock options exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The amount of cash received from the exercise of stock options was $0.7 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and $1.6 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. The intrinsic value of stock options exercised was $1.9 million with a tax benefit of $0.6 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and the intrinsic value of stock options exercised was $3.2 million with a tax benefit of $1.1 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. There were no stock options granted and 30,074 stock options exercised during the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and 12,500 stock options granted and 128,060 exercised during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The amount of cash received from the exercise of stock options was $0.3 million during the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and $1.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. The intrinsic value of stock options exercised was $0.2 million with a minimal tax-benefit during the quarter ended September 30, 2013 and the intrinsic value of stock options exercised was $0.7 million with a tax benefit of $0.2 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. At September 30, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to non-vested stock option awards was approximately $1.1 million, with a weighted average expected amortization period of 2.3 years.
 
Restricted Stock
 
Restricted stock includes both performance-based and time-based awards. There were no time-based restricted shares granted during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and 28,769 time-based restricted shares granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. There were no performance-based restricted shares granted during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 and 138,000 performance-based restricted shares granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, which have a 2016 earnings per share target. During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, there were 64,200 performance-based shares that vested in accordance with Plan provisions. There were 6,750 time-based shares that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. There were 5,000 time-based restricted shares granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2013. There were 84,790 performance-based restricted shares granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2013, which have a 2015 earnings per share target. During the nine months ended September 30, 2013, there were 61,800 performance-based shares that vested in accordance with Plan provisions. At September 30, 2014, there were 410,664 unvested restricted stock awards with total unrecognized compensation cost related to these awards of $3.5 million with a weighted average expected amortization period of 2.1 years. Compensation expense for performance based awards is recorded based on management’s assessment of the probability of achieving the performance goals and service period.
 

7. Stock Repurchases
 
In April 2012, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a stock repurchase program (the “2012 Stock Repurchase Program”), which authorized the Company to repurchase up to 1.0 million shares of its common stock. The Company did not repurchase any stock during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 under the 2012 Stock Repurchase Program. As of September 30, 2014, there were 267,089 shares remaining and authorized for repurchase under the 2012 Stock Repurchase Program.
 
During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company purchased 24,739 shares of common stock valued at $0.5 million, through withholding, pursuant to provisions in agreements with recipients of restricted stock granted under the Company’s equity compensation plans, which allow the Company to withhold the number of shares having fair value equal to each recipient’s tax withholding due.

15


8. Employer Sponsored Benefit Plans
 
As of September 30, 2014, the Company maintains a defined benefit pension plan that covers certain domestic Lydall employees (“domestic pension plan”) that is closed to new employees and benefits are no longer accruing. The domestic pension plan is noncontributory and benefits are based on either years of service or eligible compensation paid while a participant is in the plan. The Company’s funding policy is to fund not less than the ERISA minimum funding standard and not more than the maximum amount that can be deducted for federal income tax purposes.

On April 1, 2014, the Company offered a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option to certain former U.S. employees who were vested defined benefit plan participants and not currently receiving monthly payments from the Company's domestic pension plan. The election period for this voluntary offer ended in the second quarter of 2014. Approximately 62% of eligible participants elected to receive a one-time lump sum payout resulting in $10.3 million being paid out of domestic pension plan assets in July 2014. This payout required a re-measurement of the domestic pension plan and a partial plan settlement charge, which resulted in a non-cash pre-tax loss of $4.9 million in net periodic pension benefit expense, which was recorded in selling, product development and administrative expenses in the third quarter of 2014, with an offset to accumulated other comprehensive loss in shareholder’s equity, net of $1.9 million tax benefit. The non-cash charge is required to accelerate the recognition of a portion of the previously unrecognized actuarial losses in the domestic pension plan. As a result of the settlement charge in the third quarter of 2014, the net pension plan liability was remeasured and recorded as of July 1, 2014 to be $12.2 million, as compared to the $12.7 million measured and recorded at December 31, 2013.  

The Company expects to contribute approximately $4.2 million in cash to its domestic pension plan in 2014, of which $3.8 million was contributed during the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Contributions of $0.4 million were made during the third quarter of 2014. Contributions of $0.3 million were made during the third quarter of 2013 and $0.9 million were made during the nine months ended September 30, 2013.
 
The following is a summary of the components of net periodic benefit cost, which is recorded primarily within selling, product development and administrative expenses, for the domestic pension plan for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
In thousands
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Components of net periodic benefit cost
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Interest cost
 
$
509

 
$
614

 
$
1,840

 
$
1,841

Expected return on assets
 
(605
)
 
(673
)
 
(2,192
)
 
(2,019
)
Amortization of actuarial loss
 
182

 
267

 
542

 
801

Pension settlement cost
 
4,870

 

 
4,870

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
4,956

 
$
208

 
$
5,060

 
$
623


9. Income Taxes
 
The Company’s effective tax rate was 30.2% and 37.5% for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 36.3% and 35.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The difference in the Company’s effective tax rate for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013 was primarily due to a favorable mix of taxable income generated from countries with lower tax rates compared to that of the United States, and the impact of the pension settlement expense which favorably impacted the third quarter 2014 effective tax rate by approximately 350 basis points. The Company's effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was negatively impacted by discrete income tax charges of approximately $1.0 million, recorded in the first quarter of 2014, primarily for non-deductible transaction related expenses associated with the acquisition of the Industrial Filtration business. The Company’s effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 included a discrete tax benefit of $0.5 million recorded in the first quarter of 2013 as the Company concluded certain U.S. federal income tax matters through the year ended December 31, 2009.
The Company and its subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return, as well as returns required by various state and foreign jurisdictions. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities, including such major jurisdictions as the United States, France, Germany, China, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations for years before 2010, state and local examinations for years before 2002, and non-U.S. income tax examinations for years before 2003.
The Company’s effective tax rates in future periods could be affected by earnings being lower or higher than anticipated in countries where tax rates differ from the United States federal rate, the relative impact of permanent tax adjustments on higher or lower





earnings from domestic operations, changes in net deferred tax asset valuation allowances, the impact of the completion of acquisitions or divestitures, changes in tax rates or tax laws and the completion of tax audits.
10. Earnings Per Share
 
For the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, basic earnings per share were computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Unexercised stock options and unvested restricted shares are excluded from this calculation but are included in the diluted earnings per share calculation using the treasury stock method as long as their effect is not antidilutive.
 
The following table provides a reconciliation of weighted-average shares used to determine basic and diluted earnings per share.
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
In thousands
 
2014
 
2013
2014
 
2013
Basic average common shares outstanding
 
16,684

 
16,437

16,615

 
16,599

Effect of dilutive options and restricted stock awards
 
359

 
298

352

 
289

Diluted average common shares outstanding
 
17,043

 
16,735

16,967

 
16,888

 
For the quarter ended September 30, 2014, there were minimal stock options that were not considered in computing diluted earnings per common share because they were antidilutive. For the quarter ended September 30, 2013, stock options for 0.2 million shares of common stock were not considered in computing diluted earnings per common share because they were antidilutive.

For the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, stock options for 0.1 million and 0.2 million shares of common stock, respectively, were not considered in computing diluted earnings per common share because they were antidilutive.
 
11. Segment Information
 
On February 20, 2014, the Company acquired the Industrial Filtration business from Andrew Industries Limited, which is being reported as a separate reportable segment since the acquisition date. Segment information is consistent with how management reviews the businesses, makes investing and resource allocation decisions and assesses operating performance.
 
The Company’s reportable segments are Performance Materials, Industrial Filtration, Thermal/Acoustical Metals, and Thermal/Acoustical Fibers. Other Products and Services (“OPS”) includes Life Sciences Vital Fluids.
 
Performance Materials Segment
 
The Performance Materials segment includes filtration media solutions for air, fluid power, and industrial applications (“Filtration”), air and liquid life science applications (“Life Sciences Filtration”), and thermal insulation solutions for building products, appliances, and energy and industrial markets (“Thermal Insulation”). Filtration products include LydAir® MG (Micro-Glass) Air Filtration Media, LydAir® MB (Melt Blown) Air Filtration Media, LydAir® SC (Synthetic Composite) Air Filtration Media, and Arioso® Membrane Composite Media. These products constitute the critical media components of clean-air systems for applications in clean-space, commercial, industrial and residential HVAC, power generation, and industrial processes. Lydall has leveraged its extensive technical expertise and applications knowledge into a suite of media products covering the vast liquid filtration landscape across the engine and industrial fields. The LyPore® Liquid Filtration Media series addresses a variety of application needs in fluid power, including hydraulic filters, air-water and air-oil coalescing, industrial fluid processes, diesel filtration and fuel filtration.
 
Industrial Filtration Segment
 
The Industrial Filtration segment includes non-woven felt filtration media and filter bags used primarily in industrial air and liquid filtration applications. Non-woven filter media is the most commonly used filter technology to satisfy increasing emission control regulations in a wide range of industries, including power, cement, steel, asphalt, incineration, mining, food, and pharmaceutical.
 
Industrial Filtration segment products include air and liquid filtration media sold under the brand names Fiberlox® high performance filtration felts, Checkstatic™ conductive filtration felts, Microfelt® high efficiency filtration felts, Pleatlox® pleatable filtration felts, Ultratech™ PTFE filtration felts, Powertech® and Powerlox® power generation filtration felts, Microcap® high efficiency liquid filtration felts, Duotech membrane composite filtration felts, along with traditional scrim supported filtration felts. Industrial Filtration also offers extensive finishing and coating capabilities which provide custom engineered properties tailored to meet the most demanding filtration applications. The business leverages a wide range of fiber types and extensive technical capabilities to

17




provide filtration products that meet our customers’ needs across a variety of applications providing both high filtration performance and durability.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment
 
The Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment offers a range of innovative engineered products to assist in noise and heat abatement within the transportation sector. Lydall products are found in the underbody (tunnel, fuel tank, exhaust, rear muffler, and spare tire) and under hood (engine compartment, turbo charger, and manifolds) of cars, vans, trucks, SUVs, heavy duty trucks and recreational vehicles.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment products are stamped metal combinations which provide thermal and acoustical shielding solutions for the global automotive and truck markets. Thermal/Acoustical Metals products include AMS® shield which is an all metal shield designed to be used in various vehicle applications, and Direct Exhaust Mount Heat shields which are mounted to high temperature surfaces like exhaust down-pipes or engine manifolds using aluminized and stainless steel with high performance heat absorbing metals. The patented CLD (constraint layer damped) material used in our heat shields is a lightweight material with characteristics to reduce vibration and parasitic noise on powertrain mounted heat shields.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment
 
The Thermal/Acoustical Fibers segment offers a line of innovative engineered products to assist in noise and heat abatement within the transportation sector. Lydall products are found in the interior (dash insulators), underbody (wheel well, fuel tank, and exhaust) and under hood (engine compartment) of cars, vans, trucks, SUVs, heavy duty trucks and recreational vehicles.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers segment products offer thermal and acoustical insulating solutions comprised of organic and inorganic fiber composites for the automotive and truck markets primarily in North America. Lydall’s dBCore® composite is a lightweight acoustical composite that emphasizes absorption principles over heavy-mass type systems. Lydall’s dBLyte® barrier is a high-performance acoustical barrier with sound absorption and blocking properties and can be used throughout a vehicle’s interior to minimize intrusive noise from an engine compartment and road. Lydall’s ZeroClearance® barrier is an innovative thermal solution that utilizes an adhesive backing for attachment and is ideal for protecting floor sheet metal from excessive exhaust heat. Lydall’s specially engineered wheel wells provide a solution with weight reduction and superior noise suppression capabilities over conventional designs.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment and Thermal/Acoustical Fibers segment operating results include allocations of certain costs shared between the segments.
 
Other Products and Services
 
The Life Sciences Vital Fluids business offers specialty products for blood filtration devices, blood transfusion single-use containers and the design and manufacture of single-use solutions for cell growth, frozen storage and fluid handling, as well as equipment for bioprocessing applications.
 

18




The tables below present net sales and operating income by segment for the quarters and nine month periods ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, and also a reconciliation of total segment net sales and operating income to total consolidated net sales and operating income.

Consolidated net sales by segment: (1)
 
 
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
In thousands
 
 
2014
 
2013
2014
 
2013
Performance Materials Segment:
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
Filtration
 
 
$
17,911

 
$
15,536

$
55,330

 
$
50,089

Thermal Insulation
 
 
7,525

 
9,877

24,046

 
26,612

Life Sciences Filtration
 
 
3,190

 
2,447

9,355

 
7,610

Performance Materials Segment net sales
 
 
28,626

 
27,860

88,731

 
84,311

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration
 
 
30,553

 

82,344

 

Industrial Filtration net sales
 
 
30,553

 

82,344

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Metal parts
 
 
35,165

 
32,910

110,891

 
101,976

Tooling
 
 
4,835

 
2,939

14,904

 
14,995

Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment net sales
 
 
40,000

 
35,849

125,795

 
116,971

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiber parts
 
 
30,807

 
26,642

95,791

 
80,884

Tooling
 
 
206

 
4,533

4,043

 
6,177

Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment net sales
 
 
31,013

 
31,175

99,834

 
87,061

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Products and Services:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life Sciences Vital Fluids
 
 
5,164

 
4,114

14,752

 
12,684

Other Products and Services net sales
 
 
5,164

 
4,114

14,752

 
12,684

Eliminations and Other
 
 
(1,129
)
 
(1,003
)
(3,210
)
 
(2,952
)
Consolidated Net Sales
 
 
$
134,227

 
$
97,995

$
408,246

 
$
298,075

 
Operating income by segment: (1)
 
 
 
Quarter Ended 
 September 30,
Nine Months Ended 
 September 30,
In thousands
 
2014
 
2013
2014
 
2013
Performance Materials
 
$
2,272

 
$
2,419

$
7,701

 
$
6,967

Industrial Filtration
 
1,833

 

4,817

 

Thermal/Acoustical Metals
 
4,267

 
3,742

10,484

 
11,191

Thermal/Acoustical Fibers
 
6,911

 
5,206

23,531

 
16,792

Other Products and Services
 
537

 
112

1,243

 
593

Corporate Office Expenses
 
(10,041
)
 
(4,093
)
(21,798
)
 
(12,119
)
Consolidated Operating Income
 
$
5,779

 
$
7,386

$
25,978

 
$
23,424

 
(1)
Industrial Filtration segment reports results for the period following the date of acquisition of February 20, 2014 through September 30, 2014.


19




12.    Commitments and Contingencies
 
The Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, investigations and inquiries that arise in the ordinary course of business such as, but not limited to, actions with respect to commercial, intellectual property, employment, personal injury and environmental matters. While the outcome of any matter is inherently uncertain and the Company cannot be sure that it will prevail in any of the cases, subject to the matter referenced below, the Company is not aware of any matters pending that are expected to be material with respect to the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
Lydall Gerhardi GmbH & Co. KG ("Lydall Gerhardi"), which is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and part of the Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment, is cooperating with the German Federal Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt) in connection with an investigation, initiated in the second quarter of 2014, relating to possible violations of German anti-trust laws by and among certain European automotive heat shield manufacturers, including Lydall Gerhardi.
The Company is conducting an internal investigation utilizing outside counsel. In the course of this internal investigation, the Company has discovered instances of inappropriate conduct by certain German employees of Lydall Gerhardi. The Company has disclosed its findings in an application for leniency submitted to the German Federal Cartel Office on July 22, 2014. The Company is continuing its internal investigation and has taken, and will continue to take, remedial actions.
The German Federal Cartel Office has wide discretion in fixing the amount of a fine, up to a maximum fine of ten percent (10%) of the Company’s annual revenue of the year preceding the year in which the fine is imposed. The Company believes a loss is probable. However, in light of the uncertainties and variables involved, the Company is unable to estimate either the timing or the amount of the loss associated with this matter. There can be no assurance that this matter will not have a material adverse effect on the Company.
13.    Changes in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The following table discloses the changes by classification within accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the periods ended September 30, 2014 and 2013:
In thousands
 
Foreign Currency
Translation
Adjustment
 
Defined Benefit
Pension
Adjustment
 
Total
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
(Loss) Income
Balance at December 31, 2012
 
$
3,178

 
$
(21,544
)
 
$
(18,366
)
Other Comprehensive loss
 
1,774

 

 
1,774

Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (a)
 

 
497

 
497

Balance at September 30, 2013
 
4,952

 
(21,047
)
 
(16,095
)
Balance at December 31, 2013
 
6,128

 
(14,972
)
 
(8,844
)
Other Comprehensive loss
 
(7,843
)
 

 
(7,843
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (a)
 

 
1,422

 
1,422

Balance at September 30, 2014
 
$
(1,715
)
 
$
(13,550
)
 
$
(15,265
)

(a)
Amount represents amortization of actuarial losses, a component of net periodic benefit cost. This amount was $1.2 million net of $0.7 million tax benefit and $0.2 million net of a $0.1 million tax benefit for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. This amount was $1.4 million net of $0.9 million tax benefit and $0.5 million net of a $0.3 million tax benefit for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. See Note 8, Employer Sponsored Benefit Plans.












20




Item 2.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
OVERVIEW AND OUTLOOK
 
Business
 
Lydall, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company” or “Lydall”) design and manufacture specialty engineered filtration media, thermal insulating solutions, automotive thermal and acoustical barriers, medical filtration media and devices and biopharmaceutical processing components for filtration/separation, thermal/acoustical, and bio/medical applications.
 
On February 20, 2014, the Company completed an acquisition of certain industrial filtration businesses (“Industrial Filtration”) of Andrew Industries Limited, an Altham, United Kingdom based corporation pursuant to the terms of a Sale and Purchase Agreement (the “Sale and Purchase Agreement”) for $86.9 million in cash (“the Acquisition”). The Company funded the purchase price of the Acquisition from cash on hand and borrowings under the Company’s Amended Credit Facility. The results of Industrial Filtration have been included in the Company’s financial statements since the date of the Acquisition. As a result, the consolidated financial results for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 do not reflect a full nine months of the Industrial Filtration business. The Acquisition resulted in the inclusion of Industrial Filtration’s assets and liabilities as of the acquisition date at their respective fair values. Accordingly, the Acquisition materially affected the Company’s results of operations and financial position.
 
Lydall principally conducts its business through four reportable segments: Performance Materials, Industrial Filtration, Thermal/Acoustical Metals and Thermal/Acoustical Fibers, with sales globally. The Performance Materials segment includes filtration media solutions for air, fluid power, and industrial applications (“Filtration ”), air and liquid life science applications (“Life Sciences Filtration”), and thermal insulation solutions for building products, appliances, and energy and industrial markets (“Thermal Insulation”). The Industrial Filtration segment includes non-woven felt filtration media and filter bags used primarily in industrial air filtration applications. Non-woven filter media is used to satisfy increasing emission control regulations in a wide range of industries, including power, cement, steel, asphalt, incineration, food, and pharmaceutical. The Thermal/Acoustical Metals (“T/A Metals”) segment and Thermal/Acoustical Fibers (“T/A Fibers”) segment offer innovative engineered products to assist in noise and heat abatement within the transportation sector. Included in Other Products and Services (“OPS”) is the Life Sciences Vital Fluids business. Life Sciences Vital Fluids offers specialty products for blood filtration devices, blood transfusion single-use containers and bioprocessing single-use containers and products for containment of media, buffers and bulk intermediates used in biotech, pharmaceutical and diagnostic reagent manufacturing processes.
 
Third Quarter 2014 Highlights
 
Net sales were $134.2 million in the current quarter, compared to $98.0 million in the third quarter of 2013. The third quarter of 2014 includes net sales of $30.6 million from the acquisition of Industrial Filtration, which was completed in February 2014. Operating income was $5.8 million, or 4.3% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2014 compared to $7.4 million, or 7.5% of net sales in the third quarter of 2013. Operating income for the Industrial Filtration segment was $1.8 million in the third quarter of 2014. Net income was $4.2 million, or $0.24 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2014 compared to $4.6 million, or $0.27 per diluted share, in the third quarter of 2013. Operating margin decreased to 4.3% in the third quarter of 2014 compared to 7.5% in the third quarter of 2013 as it was negatively impacted by a non-cash pension plan settlement charge of $4.9 million, recorded in selling, product development and administrative expenses, associated with a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option elected by certain former U.S. employees under the Company's domestic defined benefit pension plan and a $0.2 million purchase accounting adjustment in cost of sales related to inventory step-up. As a result of these expenses, operating margin was negatively impacted by approximately 380 basis points in the third quarter of 2014 and earnings were negatively impacted by $0.19 per diluted share.
 
Below are financial highlights comparing Lydall’s quarter ended September 30, 2014 (“Q3 2014”) results to its quarter ended September 30, 2013 (“Q3 2013”) results:
 
Net sales increased by $36.2 million, or 37.0%, compared to Q3 2013 as net sales increased 5.8% organically and 31.2% from the Acquisition. Foreign currency translation had a minimal impact on sales.

Gross margin increased 40 basis points to 21.3%, compared to 20.9% in Q3 2013, principally led by the T/A Fibers segment which experienced favorable product mix as well as lower raw material costs and improved overhead absorption, partially offset by lower Industrial Filtration segment gross margin.
 
Operating income was $5.8 million, or 4.3% of net sales, compared to $7.4 million, or 7.5% of net sales, in Q3 2013;

21




 
-
Operating income from Performance Materials, T/A Metals, T/A Fibers, OPS and corporate office (“pre-acquisition businesses”) was $3.9 million, or 3.8% of pre-acquisition businesses net sales, compared to $7.4 million, or 7.5% in Q3 2013 as operating margin was negatively impacted by 380 basis points related to a $4.9 million non-cash pension plan settlement charge and $0.2 million purchase accounting adjustment relating to inventory step-up.
 
-
Industrial Filtration segment operating income was $1.8 million, or 6.0% of Industrial Filtration segment net sales, including $0.2 million, or 80 basis points of purchase accounting adjustments relating to inventory step-up.

Effective tax rate of 30.2% in Q3 2014 compared to 37.5% in Q3 2013 as Q3 2014 was positively impacted by the mix of taxable income generated from countries with lower tax rates compared to the United States, and the impact of the pension settlement expense which favorably impacted the third quarter of 2014 effective tax rate by approximately 350 basis points.

 
Operational and Financial Overview

Favorable market conditions, increased demand on existing platforms and new platform awards in North America and Europe led to increased parts net sales in both the T/A Metals and T/A Fibers segments in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. T/A Metals segment net sales increased $4.2 million, or 11.6%, in the third quarter of 2014, compared to the third quarter of 2013. Automotive parts net sales increased by $2.3 million, or 6.9%, in the third quarter 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. Thermal/Acoustical Fibers (“T/A Fibers”) segment net sales in the third quarter of 2014 were essentially flat with the third quarter of 2013, but parts net sales increased by $4.2 million, or 15.6%, compared to the third quarter of 2013, offset by a reduction in tooling net sales. Net sales for the Performance Materials segment increased by $0.8 million, or 2.7%, in the third quarter 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013, primarily from greater filtration and life sciences products net sales within the segment’s European operations, offset to some extent by lower Thermal Insulation product net sales of $2.4 million primarily due to a decline in sales to a key customer. Net sales of $30.6 million in the Industrial Filtration segment were led by favorable demand in North America for felt filtration media. Life Sciences Vital Fluids net sales increased $1.1 million, or 25.5%, compared to the same quarter a year ago, primarily due to increased volumes of bioprocessing and cell therapy product net sales.
 
Liquidity
 
Cash balance was $76.6 million at September 30, 2014 compared to $75.4 million at December 31, 2013. Cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of 2014 was $30.5 million compared to cash provided by operating activities of $10.9 million in the first nine months of 2013. The inclusion of the Industrial Filtration business as well as improved working capital management has led to the improvement in cash provided by operating activities. The Acquisition in February 2014 was funded by borrowing $60.0 million from the Company’s $100 million Amended Credit Facility, with the remaining purchase price funded from the Company’s cash. The Company’s consolidated leverage ratio was approximately 1.1 at September 30, 2014 (as defined in the Amended Credit Facility), significantly below a maximum permitted ratio of 3.0.
 
As of September 30, 2014, the Company had borrowing availability of $37.7 million under the Amended Credit Facility, net of standby letters of credit outstanding of $2.3 million.

 Outlook
 
Going into the fourth quarter of 2014, automotive market conditions remain favorable in North America and Europe for the Company’s T/A Fibers and T/A Metals segments. However, the Company expects fourth quarter sales to be impacted by typical seasonality and customer plant shut-downs, including in North America for a T/A Fibers segment customer as they retool their manufacturing facilities. In the Performance Materials segment, the Company expects sales to be tempered by the impact of normal seasonality, coupled with lower demand for thermal insulation products. The Company is progressing well on the integration of the Industrial Filtration business and continues to expect improvement to future margins and working capital as management fully implements Lydall Six Sigma principles into that business.


Results of Operations
 
All of the following tabular comparisons, unless otherwise indicated, are for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 (Q3-14) and September 30, 2013 (Q3-13) and for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 (YTD-14) and September 30, 2013 (YTD-13).
 

22




Net Sales
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
In thousands
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
Percent
Change
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
Percent
Change
Net sales
 
$
134,227

 
$
97,995

 
37.0
%
 
$
408,246

 
$
298,075

 
37.0
%
 
Net sales for the third quarter of 2014 increased by $36.2 million, or 37.0%, compared to the third quarter ended September 30, 2013. This increase was primarily related to the acquisition of Industrial Filtration which occurred on February 20, 2014. As a result, consolidated net sales for the third quarter ended September 30, 2014 include the Industrial Filtration segment net sales of $30.6 million. There were no Industrial Filtration segment net sales in the third quarter of 2013. Pre-acquisition business net sales increased $5.7 million, or 5.8%, in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. In the T/A Metals segment, higher sales volumes resulted in improved net sales of $4.2 million, or 11.6%, compared to the same quarter a year ago. In the T/A Fibers segment, net sales decreased $0.2 million, or 0.5%, compared to the same quarter a year ago with tooling net sales decreasing $4.3 million, nearly offset by higher parts net sales of $4.2 million. Additionally, net sales increased in the Performance Materials segment by $0.8 million, or 2.7%, and in the Life Sciences Vital Fluids business by $1.1 million, or 25.5%, in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. Foreign currency translation had a minimal impact on net sales for the current quarter, compared with the third quarter of 2013.

Net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 increased by $110.2 million, or 37.0%, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013. This increase was primarily related to the acquisition of Industrial Filtration. As a result, Industrial Filtration segment net sales of $82.3 million since the date of the acquisition are included in the Company's consolidated net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. Pre-acquisition business net sales for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 increased $27.8 million, or 9.3%, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013. In the T/A Fibers and T/A Metals segments, higher sales volumes resulted in improved net sales of $12.8 million, or 14.7%, and $8.8 million, or 7.5%, respectively, compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Additionally, net sales increased in the Performance Materials segment by $4.4 million, or 5.2%, and in the Life Sciences Vital Fluids business by $2.1 million, or 16.3%, during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the same period of 2013. Foreign currency translation increased net sales by $3.0 million, or 1.0%, for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared with the first nine months of 2013, impacting the T/A Metals segment by $2.1 million, or 1.8%, and the Performance Materials segment by $0.9 million, or 1.1%.

Gross Profit
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
In thousands
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
Percent
Change
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
Percent
Change
Gross profit
 
$
28,564

 
$
20,494

 
39.4
%
 
$
89,416

 
$
64,896

 
37.8
%
Gross margin
 
21.3
%
 
20.9
%
 
 
 
21.9
%
 
21.8
%
 
 
 
Gross margin for the third quarter of 2014 was 21.3% compared to 20.9% in the third quarter of 2013. The increase in gross margin was related to pre-acquisition businesses gross margins which increased consolidated gross margin in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the same period in 2013. This increase was primarily the result of improved gross margin from the T/A Fibers segment as a result of increased sales of higher margin part sales compared to lower margin tooling sales, improved absorption of fixed costs and lower raw material costs. The increased gross margins of the pre-acquisition businesses was offset to some extent by the Industrial Filtration segment gross margin. The Industrial Filtration segment gross margin included the negative impact of a $0.2 million purchase accounting adjustment in cost of sales relating to inventory step-up.

Gross margin for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 21.9% compared to 21.8% for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. Gross margin was favorably impacted by the pre-acquisition businesses gross margins which increased consolidated gross margin during the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the comparable period of 2013. This increase was primarily the result of improved gross margin from the T/A Fibers segment as a result of increased sales of higher margin part sales compared to lower margin tooling sales, improved absorption of fixed costs and lower raw material costs. This increase in gross margin was offset due to the inclusion of Industrial Filtration, since the date of acquisition. The Industrial Filtration segment gross margin included the negative impact of a $2.1 million purchase accounting adjustment in cost of sales relating to inventory step-up. Gross margin in the nine months ended September 30, 2013 was favorably impacted by a $1.8 million completed pricing negotiation and non-recurring customer project in the T/A Fibers segment.
 

23




Selling, Product Development and Administrative Expenses
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
In thousands
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
Percent
Change
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
Percent
Change
Selling, product development and administrative expenses
 
$
22,785

 
$
13,108

 
73.8
%
 
$
63,438

 
$
41,472

 
53.0
%
Percentage of sales
 
17.0
%
 
13.4
%
 
 
 
15.5
%
 
13.9
%
 
 
 
Selling, product development and administrative expenses for the third quarter of 2014 increased by $9.7 million compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2013. Inclusion of the Industrial Filtration segment increased selling, product development and administrative expenses by $3.0 million in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. Also, in the third quarter of 2014 the Company incurred a non-cash pension plan settlement charge of $4.9 million associated with a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option elected by certain former U.S. employees under the Company's domestic defined benefit pension plan. Other selling, product development and administrative expenses associated with pre-acquisition businesses increased in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013 related to salaries, benefits and accrued incentive compensation of $1.4 million and professional services of $0.3 million.

Selling, product development and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 increased $22.0 million compared to the same period of 2013. Inclusion of the Industrial Filtration segment increased selling, product development and administrative expenses by $7.0 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013 and $2.6 million of transaction related costs were incurred in the first nine months of 2014 by the corporate office, related to the Acquisition. Additionally, the increase in selling, product development and administrative expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the same period of 2013 was due to a non-cash pension plan settlement charge of $4.9 million associated with a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option elected by certain former U.S. employees under the Company's domestic defined benefit pension plan, and a $2.9 million commission settlement within the T/A Metals segment as the Company terminated a long-standing commercial sales agreement in the second quarter of 2014. Other selling, product development and administrative expenses associated with pre-acquisition businesses increased in the first nine months of 2014, compared to the first nine months of 2013, related to salaries, benefits and accrued incentive compensation of $2.5 million, professional services of $0.9 million, other administrative costs of $0.7 million and product trial costs of $0.5 million.

 Interest Expense
 
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
In thousands
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
Percent
Change
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
Percent
Change
Interest expense
 
$
327

 
$
77

 
324.7
%
 
$
819

 
$
231

 
254.5
%
Weighted average interest rate
 
1.5
%
 
5.4
%
 
 
 
1.5
%
 
5.4
%
 
 
 
The increase in interest expense for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the same periods of 2013 was due to borrowings under the Company’s Amended Credit Facility used to finance the Acquisition, partially offset by lower average principal balances on capital lease obligations.
 
Other Income/Expense
 
Other income and expense for the quarters and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 consisted of activity related to foreign exchange transaction gains and losses and interest income.
 
Income Taxes
 
The Company’s effective tax rate was 30.2% and 37.5% for the quarters ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 36.3% and 35.1% for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013, respectively. The difference in the Company’s effective tax rate for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013 was primarily due to a favorable mix of taxable income generated from countries with lower tax rates compared to that of the United States, and the impact of the pension settlement expense which favorably impacted the third quarter 2014 effective tax rate by approximately 350 basis points. The Company's effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 was negatively impacted by discrete income tax charges of approximately $1.0 million, recorded in the first quarter of 2014, primarily for non-deductible transaction related

24




expenses associated with the acquisition of the Industrial Filtration business. The Company’s effective tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2013 included a discrete tax benefit of $0.5 million recorded in the first quarter of 2013 as the Company concluded certain U.S. federal income tax matters through the year ended December 31, 2009.
The Company and its subsidiaries file a consolidated federal income tax return, as well as returns required by various state and foreign jurisdictions. In the normal course of business, the Company is subject to examination by taxing authorities, including such major jurisdictions as the United States, France, Germany, China, the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations for years before 2010, state and local examinations for years before 2002, and non-U.S. income tax examinations for years before 2003.
The Company’s effective tax rates in future periods could be affected by earnings being lower or higher than anticipated in countries where tax rates differ from the United States federal rate, the relative impact of permanent tax adjustments on higher or lower earnings from domestic operations, changes in net deferred tax asset valuation allowances, the impact of the completion of acquisitions or divestitures, changes in tax rates or tax laws and the completion of tax audits.
Segment Results
 
The following tables present sales information for the key product and service groups included within each operating segment as well as other products and services and operating income by segment, for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared with the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013:
 
Net sales by segment:

 
 
Quarter Ended
In thousands
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
Dollar Change
Performance Materials Segment:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Filtration
 
$
17,911

 
$
15,536

 
$
2,375

Thermal Insulation
 
7,525

 
9,877

 
(2,352
)
Life Sciences Filtration
 
3,190

 
2,447

 
743

Performance Materials Segment net sales
 
28,626

 
27,860

 
766

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration
 
30,553

 

 
30,553

Industrial Filtration net sales
 
30,553

 

 
30,553

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Metal parts
 
35,165

 
32,910

 
2,255

Tooling
 
4,835

 
2,939

 
1,896

Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment net sales
 
40,000

 
35,849

 
4,151

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiber parts
 
30,807

 
26,642

 
4,165

Tooling
 
206

 
4,533

 
(4,327
)
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment net sales
 
31,013

 
31,175

 
(162
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Products and Services:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life Sciences Vital Fluids
 
5,164

 
4,114

 
1,050

Other Products and Services net sales
 
5,164

 
4,114

 
1,050

Eliminations and Other
 
(1,129
)
 
(1,003
)
 
(126
)
Consolidated Net Sales
 
$
134,227

 
$
97,995

 
$
36,232


25




 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
In thousands
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
Dollar Change
Performance Materials Segment:
 
 

 
 

 
 

Filtration
 
$
55,330

 
$
50,089

 
$
5,241

Thermal Insulation
 
24,046

 
26,612

 
(2,566
)
Life Sciences Filtration
 
9,355

 
7,610

 
1,745

Performance Materials Segment net sales
 
88,731

 
84,311

 
4,420

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial Filtration
 
82,344

 

 
82,344

Industrial Filtration net sales
 
82,344

 

 
82,344

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Metal parts
 
110,891

 
101,976

 
8,915

Tooling
 
14,904

 
14,995

 
(91
)
Thermal/Acoustical Metals Segment net sales
 
125,795

 
116,971

 
8,824

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fiber parts
 
95,791

 
80,884

 
14,907

Tooling
 
4,043

 
6,177

 
(2,134
)
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers Segment net sales
 
99,834

 
87,061

 
12,773

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Products and Services:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life Sciences Vital Fluids
 
14,752

 
12,684

 
2,068

Other Products and Services net sales
 
14,752

 
12,684

 
2,068

Eliminations and Other
 
(3,210
)
 
(2,952
)
 
(258
)
Consolidated Net Sales
 
$
408,246

 
$
298,075

 
$
110,171


Operating income by segment:
 
 
Quarter Ended
 
 
 
 
Q3-14
 
Q3-13
 
 
In thousands
 
Operating
Income
 
Operating
Margin %
 
Operating
Income
 
Operating
Margin %
 
Dollar
Change
Performance Materials
 
$
2,272

 
7.9
%
 
$
2,419

 
8.7
%
 
$
(147
)
Industrial Filtration
 
1,833

 
6.0
%
 

 
0.0
%
 
1,833

Thermal/Acoustical Metals
 
4,267

 
10.7
%
 
3,742

 
10.4
%
 
525

Thermal/Acoustical Fibers
 
6,911

 
22.3
%
 
5,206

 
16.7
%
 
1,705

Other Products and Services
 
537

 
10.4
%
 
112

 
2.7
%
 
425

Corporate Office Expenses
 
(10,041
)
 
 
 
(4,093
)
 
 
 
(5,948
)
Consolidated Operating Income
 
$
5,779

 
4.3
%
 
$
7,386

 
7.5
%
 
$
(1,607
)


26




 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
 
YTD-14
 
YTD-13
 
 
In thousands
 
Operating
Income
 
Operating
Margin %
 
Operating
Income
 
Operating
Margin %
 
Dollar
Change
Performance Materials
 
$
7,701

 
8.7
%
 
$
6,967

 
8.3
%
 
$
734

Industrial Filtration
 
4,817

 
5.8
%
 

 
0.0
%
 
4,817

Thermal/Acoustical Metals
 
10,484

 
8.3
%
 
11,191

 
9.6
%
 
(707
)
Thermal/Acoustical Fibers
 
23,531

 
23.6
%
 
16,792

 
19.3
%
 
6,739

Other Products and Services
 
1,243

 
8.4
%
 
593

 
4.7
%
 
650

Corporate Office Expenses
 
(21,798
)
 
 
 
(12,119
)
 
 
 
(9,679
)
Consolidated Operating Income
 
$
25,978

 
6.4
%
 
$
23,424

 
7.9
%
 
$
2,554

 
Performance Materials
 
Segment net sales increased $0.8 million, or 2.7%, in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. Higher demand for filtration products of $2.4 million, particularly air filtration in Europe, and to a lesser extent North America, and Life Sciences Filtration products of $0.7 million, were offset to some extent by lower Thermal Insulation products of $2.4 million. Lower sales of Thermal Insulation products was the result of a decline in sales from a key customer in the HVAC market. Foreign currency translation had minimal impact on net sales in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013.

The Performance Materials segment reported operating income of $2.3 million, or 7.9% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2014, compared to operating income of $2.4 million, or 8.7% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2013. The decrease in operating income was primarily the result of higher selling, product development and administrative costs of $0.5 million associated with higher accrued incentive compensation and product development costs. These increased costs were offset to some extent by higher gross margins primarily from favorable material costs as a result of lean six sigma continuous improvement initiatives.

Segment net sales increased $4.4 million, or 5.2%, in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013. Higher demand for filtration products of $5.2 million, particularly from air filtration and fluid power products in North America and Europe contributed to the increase in net sales. Life Sciences Filtration net sales increased by $1.7 million in the first nine months of 2014, compared to the first nine months of 2013, primarily from life protection application products. Net sales of Thermal Insulation products were lower by $2.6 million in the first nine months of 2014 principally due to a decline in sales to a key customer in the HVAC market. Foreign currency translation positively impacted net sales by $0.9 million, or 1.1%, in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2013.
 
The Performance Materials segment reported operating income of $7.7 million, or 8.7% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2014, compared to operating income of $7.0 million, or 8.3% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2013. The increase in operating income was the result of higher net sales of $4.4 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013 as well as a lower material costs improving gross margin as a result of lean six sigma continuous improvement initiatives. Partially offsetting the higher gross profit was increased selling, product development and administrative costs of $1.1 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013 primarily associated with higher salaries, accrued incentive compensation and product development trial costs.

Industrial Filtration

Segment net sales were $30.6 million in the third quarter of 2014 and $82.3 million from the Acquisition date of February 20, 2014 through September 30, 2014. Additionally, the Industrial Filtration segment reported operating income of $1.8 million, or 6.0% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2014 and $4.8 million, or 5.8% of net sales, from the Acquisition date through September 30, 2014, which included the impact of purchase accounting adjustments in cost of sales related to inventory step-up of $0.2 million and $2.1 million, respectively. There were no comparative results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2013 as the Industrial Filtration segment was created through the Acquisition of that business on February 20, 2014.
 
Thermal/Acoustical Metals
 
Segment net sales increased $4.2 million, or 11.6%, in the third quarter of 2014, compared to the third quarter of 2013. Automotive parts net sales increased by $2.3 million, or 6.9%, compared to the third quarter of 2013 due to increased demand from customers served by the Company’s European and North American automotive operations. Market conditions in North America have continued to remain favorable and improving market conditions in Europe have led to increased sales volumes. Tooling net sales in the third quarter of 2014 increased $1.9 million compared to the third quarter of 2013, due to timing of new product launches.

27




Foreign currency translation had a minimal impact on net sales in the third quarter of 2014 compared with the third quarter of 2013.
 
The Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment reported operating income of $4.3 million, or 10.7% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2014, compared to operating income of $3.7 million, or 10.4% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2013. The increase in operating income was due to an increase in gross profit of $0.6 million primarily due to improved gross margin on tooling sales and a favorable mix of part sales, partially offset by higher aluminum raw material costs. Segment selling, product development and administrative costs increased $0.1 million in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the third quarter of 2013. This increase is primarily due to higher professional service expenses of $0.3 million associated with the on-going German Federal Cartel investigation, and increased salaries and benefits of $0.3 million. These increased expenses were offset by lower commission expense of $0.4 million, primarily from the result of the second quarter 2014 termination of a long-standing commercial sales agreement in Europe, and a decrease in other administrative expenses of $0.1 million.
 
Segment net sales increased $8.8 million, or 7.5%, in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013. Automotive parts net sales increased by $8.9 million, or 8.7%, compared to the first nine months of 2013 primarily due to increased demand from customers served by the Company’s European and North American automotive operations. Tooling net sales in the first nine months of 2014 were essentially flat compared to the first nine months of 2013. Foreign currency translation positively impacted net sales by $2.1 million, or 1.8%, in the first nine months of 2014 compared with the first nine months of 2013.

The Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment reported operating income of $10.5 million, or 8.3% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2014, compared to operating income of $11.2 million, or 9.6% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2013. The decrease in operating income was due to an increase in selling, product development and administrative costs of $3.5 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013. This increase was primarily related to a $2.9 million commission settlement associated with the second quarter of 2014 termination of a long-standing commercial sales agreement in Europe, and an increase in professional service expenses of $0.6 million, primarily legal expenses associated with the on-going German Federal Cartel investigation. The increase in selling, product development and administrative costs was offset to some extent by an increase in gross profit of $2.8 million due to increased sales volume and a favorable mix of sales of automotive parts.

Thermal/Acoustical Fibers
 
Segment net sales decreased $0.2 million, or 0.5%, compared to the third quarter of 2013. Tooling net sales in the third quarter of 2014 decreased $4.3 million compared to the third quarter of 2013 due to timing of new product launches. This decrease was offset by an increase in automotive parts net sales of $4.2 million, or 15.6%, compared to the third quarter of 2013. This increase in automotive parts net sales was driven by higher consumer demand for vehicles in North America on Lydall’s existing platforms and new platform awards as well as timing of certain customer purchases.
 
The Thermal/Acoustical Fibers segment reported operating income of $6.9 million, or 22.3% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2014, compared to operating income of $5.2 million, or 16.7% of net sales, in the third quarter of 2013. The increase in the third quarter of 2014 operating income was primarily attributable to a favorable mix of higher margin parts sales compared to lower margin tooling sales, improved absorption of fixed costs and lower raw material costs resulting in gross margin improvement of approximately 610 basis points. Segment selling, product development and administrative costs in the third quarter of 2014 increased $0.1 million compared to the third quarter 2013, primarily due to increases in salaries and accrued incentive compensation.
 
Segment net sales increased $12.8 million, or 14.7%, in the first nine months of 2014, compared to the first nine months of 2013. Automotive parts net sales increased by $14.9 million, or 18.4%, compared to the first nine months of 2013. This increase was driven by higher consumer demand for vehicles in North America on Lydall’s existing platforms and new platform awards as well as timing of certain customer purchases. Tooling net sales in the first nine months of 2014 decreased $2.1 million compared to the first nine months of 2013 due to timing of new product launches.

The Thermal/Acoustical Fibers segment reported operating income of $23.5 million, or 23.6% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2014, compared to operating income of $16.8 million, or 19.3% of net sales, in the first nine months of 2013. The increase in operating income was primarily attributable to an increase in net sales volume of $12.8 million in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013, a favorable mix of part sales and a reduction in lower margin net tooling sales, as well as improved absorption of fixed costs, lower material costs and labor efficiencies, resulting in gross margin of improvement of 400 basis points. Segment selling, product development and administrative costs in first nine months of 2014 increased $0.4 million compared to the first nine months of 2013, primarily due to increased salaries and accrued incentive compensation. However, segment selling, product development and administrative costs decreased as a percentage of sales in first nine months of 2014 to 4.9% compared to 5.2% in the first nine months of 2013.


28




Other Products and Services
 
Life Sciences Vital Fluids net sales for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 increased $1.1 million, or 25.5%, compared to the same quarter a year ago, primarily due to increased volumes of bioprocessing and cell therapy product net sales.

Life Sciences Vital Fluids reported operating income of $0.5 million, or 10.4% of net sales, for the quarter ended September 30, 2014, compared to operating income of $0.1 million, or 2.7% of net sales, for the third quarter of 2013. This improvement was primarily due to higher net sales and improved absorption of fixed costs. Selling, product development and administrative expenses in the third quarter of 2014 were primarily unchanged from the third quarter of 2013.

Life Sciences Vital Fluids net sales for the first nine months of 2014 increased $2.1 million, or 16.3%, compared to the first nine months of 2013 due to higher volumes of bioprocessing, blood transfusion and cell therapy product net sales, and to a lesser extent, price increases.

Life Sciences Vital Fluids reported operating income of $1.2 million, or 8.4% of net sales, for the nine months ended September 30, 2014, compared to operating income of $0.6 million, or 4.7% of net sales, for the nine months ended September 30, 2013. This improvement was primarily due to higher net sales, favorable mix of products and improved absorption of fixed costs partially offset by increased selling, product development and administrative expenses primarily due to an increase in accrued incentive compensation and an asset write off of $0.1 million associated with the termination of a product distribution agreement.

Corporate Office Expenses
 
Corporate office expenses for the quarter ended September 30, 2014 were $10.0 million, compared to $4.1 million in the third quarter of 2013. The increase of $5.9 million was primarily due to a non-cash pension plan settlement charge of $4.9 million associated with a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option elected by certain former U.S. employees under the Company's domestic defined benefit pension plan, increases in accrued incentive compensation of $0.5 million, salaries and benefit expense of $0.4 million, and non-cash stock based compensation of $0.2 million.

Corporate offices expenses for the first nine months of 2014 were $21.8 million compared to $12.1 million in the first nine months of 2013. The increase of $9.7 million was primarily due to a non-cash pension plan settlement charge of $4.9 million associated with a voluntary one-time lump sum payment option elected by certain former U.S. employees under the Company's domestic defined benefit pension plan and $2.6 million of transaction related costs associated with the Industrial Filtration acquisition on February 20, 2014, including investment banker and legal fees, and accounting professional services. Additionally, other corporate office expenses increased in the first nine months of 2014 compared to the first nine months of 2013, including accrued incentive compensation of $0.6 million, non-cash stock based compensation of $0.6 million, salaries and benefits of $0.2 million, and other administrative expenses of $0.8 million.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The Company assesses its liquidity in terms of its ability to generate cash to fund operating, investing and financing activities. The principal source of liquidity is operating cash flows. In addition to operating cash flows, other significant factors that affect the overall management of liquidity include capital expenditures, investments in businesses, strategic transactions, income tax payments, debt service payments, outcomes of contingencies and pension funding. The Company manages worldwide cash requirements by considering available funds among domestic and foreign subsidiaries. The Company expects to finance its 2014 operating cash and capital spending requirements from existing cash balances, cash provided by operating activities and through borrowings under its existing credit agreement, as needed.
 
At September 30, 2014, the Company had a cash balance of $76.6 million and borrowing availability of $37.7 million under the Amended Credit Facility net of standby letters of credit outstanding of $2.3 million.
 
The Company continually explores its core markets for suitable acquisitions, joint ventures, alliances and licensing agreements. If completed, such activities would be financed with existing cash balances, cash generated from operations, cash borrowings under existing credit facility or other forms of financing, as required.
 
Financing Arrangements
 
On February 18, 2014, the Company amended and restated its $35 million senior secured domestic revolving credit facility (“Amended Credit Facility”) with a financial institution and two additional lenders, increasing the available borrowing from $35 million to $100 million. The Amended Credit Facility is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The maturity date for the Amended Credit Facility is January 31, 2019, at which time amounts outstanding under the Amended Credit Facility

29




are due and payable. The Company entered into this Amended Credit Facility in part to fund $60 million of the purchase price of the Industrial Filtration business.
 
Under the terms of the Amended Credit Facility, the lenders are providing a $100 million revolving credit facility to the Company, under which the lenders may make revolving loans and issue letters of credit to or for the benefit of the Company and its subsidiaries. The Amended Credit Facility may be increased by an aggregate amount not to exceed $50 million through an accordion feature, subject to specified conditions.
 
The Amended Credit Facility contains a number of affirmative and negative covenants, including financial and operational covenants. The Company is required to meet a minimum interest coverage ratio. The interest coverage ratio requires that, at the end of each fiscal quarter, the ratio of consolidated EBIT, to Consolidated Interest Charges, both as defined in the Amended Credit Facility, may not be less than 2.0 to 1.0 for the immediately preceding 12 month period. In addition, the Company must maintain a Consolidated Leverage Ratio, as defined in the Amended Credit Facility, as of the end of each fiscal quarter of no greater than 3.0 to 1.0. The Company must also meet minimum consolidated EBITDA as of the end of each fiscal quarter for the preceding 12 month period of $30.0 million. The Company was in compliance with all covenants at September 30, 2014.
 
Interest is charged on borrowings at the Company’s option of either: (i) Base Rate plus the Applicable Rate, or (ii) the Eurodollar Rate plus the Applicable Rate. The Base Rate is a fluctuating rate equal to the highest of (a) the federal funds rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime rate as set by Bank of America, and (c) the Eurocurrency Rate plus 1.00%. The Eurocurrency Rate means (i) if denominated in LIBOR quoted currency, a fluctuating LIBOR per annum rate equal to the London Interbank Offered Rate; (ii) if denominated in Canadian Dollars, the rate per annum equal to the Canadian Dealer Offered Rate; or (iii) the rate per annum as designated with respect to such alternative currency at the time such alternative currency is approved by the Lenders. The Applicable Rate is determined based on the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio (as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement). The Applicable Rate added to the Base Rate Committed Loans ranges from 15 basis points to 100 basis points, and the Applicable Rate added to Eurocurrency Rate Committed Loans and Letters of Credit ranges from 75 basis points to 175 basis points. The Company will pay a quarterly fee ranging from 20 basis points to 30 basis points on the unused portion of the $100 million available under the Amended Credit Agreement.
 
In addition to the borrowing of $60 million under its Amended Credit Facility, which matures on January 31, 2019, the Company has contractual obligations associated with certain operating leases related to its Industrial Filtration properties of approximately $0.7 million per year through 2019, and $1.6 million thereafter.
 
Operating Cash Flows
 
Net cash provided by operating activities in the first nine months of 2014 was $30.5 million compared with net cash provided by operating activities of $10.9 million in the first nine months of 2013. In the first nine months of 2014, net income and non-cash adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities was $34.0 million compared to $28.8 million in the first nine months of 2013. Since December 31, 2013, net operating assets and liabilities increased by $3.5 million, primarily due to an increase of $13.2 million in accounts receivable partially offset by a decrease in inventory of $7.4 million and higher accounts payable of $1.1 million as well as all other changes in operating assets and liabilities providing $1.3 million in cash. The increase in accounts receivable was primarily due to higher net sales in the third quarter of 2014 compared to the fourth quarter of 2013 across all of the Company’s pre-acquisition businesses. Net operating assets and liabilities in the first nine months of 2013 increased $17.8 million, primarily driven by accounts receivable and inventory increases, partially offset by increases in accounts payable.
 
Investing Cash Flows
 
In the first nine months of 2014, net cash used for investing activities was $88.2 million compared to net cash used for investing activities of $9.7 million in the first nine months of 2013. Investing activities in the first nine months of 2014 primarily consisted of the cash outflow of $79.4 million to fund the Acquisition, net of cash acquired of $7.5 million. Capital expenditures were $8.6 million during the first nine months of 2014, compared with $9.5 million for the same period of 2013. Capital spending for full-year 2014 is expected to be approximately $15.0 million to $18.0 million.

Financing Cash Flows

In the first nine months of 2014, net cash provided by financing activities was $61.5 million compared to net cash used for financing activities in the first nine months of 2013 of $5.5 million. The Company received proceeds of $60.0 million from borrowings under its Amended Credit Facility in the first quarter of 2014 to fund the acquisition of Industrial Filtration. Debt repayments were $0.5 million for the first nine months of 2014 and 2013. The Company received $1.6 million from the exercise of stock options in the first nine months of 2014, compared to $1.2 million in the first nine months of 2013. The Company acquired $0.5 million and $6.4

30




million in company stock through its stock repurchase and equity compensation plans during the first nine months of 2014 and 2013, respectively.
 
Critical Accounting Estimates
 
The preparation of the Company’s consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Footnote 1 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” and Critical Accounting Estimates in Item 7 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, and the “Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements” of this report describe the significant accounting policies and critical accounting estimates used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements. The Company’s management is required to make judgments and estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. Actual results could differ from management’s estimates. There have been no significant changes in the Company’s critical accounting estimates during the quarter or nine months ended September 30, 2014. The Company continues to monitor the recoverability of the long-lived assets at the Company’s DSM Solutech B.V. (“Solutech”) operation as a result of historical operating losses and negative cash flows. Future cash flows are dependent on the success of commercialization efforts of Solutech products by OEMs, the quality of Solutech products and technology advancements and management’s ability to manage costs. In the event that Solutech’s cash flows in the future do not meet current expectations, management, based upon conditions at the time, would consider taking actions as necessary to improve cash flow. A thorough analysis of all the facts and circumstances existing at the time would need to be performed to determine if recording an impairment loss was appropriate.
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Lydall’s limited market risk exposures relate to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates.
 
Foreign Currency Risk
 
On February 20, 2014, the Company acquired the Industrial Filtration business from Andrew Industries Limited as discussed in Note 2, "Acquisition," of the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. The Industrial Filtration business has operations in the United Kingdom and China, in addition to the United States. As a result of this acquisition, and combined with the Company’s other foreign operations, the Company’s financial results could be affected by factors such as changes in foreign currency exchange rates or economic conditions in the foreign markets where the Company manufactures and distributes its products. The Company’s currency exposure is to the Euro, the Japanese Yen, the Chinese Yuan, the Hong Kong Dollar and the British Pound Sterling. The Company’s foreign and domestic operations limit foreign currency exchange transaction risk by completing transactions in local functional currencies, whenever practicable. The Company may periodically enter into foreign currency forward exchange contracts to mitigate exposure to foreign currency volatility. In addition, the Company utilizes bank loans and other debt instruments throughout its operations. To mitigate foreign currency risk, such debt is denominated primarily in the functional currency of the operation maintaining the debt.
 
The Company also has exposure to fluctuations in currency risk on intercompany loans that the Company makes to certain of its subsidiaries. The Company may periodically enter into foreign currency forward contracts which are intended to offset the impact of foreign currency movements on the underlying intercompany loan obligations.
 
Interest Rate Risk
 
The Company’s interest rate exposure is most sensitive to fluctuations in interest rates in the United States and Europe, which impact interest paid on its debt. In February 2014, the Company borrowed $60.0 million from its Amended Credit Facility to fund the Industrial Filtration acquisition. The Company has debt with variable rates of interest based generally on LIBOR. Increases in interest rates could therefore significantly increase the associated interest payments that the Company is required to make on this debt. From time to time, the Company may enter into interest rate swap agreements to manage interest rate risk. The Company has assessed its exposure to changes in interest rates by analyzing the sensitivity to Lydall’s earnings assuming various changes in market interest rates. Assuming a hypothetical increase of one percentage point in interest rates on the $60.0 million borrowing as of September 30, 2014, the Company’s net income would decrease by an estimated $0.4 million over a twelve-month period.
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 

31


The Company’s management, including the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer (the “CEO”) and Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer (the “CFO”), conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”)). There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can only provide reasonable assurance of achieving their control objectives. The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the"SEC"), and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management of the Company, with the participation of its CEO and CFO, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. Based on that evaluation, the CEO and CFO have concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of September 30, 2014 at the reasonable assurance level.
 
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

On February 20, 2014, the Company completed the acquisition of Industrial Filtration.  Management considers this transaction to be material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.  We are currently in the process of evaluating the existing controls and procedures of the Industrial Filtration business and integrating the business into our Section 404 compliance program under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (the “Act”) and the applicable rules and regulations under such Act.  In accordance with such rules, a company is permitted to exclude an acquired business from management’s assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting for the year in which the acquisition is consummated.  The Company will report on its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting of its consolidated operations within the time period provided by the Act and the applicable SEC rules and regulations concerning business combinations.
 
Subject to the foregoing, there have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and Rule 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the quarter ended September 30, 2014 that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

PART II.      OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
The Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, investigations and inquiries that arise in the ordinary course of business such as, but not limited to, actions with respect to commercial, intellectual property, employment, personal injury, and environmental matters. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses against the claims currently asserted against it and intends to defend them vigorously. While the outcome of litigation is inherently uncertain and the Company cannot be sure that it will prevail in any of the cases, subject to the matter referenced below, the Company is not aware of any matters pending that are expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows.

Lydall Gerhardi GmbH & Co. KG ("Lydall Gerhardi"), which is an indirect wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and part of the Thermal/Acoustical Metals segment, is cooperating with the German Federal Cartel Office (Bundeskartellamt) in connection with an investigation, initiated in the second quarter of 2014, relating to possible violations of German anti-trust laws by and among certain European automotive heat shield manufacturers, including Lydall Gerhardi.
The Company is conducting an internal investigation utilizing outside counsel. In the course of this internal investigation, the Company has discovered instances of inappropriate conduct by certain German employees of Lydall Gerhardi. The Company has disclosed its findings in an application for leniency submitted to the German Federal Cartel Office on July 22, 2014. The Company is continuing its internal investigation and has taken, and will continue to take, remedial actions.
The German Federal Cartel Office has wide discretion in fixing the amount of a fine, up to a maximum fine of ten percent (10%) of the Company’s annual revenue of the year preceding the year in which the fine is imposed. The Company believes a loss is probable. However, in light of the uncertainties and variables involved, the Company is unable to estimate either the timing or the amount of the loss associated with this matter. There can be no assurance that this matter will not have a material adverse effect on the Company.
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
See Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. There has been no material change in the risk factors facing the Company since that report was filed. The risks described in the Annual Report on



Form 10-K, and the “Cautionary Note Concerning Forward-Looking Statements” in this report, are not the only risks faced by the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known or that are currently judged to be immaterial may also materially affect the Company’s business, financial position, results of operations or cash flows. 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
In April 2012, the Company’s Board of Directors approved a Stock Repurchase Program (“Repurchase Program”) to mitigate the potentially dilutive effects of stock options and shares of restricted and unrestricted stock granted by the Company. Under the Repurchase Program, up to 1.0 million shares of Common Stock may be purchased by the Company. There is no expiration date for the Repurchase Program.
 
As of September 30, 2014, there were 267,089 shares remaining available for purchase under the Repurchase Program. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, no shares were repurchased under the Repurchase Program. As reflected in the following table, during the three months ended September 30, 2014, the Company acquired 1,021 shares, with an average price paid per share of $24.55, through withholding, pursuant to provisions in agreements with recipients of restricted stock granted under the Company's equity compensation plans, which allow the Company to withhold the number of shares having fair value equal to each recipient's tax withholding due.
 
Period
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid per Share
 
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of
Publicly
Announced
Program
 
Maximum
Number of
Shares That
May Yet Be
Purchased
Under the
Program
July 1, 2014 - July 31, 2014
 

 
$

 

 
267,089

August 1, 2014 - August 31, 2014
 
1,021

 
$
24.55

 

 
267,089

September 1, 2014 - September 30, 2014
 

 
$

 

 
267,089

 
 
1,021

 
$
24.55

 

 
267,089






Item 6.
Exhibits
Exhibit
Number
 
Description
 
 
 
31.1

 
Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, of principal executive officer, filed herewith.
 

 
 
31.2

 
Certification Pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) and Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, of principal financial officer, filed herewith.
 

 
 
32.1

 
Certifications Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, filed herewith.
 

 
 
101.INS

 
XBRL Instance Document
 

 
 
101.SCH

 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 

 
 
101.CAL

 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 

 
 
101.DEF

 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 

 
 
101.LAB

 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

34




SIGNATURE
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
 
LYDALL, INC.
 
 
November 5, 2014
By:
/s/ Robert K. Julian  
 
 
 
 
 
Robert K. Julian
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(On behalf of the Registrant and as
Principal Financial Officer)
 

35




LYDALL, INC.
Index to Exhibits
Exhibit
Number
 
Description