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Section 1: 10-Q (10-Q)

Document
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2017
or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to _______                    
Commission file number: 001-35449
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2000453593_nationstarlogoa01.jpg
Nationstar Mortgage Holdings Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
45-2156869
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
8950 Cypress Waters Blvd Coppell, TX
 
75019
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (469) 549-2000
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company", and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12(b)-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer
¨
Accelerated Filer
x
Non-Accelerated Filer
¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Smaller reporting company
¨
 
 
Emerging growth company
¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x
Number of shares of common stock, $0.01 par value, outstanding as of April 28, 2017 was 97,772,518.





NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
Page
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2017 (unaudited) and December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017 and 2016
 
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I. Financial Information

Item 1. Financial Statements
NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(millions of dollars)
 
March 31,
2017
 
December 31,
2016
 
(unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
443

 
$
489

Restricted cash
304

 
388

Mortgage servicing rights, $3,168, and $3,160 at fair value, respectively
3,173

 
3,166

Advances and other receivables, net of reserves of $208 and $184, respectively
1,580

 
1,749

Reverse mortgage interests, net of reserves of $137 and $131, respectively
10,849

 
11,033

Mortgage loans held for sale at fair value
1,476

 
1,788

Mortgage loans held for investment, net
150

 
151

Property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $130 and $118, respectively
136

 
136

Derivative financial instruments at fair value
82

 
133

Other assets
552

 
560

Total assets
$
18,745

 
$
19,593

 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Unsecured senior notes, net
$
1,944

 
$
1,990

Advance facilities, net
931

 
1,096

Warehouse facilities, net
2,413

 
2,421

Payables and accrued liabilities
1,221

 
1,470

MSR related liabilities - nonrecourse at fair value
1,209

 
1,241

Mortgage servicing liabilities
49

 
48

Derivative financial instruments at fair value
14

 
13

Other nonrecourse debt, net
9,277

 
9,631

Total liabilities
17,058

 
17,910

Commitments and contingencies (Note 15)


 


Preferred stock at $0.01 par value - 300,000 thousand shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common stock at $0.01 par value - 1,000,000 thousand shares authorized, 109,915 thousand and 109,915 thousand shares issued, respectively
1

 
1

Additional paid-in-capital
1,127

 
1,122

Retained earnings
703

 
701

Treasury shares at cost 12,148 thousand and 12,418 thousand shares, respectively
(150
)
 
(147
)
Total Nationstar stockholders' equity
1,681

 
1,677

Noncontrolling interest
6

 
6

Total stockholders' equity
1,687

 
1,683

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
18,745

 
$
19,593

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

3


NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(millions of dollars, except for earnings per share data)

 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Revenues:
 
 
 
Service related, net
$
283

 
$
84

Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale
144

 
171

Total revenues
427

 
255

Expenses:
 
 
 
Salaries, wages and benefits
192

 
197

General and administrative
180

 
215

Total expenses
372

 
412

Other income (expenses):
 
 
 
Interest income
139

 
103

Interest expense
(190
)
 
(161
)
Other expense
(1
)
 

Total other income (expenses), net
(52
)
 
(58
)
Income (loss) before income tax expense (benefit)
3

 
(215
)
Less: Income tax expense (benefit)
1

 
(82
)
Net income (loss)
2

 
(133
)
Less: Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interests

 
(1
)
Net income (loss) attributable to Nationstar
$
2

 
$
(132
)
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per common share attributable to common stockholders:
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.02

 
$
(1.28
)
Diluted
$
0.02

 
$
(1.28
)
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding (in thousands):
 
 
 
       Basic
97,591

 
103,098

       Dilutive effect of stock awards
1,212

 

       Diluted
98,803

 
103,098

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

4


NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 
Number of Shares Outstanding (in thousands)
 
Amount
(millions of dollars)
 
Common Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-in Capital
 
Retained Earnings
 
Treasury Share Amount
 
Total Nationstar Stockholders'
Equity
 
Non-controlling Interests
 
Total
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2015
108,000

 
$
1

 
$
1,105

 
$
682

 
$
(30
)
 
$
1,758

 
$
9

 
$
1,767

Shares issued (surrendered) under incentive plan, net
395

 

 

 

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
7

 

 

 
7

 

 
7

Excess tax benefit from share based compensation

 

 
(3
)
 

 

 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Repurchase of common stock
(5,522
)
 

 

 

 
(55
)
 
(55
)
 

 
(55
)
Net loss

 

 

 
(132
)
 

 
(132
)
 
(1
)
 
(133
)
Balance at March 31, 2016
102,873

 
$
1

 
$
1,109

 
$
550

 
$
(86
)
 
$
1,574

 
$
8

 
$
1,582

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
97,497

 
$
1

 
$
1,122

 
$
701

 
$
(147
)
 
$
1,677

 
$
6

 
$
1,683

Shares issued (surrendered) under incentive plan, net
270

 

 

 

 
(3
)
 
(3
)
 

 
(3
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
5

 

 

 
5

 

 
5

Net income

 

 

 
2

 

 
2

 

 
2

Balance at March 31, 2017
97,767

 
$
1

 
$
1,127

 
$
703

 
$
(150
)
 
$
1,681

 
$
6

 
$
1,687


See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements.

5


NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(millions of dollars)

 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Operating Activities
 
 
 
Net income (loss) attributable to Nationstar
$
2

 
$
(132
)
Reconciliation of net income (loss) to net cash attributable to operating activities:
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest

 
(1
)
Net gain on mortgage loans held for sale
(144
)
 
(171
)
Reverse loan interest income
(118
)
 
(85
)
Loss on liquidation of reverse loans
2

 

Provision for servicing reserves
34

 
36

Fair value changes and amortization of mortgage servicing rights
58

 
286

Fair value changes in mortgage loans held for sale
(20
)
 
(23
)
Fair value changes in excess spread financing
25

 
(24
)
Fair value changes in mortgage servicing rights financing liability
1

 
13

Amortization of premiums and accretion of discount
12

 
17

Depreciation and amortization
14

 
17

Share-based compensation
5

 
7

Other loss
1

 

Repurchases of forward loan assets out of Ginnie Mae securitizations
(296
)
 
(348
)
Repurchases of reverse loan assets out of Ginnie Mae securitizations, net of assignments to prior servicers
(808
)
 
(485
)
Mortgage loans originated and purchased, net of fees
(4,632
)
 
(4,240
)
Sales proceeds and loan payment proceeds for mortgage loans held for sale and held for investment
5,399

 
4,300

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

 
3

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Advances and other receivables, net
148

 
160

Reverse mortgage interests, net
1,100

 
547

Other assets
(2
)
 
(48
)
Payables and accrued liabilities
(250
)
 
(160
)
Net cash attributable to operating activities
531

 
(331
)
 
 
 
 
Investing Activities
 
 
 
Property and equipment additions, net of disposals
(13
)
 
(13
)
Purchase of forward mortgage servicing rights, net of liabilities incurred
(4
)
 
(2
)
Purchase of reverse mortgage interests, net

 
(55
)
Proceeds on sale of forward and reverse mortgage servicing rights

 
19

Net cash attributable to investing activities
(17
)
 
(51
)
Continued on following page.
See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 





6







NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Continued)
(millions of dollars)
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Financing Activities
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in warehouse facilities
(9
)
 
523

Decrease in advance facilities
(164
)
 
(79
)
Proceeds from HECM securitizations

 
282

Repayment of HECM securitizations
(75
)
 
(286
)
Decrease in participating interest financing in reverse mortgage interests
(280
)
 
(120
)
Repayment of excess spread financing
(58
)
 
(47
)
Repayment of nonrecourse debt – legacy assets
(5
)
 
(3
)
Repurchase of unsecured senior notes
(48
)
 
(2
)
Repurchase of common stock

 
(55
)
Transfers to restricted cash, net
84

 
25

Excess tax deficiency from share based compensation

 
(3
)
Surrender of shares relating to stock vesting
(3
)
 
(2
)
Debt financing costs
(2
)
 
(3
)
Net cash attributable to financing activities
(560
)
 
230

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(46
)
 
(152
)
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period
489

 
613

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period
$
443

 
$
461

 
 
 
 
Supplemental disclosures of cash activities
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest expense
$
199

 
$
167

Net cash paid for income taxes
$
2

 
$
15

See accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements. 

7



NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE HOLDINGS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
(millions of dollars, unless otherwise stated)

1. Nature of Business and Basis of Presentation

Nature of Business
Nationstar Mortgage Holdings Inc., a Delaware corporation, including its consolidated subsidiaries (collectively, "Nationstar" or the "Company"), earns fees through the delivery of servicing, origination and transaction based services related primarily to single-family residences throughout the United States.

Basis of Presentation
The consolidated interim financial statements of Nationstar have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles in the United States ("GAAP") for interim information and in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X as promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, the financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements and should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Nationstar's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. The Company describes its significant accounting policies in Note 2 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, no significant changes were made to those accounting policies. Dollar amounts are reported in millions, except per share data and other key metrics, unless otherwise noted.

The interim consolidated financial statements are unaudited; however, in the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods have been included. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Nationstar evaluated subsequent events through the date these interim consolidated financial statements were issued.

Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Nationstar, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and other entities in which the Company has a controlling financial interest, and those variable interest entities ("VIE") where Nationstar is the primary beneficiary. Nationstar applies the equity method of accounting to investments where it is able to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the policies and procedures of the entity and owns less than 50% of the voting interests. Intercompany balances and transactions on consolidated entities have been eliminated. Assets and liabilities of VIEs and their respective results of operations are consolidated from the date that Nationstar became the primary beneficiary through the date Nationstar ceases to be the primary beneficiary.

Recent Accounting Guidance Adopted

Effective January 1, 2017, the Company prospectively adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (ASU 2016-09), which simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment transactions, including the income tax consequences, calculation of earnings per share, classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and classification of cash flows. Amendments related to accounting for excess tax benefits have been adopted prospectively, resulting in the recognition of $0.2 of excess tax benefits within income tax expense rather than additional paid in capital for the three months ended March 31, 2017. The impact on diluted earnings per share is less than $0.01 per share for the period. Excess tax benefits related to share-based payments are now included in operating cash flows rather than financing cash flows. This change has been applied prospectively in accordance with ASU 2016-09 and prior periods have not been adjusted. The Company has previously classified cash paid for tax withholding purposes as a financing activity in the statement of cash flows, therefore no change is requirement. The amendments allow for a one-time accounting policy election to either account for forfeitures as they occur or continue to estimate forfeitures as required by current guidance. The Company has elected to continue estimating forfeitures under the current guidance.







8


Recent Accounting Guidance Not Yet Adopted

Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, 2016-08, 2016-10, 2016-12 and 2016-20, collectively implemented as FASB Accounting Standards Codification Topic 606 ("ASC 606") Revenue from Contracts with Customers, provides guidance for revenue recognition. This ASC’s core principle requires a company to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The standard also clarifies the principal versus agent considerations, providing the evaluation must focus on whether the entity has control of the goods or services before they are transferred to the customer. The new standard permits the use of either the modified retrospective or full retrospective transition method. The Company's revenue is generated from loan servicing, loan originations, and services provided by Xome. Servicing revenue is comprised of servicing fees and other ancillary fees in connection with our servicing activities as well as fees earned under subservicing arrangements. Origination revenue is comprised of fee income earned at origination of a loan, interest income earned for the period the loans are held, and gain on sale on loans upon disposition of the loan. Xome's revenue is comprised of income earned from real estate exchange, real estate services and real estate technology and support. We have performed a preliminary review of the new guidance as compared to our current accounting policies and are currently evaluating all services rendered to our customers as well as underlying contracts to determine the impact of this standard to our revenue recognition process. The majority of services rendered by the Company in connection with originations and servicing are not within the scope of ASC 606. However, through our review, we have identified one service offering (Services and Software as a Service) under Xome operating segment that is within the scope of ASC 606. Although revenue recognition may be impacted to some degree for this service offering, we do not anticipate the impact to be materially different from the current revenue recognition processes. The Company expects to adopt the standard in the first quarter of 2018 with a cumulative effect adjustment to opening retained earnings, as necessary.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02), primarily impacts lessee accounting by requiring the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability on the balance sheet for long-term lease agreements. The lease liability will be equal to the present value of all reasonably certain lease payments. The right-of-use asset will be based on the liability, subject to adjustment for initial direct costs. Lease agreements with terms 12 months or less are permitted to be excluded from the balance sheet. In general, leases will be amortized on a straight-line basis with the exception of finance lease agreements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this ASU on the consolidated financial statements. If the same lease obligations that are in existence as of December 31, 2016 were also in existence at the time of implementation of this standard, we would expect the additional assets and lease obligations to be added to the consolidated balance sheets upon implementation to approximate $118. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new standard to its debt covenants and capitalization requirements.
Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) (ASU 2016-13), requires expected credit losses for financial instruments held at the reporting date to be measured based on historical experience, current conditions and reasonable and supportable forecasts. The update eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and instead reflects an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. Previously, when credit losses were measured under GAAP, an entity generally only considered past events and current conditions in measuring the incurred loss. ASU 2016-13 is effective for interim periods beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2016-13 on its consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (ASU 2016-15) and Accounting Standards Update No 2016-18 Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) Restricted Cash (ASU 2016-18) both relate to the Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230) and are intended to provide specific guidance to reduce diversity in practice. ASU 2016-15 addresses the following eight cash flow classification issues: (1) debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs, (2) settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing, (3) contingent consideration payments made after a business combination, (4) proceeds from the settlement of life insurance claims, (5) proceeds from the settlement of corporate owned life insurance policies, including bank-owned life insurance policies, (6) distributions received from equity method investees, (7) beneficial interests in securitization transactions and (8) separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and will require adoption on a retrospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the application of ASU 2016-15 will have on the Company’s classification of cash flows. 


9


ASU 2016-18 addresses the classification and presentation of changes in restricted cash on the statement of cash flows. This new standard requires that the statement of cash flows explain the change during the period in the total of cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents. Entities will also be required to reconcile such total to amounts on the balance sheet and disclose the nature of the restrictions. ASU 2016-18 will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2016-18 on its consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-04, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, simplifies the accounting for goodwill impairment for all entities by requiring impairment charges to be based on the first step in today’s two-step impairment test under Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 350. The standard has tiered effective dates, starting in 2020 for calendar-year public business entities that meet the definition of an SEC filer. Early adoption is permitted for annual and interim goodwill impairment testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of ASU 2017-04 on our consolidated financial statements. ASU 2017-04 is effective for the Company for its annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. ASU 2017-04 will be adopted prospectively. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017.

2. Mortgage Servicing Rights ("MSRs") and Related Liabilities

The following table sets forth the carrying value of Nationstar's MSRs and the related liabilities.
MSRs and Related Liabilities
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Forward MSRs - fair value
$
3,168

 
$
3,160

Reverse MSRs - amortized cost
5

 
6

Mortgage servicing rights
$
3,173

 
$
3,166

 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing liabilities - amortized cost
$
49

 
$
48

 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing - fair value
$
1,181

 
$
1,214

Mortgage servicing rights financing liability - fair value
28

 
27

MSR related liabilities (nonrecourse)
$
1,209

 
$
1,241


Forward Mortgage Servicing Rights - Fair Value
The Company owns and records at fair value the rights to service traditional residential mortgage loans ("forward" loans) for others either as a result of purchase transactions or from the retained servicing associated with the sales and securitizations of loans originated. Forward MSRs are comprised of rights related to both agency and non-agency loans.

10



The following table sets forth the activities of forward MSRs during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
Three months ended March 31,
Forward MSRs - Fair Value
2017
 
2016
Fair value - beginning of period
$
3,160

 
$
3,358

Additions:
 
 
 
Servicing retained from mortgage loans sold
59

 
40

Purchases of servicing rights
5

 

Dispositions:
 
 
 
Sales of servicing assets

 
(16
)
Changes in fair value:
 
 
 
Changes in valuation inputs or assumptions used in the valuation model
14

 
(237
)
Other changes in fair value
(70
)
 
(57
)
Fair value - end of period
$
3,168

 
$
3,088


From time to time, the Company sells its ownership interest in certain MSRs and is retained as the subservicer for the sold assets. The Company has evaluated the sale accounting requirements related to these transactions given the continued involvement as the subservicer and concluded that these transactions qualify for sale accounting treatment. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company did not sell forward MSRs. During the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company sold $1,851 in unpaid principal balances ("UPB") of forward MSRs and was retained as the subservicer for the sold assets.

MSRs measured at fair value are segregated between credit sensitive and interest sensitive pools. Interest sensitive pools are primarily impacted by changes in forecasted interest rates, which in turn impact voluntary prepayment speeds. Credit sensitive pools are primarily impacted by borrower performance under specified repayment terms, which most directly impacts involuntary prepayments and delinquency rates. The Company assesses whether acquired portfolios are more credit sensitive or interest sensitive in nature on the date of acquisition. Numerous factors are considered in making this assessment, including loan-to-value ratios, FICO scores, percentage of portfolio previously modified, portfolio seasoning and similar criteria. Once the determination for a pool is made, subsequent changes are not made.

Interest sensitive portfolios generally consist of lower delinquency, single-family conforming residential forward mortgage loans for investors. Credit sensitive portfolios generally consist of higher delinquency, single-family non-conforming residential forward mortgage loans serviced for agency and non-agency investors.

The following table provides a breakdown of credit and interest sensitive UPBs for Nationstar's forward owned MSRs.
Forward MSRs - Sensitivity Pools
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
Credit sensitive
$
190,019

 
$
1,819

 
$
198,935

 
$
1,818

Interest sensitive
113,336

 
1,349

 
113,141

 
1,342

Total
$
303,355

 
$
3,168

 
$
312,076

 
$
3,160



11


Nationstar used the following key weighted-average inputs and assumptions in estimating the fair value of MSRs.
Credit Sensitive
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Discount rate
11.4
%
 
11.6
%
Total prepayment speeds
15.4
%
 
15.4
%
Expected weighted-average life
6.0 years

 
6.0 years

 
 
 
 
Interest Sensitive
 
 
 
Discount rate
9.2
%
 
9.3
%
Total prepayment speeds
10.7
%
 
10.7
%
Expected weighted-average life
6.8 years

 
6.8 years


The following table shows the hypothetical effect on the fair value of the forward MSRs fair value when applying certain unfavorable variations of key assumptions to these assets at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
 
Discount Rate
 
Total Prepayment
Speeds
Forward MSRs - Hypothetical Sensitivities
100 bps
Adverse
Change
 
200 bps
Adverse
Change
 
10%
Adverse
Change
 
20%
Adverse
Change
March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing rights
$
(120
)
 
$
(231
)
 
$
(124
)
 
$
(238
)
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage servicing rights
$
(114
)
 
$
(221
)
 
$
(117
)
 
$
(224
)

These hypothetical sensitivities should be evaluated with care. The effect on fair value of a 10% variation in assumptions generally cannot be determined because the relationship of the change in assumptions to the fair value may not be linear. Additionally, the impact of a variation in a particular assumption on the fair value is calculated while holding other assumptions constant. In reality, changes in one factor may lead to changes in other factors, which could impact the above hypothetical effects.

12


Reverse Mortgage Servicing Rights and Liabilities - Amortized Cost
Nationstar owns the right to service certain Home Equity Conversion Mortgage ("HECM") reverse mortgage loans with an unpaid principal balance of $37,700 and $38,940 as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. The following table sets forth the activities of reverse MSRs and liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016. Management evaluated reverse MSRs and MSLs each reporting period to ensure reverse MSRs are not impaired and MSLs sufficiently reflect estimated obligations associated with servicing. Based on management's assessment at March 31, 2017, no impairment was required to be recorded for reverse MSRs. In addition, $1 was recorded for increased MSL obligations due to portfolio performance during the first quarter of 2017.
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
Reverse MSRs and Liabilities - Amortized Cost
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance - beginning of period
$
6

 
$
48

 
$
9

 
$
25

Increased MSL obligation

 
1

 

 

Amortization/accretion
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
 
(7
)
Balance - end of the period
$
5

 
$
49

 
$
8

 
$
18

Fair value - end of period
$
14

 
$
32

 
$
28

 
$
3


Excess Spread Financing - Fair Value
To finance the acquisition of certain forward MSRs on various forward loan pools ("Portfolios"), Nationstar has entered into sale and assignment agreements with a third-party associated with funds and accounts under management of BlackRock Financial Management Inc., and with certain affiliated entities formed by New Residential Investment Corp. ("New Residential"), which is managed by an affiliate of Fortress Investment Group LLC ("Fortress"). Nationstar sold to such entities the right to receive a specified percentage of the excess cash flow generated from the Portfolios after receipt of a fixed basic servicing fee per loan. Servicing fees associated with a traditional MSR can be segregated into a contractually specified base fee component and an excess servicing fee. The base servicing fee, along with ancillary income, is designed to cover costs incurred to service the specified pool plus a reasonable profit margin. The remaining servicing fee is considered excess. Nationstar retains all the base servicing fee and ancillary revenues associated with servicing the Portfolios and retains a portion of the excess servicing fee. Nationstar continues to be the servicer of the Portfolios and provides all servicing and advancing functions.

Contemporaneous with the above, Nationstar has entered into refinanced loan obligations with New Residential and BlackRock. Should Nationstar refinance any loan in the Portfolios, subject to certain limitations, it will be required to transfer the new loan or a replacement loan of similar economic characteristics into the Portfolios. The new or replacement loan will be governed by the same terms set forth in the sale and assignment agreement described above, which is the primary driver of the recapture rate assumption.

The range of key assumptions used in Nationstar's valuation of excess spread financing are as follows.
Excess Spread Financing
Prepayment Speeds
 
Average
Life (Years)
 
Discount
Rate
 
Recapture Rate
March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Low
6.3%
 
4.0
 
8.5%
 
6.7%
High
21.4%
 
7.5
 
14.0%
 
30.1%
Weighted-average
13.9%
 
6.2
 
10.8%
 
19.1%
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Low
6.1%
 
4.1
 
8.5%
 
6.7%
High
21.2%
 
8.5
 
14.1%
 
29.8%
Weighted-average
13.9%
 
6.3
 
10.8%
 
19.0%


13


The following table shows the hypothetical effect on the excess spread financing fair value when applying certain unfavorable expected levels variations of key assumptions to these liabilities.
 
Discount Rate
 
Prepayment
Speeds
Excess Spread Financing - Hypothetical Sensitivities
100 bps
Adverse
Change
 
200 bps
Adverse
Change
 
10%
Adverse
Change
 
20%
Adverse
Change
March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing
$
46

 
$
95

 
$
40

 
$
84

December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excess spread financing
$
49

 
$
101

 
$
41

 
$
85


As the cash flow assumptions utilized in determining the fair value amounts in the excess spread financing are based on the related cash flow assumptions utilized in the financed MSRs, any fair value changes recognized in the MSRs would inherently have an inverse impact on the carrying amount of the related excess spread financing. For example, while an increase in discount rates would negatively impact the value of the Company's MSRs, it would reduce the carrying value of the associated excess spread financing liability.

These hypothetical sensitivities should be evaluated with care. The effect on fair value of a 10% variation in assumptions generally cannot be determined because the relationship of the change in assumptions to the fair value may not be linear. Additionally, the impact of a variation in a particular assumption on the fair value is calculated while holding other assumptions constant. In reality, changes in one factor may lead to changes in other factors, which could impact the above hypothetical effects. Also, a positive change in the above assumptions would not necessarily correlate with the corresponding decrease in the net carrying amount of the excess spread financing.

Mortgage Forward Servicing Rights Financing
From December 2013 through June 2014, Nationstar entered into agreements to sell a contractually specified base fee component of certain forward MSRs and servicing advances under specified terms to a joint venture capitalized by New Residential and certain unaffiliated third-party investors. Nationstar continues to be the named servicer and, for accounting purposes, ownership of the mortgage servicing rights continues to reside with Nationstar. Accordingly, Nationstar records the MSRs and a MSR financing liability associated with this transaction in its consolidated balance sheets. See Note 18, Transactions with Affiliates for additional information.

The following table sets forth the weighted average assumptions used in the valuation of the mortgage servicing rights financing liability.
Mortgage Servicing Rights Financing Assumptions
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Advance financing rates
3.2
%
 
3.2
%
Annual advance recovery rates
22.9
%
 
23.9
%

14



The following table sets forth the items comprising of revenue associated with servicing loan portfolios.
 
Three months ended March 31,
Servicing Revenue
2017
 
2016
Contractually specified servicing fees including subservicing fees
$
255

 
$
270

Other service-related income
46

 
60

Incentive and modification income
22

 
24

Late fees
24

 
19

Reverse servicing fees
14

 
18

Mark-to-market (1)
(38
)
 
(262
)
Counter party revenue share (2)
(62
)
 
(74
)
Amortization, net of accretion (3)
(61
)
 
(65
)
Total servicing revenue
$
200

 
$
(10
)

(1) Mark-to-market includes fair value adjustments on MSR, excess spread financing and MSR financing liabilities. The amount of MSR MTM reflected is net of $26 and $29 of cumulative incurred losses related to advances and other receivables associated with inactive and liquidated loans that are no longer part of the MSR portfolio and these incurred losses have been transferred to reserves on advances and other receivables during the first quarter of 2017 and 2016, respectively.
(2) Counter party revenue share represents the excess servicing fee that the Company pays to the counterparties under the excess spread financing arrangements and the payments made associated with MSRs financing arrangements.
(3) Accretion for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016 and are $42 and $47, respectively.

3. Advances and Other Receivables, Net

Advances and other receivables, net consists of the following.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Servicing advances
$
1,431

 
$
1,614

Receivables from agencies, investors and prior servicers
357

 
319

Reserves
(208
)
 
(184
)
Total advances and other receivables, net
$
1,580

 
$
1,749


Nationstar as loan servicer is contractually responsible to advance funds on behalf of the borrower and investor primarily for loan principal and interest, property taxes and hazard insurance, and foreclosure costs. Advances are primarily recovered through reimbursement from the investor, proceeds from sale of loan collateral, or mortgage insurance claims. Reserves for advances and other receivables on loans transferred out of the MSR portfolio are established within advances and other receivables.
The Company estimates and records an asset for probable recoveries from prior servicers for their respective portion of the losses associated with the underlying loans that were not serviced in accordance with established guidelines. Receivables from prior servicers totaled $125 and $94 for the Company's forward loan portfolio at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

15


The activity of the reserves for advances and other receivables is set forth below.
 
Three months ended March 31,
Advances and Other Receivables Reserves
2017
 
2016
Balance - beginning of period (1)
$
184

 
$
163

Provision and other additions (2)
40

 
42

Write-offs
(16
)
 

Balance - end of period
$
208

 
$
205


(1) Beginning reserve balance as of December 31, 2015 was updated to reflect the reclassification of reserves for advances and other receivables from the MSR.
(2) A provision of $26 and $29 was recorded through the MTM adjustment in service related revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, for inactive and liquidated loans that are no longer part of the MSR portfolio. Other additions represent reclassifications of required reserves from other balance sheet accounts.

4. Reverse Mortgage Interests, Net

Reverse mortgage interests, net consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Participating interests in HMBS
$
8,567

 
$
8,839

Other interests securitized
688

 
753

Unsecuritized interests
1,731

 
1,572

Reserves
(137
)
 
(131
)
Total reverse mortgage interests, net
$
10,849

 
$
11,033


Participating interests in HMBS
Participating interests in HMBS consist of the Company's reverse mortgage interests in HECM loans which have been transferred to Ginnie Mae and subsequently securitized through the issuance of HMBS. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, a total of $238 in UPB was securitized.

Other interests securitized
Other interests securitized consist of reverse mortgage interests that no longer meet HMBS program eligibility criteria, which have been transferred to private securitization trusts and are subject to nonrecourse debt. During the three months ended March 31, 2017, no such private securitization trusts were issued.

Unsecuritized interests
Unsecuritized interests in reverse mortgages consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Repurchased HECM loans
$
1,270

 
$
1,000

HECM related receivables
315

 
301

Funded borrower draws not yet securitized
96

 
236

Foreclosed assets
50

 
35

Total unsecuritized interests
$
1,731

 
$
1,572


Unsecuritized interests include repurchased HECM loans for which the Company is required to repurchase from the HMBS pool when the outstanding principal balance of the HECM loan is equal to or greater than 98% of the maximum claim amount established at origination in accordance with HMBS program guidelines. The Company repurchased a total of $1,087 and $705 HECM loans out of Ginnie Mae HMBS securitizations during the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, of which, $279 and $220 were subsequently assigned to prior servicers in accordance with specific servicing agreements.


16


The Company also estimates and records an asset for probable recoveries from prior servicers for their respective portion of the losses associated with the underlying loans that were not serviced in accordance with established guidelines. Receivables from prior servicers totaled $32 and $38 for the Company's reverse loan portfolio at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

Reserves for Reverse Mortgage Interests
Nationstar records an allowance for reserves related to reverse mortgage interests based on potential unrecoverable costs and loss exposures expected to be realized. Recoverability is determined based on the Company’s ability to meet HUD servicing guidelines and is viewed as two different categories of expenses: financial and operational. Financial exposures are defined as the cost of doing business related to servicing the HECM product and include potential unrecoverable costs primarily based on HUD claim guidelines related to recoverable expenses and unfavorable changes in the appraised value of the loan collateral. Operational exposures are defined as unrecoverable debenture interest curtailments imposed for missed FHA-specified servicing timelines.

The activity of the reserves for reverse mortgage interests is set forth below.
 
Three months ended March 31,
 
2017
 
2016
Reserves for reverse mortgage interests - beginning of period
$
131

 
$
53

Provision
8

 
8

Charge-offs
(2
)
 

Reserves for reverse mortgage interests - end of period
$
137

 
$
61


Purchase of Reverse Mortgage Servicing Rights and Interests
On December 1, 2016, the Company executed an asset purchase agreement with a large financial institution and acquired $3,748 reverse mortgage interests. Under the purchase agreement, the Company has agreed to acquire remaining components of the reverse portfolio, primarily including whole HECM loans and REO advances owned by third parties, pending the appropriate regulatory approvals which are expected in the second half of 2017.

Reverse Interest Income
The Company accrues interest income for its participating interest in reverse mortgages based on the stated rates underlying HECM loans and FHA guidelines. Total interest earned on the Company's reverse mortgage interests was $118 and $85 for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. 

5. Mortgage Loans Held for Sale and Investment

Mortgage Loans Held for Sale
Nationstar maintains a strategy of originating mortgage loan products primarily for the purpose of selling to government-sponsored enterprises ("GSEs") or other third-party investors in the secondary market on a servicing-retained basis. Nationstar focuses on assisting customers currently in the Company's servicing portfolio with refinancings of loans or new home purchases (referred to as "recapture"). Generally, all newly originated mortgage loans held for sale are securitized and transferred to GSEs or delivered to third-party purchasers shortly after origination on a servicing-retained basis.

Mortgage loans held for sale are recorded at fair value as set forth below.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Mortgage loans held for sale – unpaid principal balance
$
1,431

 
$
1,759

Mark-to-market adjustment (1)
45

 
29

Total mortgage loans held for sale
$
1,476

 
$
1,788

(1) The mark-to-market adjustment is recorded in net gain on mortgage loans held for sale in the consolidated statements of operations.


17


Nationstar accrues interest income as earned and places loans on non-accrual status after any portion of principal or interest has been delinquent for more than 90 days. Accrued interest is recorded as interest income in the consolidated statements of operations.

The total UPB of mortgage loans held for sale on nonaccrual status was as follows for the dates indicated.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Mortgage Loans Held for Sale - Unpaid Principal Balance
UPB
 
Fair Value
 
UPB
 
Fair Value
Non-accrual
$
105

 
$
101

 
$
106

 
$
103


From time to time, Nationstar exercises its right to repurchase individual delinquent loans in Ginnie Mae securitization pools to minimize interest spread losses, to re-pool into new Ginnie Mae securitizations, or to otherwise sell to third-party investors. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, Nationstar repurchased $69 and $12 of delinquent Ginnie Mae loans, respectively, and securitized or sold to third-party investors $99 and $2 of previously repurchased loans, respectively. As of March 31, 2017 and 2016, $10 and $3 of the repurchased loans have reperformed and were held in accrual status, respectively, and remaining balances continue to be held under a nonaccrual status.
The total UPB of mortgage loans held for sale for which the Company has begun formal foreclosure proceedings was $91 and $84 as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.
The following table details the changes in mortgage loans held for sale for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016.
 
Three months ended March 31,
Mortgage loans held for sale
2017
 
2016
Balance - beginning of period
$
1,788

 
$
1,430

Mortgage loans originated and purchased, net of fees
4,632

 
4,240

Loans sold
(5,268
)
 
(4,173
)
Repurchase of loans out of Ginnie Mae securitizations
296

 
348

Transfer of mortgage loans held for sale to advances/accounts receivable related to claims (1)
(4
)
 
(8
)
Net transfer of mortgage loans held for sale from REO in other assets (2)
7

 
9

Changes in fair value
20

 
23

Other
5

 
12

Balance - end of period
$
1,476

 
$
1,881


(1) Amounts are comprised of claims made on certain government insured mortgage loans upon completion of the REO sale.
(2) Net amounts are comprised of REO in the sales process which are transferred to other assets and certain government insured mortgage REO which are transferred from other assets upon completion of the sale so that the claims process can begin.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, the Company received proceeds of $5,405 and $4,310, respectively, on the sale of mortgage loans held for sale, resulting in gains of $137 and $137, respectively.

Nationstar has the right to repurchase any individual loan in a Ginnie Mae securitization pool if that loan meets certain criteria, including being delinquent greater than 90 days. The majority of Ginnie Mae repurchased loans are repurchased solely with the intent to re-pool into new Ginnie Mae securitizations upon re-performance of the loan or to otherwise sell to third-party investors. The amounts repurchased out of Ginnie Mae pools, as presented above, are primarily in connection with loan modifications and loan resolution activity as part of Nationstar's contractual obligations as the servicer of the loans.

18


Mortgage Loans Held for Investment, Net
The following sets forth the composition of mortgage loans held for investment, net.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Mortgage loans held for investment, net – UPB
$
209

 
$
216

Transfer discount:
 
 
 
Non-accretable
(46
)
 
(52
)
Accretable
(13
)
 
(13
)
Total mortgage loans held for investment, net
$
150

 
$
151


The changes in accretable yield discount on loans transferred to mortgage loans held for investment are set forth below. 
 
Three months ended March 31,
Accretable Yield Discount
2017
 
2016
Balance - beginning of the period
$
(13
)
 
$
(15
)
Accretion
1

 
1

Reclassifications from non-accretable discount
(1
)
 

Balance - end of the period
$
(13
)
 
$
(14
)
Nationstar may periodically modify the terms of any outstanding mortgage loans held for investment for loans that are either in default or in imminent default. Modifications often involve reduced payments by borrowers, modification of the original terms of the mortgage loans, forgiveness of debt and/or modified servicing advances. As a result of the volume of modification agreements entered into, the estimated average outstanding life in this pool of mortgage loans has been extended. Nationstar records interest income on the transferred loans on a level-yield method. To maintain a level-yield on these transferred loans over the estimated extended life, Nationstar reclassified to accretable yield discount approximately $1 and $0 of transfer discount designated as reserves for future loss, for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively. No provision for reserves was required for the three months ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively, as the fair value of the underlying collateral exceeded the carrying value of the loans, net of the non-accretable discount.

The total UPB of mortgage loans held for investment for which the Company has begun formal foreclosure proceedings was $24 and $29 as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

6. Other Assets

Other assets consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Loans subject to repurchase right from Ginnie Mae
$
157

 
$
152

Accrued revenues
151

 
165

Goodwill
74

 
74

Deposits
30

 
25

Intangible assets
27

 
28

Real estate owned (REO), net
26

 
30

Prepaid expenses
20

 
16

Receivables from affiliates, net
6

 
6

Other
61

 
64

       Total other assets
$
552

 
$
560


Accrued Revenues
Accrued revenue is primarily comprised of service fees earned but not received based upon the terms of the Company's servicing and subservicing agreements.

19


Loans Subject to Repurchase Right from Ginnie Mae
Forward loans are sold to Ginnie Mae in conjunction with the issuance of mortgage backed securities. Nationstar, as the issuer of the mortgage backed securities, has the unilateral right to repurchase any individual loan in a Ginnie Mae securitization pool if that loan meets certain criteria, including being delinquent greater than 90 days. Once Nationstar has the unilateral right to repurchase a delinquent loan, it has effectively regained control over the loan and recognizes these rights to the loan on its consolidated balance sheets and establishes a corresponding repurchase liability regardless of Nationstar’s intention to repurchase the loan.

Real estate owned
Real estate owned ("REO") includes $19 and $21 of REO loans with government insurance at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.

Other
Other primarily includes non-advance related accounts receivables due from investors and various other miscellaneous assets.

7. Derivative Financial Instruments

Derivative instruments utilized by Nationstar primarily include interest rate lock commitments ("IRLCs"), Loan Purchase Commitments ("LPCs"), forward Mortgage Backed Securities ("MBS") trades, Eurodollar and Treasury futures, interest rate swap agreements and interest rate caps.

Associated with the Company's derivatives are $5 and $29 in collateral deposits on derivative instruments recorded in other assets and payables and accrued liabilities on the Company's balance sheets as of March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. The Company does not offset fair value amounts recognized for derivative instruments and the amounts collected and/or deposited on derivative instruments in its consolidated balance sheets.

20


The following table provides the outstanding notional balances, fair values of outstanding positions and recorded gains/(losses).
 
Expiration
Dates
 
Outstanding
Notional
 
Fair
Value
 
Recorded
Gains /
(Losses)
Three months ended March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan sale commitments
2017
 
$
4

 
$
0.2

 
$
0.1

Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs
2017
 
2,605

 
78.3

 
(13.9
)
Forward sales of MBS
2017
 
732

 
1.3

 
(37.9
)
LPCs
2017
 
170

 
1.3

 
(0.6
)
Treasury futures
2017
 
63

 
0.6

 
0.6

Eurodollar futures (1)
2017-2021
 
26

 

 

Interest rate swaps (1)
2017
 

 

 
(0.1
)
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs (1)
2017
 
6

 

 
1.1

Forward sales of MBS
2017
 
2,654

 
12.4

 
(2.4
)
LPCs
2017
 
126

 
0.3

 
1.2

Treasury futures
2017
 
98

 
0.8

 
(0.8
)
Eurodollar futures (1)
2017-2021
 
31

 

 

Interest rate swaps (1)
2017
 

 

 
0.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Year ended December 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans held for sale
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loan sale commitments
2017
 
$
1

 
$
0.1

 
$
(0.2
)
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs
2017
 
3,675

 
92.2

 
3.1

Forward sales of MBS
2017
 
2,580

 
39.2

 
33.1

LPCs
2017
 
203

 
1.9

 
(2.0
)
Eurodollar futures (1)
2017-2021
 
35

 

 
(0.1
)
Interest rate swaps
2017
 
9

 
0.1

 
(0.4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative financial instruments
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IRLCs
2017
 
176

 
1.1

 
(1.1
)
Forward sales of MBS
2017
 
1,689

 
10.0

 
(6.3
)
LPCs (1)
2017
 
111

 
1.5

 

Eurodollar futures (1)
2017-2021
 
27

 

 
0.1

Interest rate swaps
2017
 
9

 
0.1

 
0.4


(1) Fair values or recorded gains/(losses) of derivative instruments are less than $0.1 for the specified dates.



21


8. Indebtedness

Notes Payable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Advance Facilities
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Collateral
 
Capacity Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral Pledged
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral pledged
Nationstar agency advance receivables trust
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 2.6%
 
October 2017
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
$
650

 
$
443

 
$
503

 
$
485

 
$
578

Nationstar mortgage advance receivable
trust
 
LIBOR+1.4% to 6.5%
 
December 2017
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
500

 
217

 
254

 
260

 
301

Nationstar agency advance financing facility
 
LIBOR+1.0% to 7.4%
 
January 2018
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
200

 
124

 
147

 
164

 
186

MBS servicer advance facility (2014)
 
LIBOR+3.5%
 
September 2017
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
125

 
94

 
132

 
88

 
142

MBS advance financing facility
 
LIBOR+2.5%
 
March
2018
 
Servicing advance receivables
 
80

 
54

 
58

 
55

 
60

MBS advance financing facility (2012) (1)
 
LIBOR+5.0%
 
January
2017
 
Servicing advance receivables
 

 

 

 
44

 
52

Advance facilities principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
932

 
1,094

 
1,096

 
1,319

Debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1
)
 

 

 

Advance facilities, net
 
 
 
$
931


$
1,094

 
$
1,096

 
$
1,319

 
(1) This MBS Advance Financing facility was paid off in full in February 2017.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Warehouse Facilities
 
Interest Rate
 
Maturity Date
 
Collateral
 
Capacity Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral Pledged
 
Outstanding
 
Collateral pledged
$1,200 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 2.9%
 
October 2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
$
1,200

 
$
646

 
$
710

 
$
682

 
$
747

$900 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.8% to 3.3%
 
June
2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
900

 
447

 
487

 
496

 
539

$850 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.0% to 2.8%
 
November 2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
850

 
493

 
543

 
410

 
415

$500 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.8% to 2.8%
 
September 2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
500

 
173

 
178

 
229

 
237

$500 warehouse Facility
 
LIBOR+2.1% to 2.5%
 
September 2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
500

 
143

 
148

 
250

 
256

$350 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.2% to 2.8%
 
April
2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
350

 
20

 
22

 
12

 
13

$350 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.5% to 2.6%
 
November
2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
350

 
270

 
294

 
173

 
189

$300 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+2.3%
 
January 2018
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
300

 
154

 
181

 
153

 
180

$200 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+1.6%
 
April
2019
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
200

 
55

 
56

 
7

 
8

$40 warehouse facility
 
LIBOR+3.0%
 
December 2017
 
Mortgage loans or MBS
 
40

 
14

 
22

 
11

 
18

Warehouse facilities principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
2,415

 
2,641

 
2,423

 
2,602

Debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
(2
)
 

 
(2
)
 

Warehouse facilities, net
 
 
 
$
2,413

 
$
2,641

 
$
2,421

 
$
2,602

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Pledged Collateral:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mortgage loans, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,399

 
$
1,151

 
$
1,693

 
$
1,427

Reverse mortgage interests, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
1,016

 
$
1,146

 
$
730

 
$
834

MSR and other collateral
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$

 
$
344

 
$

 
$
341


22


Unsecured Senior Notes

A summary of the balances of unsecured senior notes is presented below.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
$600 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due July 2021
$
595
 
 
$
595
 
$475 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due August 2018
413
 
 
461
 
$400 face value, 7.875% interest rate payable semi-annually, due October 2020
400
 
 
400
 
$375 face value, 9.625% interest rate payable semi-annually, due May 2019
345
 
 
345
 
$300 face value, 6.500% interest rate payable semi-annually, due June 2022
206
 
 
206
 
Unsecured senior notes principal amount
1,959
 
 
2,007
 
Debt issuance costs
(15
)
 
(17
)
Unsecured senior notes, net
$
1,944
 
 
$
1,990
 

The indentures for the unsecured senior notes contain various covenants and restrictions that limit the ability to incur additional indebtedness, pay dividends, make certain investments, create liens, consolidate, merge or sell substantially all of their assets or enter into certain transactions with affiliates. The indentures contain certain events of default, including (subject, in some cases, to customary cure periods and materiality thresholds) defaults based on (i) the failure to make payments under the indenture when due, (ii) breach of covenants, (iii) cross-defaults to certain other indebtedness, (iv) certain bankruptcy or insolvency events, (v) material judgments and (vi) invalidity of material guarantees.

The indentures for the unsecured senior notes provide that Nationstar may redeem all or a portion of the notes prior to certain fixed dates by paying a make-whole premium plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates. In addition, Nationstar may redeem all or a portion of the unsecured senior notes at any time on or after certain fixed dates at the applicable redemption prices set forth in the indentures plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates.

Additionally, the indentures provide that on or before certain fixed dates, Nationstar may redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the unsecured senior notes with the net proceeds of certain equity offerings at fixed redemption prices, plus accrued and unpaid interest and additional interest, if any, to the redemption dates, subject to compliance with certain conditions.
The ratios included in the indentures for the unsecured senior notes are incurrence-based compared to the customary ratio covenants that are often found in credit agreements that require a company to maintain a certain ratio.
As of March 31, 2017, the expected maturities of Nationstar's unsecured senior notes based on contractual maturities are as follows.
Year ending December 31,
 
Amount
2017
 
$

2018
 
413

2019
 
345

2020
 
400

2021
 
595

Thereafter
 
206

Unsecured senior notes principal amount
 
1,959

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
(15
)
Unsecured senior notes, net
 
$
1,944



23


Other Nonrecourse Debt

A summary of the balances of other nonrecourse debt is presented below.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Issue Date
 
Maturity Date
 
Class of Note
 
Securitized Amount
 
Outstanding
 
Outstanding
Participating Interest Financing (1)
_
 
_
 
_
 
$

 
$
8,639

 
$
8,914

Securitization of nonperforming HECM loans
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trust 2015-2
November 2015
 
November 2025
 
A, M1, M2
 
127

 
100

 
114

Trust 2016-1
March 2016
 
February 2026
 
A, M1, M2
 
214

 
176

 
194

Trust 2016-2
June 2016
 
June 2026
 
A, M1, M2
 
159

 
136

 
158

Trust 2016-3
August 2016
 
August 2026
 
A, M1, M2
 
212

 
187

 
208

Nonrecourse debt - legacy assets
November 2009
 
October 2039
 
A
 
202

 
45

 
50

Other nonrecourse debt principal amount
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9,283

 
9,638

Unamortized debt issuance costs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(6
)
 
(7
)
Other nonrecourse debt, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
9,277

 
$
9,631


(1) Amounts represent the Company's participating interest in GNMA HMBS securitized portfolios transferred to the Company.
Participating Interest Financing
Participating interest financing represents the obligation of HMBS pools to third-party security holders. The Company issues HMBS in connection with the securitization of advances and accrued interest on HECM loans. Proceeds are received in exchange for securitized advances on the HECM loan amounts transferred to GNMA, and the Company retains a beneficial interest (referred to as a "participating interest") in the securitization trust in which the HECM loans and HMBS obligations are held and assume both issuer and servicer responsibilities in accordance with GNMA HMBS program guidelines. Monthly cash flows generated from the HECM loans are used to service the HMBS obligations. The interest rate is based on the underlying HMBS rate with a range of 1.1% to 7.0%.






24


Securitizations of Nonperforming HECM Loans
From time to time, Nationstar securitizes its interests in non-performing reverse mortgages. The transactions provide investors with the ability to invest in a pool of non-performing HECM loans that are covered by FHA insurance and secured by one-to-four-family residential properties and a pool of REO properties acquired through foreclosure or grant of a deed in lieu of foreclosure in connection with reverse mortgage loans that are covered by FHA insurance. The transactions provide Nationstar with access to liquidity for the non-performing HECM loan portfolio, ongoing servicing fees, and potential residual returns. The transactions are structured as secured borrowings with the reverse mortgage loans included in the consolidated financial statements as reverse mortgage interests and the related financing included in other nonrecourse debt. Interest is accrued at a rate of 2.0% to 7.4% on the outstanding securitized notes and recorded as interest expense in consolidated statements of operations. The HECM securitizations are callable with expected weighted average lives of one to two years. The Company may re-securitize the previously called loans from earlier HECM securitizations to achieve a lower cost of funds.

Nonrecourse Debt–Legacy Assets
During November 2009, Nationstar completed the securitization of approximately $222 of Asset-Backed Securities ("ABS"), which was accounted for as a secured borrowing. This structure resulted in Nationstar carrying the securitized mortgage loans in its consolidated balance sheets and recognizing the asset-backed certificates acquired by third parties. The principal and interest on these notes are paid using the cash flows from the underlying mortgage loans, which serve as collateral for the debt. The interest rate paid on the outstanding securities is 7.5%, which is subject to an available funds cap. The total outstanding principal balance on the underlying mortgage loans serving as collateral for the debt was approximately $199 and $208 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively. The carrying values on the outstanding loans was $53 and $58 at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively, and the carrying value of the nonrecourse debt was $45 and $50, respectively.

Financial Covenants
The Company's borrowing arrangements and credit facilities contain various financial covenants which primarily relate to required tangible net worth amounts, liquidity reserves, leverage requirements, and profitability requirements. As of March 31, 2017 the Company is in compliance with its financial covenants.

Nationstar is required to maintain a minimum tangible net worth of at least $682 as of each quarter-end related to its outstanding Master Repurchase Agreements on its outstanding repurchase facilities. As of March 31, 2017, the Company is in compliance with these minimum tangible net worth requirements.

Nationstar has a total of $3,398 and $3,351 in unused borrowing capacity out of a total of $6,745 and $6,870 in available borrowing capacity at March 31, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively.


9. Payables and Accrued Liabilities

Payables and accrued liabilities consist of the following.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Payables to servicing and subservicing investors
$
508

 
$
655

Loans subject to repurchase from Ginnie Mae
157

 
152

Taxes
84

 
84

Accrued interest
65

 
65

Payable to insurance carriers and insurance cancellation reserves
64

 
73

Accrued bonus and payroll
56

 
95

Payable to GSEs and securitized trusts
47

 
58

Professional and legal
43

 
47

Lease obligations
25

 
24

Accrued liabilities and accounts payable
17

 
49

MSR purchases payable including advances
17

 
21

Repurchase reserves
15

 
18

Other
123

 
129

Total payables and accrued liabilities
$
1,221

 
$
1,470



25


Payables to servicing and subservicing investors, Payables to GSEs, and Payables to securitization trusts
Payables to servicing and subservicing investors represent amounts due to investors in connection with loans serviced that are paid from collections of the underlying loans, insurance proceeds or proceeds from property disposal.

Loans Subject to repurchase from Ginnie Mae
See Note 6, Other Assets for a description of assets and liabilities related to loans subject to repurchase from Ginnie Mae.

Payables to insurance carriers and insurance cancellation reserves
Payable to insurance carriers and insurance cancellation reserves consist of insurance premiums received from borrower payments awaiting disbursement to the insurance carrier and/or amounts due to third party investors on liquidated loans.

Repurchase reserves
The activity of the outstanding repurchase reserves is set forth below.
 
Three months ended March 31,
Repurchase Reserves
2017
 
 2016
Balance - beginning of period
$
18

 
$
26

Provision, net of release
(2
)
 
1

Charge-offs
(1
)
 
(1
)
Balance - end of period
$
15

 
$
26


The provision for repurchases represents an estimate of losses to be incurred on the repurchase of loans or indemnification of purchaser's losses related to forward loans. Certain sale contracts and GSE standards require Nationstar to repurchase a loan or indemnify the purchaser or insurer for losses if a borrower fails to make initial loan payments or if the accompanying mortgage loan fails to meet certain customary representations and warranties, such as the manner of origination, the nature and extent of underwriting standards.

In the event of a breach of the representations and warranties, Nationstar may be required to either repurchase the loan or indemnify the purchaser for losses it sustains on the loan. In addition, an investor may request that we refund a portion of the premium paid on the sale of mortgage loans if a loan is prepaid within a certain amount of time from the date of sale. Nationstar records a reserve for estimated losses associated with loan repurchases, purchaser indemnification and premium refunds. The provision for repurchase losses is charged against net gain on mortgage loans held for sale.

A selling representation and warranty framework was introduced by the GSEs in 2013 and enhanced in 2014 that helps address concerns of loan sellers with respect to loan repurchase risk. Under the framework, a GSE will not exercise its remedies, including the issuance of repurchase requests, for breaches of certain selling representations and warranties if a mortgage meets certain eligibility requirements. For loans sold to GSEs on or after January 1, 2013, repurchase risk for Home Affordable Refinance Program ("HARP") loans is lowered if the borrower stays current on the loan for 12 months and representation and warranty risks are limited for non-HARP loans that stay current for 36 months.

The Company regularly evaluates the adequacy of repurchase reserve based on trends in repurchase and indemnification requests, actual loss experience, settlement negotiation, estimated future loss exposure and other relevant factors including economic conditions. Current loss rates have significantly declined attributable to stronger underwriting standards and due to the falloff of losses underwritten prior to mortgage loan crisis period prior to 2008. As repurchase liabilities expire with loss rates below provisional levels, the lower loss rates resulted in an overall reduction of reserve balances as of March 31, 2017. The Company believes its reserve balances as of March 31, 2017 are sufficient to cover future loss exposure associated with repurchase contingencies on our loan portfolio.

Other Payables
Other payables are primarily comprised of deferred service fees and liabilities related to origination activities.


26


10. Securitizations and Financings

Variable Interest Entities (VIE)
In the normal course of business, Nationstar enters into various types of on- and off-balance sheet transactions with special purpose entities ("SPE") determined to be VIEs, which primarily consist of securitization trusts established for a limited purpose. Generally, these SPEs are formed for the purpose of securitization transactions in which Nationstar transfers assets to an SPE, which then issues to investors various forms of debt obligations supported by those assets.

Nationstar has determined that the SPEs created in connection with the (i) Nationstar Home Equity Loan Trust 2009-A, (ii) Nationstar Mortgage Advance Receivables Trust (NMART), (iii) Nationstar Agency Advance Financing Trust (NAAFT) and (iv) Nationstar Advance Agency Receivables Trust (NAART) should be consolidated as Nationstar is the primary beneficiary of each of these entities. Also, Nationstar consolidated four reverse mortgage SPEs as it is the primary beneficiary of each of these entities. These SPEs include the Nationstar HECM Loan Trusts.

A summary of the assets and liabilities of Nationstar’s transactions with VIEs included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements is presented below for the dates indicated.
 
March 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Transfers
Accounted for as
Secured
Borrowings
 
Reverse Secured Borrowings
 
Transfers
Accounted for as
Secured
Borrowings
 
Reverse Secured Borrowings
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Restricted cash
$
113

 
$
35

 
$
190

 
$
37

Reverse mortgage interests, net

 
9,220

 

 
9,557

Advances and other receivables, net
904

 

 
1,065

 

Mortgage loans held for investment, net
150

 

 
150

 

Other assets
3

 

 
4

 

Total assets
$
1,170

 
$
9,255

 
$
1,409

 
$
9,594

Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advance facilities (1)
$
784

 
$