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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

FBL 10Q 2014 Q1

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q

(Mark one)
 
 
[X]
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014
 
 
 
or
 
 
 
[ ]
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
 
 
For the transition period from____________________ to____________________
 
 
 
Commission File Number: 1-11917
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Iowa
 
42-1411715
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
5400 University Avenue, West Des Moines, Iowa
 
50266-5997
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
 
 
(515) 225-5400
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
 
 
 
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [X] Yes [ ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). [X] Yes [ ] No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer [ ]
Accelerated filer [X]
Non-accelerated filer [ ]
Smaller reporting company [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). [ ] Yes [X] No
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
 Title of each class
 
Outstanding at April 29, 2014
Class A Common Stock, without par value
 
24,652,925
Class B Common Stock, without par value
 
11,413




















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FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2014
TABLE OF CONTENTS


PART I.
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders' Equity
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
PART II.
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
    



1


ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Assets
 
 
 
Investments:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities - available for sale, at fair value (amortized cost: 2014 - $5,931,034; 2013 - $5,828,539)
$
6,342,428

 
$
6,081,753

Equity securities - available for sale, at fair value (cost: 2014 - $96,061; 2013 - $90,071)
100,384

 
91,555

Mortgage loans
586,021

 
575,861

Real estate
4,075

 
4,084

Policy loans
178,692

 
176,993

Short-term investments
67,593

 
108,677

Other investments
1,648

 
1,079

Total investments
7,280,841

 
7,040,002

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
32,221

 
6,370

Securities and indebtedness of related parties
117,212

 
116,305

Accrued investment income
81,397

 
75,186

Amounts receivable from affiliates
3,708

 
3,145

Reinsurance recoverable
100,626

 
100,001

Deferred acquisition costs
287,758

 
335,514

Value of insurance in force acquired
18,691

 
23,579

Other assets
72,199

 
67,266

Assets held in separate accounts
694,570

 
693,955

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
8,689,223

 
$
8,461,323


 


2




FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
Future policy benefits:
 
 
 
Interest sensitive products
$
4,357,708

 
$
4,278,871

Traditional life insurance and accident and health products
1,529,062

 
1,515,139

Other policy claims and benefits
36,451

 
45,530

Supplementary contracts without life contingencies
346,070

 
349,761

Advance premiums and other deposits
249,954

 
240,441

Amounts payable to affiliates

 
408

Long-term debt payable to non-affiliates
97,000

 
97,000

Current income taxes
2,657

 
1,499

Deferred income taxes
163,417

 
122,839

Other liabilities
88,538

 
71,089

Liabilities related to separate accounts
694,570

 
693,955

Total liabilities
7,565,427

 
7,416,532

 
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
FBL Financial Group, Inc. stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, without par value, at liquidation value - authorized 10,000,000 shares, issued and outstanding 5,000,000 Series B shares
3,000

 
3,000

Class A common stock, without par value - authorized 88,500,000 shares, issued and outstanding 24,690,439 shares in 2014 and 24,742,942 shares in 2013
139,969

 
134,993

Class B common stock, without par value - authorized 1,500,000 shares, issued and outstanding 11,413 shares in 2014 and 2013
72

 
72

Accumulated other comprehensive income
188,547

 
119,067

Retained earnings
792,172

 
787,609

Total FBL Financial Group, Inc. stockholders' equity
1,123,760

 
1,044,741

Noncontrolling interest
36

 
50

Total stockholders' equity
1,123,796

 
1,044,791

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
8,689,223

 
$
8,461,323
















See accompanying notes.


3


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)

 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
Interest sensitive product charges
$
27,091

 
$
25,304

Traditional life insurance premiums
45,492

 
44,934

Net investment income
92,631

 
90,810

Net realized capital gains (losses) on sales of investments
(540
)
 
3,932

 
 
 
 
Total other-than-temporary impairment losses

 
(646
)
Non-credit portion in other comprehensive income

 

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings

 
(646
)
Other income
3,861

 
3,714

Total revenues
168,535

 
168,048

 
 
 
 
Benefits and expenses:
 
 
 
Interest sensitive product benefits
53,380

 
48,292

Traditional life insurance benefits
41,497

 
39,806

Policyholder dividends
3,345

 
3,358

Underwriting, acquisition and insurance expenses
33,444

 
35,024

Interest expense
1,212

 
1,975

Other expenses
4,128

 
4,384

Total benefits and expenses
137,006

 
132,839

 
31,529

 
35,209

Income taxes
(10,228
)
 
(11,583
)
Equity income, net of related income taxes
1,648

 
1,312

Net income
22,949

 
24,938

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
43

 
28

Net income attributable to FBL Financial Group, Inc.
$
22,992

 
$
24,966

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share
$
0.92

 
$
0.97

Earnings per common share - assuming dilution
$
0.91

 
$
0.96

 
 
 
 
Cash dividends per common share
$
0.35

 
$
0.11

















See accompanying notes.


4


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
Net income
$
22,949

 
$
24,938

Other comprehensive income (1)
 
 
 
Change in net unrealized investment gains/losses
69,308

 
5,677

Non-credit impairment losses

 
(36
)
Change in underfunded status of postretirement benefit plans
172

 
263

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
69,480

 
5,904

Total comprehensive income, net of tax
92,429

 
30,842

Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
43

 
28

Total comprehensive income applicable to FBL Financial Group, Inc.
$
92,472

 
$
30,870


(1)
Other comprehensive income is recorded net of deferred income taxes and other adjustments for assumed changes in deferred acquisition costs, value of insurance in force acquired, unearned revenue reserve and policyholder liabilities.


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)
 
FBL Financial Group, Inc. Stockholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
Retained Earnings
 
Non-
controlling Interest
 
Total Stockholders' Equity
Balance at January 1, 2013
$
3,000

 
$
123,228

 
$
289,853

 
$
796,110

 
$
56

 
$
1,212,247

Net income - three months ended March 31, 2013

 

 

 
24,966

 
(28
)
 
24,938

Other comprehensive income

 

 
5,904

 

 

 
5,904

Issuance of common stock under compensation plans

 
7,194

 

 

 

 
7,194

Purchase of common stock

 
(839
)
 

 
(4,641
)
 

 
(5,480
)
Dividends on preferred stock

 

 

 
(38
)
 

 
(38
)
Dividends on common stock

 

 

 
(2,806
)
 

 
(2,806
)
Receipts related to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 
23

 
23

Balance at March 31, 2013
$
3,000

 
$
129,583

 
$
295,757

 
$
813,591

 
$
51

 
$
1,241,982

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
3,000

 
$
135,065

 
$
119,067

 
$
787,609

 
$
50

 
$
1,044,791

Net income - three months ended March 31, 2014

 

 

 
22,992

 
(43
)
 
22,949

Other comprehensive income

 

 
69,480

 

 

 
69,480

Issuance of common stock under compensation plans

 
6,411

 

 

 

 
6,411

Purchase of common stock

 
(1,435
)
 

 
(9,727
)
 

 
(11,162
)
Dividends on preferred stock

 

 

 
(38
)
 

 
(38
)
Dividends on common stock

 

 

 
(8,664
)
 

 
(8,664
)
Receipts related to noncontrolling interest

 

 

 

 
29

 
29

Balance at March 31, 2014
$
3,000

 
$
140,041

 
$
188,547

 
$
792,172

 
$
36

 
$
1,123,796









See accompanying notes.


5


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
Operating activities
 
 
 
Net income
$
22,949

 
$
24,938

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Interest credited to account balances
37,014

 
35,509

Charges for mortality, surrenders and administration
(26,081
)
 
(24,849
)
Net realized losses (gains) on investments
540

 
(3,286
)
Change in fair value of derivatives
(326
)
 
(425
)
Increase in traditional life and accident and health benefit liabilities
13,923

 
14,126

Deferral of acquisition costs
(10,044
)
 
(12,215
)
Amortization of deferred acquisition costs and value of insurance in force
8,493

 
6,830

Change in reinsurance recoverable
(625
)
 
150

Provision for deferred income taxes
3,125

 
(1,188
)
Other
(18,421
)
 
(12,537
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
30,547

 
27,053

 
 
 
 
Investing activities
 
 
 
Sales, maturities or repayments:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities - available for sale
81,293

 
226,857

Equity securities - available for sale
200

 
7,645

Mortgage loans
8,272

 
9,646

Derivative instruments
253

 
141

Policy loans
9,019

 
9,521

Securities and indebtedness of related parties
1,207

 
403

Acquisitions:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities - available for sale
(161,976
)
 
(235,009
)
Equity securities - available for sale
(6,189
)
 
(2,314
)
Mortgage loans
(18,100
)
 
(10,850
)
Derivative instruments
(617
)
 
(123
)
Policy loans
(10,718
)
 
(8,625
)
Securities and indebtedness of related parties
(3,725
)
 
(6,631
)
Short-term investments, net change
41,084

 
(14,590
)
Purchases and disposals of property and equipment, net
(1,240
)
 
(1,499
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(61,237
)
 
(25,428
)




6


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(Dollars in thousands)

 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
Financing activities
 
 
 
Contract holder account deposits
$
180,472

 
$
119,533

Contract holder account withdrawals
(111,788
)
 
(96,673
)
Receipts related to noncontrolling interests, net
29

 
23

Excess tax deductions on stock-based compensation
507

 
1,100

Repurchase of common stock, net
(3,977
)
 
(359
)
Dividends paid
(8,702
)
 
(2,844
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
56,541

 
20,780

Increase in cash and cash equivalents
25,851

 
22,405

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
6,370

 
78,074

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
32,221

 
$
100,479

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information
 
 
 
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest
$
1,213

 
$
1,975

Income taxes
2,005

 
2,001

































See accompanying notes.


7


FBL FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
March 31, 2014

1. Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of FBL Financial Group, Inc. (we or the Company) have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Our financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary for a fair presentation of our financial position and results of operations.

Operating results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2014 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2014. We encourage you to refer to our consolidated financial statements and notes for the year ended December 31, 2013 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for a complete description of our material accounting policies. Also included in the Form 10-K is a description of areas of judgments and estimates and other information necessary to understand our financial position and results of operations.

Future Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In January 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance related to accounting for investments in low income housing tax credit limited partnerships. Our low income housing tax credit investments totaled $76.7 million at March 31, 2014 and $76.2 million at December 31, 2013. Presently, we account for these investments under the equity method and include related tax benefits as a component of equity income. The new guidance allows us to account for these partnerships using the proportional amortization method, which amortizes the acquisition cost of the partnership in proportion to the recognition of the tax credits associated with these projects. The tax credits, net of the amortization of the partnership interest, would be recognized as a component of income taxes. This guidance will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2014 and must be applied retrospectively, if we elect to change our accounting practice. We are currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance.



8

Table of Contents

2. Investment Operations

Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities

Available-For-Sale Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities by Investment Category
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Non-credit losses on other-than-temporary impairments (1)
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate (2)
$
3,193,531

 
$
285,177

 
$
(30,226
)
 
$
3,448,482

 
$
1,100

Residential mortgage-backed
496,228

 
41,259

 
(5,328
)
 
532,159

 
(3,189
)
Commercial mortgage-backed
414,503

 
23,364

 
(4,347
)
 
433,520

 

Other asset-backed
455,688

 
19,485

 
(6,396
)
 
468,777

 
3,340

United States Government and agencies
38,894

 
4,242

 
(102
)
 
43,034

 

State, municipal and other governments
1,332,190

 
94,640

 
(10,374
)
 
1,416,456

 

Total fixed maturities
$
5,931,034

 
$
468,167

 
$
(56,773
)
 
$
6,342,428

 
$
1,251

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-redeemable preferred stocks
$
70,691

 
$
4,387

 
$
(831
)
 
$
74,247

 
$

Common stocks
25,370

 
767

 

 
26,137

 

Total equity securities
$
96,061

 
$
5,154

 
$
(831
)
 
$
100,384

 
$



9

Table of Contents

Available-For-Sale Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities by Investment Category
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair
Value
 
Non-credit losses on other-than-temporary impairments (1)
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate (2)
$
3,142,476

 
$
229,151

 
$
(64,848
)
 
$
3,306,779

 
$
329

Residential mortgage-backed
492,990

 
35,676

 
(7,938
)
 
520,728

 
(4,155
)
Commercial mortgage-backed
391,845

 
20,014

 
(7,192
)
 
404,667

 

Other asset-backed
444,047

 
19,169

 
(6,673
)
 
456,543

 
1,725

United States Government and agencies
39,261

 
4,218

 
(198
)
 
43,281

 

State, municipal and other governments
1,317,920

 
60,869

 
(29,034
)
 
1,349,755

 

Total fixed maturities
$
5,828,539

 
$
369,097

 
$
(115,883
)
 
$
6,081,753

 
$
(2,101
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-redeemable preferred stocks
$
65,692

 
$
3,141

 
$
(2,383
)
 
$
66,450

 
$

Common stocks
24,379

 
726

 

 
25,105

 

Total equity securities
$
90,071

 
$
3,867

 
$
(2,383
)
 
$
91,555

 
$


(1)
Non-credit losses, subsequent to the initial impairment measurement date, on other-than-temporary impairment (OTTI) losses are included in the gross unrealized gains and losses columns above. The non-credit loss component of OTTI losses for corporate and other asset-backed securities were in an unrealized gain position at March 31, 2014 and December 31, 2013 due to increases in estimated fair value subsequent to initial recognition of non-credit losses on such securities.
(2)
Corporate securities include hybrid preferred securities with a carrying value of $77.2 million at March 31, 2014 and $76.3 million at December 31, 2013. Corporate securities also include redeemable preferred stock with a carrying value of $18.0 million at March 31, 2014 and $17.1 million at December 31, 2013.

Short-term investments have been excluded from the above schedules as amortized cost approximates fair value for these securities.

Available-For-Sale Fixed Maturities by Maturity Date
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Due in one year or less
$
86,287

 
$
87,655

Due after one year through five years
741,647

 
827,667

Due after five years through ten years
964,418

 
1,044,090

Due after ten years
2,772,263

 
2,948,560

 
4,564,615

 
4,907,972

Mortgage-backed and other asset-backed
1,366,419

 
1,434,456

Total fixed maturities
$
5,931,034

 
$
6,342,428


Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties. Fixed maturities not due at a single maturity date have been included in the above table in the year of final contractual maturity.



10

Table of Contents

Net Unrealized Gains (Losses) on Investments in Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2014
 
December 31,
2013
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Net unrealized appreciation on:
 
 
 
Fixed maturities - available for sale
$
411,394

 
$
253,214

Equity securities - available for sale
4,323

 
1,484

 
415,717

 
254,698

Adjustments for assumed changes in amortization pattern of:
 
 
 
Deferred acquisition costs
(105,551
)
 
(55,550
)
Value of insurance in force acquired
(10,799
)
 
(6,356
)
Unearned revenue reserve
6,371

 
2,790

Adjustments for assumed changes in policyholder liabilities
(6,485
)
 
(2,957
)
Provision for deferred income taxes
(104,724
)
 
(67,404
)
Net unrealized investment gains
$
194,529

 
$
125,221


Net unrealized investment gains and losses are recorded net of deferred income taxes and other adjustments for assumed changes in deferred acquisition costs, value of insurance in force acquired, unearned revenue reserve and policyholder liabilities. Subsequent changes in fair value of securities for which a previous non-credit OTTI loss was recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income, are reported along with changes in fair value for which no OTTI losses were previously recognized.

Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities with Unrealized Losses by Length of Time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
 
Less than one year
 
One year or more
 
Total
 
 
Description of Securities
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Percent of Total
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate
 
$
567,597

 
$
(26,039
)
 
$
60,878

 
$
(4,187
)
 
$
628,475

 
$
(30,226
)
 
53.2
%
Residential mortgage-backed
 
60,765

 
(1,458
)
 
21,883

 
(3,870
)
 
82,648

 
(5,328
)
 
9.3

Commercial mortgage-backed
 
53,432

 
(2,235
)
 
22,830

 
(2,112
)
 
76,262

 
(4,347
)
 
7.7

Other asset-backed
 
61,604

 
(1,597
)
 
31,913

 
(4,799
)
 
93,517

 
(6,396
)
 
11.3

United States Government and agencies
 
3,972

 
(102
)
 

 

 
3,972

 
(102
)
 
0.2

State, municipal and other governments
 
188,308

 
(7,869
)
 
24,995

 
(2,505
)
 
213,303

 
(10,374
)
 
18.3

Total fixed maturities
 
$
935,678

 
$
(39,300
)
 
$
162,499

 
$
(17,473
)
 
$
1,098,177

 
$
(56,773
)
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-redeemable preferred stocks
 
$
24,468

 
$
(426
)
 
$
4,595

 
$
(405
)
 
$
29,063

 
$
(831
)
 
 
Total equity securities
 
$
24,468

 
$
(426
)
 
$
4,595

 
$
(405
)
 
$
29,063

 
$
(831
)
 
 



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Table of Contents

Fixed Maturity and Equity Securities with Unrealized Losses by Length of Time
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2013
 
 
Less than one year
 
One year or more
 
Total
 
 
Description of Securities
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Estimated Fair Value
 
Unrealized Losses
 
Percent of Total
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate
 
$
802,161

 
$
(60,138
)
 
$
43,500

 
$
(4,710
)
 
$
845,661

 
$
(64,848
)
 
56.0
%
Residential mortgage-backed
 
92,020

 
(3,548
)
 
20,948

 
(4,390
)
 
112,968

 
(7,938
)
 
6.8

Commercial mortgage-backed
 
53,647

 
(4,454
)
 
28,054

 
(2,738
)
 
81,701

 
(7,192
)
 
6.2

Other asset-backed
 
101,961

 
(1,109
)
 
33,170

 
(5,564
)
 
135,131

 
(6,673
)
 
5.8

United States Government and agencies
 
4,407

 
(198
)
 

 

 
4,407

 
(198
)
 
0.2

State, municipal and other governments
 
353,120

 
(25,700
)
 
19,165

 
(3,334
)
 
372,285

 
(29,034
)
 
25.0

Total fixed maturities
 
$
1,407,316

 
$
(95,147
)
 
$
144,837

 
$
(20,736
)
 
$
1,552,153

 
$
(115,883
)
 
100.0
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-redeemable preferred stocks
 
$
31,639

 
$
(1,756
)
 
$
4,373

 
$
(627
)
 
$
36,012

 
$
(2,383
)
 
 
Total equity securities
 
$
31,639

 
$
(1,756
)
 
$
4,373

 
$
(627
)
 
$
36,012

 
$
(2,383
)
 
 

Fixed maturities in the above tables include 321 securities from 264 issuers at March 31, 2014 and 440 securities from 366 issuers at December 31, 2013. The unrealized losses in fixed maturities were generally due to an increase in risk free rates relative to the risk free rates when the securities were purchased. We do not intend to sell or believe we will be required to sell any of our impaired fixed maturities before recovery of their amortized cost basis. The following summarizes the more significant unrealized losses of fixed maturities and equity securities by investment category as of March 31, 2014.

Corporate securities: The largest unrealized losses were in the utilities sector ($184.2 million carrying value and $9.2 million unrealized loss). The largest unrealized losses in the utilities sector were in the electric ($128.6 million carrying value and $6.4 million unrealized loss) and the gas-pipeline ($40.8 million carrying value and $2.1 million unrealized loss) sub-sectors. The majority of losses in the sector were primarily attributable to general changes in market interest rates for corporate securities.

Residential mortgage-backed securities: The unrealized losses on residential mortgage-backed securities were primarily due to continued uncertainty regarding mortgage defaults on Alt-A loans. We purchased most of these investments at a discount to their face amount and the contractual cash flows of these investments are based on mortgages and other assets backing the securities.

Commercial mortgage-backed securities: The unrealized losses on commercial mortgage-backed securities were primarily due to spread widening and concerns regarding the potential for future defaults. The contractual cash flows of these investments are based on mortgages backing the securities. Unrealized losses on military housing bonds were mainly attributable to spread widening relative to spreads at which we acquired the bonds. Insured military housing bonds have also been impacted by the removal of their ratings following downgrades of the insurance providers.

Other asset-backed securities: The unrealized losses on other asset-backed securities were primarily due to market concerns regarding defaults on subprime mortgages and home equity loans. We purchased most of these investments at a discount to their face amount and the contractual cash flows of these investments are based on mortgages and other assets backing the securities.

State, municipal and other governments: The unrealized losses on state, municipal and other governments were primarily due to general spread widening relative to spreads at which we acquired the bonds.

Equity securities: Our gross unrealized losses were on investment grade non-redeemable perpetual preferred securities within the finance sector. These securities provide periodic cash flows, contain call features and are similarly rated and priced like other long-term callable bonds and are evaluated for OTTIs similar to fixed maturities. The decline in fair value is primarily due to market concerns regarding the sector. We have evaluated the near-term prospects of our equity securities in relation to the severity and duration of their impairment as well as our intent and ability to hold these investments until recovery of fair value, and have concluded they are not other than temporarily impaired.


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Excluding mortgage and asset-backed securities, no securities from the same issuer had an aggregate unrealized loss in excess of $1.8 million at March 31, 2014, with the largest unrealized loss from a supermarket chain. With respect to mortgage and asset-backed securities not backed by the United States Government, no securities from the same issuer had an aggregate unrealized loss in excess of $3.4 million at March 31, 2014, which consists of two different securities from the same issuer that are backed by different pools of Alt-A residential mortgage loans. Both securities are rated non-investment grade and the largest unrealized loss totaled $1.7 million.

The carrying values of all our investments are reviewed on an ongoing basis for credit deterioration. When our review indicates a decline in fair value for a fixed maturity security is an OTTI and we do not intend to sell or believe we will be required to sell the security before recovery of our amortized cost, a specific write down is charged to earnings for the credit loss and a specific charge is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income for the non-credit loss component. If we intend to sell or believe we will be required to sell a fixed maturity security before its recovery, the full amount of the impairment write down to fair value is charged to earnings. For all equity securities, the full amount of an OTTI write down is recognized as a realized loss on investments in the consolidated statements of operations and the new cost basis for the security is equal to its fair value.

We monitor the financial condition and operations of the issuers of fixed maturities and equity securities that could potentially have a credit impairment that is an OTTI. In determining whether or not an unrealized loss is an OTTI, we review factors such as:

historical operating trends;
business prospects;
status of the industry in which the company operates;
analyst ratings on the issuer and sector;
quality of management;
size of unrealized loss;
level of current market interest rates compared to market interest rates when the security was purchased; and
length of time the security has been in an unrealized loss position.

In order to determine the credit and non-credit impairment loss for fixed maturities, every quarter we estimate the future cash flows we expect to receive over the remaining life of the instrument as well as review our plans to hold or sell the instrument. Significant assumptions regarding the present value of expected cash flows for each security are used when an OTTI occurs and there is a non-credit portion of the unrealized loss that won't be recognized in earnings. Our assumptions for residential mortgage-backed securities, commercial mortgage-backed securities and other asset-backed securities include collateral pledged, guarantees, vintage, anticipated principal and interest payments, prepayments, default levels, severity assumptions, delinquency rates and the level of nonperforming assets for the remainder of the investments' expected term. We use a single best estimate of cash flows approach and use the effective yield prior to the date of impairment to calculate the present value of cash flows. Our assumptions for corporate and other fixed maturities include anticipated principal and interest payments and an estimated recovery value, generally based on a percentage return of the current fair value.

After an OTTI write down of all equity securities and any fixed maturities with a credit-only impairment, the cost basis is not adjusted for subsequent recoveries in fair value. For fixed maturities for which we can reasonably estimate future cash flows after a write down, the discount or reduced premium recorded, based on the new cost basis, is amortized over the remaining life of the security. Amortization in this instance is computed using the prospective method and the current estimate of the amount and timing of future cash flows.

Credit Loss Component of Other-Than-Temporary Impairments on Fixed Maturities
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014

2013
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance at beginning of period
$
(21,592
)
 
$
(27,712
)
Reductions due to investments sold
68

 
131

Balance at end of period
$
(21,524
)
 
$
(27,581
)


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The table above sets forth the amount of credit loss impairments on fixed maturities held by the Company as of the dates indicated for which a portion of the OTTI was recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) and corresponding changes in such amounts.

Realized Gains (Losses) - Recorded in Income 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Realized gains (losses) on sales of investments
 
 
 
Fixed maturities:
 
 
 
Gross gains
$
97

 
$
5,640

Gross losses
(637
)
 
(1,708
)
 
(540
)
 
3,932

Impairment losses recognized in earnings:
 
 
 
Other credit-related (1)

 
(646
)
Net realized gains (losses) on investments recorded in income
$
(540
)
 
$
3,286


(1)
Amount represents credit-related losses for mortgage loans and real estate written down to fair value through income.

Proceeds from sales of fixed maturities totaled $12.8 million during the three-months ended March 31, 2014 and $38.2 million during the three-months ended March 31, 2013.

Realized gains and losses on sales of investments are determined on the basis of specific identification.

Mortgage Loans

Our mortgage loan portfolio consists principally of commercial mortgage loans that we have originated. Our lending policies require that the loans be collateralized by the value of the related property, establish limits on the amount that can be loaned to one borrower and require diversification by geographic location and collateral type. We originate loans with an initial loan-to-value ratio that provides sufficient excess collateral to absorb losses should we be required to foreclose and take possession of the collateral. In order to identify impairment losses timely, management maintains and reviews a watch list of mortgage loans that have heightened risk. These loans may include those with borrowers delinquent on contractual payments, borrowers experiencing financial difficulty, increases in rental real estate vacancies and significant declines in collateral value. We evaluate each of our mortgage loans individually and establish an estimated loss, if any, for each impaired loan identified. An estimated loss is needed for loans in which we do not believe we will collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the respective loan agreements.

Any loan delinquent on contractual payments is considered non-performing. At March 31, 2014, and December 31, 2013, there were no non-performing loans over 90 days past due on contractual payments. Interest income is accrued on impaired loans to the extent it is deemed collectible (delinquent less than 90 days) and the loan continues to perform under its original or restructured contractual terms. Interest income on non-performing loans is generally recognized on a cash basis. Once mortgage loans are classified as nonaccrual loans, the resumption of the interest accrual would commence only after all past due interest has been collected or the mortgage loan has been restructured to where the collection of interest is considered likely.



14

Table of Contents

Mortgage Loans by Collateral Type
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Collateral Type
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Office
 
$
247,926

 
42.3
%
 
$
241,951

 
42.0
%
Retail
 
200,752

 
34.3

 
194,053

 
33.7

Industrial
 
123,727

 
21.1

 
126,151

 
21.9

Other
 
13,616

 
2.3

 
13,706

 
2.4

Total
 
$
586,021

 
100.0
%
 
$
575,861

 
100.0
%

Mortgage Loans by Geographic Location within the United States
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Region of the United States
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
South Atlantic
 
$
169,122

 
28.9
%
 
$
170,529

 
29.6
%
Pacific
 
99,074

 
16.9

 
92,538

 
16.1

West North Central
 
88,401

 
15.1

 
85,629

 
14.9

East North Central
 
77,750

 
13.2

 
79,128

 
13.7

Mountain
 
52,670

 
9.0

 
53,460

 
9.3

West South Central
 
38,815

 
6.6

 
39,780

 
6.9

Other
 
60,189

 
10.3

 
54,797

 
9.5

Total
 
$
586,021

 
100.0
%
 
$
575,861

 
100.0
%

Mortgage Loans by Loan-to-Value Ratio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 

Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
0% - 50%
$
172,059

 
29.4
%
 
$
149,719

 
26.0
%
51% - 60%
206,190

 
35.2

 
202,025

 
35.1

61% - 70%
188,248

 
32.1

 
204,460

 
35.5

71% - 80%
15,452

 
2.6

 
15,559

 
2.7

81% - 90%
4,072

 
0.7

 
4,098

 
0.7

Total
$
586,021

 
100.0
%
 
$
575,861

 
100.0
%

The loan-to-value ratio is determined using the most recent appraised value. Appraisals are updated periodically including when there is indication of a possible significant collateral decline or loan modification and refinance requests.



15

Table of Contents

Mortgage Loans by Year of Origination
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
Carrying Value
 
Percent of Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
2014
$
18,100

 
3.1
%
 
$

 
%
2013
86,056

 
14.7

 
84,478

 
14.7

2012
72,173

 
12.3

 
72,792

 
12.6

2011
47,853

 
8.1

 
48,190

 
8.4

2010
25,836

 
4.4

 
26,173

 
4.5

2009 and prior
336,003

 
57.4

 
344,228

 
59.8

Total
$
586,021

 
100.0
%
 
$
575,861

 
100.0
%

 Impaired Mortgage Loans
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Unpaid principal balance
$
22,329

 
$
22,100

Less:
 
 
 
Related allowance
883

 
888

Discount
391

 
429

Carrying value of impaired mortgage loans
$
21,055

 
$
20,783

 Allowance on Mortgage Loans
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Balance at beginning of period
$
888

 
$
1,694

Allowances established

 
475

Charge offs

 
(1,610
)
Recoveries of amounts previously charged off
(5
)
 

Balance at end of period
$
883

 
$
559


Mortgage Loan Modifications

Our commercial mortgage loan portfolio includes loans that have been modified. We assess loan modifications on a loan-by-loan basis to evaluate whether a troubled debt restructuring (TDR) has occurred. Generally, the types of concessions include: reduction of the contractual interest rate to a below market rate, extension of the maturity date, and/or a reduction of accrued interest. The amount, timing and extent of the concession granted is considered in determining if an impairment loss is needed for the restructuring.

There were no loan modifications during the first quarter of 2014. During the first quarter of 2013 we modified one commercial mortgage loan that met the criteria of a TDR with a carrying value after the restructuring of $14.4 million and recognized an impairment loss of $0.5 million.



16

Table of Contents

Variable Interest Entities

We evaluate our variable interest entity (VIE) investees to determine whether the level of our direct ownership interest, our rights to manage operations or our obligation to provide ongoing financial support are such that we are the primary beneficiary of the entity, and are then required to consolidate it for financial reporting purposes. None of our VIE investees were required to be consolidated for any reporting periods presented in this Form 10-Q. Our VIE investments are as follows:

 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Carrying Value
 
Maximum Exposure to Loss
 
Carrying Value
 
Maximum Exposure to Loss
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Real estate limited partnerships
$
17,176

 
$
17,176

 
$
17,646

 
$
17,646


We make commitments to fund partnership investments in the normal course of business. We did not have any other commitments to investees designated as VIEs as of March 31, 2014 or December 31, 2013.

Other

At March 31, 2014, we had committed to provide $35.7 million of additional funds for our limited partnerships and our limited liability companies.

Derivative Instruments

We are not significantly involved in hedging activities and have limited exposure to derivatives. We do not apply hedge accounting to any of our derivative positions. Derivative assets, which are primarily reported in reinsurance recoverable and other investments, totaled $4.4 million at March 31, 2014 and $3.7 million at December 31, 2013. Our derivative assets consist of derivatives embedded within our modified coinsurance agreements and call options which provide an economic hedge for a small block of index annuity contracts. Derivative liabilities totaled $0.4 million at March 31, 2014 and $0.3 million at December 31, 2013 and include derivatives embedded within our index annuity contracts and derivatives embedded within our modified coinsurance agreements. The net gain (loss) recognized on these derivatives is included in net investment income and interest sensitive benefits and, for the three-month period ended March 31, totaled $0.5 million for 2014 and ($0.3) million for 2013.

3. Fair Values

The carrying and estimated fair values of our financial instruments are as follows:

Fair Values and Carrying Values
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed maturities - available for sale
$
6,342,428

 
$
6,342,428

 
$
6,081,753

 
$
6,081,753

Equity securities - available for sale
100,384

 
100,384

 
91,555

 
91,555

Mortgage loans
586,021

 
611,262

 
575,861

 
594,451

Policy loans
178,692

 
215,416

 
176,993

 
210,401

Other investments
1,562

 
1,562

 
993

 
993

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
99,814

 
99,814

 
115,047

 
115,047

Reinsurance recoverable
2,880

 
2,880

 
2,678

 
2,678

Assets held in separate accounts
694,570

 
694,570

 
693,955

 
693,955

 


17

Table of Contents

Fair Values and Carrying Values (continued)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Value
 
Fair Value
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Future policy benefits
$
3,421,700

 
$
3,495,531

 
$
3,360,519

 
$
3,371,706

Supplemental contracts without life contingencies
346,070

 
324,703

 
349,761

 
320,195

Advance premiums and other deposits
239,562

 
239,562

 
230,819

 
230,819

Long-term debt
97,000

 
65,305

 
97,000

 
63,343

Other liabilities
67

 
67

 

 

Liabilities related to separate accounts
694,570

 
687,496

 
693,955

 
686,387


Fair value is based on an exit price, which is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. As not all financial instruments are actively traded, various valuation methods may be used to estimate fair value. These methods rely on observable market data and where observable market data is not available, the best information available. Significant judgment may be required to interpret the data and select the assumptions used in the valuation estimates, particularly when observable market data is not available.

In the discussion that follows, we have ranked our financial instruments by the level of judgment used in the determination of the fair values presented above. The levels are defined as follows:

Level 1 - Fair values are based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 - Fair values are based on inputs, other than quoted prices from active markets, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.

Level 3 - Fair values are based on significant unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, a financial instrument's level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Our assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment and considers factors specific to the financial instrument. From time to time there may be movements between levels as inputs become more or less observable, which may depend on several factors including the activity of the market for the specific security, the activity of the market for similar securities, the level of risk spreads and the source of the information from which we obtain the information. Transfers in or out of any level are measured as of the beginning of the period.

The following methods and assumptions were used in estimating the fair value of our financial instruments:

Fixed maturities:

Level 1 fixed maturities consist of U.S. Treasury issues that are actively traded, allowing us to use current market prices as an estimate of their fair value.

Level 2 fixed maturities consist of corporate, mortgage and other asset-backed, United States Government agencies and private placement securities with observable market data, and in some circumstances recent trade activity. When quoted prices of identical assets in active markets are not available, our first priority is to obtain prices from third party pricing vendors. We have regular interaction with these vendors to ensure we understand their pricing methodologies and to confirm they are utilizing observable market information. Their methodologies vary by asset class and include inputs such as estimated cash flows, benchmark yields, reported trades, credit quality, industry events and economic events. Fixed maturities with validated prices from pricing services, which includes the majority of our public fixed maturities in all asset classes, are generally reflected in Level 2.

Also included in Level 2 are corporate bonds where quoted market prices are not available, for which an internal model using substantially all observable inputs or a matrix pricing valuation approach is used. In the matrix approach, securities


18

Table of Contents

are grouped into pricing categories that vary by sector, rating and average life. Each pricing category is assigned a risk spread based on studies of observable public market data. The expected cash flows of the security are then discounted back at the current Treasury curve plus the appropriate risk spread.

Level 3 fixed maturities include private placements as well as corporate, mortgage and other asset-backed and state and municipal securities for which there is little or no current market data available. We use external pricing sources, or if prices are not available we will estimate fair value internally. Fair values of private investments in Level 3 are determined by reference to public market, private transactions or valuations for comparable companies or assets in the relevant asset class when such amounts are available. For other securities where an exit price based on relevant observable inputs is not obtained, the fair value is determined using a matrix calculation. Fair values estimated through use of matrix pricing methods rely on an estimate of credit spreads to a risk free U.S. Treasury yield. Selecting the credit spread requires judgment based on an understanding of the security and may include a market liquidity premium. Our selection of comparable companies as well as the level of spread requires significant judgment. Increases in spreads used in our matrix models, or those used to value comparable companies, will result in a decrease in discounted cash flows used, and accordingly in the estimated fair value of the security.

We obtain fixed maturity fair values from a variety of external independent pricing services, including brokers, with access to observable data including recent trade information, if available. In certain circumstances in which an external price is not available for a Level 3 security, we will internally estimate its fair value. Our process for evaluation and selection of the fair values includes:

We follow a “pricing waterfall” policy, which establishes the pricing source preference for a particular security or security type. The order of preference is based on our evaluation of the valuation methods used, the source's knowledge of the instrument and the reliability of the prices we have received from the source in the past. Our valuation policy dictates that fair values are initially sought from third party pricing services. If our review of the prices received from our preferred source indicates an inaccurate price, we will use an alternative source within the waterfall and document the decision. In the event that fair values are not available from one of our external pricing services or upon review of the fair values provided it is determined that they may not be reflective of market conditions, those securities are submitted to brokers familiar with the security to obtain non-binding price quotes. Broker quotes tend to be used in limited circumstances such as for newly issued, private placement and other instruments that are not widely traded. For those securities for which an externally provided fair value is not available, we use cash flow modeling techniques to estimate fair value.

We evaluate third party pricing source estimation methodologies to assess whether they will provide a fair value which approximates a market exit price.

We perform an overall analysis of portfolio fair value movement against general movements in interest rates and spreads.

We compare month-to-month price trends to detect unexpected price fluctuation based on our knowledge of the market and the particular instrument. As fluctuations are noted, we will perform further research which may include discussions with the original pricing source or other external sources to ensure we are in agreement with the valuation.

We compare prices between different pricing sources for unusual disparity.

We meet at least quarterly with our Investment Committee, the group that oversees our valuation process, to discuss valuation practices and observations during the pricing process.

Equity securities:

Level 1 equity securities consist of listed common stocks and mutual funds that are actively traded, allowing us to use current market prices as an estimate of their fair value.

Level 2 equity securities consist of common stock issued by the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB), with estimated fair value based on the current redemption value of the shares and non-redeemable preferred stock with estimated fair value obtained from external pricing sources using a matrix pricing approach.


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Table of Contents


Level 3 equity securities consist of a non-redeemable preferred stock for which no active market exists, and fair value estimates for these securities is based on the values of comparable securities which are actively traded. Increases in spreads used in our matrix models, or those used to value comparable companies, will result in a decrease in discounted cash flows used, and accordingly in the estimated fair value of the security.

In the case where external pricing services are used for certain Level 1 and Level 2 equity securities, our review process is consistent with the process used to determine the fair value of fixed maturities discussed above.

Mortgage loans:

Mortgage loans are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Mortgage loans are a Level 3 measurement as there is no current market for the loans. The fair value of our mortgage loans is estimated internally using a matrix pricing approach. Along with specific loan terms, two key management assumptions are required including the risk rating of the loan (our current rating system is A-highest quality, B-moderate quality, C-low quality, W-watch or F-foreclosure) and estimated spreads for new loans over the U.S. Treasury yield curve. Spreads are updated quarterly and loans are reviewed and rated annually with quarterly adjustments should significant changes occur. Our determination of each loan's risk rating as well as selection of the credit spread requires significant judgment. A higher risk rating, as well as an increase in spreads, would result in a decrease in discounted cash flows used, and accordingly the fair value of the loan.

Policy loans:

Policy loans are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Policy loans are a Level 3 measurement as there is no current market since they are specifically tied to the underlying insurance policy. The loans are relatively risk free as they cannot exceed the cash surrender value of the insurance policy. Fair values are estimated by discounting expected cash flows using a risk-free interest rate based on the U.S. Treasury curve. An increase in the risk-free interest rate would result in a decrease in discounted cash flows used, and accordingly the fair value of the loan.

Other investments:

Level 2 other investments include call options with fair values based on counterparty market prices adjusted for a credit component of the counterparty.

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments:

Level 1 cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments are highly liquid instruments for which historical cost approximates fair value.

Reinsurance recoverable:

Level 2 reinsurance recoverable includes embedded derivatives in our modified coinsurance contracts under which we cede or assume business. Fair values of these embedded derivatives are based on the difference between the fair value and the cost basis of the underlying fixed maturities, which are valued consistent with the discussion of fixed maturities above.

Assets held in separate accounts:

Level 1 assets held in separate accounts consist of mutual funds that are actively traded, allowing us to use current market prices as an estimate of their fair value.

Future policy benefits, supplemental contracts without life contingencies and advance premiums and other deposits:

Level 3 policy-related financial instruments of investment-type contracts are those not involving significant mortality or morbidity risks. No active market exists for these contracts and they are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair values for our insurance contracts, other than investment-type contracts, are not required to be disclosed. Fair values for our investment-type contracts with expected maturities, including deferred annuities, funding agreements and supplementary contracts, are determined using discounted cash flow valuation techniques based on current interest rates adjusted to reflect our credit risk and an additional provision for adverse deviation. For certain deposit liabilities with no


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defined maturities and no surrender charges, including pension-related deposit administration funds, advance premiums and other deposits, fair value is the account value or amount payable on demand. Significant judgment is required in selecting the assumptions used to estimate the fair values of these financial instruments. For contracts with known maturities, increases in current rates will result in a decrease in discounted cash flows and a decrease in the estimated fair value of the policy obligation.

Certain annuity contracts include embedded derivatives and are measured at fair value on a recurring basis. These embedded derivatives are a Level 3 measurement. The fair value of the embedded derivatives is based on the discounted excess of projected account values (including a risk margin) over projected guaranteed account values. The key unobservable inputs required in the projection of future values which require management judgment include the risk margin as well as the credit risk of our company. Should the risk margin increase or the credit risk decrease, the discounted cash flows and the estimated fair value of the obligation will increase.

Long-term debt:

Long-term debt is not measured at fair value on a recurring basis and is a Level 3 measurement. The fair value of our outstanding debt is estimated using a discounted cash flow method based on the market's assessment or our current incremental borrowing rate for similar types of borrowing arrangements adjusted, as needed, to reflect our credit risk. Our selection of the credit spread requires significant judgment. A decrease in the spread will increase the estimated fair value of the outstanding debt.

Other liabilities:

Level 2 other liabilities include the embedded derivatives in our modified coinsurance contracts under which we cede business. Fair values for the embedded derivatives are based on the difference between the fair value and the cost basis of the underlying fixed maturities.

Liabilities related to separate accounts:

Separate account liabilities are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis. Level 3 separate account liabilities' fair value is based on the cash surrender value of the underlying contract, which is the cost we would incur to extinguish the liability.



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Valuation of our Financial Instruments Measured on a Recurring Basis by Hierarchy Levels
 
 
 
March 31, 2014
 
Quoted prices in active markets
for identical assets (Level 1)
 
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate securities
$

 
$
3,355,610

 
$
92,872

 
$
3,448,482

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 
532,159

 

 
532,159

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 
360,506

 
73,014

 
433,520

Other asset-backed securities

 
387,705

 
81,072

 
468,777

United States Government and agencies
15,650

 
19,190

 
8,194

 
43,034

State, municipal and other governments

 
1,416,456

 

 
1,416,456

Non-redeemable preferred stocks

 
66,218

 
8,029

 
74,247

Common stocks
3,469

 
22,668

 

 
26,137

Other investments

 
1,562

 

 
1,562

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
99,814

 

 

 
99,814

Reinsurance recoverable

 
2,880

 

 
2,880

Assets held in separate accounts
694,570

 

 

 
694,570

Total assets
$
813,503

 
$
6,164,954

 
$
263,181

 
$
7,241,638

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Future policy benefits - index annuity embedded derivatives
$

 
$

 
$
299

 
$
299

Other liabilities

 
67

 

 
67

Total liabilities
$

 
$
67

 
$
299

 
$
366


 
December 31, 2013
 
Quoted prices in active markets
for identical assets (Level 1)
 
Significant other observable inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant unobservable inputs
(Level 3)
 
Total
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Corporate securities
$

 
$
3,224,785

 
$
81,994

 
$
3,306,779

Residential mortgage-backed securities

 
520,728

 

 
520,728

Commercial mortgage-backed securities

 
332,955

 
71,712

 
404,667

Other asset-backed securities

 
370,708

 
85,835

 
456,543

United States Government and agencies
15,291

 
19,946

 
8,044

 
43,281

State, municipal and other governments

 
1,349,755

 

 
1,349,755

Non-redeemable preferred stocks

 
58,655

 
7,795

 
66,450

Common stocks
3,295

 
21,810

 

 
25,105

Other investments

 
993

 

 
993

Cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments
115,047

 

 

 
115,047

Reinsurance recoverable

 
2,678

 

 
2,678

Assets held in separate accounts
693,955

 

 

 
693,955

Total assets
$