Toggle SGML Header (+)


Section 1: 10-K (10-K)

Document
false--12-31FY201900007089550041000000.680.780.900016000000016000000010428179410428179400000.21000.21000.00000001000000010000000000063875085790796000 0000708955 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:SubsidiariesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:TreasuryStockMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 2019-01-01 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:BuildingAndBuildingImprovementsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MaximumMember ffbc:SoftwareHardwareAndDataHandlingEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MinimumMember ffbc:SoftwareHardwareAndDataHandlingEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MaximumMember ffbc:FurnitureFixturesAndEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MinimumMember ffbc:FurnitureFixturesAndEquipmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 2019-01-01 2019-03-31 0000708955 srt:SubsidiariesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentCorporationsAndAgenciesSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialMortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USStatesAndPoliticalSubdivisionsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialMortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USStatesAndPoliticalSubdivisionsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialMortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentCorporationsAndAgenciesSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:AssetBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialMortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USTreasurySecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherDebtSecuritiesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 2018-04-01 2018-06-30 0000708955 ffbc:AfterOneYearThroughFiveYearsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:OneYearOrLessMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:AfterTenYearsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:AfterFiveYearsThroughTenYearsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:PassMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:PassMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:PassMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:PassMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:PassMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivablesEqualToGreaterThan90DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables60To89DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:FinancingReceivables30To59DaysPastDueMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:PassMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember us-gaap:PassMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:PassMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:SubstandardMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:PassMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember us-gaap:PassMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstateMember us-gaap:SpecialMentionMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:DoubtfulMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:LoansWithNoRelatedAllowanceRecordedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember ffbc:ImpairedFinancingReceivablesWithRelatedAllowanceMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialRealEstateMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherContractMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditRiskMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerLoanMember us-gaap:PerformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember us-gaap:NonperformingFinancingReceivableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialRealEstatePortfolioSegmentMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:HomeEquityMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FinanceLeasesPortfolioSegmentMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialPortfolioSegmentMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConsumerPortfolioSegmentMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionLoansMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommercialLoanMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditCardReceivablesMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FurnitureAndFixturesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:LeaseholdImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:BuildingMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:LandAndLandImprovementsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 2019-07-01 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:CustomerListsMember 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 0000708955 us-gaap:CustomerListsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CoreDepositsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CoreDepositsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CustomerListsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CoreDepositsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CustomerListsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherIntangibleAssetsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalFundsPurchasedAndSecuritiesSoldUnderAgreementsToRepurchaseMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FederalHomeLoanBankBorrowingsMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ShortTermDebtMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ResidentialMortgageBackedSecuritiesMember 2019-09-30 0000708955 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:CollateralizedMortgageObligationsMember 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:SubordinatedDebtMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:PrivatePlacementMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:SubordinatedDebtMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherAssetsMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember ffbc:MatchedInterestRateSwapsMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveVariablePayFixedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveVariablePayFixedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveVariablePayFixedMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveFixedPayVariableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveFixedPayVariableMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveVariablePayFixedMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveFixedPayVariableMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateSwapMember ffbc:DerivativeFinancialInstrumentsReceiveFixedPayVariableMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember us-gaap:DerivativeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:DerivativeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember us-gaap:DerivativeMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateLockCommitmentsMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateLockCommitmentsMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditRiskContractMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherCreditDerivativesMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CreditRiskContractMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherCreditDerivativesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:OtherLiabilitiesMember us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueHedgingMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:AffordablehousinginvestmentMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:AffordablehousinginvestmentMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommitmentsToExtendCreditMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:HistorictaxcreditMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:HistorictaxcreditMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:AffordablehousinginvestmentMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:HistorictaxcreditMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CommitmentsToExtendCreditMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:MinimumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 srt:MaximumMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EquityFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:USGovernmentAgenciesDebtSecuritiesMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FixedIncomeFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:MoneyMarketFundsMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2019-12-31 0000708955 2019-01-22 0000708955 srt:SubsidiariesMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:WarrantMember ffbc:MainSourceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:MainSourceMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-09-30 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:InterestRateContractMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:ForeignExchangeMember us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel12And3Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:CarryingReportedAmountFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 us-gaap:EstimateOfFairValueFairValueDisclosureMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 2019-08-30 0000708955 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 0000708955 2018-04-01 0000708955 ffbc:BannockburnMember 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 0000708955 ffbc:MainSourceMember 2018-04-01 2018-04-01 0000708955 2018-04-01 2018-04-01 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 srt:SubsidiariesMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:SubsidiariesMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:CommercialBanksMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:CommercialBanksMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:NonbanksMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-12-31 0000708955 ffbc:NonbanksMember srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2018-01-01 2018-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2017-01-01 2017-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2017-12-31 0000708955 srt:ParentCompanyMember 2016-12-31 0000708955 exch:XNMS 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0000708955 2019-06-30 0000708955 2020-02-20 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure ffbc:loans utreg:D ffbc:entity
TABLE OF CONTENTS

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-K
(Mark One)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(D) OF THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 001-34762
FIRST FINANCIAL BANCORP.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Ohio
 
31-1042001
(State of incorporation)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
255 East Fifth Street, Suite 800
Cincinnati
Ohio
 
45202
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code:  (877) 322-9530

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class
 
Trading symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common stock, No par value
 
FFBC
 
The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Yes      No
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
  Yes       No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes       No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Date File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes       No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 ☒
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes      No
The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, computed by reference to the sales price of the last trade of such stock as of June 30, 2019, was $2,341,389,000.  (The exclusion from such amount of the market value of the shares owned by any person shall not be deemed an admission by the registrant that such person is an affiliate of the registrant.)
As of February 20, 2020, there were issued and outstanding 98,490,998 common shares of the registrant.
Documents Incorporated by Reference:
Portions of the registrant’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2019 are incorporated by reference into Parts I and II.
Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 26, 2020 are incorporated by reference into Part III.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORM 10-K CROSS REFERENCE INDEX

 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS


Certain statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the documents incorporated by reference that are not statements of historical fact, constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including, without limitation, the statements specifically identified as forward-looking statements within this document. In addition, certain statements in future filings by us with the SEC, in press releases, and in oral and written statements made by or with our approval, which are not statements of historical fact constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Examples of forward-looking statements include: (i) projections of income or expense, earnings per share, the payment or non-payment of dividends, capital structure and other financial items; (ii) statements of our plans and objectives or our management or Board of Directors, including those relating to products or services; (iii) statements of future economic performance; and (iv) statements of assumptions underlying such statements. Words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “targeted” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements but are not the exclusive means of identifying those statements.

The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides a “safe harbor” for forward-looking statements to encourage companies to provide prospective information so long as those statements are identified as forward-looking and are accompanied by meaningful cautionary statements identifying important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. We desire to take advantage of the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

Forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those predicted by the forward-looking statements because of various factors and possible events, including those factors and events identified (i) in "Item 1A. Risk Factors" of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and (ii) in the "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" section of First Financial's 2019 Annual Report (included within Exhibit 13 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K and incorporated by reference into Item 7 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K).

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and, except as may be required by law, we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made to reflect unanticipated events. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf are qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I

Item 1.  Business.

First Financial Bancorp.

First Financial Bancorp., an Ohio corporation (First Financial or the Company), was formed in 1982.  First Financial is a mid-sized, regional bank holding company headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, which has elected to become a financial holding company. References in this Form 10-K to “we,” “us” or “our” refer, as the context requires, to First Financial and its subsidiaries, collectively or to First Financial as the holding company.

First Financial engages in the business of commercial banking and other banking and banking-related activities through its wholly owned subsidiary, First Financial Bank (the Bank), which was founded in 1863. Effective December 30, 2016, the Bank converted its charter to an Ohio state chartered bank from a nationally chartered bank.

The range of banking services provided by First Financial to individuals and businesses includes commercial lending, real estate lending and consumer financing.  Real estate loans are loans secured by a mortgage lien on the real property of the borrower, which may either be residential property (one to four family residential housing units) or commercial property (owner-occupied and/or investor income producing real estate, such as apartments, shopping centers, or office buildings).  Risk of loss related to lending activities is managed by adherence to standard loan policies that establish certain levels of performance prior to the extension of a loan to the borrower.  In addition, First Financial offers deposit products that include interest-bearing and noninterest-bearing accounts, time deposits and cash management services for commercial customers. A full range of trust and wealth management services is also provided through First Financial’s Wealth Management line of business.

Commercial and industrial loans are made to all types of businesses for a variety of purposes including, but not limited to, inventory, receivables and equipment.  First Financial works with businesses to meet their shorter term working capital needs while also providing long-term financing for their business plans.  First Financial also offers lease and equipment financing through a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Bank, First Financial Equipment Finance LLC (First Equipment Finance).  Credit risk for lending activities is managed through standardized loan policies, established and authorized credit limits, centralized portfolio management and the diversification of market area and industries.  The overall strength of the borrower is evaluated through the credit underwriting process and includes a variety of analytical activities, including the review of historical and projected cash flows, financial performance, financial strength of the principals and guarantors and collateral values, where applicable.

Commercial and industrial lending activities also include equipment and leasehold improvement financing for franchisees throughout the U.S., principally in the quick service and casual dining sector.  The underwriting of these loans incorporates basic credit proficiencies combined with knowledge of select franchise concepts to measure the creditworthiness of proposed multi-unit borrowers.  The focus is on a limited number of concepts that we believe have sound economics, lower closure rates, and higher brand awareness within specified local, regional or national markets.  Loan terms for equipment are generally up to 84 months fully amortizing and up to 180 months on real estate-related requests.

First Financial also offers secured commercial financing throughout the U.S. through two wholly-owned subsidiaries of the Bank, Oak Street Funding LLC (Oak Street) and First Franchise Capital Corporation (First Franchise). Oak Street lends to the insurance industry, registered investment advisors, certified public accountants and indirect auto finance companies, while First Franchise lends to restaurant franchisees. Together, these niche lending activities are driven by acquisitions, ownership transitions and financing general working capital needs.  The underwriting of Oak Street's loans involves analyses of collateral (through use of Oak Street’s proprietary system) that consists of revenue, which is then continuously monitored by Oak Street throughout the life of the loans.

Commercial real estate loans are secured by a mortgage lien on the real property.  The credit underwriting for both owner-occupied and investor income producing real estate loans includes detailed market analysis, historical and projected cash flow analysis, appropriate equity margins, assessment of lessees and lessors, type of real estate and other analyses.  Market diversification within First Financial’s service area and industry diversification are other means by which First Financial manages the risk.  First Financial does not have a significant exposure to residential builders and developers.

The majority of residential real estate loans originated by the Bank conform to secondary market underwriting standards and are sold within a short timeframe to unaffiliated third parties. The Bank sells the loans with both servicing retained and servicing released, depending on pricing and other market conditions.  The credit underwriting standards adhere to a required

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

level of documentation, verifications, valuation and overall credit performance of the borrower.  The underwriting of these loans includes an evaluation of these and other pertinent factors prior to the extension of credit. These underwriting standards increase the marketability and address the credit risk associated with the loans.

Consumer loans are primarily loans made to individuals.  These types of loans include new and used vehicle loans, second mortgages on residential real estate and unsecured loans.  Risk elements in the consumer loan portfolio are primarily focused on the borrower’s cash flow and credit history, which are key indicators of the ability to repay.  A level of security is provided through liens on automobile titles and second mortgage liens, where applicable.  Consumer loans are generally smaller dollar amounts than other types of lending and are made to a large number of customers, increasing diversification within the portfolio.  Economic conditions that affect consumers in First Financial’s markets have a direct impact on the credit quality of these loans.  Higher levels of unemployment, lower levels of income growth and weaker economic growth are factors that may impact consumer loan credit quality.

Home equity lines of credit consist mainly of revolving lines of credit secured by residential real estate.  Home equity lines of credit are generally governed by the same lending policies and subject to the same credit risks as described previously for residential real estate loans.

Information regarding statistical disclosure required by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s Industry Guide 3 is included on the "Statistical Information" page in First Financial's Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2019, and is incorporated herein by reference.

First Financial's executive office is located at 255 East Fifth Street, Suite 800, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202, and the telephone number is (877) 322-9530.  We maintain a website with the address www.bankatfirst.com. The information contained on our website is not included, a part of or incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K. First Financial makes available its Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports, free of charge, as soon as reasonably practicable after filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), through its website, www.bankatfirst.com under the “Investor Relations” link, under “Financial Reporting.”  Copies of such reports also can be found on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

Employees

At December 31, 2019, First Financial and its subsidiaries had 2,123 full-time and part-time employees.

Subsidiaries

A listing of each of First Financial’s subsidiaries can be found in Exhibit 21 to this Form 10-K.

Business Combinations

In August 2019, the Company acquired Bannockburn Global Forex, LLC, an industry-leading capital markets firm. The
Cincinnati-based company provides transactional currency payments, foreign exchange hedging and other advisory products to
closely held enterprises, financial sponsors and downstream financial institutions across the United States. Bannockburn
became a division of the Bank and will continue to operate under the name "Bannockburn Global Forex", taking advantage of its existing brand recognition within the foreign exchange industry. The total purchase consideration was $114.6 million consisting of $53.7 million in cash and $60.9 million of First Financial common stock.

In April 2018, First Financial acquired MainSource Financial Group, Inc., an Indiana bank holding company in a stock-for-stock transaction and MainSource Bank, a wholly owned subsidiary of MainSource, merged into First Financial Bank. Under the terms of the merger agreement, shareholders of MainSource received 1.3875 common shares of First Financial common stock for each share of MainSource common stock. At the effective time of the merger, MainSource had assets of approximately $4.5 billion and operated 88 full-service offices in Indiana, Ohio, Illinois and Kentucky.

Market and Competitive Information

First Financial utilizes a community banking business model and serves a combination of metropolitan and non-metropolitan markets through its full-service banking centers primarily in Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Illinois.  Market selection is based upon a number of factors, but markets are primarily chosen for their potential for growth, long-term profitability and customer reach.  First Financial’s goal is to develop a competitive advantage through a local market focus, building long-term relationships with clients to help them reach greater levels of financial success.

2

TABLE OF CONTENTS


We also compete on a nationwide basis through Oak Street which lends to the insurance industry, registered investment advisors, certified public accountants and indirect auto finance companies, First Franchise which lends to restaurants franchisees and Bannockburn which provides foreign exchange services to customers throughout the United States.

The Company’s markets support many different types of business activities, such as manufacturing, agriculture, education, healthcare and professional services.  Within these markets, growth is projected to continue in key demographic groups and populations.  First Financial’s market evaluation includes demographic measures such as income levels, median household income and population growth.  The Midwestern markets that First Financial serves have historically not experienced the level of economic volatility experienced in other areas of the country, although material fluctuations may occur.  

First Financial believes that it is well positioned to compete in its markets.  Smaller than super-regional and multi-national bank holding companies, First Financial believes that it can meet the needs of its markets through a local decision-making process and that it is better positioned to compete for business than smaller community banks that may have size or geographic limitations.  First Financial’s targeted customers include individuals and small to medium sized businesses within the Bank's geographic footprint. Through its diversified delivery systems of banking centers, ATMs, internet banking and telephone-based transactions, First Financial is able to meet the needs of its customers in an ever-changing marketplace.

First Financial faces strong competition from financial institutions and other non-financial organizations.  Its competitors include local and regional financial institutions, savings and loans and bank holding companies, as well as some of the largest banking organizations in the United States.  In addition, other types of financial institutions, such as credit unions, offer a wide range of loan and deposit services that are competitive with those offered by First Financial. The consumer is also served by brokerage firms and mutual funds that provide checking services, credit cards, margin loans and other services similar to those offered by First Financial.  Online lenders also create additional competition, particularly in the mortgage and consumer lending areas. Major consumer retail stores compete for loans by offering credit cards and retail installment contracts.  It is anticipated that competition from other financial and non-financial services entities will continue and, for certain products and services, intensify.

Supervision and Regulation

First Financial and its subsidiaries are subject to an extensive system of laws and regulations that are intended primarily for the protection of customers, the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF), and the banking system in general and not for the protection of shareholders.  These laws and regulations govern areas such as capital, permissible activities, allowance for loan and lease losses, loans and investments, interest rates that can be charged on loans and consumer protection communications and disclosures.  Certain elements of selected laws and regulations are described in more detail in the sections that follow.  These descriptions are not intended to be complete and are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of the statutes and regulations described.

Bank Holding Company Regulation

As a bank holding company, First Financial is subject to the provisions of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the BHCA), and is subject to supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve Board.  The BHCA requires prior approval by the Federal Reserve Board of the acquisition of 5% or more of the voting stock or substantially all the assets of any bank within the United States.  In addition, First Financial’s acquisition of a savings and loan association requires prior Federal Reserve Board approval. Acquisitions are also subject to certain anti-competitive limitations.

The BHCA and the regulations of the Federal Reserve Board prohibit a bank holding company and its subsidiaries from engaging in certain tie-in arrangements in connection with any extension of credit, lease or sale of property, or furnishing of services.  A tie-in arrangement is when a bank uses its ability to offer banking products in a coercive manner to gain a competitive advantage for non-banking products or services. The BHCA also imposes certain restrictions upon dealings by affiliated banks with the holding company and among themselves, including restrictions on inter-bank borrowing and upon dealings in the securities or obligations of the holding company or other affiliates.

The Federal Reserve Board also has extensive enforcement authority over bank holding companies, including the ability to assess civil monetary penalties, issue cease and desist or removal orders, and require that a bank holding company divest subsidiaries (including a subsidiary bank). In general, the Federal Reserve Board may initiate enforcement actions for violations of laws and regulations and unsafe or unsound practices. A bank holding company is required by law and Federal Reserve Board policy to act as a source of financial strength to each subsidiary bank and to commit resources to support such subsidiary bank. The Federal Reserve Board may require a bank holding company to contribute additional capital to an

3

TABLE OF CONTENTS

undercapitalized subsidiary bank and may disapprove of the payment of dividends to its shareholders if the Federal Reserve Board believes the payment of such dividends would be an unsafe or unsound practice.

With some exceptions, the BHCA prohibits a bank holding company from acquiring or retaining direct or indirect ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares of any company that is not a bank or bank holding company or from engaging directly or indirectly in activities other than those of banking, managing or controlling banks, or providing services for its subsidiaries. The principal exceptions to these prohibitions involve non-bank activities that, by statute or by Federal Reserve Board regulation or order, are held to be closely related to the business of banking or of managing or controlling banks. A bank holding company that elects to be a financial holding company may, however, engage in additional non-bank activities that are financial in nature or incidental to activities that are financial in nature.
Activities that are considered by the Federal Reserve Board to be “financial in nature” include:

securities underwriting, dealing and market making;
sponsoring mutual funds and investment companies;
insurance underwriting and agency;
merchant banking; and
activities that the Federal Reserve Board has determined to be closely related to banking.

A financial holding company must be well-capitalized and well-managed, and each subsidiary bank must be well-capitalized and well-managed and have a CRA rating of at least satisfactory. If a financial holding company or a subsidiary bank fails to meet all requirements for the holding company to maintain financial holding company status, material restrictions may be placed on the activities of the holding company and on the ability of the holding company to enter into certain transactions or obtain regulatory approvals. The holding company could also lose its financial holding company status and could be required to divest ownership or control of all banks owned by the financial holding company. If restrictions are imposed on the activities of a financial holding company, such restrictions may not be made publicly available pursuant to confidentiality regulations of the banking regulators.

Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, as amended (the Dodd-Frank Act), has had a broad impact on the financial services industry, imposing significant regulatory and compliance requirements, including the imposition of increased capital, leverage, and liquidity requirements, and numerous other provisions designed to improve supervision and oversight of, and strengthen safety and soundness within, the financial services sector. Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act established a new framework of authority to conduct systemic risk oversight within the U.S. financial system to be distributed among new and existing federal regulatory agencies, including the U.S. Financial Stability Oversight Council, the Federal Reserve Board, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
In May 2018, the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act (the Regulatory Relief Act) was enacted to modify or remove certain financial reform rules and regulations, including some of those implemented under the Dodd-Frank Act. Bank holding companies with consolidated assets of less than $100 billion, including First Financial, are no longer subject to the enhanced capital, liquidity, risk management and other prudential standards established under the Dodd-Frank Act. The Regulatory Relief Act also relieves bank holding companies and banks with consolidated assets of less than $100 billion, including First Financial, from certain record-keeping, reporting and disclosure requirements. Certain other regulatory requirements applied only to banks with assets in excess of $50 billion and so did not apply to the Company even before the enactment of the Regulatory Relief Act.

Depository Institution Regulation

The Bank, as a bank chartered under the laws of the State of Ohio and a member of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland (Federal Reserve Bank), is subject to supervision and examination by the Federal Reserve Board and the Ohio Division of Financial Institutions (ODFI). The Bank's deposits are insured up to the legal limits by the DIF, which is administered by the FDIC and is subject to the provisions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act, as amended (FDIA). The Bank is also subject to regulations of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), which was established by the Dodd-Frank Act and has broad powers to adopt and enforce consumer protection regulations.

Regulatory Capital

Financial institutions and their holding companies are required to maintain capital as a way of absorbing losses that can and cannot be predicted. The Federal Reserve Board has adopted risk-based capital guidelines for bank holding companies as well

4

TABLE OF CONTENTS

as state banks that are members of a Federal Reserve Bank. The guidelines provide a systematic analytical framework that makes regulatory capital requirements sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banking organizations, takes off-balance sheet exposures expressly into account in evaluating capital adequacy and incentivizes to holding liquid, low-risk assets. Capital levels as measured by these standards are also used to categorize financial institutions for purposes of prompt corrective action regulatory provisions.    

In July 2013, the United States banking regulators approved final rules (the Basel III Capital Rules) implementing the Basel III framework set forth by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, as well as certain provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act. Community banking organizations, including First Financial and the Bank, began transitioning to the new rules when the new minimum capital requirements became effective on January 1, 2015. A capital conservation buffer (i.e. common equity) and additional deductions from common equity capital were phased in through January 1, 2019.

The Basel III capital rules include (a) a minimum common equity tier 1 capital ratio of at least 4.5%, (b) a minimum tier 1 capital ratio of at least 6.0%, (c) a minimum total capital ratio of 8.0% and (d) a minimum leverage ratio of 4.0%.

Common equity for the common equity tier 1 capital ratio includes common stock (plus related surplus) and retained earnings, plus limited amounts of minority interests in the form of common stock, less the majority of certain regulatory deductions.

Tier 1 capital includes common equity as defined for the common equity tier 1 capital ratio, plus certain non-cumulative preferred stock and related surplus, cumulative preferred stock and related surplus, trust preferred securities that have been grandfathered (but which are not otherwise permitted), and limited amounts of minority interests in the form of additional tier 1 capital instruments, less certain deductions.

Tier 2 capital, which can be included in the total capital ratio, includes certain capital instruments (such as subordinated debt) and limited amounts of the allowance for loan and lease losses, subject to specified eligibility criteria, less applicable deductions.

The deductions from common equity tier 1 capital include goodwill and other intangibles, certain deferred tax assets, mortgage-servicing assets above certain levels, gains on sale in connection with a securitization, investments in a banking organization’s own capital instruments and investments in the capital of unconsolidated financial institutions (above certain levels).

The Basel III Capital Rules also place restrictions on the payment of capital distributions, including dividends and stock repurchases, and certain discretionary bonus payments to executive officers if the Company does not hold a capital conservation buffer greater than 2.5% composed of common equity tier 1 capital compared to its minimum risk-based capital requirements, or if its eligible retained income is negative in that quarter and its capital conservation buffer ratio was less than 2.5% at the beginning of the quarter. The capital conservation buffer requirement phases were fully phased in as of January 1, 2019.

Federal banking regulators have established regulations governing prompt corrective action to resolve capital deficient banks. Under these regulations, institutions that become undercapitalized become subject to mandatory regulatory scrutiny and limitations, which increase as capital continues to decrease. Each such institution is also required to file a capital plan with its primary federal regulator, and its holding company must guarantee the capital shortfall up to 5% of the assets of the capital deficient institution at the time it becomes undercapitalized.

In accordance with the Basel III Capital Rules, in order to be “well-capitalized” under the prompt corrective action guidelines, a bank must have a common equity tier 1 capital ratio of at least 6.5%, a total risk-based capital ratio of at least 10.0%, a tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of at least 8.0% and a leverage ratio of at least 5.0%, and the bank must not be subject to any written agreement, order, capital directive or prompt corrective action directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level or any capital measure. At December 31, 2019, the Bank met the capital ratio requirements to be deemed “well-capitalized” according to the guidelines previously described.

A bank with a capital level that might qualify for well capitalized or adequately capitalized status may nevertheless be treated as though the bank is in the next lower capital category if the bank’s primary federal banking supervisory authority determines that an unsafe or unsound condition or practice warrants that treatment. A bank’s operations can be significantly affected by its capital classification under the prompt corrective action rules. For example, a bank that is not well capitalized generally is prohibited from accepting brokered deposits and offering interest rates on deposits higher than the prevailing rate in its market without advance regulatory approval. These deposit-funding limitations can have an effect on the bank’s liquidity. At each successively lower capital category, an insured depository institution is subject to additional restrictions. Undercapitalized banks are required to take specified actions to increase their capital or otherwise decrease the risks to the DIF. Bank regulatory

5

TABLE OF CONTENTS

agencies generally are required to appoint a receiver or conservator within 90 days after a bank becomes critically undercapitalized with a leverage ratio of less than 2%. The FDIA provides that a federal bank regulatory authority may require a bank holding company to divest itself of an undercapitalized bank subsidiary if the agency determines that divestiture will improve the bank’s financial condition and prospects.

On June 16, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued the current expected credit loss (CECL) methodology for estimating allowances for credit losses. CECL replaces the allowance for loan losses (ALLL) standard. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Federal Reserve Board, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) issued a final rule in December 2018 to address regulatory treatment of credit loss allowances under CECL. The final rule revised the federal banking agencies’ regulatory capital rules to identify which credit loss allowances under CECL are eligible for inclusion in regulatory capital and to provide certain banking institutions the option to phase in over three years the day one effects on regulatory capital that may result from the adoption of the CECL. First Financial expects to adopt the regulatory phase-in over the permissible three-year period.

Debit Card Interchange Fees
The “Durbin Amendment” to the Dodd-Frank Act, also known as Regulation II, was enacted into law in July 2010. The Durbin Amendment limits the amount of interchange fees that banks with assets of $10 billion or more may charge to process electronic debit transactions. Under the Durbin Amendment and the Federal Reserve Board’s implementing regulations, bank issuers which are not exempt may only receive an interchange fee from merchants that is reasonable and proportional to the cost of clearing the transaction. The maximum permissible interchange fee is equal to no more than $0.21 plus 5 basis points of the transaction value for many types of debit interchange transactions. A debit card issuer may also recover $0.01 per transaction for fraud prevention purposes if the issuer complies with certain fraud-related requirements established by the Federal Reserve Board. In addition, the Federal Reserve Board has rules governing routing and exclusivity that require issuers to offer two unaffiliated networks for routing transactions on each debit or prepaid product.
First Financial became subject to the Durbin Amendment on July 1, 2019 and will experience the full impact of the Durbin Amendment in its 2020 financial statements. First Financial expects noninterest income to decline by an additional $6.5 million in 2020 as a result of the Durbin Amendment.

Limitations on Dividends and Other Payments

There are various legal limitations on the extent to which a subsidiary bank may finance or otherwise supply funds to its parent holding company. Under applicable federal and state laws, the Bank may not, subject to certain limited exceptions, make loans or extensions of credit to, or investments in the securities of, First Financial. A subsidiary bank is also subject to collateral security requirements for any loan or extension of credit permitted by such exceptions.

The Bank may not pay dividends out of its surplus if, after paying these dividends, it would fail to meet the required minimum capital levels established by the Federal Reserve Board. The amount of dividends payable by the Bank is also restricted if the Bank does not hold a capital conservation buffer as described above. In addition, the Bank must have the approval of the Federal Reserve Board and the ODFI if a dividend in any year would cause the total dividends for that year to exceed the sum of the Bank’s current year’s net income and the retained net income for the preceding two years, less required transfers to surplus or to fund the retirement of preferred stock. Under Ohio law, the Bank may pay a dividend from surplus only with the approval of First Financial (as the sole shareholder of the Bank) and the approval of the ODFI. Payment of dividends by the Bank may be restricted at any time at the discretion of its regulatory authorities, if such regulatory authorities deem such dividends to constitute unsafe and/or unsound banking practices or if necessary to maintain adequate capital.

The ability of First Financial to obtain funds for the payment of dividends, for the servicing of indebtedness and for other cash requirements is largely dependent on the amount of dividends that may be declared by the Bank. However, because the Federal Reserve Board expects First Financial to serve as a source of strength to the Bank, as discussed above, payment of dividends by the Bank may be restricted at any time at the discretion of the Federal Reserve Board if the Federal Reserve Board deems such dividends to constitute an unsafe and/or unsound banking practice.

The Federal Reserve Board has issued a policy statement with regard to the payment of cash dividends by bank holding companies. The policy statement provides that, as a matter of prudent banking, a bank holding company should not maintain a rate of cash dividends unless its net income available to common shareholders has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends, and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears to be consistent with the bank holding company’s capital needs, asset quality, and overall financial condition. Accordingly, a bank holding company generally should not pay cash dividends that exceed its net income or can only be funded in ways that weaken the bank holding company’s financial health, such as by

6

TABLE OF CONTENTS

borrowing. Under certain circumstances, a bank holding company must provide notice to the Federal Reserve Board of an intended dividend payment, to which the Federal Reserve Board might object if it determines the payment would be an unsafe or unsound practice.

Insurance of Accounts

The FDIC maintains the DIF, which insures the deposit accounts of the Bank to the maximum amount provided by law.  The general insurance limit is $250,000 per separately insured depositor.  This insurance is backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government.

The FDIC assesses deposit insurance premiums on each insured institution quarterly based on risk characteristics of the institution. As a bank with assets of more than $10 billion, First Financial is subject to a deposit assessment based on a scorecard issued by the FDIC. This scorecard considers, among other things, the Bank’s CAMELS rating, results of asset-related stress testing and funding-related stress, as well as its use of core deposits, among other things. Depending on the results of the Bank’s performance under that scorecard, the total base assessment rate is between 1.5 and 40 basis points. The FDIC may also impose a special assessment in an emergency situation.

Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC has established 2.0% as the designated reserve ratio (DRR), which is the ratio of the DIF to insured deposits of the total industry. In March 2016, the FDIC adopted final rules designed to meet the statutory minimum DRR of 1.35% by September 30, 2020, the deadline imposed by the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act requires the FDIC to offset the effect on institutions with assets of less than $10 billion of the increase in the statutory minimum DRR to 1.35% from the former statutory minimum of 1.15%. The FDIC’s rules reduced assessment rates on all banks, but imposed a surcharge on banks with assets of $10 billion or more until the DRR reached 1.35% and will provide assessment credits to banks with assets of less than $10 billion for the portion of their assessments that contribute to the increase of the DRR to 1.35%. The rules also changed the method to determine risk-based assessment rates for established banks with less than $10 billion in assets to better ensure that banks taking on greater risks pay more for deposit insurance than less risky banks. The reserve ratio reached 1.36% on September 30, 2018, and, as a result, the surcharge on banks with assets of $10 billion or more ceased with the first assessment invoice in 2019. In addition, once the DRR reached 1.38%, the FDIC applied an assessment credit to banks that had assets below $10 billion at any time during the credit calculation period, which includes the Bank. As such, the Bank received assessment credits in 2019 of approximately $3.4 million.
In addition, all institutions with deposits insured by the FDIC were required to pay assessments to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation, a mixed ownership government corporation established to recapitalize a predecessor to the DIF. These assessments continued until the Financing Corporation bonds matured in September 2019. The last assessment was collected on the March 2019 FDIC invoice.

As insurer, the FDIC is authorized to conduct examinations of and to require reporting by DIF-insured institutions. Insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe and unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by the FDIC or written agreement entered into with the FDIC.

Consumer Protection Laws and Regulations

Banks are subject to regular examination to ensure compliance with federal statutes and regulations applicable to their business, including consumer protection statutes and implementing regulations. Potential penalties under these laws include, but are not limited to, fines. The Dodd-Frank Act established the CFPB, which has extensive regulatory and enforcement powers over consumer financial products and services. As a bank with total assets in excess of $10 billion, the Bank is primarily examined by the CFPB with respect to consumer protection laws and regulations. The CFPB has adopted numerous rules with respect to consumer protection laws and has commenced related enforcement actions. The following are just a few of the consumer protection laws applicable to the Bank:

Community Reinvestment Act of 1977: imposes a continuing and affirmative obligation to fulfill the credit needs of its entire community, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods.

Equal Credit Opportunity Act: prohibits discrimination in any credit transaction on the basis of any of various criteria.

Truth in Lending Act: requires that credit terms are disclosed in a manner that permits a consumer to understand and compare credit terms more readily and knowledgeably.


7

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Fair Housing Act: makes it unlawful for a lender to discriminate in its housing-related lending activities against any person on the basis of any of certain criteria.

Home Mortgage Disclosure Act: requires financial institutions to collect data that enables regulatory agencies to determine whether the financial institutions are serving the housing credit needs of the communities in which they are located.

Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: requires that lenders provide borrowers with disclosures regarding the nature and cost of real estate settlements and prohibits abusive practices that increase borrowers’ costs.

Privacy provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act: requires financial institutions to establish policies and procedures to restrict the sharing of non-public customer data with non-affiliated parties and to protect customer information from unauthorized access.

The banking regulators also use their authority under the Federal Trade Commission Act to take supervisory or enforcement action with respect to unfair or deceptive acts or practices by banks that may not necessarily fall within the scope of specific banking or consumer finance law.

In October 2017, the CFPB issued a final rule (the Payday Rule) to establish regulations for payday loans, vehicle title loans, and certain high-cost installment loans. The Payday Rule addressed two discrete topics. First, it contained a set of provisions with respect to the underwriting of certain covered loans and related reporting and recordkeeping requirements (the Mandatory Underwriting Provisions). Second, it contained a set of provisions establishing certain requirements and limitations with respect to attempts to withdraw payments from consumers’ checking or other accounts and related recordkeeping requirements (the Payment Provisions). The Payday Rule became effective on January 16, 2018. However, most provisions had a compliance date of August 19, 2019.
On June 6, 2019, the CFPB issued a final rule delaying the compliance date for most Mandatory Underwriting Provisions until November 19, 2020. However, the final rule did not delay the compliance date for the Payment Provisions. The CFPB has proposed in a separate notice to rescind the Mandatory Underwriting Provisions. The Payday Rule did not have a material effect on First Financial's financial condition or results of operations on a consolidated basis in 2019.

Community Reinvestment Act

Under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), every FDIC-insured institution is obligated, consistent with safe and sound banking practices, to help meet the credit needs of its entire community, including low and moderate income neighborhoods.  The CRA requires the appropriate federal banking regulator, in connection with the examination of an insured institution, to assess the institution's record of meeting the credit needs of its community and to consider this record in its evaluation of certain applications to banking regulators, such as an application for approval of a merger or the establishment of a branch.  An unsatisfactory rating may be used as the basis for the denial of an application and will prevent a bank holding company from making an election to become a financial holding company. As of its last examination, the Bank received a CRA rating of “satisfactory.”

Privacy Rules

Federal banking regulators, as required under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, as amended (the GLBA), have adopted rules limiting the ability of banks and other financial institutions to disclose nonpublic information about consumers to non-affiliated third parties.  The rules require disclosure of privacy policies to consumers and, in some circumstances, allow consumers to prevent disclosure of certain personal information to non-affiliated third parties.  The privacy provisions of the GLBA affect how consumer information is transmitted through diversified financial services companies and conveyed to outside vendors.


8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Fiscal and Monetary Policies

The earnings of banks, and, therefore, the earnings of First Financial (and its subsidiaries), are affected by the fiscal and monetary policies of the United States government and its agencies, including the Federal Reserve Board.  An important function of the Federal Reserve Board is to regulate the national supply of bank credit in an effort to prevent recession and to restrain inflation.  Among the procedures used to implement these objectives are open market operations in U.S. government securities, changes in the discount rate on member bank borrowings, and changes in reserve requirements on member bank deposits. These policies are used in varying degrees and combinations to directly affect the availability of bank loans and deposits, as well as the interest rates charged on loans and paid on deposits.

Volcker Rule

In December 2013, five federal agencies adopted a final regulation implementing the so-called Volcker Rule provision of the Dodd-Frank Act (the Volcker Rule). The Volcker Rule places limits on the trading activity of insured depository institutions and entities affiliated with depository institutions, subject to certain exceptions. Such trading activity includes the purchase or sale as principal of a security derivative, commodity future, option, or similar instrument in order to benefit from short-term price movements or to realize short-term profits. The Volcker Rule exempts trading in specified U.S. government, agency, state and/or municipal obligations. The Volcker Rule also excludes: (i) trading conducted in certain capacities, including as a broker or other agent, through a deferred compensation or pension plan, as a fiduciary on behalf of customers; (ii) to satisfy a debt previously contracted; (iii) trading under certain repurchase and securities lending agreements; and (iv) trading in connection with risk-mitigating hedging activities. Further, the Volcker Rule prohibits a banking entity from having an ownership interest in, or certain relationships with, a hedge fund or private equity fund, subject to a number of exceptions. To the extent First Financial engages in any of the trading activities or has any ownership interests in or relationship with any of the types of funds regulated by the Volcker Rule, First Financial believes that its activities and relationships fall within the scope of one or more of these exceptions.

Transactions with Affiliates, Directors, Executive Officers and Shareholders

Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act and Federal Reserve Board Regulation W generally:

limit the extent to which a bank or its subsidiaries may engage in “covered transactions” with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10.0% of the bank’s capital stock and surplus;
limit the extent to which a bank or its subsidiaries may engage in “covered transactions” with all affiliates to an amount equal to 20.0% of the bank’s capital stock and surplus; and
require that all such transactions be on terms substantially the same, or at least as favorable to the bank or subsidiary, as those provided to a non-affiliate.

An affiliate of a bank is any company or entity which controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the bank. The term “covered transaction” includes the making of loans to the affiliate, the purchase of assets from the affiliate, the issuance of a guarantee on behalf of the affiliate, the purchase of securities issued by the affiliate, and other similar types of transactions.

A bank’s authority to extend credit to executive officers, directors and greater than 10% shareholders, as well as entities such persons control, is subject to Sections 22(g) and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O promulgated thereunder by the Federal Reserve Board. Among other things, these loans must be made on terms (including interest rates charged and collateral required) substantially the same as those offered to unaffiliated individuals or be made as part of a benefit or compensation program and on terms widely available to employees and must not involve a greater than normal risk of repayment. In addition, the amount of loans a bank may make to these persons is based, in part, on the bank’s capital position, and specified approval procedures must be followed in making loans which exceed specified amounts.


9

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive and Incentive Compensation

In June 2010, the Federal Reserve Board, the OCC and the FDIC issued joint interagency guidance on incentive compensation policies (the Joint Guidance) intended to ensure that the incentive compensation policies of banking organizations do not undermine the safety and soundness of such organizations by encouraging excessive risk-taking. This principles-based guidance, which covers all employees that have the ability to materially affect the risk profile of an organization, either individually or as part of a group, is based upon the key principles that a banking organization’s incentive compensation arrangements should: (i) provide incentives that do not encourage risk-taking beyond the organization’s ability to effectively identify and manage risks; (ii) be compatible with effective internal controls and risk management; and (iii) be supported by strong corporate governance, including active and effective oversight by the organization’s board of directors. The Joint Guidance made incentive compensation part of the regulatory agencies’ examination process, with the findings of the supervisory initiatives included in reports of examination and enforcement actions possible.

In May 2016, the federal bank regulatory agencies approved a joint notice of proposed rules (the Proposed Joint Rules) designed to prohibit incentive-based compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risks at financial institutions. The Proposed Joint Rules apply to covered financial institutions with total assets of $1 billion or more. For all covered institutions, the Proposed Joint Rules:

prohibit incentive-based compensation arrangements that are “excessive” or “could lead to material financial loss;”
require incentive based compensation that is consistent with a balance of risk and reward, effective management and control of risk and effective governance; and
require board oversight, recordkeeping and disclosure to the appropriate regulatory agency.

Further, as stock exchanges adopt additional listing requirements under the Dodd-Frank Act, public companies will be required to implement “clawback” procedures for incentive compensation payments and to disclose the details of the procedures, which will allow recovery of incentive compensation paid on the basis of erroneous financial information necessitating an accounting restatement due to material noncompliance with financial reporting requirements. This clawback policy, once implemented, will apply to compensation paid within a three-year look-back window of the restatement and would cover all executives (including former executives) who received incentive awards.

Office of Foreign Assets Control Regulation

The U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions against targeted foreign countries and regimes, under authority of various laws, including designated foreign countries, nationals and others. OFAC publishes lists of specially designated targets and countries. First Financial is responsible for, among other things, blocking accounts of, and transactions with, such targets and countries, prohibiting unlicensed trade and financial transactions with them and reporting blocked transactions after their occurrence. Failure to comply with these sanctions could have serious financial, legal and reputational consequences, including causing applicable bank regulatory authorities not to approve merger or acquisition transactions when regulatory approval is required or to prohibit such transactions even if approval is not required. Regulatory authorities have imposed cease and desist orders and civil money penalties against institutions found to be violating these obligations.
Cybersecurity
In March 2015, federal regulators issued two related statements regarding cybersecurity. One statement indicates that financial institutions should design multiple layers of security controls to establish several lines of defense and to ensure that their risk management processes also address the risk posed by compromised customer credentials, including security measures to reliably authenticate customers accessing Internet-based services of the financial institution. The other statement indicates that a financial institution’s management is expected to maintain sufficient business continuity planning processes to ensure the rapid recovery, resumption and maintenance of the financial institution’s operations after a cyber-attack involving destructive malware. A financial institution is also expected to develop appropriate processes to enable recovery of data and business operations and address rebuilding network capabilities and restoring data if the financial institution or its critical service providers fall victim to this type of cyber-attack. If First Financial fails to observe the regulatory guidance, it could be subject to various regulatory sanctions, including financial penalties.
In February 2018, the SEC published interpretive guidance to assist public companies in preparing disclosures about cybersecurity risks and incidents. These SEC guidelines, and any other regulatory guidance, are in addition to notification and disclosure requirements under state and federal banking law and regulations.

10

TABLE OF CONTENTS

State regulators have also been increasingly active in implementing privacy and cybersecurity standards and regulations. Recently, several states have adopted regulations requiring certain financial institutions to implement cybersecurity programs and providing detailed requirements with respect to these programs, including data encryption requirements. Many states have also recently implemented or modified their data breach notification and data privacy requirements. First Financial expects this trend of new state-level activity to continue and is actively monitoring developments in the states in which we conduct business.
In the ordinary course of business, First Financial relies on electronic communications and information systems to conduct its operations and to store sensitive data. First Financial employs an in-depth, layered, defensive approach that leverages people, processes and technology to manage and maintain cybersecurity controls. First Financial utilizes a variety of preventative and detective tools to monitor, block, and provide alerts regarding suspicious activity, as well as report on any suspected advanced persistent threats. Notwithstanding the strength of First Financial’s defensive measures, the threat from cyber-attacks is severe, attacks are sophisticated and increasing in volume, and attackers respond rapidly to changes in defensive measures. Risks and exposures related to cybersecurity attacks are expected to remain high for the foreseeable future due to the rapidly evolving nature and sophistication of these threats, in addition to the expanding use of Internet banking, mobile banking and other technology-based products and services by us and our customers.

Patriot Act

In response to the terrorist events of September 11, 2001, the Uniting and Strengthening of America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the Patriot Act) was signed into law in October 2001. The Patriot Act gives the United States government powers to address terrorist threats through enhanced domestic security measures, expanded surveillance powers, increased information sharing and broadened anti-money laundering requirements. Title III of the Patriot Act takes measures intended to encourage information sharing among bank regulatory agencies and law enforcement bodies. Further, certain provisions of Title III impose affirmative obligations on a broad range of financial institutions. Among other requirements, Title III and related regulations require regulated financial institutions to establish a program specifying procedures for obtaining identifying information from customers seeking to open new accounts and establish enhanced due diligence policies, procedures and controls designed to detect and report suspicious activity. The Bank has established policies and procedures that it considers to be in compliance with the requirements of the Patriot Act.

State Law

As an Ohio-chartered bank, the Bank is subject to regular examination by the ODFI. State banking regulation affects the Bank’s internal organization and corporate governance, capital distributions, activities, acquisitions of other institutions and branching. State banking regulation may contain limitations on an institution’s activities that are in addition to limitations imposed under federal banking law. The ODFI may initiate supervisory measures or formal enforcement actions, and under certain circumstances, it may take control of an Ohio-chartered bank.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

The risks listed here are not the only risks we face. Additional risks that are not presently known, or that we presently deem to be immaterial, also could have a material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, business and prospects. (See also “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for certain forward looking statements.)

Risks Related to Economic and Market Conditions

Weakness in the economy and in the real estate market, including specific weakness within our geographic footprint, may affect us, including requiring us to record additional loan loss provision or to charge off loans.
First Financial’s success depends, in part, on economic and political conditions, local and national, as well as governmental fiscal and monetary policies. Conditions such as inflation, recession, unemployment, changes in interest rates, fiscal and monetary policy and other factors beyond First Financial’s control may affect its deposit levels and composition, demand for loans, the ability of borrowers to repay their loans and the value of the collateral securing the loans it makes. Economic turmoil in different regions of the world affect the economy and stock prices in the United States, which can affect First Financial’s earnings and capital and the ability of its customers to repay loans. Due to First Financial's volume of real estate loans, declining real estate values could affect the value of property used as collateral as well as First Financial’s ability to sell the collateral upon foreclosure.

11

TABLE OF CONTENTS

If the strength of the U.S. economy in general and the strength of the local economies in which we conduct operations decline, this could result in, among other things, a deterioration of credit quality or a reduced demand for credit, including a resultant effect on our loan portfolio and allowance for credit losses. These factors could also result in higher delinquencies and greater charge-offs in future periods, which would materially affect our financial condition and results of operations.
There is no assurance that our non-impaired loans will not become impaired or that our impaired loans will not suffer further deterioration in value. The fluctuations in national, regional and local economic conditions, including those related to local residential, commercial real estate and construction markets, may result in increased charge-offs and, consequently, reduce our net income. These fluctuations are not predictable, cannot be controlled and may have a material impact on our operations and financial condition even if other favorable events occur.
Weakness in the real estate market, including the secondary market for residential mortgage loans, could affect us.
Disruptions in the secondary market for residential mortgage loans limit the market for and liquidity of many mortgage loans. The effects of mortgage market challenges, combined with reductions in residential real estate market prices and reduced levels of home sales, could affect the value of collateral securing mortgage loans that we hold, mortgage loan originations and profits on sales of mortgage loans. Such conditions could result in higher losses or charge-offs in our mortgage loan portfolio and other lines of business. Declines in real estate values, home sale volumes, financial stress on borrowers as a result of job losses, interest rate resets on adjustable rate mortgage loans or other factors could have further effects on borrowers that could result in higher delinquencies and greater charge-offs in future periods, which would affect our financial condition or results of operations. Additionally, declines in real estate values might affect the creditworthiness of state and local governments, resulting in decreased profitability or credit losses from loans made to such governments. A decline in home values or overall economic weakness could also have an impact upon the value of real estate or other assets which we own upon foreclosing a loan and our ability to realize value on such assets.
Changes in market interest rates or capital markets could affect our revenues and expenses, the value of assets and obligations, and the availability and cost of capital or liquidity.
Given our business mix, and the fact that most of our assets and liabilities are financial in nature, we tend to be sensitive to market interest rate movements and the performance of the financial markets. Our primary source of income is net interest income, which is the difference between the interest income generated by our interest-earning assets (consisting primarily of loans and, to a lesser extent, securities) and the interest expense generated by our interest-bearing liabilities. Prevailing economic conditions, fiscal and monetary policies and the policies of various regulatory agencies all affect market rates of interest and the availability and cost of credit, which, in turn, significantly affect financial institutions’ net interest income. If the interest we pay on deposits and other borrowings increases at a faster rate than increases in the interest we receive on loans and investments, net interest income, and, therefore, our earnings, could be affected. Earnings could also be affected if the interest we receive on loans and other investments falls more quickly than the interest we pay on deposits and other borrowings.
In addition to the general impact of the economy, changes in interest rates or in valuations in the debt or equity markets could directly impact us in one or more of the following ways:

the yield on earning assets and rates paid on interest bearing liabilities may change in disproportionate ways;
the value of certain balance sheet and off-balance sheet financial instruments or the value of equity investments that we hold could decline;
the value of assets for which we provide processing services could decline;
the demand for loans and refinancings may decline, which could negatively impact income related to loan originations; or
to the extent we access capital markets to raise funds to support our business, such changes could affect the cost of such funds or the ability to raise such funds.

Although we have implemented procedures we believe will reduce the potential effects of changes in interest rates on our results of operations, these procedures may not always be successful. In addition, any substantial or prolonged change in market interest rates could affect our financial condition, results of operations and liquidity.
We may be impacted by the transition from LIBOR as a reference rate.

The London Interbank Offered Rate or “LIBOR” is used extensively in the United States and globally as a reference rate for various commercial and financial contracts, including adjustable rate mortgages, corporate debt, interest rate swaps and other

12

TABLE OF CONTENTS

derivatives. In 2017, the United Kingdom’s Financial Conduct Authority announced that in 2021 it would no longer compel banks to submit rates required to calculate LIBOR. Therefore, it is uncertain at this time to what extent banks will continue to provide submissions for the calculation of LIBOR after 2021.
As a result of this announcement, regulators, industry groups and certain committees (e.g., the Alternative Reference Rates Committee) have, among other things, published recommended fallback language for LIBOR-linked financial instruments, identified and recommended alternatives for LIBOR rates (e.g., the Secured Overnight Financing Rate as the recommended alternative to U.S. Dollar LIBOR) and proposed implementations of the recommended alternatives in floating rate instruments, including loans and derivatives. It is currently unknown whether these recommendations and proposals will be broadly accepted, whether they will continue to evolve, and what effect of their implementation may have on the markets for floating-rate financial instruments. Any discontinuance, modification, alternative reference rates or other reforms may affect interest rates on our current or future indebtedness and other financial instruments.
First Financial has established a working group to manage the LIBOR transition process.  The working group is in the process of identifying all LIBOR-related contracts and determining which, if any, will require amended language to incorporate a substitute reference rate.  The working group has also developed and implemented flexible language regarding reference rates for all new loan products and agreements and is working on identifying a replacement index for 2021 and beyond. 
Until this replacement rate is identified and all agreements have been addressed, we will continue to have a significant number of loans, derivative contracts, borrowings and other financial instruments with attributes that are directly or indirectly dependent on LIBOR.  The transition from LIBOR could create considerable costs and additional risk for us.  Since proposed alternative rates are calculated differently, payments under contracts referencing new rates will differ from those referencing LIBOR.  The transition will change our market risk profiles, requiring changes to risk and pricing models, valuation tools, product design and hedging strategies.  Further, our failure to adequately manage this transition process with our customers could impact our reputation. Although we are currently unable to assess what the ultimate impact of the transition from LIBOR will be, any market-wide transition away from LIBOR could have an effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Declining values of real estate, increases in unemployment, insurance market disruptions and the related effects on local economies may increase our credit losses, which would negatively affect our financial results.

We offer a variety of secured loans, including commercial lines of credit, commercial term loans, real estate, construction, home equity, consumer and other loans. Many of our loans are secured by real estate (both residential and commercial) within our market area. A major change in the real estate market, such as deterioration in the value of collateral, or in the local or national economy, could affect our customers' ability to pay these loans, which in turn could impact our results of operations and financial condition. Additionally, increases in unemployment also may affect the ability of certain clients to repay loans and the financial results of commercial clients in localities with higher unemployment, may result in loan defaults and foreclosures and may impair the value of our collateral. Loan defaults and foreclosures are unavoidable in the banking industry, and we try to limit our exposure to this risk by monitoring carefully our extensions of credit. Additionally, a concentration of natural disasters or a significant disruption in the insurance market could impact the risk relating to our insurance lending business. We cannot fully eliminate credit risk, and as a result, credit losses may increase in the future.

Our financial instruments carried at fair value expose us to certain market risks.
We maintain an available-for-sale investment securities portfolio, which includes assets with various types of instruments and maturities. At times, we also maintain certain assets that are classified and accounted for as trading assets. The changes in fair value of available-for-sale securities are recognized in shareholders' equity as a component of other comprehensive income. The changes in fair value of financial instruments classified as trading assets are carried at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings. The fair value of financial instruments carried at fair value is exposed to market risks related to changes in interest rates and market liquidity. We manage the market risks associated with these instruments through broad asset/liability management strategies. Changes in the market values of these financial instruments could have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations. We may classify additional financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value in the future.

13

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Risks Related to Our Business
When we loan money, commit to loan money or enter into a letter of credit or other contract with a counterparty, we incur credit risk, or the risk of loss if our borrowers do not repay their loans or our counterparties fail to perform according to the terms of their contracts.
As lending is one of our primary business activities, the credit quality of our portfolio can have a significant impact on our earnings. We estimate and establish reserves for credit risks and probable incurred credit losses inherent in our loan portfolio. This process, which is critical to our financial results and condition, requires difficult, subjective and complex judgments, including reviews of economic conditions and how these economic conditions might impair the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans. As is the case with any such assessments, there is always the chance that we will fail to identify the proper factors or that we will fail to accurately estimate the impacts of factors that we identify. In addition, large loans, letters of credit and contracts with individual counterparties in our portfolio magnify the credit risk that we face, as the impact of large borrowers and counterparties not repaying their loans or performing according to the terms of their contracts has a disproportionately significant impact on our credit losses and reserves.
The information that we use in managing our credit risk may be inaccurate or incomplete, which may result in an increased risk of default and otherwise have an effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
In deciding whether to extend credit or enter into other transactions with clients and counterparties, we may rely on information furnished by or on behalf of clients and counterparties, including financial statements and other financial information. We also may rely on representations of clients and counterparties as to the accuracy and completeness of that information and, with respect to financial statements, on reports of independent auditors. Although we regularly review our credit exposure to specific clients and counterparties and to specific industries that we believe may present credit concerns, default risk may arise from events or circumstances that are difficult to detect, such as fraud. Moreover, such circumstances, including fraud, may become more likely to occur or be detected in periods of general economic uncertainty. We may also fail to receive full information with respect to the risks of a counterparty. In addition, in cases where we have extended credit against collateral, we may find that we are under-secured, for example, as a result of sudden declines in market values that reduce the value of collateral or due to fraud with respect to such collateral. If such events or circumstances were to occur, it could result in a potential loss of revenue and have an effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
Our allowance for credit losses may prove to be insufficient to absorb losses in our loan portfolio.
Like all financial institutions, we maintain an allowance for credit losses to provide for loans in our portfolio that may not be repaid in their entirety. We believe that our allowance for credit losses is maintained at a level adequate to absorb probable incurred losses inherent in our loan portfolio as of the corresponding balance sheet date. However, our allowance for credit losses may not be sufficient to cover actual loan losses, and future provision for credit losses could materially and affect our operating results. The accounting measurements related to impairment and the allowance for credit losses require significant estimates which are subject to uncertainty and change related to new information and changing circumstances. Our estimates of the risk of loss and amount of loss on any loan are complicated by the significant uncertainties surrounding our borrowers’ abilities to successfully execute their business models through changing economic environments, competitive challenges and other factors. Because of the degree of uncertainty and susceptibility of these factors to change, our actual losses may vary from our current estimates.
Our regulators, as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review our allowance for credit losses and may require us to increase our allowance for credit losses by recognizing additional provision for losses charged to expense, or to decrease our allowance for credit losses by recognizing loan charge-offs, net of recoveries. Any such additional provision for loan losses or charge-offs, as required by these regulatory agencies, could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Projections for new business initiatives and strategies may prove inaccurate.
The introduction, implementation, withdrawal, success and timing of business initiatives and strategies, including, but not limited to, the opening of new banking centers or entering into new product lines, may be less successful or may be different than anticipated, which could affect our business.
The Bank makes certain projections and develops plans and strategies for its banking and financial products. If we do not accurately determine demand for our banking and financial products, it could result in us incurring significant expenses without the anticipated increases in revenue, which could result in a material effect on the Bank’s business.

14

TABLE OF CONTENTS

We may be required to repurchase mortgage loans or indemnify mortgage loan purchasers as a result of breaches of representations and warranties, borrower fraud, or certain borrower defaults, which could harm our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition.
When we sell mortgage loans, whether as whole loans or pursuant to a securitization, we are required to make customary representations and warranties to the purchaser about the mortgage loans and the manner in which they were originated. Our whole loan sale agreements require us to repurchase or substitute mortgage loans in the event we breach any of these representations or warranties. In addition, we may be required to repurchase mortgage loans as a result of borrower fraud. While we have taken steps to enhance our underwriting policies and procedures, there can be no assurance that these steps will be effective or reduce risk associated with loans sold in the past. If the level of repurchase and indemnity activity becomes material, our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition may be affected.
Competition in the financial services industry is intense and could result in our losing business or experiencing reduced margins.
We operate in a highly competitive industry that could become even more competitive as a result of legislative, regulatory and technological changes, and continued consolidation. We face aggressive competition from other domestic and foreign lending institutions as well as from numerous other providers of financial services. The ability of non-banking financial institutions to provide services previously limited to commercial banks has intensified competition. Because non-banking financial institutions are not subject to the same regulatory restrictions as banks and bank holding companies, they can often operate with greater flexibility and lower cost structures. Securities firms and insurance companies that elect to become financial holding companies may acquire banks and other financial institutions. The OCC has recently announced that it will accept applications for national bank charters from non-depository financial technology companies engaged in banking activities. These developments may significantly change the competitive environment in which we conduct business. Some of our competitors have greater financial resources and/or face fewer regulatory constraints. Credit unions that compete with us have advantages that allow them to price products and services more competitively. As a result of these various sources of competition, we could lose business to competitors or be forced to price products and services on less advantageous terms to retain or attract clients, either of which would affect our profitability.
Clients could pursue alternatives to bank deposits, causing us to lose a relatively inexpensive source of funding.
Checking and savings account balances and other forms of client deposits could decrease if clients perceive alternative investments as providing superior expected returns. When clients move money out of bank deposits in favor of alternative investments, we can lose a relatively inexpensive source of funds, increasing our funding costs.
Consumers may decide not to use banks to complete their financial transactions, or deposit funds electronically with banks having no branches within our market area, which could affect net income.
Technology and other changes allow parties to complete financial transactions without banks. For example, consumers can pay bills and transfer funds directly without banks. Consumers can also shop for higher deposit interest rates at banks across the country, which may offer higher rates because they have few or no physical branches and open deposit accounts electronically. This process could result in the loss of fee income, as well as the loss of client deposits, in addition to increasing our funding costs.
Our wealth management business subjects us to a variety of investment and market risks.
At December 31, 2018, we had $2.9 billion in assets under management. A sharp decline in the stock market could negatively impact the amount of assets under management and thus subject our earnings to additional risks and uncertainties.
Our foreign exchange business is largely dependent upon a small number of large clients and volatility in the markets.
In August 2019 First Financial acquired Bannockburn Global Forex, a capital markets firm engaged in various foreign exchange market activities. Bannockburn’s business model relies, to some extent, upon a small number of large clients engaged in foreign currency transactions. The loss of one or more of these large client would adversely affect the revenue derived from Bannockburn.

Additionally, foreign currency transactions increase as volatility in the market increases. Sustained periods of stability in the financial markets could adversely affect Bannockburn’s revenue.


15

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Negative public opinion could damage our reputation and impact business operations and revenues.
As a financial institution, our earnings and capital are subject to risks associated with negative public opinion. Negative public opinion could result from our actual or alleged conduct in any number of activities, including lending practices, the failure of any product or service sold by us to meet our clients’ expectations or applicable regulatory requirements, corporate governance and acquisitions, or from actions taken by government regulators and community organizations in response to those activities. Negative public opinion can affect our ability to attract and/or retain clients and can expose us to litigation and regulatory action. Negative public opinion could also affect our ability to borrow funds in the unsecured wholesale debt markets.
We rely on other companies to provide key components of our business infrastructure, creating risks of failures by such companies and cybersecurity incidents involving our customers’ information.
Third parties provide key components of our business infrastructure, such as processing and Internet connections and network access. Any disruption in such services provided by these third parties or any failure of these third parties to handle current or higher volumes of use could affect our ability to deliver products and services to clients and otherwise to conduct business. Technological or financial difficulties of a third-party service provider could affect our business to the extent those difficulties result in the interruption or discontinuation of services provided by that party. These vendors provide services that support our operations, including the storage and processing of sensitive consumer and business customer data, as well as our sales efforts.
A cybersecurity breach of a vendor's system may result in theft of our data or disruption of business processes. A material breach of customer data security at a service provider's site may negatively impact our business reputation and cause a loss of customers, result in increased expense to contain the event and/or require that we provide credit monitoring services for affected customers, result in regulatory fines and sanctions, and may result in litigation. We may experience liability to our customers for losses arising from a breach of a vendor's data security system. We rely on our outsourced service providers to implement and maintain prudent cybersecurity controls. Furthermore, we may not be insured against all types of losses as a result of third-party failures, and our insurance coverage may be inadequate to cover all losses resulting from system failures or other disruptions. Failures in our business infrastructure could interrupt the operations or increase the costs of doing business.
We rely on our systems, employees and certain counterparties, and certain failures could affect our operations.

We are exposed to many types of operational risk, including the risk of fraud by employees and outsiders, clerical and record-keeping errors, and computer/telecommunications systems malfunctions. Our businesses are dependent on our ability to process a large number of increasingly complex transactions. If any of our financial, accounting or other data processing systems fail or have other significant shortcomings, we could be affected. We depend on internal systems and outsourced technology to support these data storage and processing operations. Our inability to use or access these information systems at critical points in time could unfavorably impact the timeliness and efficiency of our business operations. In recent years, some banks have experienced denial of service attacks in which individuals or organizations flood the bank's website with extraordinarily high volumes of traffic, with the goal and effect of disrupting the ability of the bank to process transactions. Additionally, we could be affected if one of our employees causes a significant operational break-down or failure, either as a result of human error or where an individual purposefully sabotages or fraudulently manipulates our operations or systems.
We are also at risk of an impact on our systems and operations from natural disasters, terrorism and international hostilities. Such events can also impact power or communications systems operated by others on which we rely.

Misconduct by employees could include fraudulent, improper or unauthorized activities on behalf of clients or improper use of confidential information. We may not be able to prevent employee errors or misconduct, and the precautions we take to detect this type of activity might not be effective in all cases. Employee errors or misconduct could subject us to civil claims for negligence or regulatory enforcement actions, including fines and restrictions on our business.

In addition, there have been instances where financial institutions have been victims of fraudulent activity in which criminals pose as customers to initiate wire and automated clearinghouse transactions out of customer accounts. The breach of the systems of a credit bureau presents additional threats as criminals now have more information about a larger portion of our country's population than past breaches have involved, which could be used by criminals to pose as customers initiating transfers of money from customer accounts. Although we have policies and procedures in place to verify the authenticity of our customers, we cannot assure that such policies and procedures will prevent all fraudulent transfers. Such activity can result in financial liability and harm to our reputation.


16

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Unauthorized disclosure of sensitive or confidential client or customer information, whether through a breach of our computer systems or otherwise, or other breaches in the security of our systems could harm our business. 

As part of our business, we collect, process and retain sensitive and confidential client and customer information on behalf of our subsidiaries and other third parties. Despite the security measures we have in place, our facilities and systems, and those of our third-party service providers, may be vulnerable to security breaches, acts of vandalism, computer viruses, theft of information, misplaced or lost data, programming and/or human errors, or other similar events. If information security is breached, information can be lost or misappropriated, resulting in financial loss or costs to us or damages to others. Our systems can be rendered inoperable, resulting in our inability to provide service to our customers. Any security breach involving the misappropriation, loss, destruction or unauthorized disclosure of confidential customer information, whether by us or by our vendors, could severely damage our reputation, expose us to the risk of litigation and liability, disrupt our operations and have a material effect on our business.

Cybersecurity risk management programs are expensive to maintain and will not protect us from all risks associated with maintaining the security of customer data and our proprietary data from external and internal intrusions, disaster recovery and failures in the controls used by our vendors. Employee error or misconduct may result in failure to implement policies and procedures designed to avoid risks. Moreover, as technology and cyberattacks change over time, we must continually monitor and change systems to guard against new threats. We may not know of and be able to guard against a new threat until after an attack has occurred. Congress and the legislatures of states in which we operate regularly consider legislation that would impose more stringent data privacy requirements.
Any of these occurrences could result in our diminished ability to operate one or more of our businesses, potential liability to clients, reputational damage and regulatory intervention in the form of requirements, restrictions and penalties, which could affect us.
Weaknesses of other financial institutions could affect us.
Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be affected by the actions and lack of commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, and counterparty relationships, among others. As a result, defaults by, or even rumors or questions about, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry in general, have led to market-wide liquidity problems and could lead to losses or defaults by us or by other institutions in the future. A default, or threatened default, of a large institution could negatively impact the entire financial system, and could expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty or client. In addition, our credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be realized upon or is liquidated at prices not sufficient to recover the full amount of the financial instrument exposure due us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not affect our financial condition or results of operations.
Maintaining or increasing market share depends on market acceptance and regulatory approval of new products and services.

Our success depends, in part, on our ability to adapt products and services to evolving industry standards. There is increasing pressure to provide products and services at lower prices, which can reduce net interest income and noninterest income from fee-based products and services. In addition, the widespread adoption of new technologies could require us to make substantial capital expenditures to modify or adapt existing products and services or develop new products and services. We may not be successful in introducing new products and services in response to industry trends or developments in technology or those new products may not achieve market acceptance. As a result, we could lose business, be forced to price products and services on less advantageous terms to retain or attract clients, or be subject to increased costs.
We may not pay dividends on our common shares.
Holders of our common shares are only entitled to receive such dividends as our Board of Directors may declare out of funds legally available for such payments. Although we have historically declared cash dividends on our common shares, we are not required to do so and may reduce or eliminate our common share dividend in the future. Additionally, our funds to pay dividends on common shares are dependent upon dividends paid to us by the Bank, which are subject to regulatory restrictions in certain circumstances. A reduction in our dividend rate could affect the market price of our common shares.

17

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Our liquidity is dependent upon our ability to receive dividends from our subsidiaries, which accounts for most of our revenue and could affect our ability to pay dividends, and we may be unable to enhance liquidity from other sources.
We are a separate and distinct legal entity from our subsidiaries, notably First Financial Bank. We receive substantially all of our revenue from dividends from our subsidiaries. These dividends are the principal source of funds to pay dividends on our common shares and interest and principal on outstanding debt. Various federal and/or state laws and regulations limit or restrict the amount of dividends that the Bank and certain of our non-bank subsidiaries may pay us. Additionally, if our subsidiaries’ earnings are not sufficient to make dividend payments to us while maintaining adequate capital levels, we may not be able to make dividend payments to our common shareholders. As of December 31, 2019, the Bank had $155.7 million available to pay dividends to First Financial without prior regulatory approval.
To enhance liquidity, we may borrow under credit facilities or from other sources. Turbulence in the capital and credit markets may cause many lenders and institutional investors to reduce or cease to provide funding to borrowers and, as a result, we may not be able to further increase liquidity through additional borrowings.
Limitations on our ability to receive dividends from our subsidiaries or an inability to increase liquidity through additional borrowings, or inability to maintain, renew or replace existing credit facilities, could have a material effect on our liquidity and on our ability to pay dividends on our common shares and interest and principal on our debt.
As of December 31, 2019, we had indebtedness of $1.7 billion.
Disruptions in our ability to access capital markets may affect our capital resources, liquidity and business.

We depend on wholesale capital markets to provide us with sufficient capital resources and liquidity to meet our commitments and business needs, and to accommodate the transaction and cash management needs of our clients. Other sources of funding available to us, and upon which we rely as regular components of our liquidity risk management strategy, include inter-bank borrowings, repurchase agreements and borrowings from the Federal Home Loan Bank system. Any occurrence that may limit our access to these sources, such as a decline in the confidence of debt purchasers, a downgrade in our credit rating, or a downgrade in the credit rating of our depositors or counterparties participating in the capital markets, may affect our capital costs and our ability to raise capital and, in turn, our liquidity.
Significant or sustained declines in our current market capitalization could impact the carrying value of our goodwill.
Numerous facts and circumstances are considered when evaluating the carrying value of our goodwill. One of those considerations is our market capitalization, evaluated over a reasonable period of time, in relation to the aggregate estimated fair value of the reporting unit. While this comparison provides some relative market information regarding the estimated fair value of our reporting unit, it is not determinative and needs to be evaluated in the context of the current economic and political environment. However, significant and/or sustained declines in First Financial’s market capitalization, especially in relation to First Financial’s book value, could be an indication of potential impairment of goodwill.
A reduction in our credit rating could affect us or the holders of our securities.
The credit rating agencies assessing our creditworthiness regularly evaluate the Company, and credit ratings are based on a number of factors, including our financial strength and ability to generate earnings, as well as factors not entirely within our control, including changes in rating methodologies and conditions affecting the financial services industry and the economy. There can be no assurance that we will maintain our current credit rating. A downgrade of the credit rating of the Company could affect our access to liquidity and capital, and could significantly increase our cost of funds, trigger additional collateral or funding requirements and decrease the number of investors and counterparties willing to lend to us or purchase our securities. This could affect our growth, profitability and financial condition, including liquidity.

We may feel challenged in retaining key officers and employees.
Our future operating results depend substantially upon the continued service of our executive officers and key personnel. Our future operating results also depend in significant part upon our ability to attract and retain qualified management, lending, financial, technical, marketing, sales, and support personnel. Competition for qualified personnel is intense and we cannot ensure success in attracting or retaining qualified personnel. There may be only a limited number of persons with the requisite skills to serve in these positions, and it may be increasingly difficult for us to hire personnel over time.

18

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Our ability to retain key officers and employees may be further impacted by legislation and regulation affecting the financial services industry. For example, legislation and bank regulatory action that places restrictions on executive compensation at, and the pay practices of, financial institutions may further impact our ability to compete for talent with other industries that are not subject to the same limitations as financial institutions.
Our business, financial condition, or results of operations could be materially affected by the loss of any of our key employees, or our inability to attract and retain skilled employees.
Potential acquisitions may disrupt our business and dilute shareholder value, and we may not be able to successfully consummate or integrate such acquisitions.
Acquiring other banks, businesses, or branches involves various risks commonly associated with acquisitions, including, among other things:
potential exposure to unknown or contingent liabilities of the target company;
exposure to potential asset quality issues of the target company;
difficulty and expense of integrating the operations and personnel of the target company;
difficulty or added costs in the wind-down of non-strategic operations;
potential disruption to our business;
potential diversion of our management’s time and attention;
the possible loss of key employees and customers of the target company;
difficulty in estimating the value (including goodwill) of the target company;
difficulty in receiving appropriate regulatory approval for any proposed transaction; and
potential changes in banking, or tax laws or regulations or accounting rules that may affect the target company.

We regularly evaluate merger and acquisition opportunities and conduct due diligence activities related to possible transactions with other financial institutions and financial services companies. As a result, merger or acquisition discussions and, in some cases negotiations, may take place and future mergers or acquisitions involving cash, debt or equity securities may occur at any time. Acquisitions could involve the payment of a premium over book and market values, and, therefore, some dilution of our tangible book value and net income per common share may occur in connection with any future transaction. Furthermore, any difficulty integrating businesses acquired as a result of a merger or acquisition and the failure to realize the expected revenue increases, cost savings, increases in geographic or product presence, and/or other projected benefits from an acquisition could have an impact on our liquidity, results of operations and financial condition and any such integration could divert management’s time and attention from managing our company in an effective manner.
Any merger or acquisition opportunity that we decide to pursue will ultimately be subject to regulatory approval or other closing conditions. We may expend substantial time and resources pursuing potential acquisitions which may not be consummated because regulatory approval or other closing requirements are not satisfied. Additionally, the banking regulators and applicable laws and regulations may restrict our ability to engage in acquisitions under certain circumstances.
Our accounting policies and processes are critical to how we report our financial condition and results of operations. They require management to make estimates about matters that are uncertain.
Accounting policies and processes are fundamental to how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. Management must exercise judgment in selecting and applying many of these accounting policies and processes so they comply with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States (GAAP).
Management has identified certain accounting policies as being critical because they require management’s judgment to ascertain the valuations of assets, liabilities, commitments and contingencies. A variety of factors could affect the ultimate valuation that is made when recording income, recognizing an expense, recovering an asset, valuing an asset or liability, or reducing a liability. We have established detailed policies and control procedures that are intended to ensure these critical accounting estimates and judgments are well controlled and applied consistently. In addition, our policies and procedures are intended to ensure that the process for changing methodologies occurs in an appropriate manner. Because of the uncertainty surrounding our judgments and the estimates pertaining to these matters, we cannot guarantee that we will not be required to adjust accounting policies or re-state prior period financial statements.
See the “Critical Accounting Policies” in the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Note 1- Summary of Significant Accounting Policies in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, in our 2019 Annual Report (included within Exhibit 13 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K) for more information.

19

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Changes in our accounting policies or in accounting standards could materially affect how we report our financial results and condition.
From time to time, the FASB and SEC change the financial accounting and reporting standards that govern the preparation of our financial statements. These changes can be hard to predict and can materially impact how we record and report our financial condition and results of operations. In some cases, we could be required to apply a new or revised standard retroactively, resulting in us restating prior period financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued a new accounting standard for recognizing current expected credit losses, commonly referred to as CECL. CECL will result in earlier recognition of credit losses and requires consideration of not only past and current events but also reasonable and supportable forecasts that affect collectibility. First Financial will be required to comply with the new standard in the first quarter of 2020. Upon adoption of CECL in the first quarter of 2020, credit loss allowances are anticipated to increase, which would decrease retained earnings and regulatory capital. The federal banking regulators have adopted a regulation that will allow banks to phase in the day-one impact of CECL on regulatory capital over three years. First Financial expects to adopt the regulatory phase-in over the permissible three year period. CECL implementation poses operational risk, including the failure to properly transition internal processes or systems, which could lead to errors, financial misstatements or operational losses.

Our disclosure controls and procedures may not prevent or detect all errors or acts of fraud.

Our disclosure controls and procedures are designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed by us in reports we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) is accurately accumulated and communicated to management, and recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms. We believe that any disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of management's system of controls are met.

These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision making can be faulty, that alternative reasoned judgments can be drawn, or that breakdowns can occur because of a simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by an unauthorized override of the controls. Accordingly, because of the inherent limitations in management's system of controls, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.
Our revenues derived from investment securities may be volatile and subject to a variety of risks.
We generally maintain investment securities and trading positions in the fixed income markets. Unrealized gains and losses associated with our investment portfolio and mark to market gains and losses associated with our investment portfolio are affected by many factors, including our credit position, interest rate volatility and volatility in capital markets, among other economic factors. Our return on such investments could experience volatility, and such volatility may affect our financial condition and results of operations. Additionally, accounting regulations may require us to record a charge prior to the actual realization of a loss when market valuations of such securities are impaired and such impairment is considered to be other than temporary.
Risks Related to the Legal and Regulatory Environment

If our regulators deem it appropriate, they can take regulatory actions that could impact our ability to compete for new business, constrain our ability to fund our liquidity needs and increase the cost of our services.

First Financial and its subsidiaries are subject to the supervision and regulation of various state and federal regulators, including the Federal Reserve Board, the FDIC, the SEC, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the ODFI, and various other state regulatory agencies. As such, we are subject to a wide variety of laws and regulations. As part of their supervisory process, which includes periodic examinations and continuous monitoring, the regulators have the authority to impose restrictions or conditions on our activities and the manner in which we manage the organization. These actions could impact the organization in a variety of ways, including subjecting us to monetary fines, restricting our ability to pay dividends, precluding mergers or acquisitions, limiting our ability to offer certain products or services, or imposing additional capital, operating, or oversight requirements.

20

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The fiscal and monetary policies of the U.S. government and its agencies could have an effect on our earnings.
The Federal Reserve Board regulates the supply of money and credit in the United States. Its policies determine in large part the cost of funds for lending and investing and the returns earned on those loans and investments, both of which affect the net interest margin. The resultant changes in interest rates can also materially affect the value of certain financial assets we hold, such as debt securities. The policies of the Federal Reserve Board can also affect borrowers, potentially increasing the risk that they may fail to repay their loans. Changes in Federal Reserve Board policies are beyond our control and difficult to predict; consequently, the impact of these changes on our activities and results of operations is difficult to predict.
We are subject to ongoing tax examinations in various jurisdictions. The Internal Revenue Service and other taxing jurisdictions may propose various adjustments to our previously filed tax returns. It is possible that the ultimate resolution of such proposed adjustments, if unfavorable, may be material to the results of operations in the period it occurs.
In the ordinary course of business, we operate in various taxing jurisdictions and are subject to income and non-income taxes. The effective tax rate is based in part on our interpretation of the relevant current tax laws. We believe the aggregate liabilities related to taxes are appropriately reflected in our consolidated financial statements. We review the appropriate tax treatment of all transactions taking into consideration statutory, judicial and regulatory guidance in the context of our tax positions. In addition, we rely on various tax opinions, recent tax audits, and historical experience.
From time to time, we engage in business transactions that may have an effect on our tax liabilities. Where appropriate, we have obtained opinions of outside experts and have assessed the relative merits and risks of the appropriate tax treatment of business transactions taking into account statutory, judicial, and regulatory guidance in the context of the tax position. However, changes to our estimates of accrued taxes can occur due to changes in tax rates, implementation of new business strategies, resolution of issues with taxing authorities regarding previously taken tax positions prior to acquisition and newly enacted statutory, judicial and regulatory guidance. Such changes could affect the amount of our accrued taxes and could be material to our financial position and/or results of operations.
In the event the Internal Revenue Service, State of Ohio, or other state tax officials propose adjustments to our previously filed tax returns (or those of our subsidiaries), it is possible that the ultimate resolution of the proposed adjustments, if unfavorable, may be material to the results of operations in the period it occurs.
Changes in tax laws could affect our performance.
We are subject to extensive federal, state and local taxes, including income, excise, sales/use, payroll, property, franchise, withholding and ad valorem taxes. Changes to our tax liability could have a material effect on our results of operations. In addition, our customers are subject to a wide variety of federal, state and local taxes. Changes in taxes paid by our customers may affect their ability to purchase homes or consumer products, which could affect their demand for our loans and deposit products. In addition, such negative effects on our customers could result in defaults on the loans we have made and decrease the value of mortgage-backed securities in which we have invested.
On December 22, 2017, H.R.1, formally known as the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act,” was enacted into law. This new tax legislation, among other changes, limits the amount of state, federal and local taxes that taxpayers are permitted to deduct on their individual tax returns and eliminates other deductions in their entirety.

Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments.
None.

Item 2.  Properties.
At December 31, 2019, the Company operated 145 full service banking centers, 32 of which are leased facilities.  Our core banking operating markets are located within the four state region of Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky and Illinois. First Financial's executive office is a leased facility located in Cincinnati, Ohio and we operate 63 banking centers in Ohio, three banking centers in Illinois, 65 banking centers in Indiana and 14 banking centers in Kentucky. In addition, we operate our Commercial Finance division, responsible for our insurance lending business and franchise lending business, from a non-banking center location in Indiana.

Item 3.  Legal Proceedings.
We are from time to time engaged in various litigation matters including the defense of claims of improper or fraudulent loan practices or lending violations, and other matters, and we have a number of unresolved claims pending. In addition, as part of the ordinary course of business, we are parties to litigation involving claims to the ownership of funds in particular accounts,

21

TABLE OF CONTENTS

the collection of delinquent accounts, challenges to security interests in collateral, and foreclosure interests, that are incidental to our regular business activities. While the ultimate liability with respect to these other litigation matters and claims cannot be determined at this time, we believe that damages, if any, and other amounts relating to pending matters are not likely to be material to our consolidated financial position or results of operations. Reserves are established for these various matters of litigation, when appropriate under FASB ASC Topic 450, Contingencies, based in part upon the advice of legal counsel.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
Not applicable.

22

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Supplemental Item. Information About Our Executive Officers.

The following table sets forth information concerning the executive officers of First Financial as of February 21, 2020. The executive officers perform policy-making functions for First Financial. The officers are elected annually at the organizational meeting of the board of directors and serve until the next organizational meeting, or until their successors are elected and duly qualified.
 
 
Position with
First Financial Bancorp
 
Age
Archie M. Brown
 
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
59
 
 
 
 
 
James M. Anderson
 
EVP, Chief Financial Officer
 
48
 
 
 
 
 
Andrew K. Hauck
 
EVP, Chief Commercial Banking Officer
 
58
 
 
 
 
 
Catherine M. Myers
 
EVP, Consumer Banking
 
58
 
 
 
 
 
John M. Gavigan
 
EVP, Chief Operating Officer
 
41
 
 
 
 
 
Karen B. Woods
 
EVP, General Counsel and Chief Risk Officer
 
51
 
 
 
 
 
William R. Harrod
 
EVP, Chief Credit Officer
 
52
 
 
 
 
 
Amanda N. Neeley
 
EVP, Chief Strategy Officer
 
39

The following is a brief description of the business experience over the past five years of the individuals named above.

Archie M. Brown - Archie Brown is the President, Chief Executive Officer and a director of First Financial and the Bank, having been appointed to these positions on April 1, 2018 following First Financial’s acquisition of MainSource Financial Group, Inc. Previously, he served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of MainSource from August 2008 until April 2018 and chairman of the board of MainSource from April 2011 until April 2018.

James M. Anderson - Jamie Anderson became the Chief Financial Officer of First Financial and the Bank on April 1, 2018 following the merger of First Financial and MainSource. Previously Mr. Anderson served as the Chief Financial Officer of MainSource from January 2006 to April 2018. Prior to that role, he served in the following roles at MainSource: Administrative Vice President and Principal Accounting Officer from March 2005 to January 2006, Controller and Principal Accounting Officer from March 2002 to March 2005, and Controller from September 2000 to March 2002. Mr. Anderson is a certified public accountant (inactive).

Andrew K. Hauck - Andy Hauck is the Chief Commercial Banking Officer of First Financial. Mr. Hauck joined the organization in January 2019 following a long career with another institution. In his current capacity, he is responsible for all facets of the wholesale business of the Bank, including direct lending, treasury and other fee-based services, deposit gathering in the Commercial and Industrial space, as well as the Bank’s specialized units (Investor Commercial Real Estate, Business Capital, Equipment Finance and Foreign Exchange). Mr. Hauck’s prior experience includes these areas as well as International Banking, Capital Markets, and other forms of specialty finance.

Catherine M. Myers - Cathy Myers serves as Executive Vice President, Consumer Banking for First Financial and the Bank.  She is responsible for Retail Banking, Wealth Management, Mortgage Banking and Business Banking.  Cathy joined First Financial in 2018 and has over 34 years of experience in the banking industry. Prior to joining First Financial, Cathy served in various leadership capacities at U.S. Bank and Key Bank.  Most recently she was the USB Consumer Bank Technology Executive.  She began her career in banking as a Management Trainee for First National Bank of Southwestern Ohio.


23

TABLE OF CONTENTS

John M. Gavigan - John Gavigan is the Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer for First Financial where he is responsible for Enterprise Digital Solutions, Information Technology, Operations, Customer Support Center, Project Management and Corporate Facilities.  Mr. Gavigan was appointed to his current role in late 2018, having previously served as Chief Administrative Officer for the majority of 2018 and Chief Financial Officer from 2014 through early 2018. He joined the Company in 2008 as Assistant Controller and also served as Corporate Controller from 2011 into 2014. Mr. Gavigan is a certified public accountant (inactive).

Karen B. Woods - Karen Woods serves as General Counsel and Chief Risk Officer of First Financial. She joined First Financial in April 2018 following the merger of First Financial and MainSource. She previously served as Corporate Counsel and Chief Risk Officer of MainSource from January 2016 to April 2018. Prior to joining MainSource, Ms. Woods was a partner at Krieg DeVault LLP in Indianapolis, Indiana. Ms. Woods previously served as a judicial law clerk to the Honorable John G. Baker, Indiana Court of Appeals.

William R. Harrod - Bill Harrod is the Chief Credit Officer of First Financial, a role he has held since October 2017. He is responsible for managing and monitoring the loan portfolio and other related credit functions in a risk appropriate manner including underwriting, approval, and collections. Mr. Harrod first joined First Financial in 2015 and has held various credit and management positions since then in specialty banking, corporate banking, commercial and industrial lending and commercial finance.

Amanda N. Neeley - Mandy Neeley is the Chief Strategy Officer of First Financial, a role she has held since 2016.  Ms. Neeley is responsible for the launch and evolution of the First Financial brand, the introduction of the Premier Business Bank acquisition strategy, the advancement of sales process and enterprise CRM, and development of a formalized strategic planning program.  Ms. Neeley has spent her entire career in banking with the Bank, beginning as a part-time teller during college and, after graduating in 2003, Marketing Coordinator.

24

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART II

Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

(a)           Market information, holders, dividends

First Financial's common shares are listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Stock Market® under the symbol "FFBC." The information contained in the “Quarterly Financial And Common Stock Data” in First Financial’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2019 with respect to our stock price and dividends, is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

As of February 20, 2020, our common shares were held by approximately 4,216 shareholders of record, a number that does not include beneficial owners who hold shares in “street name,” or shareholders from previously acquired companies that have not exchanged their stock. At December 31, 2019, a total of 37,856 stock options and 530,569 shares of restricted stock were outstanding. Additional information about stock options, restricted stock and restricted stock units is included in Note 20 - Stock Options and Awards in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report and in Item 12 below.
The payment of future cash dividends is at the discretion of our Board of Directors and subject to a number of factors, including results of operations, general business conditions, growth, financial condition, regulatory limitation and other factors deemed relevant by the Board. Further, our ability to pay future cash dividends is subject to certain regulatory requirements and restrictions discussed in the Supervision and Regulation section in Item 1 above. For further information see Note 3 - Restrictions on Cash and Dividends in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements of First Financial's 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), which is incorporated by reference in response to this item.

Stock Performance Graph

The stock performance graph contained in “Total Return to Shareholders” of First Financial's 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

(b)
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
None.
 
(c)
The following table shows the total number of shares repurchased in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
 
(a)
 
(b)
 
(c)
 
(d)
Period
 
Total Number 
of Shares 
Purchased
 
Average 
Price Paid 
Per Share
 
Total Number of 
Shares Purchased as 
Part of Publicly 
Announced Plans
 
Maximum Number of
Shares that may yet 
be purchased Under 
the Plans
October 1 to October 31, 2019
 
660,049

 
$
23.96

 
660,049

 
3,196,457

November 1 to November 30, 2019
 
652,625

 
$
24.18

 
652,625

 
2,543,832

December 1 to December 31, 2019
 
297,104

 
$
24.42

 
297,104

 
2,246,728

Total
 
1,609,778

 
$
24.13

 
1,609,778

 
 


The First Financial Board of Directors has approved a stock repurchase plan pursuant to which the Company is authorized to repurchase up to 5,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock through December 31, 2021.

Item 6.  Selected Financial Data.
The information contained in Table 1 of the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section of First Financial's 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.


25

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results Of Operations.
The information contained in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section (including certain forward looking statements) of First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report) is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

Item 7A.  Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk.
The information contained in the Market Risk section and in Table 14 - Market Risk Disclosure of the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section in First Financial's 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

Item 8.  Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The consolidated financial statements and the reports of our independent registered public accounting firm included in the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), are incorporated herein by reference.

The Quarterly Financial and Common Stock Data at the end of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9.  Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.
None.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
First Financial’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, together with other members of senior management, have evaluated First Financial’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Exchange Act)
as of the end of the fiscal year covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, First Financial’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer have concluded that such disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that material information required to be disclosed by First Financial, including its consolidated subsidiaries, in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Management's Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting and the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm included in First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report), are incorporated herein by reference.

Changes in Internal Controls Over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in First Financial’s internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) that occurred during the fiscal quarter ended December 31, 2019 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, First Financial’s internal control over financial reporting.

Item 9B.  Other Information.
None.


26

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART III

Item 10.  Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
Certain information concerning executive officers of First Financial has been supplied in the “Supplemental Item. Executive Officers of the Registrant” of this Form 10-K. Information appearing under “Election of Directors,” “Corporate Governance - Board Committees,” “Shareholder Nominations for Election to the Board” and "Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports" of First Financial's Definitive Proxy Statement with respect to the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 26, 2020, and which is expected to be filed with the SEC, pursuant to Regulation 14A of the Exchange Act (First Financial’s Proxy Statement) within 120 days of the close of our fiscal year, is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

Item 11.  Executive Compensation.
The information appearing under the headings “Meetings of the Board of Directors and Committees of the Board,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis,” “Executive Compensation,” “Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation,” and “Compensation Committee Report” in First Financial’s Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

Item 12.  Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.
The information appearing under the heading “Shareholdings of Directors, Executive Officers, and Nominees for Director” of First Financial’s Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.

Equity Compensation Plan Information

The following table sets forth information as of December 31, 2019 with respect to compensation plans under which our common shares may be issued:

Securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans

 
 
Number of securities to be issued
upon exercise of
 outstanding options,
warrants and rights
 
Weighted-average exercise price of outstanding options, warrants and rights
 
Number of securities
 remaining available for
 future issuance under
equity compensation plans
(excluding securities
reflected in column (a))
Plan category
 
(a)
 
(b)
 
(c) (1)
Equity compensation plans approved by security holders
 
37,856

 
$
9.54

 
1,519,231

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders
 
N/A

 
N/A

 
N/A


(1)
The securities included in this column are available for issuance under the First Financial Bancorp. Amended and Restated 2012 Stock Plan, which was approved by the shareholders at the 2017 Annual Meeting.  The Amended and Restated 2012 Plan includes provisions regarding adjustments to the number of securities available for future issuance under the Amended and Restated 2012 Plan in the event of a merger, reorganization, consolidation, recapitalization, reclassification, split-up, spin-off, separation, liquidation, stock dividend, stock split, reverse stock split, property dividend, share repurchase, share combination, share exchange, issuance of warrants, rights or debentures or other change in corporate structure of First Financial affecting First Financial’s common shares.  In any of the foregoing events, the Amended and Restated 2012 Plan permits the Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee of the board to make such substitution or adjustments in the aggregate number and kind of shares available for issuance under the respective plans as the Board of Directors or the Compensation Committee, as the case may be, determine to be appropriate in its sole discretion.  All of the securities reported in column (c) are available under the Amended and Restated 2012 Plan.

Item 13.  Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.
The information appearing in Note 13 - Loans to Related Parties in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report) is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.  The information appearing under the heading “Corporate Governance-Transactions with Related Parties” in First Financial’s Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.


27

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Item 14.  Principal Accounting Fees and Services.
Information appearing under the heading “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm Fees” in First Financial’s Proxy Statement is incorporated herein by reference in response to this item.


28

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART IV

Item 15.  Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules.

(a)
(1)
The consolidated financial statements (and report thereon) listed below are incorporated herein by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report (included as Exhibit 13 of this report) as noted:
 
 
 
 
 
Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2019 and 2018 - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Income for years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for the years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for years ended December 31, 2019, 2018, and 2017 - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements - Incorporated by reference from First Financial’s 2019 Annual Report
 
 
 
 
(2)
Financial Statement Schedules: Schedules to the consolidated financial statements required by Regulation S-X are not required under the related instructions, or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted
 
 
 
 
(3)
Exhibits:

The documents listed below are filed/furnished with this Annual Report on Form 10-K as exhibits or incorporated into this Annual Report on Form 10-K by reference as noted:

Exhibit
Number
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.1
3.2

29

TABLE OF CONTENTS

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17

30

TABLE OF CONTENTS

4.18
4.19
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
10.10
10.11
10.12
10.13
10.14
10.15
10.16
10.17
10.18
10.19

31

TABLE OF CONTENTS

10.20
10.21
10.22
10.23
10.24
10.25
10.26
10.27
10.28
10.29
10.30
10.31
10.32
13
14.1
14.2
21
23
31.1
31.2
32.1
32.2
101.1
Financial statements from the Annual Report on Form 10-K of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2019, formatted in XBRL: (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) Consolidated Statements of Income, (iii) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, (iv) Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity, and (v) Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, as blocks of text and in detail.**

 

32

TABLE OF CONTENTS

First Financial will furnish, without charge, to a security holder upon request a copy of the documents, portions of which are incorporated by reference (Annual Report to Shareholders and Proxy Statement), and will furnish any other Exhibit upon the payment of reproduction costs.

* Compensation plan(s) or arrangement(s).
** As provided in Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, this information shall not be deemed "filed" for purposes of Section 11 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or otherwise subject to liability under those sections.


Item 16. Form 10-K Summary.
None.


33

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

FIRST FINANCIAL BANCORP.
 
By: 
/s/ Archie M. Brown
Archie M. Brown, Director
President and Chief Executive Officer

Date 
2/21/2020

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
  /s/ Archie M. Brown
 
/s/ James M. Anderson
Archie M. Brown, Director
President and Chief Executive Officer
 
James M. Anderson, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ Claude E. Davis
 
/s/ Scott Crawley
Claude E. Davis, Director
 
Scott T. Crawley, First Vice President and Controller
Chairman of the Board
 
(Principal Accounting Officer)
 
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ J. Wickliffe Ach
 
/s/ Kathleen L. Bardwell
J. Wickliffe Ach, Director
 
Kathleen L. Bardwell, Director
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ William G. Barron
 
/s/ Vincent A. Berta
Wiliam G. Barron, Director
 
Vincent A. Berta, Director
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ Cynthia O. Booth
 
/s/ Corinne R. Finnerty
Cynthia O. Booth, Director
 
Corinne R. Finnerty, Director
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ Erin P. Hoeflinger
 
/s/ Susan L. Knust
Erin P. Hoeflinger, Director
 
Susan L. Knust, Director
 
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020

34

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
 
 
/s/ William J. Kramer
 
/s/ John T. Neighbours
William J. Kramer, Director
 
John T. Neighbours, Director
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
/s/ Thomas M. O'Brien
 
/s/ Richard E. Olszewski
Thomas M. O'Brien, Director
 
Richard E. Olszewski, Director
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ Maribeth S. Rahe
 
 
 
Maribeth S. Rahe, Director
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Date
2/21/2020
 
 
 


35
(Back To Top)

Section 2: EX-4.19 (EXHIBIT 4.19)

Exhibit
EXHIBIT 4.19

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

As of December 31, 2019, First Financial Bancorp, an Ohio corporation, had two classes of securities registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended: common Stock, without par value, and preferred shares, with or without par value. The following summary provides a brief description of our capital stock, as well as certain additional information.

This summary is subject to, and qualified in its entirety by reference to, our Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation, as amended ("Articles"), and our Amended and Restated Regulations, as amended ("Regulations"). Our Articles and Regulations are filed as exhibits to the Annual Report on Form 10-K of which this exhibit is a part and incorporated by reference herein.

Authorized Capital Stock

Our authorized capital stock consists of 160,000,000 common shares, without par value, and 10,000,000 preferred shares, with or without par value ("preferred shares") as determined in accordance with the Articles. As of December 31, 2019, 104,281,794 of our common shares were issued and outstanding, 5,790,796 of our common shares were held by us in treasury, and none of our preferred shares were issued or outstanding.

Common Shares

Holders of our common shares are entitled to:

cast one vote for each common share held of record on all matters submitted to a vote of shareholders;
receive dividends when, as and if declared by our Board of Directors (the "Board") from funds legally available therefor, subject to the rights of holders of preferred shares, if any; and
share ratably in our net assets legally available to our shareholders in the event of our liquidation, dissolution or winding up, after provision for the distribution of any preferential amounts to the holders of preferred shares, if any.

Holders of our common shares have no preemptive, subscription, preference, redemption, conversion, exchange or cumulative voting rights. The rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our common shares are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights, preferences and privileges of holders of any preferred shares that we may designate and issue in the future.

Subject to compliance with applicable federal and state securities laws, our common shares may be transferred without any restrictions or limitations. The transfer agent and registrar for our common shares is Computershare Shareholder Services.

Our common shares are listed on The NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol "FFBC". Our outstanding common shares are, and any common shares registered under this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement will be, when issued, fully paid and nonassessable.

Preferred Shares

Our Articles authorize the Board to issue, without any further vote or action by our shareholders, subject to certain limitations prescribed by law and the rules and regulations of any stock exchange on which our securities may be listed, up to an aggregate of 10,000,000 preferred shares in one or more series.

Subject to the limitations described in the next paragraph, the Board is also authorized to determine and fix the powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional, conversion and other special rights of each series of preferred shares issued from time to time, and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions thereof, including the designation and authorized number of each series, dividend rights, voting rights, conversion rights, redemption and exchange rights, sinking fund requirements and liquidation rights. The Board may increase or



decrease the number of shares of any series of preferred shares before or after the issue of that series, but not below the number of shares of such series then outstanding. If the number of preferred shares of any series is so decreased, the shares constituting such decrease will resume the status of authorized but unissued shares. Under Ohio law, the authority of a board to establish the par value of preferred shares is not settled even if such authority is provided in the corporation's articles. Consequently, our preferred shares will be issued without par value unless the Board determines to issue preferred shares with par value after having been advised by counsel that it has the authority to do so.

The Articles provide that the voting rights of each preferred share are limited to no more than one vote per share when voting as a class with the common shares, and the preferred shares will not vote as a separate class or series except as required by Ohio law. The Board has represented that it will not issue, without prior shareholder approval, any series of preferred shares for any defensive or anti-takeover purpose, for the purpose of implementing a shareholder rights plan, or with features specifically intended to make any attempted acquisition of the Company more difficult or costly.

The Board will fix the powers, designations, preferences and relative, participating, optional, conversion and other special rights of each series of preferred shares that we offer under this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, and the qualifications, limitations and restrictions of such series, in a certificate of amendment to our Articles relating to that series. We will file as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, or incorporate by reference therein from another report that we file with the SEC, the form of any certificate of amendment to our Articles that describes the terms of the series of preferred shares that we are offering before the issuance of the related series of preferred shares. We will also describe in the applicable prospectus supplement the terms of the series of preferred shares being offered.

The Board may authorize the issuance of preferred shares with voting, conversion or other rights that could adversely affect the voting power or other rights of the holders of our common shares. The issuance of preferred shares could have the effect of decreasing the market price of our common shares, restricting our ability to repurchase outstanding common shares, decreasing the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to holders of our common shares and creating restrictions upon the payment and amount of dividends and other distributions to holders of our common shares. The issuance of preferred shares also could have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing a change in control of us without further action by our shareholders. When we issue preferred shares under this prospectus and the applicable prospectus supplement, such preferred shares will be fully paid and nonassessable.

Anti-Takeover Effects of Certain Provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and Ohio Law

Our Articles contain certain provisions that make it more difficult to acquire control of us by means of a tender offer, open market purchase, a proxy fight or otherwise. These provisions are designed to encourage persons seeking to acquire control of us to negotiate with our Board. We believe that, as a general rule, the interests of our shareholders would be best served if any change in control results from negotiations with our Board. The following provisions of our Articles and Ohio law might have the effect of delaying, deterring or preventing a change in control of us and would operate only with respect to an extraordinary corporate transaction, such as a merger, reorganization, tender offer, sale or transfer of assets or liquidation involving the Company and certain persons described below.

The Ohio General Corporation Law (the "OGCL") provides that the approval of two-thirds of the voting power of a corporation is required to effect mergers and similar transactions, to adopt amendments to the articles of incorporation of a corporation and to take certain other significant actions. Although under Ohio law the articles of incorporation of a corporation may permit such actions to be taken by a vote that is less than two-thirds (but not less than a majority), our Articles do not contain such a provision. The two-thirds voting requirement tends to make approval of such matters, including further amendments to the Articles, relatively difficult, and a vote of the holders of in excess of one-third of our outstanding common shares would be sufficient to prevent implementation of any of the corporate actions mentioned above.




Section 1701.831 of the OGCL is a "control share acquisition" statute. The control share acquisition statute basically provides that any person acquiring shares of an "issuing public corporation" (which definition we meet) in any of the following three ownership ranges must seek and obtain shareholder approval of the acquisition transaction that first puts such ownership within each such range: (i) more than 20% but less than 331/3%; (ii) 331/3% but not more than 50%; and (iii) more than 50%.

The purpose of the control share acquisition statute is to give shareholders of Ohio corporations a reasonable opportunity to express their views on a proposed shift in control, thereby reducing the coercion inherent in an unfriendly takeover. The provisions of the control share acquisition statute grant to our shareholders the assurance that they will have adequate time to evaluate the proposal of
the acquiring person, that they will be permitted to vote on the issue of authorizing the acquiring person's purchase in the same manner and with the same proxy information that would be available to them if a proposed merger of the Company were before them and, most importantly, that the interests of all shareholders will be taken into account in connection with such vote and the probability will be increased that they will be treated equally regarding the price to be offered for their common shares if the purchase is approved.

The control share acquisition statute applies not only to traditional offers but also to open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions and original issuances by an Ohio corporation, whether friendly or unfriendly. The procedural requirements of the control share acquisition statute could render approval of any control share acquisition difficult because it must be authorized at a special meeting of shareholders, at which a quorum is present, by the affirmative vote of the majority of the voting power represented and by a majority of the portion of such voting power, excluding interested shares. Any corporate defense against persons seeking to acquire control may have the effect of discouraging or preventing offers which some shareholders might find financially attractive. On the other hand, the need on the part of the acquiring person to convince our shareholders of the value and validity of the offer may cause such offer to be more financially attractive in order to gain shareholder approval.

Chapter 1704 of the OGCL is a "merger moratorium" statute. The merger moratorium statute provides that, unless a corporation's articles of incorporation or regulations otherwise provide, an "issuing public corporation" (which definition we meet) may not engage in a "Chapter 1704 transaction" for three years following the date on which a person acquires more than 10% of the voting power in the election of directors of the issuing corporation, unless the Chapter 1704 transaction is approved by the corporation's board of directors prior to such transaction. A person who acquires such voting power is an "interested shareholder," and "Chapter 1704 transactions" involve a broad range of transactions, including mergers, consolidations, combinations, liquidations, recapitalizations and other transactions between an issuing public corporation and an interested shareholder if such transactions involve 5% of the assets or shares of the issuing public corporation or 10% of its earning power. After the initial three year moratorium, Chapter 1704 of the OGCL prohibits such transactions absent approval by disinterested shareholders or the transaction meeting certain statutorily defined fair price provisions. One significant effect of Chapter 1704 of the OGCL is to encourage a person to negotiate with a corporation's board of directors prior to becoming an interested shareholder.

Ohio also has enacted Section 1707.043 of the OGCL, which provides that a person who announces a control bid must disgorge profits realized by that person upon the sale of any equity securities within 18 months of the announcement.

In addition, Section 1701.59 of the OGCL provides that, in determining what a director reasonably believes to be in the best interests of the corporation, such director may consider, in addition to the interests of the corporation's shareholders, any of the interests of the corporation's employees, suppliers, creditors and customers, the economy of the State of Ohio and the United States, community and societal considerations and the long-term as well as the short-term interests in the corporation and its shareholders, including the possibility that these interests may be best served by the continued independence of the corporation.

The overall effect of these statutes may be to render more difficult or discourage the removal of incumbent management or the assumption of effective control by other persons.


(Back To Top)

Section 3: EX-13 (EXHIBIT 13)

Exhibit
EXHIBIT 13402924182_glossyfinal2001.jpg

2019 Annual Report TRANSFORMING OUR BUSINES
2019 Annual Report TRANSFORMING OUR BUSINESS first First Financial Bancorp




402924182_glossyfinal2002.jpg

CONSECUTIVE Net Income $198.1 QUARTERS OF (dollars in millions) $172.6 117 PROFITABILITY $96.8 $88.5 $75.1 YEARS OF STRENGTH & STABILITY 156 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 $9.2 $10.2 $14.5 Total Loans Total Deposits $10.1 Total Assets (dollars in billions) $8.8 (dollars in billions) (dollars in billions) $14.0 $6.0 $6.9 $5.8 $6.5 $6.2 $8.9 $5.4 $8.4 $8.1 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 $2.00 1.39% Earnings Per Share Return On Assets 1.37% Return On Equity 10.78% $1.93 10.48% 9.85% 9.33% 9.11% 1.12% $1.56 1.07% $1.43 1.00% $1.21 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019




402924182_glossyfinal2003.jpg

Dear Fellow Shareholders, The past year was transformational for First Financial Bancorp. With the completion of the MainSource merger in 2018, First Financial emerged as a $10+ billion company, “ raising our profile within the industry and assuming new we must be in the right responsibilities to shareholders, regulators, and the clients and communities we serve. place at the right time Transformation is never simple. It presents challenges to our with the right advice people, processes, and the products and services we offer. and solutions to help I’m pleased to report that we rose to the challenge and emerged as a stronger bank, better positioned to compete, our clients innovate, and win. 2019 Highlights in technology, and in the social, economic, and political conditions that impact our key stakeholders. First Financial’s 2019 achievements are evidenced by important developments internally, in the services we offer, We must be in the right place at the right time with the and in the ways with which we engage our clients: right advice and solutions to help our clients along their financial journeys. This means understanding the needs of The roll out of our Corporate Strategic Plan, setting clear our clients on an instinctive level. We will immerse ourselves direction for our planning efforts and aligning our people into client segments, working to understand the economic, with the core tenets of our business social, and psychographic nuances of Low and Moderate Investments in key talent, adding high-quality associates in Income, Mass Affluent, and High Net Worth individuals and strategic roles to drive innovation and growth families. Similarly, we continue to develop specialized skills in understanding the specific needs of Corporate, Middle Market, The formation of our Digital Solutions Group, the creation Commercial, and Small Business clients, responding to - and of a three-year digital roadmap, and the rollout of new ultimately anticipating - needs in ways that keep businesses technologies that enable improved online business and moving forward on their journeys. We will take the concept retail mortgage lending capabilities of an advisor to an entirely new level, leveraging data to better understand needs and trends, removing friction, and The acquisition of Bannockburn Global Forex, adding making the First Financial banking experience easier and foreign currency hedging, advising, and trading capabilities more pleasing than any financial relationship our clients have to our specialty services offerings ever had. The opening of our 4th & Vine Innovation Center in Client centric. Ready to engage. Delivering expert advice and Cincinnati, providing a new distribution approach for solutions. This is where we’re going in 2020. This is the next banking services, innovation, and financial wellness stage in First Financial Bank’s transformation. The renovation of our Greensburg Operations Center and Thank you for your continued support. our commitment of $500,000 in support of the capital campaign to expand the Greensburg, IN YMCA with a Decatur County Memorial Hospital wellness facility A $1 million donation to the Cincinnati USA Regional Chamber’s Minority Business Accelerator to help continue the development of sizable minority businesses in the Greater Cincinnati area Financially, 2019 was another successful year for First Financial. The year was highlighted by record earnings, top- quartile returns, and shareholder-focused capital actions despite headwinds from Fed rate cuts, legislatively mandated reductions in interchange revenue, and increased credit costs. This success is a direct reflection of the resolve and dedication of our associates, who continue to deliver unparalleled service to our clients and return to our shareholders. What’s Ahead In 2020 With a strong foundation firmly established, we move forward in 2020 with specific execution plans that continue our transformation. We will adapt to changes in our markets, Archie M. Brown President & Chief Executive Officer


First Financial Bancorp 2019 Annual Report 1


402924182_glossyfinal2004.jpg
Leadership Senior Management Archie M. Brown John M. Gavigan Amanda N. Neeley President and Chief Executive Officer Chief Operating Officer Chief Strategy Officer James M. Anderson William R. Harrod James R. Shank Chief Financial Officer Chief Credit Officer Chief Internal Auditor Scott T. Crawley Andrew K. Hauck Karen B. Woods Corporate Controller and Chief Commercial Banking Officer General Counsel and Principal Accounting Officer Chief Risk Officer Catherine M. Myers Richard S. Dennen Chief Consumer Banking Officer President, Oak Street Funding Board of Directors Claude E. Davis Erin P. Hoeflinger Board Chair, First Financial Bancorp Senior Vice President, Business Strategy and Execution Managing Director Aetna Brixey and Meyer Capital Susan L. Knust J. Wickliffe Ach Owner and President Lead Independent Director Omega Warehouse Services Board of Directors of First Financial Bancorp William J. Kramer Kathleen L. Bardwell Vice President of Operations Senior Vice President, Chief Compliance Officer Valco Companies, Inc. STERIS Corporation John T. Neighbours William G. Barron General Counsel Chairman and President AmeriQual Group Holdings William G. Barron Enterprises Thomas M. O’Brien Vincent A. Berta Senior Advisor President and Managing Director Boston Consulting Group Covington Capital, LLC Richard E. Olszewski Cynthia O. Booth Owner/Operator President and Chief Executive Officer 7 Eleven Food Stores COBCO Enterprises, LLC Maribeth S. Rahe Archie M. Brown President and Chief Executive Officer President and Chief Executive Officer Fort Washington Investment Advisors, Inc. First Financial Bancorp and First Financial Bank Corinne R. Finnerty Principal McConnell Finnerty PC



2 First Financial Bancorp 2019 Annual Report



FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
% Change
Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net interest income
 
$
484,254

 
$
449,235

 
7.8
 %
Net income
 
198,075

 
172,595

 
14.8
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per Share
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per common share-basic
 
$
2.01

 
$
1.95

 
3.1
 %
Net income per common share-diluted
 
2.00

 
1.93

 
3.6
 %
Cash dividends declared per common share
 
0.90

 
0.78

 
15.4
 %
Tangible book value per common share (end of year)
 
12.42

 
11.72

 
6.0
 %
Market price (end of year)
 
25.44

 
23.72

 
7.3
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance Sheet - End of Year
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total assets
 
$
14,511,625

 
$
13,986,660

 
3.8
 %
Loans
 
9,201,665

 
8,824,214

 
4.3
 %
Investment securities
 
3,119,966

 
3,324,243

 
(6.1
)%
Deposits
 
10,210,229

 
10,140,394

 
0.7
 %
Shareholders' equity
 
2,247,705

 
2,078,249

 
8.2
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ratios
 
 
 
 
 
 
Return on average assets
 
1.39
%
 
1.37
%
 
 
Return on average shareholders' equity
 
9.11
%
 
9.85
%
 
 
Return on average tangible shareholders' equity
 
16.32
%
 
17.32
%
 
 
Net interest margin
 
3.95
%
 
4.05
%
 
 
Net interest margin (fully tax equivalent)
 
4.00
%
 
4.10
%
 
 



First Financial Bancorp 2019 Annual Report 3









 
2019 Financial Highlights






4 First Financial Bancorp 2019 Annual Report


Glossary of Abbreviations and Acronyms

First Financial Bancorp has identified the following list of abbreviations and acronyms that are used in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements and the Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

ABL
Asset based lending
 
FHLMC
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation
ACL
Allowance for credit losses
 
First Financial
First Financial Bancorp.
the Act
Private Securities Litigation Reform Act
 
FNMA
Federal National Mortgage Association
AFS
Available-for-sale
 
Form 10-K
First Financial Bancorp. Annual Report on Form 10-K
ALLL
Allowance for loan and lease losses
 
FRB
Federal Reserve Bank
AOCI
Accumulated other comprehensive income
 
GAAP
U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
ASC
Accounting standards codification
 
GDP
Gross Domestic Product
ASU
Accounting standards update
 
GNMA
Government National Mortgage Association
ATM
Automated teller machine
 
HTM
Held-to-maturity
Bank
First Financial Bank
 
Insignificant
Less than $0.1 million
Basel III
Basel Committee regulatory capital reforms, Third Basel Accord
 
IRLC
Interest Rate Lock Commitment
BGF or Bannockburn
Bannockburn Global Forex, LLC
 
MBSs
Mortgage-backed securities
Bp/bps
Basis point(s)
 
MSFG
MainSource Financial Group, Inc.
BOLI
Bank owned life insurance
 
N/A
Not applicable
CDs
Certificates of deposit
 
NII
Net interest income
CECL
Current Expected Credit Loss
 
N/M
Not meaningful
C&I
Commercial & industrial
 
Oak Street
Oak Street Holdings Corporation
CLOs
Collateralized loan obligations
 
ODFI
Ohio Department of Financial Institutions
CMOs
Collateralized mortgage obligations
 
OREO
Other real estate owned
CRE
Commercial real estate
 
PCA
Prompt corrective action
Company
First Financial Bancorp.
 
ROU
Right-of-use
ERM
Enterprise Risk Management
 
SEC
United States Securities and Exchange Commission
EVE
Economic value of equity
 
Topic 842
FASB ASC Topic 842, Leasing
Fair Value Topic
FASB ASC Topic 825, Financial Instruments
 
Special Assets
Special Assets Division
FASB
Financial Accounting Standards Board
 
TDR
Troubled debt restructuring
FDIC
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
 
USD
United States dollars
FHLB
Federal Home Loan Bank
 
 
 


First Financial Bancorp 2019 Annual Report 5


Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Table 1 • Financial Summary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
 
2015
Summary of operations
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest income
 
$
607,578

 
$
540,382

 
$
333,073

 
$
305,950

 
$
269,759

Tax equivalent adjustment (1)
 
6,328

 
5,147

 
5,259

 
4,215

 
4,017

Interest income tax – equivalent (1)
 
613,906

 
545,529

 
338,332

 
310,165

 
273,776

Interest expense
 
123,324

 
91,147

 
49,528

 
33,279

 
23,257

  Net interest income tax – equivalent (1)
 
$
490,582

 
$
454,382

 
$
288,804

 
$
276,886

 
$
250,519

Interest income
 
$
607,578

 
$
540,382

 
$
333,073

 
$
305,950

 
$
269,759

Interest expense
 
123,324

 
91,147

 
49,528

 
33,279

 
23,257

  Net interest income
 
484,254

 
449,235

 
283,545

 
272,671

 
246,502

Provision for loan and lease losses
 
30,598

 
14,586

 
3,582

 
10,140

 
9,641

Noninterest income
 
131,373

 
103,382

 
76,142

 
69,601

 
75,202

Noninterest expenses
 
342,167

 
323,810

 
239,942

 
201,401

 
201,130

Income before income taxes
 
242,862

 
214,221

 
116,163

 
130,731

 
110,933

Income tax expense
 
44,787

 
41,626

 
19,376

 
42,205

 
35,870

   Net income
 
$
198,075

 
$
172,595

 
$
96,787

 
$
88,526

 
$
75,063

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per share data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share